Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Florida state depositories
 63rd infantry division "Blood and...
 65th infantry division "Battle...
 66th infantry division "Black...
 69th infantry division "Fighting...
 70th infantry division "Trailb...
 71st infantry division "The Red...
 75th infantry division "75th"
 76th infantry division "Liberty...
 77th infantry division "Statue...
 78th infantry division "White...
 79th infantry division "Cross of...
 80th infantry division "Blue...
 81st infantry division "Wildca...
 83rd infantry division "Thunde...
 84th infantry division "Railsp...
 85th infantry division "Custer...
 86th infantry division "Blackh...
 87th infantry division "Golden...
 88th infantry division "Blue...
 89th infantry division "Rolling...
 90th infantry division "Tough...
 91st infantry division "Wild...
 92nd infantry division "Buffal...
 93rd infantry division
 94th infantry division "Neuf-c...
 95th infantry division "Victor...
 96th infantry division "Deadey...
 97th infantry division "Triden...
 98th infantry division "Iroquo...
 99th infantry division "Checke...
 100th infantry division "Centu...
 102nd infantry division "Ozark...
 103rd infantry division "Cactu...
 104th infantry division "Timbe...
 106th infantry division "Golden...
 Compilation of information and...

Title: Summary histories
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047650/00001
 Material Information
Title: Summary histories World War II Reserve Army Infantry Divisions
Series Title: Special archives publication
Alternate Title: World War II Reserve Army Infantry Divisions
Physical Description: 1 v. (unnumbered) : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Picken, Jack L
Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Publisher: State Arsenal, St. Francis Barracks
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: [1992?]
Subject: World War, 1939-1945 -- Regimental histories -- United States   ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- Reserves -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: At head of title: Florida Department of Military Affairs.
General Note: "...was compiled by Jack L. Picken of Waterloo, Iowa"--Introduction.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00047650
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida National Guard
Holding Location: Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001753797
oclc - 26706901
notis - AJG6783

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
        Unnumbered ( 4 )
    Florida state depositories
        Unnumbered ( 5 )
    63rd infantry division "Blood and Fire"
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    65th infantry division "Battle-axe"
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    66th infantry division "Black Panther"
        Page 9
        Page 10
    69th infantry division "Fighting 69th"
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    70th infantry division "Trailblazers"
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    71st infantry division "The Red Circle"
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    75th infantry division "75th"
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    76th infantry division "Liberty Bell"
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    77th infantry division "Statue of Liberty"
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    78th infantry division "White Lightening"
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    79th infantry division "Cross of Lorraine"
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    80th infantry division "Blue Ridge"
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    81st infantry division "Wildcat"
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    83rd infantry division "Thunderbolt"
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    84th infantry division "Railsplitters"
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
    85th infantry division "Custer"
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
    86th infantry division "Blackhawk"
        Page 75
        Page 76
    87th infantry division "Golden Acorn"
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
    88th infantry division "Blue Devils"
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
    89th infantry division "Rolling W"
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
    90th infantry division "Tough 'ombres"
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
    91st infantry division "Wild West"
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    92nd infantry division "Buffalo"
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
    93rd infantry division
        Page 112
        Page 113
    94th infantry division "Neuf-cats"
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
    95th infantry division "Victory"
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
    96th infantry division "Deadeye"
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
    97th infantry division "Trident"
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
    98th infantry division "Iroquois"
        Page 134
    99th infantry division "Checkerboard"
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
    100th infantry division "Century"
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
    102nd infantry division "Ozark"
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
    103rd infantry division "Cactus"
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
    104th infantry division "Timberwolf"
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
    106th infantry division "Golden Lion"
        Page 165
        Page 166
    Compilation of information and statistics relating to US army casualties during the Second World War
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
Full Text

Digitized with the permission of the



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documents that, in many cases, were photocopies of
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Where possible images have been manipulated to
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such manipulation was not possible. Where
available, the originals photocopied for publication
have been digitized and have been added,
separately, to this collection.

Searchable text generated from the digital images,
subsequently, is also poor. The researcher is
advised not to rely solely upon text-search in this


Items collected here were originally published by the
Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL
ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida
National Guard for additional information.

The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to
content originating with the Guard.


were digitized by the University of Florida in
recognition of those serving in Florida's National
Guard, many of whom have given their lives in
defense of the State and the Nation.





Special Archives Publication

State Arsenal
St. Francis Barracks
St. Augustine, Florida



These Special Archives Publications are produced as a service to Florida communities,
historians and any other individuals, historical or geneaological societies and both national
and state governmental agencies which find the information contained therein of use or
value. They are automatically distributed to all official Florida State archival records

At present, only a very limited number of copies of these publications are produced.
They are provided to certain state and national historical record depositories and other
public libraries and historical societies at no charge. Any copies remaining are given to
other interested parties on a first come, first served basis.

Information about the series is available from the Historical Services Division, Depart-
ment of Military Affairs, State Arsenal, PO Box 1008, St. Augustine, Florida 32085.

Robert Hawk


The information in all the Summary Unit Histories was compiled by Jack L. Picken of
Waterloo, Iowa. He is an amateur historian who has made the research and study of
American combat units in the wars of the twentieth century his life's work. These
summaries were sent to us as part of his contribution to the establishment of the Camp
Blanding Museum and Memorial Park of the Second World War.

Some of the material was extracted from the standard works on US units listed below.
But there is considerable information contained in these pages that is the result of dogged
research in original records, especially the detailed information concerning unit casualties
and decorations awarded. The statistics on day to day casualties Mr. Picken has
researched for most combat units is absolutely unique and available in this form in no other
source. (His statistics on casualties are more accurate than those available from normal.
official sources!)

There are some gaps in the information available and some "fine tuning" yet to be
accomplished but eventually we hope to put this material on a computer and publish it in
a more complete and professional manner. Until then these photocopied compilations will
meet the immediate needs of all those interested in the incredible history of America's
soldiers, airmen and marines during the Second World War.

Robert Hawk
Department of Military
St. Augustine, Florida


Army Almanac (1950)
Committee on Veterans Affairs; Medal of Honor Recipients 1863-1978
Fighting Divisions; Kahn, Ely J. and McLemore, Henry
Library, US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania
University of Iowa; Army Divisional Combat Narratives, World War II (Archives)
Other public and private standard informational sources and institutions were con-
sulted as necessary


State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are
available to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary
loan, subject to each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries
that are obligated to give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be
directed to the nearest depository.

Bay Vista Campus Library (1982) *State Library of Florida (1968)
Documents Department Documents Section
Florida International University R. A. Gray Building
North Miami, Florida 33181 Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0250

Brevard County Library System (1968) Stetson University (1968)
308 Forrest Avenue Dupont-Ball Library
Cocoa, Florida 32922-7781 Deland, Florida 32720-3769

Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968)
100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North
Jacksonville, Florida 32211
*Central Florida Regional Lib. System (1972)
15 Southeast Osceola Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County (1968)
Ocala, Florida 32671 Public Library System
900 North Ashley Street
*Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602
P. O. Box 3092 *University of Central Florida (1968)
Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library
Post Office Box 25000
*Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666
Documents Section
Tamiami Campus Library Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968)
Miami, Florida 33199 Documents Department
Gainesville, Florida 32611
*Florida State University Library (1968)
Documents Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968)
Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications
P.O. Box 248214
*Jacksonville Public Libraries (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124
122 North Ocean Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202-3374 *University of North Florida Library
Documents Division (1971)
Lee County Library System (1991) Post Office Box 17605
2025 Lee Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Ft. Myers, Florida 33901-3989
*University of South Florida (1968)
*Miami-Dade Public Library System (1968) Library Special Collections
101 West Flagler Street 4204 Fowler Avenue
Miami, Florida 33130-1523 Tampa, Florida 33620

Northwest Regional Library System (1968) University of West Florida (1968)
25 West Government Street Documents John Pace Library
Panama City, Florida 32402 Pensacola, Florida 32514- 5750

Orange County Library District (1968) Volusia County Library Center (1990)
101 East Central Boulevard City Island
Orlando, Florida 32801 Daytona Beach, Florida 32114

St. Petersburg Public Library (1968) West Palm Beach Public Library (1968)
3748 Ninth Avenue, North 100 Clematis
St. Petersburg, Florida 33713 West Palm Beach, Florida 33401


Activated-15 June 1943

Returned To United States-Early-September 1945

Inactivated-27 September 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Alsace Saar Siegfried Line Rhineland
Wirttemberg Bavaria
Days In Combat-119

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Louis E. Hibbs June 1943--July 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 63rd Infantry Division was activated at Camp Blanding, Florida, in
June 1943. Its commander, Major-General Louis E. Hibbs, saw extensive action in World War I
with the 1st Infantry Division. He was wounded twice, once seriously in the arm by shell
fragments, and was hospitalized for nine months.
After 1i years of training in the United States, the 63rd left Camp Shanks, New York, for
the embarkation from New York harbor, and arrived in Marseille, France, on 8 December 1944.
Under the code name of Task Force Harris, the 63rd helped protect the eastern flank of the
U.S. 7th Army along the west bank of the Rhine between Seltz and Gambsheii. The 79th Infan-
try Division was on the north flank, and the 36th Infantry Division to the south. From 23-
31 December 1944, the Task Force fought defensively in this area with two of its regiments,
the 253rd and 255th. This sector was, at this time, relatively quiet with light enemy pat-
rol activity. The first division casualty--killed in action, was reported by the 255th on
23 December 1944.
On 28 December, the newly arrived 70th Infantry Division began relieving these two regi-
ments along the Rhine, and the 63rd was divided up. The 253rd and 255th Infantry Regiments
were attached to the 44th and 100th Infantry Divisions, respectively, both of which were
fighting in northern Alsace. On 1 January 1945, the Germans opened a furious offensive in
this region, and fierce and heavy fighting ensued as the Americans battled hard to stem the
German assault in bitter-cold weather. 3 January was a particularly rough day for the 255th
Infantry, as it suffered heavy casualties in conducting determined counterattacks.
Meanwhile, further south, the 254th Infantry Regiment had been attached to the famous 3rd
Infantry Division which was helping the French against the Germans in the Colmar Pocket. This
was a sizeable area the German 19th Army was holding onto in eastern Alsace, roughly halfway
between Strasbourg and the Swiss border, with the nucleus about the town of Colmar.
After numerous U.S. and French attacks and German counterattacks, an all-out offensive
was launched by the two Allies to eliminate this troublesome area, beginning 20 January 1945.
Operating on the north side of this pocket, the 254th Infantry joined in the attack on 22
January, and very tough combat followed. The 254th struggled forward through knee-deep snow
which concealed deadly land mines. These fiendish devices were designed to blow a man's
foot or leg off below the knee, and not a few men bled to death from these mortal wounds as
they laid in the deep snow.
The 254th soon became involved in the battle of Hill 216. Its men literally crawled up

this hill in the face of murderous machine-gun fire and took it. But many never made it to
the top. This was a very courageous feat of arms.
Dug-in German 88mm guns caused considerable losses as the 254th fought its way into the
key town of Jebsheim. The 254th then beat back vicious attacks by a regiment of the elite
Austrian 2nd Mountain Division, with much of the fighting at very close quarters.
The 3rd Division and the 254th Regiment held fast and, along with the 12th Armored and
28th and 75th Infantry Divisions, plus the French, began renewed powerful attacks. At one
point, the 254th captured over 500 prisoners, and the Germans were finally cleared out of
the Colmar area, their last remaining stronghold west of the Rhine in Alsace. This battle
has been described as one of the hardest fought campaigns on the Western Front. Major-Gen-
eral "Iron Mike" O'Daniel, commander of the 3rd Infantry Division, commended the 254th for
its valiant part in the struggle, and the entire regiment, as well as the entire 3rd Infan-
try Division, were later awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation.
Then, with the entire division reassembled, the 63rd pushed forward into the Saar area
near the Saar-Blies Rivers, near Sarreguemines. The division conducted local raids and pat-
rols, and then crossed the Saar River on 17 February 1945. This operation was in conjunction
with the 70th Infantry Division on its left (west) flank. The 63rd ran into strenuous Ger-
man opposition near Bliesranshach and beyond, and led the U.S. 7th Army advance onto German
soil for the first time. The 63rd captured the fortress town of Ormesheim, and also cleared
the enemy out of a sizeable wooded area.
Next, after bitter fighting at Bubingen in early-March, the 63rd smashed at the Siegfried
Line as one of a dozen 7th Army divisions attacking in an all-out offensive, beginning 15
March 1945. On the 63rd's left flank was the 70th Infantry Division, and on the right the
3rd Infantry Division. The Blood and Fire Division was the first 7th Army unit to break
through the Siegfried Line. After several days of heavy fighting it breached the line at
St. Ingbert and Hassel on 20 March. The 63rd then fought on to take Spiesen, Erbach, and the
sizeable town of Neunkirchen, before receiving several days of rest beginning on 23 March.
On 28 March 1945, the 63rd crossed the Rhine at Neuschloss. A pontoon bridge, constructed
by the engineers was in place, and the men and vehicles crossed unmolested.
Advancing to Viernheim, and then in conjunction with the 10th Armored Division, the 63rd
took the old university city of Heidelberg against hardly any resistance at all. In fact,
many of the people turned out to cheer on the Americans and throw flowers at them'---no
doubt, greatly because their city was spared the destruction which was the fate of almost
every other major city in Germany. This was on 30 March. The Nazis, who were great ones
for burning books, had always regarded Heidelberg as their principal seat of learning. Not
a single book was burned by the 63rd.
As April 1945 opened, the men who wore the blood-tipped sword headed east--and into very
heavy fighting in the Neckar River Valley, where the Germans resisted fiercely. Attacking
along a broad front over miles of hilly, wooded terrain, interlaced with steep ascents, riv-
ers, and streams, the 63rd, along with the 10th Armored and 100th Infantry Divisions, had to
battle hard to force a crossing of the Neckar. The 63rd, facing the much-battered, but still
formidable 17th SS Panzer Grenadier Division, severely mauled this enemy formation in the
Hardthauser Woods, but also suffered heavy losses, especially in the 253rd Infantry Regiment.
The 63rd's two Medal of Honor winners emerged from out of this fighting in the Neckar Valley.
On 6 April 1945, 1st Lieutenant James E. Robinson, Jr., was a field artillery forward ob-
server attached to Company A, 253rd Infantry Regiment, near Untergriesheim, Germany.
Eight hours of desperate fighting over open terrain swept by enemy machine-gun, mortar,
and small-arms fire had decimated Company A, and robbed it of its commanding officer and most
of its key enlisted personnel.
Lt Robinson rallied the remaining 23 uninjured riflemen and a few walking wounded and,
while carrying his heavy radio for communication with artillery batteries, led them in a
charge against a German objective. Ten enemy infantrymen in foxholes attempted to stop them,
but the gallant leader killed all 10 at point-blank range with rifle and pistol fire. They
swept all resistance from the area.
Shortly after, the lieutenant was ordered to seize the defended town of Kressbach. In
this advance, he was seriously wounded in the throat by a shell fragment. Despite great pain,
he refused medical treatment and continued the attack, directing artillery fire until he no
longer could speak. Only after the town had been taken, did he walk nearly two miles to an
aid station where he died from his wound, a lasting source of inspiration to the men he had

led in their trying ordeal. Lt Robinson's actions were in keeping with the highest tradit-
ions of the U.S. military.
Two days later, on 8 April 1945, when this fighting was at its worst, Company F, 253rd
Infantry, was advancing near the small town of Lobenbacherhof, when German machine-gun and
automatic rifle fire opened up on it from a hill on its right flank.
His platoon leader being wounded, Staff Sergeant John R. Crews, on his own initiative,
rushed this strongpoint with two other men. One of these men was killed and the other bad-
ly wounded, but he continued his assault up the hill in the face of terrific fire. Storm-
ing the well dug-in position, he killed 2 of the machine-gun crew at point-blank range with
his rifle, and wrested a gun from the hands of a German he had wounded. He then charged
the strongly emplaced automatic rifle. Although badly wounded in the thigh from crossfire
from the remaining enemy, he kept on and silenced the entire position with his accurate,
deadly rifle fire. His actions so unnerved the remaining enemy that 7 surrendered and the
others fled. Very fortunately, Sgt Crews lived to receive his Medal of Honor.
On 10 April, the 255th Infantry Regiment established a bridgehead across the Kocher River
which opened the way for the 10th Armored Division to pierce the Heilbronn Line. On 12 Ap-
ril, the 63rd forced the Neckar River, near Mosbach and the Jagst River.
Continuing the advance, the 63rd then began to pivot into a southeasterly direction with
the 254th Infantry Regiment in the outer rim of the attack (the furthest east). Heavy enemy
resistance slowed the attacks on Adelsheim, MBckmuhl, and Bad Wimpfen. After capturing
Lampoldshausen and then Weissbach, Schwabisch Hall fell by 17 April. This is a very hilly
and wooded region, and was full of areas for potential ambushes by the Germans. As.they
fell back, they imposed numerous delaying actions and roadblocks, as well as an occasional
counterattack on the men of the Blood and Fire Division. As German resistance became more
erratic and disorganized, the 63rd was one of the outfits that continued the pursuit relent-
lessly, striking at the near-beaten enemy forces. It chased the Germans through the prov-
ince of WUrttemberg, crossed the Rems River, and rushed toward the Danube.
However, the Germans still refused to believe they were licked, and resistance stiffened,
with the 63rd sustaining severe losses in the valley of the Danube. The 254th and 253rd
Infantry Regiments had some hard fighting before they could cross the Danube at GCnzburg and
Leipheim, respectively. At Leipheim, the Germans suddenly lashed back with a vicious count-
erattack including some armor, but with the help from elements of the 12th Armored Division,
which was fighting on the 63rd's eastern flank, the Germans were hurled back, and Leipheim
fell by noon on 26 April.
After crossing the Danube, the 63rd continued in hot pursuit to the southeast with the
253rd and 255th Infantry in the lead. Wertach was captured, and then Landsberg was reached
near the edge of the Bavarian Alps. It was here in prison that Hitler had written his book
"Mein Kampf". When the Americans arrived, the fortress, built to accommodate 500, was cram-
med with some 1,400 wretched prisoners of many nationalities. And the dead and dying lay
all over the camp. From the Rhine into Bavaria had cost the 63rd at least;400 men!
At noon on Sunday, 29 April 1945, nine days before V-E Day, the 63rd was relieved from
combat at Landsberg by the great 36th Infantry Division. It was a hard-earned and well-des-
erved rest. The 63rd had been in continuous contact with the enemy since 23 December 1944,
except for several days between the Siegfried Line breakthrough and the Rhine crossing. Al-
together, the division had captured 21,542 prisoners.
The 63rd, following the German surrender, was then assigned security duty within an area
from the Rhine on the west, between Darmstadt and Speyer, to Stuttgart and Wirzburg on the
east. Divisional headquarters was in Bad Mergentheia. The 63rd began leaving for home on
21 August 1945.
The 63rd Infantry Division---a truly first-class outfit.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--980
Distinguished Unit Citations---4 Killed In Action------844
Distinguished Service Crosses--5 Wounded 3,326
Silver Stars '435 Missing 98
Captured 219
Total Casualties-- 4,487

* One to the entire 254th Infantry Regiment--Colmar Pocket, Alsace, France


22 Dec 1 2 Jan 1 1 Feb 11 2 Mar 1111111
23 Dec 1 3 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111 28 2 Feb 1 3 Mar 11111111111111111 17
2 7 Jan 11 3 Feb 111 4 Mar 1111
8 Jan 1 4 Feb 111 5 Mar 111111
9 Jan 1 6 Feb 111 6 Mar 11
10 Jan 1 8 Feb 1 7 Mar 1111111111 10
11 Jan 11 9 Feb 1 8 Mar 1
15 Jan 1 10 Feb 1 9 Mar 1
16 Jan 1 15 Feb 1111111 12 Mar 111111
17 Jan 111 16 Feb 1111111111 10 13 Mar 1
21 Jan 1 17 Feb 1111111111 10 14 Mar 1
23 Jan 11111111 8 18 Feb 111111 15 Mar 1111111111111 13
24 Jan 11111 19 Feb 11 16 Mar 1111
25 Jan 111 20 Feb 1 17 Mar 11111111 8
26 Jan 111111 21 Feb 1 18 Mar 111111111 9
27 Jan 11111111111 11 23 Feb 111 19 Mar 1111111111111 14
28 Jan 1111 24 Feb 1111111111111 13 20 Mar 111111
29 Jan 111111111 9 25 Feb 11111 21 Mar 1
30 Jan 11 27 Feb 11 30 Mar 111
o0 28 Feb 1 31 Mar 111
76 117



APRIL 1945 MAY 194~5 JUNE 1915
1 Apr 111 1 May 1 7 June 1
2 Apr 11111111 8 2 May 1
3 Apr 1 1
4 Apr 111111 2
5 Apr 1111111
6 Apr 11111111 8
7 Apr 11111111111111111111111111 26
8 Apr 11111111111111111111111111111111 32
9 Apr 11111111111111111111111111111111111 353
10 Apr 11111 approx.
11 Apr 11111111 8 70Xmen
12 Apr 11111
13 Apr 111111
15 Apr 11111111111111111 17
16 Apr 1111111111111 13
17 Apr 111111111 9
18 Apr 1111
19 Apr 1111111
20 Apr 1111
22 Apr 1
25 Apr 1111
26 Apr 1111111111 10
29 Apr 11

*bloodiest day 9 April 19'45
bloodiest month April 1945
2nd bloodiest day 8 April 19145
3rd bloodiest day 3 January 1945
Total battle deaths-960
509 are listed=53.OC KIA-844#


Activated-16 August 1943
Inactivated-31 August 1945 in Germany
Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Rhineland Central Europe
Days In Combat-55
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Stanley E. Reinhart August 1943-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 65th Infantry Division landed at Le Havre, France, on 21 January
1945, and proceeded to Camp Lucky Strike, where training continued until 1 March. The
65th then moved forward to relieve the 26th Infantry Division in the right flank of the
U.S. 3rd Army front along the Saar River, near Saarlautern.
First elements entered the line on 5 March 1945, and the whole division took over an
aggressive defense from Orscholz to Wadgassen on 8 March.
After diversionary attacks commencing on 13 March 1945, the 261st Infantry Regiment
crossed the Saar, near Menningen, on 17 March. It cleared the heights south of Merzig,
and took Dillingen the following day. The rest of the 65th fought its way out of this
bridgehead, as the 259th Infantry Regiment captured Fraulautern, and the 260th Infantry
Regiment seized Saarlautern. Both of these regiments saw very heavy fighting, but the
260th Infantry had secured Saarlautern by the end of the day on 19 March 1945. It was
in this first major action of the 65th, that it had a Medal of Honor winner, Pfc Fred-
erick C. Murphy, Medical Detachment, 259th Infantry Regiment, at Saarlautern, Germany.
An aid man, he was wounded in the right shoulder soon after the attack jumped-off.
He refused to withdraw from the battle, and administered first aid under heavy artillery,
mortar, and machinegun fire. When his company ran into a minefield and suffered further
casualties, he unhesitatingly braved the danger of exploding mines, and moved about in
heavy fire, helping the wounded, until he stepped on a mine which severed one of his feet.
Inspite of this grievous wound, he struggled on with his work, crawling from man to
man while bleeding profusely and in great pain. As he made an effort to reach another
casualty, he dragged across another mine and was killed in the explosion.
With indomitable courage and supreme spirit of self-sacrifice, Pfc Murphy saved many
of his fellow soldiers at the cost of his own life. His actions were in keeping with
the highest traditions of the U.S. military.
By 20 March 1945, the Siegfried Line defenses, in the 65th's zone, had begun to crack.
On 21 March, the 65th took the sizeable town of Neunkirchen, in conjunction with the 63rd
Infantry Division.
Closing into the Schwabenheim area, the 65th crossed the Rhine during the night of 29-
30 March 1945. The city of Wiesbaden, west of Frankfurt, fell against negligible resist-
ance. The 65th was now under Patton's 3rd Army.
The 65th attacked across the Fulda, 2 April 1945, in the wake of the 6th Armored Div-
ision, advanced north-northeast toward central Germany. The division reached the Reich-

ensachen-Langenhain line, 3 April, where it rested as armor with road priority passed it.
On this same day the 259th Infantry crossed the Werra River, in central Germany, and con-
tinued on to the Greuzberg area on 4 April 1945.
Advancing almost due east, the 65th assaulted Langensalza, which was taken on 6 April,
but a German counterattack overran a battalion of the 261st Infantry Regiment at Struth,
on 7 April 1945. The situation was restored with air support, and the 65th went into
reserve, 8 April 1945, moving to Berka on the 10th.
The 65th moved to Waltershausen, 11 April, and then mopped-up stragglers at Arnstadt.
On 17 April 1945, the division assembled in Bamberg, and attacked toward Altdorf with the
259th and 260th Infantry Regiments the next day.
There was some sharp combat on 20 April 1945, as the 65th headed toward southeastern
Bavaria. Neumarkt was taken on 23 April, and the division then advanced south toward the
Danube River.
The 65th forced the Danube four miles below the city of Regensburg against strong opp-
osition, especially against the 261st Infantry Regiment, 26 April 1945. The 260th Infan-
try Regiment took Regensburg the following day, as the 13th Armored Division passed through
its sector.
The 65th crossed the Isar River, at Plattling, on 1 May 1945. The 261st Infantry rea-
ched the Inn River, at the picturesque town of Passau, next to the Austrian border, 2 May
1945, and assaulted across the Inn at Neuhaus. Passau fell the next day, and the 261st
Infantry pushed toward the city of Linz, Austria. Meanwhile, the 260th Infantry mopped-
up a local woods between Sandbach and Passau. The Inn River crossings were completed on
4 May 1945. The 260th Infantry entered Linz on 5 May 1945. The llth Armored Division
had already been fighting in the city. The 261st Infantry reached the Enns River, deep
in central Austria. These first days of May 1945, for the 65th, were marked by German
troops surrendering enmasse in some areas, and still fierce fighting in others.
On 7 May 1945, one day before V-E Day, a patrol from the 259th Infantry crossed the
Enns, and proceeded on to Unterwinden and Haag.
On the afternoon of 8 May 1945, V-E Day, the 65th met the Russians near Strengberg,
Austria. After this, the 65th moved back to Linz, under a separate occupation agreement.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-- Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--261
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 0 Killed In Action-----233
Distinguished Service Crosses--1 Wounded 927
Silver Stars 77 Missing 3
Captured 67
Total Casualties--1,230



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
5 Mar 1 1 Apr 11 1 May 1
7 Mar 11 2 Apr 11 2 May 111111
8 Mar 11 4 Apr 111 3 May 1
10 Mar 11 5 Apr 1 4 May 111111111111 12
11 Mar 111 6 Apr 11 5 May 111
12 Mar 11 7 Apr 1111111111 10
13 Mar 11 8 Apr 1
15 Mar 111 20 Apr 111111111 9
16 Mar 11 21 Apr 111
17 Mar 1 22 Apr 11
18 Mar 11111111111111111111111111111i 30* 24 Apr 11
19 Mar 1111111111111111111 19 approx. 26 Apr 11111111111111111111 20
20 Mar 1 50Amen 27 Apr 1
70 59

*bloodiest day 18 March 1945
bloodiest month March 1945
2nd bloodiest day 26 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day 19 March 1945
Total battle deaths 261
152 are listed=58.2% KIA-231


Activated-15 April 1943

Returned To United States-6 November 1945

Inactivated--8 November 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Brittany

Days In Combat--91

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Herman F. Kramer April 1943-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 66th Infantry Division arrived in England, late-November to early-
December 1944. On 24 December, the division began crossing the English Channel to Cher-
bourg, France. A German U-boat fired a torpedo into one of the transport ships, and 14
officers and 748 enlisted men were lost.
Upon reaching France, the 66th was assigned to relieve the 94th Infantry Division, be-
ginning 29 December 1944, and take over the important, if not glamorous mission, of cont-
aining 50,000 Germans in the ports of Lorient and St. Nazaire, on the south coast of Britt-
any. These German troops remained a constant security threat not only to the rear of the
Allied Lines, but also, to the local populace, as long as they refused to surrender. Most
of these Germans were first-rate troops.
With each side in a highly frustrating situation, there occurred many sharp patrol clash-
es and frequent artillery duels. The 66th, for the most part, limited its activities to
containing actions, rather than mounting unnecessary and costly attacks into the German
lines. And, for the most part, also, the Germans stayed put. However, on 16 April 1945,
they launched a heavy attack near La Croix, but this was repulsed with heavy casualties to
the Germans. The 66th then commenced a number of limited attacks and took several strongly
emplaced German positions between 19-29 April 1945. During all this time, the Black Panth-
ers were greatly aided by the French Forces of the Interior (FFI)..
The German troops in the Lorient and St. Nazaire pockets surrendered to the 66th upon the
end of hostilities in Europe on 8 May 1945. This action also freed 180,000 French civilians
who had been trapped in these German held areas.
The 66th then moved into Germany for occupational duty in the Koblenz area, and then was
sent south to Marseille, France, the task of the division being to see that this port of em-
barkation, from which American troops flowed toward home and to the Pacific, was kept runn-
ing smoothly. The 66th sailed for home on 27 October 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--O Casualties: Total Battle Deaths---800
Distinguished Unit Citations--- Killed In Action---- 795
Distinguished Service Crosses--O Wounded -636
Silver Stars 78 Missing- 0
Captured 21
Total Casualties---1,452


24 Dec 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 395X=762iiien

6 Jan 1 2 Feb 1 1 Mar 11 1 Apr 1
11 Jan 11 7 Feb 1 5 Mar 1 4 Apr 1
15 Jan 1 9 Feb 1 6 Mar 1 10 Apr 11
22 Jan 1 15 Feb 1 7 Mar 1111 14 Apr 11
27 Jan 1 18 Feb 11 8 Mar 1 17 Apr 1
6 20 Feb 111 29 Mar 11 19 Apr 111
23 Feb 1 11 22 Apr 1
24 Feb 1 26 Apr 1
28 Feb 11 12

Itbloodiest day 24 December 191144
bloodiest month December 19'4
2nd bloodiest day 7 March 1945
Total battle deaths 804
437 are listed=54.3% KIA-799

69TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Fighting 69th"

Activated-15 May 1943
Returned To United States-13 September 1945
Inactivated-16 September 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Rhineland Central Germany
Days In Combat-86
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Emil F. Reinhardt September 1944-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 69th Infantry Division, activated at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, on
15 May 1943, arrived in England, on 12 December 1944, and moved to near Winchester.
On 24 January 1945, the 69th landed at Le Havre, France. From there, it moved through
Belgium, relieving the 99th Infantry Division on 12 February 1945, and holding defensive
positions in the Siegfried Line. This was in the U.S. 1st Army sector of the front.
Some of the positions occupied by the infantry and artillery were in the pillboxes
themselves. The roads were rough and muddy, and it rained and snowed much of the time,
with the Germans harrassing the men of the 69th with artillery and "screaming meemies"
(nebelwerfers--or multiple rockets). Intensive patrolling was carried out until 27
February 1945.
On 27 February 1945, the 69th went over to the attack with two regiments abreast.
The main mission was to seize and hold the high ground between Honningen and Gescheid.
This objective was taken by 1100 hours, and six towns were overrun including Hbnningen,
Gescheid, Buschem, and Dickerscheid. This advance also facilitated use of the Hellenthal-
Hollerath Highway. The Germans were blasted very heavily with artillery in this attack,
but the 69th still sustained heavy casualties.
On 7 March 1945, the 69th resumed the attack on a 2,000 yard front, taking Schmidtheim
and Dahlem, and capturing over 200 prisoners.
From 9-21 March 1945, the division engaged in mopping-up activities. This period was
brightened somewhat by the fact that the 69th was able to locate and liberate some supp-
lies of excellent Rhine wine.
Then, against ineffectual resistance, the 69th resumed its advance to the Rhine. It
took Jamberg, crossed the large river, and captured the ancient fortress of Ehrenbreit-
stein, as well as the Lahn River towns of Bad Ems and Nassau, on 27 March.
Advancing into central Germany, the 69th relieved the 80th Infantry Division in the
city of Kassel, on 5 April 1945. It then took two days of bitter fighting to take the
heavily defended town of Hann-MUnden. The attack continued eastward through the province
of northern Thuringia via Schlotheim, Kblleda, and Naumburg, until slowed down and then
stopped by fanatical resistance in the sizeable town of Weissenfels, which fell on 14 Ap-
ril. The 272nd Infantry Regiment also reached the Weisse River at Luetzkewitz.
Continuing further to the east, the 69th, in conjunction with the 2nd Infantry Division,
approached the city of Leipzig, which was ringed with numerous 88mm guns geared to fire
flat trajectory, and considerable fighting developed just outside the city, in the area
of Zwenkau. Upon entering Leipzig, the 69th, along with tanks of the 9th Armored Division,

fought a fierce battle, notably at the railroad station (the largest in Germany) and at
the base of Napoleon's Monument, a huge building held by fanatical, die-hard Germans.
Both places were massive structures built of heavy masonry and stone from which artillery
shells actually bounced or were deflected off: They were tough places to reduce, but af-
ter being blasted by tanks and self-propelled guns, plus infantry assaults, the Germans
finally surrendered on 19 April 1945. But the fighting in, and around, Leipzig, had cost
the 69th heavy losses--among other losses, 107 men killed in action or died of wounds.
Six hours after the fall of Leipzig, the 69th continued on east, relieving the 9th
Armored Division, and securing the east bank of the Mulde River. Little opposition was
met except at Eilenburg, where fresh German troops were encountered. The 69th couldn't
see losing any more men this late in the war than absolutely necessary, so the town was
blasted with more than 10,000 rounds of white phosphorus and high explosive artillery
shells. Needless to say, there wasn't much left of Eilenburg (formerly 20,000) after
this. The town fell on 23 April 1945.
On 25 April 1945, sizeable patrols of the 69th continued east to the Elbe River,
where contact was made with the Russian 58th Guards Division near Leckwitz, Torgau, and
Strehla. And so, the 69th had the distinction of being the first American division to
link-up with the Red Army.
The 69th was then given occupational duties until leaving for home in September 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--384
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 0 Killed In Action---- 341
Distinguished Service Crosses--3 Wounded 1,146
Silver Stars 112 Missing 9
Captured 10
Total Casualties--1,506


69TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Fighting 69th"

FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
11 Feb 1 1 Mar 1111111111111111 17 5 Apr 1111111 6 May 1
18 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 6 Apr 1111
19 Feb 111 4 Mar 1 7 Apr 1111111111111 13
20 Feb 11 5 Mar 1 8 Apr 11
22 Feb 1111111111111111111111111 25- 6 Mar 111 9 Apr 11
25 Feb 1 approx. 7 Mar 111111111 9 11 Apr 11
26 Feb 1 4.5*men 8 Mar 1 12 Apr 111
27 Feb 11111 23 Mar 1 13 Apr 11111111 8
28 Feb 11111111111111111111111 23 4 4 Apr 1
62 15 Apr 1111
16 Apr 11111111111111111111111 23
17 Apr 11111111 8
18 Apr 111111111111111 15
19 Apr 111111111 9
21 Apr 1
22 Apr 1111
23 Apr 111111
24 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 22 February 1945
bloodiest month April 1945
2nd bloodiest day -28 February and 16 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day-- 1 March 1945
Total battle deaths 384
210 are listed=54.6% KIA-352


Activated-15 June 1943

Returned To United States-lO October 1945

Inactivated-11 October 1945

Battle Credits, World War III Alsace Siegfried Line Saar Rhineland

Days In Combat-83

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Allison J. Barnett July 1944-July 1945

Combat Chronicles The 70th Infantry Division had an axe blade as its shoulder patch in-
signia, and it was a very appropriate one, for its men were axemen to the Wehrmacht. From
the time the 70th entered combat, until the German capitulation, the Trailblazers never
suffered a major setback.
The 70th was activated at Camp Adair, Oregon, on 15 June 1943. Its shoulder patch bears
an axe in recognition of the pioneers who travelled the Oregon Trail to the Willamette Val-
ley (site of Camp Adair), a snowy mountain for Oregon's Mt. Hood, and a fir tree, symboliz-
ing the 91st Infantry Division, from which officers and cadre of the 70th were drawn, prior
to its activation. The 70th's recruits came largely from New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Minnesota, and Missouri.
After extensive training at Camp Adair and at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, the 70th left
the Boston port of embarkation at the beginning of December 1944. The division arrived in
Marseille, France, 10-15 December 1944, and was code named Task Force Herren. The divis-
ion's three infantry regiments began relieving the 63rd Infantry Division along the west
bank of the Rhine between Seltz and Gambeheim on 28 December 1944. This area is in the
more northeastern part of Alsace.
The 70th was just in time to help stop the German offensive in northern Alsace which
began on New Year's Eve, 1944. Shortly after midnight, 1 January 1945, the 275th Infantry
Regiment was ordered to attack. From Bitche to Haguenau, the Krauts were smashing south,
plowing over snow-covered hills. With the Battle of the Bulge raging to the northwest, it
was a crucial time for the Allies in Europe.
The Trailblazers, shifting to the west away from the Rhine, first struck at the Germans
at Phillipebourg. The snow-covered hills were steep, the forests thick, and the weather
was freezing. Increasing enemy infiltration eventually broke contact between four compan-
ies of the 275th Infantry, and innumerable fragmentary gueniU3a-like actions resulted. But
Phillipsbourg was recaptured in savage house-to-house fighting.
On 4 January 1945, the Germans had infiltrated an estimated 800 troopers from the 6th SS
Mountain Division "Nord" into Wingen-sur-Moder, west of Phillipsbourg. Their mission was
to establish contact with enemy forces to the north and hold fast. Nearly 150 men of the
276th Infantry Regiment were captured when the Germans cut their lines of communication

which channelled through Wingen. The German strategy made imperative the recapture of
Wingen by the Americans.
Jumping-off before noon, 4 January, the 70th's attack made slow progress against wither-
ing automatic weapons fire. But by the next day, the 70th had completely surrounded Wingen.
Anti-tank guns were hauled over mountain trails, the only routes available, and lowered
from icy cliffs.
Spearheaded by the 274th Infantry Regiment, the attack was launched at dawn. The Ger-
mans were eliminated in a hard-fought 3-day battle, and American prisoners who had been
forced to serve as litter bearers for the Germans were freed. SS men wearing American uni-
forms were dealt with accordingly. (They were shot). And so, the German attempt to cut-
off the U.S. 7th Army from the rear had been thwarted, and one of the main northern prongs
of the German advance was broken.
In mid-January 1945, the 70th moved to an area directly south of Saarbricken, where it
carried out reconnaissance and combat patrolling, and improved defensive positions. Mean-
while, the German offensive in Alsace was gradually sputtering out.
On 17 February 1945, in conjunction with the 63rd Infantry Division on its right (east-
ern) flank, the 70th began an attack just below the Saar River. Oeting, Kerbach, and Etz-
ling fellin quick succession to the 276th and 274th Infantry, while in the right flank the
275th Infantry fought bitterly for Lixing and Grossbliederstroff.
The drive on Saarbriicken was a nightmare from the outset. From a distance the bright
yellow shu-mines looked like a field of daffodils, and tanks couldn't move up to give the
infantry the support they needed. It was tough fighting, but the 70th drove on into the
high ground overlooking Saarbricken, and then smashed into Forbach. It was bitter house-
to-house battling as German rockets blasted unmercifully at the men of the 70th.
After seizing Forbach, the Trailblazers slugged forward to take Spicheren Heights and,
beginning on 22 February, felt the full fury of numerous counterattacks, all of which were
beaten back. The heights were held in very strenuous fighting.
Known as "Hitler's Holy Ground", the heights had sentimental as well as military value
to the Germans. German soldiers are buried here where they had fought the French in the
Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. It was at this point that Hitler first set foot in France,
following his accession to power. On Christmas Day, 1939, during the "phony war", Der Fiih-
rer cautiously advanced a few hundred yards into France, and spoke a few words to his foll-
Spicheren Heights overlooks the town of Styring-Wendel. In liberating this town, the
70th freed nearly 1,000 Allied prisoners of war, including French, Poles, Czechs, Yugoslavs,
and Russians. This was one of the first, if not the first, deliverances of Allied POWs on
the Western Front.
The 70th then poked all the way to the Saar. So far, the division had captured 18 towns,
2,034 prisoners, and had repulsed 29 counterattacks.
Then, on 15 March 1945, the 7th Army launched its major offensive into the Siegfried Line.
On the left flank of the 70th was the 65th Infantry Division, and on the right the 63rd Inf-
antry Division. Anti-tank ditches, roadblocks, demolitions, and furious enemy resistance
failed to stop the 70th which slashed forward across the Saar River. The city of Saarbrick-
en (population 133,000) was captured on 20 March. Among the prisoners taken were Prince
August, son of the former Kaiser Wilhelm, and Julius Lippert, Lord Mayor of Berlin. One of
the division's artillery shells had severed the lines leading to German demolition charges
under the Altbriick Bridge. When the Germans attempted to blow-up this span, the charges
failed to detonate. Accurate fire kept them from restoring the demolition system.
The 70th followed up the capture of Saarriicken with the taking of the sizeable town of
Volkiingen, and other Saarland towns and villages.
In April, while other 7th Army divisions were crossing the Rhine, the 70th performed a
very commendable job in the reduction of the Saar Basin. The Trailblazers became well-
known to the American public for their fighting in the Saar. Among other newspapers print-
ing stories on them was the New York Post which devoted a full column on the 70th, and the
Minneapolis Tribune which printed a front page map of the unit's assault on Saarbriicken.
After the reduction of the Saar Basin, the 70th was assigned security duty along the mid-
dle Rhine, with its base at Frankfurt. At this time, the 70th was under 3rd Army command.

After V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 70th was engaged in occupational duties, with command
posts at Frankfurt, Bad Kreuznach, Otterberg, and Oranienstein. The 70th left for home
in October 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-- Casualties: Total Battle Deaths---87
Distinguished Unit Citations-- Killed In Action---- 755
Distinguished Service Crosses-13 Wounded- 2,713
Silver Stars 228 Missing 54
Captured 397
Total Casualties- 3,919



1 Jan 1111 6 Feb 11111 1 Mar 111 5 Apr 1
2 Jan 111111 7 Feb 111111111111111111111 21 3 Mar 1111111111111 13 16 Apr 1
3 Jan 11111111111111 14 8 Feb 1 4 Mar 1111111 26 Apr 1
4 Jan 1111111111111111111111 22 15 Feb 1 5 Mar 111111
5 Jan 11111111111111111111111111111 29* 17 Feb 1111111111111111 16 6 Mar 111111111 9 3
6 Jan 11111 approx. 18 Feb 1111111111111 13 7 Mar 111
7 Jan 1111111111111111111 19 60hmen 19 Feb 1111111111 10 8 Mar 11 MAY 1945
8 Jan 111111 20 Feb 11111111111111111 17 9 Mar 11
9 Jan 11111 21 Feb 1111111111111111111 19 10 Mar 1 3 May 1
10 Jan 11111111 8 22 Feb 11111111111111 14 11 Mar 11 1
11 Jan 11111111111111 14 23 Feb 111111111111111111111 21 12 Mar 1
12 Jan 111111111111 12 24 Feb 111111111111111 15 14 Mar 11111
13 Jan 1111111111 10 25 Feb 111111111 9 15 Mar 11111111111111 14
14 Jan 111 26 Feb 11111 16 Mar 11111111 8
15 Jan 1111 27 Feb 11 17 Mar 111
16 Jan 111 28 Feb 111111 19 Mar 111
17 Jan 11 5 20 Mar 1
18 Jan 1 17 25 Mar 1
19 Jan 11 28 Mar 1
20 Jan 1
21 Jan 1
29 Jan 1
31 Jan 1

*-bloodiest day 5 January 1945
bloodiest month February 1945
2nd bloodiest day I- January 1945
3rd bloodiest day 7 and 23 February 1945
Total battle deaths 840
437 are listed=52.0% KIA-758


Activated-15 July 1943

Returned To United States-10 March 1946

Inactivated-12 March 1946

Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Rhineland Central Europe

Days In Combat-62

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Willard G. Wyman November 1944--August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 71st Infantry Division arrived at Le Havre, France, on 6 February
1945. Heading east, the 71st relieved the 100th Infantry Division at Ratswiller in north-
ern Alsace, in the 7th Army area.
The 71st first saw action on 11 March 1945, and on the 15th, the division took part in
the 7th Army offensive through the Siegfried Line, with the 100th Infantry Division on its
left flank and the 42nd Infantry Division on the right. The weather was still bitter cold,
besides the enemy resistance, but by the 21st, the Red Circle had captured the large town
of Pirmasens, and liberated 8,000 slave laborers.
After clearing up pockets of German resistance in the Hardt Mountains, west of the Rhine,
the 71st crossed that large river at Oppenheim on 30 March 1945.
Advancing northeast into central Germany, the 71st had a fierce battle with a large body
of German SS mountain troops in the region of BUdingen, in the first days of April. In fact,
3 April 1945 was the 71st's bloodiest day in combat. About 2,700 prisoners from this SS
unit were taken prisoner by the 71st.
Passing through Fulda, the 71st advanced eastward for awhile through the southern part of
Thuringia. It took Coburg unopposed, and then cut the Berlin-Munich autobahn on 13 April.
This was the main highway escape route of high-ranking Nazis and other German officials flee-
ing Berlin, south to the Bavarian Alps. In this advance the 71st bagged upwards of 30 Ger-
man generals. Then Bayreuth was captured, 16 April, after fierce opposition.
Now advancing southeast, the 71st headed into east-central Bavaria, and was placed under
the U.S. 3rd Army.
The 71st passed through Trockau and Pegnitz on 17 April. On the 18th, it destroyed Schon-
feld, and then took Sulzbach-Rosenberg. Crossing the Naab River at Kallmiinz on the 24th,
the division then crossed the Danube in assault boats on the 26th. In conjunction with the
65th Infantry Division, the 71st captured the city of Regensburg after considerable fighting
on 27 April 1945.
Against increasingly disorganized resistance, the 71st crossed the Isar River, 29 April,
and by 2 May had entered Austria. Although the war in Europe was almost over, the 71st sus-
stained casualties almost to the very end. For example, on 6 May 1945, the 71st lost 7 men
killed in action.
Ranging deep into Austria, the 71st reached the Enns River and organized and occupied def-
ensive positions. To the north was the 65th Infantry Division and to the south the 80th Inf-
antry Division. The Russians were contacted on V-E Day, 8 May 1945. The 71st was then ass-
igned occupational duties in Augsburg, Germany, west of Munich.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-- Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-169
Distinguished Unit Citations- 0 Killed In Action- 150
Distinguished Service Crosses-9 Wounded 643
Silver Stars 180 Missing 9
Captured 19
Total Casualties- 821



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 AUGUST 1945
13 Mar 11 1 Apr 11 3 May 111 4 Aug 1
15 Mar 11 3 Apr 11111111111111111111111 23* 4 May 1
17 Mar 11 4 Apr 1 approx. 5 May 1 1
18 Mar 1 5 Apr 11 40omen 6 May 111
24 Mar 1 7 Apr 11 31 May 1
25 Mar 11111111111 11 11 Apr 11
26 Mar 1111 12 Apr 1
28 Mar 11111 14 Apr 11
28 15 Apr 1111
18 Apr 11
19 Apr 1
20 Apr 1111111
21 Apr 111
22 Apr 1
24 Apr 111
26 Apr 111
27 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 3 April 1945
bloodiest month -April 1945
2nd bloodiest day 25 March 1945
3rd bloodiest day 20 April 1945
Total battle deaths 169
101 are listed=59.7% KIA-150


Activated-15 April 1943

Returned To United States-18 November 1945

Inactivated-26 November 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Ardennes Alsace Rhineland Ruhr Pocket

Days In Combat-94

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Fay B. Prickett August 1943-January 1945
Maj-Gen Ray E. Porter January-June 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 75th Infantry Division finished training at Camp Breckinridge,
Kentucky, on 15 October 1944, and, after leaving Camp Shanks, New York, on the 22nd, left
New York harbor and arrived in England on 3 November 1944. The 75th landed at Le Havre
and Rouen, France, on 13 December, and bivouacked at Yvetot on the 14th.
The 75th was supposed to have went to the 9th Army, but when the German counteroffensive
began in the Ardennes on 16 December 1944, the division was rushed to the front and took up
positions along the Ourthe River in eastern Belgium on 23 December 1944.
The 75th's initiation to combat was both a very bloody and bitter-cold experience. It
seized Grandmenil, 26 December against heavy resistance. Blinding snowstorms and heavy
drifting added to the terrain difficulties. Snowdrifts often filled ravines so as to make
them unnoticeable until men and equipment disappeared from sight. Movement was especially
rough at night, and minefields in the snow were hard to detect.
Between 27 December 1944-1 January 1945, the 289th and 290th Infantry Regiments were att-
ached to the 3rd Armored Division. Part of the 12th SS Panzer Division filtered in between
units of the 289th and penetrated to Sadzot, before being stopped by strong counterattacks.
Casualties were heavy on both sides.
Then, on 2 January 1945, the U.S. 1st Army began a strong offensive on the northern flank
of the Bulge to throw back the Germans, and the 75th advanced to the Salm River where it re-
lieved the great-fighting 82nd Airborne Division on 8 January.
In the bitter cold, the 75th strengthened its defensive positions until 15 January, when
it again went over to the offensive. Opposing enemy units were the 62nd and 326th Volks-
grenadier Divisions. The 75th cleared Salmchiteau and Bech, and helped take the important
bastion of Vielsalm in bitter fighting. After advancing to St. Vith and seeing combat in
that area, the division was pulled out of the line for a short rest.
In one month of bitter combat in the Battle of the Bulge, the 75th suffered losses includ-
ing 407 men killed in action and 1,707 wounded. The intense cold had been as serious an
antagonist as the Germans. Non-battle casualties, mostly trench foot, frostbite, and cold
injury, accounted for 2,633 more men. Despite all of this, the 75th was now a battle-hard-
ened fighting division, blooded in the snow, hills, valleys, towns, and forests of the Ard-
Next, the 75th was sent by rail to enter the battle in the Colmar Pocket, in east-central
Alsace. Several American divisions were loaned out to help the French 1st Army eliminate

this troublesome area the Germans were still holding west of the Rhine, and the 75th was one.
This battle was a hard-fought and bloody one. The German 19th Army had had plenty of
time to build-up some very strong defenses, the snow was knee-deep with considerable drift-
ing, and the Germans had planted numerous mines.
The primary mission of the 75th was to cover the right flank of the 3rd Infantry Divis-
ion in its attack southeast toward the Rhine.
After the initial assault had opened on 22 January 1945, the 75th joined in the battle
on 1 February by taking Horbourg and Andolsheim in fierce house-to-house fighting. In Hor-
bourg, snipers installed in the church steeple were eliminated by destroying the steeple
with a bazooka. The Germans counterattacked, but were repulsed.
On 2 February, the 75th overcame stubborn opposition in the Colmar Forest and, by the
5th, had taken Wolfgantzen and Appenwihr. Pushing southeast, the 75th crossed the Rh8ne-
Rhine Canal without resistance, 7 February, and by the 10th, the battle was over except for
mopping-up actions. The Germans lost their last stronghold west of the Rhine in Alsace,
and suffered around 30,000 casualties in the overall battle.
After a short rest in Luneville, Lorraine, the 75th was moved up far to the north and
returned to combat. The division relieved the British 6th Airborne Division on a 24-mile
front along the Maas River, near Roermond, in southeast Holland, beginning 21 February 1945.
Reconnaissance and numerous patrol actions were conducted and, at times, the 75th was sub-
jected to heavy artillery fire.
Then, as the Americans slashed to the Rhine, the 75th patrolled a sector along the west
bank from Wesel to Homburg, between 13-23 March, and probed enemy defenses at night. At
this time, the 75th was under the U.S. 9th Army.
Then, on 24 March 1945, the 75th crossed the Rhine in the wake of the 30th and 79th Inf-
antry Divisions. For the next two weeks the 75th battled inside the Ruhr Pocket against
very heavy opposition from elements of 4 different German divisions--the 180th and 190th
Infantry, the 116th Panzer, and the reconstituted 2nd Parachute. Though badly understrength,
the last two formations were still among the best that Germany had left.
The 75th cleared the Haard Forest, 1 April, and crossed the Ems-Dortmund Canal on the 4th.
Two slave-labor camps were liberated containing some 3,000 inmates.
The 75th then ran into prolonged and furious fighting in the northern portion of the huge
Ruhr Pocket. Battling over difficult terrain in the vicinity of the city of Dortmund, it
was some of the heaviest resistance encountered by any U.S. unit during this big battle.
At first, the 75th contained Dortmund, while fighting to take the smaller town of Witten,
just to the southwest. The 75th had its hands full, and after several days of heavy fight-
ing, a very large task force battled to the east to link-up with the hard-pressed division.
This powerful force included one regiment of the 17th Airborne Division, and the 8th Armored
and 79th and 95th Infantry Divisions and the 15th Cavalry Group. A gestapo headquarters was
destroyed by the 75th at Annen after hard fighting, and by 12 April, the Germans had fallen
back south of the Ruhr River. By now, the 95th Infantry Division was on the 75th's left
flank and the 79th Infantry Division on the right.
The attack continued against stubborn opposition over rough, hilly terrain. Several
smaller towns were taken by the 75th, all against bitter resistance. At last, in one final
burst of energy, the 75th and 95th surged forward and took Dortmund. After taking Herdecke,
the 75th moved to Brambauer for rest and rehabilitation, and then security duty.
On V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 75th was at Liitgen, Germany, and, shortly after, set up occu-
pational headquarters in Werdohl. Later, the division moved out to operate an assembly area
for other troops being returned to the United States. The 75th left for home in November

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--932
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 0 Killed In Action------817
Distinguished Service Crosses--- Wounded 3,314
Silver Stars 193 Missing 77
Captured 116
Total Casualties----,324



24 Dec 111111111111111 15 2 Jan 111111
25 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 3 Jan 11111
26 Dec 111111 4 Jan 111
27 Dec 1111111 5 Jan 111111111 9
28 Dec 111111111 9 6 Jan 1111
29 Dec 11 7 Jan 11111111 8
31 Dec 11 9 Jan 1111
3 12 Jan 1111111
13 Jan 11
14 Jan 11
15 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 55
16 Jan 111111111111111 15 approx. 100men
17 Jan 11111111111111111111 20
18 Jan 11111111111 11
19 Jan 1111111111111 13
20 Jan 1111111111111111111111 22
21 Jan 11
22 Jan 11111111 8
23 Jan 1111
24 Jan 11111
25 Jan 11111
31 Jan 1



1 Feb 11111111111111 14 1 Mar 11 1 Apr 11
2 Feb 1111111111 10 6 Mar 1 2 Apr 11111111 8
3 Feb 11111111111111111111111 23 9 Mar 1 3 Apr 11
4 Feb 111111111111111 15 11 Mar 1 4 Apr 111
5 Feb 11111111 8 13 Mar 1111111 5 Apr 1
6 Feb 1111111 16 Mar 1 6 Apr 11111111111111111111 20
7 Feb 1 18 Mar 11 7 Apr 1111
8 Feb 1 19 Mar 11 8 Apr 1111111
17 Feb 1 21 Mar 11 9 Apr 111111
24 Feb 1 25 Mar 1 10 Apr 111
25 Feb 11 26 Mar 1 11 Apr 11111111 8
26 Feb 1111 28 Mar 1 12 Apr 1111
28 Feb 111 29 Mar 111 13 Apr 11
90 30 Mar 11 18 Apr 1
31 Mar 1111111111 10 25 Apr 111111
37 26 Apr 1

*bloodiest day -15 January 1945
bloodiest month January 1945
2nd bloodiest day 3 February 1945
3rd bloodiest day 25 December 1944; 20 January 1945
Total battle deaths 922
479 are listed=51.9% KIA-818


Activated (WW II)-15 June 1942

Inactivated-31 August 1945 in Germany

Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Rhineland Central Germany

Days In Combat-107

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen William R. Schmidt December 1942-July 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 76th Infantry Division, also nicknamed the "Onaway Division", was
composed of men from every state of the Union. After extensive training in the United
States, the 76th arrived in England on 20 December 1944, where it received some additional
training. The division landed at Le Havre, France, 12 January 1945, and after moving to
near Reims, and then Champlon, Belgium, prepared for combat.
The 76th was placed under the 3rd Army, and relieved the 87th Infantry Division in def-
ensive positions along the Sauer and Moselle Rivers in eastern Luxembourg, toward the end
of the Battle of the Bulge, on 25 January 1945. At this time, the valiant 4th Infantry
Division was on the left flank, and to the right was the 2nd Cavalry Group.
Mines were a nightmare of worry, not lessened by the fact that the earth was blanketed
with snow. And directly ahead of the 76th, across the rivers, was the Siegfried Line. Fac-
ing the 76th was the 212th Volksgrenadier Division.
In early-February, in conjunction with the great 5th Infantry Division, the 76th crossed
the icy Sauer from Luxembourg into Germany in a magnificent feat of arms. The Sauer River,
ordinarily a meandering, slumbersome stream, was in February 1945 a raging torrent fed by
heavy rains and thawing snow, and anywhere from 90-180 feet wide.
From the very start of the attack there was enemy mortar and artillery fire. Some assau-
lt boats were damaged, some were swept downriver, while others capsized. Barbed wire abut-
ted the river and when the men got to the other side (those who made it) they were caught
up in it.
On 8 February, the 301st Engineer Battalion began a pontoon bridge across the Sauer, and,
despite casualties, after much concentated labor, saw the rest of the 76th march across. The
men who sometimes jokingly called themselves "the Bell Telephone outfit", because of the de-
sign of their shoulder patch, were the first American troops to enter Germany from Luxemboug,
Near Bitburg, Germany, the 76th cleared the east bank of the Prim River, went south to
take Irrel, Wolsfeld, and Alsdorf, and then drove a salient across a highway linking Bitburg
with the city of Trier, and contributing greatly to Trier's ultimate capture.
Inside Germany, joining up with the 10th Armored Division, the Liberty Bell made two
crossings of the Moselle River, pushing to 17 miles north of Trier, and adding such towns
as Butzweiler, Binsfeld, Herscherforst, and Arrenrath to its bag.
As the winter wore on, the 76th found itself mixed up in some heavy fighting. In one
sector, 3,000 meters square, the 76th cleaned out a total of 131 German pillboxes.
By 25 February 1945, the advance continued across the Prim and Nims Rivers. Katzenkopf
Fortress fell on the 28th, and the attack pushed on, reaching the Moselle again by 3 March.

Driving across the Kyll against heavy resistance, and advancing along the north bank of the
twisting, winding Moselle, the 76th took Hosten, 3 March, and several other towns by thel0th.
The 76th then crossed the Moselle on 18 March, near MiUlheim, and into the northern part
of the Palatinate. It was in this operation that the 76th had one of its 2 Medal of Honor
winners of the war, Private William D. McGee, Medical Detachment, 304th Infantry Regiment.
A medical aid man, he made a night crossing of the Moselle with troops whose object was
to capture Milheim. The Germans had retreated in this area, but had left the banks of the
river heavily laden with anti-personnel mines.
Two men of the first wave, attempting to work their way forward, detonated mines which
seriously wounded them, and left them bleeding and in great pain beyond the reach of their
fellow soldiers.
Entirely on his own initiative, Pvt McGee entered the minefield and brought out one of
the wounded men to comparative safety. He then returned to rescue the second man, when he
stepped on a mine and was severely wounded in the explosion. Although suffering intensely
and bleeding badly, he shouted to his buddies for none of them to try to risk rescuing him.
In saving one man, and attempting to rescue another at his own self-sacrifice, Pvt McGee
upheld the very highest traditions of the U.S. armed forces.
Advancing to the Rhine, the 76th took over defenses from Boppard to St. Goar, and then
crossed the river at Boppard on 27 March 1945.
Driving eastward, the 76th ran into a hornet's nest of SS troops in Kamberg, and had to
take it in a fierce house-to-house struggle.
Then, after consolidating in the province of Hesse, north of Friedberg, the 76th attack-
ed as part of the 3rd Army offensive into central Germany. After crossing the Werra River,
4 April, the Liberty Bell met heavy opposition including air strikes. In and around Lang-
ensalza, the Luftwaffe made a last dying effort, and antiaircraft crews had a field day.
Working with the veteran 6th Armored Division, the two divisions were an unbeatable com-
bination. Advances became so rapid that communication and supply lines were often strained
to the limits.
Then, the 76th came to the town of Zeitz (population 30,000) and there developed a bitt-
er, violent battle. The fighting lasted throughout 14-15 April. It ended with more than
1,000 Germans being killed and wounded. The 76th's losses were heavy. In addition, some
1,000 French slave laborers and 250 Russian soldiers were liberated from a POW camp.
Shortly after this, the Liberty Bell had a sharp battle with the Germans near Gera, and
then established a bridgehead across the Mulde River. By this time, the 76th had captured
33,000 prisoners. The 76th lost over 100 men in Central Germany.
When American forces were ordered to pull back out of occupied territory assigned to the
Russians, the 76th retired from the city of Chemnitz, to the west bank of the Mulde, and
took up positions south and west of the city of Zwickau.
In July 1945, the 76th was on guard duty at Hof, near the Czech border, and was inactiv-
ated there that following August.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-779
Distinguished Unit Citations--2 Killed In Action----667
Distinguished Service Crosses-13 Wounded 2,500
Silver Stars 214 Missing 18
Captured 141
Total Casualties- 3,326
* One to the entire 417th Infantry Regiment--Across The Sauer River

Other 76th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
Pfc Herman C. Wallace, 301st Engineer Bn, 27 February 1945, near Prumzurley, Germany.
He absorbed the full blast of a mine by smothering the blast with his foot. He was
killed, but he saved the lives of several of his fellow soldiers.

Footnote: The third line infantry regiment of the 76th Infantry Division in World War II
was the 385th Infantry Regiment.



27 Jan 1 2 Feb 11 1 Mar 111111111111 12 1 Apr 1
28 Jan 1 3 Feb 1 2 Mar 11111111 8 2 Apr 1
2 5 Feb 1 3 Mar 111 5 Apr 11111
6 Feb 1 4 Mar 11111111 8 6 Apr 111111111 9
7 Feb 1111111111111111111111111111111111 34* 5 Mar 1111111111111 13 7 Apr 1
8 Feb 1111111111111111111111111 25 approx. 6 Mar 11111111111 11 8 Apr 11111
9 Feb 1111111111111 13 60*men 7 Mar 111111111111111 15 9 Apr 1
10 Feb 11111111111 11 8 Mar 111111111111 12 10 Apr 1111111111 10
11 Feb 11111 9 Mar 11111111 8 13 Apr 111
12 Feb 111111111111 12 10 Mar 111 14 Apr 1
13 Feb 1111 11 Mar 1111111111 10 15 Apr 1
14 Feb 111111 12 Mar 1 16 Apr 1
15 Feb 11111111111111 14 13 Mar 11111 19 Apr 111111
16 Feb 1111 14 Mar 1111 20 Apr 111111
17 Feb 1 15 Mar 1 21 Apr 111
18 Feb 111 17 Mar 11 23 Apr 1
19 Feb 111111111 9 18 Mar 11111 25 Apr 1
21 Feb 11 19 Mar 1
22 Feb 11 24 Mar 1 56
23 Feb 1 29 Mar 111
24 Feb 111 30 Mar 111111111111111 15
25 Feb 111111111111111 15 31 Mar 1111111
26 Feb 11111111111111111111 20 148
27 Feb 1111111111111111f 17
28 Feb 11111111111111 14


*bloodiest day -. 7 February 1945
bloodiest month ---February 1945
2nd bloodiest day 8 February 1945
3rd bloodiest day- 26 February 1945
Total battle deaths -779
426 are listed=54.6% KIA-667

77TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Statue of Liberty"
Activated (WW II)-25 March 1942
Inactivated-15 March 1946 in Japan
Battle Credits, World War II: Guam Leyte le Shima Okinawa
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Andrew D. Bruce May 1943--February 1946

Combat Chronicle: The 77th Infantry Division, "New York's Own", first saw action
in World War I. It first served in Lorraine, and then took part in the Aisne-
Marne and Meuse-Argonne offensives. It was in the Meuse-Argonne forest that the
77th produced the famous "lost battalion", which was rescued by elements of the
28th Infantry Division after having been surrounded by the Germans and suffering
heavy casualties.
In World War II, the 77th landed in Hawaii on 31 March 1944, and trained in
amphibious and jungle warfare.
With a great many of its men from New York City, New Jersey, and surrounding
areas, the 77th first went into action against the Japanese in the historic re-
capture of Guam in the summer of 1944. Also, taking part in this invasion was
the 3rd Marine Division and the 1st Marine Provisional Brigade. The 77th landed
on the Orote Peninsula, three days after the initial assault landings, and seized
Mt. Tenjo. Japanese resistance was tenacious.
Then the 77th was shifted north, with the 3rd Marine Division on the left, and
the 77th on the right. In ten days of bitter fighting against a fanatical enemy,
the 77th captured all area as far north as San Antonio. By 31 July 1944, the 77th
and the 3rd Marine Division had followed up the enemy to the north, reaching a
line running from Agana on the west coast to Yona on the east.
On 2 August 1944, the 77th was temporarily held up near Barrigada by Japanese
troops deployed in the jungle in perfectly camouflaged positions, but the valiant
77th soon smashed through this resistance and continued attacking further north.
On 4 August, the division took Mt. Barrigada, and then repulsed a strong Jap-
anese counterattack on the 8th. Soon following this up, supported by air and naval
bombardments, and attacking with 3 regiments abreast, the 77th captured Mt. Santa
Rosa in an almost perfectly co-ordinated tank-infantry attack.
The men of the 77th advanced 18 miles against a trapped and desperate enemy in
one of the hardest fought battles in the Pacific. Organized Japanese resistance
on Guam was broken by 10 August 1944. It cost the lives of 248 men in the divis-
ion. Even the marines spoke rather fondly of the 77th after Guam.
The 77th next set sail for New Caledonia, but plans were changed en route, and
it was directed to proceed to Leyte to help break the stalemate on that bitterly
embattled island.
The division landed on the east coast of Leyte on 23 November 1944. After a
short period of combat patrolling behind the U.S. 24th Corps, 23 November-6 Decem-
ber, the 77th landed at Ipil in western Leyte on 7 December 1944. Although there
was negligible resistance on the beach, the Japanese attempted to disrupt the land-
ing by air strikes. Army and Marine fighters took a heavy toll of the attackers.

Fighting up the east coast of Ormoc Bay, the 77th seized the town of Ormoc on
10 December 1944. This was a very serious blow to the Japanese, because Ormoc
had been their main landing place for their reinforcements coming over from
Cebu and Negros.
In bitter and heavy combat the 77th attacked north astride Highway 2, and sec-
ured Valencia against a violent counterattack, and then took the Libungao-Palom-
pon road junction, linking-up with U.S. 10th Corps elements. This action sealed
the fate of the Japanese on Leyte and, although much "mopping up" remained, espec-
ially in the wild northwest portion of the island, Leyte was officially declared
secured by Christmas Day 1944. It was the beginning of the end for the Japanese
in the Philippines, and the great-fighting 77th had played a vital role in break-
ing the deadlock on Leyte. Leyte cost the 77th almost 500 men.
On 9 February 1945, the division moved to Tarragona for rehabilitation.
The next operation for the 77th was when the division seized a series of small
islands off the coast of Okinawa, called Kerama Retto, late-March 1945. Moderate
opposition was encountered. However, riding at sea between 1-15 April 1945, the
division sustained considerable casualties from Japanese Kamikaze attacks.
On 16 April 1945, the Statue of Liberty Division landed on Ie Shima, a small
island off the western coast of Okinawa. After capturing an airfield, the 77th
engaged in a'bitter battle for Government House Hill and Bloody Ridge. It was in
the latter action that famous and beloved war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed,
struck in the temple by a machinegun bullet. Ie Shima was secured after one week
of bitter combat. This little-known battle cost the 77th almost 1,000 men killed,
wounded, and missing. The Japanese had 4,700 men killed and 149 captured.
With the Guam and Leyte campaigns, plus Ie Shima, behind them, the men of the
77th could have been excused for thinking that they had seen Pacific fighting at
its toughest. But the worst was yet to come.
After a short rest, the 77th plunged into the inferno of Okinawa on 30 April
1945, right in the Japs' front yard. Here, the 77th ran into the heaviest artill-
ery fire of the Pacific War. The men were plastered day and night by field pieces
of all sizes. The Jap pillboxes were superior to any they had used on Tarawa or
Saipan. And facing the division's front was Shuri, central fortress of the Japan-
ese defense line on southern Okinawa.
On 1 May 1945, the 77th, using mountaineers' nets and ladders, tried to scale
the steep Maeda Escarpment. Some men reached the top, but were driven off by a
furious night counterattack by the Japanese. The 307th Infantry Regiment gained
the reverse slope of the escarpment and held it against counterattacks, 5-6 May.
Continuing the advance slowly in the face of extremely heavy Japanese resist-
ance, the 77th drove on Shuri in conjunction with the 1st Marine Division. As
the 305th Infantry Regiment pushed up heavily defended Route 5, the 306th and
307th Infantry fought the battle of Chocolate Drop Hill, 11-20 May 1945. Innumer-
able ridges, all bristling with Nip defenses, blocked the way to the high ground
commanding Shuri. The soldiers and marines, working with tanks, flamethrowers,
and dynamite charges, finally dislodged the Japanese, but not without very heavy
losses. The ruins of Shuri were finally entered by the 77th on 31 May 1945. The
77th then covered the rear of the 96th Infantry Division, and mopped-up in the
Shuri region.
During June 1945, the 77th covered the right flank of the U.S. 24th Corps, and
sealed Japanese cave positions, as the bloody battle finally came to an end. Oki-
nawa was officially declared secured on 21 June 1945. The Japanese had over
110,000 men killed, while the Americans lost over 13,000 men, counting air, land,
and sea action. The terrible bloodbath cost the 77th Infantry Division 1,018 men.
At least one man in the 77th deserves special mention during the battle on
Okinawa. For a 2-3 week period, Pfc Desmond T. Doss, a medic and previous cons-
cientious objector in the 307th Infantry Regiment, repeatedly risked his life by
exposing himself to enemy fire in extremely dangerous circumstances to give first
aid and help bring to safety many men who were wounded and under fire.
In basic training Pfc Doss had been derided, even scorned by many men in his

outfit for refusing to fight. But on Okinawa, he won the Medal of Honor for his
courageous actions, and his name became a symbol throughout the 77th Infantry Div-
ision for outstanding gallantry far above and beyond the call of duty.
In July 1945, the 77th moved to Cebu, in the Philippines, to prepare for the
invasion of Japan. Of course, this never had to be, and the 77th landed in Japan
in October 1945 for occupational duty, and was later inactivated there on 15 March
Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--6 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-1,904
Distinguished Unit Citations--16 Killed In Action-- 1,482
Distinguished Service Crosses-19 Wounded 6,003
Silver Stars 335 Missing 76
Captured 1
Total Casualties-- 7,562

Other 77th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: KIA *
Pfc George Benjamin, Jr., 306th Inf Rgt, 21 December 1944, on Leyte
Pfc Martin 0, May, 307th Inf Rgt, 19-21 April 1945, on le Shima
T/5 Grade John Meagher, 305th Inf Rgt, 19 June 1945, near Ozato, Okinawa
Sgt Joseph E. Muller, 305th Inf Rgt, 15-16 May 1945, near Ishimmi, Okinawa
1st Lt Robert P. Nett, 305th Inf Rgt, 14 Dec 1944, near Cognon, Leyte


77TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Statue Of Liberty"

21 July 1 2 Aug 111111111111111 15 2 Dec 111
22 July 11111111111 11 3 Aug 11111111111111111111111111111 29 8 Dec 11111111111111111 17
23 July 11 4 Aug 111111 9 Dec 11111111111111111 21
24 July 1 5 Aug 111 10 Dec 11111111111 11
25 July 111111 6 Aug 111111111111111 15 11 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22
26 July 111 7 Aug 1111111111111 13 13 Dec 11111111111111111111111 23
27 July 1111111 8 Aug 11111111111 11 14 Dec 111111111111111 15
28 July 111 10 Aug 11 15 Dec 11111
30 July 111 11 Aug 1 16 Dec 1111111
12 Aug 1 17 Dec 1111111
8 14 Aug 11 18 Dec 1111111
20 Aug 1 19 Dec 111111111111 12
23 Aug 1 20 Dec 1111111111111111111111111 25
100 21 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111i 30
22 Dec 11111
23 Dec 111111111 9
NOVEMBER 1944 24 Dec 1
30 Nov 1111 25 Dec 1111111
27 Dec 1111
4 28 Dec 1
29 Dec 1
31 Dec 11


77TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Statue Of Liberty"

JANUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945
1 Jan 1 26 Mar 1 2 Apr 1111111111 10
11 Jan 1 27 Mar 11111111 8 3 Apr 1
12 Jan 1111 28 Mar 1 11 Apr 1
14 Jan 11 30 Mar 1 16 Apr 1111111111111 13
15 Jan 11111 11 17 Apr 1111111111111111111 19
17 Jan 1 18 Apr 11111111111111111111111 23
18 Jan 111 19 Apr 111111111 9
19 Jan 111 20 Apr 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35
20 Jan 1 21 Apr 11111111111111111111 20
24 Jan 1 22 Apr 11
27 Jan 111111111 9 24 Apr 1
28 Jan 11 25 Apr 1
29 Jan 1111 27 Apr 1
30 Jan 11 29 Apr 11
31 Jan 1111111 30 Apr 111111111111111111 18
46 156

77TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Statue Of Liberty"

MAY 1945 JUNE 1945
1 May 111111111111111111 18 2 June 1
2 May 111111111 9 4 June 1
3 May 111 5 June 1
4 May 11111111111111 14 9 June 1
5 May 11111111111111111111 20 11 June 1
6 May 11111111111111111 17 18 June 1111
7 May 1111111111111 13 19 June 11
8 May 1111111111 10 20 June 1
9 May 1111111 22 June 11
10 May 111111111111 12 14
11 May 111111111111111111111111 24
12 May 111111111 9
13 May 11111111111111111111111111111 29
14 May 11111111111111111111111 23
15 May 111111111111111 15
16 May 111111111111111111111111111111111i 34
17 May 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 40Xapprox. 754ben
18 May 1111111111111111111111 22
19 May 11111111111111111 17
20 May 1111111111111111 16
21 May 111111111111111 15
22 May 111111
23 May 1111111111 10
24 May 111111
26 May 111
27 May 111111
28 May 1
29 May 1111111
30 May 11111111 8
31 May 11
*bloodiest day 17 May 1945
bloodiest month May 1945
2nd bloodiest day --20 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day 16 May 1945
Total battle deaths 1,904
1,020 are listed=53.~ KIA--1,482

78TH INFANTRY DIVISION "White Lightning"

Activated (WW II)--15 August 1942
Inactivated--22 May 1946 in Europe
Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Ardennes Rhineland
Ruhr Pocket
Days In Combat-125
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Edwin P. Parker, Jr. August 1942-November 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 78th Infantry Division saw heavy action in World War I,
at St. Mihiel and in the Meuse-Argonne. In World War II, the majority of its
men still came from Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.
The 78th arrived in England on 26 October 1944. It landed in France on 22
November 1944, and moved to Tongres, Belgium, and then to RStgen, Germany, to
prepare for combat.
The 311th Infantry Regiment was attached to the 8th Infantry Division in
the grim HUrtgen Forest on 10 December 1944. The 309th and 310th Infantry
Regiments relieved the 1st Infantry Division, 1-12 December. On the 13th,
these regiments smashed into Simmerath, Witzerath, and Bickerath, in heavy
combat, and were fighting for Kesternich, when the Germans began their offen-
sive in the Ardennes on 16 December 1944.
The 78th, on the extreme northern fringe of the German assault, blocked the
road junction near Monschau in heavy fighting. Although, at first, forced back
a little, the 78th was eventually able to clear some hill positions over the
Kall River by 11 January 1945. The division sustained heavy casualties on 12
January, but managed to hold its sector of the line throughout the winter.
On 30 January 1945, the 78th attacked at Kesternich over ground it had
fought on 1- months earlier. It was in this battle that the 78th produced a
Medal of Honor winner, Staff Sergeant Jonah E. Kelley, Company E, 311th Infan-
try Regiment, at Kesternich, Germany.
In charge of the leading squad of Company E, he heroically spearheaded the
attack in furious house-to-house fighting. Although wounded twice, once in
the back, and when a mortar shell fragment passed through his left hand, he
refused to withdraw and kept on leading his squad after hasty dressings had
been applied. His wounds forced him to fire his rifle with one hand, resting
it on rubble or other support. The sergeant had to pull the pins of his gren-
ades with his teeth while grasping the missiles with his good hand. Despite
these handicaps, he created tremendous havoc with the Germans. Sgt Kelley
rushed one house and killed 3 of the enemy. On approaching the next house, he
was fired upon from a second-story window, and killed the sniper with one shot.
He dispatched another German who ran from the cellar of the house. As darkness
came, Sgt Kelley assigned his men to defensive positions, never leaving them to
seek medical treatment.
At dawn the next day, his squad resumed the attack and was stalled by heavy
automatic and small-arms fire. Upon locating an enemy rifleman in a haystack,
the sergeant killed him with rifle fire. He then discovered a well-protected
German machinegun in a neighboring house. Ordering his squad to stay behind
cover, he dashed into the open and attacked this position in a hail of bullets.

Sgt Kelley was hit several times and fell to his knees within 25 yards of his
objective, but he summoned his waning strength and emptied his rifle into the
machinegun nest, silencing its crew before he died.
Sgt Kelley's inspiring heroism enabled his men to sweep all resistance, on
their front, from Kesternich.
Shortly after, the 78th attacked Schwammenauel Dam, on the Roer River. The
Lightnings took the dam, but only after one of the fiercest battles on the
Western Front. The attack was begun in mid-winter (early-February 1945), with
the men struggling through waist-deep snowdrifts. Fortified positions and pill-
boxes studded the path to the dam. The infantry advanced a scant 100 yards be-
hind the artillery fire, as it went up against some of the heaviest fortific-
ations inside Germany.
The German defenders of the Schwammenauel Dam were the 6,000 men of the
272nd Volksgrenadier Division--a supposedly second-rate unit, but manifestly
well led and well deployed. The Americans got as far as the road leading into
the town of Schmidt, which commanded the approach to the dam, but were then
stopped cold. The German grenadiers beat back several battalion-sized attempts
to clear the road. Manning carefully prepared defenses, the Germans seemed
invulnerable to everything that the 78th could throw against them. Finally,
one regiment of the 9th Infantry Division was added to the attack, and this
tipped the balance. Yet, it wasn't until midnight on 9 February 1945, that
the Americans managed to battle their way through to the dam.
Following the seizure of this vital dam, the 78th was commended by the 5th
Corps commander, Major-General Clarence R. Huebner. Without the capture of
this dam, he said, further winter operations in the entire area would have
been impossible. "It is an accomplishment worthy of the highest praise that
the 9th and 78th Divisions were able to capture this dam before the Germans
blew it up," he stated.
Upon reaching the Rhine, the 78th was the first infantry division to cross
the Ludendorff Railroad Bridge at Remagen. Tracer bullets ripped the air in
wild zig-zag patterns, shells splashed against the abutments, and flying metal
ricocheted off of the steel girders. But the 78th reached the east bank of the
Rhine and helped hold this vital bridgehead against furious German attacks, and
suffered very heavy losses. In fact, during the entire month of March 1945,
few, if any, U.S, divisions had higher casualties than did the 78th. During
March 1945, the 78th lost approximately 600 men:
After the Remagen bridgehead was consolidated, the Lightnings then cut part
of an autobahn (4-lane highway), and raced northward into the Ruhr. The 78th
saw heavy action along the Sieg River, where the Germans put in some fierce
The 78th was relieved along the south bank of the Sieg, and on 6 April 1945,
attacked across it to help reduce the Ruhr Pocket. The 78th saw heavy fight-
ing as it battled through well-defended Waldbril, Lichtenberg, and Freudenberg
by 8 April. Continuing the attack in conjunction with the 13th Armored Divis-
ion, the 78th seized WipperfUrth, 13 April, and overran both Elberfeld and the
city of Wuppertal by 16 April 1945. This concluded the 78th's action in the
Ruhr where over 300,000 Germans surrendered: The 78th lost 180 men.
The 78th then mopped-up in the Ruhr, along with several other U.S. divis-
ions. On V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the division was stationed near Marburg, Ger-
many, somewhat south of the Ruhr area. The 78th was inactivated in Europe in
May 1946, although most of its personnel who had seen very much combat were
rotated back to the United States much earlier.
Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--1 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-1,655
Distinguished Unit Citations---- Killed In Action--1,432
Distinguished Service Crosses--5 Wounded 6,103
Silver Stars '491 Missing-- 2-31
Captured -.385
Total Casualties---8,151


78TH INFANTRY DIVISION "White Lightning"

10 Dec 1 1 Jan 1
12 Dec 111 2 Jan 111
13 Dec 11111111111111111111i1111111111i11 36 3 Jan 111
14 Dec 11111111111111111111111 23 5 Jan 1
15 Dec 11111111111111111111 20 9 Jan 1
16 Dec 111111111111111111111111111111111111111 39* 10 Jan 1
17 Dec 1111111111111111 16 approx. 11 Jan 111111111 9
18 Dec 11111111 8 75*jen 12 Jan 11111111111111 14
19 Dec 1111 13 Jan 111111
20 Dec 111111 14 Jan 1
21 Dec 1111111 17 Jan 11
22 Dec 111 18 Jan 111111
23 Dec 11 19 Jan 1
24 Dec 111 20 Jan 1
25 Dec 1 22 Jan 1
26 Dec 11 23 Jan 111
27 Dec 111 25 Jan 11
28 Dec 111 26 Jan 1
31 Dec 111 30 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111111111 34
183 31 Jan 1111111111111111111111111 25


78TH INFANTRY DIVISION "White Lightning"

1 Feb 1111 1 Mar 11111111111 11 1 Apr 11
2 Feb 111 2 Mar 1111111111111111111 19 4 Apr 1
3 Feb 1111111111 10 3 Mar 11111111111111111111 20 5 Apr 1111
4 Feb 11111111 8 4 Mar 11111111111111111111111111111 29 6 Apr 111111111111 12
5 Feb 111111111 9 5 Mar 1111111111 10 7 Apr 1111111111111111 16
6 Feb 1111111111 10 6 Mar 11111 8 Apr 11111111111111 14
7 Feb 11111111111111111111111111 26 7 Mar 111 9 Apr 11111
8 Feb 1111111111111 13 8 Mar 111111111 9 10 Apr 1111111111 10
9 Feb 11111111111111111 17 9 Mar 11111111111111111111 20 11 Apr 1111111111 10
10 Feb 11111111111111111 17 10 Mar 1111111111111111111111111111 28 12 Apr 1111111
11 Feb 111 11 Mar 11111111111111111 17 13 Apr 111
12 Feb 11 12 Mar 11111111111111111 17 14 Apr 11111111 8
13 Feb 111111 13 Mar 11111111111111111111 20 15 Apr 1111
14 Feb 1 14 Mar 111111111111111111111111111111 30 16 Apr 1
15 Feb 11111 15 Mar 1111111111111 13 19 Apr 1
17 Feb 1 16 Mar 1111111111111111111 19 22 Apr 1
18 Feb 1 17 Mar 111 24 Apr 1
19 Feb 111 18 Mar 1111111111111111 16 100
20 Feb 11 19 Mar 11111111 8
21 Feb 1 20 Mar 11111111 8
24 Feb 1 21 Mar 111111 MAY 1945
27 Feb 1 22 Mar 11111 12 May 1
28 Feb 1 23 Mar 111
24 Mar 1 1
145 25 Mar 11
26 Mar 11
28 Mar 1111
31 Mar 11
*bloodiest day 16 December 1944
bloodiest month March 1945
2nd bloodiest day -13 December 1944
3rd bloodiest day 30 January 1945
Total tattle deaths -1,655
875 are listed=52.8E KIA-1,432

79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"

Activated (WW II)-15 June 1942
Returned To United States-10 December 1945
Inactivated-20 December 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France Lorraine
Days In Cobat--248 Vosges Mountains Alsace Rhineland Ruhr Pocket
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II)s
Maj-Gen Ira T. Wyche June 1942--May 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 79th Infantry Division had for its shoulder patch insignia, The
Cross Of Lorraine--the symbol of the Fighting French.
There were cheers, flowers, wine, and, sometimes, women for the liberating GIs of our
fighting divisions in Europe. But no outfit was ever greeted more warmly than the Fight-
ing 79th by the grateful citizens of the numerous towns and villages it liberated in
In World War I, the 79th had a good record. It stormed Montfaucon, in the Meuse-Arg-
onne, in 30 hours of hellish fighting, and helped start the Kaiser's armies on their way
to defeat. The 79th sustained a total of 6,874 casualties in that war, including 1,151
men killed in action.
In World War II, the 79th's record can be borne out by a compliment made about it by
the Germans. Four months after landing in Normandy, the German 361st Infantry Division,
in an order to its individual units, warned them to watch out for the 79th--"one of the
best attack divisions in the U.S. Army."
The 79th, after extensive training in the United States, sailed for Britain, and, af-
ter two months more of training there, landed in Normandy on D-plus 6--12 June 1944.
The 79th entered combat on 19 June 1944, with an attack on the high ground west and north-
west of Valognes.
After helping to cut off the Cotentin Peninsula, the 79th, 4th, and 9th Infantry Divi-
sions attacked north up the peninsula with the 79th in the center. Fighting hard, the
attack progressed well inspite of difficult hedgerow country and strong German resistance.
After a heavy battle, the 79th took Fort du Roule and entered Cherbourg. The division
then engaged in a fierce street battle with the city falling on 25 June 1944.
The Cross Of Lorraine then held defensive positions along the Ollonde River, until 2
July 1944, and then again went over to the attack, now advancing southward. The objective
was La Haye-du-Puits, nerve center of the German supply system in Normandy. In driving
rain and through hedgerows honeycombed with artillery and automatic weapons, and despite
German tanks raking them at point-blank range, the 79th, inspite of very heavy losses,
swarmed into the town and took it on 8 July 1944. German counterattacks were repulsed on
this same day. Heavy fighting continued until 15 July, when the 79th again went on the
On 26 July 1944, as part of an all-out American offensive, the 79th attacked across the
Ay River, took Lessay and Granville, and broke through the German front at Avranches, foll-

owing up behind the 6th Armored Division. The 79th then cut through Fougeres, and then
southeast to Le Mans, where, after bridging the Sarthe River, it turned north to help close
the Falaise Gap. Up to this time, 20 August 1944, the 79th had lost over 1,200 men in the
terrific fighting in Normandy:
Then, the men who wore the Cross Of Lorraine insignia raced ahead to the Seine River to
seize Mantes-Gassicourt. This action greatly facilitated the liberation of Paris.
The 79th then made a daring and highly skillful night crossing of the Seine, beginning
on 19 August 1944. In a torrential rain the 313th Infantry Regiment crossed the river on
foot, over a dam that offered the only dry crossing in the area. Each man held on to the
shoulder of the man in front to avoid falling into the river. On the 20th, the 314th Infan-
try Regiment followed, wading across, and the 315th Infantry joined them that afternoon on
the far bank. The 79th had not only established a bridgehead, but also captured the German
Army Group B Headquarters, Rommel's former headquarters at La Roche-Guyon.
The Germans were stunned by this brilliant maneuver, but soon recovered, launching fierce
counterattacks by the 18th Luftwaffe Field Division between 22-27 August 1944. They were
all defeated, and the 79th reached the Therain River on 31 August.
Advancing as far north as Tournai, Belgium, and vicinity, the 79th then swung sharply
to the southeast, deep into the province of Lorraine, France. Heavy street-fighting occurr-
ed in Charmes, on the Moselle. After overcoming this resistance, the 79th forded the Mos-
elle, and the 313th Infantry Regiment took Poussay, while the 315th Infantry seized Neuf-
chateau. This took place on 13 September 1944.
In heavy fighting, as the division cleared its sector of the front, the attack was resum-
ed on 18 September 1944. On 20 September, the 314th Infantry, under German fire, reached
the Meurthe River, at Baccarat. Attempting to turn the German flank, a battalion crossed
the river near St. Clement the next day, but had to be pulled back.
The 79th continued to advance in the face of intense enemy attacks from the Foret de Par-
roy (forest). The 315th Infantry Regiment lost, and then recovered part of Luneville, 22
September 1944, but the 314th Infantry was delayed by counterattacks at Moncel. On the next
day the 314th frontally assaulted For&t de Monden in heavy combat, and the 79th then entered
the Foret de Parroy. The 315th Infantry was temporarily isolated in fighting at the main
road junction there on 5 October 1944, and the 79th was forced onto the defensive. However,
an all-out divisional assault forced the Germans to retire from the forest, with the final
capture of the main road junction on 9 October 1944.
The 79th next took Embermenil, and then attacked east of this town and battled for some
high ground from 14-23 October 1944. In all this fighting the 79th fought three excellent
German divisions, the llth Panzer, 15th Panzer Grenadier, and 361st Infantry. The 79th was
relieved on 24 October 1944, by the 44th Infantry Division.
After resting at Lun6ville, the 79th launched an attack that carried it across the Vezouse
and Moder Rivers, in Alsace. This was part of a major U.S. 7th Army offensive, and the 79th
began attacking on 13 November 1944, with the 19th being an especially bloody day. As the
assault continued in the face of heavy German resistance, the 79th then consolidated north
of Strasbourg, on 25 November 1944, and fought for Haguenau, 9-11 December 1944. The divis-
ion reached the Lauter River, at Schiebenhardt, on 15 December, and hit the Siegfried Line
on the 17th. It was here that the 79th had one of its three Medal of Honor winners of the
war, Technical Sergeant Robert E. Gerstung, Company H, 313th Infantry Regiment, on 19 Decem-
ber 1944, near Berg, Germany.
Near the above named town, Sgt Gerstung was ordered, with his heavy machinegun squad, to
support an infantry company attacking the outer defenses of the Siegfried Line. For 8 hours
he maintained a position made almost untenable by the density of artillery and mortar fire
concentrated upon it, and by the proximity of enemy troops who threw hand grenades at it.
When all other members of the squad became casualties, Sgt Gerstung remained at his gun.
When running out of ammunition, he boldly dashed across bullet-swept, open terrain to secure
a new supply from a disabled friendly tank. He continued to fire until his weapon overheat-
ed and jammed. Instead of withdrawing, the sergeant succeeded in securing another machine-
gun who's crew had been killed. He continued to man this weapon, giving vital support to
the infantry, even when an enemy tank shot the glove from his hand with an armor-piercing
When the Americans were ordered to retire to their original positions, he remained at his

gun, giving covering fire. Finally, Sgt Gerstung began to withdraw, but 100 yards from
safety he was struck in the leg by fragments from a mortar shell. With a supreme effort,
he crawled the remaining distance, dragging along the machinegun which had served him and
his fellow soldiers so well.
Sgt Gerstung's remarkable perseverence and courage gave his comrades vital support in
their encounter with formidable German forces. He survived the war to receive his award.
The 79th held a defensive line along the Lauter River, at Wissembourg, from 20 December
1944-2 January 1945.
The Germans had begun a heavy offensive in northern Alsace on 1 January 1945. Holding
defensive positions in the more northeastern part of the province, the 79th's regiments
became intermingled with part of the 42nd Infantry Division in the line. In a very skill-
ful and valiant 11-day battle the Americans threw back repeated assaults by the German
21st Panzer and 25th Panzer Grenadier Divisions and elements of the 7th Parachute Division.
But the Germans were very persistent, and the 315th Infantry Regiment was finally forced
out of Hatten and Rittershoffen, while the 314th Infantry's efforts to retake Drusenheim
were defeated in furious fighting. The regiments of the 42nd Infantry Division were also
forced back, and, by 12 January 1945, parts of the 14th Armored and 103rd Infantry Divis-
ions were thrown into the struggle which continued unabated.
Meanwhile, the German 553rd Volksgrenadier Division's dangerous bridgehead across the
Rhine in the area around and in Herrlisheim resulted in furious combat with the U.S. 12th
Armored Division.
Back in the 79th's sector, it lost Sessenheim on 19 January 1945, and by the 21st, its
lines had been forced back to the Moder River.
The Germans then made their final all-out bid to retake Alsace beginning on 24 January
1945. Once again they employed several of their best formations which included the 7th
Parachute, 47th Volksgrenadier, 25th Panzer Grenadier, and 10th SS Panzer Divisions. The
heaviest blow fell upon the 42nd and 103rd Infantry Divisions which fought courageously.
In the 79th's sector several holes were punched in its lines at Neubourg and Schweighouse,
but this situation was quickly restored. In three desperate days of furious fighting, 24-
26 January 1945, the Americans defeated the German attempts to advance any further, and by
the end of the month, the fighting in Alsace had pretty much sputtered out. The 79th rem-
ained on the defensive along the Moder until 6 February 1945.
After rest and rehabilitation, the 79th was picked to help spearhead the U.S. 9th Army
assault across the Rhine, during the latter part of March 1945. Transferred to the north
in a secret move, the 79th crossed the large river near Rheinberg against heavy resistance
on 24 March 1945. The 30th Infantry Division, meanwhile, spearheaded an attack near Bider-
Three days later strong opposition again developed before the 79th reached the Rhine-
Herne Canal by 29 March.
The 79th then relieved the 35th Infantry Division west of Gelsenkirchen, and then took
Wattenscheid and the city of Bochum, as it advanced into the Ruhr against moderate to heavy
resistance. The 79th continued operations in this region until 13 April 1945. The 79th
was then sent to the eastern part of the Ruhr Pocket to occupy the blasted, bombed-out city
of Dortmund. After this, the 79th saw occupational duties in Czechoslovakia and Bavaria,
before returning to the United States and inactivation.
The 79th Infantry Division--one of the best:
Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--3 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--2,964
Distinguished Unit Citations----8 Killed In Action---- 2,476
Distinguished Service Crosses-24 Wounded 10,971
Silver Stars 962 Missing 570
Captured 1,186
Total Casualties-- 15,203

Other 79th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
Cpl John D. Kelly, 314th Inf Rgt, 25 June 1944, Cherbourg, Normandy, France
1st Lt Carlos C. Ogden, 314th Inf Rgt, 25 June 1944, Cherbourg, Normandy, France


79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"

JUNE 1944 JULY 1944
19 June 111111111 9 1 July 1
20 June 111111111 9 2 July 1111
21 June 11 3 July 11111l1111111111111111 22
22 June 11111111111111111 17 4 July 111111111111111111111111111111 30
23 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 5 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 48
24 June 1111111111111111111111111111 28 6 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 56
25 June l11111111111111111111 21 7 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111 3' approx.
26 June 111111111111111111111 21 8 July 11111111111111111111111111111 30 l00men
27 June 111111111111 12 9 July 1111111111111111111111111 28
28 June 11111 10 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111111 45
29 June 11111 11 July 1111111111111111111111111 25
30 June 111 12 July ll111lllll1111111111111111111111111 37
13 July 1111111111111111111111111 25
167 14 July 11111111111 11
15 July 1111111111 10
16 July 111
17 July11
18 July 1111111
19 July 111
20 July 11
21 July 1111111
22 July 11111
23 July 1111
25 July 111
26 July 1
27 July 11111
28 July 11
29 July 1
30 July 1


79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine".

1 Aug 11 9 Sept 1 1 Oct 1111111111 10
2 Aug 11 12 Sept 111111111 9 2 Oct 11111
3 Aug 11 13 Sept 1111111 3 Oct 11111111111111111 17
5 Aug 1 14 Sept 11111111 8 4 Oct 111
6 Aug 11111111 8 15 Sept 111 5 Oct 111111
8 Aug 11 16 Sept 1 6 Oct 111
9 Aug 11 18 Sept 1 8 Oct 111
10 Aug 1 19 Sept 111111 9 Oct 1111111
13 Aug 1 20 Sept 1 10 Oct 111111111111111111 18
16 Aug 1 21 Sept 111111111 9 11 Oct 1111
18 Aug 1 22 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 12 Oct 11
20 Aug 1111111 23 Sept 1 13 Oct 11111111111111 14
22 Aug 1 24 Sept 1 14 Oct 1111111111111111111 19
23 Aug 11111 25 Sept 11 15 Oct 111
24 Aug 111 27 Sept 11 16 Oct 111
25 Aug 1111111111 10 28 Sept 111 17 Oct 11
26 Aug 11111111 8 29 Sept 1111111111111 13 18 Oct 1
27 Aug 11111111111111111111 20 30 Sept 11111111 8 19 Oct 1111
28 Aug 11111111111111111 17 96 20 Oct 111111111 9
29 Aug 1111 21 Oct 1111111111111111111111111 25
30 Aug 1 22 Oct 11111111111 11
31 Aug 1 23 Oct 111111111 9
24 Oct 111111111111111 15
i00 25 Oct 1
26 Oct 1111
27 Oct 1
28 Oct 11111
31 Oct 1111

3 wwII

79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"

1 Nov 111 1 Dec 11111111111111111 17 1 Jan 1
4 Nov 1 2 Dec 1111111111 10 2 Jan 11
5 Nov 1 3 Dec 11111111111 11 3 Jan 1111
9 Nov 1 4 Dec 1 5 Jan 111111111 9
13 Nov 1111111111111111 16 5 Dec 11 6 Jan 1111
14 Nov 11111111111 11 6 Dec 1 7 Jan 111111111 9
15 Nov 1111111111111 13 7 Dec 1 8 Jan 1111111111111 13
16 Nov 11 9 Dec 111111111111111111 18 9 Jan 1111111
17 Nov 11111111111111111 17 10 Dec 11111111111 11 10 Jan 111111111 9
18 Nov 1111 11 Dec 111 11 Jan 1111111111111111 16
19 Nov 111111111111111111111111111111111 33 12 Dec 11 12 Jan 1111111
20 Nov 111111111111 12 13 Dec 11 13 Jan 1111111111 10
21 Nov 11 14 Dec 11111 14 Jan 1111
22 Nov 1 15 Dec 11111111 8 15 Jan 111111111111 12
23 Nov 11111 16 Dec 11111111 8 16 Jan 11111
24 Nov 1 17 Dec 111 17 Jan l11111111111 12
25 Nov 11111 18 Dec 11111 18 Jan 1111111111111 13
26 Nov 1 19 Dec 11111111111111111111111 23 19 Jan 111111
27 Nov 11111 20 Dec 11111 20 Jan 111111111 9
28 Nov 111 21 Dec 11 21 Jan 1
29 Nov 111111111 9 8 22 Jan 1
30 Nov 11111 23 Jan 1111
25 Jan 11111
151 27 Jan 1
28 Jan 1
31 Jan 11

4 WW11

79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"

FEBRUARY 1945 MARnH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 19i5
1 Feb 11 24 Mar 11111111111111111111 20 3 Apr 111111 6 May 1
2 Feb 1 25 Mar 11111111 8 7 Apr 11 26 May 1
5 Feb 1 26 Mar 1111111 8 Apr 1 30 May 1
23 Feb 11111111 8 27 Mar 1111111111111111111111 22 10 Apr 111111
24 Feb 1 28 Mar 1111 11 Apr 11
29 Mar 11 12 Apr 1
13 30 Mar 11 14 Apr 1
65 15 Apr 1
17 Apr 1
20 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 6 July 1944
bloodiest month July 19'44
2nd bloodiest day -5 July 1944
3rd 10 July 1944
4th 12 July 1944
5th 23 June 1944
Total battle deaths -2,923
1,582 are listed=54.1% KIA--2,454


Activated (WW II)--15 July 1942
Returned To United States-3 January 1946
Inactivated-5 January 1946
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France Lorraine-Saar
Days In Combat-239 Ardennes Siegfried Line Rhineland
Days In Combat-239 Central Europe
Central Europe
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Horace L. McBride March 1943-October 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 80th Infantry Division originally consisted of men main-
ly from Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, and saw heavy action in the
Somme Offensive of 1918 and in the Meuse-Argonne during World War I.
In World War II, the 80th landed in Normandy on 3 August 1944. The division
assembled near St. Jores, and on 8 August, began fighting near Le Mans. It then
turned east, seizing Evron and Ste. Suzanne on 10 August.
Then, under new orders, the Blue Ridgers were thrown into the Battle of the
Falaise-Argentan Gap. They were told to take Argentan and the high ground north
of the town. This area was held by at least one panzer division, Luftwaffe per-
sonnel, and SS men, supported by artillery and numerous self-propelled guns.
Just before midnight of 19 August 1944, the town was blasted by artillery, and
the 80th then stormed into the burning objective the following day. The divis-
ion had a notable role in mopping-up remnants of the once proud German 7th Ar-
my, as the Germans tried to escape to the east and out of the trap, with many
The 80th then took part in the 3rd Army dash across France. (The 80th would
remain under the 3rd Army for the duration of the war in Europe). With history
repeating itself, the 80th crossed the Meuse, cut through St. Mihiel, and pass-
ed over ground where 26 years earlier, the World War I 80th had fought. Comm-
ercy and ChAlons were taken, and then the division was stopped for lack of gas-
oline. During this period, early-September 1944, the 80th came up against the
swollen and heavily fortified Moselle River, and there was very heavy fighting.
The 317th Infantry Regiment was repulsed on 6 September, while the 318th Infan-
try fought for Fort de Villey-le-Sec, 5-10 September. The 80th crossed the
Moselle on 12 September 1944, and defended this bridgehead against counteratt-
acks. The 319th Infantry Regiment advanced into Toul, as the Germans struck
the Dieulouard bridgehead again on 15-16 September.
The 80th fought for Bois de la Rumont on 20-24 September, and fought pitched
battles as it approached the Seille River at a farm strongpoint which was taken
on 2 October. The division also took Serrieres and Sivry, but lost elements to
another German counterattack on 3-4 October. Then the 80th suffered very heavy
losses in attacking a large hill mass on 8 October 1944. The division then
maintained an aggressive defense for the rest of October 1944, and through the
first week of November, as preparations were made for an all-out attack to the

The offensive began on 8 November 1944, under very inclement weather cond-
itions. General Patton wanted to catch the Germans by surprise and, to a good
extent, he did. Nevertheless, it was heavy and bloody fighting as the 80th
advanced over Delme Ridge, and through Faulquemont and St. Avoid. The 80th
continued the advance in desperate fighting despite mud, mines, and highway
congestion. The battle of Farbersviller was won on 3-4 December. Upon reach-
ing to a point just 5 miles below Saarbricken, the 80th was relieved by the
6th Armored Division on 7 December 1944. In this offensive the 80th lost 635
men killed in action or died of wounds.
After 10 days of rest, the 80th returned to combat, moving southeast to
take part in an attack through the Siegfried Line to Zweibricken, when the
Germans struck in full fury with their winter offensive in the Ardennes. The
terrible Battle of the Bulge had begun.
Under about the most trying winter conditions imaginable--it would be Eur-
ope's worst winter in 50 years--the 80th was one of the first 3rd Army divis-
ions to attack into the southern flank of the German penetration. Through
murderous opposition by some of Germany's best troops, and over frozen, snow-
crusted terrain, the Blue Ridge Division fought forward into Luxembourg. The
80th contained numerous enemy attacks at Heiderscheid and Ettelbruck, and ad-
vanced to the Sauer River with the 319th Infantry Regiment on 24 December 1944.
Sustaining heavy losses, the 80th then checked German attacks near Ringel and
blocked roads around Ettelbruck and Mostroff on 27-28 December. The division
helped break the German cordon around Bastogne, fighting the cold and cases of
frostbite, as well as the enemy resistance. This action helped to relieve the
pressure on the surrounded 101st Airborne and elements of the 9th and 10th Ar-
mored Divisions at Bastogne. (Relief of the defenders of Bastogne was success-
fully completed by the 4th Armored Division on 26 December 1944). Hitler's
dream of a major German victory was shattered, although much hard fighting
still lay ahead. But the 80th could proudly reassert its motto: "Ever Forward."
"You can't say too much for them," was the tribute paid to the 80th by the
top "brass."
On 6 January 1945, large elements of the division attacked across the Sure
River, and bitter fighting raged around Dahl and Goesdorf. It was in this
battle that the 80th had one of its 4 Medal of Honor winners of the war, Ser-
geant Day G. Turner, Company B, 319th Infantry Regiment, at Dahl, Luxembourg,
8 January 1945.
Sgt Turner commanded a 9-man squad with the mission of holding a critical
flank position. When overwhelming numbers of the enemy attacked under cover
of devastating artillery, mortar, and rocket fire, he withdrew his squad into
a nearby house, determined to defend it to the last man.
The Germans launched repeated attacks with heavy losses. Supported by dir-
ect tank fire, they finally gained entrance, but the intrepid sergeant refused
to surrender, although five of his men were wounded and one killed. He bold-
ly flung a can of flaming oil at the first wave of attackers, dispersing them,
and then fought doggedly from room to room, closing with the Germans in fierce
hand-to-hand encounters. He hurled grenade for grenade, bayoneted two Germans
who rushed a doorway, and fought on with the enemy's weapons when his own amm-
unition ran out.
The savage fight raged for 4 hours, and finally, when only three of his men
were left unwounded, the Germans surrendered. 25 prisoners were taken and 11
enemy dead and a great number of wounded were counted.
Sgt Turner's heroic stand will live on as an everlasting inspiration to his
comrades. He was killed in action exactly one month later.
The 317th Infantry Regiment was defeated in an attempt to force the Wiltz
River, 21 January 1945, but the 319th Infantry succeeded in crossing at Merkols

and Kautenbach on 23 January. The 80th next pushed a bridgehead over the Clerf
River, and then cleared the heights beyond Hosingen on the 27th. The next day
the division took over the 4th Infantry Division's zone along the Our River.
After this, on 7 February 1945, the 80th crossed the swollen Our from Luxem-
bourg into Germany in a brilliant feat of arms. The weather was still bitter
cold and, in this case, an artillery barrage of 30 minutes was used, and the
assault took place at dawn in the face of heavy fire from high ground in the
distance. As the West Wall (Siegfried Line) fortifications and pillboxes were
slowly reduced, the bridgehead was expanded, and the 80th cleared the area near
Bollendorf by 14 February 1945.
Leaving the 319th Infantry Regiment to deal with any remaining German troops,
the rest of the 80th renewed the attack on 18 February. Mettendorf and Roth
were captured and this completed the 80th's reduction of the Siegfried Line def-
enses in its sector.
The 80th next took Obergeckler and then crossed the PrUm River near Wissmanns-
dorf, 27 February 1945. It then relieved the 4th Armored Division on 3 March,
and then transferred to the Saar sector opposite Saarlautern. The 80th suffered
heavy losses in this entire operation which began on 7 February 1945. To be a
little more precise, the 80th had close to 450 men killed in action or died of
The 80th, as part of another general 3rd Army offensive, this time into the
Palatinate region of western Germany, attacked Wadern Forest, 13 March 1945,
and fought for Weiskirchen where a battalion of the 318th Infantry Regiment was
temporarily isolated. Continuing to the east, the 80th helped the 10th Armored
Division take the large town of Kaiserslautern on 20 March.
Advancing to the Rhine against desperate, but futile, resistance, the 80th
put one regiment across the large river at Mainz, 27 March, while other elements
jumped the Main River 3 miles above its confluence with the Rhine. The city of
Wiesbaden was cleared with very light casualties.
As Patton's 3rd Army headed into a northeastward direction into central Ger-
many, the 80th was its most northerly division, and it ran into a tough, 4-day
battle to take the city of Kassel. Pivoting almost due east, the division then
had another fierce battle in the city of Erfurt, before pushing on further east
and capturing the large towns of Jena and Gera by 14 April. Relieved near the
Mulde River, 21 April 1945, the 80th then cut a sweep behind the general line of
advance, to the southwest, and pulled up north of Bamberg.
Then the 80th was redeployed, still under the 3rd Army, and advanced deep in-
to Bavaria, crossing the Danube, and heading into Austria against light to mod-
erate resistance in its zone of attack. The 80th was halted at the Enns River,
having advanced deeper into Austria than any other U.S. division, and awaited
the oncoming Red Army.
The 80th had been one of the stalwarts of the U.S. 3rd Army, but had paid a
very heavy price-15,854 casualties.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--4 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-3,194
Distinguished Unit Citations--6 Killed In Action--2,805
Distinguished Service Crosses-34 Wounded 11,484
Silver Stars 771 Missing '188
Captured 1,077
Total Casualties--15,854

Other 80th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: KIA *
1st Lt Edgar H. Lloyd, 319th Inf Rgt, 14 Sept 1944, near Pompey, France
2nd Lt Harry J. Michael, 318th Inf Rgt, 14 March 1945, at Neiderzerf, Germany
Pvt Paul J. Wiedorfer, 318th Inf Rgt, 25 Dec 1944, near Chaumont, Belgium



13 Aug 1111 1 Sept 11
17 Aug 1 2 Sept 11
18 Aug 11111111111 11 3 Sept 1
19 Aug 111111111111111111111111111 27 4 Sept 111
20 Aug 11111111111111111111111111 26 5 Sept 11111111111 11
22 Aug 1 6 Sept 1111111111111 13
25 Aug 1 7 Sept 11111111 8
28 Aug 1 8 Sept 1111111
29 Aug 1 9 Sept 11111111 8
30 Aug 1 10 Sept 111111111 9
31 Aug 1 11 Sept 1
5 12 Sept 11111111 8
13 Sept 11111111111111111111 20
14 Sept 11111111111111111111111111111 29
15 Sept 1111111111111111111 19
16 Sept 1111111111111111111 19
17 Sept 1111111111111111111111111 25
18 Sept 111111111111 12
19 Sept 11111111111111 14
20 Sept 111111111111 12
21 Sept 1111111
22 Sept 11111111111 11
23 Sept 1111111111111111 16
24 Sept 1111111111111111 16
25 Sept 111111111111111111111 21
26 Sept 111111111111111111111111 24
27 Sept 111111111 9
28 Sept 1111111
29 Sept 11
30 Sept 1



1 Oct 11 1 Nov 11111111 8
2 Oct 111111111111 12 3 Nov 11
3 Oct 11 6 Nov 1
4 Oct 111 7 Nov 1
5 Oct 111 8 Nov 1111111111111111111111111111111 32
6 Oct 111111 9 Nov 111111111111111111 18
7 Oct 1111111111111 13 10 Nov 11111111111111111111111111111111
8 Oct 111111111111111111llllllllll1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 61X 11 Nov 1111111111111111111111111 25 36
9 Oct 1111111111111111111111111 25 approx. 115lmen 12 Nov 11111111 8
10 Oct 1111111111111111111111111111 28 14 Nov 1111111
11 Oct 11111111 8 15 Nov 11111111111111 14
12 Oct 111111 16 Nov 111111111111 12
13 Oct 111111111 9 17 Nov 11111
14 Oct 1111 18 Nov 1
15 Oct 1 20 Nov 11
16 Oct 1 21 Nov 1
18 Oct 1 22 Nov 111111111 9
19 Oct 11 24 Nov 1111111
20 Oct 1 25 Nov 11111111111111111111111111111111 32
21 Oct 111 26 Nov 11111111111111111111111 23
25 Oct 1 27 Nov 111111
26 Oct 11 28 Nov 1111111111111111 16
27 Oct 1 29 Nov 111111111 9
28 Oct 1 30 Nov 11111
30 Oct 1 280



1 Dec 1111111 3 Jan 111 5 Feb 1111
2 Dec 111 5 Jan 1111 6 Feb 11
3 Dec 1111111 6 Jan 11111 7 Feb 11111111111111 14
4 Dec 1111111111111111111111111 25 7 Jan 11111111 8 8 Feb 111111111111111111 18
5 Dec 1111111 8 Jan 11111111111 11 9 Feb 1111111111111111 16
7 Dec 11 9 Jan 1 10 Feb 111111111111111 18
10 Dec 11 10 Jan 11 11 Feb 1111111111111111 16
11 Dec 1 11 Jan 11 12 Feb 11111111111 11
14 Dec 1 12 Jan 11111 13 Feb 1111
19 Dec 11 13 Jan 111 14 Feb 11
20 Dec 1 14 Jan 1111 15 Feb 1111
21 Dec 1 15 Jan 1111 16 Feb 1111111111111111 16
22 Dec 1111111111 10 16 Jan 11 17 Feb 11
23 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 17 Jan 111 18 Feb 1111111111111111 16
24 Dec 1111111111111111111111111111 28 18 Jan 1111111111111111111 19 19 Feb 11111111111111111 17
25 Dec 1111111111111111111111111111 28 19 Jan 11 20 Feb 1111111
26 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111111 32 20 Jan 111 21 Feb 1111111111111111111111111
27 Dec 11111111111111 14 21 Jan 11111111111111111111111111 26 111111 31
28 Dec 1111111 22 Jan 111 22 Feb 111111111111111111 18
29 Dec 1111111 23 Jan 1111 23 Feb 1111
30 Dec 111 24 Jan 111 24 Feb 11
31 Dec 1 25 Jan 1111111 25 Feb 1
211 26 Jan 11 26 Feb 11
27 Jan 1111111111111 13 27 Feb 1111
28 Jan 1 229

4 wwII


MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945
1 Mar 1 1 Apr 1
2 Mar 1 2 Apr 1111111111111111111 20
4 Mar 1111 3 Apr 1111111111 10
7 Mar 1 4 Apr 1111
12 Mar 1 5 Apr 111111111 9
13 Mar 11111111111111 14 10 Apr 111111111111111 15
14 Mar 1111111 8 11 Apr 11111111111111 14
15 Mar 11111111111111111 17 12 Apr 11
16 Mar 111111111111111111111 21 13 Apr 11
17 Mar 11 14 Apr 1
18 Mar 11 15 Apr 111
19 Mar 111 16 Apr 1
21 Mar 11111 18 Apr 1
23 Mar 1 20 Apr 1
28 Mar 1111111111111111 16 25 Apr 1
29 Mar 1 26 Apr 1
30 Mar 1 29 Apr 1
31 Mar 111 87

*bloodiest day --8 October 1944
bloodiest month September 1944
2nd bloodiest day 10 November 1944
3rd -8 and 25 November and 26 December 1944
4th 21 February 1945
5th ---14 September 1944
Total battle deaths 3,194
1,658 are listed=51.9% KIA--2,800


Activated (WW II)-15 June 1942
Inactivated-30 January 1946 in Japan
Battle Credits, World War II: Palau Islands Leyte
Days In Combat-166
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Paul J. Mueller August 1942-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 81st Infantry Division saw heavy action in the closing
days of the Meuse-Argonne campaign in World War I. Most of its men were ori-
ginally from Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas. The 81st was the first U.S.
division to initiate the wearing of shoulder patches. Its insignia caused
much comment by men of other divisions, who questioned the right of the 81st
to so distinguish itself. When the matter was brought to the attention of
General John J. Pershing, "ol' 'Black Jack" was fond of the idea, and suggest-
ed that all of the other divisions adopt a distinctive insignia.
In World War II, the 81st, after extensive training, landed in Hawaii bet-
ween 11 June-8 July 1944.
On 17 September 1944, the Wildcats invaded the island of Angaur, in the
Palau Islands, minus the 323rd Infantry Regiment, and in conjunction with the
1st Marine Division's assault on nearby Peleliu. These islands lie, roughly,
550 miles east of the island of Mindanao, in the Philippines.
The 321st Infantry Regiment secured a beachhead from Cape Nagariois to
Rocky Point, the 322nd Infantry took the northern beaches, and the 323rd Inf-
antry feinted a landing off Angaur's western shore. The 321st Infantry Regi-
ment fought to Green Beach, and the 322nd Infantry Regiment-reached the Phos-
phate Plant--where it was mistakenly bombed--on 18 September.
The main effort to clear southern Angaur began the next day, and the 321st
Infantry reached the southern end of the island by 20 September 1944, and an
airstrip was begun.
However, the 322nd Infantry Regiment moved to battle entrenched Japanese
in the Lake Salome Bowl depression on northwestern Angaur. After heavy air
and artillery bombardment, the 322nd attacked on 21 September, but was forced
to withdraw that night. With positions rendered untenable the next day, ano-
ther night retreat was made, and then the Japanese positions were saturated
with more artillery fire. Renewing the attack from another direction, the
322nd gained a foothold in the bowl's northern portion. By 27 September 1944,
the regiment succeeded in surrounding the Lake Salome depression, and gained
positions inside of it. Methodical elimination of the Jap defenders then
was commenced, but 28 September 1944, was the 81st's bloodiest day in combat.
The final all-out assault on Angaur was made on 13 October 1944, and, with
the exception of stragglers, Japanese opposition was ended by 21 October 1944.
This little-known battle cost the lives of 265 men in the 81st.
Meanwhile, the 321st Infantry Regiment landed on Peleliu, 23 September,

where the 1st Marine Division was engaged in one of the most savage battles
of the war in the Pacific. The heat was almost as murderous as the Jap
bullets, as there was very little shade on Peleliu. Men dropped from sheer
exhaustion, the heat reaching as high as 110 degrees.
On 26 September 1944, the 5th Marine Regiment attacked east to seal off
the northern tip of Peleliu, while the 321st Infantry Regiment maneuvered
to cut off the Umurbrogal Pocket, part of a high ridge mass. The Japanese,
as usual, resisted with the utmost tenacity. Elements of the 321st also
aided the marines in mopping-up Ngesebus Island, and helped capture Kongaru
and Garakayo.
Meanwhile, the 323rd Infantry Regiment had left Angaur to attack Ulithi,
21 September 1944, and found it unoccupied. Part of this regiment also lan-
ded on Ngulu Atoll and destroyed the Japanese garrison there, as well as the
installations on 16 October. This action completed the outflanking of the
Japanese base on Yap.
On 18 October 1944, the 323rd left to join the rest of the 81st on bitter-
ly contested Peleliu. The 81st assumed command of the operation on the is-
land on 20 October 1944, as the 1st Marine Division was gradually evacuated.
It took almost another month of fighting before Peleliu was declared secured
by 27 November 1944. The murderous battle cost the lives of 1,252 marines
and 208 men from the 81st.
In all the above operations the Wildcats killed 5,676 Japanese, and took
344 Japanese and Korean laborers prisoners.
The 81st left in increments from 1 January-8 February 1945, for New Cale-
donia, for rest and rehabilitation.
On 17 May 1945, the 81st landed on Leyte, in the Philippines, and took
part in difficult mopping-up actions in the wild northwestern part of the
island from 21 July-12 August 1945.
On 18 September 1945, the 81st landed in Japan and performed occupational
duties in, and around, Aomori, until inactivated in Japan on 30 January 1946.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-520
Distinguished Unit Citations--O Killed In Action--374
Distinguished Service Crosses--7 Wounded 1,942
Silver Stars 281 Missing 6
Captured 0
Total Casualties--2,322



15 Sept 1 1 Oct 11 2 Nov 111
17 Sept 11111 2 Oct 11111 3 Nov 111111111 9
18 Sept 111111111111111 15 3 Oct 11 7 Nov 11
19 Sept 1111111111 10 4 Oct 1111 11 Nov 1
20 Sept 1111111111 10 5 Oct 111 12 Nov 1
21 Sept 1111 6 Oct 111 13 Nov 111111
22 Sept 111 7 Oct 1 14 Nov 1
23 Sept 11 11 Oct 11 15 Nov 11
24 Sept 111 12 Oct 11 17 Nov 111
25 Sept 1111 13 Oct 111 18 Nov 1
26 Sept 1111111 14 Oct 1 20 Nov 11
27 Sept 11111111111111111 17 15 Oct 1111 22 Nov 11111
28 Sept 111111111111111111 18* 16 Oct 1111111 23 Nov 11
29 Sept 111111 approx. 35)men 17 Oct 11111111 8 27 Nov 1
30 Sept 11111111111111 14 18 Oct 1111111111111111 16 39
118 19 Oct 11111
20 Oct 11111
21 Oct 1111 DECEMBER 1944
22 Oct 111111 30 Dec 1
23 Oct 11111
24 Oct 1 1
25 Oct 11
26 Oct 111111 JANUARY 1945
27 Oct 11111111 8
28 Oct 1111 3 Jan 1
29 Oct 111 1
30 Oct 1
31 Oct 1

*bloodiest day 28 September 1944
bloodiest month September 1944
2nd bloodiest day 27 September 1944
3rd bloodiest day 18 October 1944
Total battle deaths ---520
273 are listed=52.3% KIA-374


Activated (WW II)-15 August 1942
Returned To United States-26 March 1946
Inactivated--5 April 1946
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Brittany Northern France-Luxembourg
Days In Combat--244 Siegfried Line Ardennes Rhineland
North-Central Germany
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Robert C. Macon January 1944-January 1946

Combat Chronicles The 83rd Infantry Division was originally made up of men mainly from
Ohio. In World War I, its 332nd Infantry Regiment was sent to northeastern Italy, in the
autumn of 1918 to help out the Italians, and took part in the victorious Battle of Vittorio
Veneto, defeating the Austrians and Germans.
In World War II, long before the war had ended, there were men in the 83rd from all over
the United States.
The 83rd arrived in England on 16 April 1944. After some further training in Wales, the
division landed on Omaha Beach, Normandy, on 18 June 1944--D-plus 12. Rough weather had
kept it out in the English Channel for a week.
As it was, the Thunderbolt first went into action in Normandy, in the bitter hedgerow
struggle south of Carentan, on 27 June 1944.
On 4 July 1944, along with the 9th and 90th Infantry Divisions, the 83rd launched its
first big offensive. The fighting in the hedgerows almost defied description. It was
treacherous, rugged, nerve-racking, murderous. Gnarled tree roots and vines as tough and
strong as iron hoops, and other bramble were all woven together in an impenetrable wall.
And these hedgerows were 15-20 feet high. And to make things even worse, much of the terr-
ain in the 83rd's zone of attack was marshy and swampy. The weather was unusually overcast
and rainy, and, hardly least of all, the German 17th SS Panzer Grenadier Division, the 6th
Parachute Regiment, and part of the 5th Parachute Division put up hellish resistance.
An example of how costly this fighting was in the hedgerows is that in 17 days, 12 Amer-
ican divisions incurred 40,000 casualties in advancing the U.S. 1st Army 7 miles: It was
some of the most costly and frustrating combat that American troops have ever been forced to
experience, and the 83rd was in the thick of it. Indeed, during the month of July 1944, in
Normandy, no other U.S. division had higher losses than did the 83rd. Inspite of it all,
the 83rd, 9th, and 90th Infantry Divisions succeeded in blasting, shooting, and bayoneting
their way to the St. Lb-Coutances Road, as a renewed, all-out American offensive picked up
momentum in late-July 1944. The 83rd lost almost 1,600 men in Normandy:
The 83rd then swung west to invest the German-held port towns of Dinard and St. Malo, in
eastern Brittany. The Germans had an extensive and formidable system of defenses. However,
barbed-wire, minefields, and artillery, mortar, and machinegun fire from pillboxes slowed
down, but couldn't stop the Fighting 83rd. In the center of the attack the 330th Infantry
Regiment overcame murderous fire to take St. Joseph's Hill. Meanwhile, the 331st Infantry

Regiment was moved around to the center, also, for a main effort against Parame, which was
captured in a bitter house-to-house battle. This successful attack sealed-off the Germans
still occupying the St. Idene-La-Varde area in front of the 331st Infantry.
On the west side of the Rance River, the Germans put in a counterattack which isolated
elements of the 83rd near Pleurtuit. But, on the night of 9-10 August 1944, a strong coun-
terblow was launched by the 331st Infantry, and severe street-fighting occurred in Dinard.
Both sides suffered heavy losses, but St. Lunaire was taken, and then Hills 42 and 48. The
Germans were driven back to the sea, and over 3,000 of them, many from their 77th Infantry
Division which had recently fought in Normandy, were taken prisoner. Intense fighting red-
uced further enemy strongpoints, and a co-ordinated assault on the citadel fortress of St.
Servan finally brought on the fall of St. Malo, on 17 August 1944.
Operating in the Loire River Valley from 22 August-20 September 1944, the 83rd, operating
on a highly extended 200-mile front, while other outfits moved north and east, made a junc-
tion near Auxerre, with elements of the U.S. 7th Army moving up from the south. On 16 Sept-
ember 1944, the 83rd accepted the surrender of a large, isolated German force of 20,000 men,
while screening the Loire.
Late in September 1944, as part of the 3rd Army, the 83rd swung northeast for a drive
through northern France, including northern Lorraine, and then turned north up into Luxem-
bourg. Here, the Thunderbolt relieved the 5th Armored and 28th Infantry Divisions. Taking
Remich, 28 September 1944, the 83rd patrolled defensively along the Moselle, and resisted a
number of counterattacks. Echternach and Grevenmacher were then captured on 7 October 1944,
the latter town in a night attack with grenades and bayonets.
The 83rd then sent strong elements across the Sauer River, into Germany--into the Sieg-
fried Line. The division attacked and took Le Stromberg Hill against bitter enemy resist-
ance in early-November 1944, and defeated some German counterattacks.
In early-December 1944, the 83rd was moved up further north into the terrible Hiirtgen
Forest, relieving the battered 4th Infantry Division. By Hirtgen Forest standards the 83rd
did well. It was subjected to most of the evils that several other American divisions had
faced in this grim forest--mines and booby-traps, very tough German defenses, and first-
rate German troops. Facing the 83rd was the German 353rd Infantry Division and elements of
the 344th.
In the villages of Gey and Strass, the Germans fought tenaciously, but these two towns
were taken by 10 December 1944.
Between 10-15 December 1944, the weather was good, for a change, but the furious fighting
continued. It was on 14 December 1944, that the 83rd had a Medal of Honor winner, Sergeant
Ralph G. Neppel, Company M, 329th Infantry Regiment, near Birgel, Germany.
Sgt Neppel was the leader of a machinegun squad defending an approach to the village of
Birgel, when a German tank, supported by around 20 infantrymen, counterattacked. He held
his fire until the Germans were within 100 yards, and then raked the foot soldiers beside
the tank, killing several several of them. The tank continued to press forward, and at
point-blank range of 30 yards, fired a high-velocity shell into the American emplacement,
wounding the entire squad.
Sgt Neppel, blown 10 yards from his machinegun, had one leg severed below the knee, and
suffered other injuries. Despite his wounds and the danger from the onrushing tank and in-
fantry, he dragged himself back to his position on his elbows, remounted his weapon, and
mowed down the remaining enemy infantry. Stripped of its infantry protection, the tank was
forced to withdraw.
By his superb courage and fighting spirit, Sgt Neppel destroyed an enemy counterattack,
and saved himself and the rest of his squad from probable capture, or even death. His act-
ions upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. armed forces. He survived the war.
The 83rd then contained a strong German attack toward Guerzenich, 16 December 1944, and
then cleared Roelsdorf and Lendersdorf the following day. In heavy fighting the 83rd man-
aged to get to the western bank of the Roer River, west of DUren. The 83rd relieved the
5th Armored Division in line on 22 December 1944. The division then fought for Winden,
23-25 December 1944.
Shortly after, the Thunderbolts found themselves fighting in the Battle of the Bulge,

just to the south, in the Ardennes. The 83rd entered this huge, bitter struggle on 27 Dec-
ember 1944, striking at a German salient at Rochefort. The snow was waist-deep, morphine
syrettes froze, automatic weapons wouldn't function, and the men suffered from the intense
cold. But the valiant men of the 83rd stuck to their guns--sometimes literally---and red-
uced this enemy salient, suffering heavy casualties not only from German shells and bullets,
but also from frostbite.
The 83rd smashed at the Germans in force on the morning of 3 January 1945, and advanced
against stubborn opposition, along with the 3rd Armored Division. Floret and Malempre were
recaptured, and then the 83rd attacked through the 3rd Armored Division on 9 January 1945.
The 83rd took both Petite Langlir and Langlir in heavy combat, and gained a bridgehead ac-
ross the Langlir-Ronce River, but 13 January 1945 was an especially trying and bloody day.
The 83rd then mopped-up in Honvelez, 14 January, battled at Bovigny, 15 January 1945,
and then consolidated along the east edge of the Bois de Ronce (Woods). Both Bovigny and
Courtil were taken on 19 January 1945. The advances of the 83rd had been directly respon-
sible for enabling the 3rd Armored Division to cut the vital St. Vith-Houffalize Highway.
The 9th SS "Hohenstauffen" Panzer and 12th Volksgrenadier Divisions had been very formid-
able opponents. The 83rd lost over 450 men in the Battle of the Bulge.
The 83rd then moved back into Belgium and Holland for rest and rehabilitation from 22
January 1945, to the end of February. However, from 23-27 February 1945, the 330th Infan-
try Regiment fought with the 29th Infantry Division near Schleiden.
Then, on 1 March 1945, as part of the general U.S. 9th Army offensive to the Rhine, the
83rd captured the sizeable town of Neuss, on the river's west bank, opposite DUsseldorf.
The 83rd then repulsed German counterattacks from the town of Kapellen. The division
reached a bridge at Oberkassel, on 3 March, but this structure was blown up by the Germans
as the American soldiers approached. Defensive positions were then assumed along the west
bank of the Rhine, for the rest of March 1945, with no heavy combat in the 83rd's zone dur-
ing this period.
On 29 March 1945, the Thunderbolt crossed the Rhine, south of Wesel, and advanced through
part of the province of Westphalia, pausing long enough to take the large town of Hamm, on
the northern rim of the Ruhr Pocket.
Continuing on to the east, the 329th Infantry Regiment met resistance in the high hills
east of Bad Lippspringe, and so artillery and tank destroyer fire blasted this town into
rubble. And the 331st Infantry encountered opposition in attempting to force a bridgehead
over the Weser River, near Holzminden. However, this was soon overcome, and the Weser was
crossed at Bodenwerder on 6 April 1945.
Scattered fighting continued with the 83rd clearing pockets bypassed by the 2nd Armored
And then the 83rd raced across north-central Germany, advancing so rapidly in abandoned
vehicles of any kind--jeeps, trucks, and about anything else that had wheels, that at one
point it even outstripped the mighty 2nd Armored.
Swinging slightly to the southeast, the 83rd crossed the Leine River, 8 April 1945, and
then continued on to the east, except for the 330th Infantry Regiment which was detached to
help other U.S. units clean out a large force of Germans holding out in the Harz Mountains.
There were some 70,000 German troops, including the crack 5th Parachute Division, in this
heavily forested region full of very high hills. In bitter fighting the 330th Infantry
suffered heavy losses, 12-15 April 1945, in helping to reduce this German redoubt. Though
they caused heavy casualties, these Germans were too isolated to cause any lengthy trouble,
and they were subjected to continuous air attacks. On 23 April 1945, the Germans in the
Harz Mountains surrendered.
Further to the east the 329th and 331st Infantry Regiments succeeded in establishing a
bridgehead over the Elbe River, at Barby. This bridgehead was held against furious German
counterattacks on 16 and 18 April 1945. This area was eventually turned over to the Russ-
ians on 6 May 1945.
In 14 days the 83rd had captured 24,000 Germans and liberated 75,000 Allied POWs.
A great division--and one of the more under-publicized ones--the 83rd certainly did its
share to help defeat Nazism. But the cost had been very heavy. Of all the American combat

divisions in the war, the 83rd was 12th highest on the list for total battle deaths.
After extensive occupational duty in different parts of Germany, the 83rd returned to
the United States in March 1946. But many men who had seen extensive combat had already
long since been rotated back to the States.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--1 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-3,387
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 7 Killed In Action-- 2,960
Distinguished Service Crosses--7 Wounded 11,105
Silver Stars 798 Missing 279
Captured 663
Total Casualties--15,007



JUNE 1944 JULY 1944
23 June 1 1 July 1
24 June 1 2 July 11
28 June 11 3 July 1
29 June 111 4 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 80*
5 July 11111111111111111111ll1111111111111111111111111llll 111111111 61 approx.150Xmen
6 July 111111111111111111111111111 27
7 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 44
8 July iiiiiii1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 47
9 July 1111111111111111111111111111 28
10 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111 34
11 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 43
12 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111 39
13 July 11111111111111111111111111111 29
14 July 11111111111111111111 20
15 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 43
16 July 11111111111111111111111111 28
17 July 111111111111111111111 21
18 July 11111111111 11
19 July 111111111111111111111 21
20 July 1111111111111111111111111111111 31
21 July 111111111 9
22 July 1111111
23 July 111111111111111111111 21
24 July 1111111
25 July 1111111111111111111 19
26 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111ii 46
27 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 46
28 July 1111111111111111 16
29 July 1111111111111111 16
30 July 111
31 July 11



1 Aug 1111 7 Sept 1 1 Oct 11 1 Nov 1
3 Aug 11 12 Sept 1 2 Oct 11 4 Nov 1
4 Aug 1 15 Sept 1 3 Oct 1111 5 Nov 11
5 Aug 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 17 Sept 1 6 Oct 11111 6 Nov 1111
6 Aug 1111111111111111 16 27 Sept 11111 7 Oct 1111 8 Nov 11
7 Aug 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 28 Sept 111 8 Oct 1 9 Nov 1
8 Aug 111111111111111111111111111111111 33 29 Sept 111 9 Oct 1 12 Nov 111
9 Aug 11111111111111111111111111 26 30 Sept 1111111 11 Oct 111 17 Nov 1
10 Aug 1111111111 10 22 13 Oct 11 18 Nov 1
11 Aug 11111111111111111111111111 26 17 Oct 1 21 Nov 1
12 Aug 111111111111111 15 19 Oct 1 23 Nov 11
13 Aug 11111111111 11 21 Oct 1 24 Nov 1
14 Aug 1111 22 Oct 1 25 Nov 1
16 Aug 11 24 Oct 11 28 Nov 1
17 Aug 1 25 Oct 1
19 Aug 11 27 Oct 1
20 Aug 1 28 Oct 11
21 Aug 111 31 Oct 1
23 Aug 1111111111 10
24 Aug 1
25 Aug 1
26 Aug 111
28 Aug 1
29 Aug 1111
30 Aug 1



3 Dec 111111111111111 15 1 Jan 11 12 Feb 11
4 Dec 111 2 Jan 1 20 Feb 1
5 Dec 11111111111 11 3 Jan 1 25 Feb 1111111
6 Dec 111111111111 12 4 Jan 1111111 26 Feb 1
7 Dec 1111111111111 13 5 Jan 11111 11
8 Dec 111 6 Jan 1111111111 10
9 Dec 1111 7 Jan 1111111
10 Dec 11111111111111111111 20 8 Jan 1111
11 Dec 11111111111 11 9 Jan 1111111111111111 16
12 Dec 11111111111111111111111111 26 10 Jan 1111111111111111 16
13 Dec 1111111111111 13 11 Jan 111111111111111111 18
14 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 12 Jan 111111111111111111111111111 27
15 Dec 11111111 8 13 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111111 31
16 Dec 11111 14 Jan 111
17 Dec 11111111 8 15 Jan 1111111111111111111111 22
18 Dec 1111 16 Jan 111111111111111 15
19 Dec 111 17 Jan 11111111 8
20 Dec 1 18 Jan 1111111
21 Dec 1 19 Jan 1
22 Dec 111 20 Jan 1111
23 Dec 111111 205
24 Dec 111111
25 Dec 111111
26 Dec 111111111 9
28 Dec 1111
29 Dec 1111111111 10
30 Dec 1
31 Dec 1111



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Mar 11 1 Apr 111 3 May 1
2 Mar 11111111111111 14 2 Apr 11
3 Mar 111111 3 Apr 11
4 Mar 11 4 Apr 111
5 Mar 111 5 Apr 1111111
6 Mar 1 6 Apr 1111
10 Mar 1 7 Apr 1111
13 Mar 1 8 Apr 11111111 8
21 Mar 11 9 Apr 11111
22 Mar 1 10 Apr 111111111111 12
30 Mar 1 11 Apr 111111
12 Apr 111111111111111111111111111111 30
13 Apr 1111111111111111111111111 25
14 Apr 111111111111111111111111 24
15 Apr 111111111111111111111 21
16 Apr 11111
17 Apr 11
18 Apr 1111111111111 13
19 Apr 1111111
20 Apr 1
23 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 'I July 1944
bloodiest month July 1944
2nd bloodiest day 5 July 1944
3rd bloodiest day 8 July 1944
4th -26 and 27 July 1944
5th 7 July 1944
Total battle deaths 3,387
1,805 are listed=53.2% KIA--2,960

84TH INFAMY DIVISION "Railsplitters"

Activated (WW II)-15 October 1942

Returned To United States-19 January 1946

Inactivated-21 January 1946

Battle Credits, World War IIt Siegfried Line Ardennes Rhineland
North-Central Germany
Days In Combat-170

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Alexander R. Bolling June 1944-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 84th Infantry Division, during World War I, consisted of men mostly
from Kentucky, Indiana, and southern Illinois, Hence the axe-blade splitting a rail on
the divisional shoulder patch, since "Abe" Lincoln came from southern Illinois---and so,
the nickname Railsplitters. In fact, the 84th was originally called the "Lincoln Division."
In World War I, the 84th, like several other divisions, was used as a replacement pool for
other divisions already at the front.
In World War II, the 84th was reactivated at Camp Howze, Texas, about 60 miles north of
Dallas, on 15 October 1942.
After extensive training, the 84th arrived in England in early-October 1944, and moved
to near Winchester. It landed on then quiet Omaha Beach, Normandy, 1-4 November 1944, and
then moved to the vicinity of Gulpen, Holland, 5-12 November.
The 84th entered combat on 18 November 1944, as one of the 9th Army units taking part
in the assault to the Roer River. This included part of the Siegfried Line area. On the
84th's north flank was the British 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, and to the south (from
north to south)were the 102nd Infantry and the veteran 2nd Armored and 29th and 30th Infan-
try Divisions.
After a tremendous artillery barrage, the Americans moved forward, and there then began
a month of violent fighting.
The 84th's first mission was to clear the Geilenkirchen salient in conjunction with the
British 43rd Division. The terrain was mostly flat---ad tank country because the tanks
were always too exposed, and bad for the infantry, too, since they wound up carrying most
of the burden of the fighting.
Initially, there was very heavy German artillery fire. Opposing the 84th was the 183rd
Infantry Division which had been badly mauled on the Russian Front and had been reorganiz-
ed. But the Germans also committed part of their crack 9th Panzer Division which launched
repeated counterattacks amid the increasingly cold, rainy, dreary weather. As if this were
not enough, as the 84th slugged forward to the town of Beeck, the elite 10th SS Panzer Div-
ision appeared, part of which was also fighting against the 102nd Infantry Division. At
one point, elements of the 84th tangled with a sizeable force of the SS in a bitter, no-
holds-barred hand-to-hand encounter. The melee ended with a large portion of the SS men
being wiped out while the rest were captured.

One of the brightest aspects of the entire action was the tank-infantry teamwork.
This was all the more interesting since the tankers were British and the infantry were
men of the 84th. An excellent example of teamwork, also, was in the capture of Leiff-
arth, where the infantry advanced a scant 50 yards behind the crashing shells of the art-
Continuing rains made tiny lakes out of the GIs' foxholes. The roads were heavily min-
ed, and many of the houses in the villages were bitterly defended. Avenues of approach
were so narrow that every foot of the way was subject to staggering artillery fire. The
whole region was ideally suited for a battle of attrition. Eventually, due to the heavy
rains and the deep mud, the tanks were forced to drop out of the battle altogether.
After a few days of rest, the 84th returned to the battle, taking Wirm and Mtllendorf,
and concluding its part in this operation.
The Siegfried Line wasn't broken in the 84th's zone of attack--it was chipped away a
little at a time in intensive, strenuous combat under miserable weather conditions. The
Railsplitters destroyed 112 German pillboxes, and received the highest praise from the
veteran British units.
By this time, in mid-December 1944, the Germans had begun their all-out counteroffen-
sive in the Ardennes. Moving down on short notice from north of Aachen, the 84th secured
the line Marche-Hotton. For the first 3 days there was no contact with friendly forces
on either flank, until contact with the 3rd Armored Division was made on 24 December.
Marche and Hotton were key spots on the line of the advance of the Germans to the Meuse
River, a major German objective. Their panzer spearheads made repeated attempts in late-
December to seize these vital road centers. But, fighting in snow, sleet, and rain, the
84th, in hastily organized positions, held the line in a very valiant stand against the
first-class 116th Panzer Division. The few points where penetrations were made, the enemy
tanks and infantry were quickly sealed off and eliminated. At the end of a week of desp-
erate fighting, the 84th's front had held at all points, and the Marche-Hotton area was
firmly secured. This area was one of the furthest advances westward by any of the German
forces in the Bulge.
When on 3 January 1945, the U.S. Ist Army passed over to the offensive, the 84th, with
the 4th Cavalry Group attached, fought in close co-operation with the 2nd Armored Division.
Inspite of the bitterest weather yet experienced on the Western Front, and with snow waist-
deep, the Railsplitters with great skill took all their assigned objectives in the minim-
um of time and with great loss to the enemy.
After bitter, frustrating action Beffe and Devantave were taken, 4-6 January. With
the capture of Laroche, 11 January, the Germans were denied a major crossing area over
the Ourthe River. The 84th then cleared an area northwest of Grand Mormont. On 16 Jan-
uary 1945, two regiments of the division, along with the 2nd Armored, linked-up with the
llth Armored Division of Patton's 3rd Army at Houffalize.
After only a 5-day rest,, the 84th was again committed to action. In two days of bitter
combat it captured the important road center of Beho, and also Gouvy. The Battle of the
Bulge officially ended on 28 January 1945.
The Railsplitters were then secretly moved to an assembly area in southern Holland. On
7 February, the division assumed responsibility for the Roer River sector between Linnich
and Himmerich, and got ready to cross the river.
The assault across the Roer commenced on 23 February 1945. There was some ferocious
fighting in the earlier stages of the battle, and then more fluid warfare as the German
defenses began to crumble. The 84th took Boisheim and Dilken on 1 March. The division
then crossed the Niers Canal on the 2nd, and took the city of Krefeld on the 3rd. The
Germans resisted stubbornly, and it was on this same day that they tried to form a line of
resistance between Homberg and Urdingen with the 15th Panzer Grenadier and 406th Infantry
Divisions, plus some paratroopers. As a result, some of the heaviest fighting in the drive
to the Rhine suddenly flared up in the very final phase of the operation. The 84th reach-
ed the Rhine on 5 March.
The division then held defensive positions along the river's west bank for the remainder
of March.
Then, after crossing the Rhine, 1-2 April 1945, the 84th drove from Lembeck to Bielefeld

in conjunction with the 5th Armored Division. After crossing the Weser River against
very little opposition, the Railsplitters captured Erbeck, discovered a German arms fact-
ory built 350 feet into the side of a cliff, and then smashed into the city of Hannover
and took it in a tough, but skillful 3-day battle.
As the 84th advanced closer to the Elbe River, it joined forces with the 5th Armored
and some British units to wipe out pockets of enemy resistance east of Hamburg and south
and just west of the large river.
On 21 April, a force of some 200 Germans with their backs to the Elbe, fought back bit-
terly against elements of the 335th Infantry Regiment. The Germans also put up a fight
for Gartow, 2 miles west of the Elbe, and the men of the 335th were even strafed by enemy
planes. Some resistance was also met in the village of Kapern. A few other villages were
cleared on 22 April 1945, and, after a futile counterattack by a die-hard band of Germans,
the fighting ceased in the 84th's sector. The division's river line on the Elbe was then
40 miles long.
At Salzwedel, near the Elbe (population 15,000), the 84th liberated 3,000 women slave-
laborers of different nationalities. The less sickly went wild with joy, and some went
mad for revenge against any Germans they could encounter. But they had to be very care-
ful, as their stomachs had shrunken through malnutrition, and some of the weaker ones died,
the shock of a normal amount of food being too much for them. The scene was a mixed, con-
fusing one of sadness and jubilation.
Meanwhile, the 84th also maintained patrol activity on the west bank of the wide Elbe,
with orders from higher up not to advance any further east. And so, the Railsplitters
waited for the oncoming Red Army.
On 2 May 1945, the Russians were contacted at Bar.ow, and on the 3rd, General Bolling
and the staff of the 84th exchanged formal greetings with them at the headquarters of the
Russian 23rd Infantry Division at Bad Wilsnack.
Altogether, in 6 months of combat, the 84th bagged a total of 70,109 PCOs.
After V-E Day, 8 May 1945, with headquarters at Hannover, the 84th spent weeks trying
to help displaced persons find a place to stay, since so many no longer had homes.
The 84th remained on occupational duty in Germany until January 1946, but, like many
other outfits, much of its personnel had rotated back home much earlier.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-1,468
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 7 Killed In Action---1,284
Distinguished Service Crosses-12 Wounded --5,098
Silver Stars 555 Missing 129
Captured a49
Total Casualties---7,260



25 Oct 1 1 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111 29 3 Jan 11111111111 11
26 Oct 1 2 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 4 Jan 11111111111 11
27 Oct 1 3 Dec 111111111111111 15 5 Jan 111
S4 Dec 1111111111111 13 6 Jan 1111111111111111 16
3 5 Dec 11111111 8 7 Jan 1111111111111 13
6 Dec 1111111111111 13 8 Jan 1111111111 10
NOVEMBER 1944 7 Dec 11 9 Jan 11111111111 11
14 Nv 8 Dec 1 10 Jan 11111111 8
14 Nov 11 9 Dec 111 11 Jan 1
15 Nov 1 10 Dec 1 12 Jan 111
18 Nov 111111111111111 15 11 Dec 11 13 Jan 111111111111 12
19 Nov 11111111111 11 13 Dec 1 14 Jan 11111111 8
21 Nov 1111111111111111 16 16 Dec 111 15 Jan 11111
21 Nov 1111111111111111111111111111 16 18 Dec 1 16 Jan 111111
22 Nov 111111111111111111 18 approx.30 19 Dec 1111 17 Jan 11
23 Nov 111111111111111111 18 approx. 22 Dec 1 19 Jan 1111
24 Nov 111111111 1 60en 23 Dec 1111111 20 Jan 1
25 Nov 111111111 9 24 Dec 1111111111111 13 21 Jan 1
26 Nov 11111 25 Dec 11111111 8 22 Jan 111111
27 Nov 1 26 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 23 Jan 11111111111111111111111
28 Nov 1 27 Dec 1111111111 10 24 Jan 111 23
29 Nov 1111111111111111111111 22 28 Dec 1111 25 Jan 1
30 Nov 1111111111111 13 29 Dec 111 27 Jan 1
175 30 Dec 111 28 Jan 11
189 162


FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
6 Feb 1 1 Mar 111111111111 12 3 Apr 1 5 May 1
11 Feb 1 2 Mar 1111111111111111 16 4 Apr 1
16 Feb 1 3 Mar 1111111 5 Apr 1111 1
17 Feb 1 4 Mar 11111111111 11 6 Apr 11111
20 Feb 1 5 Mar 1111 7 Apr 1111111 JUNE 1945
23 Feb 111111111111 12 6 Mar 11 8 Apr 1111111
24 Feb 11111111111111111 17 7 Mar 11 9 Apr 1111111111 10 3 June 1
25 Feb 1111111111111111 16 9 Mar 1 10 Apr 1111 26 June 1
26 Feb 111111111111111 15 10 Mar 1 11 Apr 1 2
27 Feb 11111111 8 13 Mar 1 12 Apr 11
28 Feb 11111111111111111 17 20 Mar 1 13 Apr 1
90 22 Mar 1 14 Apr 1
30 Mar 11 19 Apr 1
61 21 Apr 111
22 Apr 1111
23 Apr 11111
24 Apr 11
26 Apr 1

-*bloodiest day 22 November 1944
bloodiest month December 1944
2nd bloodiest day 1 December 1944
3rd bloodiest day 23 January 1945
Total battle deaths 1,420
743 are listed=52.1~ KIA-1,282


Activated (WW II)-15 May 1942
Returned To United States and Inactivated-25 August 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Rome-Arno Northern Apennines Po Valley
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John B. Coulter February 1943--Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 85th Infantry Division, with the majority of its men
originally being from Michigan and Wisconsin, has been called the "Custer" Div-
ision since 1917, when its soldiers trained at Camp Custer, Michigan. The Ger-
mans, heavily punished by this hard-fighting outfit in World War II, gave it a
new name. They called it the "Elite Assault Division."
The 85th arrived in Casablanca, French Morocco, on 2 January 1944. The div-
ision received amphibious training at Port aux Poules, near Arzew and Oran, Al-
geria, from 1 February-23 March 1944, then embarking for Naples, Italy, and arr-
iving there on 27 March 1944.
Advance units appeared on the front north of Naples on 28 March. The divis-
ion, as a unit, was first committed in action along the Garigliano River, in the
Gustav Line, on 10 April 1944. It held defensive positions for a month.
Then, on 11 May 1944, the Allies launched their all-out offensive to smash
the Gustav Line. Time after time the 85th found itself fighting against seeming-
ly hopeless odds--like the platoon that was wiped out with German bodies piled
up all around it. 12 May 1944, was the 85th's bloodiest day in combat of the war.
But the 85th kept on slugging ahead. In furious, heavy fighting it advanced nor-
thward along with the 88th Infantry Division, taking Solacciano, Castellonorato,
and Formia by 18 May 1944. Numerous counterattacks were beaten back as the 85th
severely battered the famed Hermann G6ring Panzer Division. It was during this
early action of the 85th that it had the first of its four Medal of Honor winners
of the war in Italy, 1st Lieutenant Robert T. Waugh, 339th Infantry Regiment, near
Tremensuoli, Italy. Lt Waugh was personally responsible for eliminating 6 enemy
bunkers, 2 pillboxes, killing 30 of the enemy, and capturing 25 more. An inspir-
ation to his entire company, he was killed several days later while leading his
platoon in an attack on Itri, which fell on 19 May 1944.
After clearing the Gaeta Peninsula, Terracina was taken in fierce fighting, and
the way to the Anzio beachhead was opened. The 85th was then pinched out of the
attack, and started for a rest area on 29 May, but was then ordered to a sector
near Lariano, which it cleared in two days, including Monte Artemisio. The 85th
then battled for Monte Ceraso, 1-2 June 1944, which was captured by the 337th Inf-
antry Regiment. Meanwhile, the 338th Infantry reached Highway 6 at San Cesareo,
and the 339th Infantry took Monte Fiore. Frascati was captured on 3 June, and the
85th sped up the Via Tuscolana through Rome, 5 June 1944, and advanced to the Vi-
terbo River before being relieved on 10 June 1944.
The 85th had it relatively quiet during the summer of 1944, taking over the
defense of the Arno River Line, 15-26 August 1944, after rest and rehabilitation.
But then, in mid-September 1944, the Custer Division was given the job, along

with other 5th Army outfits, of hacking away at the extremely tough positions
of the German Gothic Line. In some of the toughest fighting of the war in It-
aly, the 85th took Verruca, Monte Pratone, and then battled for the key height
of 3,000-foot Monte Altuzzo. Defending this mountain was a regiment of the
elite German 4th Parachute Division.
The 338th Infantry Regiment, making the main effort, suffered heavy casual-
ties in a 4-day battle from 14-17 September 1944. The peak remained in German
hands. It was during this bitter battle that the 85th had another Medal of
Honor winner, Staff Sergeant George D. Keathley, on 14 September 1944.
Like Captain Robert E. Roeder, of the 88th Infantry Division on Monte Batta-
glia, S/Sgt Keathley was an inspiration to the men under him.
In bitter combat Sgt Keathley's company had advanced to within 50 yards of
its objective, when it was held up by withering enemy automatic, small-arms,
sniper, and mortar fire. Three desperate German counterattacks were defeated
with heavy losses on both sides. All officers and NCOs of Company B became
casualties, and Sgt Keathley assumed command of the remaining 20 men.
The Germans soon made a fourth counterattack with around two companies of
men. So strong was this attack that Company B was given up for lost. The men
now looked to Sgt Keathley for leadership, and he responded magnificently. He
shouted orders precisely and with determination, and his men responded with all
that was in them. Time after time the Germans were beaten back.
Suddenly, an enemy grenade exploded near the sergeant, and inflicted a mor-
tal wound in his left side. Hurling defiance at the enemy, he rose to his feet
and shot one German with his rifle. He continued shouting orders to his men
who were so inspired by his brave actions that they fought with incomparable
determination and viciousness.
The sergeant could have sought a sheltered position and, perhaps, saved his
life, but, instead, he continued to lead his men. Friendly artillery fire fin-
ally helped force the Germans to withdraw.
Sgt Keathley died a few moments later. Had it not been for his inspiring
leadership and indomitable courage, Company B might well have been wiped out.
His actions upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. military.
Supported by heavy air attacks, Monte Altuzzo was taken and held by 17 Sept-
ember 1944. Out of 400 men in the rifle companies of the assaulting battalion,
252 were killed or wounded.
Breaking through the Gothic Line, the 85th took Firenzuola on 21 September
1944, as well as Monte Frena and Monte Coloreta. Mud, rain, and very heavy
opposition slowed the 85th's advance. The 338th Infantry Regiment took Monte
Canda after severe fighting on 28 September. Other elements of the division
battled up the crest of Torre Poggioli and into Sambuco. La Martina was taken
on 1-2 October 1944, as the 337th Infantry Regiment cleared a ridge between the
Idice and Sillaro Rivers, and was subjected to heavy counterattacks on 3-4 Oct-
ober 1944. Quinzano was taken on 4 October, and the 85th's regiments then clear-
ed several more mountains in heavy fighting by 12 October 1944.
The 85th continued to advance northward above Monterenzio, and attacked Monte
Fano on 19 October 1944. Hill 459 switched hands, 22-23 October, and on 24 Oct-
ober 1944, the 85th reached Monte Mezzano--at the threshold of the Po Valley.
By this time, the U.S. 5th Army was completely exhausted from battling through
the mountains in the cold and rainy weather. The Germans packed the mountains
south of the city of Bologna with first-class troops, and neither the Americans
or the British 8th Army could make any further progress of any significance dur-
ing the remainder of 1944.
In most of November 1944, the 85th held a defensive area near Pizzano. On
23 November, the division was relieved for rest and rehabilitation.
On 6 January 1945, the 85th relieved the British 1st Infantry Division, and
limited its activities to cautious patrolling until 13 March 1945. For a time,
facing the 85th was a crack German paratroop division. The men on both sides

wore white cloaks and capes for camouflage up in the mountains.
Finally, on 14 April 1945, the Americans opened their all-out offensive to
smash the Germans in northern Italy. At first, held back in reserve, the 85th
then slashed forward taking Gesso, Tignano, and Casalecchio, and advancing to
the Po River. The 85th flung itself across the Po, though no bridges were
available in its sector of attack. The division used rafts, DUKWs, and any-
thing else that would float. The 85th advanced quickly through the city of
Verona, crossed the now unoccupied Adige Line--last German defensive posit-
ion in Italy--smashed into the Alps and, by sealing off the area south of the
Brenner Pass, trapped the remnants of the German 10th Army which surrendered
en masse. Officially, the Germans in Italy gave up on 2 May 1945.
When this day finally arrived, concluding the long, hard, frustrating, and
sometimes heartbreaking Italian campaign, the 85th had captured a grand total
of 27,429 POWs, uncovered millions of dollars worth of gold and valuable works
of art. The 85th also released from prison a number of international celeb-
rities the Germans had hidden at Lago di Braies, in the Alps, including Martin
Riembller, Leon Blum, Kurt Schusschnigg, and Fritz Thyssen.
The 85th was one of the Army's best, returning home on 25 August 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor---4 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-1,775
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 5 Killed In Action--1,561
Distinguished Service Crosses--0 Wounded 6,314
Silver Stars 545 Missing -?02
Captured `197
Total Casualties----8,774

* One to the entire 338th Infantry Regiment--Monte Altuzzo, Italy

Other 85th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II:
1st Lt Orville E. Bloch, 338th Inf Rgt, 22 Sept 1944, near Firenzuola, Italy
Sgt Chris Carr, 337th Inf Rgt, 1-2 October 1944, near Guignola, Italy



APRIL 1944 MAY 1944
1 Apr 1 2 May 11
2 Apr 1 4 May 1
4 Apr 11 5 May 1
6 Apr 1 6 May 11
8 Apr 111 10 May 11
9 Apr 1 11 May 111111111111 12
11 Apr 11 12 May 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
12 Apr 11 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 138*
14 Apr 11 13 May 11111111111111111111111111 26 approx. 265%men
15 Apr 1 14 May 11111111111111111111111111111111111111 38
16 Apr 111 15 May 111111111111111111 18
19 Apr 1 16 May 111111111111111111111111 24
23 Apr 1 17 May 11111111111 11
24 Apr 1 18 May 11111
25 Apr 1 19 May 111111
27 Apr 1 20 May 111111
29 Apr 11 21 May 111111
30 Apr 1 22 May 11111111 8
23 May 1111
27 24 May 1111
25 May 1111
26 May 1111
27 May 111111
28 May 11
31 May 11111111111111 14



1 June 111111111111 12 16 Aug 1 13 Sept 111111111111 12
2 June 1111111111 10 17 Aug 1111 14 Sept 11111111111111111111111111111111111111 38
3 June 111111111111111 15 19 Aug 1 15 Sept 111111111111 12
4 June 1 20 Aug 111 16 Sept 111
5 June 11 21 Aug 111 17 Sept 1111111111111111 16
6 June 11 22 Aug 11111 18 Sept 111111111111 12
7 June 111 23 Aug 1 19 Sept 1111111
8 June 11 24 Aug 1111 20 Sept 1111111
10 June 1 25 Aug 1 21 Sept 111
48 26 Aug 1 22 Sept 111111
24 23 Sept 111
24 Sept 111111111 9
25 Sept 111111111 9
26 Sept 1111111111111 13
27 Sept 1111111111 10
28 Sept 11111
29 Sept 11

3 wwII


1 Oct 11111111111111111111111111 26 1 Nov 11 6 Dec 1 12 Jan 1 2 Feb 1
2 Oct 111111111111111 15 2 Nov 1 22 Dec 1 13 Jan 1 5 Feb 1
3 Oct 111111111111111 15 3 Nov 11 23 Dec 1 14 Jan 1 8 Feb 1111
4 Oct 11111111 8 5 Nov 111 21 Jan 1 12 Feb 1
5 Oct 11 6 Nov 11 3 26 Jan 1 19 Feb 1
6 Oct 1111 7 Nov 11 30 Jan 1
7 Oct 111111 8 Nov 11 31 Jan 1
8 Oct 11111111 8 9 Nov 11
9 Oct 1111111 10 Nov 11111
10 Oct 11111111111111 14 14 Nov 1
11 Oct 11111111111 11 17 Nov 11
12 Oct 111111 18 Nov 1
13 Oct 11111111111111 14 19 Nov 1
14 Oct 111111111111111111 18 20 Nov 1
15 Oct 1111111111 10 27 Nov 1
16 Oct 11111111 8 28
17 Oct 1111111111 10
18 Oct 11
19 Oct 111
20 Oct 11111
21 Oct 1111111
22 Oct 11
23 Oct 111111
24 Oct 1111111
25 Oct 11111111111 11
26 Oct 11111111111 11
27 Oct 11111
28 Oct 11
30 Oct 1
31 Oct 111



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
3 Mar 1 18 Apr 1 5 May 1
8 Mar 1 19 Apr 111
11 Mar 1 20 Apr 111111 1
12 Mar 1 21 Apr 111
25 Mar 1 22 Apr 1111
31 Mar 1 27 Apr 1
6 18

*bloodiest day 12 May 1944
bloodiest month M-ay 1944
2nd bloodiest day 14 May and 14 September 1944
3rd bloodiest day 13 May and 1 October 1944
Total battle deaths 1,749
928 are listed=53.Q0 KIA--1,572


Activated (WW II)-15 December 1942

Inactivated-30 December 1946 on Leyte

Battle Credits, World War II: Ruhr Pocket Central Europe

Days In Combat-34

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Harris M. McLasky January 1943-December 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 86th Infantry Division fought in Europe for only a little over a
month, but during that time, the division earned respect from friend and foe alike for
its speed, maneuverability, and courage. Most of its men were originally from Illinois
and Wisconsin.
The 86th arrived at Le Havre, France, on 4 March 1945. It then moved east to Cologne
(KSln), Germany to take over defensive positions along the west bank of the Rhine, relie-
ving the 8th Infantry Division. After a short period of patrolling, the 86th crossed the
Rhine at Bonn, and moved to Eibelshausen on 5 April.
Then, in a rapid attack, the 86th cleared Attendorn, 11 April, and entered the Battle
of the Ruhr Pocket. It took Hohenlimabrg and GCsseldorf, before being transferred into
Bavaria, under the 3rd Army,
By 26 April, the Blackhawks had crossed the Altmiihl River, and advanced to a position
just outside of the sizeable town of Ingolstadt, by the Danube. Under persistent German
artillery fire, the 86th took this town and then moved to the banks of the Danube. That
evening, while American tanks lined the river banks and poured shells into the German
lines across the river, and while the 86th's mortars and machine-guns threw thousands of
rounds of steel into the dusk, infantrymen of the division shoved off from the north side
of the Danube and secured a bridgehead on the opposite bank. Once across, the men of the
86th had to fight off an enemy counterattack designed to throw them back into the water.
The 86th held.
Fighting against Germans who wouldn't yet admit they were licked, and against Hungarian
storm troopers whom the Nazis had thrown into the battle, the 86th fought its way south.
It secured a bridge over the Amper Canal, 29 April, crossed the Isar River, and reached
the outskirts of Wasserburg on 1 May 1945. The division was then ordered to withdraw the
next day, and move east to Salzburg, Austria. The 86th was securing the left flank of the
15th Corps, 7th Army, when V-E Day arrived on 8 May 1945.
After processing POWs, the 86th was one of the two U.S. divisions that actually got re-
deployed to the Far East from Europe--the other was the 97th Infantry Division. After a
2 month stay at Camp Gruber, Oklahoma, the 86th left from San Francisco on 24 August 1945,
for Leyte, in the Philippines.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--O Casualtiess Total Battle Deaths-161
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 0 Killed In Action--- 136
Distinguished Service Crosses--2 Wounded-- 618
Silver Stars 12 Missing ....12
Captured 19
Total Casualties-- 785



APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Apr 111111 2 May 11
2 Apr 1 3 May 1
10 Apr 11
11 Apr 11111111111 11
12 Apr 1
13 Apr 11
14 Apr 111111111111111111 18*approx. 309men
15 Apr 1111111111111111 16
16 Apr 1
18 Apr 11
19 Apr 1
20 Apr 1
21 Apr 1
25 Apr 111
26 Apr 111111111111111 15
27 Apr 11
28 Apr 11
29 Apr 11
30 Apr 1

*bloodiest day --14 April 1945
bloodiest month April 1945
2nd bloodiest day 15 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day -26 April 1945
Total battle deaths 161
91 are listed=56.. 5 KIA-136


Activated (WW II)-15 December 1942
Returned To United States-11 July 1945
Inactivated-20 September 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Lorraine-Saar Ardennes Rhineland Central Europe
Days In Combat-154
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Frank L. Culin, Jr. April 1944-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 87th Infantry Division had for its shoulder patch, an acorn, a trad-
itional symbol of strength. Before the Golden Acorn was through in Europe, it had convinc-
ed the Germans that this symbol was more than justified.
After extensive training at Ft. (then Camp) Hood, Texas, the 87th sailed from the United
States in mid-October 1944, arriving in Scotland, on the 22nd, and then training in England
from 23 October-30 November 1944.
The 87th landed at Le Havre, France, 1-3 December 1944, and was placed under the 3rd Ar-
my, as it moved up to the front. It first went into action on 8 December, when it took part
in the final phase of the capture of the fortress city of Metz, including Fort Driant.
The 87th then moved forward into the Saar, in 3rd Army's right (eastern) flank, reliev-
ing the worn-out, but valiant 26th Infantry Division on 13 December 1944. The 87th first
shifted to the vicinity of Gros Rederching, and then between 14-18 December, took the small
towns of Rimling, Obergailbach, and Guiderkirch, in 5 days of furious fighting, and sust-
aining very heavy casualties. Elements of the division then fought a terrific 3-day battle
in a woods inside Germany, before orders came down to dig-in and hold.
The 87th's brief, but very bloody stint in the Saar is borne out by the fact that it
lost close to 325 men killed in action or died of wounds: And, as it turned out, 16 Decem-
ber 1944, was the 87th's bloodiest day in combat. Nevertheless, considering the awful con-
ditions the 87th was about to go through in the already commenced Battle of the Bulge, noth-
ing could compare with that.
When the Germans launched their major counteroffensive in the Ardennes, 16 December 1944,
the 87th was one of the 3rd Army divisions which was eventually pulled out of the Saar, and
ordered to attack into the southern flank of the German "bulge" penetration. The recently
arrived llth Armored and 17th Airborne Divisions had been rushed over from Britain, and
these two outfits, along with the 87th, were placed in the western part of General Patton's
counteroffensive, with the 87th on the far left (west) flank in the vicinity of NeufchAteau.
The 87th and the llth Armored soon jumped-off into the attack on 30 December 1944, and
ran smack into the right flank of a renewed attack by the Germans on Bastogne, with their
Panzerlehr and 26th Volksgrenadier Divisions. The German assault was disrupted in furious
fighting, and on the morning of 4 January 1945, the 17th Airborne was thrown into the stru-
ggle. The weather was bitter cold, there were some snowstorms with heavy drifting, there
were numerous cases of frostbite, and the Germans resisted tenaciously--war at its worst.
Violent, fluctuating combat then occurred. The 87th had elements surrounded in a woods
east of St. Hubert, and was stopped near Pironpre, west of Bastogne, on 4 January. The
division was then forced out of Bonnerue, 6 January, and this town wasn't recaptured until

the 347th Infantry Regiment retook it on .1 January 1945. The rest of the 87th fought
for Tillet, 6-10 January 1945. It was during this battle that the 87th had a Medal of
Honor winner, Staff Sergeant Curtis F. Shoup, Company I, 346th Infantry Regiment, 7 Jan-
uary 1945, near Tillet, Belgium.
Sgt Shoup's company was attacking German troops on rising ground near Tillet. Intense
enemy machinegun fire pinned down and threatened to annihilate the company in an exposed
position, where frozen ground made it impossible to dig-in. Heavy artillery and mortar
fire added to the destruction falling upon the Americans.
Realizing that the machinegun must be silenced at all costs, Sgt Shoup, armed with an
automatic rifle, crawled to within 75 yards of the enemy emplacement. Finding his fire
ineffective from this position, he completely disregarded his own safety, and got up and
grimly strode ahead into a murderous stream of bullets, firing his low-held weapon as he
went. He was hit several times and was knocked down. But he struggled to his feet and
staggered forward until close enough to hurl a grenade and wiping out the machinegun nest.
He then attempted to crawl toward another machinegun nest, when he was killed by a sniper.
Sgt Shoup's inspiring heroism helped turn the tide of victory in the Americans' favor.
The 87th crossed the Ronce River, east of Petite Langlir, and a British outfit was con-
tacted at the Ourthe River, on 13 January 1945.
On 15 January 1945, the 87th moved eastward, into Luxembourg, to relieve the valiant
4th Infantry Division along the Sauer River, and seized Wasserbillig, on the 23rd. On
26 January, the 87th relieved the 17th Airborne Division beyond Wattermal, Belgium, and
the 346th Infantry Regiment took Espeler and several other towns south of St. Vith. The
87th then advanced to the vicinity of blasted-out St. Vith, 28 January 1945, and then took
Schlierbach, Selz, and Hogden.
Next, the Golden Acorn cracked the Siegfried Line, and entered the austere Eifel region
of extreme western Germany, at the beginning of February 1945. The weather was still bit-
ter cold and, for awhile, the 87th and 4th Divisions had to be supplied by airdrops. Re-
connaissance troops entered Roth on 3 February, as the division consolidated. The 87th
then fought a fierce battle at the Schnee Eifel Crossroads, east of Kobscheid, 6-7 Feb-
ruary 1945. The 345th Infantry Regiment then took Olzheim, on the 8th, and Neuendorf the
following day. The division then went on the defensive from 10-26 February 1945.
In the extreme left (northern) flank of the 3rd Army, the 87th attacked on 26 February
1945, against some well-defended German positions. Despite armored assistance, pillboxes
and other obstacles made the advance difficult, and the town of Ormont wasn't captured
until 1 March 1945. Ormont, as well as Hallschlag, were taken in skillful night attacks.
Against heavy resistance--4 March 1945 was especially rough--the 87th next crossed
the Kyll River, 6 March. With three regiments in line the next day, the division advanced
rapidly to seize the AhrhUtte bridge, intact, over the Ahr River. Dollendorf fell on 8
March 1945, and on the following day the 87th was withdrawn for rehabilitation.
After going back into the line, the 87th crossed the Moselle, 16 March 1945, against
ineffectual opposition. The 345th Infantry Regiment then cleared the large town of Kob-
lenz, 17-19 March, in house-to-house combat. At the same time, the 347th Infantry Regi-
ment took Oberspray.
On 25 March 1945, the 87th crossed the Rhine in the Boppard-Rhens area. It wasn't
easy. As the first wave of troops in the night began to sneak across in small boats, the
Germans on the far shore threw up flares. By their weird light, the Germans hurled in
heavy and accurate mortar fire. Casualties were heavy, but the 87th forced its way ac-
ross the large river, and pressed forward on the opposite bank. The division, despite
strong opposition, including a counterattack, consolidated its bridgehead, and captured
Grossenlinden and Langgons. Some units of the 87th were cited for this courageous action.
The 87th then consolidated its positions in the province of Hessen, south of Giessen.
On 7 April 1945, the 87th started an attack into central Germany, and fought through
part of the ThUringen Forest, having a fierce battle with some 2,000 Germans near Arnstadt.
With the loss of Saalfeld, the Germans lost one of their prize towns. Its capture further
hampered the already dying German war production machine. Elements of the 87th also got a

good look at what Nazidom stood for at the concentration camp at Ohrdruf.
After this experience, the 87th continued on to the east, capturing the city of Plauen
on 17 April 1945. The division then took up defensive positions from 20 April-4 May 1945,
about 4 miles from the Czech border. On 6 May, the 87th took Falkenstein, capturing many
prisoners, and elements of the division had its last major fight in the town of Oelsnitz.
Before V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 87th had crossed into Czechoslovakia. The battle through
central Germany had cost the 87th around 100 men.
During its time in combat, the 87th captured over 31,000 prisoners.
On 11 July 1945, the 87th returned to the United States, and was inactivated in Septem-
ber 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--1 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--1,269
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 3 Killed In Action----1,124
Distinguished Service Crosses--9 Wounded '4,342
Silver Stars 364 Missing 109
Captured 1129
Total Casualties--- 6,004



12 Dec 1 1 Jan 1111111111111111111111 22 1 Feb 111111111111111 15
13 Dec 1111111111 10 2 Jan 1111111111111 13 2 Feb 111111
14 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111111111 36 3 Jan 111111111 9 3 Feb 11111111 8
15 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 4 Jan 111111111111111 15 4 Feb 111
16 Dec 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 46* 5 Jan 1111111111 10 5 Feb 1
17 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111111 33 approx. 6 Jan 1111111111 10 6 Feb 1111
18 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 80)(men 7 Jan 1111111111 10 7 Feb 1111
19 Dec 111111111 9 8 Jan 11 8 Feb 11111111111 11
20 Dec 1111111 9 Jan 11111111 8 9 Feb 111
21 Dec 11 10 Jan 111111 10 Feb 1111111
22 Dec 111111 11 Jan 111111111 9 11 Feb 111111111 9
23 Dec 111111111 9 12 Jan 1111 13 Feb 11111
24 Dec 1111 13 Jan 1111111 14 Feb 1111
27 Dec 1 14 Jan 111 16 Feb 11
28 Dec 1 15 Jan 1 17 Feb 11
30 Dec 11 20 Jan 1 19 Feb 1111
31 Dec 1111 21 Jan 1 21 Feb 1
215 22 Jan 1 23 Feb 11
23 Jan 1 24 Feb 1
27 Jan 111 26 Feb 111111
29 Jan 1111111 27 Feb 11
30 Jan 111111111111111 15 28 Feb 111111111111111 15
31 Jan 111111



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 JUNE 1945
1 Mar 111111111 9 1 Apr 11 2 May 1 8 June 1
2 Mar 1111111 7 Apr 1 3 May 1
3 Mar 111111111 9 8 Apr 1111111111 10 6 May 1 1
4 Mar 111111111111111111111111 24 9 Apr 111 9 May 1
5 Mar 111111111111 12 10 Apr 1 28 May 1
6 Mar 1111 11 Apr 11
7 Mar 11111 12 Apr 111111 5
8 Mar 11111 13 Apr 11
9 Mar 1 14 Apr 11111111 8
11 Mar 1 15 Apr 111
13 Mar 1 16 Apr 1
16 Mar 1111111111 10 17 Apr 11
17 Mar 111111111111 12 19 Apr 1
18 Mar 111 20 Apr 1
19 Mar 1 22 Apr 1
20 Mar 111 25 Apr 1
21 Mar 111
24 Mar 11 45
25 Mar 1111111111111111111 19
26 Mar 111111
27 Mar 1111111111111 13
28 Mar 11111111111111111111 20
29 Mar 11111
30 Mar 1
31 Mar 1

*bloodiest day 16 December 1944
bloodiest month December 1944
2nd bloodiest day ----14 December 1944
3rd bloodiest day 17 December 1944
Total battle deaths 1,269
722 are listed=56.8% KIA-1,124


Activated (WW II)--15 July 1942

Inactivated-24 October 1947 in Italy

Battle Credits, World War II: Rome-Arno Northern Apennines Po Valley

Days In Combat-307

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John E. Sloan July 1942-September 1944
Maj-Gen Paul V. Kendall September 1944-July 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 88th Infantry Division arrived at Casablanca, French Morocco, on
15 December 1943, and moved to Magenta, Algeria, on the 28th for intensive training. It
arrived in Naples, Italy, 6 February 1944, and the entire division relieved a British out-
fit along the Garigliano River near Minturno on 5 March 1944. This area was part of the
German Gustav Line. To keep the Germans guessing, the men of the 88th were given British
helmets to wear. So efficiently was the relief effected that all who witnessed it were
amazed by the business-like manner in which the units of the division took over their res-
pective sectors.
A period of defensive patrolling followed, and the soldiers of the 88th soon became wise
to a number of German tricks including, notably, where a few of their men would offer to
surrender, waving a white flag, but not coming forward. The unwary GIs would move out into
the open and be mowed down by a hidden machine-gun. The 88th quickly got wise to this vic-
ious trick and made any Germans who wanted to give up to come to them, while they remained
in their foxholes, trenches, or behind other cover. During this static period of action
the 88th sustained losses of 99 men killed, 252 wounded, and 36 missing. It was only the
On 11 May 1944, the Allies opened an all-out offensive to smash the Gustav Line, and the
Blue Devils advanced in bitter and heavy fighting. It was on the very next day that the
88th had a Medal of Honor winner, 2nd Lieutenant Charles W. Shea, Company F, 350th Infantry
Regiment, Monte Damiano, Italy, 12 May 1944.
While going over the crest of Monte Damiano shortly after dawn, Lt Shea's platoon leader
was killed and his platoon sergeant wounded. Taking cover from enemy artillery, the lieut-
enant spotted two trip wires at his head and feet, and knew he was in the middle of a mine-
Then a German machine-gun opened up on the men trapped in the field. Lt Shea realized
it had to be silenced. Without hesitating he rose and started for the gun. As he approach-
ed, some sixth sense warned him to turn. He whirled about to see a German emerging from
another machine-gun position and pointing a machine-pistol at him. He leveled his rifle
and the German surrendered. Then 4 other Germans emerged from the position. One refused
to come out. Motioning with his rifle, Lt Shea directed the prisoners to the rear, one
being killed when he stepped on a mine. The last German rose to toss a grenade at an off-
icer leading another platoon, and Lt Shea got him with one shot.
Maneuvering to keep out of range of the gunner he'd started out to get, Lt Shea suddenly
found himself directly beneath another machine-gun nest, "so close I could have reached up

and touched the barrel." He captured 2 more Germans in this emplacement. A third German
suddenly stood up and fired 8 shots from a P38 at less than 15 yards--and missed. Like- -
wise, Lt Shea fired off an 8-round clip from his rifle, but, somehow, also missed. The
two men then both ducked for cover. The lieutenant waited with another clip in his rifle.
Then the German, blood streaming from his face, rose up to throw a grenade. The American
fired his MI and the German fell dead.
Altogether, that day, Lt Shea put 3 machine-gun positions out of action, captured sever-
al of the enemy, and his display of personal valor was an inspiration to his entire company.
Meanwhile, the 351st Infantry Regiment stormed into Santa Maria Infante and a particul-
arly bitter battle developed. American tanks knocked out 21 enemy machine-guns in the
first few hours. A hell of small-arms, machine-gun, and mortar fire fell upon the soldiers
as they advanced up the rocky slopes. The Germans also counterattacked, but the relentless
battering of the 351st was too much for them.
As the 88th slugged northward toward Rome, taking Itri, Fondi, and Roccagorga, the Ger-
man 94th Infantry Division was eliminated as an effective fighting force. On 29 May, the
88th linked-up with forces from the Anzio beachhead area and, after some sharp fighting
on the outskirts of Rome, entered "the eternal city" on 4 June 1944--two days before the
invasion of Normandy.
After a few weeks of rest and rehabilitation in Rome, the 88th went into defensive pos-
itions near Pomerance, 5 July and, after relieving the 1st Armored Division, launched a
double enveloping attack with the 349th and 350th Infantry Regiments on the ancient Etru-
scan stronghold of Volterra. The 351st Infantry, which had been held in reserve, was brou-
ght up even with the other two regiments. Volterra fell on 9 July 1944, Against bitter
resistance the Blue Devils pushed further north taking Laiatico on the 11th, Villamagna on
13 July, and crossing the Arno River on the 20th.
After a rest period, the 88th opened an assault on the Gothic Line, beginning 21 Sept-
ember 1944. The Gothic Line was some of the toughest fighting of the entire war. The Blue
Devils slugged across mountains and through concrete defenses thought to be impregnable.
The Germans struck back savagely and fanatically as the 88th forged ahead in its sector,
outdistancing other units and fighting with its flanks wide open as it caught hell from 3
sides in this raw, rainy autumn of 1944. Elements of the 88th battled to the top of the
key bastion of Monte Battaglia against violent German counterattacks. It was during this
bitterly fought action that the 88th had another Medal of Honor winner, Captain Robert E.
Roeder, Company G, 350th Infantry Regiment, 27-28 September 1944.
Captain Roeder commanded his company in defense of this strategic hill mass. Soon after
they occupied this hill, the Germans came on with determined counterattacks. Capt Roeder
constantly circulated among his men, reassuring and encouraging them and directing their
defense. During the sixth attack, the Germans, using flamethrowers and under cover of a
fog, succeeded in overrunning the position. Captain Roeder led his men in a fierce battle
which repulsed the Germans with heavy losses.
The following morning, while the company was repulsing another counterattack, Capt Roe-
der was seriously wounded by shell fragments and rendered unconscious. Regaining consciou-
sness, he refused medical aid, and then, though weakened, dragged himself to the door of
the command post and picked up a rifle, shouted encouragement to his men, and issued orders.
He personally killed two of the enemy, before he was killed instantly by an exploding shell.
Captain Roeder's indomitable courage and fighting spirit were an inspiration to his en-
tire company, and was vitally important in helping to fight off the enemy on Monte Battaglia
Altogether, for 7 days and nights in the face of incessant and violent counterattacks
by powerful German forces from elements of 4 different divisions, the 2nd Battalion, 350th
Infantry Regiment clung tenaciously to its positions. Each enemy assault was preceded by
artillery and mortar barrages and climaxed by bitter fire fights, use of flamethrowers by
the Germans, hand-to-hand combat, bayonet charges, and hand grenade duels. The gallant
men of the 88th repulsed each attack with a marked display of fighting ability and team-
work. Evacuation of the wounded was extremely difficult because of the inclement weather
conditions, the nature of the rugged terrain, and the fact that the Germans covered every
route of approach to Monte Battaglia with heavy artillery fire. On several occasions the
ammunition supply became dangerously low, and when the men exhausted their hand grenades
they resorted to throwing rocks at the oncoming enemy. Though fighting under the most

adverse battle conditions, the Americans never wavered. For this outstanding action the
2nd Battalion, 350th Infantry Regiment received the Distinguished Unit Citation, one of
three such awards won by the 88th in Italy.
At Gesso, Monte Acuto, Monte la Fine, Castel del Rio, and San Clemente the Blue Devils
stood off the worst that the enemy could throw at them. And, like so many of the earlier
battles in southern Italy, supplies often had to be brought up the mountains by pack-mule.
During this time, the 88th fought some of the best units in the German Army.
The various units of the U.S. 5th Army, after breaking through the Gothic Line in the
bitterest type of combat, continued to battle further north through the mountains. The
88th was in the center of the assault and the closest to breaking out of the mountains
south of the key city of Bologna. Courageously the Blue Devils slugged forward against
desperate resistance and succeeded in capturing the key feature of Monte Grande on 20 Oct-
ober 1944. But then, in a vicious night attack, the Germans shattered three companies of
the 88th, made up mostly of recently arrived replacements, near the village of Vedriano.
By this time, the 88th was exhausted, as were most all of the other 5th Army units, and
the effort to break out of the mountains and into the Po Valley failed. The 88th, for its
part, had done all it could. Just since 10 September 1944, the 4 main infantry divisions
of the 5th Army--the 34th, 85th, 88th, and 91st had lost 15,716 men killed and wounded.
This may give an idea as to how tough the fighting was in the northern Apennines. And the
weather was often miserable, and the American formations in Italy were lacking in sufficient
There then followed a lengthy period of patrol activity until mid-January 1945. Then the
division defended the Loiano-Livergnano area and, after a short rest, returned to the front.
By this time, the Blue Devils had destroyed or severely mauled 6 German divisions and cap-
tured over 5,500 prisoners.
Finally, on 14 April 1945, the 5th Army opened its all-out offensive to destroy the Ger-
man Army in northern Italy. It was bitter, intense fighting almost every step of the way,
but the 88th captured Monterumici on 17 April after an intensive artillery barrage, and the
Po River was reached on 23 April. The 88th bagged 15,000 more POWs including Major-General
von Schellwitz, commander of the German 305th Infantry Division.
In bitter street fighting the cities of Verona and Vicenza fell on 25 and 28 April, and
the 88th pursued the disintegrating Germans into the Alps. The 88th met elements of the
103rd Infantry Division which had fought through southern Germany in the Brenner Pass, and
the Germans in Italy surrendered on 2 May 1945. During the push through the Po Valley, the
88th captured more than 30,000 POWs in 16 action-packed days.
The 88th was better than good. As a captured major from the German 1st Parachute Divis-
ion, pride of the Wehrmacht, told his interrogators, "The 88th was the best we ever fought
The 88th formed part of the Army of Occupation (although most all of its men who had seen
a lot of action were rotated back home) until it was inactivated in Italy in October 1947.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-2,606
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 3 Killed In Action----2,298
Distinguished Service Crosses--40 Wounded 9,225
Silver Stars 522 Missing 94
Captured -647
Total Casualties--13,111



MARCH 1944 APRIL 1944 MAY 1944
2 Mar 1 4 Apr 1 3 May 1
5 Mar 1 5 Apr 11 4 May 11
6 Mar 111111 6 Apr 1 5 May 1
8 Mar 1 8 Apr 11 7 May 1
9 Mar 11 11 Apr 1 9 May 11
10 Mar 1 13 Apr 1 10 May 1
11 Mar 11 14 Apr 1 11 May 11
12 Mar 111111 15 Apr 1 12 May 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
13 Mar 11 24 Apr 11 13 May 111111111111111111111111111 27 72*2approx. 135*men
14 Mar 111111 27 Apr 11 14 May 11111111111111 14
16 Mar 11111111 8 30 Apr 1 15 May 1111
17 Mar 11 15 16 May 1
18 Mar 111 17 May 1111
19 Mar 1 19 May 11111111 8
22 Mar 1 20 May 111111111111 12
27 Mar 11 21 May 11111111111111111 17
28 Mar 11 22 May 11111
23 May 1111
47 24 May 11
25 May 111111
26 May 111
27 May 111
28 May 1111
29 May 1
30 May 1



JUNE 1944 JULY 1944 SEPTEMBER 1944
1 June 1111 6 July 1 5 Sept 1
2 June 11111111 8 8 July 1111111111 10 21 Sept 111
3 June 1111111 9 July 11111111111111111111111 23 22 Sept 11
4 June 1111111 10 July 11111111111111111 17 23 Sept 111111
5 June 11111 11 July 1111111111111 13 24 Sept 111111111111111111111111111111 30
6 June 1 12 July 111111111111111111111111111 27 25 Sept 111111111111111111111111 24
8 June 1 13 July 1111111111111111111111111 25 26 Sept 111 11111111111 18
9 June 1 14 July 111111111111111111111 21 27 Sept 1111111111111111 16
10 June 1 15 July 1111111111111111111111111111 28 28 Sept l1111111111111111111111111 26
25 June 1 16 July 1111111111111111111111 22 29 Sept 11111111111111111111111111111 29
26 June 1 17 July 111111111111111111111 21 30 Sept 111111111111111111 18
18 July 111111111111111111 18
19 July 11111111111 11 1
20 July 111111
21 July 11111
22 July 11
23 July 111
24 July 11111
25 July 1
26 July 111111
27 July 111



1 Oct 1111111111111111111111111 25 1 Nov 111 7 Dec 11111 1 Jan 1
2 Oct 11111111111 11 2 Nov 11111 9 Dec 111111 2 Jan 11
3 Oct 11111111111111111111111111 26 3 Nov 1 13 Dec 1 6 Jan 11
4 Oct 1111111 4 Nov 1 16 Dec 1 7 Jan 1
5 Oct 111111111111111 15 6 Nov 1 20 Dec 1 8 Jan 111111111111 12
6 Oct 11111 9 Nov 1 21 Dec 11 9 Jan 1
7 Oct 1111111111111 13 10 Nov 1 26 Dec 11 11 Jan 1
8 Oct 1111111 11 Nov 1 27 Dec 11 22 Jan 1
9 Oct 111111 13 Nov 111 29 Dec 1 23 Jan 11
10 Oct 11111111111111111111111111 26 14 Nov 11 30 Dec 1
11 Oct 1111111111111111111111111 25 16 Nov 11 31 Dec 1 23
12 Oct 111111111111111111111111111111 30 18 Nov 1
13 Oct 111111111111 12 19 Nov 1
14 Oct 1111111111111111111111 22 20 Nov 11
15 Oct 11111111111 11 21 Nov 11111
16 Oct 1111111111111 13 24 Nov 1
17 Oct 11111111111111 14 26 Nov 11
18 Oct 1111111 27 Nov 1
19 Oct 11111111 8 29 Nov 1
20 Oct 1111111111111111 16 30 Nov 11
21 Oct 11111111 8
22 Oct 11111
23 Oct 11111111111 11
24 Oct 111111111111 12
25 Oct 11111111111111111111 20
27 Oct 111111
28 Oct 11
29 Oct 1
30 Oct 11111
31 Oct 1111



FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 13 Apr 1 1 May 11
2 Feb 1 3 Mar 1 15 Apr 11 2 May 11
9 Feb 1 6 Mar 1 16 Apr 1111111111111lll11111111111 30 8 May 1
13 Feb 11 7 Mar 1 17 Apr 111111111111111111111111 24
14 Feb 1 18 Mar 1 18 Apr 111111111111111 15
6 26 Mar 1 19 Apr 11111
6 20 Apr 11
21 Apr 111
22 Apr 11111111 8
23 Apr 11111
24 Apr 1
26 Apr 111111
27 Apr 11
29 Apr 1111111

*bloodiest day -12 May 1944
bloodiest month October 1944
2nd bloodiest day 24 September and 12 October 1944; 16 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day 29 September 1944
Total battle deaths 2,529
1,322 are listed=52.2% KIA-2,282


Activated (WW II)-15 July 1942

Returned To United States-16 December 1945

Inactivated-27 December 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Rhineland Central Europe

Days In Combat-57

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Thomas D. Finley February 1943-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 89th Infantry Division, which originally had many men from both
the central states and the Southwest, saw heavy fighting in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-
Argonne operations during World War I. It also came away with 9 Medal of Honor winners
in that war and had 980 men killed in action and 6,111 wounded.
In World War II, the 89th entered combat quite late in the war. The division landed
at Le Havre, France, on 21 January 1945, and engaged in several weeks of pre-combat trai-
ning. After being committed to the U.S. 3rd Army, the 89th moved up to along the Sauer
River, east of Echternach, Luxembourg, on 11 March 1945.
On 12 March, the 3rd Army offensive began, and no battle-hardened troops ever attack-
ed more relentlessly than the line companies of the 89th. The division plunged across
the Sauer in a rapid advance to and across the Moselle, 17 March, and into the Palatin-
ate. The 89th established a bridgehead through which the llth Armored Division passed
in its battle to the Rhine.
After clearing an area between the Moselle and Glan Rivers, the 89th moved to a new
sector for a crossing of the Rhine between the towns of Kestert and Kaub. By noon, 26
March, after losing around 100 men killed in action (the division's bloodiest day in
combat), the 89th had established three bridgeheads, and within a week had completed
mopping-up in the rough, wooded area of the Bingen Bulge, including the capture of the
town of Bingen, on the Rhine.
After crossing the Rhine, the 89th headed into the province of Hessen, consolidating
its positions.
Then, in early-April 1945, the 89th, along with other 3rd Army divisions, started an
attack in Thuringia, in central Germany. Eisenach was the first sizeable town to fall
to the division, after a tough fight against SS troops. The next objective was the town
of Friedrichroda, core of the vaunted Nazi redoubt in Thuringia. After a bitter battle
it fell by 8 April. Further east, as the 89th advanced into part of the Thiringen For-
est, it had a sharp battle with some 2,000 Germans in the vicinity of Arnstadt. The
87th Infantry Division was also in on this fight. In one town, 330 Polish women offic-
ers were liberated.
Continuing on to the east, the 89th captured the city of Zwickau against light oppo-
sition, 17 April, and then advanced to the Mulde River, where the drive was halted on
the 23rd. At this time the division had already passed under control of the 1st Army.
From then, until V-E Day, the 89th saw only limited action, engaging in patrolling and

general security. Three sizeable towns, L6ssnitz, Aue, and Stollberg, were kept under
constant pressure, but no attacks were launched until a few days before V-E Day, when
the 89th pushed into northwestern Czechoslovakia, meeting moderate resistance.
The 89th returned home on 16 December 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--O Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-325
Distinguished Unit Citations--0 Killed In Action-- 292
Distinguished Service Crosses--0 Wounded 692
Silver Stars '46 Missing 5
Captured 1,0
Total Casualties--1,029

The 89th Infantry Division had an unusually high percentage of men killed in action to
its total casualties--30. ---which may help indicate the elan of its attacks. The
usual World War II ratio for an American combat division was, most frequently, around
20-23 per cent.



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Mar 11 4 Apr 11111 4 May 11111
11 Mar 11 5 Apr 11
13 Mar 11 6 Apr 1111111 5
15 Mar 1111111 7 Apr 111
16 Mar 11111111 8 8 Apr 111111111111 12
21 Mar 1 9 Apr 1111
26 Mar 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 57* 10 Apr 1
27 Mar 111 approx. 11 Apr 11111111 8
28 Mar 11111111111111111 17 105qmen 12 Apr 11
30 Mar 11 14 Apr 111
101 15 Apr 1
16 Apr 1
17 Apr 1111
18 Apr 11
20 Apr 11
23 Apr 1
25 Apr 1
27 Apr 1
30 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 26 March 1945
bloodiest month March 1945
2nd bloodiest day 28 March 1945
3rd bloodiest day 8 April 1945
Total battle deaths 311
167 are listed=53.6% KIA-281

90TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Tough 'ombres"

Activated (WW II)-25 March 1942

Returned To United States-16 December 1945

Inactivated-27 December 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France Lorraine-Saar
Ardennes Rhineland Central Europe
Days In Combat-308

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Brig-Gen Jay W. MacKelvie January-July 1944
Maj-Gen Eugene M. Landrum July-August 1944
Maj-Gen Raymond S. McLain August--October 1944
Maj-Gen James A. Van Fleet October 1944-February 1945
Maj-Gen Lowell W. Rooks February-March 1945
Maj-Gen Herbert L. Earnest March-November 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 90th Infantry Division was originally composed of men mainly from
Texas and Oklahoma. Thus, the monogram T-O on the division shoulder patch. The 90th
first saw combat in World War I, in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives.
In World War II, the 90th landed in England on 5 April 1944, and trained from then until
early-June. Elements of the division saw combat on D-Day at Utah Beach, with the rest of
the outfit entering the fighting in Normandy on 10 June 1944--D-plus 4.
After the landings, the 90th, previously untried in combat, fought for 53 straight days.
However, the 90th got off to a very shaky start. Voluntary pullbacks and continued collap-
ses among certain units within the division soon threatened the entire American sector in
At first, the 90th cut across the Merderet River and took very heavy casualties. The
German 91st Infantry Division resisted with professional ferocity. After defensive action
along the Douve River, the 90th entered the misty hell of Forkt de Mont Castre, in early-
July. For 3 years the Germans had been using this area for maneuvers, and knew the terrain
intimately. Besides this, it was a heavily fortified sector, the strong point in a line
running east from Coutances. Facing the 90th were SS troops and paratroopers. The 90th
battled in the forest for 8 days. Camouflaged enemy paratroopers took advantage of the low
visibility in the area, and the 90th again suffered very heavy losses, but, still took Mont
Castre. An attack on the island of Seves then failing, 23 July, the division bypassed it
and captured Periers on the 27th.
By this time, General Omar Bradley had sent his ace troubleshooter into the 90th's area
to investigate the division's situation, and then report back to him. General McLain said
the trouble seemed to be in the higher levels of the chain of command. Surprised, General
Bradley then proceeded to relieve 16 of the division's officers-the lowest one in rank
being a major!
As the Americans broke the stalemate in Normandy in late-July and began the breakout ac-
ross northern France, the 90th was put under the command of General McLain, one of the most
dynamic and capable field commanders to come out of the war. Under his leadership, the 90th
soon transformed into a very good outfit--in fact, one of the best.

After crossing the Selune River and seizing St. Hilaire-du-Harcouet, the 90th then help-
ed close-in on the Falaise Gap and took Chambois on 19 August 1944. The 90th captured over
12,000 prisoners in the Falaise Gap, and killed many more of the enemy. But the stench of
decay from dead horses and human flesh in this bombed-out, artillery blasted area was al-
most overpowering. Still, a large number of German troops managed to fight out of this
trap--to cause a great deal of trouble in future battles. These troops included large
parts of the vaunted 1st SS Panzer and 3rd Parachute Divisions and sizeable elements of the
116th Panzer and 353rd Infantry Divisions.
Under General Patton's 3rd Army the 90th raced across northern France, through Verdun,
6 September, and then repulsed a major German armored attack. Into Lorraine, for lack of
fuel, the Americans were forced to dig-in, giving the Germans time to regroup and strength-
en their defenses. As the weather turned increasingly foul during October 1944, the 3rd Ar-
my temporarily suspended offensive actions along its front. However, in late-October, the
90th launched a limited attack on the heavily defended town of Maizieres-les-Metz, which
fell after several days of fighting on 30 October 1944.
Then, while the 95th Infantry Division attacked the fortress city of Metz from the west,
and the 5th Infantry Division from the south, the 90th was given the highly difficult job
of crossing the swollen Moselle River north of the city. Normally, the Moselle is a plac-
id, lovely stream. But the unusually heavy autumn rains had turned it into a raging torr-
ent I mile wide. In the assault, some boats overturned but, heroically, every man was res-
cued, and the men reached the far side of the river to around Fort K6nigsmacker on 9 Novem-
ber. This was in the region of Thionville.
Then, a few days later, the 90th was hit by a violent assault by the 25th Panzer Grenad-
ier Division. The 90th had a Medal of Honor winner in this furious fighting, Technical
Sergeant Forest E. Everhart, Company H, 358th Infantry Regiment, 12 November 1944, near
Kerling, France.
Before his men knew what was happening, German tanks and infantry penetrated their left
flank. Sgt Everhart took command and organized the defense. After an hour, only he and
one machinegunner were left out of his platoon, but they stopped a German attack. Upon
this happening, the sergeant charged the Germans and killed at least 30 of them.
The surviving Germans withdrew, but then circled around to come up on his right. The
sergeant grabbed a handful of grenades and once again moved forward alone, throwing the
grenades wherever he found clusters of the enemy. The advance of the Germans was stopped
cold. Sgt Everhart had dispatched at least 20 more of the enemy. His actions were in
keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. military.
In the overall battle, although the 90th sustained heavy casualties, the German dead
ranged all the way from 600-700 yards in the distance to just a few feet from the GIs fox-
holes. General Patton visited the battlefield afterwards and stated that he had never yet
seen so many enemy dead in one area.
Between 6-18 December 1944, the 90th, as one of Patton's prize divisions, fought into
the Saar, engaged in vicious house-to-house fighting in Dillingen, northwest of Saarlautern,
and established a bridgehead across the Saar River.
But before Patton could make a major assault into the Saar and, possibly, reach the
Rhine, the Germans struck with their all-out counteroffensive in the Ardennes on 16 Decem-
ber 1944. The 90th was secretly pulled out of the Saar, leaving only a skeleton radio net
to fool the eavesdropping Germans. All men were ordered to remove their shoulder patches.
The 90th had become such a crack outfit that even the Germans knew it. Captured German
documents stated, "Prisoners identified as belonging to the 90th Division will be immediat-
ely taken to regimental G-3." The Germans felt that movements of the 90th might tip them
off to overall 3rd Army strategy.
At first, being held back in reserve, the 90th took the offensive on 9 January 1945,
attacking into Luxembourg into the southern flank of the bulge salient the Germans had
created. It was bitter cold, there were heavy snowdrifts, and the Germans resisted fanat-
ically, particularly when they savagely counterattacked at a place called Oberwampach. As
the 90th, along with other 3rd Army divisions, painfully fought its way north, the Germans
were finally forced back within the Siegfried Line after some of the most bitter fighting
of the entire war. As the 90th helped force the Siegfried Line, another one of its 4 Medals

of Honor of the war occurred in the person of Corporal Edward A. Bennett, Company B, 358th
Infantry Regiment, near Heckhuscheid, Germany, 1 February 1945.
Corporal Bennett and the rest of Company B were advancing over open terrain just after
dark, near the village of Heckhuscheid. Suddenly, vicious German machinegun fire pinned
down the company and caused several casualties. Corporal Bennett began crawling to the
edge of a field in an effort to outflank, and get to the machinegun by a circuitous route,
which was in a house on the edge of the village. Inspite of the fact that the enemy spot-
ted him by the light of some burning buildings, and tried to cut him down, he still managed
to reach the safety of some trees. Stealthily, he circled around behind the house, and kil-
led the sentry guarding the back door with his knife. Then he charged into the darkened
house. In a furious hand-to-hand struggle, he stormed about a single room in which there
were 7 Germans. He killed 3 with rifle fire, another with the butt of his rifle, and the
last three with a .45 caliber pistol.
This courageous soldier eliminated the enemy fire which was decimating his company's
ranks, and allowed it to sweep all further resistance from this village. Corporal Bennett
survived the war to receive his award.
The 90th pushed into the austere Eifel, and forced the Kyll River against heavy resist-
ance. Then the division crossed the Moselle and captured the city of Mainz, on the Rhine,
22 March 1945. Isolated pockets of resistance were quickly overcome. The streets had been
heavily mined, but the disillusioned civilians, sick to death of Nazi lies and weary of war,
volunteered to lead the GIs safely through the maze of mines.
After crossing the Rhine, along with other 3rd Army divisions, the 90th headed northeast
through the province of Hessen, and then cut a swath through central Germany. On 2 April,
the 90th reached the Werra River, running into fierce opposition. Ignorant of the German
determination to hold at all cost, the 90th smashed through the German defenses and advanced
to the east. Vacha was taken against stiff resistance, and then Dippach, Oberzella, and
Merkers. Thanks to two German women who told them of this, men of the 90th made an amazing
discovery at Merkers. They uncovered a mine with Germany's entire gold supply and a great
portion of its wealth and stolen treasures. There was currency from many different nations,
including 5 billion German marks and 2 million American dollars. There were some 4,500 gold
bricks, weighing 35 pounds each, and worth over $57,000,000:
From Zella-Mehlis, home of the Walther small arms factories, the 90th negotiated its way
through part of the difficult country of the Thiringen Forest and cut to the southeast.
A news blackout had been imposed on the activities of the 3rd Army for several days. When
it was lifted, the 90th had cut Germany in two and seized the rail center of Hof against fan-
atical but futile resistance.
Now advancing south-southeast, the 90th, using the Czech border as its left boundary, cap-
tured Marktredwitz, Tirachenreuth, Flossenburg, and Weiden. At Flossenburg, the 90th got to
see what the Nazis were really capable of doing, for here was one of the most infamous con-
centration camps in Germany. Bodies of former inmates were stacked grotesquely like cord-
wood, and the ovens used for disposing of the bodies were on display. More than 1,100 sur-
viving inmates, living under indescribably hard conditions, were liberated by the men of the
90th. With memories of Flossenburg etched indelibly in their brains, the Americans moved on.
Scattered resistance continued as the 90th took Cham at the edge of the Bohemian Forest,
near the Czech border. The heavily wooded Sudeten hills were as formidable an obstacle as
the Eifel. Patrols venturing into the vast wooded area met sharp opposition from the battle-
wise llth Panzer Division.
On 30 April, the 90th opened an attack in the region of Waldminchen and met stubborn opp-
osition from tank, artillery, and small-arms fire. The dense forest made progress difficult.
Plans were then abruptly altered when the redoubtable llth Panzer, having ran out of fuel
for its tanks, and wishing to prevent further bloodshed on both sides, surrendered the 9,000
men it had left to the indomitable 90th. At this time, this was one of the largest enemy
formations that had been fighting the Allies.
Then, the 90th crossed into Czechoslovakia during the last several days of the war as
part of the 3rd Army final attack of the war. On the division's left flank was the great
2nd Infantry Division, and on the right was the rampaging 4th Armored Division. Resistance,
for the most part, was sporadic and ineffective. However, in the village of Zhuri, members

of the 90th were ambushed by around 100 Officer Candidates, and one company suffered 20
casualties. The Americans, enraged at these losses so late in the war, fought into Zhuri.
In hand-to-hand combat they killed 24 of the enemy and captured the remainder.
Then, finally, V-E Day arrived on 8 May 1945.
Among the 90th's many noteworthy achievements, were a total of 83,437 prisoners captured,
and the following enemy material destroyed or captured: over 500 tanks, 195 self-propelled
guns, 1,228 artillery pieces, 134 airplanes, 82 locomotives, and 32 ammunition dumps.
After extensive occupational duty in northeastern Bavaria, the 90th returned home in
December 1945, although a great many of its personnel who had seen extensive combat were
rotated back to the United States much earlier.
All of the great accomplishments of the 90th Infantry Division were not without very
heavy cost. It is 9th highest in number of total battle deaths of any American division
in World War II. Nevertheless, as one of the U.S. divisions the Germans most respected,
the 90th was one of General Patton's toughest and most reliable outfits. It seldom, if
ever, let him down.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--4 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-3,868
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 5 Killed In Action-- 3,270
Distinguished Service Crosses-78 Wounded 14,386
Silver Stars---- 1,418 Missing 287
Captured 1,185
Total Casualties-- 19,128

Other 90th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War III Killed in action *
Sgt John D. Hawk, 359th Inf Rgt, 20 August 1944, near Chambois, France
Pfc Foster J. Sayers, 357th Inf Rgt, 12 November 1944, near Thionville, France

Corporal Edward A. Bennett (later, Captain Bennett, in 1959), was the author's
commanding officer in an advanced infantry training company at Ft. Ord, California,
from January-March 1959. Captain Bennett not only looked and acted like a soldier
but, was one in the best sense of the word. Rather rough looking, well-built, and
soft-spoken, he never threw his weight around or bothered anyone.

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