Title Page
 Front Matter
 Florida state depositories
 11th airborne division "The...
 13th airborne division
 17th airborne division "Thunder...
 82nd airborne division "All-Am...
 101st airborne division "Screaming...
 1st armored division "Old...
 2nd armored division "Hell...
 3rd armored division "Spearhea...
 4th armored division "Breakthr...
 5th armored division "Victory"
 6th armored division "Super...
 7th armored division "Lucky...
 8th armored division "Thundering...
 9th armored division "Phantom"
 10th armored division "Tiger"
 11th armored division "Thunder...
 12th armored division "Hellcat...
 13th armored division "Black...
 14th armored division "Liberat...
 16th armored division
 20th armored division
 Compilation of information and...

Title: Summary histories
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047649/00001
 Material Information
Title: Summary histories World War II Airborne and Armoured Divisions
Series Title: Special archives publication
Physical Description: 1 v. (unnumbered) : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Picken, Jack L
Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Publisher: State Arsenal, St. Francis Barracks
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: [1992?]
Subject: World War, 1939-1945 -- Regimental histories -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: At head of title: Florida Department of Military Affairs.
General Note: "... was compiled by Jack L. Picken of Waterloo, Iowa"--Introduction.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00047649
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida National Guard
Holding Location: Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001753806
oclc - 26706909
notis - AJG6792

Table of Contents
    Title Page
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
        Unnumbered ( 4 )
    Florida state depositories
        Unnumbered ( 5 )
    11th airborne division "The Angels"
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    13th airborne division
        Page 5
    17th airborne division "Thunder from Heaven"
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    82nd airborne division "All-American"
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    101st airborne division "Screaming Eagle"
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    1st armored division "Old Ironsides"
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    2nd armored division "Hell on Wheels"
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    3rd armored division "Spearhead"
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    4th armored division "Breakthrough"
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
    5th armored division "Victory"
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    6th armored division "Super Sixth"
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
    7th armored division "Lucky 7th"
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    8th armored division "Thundering Herd"
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    9th armored division "Phantom"
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
    10th armored division "Tiger"
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
    11th armored division "Thunderbolts"
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
    12th armored division "Hellcat"
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
    13th armored division "Black Cat"
        Page 95
        Page 96
    14th armored division "Liberator"
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
    16th armored division
        Page 101
    20th armored division
        Page 102
        Page 103
    Compilation of information and statistics relating to US army casualties during the Second World War
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
Full Text

Digitized with the permission of the



Digital images were created from printed source
documents that, in many cases, were photocopies of
original materials held elsewhere. The quality of
these copies was often poor. Digital images reflect
the poor quality of the source documents.

Where possible images have been manipulated to
make them as readable as possible. In many cases
such manipulation was not possible. Where
available, the originals photocopied for publication
have been digitized and have been added,
separately, to this collection.

Searchable text generated from the digital images,
subsequently, is also poor. The researcher is
advised not to rely solely upon text-search in this


Items collected here were originally published by the
Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL
ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida
National Guard for additional information.

The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to
content originating with the Guard.


were digitized by the University of Florida in
recognition of those serving in Florida's National
Guard, many of whom have given their lives in
defense of the State and the Nation.




Special Archives Publication

State Arsenal
St. Francis Barracks
St. Augustine, Florida



These Special Archives Publications are produced as a service to Florida communities,
historians and any other individuals, historical or geneaological societies and both national
and state governmental agencies which find the information contained therein of use or
value. They are automatically distributed to all official Florida State archival records

At present, only a very limited number of copies of these publications are produced.
They are provided to certain state and national historical record depositories and other
public libraries and historical societies at no charge. Any copies remaining are given to
other interested parties on a first come, first served basis.

Information about the series is available from the Historical Services Division, Depart-
ment of Military Affairs, State Arsenal, PO Box 1008, St. Augustine, Florida 32085.

Robert Hawk


The information in all the Summary Unit Histories was compiled by Jack L. Picken of
Waterloo, Iowa. He is an amateur historian who has made the research and study of
American combat units in the wars of the twentieth century his life's work. These
summaries were sent to us as part of his contribution to the establishment of the Camp
Blanding Museum and Memorial Park of the Second World War.

Some of the material was extracted from the standard works on US units listed below.
But there is considerable information contained in these pages that is the result of dogged
research in original records, especially the detailed information concerning unit casualties
and decorations awarded. The statistics on day to day casualties Mr. Picken has
researched for most combat units is absolutely unique and available in this form in no other
source. (His statistics on casualties are more accurate than those available from normal
official sources!)

There are some gaps in the information available and some "fine tuning" yet to be
accomplished but eventually we hope to put this material on a computer and publish it in
a more complete and professional manner. Until then these photocopied compilations will
meet the immediate needs of all those interested in the incredible history of America's
soldiers, airmen and marines during the Second World War.

Robert Hawk
Department of Military
St. Augustine, Florida


Army Almanac (1950)
Committee on Veterans Affairs; Medal of Honor Recipients 1863-1978
Fighting Divisions; Kahn, Ely J. and McLemore, Henry
Library, US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania
University of Iowa; Army Divisional Combat Narratives, World War II (Archives)
Other public and private standard informational sources and institutions were con-
sulted as necessary


State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are
available to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary
loan, subject to each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries
that are obligated to give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be
directed to the nearest depository.

Bay Vista Campus Library (1982) *State Library of Florida (1968)
Documents Department Documents Section
Florida International University R. A. Gray Building
North Miami, Florida 33181 Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0250

Brevard County Library System (1968) Stetson University (1968)
308 Forrest Avenue Dupont-Ball Library
Cocoa, Florida 32922-7781 Deland, Florida 32720-3769

Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968)
100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North
Jacksonville, Florida 32211
*Central Florida Regional Lib. System (1972)
15 Southeast Osceola Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County (1968)
Ocala, Florida 32671 Public Library System
900 North Ashley Street
*Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602
P. O. Box 3092 *University of Central Florida (1968)
Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library
Post Office Box 25000
*Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666
Documents Section
Tamiami Campus Library Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968)
Miami, Florida 33199 Documents Department
Gainesville, Florida 32611
*Florida State University Library (1968)
Documents Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968)
Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications
P.O. Box 248214
*Jacksonville Public Libraries (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124
122 North Ocean Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202-3374 *University of North Florida Library
Documents Division (1971)
Lee County Library System (1991) Post Office Box 17605
2025 Lee Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Ft. Myers, Florida 33901-3989
*University of South Florida (1968)
*Miami-Dade Public Library System (1968) Library Special Collections
101 West Flagler Street 4204 Fowler Avenue
Miami, Florida 33130-1523 Tampa, Florida 33620

Northwest Regional Library System (1968) University of West Florida (1968)
25 West Government Street Documents John Pace Library
Panama City, Florida 32402 Pensacola, Florida 32514- 5750

Orange County Library District (1968) Volusia County Library Center (1990)
101 East Central Boulevard City Island
Orlando, Florida 32801 Daytona Beach, Florida 32114

St. Petersburg Public Library (1969) West Palm Beach Public Library (1968)
3748 Ninth Avenue, North 100 Clematis
St. Petersburg, Florida 33713 West Palm Beach, Florida 33401


Army of the United States

Activated-25 February 1943

Battle Credits, World War -1er- Leyte Luzon

Days In Combat-204

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Joseph M. Swing February 1943--February 1946

Combat Chronicle: The llth Airborne Division was activated at Camp Mackall, North Carolina,
in February 1943. It moved to Camp Polk, Louisiana, in January 1944, and participated in
the Louisiana maneuvers, before shipping out into the Pacific. The llth arrived in New Gui-
nea on 25 May 1944, and continued its training.
Then, on 18 November 1944, the llth Airborne landed amphibiously on Leyte, 40 miles south
of Taclobin. The battle on Leyte is regarded by its officers and men as the toughest of all
the division's actions. The llth fought about everything on Leyte--inexperience, rain, mud,
howling winds, dense jungles, rugged mountains, and a fanatical enemy.
Pushing inland, the llth Airborne cleared the Ormoc-Burauen supply trail, an important
Japanese supply line. The llth's mission on Leyte was to press the enemy against the 7th,
77th, and 96th Infantry Divisions on the western coast.
Then, on the night of 5 December 1944, some 350 Japanese paratroopers landed in the San
Pablo and Buri airstrip areas, attempting to recapture these airfields, and elements of the
division helped wipe out these troops in a fierce 5-6 day battle.
Moving further inland, heavy resistance was met on Rock Hill, which fell on 18 December.
Much of the paratroopers' movements were at night and, in one case, the Japanese, evidently
secure in their belief that Americans wouldn't attack at night, were caught fast asleep at
a place called Hacksaw Hill, 23 December, and wiped out almost to a man.
The Angels killed 5,700 Japanese on Leyte by count, but no one will ever know how many
more of them were blown to bits by artillery. The llth Airborne lost close to 200 men.
After resting during most of January 1945, the llth Airborne made a landing at Nasugbu,
on the southwest coast of Luzon on 31 January. It was 60 miles north to Manila, and the
paratroopers raced down Highway 17, moving so swiftly that the Japs, who had mined bridges
along the way, didn't have time to blow them up. It wasn't until the troopers reached the
foothills of Tagaytay Ridge that the Japs made a stand. This was overcome when the 511th
Parachute Regiment jumped onto the ridge on 3 February 1945. The Angels then headed for
Manila, now 30 miles away, and ran into fierce opposition at Imus, 10 miles from the Manila
suburbs. The 511th then crossed the Paranaque River and reached Manila, meeting bitter
Japanese resistance. The paratroopers broke through the Genko Line, and then met the most
bitter type of opposition at Nichols Field, with the Japs firing huge 5-inch naval guns al-
most point-blank at the men of the llth. The Japanese also had dual-purpose ack-ack guns
and thick pillboxes. The Field was taken on 12 February, and Ft. McKinley was outflanked
and finally captured on 17 February. It was during this action that the llth Airborne had

a Medal of Honor winner, Pfc Manuel Perez, Jr., Company A, 511th Parachute Regiment, on
13 February 1945.
Pfc Perez was a lead scout for Company A, which had destroyed 11 of 12 pillboxes in a
strongly fortified sector defending the approach to enemy-held Ft. McKinley. In the re-
duction of these pillboxes, Pfc Perez killed 5 Japanese out in the open and blasted others
inside the pillboxes with grenades.
Realizing the urgent need for taking the last emplacement, which contained two twin-
mount .50 caliber dual-purpose machine-guns, he took a circuitous route to within 20 yards
of the position, killing four of the enemy in his advance. He threw a grenade into the
pillbox, and, as the crew started withdrawing through a tunnel just to the rear of the em-
placement, shot and killed 4 before exhausting his clip of ammunition. He had reloaded
and killed four more, when an escaping,Japanese threw his rifle with bayonet fixed at him.
In fending off this thrust, his own rifle was knocked to the ground. Seizing the heavier
Jap rifle, he continued firing, dispatching two more of the enemy. He rushed the remaining
Japanese, killed 3 of them with the butt of his rifle and entered the pillbox, where he
bayoneted the one remaining enemy soldier.
Singlehandedly, Pfc Perez killed 18 of the enemy in neutralizing a position that had held
up his entire company. ThroAgh his courageous determination and heroic disregard of grave
danger, he made possible the successful advance of his unit toward a valuable objective,
and provided a lasting inspiration for his fellow soldiers. Pfc Perez was killed in a sub-
sequent action.
While the 1st Cavalry and 37th Infantry Divisions entered Manila from the north and east,
the llth Airborne secured the southern sectors of the city which fell on 3 March 1945, af-
ter the most bitter type of struggle. It was the only major city battle in the Pacific.
Of all the 11th's operations on Luzon, the most daring was the hit-and-run raid on the
Japanese internment camp at Los Banos, south of Manila, where more than 2,000 American and
European nationals were held. In a combined paratroop and amphibious landing, the troopers
struck 25 miles behind Japanese lines to overwhelm the enemy garrison. The Americans had
only one casualty--a slight shoulder wound sustained by a parachutist.
Then the llth Airborne reduced a strong ring of Japanese outposts between Lake Taal and
Laguna de Bay in southern Luzon, occupied towns along Highway 1, and cut-off the Bicol Pen-
In April 1945, the llth took part in clearing out remaining enemy resistance in Batangas
Province. The paratroopers were aided in this operation by the 158th Infantry Regiment.
In particular, during the last half of April, there was some hard fighting to take the Jap
strongholds of Mt. Matasana Bundoc and Mt. Macolod. By 1 May 1945, all organized Japanese
resistance in southern Luzon had ended.
In the last operation of the war for the llth Airborne, a task force of the 511th Para-
chute Regiment jumped on Camalaniugan Airfield, south of Aparri, in extreme northern Luzon,
23 June 1945. Against scattered resistance the paratroops made contact with elements of
the 37th Infantry Division on 26 June, between Alcala and the Paret River. The latter unit
had been advancing northward up the Cagayen River Valley.
In August 1945, the llth Airborne was transported by air, via Okinawa, to Honshu, Japan,
for occupational duty. Members of the llth were among the first U.S. soldiers to set foot
on Japanese soil. Also, some members of the llth Airborne proudly formed the guard of hon-
or as General MacArthur arrived to inspect his first occupation headquarters in Yokohama.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--631
Distinguished Unit Citations--13 Killed In Action---- 516
Distinguished Service Crosses--9 Wounded 1,926
Silver Stars 1I32 Missing 11
Captured-------- 0
Total Casualties----2,453
* One to the entire 511th Parachute Regiment--Manila, Luzon

Other llth Airborne Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
Pvt Elmer E. Fryar, 511th Para Rgt, 8 December 1944, on Leyte



27 Nov 1111111111 10 1 Dec 1 4 Jan 1 1 Feb 11111111111 11
28 Nov 1 6 Dec 1111111 21 Jan 1 2 Feb 1
29 Nov 1 7 Dec 11111111111111111 17* 31 Jan 1111 3 Feb 111
12 8 Dec 11111111i 9 approx. 64 Feb 11111111 8
9 Dec 1111 30Ymen 5 Feb 111111111 9
11 Dec 1 6 Feb 1111111111 10
13 Dec 1111111111111 13 7 Feb 11111111111111 14
14 Dec 11 i 8 Feb 1111111111111 13
15 Dec 11111111111 11 F9 Feb 11
16 Dec 11 10 Feb 111111
17 Dec 11111 11 Feb 1
18 Dec 111 12 Feb 11111111 8
19 Dec 11 13 Feb 1111111111111 13
20 Dec 11 14 Feb 111
21 Dec 1111 15 Feb 111111111111111 15
22 Dec 11 16 Feb 11111
25 Dec 111 17 Feb 1111111111111111 16
26 Dec 1 21 Feb 11
89 22 Feb 11
23 Feb 11
24 Feb 11



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 JUNE 1945 JULY 1945
4 Mar 11 4 Apr 1 1 May 11111 4 June 1 28 July 1
7 Mar 11 5 Apr 1 2 May 11 23 June 1
10 Mar 1 6 Apr 1 5 May 11 1
11 Mar 111111 7 Apr 1 7 May 1
12 Mar 11111 8 Apr 111 25 May 1
13 Mar 111111111111 12 15 Apr 1
15 Mar 111 16 Apr 11
16 Mar 1 18 Apr 111111
19 Mar 1 20 Apr 111111111 9
20 Mar 1 21 Apr 11
23 Mar 1 22 Apr 11111111111111 14
24 Mar 1 26 Apr 1
25 Mar 1 27 Apr 111111
26 Mar 1 28 Apr 111
27 Mar 111
31 Mar 1 5

*bloodiest day -.7 December 1944
bloodiest month February 1945
2nd bloodiest day-- 17 February 1945
3rd bloodiest day 15 February 1945
Total battle deaths 631
360 are listed=57.0% KIA-516


Activated-13 August 1943 -'-

Returned To United States-23 August 1945

Inactivated-25 February 1946

Battle Credits, World War II: (517th Parachute Regiment) Central Italy Southern France
Ardennes Rhineland
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Elbridge G. Chapman, Jr. November 1943-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 13th Airborne Division, although assigned to the 1st Allied Air-
borne Army in Europe, did not see action as an entire unit. It was stationed in Iceland
as a security measure.
However, the 517th Parachute Regiment, which wasn't assigned to the division until
1 March 1945, had previously seen combat in central Italy, southern France, the Ardennes,
and in the Roer River area in the Rhineland. The 517th was awarded the French Croix de
Guerre for its action near Draguignan, southern France, and one battalion of the regiment
was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation for fighting near Soy and Hotton, Belgium, in
the Battle of the Bulge. Other elements of the 517th were also attached to the 3rd Armor-
ed and 30th Infantry Divisions in the Bulge (Ardennes), fighting with extreme gallantry.
After V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 13th Airborne was stationed at Vitry-le-Frangois, France.
Later, the 13th returned to the United States, and was about to embark for service in the
Pacific, when the war with Japan ended on 14 August 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--O Casualties: Killed In Action----9
Wounded -.. 3
No 6ther awards are available. Missing 1
Captured- 0
Total Casualties--13
Note: See, also, the combat chronicle of the 517th Parachute Regiment.

17TH AIRBORNE DIVISION "Thunder From Heaven"

Activated-15 April 1943

Returned To United States-15 September 1945

Inactivated-16 September 1945

Reactivated-3 July 1948 (later inactivated)

Battle Credits, World War II: Ardennes Rhineland Ruhr Pocket

Days In Combat-531

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen William M. Miley Commander throughout World War II

Combat Chronicle: The 17th Airborne Division sprang out of the famed 101st Airborne Div-
ision, and was activated 15 April 1943, at Hoffman, North Carolina. Early training took
place among the desolate sand dunes and pine woods of Camp Mackall where all but the hard-
iest men were weeded out.
From 25 August-23 December 1944, the 17th Airborne was stationed in Britain. With Ger-
man troops pushing forward in the Battle of the Bulge, all available combat troops were
needed to help stop them. From 23-25 December 1944, large elements of the division were
flown to an area near Reims, France, in spectacular night flights. These troops closed-up
at Mourmelon-le-Grand.
After taking over the defense of the Meuse River sector from Givet to Verdun, the 17th
Airborne moved to NeufchSteau, Belgium. Its men then marched through the snow to Morhet,
relieving the badly shattered 28th Infantry Division at the beginning of January 1945.
The llth Armored and 87th Infantry Divisions had launched an attack on 30 December, in
the left flank of the 3rd Army's assault northward. A heavy and furious battle developed
and, in the midst of it, the 17th Airborne joined in at 8:15 A.M., on 4 January 1945, af-
ter only a 10-minute artillery barrage. Few American troops have ever had a rougher in-
itiation to combat. The weather was miserable--blinding snow and bitterly cold, as well
as roadblocks, hundreds of mines--and a fanatical enemy.
In some of the most vicious, bitter fighting of the entire Bulge battle, the 17th Air-
borne slashed forward. Scorning the Germans, it took Cetteru, and then slugged forward
toward Flamibrge. Almost blinded by the heavy snow, the paratroopers pushed on. As they
neared Flamibrge, the snow suddenly stopped and in the gray haze 25 huge German tanks loom-
ed ahead of them. The paratroopers pulled back slightly and dug-in on the rear slope of
what soon became known as "Dead Man's Ridge." That night 20 German tanks, supported by
artillery, attacked. The 17th Airborne held.
Casualties rose rapidly as the fluctuating battle increased in intensity. By the night
of 6 January, the 17th had lost close to 3,000 men killed and wounded, but the Germans were
still hanging desperately on to Flamierge. German resistance was so fierce, including coun-
terattacks, that the 17th was temporarily forced to pull back. But not for long. The Amer-
ican paratroopers soon attacked again, and this time forced their way into Flamierge to stay.
Numerous towns were then captured including Limerle, Bertogne, Steinbach, and Wattermaal,

with the Germans eventually being forced back to the Ourthe River in continued intensive
On 18 January 1945, the 17th Airborne relieved the llth Armored Division at Houffalize
and, after bitter combat, broke into Germany, north of Wiltz, Luxembourg. Aggressive pat-
rols crossed the Our River in the Siegfried Line and established a limited bridgehead near
Dasburg, before being relieved by the 6th Armored Division on 10 February 1945.
Casualties had been so heavy during the 17th's battle in the Ardennes that some rifle
companies had less than 40 men. In all, the 17th was some 4,000 officers and men under-
strength, and a crash program was quickly started to fill in the ranks of the depleted div-
ision. Reinforcements and troopers returning from hospitals filled-in the ranks. The 17th
Airborne then prepared for its first airdrop of the war.
Taking off from marshalling areas in France, the 17th and British 6th Airborne Divisions
dropped into the province of Westphalia in western Germany, just east of the Rhine, near
Wesel, on 24 March 1945. The bulk of General Miley's troopers landed almost on target or
on it.
Meanwhile, the gliders, released from their tow planes, swooped down and began landing.
Dozens crumpled like match boxes, killing or maiming the occupants, and a few were shot
down. But most of the glider troops landed safely. As they tumbled out of their ships they
saw a wild scene of confusior.On all sides gliders were burning, and some were impaled on
nearby trees. German flak guns fired flat trajectory at point-blank range, and mortar rounds
crumped in on the drop area. There was the constant crackle of enemy rifle and machine-pis-
tol fire. The Germans resisted fiercely. Private George J. Peters, Company G, 507th Para-
chute Regiment, was one of 4 men in the 17th Airborne to win the Medal of Honor--all of
them posthumously.
Near Fluren, Germany, 24 March 1945, Pvt Peters, a platoon radio operator, landed in a
field with 10 other men, about 75 yards from a German machinegun supported by riflemen.
They were immediately pinned down by withering fire. As the men tried to disentangle them-
selves from their chutes and reach their bundles of equipment in a hail of bullets, their
situation seemed hopeless.
Suddenly, Pvt Peters stood up and began a one-man charge, armed only with a rifle and
grenades. His assault managed to draw the enemy fire away from his buddies. He had made
it halfway to the enemy emplacement, firing his rifle as he rushed forward, when he was
knocked to the ground by a burst of machinegun fire. Heroically, he regained his feet and
struggled onward. Once more he was hit, and this time unable to rise, With valiant devot-
ion to his self-imposed mission, he crawled directly into the fire that had mortally wounded
him until close enough to hurl his grenades, which knocked out the machinegun, and drove its
protective riflemen into a nearby woods.
By his supreme courage and self-sacrifice, Pvt Peters saved the lives of many of his fell-
ow soldiers, and made it possible for them to reach their equipment, organize, and seize
their first objective. His action was in keeping with the very highest traditions of the
U.S. armed forces.
By late-afternoon on the 24th, the 17th had established contact with adjacent units on
its flanks, and had eliminated the German 84th Infantry Division as an effective organizat-
ion. The paratroopers' morale was high inspite of taking 1,307 casualties in two days.
On 25 March, the 17th had secured bridges over the Issel Canal. Advancing eastward, the
division battled into Dorsten, just north of the Ruhr, by 28 March. After taking Haltern on
the 29th, the men of the 17th Airborne rode into the blasted, bombed-out city of MUnster on
the tanks of the British Guards Armoured Division on 2 April 1945. Vicious house-to-house
fighting occurred in the early-morning darkness for several hours. By that afternoon, Miin-
ster had fallen, and the 17th Airborne pivoted back southward into the Ruhr Pocket and rel-
ieved the 79th Infantry Division.
On 6 April, the 17th crossed the Rhine-Herne Canal and attacked the big steel city of
Essen--or what was left of it after the Allied bombings. Essen fell on 10 April, and the
17th then helped clear the industrial cities of Milheim and Duisburg. The Germans didn't
contest these two places too heavily.
The 17th was then assigned military government duties on 12 April, and active contact
with the enemy ceased on 18 April 1945. The 17th Airborne had compressed all of its fight-
ing into 53' days of actual combat. But what a 53 days:

The 17th Airborne was put under the U.S. 22nd Corps on 24 April 1945, and continued its
occupational duties until 15 June 1945, when it returned to France. The 17th Airborne left
for home in September 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--4 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--,394
Distinguished Unit Citations--4 Killed In Action----1,191
Distinguished Service Crosses--4- Wounded II,904
Silver Stars 179 Missing 224
Captured -- 1126
Total Casualties---6, 745

* One to the entire 513th Parachute Regiment--Airdrop Across The Rhine, Germany

Other 17th Airborne Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
T/5 Grade Clinton M. Hedrick, 194th Glider Inf Rgt, 27-28 March 1945, near Lembeck, German;
S/Sgt Isadore S. Jachman, 513th Para Rgt, 4 January 1945, Flamibrge, Belgium
Pfc Stuart S. Stryker, 513th Para Rgt, 24 March 1945, near Wesel, Germany


17TH AIRBORNE DIVISION "Thunder From Heaven"

1 Jan 1 2 Feb 1
2 Jan 11 3 Feb 1
3 Jan 1 4 Feb 11
4 Jan 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111 45 5 Feb 1
5 Jan 111111111111111111111 21 6 Feb 1
6 Jan 111111111111111 15 8 Feb 11111111 8
7 Jan 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 111111111111111111111111111 12 Feb 1
111111111111111 100 i 22 Feb 1
8 Jan 111111111111111111111111 24 1
9 Jan 111111111 9
10 Jan 11
11 Jan 1
12 Jan 111111
13 Jan 11111
14 Jan 11
15 Jan 11111
16 Jan 111111111 9
17 Jan 111
18 Jan 1
19 Jan 111
20 Jan 111
24 Jan 11
25 Jan 1111
29 Jan 1
31 Jan 11


17TH AIRBORNE DIVISION "Thunder From Heaven"

MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945
3 Mar 1 1 Apr 1
24 Mar 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 2 Apr 1111111111111111 17
111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 3 Apr 111111111 9
l111lll1111111l111111llll 1lllll1111- 190*approx. 350xmen 6 Apr 11111111 8
25 Mar 111111111111111111 18 7 Apr 1
26 Mar 1111111111 10 8 Apr 11111
27 Mar 111111111 9 10 Apr 1
28 Mar 1111111111111 13 11 Apr 111
29 Mar 111111111 9 12 Apr 1
30 Mar 111111111111 12 13 Apr 11
31 Mar 11 14 Apr 111
263 15 Apr 1

MAY 1945
15 May 1
29 May 1

*bloodiest day --24 March 1945
bloodiest month January 1945
2nd bloodiest day 7 January 1945
3rd bloodiest day II January 1945
Total battle deaths 1,130
599 are listed=53.0% KIA----978


Army of the United States

Activated-25 March 1942

Returned To United States-3 January 1946

Battle Credits, World War II: Sicily Southern Italy Anzio Normandy
Holland Ardennes Rhineland Northern Germany
Days In Combat--422

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Matthew B. Ridgway June 1942-August 1944
Maj-Gen James M. Gavin August 1944-March 1948

Combat Chronicle: The 82nd Airborne Division, infantry in World War I, produced one of
that war's most celebrated heroes, Sgt. Alvin York. The "All-American" division began
W II as an infantry division, too, under the command of General Omar N. Bradley. But on
15 August 1942, it was redesignated the 82nd Airborne Division, and destined to have a
vital role in the campaigns in Europe.
The 82nd arrived in Casablanca, Morocco on 10 May 1943, and began further training as
the Tunisian campaign drew to a close.
The campaign in Sicily was the first one in which an entire American airborne division
participated. The mission started off badly on the night of 9-10 July 1943. Several of
the transport planes, slightly off course and the victims of faulty recognition signals,
were fired upon by friendly antiaircraft gunners who thought they were enemy planes. 23
planes with the men aboard were shot down, tricky winds played havoc with aerial navigat-
ion, and the rest of the paratroopers were scattered over a 50-mile stretch. For the next
several days and nights, the airborne troops fought numerous guerrilla-type actions, dis-
rupting enemy communications and seriously interfering with his attempts to send forces
against the Allied beachhead. Scattered throughout enemy lines, men of the 82nd helped
capture numerous towns in western Sicily including Gela, Comiso, Licata, Palma, Agrigento,
Ribera, Castelvetrano, and Trapani. Advancing into western Sicily against mostly Italian
opposition, which was weak, men of the 82nd covered 150 miles in just six days.
The German airborne expert, General Kurt Student, credited the 82nd for saving the maj-
ority of the Allied beachhead, especially around Gela. He claimed that had not the Ameri-
can paratroopers created such havoc behind the German lines, the Hermann Goring Panzer
Division might well have been able to drive the Americans back into the sea. Sicily was
conquered by 17 August 1943. It cost the 82nd 206 men.
Then, in early-September 1943, the 504th and 505th Parachute Regiments dropped behind
the Salerno beachhead near Avellino and Paestum in southern Italy. By effective operat-
ions in the rear of the German lines, they seriously disrupted the movement of enemy for-
ces and supplies to the beachhead area. These troops helped bolster the Salerno beachhead
and led the way into Naples on 1 October.
Then, while the rest of the 82nd was soon pulled out of Italy, the 504th remained and
saw bitter fighting in the mountains.

On 29 October 1943, before the rest of the 82nd Airborne left Italy, the 504th Parachute
Regiment launched its epic attack through the mountains of southern Italy that was to carry
it 22 miles ahead of the 5th Army on their left, and the British 8th Army on their right.
Driving north toward Gallo, in a battle that proved greatly to be one of physical stamina
interspersed with sharp patrol engagements, the 504th crossed the Volturno, entered the
road and rail center of Isernia, and cleared Colli, Macchia, Fornelli, Cerro, and Rochetta.
The terrain was such that no distinct front line could be designated. In this type of
combat the 504th proved to be the master of the enemy. There were few encounters, even
when the Germans had numerical advantage, that they didn't come out second best.
On the cold and rainy evening of 10 December 1943, the regimental command post was est-
ablished at Venafro. Two companies moved forward to relieve the 3rd Ranger Battalion on
Hill 950. In the next 12 hours the Germans counterattacked 7 times, all of which were dri-
ven back with heavy losses to the Germans.
That following morning, the 2nd Battalion climbed up Monte Sammucro to relieve the 143rd
Infantry Regiment, 36th Infantry Division. German artillery fire increased in intensity,
some of the heaviest of the Italian campaign. The fighting in this operation was up one
hill after another, characterized by rock and tree-bare 45 degree slopes, and very stubb-
orn resistance by the Germane- Supply and evacuation of the wounded was a matter of back-
breaking work. The medic's task, at best, was a hard one, greatly increased on the high,
craggy, windswept, and shelterless hilltops.
Then, in late-January 1944, the 504th landed by sea at the Anzio beachhead. Fierce
hand-to-hand fighting ensued in which the paratroopers, by sheer determination and courage,
and aided by their deployment along the Mussolini Canal, were able to repel repeated Ger-
man assaults. On one occasion, to the 504th's amazement, 900 Germans, in a highly unusual
attack, advanced in almost parade-like order, barely bothering to take cover---and were
slaughtered. The paratroopers lost 13 men. Italy cost the 82nd Airborne 327 men--killed.
After two months on the Anzio beachhead, the 504th was pulled out, and rejoined the
rest of the 82nd Airborne which was already in England, and getting ready for the invasion
of Normandy.
Under a starlite sky, moving by parachute and glider, the 82nd and 101st Airborne and
British 6th Airborne Divisions all dropped behind the German lines in Normandy in the pre-
dawn hours of 6 June 1944, before the ground assault hit the beaches, Some of the 82nd's
paratroopers dropped right onto the town of Ste. Mer6 Eglise, where some of them were shot
or clubbed to death by the enemy before they could disentangle themselves from their chutes.
But the town was eventually taken in bitter fighting. Two other towns were taken, and the
men of the 82nd crossed the Merderet River. It was during this action that the 82nd had
one of its 3 Medal of Honor winners of the war, a very courageous action by Pfc. Charles N.
DeGlopper, Company C, 325th Glider Regiment, at the Merderet River, 9 June 1944.
He advanced with the forward platoon to secure a bridgehead across the Merderet at Ia
Fiere. At dawn, the platoon had penetrated an outer line of machine-gun nests and rifle-
men, but in the process, had been cut-off from the rest of the company. Vastly superior in
number enemy forces began decimating the stricken unit and started a flanking maneuver that
would have completely exposed the platoon in a shallow roadside ditch where it had taken
Detecting this danger, Pfc. DeGlopper volunteered to support his comrades with fire from
his automatic rifle while they attempted a withdrawal through a break in a hedgerow 40 yards
to the rear. Scorning a concentration of enemy automatic weapons and rifle fire, he walk-
ed onto the road in full view of the Germans, and sprayed them with bullets. He was woun-
ded, but he kept on firing. Struck again, he started to fall, and yet his grim determin-
ation and fighting spirit could not be broken. Kneeling in the roadway, weakened by his
grievous wounds, he leveled his heavy weapon against the Germans and fired burst after
burst until he was killed.
Pfc. DeGlopper was successful in drawing the enemy fire away from his fellow soldiers,
who continued to fight from a more advantageous position, and established the first bridge-
head over the Merderet. In the area where he had made his valiant stand, his comrades lat-
er found the ground strewn with dead Germans. Pfc. DeGlopper's action was in keeping with
the highest traditions of the U.S. military.

Cutting off German reinforcements, the 82nd fought its way from Carentan to St. Sauveur- t
le-Vicomte, in action 33 days without relief. Every mission was accomplished, and no real
estate gained was ever relinquished. On 8 July, the division was relieved, and returned
to England for refitting. And, on 15 August 1944, General James "Slim Jim" Gavin assumed
command of the 82nd Airborne. He was the youngest divisional commander in the U.S. Army-
only 37 years old.
Then, on 17 September 1944, the Allies launched a huge airdrop in southern Holland,
with the British let and U.S. 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions jumping behind the German
lines. The airdrop was strung-out for 60 miles, making it highly vulnerable to enemy att-
acks on either side of the corridor. The 82nd was in the center of the assault, dropping
in the vicinity of the large town of Nijmegen. Although the assault failed to reach the
lower Rhine, (the British airborne unit was the furthest north) the 82nd succeeded in cap-
turing and holding Nijmegen and a large bridge over the Vaal River in very heavy fighting.
Elements also crossed the Waal River in assault boats under heavy enemy fire in a very
courageous feat of arms. Those Americans who reached the far shore engaged the enemy in
bitter bayonet fighting, and casualties were heavy on both sides. But more Germans were
slain than Americans. However, of the 26 assault boats, only 13 returned to the friendly
side of the river, and soflM T the paratroopers had to swim back.
After 73 days of continuous combat, in which many prisoners were taken, the 82nd was
relieved by a British division, and sent to northern France for a rest. The 82nd and 101st
Airborne Divisions were lavishly praised by the British.
Then, on 16 December 1944, came the all-out German offensive in the Ardennes. 23 hours
later, the 82nd was in position 150 miles away after being moved up by truck.
A main German objective was the city of Liege, and the 82nd was ordered to defend an
area southwest of the city. They held it a week against incredible odds. During this des-
perate week, just prior to, and including Christmas Day, the 82nd Airborne heroically held
off a good share of the most lite of the attacking German forces--the 2nd and 9th SS
Panzer Divisions, part of the 1st SS Panzer, and the 62nd Volksgrenadier Division. This
was one of the most important and heroic stands of the entire Bulge battle, a monumental
feat of arms, and every bit as important as the 101st Airborne's widely publicized stand
at Bastogne. This action included the 82nd defending the towns of Trois Ponts, Cheneux,
Grandmenil, Werbomont, and Manhay. This fighting was characterized by attacks by the
German SS carried out with great dash and elan, and also by bitter hand-to-hand encounters
in which the "supermen" were very roughly handled by the American paratroopers. And, all
of this in bitter cold weather.
Another mission was to provide a withdrawal route for the shattered 28th and 106th Inf-
antry Divisions which had been cut-off. The 82nd provided this escape route, although 2
regiments of the 106th were surrounded and captured.
On 8 January 1945, the 82nd was relieved along the Salm River by the 75th Infantry Div-
ision. By this time, the Germans had been forced back onto the defensive, and the 82nd
received a well-deserved rest.
Then, toward the end of the huge battle, the 82nd returned to the front. Toward the
end of January, the paratroops slowly fought toward the Siegfried Line in still bitter
weather. The 82nd attacked through the 7th Armored Division. The great-fighting 1st Inf-
antry Division was on the 82nd's left flank. It was during this last stage of the action
in the Bulge that the 82nd had another Medal of Honor winner in a very daring and courag-
eous action, First Sergeant Leonard A. Funk, Jr., Company C, 508th Parachute Regiment, 29
January 1945, at Holzheim, Belgium. Sgt. Funk, fairly small in size, and quiet and un-
assuming, was really quite a soldier, in fact, one of the most decorated soldiers in WW II.
He had previously won the Silver Star in Normandy, and then the Distinguished Service Cres
in Holland. On the above day, he won the big one.
After advancing 15 miles in a driving snowstorm and through waist-deep drifts, the com-
pany executive officer became a casualty, and 1st Sgt. Funk immediately assumed his duties.
Under his skillful and valiant leadership, his force attacked 15 houses, cleared them, and
took 30 prisoners without suffering a casualty.
The fierce drive of Company C quickly overran Holzheim, netting some 80 prisoners, who
were placed under a 4-man guard, all that could be spared. An enemy patrol, by means of a

ruse, succeeded in capturing the guards and freeing the prisoners, and had begun prepar-
ations to attack Company C from behind when Sgt. Funk walked around a building and into
their midst. He was ordered to surrender by a German officer who pushed a machine-pistol
into his stomach.
Although overwhelmingly outnumbered and facing almost certain death, Sgt. Funk pretend-
ed to comply with the order. He began to slowly unsling his submachinegun from his shoul-
der and then, with a lightning motion, brought the muzzle into line and riddled the German
officer. He then turned upon the other Germans, firing and shouting to the other Americ-
ans to seize the enemy's weapons. In the ensuing fight 21 Germans were killed, many woun-
ded, and the remainder captured.
Sgt. Funk's bold action and his heroic disregard for his personal safety resulted in
the elimination of a superior enemy force, which, if allowed to roam free, could have tak-
en the spread-out Company C by surprise and endangered the entire attack plan. Sgt. Funk
survived the war to receive his award.
Progress was hindered by waist-deep snow, intense cold, and well-organized and conceal-
ed German positions. This attack was one of the most arduous in the division's history,
and one of its most bitterly fought. But the 82nd reached the Siegfried Line, 31 January.
On 3 February, the division repulsed strong enemy counterattacks, and that night the
99th Infantry Division began relieving the bone-weary paratroopers.
After a brief rest, the 82nd, plus the 517th Parachute Regiment, moved somewhat north
into the Hirtgen Forest area, captured Vossenack, and helped finally clear the remaining
Germans from the forest. The paratroopers sometimes uncovered bodies in the snow of men
who had been killed in this miserable forest the previous autumn.
As the Americans fought to the Rhine, the 82nd, for awhile was placed inside the bombed-
out, gutted city of Cologne, and helped secure the western side of the Ruhr Pocket. It
wasn't too bad for the 82nd inside Cologne. The paratroopers did patrol duties, kept an
eye on the civilians, and, in general, tried to catch up on some rest and relaxation. The
Germans were at least a comfortable 400 yards distant across the Rhine, and the weather
was much warmer with considerable sunshine.
Then, it was decided to make a diversionary attack across the Rhine. On 6 April 1945,
an assault wave of the 504th Parachute Regiment crossed the river above Cologne. At dawn
they were in the river town of Hitdorf.
In one of the bloodiest actions ever fought by the 82nd, two battalions of big, 6-foot
Germans from the crack 3rd Parachute Division attacked toward dusk with huge Tiger tanks
and fixed bayonets. Two platoons were overrun before the Germans were beaten back with
heavy losses. But, out of 140 paratroopers who had crossed the river, only 70 of the Am-
ericans made their way back. Organized German resistance in the Ruhr ended in mid-April.
Then, in the last days of the war, the 82nd was sent by rail some 350 miles into north-
ern Germany. The 82nd was one of the few U.S. units to actually cross the wide Elbe River.
The 82nd was met with considerable artillery fire, but this quickly subsided when the Amer-
icans got across the wide river. And then, thousands of Germans surrendered en masse from
the 21st Army. General Gavin set-up his headquarters in a palace at Ludwigslust, and con-
tact was made with the Russians on 3 May 1945. Following the 2nd Armored Division, the
82nd Airborne was the next American unit to enter Berlin after V-E Day. Perhaps fittingly,
too, the 82nd Airborne Division was the outfit chosen to later march in the victory parade
in New York City---a tribute to one of the greatest fighting organizations the world has
ever known.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-3 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--2,116
Distinguished Unit Citations--15 Killed In Action-- 1,737
Distinguished Service Crosses-37 Wounded 6,950
Silver Stars 898 Missing 279
Captured 615
Total Casualties--- 9,581
Notes: The 3rd Brigade of the 82nd Airborne Division
served in the Vietnam War. As of this writing, the 82nd is stationed at
Fort Bragg, North Carolina. (25 April 1983)

* Distinguished Unit Citations include one each to the entire following units:
325th Glider Regiment and 505th Parachute Regiment--Ste. MeNr Eglise, Normandy

Other 82nd Airborne Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *

Pvt John R. Towle, 504th Para Rgt, 21 September 1944, near Oosterhout, Holland

Note: The 504th Parachute Regiment did not participate in the invasion of Normandy.
However, the separate 507th and 508th Parachute Regiments were attached to the 82nd
during this campaign, and the 508th also was attached to the 82nd during the Battle
Of The Bulge.



JULY 1943 AUGUST 1943
10 July 111111111111111111111 21 9 Aug 1
11 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 70 10 Aug 1
12 July 1111111 11 Aug 1
13 July 111111111 9 3
14 July 1111
18 July 1
19 July 1
20 July 1
21 July 11

16 Sept 1 4 Oct 1 5 Nov 1 11 Dec 111
17 Sept 11111111111111111 17 5 Oct 11 8 Nov 1 12 Dec 11111
18 Sept 1111 6 Oct 1111 9 Nov 1 13 Dec 1
19 Sept 1 7 Oct 1 11 Nov 1 14 Dec 1
20 Sept 111 10 Oct 11111111111111111 17 12 Nov 11 15 Dec 111111
24 Sept 1 21 Oct 111 14 Nov 1 16 Dec 1111
25 Sept 11 27 Oct 11 18 Nov 1 17 Dec 1
S3 20 Nov 1 19 Dec 1
29 30 21 Nov 1 20 Dec 11
23 Dec 1
10 24 Dec 1



21 Jan 1 2 Feb 1 2 Mar 1
23 Jan 1111 3 Feb 11 5 Mar 1
24 Jan 11 4 Feb 11 7 Mar 11
25 Jan 111111111 9 5 Feb 1111 10 Mar 1
26 Jan 1 6 Feb 1 14 Mar 1111
27 Jan 1 7 Feb 11 16 Mar 1
30 Jan 11111111 8 9 Feb 11 19 Mar 11
31 Jan 11 10 Feb 11 i 26 Mar 1
11 Feb 1
29 13 Feb 11
14 Feb 1
15 Feb 11
16 Feb 1111111111 10
17 Feb 11



JUNE 1944 JULY 1944
6 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111 1 July 1
111111111111111'90Xapprox. 160Mmen 3 July 111111111111111 15
7 June 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 45 4 July 1111111111111111 16
8 June 11111111111111111 17 5 July 11111
9 June 11111111111ll11111i 20 6 July 11
10 June 111111111 9 7 July 1
11 June 111111111111 12 10 July 11
12 June 111111 11 July 11111
13 June 1 12 July 111
14 June 1111111111 10 14 July 11
15 June 111111111 9
16 June 111111 52
17 June 11111
18 June 11
19 June 11
21 June 111111
22 June 11111
23 June 111
24 June 11
25 June 11111
26 June 1
27 June 1
28 June 1
30 June 1



17 Sept 111111111111111111 18 1 Oct 1111111111111 13 1 Nov 11
18 Sept 111111111111111 12 2 Oct 11111111111111111111111111111111111 38 2 Nov 1
19 Sept 11111111 8 3 Oct 111111 3 Nov 11
20 Sept 1111111111111111111111111111111111 35 4 Oct 11111
21 Sept i111111111111111 16 5 Oct 11 5
22 Sept 111111 6 Oct 11111111 8
23 Sept 1111111111111 13 7 Oct 1111
24 Sept 1111 9 Oct 111
25 Sept 111 10 Oct 11
26 Sept 111111 11 Oct 11
27 Sept 111111111111 12 12 Oct 1111
28 Sept 1111111111 10 13 Oct 1
29 Sept 111111 14 Oct 1
30 Sept 1111111 15 Oct 11
16 Oct 1
17 Oct 1
21 Oct 111111
22 Oct 1
23 Oct 1
24 Oct 1
25 Oct 11
27 Oct 11
28 Oct 1
29 Oct 1
30 Oct 111



12 Dec 1 1 Jan 111
14 Dec 1 2 Jan 1
20 Dec 1111111111 10 3 Jan 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 45
21 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 4 Jan 1111111111111 13
22 Dec 11 5 Jan 11111111 8
23 Dec 1111111 6 Jan 11
24 Dec 11 7 Jan 11111111111111111111 20
25 Dec 111111 8 Jan 111111111111 12 I
26 Dec 111111111 9 9 Jan 1
27 Dec 11111 12 Jan 111
5 21 Jan 1
25 Jan 1
28 Jan 111111
29 Jan 11111
30 Jan 1111111111111 13
31 Jan 1

6 -wwII


FEBRUARY 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Feb 11 5 Apr 11 1 May 111111
2 Feb 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 40 6 Apr 11111111 8 2 May 1
3 Feb 111111111111 12 7 Apr 111111111111 12
4 Feb 11 8 Apr 1
5 Feb 1 9 Apr 1
6 Feb 1 10 Apr 1
8 Feb 1 11 Apr 1
9 Feb 1111 12 Apr 11
10 Feb 1 20 Apr 1
11 Feb 1 29 Apr 1
12 Feb 11 30 Apr 11111111111 11
14 Feb 1 41
15 Feb 11

*bloodiest day 6 June 1944
bloodiest month June 1944
2nd bloodiest day 11 July 1943
3rd bloodiest day 7 June 1944; 3 January 1945
Total battle deaths 2,116
1,191 are listed=56.2% KIA-1,737

101ST AIRBORNE DIVISION "Screaming Eagle"

Army of the United States
Activated-15 August 1942
Inactivated-30 November *93-in Europe
Reactivated-6 July 1948
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Holland Ardennes Alsace Rhineland
Central Europe
Days In Combat-214 Central Europe
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Maxwell D. Taylor March-December 1944
Brig-Gen Anthony C. McAuliffe 5-26 December 1944
Maj-Gen Maxwell D. Taylor 27 December 1944-September 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 101st Airborne Division was originally constituted as the 101st
Division on 23 July 1918, but the war in Europe ended before it got a chance to be shipped
overseas. It was demobilized, 11 December 1918, but later reactivated as a reserve unit.
In August 1942, the 101st was activated as an airborne division at Camp Claiborne, Louis-
iana. The division was then sent to Ft. Bragg, North Carolina, for rigorous training, and
later took part in the Tennessee maneuvers of mid-1943.
In September 1943, the 101st Airborne sailed for England, arriving there on the 15th.
Here, it received further extensive training including night-fighting, close combat, street-
fighting, and chemical warfare.
Finally, the time for the long-awaited invasion of Europe came, and the 101st and 82nd
Airborne Divisions jumped into the southern part of the Cotentin Peninsula, in the pre-dawn
hours of 6 June 1944, as part of the invasion of Normandy. Considerable flak was encount-
ered, and the paratroopers were widely scattered. By nightfall of the first day of the in-
vasion, only 2,500 men had been assembled in their units.
After gradually assembling into a co-ordinated unit and taking several smaller towns,
the 101st battled for the key town of Carentan. For 5 days the 101st waged one of the most
bitter fights of the Normandy campaign. On 12 June 1944, the Americans forced the tough
German 6th Parachute Regiment, a 6,000-man-strong organization, out of the town, and held
it until part of the 2nd Armored Division arrived from the beachhead. During the attack
on Carentan, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert G. Cole led the 3rd Battalion, 502nd Parachute Reg-
iment, in a successful mass bayonet charge that wiped out an important pocket of German
resistance. Lt-Colonel Cole was the 101st's first Medal of Honor winner, but he was later
killed while leading his battalion in Holland.
The troopers of the 101st went to work improving the defenses of newly won Carentan,
and not a moment too soon. The Germans swiftly mounted a strong counterattack, and both
armor and infantry stormed at the 101st. The very nature of this attack posed a monument-
al threat to the line between the Utah and Omaha beachheads, and it was extremely fortun-
ate that the tankers of the 2nd Armored Division were on the scene. The tankers' appear-
ance surprised the Germans, and their attack was checked with heavy losses. Carentan was

saved and the two beachheads were linked-up for good.
The 101st had more hard fighting in the Merderet River area. The paratroopers repulsed
counterattacks and maintained their positions until relieved by the 83rd Infantry Division
on 27 June 1944. The 101st then moved to Cherbourg, and relieved the 4th Infantry Divis-
ion there on 30 June. After 33 days of continuous combat in Normandy, the 101st returned
to England, 13 July 1944, for rest and rehabilitation, and then for preparation for its
next mission.
It came on 17 September 1944. In the largest airborne operation so far in history,
the 101st, along with the 82nd and British 1st Airborne Divisions, were dropped into the
southern part of Holland along a 60-mile corridor from north of the British lines along
the Belgian-Dutch border, to as far north as the vicinity of Arnhem. The 101st was in
the southern part of the assault, dropping in the vicinity of the city of Eindhoven. The
very next day the 101st had its second Medal of Honor winner of the war, Pfc Joe E. Mann,
Company H, 502nd Parachute Regiment, near Best, Holland.
His platoon tried to seize the bridge across the Wilhelmina Canal, and was surrounded
and isolated by an enemy force greatly superior in personnel and firepower. Acting as a
lead scout, Pfc Mann boldly crept to within rocket-launcher range of a German artillery
position and, in the face.-S-heavy fire, destroyed its 88mm gun and, also, an ammunition
dump. He remained at his exposed position and, with his Ml rifle, picked-off the enemy
one-by-one until he was seriously wounded. Taken to a covered position, he insisted on
returning up forward to stand guard during the night.
The next morning, the Germans launched a concerted attack and advanced to within a few
yards of his position, throwing hand grenades as they approached. One of these landed a
few feet from Pfc Mann. Unable to raise his arms, which were bandaged to his body, he
yelled "grenade" and threw himself over it as it exploded. His outstanding courage was a
lasting inspiration to his fellow soldiers for whom he gave his life.
St. Oedenrode and Eindhoven fell after heavy fighting in two days. The 101st then con-
tacted the British Guards Armoured Division, but failed to take the bridge, intact, over
the Wilhelmina Canal, southeast of Best.
The 101st then contained German counterattacks toward Zon on 19 September 1944, and
maintained its positions in the city of Eindhoven, as well as in Zon, St. Oedenrode, and
Veghel. After heavy combat the division advanced to take Schijndel, on 21 September.
The 506th Parachute Regiment reopened the Veghel-Uden Highway, 23 September, which had
been cut the previous day. The paratroops then forced the Germans to abandon the road-
block near Koevering, on 25 September, in an enveloping attack. Opheusden changed hands
in a shifting struggle, but the Germans were finally forced to withdraw on 9 October 1944.
Cold was added to the dampness as November 1944, rolled around. But the Germans were
never able to close the corridor, and many prisoners were taken. After a 72-day period
of combat, the 101st was relieved well into November 1944, and sent to a rest area at
Mourmelon-le-Grand, France, a former French artillery base 20 miles from Reims. Bone-
weary paratroopers somehow found the strength to go on passes to Paris. The American air-
borne divisions were lavishly praised by the British, one commander saying that the 101st
was the fightingest outfit he had ever seen.
Then, in mid-December 1944, came the Battle of the Bulge. The Screaming Eagle was
rushed from- its base in northern France, in the back of 2- ton trucks, in a wild night
ride into southeastern Belgium, to defend the vital road center of Bastogne. The 101st
just barely managed to beat the onrushing Panzerlehr Division which, highly frustrated,
bypassed the town and continued on toward the Meuse River, a major German objective. The
26th Volksgrenadier Division remained behind to deal with Bastogne. The Germans surround-
ed the town, subjected it to a heavy artillery barrage, and then came on with almost con-
tinuous attacks--all of which were beaten back with very heavy losses to the Germans.
However, by nightfall on 22 December 1944, the situation had become very critical. The
Germans had begun moving other units into the area, and the Americans were running low on
supplies and ammunition. The day was marked by just one unusual incident. The Germans
were becoming increasingly frustrated by their initial failure to take Bastogne by storm,
so they gave the acting commander of the 101st, Brigadier-General Anthony C. McAuliffe,

an ultimatum to surrender. His one-word reply has long since become classic--"Nuts."
The Germans, bewildered by this sample of terse American slang, asked if this reply was
affirmative or negative. When informed that it was very negative, one of them replied,
"We will kill many Americans."
The German officers were then told in no uncertain terms to go back where they had
come from.
And many Americans did die, but a great many more Germans. The Germans smashed at the
327th Glider Regiment on Christmas Eve, 1944, and their armor broke through to slash at
the 502nd Parachute Regiment. There was bitter close-in fighting, but the paratroopers
completely destroyed this enemy force. Not a tank or German infantryman escaped.
On 26 December 1944, the 4th Armored Division of General Patton's 3rd Army managed to
break through to Bastogne from the south on a narrow, precarious corridor, with the Ger-
mans firing into it from either side. Still, the 101st and the tankers of Combat Command
B of the 10th Armored Division were no longer surrounded.
However, this didn't lessen the tempo of the fighting. On the contrary. A major gli-
der resupply action was launched by the Americans, and over 100,000 pounds of cargo were
delivered to the defenders of Bastogne.
Then, in the first days..o-January 1945, the fighting around Bastogne raged heavier than
ever as the Germans, withalmost reckless abandon, hurled themselves at the Americans in a
series of ferocious assaults. The 101st suffered heavy losses on 3-4 January, but the Ger-
man losses were staggering. The vaunted 1st and 12th SS Panzer Divisions and the Fiihrer
Begleit (Escort) Brigade were all thrown into the struggle, but these tough, elite troops
could get nowhere and suffered extremely heavy losses. At one time, there were as many
as 9 different enemy formations somewhere around Bastogne, but all to no avail. Bastogne
did not fall.
On 8 January 1945, Hitler reluctantly admitted defeat, and ordered all German troops
in the Ardennes to go over to the defensive. But some hard fighting still lay ahead for
the 101st in the Bulge.
On 9 January 1945, the 101st finally was able to go over to the attack. The 506th
Parachute Regiment attacked from out of the Bastogne perimeter to take Recogne. The Bois
Jacques (a woods) was cleared after that, and by 13 January, the 506th had captured Foy,
while the 327th Glider Infantry Regiment advanced toward Bourcy. Noville was captured on
the 15th, and Bourcy and Hardigny were both taken on 17 January. The 101st was then rel-
ieved on 18 January 1945.
For its epic stand at Bastogne, the entire 101st Airborne Division and Combat Command B
of the 10th Armored Division were awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation, as was also the
entire 4th Armored Division for its courageous breakthrough to the besieged defenders.
The 101st Airborne was next shifted to the southeast into Alsace to help bolster the
7th Army defenses and to help make sure that the Germans did no more damage in this region.
The 101st conducted vigorous patrolling and harassing activities.
On 31 March 1945, the division was moved up north along the west bank of the Rhine,
opposite the Ruhr Pocket, to help guard that side of the area while the big battle across
the Rhine was occurring. No major enemy attacks took place from out of the western side
of the pocket.
The 101st was then moved deep into Bavaria, in the region of Memmingen, on 27 April
1945. On the 30th, the division was given the task of policing the Kaufbeuren-Saulgrub-
Wertach-Kempten zone. The 101st then moved to the Miesbach area, 1 May 1945, and relieved
the 4th Infantry Division on 4 May.
The 101st then reached Berchtesgaden, in extreme southeastern Bavaria, in conjunction
with the 3rd Infantry Division, in the final days of the war. German resistance, by this
time, had crumbled almost completely, except for isolated bands of die-hards.
The 101st received the surrender of the German 13th SS and 82nd Corps, and also captur-
ed a number of high-ranking Germans (or Nazis), depending on how one looks at it. Among
them were Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, Commander-in-Chief of the German armies; Col-
onel-General Heinz Guderian, the armored expert; Franz Schwarz, treasurer of the Nazi
Party; Karl Oberg, Chief of the German SS in formerly occupied France; Robert Ley, a

leader of the Nazi movement; and Jew hater Julius Streicher, who was ironically captured
by Major Henry Plitt, S-2 of the 502nd Parachute Regiment, and one of the 101st's most
decorated Jewish officers. The last four Germans were certainly Nazis in the true sense
of the word.
By V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 101st had sustained more casualties than any other U.S.
airborne division in the war.
On 1 August 1945, the 101st Airborne left Germany, for Auxerre, France, for training
for the invasion of Japan, a move that proved unnecessary when Japan surrendered 2 weeks
later on 14 August 1945.
The 101st Airborne Division--one of the elite outfits of the U.S. Army.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualtiess Total Battle Deaths-2,350
Distinguished Unit Citations--13 Killed In Action---1,855
Distinguished Service Crosses-56 Wounded 6,875
Silver Stars 156 Missing 207
Captured --967
Total Casualties-- 9,904

* Two to the entire 101st Airborne Division--Normandy--Bastogne

The 101st Airborne Division later saw extensive service in the Vietnam War. As of this
writing, the 101st's home base is at Ft. Campbell, Kentucky, with large elements now in
Saudi Arabia. (15 September 1990)


101ST AIRBORNE DIVISION "Screaming Eagle"

JUNE 1944 JULY 1944

11111111iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii11111111111111111111111111111 150pprox. 4 July 11
7 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 40 280*men 5 July 111111
8 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 6 July 1
9 June 11111111111111111111111 23 7 July 1
10 June 11111111111111111 18
11 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 70 11
12 June 111111111111111111111 21 I
13 June 1111111111111111111111 22
14 June 1111111
15 June 111111111111 12
16 June 1111
17 June 111111111111 12
18 June 1111
19 June 111111111 9
20 June 11
21 June 111
22 June 11
23 June 1111111
24 June 11111111111111 14
25 June 1
26 June 1
27 June 1
28 June 111


101ST AIRBORNE DIVISION "Screaming Eagle"

17 Sept 111111111111111111111111 24 1 Oct 1111111111 10
18 Sept 111111lllll111111il11111111111111l 38 2 Oct 1111
19 Sept 111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111 55 3 Oct 111
20 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 4 Oct 1
21 Sept 111111111111 12 5 Oct 11111111111111 14
22 Sept 11111111111111111111111111111111 32 6 Oct 111111111111111111111111111111 30
23 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 7 Oct 11111111111111111 18
24 Sept 1111 8 09t 1111111
25 Sept 11111111111111111 17 9 Ott 111111111111111111111 21
26 Sept 111111 10 Odt 11111
27 Sept 11 11 Oct 111
28 Sept 1 12 Oct 11111
30 Sept 111111111111111111111 21 13 Oct 111
2218 Oct 11
22 21 Oct 11
22 Oct 1111
23 Oct 11111111 8
24 Oct 1111111
25 Oct 1111
26 Oct 1111
27 Oct 111
28 Oct 11
29 Oct 11
30 Oct 1


101ST AIRBORNE DIVISION "Screaming Eagle"

3 Nov 1 1 Dec 1 1 Jan 1111
4 Nov 111 2 Dec 1 2 Jan 1111111
6 Nov 1 3 Dec 1 3 Jan 11111111111111111111111111111111111111 38
10 Nov 1 4 Dec 111 4 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 40
12 Nov 1 6 Dec 111 5 Jan 11111111111 11
13 Nov 11 7 Dec 1 6 Jan 1111111111111 13
17 Nov 11 11 Dec 1 7 Jan 111
18 Nov 1 19 Dec 111111 8 Jan 1111 i
22 Nov 1 20 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 9 Jan 1111111
23 Nov 11111111 8 21 Dec 111111111111111111111 21 10 Jan 111111111111111111 18
24 Nov 11 22 Dec 1111 11 Jan 1
26 Nov 1 23 Dec 11111111111111111 17 12 Jan 1
24 24 Dec 1111111111111 13 13 Jan 1111111111111111111111111 25
25 Dec 11111111111111111111111 23 14 Jan 11111111111111111111 20
26 Dec 111111111111 12 15 Jan 1111111
27 Dec 11111 16 Jan 11111111111 11
28 Dec 1 17 Jan 111111
29 Dec 111111 18 Jan 1
30 Dec 1111 19 Jan 1
31 Dec 1111 218


101ST AIRBORNE DIVISION "Screaming Eagle"

1 Feb 1 1 Mar 111 5 Apr 1
2 Feb 11111111 8 4 Mar 1 6 Apr 1
4 Feb 1 6 Mar 1 7 Apr 1
6 Feb 111 7 Mar 1 9 Apr 1111
9 Feb 1 31 Mar 1 12 Apr 111111
10 Feb 1 13 Apr 111
12 Feb 1 14 Apr 1
16 Feb 11 18 Apr 1
17 Feb 1 19 Apr i
19 Feb 1 20 Apr 11
20 Feb 11 30 Apr 1
23 Feb 111
24 Feb 11111 22
25 Feb 111111
26 Feb 111111

*bloodiest day 6 June 1944
bloodiest month June 1944
2nd bloodiest day 11 June 1944
3rd bloodiest day 19 September 1944
Total battle deaths 2,500 (approximately)
1,349 are listed=53.9% KIA-2,188


Regular Army
Activated-15 July 1940
Returned To United States-24 April 1946
Inactivated-26 April 194'Tlater reactivated)
Battle Credits, World War II: Algeria Tunisia Southern Italy Anzio
Days In Combat-511 Rome-Arno Northern Apennines Po Valley
Days In Combat--511
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Orlando Ward March 1942-April 1943
Maj-Gen Ernest N. Harmon April 1943-July 1944
Maj-Gen Vernon E. Prichard July 1944--September 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 1st Armored Division can rightfully claim to be called the "Guinea
Pig" Division during World War II. Thanks to the 1st Armored's early, bloody battles in
North Africa, other armored divisions were taught lessons about combat that the 1st Armored
had to learn the hard way. Except for jungle area, the 1st Armored has fought in just ab-
out every other type of terrain possible--the deserts of North Africa, the mountains of
Italy, the Pontine Marshes south of Rome, and the flat plains of the Po Valley.
The 1st Armored sailed for Northern Ireland, in April 1942. There, it trained for many
months under the British, who had faced the German blitzkriegs in Holland, Belgium, France,
Greece, and Crete.
Combat Command B of the 1st Armored landed near Oran, Algeria, on 8 November 1942, as it
helped support the 1st Infantry Division in the invasion of North Africa. It was not with-
out loss. French shore batteries opened up on the destroyers in the harbor, smashing land-
ing craft with shells and machinegun fire, and killing 189 men, including a colonel. Over
150 more men were wounded.
There was fierce resistance not only against the 1st Infantry Division in.Oran, but also
at St. Lucien, south of the city. A French tank brigade was engaged by CCB, and 14 of the
obsolete French tanks were quickly knocked out by 37mm guns. Only one U.S. tank was lost.
After a few days of fighting, the French agreed to a cease-fire. Their main problem
was that they had been under the overall command of the notorious Nazi collaborator, Admir-
al Darlan. He was subsequently assassinated by a university student. And so, a most trou-
blesome thorn was removed from the side of the Allies. However, the real battle lay just
ahead in Tunisia.
On 24 November 1942, CCB moved from Tafaroui, Algeria, to Beja, Tunisia, and raided an
airfield at Djedeida, the following day.
As the Allies made an early bid to capture the city of Tunis, the dlite German 10th Pan-
zer Division struck hard on 1 December 1942, throwing CCB of the 1st Armored back, and cap-
turing Tebourba, on 4 December. The inferior Grant tanks that the Americans had, at this
time, didn't help in the least. CCB withdrew to Beja with heavy equipment losses, 10-11
December 1942, and was placed in reserve.
CCB next attacked in the Ousseltia Valley, in late-January 1943, and cleared this area.

CCB was then sent to Bou Chebka, and arrived at Maktar, on 3 February 1943.
CCA fought at Fa'id Pass, commencing on 30 January 1943, and advanced to Sidi Bou Zid.
Beginning on 14 February 1943, Rommel attacked through Kasserine Pass, and the 1st Armor-
ed was forced back with heavy losses in both tanks and men, 14-15 February 1943.
CCC, which had been constituted on 23 January 1943, advanced toward Sbeitla, and counter-
attacked to support CCA, but was repulsed with heavy losses. The division withdrew from
Sbeitla, but by 21 February, CCB had contained the enemy attack toward Tebessa. The German
withdrawal allowed the 1st Armored to recover Kasserine Pass on 26 February 1943. The 1st
Armored lost over 1,000 men killed, wounded, missing, and captured in this battle. The div-
ision then assembled in reserve.
The 1st Armored moved northeast of Gafsa, 13 March 1943, and attacked in heavy rains on
17 March. CCA took Zannouch, but became immobilized by rain the next day.
The slt Armored drove on Maknassy, on 20 March 1943, and fought for Djebel Naemia, from
22-25 March. The division then fought to break through positions barring the road to Gabes,
from 29 March-1 April 1943.
The 1st began to follow-up the retreating German-Italian forces in Tunisia, on 6 April
1943. Nothing much further happened in the 1st Armored's zone of attack until 23 April.
At this time, the 1st began-advancing toward the general direction of Mateur. On 28 April
1943, the 1st Armored had one of its two Medal of Honor winners of the war, Private Nicholas
Minue, near Medjez-el-Bab, Tunisia. Private Minue had been born in Poland.
When his company was held up by flanking fire from an enemy machinegun nest, he voluntar-
ily, alone, and without hesitating, charged the enemy position with fixed bayonet. Under
withering machinegun and rifle fire he killed ten enemy soldiers. After completely destroy-
ing this position, Pvt Minue continued forward, routing enemy riflemen from dugout positions
until he was fatally wounded. His inspiring courage and aggressiveness were key factors in
routing the enemy from his company's entire sector.
The 1st Armored then helped support the 34th Infantry Division's assault on Hill 609, and
then, after hard fighting, took Hills 315 and 299 by 3 May 1943. This was followed by more
heavy fighting to take Djebel Achtel, 6-9 May. Ferryville was entered on the 7th, and the
Axis forces in Tunisia surrendered on 13 May 1943, with the 1st Armored taking over 23,000
prisoners. The Tunisian campaign had cost the 1st Armored 550 men dead, and numerous men
captured and missing.
The 1st Armored rested during the Sicilian campaign, and elements then took part in the
desperate fighting at the Salerno beachhead in Italy, in September 1943.
On 1 November 1943, the remainder of the division left North Africa for Italy. After
landing, it was placed in reserve near Capua.
In December 1943, elements of the 1st fought near the Rapido River.
Then, from 4-8 January 1944, there occurred the battle for Monte Porchia. At 7:30 P.M.,
4 January 1944, the two assault battalions of the 6th Armored Infantry Regiment, supported
by tanks, moved out. They had to cross two miles of flat terrain before even reaching the
line of departure for the attack:
A murderous artillery and mortar barrage fell upon the advancing Americans. During this
slaughter, Father Arthur L. Lenaghan, chaplain of the regiment, crawled out repeatedly to
drag back wounded and dying men until he was killed, himself. The attack collapsed.
It was resumed on 6 January, when the crest of Monte Porchia was taken, then lost, re-
taken, and then held despite furious counterattacks by part of the ubiquitous Hermann Goring
Panzer Division. The Americans held on under very heavy pressure. When the regiment was
relieved on 12 January 1944, it had lost some 500 men killed or wounded, but had inflicted
heavy casualties on the Germans. For this action the entire 6th Armored Infantry Regiment
was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation.
In late-January-early-February 1944, elements of the 1st Armored helped support the 34th
Infantry Division's assault on Cassino, and sustained heavy casualties.
Soon after, Old Ironsides began arriving at the Anzio beachhead. The 1st Armored had a
vital role in this bitter, drawn-out affair.
After preliminary attacks, the Germans launched an all-out offensive, beginning 16 Feb-
ruary 1944, to eliminate the Allied beachhead. The U.S. 45th and British 56th Infantry

Divisions in the center of the line were forced back in furious fighting. Casualties on
both sides mounted by the hour.
After frantically regrouping during the night, the Germans came on again the following
day, and the most desperate kind of combat occurred all along the line. The Germans out-
numbered their opponents at the beachhead, and there was every possibility that they would
drive the Allies into the sea, the situation was that critical. The Germans had driven an
ever widening wedge into the center of the Allied line, and this had to be eliminated be-
fore it was too late.
It was 6:30 A.M., 19 February 1944, a day never to be forgotten. A tremendous artillery
barrage struck the German wedge. Then the 1st Armored attacked. As the tanks and infantry
advanced out of the Padiglione Woods, and up the blood-drenched "Bowling Alley", the fate
of over 100,000 men was with them. They kept driving and nothing could stop them. Men fell
into the mud or were blown to bits. Tanks exploded and burned, but others kept blasting the
Germans, who wavered, and then finally fell back. The crisis was over. The 1st Armored
Division had saved the Anzio beachhead.
After extensive patrol actions and trench warfare which recalled scenes from World War I,
the Allies finally began an all-out offensive to bust out of the beachhead, commencing on
23 May 1944. For the next j days the 1st Armored was involved in very heavy combat, but
Rome was finally entered on 4 June 1944. Old Ironsides moved slowly through the streets
packed with deliriously happy people. It was one of the division's proudest moments.
But the 1st Armored didn't long-linger in the "eternal city." By 8 June 1944, it had
cleared an area 25 miles north of the city, including Viterbo. On this day the division
was placed in Army reserve, and went into bivouac near Lake Bracciano. After a short rest,
the 1st led a corps-sized attack north toward the Arno River, on 22 June 1944. After some
protracted and bloody fighting the 1st Armored reached the Cecina River, and Highway 68, by
7 July 1944, an advance of about 40 miles. The Rome-Arno campaign cost the 1st Armored some
300 men killed in action or died of wounds.
The 1st Armored,soon after, moved to Bolgheri, where it was reorganized into a more mod-
ern type of armored formation.
By early-September 1944, the 1st Armored had run up against the German Gothic Line, and
it was rough, bitter, slugging, difficult combat in the northern Apennines throughout most
of the remainder of September, and most of October 1944. This period was marked by unusu-
ally inclement weather--cold and with heavy rains. Another winter wasn't far off. On 27
October 1944, the exhausted U.S. 5th Army halted its offensive. The truth was clear and
bitter. The war in Italy would last through another winter.
Action, for the most part, consisted of dangerous patrolling actions, and shivering in
the mountains. However, there were some significant actions in Italy during that long,
hard winter.
The elite U.S. 10th Mountain Division and the Brazilian 1st Infantry Division had begun
a brilliant, local, limited attack on 19 February 1945. On the next day, the 1st Armored
relieved the South African 6th Armored Division, and supported the American mountaineers'
advance by capturing Carviaro and Salvaro.
Then, except for some limited actions, the front remained static again as spring approa-
ched, and the Allies got ready for an all-out offensive.
The assault commenced, for the 5th Army, on 14 April 1945. The Germans in Italy were al-
most "kaput", but they didn't seem to know it. The fighting was just as hot and heavy as
many of the earlier battles in Italy. But, one by one the mountain peaks, roadblocks, and
villages were cleared in intensive fighting. The Allies, pent-up after long months in the
mountains, couldn't be stopped. The Germans used everything from self-propelled guns to
rifles against the men of the 1st Armored. German tanks appeared and on 19 April 1945, CCA
lost 8 tanks. On this same day CCB reached the Samoggia Valley. On 20 April, it cleared
Monte Ombraro, while CCA slashed north. During the next three days the 1st Armored took
3,800 POWs.
On 23 April 1945, the 1st crossed the Po River, as the fighting once again increased in
tempo. Fanning out to the west, CCA took Brescia, against fierce opposition, and then Ber-
gamo and Como. 25 April 1945, was the 1st Armored's bloodiest day of this entire offensive.

However, by the 27th, the division had reached the Swiss frontier. Thousands of prisoners
now streamed into overcrowded 1st Armored POW compounds, and on 28 April 1945, the entire
German 232nd Infantry Division surrendered en masse to the 1st.
The cities of Cremona and Milan fell, and elements of the division were driving for the
French border, near Cigliano, when the Germans in Italy gave up on 2 May 1945.
Except for the 34th Infantry Division, the 1st Armored had more combat time in the Medit-
erranean Theater than any other U.S. unit in the war.
The 1st Armored then became part of the Army of Occupation, but thousands of its combat
veterans soon returned to the United States.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--1,907
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 3 Killed In Action----1,623
Distinguished Service Crosses--1 Wounded 6,302
Silver Stars 794 Missing 216
Captured ---- 518
Total Casualties--- 8,659

* One to the entire 6th Armored Infantry Regiment--Monte Porchia, Italy

Other 1st Armored Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
2nd Lt Thomas W. Fowler, 23 May 1944, near Carano, Italy

The 1st Armored Division replaced the 4th Armored Division in Germany, in 1971, and is still
stationed there, as of this writing. (3 November 1990)



8 Nov 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 Dec 1
111111111111111111111 91c=189(nen 2 Dec 111111111111 12
10 Nov 111 3 Dec 11111
11 Nov 11 4 Dec 11
25 Nov 1 6 Dec 111111
26 Nov 1111 7 Dec 1111111
27 Nov 1 10 Dec 111111
28 Nov 1111 11 Dec 11
29 Nov 111 1 12 Dec 1
30 Nov 1 28 Dec 11
110 30 Dec 1



5 Jan 1 ,1 Feb 111111111111 12 10 Mar 1 1 Apr 11111111 8
17 Jan 1 2 Feb 1111 14 Mar 1 2 Apr 111
22 Jan 11 3 Feb 11 15 Mar 1 3 Apr 1
23 Jan 1 4 Feb 11 20 Mar 11 4 Apr 1
24 Jan 11 5 Feb 1 21 Mar 1111 9 Apr 1
30 Jan 11111 12 Feb 1 22 Mar 11 10 Apr 1
31 Jan 111111111 9 13 Feb 1 23 Mar 1111 11 Apr 1
21 14 Feb 1111111111111111111111111111111 31 24 MaV 111111 12 Apr 111
15 Feb 111111111111111111111111 24 25 Ma 11111 13 Apr 1
16 Feb 11 26 Maz 11 18 Apr 1
17 Feb 1111 27 Mar 1 22 Apr 1
18 Feb 1 28 Mar 111 23 Apr 11111
19 Feb 11 29 Mar 11 24 Apr 1
20 Feb 11 30 Mar 1 25 Apr 11111
21 Feb 11 31 Mar 1111111 7 26 Apr 11
22 Feb 1 42 27 Apr 1111111
24 Feb 1 28 Apr 111
26 Feb 1 29 Apr 11111
27 Feb 1 30 Apr 1111111
95 57



MAY 1943 JANUARY 1944 FEBRUARY 1944 MARCH 1944 APRIL 1944
1 May 1 2 Jan 11 1 Feb 1111 1 Mar 11 5 Apr 1
2 May 11 3 Jan 11 2 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 12 Apr 1
3 May 11111 4 Jan 1111 3 Feb 111 4 Mar 11 20 Apr 11
4 May 1 5 Jan 111111111111111111111 21 5 Feb 1 6 Mar 111 21 Apr 11
6 May 111111111 9 6 Jan 111111111111111111111 21 6 Feb 1 9 Mar 11 23 Apr 1
7 May 11111 7 Jan 1111111 7 Feb 1 10 Mar 11111
8 May 11111 8 Jan 1111 9 Feb 1 11 Mar 11111
9 May 11 9 Jan 1 10 Feb 1 12 Mar 1
10 Jan 11 12 Feb 1 13 Mar 1
S 11 Jan 11 14 Feb 1 14 Mar 11
12 Jan 1 15 Feb 1 18 Mar 11111
13 Jan 1 17 Feb 1111 23 Mar 1
15 Jan 11 18 Feb 11111 26 Mar 11
16 Jan 1 19 Feb 1111111111 10
27 Jan 1 20 Feb 11111111 8 32
28 Jan 1 21 Feb 111
29 Jan 1111 22 Feb 11
30 Jan 11111 24 Feb 1111
31 Jan 11111111111 11 26 Feb 1
27 Feb 1
93 28 Feb 11

4 wwII


MAY 1944 JUNE 1944 JULY 1944 AUGUST 1944
1 May 1 1 June 111 1 July 1111111111 10 2 Aug 1
6 May 11 2 June 111 2 July l1111i111i 11 10 Aug 11
11 May 1 3 June 11111 3 July 1 12 Aug 11
13 May 111 4 June 1111111 5 July 111111111111 12 15 Aug 1
18 May 11 5 June 111 6 July 1111111111 10 20 Aug 1
19 May 1 7 June 11 7 July 111111111 9 21 Aug 1
21 May 1 8 June 11 9 July 1 22 Aug 11
22 May 1 11 June 1 10 July 1 i 23 Aug 11
23 May 1111111111111111lll 20 17 June 1 11 July 111 24 Aug 11
24 May 1111111111 10 20 June 1 12 July 11111 25 Aug 111111111 9
25 May 11111111111111111 17 21 June 11 15 July 1 26 Aug 111
26 May 11111111111 11 22 June 11111 17 July 1 31 Aug 11
27 May 111111 23 June 11 28 July 1 28
28 May 11111111 8 24 June 11111111 8 66
29 May 111111111111 12 25 June 111111111 9
30 May 1111111111111111 16 26 June 111111
31 May 1111111111 10 27 June 1111111
122 28 June 111111
29 June 1
30 June 111

5 wwII


1 Sept 11 3 Oct 1 1 Nov 11 8 Mar 1 4 Apr 1
2 Sept 11 4 Oct 1 2 Nov 1 9 Mar 1 14 Apr 11
4 Sept 1 7 Oct 1 3 Nov 1 12 Mar 1 15 Apr 11
8 Sept 1 10 Oct 1111 5 Nov 11 15 Mar 1111 16 Apr 1
12 Sept 1 13 Oct 111 7 Nov 11 23 Mar 111 19 Apr 111111
13 Sept 1 14 Oct 1111 28 Nov 1 24 Mar 1 20 Apr 111
17 Sept 1111 15 Oct 1 30 Nov 1 25 Mar 111 21 Apr 111111
18 Sept 111 17 Oct 1111111 7 10 28 Mar 1 it 22 Apr 1111111
19 Sept 111 18 Oct 1111 31 Mar 11 23 Apr 1111
20 Sept 1 21 Oct 1 T 24 Apr 11111111111 11
22 Sept 11 24 Oct 111 DECEMBER 194 17 25 Apr 11111111111111111111 20
23 Sept 1 29 Oct 1 De 26 Apr 11
24 Sept 1 30 Oct 11 10 Dec 1 27 Apr 1
27 Sept 11 31 Oct 1111 11 Dec 1 28 Apr 111
30 Sept 111 37 12 Dec 129 Apr 1
28 15 Dec 1 70
MAY 1945
1 May 1
4 May 1
5 May 1
6 May 1
31 May 1
*bloodiest day 8 November 1942
bloodiest month May 1944
2nd bloodiest day 14 February 1943
3rd -15 February 1943
4th -5 and 6 January 1944
5th -23 May 1944 and 25 April 1945
Total battle deaths-1,907
1,053 are listed=55.2% KIA-1,623


Regular Army
Activated-15 July 1940
Returned To United States-29-Tanuary 1946
Battle Credits, World War II: Morocco Tunisia Sicily Normandy
Northern France-Belgium Siegfried Line Ardennes
Rhineland Ruhr Pocket North-Central Germany
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Ernest N. Harmon July 1942-April 1943
Maj-Gen Hugh J. Gaffey May 1943-April 1944
Maj-Gen Edward H. Brooks April-September 1944
Maj-Gen Ernest N. Harmon September 1944-January 1945
Maj-Gen Isaac D. White January-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 2nd Armored Division, after its activation, soon made Ft. Benning,
Georgia, its home grounds under that master of armored tactics, General George S. Patton.
Patton would later command the entire 7th Army in Sicily, with the 2nd Armored a part of
that army. After extensive maneuvers in the United States, including those in Tennessee
and the Carolinas, the 2nd Armored eventually shipped out directly to North Africa.
The 2nd Armored first saw action in the North African invasion of 8 November 1942. Its
three combat commands were split-up, supporting various elements of the 3rd and 9th Infan-
try Divisions in the landings on the west coast of French Morocco. Two landings were made
at Fedala and Port Lyautey, above Casablanca, while the third was made at Safi, 140 miles
below (south) of that city.
The worst resistance was at Port Lyautey, where part of the division supported the 60th
Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division. The 41st Armored Infantry, in conjunction with
the 60th Infantry, engaged a French regiment which put up a stiff fight throughout the
first two days. With the disastrous defeat of their tank forces, however, the French inf-
antry gave way and retreated to safer positions in the hills. The French agreed to a cease-
fire on 11 November 1942. The problem with the French, had been faulty leadership at the
very top.
The 2nd Armored then helped guard the Spanish Moroccan frontier against a possible int-
ervention by Spain, but, fortunately, this never occurred.
Part of the 2nd Armored later saw action in the spring of 1943, at Beja, Tunisia.
As a whole, the 2nd Armored first saw combat on Sicily, July-August 1943. Elements
were landed on the very first day, 10 July 1943, in time to help the infantry beat back
attacks on the beachhead by the Hermann Gbring Panzer Division.
Although the rugged terrain on Sicily wasn't ideally suited for armored warfare, the div-
ision, nevertheless, contributed importantly in defeating the Germans and Italians in the
western part of the large island.
On 15 July 1943, the 2nd assembled at Campobello, and then followed the general advance

to exploit breakthroughs. The 2nd Armored was committed into action, 22 July 1943, and
drove rapidly to the outskirts of Palermo.
Altogether, losses of the 2nd Armored were not nearly as heavy as could have been. In
both North Africa and Sicily, the division sustained losses of 110 men killed in action or
died of wounds, and 244 wounded. Very few men were captured.
After Sicily, the 2nd Armored was shipped to England for a lengthy stay before the in-
vasion of Normandy, 6 June 1944.
The 2nd went into action near Carentan, Normandy, France, a few days after the first
D-Day landings. Combat Command A and elements of the 101st Airborne Division soon launch-
ed a highly skilled and co-ordinated attack at dawn on 13 June 1944, taking the unsuspect-
ing Germans, who had no knowledge of American tanks in the area .completely-by surprise.
It was in Normandy that the 2nd Armored first encountered the deadly hedgerows. Usual-
ly 10-12 feet high with seemingly impenetrable growths of vegetation, the problem was even-
tually solved by employing a maximum of artillery on a given area, and, later, by the use
of tank-dozers--tanks fitted with a huge bulldozer-like blade in the front.
Despite the difficult terrain, the force of the attack overwhelmed the Germans who att-
empted to resist by tying snipers into trees to delay the advance of the infantry who were
following the tanks. The-.sa\pers were quickly disposed of by men with Browning Automatic
Rifles (BARs) who sprayed-the trees with bullets. By nightfall, the Germans had been hurl-
ed back with a loss of more than 500 dead. Only two Germans were captured. The 2nd Arm-
ored lost only 8 men killed and 45 wounded.
On 15 June 1944, in another terrific battle, the 2nd killed or wounded hundreds more of
the enemy, with only moderate losses to themselves. The Germans were really feeling the
power of Hell On Wheels.
During the next fortnight, the division moved into the vicinity of Balleroy, where plans
and training were kept at peak efficiency. There were numerous brushes with the enemy, un-
til 17 July 1944. At this time the 2nd Armored was relieved by the British 50th Brigade,
and returned to an assembly area north of Cerisy Forest.
In the vital breakthrough west of St. L6, commencing on 25 July 1944, the 2nd and 3rd
Armored Divisions spearheaded the way, beating off German flanking attacks. It was during
this intense fighting that the 2nd Armored had one of its three Medal of Honor winners of
the war, Sergeant Hulon B. Whittington, 41st Armored Infantry, near Grimesnil, France,
29 July 1944.
On the night of 29 July 1944, during an enemy armored attack, Sgt Whittington, a squad
leader, assumed command of his platoon when both the platoon leader and sergeant became
missing in action.
He reorganized the defense and, under fire, courageously crawled between gun positions
to check the actions of his men. When the Germans attempted to penetrate a roadblock, he
mounted a tank and, by shouting through the turret, directed it into position to fire
point-blank at the leading Mark V German tank. The destruction of this leading tank block-
ed all movement of the remaining enemy column consisting of over 100 vehicles of a panzer
unit. The blocked vehicles were then destroyed by grenades, bazooka, tank, and artillery
fire, and large numbers of enemy personnel were wiped out in a bold and resolute bayonet
charge inspired by Sgt Whittington. When the medical aid man became a casualty, the ser-
geant personally administered first aid to his wounded men.
The dynamic leadership and inspiring courage of Sgt Whittington were in keeping with the
highest traditions of the U.S. armed forces.
The Germans continued to counterattack with the 2nd and ll6th Panzer and 363rd Infantry
Divisions. One enemy counterthrust, employing 40 tanks with supporting infantry, was beat-
en back in a 13-hour battle at the Villebaudon crossroads, west of Tessy-sur-Vire. 30
July 1944, was the 2nd Armored's bloodiest day in combat of the war, but heavy fighting
continued through 31 July, as the 2nd Armored prevented the Germans from disrupting the en-
tire breakthrough. Tessy was captured on 1 August.
The 2nd Armored, in severe fighting from 7-13 August 1944, helped stop a dangerous Ger-
man counterblow near Mortain. The division then began streaming across northern France.

On 19 August 1944, the 2nd Armored attacked west of Dreux, France, to cut German forces
off from the Seine, between Paris and Elbeuf. The 2nd reached Le Neubourg, 23 August, and
resumed the advance on 30 August, reaching positions northwest of Cambrai, 1 September.
On 13 September 1944, Combat Command A crossed the Albert Canal, in Belgium. Combat
Command B crossed the canal at Meerseen, 15 September, but its bridgehead was subjected to
heavy German fire the following day. The Germans were then forced back to Sittard, in ex-
treme southeast Holland, and Sittard was taken on 18 September 1944. The 2nd Armored then
effected a breakthrough, and drove to Gangelt, but a strong German counterattack restored
their lines on the 19th. The 2nd Armored then took up defensive positions near Geilenkirchen
This was in the Siegfried Line area in extreme western Germany.
The 2nd then attacked on 3 October 1944, as it crossed the WUrm River, at Marienberg, to
expand the 30th Infantry Division's bridgehead. CCB attacked from Uebach the next day, and
suffered heavy tank losses, being reinforced by CCA. CCB was then stopped short of Geilen-
kirchen, in heavy fighting, on 6 October 1944.
The 2nd Armored then fought through heavy combat at Baesweiler and Oidtweiler, to attack
in the battle of the Aachen Gap, at Wurselen, starting on 13 October 1944.
After rest and maintenance, the 2nd Armored next attacked on 16 November 1944, as part
of the assault to the Roer-.Riiar. This was some of the most bitter fighting of the war for
the 2nd Armored. The Germans threw heavy artillery and mortar barrages at the advancing
Americans, and the 2nd lost numerous tanks and personnel amid the increasingly cold and
rainy weather. On 17 November 1944, the Germans mounted another vicious counterattack, and
the fighting was bloody and hard.
Against continued very strong enemy resistance, the 2nd kept on attacking and took the
town of Apweiler. The division then held this town against yet another German counterattack,
18-19 November 1944.
The 2nd Armored renewed its attacks in heavy rain, 20 November 1944, and CCA fought a
bitter battle for Merzenhausen from 22-27 November. 27 November 1944, was a very costly day
for both sides. CCA then took Barmen, and reached the Roer on 28 November. The 2nd then
took up defensive positions along the Roer, until released as a result of the German count-
eroffensive in the Ardennes, beginning on 16 December 1944.
Sent racing back into Belgium) the 2nd Armored held Celles, on Christmas Day, 1944, again-
st heavy attacks by its numerical counterpart, the crack 2nd Panzer Division. In fact, Hell
On Wheels stopped the western-most German thrust in the Bulge battle. It turned back the
2nd Panzer only 4 miles from thd Meuse River, a major German objective. At this time, the
weather was very foggy and misty in this area, and most ironically, the German armored out-
fit had run out of fuel for its tanks, failing to detect a fuel dump only a few hundred
yards off in the distance. This was a big turning point in the Battle of the Bulge. The
2nd Panzer Division suffered very heavy losses in tanks and personnel, and finally limped
back toward the Siegfried Line, only a shadow of its former self.
When the U.S. 1st Army rallied from the massive German assault and began to force the
enemy back, the counteroffensive was spearheaded by the 2nd Armored. Slipping and slugging
forward in the deep snow, the men of the division were the first to link-up with units from
the 3rd Army, near Houffalize, Belgium, in mid-January 1945.
After rest and rehabilitation the last half of January-throughout February 1945, the 2nd
Armored attacked again on 28 February 1945. It crossed the Cologne Plain in heavy fighting
and assaulted across the Nord Canal. The 2nd Armored's part in this offensive was concluded
when the division took Verdingen, on the Rhine.
The 2nd crossed the Rhine, 27 March 1945, and relieved the 17th Airborne Division on 29
March. In a great enveloping maneuver, the 2nd then raced across the northern edge of the
Ruhr to link-up with the 3rd Armored Division near Lippstadt. This feat closed a huge trap
on 330,000 German troops.
Leaving the huge pocket to other divisions, the 2nd Armored dashed to the east, and was
the first American outfit to reach the Elbe River, at Sch6nebeck, on 11 April 1945.
Then, near the city of Magdeburg, the Germans, throwing in fresh troops, suddenly stiff-
ened, and fiercely counterattacked the bridgehead the 2nd was attempting to throw over the
wide river. The Germans also blew up a bridge in this area, some of the Americans were

trapped on the far side of the river, and, altogether, suffered around 300 casualties at
the Elbe, in this local setback. Most of the men were captured with some 20 being killed
in action.
The 2nd Armored then helped the 30th Infantry Division clear Magdeburg in 24 hours of
Elements of the division were then sent back westward to help destroy the Von Klause-
witz Panzer Division, while the rest of the outfit maintained its positions on the west
bank of the Elbe. The Russians were then soon contacted.
In July 1945, the 2nd Armored Division entered Berlin--the first American unit to en-
ter the German capital--a fitting tribute to one of the finest formations in the ETO.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--3 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--1,456
Distinguished Unit Citations--13 Killed In Action----1,200
Distinguished Service Crosses-23 Wounded--- 5,757
Silver Stars 2,302 Missing 60
Captured --,266
Total Casualties-----7,283

Other 2nd Armored Divisii&rrial of Honor winners in World War II:
Captain James M. Burt, 66th Amd Inf, 13 October 1944, near Wurselen, Germany
Sergeant Gerry H. Kisters, 31 July 1943, near Gagliano, Sicily
The 2nd Armored Division's home base is at Fort Hood, Texas, with elements in Germany,
as of this writing. (27 September 1990)



NOVEMBER 1942 JULY 1943 JUNE 1944 JULY 1944
8 Nov 111 10 July 1 6 June 1 3 July 11
9 Nov 1 11 July 11111111111111 14 9 June 11111111 8 5 July 111
16 Nov 1 12 July 11111 11 June 1111 6 July 1
13 July 1 13 June 111 13 July 11
5 14 July 1 14 June 1 14 July 11
16 July 1 15 June 11111 15 July 11
DECEMBER 1942 17 July 11 16 June 111 17, July 1
18 July 1 19 June 1 27 Vuly 11111111111 11
7 Dec 1 21 July 11 26 28 VJuly 11111111111111111 20
22 July 1 29 July 18
22 Dec 11 22 July 1 29 July 111111111111111111 18
3 29 30 July 1111111111111111111111111 1 32-
31 July 11111111 8 approx.
102 554men



1 Aug 11111 2 Sept 11 4 Oct 111
2 Aug 11111111 8 3 Sept 1 5 Oct 11111111 8
3 Aug 1111111 5 Sept 1 6 Oct 1121111111111111111111 25
4 Aug 11 1111111111111111 22 7 Sept 1 7 Oct 111111111111 12
5 Aug 111111111 9 13 Sept 11 8 Oct 111111
6 Aug 11111111111111111111111 23 14 Sept 1 9 Oct 111
7 Aug 1111 15 Sept 11 10 Oct 1
8 Aug 1111111111 10 16 Sept 1111111 1 Oct 1
9 Aug 111 17 Sept 111 Oct 11111
10 Aug 111111111 9 18 Sept 111 3 Oct 11
11 Aug 1111111111 10 19 Sept 111 15 Oct 11
12 Aug 111111111 9 20 Sept 1 16 Oct 1
13 Aug 11111111111 11 23 Sept 11 19 Oct 1
14 Aug 11 24 Sept 11 24 Oct 1
15 Aug 1 29 Sept 1 27 Oct 11
18 Aug 1 28 Oct 1
19 Aug 1 32
20 Aug 11111
21 Aug 1
22 Aug 11111111111 11
23 Aug 111111111111 12
24 Aug 1111
25 Aug 1111111111 10
26 Aug 11
27 Aug 1
31 Aug 111



5 Nov 1 2 Dec 111 3 Jan 11111111111111111 17 5 Feb 1
15 Nov 1 3 Dec 1 4 Jan 111111 13 Feb 1
16 Nov 1111 18 Dec 1 5 Jan 111111 28 Feb 11111111111111 14
17 Nov 1111111111111111111111 22 21 Dec 1 6 Jan 11111111 8 16
18 Nov 11111 25 Dec 1111 7 Jan 111111
19 Nov 1111 26 Dec 11111111 8 8 Jan 1111
20 Nov 111111 27 Dec 11111111 8 9 Jan 111111
22 Nov 11 28 Dec 111 10 Jan 1111
23 Nov 11111111 8 29 Dec 1111 11 Jan 11
24 Nov 111 31 Dec 1 12 Jan 11111111
26 Nov 1 13 Jan 1
27 Nov 111111111111111111111111 24 14 Jan 111
28 Nov 11 15 Jan 1
29 Nov 1



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Mar 111111111111 12 1 Apr 111 14 May 1
2 Mar 111111111111111111 18 2 Apr 11111 1
3 Mar 11111 3 Apr 111111
4 Mar 1 4 Apr 1
6 Mar 11 5 Apr 111
8 Mar 1 6 Apr 11111
28 Mar 1 8 Apr 1
29 Mar 1 10 Apr 11111111 8 it
30 Mar 1 11 Apr 1
31 Mar 11111 12 Apr 1
47 13 Apr 1111
14 Apr 1111
15 Apr 1
16 Apr 11
17 Apr 11
26 Apr 1

*bloodiest day -30 July 1944
bloodiest month August 1944
2nd bloodiest day -6 October 1944
3rd bloodiest day -27 November 1944
Total battle deaths -------1,456
758 are listed=52.0% KIA-1,200


Regular Army
Activated-15 April 1941
Inactivated-10 November 194-tn Europe
Reactivated-15 July 1947
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France-Belgium Siegfried Line
Days In Combat-21 Ardennes Rhineland Ruhr Pocket Central Germany
Days In Combat-231
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Leroy H. Watson August 1942-August 1944
Maj-Gen Maurice Rose August 1944-31 March 1945
Brig-Gen Doyle 0. Hickey April-June 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 3rd Armored Division was activated at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana,
in April 1941. After intensive training in the United States, including maneuvers in the
Mojave Desert, in southern California, the division eventually left Camp Kilmer, New Jer-
sey, for embarkation from New York harbor, on 5 September 1943.
The 3rd Armored underwent more intensive training in England.
In Normandy, France, the 3rd Armored entered combat on 29 June 1944, against the Vill-
ers-Fossard salient northeast of St. L8.
Among the 3rd Armored's first opponents was the crack German 6th Parachute Regiment.
The inexperienced division suffered heavy casualties at the hands of these tough paratroop-
ers, until it became a battle-hardened outfit.
There was a slight break in the action for the 3rd Armored until 8 July 1944. At that
time, the 3rd seized the Haut-Vents crossroads after heavy combat, by the llth. The 3rd
Armored then fought defensive actions and maintained its positions until 26 July 1944. On
this day, Combat Command B passed through the 1st Infantry Division to take Marigny. This
was part of the major U.S. breakthrough west of St. Lb.
CCA continued the offensive by forcing a crossing of the Sienne River, at Gavray, on 30
July 1944. In this breakout phase a number of first-rate German divisions were badly maul-
ed as they desperately attempted to fight-off the American onslaught.
Then, in the early morning hours of 7 August 1944, the Germans launched a very strong
counterblow in the vicinity of Mortain, the hardest thrust falling upon the 30th Infantry
Division. In this attack the Germans were employing four of their very best divisions--
the 1st and 2nd SS Panzer and 2nd and 116th Panzer. Several U.S. units were quickly maneu-
vered into the area to help out the hard-pressed 30th Division, and one of these was CCB
of the 3rd Armored. Extremely heavy fighting developed, and for five days the battle sway-
ed back and forth. Finally, on 13 August 1944, the Germans withdrew.
In mid-August 1944, the 3rd Armored, battling 50 miles in 10 days against determined
German resistance, helped trap 10,000 Germans in the Falaise-Argentan Gap. The Germans,
including many SS troops, fought furiously to break out of this trap, and many succeeded.

However, many more didn't, and the battlefield was littered with knocked out enemy tanks
and other vehicles, dead horses--and men. The stench was overpowering.
On 15 August, near Fromental, an SS patrol captured an officer and 4 other men from the
703rd Tank Destroyer Battalion, and killed all but one man who escaped. This action turn-
ed the Spearhead men into dedicated killers.
The 3rd Armored was the spearhead of the 1st Army's drive across northern France, with
the stalwarts of this army, the 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions, following in its wake. By
Normandy standards action was not too heavy in most places, but there were plenty of vic-
ious smaller fights. The 3rd Armored bowled across the Marne River, near Mieux, and pur-
sued the enemy relentlessly, crossing the Aisne River, east of Soissons, on 29 August 1944.
The speed of the American armor surprised the Germans. It was a blitzkrieg in reverse.
To the Americans, however, who thought that the Germans were just about licked, the
drive through northern France and into Belgium was something of a nightmare. The days and
nights merged into one long stream of fatigue and weariness in the seemingly endless pur-
suit. They followed the white roads all day long with their eyes streaming from the hot
sun, wind, and dust. At night they drove in total blackout, and with the dubious knowledge
that the enemy could be at any given point. All of this was overcome only by the sureness
that the Germans were on the run.
Near Mons, Belgium, the_--3- Armored surprised a troop train full of Germans, and really
shot it up, and captured 10,000 prisoners, including three German generals.
Slashing deeper into Belgium, the 3rd Armored advanced through Charleroi and Namur, and
captured the city of Liege, on 8 September 1944. Eupen fell on the llth, and the 3rd Arm-
ored staked a claim to being the first American troops to cross into Germany. The divis-
ion breached the Siegfried Line at Rbtgen, 12 September 1944.- Then it swung to the north
into the mining area around Stolberg, near Aachen, against heavy opposition. The Germans
were far from being beaten.
On 14 September 1944, CCA reached Eilendorf, a suburb of Aachen. The next day the 3rd
Armored encountered the second belt of the Siegfried Line defenses. The 3rd suffered sev-
ere tank losses on Geisberg Hill, and CCB took, but was then forced back out of, Mausbach.
On the following day CCA was stopped in its advance on Stolberg, while CCB finally took
Geisberg Hill, 17 September, but was then forced back off. 17 September 1944, was a very
costly day for both sides.
After fighting for Weissenberg and Munsterbusch Hills, 18-20 September, Stolberg fin-
ally fell on the 22nd. However, because of very heavy losses, the 3rd Armored then post-
poned its Siegfried Line offensive any further, and used smoke screens to withdraw CCB
from Donnerberg.
October 1944, wasn't too bad for the 3rd Armored. It took part in one action of any
significance during this month. Between 18-28 October 1944, the 3rd was committed to
clearing the Lousberg Heights, and cutting the Aachen-Laurensberg Highway. Losses were
not excessive in this operation.
The 3rd Armored was next committed into the assault to the Roer River, commencing on
16 November 1944. The division didn't have a lengthy participation in this operation,
but, still, saw heavy fighting the first three days of the assault.
Next, in a local attack, in conjunction with the 9th Infantry Division, the 3rd cleared
to the west bank of the Roer, 10 December 1944, and took Geich on the next day.
Then, the- Germans opened their all-out counteroffensive in the Ardennes on 16 December
1944. The 3rd Armored was rushed into the northern side of the Bulge, teaming up with el-
ements of the 30th Infantry Division. The 3rd bored in to meet a large part of the elite
1st SS "Leibstandarte" Panzer Division. A furious, fluctuating battle developed between
these two expert and well-commanded fighting machines, and the casualties quickly mounted
on both sides. CCB attacked Stoumont and La Gleize, 20 December 1944, while the rest of
the 3rd Armored tried to secure the Manhay-Houffalize Road. The 3rd contained a German
thrust at Hotton, but lost a key road junction southeast of Manhay on 23 December, and the
following day its roadblock at Belle Haie was reduced by the Germans.
The German attacks continued on through Christmas Day. Part of the 2nd SS "Das Reich"
Panzer Division and the 12th SS "HitlerjUgend" Panzer Division were also hurled at the
Fighting 3rd Armored, and some of the most desperate fighting of the war occurred amid the

wintry conditions of the Ardennes. But the lines held as casualties mounted into the
hundreds. General Rose, the gallant division commander, remained cool and unshaken, even
when a German V-l "buzz bomb" landed only 100 yards from his jeep. But more American units
arrived on the northern side of the salient, and the Germans were slowly, but surely, for-
ced back. The 3rd Armored had stood up against the best troops that Germany had left, and
had fought them to a standstill.
Going over to the attack the 3rd Armored assaulted Grandmenil on 26 December 1944, and
CCA of the division recovered Sadzot on 28 December. In bitter fighting the 3rd Armored
then reduced a German salient west of Houffalize, by 20 January 1945.
The 3rd Armored rested and recuperated during most of February 1945.
As soon as the 8th and 104th Infantry Divisions had established a bridgehead across the
Roer, the 3rd Armored commenced its assault, 26 February 1945, by spearheading the attack
on the big city of Cologne.
With characteristic dash and vigor, the 3rd broke through the initial resistance and
raced to the east. In two days it forced the difficult crossing of the Erft River, 27-28
February 1945, and then defeated German counterattacks. The 3rd then swung across the
northern end of the formidable Vorgebirge. This hill mass, pitted with a succession of
open lignite mines and studded with slag heaps, made maneuvering very difficult. Pressing
the attack northeast, thei-r Armored reached the Rhine, near Wbrringen, 4 March 1945, and
was the first outfit to enter gutted, bombed-out Cologne the next day. The Germans fought
furiously amid the ruins with 88mm guns, machineguns, panzerfausts, and snipers. Neverthe-
less, working with the 8th and 104th Infantry Divisions, the city was cleared in two days.
The 3rd Armored next advanced across the Rhine on 23 March 1945, and into the expanding
Remagen bridgehead. On 25 March, the division attacked east through the 1st and 104th Inf-
antry Divisions, brushing aside resistance, and pressed through the hilly and wooded area
between the Sieg and Wied Rivers. Although enemy opposition was sharp and unrelenting,
the 3rd seized Altenkirchen, and quickly forced a crossing of the Dill River, near Herborn.
Marburg was then captured, 28 March 1945, and this action cut German communications in the
Lahn River Valley.
Beginning on 29 March 1945, the Spearhead Division, in an unprecedented drive, advanced
90 road miles to the northeast in one 24-hour period. As it neared its objective, Pader-
born, the 3rd Armored became heavily engaged, and fought its way through fanatical resist-
ance by enemy troops from the SS Panzer Replacement Training Center.
During this action, General Rose was up front, as usual, when, near dusk on 31 March
1945, he and his party were surprised by a big German tank which suddenly loomed in front
of them. No one knows exactly what happened next--possibly General Rose reached for his
.45-but suddenly the German tank commander fired his burp gun and the general fell for-
ward dead. In the confusion and increasing darkness, several of the GIs escaped into the
fields, while a number of others were captured. And so, the 3rd Armored lost an outstand-
ing commander. His place was taken by the very capable Brigadier-General Doyle 0. Hickey.
Continuing onward, while repelling counterattacks from all sides, the 3rd captured Pad-
erborn on 1 April. On this same day, a task force advanced to the west and made contact
with the 2nd Armored Division at Lippstadt. Thus, a gigantic pincers movement was complet-
ed, trapping some 330,000 German soldiers in the Ruhr. This sealed the doom of Nazi Ger-
many, but some hard fighting still lay ahead.
Crossing the Weser River, on 5 April 1945, the 3rd Armored resumed its relentless pur-
suit of the disintegrating German forces with another enveloping maneuver, this time around
the Harz Mountains. The key towns of Duderstadt, Nordhausen, and Sangerhausen fell in rap-
id succession. At Nordhausen, the 3rd Armored got a good look at what Nazism really stood
for, when the men went to the concentration camp near the town. Battle-hardened veterans
became visibly sick at the sight of the living skeletons and the dead lying all around the
After this unforgettable experience, the 3rd drove further east toward Dessau, near
where the Mulde River flows into the Elbe. The Germans threw in fresh troops and, from
13-19 April 1945, very fierce fighting occurred between the 3rd Armored and these German
troops, and the 3rd suffered heavy casualties. Despite this, the sizeable town of K6then



JUNE 1944 JULY 1944 AUGUST 1944
29 June 111111111111111111111 21 8 July 11111 1 Aug 11111111111111 14
30 June 11111111111111111 17 9 July 1111111 2 Aug 1111111111111111111 19
10 July 11111111 8 3 Aug 111
11 July 11111111111111111 17 4 Aug 111111
12 July 111111 5 Aug 11111111 8
13 July 1111111 6 Aug 1111111
14 July 11111 7 Aug 111
15 July 111111 8 Augllllll11111111111111 14
16 July 1111 9 Aug 1111111 8
17 July 111 10 Aug 1111111111111111111111111 25
18 July 11 11 Aug 111111111111 12
26 July 1 12 Aug 1
27 July 111111111 9 13 Aug 111111111 9
28 July 111111111111 12 14 Aug 1111111
29 July 1111 15 Aug 111111111111111111111 21
30 July 1111 16 Aug 11111111111111 14
31 July 1111111111 10 17 Aug 111111111111111111111111111111111 33*
1 18 Aug 11111 approx.
113 19 Aug 1 65(men
21 Aug 11
26 Aug 11111
27 Aug 1111
28 Aug 1111
29 Aug 111111111111 12
30 Aug 111
31 Aug 1111111

was taken, and then the city of Dessau was cleared after two more days of fierce fighting,
21-23 April 1945. Soon after, the 3rd Armored was relieved along the Mulde River, by the
9th Infantry Division.
During its time in combat the 3rd Armored captured over 76,000 prisoners, and it had,
by far, the most casualties of any American armored division in the war. The 3rd Armored
had really lived up to its motto "Spearhead In The West."
After extensive occupational duty in Europe, the 3rd Armored was inactivated there in
November 1945, but then was later reactivated in July 1947, as a Regular Army division.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--2,302
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 7 Killed In Action---- 2,043
Distinguished Service Crosses-25 Wounded 7,160
Silver Stars 839 Missing -104
Captured -366
Denotes Killed In Action Total Casualties--- 9,673

The 3rd Armored Division has been stationed in Germany for many years, and still is as
of this writing. (27 September 1990)



1 Sept 1111 1 Oct 11 2 Nov 1 1 Dec 1
2 Sept 111111 2 Oct 1 3 Nov 11 5 Dec 11
3 Sept 1111111111111111111111 22 3 Oct 11 6 Nov 11 6 Dec 11
4 Sept 111111111 9 4 Oct 11 7 Nov 1 10 Dec 111111111 9
5 Sept 11111111111 11 5 Oct 11 8 Nov 11 11 Dec 11111
6 Sept 111 8 Oct 111 9 Nov 111111 12 Dec 111111111111 12
7 Sept 111111 9 Oct 1 13 Nov 11 13 Dec 11
8 Sept 1111 10 Oct 11 14 Nov 11 t 14 Dec 1
9 Sept 111 11 Oct 1 16 Nov 11111111119 16 Dec 1
10 Sept 11111 13 Oct 11 17 Nov 11111111111111 14 18 Dec 11
11 Sept 111111 16 Oct 1 18 Nov 1111 20 Dec 111111
12 Sept 11111111 8 17 Oct 111 19 Nov 1 21 Dec 111111
13 Sept 11111111111 11 19 Oct 1111 20 Nov 1 22 Dec 1111111
14 Sept 1111111 20 Oct 111 21 Nov 1 23 Dec 11111111111111 14
15 Sept 1111111 22 Oct 1111 24 Nov 11 24 Dec 1111111111 10
16 Sept 1 23 Oct 1 25 Nov 111 25 Dec 111111111111111 15
17 Sept 111111111111111111111111111111 30 24 Oct 1. 30 Nov 1 26 Dec 111111
18 Sept 11111 25 Oct 111 27 Dec 1
19 Sept 1111111111111111111 19 29 Oct 111 28 Dec 1111
20 Sept 1111111 31 Oct 1 29 Dec 1
21 Sept 1111111111111111111111111 25 42 30 Dec 1
22 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 108
23 Sept 11111111 8
24 Sept 111
25 Sept 111111
26 Sept 1111
27 Sept 1
28 Sept 111
30 Sept 11



3 Jan 1111111 26 Feb 1111111111111 13 1 Mar 11 1 Apr 1111111
4 Jan 111111 27 Feb 11111111111111111 17 2 Mar 1111111111111111 16 2 Apr 11
5 Jan 11111111 8 28 Feb 11111 3 Mar 11111111 8 5 Apr 1
6 Jan 1111111 4 Mar 1 6 Apr 1111111111 10
7 Jan 11111111111 11 5 Mar 111111 7 Apr 11
8 Jan 11111 6 Mar 11 8 Apr 1
9 Jan 11 7 Mar 11 9 Apr 1
10 Jan 111 10 Mar 1 10 Apr 111
11 Jan 11111 12 Mar 1 11 Apr 1
12 Jan 1 19 Mar 1 12 Apr 11
13 Jan 111111111 9 23 Mar 1 13 Apr 1111111111 10
14 Jan 1111111111 10 24 Mar 11 14 Apr 111111111 9
15 Jan 1111111111111 13 25 Mar 1111111 15 Apr 11111111111111 14
16 Jan 111111 26 Mar 111 16 Apr 111111111 9
17 Jan 111111 27 Mar 111 17 Apr 1111111111111 13
18 Jan 111111 28 Mar 1 18 Apr 111111111111111 15
19 Jan 1 29 Mar 1111 19 Apr 11111111111 11
20 Jan 111 30 Mar 11111111111111111111111 23 20 Apr 111
21 Jan 1 31 Mar 111111111111 12 21 Apr 11111
23 Jan 1 96 22 Apr 11
25 Jan 1 24 Apr 1
27 Jan 1 26 Apr 1
112 123

MAY 1945
1 May 1
8 May 1
-tbloodiest day ----17 August 1944
bloodiest month August or September 1944
2nd bloodiest day 17 September 1944
3rd bloodiest day 10 August and 21 September 1944
Total battle deaths 2,302
1,216 are listed=52.7% KIA-2,043


Activated-15 April 1941
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Brittany North-Central France
Das In Combat 0 Lorraine-Saar Ardennes Rhineland Central Europe
Days In Combat--230
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen J. S. Wood May 1942-December 1944
Maj-Gen Hugh J. Gaffey December 1944-March 1945
Maj-Gen William M. Hoge March-June 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 4th Armored Division, after maneuvers in the United States, received
further training in England from January-early-July 1944.
The 4th Armored landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, on 11 July 1944, and entered combat in
Normandy on 17 July 1944
Attacking southward, the 4th Armored secured the area around Coutances in moderate to
heavy combat. Breaking through at Avranches, it continued south to cut off the Brittany
Peninsula, and reached Vannes on 5 August. After investing Lorient on 7 August 1944, the
division entered evacuated Nantes on the llth, and then took Orl6ans with Combat Command A
on 16 August.
Advancing eastward, the 4th Armored succeeded in forcing a bridgehead over the Seine River
at Troyes, and soon entered the province of Lorraine. By 31 August 1944, CCA reached the
Meuse River, at Commercy and Pont-sur-Meuse, and established a bridgehead. Relieved there by
the 80th Infantry Division, 2 September 1944, the 4th Armored crossed the Moselle River, near
Lorey against heavy opposition, and stopped strong German counterattacks, all from 11-13 Sep-
tember. CCB forced the Marne-Rhine Canal, at Crevic and Maixe against heavy resistance on
15 September, and CCR advanced into Lunbville the next day.
The Germans then began a series of heavy, violent attacks in the vicinity of Chateau-Sal-
ins, 15-30 September 1944. There was a series of tank duels, and heavy fighting at Luneville,
which changed hands several times. One German assault overran CCA lines, 25 September, and
the 4th lost Vic-sur-Seille and Moncourt, and then withdrew from Juvelize and Coincourt the
following day. The battle for Hill 318 was fought, 27-28 September, with severe losses, but
on 29 September1_944, the 4th defeated the German effort to retake Arracourt.
There then followed a lull in the fighting during October 1944, for the 4th Armored. Af-
ter holding a defensive line from Chambrey to Xanrey to Henamenil until 11 October, the 4th
then rested until early-November 1944. So far, the fighting in Lorraine had cost the lives
of some 250 men in the 4th Armored.
Despite the very wet, rainy weather, General Patton opened an offensive aimed toward the
Saar, beginning on 8 November 1944. He wanted to catch the Germans off-guard, and, to a good
extent, he succeeded. But they quickly recovered, and it was bloody fighting all the way.
In fact, 10 November 1944, was the 4th Armored's most costly day in combat of the war.
As the American assault continued, the 4th Armored cleared Bois de Serres, 12 November,
and slashed through the left flank of the German 48th Infantry Division, reaching Hannocourt
and Viviers. However, one German formation, in particular, caused the Americans a good deal
of trouble. The crack llth Panzer Division, veteran of the Russian Front and the fighting in

southern France, counterattacked in the freezing rain turning to snow, and recaptured the
town of Rodalbe, as well as destroying about 30 U.S. tanks before the day was over. The
4th Armored slugged ahead, but the llth Panzer again counterattacked and captured numerous
Americans. It was rough, difficult combat.
Despite these setbacks, the 4th Armored kept on advancing against strong resistance to
capture Dieuze, and retake Bodalbe by 19 November 1944. The 4th crossed the Sarre, at Rom-
elfing, 24 November, cleared Baerendorf in house-to-house fighting, and helped the 44th Inf-
antry Division check a major German attack on the 25th. This attack, consisting of the
Panzerlehr and about half of the 25th Panzer Grenadier Divisions, was designed to cut-off a
large part of the U.S. 7th Army, of which the 44th Infantry Division was its far left flank.
Continuing toward the Saar, the 4th Armored took Wolfskirchen, despite flooded streams,
on 27 November 1944.
The 4th Armored then cleared its zone of responsibility, and next opened the attack on
Sarre-Union on 1 December 1944, which fell to the 26th Infantry Division the next day. The
4th then battled for Bining, 5-6 December, and was advancing on Singling, when it was rel-
ieved by the 12th Armored Division on 7 December 1944. In exactly one month of fighting to
the Saar, the 4th Armored's losses included at least 350 more men killed in action or died
of wounds. It had been a difficult campaign.
Two days after the Germaxe-taunched their major counteroffensive in the Ardennes, the
4th Armored entered the epic struggle on 18 December 1944. Racing west, and then northward
into eastern Belgium, under very trying winter conditions, the division covered 150 miles
in less than 20 hours, a magnificent feat of arms.
The 4th Armored attacked into the southern flank of the German penetration, heading for
the besieged defenders of Bastogne. The 4th took Martelange, battled for Chaumont, 23-25
December 1944, and seized Bigonville in heavy fighting on the 24th. CCR pushed through
Assenois, not far from Bastogne, 26 December 1944, and it was on this night that the 4th
Armored had one of its three Medal of Honor winners of the war, Private James R. Hendrix,
Company C, 53rd Armored Infantry Battalion, near Assenois, Belgium.
On this night, Pvt Hendrix was with the leading elements engaged in the final thrust to
break through to Bastogne, when halted by a combination of artillery and small-arms fire.
He dismounted from his halftrack and advanced against two 88mm guns and, by the ferocity of
his rifle fire, compelled the crews to take cover and then surrender.
Later in the attack, Pvt Hendrix again left his vehicle voluntarily to aid two wounded
soldiers, helpless and exposed to intense machinegun fire. Effectively silencing two enemy
machineguns, he held off the Germans by his own fire until the wounded men were evacuated.
He then distinguished himself when he hastened to the aid of still another soldier who
was trapped in a burning halftrack. Braving enemy sniper fire and exploding mines, he ex-
tricated the wounded man and extinguished his flaming clothing, saving this man's life.
Private Hendrix, by his courageous actions, upheld the very highest traditions of the
U.S. armed forces. And he survived the war.
The paratroopers and tankers of the 101st Airborne and parts of the 9th and 10th Armored
Divisions at Bastogne were relieved on this same evening, 26 December 1944. Contact with
the heroic defenders of Bastogne was first made by the 37th Tank Battalion and the 53rd Ar-
mored Infantry Battalion of CCR. But it was a narrow corridor, and the Germans attacked
furiously into either side of it. But the Americans stood their ground, beating back fur-
ious assaults- by the Germans. Among those making the hazardous journey into Bastogne was
famed war correspondent Walter Cronkite, and three other war correspondents.
The 4th Armored opened the Arlon-Bastogne Highway on 29 December 1944, and gave fire
support to the 35th Infantry Division. CCB attacked toward Noville, 9 January 1945, and
the entire division attacked through the 6th Armored Division, toward Bourcy, 10 January.
For the remainder of January 1945, the 4th Armored maintained defensive positions. It
cleared Hosdorf, on the Our River, in a local attack on 2 February 1945.
After rest and maintenance, now in the Eifel region of extreme western Germany, CCB att-
acked through the 80th Infantry Division at Geichlingen, on 22 February 1945. This force
seized the bridge over the Prum River, at Sinspelt, intact the next day, but sustained sev-
ere losses. As CCA crossed the Prim, at Oberweiss, 25 February, CCB established a bridge-
head across the Nims, at Rittersdorf. The next day the 4th Armored secured the high ground

over the Kyll River, and shelled and then helped capture Bitburg, but was unable to take
Erdorf. On 27 February 1945, however, CCA captured Matzen and CCB took Fliessen.
The 4th Armored then assembled near Bitburg, and attacked through the 5th Infantry Div-
ision on 5 March 1945. In high-gear all the way, the 4th Armored roared 65 miles in 48
hours, coming to a halt just outside of Koblenz. Then it regrouped and mopped-up.
On 15 March 1945, the 4th attacked from out of the Moselle bridgehead at Treis. The 4th
Armored headed southward, beating back a vicious counterattack by what remained of the 2nd
Panzer Division. The Nahe River was reached at Bad Kreuznach, on the 16th.
In conjunction with units of the U.S. 7th Army, the Breakthrough Division crossed the
Rhine, near Worms, 24-25 March 1945. Successful trackdowns of V-1 rocket launching sites
were soon commenced.
Then, in an all-night march, the 4th Armored succeeded in crossing the Main River, at
Grossauheim, on 28 March. South of Hanau, the 4th fought off attacks by very heavy German
armor. Continuing northeast, Lauterbach fell on 29 March, and then, pivoting due east,
Kreuzburg, across the Werra River, by 1 April 1945. The Germans resisted more heavily on
the Werra than was expected.
The advance continued deep into central Germany, with the large town of Gotha falling on
4 April. The 4th then helped liberate the infamous Buchenwald concentration camp near Wei-
mar. General Patton was visibly shaken when he saw the place---and so were many others--
including many German civilians from a nearby town who were forced by the GIs to see the
camp for themselves. Further east, the 4th captured the large town of Jena, crossed the
Saale River, 12 April 1945, and established bridgeheads over the Zwick Mulde River, at
Wolkenburg on the 13th against considerable resistance. The division then advanced to the
outskirts of the city of Chemnitz. It then was placed in reserve on 19 April 1945.
Then, shifting way to the south, and still under the 3rd Army, the 4th Armored attacked
into western Czechoslovakia, on 5 May 1945, through the Regen and Freyung Passes. It took
Susice, established a bridgehead over the Otava River, at Strakonice, and sent forward el-
ements to Pisek, on the road toward Prague, before V-E Day, 8 May 1945. Resistance in the
4th Armored's zone of attack was almost non-existent, and the Czechs gave the division a
tumultuous and heart-warming reception.
During the final advance across the Rhine, through central Germany, and then into Czech-
oslovakia, the 4th Armored's losses were not excessive. From 1 April-8 May 1945, the 4th
had close to 125 men killed in action or died of wounds.
The 4th Armored was Patton's most ace armored division, and it seldom let him down. It
often strained its own supply lines to the breaking point, but the division never slowed up
unless it ran short of fuel for its tanks. In one day, it took 8,000 prisoners.
After a tour of occupational duty, the 4th Armored returned to the United States for in-
activation, but was later reactivated as a Regular Army division.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--3 Casualties Total Battle Deaths--1,483
Distinguished Unit Citations--- Killed In Action----1,266
Distinguished Service Crosses-45 Wounded -- ,850
Silver Stars 757 Missing 65
Captured 1-53
Total Casualties--- 6,634
* One to the entire 4th Armored Division--Relief Of Bastogne

Other 4th Armored Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
1st Lt James H. Fields, 10th Amd Inf Bn, 27 September 1944, Rechicourt, France
Sgt Joseph J. Sadowski, 37th Tank Bn, 14 September 1944, Valhey, France

The 4th Armored Division had been stationed in Germany for many years, until 1971,
when it was replaced by the 1st Armored Division, and, later again, inactivated.



18 July 111 1 Aug 1111111111111 13 1 Sept 111111 1 Oct 1
19 July 1111111 2 Aug 1 2 Sept 1 2 Oct 111
20 July 1111111111111 13 3 Aug 1111 7 Sept 1 3 Oct 11
21 July 111111 4 Aug 11 11 Sept 1 4 Oct 1
24 July 11 5 Aug 1 12 Sept 1 5 Oct 1
28 July 1 6 Aug 111 13 Sept 11111 6 Oct 1
29 July 111111111 9 7 Aug 1111111111 10 14 Sept 1111111 7 Oct 11
30 July 1111111 8 Aug 1111111 15 Sept 111 8 Oct 11
31 July 111111111111111 15 9 Aug 11 16 Sept 11 10 Oct 1
10 Aug 111 17 Sept 1 13 Oct 1
63 11 Aug 1 18 Sept 11 17 Oct 1
12 Aug 11111 19 Sept 1111111111111 13 24 Oct 11111
13 Aug 1 20 Sept 1111111 25 Oct 1
16 Aug 1 21 Sept 11111 28 Oct 1
22 Aug 1 22 Sept 111111111 9 22
25 Aug 11111 23 Sept 11111
26 Aug 11111 24 Sept 1111111111111 13
28 Aug 1 25 Sept 1111111111 10
29 Aug 1 26 Sept 1111
30 Aug 11111 27 Sept 1111111
28 Sept 11111111 8
2 29 Sept 1111
30 Sept 1111



1 Nov 1 1 Dec 111111111 9 1 Jan 1
2 Nov 1 2 Dec 111111111 9 2 Jan 11111
9 Nov 1111111111111111 16 3 Dec 11 5 Jan 1
10 Nov 111111111111111111111111 24tapprox. 4 Dec 1111111 10 Jan 1111111111 10
11 Nov 11111111111111111111 20 40Xmen 5 Dec 1111111111 10 14 Jan 1
12 Nov 111 6 Dec 111111 15 Jan 1
13 Nov 111 8 Dec 11 19
14 Nov 1111111111 10 9 Dec 1
15 Nov 1111111 15 Dec 11
16 Nov 1111 21 Dec 1
17 Nov 1 23 Dec 111111111111 12
19-Nov 11111 24 Dec 11111111111111111 17
20 Nov 1111 25 Dec 111
21 Nov 11 26 Dec 1111111111111-13
22 Nov 1 27 Dec 111111111 9
23 Nov 1 28 Dec 111111111111 12
24 Nov 111 29 Dec 11111
25 Nov 111111111 9 30 Dec 1111111111111111 16
26 Nov 111 31 Dec 111111
27 Nov 1 142
28 Nov 1111111
29 Nov 1
30 Nov 11111



7 Feb 1 1 Mar 111111111 9 1 Apr 1111111111111 13
8 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 2 Apr 111111
10 Feb 1 3 Mar 11 3 Apr 111111111 9
13 Feb 1 4 Mar 1 4 Apr 11
21 Feb 111 5 Mar 111111 5 Apr 1
22 Feb 1 6 Mar 111111111111 12 6 Apr 1
23 Feb 111111111111111111 18 7 Mar 11 8 Apr 1
24 Feb 1111 8 Mar 1111 'i1 Apr 11
26 Feb 111111111 9 9 Mar 111 2 Apr 11
27 Feb 11111 10 Mar 1111 3 Apr 111111
28 Feb 111 16 Mar 11111111111 11 14 Apr 11111111111 11
18 Mar 11111111111 11 15 Apr 11
7 19 Mar 111111 18 Apr 1
20 Mar 11 20 Apr 1
24 Mar 11111111 8 25 Apr 11
25 Mar 111111 28 Apr 1
26 Mar 111111 61
27 Mar 111111111111111 15
28 Mar 1111111
29 Mar 111111
30 Mar 11
31 Mar 1111111111111 13

*bloodiest day 10 November 1944
bloodiest month December 1944
2nd bloodiest day 11 November 1944
3rd bloodiest day 23 February 1945
Total battle deaths 1,483
815 are listed=54.9% KIA-1,266


Activated-- October 1941
Returned To United States-8 October 1945
Inactivated-11 October 1945
Reactivated-6 July 1948 (later inactivated)
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France-Luxembourg Siegfried Line
Days In Combat-161 Ardennes Rhineland North-Central Germany
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Lunsford E. Oliver March 1943--June 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 5th Armored Division adopted the nickname "Victory Division" upon
its formation in October 1941, at Ft. Knox, Kentucky. At this time, the symbol "V" was the
main hope among the conquered peoples of Europe. Since this significant V was also the Rom-
an numeral for 5, the 5th Armored became known as the Victory Division.
After extensive training in the United States, including tank maneuvers in the Mojave
Desert, southern California, the 5th Armored went to Tennessee for maneuvers there. Event-
ually, the division disembarked in Liverpool, England, on 24 February 1944, and then under-
went more training in Wiltshire.
The 5th Armored entered combat in Normandy, on 2 August 1944, driving south through Cou-
tances, Avranches, and Vitre, and across the Mayenne River, to take Le Mans, on 8 August.
Resistance stiffened on 10 August 1944, as one German armored force was met north of the
Orne, and another at St. Remy du Plain.
Bypassing the Perseigne Forest, elements crossed the Sarthe River, and liberated Sees,
on 12 August. By midnight, Combat Command A was on the outskirts of Argentan, and artillery
shells were thundering into the town as the 5th began forging a ring of steel around the
Germans. The 5th Armored then blasted away at the enemy trapped in the Falaise-Argentan Gap,
before leaving Argentan to the 90th Infantry Division.
The 5th Armored then advanced 25 miles to disrupt the Eure-Seine corridor, the second big
trap in Normandy. The 5th encountered strong opposition on 22 August 1944, but still reach-
ed Houdebouville, by the 24th.
On 30 August 1944, the 5th Armored passed through Paris to spearhead the U.S. 5th Corps
drive through the historic Compiegne Forest. The division succeeded in crossing the Oise
River, at Pont Ste. Maxence, with Combat Command B on 31 August. After heavy fighting, on
1 September 1944, the 5th reached the Belgian border at Condg, the next day. Crossings
were secured over the Meuse River, near Sedan, 5 September, with CCA at Bazeilles, and CCR
at Mohon. Sedan was taken on the following day against moderate resistance. On 10 Septem-
ber, the city of Luxembourg fell without opposition, and the entire Grand Duchy was liberat-
ed in just two days.
The 85th Reconnaissance Squadron of the 5th Armored entered Germany, near Stalzenburg,
on 11 September 1944, and became the first Allied unit to enter the Reich from the west.

CCR crossed the Sauer River, from Luxembourg into Germany, on 14 September 1944, and clear-
ed Wallendorf, and then drove to the edge of Bettingen, the next day.
On 15 September 1944, an attack was started against this sector of the Siegfried Line
with the 5th Armored and several other divisions of the U.S. 1st Army. The Germans reacted
violently to this action, and put in a number of fierce counterattacks. There was heavy
and costly fighting for the 5th Armored from 15-21 September 1944, with 19 September 1944,
turning out to be the 5th's bloodiest day in combat of the war. The American attacks made
little headway against continued determined German resistance, and were soon suspended.
But the 5th Armored accomplished its mission--by drawing to its sector and containing pow-
erful German forces which outnumbered it, and might otherwise have been used to oppose the
U.S. 1st Army's main assault in the Aachen area, further north.
During October 1944, the 5th Armored was sent slightly northward to hold defensive pos-
itions in the Monschau-Hofen area. Very little action was seen by the division during this
But then CCR reinforced the 4th Infantry Division in the terrible Hirtgen Forest, on 16
November 1944, and advanced in heavy combat on 25 November. Shortly, the entire division
was committed in the forest, and it was the 5th Armored's worst experience of the war.
Fighting in impossible terra7r inclement weather, and hampered by thousands of mines and
booby-traps of all kinds, the men of the 5th Armored fought a hacking, foot-by-foot battle.
Mud, rain, and ice were constant companions, as the casualties mounted.
On 25 November 1944, CCR was stopped outside of Grosshau by a large crater and mines,
but by 29 November, had taken Kleinhau.
The 5th Armored took Brandenberg, with air support, on 3 December 1944, and cleared a
German strongpoint at Vossenack, on the next day. The 5th pushed into Bergstein, 5 Decem-
ber, and the fighting continued in earnest with 11 and 14 December being especially bloody
days in the grim HUrtgenwald. The attack bogged down.
The 5th Armored resumed the attack toward the Roer, 20 December 1944, and CCA fought for
Schneidhausen, 20-22 December. After this the 5th Armored was relieved in line by the 8th
and 83rd Infantry Divisions.
December 1944, had been a month of cruel and heartbreaking combat for the 5th Armored,
but, except for the soon to come German offensives in the Ardennes and in Alsace, never
again did the Germans fight with the tenacity they displayed in the Hurtgen Forest, and on
the banks of the Roer. The 5th Armored lost 255 men in the HUrtgen Forest.
The 5th Armored closed into Eupen, Belgium, on 24 December 1944, and was placed in 12th
Army Group Reserve. All of the 5th was placed on 2-hour alert. But SHAEF never did, as it
turned out, commit the 5th Armored, as a whole, into the Battle of the Bulge. However,
some elements of the division saw action in the first week of January 1945, notably on the
7th day of the month.
On 28 January 1945, CCA was attached to the 78th Infantry Division, and given the mission
of seizing the town of Eicherscheid, in the Kesternich-Konzen area of the Siegfried Line.
This effort was completed on 30 January, and then the small town of Colmar was taken on 2
February. CCA sustained moderate casualties in this local action.
After very limited action throughout most of February 1945, the 5th Armored crossed the
Roer, on 25 February 1945. This was part of a general offensive by the 1st Army to reach
the Rhine. Attacking through mud which bogged down CCB outside of Guenhoven, 27 February,
CCA then crossed the Niers Canal on 1 March, and took both Anrath and Fischeln, the follow-
ing day. CCR mopped-up the area around Orsoy, which included a battle for Repelen, 3 March.
The 5th Armored reached the Rhine, on 5 March 1945.
The 5th remained in the Kempen-Repelen area until 11 March 1945, at which time it was
relieved by the 75th Infantry Division.
The 5th Armored crossed the Rhine, at Wesel, 30-31 March 1945.
Bypassing the northern side of the Ruhr, the 5th Armored attacked across north-central
Germany, crossing the Weser River, and driving north of Braunschweig. No one slept, no one
ate--nothing but attack and pursuit, push on and attack again. The tanks kept running off
their maps as the 5th spearheaded 260 miles into enemy territory in 13 days. The 5th ran
wild in the German rear areas, isolating cities, paralyzing enemy communications, and over-

running defensive positions before the Germans could man them. A main danger was in poten-
tial ambushes from German troops hidden in wooded areas along or near roads. In one heavily
forested., hilly region 200 fanatical SS troops had to be blasted out of a strategic pass
they were holding. Otherwise, enemy resistance in the 5th Armored's zone of attack was in-
effectual during this drive across north-central Germany. Borgholzhausen was taken, and
the 5th Armored kept on pushing to the east via Rinteln, Hamelin, Peine, Gifhorn, Klotze,
Gardelegen, and Seehausen, thence to the wide Elbe River, at Tangermunde and vicinity, by
12 April 1945. TangermUnde (population 15,000) is only 45 miles west of Berlin, the clos-
est that any American outfit got to the German capital, while the war was still on.
As elements of the 5th Armored entered Tangerminde, 12 April, all hell suddenly broke
loose as the Germans opened up with panzerfausts and small-arms fire. Some of the American
tanks were hit, while other shells missed and exploded into buildings on the other side of
the street. There were a number of acts of individual bravery, and Pfc Luther A. Parham,
firing the machinegun on his tank, killed or wounded some 75 Germans, and greatly helped to
break-up this ambush. But fighting continued in Tangermuinde and the nearby area on into
the next day.
On 16 April 1945, CCB was ordered to race back 60 miles to the rear to around Klotze, to
help wipe out the Von Klause4itz Panzer Division. By 21 April, all enemy tanks and other
vehicles attempting to slice through COB were knocked out, and all but a few of the German
soldiers were killed or captured.
Meanwhile, CCA, was alerted on 20 April 1945, to clear out German pockets further north
(east of Hamburg, and just south of the Elbe), and some fierce fighting resulted. Heavy
nebelwerfer (rocket) fire was encountered north of Luchow, and then Zadrau was fanatically
defended by Hitler Youth troops. Their sniper fire was unusually accurate, and they kept
right on firing even when the buildings they had barricaded themselves in were burned around
them. However, artillery and fighter-bombers soon took over, and Zadrau was reduced to a
smoking mass of rubble, before the Americans moved on.
Finally, CCA drove into Dannenberg, again near the Elbe, and, after a brief fight, the
Germans surrendered.
The 5th Armored continued mopping-up activities in the 9th Army area until V-E Day, 8
May 1945. The 5th Armored returned to the United States that following October.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--O Casualties Total Battle Deaths-- 840
Distinguished Unit Citations---- Killed In Action-- 665
Distinguished Service Crosses-20 Wounded 2,842
Silver Stars 137 Missing '.1
Captured -22
Total Casualties----3,570



4 Aug 11 1 Sept 111111111111111111 18 2 Nov 11 1 Dec 11
6 Aug 1 2 Sept 111 3 Nov 1 2 Dec 1111111
8 Aug 111111 3 Sept 1 4 Nov 1 3 Dec 111
9 Aug 11 5 Sept 1 25 Nov 111111 4 Dec 11
10 Aug 1111111111111 13 6 Sept 111 26 Nov 1 5 Dec 111111111 9
11 Aug 1111 9 Sept 1 29 Nov 11111111111 11 6 Dec 1111111
12 Aug 11 10 Sept 11 30 Nov 1111111 1111 12 7 Dec 11111
13 Aug 111111 11 Sept 1 8 Dec 11
14 Aug 1 15 Sept 11111 11 Dec 11111111111111 14
16 Aug 111111111 9 16 Sept 1111111 12 Dec 111111111 9
17 Aug 11111 17 Sept 111111111 9 13 Dec 1
20 Aug 1111 18 Sept 1111 14 Dec 1111111111111111111 19
21 Aug 11111 19 Sept 1111111111111111111111111 25fapprox. 45Xmen 15 Dec 11111111 8
22 Aug 11111111111111 14 20 Sept 11111111111111111 17 16 Dec 1111
23 Aug 11 21 Sept 111111 17 Dec 11
24 Aug 1 22 Sept 1 18 Dec 1
26 Aug 1 25 Sept 1 19 Dec 1111
30 Aug 1 105 20 Dec 111111111 9
31 Aug 1111 21 Dec 111111
22 Dec 11
83 23 Dec 1
27 Dec 111



JANUARY 1945 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
4 Jan 1 5 Feb 1 1 Mar 1 2 Apr 11111 3 May 1
7 Jan 11111111111 11 7 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 3 Apr 1 30 May 1
30 Jan 11111 8 Feb 1 3 Mar 1111 4 Apr 1
7 12 Feb 1 4 Mar 1 8 Apr 1 2
15 Feb 1 9 Mar 1 9 Apr 1
18 Feb 1 15 Mar 11 10 Apr 1
25 Feb 1 19 Mar 1111 Apr 1
26 Feb 11 21 Mar 1 12 Ar1111111111 10
27 Feb 11 23 Mar 1 13 AJr 111111
11 26 Mar 1 14 A r 11
31 Mar 11 15 Apr 11
16 16 Apr 11
17 Apr 1
19 Apr 111111
20 Apr 1
21 Apr 1
22 Apr 1111
24 Apr 1
26 Apr 1
28 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 19 September 1944
bloodiest month -December 1944
2nd bloodiest day -14 December 1944
3rd bloodiest day 1 September 1944
Total battle deaths 840
437 are listed=52.0% KIA--665


Activated-15 February 1942
Returned To United States and Inactivated-18 September 1945
Battle Credits, World Wir"~f: Normandy Brittany Northern France
Days In Combat--272 Lorraine-Saar Ardennes Siegfried Line
Rhineland Central Europe
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Robert W. Grow May 1943-29 April 1945
Brig-Gen George W. Read, Jr. 30 April-31 May 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 6th Armored Division, after training in England, landed
on Utah Beach, Normandy, on 18 July 1944, and went into action on the Cotentin
Peninsula. After breaking through the German defenses at Avranches, the 6th
S Armored advanced west into Brittany, bypassing several towns, and leaving them
to the infantry or FFI, as it raced to Brest. After seeing action there in the
opening stages of the battle, the 6th was ordered to proceed to the southeast,
and the division cut a path through southern Brittany to the port of Lorient.
The Super 6th then headed east and, cutting across France, swept through
Orleans and Autun, linking-up with 7th Army elements at Dij6n.
The 6th Armored eventually swung north up into the province of Lorraine,
and, toward the end of September 1944, helped the 35th Infantry Division beat
back fierce attacks by the 15th Panzer Grenadier and 559th Volksgrenadier Div-
isions in the Foret de Gremecey.
After some heavy fighting in Lorraine during the first week of October 1944,
there was a lull in the action for the 6th Armored the rest of the month.
The 6th Armored then took part in the 3rd Army offensive which opened on 8
November 1944, despite the very wet, rainy weather which made extensive use of
armor very difficult. Although the Germans were temporarily caught by surprise,
they fought very skilfully and determinedly, and it was very rough going. The
6th battled deep mud, mines, and congestion, besides the Germans. Nevertheless,
the 6th succeeded in reaching the Nied River, at Sanry, and crossed it on 11-
12 November 1944, in a brilliant coups de main. The division reached Mader-
bach Creek, at Remering, with Combat Command B by 25 November, after fierce,
sustained fighting through mud, mines, and craters. CCA pushed through the
For&t de Puttlange, but fell back on the 26th, and CCB was unable to get tanks
through the mud along the Maderbach.
The 6th Armored was relieved on 2 December 1944, and patrolled to the Saare
River, 5 December. It took Sarreguemines with the 35th Infantry Division the
next day. The 6th then maintained defensive positions near Saarbricken, while
relieving the 80th Infantry Division on 7 December 1944. Since the opening of
this November offensive to the Saar, the 6th Armored had suffered losses in-

cluding some 250 men killed in action or died of wounds.
And then came the all-out German counteroffensive in the Ardennes, 16 Dec-
ember 1944. The 6th Armored, along with other divisions of the 3rd Army, att-
acked into the southern flank of the German penetration in severe winter cond-
itions-in fact, Europe's worst winter in 50 years. Soon, the 6th was fight-
ing in the vicinity of Bastogne, and for 5 days the division was slowly forced
back under the tremendous weight of the German assault. Then it held, and the
pendulum began to swing back the other way. Tank turrets froze, tank doors
wouldn't open, and rifle bolts got jammed up from the cold and would operate
only after being beaten with hand grenades or if the men urinated on them.
But the 6th hung in there. The Germans threw everything they had at the divi-
sion. Heavy artillery and rocket barrages crashed incessantly, with tank and
infantry forces charging behind them, and even bombers blasted at the 6th from
above. Several times the Germans infiltrated behind the lines, but each time
they were mopped-up or driven back. One of the Germans' main objectives, Hill
513, was well controlled by a unit of the 6th. Light tanks counterattacked
and killed or captured what was estimated to be an enemy infantry company from
the 340th Volksgrenadier.DAiision.
4 January 1945, was the 6th Armored's bloodiest day in combat of the entire
war, as the Battle of the Bulge continued in unabated fury.
On 6 January, the 6th again repulsed enemy tank-infantry attacks, killed
many enemy personnel, and destroyed much of his equipment. The weather cont-
inued to be bitter cold, making any sort of operation very trying.
On the 7th, another German attack, consisting of 700 infantry and 22 tanks,
was thrown back with heavy losses.
By 9 January 1945, the turning point in the Bulge battle had arrived. The
Germans had exhausted themselves with violent and repeated assaults on Bast-
ogne, and now it was the 6th Armored's turn to punch back. While the Germans
kept on resisting stubbornly, they were no longer able to stop the Super 6th,
and on 11 January 1945, near Bastogne, Belgium, the 6th Armored had a Medal of
Honor winner, Staff Sergeant Archer T. Gammon.
S/Sgt Gammon charged 30 yards through hip-deep snow to knock out a machine-
gun and its 3-man crew with grenades. He saved his platoon from being decim-
ated, allowing it to continue its advance from a field into a nearby woods.
Then a German machinegun, supported by riflemen, opened fire, and a Royal
Tiger Tank sent 88mm shells screaming at the unit. Sgt Gammon, disregarding
his personal safety, rushed forward in an attempt to get within grenade range
of the tank and its protecting infantry. He was subjected to intense enemy
fire but, nevertheless, charged a machinegun and wiped out its 4-man crew with
grenades. Then, with great daring, he advanced to within 25 yards of the tank
and shot two enemy riflemen as he went forward.
The big tank began to slowly withdraw, firing as it did, and one of its
shellbursts instantly killed the gallant sergeant. But his one-man attack
hadn't been in vain, for the tank kept on withdrawing, leaving open the way
for the advance of his platoon. S/Sgt Gammon's actions were in keeping with
the highest traditions of the U.S. military.
More bitter fighting occurred in the intense cold. After a brief period of
rest and maintenance, the 6th Armored resumed the offensive. Since the start
of the 3rd Corps attack on 21 January 1945, the 6th had driven steadily east
from Bastogne despite moderate to heavy resistance, deep snow, and rugged ter-
rain. Even though the Germans had begun a planned withdrawal, they continued
to offer exceedingly stubborn opposition at all advantageous defensive posit-
ions. Heavy small-arms, automatic weapons, tank, mortar, and artillery fire
were received, and elaborately placed mines were encountered at all critical
points along the roads, at bridges, and at ford sites. Strong fire fights
nearly always preceded further German pullbacks, but by 25 January 1945, the

6th Armored had obtained its objective on the high ridge between the Clerf and
Our Rivers.
In a regrouping of certain divisions, the 6th Armored was shifted further
south, and by 27 January 1945, it had relieved the 90th Infantry and part of
the 26th Infantry Divisions on a 12-mile front from Lieler to Uber-Eisenbach.
The 17th Airborne Division was on the right (south) flank, and the llth Arm-
ored Division to the north.
On 28 January 1945, the Battle of the Bulge was officially declared ended,
and by the end of the month the 6th had driven the Germans back across the Our
River into Germany. The Battle of the Bulge had cost the 6th Armored at least
400 men killed in action or died of wounds, many more wounded, and quite a num-
ber of men captured.
The 6th Armored attacked across the Our River at Kalborn and Dahnen on 7
February 1945. It relieved the 17th Airborne Division, 10-11 February, as the
Our bridgehead was maintained. The renewed offensive against the Siegfried
Line (West Wall) was commenced on 20 February 1945. Ober Eisenach fell on 22
February, and the final objective town of Muxerath was cleared on the 24th.
The 6th then moved tcEa'"ew zone west of the Prim River, and relieved the
90th Infantry Division on 25 February. CCA established a small bridgehead at
Manderscheid which was enlarged as CCB, after being initially forced back ac-
ross, took LUnebach on 28 February. The division reached the Nims and crossed
near Schbnecken, 3 March, and the next day assembled in reserve in the Arzfeld
Then, the 6th Armored was sent south to be loaned out to the 7th Army to
assist in breaking through the Siegfried Line in its area. Held back for ex-
ploitation, the 6th followed up in the wake of the 63rd Infantry Division. The
6th Armored was the first 7th Army unit to link-up with the 3rd Army in the
Palatinate, making contact with the 26th Infantry Division. The 6th reached
the Rhine at Worms, 21 March, was soon back under the 3rd Army, and set-up a
counter-reconnaissance screen along the west bank of the river.
On 25 March 1945, the 6th Armored crossed the Rhine at Oppenheim, and drove
on Frankfurt in conjunction with the 5th Infantry Division, running into fierce
After crossing the Main, the 6th advanced north-northeast, captured Bad Nau-
heim, and then, pivoting to the east, began advancing into central Germany.
The division crossed the Werra River against heavy opposition, including fight-
er-bomber attacks, and then took Muhlhausen, 4-5 April. After repulsing a fair-
ly light counterattack, the 6th advanced to help free some 3,000 inmates at the
notorious concentration camp at Buchenwald.
After this experience, continuing the advance to the east, and working with
the 76th Infantry Division, the 6th Armored met heavy panzerfaust, artillery,
and small-arms fire in the vicinity of Schkauditz. Despite this, a bridge was
captured intact, and tanks and infantry immediately pushed across.
Upon crossing the Saale River, the 6th raced on to the east and forced the
Mulde River during the night at Rochlitz, 15 April 1945, against stubborn oppo-
sition. The 6th then halted and waited for the Russians advancing from the
east. The division held defensive positions along the Mulde River until V-E
Day, 8 May 1945.
The 6th Armored was one of General Patton's ace armored divisions, returning
home in September 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--1 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-1,270
Distinguished Unit Citations--- Killed In Action----1,074
Distinguished Service Crosses-24 Wounded '-- ,250
Silver Stars 807 Missing -88
Captured 83
Total Casualties--5,495



30 July 11 1 Aug 1111111 7 Sept 1 1 Oct 11111111111111111111 20
31 July 11 2 Aug 11111111 8 8 Sept 11 7 Oct 11
4 3 Aug 111111 19 Sept 11 8 Oct 1111111111111 13
4 Aug 1 22 Sept 1111111111111 13 9 Oct 111111111111111111111 21
5 Aug 111111111111111 15 24 Sept 11 10 Oct 11111
6 Aug 111111111 9 25 Sept 111111111 9 11 Oct 1
8 Aug 111111111111111111111111111111 30 29 14 Oct 1
9 Aug 111111111111111111 18 15 Oct 1
10 Aug 11111
11 Aug 11
12 Aug 111111111111 12
13 Aug 11
15 Aug 1
16 Aug 1
20 Aug 1
22 Aug 11
23 Aug 1
24 Aug 111111
25 Aug 11111
27 Aug 11
30 Aug 1



3 Nov 1 1 Dec 11111 1 Jan 1111111
8 Nov 1 2 Dec 1 2 Jan 111111111111111111111111111 27
10 Nov 111111 4 Dec 111111 3 Jan 111111111 9
11 Nov 11111111111 11 5 Dec 11 4 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111111111 34
12 Nov 1111111111111111111111 22 6 Dec 1 5 Jan 111111 approx.
13 Nov 111111 7 Dec 1 6 Jan 111111 60)Ken
14 Nov 1111 11 Dec 1 7 Jan 111111
15 Nov 111111 12 Dec 1 8 Jan 11 1111111111111111 21
16 Nov 111111 13 Dec 1 9 Jan 11
19 Nov 1111111 15 Dec 1 11 Jan 111i
20 Nov 1111111 17 Dec 1 12 Jan 11
21 Nov 111 21 Dec 1 13 Jan 1111
22 Nov 1111111 22 Dec 1 14 Jan 111111111 9
23 Nov 11 31 Dec 111 15 Jan 11
24 Nov 1111 26 16 Jan 1111111111111 13
25 Nov 111111111 9 17 Jan 11
26 Nov 11111111111111 14 18 Jan 1
27 Nov 111 19 Jan 1
30 Nov 1 25 Jan 1111111111 10
26 Jan 1
120 27 Jan 11111




FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
7 Feb 1111 1 Mar 11 1 Apr 111111 2 May 1
8 Feb 11 2 Mar 1111 2 Apr 111111
9 Feb 111111 3 Mar 11 3 Apr 11
10 Feb 1 13 Mar 1 4 Apr 1
11 Feb 1 20 Mar 1 5 Apr 1
12 Feb 1 21 Mar 111 7 Apr 1111111
13 Feb 1 25 Mar 111 8 Apr 11111
14 Feb 1 26 Mar 1111111 9 Apr 1 't
15 Feb 11 27 Mar 1111111 12 Apr 1111111 8
16 Feb 1 28 Mar 1 13 Apr 1111111111 10
21 Feb 1111 30 Mar 11111 14 Apr 111
22 Feb 111111111 9 31 Mar 11 15 Apr 1
23 Feb 11111 16 Apr 1
24 Feb 1 22 Apr 1
26 Feb 1 24 Apr 1
27 Feb 11111111111111 14
28 Feb 111 54

*bloodiest day 4I January 1945
bloodiest month January 1945
2nd bloodiest day 8 August 1944
3rd bloodiest day 2 January 1945
Total battle deaths --1,270
700 are listed=55.1% KIA-1,074


Activated-- March 1942
Returned To United Stat*S=8 October 1945
Inactivated-9 October 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Northern France Southern Holland
Ardennes Rhineland Ruhr Pocket
Days In Combat--172 Northern Germany
Northern Germany
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Lindsay M. Silvester March 1942-November 1944
Maj-Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck November 1944-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 7th Armored Division, after extensive training in the
United States, sailed from New York harbor on D-Day, 6 June 1944, on the Queen
Mary, and arrived in Greenock, Scotland, on the 15th. After final preparat-
ions for combat in Tidworth, England, the 7th landed in Normandy, 10-14 Aug-
ust 1944.
The Lucky 7th went into action at the end of the battle in Normandy, mid-
August, with an attack on Chartres, which fell on 18 August 1944. From there,
the 7th blitzed across northern France, through Dreux and Melun, crossed the
Seine, pushed through Chiteau-Thierry, and took Verdun on 31 August. In this
action, so far, the 7th Armored had met moderate, to heavy, resistance.
The 7th Armored halted for refueling, and then drove on toward the Moselle,
near Dornot. Along with the 5th Infantry Division, it battered away at the
outer defenses of the fortress of Metz in bloody fighting.
The 7th crossed elements over the Moselle under heavy fire, 8 September
1944, but these troops had to be withdrawn three days later. Combat Command
A battled the German lines west of Metz in fierce fighting, while CCB cross-
ed into the Arnaville bridgehead, 12 September, despite deep mud. It attack-
ed the next day toward Mardigny, but was quickly halted by heavy fire from
Arry. CCR next attempted a breakout of the combined 5th Infantry Division-
90th Infantry Division-7th Armored Division bridgehead, but failed. The 7th
Armored then advanced slowly toward the Seille River, and elements managed to
get into Sillegny on 19 September, but were forced back out with very heavy
losses. CCA joined with CCB to reach the Seille and bypass Sillegny, but CCB
was forced back from the river on 20 September. An attack across the Seille
the following day was repulsed by intense enemy fire.
The 7th Armored then withdrew from Corny and Pournoy-la-Chetive on the 24th,
and was relieved the next day by the 5th Infantry Division. The 7th Armored's
bloody affair at Metz cost it some 250 men killed in action and many more wou-
nded. Following this battle, the 7th Armored was transferred up into south-

ern Holland.
On 30 September 1944, the 7th Armored endeavored to clear the Peel Swamp,
west of the Maas (Meuse) River. In some of the toughest fighting the divis-
ion saw, it attacked toward Overloon where the largest tank battle in Holland
took place.
On 8 October 1944, the 7th was attached to the British 2nd Army. Its miss-
ion was to join the British-Canadian drive to clear the northern and western
approaches to Antwerp. Spread out over a 22-mile front centered on the town
of Meijel, the 7th Armored was attacked on 27 October 1944, by the crack 9th
Panzer and 15th Panzer Grenadier Divisions in an attempt to disrupt the drive
on Antwerp. Outnumbered, the 7th, in furious fighting, held on for 3 days
until the British were able to bring up reinforcements. Throughout October
1944, the fighting in southern Holland cost the lives of over 300 men in the
7th Armored.
On 1 November 1944, Brigadier (later Major) General Robert W. Hasbrouck
took over command of the 7th Armored from Major-General Silvester.
On 7 November 1944, the 7th Armored was attached to the recently formed
U.S. 9th Army. While t46dfIvision, as an entity, rested during the remainder
of November, the 7th's artillery and the 17th and 40th Tank Battalions were
active. Fighting with the 84th and 102nd Infantry Divisions in the assault
to the Roer River, north of Aachen, they aided in the capture of the Siegfried
Line towns of Lindern and Linnich in difficult combat.
On 16 December 1944, the 7th Armored was assigned to the 8th Corps, U.S,
1st Army, and ordered to proceed to the Vielsalm-St. Vith area of the Ardennes
in eastern Belgium.
Within 12 hours after the first divisional troops had started the 50 miles
to St. Vith, the 7th Armored was engaged against a fanatical enemy in what was
suppose to be friendly territory. This was the beginning of the epic stand of
the 7th Armored Division at, and around, St. Vith, Belgium, in the Battle of
the Bulge.
Positioning the arriving troops piecemeal, General Hasbrouck and General
Bruce Clarke placed an "Iron Horseshoe" around the area of St. Vith. This
town, with its converging road net and railroads, was necessary to the Germans
for the success of their offensive. The 7th Armored, along with Combat Comm-
and B of the 9th Armored Division, the 424th Infantry Regiment, 106th Infantry
Division, the 112th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division, remnants of the
14th Cavalry Group, the 275th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, and other
small odds-and-ends units, in furious fighting, denied St. Vith to the Germans
for five crucial days. Against this force the Germans committed five SS or
Wehrmacht (Regular Army) panzer divisions, three volksgrenadier divisions, and
the Fuhrer Begleit (Escort) Brigade. It was one of the most heroic American
stands of the entire war, as the 7th Armored and these other units bought pre-
cious time with their blood--time for other U.S. units to get into position
to help stop the German onslaught. The Americans finally withdrew after 5
days aftef their position had become untenable by 23 December 1944. They suf-
fered very heavy losses in men and equipment, but inflicted tremendous losses
on the Germans, and seriously upset their timetable. The 7th Armored then
shifted to the town of Manhay, and by the end of December, had helped to drive
the enemy out of this town.
After a short rest in January 1945, the 7th returned to positions near
St. Vith, and recaptured the town in heavy fighting by the end of the month.
The entire fighting in the Battle of the Bulge for the 7th Armored cost the
division 270 men killed in action or died of wounds.
February 1945, was spent in rest and rehabilitation.
On 5 March 1945, the 7th attacked across the Cologne Plain to Bad Godes-
berg and, after maintaining defensive positions along the west bank of the

Rhine, south of Bonn, crossed the Rhine at Remagen, 23-25 March 1945.
The Lucky 7th then attacked out of the Remagen bridgehead as part of the
U.S. 3rd Corps. In a very skilled attack--one of the most rapid and vicious
advances by American armor ever executed, the 7th swung up toward the south-
ern side of the huge Ruhr Pocket. The Germans had rushed their 166th Infantry
Division down from Denmark in a futile attempt to stop the rampaging Americans,
and this division formed a strong defense line with the center of it running
through Kirchhain. It was during this action that the 7th Armored had one of
its two Medal of Honor winners of the war, Staff Sergeant Robert H. Dietz,
Company A, 38th Armored Infantry Battalion, Kirchhain, Germany, 29 March 1945.
S/Sgt Dietz was a squad leader in a task force which encountered heavy res-
istance in advancing on Kirchhain. Between the town's outlying buildings,
300 yards distant, and the stalled armored column were a minefield and two
bridges defended by German rocket-launcher teams and riflemen. From the town,
itself, came heavy small-arms fire.
Moving forward to protect the engineers who attempted to neutralize the
mines and the demolition charges attached to the bridges, Sgt Dietz came under
intense enemy fire. "-b
On his own initiative he advanced alone, until he was able to dispatch the
panzerfaust team defending the first bridge, He continued ahead and killed
another panzerfaust team, bayoneted another enemy soldier with a panzerfaust,
and shot two other Germans, when he was knocked to the ground by a blast from
still another panzerfaust. The sergeant quickly recovered, killed the man who
had fired at him, and then jumped into waist-deep water under the second bridge
to disconnect the demolition charges. He completed this task, but as he stood
to signal that the route was clear, he was killed by a burst of enemy fire from
his left flank.
Sgt Dietz had almost singlehandedly opened the road to Kirchhain, and left
his comrades in arms with an inspirational example of heroism against formid-
able odds.
The German 166th Division was decimated by the hard-hitting units of the
7th Armored, and the 7th then saw hard fighting as it fought up into the Ruhr
Pocket. CCB was heavily counterattacked at Gleidorf, as the Germans turned
flak guns against the advancing 7th. But the 7th Armored was not to be stop-
ped, and Frederburg was taken after heavy combat on 8 April. The division
slashed through to Hemer, cutting the pocket in two in co-operation with the
8th Armored Division which bore down from the north. On 16 April 1945, the
entire German 53rd Panzer Corps surrendered to the 7th. Into this bag, to
the satisfaction of the 7th Armored, were included the remnants of the 9th
Panzer Division which had fought the 7th in Holland, and the 116th Panzer Div-
ision which had been one of the 7th's opponents in the Battle of the Bulge.
Soon after this, all resistance in the Ruhr Pocket collapsed.
Following a rest in the vicinity of Gottingen, the 7th Armored was then
assigned to the U.S. 18th Airborne Corps. This was to cover the British 2nd
Army's right flank. The 7th Armored, 8th Infantry, and 82nd Airborne Divis-
ions were all ordered up into northern Germany in late-April 1945. The 7th
Armored actually crossed the wide Elbe River over into the province of Meck-
lenburg. Resistance was very limited or non-existent. CCB helped the 82nd
Airborne capture Ludwigslust. From there, the 87th Cavalry Reconnaissance
Squadron advanced east to meet the Russians. The Troop spent 24 hours within
the German lines, before the Russians were contacted at 0925 hours (9:25 A.M.)
on 3 May 1945.
On this same day, CCA and CCR drove north from the Elbe to reach the Baltic
Sea, the only American troops to reach this body of water. The two combat
commands took Dassow and Grevesmuhlen, while tanks washed their treads in the

shores of the Baltic at Rehna. German troops surrendered en masse, and by
V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 7th Armored Division's number of prisoners taken had
come to the grand total of 113,042, one of the highest of any American outfit
in the ETO.
The 7th Armored returned to the United States on 8 October 1945, and was in-
activated that following day. During the Korean War, the 7th Armored was reac-
tivated at Camp Roberts, California, 24 November 1950, and was again inactivated
on 15 November 1953.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-1,222
Distinguished Unit Citations--1 Killed In Action-- 994
Distinguished Service Crosses--8 Wounded '1,---003
Silver Stars 1,316 Missing ---165
Captured ---- 925
Total Casualties-- 6,087

* One to most of the entire division--St. Vith, Belgium

Other 7th Armored Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II:
Cpl Thomas J. Kelly, 48th Amd Inf Bn, 5 April 1945, Alemert, Germany



14 Aug 1111 1 Sept 1111111 1 Oct 1111111111 10
15 Aug 11111111 8 2 Sept 11 2 Oct 111111111 9
16 Aug 11111 4 Sept 1 3 Oct 11111
17 Aug 1111 6 Sept 111111111111111 15 4 Oct 1111111111 10
18 Aug 11111 7 Sept 1111111 5 Oct 11111111111111111111 20
19 Aug 111 8 Sept 1111111111111111 16 6 Oct 111
20 Aug 1 9 Sept 1111111 7 Oct 1111111
21 Aug 11 10 Sept 11111 11 Oct 1
22 Aug 1111111 11 Sept 1111111111 10 12 Oct
23 Aug 11111 12 Sept 1 13 Oct
24 Aug 111 13 Sept 11111 14 Oct 1
25 Aug 11111 14 Sept 11111111 8 15 Oct 1
26 Aug 11111 15 Sept 11111 16 Oct 111111
27 Aug 1111111 16 Sept 11111111111 11 17 Oct 11
28 Aug 1111111 17 Sept 1111111111111 13 18 Oct 1
29 Aug 1111 18 Sept 11111 19 Oct 1111111
31 Aug 1111111 19 Sept 111111111111111111111111 24 20 Oct 1
82 20 Sept 111111111111111 15 21 Oct 111111
21 Sept 111111111111 12 22 Oct 1111
22 Sept 1 23 Oct 111
23 Sept 1 24 Oct 111
24 Sept 111 25 Oct 1
26 Sept 111 27 Oct 1111111111111111 16
30 Sept 1111 28 Oct 11111111111111 14
181 29 Oct 11111111111111111111111111 26*
30 Oct 1111111 approx.
167 45*men



1 Nov 11 1 Dec 11 1 Jan 1 3 Mar 1
2 Nov 111 5 Dec 1 2 Jan 1 11 Mar 1
3 Nov 111111 6 Dec 11 11 Jan 1 12 Mar 111
4 Nov 11111111 8 8 Dec 1 16 Jan 1 13 Mar 11
5 Nov 11 17 Dec 1 20 Jan 11 14 Mar 1
6 Nov 11111 18 Dec 111111 21 Jan 1111111 26 Mar 1111111
7 Nov 111111 19 Dec 111 22 Jan 11111111 8 27 Mar 1111111111 10
9 Nov 1 20 Dec 111111 23 Jan 111 28 Mar 11111111 8
10 Nov 1 21 Dec 1111111111111111111 19 24 Jan 1111111 1t 29 Mar 11111111111111 14
20 Nov 1 22 Dec 111111111111111111111111 24 25 Jan 1111111111.1 13 30 Mar 11
23 Nov 11 23 Dec 1111111111111111111111 22 26 Jan 111 4
25 Nov 1 24 Dec 11111111 8 27 Jan 111 9
30 Nov 11 25 Dec 1 28 Jan 11
40 26 Dec 1
27 Dec I
29 Dec 1
30 Dec 1

3 wwII


APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
3 Apr 1 5 May 1
4 Apr 11111
5 Apr 1111
6 Apr 111111
7 Apr 1111
8 Apr 11111111111 11
9 Apr 1111
10 Apr 1111
11 Apr 1111 i
12 Apr 111
13 Apr 111
14 Apr 1111
15 Apr 11

bbloodiest day -- -29 October 1944
bloodiest month September 1944
2nd bloodiest day 19 September and 22 December 1944
3rd bloodiest day 23 December 1944
Total battle deaths -1,222
727 are listed=59.5% KIA-- 994

8TH ARMORED DIVISION "Thundering Herd"

Activated-- April 1942
Returned To United States-10 November 1945
Inactivated-14 November 1945.._
Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Rhineland North-Central Germany
Days In Combat-63
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John M. Devine October 1944-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 8th Armored Division, once known as the "Show Horse" Division, proved
it was a workhorse outfit in the relatively short time it was in combat. The 8th Armored
would have been in action much sooner had it not been so valuable as a training division.
Before it sailed overseas on 7 November 1944, the Thundering Herd had trained over 50,000
officers and men who were shipped to the Mediterranean and European theaters of operation to
fill gaps in 8 other armored divisions.
When our tank forces took the severe mauling at Kasserine Pass, in Tunisia, 4,000 trained
replacements of the 8th Armored were shipped directly to Tunisia, to help save the day, and
help eventually push the Germans and Italians out of North Africa.
After training at Tidworth, England, the 8th Armored landed in France on 5 January 1945,
and assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy. The 8th then moved to Pont-a-Mous-
son, for some additional training.
Part of the 8th Armored first saw combat two weeks later. Between 19-28 January 1945,
Combat Command A, supporting the 94th Infantry Division in the difficult fighting in the
Saar-Moselle Triangle of the Siegfried Line, helped force the crack German 11th Panzer Div-
ision out of the fortress towns of Nennig, Berg, and Sinz.
In February 1945, the 8th Armored was sent secretly up north to southern Holland, near
Roermond, to relieve the British 7th Armored Division, the famous "Desert Rats" of North
Africa fame.
On 19 February 1945, the 8th Armored launched a diversionary attack, pushing the Germans
north of the Heide Woods, and east of the Roer River.
Then, on 27 February 1945, the 8th began its attack across the Roer, joining in the U.S.
9th Army offensive to the Rhine. The 8th Armored crossed the Roer at Hilfarthe, 27 February,
and attacked toward Wegberg with CCA. Meeting heavy resistance all the way, CCA overran
Tetelrath, as CCB and CCR crossed the Roer the next day, overcoming crossfire from panzer-
fausts, mortars, burp guns, antitank weapons, and small-arms fire.
The 8th Armored sped northward as CCA took Wachtendonk, on 2 March 1945. The following
day CCB captured Aldekerk, while CCR crossed the Niers River, at Mihlhausen. The 8th was
then temporarily withdrawn from the battle, except for CCB which assisted the 35th Infantry
Division in the drive on Oberkruchten and Lintfort. These two towns were taken by 4 March
1945, and Rheinberg on the following day in hard fighting. In fact, 5 March 1945, was the
8th Armored's bloodiest day in combat. 65 men were killed on this day.
CCB then fought for Ossenberg, 7-9 March 1945.

The 8th Armored Division then received a period of rest and maintenance from 10-25
March 1945.
The 8th Armored crossed the Rhine on 26 March 1945, and attacked Dorsten, above the nor-
thern edge of the Ruhr, overcoming fierce resistance by the 116th Panzer Division. This
town fell on 29 March.
Continuing eastward against scattered opposition, the 8th crossed the Lippe River, and
entered the Battle of the Ruhr Pocket on 3 April 1945. CCA advanced up the Paderborn-Soest
Highway, while CCR approached Elsen. On the next day the 8th Armored reached the Mohne Ri-
ver and cleared Overhagen and Erwitte. The division next took Ost Oennen, 6 April, and
cleared the area around Soest in bitter combat. It next overran Werl, 8 April, and captur-
ed Unna, near the city of Dortmund, after heavy fighting on 11 April 1945. The 8th Armor-
ed, coming down from the north, had cut the Ruhr Pocket in two, in conjunction with the
7th Armored Division which bored in from the south. Thousands of Germans were captured.
The 8th then mopped-up.
While the fighting was still going on in the Ruhr Pocket, the 8th Armored was relieved
by the 95th Infantry Division on 13 April 1945.
Soon after, the 8th was sent racing 100 miles across north-central Germany to the town
of WolfenbUttel, where it mopped-up scattered resistance. After clearing opposition in a
woods south of Derenburg, the- -t moved somewhat to the south to help clear the Germans out
of the Harz Mountains, a large, forested region with some very high hills.
The 8th Armored massed around Blankenburg, at the eastern edge of the Harz, on 20 April
1945. Following a heavy air and artillery assault, a tank-infantry attack was made, and,
against light resistance, Blankenburg was taken before dark, as well as Michaelstein and
Cattenstedt. This was the 8th Armored's last combat of the war.
On 23 April 1945, the 8th went on occupational duty in the Harz Mountains region. After
V-E Day, 8 May 1945, it was moved into northern Czechoslovakia. The 8th Armored returned
to the United States in November 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--355
Distinguished Unit Citations--0 Killed In Action----299
Distinguished Service Crosses--0 Wounded -1,375
Silver Stars 143 Missing- 5
Captured il-
Total Casualties---1,720


8TH ARMORED DIVISION "Thundering Herd"

22 Jan 111111111 9 1 Feb 1 1 Mar 11 1 Apr 1
24 Jan 11 23 Feb 11 4 Mar 11 2 Apr 111
25 Jan 111 26 Feb 111 5 Mar 1111111111111111111111111111111111 36* 3 Apr 11
26 Jan 1 27 Feb 11111111111111 14 6 Mar 1111111 approx. 4 Apr 11111111 8
27 Jan 11 28 Feb 11111 7 Mar 1 65fmen 5 Apr 111
28 Jan 1 8 Mar 111111 6 Apr 111111
25 9 Mar 1 7 Apr 111111
18 28 Mar 11111111111111 14 8 Apr 11111
29 Mar 1111111111111 13 9 Apr 111
30 Mar 11111 10 Apr 111
31 Mar 1111 11 Apr 111111111 9
12 Apr 11
1 13 Apr 1
17 Apr 11
18 Apr 1
21 Apr 11
25 Apr 1
26 Apr 1

MAY 1945
6 May 1
10 May 1

*bloodiest day 5 March 1945
bloodiest month March 1945
2nd bloodiest day 27 February and 28 March 1945
3rd bloodiest day 29 March 1945
Total battle deaths -355
195 are listed=54.9% KIA-299


Activated-15 July 1942

Returned To United States-10 October 1945

Inactivated-13 October 1945---

Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Ardennes Rhineland Central Europe

Days In Combat-91

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John W. Leonard October 1942--Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 9th Armored Division landed in Normandy in September 1944, and
first went into the line on 23 October 1944, on patrol duty in a quiet, sector along the
Luxembourg-German border.
The 9th Armored was one of several divisions placed under the 8th Corps, U.S. 1st Army,
and this was where the Germans struck their heaviest blow in their all-out counteroffensive
in the Ardennes on 16 December 1944.
The 9th Armored, with no real combat experience, was the most powerful unit present to
oppose the German onslaught. In its first major battle, the 9th's 3 combat commands were
forced to fight separately. Sheer guts saved the 9th Armored in this huge, confusing bat-
tle. Combat Command B made a 6-day stand at St. Vith (along with several other American
units) against numerically superior forces. It struck an advancing German unit with such
power that it succeeded in pushing it back across the Our River. Without flank protection
CCB was forced to eventually pull back.
German forces again surged forth in an effort to destroy the combat command. In addit-
ion to elements of the 1st SS Panzer and 62nd Volksgrenadier Divisions, other German units
included the 18th Volksgrenadier and part of the 116th Panzer Divisions. Despite ammunit-
ion and food shortages, lack of air support, and the constant threat of being completely
cut-off, CCB kept on smashing the relentless enemy attacks. After 6 days, the command with-
drew back through an escape route opened up by the 82nd Airborne Division.
Meanwhile, CCA fought for 10 days near Echternach, Luxembourg, at the southern end of the
German assault, and then, after an all-night march without rest, launched its part in the op-
eration that resulted in the breaking of the German siege of Bastogne.
CCR received a Distinguished Unit Citation for its part in the epic stand at Bastogne.
It stood up against the German juggernaut and delayed it for 36 hours, giving the 101st Air-
borne Division precious time to dig-in to defend this vital town. It was during all this
fighting that the 9th Armored had a Medal of Honor winner, Corporal Horace M. Thorne, Troop
D, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, near Grufflingen, Belgium, on 21 December 1944.
He was the leader of a combat patrol, with the mission of driving German forces from dug-
in positions in a heavily wooded area. As he advanced with a light machinegun, a German
Mark III tank emerged from the woods and was quickly immobilized by fire from American light
tanks supporting the patrol. Two of the enemy tankmen were shot by Corporal Thorne before

they could jump to the ground. To complete the destruction of the tank and its crew, Cpl
Thorne crept forward alone through intense enemy machinegun fire until close enough to toss
two grenades into the tank's open turret, killing two more Germans.
He then seized a machinegun and set it up on the vehicle's rear deck. He fired short,
rapid bursts into the German positions from his advantageous, but exposed position, and
killed or wounded 8 of them. Two enemy machinegun crews left their positions and retreated
in confusion. The corporal's gun then jammed, but rather than leave his post, he attempted
to clear the stoppage, and enemy small-arms fire, concentrating on the tank, killed him
Cpl Thorne's heroic initiative and self-sacrifice inflicted considerable casualties on
the Germans and insured the success of his patrol's mission.
The 9th Armored received a rest during much of January 1945, as the huge, bloody Battle
of the Bulge drew to a close.
In February 1945, the Phantom Division got ready for an attack across the Roer River.
It jumped-off on 28 February, as part of the U.S. 1st Army's drive to the Rhine, and the
9th couldn't be stopped. The division slashed across the Roer to Rheinbach, and then elec-
trified the entire Allied world with its capture, intact, of the Ludendorff Railroad Bridge
at Remagen.
On 7 March 1945, the Phanlitms, striking with lightning speed and scorning all risks,
moved swiftly. A platoon of new Pershing tanks with 90mm guns, which could handle anything
the Germans had, was assembled. In the town of Remagen, tanks and GIs moved hastily again-
st spotty resistance, mostly from snipers. One prisoner said that the bridge was to be
blown at 1600 hours (4 P.M.). The 9th Armored had 45 minutes to capture the bridge intact.
Its men raced across the bridge under fire and established a bridgehead across the Rhine be-
fore the German engineers could blow the bridge. One 500 pound charge of TNT, very fortunat-
ely for the Americans, failed to explode. Luck was with the Allies.
Needless to say, Generals Eisenhower, Bradley, and just about everyone else on the Allied
side were elated when they heard the news. Four U.S. divisions were quickly moved into the
area to exploit the bridgehead--the 1st, 9th, 78th, and 99th Infantry. There was vicious
fighting for about a week in the bridgehead, but the Americans were not to be denied this
golden opportunity. As well as the war in Europe being, no doubt, considerably shortened,
military authorities have also estimated that this heroic action by the 9th Armored Division
saved at least a minimum of 5,000 American lives.
Exploiting the bridgehead, the 9th Armored advanced southeast across the Lahn River to
Limburg, where it liberated thousands of Allied POWs.
The 9th drove on toward Frankfurt, and then turned north to assist in the closing of the
Ruhr Pocket.
The 9th Armored then drove eastward through central Germany. A bridge was captured int-
act over the Saale River near Naumburg. Further east, rugged fighting developed through the
thick defense belt around Leipzig. The Germans used hundreds of ground-mounted antiaircraft
guns, 500 of which were either knocked out or found abandoned by the 9th Armored. CCA cap-
tured a radio-radar station at Audgast, reputed to be the most powerful in Germany, as well
as seizing an airfield at Polenz containing 250 planes.
The 2nd and 69th Infantry Divisions then completed the taking of Leipzig, Germany's 5th
largest city, after the 9th Armored had completely encircled the city. Some of the 9th's
tanks assisted the 69th in the fighting inside the city.
Then, in the final American offensive of the war in Europe, the 9th Armored was put under
General Patton's 3rd Army. The 9th Armored attacked into northwestern Czechoslovakia in the
vicinity of Karlovy Vary before V-E Day finally came on 8 May 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--- Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--74l
Distinguished Unit Citations--ll Killed In Action----607
Distinguished Service Crosses--1 Wounded 2,350
Silver Stars 191 Missing 87
Captured 908
* One each to Combat Commands B and R-- Total Casualties-- 3,952;
St. Vith and Bastogne, respectively



2 Nov 1 1 Jan 11111111111 11 1 Mar 11111111111111111111111 23 1 Apr 111
5 Nov 1 2 Jan 1 2 Mar 11111111111 11 2 Apr 1
7 Nov 1 3 Jan 1 3 Mar 1111 4 Apr 11
10 Nov 1 4 Jan 1 4 Mar 111111111111111111 18 5 Apr 1
5 Jan 1 5 Mar 11111111 8 9 Apr 11
S24 Jan 1 6 Mar 11 10 Apr 11111
7 Mar 1111 11 Apr 111
DECEMBER 1944 8 Mar 11111 12 Apr 111
6 e 1 9 Mar 111111 13 Apr 11111111111 11
6 Dec 1 FEBRUARY 1945 10 Mar 1111 14 Apr 11111
16 Dec 111 11 Mar 111 15 Apr 11111111 8
17 Dec 1111111111111111111111111 25* 14 Feb 1 1 Mar 1 1 Apr 111
18 Dec 11111111111111111111 approx. 25 Feb 1 1 Mar 11111111 8 18 Apr 1111
19 Dec 1111111111111 13 20 55*men 28 Feb 1111 14 Mar 111111111 14 22 Apr 11
20 Dec 1111111 6 16 Mar 11111111111111111 17 28 Apr 1
21 Dec 1111111111 116 17 Mar 11111111111111111 17 28 Apr 1
22 Dec 1111111111 10 18 Mar 11 53
23 Dec 11 21 Mar 1
24 Dec 1111111111 10 22 Mar 11111111 8 MAY 1945
25 Dec 1 25 Mar 1111 6 May 1
26 Dec 1111111 26 Mar 11ay 1
27 Dec 111 27 Mar 1111111111111 13 1
28 Dec 11111 28 Mar 1
29 Dec 111111111 9 30 Mar 111111111 9
30 Dec 11111111 8 31 Mar 111
31 Dec 1

*bloodiest day 17 December 1944
bloodiest month March 1945
2nd bloodiest day 1 March 1945
3rd bloodiest day 18 December 1944
Total battle deaths 741
395 are listed=53.3% KIA-607


Activated-15 July 1942

Returned To United States and Inactivated-13 October 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Lorraine Siegfried Line Ardennes Saar
Rhineland Central Europe

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen William H. Morris, Jr. July 1944-May 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 10th Armored Division was activated at Ft. Benning, Georgia, on
15 July 1942, and, after extensive training, landed at Cherbourg, France, on 23 September
1944. The 10th Armored was the first U.S. armored division to land on French soil directly
from America. It put in another month of training at Teurtheville, France, before entering
combat near Mars La Tour, on 2 November 1944, as part of the 20th Corps, U.S. 3rd Army. The
10th Armored was soon dubbed the "Ghost Division" by the Germans.
In its initiation to combat, while the 5th and 95th Infantry Divisions made a direct att-
ack on the fortress city of Metz, the 10th Armored encircled the ancient city to seal off
the enemy's escape routes and to prevent reinforcements from breaking through.
On 15 November 1944, the entire 10th Armored was assembled near Kerling, northern Lorr-
aine, and soon pressed forward. In a devastating attack it crashed against the defenses of
the German 416th Infantry and part of the 25th Panzer Grenadier Divisions. By 19 November,
the Germans had been forced back to the Siegfried Line area as the 10th Armored advanced to
the vicinity of Merzig. Elements of the division were the first 3rd Army soldiers to set
foot on German soil. The 25th Panzer Grenadier counterattacked and fierce fighting ensued,
but the Germans were beaten back with heavy losses. The following several days were spent
in locating enemy positions in patrolling actions.
Advancing into the so-called Saar-Moselle Triangle (or Orscholz Barrier), the Tigers met
intensive resistance at Nennig, and were temporarily forced to withdraw under a protective
artillery barrage. The town of Tettingen was also bitterly contested. By 2 December, the
last resistance in the Merzig sector was ended with the capture of Driesbach. The 10th was
preparing for a 3rd Army assault to the Rhine, when the Germans opened their massive count-
eroffensive in the Ardennes on 16 December 1944.
The 10th Azrmored was ordered northward and held defensive positions at Noville and Bras,
Belgium, in bitter, confused fighting, suffering heavy casualties and, in turn, inflicting
even worse losses on the Germans. Combat Command B was forced back to the vicinity of Bast-
ogne. Here, it helped the 101st Airborne Division in an epic stand against almost overwhel-
ming German forces and repeated assaults. At one time, there were no less than 9 German div-
isions somewhere around Bastogne. But they just couldn't break the Americans' heroic stand,
and suffered appalling losses in their efforts. Along with the entire 101st Airborne, CCB
of the 10th Armored received the Distinguished Unit Citation for this monumental feat of arms.
After resting for a short time in January 1945, the 10th Armored moved back south, and
again into the Saar area. In conjunction with the 94th Infantry Division and 5th Ranger
Battalion, the 10th cleared much of the Saar-Moselle Triangle in the most bitter type of com-
bat. Nevertheless, the speed in which the 10th advanced against some of the most heavily

fortified positions on the Western Front was really remarkable. Highly important was a
successful operation in which the Tigers and their vehicles were brought together east of
the Saar River, after having crossed separately at Ayl and Ockfen on 25 February. The 10th
Armored denied the Germans a stable, continuous line of defense, and made it possible to
launch a successful attack on Trier (population 77,000). The key city was finally taken
in early-March 1945, after violent fighting in which the 10th lost numerous tanks to heavy
anti-tank fire. By early-March, after capturing Trier, the Tigers had taken a total of
some 10,000 POWs in the Triangle, 4,500 at Trier, alone. This entire operation earned the
highest praise from General Patton.
Then, beginning 13 March 1945, as part of a massive 3rd Army assault into the Palatinate,
the 10th Armored smashed through the city of Kaiserslautern, advanced to the Rhine near
Landau against a routed and confused enemy, and crossed that fabled river on 28 March, near
Mannheim. At Schwetzingen the Tigers ran into resistance by the German 198th Infantry Div-
ision. But then, in conjunction with the 63rd Infantry Division, the 10th Armored took the
famous university city of Heidelberg against hardly any resistance. Indeed, a good share
of the populace, sick of the war, turned out to throw flowers at the Americans!
However, further east, all three divisions of the U.S. 6th Corps, 7th Army--the 10th
Armored and the 63rd and 100th Infantry Divisions-ran into furious fighting in the Neckar
River Valley. _..
After forcing the Neckaf and then Kocher Rivers, again working with the 63rd Division,
the 10th Armored was halted in a thrust toward Crailsheim by furious German opposition in-
cluding counterattacks and air strikes. The battle soon developed into a major affair as
the Germans continued to battle tenaciously. They even threw in their newest weapon, the
ME 262. Heavily armed and able to fly at blinding speed, this jet undoubtedly would have
made a considerable difference in the course of the war, had the Germans begun producing
them much sooner than they did,
On the night of 10 April, the Germans made a rugged attack with 600 troops from the 6th
SS Mountain Division. Penetrating the main line of resistance, these Austrians fought a
pitched battle with the Americans in the streets of Crailsheim. The enemy managed to occ-
upy some buildings, but these were soon burned and blasted out and this situation restored.
Shortly after this, on the llth, another force of some 600 Germans supported by self-
propelled guns attacked Ilshofen from the northwest. This attack was also foiled.
The 10th Armored, however, soon realized that there were just too many Germans in this
area with rockets and heavy air support, and with the tankers being subjected to numerous
strafing attacks. And so, after capturing 2,000 prisoners in the Crailsheim battle, Gener-
al Morris directed the 10th to shift back to the northwest and capture Ohringen, thus rel-
ieving pressure on the 100th Infantry Division which was battling in Heilbronn, to the west
and back on the Neckar River. The 10th had to fight German soldiers and civilians alike
who resisted with panzerfausts, burp guns, and grenades. What a strange, tragic land--
this Germany under Nazism. In one town the people would throw flowers at the GIs and wave
white flags out of their windows, and in another town fight like demons:
The Tiger Division then advanced almost straight south, moving east of the Neckar and
through Wirttemberg via Bubenorbis, Gaildorf, and Schwibisch Gmiind, crossing the Rems River
and reaching Kirchheim. The 10th then continued on to the Danube where it crossed at Ehin-
gen, 23-25 April 1945.
Advancing into southern Bavaria, the 10th Armored was greeted at Memmingen by about 5,000
gleeful, howling Allied POWs. Among others, there were British, French, Belgians, Russians,
and Yugoslavs.
At Riedhausen, elements of the 10th met stiff resistance and were temporarily stopped.

But not for long. The tankers and infantrymen soon surged forward 23 miles to take Ober-
ammergau, scene of the world-famous Passion Play. Not pausing, the GIs pushed on to with-
in 5 miles of Garmisch-Partenkirchen where they were halted by a huge crater. At the same
time, further west, other elements entered beautiful Neuschwanstein Castle near Fissen,
where the Germans had confiscated millions of dollars worth of artistic loot that they had
stripped from all over Europe.
This phase of the action provided one of the most dramatic episodes in the 10th Armored's
distinguished combat record. For the 10th contributed in no small measure to shattering
any hope of remaining die-hard Nazis for a last ditch stand in the western part of the

National Redoubt. The vital Echlesbacher Bridge, connecting the lowlands of southern Bav-
aria with the German Alpine country, was seized intact. This involved a daring night raid
in which German guards on either end of the span were overpowered before they could blow
it up.
As the 10th Armored entered the Alps, the main danger was from Germans with panzerfausts
on the higher ground overlooking the roads. As the 10th entered the Austrian border, en-
trenched German infantry attempted to bar the way but were quickly brushed aside.
On 30 April, the 10th Armored bagged 2,500 prisoners and in just 5 days had negotiated
some 100 miles of difficult terrain. On this day, also, part of the 10th pushed to within
35 miles of the Italian frontier, toward Innsbruck, when it was stopped by road craters.
But the men of the 10th Armored figured that Garmisch was a pretty nice place to end the
war, anyway.
This final drive below the Danube into southern Bavaria and the Austrian Tyrol was char-
acterized by the Tigers meeting mostly sporadic to moderate resistance. It was also mark-
ed by sleepless days and nights, sizzling speed, strained nerves, rain, snow, mud, and cold.
But at last the ordeal was over. Among other feats of arms, the 10th Armored had captured
56,000 prisoners and 650 cities and towns. After extensive occupational duty in southern
Bavaria, the 10th Armored returned home in October 1945, and was inactivated.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--- Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-9-5
Distinguished Unit Citations----5 Killed In Action-- -790
Distinguished Service Crosses-19 Wounded --4,003
Silver Stars i412 Missing -64
Captured -216
Total Casualties-- 5,073

* One to Combat Command B--Defense Of Bastogne



20 Oct 1 5 Aov 1 5 Dec 1 2 Jan 1
30 Oct 1 11 Nov 1 6 Dec 1 3 Jan 1
14 Nov 1 8 Dec 1 5 Jan 1
15 Nov 1 18 Dec 111111111 9 9 Jan 1
16 Nov 1111111 19 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111 29* 12 Jan 1
17 Nov 111111111 9 20 Dec 11111111111111 14 approx. 13 Jan 1
18 Nov 11111111111111111111 20 21 Dec 111111 55Xmen 16 Jan 111
19 Nov 111111111 9 22 Dec 1111111 1 18 Jan 11
20 Nov 1111111111 10 23 Dec 111111 22 Jan 1
21 Nov 1111111 24 Dec 11111111111 11 23 Jan 1
22 Nov 11111111 8 25 Dec 11 28 Jan 1
23 Nov 11111 27 Dec 1 14
24 Nov 1111 30 Dec 11
25 Nov 11 31 Dec 11
26 Nov 111111111 9 92
27 Nov 1111111
28 Nov 11
29 Nov 1
30 Nov 111111



FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
20 Feb 111111 1 Mar 111111111111111111111 21 1 Apr 1111111111 10 5 May 1
22 Feb 1111 2 Mar 11 2 Apr 1111111111111 13
23 Feb 11 3 Mar 1 3 Apr 111
24 Feb 11111 4 Mar 1111 4 Apr 1
25 Feb 111111111111 12 5 Mar 1111111 5 Apr 1111111111 10
26 Feb 11111111 8 6 Mar 11111111111 11 6 Apr 111
27 Feb 111111111 9 8 Mar 1111111111111 13 7 Apr 1111
28 Feb 111 9 Mar 1111111 8 Apr J1111
11 Mar 11 9 Apr 11111
49 12 Mar 1 10 Apr 11111111 8
16 Mar 1111111 11 Apr 1
18 Mar 111111111 9 12 Apr 1111
19 Mar 111 14 Apr 11
20 Mar 11 15 Apr 1
21 Mar 111111111111111111 18 16 Apr 111
22 Mar 1111111 17 Apr 11
23 Mar 111111111 9 18 Apr 11
24 Mar 1 19 Apr 1
26 Mar 1 20 Apr 1111
30 Mar 1 21 Apr 11111
31 Mar 11111111111 11 22 Apr 111
24 Apr 1
138 26 Apr 1
27 Apr 1
28 Apr 1
29 Apr 111
30 Apr 1
*bloodiest day -19 December 1944
bloodiest month March 1945
2nd bloodiest day 1 March 1945
3rd bloodiest day- 18 November 1944
Total battle deaths 945
506 are listed=52.4% KIA-790

11TH ARMED DIVISION "Thunderbolts"

Activated-15 August 1942

Inactivated-31 August 1945 in Europe

Battle Credits, World War IIT~Ardennes Rhineland Central Europe

Days In Combat-96

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Brig-Gen Charles S. Kilburn March 1944--March 1945
Maj-Gen Holmes E. Dager March 1945--Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 11th Armored Division arrived in England on 12 November 1944, and
trained for one month on the Salisbury Plain.
The llth Armored landed in Normandy in mid-December 1944, assigned to contain the Ger-
mans holding out in the Brittany port of Lorient. However, the German counteroffensive in
the Ardennes resulted in a forced march to the Meuse River, and the defense of a 30-mile
sector from Givet to Sedan, beginning 23 December 1944.
Under the 3rd Army, the llth Armored and 87th Infantry Divisions launched an attack from
the Neufch*teau area in southeastern Belgium on 30 December. This attack ran into the right
flank of a renewed German assault on Bastogne, and the fighting was heavy and furious, amid
appalling winter conditions--the worst winter in Europe in half-a-century. The Germans
then decided to stabilize, establishing well-chosen positions from which they lashed out
repeatedly with tank-infantry counterattacks. The Germans were supported by 75mm artillery,
heavy mortar, and rocket fire.
On New Year's Day, 1945, an attack was launched on Chenogne which fell by noon that day,
CCA then attacked in the heavily defended Hubermont-Millomont-Rechimont areas. The leading
tank force made some progress, but was soon slowed down by a heavy German armored-infantry
counterattack. However, air support, artillery, and tank fire stopped this attack with huge
losses to the Germans.
In the most bitter combat, the 1lth Armored slugged northward through Morhet. In 5 free-
zing days, the Thunderbolts had tackled two crack German divisions, punched them back sever-
al miles, cleared 30 square miles of rugged terrain, and liberated a dozen towns. The llth
suffered very heavy casualties, but so did the Germans, as the latter were slowly forced
back to the north. Bertogne, Compogne, and Wycort were captured, and then, on 16 January,
the Thunderbolts linked-up with elements of the U.S. 1st Army at Houffalize. On the 18th,
the 11th Armored was relieved by the 17th Airborne Division. Few outfits have ever received
a bloodier initiation to combat amid even worse weather conditions, and the llth Armored
Division was now a battle-proven, combat hardened outfit.
Resuming the attack in early-February 1945, the llth pushed into the austere Eifel, tak-
ing a number of smaller towns by 20 February.
After a brief rest, the llth Armored crossed the Priim and Kyll Rivers, and took the towns
of Gerolstein and Nieder Bettingen against violent opposition by elements of the 5th Parach-

ute and 340th Volksgrenadier Divisions. In the sweep to the Rhine, Andernach and Brbhl
fell by 9 March. By 17 March, the llth had crossed the Moselle at Bullay and entered the
Palatinate. On 19 March 1945, the llth Armored had a Medal of Honor winner, Staff Sergeant
Herbert H. Burr, Company C, 41st Tank Battalion, near Dorrmoschel, Germany.
Sgt. Burr displayed conspicuous gallantry when the tank in which he was a bow gunner was
hit by an enemy rocket. The rest of the crew abandoned the tank, but Sgt. Burr immediately
climbed into the driver's seat. As he rounded a turn he encountered an 88mm antitank gun
and its crew at point-blank range. Heroically disregarding his own safety, he made straight
for this gun and drove his tank over it, completely demolishing it and causing the crew to
flee in confusion.
He then skillfully sideswiped a German truck, overturned it, and then returned to his
company with the tank. He then ran through a hail of sniper fire to direct medical person-
nel to a stricken comrade. Sgt. Burr survived to later receive his award.
The airport at Worms was captured on 21 March, and then, after rest and maintenance,
the llth Armored drove across the Rhine at Oppenheim. Heading northeast, the division ran
into tough resistance near Hanau, including some very heavy German armored elements. After
overcoming this, the llth helped take the sizeable town of Fulda, and, after crossing the
Werra River, advanced into the southern part of the Thiiringen Forest in central Germany,
reaching Oberhof, Zella-Mehtia w-,and Suhl on 3 April. Suhl fell in house-to-house combat.
Swinging in an arc to the southeast, the Thunderbolts took Coburg and Kulmbach, and then
Bayreuth against scattered sniper resistance, 14 April. Further south, the llth Armored
ran into considerable mortar fire before overrunning the town of Grafenwbhr and its nearby
armored training area. 20 April was spent clearing and consolidating in this area.
Then, continuing the advance, the llth attacked generally southeast in a corridor bet-
ween the Danube and the Czech border, generally following along the north side of the Dan-
ube. The division, after capturing a number of other small towns, reached Cham, not far
from the Czech border. This town is about 30 miles northeast of Regensburg, and 1,200
feet high in the Bohemian Forest. Large numbers of Hungarian troops who were still allied
to the Germans surrendered in this region.
In the final all-out drive, the llth Armored overran Grafenau and Freyung, and also sei-
zed Neufelden and Zwettl. Though on the run, elements of the 2nd SS Panzer "Das Reich" and
other German units were in the llth's zone of advance. The Germans put up their last fan-
atical resistance along the approaches to the city of Linz, Austria, but the Thunderbolts
blasted away at them until the city finally fell on 5 May 1945.
Soon after, the llth Armored liberated the concentration camps at Mauthausen and Gusen.
At Mauthausen there were about 20,000 slave-laborers of 16 different nationalities. These
filthy camps, emanating wretched human misery and the stench of death, were thrown open to
the cleansing air. The dead littering the grounds were buried and the other emacipated in-
mates who had miraculously escaped the slaughter were given medical care, food, and cloth-
ing. Nurses of the 66th Field Hospital, working with CCB, tended these half-dead creatures
too weak and helpless to move out of their own excrement. What joy this triumphant fighting
outfit had felt rapidly turned to violent hatred at this sight of attempted mass obliter-
ation. Despite all, however, the task of cleaning up the camp and caring for the inmates
was completed with customary division thoroughness. Some 1,000 German prison guards were
rounded up and taken back to Gallneukirchen as prisoners.
Elements of the llth then pushed south and east, and the Russian 7th Parachute Guards
Division was contacted at Amstetten on V-E Day, 8 May 1945. The llth then assembled at
Freudenthal. The Thunderbolts had taken a grand total of 76,229 prisoners.
The 11th Armored was then placed on occupational duty in the Oberdonau area until inact-
ivated on 31 August 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--1 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-626
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 0 Killed In Action---523
Distinguished Service Crosses--3 Wounded --- 2,394
Silver Stars 227 Missing 11
Captured 10-
Total Casualties-- 2,968



DECEMBER 1944 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
30 Dec 11111111111111111 17 1 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 1 Apr 111 1 May 1111
31 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111111 32* 6 Feb 11 3 Mar 11 2 Apr 111 4 May 1111
4 approx. 8 Feb 1 4 Mar 111111 3 Apr 111111111 9 6 May 111
9 60men 9 Feb 1 5 Mar 111 4 Apr 111
10 Feb 11111 6 Mar 1111111111111 13 5 Apr 11 1
JANUARY 1945 12 Feb 1 7 Mar 1111 7 Apr 111
1 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111 28 16 Feb 11 8 Mar 111 8 Apr 1
1111111111111 19 Feb 1 9 Mar 11 i 9 Apr 1
4 Jan 1111111 120 Feb 1111 10 Mar 111 12 Apr 1
5 Jan 11111 22 Feb 11 11 Mar 111 14 Apr 1
6 Jan 1 20 12 Mar 1 18 Apr 1
7 Jan 1 14 Mar 1 23 Apr 11
13 Jan 111111111111 12 17 Mar 1 24 Apr 11
14 Jan 1111111111111111111111112111 31 18 Mar 1111111111111 13 25 Apr 111
15 Jan 111111111111 12 19 Mar 111 26 Apr 111
16 Jan 111111 20 Mar 11111 28 Apr 11
17 Jan. 11 23 Mar 1 29 Apr 1
18 Jan 1 24 Mar 1 30 Apr 11111
19 Jan 1 25 Mar 1 46
22 Jan 1 28Mar 1
29 Mar 1111111111 10
115 30 Mar 11111
31 Mar 11111

*bloodiest day 31 December 1944
bloodiest month January 1945
2nd bloodiest day 14 January 1945
3rd bloodiest day 1 January 1945
Total battle deaths 628
329 are listed=52.3% KIA-523


Activated-15 September 1942
Returned To United States-1 December 1945
Inactivated-3 December 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Siegfried Line Alsace Saar Rhineland
Central Europe
Days In Combat-102 Central Europe
Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Roderick R. Allen September 1944-July 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 12th Armored Division landed at Liverpool, England, on 2 October
1944, and then was stationed at Tidworth. It arrived at Le Havre, France, 11 November 1944.
Advance elements first met the Germans near Weisslingen, on 5 December 1944, and the en-
tire division relieved the 4th Armored Division at Singling on 7 December 1944, and advanc-
ed against the Maginot Line fortifications. In this attack, Rohrbach, in northern Alsace,
and the area about Bettviller were liberated by 12 December. Uttweiler, Germany, was sei-
zed on 21 December, as the 12th Armored bit into the outer ring of the Siegfried Line fort-
ifications. During this operation the 12th Armored sustained casualties of 62 men killed
in action, 454 wounded, and 4 men missing in action. The 12th captured 229 prisoners.
After a short period of maintenance and rehabilitation, the 12th Armored moved against
the German offensive in northern Alsace which had commenced on 1 January 1945. Basically,
the situation in Alsace, at this time, was this: The Germans made four main efforts in.
this offensive--an attack near the fortress town of Bitche; another in the Hardt Mountains
further east; a third yet further east in the northeast corner of Alsace, near Hatten and
Rittershoffen; and a fourth attack where the Germans forced a bridgehead across the Rhine
in the Gambsheim-Drusenheim area, somewhat north of the city of Strasbourg, a major German
objective. It was against this last German effort that the 12th Armored moved.
U.S. Intelligence had badly underestimated the strength of this German bridgehead, at
first believing this force to number no more than 800-1,200 men. As it turned out, there
were no less than two crack German divisions in this area, the 10th SS Panzer and 553rd
Between 16-20 January 1945, furious fighting took place in the Gambsheim-Drusenheim
bridgehead between the 12th Armored and the Germans, especially in Herrlisheim. The 12th,
in very heavy combat, attempted to eliminate this enemy bridgehead, but was forced back
with heavy losses. However, on 19 January 1945, the 12th Armored defeated a very strong
enemy attack consisting of over 800 infantrymen and 50 tanks. Soon after, the 12th was
relieved by the 36th Infantry Division which continued the eventually successful battle,
aided by elements of the 79th Infantry Division.
After this bitter battle, the 12th Armored was one of several U.S. divisions called
upon to help out the French eliminate the troublesome Colmar Pocket in central Alsace.
The Germans had had time to build up an elaborate system of defense works with many mines,



8 Dec 1111 ,7 Jan 1 3 Feb 1
9 Dec 1111111 8 Jan 11 4 Feb 11111111111111 14
10 Dec 111111 9 Jan 111111 5 Feb 111111111111 12
11 Dec 1 10 Jan 1 6 Feb 111
13 Dec 11 11 Jan 1 7 Feb 1
14 Dec 1 12 Jan 1 8 Feb 1
15 Dec 111 15 Jan 11 9 Feb 1
17 Dec 1 16 Jan 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1~I4111 55* 33
18 Dec 1 17 Jan 111111111111111111111111111 27 approx.
21 Dec 11111 18 Jan 111111111111111111 18 100men
23 Dec 111 19 Jan 1111111111 10
24 Dec 1 20 Jan 1
25 Dec 1 21 Jan 1
22 Jan 11
36 23 Jan 1
25 Jan 1
31 Jan 11



MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 JULY 1945
7 Mar 1 I 1 Apr 111111111111111111111 21 1 May 1 16 July 111
8 Mar 1 2 Apr 1 3 May 11 17 July 1
18 Mar 1 4 Apr 111111 4 May 11 4
19 Mar 111111111 9 5 Apr 1111111111 10
20 Mar 11111 6 Apr 1 5
21 Mar 111111 7 Apr 11111
22 Mar 111111 8 Apr 1111
23 Mar 1111111111111 13 9 Apr 1 It
24 Mar 11 10 Apr 11111111111111 14
28 Mar 1 11 Apr 1111
29 Mar 111 12 Apr 11111111 8
31 Mar 1111111111 10 13 Apr 11
58 15 Apr 111
16 Apr 11
17 Apr 1
18 Apr 1
19 Apr 11
20 Apr 1
21 Apr 1
22 Apr 11
23 Apr 111
24 Apr 11
25 Apr 11111111 8
26 Apr 11111
29 Apr 1

*bloodiest day 16 January 1945
bloodiest month January 1945
2nd bloodiest day 17 January 1945
3rd bloodiest day---- 1 April 1945
Total battle deaths --718
377 are listed=52.9% KIA--605


Activated-15 October 1942

Returned To United States-23 July 1945

Inactivated-15 November 194..

Battle Credits, World War II: Ruhr Pocket Central Europe

Days In Combat-16

Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John B. Wogan October 1942--April 1945
Maj-Gen John Millikin April-September 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 13th Armored Division landed at Le Havre, France, on 29 January 1945.
After performing occupation duties, the 13th moved to Homberg, near Kassel, in western Ger-
many, and prepared for combat.
The 13th Armored entered the Battle of the Ruhr Pocket, the attack jumping-off from
Honnef on 10 April 1945. After crossing the Sieg River, the 13th pushed northward just
east of the Rhine, toward Siegburg. Fierce resistance was encountered from the German
3rd Parachute Division, and casualties were considerable, including the loss of 30 tanks.
Nevertheless, the 13th Armored battled into the pocket, taking Siegburg and then Bergisch-
Gladbach, The division continued north toward Mettmann and the industrial city of Duisburg,
as resistance in the pocket collapsed in mid-April 1945.
Then, receiving orders to transfer to Patton's 3rd Army, the Black Cats proceeded on a
rather long journey into Bavaria.
Starting off in the attack from Parsberg, 26 April, the 13th Armored first crossed the
Regen and then the Danube Rivers, the latter near Mattling. It then cleared the good-sized
town of Straubing, and then advanced toward the Isar River.
Moderate to heavy resistance was encountered in this drive through southern Germany.
The 13th was never stopped, its men fighting with the skill and coolness of hardened veter-
ans. Fighting against an enemy who wouldn't admit he was licked, the 13th beat back two
heavy infantry attacks and then crossed the Isar River. Continuing on to the Austrian bor-
der, the division crossed the Inn River and smashed into Braunau, Austria, birthplace of
Adolf Hitler. A bridgehead was established at Marktl, but not exploited as orders came
down to reassemble north of the Inn on 3 May. Preparations were made for further advances,
when the war in Europe ended on 8 May 1945.
The 13th Armored remained in Germany until 25 June, and then left Le Havre, France, for
home on 14 July 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--129
Distinguished Unit Citations--0 Killed In Action--- 10
Distinguished Service Crosses--O Wounded 712
Silver Stars 6 Missing 16
Captured 34
Total Casualties------869

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