& ..... ...
pX r Plants:
and EE.. A I.nl
I S pond t f ,,I Needs
TELLING THE IFAS STORY IS A LITTLE LIKE THE "Solutions for Your Life" is a new Web-
CLASSIC STORY OF THE BLIND MEN TRYING TO centered approach to tell the IFAS story. From
DESCRIBE AN ELEPHANT: The power and singular- home finance to insect control, from finding the
ity of the whole creature is difficult to express local 4-H program to increasing profitability of
as a sum of its parts. IFAS touches the lives of your agricultural enterprise, understanding envi-
all Floridians and millions more throughout the ronmental issues, and better managing natu-
world, but many of you may not be aware of the ral resources, you can find information that can
full range of research accomplishments and edu- help you improve your home, your health and
national opportunities IFAS has to offer. The more your business, at SolutionsForYourLife.ufl.edu or
you know about IFAS as a whole, the better we can SolutionsForYourLife.com/. Featured subject areas
meet your needs, include agriculture, the environment, families and
That is why, beginning with this issue of consumers, healthy communities, lawn and garden
IMPACT magazine, we are trying to provide more maintenance, and 4-H and youth development.
information about IFAS and our statewide pro- The Web site can take you to your local county
grams in teaching, research and extension. The extension office or to the latest publications to
editorial board has been expanded to help provide help answer your questions and provide you with
the big picture. While we think it is more impor- solutions for your life.
tant to promote our programs than our identity, From a new research and education center to
we also know that a well-established identity can boost agriculture in the state to building homes
translate to credibility when we establish new pro- to withstand hurricanes, from managing invasive
grams, when we recruit faculty and staff, when we plants to cultivating great-tasting tomatoes, IFAS
seek legislative support, and when we serve you. touches the lives of every Floridian in a multitude
Why is this important? It is important because of meaningful and subtle ways. With your help
a strong identity enables IFAS to give our students and support, IFAS will continue to provide leader-
an outstanding education, to provide research ship in educating future leaders, meeting the chal-
and development activities for the second larg- lenges of population growth, finding alternative
est industry in the state, and to deliver practical fuels, promoting sustainable agriculture, creating a
knowledge about agricultural, human, and life sci- healthier environment, and building a better qual-
ences and natural resources to your front door. ity of life for generations to come.
With new deans and other key leaders in place, Whatever we do, we can always do more. Please
IFAS is making a variety of changes to enhance let us know how IFAS can better meet your needs.
the research we conduct, to expand extension pro- You can e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org or write me
gramming, and to provide state-of-the-art graduate at P.O. Box 110180, Gainesville, FL 32611-0180. I
and undergraduate education, look forward to hearing from you.
JIM Y G. CHEEK UNIVERSITY OF
Senior Vice President FLORIDA
Agriculture and Natural Resources IFAS
IMPACTT -. l.-. I. r l,_ I. II ,- Ir.
IY ,G. CHEE NEWS UPDATES FEATURES
..,, lr.,.I i r ..... 4 MEASURING MERCURY 16 "GREEN INDUSTRY"
IOSEPH C. jOYCE Nei \Set!aids Ei:olocical iek-ealch A.ijr- GROWING FAST
F .-. a. *.. ,t X [..i- 4.-.ir ."peni in Caines. I||T Irbiar d clc'prniir b':ib snl deriiajn
..r c:. Ir rni ti ianl l hurrl Iiiull
LARRY R. ARRINGTON 5 MELANOMA VACCINE SHOWS
I i,-,,,1.- h F.r.- *. PROMISE 18 REGIONAL REDUX
MARK R. M LELLAN Nei G.l Coalt R-,srj rih .ir1i
MRKI R. MCI..l' n 7 GREEN MUSSEL INVASION Edir:carjion Ccner rcipon.ls to
rse '" '*". rrgiorial nrid-
R. KIRY BARRICK 8 NEW WE SITE FOR SMALL
SM,-,U Ri.G M,, .,.Y FARMERS 27 BEE AWARE!
S r "-pen in an ., il Lirban deelo prii ,crit b-,, it de ,n ,
f.,r tro irunnr lt hurith iil[,.ul
9 CHILD IDENTITY THEFT ,ijablilhd in Florida
CHARGE T. WOODS 10 NEW ORKIN TERMITE 32 WASTE NOT, WANT NOT
TRAINING FACILITY Fl1 iRiONAL ..it.cSl..asierestiRE
FH.il Ii i T I l T i labori.ir
THOMAS S. WRIGHT 11 INSTANT INFORMATION Eduato n -Tr r n
ON PESTICIDES 35 FOOD DISTRIBUTION FROM
MARISOL AMADOR 14 DESIGNER GENES FOR TREES
TRFilii S SPOTLIGHTS
IULIE WALTERS 38 PEOPLE, PLACES & THINGS
i-, F.iTn Fs IFAS DEVELOPMENT NEWS
CHANA i. BIRD
AMANDA K. CHAMBLISS 42 L.E. "RED" LARSON DAIRY SCIENCE BUILDING
"F".-,,.-NF .ili. ..ONi.r i 43 DEVELOPMENT OFFICE
.C..- ..t IMPACT S...I r. l.licPOTLIGr.
- -:11 -
IMPACT is available in alternative
formats. Visit our Web site:
On the Cover
Natalia Peres, an assistant professor of plant pathology at UF's Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
in Wimauma, Fla., examines a petri dish with a fungal growth of Phyllosticta sp., which causes leaf spot on
blueberries. Peres manages the center's Plant Diagnostic Laboratory, which identifies plant diseases in crops
and provides recommendations for their control. She said strawberries, vegetables and ornamentals constitute
most of the sample load at the present time. COVER PHOTO BYTHOMAS WRIGHT. FOR MORE INFORMATION,
PLEASE SEE PAGE 18.
COPYRIGHT 2005 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA/IFAS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED I IMPACT I Fall 2005
To learn how tiny amounts of mercury affect wildlife Corps of Engineers. Funds from the federal Comprehensive
especially wading birds in the Florida Everglades scien- Everglades Restoration Plan described as the world's larg-
tists at UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences have est ecosystem restoration effort also help support the UF
started a five-year study at the new Wetlands Ecological research project.
Research Aviary in Gainesville. Frederick said the 13,000-square-foot outdoor aviary, one
"The research aviary provides a unique environment for of the nation's largest, houses more than 160 white ibises
studying the effects of Everglades-appropriate levels of mer- (Eudocimus albus). About the size of a chicken, the ibis has a
S cury on the development and reproduction of aquatic bird- long, decurved bill and blue eyes.
life," said Peter Frederick, an associate research professor "They are kept in outdoor conditions with plenty of room
in UF's wildlife ecology and conservation department and to fly and lots of water to drink and bathe in we want the
leader of the project, birds to be in as natural an environment as possible," he
"Results of the research will help wildlife managers and said. "The birds are exposed to mercury, but no more than
other federal and state agencies determine safe mercury lev- they would get in the wild. When the research is completed,
els for wildlife that may be different from existing human the birds will be placed in zoos."
health standards," he said. The reproductive success and health of wading birds such
Located at the U.S. Department of Agriculture as herons, egrets, ibises and storks in the Everglades are
Wildlife Services in Gainesville and managed by UF, the important measures of the success of ecological restoration,
research project is funded by the Florida Department Frederick said.
of Environmental Protection, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife "As the Everglades restoration plan moves forward, we
Service, the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Army need to increase our ability to predict how wading birds will
More than 160 white ibises are housed at UF's new Wetlands Ecological Research Aviary in Gainesville. The ibis is about the size of a chicken and has a long,
decurved bill and blue eyes. (Inset photo) Peter Frederick records data on the condition of white ibises at the research aviary. PHOTOS BY JOSH WICKHAM
....... .. .. .... . .
respond:' he said. "We are very confident that the hydro- in Everglades wildlife during the past decade. Between the
logical restoration getting the water flows right will be 1930s and 1980s, bird populations in the wetland declined
good for wading bird populations. But we are now aware by up to 90 percent depending on species, and Frederick
that mercury might also have an effect maybe even one believes mercury contamination may have impaired the res-
that partially cancels the positive effects of hydrological toration of these populations.
restoration." "One hint comes from the fact that the numbers of wad-
When fish ingest mercury, either by absorbing it through ing bird nests in the Everglades increased by two or three
their gills or by eating other contaminated fish, the toxin is times immediately following the sharp, local decline in mer-
stored in their bodies. Wading birds, which consume large cury," he said. "While tantalizing, that doesn't prove mercury
amounts of fish, are particularly at risk for mercury contam- was keeping birds from breeding. For that, you need a con-
ination because they are at or near the end of long aquatic trolled experiment, and the new aviary will provide the set-
food webs that can accumulate the toxin, Frederick said. ting for that work."
Selected because of their abundance in South Florida, Scientists attribute the recent mercury declines in the
white ibises serve as representative fish-eating birds for Everglades to tougher emission standards for power plants
much of the southeastern United States, he said. They com- and incinerators, along with a big reduction in the use of
prise 40 percent to 60 percent of the wading bird population mercury in household products such as flashlight batteries
in the Everglades. and paint. The toxin, which causes reproductive and behav-
"At high contamination levels, mercury has very obvious ioral problems in birds, also causes serious neurological
effects on wild animals and humans," Frederick said. "With damage and developmental problems for people who
this project, we are asking whether effects also occur at ingest it.
very low, but chronic, contamination levels. The effects we Once the mercury study is completed, the research aviary
are looking for are unlikely to kill the bird, but they might will be transferred to the USDA and be used for other
impair the immune system, reduce foraging abilities or alter avian studies.
hormones to the point that birds don't breed. And these are Michael Avery, director of the Florida field station for
the things that could affect population size and response to the USDA's National Wildlife Research Center, said other
Everglades restoration, research at the Gainesville facility includes the development
"Our regulatory agencies protect people from eating too and testing of new tools and techniques for managing dep-
much mercury in fish or other food, but unlike people, the redation and nuisance problems caused by vultures, identi-
birds are out there eating 24/7 and are unprotected," he said. fying and testing repellents to reduce the impacts of exotic
"For years, scientists have been trying to isolate the effects monk parakeets on electric utility facilities, and evaluating
of low-level mercury contamination on wild wading birds, reproductive inhibitors for managing non-native bird
but have been unsuccessful because it's nearly impossible species. E CHUCK WOODS
to separate the effects of mercury from other things such as FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
age, predation and weather." PETER FREDERICK (352) 846-0565
In previous research funded by the Florida Department of email@example.com
Environmental Protection and the Florida Fish and Wildlife MICHAEL AVERY (352) 375-2229
Conservation Commission, Frederick and other scientists firstname.lastname@example.org
found a dramatic decline in mercury contamination levels
M lanom a ac ne vaccine and licensing the technology
Mem Vaccine to a pharmaceutical company. Once
_-/*, tthe vaccine is licensed, human clinical
trials can begin a process that could
take three or four years.
A vaccine against melanoma the a super-antigen to boost the immune "Until now, super-antigens have
most deadly form of skin cancer response in mice against malignant never been used in a cancer vaccine,
provides almost complete protec- melanoma cells, said Howard Johnson, and our research shows that these pro-
tion in mice and could lead to a simi- a professor of immunology at UF's teins help provide a strong immune
lar treatment for people, according to Institute of Food and Agricultural response against malignant
a University of Florida researcher who Sciences. Super-antigens are proteins melanoma," said Johnson, an interna-
has developed a novel treatment for that are potent stimulators of immune tionally recognized immunologist who
the cancer, system cells, was the first to show that molecules
The vaccine uses inactivated or dead He said UF is in the process of called interferons are important regu-
melanoma cells in combination with obtaining patent protection for the lators of the immune system.
(Continued on next page)
IMPACT | Fall 2005 5
"We have found that combinational
therapy of super-antigens and inacti-
vated melanoma cells can protect 60
percent to 100 percent of the mice
against a 25-fold lethal dose of mel- r
"anoma," Johnson said. "More impor-
tantly, when vaccinated mice were
challenged a half-year later with a
lethal melanoma dose, 80 percent to
100 percent survived the second chal-
lenge, which is essentially complete Howard Johnson
protection:' collects mela-
He said these preclinical stud- noma tumor cells
ies demonstrate that weak immune in UF's microbiol- '
responses against cancers such as mel- ogy and cell
anoma can be converted to strong ment. PHOTO BY
responses by using super-antigens in IOSH WICKHAM
the vaccine. Moreover, preventive or
prophylactic vaccination against can- "This is because the proteins on the should reduce the risk of recurrence;'
cer would be more effective than surface of a melanoma cell are not as he said.
attempting to develop a vaccination 'foreign' to us as those of influenza Johnson said malignant melanoma
against existing cancer. and polio viruses, so we are using pro- is an aggressive form of cancer derived
"For the sake of comparison, we teins called super-antigens to boost the from melanocytes in normal skin.
know that vaccination against active immune response to melanoma our Currently, melanoma accounts for
flu or polio is not effective, but preven- approach is to use super-antigens to about 4 percent of all newly diagnosed
tive vaccination can give the immune enhance the response to a point where cancers in the United States with more
system a head start against these and melanoma cells are killed;' he said. than 53,000 new cases and about 7,400
other diseases'," Johnson said. "When Johnson's vaccine would primar- deaths annually. Early-stage lesions are
it comes to slowing or stopping mela- ily benefit two groups of people: the curable by surgical removal, but once
noma, this head start has clearly been elderly and those who have already melanoma spreads to distant sites via
the difference between life and death had a melanoma lesion, the lymphatic system, the prognosis
in our mice models:' "As we age, we become more at risk is guarded. U CHUCKWOODS
He said that melanoma cancer cells for developing melanoma and other FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
do produce an immune response, but cancers:' he said. "People who have HOWARD JOHNSON (352) 846-0968
the response is too weak to mount an had melanoma lesions successfully email@example.com
effective defense against the cancer removed are at greater risk of devel-
under normal circumstances. oping future lesions, so vaccination
Residents and visitors along Florida's northeast
coast beaches may notice a new and unwelcome addi-
tion an invasive mussel that already plagues the
state's Gulf Coast where it's killing native shellfish and
covering manmade objects.
The Asian green mussel (Pera viridis) was discov-
ered at St. Augustine in 2002 and now is found from
Savannah, Ga., to Mosquito Lagoon near Titusville,
"said Patrick Baker, a mollusk expert with UF's Maia McGuire said the invasive green mussel was discovered in
Florida in 1999 and recently spread to Florida's Atlantic coast. PHOTO
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. BY JOSH WICKHAM
"The marine pest, native to tropical parts of the Indian
and Pacific Oceans, seems immune to local predators, said Growing up to six inches in length, the mussel has a
Baker, who is also UF assistant research professor of inverte- smooth outer shell with a bright green coating that gradually
brate zoology and malacology, the study of mollusks. Baker darkens with age, he said.
said some east coast areas could suffer damage on the same Options for controlling the green mussel appear limited,
scale found in Tampa Bay, where the first and to date the said Maia McGuire, a marine extension agent with Florida
worst U.S. infestation was discovered in 1999. Sea Grant, a coastal research and education program affili-
"So far, St. Augustine is the only place on the east coast ated with UF. No non-native marine invertebrate has been
where the density approaches levels in Tampa Bay;' he said. successfully eradicated in U.S. waters, although mechanical
"Green mussels definitely have the potential to cause prob- and chemical control is possible in closed systems such as
lems, but we're not sure how bad it will get'" power plants.
In Tampa Bay, oyster reefs have died after colonies of Some Florida residents have taken matters into their
green mussels sprang up among the oysters and competed own hands, removing the mussel from local waters to eat.
for the microscopic floating plants both species eat, "We don't recommend this practice;' McGuire cautioned.
Baker said. East coast oyster populations may be vulnerable, "Although the green mussel is considered edible in its native
and researchers suspect the mussel could interfere with hard range, there's not much information available yet about the
shell clam fishing and farming operations, possible risks of eating the ones that grow here. And some
"Green mussels anchor themselves to virtually any hard areas where the mussels are found are closed to shellfish
surface below the waterline, including boat hulls, navigation harvest for health reasons.'
buoys, dock pilings and seawater intakes for power plant Experts are uncertain how the mussel arrived in Florida,
cooling systems, he said. The mussels begin reproducing but possible culprits include adult mussels traveling while
when two or three months old. When they reach high densi- attached to ship hulls, larvae contained in ship ballast water
ties up to 1,000 adults per square foot in some cases they and larvae floating on ocean currents, McGuire said.
may have to be removed from manmade structures, a costly "We want to learn more about their biology and the tim-
process that can impact consumers. ing of their reproductive cycle so we'll have a better idea
"They don't do anything different from barnacles and whether the mussels are reproducing here or if the larvae are
other fouling organisms native to Florida:' Baker said. "They arriving from other places:' she said.
just do it better, and they're bigger." Residents are asked to report sightings of green mussel
colonies or individual shells at UF's Green Mussel Home
page, http://greenmussel.ifas.ufl.edu U TOM NORDLIE
SFOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
MAIA MCGUIRE (904) 209-0430
PATRICK BAKER (352) 392-9617
Ilk ',y IMPACT I Fall 2005 7
New Web Site for
"Launched in May, a new Web site
for small farmers received 30,000 hits
during its first month, and traffic to
"the site has increased to more than Bob Hochmuth
50,000 hits per month, according to said information
University of Florida exten- 'on greenhousep
Univsty E and hydroponic
sion specialists. crops continues
tul Scincsto be one of the iver
The Web site, created by UF and to se e of the
Florida A&M University, is designed features offered
on the small
to help small farmers, especially those farms Web
who may be struggling to compete in a site. PHOTO BY
market dominated by large corpor- THOMAS WRIGHT
"With fewer resources available to or considering one of many alterna- be added to the site later this year.
them, small farmers in Florida face a tive enterprises, and now it's all pulled The "virtual field day": an interactive
variety of issues and challenges, which together on one site to make the search video demonstration of greenhouse
often place them at a competitive dis- easier," Hochmuth said. and hydroponic production, will make
advantage;' said Bob Hochmuth, a "We host Extension events at the the center's greenhouses accessible to
multicounty Extension agent with Live Oak center frequently, and the users all over the world, all year long,
UF's Institute of Food and Agricul- Web site helps us get information out Hochmuth said.
tural Sciences. to the community":' Hochmuth said. UF is one of few land-grant univer-
"Small farms represent more than "There's no way we would have been sites with expertise in hydroponics,
90 percent of all farms in Florida, and able to reach so many people with tra- he said. At the Live Oak center, three
their success is vital to the state's $69 ditional methods.' greenhouses are devoted to demon-
billion agriculture and natural resource The Web site provides links and stating hydroponic production.
industries:' he said. "That's why UF other resources for small farmers, "The field day on hydroponics is
"and FAMU created a Web site (http:// including information on how to get one of the most popular events that
smallfarms.ifas.ufl.edu) that specif- started, budgeting, business plan- we offer at Live Oak;' Hochmuth said.
ically addresses the needs of these ning, financing, grants, marketing and "But it is time-intensive, and we can
farmers." other issues. Farmers using the site can only host so many people. We hope the
Hochmuth, based at UF's North select topics on enterprises of special virtual field day will allow us to share
Florida Research and Education interest to them, including greenhouse our resources with a wider
Center in Live Oak, said the Web site and hydroponic production, cut flower audience.' '
was developed to make small farm production, livestock production and YASMIN WALLAS & JULIE WALTERS
information accessible in one conve- organic farming. Each topic includes FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
nient location. Alejandro Bolques, a information on production, market- BOB HOCHMUTH (386) 362-1725
Florida A&M University Extension ing and economics, as well as links to firstname.lastname@example.org
agent in Gadsden County, helped other useful information. ALEJANDRO BOLQUES (850) 875-7255
design the Web site. The small farms Web site team is email@example.com
"Small farmers may be seeking infor- working on a new feature that will
mation on getting started in farming,
To help prevent child identity theft, Mary
Harrison advises parents to safeguard
their children's personal information.
PHOTO BY MARISOL AMADOR
Identity theft is not just for adults. Offenses against chil- other problems, such as denial of credit, loss of utility or
dren are on the rise, and a University of Florida consumer phone service and criminal investigation.
education expert says the problem can actually be worse for Safeguarding a child's identity requires many of the same
younger victims, precautions parents should take for themselves, but with a
"Many parents don't realize that child identity theft exists, few twists, Harrison said.
which means the crime often goes undetected for years," Preschool-age children are unlikely to be approached by
said Mary Harrison, a professor with UF's Institute of Food scammers, so parents must bear the burden of protecting
and Agricultural Sciences. documents and other information, she said. Parents should
"Parents need to know how to recognize child identity avoid carrying their child's Social Security card, and should
theft because early discovery can greatly reduce the impact complain if their child's school uses Social Security numbers
on victims," she said. "If the crime is reported promptly, the to identify students.
thief has less time to run up debt, and authorities have a bet- For older children, the popularity of personal computers
ter chance of finding evidence." in homes and schools creates a risk they will be victimized
For children under 18, the number of identity theft com- by Internet scams such as "phishing," Harrison said.
plaints reported to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission "Even bright children who are very computer-savvy may
increased by more than half between 2003 and 2004 from not understand the dangers of being too free with their per-
about 6,400 cases to 9,800. At the same time, the percentage sonal information," she said.
of child victims among all identity theft cases increased from Receiving debt collection notices in your child's name is
3 percent to 4 percent. a serious indication that your child's information is being
In some respects, identity thieves treat personal data from misused, and warrants checking the child's credit report
children and adults the same way, Harrison said. Most often, with the three major credit reporting agencies, Experian,
they use stolen information to conduct fraudulent financial TransUnion and Equifax, she said.
transactions, though they sometimes use it to obtain govern- Harrison said parents should consider checking their chil-
ment documents such as driver's licenses, or give it to police dren's credit reports every year, especially if they suspect
when stopped or charged with a crime, their personal information has been compromised.
But when it comes to credit card fraud, child identity theft Parents who discover evidence of child identity theft
differs in an important respect: Thieves necessarily create should immediately report fraudulent activity to one of the
new credit accounts for child victims, whereas most cases of three major credit reporting agencies and ask that a fraud
adult identity theft involve existing accounts, she said. That alert be placed on the child's credit record, she said. Parents
can make the crime worse for child victims, should also contact any creditors listed in the child's credit
According to a 2003 FTC survey, victims of new account report and file a police report. E JULIE WALTERS
fraud spend four times as much time and almost five times FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
as much money clearing their records compared with vic- MARY HARRISON (352) 392-1868
tims who had only existing accounts accessed. Victims of MNHarrison@ifas.ufl.edu
new account fraud are also far more likely to encounter
IMPACT I Fall 2005 9
Tardh .1 holda 3
Tlit 0. Wv\vie Rollinr Fotindation Irba
"in Atlanta ha- pledg.td 150.000 to damaged b ler
LIUF i-n'titt't of Food ad aJd Agriculttmal !
-00W' l ch 3l[ I ,, IV. c
Scli c-- toJ I hlp establ lhi the O i kin new Orn Termie
It Inute T r ainI t ng Fac lI at the M1id- I. M1 be iatel
Flor]da R ,eaich aJd Edcation Coil a3 LJ F hd FlUorM a
ter in .Ap pka. Col' lit tion i.}f thie Elu eo r Ce l 'r Ira a
- acill tht fi-t -.A I its kind in Fl, t- Apiop,. PHOTO BY
Ida \hll begin i- 'i006. %with! c(.ni ple. MARISOLAMADOR
tlcn it'. spcted' b\ the -nd ut tthe ear.
J,,hn Capineia. charmanai oif LFs p!sc.ional. gternllmentl eiploN- ttatin-g facIltin \ill help expedite con.
entumul.ri and ntni m iatol,- di part- C.i.e and .tud irnti. The territa i taini n .tri tio n of t he tenieral houi.eleh'l p'st
meant it, Gaines.ille. said thi foon- foacilr ill alko b aa ; ablt for lease pl.g! an.s as nell as lawn and o-i nia
dation' gift \ iall benefit Florldlani. as. b\ nianiiufacti.irers and otherI coripa- ilnital proghaIrI I at tile fac dilA. This
public arnd pi 'ate orga-nizatiorn ule nies. including pest ,control fhi n horn wSill allow. us to eduti ate ptst cointt,,l
"the facilitA to tr t about the rn.,t No.rthl-rn states \ here t ai nin g
effective in- lpectirn and tr atni enl t u.les are testricted b\ climate. UF-pornsored "IPNM iFt- School.l, pll.-
mnit-hod-, .fo s-ubtrrtiariean termiriie.. Faithi O ant as!tstanrt extntllsoli si ai l hic prion tt.. the Lte ,f I PM
which caui. 95 petieni t of all termi te tntist at LiF and pirolect coordina- i r ducatio:,nal faciii ies thrtu'o ut
damage' in No.rthl A imet ia. Beca -im: i..f tor Iof the ,n- facility, said all aspects the state."
Flot ida' climate arnd sl .o I cd mp.sitiII. i. oF l.rmne and comn rcal et ntl In additoiion to the fn. datiin' lt.
the -tate is hoie to tlie nriaitn'I. lag- \t ll be demonstrated, prol\ iding train. the Flojida Departmi ent -of Agi c ltl e
es t ti milte populateoi,'. including the ie... ith practical experience !itl eat- and Co.,tiuilet Sen- ic-s has pledged
highlI agigres.i.i Fun sn t i ig te t. F nlos150.00 to hFlRp bi lid tlhe teri i te
"P art of the fiudndatiom goal N-, to "e at 3t pleased thiat LiF wll t!r an!rngi ac t-.
pl,rnite pe.t contti l inrt\atlio that ha\t this valuable resource lo hand-- Founde d ii 196. the O. \\a\ne
enhances health and I\ ets." said Glen .ron edutatio.n. rd "e arlt grateful f,,, Rollin Foiindation pio ides. philarn
Rollins. pie idert arnd chief operat- the enrabling gift Tfromn theO ai\ ne talr.\.Ric contribur!il.i fo.,r the support
ig ofFice! if Orl kein and gr andon of Rollin. FouLidatiorn: Oi said. o.f medical re-eai chi at college arid
0. adriN ne Rollin, i.. fr ho i nth i i foul lii- She -aid the talni rg fa.iitl l ri eriti. i d i t role pests
dati, o Ii nariied." T le Ot kin TirrnIti tls.tippot in'tg v atid pi.t ianaaliageeli t in the mnt ironrient. The four dation's
Training Fahilir will pio\idc. cpe-rt I IPM i progiamni ec'mirnie d bK LiE gegiaphic focu.i is plredominantlh
terlr-!t e education. beneit in_ hlo.rie- ilnt.,-,l.,tgrsts antd Oi ki! pspt con Geo.r gia and the Sou.,tleast. U
t.\rliers thIliglilut the Sttithiast anrd trd plfesioraJ CHUCK WOODS
the iiatiotir." "The goal ,of IPM 1- to balanrt:e t- FOR !.ORE INFORI.IATION, CONTAC T -
LiF facult aind staff, along t'. itlh risk of using pe-tcide... with tlhe need FAITH 01 3'52, 392-l1.,i1
o.thel indrlstr\ pofes-sio, na., N.ill pro- to cintr!ol pits and pilotect the t ._.u edu
\id-e statew\lide tiaininlg r, a '.tide iange. n\ iiromient.' Ot .said. 'Th OC)rkin
of participants., ini ludin, g p-eFst control donation fot the ret rliite pua t.i (.o l the
Daniel Sonke (left) and Ted Holmes are working together to make the Chem-
Search database on pesticides available to research and extension faculty at
land-grant universities across the nation. PHOTO BY NORM LEPPLA
Following successful tests at the University of Florida, a institutions in the United States," Sonke said. "They are
California-based company is making its crop management offering the database service to these agencies at a substan-
database on pesticides available to research and extension tial discount'.
faculty at land-grant universities across the nation. The database allows users to search by crop or site, pest
"When our research and extension faculty said they (up to four at a time), state or county, manufacturer, product
needed accurate, up-to-date information on pesticides name, type of product (insecticide, herbicide, etc.), appli-
from 104 manufacturers, we began a unique business cation time or label type. As a result of searches, use rates,
arrangement with Crop Data Management Systems Inc. pests controlled, re-entry options, crop rotations and safety
in Marysville, Calif.," said Daniel Sonke, an assistant coor- information as well as other facts are displayed or printed in
dinator for the integrated pest management (IPM) pro- a one- or two-page format. In addition to the label summary
gram at UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences in for each product, full-text versions of all product labels
Gainesville. are available.
"We selected CDMS because the company has developed "After searching other commercial databases, it was very
an excellent, searchable online database for agricultural and clear that ChemSearch was the easiest service to use," Sonke
specialty chemicals," Sonke said. "Their ChemSearch data- said. "You can learn how to use it in a few minutes, and it
base, which is updated daily, provides instant information contains most of the chemicals our agents recommend."
on more than 1,600 products, along with label instructions, Sonke said the database is currently limited to pesticides
worker protection standards and other information about for agriculture, turf and ornamentals. It does not contain
these products information that's essential when our fac- household and structural products, and its home landscape
ulty make recommendations to growers and residents about section is limited to the largest manufacturers, rather than
using these products on agricultural crops, turfgrass off-patent products and local brands. However, extension
and ornamentals." agents can still use the database to obtain information about
He said UF initiated a statewide trial of the CDMS active ingredients in household products.
ChemSearch database in 2003, and the program was Ted Holmes, Southern regional sales manager for CDMS
expanded in 2004 to 12 other states participating in the in Bradenton, said the database allows users to compare
Southern Region IPM Center in Raleigh, N.C. IPM is the label summaries between two products, providing a side-
combined use of cultural, biological and chemical methods by-side comparison of things such as application rates, fed-
for effective, economic pest control with little effect on non- eral restrictions and environmental considerations.
target organisms and the environment. For more information about ChemSearch, visit the CDMS
"Now, CDMS is so pleased with UF/IFAS leadership on Web site, http://www.cdms.net/ E CHUCK WOODS
the project that the company is making ChemSearch avail- FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
able to all land-grant universities and government DANIEL SONKE (352) 392-1901
TED HOLMES (941) 746-6087
IMPACT Fall2005 11
Br3n Scully a. ar.,rin a
h ,:lrU;, rar, Ir 3 hlh. p
Injr 3r, Rivr I. S rLpjh and
Edlu,:.d1Tic, n i ( rI PHOTO
BY JOSH WICKHAM
"i1g fluiida's $9 bIllul lttu Ilidalt, found JunII at
UF's Indian River Research and Education Center, prompt-
ing state officials to destroy all research and teaching groves
at the Fort Pierce facility.
As a result, all citrus research at the center has been Though the original grove site may be replanted even-
temporarily halted, and the original grove site cannot be tually, new groves may also be established west of the cen-
replanted until summer 2007, said Center Director ter. UF scientists are working with the U.S. Department of
Brian Scully. Agriculture and St. Lucie County to develop an 1,800-acre
"Losing the trees was devastating, but our scientists are publicly owned research park. The cen-
now working closely with growers in the region to con- ter's field operations and agricultural .
tinue important research, and we are planning new research research sites may be relocated as part
groves so we can get all of our projects back on track', of the project.
he said. "When we establish new research
Caused by bacteria in the genus Xanthomonas, citrus can- groves, it will give us a chance to mod-
ker affects all citrus varieties, including grapefruit, oranges ernize our research program, and
and tangerines. Infected trees develop small brown lesions that's the silver lining to this situation,"
on leaves, stems and fruit. Left unchecked, the disease even- Scully said. "We can select new variet-
tually reduces tree productivity, ies of scion and root stock and upgrade
When researchers at the center discovered suspected our grove design, irrigation systems "
canker lesions, they notified the state Division of Plant and cultural practices:'
Industry, which confirmed the presence of the disease. Prior to the canker outbreak,
Infected trees and trees within 1,900 feet of those with the researchers at the center along with
disease were burned, scientists at other UF facilities were
Scully said tissue samples from 20 unique citrus varieties working on more than two dozen proj-
are being preserved in quarantine by the Division of Plant ects, some using trees from as far back
Industry in Gainesville. If they are free of infection, the sam- as the 1950s. ,U '
ples will be used to propagate new trees. These samples "It's difficult to quantify the loss, .
were selected from among 250 rare and heirloom varieties but the monetary costs are not as sig-
collected by center faculty over the past 50 years and pre- nificant as the impact on our overall
served at the center. research program," Scully said. "Some
The bacteria that cause canker can be spread via air potential scientific discoveries have
currents, rainwater, people, animals, plants and been delayed or even lost:'
farm equipment. Fortunately, no other canker out-
"Inspectors found the first lesion in the highest part of a breaks occurred this year at research
tree in a remote area of the research grove, which is consis- facilities operated by UF's Institute of
tent with an airborne transmission," Scully said. "If a worker Food and Agricultural Sciences, said
accidentally introduced canker bacteria, we would have Harold Browning, statewide coordi-
seen the lesion on a lower part of a tree, probably one grow- nator of citrus teaching, research and
ing in a heavy-traffic area." extension programs. Canker struck UF
12 IMPACT Fall 2005
only once before, several years ago at the Tropical Research disease is spread by an insect, the citrus psyllid, which was
and Education Center in Homestead. found in Florida in 1998.
Browning, who also is director of UF's Citrus Research Symptoms of infection include mottled leaves, yel-
and Education Center in Lake Alfred, said he was pleased low shoots, misshapen and off-flavored fruit, and eventual
with the way faculty and staff responded to the canker out- decline in tree health, Browning said.
break in Fort Pierce. While the state Division of Plant Industry and U.S.
"This unfortunate situation has strengthened our commit- Department of Agriculture work to determine the extent of
ment to help Florida's citrus industry," he said. "Dealing with the infection, UF is assembling a team of experts to fight the
this disease is a big challenge, and we're trying to stay one disease, he said. The team will address research and educa-
step ahead of the problem:' tion issues related to the bacterium, the citrus psyllid, and
As if citrus canker weren't enough, the Florida citrus response from growers and homeowners.
industry is facing another threat. An Asian bacterial disease "We have entomologists and plant pathologists who are
known as citrus greening, or Huanglongbing, was discovered familiar with citrus greening and will focus their efforts on
in South Florida in late August, Browning said. assisting the industry," Browning said. E TOM NORDLIE
Citrus greening affects all citrus varieties and has reduced FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
production in Asia, Africa, the Indian subcontinent and the BRIAN SCULLY (772) 468-3922
Arabian Peninsula, he said. Unlike citrus canker, the new firstname.lastname@example.org
Citrus canker is one of the most destructive diseases affecting Florida's $9 billion citrus industry. State law requires infected trees
to be destroyed, along with all citrus trees within 1,900 feet. UF/IFAS FILE PHOTO
, ".., ,.. .. ..
John Davis (left), Gary Peter and Matias Kirst are among UF scientists working
on a new research project to identify genes that regulate wood properties and
disease-resistance traits in loblolly pine. PHOTO BY THOMAS WRIGHT
With the aid of a $6 million grant duction. In Florida, forestry is a $16 through genetics could help reduce
from the National Science Foundation, billion industry, the state's largest agri- our nation's dependence on nonrenew-
University of Florida researchers cultural commodity. able energy," he said.
are working with scientists at the "By aggressively seeking to identify The NSF Plant Genome Research
University of California, Davis; North all of the major genes controlling spe- Program grant was made to UF's
Carolina State University; and Texas cific wood properties and disease- School of Forest Resources and
A&M University to identify genes that resistance traits in loblolly pine, we Conservation because of the school's
regulate wood properties and disease- anticipate a significant breakthrough long history of cooperating with the
resistance traits in loblolly pine. in our understanding of a pine spe- forestry industry, particularly in
The research to be conducted by cies that is the highest-valued crop in interdisciplinary genetic research to
faculty in UF's new Genetics Insti- nine of 13 Southern states,' said Gary identify mechanisms that control pro-
tute will benefit the $200 bil- Peter, an associate professor of plant ductivity and health of planted pines,
lion forest industry in 13 Southern genomics in UF's Institute of Food and Peter said.
states where loblolly pine is the most- Agricultural Sciences. Peter is lead- John Davis, an associate professor
planted species for commercial timber, ing the UF research effort to iden- of forest biotechnology who is lead-
Southern pines cover just six percent tify genes controlling wood proper- ing the UF effort to identify genes con-
of U.S. forestland, but account for 58 ties. "Wood is also a renewable energy trolling disease resistance, said the
percent of the nation's total wood pro- source, and increasing productivity research findings will reveal genetic
14 IMPACT I Fall 2005
mechanisms that help explain the long The UF team also includes George pegged for development in the UF
evolutionary success of pine trees. Casella, professor and chair of the sta- Genetics Institute's strategic plan.
He said the research will generate an tistics department, who is working "Bioinformatics is necessary in the
unprecedented glimpse of the genes with Huber to develop and apply novel loblolly pine research to analyze gene
that affect interactions among pine analytical methods for the discovery of sequences," Berns said. "Then, popu-
trees, fungi and other natural com- significant associations between geno- lation genetics analysis will be used to
ponents of forest systems. The new types and phenotypes. understand how evolutionary forces
insights are expected to have influenced the gene
enhance gene conserva- pool of the species. Both
tion efforts and society's techniques require the
ability to cope with chal- A s r i s classification and analysis
lenges such as evolving e r a.o ap s, of vast amounts of data."
pest populations. m i hv wil In addition to the valu-
Dudley Huber, an asso- able applied benefits of
ciate in forest genetics and this multidisciplinary
co-director of the UF pine on, aro, te research, the loblolly pine
breeding cooperative, said project is expected to pro-
understanding how differ- vide significant insight
ent genes affect the health s o h rn t into an important frontier
and viability of trees in G p r K in fundamental genetic
natural and breeding pop- research: the structure,
ulations will have immedi- function and regulation
ate and far-reaching ben- of genes that control com-
efits for tree improvement programs Kenneth Berns, director of the UF plex traits, Berns said. i
and should dramatically reduce testing Genetics Institute, said the NSF grant CHUCK WOODS
costs and breeding cycle times. represents an important stride for the FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
Matias Kirst, an assistant professor genetics program. KENNETH BERNS (352) 846-2782
of quantitative genetics, is leading the "The Genetics Institute unites email@example.com
UF effort to identify gene regulatory researchers from UF's Institute of Food GEORGE CASELLA (352) 392-1941
networks. "Genes regulate tree proper- and Agricultural Sciences with faculty JOHN DAVIS (352) 846-0879
ties; however, some genes also regulate from the colleges of medicine, engi- firstname.lastname@example.org
other genes," he said. "Understanding neering, and liberal arts and sciences:' DUDLEY HUBER (352) 846-0898
these networks will help us unravel he said. "This kind of study requires email@example.com
how genes work together to make a expertise in population genetics and MATIAS KIRST (352) 846-0900
pine tree." bioinformatics two of the main areas PETER (352) 846-0896
GARY PETER (352) 846-0896
IMPACT Fall2005 15
by Chuck Woods
THE NATIONWIDE BOOM IN HOUSING
and other construction associated with urban development is driving one of the fastest-growing
segments of U.S. agriculture, according to a new economic study by UF's Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences and the University of Tennessee.
The $147 billion environmental hor- Nationwide, the industry generates as landscape architects, contractors
ticulture industry also known as a total of $147.8 billion in output or and maintenance firms, retail garden
the "green industry" is not only one sales, 1.9 million jobs, $64.3 billion in centers and various other retail stores
of the nation's fastest-growing busi- labor income and $6.9 billion in indi- selling plants and garden supplies.
nesses, but it continues to expand rect business taxes. The industry gen- In addition, he said the industry is
even during recessionary periods, said rates $95.1 billion in value-added linked to urban forestry by providing
Alan Hodges, an economist with UF's impacts, which represent the value plant material and professional per-
Institute of Food and Agricultural of output less the value of purchased sonnel for growing, maintaining and
Sciences and one of three authors of a inputs used in the production of goods managing city trees.
new national study. or services for final consumption. Besides Hodges, those participat-
He said the research is the first to The industry consists of a variety of ing in the study include John Haydu,
evaluate the economic impact of the businesses involved in production, dis- a professor of food and resource eco-
green industry for the entire United tribution and services associated with nomics at UF's Mid-Florida Research
States, and it shows how the indus- ornamental plants, landscape and gar- and Education Center in Apopka, and
try contributes to personal income den supplies and equipment, Hodges Charles Hall, an agricultural econo-
and job growth in local and regional said. It includes wholesale nurseries, mist at the University of Tennessee
economies, greenhouses and sod growers as well in Knoxville.
16 IMPACTI Fall2005
Hall said results of the study will greenhouses, lawn and garden equip- and garden equipment wholesalers
help legislators and other decision ment manufacturers, and greenhouse ($2.7 billion), wholesale flower, nurs-
makers understand the economic manufacturers, the study shows the ery stock and florist suppliers ($1.9 bil-
importance of the environmental hor- total output impact was $34.6 billion, lion), and food and beverage stores
ticulture industry. "There are several These sectors created 300,677 jobs ($1.4 billion).
key labor and water-related issues that with a value-added impact of $20.4 Regionally, the total value-added
are currently being debated, and the billion, impact of the green industry was the
results of this study will help clarify For the horticultural service sectors largest in the Midwest with $19.2 bil-
the impact of various policy alterna- of landscape services and landscape lion, followed by the Pacific ($18.4 bil-
tives," Hall said. architects, the total output impact lion), the Northeast ($17.9 billion) and
Robert Dolibois, executive vice pres- was $57.8 billion. These sectors cre- the Southeast ($13.5 billion).
ident of the American Nursery and ated 753,557 jobs with a value-added The largest individual states in terms
Landscape Association in Washington, impact of $39 billion, of value-added impact were California
D.C., said the study shows how the For the wholesale/retail trade sec- with $13.7 billion, Florida ($7.1 bil-
green industry is expanding its contri- tors, the total output impact was $55.5 lion), Texas ($6.1 billion), Illinois
bution to the economy and improving billion, generating 910,104 jobs and a ($4.3 billion), Pennsylvania ($3.7 bil-
the nation's managed landscapes on a $35.3 billion value-added impact. lion), New York ($3.5 billion) and
massive scale. In terms of employment and value- Ohio ($3.5 billion).
"It is worth noting that a domi- added impact, the largest individual The research was supported by
nant portion of this industry's activity sectors were landscaping services, gen- a grant from the U.S. Department
is conducted by thousands and thou- rating 704,875 jobs and $35.6 bil- of Agriculture's Forest Service and
sands of privately held small busi- lion in value-added impact; lawn and its National Urban and Community
nesses," he said. "They are a significant garden stores (347,916 jobs and $14.8 Forestry Advisory Committee, along
engine for creating new jobs, and the billion); nursery and green-houses with funding from the American
industry is a gateway of opportunity (261,408 jobs and $18.1 billion); flo- Nursery and Landscape Association in
for entrepreneurs nationwide, rists (200,461 jobs and $4 billion) Washington, D.C., and the Professional
"With the nation's demograph- and building material supply stores Landcare Network (PLANET) in
ics driving this growth, we can expect (123,591 jobs and $6.5 billion). Herndon, Va. E
even larger numbers in future stud- Other sectors covered in the study FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
ies, as long as the industry has access included general merchandise stores JOHN HAYDU (407) 884-2034
to a legal and sustainable work force:' with a value-added impact of $4 bil- JJH@ifas.ufl.edu
Dolibois said. lion, landscape architects ($3.5 bil- ALAN HODGES (352) 392-1845
For the production and manufactur- lion), lawn and garden equipment AWHodges@ifas.ufl.edu
ing sectors, including nurseries and manufacturers ($2.6 billion), lawn
John Haydu (left) and Alan Hodges
check anthurium production at UF's
Mid-Florida Research and Educa-
tion Center in Apopka. PHOTO BY
-. .... -
by Chuck Woods
"il IiJ l the new $16 million Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (GCREC) near
Tampa is now a regional program that continues to be responsive to the needs
of producers and consumers. The center part of UF's Institute of Food and
SAgricultural Sciences focuses on a wide range of agricultural crops, environ-
mental issues and state-of-the-art production technologies. The center's Plant
SDiagnostic Laboratory helps growers identify and treat diseases that threaten
crops. And the center's new landscape and ecology program will improve the
link between ornamental growers and the urban environment.
"Building on its reputation as a farmgate sales annually continues to be a priority at the
leader in vegetable, strawberry and center. As Florida's most valuable vegetable crop, tomatoes
ornamental plant research, UF's Gulf help support the state's position as the nation's second-
Coast Research and Education Center largest vegetable producer.
has moved into a new era and into "The tomato industry's success is closely linked to a
a new facility that allows scientists highly rated vegetable research program at UF's Gulf Coast
to continue helping growers produce Research and Education Center that dates back to 1942,"
crops in an environmentally friendly Brown said. "Recognized for its international leadership in
manner while maintaining a competi- tomato breeding, the center has developed more than 45
tive edge in the global marketplace." fresh market tomato varieties for commercial growers and
A These comments by Jack Rechcigl, home gardeners."
director of the center, describe the Jay Scott, a professor of horticultural sciences and leader
basic mission of the improved regional of the center's tomato breeding program, said the state's
S : facility that was dedicated in April humid, subtropical climate and infertile soils present spe-
vi 2005. More than 600 growers, indus- cial challenges to growers who must deal with pests, diseases
try representatives and UF officials and other production problems.
attended ceremonies that highlighted "Improved germplasm from the breeding program has
some of the important research accom- been used by private companies in the development of
plishments at the center since its many high-yielding, disease-resistant tomatoes that thrive
inception in the 1920s. in Florida, including varieties such as Florida 47, Florida 91
Jay Taylor, president of Taylor and and Sebring, which are the mainstays of the tomato indus-
Fulton Inc. in Palmetto, Fla., and try in Florida and other Southeastern states," Scott said.
chairman of the center's advisory com- "UF breeding lines are also in several newer hybrids such as
mittee, said research is the key to the Soraya, Escudero and Crown Jewel'"
future of agriculture, and the regional He said important breeding lines have been released to
-. facility will provide growers with the the seed industry in the last 10 years. These include five
technologies they need. "It's a prime lines resistant to Fusarium wilt races 1, 2 and 3, and two
Example of what we can do when the lines resistant to Fusarium crown and root rot. One of these
agricultural industry and UF's Institute lines is used in Crown Jewel. All seven of the lines have a
'- of Food and Agricultural Sciences gene that increases the production of lycopene, which is an
work together'," he said. important antioxidant that improves internal fruit color.
"TASTY TOMATOES Scott said the 2003 release of Solar Fire gives growers a
S-heat-tolerant variety that can set fruit at warm temperatures.
Reggie Brown, manager of the "This variety sets well under the high temperatures that
B? Florida Tomato Committee in Orlando, we have every fall, and it allows growers to harvest more
said research on tomatoes which fruit for the early market when the yield of many varieties
generate more than $400 million in is depressed"'
IMPACT I Fall 2005 19
Jack Rechcigl exam-
ines one of the new He is also measuring the effects of pes-
lisianthus flower ticides on beneficial insects and mon-
u. varieties developed
:. at the Gulf Coast itoring the growing problem of insect
Research and Educa- resistance to some chemical controls.
tion Center. PHOTO
BY THOMAS WRIGHT "For example, we have monitored
the resistance of the silverleaf white-
"fly to insecticides during the past five
"Our tomato breeding program years, and we have made new recom-
is also focusing on developing vari- mendations to growers about man-
eties with resistance to two impor- aging this pest through consultations
tant diseases TYLCV (tomato with crop consultants and extension,
yellow leaf curl virus) and bacte- industry and grower group represen-
rial spot which would be of huge tatives," Schuster said. "At the same
value to the Florida tomato indus- time, we are evaluating repellents to
try. Plant breeders never run short silverleaf whitefly."
of useful things to work on"' He said that a crop oil now appears
Scott said. to be the most effective product for
INTEGRATED PEST repelling adult whiteflies and slowing
TYLCV, which is transmitted by white-
MANAGEMENT fly adults. Working in cooperation with
To control pests that attack Israeli researchers, Schuster is seek-
tomatoes, peppers and other veg- ing a federal patent for newer, envi-
etables produced in west central ronmentally friendly repellent tech-
Solar Fire produces medium- to Florida, researchers are developing nology. To track whiteflies and TYLCV,
large-sized fruit, just above 6 ounces, effective integrated pest management he is initiating a new cooperative
with an attractive red color and gloss. strategies that emphasize biological research project that uses Geographic
Each vine bears a lot of fruit, so crop control and optimal use of pesticides. Information System technology.
yields are good. It is a firm tomato, an David Schuster, a professor of ento- Schuster is also studying the poten-
important factor when shipping pro- mology at the center, is evaluating the tial of releasing a parasite to control
duce, he said. effectiveness of pesticides for pepper weevils and of planting squash
The new variety is also resistant to armyworms, leafminers, mites, tomato to trap whiteflies, thereby reducing the
races 1, 2 and 3 of Fusarium wilt as pinworms, pepper weevils, whiteflies spread of TYLCV to adjacent
well as Verticillium wilt race 1 and and other troublesome vegetable pests. tomato crops.
gray leafspot. It is moderately resistant
to fruit soft rot, a bacterial disease that
attacks damp tomatoes after the fruit
has been harvested.
Another cultivar that will soon be
released tentatively named Flora-
Lee combines superior flavor and
high lycopene content and should be
a popular tomato with health benefits
for the consumer, Scott said. The vari-
ety should compete well with green-
house tomato varieties that have taken
over much of the supermarket space
over the last several years.
Dave Schuster examines tomato seedlings
treated with new compounds to evaluate their
effects on egg laying and virus transmission by
whiteflies. PHOTO BYJOSH WICKHAM
20 IMPACT I Fall 2005
STRAWBERRY FIELDS Craig Chandler
STRAWBERRY FIELDS inspects stock plants
Florida's $200 million strawberry of one of his promis-
ing new strawberry
industry, which supplies most of the selections. PHOTO BY
strawberries consumed in the Eastern THOMAS WRIGHT
and Midwestern United States during
the winter, is based largely upon the
new varieties and production methods
developed at the Gulf Coast center. on the biological control of mites
Strawberry Festival, which was in European cucumber green-
released in 2000, is currently the dom- houses where spider mites are
inant variety in Florida because of allowed to develop in strawberry
its ability to produce a steady supply fields to a certain low level. At that
of high-quality fruit under a range of point, an average of one preda-
weather conditions. tory Phytoseiulus persmilis mite is
Craig Chandler, a professor of hor- released per plant.
ticulture who developed the variety, is "Within six to eight weeks, all
also credited with the development of evidence of spider mites disap-
other widely grown varieties. In 1992, pears, and the pest is not evident
he released Sweet Charlie, a cultivar for the remainder of the growing
with high early-season fruit yield, fla- season," Price said. "Since pesti-
vor and resistance to anthracnose fruit cides are not being used to control
rot. In 1980, his predecessor, Professor the mites, more naturally occurring
Charles Howard, released Dover, a cul- biological control organisms sur-
tivar with high midwinter fruit yield vive and reduce the incidence of helps support research at the center,
and resistance to crown rot. other arthropod pests." which also includes research on irriga-
Research at the center also helps He said more than one-third of the tion, soil fumigation and postharvest
growers control strawberry diseases Florida strawberry industry now uses packaging that has revolutionized
and pests such as the two-spotted spi- this biological control technique to the industry.
der mite, described as the world's most manage spider mites. The cost of the
damaging arthropod strawberry pest. biocontrol is comparable to pesticides.
Jim Price, an associate professor of Chip Hinton, director of the Florida HORTICULTURE
entomology at the center, has devel- Strawberry Growers Association in To remain competitive in world
oped a successful technique based Plant City, said the strawberry industry markets, Florida's booming $10 bil-
lion environmental horticulture indus-
try depends on an almost continuous
flow of new and improved floricultural
plants developed at the Gulf Coast
Brent Harbaugh, a professor of envi-
ronmental horticulture at the cen-
ter, said that the plant breeding pro-
gram is aimed at developing plants that
are suited for production and use in
Florida's climate. Breeding programs
improve heat tolerance and resistance
to disease and drought.
Zhanao Deng checks new caladium varieties for
their growth and color display. He said UF has
developed and released 16 caladium varieties for
Florida growers and gardeners. PHOTO BY JOSH
IMPACT IFa112005 21
Sick and poorly grow-
ing plants are submit- are held twice a year, and we iden-
ted to the center's tify those that perform well in our
almost every day, and climate."
Jim Mertely helps Hugh Gramling, executive direc-
find ways to solve the
problems. PHOTO BY tor of Tampa Bay Wholesale Growers,
JOSH WICKHAM said the center's new landscape and
ecology program will be an important
Zhanao Deng, an assistant pro- addition, providing a strong scientific
fessor of environmental horticul- link between growers and the
ture at the center, said the orna- urban environment.
mental plant breeding program WATER RESOURCES
is aimed at developing varieties
that can resist diseases and pests Water conservation and quality is a
as well as tolerate stresses such as key issue in the 16 counties that com-
sun, heat and drought. More than a prise the Southwest Florida Water
dozen new caladium varieties with Management District. To reduce agri-
improved vigor and landscape per- culture's thirst for the crucial resource
formance have been developed and in a rapidly urbanizing district,
released during the past 25 years. researchers at the Gulf Coast center
In 2005, three more caladium have developed a variety of technolo-
"varieties will be released, Deng gies that are now being used by thou-
said. From the gerbera breed- sands of growers.
ing program that began in 2000, Craig Stanley, a professor of soil and
Thanks to a lisianthus breeding pro- four new gerbera varieties will be water science and associate director
gram initiated at the center in 1985, released this year. All of them were of the Gulf Coast center, said research
researchers have developed heat- selected for superior garden perfor- has determined the optimum water
tolerant varieties of the flowering pot mance in Florida. requirements for crops such as
plants that can be grown economically "In addition, to help Floridians tomatoes, peppers, strawberries and
in Florida. Marine Blue and Florida select and grow the best flowers, hun- flowering ornamentals in south-
Blue lisianthus were released in 1995 dreds of new flower varieties bred in west Florida.
as the first heat-tolerant lisianthus to other parts of the United States or in "We also have developed and dem-
grow at 82 degrees Fahrenheit without other countries are tested at the cen- onstrated fully enclosed subirrigation
causing the plants to form a cluster of ter," Deng said. "The variety trials systems that utilize buried
leaves with no stems or flowers.
"Since these first releases, nine
other varieties in the Maurine series
and five other varieties in the Florida
series have been released:' Harbaugh
said. "These varieties now account
for nearly 75 percent of the lisianthus
grown in the state."
In addition, 13 new lisianthus vari-
eties, the first to have heat-tolerance
with single- and double-flowering
types for use as flowering pot plants,
will be released in 2005.
Brent Harbaugh examines
new heat-tolerant lisian-
thus flowers that were
released by the center in
October 2005. PHOTO BY
22 IMPACT I Fall 2005
microirrigation tubing for water table checks the
management," he said. "Other water growth of nut-
sedge, one of the
management practices developed at most trouble-
the center include the use of comput- some weeds
ers to schedule irrigation and man- PHOTO BY JOSH
age nutrients. This information was WICKHAM
put into practice to help reduce nitro-
gen and phosphorus loading from sur- Scientists from Europe, Australia
rounding production areas near Lake and Central America regularly visit
Manatee, which is a prime source the center to learn about improve-
of drinking water for Manatee and ments in soil fumigation technol-
Sarasota counties:' ogy and potential alternatives to
METHYL BROMIDE methyl bromide.
"Finding a replacement that will
ALTERNATIVES be as cost-effective as methyl bro-
With a looming 2006 federal ban mide is proving to be difficult, but
on most uses of methyl bromide, sci- we do have some materials that
entists at the Gulf Coast center are show promise, and more research
searching for alternatives to the widely is needed:' Gilreath said. "Our pre-
used soil fumigant that is essential for vious research showed that the
the production of fruits, vegetables and combination of Telone C-35 and
ornamentals in Florida and the nation. Tillam herbicide produced good
The fumigant is being banned by the results for tomatoes, but the man-
Environmental Protection Agency in ufacturer of Tillam went out of and Vegetable Association is currently
response to the Montreal Protocol in- business, and the product is not cur- seeking exemptions to help produc-
ternational treaty. The chemical harms rently registered for use, so we are still ers through the 2006 and 2007 grow-
the Earth's ozone layer, which helps looking." ing seasons.
protect the planet from radiation. Until an effective replacement is One way to reduce the use of methyl
Jim Gilreath, a professor of horticul- found, tomato, pepper and straw- bromide is to install new highly reten-
tural sciences and leader of UF's soil berry growers are relying on critical tive mulch covers on beds, Gilreath
fumigation research program, said the use exemptions granted by the United said. Methyl bromide application rates
project is recognized as one of the fore- Nations Environmental Programme on can be reduced by as much as one-half,
most programs of its kind in the world, a year-to-year basis. The Florida Fruit and growers can still achieve effec-
tive control of soilborne pests, espe-
cially hard-to-control weeds such as
"The integration of herbicides and
fumigants into a systematic approach
to soilborne pest control continues to
be a major focus of our work," Gilreath
said. "Because methyl bromide is so
important for growers in Florida's cli-
mate, we also need to continue our
efforts to obtain critical use exemp-
tions for the soil fumigant until such
time as practical, effective alternatives
Craig Stanley uses a
to measure groundwater
samples for nitrate and
phosphorus. PHOTO BY
IMPACT Fall 2005 23
RX FOR PLANTS which cause the majority of plant dis- ties," said Jim Mertely, a plant patholo-
To help growers and extension eases in the region. Bacterial patho- gist and lab coordinator. "Walk-in sam-
agents accurately diagnose and treat gens are isolated and may be referred ples are also accepted at GCREC."
plant diseases, the center also operates to UF's Bacterial Identification and Forms and instructions for the pro-
the Plant Diagnostic Laboratory. Fatty Acid Analysis Laboratory in per selection and handling of samples
"The primary function of the lab Gainesville for identification. Diseases are available at the following Web site:
is to identify plant diseases in crops caused by viruses and nematodes may http://gcrec.ifas.ufl.edu. Currently,
important to local agriculture and pro- be diagnosed in house or sent to other there are no charges for diagnostic ser-
vide recommendations for their con- UF laboratories. Plant specimens dam- vices at GCREC. However, samples
trol," said Natalia Peres, an assistant aged by insects or mites are referred to referred to other laboratories may be
professor of plant pathology and man- entomologists at the Gulf Coast center, subject to fees. U
ager of the lab. "Strawberries, vegeta- "Before submitting a sample, grow-
bles and ornamentals constitute most ers are urged to contact their local
of the sample load at the present time." extension agents, who routinely diag-
She said the lab is fully equipped nose common plant diseases and
for the diagnosis of fungal pathogens, insect pests in their assigned special-
.... ..... ............... .
......~~" ,.: .. :.::i E
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
REGGIE BROWN (407) 894-3071 NATALIA PERES (813) 633-4133
CRAIG CHANDLER (813) 633-4136 JIM PRICE (813) 633-4123
ZHANAO DENG (813) 633-4134 JACK RECHCIGL (813) 633-4111
JIM GILREATH (941) 737-7018 DAVID SCHUSTER (813) 633-4124
HUGH GRAMLING (813) 655-1914 JAY SCOTT (813) 633-4135
BRENT HARBAUGH (813) 633-4142 CRAIG STANLEY (813) 633-4117
CHIP HINTON (813) 752-6822 JAY TAYLOR (941) 729-3883
JIM MERTELY (813) 633-4131
UF's new Gulf Coast Research and Education Center is located in Wimauma, which is near Tampa in Hillsborough County. PHOTO BY THOMAS WRIGHT
B,. Boytn-'Road ^ .
EXIT 11246 Bi Be Road
t GULF COAST
S: .i .:'. :0
~~~~4 ....1 + ', .
Sby Chuck Woods
I OF FLORIDA
said it was only a matter of time until
African honeybees became established in
Florida, and now they have. To help resi-
dents and visitors learn how to live with
these potentially dangerous insects, UF's
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
and the Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services are launching a
statewide public education program.
IMPACT Fall2005 27
Glenn Hall, who is working with the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services and other government agencies to
educate the public about African honeybees, said they may eventually spread throughout the state and move into other areas of
the Southeastern United States. PHOTO BY JOSH WICKHAM
African honeybees often described by the media as as many as 16 times a year while European honeybees
killer bees are established in Florida, and researchers say swarm about three times a year, he said. Once threatened,
the aggressive insects will eventually spread throughout the African honeybees will attack and pursue people and ani-
state and move into other areas of the Southeastern mals over long distances up to a quarter of a mile or more.
United States. Their venom is no stronger than venom from European
"The bees, which tend to sting in large numbers, have honeybees.
been found and stopped at various Florida ports over the The African honeybees invaded five Southwestern states
past decade, but now it looks like they're here to stay," said in the 1990s and have periodically turned up at Florida's
Glenn Hall, an associate professor of entomology at UF's deepsea ports since 1987, Hall said. Until recently, swarms
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. He said Florida's entering through ports such as Jacksonville, Miami and
warm climate is ideal for the bees, which could be bad news Tampa have been successfully captured in swarm traps
for the state's $20 million honey production industry, maintained by the Florida Department of Agriculture and
"If African honeybees become established in large num- Consumer Services.
bers over the next few years, they will affect the pollination "However, new finds in the Tampa area suggest that
of many crops," Hall said. "Public safety, recreation and tour- African honeybees are spreading and becoming established
ism may also be affected, leading to liability problems." in the state, and they are being found further inland from
Hall, a bee geneticist who developed DNA markers to the ports:' he said. "We did not believe that enough bees
identify African honeybees, said that they look the same as could arrive on ships to form an established population, but
European honeybees to the untrained eye. they did so in Puerto Rico and now appear to be doing the
African honeybees more aggressively defend their nests same in Florida."
than European honeybees. African honeybees may swarm
28 IMPACT I Fal 2005
He said the infestation around Tampa is still small, and Neither the European nor African race of honeybee is
the bees are not unusually aggressive. As isolated swarms native to the Americas, Hall said. The European honey-
enter one by one through the ports, daughter African queens bee (Apis mellifera) has been managed by commercial and
from the swarms have no choice but to mate with the res- hobby beekeepers worldwide for many centuries, selected
ident European male drones. Fortunately, the hybrid off- for desirable traits such as gentleness, honey produc-
spring are not as aggressive as their African parents, tion, tendency not to swarm, winter hardiness and disease
"Once the combination of hybrids and new introduc- resistance.
tions reaches a critical mass, bees of African descent will On the other hand, the African honeybee (Apis mellifera
likely start to mate with each other, resulting in more pure scutellata) is adapted for survival in Africa's harsh environ-
African-like characteristics," Hall said. ment where climate, predation and other factors have pro-
He said that the arrival of African honeybees was expected duced a hardy race, Hall said.
and should not be viewed with undue alarm at this time. In the 1950s, Brazilian scientists thought that bees from
"Concerns about the bees have been exaggerated, with tropical regions in Africa might thrive in South America's
some media and motion pictures portraying swarms tropical environment better than previously imported
of deadly, stinging insects invading cities," he said. European honeybees.
"Nevertheless, it's important to be aware. African honeybees "They were right:' Hall said. "Once the African honey-
have attacked and killed people and livestock in Africa, in bees were released in Brazil, they quickly spread through-
South and Central America, and in other states." out South and Central America, advancing up to 300 kilo-
There have been 14 fatalities in the United States, meters a year through the tropics into Mexico. It was only
and hundreds of nonfatal stinging incidents have a matter of time until the African honeybee population
been reported. reached the United States."
To the untrained eye, African (left) and European (right) honeybees look the same. The African honeybee (Apis mellifera scutellata) is adapted for survival in
Africa's harsh environment where climate, predation and other factors have produced a hardy race. The European honeybee (Apis mellifera) has been man-
aged by commercial and hobby beekeepers worldwide for many centuries, selected for desirable traits such as gentleness, honey production, tendency not to
swarm, winter hardiness and disease resistance. PHOTO BY JERRY HAYES
........ . ...
I IMPAcT I ail 2005 29
Movements of African honeybees have been tracked more stakeholders, is developing tools to protect the beekeeping
closely than any other invasive insect, he said. First detected industry and educate the public on how to learn to live with
in the southernmost counties of Texas in 1990, they quickly this potentially dangerous insect'.
spread to New Mexico, Arizona and California by 1993. The Honeybee Technical Council, established by Florida
Since then, they have invaded Nevada and Utah. statute to study beekeeping and make recommendations on
Now, all of the wild colonies of honeybees in these states changes to laws, met in July to discuss the status of African
are of African descent, making it difficult for beekeepers to honeybees in the state. At the meeting, the department
manage European honeybees and keep out African honey- presented evidence of the continuing crossbreeding hab-
bee genes. In areas colonized by African honeybees, regu- its, or hybridization, of African and European honeybees in
lar beekeeping operations with European honeybees are dis- Florida. African honeybee DNA was detected in 40 of 93
rupted and costs of management are increased, samples taken in early May from honeybee colonies in La
Because of urbanization in Florida, public fears over Belle, Fla. These African honeybees had been implicated in
African honeybees and increasing liability, apiary sites could a stinging incident of a horse earlier this year.
be more difficult to obtain in the future, Hall said. These Bronson said Florida has been surveying for the insect
concerns along with the marginal income from beekeep- over the past decade and established the nation's first
ing could discourage African honeybee detec-
beekeepers in the future. tion program. The pro-
That would decrease the gram involves placing
availability of bees and Wea v int co swarm traps in ports and
increase the price of rent- sn r of t in o educating ship crews and
ing bee colonies that are dockworkers to iden-
essential for the pollina- tify and report suspicious
tion of crops. swarms. Today, nearly
"Large populations of e e bu i ds fr l 500 traps are in place
European honeybees man- mr t manaea c n throughout the state,
aged by beekeepers are primarily in port areas,
probably our best defense e A wt es. along Interstate 10
against African honey- A l of 1u ansoml and on the Florida/
"bees:' Hall said. "The o cri- a Alabama border.
European honeybees com- Jerry Hayes, chief
pete with African hon- the a eite es of rof apiary inspec-
eybees for food sources. thi r fon tion for the depart-
When they interbreed i i e a sfo s ment's Division of
with the African honey- Plant Industry in
bees, the defensive sting- prsre or dis. Gainesville, said the
ing behavior of their off- J African honeybee
spring is reduced." problem is also linked
to commercial bee-
LEARNING TO LIVE
keepers who move their hives around the country for
WITH AFRICAN HONEYBEES pollination of crops and honey production.
In July 2005, Charles Bronson, commissioner of the "Colonies of managed European honeybees may be
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services moved into areas that are dominated by feral popula-
in Tallahassee, announced a public education program to tions of African honeybees, which allows these aggres-
address risks associated with the African honeybee problem sive bees to take over the managed colonies in a few
in the state. He said the department is working with UF's months:' Hayes said. "When these colonies are brought
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences on response and back to Florida for the winter, the Africanized bees come
control training for first responders and pest control opera- with them."
tors, and developing an Ag in the Classroom curriculum on He said Southwestern states, particularly Arizona,
safety matters related to African honeybees. California and Texas, can serve as examples for what liv-
"It has become clear that the African honeybee popula- ing with a hybridized honeybee in Florida might be like.
tion has grown and will continue to grow in Florida due to "In Florida, African honeybees are becoming well
its numerous pathways into the state and the lack of effec- adapted because of our climate and abundant plants,
tive eradication products or techniques:' Bronson said. "The flowers and agricultural crops:' Hayes said. "We feel that
department, in cooperation with other agricultural education is one of our most effective tools for
30 IMPACT Fall2005
dealing with potentially more defensive, hybridized honey- to be modified due to the increase of African honeybees,
bees. We already live with risks of insect bites from fire ants, Hayes said.
yellow jackets and other critters, and through public out- In case of an attack by a swarm of defensive African hon-
reach programs, we can learn to adapt to a hybridized hon- eybees, get away from the bees by going inside a building or
eybee population." car, or run in a zigzag pattern until the bees disperse (usually
He said European honeybee colonies are placed within no more than a quarter of a mile), Hayes said. In all cases,
20 feet of vegetable crops and co-exist peacefully with farm report swarms of defensive bees to local pest control compa-
workers. Because of their defensive nature, African honey- nies, emergency responders or the state's toll-free helpline
bee hives would need to be placed as far as 1,000 feet away number 888-397-1517. E
from farm workers. The Florida Department of Agriculture FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
and Consumer Services is working closely with the beekeep- GLENN HALL (352) 392-1901
ing industry to address how pollination practices will need firstname.lastname@example.org
JERRY HAYES (352) 372-3505
Jerry Hayes, standing next to a honeybee swarm trap used to identify and survey African honeybees, holds a vial containing a
chemical pheromone, or artificial scent, that attracts the insects to the traps. He says the Florida Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services has more than 500 traps in port locations and other areas where the bees are likely to enter the state and
become established. PHOTO BY THOMAS WRIGHT
SI I II i
UF's Suwannee Valley Livestock
"Waste Testing Laboratory in Live
Oak is helping change animal waste
into a valuable resource.
...... F-- -: .,
:o~~w i .: ... :
According to the "Poop Scoop" newsletter published
Z by UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences to help
farmers manage waste from thousands of dairy cows and
millions of chickens manure can be a good thing.
"We try to take a light-hearted view of the problem, but
managing all that waste to protect the environment is no
easy task;' says Cliff Starling, coordinator of nutrient man-
agement programs at UF's Suwannee Valley Livestock Waste
Testing Laboratory in Live Oak.
The lab, which is the first of its kind in the nation, serves
livestock producers throughout the state. In the environ-
mentally sensitive Suwannee River basin of North Florida,
there are about 25,000 dairy cows and 38 million chickens.
Statewide, there are about 142,000 dairy cows.
"After all the jokes about it, manure actually has a lot of
good things in it," Starling said. "These include valuable
organic matter and nutrients that can be applied to crops to
reduce fertilizer costs and protect water resources."
The price of fertilizer is increasing rapidly, and the goal
Sof the lab is to help change animal waste into a valuable
resource by analyzing it for different nutrients, he said.
Cow manure and chicken litter which contain valuable
plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium
can help farmers save money by reusing and recycling
nutrients. Use of animal waste may also lower production
costs by reducing the need for commercial fertilizer, he said.
*A In North Florida, careful application of manure to crops
also helps reduce the movement of nutrients into ground
and surface waters in the 13 counties that comprise the
Suwannee River Water Management District. Because of the
region's porous soils and active hydrology, every effort must
be taken to protect water resources from pollution by animal
wastes as well as human wastes and fertilizers, Starling said.
"In order to apply manure to crops at the proper rate,
farmers need to know what levels of nutrients are present
in the waste, and our lab can provide them with that infor-
mation:' he said. "The actual nutrient concentration in
manures may vary from one livestock operation to another,
.;.... depending on the animal feed, season of the year and design
of the waste collection system."
...... ... John and Doug Carter, father and son owners of C&C
.. .i .. .. .. Farms in McAlpin, Fla., said they rely on the lab to test
chicken litter for various nutrients.
"By having the lab test our poultry waste for nutrients,
we know what rates and amounts to apply to crops such as
corn, hay, oats and sorghum'," John Carter said. "As a result,
we have been able to reduce our fertilizer costs by about
Starling said manure should be sampled at the lab before
each field application is made, or at least twice a year, pref-
erably in winter and late summer to measure seasonal nutri-
ent variations in the waste. The free lab service is provided
by UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
IMPACT I Fall 2005 33
Cliff Starling (left) and John Carter
discuss fertilizer requirements for
silage corn. By having the lab test
poultry waste for nutrients that
benefit crops such as corn, hay, oats
and sorghum, C&C Farms has reduced
fertilizer costs by about g9 percent.
PHOTO BY JOSH WICKHAM
"Our lab report, which takes about two or three weeks to includes local, state and federal government agencies that
prepare, provides detailed information that can be used in are helping farmers develop strategies for monitoring and
the overall nutrient management program of any farm oper- managing waste and fertilizer in the basin.
action Starling said. "In addition to providing the analyt- Nitrogen, phosphorus and other nutrients in waste can
ical results and nutrient availability estimates, the report degrade water quality in rivers and springs, causing algae
includes fertilizer recommendations for the selected crop as blooms that consume oxygen needed by fish and other
well as supplemental nutrients that are needed and the eco- aquatic animals. High nitrogen levels can also affect
nomic value of the waste being utilized." human health.
To use the lab's services, farmers can contact their local George Hochmuth, director of the UF research and edu-
county extension agent to discuss their manure manage- cation center in Live Oak, said the partnership is being
ment system and arrange for waste samples to be analyzed. coordinated by the Florida Department of Agriculture
In addition to coordinating the lab's nutrient management and Consumer Services and the Suwannee River Water
programs, Starling conducts education programs, workshops Management District in cooperation with UF, the U.S.
and tours for farmers and other residents who want to uti- Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation
lize organic wastes on crops, pastures and pine trees. Service, the Florida Department of Environmental
He said many conditions affect the use of wastes on crops. Protection, the Florida Farm Bureau and other agencies,
Nitrogen, for example, is the most abundant nutrient in agricultural producers and related associations.
waste, and the nutrient must be broken down by microor- For more information on the Suwannee Valley Livestock
ganisms in the soil before it can be used by plants. This pro- Waste Testing Laboratory, visit http://nfrec-sv.ifas.ufl.edu f
cess called mineralization is affected by the type of soil FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
as well as soil moisture, soil temperature and microbial pop- CLIFF STARLING (386) 364-4029
ulations. As the temperature increases during the summer, cell (386) 208-9522
microbial activity increases. cwstarling@ ifas.ufl.edu
All of these environmental factors are considered by the GEORGE HOCHMUTH (850) 875-7100
livestock waste testing lab, which is located at UF's North email@example.com
Florida Research and Education Center. The center also JOHN AND DOUG CARTER (386) 362-6155
cell (386) 590-7808
works closely with the Suwannee River Partnership, which cell (386) 590-7808
34 IMPACT Fall 2005
FARM to FORK
by Chuck Woods
a .'r a il f. resI. 3rd 1.- h P.--r.n -
th la l r r t-, h .r I -idw, .e ,, f ih
affordable p Aricn tri es.s
The new center conducts research
and education on the entire fooad dis-
rean emphasis on perishable food prod-
ucts tsuch as re I sh produce, meat. r, fh
dir 1 ctor fk t ctnter at Us stitute r s
improving packaging design and devel-
affordable price aes. h s r-
Theoping new center chnologies snduch as reseadio rch
een d entication on e entire food prod-
uctrs ito repacethin fro far teo fork, w
en it hasioes to perishable food r
products which praccount for half ofish
all retail foods, sales high losses trans-echt,
"ltre ito or othieenter aproits th t aere rue t is robab aitaii the ioration or the food industry con
about ai.4 percent' Brecht said same high quality for other products in summers and students. Particiat
ithe oretai price reraesnigs h amount "Hode er, keeping ts 'reshness biological en giricng; an iml sci-
paid to growers' he said. "The balance image' requires an inventory turn- ences; family, youth and community
covers marketing newand technologies such as ration as over of almost 50 percent each day sciences; food and resource econom-
real opquencyportunities for imcation proving the after the meat and fish sectionsprod- tion; horticultural sciences and plant
prcess from growers toce the current bar codves of As a result, the average lost revenue pathology.
all retail storeod for a fresh produce section in a super- ean-Pierre Emond, an associatesales high losses trans-
"Onlate into razor-thin profitbest ways format a retailerage produce, it is prabout $200,000 per year, profesormati of agor cultural andustry, biologi-
about 1.4 percent," Brecht said. same high quality for other products in summers and students. Participating UF
"to keep or gain market share is by pre-nt of the said Brecht, who is also hortagricultural cal engineering and co-director of the
setting a perfect produesents the amount "However, keeping this 'freshness biological engineering;ssor. UF center, said their advisory boardmal sci-
paid to growershe said. The balanpositive image gives custom- The interdisciplan inary enter, which includes; family, executives frand om major super-unity
covers a better perception of the overall includes scientiof almost 50 percent each day sciences; food and resource econom-ld, Publix
requality opporf the businitiess for improving the after the ments working in cooperation and Waho-Marticultural sciences and plant in
"In the minds of many customers, with major national food distributors research support commitments have
if the store provides high-quality fresh and retailers, generates research-based already been received from firms such
36 IMPACT Fall 2005
as Franwell Inc. in Plant City, Fla.; able to have the cost of all their Lakeland, Fla., said the UF center is
Ingersoll-Rand Co. Ltd., in Bridgeton, purchases totaled electronically in a "a valuable partner providing a unique
Mo.; and IPL Inc. in Quebec, Canada. matter of seconds"' level of expertise that is not readily
"While the primary focus is the The tags contain a microchip and a available to our industry. It will help us
Florida food distribution and retail- tiny antenna that send the price and improve overall quality and service to
ing industry, the UF center will have other information about the product to our customers."
an impact on the worldwide indus- a computer. In the future, the technol- Jeff Wells, president and chief exec-
try," Emond said. "The center will also ogy will allow products to be tracked utive officer of Franwell Inc., said its
introduce new concepts in food dis- through every stage of the supply relationship with the new food dis-
tribution and retailing at the under- chain, recording temperature, shock tribution and retailing center is an
graduate and graduate levels as well and other conditions during shipping, important strategic alliance.
as through continuing education Emond said. "The center provides a platform
programs. "We are working closely with the for our retailing customers who are
"Outreach efforts will target the industry to help them adopt these new competitors to collaborate in solv-
entire food industry, ranging from technologies to limit losses and make ing difficult problems that affect us
growers and packers to shippers and further improvements in freshness, all" he said. "This shared cooperation
transportation services as well as ware- quality and safety": Emond said. would not be possible outside the cen-
house operators, wholesalers and He said 40 percent of the perish- ter, which provides a framework for
retailers." able produce from Central and South research on neutral ground for all
He said radio frequency identifi- America enters the United States its members"'
cation -or RFID is one of the hot- through Florida, making the state a o L IORMAION. CO ACP:
test new technologies in the distribu- logical site for the new center. Because JEFFREY BRECHT (352) 392-1928
tion and retailing industry, and it will of the rapid globalization of agricul- firstname.lastname@example.org
eventually make bar codes on products tural trade, the center is expected to JEAN-PIERRE EMOND (352) 392-1864
obsolete, become a valuable source of informa- email@example.com
"RFID tags will revolutionize the tion for food distribution. SCOTT CHARLTON (863) 284-5562
checkout counter," Emond said. Scott Charlton, senior vice presi- firstname.lastname@example.org
"Instead of waiting for individual food dent of manufacturing and distribu- EFF WELLS (813) 752-7952
items to scanned, customers will be tion at Publix Supermarkets Inc. in email@example.com
PHOTO BY THOMAS WRIGHT
leadership of the college and will From 1980 to 1996, Barrick was
significantly advance its strategic goals a faculty member at The Ohio State
in the coming years. University, where he was appointed
"Kirby Barrick is an outstanding chairman of the department of agricul-
teacher and scholar," Cheek said. "He tural education and assistant director
has an impressive record of leadership of OSU extension for the university's
in advancing educational and research 4-H Youth Development Program.
programs wherever he has served. Barrick has authored 116 jour-
"As a department chair at Ohio State nal articles, secured more than $5.8
University, Dr. Barrick successfully million in grants and contracts and
BARRICK LEADS COLLEGE combined agricultural education and chaired 20 graduate committees. He
OF AGRICULTURAL AND LIFE communications and rural sociology, received bachelor's, master's and doc-
Arestructured the faculty and focused toral degrees in agricultural education
SCIENCES the research agenda,' he said. "As asso- from Ohio State.
R. Kirby Barrick, former associ- ciate dean at Illinois, he made signifi- Among his numerous awards,
ate dean for academic programs in the cant improvements to the undergradu- Barrick has received the Ohio State
College of Agricultural, Consumer, ate and graduate education programs, College of Food, Agricultural and
and Environmental Sciences at the including the development of a stra- Environmental Sciences Distinguished
University of Illinois at Urbana- tegic plan for moving the college Alumni Award and the Distinguished
Champaign, is the new dean of UF's forward." Educator Award from the National
College of Agricultural and Life Barrick has held the associate dean Association of Colleges and Teachers
Sciences. position at the University of Illinois of Agriculture. He has been named a
In announcing the appointment, since 1996. He was also a professor Fellow in the American Association for
which became effective Aug. 25, of agricultural education in the uni- Agricultural Education. U
Jimmy Cheek, UF senior vice president versity's Department of Human and R. KIRBY BARRICK (352) 392-1961
for agriculture and natural resources, Community Development. firstname.lastname@example.org
said Barrick will provide visionary
MCLELLAN new $10 million National Center for Electron Beam
LEADS Food Research:.
Cheek said McLellan has also demonstrated leadership
RESEARCH abilities as president of the 28,000-member Institute of
PROGRAM Food Technologists, a nonprofit scientific society with an
annual budget of $17 million.
hlark During the search process, McLellan laid out a vision for
"McLellan, former future research at UF that combines traditional agricul-
director of Texas tural research with environmental stewardship and natural
A&M University's resource management as well as research on food, diet and
Institute of Food human health.
Science and "UF offers one of the most exciting opportunities to
Engineering, is the new dean for research and director of build an agricultural research program for the 21st century
the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station at UF's Institute based on relevance, expanded directions and partnerships":'
of Food and Agricultural Sciences. McLellan said.
In announcing the appointment, which became effective Prior to arriving at Texas A&M in 1999, McLellan served
June 28, Jimmy Cheek, UF senior vice president for agricul- as associate director and director of Cornell University's
ture and natural resources, said McLellan is an outstanding Institute of Food Science and chairman of Cornell's
food scientist and administrator. Department of Food Science and Technology.
"At Texas A&M University, Mark McLellan significantly He received a bachelor's degree in food science from
improved the effectiveness of their research and education the University of Massachusetts, and master's and doctoral
program, and increased its extramural funding":' Cheek said. degrees in food science from Michigan State University. U
"He also led the effort to create and build the university's MARK MCLELLAN (352) 392-1784
38 IMPACT I Fal 2005
his doctoral degree in agricultural and extension education at
Pennsylvania State University.
Sandra Wilson, an associate professor of environmental hor-
ticulture at UF's Indian River Research and Education Center
in Fort Pierce, received the award for her outstanding educa-
tion programs in environmental horticulture and innovation
Wilson, who teaches five courses in environmental horti-
culture and has authored more than 70 articles for scientific
and trade journals, has attracted nearly $900,000 in teaching
and research grants. One grant was used to develop a virtual
NACTA TEACHER FELLOW AWARDS greenhouse that includes interactive multimedia modules for
Two faculty members in UF's College of Agricultural and education.
Life Sciences Nick Place and Sandra Wilson received Wilson, who joined the UF/IFAS faculty in 1999, has a doc-
Teacher Fellow Awards from North American Colleges and toral degree in plant physiology from Clemson University. She
Teachers of Agriculture (NACTA) during the organization's also completed postdoctoral programs at Clemson and Chiba
annual conference in Wooster, Ohio, June 17. University in Japan. Her bachelor's and master's degrees in
Place, an associate professor in the agricultural education animal and plant science are from the University of Delaware.
and communication department in Gainesville, was selected NACTA is a professional society that promotes, recognizes
for the award because of his excellent teaching program. In and rewards excellence in teaching agriculture and related
addition to presenting courses in extension education, inter- areas at the postsecondary level in North America. Members
national extension, adult education, administration and super- of NACTA are from two-year and four-year colleges, both pub-
vision, Place is the department's graduate coordinator and lic and private. a
organizes new faculty orientation for the UF extension service. NICK PLACE (352) 392-0502
A UF faculty member since August 1999, Place completed email@example.com
his bachelor's degree in dairy science at Delaware Valley SANDRA WILSON (772) 468-3922
College. He earned his master's degree in animal science and firstname.lastname@example.org
his master's degree in the same disci- He said Sapp has been a strong sup-
pline in 1949, received the award from porter of UF entomology and nematol-
l Jimmy Cheek, UF senior vice president ogy programs, including the establish-
for agriculture and natural resources, ment in 1999 of a $1 million endowed
during August ceremonies at the UF distinguished professorship in urban
Foundation in Gainesville. Sapp and his and structural pest control. The endow-
DISTINGUISHED wife, Margie, were honored during a ment supports the work of Phil Koehler,
special dinner program at the founda- a professor of entomology who over-
ALUMNUS AWARD tion's Emerson Hall. sees UF's Urban Pest Management
Dec!i pe, Sapp, a pioneer in Florida's "Over the years, we have recog- Laboratory.
$ 2 bhll, m pest control industry, has nized many outstanding graduates Upon graduation in 1949, Sapp
been honored with the Distinguished from the College of Agricultural and started Florida Pest Control & Chemical
Alumnus Award from the University of Life Sciences, but the Distinguished Company, which is now one of the larg-
Florida for his achievements and con- Alumnus Award is reserved for those est pest control companies in the state.
tributions to the industry, state and whose achievements and contributions U
students, to UF have made an enormous differ- D.R. SAPP, JR. (352) 376-2611
Sapp, 83, who completed his bache- ence in our statewide teaching, research email@example.com
lor's degree in entomology in 1947 and and extension programs" Cheek said. PHIL KOEHLER (352) 392-2484
IMPACT I Fall 2005 39
Service, USDA Natural Resources restoring natural areas. In addition
"Conservation Service, Federal to persons that volunteer community
Highway Administration, and National service, Master Naturalists include
Oceanographic and Atmospheric teachers, park rangers, ecotourism
Administration. guides, elected officials and many oth-
"Martin Main is at the forefront ers that are taking this program for its
of efforts to protect America's valu- educational content to further their
able aquatic resources," said Benjamin professional goals."
Grumbles, assistant administrator for Because of the program, many grad-
water at EPA in Washington, D.C. who uates have obtained new jobs, received
presented the award. "His leadership, career advancements and gained con-
talent and commitment have helped tinuing education credits, Main said.
MAIN RECEIVES NATIONAL realize the challenging goal that we "Most importantly, graduates of the
S WETLANDS AWARD have established of moving beyond program help build a stronger conser-
no net loss' to achieving an overall vation ethic among Florida citizens
Martin Main, an associate professor increase in the nation's wetlands." and visitors by sharing their enthusi-
of wildlife ecology and conservation at Nat Frazer, chairman of UF's wild- asm for the world in which we live,"
UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural life ecology and conservation depart- he said.
Sciences, received the 2005 National ment, said Main's Florida Master Main, based at UF's Southwest
Wetlands Award for Education and Naturalist Program is the most rigor- Florida Research and Education
Outreach during May 18 ceremonies ous, detailed and challenging program Center in Immokalee, joined the
in Washington, D.C. of its kind in the country. The program UF faculty in 1996. He has a bache-
The National Wetlands Awards pro- has produced 1,500 trained Master lor's degree in biology from Central
gram honors people who demonstrate Naturalists in the first three years. The Michigan University, a master's degree
extraordinary effort, innovation and Master Naturalists have provided more in biological oceanography from the
excellence in wetland conservation, than 25,000 hours of volunteer service Florida Institute of Technology and
research or education through pro- and have reached over 250,000 people, a doctorate in wildlife science from
grams at the regional, state or "Graduates of the program represent Oregon State University.
local level, a grassroots coalition of informed and The Environmental Law Institute
Initiated in 1989, the pro- enthusiastic individuals who are moti- is an independent, nonprofit research
gram is co-sponsored by the vated by their educational achieve- and educational organization based in
Environmental Law Institute, U.S. ment," Main said. "These individuals Washington, D.C. E
Environmental Protection Agency, get involved in their local commu- MARTIN MAIN (239) 658-3400
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. nities by volunteering at nature cen- firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Agriculture Forest ters, speaking to schoolchildren and
GLOBAL goat industry in the United States. He also wants to work with
GATORS other nations to improve their goat farming industries.
"Florida does not have a large goat industry, so I jumped at
Thanks to the the opportunity to go to Brazil, which has one of the largest
SGl.bal Gators" goat farming industries in the world," Kahan said. "In addition
pran' ir, to taking a course on goat farming, I worked with the universi-
UF's College of ty's research and extension program."
Agricultural and Kahan, who is minoring in Spanish, said he was able to
Life Sciences quickly learn Portuguese because the languages are similar. He
(CALS), Tyrell said the experience allowed him to learn about Brazil's vibrant
Kahan recently culture, including their annual Carnaval celebration.
spent six months His travel was supported by a $2,700 grant from UF's Natural
in Brazil, where he Resources Exchange Program, which also makes it possi-
learned about goat farming and conducted research on ble for Brazilian exchange students to attend UF's College of
the animals. Agricultural and Life Sciences.
Kahan, a senior from Yalaha, Fla., majoring in animal sci- Kahan's student activities at UF include participating in
ence, visited the Universidade Federal de Vicosa in Brazil from the Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related
January to June 2005. When Kahan graduates from UF in 2006, Sciences Society (MANRRS). He is also a member of the
he plans to attend UF's College of Veterinary Medicine so that National Society of Collegiate Scholars, the Golden Key Honor
he can pursue a career that includes research on goats and the Society and the CALS Ambassadors outreach program. U
TYRELL KAHAN (352) 871-3996
40 IMPACT I Fall 2005
ing in Providence, a 32-team bracket, won six consecutive
R.I., the UF games, never losing a round during
team also won the tournament.
the Outstanding The questions were divided into
Chapter Award, eight categories: microeconomics,
presented by the resources/policy, macroeconomics,
national organi- agricultural business/finance, market-
zation in recog- ing, management, quantitative, and
nition of the best potpourri (a mix from the other seven
student chapter categories).
in the nation. Other UF students participating
UF WINS "QUIz BOWL" Students in the competition included Michael
AGAIN! on UF's winning team are (above, Curtis, a senior from Alachua; Timothy
from left) Dusty Bass, a senior from Levis Johnson, a senior from Live Oak;
For the fourth consecutive year, a Williston, Fla.; Kevin Johnson, a senior Gary Schaefer, a senior from Plant
team of students from UF's College from Tampa; and David Ortega, a City; Jason Beutke, a sophomore from
of Agricultural and Life Sciences won senior from Maracaibo, Venezuela. Alachua; and Alicia Taylor, a sopho-
the annual North American Academic James Sterns (right), an assistant more from Myakka City.
Quiz Bowl competition at the national professor with UF's Institute of Food During the meeting, AAEA also
meeting of the American Agricultural and Agricultural Sciences and fac- recognized Lisa House, an associate
Economics Association. ulty advisor to the students, said the professor in UF's food and resource
The undergraduate team from the 2005 double-elimination tourna- economics department, as the orga-
food and resource economics depart- ment involved 31 teams, with students nization's Outstanding Teacher of the
ment has won the national compe- participating from 18 schools in the Year for 2005. E
tition five times during the past six United States and Canada. He said the JAMES STERNS (352) 392-1826
years. At the July 2005 AAEA meet- championship UF team, competing in email@example.com
DEVRIES Cheek also said that UF is fortunate to have many gener-
LEADS ous alumni and friends who support statewide IFAS teach-
DEVELOP- ing, research and extension programs. When it comes to
developing private support, IFAS has consistently been one
MENT of UF's top two or three units.
PROGRAM For the last four years, DeVries was associate vice pres-
ident for development at Western Michigan University in
Kern reth Kalamazoo, where he supervised the university's major gift
DeVi n, is program, planned giving services, and corporate and foun-
-lie nv-. assis- dation relations. As a licensed attorney, he practiced law in
tant vice presi- Michigan and Illinois for more than 10 years before getting
dent for SHARE into the development field. He has more than 16 years of
(Special Help experience in development work.
for Agricultural "Private support through gifts of your time, talents and
Research and Education) development, the private support treasures truly provides the margin of excellence for our stu-
program at UF's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. dents, academic programs, and research and extension facil-
In announcing the appointment, which became effec- ities," DeVries said. "I look forward to working with our sup-
tive June 27, Jimmy Cheek, UF senior vice president for agri- porters as we continue the great SHARE traditions of the
culture and natural resources, said DeVries' experience and past and explore new opportunities for the future."
leadership in university development will be a valuable asset DeVries earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Western
in UF's upcoming capital campaign, which begins later Michigan University and his Juris Doctor from Thomas M.
this year. Cooley Law School in Lansing, Mich.
"Ken's extensive background in deferred and estate gift He replaces Eugene Trotter, former assistant vice presi-
planning as an attorney, his fundraising experiences and suc- dent for SHARE, who died in November 2004. E
cesses, his reputation in dealing with alumni and his com- KENNETH DEVRIES (352) 392-1975
munications skills will serve IFAS well," Cheek said. "Ken is firstname.lastname@example.org
key to our future success."
IMPACT I Fall 2005 41
Louis E. "Red" Larson and his wife, Reda.
PHOTO BY MARISOL AMADOR
ENDOWMENTS RECOGNIZE DAIRY LEADER
Louis E. "Red" Larson's longtime leadership in Florida's A $1 million gift will create an endowment to provide
dairy industry is being recognized by his four children, who support for the Faculty Challenge Initiative, which will pro-
are establishing three endowments at UF's Institute of Food vide support for faculty and students in the animal sciences
and Agricultural Sciences. department.
The $1.5 million gift, announced Nov. 5 at the College The initiative, which was announced last year by UF
of Agricultural and Life Sciences' annual "Tail Gator" rally President Bernie Machen, aims to raise $150 million to
prior to the Florida-Vanderbilt football game in Gainesville, meet the demands of educating Florida's growing popu-
has prompted UF officials to name a building in Larson's lation and make UF one of the nation's premier research
honor. UF's dairy science building will now be known as the universities.
L.E. "Red" Larson Dairy Science Building. Red Larson, owner and president of Larson Dairy Inc. in
In announcing the endowments and building dedica- Okeechobee, Fla., has been a dairy farmer for more than 57
tion, Jimmy Cheek, UF senior vice president for agricul- years. His farm covers 10,000 acres and includes more than
ture and natural resources, thanked the Larson family for 6,000 cows that produce 45,000 gallons of milk daily.
the generous gift and said it will enhance teaching, research In October, Larson received the Southeast Farmer of
and extension programs in dairy science and the 4-H Youth the Year Award at the annual Lancaster-Sunbelt Expo in
Development Program. Moultrie, Ga. The Southeast region includes farmers in
"The Larson children, with deep roots in Florida agri- Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina,
culture and strong family ties, have chosen to honor their South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. His other hon-
dad in a very special way," Cheek said. "Red Larson and his ors include being elected to the Florida Agricultural Hall of
wife, Reda, are the proud parents of four children Woody, Fame, Dairy Hall of Fame and Alumni of Distinction in UF's
Barbara, Kathy and John who have chosen to make a sig- College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, and being named
nificant gift in their father's honor. Thanks to their generos- Dairyman of the Century. E CHUCK WOODS
ity, three separate endowments are being
established in UF's Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences." '. '
The sons, John Larson and Woody : ..
Larson, operate their own dairy farm busi- .-
nesses in Okeechobee. The daughters,
Kathy Cooley and Barbara Stuart, reside in
Ocala and Orlando, respectively.
Melda Bassett, senior director of devel-
opment at the University of Florida
Foundation Inc., said a $300,000 gift will
create an endowment to support teach-
ing, research and extension programs, and a
$200,000 gift will create an endowment to
support UF's statewide 4-H program.
42 IMPACT I Fall 2005
The IFAS Development program serves as the central fundraising effort to secure
private support for the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences in partnership with the University of Florida Foundation Inc. Charitable
gifts provide the "margin of excellence" for IFAS academic programs, research and
facilities. We greatly value the faithful support and commitment of our IFAS alumni,
4 friends and corporate partners.
How GIFTS ARE USED
All gifts designated for IFAS are payable to the University of Florida Foundation and
are generally tax-deductible. Your gift may support any IFAS academic program or fac-
ulty initiative, student scholarships, specific research or provide enhanced facilities or
S equipment. Permanent named endowed funds may also be established to ensure long-
term stable funding for any project or program.
MATCHING GIFT PROGRAMS
SThe state of Florida may provide matching dollars for endowment gifts. It is also
good to check with employers, who may match your contribution. Please complete
a matching gift form provided by your employer's benefits office and enclose it along
with your gift.
WAYS TO GIVE
There are several ways to help support IFAS students, faculty and programs.
Cash Stocks (especially appreciated stocks)
Real Estate (residential or farmland) o Life Insurance (new or existing policy)
Life Income Gifts (charitable
remainder trusts, annuities, retained
life estates and retirement planning)
[ My gift of $ is enclosed and designated for:
[ Please have an IFAS Development representative contact me.
[ Please send me more information on how to make a deferred gift through my estate plan.
[ I/We have already included IFAS in my/our estate plan, but have not previously informed you.
City: State: Zip:
Mail to: IFAS Development Office 1001 McCarty Hall P.O. Box 110170 Gainesville, FL 32611-0170
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
KEN DEVRI ES, assistant vice president, email@example.com TRAVIS G RANTHAM, director of development, firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone (352) 392-1975 Fax (352) 392-5115 Web site: http://share.ifas.ufl.edu
IMPACT I Fall 2005 43
UNIVERSITY OF NON-PROFIT ORG.
FLORIDA U.S. POSTAGE PAID
PERMIT NO. 94
IFAS GAINESVILLE, FL
SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT
AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
The University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
PO Box 110180
Gainesville, FL 32611-0180
"FLO RID YARDS
ON BOB VILA TV
H. one inpro)\ement guru Bob ila i'right I and
-lAngla Pol. discuss storm-lesistant landscaping
at a netn home that "was featured on Vila's popular
"Homne Again television program in Novemnber
2005. Polo, "who is the Florida Yards and Neighboi hoods builder and developer coor-
dinator at UF's Saiasota County Extension Service. promotes enviion mentally friendly\
landscaping in Charlotte. Manatee and Sarasota counties.
Polo said the home demonstration project in Punta Gorda. Fla.. uses nine prin-
ciples ieconiri ended by Florida Yards and Neighborhoods, the Southwest Florida
Water Management District and other participating organizations. These principles
include putting the tight plant in the right place. installing efficient irrigation, appl,-
ing mulch. recycling \aid waste, pioper fertilization. responsible management of yard
pests, reducing storm waterr runoff, attracting % wildlife and protecting the waterfront.
Florida Vaids and Neighborhoods is an extension education program offered b\ UF's
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. \ila graduated from UF in 1969. PHOTO BY
sex sexl r ientltlon rlta.ll saulll 0ll0l"I gi, poiticI o p n or aIi li s If ti o cation i i iai atssilit
S '0 000.f~eu or cotc A Comncto .ervces 0.vrst 5' 0 lria 00 Bo 1180, '5 Gan .'ile FL 361080.IS '074.''350.