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bri Deription and hitorical Ac-
S";" *, ,. .. : .iL
A brief DefCription and hifforical Ace
cunt of te Carjbbee Iflands in North
America and their prefent State.
.. a -
T may perhaps, feem superfluous to The inhabitants eat a.gof very.large HERRRIt
fome perfons, that I here add this lizards, whofe fl 9h is delfcious, as alfo tor-
acoQmPt of the Caribbee iflands, in re- toifes of a prodigious bulk.
guardd there has been much writ of them They know nothing of ice, fnow or hail,
"already, both in, rench and Englib ; but but there are frequent hurricanes and earth.
I, muft defire any fach firft to read, be- quakes, but for which they would be iery
fore they pafs their cenfure, for in compar- delightful.places, by reafon of the perpetual
ng this with-other relations. they will find verdure, and are healthy enough when peo-
here are many things which other writers pie are once feafon'd to the climate ; efpew
have not taken notice of, .and which are cially in Barb does, Martinico, Guadalupe
of ufe and inftruftion. I hall not go and St. Chrifopher, the heats are not reck-
about to prepoffefs the reader any farther, on'd to be. much greater than.in the fourhern
but leave him to the liberty of his own parts of Frge,. ,
judgment.- There :are no enclof4d towns in..thefe structures
y whom The Carilbbee iflands, by the French cal- iflands, .except Bridge-Town in Barbadoes1
bitcd. led Antilles, lye in a bow, from the coaft of and Cul de Sac Royal in Martinico bit there
Paria to St. John de Puerto Rico, and are are fome villages, or boroughs. HoweVer
at present inhabited by four federal nations, the planters generally build their houfes a-
The firft being the original natives, who bout the country of timber, and cover them
..are Canibals or man eaters, from whomthe with palmito leaves, .or barks of trees.
iflands have their general name; the others The houfes of fome governors are built of
are French, Englifh, Danes and Dutch, whq ftone or brick, like caftless and- of late
have fettled on them fince the year 1625. fome factors and planters build after the-
as hall beobferv'd hereafter, and fince then fame manner.
are grown very numerous. The French are There are federal forts, redoubts and Forts.
poffefs'd -of eight of them, viz. Defeada, batteries on the coats, generally fenc'd
Granada, Martinico, Guadalupe, Santa Lu. round with double palifadoes.
cia, Marigalante, St. Bartholomew and San- In moft of the French iflands they ufewater Mills.
ta Cruz, besides part of St. Martin with the or horfe-mills for their fugar ; but in Bar-
Dutch, as they had alfo part of St. Chrifto- badoes the Englij/ generally have wind-mills.
pher with the Englijh, which is now yield- The Indians, whom the Europeans there
ed up by the treaty of Utrecht. The Eng- call favages, live in large hues, whereof ian vil.
lifh are .matters of Barbada, Monferratte,. there are twenty or thirty together in fome lages.
Redonda, Nieves, Antigua, Barbouda, An- places, and thefe villages they call Carbets.
guila, and now all St. Chriftopber, as by the Thefe natives are bloody and inhuman man
treaty abovemention'd. The Dutch have eaters, and as fuch were dreaded by the in,
Saba, St. Euftacbius, and part of St. Mar- habitants of the great iflands of Cuba, Hif-
tin with the French, and had formerly Ta- paniola and Jamaica, who were harmlefs
bago, which they have abandoned by rea- people, and on whom they prey'd, com-
fon of the wars. The Danes are fettled on ing over in their piraguas or great canoes
St. Thomas, next the eaft fide of St. John and carrying off many of them to devour.
de Puerto Rico. The Caribbes, or Canibals The Spaniards having fuch a vaft extent of
remain poffefs'd of the reft. land to fubdue, as is from the north of
Prodna. The air in thefe iflands is somewhat hot- Mexico to the fourth of Chili, never had
ter than in the great ones ofHifpaniola, Cu- leifure to think of thefe inconfiderable
ha, &c. The foil is not altogether fo fruit-- iflands, at which they only touched fome-
ful, tho' it produces plenty of Indian wheat, times for frelh water, and fet ashore on them
yu.ca, fugar, tobacco, indigo, cacao, man- fome Iwine, which in procefs of time mul-
dioca, potatoes, ananas, accajou, lemons, tiply'd prodigiously. Besides, there Indians
citrons, oranges both four and of a fort be- being, as has been faid, Canibals or man
tween Sevil and China, of a very fragrant eaters, all fuch as they could take of them
) fcent. Sugar, tobacco and indigo are fo they fold as flaves,.
plentiful in fome of thefe iflands, that they About the latter end of the fixteerth
are commonly ufed by way of barter for and the beginning of the feventeench cei>
other neceffaries, instead of money. tury, the Englifj and French begun to fhew
VoL. V. 8 A them-
,e ..... ... ca/lil J...ll ..au.. il la p
6fA. arJ.. r*
,Y a L
J7 Yato .7010n, & 9t'& Lq, .*;F *faednrdw
,,... .Prorp cck t 3wt a, n 4 ort Pr tny Xt *'Pmel my29::@ M
yt,,,, u plc a ternhCar ieer fo:America, dn wtofrone the'Road- call le lu t :'f ./? "
S..he CAA,-cb-a I e one theu rn, rib
7 h Rvra'd 70-rty "Pele- Or at NNE2--atePefte5 aldl oilg
'he~tountaitt., La _Tjje_,' IZ elsawof M ru 9.anecs