= -. ..1. .- -
A. A nC
,Ad PM R COL 7 -S
Sand4 Aa V ions ..
t A't L'.
CHRT OPHER COL US,
Lif5 a.n Adioris
^ F T -
lS" QV E IS D
.. A- *" '. .
The NEW WORLD,
Now in Poffeffion of his Catkolick Majft.
Written by hk own Son D. Ferdinand Columbus,.
e ^fM iS jrrY:" I "
Being q Son of O Ab a PerSh worthy of Eternal M-I
wory, ao6 dfowvered the Weft Indies; and having my feffaid with him /moe time, it
femn'd to me but afonable, that among other things I have writ, one and the chiefeft
should be A Life, and won&*rfty of ts Weit-Indies, or fN Vor ; beaqf
his great and Atyd I4; # Di/? rdl *dr noRIlow him
#$*me to #frm 4 H 4 oo a f eory i here were
many other who bad trtempted thi* Work, I forbore, till reading their Books I found in them
that which ia ufual among Hifmrians, viz. That they magnify fore things, lefen other, and
femetimes pafs that over iu fjlene, which they o (gt p give a very particular Account of. For
thi reafon I refWlved to undergo the labour of this Taks thinking it better Ijhuld lie under the
aenfure my Ski and Prefumption ball be fubze 'to than to fufer tpy Tryth qf whoa rglatei
o 4 ;MNbbt ^ so lie buried IA .AIiuda. Ei i^ H4 Cemf/rty 7a4 jftaanyf f*t &
fou n th ms undertafnrg, it il t be that, which nuf It t trians ate lirble to, V.
bhat thy know not the truth of what thy write ; for I propmjfe to Compofe the Hiftory of hi
Lif, ofy fuh matter only a I find in M i own Pafers and etters, and of thofe Paffages tf
which I my elf was an Eye wtnef:. And whrPfever hatf imagine, that 1 add any thing of
my own may be afafr' I am atifled4 I can reap no benefit thereby in the Infe to come and
that the Ra4P aloW wiE t l hn t bent wf its, fit^ e abisa efYIzug an
The Autr having given this Account of bhie I hav net muh to a4 but to iforn
the leader before he enters upon the Wor S that in ithe, I find ll the Ieafons which induced
the Admiral to fuch an undertaking; he ill fee bow far he proceeded in Per/fn upon the Ds
cover in fear federal Vyages be made ; how Great and Honourable the Article were, uron
which ;b .trdryn thr D:frovn, and wlijb wr afteiwar* copfir d-to e him tkohef tw
famrous rinces9 ing Ferdl. and nwnd A It ber 1lzabe ; hfw ly thy were ai W
lad; and he,#fr fifud unard'd A;ices, mofjnhumanly heated swfar hefisled 'he 4
fairs of the Jiitiftpaniola, the fir/I place the Spaniards Planted in; what care he took that
ihe Indians should not be opprep'd, but rather b& good Jfqge and Example, prevailed upon to
embrace the Catholick Faith; alfo the Cuafos and ?Mansers of the Indians ; their Opinions
and PraRice a: to Religious WorJhap ; and in a Word, all that can be owefed in a WFrk of
th nature, the FPndation whrs f wes laid Aio grea Maf n a was 7.he Admwiral, and fini.
ed by his own S*n who had a41 the Bducation that e ild contribute i mak him capable of
writing f notable a Ljfe.
1 .a I P
*ie >,p .. v- .-
r -, *
.. ,* s '
OPV COL MVE Li
T h if
; ...- -. aJ A
Of o' m Adm I
"T ig a ry tel Pit in the M that was pL'orm d *An 6^ *T V o
CUR iT7 P CobeOLS MBUSai
a-. --i -T C i e
"" .. .. -* : ... .
1 .h i ,, i l I^ t_ ,
SCH P.. i
SChrif iophet Colu mbu
T w g awvrymamened i, thom ubens F. that was b jerf vtm'dj ahet a ufolr
,m I fq f'Mt of N oghte, euf thet f t phisw
Ttom Io. owh Guny and Oga, e i w "Wl li ho' i t p"
m U tl.. m,. d uIt .h o: _a" be le the. others, who wre r ll4 to rna
~otrumbw. IOP fw oZf wy Mha cf Note, maA^ to beaf thihis 1 kAjpoftler sn t inDefh pi a
J own Nbehis oti and of J lriina e wd ha Willt h fouu in this rt
tlnm caE they aior befkt l e oii u wo rte beke thie oIther, who wrie calrd trgo imJd
b" of- hornt in Nobe Ci-e and of l luftrius, P. kwn s Name fronim the Sea and Riws
g rents,thentedr ourt. would have ha4 mb fpet and not froi Courts and Palacer anid ti
my time in flewing that the Admiral w aq imitatehimtelf ,hobF Prognitos beinl ofti
Hnournbly defend, tho' his ParentF Blood Royal ofyi d e, Im; yet pleas'dh
thr the pephn rf ?Ftune, were fal'n that hus Parents flould not nmuch known.
into great Pverty and Want; d w tht I T rimor Pas God gave him all the Poer .
IhouW have proved they *ee the Oifiprb nIl .palities for fbc P an undenahiug. fLi
oftha ve ut m CeI, ft whon ujtma in bh would haveb his Contity and OiginI anm
;th Boob fcy, Thiat he bought King hid and obeure. So iwb th w fona, wouldd
MikbraTdat PtiW o r o fTor which C4A& Cloud iupon Ms Fame, fSy he waf
Sekc the People aflgr'd him the CpfiS ?*ri other and ochcr of fDv.
) P gp thts ^gtei gor Stand'ard and gte. all fiaH Toks ta the Ckvat
Sonfulr a ort. And they tvould havhe t rre,, awqnd up.. kf Coat. hrs, io
give hrge t coUnt of itho tKwo llhftri- wercfCtEnogofhrhowfwylufrwa Nas
It, C9?eoi, his Predeeffors, why, SalcNi ofSaona, others of O(kre others, mtore vain,
rIls us, gin'd a Mighty VLftoty ov the make him of P/
I cT zt fal' l he mntntiocd In the St are foe Hoipqrabfe Perfos of his Fatailyri Ai:
Chapter: 1 i r"uftej to ud.errtlke that and Trombs, with the Amis and Jnfcvpnon
"Task, believing he was partikurly thol of the Family of Ciaue; his being ihen
bIy ALkghry Cfd.for fo great ans Affair s- ,the ual irname of btil PfdkeS
/'C Cbi LS~i~~~
the W E S T-rD I E S. 62t
CHA AP. LXII.
t,3 Some remarkable Things in the land, as the Cuftons, Ceretwonies, and Reli-
gion of the Indies.
T He People of the Ifland being the Chriftians, and will not let them go
Brought under,and converfirfg rtore into thofe Houfes,and if they fufpe& they
,rodua of freely with our Men, many other parti- will come, they take away their emi's,
Hifpani- culars, and the Secrets of their Religion and hide them in the Woods, for fear
ola. were found out, but particularly that they should be taken from them,and what
there were Mines of Copper, Azure, is moft ridiculous, they ufe to Steal one
and Amber; as alfo Ebony, Cedar, another emi's. It happened once, that
Frankincenfe, and other rich Gunis and the Chriftians on a fudden rulh'd into the
Spice of several forts, but wild, which, Houfe with them, and prefently the Cemi
being cultivated, might be brought to cried out, speaking in their Language,
Perfeftion; as for inRanrce, Cinnamon by which it appeared to be artificially
of good colour, but bitter, Ginger, long made, for it being hollow, they had ap-
Pepper, abundance of Mulberry Trees, plied a Trunk to it, which anfwer'd to
for making of Silk, which bear Leaves a dark corner of the Houfe covered with
all the year, and many other useful Trees Boughs and Leanes, where a Man was
and Plants not known in our Parts. Be- concealed, who fpoke what the Cacique
fides, the Spaniards were informed of ma- ordered him. The Spaniards therefore
ny other things relating to their Cuftoms, reflefing on what it might be, kick'd
which to me feem to deferve a place in down the Cemi, and found as has been
our.Hiftory. To begin with their Reli- faid; and the Caciquefeeing they had dif-
gion, I will here fet down the Admirals covered his Pradice, earneftly begg'd of
own words, writ by himself, which are them not to fpeak of it to his Subjets,
thefe. or the other Indians,becaufe he kept them
SI could discover neither Idolatry nor in .Obedience by that Policy. This we
any other Set, among them, tho' every may fay has fome resemblance of Idola-
one of their Kings, who are very many, try, at left among thofe, who are igno-
as well in Hifpaniola, as in all the other rant of their Caciqucs Fraud, fince they
lilands and Continent, has a Houfe apart believe it is the Cemi that peaks, and all
from the Town, in which there.is no- of them in general are impos'd upon,and
thing at-- all but fome Wooden Images only the Cacique and he that combines
Carv'd, by them called Cemi's; nor-is with him, abufe their Credulity, by
there any thing done in thofe Houfes but which means he draws what Tribute he
what is for the Service of thofe Cemni's, pleafes from his People. Molt of the
they repairing to perform certain Cere- Caciques have 3 Stones alfo, to which they
monies, and Pray there, as we do to our arid their People thow a great Devotion.
Churches, In thtfe Houzfes they have a The one they fay helps the Corn, and all
Supeiti- handsome round Table, made like Difh, forts of Grain ; the second, makes Wo-
uions.f on which is fobme Powder, which they men be delivered without Pain; and the
ilay on the Head of the Ccmi's, with a third, procures Rain or fair Weather,
certain Ceremony then through a Cane according as they ftand in need of either.
that has two Branches, clapp'd to their I fent your Highnefs 3 of there Stones by
Note, they Snuff up this Powder: The Antony de Torres, and have 3 more to
Words they fay none of our People ua- carry along with me. When thefe In-
derltand. This Powder puts them be- dians Die, they have federal ways'of per-
tides themselves, as if they were Drunk. forming their Obfequies, but the manner
They alfo give the Image a Name, and I of Burying their Caciques is. thus. They
believe it is their Fathers, or Grand- open and dry him at the Fire, that he
fathers, or both, for they have more may keep whole. Of others they take
than one, and fome above ten, all in Me- only the Head. Others they Bury in a
mory of their Forefathers, as I faid be- Grot, .or Den, and lay a Calabath of
fore. I have heard them commend one Water and Bread on his Head. Others
above another, and have obferv'd them they Burn in the.Houfe where they Die,
to have more Devotion, and fbow more and when they are at the laft Gafp, they
refpe& to one than another, as we do in fuffer them not to Die,but Strangle them,
ProcelIions, in time of need, and the and this is done to Caciques. Others arc
People and Caciques boat among them turn'd out of the Houfe, and others put
felves of having the belt emi's. When them into a Hamack, which is their Bed,
they go to thefe their Cemi's, they Ihun laying Bread and Water by their Head,