Group Title: works of Sir Walter Raleigh
Title: The works of Sir Walter Raleigh
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00044200/00001
 Material Information
Title: The works of Sir Walter Raleigh
Physical Description: 8 v. : ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Raleigh, Walter, 1552?-1618
Oldys, William, 1696-1761
Birch, Thomas, 1705-1766
Publisher: The University press
Place of Publication: Oxford
Publication Date: 1829
 Subjects
Genre: autobiography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00044200
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000909420
notis - AEL8737
lccn - 24028745

Full Text




THE




WORKS



OF



SIR WALTER RALEGH, KT.



NOW FIRST COLLECTED:



TO WHICH ARE PREFIXED



THE LIVES OF THE AUTHOR,

BY OLDYS AND BIRCH.




IN EIGHT VOLUMES.

------^_----



VOL. VIII.

MISCELLANEOUS WORKS.


-----4----


OXFORD,

AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
MDCCCXXIX.









THE

DISCOVERY OF GUIANA.



ON Thursday the sixth of February, in the year 1595,
we departed England, and the Sunday following had sight
of the north cape of Spain, the wind for the most part con-
tinuing prosperous : we passed in sight of the Burlings and
the rock, and so onwards for the Canaries, and fell in with
Fuerte Ventura the seventeenth of the same month, where we
spent two or three days, and relieved our companies with
some fresh meat. From thence we coasted by the Gran Ca-
naria, and so to Teneriffe, and stayed there for the Lyon's
Whelp, your lordship's ship, and for captain Amys Preston,
and the rest: but, when after seven or eight days we found
them not, we departed, and directed our course for Trine-
dado with mine own ship, and a small bark of captain
Cross's only; (for we had before lost sight of a small gallego
on the coast of Spain, which came with us from Plymouth.)
We arrived at Trinedado the twenty-second of March,
casting anchor at point Curiapan, which the Spaniards call
Punto de Gallo, which is situate in eight degrees, or there-
abouts : we abode there four or five days, and in all that
time we came not to the speech of any Indian or Spaniard.
On the coast we saw a fire as we sailed from the point
Carao towards Curiapan, but for fear of the Spaniards none
durst come to speak with us : I myself coasted it in my
barge close aboard the shore, and landed in every cove, the
better to know the island, while the ships kept the channel.
From Curiapan, after a few days, we turned up north-east,
to recover that place which the Spaniards call Puerto de
los Hispanioles, and the inhabitants Conquerabia; and as
before, (revictualling my barge,) I left the ships, and kept by
the shore, the better to come to speech with some of the in-
c c 4







786 APPENDIX.



A brief Relation of Sir Walter Ralegh's Troubles: with
the taking away the Lands and Castles of Sherburn in
Dorset fJom him and his Heirs, being his indubitable
Inheritance.


To the Right Honourable the Commons of England, assembled
in Parliament; the humble Petition of Carew Ralegh, esq.
only son of sir Walter Ralegh, late deceased,
Humbly sheweth,
THAT whereas your petitioner conceiveth, that his late
" father, sir Walter Ralegh, was most unjustly and illegally
" condemned and executed; and his lands and castle of
" Sherburn wrongfully taken away from him and his, as
" may more at large appear by this brief narrative here-
" unto annexed; the particulars whereof your petitioner
" is, upon due proofs, ready to make good: your petitioner
" therefore, humbly submitting to the great justice and in-
" tegrity of this house, (which is no way more manifested,
" than by relieving the oppressed,) humbly craveth, that he
" may receive such satisfaction for these his great oppres-
" sions and losses, as to the wisdom and clemency of this
" honourable house shall seem fit.
And your petitioner shall humbly pray, &c."

1WHEN king James came into England, he found sir
Walter Ralegh (by favour of his late mistress queen Eliza-
beth) lord warden of the stannaries, lord lieutenant of Devon-
shire and Cornwall, captain of the guard, and governor of the
Isle of Jersey ; with a large possession of lands, both in Eng-
land and Ireland. The king for some weeks used him with
great kindness, and was pleased to acknowledge divers pre-
sents, which he had received from him being in Scotland, for
which he gave him thanks. But finding him (as he said him-
self) a martial man, addicted to foreign affairs and great ac-







APPENDIX. 787

tions, he feared lest he should engage him in a war, a thing
most hated, and contrary to the king's nature; wherefore he
began to look upon him with a jealous eye, especially after
he had presented him with a book, wherein with great ani-
mosity he opposed the peace with Spain, then in treaty,
persuading the king rather vigorously to prosecute the war
with that prince then in hand; promising, and that with
great probability, within few years, to reduce the West In-
dies to his obedience. But sir Walter Ralegh's enemies,
soon discovering the king's humour, resolved at once to rid
the king of this doubt and trouble, and to enrich themselves
with the lands and offices of sir Walter Ralegh. Where-
fore they plotted to accuse him, and the lord Cobham, a
simple, passionate man, but of a very noble birth and great
possessions, of high treason. The particulars of their ac-
cusation I am utterly ignorant of, and I think all men, both
then and now living; only I find in general terms they
were accused for plotting with the Spaniard, to bring in a
foreign army, and proclaim the infant of Spain queen of
England; but without any proofs, and the thing itself as
ridiculous as impossible. However, sir Walter Ralegh was
condemned without any witness brought in against him;
and the lord Cobham, who was pretended to have accused
him barely in a letter, in another letter to sir Walter Ralegh,
upon his salvation, cleared him of all treason, or treasonable
actions, either against king or state, to his knowledge;
which original letter is now in the hands of Mr. Carew
Ralegh, son of sir Walter, to be produced at any time.
Upon this condemnation, all his lands and offices were
seized, and himself committed close prisoner to the Tower;
but they found his castle of Sherburn, and the lands there-
unto belonging, to be long before entailed on his children,
so that he could not forfeit it, but during his own life. And
the king, finding in himself the iniquity of sir Walter's con-
demnation, gave him all what he had forfeited again, but
still kept him close prisoner; seven years after his imprison-
ment, he enjoyed Sherburn, at which time it fell out, that
one Mr. Robert Car, a young Scotch gentleman, grew in
3 E 2







"788 APPENDIX.

great favour with the king; and having no fortune, they
contrived to lay the foundation of his future greatness upon
the ruins of sir Walter Ralegh. Whereupon they called
the conveyance of Sherburn in question in the exchequer
chamber, and for want of one single word (which word was
found notwithstanding in the paper-book, and was only the
oversight ofa clerk) they pronounced the conveyance invalid,
and Sherburn forfeited to the crown; a judgment easily to
be foreseen without witchcraft, since his chiefest judge was
his greatest enemy, and the case argued between a poor
friendless prisoner and a king of England.
Thus was Sherburn given to sir Robert Car, (after earl
of Somerset;) the lady Ralegh a with her children humbly
and earnestly petitioning the king for compassion on her
and her's, could obtain no other answer from him, but that
he mun have the land, he mun have it for Car. She being
a woman of a very high spirit, and noble birth and breed-
ing, fell down upon her knees, with her hands heaved up
to heaven, and in the bitterness of spirit beseeched God
Almighty to look upon the justness of her cause, and punish
those who had so wrongfully exposed her and her poor chil-
dren to ruin and beggary. What hath happened since to
that royal family is too sad and disastrous for me to repeat,
and yet too visible not to be discerned. But to proceed:
prince Henry, hearing the king had given Sherburn to sir
Robert Car, came with some anger to his father, desiring
he would be pleased to bestow Sherburn upon him, alleging
that it was a place of great strength and beauty, which he
much liked, but, indeed, with an intention to give it back
to sir Walter Ralegh, whom he much esteemed.
The king, who was unwilling to refuse any of that prince's
desires, (for indeed they were most commonly delivered in
such language as sounded rather like a demand than an en-
treaty,) granted his request; and to satisfy his favourite,
gave him twenty-five thousand pounds in money, so far was
She was the only daughter of sir Nicholas Throgmorton, who was
arraigned in queen Mary's time, and acquitted. See Fox's Acts and Monu-
ments.







APPENDIX. 789

the king or crown from gaining by this purchase. But that
excellent prince, within a few months, was taken away, how
and by what means is suspected by all, and I fear was then
too well known by many. After his death the king gave
Sherburn again to sir Robert Car, who not many years
after, by the name of earl of Somerset, was arraigned and
condemned for poisoning sir Thomas Overbury, and lost
all his lands. Then sir John Digby, now earl of Bristol,
begged Sherburn of the king, and had it. Sir Walter Ra-
legh, being of a vigorous constitution and perfect health,
had now worn out sixteen years' imprisonment, and had
seen the disastrous end of all his greatest enemies; so that
new persons and new interests now springing up in court,
he found means to obtain his liberty, but upon condition
to go a voyage to Guiana, in discovery of a gold mine; that
unhappy voyage is well known, almost to all men, and how
he was betrayed from the very beginning, his letters and
designs being discovered to Gondamore, the Spanish am-
bassador, whereby he found such opposition upon the place,
that though he took and fired the town of St. Thoma, yet
he lost his eldest son in that service, and being desperately
sick himself, was made frustrate of all his hopes.
Immediately upon his return home he was made prisoner,
and by the violent pursuit of Gondamore, and some others,
who could not think their estates safe while his head was
upon his shoulders, the king resolved to take advantage of
his former condemnation sixteen years past, being not able
to take away his life for any new action; and, though he
had given him a commission under the broad seal to execute
martial law upon his own soldiers, which was conceived by
the best lawyers a full pardon for any offence committed
before that time, without any further trouble of the law, cut
off his head.
Here justice was indeed blind, blindly executing one and
the same person, upon one and the same condemnation,"for
things contradictory; for sir Walter Ralegh was condemned
for being a friend to the Spaniard, and lost his life for being
their utter enemy. Thus kings, when they will do what







790 APPENDIX.

they please, please not him they should, God; and, having
made their power subservient to their will, deprive them-
selves of that just power whereby others are subservient to
them. To proceed: Mr. Carew Ralegh, only son of sir
Walter, being at this time a youth of about thirteen, bred
at Oxford, after five years came to court; and, by the fa-
vour of the right honourable William earl of Pembroke, his
noble kinsman, hoped to obtain some redress in his misfor-
tunes; but the king, not liking his countenance, said he
appeared to him like the ghost of his father, whereupon the
earl advised him to travel, which he did until the death of
king James, which happened about a year after. Then
coming over, and a parliament sitting, he, according to the
custom of this land, addressed himself to them by petition
to be restored in blood, thereby to enable him to inherit
such lands as might come unto him either as heir to his fa-
ther, or any other way; but, his petition having been twice
read in the lords' house, king Charles sent sir James Ful-
lerton (then of the bedchamber) unto Mr. Ralegh, to com-
mand him to come unto him; and, being brought into the
king's chamber by the said sir James, the king, after using
him with great civility, notwithstanding told him plainly,
that, when he was prince, he had promised the earl of Bristol
to secure his title to Sherburn, against the heirs of sir
Walter Ralegh, whereupon the earl had given him, then
prince, ten thousand pounds, that now he was bound to
make good his promise, being king; that therefore, unless
he would quit all his right and title to Sherburn, he neither
could nor would pass his bill of restoration. Mr. Ralegh
urged the justness of his cause; that he desired only the
liberty of a subject, and to be left to the law, which was
never denied any freeman. Notwithstanding all which al-
legations, the king was resolute in his denial, and so left
him. After which sir James Fullerton used many argu-
ments to persuade submission to the king's will; as, the im-
possibility of contesting with kingly power, the not being
restored in blood, which brought along with it so many in-
conveniences, that it was not possible without it to possess







APPENDIX. 791

or enjoy any lands piQestate in this kingdom; the not being
in a condition, if his cloak were taken from his back, or hat
from his head, to sue for reisttution. All which things being
considered, together with splendid promises of great prefer-
ment in court, and particular favours from the king not im-
probable, wrought much in the mind of young MF Ralegh,
being a person not full twenty years old, left friendless and
fortuneless, and prevailed so far, that he submitted to the
king's will.
Whereupon there,was an act passed for his restoration,
and, together with it, a settlement of Sherburn to the earl
of Bristol; and, in show of some kind of recompense, four
hundred pounds a year pension, during his life, granted to
Mr. Ralegh after the death of his mother, who had that
sum paid unto her during life, in lieu of jointure.
Thus have I, with as much brevity, humility, and can-
dour, (as the nature of the case will permit,) related the
pressures, force, and injustice committed upon a poor op-
presssed, though not undeserving b family, and have for-
borne to specify the names of those who were instruments
of this evil, lest I should be thought to have an inclination
to scandalize particular, and perchance noble, families.
Upon the consideration of all which, I humbly submit
myself to the commons of England, now represented in
parliament, desiring, according to their great wisdom and
justice, that they will right me and my posterity, according
to their own best liking; having in my own person (though
bred at court) never opposed any of their just rights and
privileges, and for the future being resolved to range my-
self under the banner of the commons of England; and, so
far forth as education and fatherly instruction can prevail,
promise the same for two sons whom God hath sent me.
b Sir Walter Ralegh discovered Virginia at his own charge, which cost
him forty thousand pounds. He was the first of all the English that disco-
vered Guiana, in the West Indies. lHe took the islands of Fayall from the
Spaniard, and did most signal and eminent service at the taking of Cadiz.
He took from the Spaniard the greatest and richest carack that ever came
into England: another ship likewise, laden with nothing but gold, pearls,
and cochineal.





University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs