Title: Habitation Lemmens a vendre ... [letter of sale] ... 16 May 1782
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Title: Habitation Lemmens a vendre ... letter of sale ... 16 May 1782
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Bibliographic ID: UF00028453
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
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Estate L'Emmens for sale, located near
the town of Les Cayes, district of The
Center of l'Isle a Vache.





The said estate comprises 152 carreaux of flat land
of which 120 can be planted in sugar cane and 32 left in
savanahs. Its boundaries are at its very end, the main
lane going from the plain to St. Louis; on the North
side, the property of the La Gautray heirs which at one
time was part of the estate; on the East side the estates
of Charpentier and Joly and on the West side the ravine
du Sud and the small L'Emmens Square.

At present the estate is composed of a sugar factory-
refinary and comprises: the factory itself 70 feet long
and 24 feet wide, made of stone masonry and with a tiled
roof; it is equipped with four steam boilers, one of
which is for clarifying the sugar.

The refinery, with the same measurements as the factory,
is connected with it by means of a covered gallery in a
stone masonry and wih a tiled roof; this refinery is
divided in two in its length by a syrup tank. One side
is for the raw sugar, the other for the white sugar.

Another building,along the refinery and with the same
measurements, is used for pots, forms and other utensils
necessary in a refinery; this building has also a tiled
roof.

A 16 square feet steam room has shelves and its own
stove.

Two mill ridges (?) have a mill in good condition set
on them. Both are covered with a stone masonry.

There are two roomd for sugar cane fiber, both fenced
and next to them is a park for oxen with a stone wall
around it.





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There is one cabin for the superintendent of the
refinery, with a tiled roof; there are also 15 cabins
for negroes.

Two wings of a building are divided each in two
small houses. The first wing could serve as living
quarters for a foreman. One house has two bedrooms and
the other has a dining-room, a kitchen and a pantry.

In the second wing one of the houses comprises a
kitchen, a bedroom and two small rooms for the servants;
the other is made of five small rooms, three of them
being used as an infirmary, another one as a and
the fifth one as a shed. These constructions all have
tiled roofs.

The big cabin is nolonger there, only a wall is left
but it could be rebuilt.

Behind these constructions there are two pigeon
houses with a thatched roof.

On the estate live 60 negroes, old and young; among
them 30 to 35 can be used as gardeners. There are also
34 mules, 16 oxen and 19 cows with their calves.

One could build a water mill on the plantation by
digging a canal covered in stone,and bringing the water
from the river, or one could instead bring the water
from 1'Islet in the brook of the Lagautrays, and share
with them the water thus obtained as well as with the
Le Roux and the Oschiells. Such an expense might come
to 20,000 pounds'including the mill.

This estate was in the past one with the property of
the Oschiells; it was exploited for about 12 years by
both the Oschiells and the L'Emmens. It belonged
originally to the Vanderosts and to Madame Vieuxpres.



> /





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Each had half of it. Mr. Vanderost left his share in

his will to two of his nephews and nieces, but only
one of them who lived in the Colony received the whole
share of his uncle, and exploited it until his death
in 1754. He left two children and a widow.

Some time later Mr. OSchiell, who had acquired the
other half from the widow Vieuxpres and whose associate
had died, asked to be permitted tp divide the whole
estate. He won against the widow L'Emmens who was only
the legal guardian of her children who themselves
owned one third of the half of the estate owned in
partnership with Mr. Oschiell, the two other thirds
being the property of a Mr. and a Ms. L'Emmens in
Europe. Mr. Oschiell won his case and divided the estate
without ever contacting Mr. and Ms. L'emmens in Europe,
through the Attorney General as he should have by virtue
of the law; therefore this division of the land is null
and void, and the Oschiell heirs must be at present
very worried.

This problem must not stop a potential buyer from
buying because the Oschiell heirs will always prefer
their established share(because of a fine sugar factory-
refinery which cost them a lot of money) to the other
share which belongs to the Vanderost heirs. However if
things did.not turn out to be that simple each party by
law would have to get their exact share.

It would be advisable for the Vanderost heirs and
their buyer to go along with the present division when
signing the sale agreement the Vanderost heirs
will free themselves then of an interest amounting to
43,653 pounds that fpr 26 years was paid to Mr. Oschiell






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for capital gain. It is only normal that the latter
suffers this loss considering that he is responsible
for the whole imbroglio.

Mr. and Ms. L'Emmens who with their brother are the
Vanderost heirs recovered their third of the inherit-
ance through the help of Mr. Moreau, General Attorney
of the Court, but since they are now dead their nephew
and niece L'Emmens in Europe are now the heirs, and it
is with them that the transaction must take place.

This estate might be burdened with several taxes of
which the buyer should be informed, such as:

1) 43,653 pounds for capital gain allotted to Mr.
OSchiell when the estate was divided. The owners could
increase the amount considering that Mr. Oschiell did
not exploit the farm and let it lose money, but the
case being pending for the moment let us keep the
amount at ---------------------------- 43,653 pounds

2) the commission to Mr. Moreau for having taken care
of the legal affairs of Mr. and Ms. L'Emmens
-------------------------------30,000 pounds

3) the fee tp the present attorney of
Messrs Delmas & Joguer --------------- 25,000 pounds

Total 98,653 pounds

Estimation of the said estate


120 quarreaux of land to beplanted in
sugar cane at 2,500 pds the quarreau--240,000 pds

32 quarreaux of land in savanahs and
vegetables at 1,000 pds the quarreau-- 32,000 pds















60 heads (sic) of negroes -----------------90,000 pds
Cattle ---------------------------------- 25,000 "
Buildings, tools and utensils ----------- 60,000 "

Total ----------------- 447,000 "
Down payment asked by the vendor ------- 100,000 "
Debts and taxes ------------------------ 98,653 "
Total 208,653 "
If one keeps to the more reasonable
recent estimation of -- ------------- 377,000 "
there will remain to be paid ---------- 168,347 "

For the sale one should write to Mr. L'Emmens
former parish priest of Lothzen in Sinay, in care
of Mr. Deurbrouk, merchant in Nantes.
One could also contact Me Joguer in Nantes or
Mr. Streignart, priest in Siney near Liege.

Notes


The estate could produce 3 to 400,000 pounds of
raw sugar; one would only need to add another wing
and about 35 to 45 negroes to work at the proposed
water mill. One would need also a dozen of mules
and just as many oxen. It is easy to estimate the
amount of such expenses so I shall not make any
estimation here.
The main cabin could be rebuilt on the very spot
where the old one was, the foundations still being
there, they only need stone walls or a wooden structure
built on them.


Les Cayes, May 16, 1782





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