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mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
displayLabel Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926. Ceased in 1838.
numbering peculiarities Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher L. Currier & Co.
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mods:dateIssued marc 1835-
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mods:dateCreated November 6, 1837
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mods:extent v. : ; 45-68 cm.
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mods:caption 1837
mods:number 1837
mods:title Jacksonville courier and Southern index
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Jacksonville (Fla.)
Duval County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
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Jacksonville courier
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Jacksonville courier (Jacksonville, Fla.)
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sobekcm:Name L. Currier & Co.
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Jacksonville courier
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028424/00018
 Material Information
Title: Jacksonville courier
Uniform Title: Jacksonville courier (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 45-68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: L. Currier & Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville East Fla
Creation Date: November 6, 1837
Publication Date: 1835-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1838.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
General Note: Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
General Note: Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002025285
oclc - 09263722
notis - AKL2850
lccn - sn 82016251
System ID: UF00028424:00018
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Jacksonville courier and Southern index

Full Text



s1837 .


l-4 .'













,ommanders, A court-martial had st. on petled, to be sure, tluat this extra session s
he case of one of the Generals who had will be of long continuance, but we are all (
commandedd in that campaign, and had looking foi ward to the long session, which (
honorably acquitted him of all the charges will be here in the course of a couple of s
which had been brought against him; yet months, when the committee will have o
iy an order of the Executive, their ver- arimle time to prosecute their investigation ]
tict had been expunged. Can this then, unconnected with any other business of I
Me submitted to further, without this the session, and make a report which will t
louse making any inquiry on the subject? be satisfiwtoty to themselves, to the House
4e considered that it was time, and high and to the country. He again repeated E
ime, that an investigation of the kind pro- that he was not prepared to say where the r
osed should be hid, and had by a corn- blame of this matter may fall, but so far o
nittoe which would devote itself to the as he had been able to judge from the facts j

THE subject, to do it justice. He wished to have
JACKSONVILLE COURIER; this committee appointed by ballot, because
A WEEKLY JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO COMMERC4 it should not be a party committee. :The
LITERATURE, THE FINE ARTS, &c. administration have as much interest in the
Published every Thursday,fo matter as the opposition ; and the country
Pubwas king to an investigation of this mat-
THE PROPRIETO'RS' ter w a great deal of anxiety. The di-
-- e.siorof parties in the House was nearly
T-'tnm- 44 peryiip't*T'irrfdVfOei iidf -too hopct imt a cunnu
If not paid till the end f the year, $5 wil mig f be raised from the different parties
be charged. of ifmen who will prosecute the inquiry
Advertisements inserted at ONE DOLLAR with the greatest industry and fidelity.
per square tbr the first insertion,and FIFTY MR. EVERETT regretted extremely that
CENTS for each subsequent one. No one any observations should be made by any
will be considered less than a square. gentleman on the floor of the House which
OfAll Advertisements (time not being would derogate from the character of the
limited) will be continued "until forbid,' late Mr. Cass, at a time when he was not
and charged for accordingly. in *he country, or in a position to defend
All communications by mail, may himself from ,the imputations which were
be addressed to the Publishersofthe Cour- cast upon him. Mr. E. stated that he had
ier. Postage in all cases to be paid. an early opportunity of examining into the
r. o, matter in relation to the Florida campaign,
CONGRE 9SIONAL. and he believed then, as he still 'believed
if there was any thing wrong in relation to
FLORIDA WAR. that it did not rest with the Secretary of
SS 19,1837. War. This was his opinion then, and it
WAHINGTN, SEPT. 19,1837. was still his opinion, and he should be sor-
MR. WVISE submitted the following re- ry to see the reputation of that gentleman
solution. brought in question during his absence
RESOLVED, Th select committee be from his country. He had noticed the ex-
appointed by bal 1to inquire into the pressions made use of in the testimony of
causes of the Floridh war, and into the General Clinch, which had been alluded
causes of the extraordinary delays and to by the getitleman from Virginia, and he
failures,. and the enormous expenditures thought at the time they were undeserved.
which have attended the prosecution of MR. GLASCOCK could not but admire the
that war, and into its history generally; that motive which induced the gentleman from
the said committee live power to send for Virginia to offer this resolution, but as to
persons and papers; And that it have pow- the manner in which the committee was
er to sit in the recess ; and that it make to be appointed he differed with him en-
report to the next session of Congress. tirely, because, in his opinion, the results
Mr. CAMBRELENGO noved to strike out would be the same, let the committee be
the words, "that they have power to sit du- appointed either way. He thought the
ring the recess." He hoped this motion to uniform course should be adopted in the
strike out might prevail, unless the gentle- appointment of the committee, and that
man from Virginia could give some good we should not now,after all the committees
reason why it should sit during the recess. for years had been appointed in a particu-
MR. WISE presumed the reason must Jar way, change our mode of appointment
suggest itself to the mind of every geniit-- in a solitary case. He was aware that the
man, why he asked that the cormiiiitee war had occupied much more time, and
should sit during the recess. The conimmit- expanded much more money, than was an-
te 0ooild carcety comn,-M~-;.>- tirrynirrt, -mrvt- thrit the whote. country
ring the session of the present Congress; felt a deep interest in relation thereto;
and there would be no use in proposing atd inasmuch as this was the case, he
the resolution if the committee could not thought it but right and proper that
sit longer than the continuance of the pre- a| committee should be appointed, in
sent extra session. He considered it as order that the country may be placed in
something extraordinary that two Major )ssesssion of all the facts in relation to
Generals of the standing army oftheUni- ajl the difficulties which now exist or
ted States, who had taken part in that cam- live heretofore existed. It was far from
paign, had been recalled by the Execu- I~js intention to express an opinion as to
live, and tried by a court martial of the vho was in fault that this campaign
country ; and that the only successful corn- vas not brought to a close ; but, in reply
mander in the 'Florida campaign, General tp the insinuation that thie late Secretary of-
Clinch had testified to the country that no War was in fault in this matter, he shouldI
officer general or subordinate,, was to be *y that he had looked into the case some-
blamed for the failure of the Florida ftam- hat, and, from the facts in his possession
paigo, but that the blame lay at the door 1e was firmly convinced that the Depart-
of the War Department. In reply to that 0ent of War would never have cause to
testimony, we have seen a labored defence fear the investigation. It was his wish
published by the then Secretary of War, Ihat a resolution of this character should
Lewis Cass, and the country was left to e moved;, and it was his firm conviction;
jndge between these two officers. We lat whenever the American people had
see that this war is still raging; and but 11 the facts of the case laid before them,
yesterday, in the midst of the general corn- hat the character of the late Secretary of
nercial distress and the bankruptcy of the Var would remain as heretofore, without
Treasury, we were called upon by the .pot or blemish. His impression was, that
Chairman of the Committee of Ways and when the charges were fully investigated,
Means for an appropriation of $1,000,000 il suspicion which might now from any
to carry on this war, and this too, without means attach to that gentleman would be
an effort being made by any to inquire in- removedd& that even the impression which
to the manner in which former appropria- the gcntiliiian from Virginia himself en-
ions to carry it on have been spent no mat- ertained would be removed. He was as
er how we had got into it; but he did con- anxious as any gentleman that the resolu-
sider it his du-ty to call for this information Jion should be adopted ; but he would ask
it the present time,in as much as a call had the honorable gentleman whether this com-
been made for an appropriation of upward miittee should not be appointed by the
)f a mitlion & a halfofdollars without any Chair. If the committee was elected by
statements or estimates in relation thereto ballot, the result would be the same as if
eing laid before the House, and he consid- it was appointed by the Chair. There will
red it a duty to inquire how the public be members of both parties on the conm-
money bad been expended or wasted. It mitteein either event; and that being the
tad been admitted on all hands, that there case, lhe was unwilling to deviate from the
ad been mismanagement: then he wish- usual course of appointing committees in 1
d to know how much money has been ex- this House. There will be friends of all
tended, if not wasted, and whether some the commanding generals on the commit- t
teps could not be taken to put an end to a fees, and ample justice 'will be done to j
war which is ravaging our western fron- pach ;and even if the majority of the corn-
ier, and distressing the whole country. mittee are on a particular side, the minori-
Vho could object to this inquiry ? ity will have it in their power to investi-
It appeared to him that this resolution gatethe mrintier filly, and lay the result of t
>ught to be assented to by every gentleman tieim investii:ition before the country, so
>n the floor of the House. It wasa uni- that the people may have the opportunity s
'ersal opinion that the conduct of the Ma. ofjudging for themselves. In relation to
or Generalnow in command in Florida, the committee sitting during the recess, he I
vas as reprehensible as either of the other coul see no necessity for it. It is not ex- (

Committee of Ways and Means, in the
shape of a bill appropriating some millions
of dollars or more for the suppression of
[ndian hostilities; and thee were always
brought forward, without ny communica-
ion being made to the house from the
proper Department; and it was always
stated that the statements would be sub-
mitted at some future time We have an-
other appropriation for thii object, called
or by the Committee of Ways and Means

presented to him, he lhesita d not to be-
lieve that none would nttahi to the late
Secretary of War.
Mr. CUSHING returned hinackno\'vledge-
ments to the gentlenian froq Virginia, (Mr.
WISE,) fcr the introductiorjof the resold-
tion now before the !Hoon-', if there was
any transaction ofl 'I h ernment which
national eiscutcheon, it was.tlie proceeding
in relation to the war -in Flotida ;,and he
hoped the gentleman from Virginia would
press the matter, and have it thoroughly
There was no one proceeding of the
Government, which the people .of the
country were more desirous of seeing laid
bare than that. From year to year the
people of the country have seen army af-
ter army sent to Florida, and general after
general recalled, he would not say 'in dis-
grace, but recalled to be given up to the
tender mercies of a court-martial, all with-
out the least good resulting from it. We
have seen the blood of our citizens moist-
ening the desert sands of Florida, and our
army alIl country brought into disgrace by
the nar carried on there. We have not
been content with a standing army of our
own in Florida, but we have enlisted te
Indians into our army, and done that whidi
during thd Revolution, had been charged
by the Earl of Chatham as a disgrace upon
the English arms. Upon whose head the
responsibility of this matter might fall, he
did not know. It might be, as suggested
by the gentleman from Virginia, tat it
would fall oB the shoulders of the late Sec-
retary of War.
Mr. WISE explained. He had m de no
imputation upon the late Secretary of War.
He had merely said that the blanre was
laid at the do r of the Departnint of
War by General Clinch, the orly suc-
cessful commander in Florida. In re-
ply to the gentleman from Verment, (Mr.
Everett,) he would say that he believed
with that genitlemlini, that when the matter
was investigated, that the Secretary would
not be found to be the author of the evils
whichli he lui&c cumlainmd,t that lie had
perniEitt1 h1inrsell'to .1 rw du.. l whIe Inatrv-
ment in the hands ofO20thers, contrary
to his own judgment; apd yielded to that
which an American oflcer ought never to
have yielded to, and hd ncaly blamed the
Secretary so fat as tlhat he was not the
man to stand up and resist encroachments
of those superior to hiuh.
Mr. CUSHING said filitt the gentleman
from Virginia had broughthim to the point
at which he was abouttotirrive in his ar-
gument. HIe had r- 'thei testimony of
General Clinch, whom believed to be a
brave and good Afcei, nd hlie had read
the reply to it by Secrehry Cass; and the
conclusion he had arrived at was, that
the responsibility of the outbreaking, of'
the Seminole war restdi. upon the heed
of General Jackson. He wished the
matter probed to the bottom, so that the
country might see tie whole of the
rottenness which was at the bottom of
this matter.
Mr. RICE GARLAND, f Louisiana, wish-
ed merely to state a coifplie of facts in re-
lation to this subject, which had- come to
his notice on his way to'this city,' to show
that corruption existed home where. He
was told by a respectable individual of an
operation by which fort cords of woods
cost the Government Q,000. The other
case was that of the ow-r of a steamboat
making enough on a sin le trip of his boat
from some point along thli coast, up one
of the rivers of Florida, to pay for the
whole boat. These things were told himn
on the public highway, and they showed
the manner in which the p blic money was
squandered and thrown a~ty.
Mr. BOND of Ohio made statement, of
which he had been informed, of some a-
buse in relation to the e.isnditure of pub-
lic money for the suppreision of Indian
hlostilities. The first appropriation which
they had made in the House for this ob-
ect, he believed, was one df $800,000, and.
hat was made at a time "%hen there was
an immense surplus in the Treasury,
without attracting any notice. In a shorr
ime there was another appropriation
called Ifor,of a million f dollars; and
5o appropriations continu4t to be made
with a view of getting rid of the large sur-
plus of public money on h.nd ; and when-
ever an attempt was made to have this
surplus dis;riliuted, the gh ist of thisFlori-
da war was brought to our view by the

ST. MARYS, Geo. 1st. Oct. 1837.
I am induced, from a very high respect
for the opinion of the people of Florida,
to submit to their calm consideration, the
following letters, extracts of letters, and
certificates, in refutation of a malicious
and vindictive tirade, which appeared over
the signature of R. K. Call, in the Flori-
dian of the 22d. of July last.
By the testimony here adduced, it will
be seen how far Gov. Call, is sustained in
his statements 8fc. That I exposed the re-
gulars unnecessarily, by fighting with them
in double ranks-that I neglectedthe wound-
ed-was much alarmed myself-that the vol-
anteers could not cross the river-and that
HE came, like a protecting angel to the res-
cue of our little band-that it was His Gene-
ral-ship and bravery, that covered the troops
whilst recrossing the river,and that HE cehil-
les' like, shielded and saved them from de-

No. 1.
Extract of a letter from Gen. Call, to Gei.
Jackson, dated,
TALLAHASSEE, January 9, 1836.
Document No. 6, page 200 of the pro-
ceedings of the Court of Inquiry in the
case of Gen. Scott.
"I shall return to the Frontier in some
capacity or other ; so soon as I can raise a
force of any description. I should he
highly gratified to command the army, and
believe 1 could soon bring the war to a
close. I fear however, this I cannot do
without injustice to Gen. Clinch. He is
a brave and good man, but I ftar he is too
slow in his movements to conduct a war
against the Indians."

No. 2.
In a letter from Gen.R. K. Call, to Gen
D. L. C. dated,
TALLAHASSEE, March, 8 1836.
He uses the following language, in ref-
erence to Gen. C. being superseded in
the command of the troops in Florida;
"you have been shamefully treated."

No. 3.
TALLAHASSE, 21 June, 1836.
Sir:-Your letter of the 13th inst. by
express has been received, and I regret ex-
ceedingly to learn that you have finally re-
solved to retire from the army of the Uni-
ted States. It would have afforded me
great pleasure to have served under, and
co-operated with you in conducting the
next campaign against the Indians.

of upwards of a million and a half, which
has the appearance now of being introduc-
ed, for the purpose of hastening the pas-
sage of the bill for the postponement of
the third instalment of deposits with the
States, as the former appropriations had
the appearance of being introduced to pre-
vent a distribution of the public monevs..
-Ur- CA M c4ti x-a.Lt y d *t -.'
the P......- pnerely to reply t the getn-
tlen5, i'rom lThio, who had thrown out
an intimation, if not an implitaiion, that
the bill asking an appropriation for the sup-
pression of Indian hostilities was now in-
troduced for the purpose of facilitating the
passage of the bill to postpone the pay-
ment of'the fourth instalment to the States.
Mr. BoND did not make the imputation.
He had only said that the bill was brought
forward in the same manner, and it seem-
ed somewhat strange to him' that these two
measures should be introduced into the
House pari passu.
Mr. CAMBRELENG said that this appropri-
ation was called for in the same manner
that all other appropriations of this charac-
ter were called for. The letter of the Sec-
retary of War sufficiently explained the
necessity of the appropriation ; and he was
sorry that gentlemen did not apply in the
proper quarter to see how former appro-
priations were expended, as every item
could be found which gentlemen might
desire to see.
Mr. WISE then slightly modified his
resolution, and proceeded to make some
strictures in relation to the conduct of the
present Commander in Florida towards
one of the Indian Chiefs, -who was em-
ployed asan ally of the United States, on
the express condition that if he captured
certain Chiefs of the Creek tribe, he was
to remain on the land of his fathers until
certain titles thereto could be settled ; but
after the service was performed, the treaty
was held up to him, and he was driven
away. He contended that the most con-
dign punishment should be visited upon
a Major General guilty of such conduct as
this towards the Indians within our Terrin
tory. .

handed my. company during the engage-
nent which took place between the troops
under your command, and the Seminole
Indians on the Ouithlacoochee, on the 31st
December 1835. I believe the first Indian
rifle was fired on the Southi .banks of the
river, and was fired at the Regular troops,
I think Capt. Win. ,Graham's'Compary,
nd either a man was killed or wounded-
lhe fire was returned by Capt. C. Mellon,
vho fred the first musket that day.

I have in obedience to Ihe orders of the
War Department, assumed the command
of the forces in Florida, and as soon as
,my health will enable tme I shall proceed
to the coast in order to prepare for the of-
fensive and defensive measures against the
I shall be very happy to receive such
ai zid nr i*r e.'rper11v"Tr-m -
Allow me Sir, to tender you the assur-
ance of my high consideration and es-
teein, % ith my best wishes that you may
long live to enjoy the honors you have
won in the service of Your country,
I am sir, very respectfully,
Your friend and obd't servant.
To1 Brig'd. Gen. D. L. CLINCH,

.VMo. 4.
Fort Mills, Jacksonville Feb. 14, 1836.
Dear Sir:-" Every officer and soldier
in my Regiment will make oath, that they
were not permitted to cross after the ac-
tion began, (that is, those who remained on.
the East side of the river.")
I am Dear Sir, with great respect,
4th Regt. Florida Militia.
Gen. D. L. CLINCH.
Fort Drane.

.N'o. 5.
ST. AUGUSTINE, Florida, Aug. 12, 1837.
To Gen. D. L. Clinch,
Dear Sir:-Your favor of the 9th inst.
has just reached me and I listen to corm-
comply with your request "that I would
give you a statement, shewing the nuni-
her of wagons aind nurimber of rations, ta-
ken with the command to the Ouitblacoo-
chee, the letter part of December, 1835;
and whether or not Gov. Call, and the vol-
unteers liad not their full proportion of
hetrI'anportation and provisions?"
I have to state, that the Baggage 'train,
taken with the comniand on the nhbove
-n-r -4rr, ---t u. ... .- .1 'f S- en a ...
carts and one two-horse wagon.
The number of rations taken was two
thousand eight hundred, or rations for 700
nmen for four days: three days rations hav-
ing been issued to the men, to be taken in
their haversacks.
To the best of my recollection four of"
the carts were loaded with Pork and flour,
and three 'carts and the two-horse wagon,
with corn for the draft horses and those
of the mounted volunteers.
The command was absent from Fort
Drane five days, which consequently left
two day's rations of Pork and Flour still
on hand for the men on our return to Fort
During the second day's march it was
found that the teams which carried the
corn were so heavily laden and the trail
passing through the woods where the
Pioneers were compelled to open a road
considerably delayed the progress of the
comnmand. A halt was made for some
10 or 15 minutes and the principal part,
of the corn distributed to the mounted vol-
The provisions that were issued during
he march being two days supply of Pork
and flomr were fairly distributed by me,
among the companies of both the Regu-
ars and Volunteers. The Volunteers re-
ceived more than their proper proportion
>f tile forage or rather of the corn, there
icing no hay or fodder.
The above I believe embrace all the
questions contained in yours. Hoping it
may prove satifactory,
I remain, very respectfully, sir,
Your Obd't Servant,
S J. L, DANCY, Late Lieut. and
Asst. Qr. Master, and A. C. of Subsis-
ance, U. S. A.

No. 6.
FOnT PEYTON, 23 Aug. 1837.
Mfy Dear General:-I have received your
better of the 5th inst. some days since, but
wing to my absence on duty, South of
St. Augustine, I have not been able to an-
wer it: and am unable atthis time to re.
ily to your inquiries as fully as Icould wish
lot having my journal with me.
I entered the service in 1812, and sery-
(d in various capacities in the late war,
,ith Englind, and was in several engage-
tients and many picket affairs.-I corn-

~C i"t


Lieut. Col. Fanning did-order a charge
to be made, before you reached the troops,
but was prevented fiom carrying the
charge fully into effect owing to the four
centre companies of the line, having been
unfortunately formed in double ranks,
however, when the troops advanced to the
charge, it-was found that the fire of' the
Indians, wasso unaccountably destructive
that it caused some confusion in the ranks
It was at this stage of the action that you
reached the troops and immediately order-
ed them to extend from the centre to the
right and left in single file and charge the
enemy. The order was promptly obeyed.
While the troops were advancing, a
large bpdy of Indians were seen advancing
from the left of the swamp, evidently within
the intention of turning our right flank
and gaining our rear. Capt. C. Mellon
and Capt. L. Gates, with their companies
wr vce utuOeNd LO ulurrae th et' w".
promptly done, and drove the Indiansb)abek
in the Swamp. As a large portion of, the
troops entered the swamp, it was dicov-
ered that the Indians again made theil ap-
pearance on the right, in a small sc:ub,
when they were again charged by '(pt.
Mellon's company, and driven out in g'eat
confusion. You did not dismount fi, m
your horse until he was so badly wounded
as to be unable to carry you, and wbhileou
.were dismounted you continued to en-
courage the troops to be firm.-1 heard
you repeatedly call out to the men to be
,firm, that you were determined to win
the battle, or die on the field ; that you
would shoot down any man you saw phll
back.-You were, from the time you first
reached the troops, constantly exposed and
near the line, passing fiom one part of the
line to the other.--As soon as a fresh horse
was brought,, you immediately mounted
and 1 did not see you dismount again
while on the south bank of the river, Af-
ter the Indians were completely routed
and beaten, and the firing had entirely
ceased, you ordered the killed and wound-
ed to be collected and sent to the river
and taken on the opposite bank : you then
directed a new line to be formed, which
movement was executed in good order and
promptly.-My position in the line was in
the centre of the line of Regular troops.
Sometime after the new line was formed
you came to me and informed me that the
troops would cross the river by compan-
ies, alternately from right to left, and that
my company would be .the- last' to cross
and that it would form the rear guard, to
protect the troops while crossing the river.
ou remained with me on horse back some
time. When 1 reached the river with my'
company which I believe was the last mt
cross and arrived at the bridge, I found
Lieut. Col. Mills and some volutiteerls cross-
ing; Col. Mills was standing on a rock on
the south side of the river, I believe hold-
ing on to the canoe to:steady it, it formed
a part of the bridge, and he was the last
man to cross over. When I reached the
-north bank of the river, I found you then
on horseback. You directed me to remain
at the bridge until the whole of the troops
had filed out of the hammock, to bring up
the rear, and see that no men were left be-
hind. When 1 marched out of the ham-
mock, I there found you., During that
hard fought battle you were frequently
near me, and I had a fair opportunity of
witnessing your conduct during the action
and afterwards, and I take pleasure in say-
ing your conduct was marked by great
coolness and distinguished bravery,-and
your conduct that day mainly contributed
to our final success. I do not recollect
seeing Gen. Call, on the field of battle un-
til the firing had ceased--at the time we
were collecting the dead and wounded; he
remained on the field a few minutes and
then retired.-
The conduct of the regular troops and
volunteers, who fought the battle of the
Ouitlacoochee, displayed great firmness
and bravery, and I believe if -the whole of
the volunteers under Gen. Call, could have
reached the field of battle, the Seminble
war would have been closed on that day.
The firing was continuous from the com-
mencement to the close of the action.
I am very truly your friend,
Capt. 2d. -trlillern.
Gen. D. L. CLINCH.
=,N o. -7. ,,

NAssAu Co. E. F. Aug, 25,1837.
Dear Sir:-Having seen in the Jack-
sonville Courier of the 10th. inst. a vio-

lent and in my opinion uncalled for attack
on you by Gov. Call, which contains seve-.
ral misstatements in relation to the occur-
rences that took place previous to, and du-
ring the battle of the Ouithlacoochee, 1
feel it due to truth, to the people of Flori-
da and to yourself, to give a plain state-
ment of such facts as came within my own
observation. First as to the appeal made
by you to the patriotic citizens of Epst
Florida. About the 2d of December 1835,
you made an appeal through the field offi-
cers of the 4th regiment, Florida mi itia,
commanded by Col. John Warren,- to
the patriotic citizens of Duval and Nassau
counties; to which appeal -there was a
prompt response, and four companies were
quickly raised (viz. Captains Lancaster's
Ross's, HIutchinson's and Turner's,) and
took the line of march for your head quar-
ters; and on the second day's march, an or-'
der was received by Col. Warren, then in
command.:of the four companies directing-

him to proceed to Newnansville ; at whici
, place he was joined by four addition
companies (viz. Captains Summerlin's,Gib
bon's, William's, and McLemores) whoha(
also responded to the call made by you or
, the pa tri-itic citizens ofAlachua, Columbio
and Hamilton counties. The volunteers
from East Florida marched at a very shor
notice, nevertheless the term of their ser
. vice was not limited to any definite period
nor did we know of Gen. Call being in th,
" field until a few days prior to his joining
us at Fort C'rum, when he took command
of the whole volunteer force.
As to what occcured during the battle
I must say that the Governer is under i
wrong impression when he states the firing
commenced withthe volunteers on the nortl
side of the river. I had cwum across th<
river and was standing on the bank (no
Stiff,, ..yi-iom the sDat here the.I Indian!
S ub>sequeniy 'ren acrosss," wnen the hrs
rifle was heard and that 1 do assert waE
fired in -font of the. Regulars. As soor
as the firing began Col. Warren, instantly
formed his few men (that were across) foi
action. And shortly after we perceived
ten or twelve Indians running down to th(
river, where they commenced firing at the
Volunteers on the north side, which was
warmly returned. Our gallant Colonel
immediately ordered a charge on the ene-
my, which was promptly executed, and
that was what caused them to fly, leaving
several dead on the ground. During 'hi's
time.the Regulars were hotly engaged,-
Finding no more employment at the river;
we joined the left flank of the RegulaNs,
The bloody conflict that ensued :and th\
desperate charges that were made, can be
proven by every living eye witness of th(
field. We were not reinforced by a single
man from the commencement of the bat
tie up to the last charge that was made it
the Swamp, (when I was disabled fror
making further observation by a rifle bal
through the breast,) nor did I see Gen
Call on the field up to that time.
The conduct of the troops during the
battle was that of disciplined veterans
Yourself I saw on horseback in the thick-
est of the fight, where the battle raged
fiercest, there were you seen, in the venr
front, animating your men by your pre-
sence ; a conspicuous mark for every In-
dian rifle, as the wounds received by your
horse, and the cap and clothing that you
woreon that memorable day, could am-
Sply testify- were proof necessary.
That the Indians were defeated on thai
well fought day, I never heard doubted un-
til I read nov. Call's publication. The
'most convincing proof of their having been
well whipt, was their never renewing the
Enclosed is a list of the Volunteers that
supported the Regulars in that battle as
furnished by Lt. Col. Mills.
SI remain sir,
Yours Respectfully,
4th Regt. F. M. at the battle of Ouithla-
Gen. D. L. CLiNCH.
List of the Volunters, Officers and Men
who supported the Regular Troops at the
battle of Ouithlacoochee, on the 31st De-
cember, 1835, with their places of nativity.
Col. John Warren, Virginia; Lt. Col.
W. J. Mills, Florida; Maj. J. G. Cooper,
Georgia; Capt. W. B. Ross, do ; Lieut's.
W. Haddock, Florida ;Thos. Suarez, do;
Jno. S. Smith, Maryland ;Jno. Yeouman,
South Carolina; Adjt. H. H. Phillips, Geo.
Sergt. Major M. Curry Kentucky.
Sergents-J. B. Mason, Rhode Island;
John Peoples, Geor'gia; Jno. Jones, Flor-
ida; Robt. J. H. Pritchard, do.
Corporal.-Ralph Eames, New Hamp-
Privates.-Jose Andrew, Florida; W.
B. Hart, do; Jno Higginbotham, do; Jno.
Taylor, do; T. T. Woods, Georgia; John
Stafford, do ;J. White, New York; Josh-
ua Fennimore, do; Jno. R. Roberts, South
Carolina; James Tyson, Georgia; James
Bryant, do; Alfred Mooney, do; Indian
Billy, Seminole Nation, and there were
several men from Col. Parish's Regt.
names not known.

ANo. 8.
S. 4ug. 23d, 1837...
My Dear General:-I-have just received
your letter of the. 5th inst. from St. Mary's,
and will with great pleasure in answer to
your queries, narrate such facts as came

undlermy observation appertaining to. the
engagement between the troops under
your command and the Seminole Indians,
on the 30 December, 1835.
In this affair I commanded a company
of which there were about thirty-men in
the action.
After the-battalion had crossed the. With-
lacoochee, it was formed in order of bat-
tleabout 300 yards from the river at right
angles with it, & about 150 yards from the
hammock in front, the men were then suf-
fered to rest upon their ground : previous-
ly however, sentinels had been carefully
posted in almost every direction.
We remained here sometime waiting
as we all thought for the Volunteers to
cross and join us. I obtained permission
to go down to the river to see, the horses
swim over, while there a messenger ar-
rived from the battalion giving informa-
tion of the approach of the Indians. At
this time I saw you busily engaged, iuper-

intending the construction o
I immediately rat with all sl
the battalion, wlmn I heard
rifles: but my position was
could not know Rgainst whot
directed, nor c:, I for the san
who first return the fire: hb
ed the battalion,] t had comr
on the IndianS. I immediate
company occupying the center
talion, and sol afilerwards
near me in c unand. At th
battalion wa in line formed
fantry. You (rde-red the batta
tended f'om he left flank, am
the enemy.- was according
little delay, pt( in extended o
"this time a mrnt annoying atta
upon the riglh flank by a la
Indians. Yo'r.ered the tv
ppro 1) Id ) Wf
Indians, wbic'was done i
style. The enetmyfled imn
ter which we: wdre no long
from that quarter, The. tw
rejoined the battalion, and th
then to charge the mairq body
my in front.-You disinounte
horse which had then received
and walked in fron of t
and deliberately and firmly
the men to charge the e
said my brave fellows I
die with you. and thai it shoi
death or victory, or words. I
After this address I wouldd pl
the countenances of those nea
determined resolution.
The word was giv n to ch
more spirited and gallant char
have been made.-In the earl
lctlion, I received a wound wi
d my jaw bone, you being n
e that I appeared to be sever
a d that I had better go to th
foie the last charge was ma<
en my, I had received ano
wound in the hip, and could
witi my men as they advani
pidly. This was a few nmil
the inclusionn of the fight. -
wouqded men a short distance
termed to join them. On rriy
I fout'd, Gov. Call. This i4 tl
I-sawthe Governor on thl sc
the river.* In a few minuses I
the hiliwhere the Surgeons ai
-men wire, and had my wou'n
to. After I had been there a
and after the enemy had been
flogged and routed, you car
look after theowounded I pres
made enqiirisi ier them. al
who were delhlitalcd from lc
something from yonr flask. -"
remained aboutvalf hour on th
of the river, afterall firing ha
then crossed the liver on the I
ing withrr me my gon, sword a
In-crossing I had some assist
man who was With me. A
the river I walked some disia
assistance. I know of no atte
could have been rendered me
wounded person under such ci
which we did rhot receive. D
Graham, Lieut. Ridgley nor
any body else on the north sid
er, was exposed t4 the fire of
while- I was on thdt side of t
I believe no .enerry was within
of us, certainly Jot a shot,
known or heard o% was fired
on that side while I was they
equally certain th t no gun wa
by any one there.l The Indiar
completely floggel and driver
force on the south)side of the i
firing had ceased,
You were frequently in my
vicinity, and during the hottest
fight I had a good opportunity
ing that the cool 4d fearless
gallant bearing a d the encou
guage you addresed to the m
ed the most inspifiting effect.
1 had likewise an opportunity
ing the most benevolent attend
you paid to the Wounded after
to Fort Dranw JBothl officers
received from your persona
every comfort in your "power t
I am with great resp
Your Obd't. S
SBrv't. Capt
Gen. D. L. LiNCH.

.yo. 9.
Dear General -Your letter oa
was received so ne days since,
sequenceo6f ill health 1 was unz
it at 0n earlier rio'd. I shall
--v"r to reply in s4ch a manner as
I was in the battle of the Oui
on the 31st Detember, 1835, a
your Aid-de-Capp. When the
menced I was oi horse back nea
having just left .he battalion oft
was seeking yoa. to report that a
suddenly a rifle was heard in m
the cry of the ndians are comi
ed down the stream where me]
structing a bridge or pass way,
covered you mounting in much'
few seconds brought me to your
out stopping to ppeak, you took
so soon as our horses could carry
on the field, hat.ing passed throi
defile where we were exposed
fire from the Indiana for some

)f the bridge- We came upon the left of the line near to service to you. Shortly afterwards'Col. McIn-
peed to join which we encountered Lieut.Ridgely,bleed-. tosh crossed, when I. made the -same request
some Indian iig profusely-you enquired if. he. was hurt of him. -In a few minntesthe canoe came
such that I badly and directed him to take care. of him- floating down, when.I directed some of the
m they were self. The battalion was in double ranks, soldiers to place it along the centre of the
ne reason say you immediately said the men were too close bridge where the extremities of the trees in-
efre I reach- together, that the ranks must be reduced and terlocked so as to add to its strength by re-
fbre I each- th line extended,.and then rode on till you ceiving and resisting the force of the current.
menced firing met Col. Fanning. Every exertion was Icontinued on the bridge myself holding by
ly gained my made to extend the line and none can know the branches till the regulars had nearly all
'e of the bat- the difficulty in effecting such a thing but passed. It then occurred to me as the sun
1 saw you those who have tried it in a battle of life and had set, that the spot for our encampment
iis period the death, Where the men are giving and receiv- 'had not been selected. I went on shore, (the
as heavy In- ing a continuous and heavy fire, and \'here north or eastern) and perceiving Gen. Call
lion to be ex- there was scarcely more than one platoon of-'.a little above the bridge enquired of him
nd to charge ficer to a company and three of those badly if the camp had been selected and marked
fly after some wounded in the contest. You ordered a off? He said no, and ordered me to do it. I
order. About charge shortly after you got on the round, looroundound and discovered you a short dis-
w and it was made and repeated, but the line tance below the bridge, giving directions to
ick wasdmade halted when it reached near the harmmocl those who were posted on the bank to cover
rge body of and was in some confusion, in coisequence -the troops while crossing. I repeated to you
vo right corn- of the word retire having through liistte Gen. Call's order, when you requested me to
chriry tr-w L-, -.t .-- n -"k -e~, giivn. ut--gtbaskaad the hammock and select a
n handsome ing the action an attempt was made tp tuin suitable ptree. I immediately inounted -a'
iediately-af- our right and to pass to the rear. Capt. Gates horse, rode back a qatater of a mile,from the
ger troubled was ordered to meet it, but his company be- river, had.marked my fot-eornrs, about two
to companies ing insufficient, Capt. Mellon .was also de- hundred yards apart when 'en. Call rode
ie order was tached, when the enemy was charged, beaten, up. I pointed them out to him'n-d .request-
of the ene- and pursued by-both of those officers for some ed his sanction or disapproval ofethe ground;
d from your distance through the scrub. This check upon he approved of it. At that moment C. Fan.
d twro wmnd the savages not only saved our rear,-but pre- ning marched up at the head of his battalion
i tw iou vented them from seizing the landing and and I had just conducted the Col. to his place
he battalion, some two hundred horses belonging to the in.the line, when the volunteers approached
encouraged volunteers which had been swum over. I whom 1 also conducted to their position. You
nemy.-You distinctly heard you, during the action, give must have remained in the rear, as all of this
am ready to orders for Gen. Call, tobring up the volun- was completed beforeyou came up.
uld either be teers. It was your wish to have them pass in As I was not at the river when the rear
to that effect. the rear of the regulars and turn the left of under Col. Mills crossed, I cannot say what
mainly see in the Indians, by which means the savages occurred at that timQ,but I never heard that
r me, a more could have been driven into the river, an Indian shewed his face there, if he had
SeYou did not dismount from your horse un- he would most probably have fired on the
ar and a til he had been staggering under you for troops, when he must have exposed his per-
sometime from the effects of two wounds: son to the fire of our men who were admira-
ge could not Ind-eed 1 had been long expecting to see you bly posted, to cover axd protect the bridge.
y part of the both fall, and twice I approached you, fully In the morning while the regulars, who
which fractur- determined to insist upon your retiring to the were on foot; were crossing in the canoe
ear me told rear and to send your orders, through your B. M. Dillan stimab n ofAlachua coun-
rely wounded staff, but Iwas deterred by the apparent use- ty, swam his horse o t the river. For a'time
e rear. Be- lessness of such a request from ,the intense no one followed him. At lenght two of your
de upon the earnestness with which you were engaged, staff, believing it perfectly practicable for
other severe and from the obvious effect your presence the five hundred mouated volunteers to pass
Pot keep up had upon the men. None who heard, can the stream on horseback, mounted their
ed ver forget, your harangue to the soldiers, at the own horses, gave their arms to the soldiers
ed very ra- darkest moment of the fight, when the whole in the canoe and passed through the wa-
utes before line had given way and. were halted; ters in safety. The impression was then
I saw several you declared that the enemy must be beat- and is now, that if O(en. Call had led the
e off, and de- en, that before you -would turn your back, way over the stream that his whole command'
arrival there, upon the foe, you would pour out your hearts would have followed him, for it appeared to
he only time blood upon the field.- be composed offinen-aterials. Their arms and
nuth side of The effect of that speech is well known. ammunition could likewise have been carried
went under You ordered another charge--it was made- in the canoe.
nd wounded The enemy never fired another gun at us af- Indeed if one half of the number had bern
ids attended terwards, nor do I believe an -Indian was crossed over and engaged in the contest with
short time seen after their flight (except three scouts) the same bravery, which characterized the
Although from their occasional yelling they few who took post upon the left of the regu-
Scompletely no doubt hovered about us. lars, the result must have been very differ-
me down to During the action an order was given to eht. I was present when you were asked
ume, for you have the wounded removed to a place of.safe- why you gave the temporary command to
gmgave thoje ty, but there waS a difficulty in findin, such Gen. Call, on recrossing, in preference to
)oss of blood a place. I asked Capt. now Maj. Wm. Gra- nnie ouither who had shared with you in the
I suppose I ham, who, though badly wounded, seenied dangers of the fight-you replied, out of re-
e south side to be thinking more of his men than of hit- gard to Call s feelings.
id' ceased: I self, if he would have his wounded sent to The rest of your letter I will answer brief-
bridge carry- the landing. He replied, no, they wotld ly-Gen. Call, was not in the battle. All
d pistols only go there to be tomahawked. the volunteers who were engaged in the ac-
n frm a About the close of the action, you turned tion, could not have exceeded 25 or 30. in-
ance from a to me and directed that I should go immeii- eluding officers.. They were upon the left of
after crossing ately for the surgeons and request them to- the regulars and were commanded by Col.
since without repair instantly to the field and take charge Warren, except Gen. Call's staff. There
nation which ofthe wounded. *I rode off as fast as y was probably double the number in the right
or any other wounded and weary horse would permit, up- and left flanks upon the formation of the se-
ircumstances on the same path by which you and I had en- cond line, after the fighting was over. You
Neither Maj. tered the field. had proceeded a short dis- have always spoken in my'hearing of the
myself,' nor tance through the scrub when I met Gen. orida volunteers in thehighestand kindest
Ie of the riv- Call, 1 enquired whether a line was formed manner. .
Sthe enemy from the bridgb at rightangles to -thoeriver. T at your conduct on that day should be
he river, for His answer was, no. I told him you had or- impugned is a matter of astonishment to me
h fo dered it, and added but you had better ride as it must be to all who were with you in the
n half mile on and see the Gen. he is close by." H engagement and witnessed your exertions,
that I have passed on to the field and I, to deliver my and the fearless exposure of your person.
at any one orders to the Surgeons, who were but a shot You may however be vilified and slander-
re, and it is distance beyond, engaged in attendance u- ed, yeb you possess the satisfactory conscious-
is discharged on some wounded. On my return I was d&- ness of having at least performed your duty,
ns had been tainted minute by some volunteers having andfrom what I have seen and heard, there
n off by the in charge Maj. Cooper who appeared to be ar. but few, very few who have ever served
river and all mortally wounded. They asked for my blanl- with you, who would not again with alacrity
et which I drew from under my surcingle, enlist under your banners.
imei te gave them and rode back to the field. I men. in the ope of seeig you on my way to
part ofthe tion these things to shew how long I was ab Florida early in October, I remain with
part of the sent,for when I returned the battle wasover: a great respect, Your Ob't Servn't. -
of observ- new line was being formed and you were on GJ. S. LYTLE."
manner, the horseback actively engaged init, and direct GI N. D. L. Cu"c.
Imaging lan- ing the removal ,of the dead and wounded,
en, produc- The right under Capt. Gates had counter. JACKSONVILLE, Oct. 26, 1837.
Searched to the left and Col. Parkhill re. Dear General :-i have seen a statement
y of ohserv- quested me to conduct it to a designated made by Maj. Lyte,giving the details of the
tions which point. The new line was formed in the battle of the Ouithlacooche and the events
tion which scrub and woods. You assisted in its form of that day. Many of the particidars therein
their return action and sometime afterwards rode round it stated, having .come under my wn ob-
and privates to encourage the soldiers, exposmg yurawn -ervation I can coroborate. As relate, to
l attentions person, while the men being ordered to low- you recrossing the river,, he is minutely co,
o bestow, er themselves, were concealed. Afterwards rect. Yours Repsectfully,
ect, when the wounded and dead were convey- JOHN H. M'INTOSH.
erv't. ed over, and the horses re-crossed, I begged -
AHAM, you to go over yourself, as you looked much .0.10,
. U. S. A. fatigued and could be of no further service BOSTON, 28 August 1837.
on that side,- every, thing being ready for General:-Yours of the 5th, ofAugust was

the retrograde movement. But you seemed forwarded to me at this place, and r hasten
unwilling to go. 'I then asked your brother- to give you a statement of what happened
Au.u 1837. in-Jaw, CoL Mclntosh to insist upon it. You, under my observation, with regard to the
-' were near the river at the time-and Gen. Call points mentioned. -
f the 6th inst close by, you observed to him, Gen. Call, I volunteered for the expedition anrd at the
but in con- that if he wished to do so he might remain battle- ofthe Withlacoochee,I actedas adjutant
able to notice and superintend the crossing of troops, while to the battalion of regulars under Col. Fan-
now endea- you would cross over and give the necessary ning. I have repeatedly heard the late, Capt.
to meet your attention to those on the other side, to which Mellon, say that he fired upon a number of
he assented.-It was then near sundown Indians approaching through the swaihp to-
ithlacoochee, and ,certainly two hours after the .fight-, wards the front of the battalion, and that the
nd acted as you crossed upon the bridge, I accompanied fire was immediately returned by them, that
attack com- you and upon reaching the north or east shorp being the commencement of the battle ; and
ar the river, I handed you back your pistols wbich I ha4l I.did not hear that an Indian rifle was fired,
Regulars and carried over for you, and returned to the op- until some time after, except in front of the
all was well: posite side of the river, when Gen. Call di- regulars.
iy rear, and rected me to go round the lines and ascertain The battalion at the time of your joining it,
ng"-I look- if the officers understood the order for re- was covering itself while loading by the un-
n were con- crossing, which I did. He then gave the dergrowth, and spiritedly returning the fire
when I dis- order and recrossed himself, with the right of the enemy. Your first directions I well re-
haste, and a of the regulars. member were,"Extend and charge the enemy."
side. With While Gen. Call, was crossing I called to Before this could be done the Indians opened
the trail, and him and requested that he would direct the a fire on our right flank, covering themselves
Sus, we were canoe which lay at the shore, fifty or a hun- by a black jack know and scrub. The late
ugh a sort of dred yards, above, to be sent down. He- not Capt. Gates was ordered to disperse them,
to a raking knowing what I wanted with it replied, it and Capt. Mellon, to support him, extending
fifty yards, is in a leaky condition, sir< and can be of no and covering. themselves by the scrub u

much a possible. Immediately afterwards N o. 14. "1I am now thoroughly persuaded that the d*cis
Capt. Graham, was ordered to charge to the JACKSONVILLE, E. F. Aug. 1837. ion of Gen. Clinch, (in respect to sending
left. The companies charged as directed, Thisis to certify thatI JAMES B. MASONto the Block-house, on the Withlacoocaee
and I did not see them again until the new was at the battle of the Outhlacoochee, on succor from Fort Drane,) was correct and in
line was formed, and I believe you posted the 31st December, 1835. I/.was placed in such fat .Mr, President, it is extremely difficzt td
. those companies in their new position, while a situation in )that engagement, that I had differ in opinion from that officer, in the 'ifel
I was busily engaged in carrying off the dead frequent opportunities of observing the con- without afterwards finding reason to supSoc
and wounded, during this my attention was duct of Gen. Clinch, who when the battle one's self in the wrong, and so it hIap~bene
called by repeated exclamations of the men, raged and wh n the spirits'of the -men were to me in this case." .
to a body of Indians moving rapidly round almost failing, then encouraged them, and From the time that we met at Fort 'ira e
our right flank into the swamp in front, led on the (harge, by which' the Indian 'up to our separation at Tampa Bay, you t.
driven back as we supposed, by the com- foe was route and subdued, tirementto civil life was a frequent sij;lW
panics detached from the right. After the Ialso certify that Gen.. Clinch, did not re- of conversation in our private and confil..
flank companies had moved as directed, you cross the stream until near sun down, and tial intercourse. You not only felt ;NVour'
dismounted from your horse, then wounded, until all the killed and wounded werere re- aggrieved by the conduct ofthe War Depa
and passing round the left flank, walked crossed and arrangements for re-crossing the ment towards you, but you gave me person l
deliberately along the front of the line ad- troops were ilade. and family reasons which, in your opinion.
dressing the men. The firing ~ras continual during the action would compel you to embrace the earlier
Your first words I shall never forget, utter- Gen. Call did not cross the Outhlacoochee, occasion for resigning your commission.
ed amidst a storm of 'bullets, rapidly in- until the battle had nearly ceased. Heard your determination with deep ,-
creasing as the Indians discovered who you J. B. MASON. gret, but could not find itin my heart to qb-
were, "men I am ready to die on the spot if Sworn to anil subscribed before me, this pose that determination. It was every my
necessary but not to retreat." After en- 29th August, 1837. founded on reasons solid and sufficient. Ac-
couraging and animating the men ou., re- .... EPUEN EDDY, aordigly you took th. oppor, .
mounted and ordered a charge to the front Justice of the Peace.. termination of active, duties for the season
which was made and the Indians driven in- (early in May,) and sent your resi#!ation
to the swamp. You then former a new line, No. 15. through me, to the War Department. In my
posting several companies in person and re- FORT PEYTON, (near MIoultrie Creek,Flo. opinion you were then perfectly at liberty to
peatedly rode along the line, while forming, August 30,,1837. 5 take that step, both in respect to horror and
and after it was formed, encouraging the Dear General:-I received your favor of patriotism, and I have already said that your
men and telling them the Indians were the 21st inst. only a day or two ago, and has- duties to yourself and family, dependent
"flogged." I cannot tell how long it was ten to reply to it.. I will answer as concisely of wounded pride, left you no other course
after the firing ceased before you left the line, as possible, the questions propounded in re- to pursue. Wishing you all honour and
but it was only a short time before the regu- lation to the battle of Ouithlacoohee. I will happiness,
lars commenced reerossing the river. Du- commence by stating that the wounded were My dear General,
ring the whole time I saw you repeatedly and removed to the rear in obedience to an order .I remain truly yourS,
you displayed the utmost coolness and bra- from you, (as I understood) to Fthat effect, WINFIELD SCOTGI'.
very. I did not see Gen. Call, on the field that a hasty examination of the wounds was Gen. D. L. CLINCH.
until long after the firing had.ceased, and made, before they crossed over the river, and /
until the new line, was formed. I repas- then and afterwards, every attention that No. 17.
sed the river in command of Lt. C. Gra- time, place and circumstances Would admit GEORGIA, Personally appeared
ham's company when their turn arriy, of was rendered tothem. I confidently ap Camden County. Stephen D.y appeared
and believe a part of Gen. Call's co) peal, for the correctness of this statement, who being duly sworn, deposes ntD d sean
covered the crossing, as I saw and lo Maj. Win. Graham, Capt. C. Graham and that he was a volunteer in Florida, beongys
encouraging his men, as I passed n tOLieut. Ridgely, the former of whom I met t he was a voluteer Forida, belong-
the river-very respectfully, and accompanied to the spot occupied by the ing to company H. coumnanded by Capt.
Your Obd't Se wounded, where he remained until the bridge Turner, Col. Warren'sRegiment, and that
G. H. TAI TT. was prepared, when he walked over with his he was present on the 1Jst Dec. 1835, at
Lt. 3d. Artillery. brother C. Graham,and was followed shortly the battle of Withlacoodhee and upon that
To GEN. D.. CLin.. afterwards by Lt. Ridgely. Neither of those occasion was acting wit -Capt. Dill's com-
gentlemen were so much disabled by their pany : that this deponent was detailed on
.o. e1r. wounds as to render walking impracticable. the advance guard, but through mistake
This is to certify that I, John Villalonga, After crossing they remained but a short was placed in the rear guird; that he asked
of East Florida, was present on the bank of time in the rear of the troops, stationed along permission of the officer cDmmanding said
the Ouithlacoochee on the 31st. Dec. 1835, the banks of the river, to protect the recross- 'guard, to advance to the river, that imme-
and was with others, desirous of crossing ingof te regulars and militia engaged in diately after his arriving at the river and
said stream, to join the forces then inaction the fight, when they were removed by the befig on the point. of crossing it in the
unler Gen. D. L. Clinch, when a "positive direction of Gen. Call, further back into the beng o the pin of ing it i the
order was issued by Col. Parish-emanating swamp: while there it was reported that the canoe, the firig commence on the oppo-
frumn Gen. Call, both of whom gave orders, Indians had crossed and were coming up site side of the river. He then advanced
that no man should cross, under peril of his on the north side of the river, which very up the river where Indians tired at them
life, and that myself and others were compel- much alarmed the wounded,_ who were en- from the opposite side, and this deponent
led to retire, and without the satisfaction of tirely unprotected, had such an event occur- with others, returned -the fi\e, when he
aiding in the battle which was then raging red. D. C. Graham who heard the report started to go to Gen. Call for the purpose
on the opposite side of said stream or river; walked again to the bank of the river, and of obtaining permission to cross the river,
and I further certify that Gen. D. L. Clinch, there took a position plo.e by, and in rear of and on his waywas met by an office
did not recross the Ouithlacooche until all or, the regulaCr until the recrossing was effect- as Gen. Call's Aid-de-Camp, Who ordered
very nearly the whole number oftroops had ed, and the r-oops.moved to the place of en- 1 m back to tle pPosition formerly o -ered
taken up theirT edition on, the baink.of the campment for the night. Ididnotsee Gen. i k h p1 o J7-1ormerly occ-
river. Cllliover tt rfvrer rtt'tle smith Side) until .3 4, to d,.c o. a, .il... ....... *.*-^* ... ,.
r Given under my hand and seal this Ith. a part of the' wounded had been put across; co encemet of the battle he observed
August 1837, this was after the firing had ceased, and at a that the Florida volunteers were faced to
JOHN S VILLALONGA time when I did not conceive there was any the rear; and further that it was generally
Sworn to before me particular danger, as I believed the Indians understood, that Gen. Call ordered the
Sworn to before me,of S M had been driven back,' routed and whipped.. volunteers not to cross the river, and that
S. CLARKE, Intendant of St: Mary's. In conclusion Gen. allow me to say, that hebelieves Dill's company could and Would
-No. 12 what I saw of your conduct on that occasion, have crossed the river, had they been or-
was unsurpassed for coolness and intrepidity, dered so to do.
JACKSONVILLE, E. F.,Aug. 29,1837. and had it not been for your unequalled ex- STEPHEN D. FERNANDEZ.
This is to certify that I, Joshua Fenni- ertions in encouraging the men, a very dif- before me this 16th Septem-
-oe w a \ tofhferent and much more lainentable tale would Sworn to, before me this 16th Septem-
iore, was at the battle of the Ouithla- have been told of the battle of the Ouithia- ber, 1837.
coocheeon the 31st. of De* 1835. That coochee. I am dear sir, A. J. BESSENT, Not. Pub.
whilst crossing the stream I heard Gen. Very Respectfully
Call distinctly, give orders that no man Your most ob't. serv't. .Ao. 18. -
should cross the stream under penalty of JNO. HAMILTON. JACKSONVILLE, Sept. 25. 1837.
their lives. That having crossed the river Gen. D. L. CLINCH.
I saw Gen. Clinch, in the thickest of the Dear Sir:-In answer toyour enquiry
battle urging the men to be *firm. The- No. 16. in a letter of the 9th, inst I have the honor
order was given to charge, when the regu- KNOXVILLE, Tenn. Sept. 6, 1837. to state, that on the 2d. of Dec. 1835, you
lars and the volunteers charged upon the Dear General:-Your letter of the 6th ult. called on me to raise one hundred niount-
Indians and routed them. From the po- has but justreached me, and I hasten to re- ed volunteers, to proceed to the defence
sition in which I was, I had a view of ply.by the first mail. of the Alachua frontier:- To this call I
Gen. Clinch, who was at all times urging You ask me to state the len gth of time that proceeded to respond, but on the 5th Dec.
and encouraging the men to conquer or die. Have knownyou, my opinion of your quali- received an order from Brigadier General
During the whole of the fight, which ficwas tons and services as a commander, partic- Hernandez, to arm and put in motion my
a contDuinual fire, Gen. Clinch displayedfh h a ularly n reference tothe part you bore in the entire regiment, and to proceed with two
commencement of the present wr with the hundred mounted men and. to report to
coolness and intrepidity unsurpassed. I Seminoles; whether in the many conversa- u rervice, len the to posts
also certify that Gen. Clinch did not re- tions between us, in Florida, you did not of- you for service, leavmg the others on posts
cross the Ouithlacoochee, until near sun ten state the motives andreason which would to protect our own imrtluediate frontier.
set and all the killed were recrossed, and compel you to resign atthe erid of the cam- At Newnansville a few days after, on
arrangements made for recrossing the rest paign, in which we were then engaged, your way to Fort Drane, you.called on the
of ithe troops. and whether those motives and reasons citizens of Alachua, Columbia and Hamil-
JOSHUA FENNIMORE. were not consideredby me as amply suffi- ton counties, to raise one hundred and fit-
b xcient. You conclude by saying that you ty mounted volunteers, for the same pur-
Subscribed and sworn to, before me this may find it necessary to publish my reply in pose which was promptly responded to. t
29th day of August 1837. defence of your character against the attacks I took up the line of march ofi the 9th of
STEPHEN EDDY, ofyour enemies. .. December with the troops to join you at
Ju-tice of the peace. ofmer ~intwinate acquaintance wita ou Wetumka, the place of rendeavous, and
SOpersuasionr that you have never said or done the 12th, received an order by expr ss
.o. 13" aught which could justly give offence to an from General Hernandez, to take Nev-
ST. JOHNS E. F. Aug. 1837. honorable man, I can hardly bring myself nansville in my route and to call on Cot.
This is to certify that 1, Oran Baxter; to believe it necessary to reply to your en- Sanchez, commanding the 6th, Regi nt
Actn'g 1st. Lieut. of ComYv B.., F M' uiries, not having seen either of the attacks F. M., for a hundred .more men, which 1

was at the battle of the Ouithlaoochee 'o wncn you aune. uiu. jims quota was proipuy turnsled, |
Wto which you allude. did. -Thiis quota was promptly furnished, l
n theat31sth Dec 835,e and thlac hcIee, To the high character and value of your and more even than was called for. )n
on the 3ist, vDec. 1i.5, and that I heard services generally, and particularly in Flor- the 15th of December, I marched fnm c
Col. Parrish, give positive orders that no ida, I have on innumerable private and sev- Newnansville, and. some organizat n, 1
man should cross the river to where the oral public and solemn occasions borne- my and arrangement being necessary, a al
battle was raging, and that these orders humble, but hearty testimony. Thus inmy was made at Fot n ne aOn it i
were given in presence of Gen. Call, as., report to government, da*ed Tampa Bay, of the 16th, I received or ers trom onht
emanating from him. Threats were used April 12, 1836, I said of you:-"-JHe through-dated at FrtDrne to procereceived aorers rndom
and we were 'all ordered to retire to the out tLe marclh, commanded his column with uated at t ane, to proceed and amW r s
line. I however did cross-to -the conclu- judgment and ability and at the principal out the Hammocks in and about aa- t
sion of the battle, when I saw Gen. Clinch, combat .[in the corc,J bravely dismounted and hoota; on sthe 17th, hearing that some ie- n
who manifested perfect command of him- followed, his troops above the knees, (I ought predations had been committed in hlie a
,self. I am ulder the pression that Gen. to have said, dist)in mud In the report of Orange Lake settlement, a detachment 1as h

tion of a f ew shots, after ithe Indians had sede yo in the common Florida, against ol. Mills to proceed to Wacahoota ith n
been charged andhad retreated. my private wishes, I old the Court that, Br- sent in tat diecton, oil t necessary, in w t

ORAN BAXTER had moreover, the h.ighest.confidence in the consequence of ndian demonstration in our ti
Subscribed and worn to fr tl judgment and abilities .of Gen. Clinch, inde- real to commence a new line of operate n, d
soth f A n .wo to before me this pendent of his better knowle of Florida Lt. Col. iills was ordered back to the origin b.
th day of Augu battl was7. and of the cEnemy to be conabatted." And al enu-apleit at Fort Crum. On the 1ith 01
firg was not continued, wit Y, again, upon the occasion of reading one of Decemer Gen. Call, came to my enanp-
been chasticerged and ad eetreated.ts to te same Court, roe and said eCourt thatt wit a reiment under the comm d i
*hadmoeover the higheat Confidence in .the demonstration in ..u" tit


3- of Col. R. C. Parrish, and publiahod.an
g order from G. K. Walker, Sec'retary, then
' acting governor of Florida, placing him in
d command of all the Florida trbops in- the
d field. For three or four days, Jyevious to
t this it had been reported that Gein. Call,was
en his way east with troops. but the
troops of Gen. Hernandez brigade 'were
raised, organized and led to the field,
. without any agency of any person except
t their own proper officers, based first on
Gen. Hernandez order of 10th Nov. 1835,
f requiring the brigade to be organized and
held in readiness in anticipation of hostili-
ties (which every person in East Florida
had long anticipated) and second, from
your requisition for troops, and Gen. Her-
nandez order consequent thereon. On the
21st Dec. we marched to Hagan's, %here
we had a skirmish with a few Indians, and,
where you arrived the same evening and
had an interview with Gen. Call.'
On the" 20d; -we- too''-,-,.a. line of
march to Fort Drane. From that post the
troops under your command, on the '28th
-or 29th, took up the line of pnarch to
the Ouithlacoochee. Reaching that river
about sunrise on the morning of the 31st.
we found an Indian canoe capable of car-
rying eight men, in which you ordered the
regulars to commence crossing thIe river.
About 10 o'clock Gen. Call, came to me
and told me that some of my men were
deserting, and that I had better go and at-
tend to them. I rod'e out and enquired of
the different Captains and found tlhat they
were no Lmy men, but the volunte'-s fr'om
Middle5^ rida, about 25 or 30 of whomuii had
already gofie. I returned & toll the general
that they were not my men, but thle volun-
teers from Middle Florida,& unless attended
to. that a great many more would go. Gen. \
Call, then went to look after the men, '
and in a short time returned to the river.
I requested of you to permit me to cross
my regiment, and you told me to do so i
as quick as I pleased, and I gave an or-
der for them 'to make rafts to cross their
baggage and saddles over, w hidci was im-
mediately done. Between twelve and one"
o'clock, after the regulars under'the coin- I
man d of Lt. Col. Fanning, and twenty five
or thirty of my men, together with myself,
Lt. Col. Mills, Maj. Cooper and Adjutant
Phillips, with a part of the arms, accoutre- 1
ments and horses of my regiment, had i
crossed the river, the Indians commenced
their attack on the regulars, ori iight wing.
You, who were engaged in suplerintendi6 ig
the erection of a bridge, mounted your .
horse and iode with speed to the scene of
action. Soon after several Indians made
their appearance on the left, and filet I
.".r.s rivAr- -As ,quickly as possible I
formed % hat few men I had "across the
river, and charged upon them in the
swamp hand drovejthem back. The Indians
gave way and disappeared. 'The firingon 4
the right was heavy, which wing the regi- ,t
lars occupied. I then formed my men <
.and marched up to the left of the regulars i
and joined them in a charge which final- t
ly routed the Indians. When 1 arrived on t
the left of the regulars, I saw you in the act
of dismounting from your wounded horse, i
and you continued to give orders, leading r
your men to the charge on foot, conducting r
the charge and giving orders in a cool and s
officer-like manner. As soon asI had an a
opportunity to speak to you, I observed that a
some of my men were badly wounded, as c
well as myself, and enquired what I should h
do with them. You replied that I must A
take them back to the river, where they s
could be examined by a surgeon. When h
I had gone about half way to the river with v
the wounded men, I met General Call tl
coming up who had just crossed the river. C
As soon as I arrived at the river I proceed- t(
ed to cross myself and men. 1 enquir- b
ed of the remaining part of my regiment d
why they did not cross, and come to our as- 3
distance, and they replied that they were tc
prevented from crossing.by Col. Parish, h
who stated it was by the order of Gov.Call, ti
and but for that order, they could and
would have crossed. w
I cannot say any thing further relative se
to the recrossing of the troops, 1 being hV
wounded and hot able to attend to duty. hi
I am Dear General with great respect.
Your Ob't. Serv't
WASHINGTON CITY, Oct. 1, 1837.
Dear General:-1 have received your
better anid shall endeavor to reply to it.
Our command reached the Withlacoo-

chee river on the morning of the 31st Dec.
1835. just after day break, and upon find-
ng that the guide had .missed the ford, r
wo men of Capt. Mellon's company 2d O
Artillery, privates Dunnonan and cc
warn across the stream and brought back or
o the north side a canoe, in which the tm
ien were crossed 7 or 8 at a time. After en
great portion of the battalion of Regulars w
iad crossed, Col. Fanning was directed ri
o move up to-some dry ground, from ge
hence he could protect the landing. Up- rg'
n arriving with tmy command (it being tiC
he left flank company,) I found the battal- .ed
on formed-the menri at rest. After re- SL
gaining about two hours, I heard the ain
vords "fall in, fall in," repeated several "cl
tmes in a loud voice, by the officer of the cai
ay, Capt. Mellon. The sentinels having oc
een placed some distance in the hammock la-s
n discovering-Indians called to the 'Cor-' ed
orial of the guard and gave the informal ,
on, The corporal approached but dis

ST. AUGUSTINE, E. Florida,.
Oct. 1 1837.
Dear General :-In reply to your itter-
igatories relative to the battle. of the
uithlacoocheeI can state, that you ac-
>sted me in a short time after you arrived
the battle field, which was in a :few
minutes 'after the action commenced, .and
inquired if- my wouilds were very bad- .
hen you advised me to go d6wn to the
ver and have them dressed by the sur-
eons. tYou then passed on t awards the
ght of the line, giving orders and direc-
>ns to the troops, and when you return- "
, you again advised me to repair to the
irgeon. I told you,that preferred remain-
g on the field.& continued-walking about_
)se in the rear f the.regulars, except oc-
sionally 'setting down from weakness
chsioned by the loss of blood. After'the
st charge was made and the enemy rout-
, I moved towards the river, when

(Concludedi the Supplement.

believed the sentinel. He wax agari'call- .' -
ed, and.alin repeated his disbelief. The
third tiMeihe was satisfied that there Were
iiniians utjd ran in and gave thie alarm to
Capt. MeiUon, the officer of the day. The
hattalioli'being instantly on the alert, by
order-of Col.. Fanning, Capt. Mellon asked
permission of the Colonel to. fire at two
Indians whom he discovered in the liam-
mock. Permission was granted--Mellon
fire, which drew the fire from the whole
Iidian 'line, which was returned by the
,bat several ininutes however hav-
I .,between the alarin and the
rtS UMt _ofa gun. Col. Fanning
tL e barge of battalion, which
wWI .1huallniock. when the men
rag. sequence of the word re-
,. | given by some one un-, V
' ne you arrived, and dis-
title confusion of ihe men
Save orders.to extend the

about' leading my company '
ali onir in, te i anunimmock, I dis-
co vate Griflin of my company
pasi --,.*be rear of the company, and
pritd i awards the left. Upon enqtir-
in ie'menh, lie itifurniedme that a'
par undians'was posted in the ham-
finol.y k i-ther to tie left, who were
shoo -ii our umen. I immediately
too .f the company and ran with
itld ett into the'hnammock and
dro I dians, which was their right
flRi ich point private Montgomiery
wa & I received my second wound, *
wl 'firing ceased and the whole of 0
the.^ s retireie.-In going from lhoe
ipoii|)iny to tlie point where tha
vere, I passed Col. Warren and
!ers, nadancinig no the hammock.
the action the enenmy attempted '
?r ri-giht, when lthe two companies .
b.y Capts. Gates and Nmellon,
Sifd 1o inmer them, when they
w .~ted lby those officers and driven

_I-'3itterly surprised that your con-
. that day should be questioned.
W't- sed yourself from the moment
iPd (a few ininites nfter the action
.ed) to a .most galling fire from
y, -in entleavouring to ihrow the
ito single file and extending the line
a.' f-u giving encouragement and good
ar o ihe men. throughout the day. And
S believe that if it had nor b 6
S .
If, .

wonf then have crossithe riveram-sa-
srificed tle whole of Gen.Call command.
Just after'the close of the- action, I heard-
Gen. Call address you in my rear; at that
time you were on horseback. He was not
exposed during the action. Col. Parish
informed nie lihanhe hid-oler e li- s if"n'
o cross, and eight or ten of them had ac-
ually plunged in to swirm the river, Twhen
Gen. Call gave a positive order to tile vol-
anteers not to cross, but to form aline to
receive the enemy on the north side of the
iver. Capt. Somerlin of East Florida,
several times told me, that he had-ordered
nd prepared to cross his company to your
assistance, when his order was positively
ountermanded, and he directed to form
is company with Col. Parish's command:
laxey Dell, who was the first man to
wim the river on horseback, told me that
e recrossed the river to get his gun and
'as about returning to the south aide of
he river, when h.e was prevented by Gen.-
'all. I believe that the mounted volun-
eers could have been crossed by Gen. Call
y swimming their horses. As an evi-
ence of the practicability -to do so, Lieint.
benjamin Maxey Dell, Col. John H. Meln-
)sh andMaj. John S. Lytle swam their
horses over the river in the early part of
ie day. .
You had every attention paid to the
woundedd that could have beeh, and your-
,lfvisited each wounded man, to see that
e had such assistance as could be given
im on the field.
I am General,
Your obd't. Serv't.
Capt.4 Brv't. Major.
Gen. D. L. CrcNH,
Si. Mary's, late of the U. S. Army. ..



We are but wanderers on a dreamy shore;
Isthmus between eternity and time-
But, in the distance, gleams that light sub-
Which breaketh through our darkness ever.
more._ -
We are but pilgrims by the .,t'
Here picking up a pebble, tli
Now dulled by wo, now p
Our sad inheritance since A
Oh, what a dismal death in
If with our earthly being, a
'Twas thine to save us from al
L. Ry-a dPPr ,,.i.'g _thy'i
As, from that mercy sprang th
So may "Thy kingdom come
Lord !

Tby willbe done To us who w I
In the dim shadow of this vale of
Where joy a moment smiles, th
Is it not well, oh, Lord of life, t
l Even when thou smilest, Mlle
blow: '
Thy will be done We but obs'
The mighty mazes of thy wondro,
SAnd what Thou dost in love we Md"
Teach us to profit by each pain,
' Heavenward, by faith, to raise'.
Thee- -
To trust the motive which we ca
Until, when every earthly doubt be
Our hearts, in truth, may say, "
done! '

From the Knickerbocker Maga
Ye bid me mingle in the dance
And smile among the young
Ye say that grief will dim my gli
And turn my raven tresses grey
I care not, yet I strive to bow,
In meekness to my lonely fate,. .

-A stranger B reniie lhe very song
That first he warbled in my ear.
The words, the tune, but ah that tone,
What living lips could imitate ?
'Mid laughing crowds I stood alone,
-.Uln'mrt~rafty diestlate.'

.miss him by the evening hearth,
I miss him at the silent meal,
But keenest in the bower of mirth
My joyless solitude I feel:
But late I saw a happy bride,
Smile fondly on her wedded mate,
While I, oh! would that I had died.
With him who left me desolate.
Ye speak of wealth-in Mammpn's mart
There's not a *ingle boon I crave;
Gold cannot heal the broken heart,
Nor bribe the unreturning grave :
It cannot fill the vacant seat
Where once my honored husband sat,
Nor still my heart's convulsive beat,
Nor make my home less desolate.

Alas! the base on which we build
Hope's fairest fabric, is but air,
And laughs the heart, when God has
To lay his chastening finger there.
A brighter, happier dream than mine
Did never love and hope create;
I bowed before an earthly shrine,
And Heaven has left me desolate.
And yet not so : my soul be calm-
The hand that smiteth will sustain;
Thou hast a helper on whose arm
The mourner never lean'd in vain.
0 may that arm the pilgrim guide
By therstraight path and narrow gate,
To where the loved in bliss abide,
And hearts no more are desolate.

aSepulcra Diruta, Nudati Manes."

1 was about completing my medical stu-
S dies at 1L-, and endeavoring to fit my-
aelffor final examinations, when an inhab-
itant of that place died of a disorder, the
precise nature of which had not been dis-
covered by his physicians, but was suppos-
Sed to be disease of the heart. The af-
fections of that region of the body, being a
subject which particularly engaged my at-
tention at the time, I was extremely anx-
S o tis to procure the body for examination.


our operations, and to bring away the body.
S We hql a journey of about two miles
to make the burial ground.' It was a foggy
November night, with that unseasonable
% warm, damp atmosphere which invariably
imparts its dampness to the spirits, and
conjures up into the memory nought but
the recollections of unpleasing events, and
which, unlike the flitting moments of a
pleasant fancy, seemed to be flapping their-.
gloomy winds around the portals of the
mind, without our having the power to
Y dispel them. My thoughts thus imbibing
the gloona from around, were made more
unpleasant from their naturally centering
." upon mvycontemplated night's work, as 1
sat in my, chamber awaiting the hour of
twelve. \This was my first expedition of
the kind; and although several of my fel-
a low students had performed the like, and
from oyr frequent conversations on the
n subjeetwhlich was a matter of grg plea
santry at our convival meeting I had
D fancied myself sufficiently familiar !with
its contemplation, to go through with it:
ree firont all anxiety, still, the nearer the
J.time approached, the more uncomfortable
ny feelings became, and by the time 1
reached- thb place of starting, my depress-
ion of spirits was so great, that I was glad
. to have recourse to some in a liquid state
which my worthy colleagues had brought
' amongst their other necessaries for our in-

ended purpose.
"Subjects rather scarce now, your Hon-
or," qtid my assistant, with a truly profes-
sionsl unconcern,
"Yes," said his com peer in body snatch-
ing "folks takes good care to vatch the
corpsesi.now, there's so many of our trade
about." "
,"The devil confound you both, ye Hy-
'Wnns," said '1 to mnvself I h,1aisrn ,r,-,T
dig up th1e mothers that bare ye, with the
same uticoncern you would a potatoes "
But tint encouraging the conversation I
was left to my gloomy thoughts until I
reached the grave-yard, when I again and
again repented of my undertaking.
The vehicle stopped; we got out, that
is, my assistant and myself, leaving for the
present the other in charge of the horse
and wagon. My colleague being the ex-
perienced one, I waited for him to com-
mence operations, which he did by first
taking out the spades, &c. and then taking
out the cork of the jug, of the contents of
which we all three partook. When he
clambered over the low wall of the burial
ground, I handed him the tools and fol-
lowed. We found the grave without dif-
ficulty, he having previously marked the
My feelings had by this time overcome
me, 1 shuddered: it was at my tongue's
end to desire my assistant to desist from
the work by this time commenced, but
the thoughts of the ridicule I was :to'ex-
pect from my fellow students, to whom I
had imparted my design, and who profess-
ed to look upon such an undertaking as a
frolic, deterred me. He looked at me as ii
wondering that I did not assist. I essayed
I threw out a few spades full of earth, but
I could not have gone on if worlds were to
have been my reward; my knees shook,
my frame tottered, a cold sweat came upon
me, I was ready to sink.
"Youare not afraid, are you ?" said my
"No," I answered. My feelings certain-
ly were not those of fear; I was most as-
suredly not afraid of any thing: there were
evidently no persons watching the grave
I was not afraid of being discovered, bu
my conscience was not at rest; the loneli
ness of the place, my previous unpleasan
thoughts, the unhallowed cause of my be
ing there, all combined had made me ner
vous to such a degree, that my limbs fail
ed me, and I was almost helpless.
Well, suppose you lend a hand, sir
The old fellowvsleeps soundly enough; yot
wont wake him by making a noise over
head-he'll not hear you," chuckled Im





I consulted with a man who had been
in the habit of procuring us subjects for
dissection, encering the feasibility of dis-
intering tho corpse and carrying it off with
out discovery. We finally concluded to
make the attempt. He arranged to meet
me at midnight with an assistant, and a
light wagon to carry the Jimplements for

selves secure. IU about two hours they
cautiously returned, and found me lying, to
all ap7arances dead, on the grave we had
distu bed. I hal five wounds given with
a kniee or some sharp instrument in my
breast in the neighborhood of the heart.
My assailment was discovered to be
D---, a lunatic Poet, who was always be-
fore considered harmless, and who was
in the habit of roaming about at all hour

f the night.

4 'w_ A, r T- f-V WAr '3T'
A BOY of good moral character, who can
read tolerably well, may meet with a
fair opportunity of learning the prihtting bu-

siness,by applying to the editor of this paper.

first rate Schooner Rigged SAIL
* BOAT.-Apply at this office.
Oct. 12

T HE Subscriber has commenced the gen-
141 EAST BAY,and solicits the patronage o
his friends and the public.
Chlirleston, Oc- 1st, 1837. *$2

SIX Weeks from date, I shall apply to thi
Judge of the County Court of Duva
County, for letters of administration on the
estate-of SJ/MUEL BLM.IR, deceased.
Oct. 12, 1837. 6-1

AN Assistant to a Medical Practitioner i
required-a gentleman duly qualified
will meet with liberal encouragement.-ad
dress to the Editor of this paper.
Oct. 12
IX weeks after date, application will b
made to the Hon.the Jdge of the Coun
ty Court of Duval County, for letters of Ad
ministration on the estate of.JAMES DULJV
Oct.a12, 1837.

A LL Persons are hereby forbid to cut Tim
A hex upon the lands of Pinkston an
Wef h without permission from the proprie
Nt B. All clap -boards or shingles found
split upon said land will in future be carte
off4 belonging to the proprietors.
H Qt. 12. ,

Jacksonville, Oct. 11, 1837.
ervESERTED on the 30th September lag
URIAH ROBERTS, a Corporal in th
service of the Unised States, belonging i
Cap Waterman's Company of Florida Vo
unte ers.
Said Roberts is about twenty-tw
yeai of agc, five feet seven or eight inches
liir, of a dark complexion; and has a dow
looe when conversing-he left as I ha'
beei informed in a schooner bound for Cha
lestI, S. C.
lt JOHN WARREN, Col. Comd.
Oct. 12 1st Regt. F. V.

O .5,1837. o10-lwi

d d surest means of receive commercial
.d NOTICE. intelligence from-abroad. The rapid arrange,
IX weeks after date application will be ments that we have beed compelled to make
S3 made to the Hon. the Judgeofthe Co- r e publication of the Express," have of
Courtof Dural County for Letters of course put itout of our power to have a new,
ty oourt, of Duva t Conty, for Let JO f Press, but we have ordered one of the first
administration on the Estat o J quality, a double cylinder, which will be
STR.ND,.des. D done by the middle of September. and then
J. M. OWDER1 the "Expres" will be the largest R aily.etws-.
5t, Aug.'31. paper --the-1
F OR SALE. The arrangements of our office, though not
o r w.FOR SALE. '" .i wholly completed, are rapidly advancing.-
1." desirable situation on the St.Johns River We have established at a great expense, a
THE Subscriber offers for sile his place Correspondence with every importaAt see-
eo T at Mandarin, near Buckley's Bluff. It tion of our country, and soon as possible we
Vs contains about twenty-one acres of good land intend to do the same with every interesting
and is a favorable location for a.person wish- part of the world. Our subscription list hap
e ins to engage in mercantile pursuits. There increased and is still increasing beyond our
. are on the place a frame house, store, and highest expectations. We feel sure of ulti-
storehouse, a spring of excellent water, and mate success and it will therefore be our
a grove containing about seventy-five orange. pride to deserve it. With sucharrangements
reesi all in fine order. as these, we hope to have a fair shareof pub-
For further particulars, inquire of 0. M ic patronage, to deere wh we ll -
to DoRA, Esq. or of Dr. A. D. WooD, near suredly do all that is i our power.
the premises. BROOKS & HUDSON,
BENJAMIN TJOMPSON**' City, omor of Wall and Water sts.

"But I hear you," said a deep, stern
voife from behind me.
iy companion vanished in an instant. I
qui k turned myself round; my throat was
grasped by a hand that almost thrilled me;
-I should have sunk but for the support
which the arm afforded me. A man clad
in black, whose piercing eyeballs seemed
to look into my very soul broke upon
my vision.
"What do you here?" he. said in that
cilm, deep tone, which with his unloos-
e grasped, his'fiend-like eye, seemed hor-
rible, most horrible. "What do 'you here?"
h. repeated, with a voice now showing the
fiA'ce passions which ruledhim, whilst his
ho,.) upon my throat became insupportable
--A9-A ... ]asvll-4ogi= wrotoah thou fiset-
of.kin to Satan, who cannot let his bones
rest in peace, who never wronged you.
Thy time on earth is short-thy wretched
carcass shall be bartered for by villains like
Something glittered before tmy eyes. I
felt a sharp accute pain in my breast. My
eyes swam, my powers of vision left me.
I felt again and again a sharp, cutting sen-
sation and lunging against my ribs. 1 can
recollect ro more.
When ] recovered my senses, I found
myself in umy own chamber. My friend
S- waq with me, and continued so al-
most night and day until 1 was convales-
cent, which was not until more than three,
weeks. I learned from him that my assis-
tant, on taking to flight, ran to the vehicle
and with his companion drove in all haste
to'a place at which they thought them-

* I

S"IrHE architectural beauty of many of the
a X PUBLIC BUILDINGS of' thiity is prover-
bial. They have not only beeR the pride ofP0
the city, but excite the attention of all strary
,TOTICE is hereby given that a nmeetlng gers. Believing that it would be highly ,e-
I of the Stockholders of th East Floridag ceptable to our numerous patrons, scattred
Rail Road Company will e d on the fir as they are from the Lakes to the Ocean, to
Monday in February, 1838, athalf past 3 o' be presentedwith Splendid 17usroas, fromo
clock, P. M. at o. 1. Commercial wharf the hands of first rate artists-%%e have made
clock, P. M. at No. 1. Commercial wharf, in arrangements to bring out a complete series.
the city of Boston, to chooseDirectors arrangements to bring out complete series.
the city of Boston, to choose Direactors for They will embrace a correct and well execut-
the ensuingyear, agreeable to \he act of in- ed view of all the PUBLIC EDIFIcES, of our
corporation, and to transact any other busi- and vicinity forming in the end a collec-
ness that nray legally come bdfore it. city and vicinity forming in the end a collec-
s that mayD HNSHAW tion, that may well be termed the LIONs or
DAVIDPres. E. R. PHILADELPHIA, and which will be 'presented
Boston,!Sept. 12- .10-4in. to our patrons, without trenching upon the
Boston, Sept.13, ....10- usual variety of our columns. Where it may
'IST OF LETTERS be expedient we will accompany the engrav-
MAINING in th O e at Jack ings with suchlscriptions of size and tacts
-R EMAINING in the Post Office at Jack of history, as may be of interest.
J sonville, on the a1st day 6f October, 1837 of history, as may be of interest.
and ifno takan..mt.inAhree montl,, wijll ,Wee lall begi Lthe publication as soon as
-bei-set to the General ',ost Office as dead we g't several engravings from the-hands of
letters. the artrmts, who are now at work upon them.
-A Archabald Hogans On the apiferance of the first view we shall
H especially incit'se our edition of the Cour-
BMiss Ahomandrewss arris ier, to supply th" who may wish to obtain
S. L. Burritt T anid preserve these ws.
H.R. Blanchard1 2 Charles Johnson *. The views will also',appear regularly in
H. R. Blanchard 2 Charles Johnson h PaXLAD enu Mu~o
C. Breward Daniel Joice h L MIR
A. Buckettsw K i [GYAs a trifling expression of our regard,
B, B rackebey Z. Ki sle we shall print the whole series, at their com-
k K ey pletion, upon fine white paper, in uniform
S. C. Braddock 2 Bram Kingsley style-formingo a beautiful collection of
John Burrett Wm. McKay Views, and present them to such of our coun-
Mr Win. Biggs L try brethren, as may oblige us by an -inser-
C. Bisbee John F. Lee tion of tins notice.
C Frederick Leaber Philadelphia. June 27, 1837-aug 31.
A. R. Crum 2 Ctalini Lancaster
Lieut C.O. Collins Capt George Lathan
Elizabeth Crosher Lt. J. W. S. McNeiIl W YORK EXPRESS is a daily
Comm'd of Picalata James Murray a eiii-weekly Newspaper, lately es-
Mr. J. McCollough B. A. Morgan talist the. city of New York, by JAMES
Mr. McCall Capt. J. B. Mason BRooi ourtlanid, (Maine,) and ROBERT
D P E. HUDSON, ot Hudson's News Room. The
James Dell 6 Win. Pennington price of the Dailjyteii dollars, and of the
Mr. Dorman 7 Elizabeth Pellman, semi-weekly ou ullars in. advance, and
Samuel Davis Thomas Page five if not paid withiinhe year. Subscribers
John Donellay M. H. Phillips out of town not known to the proprietors are
Dr W H Deforest 2 R expected to give references in New York,
E Lt. J. F. Roland unless the money accompanies their order.
Dr E S Emory Lt. E. C. Ross The Proprietors of the Express know full
F John Rechard well that in the management of a taily news-
John Felleller S. Robinson paper in New York, the Editors must naith-
Wm Flake S er sleep nor slumber upon their posts, and
EdwiFerri Arthur Stotesury while thousands of their fellow-citizens are
Edwin Ferris Arthur Stoteshury n their beds, that is the time for them to be
G Corporal Seibel at their desks, but they are prepared for all
R.-B. Gregory 19 John Sadler this exertion. They have the health, spirits,
Lieut J. Graham U and the age for such an encounter, and are
Dan Gardener F. A.Underwood ready for it, knowing full well as they do,
Wm Galpin W the activity of their contemporaries and their
H J Mrs A meia Warren indefatigable exertion never to be outdone.
Joshua lHick man George Wood But nevertheless, they think there is room
Je.hu uf han __ ii-P is Wilds for them. New York is ar.-riang with a
Winm. B. Hart MlrsJane Williamson rapidity that defies calculation and mocks at
John Higginbotham Oen Winigatt prophecy,marching onward even *ith stride
M. Henry 3 i Charles Willey that threaten a close approximation to the
WM. B. ROSS, P. M. Empire city of the commercial world over
Oct, 5 the sea :-and sure in this vigorous and mae
vellous growth, a new Journal may succeed,'
NEW SUPPLY OF where others have, when New York was, as
A' O i it were but in her swathing clothes, and not
ii" GOODS. the giant she now is-with her thousand arms
stretching all over both the old world, and
C.ILL A.N'D SUIT YOURSELVES. the new. In such a great city then, the heart
T HE subscriber has just returned from of our vast land, and the link between that
the North with a large and elegant land and Eurow- where no taxes upon pa-
f supply of GOODS, which he is now open- per, no stamiips, no restrictions upon the Press,
ing at his store in Jacksonville, and offers enriumber and overload the business of Jour-
for sale as CHEAP as they can possibly be nalizing, there is ample scope and range
purchased any where on the St. Johns River. enough for us and all our contemporaries too.
They were selected expressly to suit the -,The great and primary object of the Pro.
wants of this community, and comprise near- y
wants of this community, and comprise nea prietors is to create a commercial newspaper,
ly every article usually called for. histhanksbut it is just as impossible to live in this hot
J to his friends and the public in general for political world of ours without mingling in
e the liberal patronage heretofore extended to politics, as to go into the fire without being
him and solicits a continuation of their fa- burnt. True, when the Whigs aver that two
himrsCHESTER BISBEE. and two make four, and the friends of Mr.
Sept. 28 9tf Van B uren, aver that two and two make but
Three and a half, they could take the ground
HOTEL IN JACKSONVILLE.. of neutrality, aied aver as loudly as either,
HOTEL IN JACKSONVILLE. that two and two make three and three-
,d ,-' & fourths: but there'is a rgigt and a wrong
d side on every question, and one must in a
^" s. country like this be on some side or other.-
IN CONSIDERATION of the increase of As to this right political side,weare quite sure
population in this City, the numerous that it is that of the Whigs, but were it oth-
strangers, who constantly visit here, and the erwise we should be puzzled enough to pub-
ebright prospect before us of making augmen- lish a Commercial Journal, when Commerce
stations to the importance of Jacksonville, it and Whig principles are identified, one with
"has been suggested that a large and commo- the other. Already we have in connection
Sdious HOTEL is necessary for the accommo- with Hudson's News Room/' the basis of a
lation of both residents and transients, and newspaper establishment, a Price Current,
hat one-contaiing-atle..t iL room& hbe -hi~ping. List, and excellent arrangements
erected by joint stock, in some eligible situa- for news, foreign and American; but not
tion. Shares $100 each-20 per cent to be satisfied with this we shall immediately push
paid as soon as a committee be organized our arrangements to the furthest point for
- and the&ballance as may be deemed expedi- the procuring of news. One of the Messrs.
d ent by the committee. The sunbcription list Hudson is about tosail for Liverpool, and go
e- is open for signatures at the Editors Office. from thence to London, Havre and Paris, for
Sept 19 8tf- wthe purpose of devising the most expeditious
S and urest eans o reevnfcmeca






_ tt





(Continued from thir.l pa
I met Gen. Call riding delibe
the scrub towards the field
we drew nigh, he,enquiired iff
gerously wounded, I replied,
but was very weak from losif'
continued on to ii.e river, .1i
with the Surgeons, who after a jI
attending to my wounds'I. ise
re cross the river,which I d. 1 thet
of half an hour, or an h6ur" "
With regard to your oVM condt
man could have behaved wEih mo!
ness and determined 'bravy4.
think you exposed yourself.
for wherever the 'battle see
hottest, there you were anii
couraging the men.
I should have stated perha
the action commenced, Ca
hami and Maitlaud, with myll
from the battalion to the river
volunteers were crossing, w
eeived Major Cooper and o
hauling over a rall, conf.4inln1
other accoutrements of Ib'h
At this time the Chanoe, of wh
has -been said, was lying idle
side of the river. ..
I am Sir with I igh
Your Oh't
1st. Lt. 2d..RgL.
St.. Marys Georgia.

So. '21. ,
ST. AUGUSTINE, Oct. -. 837
Dear Gcnernl:-In answer W*memr. e
ter I willingly ,stat such fiist.da4ina I
der my obwer~ation at the bal .
Ouithll-eoochee, on the |Slat"
1835.- ;
The first firing was rnade oa', jI
Iar troops. I witnief-sed two ,ihargi|
I arrived on the haftle grounmKd the'
troops were extended. We j
left. iI saw you several tinei
action always mounted. Aftr'
line wvasformed, yoI passed n
times nmiuntpid ali'i IlCOIJmlg
iT'I y pmii- i ~ i- iwar thiiZ
tihe r'ef ilnr and n1 ilitia jii r
Pee General CalI (luring ,
The f rini: was continuous fro
mencemnent until the end ofl
When the troops recrossed the ri
my landing I saw Gen. Call rher
/Very Respecifilly, .