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VOLUME 1 JACKSONVILlE, EAST FLORIDA, NOVE1M1BER 26, 183. NUMBER 40
VOLU E ..... mF W" 4
r I j
day." ; The many instances which appear-
ed after that memorable battle, of soldiers
who were found among the slain without
any marks of wounds or violence upon
their bodies, were probably, occasioned by
the, heat excited in the body by the emo-
tions of the mind, being added to that of
the- atmosphere... X ,.
Soldiers bore operations; of every kind
immediately after a battle, with much more
fortitude than they did at ay time aler-
The .effects of the military life upon the
human body come next/to be considered
under this head. '
I In another place I have mentioned three
cases of pulmonary consumption being
perfectly cured By the diet and hardships
of a camp life. Doctor Blane, in his valu-
able observations on the diseases incident
to. seamen,, ascribes the extraordinary
healthiness of the British fleet in the month
of April, 1582, to the effects produced on
the soldiers and seamen, by the victory ob-
tained over the French fleet on the 12th of
that month; and relates, upon tha author-
ity of Mr. Ives, an instance in the war be-
tween Great Britain and the combined
powers of France and Spain in 1744, in
which the survey, as well as other diseas-
es, was checked by the prospect of a naval
The Armoeran army furnished an in-
stance bf th6 effects of victory upon the
human mind, which may serve to establish
the inferences from the facts related by Dr.,
Blane. The Philadelphia militia who join-
ed the remains of General Washington's,
army in December, 1776, and shared with
them a few days afterwards in the capture
of a large body of Hessians at Trenton,
consisted of 1500 men, most of whom hadi
been accustomed to the habits ofa city life.
These men kept in tents and barns, and
sometimes in the open air, during the usu-
al colds of December and January; and
yet there were only two instances of sick-
ness, and one death, in that body of men
in the course of nearsix weeks, in those
winter months. This extraordinary heal-
thiness01 of so great a number of nen, under
such trying circumstances, can onl y be as-
cribed to the vigor infused into the human
body by the victory ofTrenton having pro-
duced insensibility to all the usual remote
causes of disease.
The patience, firmness, and magnanimi-
y which the officers and' soldiers of the
American army endured the complicated
evils of hunger, cold, and nakedness, can
only be ascribed to an insensibility of bo-
dy, produced by an uncommon tone of
mind excited by the love of liberty and
SILK.--In every part of our country, at-
tention is awakened to this important and
profitable .branch of manufacture. New
England, however, having taken the lead,
seems likely to enjoy for the present near-
ly a monopoly of the production. A coin-
pany, with a capital of $000,000, has been
formed at Boston, called the Massachusetts
Silk Company, which has for its object the
culture and manufacture of this article.-
.This company has purchased several tracts
of land at Northampton, on which are one
aor more water privileges, and their factory
will probably be erected in that town.--
Northampton als contains a silk cocoone-
ry, latelysthe property of Mr. Samuel Whit-
marsh, capable of feeding four or five mil-
lions of worms, though the number at pres-
ent does not exceed 800,000. The build-
ing is twb hundred feet long and two sto-
ries in height. It is filled with ranges of
sliding draws of twine latice work; on
which the worms feed, and these are in-
tersected by alleys, so that there is abun-
dance of both air and light.
The New England Silk Company has
likewise been formed at Boston with a cap-
ital of $100,000. Their manufactory is
under the superintendence of Mr. Cobb, of
Dedham, whose works the company have
purchased. It is wholly dependent at pres-
ent on foreign culture for its supply of ma-
terials, audnfis compelled to resort to the
manufacture of articles in which silk is on-
ly a component part.
The Connecticut Silk Factory at Hart-
ford has a capital of $100,000. The build-
ing is furnished with 100 lIoms, and pre-
paratbrymachinery to be moved by a steam
engine of eight or ten horse power. The
want of stock compels this factory also to
Sthe production 'of articles min which the pro-
portion of silk to the other materials is
small. There is also a factory in progress
at Poughkeepsie, N. Y At Concord, N.
H. a farm has been purchased for thie cul-
tivation. of the mulberry.
SThe establishment ofthe Valentine Com-
pany at Providence, R. I.,now sold to a
company from New York and Boston, in-
cluides a plantation, containing 30,000 trees,
fi'om four to five years old, aid frim six to
eight feet in'heighit. It is supposed for the
next five years, this plantation will yield an
successively, until 'a sufficient thickness is
obtained. "Twenty-fe or thirty coats are
necessary"ifor a shoe of common thickness:
The articles, in this state, are placed in a
4ry situation for twenty-four liours, when
they will have acquired sufficient consis-
tency to receiv'ethe figured impressions
with which they are, usually ornamented.
These impressions are. made by engraved
blocks, prepared inthis con.try. During
the twenty-four iou-rs that the articles are
drying, they are covered with a copious
moisture. This spontaneous separation of
the more liquid portions of th, juice, and
the coagulation of another and by' far the
greatest portion, takes place even when
the juice is-received into bottles and care-
fully protected from access of air. Frohi
this cause, 'all attempts to transport it to
different parts in an unaltered condition
have failed.- :I have' several. bottles which
were pIrepared with the utmost care, and
the contents of sodme of whiich were com-
bined with various solvents ; but in every
one the juice has separated into the liquid
aind cagulabtle portions. ,
The natives are exti'euely fondof sip-
ping the fresh laite; aindlam infprmId by
the. gentlemen from who-in many,of.thp,
above particulars were obtained, and whose
veracity is unquestionable, that it is a pala-
table beverage, resembling i. .taste, as
nitmuch as it does in appearance, fresh gow's
m i l k ; : : .' :- / ^ :i : .-. *- ;- *, '
i The smoke, .Which is indispensable in
making India rubber articles, is procured
from the combustion of a species of nuit- /
and the natives insistthat the smoke from
no:other article will answer the purpose.
The caoutchouc trees are taliped every
other day, and are said to yield a better
juice, and in greater quantities, after having
been drawn from a number of years. -The
trees yield most abundantly during the wet
season-but the juice is then of an inferior'
quality. : :: ,,. :
Since the gum elastic has become abun-
dant and cheap, it, has been applied to. a
variety 0o new uses; for Which its peculiar
chemal and mechamnic al qualities admira-
bly adapt it. It is well known that cloth
is now covered -with a 1lii4n ,.," W"ii, L,.L
which garments are absolutely water-proofl
and during the few`etorms that we have
had, the past summer, groups ofindividu-
als might tbe seen clad in their elastic mail:
apparently about as much annoyed by the
ramin as a flock. of ducks. Moreecently,
,the caoutchouc has been so skilfiilly appli-
ed, either within 'theeesofthe meshes of the ;closth
or between two pieces, that there is no ap-
pearance of it externally. I have seen what
appeared to be a tube of ordinary cotton
cloth, which, when filled withli water, or
even subjected to the liylrostatic pressure
of a column four feet nhigh, proved abso-
lutely i mpervious to the liquid. '"
The employment ofthis substancejn the
manufacture of various surgical instru-
ments-has supplied no mean contribution
to the healing art. In fact, the extensive
usefulness of this material-is jus beginning
to be known; althoughiits consumption has
increased to. an extent that could hardly
have been ,predicted,: at a time when a
piece as -big as a -cent .was sold for nine-
pence.-[Smith's Scientific Tracts.
MAMMOTrHAPIPE TrEE..Weare indebt-
ed to a highly respectable gentleman .of
Hardy county, for the following facts rela-
tive to a Mammoth11 Apple Tree, on the
farm of Captain Daniel McNeill. of that
county. Our informpat says that he took
the dimensions of this Mlamnmoth Apple
Tree carefully and accurately, and found
it to'be 45 feet in height, and 85 in breadth;
circumferefice of the trunk 9 ftt 4 inches.
About seven feet from the root there are
eleven branches, the average size of which
are 3 feet 10 inches in circumference. But
the most remarkable fact about it, is the
quantity of fruit it borethe :present year-
one hundred and eighty'uahels of apples
were taken from it this fall. Four or five
bushels, of such as were bruised and parti-
ally and entirely rotten, were left under the
tree, and a good dest ofits firuit must have
been taken away by different persons thro'
he summer and Tall so that tie real quan-
ity it bore must have been very near, if
not quite two h zin edb vshbels. The a Iples
are very large. ; It" stands near the South
Branch, on a eviry rich soil. I I have.been
informed that t did not Bear any fruit:un-
til after it was twenty years Ad;: It grew
spo"taheously where d- it o sta ds, and,
although forty years :1d, continues to grow.
[Roi- e^(Va.y I'ntelligencer.-
e, who Would steer oiir of disappoint-
rments and misfortunhesi must learn be
his own pilot. i '
The most effecti/a way of touching a
mnan's feelings, is to put y ui* hand it6o his
pocket., ":". *'/",'p ," '
in proportion as, we .e e','with pth
people's business, We nglect our own.
.. . .
THE INFLUENCE OF }IE AMERICAN REVO-I
.LUTION UPON THE HUMAN BODY.*
BY THE LATE BENJAMIN RUSH, M. D.
There were several Circumstances pecu-
liar to 'the American revolution, which
should be mentioned lireiously to an ac-
count of the influence of the events which
accompanied it, upon thewhuman body.
1. The revolution interested every in-
habitant of the the country of both sexes,
'and of every rank and age, that was capa-
ble of reflection. 'An indifferent, or neu-
tral spectator of the controversy was scarce-
ly to be found in any ofthe states.
2. The scenes of war and government
which it introduced, were new to the great-
est part of the inhabitants of the U. States,
and operated with all the force of novelty
upon the human mind.
3. The controversy was conceivedito be
the most important of any that had ever
engaged the attention of mankind. It was
was generally believed by the friends of
the revolution, that the very existence of,
freedom upon our globe was involved in
the, issue of the contest of the United States.
4. The American revolution including
in it the cares of government, as well as the
toils and dangers of war. The American
mind was, therefore, frequently occupied
at the same time, by the difficult and com-
plicated duties of political and military life.e
5. The revolution was conducted by
men who had been born free, and whose
sense of the blessings of liberty was of
course more exquisite than if they had just
emerged from a state of slavery .
61 The greatest part of the soldiers in,
the armies of the United States had family
connections and property in the country.
7. The war was carried on by the Amer-
icans against a nation, to whom they had
long been tied by the numerous obligations
of consanguinity, laws, religion, commerce,
language, interest, and a mutual sense of
national glory. The resentments.-f the
Americans of course rose, as is usual! in all
disputes, in proportion to the number and
force of these ancient bonds of affection
_,S. Apredilprit.opn imited monarchy,
as an essential part oia ree and safe gov-
ernment, and an attachment to the reigning
king of Great Britain (with a very few ex-
ceptions) were universal in every part of
the United States. ;
9. There was at onq time a sudden dis-
solution of civil government in all ecclesi-
astical establishments in several of the
10. The expenses 6f the war were sup-
ported by means of a piper currency, which
were continually depreciating. '
From the action of each of these causes,
and frequently from their combination in
the same persons, effets might reasonably,
be expected, both upo3 the mind and body,
which have seldom Oecurred; or if they
have, I believe were never fully recorded
in any age or country.
It might afford some useful instruction
to point out the infuence of the military
and political events of the revolution upon
the understandings, passions, and morals
of the citizens of the United States; but
my business, in the present inquiry, is on-
ly to take notice of the influence of these
events upon the human body, through the
medium of the mind.
I shall first mention the effects of the
military, and, secondly, of the political
events of the revolution. The last must be
considered in a twofold view, accordingly
as they affected, the friends or the enemies
of the revolution.
I. In treating of the effects of the milita-
ry events, I shall take notice, first, of the
influence of actual war, and, secondly, of
the influence of the military life.
In the beginning of a battle, I have ob-
served thirst to be a very common sensa-
tion among both officers and soldiers. It
occurred where no exercise or action of
the body could have excited it.
Many officers have informed me, that
after the first onset in a battle, they felt a
glow of heat, so universal as to be percep-
tible in both their ears. This was the case
m a particular manner in the battle of
Princeton, on the third of January, in the
year 1777, oh which day the Wveather was
A veteran colonel of a New Englahd
regiment, whom I visited atPrinceton, and
who was wounded in the hand at the bat-
tle of Monmouth,on the 28th ofJune,,1778,
(a dayin which the mercury stood at 90
degrees of Farenheit's thermometer,) after
describing his situation at the time he re-
ceived his wound, concluded his story by
-remarking, that fighting was hot work oni
a cold day, but much more so on a warm
*We know not whetherthese curious phi-
losophical observations are incorporated with
the workss of the celebrated author, but, as
we never met with. them before, we extract
them`from a very scarce old volume for odur
average product of half a pound of silk to E
a tree. This company has also inanufac- (
tured a considerable quantity of silk goods,
anid fitted up a building 30 feet by 90, three
stories high, to be exclusively devoted to
this branch of manufacture. Themachin- i
ery is carried by steam. A trial of the pow- i
er loom in this factory has proved that it ,
will answer as well for silk as for cotton, '
and that with experience inw its manage- I
ment, it will probably turn out as many t
yards of the former asof the latter. A silk
society has been formed at, New ifHaet. I
To encourage the production of this ar'- i
tile, a bounty has been offered by the-state t
of Massachusetts on reeled silk, and by '
Connectiqut, both on this and the trees "t
themselves. The natural advantages, how- f
ever, for the production, must of necessity 1
be greater in the Middle and Southern
States. The wild mulberry exists in abun-
dance in Virginia and Mississippi, and in
the forests of the latter State, silk worms
are found growing spontaneously. The I
native tree, however, is not found to pro-
duce silk ofa merchantable quality. ,It is
thought that by engrafting scions of the
white or Italian mulberry into these wild
stocks, a tree will be produced of hardi- t
er growth, and less liable to injure from at-
-mospheric changes. .
We are indebted for the' above informa-
tion to the Silk Culturist, a monthly publi-
cation, commenced at Hartford in April
last, the pages of whichli aie principally de-
voted to this interesting topic. To those
engaged in the cultivation of the inulberry,
the instructions.contained in this periodi- '
cal must be highly valuable. From the
novelty of this branch of agriculture among
us, information in regard to its details is
peculiarly needed. The journal is publish-
ed by an association called the Hartford .
County Silk Society, and furnished to sub-
scribers at the low rate of 50 cents per an-
num.-[Philadelphia Commercial Herald.
NATURAL HISTORY OF- CAOUTEHIOUC.-
Sometime within the last twelve years, an
individual brought from Para, a port in
Brazil, into Boston or Salem, a small nurim-
ber of India rubber shines = It prodvej, for
the sailor, a profitable adventure, and in-
duced him in a second voyage to import a
larger number. The success of these small
beginnings, induced others to enter the bu-
siness, wnich has been constantly increas-
ing, until, in 1832, it was computed that
there were five hundred thousand pairs of'
India rubber shoes imported into theUni-
ted States. Thus has a substance, once
extremely expensive, and restricted to the
sole use of erasing pencil marks, 'become
an almhnost indispensable article of wearing
apparel; and accessible to all classes, on
account ofits cheapness and abundance.
The caoutchouc, or gum elastic, which
is brought to this country, is the productof
two trees, the hvea caoutehouc," and the
"1jatropa elastica," which grow spontane-
ously in several provinces of Brazil. Para
is the chief depot of the article, and I be-
lieve the sole place of export. It is also
obtained from several trees which grow in
the East lndies: but is scarcely ever brought
thence, to this country, and certainly never
in large quantities.
The local name, in Para, of the tree
which affords the caoutchouc, is ,pao de
seringa.' It attains the height of an ordi-
nary New England white oak, and is rep-
resented as decidedly handsome. The juice,
as it flows from the tree, is called laite de
seringa.' The gum is procured and man-
ufactured by native Indians in the follow-
ing manner :-Early in the morning, gene-
rally before sunrise the trees are tapped by
making an incision< through tjhe bark and
a short distance in the woud with a hatch-
et. A cup of moist clay is then plastered
upon the tree, just below the wound ; so
that the laite as it issues from the tree, is
effectually arrested. In this manner, about
seventy trees are put under contribution by
one individual. Generally, in four hours
after the sun is risen, the juice stops flow-
ing, and it is hastily collected, by skilfully
detaching the clay lip from the tree, and
pouring its contents into a calabash.
From the above number of trees, (seven-
ty) about four quarts of juice are collected,
which are sufficient for the manufacture of
three pair of men's shoes of ordinary size
and thickness. The making pf hoes and
all other articles, is commenced iminmedi-
ately on the juice being collected. Shoes
are moulded upon the lasts sent out from
this country for that purpose. The lasts
,are,provided with a handle at the top and
near the heel, and are smeared over with a
this coat of clay. Other articles are form-
ed upon patterns of clay, which are fash-
ioned by -the rude artist, sometimes with
considerable taste; but oftener in the most
grotesque figures. The juice is dipped up
in small quantities, and poured over the
forms, which are thence held over a dense
smoke a few seconds. Another coat of
juice is applied and smoked-and so on
PUBLISHED O0CE A WEEK BY
TERS$--$4 per year, payable half yearly
in advance.-Single papers 12 cents.
I Advertisements inserted, arid contracts
made for yearly advertising, on reasonable
terms. No advertisement will be inserted
Unless paid for in advance.
All communti'citions by mill mfy be ad-
dressed to L. CURRIER, Publisher of the Cou-
rier,-postage-i. all cases, tobe paid.
AGENTS FOR TH4E COURIER.
T 0 'FLORID,.
Jfewnansville-Joseph R. Sanchez.
Spring Grov--J. Garrison, 'Esq. P. M.
Alandarin-E, A. Cohen, Esq. P.1VM.
St. Maty's-A. Doolittle, Esq. PM. M
avaniah--S-. .:Philbrick, Esq.
[For the Courier.] '
S, THE 'CHRISTIAN.
There is that in his eye, which still glows in
his breast, .
.With the love of the Saavior, his soul is pos-
Whilst he feels, that all love, in a world such
as t s, .. . .
Can but shadow the joys pf the spirits in bliss.
Fbr the pleasures of earth here canker the
Affection'ii unstable, the loved must depart,
And riches have wings, there is woe, there is
Golgotha is written on mountain and plain.
But the tears and the pains, which are sent
him below, P
In the bright worlds above hee no longer will
For the sons of the dust shall there join in the'
Which the spirits of love to their Father do
*0 -/ ^ *'d L'*
Oh, joy to the righteous, the kingdom within,
The kingdom of God will be free from all sin,
And the might of God's power will butmeas-
ure the love,
Which blesses the saint in the regions above.
THE PARTING QF SUMMER.
BY MRS. HEMANS.
Thou'rt bearing hence thy roses.
Glad summer, fare thee well!
Thou'rt singing thy last melodies
In, every wood and dell.
Bft in the golden sun-set
Of thy latest lingering day,
Oh! tell me o'er this chequiered earth,
How hast thou past away .
Brightly, sweet Summer -brightly,
Thine hours are floated by,
To the joyous birds of the woodland boughs,
"The rangedrts of the sky?
An4 brightly in the forests,
To the wild deer wandering free,;
And brightly 'apidst the garden flowers,
Is the happy murmuring bee.
But how to humari bosoms,
With all their hopes and fears,
And thoughts that make them eagle-wings,
To pierce the unborn years. .
Sweet Sunmmier! to the captive (
Thou hast fl6wn in burning dreams
Ofthe woods,with all their whispering leaves,
And the blue rejoicing streams:--
To the wasted and the weary,
On the bed of sickness bound,
In swift delicious fantasies,
.That changed with every sound.
Tqthe sailor on the billows,. :
In longings wild and vain,
For the gushing founts and breezy hills,
Anid the homes of earth again!
And u o0 ad Summer! ,
How,,k. l flown.io meP
My chaiptep, nouglit hath kept
From .th tnts ofnsong 'and glee.
Thou hast flrn in wayward visions,
In memor-ie of the dead-L- ,
In sh adows,fro a trouble heart,
Sle:r the sunny. athway shed; .
In brief and sudden strivings,
S To'fling a weigh'IAlde-
'Midst these thy mert dies fave ceased, ,
Anid all thy roses dd. ..
,But oh thou gentle su .er,
gfI greet thy flowers o more
Bring me again thy buoac y, .
SWherewith soul Sialoar.
Give me to.'hail thy sunshine,
S.With songs and: spirit freee
Or in a purer air than this "'-:
,Miiy that next meeting be. -
_ II~---------- r ~-L-~--~PLB-
consequence of the swamipng and capsiz-
ing of some of the boats. The goods and
brig being perishable, were soldat auction,
and brought about 17,000 dollars. ,We
learn they were insured in New York.-
Too much credit cannot be given to Capt.;
Wood, and others for their intrepid con-
dict in; giving their aid jin such danger,
among whom we mention Mr. Garrison.
kkeeper of the light, and Mr. R. B. Boll, of
this place. We learn the proceeds of the
goods have been placed under the disposal
of the court of Admiralty, till the question
of salvage is determined. .
DUEL EXTAORDINARY.--A lieutenant
in the Navy, while ascending the Ohio riv-
er in a steamboat, became involved in a
quarrel with three persons from Arkansas,
tWO of them brothers. He Was challenged
by one of the brothers arid endeavored to
"back out,". but the other party insisted
upon a fight, and a gentleman volunteering
to be second for the officer, they went a-
shore to 'settle their difference. At the
first fire the lieutenant received his adver-
sary's ball in his hip, and% asked% ifhe was
satisfied., to which, his antagonist replied,
"no, not until one of us is killed." They
took another shot, and the lieutenant's ad-
versary fill dead. His brother then insist-
ed on a fight, which the second of thelieu-
tenant endeavored in vain to prevent.-,
They fired and the other brother was shot
dead. 7he second of the deceased," be-
coming enraged with the lieutenant's sec-
ond, shot and killed him, and Was iti turn
shot dead by the lieutenant, who was con-,
veyed from the field much exhausted by
loss of blood, and is.now at Louisville re-
Scovering, under the care of his physicians.
. Thus four then were left dead upon the
Field. We give the above as we heard it
from a respectable source, but forbear to
mention. the names of the parties, as no
- good could result from it, and we presume
Their relatives have been already advised
of their fate.-[Cincinnati Post.
f Aiken, (S. C.) Oct. 30.,
t DREADFUL GCATASTROPHiE.-We have
s never been called upon to record a more
Diabolical act, than was perpetrated on
Ford Creek, on Saturday night, by some
person or persons unknown. The house
9 ofiMr Smithes was -forcibly entered, the
inmates most inhumanly butchered, sever-
Sal valuable articles stolen, and the splendid
dwelling of Mr S:. and the bodies ofthirteen
t murdered individuals entirely consumed.
SAmong them was Mr S. and wife and five
I children, and six others, whose names our
e informant could not learn, as they were
SGerman emigrants, andjourneying to some
e of the upper districts. Suspicion rests up-
e on a white man who was seen dodging
r about the neighborhood for some days be-
e fore, but has not been seen since.
. Most deeply do we deplore the loss of
d Mr S. and family. He was for a number
e of years a member" of the State Legisla-
e ture; an intelligent honest man, and for
f a long time a worthy member of the Meth-
. odist church.
- We understand that $10,000 reward is
e offered for t lie perpetrator of this horrid act.
LIFE rTNr i'HE WrEST.--Major MarshallI of
. the Dragoons writes from the Far West
the followmg graphic description of the
- Arabs oftie Mississippi:
We lived on Buffalo meat principally.
- I killed sonmefew, as I did also bear, deer,
n and turkeys; but caught no wild horses.
s The sports of the chase I enjoyed you may
y know ; and assure you, often wished for
y you to witness the immense number ot
h buffalo that were often in full-view of the
- camp, from within a few hundred yards'to
d alhnost as far as the e could reach. I
g saw one of our Osage lunters ride up al
- fhll speed along side of a large buffalo cow
n and kill her with a single arrow. It was
, shot entirely through her; it went in oBn
s the right and passed out on the left side:
n and was lost in the prairie, breaking a rib
)f in its passage. I saw another of the Osages
- kill a large cow with a single arrow. He
shot it into her, up to within a few inches
(say two or three) of the feathered end ; lhe
C, caught hold of it, pulled it out, and shot it
s into her again, when she immediately fell
e This of course was at fall speed. These
S feats I saw with my own eyes."
)f The new Medical College at Augusta
e Georgia, is just finished, and the lectures
a have commenced. The architecture is
o highly spoken of. The Augusta Chroni
d cle says:
e "It is two stories high, above the base
g mhent, and ;80 feet 'long, by 77 Wide, sur
r mounted by a large dome ; and has a mas
e sive portico in font, sustained by six flut
f ed Grecian doric columns, and asceendec
l-by a flight of 8 steps 26 feet wide. The
. exterior walls are to be rough casted -in
r imitation of stone, and, judging from th<
' small portion completed, will present a ve
, ry beautiful and impressive aspect.
s ', '' ~
e HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN THE U. STATES
e -ItV has recently been asscertained tha
' the highest- peak of the Black Mountain, it
e South Carolina, is 6,746 feet above th letv-
hi el of the sea-which is 500 feet greater
e than the height of Mount Washington, N
- H., heretofore considered the highest ir
[From the Natehez Courier.]
Madison County, Sept. 20,1885.
Dear Sir,--Since the trial and departure
of Earl, our county has been blessed with
uninterrupted tranquility, until within a
few'diays past. The appearafee of a noto-
rious scoundrel, belonging to Cap t. Thom-
-as Hudnall, of this county, threw vhe com-
munity into considerable excitement last
week. Hea was said to be, one of the ring-
leaders in exciting the tieroes to insutrec-
tion, by Dr. Cotton 'likewise implicated
by other white mein, a1nd by a number of
the negroes hung at Berfie's Bluff.
Thie guard attempted: to take him imme-
dIiately after the exeution of Cotton but
could not succeed. "
The committee of Livingston, before
their adjournment, determined upon hang-
ing him whbn he should be taken, there
being no doubt as to his guilty; and being
a dangerous boy, the citizen determine
likewise hp should not live, if he was not
:sentenced-by the committee.
Conseqently, when he came home, the
citizens made a demand of him from Capt
H udnall. The boy heard what the people
weie at, and p ut odt.' 1 he* tla6d able ex-
ertions 0f Capt. Hudna ,he was decoyec
into Livingston, "and secured.
By a committee composed of some o
the members f the bld committee, he war
sentenced to be hanged the same evening
Under thd gallows, he confessed he kneh
the conspiracy was Underfoot eight month!
ago. The first he knew"o'fit was from Ru
el Blake, (hung here on the 10th July;)'h
said he commtnunicated it to him when a
work'with him-and told him he must :il
his master first; this, he said, he did no
like to do. Blake. he taid, was alarmed a
his manner and told him if he would sa
nothing about it that he would give hin
five dollars-which he did. Blake after
*wards told him he was elected one ofth
captains of the negroes, and that he mus
SserVe' &c. ,W hen he found he hbad to di
he told his master, if he was to be hung
hfhad others on the place who were a
guilty as he wasK. & was thought by eve
rye person present that the accusations wer
made out of revenge; -being of a most ma
liginant disposition. v
When the executioner was about putting
the rope around his niec, he began t
think they were goIng to hang him ingoo
earnest,'and determined to 'evade it, if po,
Ssible, by dodging the rope:; and it was no
until after agun Iwas presented at him, tha
the rope could be put on hisneck; so great
was his desire to live,(although his arm
Swr.--nen,M-ret Tie e:was swung off, h
:caught the rope above his head with hi
hands and :hung by them for minute.
When the citizens learned of his.execu
tion, it appeared to give general relief an
satisfaction; ,I think we may safely saN
this is the winding upact of the Livicgsto
committee. His case will appear in ful
,on the proceedings, of the Livingston coin
mnittee, now in preparation for publication
THE WES TtRNi INDIANS.--The Glob
states that the cominiissioners appointed t
treat with the Western Indians, have re
turned to fort Gibson, after having su(
cessfully accomplished the object of the
mission.: They have concluded a treaty (
amity between the U. States and the Chei
okees, Creeks, Choctaws, Osages, Seneca
and Qluapaws, This is the first time thi
these Indians have been met on a simian
occasion, and the happiest effects may Ic
expected ,as the result of the treaties.-
Heretofore, they have kept the wester
frontier in a constant state of danger an
There are, it is stated by the Globe, there
divisions of/these ndians who inhabit th
:great Western prairies, the Camanche!
the Witchetas,' and the Kioways. Th
Camanehes are thenmost numerous. The
are a wandering rate, have no fixed or pe]
r nanent residence, and follow the herds (
buffaloes to the north and south of Red R
:ver. The Witchetas Jive in villages an
cultivate orn and vegetables. They, con
sist ofsevy bands. The Kioways-wh
Sidinot attend the conference, but who,.
was; understood, would send a depUItati"
'of their cchiefs to concur in the arrang
mrients already made-have no permaner
residence, but wander, over a vast extent (
country4 extending from the Cross Timbe
on the Arkansas, Caroline and Red Rivei
to the Rocky Mountains. 'The Commin
sioners have inserted an article in the treat
ties, expressing to the Indians the desir
of the United States that they shall remain
At peace with'Mexico.-[N. Y. Times.
TE'.AS.,--Very' considerable numbers o
men are leaving various parts ofourecour
try for Texas, taking with :them the arrm
-aud.munitionsl necessary for .war. Som
hundreds will leave the, Atlantic coa
within" ten days, and a still larger number
probably ,will go from the West. St. Ann
will find the Kentucky riflemen bad troop
to contend with, in such: a war as will b
waged in Texas, and it would not b
strange if, takeit all in all, he shouldin
. this the bhardst job he ever undertook.,, I
the:fide~of offensive operations should b
turned; tfieother way, and with suchI pov
er as to sh:kke his arbitrary authority be
yond the bN funds of Texas, it would not b
the straung(It thing tliat ever happened
['New Y6tl Mercury.
i, contains the following .eloquent sentence.
"The voice which has reached us from
he banks of theOhio, invoking us "as the
oldestt Southern member of the original thir-
een," by every consideration of patriotism
nd duty, to aset an example to the younger
states, by leading the way in this national en-
erprise 'makesian appeal to our sympathies,
vhich cannot, and will not, be disregarded.'
We are glad that Charleston is about to
exert her powerful energies, to secure to her-
self a portion 0 the great western trade. We
see no reason vhy she nliay n6t be eminent-
y successful in her efforts, andtherebysecure
to herself an exhaustless source of prosperity
and wealth. ,
A rail road across the Peninsula of Florida
will doubtless sooo be constructed, shortniiig-
the distance, and time of travel, and transpor--
tation from the Atlantic to the cities on-theI
Gulf, and avoiding the dangers which dwell
in and about the. Florida coast and Keys.-,
The construction of this work, will, we trust
in connection with tile enterprise the inhabit-
ants begin to manifest, wake into active life,
the long dormant energies of East Florida.-
Already her quickening pulsations indicate
returning life and health. .
We.repeat, we are glad to see such a'spirit
as this is,of improvement by means of rail
roads, abroad in our land. Its almost very
indication is, of good. '
The Alexandria Gazettte says, Weather-
wise folks, predict that this 4ill be a w1rrm
winter. The abundance of mat, the growth
of vegetables,i and' the weather up to this
time, are, it is said, all prognostics of a win-
ter the reverse of the last4;1
We have heard several persons in this sec-
tion, aged eriough to be'" weather-wise,"
confidently predict mild winter. We hope
they will prove true prophets. During the
last thirty-six ,hours, the weather has been
and still is, exceedingly disagreeable-cold,
damp, raw, drisly, gloomy. It is what a
rheumatic and pulmonary invalid of our ac-
quaintance, calls "most. rascally and con-
temptible weather." It is. a' n6rth east stormin
come suddenly upon us. Ve are sometimes
thus taken by surprise. The thermometer
to-day stands at 52, stood yesterday at 57.
On the day previous, (Wedniesday) the mer-
cury was as high as 82. The weather was
pleasant, and really summer-like.. In fact,
for ten days previous to yesterday, the rer-
age, of the mercury was about ,o0. One day
as high as 85.- During these days, the
weather was lovely' theatmosphere clear and
pure, and soft. The broad river before-us,.
lay in the mornings perfectly quiet, no$ .a
breath breaking the polished mirror of its
surface, till the slight sea breeze, softened by
its passage over the land, spread here and
there its gentle ripples. The soft star-light
of night, and softer rays of the crescent
yoting moon, came down lovely and sweetly
on this beautiful and then silent arid tranquil
sheet of water. A few days since, and on
the only day of the ten pleasant and Warm
ones, that we recollect to have seen clouds ,
sailing between us and :the heaven above,
the effect of light and shade On the water was
strongly contrasted. A small, but v ery dense
and dark leaden colored cloud, hid the sun
from a small portion of earth. Else, the sky
was nearly free from clouds, only here a
speck, arid there a fleecy wreath. So dense
and impervious to the sun's, rays was this "
little cloud, that no one could well pass un-
observed, the sudden and great obscuration
it occasioned, as it hid a short time from
view the sun. The river in front and above
us for about three miles, was dark as night.
The water exhibited in deeper die, the dark,
sullen, livid color of the cloud. Beyond the
three miles above us, the sun shone on the
river with all his effulgence. A bright sheet
extending the width of the river,, and far in
the distance spatklingand glowing with all
the full blaze of silver and diamond, seemed
pressing and moving downward this gloomy
mass, darkened by the cloud. The line of
separation between the bright and the darlk,
was uniformly and strongly marked, and
crossed the river nearly a t .angles.--
Above and below this line,, ver seemed '
as if composed of :two total l similar ele-
ments-the one so splendid, so bright, so
cheerful-the other so dark, -6 sullen, and so
sad. Seldom is seen on wat" in mid day, so
strong and striking a contrast of light and
shade. But we were speaking of theweath-
er. A day or two m-6re and we shall have it
fair and cheerful again." Let the "wind but
change, and away wil fly these sky-enshroud-
ing clouds, bearing off the present rawness"
and humidity of the atmosphere.
Fitzgerald, the Savannah Bank robber, has
escaped from the custody of Mr. Williams,
an officer sent oin from Savannah forth pr<-
pose of bringing the prisoner to that city,
MURDER, ROBBERY AND EXECUTION.-I
On the 16th ult. Mr. George Robinson, a
highly respectable citizen of Jackson coun-
ty, Michigan Territory, was murdered
whilejtravelling on the-road from Mem-
phis to Little Rock, by a young man'with
whom he fell in company at Mem phis.--
The deceased had loaded a wagon at Mem-.
phis, with which he was travelling, and
had also money about him to the amount
of $1000. Arriving at a place about two
miles onx this side of Blackfish Lake; in
Crittendon county, the deceased and the
young man left the wagon together with,
Sthe intention of reaching the St. Francis
river that night, in advance of the wagon.,
After travelling about four miles, the young
man murdered Mr. Robinson, threw him
behind a log near the road, and covered
him with brush. 'The body was found
two days afterwards, by the mail rider. A
more outrageous and diabolical murder
Swas never committed on earth.
From ififrmation received here since
Sthe pliublication of the Gazette, we learn
. that the murderer, whose name is stated to
have been James C. Johnson, was oyvertak-
en in St. 'Francis county, and brought back
Sto the :spot where he committed the mur-
der. He confessed his crime, and stated
That as he knew he should be hung, he
preferred being executed at,once-that he
f had nothing to plead in extenuation of his
s crime, and was willing to suffer the penal-
s ty of death. I-He averred that after killing
' Robinson he obtained only one hundred
S and eleven dollars, which he found in a
s piece of paper. Supposing that to be all
e the money in the possession of the mur-
it dered man, he threw the pocket-book away,
Which has not yet been found. He was
A afraid to take a gold watch, which was on
it Robinson's person-and left it with him.
After hearing his coiffession, in presence
y of about fifty persons, he was instantly
Shung---and after remaining suspended a
Sufficient time, his body was thrown be-
e hind the same: log where the body of his
t victim was found, and left there.
:"[Little Rock Advocate.
s "ORIENTAL PIRATES."-A sketch ol
- their most note-Chief:-Among the most
e desperate and successful of the cruisers is
" this widely dreaded Rajah Raga, known
as the Prince of .Pirates, who for more than
g, twenty years, carried all before him."-
o His expeditions have' invariably beer
d stamped with singular cunning and intelli
r- gence, barbarity and recklessness. During
t his noviciate under an experienced chief
t he was frequently exposed to imminen
At danger by the vigilance of our cruisers
s once,when manyof hiscompanions were
e destroyed by a Urious shower of grape
is from his Majesty's sloop Rattlesnake; and
again, in January, 1808, when two or three
i- vessels then belonging to his leader wer
d taken and burnt by the Drake frigate, near
Y, the Arroas, in the Straits of Malacca. We
n accidentally fell in with them at this mo
li ment, and well remember seeing the third
- proa creeping off under the land, but little
n. suspected the destinies she bore, till we
heard of the Raga's bragging afterwards o
e this escape. He then became a chief him
o self, and continued to the latest news from
5. those quarters, the scourge of the sea. He
. has emissaries every where, and the intel
ir ligence which he acquires is of the great
nf est authenticity. If the object is of mo
o_ ment, he undertakes the execution him
1s self; if otherwise, he detaches a trusty of
ar In 1813, he cut off three English ves
te dels, and killed their captains with his owi
_ hand, an achievement of which he delight
n to boast; as well as that he has personally
d slain twenty-five out of upwards of fort;
commanders of European vessels whicl
e fell into his clutches. These exploits, to
e gether with the seas af blood wantonly she.
e by his myrmidonis, were a set-off amont
t the treacherous Malays against his aggres
y sions on the native trade; and few, evei
'r of those who had themselves lost proas
rf will speak against Raga, whose sucesse
i- against the Europeans are the admiration
id of all the young men, and the theme o
i much of the modern poetry of their beau
o tiful language.
n WRECK.--The brig Edwin, of N. York
e. Duplex, master, drawing 8 feet water, wa
Rt stranded on the bar at the entrance ofth
,f bay on the I1th inst., in attempting to cros
rs without a pilot. No blame is to be attach
r, ed to the careful. and prudent captain c
s- said vessel, as he stood off and on from th
- light for several hours, with a signal for
re pilot, and was finally obliged to attempt t
n pass the bar in consequence of-the winm
and current forcing him in shore. Th
pilots were all absent at Mobile, repairing
)f their boat. The brig passed' the outer ba
a- safely, but stranded on the Eastern shor
is and a gale arising, was driven by the suri
e into two feet Water, with the loss of rud
st der, false keel anid also started some buts
!ir While in this situation an-i in great danger
a of going to pieces, Capt. E. J. Wood, pro
)s ceeded to her relief, in the sloop Orlanda
e and succeeded in saving about two third
e of her cargo, although much damaged, be
d ing wet, as the vessel sprung aleak. Th
[f goods were obliged to be transported fron
e the brig to the sloop, about 200 yards thrc
. thensurf in boats, as the sloop could not b
- got nearer. This service was attended witl
ie great personal danger and risk, and we
learn that Capt. Wood and other individu
als narrowly escaped with their lives, in
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 26.
The spirit of improveinmet is,indeed, abroad t
in the land.. Its breath infuses activity and a
energy, into every portion of our country, s
Rivers and streams, whose waters till within a t
few years past; had for ages glided, in solitude
unbroken, exceptby the" untutored Indian's"
voice, as he pursued, on their banks, the
bounding deer, or plied over their surface his s
light canoe, have now become thoroughfares
and highways, for the noisy and4 speeding 1
steamers-carrying adventurers to build vil- t
lages on these same banks, or luxuries to
supply the market of newly arisen and al-
most magic-created cities. Wherever anav-
igable stream flows, there our country is, ex- t
plored, andits resources, thereby, more and t
But enterprise stops not with navigable
streamsIn. Where nature has not been profuse
in bestowing the means of inland navigation,
artificial channels are constructed by the in-
genuity and industry of our people. Distant
cities, whether separated by intervening
mountains, or wide spread prairies, are brought
near each other by nieans of'these artificial
communications. The deeply-laden canal-
boat, slowly and perseveringly glides on its
mnonotonous liquid way. The cars, following
the engine puffing "'like a thiing of life,"
roll along rapidly and cheerily on their
iron rails, landing you at your.point ofdesti-
nation, ere you are aware of the progress you
have made. Time and space are," indeed,
We are happy to see, such a spirit of im-
proveinent by the construction of rail roads,
'manifested in every portion of our country.
They will, ultimately, form strong bands of
union. to bind us together as one nation.
The North and the West and the South
will, thereby,, 'be brought near neighbors to
each other-thley will become better and
more intimately acquainted-and, instead of
jealousy and hatred to divide, a friendship
will spring up, to unite them in a holy broth-
erhoo A .
Is A4ast extent, of territory incompatible
with the ,long continuance of a Republican
Government ? By the speedy communiea-
tion afforded by rail roads, from one extrem-
ity of the United 6 te the other, their
limits, were they commensurate with the
boundaries ot ,North America, might, for all
Practical and beneficial purposesibe contract-
ed into a perfectly manageable compass.-
SThe legislator's voice, .and -the executive
r arm, would, easily, each from the centre to
the farthest border And while the lim-
Sits; might thus be, c ntracted, for all the pur-
poses of government they would, in,all other
respects, be enlarged' expanded, by bringing
to light, the undreamned of-hidden resources
which our country undoubtedly possesses.-
f Dpoes any ,one doubh the possibility,.of thus
t connecting and drawing closer together the
large, cities, the important points, of our ut-
most borders ? Let him reflect on the great
improvements that have been made in the U.
. States during .the last twenty, last ten, aye,
the last five
f Atlantic States--let him open his eyes upon
e the mighty works already completed or in
r progress, undertaken expressly to secure to
t themselves exclusively or in part, one-single
, object, the trade of the great West-and his
s doubts will dissipate like the shade of Creusa
a in thin air. But what. are a few of these
' works. Allow us to mention one or two.--
s New York is widening and deepening her
S Erie canal, for the admission of steamers--
s and by its side placing a rail road. Massa-
e chusetts has in contemplation a rail road from
t Boston to Albany, that she may come in for
Usher share." Pennsylvania has expended her
millions in the construction of canals and
railways, forming a line of communication
, from Philadelphia to Lake Eire and the Ohio,
s surmounting every natural impediment-
s passing over not only, but through some of
the obstructing ridges of the Alleghany
Mountains-mountains, forming -a barrier
_ seemingly intended as a natural line of sep-
- aration between the Atlantic and Western
- States. Baltimore also looks wishfuilly west-
d ward-and thinks of rail road over the
e mountains. South Carolina is awakening-
n Charleston has already aroused from her
Slumbers. The citizens of Cificinnati called
upon them to come up" to their assistance,
and to the aid of their own interests, in ac-
. cents, to which they could not turn adeafear.
it A talented address to the citizens of Charles-
n ton, contained in a report submitted by the'
Hon. Robert Y. Hayne, Chairman of a
r committee of fifteen, appointed at a previous
n public meeting, on the subject of a cpntem-
plated rail road from Charleston to Cincinna-
R. & W, KING.
Savannah, Oct. 5, 1835.
T HE Subscriber has just received a com-
S plete assortment of Englzsh and West
India Goods, and Groceries, which are offered
for sale at the lowest prices.
H. H. PHILIPS.
Jacksonville, Feb. 2.
J. P. LEVY.
Picolata, Nov. 10.
. D C.J., J JE.S. : ,
AT this Office, an apprentice to'the Pritit-
IL ing business; fifteen or sixteen years old,
of good moral character and industrious bab-
its, to such an one liberal encouragement will
be offered .', Nov. 19.
On the 4th inst., by S. StreeterEsq., Mr.
Josiah Gates, to Miss Mary Price, both of
At Mandarin, on the 5th inst., by A. W.
Critchton, Esq., Mr. John A. Summerall; to
Miss Lo' SjtkMurray.
On thef1 Oliver Wood, Esq., Mr.
Michael to Miss Mary Hartley.
On the y -the same, Mr. Anthony
Hagan, to Mis Sarah Tate. All of Manda.
J. W. MORRELL.
Savannah, June 17.
YB Y virtue of two writs of Fi, Fa. Issued
.B out of a Magistrate's Court, and to me
directed, I will expose to public sale on Sat-
urday,.the 7th 1day of November next, be-
tweenhthe usual hours of sale, in front of the
Court-house, in the town of Jacksonville, all
the right, title, and interest, of Elizabe.
Hendricks, andas administratrix of the es-
ta;te 'f Ezekiel Hudnal. deceased, in and to,
a certain tract or parcel of land, lying and
being in the County of Duval, and bounded
on the South by St. Johns river, on the West
b Hogan's Creek, and on the, North and
East by vacant lands, and contains two hun-
dred and fifty acres, by estimation ; at present
in, the occupancy of Col. James Dell; levied
on as the prope rty ofthe said Elizabeth Hen-
dricks, and as administratrix, &c. at the suit
WILLIAM HICK MAN, Constable.
SSeptember 30,1835. 5w36,
Ip-The Sale of the above property is post-
ponrted to the 5th of December next. ,
On the 18th inst.,t the residence of Dr.
Wood, Miss LouisA WOD, of Enfield, N. Y
LANKS of all descriptions Printed .at
at tis.Office, at short notice.-:
[1TAlso, Job Work in a handsome style,
ald on reasonable terms.
** Justice Blanks-Deeds-]?ilS o La-
ng--Manifests, &c. constantly for sale at
tis 'Office. -,;"1 .*- ,*
T HE Co-partnership heretofore existing
Sunder the name ofL. CURRIER & Co. has
been dissolved by the death of ELIJAH WIL-
LIAMS. All persons having demands against
the said firm, are requested to present the
same; and all persons indebted to said firm,
tomake payment to thee subscriber, who is
authorised to receive the same'.
November 10, 1835.
-" THE fine packet Schr. GEORGE
8 MAdR Y, C WILEY, Master, now
in first rate order for sea-will run
her regular trips .from thisport to Charles-
ton, and will sail on or about the 30th inst.
For freight or passage, apply to L. Currier,
Jacksonville-or H.Libbey, Whitesville.
ON ROUTE NO. 2471.'
Leave St. Marys every Wednesday, at2 P. M.
Arrive at Pablo every Thursday, by P. M.
Leave Pablo every Friday, at 6A. M.
Arrive at St. Augustine same day, by 6 P. M.
Leave!St Au us inae every Monday a5 A. M.
Arrive at Pablo same day by 6 P. M.
Leave Pablo every Tuesday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive at St. Marys next day by 11 A. M.
Leave St Marys every Satiirday, at 2 P. 1M.
Arrive at Jacksonville next day by 6 P. M.
Leave Jacksonville every Monday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive at St. Augustine same day by 6 P. M/'
Leave Si. Augustine every Thursday, at 5
Arrive at Jacksonville same day by 6 P. M.
Leave Jacksonville every Friday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive At St Marys next dayby 1 P. M.
PCRoss Ro'UTE'-VIA ST. JoHN's SBurr.
Leave Pablo every Friday, at 5 A.M.
Arrive at Jacksonville same day by 12 M.
Leave Jacksonville same day, at1 P. M.
Arrive at Pablo same day by 7 P. K
Jacksonville July 31st-8 t .
NOTICE TO TRAVELLERS.
HERE will be a regular coive'yaAnce for
passengers once weekfriom St. Mary's
Geo., by Pablo to St. Augustine ; to leave St.
Mary's every Wednesdayd,at 2 o'clock, P.'M,
and arrive at Pablo next day., '
Persons, who wish to avoid a night expo-#
sure on the water,:will find very comfortable
accommodations at Fernandina, at Mr. A.
Dias ,and can leave Fernandina the next
morning and arrive at Pablo the same day.-
They can leave Pablo every Friday morning
at4 o'clock, anid arrive at St. Augustine at ti6,
P.M. same day; leave- St. Augustine every
Sunday, and arrive at Pablo paie day.
Passengers wislihing to visit .St. Augustine,
will be accommiodated on reasonable terms.
Fare from St. Mary's by Pablo to St. Augus-
ine, $5. From St. Augustine to Pablo $3.
There is also a sake boat which will run
nce a week from Pablo to Jacksonville ; and
will depart and arrive so as to meet the mail
boat on its return from St. Mary's.-and the
3tage as it arrives from St. Augustine. Fare
rom Pablo to Jacksonville $2. All fare to
De paid at Pablo.. C. TAYLOR.
lE-The Mail boat will leave Pablo for St.
Mary's every Tuesday and return on Thuirs-
lay. The Stage leaves Pablo every Friday
or St. Algustine and returns on the succeed
ANTHONY'S NosE.-Every One who has been
up the Hudson river; will recollect'this nasal
shaped promontory. It is one .of the bold
cliffs of the beautiful Highlands, projecting
into the river, and attracting the attention of
the thousand steamboat passengers yearly
passing up and down the Hudson.
This bluff is on the east side of the river,
in the south western angle of Putnam Coun-
ty, nearly fifty miles north of New York City,
and is 1128, feet in heighth. It indeed ex-
hibits to the beholder, a tolerably well mark-
ed human profile, but profile of gigantic
proportions. If this is one of Dame Nature's
Ssportful imitations of art, she must have done
it ages agone, and selb-cted as her-model,
some giant of olden time. An ordinary ob-
server cannot well avoid noticing upon it,
indications of great antiquity. The frosts
and snows of centurtes, yearly dissolving,
have trickled in fresh tear-drops, one cours-
ing another in the deep-worn furrows of age,
down its gray granite sides!
S But why was it named Anthony's Nose ?
What's the origin of the name ? Passing by
the circumstance related in Knickerbocker's
History of New York, which Mr. Irving there
says, gave cognomen to this proment
to a correspondent of the Boston Traveller,
by Gen. Pierre Van Courtlandt, an aged
gentleman of sixty, and the owner of "An-
thony's Nose" as well as of his own.
9" Before the revolution, a vessel was pass-
ihg up the river, under the command of a
Capt. Hogans; when immediately opposite
this mountain, the mate looked rather quiz-
zically, first at the mountain and then at the
Captain's nose, which was not unfrequiently
the subject of good nature remark; and he
at once understood the mate's allusion.-;-
".What," :says the captain, "does thatlook
like my nose ? call it then if you please An-
thony's nose."' The story was repeated 'on
shore, and the mountain thence forward as-
sumed the name, and has thus become an
everlasting monument to the memory of the
redoubtable Captain Anthony Hogans, and
The ',New York Sn Says, the most impor-
tant item in the last received London papers,
is the rumor that Poland is again to be erect-
ed into an independent monarchy, under the
Guarantee of the powers by which it, was
dismembered. Suppose her set wholly'free,
would she. be Poland still! What power can
restore to her those splendidly heroic men,
whom a tyrant's sword. dungeons,'or Si-'
berian frosts have slain, or cruel edicts scat-
tered over the world in'exile.
We are happy to see an announcement of
the arrival at Key West, ass passenger on
bard the Ladra, of WILLAM. MARVIN, Esq.
United States Attorney for the Southern
IDistrict of Florida. If merit has its reward,
Mr. Marvin will, we feel assured, become
popular, and find a lucrative business at his
Southern sea-girt'stait on.
The surplus revenue at this moment in the
treasury of the United States, it. is said,
amounts to just about $16,000,000. What is
to ble done with it? Appropriate some for
the benefit of East Florida.
ORE TROUBLEs--ANOTHER BOuNDARY-
WAR.-By the New Hampshire States-
man, we learn that the Canadian govern-
mnent have intimated their intention of tak-
ing possession of the Indian'Stream Terri-
;tory on the Northern confines of New-
Hampshire, though that tract has been un-
der the jurisdiction of that State for twenty
years, and was agreed to be left so until
the Ma'dawasca question is 'adjusted.-
Much ill-blood and excitement exist. The
inhabitants have rebelled against New-
Hampshire and the British authorities sus-
tain them in it.-[N. Y. Star.
0,000 LBS. OF BLACK ,'OSS
HE Subscriber will purchaseithe above
quantity of Black Mos, .if delivered in
savannah previous to slet -October, in. largs
r small quantities.
SVs A IVNnT-lk
ALL persons having demands against the
Estate of Mrs. VLEMANTIWE G.AU-
IER, dec. will present them properly attest-
d, and all persons indebted to said Estate,
ill make immediate payment o::; '
W. B.. ROSS.
Jacksonville, July 25, 1835. 29tf
IWO Copper Stills,niearly new` o-e pon-
tainng two' hundred gallons,, with a
eater of the same capqty; the other co n-
ining fifty gallons, which willt.e disposed
fat terms advantageous to the purchaser.
For-Turther particulars inqitre i pf 0 BuvD-
GTON, Esq. Whitesville, or at this office.
Jacksonville, May 6. 19tf
MARINE JO't NAL. L
PORTOF JACKSONVILLE...... OVE ER 26.
22d-Schr. Girard, Dewey, from N. York.
STc AUGdUSTINE, Nov. 22.-Arrived -,
Schr'Saluda, Helme, fro6 st. Johns.
PICOLATA HOUSE. LIST OF LETTERS,
J The undersigned resp ectfully an- EMAINING in theePost Office at Jack-
r liaSf ounces to the Public, that he in- .. sonville, Duval County, on the 30th
s tends opening, early in October, the Sept.1 835-and if not taken, out in three
Hotel known as PICOLATA HOUSE. The build- monptis, they will be sent to the General Post
Sing having been greatly enlarged, will corn- Office as Dead Letters.,
fortably accommodate a numerous company, B Thomas T. Moody.
the Rooms will be well furnished and the Sarah A. Broward N '
Table richly supplied with the best fare the Mary Browaid,' ME. J. North,
country affords. John -Broward, Nat.
Picolata is situated on the St. Johns river, William Blount O 0
forty miles above Jacksonville, and eighteen M. Bowroson, Russell Ormon
miles West of St. Augustine; with a stage Edgar S. Barrows, p
communication, requiring only a ride of three C. A. L. Boliver, Neil McPherson
hours.-The climate is remarkably mild and Oran Baxter, William Perry,
balmy, and being exempt from the humidity Nancy Bellamy, Georg Pindarvis
of the sea atmosphere, has proved highly Eliza Bellamy R
beneficial to invalids laboring under pulmno- Arthur Burney. Henry Reilly,
nary affections. C Francis Richiard, 3
A Steamboat running weekly between this Rachel Christe, William B. Ross,
place and Savannah, will afford every desira- George Colt. 2 John Rose,
ble facility for communication between the D Robert Robinson,
two places. Win. S. Donaldson. John or Jonathan
With these advantages, the undersigned E Ralchford
hopes by his unremitted personal attention, Chandler S. Emory. S
to render entire satisfaction to all who may F Edward H. Same, 3
favor him,with their patronage. Col. Flem 3 e ,
JOHl. LEVYemin'g, 3 uru y Swith, 2
JOHN P.LEVYPicolata, E..F. Spt. Charles E. Flinn, Benandina Sanchez;,
Pieolata, E. F. Sdpt. 12. 8w38 Josiah Fogg. D.MSan imhz
L D. anhezim p, -
INDIAN AFFAIRS. D. S. Gardiner, Mary Smith,
SALE OF INDIAN CATTLE. Josiah Gates. Caroline Searse.
T HE sale of the Cattle to be surrendered Joshi T ,
to the United States, by the Seminole Joshua Hickmnan, Jane Tucker, 2
Indians, under the 6th Article of the Treaty RubiHoffans Sarah Tucker.
of the 9th of May, 1832, with that Tribe, will arlotte Hall, U T
commence at Flotard's place, on the road Iak Supe .ourt 3 Thomas Underwood.
leading from Micanopy to Tampa, about 12 lerk SuperGeoCourt. 4 W alto,
miles from the Seminole Age cy, on the 1st eph B. Lancas- GeorgeAndr Waltmch 23
day of December ensuing, and at Volucia, osepr B. ancas- Andrew Welch, r 2
on the right bank of the St. Jphns river, on. ,John Lawton.Jon 3 Gab William tes'
the 15th day of the same month, and be con- John LawM Charles illeams,
tinued from day to day, until the whole that Wil.ia ora Tiohy W igtman. i
maybe surrendered at those places respec-WilliamMorgan, Timothy Wigtman.
tively, shall be sold. David McKees, 2 Y
Sales will be made to te highest bidder, Thomas Moody, 2AHenryoung.
and prompt pl enit requ ed from purchas- IAA D HART, P M.
ers, in every W. ,FOR ISALE. \ .
It is probable tlifat a considerable number FOR SA .
of Indian Ponies, or horses, will be offered at"'A VALUXBLE COTTON PLANT.ATION, pleas-
private sale or public auction, at the times _j antly situated, and healthy, oni the St.
and points assignated. Johns' river, in Duval county, Florida, four F
WILEY THOMPSON, miles above the growing town of Jackson- t
Supt Seminole Rem. ville, containing 500 acres, of which one half
Seminqole Agency, Florida, 4th Oct. 1835. (250 acres) is good planting land, in a corn- o
pact body, and under fence. It has a good m
RV NOTICE. Dwelling House, with all the other necessary b
buildings required on a Plantation. Those s
nnHE subscribers having disposed of all who wish to purchase, can'call. on JOSIAH
L their stock of goods to Mr. WILLiA GATES, who is on the place and will aid
RIDER, and having taken the store lately oc- them inan examination of the premises-
cupied by them, they cheerfully recommend They will have a view of the present crop,
their customers to patronize him. and from him, or the subscriber at St. Mary's
Mr. Rider is fully authorised to settle all Georgia, may obtain, the terms of sale. d
our Book accounts contracted in our store WHIPPLE ALDRICH. f
business. Those indebted to us either by Jacksonville, Aug 17 4w31 d
note or book account, are requested to call at 3
hts store and pay the same without delay, or $100 REWARD T AD
suits w ill be com m enced. R..er n a. u'
3&LANCH.VID & RIDER. E SCAPED from the Jail of Monro Colin-
Jacksonville, Sept. 17th, 1835. 35tf ty District ordaa pris
Sooner by the name of JIMES S. 81IO..VDS
who was committed to my custody on three
NOTICE indictments foimd !y the grand j ury of said
T ^^AVNG purchased BL CHARD County, on the several charges of murder, r
.] RIDER'S stock of Goods in this place, piracy, anid larceny, and made his escape by'
and taken the store recently occupied by means of false keys on the night of the 14th T
them, I calculate to replenish the stock with inst. He is a native of New Hartford, (Con.) P
such articles as may be wanted to have a a mariner, and has been for several years in
good assortment for this market. command of trading and wrecking vessels, t
[ jPurchasers yill find it for theirinterest and at one time commanded the Schr. Lydia o
to call as above. of Philadelphia.- He is about thirty years of t(
U [-Pay on delivery of the goods. age, five feet five or six inches high, has a
SWILLIA M RIDER. down cast guilty look, dark sallow complex-
Jacksonville, Sept. 8, 1835. 35tf ion, but from close confinement for several
"months had become somewhat pale, has a re-
i NOTICE. 'markable scar on his head and some scars
ALL persons having demands against the about his face. He is well known in New j
Estate of M.IRY HOBKIRK, deceased, York where his wife's connexions reside.
are requested to present them duly attested, I will give the above reward if he is secur-
to the undersigned, on or before the 1st day ed in any Jail in the United States, or the
of February next, and all persons indebted to same reward with all reasonable expenses if
said Estate are requested to make immediate delivered to me at Key West.
payment. THOMAS EASTIN, U. S. Marshal.
JAMES HOBKIRK, } Key West, July 25, 1835. -
WILLIAM J. MILLS: Ex'rs. S
Jacksonville, Oct. 1, 1835. 38tf R. B. GREGORY, "
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
$60 REWARD. "JAS opened an office in Jacksonville, for V
lj RANAWAY from the subscei- _A'l- the practice of the Law, ifi the several pl
ber, about two months since, Courts of Duval and of the adjoining coun.
. ls his t,,o legro fellows, George ties. ,t
and John. George, a South He pledges himself, that all business en- t]
Carolinian born, is about 40 trusted to his care, shall receive prompt and te
]' ) Lyears old, of the middle size, diligent attention.
*g^. well built, he stammers so Jacksonville, July 15, 1835. 29tf
much that at times it is diffi-
cult to understand what he says. STORE TO LET.
.John, an African born, is about 28 years FrHE STORE at MANDARIN re- 2
old, middle size, stout, fat,and of avery black _' X cently occupied by E. A. Co-
complexion. Both jobbing carpenters. Those -t- HEN), Esq. will be rented on fair ,
two negroes are probably lurking in the terms. It is a good stand for business, and
neighborhood ofWhitesville, on Black Creek, possession can be had immediately.
Duval County, E.F., where they have their Apply to C. READ, near the premises. or
wives. George at Mr. S. Y. Garey's and John Mandarin, August 3, 1835. 29ff
at Mr. Brown's. .
The above reward will be paid by Mr. NOTICE.
Francis Gue, Merchant in St. Augustine- WVILL hol a'JMagistrates Court at the
thirty dollars on the delivery in the jail of 1 Court-ha in Jacksonville, on the Sec-
said city of each of said negroes; besides the nd Saturhdar& each month, at10 o'clock, A. Z
reasonable expenses incurred to bring them M. In my'sence, any business left with T
there, or on the delivery to the person sent O. M. n Esq. will be punctually at- ed
to receivethem at any place where they may tend S. STREETER w
be secured with the proper information giv- Justice of thePeace.:
en, to that effect to tha said Francis Gue. 1I 17 25
M. DE FOUGERES. -" .
St. Augustine, July 1. 29 '" PROCLAMATION,
y.,Georgc K. Walker, Sec'"tary, and Acting
NOTICE. HE Governor of Florida.
NOTICERA. a ecio"shldn he
CLERK's OFFIE-DUVAL COUNTY, ) HEREAS, a Election was held on the ta
Jackso0nvi e, August 3d, 1835. n. first Donday in May, 1835, for the of
LL rsos avr anr eed oth ton of a Deleg0ate to the next Congress
A L persons having any deeds or oth he United States, for the Territory of
A instruments of writing to be recorce dda d h d el OINI
nod idao;randw whereas atsaid election, JosrP
will please leave the money for recordingthe" received a greater number of,
same also--otherwise'the deeds or othr in, than anyotinivida n apers
struments Wvill notbeplaced upon record unt "ar other indi m dual, as appears:
thePfees is paid.g p r o k ow, therefore. in pursuance of law, I do
Persons having papers of any khA'eeby proclaim tlhe said Joseph M. White,
recorded, will pleaseacall and pay dtai rillyelected the Delegate from this Territo' an
AAs the workHis d nnd Intk lole next Congress of the United States.ry
JacksonvilleS AI3 D A given under my hand this 28h day of d
Jacksonville, Aug. 3, ff August, A. D. 1835". dG.hK.WALKER. tdi
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES &c.
HE Subscriber respectfully informs the
Public,' that he has just returned from
New York, with an entire new and full as-
sortment of Dry Goods, Hardware and Cut-
lery, Shoes and Hats, Groceries and Provi-
sions, Drugs and Medicines, Crockery and
Glass Ware. And hopes by his attention, t'
merit a share of their patronage, and"assures
them, that his Goods will be sold at a reason-
able price for Cash, or in barter for country
produce. H; H. PHILIPS.
N. B.-CASH paid for Cotton, Hides, Deer
Skins, Tallow, Beeswax, Moss, &c.
Jacksonyille, Nov. 20. 40tf
THE Subscriber has just received from
"New York, a fsti supply of Fall and
W-inter Goods, consisting. of
120 barrels best Canal Flour,
100 half do do do
75 bbls Pilot Bread,
30 do Irieh Potatoes,
20 hhds New England Rum,
4000 lbs Bacon,
4000 do best Soap,
10 quintals Cod Fish,
20 kegs Goshen Butter,
40 bags best Coffee,
Mess & Prime Pork,Molasses, Sugar, Rice,
Mackerel, White Beans, Rum, Brandy, Hol-
land and American Gin, Irish Whiskey,
Wines, Porter, Lemon Syrup, &c. &c.
A large assortment of Dry Goods-Boots
& Shoes, Crockery, Glass, Stone, Hard and
Hollow wares, &c. &c.
Cotton Bagging, Twine, Rope, &c.
All of which will be sold at the lowest 'ash
prices. M. .K. PINCKSTON.
Jacksonville, Nov. 19, 1835. 39tf
HESu bsecref has just received from
New York and Charleston, per Schr.
George and Mary, a full assortment of
ENGLISH AND WEST INDIA GOODS,
which he offers for sale at the lowest cash
[!- The highest price paid for all kinds of
produce-such as Cotton, Moss, Hides, Furs,
&c.&c. &.H. LIBBEY.
Black Creek, Nov. 19,11835. 39tt
Y[I H. Libbey having been appointed agent
for the Schr. George & Mary, he will attend
to the receiving of0 all kinds of freight to or
SHE Public are informed that a line of
SCovered Barouches will run between
[allahassee and Jacksonville, to, leave this,
laoe every Monday. ;
( [:Forty pounds baggage wvill be allowed
o each passenger, and for any greater weight,
)ie cent per pound will be charged for every
:Fare through, each way, $25. #
S "JAMES M, HARRIS.
Jacksonville, Jan. 14. 3tf
ACKSONVILLE TO ST. AUGUSTINE.
"HE Subscriber will run a good BarWioche
Sand good Horses from Jacksonville to
t. Augustine, once. a week; to leave this
lace every Monday morning, and arrive in
t. Augustine on the evening of the same day.
Returning-will leave St. Augustine on
Wednesday morning, and arrive'at this place
n the evening of the same day.
.['FForty: pounds baggage will be allowed
each passenger, and for any greater weight,
de cent'per pound will be charged' or every
.[l-Fare each, way $5.
FACTORAGE & COMMISSION
HE Subscribers intend establishing on
_the first November, a branch of their
House in Charleston, S. C. for the transac-
tion of Factorage and Coinnission Business,
under the firm of.W. KIG & Co. to be con-
ducted by their partner W. King, and would
respectfully offer their services in both the
cities of Charlestcn and Savannah, to their
friends and the public.
SPECKLED BUTTER.-" Do you want to
buy a rale prime lot of butter ?" said a
Yankee notion dealer, who had picked up
a load from fifty different places, to aiSos-
"What kind of butter is it ?" said the
The clear quill; all made by my wife,
from a dairy of forty cows; only two
But what makes it of so many different
colors F' said the buyer.
Darnatiohvbear that now. I guess
you would'nt ax that question if you had
seen my cows, for they are a darn'd sight
specelder than the butter is."
A Physician had a skeleton so fixed,'that
on entering the room, a spring was touch-
ed, when in an instant, it grasped the per-
son entering. An Irishman (a stranger)
called on the doctor for some medical aid,
and was shown into the room where the
skeleton was-it seized him in a rmoment
-Pat up with his fist to defend himself;
but to his great surprise he saw the ghastly
figure disengaging itself-when he flew
from the house like lightning. A few days
after, meeting the doctor, (who might be
called a walking skeleton) coming out of
his own house-Ah, my honey, are you
there? Do you think that I don't know
you, with your clothes on ? He seized
the doctor by the throttle, and bestowing
a few hearty whacks-there, said he, take
that for the sweat you gave me t'other day.
HouSE. DIVED .--A father who was
cursed with aI unruly son, remarked to
him one day, ',I am going to' divide the
house with you." The son expressed a
great deal of jo' at the proposal, and was
,anxious to be in mediately made acquaint-
ed with the natreofthe division. "Well,"
said the father, my determination is this,
I shall keep al the inside of the house,
and you may ta e the rest."
A Good CUiTOMER.--"'What do you
wish to get in your'bottles?" said a grocer
to a little boy, as lie entered the store.-
"Mother wants to get a cent's worth: of
your best yeast." Which bottle will you
have it in?" .,,11 have it in both; and
you will please to put a cork -in em. Can't
you send it home? 'cause I'm going aft-
other way." ""Well, where's your'cent ?"
oMother says you'must charge it!"
SOLITUDE.--" I say," said a dandy to an
intelligent mechanic, "-I say I've got an
idea in my head." '
Well," replied the other, if you don't
cherish it__with great care, it will die for
want of companions."
'To contradict a man in his .argument is
to knock at his door to see if there is any
body at home. '
M I S CE L.I. A N EO US.
MAN AND WIFE.-In general let a wo-
man make a man's house agreeable to him,'
and he will ,in time prefer it to all other
places. There are exceptions to this as
wiell as all other :rules, but the instances
are n'ot numerous. The great error which
womea fall into, is, that they suppose the
lover and husband to-be the same'individu-
al, which is apalpable mistake.-The hus-
band may love as well as the lover, but his
passion will bear. different character.-It
is,:the want of this knowledge that makes
nmrried ladles troublesome to their hus-
bands, from .a supposition that they are
neglected, if a man is out of their sight for
an, hour or two,; they tare astonished how
be6can be capable oftaking any pleasure
when absent from them! and attribute the
want of that assiduous, attention which
preceded their marriage, to disgust or cold
indifferefice; when in truth it is nothing
more than the natural consequence of pos-
sessing what we with ardor aspired to at-
tain. While we.airei pursuit of any
thing, the mind isin a continual state of
agitation, which, gives, activity 'to all the
senses; but when we once arrive at the
goal we are not less happy perhaps, but
more calm, and ,onsequeltly less rapturous
in our expressions. It is in this state of
foridertranquillity, if may be allowed the
phrase, that a man begins to-survey the
partner of his fortunes through the optics
of reason, unobstructed by the vapors of
passion ; and it is at this period that a wo-
Oman should endeavor by the strictest at-
tention to every word and action to fix on
her husband's mind a thorough confidence
Mi her virtue, an, probation ofher con-
.-duct, and a!reflected esteem for her char-
acter in general.
A MoT'HER's TEAKS.--Thereis a touch-
ing sweetness4-in a mother's tears when
they falh 'upon the face of her babe, which
no eye can behold without imbibing its in-
fluence.I Upon such hallowed ground, the
foot ofpr6fanity dares not approach. In-
fidelity itself is silent and forbears its scof-
ings... And here woman displays not her
wea*n0ss- ,but her strength-it is, that
strengthl of attachment Which can never, to
its. ftWl intensity,, realize. Ittis perennial,
.dependentr on no climate, no changes-but
aikoin storm or sunshine, itknows no
shadow -of turning. A fatret, when he
sees his childgoing to the dark valley,,will
weep when the shadow of death has filly
1 come over hirx, and as the last parting
knell falls on his ears, may say, I go down
to thQe grave for my son mourning ."but the
brny---of b~w~neie-drawa -,him --aay-the
tear is wiped.- fr'om his eye-and if, when
he returns to his :fire-side, the vacancy in
the family circle reminds mm of his loss,
the. succeeding day .blu nts the poignancy
of his grief, untii at length it finds no per-
smanent seat min his breast.. "Not so with her
who has borne and nourished the tender
blossom. It' lives in the! heart. where'it
was'first' entwined '.in the dreaming hours
of night. Shbe sees its playful mirth or
hears its plaintive cries. "She sqeks it in
thP'morning,'", andi, goes to the' griave to
weeplthere." l.) ., .- ;
THE SSwA:XoF LocH OiCH.--A solitary
w'ild swan naay he seen on Loch Oich. It
has sailed there for thirtyr or forty years, in
Summer ands.wi'nter, "witliarched neck
between its white wings mantling." It had
a mate, but about twenty years ago, the
Master of a trading vessel (m~ore wantonly
gary,) shot the bird. The Glengarry swan,
however, kept its' solitary range. Last
winter:, three other'swans lighted on the
iake*; thecy remained a month or tvvO' and
it was thought the recluse Would depart
with them But it had app~arently :10 de-
rire to change its wonted station..As swvans
have been known to live upwards of a cen-
tury, we hope this faithful bird will escape
accident and cruelty, and live through two
* or three generations more to grade the
" shores ofXipch etch.
CHART OF HEALTH-'LOVE.-A com-
plaint ofte heart, growing out of an inor-
dinate, longing after something difficult to
obtain. It attacks persons of both sexes,
generally, between the ages of fifteen and
thirty so'me have been known to have it
at the age of sixty.
SYMPTOMS.-Absence of mind-giving
things-wrong names-calling tears nectar,
and sighs zephyrs-a great fondness for
poetry, and music-gazing on the moon
and stars--tooth ache, loss of appetite, ne-
glect of business-loathing for all thing-
save*one--blood-shot in the eyes, and con-
Stant sire t t sigh.
E TS-A strong heart-burn-pulse
high-stupidly eloquent eyes, sleeplessness,
and "all that sort of things. At times ima_-
inatip-mp' bright-bowers of roses, Winged
Cupids, and buttered I)eas-aud then again
oceans of despair, racks, tortures, andhair-
A triggered pistols. ;
CuR.E.-Get married. '
,TO THE PUBLIC.
T HE- SUBSCRIBER, having purchased
T IThe Southern g.q19icturalist from its late
Editor 'and proprietor, Mr. Johni D' .'Legare,
solieit'the support of the friends Agricuiil-
ture, and ,of the-initerests connected^ with iq
throughout the Southern States. ,i~e. has
published this work for Mi.' Legate from its
commencement, in the year-,' 128,.andhe, it
thus practically acquainted with the mqd in
which it should be conducted.. Its publica-
tion will be continued on the same terms and
in" tle same manner as heretofore wiit' such
improvements aslis experience may suggest.
As the subscriber is solicitous to make this
Journal the vehicle for dissemminating useful
information, not only with regard to' estab-
lished systems of husbandry, but also expefi.-
n-men tal efforts in Agriculture and ,Hortiivul-
ture' he invites -free and unrestricted commu-
nication. from al persons occupied in- these
pursuits. .,Let no one imagine that solitary
facts or isolated experiments are too trivial to
be communicated.: ,41I systematic knoww.
edge is but the aggregate of hunible particu-
lars; -and Scienceo in every department, is
brought tO perfecotlon, nDbt through the instru*
mentality of a single exrraordinar' mind, but
by the contiibution of; particulars by man
individuals, and generally after the lapse of
many years, he is desirous, there'fre, to have
as many facts to record as cav be furnished '
and from the planter, who is systematic in
his experimental' labors, an account of his
failures as wet a his successful efforts, ill
be ac'ceptable If the last are worthy of being
recorded that they -may be imitated, the ,first
should be no!ed in order to-be shunned.,.
The subscriber hopes that this appeal to his
fellow citizens of the South, will not be in
vain. ;It would beoa reproa to our Planters
to meet the fate of ihe.Southern Rerview.. Of
the last'it may be justly, said, that it ivas suf-
fered to fail, when it was not only hearing for
us well merited fame as a literary people,
but it, as also vindicating the Southern hab-
its from the: unjust aspersions which have
been so'liberally bestowed pon iis out of our'
section of coiuntr-y. ThI "Southern Agri-
culturalist" in some measure supplies tht
place of the Southern Review; BO far as re-
gards the'circumstances last alluded to. If
Serves-as .a Reg'ister 'not onlyof methods of,
Husbandry, but also of facts relating, to our
System of Slavery.. The Subiects of the deci-
lline, the treatment, the characters of our
Slaves, are fairly suitedto its pages- and
constitute topics as interesting 6 and important'
as any/which can engage either o 0urjw'n at-
tention or the attention of those abroad, who
teel a legitimate interest in our concerns.
The subscriber be.gs. leave, in conclusion, ,
'to remark, that if he 1 not undertaken to
continue the publicatio)f this Periodical, it,
most probably, would nave been either* re-
moved -from, our city, .or been. suspended.
Whether it will beinhis power to continue it4,
'will.depend not only on the Pecuniary but
the Literary Contributions of Soutlhern Plan-
ters. He confidently now leaves this matter
in theic hands,'feellng, a full assurance that
there is wantinig on the part of our Planters,
neither the liberality nor mental energies ne-
cessary tosustain the Southern Agric ulturist.
A. E. MILLER, Publisher..
CharlestonCS.' C.Dec. 1,134. 34
Persons de.&i'ous of subscribing ,can' apply
to W. T. WILLIAMS, Savannah, orat this
THE BOSTON PEARL AND LITER-
,,T ARY 1GAZETTE.--Volume Fourth.
Published every' week, by
I t.C C. ,PR3 Y, .un.
The work will be published weekly, each
number'containing eight large quarto pages
--equal to sixty duodeci meopages--of mi'scel-
laneous arid-original maatter, printed on supe-
rior white paper, with perfectly'new type. 'A
handsome title page and correct index witl
be-furnished, and:the work at the end of the
year, will form an excellently printed volume
of four hundred and Sixteen pages, equal "to
three thousand duodecimo" pages."
The volume will' contain twenty-six pieces
of music for the Piano Forte, &c. :equal" to
"one hundred of common sheet music, which
could' not be purchased separately for less
than five dollars and the publisher is deter-
minfed to procure the -simple rather than the
complex anid difficult. :' .!"
Atthough the publisher places no: depen-
dance whatever, inathe support 'of it, as a lite-
rary paper, from it's engravings, yet there witl
be presented occasionally, plates from copper
and wood of heantiful workmanship an~d fin-
.ish. Already: have iappeared- a beautifully
engraved portrait of James Fenimore Cooper,
.executed :on Steel, and a chaste vignette title
page, engraved on copper.
aIts contents will be various and spirited, as
there will be a-general record of Occurren
ces, Statistics, Obituary notices, &c. &e. in
addition to the Tales, Legends, Essays, Trav-
elling, Literary, Fugitive and Historical
Sketches, Biography, Poetry &c. making an-
elegant piper-for the parlor, and for, the lover
of polite literature, as contributions will be
secured from some of the most popular Ame-
rican' authors. v
The work will be printed as well, and con-
tain as much reading matt any similar
quarto paper nowI publis, the Unitedt
States; and it can safely H y be called:
the cheapest journal of theb R1.
Tprms-Three dollars per annuam, as the,
paper is firmly established-to be paid in ad-
vance. Two, dollafor six months, to -be
1 Boston, -1834.," / 1
JOH1N A.SIILLOV, Y9,
Real Estate and eclikandizerBrOker, Alo. 26,
Exchangerstreet, Bston) ,Mass.'
W ILL attend to the selling and buying#
,V f IReal?" Estate, in every .prt of the
United States. 'People' desirous of emigrat-
ang from one part of the Union to another,
can always receive correct information by
applying at his office. He will reoeiv orders
for various kinds of Merchandize, delivered
at any part of the, Union. Comiaauaieptions
addressed to him vill be promptly attended
to. Jan.'1, 1835.
T-HE STEAM PACKET
W" ILL run once aj week from Savannah
to Picolata, touching at Darien, St.
Mary's, and Jacksonville.,
R. & W. KING,
'Agents at Savannah.
Freight payable ; by shippers. All slave
passengers must be cleared at the Custom-
Conveyances for St. Augustine, in-readi-
ness at Picolata.
RAIL ROAD NOTICE.
T lHE undersigned Commissioners give no,
tice that pursuant to the: Act entitled
"An Act to amend an Act to incorporate the
FLORIDA PENINSULA AND JACKSONVILLE RAIL,
ROAD COMPANY, approved February 15,1835,
that the Books will be again opened at Jack-
sonville, at the store of I. D. Hart, Bay-street,
on the 4th day of May, and continue open
until the 1st day of August next, to receive
subscriptions for stock to carry said Rail Road
into execution. I'.
By the 8th ,Section of this amendatory Act,
the subscribers for stock heretofore taken,
have a prior right to subscribe for the same
amount of Stock on the New Books.
ISAI3H D. HART,
W. J. MILLS,
JOS. B. LA.NCASTER.
Jacksonville, March 31, 1835. 14
O~ A :T~ :
S TE AM EB
M P A N Y.
THE Subscriber has for sale the following,
.T articles of merchandise. I
Superior quality Blankets from $4 50 to
$5 50 per pair,
A good quality Negro 'cloth 37 1-2 c. pr yd.
Irish Linen friom 50 c to $1.00.
Best plaid Homespuns 7 yds. for $1.00,'
3-4 Homespuns unbleached 10c per yard,
Superior fancy stripes 183-4c.
Silk h'dkfs from 50c to $150,
4-4 unbleached Shirting 13c per yard by
the piece, or 6y'ds for one dollar by retail,
Shirting bleached from 13c to 25c pr yd,
Fancy dress and furniture calicoes from
13c to 25c per yardbythe piece, .
Sattinetts from 87 1-2c to $1125 superfine,
Superfine cloth $450 per yard, .
White aLnd red flannels from 371-2c to
62 1-2c per yard, A "
Bed tickings frof1 183-4c tfi5c per yard,
Musquito netting, good qu $125 pr ps.
A good assortment of fancy belt ribbands-
shirt buttons-silk-sewing silk--ball and
spool thread--writing paper-superior do.-
ladies white hose-ho'rn and wood combs-
silk and cotton umbrellas-and a good as-
iThe above articles are of the best quali-
ty, and will be, sold for a small advarice, for
cash or produce.
JOHN W. RICHARD.
Jacksonville, Jan. 22. 4tf
CABINET FURNITURE WARE-
TAMES H. COOKE, No. 100, Broadway,
e New York, offers for sale every kind and
,,quality of Sofas--Sidebbards--Secretaries
Book Cases--Tables of all' descriptions-
Chairs of every quality-HI'gh post and
French Bedsteadslei' Mahoga0y and Maple-
Hair and Moss Mattrasses-Feather Beds--
Looking Glasses-Carpets--and a full as-
sortment of every thing necessary to furnish
April 7. 3w15
T HE above company take this method.of
'informing the public thatithey have
purchased two Steamboats, the MACON
and EXCEL, which boat" re to run regu-
larly between Darien and Macon, leaving
D'arien once'every week with two tbw boats.
The steamboats will draw only 26 inches, 'of
water with two good engines in each. The
comipany have been at great expense to place.
this line of steamboats in the Ocmulgee and
Altamaha and rivers,would respectfifuly solicit
the patronage of the public. This line will
be a great facility for merchants who wish to
ship their goods by the way of Savannah or
Darien, to 'Hawkins-lle and Mlacon or an
shipping Cotton 'to Savannah;. rrange-
ments have been made to forward cotton or
goods without detention between Savannah
;and Darien. ; '
No exertion or expense, will, bee spared to
give the greatest despatch: to goods or cotton
shipped by this line. "
Agents for the.above boats':' : '
L. BALDWIN & CO. Savannah.,
J. GODDARD & Co. 'Macon. ^ -
MITCHEL & CoLlINs, Darien.
J E. & B., DELENO,,Ciarleston.
LAND AT ST. -PABLO
T HE Subscriber offers for sale for cash, 0r
prime Negroes, or good 'acc6ptances,--
the following tract of fine Live Oak ham--
mock land on- St. Pablo Creek, bounded as
foilcivs, viz:-on the West by Pablo Creek,
on te North by Winslow Foster's land, on
the East and South by lands of Cornelius
Taylor, containing two hundred and thirty-
three acres. For particulars apply to
A .ART, or i"
Jacksonville,'Jan. 22. ,4tf
, '.. NOTICE. .
A LL persons indebted to'the subscriber,
either byNote or-Book account, are re-
quested to settle the same without delay; and
no credit will be given at my store after the
10th March. ARDY P ILIPS.
Jacksonville, March 3. l 0tft
SUGAR MILL FOR SALE.
A GREAT BARGAIN is offered, in the
sale of a New Sugar Mill, from West
Point Foundry; diameter of Centre Roller,
two feet two and a half inches, and two outer
ones, one foot ten and one-fourth inches-
with Iron cogs, points, &c, as also a set of
Kettles from the noted Foundry in Scotland,
known by name of the Carran Foundry, war-
ranted and ,proof, as malleable Iron. The ca-
pacity of the grand Kettle is three hundred:
gallons, and proportioned, or graduated, to
sixty gallons, being four to the set; all of
.which, with Coolers, Vats, and a Cistern to
contain thirty hogsheads'of Syrup, will be
disposed of, if applied for shortly, for at least
twenty-five per cent below cost.
A line directed to E. B. COX,,on Sidon
Plantation, McIntosh County, Georgia, (as
Manager,) will be attended'to.
March 12. 4wll
SUNDAY MORNING NEWS.
T HE Sanday Morning News has now been
,T JL before' the public -for upwards of three
months, and if any criterion can be drawn
from the number, of its patrons and subscrib-
ers, it has: met with a. flattering acceptance,
and the principles it has been guided by in
its management, have been approved* and
sanctioned. ; As a consequence of its increas-
ed circulationm, its advertising friends'have
come toward in large numbers; and, as it may
now be considered fairly afloat, and rising on
the tide of public favor, it affords an admira
ble vehicle for the dissemination of such in-
telligence as those engagedin business wish
to communicate to their correspondents and
The number of papers supplied to casual
enquirers, in addition to the regular subscri-
bers, on Sundays, is very great, and is con-
stantly increasing; which is another proof of
popular approbation, and a sign of the attrac-
tive charactiei of its general and miscellane-
Under these favorable circumstances the
Sunday Morning .News will proceed with re-
doubled confidence and energy, in laboring
to gratify the curiosity anddtaste of the pub-
lie, in all the various 'items of intelligence
which fbrm the staple of a weekly journal.-
The man of business will be sure to find
therein the most recent and correct informa-
tion upon the state of the foreign and domes-
tic markets, the current of business, the arri-
val of vessels, and every thing connected
with mercantile affairs; the politician will
meet with a faithful abstract of the, move-
ments of parties, with legislative proceedings
here, together with details of the politically
operations on the continent of Europe, anY
every other, quarter ofgthe globe : the lover of
varied ana' diversified read* will Jind the
means of gratifying his appe .t(1 as copiously
supplied' as possible; wvhile the',admirers of
literature will be sure to discovele.omethina
to suit their' tastes,in the choice's xtracts
from native and foreign periodicals 'td in
thie 'contributions' of popular and apoved
writers. The tone preserved throughout iil
be that of scrupulous morality, so tlial
most fastidious shall) have nothing to obje
toon this score-and tfhe wish of the proprie1
tor, as it h a& been and will continue to bp hi
duty as well as his desire, sliall be to JAt
in"its coltmins inwell arrano-ed and digd/ld
,order, all that is sound and elegant in 7i1
ture, aniusing in art, instructive in the scjt_
ees, and :necessary for a correct appreci.i.-i'.
ofpassing events, .
Thie popularity nom enjoyed by thisjou nal,
will be the best guarantee for a careful ad-he-
riice tol the meansby. which it was acquired;
and the patronage hitherto extended towards/
it, the most flattering encouragement to '
perseverance in the saeie course.
CASH willbe,.paid for One Hundred Or-
ange Sticks; of various sizes, on delive-
ry at this office, immediately. March 5.
GREAT NATIONAL WORK,:'
Of useful and_ Eyt('rtidni,-, Knowledge, to be il-
lustrated by numerous Engravings.
BY THE BOSTON BE WICK COMPANY.
T .HE success which has attended the pub-
lication of the best Magazines fiom. the
English Pressi has led to preparations" for is-
suing a perio0cal more particularly adapted
to the wants afd teste of the American pub-
lic. While it will be the object of the pro
prietors to make the work strictly what its
title indicates, it will, nevertheless, contain
all articles of interest to its patrons, which
appear in foreign Magazines.
Extensive preparations. have been entered
into, both with, Artists and Authors, to fur-
nish, from all parts of the Union, drawings
and illustrations 6f every subject of interest,
which the publishers confldantly believe will
enable them to issue a work honorable to its
title and acceptable to the American People.
The American Magazine is published
mno.nthly-each number containing between
Ofny and fifty imperial octavo pages, at Twvo
DOLLARS per fmtnnum,npayable in a dance.
I It comprises-Portraits and Biographical
Sketches of distinguished Americans; Views
of Public Buildings, Monuments, and im-
provements ; Landscape scenery-the bound-
less variety and beauty of which, in this
country, will form an unceasing source of in-
struction and gratification; Engravings and
descriptions of the character, habits, &c. of
Birds, Beasts, Fishes, and Insects, together
with every .subject connected'with'thie Geo-
graphy, History, Natural and Artificial re-
sources of the country, illustrated in a familiar
4fd popular manner.,
Boston Bewick Company.
No.'47, Court-Street. "
[g:r Editors of Newspapers throughout the
United States, who will publish the foregoing
Prospectus, and notice the, contents, of the
Magazine from time to time, shall be entitled
to the first volume. ,
Any person remittirig the Agent, by mail,
point paid, Ten Dollars, shajllrece.ive' six
copies for eone year-and continued, as- 1ng
as the money is .regularly forwarded.
A liberal pie "will bce !piid for- apropriate
and wel! written articles, or drawi gs, .illus-
trative of national subjects, possessing in-
terest. SUbscriptions received at th"soffice.
Dec. 25,1834 ,
B Y An act passed by the Legislative Coun-
cil of this Territory, at its last session
and approved by the qyovernor, Feb(. 14th,
1835, the Subscribers were appointed Com-
missioners to Open, Books and receive sub-
scription for the stock of aBank to be loca-
ted in this Town, to be called THE BANK
OF JACKSOJYVILLE. '
In pursuance of wfiich the Subsciibers
hereby givenotice, that the Books- for Sub-
scription for the-stock in said Bank, will be
opened in this Town, at the Counting-Room
of Messrs. Blanchard & Rider, corner 6t
Bay and Liberty streets, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
on the fourth day of May next.
W. J. MILLS,
ISAIAH D. HART.
Jacksonville, E. F. April 2d, 1835..
TREASURER'S OFFICE, ,
Tallaliassee, March 8th, 1835. '
B-Y an act passed 21st November, 1829, it
is proviided that all Bonds executed, by
Auctioneers, shall be forwarded by the Judge
of the County Court to the Treasurer of the
Territory of Florida; and thatall Auctioneers
,shall quarterly in each year commencing on
|the 1st of January, tranismit to the Treasurer
ymder oath. take before someJudge, a copy
-afall sale effected by him, with the amount
4-nd at whatdtime and place, and for whom
the same was made. ,Now, all Auctioneers
are required to take notice of said law, and
(loonform to it, or suits upon their Bonds must
je institied. Judges of the County Courts
a tested without delay, to forward,
Certified and approved, the Bonds of
A's, rsin their possession.
4 .. !^l CHARLES AUSTIN,
t^urer of the Territory ofFlorida.
New York, August 1G.
We can have no -stronger proof of a
('Wntn of"good breeding, than to hear one
continually complaining of abuses from
Bought friendship' last no longer thani
*ile dwe are paying fort. .
3PBe sober, temperate and economical.