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mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
displayLabel Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926. Ceased in 1838.
numbering peculiarities Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher L. Currier & Co.
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued marc 1835-
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end 1838
mods:dateCreated August 6, 1835
mods:frequency Weekly
marcfrequency weekly
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00028424_00004
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mods:extent v. : ; 45-68 cm.
mods:detail Enum1
mods:caption 1835
mods:number 1835
mods:title Jacksonville courier and Southern index
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Jacksonville (Fla.)
Duval County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
mods:state Florida
mods:county Duval
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Jacksonville courier
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sobekcm:Name L. Currier & Co.
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Jacksonville courier
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028424/00004
 Material Information
Title: Jacksonville courier
Uniform Title: Jacksonville courier (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 45-68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: L. Currier & Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville East Fla
Creation Date: August 6, 1835
Publication Date: 1835-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1838.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
General Note: Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
General Note: Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002025285
oclc - 09263722
notis - AKL2850
lccn - sn 82016251
System ID: UF00028424:00004
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Jacksonville courier and Southern index

Full Text




TERMS-$4 per year, payable half yearly
in advance.-tingle papers 12 cents.
Advertisenmnts inserted, and contracts
made for yearly advertising, on reasonable
A11 comun'.,ations by mail may be ad-
ldrdsed to t WILLIAMS, Editor of the Cou-
rier,-posta e in all cases, to be paid.

St. S.tgtine-John Gray, Esq. P. M.
JVewnan4ville-Sm Ellis, Esq. P. M.
Spring ,rove-J. Garrison, Esq. P. M.
Mandarn-E. A. Cohen, Esq. P. M.
St. Mar 's--A. Doolittle, Esq. P. M.
*SavannA-S. Philbrick, Esq.
.facon-Edmund Russell.
M __ndR

[For ;he Courier.]

Yon glowing hosts-from whence are they-
What iand could wake them into birth,-
R.anged i yon vault in bright array
And gazing on this lowly earth ?
!Could clnce have: call'd the void to form,
From 4haos e'en an,atom rear'd?
,A fra 'oflife to being warm,
h, h 2iinatter's self had not appeared ?
less depths could find no bound-
.-l eribthall the baseless structure xest;
\h sustaifiing arm be found'
Wdi, control, as seemeth best.
' theview that power must rise;
'.. Sdupremc its un created source ;
Alone-its niighty\realm the skies,
Unseen-7onfine\essin its course.
Through all,\n all--po clasp the whole,
And yet a pyrt of a~.tlhat is-
A universe coiprisingvxsoul,
Whose scope j as the vast abyss.
Say whence this cause ?-can reason tell,
Can mind conceive, can tongue declare ?
At once each wayvard doubt dispel,
And rend the ven and answer where ?
I seek the Stars-bu all is still;
I range the void- nd silence reigns:
Deep fancy baffled yields her skill,
No more its subtle eightt sustains.
But yet, all voiceless, f m these throngs,
An answer, like a venturous beam,
An echo bo ne from sera hs songs
Respond mid the eternal theme ;
'Tis God 'hb made-'tis (od alone,
The tu ekdl choir of worlds proclaim,
In anthe 'd praises round his throne,
Thro' a his work-the maker's name.-P
[F m the Washington Globe.] f
Ths deep solicitude so generally and so o
naturally felt by all to be correctly advised
of the actual state of our relations with
France, will be relieved by a perusal of the
correspo dence which will be found in our
columns of to-day. The documents speak t
language so different and intelligible as to
leave no room for useful comments, if we
were disposed to6offer them. The ground p
taken by our Goernmrent is so just as not .
to admit of any thing like serious diversity
of opinion among the American People.-
Can we be mistake in supposing, that for
once, in a matter nearly affecting the inter,
est and honor of the country, we shall pre-
sent an undi ided frint to the world?
July Ist, 1835. s
SIn consideration of the many important t
interests connected with the relations be- e
tween the U. States and France, the Pres- e
dent has directed the publication of the a
following docVmeats:- r

[Mr. LivingsQon to the Due de Broglie.] t
Paris, Api" 25th, 1835. s
His Excellency, the deBroglie,&. t
c deBroglie,&c.
Sic:-Aboul to retain to my:own coun- i
try, I, am unwiling to,\leave this' without t
,adding one mo effort to the many I have t,
heretofore made to restore to both that mu- s
tual good understanding, which their best i
interests, require, and- which probable e- t'
vents may interrpt, and perhaps perma- :(
nently destroy. o .
'From the cor-espondence, and acts of .a
His Majesty's Gc-vernmeat, since the Mes- c
sage of thle President oftheliited States o
- was kpown at Paris, it is evident that an c
idea is-entertaine, of makingthe fulfillment f
of the treaty of 831- dependent on expla- t]

nations to be given of terms, used in the
Message, and of withholding payment of
an acknowledged debt until satisfaction be
given for a supposedindecorum in deman-
ding it. The bare possibility that this,
opinion might be entertain d and acted
upon by His Majesty's Gov rnment, ren-
ders it incumbent on me to state explicitly
what understand to be the sentiments of
mine on this subject.
Erroneous impressions rising from the
want of a proper attention t6 the structure
of our Government to tke duties of its
Chief Magistrate, to the principles it has
adopted, and its strict adherence to them,
in similar cases, might raise expectations
which could never be realised, and lead to
measures destructive to all harmony be-
tween.the parties. This communication is
made in full confidence that it is the wish
of His Majesty's Govertment, as it most
sincerely is that of the President, to avoid
all measures of that description, and it is
hoped, therefore, that it will be received in
the spirit by which it is dictated-that of
conciliation and peace.
The form of our Government, and the
functions of the President as a component
part of it, have, in their relation to this sub-
ject, been sufficiently explained'in my pre-
vious correspondence, especially in my let-
ters to the Count de Rigny of the 29th
January last. I have, therefore, little to
add to that part of my representation
which is drawn from the form of our
Government, and the duties of the Presi-
dent in administering it. If these are ful-
ly understood, the principles of action de-
rived from them cannot be mistaken.
The President as the' chief executive
power, must have a free and entire unfet-
tered communication with the co-ordinate
powers of Government. As the organ of
intercourse with other nations, he is the
only source from which a knowledge of
our relations with them can be conveyed to
the legislative branches. It results from
this, that the utmost freedom from all re- I
strain in the details into which he is oblig- l
ed to enter, of international concerns, and
of the measures in relation to them, essen-
tial to the proper performance of this im-
portant part of his functions. He must ex-
ercise them without having continually be-
fore him the fear of offending the suscep-
tibility of the powers whose conduct he is
obliged to notice. In the performance of
this duty he is subject to public opinion, '
and his own sense of propriety for an indis-
creet, to his constituents for a dangerous,
and to his constitutional judges for an ille- t
gal exercise of the power ; but to no other a
censure, foreign or domestic. Were any t
foreign powers permitted to scan the com-
munications of the Executive, their com- i
plaints, whether real or affected, would in-
volve the country in continued controver- y
sies; for, the right being acknowledged, it
would be a duty to exercise it by demand- t
ng a disavowal of every phrase they might t
deem offensive, and an explanation of eve- s
ery word to which an improper interpreta- Sd
ion could be given. The principle, there- o
fore, has been adopted that no foreign pow- ti
er has a right to ask' for explanations of any a
hing that the President, in the exercise of
his functions, thinks proper to communi- *
rate to Congress, or of any course he may
Idvise them to pursue. This rule is not
applicable to the Government of the Uni- tl
ed States alone, but, in common with it, ia
o all those in which the constitutional 13
owers are distributed into different bran- ci
hes. No such nation, desirous of avoid- t
ng foreign influence or foreign interfer- n
nce in its councils, no such nation, pos- P
essing a due sense of its dignity and d
ndeperidence, can longgsubmit to the con- _
equences of other interference. When h
these are felt, as they soon will be, all must c,
mite in repelling it, and acknowledge that d
hle United State, are contending in a cause r
ommon to them all, and more important ci
o the liberal Government of Europe than t
ven to themselves; for it is too obvious to tl
scape the slightest attention that the mon- tl
rchies ofEurope, by tvwhich they are sur- t
wounded, will have all the advantage of w
his supervision of the domestic councils of c(
ftjr neighbors, without being subject to it Ia
selvese. It is true that in theRepre- a
tentative Governments of Europe, Execu- bi

ive commu tions to Legislative Bodies, ti
ave not the nsion that is given to them se
an the Unite. States, and that they are,
lerefore, less liable to attack on that quar- 'S
er, hit they must not imagine themselves C
afe. In the opening address, guarded as fo
t commonly is, every proposition made m
y the Ministry, every resolution of either of
'hambtr, will offer occasions for the jeal- si
us: inteferance of. national punctilio, for re
l .-occu y the same grounds. No inter- fi
ommunieation of. the different branches vE
f.Gover ment will be safe,'and even the su
ounts ofr justice will* afford no sanctuary sh
)r freedopr of decision and of debate ; and bu
he susceptibility of foreign po&Wers must w

be consulted in a0 the Departments of
Occasions for intervention in the affairs
of other countries ae but too numerous ag
present without opting another door .4n0,
encroachments; an it is no answer to the
argument to say thaino complaints will be
made but for reasonable causes, and that of
this, the nation complained of being the
judge, no evil can eisue. But this argu-
ment concedes the r ght df exatQining the
communications in q estiois, which is de-
nied ;hllow it, and yo will have frivolous
as well as grave comnplrints t0'answer, and
must not only heal thewounds of a just
national pride, but apply, a ieniedy to those
of a morbid susceptibility. 'To show that
my fear of the progressive nature of the
encroachments is not imaknary I pray
leave to call your Excellencys attention to
the enclosed report from the Secretary of
State to the President,. It is offered for
illustration, not for comnplaiit. I am in-
structed to make none. Because the Gov-
ernment of France has taken exception to
the President's opening message, the
Charge d'Affairs of Frace thinks it his du-
ty to protest against a speciall communica-
tion, and to point out tle particular passa-
ges in a correspondene of an American
Minister with his own government, to the
publication of which ie objects. 'If the
principle I contest is jut, the Charge d'Af-
fairs is right; he has lone his duty as a
vigilent supervisor of tie President's cor-
respondence. If thepmciple is admitted,
every diplomatic agentit Washington do
the same, and we shall have twenty cen-
sors of correspondence )f the Government
and of the public press. Ifthe principle is
correct, every communication which the
President makes, in reltion to our foreign
affairs, either to the Coigress or to the pub-
lic, ought in prudence t be previously sub-
mitted to these minister; in order to avoid ]
disputes, and troublesone and humiliating t
explanations. If the principle be submit- 1
ed to, neither dignity ror independence is
eft to the nation. To submit even to a i
discreet exercise of suci a privilege, would
)e troublesome and degrading, and the in-
evitable abuse of it coJld not be borne. It (
must, therefore, b jedLatbhethrehold, "
nd its entrance forbl den into the sanc- t
uary of domestic consultations. But, c
whatever may be the principles of other
Governments, those are fixed-the right w never be acknowl-
edged, and any attend to enforce it, will
be repelled by the und'ided energy of the J
nation. I pray your Ecellency to observe t
hat my argument doemot deny a right to
.ll foreign powers of taing proper excep-
ions to the govermenti acts and language p
if another. It is to tbir interference in v
ts consultations, in itsproceedings, while a
'et in an inchoate static that we object.- V
Should the President d an official execu- s
ive act, affecting a for n power, or use n
xceptionable languagin addressing it n
through his minister r through theirs, e
should a law be pass injurious to the e
ignity of another natic, in all these, and tc
their similar cases a demand for explana- t
ion would be respectilly received, and,.n
answered in the mannd that justice and a ua
regard to the dignity ( the complaining ra
ation would ,require.
After stating these priciples, let me add gi
hat they have not only een theoretically
adopted, but that they hie been practical- I
r asserted. On two foi)er occasions, ex-
eptions of the same nare were taken to s
ie President's Messagi by the Govern- H
ent of France, and inpeither did they
reduce any other expirations than that e
erived from the nature of our Govern- re
lent, and this seems on ose occasions to
ave been deemed sufficient; for in both th
ases the objections welj virtually aban- ea
oned. One, when MesS. Marshall, Ger- ch
y and Pinckney, were refused to be re- tic
eived; and again, in thenegotiation be- w
veen Prince Polignac aft Mr. Rives; in ha
ie former case, although the message of u
se President was allege as the cause of ev
e refusal to receive ti Ministers, yet w
without any such explattion, their suc- co
essors were honorable a~redited. In the de
*tter case, the allu n i thii message to id,
n apprehended c61isiomvas xceepted to; ju
ut the reference made IV Mr. Rives to

ie constitutional duties )f the President co
eems to have removed t objection. ,
Having demonstrated hat the United to
states cannot, in any ese, permit their ca
hief Magistrate to be questioned by any te(
reign government, in ration to his comr- de
unications with the co-adinate branches mi
'his own, itis scarcely teessary to con- Te
der the case of 'such explanation being ed
quired as the condition on which the mi
lfilment of a treaty or ar pecuniary.ad- of
vantage was to depend. The terms of a
icha proposition need oly be stated to te,
ow it would be not ,oAy inadmissible, an
it rejected, as, offensive a the nation to er
hipch it night be addresItl. In this case tei

it would be unnecessary, as well as inad-
missible. France has already received, by
the voluntary act of the President, every
explanation which the nicest sense of na-
tional honor could desire.' That which
could not have been given to a demand,
that which can never be given on the con-
dition now under discussion, a fortunate
succession of circumstances, as I shall
proceed to show, has brought about.
Earnestly desirous of restoring the good
understanding between,the two nations as
soon as a dissatisfaction with the Prp.si-
dent's Message was showN. 'I suippressed-
every feeling which the mode of expres-
sing that dissatisfaction was calculated to
produce, and without waiting for instruc-
tions, I hastened, on my own responsibili-
ty, to make a communication to your pre-
decessor in office on the subject. In this,
under the reserve that the President could
not be called on for an explanation 1 dida
in fact give one, that I thought would have
removed all injurious impressions. This
is the first of the fortunate circumstances
to which I have alluded-fortunate in be-
ing made before any demand implying a
right to require it; fortunate in its contain-
ing, without any knowledge of the precise
parts of the Message which gave offence,
answers to all that has since come to my
knowledge. I can easily conceive that the
communication of which I speak, made as
I expressly stated without previous author-
ity from my Government, might not have
had the effect which its matter was intend-
ed to produce, but it has since (as I have
now the honor to inform your Excellency)
received from the President his full and
unqualified approbation;, but it is necessa-
ry to add that this was given before he had
any intimation of an intention to attach it
as a condition to the payment of the in-
demnity due by the Treaty ; given not on-
ly when he was ignorant of any such in-
tent, but when he was informed by France
that she intended to execute the treaty, and
saw by the law which was introduced that
it was not to be fettered by any such con-
dition. Thus, that is already done, by a
voluntary act, which could not have been
done when required as a right, still less
w ien Thade wHat will unquestionably in
he U. States be considered degrading, as a
At this time, sir, I would for no consid-
eration, enter into the details I then did.-
If I could now so far forget, what under
present circumstances would he done to
he dignity of my country, I should be dis- 1
vowed, and deservedly disavowed by the
President. It is happy, therefore, I re-
?eat, that the good feeling of my country
vas evinced, in the manner 1 have stated,
t the only time when it could be done
vith honor; and though present circum- t
tances would forbid my making the com- ]
lunication I then did, they do not prevent (
iy referring to it, for the purpose of show- (
ng that it contains as I have stated it does, (
very thing that ought to have been satis- t
victory. Actual circumstances enable me p
do this now: future 'events, which I t
eed not explain, may hereafter render it p
proper; and it may be nugatory, unless e
accepted as satisfactory before the occur- s
rnce of these events. Let it be examined n
ith the care which the importance of s
ving it a true construction requires. M
The objections to the Message, as far as v
can understand, for they never have been o
specified, are, n
First, that it impeaches the good faith of v
is Majesty's Government. n
Secondly, that it contains a menace of e
forcing the performance of the treaty by t
prisals. a
On the first head, were I now discussing a
e terms of the Message itself, it would be w
sy to show that it contains no such t(
large. The allegation that the stipula- b
ns of a treaty have not been complied s
ith, that engagements made by Ministers K
Lve not been fulfilled, couched in respect- a
1 terms, can never be deemed offensive, t(
en when expressly directed to the party r'(
hose infractions are complained of; and in
nsequently can never give cause for a I
mand of explanation; otherwise, it is ev- ti
ent that no consideration of national in- f<
ries could ever take place. The Mes- ith

ge, critically examined on this point, Ic
ntains nothing more than such an enu-
eration' of the causes of complaint. As o:
its terms, the most fastidious disposition th
nnot fasten on one that could be excep- w
d to. The first refusal, and subsequent le
lay are complained of, butt po unworthy E
motives for either are charged or insinua- pt
d. On the whole, if I were commission- h
to explain and defend this part of the gi
message, should say with the conviction pt
'truth, that it is impossible to urge a bi
complaint in milder or more temperate ce
rms; but 1 am not so commissioned. I je
ni endeavoring to show not only that ev- ol
y.proper explanation is gien in my let- b3
r to Mr. De Rigny, of the 29th of Janua- -it

ry last, but that, in express terns, it de-
clares, that the sincerity of His Majesty's
Government, in their desire to execute the
treaty, -as not doubted. Suffek me to
draw your' Excellency's attentioA to the
passages alluded to. In discussing the na-
ture of Mr. Surrurier's engagement, I say,
"it is clear,' therefore, that more was
required than the expression of a de-
sire on the part of His Majesty's Ministers,
to execute the treaty ; adlesire, the sincerity
of which was never 'idoded, buti- which might
be unavailig, as its accomplishment'deetftdn
ed on the vote ofthe Chai.mber&"
Again, the speaking.otZl delay which
occurred in the month of December, I say,
"It is referred to, I lpresumne in order to
show that it was produced by a desire, on
the part of His Majesty's Ministers, the
better to assure the passage of the law: of
this, sir, I never had a doubt, and immedi-
ately so advised my Government, and in-
formed it, as was the fact, that I perfectly
acquiesced in the delay.' Thus it must
be evident not only that no offensive
charge of ill faith is made in the Message,
but that as is expressly stated in the first
extract,'full justice was done at Washing-
ton, to the intentions of the French Gov-
ernment. While the delay is complained
of as wrong, no improper motives are at-
tributed to 'the Government in causing it.
Again, sir, the whole tenor of that part of
my letter which relates to the execution of
the promise made by Mr. Surrurier, while
it asserts the construction put upon it by
the President to be the true one, and ap-
peals to facts and circumstances to support
that construction; yet it avoids charging
the French Government with an interna-
tional violation; attributing their delay to
an erroneous construction only; for in the
letter, (I again quote literally,) I say, I
have entered into this detail with the ob-
ject of showing that although the Minis-
ters of the King under the interpretations
which they seem to have given to.Mr.
Serrurier's promise, may have considered
themselves at liberty to defer the presen-
tation of the law until the period which
they thought would best secure its success,
yet the President interpreting that..pronise
differently, feeling that in consequence of
it he had forborne to do what might strict-
ly be called a duty, and seeing that its per-
formance had not taken place, could not
avoid stating the whole case clearly and
distinctly to Congress." Thus, Sir, the
President, in stating the acts of which he
thought his country had a right to com-
plain, does not make a single imputation
of improper motive, and to avoid all mis-
construction, he offers a voluntary decla-
ration that none such were intended.
The part of the Message which seems
to have caused the greatest sensation in
France, is that in which, after a statement
of the causes of complaint it enters into a
consideration of the measures to obtain re-
Iress, which, in similar cases, are sanction-
ioned by the laws of nations. The com-
)laint seems to be, that in a discussion of
he efficacy and convenience of each, a
preference was given to reprisals, consid-
ered as a remedial, not as a hostile mea-
ure; and this has been construed into a
nenace. If any explanations were neces-
ary on this head, they are given in the
Message itself. It is there expressly disa-
owed, and the power and high character
f France are appealed to, to show that it
ever could be induced by threats to do
vhat its sense of justice denied. If the
measure which I .have more than deni-
d, the measure to which I have more
han once alluded should be resorted to,
nd the humiliation attending a compli-
ncewith it could be endured, and if it
iere possible, under such circumstances,
) give an explanation, what more could
e- required than' is contained .in the-Mes-
'ge itself, that it was not intended as a
ienaee? If the measure to which I have
alluded should be adopted, and submitted
), what would His Majesty's Government
require ?-The disavowal of any intent to
ifluence the Councils of France by threats?
hey have it already. It forms a part of
ie very instrument which caused the of-
nce, and I will not do tnem the injustice to
link that they could form the offensive
lea requirnig more.

The necessity of discussing the nature
f the remedies for the non-execution of
he treaty, the character and spirit in
vhich it was done, are explained in my
tter so often referred to, and I pray your
Ixcelle'ncy to consider the'.concluding
art of it, beginning 'with the 'quotation 1
ave last made.-But if 'tWantedd any ar-
urment toshow that no explanation' of this
art of the Message was necessary, or could
e required, I should findit in theppinion,
certainly a just one, expressed by His Ma-
sty's Ministers, that.the recommendation
f the President not having been adopted
y the other branches'of the Governmient,
was not a nati6bial Ect, and' cotld not be

+ ,f

'~ .r'!,

complained of as such. Nay, in the note
presented by Mr. Surrurier to the Govern-
ment at Washingtph, and the measures
which it announices, (his recall and the of-
fer of my passports) the Government of
his 1MJajesty seems to have done all that
they thought its dignity required-for they,
at the same time, declare that the law pro-
viding for the payment will be presented
but give no imitation of any previous con-
dition, and annex none to the bill which
they present. The account of dignity be-
ing thus declared by this demonstration, to
be settled, it cannot be supposed that it
will again be introduced as a set off against
an acknowledged pecuniary balance.
Before I conclude my obserVations on
this part of the subject, it will be well to
inquire in what light expectations are ta-
ken to this part of the Message--whether
as a menace generally, or to the particular
measure proposed. In the first view, eve-
ry measure that i Government having
claims on another declares it must pursue
if those'lainst are not allowed; (whatever
may be the tepms employed,) as,a mnenace.-
It is necessary ard .ipt objectionable, un-
less Tcouched in oftesive language.. It is
a fair declaration of what course the party
making it intends to pursue, and except in
cases where pretexts are wanted for a rup-
ture, have rarely been objected to, even
when avowedly the act of the nation;,not,
as in this case, a proposal made by one
.branch of its Government to another. In-
stances of this are not wanting, but need
not be here enumerated. One however
ought to be mentioned, because it is inti-
mately connected with the subject now un-
der discussion.' While the commerce of
the United Staies was suffering under the
aggressions of the two most powerfulna-
tions of the wold, the American Govern-
ment, in this sense of the word, menaced
them both. It passed a law in express
terms, declaring to them that unless they
ceased their aggressions, America would
hold no intercourse with them; -that their
ships should bd seized if they ventured in-
to American ports; that the productions of
their spil or industry should be forfeited.
Here, Was an undisguised measure, in clear
unequivocal terms, and of course, accor-
ding to"the argument against which I con-
tend, neither France nor England could
deliberate, under its pressure, without dis-
honor. Yet the Emperor of France, cer-
iaily an 'unexceptionable judge of what
the dignity of this country required, did
accept the condition, did repeal, the Berlin
'and Milan Decrees, did not make any corn-
plaints of of the act as a threat though it
,called it.an injury.
'Great. Britain too, although at that time
on no friendly terms with the U. States,
made no complaint that her pride was of-
fended-her Minister on. the spot even
made a declaration that the obnoxious or-
ders were repealed. It is true it was a
disavowal, but the. disavowal was accorm-
panied by no objections to the law as a
.threat. Should the objection be to the
nature of the remedy proposed, and that
the recommendation of reprisals 'is the of-
fensive part, it would be easy to show that
it stands on the same ground with any oth-
er remedy; that it is not hostile in its na-
ture, that it hag been resorted to by France
to procure redress from other powers, and
by them against, lier, without producing
war; but'such an argument is not necessa-
ry. This is not the case of a national mea-
sure, either of menace or action-it is a
recommendation only of one branch of
SGovernment to another; and France has
itself shewn that a proposal of this nature
could not be noticed as an offence. In the
the year 1808 the Senate of the U. States
annexed to the bill of non-intercourse'a
section which not only advised but actual-
ly authorised the President to issue letters
of marque and reprisals against both France
and Fngland, if the one did not repeal the
Berlin and Milan Decrees, and the other
did revoke the orders in Council. This
clause was not acceeded to by the Repre-
sentatives, but it was complete as the act of
the Senate; yet neither France nor Eng-
land complained of it as an indignity-both
powers had Ministers on the spot, and the
'dignity of neither seems to havebeen of-
fended. ,,

/If the view I have nowtakenoftho a.ub
ject be correct, I have succeeded in con-
veying to His Majesty's Ministers the con-
viction, I myself feel, that no right exists in
any foreign nation to ask explanations of
or even to notice, any communications be-
tween the different branches of our Gov-
ernment; that to admit it even in a, single
S.instance, would be a dan gerous precedent.
and a derogation from national dignity;
and that in tlae,present instance an expla-
nation that ought to be satisfactory has been
voluntarily given; I have then demons:ra-
ted- that ,any measure founded on such
supposed right is not only inadmissable,
but is totally unnecessary, and consequent-
ly, that His4 Majesty's Ministers may al
once declare that previous explanations
given by tlhe Ministers f theUnited States;
and subsequently approved by the Prfesi-
dent, had satisfied them on the subject of
the Message.
The motives of my 'Govern ment during
the whole controversy, have beer, misun-
tderstood or not properly appreciated, an'
the question is daily changing its charac-
ter. A negotiation entered into fbr pecu-
niary compensation to individuals, involve
ed no positive obligation on their govern.

mont to prosecute it to extremities. A so-
lemn treaty, ratified by the constitutional
,organs of the two powers, changed the
private into a public right. The Govern-
ment acquired by it a perfect right to insist
on its stipulations. All doubts as to their
justice seem now to have been removed ;
and every objection to the payment of a
debt acknowledged to be just, will be se-
verely scrutinized by the impartial world.
What character will be given to a refusal
to pay such a debt on the allegation, wheth-
er well or ill founded, of an offence to na-
tional honor, it does not become me to say.
The French nation is the last that would
ever appreciate national honor by any
number of millions it could withhold, as a
compensation for an injury offered to it.-
The United States, commercial as they
are, are the last that would settle such an
account. The proposition I allude to
would be unworthy of both, and it is sin-
cerely to be hoped that it never will be
To avoid the possibility of misapprehen-
!st-, -Lpet, that this 'communication is
made with the single view of appraising
His Majesty's Government of the conse-
quences attending the measure, which,
without such notice, they might be inclin-
ed to pursue; that although I, am not au-
thorised to what measures will be taken
by the United States, yet I speak confident-
ly of the principles they have adopted, and
have no doubt they will never be abandon-
This is the last communication I shall
have the honor t4 make. It is dictated by
a sincere desire to restore, a good intelli-
gence, which seems to be endangered by
the very means intended to consolidate it.
Whatever may bn the result, the U. States
may appeal to the world to bear witness,
that is the assertion of the rights of their
citizens, and the dignity of their Govern-
ment, they have never swerved from the
respect due to themselves and from which
they owe to the Government of France.
I pray your Excellency to receive the
assurance of high consideration with which
I have the honor to be your most obedient

{Mr. Livingston to Mr. Forsyth.]
WASHINGON, June 29th, 1835.
SIR :-After having by my note to the
Duke de Broglie, d1ited the 25th April last,
made a final effort to preserve a good un-
derstanding between. the United States and
France, by suggesting *such means of ac-
commodation as were consistent with the
honor of the one cOuntry to offer, and the
other to accept, I determined to avail my-
self of the leave to 1'eturn, which was giv-
en by your, despatci; No.-, rather-thn t
remain, as I.had desired to do, in England,
waiting the result of my last communica-
tion. Ttiis step having been approved by
the President, I need not here refer to the
reasons which induced me to take it. Hav-
ing. received my passports, left Paris on
the 25th- April. At the time of my depar-
ture, the note, of which a copy has been
transmitted to you, asking an explanation
of the terms used in Serrurier's communi-
cation to the Department, remained unan-
swered, but I have reason to believe that
the answer, when given, will be satisfacto-
The principal business with which I was
charged having thus been brought to a
close, I presume that my services can no
longer be useful to my country, and I
therefore pray that the President will be
pleased to accept my resignation of the
trust with which I have been honored. I
shall terminate it by transmitting to the
Department some papers relating to mnat-
ters of minor importance, which I soon ex-
pect to receive, and will add the explana-
tions which may yet be wanting to give a
full view of the affairs of the mission up to
the time of my leaving France.
I have the honor to be, sir, with perfect
respect, your most obedient servant,
Secretary of State.

[Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Livingston.]

Washington, 80th June, 1835.
.Eduward Livingston, Esq. Washington:
SIR :--Your letter of the 29th, inst. has
' been laid before the President, and I am
Directed to reply, that the President cannot
allow you, who have been so long and use-
Sfuilly employed in the public service, to
leave the trust last confided to you without
an expression of his regard and respect-
; the result of many years of intimate asso-
* citation in peace and war. Although dif-
fering on some points of general policy,
your singleness.of purpose, perfect integri-
ty, and devotion to your country, have
, been always known to him. In the em-
barrassing and delicate position you have
t lately occupied, your conduct, and especi-
ally your last official note in closing your
; correspondence with the French Govern-
meant, has met his entire approbation, ex-
f hibiting, as it does, with truth, the anxious
desire of the Government and the people
of the United States to maintain the most
liberal and pacific relations with the nation
Ito which you were accredited, and a sin-
cere effort to remove ill-founded impres-
sions, and to soothe the feelings of nation
al susceptibility even where they have been
7 unexpectedly excited-while, at the same

time, it discourages, witi a proper firmness,
any expectation |that tie American Gov-
ernment can ever be thought to allow an
interference inconsister: with the spirit of
its institutions, or ma e concessions in-
compatible with its self-respect. The
President is persuadedlhat he will be sus-
tained in these opinion by the undivided
sentiment of the Ameican people, and that
you will carry into a lrtirement, which he
trusts may be temporary, the consciousness
not only of having performed your duty,
but of having realizecjthe anticipations of
your fellow citizens, *id secured for your-
self and country thejtust appreciation of
the world.
I am, sir, vet respectfully,
your bedient servant,
(Signed) Jy)HN FORSYTH.

[For thebourier.]
MR. EDITOR.--Shi:-Herewith I send
you.a commuricatida from Capt. Wight-
man the head/Pilot at the mouth of our
River, stating/some facts 'relating to the
Bar, tthe publishin2i of wlich, I have no.,
doubt, will be oI'f considerable service to
vessels bound io t4is port.
For the gratifi&tion of merchants, un-
derwriters, aid ilariners, I would inform
them that the piloage is now better attend-
ed to, and is in better hands than it has
been for maiy ye rs.
Capt. Wifitmal and Capt. Kimmy are
both good seamenh and persevering men ;
they have both ailed vessels from this
port for mnay yeaws, and were considered
good Pilots before their appointment; but
since that lime theT have taken great trou-
ble to obtain eveiy information possible
concerning the state of the Bar, and they
are doubtless now complete masters of
their business.
We have the assurance that vessels, ar-
riving off the Bar, will not now be obliged
to lay offand on tr days, showing a sig-
nal for a Pilot, and even then be obliged to
send in for one, ashas been frequently the
case within two yiars. W., R.
DEAR SIR :-Tle Bar of St. Johns Riv-
er at this time is atthe Northeastpart of the
entrance, and affodls from 12 to 15 feet at
high water, as thestate of the tide may be,
whether spring orneap tides.
Vessels bound ino the St. Johns River
wishing a Pilot, 84ould keep the Light-
House bearing front S.S. W. to W. S. W.,
and run into 4, 5or 6 fathoms water, as
the weather may le; in running in for the
Light-House in the night, bring it to bear
as above, and anchor in 6 or 7 fathoms, if
moderate and smooth.
Masters of vessel may always know that
their signal for a Plot is seen by the Pilots
01 shoe b' ifbtL beit b .qwerodby a signal
on the top of the Lght-House.
The Pilots pledge themselves to give
prompt attention o all vessels coming to
this Bar and RiveL
Branch Pilot.
St. Johns Bar, uly 1835.

LATE FROM EOGLAND.-By the packet
ship Caledonia, (.ptain Graham, we have
London papers tr une 15th, and Liverpool
to June 16th.
The news froi Paris is two days later
than before receded.
Upon the quqtion whether the Ameri-
can Indemnity 11 had passed the Cham-
ber of Peers, thpLondon papers contradict
each other. Th Times says, the bill un-
derwent a very ing discussion, and it was
finally resolved at the articles should be
considered at tP sitting of the following'
day. The Mo ing Herald says:-" The
domestic news iven by the Paris papers
is highly interesting. The Chamber of
Peers passed e American Indemnity
Treaty Bill on riday last, by a large ma-
jority, (125 against 22,) in the shape in
which it had een brought up from the
Chamber of Duties; thus defeating all
the-speculation that the clause introduced
into it in the later mentioned Chamber, on
motion of G eral.Valaze, and which it
was thought uld give offence to Ameri-
ca, would be o itted." It is of very little
consequence iich is right as the bill will

unquestionably pass by a large majority in
the shape it ct e from the Deputies. The
Chamqer of .eers appears, to have been
occupied witl finishing off the State trials
on the 13th. 'he Indemnity Bill had not
been taken uptt 3 o'clock when the Cham-
ber took a redss.-[New York Mercury.

MEXICo.--4 an arrival at New Orleans,
dates from XAra Cruz to the 12th, have
been received An entire change has ta-
ken place in p M1excan Government. It
is no longer a republican Government. It
is a limited M Warchy, with Santa Anna at
its head, and e Catholic is the established
religion.- [N Star.

KEY WES{-The following was sent
by the Post MOter at Indian Key. It was
picked up on ne 20th May, about 8 miles
north of New (iver, on the beach.
Ship John Sergeants of Philadelphia,
Christopher an Dyck, master, from New
Orleans bouri to Philadelphia, sailed on
the 11th Ma,1835, eight days at sea, lati-
tude 25 20 firth, off Key Largo, all well,
whoever pic. up this bottle, is earnestly
requested te state publicly the time and
place that fufher proof may be had of the
course and city of the gulf stream.

The Courier.


After a protracted delay, we. present our
friends with the 29thl No. of the Courier--
and glad we are to do it. There are not
many important items of news to gather up
and insert. There iq, however, one event
which we record in sorrow for the country-,
Constitution of our Country is the hope of
Freemen-their guard-their protection.-
Let the American citizen visit any clime, he
looks back to it as his glory and pride.-
Judge Marshall has been its ablest expound-
er. Ask any irell read lawyer, what are his
feelings, in a professional point of view, and
he will regret that Providence could not con-
tinue his career of usefulness. He has gone
to his grave full of earthly regrets-with the
regrets of the whole Icountry-and the uni-
versal response will be-" He is a great loss
to the United Stats."
'Tis said that tiere are bright spots some-
times visible in tie heavens amid the dark-
ness of the thunder storm and tempest. There
is one man on the Bench of the Supreme
Court of the United States, who would do
honor to any country as a jurist-who has
earned his laurels by hard study-by indus-
trious devotion to his duties-and by con-
tinued able expositions of the laws. This is
the man whom we would rejoice to see the
successor of the best lawyer we have ever had.

AN ALLIGATOR, .which measured a little
less than twelve feet in length, was killed
near this place a few days since. This is no
great story. Larger ones are frequently
taken. Alligators in Florida are as common
as pennies in New England.
The method of raising their young is much
the same as that of the land turtles, only that
the soil in which they deposit their eggs,
and their manner of securing them, necessa-
rily varies.. The spot, selected is in the
neighborhood of a morass or hammock, on
the margin of water, and if the ground is low,
or very wet, a mound or pile is formed, suffi-
ciently high to protect them from the tides.
Precautions are taken to afford the necessary
heat-and warm earth, and every substance
which will contribute to that object, are heap-
ed up together. A hale is opened in the cen-
tre, in whiqh the eggs are deposited, and the
nest is constantly covered. Their eggs are
oblong, about three and a quarter inches in
length, differing materially from a hen's egg.
By the politeness of a friend, we were re-
cently furnished with some for examination.
They were twenty-one in number. Those
which were the oldest, and which appeared
to have undergone the longest incubation, (if
we may use the expression) appeared to have
a kind of band, which embraced two thirds
of the length-while the two extremes had a
resemblance to a transparency, although such
was not the case. We examined several of
them. One was so advanced as to exhibit
signs of life-completely formed-the sub-
stance indicating a kind of pulsation or beat-
ing of the vital parts. We could not, of
course, ascertain how long the different eggs
had been deposited.
The river contains many of these animals.
We believe we will call them animals. They
are not fish-or fowl. But they are rascally
looking fellows-and dislike the sight of a
rifle, as a person with a broken limb dreads a
surgeon's knife. They are difficult to kill.
The skin or scale is impenetrable. The best
place to touch them is in or near the, eye.
The skin may be tanned, and the body yields
good oil-and is much used for that purpose.
Under the jaws are two little bags of musk--
and two others beneath the hind legs. Now
all this is an Alligator story. Some will say,
"who cares about an Alligator." I'm sure
we don't-but they are singular in their

structure, and unknown in their character to
persons at a distance.-In this section, they
are considered harmless, but are, without ex-
ception, the worst looking" articles our
eyes ever beheld. A

BREACH OF PROMISE.-An action for breach
of promise, was recently tried in New York,
the plaintiff being a res able mechanic,
and the defendant the hu nd of the lady
who had engaged to marry the plaintiff.-
The verdict, in favor ofthe plaintiff, was one
thousand dollars damages:i
"Love is the lightest." When a female
so far trifles with her own heart, and the af-
fections of her lover, as to marry another,
and oblige the husband of her subsequent
choice to pay a large amount of money, she
cannot but consider promises a iAatter of mer-
chandize, and the world wil believe that
such articles are unfit for any'market.


Very respectfully,
Your' ~bedientj rvant,
To Col. William J. Mills,
and others of the ComniAttee.
DROWNING.-A man (saws the Darien Tel-
egraph of the 14th ult.) nemed George War-
ren, of Denmark/Maine, whq had been work-
ing for some time at Fburnoy's Mills, was
drowned while in the iet of going on board
the Schr. Delaware, ja ourfriver, the week
before last. An inquest was held on the bo-
dy, and a verdict returned of '-Accidental

Charles Dougherty, Esq. is nominated by
the Union party a candidate for Governor of
Georgia,-and William Schley by the Ad-
ministration party, for the pame office.

We will thatk the Editors of the National
Intelligence, to forward their papers to us
via Charleston, S. C. and thus facilitate their
passage. *'
Gen. Williaiit H. Harfisonileclines being
a candidate foi Vice-Prejident of the United
States, on any ticket.

In the absence of news ~Piho/,e our readers
must content themselves *ith what we gath
er from abroad. We hav pnot been able to
hear of a duel-a suddad e th-a melancho-
ly. occurrence-an el e it-a shipwreck
-a liberal donation or a Ngtit with the In-
dians. Affairs are assuming the appearance
of calmness, and our section of country can-
not even boast of a prevailhg epidemic.-
The monotony of dullness is sometimes bro-
ken by a thunder storm, butven when that
is over, we are compelled dread old news-
papers to drive away ennui. These periodi-
cal publications are of great Pse. The law-
yer drops the Statute Book the merchant
his Leger-the physician his nestle and mor-
tar, and all join in the perusalbfthe Courier,
or some other such very interest sheet. Veri-
ly a newspaper is better than ne would at
first suppose. Its reading keep one at h(ie.
The fine buck leaps through the1 forest in se-
curity, because the sportsman i4 engaged in
reading a paper. The debtor fogets his ob-
ligations-the merciant his poor debts-th.e-
doctor his mistakes in practice-the belle her
gay coquetry-the mother her ar~ s-the far-
mer the loss of his crops, and the 11 realize
a panacea for sorrow, anxiety, d appointed
loves and hopes, and during a little time they
enjoy a respite. *
The enjoyments of a Summer at the South
in the latitude of 300, cannot be e pected to
be very variegated. Thebreezes e invigo-
rating and refreshing. As North rners, we
can safely say, that the month of July has
been as comfortable as cool, and .is pleasant
as we ever experienced in New Eigland.
SThe transparent clearness of th air expe-
rienced dn the river at midnight, it without
a parallel in any section; and the stng of the
oarsmen echoes in splendid tones t lugh the
overhanging bluffs, which seem to ch th.
sounds of music and fold them in their 9 ,St
of beauty. .
As to business, it may well be xecle
be, (as it is,) comparatively languid .
'articles of provision cannot be pres
Population,is more thin, and less is re
in market. The planter or hia pverseeruis .
busily engaged on the plantation. The gen- .>
tleman of fortune who passed his winter in
Florida, has joined his friends in' cooler cli-
mate, and we even now and then notice that
some knight of the quill has slipped away for
rest and recreation. It is usual for these mi-
grating friends to wing their flight on their
return to us as early asa)eoember. Although
desolation marked the'last winter, by robbing
us of our orange groves, still we do not des-
pair. Many trees abor-4us on the St. Johns,
are putting forth tblrity sprouts-some of
which are, even noq,, eight feet in height, of
the growth of this season. Fruit 'is pjenty-
and in short th6 people do rival their
more frigid brethren in some little luxuries,
which their money or their gardens cannot
afford them.

At a meeting on the 6th ult. of the Gener-
al Committee of Arrangements fbr the cele-
bration of the th of July,
Voted-Thet the thanks of the Committee
be tendered to the Hon. John I. Doggett,for
the elegant 1nd eloquent Oration delivered
by him on/the 4th inst. and they most re-
spectfully request a copy for publication.
for tie Committee.
Jacksonville, July 9, 1835.
To Col. WILLIAM J. MIILS, anid others of
the Committee.
Gentlemen-In reply to your request.
of a copy of my Oration delivered on the 4th,
I can only say, that at the very short notice
of three days, I could not myself, anticipate
any thing worthy of publication; but the
same spirit that induced me to accept your
appointment, forces me to put at your dispo-
sal the production, with all its jmeafections.

DUEL.--A duel took place on Saturday
afternoon last, between wo individuals of
this place, on the Illindis shore, immedi-
.ately opposite our city,i which, as faithful
chroniclers of passing events, it becomes
our lamentable duty tc notice. The pre-
liminary arrangement being made, the
parties took their posit fns at about, fifteen
paces: at the word fi, both pistols were,
discharged simultane usly, when one of
the parties fell, as wal supposed, mortally
wounded in the brea His antagonist cast
but a glance upon hisapparently dying foe,
who groaned like thuider-when he threw
his pistol down wit! an awful. crash!-
streaked it like light ing for the ferry boat!
and, in the haste an4 terror of his flight, it
is said, tore his troiser-loons as if heaven
and earth were coring together !-having,
no doubt,- a full reliance in the truth of that
amiable couplet of, udibras-
He who figttsand runs away,'
,Iay live to ilghtanotherday."
The pistols (unk own to the hying indi-
vidual) had -been loaded by the seconds
with cork balls; and, so soon as the sponge,
saturated with a red liqdu, adroitly con-
cealed ik. thefbas otih falen man, and
intended to reprsentuthe ow of blood,
had ceased to yield a further supply, he
rose from the gory earth, and followed the
uneven tenor of his antagonist's way to the
*city.-[St. 'Louis Bulletin, June 29.

A fatal iecontre took place, as we learn
from the Norfolk Beacon, at Chuckatuck,
Virginia, o Tuesday, between William C.
Cowper and Samuel Whitefield, Jr. Pis-
tol shots Ivere exchanged, one of which,
passing through Cowperis abdomen, prov-
ed fatal ; when Josiah C. Parker fired at
Whitefiel. and killed him on the spot, and
also a ne ro whom the ball struck.

We find in the New Orleans papers, an
iiiit Of a duel recently fought in tria
umstances of which strike us
t ping as clear a case of murder a,
moight before a jury. The par-
flr. Dunn, clerk to a merchan
e 7" turn, andl M'cMahon, clerk o
e %w Orleans Courts.
[NY. Sunday Morning News.

'id !r. .R.' ackley of New York, ha
fionow'jt diking 11t in operation in the har
hoior of-,K W t, and will soon apply it t
the Florida ree\ where, from the number
ous vre.ckAwliic\ annually take place there
and the., tri'nspai\ncy of the coral bottom
he will find an ext isive field for operating
and which 4onbtl s will bring him a ric
The Post-Master general has determine
ed "that thiee piece paper, constitution
thie face oftfh sal, a ted to a legal instru
ment or other- docut nt sent by mail,
not considered chargeg ble with postage
under fbe law,"
At A recent celebration n Kentucky, on
-of the party wishing to b particularly pE
triotic i his cups, gave aa toast, inten
ed for tlme motto of the St -"United w
:stand p ovided w fall."
CUR OUS FACT.-We u erstand th
when t e Sir Walter Scott as struck b
lightni g off Charleston, the ectric flu
struck own a poor little pig tat the co(
was f ding, leaving coffee unarmed.

Fo teen thousand, six hundr and se
enty- 'ur emigrants landed in Jew Yo
duri the first six months of this Sar.

:[j Several Communications wI ch
have received during the last two thr
wee s, are unavoidably omitted in th nu
ber, nd will be attended to as soon as p iib
*":, "[ MARRIAGES. \












"t Mandarin, on Thursday evening, (,Oth
Ji y,). by the Rev. Mr, McWher, Mr. Jmhn
H milton, to Miss Margaret, daughter 'pf
Ienry Hartley, Esq.


/ At St. Marys, on the 25th ulti Capt. Rich-
.ard A. Hill, aged 34' years, fatmerly com-
Smander of the steam packet Florida.

Per Steamer Florida from Savy nah, Mrs.
A. King, Mrs. E. Champion, Mr.r Murphy,
Messro, D. S. Griswold, E. Rbge, and A.
S. Miller.
Per chooner Saluda for Chesape ke Bay;
Capt, p. Buddington and lady, T. Brown,
Esq. lidy and four children, and 17 s ve pas-
senge s.




"' Mary;
\ Chesa
ber, 11
York i

k1VED-,Jul, 25.-Schr Ariel, H ne,e
It. A ugustine. V
.. Saluda, Perry, from Charleston. 1
ust lst.-Steamer Florida, Hubb d,
savannah. ,
3ARED-July 26.-Schr. George'
Willey, f&r Boston. \
ust 1.-cphr. Ariel, Helme, for .
tine. .
-schr Sajuda, Perry, for Chestertown\
oeak bay. with 20,000 ft Southern tim-
,000 shingles, and a lot of furniture.
-Steamer Florida, Hubbard, for Sa-
\ : '
brig Iko, Weston, cleared, at New
for this port on the 21st ult. and is
expected. .

ON ROUTE NO. 2471.
Leave St. Marys every Wednesday, at2 P. M.
Arrive at Pablo every Thursday, by 7 P. M.
Leave Pablo every Friday, at 6 A. M.
Arrive at St. Augustine same day, by 6 P. M.
Leave St. Augustine every Monday at 5 A. M.
Arrive at Pablo same day by 6 P. M.
Leave Pablo every Tuesday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive at St. Marys next day by 11 A. M.
Leave St Marys every Saturday, at 2 P. M.
Arrive at Jacksonville next day by 6 P. M.
Leave Jacksonville every Monday,at 5 A.M.
Arrive at St. Augustine same day by 6 P. M.
Leave St. Augustine every Thursday, at 5
Arrive at Jacksonville same day by 6 P. M.
Leave Jacksonville every Friday, it 5 A. M.
Arrive At St Marys next day by 1 P. M.
Leave Pablo every Friday, at 5 A. M.
Arrive at Jacksonville same day ty 12 M.
Leave Jacksonville same day, at I P. M..
Arrive at Pablo same day by 7 P. M.
Jacksonville July 31st. 1835.

R 1EMAINING in the Post Office at Jack-
sonville, Duval County, on the 30th
June 1835-and if not taken out in three
months, they will be sent to the General Post
Office as Dead Letters.
James Arnow Jamqs Z. Matta'r,
Magdalean Arnow, Margaret Mattair,
Edward S. Aldrich. Arthir McClusky,
B Thomnas McIntyre,
Dr.Egbut S. Barrows, William McWhir, 2
William H. Burritt, 4 Mr. Mott.
W. J. Burritt, N
John P. Brown, William G. Newell,
Elijah Blitch, William Norton,
John F. Brown, Alen Y. Nicholl.
Samuel Blair. Om 0
E Russell Ormand
Stephen J. Eubank. W S. Olmsted, 4
F' P
Cornelia C. Fitzpat- James Piles,
rick, George Pindarvis,
J. B. Fisher. Mary Price,
G Henry Pagett.
Maria Greenleaf, r
Alexander Graham. Thomas Ridgley 2
Isaiah D. Hart. 5 M. E. Saunders,
J Lucy Shearmon,
Robert Jones, S. Streeter,
Thomas J. Jones, April Suarez.
Elizabeth Jinkins. V
K Thomas Vermilya.
John Kimmey.' W
L Andrew Welch,
Bourbon L. Lowther. George Wakeman.


RANAWAY from the subscri-
ber, about two months since,
his two negro fellows, George
and. John. George, a South
Carolinian born, is about 40
years old, of the middle size,
r--= s well built, he stammers so
-, much that at times it is, diffi-
cult to understand what he says.
John, an African born, is about 28 years
old, middle size, stout, fat, and of a very black
complexion. Both jobbing carpenters. Those
two negroes are probably lurking in the
neighborhood ofWhitesville, on Black Creek,
Duval County, E. F., where they have their
wives. George at Mr. S. Y. Garey's and John
at-Mr. Brown's.
The above reward will be paid by Mr.
Francis Gue, Merchant in St. Augustine-
thirty dollars on the delivery in the jail of
said city of each of said negroes; besides the
reasonable expenses incurred to bring them
there, or on the delivery to the person sent
to receive them at any place where they may
be secured with the proper information giv-
en, to that effect to the said Francis Gue.
St. Augustine, July 1st, 1835. 2w29

Jacksonville, August 3d, 1835. )
A LL persons having any deeds or other
instruments of writing to be recorded,
will please leave the money for recording the
same also-otherwise the deeds or other in-
struments will not be placed upon record until
the fees is paid.
\ Persons having papers of any kind already
recorded, will please call and pay for them,
ag the work is done, and I want my pay,
Jacksonville, Aug. 3. 29tf

..ltWrney-~nd Counseloer at Law. .-
TH AS opened an office in Jacksonville, for
the practice of the Law, in the several
Courts of Duval and of the adjoining coun-
He pledges himself, that all business en-
trusted to his care, shall receive prompt and
diligent attention.
Jacksonville, July 15, 1835. 29tf

cently occupied by E. A. Co-
iHEN, Esq. will be rented on fair
terms. It is a good stand for business, and
possession can be hadimmediately.
Apply to C. READ, near the premises.
Malarin, August 3, 1835. 29tf

ALL persons having demands against the
Estate of Mrs. CLEMANTINE GAU-
TIER, dec. will present them properly attest-'
Aed, and all persons indebted to said Estate,
'will make immediate .payment to
.' W. B. ROSS.
\Jacksonville, July 25, 1835. 29tf


the r




R. HENRY HAR'TY announces him-
self as a CandidatO to represent the
inty of Duval, in tile next Legislative
uncil for this TerritorT.
Mandarin, June 20.

TNDERSTANDING' that reports are in
U circulation, that iny appointment as,
Light-house Keeper wilt interfere with my
duties as representative oof tre County, jf
elected, and that I should not (probably) get
the necessary leave of alsence to attend to
Legislative duties,-- .beg o iay to my old
friends, for whose past and present confi-
dence in me, I entertain the most profound
consideration, that if again elected, I will
serve them; and every thing m my power
shall be done for their wdfare, If for the
purpose of attending the Legislative Coun-
cil leave cannot be obtained from the proper
authority to be absent, (which I do not antici-
pate) I will resign my appointment as Light-
house Keeper.
Your fellow ctiwen,

T'HE subscriber havhg been appointed
. Administrator on tle Estate of ELISHA
WHIDDEN, deceased,-hereby requests all
persons who are indebtd to said Estate, to
make immediate paymjnt-and all persons
who have any claims oi the Estate, are re-
quested to present then for settlement.
Jacksonville, July 2. 3w27 '

ALL persons are cautioned against taking
a Note of hand, dawn in favor of Isaiah
D. Hart, for one hundred and five dollars,
payable thirty days afar date, bearing date
October eighteenth, oie thousand eight hun-
dred and thirty-four, aid signed by Elijah R.
Tucker and Thomas Suarez, as I intend
never to pay said Noti.
Jacksonville, July -, 1835. 2w27


%VTELL, now MrThomma, we'll try it-
W T the longest stik nocks down the sim
ions. I. D. HART.
Jacksonville, Aug 6, 1835. 29tf

20,000ooo L, F LARACK .MOSS
T HE Subscriber will purchase the above
quantity of Blek Moss, if delivered in
Savannah previousto 1st October, in large
or small quantities.'

Savannah, June 7.


T WILL hold a lagistrates Court at the
Court-house inm acksonville, on the Sec-
ond Saturday in eac month, at 10 o'clock, A.
M. In my absence( any business left with
0. M. Dorman Esc will be punctually at-
tended to. S. STREETER,
Justice of the Peace.
June 17. 25

N, a small family good Wench, who un-
derstands cooking. For such an one, the
highest wages willbe given, if application
is made immediatfer. n .
ii T- u*_ i re -L L1IJ

July 2.

inquire at is onUce.

VTWELVE Dolrs a month will be paid,
J nionthly, for fie or six good Field Hands,
and Fifteen Dollal for Good Ploughmen.
May 14. 2w20

SIX Weeks aftethis date, application will
be made by tli subscriber, to the Hon-
orable the Judge qthe County Court of Du-
val County, for leers of administration on
the goods, chattel, rights and credits ol
HORATIO 'LOW, ,nr. deceased, of Nassau
May 23,1835. 6w22


TWO FowlingPieces-a lot of harness
suitable for :eavy work-four kegs of
Dupont's best rift powder-one flat bottom-
ed boat, with thioars. The above articles
will be sold veryiheap for cash. Apply to
or at this Office.
April 30. 18tf

No. 1, Wall-atet, New York.

B LANKS o'all descriptions Printed, at
at this Offic, at short notice.
[IJ'Also, Job ork in a handsome style,
and on reasonate terms.
%* Justice .bnks-Deeds-Bills of La-
ding-Manifest &c. constantly for sale at
this office. j

E are authorised to announce the name
of COL. JOHN WdRREN, as a Can-
te to represent the County of Duval, in
next Legislative Coticil for this Terri-
SMay 21.

S hereby given, that the Books for reeeiv-
ing subscriptions to the capital stock of the
TRUST COMPANY," will be opened at the
office of Thomas Douglas, Esq. in th- City
of St. Augustine, on the second day of No-
vember next, at 10 o'clock, A. M. and will
be kept open from time to time by adjourn-
ment, until the whole of the stock shall be
subscribed; not exceeding thirty days.
June 2d, 1835. 23

Y An act passed by the Legislative Coun-
cil of this Territory, at fits last session
and approved by the Governor, Feb. 14th,
1835, the Subscribers were appointed Com-
missioners to open Books and receive sub-
scription for the stock of a Bank to be loca-
ted in this Town, to be called THE BANK
In pursuance of which the Subscribers
hereby give notice, that the Books for Sub-
scription for the stock in said Bank, will be
opened in this Town, at the Counting-Room
of Messrs. Blanchard & Rider, corner of
Bay and Liberty streets,, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
on the fourth day of May next.
Jacksonville, E. F. April 2d, 1835.

$5000 REWARD.
W-HEREAS, the Vault of the Bank of
Darien, in this city, has been forced
open and robbed, the above reward of FIVE
THOUSAND DOLLARS will be paid for proof to
conviction of the Rabber and recovery of the
amount. The public are hereby cautioned
against receiving any of the Bills of this
Branch, and of tue Mother Bank, in which is
the principal amount lost. Holders of Bills
will please 'present them without delay-
such as they have, as the old emission will be
called in. The amount missing consists of:-
Bills payable at Principal Bank :
In $100 bills, $15,000
do 50 17,000
do 20 20,000
do 1, 2, 3, 5 and $10 bills, 14,000
Bills payable at Savannah Branch,
mostly 10's and 20's 17,600
payable at Milledgeville, 1,422
Phoenix bank, N. York,
in $100 bills, 15,000
various 255
Marine and Fire Insurance Bank, 113
Planters' Bank, Savannah, 5,175
State Bank, 1,120
Specie,-Half Eagles, 1,000
Quarter 5,000
Mexican Dollars, 1,000
Silver Change, 300
A liberal reward for any portion.
Apply to RALPH KING,
President of the Branch Bank of Darien.
Savannah, June 7, 1835.

T",WO Copper Stills, nearly new; one con-
.1 training two hundred gallons, with a
heater of the same capacity; the other con-
taining fifty gallons, which will be disposed
of at terms advantageous to the purchaser.
For further particulars inquire of 0. BUD-
INGTON, Esq. Whitesville, or at this office.
Jacksonville, May 6. 19 .



THE undersigned Commissioners give no-
I tice, that pursuant to the Act entitled
" An Act to amend an Act to incorporate the
ROAD.COMPANY," approved February 15,1835,
that the Books will be again opened at Jack-
sonville, at the store of I. D. Hart, Bay-street,
on the 4th day of May, and continue open
until the 1st day of August next,. to receive
subscriptions for stock to carry said Rail Road'
into execution.
By the 8th Section of this amendatory Act,
the subscribers for stock heretofore taken,
have a prior right to subscribe for the same
amount of Stock on the New Books.
Jacksonville, March 31, 1835. 14

THE Subscribers keep constantly on hand,
and offer for sale, on as good terms as
they can be had at any store in Florida, -the
following articles, viz:
Broadcloths, Cassimeres, Sattinetts, and
Negro Cloths, green, red, and white Flannel,
bleached, brown, check, stripe, and plaid
Homespuns, Calicoes, Cambrics, Muslins,
Silks, Gloves, Hoisery, &c. &e.
Cooking, parlor, and box Stoves, Brass and
common -Fire Setts, Lamps, and Candle
Sticks, Percussion Caps, Guns, broad and
narrow Axes, Adzes, Hatchets, Hammers,
Augers, Shovels, Door-latches, Butts and
Screws, &c. &c.

Sofas, and Couches, work, card, toilet and
dining Tables, Washstands, Looking Glas-
ses, Bedsteads, &c. &.
Coffee, Tea, loaf and brown Sugar, Bottle
Cider, Champaigne, Claret, Port, and Sherry
Wines' Spices, Soap, Lamp Oil, Tobacco,
Flour, Rice, Corn, Pilot Bread, Beef and
Pork, Codfish, Mackerel, Salt, Fish, Potaioes
Butter, and Cheese, &c. &c.
Drugs, Medici'as, and Paints.-A variety
of Crockery arnd Glass Ware. Books and
Stationary, a large assortment of White,
'ra~b-aAn.Elack Hats, Caps, Boots and
Shoes-together with a variety of other ar-

A LL persons indebted to the subscribers, BLANCHARD & RIDER.
either by note or book account, are re- ,acksonville, Jan. 1, 1835.
quested to settle the same without delay B.Cash ad for Cotton, Hides,
and,no credit will be given at their store ns Tallo N. B.Cash Deer SkinsCo FCottrs, HiBeeswax
after the 1st of February. arns, Talow, Deer Skins, Firs, Beeswax,
BLANCHARD & RIDER., Moss, Orange Peel, &c.

Jacksonville, January 24th, 1835. 5tf "

T HE subscriber will hold a Justic-e's Court ALL persons are hereby notified that pur-
L at the Office of 0. M. Dormo:n, Esq. in A suant to the Act of Congress, of March
Jacksonville, on the last Saturdiay in each 2d, 1881, entitled, An act to- provide for-
month. In my absence, any business left the punishment ot offences committed in cut-a
with Mr. Dorman, will be punctually attend- ting, destroying, or removing Live Oak and'
ed to, STEPHITN EDDY, other Timber, or trees reserved for naval'
Just ce of the Peace. purposes." Positive proof will be required,
June 3. 23tf of all persons shipping such Timber,that the
same has not been cut from lands the proper-
D R. CHARLFS HOYT offers his ty of the United States, or from ,lands onr
L professional services to t&te inhabitants which the'Timber has been reserved' for na-.
of Jacksonville and of this section of Florida, val purposes. JAME DELL.
as a Surgeon and, Physician. Collector.
Jacksonville, Jan. 29, 1835. 5tf January 1, 1835. tf2




,~" ~









propose him as a Caididate to represent
County of Duval, in tie next Legislative
,ncil. June 4.

HE friends of SA1UEL EIGLES, by
his consent, announ e him as a Candi-
to represent the Coui ty of Duval, in the
t Legislative Council for the Territory of
rida. August 1.




TlHE 'Public are informed that a. line of
Covered Barouches will run between
Tallahassee and Jacksonville, to leave, this
plaoe every Monday.
[i'Forty pounds baggage will, be allowed
to each passenger, and for any greater weight,
one cent per pound will be charged for every
ten miles.
(:YFare through, each way, $25'..
Jacksonville, Jan. 14. 3tf.






THERE will be a regular conveyance for -
passengers once a wcek from St. Mary's
Geo., by Pablo to St. Augustine ; to leave St.
Mary's every Wednesday, at 2 o'clock, P. M,
and arrive at Pablo next day.
Persons, who wish to avoid a nht expo-
sure on the water, will find very Tmfortable
accommodations at Fernandina, at Mr. A.
Dias', and can leave Fernandina the next
morning and arrive at Pablo-the same day.-
They can leave Pablo every Friday morning-
at 4 o'clock, and arrive at St. Augustine at 6,
P. M. same day; leave St. Augustine every
Sunday, and arrive at Pablo same day.
Passengers wishing to tisit St. Augustine,
will be accommodated o reasonable terms.
Fare from St. Mary's by ablo to St. Augus-
tine, $5. From St. Au~stine to Pablo $3.
There is also a safe b'at which will run
once a week from Pablo Jacksonville; and
will depart and arrive so as to meet the mail
boat on its return from St. Mary's aiid the
stage as it arrives from St. Augustine. Fare
from Pablo to Jackson $g. All fare to
be paid at Pablo. W C. TAYLOR.
l7'The Mail boat will leave Pablo for St.
Mary's every Tuesday and return on Thurs-
day. The stage leave Pablo every Friday
for St. Augustine and returns on the succee-
ding Sunday. 6m3'


THE Subscriber will run a good Barouche
and good Horses from Jacksonville to,
St. Augustine, once a week; to leve this
place every Monday morning, and arrive in
St. Augustine on the evening oft he same day.
Returning-will leave St. Auguitine on
Wednesday morning, and arrive .at tih place
on the evening of the same day' -
[l:'Forty pounds baggage y, be allowed
to each passenger, and for any greater weight,
one cent per pound will be charged for every
ten miles.
[J7Fare each way $5.
Jacksonville, Feb. 2. 6tf


-Much as we talk of nature, there are pla-
ces where we feel that our previous con-
ceptibis, have been dim arid narrow. He,
who crosses the Alps, will experience this
sensation, mingled with a certainty, that
thousands of pa'jnters and poets, and, mil-
lions:of' others, live and die without even
suspecting the power of scenery over the
mind. Our journey across the Splogen
was, to us, a day memorable for ever. Our
recollections are of grande.ur-gloomny vast-
ness-awful solitude-eternal sublimity.--
There were moments, during the ascent,
of a kind strange and new to me. Who-
ever seeks something new under the sun,"
if he has dwelt on a plain, let him ascend a
veritable mountain, and he will find it. Awe,
amazement, gloom, wonder and rapture,
during which, you cannot smile, combine
to elevate you. The road winds up, and
up, and. up-a mad stream, white with
foam, thundering all day by its side-amid
slopes and cliffs, forests and vales-then a
plain and a poor hut, or a ragged town and
some beggars. You pause and rest; and
then, again, up and up--winding and turn-
ing-sometimep through tremendous ra-
vines-sometimes, by magnificent water-
falls-sometimes along giddy and yawning
gulfs-yet still, always up and up.
Then the face of the earth changes, and
the grass fades nearlyaway, and the naked,
everlasting rocks lift their gray backs thro'
the soil. The tempests of six thousand
years have beaten against them. Now the
road steals through a desert of endless
stones, broken and scattered about-now
through a long dark gallery, wet and drip-
ping-now at the brink of a tremendous
precipice, which your imagination would
receive as the summit of any mountain;
but, anon, the toiling, panting, sweating
horses drag you around ,an angle. of rock ;
and lo! above you overhang other cliffs
and other mountains in the sky; piles,
swells anypyramid 6of snow and ice; and,
so near their awful heights as to startle you,
the white line runs yet higher and higher,
and you. believe-not that it is your path still
so far above you-and yet it is.
The earth is now totally changed, and
the temperature, arid atmosphere, and hea-
vens are-changedp You wrap your heavy
cloak around youAn the biting cold. ,Dark
clouds are rolling'gloomily over your path,
and the white snow shines beneath you,
and the winter vwnd shakes violently the
closed glasses of our carriage; and, as the
road, still mounting and bending up and
,up, turns your face now to the right-now
to the left-you tch, far below, such aw-
ful gleaming ubliume scenery-such
dim, wild depths of azure--such forms of
cold blue, lifted and' built up around you
in the eternal silengp and shrouded in the
mist and storm, that your very soul is hush-
ed -and chilled, and you feel as if death, the
king of terrors, had here fixed his home;
and, were a spectre to stand in your path,
or to lean and beckon to you from his car
of rolling mist, you would behold him with-
out starting, for your imagination can
scarcely be more excited. ,A cataract,
which, on the plain, would draw all Eu-
rope to it as a fashionable resort, is here
no curiosity. Its lonely thunder swells and
dies away in the interminable solitude.--
Twenty, times we thought ourselves at the
height of this stupendous road, and yet its
zig-zag course appeared ever mounting far
before us, up and up, till the cold grew ex-
treme, and the darkness of night overlook-
ed us; and we were completely lost and
enveloped in heavy, wet ('lquds, rolling
around us like a mighty ocean.
S[Fay's Sketches. i

bert Bruce, the restorer of the Scottish 1
monarchy, being out one day reconnoiter-
ing the enemy, lay at night in a barn be-
longing to a loyal c9ttager. In the morn-
ing still reclining his head on the pillow of
straw, he beheld a spider climbing up a
beam of the roof. The insect fell to the
ground ; but immediately made a second I
essay to ascend. This attracted the notice
Sof the hero, who with regret, saw the spi- i
der fall a second time from the same emi- t
nence. It made a third unsuccessful at- a
tempt. Nor without a mixture of concern

or curiosity, the monarch twelve times be- t
held the insect bafflpd in its aim; but the
thirteenth essay was drowned with-euccess:
it gained the summit of the barn ; when the 9
king, starting from his couch exclaimed,
"This despicable insect has tauligh me
perseverance! I will follow its example; t
have I not been twelve times defeated by I
the enemy s superior force ? on one fight [
more hangs the independence of my coun-
try." In a few days his anticipations were
fully realized, by the glorious result to Scot-
land ofthe battle of Bannockburn.'

RIVAL CANDIDATES.----Two candidates
of the name( of Adam and Low,.preached bi
probation sermons for a lectureship, which t
was in the gift of the congregation. Mr. r
Low preached in the morning, taking for
his text, "Adam, where art thou ?" and -
made a very excellent sermon, with which
the congregation appeared much edified. t]
I Mr. Adam, who was present, preached in
the evening, taking for his text the passage
immediately following, that of his rival, c
"Lo here am I." This' impromptu, and w
his sermon, gained Mr. A. the lectureship. S

A, PLE.A IN ABATEMENT.-In one of the
Quarter Session Courts of Tennessee, oni
Joe Phillips was indicted for assault ant
battery. The Solicitor called him to th<
Bar, and addressed him thus: "You ar<
indicted for a misdemeanor, and stain
charged "in these words-The Jurors fo
the State, upon their oaths, present tha
Joe Phillips, late of the county of--, or
the 10th day of August, 10--, with forci
and arms in anid upon the body of Johi
Scroggins, with malicious intent, an assault
did make, with guns, swords, pistols, an<
clubs, with malice aforethought"--" Stop
Mr. Lawyer," says Joe, "there was some
thing of it, but you're making it a dart
sight worse than it was." Well, ho,
was it Joe ?" said the Solicitor. Why
I and John met one day on the road, am
says I to John, this is a bad day for snakin
Then says he to me, not so very bad nei-
ther, for I killed one near upon a rod long
Then says I, that's a lie, for there's nanr
snake in this country half so long. Ther
carter a good many ich compliments pass-
ed 'tween us, says John to me, says he, ]
doesn't milk my neighbors' cows as some
folks do. -And then I hit him a clew with
my fist on the side of his head, and then we
set to'id-lhad real scuffle, a fair fight, then
just quit sot-and we had no gun, no sword
nor pistol, nor club ,either: so you need'n
be talking all that nonsense over to the
court, when there was no such thing-and
John says he's willing to fight agin, if I'll
let him strike first."-[Salisbury (N. C.)
being accused of cruelly beating his don-
key, was brought before a magistrate,
where he denied the charge, and declared
that he had a great respect for the poor
dumb animall" for proof the donkey was
ordered before the magistrate. The long-
eared culprit walked into the office, and
with a look of profound gravity, put his
head over the bar. Its sleek condition and
freedom from bruises soon became estab-
lished. The owner was overjoyed at his
dismissal. "My donkey," said he, is in a
slap up condition, and I take a pride in
keeping on him so: Lord lave your wor-
ship, he's never wolloped more nor vot
does him good-he's just like von o' my
family, and as fond as a baby. 1 can't see
any difference atwixt him and von of my
hown !"
FRUIT IN SEASoN.-Sir Hugh Platt re-
lates, "that Sir Francis Carew once mak-
ing a splendid entertainment for Queen
Elizabeth, at Beddington, led her majesty
after dinner to a cherry-tree in his garden,
which had on it fruit, in their prime, then
above a month after all cherries had taken
their leave of Englandi This retardation
he performed, by straining a net or canvass
cover over the whole tree, and wetting it
as the weather required, with a scoup; so
by obstructing the sunbeams, they grew
both great, and were very long before they
gained their perfect cherry colour; and
when he was assured of the time her ma-
jesty would come, he removed the tent,
and a few sunny days brought them to their
full maturity."

anciently the custom in England, for those
whom fortune had blessed with affluence,
to live constantly at their manor houses in
the country, where once a week, or often-
er, the lady of the manor distributed to her
poor neighbors, with her own hands, a
certain quantity of bread. She was hence
denominated by those who shared her
bounty, the laffdien, which in Saxon signi-
fes, the breadgiver. A gradual corruption
in the manner of pronouncing the word
has produced the modern term, lady. It is
probable from this hospitable custom arose
the practice still universally existing, ofla-
dies serving the meat at their own tables.

ER.-Friend John.--I desire thee to go to
one of those sinful men in the flesh called
an attorney, and let him take out an instru-
ment with a seal thereunto, by means
whereby we may seize the outward taber-
nacle of George Green, and bring him be-
fore the lamb-skin men at Westminister,
nd wish him to do as he would wish to

be done by. And so I rest thy friend in
he light.
A BoR-.--'I want to see some of your
gimblets,' said a greenhorn one day as he
entered a hardware store. The dealer took
lown several parcels, neither of which sui-
ed. Well then, what kind do you want;
here is almost every variety.' 'Why darn it,
want to git one of them are sort what
bores square holes.'

STEALING.-In Missouri they have no
arnips. They frequently plant them, but
Ley strike so deep, that the pilfering rogues
who live on the other side ofthe' globe, lay
bold of the roots and pull them through, so
hat the labor and crop is lost to the right-
ul owners.
Choosing a wife is like dipping the hand
rnto a bag containing ninety-nine snakes
nd one eel. Ninety-nine to one you catch
he eel.
I~onesty is a man's best robe;'*b his choi-
es apparel; nany people, as if fearful of
hearing it out, lay it careful by, like their
%uxW lay-coat.

T HE Subscriber lias on hand, and offers
for sale, on reasonable terms, the follow-
ing articles, viz-
Broadcloths, Salfinetts, Negro Cloths,
white and yellow Flannels, bleached and
brown Check, stripe and plaid Homespuns,
Calicoes, Silks, Gl.ves, Linens, Imported
Ginghams, Cambrics, Silk Hdk'fs. Bomba-
zettes, Oznaburgs, Birlaps, &c.
Lamps, Candlesticks, Guns, Axes, Adzes,
patent Augurs, Door Bolts, Knob Latches,
Butts, Screws, BrassiKnobs, Hoes, Sad Irons,
Pad-Till-Chest-'Trunk-Gun Closet-
Brass port pad-Knob and Mortice Locks,
Knob Latches, Powder Flasks, Pocket Steel-
yards, Bed Keys and Screws, Chest Hinges,
Cork Screws, Hyand and cross cut Saws,
Knives and Forks, Brittania-Plated Table
and Tea Spoons, Iron Squares, Pocket Com-
passes, Drawing Knives, Braces, Socket
Chisels, &c. .
Coffee, Tea Lo4f and Brown Sugars,
Champaigne, n Vaaderia Claret- Port and
Malaga Wine, Spiaes, N. E. Rum, Ameri-
can Gin, Holland Gin, Brandy, Soap, Tabac-
co, Flour, Corn, Rices Pilot Bread, Butter
Crackers, Beef, Pork, Codfish, Mackerel,
Butter, Lard, Cheese, Figs, Almonds, Rai-
sons, Apples Hmuns, Bologna Sausages,
-Onions, &c. &c.
Drugs and Medicines, Paints, Crockery
and Glass Ware, Powder and Shot, Shoes,
Boots, and a great variety of articles to nu-
merous to mention.
N. B.-CAsu pai( for Cotton, Hides, Deer
Skins, Tallow, Furn, Beeswax, Moss, Deer
Horns, &c. H. H. P.
Jacksonville, Jan.15, 1835. 3tf

T[HE Subscriber las for sale the following
articles of merdiandise.
Superior quality Ilankets from $4 50 to
$5 50 per pair.
A good quality Negro cloth 371-2 c. pr yd.
Irish Linen from 5 c to $1.00.
Best plaid Homespns 7 yds. for $1.00,
3-4 Homespuns urileached 10c per yard,
Superior fancy strikes 18 3-4c.
Silk h'dkfs from 50t to $1 50,
4-4 unbleached Shrting 13c per yard by
the piece, or 6 y'ds fo one dollar by retail,
Shirting bleached fom 13c to 25c pr yd,
Fancy dress and furniture calicoes from
13c to 25c per yard bythe piece,
Sattinetts from 8712c to. $1 25 superfine,
Superfine cloth $45) per yard, '
-White and red flainels from 371-2c to
62 1-2c per yard,
Bed tickings from 163-4c to 25c per yard,
Musquito netting, god quality $125 pr ps.
A good assortment of fancybelt ribbands-
shirt buttons-silk-sewing silk-ball and
spool thread-writing }aper-superior do.-
ladies white hoser-hqr# and-wood combs--
silk and cotton umbtellas-and *a good as-
sornment of
]7'The above articles are of the best quali-
ty, and will be sold fora small advance, for
cash or produce.
Jacksonville, Jan. 2. 4tf

TAMES H. COOK), No. 100, Broadway,
New York, offers fr sale every kind and
Quality of Sofas-Sid oards-Secretaries-
ook Cases-Tables of all descriptions-
Chairs of every qujity-High post and
French Bedsteads of iVahogany and Maple-
Hair and Moss Mattrsses-Feather Beds-
Looking Glasses-Capets-and a full as-
sortment of every thin necessary to furnish
a house.
April 7. 3w15

A GREAT BARGAIN is offered, in the
sale of a New Sigar Mill, from West
Point Foundry; diameer of Centre Roller,
two feet two and a hal inches, and two outer
ones, one foot ten an one-fourth inches-
with Iron cogs, points &c, as also a set of
Kettles from the notedFoundry in Scotland,
known by name of the arran Foundry, war-
ranted and proof, as mdleable Iron. The ca-
pacity of the grand K ttle is three hundred
,gallons, and proporticied, or graduated to
sixty gallons, being four to the set; all of
which, with Coolers, Tats, and a Cistern to
contain thirty hogsheads of Syrup, will be
disposed of, if applied "or shortly, for at least
twenty-five per cent bdow cost.
A line directed to E. B. COX, on Sidon
Plantation, McIntosh "County, Georgia, (as
Manager,) will be attended to.
March 12. 4w11

Tallahassee, Maih 8th, 1835.
B"Y an act passed 21't November, 182
B y is provided that dl Bonds execute
Auctioneers, shall ble forwarded by the Ji
of the County Court tc he Treasurer of
Territory of Florida; ard that all Auctior
shall quarterly in each iear commencing
the 1st of January, traranit to the Treas
under oath, taken before some Judge, ac
of all sale effected by hin, with the am
and at what time and lace, and for w
the same was made. tow, all Auction
are required to take not e of said law,
conform to it, or suits u,#n their Bonds
be instituted. Judges 4, the County Co
are requested without jlelay, to forw
properly certified and arroved, the Bon
Auctioneers in their poaesssion..
Treasurer of the Thrritory of Elori


9, it
d by
g on
ds of


ALL persons indebted to the subscriber,
either by Note or Book account, are re.
quested to settle the same without delay; and
no credit will be given at my store after the
10th March. HARDY H. PHILIPS.
Jacksonville, March 3. 10tf
C ASH will be paid for One Hundred Or-
ange Sticks, of various sizes, on delive-
ry at this office, immediately. March 5.

Of useful and Entertaining Knowledge, to be il-
lustrated by numerous Engravings.
T1HE success which has attended the pub-
l location of the best Magazines from the
English Press, has led to preparations for is-
suing a periodical more particularly adapted
to the wants and taste of the American pub-
lic. While it will be the object of the pro
prietors to make the work strictly what its
title indicates, it will, nevertheless, contain
all articles of interest to its patrons, which
appear in foreign Magazines.
Extensive preparations have been entered
into, both with Artists and Authors, to fur-
nish, from all parts of the Union, drawings
and illustrations of every subject of interest,
which the publishers confidantly believe will
enable them to issue a work honorable to its
title and acceptableto the American People.
The American Magazine is ,published
monthly-each number containing betireen
forty and fifty imperial octavo pages, at Two
DOLLARS per annum, payable in advance.
It comprises--Portraits and Biographical
Sketches of distinguished Americans ; Views
of: Public BIildings, Mooinumeeifns, and im-
provements; Landscape scenery-the bound-
less variety and beauty of which, in this
country, will form an unceasing source of in-
struction' and gratification; Engravings and
descriptions of the c aracter, habits, &c. of
Birds, Beasts, Fishes, and Insects, together
with every subject connected with the Geo-
graphy, History, Natural and Artificial re-
sources of the country, illustrated in a familiar
and popular manner.
Boston Bewick Co*' pany.
.No. 47, Court Street.
-oj' Editors of Newspapers thro bout the
United States, who will publish the foregoing
Prospectus, and notice the contents of thi
Magazine from time to time, shall e entitled
to the first volume.
Any person remitting the Agent, Jiy mAl,
post paid, Ten Dollars, shall receive ki'
copies for one, year- and continued as .lig
as the money is regularly forwarded.
A liberal price,,will be paid for 'lpprqliate
and well written articles, or. draw-ings, IIus-
itrative 'of national' subjects, poQss.sisg in--
terest. Subscriptions received at thi'-il ce.
Dec. 25, 1834, I


W ILL run once a week from Savannah
to Picolata, touching at Darien, St.
Mary's, Jacksonville and Mandarin.
R. & W. KING,
Agents at Savannah.
Freight payable by shippers. All slave
passengers must be cleared at the Custom-
Conveyances for St. Augustine, in readi-
ness at Picglata.
July 1, 1W35.


THE above company take this inethod of
S informing the public that -they have
purchased two Steamboats, the MACON
and EXCEL, which boats are to run regu-
larly between Darien and Macon, leaving
Darien once every week with two tow boats.
The steamboats will draw only 26 inches of
water with two gbod engines in each. The
company have been at great expense to place
this line of steamboats in the Ocmulgee arfd
Altamaha and rivers,would respectful solicit
the patronage of the public. This line will
be a great facility for merchants who wish to
ship their goods by the way of Savannah or
Darien, to Hawkinsville and Macon or in
shipping Cotton to Savannah. Arrange-
ments have been made to forward cotton or
goods without detention between Savannah
and Darien. -,
No exertion or expense will be spared to
give the greatest despatch to goods or cotton
shipped by this line.
Agents for the above boats :
L. BALDWIN & CO. Savannah..
J." GODDARD & Co. Macon.
J. E. & B. DELENO, Charleston.
Dec. 1834. 1C

THE Subscriber offers for sale for cash, or -
prime Negroes, or good acceptances,--
the following tract of fine Live Oak ham-
mock land on St. Pablo Creek, bounded as
follows, viz:-on the West by Pablo Creek,
on the North by Winslow Foster's land, on
the East and South by lands of Cornelius
Taylor, containing two hundred- and thirty-
three acres. For particulars apply to
I. D. HART, or
Jacksonville, Jan. 22. 4tf

The Aibscriber begs leave, in conclusion,
o remark, that if he had not undertaken to%
dontinDe the publication of this Pqriodical, it,
most probably, wou4l..hav bheen either re- -
nov.d from our city, or been suspended .
WhAher it will be inhis power to continue it,
wilfdepend not only on the Pecuniary but
;heLiterary Contributions of Soa.hern Plan- .
tev. He confidently now leaves this matter
intheir hands, feeling a full ass ianee that
tere is wanting on Ihe part of o1tr Planters,,
either the liberality nor mental energies ne-
sary to sustain th Southern Ariculturist.
IF A. E.; MILLER, ,uhlisher.
Charleston, S. C. ee. 12,1834.,
Persons desirous of subsribin4 cin: apply
W. T. WILLIAMS Savanni, dr atthit .
fice. I \ 8

nice '8

Real Estate and .Mferclidize Brdker, .1Vo. 26,
Exchange-street oston, .Jass.
"T7"ILL attend to the selling. and buying
VVofReal Estate,- i every pat o the.
United States. People esirousiof e"nigrat-
ing from one part of th Unioin to other,
can always receive c*eeit ifnnidtfobn by
applying at his office. He will reiye order
for various :kinds of Merchandim delivered
at any part of the Uniop. :Gon uniicationae
addressed to hin will me- prwmpy attended
to. J .i,'i8:







ARY GAZEITE. -Volume Fourtlr.
Published every wedk, by
ISo.lC.C. PR.aY.
.The work will be Hiblished weekly, each
number containing eht large quarto pages'
-equal to sxty duod imo pages-ofn miscel-
laneous and original latter, printed on supe-
rior White paper, wit l perfectly new type. A'
handsome title page hd correct index Wilt
be furnished, and the rk at the end of the
year, will form an exc llently printed volume
of four hundred and steeri pageg,'equal tw
three thousand duode cimo pages.
The volume will corain twenty-six pieces
of music for the Piano Forte, &de, equal to
one hundred of common i sheet music, whicli
could not be purchaseI separately for less
than five dollars; and t.e publisher ig deter-
mined to procure the si nple rather than thl
complex and difficult, t
Although the' public r places no depen-
;dance whatever, in the s pport of itas a lite-
rary paper, from its engr vings, yet there will
be presentedoccasionall plates from copper
and wood ofbeautiful w kmanship dd fin-
ish. Already have app. red a bea ifully
engraved portrait of Jaime Feninmre .Cooper'r
executed on steel, and a c aste vignette title
page, engraved on copper.
Its contents will be various and spirited, as
there will be a general record of Occurren-
ces, Statistics, Obituary notes, 0&c. &c. in
addition to the Tales, Legeds Essays, Trav-
elling, Literary, Fugitive a.nd Historical
Sketches, Biography, Poetry, &q. making 'aa
elegant paper for the parlor, and for the love
of polite literature, as contributions will be
secured fromsome of the most popular Ame-
rican authors. '
The work will be printed as wAll,and con-d
tain as'tuch' reading matter as Ta y similar
quarto, paper now published in the United
States; and it can safely and truly be called
the cheapest journal of the kind. I
TERMs-Three dollars per annum, as the
paper is firmly established-to be paid in ad-
vance. Two dollars for six moriths, to be
paid in advance.
Boston, 1834. 1

T'HE, SUBSCRIBER, having g'I- 'd
The Southern Agriculturalist 0ot
Editor and proprietor, Mr, John D.`'Le",41
'solicits the support of the friend 'A r i "t-
ture, and of the interests connect ,
throughout the Southern Stgtes. sa :
published this work for Mr. legare from rit#
commencement, in the yearj.28, and' 'lis
thus practically acquainted "ith the mode-ir
which it should be conducted. Its publica-
tion will be continued on tje same terms andc
in the same manner as heetofore with such
improvements as his expdence may suggest.
As the6 subscriber is sojcitous to make this
Journal the vehicle for dsemminating useful
information, not only ,vith regard to estab-
lished systems of husbindry, but also expeti-
mental efforts in Agrbulture and .Horticfil-
ture, he invites free Wid unrestricted commu-
nicatiori from all pesons occupied in these
pursuits. Let no oge imagine that solitary
facts or isolated extriments are too trivial to
be communicated All systematic knowl-
edge is but the aggregate of humble particu-
lars; and Scien/, in every department, is.
brought to perfe ion, not through the instru-
mentality of a single extraordinary mind, but
by the contribution of particulars by many
individuals, an. generally after the lapse of
many years, h/ isdesious, therefore, to have
as many factsto record as can be furnished -
and from the planter, who is systematic in
his experimental labors, an account 'of his
failures as yell a his/successful efforts,' will
be acceptable. If th lastare worthy of being
recorded fiat they qay be imitate the first
should bqnoted in 6rder to be shu ned.
The sIbscriber h6pes that this appeal to his
fellow citizens of the South, will not be in
vain. At would bq a reproach to our Planters
to mee the fate the Southern Review. Of
the layt it may be justly said, that it as uf-
feredto fall, when it was not only re ring for
us a well merited fame as a literary people,
but t was also indicating the Southkrn hab-
its from the unjust aspersions whidh have
been so liberalfr bestowed upon us otit of our
section of country. The "Southert Agri-
culturalist" it some measure supplies -the
place of the Southern Review, so fa^ as re-
rards the circumstances last alluded to. It
erves as a register not only of nmethhds of
iusbandry'but also of facts relating tb our
system of Slavery. The subjects of thedeci-
line, the treatment, the characters of'our
slaves, are fairly suited to its pages, and
onstitute/topics as interesting and important
,s any wiich can engage either our, own at-
ention r the attention of those abroad, who
eel a Ielitimate interest in our concerns.