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!-- Jacksonville courier ( Newspaper ) --
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mods:note dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
displayLabel Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926. Ceased in 1838.
numbering peculiarities Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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mods:publisher L. Currier & Co.
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mods:dateCreated July 9, 1835
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1835
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mods:titleInfo
mods:title Jacksonville courier and Southern index
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Jacksonville (Fla.)
Newspapers
SUBJ651_2
Duval County (Fla.)
Newspapers
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Jacksonville courier
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sobekcm:Name L. Currier & Co.
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Jacksonville East Fla
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Jacksonville courier
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028424/00003
 Material Information
Title: Jacksonville courier
Uniform Title: Jacksonville courier (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 45-68 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: L. Currier & Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville East Fla
Creation Date: July 9, 1835
Publication Date: 1835-
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1835)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1838.
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended for several months in 1836. Cf. McMurtrie, D.C. Beginnings of print. in Fla.
General Note: Publishers: Lorenzo Currier, 1835-1836; Haslam & Dexter, 1836-1838; O.M. Dorman, <1838>; Weir & Richardson, 1838.
General Note: Editors: E. Williams, 1835; D. Brown, 1838.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 27 (July 2, 1835)
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002025285
oclc - 09263722
notis - AKL2850
lccn - sn 82016251
System ID: UF00028424:00003
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Jacksonville courier and Southern index

Full Text
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VOLUbfE 1. JACKSONVILLE, EAST FLORIDA, JULY 9, 1835. NUlMIBER 28.
i '


JACKSONVILLE COURIER,
PUBLISHED ONCE A WEEK BY
L. CURRIER & CO.
TERMS-$4 per year, payable half yearly
in advance.-Single papers 12 cents.
Advertisements inserted, and contracts
made for yearly advertising, on reasonable
terms.
All communications by mail may be a
dressed to E. WILLIAMS, Editor of the Cou-
rier,-postage in all cases, to be paid.
AGENTS FOP. THE CQURtER.

St. Augustine-John Gray, Esq. P. M.
NJewnansville-S. Ellis, Esq. P. M.
Spring Grove-J. Garrison, Esq. P. M.
GEORGIA.
St. Mary's-A. Doolittle, Esq. P. M.
Savannah-S. Philbrick, Esq.
Macon-Edmund Russell.

The annexed is the Magdalene's Hymn,
from the City of the Plague,' by Professor
Wilson, Editor of Blackwood's Magazine.
The-air of death breathes through our souls,
The dead all round us lie ;
By day and night the death-bell tolls,
And says, Prepare to die.'
The face that in the morning sun
We thought. so wond'rous fair,
Hath faded, ere his course was run,
Beneath its golden hair.


I see the old man in his grave
With thin locks silvery grey ;
I see the child's bright tresses wave
In the cold breath of the clay.
The loving ones we loved the best,
Like music all are gone !
And the wan moonlight bathes in rest
Their monumental stone.
But not when the death-prayer is said
The life of life departs;
The body in the grave is laid,
Its beauty in our hearts.
At holy mi-drright-voices sweet'
Like fragrance fill the room,
And happy ghosts with noiseless feet
Come bright'ning from the tomb.
We know who sends the visions bright,
From whose dear side they came !-
We vail our eyes before thy light,
We bless our Saviour's name !
This frame of dust, this feeble breath
The Plague may soon destroy;
We think on Thee and feel in death
A deep and awful joy.
Dim is the light of vanish'd years
In the glory yet to come ;
,O idle grief! 0 foolish tears'
When Jesus :calls us home.
Like children for some bauble fair
That weep themselves to rest;
We part with life-awake : and there
The jewel in our breast!
,. [From the New York Mirror.]
PENCILLINGS BY THE WAY.
First Impressions of Foreign Scenes, Customs
and Manners.
EDINBURGH.
A Scotch Breakfast-the Castle-Palace o:
Holyrood-Queen Mary-Rizzio-
Charles the tenth.
It is an odd place, Edinboro'. The old
town and the new are separated by a broad
and deep, ravine, planted with trees and
shrubbery; and across this, on a level with
the streets on either side, stretches a bridge
of a most giddy height, without which al
communication would apparently be cut
" off. "Auld Reekie" itself looks built on
the back-bone of a ridgy crag, and towers
along on the opposite side of the ravine
running upon is 12 story houses to the sky
in an ascending curve, till it terminates in
the frowning and battlemented castle
whose base is literally oA the mountain
top in the midst of the city. At the foo
of the ridge, in the lap of the valley, lies
Holyrood-hliuse; and between this and the
castle rims a'single street, part of which is
the old Cannongate. Princes' st. the Broad
way of the new town, is built along the op
posite edge of the ravine' facing the long
many windowed walls of the Caunongate
and from every part of Edinboro' these sin
gular features are conspicuously visible.-
A more striking contrast than exists be
tween these' two parts of the same cit'
could hardly be imagined. en one side
succession of splendid squares, elegant
granite houses, broad and well pave
streets, '~4lumns,istatues, and clean side
walks, thinly proinenaded and by the we.


dressed exclusively-a kind of wholly
grand and half deserted city, which has
been built too ambitiously for its popula-
tion-and on the other, an antique wilder-
ness of streets and "wynds," so narrow and
lofty as to shut out much of thlJight of
heaven ; a thronging, busy, and pIrticular-
ly dirty population, side-walks almost im-
passable from children and other expected
nuisances; and altogether, between the ir-
regular and massive architecture and un-
intelligible jargon agonizing the air about
you, a most outlandish and stra g e city.-
Paris is not more unlike Congtantinople
than one side of Edinboro' ia unlike the
'other. _Nature has properly placed a great
gulf between them.
We toiled up to the castle to see the sun
set. Oh, but it was beautiful. I have no
idea of describing it; but Edinboro', to me,
will be a picture seen through an atmos-
phere of powdered gold, mellow as an eve
on the campagna. We looked down on
the surging sea of architecture below us,
and whether it was the wavy cloudiness of'
a myriard of reckling chimneys, or wheth-
er it was a fancy Glenlived-born in 'my
eye, the city seemed to me like a troop of
war-horses, rearing into the air with their
gallant riders. The singular boldness of
the hills on which it is built, and of the
crags and mountains which look down up-
on it, and the impressive lift of its towering
architecture into the sky, give it altogether
a look of pride and warlikeness that an-
swers peculiarly to the chivalric history of
Scotland. And so much tor the first look
at Auld Reekie.'
My friend had determined to have what
he called a flare up,' of a Scotch breakfast,
*and we were set down the morning after
our arrival, at nine, to cold goose, salmon,
cold beef, marmalatce, jellies, honey, five
kinds of bread, oatmeal cakes, tea and toast;
and I am by no means sure that that is all.
It is a fine country in which one. gets so
much by the simple order of breakfast at
nine.'
We parted after having achieved it, my
companion going before me to Dunbarton-
shire; and, with a 'wee c allant' for a guide,
I took my way to Holyrood.
At the very foot of Edinboro' stands this
most interesting of royal palaces-a fine
old pile, though at the first interview rath-
er disappointing. It might have been in
the sky, which was dun and cold, or it
might have been in the melancholy story
most prominent in its history, but it op-
pressed me in its gloom. A rosy cicerone
in petticoats stepped out from the porters
lodge, and rather brightened my mood with
her smile and courtesy, and I followed on
to the chapel royal, built, heaven knows
when, but in a beautiful state of gothic ru-
in. The girl went on with knitting, and
her well drilled recitation of the sights up-
on which those old fretted and stone tra-
ceries had let in. the light; and I walked
about feeding my eyes upon its hoar and
touching beauty, listening little till she
came to the high altar, and in the same
broad Scotch monotone, and with her eyes
still upon her work, hurried over some-
thing about Mary Queen of Scots. She
was married to Darnly on the spot where I
stood! The mechanical guide was accus-
tomed evidently to an interruption here,
and stood silent a minute or two to give my
surprise the usual grace. Poor, poor Ma-
ry! I had the common feeling, and made
probably the same ejaculation that thou-
sands have made on the spot, but I had ne-
ver before related'the melancholy romance
of her life half so nearly. It had been the
f sadness of an hour befbre--a feeling laid
aside with the book that recorded it-how
it was, as it were, a pity and a grief for the
I living, and 1 felt struck with it as if it had
I happened yesterday. If Rizzio's harp had
I sounded from her chamber, it could nol
Shave seemed more tangibly a scene of liv-.
Sing story.
l "And through this door they dragged
t the murdered favorite; and here, undei
this stone, he was buried!"
s "Yes, sir."
, "Poor Rizzio !"
S I'm thinking' that's a', sir!"
S It was a broad hint, but I took another
, turn down the nave of the old ruin, anc
i another look at the scene of the murder
t and the grave of the victim.
s "And this door communicated witi


e Mary's apartments ?"
s "Yes-ye hae it a' the noo !"
- I paid my shilling, and exit.'
- On inquiry for the private apartments, ]
', was directed to another Girzy, who tookl
p, me up .to a suite of rooms appropriated to
- the use of the earl of Breadalbane, and'fur-
- nished very much like lodgings for a guin-
- ea a week in London.
y "And which was Queen Mary's chain-
a ber ?"
it "Ech! sir! it's t'ther side. I dinna showv
d that."
- And what am I brought here for ?"
11 Ye camnyourself!"


With this wholesome truth, I paid my t
shilling again, and was handed over to (
another woman, who took ne into a large s
hall containing portraits of Robert Bruce, i
Bahol, Macbeth, Queen Mury, and some d
forty other men and women famous in I
Scotch story; and nothing i clearer than V
that one patient person sat 'o the painter a
for the whole. After" doling!' these, I was t
led with extreme deliberativeness through (
a suite of unfurnished rooms, 12, I think, s
the only interest of which was their having a.
been tenanted of late by the royal exile of V
France. As if any body would give a shil- e
ling to see -where Charles X."-slept and (
breakfasted! (
I thanked heaven that I stumbled next-
upon the right person, and was introduced
into an ill-lighted room, fire place like that
of a country inn-the state chamber of the 1
unfortunate Mary. Here was i chair she
embroidered-there was a seat of tarnish-
ed velvet, where she sat in u state with 1
Darnley-the very grate in the chim- I
ney that she had sat before-tlhe mirror in
which her fairest face had be4i imaged-
the table at which she had vorked-the
walls on which her eyes had tested in her
gay and her melancholy houis-all, save
touch and mould of time, as sle lived in it
and left it. It was a place for a thousand
thoughts.
The woman led on. We entered anoth-
er room-her chamber.
A small, low bed, with tattered hangings
of red and figured silk, tall, ill-shapen
posts, and altogether a paltry look, stood
in a room of irregular shape; .a[ here, in
all her peerless beauty, she hdWfslept. A
small cabinet, a closet merely, opened on
the right and in this she was supping with
Rixzo, when he was plucked from her and
murdered. We went back to the audience
chamber to see stain of his blood on thie
floor. She partitioned it off after his
death, not bearing to look upon it. Again
-"Poor Mary !"
On the opposite side was a similar clos-
et, which served as a dressing room, and
the small mirror, scarce larger than your
hand, which she used at her toilet. Oh for
a magic wand, to wave back upon that
senseless surface the vision f beauty it has
reflected. N. P. W.
[From the N. Y. Journal (f Commerce.]
SOME PARTICULARS OF TIE LOSS OF THE
SHIP MENTOR, AND SUFFERINGS AND
DEATH OF A GREATER PART OF THE CREW.
-A month or two since, wj copied from a
Canton paper, a brief paragraph, mention-
ing the arrival at that port )f two Ameri-
can seamen, late of the whale ship Men-
tor, lost in the Pacific Oceai. These two
seamen, whose names are Iforace Holden
and Benjamin H. Nute, arrived in New
York from Canton, on the 5th inst. after
an absence of nearly five ears from the
United States, during the greater part of
which time they had been aeld in slavery,
by the savages of the Pelevw Islands. Hav-
ing learned that the facts connected with
their shipwreck and subsequent history
were of an interesting chancter, we yes-
I terday sought an interview Vith them, and
in a long conversation obtained from them
the following particulars:--
On the 20th July 1830, tie Mentor sail-
ed from New Bedford, for tie South Seas,
on a whaling voyage, with complement
of twenty two men, including the officers.

short stay at Ferroll, they pissed through
Sthe Timore Straits, and continued their
voyage without any thing remarkable oc-
curring, until they passed Amnboyna, with
Sthe intention of going to the Tinian Islands
Near the Philippines.
t It was then advanced in the month of
May, 1831, and for some days previous to
the 21st the weather had been so extremely
I boisterous that they were unable to take
r any observation. On the 21st oe'May the
weather became still worse, and a tremen-
dous storm came on, which obliged them
to take in almost all their sdls; the gale
continued, and between eleven and twelve
r o'clock that night whilst the vessel was
Steering under a close-reefedmain-topsail,
, and a back topmast-stay-sail, she struck up-
on a coral reef running out fiom the near-
Sest of the Pelew Islands. ,


It was evident to all on board that the
vessel was irretrievably lost, and must soon
go to pieces, and a boat was lowered from
her and eleven of the crew got into it, who
pushed off from the ship aud were never
afterwards heard of. They in all proba-
- ability perished, as it was impossible that
- any boat could live long in such a tremen-
dous, storm. ,The remain eleven of the
- crew remained and still struggled, though
without a hope to save the ship. They cut
r away the masts and did every thing they
could to right-her, but she still lay on her
beam, ends a helpless mark for the fury of
the waves. Her crew at length gave up


their useless efforts in despair, and atten- m
led to their own safety by lashing them- ti
selves to the side of the ship; where they v
remained until morning. As soon as the I
lay dawned, they launched the remaining g
boat from the ship, and the eleven survi-
rors got into her and rowed along the reer fl
about two miles from the wreck, where
hey got on dry land. Here they remain-, g
ed two days and nights having nothing to e
subsist on but about four gallons of water v
and some seven or eight pounds of bread, e
which was all they took from the wreck v
except some of their clothes, two or three b
cutlasses, a musket and a pair of pistols.- fI
On the third morning at daylight -they be- ti
held 30 or 40 canoes making towards them, t
one of which was two or three miles a-head ii
of the others. The captain of the ship im- I
mediately informed his men that they r
would soon be surrounded by savages, and t
recommended them to quietly submit to t
to them, as they had no other choice. 'The r
leading canoe which was filled with naked I
savages, soon came near them, and then a
lay to, until the seamen hoisted a shirt as a t
signal of amity, and the savages immedi- a
ately landed on the reef, and rushed on the c
men, from whom they took their clothes p
and weapons of defence, which the sava- e
ges carried into their canoe, .and then au- I
thoritatively called out to the seamen, (
"morevial, morevial" (come to the wreck,) I
making these words intelligible by pointing, I
to the ship, to which they insisted that the
seamen should accompany them. The o
seamen went into their boat and accompa- i
nied the savages back to the wrdck, from t
which they took all the fire arms and what- 1
ever else they could carry in their canoes.
All the canoes went away but one, which 1
remained, the savages in which made signs
to the seamen to throw them a rope, and 1
they would tow them to land. The sea- I
men accordingly threw them a rope, and
the savages towed their boat until they
were near the land when they suddenly
stopped, and 'used such threatening ges-
tures towards the boat's crew, that the
Captain ordered Mr. Nute to cut the rope
which fastened the boat to the canoe, and
told his men to pull away from her. The
savages discovered the intention of the sea-
men, and threw their war clubs and some
cocoa nuts at them, and then flung their
spears at them. With the exception, how-
ever, of one man, whose face was dread-
fully shattered, the seamen sustained no
injury, and got clear of the land and pulled
for the open sea, chased, however, for se-
veral hours by the savages. At sundown
the seamen again beheld land, and reach-
ed it the ensuing day, in a state of the ut-
most exhaustion.
The place where they landed was a
small uninhabited island about half a mile
from a larger one. They had scarcely
landed when they saw a canoe approach
them with two savages in it, who held up
a fish in token in friendship. The seamen
in return caught a large club and held it
up as an answering signal, and the savages
then landed, came close to the seamen, and
laughed and appeared to be pleased with
the meeting. After some time they made
signs to the seamen to follow them, and
went into their canoes. The seamen did
did so, and were conducted towards the
larger island. On their way to it they
were surrounded by several canoes and a
chief who was in one of them sprang from
it into the seamen's boat and furiously as-
saulted the captain. This seemed to' be
the signal for a general assault on the sea-
men, and they were attacked on all sides,
and ultimately overpowered and stripped
naked, and in this condition they were
brought to land. On coming on shore
they were surrounded by the women and
children who seemed to regard them as
extraordinary objects of curiosity, and re-
peatedly put their hands on them to exam-
ine them more minutely. Near where
they landed, was a platform of stones, on
which were assembled all the chiefs of the
nation, who had assembled to determine
what was to be done with the strangers.-
When they had deliberated some time, the
women and children, who seemed to take
a great interest in the seamen began to cry,
which the unfortunate seamen considered
as a sign that their fate was determined on.
Such was not, however, the case, as the


savages gave them a sort of toddy, com-
posed of water and 'molasses made from
the sacharine of the cocoa nut, after drink-
ing which, they were conducted to the
chief town, called Ibuel, where the chiefs
held another council regarding them:-
Whilst this council was being held, the
seamen were not a little astonished at see-
ing a seeming savage run towards them and
address them in English. On entering in-
to conversation with bhm, they learned that
he was an Englishman, who had deserted
his ship more than twenty years back, bad
remained on the Island ever since, had be-
come a Chief, and exercised unlimited in-
fluence among the savages. Through this


nan's influence they had a house assigned
hem to live in, and we were well treated
whilst they remained on the Island. The
island produced cocoa nuts and yams in
greatt abundance, and was well stocked with
figs and goats, and resorted to by immense ^
locks of sea fowl.
Their English friend induced the sava-
:es to return then a shirt and trowser
ach, and this was all the clothes they had,
vhilst they remained on the Island. In
very other respect, however, they were as
well off as they could possibly expect .to
'e, under such circumstances, being -vell
ed and not required to do any wovrk.-- Af-
er remaining here six months and finding
here was no likelihood of a vessel touch-
ng at the Island, they induced the savages
by promises of rewards to build them a ca-
ioe, and let eight of them leave the Island,
he other three remaining as hostages for
he promised payment. These eight sea-
nen, accompanied by three natives, em-
barked in the canoe and the seamen's boat
and set sail for Amboyna. Five days after
hey left the island, the canoe foundered,
and the 8 seamen and the savages were
obliged to take to the boat: their stock of
revisionn consisting of four cocoa nuts
each, and about twelve quarts of water.--
In four days after, they arrived (being the
6th of December, 183I,) within sight of
Lord North's Island, in latitude 3 deg.. 3
min. north, and 131 deg. 20 min. east.-
When they came within five or six miles
)f the island, nearly twenty canoes sur-
rounded them and knocked every one of
them overboard, and then shivered their
boat to pieces with their war clubs.
Whilst the savages were knocking their
boat to pieces, the seamen swam from one
canoe to anoth r, and attempted to get in-
to them, but w e repulsed by the savages,
until they had completely destroyed their
boat, and they then picked up the seamen
and brought: them to the island. This isl-
and, unlike the one they had left, is ex-
tremely barren and unproductive, produ-
cing scarcely any thing but the cocoa nut
tree, and no animals but lizards and mice.
The inhabitants, about 4 or 5 hundred in
number, lead a most miserable, wretched
life, and it is no uncommon thing for ma-
ny of them to die of starvation. On being
landed, the savages stripped the seamen of
the wretched rags that remained on them,
and then apportioned them, out as slaves
to different masters in the island. Whilst
they remained here, they were treated in
the most cruel manner, half starved and al-
most worked to death by their barbarous
task-masters. Some months after their ar-
rival, one of them died literally of starva-
tion. Another of them was put.to death
for some trifling offence, by battering out
his brains with stones. About ten months
after their capture, a Spanish vessel passed
the Island, and some of the canoes put off
to sell her some cocoa nuts, and the Cap-
tain of the vessel and one of the crew got
into one of the canoes to go on board her,
but were cast into, the sea: they then swam
to another canoe, from which they were
also cast into the sea, but after being trea-
ted in this way repeatedly, their tyrants at
last took compassion on ,them, and by the
orders of one of. their prophets, allowed
them to be put on board the ship. They
were never after heard 'of by their com-
panions. Two more of the unfortunate
seamen soon after died from overwork and
starvation. Holden and Nute were now
the only survivors, and were reduced to
such a state of exhaustion that they could
no longer labor, and were then refisedd
even the scanty allowance of food which
had hitherto been dealed out to them. Their
only subsistence was now drawn from the
charity of the more kindly disposed a-
mongst the savages, who now and then be-
stowed on them a little food, but so inade-
quate to sustain'nature, that the three men
were reduced to mere skeletons, and a few
weeks, if not days, must have terminated
their lives, but fortunately a ship hove in
sight, and the savages were induced to put
them on board her, by promises of reward
from the seamen, and the conviction that
they could be no longer any thing but an
incumbrance to them; they accordingly
put them on board their canoes and brought
themtowards the ship. They left the is-


land on the- of--, after residing
there three years in the most dreadful state
of slavery and every sort of privation.
The following letter from the Captain of
the ship which took them from the island,
describes their situation, and the circum-
stances under which he fell in with them:
LINTIN, 29th Dec. 1834.
This is to certify, that, on the 27th day
of November, 1834, off the small island,
commonly called Lord North's by the En-
glish, situated in lat. 3.03 North, and 131.
20 East, on board the British barque Bri-
tannia, bound to Canton river, we observ-
ed about ten or eleven canoes, containing
upwards of one hundred men, approach-


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