|UFDC Home||myUFDC Home | Help ||
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
S V .lit,
VOLUME 1. JACKSONVILLE, EAST FLORIDA, JULY 2, 1835. NUMBER 27.
________________________________ r ____^ *^~ ~
PUBLISHED ON.E A WEEK BY
L. CURRIER & CO.
TERMS- .er year, payable half yearly
in advance.-Single papers 12 cents.
. Advertisements inseire, and contracts
made for yearly advertising,jon reasonable
All communications y mail may be ad-
dressed to E. WILLIAMs, editorr of the Cou-
rier,-postage in all ~a obe paid.
AGENTS F URIER.
.. = *
St. A.gus tne-John Gray, Esq. P. M..
.Mandarin---E. A.. Cohen', sq. P. M.
Newnansville-S. Ellis, Esq. P. M.
Spring Grove-J. Garrison, Esq. P. M.
St. .Mary's-A. Doolittle, Esq. P.M. -
Savannah-S. Philbrick, Esq.
BY ,lts. HEMANS'.
How many thousands are awakening now!
Some to 'the songs of the fP est bough,
'To the rustling leaves at tli attice fane,
'To the chiming fall of the 'latter rain.
And some, far out on the deep mid-sea,
To the dashof the waves ,in their foaming
As they break mto sprayon the tall ship's side,
That holds thro' the tumult her path of pride.
And someL-oh well may their hearts rejoice,
To the gentle souhd of a mother's voice ;
Long shall they yearn for that kindly tone,
When from the board and the hearth 'tis gone.
And s6me$in the carQ, to the bugle's breath,
And the tramp of the steed on the echoing
And the 'sudden roar of the hostile gun,
Which 'tells that a field ere nightmustbe won.
And some in the gloomy convict cell,
To the dull deep note of the warning bell,,
Aa it heavily calls then forth to die,
l whilee the.tfright sun mounts in the laughing
esy. t4 h '" s
And some to the pear of the hunter's horn,
Anid some to the. sounds fromthe city borne;
And somne to th, rolling of torrent floods,
Far midst old mountains and solemn woods.
So are we roused on this chequer'd earth,
Each unto life hath a daily birth,
Though fearful or joyful, though sad or sweet
Be the voices which first our upspringiiig
But one must the sound be, and one the call,
'Which.from the dust shall awake us all!
One, though to severed and distant dooms-
How shall the sleepers arise from their tombs ?
As tie slightest touch will soil a clean
garment, so the very conversation of the
wicked and vicious will in a short time de-
file the ,pind .of an innoc person, in a
manner that will give him greatt trouble to
recover his former purity. You may there-
fore more safely venture into company with
a mh ,infected with the plague, than with
a vicious one, for the worst consequences
of the first is death ; but the last the hazard
of worse' destruction. For vicious people
generally have' peculiar 'ambition to draw
in the innocent to their party; and many
of tliem are furnished with artifices and al-
lurements but too effectual for ensn.ring.
FRIENDSHIP OF THE WO'RLD.-rWh-en I
see witlhered leaves drop off from the trees
in the beginning of autumn, just such,
thinks I, is the friendship of the world.-
While the sap of maintenance lasts, my
friends swarm in abundance ; but in the
winter of my need they leave me naked.-
He is a happy man thit hath a true friend
in his need ; but he is more truly happy
that hath no need of his friend.
What time o'night is it*?' said a country
lass to a dull spark, of whose company she
Why,' said he, 'I reckon it's just about
SThen just about now is just about the
time that boys ought to beat home,' replied
Miss, as she lighted her ,ib'eau to the door.
LOGIC.---' How is it,' said we to an incip-
ient wag a few days since, 'How is it that
homely wmnen always have the clearest
heads?' 'Why, said he, 'it is according
to the'rule laid do"rn by St. Piaul,'-'To
the pure all things are pure, even so to the
,plain all thiags are plain.'
PASSED AT THE EAST SESSION OF THE
Resolution Ist.- Resolved, That the
Governor of this Territory be, and he is
hereby authorised to appropriate from the
Tallahassee fund any tmooey he may
deem necessary for the defraying the ex-
penses of locating the pernianent seat of
Government of this Territry on the Su-
wannee river, and for any other expenses
incident or appertaining to fully carrying
into effect the aforesaid "oj ekt.
Resolved, That the Governor be, and
he is hereby requested to make a. report to
the next Legislative Council, how, :and in
what manner the money arising from the
sale of the liberal donation of land made
by Congress, to this Territory has ,been
Passed, Feb. 14th, 1835.
Approved, Feb. 14th, 1835.
Resolution 2d.-Whereas the depth of
water on the bar of the Bay of Apalachi-
cola is insufficient for the entrance of ves-
sels of the larger class: And whereas the
great and increasing commerce depend-
ent upon the Apalachicola river and its
tributaries requires an outlet suited to the
extent of that commerce, which, might
easily be obtained by a canal connecting
the waters of Lake Wimico, with the Bay
of St. Joseph's: And whereas, the said
canal would form a part of that continu-
ous route of inland navigation, which must
ultimately connect'our Territory with the
city of New Orleans, affording a safe and
easy transportation to the products of our
Be it therefore resolved by the Governor
and Legislative Council of the Territory
of Florida, That our Delegate in Congress
le urged to procure from that body a grant
in fee simple to the company incorporated
for the cutting said canal, of nine feet of
the public land on each side of its con-
templated route; likewise a section of
land at the point of its cormiencemenit on
Lake VWimico, and another at its junction
with the Bay of St. Joseph's.
Resolved, That this resolution be signed
by 'tle President and ChIiei T'lerk -uf this
House, and forthwith forward to the De-
legate from this Territory.
SPissed, Feb. 11th, 1835.
Approved, Feb. 14th, 1835.
Resolution 3rd.-Whereas, the increas-
ing labors of the Judges of the eastern and
Middle Districts of Florida, render it im-
possible that said Judges can attend to the
various Counties of said Districts, to hold
the Courts therein, and to dispose justice
amongst the good citizens of this Territo.,
ry; and whereas, several of the Counties
of said Districts are now deprived of a Su-
perior Court from the utter inability of said
Judges to perform ithe travel and labor"
'which would lie imposed upon them by
the establishment of a Superior Court in
each of said Counties, it is therefore ,
Resolved, That 'our Delegate in Con-
gress be, and he is hereby requested, to en-
deavor to obtain, by all means in his pow-.
er, the establis-hment, in this Territory, of
a new Judicial District, to be called the
Judicial District of Suwannee, and to be
composed of the Counties of Madison,
Hamilton, Columbliia, Alachpa and Hills-
Be it further Resolved, That this resolu-
tion be signed by the President of the Le-
.gislative Coundil, and handed to the Gov-
ernor of this Territory for his approval,
and forthwith forwarded to our Delegate
Be it further resolved, That the Govern-
or of this Territory be, and he is hereby re-
quested to use his influence to effect the
ebjee-o4f these resolutions.
Passed Feb. 12th, 1835.
SApproved Feb. 14th, 1835.
Resolution 4th.-Whe'eas, it is impor-
tan't in all new anid growing countries, and
especially unnder a Relublican Govern-
ment, which is based upon the general in-
telligence and virtue of the community to
provide for' the 'ediuiation of the rising,
generation ; and whereas, Florida is almost
entirely destitute of"the necessary means
for that purpose on account of the sterility
of a considerable portion of the sixteenth
sections, which have been reserved for the
purpose of schools, and of a large portion
of the. country having been granted oit to
private individualss by the British ':and
Spanish Governments before its transfer
to the:United States, withoqtt apy reserva-
tion of school lands;. and whereas, also,
owing to that great extent and conforma-
tion of our sea coIst, there are, aid neces-
sarily must be, a great many fractional
: Townships in this Territory:, containing
less than sixteen' sections, which have no
' '' .. ...... ''.i c .+ '
Resolved, therefore, by the Governor ,
and Legislative Council of the Territory of
Florida, That our Delegate in Congress be
requested to use his exertions to procure
the passage of a law' authorising the selec-
tion in such a manner as the Governor
and Legislative Council shall direct other t
lands in place of such sixteenth sections as
shall prove to be of little or no value, on
account of the sterility of the soil, or any
other cause; and also the selection and
location of a quantity of lauds equal to one
thirty sixth of all the land which may have
been granted out as aforesaid.-by theo said
British and Spanish Governtments, and of
the said fractional Townships, and author- t
rising the sale of said lands, and all other
lands appropriated for the support of
schools therein, in such manner, and upon
such terms, as the Governor and Legisla-
tive Council shall direct; the proceeds
thereof to be.invested in some profitable
stock, and the interest to be set apart as a
fund for the support 'of common schools
in this Territory, to be annually apportion-
ed amongst the several Counties, accord-
ing to the rates of white population in said
Resolved further, That a certified copy
of the fobregoing Preamble and Resolutions
be signed by the President and Chief Clerk
of this House, and be transmitted forth-
with to the Hon. Joseph M. White.
Passed Jan. 27th, 1335.
Approved Jan. 29th, 1835.
Resolution 4th. --To the Senate and
House of Representatives of the United
The Governor and Legislative Council
of the Territory of Florida, beg leave re-
spectively, to represent to Congress, That
a company entitled the East Florida Rail
Road Company has bege' chartered by
them at its present session, having for its
object the establishment of azi expiditious
and efficient communication between the
Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico:
and from the evidence communicated to
them,Athley fully believe that this company
is prepared to commence and complete the
work with.all convenient despatch : Pro-
vided, that Congress will, at its present4
se,'u,- r, -~ ~- --,:'of lands which.
they now solicit
It is therefore resolved by the Legisla-
tive Councilof the Territory of Florida,
That the Delegate-in Congress be request-
ed to obtain froni the Congress of the
United States' the relinquishment on the
part of the United States to the East Flori-
da Rail Road Company, one section of
land at each end of the route of their rail
road, and also the relinquishment on the
part of the Congress of the United States,
of three hundred feet in width of the land
throughout the line which may be selected
for the said rail road company: Provided
that when the route of said rail road shall
be surveyed and determiined, the same
shall prove to be public-lands, or wherever
the'route of the said road shall pass through
the public lands, also the right and privi-
lege to obtain and use any timber stone or
other materials 'which may be suitable for
their purposes on the public lands.
It is further resolved, That the Delegate
in Congress, be requestedtto obtain from
Congress such other donations of public
land as they may in consideration of pro-
moting and aiding an object of so much
utility, and which promises great national
benefit, be pleased to grant to this Com-
It is resolved, That the foregoing reso-
lutions, when signed by the Governor and
the President of the Legislative Council,
shall be certified by the Chief Clerk and
forwarded to the Delegate in Congress.
S Passed Feb. 10th, 1835.
Approved Feb. 14th, 1835.
Resolution 6th.--Whereas, the pay and
mileage of the Members of the Legisltive
Council is insufficient to defray their" ne-
Be it therefore resolved, by the Govern-
or and Legislative Council of the Territo-
ry ofFlorida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress'be requested to use his exertions to
have the same increased to five dollars per
day, and five dollars for every twenty miles
Resolved unanimously, That a copy of
the foregoing resolution be forwdvde d
forthwith to the Hion. Joseph M. White.
PassedFeeb. 14th, 1835.'
Approved Feb. 14th, 1835.
A lady readifig from a newspaper the
announcement of, a marriage between a
Mr. Lion and a Miss 'Lamb, a trieird obser-
ved, There is one prophecy accomplish-
ed, the lion and the lamb shall lie down
The Augusta hronicle, one of the ol0d-
est"papers in the State of Georgia, is offer-
ed for sale.
[Translated from the French.]
THE TWO MOTHERS.
Saumur is a most delicious place, with
its little red and white houses, seated at,
the foot of a flower dressed hill, and di-
vided by the Loire, which runs sportively
through it, like a blue scarf on the neck of
a beautiful girl. B1,t alas, this new Eden,
like all other cities, has its sad attendants
on civilization, a prison and a sub perfect,
a literary society and a lunatic hospital-
yes a hospital for lunatics! Ascend the
Lorie by the left bank, and when you have
arrived-at the outskii't of t+e city, olaiinber
by a steep path--you will soon arrived at
the top of a pebbly hill, in the flanks of
which are placed 'small 'cabins, furnished
with great bars of wood. It is there, while
you are occupied with admiring with all
the powers of your soul, the beautiful
country which stretches from Tour to
Angers, the green and ,fertile fields, the
rapid and majestic current which crosses
and bathes the brilliant landscape, sudden-
ly the cries of 'rage, and the*laughter of
stolidity will burst forth from behind you,
and call you to contemplate the spectacle
which you. have come tc seek. Then you
will renounce with pain, because it cannot
be enjoyed besides such an accumulation
of misery. Look at that young man who
is walking almost taked-the young man
whose limbs are blackened by exposure to
the sun, and *whose feet are torn by rough
pebbles in his pathway. He has taken
holy orders-he wav surprised by love-
he went crazy-noew ,ie is stripped of Ilis
orders and his love-poor victim. 4
As I was wandering one day in the
midst of all thi's wreck of humanity, be-
hind me was- walking a young lady, ac-
companied by. her husband, leading by the
hand a pretty little girl, their child. Smhe
came, without doubt, like myself, to seek
fbr stroig-and new emotions. We became
strangely jaded with the trying excitement
of a city. '1 arrived at the ,same moment
with this lady, opposite a girl who had
been led out of her cell into the court, and
fastened to the wall by an iron chain. Her
large blue eye had so much sweetness, her
pale face so many charms, and her long
auburn hair fell with_ spomuch a'ace over'
her naked sfihoulders, that looKed.-Tit --
rikthinrexpressible pain. She appeared to
have been weeping bitterly-how heavy,
then, appeared that horrible chain which
abraded,her white delicate skin! I asked
the lay sister who acted as guide to me,
what had Itefallen this girl, that she was
treated so rigorously ? She answered me,
lowering her eyes and blushing, "it is
Mary, a poor girl from the city, who ]iai
loved too deeply. The find who tempted,
abandoned her, and after two years, .the
child of her shame died. NThis last loss
deprived her of reason-she was brought
to this institution, and in consequence of
sudden dangerous excesses of derange-
ment, she is chained." The good sister
bowed as if ashamed of referring to such
a subject. I stood lost in reflection upon
the mutation of human affairs, as I gazed
at the unfortunate being before me; when
suddenly I saw her spring the whole
length of her chain, seize the child which
the young lady held by the hand, press it
closely to her breast, and such with the
swiftness of an arrow to thq stone bench.
The mother screamed frantically, and
sprung towards the miserable lunatic, who
drove her back with shocking brutality.
"It is my babef9 cried Mary, "it is in-
deed-God has restored her to me--oh
how good is God"-and she leaped with
joy, and covered the child with kisses.
The father attempted to seize the child by
force, but the lay sister prevented him, and
besought him to let Mary have her own
It is not your daughter," said she kind-
ly to Mary; she does not resemble you
in the least." Not my daughter !-good
heavens, look-look, sister Martha,-look
at her mouth, her eyes-it is the very like-
ness of her father. She has come down
from .heaven. How pretty- how very
pretty she is, my dear sweet daughter,"'
and she pressed the child to her bosom,
and rocked it like a nurse to still his cries.
-It was, however, heart rending to see
the,poor mother, who watched with anx-*
iety every movement of the lunatic, and-
wept or smiled as Mary advanced or re-'
tired from sister Martha. Lend your
daughter to me a moment, Mary, that I
may see her," said the good sister. Lend
her to you! O no indeed-the first time
the priests told me also that I should lend
her a little, to God, who desired such an-
gels, and she was gone six months. I will,
not lend her again, no, no, I would rather
kill her and keep her body," and she held
up the child as if she would dash its head
against the wall. The. mother, pale and
inanimate, fell helpless upon her, knees,
and with bitter sobs supplicated the luna-
tic to give her back her child, and not do
it harm. Mary. gave no iheed to her; she
was'holding the infant, with her-eyes bent
intently upon its features. '
The father, half distracted, hlad gone to
seek the director of the institution.
It would have been difficult then, to say
which was the crazy-the mother, who
lay trembling in my arms, and calling
aloud for her child, or Mary, 'who,' with
wild laughter, was presenting to the child
her shrivelled breasts.
It was resolved not to employ force, but
to allow Mary' to retire to her bed, and
uwhen- she-was asl&ep 4dA ke. away tile
Once in her cell, Mary laid the child at
the foot of the bed, pressed down the mat-
trass, and disposed the clothes into the'
form of a cradle-while the real mother,
with her fqce pressed against the gratings
of the cell, watched in the twilight of the
place, with haggered and streaming eyes,
every motion of the lunatic. Mary care-
fully disposedl.the child in its .new.bed,
hushed it, and sung little nursery songs,
with a wild and fitful voice, and then fell
asleep beside the infant.,
The' nurse immediately entered'the cell,
on tiptoe, snatched up tie child, and re-"
stored it to its mother's arms, who scream-
ed with jdy and flew away with her pre-
cious burthenn. The cry of the mother
awakened Mary- she felt beside her in
vain for 'tihechild-she ran to the grating
andshook it with a powerful urii,,-she
saw the child conveyed from her, she ut-
tered a wild, discordant cry, aId fell. upon
the floor-she was dead- twice was too-
By the ship Coral, Capt. Whitten, ar-
rived at New Bedford, in 85 days fiom
Talcahiiana, we learn the melancholy fact
of the entire destruction of the cities of
Conception and Talcahuana by an earih-
quake on the 20th of February. A gen-
tleman who was an eye witness of this
terrible calamity, describes it as follows:
The morning of the 20th was clear
ahd serene, but it will prove an ever miem-
,orable day to the miserable people now in,.
habitating the border hills in this vicinity.
Th. -first shock conimenced at -20 iEi'I.te
past 11. o'clock, and last wvilh but slight in-
termissions for 4-7 minut-s, causing tle
hills and valleys to rise and fail like the
waves of the ocean. During the continu-
ance,ofthe fii'st shock,*which was much,
the most severe, 1 expected to be destroy-
ed every momient--it.was almost impossi-
ble to keep uprig'ightr." P
i Talcahuana is completely destroyed-
|the buildings were not only shaken down,
but the ruing of houses- stores, j.%c. were
completely swept away afterwaMs by the
sea, which retired about 15 minutes after
the first sock, leaving the shipping entire-
ly dry, at anchor in the harbor-it came in
again in about two minutes, to the height
of 25 feet above th.e usual mark, over-
whelmin'g the whole place. Men,,women
and children fled for the mountains; but
"many were overtaken and swept to the
ocean by the receding waves, which com-
pleted the entire destruction of the town,
dep giving hundreds of people of their se-
con garments-many who were in .good
circumstances are now completely desti-
tute. Furniture of all kinds was carried
away with the houses; not even leaving a
vestige to inform the owner of the -situation
of his former residence. It would require
an eye witness to be made acquainted with
the complete-destruction of the townit by
this awfill calamity.
Conception, a city containing about 25,-
000 inhabitants is one complete heap of
ruins-the houses being chiefly built of
brick. There is not one solitary building
left standing vithiiin. the limits of the city,
and for leagues around. The shock came
from a south east direction, and in its. way
destroyed every thing. A number of small
Towns have been heard fr'p -iCillian,
Salea, Armadeau, Lingus, Envas, Peusul,
St. Carlos, Vallaya and Arniyles, were de-
The number of lives lost could not be
correctly ascertained. A new cathedral,
buikling in Conception, buried twenty
workmen in its ruins. There were but
tWo Amnerican ships in the harbor of Tal-
cabtuana at the time, besides the Coral-
tiq iHilton and the Nile. A small schr.
'was Ai ven. from hri- aiorin. andtdrifted
over town. "
The' Nwq Bedford Gazette'describes the
dreadful catastrophe in lthe following man-
ner: ." ,
The sh6Aientinued,i(three or four
every day,) up. to the time the ship'-left.
On the 23d, a large portion 9f the ishind of
Caracana, at the mouth .pf the bay,, was
swallowed up. The 5th of r b ch, it was
stated there, that from 25 to 30 town, be-
sides many small villages between Con-
ception and the Cordillerfts, were scenes
of complete ruin. From four to .five hun-