Citation
Suwannee Democrat

Material Information

Title:
Suwannee Democrat
Place of Publication:
Live Oak, FL
Publisher:
Suwannee Democrat, Myra Regan - Publisher
Creation Date:
January 5, 2005
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiweekly[<1990-1994>]
Weekly[ FORMER <1897-1928>]
semiweekly
regular
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
Coordinates:
30.294444 x -82.985833 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began Aug. 12, 1897.
General Note:
Editor: F.R. McCormack, <1910>.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 12 (Nov. 20, 1897).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Suwannee Democrat, J.E. Pound publisher. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000398954 ( ALEPH )
33273856 ( OCLC )
ACE4563 ( NOTIS )
sn 95026787 ( LCCN )
95026788 ( lccn )
33273861 ( oclc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Banner (Live Oak, Fla.)
Preceded by:
Suwannee leader
Preceded by:
Suwannee citizen

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This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

Midweek Edition September 26, 2018 Suwannee Democrat rfn Serving Suwannee County since 1884, including Live Oak, Wellborn, Dowling Park, Branford, McAlpin and OBrien www.suwanneedemocrat.com SEE CAPTAIN, PAGE 10A SEE INAUGURAL, PAGE 10A SEE SCHENAUER, PAGE 10A rf 139894-1 LIVE OAK Heritage Park and Gardens will be full of stories, arts and history this weekend for the rst North Florida Heritage Fes tival: Storytelling, the Arts and History. The initial festival will be held Friday and Saturday, beginning with a welcome social at Heritage Park at 6 p.m. followed by ghost sto ries until 10 p.m. Presentations and events will continue all day Saturday with authors, storytell ers, arts and crafts vendors and crafts for kids. The North Florida Heritage Festival will focus on storytelling, local history, Florida culture and blues-inspired musical performances. Taking part in the ghost stories portion Friday night will be Katie Adams, Andre R. Frattino and Suwannee County historian Eric Musgrove. Adams and Musgrove will be back at the festi val Saturday, where they will be joined by Betty Inaugural North Florida Heritage Festival this weekend rr fntbt jamie.wachter@ganews.com LIVE OAK Robert Fords devotional a week ago was on the spot. The Daily Bread devo tional was entitled Fitting Time. And for Ford, it was tting indeed. Later that day, Sept. 19, a ceremony was held at Live Oak Veterans Me morial Park to dedicate a marker honoring his older brother, the late Captain Charley James Ford. Ford died Nov. 3, 1969, while participating in a combat training exercise at Fort Benning at the age of 25. But by then, Ford had already become a high ly-decorated hero during HONORING A HERO Captain Ford marker dedicated at Veterans Park r r trr r ntbft rr t b n rrr rrrrr frr r rrr fnbf jessie.box@ganews.com LIVE OAK Heritage Park is now home to a new ga-ga ball pit. Hunter Schenauer, 15, is a member of Boy Scouts of America Troop 408 who is working to wards becoming an Eagle Scout. The ga-ga ball pit was his Eagle Community Ser vice Project. He started planning the idea in March and got approval from the Boy Scouts of America in June. He was introduced to ga-ga ball at summer camp. I had never heard of it and it was a really fun game, Schenauer said. After getting approval from the Boy Scouts, he Schenauer completes Eagle Scout project Ga-ga ball pit now open at Heritage Park rrrrr trrrrfrr rf t t t t t t t ntb

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 Advertising Manager, Monja Slater ext. 105 Sr. Advertising Representative, Bill Regan, ext. 150 Advertising Representative,Ashley Hingson, ext. 103 Advertising Representative,Samantha Smith, ext. 141 Classified/Legal, Louise Sheddan ext. 102 Telesales Ad Representative, Ninan Rogers, ext. 109The Suwannee Democrat, ublished Wednesday and Friday. Periodicals postage paid at Live Oak, FL 32064. Business located at 521 Demorest St. SE, Live Oak, FL. Publication number 530180. The Jasper News, published every Thursday. Periodicals postage paid at Live Oak, FL 32064. Business locat ed at 521 Demorest St. SE, Live Oak, FL. USPS #755-980. The Mayo Free Press, published every Thursday. Periodicals postage paid at Live Oak, FL 32064. Business locat ed at 521 Demorest St. SE, Live Oak, FL. USPS #334-600. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Suwannee Democrat, Jasper News or Mayo Free Press, PO Box 370, Live Oak, FL 32064. Subscribe online at www. suwanneedemocrat.com.Letters, comments and opinions on the Opinion page are not necessarily those of the management/ownership of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and the Mayo Free Press.LETTERS TO THE EDITORLetters may be mailed, faxed or emailed to our office. All letters are read. Not all letters are published. Letters may be edited to fit available space. The editor should not alter the writers point of view. Well written letters require less editing. Keep it to the point, an ideal range is 150 to 200 words. Please include your name, address and day and evening phone numbers for verification. Letters MUST be signed. Letters to the editor can be limited to one letter per quarter per individual. Suwannee Democrat The Jasper News Mayo Free Press HOW TO REACH US Switchboard, 386-362-1734 Fax, 386-364-5578 Email, nf.editorial@gaflnews.com Mail, P.O. Box 370 Live Oak, FL 32064 Office, 521 Demorest St. SE Publisher, Jeff Masters jmasters@cnhi.com General Manager, Monja Slater ext. 105 CONTACT US WITH YOUR COMMENTSIf you have any questions or concerns, call us at 386-362-1734 or visit our Website at www.suwanneedemocrat.com NEWSROOM Editor, Jamie Wachter ext. 131 Reporter, Jessie Box ext. 130 Sports, Mike Jones ext. 133 ADVERTISING Suwannee Democrat Circulation Subscription Rates, In-county, $35 Out-of-county, $50 Jasper News Circulation Subscription Rates, In-county, $18 Out-of-county, $26 Mayo Free Press Circulation Subscription Rates, In-county, $18 Out-of-county, $26 OFFICE HOURS Open Monday Friday 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. CIRCULATION RANT & RAVE HOTLINEHeres your chance to tell everyone what you think! Callers may dial 208-8314 and leave a message to express their thoughts, good or bad, 24/7 about issues and politics, but not about private indi viduals or businesses. If you prefer, you may email your comments to jamie. wachter@gaflnews.com. Your name is not required, but you must adhere to no more than 200 words. Rant & Rave only publishes in the weekend Suwannee Democrat. SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 2A Suwannee Democrat prints the entire ar rest record each week. If your name appears here and you are later found not guilty or the charges are dropped, we will be happy to make note of this in the newspaper when judicial proof is presented to us by you or the authorities. The following abbreviations are used be low: SCSO-Suwannee County Sheriffs Ofce LOPD-Live Oak Police Department FDLE-Florida Department of Law Enforce ment FHP-Florida Highway Patrol FWC-Florida Wildlife Commission DOT-Department of Transportation OALE-Ofce of Agricultural Law Enforce ment P & P-Probation and Parole USMS-US Marshals Service ATF-Department of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms DOC-Department of Corrections Sept. 20, Shelley Gayle Whitehead, 39, 1625 NW Oakland, Lake City, FL, Probation Violation: SCSO-Hunter Sept. 20, Jeremy Michael Dixon, 19, 4384 284th Ter., Branford, FL, Probation Violation: SCSO-Hunter Sept. 20, Thomas Steven Greene, 56, 3377 NW Suwannee Valley Road, Lake City, FL, Aggravated Battery: SCSO-Parnell Sept. 20, Ronald James McFadden, 19, 4597 Low Lake Rd., Wellborn, FL, Simple Battery: SCSO-Topham Sept. 20, Desiree Nicole McGee, 22, 548 SE Appaloosa Rd., Branford, FL, Failure to Appear: SCSO-Harmon Sept. 20, Michele Lynn Alvarez, 39, 2427 Douglas Rd., Nacadoches, TX, Possession of a Controlled Substance, Possession of Drug Paraphernalia, Child Abuse Without Great Bodily Harm: LOPD-Chauncey Sept. 21, Fernando Gonsales-Carrisal, 31, 1306 6th St., Live Oak, FL, Felony Battery or Domestic Battery by Strangulation: LOPDSmith Sept. 21, Tita J. Wood, 59, 818 Liberty St., Live Oak, FL, Failure to Appear: SCSO-Hunt er Sept. 22, Donald Morris Jr., 38, 14314 120th St., Live Oak, FL, Possession of Con trolled Substance: LOPD-Chauncey Sept. 22, Roger Dale Cothran, 22, 127 NW Whitley Gln., Lake City, FL, Damage Prop erty-Criminal Mischief, Retail Theft-Shoplift ing, Resisting a Merchant, Probation Viola tion: SCSO-Miara Sept. 22, Kevin James Goforth, 30, 7187 284th St., Branford, FL, Probation Violation, Knowingly Driving While License Suspend ed/Revoked, Marijuana Possession, Posses sion of Controlled Substance: SCSO-Henry Sept. 23, Victor Gil-Lazo, 46, 8690 199th Rd., Live Oak, FL, Failure to Appear: SC SO-Thakor Sept. 23, Kevin Deron Calhoun, 26, 300 Richardson, Live Oak, FL, Possession of Con trolled Substance: LOPD-Chauncey Sept. 24, Charles Emmanuel Wheeler, 56, 736 Church Ave. SW, Live Oak, FL, Bur glary Unoccupied Structure Unarmed, Tres passing, Theft-Utilities, Probation Violation: LOPD-Butler Sept. 24, Brandon Ramone Burley, 33, 635 Miller St., Live Oak, FL, Hold for Other Rea son: SCSO-Williams Sept. 24, Lyqueshia Sherrell Washington, 24, 290 SW Bumgardner Dr., Madison, FL, Probation Violation: SCSO-Hunter Sept. 24, Chad Eugene Driskell, 29, 18565 CR 136, Live Oak, FL, Felony Battery or Do mestic Battery by Strangulation, Child Abuse Without Great Bodily Harm, Criminal Mis chief, Simple Battery Domestic Violence, Contempt of Court, Obstructing Justice, Pro bation Violation: LOPD-Smith Suwannee County Arrest Record 148684-1 134193-1 To our readers Digital technology has substantially grown the audience for local news and advertising in the Suwannee Democrat in recent years. It has opened the online door wide to new and traditional news consumers of all ages, back grounds and interests. But one element remains constant. The high cost of printing and distributing the newspaper especially on low volume days for news and ads continues to grow. With that in mind, the Suwannee Democrat is changing its print publication schedule ef fective next week. We will take all the popu lar features from the Wednesday and Friday edition and combine them into one mid-week edition to be delivered on Wednesday. The Suwannee Democrat website, www. suwanneedemocrat.com, will continue to carry the latest news, sports, business reports, fea tures and advertising every day of the week. In addition, follow us on social media for the latest news as it happens. The world of news is changing in the digital era. We are changing with it to expand our digital capabilities while, at the same time, serving our readers with a newspaper frequen cy schedule that ensures our economic stability and also continues to provide local information you want, need and value. We appreciate your continued support. If you have questions or concerns please contact General Manager Monja Slater at 386-3621734, email monja.slater@ganews.com or drop by the ofce during normal business hours. Sincerely, Monja Slater, General Manager Jeff Masters, Publisher Democrat print publication schedule to change jessie.box@ganews.com JASPER The Florida Depart ment of Law Enforcement is investi gating the death of an inmate at Ham ilton Correctional Institution. According to the Florida Depart ment of Corrections, inmate Travis Rice, 25, was pronounced deceased at approximately 10:30 p.m. on Sept. 4. The death is currently under investigation by the FDLE with assistance from the FDOCs Ofce of the Inspector General. In a statement from FDOC, due to the active investiga tion and the Federal HIPAA Privacy Rule, no more infor mation can be released at this time. Rice was serving 15 years for robbery with a rearm or deadly weapon and ve years for grand theft motor vehicle. FDLE investigating Hamilton CI inmate death r LIVE OAK A Texas womans cross-country trip stalled in North Florida on charges of drug possession and child neglect. According to the Live Oak Police Department, 39-year-old Michele Lynn Alvarez, of Nacadoches, Texas, was parked near the intersection of Piedmont St. and Ohio Ave. around 5:30 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 20, when an ofcer saw her with an infant in her arms in the drivers seat. The report states the ofcer then spotted the car again near the intersection of Ohio Ave. and Howard St. and he observed a broken taillight, pull ing the suspect over near the 2nd St. and Evelyn Ave. intersection. According to the report, the suspects hands were shak ing and she could not remain still while also sweating profusely when the ofcer approached her. The suspect allegedly told the ofcer she traveling to Pennsylvania from Texas but could not explain why she was headed west, the report states. During a subsequent search of the vehicle and the sus pects bag that was removed from the vehicle, ofcers lo cated two small plastic bags containing a granular white substance believed to be methamphetamine, according to the report. The report states that when asked about the substance, the suspect allegedly admitted it was crystal meth. A glass pipe, normally used for methamphetamine, was also discovered and the substance tested positive for meth. The suspect allegedly told ofcers she only smoked meth to stay awake for her drive, the report states. According to the report, the suspect was traveling with her 1-year-old son, who appeared to have ea bites covering his body as well as a larger sore or spider bite. The child also appeared to be dirty and wearing a soiled diaper. Alvarez was charged with possession of methamphet amine, child neglect without great harm and possession of drug paraphernalia. Texas woman arrested for child neglect, drug possession frnrtb nr

PAGE 3

SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 3A Hamilton County Arrest Record Editors note: The Jasper News prints the entire arrest record. If your name appears here and you are later found not guilty or the charges are dropped, we will be happy to make note of this in the news paper when judicial proof is presented to us by you or the authorities. The following abbreviations are used below: DAC Department of Agriculture Commission DOA Department of Agriculture DOT Department of Transportation FDLE Florida Department of Law Enforcement FHP Florida Highway Patrol FWC Florida Fish and Wildlife Con servation Commission HCDTF Hamilton County Drug Task Force HCSO Hamilton County Sheriffs Ofce ICE Immigration and Custom En forcement JAPD Jasper Police Department JNPD Jennings Police Department OALE Ofce of Agricultural Law Enforcement P&P Probation and Parole SCSO Suwannee County Sheriffs Ofce WSPD White Springs Police Depart ment Sept. 17, Omar Xavier Jefferson, 45, 2598 Robert Trent Jones Dr., Orlando, FL, DWLSR Knowingly, Fail to Stop at Ag Station, Resisting Ofcer W/O Vio lence: DOA-Milton Sept. 17, Anton Devane Corbett, 33, 1773 NW 6th Trail, Jennings, FL, Sex Offense-Unnatural and Lascivious Act, Burglary: HCSO-Burnam Sept. 17, John Lamont Boykins, 44, 908 SW 7th Ave., Jasper, FL, Failure to Appear: HCSO-Smith Sept. 18, TraVion Kadon Weary, 20, 1117 Maplewood Road, Jasper, FL, DWLSR Knowingly: JAPD-Akins Sept. 18, Juston Michael Grifth, 37, 2792 Avalon Lane, Montgomery, IL, Fail to Stop at Ag Station, Cocaine Pos session, Marijuana Possession, Narcotic Equipment Possession: DOA-Bailey Sept. 18, John Henry Smith III, 28, 3600 NW 104th Ave., Jasper, FL, Out of County Warrant: JAPD-McDonald Sept. 19, LW James Brown, 23, 7461 SE 90th Court, Bronson, FL, Marijuana Possession: HCSO-Smith Sept. 19, Olrich Joseph, 28, 14231 Babylon Way, Orlando, FL, Possession of Counterfeited Driver License or ID Card, Forgery of Credit Card, Possession of Counterfeited Credit Card: HCSO-Thom as Sept. 19, Larry Lee Norris, 58, 4606 SW 86th Blvd., Jasper, FL, Weapon Of fense-Impropre Exhibit of Firearm: HC SO-Smith Sept. Sept. 19, James Thomas Alford, 61, 11424 SR 6, Jasper, FL, Possession of Firearm by Convicted Felon: HC SO-Smith Sept. 19, Ginjah Uraine Elmes, 36, 4395 Pipemaker-Bluff, Douglasville, FL, Marijuana Possession: DOA Sept. 20, Anthony Tyrone Lloyd, 34, 4800 14th Ave., Chattanooga, TN, Fail to Stop at Ag Station, Marijuana Possession, Use/Display Weapon During Felony, Narcotic Equipment Possession, Cocaine Possession: FHP-Hughes Sept. 21, Oscar Galicia-Perez, 39, 3852 McRoy, Atlanta, GA, NVDL, Fail to Stop at Ag Station: DOA-Young Sept. 21, Lawrence Malachi Bethea, 23, 420 North St., Minersville, PA, DWLSR, Fail to Stop at Ag Station: DOA-Gresham Sept. 21, Jeremy Jovan Randolph, 29, 3037 NW 22nd Blvd., Jennings, FL, Pro bation Violation: JAPD Sept. 21, Chelsey Paige Corder, 26, 812 Court St., Quitman, GA, DUI: JN PD-Baunack Sept. 21, Garrett Zane Dyal, 18, 10812 38th St., Jasper, FL, Probation Violation: JAPD Sept. 22, Jared Ross Parks, 34, 112 Cherry Ave., McKenzie, TN, Cocaine Possession, Narcotic Equipment Posses sion: HCSO-Smith Sept. 22, Jasmine Shandreaka Taylor, 22, 104 8th Ave., Jasper, FL, Damage Property-Criminal Mischief: JAPD-Akins Sept. 22, Juwan Jacquez Pierce, 18, 313 NE 1st St., Jasper, FL, Reckless Driving: HCSO-Smith Sept. 22, Audrey Kaytrina Holden, 60, 16493 101st Way, White Springs, FL, Aggravated Battery: HCSO-Blanton Sept. 23, Kylie Elizabeth Burnham, 30, 1203 Plum St., Jennings, FL, Out of State Fugitive: HCSO-Burnam Sept. 23, Robert Lee McClain, 35, 8053 15th Trail, Jasper, FL, Aggravated As sault: HCSO-Burnam Sept. 24, Zed Donald Washinton, 33, 3523 103rd Place, Jasper, FL, Aggravated Battery: HCSO-Smith T ravis Henr y, AAMS Financial Advisor 123 Howard Street Liv e Oak, FL 32064 386-364-1657 tra vis .henr y@edw ardjones .com www .edw ardjones .com r fntbt rf fntb FINANCIAL FOCUS ftff f rfrf tbnbf frbf ff tfb rffttfrf rftrf fr frbftb ftft rfr fftf ftf ftrfr frrffr rtt tff ffbf rfrt rtrb rftfrt ft ttf fffr rftrfrb ft rf tfbf ffr fb fttrr ffffbft f ftttb fffr ft ffrbf fft rtff rbfff tt f tr f tb tf bnrfrft trfrff bf tff b frtfb tfff tf tff bff ttbft ff tfrb rf ftb 149137-1 rfntbr trntttrt rtrtnrrn tttNOTICE OF CONTINUATION LIVE OAK In an effort to improve outreach with local citi zens, the Suwannee River Water Management District is seeking public input on the perceptions, knowledge and use of the water re sources throughout the Suwannee Valley. At the District, we believe strongly that fulfilling our mission of responsibly stewarding the wa ter resources of the Suwannee Val ley includes understanding the per ceptions and concerns of our local citizens, Katelyn Potter, commu nications director for the district, said in a release. This effort is an important step in improving the di alogue between the district and the citizens of our area. To gather input, the SRWMD has launched an online question naire that gathers information on resource use, recreation, issues awareness, and more. The survey is part of a larger outreach effort by the district to more actively engage citizens and stakeholders in the water management process. Citizen and stakeholder engage ment with district issues is vital to overcome our water resource chal lenges, Potter added. This ques tionnaire allows us to gain feedback from those we would not normally hear from. Visit www.MySuwanneeRiver. com/Survey to complete the ques tionnaire. The questionnaire is available online until Sept. 30, 2018, at 11:59 p.m. It takes less than ve minutes to complete and is acces sible from any mobile device. Re sponses are anonymous. For more information or for ques tions regarding the questionnaire, please contact the district by calling 386-362-1001. The mission of the SRWMD is to protect and manage water resources using science-based solutions to sup port natural systems and the needs of the public. The district holds true to the belief of water for nature, water for people. Headquartered in Live Oak, the district serves 15 surround ing north-central Florida counties. District seeking public input regarding local water resources Miller elected to SRLC Board Branfords Herndon, Saunders also join board LAKE BUTLER Dr. Helen Miller, Council Mem ber and former Mayor of White Springs, was re-elect ed to the Suwannee River League of Cities (SRLC) Board of Directors at the quarterly meeting held Sept. 13 in Lake Butler. Four additional new board members were elected. These ofcials include: Councilman Randy Herndon, Town of Branford; Commissioner Ann Marie Morin, Town of Inglis; Councilman Ken Saunders, Town of Branford; and Council President Nancy Wininger, City of Williston. Ofcials continuing on the board include President Drinda Merritt, Mayor of Inglis; Treasurer Donna Har din, Town Clerk of Branford; Commissioner Jim Catron, City of Madison; and Coun cilman Walter McKenzie, Town of White Springs. The SRLC covers a 10-county service area con sisting of municipalities in Columbia, Dixie, Gilchrist, Hamilton, Lafayette, Levy, Madison, Suwannee, Taylor and Union counties. The grassroots organization works closely with the Florida League of Cities in representing the interests of Suwannee Rivers munici palities to the Florida Legis lature, the Governors Ofce and state agencies. For more information, please contact SRLC Exec utive Director Jenny Ander son, Institute of Government, Florida State University, at 850-487-1870 or jlander son@fsu.edu.

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 4A Suwannee Valley Living 146682-1THE MEADOWS APARTMENTS rfn WE ARE NOW TAKING APPLICATIONS FOR 1 BEDROOM APARTMENTSCentral Air & Heat, Blinds, Carpet, Stove & RefrigeratorJUST 5 MINUTES FROM TOWNtbfff b r RENT IS BASED ON INCOME rf ntbnrrbn rfr b rt rnrb b LIVE OAK The third annual Suwannee Roots Revival takes place Oct. 11-14 at the magical Spirit of the Suwannee Music Park. With multiple stages throughout the weekend (Amphithe ater Stage, Porch Stage, Dance Tent, Music Hall and Music Farmers Stage) Suwannee Roots Revival is jam-packed with stellar music and dance and many bands performing multiple sets. This family-friendly festival includes four days of music, camping, yoga, music workshops, a Kids Tent, as well as campground pickin sessions. Set in the midst of 800 acres of Spanish moss-draped oak and cypress trees along the Suwannee River, the venue is a playground for endless activities such as swimming, canoe ing, kayaking, disc golf and biking. Oteil Burbridge will lead an all-star cast of Oteil & Friends as the Thursday night headliners featuring John Kadlecik, Weedie Braimah, Alfreda Gerald, Jay Lane, Scott Metzger [JRAD] and Jason Crosby (Phil Lesh & The Terrapin Fam ily Band). Peter Rowan Free Mexican Airforce is also on Thursday. Rowan will also have a workshop as well. Others set to appear Thursday are Jon Stickley Trio, The Grass Is Dead, The Dustbowl Revival, Joe Craven & The Sometimers, Jonathan Scales Fourchestra, Sloppy Joe, Sauce Boss, Jeff Bradley, Contra Dance Instruction and Contra Dance with The Dunehoppers, LPT and more. Keller Williams Pettygrass featuring The HillBenders headlines Friday along with The Seldom Scene and The rst of three festival appearance by Donna the Buffalo. Friday hosts a plethora of stellar music including Rev. Jeff Mosier, The Lee Boys, The HillBenders, a second appearance by Joe Craven & The Sometimers, The Lonely Heartstring Band, Katie Skene & The Cosmic Kind, Brett Bass & Melted Plec trum, Whetherman, Belle and the Band, second sets by The Grass Is Dead and Sauce Boss, Tornado Rider, Syzygy and much more including, in the Dance Tent, Waltz Instruction & Waltz with The Walker Family Band, Contra Dance Instruc tion and Contra Dance with The Dunehoppers. Leftover Salmon makes its rst appearance of the weekend as the Saturday night headliners. The day is jam-packed with music by Donna the Buffalo, Bruce Cockburn (who will also host a workshop), Samantha Fish, Horseshoes and Hand Gre nades, Jim Lauderdale, Verlon Thompson, David Gans (host ing a workshop and is also an artist at large), Nikki Talley, The Corbitt Brothers, and Rushadicus as well as further sets with Tornado Rider and Rev Jeff Mosier, Joe Craven & The Sometimers, Whetherman, The Lee Boys, LPT, Brett Bass and Melted Plectrum, Waltz with The Walker Family Band and Contra Dance Instruction with The Dunehoppers. Sunday is always a special day closing out the festival with music and is Vassar Day, the day of remembrance for those lost who were dear to us. Donna the Buffalo will close out Suwannee Roots Revival schedule announced the festival with a set and also will bring up guest artists who are still around for a fun-lled evening. Sunday sets include Leftover Salmon, Rev Jeff Mosier with The Grass Is Dead, Horseshoes and Hand Grenades, Jim Lauderdale, Verlon Thompson and more. David Gans will broadcast his Siri usXM Radio show, Tales from the Golden Road, live from the Music Park. Other special items to keep an eye out for are Yoga with Rhonda Bell on Friday, Saturday and Sunday at 9 a.m. at the Dance Tent, Kids Tent activities daily with Tania & Magic Moon Traveling Circus along with a Kids Talent Show Sat urday night, Bean Spence Paint Class, Kids Yoga and more. There will also be various workshops in the Music Hall with many artists such as Seldom Scene, Bruce Cockburn and oth ers throughout the weekend. Hosted by long time friends of the SOSMP Randy Judy and Beth Judy, Suwannee Roots Revival focuses on amaz ing roots music which ties together a weekend laced with community based fun, growing friendships, happy families and that feel good feeling you get from hanging out in such a beautiful natural setting. Tickets may be purchased at www.suwanneerootsrevival. com/tickets/ BRANFORD The San Juan Mission Cath olic Church will be hav ing its annual Fall BBQ and Festival. The annual BBQ has traditional ly been held the same weekend as the annual rodeo, both in Branford. This year the BBQ is held on Saturday, Sept. 29, at the Church grounds, 304 Plant Avenue SE, Branford, from noon to 6 pm. A BBQ pork dinner with all the trimmings will be served for $8. There are also a cou ple of raffles the First Prize of the big raffle is $500. The public is invited to attend. San Juan Mission hosting fall BBQ, festival New ofcers installed at Womans Club meeting LIVE OAK The Live Oak Womans Club held its rst monthly meeting of the scal year, on Friday, Sept. 7. The incoming slate of ofcers under the leadership of newly elected President Fika Shearer, and under her creative genius, planned an old-fashioned tea party for the opening meeting. Tables were cleverly decorated with china and tea services, and silver tea services handed down to the various board members through the generations. Members enjoyed con versing at lavishly decorated tables. The meeting opened with various selections of the Womans Club chorus under the di rection of Pat Roberts. Following the Chorus performance, plans were made for the coming year. A special fundraising event for the year is Trash and Treasure. This will be held on Sept. 28-29. The community is invited to visit the clubhouse next to the Coliseum to search for unusual items, good used clothing and numerous other items. That old piece of furniture youve been looking for just might be there. Monies raised are used, in part, to support the charity selected by the ofcers and membership. Another note of interest to the community is the decision to continue with art and crafts lessons. Dawne Strickland and Eileen Box are the instructors for those classes. Call either of those ladies for information. rfnftfffnbf nnffffffftr f frf nfrbfnf 147768-1Midway Baptist Church Homecoming Sunday, October 7, 2018 10:30 AM Guest Speaker Rev Jimmy Corbin There will additional seating for services and eating Meal to follow jessie.box@ganews.com JASPER The Ham ilton County Board of County Commissioners are looking into fuel metering systems. The Florida Department of Revenue gives quarter ly fuel tax refunds to the county and the Hamilton County Sheriffs Ofce for off-road and gasoline used. Currently at stake is $8,000 a year for tax rebate for the county and another $6,000 for the sheriffs of ce, County Coordinator Louie Goodin said. Goodin said the county is not eligible for the past quarters rebate due to not being able to provide the information required for the Florida Department of Revenue. Estimates for the system are $10-12,000 and $910,000 each for two dis penser pumps. The county would need to spend approximately $30,000 once for an annual refund of $14,000. Goodin will continue looking into options for the county. The commissioners also approved the Fire Protec tion and Related Emer gency Services Agreement with the towns of White Springs and Jennings. The county will provide up to $7,500 per quarter or $30,000 per year. The town will received prorates amounts that re ect the total amount of calls answered versus the total calls for service. According to Henry Land, Jennings and White Springs agreed to the agreement during a meet ing. Land said some of the stipulations were relaxed so the re departments could respond. A certied volunteer reghter from the town must respond to all calls of service and when two certied reghters are required under state law, the town must request an additional reghter from another re department. We are tying to elim inated untrained people from responding within the county, Land said. The agreement will be presented to the towns of White Springs and Jennings for their nal ap proval. Hamilton BOCC looks into fuel metering system Units located on Gold Kist Road Rental Oce: 121 Van Buren St., Live Oak 364-6626129566-1 CLIMATE CONTROLLED STORAGE ABBEY & LIVE OAK MINI STORAGE

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You can feel the promise of fall weather in the coolness of the night air. It wont be long before you will need a sweater in the morning and after dark. I decided to go out to the Spirit of the Suwannee this past Saturday to check out the two bands that were playing on Saturday night. I used it as an opportunity to get my camper ready for all of the big events com ing up in our area next month. The Suwannee Roots Revival will be going on in the middle of October, then there will be a Party in the Pines, and Suwannee Hu laween will close out the eventful month. The only thing better than seeing a live band perform for free is getting to see two live bands perform for free. That is exactly what the attendees at Saturdays Jam Band Night were treated to. The rst band to take the stage was Rusty Shine from Jacksonville. Most of the seats were taken, and there were a few people standing around and a few more on the dance oor in front of the stage. There were also some lighting effects and a large screen behind the performers that had various, interesting videos playing. Sometimes the screen made it seem like we were in outer space ying through the stars, at other times it felt like we were driving a go-cart through the forest. One of my favorite parts of Rusty Shines performance was when they played what they called truck-driving songs. Hearing Driving My Life Away, originally by Eddie Rabbitt, reminded me of my youth when I origi nally heard the song. Hearing East Bound and Down by Jerry Reed reminded me of the recent passing of Burt Reynolds. Rusty Shine did an excellent job playing both tunes. One of the guitarists would change from a guitar to a mandolin when playing bluegrass songs. Then, he would change back to a guitar for the blues and rock songs. Other highlights of Rusty Shines set were their renditions of All Along the Watchtower and Aint No Sunshine. By the time Valdostas Custard Pie took the stage, there were fewer people sitting down. The remaining crowd was standing up by the stage and by the bar. The band opened with a Black Sabbath song that morphed into Pink Floyds Time. I was instantly hooked. Cus tard Pie took us all on a musical journey that, when com bined with the moving images on the screen behind them, felt like we were moving through time and space. By the time Zach Deputy joined the band on stage it was nearly midnight. The crowd was smaller than earlier, but more enthusiastic. The people who left the show early missed an extend ed, extra-blues rendition of The Thrill is Gone origi nally by B.B. King. There was something magical about the collaboration of Zach with Custard Pie. It was my favorite song of the night. Shortly after that, the music stopped, and the house lights were turned on. The Jam was over, and we all had to get back to the real world outside. Eric lives in Suwannee County and is a public school educator. He is an independent contractor. You can reach him at miamistyle8@gmail.com. Opinion A PAGE 5 rfrfnftrbfbf ftfrrbfbf Jammin on the Suwannee Im thankful that increasing atten tion is being paid to the dire state of higher education in our country. Heather Mac Donald, a fellow at the Manhattan Institute, has just pub lished The Diversity Delusion. Its subtitle captures much of the books content: How Race and Gender Pandering Corrupt the University and Undermine Our Culture. Part of the gender pandering at our universi ties is seen in the effort to satisfy the diversity-obsessed National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health, each of which gives millions of dollars of grant money to uni versities. If universities dont make an effort to diversify their science, technology, engineering and math (known as STEM) programs, they risk losing millions in grant money. A UCLA scientist says, All across the country the big question now in STEM is: how can we promote more women and minorities by changing (i.e., lowering) the requirements we had previously set for graduate level study? Mac Donald says, Mathematical problem-solv ing is being deemphasized in favor of more qualitative group projects; the pace of undergraduate physics edu cation is being slowed down so that no one gets left be hind. Diversity-crazed people ignore the fact that there are systemic differences in race and sex that inuence various outcomes. Males outperform females at the highest levels of math; however, males are overrepresented at the lowest levels of math competence. In 2016, the number of males scoring above 700 on the math portion of the SAT was nearly twice as high as the number of females scoring above 700. There are 2.5 males in the U.S. in the top 0.01 percent of math ability for every female, according to the journal Intelligence (February 2018). In terms of careers, females are more people-centered than males. That might explain why females make up 75 percent of workers in health care-related elds but only 14 percent of engineering workers and 25 percent of computer workers. Nearly 82 percent of obstetrics and gynecology medical residents in 2016 were women. Mac Donald asks sarcastically, Is gynecology biased against males, or are females selecting where they want to work? The Diversity Delusion documents academic prac tices that fall just shy of lunacy at many universities. No where are these practices more unintelligent and harmful to their ostensible beneciaries than in university efforts to promote racial diversity. UC Berkeley and UCLA are the most competitive campuses in the University of Cal ifornia system. Before Proposition 209s ban on racial discrimination, the median SAT score of blacks and His panics at Berkeley was 250 points below that of whites and Asians. This difference was hard to miss in class. Re nowned Berkeley philosophy professor John Searle, who sees afrmative action as a disaster, said, They admitted people who could barely read. Dr. Thomas Sowell and others have discussed this problem of mismatching stu dents. Black and Hispanic students who might do well in a less competitive setting are recruited to highly competi tive universities and become failures. Black parents have no obligation to make academic liberals feel good about themselves by allowing them to turn their children into failures. Many readers know that I am a professor of economics at George Mason University. A few readers have asked me about Black Freshmen Orientation, held Aug. 25 and advertised as an opportunity for students to learn more about the black community at George Mason Uni versity. GMU is not alone in promoting separation in the name of diversity and inclusion. Harvard, Yale, UCLA and many other universities, including GMU, have black graduation ceremonies. Racial segregation goes beyond r Why do universities allow segregated activities? SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 The Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and Mayo Free Press welcomes letters from readers on matters of public interest, with the following guidelines: interest to the You can email letters to nf.editorial@ganews.com fax them to 386-364-5578 or mail them to: Letters to the Editor, Suwannee Democrat P.O. Box 370, Live Oak, FL 32064 To Submit Letters www.suwanneedemocrat.com Jeff Masters Publisher Follow us: facebook.com/suwanneedemocrat @suwanneedemocra (Twitter) Members of the Suwannee Democrat editorial board are Jeff Masters, Publisher, Monja Slater, Jamie Wachter Editor Monja Slater General Manager Suwannee Democrat The Jasper News Mayo Free Press SEE WHY, PAGE 10A When you open your newspaper next week, you will notice a few changes, possibly even a few new features. For starters, the paper will be thicker than it has been. It will contain more news, features, columns and information that readers in the Suwannee Valley want, need and will enjoy. For the readers of the Suwannee Democrat, most of the additions in the Wednesday edition will look familiar. The additions to the midweek paper will just be in a new location. With the change in print publication schedule, the items that have been staples in the weekend edition will now be viewed in the midweek edition instead. Eric Musgroves Remembering Suwannee col umn will still be available for a trip down memory lane. George Wills take on national issues will still be featured on our opinion pages. As will the Rant & Rave, Digital Dialog and Question of the Week. They will all just be part of the robust mid-week product. For our Jasper News and Mayo Free Press read ers, some of these features will be new. We hope and believe you will enjoy them. While Musgrove is the Suwannee County histo rian, his lessons will surely spark reminders of days gone by for all people across North Florida. Rant & Rave, Digital Dialog and the Question of the Week are additional ways to share your views with us and your fellow Suwannee Valley residents. Rant & Rave is just as the name implies. Its your chance to rant about a topic or send a rave someones way for a job well done. Its a ho tline available to you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. To take part, just call 386-208-8314. Or visit our website at suwanneedemocrat.com or naonline. com and scroll to the bottom to the submission forms and select Rant & Rave. Or email them to nf.editorial@ganews.com. All Rant & Rave submissions should be no more than 200 words or less than one minute for phone submissions. Digital Dialog is where we utilize online discus sion on the stories across the area to help spark fur ther discussion among our readers. And through the Question of the Week, we let readers simply share their opinion on a topic in the form of a vote. Our hope is youll enjoy these features and take advantage of them, becoming a part of the discus sion. You can also feel free to share your thoughts and suggestions with Editor Jamie Wachter at 386-3621734, ext. 131, or jamie.wachter@ganews.com. Changes coming next week

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 7A 148473-1 rfrfnttb r rf ntb DAIRY QUEEN OF LIVE OAK Live Oak Animal ClinicMeet our new owner Dr. Marie Leslie A Sister Clinic to Caring Hands Animal Hospital in Lake City rffnftb b We now have an online pharmacy!b t The Surrey Place therapy Pets Gizmo (dog) and Sebastian (cat) Surrey Place110 SE Lee Ave. Live Oak, FL 32060 (386) 364-5961 Veterinary HospitalFull Service Veterinary Care Grooming & BoardingRichard Barker, DVM www.allspringsvet.comLive Oak 386-364-1PET (1738) Wellborn 386-963-2411 148488-1 148490-1 317 E. Howard Street Live Oak, FL 32064(386) 362-4535www.townandcountrytireliveoak.com MAYO TOWN & COUNTRY ANIMAL HOSPITALLindsey Duane Jackson, D.V.M.974 E. MAIN www.MTACAH.com SMALL ANIMAL SERVICES BOARDING & GROOMINGCheck us out on Facebook YOU CANT BUYL VEBUT YOU CAN RESCUE IT Always looking for volunteers to help with the thrift shop rrfnrtbtrn tnnt nnfrRegister your pets at 10 am for a chance to win ribbons and trophies!Contests will begin at 11 am Refreshments and Baked Goods available!!For details or to be a Pet Show Sponsor Call 1-850-971-9904 or Email: suwanneevalley@embarqmail.comfnttnrnrnttn ntrnnnnrntrtnnt All proceeds from pet registration fees, & refreshment and baked gods sales go to the day to day running of the Suwannee Valley Humane Society ShelterfrrPet ShowCats and Dogs fnnnnrt rtrrnnn fnnn nbnrtrtrn n brnrntnnnrn nnnrrnntnrn rtnnnnrt rttnrn nrntnnn ntrr rtnn nnntnttt nrtnnn ttnrnnntnr rnrntnnntn trrr nnnr rntnnnttnrtn nrrnnrn nnnnnt nrnnntntr r trrtrntnn nnrtrtnt r nrtnnn nnnnrtrtr rnnntt SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 6A

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 8A Healthy Living Im too tired to exercise When it comes to excuses for why we dont exercise, the list is endless. The aver age American logs roughly 5,000 to 7,000 steps per day. However to benet our health, we should strive for at least 10,000 steps per day. Why is 10,000 steps such a magic num ber? This number was actually created by a pedometer company in the 1960s in Japan and then became adopted by walking clubs around the world. Later research determined that 10,000 steps was actually a good indica tor you were improving your health. Bottom line, the more we move, the better we feel. So why is it hard for us to make exer cise an important part of our day? When you look at the excuses folks give, it really comes down to these main three reasons: felt this way MANY days. Most of us have. What may surprise you though is exercise gives you MORE energy. As little as 20 minutes of exercise such as a walk every other day, will boost your energy levels. I can personally vouch for this. On days when I feel too tired to do much of anything but push through and exercise, my energy in creases and I can tick off my to do list. it. We all live extremely busy lives. We all feel squeezed by the number of things we need to accomplish in any given day. That said we ALL can squeeze out 20 to 30 min utes a day to exercise. Many tness classes are designed to be 30-45 minutes. The classes I teach are all 45 minutes or less. You dont need to spend HOURS exercis ing. Does the thought of driving back and forth to the gym alone tire you out? No wor ries. Exercise at home by taking a walk or playing with the kids. Keep it simple. of shape to exer cise. Good news for you! Moving forward on your tness jour ney begins with one step. If you are not happy with how you feel, start slow and build from that point. Instead of trying to get 10,000 steps the rst day you begin exercising, start with a few laps around your yard. Any exercise you do is moving you in the right direction. As you adjust to the increase in activity, add more distance, minutes, reps or whatever you are using as an indicator of how long you have exercised. Every day as you continue moving for ward in your tness journey, tell yourself good work. Too often we forget to praise ourselves and simply acknowledge that what we accomplished today, we didnt do yesterday. And remember when you reach your rst big goal, reward yourself with something tness related like a new exercise T-shirt in a smaller size or a glass water bot tle. You DESERVE it! Go you! To your health, Denise Denise Sanger is a certied tness instructor, Silver Sneakers Instructor, AMPD Kettlebell Instructor, licensed Zumba, STRONG by Zumba instructor, gentle ow yoga, teaches morning classes at Country Strong Health & Fitness. Denise may be reached at DeniseSanger. com, 386-292-6105 or denisesanger@ gmail.com. Who are some of your favorite people? If you made a list, it would likely include those who make you laugh, who listen when you need to talk and who are there when you need them. Some on the list stay constant while some may change. This past weekend, I attended my nephews wedding and felt so grateful to ofcially add his new wife to this list! As you can guess, my grandkids have a secure spot at the top of this list, as do my kids. And I have to laugh at how many times during 30 years of marriage my husbands name has been temporarily erased, and then quickly added back to this list! The word favor is one that will become important to us as we see God use it to car ry out His purposes for Esthers life. Last week, we left King Ahasuerus in a bad mood, having just sent Queen Vashti per manently out of his presence. Eventually, the King becomes lonely and those around him suggested it may be time to nd a new queen. So, Persia implemented its own archaic version of The Bachelor. This is the circumstance that allows us to meet Es ther. After bringing all the beautiful virgins in the land to the palace, a year-long beau ty regime began. According to verse 8, Es ther was one of the young women taken to the Kings palace. Prior verses tell us that she had a beautiful gure and was lovely to look at, and that she was an orphan, be ing raised by her cousin Mordecai. Esther was placed under the custody of Hegai, who was in charge of the women. Here in verse 9 we nd the rst mention of favor: And the young woman pleased him and won his favor. Verse 15 contains the second mention: Now Esther was win ning favor in the eyes of all who saw her. Finally, in verse 17, we nd that the king loved Esther more than all the women and she won grace and favor in his sight more than all the virgins, so that he set a royal crown on her head and made her queen instead of Vashti. Notice that all of these verses indicate that Esther won favor. Often in Scripture we see the phrase, found favor, but this offers a different perspective. Winning favor implies an activeness on her part. In other words, winning favor is something she was doing rather than something that was done to her. If we look at the big pic ture, something had to stand out about Esther beyond her physical appearance. After all, all the beauties in the land were gathered in the same place! What was so special about Esther? Scripture identies a few things for us: she was obedient to Mordecai (vs 10). This implies that she was not rebellious and thankful for all he had provided for her. She also sought Hegais advice about what to take with her to the King (vs 15). This suggests that she was not wise in her own eyes (Proverbs 3:7) but humbly sought his counsel. These two verses tell us plenty about our girl Esther: she re spected authority, had a grateful attitude, wasnt a know-it-all and possessed some people skills. This is good news for those of us who would like to nd favor with others: all of these skills can be developed! We can ask God to help us not only nd fa vor with others, but also to get better at gaining favor by offering respect and treating others with kindness and humil ity. Practicing our manners and brushing up on our people skills are sure to honor God in our lives as He uses us to point people toward His Son. And who knows but that we may nd our names on a few favorites lists along the way? Because every heart matters! Blessings, Angie Heart Matters is a weekly column written by Angie Land, Director of the Family Life Ministries of the Lafayette Baptist Association, where she teaches Bible studies, leads marriage and family conferences and offers Biblical counseling to individuals, couples and families. Contact Angie with questions or comments at landangie4@gmail.com. Heart Matters Our behavior can help with winning favor rffntbff ffbftnb fttbftnb fft ffrfrf ftbtnb rfntbtbtn ttfnfft rfrffrt fb trf rff frttffrrf fnfftf trrfnf frbfft 148864-1 TOWN OF JENNINGS, FLORIDABUDGET SUMMARY GENERAL FUND SPECIAL REVENUE FUND TOTAL ESTIMATED REVENUES TAXES MILLAGES Ad Valorem 4.9000 $59,318.00 $59,318.00 Cash On Hand 115,000.00 $35,300.00 150,300.00 Franchise Taxes 51,417.00 .00 51,417.00 LIcenses & Permits 800.00 .00 800.00 Intergovernmental Revenue 167,900.00 $230,000.00 397,900.00 Charges For Services 300.00 .00 300.00 Fines & Forfeiture 30,000.00 .00 30,000.00 Miscellaneous Revenue 14,460.00 4,700.00 19,160.00 Transfer In 0.00 18,000.00 18,000.00 TOTAL REV. & FIN. SOURCES $439,195.00 $288,000.00 $727,195.00 TOTAL ESTIMATED REV. AND BALANCES $439,195.00 $288,000.00 $727,195.00 EXPENDITURES/EXPENSES General Governmental Services $246,220.00 .00 $246,220.00 Public Safety 174,975.00 .00 174,975.00 Roads & Streets .00 $265,700.00 265,700.00 Capital Improvements .00 .00 .00 Transfer Out 18,000.00 .00 18,000.00 TOTAL EXPENDITURES/EXPENSES $439,195.00 $265,700.00 $704,895.00 RESERVES .00 22,300.00 22,300.00 TOTAL APP. EXPEND. AND RESERVES $439,195.00 $288,000.00 $727,195.00 Pat Gaylord benet dinner, silent auction to be held Oct. 6 WELLBORN Born and raised Wellborn resi dent, Pat Gaylord, has been diagnosed with Lymphoma cancer and will have a stem cell transplant. A benet dinner and silent auction is being held to help cover both medical and incidental expenses. The dinner will be held on Oct. 6 from 11 a.m. until 3 p.m. (with the silent auction ending at 2:30 p.m.) at Well born Baptist Church off of Hwy. 90 West. The dinner menu consists of chicken pilau, green beans, coleslaw, bread and a dessert. Tickets will be sold in ad vance or at the door. Guests may sit to eat dinner or take it to go. For additional infor mation, to purchase tickets, or for those who are unable to attend but are interested in making a contribution, please contact Andrea Smith at 386-303-2666; Gaylene Connell at 386-623-3205; Lisa Gardner at 386-3650528 or Polly Murray at 386-344-2884.

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 9A Swift Creek Church is having their annualSeptember 30, 2018 With Guest Speaker Rev. Randy Ogburn and a covered luncheon to follow service. HOMECOMING 144211-1 149293-1September 27, 2018 Town of Jennings 1199 Hamilton A venue Jennings, Florida 32053 (386)938-4131 These notices shall satisfy two separate but related procedural requirements for activities to be undertaken by the Town of Jennings. REQUEST FOR RELEASE OF FUNDS On or about October 15, 2018, the Town of Jennings will submit a request to the Florida Department of Economic Opportunity (DEO) for the release of Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds under Title I of the Housing and Community Development (HCD) Act of 1974, as amended, to undertake a project to provide infrastructure improvements throughout a single service area. The proposed project includes the rehabilitation of the existing Water Treatment Plant (WTP) facility, located at 1144 Florida Street, and Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) facility, located at 1045 Berry Street Extension. At the WTP facility, the town is proposing to replace the existing 25,000 gallon aeration tank, install a new pump, and upgrade electrical components. At the WWTP facility, the town is proposing to install fencing around spray eld and facility, install a generator for emergency power back up, replace the manual spray eld valves with automatic valves with control box and associated components. Estimated funding includes $600,000 through the CDBG Program. FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT The Town of Jennings has determined that the project will have no signicant impact on the human environment. Therefore, an Environmental Impact Statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) is not required. Additional project information is contained in the Environmental Review Record (ERR) on le at Jennings Town Hall, 1199 Hamilton Avenue, Jennings, Florida 32053. The ERR may be examined or copied during normal operating hours, Monday through Friday between 8:00 AM and 5:00 PM. PUBLIC COMMENTS Any individual, group, or agency may submit written comments on the ERR to the Town of Jennings, 1199 Hamilton Avenue, Jennings, Florida 32053. All comments must be received on or before October 12, 2018. Comments will be considered prior to the Town of Jennings requesting a release of funds. Comments should specify which notice they are addressing. RELEASE OF FUNDS The Town of Jennings certies to DEO and HUD that John Prine in his capacity as Mayor consents to accept the jurisdiction of the Federal Courts if an action is brought to enforce responsibilities in relation to the environmental review process and that these responsibilities have been satised. DEOs approval of the certication satises its responsibilities under NEPA and related laws and authorities and allows the Town of Jennings to use the CDBG funds. OBJECTIONS TO RELEASE OF FUNDS DEO will accept objections to its release of funds and the Town of Jennings certication for a period of fteen days following the anticipated submission date or its actual receipt of the request (whichever is later) only if they are on one of the following bases: (a) the certication was not executed by the Certifying Ofcer of the Town of Jennings; (b) the Town of Jennings has omitted a step or failed to make a decision or nding required by HUD regulations at 24 CFR Part 58; (c) the grant recipient has committed funds or incurred costs not authorized by 24 CFR Part 58 before approval of a release of funds by DEO; or ( d) another Federal agency acting pursuant to 40 CFR Part 1504 has submitted a written nding that the project is unsatisfactory from the standpoint of environmental quality. Objections must be prepared and submitted in accordance with the required procedures at 24 CFR Part 58, Sec. 58.76 and shall be addressed to the Florida Department of Economic Opportunity, CDBG Program, MSC-400, 107 East Madison Street, Tallahassee, FL 32399-6508. Potential objectors should contact the Town of Jennings to verify the actual last day of the objection period. John Prine, Mayor, Jennings Town CouncilCONCURRENT NOTICE NOTICE OF FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT AND NOTICE OF INTENT TO REQUEST RELEASE OF FUNDS OBITUARIES rrf rfnt nbffr rfftf rrffff ffrf bfrrr frf frfftfffrff rftfftt f fffff rr rfntbt rr fn ftb bbf n f bt rr bfrn r btf rtbtbn rrrt fn f bfbrtb fbnf rtf bnnffr fnt nrbnnf bff nnnbf rff ft rf fr rrfnfr brb b brt fbn rrf nrt nfrfr brtnf ffrrf nnn frnn tfb t bnrn ffrrrn fn ntnnf nfnf frrnt rff fntff fnrnf nft nff bfn ffffnr nr ft nffrr rr nbrr nfn fnt fnn rnrtn frnfnr fnr f rnfr nbf t nn rnnntfn rn trfb fnrfn rnnnnb fbnt bfnn nf ffrnrnr ntnnbrb fbnbt nnfbfnf rrrrnb rrnbr rbt It is with great sadness that the family of Peggy Bass Mus grove announces her passing after a brief illness, on Friday, September 21, 2018, at the age of 75 years. Peggy will be lovingly remembered by her husband and best friend of 54 years: Walter (Musky) and her children: Me gan (Travis) and Walt. Peggy will also be fondly remembered by her 6 grandchildren: Isaac, Aislinn, Tyson, Whitton, John Harper, and Landry; by her sister: Claudia Rose Bass. Peggy was predeceased by her sister: Mary Nancee Bass McMillan. A native of Live Oak, Peggy attended Suwannee High School and graduated as Salutatorian. She later graduated from Florida State University with a Bachelor in Education. In 1965, she began her career as an Elementary teacher with Suwannee County schools where she taught for 43 years. Although owers and working in her yard were Peggys hobbies, she was a master gardener when it came to her stu dents and her family. She will be best remembered for the lives she impacted as she planted seeds, fertilized and pruned our communitys youth. Known to everyone as Pepper, her zest for her grandchildren was evident. Teaching bible verses, helping with homework and cheering from the stands was routine for Pepper as her grandchildren were her life. A Visitation will be held in memory of Peggy on Monday, September 24, from 5-7 p.m., at Daniels Funeral Home, 1126 Ohio Ave N., Live Oak, FL 32064. A Funeral Service in celebration of Peggys life will be held Tuesday, September 25, at 10 a.m. at the First Baptist Church of Live Oak, 401 W. Howard St., Live Oak, FL 32064. Interment will follow at Macedonia Cemetery. Please sign the guestbook at www.danielsfuneralhome.com. Daniels Funeral Homes & Crematory, Inc., Live Oak & Branford, FL in charge of arrangements. Peggy Bass Musgrove Sep. 21, 2018 Charlotte Frier Brooker, age 82, of Live Oak, FL. passed away Sunday, September 23, 2018 at Shands UF in Gainesville, FL. She was born in Mayo, FL living most of her life in Live Oak. She worked as a manager for McCory Department Store and was a member of the First Advent Christian Church. Charlotte loved to sew and cook. She is survived by her husband, Fred Brooker, Jr., Live Oak; one son, Fred Brooker, III, Gainesville, FL; two daughters, Karen Brooker and Patricia (Frank) Soja, all of Jacksonville, FL; two brothers, B.J. Frier, Jacksonville, FL and J.C. Frier, Chesapeake, VA; two sisters, Geneva Parmalee and Eleanor Bales both of Jacksonville, FL. Funeral services will be held, 10:30 AM Thursday, Septem ber 27, 2018 at the graveside in the Live Oak Cemetery with Rev. Tim Carver ofciating. Harris Funeral Home & Cremations, Inc., Live Oak, FL is in charge of all arrangements. Charlotte Frier Brooker Apr. 3, 1936 Sep. 23, 2018 LIVE OAK Two rather new bands to the Spirit of the Suwannee Music Park will be re turning to the Music Hall this weekend. Playing at the Music Park for just the second time will be Fair Game and Lizz Faith and Ma mas Kin. On Friday, Fair Game Band takes the Music Hall Stage for the sec ond time with its great band. Fair Game is de scribed as one of the most dynamic and energy driven bands. Based in Gainesville and traveling throughout Florida and South Georgia playing classic Southern rock, R&B, country and more, Fair Game is sure to get the audience out on the dance floor. Formed last year, all members are experienced musicians who are passionate about entertaining. Lizz Faith and Ma mas Kin is a 5-piece band from Ellaville, Ga., which plays a variety of country classic, rock and some oldies. Members are Lizz Faith, Ronnie Streetman, Greg Street man, Preston Streetman and Dean Bennett. This band has 25 years per formance experience and has performed at Angel City, Toadlick Festival, Gulf Coast Jam and En core Music Festival just to name a few. Band members know how to put on an exciting show and are eager to entertain Saturday in the Music Hall. Doors to the Music Hall open at 6 p.m. for dinner Friday and Sat urday. Music begins at 8 p.m. both nights. Free admission both nights. Fair Game and Lizz Faith and Mamas Kin bands set to perform at SOSMP rfnrtbrb View obituaries online at http://obituaries.suwanneedemocrat.com/

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 10A Suwannee Democrat 149141-1 graduation ceremonies. Cal State Los Angeles, the University of Connecticut, UC Davis and UC Berke ley, among others, offer racially segregated housing for black students. University administrators and faculty members who cave to the demands for ra cially segregated activities have lost their moral moor ing, not to mention com mon sense. Im sure that if white students demanded a whites-only dormitory or whites-only graduation ceremonies, the university community would be out raged. Some weak-minded administrators might make the argument that having black-only activities and facilities is welcoming and might make black students feel more comfortable. Im wondering whether they Continued From Page 5A Why would also support calls by either white or black stu dents for separate (themed) bathrooms and water foun tains. Walter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Mason University. To nd out more about Walter E. Williams and read features by other Cre ators Syndicate writers and cartoonists, visit the Cre ators Syndicate webpage at www.creators.com. the Vietnam War. During his military ser vice, Ford was awarded two Silver Star Medals (1st Oak Leaf Cluster), Bronze Star Medal, Purple Heart Medal, U.S. Army Air Medal (20 awards), U.S. Army Commendation Med al, Presidential Unit Cita tion, Vietnam Campaign Medal, Vietnam Service Medal (with two Bronze Service Stars), National Defense Medal, U.S. Army Good Conduct Medal, an Expert Infantry Badge, Combat Infantry Badge, U.S. Army Parachutist Badge, Republic of Viet nam Gallantry Cross with Palm Unit Citation, Viet namese Parachutist Badge, U.S. Army Aviators Badge and the Special Forces Tab. He didnt know what lay ahead, Command Chief Master Sgt. Craig Deatherage, U.S. Air Force retired and the Military and VA liaison for U.S. Repre sentative Neal Dunn, said about Fords enlisting in the Army. He didnt know he would become the highest decorated veteran from Suwannee County. He didnt know that he would die in service to his nation. But he knew those things were possible. And yet he stepped forward and accepted the mantle of responsibility of a commis sion in the United States Army. He accepted the responsibility of an ofcer and he comported himself with great honor and digni ty. And we honor that and were grateful for that and were grateful for the Ford family in sharing him with the nation. The truth of the matter is his life and his death is proof that the American esh is vulnerable but the American spirit is indom itable. We can not fail because we have men and women like Captain Ford in our midst. Ford was the 12th of 15 children born to the late Rev. Sidney and Alice Ford, growing up in Dowl ing Park before graduating with honors from Douglass High School in 1962. He then enlisted in the Army and preceded to move up the ranks. Theres no doubt hes worthy of this special honor, said his brother Command Master Sgt. Ozell Ford, U.S. Army retired. And not just by those of us here today, but by every American citizen, all across this land, from sea to shining sea. For in his youth and strength, his love and loyalty, he gave to this country all that mortal ity has to give. And when you consider his dogged persistence in the accom plishment of admissions, his courage under re and his modesty in victory, you know that he belongs to history as furnishing one of the greatest examples of genuine patriotism. He fought because he had faith in what Ameri ca could become. And in doing so, he helped hasten the day where we can all stand and proudly sing, My country tis of thee, Sweet land of liberty, Of thee I sing; Land where my fathers died, Land of the pilgrims pride, From every mountainside Let freedom ring! This was surely his battle cry. Those heroics and all those medals, which have made him the highest dec orated native Suwannee County service member, led to the event Sept. 19 where Fords four sisters Alice Nelson, Shellie Brown, Ruby Giles and Dorothy Nelson uncovered the marker in the park. Sept. 19 was also Cap tain Charley Ford Day in the City of Live Oak as declared in a proclamation from Mayor Frank Davis. It would have been Fords 74th birthday. Its a solemn event, but also a celebratory event, Davis told those in atten dance. Due to the recog nition of a great American hero, a native son of Su wannee County and a man who gave his life for his nation. And according to his daughter Darlene Gale Reliford, the ceremony proved that even after near ly 50 years, her father was present as well. This is the day my father will get the honor and recognition he so de serves, Reliford said. All of these medals and things amount to nothing compared to his father hood. My father, Captain Charley James Ford, is alive here today. Continued From Page 1A Captain Jean Steinshouser, Bill and Eli Perras, Jeff Klinken berg and Patricia Hines Mitchell. Adams is a professional storyteller, who nds joy in bringing those stories to audiences all across the southeast. Adams also is a professional puppeteer that takes the audience on a journey of imagination, inspiration and edication. Frattino was born and raised in Gainesville and after graduating from the Savannah College of Art and Design is pursuing a masters degree in ne arts at the University of Flori da. Frattino also is passion ate about the paranormal, conducting more than 50 haunting investigations along the east coast and has served as a consultant for the SyFy channels Ghosthunters. He serves as a guide for ghost tours in Savannah. A seventh-generation Suwannee Countian, Mus grove has been intrigued by history as long as he can remember, planning to become a history teacher after earning a general history degree from Faulk ner University. However, with no history teaching positions open at the time, Musgrove accepted a job as the Suwannee County Deputy Clerk with duties that include historian, pur chasing and records man agement. Steinhousers nearly 30 years as a performer have included portraying the likes of Laura Ingalls Wilder, Sarah Orne Jewett, Harriet Beecher Stowe and Marjory Stoneman Doug las. She also has worked as a Fellow in Florida Studies at the University of South Florida, which included research and writing The Florida Journeys, a book about 10 authors and their relationships with the Land of Flowers. Bill and Eli Perras are regulars at many Florida folk music venues and festivals featuring Elis inspired lyrics and Bills bluesy nger-style guitar picking. Klinkenberg wrote about Florida culture for nearly four decades for the Tam pa Bay Times, winning the Lifetime Achievement for Writing Award this year from the Florida Humanities Council. A member of the UF Jour nalism Colleges Hall of Fame, Klinkenberg started Continued From Page 1A Inaugural received approval from the Suwannee County Parks and Recreation. It was nerve-wracking, Schenauer said of the pro cess. I was really set on doing this and it helped me build condence in my self. Schenauer was able to fund the project through material donations and a few monetary donations. The ga-ga ball pit is now complete and ready for park-goers. It is a huge stress re liever to have the project done so I can now focus on getting ready for my interview, Schenauer said. I am excited to see people using it. Schenauer will have an interview with the Boy Scouts of America Board to determine whether he is ap proved as an Eagle Scout. The main reason I wanted to become an Eagle Scout is because it will help me in the long run, Schenauer said. Continued From Page 1A Schenauer working at the Times in 1977. Hes won awards from national Society for Features Journalism and a Green Eyeshade Award for best feature writing in any Southern newspaper. He twice has won the Paul Hansell Distinguished Journalism Award, the highest award in state journalism, and received a Florida Heritage Award this year from the Secre tary of State. Mitchell is a Live Oak native who grew up on the family farm her greatgreat-great grandfather purchased. Christmas Hemming was born in the early 1800s and lived most of his life as a slave before coming to Suwan nee County after the Civil War and bought 640 acres for $1100. Mitchell has spent the past few years researching her fascinating ancestor and will share his story at the festival. On Friday, Adams will present at 7 p.m. with Frattino at 7:30 p.m. and Musgrove at 8:30 p.m. Sat urdays featured presenters begin with Adams at 10 a.m., followed by Stein houser at 10:45 a.m., the Perras at 11:45 a.m. (and again at 5 p.m.), Klinken berg at 1:15 p.m., Mitchell at 2:15 p.m., Adams once again at 3:15 p.m. and Musgrove at 4 p.m. The festival is hosted by the Suwannee River Regional Library, which received grant funding from the Suwannee Coun ty Tourism Development Council, Florida Depart ment of State Library Ser vices and Technology Act and the Florida Humanities Council. For more information, please contact the librarys Youth Services Department at 386-364-3479. He wants to join the Air Force after high school to become a pilot. Schenauer would like to thank his sponsors: Tractor Supply Company (Live Oak and Lake City), W.B. Howland, Gordon Tractor Inc., Ag-Pro Companies, Southern States Farmers Coop, Home Depot (Lake City), First Federal Savings Bank of Florida, Cutting Edge Tile & More LLC, McAlpin Custom Services, Tint Solutions, Beavers Dump Truck Services and Suwannee Parks and Rec reation. rf n trbrt trrfrbrrt LOOKING FOR WANT TO PLACE AN AD?For Employment, Call: 800-600-4838 For Other Classieds, Call: 386-362-1734 x102Check Out Our Classied Ads in the B Section of this Edition.133875-1

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 11A Life in White Springs Whos in charge of your town? Ill ask the question of White Springs, but it could just as easily be asked of Jasper, Jennings, Live Oak, Branford, Mayo. OK, I think you get the gist of it. Whos in charge of White Springs? The answer should be, White Springs! Through whatever form of government the people have chosen, each town makes its own local decisions, or at least thats the way it should be. Usually I mind my own business and write about local happenings and issues, but in this weeks column Im going to meddle in the Florida State Leg islatures bidness because, increasingly and wrongly, they are meddling in ours, and we dont need the state to make local decisions. Its time to talk about HOME RULE. What is Home Rule? Home Rule is all about local control and decision making, citizen involvement, self-government, and local solutions for unique local problems and local needs. Home Rule is included in the Florida Constitution and was imple mented by the state Legislature in 1973, and basically what it says is that the state shouldnt be in the business of handling local decisions. Thats why we have city councils and county commissions that are elected by local voters. According to the Florida League of Cities, Home Rule authorizes the gov ernmental, corporate and proprietary powers necessary to conduct municipal government, perform municipal functions, and render municipal services. At its core, Home Rule is demonstrated by the level of services provided within a municipality and, to a much lesser extent, by exercis es of regulatory power. Citizens in cities expect various municipal services: water, sewer, garbage collection, storm water sys tems, roads, sidewalks, re protection, law enforcement, parks and recreation. Citizens also expect municipal ofcials to exercise regulatory powers when necessary to pro tect public health, safety and community standards specic to the municipality in which they choose to live. These expecta tions cannot be met if municipal ofcials do not have the authority to respond to local needs and preferences, or to address them in a timely manner. So, whats the threat? Little by little the state legislature is seeking more control, or total control, over some local issues that have traditionally been handled on a local basis. Some of the more notable of the attempted power grabs are considerations such as Tree Trimming and Removal, Affordable Housing Impact Fees, Travel Restrictions on Local Municipal Ofcials, Election Dates for Local Elections, Abol ishing Local Regulations on Vacation Rentals, Control of aspects of Local Eco nomic Development Agencies and Tourist Development Agencies. Yes, these are all items that need regulation Locally! You dont want some big city elected legislators tell ing Live Oak what to do with its Live Oaks, do you? They dont have a clue. You dont want Tallahassee to control vacation rentals in your small towns historic district do you? They dont have a clue. You dont want the State Leg islature to tell you when to hold your local elections, do you? They can ask us, they can make suggestions, but they shouldnt be able to tell us! Do you want the State Legislature placing requirements and restrictions on our local economic devel opment and tourism development? What works for Miami and Orlando may not be in the best interests of White Springs and Branford. They shouldnt make our local decisions, We should! This is serious folks. Some characterize whats happening as a full frontal assault on our Home Rule, some say its a sneak attack that just takes a little control at a time. Either way, if we dont ght it, we lose. We lose our capability to effectively govern ourselves on a local level, we lose our ability to meet local needs with local solutions, and we lose our effectiveness, a good bit of our independence, our charac ter and our community soul. The state shouldnt be in the business of handling local decisions. Thats why we have city councils and county commissions that are elected by local voters. We can make our own decisions and we can decide on the structure of our local governments. We dont need the states legislature or constitutional review board to help us with that. And then there is the huge slate of con stitutional amendments that are on the ballot this November, many of which will weaken home rule. Lets take a look at two of them. Amendment #1; supports exempt ing the portion of assessed home values be tween $100,000 and $125,000 from prop erty taxes other than school taxes, bringing the maximum homestead exemption up to $75,000. If passed, Amendment 1 is ex pected to cost municipalities, counties and special districts $644.7 million per year. Amendment 1 isnt what it seems. The politicians call it a tax break, but its really a tax shift that will leave millions of hard working homeowners with a bigger share of the property tax burden. Amendment #10; prohibit counties from abolishing cer tain local ofces sheriff, tax collector, property appraiser, supervisor of elections and clerk of circuit court and requiring elections for these ofces. Amendment 10 would remove authority for a county char ter or a special law to provide for choosing specied county ofcers in a manner other than election. Counties and their citizens should decide, not the State! Vote in formed and protect Home Rule! So, enough of that, lets get back to what this column is all about, Life in White Springs and whats happening here and in the nearby region. In Live Oak, the Su wannee River Regional Library is hosting the rst North Florida Heritage Festival: Storytelling, the Arts and History, which will be held at Heritage Park and Gardens, 1004 SE Helvenston Street SE in Live Oak this weekend, Sept. 28-29. Ghost Stories will be told on the back porch of the house Friday, Sept. 28. There is a social from 6-7 p.m. and the ghost stories are from 7-10 p.m. and its free admission. Bring your blanket and chairs and enjoy stories of ghosts and haunts of Florida and beyond. Storytellers are Katie Adams, Andre R. Frattino and Eric Musgrove. The presenters will be followed by an open mic, a chance for others to share their own spooky tales. Saturday, Sept. 29, the park will be open from 9 a.m.-6 p.m. and will feature the Suwannee Elementary School Chorus, Ka tie Adams, Bill and Eli Perras, Betty Jean Steinhouser, Eric Musgrove, Patricia Hines Mitchell, Jeff Klinkenberg, Open Mic Sto rytelling, Crafts for kids, Art & Craft Ven dors, Authors & Artists, Music, a Petting Zoo, Craft Demonstrators and much more! For more information call 386-362-2317. Back in White Springs, I will remind you that Stephen Foster State Parks Art in the Park, one of the regions best showings of quality arts and crafts vendors, complete with an amazing array of food vendors, demonstrations and workshops is coming up in one month, on Saturday, Oct. 6, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Its a wonderful, family friendly adventure that features more than 40 high quality craft vendors. Food vendors will feature Hot Dogs, Net tles Sausage, Bakery items, Philly Cheese Steak, Grilled Corn and Ice Cream. There will be art and craft demonstrations such as Make and take a bird house with Ranger Jeff Niehaus and Learn to play an in strument with Jesse Lamb. There will be free craft projects for the kids, and youll get to visit with Henry Duggan III, author of Silvers Odyssey, a novel of survival in 17th century Spanish Colonial Florida from the shipwrecked Atocha galleon. As icing on the cake, The Gainesville Civic Chorus Chamber Singers will be perform ing Made in America (North and South) in the amazing acoustics of the carillon tower at 1 p.m. Admission is only $5 per vehicle for up to seven people. Put this on your calendar! For more information, please call the Thelma Boltin Gift Shop at 386-397-1920. Dont forget that on Saturday, Oct. 27, Big Shoals State Park is hosting this years Pumpkin Festival, a free entry event featur ing pumpkin bowling, face painting, pump kin decorating, a treasure chest with prizes and a hayride through the woods. There will be a costume parade at 5 p.m. and an award ceremony at 5:30 p.m. for costumes and for pumpkin decorating!Please bring a pumpkin for each child that wants to decorate a pumpkin. Call 386-397-2733 for more information. Quilters and Fiber artists and aciona dos! Youre invited to join us at the 30th Annual Stephen Foster Quilt Show and Sale, this Oct. 19-21, 2018, at Stephen Fos ter Folk Culture Center State Park in White Springs. Quilts of all shapes and sizes us ing both traditional and modern techniques will be on display and there will be lots more information in next weeks column. In the meantime, while youre waiting for the White Springs Stephen Foster Quilt show, you might want to check out The Fiber Art Bee, a special interest group of textile artists who are featured in a special exhibit at the Florida Quilt Museum in Trenton. This exhibit will be available for viewing through Dec. 25. This inspired collection features unusual techniques like rust and ice dyeing, hand-dyeing, stencil ing and stamping, digital imagery, surface design techniques and unique materials which contribute to the creativity of the exhibit. Make a day of it and come see the show, have lunch at the Suwannee Rose Caf and shop with friends at the Suwan nee Valley Quilt Shop. The Florida Quilt Museum is open Monday through Saturday 10 a.m. p.m. If you are planning an event, let Life in White Springs help. Were always glad to hear about goings on in the community and will be glad to share anything that is appropriate for this column. I am thankful that we truly are all connected, and I hope that we can continue to feel proud of who we are and where were headed, and that we all appreciate that White Springs and its surrounding region is a very special place, to be honored and protected. As always, I look forward to seeing you out and about, enjoying your community and your life in White Springs. Walter McKenzie 386-303-1394 lifeinwhitesprings@gmail.com Whos in charge of White Springs? Around the Banks When even cemeteries were segregated If you are silent about your pain, theyll kill you and say you enjoyed it. Zora Neale Hurston I have expressed any number of times that even Eden had shadows. I will cel ebrate my 60th birthday on Oct. 7, 2018, and that is a senior citizen for members of my family. Unlike many others, I am not going to run until my tongue hangs out nor live on arugula and wheat germ. I hope when I go I have grease on my breath, and a smile on my face. I have a story I am going to relate in this article today, and, as I relate it, let me emphasize that this is oral history passed down, but it was passed down by some credible sources, and it happened before I was born in my hometown in White Springs, Florida. Now, the larger world, through the years has maligned and utilized the Ruby McCollum-Dr. Adams story as a story that denes who certain individuals are as a people. Theres always more than one side of a story and sometimes more than one side. The historic Adams Brothers Store in White Springs, Florida, was operated for close to a hundred years as a general store. It sold everything from ten penny nails to cofns. It operated largely during a time when racial segregation was the practice in the Deep South. African Amer icans and whites drank from separate wa ter fountains, attended separate schools, sat in separate waiting rooms at doctors ofce, even sat in separate sections of movie theaters. Ev erything was done sep arately and, yet, during this period of time several generations of white children were raised by black wom en and several gener ations of white families ate food prepared by black hands. In White Springs, the late Mr. Nathan iel Nat Adams, a bachelor, who died in 1937, employed an African American man named Bob Houston. Bob Houston spent so much time with Mr. Adams and doing jobs for the Adams family that he was called Bob Adams by many folks. Mr. Nat was a shrewd businessman, and it was his wish that his longtime employee, Bob Houston, be buried next to him in the Adams family plot at Riverside Cemetery in White Springs, Florida. The land on which Riverside is situated was given, the majority of it, by the Adams Family and the street on which it is situated is Adams Memorial Drive. Mr. Adams died in 1937, and he lived a long life. Not long after his death, Bob Houston passed away and was buried, according to Mr. Adams wish next to him in the Adams family plot at River rf side Cemetery. Bob Houston rested in the sandy soil at Riverside for less than 24 hours. According to local stories, the Adams-Saunders family was sent a message and the message let them know that unless Bob Houston was moved from Riverside Cemetery over to the African American cemetery that citizens would exhume his body and lay it on the front porch of Sophie Jane Broward House. The family was supposedly also warned about the dangers of re and how so much of what they owned was built out of pine lumber. Bob Houston was moved to Eastside Memorial Cemetery and was not allowed to rest by Mr. Nathaniel Adams. This story could have happened any where in the Deep South, but it happened in White Springs, Florida. It is also told that the Adams family had the last laugh. Many locals wanted them to deed what is now Eastside Me morial to the white community for a por tion of their cemetery. The cemetery is shaded with ancient moss festooned live oak trees. It is scenic and breathtakingly beautiful. The white folks didnt get that property. The Adams family saw to it that the African American community was deeded that property supposedly because of the attitude of some citizens about the burial of Robert Bob Houston Adams. Now, how much of this story is true, I dont know. I would say a good bit of it. I do know that White Springs, Floridas city cemeteries are a clear picture of a South that exists even today. On one side, the white citizens of the town rest in peace and across the fence under the huge and beautiful oak trees rest many of the towns African American citizens. I do not write this story to incite any more racial polarization than already ex ists. There are people who will blame all the troubles of their life on someone or something else; they need to get over it. You cant change the past, but you can change your present and your future. Rac ism does not walk one side of the street. It walks both sides of the street, and it is reprehensible for any group or individual to hate someone else because of their skin color. Decent people should be treated de cently, and respect should win respect. From the Eight Mile Still on the Wood pecker Route north of White Springs, wishing you a day lled with joy, peace, and, above all, lots of love and laughter.

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Lightweight handheld blower just 7.3 lbs. with AK 20 battery Johns Lawn Equipment 386-362-5020 139910-1 State & Region FDA opioid safety program fails public rrfn InvestigateTV The Food and Drug Administration knew for years rogue doctors were wrongly prescribing the most potent opioids on the market by subverting the agencys oversight program. Yet the FDA accepted the word of pharmaceutical com panies administering the program that they were policing the doctors. But they werent, and patients died. More than 4,000 documents, obtained by InvestigateTV through Freedom of Information Act requests, paint a picture of lax oversight and missed opportunities to clamp down on the fentanyl class of opioid prescription abuses. The records show the FDA knew the dangerous drugs intended only for cancer patients in overwhelming pain were also prescribed by the doctors for non-cancer patients. The FDA ceded virtually all risk evaluation and mitigation control of the oversight program to the drugmakers of trans mucosal immediate-release fentanyl (TIRF) opioids with the narcotic strength 100 times that of morphine. The drugmakers, in turn, failed to ban doctors with repeat ed violations from prescribing the drugs, the records show. One doctor continued in the program even after he was indict ed by a federal grand jury for health care fraud and distribut ing controlled substances. The oversight program known as TIRF-REM was created by the FDA in 2012 to add an extra level of safety protection for use of fentanyl drugs because of the high risk of abuse, misuse and overdose. Doctors were required to take an exam about the restricted use of TIFR drugs; patients had to sign a form stating the risks associated with the drugs and that they were intended only for adult cancer patients already tolerant to less powerful opioids for their pain. Documents and interviews show the FDA for years took a hands-off regu latory approach, relying instead on the drugmakers to enforce the protocols of the safety program. This lax enforcement had conse quences: the majority of patients pre scribed the potent fentanyl drugs didnt qualify and some of them died. But the drugmakers prospered from sales of the high-priced drugs. I really dont know how Big Pharma got involved in a program meant to control Big Pharma, said Bill Renton, a former agent with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Unheeded warnings Stephanie Lopez had a litany of serious health ailments: traumatic brain injury, chronic obstructive pulmonary disor der, sleep apnea and complex regional pain syndrome. What she didnt have was cancer. Even so, Dr. Gavin Awerbuch of Saginaw, Michigan, prescribed her one of the most potent opioids on the market the fentanyl spray Subsys, restricted to patients with severe cancer-related pain. Awerbuch began prescribing Subsys to his patients al most as soon as it hit the market in 2012. The drug industry overseers, who were supposed to watch for abuses among prescribers, knew he was a problem by March 2013, FDA records show. That month Awerbuch failed to le the required paperwork for 62 patients, meaning those people received fast-acting fentanyl without the signed consent forms stating they under stood the risks and were opioid-tolerant cancer patients. TIRF drug safety protocols require a warning letter if a doctor fails to le ve patient forms. According to the re cords, Awerbuch didnt receive the rst warning until the industry oversight group discovered it was missing more than ve dozen forms. Even after two warning letters and protocol counseling, Awerbuch continued to prescribe TIRF drugs without the proper patient paperwork. Whats more, the oversight regulators closed Awerbucks non-compliance case despite his lacking consent forms from 53 patients. Less than a month later, Lopez was dead. Its outrageous. Its very disturbing, Detroit attorney Brian McKeen said of the lack of action to stop Awerbuch. These are red ags waving in the wind that any responsi ble government organization or pharmacy company should be heeding. McKeen represents Lo pezs estate and her mother in a malpractice lawsuit led against Doctor Awerbuch. The attorney said Lopez, who long suffered from chron ic-pain problems, sought out Awerbuch, who promoted himself as a specialist in chronic pain. He was trained as a neurologist. Before her death, Awer buch prescribed Lopez the highly-potent opioid drug Subsys. Even if Lopez had cancer, she should never have been on the quick-absorbing fentanyl. Warning labels explicitly state Subsys should not be given to patients with respiratory problems because the drug depresses breathing. Lopez had the chronic lung disease COPD and sleep apnea, said McKeen. I dont think she was aware this was a drug that was not appropriate for her, McKeen said. She trusted her physician to select the appropriate drug. There are too many doctors in Drug Evaluation and Research. Congressional scrutiny Multiple data studies show the majority of TIRF patients were not opioid tolerant and did not have cancer and thus should not have received highly potent opioid prescriptions. This was highlighted at an August FDA public advisory committee hearing that was called after InvestgateTVs story earlier this year on the McKesson Corp., one of the nations largest drug distributions, handling of the TIFR-REM over sight program. U.S. Sen. Bill Cassidy contacted the FDA after watching the report. It is only because of your (InvestigateTVs) inquiry that they agreed to hold this public advisory committee hearing and that is a result of your good investigative reporting, said Cassidy, a Republican from Louisiana. At the FDA hearing, the Centers for Medicare Services tes tied 72 percent of Medicare patients prescribed TIRF drugs did not have a cancer diagnosis in the same year. A study by the drugmakers themselves concluded 42 percent of TIRF patients were not opioid tolerant. Are prescribers lying on the forms? Why are we having this disconnect? And if we have a disconnect how can we be concluding that the REMS (oversight) program is operating as intended? asked Steven Meisel, a patient safety expert at the Institute for HealthCare Improvement based in Minnesota. The FDA responded that it takes a hands-off approach. We dont make certain the patients are opioid tolerant, said FDA representative Elizabeth Kilgore. Theres no infor mation as to whether they have cancer or not. Critics of the program, such as New York lawyer Richard J. Hol lawell, compare the agencys over sight and safety program to the fox watching the henhouse. The FDA conceded all control to the drug in dustry and its disgusting, he said. Hollawell represents parents who lost their 32-year-old daughter to a Subsys overdose and a New Jersey mother who became addicted to the drug. Neither had cancer. Neither was protected by the oversight program. The FDA holds itself out that it is the gatekeeper for the protection of the consumer. The FDA is doing the op posite, Hollawell said. They are allowing the industry to dictate how these drugs get to consumers, and its all in the interest of the drug industry. Changed attitude In 2017, the FDA nally exed its muscle with TIRF drugs. It instructed the pharmaceutical industry oversight group to clearly state that they are intended only for cancer patients and are not to be used for acute, post operative, emergency room or dental pain, FDA records show. By then, the most popular TIRF drug, Subsys, had left a trail of dead and injured patients and indictments against doctors and company insiders. The drug had been routinely prescribed to patients without cancer At the end of last months hearing, FDA committee members urged more education for prescribers beyond the 30-minutes every two years estimated by McKesson. FDA has instructed drugmakers to analyze outcomes, such as death of non-opioid tolerant patients taking TIRF drugs. It all comes too late for those patients who lost their lives. Within six months of Stephanie Lopez death, federal investigators had zeroed in on Awerbuch, her Michigan doctor. He was arrested in May 2014 on charges of health care fraud and illegally prescribing controlled substances. He eventually pleaded guilty and, in February this year was sentenced to 32 months in prison. Though he has sued Awerbuch for Lopezs death, attorney McKeen said the FDA is not without blame be cause of its indifferent oversight. It seems like they were acting like Doctor Awer buchs enablers, he said. Its very, very concerning. On Nov. 10, 2013, Lopez posted on her Facebook page, simply trusting God ...some days thats all I can manage. She laid down for a nap. She never woke up. Unfortunately, Doctor Awerbuch did not put her in terests rst, McKeen said. As a consequence, Stephanie lost her life. She was just 30. InvestigateTV is produced by Raycom Media, Inc., parent company of CNHI. tb t this country who are injudiciously prescribing dangerous nar cotics ... resulting in preventable deaths. It wasnt until May 2014 that regulators said they became aware Awerbuch had been arraigned on federal charges of health care fraud and distribution of controlled substances. Even then, he was not banned from the oversight and safety program. Two days later, Awerbuch resigned as a TIRF opioids pre scriber. Program oversight The pharmaceutical companies making the fentanyl drugs serve as the primary communicators with the FDA under the agencys oversight program. They also serve as the enforcement arm, making sure doc tors and pharmacists who prescribe and dispense TIRF opi oids were in compliance with the rules of the safety program. Today, there are 10 drugs in the program, including six brand-name products: Abstral, Actiq, Fentora, Lazanda, On solis and Subsys. All are absorbed through saliva. But drug the industrys oversight groups main source of communications with the FDA centered on annual assess ments of the program, including how many patients and doc tors were enrolled and other metrics. A letter from one FDA ofcial shows that after ve years of reading these assessments, the agency didnt have a clear picture of how the oversight and safety program was working. We conclude it is not possible to determine whether the overarching goal of the REMS to mitigate the risk of misuse, abuse, addiction, overdose and serious complications due to medicine errors is being met, wrote Dr. Judith A. Racosin, deputy director of safety at the FDAs Center for

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128567-1 SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 13A 137684-1 FREE T-SHIRT WITH THE PURCHASE OF A ONE-YEAR SUBSCRIPTION TO THE 52 Weeks only $3500 in county rf DOWLING PARK Advent Christian Villages Live! at Dowling Park artist series has been delighting audiences for more than 30 years. This season, a num ber of returning favorites have been added, including a concert featuring Lake Citys Gateway City Big Band. Gateway will bring the World War-era big band sound to Dowling Park Monday, Oct. 15, at 7 p.m., in The Village Church. The Gateway City Big Band has been bringing the smooth and swinging sounds of the Big Band Era to north Florida since 1993. Started by the former conductor of Walt Disneys Top of the World Orches tra, Harry Wuest, the band continues to echo the sounds of the great big bands of the 1930s and 40s, as well as including more modern selections and contemporary arrangements for todays listeners. Under the direction of ACV friend Matt Johns, a former member of the Glenn Miller Orchestra, this group of exceptional musicians delights their audiences. The bands extensive library contains selections from Benny Goodman, Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, Frank Sinatra, Stevie Wonder, and many, many more! Please join us Oct. 15 for the Gateway City Big Band. The concert will begin at 7 p.m. at The Village Church. Visit www.acvillage.net/ artistseries or call 386658-5557 for more details. Tickets are available from the Village cashier and in Live Oak at both the Su wannee County Chamber of Commerce and the Music Center. Season tickets for the 2018-19 season, which also permit attendance to the Madison and Lake City artist series, are available. Call 386-658-5343 for more information. rffntbtn tttfnr n fttbn nt LIVE OAK During the past two meetings of the Suwannee Valley Youth Livestock Show and Sale, members have voted to make signicant changes to their rules. The updated rules are as follows: school or a 4-H club in Suwannee, Hamilton or Lafayette counties. than Nov. 1, 2018. sion Ofces in either Suwannee, Hamilton, or Lafayette counties. Any forms turned in after Nov. 1 but before Nov. 16 are subject to a $25 late fee to be paid to the SVYLSS. Late fee payment must accompany the entry form. At tagging on Dec. 8, once their swine are tagged, ex hibitors are responsible for ensuring their tag number(s) are provided to the SVYLSS secretary or other designat ed member before leaving the fairgrounds. In accordance with federal regulations, all swine must have a Premise Identication tag to receive a SVYLSS tag. Any swine that does not have the Premise ID tag will not be tagged with a SVYLSS tag and will therefore not be able to show. More information can be found at https://www.freshfromorida.com/Busi ness-Services/Animals/Pigs-Swine/Ofcial-Identica tion-for-Swine-at-Fairs-FAQ. To receive entry forms and a full copy of the rules and regulations, please contact your local Extension Ofce, 4-H Club Leader, or FFA Advisor. Prepare your family for an active hurricane season Fourteen named storms have been forecasted for the 2018 Hurricane Season by Colorado State Univer sity. Of these named storms, seven are predicted to become hurricanes. Three of these are forecasted to become category three, or stronger, hurricanes. With the season already in full swing, now is the time to make sure your family is ready. There are many helpful guides to prepare for the season. Websites such as FEMA.gov, getready.gov, and oridadisaster. org offer step-by-step preparedness planning. Of course, these websites all have links to other resources and soon the choices become overwhelming. Fortunately, they all have certain things in common. Cleaning up around the outside of the house is some thing that can be done long before the season begins. Indoor storage should be reserved for outdoor furniture or anything that could be blown against the house. If possible, anything that might cause water to ow to wards the house should be removed and menacing tree branches should be trimmed. Communication plans are also very common among the countless planning guides. Typically, communi cation plans are broken into two categories. The rst concerns ensuring weather information can be received during disasters. Keeping battery-powered radios, weather radios, and subscribing to local alert systems are often suggested. The second of the two catego ries addresses how to ensure contact with family and friends. Families are urged to maintain various lists of important contact information. These lists should be stored in multiple locations and in various formats such as digital les and paper. Out-of-town, as well as intown, emergency contacts and predetermined meeting places are also important considerations for any plan. Supplies are another important part of a preparedness plan. At the top of any list is having enough water and nonperishable food for at least several days as well as medications for a couple of weeks. These items are of ten followed by battery-powered lanterns, ash lights, spare batteries and cell phone chargers. Generators and fuel are usually also listed. In preparation for a quick evacuation, knowing lo cal evacuation routes and shelter locations are vital. Although there are two types of shelters, most people will need to go to a general population shelter. Some of these also accommodate pets but rely on owners to bring pet food, a food dish and a carrier or crate. In contrast, special needs shelters are considered medical facilities and will only allow service animals. These shelters are for people who live at home but rely on a family member or some other caregiver for their every day medical needs. Often referred to as clients, they are admitted to the shelter along with their caregivers. The local health department staffs these shelters and assists the caregivers in meeting the clients medical needs during such an extraordinary time. Anyone who meets this level of care is encouraged to register with their countys Emergency Management ofce by telephone or internet. Regardless of which planning source is consulted, the one thing they all share is the importance of having a plan in place and regularly reviewing it. Jason Long is the Preparedness and Response Coordi nator for the Department of Health in Lafayette County. Visit our website at www.suwanneedemocrat.com for breaking news, weather updates, obituaries or to purchase photos. Twitter: @suwanneedemocra Facebook: /suwanneedemocrat Ofce: 386-362-1734

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2005 DODGE VIPER 2016 RAM 3500 CREW 4X4 6.7 CUMMINS DIESEL 888-304-2277 229-263-7561 888-463-6831 801 E. SCREVEN ST. | QUITMAN 12000 HWY 84 | QUITMAN 4164 N. VALDOSTA RD. | VALDOSTA 2017 NISSAN TITAN CREW 4X4 2017 DODGE CHARGER SRT 2015 DODGE CHALLENGER 2016 CHEVY CAMARO 2016 CHEVY CAMARO 2008 LEXUS RX 400 HYBRID 2014 FORD F-150 CREW FX4 2017 CADILLAC ATS 2016 DODGE CHALLENGER 2014 CHEVY SONIC 2013 CHEVY TRAVERSE 2013 CHEVY TRAVERSE 2011 CHEVY TRAVERSE 2015 NISSAN ALTIMA 2017 TOYOTA CAMRY 2015 CHRYSLER 2016 GMC ACADIA 2015 JEEP WRANGLER 2010 JEEP WRANGLER 2014 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 2016 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 2015 DODGE JOURNEY 2012 FORD EXPLORER 2014 FORD EXPLORER LTD 2008 FORD EXPEDITION 2015 GMC 1500 CREW 4X4 2012 RAM 1500 TRADESMAN 2016 RAM 1500 CREW 4X4 2015 RAM 2500 MEGA 4X4 LONGHORN 2005 RAM 1500 SLT 2007 HONDA ACCORD 2010 HYUNDAI GENESIS 2013 HONDA ACCORD 2015 FORD FUSION 2017 HYUNDAI SANTA FE 2011 DODGE DURANGO 2017 TOYOTA COROLLA 2014 CHEVY EQUINOX 2009 TOYOTA COROLLA 2015 CHEVY SUBURBAN LT 2008 GMC YUKON 2013 VOLVO XC60 2017 FORD F-150 CREW 4X4 2013 NISSAN PATHFINDER 2013 NISSAN PATHFINDER 2015 NISSAN MURANO 2016 RAM 2500 CREW 4X4 2014 DODGE CHALLENGER RT 2011 KIA SORENTO 2013 KIA SORENTO 2009 HYUNDAI SANTA FE 2015 CHEVY 2500 LTZ 4X4 2016 FORD F-150 CREW 4X4 2016 CHEVY 1500 CREW Z71 4X4 2017 CHEVY 1500 CREW LTZ KING RANCH 2013 JEEP WRANGLER 2015 TOYOTA RAV4 2016 TOYOTA 4-RUNNER 2008 NISSAN XTERRA 2013 NISSAN ROGUE 2015 LEXUS RX350 2012 HONDA ODYSSEY SAHARA TOWN & COUNTRY137753-1 2017 TOYOTA HIGHLANDER SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 14A

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Sports SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 rf jamie.wachter@ganews.com MAYO It took a week or two longer than he had wished, but Lafayette coach Joey Pearson received the ice bath Friday night on Dale Walker Field to commemo rate his 150th career win. After dropping their past two games, the Hornets torched the visiting West Oaks Academy Flames 42-8, scoring touchdowns on six of their eight rst-half possessions. It just proves that you can stick it out, Pearson said of the benchmark win. You ride the ups and downs through the years. Theres been a lot of great players, great coaches and all the people that contributed to get to this moment. Its not just about me. Its about the program and the consistency from the lead ership, from the administration and all of that. Im proud of it but its denitely a big group effort. While the two-game skid delayed the milestone and getting doused with ice water at the end of the game, it was still plenty sweep for the long-time coach, who improved to 150-66 in his career. We played two great teams and I would have loved to have gotten it against either Trenton 0 6 0 0 6 Branford 21 0 13 6 40 First Quarter LHS Garris Edwards 5 run (Jaxson Beach kick). LHS Adam Perry 65 pass from Beach (Beach kick). LHS Richy James 55 pass from Beach (Beach kick). LHS Ben Massey 19 pass from Beach (Beach kick). Second Quarter LHS Beach 47 run (Beach kick). LHS Massey 22 pass from Beach (Beach kick). Third Quarter WO Demetrius Cox 4 run (Carlos Reed pass from Denardo Gray). INDIVIDUAL STATISTICS RUSHINGWest Oaks, Cox 6-18, Gray 8-14, Reed 3-5. Lafayette, Edwards 6-62, Beach 9-57, John Powers 5-14, Montae Gillyard 1-(minus-1). PASSINGWest Oaks, Gray 10-17-0 160, Reed 1-1-0 23, Alic Troutman 1-2-0 8. Lafay ette, Beach 15-22-1 314, Perry 4-8-0 17. RECEIVINGWest Oaks, George McGhee 2-78, Cox 7-77, Gray 1-23, Andrei Nikulochkin 2-13. Lafayette Massey 4-85, Edwards 5-71, Perry 2-70, James 2-70, Mark Crum 3-18, Aus tyn Lee 1-11, James Gay 1-5, Craig Lamb 1-1. Lafayette 42, West Oaks 8 ntbn rffnntnnbtnfnfnnfnbnftfb rffnntnnnnnbfn fbftbfbn fntfb rffnnfnnfbb fnnfntfb nfbbnfbfnn nbnb Branford hammers Bishop Snyder michael.jones@ganews.com JACKSONVILLE Missing some key starters on both sides of the ball, the Branford Buccaneers used their depth to defeat Bishop Snyder on Friday. Backup linebacker Levi White was the hero on defense and the Buccaneers got everyone involved on offense in a 47-0 thrashing of the host Cardi nals. White scored two defensive touchdowns a 40-yard interception return and a fumble recovery that he took to pay drift and the Bucs had three players score rushing touchdowns in a game that they controlled from the opening whistle. BHS forced a turnover on the opening possession of the game and then cashed in right away when Jevin Johnson connected with CJ Pepper on an 8-yard touchdown pass. A few minutes later, John son rumbled into the end zone from 6 yards out to put BHS up 13-0. The Bucs poured it on from there, dominating every phase. We were kind of thin at linebacker. Levi had nbt nnnfttbfnn SEE PEARSON, PAGE 2B Branford, Suwannee High sports notebook Suwannee golf defeats Eastside LIVE OAK The Suwannee boys golf team won its match on Sept. 18 at Ironwood Country Club. The Bulldogs shot a 171 to de feat Eastside High (231). Scores Drew Bozeman 39 Bryson Gaylord 42 James Fullbright 44 Carsin Chauncey 46 SHS cross country teams take rst in Branford race BRANFORD The Suwan nee boys and girls cross country teams placed rst in Thursdays race in Branford. The Buccaneers took second with Bell nishing third. ntbtnn nbnfffnbnfbtfn nbnffnbnfbtfn SEE BRANFORD, PAGE 2B

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 2B Sports one of them but Im glad to have it at home and in front of our people, he added. Recovering the opening kickoff at the Flames 35, the 3-2 Hornets needed three plays to score as Garris Ed wards scored from 5 yards out just 35 seconds into the game. The rout was on from there. Following a three-andout from West Oaks (1-2), LHS needed just three plays to score again. This time, Adam Perry hauled in a Jaxson Beach slant pass and raced 65 yards to make it 14-0 barely three minutes in. Beach nished with 314 yards and four touchdowns on 15-of-23 passing in bare ly one half of play, as he sur passed 1,000 yards passing for the season (1,023). He also hit Richy James for a 55-yard score with 3:04 left in the rst and Ben Massey on a 19-yard score not even 30 seconds later, which made it 28-0. The junior quarterback also scored on a 47-yard run midway through the second quarter that extended the Hornets advantage to 35-0, nishing with 57 yards on nine carries to give him 509 yards rushing so far this year. Lafayette closed out the half leading 42-0 when Massey followed a James block on a wide receiver screen pass and powered through a pair of West Oaks defenders to score with 1 second left before intermis sion. Massey had a game-high 85 yards receiving on four catches as eight Hornets caught passes. We felt like we got back to what we want to do, which is have a lot of people touch the ball, Pearson said. We spread it around to a lot of different guys and if we can keep that going, I think we have a chance to be pret ty good the rest of the year. While Beach was spread ing the ball around to the Hornets multitude of offen sive weapons, Lafayettes defense kept the Flames in check. West Oaks had 120 yards at halftime, crossing mideld twice. The Flames reached LHS territory for one play in the rst quarter before earning a rst-andgoal late in the second. How ever, a holding penalty as quarterback Denardo Gray scrambled around followed by a delay of game ag pushed the Flames back near the Hornets 40. The drive ended on downs. West Oaks did score on its lone third-quarter possession as Gray hit George McGhee for 73 yards behind the Hornets reserve defenders on the rst play. Two plays later, Demetrius Cox scored from 4 yards out. Gray then hit Carlos Reed for the 2-point conversion. Much better, Pearson said about the Hornets de fense, which also forced and recovered a fumble that led to a score. We emphasized that all week: great effort, great intensity and great passion and I felt like we had better leverage on the edge and hopefully that will carry over into the rest of the season. UP NEXT: The Hornets host rival Branford on Fri day. Lafayette has won eight straight in the battle for The Helmet. Thatll be a huge one, Pearson said. It should be a packed house, an exciting environment and were looking forward to the op portunity. Continued From Page 1B Pearson to step in there. Had two touchdowns, a couple sacks played awesome, said Branford coach Tim Clark. Offense, defense, special teams they came and answered the bell in all three phases. A good game and also a good start to the season for BHS. First time we have been 3-1 in a really long time, Clark said of the Bucs best start since nishing 9-1 in 2009. The Bucs played without standout running back Aar on McQuay, who was out with an ankle injury. Mc Quay, who also starts on defense at linebacker, said he expects to be back in the lineup for this weeks game against Lafayette. Without McQuay, Bran ford rotated running backs and had eight different players get a carry. Fresh man DJ Hannah, an explo sive runner, carried four times for 66 yards. His longest rush came late in the third quarter when he juked two defend ers on his way to a 41-yard gain. Later on that drive, LaKendrik Shonk reached the end zone on a 12-yard run to put BHS ahead 40-0. While Branford stuck with the run late in the game, it was the passing game that got the offense moving early. Johnsons (5 of 11, 59 yards, two touch downs) favorite target was Pepper, who nished with four catches for 50 yards, including two TD grabs, his rst touchdown recep tions of the season. Branford also stepped up the defense, forcing four turnovers and getting a safety from Seth Heider man, who made a sack in the end zone. Bishop Snyder (0-4) only managed 40 yards of total offense. But the Bucs best de fensive performance of the night came from a surpris ing source. White had never scored a touchdown before. The senior hadnt even played that much early in the sea son and was close to giving up football. I had quit actually a week ago, said White. I came back and wanted to prove to Coach Clark I was ready to play. UP NEXT: Branford travels to rival Lafayette Continued From Page 1B Branford Branford 13 19 8 7 47 Bishop Snyder 0 0 0 0 0 First Quarter BHS Pepper 8 pass from Johnson BHS Johnson 6 run Second Quarter BHS L White 40 intercep tion return BHS Pepper 10 pass from Johnson BHS L White 8 fumble re covery Third Quarter BHS Heiderman tackle safety BHS Shonk 12 run Fourth Quarter BHS Connor 13 run INDIVIDUAL STATISTICS PASSING Johnson 5-11-59 2 TDs, Heiderman 1-1-7 RUSHING Hannah 4-66, Connor 3-33 TD, Hamm 7-25, Heiderman 2-20, Leibold 2-18, Shonk 1-12 TD, Pepper 2-9, Johnson 3-8 TD RECEIVING Pepper 4-50, 2 TDs, T White 1-9, Williams 1-7 Branford 47, Bishop Snyder 0 rfffrntb CHURCH DIRECTORYLAFAYETTE COUNTYTO LIST YOUR CHURCH IN THE CHURCH DIRECTORY PLEASE CALL JENNIFER 386Your Guide To Local Houses Of Worship 44884-1 AIRLINE BA PTIST CHUR C H Pastor ........................................................... Preston Gainey Youth Pastor ................................................Derek Garland Childrens Pastor ............................................... Chad Little Sunday Sunday School ........................................ 9:30 a.m. Morning Worship ............................................... 10:30 a.m. Evening Worship ................................................. 6:00 p.m. Wednesday Fellowship Supper ........................... 6:00 p.m. AWANA & Bible Study ....................................... 6:30 p.m. Located Four Miles East of Mayo on Highway 27 www.airlinechurch.com44887-1 Helping Families Follow Jesus 44891-1MAYO BAPTIST CHURCH Rick James, Pastor Music Director Dale CroSunday Sunday School .......... 9:45am Worship Service ..... 11:00am Evening Service ........ 6:00pm Wednesday Supper ................................ 6:00pm Children/Youth Program .. 6:30pm Prayer Meeting .................. 7:00pm 44893-1 LIGHTHOUSE CHRISTIAN CENTER Freedom is Here www.lccmayo.orgMorning Worship ..................................... Sun. 10:30 a.m. Kids of the King ........................................ Sun. 10:30 a.m. Prayer Meeting ........................................... Mon. 7:00 p.m Bible Study. ................................................ Wed. 7:00 p.m. Army of Fire Youth ................................... Wed. 7:00 p.m. Pastor: Ronnie Sadler ALTON CHURCH OF GOD .............. 294-3133Pastor. ....................................................... Rev. Tim Hamm Youth Pastor .................................................. Jeremy Davis Music Director ............................................ Holly Braswell Childrens Pastor. ............................ Ryan & Tiany Perry Sunday School. ........................................... 9:30 10:30am Worship Service/K.I.D.S. Church. ... 10:30am 12:00pm Evening Worship. ................................................... 6:00pm Family Night Youth club Church .... 7:00pm WednesdayState Road 27 44888-1 MIDWAY BAPTIST CHURCH ... 294-2365 Pastor: Bruce BrancheSunday School ......................................................... 9:45 a.m. Worship Service .................................................... 11:00 a.m. Discipleship Training ............................................. 5:00 p.m. Evening Worship ................................................... 6:00 p.m. Prayer Meeting Wednesday ................................ 7:00 p.m. Team Kids ................................................................ 7:00 p.m. Located on County Road 405 For If Ye Forgive Men eir Tresspasses Your Heavenly Father Will Also Forgive You Matt. 6:14 44892-1 44895-1 NEW HARMONY UNITED METHODIST CHURCH 160th St. (Go south on 51 to 160th, turn right) Pastor: Dalas Monismith Phone (386) 776-1806 SUNDAY Sunday Worship. .................................................... 9:30 am Bible Study ............................................................ 10:30 amWEDNESDAYWomens Bible Study. .......................................... 10:00 am HATCHBEND APOSTOLIC CHURCH 935-2806Pastor ........................................................ Rev. Steve Boyd Sunday School .................................................... 10:00 a.m. Wednesday Service .............................................. 7:30 p.m.Located 4 miles South on Hwy. 349, then le on CR 138, follow signs. 44889-1 44890-1FIRST ASSEMBLY OF GOD ....... 294-1811 Sunday School ................................... 10:00 a.m. Worship Service ................................ 10:45 a.m. Kids Church ...................................... 11:00 a.m. Evening Worship ............................... 6:00 p.m. Youth Impact ......................................... :00 p.m. Adult Bible Study .............................. 7:00 p.m. Sunday Wednesday Pastor: Rev. Kenny Sullivan Youth Pastor: Daryl FletcherLocated at 294 SE Mill Street, Mayo Renewing Hope and Building Lives 44886-1 PLEASANT GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH (SBC) 294-1306 Interim Pastor ............................ Jimmy Corbin Sunday School .................................... 9:45 a.m. Worship Service ................................ 11:00 a.m. Sunday Evening Service .................... 6:00 p.m. Wednesday Prayer Meeting ............... 7:00 p.m. Seven miles West of Mayo, le on CR 534 then right on 350A ---Jesus Saves--ONLINE CONTENT ONLINE CONTENT For more breaking news, weather updates, obituaries and more, visit our website at suwannee democrat.com r fntn btb bbn b rb bn bn r nff ntbn

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 3B everyone in the community. Oct. 3 Preschool Story Time From 10 a.m. until 11 a.m. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 4 History of Suwannee County Noon Eric Musgrove, Clerk of Court, and county historian will be talking about the 1920s. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 4 Class of 1969 SHS Luncheon The SHS Class of 1969 will be hosting a luncheon at the Dixie Grill, beginning at 11:30 a.m. The Dixie Grill is located at 101 Dowling Ave SE in Live Oak. Please contact Jenelle (Brandon) Dillon at 904-403-3731 for further information and other upcoming events. Oct. 4 & 6 Movie Showing Oct. 4 3 p.m.; Oct. 6 1 p.m. Join us for this kid friendly spooky movie. A teenager teams up with the daughter of a young adult horror author after the writers imaginary mon sters are set free on the town of Madi son, Delaware. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 5 Fried Chicken Friday Fried Chicken Friday will be held Oct. 5, from 4 p.m. to 7 p.m., at Spirit of Christ Lutheran Church, located at 145 SW Sweetbreeze Drive, Lake City (386-752-3807) take US-90 West past Harveys Supermarket. Dinner includes: Fried chicken, green beans, mashed potatoes, coleslaw, roll and brownie. Children half price. **Takeout available.** Oct. 6 Lake City SongFarmers gathering The October Gathering of the Song Farmers of the Suwannee River Valley of Florida will be Saturday, October 6, 7:00 to 9:00 PM, at St. James Episco pal Church, 2423 SW Bascom Norris Drive, Lake City, Florida 32025. Acous tic jam style format. Musicians, friends and families welcome. All ages and skill levels. No charge. For additional information, contact Skip Johns at 386-344-2906 or visit the Suwannee Valley SongFarmers Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/songfarm ersofthesuwanneerivervalley/ Oct. 6 Pat Gaylord Benet Dinner & Silent Auction Born and raised Wellborn resident, Pat Gaylord, has been diagnosed with Lymphoma cancer and will have a stem cell transplant. A benet dinner and silent auction is being held to help cover both medical and incidental expenses. The dinner will be held on October 6 from 11 a.m. until 3 p.m. (with the silent auction ending at 2:30 p.m.) at Wellborn Baptist Church off of Hwy. 90 West. The dinner menu consists of chicken pilau, green beans, coleslaw, bread and a dessert. Tickets will be sold in advance or at the door. Guests may sit to eat dinner or take it to go. For additional information, to purchase tickets, or for those who are unable to attend but are interested in making a contribution, please con tact Andrea Smith at 386-303-2666; Gaylene Connell at 386-623-3205; Lisa Gardner at 386-365-0528 or Polly Mur ray at 386-344-2884. Oct. 6 Fall Yard Sale White Springs United Methodist Fall Yard Sale will be held Saturday, October 6, from 8:30 a.m. till 2 p.m. White Springs United Methodist Church is located at the corner of U.S. 41 and Wesson Ave nue in White Springs. Oct. 10 Preschool Story Time From 10 a.m. until 11 a.m. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 11 Recipe Swap From 1 p.m. until 2 p.m., Halloween party favorite recipes will be shared. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 11 & 13 Movie Showing Oct. 11 3 p.m.; Oct. 13 1 p.m. Whether your fridge is the gateway to another dimension or your museum is haunted by the spirit of an ancient warlord, the guys are up for any spooky challenge and some big laughs along the way. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 13 Class of Reunion Suwannee High School Class of 25th class reunion. Reunion is reserved for October 13, 6 p.m. at the Brown Lantern. Money is due by October 1 and can be sent to 25184 NW 130th Avenue, High Springs, FL 32643. For more information, contact Heidi Day at 386-330-9817 or heididay@wind stream.net. Oct. 13 Fall festival Spirit of Christ Lutheran Church will be hosting its fall festival on Oct. 13, from 9 a.m. until 3 p.m. The festival will con sist of hay rides, antique cars, games, food, a bouncy house, various booths, live music, the blood mobile, and plenty of other fun for the family. The fall festival is sponsored by Thrivent Fiancial Services, and will be located at 145 SW Sweetbreeze Drive, Lake City (386-752-3807) take US-90 West past Harveys Supermarket. Oct. 16 Armchair Travels 10:00 -11:30 a.m. Vietnam, Cambodia and Bangkok, Thailand: Sherry Millington and Sheila Hiss of Live Oak will take us there. Viet nam is a land of staggering natural beauty and cultural complexities, of dynamic mega-cities and hill-tribe vil lages. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 16 Rock Painting 6 p.m. Paint rocks and visit with other rock star artists. All supplies are provided. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 17 Healthcare seminar Mr. Al Derway will be conducting a Jo Kennon Library offering tech ser vices, also in search of volunteers and donations Are you needing help with your cell phone, computer, or e-reader? Sign up at the library for one on one help. There are several techies now working at the library. The library is looking for donations of plastic shopping bags, the fronts of old greeting and Christmas cards, and craft supplies such as glitter, yarn, felt, and buttons. The library is looking for volunteers to buddy read or tutor math to elemen tary children. Volunteers are needed to teach art or music one day a week to the home schooling children. If you are interested in participating in these most worthwhile programs, please stop by the Jo Kennon Dowling Park Library and pick up an application. Sept. 26 Before We Were Yours Book Club 2:00-3 p.m. Join us to discuss Before We Were Yours by Lisa Wingate. Copies avail able for checkout at the front desk. Suwannee River Regional Library 386-362-2317 Sept. 27 Live Oak SongFarmers gathering The September Gathering of the Song Farmers of Live Oak is Thursday, Sep tember 27, 5:30 to 7:30 PM (please note new time) at the Suwannee County Regional Public Library, 1848 Ohio Avenue South, Live Oak, Florida 32064. Acoustic jam style format. Mu sicians, friends and families welcome. All ages and skill levels. No charge! For additional information, call the li brary at 386-362-2317, or visit the Live Oak SongFarmers Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/songfarm ersoiveoak/ Sept. 28 Pat Gaylord Benet BBQ A benet barbecue will be hosted on Sept. 28 for Pat Gaylord, a born and raised Wellborn resident, who has been diagnosed with Lymphoma cancer and will have a stem cell transplant. The barbecue will be located in Live Oak, across from the Post Ofce. For more information, please contact Andrea Smith at 386-303-2666; Gay lene Connell at 386-623-3205; Lisa Gardner at 386-365-0528 or Polly Mur ray at 386-344-2884. Sept. 28 Game Day for Adults 10 a.m.-noon Bring your favorite board or card game and your friends! Suwannee River Regional Library 386-362-2317 Sept. 28 & 29 Trash & Treasure Bake/Yard Sale The Womans Club of Live Oak is host ing a Trash and Treasure bake and yard sale on September 28 and 29. The sale will be located at 1308 SW 11th Street in Live Oak. Setup will take place from Wednesday, September 26 until Thursday, September 27. Do nations are welcome. Sept. 29 Steps 4 Life Walk/Run On September 29, there will be a walk/ run for life hosted by the Pregnancy Care Center. Registration begins at 8 a.m., and the walk/run begins at 9 a.m. The Lake City Center location will be at the Darby Pavilion, Live Oak Center lo cation will be at the First Federal Sports plex and the Jasper Center location will be at the City Park. After the walk/run, there will be a tod dler trot for children up to age 4, and a fun run for children ages 5-8. For more information, contact 386758-8622 (Lake City) or 386-330-2229 (Live Oak). Make donations or sponsor at http://www.friendsofpcc.com/ Sept. 30 Meet Merrillee your next State Repre sentative Chris and Deanna Mericle are hosting a Meet & Greet for State House of Representatives, District 10 candidate, Merrillee Malwitz-Jipson at Gipson Park on the Suwannee River, 6884 SW CR 751, Jasper, FL 32052, from 2-4 pm. Refreshments served. Speak with Mer rillee and nd out what she stands for and why you should vote for her. Oct. 2 Craft Club 4:00 5:00 pm Youre welcome to bring any crafts youre currently working on, like cro chet, knitting, painting, etc. Or, you can come and pick up a new hobby with our craft stamps and other card making and scrapbook supplies. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 2 Bible story presentation Florida Gateway Ministries will be host ing a presentation by Carlton McPeak of the Bible story. This one hour Pow er-Point presentation will be held at the Suwannee Regional Library at 7 PM on Tuesday, October 2, 2018. There will be a short question and answer period after the presentation. This free non-li brary sponsored program is open to Community Calendar Community Calendar event submissions Want to place your upcoming event(s) in our weekly Community Calendar? Email your events to aimee. buckner@ganews.com Include basic details such as who, what, where and when. Please note: protable events will need to be handled by our advertising department. For more information, contact Aimee via email. Deadline for submissions is Monday at 3 p.m. SEE COMMUNITY CALENDAR, PAGE 4B

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 4B Community Calendar seminar on the changes to Medicare as well as some new coverages that you may be entitled to as it relates to Medicare recipients. The seminar will begin at 6 p.m. on October 17, and be held at Live Oak Church of the Nazarene, 915 Church Ave. SW in Live Oak. The community is invited to attend, especially those who currently receive Medicare benets. Oct. 17 Preschool Story Time From 10 a.m. until 11 a.m. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 18 Seed Library 9:30:30 a.m Get free packets of seeds and learn about harvest fun: pumpkins, gourds, and squash. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 18 & 20 Movie Showing Oct. 18 3 p.m.; Oct. 20 1 p.m. This movie begins in Egypt 3000 years ago, where the main character was buried alive and must suffer the tor ment of an eternal life in his tomb. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 19 Armchair Travels 10 a.m. Guam: Jennings Bunn of Live Oak lived in Guam for several years and will be telling us all about it. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 20 SHS Class of 1957 reunion The SHS Class of 1957 will meet on October 20 at the Dixie Grill for lunch at 11:30 a.m. Meal will be dutch treat, with visitation afterwards. Guests are welcome to bring a friend along, if desired. To reserve a spot, please call Lamar Jenkins at 386-362-1385, or Jane Wilson at 386-208-9651 by Octo ber 15. Oct. 25 Movie Showing 3 p.m. A visit to Salem where three witches return 300 years later. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 25 Brotherhood meeting First Baptist Church of White Springs will be hosting its brotherhood meeting on Oct. 25, beginning at 7 p.m. Guests are invited to come enjoy the fellow ship and message, those who attend are asked to please bring a covered dish. The church is located at 16401 Camp Ave W in White Springs. Oct. 26 Book Club 10 a.m. The Shack by William P. Young. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 26 & 27 Spooky Springs Event From 6:00pm-11:00pm. Join the fun and spooky happenings during the Spooky Springs Event at Ichetucknee Springs State Park, 12087 SW US 27, Fort White, 32038. For young children, there will be games and a haunted house. Teens can play games and ride the terrifying tram into the dark woods where anything might happen. Games, prizes and lots of fun. Bene ts the Friends of Ichetucknee Springs State Park. 396-497-4690. Oct. 26 & 27 Purse & Shoe Carnival The Womans Club of Live Oak will be hosting a Purse and Shoe Carnival at 1308 SW 11th Street in Live Oak, on Friday, October 26 and Saturday, Oc tober 27. Chairman Mrs. Betsy Dexter Oct. 27-Nov. 4 Voting Voting will be held from 8:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. and will be located at Jo Kennon Public Library, 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Oct. 31 Preschool Story Time From 10 a.m. until 11 a.m. The staff will dress for the occasion. Event hosted at Jo Kennon Public Li brary, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Monthly Meetings Rock Painting Rock Painting parties will be held regu larly on the third Tuesday of the month from 6-7PM. Stop by to paint your own rock and visit with other rock star artists. All supplies are provided. Jo Kennon Public Library, 10655 Dowl ing Park Dr in Live Oak. 386-658-2670 Hymn Singing Old-fashioned hymn singing takes place at White Springs United Meth odist Church on the fourth Sunday of every month at 4 p.m. Hymn requests from the congregation are welcome. The church invites the community to attend. White Springs United Methodist Church is located at 16580 Spring St. in White Springs. Mens Community-wide Church Fel lowship and Supper The Live Oak Church of God invites the community to join them for their dinner on the third Monday night of each month for their Mens Community Wide Church Fellowship and Supper at 7 p.m. Each month, there will be a guest speaker. For more information, call Johnnie Phil man Mens Ministry at 386-842-5494 or Pastor Wes Tanksley at 386-362-2483. Alcoholics Anonymous The Live Oak Group of Alcoholics Anonymous meet three days each week on Tuesday, Thursday and Friday at 7 p.m. at 911 Nobles Ferry Road (Gray Precinct Voting Building), the building next to the Health Depart ment. For more information, contact Charlie at 386-364-6410. The number is not monitored 24 hours a day, so please leave a message. Suwannee River Toastmasters The Suwannee River Toastmasters Club invites you to join us as we work togeth er to empower individuals to become more effective communicators and leaders. We meet the 2nd and 4th Thursday of each month from noon to 1 p.m. at the Suwannee River Water Management District Headquarters. Contact Joe Flanagan at 386-2091912 for additional information. Kiwanis Club of Live Oak The Kiwanis Club of Live Oak invites you to join us in making the world a better place one child and one community at a time. We meet each Wednesday from noon to 1 p.m. at the Florida Farm Bureau Insurance building. Con tact Joe Flanagan at 386-209-1912 for additional information. History of Suwannee County Presented by County Historian Eric Mus grove Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 1st Thursday of the month, 12-1 p.m.. 386-658-2670 McAlpin Community Club meeting The McAlpin Community Club meet ings are held on the second Monday every month at 9981 170th Terrace, in McAlpin. A covered dish dinner is served at 6 p.m. with the meeting and/or a scheduled program begin ning at 7 p.m. Find them on Facebook by searching McAlpin Community Club. For more information, contact Susan Fennell at mcalpincommunityclub@ outlook.com. Seed Library and Gardening Work shop Presented by Master Gardener Rhonda Lepper Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 1st Thursday of the month, 10 a.m.-12 p.m. 386-658-2670 Recipe Swap Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 2nd Thursday of the month, 1-2 p.m. Bring in a favorite recipe or dish, meet other foodies and exchange ideas. Call 386-658-2670 for featured recipe of the month. Florida Native Plant Society The Sparkleberry Chapter meets on the second Tuesday of the month at Hatch Park Community Center, 403 S.E. Craven Street in Branford, present ing a variety of educational programs concerning our Florida native plants, the birds, bees and other wildlife that visit our plants, their place in our land scapes, and the contributions they make to our Florida environment. Meetings are always open to the pub lic. More at www.sparkleberry.fnpschap ters.org, or call 407-319-2488 or 386364-9309. Rock Painting Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 3rd Tuesday of the month, 6-7 p.m. Paint rocks and visit with other rock star artists. All supplies are provided. 386-658-2670 EAA monthly pancake breakfast The EAA Chapter 797 hosts a pan cake breakfast every third Saturday of the month from 8-10 a.m. in the EAA building at Suwannee County Airport. The EAA building is located at 13302 80th Terr. in Live Oak. For more infor mation, contact 817-308-9752. Armchair Travels Presented by Don and Joanne Mott Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 3rd Friday of the month, 10-11 a.m. Travel around the country and learn about exciting new places to visit. Dementia Support Group Location: Good Samaritan Center Private Dining Room 10676 Marvin Jones Blvd. Dowling Park, Florida When: the fourth Tuesday of each month Time: 10 a.m. This is for anyone who is a caregiver for someone who is suffering with Demen tia or Alzheimers. There is no charge for this support group. You do not have to have a loved one residing in the Good Samaritan Center to attend this meeting. For more information please feel free to contact Ginger Calhoun at 386658-5594. Book Club for Adults Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 Last Friday of the month, 10-11 a.m. Join us to discuss our latest read. 386-658-2670 Suwannee Valley Branch of the NAACP meeting The Suwannee Valley Branch of the NAACPs regular monthly meeting will be at New Bethel Baptist Church lo cated at 205 4th St in Jasper from 7 p.m. every third Monday. Meetings will begin after May 22, 2017. SREC, Inc. Senior Center monthly events The SREC, Inc. Senior Center, located at 1509 Martin Luther King Dr. SW in Jasper has monthly birthday parties the third Friday of every month at noon, as well as monthly karaoke the fourth Wednesday of every month at 10 a.m. For more information, contact Barbara Daniels at 386-792-1136. Events are subject to change. Mom 2 Mom The community is invited to Mom 2 Mom on the fourth Thursday of the month from 1-2 p.m. at the Lafayette Three Rivers Library. Get together with other parents. Door prizes and goodies will be provided. Call Healthy Start at 386-294-1321. Estas invitada a Mom 2 Mom, un evento que se celebru el cuarto Jueves de cada mes la 1p.m. hasta la cas 2 p.m. en la Biblioteca de La fayette. Reunirse con otras mams. Se propocionarn premios y regalos. Llame a Healthy Start al 386-294-1321. All-You-Can-Eat Wellborn Blueberry Pancake Breakfast The All-You-Can-Eat Wellborn Blueberry Pancake Breakfast will be held the rst Saturday of each month from 7:30 a.m. All new menu items including blueberry pancakes, scrambled eggs, sausage, grits, bacon, orange juice and coffee. Located at the Wellborn Community Association Building 1340 8th Ave. Wellborn, FL. For pricing and other in formation, call 386-867-1761 or visit us online on Facebook or www.wellborn communityassociation.com. Come join us for great food and help benet the Wellborn community. Taylor County Beekeeping Club meeting Taylor County Beekeeping Club meets the second Monday of every month at 6:30 p.m. at the Taylor County IFAS center: 203 Forest Park Dr, Perry, Fla. 32348 www.facebook.com/tcbeeclub tacobeekeepers@gmail.com WoodmenLife monthly member meeting, bring a dish WoodmenLife monthly member meet ing is held on the rst of every month. Located at 1339 SR 47 in Lake City. RSVP with your local WoodmanLife representative Kristen Hunt at 386-6887942. Singspiration at Suwannee Church of the Nazarene Every 5th Sunday, the church will host a Singspirationa night where mem bers of the congregation sing, read poems, share testimonies, etc. Want to participate? Visit the church, or call at 386-397-2309, to be added to the list. The more participation, the longer it goes. Afterwards, there will be snacks and refreshments in the fel lowship hall. The church is located at 18763 SE CR 137 in White Springs, FL 32096 The Florida Gateway Bee Club meeting The Florida Gateway Bee Club meets at 7 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Suwannee Valley Agriculture Center located at 8202 CR 417, Live Oak. Professional and hobby beekeepers are welcome, as well as anyone with an interest in learning about honey bees. San Juan Mission Catholic Church public Rosary The community is invited to join San Juan Mission Catholic Church, 304 SE Plant Ave, Branford, for the public Rosary on the rst Saturday of every month at 9 a.m. The community will pray for religious freedom, traditional moral standards and freedom of con science. The Suwannee Chapter, Florida Trail Association meetings The Suwannee Chapter, Florida Trail As sociation holds its monthly meetings on the second Monday, 7-9 p.m. at the Suwannee River Water Management District, 9225 CR 49, Live Oak, corner of US 90 and CR 49, 2 miles east of Live Oak. Programs and activities avail able, and public is welcome. For more information, call 386-7761920 or visit Suwannee.FloridaTrail.org. Disabled American Veterans Chapter 126, Suwannee Memorial Meets the rst Tuesday of each month at the hall in John Hale Park, 215 East Duval St., Live Oak. Disabled veterans and their spouses are encouraged to attend and join. Suwannee Republican Executive Committee Meets the 1st Thursday of each month at 7 p.m., Live Oak City Hall 101 White Ave SE Contact Sherri Ortega 386-330-2736 for more information. www.suwanneegop.com Suwannee County Republican Execu tive Committee Live Oak City Hall, 101 White Ave SE, Live Oak Meets rst Thursday, 7 p.m. www.suwanneegop.com Suwannee Valley 500 Club Third Saturday of each month the Su wannee Valley 500 Club will meet at 1 p.m., at the Suwannee River Regional Library located at 1848 Ohio Ave S. in Live Oak.727-804-4739 Clothes Closet open donations The Jasper First Methodist Church is ac cepting donations of clean and gently Continued From Page 3B SEE COMMUNITY CALENDAR, PAGE 5B

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 5B Community Calendar used items of clothing for children, women and men to be offered in the monthly Clothes Closet. The Clothes Closet is open to everyone on the fourth Saturday of every month from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. (Christmas and Thanks giving months the schedule is subject to change). All items are offered free of charge. For more information call 386-397-2316. *The Clothes Closet will be closed due to the Christmas holiday on December 16. Suwannee County Historical Commission The Suwannee County Historical Com mission meets on the third Thursday of the month at 3:30 p.m. at the Suwan nee County Historical Museum (old Freight Depot) on Ohio Avenue in Live Oak. Meetings are open to the public. Public rosary rst Friday Join St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church for the public rosary every rst Friday of the month at 3 p.m. The church is located at 928 Howard St West. Con tact Sheri Ortega at 386-364-1108 or Paul Schmitz at 386-362-5710 for more information. MOAA-Military Ofcers Association of America The Suwannee River Valley Chapter of MOAA meets monthly (September through June) in Lake City. All active duty, retired, and former military of cers of all services, including Reserve and National Guard, and spouses/ guests are welcome. For informa tion and reservations call Mo Becnel (386)755-0756 or Steve Casto at (386)497-2986. The Suwannee River Valley Chapter, founded in 1990, is one of over 400 MOAA chapters around the world. Suwannee County Riding Club Bob Holmes Arena, Live Oak We have roping events on the second and fourth Fridays of the month. Sign ups at 7 p.m. and rides begin at 8 p.m. Speed events are held on the second and fourth Saturdays of the month. Sign ups begin at 6 p.m. and rides begin at 7 p.m. We ride from the fourth weekend of January until No vember with the exception of March where we have no rides. If you have any questions contact Brittney Smith at 386-688-1482. Recipe Swap Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak 1st Tuesday of the month, 12 p.m. 1 p.m. Bring in a favorite recipe or dish, meet other foodies, and exchange ideas. Call 386-362-2317 for Featured Recipe of the Month Christian Singles Meet every other Saturday at 5 p.m. Call for more information: 386-6235810, 386-288-0961, 386-438-3394. Branford Camera Club Hatch Park Community Center 403 SE Craven St. Branford Meets 3rd Thursday with an occasional exception 386-935-2044 or 386-590-6339 Critter Corner Suwannee County Animal Shelter 11150 144th St., McAlpin, Fla. (approx. 8 miles South off Hwy 129). If you are missing a pet or would love to adopt a pet, please come see us. Animals can be viewed Monday-Friday 9-1 and Saturday 9-12. Volunteers and transporters are desperately needed; Tues.-Sat., 9-9:30 a.m., see Ms. Nor ma. Spay/Neuter 386-208-0072 Suwannee County Seniors Free Breakfast and Lunch Suwannee River Economic Councils Senior Center 1171 Nobles Ferry Road NW, Live Oak. Monday-Friday 8 a.m. 5 p.m. Breakfast8:30 a.m./Lunch11:30 a.m. (make reservation for lunch by 9:30 a.m.) Bingo: (Wednesdays) 10 a.m. Meeting/Service: (Fridays) 10a.m. 386362-1164 First Baptist Church of Live Oak Clothes Closet 515 SW 5th Street, 1st and 3rd Thurs day, 8 a.m.-12 p.m. (The Old Red Barn) Suwannee Valley Branch NAACP-Unit #5137 PO Box 6105, Live Oak, FL 32064 President: Alonzo Philmore Triumph The Church & Kingdom of God in Christ, 410 Taylor Ave. SW off of 7th St. 1st Monday each month, 7 p.m. Email: a1101st@comcast.net 386-205-9132 American Legion Post 107 10726 142nd St., Live Oak Off of Hwy 129 S, post is 1 mile on the right. Meets 1st Thursday at 12 p.m. 386-362-5987 Social Sewing Club Center Ave., off of 7th St. 2nd and 4th Tuesday For more information: 386-362-4062 Live Oak Garden Club 1300 11th St. SW, Live Oak 3rd Friday of each month, 11 a.m. liveoakoridagardenclub.com 386-364-4189 Stars Widow Group Antioch Baptist Church 5203 CR 795, Live Oak, FL 4th Monday, 10:30 a.m. 386-362-3101 Suwannee Amateur Radio Club 1st Tuesday, social at 6:30 p.m., regu lar meeting at 7 p.m. North of I10 & US Hwy 129, Live Oak. Call for exact location and directions. www.suwanneearc.org 386-249-3616 Live Oak Art Guild Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak Meets 1st Tuesday at 6:30 p.m. Judith Adams-386-776-2675 Suwannee Democratic Executive Committee Live Oak City Hall 101 White Ave. SE, Live Oak Meets 2nd Thursday, 7 p.m. Suwannee County Bassmasters Poole Realty Inc 127 E. Howard St., Live Oak Meets 1st Tuesday, 7 p.m. 386-688-0978 or 386-590-2885 Save the Cats of Live Oak Help needed at the shelter with feed ing and cleaning Monday through Sundays. Help is also needed within the city limits with feeding several cat colonies Monday through Sundays. Items always needed are food, litter and resalable items for the thrift store located at 217 W. Howard St. down town. For more information, contact 386-364-1006 or 407-748-0396. The Arc North Florida Recycle with us We recycle cardboard, name brand ink cartridges, laser toners, working cell phones w/charger, digital cameras, GPS, MP3, and laptops. 386-362-7143 ext. 0 Book Club for Adults Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak Meets 4th Wednesday of the month at 2 p.m. Join us to discuss our latest read! 386-362-2317 Lunch & Learn History of Suwannee County Presented by County Historian, Eric Musgrove Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak Meets 2nd Thursday of each month from 12-1 p.m. Bring your lunch & learn about our historic county! 386-362-2317 Weekly Meetings Starbooks Caf at jo Kennon Public Library During the month of October, Jo Ken non Dowling Park Public Librarys Star books Caf will be open to the public. Coffee and snacks will be served free of charge. Events are as follows: Oct. 2 Meet the manager Oct. 9 Featuring the veterans bring your stories Oct. 16 Featuring the sewers bring your sewing Oct. 23 School days bring your old school stories Oct. 30 The Good Old Days remi nisce about the past Events hosted at Jo Kennon Public Library, located at 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Dowling Park. 386-658-2670 Seed Library at Suwannee River Re gional Library Wednesdays 1:00-3 p.m. Check out free seeds and get your gardening questions answered by Master Gardeners. Suwannee River Regional Library 386-362-2317 Adult Literacy Instruction JASPER: Beginning Sept. 10, classes will be held Mondays from 4:30:30 p.m. (bi-weekly) in the Jasper Library meet ing room. The Jasper Library is located at 311 Hatley Street in Jasper. WHITE SPRINGS: Beginning Sept. 12, classes will be held Wednesdays from 4:30-5:30 p.m. (bi-weekly) in the White Springs Library meeting room. The White Springs Library is located at 16403 Jewett Street in White Springs. JENNINGS: Beginning Sept. 5, classes will be held Wednesdays from 4:30 5:30 p.m. (bi-weekly) at the Jennings Public Library. The Jennings Public Library is located at 1322 Plum St. in Jennings. Classes sponsored by Agape Green Acres Ministry, Inc. For more infor mation, call 267-779-4845 or email drgreen49@yahoo.com. SongFarmers of Live Oak Chapter meetings The new SongFarmers of Live Oak Chapter that has recently formed in Suwannee County is hosted by the Suwannee River Regional Library Sys tem and meets monthly at the library in Live Oak on the last Thursday of the month from 6:30 p.m. (unless date/ time are otherwise noted in advance) located at 1848 Ohio Avenue South, Live Oak, Florida 32064. The library can be reached at 386-362-2317, for additional information. There is no charge to participate in these musical gatherings. The musi cians are led by Skip Johns and the music is on a jam style format with au dience participation. Musicians, family and friends are all welcome to attend. Acoustic instruments only. All skill levels and ages welcome to participate. Additional information can also be found on the SongFarmers of Live Oak Facebook page found here: https:// www.facebook.com/songfarmersoi veoak/ Childrens Programs at JKPL Preschool Storytime Wednesdays, 10:00-11:00AM Lego Construction Zone Wednesdays, 3:00-4:30PM Movies Thursdays, 3:00-4:30PM and Saturdays, 1:00-3:30PM Bridge Club seeking players Monday Bridge Club meets every Monday at 5:30 p.m. at a local restau rant in Live Oak. Club needs players. Contact Diana at 904-254-8923 for details. Grace Lutheran Church hosting edu cational prayer classes Would you like to learn more of Jesus? Do you have questions about the Christian faith? Are you going through a difcult time and seek Gods council? Classes starting soon, those who attend can do so to t their sched ules best. Different class times will be available. Please contact Pastor Doug Priestap at Grace Lutheran Church Live Oak, 386-364-1851 or gracelu theranliveoak@gmail.com Childrens Table Food Distribution The Childrens Table Food Distribution will be at Peace Baptist Church, 7794 S. Hwy. 27, Branford, FL each Wednes day between 2:00-2:30. Bring a large laundry basket or other container to put food in. Donations will be accepted. For further information, 386-935-4681 Beginners AA meeting Beginners AA at Dowling Park meets Monday-Wednesday-Saturday, 7 p.m. at The Lighthouse 23595 CR 250, Live Oak, 32060 For more information call 305-407-0895. www.LiveOakAA.com GriefShare Support GriefShare is a pastor-supervised, layled, Biblically based, Christ-centered, video assisted support group for persons who have lost loved ones or friends by death. The group will meet each Thursday at 10 a.m. beginning May 18 and run through August 10. This 13 week support program will be scheduled throughout the year on different day and time to give those on varying personal schedules an opportunity to participate. All who have experienced the death of a loved one are cordially invited to become a participant in GriefShare. For more information call 383-792-1122. Finding Your Roots? The Suwannee Valley Genealogy So ciety is the place to start! The library, located at 215 Wilbur Street SW near the football eld in Live Oak, is open to the public on Tuesdays and Thurs days from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. to help you nd your ancestors. You do not have to be a member to use the library. Meetings are held on the rst Thursday of each month at 7 p.m. at the library. For further information, in cluding membership prices, call Jinnie Hancock at 386-330-0110 or email JinnieSVGS@windstream.net SREC, Inc. Senior Center weekly events The SREC, Inc. Senior Center, located at 1509 Martin Luther King Dr. SW in Jasper hosts weekly support counsel ing every Wednesday beginning at 10 a.m. and Bible study every Friday at 10:30 a.m. For more information, con tact Barbara Daniels at 386-792-1136. Events are subject to change. Quilting Friends Each Tuesday from 9 a.m.-noon Jasper Public Library, 311 Hatley St. in Jasper. 386-792-2285 He Speaks to Me bible study for women He Speaks to Me, a Priscilla Shirer Bible study for women, will be held on Tuesdays from 9:30-11 a.m. be ginning Jan. 17 at Pinemount Baptist Church on Hwy 129 in McAlpin led by Chaplain Judy. For more information, contact her at 364-5558. We hope to see you there! Suwannee River Church of the Nazarene schedule The Suwannee River Church of the Nazarene is located at 18763 SE CR 137 in White Springs. For more infor mation, call 386-397-2309. Sunday School9:45 10:45 a.m. Sunday Morning Service11 a.m. noon Afternoon PotluckNoon Sunday Evening Service6 7 p.m. Wednesday Evening Service6 p.m. TOPS #662 (Take Off Pounds Sensibly) Meets every Thursday. (8 a.m. for weigh-in, meeting at 9 a.m.) at Ad vent Christian Church, 911 Pinewood Ave., Live Oak, Fla. For more informa tion, call Mary at 386-330-2535. Branford Seed Library Every second and fourth Tuesday from 2:30-4:30 p.m. Presented by the Suwannee County Master Gardeners. Check out seed packets and get all your gardening questions answered at the Branford Public Library. 386-935-1556 TOPS #9798 TOPS (Take Off Pounds Sensibly) TOPS #9798 is a support group that offers weekly weigh-ins and programs. The programs provide participants with health and weight loss information. Those ready to achieve weight loss and wish for more information may call Barbara at 386-362-5933 or Dori at 386-658-2767. Mayo AA Group Located at the First United Methodist Church, meet every Sunday, Monday, Wednesday and Thursday at 8 p.m. For more information, contact 386294-2423 or 386-647-6424 AWANA Club New Hope Baptist Church, Mayo on Hwy. 51. From 6-8 p.m. and runs throughout the school year. Open to children ages two through sixth grades. For more information, call 386-294-2742. Grief Share GriefShare, a special support group for people experiencing grief and loss, will be held on Wednesday evenings from 6-8 p.m. at First Baptist Church of Live Oak. The church is located at 401 W. Howard St. Childcare is provided. Please call the church at 386-3621583 if you would like to attend. Continued From Page 4B

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 6B Photo courtesy of Getty Images FAMILY FEATURES Over time, the appearance and function of any outdoor space can dull due to combinations of heat, precipitation and use. With some careful attention, you can quickly spruce up your outdoor living areas and get them back in great working order for patio season.Take Care of TextilesOutdoor textiles often take a beating from the elements. Freshen up often-overlooked things like outdoor rugs, lawn furniture cushions, pillows and umbrellas. A thorough vacuuming may be adequate to remove leaves, bugs or dirt. However, if stubborn spots persist and a deeper cleaning is needed, review the manufacturers guidelines. Washing covered furniture from time to time helps ensure its ready for use no matter the season. in any space. Outdoors, theyll undoubtedly collect dust and dirt quickly, but a deep clean can help make them easier to maintain. Dust and scrub as needed, and if necessary, grab a scrub brush and some soapy water to brighten up other items like decorative Freshen Up Finishes a beating. Take time to bring these items back to their former glory by rinsing, scrubbing and brushing dirt away from your wrought iron, metal, aluminum or wicker furniture. If needed, apply a fresh coat of sealant or add a rust-preventive layer of new paint. may be chipped and dull. A careful sweeping with a sturdy broom is a good starting point, but to get your outdoor space truly clean you may need a little more power. When used at the appropriate settings, a pressure washer can clean a wide range of surfaces from patios, decks and sidewalks to siding, windows, screens and tables. When cleaning these surfaces, its important to and rinse it away. In addition to gas-powered options, washers to help you tackle light-duty outdoor cleaning projects around the house. Some models, like the S1800, feature a turbo nozzle to give you the ability to blast away grime up to 40 percent faster than with a standard spray tip. When that power is combined with an onboard detergent tank, you can eliminate outdoor enjoying your outdoor living space. Getting started is simple. Just turn on the washer and begin with a rinse setting to loosen dirt and debris. Next, use the soap nozzle to apply the detergent in the tank. You may want to let the detergent sit for especially grimy areas, depending on the detergents directions for use. Rinse thoroughly and repeat the process if needed. Find more cleaning solutions and a limitedavailability discount code for a S1800 electric power washer at Briggsandstratton.com/OutdoorCleaning. A pressure washer can provide up to 75 times more cleaning power than a standard hose for deep cleaning. They are ideal tools to clean the following areas: Siding Driveways and sidewalks Decks Patio furniture Windows Brick or stone steps Trash cans Vehicles or boats Grills Fire pits Garage doors The Powers of a Pressure WasherAs with any power equipment, its important to know how to operate a pressure washer safely and correctly. Even if youve had your unit for a while, its a good idea to refresh yourself on how to use it properly before you get started on your outdoor to-do list. 1. Dress for the task. Wear indirect-vented (chemical splash) goggles for eye protection and a pair of closed-toe shoes such as sneakers or boots. 2. Before getting started, be sure to remove all electronics, cords and wires, and place them safely away from water. 3. low. Check the water screens to ensure they can freely move water. Inspect hoses and couplings; if they are cracked or brittle, replace them. 4. Know your equipment and where it can or cant be used. Never operate your gas pressure washer indoors or in enclosed structures. When operating a gas pressure washer, use it outdoors away from occupied spaces to prevent a potentially deadly buildup of carbon monoxide. 5. When operating a gas pressure washer, know the signs of potential carbon monoxide poisoning (dizziness, fatigue, headache, nausea or irregular breathing), and if you experience these symptoms get to fresh air right away and seek medical attention. 6. Always point the nozzle in a safe direction. Never operate a pressure washer near small children or pets. 7. Before storing, relieve the pressure in the system. Also run a cycle of water through the machine to eliminate any detergent residue and give the unit time to cool down before storing. 7 SAFETY TIPS FOR OPERATING A PRESSURE WASHER

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 7B rfnntbrrb rffnnttbft ftnfnnttbt nn tfn tn f 16013-1 -FOR RENTGREAT RATES FOR NICE LOOKING RENTALS WATER, SEWER, AND GARBAGE INCLUDED. NO PETS. 386-330-2567 PURPLE RIBBON UKC POCKET BULLIES FOR SALE! Now Accepting Deposits. Available 3 females 1800 & 4 males 1500 Ready Oct. 5th. Pups come with UKC registration Puppy starter pack. Awesome pedigree (Gottyline/Dax) and temperament. For More Info Call: 386-590-0348. Puppy Mom Dad Puppy 144276-1 Special Notices DEADLINES FOR CLASSIFIED & LEGAL LINE ADS: FOR WEDNESDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRATNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR FRIDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT-NOON WEDNESDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY JASPER NEWSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY MAYO FREE PRESSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR ClassiedsAre In TO ALL TRADESMEN & SERVICE PROVIDERS:Havent you always heard the old saying Big things come in small packages? Well, this is the idea for the Tri-County Service Directory seen on the classi fied pages of the Mid-Week Editions of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press!Call 386-362-1734 X102 for more info on how to place a small ad (thats the small packages part)to appear in all 3 of our publica tions which means the opportunity for your ad to be seen by more than 4000 potential customers (and thats the big things part). Drivers PREFERRED PINE STRAW INC. Looking for safe drivers!! With two-year verifiable driving experience. Home 90% of the weekends & some during the week. Paid per mile or percentage of load. Referral Bonus, Rider Policy, IRA & Aflac available. Health/Dental/ Vision available after three months.Call 386-935-2773 Professional Positions available at North Florida Community College, Madison FL: Associate Dean of Economic Development and Technical Programs; Coordi nator of Recruitment; Instruc tional Coordinator of Criminal Justice; Staff Assistant (PT) See www.nfcc.edu for details. Educational YOU CAN BE A CNA Nursing Assistants are in GREAT demand! Quest Training offers nurse taught classes. No GED required if age 18 yr. Day and Evening classes available. (386)362-1065 FIND IT IN THE Firearms GUNSHOW Sat, Sept. 29, 9am-4pm & Sun, Sept. 30, 9am-3pm Columbia Co Fairgrounds Hwy 247, Lake City, FL. Info: (386)325-6114 Yard/Estate Sales STOP BY THE SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT OFFICE 521 Demorest Street, SE Live Oak, FL AND PLACE YOUR GA RAGE (YARD, ESTATE, OR MOVING) SALE AD IN TWO EDITIONS OF THE SU WANNEE DEMOCRAT TO RECEIVE A FREE GARAGE SALE KIT* *Kit contains: 3-11X13 Signs 1Pre-Sale Checklist 1Tipsheet for a Successful Sale 1Sheet of Price Stickers Jewelry DIAMONDS FOR SALEWholesale loose diamond sales rep retiring. All shapes and sizes available. Certified and non-cer tified. Mountings also available below whole sale. Call Mike for a quote. (229)740-0356 Wanted to buy loose diamonds. .50ct and above, any shape. Cer tified or Non-certified. Will also buy mountings. Call Rocky for more information(229) 221-3680 Misc Merchandise FOR SALE: Pride (large) Electric Scooter with oxygen tank holder. $800. OBO, Electric hospital bed $300. OBO. Long car ramps & car jacks $100. OBO. 386-2055370. Misc Merchandise HAVE YOU BEEN MEANING TO CLEAR OUT SOME OF THE CLUTTER? RECYCLE, REDUCE, REUSE? MAYBE GET RID OF THAT UGLY (YOU THINK) VASE AUNT EDNA LEFT YOU IN HER WILL? WE CAN HELP! IF YOU CAN PART WITH ANY SINGLE UNWANTED ITEM FOR LESS THAN $500.00, YOU CAN RUN A 5-LINE AD WITH US FOR ONE WEEK AT NO CHARGE! (Offer restricted to one ad for one item within a 4-week period) CALL THE CLASSIFIEDS DEPARTMENT AT 386-362-1734 X102 Livestock BULLS FOR SALE Registered Angus and Sim mental bulls. Sired by the best AI sires in the business. To all of our bull buyers, every year we breed to outcross sires. That way you dont have to inbreed. We deliver free of charge up to 200 miles. Call Ed at 229-873-1230 or 229-769-3964 Manufactured Homes FSBO: 2008 DWMH (Town Manor Model #2801) 3Bd/2Ba, 28X56=1,493 s.f. Gourmet kitch en, open floor plan, lg. master bdrm & master bath w/2 vanities & separate shower & spa tub, Walk-in closets, partially furnd w/LR & DR furn. Includes (likenew appliances & new W&D) 10X16 enclosed screened porch. Bought new in 2009, used for wknd retreats only. Must see to appreciate! Must be moved. Located on Hwy 250, Live Oak, FL. Make offer! 386-776-1463 or 386-209-3513. Land/Acreage ONE ACRE PAVED ROAD FRONTAGE Beautifully Wooded, Owner Fi nance, No Down. $14,900. Only $153/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com TEN ACRES OBRIEN, FL Paved Rd, well & culvert. Owner financing. NO DOWN $69,900. $613/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Commercial/Business FOR SALE: 6500 sf warehouse on paved rd. (1K sf w/ac office/ retail space), 2 lg roll-up doors. 20608 CR 49, OBrien, FL. Own er financed: $159,900. $5K down, $1,360/mo. 352-215-1018. www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Homes For Rent Two Bdrm/One Ba home in Live Oak, FL. Newly renovated home stead on 1.6 ac. Close to every thing! NO PETS. $950/mo. first, last, $300/dep rqd. Call 318-8404802 or 386-362-3002. Apartments Village Oaks Apartments Phase 2 No Application Fee! HUD vouch ers accepted Rental assisi tance maybe available. 2 Bdrm Handicap-accessible apt avail immediately. CH/A, Laundry fa cility & playground. Convenient to schools. 386-364-7936 TDD 800-955-8771, V 800-955-8770. 705 NW Drive, Live Oak, FL 32064. Equal Housing Opportu nity. Manufactured Homes FOR RENT: 3bd/2ba DWMH. Live Oak, FL. Must have $700/ mo, first, last & $400 sec dep. 386-688-0779 (LaVon) Autos RUN YOUR TRUCK OR AUTO FOR SALE AD FOR 4 WEEKS FOR JUST A LITTLE MORE THAN THE PRICE OF 1 WEEK: 1 WEEK REGULAR RATE: $25.83 4 WEEK SPECIAL RATE: $30.90 This special rate gets you 8 issues of the Suwannee Democrat, 4 issues of The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press plus 8 days online!!! ADD A PHOTO FOR ONLY $10.50 MORE CALL NOW TO GET YOUR AD STARTED 386-362-1734 X102 RV Sales/Service WE BUY USED RVS! CALL 229-740-0375 Job Hunting?Find It In The Classieds 138571-1 TRI-COUNTY SERVICE DIRECTORY Serving Suwannee, Hamilton & Lafayette Counties These businesses are ready to serve you.Tradesmen & Service Providers:Call now to place your ads 386-362-1734 x 102 rfWeGoShop.comweshop4u@wegoshop.com 138672-1 rntbt tn n nn tntttnn nnn n n 138602BYRDS POWER EQUIPMENTSales & Service All Makes & Models 11860 E. U.S. Hwy 27 Branford, Florida Hours: Mon-Fri 7 a.m. 5 p.m. Open Saturdays 7 a.m. Noon(386) 935-1544 138640-SUBURBAN PROPANE24-Hour Emergency Service 386-454-3690 r fntbtf fntntb btnf ftf btfb tttftttt bnt 138697-1 149142-1 ANF ADVERTISING NETWORKS OF FLORIDA FLORIDA STATEWIDE rfrfntbnn tftbrrn rr rrrrrrr rrrrr rrrfntfnn rfntrrnn tnnttnbrttb tnn bnnbntnbftr nn tbnnnnnn rr bbbfff rr rbbn tbttfb r n bfn

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 8B Public Notices Protecting Your Right to Know Legals A & A MINI STORAGE 10158 90TH TRAIL LIVE OAK, FL 32060 386-208-1062 NOTICE OF SALE A&A MINI STORAGE LOCAT ED AT 10158 90TH TRAIL IN LIVE OAK, FL 32060 WILL AC CEPT BIDS ON THE CONTENTS OF THE FOLLOWING UNITS: 1. DONNA TRAHERUNITS# F-10 & F-1 CONTENTS: MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL ITEMS 2. BRANDI HILL KIRKLAND-UNIT# B37 CONTENTS: MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL ITEMS 3. KASEY BASS-UNIT# E5 CONTENTS: MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL ITEMS CONTENTS MAY BE PURCHASED IN PART OR WHOLE. PAYMENT WILL BE IN CASH ONLY. AUCTION DATE IS FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, 2018 AT 10:00 AM A&A MINI STOR AGE RESERVES THE RIGHT TO BID. 09/26, 10/03/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE 3RD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO. 18000122CAMXAX VANDERBILT MORTGAGE AND FINANCE, INC., Plaintiff, vs. UNKNOWN HEIRS, BENEFICIA RIES, DEVISEES, GRANTEES, ASSIGNEES, LIENORS, CRED ITORS, TRUSTEES AND ALL OTHER PARTIES CLAIMING AN INTEREST BY, THROUGH, UNDER OR AGAINST THE ESTATES OF HOWARD WHITE, DECEASED AND BEVERLY WHITE, DECEASED, et al., Defendants. NOTICE OF ACTION TO: UNKNOWN HEIRS, BENEFI CIARIES, DEVISEES, GRANTEES, ASSIGNEES, LIENORS, CREDI TORS, TRUSTEES AND ALL OTH ER PARTIES CLAIMING AN INTER EST BY, THROUGH, UNDER OR AGAINST THE ESTATES OF HOW ARD WHITE, DECEASED AND BEV ERLY WHITE, DECEASED 7707 168TH STREET WELLBORN, FL 32094 AND TO: All persons claiming an inter est by, through, under, or against the aforesaid Defendant(s). YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that an action in Replevin of a Mobile home described as 2000 Fleetwood Weston, VIN No. GAFLX75A36317WS21, and believed to be located at 7707 168th Street, Wellborn, FL 32094 in Suwan nee County, Florida: has been filed against you, and you are required to serve a copy of your written defenses, if any, to this ac tion on Greenspoon Marder, LLP, Default Department, Attorneys for Plaintiff, whose address is Trade Centre South, Suite 700, 100 West Cypress Creek Road, Fort Lauder dale, FL 33309 and file the original with the Clerk within 30 days after the first publication of this notice in SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT; otherwise a default and a judgment may be entered against you for the relief de manded in the Complaint. WITNESS MY HAND AND SEAL OF SAID COURT on this 14th day of Sep tember, 2018. (Court Seal) Barry A. Baker As Clerk of said Court By: /s/ Felicia Flowers As Deputy Clerk IMPORTANT: In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act, persons needing a reasonable ac commodation to participate in this proceeding should, no later than seven (7) days prior, contact the Clerk of the Courts disability coor dinator at ADA Coordinator, 173 NE Hernando Avenue, Room 408, Lake City, FL 32055, (386) 719-7428. If hearing or voice impaired, contact (TDD) (800)955-8771 via Florida Re lay System. 09/26, 10/03/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CIVIL ACTION CASE NO.: 16-000207-CA-MXAX WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A., Plaintiff, vs. CONSTANCE M. SCARAMELLINO, et al, Defendant(s). NOTICE OF SALE PURSUANT TO CHAPTER 45 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN Pursu ant to a Final Judgment of Foreclosure dated September 5, 2018, and entered in Case No. 16-000207-CA-MXAX of the Circuit Court of the THIRD Judicial Circuit in and for Suwannee County, Florida in which SPECIALIZED LOAN SERVICING LLC, is the Plaintiff and CONSTANCE M. SCARAMELLINO; JOSEPH J. SCARAMELLINO AND GLADYS B. DEESE, are defendants, the Suwannee County Clerk of the Circuit Court will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash in/on the front steps of the Suwannee Coun ty Courthouse, 200 South Ohio/Dr. MLK, Jr. Avenue, Live Oak, Florida 32064, Suwannee County, Florida at 11:00 AM on the 23rd day of October, 2018, the following described property as set forth in said Final Judgment of Foreclosure: THE WEST 1/2 OF THE NORTH WEST 1/4 OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 OF SECTION 32, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 14 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH AN EASEMENT OVER AND ACCROSS THAT PART OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBED PARCEL LYING WEST OF THE WESTERLY MAINTAINED RIGHT OF WAY LINE OF 97TH ROAD: THE NORTH 30.00 FEET OF THE EAST 1/2 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 AND THE NORTH 30.00 FEET OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4, ALL IN SEC TION 32, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 14 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH A MOBILE HOME AS A PERMANENT FIXTURE AND APPURTENANCE THERETO, DE SCRIBED AS: A 1996 MERRIT DOU BLEWIDE MOBILE HOME BEAR ING IDENTIFICATION NUMBER(S) FLHMLCF89214578A AND FLHM LCF89214578B AND TITLE NUM BER(S) 70529884 AND 70529885 A/K/A 14419 97TH ROAD, LIVE OAK, FL 32060 Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the Lis Pendens must file a claim with in 60 days after the sale. Dated in Suwannee County, Florida this 6th day of September, 2018. (Court Seal) Barry Baker, Clerk of the Circuit Court Suwannee County, Florida By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk If you are a person with a disability who needs any accommodation in order to participate in this proceeding, you are entitled, at no cost to you, to the provision of certain assistance. Persons with a disability who need any accommodation to participate should call the ADA Coordinator, Jac quetta Bradley, P.O. Box 1569, Lake City, FL 32056, (386) 719-7428, within two (2) working days of your receipt of this notice; if you are hearing impaired call (800) 955-8771; if you are voice impaired call (800) 955-8770. 09/26, 10/03/2018 Legals IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CIVIL ACTION CASE NO.: 16-000207-CA-MXAX WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A., Plaintiff, vs. CONSTANCE M. SCARAMELLINO, et al, Defendant(s). NOTICE OF SALE PURSUANT TO CHAPTER 45 NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN Pursu ant to a Final Judgment of Foreclosure dated September 5, 2018, and entered in Case No. 16-000207-CA-MXAX of the Circuit Court of the THIRD Judicial Circuit in and for Suwannee County, Florida in which SPECIALIZED LOAN SERVICING LLC, is the Plaintiff and CONSTANCE M. SCARAMELLINO; JOSEPH J. SCARAMELLINO AND GLADYS B. DEESE, are defendants, the Suwannee County Clerk of the Circuit Court will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash in/on the front steps of the Suwannee Coun ty Courthouse, 200 South Ohio/Dr. MLK, Jr. Avenue, Live Oak, Florida 32064, Suwannee County, Florida at 11:00 AM on the 23rd day of October, 2018, the following described property as set forth in said Final Judgment of Foreclosure: THE WEST 1/2 OF THE NORTH WEST 1/4 OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 OF SECTION 32, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 14 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH AN EASEMENT OVER AND ACCROSS THAT PART OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBED PARCEL LYING WEST OF THE WESTERLY MAINTAINED RIGHT OF WAY LINE OF 97TH ROAD: THE NORTH 30.00 FEET OF THE EAST 1/2 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 AND THE NORTH 30.00 FEET OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4, ALL IN SEC TION 32, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 14 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH A MOBILE HOME AS A PERMANENT FIXTURE AND APPURTENANCE THERETO, DE SCRIBED AS: A 1996 MERRIT DOU BLEWIDE MOBILE HOME BEAR ING IDENTIFICATION NUMBER(S) FLHMLCF89214578A AND FLHM LCF89214578B AND TITLE NUM BER(S) 70529884 AND 70529885 A/K/A 14419 97TH ROAD, LIVE OAK, FL 32060 Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the Lis Pendens must file a claim with in 60 days after the sale. Dated in Suwannee County, Florida this 6th day of September, 2018. (Court Seal) Barry Baker, Clerk of the Circuit Court Suwannee County, Florida By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk If you are a person with a disability who needs any accommodation in order to participate in this proceeding, you are entitled, at no cost to you, to the provision of certain assistance. Persons with a disability who need any accommodation to participate should call the ADA Coordinator, Jac quetta Bradley, P.O. Box 1569, Lake City, FL 32056, (386) 719-7428, within two (2) working days of your receipt of this notice; if you are hearing impaired call (800) 955-8771; if you are voice impaired call (800) 955-8770. 09/26, 10/03/2018 Stay Informed!Exercise Your Right To Know! IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO.: 17-CA-000177 TD BANK, N.A., AS SUCCESSOR BY MERGER TO CAROLINA FIRST BANK, AS SUCCESSOR BY MERG ER WITH MERCANTILE BANK, Plaintiff, vs. LARRY J. TOWNSEND A/K/A L.J. TOWNSEND AND LENORA TOWNSEND, HUSBAND AND WIFE; TENANT #1 and UNKNOWN TENANT(S) IN POSSESSION, IF ANY, Defendants. NOTICE OF SALE NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN pursu ant to the Consent Final Judgment of Foreclosure dated August 29, 2018, and entered in Case No. 17CA-000177 of the Circuit Court of the Third Judicial Circuit in and for Suwannee County, Florida wherein TD Bank, N.A. is Plaintiff, and Larry J. Townsend, et al. are Defendants. The Clerk of this Court shall sell to the highest and best bidder for cash on the front steps of the Suwannee Coun ty Courthouse, 200 South Ohio Ave nue, Live Oak, FL 32064 beginning at 11:00 a.m. on November 15, 2018, the following described property as set forth in said Consent Final Judgment of Foreclosure, to wit: ALL OF THE SW 1/4 OF SECTION 33, TOWNSHIP 2 SOUTH, RANGE 13 EAST, LYING WEST OF THE RIGHT OF WAY FOR STATE ROAD 51 (ALSO KNOWN AS THE HILLMAN HIGH WAY) LESS AND EXCEPT THE FOL LOWING DESCRIBED PARCELS: (A) A PARCEL OF LAND BEGINNING AT THE SOUTHWEST CORNER OF THE ABOVE DESCRIBED LAND AND RUNNING NORTHEAST, ALONG SAID STATE ROAD 51, 1000 FEET; THENCE NORTHWESTWARD TO THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF THE SW 1/4 OF SW 1/4 OF SAID SECTION; THENCE SOUTH, ALONG THE SECTION LINE, TO THE POINT OF BEGINNING; (B) FOR POINT OF BEGINNING, COMMENCE AT THE NORTH WEST CORNER OF SAID SW 1/4; THENCE RUN NORTH 883806 EAST, ALONG THE NORTH LINE OF SAID SW 1/4, A DISTANCE OF 2614.44 FEET TO THE NORTH WESTERLY RIGHT OF WAY LINE OF STATE ROAD NO. 51 (100 FOOT RIGHT OF WAY), THENCE RUN SOUTH 450546 WEST, ALONG SAID NORTHWESTERLY RIGHT OF WAY LINE, A DISTANCE OF 1694.66 FEET, THENCE RUN NORTH 445414 WEST A DISTANCE OF 880.00 FEET; THENCE RUN SOUTH 450546 WEST A DISTANCE OF 605.00 FEET; THENCE RUN SOUTH 442909 WEST A DISTANCE OF 449.02 FEET; THENCE RUN NORTH 530415 WEST A DISTANCE OF 53.54 FEET TO THE WEST LINE OF SAID SW 1/4; THENCE RUN NORTH 001726 WEST, ALONG SAID WEST LINE, A DISTANCE OF 1225.98 FEET TO THE POINT OF BEGINNING. Property Addresses: 10095 State Road 51, Live Oak, Florida 320606373 ANY PERSON CLAIMING AN INTER EST IN THE SURPLUS PROCEEDS FROM THE SALE, IF ANY, OTHER THAN THE PROPERTY OWNER AS OF THE DATE OF THE LIS PEN DENS MUST FILE A CLAIM WITHIN 60 DAYS AFTER THE SALE. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) If you are a person with a disability who needs any accommodation in order to participate in this proceeding, you are entitled, at no cost to you, to the provision of certain assistance. Persons with a disability who need any accommodation to participate should call the ADA Coordinator, Jac quetta Bradley, P.O. Box 1569, Lake City, FL 32056, 386-719-7428, within two (2) working days of your receipt of this notice; if you are hearing impaired call (800) 955-8771; if you are voice impaired call (800) 955-8770. DATED this 6th day of September, 2018. (Court Seal) BARRY A. BAKER Clerk of the Circuit Court By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk 09/26, 10/03/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO.: 2017-CA-000078 CARRINGTON MORTGAGE SERVICES, LLC, Plaintiff, vs. DAVID D. TEEMS A/K/A DAVE D. TEEMS, et al. Defendants. NOTICE OF SALE NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, pur suant to the Final Judgment entered on March 12, 2018, in the above-cap tioned action, the following property situated in Suwannee County, Florida, described as: THE W 1/2 OF THE W 1/2 OF THE SE 1/4 OF THE SE 1/4 OF SECTION 29, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 12 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH THE MOBILE HOME SITUATED THEREON WHICH IS AFFIXED TO THE AFOREMEN TIONED REAL PROPERTY AND INCORPORATED HEREIN. SIAD MOBILE HOME IS IDENTIFIED AS FOLLOWS: YEAR/MAKE/MODEL: 2000 SOUTHERN DOUBLE-WIDE SERIAL/VIN NUMBER(S): HM ST14801AGA AND HMST14801BGA Property Address: 18595 144th St., Live Oak, FL 32060 Shall be sold by the Clerk of Court, Barry Baker, on the 23rd day of Octo ber, 2018 at 11:00 a.m. at the Suwan nee County Courthouse, 200 South Ohio, MLK Jr. Ave., Live Oak, FL 32064 to the highest bidder, for cash, after giving notice as required by sec tion 45.031, Florida Statutes. Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the Lis Pendens must file a claim with in 60 days after the sale. The court, in its discretion, may enlarge the time of the sale. Notice of the changed time of sale shall be published as provided herein. WITNESS my hand and seal of this court on July 27, 2018. (Court Seal) BARRY BAKER Clerk of the Circuit Court BY: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk 09/19, 09/26/2018 Legals IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO.: 2017-CA-000078 CARRINGTON MORTGAGE SERVICES, LLC, Plaintiff, vs. DAVID D. TEEMS A/K/A DAVE D. TEEMS, et al. Defendants. NOTICE OF SALE NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, pur suant to the Final Judgment entered on March 12, 2018, in the above-cap tioned action, the following property situated in Suwannee County, Florida, described as: THE W 1/2 OF THE W 1/2 OF THE SE 1/4 OF THE SE 1/4 OF SECTION 29, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 12 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH THE MOBILE HOME SITUATED THEREON WHICH IS AFFIXED TO THE AFOREMEN TIONED REAL PROPERTY AND INCORPORATED HEREIN. SIAD MOBILE HOME IS IDENTIFIED AS FOLLOWS: YEAR/MAKE/MODEL: 2000 SOUTHERN DOUBLE-WIDE SERIAL/VIN NUMBER(S): HM ST14801AGA AND HMST14801BGA Property Address: 18595 144th St., Live Oak, FL 32060 Shall be sold by the Clerk of Court, Barry Baker, on the 23rd day of Octo ber, 2018 at 11:00 a.m. at the Suwan nee County Courthouse, 200 South Ohio, MLK Jr. Ave., Live Oak, FL 32064 to the highest bidder, for cash, after giving notice as required by sec tion 45.031, Florida Statutes. Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the Lis Pendens must file a claim with in 60 days after the sale. The court, in its discretion, may enlarge the time of the sale. Notice of the changed time of sale shall be published as provided herein. WITNESS my hand and seal of this court on July 27, 2018. (Court Seal) BARRY BAKER Clerk of the Circuit Court BY: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk 09/19, 09/26/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA PROBATE DIVISION File Number: 2018-CP-118 IN RE: THE ESTATE OF ROGER DALE BAKER, Deceased. NOTICE TO CREDITORS The administration of the estate of Roger Dale Baker, deceased, whose date of death was December 11, 2017, is pending in the Circuit Court for Suwannee County, Florida, Probate Division, the address of which is 200 Ohio Ave., S. Live Oak, FL 32064. The names and addresses of the per sonal representative and the personal representatives attorney are set forth below. All creditors of the Decedent and oth er persons having claims or demands against Decedents estate on whom a copy of this notice is required to be served must file their claims with this Court WITHIN THE LATER OF 3 MONTHS AFTER THE TIME OF THE FIRST PUBLICATION OF THIS NO TICE OR 30 DAYS AFTER THE DATE OF SERVICE OF A COPY OF THIS NOTICE ON THEM. All other creditors of the Decedent and other persons having claims or demands against Decedents estate must file their claims with this Court WITHIN 3 MONTHS AFTER THE DATE OF THE FIRST PUBLICATION OF THIS NOTICE. ALL CLAIMS NOT FILED WITHIN THE TIME PERIODS SET FORTH IN SECTION 733.702 OF THE FLORIDA PROBATE CODE WILL BE FOREVER BARRED. NOTWITHSTANDING THE TIME PE RIODS SET FORTH ABOVE, ANY CLAIM FILED TWO (2) YEARS OR MORE AFTER THE DECEDENTS DATE OF DEATH IS BARRED. The date of first publication of this no tice is September 26, 2018. THE HINSON LAW FIRM, P.A. /s/ Kathryn E. Stanfill Matthew H. Hinson, Esq. Florida Bar No. 94017 Kathryn E. Stanfill, Esq. Florida Bar No. 1002636 300 West Adams St., Suite 500 Jacksonville, FL 32202 Telephone: 904-527-1700 Facsimile: 904-355-8088 Matt@HinsonLawPA.com Kathryn@HinsonLawPA.com Attorneys for Personal Representative Personal Representative /s/Deloris Baker Deloris Baker 720 Burke Street, Southeast Live Oak, FL 32064 09/26, 10/03/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, GENERAL JURISDICTION DIVISION CASE NO. 18000024CAMXAX SPECIALIZED LOAN SERVICING, LLC Plaintiff, vs. THE UNKNOWN HEIRS, BENE FICIARIES, DEVISEES, GRANT EES, ASSIGNEES, LIENORS, CREDITORS, TRUSTEES AND ALL OTHERS WHO MAY CLAIM AN INTEREST IN THE ESTATE OF JOHN VERNON WELKNER, JR. A/K/A JOHN VERNON WELKNER (DECEASED); JOHN VERNON WELKNER III: RICHARD WELK NER; GORDON WELKNER, et al. Defendant(s). NOTICE OF FORECLOSURE SALE NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN pursu ant to a Final Judgment of Foreclo sure dated September 17, 2018 and entered in 18000024CAMXAX of the Circuit Court of the THIRD Judicial Circuit in and for SUWANNEE County, Florida, wherein SPECIALIZED LOAN SERVICING, LLC is the Plaintiff and THE UNKNOWN HEIRS, BENEFI CIARIES, DEVISEES, GRANTEES, ASSIGNEES, LIENORS, CREDI TORS, TRUSTEES AND ALL OTH ERS WHO MAY CLAIM AN INTEREST IN THE ESTATE OF JOHN VERNON WELKNER, JR. A/K/A JOHN VER NON WELKNER (DECEASED); JOHN VERNON WELKNER III: RICHARD WELKNER; GORDON WELKNER are the Defendant(s). Barry A. Baker as the Clerk of the Circuit Court will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash at the Front Steps 200 South Ohio Ave., Live Oak, FL 32064, at 11:00 AM, on October 9, 2018, the following described property as set forth in said Final Judgment, to wit: LOT NO.(S) 21, TIMBERS UNIT 3 SUBDIVISION, A SUBDIVISION AS PER THE PLAT THEREOF FILED AT PLAT BOOK 1, PAGE 241, OF THE PUBLIC RECORDS OF SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, TOGETHER WITH THAT CERTAIN 1990 DOU BLE-WIDE MOBILE HOME CON TAINING VIN#S H60252GL AND H60252GR Property Address: 12725 212TH TERRACE, OBRIEN, FL 32071 Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the lis pendens must file a claim within 60 days after the sale. Dated this 18th day of September, 2018. (Court Seal) Barry A. Baker As Clerk of the Court By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Ad Deputy Clerk IMPORTANT AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT: If you are a person with a disability who needs any accom modation in order to participate in this proceeding, you are entitled, at no cost to you, to the provision of certain assistance. Please con tact: Carrina Cooper, Court Admin istration, 173 NE Hernando Ave nue, Room 408, Lake City, Florida 32055; Phone: 386-758-2163. Con tact Court Administration at least 7 days before your scheduled court appearance, or immediately upon receiving this notification if the time before the scheduled appear ance is less than 7 days; if you are hearing impaired call 711. 09/26, 10/03/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT, THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO: 18-120-CA FIRST FEDERAL BANK OF FLORIDA, F/K/A FIRST FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK OF FLORIDA, Plaintiff, vs. JOHN L. FIELDS, NANCY C. HOLLIDAY-FIELDS, and SHANE GAITHER, Defendants. CLERKS NOTICE OF SALE UNDER F.S. CHAPTER 45 NOTICE IS GIVEN that, in accordance with the Summary Final Judgment of Foreclosure dated September 17, 2018, in the above-styled cause, I will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash at the Suwannee County Court house at 11:00 a.m. on October 11, 2018, the following described prop erty: PART OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 OF SEC TION 6, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 15 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, BEING MORE PARTICULARLY DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS: FOR POINT OF REF ERENCE, COMMENCE AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF SAID NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTH WEST 1/4; THENCE RUN SOUTH 004808 EAST ALONG THE EAST LINE OF SAID NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 A DISTANCE OF 420.00 FEET TO THE POINT OF BEGINNING; THENCE CONTINUE SOUTH 004808 EAST ALONG SAID EAST LINE, A DISTANCE OF 274.95 FEET; THENCE RUN SOUTH 883618 WEST, A DISTANCE OF 567.26 FEET; THENCE RUN NORTH 592001 WEST, A DISTANCE OF 521.52 FEET; THENCE RUN NORTH 883618 EAST, A DISTANCE OF 1012.08 FEET TO THE POINT OF BEGINNING. SUBJECT TO EXISTING COUNTY ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY. BEING A PART OF THOSE LAND AS DESCRIBED IN OFFICIAL RE CORDS BOOK 617, PAGES 55-62 OF THE PUBLIC RECORDS OF SAID COUNTY. TOGETHER WITH: A 2006 32 X 74 FLEETWOOD MOBILE HOME, I.D. #GAFL675A/B78193-AV21. THESE MOBILE HOME TITLES WILL BE RETIRED WITH THE FLORIDA DE PARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES ACCORDING TO FLORIDA STAT UTE SECTION 319.261 AND HERE AFTER ALWAYS A PART OF THIS REAL PROPERTY. Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the lis pendens must file a claim within 60 days after the sale. Dated: September 18, 2018. (Court Seal) Barry A. Baker Clerk of Court By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk 09/26, 10/03/2018 Legals IN THE CIRCUIT COURT, THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO: 18-120-CA FIRST FEDERAL BANK OF FLORIDA, F/K/A FIRST FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK OF FLORIDA, Plaintiff, vs. JOHN L. FIELDS, NANCY C. HOLLIDAY-FIELDS, and SHANE GAITHER, Defendants. CLERKS NOTICE OF SALE UNDER F.S. CHAPTER 45 NOTICE IS GIVEN that, in accordance with the Summary Final Judgment of Foreclosure dated September 17, 2018, in the above-styled cause, I will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash at the Suwannee County Court house at 11:00 a.m. on October 11, 2018, the following described prop erty: PART OF THE NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 OF SEC TION 6, TOWNSHIP 3 SOUTH, RANGE 15 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, BEING MORE PARTICULARLY DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS: FOR POINT OF REF ERENCE, COMMENCE AT THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF SAID NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTH WEST 1/4; THENCE RUN SOUTH 004808 EAST ALONG THE EAST LINE OF SAID NORTHEAST 1/4 OF THE NORTHWEST 1/4 A DISTANCE OF 420.00 FEET TO THE POINT OF BEGINNING; THENCE CONTINUE SOUTH 004808 EAST ALONG SAID EAST LINE, A DISTANCE OF 274.95 FEET; THENCE RUN SOUTH 883618 WEST, A DISTANCE OF 567.26 FEET; THENCE RUN NORTH 592001 WEST, A DISTANCE OF 521.52 FEET; THENCE RUN NORTH 883618 EAST, A DISTANCE OF 1012.08 FEET TO THE POINT OF BEGINNING. SUBJECT TO EXISTING COUNTY ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY. BEING A PART OF THOSE LAND AS DESCRIBED IN OFFICIAL RE CORDS BOOK 617, PAGES 55-62 OF THE PUBLIC RECORDS OF SAID COUNTY. TOGETHER WITH: A 2006 32 X 74 FLEETWOOD MOBILE HOME, I.D. #GAFL675A/B78193-AV21. THESE MOBILE HOME TITLES WILL BE RETIRED WITH THE FLORIDA DE PARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES ACCORDING TO FLORIDA STAT UTE SECTION 319.261 AND HERE AFTER ALWAYS A PART OF THIS REAL PROPERTY. Any person claiming an interest in the surplus from the sale, if any, other than the property owner as of the date of the lis pendens must file a claim within 60 days after the sale. Dated: September 18, 2018. (Court Seal) Barry A. Baker Clerk of Court By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk 09/26, 10/03/2018 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT, THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA CASE NO: 18-50-CA FIRST FEDERAL BANK OF FLORIDA, F/K/A FIRST FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK OF FLORIDA, Plaintiff, vs. ESTATE OF ETHEL FARMER, UN KNOWN HEIRS OF ETHEL FARM ER, and LINDA E. LACHANCE, unknown spouse of LINDA E. LACHANCE, UNKNOWN TENANTS IN POSSESSION, Defendants. THIRD AMENDED NOTICE OF ACTION To: ESTATE OF ETHEL FARMER, UNKNOWN, HEIRS OF ETHEL FARMER, unknown spouse of LINDA E. LACHANCE, UNKNOWN TENANTS IN POSSESSION, IF LIV ING AND IF DEAD, AND ANY AND ALL UNKNOWN PARTIES CLAIM ING BY, THROUGH, UNDER, AND AGAINST THE HEREIN NAMED INDIVIDUAL DEFENDANT(S) WHO ARE NOT KNOWN TO BE DEAD OR ALIVE, WHETHER SAID UN KNOWN PARTIES MAY CLAIM AN INTEREST AS SPOUSES, HEIRS, DEVISEES, GRANTEES, OR OTHER CLAIMANTS AND ANY UNKNOWN TENANTS IN POSSESSION, IF ANY. LAST KNOWN RESIDENCE/ ADDRESS FOR ESTATE OF ETHEL FARMER: 20281 33rd Dr., Wellborn, FL 32094. CURRENT RESIDENCE/ ADDRESS is UNKNOWN. Last known residence/address for un known spouse of Linda E. Lachance: 208 N. Morgan Street, Kingsport, TN 37664. Current residence/address as to the unknown spouse of Linda E. LaChance is unknown. List Addresses of Attempted Service: 20281 33rd Dr., Wellborn, FL 32094. The identities, whereabouts, and residences/addresses as to all other Defendants listed above are unknown. YOU ARE NOTIFIED that an action to Foreclose a Mortgage on the following described property located in Suwan nee County, Florida: Lot 34 of FLORIDA HILLS, UNIT 3, a subdivision, according to the Plat thereof as recorded in Plat Book 1, Page(s) 302, of the Public Records of Suwannee County, Florida. TOGETHER WITH a 1988 SPRI Mo bile Home, Identification Numbers GAFLH34A&B08943SH, Title Num bers 45926759 & 45922592 Parcel Identification Number: 00924030340 has been filed against you and that you are required to serve a copy of your written defenses, if any, within 30 days after the first publication, on Thomas J. Kennon, III, Esquire, Attor ney for Plaintiff, whose address is 582 West Duval Street, Lake City, Florida 32055, no later than thirty (30) days after the first publication of this notice, and file the original with the Clerk of this Court at 200 Ohio Ave., S, Live Oak, Florida 32064, before service on Plaintiffs Attorney or immediately thereafter. If you fail to do so, a de fault may be entered against you for the relief demanded in the Com plaint. AMERICANS WITH DISABILITY ACT: If you are a person with a disability who needs any accommodation in order to participate in this proceeding, you are entitled, at no cost to you, to the provision of certain assistance. Please contact: Carrina Cooper, Court Administration, 173 NE Hernando Av enue, Room 408, Lake City, Florida 32055; Phone: 386-758-2163 at least 7 days before your scheduled court appearance, or immediately upon receiving this notification if the time before the scheduled appearance is less than 7 days; if you are hearing impaired call 711. Dated this 20th day of September, 2018. (Court Seal) CLERK OF THE CIRCUIT COURT By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk 09/26, 10/03/2018 PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 9B Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018

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SEPTEMBER 26 & 27, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 10B Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete wi