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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028419/02238
 Material Information
Title: The star
Uniform Title: Star (Port Saint Joe, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: W.S. Smith
Place of Publication: Port St. Joe Fla
Creation Date: September 28, 1978
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Port Saint Joe (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Gulf County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Gulf -- Port Saint Joe
Coordinates: 29.814722 x -85.297222 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1937.
General Note: Editor: Wesley R. Ramsey, <1970>.
General Note: Publisher: The Star Pub. Co., <1970>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 7 (Dec. 2, 1938).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358020
oclc - 33602057
notis - ABZ6320
lccn - sn 95047323
System ID: UF00028419:02238

Full Text
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Industry - Deep Water Port - Fine People - Safest Beaches in Florida

PORT ST. JOE, FLORIDA 32456 THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1978


Florida Power Looking At White City Area




Gulf In Running As




Power Plant Site


Florida Power Corporation
is looking at Gulf County as one
of eight possible sites on which
to construct a major. new
electric generating plant, ac-
cording to an announcement
this week by Ed Leuchs, man-
ager of the ApalacheePlanning
Council.
In meetings with the Port
Authority on Monday and the
County Commission Tuesday
night, Leuchs said his firm had
been employed to do an econ-
omic impact study on the south
end of. the county for such an
installation. He said a Califor-
nia firm has been employed by
the Florida utility to study. land
sites for the, new plant. At
present, eight sites are under
study, with the possible field to


be narrowed down to three by
mid-October.
Leuchs said the FPC has
said the plant will begin con-
struction in late 1979 or early
1980 and will take approxi-
mately 10 years to complete.
"They tell us they will have up
to 2,500 men on the payroll
during construction and a force
of 450 to operate the plant after
it is completed", Leuchs said.
CANAL SITE4
The planning agency head
said it is his information the
plant site to be considered in
this area is located on the Gulf
County Canal in the White City
area. He had no definite infor-
mation as to just what parcel of
land was being considered in
the plans.


Leuchs said the new plant
would be a coal burning facil-
ity, importing coal by barge to
the plant site. Leuchs told the
Port Authority people this
would give the new port, cur-
rently under the planning stage
here in Port St. Joe, a good
potential customer.
In his presentation to the
County Commission Tuesday
night, Leuchs was asking for
the permission of the County
Commission to use ADC mem-
bership funds to conduct, the
economic impact study. Since,
Gulf County is a member of the
Council, their approval was
needed to make the study,
expenditure.
The County gave its bles-
sings to the expenditure.


Port Authority to


Hire Firm to Make


Spcaos gte rudoeo h asivle na ageHlwowsijrdi h ciet


Spectators gather around one of the cars involved in an Maggie Hall, who was injured in the accident.
accident last Wednesday as Medical Technicians tend -Star photo



Cars Involved In Collision


Two cars collided in an
accident last Wednesday eve-
ning at the intersection of
Woodward Avenue and Fifth
Street.
According to a report filed
by City Police .Patrolman


Larry O'Shall, Mrs. Donna
Jean Cannon of 515 Third
Street was travelling east on
Fifth Street, when she made a
left turn into the Woodward
Avenue intersection, crossing
into the westbound lane of
Fifth Street.
When Mrs. .Cannon's car
entered the westbound lane, it


struck the left front of a
second auto, driven by Free-
donna Grason Ray of 225
Avenue G, which was headed
west.
Officer O'Shall estimated
the damages at approximate-
ly $900 to the Ray vehicle. The
Cannon car was totally de-
stroyed.


Maggie Hall, 153 Avenue G,
a passenger in the Ray vehicle
was taken to Municipal Hospi-
tal by Gulf County Volunteer
Ambulance for treatment of.
injuries.
Officer O'Shall charged
Mrs. Cannon with no valid
driver license and violation of
right of way.


Cast Ballots Next Thursday


Feasibility Study

In a meeting of the Port ing arrangements for the port
Authority Monday afternoon, should be completed by late
chairman George Tapper told 1979 and the project ready to
the group that bids from firms begin construction proceed-
to do the feasibility study for ings.
the. new proposed port here Tapper said he had also
would be returnable on Octo- Tapper said he had also
c1W eo been in contact with Allan
ber 15. "We're hoping to get a Potter, the new Department of
firm to do the study free", Transportation Engineer for
Tapper said, "And I think we this district and had been
can do it."
can do t been ' assured the new bridge for the
ThePortAuthority had been Gulf County Canal at Highland
given, a $50,000 grant by View is still in progress, even
Coastal Plains Development with the change in top echelon
to conduct the feasibility of the DOT due to the retire-
study for the local organiza- meant of Torn Webb and a new
tion. The study will be manag- Gubernatorial election.
ed by the Apalachee Planning
Council. Tapper said, "Everything
The Authority agreed to sift hinges on this new bridge. Our
out the best three bids pre- people will be working with
sented then conduct personal the State planners to see that
interviews with the three low the final result will be compat-
bidders prior to making a final ible to our planned port opera-
selection. tions here". Tapper also said
Tapper said the time sche- Potter had assured him, "I
dule now in progress would committed it (the bridge) and
indicate the study and financ- it's still committed."


Voters WillMake



History Next Week


Three Score and Two
Port St. Joe Chief of Police H. W. "Buck"
Griffin marked number 62 last Thursday.
Buck was feted at his annual birthday party
at Pauline's Restaurant where many of his


host of friends called during the afternoon to
give Buck their good wishes and eat a piece of
birthday cake with him. Shown with Buck are
his wife, Elsie, left, his grandson, Kevin, to
his left and Mrs. Pauline Mouchette, shown
. cutting a piece of cake.
-Star photo


You can help Gulf County
and the State of Florida make
history next week by going to
the polls to vote on Thursday
of next week. It will be the
first time Florida voters have
gone to the polls on a day than
other Tuesday. The polling
date has been changed due to
the Jewish New Year falling
on the Monday prior to the
usual election day.
Only one strictly local ques-
tion will be on the ballot. This
will be the run-off between
Walter M. Graham and James
L. Tankersley for County
Commission, District 4.
Another race which will
have local effect .will be the
Congressional run-off for De-
mocratic nomination between


Curtis Golden of Escambia"
County and Earl Hutto of
Panama City. The two are
competing to see who goes
against the Republican nomi-
nee, Wayne Briggs of Escam-
bia County.
Of state-wide interest will be
the Democratic nomination of
a Gubernatorial candidate
and the offices of Secretary of
State and Attorney General.
On the ticket for Governor
are the teams of Bob Graham
and Wayne Mixson, opposing.
Robert L. Shevin and Jim
Glisson. The Graham-Mixson
team carried Gulf County in
the first primary.
For Secretary of State, it
will be Beverly F. Dozier
against George Firestone.


For Attorney General, Alan
Becker will face Jim Smith.
In Gulf County's first round
of voting, Ms. Dozier and
Smith were the high vote
getters.
Polls will be open from 7:00
a.m., to 7:00 p.m., and the 11
precinct stations will be locat-
ed in the same place as they
were in the first primary.
ABSENTEE BALLOTS
Absentee ballots are now
available in the office of Mrs.
Dessie Lee Parker, supervisor
of Elections in Gulf County.
Her office will also be open all
day Saturday from 9:00 a.m.,
to 5:00 p.m., to allow voters to
cast their absentee ballots if
they plan to be out of the
county on election day.


Receive Bid to Compile


photo building a mold to cast a
Taking fiberglass 60 foot fishing traw-
ler.
The trawler, being built at
Shape Raffield's Fisheries on the
banks of the Canal, will be
Fred Buskins of Overstreet, unique in its equipment and
is shown hard at work in this capabilities.


According to Gene Raffield,
manager of the firm, the boat
will be 60 feet long, 24 feet
wide, draw six feet of water,
have a 100,000 pound capacity
and be powered by a 350
horsepower deisel engine. The
boat will have a speed of 12


knots.
After the'fiberglass mold is
made, all of Buskin's hard
work of putting this frame
together will be dashed to
pieces when the frame is
demolished.
-Star photo


Gulf's
The Gulf County Commie
sion was presented with
bid, Tuesday night, to mak
up the county's comprehend
sive plan as required by th
State of Florida and the U.S
government. Ed Leuchs, man
ager of the Apalachee Plan
ning Council and Don Johnson
Planning Program Coordina
tor, gave the county a bid o
$20,000 to provide plans for th
county and the cities of Por
St. Joe and Wewahitchka.
Leuchs told the Board tha
his bid would be some $12,00
less than the money which'
would be available through
grants and local matching
funds for the project. Th
county has received a grant c
$12,000 for the study and mus
.match this money with $6,00
local funds. The City of Por
St. Joe has a grant of $5,62
approved with a $2,816 loca
match. The City of Wewa
hitchka has a grant of $5,00
and must put up $2,500 loca
money. Leuchs said his pro
posal would save money for al
three government agencies in
the county.


Comprehensive Plan
s- only nine subjects were re- AMBULANCE BUILDING building, containing three ve-
a quired iri the plan. These Ambulance squad members hicle parking stalls and a
:e included: from Wewahitchka presented .meeting room. Whitfield esti-
n- 1. Future land use. the Commission with a plan mated the building would cost
ie 2. Traffic circulation. for a new ambulance building around $45,000.
S. 3. Sanitary sewer, solid for the north end of the County The Board accepted the
n- waste, drainage and potable Tuesday night. The Commis- plans and agreed to call for
n- water. sion had earlier agreed to construction bids immediate-
n, 4. Conservation. build the facility from revenue ly, to be returned at their
a- 5. Recreation. sharing funds in the fiscal 1978 October 24 meeting.
of 6. Housing. budget.
ie 7. Coastal zone protec- Houston Whitfield, an assis- DISCUSS WEWA DOCTOR


rt

at
0
h
h
g
e
if

0
rt
3

ln
n-
0
.l
I-
1


Leuchs pointed out to the
Commission Tuesday that


tion.
8. Intergovernmental co-
ordination.
9. Utilities.
In addition, Leuchs said his
price would include three
other areas of study and
planning. These include:
10. Industrial develop-
ment.
11. Port study.
12. Capital improvements
program.
Neither of these three sub-
jects are necessary to meet
state and federal require-
ments, but he felt they were
necessary for Gulf County to
plan its future.
The Commission said they
would give Leuchs an answer
on his proposal at the next
meeting of the Board.


tant to Charles Arthur Gaskin,
Architect, presented the plans
to the Commission, which
called for a 50 by 50 foot


Wewahitchka Mayor Ed
Bandjough, asked the Com-
mission to clear up a financial
(Continued On Page 3)


Two Wewa Residents

Nabbed On Pot Charge


Sheriff Ken Murphy said
this week, his department has
arrested two Wewahitchka
residents on charges of sale of
marijuana and conspiracy to
sell marijuana.
Arrested were Joel Melton
Smith, age 19, for sale of
marijuana in excess of five
grams and Creamer Darlene
Atwell, age 21, for conspiracy
to sell marijuana in excess of
five grams.


Sheriff Murphy said the
arrests took place after a
lengthy investigation by Sher-
iff's deputies in the Wewa-
hitchka area and after Joel
Smith had allegedly sold mar-
ijuana in excess of five grams
to an undercover agent of tlhe
Sheriff's Department.
Both Smith and Atwell were
lodged in the Gulf County jail
and later released after each
had posted a $1,500 bond.


0









THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978


Editorials..,




We Pick Hutto, Graham-


Mixson and Firestone


We did pretty good on our state
and national picks during the first.
primary election. We voted for five
of the winners or those who made the,
second primary and lost in three
elections.
' This time around, we'll 'stick
with some and, change in other
, races. The. change is coming be-
cause our first choice didn't make
the run-offs.
In the Congressional election,
we will stick with our first choice
and go all the way for Earl Hutto.
We repeat, we know him to be an
. honest and capable man with a
christian conviction that we do not
believe can be compromised with
-.;1 wrong-doing. Hutto has served this
area well'in the state Legislature,
even though on occasion he voted
contrary to our druthers; We don't
, expect a public servant to go along
with us right down the line. Hutto
shares our belief in being honest,
fair and a tenacity to stick up for
what is right.
In the Governor's, race, we're


going for our close second choice.
We voted for Jim Williams in the
first primary for his character,
ability-and especially for the help he
had given us in securing approval of
a new bridge at Highland View. Bob
Graham and Wayne Mixson didn't
have the opportunity to give us the
help Williams did, but we, believe
them to have all the other creden-
tials which made us vote for
Williams. Also,, Graham's standing
up for Shevin last week when
someone attacked his religion and
race made us think considerably
more of Graham. We don't agree
with the tactic of using race or
religion to attack a man. We believe
that every man is a man first and a
member of some race or religion
second.. Apparently Bob Graham
believes the same way and has
earned our support.
For Secretary of State, we'll
also go for our second choice,
Senator George Firestone. We think
he has the ability to serve in that
office well and service is what it is
all about.. o


Break A Habit


We'll all have to stay on our toes
next week in order to break a long
habit of voting on a Tuesday. Next
week, for the first time we can
remember, Florida voters will go to
the polls on a Thursday to cast
ballots- in the second' primary elec-
tion:
Here in Gulf County, there is
only one "local" race on the ballot,
so that may make it that much
easier to forget to vote; easier than
it was to forget in. the first primary
when only 60 percent were able to
work the five minutes it takes to cast
a ballot into their busy schedule.
Even with only one strictly local
question on the ballot, there are still
races to be decided which are
important to Gulf County and its
people. There. are questions to be
resolved as to who will represent the
Democratic party in the general
elections in November. Too, voters
must select a Democratic candidate
for Governor, Secretary of State and


Attorney General of our state.
These are not only privileges,
they are a part of our duty as
citizens to have a voice in hiring the
people who will manage our affairs
over the next two to four years in
very important 'areas. They don't
deserve to be handled in a lackadai-
sical manner.
It concerns us that more and
more people are, demanding more
and more of the tax dollar and are
paying less and less attention to the
ones who manage that dollar and our
future.
Even the one local question
should be enough to bring the people
to the polls. in droves. We will be
deciding who to hire to an $8,000 a
year part-time job, to manage $2.5
million of our money and manage
the affairs of several very important
services in our county.
Everyone should be concerned
about this: concerned enough to take
the time to vote next Thursday.


Gulf Sales Show 2.9% Increase


Florida's retail sales totaled retail sales last year. Included Jacksonville, $2.5 billion;
$35 billion in 1977 representing were Miami, ranked 20th with West Palm Beach - Boca
almost five percent of the total $6 billion; Tampa - St. Peters- Raton, $2.2 billion; Lakeland -
U.S. retail sales and nearly a burg, 24th with $5.4 billion; Ft.. Winter Haven, $1.1 billion;
13 percent increase over the Lauderdale - Hollywood, 35th Pensacola, $1.1 billion; Mel-
previous year's total., with $3.7 billion., bourne - Titusville - Cocoa, $1
Four of Florida's sixteen Ten of the state's remaining billion; Daytona Beach $1
Standard Metropolitan Statis- SMSAs were ranked in the top billion; Sarasota, $830 million;
tical Areas (SMSAs) ranked in 200 nationally. Those areas Fort Myers, $723 million;
the top 50 nationally for total and their retail sales include Gainesville, $592 million. "
Sales figures for 1977 indi-
cate increases in each county
Boosters Selling Calendars except Glades overthe pre-
vious year. Ten counties
The Band Boosters annual sold by the Band Boosters as a claimed an increase of 18.4
Birthday calendar is now on fund raising project each 'percent, the highest reported,
sale through October 10, ac- year. , while Gilchrist claimed the
cording to Mrs. Tillman Reg- Those wishing to have a date smallest, an increase of .7
ister. placed on the calendar or percent.
The calendars feature dates purchase one-of the calendars, Sales figures for 1977 show
of birthdays, anniversaries, which are printed on order, that Gulf County had an
etc., of local people and are' are asked to call 229-6856. increase of 2.9 percent.


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Psalm 103:17-18 and 13
KEY WORD: God's Kindness
(Verse 17) "But the mercy
of the Lord is from everlasting
to everlasting upon them that
fear him, and his righteous-
ness unto children's children;
(Verse 18) to such as keep his


covenant, and to those that
remember his command-
ments to do them." (Verse 13)
"Like as a father pitieth his
children, so the Lord pitieth
them that fear him."
Psalm 103 is an offering of
thanksgiving to God for His


Mercy. To read it is to learn
something of God's love for
you! Verse 17 assures us God's
mercy is forever (everlasting
to everlasting) to those who
honor (fear) Him. And then
God gives a special promise to
parents. His justness and fair-
ness (righteousness) is ex-
tended unto our children's
children! But, there is a
condition. (Verse 18) We must
remember our spiritual agree-
ment (covenant) with God and
to remember and do His


Sp reading I W in drying, while its crew sleeps the day away on the edge of St. Joseph Bay. The
SpreItS shrimpers fish the bay by night and sleep.during the daylight hours. The drying
nets appear to be wings which might lift the boat from the water if they get to
This shrimp boat has its nets and boards gracefully -spread to the sun, flapping very vigorously. -Star photo


The Farm Front


What If You Were Told to Quit


DrinkingWater, Eating Vegetables?


By Doyle Conner
Fla. Dept. of Ag.
What would be your reaction
if the government told you to
quit drinking water and eating
fresh, leafy vegetables, be-'
cause'if you didn't you might
Contract lymphatic cancer?
The question is not as stupid,
as it may at first 'appear,-
because it is closely related to
the proposition of banning the
use of nitrites in curing meat
and other foods to prevent
botulism, a deadly food poi-
soning. .
A scientist at the Massachu- ,
setts Institute of Technology
who studied the effects of
nitrites on laboratory rats has
said the study strongly sug-
gests there is evidence that
nitrites "may increase'the
incidence of human cancer."
The Food and Drug Admini-
stration, which financed the
$500,000 study, and the U.S.
Department of Agriculture'
have asked the Justice De-
partment whether it would be
legal to begin banning nitrites
in curing bacon, ham, hot dogs
and other-products,, or whe-
ther the law requires an
immediate ban on nitrites.
Lost in the hullabaloo over
the suggestion to ban nitrites
were some significant scienti-
fic facts:
Rats exposed to nitrites in
their diet in the four-year
study are not humans and
may not react to nitrite expo-
sure as people do.
Incidence of cancer among
exposed rats was 12.5 per cent,
but 8.4 per cent of those rats on
a nitrite-free diet also devel-
oped cancer.
Just two per cent of human
exposure to nitrites is in the
form of processed meats, and
, just 20 per cent of nitrite
exposure is from processed
food. The remaining 80 per
cent comes from drinking
water, common fresh vegeta-
bles, and the body's own
manufacturing system which
synthesizes nitrites from nat-


charges as our King (com-
mandments). Here we see the
responsibility parents have of
making God the King of our
lives. We teach by doing! We
honor God by doing His com-
mandments! It is important
that parents be Christians.
In Verse 13, God likens
Himself to an earthly father
that is kind to (pitieth his
children. As the parent is kind
to his children so is God kind
to. us who are His children.
Praise the Lord, isn't He
wonderful!


ural sources including the air
we breathe.
These scientific facts are
cited by the Council for Agri-
cultural Science and Techno-
logy, a professional associa-
tion pf 25 national scientific
- societies in food and agricul-
ture, and the National Live-
stock and Meat Board, which


.has its own food technologists
and scientific laboratories.
The meat board noted that
nitrite is a protective agent
that has been used for more
than 20 centuries in curing
meat and that it is the only
presently-known ingredient
that is generally regarded as
safe.


ETAOIN SHRDLU





FALL FELL Saturday with a warm day and
bright sunshine to make the falling easier.
As if to welcome in the season which means
crisp, cool days farther north, the little kids flag
football league was in full swing Saturday
morning, with what looked like over 100 kids
trying for that touchdown in the softball park
bright and early Saturday morning.
There was a share of doting parents and
grandparents on hand to watch as the kids ran,
passed and kicked away the morning.
Fall doesn't mean too much of a season
change here in the Panhandle of Florida. I
suppose it means'even less in the central and
southern portion of the state.
A little farther north in these United States,
fall is a special time of the year, which heralds
the end of the 95 degree day for another season.

WITH THE COMING of Fall in this part of.
Florida, the bird hunters begin to sniff the air
because they know it isn't long until it's time to,
go hunting the grey "pigeons" which inhabit the
grain fields of the Panhandle. The official
starting gun for the beginning of dove season this
year will sound at noon on Saturday, October 7. A
little more of a real autumn would help the dove
hunters a great deal. It takes cool weather to
make the birds fly in earnest.
And, they have to fly in REAL earnest in
order for me to get enough to eat from my own
efforts. On the other hand, I'm a champion at
enjoying a good dove hunt, even though my
greatest "reward" is in helping the financial
report of the shell people. I shoot far more than I
get. In other words, I'm about the best
dove-scarer you ever saw.

IF YOU didn't get a .chance to read the
Revised Constitution the last time we printed it
here in The Star, you have another chance this
week. It is being printed in its entirety in this
week's issue for the last time prior to the
November election when we will be asked to vote


The Council for Agricultural
Science and Technology, cit-
ing an analysis of nitrite and
cured meat, says if there is a
nitrite hazard, it is "primarily
a consequence of the normal
functioning of the body and it
has essentially nothing to do
with ingestion of nitrite in food
and water."


SALTY
SALLY


2n


By: Wesley R. Ramsey


A Layman's View BY: BILLY NORRIS


Bible Notes


F


- THE STAR POSTOFFICE BOX 308 SUBSCRIPTIONS INVARIABLY PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
Wly4 - PHONE 227-1278 IN COUNTY-ONE YEAR, SS.00 SiX MONTHS, S3.00 THREE MONTHS, 127.50
Published Every Thursday at 306 Williams Avenue, Port St. Joe, Florida OUT OF COUNTY-7.O00 OUT OF U.S.--One Year, S9.00
By TheStarPublishingCompany PORT ST. JOE, FLORIDA 32456
Second-ClassPPostagePaidMatPort St. Joe, Florida 32456 TO ADVERTISERS--In case of error dr omissions In advertisements, the publishers do not hold
themselves liable for damage further than amount received for such advertisement.
Wesley R. Ramsey .................. Editor and Publisher CNCASOTA PAD
. William H. Ramsey ...... ............. . Production Supt. SECONCLASS POSTAGE PAID The spoken word is given scant attention; the printed word Is thoughtfully weighed. The spoken word
WWS Frenchie L. Ramsey .................... Office Manager ATPORTST.JOEFLORIDA 3246 barely asserts; the printed word thoroughly convinces. The spoken word is lost; the printed word remains.
Shirley K. Ramsey ........................ Typesetter
\ lUHH ��__� ��� ^ � I I II I I^� ^� ^ ^ ^ �� � ^� � ^ ^ ^ ^^^ ^^^


'- " PAGE TiWO


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on whether or not the people of Florida want to
scrap the old one and adopt the new one.
The new document does contain a few good
things which we would all like to see adopted. It
contains some things on the other side of the
ledger, also. It would be to your advantage to
read the new document and decide for yourself,
whether or not you think the good points
outweigh the bad enough to allow you to vote for
its adoption or whether the reverse situation
applies in your particular situation.
We ought tobe informed about this, since it
will be another 10 years before we have a chance
at making substantial changes.

WITH ELECTION day coming up next
Thursday, I thought you might like to rea. the
reprinted paragraph below. Written by a college
professor by the name of Alexander Titler, it w)f
give you something to ponder before you walk if
that voting booth next Thursday and pull the
lever for your favorite candidate.
Professor Titler says:
"A Democracy cannot exist as a perman*
form of government. It can only exist until tlie
voters discover that they can vote themselves
largess from the public treasury. From that
moment on the majority always votes for the
candidate promising the most benefits from the
public treasury, with the result that a democracy
always collapses over loose fiscal policy, always
followed by a dictatorship.
"The average age of the world's great
civilizations has been 200 years. These nations
have progressed through this sequence: From
bondage to spiritual faith; from spiritual faith to
great courage; from courage to liberty; from
liberty the source to abundance; from abund-
ance to selfishness; from selfishness to com-
placency; from complacency to apathy; from
apathy to dependency; and from dependency
back again to bondage."
And who says history doesn't teach us
something?

WITH THE discovery of an abundance of oil
in southern Mexico and the giving away of the
Panama Canal, nearby, in the year 2000, it was
nothing but inevitable that rebellion should
break out somewhere in the vicinity of both to
gain control over these two prizes. Nicaragua
seems to have drawn the lucky number. Being
the most vulnerable with its dictator-type
government, it was ripe for a fall.
Right on schedule, and according to plan, we
are aiding and abetting the fall. ^


i
















The two Democratic, candi-
dates for the U. S. Congress
will be in Port St. Joe this
week to meet with the people
and local supporters.
Earl Hutto will be in Port St.
Joe Friday morning, Septem-


Players

At Wewa
Final reminder concerning
the Agape Players. This excit-
ing music and drama group
will be at Wewahitchka First
Baptist Church on October 3,
1978 at 7:00 p.m. CST. Every-
one is invited to come and
bring friends to this sharing of
the abundant life through'
Jesus Christ.


ber 29 at Paulines Restaurant
from 7:00 to 9:00 a.m., for a
dutch treat'breakfast. Hutto
asks everyone to come have
breakfast with him.,
This afternoon, at 1:00 p.m.,

OBITUARIES:


-THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978


Curtis Golden and Earl


Hutto Here Campaigning


Curtis Golden will be at Pau-
line's Restaurant at 1:00 p.m.,
to discuss the problems facing
the nation and this area with
anyone who wants to meet the
candidate.


John R. Schenider, Dies

Following Lenthy Illness


John R. Schneider, 62, a
resident of Overstreet passed
away Saturday afternoon in,
Gulf Coast Community Hospi-'
tal in Panama City following
an extended illness
4He was a native of Milwau-
kee, Wisconsin, a World War


II veteran and an employee of
the Gulf County Association
for Retarded Citizens.
Survivors include his wife,
Mrs. Helga Schneider of Over-
street.
Rosary was said Tuesday
evening at 7:00 p.m. in the
Comforter Funeral, Home
Chapel.
Requiem Mass was said at
10:00 a.m. Wednesday .morn-
ing in the St. Joseph Catholic
Church by Father Benedict P.
Militella.
Interment followed in the
family plot of Pleasant Rest
Cemetery, at Overstreet.
All services were under the
direction of Comforter Fune-
ral Home.

Rites Held for

Emma Erwin, 88
Mrs. Emma Ervin, 88, pas-
sed away Friday, Sept. 15
..following an extended illness.
She was a native of Columbus,
Ga. and had lived here for the
last 50 years. She was a
member of Zion Fair Baptist
Church.
Survivors include: her hus-
band, Ernest "Tallahassee"
Ervin of Port St. Joe and a
daughter-in-law, Mrs. Cornel-
ius Coy of Tarpon Springs.
Funeral services .were held
Wednesday, Sept. 20 at 1:00
p.m. at the Zion Fair Baptist
Church with Rev. Charles P.
Price officiating. Interment
was at Forest Hill Cemetery in
Port St. Joe.
All services were under the.
directionon 6f Comforter F.une-
ral Home.


Chats with Editor
In the photo above, Mrs. Jack Eckerd,
wife of the Republican nominee for Governor,


County.... from Page 1


deal the County had made a
month ago to aid the City. of
Wewahitchka in absorbing the
expenses of Dr. Manuel Luna
until he could be accepted
under the National Health
Service plan and have his
salary paid by the federal
medical aid plan of HEW.
Earlier, the County Com-
mission had agreed to absorb
up to $300 a week for 12 weeks
of the doctor's expenses, in
order to help Wewahitchka
obtain a permanent doctor in
the community. Since that,
time, a second doctor has
moved into Wewahitchka on
his own, not asking for finan-
cial aid.
Bandjough.said there is
some speculation Dr. Luna.
'will not accept government
aid after all, since his practice
is being accepted so readily.
Bandjough said the doctor is
already seeing 20 and more
patients per day. Under the
federal program., his annual
salary 'would be limited to
$35,000, paid by the govern:'


discusses problems in the State and exchan-
ges views with Wesley R. Ramsey, editor of
The Star. Mrs. Eckerd paid her visit to the
newspaper while in Port St. Joe last
Wednesday. -Star photo


ment for a period of one year
to help him get established.
The County stood by its
earlier agreement to furnish
up to $300 a week for three
months or until Dr. Luna gets
.accepted under the federal
program, whichever comes
first, in order to furnish
medical service to the city.
OTHER BUSINESS
In other business, the Com-
Smission:
-Agreed to study a recom-
mendation by E. F. Gunn
toward tightening up its build-
ing inspection restrictions and
to establish a realistic build-
ing and inspection permit fee.
-Heard a complaint from
"Smokey" Smith that while
the VA officer, was away at
school an urgent need came up
for service from the office and
urged the hiring of a second
person, for the office. Chair-
man Gortman said this was a
one-time instruction course.
and the office would offer,
adequate service in the future.


Mrs. Jack Eckerd, who was
touring in the Panhandle last
week, made a stop in Port St.
Joe. Mrs. Eckerd was at a
disadvantage for a campaign-
er, in that she could hardly
talk from a bad case of
laryngitis. She presented a
slide presentation to guests at
a coffee, held at the social hall
of St. Joseph Catholic Church
last Wednesday morning.
Mrs. Steve Taylor, local co-
ordinator for the Eckerd cam-
paign in Gulf County, intro-
duced the honoree to the
guests who had gathered to
meet Mrs. Eckerd and to
listen to and exchange ideas
and views for the future
leadership of Florida.
Pete Munroe of Havana,
who is serving as field repre-
sentative in the Panhandle for
the campaign, accompanied
Mrs. Eckerd.
While in Port St. Joe, Mrs.
Eckerd made several calls
throughout the community,


including a visit here at The
Star.

Honoring

Pastor for

25th Year
The congregation of the
Long Avenue Baptist Church
invites everyone to join them
Sunday, October 1, as they
honor their pastor, Rev. J.C.
Odum, -on the occasion of his
twenty fifth anniversary as
pastor of the local church.
Plan to attend the special
Pastor Appreciation Day ser-
vice at 2:00 in the afternoon
and enjoy special music, tes-
timony and good fellowship.

Phi Beta Kappa was founded
in 1776 as a social fraternity,
the first at an American
college.


Mrs. Eckerd


Here for Jack


ANNOUNCING

"Parenting SkiIIs

Workshop "
Presented by Professionals of
The Gulf County Guidance Clinic
Open to .
Parents and Teachers of children
2 to 12 years old
'To develop skills in child rearing; and to improve
your child's development. ,

TOPICS:
Effective Discipline
Goals of Children's Misbehavior
Encouraging "Good" Behavior
Talking Effectively with Children

Monday starting October 9

Gulf County Guidance Clinic
7:00- 8:30 p.m. on Six (6)
Only $4.00 per session (Includes Materials)
Register In Advance .
by Contacting the Guidance Clinic (227-1145) '


I . EARLHUTTOI


* Wants to Meet

YOU

You can meet Earl at a Dutch
treat breakfast, Friday,
September 29, at Pauline's
Restaurant. Earl will be at
* Pauline's from 7-9 a.m. and will,
speak at 8 a.m. Earl is looking
* forward to visiting with you.


I EARLHUTTO

FOR CONGRESS
Paid Political Advertisement by The
SEarl Hutto for Congress Campaign
***********************************************


PAGE THREE




-. - -- .L - -

,'*I J~ - -
-I--


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978


ose
e I
end
ng.


Beginner's Painting

Class Starting


Meeting to Select Parent


Advisory Council
A meeting will be held in fle elected at this meeting. Mem-
library of Highland View bership is open to parents of
Elementary School, Monday, both Title I and non-title I
.October 2, at 7:00 p.m., for the children as long as a majority
-purpose of organizing the of the members are Title I
Highland View Elementary
School Title I Parent Advisory
-Council for the 1978-79 school A ssoc
year. All parents of children ssociai
living in the Highland View
Elementary School atten- R etarde
dance area are encouraged to
attend to learn more about the
Title I program and help in the The Gulf County Association
selection of the school Title I for Retarded Citizens will hold
Parent Advisory Council; its annual meeting on Thurs-
During the meeting, there day, October 5, at 7:00 p.m. in
.will be a brief explanation of the meeting room of the Port
: the Title I program in general, St. Joe Public Library. The
with special emphasis on how purpose of the meeting is to
- the program is currently oper- elect. new officers for 'the
, .ting in Highland View Elem- G.C.A.R.C. Board of Direc-
entary School. Parents will be tors.
able to meet the Title I teacher The dominating committee
Sand ask any questions -they, will present its candidates for
':might have concerning their president, vice-president, se-
:: children's involvement in the cretary, andtreasurer. Nomi-
:program. nations from the floor will
" The Highland View Elemen- then be accepted, and interest-
t_ .. try School Title I: Parent ed persons are encouraged to
. Advisory Council will be se- participate here. Elections for



DAR RegentAtt

tate Forum t hi

SMrs. Thomas Owens, re- an instructional forum, de-
cently elected Regent of the signed to provide training for
St. Joseph Bay Chapter DAR officers, chairmen, and
: Daughters of the American other leaders of this worthy
.Revolution, left last week to
- '.attend the Fall Forum of the organization.
Florida DAR which was sche- Following registration on
:-duled to be held at The Sunday, plans included a tour
Breakers in West Palm of the Henry Morrison Flagler
Beach. Sunday and Monday, Museum during the afternoon,
-:September 24 and 25. This a reception in the evening,
"meeting, Mrs. Owens said, is honoring Mrs. Tracy, the new

- BARBECUE-TEXAS STYLE













Even if you've never been to Texas, the idea of a Texas
barbecue is so delicious to contemplate that you can al-
most smell the biscuits baking and the spicy barbecued
beef simmering. Even if you can't get to Texas, you can
try this recipe 'for Texas Style Barbecued Beef: A hefty
cut of brisket of beef is pot roasted in the oven with
onions, garlic and Open Pit barbecue sauce. Serve with
a tossed salad and hot biscuits' and don't be surprised
if your whole family starts talking-about "the ranch"!
TEXAS STYLE BARBECUED BEEF
5 pounds (about) brisket of beef
1-3/4 cups (18 oz. bottle) all-purpose barbecue sauce,
any flavor .
2 medium onions, thinly sliced
1 clove garlic, crushed
' 1 teaspoon chili powder
Place meat in shallow pan. Combine remaining ingre-
dients and pour over meat. Cover and bake at 3250 for
. about 4 hours, or until tender, basting occasionally.
Remnove cover and bake 30 minutes longer, basting occa-
sionally to glaze meat. Skim off excess fat from drippings;
thicken, if desired, and serve as a sauce. Makes 8 to
10 servings.



Something New In Town


A FLEA MARKET

and OYSTER BAR

We have the biggest bargains

you'llfindin

* Clothes * Shoes

* Etc.

Open Mon.-Sat. 9:30 AM -7:00 PM
Phone 227-1228


S OYSTER BAR
IV Shell Pints Buckets Bags
-� Fresh Daily


for H.V
- parents.
f All parents, especially thi
I with children in the Title
y program, are urged to atte
I this very important meetir


on for

I to Meet


these offices will then be held.
Lastly, there will be reports
on fund-raising activities such
as the gasoline raffle, and a
review of activities at the
Florida Association for Re-
tarded Citizens' Annual Con-
ference held in Tampa recent-
ly.
,G.C.A.R.C. members and
the public are urged to attend
this important annual meet-
ing. Those interested in be-
coming officers may call
2296327 for details.


ended


is Week


State Regent, and the instruc-
tional forum on Monday morn-
ing, concluding with a lunch-
eon at 12:30.
The new. regent- has an-
nounced that the next state
meeting of the Florida DAR
will be held in Panama City,
March 19 and 20, 1979. The St.
Joseph Bay Chapter has se-
cured two ads to be placed in
the March issue of the DAR
Magazine to welcome the
State DAR to this area. The
ads were secured from Roy
Gibson, Jr.
Beginning with October
when the chapter again
swings into action, executive
meetings will be held on each
second Tuesday morning with
the -exception of: the special
meetings in December and-
May, the regular luncheon
meetings will continue as in
the past at the Garden Center
on Eighth Street.


Attending Mobile College


Steve Allen of Port St. Joe was among
new students greeted by Mobile College
President William K. Weaver, Jr.- at the
'President's Reception recently marking the
beginning of the fall semester at the college.


A four-year arts and sciences college, Mol
College this fall began its 14th academic ye
Shown with Steve are his parents, Mr. a
Mrs. Ferrel 0. Allen.


Christmas Decorations

Workshop at Garden Club


Members of the Port St. Joe
Garden Club are reminded to
attend the workshop today at
10 a.m., to work on Christmas
tree decorations to be used to
decorate trees for District II
to be displayed at the State
Flower Show to be held in
Orlando in December.
Everyone is asked to bring
native materials prevalent to
the Northwest Florida area.

Tammy Rus

Equestrian
Tammy Rushing, 19, daugh-
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Lucious L.
Rushing, 1805 Garrison Ave.,
Port St. Joe is now enrolled.at
Meredith Manor School of
Horsemanship, Waverly, West
Virginia. She is a member of
the September class of 1978.
Tammy has elected to ma-


Joyelle and Friends

Joyelle Ranae Whitfield


Has First Bi
Joyelle Ranae Whitfield ce-
lebrated her first birthday
Sept. 15 at her home with
friends and relatives. She is
the daughter of Linda and
David Whitfield of Howards
Creek.
Maternal grandparents are


rthday
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Webb
of Port St. Joe. Paternal
grandparents are Mr. and
Mrs. T. D Whitfield of Ho-
wards Creek. Maternal great
grandmother is Mrs. Ola
Walker of Apalachicola.


First of Fall


SALE

EVERYTHING


1 0%/ OFF
S/ for 10 Days


Sept. 30


'New Fall Merchandise

pREACHERS
Department Store
214 Reid Ave. Port St. Joe


Ends


Visitors may attend and
work on tree decorations for
their family trees if they so
desire.
Bring a sandwich and some
items such as acorns, pine
cones, dried wildflowers and
seed pods, etc., and work as
long as you like.
The workshop will be held at
the Garden Center on Eighth
Street.
;hingIn
gIn

School,
jor in Versatility Riding in the
Riding Master Course. The
nine month course is the
equivalent of two years of
college. Upon graduation
Tammy will be capable' of
offering riding instruction as
well as training and showing
both western and English
horses.
A 1976 graduate of Port St.
Joe High School, Tammy can
choose to continue her educa-
tion at Salem College, a
private liberal arts college
located in Salem, West Virgin-
ia. The 64 college credits
earned at Meredith Manor
could be applied towards a
Bachelor of Science degree in
Equestrian Studies.
Meredith Manor is accredit-
ed by the National Association
of Trade and Technical
Schools.
In Germany it was believed
good luck to have weasels
on the roof.


Some people once belie
that mountains were forr
by an enormous und
ground serpent moving ab


Announcing...


Now Serving


Buffet Luncheon


An art class for beginning
beginners will be offered
again this fall starting Wed-
nesday, October 4 at 7:30 p.m.
The six week, two hour course
will meet at St. Joseph's Hall
on 20th St.
This class is aimed at the "I
never held a paint brush
before but always thought I'd
like to try" crowd. Here's a
chance to give it a try without
embarrassment because every-
one will be on the same level.
The summer course proved to
be so enjoyable as well as in-.
structive that many have re-
quested a second session.
This Beginning Beginners
course will be taught by
Jeanne McDermott.- The fee
for the course is $15.00. Fur-
ther information and supply
lists are available at Ready
Arts and Crafts on Reid Ave.


First United

Methodist Church
bile Constitution and Monument Ave.
bie Port St. Joe, Fla.
r.nd JOHNIE W. McCURDY, Minister

CHURCH SCHOOL ......................... 9:45A.M.
Y PREACHING SERVICE ,......... 11 A.M. &7:00 P.M.
METHODIST YOUTH FELLOWSHIP ....... 5:30 P.M.
eved CHOIR REHEARSAL (Wednesday)....... 730 P.M.
med
ler-
out. - . -


Sunday - Friday - Open 10 AM to 12 Midnight



Beginning Monday, October 2

Come Out and Enjoy A Leisurely Lunch with Us

Short Orders
Specializing In

* Steaks * Seafood
* Barbecue



BUTLER'S

RESTAURANT
_ Butler Road - Off Highway 98


N


- . - 1~ -


:-.;PAGE FOUR


Costin 's

Port St. Joe







$2000


/ .









04.


eN-
S-O*


S-7-10o N-6-10 M-5-10 & 11 W-6-10


Come See Us -You'll Be Glad

1001 W.Hwy98
(Across from Duren's Store)


ri
d
ri

D
0


r



D
r


or by calling Mrs. McDermott
at 229-8800.

Wins Trip
to Bahamas
Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Beaman
of Port St. Joe have received
word that they have won an all
expense paid trip to the Ba-
hamas.
The trip is sponsored by
Owens-Corning Fiberglass
Corp., of Toledo, Ohio, and
was open to plumbers in the
United States. Mr. Beaman
had purchased supplies from
Engineering and Equipment
in Panama City and had filled
out the entry blank he bad ,_
received from them.
The Beamans are planning
to make the trip in November.










r America Does Crazy Things; Taxes


Initiative and Subsidizes Laziness


'Tommy Thomas, Panama
City automobile dealer, gave
his now-famou .free enter-
prise talk to the Port St. Joe'
Kiwanis Club Tuesday at their
noon meeting.
:Thomas said he felt the
federal government shouldn't
do anything except deliver the
Mail and protect the shores.
, "Our government is trying
to provide total care for
everyone from the cradle to
the grave and we are now
approaching the point where,
we can't afford it any longer",
he said. Thomas pointed out
that Americans now :pay 43
percent of what they make:to


pay taxes.
. "I'm concerned over the
attitudes of some of our young
people", Thomas said. "Most
have been taught or believe
"that business makes enor-
mous profits and should be
heavily regulated, with jobs
and economic management
coming from the govern-
ment. Most business operates
on less than five percent
profit", Thomas stated. . He
pointed to the giant Winn-
Dixie grocery chain which
operates on a one-half percent
profit margin and the 'aiut-
mobile marketing business
which nets less than four


percent. "The state of Florida
made more off every automo-
bile my agency sold in sales-
taxes than I made in profit",
Thomas pointed out.
"Our system is the best in
the world", Thomas stated.
"It has given us the best living
standard in the world, strictly
from the fruits of the free
enterprise system. Our coun-
try, with its system, produces
28 percent of the world's
production with only five per-
cent of the people", he said.
Thomas said, "If we don't
talk up the free enterprise
system, it's doomed."
"We do crazy things in our


.country", he said. "We subsi-
dize laziness, welfare, unem-
ployment, spending and waste
while, we tax work, employ-
ment,. industriousness, incen-
tive, investment, savings and
production."
Thomas said, "Other na-
tions such as Sweden, Austra-
lia, England, New Zealand
and others have proven social-
ism doesn't work.'Why do we
insist on patterning ourselves
after a loser?"
* Thomas ended his talk by
observing, "Our system is the
greatest ever devised by man.
I think it's worth saving."'


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla.


Bike-A-Thon Saturday

for Cystic Fibrosis


The Breath of Life Bike-A-
Thon for Cystic Fibrosis Foun-
dation will be held Sat. Sept.
30, at Port St. Joe High School.
The Bike-a-Thon will start at
8:00 a.m. The route will start
at the high school continue
down Niles Road to Garrison,
down Garrison to 5th St. and
return to the high school.
Pledge forms may be ob-
tained at any of the schools.
T-shirts will be given to chil-
dren with $25 or more pledged.
For more information call
either Margaret Ray 229-6898,
Kathy Ford 229-6903 or Bertha


Smith 229-6340.

BIRTH ANNOUNCEMENT
Walter and Desda Fields are
proud to announce the birth of
their daughter, Heather
Leigh, born on August 18.
Heather arrived at 1:55 a.m.
(CST) and wieghed. seven
pounds and six and a quarter
ounces.
Welcoming her home was
her three year old sister, Kiki.
Proud grandparents are Mr.
and Mrs, A.E. Harper of Port
St. Joe and Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Shannon of Mont-
gomely, Ala.


THURSDAY, SEPT. 28. 1978


Gospel Sing at

Assembly of God
There will be a Gospel Sing
at the White City Assembly of
God Church, this Saturday
night at 7:00 p.m.
The Singing Samaritans will
be the featured group. Rev.
Bobby Taylor invites every-
one to attend.

Auxiliary will

Sell Baked Goods
The Ladies Auxiliary of the
First Pentecostal Holiness
Church will be having a bake
sale Friday, Sept. 29 at 9:00
a.m. in front of the Ready Arts
and Crafts Store on Reid Ave.


PAGE FIVE


Has Birthday
Adam Cantley, son of Mr.
and Mrs. Robert Cantley, Jr.,
celebrated his sixth birthday
today, September 28.


3 Pc. Mixing Bowl Set \
8 Qt. Round or Oval I
Wastebasket i .
Round or Rectangular
Dish Pan
Laundry Basket
12 Qt. Pail with Spout 4




ROUGH OCT. 14 2' F
.For 1


WINDOW SHADE
36x72" size. --
White, ivory, green.
Our
Reg.
Price
$1.47















O E. B. MILLER REALTY


l we're Here For You.
||= IEach offices independently owned and operated.


F.H.A. APPROVED
3 bdrms, 2 bath home on large corner lot -
chain link fence and utility shed, central heat
and air, stucco construction for low mainte-
nance. Lots of room for growing family -
priced in the 30's., 1911 Long Ave.


PORT ST. JOE


New Listing-Ideal home
for large family. 4 bdrms,
2% baths, den w-fireplace,
double garage w-paved
driveway, over 2000 sq. ft. in
living area: Cent. heat-air.
This home has many extras.
- 816 Marvin Ave., .


1023 Woodward, quiet resi-
dential neighborhood, 3
bdrm, 1 bath home on 2lots,
refrigerator, range, furnace
: & window a-c.


221 9th St., 2 bdrm, 1 bath,
complete w stove, refrig.,
dishwasher, 2 window a-c's,
curtains and carpets. New
panelling, new plumbing,
screen porch.

In quiet residential area. On
large landscaped lot. 3'
bdrms, 2 baths, kitchen w-
dishwasher, disposal, oven-
range. Has cen. vacuum
sys., inter-cor, 320 ft.
sprinkler system, deep well.
102 Yaupon..

1313 Marvin Ave., fireplace:
in roomy. den, 3 bdrms, 3'
baths, carport, utility room,
in nice location, lots of
* room, fenced yard.

'105 Bellamy Circle, 3 bdrm,
1 bath, conec. block home,
needs some work, painting,
a nice livable home priced
in the 20's.


2 excellent residential build-.
ing lots on Westcott Circle.
Drive by.and see these, then
give us a call.

Excellent location at 1310
Monument. Ave. Large cor-
ner, lot 146x224' - 3 bdrm.-
bath home, living rm w fire-
place, den, dining room, kit-
chen w stove, refrigerator,
dishwasher. Double garage-
nicely landscaped yard.

Large, comfortable, older'
house on 2 lots. 4 bdrms, 2
baths, big den, liv. rm, din.
rm, new roof, 1201. Palm
Blvd.

Brick home, 3 bdrms, largely
rooms, nice corner lot, good'
location. Lots of extra fea-
tures. 1912 Juniper.

Older home on larger corner
lot. 3 bdrm, 2 baths, living
rmni, large kitchen, den and
big screen porch off den.
Owner has treated for ter-
mites.,1101 Garrison Ave.

3 bdrm, living, dining, stor-
age room (can be made into
nice den, utility room, nice
neighborhood on 2 lots, 1017
Woodward.

Income duplex, 2 bdrm, 1
bath, liv-rm, kitchen-dining
comb. up & down. 228% 7th
St. Bargain. $15,000.00.


BEACHES


Lovely beach home-liv. rm
w-fireplace, dining, kitchen,
office, cabana room with.
shower, 3 bdrms, 2 baths,
covered patio, central h&ac,
greenhouse area attached,
many extras. Circle Drive,
Mexico Beach, 25 percent
down, owner finances bal-
ance.

Deluxe double-wide mobile
liome on 2 lovely corner lots,.
central h&ac, 3 bdrms, full
baths, liv. rm, din. rm &
kitchen, plus family rm &
utility rm with washer, dry-
er, 12x30' concrete screen
porch, utility shed, plus
extras. Easy walk to Gulf.

Recently remodeled home,
4 bdrms, 2 baths on beauti-
A ful lot 75 x 186. Two extra'
-:.lots available. All new sid-
7ing, new roof, new alumi-
'num windows, large double
carport, underground sprin-
kling connections front &
back yard.

75'x75' lot, one block from
beach with older mobile
home - a bargain at $8,000.
..for both. 7th St. Mexico
Beach.

Five-plex currently rented,
near water on 40th St. Good
"-'investment.

'Large rustic beach home: 4
h.bdrms, large living room
",with fireplace. Custom cabi-
':'bhets in kitchen, veranda.
Plus a one bdrm. rental
cottage. St. Joe Beach.
Home - plus - income.

Mobile home with i added'
rooms on nice landscaped
lot making a total of 3
.bdrms, den, bath, large
living room, completely fur-
nished. Tennessee Ave.,
Mexico Beach.

Large 60x15' screen. porch
added to comfortable mo-.
bile home on excel. lot.
Santa Anna & Alabama, St.
. Joe Beach. $20,000.

Duplex - 2 bdrm, furnished.
Two blocks back ftom Gulf.
Mexico Beach. Good invest-
ment property. 3rd St.


St. Joe Beach - 3 bdrm-den
home on two landscaped
lots 150xI50, walking -dis,
.tance to Gulf, well. insulated
needs painting -and new
roof, priced in twenties.

Good location, good invest-
ment. First lot on Gulf.St.,
St. Joe Beach. 2 bdrm-bath
house with sleeping porch
and carport on lot 75x112.
Presently rented.

Excellent buy in 2 bedroom
mobile home with screen
porch, completely furnish-
ed. Georgia Ave., Mexico
Beach. $14,000.

Lots of room in this com-
fortable 3 bdrm, 1 bath
home with large spacious.
den, lot beautifully land-
scaped. Pine St. 1/2. blocks
,from U.S. 98.

Recently remodeled duplex-
new well & septic tank being
installed, new wood under-
siding around building, new
front & back steps, 2 bdrm-
bath - 1 bdrm-bath. This
duplex easily converted to,
single family dwelling.
Good location, walking dis-
tance to beach. $24,500.

'Looking for your dream
house? We have it! Beauti-
ful Spanish-style 3 bdrm., 3
bath home. Great room with
impressive fireplace. Swim-
ming pool and patio area
enclosed with privacy fence
off living area. Lovely en-
trance patio. Lots of arches
and genuine.tile roof. Spac-
ious 2 car garage.


Almost new stilt-house on
75' x 100' lot overlooking
Gulf. 2 bdrms, bath, big kit-
chen. 15th St., Mexico Beach

Partially finished 3 bdrm,
1/2 bath home, large living
rm, kitchen and family rm
combo. Garage & utility rm,
on 75' x 100' cleared lot.
$18,500 as is. Adjoining cor-
ner lot may be purchased
with home.


PORT ST. JOE

104 Yaupon-New brick
house. 3 bdrms, 2 baths, liv.
rm, din. rm, den with fire-
place. 2-car garage panelled
can easily be converted to
large recreation room.


'BEACH LOTS
Commercial lots. 90x190'
and 90x120' in business cen-
ter. Mexico Beach.

Large Commercial Lot. Hi-
way frontage 320 ft. on canal
Strategic corner. Good in-
vestment property.

INDIAN PASS
Almost new 3 bdrm, 2 bath
comfortable home with car-
port & laundry room. On
State Hiway S30B. Conven-
ient, ready to move into.

Beautiful beach home in
Indian Pass on two lots-to-
tal 150x105', with income
apartment on lower level.
Well constructed with many
extra features. Work shop &
double garage. $46,500. Re-
duced.
WHITE. CITY
House and 90x150' lot just
off' highway. 2 bdrm, one
bath, screen porch. Chain
link fence around yard.
$8,000.

131' on hwy '71, 444' deep.
Nice 3 bdrm, 2 bath home.
Deep well & pump. Approx.
one and one-third acres.

Low down payment, you ar-
range own financing, seller
will take 2nd mortgage.
Brick home, 3 bdrm, 2 bath,
chain link fence, laundry
room.
WEWAHITCHKA
Almost new brick home-
1% acres. Over 3,500 sq. feet
of living area. This one is
two homds in one-3 bdrms
-2 baths, liv. rm, din. -rm,
kitchen and den in main
area and under same roof a
lovely Apartment w liv. rm -
din. rm, kitchen combina-
tion. Large bath and dress-
ing rm, area. Central heat
and air, city water.

DOUGLAS
LANDING
How about a getaway place
for weekends? Brand' new
'"A" frame brick and wood
construction. 3 bdrm, 1 bath
electric heat. "Cute as a
bug" on lovely wooded lot.
Reduced.

DALKIETH

5 acres with lovely,3 bdrm, 2
bath home, large country
kitchen, spacious den, land
fenced and cross fenced, 2
storage sheds & cow pen,
swimming pool w-filter,
. central gas heat.

Country living at its best.
1/2 acres with' 3 bdrm, 1
bath, living rm, den, screen-
ed porch. Cen. h-ac and
carpeted.

ACREAGE
13 acres with 3 bdrm house.
Ideal setup for catfish farm-
ing. 2 large stocked ponds -
all equipment needed to
start. Several outbuildings
on property. $54,000.00.

COMMERCIAL
For Sale or Lease-Excel-
lent store location. 222 Reid
Ave, $30,000. Rent or lease
negotiable.

OAK GROVE
2 story house, 1,900 sq. ft.,
on lot 50x150'. Needs repair.
Deep well & pump. Exc.
potential. 136 2nd Ave.

MOBILE HOMES

Excellent dduble-wide Tif-
fany, partially furnished.
Buy equity and take over
payments.


Eldon B. Miller, Realtor - Patty Miller, Associate


648-5011

1829 Hwy. 98 - MEXICO BEACH

Route 3, Box 167A - Port St. Joe, Fla. 32456


RELESAE O AL


3 bdrm house, 1606 Long
Ave. Call 1-576-9331 after 5:30,
or write P. 0. Box 5775, Talla-
ahassee 32301. 2tp 9-28

Two large corner lots "for
sale at Ward Ridge. Call 229-
8092. 4tp 9-28

2 bdrm furnished home,
near beach at 'Indian Pass.
Large chain-link fenced yard.
227-1450. ltc 9-28

3 bedroom frame house in
Oak Grove, located on Iola St.,
price reasonable. Call 229-7222
days or 229-6300 nights.
tfc 7-27

Two bedroom, house, corner
lot & fireplace, $13,000. 1033
McClellan Ave. Call 229-6592.
4tp 9-21


Two bedroom house, living
room, kitchen, separate din-
ing .room, screened front
porch. Newly carpeted, cus-
tom made drapes in living
room and master bedroom,
central, h&a-c. Call before 5
p.m. 229-6010 or evenings 229-
6927. 1410 Long Avenue.tfc 9-21

2 bedroom house at 520 3rd
St., has recently been re-
modeled. Two air condition-
ers, fenced in yard, utility
house. 229-6217. tfc 6-29


75' x 115' zoned lot at MexiCd.
Beach. Phone 229-2763. tfc 8-25'






Gulf County Guidance Clinic
is accepting applications for a
part-time (20 hours per week)
Secretary. Applicants should
possess a H.S. diploma and
type at least 45 w.p.m. Prior
experience desirable. Salary
range is $3,080 to $3,946 an-
nually. Application deadline is
October 4, 1978. Apply: Gulf
County Guidance Clinic, Inc.,
311 Williams Ave., Port St.
Joe, Fla. 32456. Gulf County
Guidance Clinic is an Equal
Opportunity Employer.
2t 9-21


Teacher in activity center
'for retarded adults. B.S. in
retardation, rehabilitation or
experience with the retarded.
$8,748.00. Equal opportunity
employee. Submit resume,
transcript, and 3 letters of
reference to GCAAC, P. -0.
Box 296, Port St. Joe, Fla.
32456.


, t 9-28


14'8" Terry bass boat with
40 h.p. Mercury, foot control
trolling motor. Galvanized tilt
trailer. Call 229-8768. 2tp 9-28

Household items: 1 hide-a-
bed, black winyl in good con-
dition, $60; 2 chairs, desk,
lamp. 2 small tables, 1 twin
'bed, 2 CB radios and a lot of
miscellaneous. 206 9th St.
ltp 9-28


Irish Setter puppy, male, 9
weeks old, registered. Contact
O.M. Taylor at 648-5497.
, tfc 9-28

Multiple Family Yard Sale.
Georgia Avenue and 8th St.,
Mexico Beach, Saturday,
Sept. 30. 10 a.m. till. Come to
the ,traffic signal on 98 and
follow the signs.

No. 1 Drive In Theater
Apalachicola, Fla.
Friday - Saturday Sept. 29 & 30
Big Super Show
John Travolta in
SATURDAY NIGHT FEVER
Movie starts 7:45 p.m.

Ideal for. college dorm,
apartment or hunting camp.
1.7 cu. ft. compact refrigera-
tor, J. C. Penney, almost new.
229-6563 after 5:00. 2tp 9-28

Jumbo bob white quail, live
or dressed. Call 227-1293.
tfc 9-21

FOR STANLEY HOME
PRODUCTS
Call Betty Gilbert
648-5047
tfc 7-15


(1) 30-gal. electric hot water
heater, 1 year old; (1) upright
piano. 648-5857. tfc 8-24


SEVIE


SEARS IS AS CLOSE AS
YOUR TELEPHONE!

227-1151









Sears Catalog Sales
Leon Pollock, Owner
410 Reid Avenue

CAREFOOT SEPTIC TANK
Septic tanks cleaned out.
Phone 229-8227
tfc 12-22
The Cool-Sealing of a mobile
home roof is a necessity to,
protect your home from the
leaks and rot caused by rain,
wind and heat. A properly
applied coat of Cool-Seal will
also serve to insulate your
home and reduce the high cost
of air-conditioning. So, don't
wait until the brown spots
appear on your ceiling, Cool-
Seal NOW.
For Free Estimate
Call 229-8372
tfc 6-8

Complete Wood Shop
Custom Cut Lumber
Want to Do It Yourself?
Then come see us for Stan-
ley tools, hardware, paneling,
paint, lumber.
Earley's Hardware &
Building Supply
Hwy 98 W. 227-1763

ST. JOE MACHINE CO.
Machine Work - Welding
506 First Street
Phone 229-6803
Machinist on duty all day
every day


a Psychological Services, for
anyone with problems in day-
to-day living. Gulf'County-
Guidance Clinic., Port St. Joe.
.227-1145. (24 hr.) .

BACKHOE WORK
OR RENTAL
Charles H. Stephens
227-1622 or 229-8032


. tfc 8-3


BROCK PAVING CO.
Asphalt Driveways &
Parking Lots
Phones: Home 648-8212
Mobile YR5-4794
Thomas L. Brock, Owner
8tp 9-14

SAW FILING &
SHARPENING
112 1st St., Highland View
229-6552, W. C. Miles
Scissors, knives, etc.
8tp 8-17

LEWIS FLOOR CLEANING
All Types
229-6482 or 229-6447
tfc 9-20
FILL DIRT
Front End Loader
Backhoe Work
C. R. SMITH & SON
229-6018'
tfc 3-31


Carpentry Work.Done
Reasonable Rates
Jimmy Johnson
Phone 229-8757
tfc 2-2'


GLEN'S CABINET SHOP
Kitchen Cabinets-
Vanities - Mill Work
Cabinet Hardware & Tops
White City, Hwy. 71
Glen Combs
Shop 229-6017 or
229-6530


Going Fishing?
Stop here first
for a complete
line of

Fishing Tackle

Hurlbut Supply
306 Reid Ave.


Homes Built - Rooms Added
Repairs, Painting
Trailer Homes - Set Up & '/
Repaired - Lots Cleared
Root Raked - Bush Hogged
Disc .
1"Wi.AIU DAlv


648-8924


Land Clearing, Pond
General Excava
229-8488 or 648-.


FLOOR COVER
INSTALL]
All types carpet & vi
ing. Free Estimates
6929, Mike Kahl.

ALLEN'S CABIr
328 7th Stree
Highland Vie
Cabinets, furniture,
etc.


"The Great Tide", written
by Rubylea Hall, former resi-
dent of Port St. Joe, will be on
sale at the following places
and also it is in its sixth print-
ing:
Campbell's Drug Store
Pauline's Restaurant
Phillip's Gulf Service Station
Hickory House
Gulf Sands Restaurant, M.B.
Mexico Beach Grocery, M.B.
Kerigan's Kargo, M.B.
Mrs. Hubert Brinson, 216 6th
St., Port St. Joe, 229-8663.
3tp 9-21

1962 16' Larson outboard
boat, $150. 648-5106. ia&"

Mc's Pawn Shop going out of
business. All pawn items must
be picked up by Sept. 30. Also
have several items for sale:'
hand guns, shotguns, stereos,
tools'& many more items. 102
5th St., Highland View.
3tc 9-14

1978 Honda Moped. Gets 120
mpg, ideal for aroUnd-town,
driving, to work, school, shop-
ping, etc. $300. Call Jean
Stebel at 227-1304 after 4 p.m.

DRAPERIES-Ready made
and custom made: Large sel-
election of swatches to choose
from. Roche's Furniture and
Appliance Store, 209 Reid
Ave., phone 227-1730.'

Lowery electronic organ
with built-in percussion sec-
tion, $750; Yamaha classical
guitar with case, $60. Call Ann
Aldridge, 229-8170. tfc 8-24

CB Radios, Johnson, Craig,
Surveyor, antennas, base sta-
tions, terms. available. West-
ern Auto. tfc 3-4.

Custom-made wooden name
plaques, for mail boxes, front
gates, door posts, etc. Econo-
my Motors & Garden Center,
301' Hwy.. 98, HV, 229-6001.
New and used lawnmowers
for sale. Lawn mowers, tills
and garden tractors repaired.
Economy Motors & Garden
Center, 301 Hwy. 98, HV.
229-6001. tfc 4-28


Cakes, for any occasion.
4tp 9-21 Sewing and alterations on
almost anything. My prices
SBuilding are reasonable and my cakes
Building taste great!! Call 229-6154
5ting after 5 weekdays, any time
5901 weekends. tfc 8-17
4tc 9-28
TRAMPOLINES IN STOCK,
ING :6 FT. x 10 FT. OR ROUND'
D We deliver and assemble.'
inyl floor- Terms available. WESTERN,
Call 229- AUTO, 219 Reid Ave. 227-1105.
tfc 7-27 tfc-4-6


NETS
et
ewvanities,
vanities,.
I


Call 229-6207
tfc 12-1

REPAIRS
Aluminum screens and doors,
carpentry, house repair, mill-
work, roof repair and re-roof-
"ing.
SMITH & SON WORKSHOP
Phone 229-6018
Port St. Joe tfc 7-22


I-
Personalized New Car
Quote Service'
On any American-made new
car or pick-up truck. Get
factory retail cost on your
next new car before buying.
Could save you money.
CALL
BEACH AUTO SALES
648-8236
10tp 8-10


Lawn & Gardening Needs
Feed - Lawn Mower &
Small Engine Repairs
Economy Motors &
Garden Center
301 Hwy. 98 H.V.
229-6001
tfc 4-28



Wouldn't You Really
Rather Have Cable TV?




For Cable TV
installation In Port St. Joe
il.9 th o. VtlM SMl"
Phone 229-7232"
Or Visit the Telephone Company
Business Office


DRY cleaning carpets is
easier, faster and safer with
HOST. Rent our machine. St.
Joe Furnitdre. 227-1251.
tfc 10-23





VarTung


Paint

And 32 years of experience..
You will be sure to get the
paint you need and the color
you want at a good price.
.THE TUNG OIL PAINT
Over 1400 Colors

Al Smith

229-8827

4t 9-28







Will demolish buildings for
material. Phone 639-5859.
Woodie Busby, P. 0. Box 43,
Wewahitchka, Fla. 32465.
tfc 9-28

R.A.M.-Regular convoca-
tion of St. Joseph Chapter No.
56. R.A.M. 1st and 3rd Mon-
days, 8 p.m. All visiting com-
panions welcome.
E. E. WEEKS, H.P.
E. William McFarland, Sec.

There will be a regular com-
munication of Port St. 'Joe
Lodge No. 111, F. & A.M.,
every first and third Thursday
at 8:00 p.m.
J. J. PIPPIN, W.M.
F. E. Brogdon, Sec.


MISC. FOR SALE


1975 Chevrolet 4-wheel drive
truck. Take over payments,
for further information, call
229-8424. 2tc 9-21

1973 Pontiac Lemans, 350
engine, p-s, p-b, a-c, a-t, $900.
639-5390 or 227-1646. 3tp 9-14





Ski Meadows Trailer Park
is the only VA approved park
- in Gulf County. We have one
.vacancy for either 12' or 14'
wide mobile home. Will have a
space vacant for double-wide
. mobile home on Sept. 24. For
further information, come to
office at Ski Breeze Campsites
or phone 229-6105. 3tc 9-14

Furnished 3 BR, 2 BR and 1.
BR houses for rent. Phone 229-
6777 after 7 .m. tfc 3-23

For carpets cleaned the way,
professionals'do it-at a frac-;
tion of the cost, rent Rinse N
Vac, the portable steam car-i
pet cleaning system. Avail-
able at Western Auto, phone,
227-1105, 219 Reid Ave.
tfc 3-16
1 bdrm. efficiency apart-
ment, all utilities included. Ski
Breeze Campsite. 229-6105.
tfc 8-31(


2 bdrm. furnished apart-
ment, will be vacated Aug. 31.
All utilities included. Ski
Breeze Campsite. 229-6105.
tfc 8-31

For Rent: Nice shady lot on
Columbus St., St. Joe Beach;
for mobile home parking. Call
229-8000 after 5 p.m. $40
month, tfc 7-20

No need for wet carpets. Dry
clean them with HOST. Use
rooms right away. Rent
machine. St. Joe Furniture,
227-1251. tfc 10-23


Public

Notices
BID NO. WWP125
1 - Electronic Toploading Balance.
Specifications may be obtained from the
City Clerk's Office, P.O. Box A, Port St.
Joe, Florida. Bid to be opened October 3,t
1978. ,,,
BIDNO.WWP126
1 - Water Jacketed Incubator. Specifi-
cations may be obtained from the City
Clerk's Office, P.O. Box A, Port St. Joe,
Florida. Bid to be opened October 3,
1978. 4
BID NO. WWP 127
1 - Analytical Balance (Single Pan).
Specifications may be obtained from the
City Clerk's Office, P.O. Box A, Port St.
Joe, Florida. Bid to be opened October 3,
1978.

IN THE CIRCUIT COURT, FOUR-
TEENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT OF THE
STATE OF FLORIDA, IN AND FOR
GULF COUNTY
CASE NO. 78-95
ST. JOE PAPERMAKERS FEDERAL
CREDIT UNION,
Plaintiff,
Vs.
JAMES C. TAUNTON and Wife, EMMA
C.TAUNTON,
Defendants.
NOTICE OF SALE
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN pur.
suant to a Final Judgment dated 31
August, 1978, In Case No. 78-95 of the
Circuit Court of the Fourteenth Judicial
Circuit in and for Gulf County, Florida,
in, which St. Joe Papermakers Federal
Credit Union of Port St. Joe, Florida, Is
the Plaintiff and James C. Taunton and
Wife, Emma C. Taunton, address 'un-
known, are the Defendants, I shall sell to
the highest and best bidder for cash In
the lobby at the front door of the Gulf
County Court House in Port St. Joe, Gulf
County, Florida, at 11:00 A.M. until 2:00
P.M. (eastern time) on October 2nd;
1978, the following described property
set forth in the Order of Final Judgment
to-wit:
Lot four (4) and the E 4 feet 9 Inches
of Lot Three (3), all in Block One (1)
Unit number one, C.L. Morgan's
Addition to the City of Wewahitchka,
Florida, according to the official
map or plat thereof on file in tKe
Office of the Clerk of Circuit Court,
Gulf County, Florida, in Plat Book 2,
Page 33, Public Records of Gulf-,
County, Florida.
DATED this the 19th day of Septem-)
ber, 1978. O,
GEORGE Y. CORE .1
Clerk of Circuit Court


Crestview Mobile Home 1978
Sale Ending- '79's coming in.
We now offer professional de-
corating service. See Jan
Rumsey or Dorothy Sanders,
15 yrs. sales and decorating
experience. 2310 E. 15th St.
,Panama City.
BANK REPOS
Double-wides, three huge bed-
rooms, 2 baths. FANTASTIC
Buys. Call Dot Sanders or Jan
Rumsey.
763-0751.
769-1544
' 2t 9-28





1976 Ford E150 van, all
options, privacy glass; cap-
tains chairs, new tires, excel-
lent condition. Call 229-6433
after 5:00 p.m. tfc 8-24


,3 bedrooms, 1 bath, large
sewing room or den, very
good condition, FHA ap-
proved. $700.00 down plus
closing cost. To sell for
$22,100.

This well kept home with an
Apartment in it plus a
Duplex Masonry Apartment
building is to sell complete-
ly furnished, (Home and
Apartments), for only $40,-
000. The rent on the apart-
ments should make your
payments.

3 bedrooms, 1 bath, living
kitchen with fireplace, liv-
ing. room and den. C.B.
construction on 125'x225'
corner lot. Only $34,900.
FRANK HANNON
Reg. Real Estate Broker
221 Reid Ave. 227-1133
3tc9-14


kills bugs for
up to six months,
and saves you about $100 yearly
in costly pest control services.
Use of Sprayer free with
purchase of Rid-A-Bug
HURLBUT SUPPLY CO.
306 Reid Avenue
Port St. Joe, Florida _


I


" PAGE SIX


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla.


THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978










t. VFW Post

C Being

Revived

Veterans of Foreign Wars
District Commander Merle T.
Lowery of Panama City instal-
led a slate of officers to revive
Port St. Joe's VFW Post 10069
in a meeting held here last
Tuesday evening.
Commander Lowery instal-
led Henry Cassani as Com-
mander of. the Port St. Joe
Post -and named Charles
Hughes as pro-tem Quarter-
master.
Other state and district
VFW officers present for the
re-organization meeting in-
eluded Jack Weiss, Chief of
Staff, Stewart.Shaw and Tom
Glaze, Public Relations offi-
cer, all of Panama City.
The local VFW post has
been inactive for the past
several years after being or-
ganized in the 1960's.
Local members present at
the Tuesday meeting were:
Cassani, Hughes, Kenneth A.
Creech, Leo Kennedy, David
SYoung, Ronald Bizek and
Walter 'Graham.


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978


Art Contest Offered for


Area Retarded Citizens


*1v


ATTEND VFW MEETING-Left to right: Kenneth A.
Creech, Stewart Shaw, Henry Cassani, Tom Glase, Jack


Weiss, Merle T. Lowry, Ronald Bizek, Charles Hughes,
David Young and Leo Kennedy. -Star photo


'Mums' Offer Fall Color


First

Presbyterian Church
Sixteenth St.

* WORSHIP SERVICE
Sunday .............. 10:00 AM

Welcome to Everyone




the members of the

Church of Christ

invite you to meet with them:.
Sunday Morning Bible Study'........... 10:00 A.M.
Sunday Morning Worship ............. 11:00 A.M.
Sunday Night ......................... 6:00 P.M.
Wednesday Night ..................... 7:00 P.M,

Corner 20thi St. & Marvin
For information call 229-6969


The common garden chry-
santhemums, popularly called
"mums" belong to a large
group of annual and perennial
herbs in the plant family
called Composite. The cold -
hardy tiltivated varieties are
used extensively as garden
and patio flowers for fall
color.
The wide color range and
type and size of flowers tend to
increase the popularity of this
fine garden subject especially
noted for its excellent show of
color in September and Octo-
ber.
Flowering of mums can be
controlled by manipulating
day length, but most home
gardeners allow their plants to
flower in the normal fall
season. Controlled flower pro-
duction at other seasons is
best left to commercial cut
flower producers.
Chrysanthemums will grow
in any well-drained soil that
contains an abundance of
organic matter. If the soil is
very sandy, a-three to four
, inch> layerof-'peator other'
organic material should be
worked into the flower bed to a
six inch depth.
Mums are grown from cut-


tings or division of old parent
clumps. Rooted cuttings are
usually available from local
garden .stores. Space the
plants a foot apart for a mass
effect or two feet apart to
emphasize individual plants.
After. the plants are estab-
lished and at least six inches

Rotarians

Enjoy

Cook-Out

The Port St. Joe Rotary
Club had a steak cook-out last
Thursday night, in lieu of their
regular luncheon meeting.
At the meeting, Woody Hat-
cher, of Marianna, told the
Club. of baseball activities in
the Marianna area, which is
providing summer time ex-
perience for college youths in
this area, who are playing on
college teams.
; Hatcher is the manager and
coach of the Marianna -team,
which played teams from
Tallahassee, Pensacola, Do-
than, Valdosta and Warner
Robins, Georgia during the
past summer.
Local players involved in
the program are Sandy San-
born, Denzil Weimorts and
Mark Wimberly.


Stedman Moves

to Sheppard,
U.S. Air Force Technical
Sergeant Edward Stedman,
son of Mrs. June Stedman of
933 Seventh Ave., Terre
Haute, Ind,, has arrived for
duty at Sheppard AFB, Tex.
Sergeant Stedman, a con-
struction equipment techni-
cian with a unit of the Air
Training Command, previous-
ly served at Tyndall AFB.
The sergeant is a 1966
graduate of Gertsmeyer Tech-
nical High School. His wife,
Jennifer, is the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. James Stafford
of 1207 Palm Blvd., Port St.
Joe.

Ll' } Don't Let
I /. ; This Happen
To You!

* ee Us First....
Radiators Are Our
Only Business!! I
FREE
COOLING
SYSTEMS
CHECK!
Complete Radiator
Jobs
on the car 289

off the car 1850
SERVICE STATIONS & GARAGES
Radiators Cleaned & Repaired
For $16.50
We repair auto air
conidtoning conder...e
AH Work Guaranteed
90Days.


OK



Service
525 N. Cove Blvd.
(Acroos From Bay Memorial Hosp)
785-4524


tall, break off the top one or
two inches of the stem. This
will encourage lateral branch-
ing and produce lower, bush-
ier plants.
Two to three applications of
6-6-6 fertilizer at the rate of
one pound per one-hundred
square feet during the grow-
ing season is sufficient to grow
a good crop of flowers. When
,applying fertilizers, keep the
material off the leaves. Water
thoroughly to distribute the
fertilizer throughout the root
area.
Chrysanthemums may need
to be supported unless the
plants are the low, strong
growing types. Tall, weak
stemmed plants definitely
need some form of staking. If
a wooden stake is used, drive
it into the' ground at planting
time. Staking after the plants
are established can cause
injuries to the roots.
By careful choice of varie-
ties, flowers of many types
and colors can be produced
from September until Christ-
r mas, although , an early frost
will injure some young buds
and thus reduce flowering.
So color it with Florida
mums!


tests by drawing or painting
as many pictures as they wish.
The winning entries will be
produced as designs for the


Gulf County

School Lunch


Vlenus


green limas, mixed fruit, roll
and milk.
Thursday, Oct. 5
Hamburger with bun,
French fries, lettuce and to-
mato, cake and milk.
Friday, Oct. 6
Spaghetti, green beans,
orange juice, fruit pie, garlic
bread and milk.
Menus are subject to change
due to availability of food.


N.A.R.C. Christmas cards,
and the 1980 calendar.
Entries should be submitted
to the Gulf Co. Association for
Retarded Citizens, P.O. Box
296, Port St. Joe, no later than
October 27. All local entries
will be forwarded by the
G.C.A.R.C. to the Florida
Association for Retarded Citi-
zens for preliminary judging
and selection of state winners.
The winning state entries will
then be forwarded to the
National office for final judg-
ing by a panel of professional
artists and illustrators.
All participants in the con-
test will receive special certi-
ficates. The first place state
winners will receive a trophy,
and the national winners will
be presented with U.S. Sav-
ings Bonds. National winners
also receive recognition for
their talent through having
their designs appear on the
Christmas cards, calendar,
and stationery notes sold by
A.R.C.'s all over the country.


All mentally retarded citi-
zens are encouraged to enter
in the National Association for.
Retarded. Citizens' Art. Con-


Monday, Oct. 2
Country steak, mashed po-
tatoes with gravy, carrot,
cabbage and celery salad,
'green beans, roll, miilk.
Tuesday, Oct. 3
- Corn dog, orange juice,.
French fries, cookie and milk.
Wednesday, Oct. 4 :
Chicken, rice with gravy,

Casual Gathering
of Net Ministry

All persons interested in the
vision and progress of Net
Casting Ministries are invited
to a casual gathering Thurs-
day, September 28 at the
Community Center in Wewa-
hitchka at 7:00 p:.m.
Evangelist president, Jerry
Arhelger, will be presiding.


3V













:31


NO DOWN PAYMENT

If You Have Approved Credit

On Any Quality Electronics In Our Stock

Such names as - Zenith, Craig, Panasonic, Realistic
Channel Master and Others

Use Your Good Credit - Up to 24 Months to Pay
01 K and DTVand Sound

0 1 ReidAve. "Your Radio Shock Dealer" Phone 227-1813


--- Vote For and Elect -

WALTER GRAHAM

County Commissioner - District 4
QUALIFIED, CAPABLE and
ENERGETIC
PAID POL. ADV. PAID FOR BY WALTER .GRAHAM


..... .... .... .. . .... ....


PAGE SF.VEN


.. ..3 . . . . . . .











PAGF~ EIGHT THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28. 1978


For over 5,000 years, RX has sym.
bqlized min's weapons against
disease. The ancient Egyptiahs.
used the magic eye of Horus;
God of Day, asi charm to guard
them against ills and suffering.
centuries later, the eye reap.
. peared in a form similar to our
"4" and evolved gradually into
its present RX. But your doctor
* doesn't depend on Horus'or
Jupitr:.. he relies on your Rexall
Pharmacist. and the improved
drug products your pharmacist
stocks. You, too, can rely on
Rexall brand products.

YOUR

OwlPHARMACY

BUZZET'S
DRUG STORE
Ph. 227-3371 317 Williams
-�aonvenient Drive-In Window
Plenty of Free Parking


- CARD OF THANKS
:My thanks to Dr. Vazquez,
kDr. Wayne Hendrix, the nur-
ises, cooks, aids and all other
Hospital staff also the hospital
l#olunteers for their help and
i:indness during my recent
' y in the hospital.
I would also like to take this
opportunity to give special
.hanks to Mr. and Mrs. C.E.
".Qass for their help in getting
ase there and to all my friends
and Bros for their prayers,
/cards and visits.
With 16ve and apprecia-
tion
Tommie Webb
4


I(


HIGHLAND VIEW

BAPTIST CHURCH
Corner of Fourth St. & Second Ave.
SWelcome Friends
SUNDAYSCHOOL .................. 9:45A.M.
WORSHIP SERVICES ..... 11:00 A.M. & 7:30 P.M.
CHURCH TRAINING (Sunday) ......... 6:30 P.M.
MID-WEEK PRAYER (Wednesday) .... 7:30 P.M.

Nursery Provided





FIRST BAPTIST


CHURCH
Corner Third Streetand Baltzell Avenue
REV. BILL HEATON, Pastor
STANLEY E. YOUNG, Minister ofMusic & Youth

SUNDAYSCHOOL.................... 9:45 A.M.
MORNINGWORSHIPSERVICE ...... 11:00A.M.
CHURCHTRAINING............... 6:15 P.M.
EVENING WORSHIP SERVICES .... 7:30 P.M.
PRAYER MEETING (Wednesday) .... 7:00P.M.
"Come and Worship God with us"


Schools may refuse up to 20
percent of the foods offered by
the U.S. Department of Agri-
culture for use in their school
lunch program, Assistant Se-
cretary Carol Tucker Fore-
man announced.
"We are amending our regu-
lations to be more responsive
to school needs and preferen-
ces," Foreman siad. "The
change will allow schools to
substitute other foods given to
the states by the Department
to the extent that they are
available during the school,
year."
The Department published
proposed regulations on June
20 and public comments were
requested. The 37 comments
received were from school
districts and state agencies
responsible for school food
distribution. These comments
were considered in shaping
final regulations.
Under the new regulations
states are required to send a
letter to schools by Sept. 15
notifying them of their right to
refuse donated foods and to
receive other foods available
to the state during the school
year. Beginning with the 1979,
school year, states will notify
schools prior to the beginning
of each school year. In addi-
tion, states and schools are
requited :to maintain records
of the amounts and values of


all foods refused by schools.
The final regulations were
published in the Federal Re-
gister of Sept. 1.


Moped

Accidents

Increasing
Moped accidents in Florida
are increasing dramatically
said the Florida Highway
Patrol today.
Records for the first eight
months of 1978 show moped
crashes, injuries and fatalities
are far above the entire 12
month totals for 1977.
So far for 1978, there have
been 563 crashes resulting in
487 injuries and eight deaths.
For all of 1977, there were 392
crashes resulting in 343 injur-
ies and six deaths.
Colonel Eldrige Beach, Pa-
: trol director said, "We could
see these deaths and injuries
coming as mopeds grew more
popular but until the last
legislature passed the law that
required a driver's license,
there was little we could do.
Our records show that since
November 1976, when we
started keeping moped statis-
tics, there have been 989
crashes with 16 deaths and 859
injuries."
Records show that the great
majority of these crashes
involved another motor vehi-
cle but only 54 people were
hurt in the other vehicles
which indicates who loses in a
moped versus.car crash.
Beach concluded by saying,
"We strongly urge riders of
mopeds to wear a helmet,
obey all traffic laws, make
sure that other drivers see you
at any place of possible con-
flict and when in doubt, give
them the right-of-way."


NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARING
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN of a
Public Hearing for the purpose of
considering a variance of Article IV,
Section 3, of the Gulf County Land
Subdivision Regulations pertaining to
the length of streets in the area covered
by proposed plat known as "Sunnywood
Estates". I
All interested parties are invited to
attend and be heard on this subject on
October 24,1978, at 7:00 P.M., E.D.T., in
the County Commissioners Room at Gulf
County Courthouse, Port St. Joe, Flor-
ida.
BOARD OF GULF COUNTY COMMIS-
SIONERS
JIMMY O.. GORTMAN, Chairman
GEORGE Y. CORE, Clerk 2t 9-28
LEGAL NOTICE:
This is to notify any candidate or
interested person of the sealing of the
voting machines to be used in the Second
Democratic Primary Election on Octo-
ber 5, 1978.
The sealing will take place on Tues-
day, October 3, 1978 at f:00 P.M. at the
Gulf County Courthouse of Port St. Joe,
Florida.
Anyone wishing to witness said sealing
should be present.
Dessie Lee Parker
Supervisor of Elections
Gulf County It 9.28
NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARING
Notice is hereby given that the Board
of County Commissioners of Gulf Cobnty
will accept bids at Its regular meeting On
November 24, 1978 at 7:00 p.m. for the
erection of an ambulance building in
Wewahltchka, Fla.
All bids shall be in accordance with
plans and specifications on file with
Clerk of Circuit Court, Gulf County,


Blountstown, 8-7; F


Schools May



Refuse Up to



20% of Foods


firm.
To start the fireworks going,
Wewa lost no time in scoring.
On the Gators' first possess-
ion, Nate Dozier was given the
ball on a quarterback option.
He outran the Tiger defense
for 45 yards before being
brought down on Blounts-
town's 10.
Three plays later, quarter-
back Tim Pippin dashed
around the right end for the
touchdown. Greg Mathes boot-
ed the extra point to put Wewa
ahead 7-0.


By Dean Modling
The Wewahitchka Gatdrs
travelled up to Blountstown
last Friday night and lost a
heart-breaker, 8-7. The Fight-
ing Gators took it right to the
Tigers, scoring early in the
first quarter. The score held
until the mid-fourth quarter.
The defending Class 2-A state
champions barely came out of
shock long enough to score.'
In an exciting fourth quar-
ter, the Gators had two
chances to pull out the game,
but the Tiger defense held


Shooting
Want to see how really good
a wing-shooter you are this
season?.
Try getting your daily limit
of Florida's streamlined
speedsters, the mourning
dove.
The first of the state's
three-phase mourning dove
season opens October 7th and
goes through November 5th.
The second phase runs No-
vember 11 through November
26 and the final phase is
December 16 through January
7th.
Hunters are reminded dur-
ing the October 7 - November 5
phase, portions of Franklin
County in' northwest Florida


PTA Sponsors

Fish Fry
The Highland View Elemen-
tary' School P.T.A. will be
sponsoring a fish fry Friday,
September 29 in the school
cafeteria from 4:00 to 7:00
p.m. Ticketsfor the fish plates
to be served with all the
trimmings are on sale for $1.50
for children twelve and under
and $2.00 for adults.
Funds received from the
dinners will be used to pur-
chase new equipment Sand
supplies.


Florida.
Jimmy 0. Gortman
Chairman
George Y. Core
Clerk 2t 9-28
NOTICE TO RECEIVE SEALED BIDS
The Board of County Commissioners
of Gulf County will receive sealed bids
from any person, company, or corpora-
tion interested in selling the County the
following described personal property:
One Track Type Diesel Tractor
The following used equipment will be
traded on the new tractor: One 06
Caterpillar; One A-C Pan; One Bay
,City Dragline and One Buesyrus
Dragline. This equipment may be
Inspected at the Gulf County Road
Shop, Monday through Thursday,
Wewahitchka, FL.
Trade-in allowance will be down
payment, balance to be paid in two
annual payments.
Delivery date must be specified.
Liquidated damages for failure to
deliver unit on specified date will be
set at $5.00 per day.
Specifications may be obtained from
the Clerk of Circuit Court, Gulf County
Courthouse, 100 5th Street, Port St.
Joe, Florida 32456.
Bids will be received until 9:00 O'Clock
A.M., E.S.T. October 10, 1978 at the
Office of the Clerk of Circuit Court, P.O.
Box 968, 1000 5th Street, Port St. Joe, FL
324,6.
The Board reserves the right to reflect
any and all bids.
BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSION-
ERS
GULF COUNTY, FLORIDA
Jimmy 0. Gortman
Chairman . 2t9-28
LIMOUSINES FOR SALE
INVITATION TO BID
Gulf Coast Community College Board
of Trustees offers the following vehicles
for sale:
1 - Limousine, Checker, 12-Passenger,
Automatic Transmission, Power
Steering, Air Conditioning, ID Num-
ber A12W8M726500276. Vehicle Num-
ber 1.
1 . Limousine, Checker, 12.Passenger,
1970, Automatic Transmission, Power
Steering, Air Conditioning, ID Num.
ber A12W8M72650278. Vehicle 'Num-
ber 2.
1 . Limousine,-Checker, 12-Passenger,
1970, Automatic Transmission, Power
Steering, Air Conditioning, ID Num-
ber A12W8M72650277. Vehicle Num-
ber 3.
Limousines may be examined at the
Gulf Coast Community College main-
tenance building, Mondays through Fri.
days, 8:00 a.m. through 4:00 p.m.
Vehicles to be sold in AS IS CONDITION.
Each vehicle must be bid as a separate
item and identified as Vehicle Number 1,
Number 2, or Number 3.
A certified check or money order In
the amount of ten percent (10 percent) of
the total bid, made payable to the Gulf
Coast Community College Board of
Trustees, must accompany bid. Checks
or money orders will be returned to
unsuccessful bidders. Checks or money
orders will be applied to purchase price
of successful, bidders. Balance of pur-
'chase price must be paid and vehicle
removed from Gulf Coast Community
College premises by successful bidder
within ten (10) days after awarding of
bid. Failure to comply will result In
forfeiture of bid advance as liquidated
damages.
Sealed bids must be submitted to
Charles Mitchell, Business Manager,
Gulf Coast Community College on or
before 12:00 Noon, CDST, October 4,
1978. Envelopes are to be plainly marked
"Bid for Limousine." Bids received


Skills

are closed to dove hunting.
Closed is that portion of the
county lying east and south of
U.S. 98 from Linton Landing,
including Alligator Point.
Legal shooting hours are
noon to sunset. The daily bag
limit is 12 birds with a
possession limit of 24
The Commission will oper-
ate four public dove fields this
year: the T.G. Lee Field in
Orange County and fields on
the Citrus, Point Washington
and Gaskin wildlife manage-.
ment areas.


Tides


High and low tides for St.
Joseph's Bay for the upcom-
ing week are shown in the
table below. The information
is furnished by the U'. S.
,Weather Bureau Station ni


Apalachicola.
.1
Thursday 7
Friday 8
Saturday 9
10
Sunday 11

Monday 10
Tuesday 11
Wednesday 11
Thursday


High
:41A
8:47 A
9:59A
0:34 P
:18A
0:21P
0:35 P
1:00P
1:36A


Low
5:00 +
5:12P
4:48P

3:57 A
4:18P
5:41 A
7:00A
8:16A
9:28 A


after the above time and date will not be
considered.
The Board of Trustees reserves the
right to reject any or all bids, and to
waive any formalities In the bidding, and
the decision of the Board will be final.
STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP,
MANAGEMENT AND CIRCULATION
Title of publication, The Star, Issued
weekly at 304.306 Williams Ave., Port St.
Joe, Florida 32456, with headquarters at
the same address. Publisher, editor,
/managing editor and owner, Wesley R.
Ramsey, P. O0. Box 308, Port St. Joe,
Florida 32456. Florida First National
Bank, 504 Monument Avenue, Port St.
Joe, Fla. holding 1 percent or more of
total amount of bonds, mortgages or
other securities.
Extent and Nature of Circulation:
Average no. copies each Issue during
Preceding 12 months: total no. copies
-printed 2575; paid circulation, sales
through dealers and carriers, street
vendors and counter sales 1173, and mail
subscriptions 1333; for total paid circula-
tion of 2506. Free distribution by mail,
carrier, br other means samples, com-
plimentary and other free copies 25; for
a total distribution of 2531. Copies not
distributed, office use, left over, un-
accounted, spoiled after printing, 44; for
a grand total of 2575.
Actual no. copies of single issue pub-
lished nearest to filing date:
Total no. copies printed, 2600; paid cir-
culation, sales through dealers and
carriers, street vendors and counter
sales 1198, mail subscriptions 1333; for a
total paid circulation of 2531. Free dis-
tribution 25; copies not distributed,
.office use, left over, unaccounted,
spoiled after printing 44; for a grand
total of 2600.
-s- Wesley R. Ramsey, Owner


reepor

did-all the way to Blounts-
town's 15. Once more Wewa
had a first and 10 from the 15.
Maybe there was something
unlucky about that particular
number combination because
once more, the Gator quarter-
back (this time Pippin) was
snakebit. His pass was not
quite high enough and a Tiger
defender intercepted, ending
Wewa's chances.
Next week, the 2-1 Gators go
against Freeport on Gator
field.


But the Tigers didn't roll
over and play dead. They took
Duke Vann's kick-off all the
way down to Wewa's 18. Then,
the Gator defense kept driving
them backwards.
A fourth down pass was
intercepted by James Wright,
who fumbled after a 15-yard
return. So Blountstown got a
second chance. The Tigers
drove to Wewa's one,'but a
goalline defense stopped the
Tigers on fourth down.
SThis is just one example of
the fine defense shown by both
teams throughout the entire
night.
Wewa could have scored
what would have proven to be
the winning point just before
the half expired. Greg Mathes
lined up for a 28-yard field
goal, but the kick .was off true,
so at the half, Wewa held a 7-0
lead.
Blountstown finally got their
act together in mid-fourth
quarter. After a poor punt, the
Tigers took over the ball on
Wewa's 29. Blountstown was
successful in running the ball,
and Tally Cooper took the ball
in for the score from the one.
Opposing quarterback Steve
Williams kept the ball and ran
around the left end for the
decisive two-point conversion.
With a little over seven min-
utes left in the game, Blounts-
town led, 8-7.
Wewea took .the kickoff, and
the Gator offense geared up to
try to post another score. With
the, help of a defensive pass
interference call, Wewa had
the ball in good field position.
Pippin then completed a pass
to Kelan Setterich for the first
down, but on the next play had
to come out for exhaustion.
Left-hander Timmy Strange
then came in and the Gator
offense rolled onward. He
quickly completed two passes
of 19 and 11 yards to give the
Gaotrs first and 10 on the
Tiger 10-yardline. Then it
happened, Strange fumbled a
hand-off and left Blountstown
with 3:26 to run off the clock.
Then, lightning struck a-
gain. Tim Pippin recovered a
fumble on the Tigers' 48 with
1:14 left. Wewa had been given
one more chance.
On first down, Pippin looked
for someone to throw to, but
everyone was covered. So, he
had to run the ball-and he


Fri.


YARDSTICK
Wewa B'town
First downs 7 8
Rushing Yards 191 169
Passing Yards 44 49
Passes 12-4-1 10-3-2
Punts-avg. 4-28 1-24
Fumbles - lost 2-2 3-3 -
Penalties - yards 20 50.
Wewa 7 0 0 0-7
Blountstown 0 0 0 8-8
Wewa-Pippin 4 run (Mathes
kick)
B'town-Cooper 1 run (Wil-
liams run)


- ~'~0


MODERN
3-Pc.
Snack
Bar Set
Featuring padded
spill rail, and high
prejre nmuled
walnut top


I


414-416 Reid Ave.


Port St. Joe


Gators Lose Heart-Breaker to


Doves Will Test


*Padded bar
$79.95
S*Bar stools
$16.95 each
$113.85
bar &2stools
,. .,, . .compare at
. :. $139.95


Kelly Goodman
owner
HOME FURNISHING CENTERS


, The First
.Pentecostal Holiness Church

2001 GARRISON AVE.-PORT ST. JOE

Invites You to Worship with Them
_ - William Wilson, Pastor

SERVICES
SUNDAYSCHOOL ........................ 9:45AM
SMORNING WORSHIP .................... 11:00AM
EVENING WORSHIP ..................7:00 PM
; WEONESDAY NIGHT....................7:00PM


Public Notices


Vote For




WALTER



GRAHAM


County Commissioner

District Number 4

"A MAN WITH EXPERIENCE"

One of the Commissioners responsible for
paved road leading to Vitro, U.S. Coast Guard,
Sunnyland Park and St. Joseph T. H. Stone
Memorial State Park; resurfacing of Reid
Avenue, resurfacing, widening and sidewalks
on Main Street, continuing Avenue "A" from
U.S. 98 to Highway 71, Long Avenue from First
Street to Niles Road, paving Apollo Street,
Liberty Street, resurfacing Avenue "E",
resurfacing Avenue "C", resurfacing 16th
Street and many others.

WALTER GRAHAM was one of the
Commissioners responsible for water and
sewer for Oak Grove, water for Highland View
and many other worthwhile projects through-
out Gulf County.

VOTE FOR A MAN WITH EXPERIENCE

Vote For



WALTER



GRAHAM
Pd. for by Friends and Supporters of Walter Graham


ARE you TIRED of being bald.
embarrassed with loose dan-
druff, itchy scalp, falling hair? ...
USE the all new treatment called
SPANISH SUR GRO. SPANISH
SUR GRO is a natural product
combined with modem research
that SPANISH men and women
have known for ages. SPANISH
SUR GRO has been known to
grow the hair 1/4 inch per week.
Smith's Pharmacy
AVAILABLE at your local drug
or cosmetic counter or send
$9 95 to
SPANISH SUR GRO
2891 Mill Street
Mobile, AL 36607


? Thank You



for your fine vote which

elected me to office in

the first primary. I

pledge to serve you to

the best of my ability.



Bag Birmingham


County-Co - issioner - Elect

District Two

Pd. for by Douglas Birmingham


.PAGE EIGHT


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978







Cigarettes
from Limit


Excluded
Deakao


Port St. Joe,
fths Florida


..A
Specials for
Sept. 27-Oct, 3


in i;+kh s


Georgia
Sweet
Potatoes


-. ga


Yellow
Onions
3Lb. Bag


*EVERY WEEK IS MEAT WEEKAT SAVEWAY'


= N IG1. ,k ---- UIJ - ]


2/9


V


Boston Butt
Pork RoastLb.89
USDA Insp. Heavy Beef
Rnd. Steak $139
USDA Insp. Heavy Beef
Rump Roast$ 1Lb09


Cubed
Steak


Lb.$159


Bottom and Top
Rnd. Steak Lb. 149


____________________________________________M


All Meat
Stew Beef


Lb.$139


Fresh Lean
Pork Steak Lb.99C
5 Lbs. or More
Grnd. Beef Lb79�
5 Lbs. or More
Grnd. Chuck19Lb.


Budget Sliced
Bacon


Whole SLICED Ib.75 .

Smoked PICNICS


/2 Gallon
PUREX LAUNDRY BLEACH


Gallon
PEAK ANTIFREEZE...
50 Lb. While It Lasts I
Trailblazer DOG RATIO
12 oz. cans
ROYAL CROWN COLA


Tall Can
EVAPORATED MILK..

SEEALL RICE .......


40 oz.
Pine Mountain


Syrup $1.29


1 Lb. Nabisco C
Saltine Crackers........69


7/4 Oz. Luxury
Macaroni & Cheese


4/98C


32Oz. /99
Gatorade.......... 99
All
Suntan Lotion... 25% Off
Vienna sausage ..... 2/99
260 z.
Fine Fare Salt ..........19
16 Oz. Hotshot (Hit
Roach & Ant Killer...$1. 9


16 Oz. Fine Fare
Coffee Creamer..


.8 Oz. ;
Luxury Spaghetti... 3/89


.......99C


Lb.69C


Lb.69


57C


.E.....


......$..3.49
IN....$5.79

.6Pack $1 29


. a . . . .U


5 Oz. Castleberry
Brunswick Stew


S..9.. 9

$1.09


....4/99C


80 z.
Elbow Macaroni.....3/89


SMALL EGGS

3 $100
3 Doz.

Meadow Gold-All Flavors
ICE CREAM


Half
Gal.


.Sa ve More 7-t ss ve wz v Sa More an77rub ewavz vMfore aMtsas}e wa vub kV ve


$1.39


32 Oz.

*I I ii r Mr














gee 9



Fo O
^BDelt Paper~







Limt 3wih $0 r More
^^^^^^Food Order ^^
Aunt Jernima Quick^^^^^


Freezer Meat Order Sale
07 Lbs. - Freezer
I Meat Sale
10 Lb. GROUND CHUCK
10 Lb. SMOKED PICNIC SLICED
10 Lb. ROUND STEAK
5 Lb. ALL MEAT STEW
10 Lb. BRISKET STEW
5 Lb. BUDGET SLICED BACON
10 Lb. PORK STEAK
10 Lb. FRESH FRYERS
$ 90

:For
Plus 5 FREE!
SUGAR ....


Freezer Meat Order Sale
50 Lbs. - Freezer
U Meat Sale
10 Lbs. Ground Beef
5 Lbs. Budget Sliced Bacon
10 Lbs. Neck Bones
10 Lbs. Brisket Stew
5 Lbs. Beef Liver
10 Lbs. Round Steak
$ 00
All
For
P uLbs. FREE! -
SUGAR RE


r m I %o A %m"- 0 &%" %- -f n


m


%-F%�ff W%- RWN%.Fg 9- 4�946 %.F" WS- WWILgy %.P%,ff Ww- -W-%.,, 'Kw "% %P'V�w Ww- Ww"y %.F" Ww- WE %.'N %, 4L,046 %'F" ws- --"F �- w - .


A


19ra










~I~AGE TEN THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fin. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1q78


S/The Sharks Are Back!!



Throw Rugged Defense


At Walton


Win 11-0


The Sharks are back!
Friday night in DeFuniak
Springs, the Sharks flashed a
glimpse of their old form of
three to four years ago, in
defeating the Walton County
Braves 11-0 to spoil the
Braves' homecoming.
Both teams sparred for
position in the first period,
with only one first down
recorded, and that one by the
Sharks. The Sharks came out
roaring with a stiff defensive
effort as the Braves started-
with first possession of the
ball. The Braves ran three'
downs for no gain then kicked
and the good representative of
Shark fans began to squirm in
their seats for their favorites


to get the ball.
The kick came down on the
Shark .34 yard line and squirt-
ed through Michael Harris'
hands. The Braves -had the
ball on the Shark 34 and the
outlook was dim.
Then the defense arose to
the occasion. In three straight
plays, Mike Cassani sacked
the Brave quarterback for 10
yards on one play and two on
another. On the third play,
Darrell Brown sacked quar-
terback David Amason for
eight more yards loss and
caused him to fumble on the
Shark 37. The Braves recover-
ed the fumble, but they were
- definitely in punting position.
Early in the second period,


I


Blane Cox (46), Kenny Mason (32), Casteledera Gant (26) hem up Braves'Amoson


-Star photo


the Sharks received their first.
break when Chuck Pollock
blocked a Brave punt, picked
up the ball and carried it back
to the Brave 28, to give the
Sharks their best position of
the night. But the Sharks had
barely started moving when
Dexter Burke caught Rick
Taylor 15 yards deep, trying to
pass and stopped the Sharks
cold.
The Braves also had a
golden opportunity to score in
the second period when the
Braves' Dave Amason recov-
ered a Michael Harris fumble
on the Shark 17 with 6:31 left in
the first half. On the very first
play, the Braves fumbled on
the play and Dusty May was
right there to get the ball back
for the Sharks.
The Sharks came awake in
the second half.
Receiving the ball on the
second half kick, the Sharks
put together one of their


patented drives and moved 57
yards in 11 plays to score the
first touchdown of the night.
Kevin Watts and Michael
Harris each ripped off eight
yard carries for the longest
gains in the drive, which saw
the Sharks run their favorite
"four yards and a cloud of
dust" style of football straight
for the goal line. With 6:02 left
in the period, Harris crawled
over from" about a foot out on
fourth down to score. Taylor's
kick for the extra point was
good.
Early in the fourth period,
the Sharks had another oppor-
tunity to score when Blane
Cox recovered a Brave fumble
on the Walton seven. Harris
and Taylor worked the ball
down to the Brave one foot'
line, but ran out of downs. On
the first Walton play from
their own one foot line. Vic
Gilbert caught Amason in the
end zone for a safety.


Again, later in the period,
with, 3:16 left, Dusty May
blocked a Brave punt in the
end zone and covered the ball
just beyond the end zone for a
second safety. The play had
been set up when Woody Jones
burst through the Brave line to
sack quarterback Amason on
his own five yard line on third
down.
TOMORROW NIGHT
Tomorrow night, the Sharks
will meet a stiff test when they
host the Wakulla County War
Eagles here at 8:00 p.m. The
War Eagles are ranked in the
top ten in the state.
THE YARDSTICK
Braves PSJ
First Downs 4 6
Yards Rushing 31 117
Yards Passing 13 36
Passes" 3-16-1 3-7
Punt Avg. 5-24 5-34
Return Yardage 42 27
Fumbles 2-2 3-4
Penalties 55" 30


Z Airmap Sam R. Parisi, II,
,-, of Mrs. Pauline L. Burt of
. .Rt. 3C, Port St. Joe, has
-i-eceived a new assignment
r following graduation from the
-.environmental support spe-
:cialist course conducted by
the Air Training Command at
7.iSheppard AFB. Tex.
SAirman Parisi, who studied
;water and waste treatment
-a.-rocesses, will go to McCon-
" nell AFB, Kan., for duty with a



Brown,


Three Sharks, Darrell
pB3rown, Mike Cassani and
IDusty May, earned the.
-"Jaws" award after Friday
"-,night's 11-0 winning effort
In case you didn't catch it
last week, in order to achieve
�the "Jaws Club", a player
nmust attain at least two indii-
.ual and two team awards
bmder the Sharks'new grading
system.
SThe defensive awards went
a:s follows:


unit of Strategic Air Coin-
mand. Completion of the
course earned the individual
credits towards an associate
in applied science degree
through the Community Col-
lege of the Air Force.
The airman is a 1976 grad-"
uate of Port St. Joe High
School. His father, Edward G.
Parisi, resides at 633 Knicker-
bocker St., Madison, Wis.


Cassani, May Earn "Jaws" Award


Gold Skull & Crossbones
(outstanding hit), Castledera
Gant, Mike Cassani and Ron-
ald Pickett.
. Gold Star (big play), Mike
Cassani for his great effort on
Walton's fake punt; made the
tackle which saved a touch-
down.
Gold Football (ball recov-
ery), Vic Gilbert, caused fum-
ble; Darrell Brown, caused
fumble; Chuck Pollock, re-
covered blocked punt; Dusty
May (3) fumble recovery, 2


blocked punts; Blanb Cox,
fumble recovery.
Black Bear Paw (quarter-
back sack), Mike Cassani (2),
Darrell Brown and Woody
Jones.
Offensive individual aw-
ards:
Blue Star (line, film grade
of 70 percent), Jerry Shores,
75 percent.
Blue Star (back, film grade
of 80 percent), Rick Taylor, 81
percent.


Darrell Brown Mike Cassani Dusty May


Ipand Boosters Meeting Monday
There will be a Band Boos- the high school. All parents of up at the concession stand
lermeeting Monday, Oct. 2, at band students are urged to Friday night at the football
3:30 p.m. in the band room at attend. game to take donations or
S. There will also be a table set pledges for the band uniforms.


9 back Club

To Make Plans
SThe Port St. Joe Quarter-
:lack Club will have its regular
theeting Monday, Oct. 2 at
:8:00 p.m. in the commons area
:of 'Port St. Joe High School.

-Bowlers Needed
'.We need men and women
iUoiwlers for a mixed doubles
*:.1a6gue to beheld on Monday
-.evenings. We can not have a
leaguee without your help.
i:'Please call 229-.6773 for more
.. if ormation.


Team Awards:
Blue Pride (when offensive
team out-statistics their oppo-
nent) and Blue Bull (offensive
team converts on two-thirds or
more of third and fourth down
attempts, 73 percent): Chuck
Pollock, Rodney Herring,
Ronald Pickett, Kevin Watts,
Vic Gilbert, Jerry Shores,
Woody Jones, Joey Fontaine,
John Anderson, Dusty May,
Michael Harris and Rick Tay-
lor.
Black Gorilla (down line-
men and inside linebackers
hold opponent to less than 100
yards rushing): Mike Cassani,
Darrell Brown, Joey Raffield,
Ronald Minger, Vic Gilbert,
Dusty May, Joey Fontaine,


John Anderson and Woody
Jones.
Black Cyclone (secondary
and outside linebackers hold
opponent to less than 50 yards
passing): Casteldera Gant,
Ronald Pickett, Kenny Mason,
B. J. Cox and Chuck Pollock.
Black Pride (defensive
team holds opponent score-
less) and Black Bull (de-
fense holds opponent to less
than one-third of third and
fourth down conversions):
Mike Cassani, Darrell Brown,
Joey Raffield, Ronald Minger,
Vic Gilbert, Dusty May, Cass
Gant, Ronald Pickett, Kenny
Mason, B. J. Cox, Chuck Pol-
lock, Woody Jones, Joey Raf-
field and John Anderson.


a

0 04
I I A


C78
IYearsofJ
ualiyand


Polyester Cord

DELUXE

CHAMPION+ +


Sw3 A78-13 Blackwll.
as Plus $1.69 EE.T
and old tire.
I0 wWHITEWALL
at -A ADD $5.
a "A" size 5-ribdesign.
flu Block EE Sz.. She ack FE.T
*6.00-12 $22 $1.42 F78-14 $30 $2.26
*5.60-13 22 1.46 G78-14 30 2.42
*P155/800-13 22 1.43 H78-14 32 2.60
*6.00-13 22 1.50 *5.60-15 24 1.01
878,13 24 1.77 *6.00-15L 26 1.70
C78-14 26 1.93 *6.85S-15 26 1.86
*6.45-14 26 1.71 G78-15 32 2.45
078-14 26 2.01 H78-15 34 2.65
E78-14 28 2.13 L78-15 35 2.93
DO WN i TOAll prices plus tax & old tire.
WHITEWALLS ADD $2 to $3.
EARTH"PRICES! Tread design different than shown.



DOUBLE-BELTED

DELUXE

CHAMPION'


as 25
low_
as

A78-13, Blackwall.
Plus $1.71 FE.T and old tire.
WHITEWALL ADD $4.75


$27 $3 1so $33�$36$ 38"
778-14 , C78-14. 78-14, 0716-14 H78-14o 0711315 IHI78s1 L7LWIS
178-14 lilackwall. 178-15 . F7-15 leiwall Jit-is Plus $3.05 F.E.T.
Plus $1.92 to $2.19 Blackwall. Plus $2.47 to $2.77 Plus $2.77 and old tire.
F.E.T. and old tire. Plus $2.31 to $2.47 F.E.T. and old tire. $2.96 F.E.T.
F.E.T. and old tire. and old tire.
WHITEWALL ADD $4.75




PATE'S SERVICE CENTER

214 Monument Ave. Phone 227-1291


Kevin Watts gains eight


Airman Sam Parisi

Sent to Kansas


Michael Harris (with ball) hurdles defenders


Outdoor Fun


Starts Here!
visit the Athletic House
and equip yourself for

Fun in

z ~the '
sun!



check our Quality

Tennis Equipment

Skate Boards
Gym Shorts

and Shirts



Athletic House


OAK GROVE
ASSEMBLY OF GOD
Madison Street Phone 229-6271
SUNDAY SERVICES
Sunday School .......................:. 9:45 A.M.
Morning Worship ......................... 11:00 A.M.
Youth Service ............................ 5:00 P.M.
Evening Evangelistic Service............. 6:15 P.M.
Mid-week Bible Study (Wednesday) ....... 7:15 P.M.
Morning Prayer Meeting (Mon.-Fri.) ..... 9:00 A.M.
PASTOR DAVID FERNANDEZ
"Where Eternal Friendships Are Made"


AETEN


7


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28. 1978





















Friday, September 29


8:00 P.M. -Shark Stadium


PORT ST. JOE SHARKS-Sitting, left to right: Greg Wood, waterboy;
David Bray, Mike Cassani, Castledera Gant, Kenny Mason, Michael Harris,
Woody Jones, Jerry Shores, Tim Pope, Richard Parker and Henry
Stallworth, water boy. Kneeling: Ronald Minger, Tom Bouington, Blane
Cox, Carlton Wilkinson, Eugene Floore, Jeff Wood, Vic Gilbert, John


Anderson, Dusty May and Kevin Watts. Standing: Coach Rick Williams,
Coach Chris Earley, Joey Raffield, Marvin Sewell, Joey Fontaine, Rodney
Herring, Rick Taylor, Chuck Pollock, Ronald Pickett, Chuck Stevens,
Darrell Brown, Coach Wayne Taylor and Coach Kesley Colbert.
-Star photo


'a


ADMISSION


Adults -

Students -


2o50

$1 50


Reserved Seats $275


Varsity
Wewahitchka 0-20
Fla. High 14-12
DeFuniak 11-0
Wakulla H
Marianna H
Chatta. 8:00 T
Chipley H
Bonifay 8:30 T
Apalachicola H
Blountstown 8:30 T


SCHEDULES


Jr. Varsity


Sept. 14
Sept., 21
Sept. 28
Oct. 5
Oct. 12
Oct. 19
Oct. 26


Wewa 7:00
Blountstown
Rosenwald 7:00
Wewa 7:30
Marianna 7:30
Blountstown 7:00
Chatt. 6:00


H


Sept. 14
Sept. 21
Sept. 28
Oct. 5
Oct. 12
Oct. 19


Jr. High


Wewa 5:00 H
Blountstown 6:00 H
Chatt. 6:00 T
Wewa 5:30 T
Blountstown T
Chatt. 5:00 H


--- -- -- - -- --- -- --- -- --- -- - -- - -- - -- - ---r --- -- --- --- -- - --- ---[ --- --- ---


Carr's Auto Sales
Phone 229-6961
Citizen's Federal Savings
AND LOAN ASSOCIATION OF PORT ST. JOE
Phone 227-1416
Comforter Funeral Home
Hortense and Rocky Comforter Phone 227-1818
COSTIN'S
Quality at Savings Phone 229-8716
Dairy Burger
Come by After the Ballgame for a Snack 229-8763
Danley Furniture Co.
Make Your House A Home

David Rich's IGA Foodliner
Port St. Joe and Wewahitchka
Driesbach's Cleaners
Pick-Up and Delivery
Earley Hdwe., Coastal Mfg.
Hwy. 98 - Highland View Phone 227-1763


Economy Motors
and GARDEN CENTER
Florida Boy Seafood
.Home of the Best Dressed Seafood Phone 229-6934
Florida 1st National Bank
at Port St. Joe
Hannon Insurance
and Real Estate


K&D TV & Sound
Your RADIO SHACK Dealer


Pate's Service Center
Firestone and Michelin Tires Phone 227-1291
Pauline's
Specializing in Homemade Desserts and
Noon Buffet
Piggly Wiggly
For Greater Savings Phone 227-1728
Preachers Department Store
"Best of Luck, Sharks!!"


Raffield Retail Market
Phone 229-6877
Ralph & Henry's Stand.
113 Monument Ave. Phone 227-1453
Renfro Auto Parts
Phone 229-6013
SEARS
LEON POLLOCK, Authorized Catalog Sales
Merchant
St. Clair Funeral Home
Phone 229-8111
St. Joe Auto Parts
NAPA Phone 229-8222
St. Joe Furniture
and APPLIANCE CO. Phone 227-1251
"Get 'Em Sharks! !"
St. Joe Hardware
Whirlpool Appliances Phone 229-8028


-/


~.-------------


/ St. Joe Motor Co.
Phone 227-1336
St. Joe Natural Gas
Gas Is Naturally Better Phone 229-8831
Saveway Food Store
Featuring USDA Choice Beef and Fresh Produce


Smith's Pharmacy
John Cooley, Owner
Compliments of
Sub Shop
401 Monument Avenue


Sugar Plum Tree
Billy J. Rich, Owner Phone 229-6010
Thames Jewelers
Watches - Diamonds - Gifts
Western Auto
David B. May Phone 227-1105


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - -


~4%


'N
%


SHARKS' OPPONENTS


Wakulla Co. War Eagles


'I'


T 4.

am


Sept. 8
Sept. 15
Sept. 22
Sept. 29
Oct. 6
Oct. 13
Oct. 20
Oct. 27
Nov. 3
Nov. 10


j
a.,,


F olibIT
07711


� RN












PAGE TWELVE


S LEGAL NOTICE
I,.JESSE J. McCRARY, JR., Secre-
torV of State of the State of Florida
do hereby give notice that a General
Election will be held In each County
In Florida, on the First Tuesday after
the - First Monday In November,
which date IsNovember 7, 1978, for
the ratificotion or relectlon of the fol-
lowing proposed revisions or amend-
ments to the Constitution of the State
of Florida.
NOTE: Words In-strwhl-ltrugh type
are proposed deletions from the
existing Constitution; words _undo-
lined are proposed additions.
PROPOSED REVISION TO THE
FLORIDA CONSTITUTION OF 1968
/ REVISION NO. 1
SASIC DOCUMENT
CONSTITUTION OF THE
. STATE OF FLORIDA
PREAMBLE
We, the people of the State of Flor-
Ida, Being grateful to Almighty God
tfor our constitutional liberty. In order
to secure Its benefits, perfect our
government, Insure domestic tran-
quility, maintain public order, and
guarantee equal civil and political
rights to all, do ordain and establish
this constitution.

ARTICLE I
S . OCLARATION OF RIGHTS
SECTION 1. Political power.-All
political power Is inherent In.the peo-
peauaRisth e ed b y thhf Won thi on it-

nteo states. aThe enunciation herein
of certain r sghes shall not be con-
strued to deny or impair others re-
taihed by the people.
: SECTION 3. Religious freedom.-
There shall be no low, respecting the
establishment of religion or prohibit-
ing or penalizing the free exercise
thereof. Religious freedom shall not
lustily practices inconsistent with -
public morals, peace or safety. No
revenue of the state or any political
subdivision or agency thereof shall
ever be taken from the public trea-
sury directly or indirectly in aid of
any church, sect, or religious de-
nominalon or in aid of any sectarian
institution.
SECTION 4. Freedom of speech
and press.-Every person may
speak, write and publish his sen-
timents on all subjects but shall be
responsible for the abuse of that
right; No law shall be passed to re-
strain or abridge the liberty of
speech or of the press. In all criminal
prosecutions and civil actions for
- . defamation the truth may be given In
evidence. If the matter charged as
defamatory is true and was pub-
listed with good motives, the party
shqll be acquitted or exonerated.
SECTION 5. -Right to assemble.-
S The people shall have the right
peM acbly to assemble, to instruct
their representatives, and to petition
for'redress of grievances.
SECTION 6. Right to work.-The
right of persons to work shall not be
denied or abridged on account of
membership or non-membership in
any labor union or labor organiza-
tion: The right of employees, by and
through a labor organization, to bar-
gain collectively shall not be denied
or abridged. Binding arbitration is


conditions fo r dmn o fween
A".* Public employees and . Pubic em-
loyer. iPublic employees shall not
hove he right to strike.
SECTION 7. Military power.-The
military power shall be subordinate
to the civil.
. SECTION 8. Right to bear arms.-
The- right of the people-to keep and
bear arms in defense of themselves
anrid of the lawful authority of the
state shall not be infringed, except
that' the manner of bearing arms
may be regulated by law.
SECTION 9. Due process.-No per-
son 'shall be deprived of life, liberty
.or property withoUt due process of
low; or be twice put in jeopardy for
the same offense, or be compelled in
any criminal matter to be a witness
against himself. Any natural person
hovin knowledge or possession of
fcts at tend to establish the guilt
any other person under the laws of
he state shall not be excused from
eivsa testimony or producing
evidence when Irhl called upon to
Sh eso on at rund o at tmay endo
aoi rimairin him under tie lows of
thestates but no natural rsn hall








Irisone t or o odfamon
oe p ecutedra subec to any
Penalty or ti rioltu or or n ac
count of ny transaction, matter, or
thn concerning which he may so

SECTION 10. Prohibited laws.-No
bill -of attainder, ex post fact law or
law impairing the obligation of con-
tracts sha ll be passed.
SECTION 11.
Imprisonment for debt.-No person
shall be imprisoned for debt, except
In cases of fraud.
fSECTION 12. Searches and seiz-
ures.-The right of the people to be
secure in their persons, houses,
papers and effects against unreason-
able searches and seizures, and
against the unreasonable intercep-
tion of private communications by
any means, shall not be violated. No
warrant shall be issued except upon
probable cause, supported by af-
fidavit. particularly describing the
place or places to be searched, the
person or persons, thing or things to
- be seized, the communication to be
intercepted, and the nature of
evidence to be obtained, Articles or
information obtained in violation of
this right shall not be admissible in
evidence.
SECTION 13. Habeas corpus.-The
writ of habeas corpus shall be grant-
able of right, freely and without cost.
It shall be returnable without delay,
and shall never be suspended unless,
in case of rebellion or invasion, sus-
pension is essential to the public
safely.
SECTION 14. Release prior to trial.
Bell, - Until o31udacgTu1ieivieiy
person charged with a crime or
violation of municipal or county or-
dinance shall be released upon cpndi-
tions reasonable uniir fnecTrdiii-
stnces to secure his pperonce at
future court proceedings including
is adequate. t enttie--fee "e-
fesesnobie-bmilwith bsuffilcen- surety
unless- No person charged with a
capital ofrnie ir on offense punish-
able by life imprisonment shall be
Released prior to tril when iutshie
proof at guilt is evident or the pre-



right counsel before grand tory
offenses committed by childrens-
Ia) No parson shall be tried for
capital crime without presentment or

tory, or tar other felony without such
presentment or indictment returned
by a two-thirds vote at the member's
r or an information
nder 0ath in by the prosecuting
officer of the court, except persons on
active duty in the militia when tried
by courts martial.
abss Any person called to testify
Before grand tury shall be advised
ons right to counsel andish olined

ness shail hove the right to be ac-
companied By, and to receive the ad-















In. all criminal prosecutions the ac-


caused shall, upon demand, be in-
formied of the nature and cause of the
accusation against him, and shall be
furnished a copy of the charges, and
shall have the right to have compul-
sory process for witnesses, to con-
front at trial adverse witnesses, to be
hedord in person, by counsel or both,
and to have a speedy and public trial
by impartial iury in the county where
the crime was committed. If the.
cdunrty is not known, the indictment
or information may charge venue in
two' or more counties conlunctively
and proof that the crime was com-
mitted in that area shall be suf-
ficient; but before pleading the ac-
cused may elect in which of those
counties he will be tried. Venue for
prosecution of crimes committed be-
yond the boundaries of the state shall
be fixed by law.
SECTION 17. Excessive punish-
ments. - Excessive fines, cruel or
unusual punishment, attainder, for-
feiture of estate, indefinite imprison-
ment, and unreasonable detention of
witnesses oare forbidden.
SECTION 18. Administrative penal-


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978


ties. - No administrative agency
shall Impose a sentence of imprlson-
,ment, nor shall it Impose any other
penalty except as provided by low.
SECTION 19. Costs.-No' person
charged with crime shall be com-
pelted to pay costs before a judgment
of conviction has become final.



mif e otlf: thUa :n ----e




oenir Goa e ss elfonsu een-







use.
SECTION 21. Access to courts.-
The courts shall be open to every
person for redress orce; any inury, andc


justice shall be administered without




sale, denial or delay. l
SECTION 22 Trial r fy aur -The




right of trial by lury shall be secure
o e ll and remain inviolaudite. The
qu alificas to termions and the number of r








ors, not fewer than six shall be fIxed
SECTION 21. AccRighess to courtsicy.-
exright of trial by ury shall be secure







ec ts rn the e r er-
Thers burhall be on he the right tor


examine any public record mn de or
jsrtceived an connection with e pub-
lic business g by any nonludcial public
officer or employee in e sateings or byN
pme ting atwhi offic ers ro to









aNrsons
pboiees bao . The legislture may





exempt records by general law when
Ri over, which for the purposes o thiso pro


















description is defined as the point
telongitude 87'06 west intersected










thence to the poai where latitude 30o
24Th north aond longitudlbecme e87e3106
SECTION 24. OPubli eretns-No
west intersect thdence toes to aint
exmine abt which o ri d a ts or















thence to the point where the center
line o the introoeostl Canal o as tr e





psle existed on June i12 19531 and



longitude 8727 west intersect;


of the Perdido River to the point
where it ntersects the south boun-ve
dary af the Sate of Alabamao being
rverin n overenme os d o






















SECalong the south boundary line s.-of the
State of Alabama, the same being la-
titude 310000 north to the middle of
the Chawtthoochee River; thence
son fluence with the Flint River;









thence in straight line to the head
of the St. Mrs River. thence down
the middle of sid river to the Atlan-
tic Ocean; thence due east to the
edge of the Gulf Stream or a dist ance









of three geographic miles whichever
is the greater distance, thence in a









the Gulf Stream or along line three n
thgeographic mies the Atlantie of
Fexrido; thence upnorrlo aed wdlesI
















of the inPerdido three leagues distant
from the Gulf of Mexico coastline
whichever is greater, to and though
he Straitates of Florida and westerly,
including the Florida reefs, to a point
due sou th of and three leagues from
Rothe putheirmost ponar t e the Mar-
Sstraight line to a pint due south o
Stde latiONu nort St'the nrle ando








and three leagues fim Loggerhecad








Key the westernmost of the Dry Tor-ea
fugas islands; thence westerly.
northerly and of easterly along the arc
Loggerhead Key to hence point due north
herie of tie 30lf8Strea nor and
lontuONe 87ogaphic wes ticntersect














a Logg erheasond Key; thence north-
east along straight line to re point






three leagues from the coastline of
Florida; thence northerly and wes-
coterly three leagues distant from the
of the Perdido River three leagues
from the coastline ofe as mesured on a
line bearing south 00100 west rom
the paint of beginning; thence north


within th United States adjacent to
of the St. Mhorys River east of the









Perdido Rivero and south of the
States of Alabama and heorgia. -








fbi The coastal boundaries may be
extended by statute to the limits per-
mitted bey the lows of the Unite
nStates or interntion l, nl iew.

The seat of government shall be the
eCity ofn a straight lin Leon County.
where the offices Rof the governor.
members and the supreme a court
oshaltl be maintain ed and the sessions
of the legislature shall be e held;
provided that, in time of invasiedon or
grove emergency, the governor by








proclamation may tor the period of
government to another Place.
SECTION 3. Branches of govd serln-
ment-The Powers of the state ae o
government shall be divided into
legislative, executive and udiialth
branches . N o person belonging toa









one branch shall exercise any
powers app tertaining to eif their of the
other branches unless expressly










SECTION 4. State seal and
and floga of the state shall be apre
SECTION 5. Public officers.-o
1h No person holding any office ofr











government. or civil attica of
emolume nta under the United Soanes
or any other state, shall hold any eof










Fice of honor or of emolument under
the governmental a of this state. No per-
son shall hold an the some time more
than one office under the government
of the state and the counties and
municipalities otherein, except hat o
notary public or military of tficer mayt
hold another office, and any officer









may be a member of a constitution
revision commission, constitutional
convention, or statutory bodyng having
onlyer advisory powers or hold such
other nan-elective offices-as yprevTas
bygenoeral ldaw. Na person who has










Statesorintrestination would h.ve
serveadin an executive statewide
elective office for more hn six-
S sea rs in two consecutive terms sle
elected to that office for the osuc-








mb)e stanthesand county officer,
before entering upon the duties soathe
ofthfice e, shall give bond as required by








law, and shall swear or aflirm :

defend the Constittiion and Govern-
gment of the United States and o ther










State Of Florida; that I om duly
qualified to hold officthe under the Con-
stitution of the state; and that I will
well and faithfully ptherform the duties
of . . . title ofr office . . on which Ier









am now about to enter. So help me
and thereafter shall devote personal
attention to the duties of the office,
eand continue ine office until his
bc The pow erso, duties, compensa-
tion and method of payment eof state


andf couny officers shall be fixed by
low.nd lw


Schedule to Article II, Section 5-
In the event the revision to Article I,
elected oticers from serving more
than two consecutive Terms, is daOpt
ed, executive statewide elected
officers in office on the date this con-
stItution becomes effective shall
thereafter be eligible to serve one ad-
ditional consecutive term.
SECTION 6. Enemy attack.-In
periods of emergency resulting from
enemy attack the legislature shall
have power to provide for prompt
and temporary succession to the
powers qnd duties of all public offices
the incumbents of which may
become unavailable to execute the
functions of their offices, and to
adopt such other measures as may
be necessary and appropriate to in-
sure the continuity of governmental
operations during the emergency. In
exercising these powers, the legislo-
ture may depart from other require-
ments of this constitution, but only to
the extent necessary to meet the
emergency.


EE~TION 7. H:t~:l ~~A-eee-eAd-


s4ehe~tie .l- t she -poie


le-tey-wfef-f ebtement-of-efr


SECTION 7-4. Ethics in govern-
ment-A public office is a public
trust. The people shall have the right
to secure and sustain that trust
against abuse. To assure this right:
(a> All elected constitutional of-
ficers and candidates for such offices
and, as may be determined by law,
other public officers, candidates, and
employees shall file full and public
disclosure of their financial Interests.
(b) All elected public officers and
candidates for such offices shall file
full and public -disclosure of their
campaign finances.
(c) Any public officer or employee
who breaches the public trust for
private gain and any person or entity
inducing such breach shall be liable
to the state stfor afinanciforall benefits
obtained by such actions. The man-
ner of recovery and additional
damages may be provided by law.
(d) Any public officer or employee
who is convicted of a felony involving
a breach of public trust shall be sub-
iect to forfeiture of rights and
privileges under a public retirement
system or pension plan in such man-
ner as may be provided by law.
(e) No member of the legislature
or statewide elected officer shall per-
sonally represent another person or
entity for compensation before the
government body or agency of which
the individual was on officer or
member for a period of two years fol-
lowing vacation of office. No member
of the legislature shall personally
represent another person or entity
for compensation during term of of-
fice before any state agency other
than judicial tribunals. Similar re-
strictions on other public officers and
employees may be established. by
law.
(f) There shall be an Independent
commission to conduct Investigations
and make public reports on all com-
plaints concerning breach of public
trust by public officers or employees
not within the jurisdiction of the
judicial qualifications commission.
(g) This section shall not be con-
strued to limit disclosures and
prohibitions which may be estab-
lished by low to preserve the public
trust and avoid conflicts between
public duties and private interests.
(h) Schedule to ArticleI _1. Section
7--On the effective -dTe of this
amendment and until changed by
low:
La) 44-4 Full and public disclosure
of financial interests shall mean fil-
ing with the secretary of state by
July 1 of each year a sworn state-
ment showing net worth and identify-
ing each asset and liability in excess
of S1.000 and its value together with
one of the following: -
(1) o, A copy of the person's most
recent federal income tax return; or
(2) b. A sworn statement which
identifies each separate source and
amount of income which exceeds
$1,000. The forms for such source dis-
closure and the rules under which
they are to be filed shall be pre-
scribed by 4hea independent commis-
- sion established in subsection (f),
and such rules shall include disclo-
sure of secondary sources of income.
Lb) 1-. Persons holding statewide
elective offices shall also file disclo-
sure of their financial interests pur-
suant to subsection -(4hi (1) .9oJu-sthiLs
schedule. .
(c) (3) The independent commis-
sion provided for in subsection (f)
shall mean the Florida Commission
on Ethics.
ARTICLE Ill
LEGISLATURE
SECTION 1. Composition.-The
legislative power of the state shall be
vested in a legislature of the'State of
Florida, consisting of a senate com-
posed of one senator elected from
each senatorial district and a house
of representatives composed of one
member elected from each represen-
- tative district.
SECTION 2. Members; officers.-
Each house shall be the sole judge
of the qualifications, elections, and
returns of its members, and shall
biennially choose its officers, includ-
ing a permanen- presiding,' officer
selected from its membership, who
sidingoffi^cer shall beesignaedin
the senate as president of the senate,
and in the house as speaker of the
house of representatives. Upongo
vacancy in the office of a presiding
officer. the president pro tempore or
the speaker pro tempore. as the case
may be shall automatically succeed
to the office.-'The-senate shall -desig-
nate a secretary to serve at its plea-
sure, and the house of representa-
tives shall designate a clerk to serve
at its pleasure. T-he-iegisahu-e -shell
opeeint--ea--editr-or-te--ser-ve -e-l---frf
pleasure----whe--she0i----Oudi- -puble-
recefds,-end-Peraor-m---relteted--dules-
es-.-r-esebed-y-,4ew--ef--encu-wrnt-
SECTION 3. Sessions of the legisla-
ture.-
(a)" ORGANIZATION SESSIONS.
On the fourteenth day following each
general election the legislature shall
convene for the exclusive purpose of
organization and selection of officers.
(b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A
regular session of the legislature
shall convene on the -4est- second
Tuesday aftfer- -the -fiFst.- Mendoy in
Ap i4- February of each odd--num-
berFed- year, anR-on-the-fir-st-T-uesdev
gfter- - e--flr-sf---Mendey- -A-p- ail,-er-
siieh --aher--dete-ee.-m ey- Se-4xed--y-
lw--ef-eoeit-aeven-numbered yeor-uun-
less otherwise provided by low.

(c) SPECIAL SESSIONS.
(1) The governor, by proclamation
stating the purpose, may convene the
legislature in special session during
which only such legislative business
may be transacted as is within the
purview of the proclamation, or of a
communication from the governor.
or is introduced by consent of two-
thirds of the membership of each
house.
(2) A special session of the legisla-
ture may be convened as provided
by law.
(d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A
regular session of the legislature
shall not exceed sixty consecutive
, days, and a special session shall not
exceed twenty consecutive days, un-
less extended beyond such limit by a
three-fifths vote of each house. Dur-
ing such an extension no new busi-
ness may be taken up in either house
without the consent of two-thirds of
its membership.
(e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither
house shall adjourn for more than
seventy-two consecutive hours ex-
cept pursuant to concurrent resolu-
tion.
(f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER-
- NOR. If, during any regular or
special session, the two houses can-
not agree upon a time for adiourn-
ment, the governor may adjourn the
session sine die br to any dote within
the period authorized for such ses-
sion; provided that, at least twenty-
four hours before adjourning the ses-
sion, he shall, while neither house is
in recess, give each house formal
written notice of his intention to do
so, and agreement reached within
that period by both houses on a time
for adjournment shall prevail.

SECTION 4. Quorum and pro-
cedure.-
(1) A majority of the membership
of each house shall constitute d quor-
um, but a smaller number may ad-
Journ from day to day and compel
the presence of absent members in
such manner and under such penal-
ties as it may prescribe. Each house
shall determine its rules of
procedure.
(b) Sessions of each house shall be
public; except sessions of the senate
when considering appointment to or
-removal from public office may be
closed.
(c) Each house shall keep and pub-
lish a journal of its proceedings; and
upon the request of five members
present, the vote of each member
voting on any question shall be en-
tered on the journal.

cjpa a member fl---en-emol--or-
diser-der4y--.endua-4 and, by a two-
thirds vote of its membership, may
expel a member. Upon the call of the
presiding officer, eift'e-'R-ouse s-tall
convene for such purposes whether
or not the other house is in session.


SECTION 5. Investigations; wit-
nesses.-Each house, when in ses-
sion, may compel attendance of wit-
nessesses and production of documents
and other evidence upon any matter
under investigation before it or any
of its committees, and may punish by
fine not exceeding one thousand dol-
lars or imprisonment not exceeding
ninety days, or both, any person not
a member who has been guilty of dis-
orderly or contemptuous conduct in
its presence or has refused to obey
its lawful summons or to answer law-
ful questions. Such powers, except
the power to punish, may be con-
ferred by law upon .committees when
the legislature is not in session. Pun-
ishment of contempt of an interim
legislative committee shall be by
judicial proceedings -as prescribed
by low.
SECTION 6. Laws.-Every low
shaHll embrace but one subject and
matter property connected therewith,
and the subject shall be briefly ex-
pressed in the title. No law shall be
revised or amended by reference to


its title only. Laws to revise or
amend shall set out in full the revised
or amended act, section, subsection
or paragraph of a subsection. The
enacting clause of every law shall
read: "Be It Enacted by the Legisla-
ture of the State of Florida:".
SECTION 7. Passage of bills.-Any
bill may originate In either house and
after passage in one may be amend-
ed in the other. It shall be read in
each house on three separate days,
unless this rule is waived by two-
thirds vote; provi__edtthat p ubcatl- n
in the journall W--o11-sotif th
requirement at the first reading, on
each reading,t hall be read title
only, unless one-third of the
members present desire it read in
full. On final passage, the vote of
each member voting shall be entered
on the journal. Passage of a bill shall
require a majority vote in each
house. Each bill and joint resolution
passed In both houses shall be signed
by the presiding officers of the re-
spective houses and by the secretary
of the senate and the clerk of the
house of representatives during the
session or as soon as practicable
after its adjournment sine die.
SECTION 8. Executive approval
and veto.-
(an Every bill passed by the legis-
lature shall be presented to the
governor for his approval and shall
become a low if he approves and
signs It, or foils to veto it within ,
seven consecutive days after presen-
totion. If during that period or on the
seventh day the legislature adjourns
sine die or takes a recess of more
than thirty days, he shall have thirty
fefleen. consecutive days from me
date of presentation to act on the bill.
In all cases except general appro-
priation bills, the veto shall extend to
the entire bill. The governor may
veto any specific appropriation in o
general appropriation bill, but may
not veto any qualification or restric-
tion without also vetoing the appro-
priation to which it relates.
(b) When a bill or any specific ap-
propriation of a general appropria-
tion bill has been vetoed by the
governor, he shall transmit his
signed objections thereto to the house
In which the bill originated if in ses-
sion. If that house is not in session,
he shall file them with the secretary
of state, who shall lay them before
that house at Its next regular or
special session, and they shall be en-
tered on its journal.
(c) If each house shall, by a two-
thirds vote, re-enact the bill or rein-
state the vetoed specific appropria-
tion of a general appropriation bill,
the vote of each member voting shall
be entered aon the respective Jour-
nals, and the bill shall become law or
the specific appropriation reinstated,
the veto notwithstanding. A vetoed
bill or vetoed specific appropr action
shll not be considered later than the
d urnment the next regular ses-
son following the session in which
such bill or approprIation was
passed.

SECTION 9. Effective date of laws.
- Each law shall take effect on the
sixtieth day afotter adjournment sine
die of the session of the-legislature in
which enacted or as otherwise
provided therein. If the low is passed
over the veto of the governor it shall
take effect on the sixtieth day after
adjournment sine die of the session
in which the veto is overridden, on a
later date fixed in the law, or on a
date fixed by resolution passed by
both houses of the legislature.
SECTION 10. Special laws.-No
special law shall be passed unless no-
tice of intention to seek enactment
thereof has been published In the
manner provided by general low.
Such notice shall not be necessary
when the law, except the provision
for referendum, is conditioned to
become effective only upon approval
by vote of the electors of the area af-
fected.
SECTION 11. Prohibited special
laws.-
(a) There shall be no special law
or general law of local application
pertaining to:
(1) election, jurisdiction or duties
of officers, except officers at muni-
cipalities, chartered counties, special
districts or local governmental agen-
cies;
(2) assessment or collection of
taxes for state or county purposes,
including extension of time therefore,
relief of tax officers from due per-
formance of their duties, and relief of
their sureties from liability;
(3) rules of evidence in any court;
(4) punishment for crime;
(5) petit juries, including compen-
sation of jurors, 'except establish-
ment of jury commissions;
(6) change of civil or criminal ven-
ue;
(7) conditions precedent to bring-
ing any civil or criminal proceedings,.
or limitations of time therefore;
(8) refund of money legally paid or
remission of fines, penalties or.forfel-.,.
tures;
(9) creation, enforcement, exten-
sion or impairment of liens based on
private contracts, or fixing of inter-
est rates on private contracts;
(10) disposal of public property, in-
cluding any interest therein, for
private purposes;
(11) vacation of roads;
(12) private Incorporation or grant
of privilege to ao private corporation;
(13) effectuation of invalid deeds,
wills or other instruments, or change
in the low of descent;
(14) change of name of any person;
(15) diss.ltion_ oof mnorriqge
diver-gee
, (16) legitimation or adoption of per-
sons;
(17) relief of minors from legal dis-
abilities;
(18) transfer of any property inter-
est of persons under legal disabilities
or of estates of decedents;
(19) hunting or fresh water fishing;
(20) regulation of occupations
which are regulated by a state
agency;or
(21) any subject when prohibited
by general law passed by a three-
fifths vote of the membership of each
house. Such law may be amended or
repealed by like vote.
(b) In the enactment of general
lows on other subjects, political sub-
divisions or other governmental enti-
ties may be classified only on a basis
reasonably related to the,subject of
the law.
SECTION 12. Appropriation bills.-
Laws making appropriations for
salaries of public officers and other
current expenses of the state shall
contain provisions on no other sub-
iect.
SECTION 14. Civil service sys-
tem.-By law there shall be created
a civil service system for state em-
ployees, except those expressly
exempted, and there may be created
civil service systems and boards for
county, district 'or municipal em-
ployees and for such offices thereof
as are not elected or appointed by
the governor, and there may be auth-
orized such boards as are necessary
to prescribe the qualifications, meth-
od of selection -and tenure of such
employees and officers.
SECTION 15. Terms and qualifica-
tions of legislators.-
(a) SENATORS. Senators shall be
elected for terms of four years, those
from+ odd-numbered districts in the
years the numbers of which are mul-
tiples of four and those from even-
numbered districts in even-num-
bered years the numbers of which
ore not multiples of four; except, at
the election next following a reappor-
tionment, one half of the seme sena-
tors shall le eTecTe- To-rterms of two
years when necessary to maintain
staggered terms.
(b) REPRESENTATIVES. Mem-
bers of the house of representatives
shall be elected for terms of two
years in each even-numbered year.
(cI QUALIFICATIONS. Each legis-
lator shall be atg-eost.--twent..-ene
yeews--e4--oxe, an elector and resident
of the district from which elected and
shall have resided in the state for a
period of two years prior to election.
(d) ASSUMING OFFICE; VACAN-
CIES. Members of the legislature
shall take office upon election.
Vacancies in legislative office shall
-be filled only by election as provided
by low.
SECTION 17. Impeachment.-
(1) The governor, lieutenant
governor, members--ef - .the- cabinet
statewide elected constitutional of-

and- judges of circuit courts and


fdes of county courts shall be lia-
e impeachment for misdemeanor
in office. The house of representa-
tives by two-thirds vote of the mem-
bersti shall have the power -oTw-
peach an officer an.jpon the call of
the speaker shall- conven'e' -_FrWis
purpose whether or not the senate is
in session. The speaker of the house
Seresentatives shall have power
at any time to appoint a committee to
investigate charges against any of-
ficer subjectto mpeachmnt,
(b) An officer impeacneo by the
house of representatives shall be dis-
qualified from performing any of-
ficial duties until acquitted by the
senate, and unless the governor is
impeached he may by appointment
fill the office until completion of the
trial.
(c) All impeachments by the house
of representatives shall be tried by
the senate. The chief justice of the
supreme court, or another justice
designated by him, shall preside at
the trial, except in a trial of the chief
justice or another justice, in which
case the presTlia otcer shall be o
judicial officer oher lthan a us ice
sle .iTn a manner provided by
low gever-noF-shoH-pFeside. The sen-
oae shall determine the time for the
trial of any impeachment and may
sit for the trial whether the house of
representatives be In session or not.
The time fixed for trial shall not be


more than six months after the Im-
peachment. During an Impeachment
trial senators shall be upon their oath
or affirmation. No officer shall be
convicted without the concurrence of
two-thirds of the membership
members of the senate pFesent.
Judgment of conviction in cases of
Impeachment shall remove the of-
fender from office and, In the discre-
tIon of the senate, may Include dis-
qualification to hold any office of hon-
or, trust or profit. Conviction or ac-
quittal shall not affect the civil or
criminal responsibility of the officer.

SECTION 18. Conflict of Interest.-
A code of ethics for all state em-
ployees and nonjudicial officers
prohibiting conflict between public
duty and private Interests shall be
prescribed by low.

SE O Review of rules.-
I e The loure , shall iendtin
cru inn oversightcoa ores nromu-
a vacieate execute
branchg ernmen.
S T let iWstablish a
faint lealsayive comm ee a rev ew
c ontinuously the r general--e
agencies of the executive brancn.
After reasonable notice to the
acencv, the point committee may
seek udiialreview o he vdit
an administrative rule exceIng
delgCTION 1. Gove revewnor
be ,n on expedited praceeng ore
(a) The supreme exeor sucutive pcurower
shall be vested incourt gov rule marnor He
ignshall bte The court shall -in-chisuspenf of
rutive servnding ude of the Unial dted rminationesHe
of f the state. He shall take carey.
SECTION 20. Auditor general,-
that the leslature by a mithfullority vote
co the memmission rs officers of the state
and counties, and traepenensact auditorll neces-
enery business with thcer officers ofu
Saccountmeant lie mayns o racce in
isor administer antive statve county oer
qualifictiofficens as reponrescrbectby
law. The auditor general shall serve
at the pleasure dutihe legislature.
ARTICLE IV
EXECUTIlVE
SECTION 1. Governor.- initiate
(a) The supreme executive power
shall be vestedain a governor. He
shall be commander-in-chief of all
military forces of the state not In ac-
tive service of the United States. He
shall offbe the chief lr tow enforcement pliance











wt a st n
ficer the sate. He shall take care
that the laws be faithfully executed,
commission all officers of the state
and counties, and transact all neces-
sary business with the officers of
government, He may require infor-
mation In writing from all executive
or administrative state, county or
municipal officers upon any subject'
relating to the duties of their respec-
tive offices.
(b) The governor may initiate
Judicial proceedingsien the name of

icipal officer to enforce compliance
with any duty or restrain any
unauthorized act.
(c) The governor may request in
writing the opinion of the ust ices of
the supreme court as to the interpre-
tation of any portion of this constitu-
tion upon any question affecting his
executive powers and duties. The
justices shall, subject to their rules of
procedure, permit interested persons
to be heard on the questions present-
ed and shall render their written
opinion not earlier than ten days
from the filing and pocketing of the
request, unless in their judgment the
delay would cause public Inlury.
(d) The governor shall have power
to call out the militia to preserve the
public peace, execute the laws of the
state, suppress insurrection, or repel
invasion.
(e) The governor shall by message
at least once in each regular session
inform the legislature concerning the
condition of the. state, propose such
reorganization of the executive
department as will promote ef-
ficiency and economy, and recom-
mend measures in the public inter-
est.
(f) When not otherwise provided
for in this constitution, the governor
shall fill by appointment any vacancy
in state or county office for the
remainder of the term of an appoin-
tive office, and for the remainder of
the term of on elective office if less
than twenty-eight months, otherwise
until the first Tuesday after the first
Monday following the next general
election.
SECTION 2 Lieutenant gover-
nor.-There shall be a lieutenant
governor. He shall perform such du-
ties pertaining to the office of gover-
nor as shall be assigned to him by
the governor, except when otherwise
provided by low, and such other du-
ties as may be prescribed by law.
SECTION 7. Suspensions; filling of-
fice during suspensions.-
(a) By executive order stating the
grounds and filed with the secretary
of state, the governor may suspend
from. office any state officer not sub-
Ject to impeachment, any officer of
the militia not in the active service of
the United States, or any -eouR-y of-
ficer, of a school district or a special
district authorizedl5--awfI TO Iev -y a
valorem taxes or any municipal or
county officer holding an elective of-
fice for malfeasance, misfeasance,
neglect of duty, drunkenness. Incom-
petence, permanent inability to per-
form his official duties, or commis-
sion ofa o felony, and may fill the of-
fice by appointment for the period of
suspensions The suspended officer
may at any time before removal be
reinstated by the governor.
(b) The senate may, in proceed-
ings prescribed by law, remove from
office or reinstate the suspended of-
ficial and for such purpose the senate
may be convened in special session
by its president or by a majority of
its membership.
c) Any state officer subject to im-
eachment If indicted or informed
against r a felony may disualiy
himself t from performing any official
duties until acquitted or until the in-
dictment or information is dismissed,
by tiling an Irrevocable notice of dis-
state. he lieutenant governor and
any statewide elected constitutional
officer, if indicted for a felony, may
e sualitied by the governor by
the ti ling of an executive order from
performing any official duties until
acquitted or until the indictment is
dismissed. The governor may. by ap-
pointment, fill the office during the
period of any disuaelecotion. If the
governor disqualifies himself, the
eutenant governor shall act as
governor during the period t of dis-
qu-io-ication. By-or-de-ef-the-ghYer-
nlee-ow-eleted--munl.itol-of-flefe-in-
fr-em---feiee-u W-oea-leld-ande-the--ef-
fic-4lled-bv-appolnemont- -or-4he-g�er-
io-ef-e-susPenslon,--ne4 ---4e---eten-
beyend---the---4efmb-u-less-- -these
iowefs-or-e--veste4-etsewhere-e-by--lonw
on-4he- roiet ipog-ehnefer- o
SECTION 8. Clemency-
--onditionleeases-o-reosons thegover-
nte-mny-eno-reprieves-qalfica--d-
tionmeto-e -oshe--rectiona--sndterms,
the-xeeissa*xe-eo aeningofmemt--offer-
the-coovmmison--i4-whleh--eesion--the-

ten slb-shol---be-ex-e-eee.c
f-sh obJis There may be created by
law a parole and- pr feiion commis-
sion wcth *owed- -o- supervise -persons
oin-ptobedtiy--otd to grant paroles or
condiional releases to persons under
sentences far crime. The qualifica-
tions, method of selection and terms.
not to exceed six years. of members
of the commission and commission
procedures shall be prescrTbewd by

SECTION 9. Game and fresh waler
fish commission-There shall be a
game and fresh water fish commis-
sion, composed of five members ap-


missiorn stall exercise the regulatory
and executive powers of the state
with respect to wild animal life and
all license fees far taking wild animal

the commission shall be prescribed
by specific statute. The legislature
may enact laws in aid of the commis-



ment, and purchasing shall be as




water aquatic life.


SECTION 11. Department of
health.-There shall be a department
of health head of which shall bp
S sicn with training public
health who is appointedby te gover-
norand conirme the senate. he
department shall nave supervision of
matters pertaining to the protection
and promotion of the health ato the
peoRe of IlIorida as prescribed by

Schedule to Article IV Section 11 -
rhis section shall take effect FsJk f
1, 1979.
ARTICLE V
JUDICIARY
SECTION 1. Courts.-The judicial
power shall be vested In a supreme
court, district courts of appeal, cir-
cuit courts and county courts. No
other courts may be established by
the state, any political subdivision or
any municipality. The legislature
shall, by general low, divide the state
into appellate court districts and
judicial circuits following county
lines. Commissions established by
law, or administrative officers or


bodies may be granted quosl-ludiclal
power in matters connected with the
functions of their offices. Acll dicn l
earnings and records and





the ma
proc eedings and records uc

ences except gr an r




tic e and procedn anure.-d oe e
SThe . Whsupreme court shall adopt
rulerpos for the practice and procedure



rein al courdsrtrom this section.
twice and Procedure.-
(a) The surele court shall adopt
rules for the Practice and Procedure
seeking appellate review, the admin-
istrative supervision of all courts, the
transfer to the court having lurisdic-
tion of any proceeding when the lur-
isdiction of another court has been
improvidently invoked, and a re-
quirement that no cause shall be dis-
missed because on improper remedy
has been sought. These rules may be
repealed by general low enacted by
two-thirds vote of the membership of
each house of the legislature.
(b) The chief justice of the su-
preme court shall be chosen by .a
majority of the members of the
court. He she shall be the chief adminis-
trative officer of the judicial system.
He shall have the power to assign
Justices or judges, including consent-
ing retired Justices or judges, to tem-
porary duty in any court for which
the Judge Is qualified and to delegate
to a chief Judge of a judicial circuit
the power to assign Iudges for duty
in his respective circuit. The budget
for the judicial branch shaorbesub-
mTed directly to the legislature as
(c) A chief Judge for each district
court of appeal shall be chosen by a
majority of the Judges thereof or, if
there is no majority, by the chief lus-
tice. The chief judge shall be respon-
sible for the administrative supervi-
sion of the court.
(d) A chief judge in each circuit
shall be chosen from among the cir-
cuit judges as provided by supreme
court rule. The chief Iudge shall be
responsible for the administrative
supervision of the circuit courts and
county courts In his circuit.
SECTION 3. Supreme court.-
(a) ORGANIZATION.-The su-
preme court shall consist of seven
justices. O4-the--seven-isusfeies,-eech
ogpeiote-.4str-40--5ho* -h-ave--e+-4e9st-
eote-4ustic-e-etedc-ef-oppe4ante'-fifef-
the -dtict-eto-the-suvreme-oewflt- oe
ie- fesidefte4- ie-distic--et-t he -tlme
Bf-.h*<--orainf..eiepnmcn -or--elee-
teon, Five Justices shall constitute a
quorum. The concurrence of four
justices shall be necessary to a deci-
sion. Wh en- .reeuseas-fof-causee -wotd
prehibt-4-t-te-ewr4---f�-.9-fem--connlg
beeouse--o--the--r-equiremnts--of-this-
se at ia l - - es- a-sel ed -te - o-n e or
Pefeory-duty --m-y-be--sbsN4id--for-
justlEes.-
(b) JURISDICTION.-The su-
preme court:
(i) Shall hear appeals from final
judgments of trial - courts imposing
the death penalty and, upon ppica-
tion of the defendant; sha hear op-

could have been imposed, If an ap
peal from a conviction in which a it
sentence was imposed results in re-
trial. the ife sentence shall be th
maximum penalty imposed on re-
trial. The supreme court shall also
hear appeals, trom orders of trial
courts and decisions of district courts
of appeal initially and directly pass-
ing on the validity of a state statute
or a federal statute or treaty, or con-
struing a provision of the state or
federal constitution.
(2) When provided by general law,
shall hear appeals from final judg-
ments and orders of trial courts im-
posing life imprisonment or final
Judgments entered In proceedings for
the validation of bonds or certificates
of indebtedness.
(4) May issue writs of prohibition
to courts and commissions in causes
within the Jurisdiction of the supreme
court to review, and all writs neces-
sary to the complete exercise of its
jurisdiction.
(5) May issue writs of mandamus
and quo warronto to state officers
and state agencies.
(6) May, or any justice may, issue
writs of habeas corpus returnable
before the supreme court or any jus-
tice. a district court of appeal or any
Judge thereof, or any circuit judge.
(7) Shall have the power of direct
review of administrative action pre-
scribed by general law.
(c) CLERK AND MARSHAL-The
supreme court shall appoint a clerk
and a marshal who shall hold office
during the pleasure of the court and
perform such duties as the court di-
rects. Their compensation shall be
fixed by general law. The marshal
shall have the power to execute the
process of the court throughout the
state, and in any county may depu-
tize tne .heril or a deputy'sherif tar
such purpose.
Schedule to Article V. Section
(II which allows a efendanlt upo
application to apeal to the supreme
court in cases where the deathpenaf-
t cod hve beenIm se shall
only oppy to Those cases where te
final Iudgments are entered on or
after January 1, 1979.
SECTION 4. District courts of ap-
peal.-
(a) ORGANIZATION.-There shall
be a district court of appeal serving
each appellate district. Each district
court of appeal shall consist of at
least three Judges. Three judges
shall consider each case and the con-
currence of two shall be necessary to
a decision.
(b) JURISDICTION.-
(1) District courts of appeal shall
have jurisdiction to hear appeals,
that may be taken as a matter of
right, from final Judgments or orders
of trial courts, including those en-
tered on review of administrative ac-
tion, not directly appealable to the
supreme court or a circuit court.
They may review interlocutory
orders in such cases to the extent
provided by rules adopted by the su-
preme court.
(2) District courts of appeal shall
have the power of. direct review of
administrative action, as prescribed
by general law.
(3) A district court of appeal or
any Judge thereof may issue writs of
habeas corpus returnable before the
court or any judge thereof or before
any circuit Judge within the territor-
ial jurisdiction of the court. A district
court of appeal may issue writs of
mandamus, certiorari, prohibition,
quo worranto, and other writs neces-
sary to the complete exercise of its
jurisdiction. To the extent necessary
to dispose of all issues in a cause
properly before it, a district court of
appeal may exercise any of the ap-
pellate jurisdiction of the circuit
courts.
(c) CLERKS AND MARSHALS.-
Each district court of appeal shall
appoint a clerk and o marshal who
shall hold office during the pleasure
of the court and perform such duties
as the court directs. Their compensa-
tion shall be fixed by general low.
The marshal shall hov- the power to
execute the process Of the court
throughout the territorial jurisdiction
of the court, and in any county may
deputize the sheriff or a deputy sher-
iff for such purpose.
SECTION 5. Circuit courts.-
(a) ORGANIZATION.-There shall
be a circuit court serving each
judicial circuit.
(b) JURISDICTION.-The circuit
courts shall have original Jurisdiction
not vested in the county courts, and
jurisdiction of appeals when provided
by general law. They- shall have the
power to issue writs of mandamus,
quo warrant, certiorari, prohibition
and habeas corpus, and all writs
necessary or proper to the complete
exercise of their jurisdiction. Juris-
diction of the circuit court shall be
uniform throughout the state. They
shall have the power of direct review
of administrative action prescribed
by general law.
SECTION 6. County courts.-
(a) ORGANIZATION.-There shall
be a county court in each county.
There shall be one or more Judges
for each county court as prescribed
by general low.
(b) JURISDICTION.-The county
courts shall exercise the jurisdiction
prescribed by general low. Such jur-
isdiction shall be uniform throughout
the state.
SECTION 7. Specialized divi,
sions.- All courts except the su-
preme court may sit in divisions as


may be established by supreme
court rule gener-et-4ow A circuit or
counviy court may hold civil and
cr" ninal trials and hearings in any
place within the territorial iurisdic-
tion of the court as designated by the
chief iudge of the circuit.

SECTION 8. Eligibliity.-No person
shall be eligible for the office of jus-
tice or iudge of any court unless he is
on elector of the state and resides in
the territorial jurisdiction of the re-
spective iss court. The .egislgE.-e
may prescribe a retlremaen-o ge of
not lesTh- seventy years of age for
Justices and judges. No-ustice--or
I ude--se--serve-4 eF- otolnlna.-4he
dee---e--svet+y- Yeees.-.-exeep#--upefl
lempefofv- --essignment--er.f-4.e--.em--
pilae-o-4emH,-ee.-h�e.i-a-whtcHt-He-hos
served, No person is eligible for the
office of justice of the supreme court
or judge of o district court of appeal
unless he is, and has been for the
preceding ten years, a member of
the bar of Florida. No person is
eligible for the office of circuit Iudge
unless he is, and has been for the
preceding five years, a member of
the bar of Florida. Untess-elherwie
prov ied--.y--geneoe .-lew,--o-. oeunt


eea.-udge .et-be.-.-memB-ef-e4-he
bew--e-FLIe-r4de-.- NoPerson is eligible
for the office ofcouny courf-Tuge
unless he is a member of the bar of

Schedule to Article V., Section 8.-
(an Until cngus-
ie or Iudge shll serve tr atn-
S the age seven ears except
upon temporary assignment or To
complete a term, one half of which he

ce on con nuous.




SECTION 9. Determination of
number of iudges.-The supreme
court shall establish by rule uniform
criteria for the determination of the
need for additional judges except su-
preme court justices, the necessity
for decreasing the number of judges ,
and for increasing, decreasing or
redefining appellate districts and
judicial circuits. If the supreme court
finds that a need exists for increas-
ing or decreasing the number of
judges or increasing, decreasing or
redefining appellate districts and
judicial circuits, it shall, prior to the
next regular session of the legisla-
ture, certify to the legislature its find-
ings and recommendations concern-
ing such need. Upon receipt of such
certificate, the legislature, at the
next regular session, shall con-
sider the findings and recommendo- *
lions and may reject the recommen-
dations or by law implement the
recommendations in whole or in
port; provided the legislature may
create more judicial offices than ore
recommended by the supreme court
or may decrease the number of
judicial officers by a greater number
than recommended by the court only
upon a finding of two-thirds of the
membership of both houses of the
legislature, that such a need exists. A
decrease in the number of judges
shall be effective only after the expir-
ation of a term. If the supreme court
fails to make findings as provided
above when need exists, the legisla-
ture may by concurrent resolution
request the court to certify its find-
ings and recommendations and upon
the failure of the court to certify Its
findings for nine consecutive months,
the legislature may, upon a finding of
two-thirds of the membership of both
houses of the legislature that a need
exists, increase or decrease the
number of judges or increase, de-
crease or redefine appellate districts
and judicial circuits.
SECTION 11. Vacancies.-
4d-i c)_ There shall be a-separate
judiciTal nominating commission as
provided by general law for the su-
preme court, each district court of
appeal, and each judicial circuit for
oiall trial courts within the circuit.
Uniform rules of procedure for the
judicial nominating commissions
shall be prescribed by the supreme
court. All proceedings and records of
the udicial nomining commissions
thall be opetin and accessible to the
public. The supreme course may o
ul exempt portions of the proce d-
ings nd records from ths is on
when it is essential t accm s
ovrrding governmental purposes or
to protect privacy interests.

SECTION 12. Discipline; removal
and retirement.-
(a) There shall be a judicial
qualifications commission vested
with jurisdiction to investigate and
recommend to the Supreme Court of
Florida the removal from office of
any a justice or iudge whose conduct,
during term of office or otherwise oc-
curring on or afterNovember 1. 1966,
(without regard to the effective date
of this section) demonstrates a pres-
ent unfitness to hold office, and to in-
vestigate and recommend the rep-
rimnqd of a justice or judge whose
conduct, during term of ha office or oth-
erwise occurring on or after
November 1, 1966 (without regard to
the effective dote of this section),it
warrants such a reprimand. The
commission shall be composed of:
(1) Two judges of district courts of
appeal selected by the judges of
those courts, tw o circuit judges
selected by the Iudges of the circuit
courts and two judges of county
courts selected by the judges of those
courts;
(2) Two electors who reside in the
state, who are members of the bar of
Florida, and who shall be chosen by
the governing body of the bar of
Florida; and
(3) Five electors who reside in the
state, who hove never held judicial
office or been members of the bar of
Florida, and who shall be appointed
by the governor.
(b) The members of the judicial
qualifications commission shall serve
staggered terms, not to exceed six
years, as prescribed by general law.
No member appointed by the govern-
ing body of the bar of Florida shall
be eligible to serve consecutive
terms. No member of the commis-
sion except a justice or judge shall
be eligible for state judicial office so
long as he is a member of the com-
mission and for a period of two years
thereafter. No member of. the com-
mission shall hold office in a political
party or participate in any campaign
for judicial office or hold ,public of-
fice; provided that a judge may par-
ticipote in his own campaign for
judicial office and hold that office.
The commission shall elect one of its
members as its chairman.
(c) Members of the judicial
qualifications commission not subject
to impeachment shall be subject to
removal from the commission pur-
suant to the provisions of Article IV,
Section 7, Florida Constitution.
(d) The commission shall adopt
rules regulating its proceedings, the
filling of vacancies by the appointing
authorities, the disqualification of
members, and the temporary re-
placement of disqualified or in-
capacitated members. The commis-
sion's rules, or any part thereof, may
be repealed by general law enacted
by a majority vote of the member-
ship of each house of the legislature.
or by the supreme court, five justices
concurring. Until formal charges.
against a justice or judge are filed by
the commission with the clerk of the
supreme court of Florida all
proceedings by or before the com-
mission shall be confidential; provid-
ed, however, upon a finding of proba-
ble cause and the filing by the com-
mission with said clerk of such for-
mal charges against a justice or
iudge such charges and all further
proceedings before the commission
shall be public. The commission may
with seven members concurring
recommend to the supreme court the,
temporary suspension of any justice
or judge against whom formal
charges are pending.
(e) The commission shall have
access to all information from all
executive, legislative and judicial
agencies, including grand juries,
subject to the rules of'the commis-
sion. At any time, on request of the
speaker of the house of representa-
tives or the governor, the commis-
sion shall make available all infor-
mation in the possession of the com-
mission for use in consideration of
impeachment or suspension, respec-
tively.
(I) Upon recommendation of two-
thirds of the members of the Judicial
qualifications commission, the su-
preme court may order that the ius-
tice or fudge be disciplined by appro-
priate reprimand, or be removed
from office with termination of com-
pensation for willful or persistent
failure to perform his duties or for
other conduct unbecoming a member
of the judiciary demonstrating o
present unfitness to hold office, or be
involuntarily retired for any perma-
nent disability that seriously inter-
feres with the performance of his du-
ties. Molofides, scienter or moral tur-
pitude on the port of a justice or
Judge shall not be required for
removal from office of a justice or
iudge whose conduct demonstrates a
present unfitness to hold office. After
the filing of a formal proceeding and
upon request of the commission, the
supreme court may suspend the Jus-
tice or Judge from office, with or
without compensation, pending final
determination of the inquiry.
(g) The power uf removal con-
ferred by this section shall be both
alternative and cumulative to the
power of impeachment end--le-the
ogt--remove4 -by-the-.senOte,
(h) Notwithstanding any of the
foregoing provisions of this section, if
the person who is the subject of
proceedings by the judicial qualifica-
tions commission is a justice of the


supreme court of Floridall justices
of such court automatically shall be
disqualified to sit as justices of such
court with respect to oall proceedings
therein concerning such person and
the supreme court for such purposes
shall be composed of a panel consist-
ing of the seven chief judges of the
judicial circuits of the state of Flor-
ida most senior in tenure of judicial
office as circuit judge. For purposes
of determining seniority of such cir-
cuit Iudges in the event there be
judges of equal tenure in judicial of-
fice as circuit judge the fudge or
judges from the lower numbered cir-
cuit or circuits shall be deemed sen-
ior. In the event any such chief cir-
cuit judge Is under investigationn by
the judicial qualifications commis-
sion or is otherwise disqualified or
unable to serve on the panel, the next
most senior chief circuit judge or
judges shall serve in place of such
disqualified or disabled chief circuit
judge,
-<- se---H A-E-,T-O-4-seGT- 2-W.4a
-<-T--The-tiese-of-office-gf-the-p-ePes-
en4.-mFemFber--of-the4ud4e4o4-qufkiee..-
i ons---emmlenseion---eshal4--e opfe--e-w
-Jower-w--h--49W--ond--new--membefs-
s9eN--be-oepieled--to--ser-ve--the-4el-
feowing--stoggeeed-4eems.-


...-o--Gr&p-(--hTe-r-ms-tf
member-s,---eeaosed --wf-eWe-e4efs-
as-Set-forth- .in - --- o) )3 -e --A eticff
V, ee-e m obe.-of-4te-e--a-Felr-ldo-
Vy-.one-4ge- fr.-e--the--te.ice-c--ee-ts-
gf-opwegl-ond-eee--sreuit-iudge--ee-sef-
for4h4-e4 -l- )-(+4.)-of-Af44ete-V,-shoe-
eXti-ee-Bec-Deeemfber--3-1-1-I6-
--b-G+auw--4� ---T-he---terms---e+f--ur-
mec eemp d -ef-e one-eIee4e-os-
eore-- mbef--e.t he-be.f-f--4.eide-os-
se--eotH-- -lsudie- a-nd- -ene--Aeou.ll-

Artiele---shell--et-*lfe-en---e-n- t-
....O..Gre--+.-4.he.-teflem9t--fOf -
mrnembor-s-eemosed--e--two-eeete-s-
V-eee-4ode- -he-dilsa r*i+-esws.-
of.upieol -ond4-ee-oenUW-4 sdge es-oet-
for4B-4-l-s-f1+---(+-1--A-tic-le-Vr-SheMG-
es)irde-on.-Beee sbeA- s,-4st Wf.-
.n..e.The-W4 -a. heliemecnt-4e-sec-tiefl
speie4e..--c4ee4ieo-,- shi"o4---tke--e+fee
uetn--o-Fo -ei-b,,--4te---eieetOrO--*
F4orM4d*-
SECTION 13. Prohibited activi-
Sties.- All justices and judges shall
devote full time to their judicial du-
ties. They shall not engage in the
practice of law or hold office in any
political party.
SSECTION 14. Judicial salaries.-AllI
Justices and Judges shall be compen-
sated only by state salaries fixed by
general law. The judiciary shall have
no power to fix appropriations.

SECTION 15. Attorneys; admission
'and discipline.-The supreme court
shall have exclusive jurisdiction to
regulate the admission of persons to
the practice of .law and the discipline
of persons admitted.

SECTION 16. Clerks of the circuit
courts.-There shall be in each coun-
ty d clerk of the circuit court who
shall be selected pursuant to the
provisions of Article VIII section 1.
thel-erensdt4iesir+ The duties of the
clerk of the circuit court may be
divided by special or general law
between two officers, one serving as
clerk of court and recorder and one
serving as ex officio cleric of the
board of county commissioners,
auditor, reeerder, and custodian of
all county funds. There may be a
clerk of the county court if author-
ized by general or special law.
Schedule to Article V. Section 16-
he revision to this section shall not
invalidate any plan for the division of
the clerk's duties which was adopted
prior to the effective date of the
revised constitution.

SECTION 17--Stete District attor-
neys.-In each iudiciol circuTf o--ste4le
district attorney shall be elected for
a term of four years. He shall be the
prosecuting officer of all trial courts
in that circuit and shall perform
other duties prescribed by general
law; provided, however, when auth-
orized by general low, the violations
of all municipal ordinances may be
prosecuted by municipal prosecu-
tors. A-se#oe d-itrict attorney shall be
on, elector of the state and reside in
the territorial jurisdiction of the cir-
cuit. He shall be and have been a
member of the bar of Florida for the
preceding five years. He shall devote
full time to his:duties, and he shall
not engage in the private practice of
law. -4-e1 District attorneys shall ap-
point such assisTant--stoe district at-
torneys as may be authorized-by-Taw.
SECTION 18. Public defenders.-In
each judicial circuit a public
defender shall be elected for a term
of four years. He shall perform du-
ties prescribed by general law. A
public defender shall be an elector-ot
the state and reside in the territorial
jurisdiction of the circuit. He shall be
and have been a member of the bar
of Florida for the preceding five
years. Public defenders shall appoint
such assistant public defenders as
may be authorized by law.
SECTION 19. Judicial officers as
conservators of the peace.-All
judicial officers in this state shall be
conservators of the peace.
SEC-TION--20. Schedule to Article
V.-
---4e+--T4is5-or4e4e-osha-repleee-aoll o
Aflic4e-V-ef-e-e- seeistitutiee--of-488.-
es-emessded,--whieh--se-tie-the- -stend-
re seted-
Unless otherwise provided for in
this constitution each court of this
state shall have the jurisdiction im-
mediately theretofore exercised by
it, and it shall determine all proceed-
ings pending before it on the effective
date of this constitution.
-- 4--E eepl-to--the--ex)t-t ineeesiss-
tet.--with --tiie--erevisiens,-of --t sis-cgf4-
eler-e -ll oveior-of-4-w-Oed--rtles-e4-
eewt4-in-f ee-oe--t4e fieNve-dlete-
unt-suer-ededd-4i the-4-meAner--eett-
orFied-bY-4he-eens4tutieftw.--
--- fee4vet,-end-untilt- ehenged-bv-gener-el-
low--- m-nenss leFA---with,�h---sec-ions---1-
-- -4----T-he--suprmee-�eOu4-Sha--heve-
the---+w-isdet ieft- -immedloely--!he-e-
tefofe-eser-e4-- by-4,end-i4-shot -de--
lerrliie----e4--- peceedingse--- endatn-
befofe -it-en-4he-4eftie- d-te-eO -this-
I or4ll�e,
-Q4--The-oPPe~aee-det1r4els-seltW-be-
these-4-ri---e*4ste ee--o .h--4 -te-dae--.f
odee --e--4 s--ew-4i-le:--T-her-e--shel-1
be-o--distret--eour+-eof-9peei-in-eo i-
dtsict.r-q-ie-dist et-egels-of-epoeel-
ote+--twheetofore--,e*eeeised--by-4h-ie-
distfiet-eewts--e appeal n-ed--she4-d--

before--n-e-4the- effeCtive-4ete-e4L
thi.-ertNicle
--- ir-cu-it --eeur-ts-slo--heve- wes-
dki-liee ofeppeos-4fr-eemL tv-Ceewte
o0 --1-Bueipol--.eeur4s,--eeeept -4�see-
opPeoGIs-witCh-moVy-be-tokei- di-eet4I
to-tse--sueeremo--�eur>- e"n-t4eyV- Shall
have-- e*etesive--or4oint- -e-w4sdic-t4iet-
in-e.-eet-ien -e4-gew-ne -gneenizabte4Jy-
the--eowt4---oewtst---e4--preeeedings,
relof�n9--tea--te--selt�eftl--of--lhe-es-
tote--of- -ec-edents--end---milseer--the-
granting---e4---letters---testlemenory-.
gueFedianship-----nvettr-----hse.i-
lpieoien,- - 4ie-c--deteri-w-fie#on--iof ---i-
e@FfeP1efev-,--eed-- e-her---lr-idie#ien-
usualIY----peelaienng -----4----ee9..s---.4f-
ine-ogt-c-oses-relotine-to-uvenfles�i-e(

orsing--euti---of---he--some---e.crPm-
stNmep-es--o-a-f ,eIet -w4S --w s..-e4se
ehergea-?-.if-eH--�5esa-in�en',,HSi-iegalt-
y.-- -an.-l4x--esseesnrln--eFe- 4p�--ie-
the-eotioft-o--etieclmente-p-ettd-in-etj-
oC4ens-4,otrYng--4*e--littes-.or-..bott-
deaies-or-'-r494t0--ef- po4 segsleon-e4--ee4-
Pfepe'#ty,--te-e-Weu0~t.e4-molg-issue-
ini uncense---There--shoIl--be.- -udikal-
oleou+te--whias-- shoa--be-4-lle--iut4-ei-
Oet54ts-�l--e*i5isenae--op--t4e--dote-.e4.
odeleVon--o--4 S --.etile-.--The.-.i-e4.
ltude----o--o--eseu.--.mey-. -wlree-e
eeugtv--eaxt.---lvdge--to.-ordte.'-.emer-
geney-.-.-ossilooleot.on-.-gvs --�e
the-plbsenoe-4-on- - 4e--oo--et--4(--tt--
�fc-4tC- -iudei-e-etsd--4*se--ooee v--Court

intunco-ne--neeesseo4.--r---efepe--4e
the-g omeee--exsrease--o4-such--it.Is-


misdemeeoor-.. es.-- ne---aoenl-eoble-
by-the.eoufi-oepefS,--e4--e--vle4eoins-

motlter--t--eoatnovees,'--doe5--no4--ex--
oeed--lhe-eum--o-..twe--torson4-4.vo-
hunhd-- doeot'^s- ..500-.00.. CeC|eUs*lve-
o-4-interest--o-d--.ao5ls,-- es"eet---the-
lthe-er ,4--e.0lesv.-Judgee-e<-o-ean4y-
oevr-#s--shoal--be--eommn ttln---moets-
iur-iesdlten--naw---eer-45ea--b-, -- -the-
vested-ifn- the-.ireu.t-iefl-by-wibsee-
lto--e(e-- .--hefee4,-4hte--tWe-sdietwio.
- the--aoms--eer t-the--sfmoM--eiaims.

the - - eee -es-tes---nieotsi--e-.r-tu s-
on--ee�fts-oe- efter-e�-- ountiee,-4n.-
referee eto In-Artie~ VI4-t S-et-lon59.
+,--i-a-on4-- 04--i--tte--C-enotitutloef-e4.

m lseson-h-fe-.omneoied-ol-. .O.I-
lowiwgi-
--o,---Thwee---mensbere--.eogpoed--v-
the-.eor--e.+-Gevernors-of-.-he-.F4or-
id-Bo r-�rom-omor9--The-FloeiOe-Bor.
in--the--proetiee--ef--low--wtli--eles.


the4ec-te#e4otw4-,6isleiWct-e-c-�4f�w--
---b .. roe-eleaefswhe-re5ie-H-i-4.he-
teritaofol-i.fisdcliotoo.ef-the.ou.t-or.
efeui--oppoelied--by--4he--overnoer-
aon
---eC-:F-ree-elea4r-s--whe-reside-4n-4he-
terfWtofio4-4tiisdietio -.O-.the-.eout-or-
leie AS-end-whe-ore-set--.ember -s.4
the-bor-of--Ftooido,.-seleted-endl-.-
pte>ed"--b,--o--fiear---yve4e-..e(--the-
sien
---< 6--Ne-l-sifee-ff-e.flue-,tett-bce-9.
member----e4--iudieie-r-nomieeing
eemmis9sieon , ;memnbe -ef--e.udicel-e
nominea4ng---e.mmis-ion --mo--held-
ui-f-o e-slher-Wpmen di0e--ef-
flee.--No-fembee-sheal.-be-seiligble-for.
oweelnnse nt-o-stle.e-4ixleiet .e4�1eas-
lOPnf-es- 4e-.s- oe--4u ..-e-udiesl9.
nomiSinA ---emmiessop-ed-----..e-
peFloed-e+-twe-- eewe-.t-heAeele--A4
eals-of -o-udieiek-omineNMgeommis-
sion--sh�H--be--mode--wlth-o-c-neur-
renGe(f-.e.�4-tiy.o* .&t-t.member&.
-0 ---Te--members.--e-e.-a-l-udlete-
nemflnoting --eommission---shol--eeeve-
for-o-4efm-o4.-four--veoe-eMeept-t4he-
terme-4-4efte--lniW--membeFor-of-4he-
ud leef-----n- notlne4n-- -emmsiosto
she4-eopWre-es floewse.
--oa-The-ter�ns---of -one-memebor--.
eelegor-v----br-end--e--in-subseetlo-

(Continued on Next Page)


I





Ite'Tmp-ie-P en -
. b. bseeten-






. w


'> , 1- -, h r....:f. .-. e- ; n I -it
g Iy- erk-ff-th d) ir on J *










.es m --f--elo at .r,
t.e-spl.e.e o l k l
I.. t7 -mmf-A t. JA'PJ?" " *i i












.-,de-e.er-me I*.t thedi-- -. e-












-be e-oftheaber-of-Floidek.--
s ell- trll:4) t:: =::':-I . :hi:f CO :

ee:. t uem - If t





. . ..t.. fit i - . .-iT:. �: ..�











t ... . ed olee4�e-efficer a -po-
am e4e4 41e el y




lI. ,- .. " d: -J. : =;.4' .... -..














th e-s- - .
.-eer
el-Neeta Pr de - e#hci





'-Z. be-- ofd4& :h , :ellew : se ll-











reoerdi-the ----ny t .- a Me rtcord o.




fihe OWf::f 0- ro 1 - e4 Browgr*


tlon 1n tH-a at 100,000 accoding to
tfve -date:t ofi := r:l.'1:, thor=-shell-be


-se -nneme- a e e
num' eof ee-e --- r-fin4tl

'e -,eting od c:.:,t: ;. tis: ub:::s
--4eo-n-e-eteer ine e-a-ttt4
-h-eo1 s- Jtw0'!0.- ;erdine..

dete-�f-the-edopo--eft--thi- icl,
there-shH-be- -me number o
udges--e-4he-*county cirt" -4.heFe-

no 142e--Fis4tle.
.-<4- eM-- cei- hae ofienue-
wr t-4hetr--seme-- wisleidf--unW-
. e--e eI -nofe4-io- ~-sletr.


de--oI---munIcel-- --eur4s --O-e
preveit-ld--obelthed--shet- -eose-- 4
e ei*--uded---ueWet-sues--i-eeits
shell rem *a-ni office
to-feepOeftmeent r rFeelefetie i-the-
mgeter-pr-eseeibe4-by-tow until said
� . crls-are-terwds-- uFedent--te
Upenst mncilctsbeingce-mSn--e
oted.f-e~leld-in-eeer-dn-ee-wh-
ethe-ir s of eio isene o- 4he-
iudges-4hereof-whs o- et'membes-
of-the-brI-of- eridu, ho4 be eligie-
to-seek-- elections iudhe of eon-ty
sourt Of tr res- tive cuntie o.


Ic3--acncesitl4--iJdgo es- etblhed
puewecm$on A lcle-de"44-seriedft-4
n--f4-- the f Coens4HutB-of--48-
shoU-set v,-oedge--o4-4he-egua#y-
eewt-4h--e--femoinder- of-the-terrm-
to--whzeh--tey-W-were--elec-ed-.-- nless-
erefeotod pur-uentto ol9,--9 of this,
Af ik4e---suc-ti4ud4eo-efico lln-t-
, 6-ex st4-f1'eef te,-
---(6)--B-Moreh-I. 1972, he t ureme
eew4,-ehel-eftify-4e-i -eed-for--e ddl
ee--e t.-emid county .udgm4-The-
legelgture- the4-2 egulor--sessn-
moy-bv-generl o ree dditlenel
fiee 94-4u-4dge-4the Oerms of ewheh-
sht--beg-on the effee ve-dote-ei-

,she-5 t e-leec"--tte -somet4me-e-

--(7+)e Cunty udgs of mxisino--eaff-
-fYv-4Iudees-ee-ts-a n-lustkees-ef-the-
ore--ne -.member9e-*en--S---Fleelde-
eseH- .be-eligble- e soek electionos,
: eont, -eer- -edgos-ol-their-eosoe
Nve--eetntles.
--d--Nge'-d-e-oe--e-eU4-obe4she4
by-4his A-Icele-9h4--beeome--er---be-
eltgble 4`Beesme-`---tude-of-4he-r-
e4.--eo4--#r.nles--4e- .has.--been--e
Member -o.-boe.4r-9 efJdao-fer.-4he
-e-Teieil-effk*ef-4ud�es-eicihe-



e--eo!t d ot-ele-tfoes,--4er--1e
.e > e , - Q44 ....e,-# ,& -e -
anfe-prooecutin atorn she stand



abolished, anda--tt--.:t -e-re-
aend PFeee ughl




sh fle- upFn, thMe -eeie--fe date -o






e;lt-de;- ri o .ll be ic-le- nd ser-o
-n In w Ic..h th:ir: n.Nrn-e-he-







ShoB-ftio-Ree~eh:ile-mf:dtive-de.
b#e* #he#--efeti-ed- doteo Ik-.



















-tel-.-A" .. k 't:l: d
,'11) i All fu'le5of the suemene'
. . 6" " o.-f lha- iti o ie:.-fef-
I -n .the effet ive dt. t -eI- this lrtce-
sho-'ll reeMA-.heir- ofles ifo. -4t: -










,,-.M ', TI-;,., eI o - .t.' u i.- flee.
loons e'.mmisslen 2in o fie upon Mhe
tain thei o......ffie fr .. r tm dr
(2) Nolus.eee of ludge holding oi
flee Immediately aftew-. t1i1 Aicle
































/" 11EBSUFFRAGE AND ELECTIONS
I SECTION 1. Regulaton of elec-

S ons.- All elections by thle people

beshall be by direct and ssubecret vote at-

Splacens accessible to the public. Gen-


ra elections shall be determined by


a plurality of votes cast. Registration
Sand elections shall, and political par-
ty functions may, be regulated by
low.
SECTION 2. Electors. Every--t-








rmtsiree nt l : rovhe bni tidw rlhal





scribe the following: "I do solemnly
swear hor affirm) that I will protect
and defend the Constitution of the
the Stat ae lorida, and that am
qualified to register as an elector


SECTION 4. suaiOath-Each eions.-blNo
citizen upon registering shall sub-
*scribe, the following: 1 1 do solemnly




sear (or afficerm) that will protect
United Stacote n ths o any other station
to be mente of Florida, and that I ambe
qualified to vo registe or ashold office untilector


SECTION 4. DisGenerualific and special.-No




electrsons.A general elcti on shall


November of each even-numbered
elective statudice and county officer
whose term will expire before to othe









and referenda shall be held as
din municipalities shar, and In other state









governmental entities created by sta-
tute may, be provided by law.


ARTICLE VIII
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
SECTION 1. CouGeneral and specials.










The state shall be divided by law into
political subdivisions called cones.
counties may beh created abolished first
orTuesday after the first M provisionday for
payment or apportionment of the
public derbt of each evennumbered
ear to) COUNTY FUNDS. The cre
elective state and county officersng










whose term wiy fuds shall be rovidored bythe
nteneral election and, except as lw.










rovided herein, to fill each vMENT Puracsuancyt to
In elective office, for the unexpired




















ortgeneraion o spe term. Special aw, a electionsty
and refgovernment may be shestablise hed by
provided by low.



















charter which shMunicipall be and distriedt
of the electns.-ors of the county d elections
speciunal election cshall, aned for thhe pur-
god) ernmental entity related by sta-
shall be mayelected by te electors of
SECTION 1. Ch county, for terms -four years,










and a clerk of -the circuit court; ex-
The state shall be din provided by couw nt
charter or special law approved by
vote icathe el subdiviectors of the county, any
ounties may be cre may be chosen in
chanother managed by lwerin thprovision field, or
any county office a bo abolished
paywhmen ol the duapportisonment of the
scribed by general law ore trans-
Public debt.




















county funds erwisshall e provided b county
mc) GOVfRNMENT. Pursuant to

















gncharteral or special law approved by
vote of. the electors, thmay be clerk of thed by
circuit court which shall beex officio clerk,
amended or repealed only upon vote
















of the electors of county unty commis- a
special election called forder and cus-



(d) COMMISSIONERS. Except
shall be elected by the electors of
a sheriff, a tax collector, a Property
appraiser, a supervisor of elections,
and a clerk of-the circuit court; ex-















when ot, wherwse provided by county
charter, th or special low approved by
county se of the electors of the county, any
commissionfficers composed of five
anotmembers smannerving staggering sped terms of








four years. Atter each decennial cen-
any county office may be coabolmmished

nearly equal in population areas pransc-
ticablferred to and thrr office. When not
vote ele lectors, th e clerk of there
circuit court shall beiex officno clerk








of the board of county commis-t
signers, auditor, recorder and cus-








todian of all count funds.or a cdum-
f the clerk of the circuit ncoute may
Ie divtict Provided in Article V_











(e) COMMISSIONNCHARTERS. GOVERN-xcept











whMENT. Countierwis ot operating by counde
county challrters sha ball have suchunty
commissier of nself-governmentd of as isve
providmembers serving steral ggeor special lawerms of
four Years. After each decennial cen-










The board of county commissioners










of districounty not operating undtory as
charter may enact, n popu mlation asner prae-
ances not inconsistent with general









or special loaw, but an ordinance in
conflict with oy-w municipalde orom distrinancets
wIhcipality to the emextent of such conflict.
biCounties opn thereoating under n county
which charters schartll have all powers ofiI' .


Thpe o distvernicting body of ar county oper-











ating under a charter may enact
providee which shall duprevail in then-
event of conflict ovbetween county and
municipal 0 ordinance thereafter, unless.

for sthervies renovidered by low.the countye-e-
besoicvel -for the benefit oSf the












property or residents in unincorpor-
MENT. Counties not operatin ge under
county ordinance shall be filed with
powthe secretary of sta-government as shall
fer as is provided by general or specal law.
Persons violating county ordinances a
shartll b e prosecuted and punised as
scprovided by general law.w, county ordin-
ances not Unconsistent with general coun-
ty there shallow, beu a county seat atin
which shall not be loeffective wid the principal
oices and perman extentof records of allct.
counties officers. ating underhe county seat may
local self-g movernmd exept nas provided bys-
general law. Bneral nch offr with special the
establish approved elsewherby vote oin the electors.unty
by resolution of the governing body of a county oper-
Sth county ordinances not inconsistentr pre-
scribed bynera law. No instrument shall
robe videemed recorded in the county
eventil filed a conflict between county accord-
muniSECTION 2. Municipalities.-es.
(h) ESTABLIXES; LIMITATION.i-

Propertycia law. When any municipality
is abolished, provision shall be msubect to taxationde
er the protection benefit of thers.
property or residrnmental, cs in uninororpor-ate and
proprietary powers to enable the mun-to

form municipal functions and re shall be filed wither
the municipal services, and may exer-shall
bcisome effany power for municipal pur-
aftposer s except as otherwise providedal lw.
b law.Persons violating coEach municipal legislative
body shall be roelecuted and punishedd as













(c) ANNEXATION. Municipal an-
nexation of unincorporated territory,
merger of municipalities, and exer-
cise of extra-territorial powers by
municipalities shall be as provided
by general or special law.

government of a county and the
cipalities located therein may he con-
solidated into a single government
powers at the county and the several


municipalities. The consolidation
plan may be proposed only by
special law, which shall become ef-
fective If approved by vote of the
electors of the county, or of the coun-
ty and municipalities affected, as
may be provided in the plan. Con-
solidation shall not extend the terri-
torial scope of taxation for the
payment of pre-existing debt except
to areas whose residents receive a
benefit from the facility or service
for which the indebtedness was in-
curred.
--&4CT-N--4.---TRfer --eof wer..
fly--4eo ---e ff--bv--p--eseufio ---e-4the
gevernIn--bo5 es oc---e- h of the
gever-nments--effeeted-- ony -fution-co
epowero-ef-�-e-eu -mukiPo4l y-or-
e eei*-'districe-kmy be to4i'eferfed-#e-
f-�ontfaet4e4--be--Berforekn -by-
onefer-----eewst.---mu4nici4lty.---or-
s5eelel---d4ist44te-,ef-- a9pr.v;l-y-
the sale of intoxication e iuors, wines
or beers shall be preserved to eache
of $he-4or f4er-ee--ers-otherwise
provided byl-4w.
SECTION 4-5. Local option.-Local
option on the legality or prohibition of
the sale of Intoxicating liquors, wines
or beers shall be preserved to each


county. The status. of a county with
respect thereto shall be changed only
by vote of the electors in a special
election called upon the petition of
twenty-five per cent of the electors of
the county, and not sooner than two
years after an earlier election on the
some question. Where legal, the sale
of intoxicating liquors, wines and
beers shall be regulated by law.
Schedule to Article VII I.-
(a) Th!: =rt='.= oholl r=plic= all of
Article. VIII �1 �h. Constiution oIf


S4 COUNTIES; COUNTY
SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DIS-
TRICTS. The status of the following
Items as they exist on the date of this
article becomes effective Is recog-
nized and shall be continued until
changed In accordance with law: the
counties of the state; their status
with respect to the legality of the sole
'of intoxicating liquors, wines and
beers; the method of selection of
county officers; the performance of
municipal functions by county of-
ficers; the county seats; and the
municipalities and special districts of
the state, their powers, Iurisdictlon
and government.
b_) e) OFFICERS TO CONTIN-
UE IN OFFICE. Every person hold-
ing office when this article becomes
effective shall continue in office for
the remainder of the term If that of-
fice is not abolished. If the office Is
abolished the incumbent shall be
paid adequate compensation, to be -
fixed by low, -for the loss of
emoluments for the remainder of the
term.
Jc) dW ORDINANCES. Local laws
relating only to unincorporated areas
of a county on the effective dote of

(dl CONSOLIDATION AND HOME

1968 constlitutions, as amended, and
charters or plans adopted ursuant
thereto and in effect on the dale at
a apion a is revision nclu n a
amendments theretor, shallremin en
ftul . force and ettect until the affected
county or municipality expressly
adopts a new charter or home rule
plan pursuant to this article.
-4 49.G9N60 10A*49ON AND HOME-
RcLitiEe-Af4krle-n-e l4a-6 ,onh M-1,t--
oen-l4,-efte- oe4n4tiofu1n4 a-e -osnd-
emeandetd r shall remain tIhen-14-4 on-
nnd ent-as toth 8ount -affeeoed,
ases -o o44e4msd-onol- been ed
edr-wthaonty osl ntexreSly
edet41-o-ohliser-Or-. heons n -be f
puroFNDI-4e-ths - tleev--A1llo Perl
ai ofn he Me .pltaneO.od Coun
ty C me-Re hARTeI heretfOFe OF

Tse6e 8L-T-C-O4The-G:ottut oI::Nf 1AS
s amended haee-o , hoe
ve TOd,-PrFvded4 Ot fTe VlI OF

undeI 1-AfHi.iee-Vil Sell n 1ol,
the-Go-istietul,, ;-e' S ='s .mended.
(e) (f+ DADE COUNTY; POWERS
CONFERRED UPON MUNICIPALI-
TIES. To the extent not Inconsistent
Switch the powers of existing muni-
cipalities or general law, athe Met-
ropolitan Government of Dade Coun-
ty may exercise all the powers con-
ferred now or hereafter by general
law upon municipalities. t
-E- DELET9ION OF OBSOEVETF
GHE9UE ITEMS. The4egislelte
Sholt havefptW..t.bV Ioin tF9. r0t10I0
seefien of this 6 ellon 6 . Itiff
thi e' tion, when ol e

euffed-E leglslatlve owerm oe


[Note -The following provisions
of he .onstitution of .185, as omend-
ed anD incorporated In the 1968 Con-
stitutfun, have not been changed or
revised by the 1977-78 Constitution
Revision Commission. To reduce

The text of these provisions con be
found In the 1968 Constitution.
SECTION 9 OF ARTICLE VIII OF
THE 1885 CONSTITUTION AS
AMENDED (Legislative power over
city of Jacksonville and Duval Coun-
ty). ,
SECTION 10 OF ARTICLE VIII OF
THE 1885 CONSTITUTION AS
AMENDED (Legislative power over
city of Key West and Monroe Coun-
- SECTION 11 OF ARTICLE VIII OF
THE 1885 CONSTITUTION AS
AMENDED (Dade County, home
rule charter).
SECTION 24 OF ARTICLE VIII OF
THE 1885 CONSTITUTION AS
AMENDED (Hillsborough County,
home rule charter).]

* ARTICLE X
MISCELLANEOUS
-..6E�-T-1G-h-Am.e=e-- A ent4 - o
U*nted-f C-oet cC t.r:itutio...- Ti-.: leg.
loture--shal-not t-ko acti:o "- o:y

poposeamendment -----t-- --

ret ent s been sub edo

SECTION 1-2. Militia.-
S(a). The" militia shall be composed
of all able bodied inhabitants of the
state who are or have declared their
intention to become citizens of the
United States; and no person
because of religious creed or opinion
shall be exempted from military duty
except upon conditions provided by
law.
(b) The organizing, equipping,
housing, maintaining and disciplining
of the militia, and the safekeeping of
public arms may be provided for by
law.
(c) The governor shall appoint all
commissioned officers of the militia,
including an adjutant general who
shall be chief of staff. The appoint-
ment of all general officers shall be
subject to confirmation by the sen-
ate.
(d) The qualifications of personnel
and officers of the federally recog-
nized national guard, including the
adlutont general, and the grounds.
and proceedings for their discipline
and removal shall conform to theo ap-
propriate United States army or air
force regulations and usages.
SECTION 2-3. Vacancy in of-
fice.-Vacancy in office shall occur
upon the creation of an office, upon
the death of the incumbent or his
removal from office, resignation,
succession to another office, unex-
plained absence for sixty consecutive
days, or faiollure to maintain the re-
sidence required when elected or ap-
pointed, and upon failure of one elect-
ed or appointed to office to qualify
within thirty days from the com-
mencement of the term.
SECTION 3-4. Homestead; forced
sale exemptions; restraints on devisge
and alienation.--
(a) There shall be exempt from
forced sale under process of any
court, and no Judgment, decree or
execution shall be a lien thereon, ex-
cept for the payment of taxes and as-
sessments thereon, obligations con-
tracted for the purchase, im-
provement or repair thereof, or ob-
ligations contracted for house, field
or other labor performed on the .real-
ty, the following property owned by
the'-heed-of-o-4e ony natuaL./per-
son:
-- A homestead, If-4ecooed outside
o-menc-iel-tY, to the extent of one
hundred sixty acres of contiguous
land and improvements thereon, the
acreoce of which is used for agricul
tural purposes; or whih -shell-not-be
r~dueed -u-thoe`-ownc-s.-onsent-
b,-n-esn -e.- subsequent--netusjen---.l-
mun$i54po i�Vi o homestead to the ex-
tent of one-heil- acre of contiguous
land, nd1 imnDrnvemnts therpen.
upon which the exemption shall be
limited to the residence of the owner
or his family.; A homestead as used
in this subsectiorn-Tncludes- a mobile
or modular home maintained as the
residence of the owner orenHis family;
(2) personal property to the value
of one three thousand dollars.
(b) Th"se exemptions shall inure
to the surviving spouse or heirs of
the owner.
(c) The homestead shall not be
subject to devise if the owner is sur-
vived by spouse or minor child, ex-
cept the homestead may be devised
to the owner's spouse if there be no
minor child. The owner of homestead
real estate, joined by "the spouse if
married, may alienate the home-


stead by mortgage, sole or gift and,
if married, may be deed transfer the
title to on estate by the entirety with
the spouse. If the owner or spouse is
incompetent, the method of alienation
or encumbrance shall be as provided
byvlow.

SECTION 4 -. Coverture and
property.-There shall be no distinc-
tion between married women and
married men in the holding, control,
disposition, or encumbering of their
property, both real and personal.
e-eept-h-v dower-ow-e- r4esymYb-
estotisheda-ond-feuouted-by-lkw.
SECTION 5 6-. Eminent domain.-
(o) No private property shall be
token except for a public purpose
and with full compensation therefore
paid to each owner or secured by .
deposit in the registry of the court
and available to the owner.
(b) Provision may be made by low
for the taking of easements, by like
proceedings, for the drainage of the
land of one person over or through
the land of another.
SECTION 6-7-. Lotteries.-Lotter-
ies, other thon the types of pari-mu-
tuel pools authorized by low as of the
effective dote of this constitution, are_
hereby prohibited in this state.


SECTION 7 --. Census.-
(a) Each decennial census of the
state taken by the United States shall
be an official census of the state.
(b) Each decennial census, for the
purpose of classifications based upon
population, shall become effective on
the thirtieth day after the final ad-
lournment of the regular session of
the legislature convened next after
certification of the census.
SECTION 8-9. Repeal of criminal
stotutes.-Repeal or amendment of a
criminal statute shall not affect pro-
secution or punishment for any
crime previously committed.
SECTION 9 -10. Felony; defini-
tion.-The term. "felony" as used
herein and In the laws of this state
shall mean any criminal Offense that
is punishable under the laws of this
state, or that would be punishable if
committed In this state, by death or
by imprisonment In the state peniten-
tiary.
SECTION 10 4- . Sovereignty
lands.-The n Title to lands under
navigable waters, within the bound-
aries of the state, which have not
been, alienated, including beaches
below mean high water lines, is held
.by the-state, by virtue of its sover-
eignty, in trust for all the people. Sale
of such lands may be authorized by
law, but only when in the public in-
terest. Private use of portions of such
lands may be authorized by low,. but
only when not contrary to the public
interest.
SECTION 11 42 Rules of construc-
tion.-Unless qualified In the text the
following rules of construction shall
apply to this constitution.
(a) "Herein" refers to the entire
constitution.
(b) The ,singular includes the
plural.
(c) The masculine includes the
feminine.
(d) "Vote of the electors!" means
the vote of the majority of those vat-
ing on the matter in an election, gen-
eral or special, in which those par-
ticipating are limited to the electors
of the governmental unit referred to
in the text.
I (e) Vote or other action of a legis-
lative house or other governmental
body means the vote or action of a
malority or other specified percen-
tage of those members voting on the
matter. "Of the membership" means
"of all members thereof."
(f)-The --teFnms*--'iudc4at- -efflce,":'
-;:st-ie e.'--eld-" dI---" shall ne-t ;
se4etfof-4Fhe-4fkof-v4o4eIelen-oi- O-
nf)-4g) "Special law" means aI
special or local law.
(g) ) Titles and substitles shall
notbe used In construction.
SECTION 12 f4:--4tse-eagtirst-4he
sste.-ePio manes-meAde-n-
the state os-4e-ol-nobie -know-ex4se-
ifni--or--- heor fte--or-49aemn-r- No
sovereign immunity In contract or ni
tort-The doctrine o severe i n m-
munity shall not be appoical e f n y s
se In contract n orn ort for erson-d

pvrede an i inreaem ain the bstolef

agencies,

systems benefit chnges.-A govern-
mental unit responsible for any re-
tirement or pension system support-
ed In whole or in part by public funds
shall not after---JanuGHy--14-->1977,
provide any increase n the benefits
to the members 'or beneficiaries of
such system unless such unit has
made or concurrently makes provi-
sion for the funding of such he In-
crease In be one o en a sound actuar-
ial basis which has been determined

SECTION 14. State compensation
commis son.-There shall .eto atote
compensation commission composed
of a number of memberstequal to th




number e of thC s ion res iution In the
the state. One member shall reside I
o sc ut none
may be e ectedou lc officers or em-
SETeIO 3. in-tit T pow fi .e

rm Y e sena e. e members






t seect ION meP o n o r menis
men e compnensati on r ofrticnr o
mannervesidon ae omo e p rovided ,
SECTION 1. Proposal by legisln-





ture.-Amendment of a section or
the whole, of this constitution may be
Proposed by ioint resolution agreed
to by three-fifthsaof the membership
full text of theeioint resolution and, the'
vote of each member voting shall be
entered on the journal of each house.
SECTION 3. Initfailve.-The Power
to propose the revision or amend-
ment of any portion or portions of
this constitution by Inittiative is re-
served to the people, provided that,
any such revision or amnmdment
shall embrace but one subject and
matter directly connected .therewith.
It may be invoked by filing with the
secretary of state apetat oa ttea wo-
Mq9 a copy of the proposed revision
or amendment, and within two years
of sch filing a seition signed by o
number at electors in eac h of tone
half of the congressional districts of
the state, and of the state as a whole,
equal to eight percent of the votes
cost in each of such districts respec-
tively and in the state as a whole In
the lost preceding election In which
presidential electors were chosen.
SECTION 4. Constitutional conven-
tion.-
(a) The power to call a convention
to consider a revision of the entire
constitution is reserved to the people.
It may be invoked by filing with the
secretary of state a petition,-contain-
ing a declaration that a constitutional
convention is desired, signed by a
number of electors in each of one
half of the congressional districts of
the state, and of the state as a whole,
equal to fifteen per cent of the votes
cast in each such district 'respective-
ly and in the state as a whole in the
last preceding election of presidential
electors.
(b) At the next general election
held more than ninety days after the
filing of such petition there-shall be
submitted to the electors of the state
the question: "Shall a constitutional
convention be held?" If a majority
voting on the question votes In the af-
firmative, at the next succeeding
general election there shall be elect-
ed from each representative district
a member of a constitutional conven-
tion. On the twenty-first day following
that election, the convention shall sit
at the capital, elect officers, adopt
rules of procedure, Judge the election
of Its membership, and fix a time and
place for its future meetings. Not
later than ninety days before the
next succeeding general election, the
convention shall cause to be filed
with the secretary of state any revi-
sion of this constitution proposed by
it.
SECTION 5. Amendment or revi-
sion election.-
(a) A proposed amendment to or
revision of this constitution, or any
part 'of It, shall be submitted to the
electors at the next general election
held more than ninety days after the
Ioint, resolution, initiative petition or
report of revision commission or con-
stitutional convention proposing it is
filed with the secretary of state, un-
less, pursuant to law enacted by the
affirmative vote of three-fourths of
the membership of each house of the
legislature and limited to a single
amendment or revision, it is submit-
ted at an earlier special election held
more than ninety days after such fil-
ing.
(b) Prior to being submitted to the
electors a proposed amendment or
revision shall be publicized In one or
both of the following ways:
(1) At least two weeks prior to the
week in which the election Is held,
the full text of the amendment or
revision, together with the or-
mailed to each address in the state at
which" a registered voter resides.
(2) W)Once in the tenth week,
and once in the sixth week Immedi-
ately preceding the week In which
the election is held, the proposed


amendment or revision, with notice
of the date of election at which It will
be submitted to the electors, shall be
published In one newspaper of gener-
al circulation in each county in which
a newspaper is published.
(c) If the proposed amendment or
revision is approved by vote of the
electors, it shall be effective as an
amendment to or revision of the con-
stitution of the state on the first Tues-
day after the first Monday in Jan-
uary following the election, or on
such other date as may be specified
in the amendment or revision.





elo) The question whether two or
more amendments or revisions are
in con lic sh be direct review-
able in an exedited p roceedin

ionsr ande hereof
on the date this constitLution is ad pt-
ed. It shall apply to con iflin
amendments and revisions adopt
simultaneously at the 1978 general
election.


ARTICLE XII
SCHEDULE
SECTION 1. Purpose of schedule.-
This schedule is designed to effect
the orderly transition of government
from the constitution of 1968, as
amended, to this revision,
SECTION 2. Constitutions of 1885
aond 1968 superseded.--The Constu-
ions oT Florida adopted In 1885 ano
1968 ore superseded by this revision
except those sections expressly re-
taine and made a part of this revi-
sion by reference.
- E-T IN-4-C-ene.stiutie-of--188S-
soupger eded-" Aeles_-- 4hrough-4Vr
V41-onde W-throu *h-0eltehe--onst-e




sut-keded--by-4his-ee-del-isie--61e11-




SECTION 3. Upon the adoption of
thesevsedlonstiipressvt,-retained on









secretary of state saefl transfer an-
cnsoeidate aoll schedIule Provisions
contain ed he rein to this article and



effective shall continue in office for
the remainder of the term if that of-
fice is not abolished. If the office is
thabolish ed nthe incumbent shall berior to
pad adequate compensation, to be




fixed by law, for the loss .of



-.-&---T--4N-4,-Sfote-eemmissioner--o4-
cdetio r, oT-he-state--st ra 4tendent-
consolbe-nstre all schei le proeon-4he
ffteet-e--date-ef--lths--revisien-- .sel-
becoaned h4erein Tc-ohis article and
teinue in offseveEvery -be-rson h-eold-
ming offeie wh-edn this region becomes

---SE-T- 4N----,----suer -nenden--.e-
---effectiv-he-eshallfee ove-dtine-- in of--fice for
she r emai under of the term if that of-






f ic e Is not abolished. ,-f the office is

so4ontendent-e6 -eedlool-eM-4het-dis-
abolished the incumbent shall be








-Pai--d4 -d-Teuote compensa-eetione-, to be
fixed by low, for the loss of















emoluments or the --remainder--of the
eo cicn--eu -eoehf-o885 ty-ee`mnevlded-
ed of-d-d,-Tho-l-state-superintende-nts
crf-wbAlU-4fstfwiton--4An- 4hofe whe-














e4fee-ivedoe-dof t -ser.e4sitdent-e e-
sehee-gntll--n -,e ee----oer--here -

beo All fws in effec... . upon the
adAIption of this revision, to the extent
not inconsistent with it, shall remain
In force until they expire by their
terms r Orein repealed. s te


seelvo-hein-e to e- n-supeAntendea-th




SECTION a -ot Rits preserved.A
wen All teaete n -o heFet on tihe


lai4hem enta-s tRas aelleto of
avdoti risin rlevion , eaoesu efpentie
no evisons shs n moot bw 4 at re-t el




tnes pelois,--sW fn4rend eorfeitues-



adoption of this revisinerothe Con-t
Ca).Ation 1 roidghts ofatenion,
ciaImons, coent rat ndtobsi at ions-
i force unti they s expire by their
erms o toare tree tled.
-awit -Ath stoae -weihund erheCnti-










a9 d, aaIesded bn a- s am ended, au-
i - or toe- the s tater-supe aen-
rev-sion, fueall sen-and - he i wh-ch
opply rto the -oun surerm tendet of-
ftis n-ps revIsin- apeendt e to the-
statie commasso nefate anssue t
the disitywic iderinenotexi of schools














(a) Al actonsi s o f o action,
dte this revision becomes effective

shall continue tbe valid as if thisre
revision had not been adopted. All n






taxes, enalties, fiates and forfeitures



revision , and l osentencesf as punish-
ment for crime shall be executed ac-














coreing toue asrte the r ad. tion e
(b) This revision shall not be retro-
active so as to create any right or














liability whicle h did not exist under the
Constitutitutions of 1885, as amend198, as






amended, bas ed upon matters occur
ring ereior to the adoon this revi-
resion. ufibaymet eI ese
SECTION 7c h Public debts recog-











nized.-All bonds, revenue cer-
tificates, revenue bonds and tax on-
ticipation certificates Issued Pur-






























Ca) ADD i section (a) SEhsCUIti
opes Article IX, Section 1. of the
suant to the Constitutions of 1885 and












Stitueton das rtedv thes iund 19t6
1968 as amended by t is ete e ate, any
agency, politico a subdiv oiseion or Pub- as
lic corporation of the state shall
remain In full force and effect and
shall be secured by the some sources











ofs revenue as before the adoption ofe
this revision, and, to the extent
necessary'to effectuate this section,











the applicable P rovisations of the Con-r
stitutions t of 1885 ond 19r, as amend-
ed, are -retained as a parent of r?
revision until payment in full of these
public securities p t










SECArticle XII, Secial district taxes.
-te a te dorem txing Power vease
is aw n specdi a by s rfricets prexsn
won th s revision escompetes ascv
thougnocabroated hv ereion
powers, except to the extients thneces
be restricted or withdrawn by low.
SECTION 9. Bonds.-










fte) Article IX, Section 17, of the
Constitution of the re 1885, as amens dervd, as
it existed immediately befos rec this
Constitution, as revised, incld 1968,in
became effesive, is adopted by thisd
reference aso a part of the tis revision aso
completely as though aincorpor ated
herein verbatim, except revenues ce
bonds, revenue certificates or other
evidences of Indebtedness hereafter










oIssued thereunderbli may be Issued by
uthe agency of the stte tate so authorized
tion 9, Subsection (a) of this Constitu-
fuon, as amended, which by reference








adopted Artile XI, Section 19 of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended, asti
the some existed immediately before








the effective dateI of this amendment
is adopted by this reference as purt








sttof this revision as o ts steely as
though incorporated herein verba-
btim, for the Purpose of providinsg that
after the effective date of this amend-
ment all of the proceeds of the reve-
nues derived from the gross receipts









taxes, as theredfi pned, collected In
ed therein to the extent nec ossary to
comply with all obligation s to or for2
the benefit of hold heres of bonds or cer-
tificates Issued before the effective

by such gross receipts taxes. No








bonds or other oubligations may be Is-
sued Pursuantd to the provisiones of
uArticle XII, Section 19, of t he consti-

tution of 1885, as amended, but this
provision shall not be construed to
prevent the refunding of any such

odutstandi ng bonds or obligations Pur-e
suant to the Provisions of this subsec-










IfTer -uce bylwt- h oes


without oa vote of the electors, by the
state board pursuant to law to fi-
nance or refinance capital projects
theretofore authorized by the legisla-
ture, and any purposes appurtenant
or incidental thereto, for the state
system of public education provided
for in Section 1 of Article IX of this
Constitution (hereinafter referred to
as "state system"), including but not
limited to institutions of higher learn-
ing, junior colleges, vocational tech-
nical schools, or public schools, as
now defined or as may hereafter be
defined by ibw. All such bonds shall
mature not later than July 1, 2025. All
other details of such bonds shall be
as provided by law or by the pro-
ceedings authorizing such bonds;
provided, however, that no bonds, ex-
cept refunding bonds, shall be Issued,
and no proceeds shall be expended
for, the cost of any capital protect,
unless such project has been author-
ized by the legislature.
Bonds issued pursuant to this sub-
section (a) (2) shall be primarily
payable from such revenues derived
from gross receipts taxes, and shall
be additionally secured by the full
faith and credit of the state. No such
bonds shall ever be issued in on
amount exceeding ninety percent of
the amount which the state board de-
termines can be serviced by the


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla.


revenues derived from the gross
receipts taxes accruing thereafter
under the provisions of this subsec-
tion (a) (2), and such determination
shall be conclusive.
The moneys in the capital outlay -
fund in each fiscal year shall be used
only for the following purposes and in
the following order of priority:
a. For the payment of the principal
of and interest on any bonds matur-
ing in such fiscal year:
b. For the deposit into any reserve
funds provided for in the proceedings
authorizing the issuance of bonds of
any amounts required to be deposit-
ed in such reserve funds in such fis-
cal year:
c. For direct payment of the cost or
any port of the cost of any capital
project for the state system there-
tofore authorized by the legislature,
or for the purchase or redemption of
outstanding bonds in accordance
with the provisions of the proceed-
ings which authorized the issuance of
such bonds.
(b) REFUNDING BONDS. Rev-
enue bonds to finance thethe cost of
state capital projects issued prior to
the date this revision becomes effec-
tive, including projects of the Florida
state turnpike authority or its succes-
sor but excluding all portions of the
state highway system, may be
refunded as provided by low without
votheof the electors at a lower net
average net interest cost rate by the
issuance-oTbonds maturing not later
than the obligations refunded,
secured by the some revenues only.
(c) MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL
TAXES.
(1) A state tax, designated "second
gas tax," of two cents per gallon
upon gasoline and other like products
of petroleum and an equivalent tax
upon other sources of energy used to
propel motor vehicles as levied by
Article IX, Section 16, of the constitu-
tion of 1885 as incorporated b refer-
ence into the constitution of 1968, as
amended, is hereby continued -for--o
peioa4-- of---ffty---eense etive---Yees.-
The proceeds of said tax. shall be
placed monthly in the state roads dis-
tribution fund in the state treasury.
(2) Article IX, Section 16, of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended, Is
adopted by this reference as a part
of this revision as completely as
though incorporated herein verbatim .
for the purpose of providing that
after the effective date of this revi-
sion the proceeds of the "second gas
tax" as referred to therein shall be
allocated among the several counties
in accordance with the formula stat-
ed therein to the extent necessary to
comply with all obligations to or for
the benefit of holders of bonds,
revenue certificates and tax anticipa-
tion certificates or any refundings
thereof secured by any portion of the
"second gas tax."
(3) No funds anticipated to be al-
located under the formula stated in'
Article IX, Section 16, of the Constitu-
tion of 1885, as amended, shall be
pledged as security for any obliga-
tion hereafter issued or entered into,
except that any outstanding obliga-
tions previously issued pledging
revenues allocated under said Article
IX, Section 16, may be refunded at a
lower -net average net interest cost
rate by the issuance of refunding
bonds, maturing not later than the
obligations refunded, secured by the
same revenues and any other securi-
ty authorized in paragraph (5) of this
subsection.
(4) Sublect to the requirements of
paragraph (2) of this subsection and
after payment of administrative ex-
penses, the "second gas tax" shall be
allocated to the account of each of
the several counties in the amounts
to be determined as follows: There
shall be on Initial allocation' of one-
fourth in the ratio of county area to
state area, one-fourth In the ratio of
the total county population to the to-
tal population of the state, in accord-
ance with the latest available federal
census, and one-half in the ratio of
the total "second gas tax" collected
on retail sales or use in each county
to the total collected In all counties of
,the state during the previous fiscal
year. If the annual debt service
requirements of any obligations Is-
sued for any county, including any
deficiencies for prior years, secured
under paragraph (2) of this subsec-
tion, exceeds the amount which
would be allocated to that county
under the formula set out in this
paragraph, the amounts allocated to
other counties shall be reduced
proportionately.
(5) Funds allocated under para-
graphs (2) and (4) of this subsection
shall be administered by the state
board of administration created
under said article IX, Section 16, of
the Constitution of 1885, as amended,
and which is continued as a body
corporate for the life of this subsec-
tion 9(c). The -board shall remit the
proceeds of the.;"second gas tax" In
each-,county .:account for use-Insaid
county as follows: eighty per cent to,
the state e agency supervising the
state road system and twenty, per
cent to the governing body of the
county. The percentage allocated to
the county may be increased by gen-
eral law. The proceeds of the
"second gas tax" subject to alloca-
tion to the several counties under this
paragraph (5) shall be used first, for
the payment of obligations pledging
revenues allocated pursuant to Arti-
cle IX, Section 16, of the Constitution
of 1885, as amended, and any refund-
lngs thereof; second, for the
payment of debt service on bonds is-
sued as provided by this paragraph
(5) to finance the acquisition and
construction of roads as defined by
law; and third, for the acquisition,
maintenance and construction of
roads. When authorized by law, state
bonds pledging the full faith and
credit of the state may be issued
without any election: (i) to refund
obligations secured by any portion of
the "second gas tax" allocated to a
county under Article IX, Section 16,
of the Constitution of 1885, as amend-
ed: (ii) to finance the acquisition and
construction of roads in a county
when approved by the governing
body of the county and the state
agency supervising the state road
system: and (ill) to refund obliga-
tions' secured by any portion of the
"second gas tax" allocated under
paragraph 9(c) (4). No such bonds
shall be Issued unless a state fiscal
agency created by law has made a
determination that In no state fiscal
year will the debt service require-
ments of the bonds and all other
bonds secured by the pledged portion
of the "second gas tax" allocated to
the county exceed seventy-five per
cent of the pledged portion of the
"second gas tax" allocated to that
county for the preceding state fiscal
year, of the pledged net tolls from
existing facilities collected in the
preceding state fiscal year, and of
the annual overage net tolls an-
ticipated during the first five state
fiscal years of operation of new
projects to be financed, an ggny
other legll available pledged
revenues collected In the preceding
state fiscal Vear. Bonds' Issued pur-
suant to this subsection shall be
payable primarily from the pledged
tolls, and-the pledged portions of the
"second gas Tox "a- located to that
county, and onother_.pledged reven-
ues, and shall mature not r fh-t n
forty years from the dale of is-
suance.
(di SCHOOL BONDS.
(1) Article XII; Section 9, subsec-
tion (d> of this constitution, as
amended, (which, by reference,
adopted Article XII, Section 18, of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended) as
the same existed immediately before
the effective date of this amendment
is adopted by this reference as port
of this amendment as completely as
though incorporated herein verba-
tim, for the purpose of providing that
after the effective dote of this amend-
ment the first proceeds of the rev-
enues derived from the licensing of
motor vehicles as referred to therein
shall be distributed annually among
the several counties In the ratio of
the number of instruction units in
each county, the some being cater-
minus with the school district of each
county as provided in Article IX, Sec-
tion 4, Subsection (a) of this constitu-
tion, in ,each year computed as
provided therein to the extent neces-
sary to comply with alt obligations to
or for the benefit of holders of bonds
or motor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates issued before the effective
date of this amendment or aoy
refundings thereof which ore secured
by any portion of such revenues de-
rived from the licensing of motor
vehicles.
(2) No funds anticipated to be dis-
tributed annually among the several
counties under the formula stated in
Article XII, Section 9, Subsection (d)
of this constitution, as amended, as
the some existed immediately before
the effective date of this amendment
shall be pledged as security for any


obligations hereafter issued or en-
tered into, except that any outstand-
ing obligations previously issued
pledging such funds may be refunded
at a lower -net average net interest
cost rate by the issuance of refund-
ing bonds maturing not later than the
obligations refunded, secured by the
same revenues and any other securi-
ty 'authorized in paragraph (13) of
this subsection (d).
(3) Subject to the requirements of
paragraph (1) of this subsection (d)
beginning July 1, 1973 and for thirty-
five years thereafter, the first
proceeds of the revenues derived
from the licensing of motor vehicles
to the extent necessary to comply
with the provisions of this amend-
ment, shall, as collected, be placed
monthly in the school district and
junior college district capital outlay
and debt service fund In the state
treasury and used only as provided
in this amendment. Such revenue
shall be distributed annually among
the several school districts and iun-


THURSDAY, SEPT. 28. 1978


ior college districts in the ratio of the
number of instruction units in each
school district or junior college dis-
trict in each year computed as
provided herein. The amount of the
first revenues derived from the state
motor vehicle license taxes to be so
set aside in each year and distribut-
ed as provided herein shall be on
amount equal in the aggregate to the
product of six hundred dollars ($600)
multiplied by the total number of In-
struction units in all the school dis-
tricts of Florida for the school fiscal
year 1967-68, plus an amount equal in
the aggregate to the product of eight
hundred dollars ($800) multiplied by
the total number of instruction units
in all the school districts of Florida
for the school fiscal year 1972-73 and
for each school fiscal year thereafter
which is in excess of the total
number of such instruction units In
all the school districts of Florida for
the school fiscal year 1967-68, such
excess units being designated
"growth units." The amount of the
first revenues derived from the state
motor vehicle license taxes to be so
set aside in each year and distribu-
ted as provided herein shall addition-
ally be an amount equal in the ag-
gregate to the product of four hun-
dred dollars ($400) multiplied by the
total number of instruction units in
all junior college districts of Florida.
The number of instruction units In
each school district or junior college
district in each year for the purposes
of this amendment shall be the
greater of (1) the number of instruc-
tion units in each school district for
the school fiscal year 1967-68 or jun-
ior college district for the school fis-
cal year 1968-69 computed in the
manner heretofore provided by gen-
eral low, or (2) the, number of in-
struction units in such school district,
including growth units, or junior col-
lege district for the school fiscal year
computed in the manner heretofore
or hereafter provided by general law
and approved by the state board of
education (hereinafter called the
state board), or (3) the number of in-
struction units in each school district,
Including growth units, or Junior col-
lege district on behalf of which the
state board has issued bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates under this amendment
which will produce sufficient reven-
ues under this amendment to equal
one and twelve-hundredths (1.12)
times the aggregate. amount of prin-
cipol of and interest on all bonds or
motor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates issued under this amend-
ment which will mature and become
due in such year, computed in the
manner heretofore or hereafter
provided by general law and ap-
proved by the state board.
(4) Such funds so distributed shall
be administered by the state board,
as now created and constituted by
Section 2 of Article IX of the State
Constitution as revised in 1968, or by
such other instrumentality of the
state which shall hereafter succeed
by law to the powers, duties and
functions of the state board, includ-
ing the powers, duties and functions
of the state board provided in this
amendment. For the purposes of this
amendment, said state board shall be
a body corporate and shall have all
the powers provided In this amend-
ment in addition to all other constitu-
tional and statutory powers related
to the purposes of this amendment
heretofore or hereafter conferred
upon said state board.
(5) The state board shall, In addi-
tion to its other constitutional and
statutory powers, have the man-
agement. control and supervision of
.the proceeds of the first part of the
revenues derived from the licensing
of motor vehicles provided for in this
subsection (d). The state board shall
also have power, for the purpose of
obtaining funds for the use of any
school board of any school district or
board of trustees of any junior col-
lege district In acquiring, building,
constructing, altering, remodeling,
Improving, enlarging, furnishing,
equipping, maintaining, renovating,
.or repairing of capitol outlay
protects for school purposes to issue
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, and also to issue
such bonds or motor vehicle tax an-
ticipation certificates to pay, fund or
refund any bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates there-
tofore issued by said state board. All
such 'bonds or motor vehicle tax an-
ticipation certificates shall bear In-
terest at not exceeding five per cen-
turnm per annum, or such higher inter-
est rate as may be authorized by sta-
tute heretofore or hereafter passed
by a three-fifths (3/5) vote of each
house of the legislature. All such
bonds shall mature serially in annual
installments commencing not more
than three (3) years from the date of,
issuance thereof and ending not later
than thirty .(30) years Irom the dale
of issuance, or July 1. 2007. A.D.,
whichever is earlier. Aul such molor.
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
shall mature prior to July 1 2007,
A.D. The state board shall have
power to determine all other details
of said bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates and to sell at
public sale after public advertise-
ment', or exchange saiold bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates, upon such terms and condi-
tions as the state board shall provide.
(6) The state board shall also have
power to pledge for the payment of
the principal of and interest on such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, including refunding
bonds or refunding motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates, all or any
part from the ancitipoted revenues to
be derived from the licensing of mo-
tor vehicles provided for in this
amendment and to enter into any
covenants and other agreements
with the holders of such bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates at the time of the issuance
thereof concerning the security
thereof and the rights of the holders
thereof, all of which covenants and
agreements shall constitute legally
binding and Irrevocable contracts
with such holders and shall be fully
enforceable by such holders In any
court of competent jurisdiction.
(7) No such bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates shall
ever be issued by the state board un-
til after the adoption of a resolution
requesting the issuance thereof by
the school board of the school district
or board of trustees of the junior col-
* lege district on behalf of which the
obligations ore to be Issued. The
state board of education shall limit
the amount of such bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
which con be Issued on behalf of any
school district or junior college dis-
trict to ninety percent (90%) of the
amount which it determines can be
serviced by the revenue accruing to
the school district or Junior college
district under the provisions of this
amendment, and such determination
shall be conclusive. All such bonds or
motor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates shall be issued in the name
of the state board of education but
shall be issued for and on behalf of
the school board of the school district
or board of trustees of the junior col-
lege district requesting the Issuance
thereof, and no election or approval
of qualified electors shall be required
for the issuance thereof.
(8) The state board shall in each
year use the funds distributable pur-
suant to this amendment to the credit
of each school district or junior col-
lege district only in the following
manner and in order of priority:
a. To comply with the require-
* ments of paragraph (1) of this sub-
section (d).
b. To pay all amounts of'principal
and interest maturing In such year
on any bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates issued under
the authority hereof, including
refunding bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certrificotes, issued on
behalf of the school board of such
school district or board of trustees of
such junior college district; subject,
however, to any covenants or
agreements mode by the state board
* concerning the rights between
holders of different issues of such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, as herein author-
ized.
c. To establish and maintain a sink-
ing fund or funds to meet future
requirements for debt service or re-
serves therefore, on bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
issued on behalf of the school board
of such school district or board of
trustees of such junior college dis-
tfict under the authority hereof,
whenever the state board shall deem
it necessary or advisable, and in,
such amounts and under such terms


and conditions as the state board
shall in its discretion determine.
d. To distribute annually to the
several school boards of the school
districts or the boards bf trustees of
the junior college districts for use In
payment of debt service on bonds
heretofore or hereafter issued by any
such school boards of the school dis-
tricts or boards of trustees of the lun-
lor college districts where the
proceeds of the bonds were used, or
are to be used, in the acquiring,
building, constructing, altering,
remodeling, improving, enlarging,
furnishing, equipping, maintaining,
renovating, or repairing of capital
outlay projects in such school dis-
tricts or lunlor college districts and
which capital outlay projects have
been approved by the school board of
the school district or board of trus-
tees of the junior college district, pur-
suant to the most recent survey or
surveys conducted under regulations
prescribed by the state board to de-
termine the capital outlay needs of
the school district or Junior college
district. The state board shall have
power. at the time of issuance of any
bonds by any school board of any
school district or board of trustees of


PAGE THIRTEEN


any junior college district to coven-
ant and agree with such school board
or board of trustees as to the rank
and priority of payments to be made
for different issues of bonds under"
this subparagraph d., and may
further agree that any amounts to be
distributed under this subparagraph.
d. may be pledged for the debt ser--
vice on bonds Issued by any school.
board of any school district or board
of trustees of any iunlor college dis-.
trict and for the rank and priority of
such pledge. Any such covenants or.
agreements of the state board may"
be enforced by any holders of such
bonds In any court of competent iur-.
Isdiction.
e. To distribute annually to the
several school boards of the school
districts or boards of trustees of the
junior college . districts for the
payment of the cost of acquiring,
building, constructing, altering,
remodeling, improving, enlarging,
furnishing, equipping, maintaining,
renovating, or repairing of capital,
outlay projects for school purposes In
such school district or junior college
district as shall be requested by re-
solution of the school board of the
school district or board at trustees of
the junior college district.
f. When all mlaor capital outlay
needs of a school district or iunlot..'
college district have been met as de-
termined by the state board, on the "
basis of a survey made pursuant to
regulations of the state board and ap-
proved by the state board, all such
funds remaining shall be distributed
annually and used for such school
purposes in such school district or
Junior college district as the school
board of the school district or board
of trustees of the junior college dis
trict shall determine, or as may be o
provided by general law.
(9) Capital outlay projects of d
school district or Junior college dis-
trict shall be eligible to participate in
the funds accruing under this amend
ment and derived from the proceeds'
of bonds and motor vehicle tax on- .
ticipoaton certificates and from the
motor vehicle license taxes, only In
the order of priority of needs, as
shown by a survey or surveys con-..
ducted in the school district or Junior
college district under regulations'
prescribed by the state board, to de- ,
termine the capital outlay needs of-.
the school district or junior college...
district and approved by the state
board; provided' that the priority of
such projects may be changed from
time to time upon the request of the, ,
school board of the school district or
board of trustees of the junior college .
district and with the approval of the -r-
state board; and provided further,.
that this paragraph (9) shall not In
any manner affect any covenant, .
agreement or pledge made by the
state board In the issuance by sld
state board of any bonds or motor,
vehicle tax anticipation certificates, -
or in connection with the issuance of...
any bonds of any school board of any-
school district, or board of trustees of
any junior college district. -
(10) The state board may Invest, -
any sinking fund or funds created -
pursuant to this amendment In dire t .
obligations of the United States of,. ;
America or In the bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates,
issued by the state board on behalf of -
the school board of any school dis-
trict or board of trustees of any lun-
lor college district. ..
(11) The state board shall hove- ,
power to make and enforce all rules.,
and regulations necessary to the full t '
exercise of the powers herein grant- ..
ed and no legislation shall be-
required to render this amendment,.,,
of full force and operating effect. The .
legislature shall not reduce the levies .-.
of said motor vehicle license taxes ,.
during the life of this amendment to,. �
any degree which will fall to provide .
the full amount necessary to comply
with the provisions of this amend-
ment and pay the necessary ex--,1
penses of administering the laws ,
relating to the licensing of motor
vehicles, and shall not enact any low,.
having the effect of withdrawing the -
proceeds of such motor vehicle',
license taxes from the operation of .
this amendment and shall not enact,
any low impairing or materially al- .'-
tering the rights of the holders of any .,-
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates Issued pursuant to.
this amendment or impairing or a01-.:.-
tering any covenant or agreement of
the state board, as provided in such,..
bonds or motor vehicle tax antlclpo--
tlon certificates.
(12) The state board shall have.-
power to appoint such persons and...:
fix their compensation for the odmln.-..
istration of the provisions of this, ..
amendment as it shall deem neces--"'
sory, and the expenses of the state .
board in administering the provisionsi'-
of this amendment shall be prorated -'*
among the various" school districts-,
and junior college districts and paid - .
out .of the proceeds of the bonds. or_,
motor vehicle tax,-anticipation cer-,-i
tificotes or from the funds distrlbut':.'
able to each school district or lunior- '.
college district on the same basis as' '
such motor vehicle license taxes are
distributable to the various school.
districts or junior college districts'--
under the provisions of this amend, -
ment. Interest or profit on sinking-
fund investments shall accrue to the
school districts or lunlor college dis-
tricts in proportion to their respec-
tive equities in the sinking fund or "
funds.
(13) Bonds issued by the state
board pursuant to this subsection (d)
shall be payable primarily from said -
motor- vehicle license taxes as
provided herein,, and If heretofore orF.,
hereafter authorized by law, may be
additionally secured by pledging the- .
full faith and credit of the state with -
out on election. When heretofore or
hereafter authorized by law, bonds
issued pursuant to Article XII, Sec-
tlon 18 of the Constitution of 1885, as'.
amended prior to 1968, and bonds is- "
sued pursuant to Article XII, Section
9, subsection (d) of the Constitution
as revised In 1968, and bonds Issued
pursuant to this subsection (d), may
be refunded by the'issuance of bonds
additionally secured by the full faith
and credit of the state only at a lower
net average net interest cost rate.
(e) DEBT"LIMITATION. Bonds is-
sued pursuant to this section 9 of Ar-
ticle XII which are payable primariV
from revenues pledged pursuant to
this section shall not be Included In
applying the limits upon the amount -
of state bonds contained in Section
11, Article VII, of this revision.,
whieh-44t9-emeldment--a-adoplted,-.
thire--*Ieo�--edeed-*n-'emendewof- -
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tr haetei e4ghef-ereln',41hF-t-sivi-
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boine~--heretn-.
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�loneuege- -onsubseeetw-wn --te 44ff


soeb9eetien-<--es-elne--iee4f-.,
thls-omennen-t lh-eltek-ees -os-,
Subsections (a) (e), as amended
bv this revision shall become statues
and shall not be sblec o mod ic-
tion or reaI except b two-thirds
u e tthe m embership oeaach
neeon nt ArCun i S ction ,tewMi ,
Sane ther e M e .n
n relt tne sToTe a
o o s re n al be exceptions ,
ton to the extent of any Ineos n
nc nrre wt me aregsind relt-
r r re es afaed It icnVIrite n-
trovul rights vested In the holder
of bonds isued ppUr;unt to the e
pror to this revision.
Note-Section 17 of Art. IX of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended,
reads as follows:
SECTION 17. Bonds: land acquisi-
tion for outdoor recreation develop-,
ment.-The outdoor recreational.
development council, as created by -
the 1963 legislature, may issue reve- "
nue bonds, revenue certificates or, :
other evidences of Indebtedness .to
acquire lands, water areas and relat-
ed resources and to construct, Im-
prove, enlarge and extend capital
improvements and facilities thereon'
in furtherance of outdoor recreation;
natural resources conservation, and
related facilities In this state; provid-,
ed, however, the legislature with fe-'
spect to such revenue bonds, reve-
nue certificates or other evidences ao
Indebtedness shall designate the'
revenue or tax sources to be deposit-
ed In or credited to the land acquisli
tion trust fund for their repaymenati
and may Impose restrictions on their
Issuance, Including the fixing of max-
imum Interest rates and discounts.
The land acquisition trust fund,
created by the 1963 legislature fat1
these multiple public purposes, shall
continue from the date of the adop;
sition of this amendment for a period
of fifty years.
In the event the outdoor recreatitn-
al development council shall deter-
mine to Issue bonds for financing qc-
quisitlon of sites for multiple pur-
poses the state board of admlnlstra-,,.
tion shall act as fiscal agent, and the
attorney general shall handle the
validation proceedings.
All bonds Issued under this amend-
(Continued on Next Page)


:1,
- - .1.


zv;. ,. . ,













PAGE WOLRTEEN


S ment shall be sold at public sale after
: public advertisement upon such
terms and conditions as the outdoor
recreational development council
,:. ; shall provide and as otherwise
provided by law and subject to the
: "limitations herein imposed.
r Note.-Sectlon 19 of Art. XII of the
S :Constltution of 1885, as amended,
reads asfollows:
SECTION 19. Institutions of higher
learning and junior college capital
outlay trust fund bonds.-(a) That
beginning January 1, 1964, and for
fifty years thereafter, all of the
proceeds of the revenues derived
from the gross receipts taxes collect-
e* d from every person, Including
municipalities, receiving payment for
electricity for light, heat or power,
for natural or manufactured gas for
light, heat or power, for use of tele-
Sphones and for the sending of tele-
grams and telegraph messages, as
now provided and levied as of the
time of adoption of this amendment
In Chapter 203, Florida Statutes
(hereinafter called "Gross Receipts
Taxes"), shall, as collected be placed
, in a trust fund to be known 'as the
"Institutions of Higher Learning and
Junior Colleges Capital Outlay and
SDebt Service Trust Fund" in the
State Treasury (hereinafter referred
: to. as "Capital Outlay Fund"), and
used only as provided In this Amend-
ment.
- Sold fund shall be administered by
the State Board of Education, as now
created thd constituted by Section 3
of Article XlI [now s. 2, Article IX] of
' " the Constitution of Florida (herein-
after referred to as "State Board").
For the purpose of this Amendment,
- , said State Board, as now constituted,
S'. shall continue as a body corporate
during the life of this Amendment,
and shall have all the powers provid-
ed In this Amendment in addition to
all other constitutional and statutory
powers related to the purposes of this
Amendment heretofore or hereafter
conferred by. law upon said State
-Board .
S (b)The .State Board shall have
" dower, for the purpose of obtaining
funds for acquiring, building, con-
structing, altering, Improving, en-
larging, furnishing or equipping capi-
tal outlay prolects theretofore auth-
prized by the legislature and any
purposes appurtenant or incidental
thereto, for. Institutions of Higher
' Learning or Junior Collegesi as now
. defined or as may be. hereafter
defined by law, and for the purpose
of constructing buildings- and other
S permanent facilities for vocational
. technical schools as provided in
chapter 230 Florida Statutes, to issue
bonds or certificates, . including
S refunding bonds or certificates to
- fund or refund any bonds or cer-
-tiffcates theretofore issued. All such
bonds or certificates shall bear inter-
est at not exceeding four and one-half
per centum per annum, and shall
mature at such time or times as the'
S State Board shall determine not ex-
ceeding, in any event, however, thir-
: ty years from the date of issuance
thereof. The State Booard shall have
power to determine all other details
of such bonds-or certificates and to
sell at public sale, after public adver-
tlsement, such bonds or certificates,
provided, however, that no bonds or
: certificates shall ever be issued here-
under to finance, or the proceeds
thereof expended for, any part of the
S ost of any capital outlay project un-
less the construction oa acquisition of
such capital outlay project has been,
" heretofore authorized by the Legis-
lature of Florida. None of said bonds
t or certificates shall be sold at less
than ninety-eight per centum of the
Pa , or value thereof, plus accrued inter-
S est, and said bonds or certificates
shall be awarded at the public sale
thereof to the bidder offering the
lowest net Interest cost for such
bonds or certificates in the manner
S to be determined by the State Board.
S The State Board shall also have
power to pledge for the payment of
the principal oT and interest on such
bonds or certificates, and reserves
therefore, including refunding bonds
or certificates, all or any port of the
revenue to be derived from the said
Gross Receipts Taxes provided tfor in
this Amendment; and 'to enter into
- any covenants and other agreements
with the holders of such bands or cer-
tificates concerning the security
thereof and the rights of the holders
thereof; all of which covenants and
.agreements -shall constitute legally
-. binding and irrevocable contracts
,with such holders and shall be fully
enforceable by such holders in any
.court of competent Jurisdiction.
SNo such bonds or certificates shall
'ever be iSsued by the State Board in
., on amount exceeding seventy-five
'P, per centum of the amount which it
I determines, based upon the average
"n'i'. 'nual amount of the revenues de-
nrived, from sold Gross Receipts.
Taxes during the immediately
preceding two fiscal years, or the
S -amount of the revenues derived from
-sold Gross Receipts Taxes during the
immediately preceding fiscal year,
'as shown in a certificate filed by the
State Comptroller with the State
S "Board prior to the issuance of such
.bonds or certificates, whichever is
'the lesser, can be serviced by the
:revenues accruing thereafter under
: ''the provisions. of this Amendment;
--. -nor shall the State Board, during the
A first year'following the ratification of
'this amendment, issue bonds or cer-
tificates in excess of seven times the
S-anticipated revenue from said Grom sold Gross
SReceipts Taxes during said year, nor
'during each succeeding year, more
than four. times the .anticipated
S revenue from said Gross Receipts
' " xes during such year. No election
or approval of qualified electors or
freeholder electors shall be required
'for the issuance of bonds or cer-
f 'tifictes hereunder.
After the initial Issuance of any
S.bonds or certificates pursuant to this
Amendment, the State Board may
Thereafter issue additional bonds or
certificates which wi ll rank equally
sand on a parity, as to lien on and
source of security for payment from
said Gross Receipts Taxes, with any
bands or certificates theretofore Is-
sued pursuant to this Amendment,
, but such additional parity bonds or
r certificates shall not be Issued unless
o the average annual amount of the
revenues derived from said Gross
S receipts Taxs during the immedia-
tely preceding two fiscal years, or
-the amount of the revenues derived
from said Gross Receipts Taxes dur-
ing the immediately preceding fiscal
:year, as shown In a certificate filed
by the State Comptroller with the
- ' State Board prior to the issuance of
such bonds or certificates, whichever
is the lesser, shall have been equal to
one and one-third times the ag-
Sgregate amount of principal and in-
terest which will become due in any
succeeding fiscal year on all bonds
or certificates theretofore issued pur-
suant to 'this Amendment and 'then
. outstanding, and the additional parity
bonds or certificates -then proposed
*to be issued. No bonds, certificates or
" other obligations whatsoever shall at
Sany time be issued under the provi-
sions of this Amendment, except
such bonds or certificates initially is-
sued hereunder, and such additional
* parity bonds or certificates as pro-
vided in this paragraph. Notwith-
standing any other provision herein
� "no such bands or certificates shall be
authorized or validated during any
bienniumm in excess of- fifty million
dollars, except by two-thirds vote of
� the members elected to each house
of the legislature; provided further
.that during the biennium 1963-1965
seventy-five million dollars may be
-authorized and validated pursuant
hereto, i
* (c) Capital outlay projects there-
. tofoae authorized by the legislature
*for any Institution of Higher Learn-
ing or Junior College shall be eligible
to participate in the funds accruing
under this Amendment derived from
the proceeds of bands or certificates
*and said Gross Receipts Taxes under
such regulations and in such manner
as shall be determined by the State
Board, and the State Board shall use
or transmit to the State Board of
Control or to the Board of Public In-
struction of any County authorized
by law to construct or acquire such
capital outlay projects, the amount of
the proceeds of such bands or cer-
tificates or Gross Receipts Taxes to
� be applied to or used for such capital
. "outlay projects. If for any reason any
'of the proceeds of any bands or cer-
.:tiflcates issued for any capital outlay
"prolect shall not be expended for
such capital outlay protect, the State
- Board may use such unexpended
:.proceeds for any other capital outlay
project for Institutions of Higher
Learning or Junior Colleges and
vocational technical schools, as
defined herein, as. now defined or as


.-may be hereafter defined by' law.
theretofore authorized by the State
.Legislature. The holders of bonds or
certificates issued hereunder shall
Siot have any responsibility whatso-
eveor the application or use of any
.6f the proceeds derived from the sale
of sold bonds or certificates, and the
lights and remedies of the holders of
such bands or certificates and their
right to payment from said Gross
Receipts Taxes in the manner pro-
vided herein shall not be affected or
Impaired by the application or use of
such proceeds.
: The State Board shall use the mon-
eys In said Capital Outlay Fund in
each fiscal year only far the follow-
ing purposes and in the following
-order of priority:
(1) For the payment of the prin-
' cipal of and interest on any bonds or
-certificates maturing In such fiscal
'Year.
S,. (2) For the deposit into any re-
Sserve funds provided for in the
proceedings authorizing the issuance
Sof. said bonds or certificates, of any
amounts required to be deposited in
such reserve funds in such fiscal
year.


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, ,SEPT. 28, 1978


(3) After all payments required In
such fiscal year for the purposes
provided for in (1) and (2) above, In-
cluding any deficiencies for required'
payments in prior fiscal years, any
moneys remaining In said Capital
Outlay Fund at the end of such fiscal
year may be used by the State Board
Sfor direct payment of the cost or any
port of the cost of any capital outlay
project theretofore authorized by the
legislature or for the purchase of any
bonds or certificates issued here-
under then outstanding upon such
terms and conditions as the State
Board shall deem 'proper, or for the
prior redemption of outstanding
bands or certificates irn accordance-
with the provisions of the proceed-
ings which authorized the Issuance of
such bonds or certificates.
The State Board may invest the
moneys in said Capital Outlay Fund
or In any sinking fund or other funds
created for any issue of bonds or cer-
tificates, In direct obligations of the
United States of America or in the
other securities referred to in Section
344.27, Florida Statutes.
(d) The State Board shall have the
power to make and enforce all rules
and regulations necessary to the full
exercise of the powers herein grant-
ed and 'no legislation shall be
required to render this Amendment
of full force and operating effect on
and after January 1, 1964. The Legis-
lature, during the period this Amend-
ment is in effect, shall not reduce the
rate of saiold Gross Receipts Taxes
now provided in said Chapter 203,
'Florida Statutes; or eliminate,
exempt or remove any of the per-
sons,- firms or corporations, Including
municipal corporations, or any of the
ujilitles, businesses or services now
or hereafter subject to solid Gross
Receipts Taxes, from the levy and
collection of said Gross Receipts
* Taxes as now provided in said
Chapter 203, Florida Statutes, and
shall not enact any law impairing or
materially altering the rights of the
holders of any bonds or certificates
Issued pursuant to this Amendment
or-Impairing or altering any coven-
ants or agreements of the State
Board made hereunder, or having
the effect of withdrawing the -
proceeds of said Gross Receipts
Taxes from the operation of this
Amendment.
The State Board of Administration'
shall be and Is hereby constituted as
the Fiscal Agent of the State Board to
perform such duties and assume
such responsibilities under this
amendment as shall be agreed'upon
between the State Board and such
State Board of Administration, The
State Board shall also have power to.
appoint such other persons and fix
their compensation for the adminis-
tration of the provisions of this
Amendment as it shall deem neces-
sary, and the expenses of the State
Board in administering the provi-
sions of :this Amendment shall be
paid out of the proceeds of bonds or
certificates Issued hereunder or from
said Gross Receipts Taxes deposited
in said Capitol Outlay Fund.
S(e No capitol outlay project or
any part thereof shall be financed
hereunder unless the bill authorizing
such protect. shall, specify it Is fi-
nanced hereunder and shall be ap-
proved by a vote of three-fifths of the
elected members of each house.
Note.-Section 16 of Art. IX of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended,
reads as follows:
SECTION 16. Board of administra-
-tion; gasoline and like taxes, dis-
tribution and use; etc.-
(a) That beginning January 1st,
1943, and for fifty (50) years there-
after, the proceeds of two/(2c) cents
per gallon of the total tax levied by
state low upon gasoline and other
like products of petroleum, now
known as the'Second Gas Tax, and
upon other fuels used to propel motor
vehicles, shall as collected be placed
monthly in the 'State Roads Distribu-
tion Fund' in the State hTreasury and
divided into three (3) equal parts
which-shall be distributed monthly
among the several counties as fol-
lows: one part according to area, one
part according to population, and one
port according to the counties' con-
tributions to the cost of state road
construction In the ratio of distribu-
tion as provided in Chapter 15659,
Laws of Florida, Acts of 1931, and for
the purposes of the apportionment
based on the counties' contributions
for the cost of state road construc-.
lion, the amount of the contributions
established by the certificates made
in 1931 pursuant to said Chapter
156s9, shall be taken and deemed
conclusive in computing the monthly
amounts distributable according to
said contributions, Such funds so dis-
tributed shall be administered bv the
S tote Board, of Administralion as
o he efler provided o
Ibl The Governor as chairman, the
Stale Treasurer, and the Slate Comp-
troller shall constitute a body carpor-
ate Ia be known as the Slale Board
of Administration,' which board shall
succeed to all the power, control and
authority of the statutory Board of
Administration. Said Board shall
have, in addition to such powers as
may be conferred upon it by law, the
management, control and supervi-
sion of the proceeds of said two
(2c) cents of said taxes and all mon-
eys and other assets which on the ef-
fective date of this amendment are
applicable or may become applicable
to the bonds of the several counties
of this state, or any special road and
bridge district, or other special- tax-
ing district thereof, issued prior to
July .1st, 1931, for road and bridge
purposes. The word 'bonds' as used
herein shall include bonds, time war-
rants, notes and other forms of in-
debtedness issued for' road and
bridge purposes by any county or
special road and bridge district or
other' special taxing district, out-
standing on July 1st, 1931, or any
refunding issues thereof. Said Board
shall have the statutory powers of
Boards of County Commissioners
and Bond Trustees and of any other
authority of special road and bridge
districts, and other special taxing
districts thereof with regard to said
bonds, (except that the power, to levy
@ad valorem taxes is expressly with-
held from said Board), and shall take
over all papers, documents and
records concerning the same.. Soaid
Board shall have the power from
time to time to issue refunding bonds
"to mature within the said fifty (50)
year period, for any of said outstand-
ing bonds or interest thereon, and to
secure them by a pledge of anticipat-
ed-receipts from such gasoline or
other fuel taxes to be distributed to
such county as herein provided, but
not at a greater rate of interest than
said bonds now bear; and to issue,
sell or exchange on behalf of any
county br unit for the sole purpose of
retiring said bonds issued by such
county, or special rood and bridge
district, or other special taxing dis-
trict thereof, gasoline or other fuel
tax anticipation certificates bearing
interest at not more than three (3)
per cent per annum in such denomin-
ations and maturing at such time
within the fifty (50) year period as
the board may determine. In addition
to exercising the powers now provid-
ed by statute for the investment of ,
sinking funds, said Board may use
the sinking funds created for said
bonds of any county or special road
and bridge district, or other unit
hereunder, to purchase the matured
or maturing bands participating
herein of any other county or any
other special road. and bridge dis-
trict, or other special taxing district
thereof, provided that as to said ma-
tured bonds, the value thereof as an
investment shall be the price paid
therefore, which shall not exceed the
par value plus accrued interest, and
that said investment shall bear inter-
est at the rate of three (3) per cent
per annum.
(c) The said board shall annually
use said funds in each county ac-
count, first, to pay current principal
and interest maturing, if any, of said
bonds and gasoline or other fuel tax
anticipation certificates of such coun,
ty or special road and bridge district,
or other special taxing district there-
of; second, to establish a sinking
fund account to meet future require-
ments of said bands and gasoline or
other fuel tax anticipation cer-
tificates where it appears the an-
ticipated income for any year or
years will not equal scheduled
payments thereon; and third, any
remaining balance out of the
proceeds of said two (2c) cents of
said taxes shall monthly during the
year be remitted by said board as
follows: Eighty (80%) per cent to the
State Road Department for the con-
struction or reconstruction of state
roads and bridges within the county,
or for the lease or purchase of


bridges connecting state highways
within the county, and twenty (20%)
per cent to the Board of County Com-
missioners of such county for use on
roads and bridges therein.
(d) Solaid board shall have the
power to make and enforce all rules
and regulations necessary to the full
exercise of the powers hereby grant-
ed -and no legislation shall be
required to render this amendment
-of full force and operating effect
from and after January 1st, 1943. The
Legislature shall continue the levies
of said taxes during the life of this
Amendment, and shall not enact any
law having the effect of withdrawing
the proceeds of said two (2c) cents of
sold taxes from the operation of this
amendment. The board shall pay
refunding expenses and other ex-
penses .for services rendered
specifically for, or which are proper-
ly chargeable to, the account of any
county from funds distributed to such
county; but general expenses.of the
board for services rendered all the
counties alike shall be prorated
omong them and paid out of said
funds .on the same basis solaid tax
proceeds are distributed among the


several counties; provided, report of
said expenses shall be made to each
Regular Session of the Legislature,
and the Legislature may limit the ex-
penses of the board.
Note.-Prior to its amendment by.
H.J.R. 3576, subsection (d) read as
follows:
(d) SCHOOL BONDS.' Article XII,
Section 18, of the Constitution of 1885,
as amended, as it existed immediate-
ly before this revision becomes effec-
tive is adopted by this reference as
-port of this revision as completely as
though incorporated herein verba-
tim, except bonds or tax anticipation
certificates hereafter issued there-
under may bear interest not in
excess of five per cent per annum or
such higher interest as may be auth-
orized by statute passed by a three-
fifths vote of each house of the legis-
. lature. Bonds issued pursuant to this
subsection (d) shall be payable
primarily from revenues as provided
in Article XII, Section 18, of the Con-
stitution of 1885, as amended, and if
authorized by law, may be addition-
aloly secured by pledging the full faith
and credit of the state without an
election. When authorized by law,
bonds issued pursuant to Article XII,
Section 18, of the Constitution of 1885,
as amended, and bonds issued pur-
suant to this subsection (d), may be
refunded by the issuance of bands
additionally secured by the full faith
and credit of the state only at a lower
net average interest cost rate.
Note.-Section 18, Art. XII of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended,
reads as follows:.
SECTION 18. School bonds for
capital outlay, issuance.-
(a) Beginning January 1, 1965 and
for thirty-five years thereafter, the
,first proceeds of the revenues de-
rived from the licensing of motor
vehicles to the extent necessary to
comply with the provisions of this
amendment, shall, as collected, be
placed monthly in the county capital
outlay and debt service school fund
in the state treasury, and used only
as provided in this amendment. Such
revenue shall be distributed annually
among the several counties in the ro-
tio of the number of instruction units
in each county in each year comput-
ed as provided herein. The amount of
the first revenues derived from the
licensing of motor vehicles to be so
set aside In each year and distribu-
ted as provided herein shall be an,
amount equal in the aggregate to the
product of four hundred dollars mul-
tiplied by the total number of instruc-
tion units in all the counties of Flor-
idao The number of instruction units
in each county in each year for the
purposes of this amendment shall be
'the greater of (1) the number of in-
struction units in each county for the
School fiscal year 1951-52 computed
in the manner heretofore provided
by general low, or (2) the number of
instruction units in such county for
the school fiscal year computed in
the manner heretofore or hereafter
provided 'by general law 'and ap-
proved by the state board of educa-
tion (hereinafter called the state
board), or (3) the number of Instruc-
tion units in each county on.behalf of
which the state board of education
has issued bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates under
this amendment which will produce
sufficient revenues under d this
amendment to equal one and one-
third times the aggregate amount of
principal of and interest on such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates which will mature
and become due in such year, com-
puted ini the manner heretofore or
hereafter provided by general law
and approved by the state board.
Such funds so distributed shall be
administered by the state board as
now created ond constituted by Sec-
tion 3 of Article XII [now s. 2, Article
IXI of the Constitution of Florida. for
the purposes of this amendment, said
slate board, as now constituted, shall
continue as a body corporate during
the life of this amendment and shall
have all the powers provided.in this
amendment in addition to all other
.constitutional and statutory powers
related to the purposes of this
amendment heretofore or hereafter
;conferred upon said board. b
(b) The state board shall, in addi-
tion to its other constitutional and
statutory powers, have the man-
Sagement, control and supervision of
the proceeds of the first part of the
revenues derived from the ,licensing
of motor vehicles provided for in sub-
section (a). The state board shall
also have power, for the purpose of
obtaining funds for the use of any
county board of public instruction in
acquiring, building, constructing, al-
tering, improving, enlarging, furnish-
ing, or equipping capital outlay
protects for school purposes, to issue
bands or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
;t.nipn certificatps,,;fn.%oaso;,,to' issue
suchan bonds or motor vehicle tax n-
ticipation certificates to pay, fund or
refund any bands or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates there-
tofore issued by sald state board. All
such bonds shall bear interest at not
exceeding four and one-half per cen-
tumrn per annum and 'shall mature
serially in annual installments com-
mencing not more than three years
from the date of issuance thereof and
ending -not later than thirty years,
from the date of issuance or January
1, 2000, A.D., whichever is earlier. All
such motor vehicle tax anticipation
certificates shall bear interest at not
exceeding four and one-half per cen-
turn perannum annum and shall mature
prior to January 1; 2000, A.D. The
state board shall have power to de-
termine' all other *details' of said
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates and to sell at public
sale after, public advertisement, or
exchange said bonds or motor ve-
hicle tax anticipation certificates,
upon such terms and conditions as
the state board shall provide.
The state. board shall also have
power to pledge for the payment of
the principal of and interest on such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, including refunding
bonds or refunding motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates all or any
part from the anticipated revenues to
be derived from the licensing of mo-
tor vehicles provided for in this
amendment and to enter into any
covenants and other agreements
with the holders of such bonds or.mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates at the time of the Issuance
thereof concerning the security
thereof and the rights of the holders
thereof, all of which covenants and
agreements, shah ll constitute legally
binding and irrevocable contracts
with such holders and shall be fully
enforceable by such holders in. any
court of competent jurisdiction.
No such bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates shall ever be
issued by the state board until after
the adoption -of a resolution request-
ing the issuance thereof by the coun-
ty board of public instruction of the
county on behalf of which such ob-
ligations are to be issued. The state
board of education shall' limit the
amount of such bands or motor ve-
hicle tax anticipation certificates
which can be issued on behalf of any
county to seventy-five per cent of the
amount which it determines can be
serviced by the revenue accruing to
the county under the provisions of
this amendment, and such determin-
ation shall be conclusive. All such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates shall be issued In the
name of the state board of education
but shall be issued for and on behalf
of the county board of public instruc-
tion requesting the issuance thereof,
and no election or approval of
qualified electors or freeholders shall
be required for the issuance thereof.
(c) The State Board shall in each
year use the" funds distributable pur-
suant -to this Amendment to the
credit of each county only in the fol-
lowing manner and order of priority:
(1) To pay all amounts of principal
and interest maturing In such year
on any bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates issued under
the authority hereof. Including
refunding bands or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates, issued on
behalf of the Board of Public Instruc-
tion of such county; subject, how-
ever, to any covenants or
agreements mode by the State Board
concerning the rights between
holders of different issues of such
bands or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, as herein author-
ized.
(2) To establish and maintain a
sinking fund or funds to meet future
requirements for debt service, or re-
serves therefore, on bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
issued on behalf of the Board of Pub- -
lic Instruction of such county, under
the authority hereof, whenever the
State Board shall deem it necessary
or advisable, and in such amounts


and under such terms and conditions
as the State Board shall in its discre-
tion deter in
(3) To distribute annually to the
several Boards of Public Instruction
of the counties for use in payment of
debt service on bonds heretofore or
hereafter issued by any such Board
where the proceeds of the bonds
were used, or are to be used, in the
construction, acquisition, . im-
provement, enlargement, furnishing,
or equipping of capital outlay
projects in such county, and which
capital outlay protects have been ap-
proved by the Board of Public In-
struction of the county, pursuant to a
survey or surveys conducted sub-
sequent to July 1, 1947 in the county,
under regulations prescribed by the
State Board to determine the capital
outlay needs of the county.
eWs e'Sta'e Board shall have power
at the time of issuance of any bonds
by any Board of Public Instruction to
covenant and agree with such Board
as to the rank and priority of
payments to be made for different is-
sues of bonds under this Subsection


--SE T t4-ION 5- Spe.l- dl-str 4t oee-.
Ad--voler-em-.tfeine-power--,vested--by-
ohles-r-eele--be-om e-eftcetlve-s hee
net-b abrooted--by--Seet-ions-.9->--ea.
Af-Ile4e-V44--here,-but s-- e--pewers,
e eepl-te -4he-ex-e.R-t--neesey.tf-peO-N
oysfond4n-deb1s,-�my-4e--Fes!trlced-
of-withdrawF-by-4ow.
---SEG-T-itGN- -ReorBon0-Zet4en,.-Te-.
reqtjlreme#- -e-Soee4on - .--Ar4te4e--t V-
eo--4is--Fev sion-,she"--not-epollv-. ,lJ
du4y-4-- 9.
---E-E-T-tN--4--ON N-Gficng-P -ov-
elons.-Thisse4ledtle-4-s-desieed-4e-It-
feel--the-order4y--tronsilono."-oever-n-
me4-from-44.e-CootAtvtlon-of-488,-os-
omeed,--toe--his--revision.-enl-she-
GeGtRol--e.o---l-.-eases-- e#-.eentfloI--wifth-
a-"pet-of-ArAftiele-4-4ho9h-4Vi-V4,

REVISION NO.2
REVISION OF ARTICLE 1,.2
DECLARATION OF RIGHTS (SEX)
ARTICLE I
DECLARATION OF RIGHTS
SECTION 2. Basic rights. - All na-
tural persons are equal before the
laow and have inalienable rights,


(14 The commission shall prepare
a plan that s equitable to all elecors
In repairing a plan, the commissoron
shal not use demographic informa-
tion or information about incumbent


ing any political ry, incumbent
legislator, or any other person or
S-E-No district shall be drawn for
the purpose of diluting the voting
strength of any language or racial
minority group r

after the submission of n apportion-
ment in by the commission, te At
torney Genershall petition the su-
preme court f the state for a Ie
declaratory judgment fterminang
validity pportionmen t plan.
Ine supreme court, in accordance
with its rules, sholl permitadversnr
Ineress to present their vewsn
win 60 ays from' the ilng one
Pelon, soa enter it lu gmen
ShouId he supreme court ceermine
the apportionment p'an TO be Invalid
in whole or in port, the governor
shall reconvene the commission
which shall, within 34 days, adopt an


* (3), and may further agree that any
amounts to be distributed under this
Subsection (3) may be pledged for
the debt service on bonds issued by
any Board of Public Instruction and
for the rank and priority of such
pledge. Any such covenants or
agreements of the State Board may
be enforced by any holders of such
bonds in any court of competent lur-
Isdiction.
(4) To distribute annually to the
several Boards of Public Instruction
of the counties for the payment of the
cost of the construction, acquisition,
improvement, enlargement, furnish-
ing, or equipping of capital outlay
projects for school purposes in such
county as shall be requested by res-
olution of the County Board of Public
Instruction of such county.
(5) When all malor capitol outlay
needs of a county have been met as
determined by the State Board, on
the basis of a survey mode pursuant
to regulations of the State Board and
approved by the State Board, all
such funds remaining shall be dis-
tributed annually and used for such
school purposes in such county as
the Board of Public Instruction of the
county shall determine, or as may be
provided by general law.
(d) Capital outlay projects of a
county shall be eligible to participate
in . the funds accruing under this
Amendment and derived from the
proceeds of bonds and motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates and from
the motor vehicle license taxes, only
in the order of priority of needs, as
shown by a survey or surveys con-
ducted in the county under regula-
tions prescribed by the, State Board, to
determine the capital outlay needs of
the county and approved by the State
Board; provided, that the priority of
'such projects may be changed from
time to time upon the request of the
Board of Public Instruction of the
county and with the approval of the
State Board; and provided further,
that this Subsection (d) shall not in
any manner affect any covenant.
agreement, or pledge made by the
State Board in the issuance by said
State Board of any bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates,
or in connection with the Issuance of
any bonds of any Board-of Public In-
struction of any county.
(et The State Board may Invest
any sinking, fund or funds created
pursuant to this Amendment in direct
obligations of the United States of
America or in the bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates,
matured or to mature, issued by the
State Board on behalf of the Board of
Public Instruction of any county.
(f) The State Board shall have
power to make and enforce all rules
and regulations necessary to the full
exercise of the powers herein grant-
ed and 'no legislation shall be
required to render this Amendment
of full force and operating effect
from and ofter January 1, 1953. The
Legislature shall not reduce the
levies of said motor vehicle license
taxes during the life of this Amend-
ment to any degree which will fall to
provide the full amount necessary to
comply with the provisions' of this
Amendment and pay the necessary
expenses of administering them lows
relating to the licensing of motor
vehicles, and shall not enact any low
having the effect of withdrawing the
proceeds of such - motor vehicle
license taxes from the operation of
this Amendment and shall not enact
any low impairing or materially al-
tering the rights of the holders of any
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipo-
tion certificates issued pursuant to
this Amendment or impairing or al-
tering any covenant or agreement of
the-State Board, as-provided in such
bonds or motor vehicle tx anticipa-
tion certificates.
The State Board shall have power
to appoint such persons and fix their
compensation for the administration
of the provisions of this Amendment
as it shall deem necessary, and the
expenses of the State Board in ad-
ministering the provisions of this
Amendment shall be prorated among
the various counties and paid out of
the proceeds of the bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
or from the funds distributable to
each county on the same basis as
such motor vehicle license taxes are
distributable to the various counties
under the provisions of this Amend-
ment. Interest or profit on sinking
fund investments shall accrue to the
counties in proportion to their re-
spective equities in 'the sinking fund
or funds. I
Note.-Prior to Its amendment by
C.S. for H.J.R. 2289 and H.J.R. 2984,
1974, subsection (a) read as follows:
(a) ADDITIONAL SECURITIES.
Article IX, Section 17, of the Constitu-
tion of 1885, as amended; as it existed
immediately before this Constitution,
as revised in 1968, became effective,
is adopted by this reference as a part
of this revision as completely as
though incorporated herein verba-
tim, except revenue bonds, revenue
certificates or other evidences of in-
debtedness hereafter issued there-
under may be issued by the agency
of the state so authorized by law.
Article XI, Section 19, of the Con-
stitution of 1885, as amended, as it
existed immedeimmediately before this revi-
sion becomes effective, is adopted by
this reference as a part of this revi-
sion as completely as though incor-
porated herein verbatim, except
bonds or tax anticipation certificates
hereafter issued thereunder may
bear. interest not in excess of five
percent (5%) per annum or such.
higher interest as may be authorized
by statute passed by a three-fifths
(3/5) vote of each house of the legis-
lature. No revenue bonds or tax an-
ticipation certificates shall be issued
pursuant thereto after June 30, 1975. ,
--- e-T-N -.-PiFeservaetionof -est-
in -gevefr snt,- Al-IPrOvlelos-ef--Ar-
tieles-----th-eughh----I,-VI---onad-4X-
thrfeugh--, -X -e -the--G e tlstutine-9f
485---es-- amended --n et--embroeeec
hereW--whea-c-ore---ntto ---ifceasistec-
wth -4hi-revision -hell-- beoeme--ste-
tutes----s 4c---te- - --medifcotloet--er-
See-table- - this -vume-t-eeinge-vor-
IOus-- povesos-eft-the-C-onStitiOn-f-4-
4-g5--es-emended, inle--the-F-lEfldG
Statutes-.
--SEGT-iON-4-1--Deletioena -o-obsohete-
sehedue- i#ems,--T4he-legiasleatke-shell-
hee--swur-4e - ,i--resMo-nleoi--u4-
de'lee-from-h-rvisieri aoye-sseetle
S--44iee4rslbe- WHeluA d--4hglel.s-e-
oft,-o-whev--el4-events-te-whic--t4he-
seetIof--te---be---de4eted-i---er---eoi4d-
beome-oppgeebte-lhove-o-eur-Fe.-A,
leslslotive--- ieergmien ----e+----t9e
mode--ee--e-besis--4eV-- applleattetft-4
thi --section --shol I-- e- -subloet- ---4e.
ludleiel-�ev-iew.

SECTION 10. The attorney general
r. n the event the revision to Article
i Section 4 aoisin the c net,
is adopted, the chieA s ate legal of-
tfcer or other officer designated by
law, shall transmit to the legisloure
Prior to the beginning of each legisla-
uvbsessiona s ist ot sections Mha
may be deleted from trhims aice
ecu s e TO which e sec-

etio or suaseeions hv
e ve oc ed.
s SECTION ma1 , am tevnt revl-
Sor s slatciv
noion ac made as a -
stor apptaterinot ts second sal
Srev ew n e
supreme court.
SECTION 11. In the event a revi-
that eliminates a subsection or sec-
tion. o fO o any other reason requires
s technical renumbering, the secre-



S EC-T- iN - -12- -Sentorsi - - The-r-c-





tiowmehe.--The-r-equir-ements.-e4-4eeis-
lative-o-ertionee'.nt--ik-Seetlion--6-et-
only--to---he-appertionment--of--the


---SE-T- QN----4.- -- e-c-en-lves,-
t'.r-een-- e -e olo t-g-4te--e4 ftk-s-
floft-of--h~reyelofsn4- y-iewt-- cr-esel
14eftr-shei4--prepese-4e- -the..eleetore-et.
the -ete-tc for--rotifction-or--rc+cctie
in--fe-- germI-e4eet4et--of-49M-e
t5-e4br-of--4he--eensfitutlen. -pravi41n�

fives-.


ment commission, Is not adopted. the
words "the attorney aenero sholl
be deeed rom tho section ong h
Phrase "oficer designated by lowy
Pand- .Snoii De substituted on Ing et:
tective cote ot the revision TO Article
* V ection 4
ie) The responsibility for settling
and approving accounts of the state
sholl be assigned by law to an officer
who of he c i sca oaticer re
sponsible for disbursing state funds
and keep ng securies '
(t) kxcepx s otherwise provided.
n ths constitution, rIsfn? as tMrnded
tIons 1(g)., �4. 5. , cian 6.o o rT.
lend ncornrthis scdherein shell be et-
fective on January 4, MI.
(g) The state board of odministra-
Ion Provided for In drice .rin Sec
Ion a ofte cons iu "oio ?6on
n Article I. Sction I6 ofW -heosTl
lution ot 1085. as amended. and in-
corporate herein by reference, shall
consist of sucn successor agency
dot Vresignated by lo.
(h) Any reference to_ comptroller in
te constlutlon oa 15. as amen 0a
nd incorporo ed heren by rE90e0r,
en~hl megpn the chief ict t
fleer' repnsbibl tofrlior dsuSungch.t
tunas onkepng secufle 9 - --
other officer designated Dy low.


among which are the right to enloy
and defend life and liberty, to pursue
happiness, to be rewarded for in-
dustry, and to acquire, possess and
protect propeLty; except that the
ownership. Inheritance, disposition
and possession of real property by
aliens ineligible for citizenship may
be regulated or prohibited by law. No
person shall be deprived of any right
because of race, religion, iq or
physical handicap.
REVISION NO. 3
REVISION OF ARTICLE III11, 16
LEGISLATIVE (SINGLE-MEMBER
DISTRICTS AND
REAPPORTIONMENT
COMMISSION)
ARTICLE Ill
LEGISLATURE .
SEC-TtON--16,--e9gis4etive--eppoF-
S(0)- SEN ATO RAL--AND--RE PR E-
ETA-T4Ve-M-&TRI�-T.--The-4egi5-
tAure-ot--4-ifregulr --sesslon-in-4-e-
second r- llo ecwino de
eensuesri--l -t4-Fesoluon -shot-P-
peet4ot-4e-state-4-ieeordonefe--wtilh
the-6ense.lluoen -f- the-statend-e4-e
United-States-mIte- et-4ess-t0ho-thlr4-y
ner-meeo---the--for4y -eanseutiyveltv
ongbered-.---seater4el----dils4ets,--e4
eit$h-eent4gue9sWr--everlepping-or-
idenMetl--teri4ffyr-ei~d- -int-not--less-
tet---eighty--nor--mere-.-t-en--ne-
hu-ndret-4w-n uffveenseeus~--4enm-
befe ----e.ogsesetive----dls4ete- --o-
i efeft5o--4rteitury-.-Sh1o4-4lew.-5es-
sien---rtse -Fn-- wthe--gwer.w---4u-y-
Pfrele Neeo--*tel---. t re evienr---the-
le94esfioe---wM0iNPi--*4-44i--days----4o-
spe-le-opegftionmeR4n -esson--whW4:-
she --et-- --eed---tlr--eansec-vive-
deys,-du --ng whleh--no -other-bus ness
shol--be-FIseeer --el-H4--sholl-be-
the-mendeW-ter-y--dutyf-e.4e91staw-e-
to-adop-e-lol-t- FesolUiUFn-o�f-a-eer-
-<....AH 4 W.Ee-F--e� T-G-APPGRT+1:ON-4WI t f4AL---AP-
P4R-T4NMEN-T--.fi---4he---eve'nt --*
sec-ie-e-oppeltionf'ment--ssesslof-of--the-
oleglotur--i*thei--odleuros--wi-4hcle-
adopti - -e-Wf#-.eelstleut--of- por-
t oeme .-the-attertee,-;e eeheol:,
within e doy--Pe-t le f e- u pfefm-
eetf4-ePmne-t-toe-4te-mhke--s4he--se-
fieth-do, tffer-4he-4Nt1 1e4sekpet!
tlo,-the-5upreme- tf e-seer r-,y-e-ttee-o--order--m4-e
lnt-sgeh-appeIfioqnmen.
--- +--U.JIG+AL-REVtEW-OF--AP-
PQR-T40t4NMENT-.-W#thln-4teen-devs-
oftter-the-psoeege-4e-4he--toef-reele-u
t4on--e-4ower4fienmet,--the-eattoeney-
geenrol -shotil--ett4e n--4e- -suPreme
ee4-e-.-te--stete-0for--a-deelore(-y-
iudgment det 6 r ini -, the validty -0
the---appete4inme-...--TThe- 4 supreme.
eeb4t,-ft-eeeldemce--wlh --ut--ries,-
she4i- -PermI--edverwrv--4mterests-4e-
present-t4er-vews-ed-wHhift-itht4y-
da"ys-frem--the-4-A -e--o 4te--pel-e4r-
sheWentrI-44s- tudoment
--<...-EFP=E.T-OF-JUDGMET--4N-
APPORT4NME N-Tr-E-XRAGRM N-
ARW�-APPG0T4GNME*T--6SS4ON-.
the-state -.deterf,4n* --4he--oppor4,ieo-
ume--et--tbe--tzens--so--thbe--be4nen-
6hed--ho-sur.eme-eevurf-detefmiie-
thot- the apper4oeent-mede-bv-4he-
Jle eloture-4. - d-invM-e--eqve-rer-4y-
prelmae n---she4t---reeefwene---he-
legeiloture---within---ve---dayse--4 here-
ofter-4o-ex4foerdene4y-tppeftonfefit-
sess loF-whieh-she44-fet-eMe�ed.41fteen-
deyse--der-ins---whe-h--te--eqisle4w-e-
shegH-ode4t-a-ioin- Fresolutlen -of-ep-
pelonment-oeenfer-emlFn -to-4h-e--lud-
-meft-ofe-4te-suprFeme-eoewi4-
T-I ON-M N.T-6E-S6-N,-�-6-V+EW--QF-
APPG;TONMEN-T--- -Wthi --4Hteen-
deys-e -,�he-edi ou;r n.moentt-.-of-et-e-x-
tr-eweaor-y--flor-fionmeft---essien-
the-CttorNi 6eLener-ei--satIv-e- anPed
tlow-in-the-souremea-eer -of-he-sele
sexnt--4eprh--the-,-e per4lonm wfit--e-
se-by9-4te--4-he---t e.sero-
of- none-eMs-beeGdOtN*ed-e- er-Nn-
thot- -eel -t-he--eeft-C-n5ldfor ,
of-the-vyteW 4-ot-o-4e4nt-Fesolutle -o.f-
owf-tle hents---sha44---be---4i<----os-
prevkdeder-4en-eeses- of-sueh- ent-re-
sef4tiedo-- edepeo---I-e-oerlster---a-
spec-e.-epaiFti sww--nt-e�.ei
--) JU--- DICAL----- R-APP RTN-
MEN-T-4huld-eanl-enoe FdInef 'y-n-e-
petionme#,t--,es.ei4on t-e--oade*--e
rtse nt e-esentaltment-dr-sltri
the-s5rreme-eeer4-detefmlne.ta--the-
,pper4enflment--4ede-,s--kvo4r,-the-
eeurt shalle-ne-toter-4hen si- ty-deys.
otter--eeetvtn-4he-petmtton-oef-4he-et-
y--e4-Mte -n odermking-uw*
oppetitsomenh-
SECTION 16. Legislative and
cnr on, rea p oronmen.-

MDATE. In each year endign one,
the state shall be divided InoaO:
many congressional districts as
there are United States Representa-
tives apportioned to the state; not
less than thirty or more than tortY
senate distrlcts;'s, and not less than
eighty or more than one hundred and
etwentyrepresentatie districts.Allu
Tegislativeidlstricts shall be single-
member districts.
(b) REAPPORTIONMENT COM-
MISSION. In each year ending in
zero and at any other time of ecourt-
ordered reopportilonment. oa commis-
sion shall be established to prepare a
reapportionment plan Ior congres-
sional and state legislative districts.
The commission shall consist of
seven electors, none at whom may be
electedpublic or arty officer s or
employees of the ste egslature.
The president of the senate, the
speaker of the house of reresenao-
ives, the minority l eaer o te sen-
ae. roe mnoro e lasdera ot the house
of representatives, an carer-
S 0hon e pon caoar tvrwy dc
received the second highest vote in
tre lost gubernatal election shall
each ubmit to the governor and
make Public list of not less than
three Persons. By Jui 1 of the same
year the governor shall appoint one
person trom each list and one addi-
tionalpersoer n. Within thirty days
after the appointments have een
mide. the six. commissioners shall
select by a vote of at least four com-
missioners seventh commissioner
who shon serve as chairperson.
Failure t select the seventh commis-







,gcarryoutu s u es. ow
cosmadpowers a A e commission.
he legislature shall appropriate
unds to enable the commission to



- congressional districts and

pectve house shall be as nearly
equal in p ovulation ms Is practicable,
based on He population reported Ino
the federal census taken eoc year
endin n. zero. In no case sha a
congressional district nave a populeo
aon whch varies b0 more thc on.e
percent trom the average population
S all congressional districts In the
state. In no case shal a sIngle stale
alegisa ve district have a populeations


which varies by more than I ve per-
cent tram the overage population of
oil districts of a house. In no case
shall the average no the absolute
es t iondeva ons i












aldisict o elective house
the average population of oal dis-
tricts. An apulatnIon varince must


irtilnment plan conforming to
judgment om the supreme court.
A revised plan shall be subject to
dicial review by the supreme court
n the same manner as the original
Schedule to Article III, Section
16.-The first election pursuant to
th portionment hall be held at
the general election in 19a 2
REVISION NO. 4
REVISIONOF ARTICLE IV,
l(g), 3,4,5, 6, 8(a);
ARTICLE Xl, 12
EXECUTIVE (CABINET)
ARTICLE IV
* EXECUTIVE
SSECTION 1. Governor.-
(a) The governor, acting Lointly
with at least one oicer as may be
Provided by law, shall be responsible
NT the investment and reinvest-
ment of all trust and agency funds
and for making purchases, sales or
exchanges for and on behalf of such
funds, subject to any limitations of a
trust agreement relating to a trust
fund or as provided by low;
(2) bonddebt service man-
agement, approving the issuance or
refunding of bonds and any other
functions relating thereto as provid-
ed b low
3) the purchasing selling, leasing,
transferring or otherwise disposing
of all state lands as provided by law.
SECTION 3. Succession to office of
governor; acting governor.-
(a) Upon vacancy in the office of
governor, the lieutenant governor.
shall become governor. Further
succession to the office of governor
shall be prescribed by law. A succes-
sor shall serve for the remainder of
the term.
(b) Upon impeachment of, the
governor and until completion of trial
thereof, or during his physical or
mental incapacity, the lieutenant
governor shall act as governor.
Further succession as acting gover-
nor shall be prescribed by law. In-
capacity to serve as governors
be determined by the supreme court
in o manner prescribed by law. tn-
eeee- -t-e --ser-ve-os-e-avor-fffe--Am.y.
be-deeo-mned--v-tshe--sueme -eou4
upo--due notee-of4er--dee4ietng-of-4e
written--suggeestein-theFeel-bv---euf-
ceb~iet--member-s--end-n--sueh--ese,
reste oilon----of-e-----se!-s --be-
sl'rtoy--ete minet-ftef- deeloi
Of-wr 4*e-s-ggeson--theree-bv-4he-
govrnor-r-e--4eleitre--o- ---t-
eeainet----member. Incapacity to
serve as governor may also be es-
tablished by certificate filed with
such officer provided by law the-see-
rtr-y--ef--stete--by the governor de-
claring his incapacity for physical
reasons to serve as governor, and in
such case restoration of' capacity
shall be similarly established.
SEC-TION-4,-Cabinet.
---4o--T-here--shll--be--o-eeoblet--eefi--
posed-of---seaeftor-y--e-steter-�an-.t--
teroe4-- -goer.r---- --e--ompr-fer,--.
reeoelute-e--ond-e----commissener-e4
edleoalelo.-4t--oddl4ien -to -the-- Pewer-s
ofnd--.dles- --speeiked---hereen,,---they-
shail.-exr-�4,se---.pewers-and-.,er-
frm--suh-e d hes--se-- -be---e--
ser4bed-by--lew.
--...4..-T-he-- seetry--0--S#-te--she -
keep-4he--recFFded-of-4heW--offkie4-oet
eof --.s4e-- leoe --i-ed---executive-


-(-44+-T.e-Eomt pre4ler--sheal-eeve-oes
he.--�the'f--eis#e--fie-w---4evesa--ee,
ee-tse-egetsest-Ihe-stete.
--.e+--te--treeuer.-shoi-eep--e4-
st re- eunds-nd --securltle -He-- ell
daisurf--stte- ftcd ts-eonty--ofen--the
orde--e--4he--- eomptrelerr--esewtter-
no c-- alt e-w eero e r-a-me te.-
duh'-smsec4-eo-efigne-tobnendteusf-r
--- 5.g)--- T-he-geveri�er-T--o +- gover-
ture--shael--rlve-lueewvisond- i --mrt-
ters-per4ce rng-4e-.-o icu4e e-e*eeP#n
sen th- maner prded-b by-la w..
--na -T4c4-4omm4le e er- of educatioen
soanit-supeYoiet-4he-pubr education
systeft-n-4-the-monner--presefibed--by
tow.
SECTION 5. Election of governor,
and lieutenant governor; and-cabinet
member-s quolifIcotions; terms.-
(a) At a state-wide general election
in each calendar year the number of
which is even but not a multiple of
four, the electors shall choose o
governor and a lieutenant governor
an4-me- ber-s-f-.hoblw-oseet tean for
a term of four years beginning on the
first Tuesday after the first Monday
in January of the succeeding year. In
the general election and in party
primaries, if held, all candidates for
the offices of governor and lieutenant
governor shall form toint candidacies
in a, manner prescribed by law so
That each voter shall 'cat. a o single
vote for o! candidate for. '_gvertdor
and a candidate for lieutenant gover-
nor running together.
(b) When elected, the governor,
and lieutenant governor and each
editei-- ember--must shall each be
an elector not less thanoflirty years
of age who has resided in the state
for the preceding seven years. The
chief state Iegal officer atterney-gen-
ea must hove been a member of the
bar of Florida for the preceding five
years. No person who has, or but for
resignation would hove, served as
governor or acting governor for
more than six years in two consecu-
tive terms shall be elected governor
for the succeeding term.
SECTION 6. Executive depart-
ments.-All functions of the executive
branch of state government shall be
allotted among not more than twenty-
, five departments, exclusive of those
specifically provided for or author-
ized in this constitution. The adminis-
tration of each department, unless
otherwise provided in this constitu-
tion, shall be placed by law under the
direct supervision of the governor,
the lieutenant governor, the-gevernor
enR-eabtne4r--e-ebi-net -member, or
an officer or board appointed appointed by and
serving at the pleasure of the gover-
nor, except:
. (a) When provided by law, confir-
mation by the senate oF-the-approval
of-three-mewe*er-s-e-4he-eeabinet shall
be required for appointment to or
removal from any designated statu-
tory office.
(b) Boards authorized to grant and
revoke licenses toengage in regulat-
ed occupations shall be assigned to
appropriate departments and their
members appointed for fixed terms,
subject to removal only for cause.
SECTION 8. Clemency.-
(a) Except in cases ot-treoson-ren
in cases where impeachment results
In conviction the governor may, by
executive order fiwed-wlh-4e--seer-e-
tor-y--e--sater suspend collection of
fines and forfeitures, grant reprieves
not exceeding sixty days andt-with
the -epOrevelot-- thoe -membef&-ef-the-
ee~hanet grant full or conditional par-
dons, restore civil rights, commute
punishment, and remit fines and for-
feitures for offenses.








governor and confirmed by the sen-
ate. They shall serv at the asure
ao Aabinet oft.cnst
rel atin g a redg_


I nte yer. A rnor rnd c













ment comIs ioopted, iso
of Asrtil IX eto ,raigo


(1) Any references to attorn en-
eral in the constitution 2: Th w rds
amended, and Incorporne herein
by reference shell mean the chiet
state legal officer, or such other ot-
Mcrer des aned e y low.
l T ste even ti revidon to Ar



cabet, is opate taed t on the a ae
tohens changes shal bi mae In in









thison s sections t shall teletul-
eW Article phra Section 2 Theswords
cabinet members" n the first sen-








tence shall be substituted.
7 (2)Schedule tAr icle II1 Section
7; Artic e 111, Sect on ;c. Art ice









V. SECTION 2. Revision commis-
tsion 1.-ndArticle X. Sections 2. 3
nd Within thrsey days ecrer thrye ad-
Phrase "such officer designated by
(3) n ent of the revgulasion of Ar-
ticle III. Section 16, relating to aegis-
lative and on oressonal regislatuppore con-
ment is no 1996 ted, then the.plorase
"the secretary ot sTate" inArticleIIIm,
Section shall twbe nti deletedh year
phrase "such officer designated by
law" shall be sbstituted.stablished
Scon Articeuton revision commission
The phrase anmbers:which ioninued









bodycthe speaker of the house tO represen-
tatives and nine members sl be eleted-









by the president of the senate; andsr
3) -our beubthree members select-
ARTICLE XI
AMENDMENTS
SECTION 2. Revision commis-

eda) Wiy thirty days after the supreme






cournment Florida with the guladvice ofniz
tion session of the legislature con-
chairmaned. Vacann 99cies in the member-
opeeted, and each twentieth year
thereafter, the commissioner shall be filestablised



SEach constitution revision commission




commission shall convene at thirty-e call
sevf en chairman, adopt its ruleberss of
) procedure, exa members selecteditution
(2) v nine members selected by

by the president of the senate; and
(3) 444 four three members select-
ed nothe claef justice of the supreme
election, foride with the advice of
(bs The governor shall designate
one member of the commission as its
chairman. Vacancies In the member-
ship of the commission shall be filled
in the same manner as the original *

commission shall convene at the call







REVIts chairman, adopt Its rules ofARTICE V,10
state iAts proposal, if any, of a revi- 3(b) 3


EXECUTIVE (PUBLIC SERVICE
COMMISSION
AND PUBLIC COUNSEL)
ARTICLE IV
EXECUTIVE
SECTION 10. Public service com-
mission and public counsel.-
(a) There shall be a public service
commission, "composed of five
members, pointed by the governor
subject to confirmation by the senate
tor staggered erms tof six years. The
governor snal-fill each vacancy on
Snot fewer than three persons nomin-
a in ernh
ated by a nomnoting commission es-
tablished by law. A commissioner


requirements at members at the
commsson an powers, duties an
odministrotive procedures of the
commission shall be as provided b
general aw. A chairperson shall be
selected b the members of the com-
mission from its membership. se
commission soe re ag the co-
tic utility es as may be provided by
enera a i shall aso regulate
ch entiessmay rovi-
ed by general law. Judicial review at
commission actions shall be taken
directly to the supreme court by cer-
tiorark.
('5 'there shall be an appointed
Public counsel; as Prescribed by law.







llw.w
Twho shall re ovublic service commisent-
ting to matters contained in this sec-
shaon nll beroceed mngsbeor the coblic
mission as pcreatedrescribed by lawheren,
Schedule to Aric service action 10.mmis-
oners elected r in Novemberst 1978en
hla), yedsfrom-its-becoming ,efec-
tive and will become a geneg rl9w
which may thereafter be amended by
Thi The public service commis-
sioner elected in November, 1976
shall become a member of the public
service commission created herein,
and shall serve a term to expire Jan-
uary 1, 1981.
(c) The public service commis-
sioners elected in November





l eerm hall ex-
servie commission created herein
and shall serve terms to expire Jan-
() Terms of the original ap-
intees to the public service com-
Smission shall expire as follows
(1) One member sterm shalex-
(2) One members Term shall ex-
nire on oanuaryess one
he ThIsn section shll become ef-
fective Jdnur y74. 1979. and the a






SECTION 13:Term of office.--
pointments required under this sec-
) No officshall be shall be cr March 1e



term of which shall e uec our



years exept asprovidd h nT
(b termsfo e uf pc oi
nominating commission uners Sone
shas been established by law.
ARTICLE III
LEGISLATURE
SECTION 13: Term of office-
(a) No office shall be created the
term of which shall exceed four
years except a class of provided herein






(b)of appeal to be e great public inter-
decision of any district court of ap-h
peal or of the s exempt from supreme lmcourt on th
same action puestrovidedon of lhatnd any heirnterms
shich uon final judgmexceedent woudix beyears



SECTION 3. Supreme court.-
(b) JURISDICTION-The su-
preme court:
(3) May review by certiorari any
decision of a district court of appeal
that affects a class of constitutional
or state officers, that posses upon a
question certified by a district court
of appeal to be of great public Inter-
est, or that is in direct conflict with a
decision of any district court of ap-
peal or of the supreme court on the
same question of law, and any Inter-
locutory order passing upon a matter

court; ond may issue writs of cer-
tiorari to the m mlblsc quaify formxe-
en or commissions havlxin sthate-
owfice urodiction established by gen-
oer lw -saved -sttewide -r udlsie-



AND 11(a) AND fbi










vote of the electors In the general


Is ineligible or falls to qualify for re-


by the United States and other states.
There shall be exempt from taxation
not less than five thousand dollars
(15,000) of the excess of net Income
subject to tax over the maximum
amount allowed to be credited
against income taxes levied by the
United States and other states.
-.)---4 -FFeGTVe-.A TE--T-hi ee-
Hon-shae-beee pe-eeeme- e-4mmedl-
ate -e o-e*P -eve�-4--the-eleetees












SECTION 6. Homestead exem-by
(Continued on Nex Page)rty


three persons nominated by the ap-
propriate ludicial nominating corn-
mission.
- ,b*---T-he-oevefefm--shotH--fili--eeeh-
veeoney-en----el-eH-eei -er-oor.--o
eeunty---eeur4--bY--,o*elntn--ear'--e ' "
tem ending -.en-t*he-ir-st-Tluesday. -
effte-the-#rstMdey-fl-4sJenur'- ,
ongener-w aleecoftl-ene-of-net-fewe-
thofthr-e Pereee n-fomirnt --by-4he-
e*egwiote-kldie-keiml mot4n*- eem--
mssle -A-otie--s -be-held-4
fW-4.te4-4ludeiol-offiee-4-Mef-t-term-.e-
thei e-4 -t he-eA-4ef4e-

4el Lb) The nominations shall be
made within thirty days from the oc-
currence of a vacancy or from the
acceptance of a resignation by the
governor, whichever is soonerC un-
less the period s extended by the
governor for a time not to exceed
thirty days. The governor shall make
the appointment within sixty days
after the nominations have been cer-
tified to him.
REVISION NO.7
REVISION OF ARTICLE VII;
ARTICLE X,�12(h)
FINANCE AND TAXATION
ARTICLE VII
FINANCE AND TAXATION
SECTION 1. Taxation appropria-
tions; state expenses.-
(a) No tax shall be levied except in
pursuance of law. No state ad valor-
em taxes shall .be levied upon real
estate or tangible personal property.
All other forms of taxation shall be
preempted to the state except as
provided by general low.
(b) Motor vehicles, boats, air-
planes, trailers, trailer coaches and
mobile homes, as defined by law,
shall be subject to a license tax for
their operation in the amounts and
for. the purposes prescribed by law,
but shall not be subject to ad valor-
em taxes.
(c) No money shall be drawn from
the treasury except in pursuance of
appropriation made by law.
.(d) Provision shall be made by law
for raising sufficient revenue to de-
,fray the expenses of the state for
each fiscal period.

SECTION 2. Taxes; rate-AII ad
valorem taxation shall be at a
uniform rate within each taxing unit,
except the taxes on Intangible- per-
sonal property may be at different
rates but shall never exceed two
mills on the dollar of assessed value;
provided, as to any obligations
secured by mortgage, deed of trust,
or other lien on real estate wherever
located, an intangible tax of not more
than two mills on the dollar may be
levied by low to be in lieu of all other
intangible assessments on such ob-
Jigatlons.
SECTION 3. Taxes; exemptions.-
t) All:property owned by a mun-
icipality and held or used exclusively
by It for municipal or public pur-
poses shall be exempt from taxation.
A municipality, owning property out-
side the municipality, may be
required by general law to make
payment to the taxing unit in which
the property is located. Such portions
of property as are used predominate-
ly for educational, literary, scientific,
religious or charitable purposes may
be exempted by general law from
taxation.
(b) There shall be exempt from
taxation, cumulatively, toeveFy-heod
of-e.-foer-4 -d'ng-*4e4d e -kf--s-tete tt
every natural person, household
goods and personal effects to the
value fixed by general low, not less
than one thousand dollars,' and to
every widow or widower or person
who is blind or totally and perman-
ently disabled, property to the value
fixed by general law not less than
five hundred dollars.
(c) All leasehold interests created
rio to Januar 1 1978 in opa rt
owne d v te nited Statesi the seated
S Paor any polit sub oni o mun-
icipality, authority, district aenc
or puc body corporate s
exempt from ad v olorem
when:
o1)eThe leasehold interests were
created pursuant to legislation or
leased agreements which exempted
or which covenanted to exempt, such
leasehold interestsro fm ad valorem
taxes, or which covenanted to indem-
nify or hold harmless the lessee from
any ad valorem taxes levied In re-
spect of the leased premises or
e Property is ease or use
S or es or
ground or water transportation, or Is
lease tor use In connection with
providing services to the public en
gaged in air, ground or water trans-
ration; provided however, no
easehold interest soll e exempt
(2) If, Prior to January 1. 1978, there
shall hve been a voluntary paymen
of ad valorem taxes levied In respect




may be exempted trom ad valorem
pTxrorvide d by -s whn t
osuc e h ease Iante rest.





seo tIrusn e in ou nem with-

d) e exemtion of leasehold sin-
sroperty owned by e nic.Saesa.
e state. or any Political subdVision,er










may be exempte ad v iorem axaon
eroviedin or nothr. comtera roans-
ortatl on whe their or not t or priate
rofSECTIONt or 4. Taxatiron; plc prssess-





mentse for-By general law regulations
securovide lust ervaluation er or not
for Private Profit, to the public en-











y ora valorem taxation, provided:
(e)t Agricultural land or leasehold In-used





creational v purposes may be classi-
shalled be general to and assesse
solelyrvces or the basis of charaonter or
ments.-ByP t general law regular tions




shall be peribsonal property held forall
secure as st valuck in trade and liveropstokof all er
may be for ad valorued f taxation, prov atided:


exclusively n for non-commae, ercianl re-
afied by general leow and assessed









pon estates or neoman caesxaoruon.
solely n on the basis of character or
tortngi ble ponapera opety held foren-








adle as stock In trade and livestock
may be valued for taxtationr at a
specified Puher centage of its value,
roed rs t e e vlup n of his
eorrom ery sImat t b spcie percen-







teds31. 1988. may exc l e roa e as-

ceases idn v e oa t iruo n Ie othe
aeons vertwo yeors providalled tho
dthed stamnt or damage, es tructin,
rdditions to or O elent Ion from tax le














by The Uedsstates i tand or sttes.


of the qualified electors voting on _tettt
Question of retention within theter-
ritorial jurisdiction of the court vote
to retain, the justice or ludge shall be
retained for a term of six years com-
mencing on the first Tuesday after
the first Monday in January follow-
ing the general election. If o majority
of the qualified electors voting on the
question of retention within the terri-
torial urlsdiction of the court vote to
not retain, a vacancy shall exist in
that office upon the expiration of the
term being served by the justice or
iudge.
Tehe-- 4overnor4- -s h flelear--h
~i4-~49eest ecoon yn
vele--of-4he --ue ;ilfd,-loeeteS-W;ll,'A-
"he-Ieff-t ei- sdelr'en OI S F- the-
sodeeve-ehwfeor--tele-o-yeel-The-U
tef4ms-e- -utdges e cuny --eerts-
shall -be eFr- eur- yeers.
SECTION 11. Vacancies.-
(a) The governor shall fill each
vacancy on the supreme court.-wer on
a district court of appeal, on a circuit
court, or on a county court by ap-
pointing, for a term ending on the
first Tuesday after the first Monday
in January of the year following the
next general election occurring at
least one year after the date of ap-
pointment, one of not fewer th.n











tons' .h
4 (d)fEvery person who has the
"* .... legal or eaultoble'yle to real estate
Sand .maintains thereon the permo-
fnr oenceof the owner, or
'legally or nOturally depn-
dent upon the owner, shall be exempt
from taxation thereon, except assess-
t .. mhents for specIal benefits, up to the
* ' Isesed valuation of five thousand
dollars, upoestablshment of right
S thereto In the manner prescribed by
law. The real estate may be hq d by
legal or" e luttoble title, by the entir-
lties, IfIntly, in common, as a con-
dominium, or Indirectly by stock
ownership or membership represent-
ing the owner's or member's proprie-
tary Interest In a corporatiflon owning
a fee or a leasehold Initially in excess
of ninety-eight years.
S (b Not'more than one exemption
shall e allowed any Individual or
family unit or with respect to any re-
sidentlot umit. No exemption shall ex-
ceed the value of the real estate
assessable to the owner or. In:case of
a ownership through stock or member-
S ship in a corporation, the value of the
P proportion which his Interest In the
corporation bears to the assessed
value of the property.
(c) By general low and subject to
conditions specified therein, the
exemption may be increased up to on
* amount not exceeding ten thousand
dollars of the assessed value of the
real estate if the.owner has attained
age sixty-five or is. totally and per-
manently disabled.






. SEctiON 7. Alic te ln o alnr-mu-
otlr taxes.T faxes upon thev pera-
preempted to the state vor aloated in
oe or Isn ptert to the counties.
en alloated to th counties, the
distribution shall be In equal amof unts
S the several cnou nties.
NIu al r enue lost b s--



' SECTION 7. Ald to locan l gof vpern-mu-


Seprloted, to the state or allocated Ines
- or In Part to ,fthe counties.



scWhen alstlocated to ths, m unties orthe
special distribution shall upon eqsuch conditions
s moy bthe seprovided by general counties


SSECTION 9. Aid to, locales.- govern-
' (a) Countiesischool districts,, and
municipalities shall, and special. dis-"
tricts: may, be authorized by law to
levy ad valorem taxes 'and may be
i, authorized by general law to levy.
. J 'other taxes, for their respective pur-
* jy poses, except ad valorem taxes on
I intangible personal property and
taxoes prohibited by this constitution.
(b) Ad valorem taxes, exclusive of
taxes levied for the payment of bonds
and taxes levied for periods not
longer than two years when author-
ized by vote of the electors who-ore
wholly- ee pt f:r l taxti shall
not be levied in excess of the follow-.
' Ing millages upon the assessed value
of real estate and tangible personal
property: for all county purposes,
ten mills; for all municipal purposes,
ten mills; for all school purposes, ten
mills; for water management pur-.
oses for the northwest portion of the
state lying west of the line between
s.ranges two and three east, 0.05 mill;
'for water management purposes for
the remaining portions of theistate,
1.0 mill; and for all other special dis-
tricts a millage authorized by law ap-
proved by vote of the electors who
ere--eweras-o-reeholds -tferei-net
wheidv-...maem tx--from--e le- A
county furnishing municipal services
may, to the extent authorized by law,
Slevy additional taxes within the limits
fixed for municipal purposes.
SECTION- 10. Pledging credit.-
Neltheor, the state nor any county,
school district, municipality, special
District, or agency of any of them,
* shall become a joint owner with, or
stockholder.of, or give, lend or. use
Itstaxing power or credit to aid any
corporation, association, partnership'
or person; but this shall not prohibit
laws authorizing: , ' .
.1 (a) the Investment of public trust
funds; :
S a(b) the investment of other public
i funds In obligations of, or insured by.
the United States or any of its in-
strumentolities;
"(c) the issuance and sole by any,.
county, municipality, special district
or other local governmental body of -
* (1) 'revenue bonds to finance or
refinance the cost of capital protects
for airports or port facilities; or (2)
revenue bonds to finance or refIn-
once the cost of capital projects for
Industrial or manufacturing plants to
'the extent thdt the Interest therieon is
exempt from income taxes under the
then existing laws of the United
States, when. In either case, the
.revenue bonds are payable solely
from revenue derived from the sale,
operation or leasing of Ihe proleCis.
Sfany proalect , or part thereol. - fi.
S nuanced unoer -s- e'1on'"T.( 2?l'
S .wSlm -f is occupied or opera,
oafed by any private corporation, as-
sociation, partnership or person pur-.
suant to contract or lease with the is-.
suing authority body, the property in-
terest rea-'fted by such contract or
lease shall be subject to taxation to
the same extent as other privately
owned property, provide_ ahat onin-
terest crated und-r su 0ctTnc)
(1) may be'exempted from taxation.
S(d) a municipality, county, special
district, or agency of any of them,
being a faint owner of, 'giving, or
lending or using its taxing power or
credit *for the jaint ownership, con-
struction and operation of electrical
energy generating or transmission
facilities with any corporation, as-
sociation, partnership or person.
SECTION 11. State bonds; revenue
bonds.-
(a) (1) State bonds pledging the
full faTth and credit of the state may
be Issued only to finance or refinance
the cost of state fixed capital ouqtljy
projects authorize-y lo. aw, an pur-
poses incidental thereto. upon ap-
proval by a vote of the electors;
provided state bonds Issued pursuant
to this subsection (a) may be refund-
ed without a vote of the electors at a
lower -net average' net interest cost
rote. The total outsfonding principal
of state bonds issued pursuant to this
subsection (a) shall never exceed fif-
ty per cent of the total tax revenues
of the state for, the two preceding fis-
cal years, exluding any tax rave-
nues held In trust under t-e-pr vT-
signs of mhis constitution_
2W O) Moneys sufficient to pay
debt service on state bonds as the
some becomes due shall be appro-
priated by law.
nb)Any statebondspledng the
full faith and credit ofthe state Is-
sued under this section or any other
section of this Constitution may e
combined for purposes of sale.
(c) Revenue bonds may be issued
by the state or its agencies without a
vote of the electors only to finance or
refinance the cost of state fixed capi-
'" 1 tal ovstY protects author low
and purposes incidental thereto and
shall be payable solely from funds
derived from sources other than
state tax revenues or rents .or tees
paid from state tax revenues.
SECTION 12. Local bonds.- -
(g) Counties, school districts, mu-
'icpoltlies, special districts an.d local
governmental bodies with taxing
,^ powers may issue bonds, certificates
of indebtedness or any form of tax
from ad valorem taxation and matur-
ing more than twelve months after is-
suance only:
11) 4e) to finance or refinance
fx capital outlay projects author-
Izedby low, ajnidpurposes Incidental
fhereto, and only when approved by
vote of the electors whb-ere-owner-s
*,.N-, t t ftlo:i or
b2)n ( to refund outstanding bonds
ai" interest and redemption
premium thereon at a lower -net
overage net interest cost rote.
r or on v r












bloo hereepo terces


o revlue b s or pods c



SECTION 13. Relief from Illegal
taxes.-Until payment of all taxes
which hove been legally assessed
upon the property of the same owner,
no court shall grant relief from the
payment of any tax that may be il-
legal or Illegally assessed.
SECTION 14. Bonds for pollution
control and abatement facilities.-
(a) When authorized by law, state
bonds pledging the full faith and
credit of. the state may be issued
without an election to finance or
reftinone the construction of air and
water pollution control and abate-
ment and solid waste disposal facili-
ties, or other waterfacilities author-
SIed by law, herein referred TOas
/ c "aliiles") to be operated by any
municipality, county, district or auth-
Sorlty, or any agency thereof (herein
referred to as "local governmental
o agencies"), or by any agency of the
'ULjote ofFlorida. Such bonds shall be
Secured by a pledge of and shall be
payable primarily from all or any


part of revenues.to be derived- from
operation of such facilities, special
assessments, rental& paments to be
received under IoBse---u~ hoe
agreements herein provided for, any
other revenues' that may be legally
available for such purpose, including
revenues from other facilities, or any
combination thereof' (herein collec-
tively referred to as "pledged reve-
nues"), and shall be additionally -
secured by the full faith and credit of
the State of Florida.
(b) No such bonds shall be issued
unless a state fiscal agency, -e eee
desgnt by low, has made a deter-
minaion tho in no state fiscal year
will the debt service requirements of
the bonds proposed to be Issued and
all other bonds secured by the
pledged revenues exceed seveny-
five per cent of the .pledged reve-

nues.



agency.' under mlese---oitelse
agreements for such periods dnd
under such other terms.and condi-
flons as may be mutually agreed
upon. The local governmental agen-
cies may pledge the revenues de-
rived from such leased facilitiffes or
any other available funds for the
- :nft 4f r.ntal- pamislenis there-
under; and, i1 additloan, the fu'I flth
and credit and taxing power of such
local governmental agencies may be
pledged for the--Pavment--of--s ch
ranlk suchpaygments without any
Svote of the f eT. es eleeli--of

bonde-4for ft #o -e o l-,ni-s

til-es te be owned OF a ie-ed y
eMS, Such loans shall' bear interest at
not more than one-half, of one per
cent per annum greater than the lost
-preceding issue of state bonds Pur-
suant to this section, shol-be-seeured
bY-"ho pledged evoenuesFo ,nd-moy be
oadmienalty-ieeure by te full faith
0-eneles,
(4+-Id) The total outstanding prin-
cipal aT state bonds Issued pursuant
to this section 14 shall never exceed
Sfifty per cent of the total tax reve-
nues of the' state for the two preced-
ing fiscal years:, excludin any tax
revenues held Ine trust under
provisions of this Constfution.
SECTION 15. Revenue bonds for
seheleesip student loans.-
(a)' When authorized by law, rev-
enue bonds may be Issued to estab-
lish a fund to make loans to students
determined tobe, eligible as pre-
scribed by law and who have been
admitted to attend any public or
private, institutions of higher learn!
ing, junior colleges, health related
training institutions, or vocational
training centers, which are recog-
nized or accredited under terms and
conditions prescribed by laow. Reve
nue bonds Issued pursuant to this
section shalt be secured by 'a pledge
of. and shall be payable primarily
from payments of interest, principal,
and handling charges to such fund
from the recipients of the loans and,
If authorized by law, may be addi-
tionally secured by student fees and
by any other moneys In'such fund.
There shall be established from the
proceeds of each issue of revenue
bonds a reserve account in an
amount equal to and sufficient to pay
the greatest amount of principal, In-
terest, and handling . charges to
become due on such issue In any en-
suing state fiscal year.
(b)'Intlerest moneys Moneys in the
fund established pursuant tothis sec-
tion, not required In any fiscal year
for payment of debt service'ani then
.outstanding revenue bonds or .for
Maintenance of the reserve account,
may be used-for educational loans to
students determined to be eligible
therefore in the manner provided by
law, or for such other related pur-
. oses as may be.provided by low.
.SECTION 16. Revenue bonds for
housing and related aclites-

o en autororze o rave-
, ection to finance or ref nonceV ous-






Inand related t e Flor
)The revenue a so e
secTIN 1by a pRles of and stc -oe





ar.ale from all or any Pe o
revenue to be. derived fi-


















nocing operation cor on sh
facilitiesI morT OFARIL loan
Payments. or any 6ir revenue s or
ast be. legally a able
or such. purposes derived fro




s Ne, a n revenues from I aes-r
sesmlrto nIes. or any combno t
teroA mortgages or loans. dm-





rivend -om the Proceeds ot suac
waesvenae-ds, as a .ier, insured or.






San agency.- o
Iguon Wy p fish y







to any mortgagor.
(c) No revenue bonds shall be Is-
sued unless c state aaor Igencyd
designated by emw.nos mde meienr-
mindIon tnn gT S scCLYeaX







the bonds, proposed to b ssued a
( all other or sured bo yrters .me
pledge revenue exaee the privgee
revenues on ol able e ntitr me
such deal service requirement
SECTIr N 17 Redevelopment of
slum or alighted ureas-Redevelop


prsulnt TO general or spexialmla
blire ed area and. with respect Tor
such area. may:



tl n pr M .e p-
ECTISell or transfres opertrue-
tio n a.su orle nt tey te
person or Public entity; 0 ( e
(d) Allocate tax Increments to fl.
nance or refinance ine redevelop.
Risroyal by vote of te i, electors.
reveon bonds Pyable from the In.
cement In tIxes

mentA tax IcremenU sO cons s


SECTION 1. System of public
education.-
Ig) Adequate provision shall be
made by low for a uniform system of
free public schools and for the estab-
lishment, maintenance and operation
of Institutions of higher learning and
other public education programs that
the needs of the people may require.
elementary and secondary ed cotton
in this state shall be to the
vbali f enc studen t . com.
vp an portui or vocattalm
m m e 1gr W infiructio
to go d g MoanTogej students wiMh
special l earning nees


THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, SEPT. 28, 1978


Public



Notices

ORDINANCE NO. 98
AN ORDINANCE RELATING TO THE APPROPRIATION
OF FUNDS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1978-79 FOR THE CITY OF
PORT ST. JOE, FLORIDA, FOR THE PURPOSE OF
PROVIDING FOR THE ORDINARY AND REGULAR
REQUIREMENTS OF THE CITY OF PORT ST. JOE FOR
FISCAL YEAR 1978-79, DECLARING THE PASSAGE OF
SAID ORDINANCE TO BE AN EMERGENCY, AND PRO-
VIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
WHEREAS, the City Commission is of the opinion
that it is necessary for the immediate protection and pre-
servation of the peace, safety, health and property of the City
and its inhabitants, and to provide for the usual daily
operation of the City and its departments that this Ordinance
be enacted and take effect immediately, therefore
BE IT ENACTED BY THE PEOPLE OF THE CITY OF
PORT ST. JOE:
Section I. There is hereby appropriated the sum of
$891,409.00 for the General Fund, the sum of $1,775,348.00 for
the Water and Sewer Fund and the sum of $2,706,938.00 for the
Wastewater Treatment Plant for Fiscal Year 1978-79 to be
used in the operation of said departments for the City of Port
St. Joe, Florida, as set forth in the Budget and Financial Plan
of said City on file with the City Auditor and Clerk.
Section II. The. City Clerk is hereby authorized and
directed to public a. notice of this Ordinance as provided by
law.
Section III. This Ordinance shall take effect immediate-
ly upon adoption.
INTRODUCED at the Regular Meeting of the City
Commission on the 19th day of September, A.D. 1978, and
ADOPTED by the City Commission on 19th day of
September, A.D. 1978, as an emergency Ordinance.
FRANK PATE, Jr.,
Mayor-Commissioner ;
ATTEST:
C. W. Brock, City Auditor and Clerk

NOTICE TO TAXPAYERS OF PORT ST. JOE, FLORIDA
Pursuant to Section 129.01, Florida Statutes, 1971,
NOTICE is hereby given that the Board of City Commission-
ers of Port St. Joe, Florida, has adopted a tentative budget
for the several City funds for the fiscal year beginning
October 1, 1978, and ending September 30, 1978; .that said
Board will be in session on October 3, 1978, at 8:00 P.M., for
the purpose of hearing complaints from any person or
persons, firms or corporations that are dissatisfied with said
budget, to-wit:
'BOARD OF CITY COMMISSIONERS
PORT ST. JOE, FLORIDA
' FISCAL YEAR BEGINNING OCTOBER 1, 1978 and -
ENDING SEPTEMBER 30,1979
CONSOLIDATED BUDGET
GENERAL FUND, WATER & SEWER FUND AND
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT FUND
RIAClTlTMA'PCTIFT) lWTC R.M


Kneeling, left to right: Teresa.Cozart, Randi McClain, ing, Stacey O'Shall, Cathy, Rish, Traci McClain, LeAnn
Trish Tapper, Melanie Williams and Paula Ramsey. Stand- Clenney and Vicki Barlow. -Star photo




Tumblers Win 53 Ribbons




In Panama City Meet


The Port St. Joe Tumblers
had their first meet of the
season against Carter Gym-
nastics school of Panama
City. The girls brought home
half of the trophies given and
53 ribbons.'


1. The terms of three members'
shall expire on JanuarY 198 ;
2. The terms of three members
hall expire on january o
sholl expire on January 1. 198,n.
(b) ien the event the revision to Ar
olCT sad 3 at rhe 978 ener-
I e Ia commissioner nt



a t m in November
short on ftrhe ectve date of this co



stion a e oe e ine of ths
boourd or as trmofvi our yea. an







i a n ew co mmissioner Is edappointed
it the rd. The apointee of thod
comp vorre 'mremers








on may serve terms in excesrm s of
fouryears w as provided by iaw.
sch O NI 4. School districts;


tae contiui tot iounies peon nred
S hoolae Mechf eUcooTln estio -
s n der Article 1A, Seclon j an
n te date of adoption of Ina









SECTON shall be a spoiuperintendent ofve
board members.-Members of any



appointive board deadline welecth educate
rtion may serve t oerms n exce o ss of
fourearsasprovided by low.
SECTION 4. School, dis.rcs;






school e boards.o b- sall ae oate-
ro(a) Each cd outy shae ll constitute a



school district e provided, two or
district there shll scho ol boardpr ied
c omposed of fiv ore morel members


chosen by vote of tha e sectors or ap-
propriateldy stagger edrms of four
years, as Provided by low.




SECTION . school board shall operate,
control and supervise all free Public
schools within the school district and




there sin e otive t chool district
taxes within the limits prescribed

herein. Two or more schd ool districts



may operate and finance joint educa-
tional fep programs.

SECTION . Superintendent of
schools.-In each ' school district




t there shell be a superintendent of
schools. He shall be elected at the










u mi tro u o aer rd v e anr d
general election in each ear the






















spembar ser ay overineor

repeaeC y eCitr atoen bhe snter -
number of wh Artice is a mul ftiple of n 7.-
ThProvided by resolution of the district



school b board, or by special low, ap-
roved by vote ofe r electors, there
district school superintendent in any
school district shall be employed by









the district school btem prid asked rovided
special lw may be re scinded or









repealed by ein there Procedure afn iter
area rs
The income derived from the state Bro
the fund omay, be appropriated, bn ut











only to the support and mainteonance

ofmiten scio free public schools
SECTION 7. State university sys-
la) There shall be a single state
uniovrsith e system comprise ofovn





npubt C boue ndedo r'St bn
s upteTInJT1 uons Ph eer ieqm-






be governed by o tohrN o regents


(b) The bofrd of regents shall

per. ae 1,regula te, control., and be tul
Aesponsbl ter The managemenat o
gambling casinos s eornoalve reson-
bi itihStae one *aore ooa ed o auc-











severalCcoun ties, spo, l dtsnde n
mnia the e tlan polic y eas ort ate
university system.











ic) The board ne of regents sh ll be a
body corporate coll imposed o ene
members. Eight members shall
serve Staggered sixayeSr eretndth
oerm. T oe quaoacoti ons ah te
memt r serving a two-year term
senall b pr onded on ltow.The
memberofithe en n of G overn eents
sand b! appintedn eNot by thernor

Schedule to Article IX, Section 7-
The members , rhew board o regent
in oTxce on the date this revision
gablingom asinoe shall conllenuTn
yc theoenr prmo end du th
sev, remra ounties, shgonod strctsn
munire, the pe n 1tisf1t)sppo rt nhe



Art. X, S15, Flo. Const., Is created



















schools and local law enforcement.


Winners and their places
from Port St. Joe were, nine
and under:

Paula Ramsey, tie for sixth
in beam, sixth in tumbling,
Honorable mention in bars.
vault and free-ex and fourth
all around.
Randi McClain, fifth beam,
fifth tumbling, fourth bars,
honorable mention, vault and
free-ex and third all around
which brought home a trophy.
Melanie Williams (East-
point), sixth in beam, sixth in
free-ex, fifth vault, third bars,
third tumbling and brought
home a trophy, also winning


second all-around.
In ten and eleven age group:
Teresa Cozart, fourth vault,
third free-ex, 'third tumbling',
and second 'in beam.
Stacey O'Shall fourth in
beam, free-ex and tumbling,
third vault, and a trophy for
third all-around.

In the 12 and older division:
.LeAnn Clenney sixth in
tumbling and vaulting, fifth
bars,, third beam, and sixth
all-around.
Vicki Barlow, fifth beam,
fifth bars, fourth vault, free-ex
and tumbling and fifth all-
around.


BOWLING'


Ladies League


On lanes one and two Pepsi-
Cola won three games and
Wonder Bar won one. For
Pepsi-Cola Betty Fain had a
high game of 180, And Kay
Katynsky had high series of
417, Trudy Pate led the Won-
der Bar with a 154 high game
and a, 413 high series.
Kay Katynsky picked up the


2-10 split and Linda Whitfield
picked up the 6-10-7 split.

On lanes three and four'
Highland View Motors took
four games from the Sure-
foots. Lynn Lyle had a high
game of 173 and a high series
of 430 for H.V. Motors. Hanna
Justice led the Surefoots with


Wed. Night League


Beach Beauty Shop won four.
games from the Cowgirls to
move -into a first place tie.
Mary Brown was high bowler
for the beauty shop with a 446
series. Terri Brown led the
cowgirls with, a 372 series.
Florida Bank won three
games from the Alley Kats to'
maintain; a tie for first place.
Cathy Blackburn rolled a 181.
game and a 495 series forthe
bank. Norma Hobbs led the
Alley Kats 'with a 210 game
and a 495 series for the bank.
Renfro's won four games
from, Murphy's. LaJuan
Pogue was high bowler for
Renfro with a 420 series.
Debbie Burns rolled a 175
game and a 422 series for

Standings: W L
Florida Bank 11 1
Beach Beauty Shop 11i 1
Alley Kats 9 4
St. Joe Furniture 8 4
Team 8 4 8
Murphy's 4 8
Renfro's 4 8
Cowgirls � 0 12,


Murphys.
St. Joe Furniture won four
games from Team number
eight.. Brenda Mathes had a
449 series for the furniture
team. Jane Smith led team
number eight with a 320
series.


Cathy Rush, fourth in beam
and bars, third in vaulting,
free-ex and tumbling and
fourth all-around.
Trish Tapper, sixth free-ex,
third bars, second beam, se-
cond vault, and a trophy for
third place all around.
Traci McClain .captured
first all around which won a
trophy, and first in tumbling
which won another trophy.
She was also first in beam,
vaulting, and free-ex, and
second in bars.
The girls are coached by
Jennifer Hendrix of Panama
City and her assistants, Paul
Ropelis and Lori McClain.


a 113 high game and a 323 high
series.
On lanes five and six Tele-
phone took three games and
the Cowgirls took one. Faye
Capps led Telephone with a
143 high game and a 395 high
series. Marguerite Scheffer
had a high game of 168 and
Lou McDonnell had a 385 high
series for the Cowgirls.
On 'lanes seven and eight
Raffields and Team Two took
two games each. For Raffields
Gracie Schultz had a high
game of 131 and a high series
of 343. Diane Keith led Team
Two with a 150 high game and
.a 409 high series.
Standings: W L
H.V. Motors 11' 1
Pepsi Cola 9 3
Telephone 7 5
Team Two 5 7
Brefoots 4V 7%
Raffields '4�% 7�/
Cowgirls - 4 8
Wonder Bar 3 9


You Are Cordially Invited to Attend


LONG AVENUE


Baptist Church

Corner Long Ave. and 16th St.


SUNDAY SCHOOL ................... 9:45 A.M.
MORNING WORSHIP ................ 11:00A.M.
CHURCH TRAINING................. 5:45P.M.
EVENING WORSHIP .................7:00 P.M.
PRAYER MEETING (Wednesday)..., 7:00 P.M.


Rev. J. C.-ODUM,
Pastor


Jerome Cartier,
Minister of Music


U U


001-311-00
001-311-10
001-313-00
001-314-00
001-321-00
001-321-10
001-322-00
001-332-10
001-335-10
001-335-12
001-335-13
001-335-13
001-335-17
001-335-40
001-337-20
001-341-91
001-343-41
001-343-81
001-343-82
001-351-10
001-351-11
001-351-12
001-360-00
001-360-10
001-360-30
001-361-10
001-361-11
001-362-00
001-381-30
001-391-10
401-314-00
401-343-31
401-343-35
401-343-51
401-343-55
401-343-65
401-343-65
401-360-00
401-360-30
401-361-10
401-384-00
401-391-10
450-343-51(
450-343-55
450-360-00
450-360-30
450-361-10
450-361-12
450-391-10


001-5
001-5
001-5
001-5
001-i
001-5
001-5
001-5
001-i
001-5
001-5
001-5
001-5
001-5
001-5
401-5
401-i
401-5
401-5
401-5
450-5


ESTIMATED REVENUE
0 Property Taxes ..................
0 Tax Discount ...................
0 Francise Tax .................
0 Utility Tax (60 percent) .........
0 Occupational Tax .................
0 License Penalties ................
)0, Permits'& Fees ...... '.........'
0 Federal Revenue Sharing .........
0 Cigarette Tax 2c Additional......
0 State Revenue Sharing .....,....
0 Insurance Agents County License .
0 Alcoholic Beverage License ......
0 Homestead Exempt Trust Fund ...
0 Rebate Municipal Vehicles -........
0 St. Joseph Fire Control ...........
0 Qualification Fees ..............
0 Garbage Fees ...-................
0 Holly Hill Cemetery lots ..........
0 Forest Hill Cemetery lots .........
0 Fines & Forfeitures ...............
0 Parking Meter Receipts ..........
0 Parking Tickets ..U-( *-...........
0 Miscellaneous ................
0 CETA Receipts..................
0 Purchase Discounts ..............
0 Interest Earned (Revenue) .......
0 Interest Earned (FRS) ...........
0 Rent & Royalties .................
0 Transfer from W-S Fund ..........
0 Equipment Rental ...............
0 Utility Tax (40 percent) .......
0 Water Service ....................
1 Water Connection Fees ...........
0 Sewer Service .... .........
1 Sewer Connection Fees ...........
1 Service Charge ...................
2 Delinquent Fees ..................
0 Miscellaneous ..... ........
0 Purchase Discounts .............
0 Interest Earned ..................
0 FHALoan ........................
)0 Equipment Rental............:...
0 W-WTreatment ..................
0 Debt Service Cost ................
0 Miscellaneous...................
0 Purchase Discounts ..............
0 Interest Earned (Revenue) .......
0 Interest Earned (Escrow) ........
0 Equipment Rental ................
Cash Carried Forward (Revenue) ..
Cash Carried Forward (Con-
struction) ........................ ..
TOTAL ............................


$ 285,650.00
(10,000.00
30,500.00
48,350.00'
12,000.00
100.00
1,500.00
83,489.00
9,000.00
99,322.00
3,000.00
1,300.00
?,600.00
1,100.00
1,000.00
140.00
90,700.00
4,000.00
1,000.00
3,000.00
4,000.00
2,000.00
10,000.00
25,789.00
500.00
12,000.00
3,000.00
500.00
33,108.00
500.900
34,000.00
202,380.00
1,500.00
82,541.00
1,080.00
500.00
2,500.00
12,000.00
100.00
3,000.00
1,400,000.00
1,000.00
1,993,096.00
593,522.00
2,000.00
1,000.00
3,000.00
8,000.00
500.00
237,328.00

35,500.00
$5,373,695.00


CONSOLIDATED BUDGET
GENERAL FUND, WATER & SEWER FUND ANP
WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT FUND
ESTIMATED EXPENSE
511 City Commission ................. $ 9,02
513 City Clerks Office ................ 36,64
514 City Attorney ..................... 2,02
518 Municipal Building .............. 27,14
519 Non-Departmental ............... 17,23
521 Police Departmei.: ............... 225,47
522 Fire Department ............... 32,16
524 Building Inspector Fees .......... 1,5(
534 Garbage & Trash ............. .... 98,42
539 Parks & Cemeteries .............. 81,71
541 Streets & Highways .............. 197,47
551 CETA .................�........... 28,64
561 Contributions to Hospital ......... 69,95
562 Mosquito Control ..... . . 6,0C
590 Warehouse & Garage............. 57,9S
533 Water Department ............... 1,546,32
535 P-f er Department ............... 107,06
536 � 4, ' inistration .............. 42,29
581 Transits ........................ 32,67
582 Long Term Debt................... 47,00
535 Wastewater Treatment Plant..... 2,706,93
Surplus .......................... -0-
TOTAL .......................... $5,373,69


13.00
12.00
15.00
14.00
36.00
'6.00
6O.00
0.00
4.00
13.00
'9.00
5.00
40.00
10.U0

12.00
�1.00
62.00
92.006
'0.00
03.00

35.00
1i5 00


17 Thank You'



For Your Vote On


September 7



We Need Your Support-

S Please Vote Oct. 5




James L. "Tank" Tankersley

Paid for by Campaign Treasurer


mom 4"
MOM.


PAGE FIFTEEN
PAGE FIFTEEN






Prices Effective September 27-30,1978


S


-No suso
PRODUCTS HAVE
PLAIN AID
SiM E LAeELS.
m APAY


PRODUCT.
IOTA
FANCY PACMGE.


S


- ARLY


HAVI


PORKAT S
3TOMAO SAX01I-


- ~
~ $YH


NO BRAND


d^ ^: ^


Sll 1


,


lit 2 bags with
s Oro ordy


Tender
CUBED STEAK


Swift Premium,
SIRLOIN STEAK
Swift Premium
CHUCK STEAK


Lb $1.59


Lb. $1.59


Lb.


$1.09


El


O


FS
5 lb o Mr

[ Fre~sh.oi


SMALL EGGS
2 Doz.$ 100


Blue Bonnet
SOFT MARGARINE
Merico
DANISH ROLLS


13 oz.


I


*
Swift

Steak


BlueBonnt TVFra.
ShoetrA


790
690


Sea Pak Frozen
FISH STICKS


Sh~dS


mLb.
---- i^^^^^^t^^^^^^--S


oz. 690


All Flavors Frozen
EDWARDS PIES 3s oz. 0


Minute Maid Frozen
ORANGE JUICE 2 o


890


I S A


4Ls.
or More
Grnd.


Chuck


Fancy Cello Delicious 3 7b i.9
RED APPLES b 990
Mild Medium 3 i *A
YELLOW ONIONS f 790


Large Fancy
BELL PEPPERS
New Crop Fresh.
SWEET POTATOES
Orchard
ORANGE DRINK


5 -for
lb. 291
64 oz 790


All Flavors
JELLO GELATIN


CRISCO OIL Home T -
ONE STAMP CHUNK HAM
with 48 OZ. JAR Kellogg's
Sunshine FROOT LOOPS
SUGAR WAFERS ne,,.S
ONE STAMP PINE OIL
with 12 OZ. RBOX PIE OIL


With Plain and Sim

NO BRANI


!


BECAUSE
WE WAI
TOO
YOUR KIN
OF STOI
ISNTRODUES A I
OF FOODS
SHOUEHMLD ie
PRMED 10%-3
BELOW IIiME


SunRSt Gold

ICE.E


/ a2 l.


ONE STAMP
4 - 3 OZ. BOXES
ONE STAMP
with 6.75 OZ. CAN
ONE STAMP
with 15 OZ. BOX
ONE STAMP
with 28 OZ. BTLE.


Bryan
CANNED HAMS <


Sunmyland Smoked
SAUSAGE
Oscar Mayer
SLICED BACON


wit
VA


Chas & Sanbom Reg., Drip or Ele
COFFEE .


FIGHT INFLATION


'I>


6%1/2 Oz.
Can..

Save 2


iple

'S


0

IE
IT
E
ID.
IE
ILY
HE
my
*t
3%
'K




rnLV.'C












rinm

s-












S
I*j


ONE STAMP
th 3 LB. PKG.
ONE STAMP
h 20 OZ. PKG.
ONE STAMP
th 1 LB. PKG.
c. Perk
ONE STAMP
th 1ILB. BAG ,


l


mm


-. .5
0,~,


i


FREE






DAVID RICH'S IGA FOODLINER 2 LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU Supplement to The Star


RICH'S .1
FOODLINER
WEWAHITCHKA, FLA.
PRICES EFFECTIVE
SEPT. 27-0CT. 3
. No Sales to Dealers
Ouantity Rights Reserved


RICH'S
FOODLINER
PORT ST. JOE, FLA.
PRICES EFFECTIVE
SEPT. 27-OCT. 3
No Sales to Dealers
Quantity Rights Reserved


Every pound of


is a pound of

EATING.

PLEASURE!


'cause it's
BOUGHT RITE-IGA has stationed its own beef buyers at
the best producing centers in the Middle West to personally
select all beef for IGA Food Stores. You are in for real "Eat-
ing Pleasure" when you serve a steak or roast that is IGA
TableRite.
TRIMMED RITE-TableRite Beef means that every cut is
table trimmed, with all excess fat and bone removed. This
saves you money, because you actually get more edible meat
for your meat dollar.
PRICED RITE-Every cut is priced for its true value by
scientific cutting tests made daily. This means that many of
the budget cuts represent wonderful values. The choice cuts
are never over-priced.


USDA

CHOICE


F
S.


I


BULK RATE
U.S. POSTAGE
8.4c PAID F
Permit No. 3
Wewahitchka, Fla.


al


0


I

0


* II -









I


S I 1I:


CHUCK ROAST
SHOULDER ROAST
SHOULDER SWISS
BONELESS
CHARCOAL STEAK
BONELESS
BEEF STEW
CHUCK STEAK
GROUND CHUCK
GROUND BEEF


65


BUNDLE NO.


10 Ibs.


5 Ibs.


10 Ibs.
10 lbs.


5 lbs.


10 Ibs.


BONELESS
CHUCK ROAST
BONELESS
BEEF STEW
BEEF
SHORT RIBS
PORK
BUTT ROAST
LEAN
GROUND CHUCK
FOR B-B-QUEING
PORK RIBS


ALL FOR ONLY

$ C 27


TOTAL
OF 50 Ibs.


BUNDLE NO. 3


"BONELESS BUNDLE"1'
BONELESS
6 bs. ROUND STEAK
BONELESS
6 Ibs. SWISS STEAK
BONELESS BOTTOM
6 Ibs. ROUND ROAST
BONELESS
10 ibs. CHUCK ROAST
BONELESS
6 Ibs. CHUCK STEAK
LEAN
10 Ibs. GROUND BEEF
BONELESS
6 lbs. BEEF STEW


ALL FOR ONLY


$


TOTAL OF
50 Ibs.
Mal . ~I M


16

41


USDA CHOICE TABLERITE
WHOLE


BEEF
LOINS


APPROX. WEIGHT 45 Ibs.


LB.


$


78


USDA CHOICE TABLERITE


WHOLE


BEEF
CHUCKS
APPROX. WEIGHT 85 Ibs.


USDA CHOICE TABLERITE


WHOLE
BEEF
ROUNDS
APPROX. WEIGHT 65 Ibs.


$


48


USDA CHOICE TABLERITEJ
WHOLE


BEEF
RIBS
APPROX. WEIGHT 25 Ib ',


$


LB.


I


78'

lI


2

A


pop-


.--'


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"

WHOLE
CHUCKS
APPROX. WEIGHT 85 Ibs.
LB.


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"
WHOLE
CHUCK
ROLLS


APPROX. WEIGHT 22 lbs.
LB.


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"

WHOLE
ROUNDS
APPROX. WEIGHT 60 Ibs.


I I. -


MUCH MORE


LB. 108
PKG.


SUNNYLAND SMOKED


Sausage ...


CUDAHY
Sausa


PORK
ee Roll


USDA CHOICEP'
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"
WHOLE [K
TOP %:
ROUNDS ,
APPROX. WEIGHT 20 Ibs.
LB.

$1 78


20 oz.
* PKG.


. .Ib.


sl"8





III


BUNDLE NO. 1


12 lbs.
4 lbs.
4 Ibs.
4 lbs.
5 lbs.
4 Ibs.
5 lbs.
12 bs.


.'ALL FOR ONLY


7$
TOTAL OF
50 Ibs.


Sliced


Bacon







r-n


I


BUNDLE NO. 4
BONELESS
6 ibs. BOTTOM ROUND ROAST
BONELESS
6 Ibs. TOP SIRLOIN
FRESH LEAN
10 Ibs. GROUND CHUCK
LEAN
6 lbs. PORK CHOPS
FRESH
10 lbs. QUARTERED FRYERS
BONELESS
6 ibs. BEEF STEW
BONELESS
6 lbs. CHARCOAL STEAKS


ALL FOR ONLY


A d


TOTAL OF
50 Ibs.


BUNDLE NO. 5


10 lbs.

10 lbs.

10 lbs.

12 lbs.


JUICY TENDER
CHUCK ROAST
BONELESS
CHUCK STEAK
JUICY TENDER
SHOULDER ROAST
LEAN
GROUND BEEF
BONELESS
BEEF STEW


8 Ibs.


ALL FOR ONLY


$


74


TOTAL
OF 50 Ibs.


AA A


NO
NECK
NO o*A


CHUCK


RoUND


NO
FRONT i
SHANK


NO
BRISKET04


NO
NO A FLANK
NAVEL


*^ KNO
KIDNEY


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"
WHOLE
RIB
EYES
APPROX. WEIGHT 8 Ibs.


IGA REG. OR BEEF
Bologna . ..


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"
WHOLE
BOTTOM
ROUNDS
APPROX. WEIGHT 20 lbs.


LB.


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
"BONELESS"
WHOLE


STRIPS


APPROX. WEIGHT 11 Ibs.
LB.


USDA CHOICE
TABLERITE
WHOLE

TOP
SIRLOINS
APPROX. WEIGHT 11 Ibs.
LB.


S U a i


lb. $1 19
, � PKG.


IGA ALL BEEF OR MEAT
Wieners . z . p
eA �PG


FRESH LEAN


Ground


Chuck b.


- ~

1~


III


$128


1 (


NO
TAIL
BONE
NO
HIP
BONE


NO-
HIND
SHANK
lkH


881




1.


4 j
L4











R~qw alp r










































it II
. .......
.Nk .









k "M


ANA




















M:,
kI




TWICE AS..AT.AS.ASP.RI




........ . .









.. .. . . .....