The star
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028419/02234
 Material Information
Title: The star
Uniform Title: Star (Port Saint Joe, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: W.S. Smith
Place of Publication: Port St. Joe Fla
Creation Date: August 31, 1978
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Port Saint Joe (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Gulf County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Gulf -- Port Saint Joe
Coordinates: 29.814722 x -85.297222 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1937.
General Note: Editor: Wesley R. Ramsey, <1970>.
General Note: Publisher: The Star Pub. Co., <1970>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 7 (Dec. 2, 1938).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358020
oclc - 33602057
notis - ABZ6320
lccn - sn 95047323
System ID: UF00028419:02234

Full Text


Industry Deep Water Port Fine People Safest Beaches in Florida


$130,355 to be Spent On Remodeling

Contract Let Thursday

Sfor School Renovations

The Gulf County School
SBoard accepted a bid from,
Kolmetz Construction Com-
pany of Panama City last
Thursday afternoon to reno-
vate a section of the Port St.
Joe Elementary School.
Kolmetz' low bid for the
project was $130,355.
According to Superinten-
dent of Schools. B. Walter
Wilder, the renovation will
create permanent classroom
space for the .guidance suite,
speech and hearing testing
areas and exceptional child
teaching suite.
These departments have
been occupying space in sev-
eral mobile classroom units
which were hauled onto the
school site several years ago
to handle overflow class situa-
tions. ,
Wilder said the space to be
remodeled has been useless to
the school for utilization as
classroom spEce ever since
the Elementary School occu-
pied the building a few years
ago. The space was formerly
used as athletic shower and
locker room and band room by
> the High School, which form-
erly occupied the present Ele-

mentary School building prior
to construction of the new
High School on Niles Road.
We haven't even been us-
ing the rest room facilities in
the affected area", Wilder
said. "The lay-out of the
considerable space just made
it impossible to utilize in the
manner which we needed", he
The space to be remodeled

makes up nearly one third of
the space under the roof of the
Elementary School complex.
The shower and locker room
space was formerly used in
the basketball and football
athletic programs of the high
school and is located just
behind the gymnasium. The
band room is a large room,
equipped for band activities
and is located to the left of the
gymnasium. Both rooms are

huge and will make a consi-
derable addition to the useable
space at the school according
to Wilder.
Construction work is sche-
duled to begin Monday of next
week and is supposed to take
60 days to complete. The
project is being paid for with
Capital Outlay money, fur-
nished by the State of Florida
for building improvement pur-

City Clerk Mike Wright Turns In

Resignation; Going to Alabama
Wright, who has served in ing and budget department. Another accomplishment he
his position for the past two His tenure here in Port St. Joe has forgotten is that he was
and a half years, is moving the was Wright's first venture in the first person to plant cotton
end of this week to Hartselle, the field of city finances or and peanuts in the flower beds
Alabama, where he will as- management. beside the sidewalk entrance
sume the position of City When he was asked about to the City Hall.
Manager for that North Ala- what he thought were his most Wright said he would miss
bama city of 12,000. notable accomplishments the people of Port St. Joe. He
Wright came to Port St. Joe while here, Wright said, has made a lot of friends here.
from Tallahassee, where he "Gosh, I don't know ... It has "I'll be back in October to play
had worked for several years been a rewarding experience, in the Tapper Open. I already
with the Leon County Sheriff's I have learned a lot... and I have my tickets", Wright
Department in their account- shot my first hole in one!" said.

Kids Repor

This isn't a picture of the entrance to a Japanese subway.
It is the Commons Area of Port St. Joe High School on the
first day of school, bright and early Monday morning.
Gulf County schools started the day Monday morning
with 2,431 students, and more expected to show up after the
Labor Day holidays.
The Port St. Joe Elementary School had 557 young and
eager scholars in attendance for grades K-6 on the first day.
Principal Howard Blick stated this is slightly less than last
year, but expects attendance to pick up after the holidays.
Highland View Elementary School reported 151 students
to show up, reflecting a slight increase over last year,
according to Principal Ken Herring..

'Em 1 M ...-_a.3E

t to School

Port St. Joe High School had 836 students reported in'
enrollment, with still more to come. Principal Edwin
Williams said the pupil load is almost exactly the same as
projected for the school year.
In Wewahitchka, Elementary Principal Hugh Semmes
said his records show 486 students in that school. Semmes
said this is a little less than last year's opening day
Principal Clayton Wooten, of Wewahitchka High School
stated 401 students are now attending classes in that school.
This number of students is also slightly less than last year's
enrollment, -Star photo


You have read about it.
heard about it and wonder-
ed about it. Now. \ou can
see it, word for word, in
living black and white in
this week's issue of The
The newly revised Cons-
titution for the State of
Florida, which you will be
asked to vote on in Novem-
ber. is reproduced. word
for word, in this week's
You'll find the document
on pages 14 through 17 in
section three of this week's
The document will re-
quire about 30 minutes to
read, but to be informed on
what it does and does not
contain. The Star recom-
mends it to you for study.
The revised constitution
will be printed a second
time in the September 28

._ak Grove Billing DelayedAMonth

Oak Grove Water and Sewer
district customers will not
receive a bill for the services
during the month of Septem-
This decision was made by
the City of Port St. Joe billing
department, who will be doing
the bookkeeping on the sys-
tem. The decision was made

due to the fact that only about
20 people were hooked up at
the regular water meter read-
ing time and all the bills would
have to be figured by hand and
would amount to such a small
total that billing for use during
the month of August was post-
poned to the receipt of the
September consumption bill:

Season Football Ducats

Available at School

Receive Grant
For some time the City Commission has
been seeking permission and matching funds
for radio communications for the City's Fire
Department vehicles. At present, the de-
partment has no communications with head-
quarters or law enforcement' officials when

they are out on a call to a fire. This past week,'
the first portion of the grant came through.
Bud Schmidt, with the State Forestry Service,
who handles communications for Fire De-
partments in rural, sections of the State,
delivered a check to the City for purchase of
part of the system. Schmidt is shown
delivering the check to City Auditor and
Clerk, Mike Wright, center,, and Commis-
sioner Wesley R. Ramsey, left. -Star photo

Season tickets for all the
Shark home football games
went on sale this week, at
the opening day of school
Monday morning.
The season tickets are
available for purchase in
the business office of the
Port St. Joe High School on
Niles Road.
The Sharks will play five

home games this year and
the ,pack of tickets will
assure the purchaser a seat
in the center of the bleach-
er section.
The pack of five tickets
with. reserved seats sells
for $12.75.
Single game tickets to
the home games this year
will be $2.75 each.

This doesn't mean the peo-
ple of Oak Grove will receive
the services free they used
during the month of August. It
only means they won't be'
billed with the usage until they
receive their bills on October 1
for the September use.
Wright said the October bills
may force many beyond the
minimum bill, but the custo-
mer will reap, a saving in the
long run. "We would have had
to bill for the minimum if we
had sent out statements dur-
ing Septemrber", Wright said,
"and many had not been on
the system more than a few
days to two weeks".
Wright said that as of now,
approximately 65 homes are
hooked into the system, with
more being tied in each day.
Wright pointed out, "There
are only three or four people
available to do that type of
work in the City, and the hook-
ups ard going slow, though

they are moving as fast as
materials and labor becomes


Paper Mill
George Thomas was ser-
iously injured in an accident
at St. Joe Paper Company
Tuesday night about 9:00
p.m., according to Harold
Quackenbush, production su-
perintendent for the mill.
Thomas was injured on the
winder of the Number One
paper machine. He suffered a
least one broken rib and
serious injuries about the
arms. Thomas underwent four
hours of surgery in Panama
City Tuesday night and thus
far has lost no part of his body.
Quackenbush said Thomas
was in serious condition but
that possibly he would hot lose
any member of his body.

Campaign Interest Picks Up As Public Rallies Get Under Way

The sluggish political activities which have accompanied
this year's primary elections thus far into the campaign,
picked up a little steam Saturday afternoon as the first of the
three scheduled Democratic speaking rallies opened in
Highland View.
A crowd of approximately 150 people showed up to hear
the candidates tell them why they should be elected or
re-elected to office and sat through the whole program as

many others listened to the proceedings which were
broadcast over WJOE Radio.
The Highland View rally took on a sort of festive affair
with the Highland View Volunteer Fire Department cooking
up and selling fried mullet suppers. The photo above at left,
shows the cooking of the succulent mullet under the veranda
of the Highland View Elementary School.
The Murphy Sisters were also on hand to provide a

musical respite to the rhetoric which was offered by the
candidates. The Sisters entertained the crowds with their
rendition of country and contemporary music.
Those present listened attentively to what the various
candidates had to say. In the photo at right, a quartet of men'
discuss some of the points made. as they paid close attention
to what the politicians were saying.
The rallies will continue this Saturday with the second of

three rallies to be held in Wewahitchka in front of the
Wewahitchka State Bank, beginning at 4:00 p.m., Port St. Joe
The last of the rallies, before the fh st primary, will be
held here in Port St. Joe Saturday, September 9 in the City
Park at the foot of Fifth Street on the shores of the Bay. This
rally will also begin at 4:00 Port St. Joe time.
All citizens and politicians are invited to attend.

001 1

THE STAR. Port St. Joe, Fla THURSDAY. AUGUST 31, 1978

We're going to make local
history this week and agree with
Governor Reubin Askew. We, too,
are opposed to casino gambling and
hope you will vote against it on the
November ballot.
We, haven't been able to agree
with Askew in too many instances,
but we stand four-square beside him
on this issue.
Some people say that approval
of casino -gambling would head off
an inevitable increase in taxes next
year. It might do that. The people of,
Florida can also head off taxes by
being unalterably opposed to them.
operation of other forms of gambling
in the state hasn't headed off taxes.
:We have more than a sufficiency at
the moment, in spite of our income
from gambling.
We're happy to see that all the
gubernatorial candidates are oppos-
ed to casino gambling with the
exception of Claude Kirk, who
favors it.
We read the other day where a
SWashington, D.C. research firm,
hired by the pro-casino people, came
up with a study that by 1980, with 15
casinos operating in Miami Beach,
they would create 89,000 jobs, add
- $124 million a year to the state
treasury and produce $634 million in
new Miami Beach investment.
While the casino gambling is
making all this money available,
think of how much more it would be
taking from people, many of whom
: couldn't afford to lose that much.
An argument against casino
gambling is that it would bring
.- the mob to Florida. We don't pay
much attention to that one, since the
mob is already in Florida .and has
been for many years. Our pari-
mutuel gambling atmosphere
brought them here. Casino gambling
;-would merely solidify their position
a little more.
So, a vote for casino gambling
would help the mob, as if they
needed any of our help.

Proponents of casino gambling
will be quick to tell you they want it
only for Miami Beach. Miami Beach
wants casino gambling to aid their
slumping tourist business. The pro-
ponents ask you, "If Miami Beach
wants it, why not let them have what

SWants to

See An


Pear Editor:
.In the interest of friendly
competition, I would like to
invite the Port St. Joe Quar-
terback Club to join the Wewa
Gator Backers in the sponsor-
ship of an all-county team
following the-current season.
Coming from a small-county,
we often see the honors and
accolades pass our young
athletes by.
Naturally, guidelines and
procedures would need to be
adopted to insure a fair and
impartial selection process.
The mechanics could be
worked out by both parties
until some mutually accept-
E able agreement is reached.
As president of the Gator
: Backers, I feel that our organ-
ization would be responsive to
sharing in the establishment
of an All Gulf County Team as
a joint annual project. When
and if I have a reply from the
Quarterback Club, I will seek

they want?"
We now have 36 legalized gam-
bling establishments in the state.
These are horse tracks, dog tracks,
and jai alai frontons. We started
with only a few horse tracks under
the promise that the counties would
reap the benefit of the income.
Parimutuel betting has increased as
others saw how much money could
be made by providing a game of
chance to take it from others. The
betting business has grown from a
beginning qo only horse track opera-
tions to the three-fold shot at the
sucker's money.
How much casino gambling will
help the state monetarily is also
debatable. In the beginning the
counties received an equal share of
what was realized under parimutuel
gambling. When the counties with
the betting facilities began to see
how much money this was bringing
in they began to lobby with the
theme, "That money was made in
our county, it should remain in our
They were able to make their
point to a point. A cap was put on the
amount of money the other counties
were to receive. What started out as
a horse track operation in a few
counties had grown to a business
large enough throughout the state to
lobby their wishes through the
Don't count on casino gambling
being a free gift of reduced taxes.
As for morality: many propo-
nents of casino gambling say it is no
more moral to bet on a horse, dog or
a speeding ball than it is to bet on the
roll of the dice...
We. couldn't agree with them
Who has said the betting Florida
now allows is moral? We think there
is a need for us to use morality in
'this issue; possibly more so today
than at any other time. The moral
question is definitely to be consider-
We will vote against casino
gambling because we think gam-
bling is wrong, because it will
increase rather than reduce expens-
es to the state, and because we don't
.believe Florida needs the stigma of
being known as one of the "gambling


... to the Editor
k-~~ "
the support of our members hands, victor and vanquished
here in Wewahitchka:- alike.
Too many of us have lived at Right now, we don't seem to
both ends of our county, or be having any problems and I
have friends and family in hope that we never will. We
either place, to allow this are looking forward to hosting
friendly rivalry to become our cousins from Port St. Joe
fraught with bitterness or on September 8th, for the first
unsportsmanlike conduct. time ever. We will do anything
This kind of misunderstanding that we can to cooperate and
develops when we adults make your stay pleasant.
cause our young people to lose Hopefully, you will decide to
sight of the basic goals of come up early and have some
organized competition. In- -fried nmull-t If you are inter-
stead, we should make every ested'in getting tickets in
effort in insuring that. after advance, you can contact
sixty minutes of leather pop- Jerry Gates at the courthouse.
ping and head knocking, the Sincerely,
players are all willing to shake Rodney L. Herring

High and low tides for St.
Joseph's Bay for the upcom-
ing week are shown in the
table below. The information
is furnished by the U. S.
Weather Bureau station in

High Low
9:06 A 7:06 P



9:51 A
10:33 A
11:26 A
12:43 A
12:27 A
1:57 P
12:42 A
1:17 A

4:32 A
6:57 A
9:00 A
10:53 A

Arabs used to decorate their
camels with blue glass beads
to ward off evil spirits.

Jaycees Set Annual

"Arrive Alive" Site


Casino GamblingIssue

Deserves to Lose


A Loyman's View

induce road weary travellers
to "take a break" before
resuming their trip.
The Arrive Alive site is also
used in conjunction with the
Jerry Lewis Muscular Dyst-
trophy Telethon.
A phone line will be manned
for the purpose of taking
pledges. The Jaycees will
offer for sale, grilled hambur-
gers and hot dogs with pro-
ceeds going to M.D.
The station will operate
from 6:00 p.m. Friday to 6:00
p.m. Monday on a 24 hour
basis. Co-chairmen for the
project are Mike Blackburn
and Al Smith.


Bible Notes

If ~
in mus
rose of
to the
and the

splurge of the season, provided the fa
Last R ose arrives on schedule. If the cold weat
off, roses have been known to bloom
you are old enough or interested enough Port St. Joe on Christmas and ev
sic to remember, there's an old and Year's day. They have been so
'ul song which goes, "Twas the last dormant during the oppressively hot
Summer.. ." Here it is drawing near This one, in front of The Star building
end of summer here in the Panhandle a splurge of color this, week, prodi
e roses are making their last colorful prettiest blooms of the year. -St

"Jaws of Life" Campaig
.. T FT *A [

by Ambulance'

The Gulf County Volunteer
Ambulance Squad is trying to
raise money to purchase a
"Jaws of Life" for Gulf Coun-
ty. The "Jaws of Life" is a
hydraulic device used in res-
cue operations and is needed
by the ambulance service.
The "Jaws" develops five
tons of power and can be used
to open automobile doors,
remove a steering wheel, take
the top off an automobile, lift
up to five tons of weight and
many, many more operations.
At present, the nearest
"Jaws of Life" are in Panama
City and would take a lot of
precious time to get it here if
needed. Your volunteers' of
your ambulance service see
the need of this life saving tool
being much closer.
The "Jaws" are not only
used for automobile accidents,
but, also in 'industrial acci-
dents, home accidents, home
fires, and many other places;
anywhere power is needed to
open any kind of door, cut any
kind of hole, lift any kind of
weight, or pull anything.
The Gulf County Volunteer
Ambulance Squad needs your
help in getting a "Jaws of
Life" for Gulf County.? Join
your friends in helping your
Your friends that 'have
helped so far are: Edgar
Field, $100; Jesse Stone, $5.00;
Carol Hodges, $7.50; Pete
Ivey, $15.00; Beatrice Harr-
ington, $10.00; Ethel 0. Hol-
liday, $20.00; Mr. and Mrs.
Larry McArdle, $10.00; Lewis
Gay, $5:00; Ruth Williams,
$25.00; Campbell's Drug
Store, $5.00; Mr. and Mrs.
Sam Helminger, $25.00; Mr.
and Mrs. William Terrace,
$20.00; and contributions from
cans in town and beaches,
Won't you help? This life
saving tool costs about $6,000.

St. John 14:1 and 27
& KEY WORD: Peace
(Verse one) "Let not your
heart be troubled: ye believe
in God, believe also in me."
(Verse 27) "Peace I leave
*' with you, my peace I give unto
you: not as the world giveth,
give I unto you. Let not your
heart be troubled, neither let it
be afraid." .
Jesus is talking here in St.
: John 14, pointing us to the
V_ Father (especially in verses
six and seven) through Him-
self. In verse one, He instructs
us to not let our hearts be
concerned or distressed
(troubled). Jesus said, "Ye
believe in God, believe also in
ll season me"?' Jesus recognized that
her holds many people believe in God
n here in' but they don't know that it is
ven New through Jesus that we reach
mewhat God. St. John verse six says,
weather. "...I am the way, the truth,
g, put on and the life: no man cometh
ucing its unto the Father, but by me."
tar photo It is through this knowledge
that peace comes. In verse 27,
Jesus says He GIVES us
peace, not the peace of the
world. His peace is solid,
fn rugged, and strong. The peace


BY THIS time next week, all of us will be
getting our thoughts together about who we will
cast a ballot for on the following Tuesday. Since
election day is so near at hand, the campaigning
has stepped up its pace with all candidates
meeting themselves coming and going.
While the election process has been sort of
on the dull side for the first part of the campaign,
things are beginning to heat up considerably; at
least on the state level.
I see in the paper where candidate Claude
Kirk has called Robert Shevin a liar. Candidate-
Jim Williams has basked in the accolades of all
the candidates who are referring to him as the.
candidate who tells it like it is and promises to do
nothing he can't deliver. Bob Graham and young
Bruce Smathers have also called Bob Shevin a
liar and attacked him vociferously.
As you might expect, with all this ammuni-
tion aimed at Shevin, the polls show him in first
place in the race. The other three are about neck
and neck as to who will be in second place, with
each claiming the lead to second best.
Shevin may be doing it in south Florida, but
he won't carry first place in Northwest Florida,
in our opinion. He will get a good vote up here,
but we think either Williams or Graham will take
the Panhandle.
Williams will make a good run because of his
reputation for straight shooting and Graham will
gather a good vote in this part of the state
because of his affiliation with Marianna's Wayne
Mixon as his running mate. By the way, some of
their campaign literature has Mixon's name
spelled wrong. Some of the posters and cards
have Wayne's name spelled "Mixson". Wayne
doesn't spell it that way.
Whatever the polls read today won't
necessarily hold true tomorrow. Too, different
polls say different things. It all depends on who is
taking the sample and who asked for it.
That's the reason we have election day; to
see which poll is right.

of the world is fragile and not
lasting. And again He in-
structs us not to let our hearts
be troubled nor afraid. (The
love of Jesus gets rid of all
fear.) This does not mean we
will 'not experience trouble
and fear, but when it comes
the believer (Christian) will
call on his faith in Jesus and
the fear will disappear and the
peace of Jesus will come.


y: Wesley R. Ramsey

I UNDERSTAND the first annual senior
citizens picnic held up in Wewahitchka last
Friday afternoon, was a huge success.
The word I get is that there were over 200
people in attendance and everyone had a great
time and enjoyed a fine meal.
The picnic was sponsored and arranged by
the Senior Citizens Council and was attended by
nearly 300 people.
The affair was held at the Dead Lakes State
I also understand there was a modicum of
politicking going on during the afternoon by
various and sundry public office hopefuls.

IF YOU HAVE always wondered what the
proposed new state constitution reads like, 'you
can have your curiosity slaked this week. The
Star is carrying the entire document in the last
section of this week's issue for you to read,U
digest, study and become informed enough to
cast an intelligent vote come November.
The document is a little long. It is set in
small legal size type and it may take you a little
while to read it. In my opinion, the proposed
constitution should be required reading between
now and the November election so people of the
state can cast an intelligent vote on either its
passage or rejection.
Some have read about sections of the
constitution. There are good points and there are
bad points. The decision each of us must make is
to decide whether the good outweighs the bad or
vice versa.
It would be an impossibility to draw up a-
constitution document which would please
everyone in every way. It can't be done.
Whatever is finally approved or disapproved in a
constitution will disturb someone in some
manner. If you agree with the good parts and can
live with the bad, you should vote for the
document. If you disapprove vehemently with
some parts more than you approve the good, you
should vote against.
I plan to vote against the new document. I
don't see that much wrong with the present
document: at least not to the point where it needs ?
scrapping and a completely new document put
on record.
Some of the items in the new document, such
as abolishment of the cabinet, some of the A
manner of court appointments, etc., make the
new document not that much better than the

present constitution.

The Jaycees recently an-
nounced a change in their
annual Labor Day Arrive
Alive program. The site will
be in front of Chris' Gift Shop
at Mexico Beach. President
Glenn Kent said low ,commu-
nity support was the main
reason for the change in
location. .
Kent said, "Everyone wants
to go to the beach over Labor
Day, so we're following the
The Arrive Alive program is
an annual affair for the Jay-
cees. It consists of a stop over
for motorists passing through
this area. By offering free
coffee, the Jaycees hope to

Published Every Thursday at 306 Williams Avenue. Port St. Joe, Florida OUT OF COUNTY-5'.0O OUT OF U.S.-One Year, t9.t0
By The Star PublishingCompany PORT ST. JOE, FLOR IDA 32456
Second-Class Postage Paid at Port St. Joe, Florida 32456 TO ADVERTISERS-In case of error or omissions in advertisements, the publishers do not hold
themselves liable for damage further than amount received for such advertisement.
Wesley R. Ramsey .................. Editor and Publisher
William H. Ramsey ................. Production Supt. SECOND-CLASS POSTAGE PAID The spoken word is given scant attention; the printed word Is thoughtfully weighed. The spoken word
S Frenchie L. Ramsey .................... Office Manager AT PORT ST.JOE, FLORIDA 32456 barely aerts; the printed word thoroughly convinces. The spokenword is lost;the printed word remains.
Shirley K. Ramsey .......................... Typesetter
I -------------------------- I II -




"Our Fis

Two Gen

i r

G t the first game of the new football season next Friday and the
G getting ead y Jamboree tomorrow night in Blountstown. The Sharks have
been working hard this week, with just a short week of
"Whuuummpp!" goes the tackling dummy as members practice left before the opening game in Wewahitchka next
of the Shark line get in their practice licks, making ready for Friday. -Star photo

Sharks In Jamboree Friday Night

The Port St. Joe Sharks will
jump into their 1978 football
season tomorrow. night, when
they travel to Blountstown to
participate in the pre-season
Port St. Joe will compete in
the 'pre-season contest with
teams from Marianna, De-
Funiak Springs, Blountstown
and Bristol. All of the teams
are on the Sharks' regular
season schedule with the ex-
ception of Bristol.
Marianna and DeFuniak
Springs will take to the field at
8:00 p.m., Port St. Joe time in
the first of five playing per-
Port St. Joe and Marianna
will fill up the second playing
time, with DeFuniak Springs
and. Blountstown coming onto
the field next. Port St. Joe will
meet Bristol in the fourth
stanza, with Blountstown and
Bristol winding up the night of
As Lhe Sharks get ready for
the jamboree, ..head football
.cpach Wayne Taylor has said
he is "optimistic about the
season. We hope to be improv-
ed this year." Taylor said the
Sharks have six seniors and 13
juniors returning from last
year's squad.

"Our boys are working hard
and they have a good attitude.
They appear to want to play",
Taylor said.

GARC Plans
Bazaar Sat.
The Gulf County Association
for Retarded Citizens will be
having a bazaar on Saturday,
September 2 from 9:00 a.m. to
5:00 p.m. on Reid Avenue
between the Sugar Plum Tree
and the Top Dollar Store.
Items for sale will include
clothing, baked goods, and
arts and crafts. Proceeds will
be used as local matching
. funds for government grants
which support the Adult Activ-
ity Center.

William Watson
Enters Navy
William Thomas Watson,
son of Mr. and Mrs. Curtis
Watson of White City departed
for the Navy August 3. He is
presently in training in the
Recruit Training Command in
Orlando for the next eight
weeks. From there he will go
to Illinois.


-Served as Legislative Assistant to
Congressman Bob Sikes in Washington

-10 Year Veteran Florida Legislator

Chairman House Committee on Tourism and
Economic Development; Member Rules
Committee; Member Appropriations
In 1976 appointed by Speaker to serve as a
member of the State Resource Recovery
Council; Also appointed as a member of the
Joint House-Senate Economic Policy
Chairman Committee on Retirement,
Personnel, Claims, and Aging; Chairman Sub-
Committee on Tourism and Economic
Development of Commerce; Member
Education Committee, Governmental
Organization and Efficiency. Committee,
General Legislation Committee, Natural
Resources Committee, Commerce Com-
mittee, and several sub-committees.

He will give you prompt and straightforward
replies to all correspondence, telephone calls,
and personal requests. As your representative
in Washington, D. C. he will not put the blame
on others. As your Representative he will
accept the responsibility that "the buck stops
with Melvin."
Born July 22, 1929, Holmes County, Florida.
Public Schools and two years college,
Charleston, S.C., plus extension and self-
study courses.,
Chamber of Commerce Manager, Fort Walton
Beach, Florida.
Announcer, Writer, Sales Manager, Assistant
Station Manager, Radio Station, Quincy,

Legislative Assistant to Congressman Bob
Sikes, Washington, D.C. and Crestview,
Executive Manager, Okaloosa Island Authority,
Fort Walton Beach, Florida.
Owner Melvin Business Services, Fort Walton
Beach, Florida.
Elected State Legislature Nov. 1968; re-elected
1970, 1972, 1974, 1976; Selected a runner-up
as Outstanding Freshman of House 1969 -
Allen Morris Award.

Consistently active in various civic, business,
social, and fraternal organizations through-
out N.W. Florida.
Jerry and his wife, Pat, and their four children,
Shelly, JayGee, Jarrett, and Deena, reside
at 840 Santa Rosa Court in Fort Walton

Paid For By Milford A. Reynolds, And
Authorized By The Jerry Melvin For
Congress Committee.

"There is a growing number
of our people who are con-
cerned over the fact that in 17
of the last 19 years, our federal
government has spent more
than it took in". Representa-
tive William J. Rish told the
Rotary Club last Thursday.
Rish, who has joined a
growing number of state and
local lawmakers who have
made it their purpose to call a
Constitution Convention for
the purpose of forcing Con-
gress to live within its means.
"Some folks don't care what
kind of shape our. country is
in", Rish said. Then he asked
the question, "Where is the
money going? Over 30 percent
of our budget is used to
finance HEW, a fourth goes to
national defense and 10 per-
cent is necessary just to pay
the interest on what we have


Can be

Strenous exercise and over-
exertion can result in pro-
.blems during hot weather,
even for normally healthy
people, warn the physicians of
the Florida Medical Associa-
Normally healthy people
may suffer from painful heat
cramps if they exercise or
work too hard in hot weather.
These muscle spasms of the
legs, arms and abdomen are
caused by a depletion of salt in
the body as a result of
excessive perspiration.
Often heat cramps will re-
spond to rest, warm wet
towels and sips of fluids.
Much more severe is heat
stroke, or sun stroke. This is a
reaction to extreme heat
which paralyzes the heat regu-
lating centers in the brain.
The victim exhibits an abnor-
mally high temperature, but
his skin will be dry. Since this
condition can be fatal, a
physician should be consulted


cal Policies Stealing from

operations" -Rep. Billy Rish
borrowed." from two generations", Rish Rish declared that there are
Rish pointed out that the said. "First we are destroying two ways to combat the rising
national debt amounted to less the value of our parents' debt. "First, states can sub-
than 100 million from that date savings. They saved a little mit a resolution to Congress
ih 1t wa ... m niinn iq no n4 ti n1t t l qn d n l d1 for a Constit tion Conventi-

Ill 1776 wlentll e nationn was
first founded until 1943, two
years into the second world
war. From 1943 to 1977 the
debt has jumped to over 700
billion dollars, or $3,291 for
every man, woman and child
in the nation. Rish also pointed
out that our buying power has
fallen by 50 percent from .1965
to 1977.
"This means we are stealing

it is practically worthless.
Next, we are stealing from our
children and grandchildren.
They must now pay for what
we have squandered away,
buying services for today for
someone else to pay for to-
Rish declared, "No entity
can continue to spend more
than it makes."

Next, Congress can pass and
submit to the individual states
a Constitutional Amendment
to control spending."
Rish said there are now 24
states on the program to call
for the Convention. "We need
only 34 to force Congress to
act. We're serious about this
thing, and intend to see it
through to the end."


Mrs. Albert Dozier, 64, Dies In Apalachicola

Mrs. Alberta Dozier, 64, a
resident of Port St. Joe,
passed away .Thursday after-
noon in Weems Memorial
Hospital in Apalachicola.
Mrs. Dozier had been a
resident of Port St. Joe for the
past 27 years moving here
from Eufaula, Ala. and was a
member of the Zion Fair
Baptist Church.
Survivors include; one
daughter, Mrs. Georgia A.
Fenn of Port St. Joe, four
grandchildren, one great

Brother of Local
Residents Dies
Rocky Earl Williams, age
44, of Broken Arrow, Okla.
died Monday, August 21. Mr..
Williams was born in West-
ville and was a Korean War
Survivors include his wife
Mrs. Lucille Williams, two
daughters Mrs. James R.
Davis and Miss Gwen Wil-
liams of Broken Arrow, Okla.,
two brothers Alvin and Elzie
Williams of Port St. Joe, and
two grandchildren.
Funeral services were held
Wednesday at Sisco Chapel,
with interment in the Friend-
ship Cemetery in Springdale,
Ark.. .
Alvin and Elzie Williams
attended the services.

grandchild, and one sister, Charles P. Price officiating.
Mrs. Lillian Martin of Eufau- Interment followed in the
la, Ala. family plot of Forest Hill
Funeral services were held Cemetery of Port St. Joe.
at 3:00 p.m. Monday in the All services were under the
Zion Fair Baptist Church of direction of Comforter Fune-
Port St. Joe with the Rev. ral Home.


| L Leonard J.


m^ ^ DISTRICT9 ,
Honest Dependable DEMOCRAT
, Dedicated Interested

Reared in Calhoun County
I== Graduated Blountstown High, 1961 i
Reduce State Spending
Cut Taxes .
Increase Homestead Exemption
i More Efficient Use of Educational Funds
S Against Legalized Casino Gambling
Better Job Opportunities thru New Industry
-- Leonard Hall is a man of the people, representing no 2
special interest groups.
Paid Political Announcement Paid tfor by Herman Daniels. Campaign Treas.
.g1111111111111111111111111111111 111111IIIIIIIIIIIII1

the next 22% is


i *L
&ii4 S


401 Reid Avenue
Phone 227 1277

Port St. Joe, Florida

2e4 4s



A TFan/e's Enure


Friday Sept 1st Saturday 2nd Monday 4th

22% bonus applies to all purchases made inside

the store nothing is held back the entire store

stock is available to you during this sale.

Here is how it works

You buy any amount that you want

You buy $500 worth-you get next $110 worth FREE

Register Friday Saturday Monday

F R E s No purchase necessary. Drawing will be

5:00 PM Monday. You do not have to
be present to win.

The sale where you can buy what you want

and know you are getting a great value.


BrendaFairley andBud

Morris Are Wed Aug. 13

In an impressive candlelight
ceremony Brenda Joyce Fair-
ley became the bride of Roy
William "Bud" Morris, Jr.
The wedding was solemnized
in the sanctuary of the First
Baptist Church of Moss Point,
Miss. on Sunday afternoon,
August 13.
Elder Charles Careno, min-
ister of the Reorganized
Church of Jesus Christ, of
Latter Day Saints, and uncle
of the groom, officiated at the
double ring ceremony.
The bride's parents are Mr.
and Mrs. P.B. Fairley of Moss
Point. Parents of the bride-
groom are Mr. and Mrs. Roy
William Morris, Sr. of Grand
Bay, Alabama.
Nuptial music for the cere-
mony was provided by David
Landrith, organist and Miss
Ginger Randal, pianist. Wil-
'bur L. Smith, Jr., uncle of the
:bride was soloist.
The chprch was decorated
:with large Grecian urns on tall
-,white columns containing ar-
-rangements of yellow and
:white roses, baby's breath,
,:fugi mums and daisies. The
.:background was centered with
:a thirty three branch candle
::tree and flanked by nine
.:branch candle trees holding
wbjite tapers. The altar setting
was completed by polished
,ade trees. White satin ribbon
bows with sprays of jade
leaves and baby's breath
inmarked the family pews.
Given in marriage by her
father, the bride chose a
:formal gown of sheerganza
,and silk Venice lace over peau
.taffeta. The gown featured a
-'ameo neckline with a double
bertha collar forming caplet
:sleeves edged in lace. The
bodice was designed with-lace
:,appliques. The flounced hem-
.line of the A-line skirt and the
'attached court train were
,edged in silk lace motifs. She
'wore a finger tip veil of silk
.illusion edged in lace attached
ito a Juliet head piece'of lace.
She carried a nosegay of
yellow rosebuds, white daisies
-and baby's breath encircled
by chantilly lace.
Upon entering the sanctu-
ary, the bride and her father
paused to present her mother
with a long stemmed yellow
rqse. Following the ceremony
the couple lit a unity candle
:.eild the bride presented the
:groom's mother with a rose.
'Teresa Fairley, twin sister
,of the bride, served as maid of
honor. Bridesmaids were He-
len Bennett, Karen Hester and
Deborah Taylor all of Moss
Point. The attendants wore
identical dresses of maize
yellow organza with flounced
hem. The semi-train was.
picked up and attached at the
waist at center back with a
self fabric rose .forming a
bussell back effect. An organ-
za cape formed caplet sleeves
over the empire bodice. They
carried nosegays of white
Roy William Morris, Sr.
: attended his son as best man.
Groomsmen were Vance Till-
man and Ronnie Collins, both
":cousins of the groom and
.'.Rickey Randall all of Pasca-
.goula. Ushers were Randy
:McArthur and Barry Adcock,
cousin of the groom.
For her daughter's wedding,
!Mrs. Fairley chose a formal
slate blue lace gown featuring
'a pleated bertha collar. She
:wore matching accessories.
,.The bridegroom's mother
-wore an empire waisted floral
gown accented with seed
pearls. Both mothers had
:corsages of white daisies and
r'pink sweetheart roses.
i Following the ceremony the
couple was honored by the
bride's parents at a reception
in the Christian Life Center of
.the church. Mrs. Tolbert Ben-
nett and Mrs. Daniel Hester
were in charge. Presiding at
'the registry was Miss Cindy
IVMorris, sister of the groom.
i Serving at the bride's table
Ewere Mrs. Wilbur L. Smith,
Jr., aunt of the bride, Mrs.
Philip Roney, Miss Angela
:Couch and Miss Amy Sher-
:man. Tea girls were Misses "
:.iaura Smith, cousin of the
:bide, Susan Rouse, Susan
:T.aylor, and Rita DeAngelo.
:Hostesses were Mrs. Leonard
I-ill and Mrs. Jerry Whitt.
:i Special guests were Mr. and
: Mrs. George Roy Morris and

*Mrs. Rollie Bang, grandpar-
ents of the groom and Mrs.
:Wilbur L. Smith, maternal
grandmother of the bride.
-Q Out of town guests were Mr.
and Mrs. Vasilios Siempsiri-
'.diw, Mr. and Mrs. Richard


Barbour, Sr. and son Brian of
Mobile, Ala; Mrs. Sylvia Cole
and daughters Rachel and
Jennifer, Mrs. Curtis Davis,.
Mrs. Bon Webb of Vancleave;
Mrs. Donald Batia, Mrs. John
Webb, Mrs. Dwain Webb and
daughter Melinda of Ocean
Springs; Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur
L. Smith, Jr. and children
Laura and Ken of Slidell, La.;
Mrs. Robert Alcorn and Mrs.
C.H. Holloway of Chattahoo-
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Morris,
Sr. entertained on the eve of
the wedding with rehearsal
dinner for members of the.
bridal party in the Social hall
of the Reorganized Church If

Jesus Christ of Latter Day
Saints. The couple chose this
time to present gifts to their
attendants. Assisting in serv-
ing were Mrs. Charles Careno
and Mrs. Jerrel Adcock.

Gospel Sing at

Highland View

Church of God
The Highland View Church
of God is having a gospel sing,
Saturday night, September 2
at 7:30 p.m. Special singers
will be ''The Searchers" from
Mayo. Everyone is welcome to
cpm e.. L.... .-..


Corner of Fourth St. & Second Ave.
Welcome Friends
SUNDAY SCHOOL .................. 9:45A.M.
WORSHIP SERVICES ..... 11:00 A.M. & 7:30 P.M.
CHURCH TRAINING (Sunday) ......... 6:30 P.M.
MID-WEEK PRAYER (Wednesday) .... 7:30 P.M.
Nursery Provided



County Commissioner,

District Two

.Honest Dependable Progressive

Your Vote and Support

will be AppreCiated


Presbyterian Church
Sixteenth St.

Sunday .. ......... 10:00 AM

Welcome to Everyone

First United

Methodist Church
Constitution and Monument Ave.
Port St. Joe, Fla..

CHURCHSCHOOL ......................... 9:45A.M.
PREACHING SERVICE .......... 11A.M. &7:00 P.M.
CHOIR REHEARSAL (Wednesday) ......... 7:30 P.M.

-a- -Now A

By:.Cubie Laird
Gardening along Florida's
coastline is a difficult proposi-
tion to say the least. Plants
grown here are subject to
constant wind, abrasion from
blowing sand and exposure to
salt spray. Add to this the fact
that soils near the coast are
very infertile, practically de-
void of important soil organic
matter, extremely dry and
often contain excess salts and
you quickly see why this is a
hostile environment for many
ornamental plants..
Fortunately, there are seve-
ral ways the homeowner can
partially overcome these pro-
blems. Proper soil prepara-
tion js a-good place to start.
The inherent low fertility of
coastal soils can be compensa-
ted for by addition of.fertili-
zers containing nutrients
needed by plants. However,
fertilizers can quickly leach
out of these soils since there is
little humus or clay to hold the
nutrients. So. the real key is
probably the addition of orga-
nic matter. Any type of orga-
nic matter will not only aid
retention of added fertilizer,
but will retain moisture and
make coastal soils less
drought. Fertilizers contain-
ing minor elements like iron,
copper, zinc, etc., often need
to be applied to' the soil in
coastal areas.
Screens of plant materials
can be used to reduce wind
and sand damage, thus mak-
ing the site better to grow
So far, we have partially
solved some of the problems of
gardening on the coast, but the
remaining problem excess
salt is perhaps the toughest

to overcome.
Salt adversely affects plants
in two wdys. Excess salts in
the soil greatly reduce the
water uptake by plants. Even
if the soil has plenty of water,
little may be available to
plants if too many salts are
present. Secondly, salts can be
directly toxic to plants. Put
some table salt on a wet blade
of grass, and you'll see what
salt-burn looks like. Salt spray
will produce a characteristic
scorched or burned appear-
ance on leaves and leaves will
eventually drop off the plant.
Salt burns not only leaves but
also roots if in excess in the
For plants susceptible to
salt toxicity there are only two
ways to solve the problem.
Movement of fresh water
through the soil is the only
method of removing the salt
and washing of salt from
leaves by rain or irrigation is
the only way to prevent burn.
There are no "magical chemi-
cals" which will remove salt
from the soil or plant foliage.
Only leaching with fresh wa-
ter will really be effective.
But what if you can't irri-
gate or your water supply is,
itself, too salty? Then you
have the second alternative -
remove sensitive plants and
replace them with "salt-tole-
rant" species.
It would be impossible to list
all the salt-tolerant plants we
can grow in Florida but a
selected few might be helpful.
The following plants are re-
ported to be highly tolerant of
salt spray:
Vines Climbing fig, Alger-
ian ivy, honeysuckle, alla-
manda, flame vine;
Ground covers Dichondra,

lilly turf, lippia, periwinkle,
trailing, lantana, wedelia,
zamia, sedums, dwarf caris-
sa, and many dwarf junipers;
Shrubs Agave, yucca, box-
wood, elaeagnus, yaupon hol-
ly, carissa, wax myrtle, ole-
ander, pittosporum, zamia
and again many junipers;
Palms Cabbage palm,
palmetto, coconut, Canary
date, pindo, Washingtona, and
Thrinax and Cocothrinax
Many, many trees and her-
baceous plants could also be
And how about some of our
'native' plants? It was sug-
gested many years ago that
one. of the greatest and most
immediately needed aids to
Florida horticulture was an
expedition to explore the en-
tire Florida coastline to de-
scribe all the plants which
would be suitable and avail-
able for beach landscaping.

Captain and Mrs. Jose F.
Morales are proud to an-
nounce the birth of their son,
Erradame Core. on August 6,
at Tripler Army Medical Cen-
ter, Hawaii. Erradame
weighed six pounds. 14 ounces
and was 19:.i inches long.
Sharing in their joy are the
maternal grandparents. Mr.
and Mrs. John W. Core of Port
St. Joe, and paternal grand-
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jose
Morales of Tampa.

George Bernard Shaw won
the Nobel Prize for literature
in 1925.

Tracie Lee Williams R


Mr. and Mrs. Lee Williams
of Port St. Joe announce the
engagement of their daughter
Tracie Lee to Raymond Park-
er Hart, son of Mr. and Mrs.


Pd. for by Campaign Treas.

raymond Parker Hart


Curtis Hart of Beacon Hill. A
January wedding is planned.
A date will be set at a later




Gulf County

School Board

District One

Honest Dependable

(Prices Good Thru Sept. 9th
Wk;I ,ila h ..an i, I nte~

Sea Coast Presents A

Problem for Gardening

THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla.- THURSDAY, AUGUST 31. 1979


Shorthand Class' H V. PTA

Offered On

Tuesday Nights
If you are interested in
learning shorthand or improv-
ing your shorthand skills,
enroll now in the shorthand
course offered by the Commu-
nity Services Department.
The course is being taught
on Tuesday nights from 7:00
p.m. to 9:00 p.m. at Port St.
Joe High School. The fee is $10
per month. Call Sharon Wat-
son at 227'-1259 for further

THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, AUGUST 31,1978

Will Meet

The Highland View Parent-
Teacher Association will have
their first meeting for the
1978-79 school year Tuesday,
September 5 at 7:30 in the
School Cafeteria.
All parents are urged 'to
"What is now proved was
once only imagined."
William Blake

I eds C.C.
I Marjorie Eulen Rogers and
Cabell Carrington Vassie, Sr.
were united in marriage at
10:00a.m., July 22, in the First
United Methodist Church cha-
pel. Dr. Si Mathison officiated
the double ring ceremony.
The bride is the daughter of
Mrs. Eula Rogers and the late'
H.A. Rogers of Port St Joe.
The bridegroom is the son of
the late' Mr. and Mrs. John
-Vassie of Mulberry.
The bride was escorted to
the altar by her longtime
friend and co-worker, E.W.
Robinette. She was given in
marriage by her daughter,
Brenda Rogers.
The bride was attired in a
floor-length aqua pongee gown
with scooped neckline. The
princess style gown was trim-
men in lace at the neck and the
long skirt was enhanced by a
wide ruffle at the hem. The
angel wing style finger length
B -sleeves were fashioned of blue
chiffon and trimmed with
.ace.'Mrs. Emmaline Parrish,.
-longtime friend of the bride,
created the headpiece of
baby's breath and three yel-
low "forever yours" sweet-
heart roses. He bridal bouquet
was a cascade of blue baby's
breath and sweetheart roses
surrounding an orchid. Blue
streamers fell from the cas-
cade to accent the colors of
the flowers. The bridal bou-
quet was also a creation of
Mrs. Emmaline Parrish.
For her wedding the bride
wore a gold locket with en-
graved and subtly colored
lovebirds supported on a fine
gold chain, a gift from the
Miss Brenda Rogers, daugh-
ter of the bride, served as
maid of honor. She wore a long
aqua princess style gown with
spaghetti straps and an over-
blouse of blue chiffon with lace
accent. She wore yellow
sweetheart roses in her hair
and carried three long stem-
med yellow sweetheart roses
with yellow ribbon streamers.
Flower girls were Lisa Ro-
.gers, niece of the bride and
daughter of Lewis and Annette
Rogers of Jacksonville, and
Lisa Vassie, granddaughter of
the bridegroom and daughter

Vassie, Sr.
of James and Caryl Vassie of
Panama City. They were iden-
tically dressed in long. aqua
dresses with cape collars and
ruffle at the bottom. They
carried white baskets filled
with rose petals.
Candlelighters were David
and Mike Rogers, nephews of
the bride and sons of Annette
and Lewis Rogers of Jackson-
Serving as best man was
James Vassie, son of the
bridegroom. Ushers were
Frank Scarfo, Edward Par-
rish and Lewis Rogers, bro-
ther of the bride.
For her daughter's wedding
Mrs. Rogers wore a polyester
tan dress with yellow and
green rose print. She wore a
yellow rose corsage.

Wins Trophy

These lovely young ladies will be cheering for the Junior
Varsity athletics during the upcominglyear, and have proven
themselves to be tops in their fields. They recently attended
cheerleading camp in Tallahassee, and came home with a
first place trophy in the cheerleading grand competition.
Other awards won at camp include: a blue ribbon in finals
and grand competition, "Super Spirit" ribbon, best entrance,
exit and jumps, and the "Spirit Stick" twice.
Shown in the above photo, are: bending, I to r, Marcia
i. Stoutamire, Ann Ward, Lori McClain-. and Lindy Moore. On
their backs, from left, are: Trish Tapper, Tracie McClain
and Pam Sanborn. Lisa Whaley is in the center holding the
trophy. Not pictured are Latricia Allen and June Foxworth.


Music Eva

Duo at Fir

Following me ceremony a The pastor, minister of mu-
reception in the fellowship hall sic and church family invite
of the church was given by you to attend weekend revival
Beta Sigma Phi sorority mem- services at the First Baptist
bers. Church, September 8-10.
The bride is a graduate of The Friday and Saturday
Port -. 7l4oe High School.and, evenring services wifl b held
Gulf Coast Community Col- at 7:30 p.m. The Sunday
lege. She is a member of Xi services will be held at 11:00
Theta Zeta Chapter of Beta
Sigma Phi, an advisory board
member of Home Economice
and DECA of Bay County. She
has been on the advertising
staff of the Panama City
News-Herald for 13 years.
The groom is a board mem-
ber of the Mental Health
Association, Bay County His-
torical Society, National As-
sociation of Federal Retired
Persons,. Westside Men's Club .-
and Toastmasters of Bay ,
County. He is retired assistant
fire chief at the Navy Lab. '
The couple makes their
home at 1023 W. 12th Court,
Panama City. Out of town
guests were; Mr. and Mrs.
Dan Hatfield, Sr., Mrs. Ruth
Williams and Mrs. Linda Cox
of Port St. Joe; Mr. and Mrs.
Pelham Revell of Wewahitch-
,ka; Mr. and Mr.s B.G. Burke o
Brewton, Ala.; Mrs. Martha
Lankford of Ponce de Leon;
Tim Mims of Port St. Joe;-"9
Annette and Lewis Rogers of
Jacksonville; Mr. and Mrs.
R.B. Strickland of Tampa; #-. "
Mrs. Margaret Hall of Lake-
land; and Mr. and Mrs. Clyde
Smith of Bayou George.
r '"

The First
Pentecostal Holiness Church
Invites You to Worship with Them
William Wilson, Pastor
SUNDAYSCHOOL ........................ 9:45 AM
MORNING WORSHIP ... ; ................ 11:00AM
EVENING WORSHIP ..................... 7:00 PM
WEDNESDAY NIGHT..................... 7:00 PM

Madison Street Phone 229-6271
Sunday School ............................ 9:45 A.M.
Morning Worship ......................... 11: 00 A.M.
Youth Service .......................... 5:00 P.M.
Evening Evangelistic Service............ 6:15 P.M.
Mid-week Bible Study (Wednesday) ....... 7:15 P.M.
Morning Prayer Meeting (Mon.-Fri.) ..... 9:00 A.M.
"Where Eternal Friendships Are Made"


-st Baptist
a.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Ron and Patricia Owens,
full time music evangelists of
Fort Worth, Texas, will be
guests of the church., They will
be presenting sermons in song
in all the service,-which wilts%
deal with scripture, testimony '
and music.

I *9

SThe Great 'umpkin

Rev. Orville Reynolds of Howard Creek
brought these giant pumpkins in to The Star

Singing School

Set for Sunday
The A.O.H. Church of God,
106 Robbins Avenue, will be
conducting a singing and dra-
ma school Sunday evening
from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m., accord-
ing to the pastor of the church,
Elder Furnell. Mrs. T. Bill will
be the singing and drama
director. Mrs. W. M. Simmons
will be the Bible teacher.
Anyone wishing to attend
may do so. Any student desi-
ing to participate with a
'musical instrument 'is invited
to bring it.

office last week end to show off the abilities of
the Howard Creek soil to grow pumpkins. Of
course, Rev. Reynolds helped with his
applications of a dash of hoeing; fertilizing
and watering. The largest of the pumpkins
measured 58 inches around. -Star photo

-Star photo

I would like to express my
thanks to my friends for the
love and concern shown me
during my surgery. Thanks
for the beautiful flowers,
cards, and most of all, your
prayers. Thank you, Bro. Bill
and every one at First Baptist
Church for your love.
Mrs. Moltil Parish

We would like to thank the
many friends and relatives for
all their kindness and sym-
pathy during the illness and
death of our loved' one. Special
thanks to Rev. Jeters and Rev.
O'Daniel and the Comforter
Funeral Home. God bless you
The Family of
Rose Logan





* The Good Lord willing and
the creek don't rise .....

Indian Pass


will again be available

beginning 5 P.M., Friday,

Sept. 1. Call


to reserve
your bushel.

Marjorie Rogers

Florida 1st National Bank

has a free gift

for you!

an 8x1O

natural color

of you or

your family!

This lovely portrait of your entire family will be taken at our offices by
professional photographers ... And, like a savings account, this beautiful
portrait will.grow more valuable to you as the years go by!
All you do for your free portrait is call us and make an appointment for
your portrait sitting. These sittings may be arranged for evenings and
weekends, so Dad can be there!
This is our gift to you. You need not he a customer you do not have to
open an account or make a deposit.
Within 30 days, you will be able to return and take your choice of several
poses for your free portrait. At this time, you may purchase additional
portraits at special low prices-but you are under i.o obligation to do so.
Call today and take advantage of this free portrait offer .. it's just our
way of saying thank you to our customers and the community we serve.
One free portrait per family, please.

Florida 1st National Dank

at Por St. Joe



Sunday, Sept. 3

at Gulf Sands at St. Joe Beach

From 9 to 5


Local & Area Scenes by

Cloteal Burke



PAGE SIX" THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1978


For over 5,000 years, RX has sym-
bolized mdn's weapons against
disease. The ancient Egyptians
used the magic eye of Horus,
God of Day; as a charm to guard
them against ills and suffering.
Centuries later, the eye reap-
peared in a form similar to our
1"4" and evolved gradually into
its present RX. But your doctor
'doesn't depend on Horus or'
Jupiter... he relies: on your Rexall
Pharmacist and the improved
drug products your pharmacist
stocks. You; too, can rely on
S Rexall brand products.


Ph. 227-3371 317 Williams
Convenient Drive-In Window
Plenty of Free Parking

-Art Show at

Beach Sunday
There will be an art show
Sunday September 3rd at the
Gulf Sands on St. Joe Beach
S, frqm 9:00 .nm. until 5:00 p.m.
featuring local and area
scenes by Clotel Burke.


t /Notices
S IN RE: The Estate of
the,administration'of the estate of JOHN
CLIFTON DILL, deceased, File Number
.78.23, is pending in the Circuit Court for
Gulf County, Florida, Probate Division,
the address of which is Gulf County
Courthouse, Port St. Joe, Florida. The
personal representative of the estate is
JUANITA DILL, whose address is Route
.':*. ;3, Box 172, Wewahitchka. Florida. The
Same and address of the personal
representative's attorney are set forth
All,persons having claims or demands
against the estate are required, WITHIN
'THIS NOTICE, to file with the clerk of
the above court a written statement of
any claim or demand they may have.
Each claim must be in writing and must
indicate the basis for the claim, the
name and address of the creditor or his
agent or attorney; and the amount
claimed. If the claim is not yet due, the
:" date .when it will become due shall be
'stated. If the claim is contingent or
_.u-liquidated, the nature of the uncer-
ainty shall be described. The claimant
':spall. deliver sufficient copies of the
claim to the clerk to enable the clerk to
:mail one copy to each personal repre-
All persons interested in the estate to
-whom a copy of this Notice of Admini-
'.stration has been mailed are required,
:OF THIS NOTICE, to file any objections
.they may. have that challenges the
-validity of the decedent's will, the
-qualifications of the personal represent.
t, active. or the venue or jurisdiction'of teh
Date of the first publication of this
Notice of Administration: August 31,
As Personal Representafive of the
Attorneys for Personal Representative
By: Raymond L. Syfrett
P. 0. Box 1186
Panama City, FL 32401 '
- -* 2t 8-31
The Apalachee Regional Planning
Council proposes to engage the services
of a multi-disciplined consulting organic. ,
ration for a f-asibility study of a new
'port facility near Port St. Joe,< Florida.
The selection of a firm will be made in
accordance with the Consultants' Com.
petitive Negotiation Act (F.S. 73-19). In
addltlon to having Port Site planning
ability the firm should be experienced
in conducting a marketing analysis, a
financial analysis and design of a deep.
water ship berth, railroads, loading
docks, conveyor systems, warehouses
and other supporting facilities. For a
more detailed analysis of the Scope of'
Work to be performed please contact:
Hon. J. Lee Vause, Chairman
Apalachee Regqonal Planning Council
P. 0. Box 428
Blountstown, Florida 32424
(904) 674.4461
Senator George Tapper
P. 0. Box 280
Ward Ridge, Florida 32456
(904) 227.1111
2t8 "

Patrol Advises You Pull Well Off the Road to Change Tire

Drivers who have a flat tire
should never stop in the
roadway said the Florida
Highway Patrol recently.'
Patrol Director Colonel El-
drige Beach said, "One sure
way to become involved in a

serious traffic crash is to stop
in the roadway and interfere
with the normal flow of traf-
Drivers who have a flat tire
should never stop on a'bridge
or just over a hill. Other

driver's minds are not always
geared to react to a sudden
emergency. The first driver
behind a stopped vehicle may
avoid a crash but the second
driver has his vision .obscured
until it is too late.

When a blowout or flat ti;-:';-
experienced while in motion,
the operator should remove
his foot from the accelerator,
do not apply brakes, hold the
steering wheel firmly until the
vehicle has slowed, then steer

onto the shoulder. The emer-
gency flashers should be
turned on as soon as the
vehicle is under control.
Do not stop where changing
a tire on the left side would
olace the changer out into the

moving traffic.
Beach concluded by saying,
"The ruining of a tire and
wheel by driving to a safe
place if the blowout occurs on
a bridge is a small matter as
compared to taking a.chance

of being killed."

The first white man ,known
to have set foot on what is
now the Pacific coast of the
U.S. was Spanish explorer Juan
Roderiguez Cabrillo in 1542.

Special Day At West For You!

Open Labor Day

5400 E. Hwy 98 Parker, Panama City 763-1739
7:30-8:00 M-F 8:00-4:00 Sat. 10:00-2:00 Sun.

Spectacular low price on easy to ose latex.
In white only. Soap and water cleanup.
No. 635010.
West's "Blue Label" applies quickly and
comes in popular colors.
Covers in one coat. Dirt, finger marks,
pencil marks wash off with soap and wat-
er. Will not fade. Smooth application.'
Popular colors.

o90TN up




White exterior latex goes on' smoothly
for a tough, weather-resistant finish.,
No. 609120.
West's "Red Label" exterior latex features
long lasting durability and popular col-
ors. No. 609110R.
Chalk, fade, stain and weather resistant
for years of beauty. Covers In one coat.
Non-yellowing. No.: 609123R. Popular

o HAMR R B IAB 'N Not responalble
AKAMERICARS S for typographlal
LEtd S errors.
Limited Quantitles. All Items Advertised Available For Sale at Normal Sales Rate.

Turbine Roof Vent

Turbine vents spin smoothly, quietly
on jewel bearings, require no maln-
tenance. Simple installation. No. 130063.
Adjustable Base, No. 130073...... .6.99

Gable Mount Attic
Vent Ventilator

S.. Thermostatically controlled,
cools attic and reduces running
time of air conditioners during hot summer months.
Cuts energy consumption! No. 343

Roof Mounted
Power Ventilator

S/ o' ,All aluminum construction
vent helps cut cooling cost as much as 30%, pro-
tects from humidity and mildew damage. No. H i-15.
See them now atWestl

,/ Belt-driven four blade fan. Draws
0 cool night airinto every room of the
house. CW30 fan has a 1/V horsepower
spring tension motor. No. 001030.


Aluminum shutter extra



Saves energy and lowers
cooling costs. Prehung,
2 ft. 8 in. wide. All hard-
ware is included for fast,
easy installation.
No. 824049. "

A-100 Avanti Flush
Insulated Door Unit


Steel reinforced security plates, -
unique Endurseal weatherstripping,
and adjustable thresholds. Helps
cooling and heating. 2'8" x 6'8".
No. 941001, 941002.


Popular six panel colonial
d design. Quality construct-
ed fir door is built to last for
years and years. 1%" thick,
3'0" x 6'8". No. 821064.





1/2" Utility Plywood

S 4 x 8 Ft. 6 9 LUMBERJACK ,
An Ideal grade of plywood __ X
"oIr theavera1home 2 x 4 -s
project. avN. 4Come in and stock up at this fantastic low price
L.-.t 50 please No 525071

BOARD 4 x 8 FT.
1/4" Pre-Finished Paneling 6 9 9 Use for making cabinets, book-
4 x 8 Ft. eac shelves n your garage or inside
Choose-from an assortment of real wood paneling. Easy to your house, etc. No148005
install paneling Is a woodgrain print on hardwood. West has
all the accessories needed for a truly professional job.


(shower head and
LP faucet extra)

Combination bath tub and shower
design is spacious and convenient.
Warm to the touch and slip resistant
all over; not just on the bottom.
No. 770025,6.

Easy to install bathtub enclosure is safer
than standard glass. Can be installed -with,
everyday tools. Operates smoothly on
aluminum track. No. 733012. .

Let WEST help YOU
delgn and plan your
new kitchen with

Now I lhI tlht to plan your new kitchen al tow introductory prices' Thase e*ay 0o assemble cabinets and
ire=w.enbt.dr awrn furniture yI in Walnut with a tough acrylic finish you can Scrub Or even scour
nlk and out 0At -lyouslte.w ige prot.cionIhl looking naut w'th the patened Unr1ly o fysle I o dowel'
locked units At th.eslow picia. you con ha. o buift in look aI bargain prices A rarityy 015sI 10 c oose from

Start with
this 60" Starter Set

This starter set s a beginning Add to 1 or use atone Whatever
you decide. WEST will b there 1o help. No 020348
This pricedoes not Include counterlop. sink or ucl.

Cultured Marble Top
Vanity Cabinet

Durable white finish with rich gold color
trim..Smooth cultured marbled top
adds a look of luxury. 19" wide. No. 743025.
Your bathroom deserves itl

^. Solid or Perforated
Sewer Pipe

10 ft. piece
4" plastic drain pipe Is rot, rust and
corrosion resistant. Solid for house
to sewer lines; perforated for sep-
Carloni tic tank drainage, field irrigation.
.....n...ac..... No 745002,6.



S Enjoythe advantages of a woodburning fire-
mR -- s ra-- place next winter at West low prices now. They
are easy to install and come with complete
theorypacefreplOces starter set. 36" size. No. 474013. Don't miss an
opportunity to have one of these Heatilator
ha tdlpatp r fireplaces now at West.
-%N0 -3<- : :A: r ..'^ A- T?

, 4

Metal Buildings

10x9 124. 10x14 179.
Electrogalvanized all steel roof and wall panels, heavy gauge hot-
dipped galvanized steel framing, baked-on five step rust-resistant
polyester finish and heavy gauge aluminum padlockable door han-
dles. No. 451054 and No. 451055.


178 I
(Faucet extra)
Heavy duty poly-propelene, triple
strength ribbed construction. Im-
pact heat and chemical resistant.
Each tub holds 22 gallons. (83.3
liters) No. 740001.

Follow Smokey's advice-
break your matches !



`I I I





First Baptist

... Wins Church Softball League

First Baptist Church won
first place in a best two out' of
three playoff for the men's
church league this past week.
First Baptist was the first half
season winner, and First Me-
thodist came on strong and
conquered the second half
Two games were played last
Tuesday night, and First Bap-
Stist won the first one and First
Methodist the second. The
third and deciding game was
played on Thursday evening
and the Baptists took the

THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1978

game by a decisive 16-3 mar-
gin. -
There were six teams in our
church league this year. They
were: First Baptist, First
Methodist, Long Avenue Bap--
tist, Oak Grove Assembly,
Beach Baptist Chapel and a
group made up from several
churches call the Multichurch
Team. With the new facilities
being available next season,
the church softball could
stand extension. How about
some ladies or youth teams
next year?

t 7Golf Lessons On Tap

The Recreation Department
will be offering Golf lessons at
the 16th Street golf course
beginning Monday, Septem-
Ser 11. Billy Barlow will be the
Instructor and there will be a
nominal fee of $10 for the six
weeks course.
Barlow is. a very capable
instructor and has helped
numerous people with their
game. The course will concen-
trate on the fundamentals of
the game and the basic mech-

anics of the swing, grip, and
proper club and body posi-
If you would like to learn the
game or if you need help with
your present game this would
be an excellent opportunity for
you. Call 229-6119 to. enroll.
This will not be a person to
person class, but a seminar,
exhibition type class followed
by a short period of personal

Interested In Dancing?

If you are interested in
having dance lessons taught
here in Port St. Joe, the
Recreation Department needs
your help. There have been
several-people who have
shown interest in ballet and
modern dance, but not enough
in numbers to justify enlisting

an instructor.
If you would support such a
program by enrolling your
child, please call the Recrea-
tion Department, at 229-6119
and leave your name and a
number where you can be

Youth Flag Football
Registration for youth flag Youngsters in the 4th, 5th,
football will be held between and 6th grades are invited to
10:00 a.m. and 12:00 noon participate this year. There
September-9th it the softball will be a $2:00registration fee
field across from the Centen- due at the time of registra-
nial Building. I tion.

Florida Bank Making

Offer of Free Portraits

The Florida First National
Bank of Port St. Joe 'is now
offering an 8" x 10"- natural
:color portrait to its customers
and new depositors.
These portraits of your en-
tire family are being taken at
ourt facility by professional
photographers. To facilitate
the picture taking sessions,
appointments are being made
available during evening and
weekend hours, so Dad can be
All customers have to do for
their free portrait is call the
bank at 229-8282 or stop by and
make an appointment for their
portrait sitting Within 30 days
after the portraits are taken,
customers will be able to

return to the'bank and choose
the pose they prefer for their
portrait. This selection is
made from actual finished
portraits, not proofs. At the
same time, customers have
the opportunity to order addi-
tional portraits at special low
rates, though there is no
obligation to do so.

a ArmoAg4ys
After Smith and Johnson
the most common name
in the U.S. is Williams.


Summer Fun

Starts Here!

visit the Athletic House
and equip yourself for

Fun in

Athletic House


-. .


THE STAR, Port St.'Joe, Fla. THlRSDAY. \I (oL ST 31, 1978

Hendrix Goes

Under Water

Four marine .scientists of
the Marine Biomedical Insti
tute at University of Texas
' Medical Branch will spend a
week 55 feet under water at St.
Croix in the Virgin Islands this
summer studying the behav-
ior and ecology of squid and
other cephalopods, according
to 'MBI research associate'
Raymond Hixon, one of the
four investigators.
Operating from a subsea-
laboratory maintained by the
national Oceanic and Atmos-
pheric 'Administration, the
four scientists expect to un-
cover data useful in refining
their night lighting techniques
for capturing squid used in
S biomedical research.
The underwater habitat,
technically the NOAA's first

Evening Cla

Way by Adu
Adult classes at the Port- St.
Joe High School began Mon-
day, August 28. The following
',classes are being offered:
drivers education for adults
S each Monday and Tuesday
from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.,
welding classes Monday
through Thursday from 6:00 to
9:45 p.m.
A new class is opening in
building trades, for people
'interested in this type con-
struction. The class will be

Undersea Laboratory System
(NULS-1), is funded by
NOAA's Manned Undersea
Science and Technology Office
under the Sea Grant Program.
Funding for equipment and
travel is also being provided
by Sea Grant.
MBI research divers con-
ducting this study will be Ray
Hixon, Joe Hendrix, Jr., Ro-
ger Hanlon, and John For-
sythe. The Hydrolab mission
will occur the first week, in
Following the mission, Hen-
drix and Forsythe will join
other scientists at the Marine
Biology Laboratory in
Jamaica for several days,
study. Joe is the son of Dr. and
Mrs. Joe Hendrix.

isses Under

lt School

taught by James T. Wood and
will be offered Monday
through Thursday from 6:00 to
9:45 p.m.
Sewing classes will be offer-
ed from 6:06 to 9:00 p.m.
Typing and bookkeeping
classes Monday and Tuesday
from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m.
Clerical office practice and
shorthand Thursday from 6:00
to 9:00 p.m.
There will, be no classes
Labor Day.

Adult Classes Offer

Opportunity for Diploma

The Gulf County Adult Insti-
tute is proud of its role in
offering educational opportun-
ities to adults in this area.
Classes for high-school com-
pletion are now open at the
a centennial building at Port St.
Joe. There is no charge for
jvorktext and no fees to pay.
Qualified veterans who have
not earned their, high school
education can receive GI ben-
efits while earning their high
school diploma:
New reading materials and
equipment are now in use and

more are being purchased. If
you have reading problems
and wish to learn to read
better, come enroll.
This is an opportunity for
you to earn a high school
diploma at no cost. Day class-
es meet Monday through Fri-
day, 8 a.m. to 3 p.m.; evening
classes Monday through
Thursday 6 to 9 p.m. For
further information .alI 227-
1744 or come by the Centennial
There will be .no classes
Labor Day.

r W "-9- -s-w-




Monday. September 4.
Labor Day. No school.
Tuesday, September 5
Lasagna, tossed salad,
green beans, roll and milk.
Wednesday, September 6
Luncheon meat, cheese, dill
pickle, French fries, mixed
fruit, cookie, sliced bread and
Thursday, September 7
Fish with catsup, cabbage
slaw, baked beans, bun and
Friday, September 8
Chicken, green beans, rice
with gravy, orange juice, roll


school Lunch


and milk.
Menus are 'subject to
change, due to the availability
of food.

Gators Offer

Reserved Seats
The Wewa Gator Backers is
offering a reserved' seating
area in the new bleachers.
These seats are available for
five dollars and can be pur-
Schased through Jerry Gaskin
at Wewahitchka State Bank.
Only a limited number' of
reservations remain

Fred Greer


District No. One

Paid Pol. Adv. Paid for by Fred Greer



Corner Third Street and Baltzell Avenue
STANLEY E. YOUNG, Minister of Music & Youth

SUNDAY SCHOOL ................... 9:45A.M.
CHURCH TRAINING ................. 6:15 P.M.
PRAYER MEETING (Wednesday) .... 7:00 P.M.
) "Come and Worship God with Us"

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s tu Toal s. i AnsoipA rong p hi kl. I n t b ..1. (.0. Fp....... .. 4 ....... 1 '
W-2P 1 h4ap 1).... .......__ JS

S ti.. to 1976 .... .. .................. .
Ba d 6DetTS .; 057 1.-4 1n. FItC B l 31 It0780 &t4 .( I.t od p 2 Or n -b I0 -
1 1*.* S0 0d1oe0 s 113 Of 0i. *MT 004ti '. .... ........7._________61.___
:-X 1 2Toa..A dd o ine 55th 7.0.4a6S .................. -ll- ,,' 6

; : 4 II lin5.0... 6 3,01 r(lnlIn0 54, 1 l..n1Oun VE.M. .. .........*:... ....-O1
03 64 A-t.O.fAm 63t1.0 be5 EF L TO ............ .. ... 10
63 t 15 fl A iont o 639 0040 0b0.5c4r.d 1978 m U 000001 IA... .. I6
M to a-r R s1 .- a- w" exte nuft7 as1 o0 a, n 1..... p. 6 |
p.;(Conk. 0fFr.m 2210 (2210n) I. *attched0. Sea0 9 14 of400t01n.50 .) j

"*^ "2 ."*". -- '--> 'y'l rr<^iriir^rr1i<--r* *" *-*

v. LC ^ >:6^ -



IPl ... .6004 ir --0.-* .4* 0-. .I 0

. ...,........................... ..

TAXES Total Taxes $3,549. Tax

Refund $1,343



7 Taxes on buis and loud.s. propewr . . * .
8 Rentoas) bO ss pro. . . . * *
I Rep9 i .0..... .......,... ...,. ....
10 Salaries and waMfs ot0 In9ued on 4 n 3, Schdui rC-1 (ude any Paid to tyoowd .
11 Insurarw.. . . .. . . .
12 LeoJo and p.0rofeskoafe3500. .. .. .. .
13 ComOision(san. s.n) . . .
IS 3 P.ni and pvt.0iharing pl.ns (- Sch4ftl C I1tnt0Uo0) . .. .
b Employee benefit 0prram. (00n Schd. C W..uc00) . . .
17 Boddebtsi qln|m (n" I.es ofun-m 0 .
18 Deplna .... . . * *
j: Othertrus

p Total eterbusMus uponses dd hes Healough HQ. . e
Totaldeductions(addlines 0

21 Nt po,,It (ls) (submct Io, 20 from 0n 5). ten h and n Fon 040, 1. ALSO
enter Oan Schdul. he 5 . . . . I 21

FICTITIOUS NAME- Florida Law 865.09
requires registration of businesses. NEITHER of these
-businesses registered under the LAW. Failure to register
is a violation of LAW punishable by 60 days and-or'$500

. Schedules AaB--Itemized Deductions AND
: I' 0 1.o Interest and Dividend Income 77
1. hedul. e A f m10.zed Deductions k(Schedul0.4 is on b k)10.

-K Schedule A llemized DOductons (Schedule 0 is on back)

41)00000 i b.0k5000 0 11. eemm1 o nsruton oemJ*~

I 0300.0.0 (M.4 00 MM0.than $105.0)1of
k fr s"-*F a
260401." L, W.10bf ...
2 Int 0,., 2% e.OM. 31, F-.3040. 244
4 Subtac0 Um.3001- In. 2. Enter cllffs.
0' 00(d 0000o005.00en% 0nter3A ) -
11116054304.0.04baanceof nsromsepooooonuO00 h

a Ioo o~ob.1doi o 6oomfr" g 904...
4lt 0014 ftll o Wng.Aw o000046410
Other (Plam510 r_____el 2
denurs. yetirse t---po-3ton

7 Total (add m 4 through 6c) ..._____ _._
S[In.f 3% 0of o31. Fo..n 1040.. .
9U ISD.MrKt 8f- No m t 7 (if ks ,tha.
zero0, en.er ). . .
2 10 Total (add lnes and 9). Enter hre and

0.0 .ostp ........ .
33 S 0tae and k001 l s1soli0 e 05 e Lao 040le) 3
-4 1s p 33 p. . . .y
14 Gners lteWms"lenxtol) .
Oth 1 ( Iot-i pnt3)0b........______ __

17 1.000 .44 0110011 lh..o05 36). 10(00
...:. O0n000.034 .. p.. .

19 010, (l.0

" 10WW F. 3150. 1.40Ih,-

t ,on0)


-ceipI, cancelled ch kh or oWher
en i e benceb s .0 .
b Otheruh eotribut .t dne
and utsn ...iAu .....

I0t o fo r 1q1-ed 0000n nt .
SC0.." r from 0 r 0.
ATotal month"ibu (add N- liO t. h0.0h

4~ AOl

5..:4 SCHEULE C Profit or (Loss) From Businessi or Profession
(fors. 3~0)P..1sso~p~ (Solo Propeietorslhip) 105

a- b J1, Vsh0. 0.. N... 7..
C Empoye Idens.5 tionnu. 3... 11.0 .s...1.0.....043500 ..000 ...,1.0(.0. ...
-o OM. .11 00 0 '.OW .1 I0030560
V E1A.M. nospI 00,., 1Iof e o-M.oo 1).04010c-I.0 .o Ao.) j ufc]010-3P. T".oo40
-0 F as-0.10..000 .j0.1Aajr.dyFdrl--Psed. I-S4. f1ildS W.bs. 1..M( wI- sm.). ..

If '*Y-" Mach.0 Pt.04 ...:rL. .
s8sX 70v .002 oLass- C ostof otos 7040001006.0a 0.m00Sdo43. 01041006. M 98) 0.oo. ls. 33.0.011977

a.x V- 4 A. -
6 Lo. 00.1140ooo01,4n hu CM. 4001.00o(.90.1-. 6.0..3 ... 2.
T esO- nd bao rp . .. a t : J. .. 4.. ..4 .

791Rapist 0s.s. .0406. p. .1 .. .
14 .3.0. ... . ..
,a'*. 102SUPoI and.04 WonW fa0011 .0.0.. .0.1.(.0.0..09p04 0.0.00). ..
13*rti a* .. is ,
b Eplye nsitp0000(se.chdue.....ios). .. .. ......... ...054-

*:...13 .... ..............

37 6.I ... .......... .1. ........ ......... .. ~
3 ................ ..... ..
.0. .'
IsTtlohrlwns epno od 1. Ie ........ 1P P 1
0: 0. 0. 0 . . .
a.000 a. ....




A s

OPERATIONS- Both businesses were operated
only 3/2 months just at the end of 1977. At that rate had
these businesses operated a full year one would have taken
in about $148,000 and the other about $17,200.


I "Z:;34i~1EU~ (. 1. ,6 0t~U.aP. )
25 Lm b.6000..10,0.00..00W.bw-#.t _______-
25 Inr,.irn.ibursonnnt.o..
27 Sub1,0 lin 2106 1,030 Una025. (OS., 4,0.
7 f'-o (it 000. 000an 0I..00.t0,0.10) .
- 8 M, $1003.ofo. .-M-f-2.. .
050.0 savo27 0 .0 .0403.03. p..
El .J lU~TlO30)3(S.. 9pg. 160t lnSto'la.nO

32 Ta00(1 U.44s00936 0431). 0n03. 00
an .0401. 38. .. __

(340 N1e017 01

33 Total neical and destal-,no 10 .
34 Tot ta -n 17 . .
35 Total mteret-k0e 20 ..
36 Total cont *luttons-l-n 24 .
37 Casually o w h0t loliss(s) -l-ne 29 .
32 Total msllafous-900 32 .
34 Totaldduc0t5on4OW.( -.33503u011h3).
40 It you Chck4d om0 1040. box:
2 or 5. ,0 0 3.200
3. .600 . .. .
41a .00-000.3044i ddc1ti0s (tubtract hne
40 fom in. 39). M nv, Wr A.d on TF.m
1040.1.. 33. 1 .405 0c 00a. I.-0
39 sW 5Wh11o MUST It'm~ 50.Ol 0"1
00 .I 5L 5 I of 9th0 llt1ilo.n, ) IP

CONTRIBUTIONS- "Church shown to be
$75. Assuming ALL contributions went to the Church
this $1,175 is less than 5 percent of NET INCOME ($24,620).

SCHEDULE 0o Capital Gains and Losses ic0.9v0 0at prw tr t .b d -. 01 --i
(Fonf 1040) sch00te H.-0.0-d6ml 0tt. a-3l -d,,l...n 0 ,0B.l 0. 00vnd l0i00 (bl 04
-***' 100) on0p0 rwo0 *isl0 s.0l s 0. 0iem5 0 j.s-0iy. u 9a I
.. 4 --. 0.-- 6. I 0tth to F..m A040. to.- S e a n-. cl 0tr 1ft1.h D 3(For0. 0 0). t

SIZ S Shor1-trm Capital Gans and Losses-Asselt Held Hot Mor Than 9 Month 0

: E.- -t 3 a0 9bi. .. 00 1 I0a0 2 .. . ..4. -.-
S Shont- c aptat I t anyoer -t~butable to Yearbegiwudil *Rar 10tm m 1 .
"" 1 C t a t ln SW s o (lo f). c bimn e M IJ a 3 an d 4 .. . . .
".'*:.: s w.. oil .. rM *i a now). c ..o.. ... f4 ......... ..... I S Jfr.5 --

BAD DEBTS "Money Loaned" subtracted
as bad debts NOT as "Gifts" as reported to the public.

-- Vote For and Elect -



County Court Judge

Experienced Effective Ethical

Paid Political Advertising, Paid for by R


Tax Return Filed by Taunton with State of Florida


Bad Debts

M. Moore





* g

..- -- -- -- ----------

X _,,






. . .



,T.r..lT..M (See pop 16 .l Instructions to,.exam..es.....



WV _



I~Is yr pn~U~~t~nWrJ~n~DN*.Ol*nrU


. I TIP 411 T, I


1. q -

Buying? Trading? Selling ?

Wanting A Job? -Wanting to Hire?

Choice building lots available now at pre-
development prices.


Looking for permanent resi-
dence-double-wide mobile
home on 2 landscaped lots. 3
bdrm, 2 baths, LR, DR and
den, 12x30' concrete screen,
porch, corner of Florida &

brick me, ni
..xce and-
ing 150IN 1. permanent
homeye proud of. Corner
of eorgia and Magellan,
SSt. Joe Beach.

Duplex 2 bdrm, furnished.
Two blocks back from Gulf.
Mexico Beach. Good invest-
ment property.

Large rustic beach home: 4
bdrms, large living room
with fireplace. Custom cabi-
,nets in kitchen, verandai
Plus a one bdi'm. rental
cottage. St. Joe Beach.
Home plus income.

,Deluxe Mobile Home:. 2
bdrms,. 2 bths, carpeted,
; :drapes, completely furnish-
ed w washer & dryer. Large
'' insulated utility house,
-chain link fence. 8th & Geor-
gia, Mexico Beach.

Excel. cond., 1974 mobile
home on 2 improved lots
Cortez St. Many improve-
ments, 10x10' storage shed,
landscaped. A true value at
$17,000. St. Joe Beach.

Excellent buy in 2 bedroom
mobile home with screen
porch, completely furnish-
:ed. Georgia Ave., Mexico
Beach $14,000. -.
Lots of room in this com-
fortable 3 bdrm, 1 bath
home, with large spacious
den, lot beautifully land-
scaped. Pine St. 11z blocks
from U.S. 98.

Large 60x15' screen porch
added to comfortable mo-
bile home on excel, lot.
Santa Anna & Alabama, St.
Joe Beach. $20,000.

Good location, good invest-
ment. First lot of Gulf St.,'
St. Joe Beach. 2 bdrm-bath
house with sleeping porch
and carport on lot 75x112.
Presently rented.'

Recently remodeled duplex-
new well & septic tank being
iristlled, new wood, under-
siding around building, new
front & back steps, 2 bdrm-
bath 1 bdrm-bath. This
. duplex easily converted to
single family dwelling.
Good location, walking-dis-
tance to beach. $24,500.

Mobile home with 2 added
rooms on nice landscaped
lot making a total of 3
bdrms, den, bath, large
living room, completely fur-
nished. Tennessee Ave..
Mexico Beach.

Furnished trailer and lot,

Looking for your dream
house" We have it! Beauti-
ful Spanish-slIle 3 bdrm., 3
bath home. Great room with
impressive fireplace. Swim-
ming pool and patio area
enclosed with privacy fence
off living area. Lovely en-
trance patio. Lots of arches
and genuine tile roof. Spac-
ious 2 car garage.

Almost new stilt-house on
75' x 100' lot overlooking
Gulf. 2'bdrms., bath, big kit-
chen. 15th St., Mexico Beach

Partially finished 3 bdrm,,
1', bath home, large living
rm, kitchen and family rm
combo. Garage & utility rm,
on' 75' x 100' cleared lot.
$18,500 as is. Adjoining cor-
ner lot may be purchased
with home.

Sma ll :ach house needs
som bl ron

at $ 7th St., Mexico

Almost new beach cottage. 2
bdrm-bath. living room.
dining-kitchen combo. 8th
Excellent, extremely. well-.
constructed new 3 bdrm. 2
bath brick home on large
lot. central heat & air. fire-
place, priced right; 7th St..
Mexico Beach.

Five-plex currently rented,
near water on 40th St. Good


Excellent location at 1310
.Monument Ave. Large cor-
ner lot 146x224' 3 bdrm.-
bath home, living rm w fire-
place, den. dining room, kit-
chen w stove, refrigerator,
dishwasher. Double garage-
nicely landscaped yard.

In quiet residential area. On
, large landscaped lot. 3
bdrms, 2 baths, kitchen w-
dishwasher, disposal, oven-
range. Has cen. vacuum
sys., inter-coam, 320, ft.
sprinkler system, deep well.
'102 Yaupon.

Income duplex, 2 bdrm, 1
bath, liv-rm, kitchen-dining
comb. up & down. 22812 7th
St. Bargain. $15,000.00.

1313 Marvin Ave., fireplace
in roomy den, 3 bdrms, 3
baths, carport, utility room,
in nice location, lots of
room, fenced yard.

105 Bellamy Circle, 3 bdrm,
1 bath, cone. block home,
needs some work, painting,
a nice livable home priced
in the 20's.

2 excellent residential build-
ing lots on Westcott Circle..
Drive by and see these, then
give us a call.

221 9th St.. 2 bdrm. I bath,
complete w stove. refrig.,
dishwasher, 2 window a-c's.
curtains and carpets.' New,
panelling, new plumbing,
screen porch.

Brick home. 3 bdrms. large:
rooms, nice corner lot. good
location. Lots of extra fea-
tures. 1912 Juniper.

Older home on large corner
lot. 3 bdrm, 2 baths, living
rm, large kitchen, den, and
big screen porch off liv.
room. Owner has treated for
termites. 1101 Garrison Ave.

3 bdrm, living. dining, stor-
age room (can be made' into
nice den, utility room. nice
neighborhood on 2 lots, 1017

104 Yaupon-New brick
house. 3 bdrms. 2 baths. liv.
rm. din. rm. den with fire-
place. 2-car garage panelled
can easily be converted to
large recreation room.

Large, comfortable, older
house on 2 lots. 4 bdrms. 2
baths, big den. liv. rm, din.
rm, new roof, 1201 Palm

Commercial lots. 90x190'
and 90x120' in business cen-
ter. Mexico Beach.

Large Commercial Lot. Hi-
way frontage 320 ft. on canal,
Strategic corner. Good in-
vestment property.

2 lots on Neptune. Owner
will sell one or both. priced .
right. Second block from
beach. $5,500 each.,
Almost new 3 bdrm. 2 bath
comfortable home with car-
port & laundry room. On
State Hiway S30B. Conven-
ient. ready to move into.;

Beautiful beach home in
Indian Pass on two lots-to-
tal 150x105'. with income
apartment on lower level.
Well constructed with many
extra features. Work shop &
double garage. $46.500. Re-
House and- 90x150' lot just
off highway.. 2 bdrm, one
bath, screen porch. Chain
link fence around yard.

131' on Hwy. 71. 444' deep.
Nice 3 bdrm. 2 bath home.
Deepi well & pump. Approx..
one and one-third acres.

Low down payment, you ar-
range own financing, seller
will take 2nd mortgage.
Brick home. 3 bdrm, 2 bath,
chain link fence, laundry
Almost new brick home-
. 1. acres. Over 3,500 sq. feet
of li'.ing area. This one is
two homes in one-3 bdrms
2. baths. liv. rm, din. rm,
kitchen and den in main
area and under same roof a
lovely Apartment w liv.'rm -
din. rm, kitchen combina-
tion. Large bath and dress-
ing rm area. Central heat
and air, city water.

How about a getaway place
for weekends? Brand new
"A" frame brick and wood
construction. 3 bdrm, I bath
electric heat. "Cute as a
bug" on lovely wooded lot.
Country living at its best.
l1. acres with 3 bdrm, 1
bath. living rm, den. screen-
ed porch. Cen. h-ac and

13 acres with 3 bdrm house.
Ideal setup for catfish farm-'
ing. 2 large stocked ponds -
all equipment needed to
start. Several outbuildings
on property. $54.000.00.

$3.000 down, owner will fi-
nance balance at 8-. per-
cent. See this starter home
at your convenience. 208 2nd
Investment potential-2 bay
front lots facing U.S. 98.
Total 150' front x 110' deep
with fire damaged cottage-
price reduced to $12.500.00.

For Sale or Lease-Excel-
lent store location. 222 Reid
Ave. $30.000. Rent or lease

2 story house. 1.900 sq .
on lot 50x150'. Needs repa:r.
Deep well & pump. Ext.
potential. 136 2nd Ave.


Excellent double-wide Tif-
fany. partially furnished.
Buy equity and take over

EWdon B. Miller, Realtor Patty Miller, Associate


1829 Hwy. 98 MEXICO BEACH

Route 3, Box 167A Port St. Joe, Fla. 32456

4We're Here lor You.TM
SEach ofkce isindependently owned and operated.



Specializing in
Medicine Cabinets with
Matching Vanity Sets
205 7th St., Highland View
4tp 8-17

Septic tanks cleaned out.
Phone 229-8227
tfc 12-22

Psychological Services for
anyone with problems in day-
to-day living. Gulf County.
Guidance Clinic, Port St. Joe.
227-1145. (24 hr.)

The Cool-Sealing of a mobile
home roof is a necessity to
protect your home from the
leaks and rot caused by rain.
wind and heat. A properly
applied coat of Cool-Seal will
also serve to insulate your
home and reduce the high cost
of air-conditioning. So. don't
wait, until the brown spots
appear on your ceiling. Cool-
Seat NOW.
For Free Estimate
Call 229-8372
tfc 6-8

Complete Wood Shop
Custom Cut Lumber
Want to Do It Yourself?
Then come see us for Stan-
ley tools, hardware, paneling.
paint, lumber. r
Earlev's Hlardware &
Building Supply
l1w V8. 227-1763:

Machine Work Welding
506 First Street
Phone 229-6803
Machinist on duty all day
every day

"Ithink it was something I ate."

kills bugs for
up to six months,
and saves you about $100 yearly
in costly pest control services.
Use of Sprayer free with
purchase of Rid-A-Bug
306 Reid Avenue
Port St Joe, Florida

Pihno lessons. Call Lavinia
Heaton during the afternoon
after August 26. 229-6907.

Will do babysitting in my
home. Bunny Miller. 229-8819.
2tp 8-24

All types carpet & vinyl floor-
ing. Free Estimates. Call 229-
6929, Mike Kahl. tfc 7-27

Aluminum screens and doors,
carpentry, house repair, mill-
work, roof repair and re-roof- .
Phone 229-6018
Port St. Joe tfc 7-22

Reasonable Rates
Quality Work
Call 648-5639.
2tp 8-24

Front End Loader
Backhoe Work
tfc 3-31

('arpentry Work Done
Reasonable Rates
Jimmy Johnson
Phone 229-8T757
tfc 2-2

.. Kitchen Cabinets-
Vanities Mill Work
Cabinet Hardware & Tops
White City. Hwy. 71
Glen Combs
Shop 229-6017 or

for a complete
line of

Fishing Tackle

Hurlbut Supply
306 Reid Ave.

Charles H. Stephe
S227-1622 or 229-803

All Types
229-6482 or 229-644

328 7th Street
Highland View
Cabinets. furniture, v
('all 229-6207

Will Do
Lawn Mower Rep;
& Small Engine Re
Pick-up & Deliver

Also Refrigerators & F
Phone Answered
Electronic Secrete
Phone Anytime

Personalized New
Quote Service
On any American-ma
car or pick-up truck
factory retail cost o
next new car before
Could save you mone3

Lawn & Gardening I
Feed Lawn Mow
Small Engine Rep
Economy Motors
Garden Center
301 Hwy. 98 H.V


House in large corner lot. 3
bdrm. 2 p.iths. 2 I0) sq. ft.
under roof. 2111 Palm Blvd.
Call ;48-5194 for information..
-tp 8-24

:3 bdrm house on 1 acre.
screen porch. extra 12x20'
building, formerly used as
beauty shop. House is approxi-
mately 5 years old. Located in
White City. I will finance at 8
percent with $4.000 down if
credit rating is flawless. 229-
8118 or 229-8153. tfc 8-24

Double-wide trailer on 2
lots. 24'x54'. 3 bdrm. 2 com-
plete baths, unfurnished. City.
water and sewage. 229-6759
after 6 p.m. tfc 8-17

Two large corner lots for
sale at Ward Ridge. Call 229-
8092. 4tp 8-24

3 bedroom frame house in
Oak Grove, located on lola St..
price reasonable. Call 229-7222
days or 229-6300 nights.
tfc 7-27

75' x 115' zoned lot at Mexico
Beach. Phone 229-2763. tfc 8-25

2 bedroom house at 520 3rd
St., has recently been re-
modeled. Two air condition-
ers. fenced in yard. utility
- house. 229-6217. tfc 6-29

Two bedroom house, 521
10th St., on 2'2 lots. $18,000.
Phone 229-6343 after 6:00.

Am accepting applications
for employment with St. Joe
Unit, Woodlands Division. Ap-
ply in person, Hwy. 71. High
school education, experienced
personnel preferred.
2tc 8-31

ns 3 bdrm., 2 bath furnished
12 house at St. Joe Beach. 648-
tfc 8-3 7583. tfc 8-31

NING 1 bdrm. efficiency apart-
ment, all utilities included. Ski
7 Breeze Campsite. 229-6105.
tfc 9-20 tfc 8-31

FTS 2 bdrm. furnished apart-
ment, will be vacated Aug. 31.
All utilities included. Ski
anities. Breeze Campsite. 229-6105.
tfc 8-31

tfc 12-1 Furnished 2 bedroom house
on Canal Street at St. Joe
air Beach. Contact Raymond Bru-
pair ner, 482-3884, Marianna, Fla.
p- ate-R-24

ry 2 bdrm, 1 bath, furnished
house at St. Joe Beach on Gulf
8-31 Street, $150 per month. $50
deposit, refundable. 229-6367.
tfc 8-17
RVICE For carpets cleaned the way
'reezers professionals do it-at a frac-
by tion of the cost, rent Rinse N
ary Vac, the portable steam car-
pet cleaning system. Avail-
able at Western Auto, phone
8-10 227-1105, 219 Reid Ave.
tfc 3-16

Car Furnished 3 BR, 2 BR and 1
BR houses for rent. Phone 229-
ide new 6777 after 7 p.m. tfc 3-23
ck. Get
>n your For Rent: Nice shady lot on
buying. Columbus St., St. Joe Beach,
Y. for mobile home parking. Call
229-8000 after 5 p.m. $40
LES month, tfc 7-20

No need for wet carpets. Dry
clean them with HOST. Use
Needs rooms right away. Rent
s machine. St. Joe Furniture.
er & 227-1251. tfc 10-23

Wouldn't You Really
Rather Have Cable TV?

For Cable TV
installation In Port St. Joe

Phone 229-7232"
Or Visit the Telephone Company
Business Office

R.A.M.-Regular convoca-
tion of St. Joseph Chapter No.
56. R.A.M. 1st and 3rd Mon-
days, 8 p.m. All visiting com-
panions welcome.
E. William McFarland, Sec.

There will be a regular com-
munication of Port St. Joe
Lodge No. 111, F. & A.M.,
every first and third Thursday
at 8:00 p.m.
F. E. Brogdon, Sec.

No. I Drihve In Th. ;'ter
Apalachicola. Fla.
Friday Saturday
September 1 & 2
Big Super Show
Movie starts 8 p.m.

Yard Sale: Friday. Sept. 1.
9:00-q.m. till. Gulf St.. St. Joe
Beach. Sewing machine, cur-
tains, spread, clothes, and lots
of miscellaneous items.
Itp 8-31

YARD .SALE-Anything goes'.
Bricks. pipe .air conditioner,
material, etc.. etc. 809 Marvin
Ave., 8:00 a.m. till 5:00.

Lawn mower, '$20; grand-.
father clock, $225; sofa bed
$50: heavy duty bike $25: fan
on stand $25: Singer sewing
machine $75: crystal chande-
lier, Ig. $50; 1 pair ear rings
with 2 diamonds, pierced 14 kt.
gold $50: 14 kt. gold necklace
with 9 diamonds $50: lots of
knick knacks. 648-5332.

(l)I 30-gal. electric hot water
heater. 1 year old: (1) upright
piano. 648-5857. tfc 8-24

Lowery electronic organ
with- built-in percussion sec-
tion. $750: Yamaha classical
guitar with case. $60. Call Ann'
Aldridge, 229-8170. tfc 8-24

Assume payments, no
equity on 2 bdrm. 1974 Mon-
tego mobile home, 12x62, wall
to wall carpet, c.h. & c.a., all
house furniture. Excellent
condition. $120 per month. Call
639-2381. 2tp 8-24

Rod & Gun camper shell for
long pick-up truck, good buy
.for $150.00. Also home-made
cover for Datsun pick-up, $20.
Call 229-8118. 8-24

The United States prpo
duces more candy than any
other country in the world,
World Book Encyclopedia re-
ports. About $1,320,00'0,000
worth of candy is sold each
year. in the U.S. at wholesale.

112 1st St.. Highland View
229-6552. W. C. Miles
Scissors, knives, etc.
8tp 8-17

1 Rheems central gas unit.
125.000 btu output. 229-6694
after 5 p.m. tfc 8-24

Cakes for any occasion.
Sewing and alterations on
almost anything. My prices
are reasonable and my cakes
taste great!! Call 229-6154
after 5 weekdays, any time
weekends. tfc 8-17

Reduce safe & fast with
Go-Bese Tablets & E-Vap
"water pills". Campbell's
Drug. 5tp 8-17

Sears go cart. good cond..
$125. Call Tres Parker. 227-
1861 after 5 p.m. tfc 7-27
1978 Honda Moped. Gets 120
mpg, ideal for around-town.
driving, to work, school, shop-
ping, etc. $350. Call Jean
Stebel at 227-1304 after 4 p.m.
tfc 8-10

CB Radios. Johnson, Craig,
Surveyor, antennas, base sta-
tions, terms available. West-
ern Auto. itfc 3-4
('listlom-rmnade wooden name
plaqlues. for mail b.os'. front
gaits. door posts, etc. FEcono-
Imy Motors & .(a.irdenu('enter.
:11 lIhIy. 91s. IIV. 229-6001
New and used lawnmowers
for sale Lawn mowers, tills
and Harden tractors repaired.
Elclionoy .Motors & Garden
('lentler"- I1 v. ..18, I. 'V.
22.-alniol, tfc 4-28

For Sale: Charter member-
ship for St. Joseph's Bay
Country Club. Dues paid thru
July. For information call
229-6418. tfc 6-29


Call Betty Gilbert
tfc 7-15

6 FT. x 10 FT. OR ROUND.
We deliver and assemble.
Terms available: WESTERN
AUTO, 219 Reid Ave. 227q1105.

DRAPERIES-Ready made
and custom made. Large sel-
eleclion of swatches to choose
from. Roche's Furniture and
Appliance Store. 209 Reid
Ave phone 227-1730.

DRY cleaning carpets is
easier. faster and safer with
liHOST Rent our machine. St.
o.Inc Flurniture. 227-1251.
tfc 10-23

Complete line of utility
houses and green houses.
Custom buildings, insulated
& panelled.
Located at intersection of
U. S. 319 & 98 at Medart
Office 926-3606
or 984-5218- Home
Mae Jones. Owner,
Operator tl-'

3 blrm. house at 523 Third
St. Call 229-6672 or 229-8633.
4tc 8-31

For Rent by Month, 3 bdrm.
furnished cottage on water-
front, Hwy. 98 between 4th. &
5th St., Mexico Beach. Phone
648-5219. 2to.p 8-31

2 bdrm. furnished duplex,
corner of Palm Blvd. & 14th
St. 227-1520. tfc 8-31

One 2 bdrm. furnished
. apartment tor.ren.t.. 648-5,1.44.
tfc 8-31

Wanted: Nice 2 or 3 bed-
room house, unfurnished,
within 8 miles of St. Joe. Ask
for Danny at 227-1564.
tfc 8-17

1958 Vauxhall, red and
white. Driven to work daily, by
a kindly old eye doctor. Phone
227-1410 or 227-1858. Dr. Wes-
ley Grace. tfc-8-17

1976 Ford E150 van, all
options, privacy glass, cap-
tains chairs, new tires, excel-
lent condition. Call 229-6433
after 5:00 p.m. tfc 8-24

REWARD for lost black
purse, red billfold, keys, im-
portant papers, some papers
from Kentucky. Bring to Sher-
iff's office, Mexico Beach
Police Dept. or send to P. 0.
Box 13483, Mexico Beach.




A Nature-made Adventure-
land lies only an hour away
from Disney World.
If you'd like to catch the
Magic Kingdom this summer
but an expensive hotel stay
doesn't fit your budget or
lifestyle, the Division of For-
estry, Department of Agricul-
ture & Consumer Services,
has an alternative.
A comfortable hour's drive
away from Orlando will bring
you to the Withlacoochee State
Forest, and some of the most
beautiful campsites in Flor-
Basic tent camping at the
state forest is free. For $4 a
night, or $5 with electrical
hookup, you can enjoy com-
plete recreational. vehicle faci-:
lities, including hot showers.
Scenery at the forest is
unmatched by any hotel, and
activities abound.
A two-mile nature trail en-
circles McKethan Lake and its
picnicking area. Hiking trails,
both one-day and overnight,
wind throughout the forest.
Motorcyclists can test their
skills at Buttgenbach Mine
Recreation Area. Specially set
aside to protect other campers
and hikers from noise or
injury, this reclaimed phos-
phate mining area has dirt
trails to challenge even the
most experienced rider. A $3
permit is required for each
Horse owners can stable
their animals at Tillis Hill and
take advantage of a one-day or
two-day horse trail. The
charge is $1 per night for each
horse, and reservations are
And of course, swimming,
fishing and boating can be
found at numerous camping
areas in the forest.
Campsites cannot be re-
served, but space is not a
problem at any time except
holiday weekends. "If you
come on Labor 'Day week-
end," advised Forest Supervi-
sor Jeff Lewis, "just try to get
here as early as you possible
can." No dogs are allowed ont
the state forest except during
hunting season.
Major camping areas at
Withlacoochee State Forest
are located just north of the
intersection of 1-75 and SR 50
in Hernando County.
Enjoy an outdoors adven-
ture in the forest and save
your cash for fantasyland. .


PT 3

Predict 20 Holiday Deaths On Highways

The traffic fatality predic-
tion for this year's Labor Day
weekend is 20 persons with the
78-hour, period beginning at
6:00 p.m.. Friday, September
1. and ending at midnight.
Monday. September 4. said
the Florida Highway Patrol
Colonel. Eldrige Beach. Pa-
tril director said, "The Oper-
a )n "ARE program will be
in .,ffert during the Labor Day
holiday period with concentra-
tion on Interstates 75 and 95 as
it was during the Memorial
Day and Fourth of July holi-
day weekends. Our records
show that this program is


Tired Guardsmen
Bone weary from a hard days training in.
the Panamanian Jungle, Infantry men from '

helping to save lives as the
fatality prediction for Memo-
rial Day was 22 and their t we're
14 lives lost! in traffic crashes.

Patrol records show that
last year. 20 persons !:Isi their
lives on the state's streets and
highways- during the Labor
Day holiday weekend. To help
curb the loss of lite. every
available trooper will be on
patrol duty throughout the
state an'd troopers patrolling
the interstate highways will be
especially observant for
speeders. drunk drivers, im-
proper passing, and drivers
.following too closely.


-- Vote For and Elect --


County Commissioner District 2

the Florida National Guards 124th Infantry
Battalion in Port St. Joe and Apalachicola Your Vote and Support will be Appreciated
route step back into the Garrison at Ft. EFFECTIVE HON
Sherman's Jungle Weapons Center in the


I am self-employed (Gulf Track
Service) and know the meaning
of tax dollars and what good busi-
ness management means. I'm
married to the former Rebecca
Ann Prescott and have a son,
Matthew, five.
I will appreciate your, vote and
support in the Tuesday, Sept. 12

-Vote For and Elect -



County Commissioner,
District Two
Experienced Aggressive
B. S. degree in Business Administration and
History, Troy, State University
Helped organize & served 3 years as Presi-
dent of Wewahitchka Little Major League.
9- Member Wewahitchka Volunteer Fire Dept.
Member & Past President of Wewahitchka
Rotary Club
Served 3 years as Chairman, Wewahitchka
March of Dimes (increased record of collec-
tions each year)
Served 3 years on Wewahitchka City Commis-
sion, maintaining one of the lowest ad
valorem tax structures in the State.

Pd. Pol. Adv. byoulas Birmingham,'Camp. Tre

Many Not Aware

of Protection by

Social Security


Many people do not seem to
:be fully aware of the extent of
'the protection they have under
-social security, David Robin-
son, Social Security Represen-
:tative for Gulf County, said
Most everyone knows that
"social security pays retire-
*ment benefits. But many
workers are not aware that
social security includes survi-
vor and disability protection
as well. There is also Medi-
care health insurance, too.
The valub of this protection
grows as the workers' earn-
ings grow. For most workers,'
the value of their social secur-
ity protection is probably
greater than- any life insur-
ance they have.-For example,
benefits payable to surviving
family members when a fa-
ther dies can total as much as
$200,000 over the years, Robin-
son said.
There are many people well
below retirement age getting
social security checks. Of the
34 million people now on the
rolls, more than 812' million
are under 62. This includes
disabled workers and their
families, and the survivors of
deceased workers.
Another important item to
remember, Robinson said, is
that social security is porta-
ble; that is, the protection
stays with a person when he or
she changes jobs, unlike many
private pension plans.
As workers plan for retire-
ment, they should remember
that. social security is only
intended to be a partial re-
placement of income. It was
never intended that benefits
fully replace pre-retirement
income. Therefore, workers
should plan to supplement
their social security benefits
with income from invest-
ments, savings, insurance or

similar forms of income.
More information about the
value of social security to
today's workers can be ob-
tained at the Panama City
Social Security Office. The
address is 30 West Govern-
ment Street. The telephone
number is 769-4871.

c* _-Z Don't Let
/ This Happen
To You!

'See Us First ....
Radiators Are Our
Ornty Business!!
Complete Radiator

on the car 2895

off the car 180
Radiators Cleaned & Repaired,
For $16.50
We repair auto air
conditioning condensers.
All Work Guaranteed
90 Days.


525 N. Cove Blvd.
(Acroos From Bay Memorial Hosp)



'. Your County Commissioner
District Four

Honest Dependable
A Vote for Better Government
Paid for by Campaign Treasurer

You Are Cordially Invited to Attend


Baptist Church

Corner Long Ave. and 16th St.

SUNDAY SCHOOL ................... 9:45 A.M.
MORNING WORSHIP ................ 11:00A.M.
CHURCH TRAINING ............... 5:45 P.M.
EVENING WORSHIP ................ 7:00 P.M.
PRAYER MEETING (Wednesday).... 7:00 P.M.

Rev. J. C. ODUM, Jerome Cartier,
Pastor Minister of Music


THE STAR, Port.St. Joe, Fla. THUtRSDAY, AUGU'ST 31, 1978


at SveMrea aaveMore

cigarettess Excluded

Limit Dec

Aug. 30-Sel

Port St. Joe,
1_ Florida



"-OVW e Reserve
Limit Rights
510 Fifth Street

1& Lb. Ba

1 SW

Georgia Copperskin


Whole or Half USDA Insp. Heavy Beef
Slab Bacon Rump Roast
Lb. i
Sliced Lb.
1b. 85c 79 1'0

5 Pounds or More
Grnd. Chuck


U.S. Prime
U.S. Prime
U.S. Prime

U.S. Prime
U.S. Prime

USDA Insp. Heavy Beef

Fresh Tender Medium
Spare Ribs


Lb. $2.19
Lb. $2.69
Lb. $3.69

Lb. $1.79
. -$2.59

Lb. $1.39

Our New Blend, Lean
Grnd. Beef

IFlavor Rich

Limit 2 with
Meat Order
Standard Grade

USDA Insp. Heavy Beef



Fresh Frying
sammaihm i w il A

Insp. Heavy Beef !;;ounF.:k:;ewm --- IWHOLE CHIC.
USDA Insp. Heavy Beef

S USDA Insp. Heavy Beef

Guaranteed Flavor Rich and
Tender Every Time
USDA Insp. Heavy Beef
USDA Insp. Heavy Beef
USDA Insp. Heavy Beef

u........w. 490
b......... 49
m 0mma0 0m a 49


Lb. $1.49


Chicken LEGS & THIGHS.


0 0

* *



13 Ounce Tall Cans
PET EVAPORATED MILK......... 2 cans

1 Pound Bag




3 Pound Package

m MAm 0m 0A aE m m

.... 99

Showboat 31 Oz.
PORK and

Hot Shot 11 Ounce

7-Seas 1,000 Island 8O nA C
SALAD DRESSING ..... ....0Ounc .2/89

8 Ounce Packages
Libby's 16 Ounce
32 Ounce Jars

I Picnic 88 Ounce Jar
COOKING OIL ..................
,12 Ounce Can

...... 3/$1.00
......... 2/99'

5 Ounce Cans Armour


Castleberry BRUNSWICH STEW and

DOG RATION........

. ..a..... .m. a


5 Ounce Can3/99

meson Imno a.. n.



6 Oz. Minute Maid
, LEMONADE 4For $1.00
WsWST~fffS^ fei^C TCTS ^i yVT

Saluto Party

8 Lil Ears



Dixie Home


Sweetheart King Size


Sweetheart Hamburger and
Hot Dog Buns W
9Ov CJf A a


Green Head



Lbs $

Iowa Corn Fed West

Lb 39C

Thursday Special Only!
Limit please ) / C
Med. Eggs Doz.






Fresh Crisp

All Heads


BEANSM 0 namd @Mmm 2/$lsO9

2 ma 5 $.29:

'5 -

-..PAGE TWELVE THE STAR. Port St. Joe, Fla.. THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1978

Yet Your Yard Ready

Afor the Hurricane

With the birth of Hurricane- which have suffered from
Cwora deep in the Caribbean, insect or disease attack during
-he 1978 hurricane season' is the past year may also be
'_rWell underway and with it weakened and need attention.
r=omes a reminder from the
.;D)ivision of Forestry that if Charles Chellman, insect
lJoridians. haven't already and disease specialist for the
checkedd their shade and or- Division of Forestry, advises"
"-hamental trees for signs of that tree damage caused by
weakness, now is the tinie to wind is usually one of two
=lo it. types. The most common is
State Forester John Bethea breakage. Limbs or tops are
State Forester John Bethea torn from the tree by .high
psays that some simple precau- winds, leaving jagged stems
g.ons by homeowners can re- and branch stubs. These
E5uce damage to both trees and wounds provide ideal avenues.
Property in the event of high for decay organisms to enter
=winds, which don't come just the tree.
.i.th tropical storms but also
= hccur in local thunder showers The other type is windthrow.
C nd line squalls. This occurs when a tree is
blown over, roots and all..
Any tree showing signs of Windthrow is more of a pro-.
=Aecay should, be carefully blem when high winds follow
checked They are the most periods of high rainfall. Water
susceptible to breakage. De- saturated soil provided much
-cay can often be spotted by less support for the tree's root
looking for dark stains on the system
Dead limbs should be noted Another common problem
-and removed at any time, but tree owners may observe is a
-especially prior to the upcom- tree being bent or deformed-
ftng windstorm season. Trees by the wind

Public Notices

=IN THE CIRCUIT COURT FOUR aag.nsl ine Estate are required, WITH-
=CGJLF COUNTY OF THIS NOTICE, to file with the Clerk
=I PROBATE of the above Court a written statement of
1N RE The Estate of any claim or demand they may have.
SJULIA 0 CREECH Each ca.mrr, must be .n wr.Ing and must
deceased inac.ale he Dain ol the claim Ir.e name
and address of the creditor or his agent
NOTICE OF ADMINISTRATION -,or attorney, ana 'he amount claimed if
; -O ALL PERSONS HAVING CLAIMS the claim is not yet due. the dale wnen it
aOR DEMANDS AGAINST THE ABOVE will become dqe snail De started 11 mIne
,"ESTATE AND ALL OTHER PERSONS claim is contingent'or unliquidated, the
CINTERESTED IN THE ESTATE: natureof the uncertainty shall be stated.
S-YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED Ir.a' If theclain is secured, the security shall
"-lheadminlslrationi of Ine Estate of Julia be described. The claimant shall deliver
Creech. deceased. File Number 78 21 sufficient copies of the claim to the Clerk
i.s spending n Ine Circuit Court for Gulf to enable the Clerk to mail one copy to
rCOunly Florida. Prooale Division, the each Personal Representative.
E address ol which is P 0 BoE 968. Por I St All persons interested in the Estate to
=,Joe, Florida The Personal Repre.enia whom a copy of this Notice of Adminis.
=live ol Ine Eslale ol Jul-a 0. Creech, tration has been mailed are required,
.whose address is 4630 Trade Winds WITHIN THREE MONTHS FROM THE
:3Dtive. Pensacola. Florina 32504. is DATE OF THE FIRST PUBLICATION
-iPatrick T Coob and mne name and. OF THIS NOTtCE, to file any objections
Zadaress of the Personal Representa. they may have that challenged the
tive's Allorne,' are sel forin below, validity of the Descendant's Will, the
All persons having claims or demands qualifications of the Personal Represen-

14 1.



.P i P d for by Cumpakin Treasurer, I. T Williams. Ir

. The key word when taking
corrective action following a
storm is speed. The longer
wounds are left untreated, the
greater chance there is of
invasion by insects, decay
organisms, or both.
"If a limb is -broken or
twisted, remove it quickly,
following normal pruning me-
thods. Small trees that are -
windthrown will sometimes -i
recover if properly and quick-
ly cared for also. Often the
roots on one side will be
completely exposed. Those
that have been split or broken
should be pruned and treated..
Then straighten the tree and
cover the exposed roots. Wa-
ter it well, secure it in the
desired position with guy
wires, and later if die back
occurs, prune out the dead
wood and treat.
If you have questions about
the current health of* your
yard trees, or if you need
assistance in treating da-
maged trees, call your.local
county forester, tree surgeon
or nurseryman.

.tative, or the venue or ur 'as.c ho
Date of the first publication
Notice of Administration: Augu
1978.: ,. I
As Pers.',nal Reorereniati.e of ti
Eslaf of Julia 0 Creecn
303 4th Street
Port St. Joe, Florida 32456

The. Gulf County School Boar
receive bids until 9:00 A.M. I
September 5, 1978, in the office
Superintendent of Schools on one (
Ford. 8'c linaer school bus, I
361034 66passenger school bus
vehicle may be seen at the BUS
tenance Facility located in Ward
The Board reserves the right to
any and all bids. Please mark yo
envelope "Sealed Bid-Bus,"
B Waller Wilaer.




| Schedule of 1978

IDemocratic Rallies

Sept. 2-3:.00 P.M., CST

Wewahitchka State Bank,


Sept. 9- 4:00 P.M., EST

Port St. Joe, city park next to Florida
First National Bank.

Murphy Singers will provide entertainment.

Rallies will be broad cast over WJOE



NOTICE 's nereby g;ven ,thal on the
ID OB, 16th day of August. 1978. pursuant to a'
LL BE Writ of Execution Issued in the Circuit
Court of the Second Judicial Circuit, In
of this and For Leon County, Florida, Case No.
ust 10, 78.188, in the cause of WEWAHITCH1IA
I, KEN MURPHY, S-erit of .Gull
County, Florida, have iew.ed upon the
he real estate of the defendant, to-wit:
S NEA of NWiA, or Government Lot 3
L RE. Original, and the fractional South Half of
the NWA/ or Government Lot 4 Original,
All in Section 17, T4S. R9W, Gull County,
Florida, comprising 111 acres, more or
On the 18th day of September, 1978, at
4t 8-10 Two O'clock (2:00) in the afternoon on
the steps of the Gulf County Courthouse,
s Port St. Joe, Florida, I will offer for sale
d w said real estate for cash to the highest
rd will bidder, subject to all prior liens, if any'
E.Df ,T to satisfy said Writ of Execution.
of the .
(1) 1963 -s- Ken Murphy. Sheriff
B75FU-' Gulf County; Florida
. This ., 4t8-24
Main- ----
IN RE: Estate of'
21 .24,; Deceased. '
Within tree months from te" timVIf"
the first pubit'c.ii~j of this notice you are
required to ftfltWyt, the clerk of the,.,
Circuit Court of, Gulf County, Florida,
Probate Division, the address of which is
Gulf County, Courthouse, Port St. Joe,,
Fla. 32456, a written statement of any
claim or demand you may have against
the estate of Walter Fau'cett Payne,
deceased. '
Each claim must be in writing and
must indicate the basis for the claim, the
name and address of the creditor or his
agent or attorney, and the amount'
claimed. If the claim is not yet due, the
date when it will become due shall be
stated. If the claim is contingent or
unliquidated, the nature of the uncer-
tainty shall be stated. If the claim is
secured, the security shall be described.
-The claimant shall deliver sufficient
copies of the claim to the clerk to enable
the clerk to mail one copy to each
personal representative. ,
Dated August 14, 1978.
-s- Mary Frances Payne Hall,
As Personal Representative of the
Estate of Walter Faucett Payne,,,,
Charles S. Isler, Jr., of
Isler, Higby, Brown, Smoak & Watson;
434 Magnolia Avenue
P. 0. Box 1579
Panama City, Florida 32401
Telephone: 904.763.7633
First published on: August 24, 1978
S/ 2t 8.24
City Commissionof the City of Port St.
Joe, Flotida, will, at Its regular meeting
S of September 5, 1978, at 8:00 P;.M,
E.D.T., in the Municipal Building,Tort
St. Joe, Florida, consider the adoption of
an ordinance with the following title:
The body of the ordinance will,'in
essence, raise.the fee for 1,000 gallons of
water from .90c to $1.00, but will reduce
the minimum charge from $3.60 to S3.00
for water and the minimum for sewer
connection from $2.16 to $1.80.
Dated this 17th day of August, 1978.
-s- Tom S. Coldewey,
Attest: Michael J. Wright,
City Auditor and Clerk
ai" 8 24

City Commission of the City of Port St.
Joe, Florida, will, at its regular meeting
of September 5, 1978, at 8:00 P.M.,
E.D.T., in Municipal Building, Port St.
Joe, Florida, consider the adoption of an
ordinance with the following title:
The body of the ordinance will provide
for increases as follows:
Old Rate Proposed Rate
Residence $3.50 $ 4.50
Business 6.00 10.00
Commercial 10.50 20.00
Industrial 30.00 50.00
Dated this 17th day of August, 1978.
-s- Tom S. Coldewey, Vice-Mayor''
Attest: Michael J. Wright
1 H City Auditor and Clerk

Wins Bicycle

Danny Kennedy, left, manager of David Rich's IGA here
in Port St. Joe, is shown presenting a 10-speed bicycle to .
Bill Jones. Rich's has been conducting a Grand Opening sale
for the past month. -Star photo

Archery Season

Opens In State

On Septe
Florida sportsmen will soon
return to the woods again.'
Archery season opens in Flor-
ida September 9 and will run
through October 1.
This year the Game' and
Fresh Water Fish Commission
has '11 wildlife management
areas in the Northwest Region
available for archery hunting
Additionally, all ,open, lands
and Type II Wildlife Manage-
ment Areas may be hunted
with landowner permission or
The Commission's Joe Budd
Wildlife Management Area, a
special hunt area in Gadsden
County, will be open to. ar-
chers October 10-12, 17-19, and
24-26. Those wishing to hunt on
Joe Budd Management Area
should apply by quota hunt
application for these special
hunts. Application forms are
available from Commission
offices located in Panama City
and Tallahassee.
Archers under age 15 or
residents over 65 are exempt
from licensing and permit
Due to a change in the law
.this year, those persons wish-
ing to' archery hunt on wildlife
management areas will also
need a wildlife management
area permit. 'Licenses and
permits may be obtained at
the county tax collectors office
or individual subagents.
Legal game for archery
season is deer (except fawn),
squirrel, quail and wild hog
(only on areas where hogs
have been declared legal

mber 9
game). Wildlife manager
areas differ only in that bt
deer with at least one an'
extending five inches ab
the hairline are legal to ta

Additional information
rules and regulations may
obtained from Commiss
officer in Pensacola, Pana
City and Tallahassee'



Legislative Analyst, Florida House .of
Representatives., 1978 Outstanding Young
Men of America.
Member of Jaycees.
* I believe my background.acquaints me with
the needs and problems of the people of the
area and my experience with the Florida
Legislature equips me to work effectively
toward the solutions of these problems '
* I am in favor of reducing taxes and holding
the line on government spending.
* I will work to provide more job opportunities
for this area.
* Let's put the people back in control of

Don *


[*1 .-.Ii-j F .. f:i .i'itr ElBrui::. Tr l'.b .

* We Will be .

IP-. Closed I

* .E.

Monday, September 4

In Observance of

* a .

I Florida 1 st National Bank

Sat Port St. Joe

S' 504 Monument Ave. Phone 229-8282

the members of the

Church of Christ

invite you to meet with them:

Sunday Morning Bible Study ........... 10:00 A.M.
Sunday Morning Worship .............. 11:00A.M.
Sunday Night ....................... .. 6:00 P.M .
Wednesday Night ..................... 7:00 P.M.

Corner 20th St. & Marvin

For information call 229-6969


j~h I I




Prices Good Aug. 29-Sept. 5

8.4c PAID
Permit No.
Wewahitchkazla i

Port St. Joe and Wewahitchka

Store Hours: 7:30 6:30

- F

W Embers W




-~ ,~t




r Smoked HAM
Whole, half or portion.

Blb. .
.'* (tf'te't- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 ^''i'*5K%1^H~ t~.. *'-S


5.. '*1.

V Firm Head F
SOR Green Head

Mix or
r Match


I Kraftw
noked or Re

Ritz Canned
12 oz. cans.


18 %Z.9

Limit 2



Food Orde r
Oa e3 8 Lb.
Additional Fryers at 48 Ib.No Limit

)11 E0

.U. S..No.I-Whi


10 b.99
M bag

Limit 8 Please

. .-" .


Laundry GAIN

SStarkist "

49 oz.

M m Delta
4 Roll

Limit I




o t

No. 2 '2/
4LL ,'
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Limit 1 with $10.00


Limit 3 with $10.00
Food Order

2 lb.





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Hunt's 32 oz.


32 oz.68


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25 Ib.

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IV .. ...




I, JESSE J. McCRA.Y, JR., Secre-
tory of State of the Stt of Florida
do hereby O lve nMe, thot a General
ElectIon wll be held n9aoch County
in Florida, on the Flrs( Tuesday after
the First Monday .In November,
whlc1 date Is November 7, 1978, for
the ratification or relectlon of the fol-
lowlng proposed revisions or amend-
ments to the CottlutIon of. the State
f Florda.
NOTE: Words in-str.e--ie4wogh type
are proposed deletions from the
existing Constitution; words under-
lined are proposed additions.
We the people of the State of Flor-
ida, being grateful to Almighty God
for our constitutional liberty, In order
to secure its benefits, perfect our
government, insure domestic fran-
qulilit, maintain public order, and
guarantee equal civil and political
rights to all, do ordain and establish'
this constitution.
SECTION 1. Political power.-AII
political power is inherent In the peo-
ple. Rights auoronted by this consit-
tuflon fre. not dependent on those
gu ranted by the Constitution of the
United Stes. The enunciation herein
of certain rights shall not be con-.
stried to deny or impair others re-
tained by the people.
SSECTION 3. Religious freedom.-
Thiere shall be n6 lw respecting the
establishment of religion or prohibit-
rng or penalizing the free exercise
thereof, Religious freedom shall not
justify practices inconsistent with
public morals, peace or safety. No
revenue of the state or any political
subdivision or agency thereof shall
ever be taken from the public trea-
sury directly or indirectly in aiod of
any church, sect, or religious de-
nominaton or in aid of any sectarian
SECTION 4. Freedom of speech
and press.-Every person may
speak, write and publish his sen-
timents on all subjects but shall be
responsible tor' the abuse of that
right-. No law shall be passed to re-
strain or abridge the liberty of
speech or of the press. In all criminal
prosecutions and civil actions for
defamation the truth may be given In
evidence. If the matter charged as
defamatory is true and was pub-
lished with good motives, the party
shall be acquitted or exonerated.
SECTION 5. Right to assemble.-
The people shall have the right
peaceably to assemble, to instruct
their representatives, and to petition
for redress of grievances.
-SECTION 6. Right to work.-The
right of persons to work shall not be
denied or abridged on account of
membership or non-membership in
any labor union or labor organiza-
tion. The right of employees, by and
through a labor organization, to bar-
gain collectively shall not be denied
or- abridged. Binding arbitration is
prohibited to resolve impasse in col-
ifective bargaining negotiations con-
cerning wages, hours and terms and
conditions of employment between
public employees and a public em-
I oyer. Public employees shall not
Wove the right to strike.
SECTION 7. Military power.-The
military power shall be subordinate
to the civil.
SECTION 8. Right to bear arms-
The right of the people to keep and
bear arms in defense of themselves
and of the lawful authority of the
state shall not be infringed, except
that the manner of bearing arms
may be regulated by law.
SECTION 9. Due process.-No per-
son shall be deprived of life, liberty
or property without due process of
low, or be twice put in jeopardy for
the same offense, or be compelled in
any criminal matter to be a witness
against himself. Any _natural person
having knowledge or possession of
facts that tend to establish the guilt of
any other person under the laws of
the state shall not be excused from
giving testimony or producing
vid e when legally called upon to
do so, rn the ground that it may tend
Sincriminatehim under the lows af
thestote;,bt ho natural person shall
be prosecutd or sub ected to any .
penalty or forfeiture for-or, on,, ac-,
count of any transaction, matter, or
thing concerning which he may so

SECTION 10. Prohibited lows.-No
bill of attainder, ex post facto law or
law impairing the obligation of con-
tracts shall be passed.
Imprisonment for debt.-No person
shall be imprisoned for debt, except
in cases.of fraud.
SECTION 12. Searches and seiz-
ures.-The right of the people to be
secure in their persons, houses,
papers and effects against unreason-
able searches and seizures, and
against the unreasonable intercep-
ti6n of private communications by
any means, shall not be violated. No
warrant shall be issued except upon
probable cause, supported by af-
fidavit. particularly describing the
place or places to be searched, the
person or persons, thing or things to
be seized, the communication to be
intercepted, and the nature of
evidence to be obtained. Articles or
information obtained in violation of
this right shall not be admissible in
SECTION 13. Habeas corpus.-The
writ of habeas corpus shall be grant-
able of right, freely and without cost.
It shall be returnable without delay,
and shall never be suspended unless,
in case' of rebellion or invasion, sus-
pension is essential to the public
SECTION 14. Releaseprior to trial.
S.-. Until adi-ded gu6 yI,-evey
person charged with o crime or
violation of municipal or county or-
dinance shall be released upon condi-
tions reasonable uiu"er lfe circunm-
' stances to secure his appearance at
future court proceedings including
monetary bail when no other method
is adequate. enfted-4e--eFeose--o
reosenoble-bei4-with-suffiemie ury
unless- No .person charged with a
capital offense or an offense punish-
able by life imprisonment shall be
released prior to trial when 3i-O-tfe
proof of guilt is evident or the pre-
sumption is great.
SECTION 1S. Prosecution tor
crime, testimnny hetfore graadtjury_
richt to counsel before grone mury;
offenses committed by children.-
(a) No person shall be tried for
capital crime without presentment or
indictment returned by a two-thirds
vote of the rmembersi oTby a grand
lury, or for other felony without such
presentment or indictment returned
by a two-thirds vote of the members
of a grand jury or an information
under oath filed by the prosecuting
officer of the court, except persons on
active duty in .the militia when tried
by courts martial.
(b) Any person called to testify
before a grand lury shall be advised
of his right to counsel and shall not
be compelled to testify against him-
self unless granted immunity. A wit-
ness shall have the right to be ac-
:omponied by, and to receive the ad-
vice of, counsel during his testimony.
Prior to giving testimony, a person
under Investigation by a grand lury
shall be advised that he is under in-
h b-)- When authorized by law, a
child as therein defined may be
charged with a violation of law as an
act of delinquency instead of crime
and tried without a iury or other
requirements applicable to criminal
coses. Any child so charged shall,
upon demand mode as provided by
low before a trial in a juvenile
proceeding, be tried in on appro-
priate court .as an adult. A child
found delinquent shall be disciplined
as provided by low.

_SECTION 16. Rights of accused.-
'In all criminal prosecutions the ac-
cused shall, upon demand, be in-
formed of the nature and cause of the
accusation against him, and shall be
furnished a copy of the charges, and
shall hove the right to' have compul-
sgry process for witnesses, to con-
front at trial adverse witnesses, to be
heard in person, by counsel or both,
and to have q speedy and public trial
by impartial lury in the county where
the crime was committed. If the
.county is not knownrwthe indictment
or information may charge venue in
two or more counties coniunctlvely
and proof that the crime was com-
.mitted in that area shall be suf-
ficient; but before pleading the ac-.
,cused may elect in which of those
counties he will be tried. Venue for
prosecution of crimes committed be-
vond the boundaries of the state shall
b" fixed by law.
-SECTION 17. Excessive punish-
_ments. Excessive fines, cruel or
aunusuol punishment, attainder, for-
feiture of estate, Indefinite imprison-
ment, and unreasonable detention of
witnesses are forbidden.
* SECTION 18. Administrative penal-

IE WAR B Port St. Joe, Fla. THURS~i., AV-

ties. ,Jo administrative agency
shall, -1 e a sentence of Imprison-
ment, W shall it impose any other
penalty Ilcept as provided by law.
SECTION 19. Costs.-No person
charged with crime shall be com-
pelled to pay, costs before a judgment
of conviction has become final.
SECTION 20. Treason. Trenoc;..
osairst Ith-.e state shall eor.aist only in

SECTION 21. Access to courts.-
The courts shall be open to every
person for redress of any injury,. and
justice shall be administered without
sale, denial or delay.
SECTION 22. Trial by lury.-The
right of trial by iury shall be secure
to all and remain inviolate.' The
qualifications and the number of lur-
ors, not fewer than six, shall be fixed,
by law.
SECTION 23. Right of privacy.-
Every natural person has the right to
be let lone and free from govern-
mental intrusion into his private life
except as otherwise provided herein.
SECTION 24. Public records.-No
person shall be denied the right to
examine any public record made or
received in connection with the publ-
lic business by any non judicial public
officer or employee in the sftte or by .
persons-acting on the officer s or em-
ployee's behalf. The legislature may
exempt records by general law when
it is essential to accomplish overrid-
ing governmental purposes or to pro-
tect privacy interests.
Schedule to Article I, Section
24.-This section shall become effec-
tive June 1, 1979.
SECTION 25. Open meetings.-No
person shall be denied access to any
meeting at which officdIl9 ats are to
be taken by any nonmudicim collegial
public body in the state or by persons
acting together on behalf of such a
public body. The legislature may
exempt meetings bt -general law
when it is essential to accomplish
overriding governmental purposes or
to protect privacy interests.

SECTION 1. State boundaries.-
(a) The slate boundaries are:
Begin at the mouth of the Perdido
River, which for the purposes of this
description is defined as the point
where latitude 30"16'53" north and
longitude 87"3106" west intersect;
thence to the point where latitude 30
17"02" north and longitude 87'31'06"
west intersect; then to the point
where latitude 30'18'00" north and
longitude 87"27'08" west intersect;
thence to the point where the center
line of the Intracoastal Canal (as the
same existed on June 12, 1953) and
longitude 87'27'00"' west intersect;
the same being in the middle of. the
Perdido River; thence up the middle
of the Perdido River to the point
where it intersects the south boun-
dary of the State of Alabama, being
also the point of intersection of the
middle of the Perdido River with lati-
tude 31 00'00" north; thence east,
along the south boundary line of the
State of Alabama, the same being la-
titude 31 00'00'" north to the middle of
the Chattahoochee River; thence
down the middle of said river to Its
confluence with the Flint River;
thence in a straight line to the head
of the St. Marys River, thence down
the middle of said river to the Atlan-
tic Ocean; thence due east to the
edge of the Gulf Stream or a distance
of three geographic miles whichever
is the greater distance, thence in a
southerly direction along the edge of
the Gulf Stream or along a line three
geographic miles from the Atlantic
coastline andc three leagues distant
from the Gulf of'Mexico *coastline,
whichever is greater, to and through
the Straits of Florida and westerly,
including the Florida reefs, to a point
due south of and three leagues from
the southernmost poinl ol Ine Mar-
quesas Keys; thence we.terly along
a straight line to'a point lue south ol
and th'?ee* leagues from' Loggerhead
Key, the westernmost of the Dry Tor-
tugas Islands; thence westerly,
northerly and easterly along the arc
of a curve three leagues distant from
Loggerhead Key to a point due north
of Loggerhead Key; thence north-
east along a straight line to a point
three leagues from the, coastline of
Florida; thence northerly and wes-
terly three leagues distant from the
coastline to a point west of the mouth
of the- Perdido River three leagues
from the coastline as measured on a
line bearing south 0"0100" west from
the point of beginning; thence north-
erly along said line to the point of
beginning. The State of Florida shall
also include any additional 'territory
within the United States adiocent to
the Peninsula of Florida lying south
of the St. Marys River, east of the
Perdido River, and south of the
States of Alabama and Georgia.
(b) The coastal boundaries may be
extended by statute to the limits per-
mitted by the laws of the United
States or international, law.
SECTION 2. Seat' of government.-
The seat of government shall be the
City of Tallohassee, in I-eon County,
where the offices of the governor,
lieutenant governor, cabinet
members and the supreme court
shall be maintained and the sessions
of the legislature shall be held;
provided that, in time of invasion or
grove emergency, the governor by
proclamation may for the period of
the 'emergency transfer the seat of-
government to another place. I
SECTION 3. Branches of govern-
ment -The powers of the state
government shall be divided into
legislative, executive and judicial
branches. No person belonging to
one branch shall exercise any
Powers appertainirng to either of the
other branches unless expressly
provided herein.
SECTION 4. State seal and
flag.-The design of the great seal
and flog of the state shall be pre-
scribed by law.
SECTION 5. Public officers.-
(a) No person holding any office of
emolument under any foreign
government, or civil office of
emolument under the United States
or any other state, shall hold any of-
fice of honor or of emolument under
the government of this state. No per-
son shall hold at the some time more
than one office under the government
of the state and the counties and
municipalities therein, except that a
notary public or military officer.may
hold another office, and any officer
may be a member of a constitution
revision commission, constitutional
convention, or statutory body having
only advisory powers or hold such
other non-elective offices as provided
by general law. No person who has,
or but for resignation would have,
served in an executive statewide
elective office for more than six
tears in two consecutive terms shall
e elected to that office for the suc-
ceeding term.
(b) Each state and county officer,
before entering upon the duties of the
office, shall give bond as required by
law, and shall swear or affirm:
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm)
that I will support, protect, and
defend the Constitution and Govern-
ment of the United States and of the
State of Florida; that I am duly
qualified to hold office under the Con-
stitution of the state; and that I will
well and faithfully perform the duties
of ... (title ofroffice) .-. on which I
am now about to enter. So help me
and thereafter shall devote personal
attention to the duties of the office,
and continue in office until his
successor qualifies.
(c) The powers, duties, compensa-
tion and method of payment of state
and county officers shall be fixed by
Schedule to Article II, Section 5.-
In the event the revision to Article Ii,
Section 5 (ot, prohibiting statewide
elected officers from serving more
than two consecutive terms, is adopt-
ed executive statewide elected
officers in office on the dole this con-
stitution becomes effective shall
thereafter be eligible fo serve one ad-
ditional consecutive term.
SECTION 6. Enemy attack.-In
periods of emergency resulting from
enemy attack the legislature shall
hove power to provide for prompt
and temporary succession to the
powers and duties of all public offices
the incumbents of which may
become unavailable to execute the
functions of their offices, and to
adopt such other measures as may
be necessary and appropriate to in-
sure the continuity of governmental
operations during the emergency. In
exercising these powers, the legisla-
ture may depart from other require-
ments of this constitution, but only to
the extent necessary to meet the

SECTION ;. Natural
scene beauty. It Shal
of tt-.c state to conser
Its natural roesaurce
eauty. Adequate- pro'
modc by lao for the ob
cad wate- polluti5 a"
and unatee3sery neiae
SECTION 7-8. Ethi
ment.-A public oattffic
trust. The people ,shall
to secure and sustc
against abuse. To assur
(a) All elected coi
ficers and candidates I
and, as may be deter
other public officers, c
employees shall file f
disclosure of their finan
(b) All elected publ
candidates for such of
full and public discli
campaign finances.
(c) Any public office
who breaches the pt
private gain and any u
inducing such breach
to the state for all fin
obtained by such acti
ner of recovery a
damages may be provli
(d) Any public office
who Is convicted of a f
a breach of public trust
iect to forfeiture o
privileges under a pul
system or pension plan
ner as may be provided
(e) No member of
or statewide elected oft
sonally represent ano
entity for compensate
government body or a
the individual was
member for a period o
lowing vocation qf offic
of the legislature st
represent another pe
for compensation duri
flee before any state
than judicial tribune
strictions on other pub
employees may bee
(f) There shall be a
commission-to conduct
and make public repo
plaints concerning br
trust by public officer
not within the Juris
judicial qualifications c
(g) This section she
strued to limit di
prohibitions which n
wished by law to presei
trust and avoid cao
public duties and privo
nI) Schedule to Art
7.v-On the effective
amendment and unitl
.L) 144-) Full and pu
oftfinancial interests
ing with the secret
July 1 of each year
meant showing net war
Ing each asset and li1
of $1,000 and its value
one of the following:
I ) e. A copy of the
recent federal income
L2) b.- A sworn st
identifies each sepor
amount of income
$1,000. The forms for s
closure and the rule
they ore "to'.be filed
scribed by the indepeI
sion established in
and such rules shell
sure of secondary sour
Lb) (2) Persons ho
elective offices shall
sure of their financial
suant to subsection -(-h
(c) (3) The indepe
sion provided for in
shall mean the 'Flora
on Ethics.
legislative power of th
vested in a legislature
Florida, consisting of
posed of one senator
each senatorial distrl
of representatives co
member elected from
totlve district.
SECTION 2. Member
Each house shall bi
of the qualifications,
returns of its memb
biennially choose its
Ing a perfmoarenl pi
selected from its me
sIdIngsoY^cert sholFt
the senate as preslder
and in the house as
house of represent
vacancy in the office
officer, the president
the speaker, pro 4temp
may be,. shall oultmi
to,.tfheofficeO The sen
note 0 secretary to si
sure, and the house
tives shall designate c
at its pleasure. The-l

SECTION 3. Session
On the fourteenth day
general election the I
convene for the exclu
organization and selec
regular session of
shall convene on th
Tuesday, after--the 4
AWr4- February of e
bered year,7nd'-on-tt
of tt---He-- f-st--.Mende
less otherwise provide
(1) The governor, b
stating the purpose, m
legislature in'special
which only such iegis
may be transacted a
purview of the proclo
communication from
or is introduced byo
thirds of the memb
(2) A special session
ture may be conven
by law.
regular session of
shall not exceed six
days, and a special s
exceed twenty consec
less extended beyond
three-fifths vote of ea(
ing such an extension
ness may be taken up
without the consent oi
its membership.
house shall adjourn
seventy-two consecul
cept pursuant to conr
NOR. If, during an
special session, the t
not agree upon a fin
meant, the governor p
session sine die or to
the period authorized
sion; provided that, a
four hours before adio
sion, he shall, while n
in recess, give each
written notice of his
so, and agreement
that period by both hi
for adjournment shall

(ai A majority of t
of each house shall cc
ugi, but a smaller ni
aourn from day to d
the presence of obse
such manner and ung
ties as it may prescri
shall determine
(b) Sessions of eaco
public; except session
when considering opi
removal from public
(c) Each house shal
lish a journal of its pi
upon the request of
present, the vote of
voting on any questic
tered on the journal.
id) B a_ majority v
cpea r-member it
thirds vote of its me
expel a member. Upo
presiding officer, ei7
convene' for such pu
or not the other house
SECTION 5. Inves

nesses.-Each house,
sion, may 'compel att
nesses and production
and other evidence ui
under investigation b
of its committees, and
fine not exceeding on
lars or imprisonment
ninety days, or both,
a member who has be
orderly or contempt
its presence or has i
its lawful summons or
ful questions. Such
the Power to punish
ferred by law upon.co
the legislature is not
ishment of contempt
legislative committee
judicial proceedings
by low.
shall embrace but o
matter properly conne
and the subject shall
pressed in the title. I
revised or amended

its title only. LOws to 1revl4e
ST 31 amend shall set out In full the riYI
or amended act, section, subS l5i
-- or paragraph of a subsection. T0
enacting clause of every law holl
resources and read: "Be It Enacted by the Legllla-
ll be the policy tureof the Stateof Florida:"
y,'e and rotoct
s and sorlc SECTION 7. Passage of bills.-Any
vislan shall be' bill may originate in either house and
lboterVent of-owi after passage in one may, be amend-
Id of excessive ed In the other. It shall be read in
each house on three separate days,
unless this rule is waived by two-
ics in govern- thirds vote; provided that publicatifn
e is a public in the Journal shII satisfy tle
have the right requirement of the firstrst reading On
ain that trust each reading, it shall be read by title
re this right: only, unless one-third of the
institutional of- members present desire it read in
for such offices full. On final passage, the vote vote f
mined by law, each member voting shall be entered-
candidaotes, and on the journal. Passage of a bill shall
ull and Public require a molority vote in each
ncil Interests, house. Each bill and joint resolution
ic officers and passed in bath houses shall be signed
flfes shall file by the presiding officers of the re-
Dsure of their spective houses and by the secretary
osureof the senate and the clerk of the
house of representatives during the
mr or employee session or as soon as practicable
public trust for after its adjournment sine die.
Person or entity
shall be liable SECTION 8. Executive approval
iancial benefits and veto.-
ons. The man- (a) Every .bill passed by the legis-
ind additional lature shall be presented to the
ded by law. governor for his approval and shall
er or employee become a low if he approves and
elony involving signs it, or fails to veto it within
st shall be sub- seven consecutive days after presen-
of rights and nation. If during'that period or on the
biln retirement seventh day the legislature adiourtS.
n In such man- sine die or takes a recess of more
I by low. than thirty days, he shall hove thirty
the legislature f,4feen, consecutive days from the
tflcer shall per- date of presentation to act on the bill.
their person or In all cases except general appro-
on before thle priation bills, the veto shall extend to
aency of which the entire bill. The governor may
n two years o l veto any specific appropriation In a
mfa of- t general approprlotion bill, but may
ce. No member not veto any qualification.or restric-
hall personally tlon without also vetoing the appro-
rson or entity riotion towhich it relates.
ng term of of: (b) When bill or any specific ap-
Sagency other propriotion of a general aoppropria-
Is. Similar re- tion bill has been vetoed by the
lsc officers and governor, he shall transmit his
established by signed objections thereto to the house-
S t In which the bill originated if in ses-
an independent sion. If that house is not in session,
SInvestigations he shall file them with the secretary
)rts on all com- of state, who shall tay them before
reach of public that house at its next regular or.
s or employees special session, and they shall be en-
sdiction of the tered on its. journal.
commission. (c) If each house shall, by a two-
all not be con- thirds vote, re-enact the bill or rein-
sclosures and state the vetoed specific appropriao-
nay be estab- tion of general appropriation bill,
aerve the public the vote of each member voting shall
iflcts between be entered on the respective lour-
ete interests, nols, and the bill shall become low or
ide II, Section the specific appropriation reinstated;
date of this the veto notwithstanding. AVeted
il changed by bill or vetoed specific approprition
ubc d scl re shall not be considered later than the
sbhlic discloe adjournment of the next regular ses-
shall mean til- sion following ihe session n which
ry of state by such bill or appropriation was
a sworn state-.
th and identify- passed.
ability In excess
together with SECTION 9. Effective dote of laws.
O- Each law wholl take effect on the
Person's most sixtieth day after adjournment sine
tax return; or die of the session of the legislature in
totement which which enacted or as otherwise
ate source and provided therein. If the low Is passed
which exceeds over the veto of the governor it shall
wich source ds take effect on the sixtieth day after.
such soundr whis-h adjournment sine die of te die of the sessio-
shall be pre- in which the veto is overridden, on a
Sndent commis- later date fixed in the low, or on a
subse.ction m s date fixed by resolution passed'b'y
include disclo- both houses of the legislature.
icesof income.wde SECTION 10. Special laws-No
also file diselo- special low shall be passed unless no-
Sinterests pu- f ice of intention to seek enactment
T n Net of rs thereof has been published in the
. ..(m) ta-f-nLS manner provided by general law.
endent commis- Such notice shall not be necessary
Subsection )M when the low, except the provision
da Commission for referendum, is conditioned to
become effective only upon approval
by vote of the electors of the area of-
-rIII feteed.
URE SECTION 11. Prohibited special
imposition.-The lows.-
ie state shall be ) There shall be no special law
of the State of or general low of local application
senate pertaining to:
r ente rcam- (1) election, jurisdiction or duties
elected from s of officers, except officers of muni-
ct and a house cipalitles, chartered counties, special
iepos represen districts or local governmental agen-
each orepresen- ies;
(2) assessment or collection of
s; officers-,- taxes for state or county purposes,
the sole iudga including extension of time therefore,
lecns ad relief of tax officers from due per-
elections, and formonce of their duties, and relief of
bers, -and shall t heir sureties from liability;
oresidng aoicer (3) rules of evidence in any court;
ic (4 1 punishment for crime;
membership, who (5) petit uries, including compen-
2e eesignaTed fn salmon of jurors, except establlsh-
nt of the senate, ment of jury commissions;
speaker of the (6) change of civil or criminal yen-
3tives. U on ue;
e of presiding (7) conditions precedent to bring-
pro lempore or. ing any civil or criminal proceedings,
ore, as the case. oa' limilolionSol time Iherefor,
Itlcally, succeed ()t refund of money legally paid or.
nate.shalldesig- + remission ol lines, PenolheS or lorfel-'
merve at its plea- lures;
of representa- (9) creation, enforcement, exten-
Sclerk to serve sion or Impairment of liens based on
leislokw.e -shell private contracts, or fixing of inter-
e-see--l--4t est rotes on private contracts;
S.e .F -OtlHS (. 110) disposal of public property, in-
S--~4 etet .es-H, eluding any interest therein, for
,-o.-e..oeeel- private purposes;
(11) vocation of roads;
ofthe lisai 00(12) private incorporation or grant
s of the legislo- of privilege to a private corporation;
ON SESSIONS. (13) effectuation of invalid deeds,
Following h wills or other Instruments, or change
following each In the low of descent;
legislature shall (14) change of name of any person;
tsive purpose of (15) dissau.1qtn of marriage
flop of officers, diver-ce-.
(16) legitimation or adoption of per-
the legislature (17) relief of minors from legal dis-
ie -sst.e- second abilities;
iac'"td--n- ach odd-t-ulsto est of persons under legal disabilities
lew--Fi,--uisy-er- or of estates of decedents;
y-4e-r4K4,-e-orw (19) hunting or fresh water fishing;
noy--be--ixed-.i (20) regulation of occupations
ber-ed-veer-.: which are regulated by a state
d by law. agency; or
(21) any subject when prohibited
ONS. by general law passed by a three-
iy proclamation fifths vote of the membership of each
lay convene the house. Such low may be amended or
session during repealed by like vote.
sloative business (b) In the enactment of general
is is within the lows on other subjects, political sub-
3motion, or of a divisions or other governmental enti-
the governor, ties may be classified only on a basis
consent of two- reasonably related to the subject of
ership of each the law.
-SECTION 12. Appropriation bills.-
n of the legisalo- Laws making appropriations for
ed as provided salaries of public officers and other
SESSIONS. A current expenses of the state shall
the legislature contain provisions on no other sub-
xtv consecutive iect.
e ssio n shall not SECTION 14. Civil service sys-
sutive days, u- tem.-By low there shall be created
such limit by a a civil service system for state em-
Sno new bus- i ployees, except those expressly
3in neithwrhuse exempted, and there may be created
in either house civil service systems and boards for
of two-thirds of county, district or municipal em-
ENT. Neither ployees and for such offices thereof
fo. Nre ther as are not elected or appointed by
for more than the governor, and there may be outh-
tive hours ex- orized such boards as ore necessary
current resolu- to prescribe the qualifications, meth-
od of selection and tenure of such
T BY GOVER- employees and officers.
wo houses con- SECTION 15. Terms and qualifica-
ne for adourn- lions of legislators.-
nay adiourn the 1at SENATORS. Senators shall be
any date within elected for terms of four years, those
I for such ses- from odd-numbered districts in the
at least twenty- years the numbers of which ore mul-
ourning the ses- tiptes of four and those from even-
neithfr house is numbered districts in even-num-
ihose formal bred years the numbers of which
intention to do ore not multiples of four; except. at
reached within the election next following a reoppor-
ueoime tionment, one hqlf of the some sena-
prevail, tars shall be eTecTedTorferms of two
years when necessary to maintain
rum and pro- (bi REPRESENTATIVES. Mem.
he membership bers of the house of representatives
he shall be elected for terms of two
imber may uo" years in each even-numbered year.
uy and compd- (cd QUALIFICATIONS. Each legis-
ay memnb erel Iltor shall be oi-leost--twentw-one
nt mers ini veems-el-pee, an elector and resident
jer such penal- of the district from which elected arid
be. Each house shall have resided in the state for a
Is rules of period of two years prior to election.
house shall be (d> ASSUMING OFFICE; VACAN-
housel holh be CIES. Members of the legislature
ins'a the senate shall take office upon election.
pointment to or Vacancies in legislative office shall
office may be be filled only by election as provided
II keep and pub- by low.
oceedings; and SECTION 17. Impeachment,- ***
five members (0) The governor, lieutenant
each member governor, members- -ef the -cbjinet
on shall be en- statewide elected constitutional of-
'ate of its mem- judges af district courts at appeal,
mray--.n.'s^ s-l-- a04 fudges of circuit courts and

w--c-Wen)--- judges of county courts shall be lio-
Dnd, by a two- ble to impeachment for misdemeanor
membership, may in office. The house of representa-
n the call of the tives by two-thirds vote of the mem-
ier- iouse --sHI bership shall have the power-7om-fi-
rposes whether peach on officer andupon the call of
s in session the speaker shall conveneiTor -tTs
.. n w purpose whether or not the senate is
stigations; wit- In session. The speaker of the house
when in ses- of representatives shall hove power
endonce of wit- at any time to appoint a committee to
n of documents investigate charges -against any of.
pan any matter ficer subject Ip impeachment
before it or any (b) An officer impeached by the
I may punish by house .if representatives shall be dis-
e thousand dol- qualified from performing any of-
not exceeding ficial duties until acquitted by the
any person not senate, and unless the governor- is
Den guilty of dis- impeached he may by appointment
uous conduct in fill the office until completion of the
refused to obey trial.
to answer low. (c) All impeachments by the house
powers, except of representatives shall be tried by
, may be con- the senate. The chief justice of the
committees when supreme court, or another justice
in session. Pun- designated by him, shall preside at
of an interim the trial, except in a trial of the chief
e shall be by justice or another justice, in which
as prescribed case the presiding officer shall ba o
judicial officer other than a Justice
selected in a manner provided by
's.-Every low low gever-no-shei.-preside. The sen-
ne subject ana ate shall determine the time for the
ected therewith, trial of any impeachment and may
I be briefly ex- sit for the trial whether the house of
No law shall be representatives be in session or not.
by reference to The time fixed efor trial shall not be

flerti1n sIx months after the Im-
SDuring n impeachment
trIag.Mlators shall be upon their oath
or gylrmatlon. No officer shall be
convl't1d without the concurrence of
two-tlrds of the member
member-s of the senate PFesent.
Judgment of conviction In cases of
impeachment shall remove the of-
fender from office and, In the discre-
tion of the senate, may include dis-
qualification to hold any office of hon-
or, trust or profit. Conviction or ac-
quittal shall not affect the civil or
criminal responsibility of the officer.

SECTION 18. Conflict of Interest.-
A code of ethics for all state em-
ployees and noniudicial officers
prohibiting conflict between public
duty and private interests shall be
prescribed by law.

SECTION 19. Review of rules.-
(a) The legislature shall maintain
continuing oversight of rules promul-
gated by agencies of the executive
branch of government.
(b) The legislature may establish a
point legislative committee to revi w
continuously the rules adopted by
agencies of the executive Branch.
After reasonable notice to the
agency, the loint committee may
seek judicial review of the validity of
an administrative 'rule exceeding
delegated authority. The review shall
be in an expedited proceeding before
the supreme court or such court as
the supreme court by rule moy des-
ignate. The court shall suspend the
rule pending judicial determination
of its validity.
SECTION 20. Auditor general.-
he legislature, by a moaiority vote
of the membership of each house,
sholl appoint on independent .auditor
general who shll be g certified pub-
lic accountant licensed to practice in
this state and hove such other
qualficatfons as are prescribed by
l1w. The auditor general shall serve
at the pleasure of the legislature.
SECTION 1. Governor.-
(a) The supreme executive power
shall be vested In a governor. He
shall be commander-in-chief of all
military forces of the state not in ac-
tive service of the United States. He
sholl be the chief law enforcement of-
icer f the state. He shall take care
that the laws be faithfully executed,
commission all officers of the state
arid' counties, and transact all neces-
sary business with the officers of
government. He may require infor-
mation In writing from all executive
or administrative state, county or
municipal officers upon any subject
relating to the duties of their respec-
tive offices.
(b) The governor may initiate
judicial proceedings in the name of
the state against any executive or
administrative state, county or mun-
icipal officer to enforce compliance
with any duty or restrain any
unauthorized act.
(c) The governor may request in
writing the opinion of the justices of
the supreme court as to the Interpre-
tation of any portion of this constitu-
tion upon any question affecting his
.executive powers .and duties. The
justices shall, subject to their rules of
procedure, permit interested persons
to be heard on the questions present-
ed and shall render their written
opinion not earlier than ten days
from the filing and docketing of the
request, unless in their judgment the
delay would cause public injury.
(d) The governor shall have power
to call out the militia to preserve the
public peace,, execute the lws of the
state, suppress insurrection, or repel
(e) The governor shall by message
at least once in each regular session
Inform the legislature concerning the
condition of the, state, propose such
reorganization of the executive
deportment as will promote ef-
ficiency and economy, and recom-
mend measures in the public inter-
(f) When not otherwise provided
for in 'this constitution, the governor
shall fill by appointment any vacancy
in state or county office for the
remainder of the term of on appoin-
tive office, and for the remainder of
the term of on elective office If less
than twenty-eight months, otherwise
until the first Tuesday after the first
Monday following the next general
SECTION 2 Lieutenant gover-
nor.-There shall be a lieutenant
governor. He shall perform such du-
ties pertpining to the office of gover-
nor as shall be assigned to him by
the governor, except when otherwise
provided by low, and such other du-
ties as may be prescribed by low.
SECTION 7. Suspensions; filling of-
fice during suspensions.-
(a) By executive order rating the
grounds 'and hiled wilh the secretary
of state, the governor may suspend
from police any state officer not sub-
lect.to impeachment, any officer of
the militia not in the active service of
the United States, or any -eounty of-
ficer, of a school distrilcv_r a s pecimf
districtfo-ulorI zedci-awTreTu;7oay a
valorem taxes or any municipal or
county officer holding an elective of-
fice tr malfeasance, misfeasance,
neglect of duty, drunkenness, Incom-
petence, permanent inability to per-
form his official duties, or commis-
sion of a felony, and may fill the of-
fice by appointment for the period of
suspension. The suspended officer
may at any time before removal be
reinstated by the governor,
(b) The senate may, in proceed-
ings prescribed by law, remove from
office or reinstate the suspended of-
ficial and for such purpose the se the senate
may be convened in special session
by its president or by a majority of
its membership.
(c) Any state officer subject to im-
peachment, if indicted or informed
against for a felony, may disqualify
himself from performing any official
duties until acquitted or until the in-
dictment or information Is dismissed,
by filing an irrevocable notice of dis-
qualification with the secretary of
state. The lieutenant governor and
any statewide elected constitutional
officer, if- indicted for a felony, may
be disqualified by the governor by
the filing of an executive order from
performing any official duties until
acquitted or until the indictment is
dismissed. The governor may, by ap-
pointment, fill the office during the'
periodd of any disqualification. If the
governor disqualifies himself, the
lieutenant governor shall act as
governor during the period of-dis-
quohlfication. Bv-or-derF-ef-the-9goveF.
nof--ny--ee --e ise1potfc-erF--i.n-
beyont----the---erm,----unless---- these
pewers-ore--vested-etsewhere-.b -lovw-
of-4t#ie- muniipet-c-hiefter.-
SECTION 8. Clemency.-
iegislofure-o .-9ront---.ar-den..or.
fut-er- -fee eve-,--otfherwise--the-se--
4-c) .il. There may be created .by
law a parole and- r-obalion commis-
sion wih- power- 4o- supervise -persons
oe--proboetie--gl to grant paroles or
conditional releases to persons under
sentences for ,crime. The qualifica-
tions, method of selection and terms;
not to 'exceed six years, of members
of the commission and commission
roce ures sholl be pfescrTby

SECTION 9. Game and fresh water
fish commission.-There shall be a
game and fresh water fish commis-
sion, composed of five members ap-
pointed by the governor subject to
confirmation by the senate for stag-
gered terms of five years. The com-
mission shall exercise the regulatory
and executive powers of the state
with respect to wild animal life and
fresh water aquatic life, except that
all license fees for taking wild animal
life and fresh water aquatic life and
penalties for violating regulations of
the commission shall be prescribed
by specific statute. The legislature
may enact laws in aid of the commis-
sion, not inconsistent with this sec-
tion. The commission's exercise 01
executive powers in the area of plan-
ning, budgeting, personnel manage-
ment, and purchasing shall be as
provided by low. Revenue derived
from such license fees shall be ap-
propriated to the commission by the
legislature for the purpose of man-
agement, protection and conserva-
tion of wild animal life and fresh
water aquatic life.

SECTION 11. Department of
heoaltfh.-There shall be a department
of health, the head of which shall be
0 physician with training in public
health who is appointed by the gover-
nor and confirmed by the senate. The
department shall have supervision of
matters pertaining to the protection
and promotion of the health of the
people of Florida as prescribed by
Schedule to Article IV, Section 11 -
This section shall lake effect on July
SECTION 1. Courts.-The judicial
power shall be vested in 0 supreme
court, district courts of appeal, cir-
cuit courts and county courts. No
other courts may be established by
the state, any political subdivision or
any municipality. The legislature
shall, by general law, divide the state
into. appellate court districts and
Judicial circuits following county
lines. Commissions established by

low. or administrative officers or

bodies may be gr IOS11ludlcal
power In matters L.u. ed with the
functions of their offices. All I
hearings and records an a
proceedings and records of 'uditotI
agencies except grand and petit fur-
s shall be open and accessible to
the people. When it is essential to ac-
complish overriding governmental
purposes or to protect privacy inter-
ests, the supreme court by rule or
the legislature by general law may
exempt hearings, proceedings and
records from this section.
SECTION 2. Administration; prac-
tice and procedure.-
(a) The supreme court shall adopt
rules for the practice and procedure
in all courts including the time for
seeking appellate review,-the admin-
istrative supervision of oll courts, the
transfer to the court having jurisdic-
tion of any proceeding when the lur-
isdiction of another court has been
improvidently invoked, and a re-
quirement that no cause shall be dis-
missed because on improper remedy
has been sought. These rules may be
repealed by general low enacted by
two-thirds vote of the membership of
each house of the legislature.
(b) The chief Justice of the. su-
preme court shall be chosen by a
majority of the members of the
court. He shall be the chief adminis-
trative officer of the judicial system.
He shall have the power to assign
Justices or Judges, including consent-
ing retired Justices or Judges, to tem-
porary duty in any court for which
the judge is qualified and to delegate
to a chief judge of a judicial circuit
the power to assign judges for duty
in his respective circuit. The budget
for the judicial branch shaoTBe sub-
mitted directly to the legislature as
provided hv law
(c) A chief judge'for each district
court of appeal shall be chosen by a
majority of the judges thereof or, if
there Is no majority, by the chief lus-
tice. The chief Judge shall be respon-
sible for the administrative supervi-
sion of the court.
(d) A chief judge in each circuit
shall be chosen' from among the cir-
cuit judges as provided by supreme
court rule. The chief judge shall be
responsible for the administrative
supervision of the circuit courts and
county courts in his circuit.
SECTION 3. Supreme court.-
preme court shall consist of seven
justices, Of- the- seen- vlustlees, -each
o peH4ae-4istr4ei--shoN-t-have-o4-leeos-
the-distrie-to-the-suprime- oewt-who
of--hi4-origine4-eppointm -t-or--elec-
tion- Five Justices shall constitute a
quorum. The concurrence of four
justices shall be necessary to a deci-
sion. When-reousals-foF-eeuse- wOuld
proeh ,---4'e-e--eurt--- because--o-the--r-equirementts.-of--thi&
peworv- .4-tu-- mev-be-subsIu4ed--f0r-
preme court:
(1) Shall hear appeals from final
judgments of trial courts imposing
the death penalty and, upon opplica-
tion of the defendant, shaioleor aip-
peals from final iudgments of convic-
tions in which the death penalty
could hove been Imposed. If an ap-
peal from a conviction in which a life
sentence was imposed results in re-
trial the life sentence shall be the
maximum penalty imposed 9n re-
trial. The supreme court shall also
hear appeals from orders of trial
courts and decisions of district courts
of appeal initially and directly pass-
ing on the validity of a state statute
or a federal statute or treaty, or con-
struing a provision of tlie state or
federal constitution.
(2) When provided by general low,
shall hear appeals from final iudg-
ments and orders of trial courts im-
posing life imprisonment or final
judgments entered in proceedings for
the validation of bonds or certificates
of indebtedness. ,
(4) May Issue writs of prohibition
to courts and commissions in causes
within the Jurisdiction of the supreme
court to review, and all writs neces-
sary to the complete exercise of its
(5) May issue writs of mandamus
and quo warroato to state officers
and state agencies. *
(6) May, or any justice may, issue
writs of habeas corpus returnable
before the supreme court or any Jus-
tice, a district court of appeal or any
judge thereof, or any circuit Judge.
(7) Shall have the power of direct
review of administrative action pre-
scribed by general low.
supreme court shall appoint a clerk
and a marshal who shall hold office
during the pleasure of the court and
perform such duties as the court di-
rects. Their compensation shall be
fixed by general law. The marshal
shall have the power to execute the
,process of the court throughout the
stotee' nd in any -county may depu-
tize the sheriff or 'a deputy-sheriff for
such purpose.
Schedule to Article V Section
3.-The provision in subsection 3 (b)
(I) which allows a defendant upon
application to appeal to the supreme
court in cases where the death penal-
ty could have been imposed, shall
only apply to those cases where the
final Iudgments are entered on or
after January 1, 1979.
SECTION 4. District courts of ap-
(a) ORGANIZATION.-There shall
be a district court of appeal serving
each appellate district. Each district
court of appeal shall consist of at
least three Judges. Three judges
shall consider each case and the con-
currence of two shall be necessary to
a decision.
(1) District courts of appeal shall
hove jurisdiction to hear appeals,
that may be taken as a matter of
right, from final judgments or orders
of trial courts, including those en-
tered on review of administrative ac-
tion, not directly appealable to the
supreme court or a circuit court,
They may review interlocutory
orders in such cases to the extent
provided by rules adopted by the su-
preme court.
(2) District courts of appeal shall
have the power of direct review of
administrative action, as prescribed
by general law.
(3) A district court of appeal or
any judge thereof may issue writs of
habeas corpus returnable before the
court or any Judge thereof or before
any circuit iudge within the territor-
ial jurisdiction of the court. A district
Court of appeal may issue writs of
mandamus, certiorari, prohibition,
quo warraoo, and other writs neces-
sary to the complete exercise of its
jurisdiction. To the extent necessary
to dispose of all issues in a cause
properly before it, a district court of
appeal may exercise any of the ap-
pellate jurisdiction of the circuit
Each district court of appeal shall
appoint a clerk and a marshal who
shall hold office during the pleasure
of the court and perform such duties
as the court directs. Their compensa-
tion shall be fixed by general low.
The marshal shall hove the power to
execute the process of the court
throughout the territorial jurisdiction
of the court, and in any county may
deputize the sheriff or a deputy sher-
iff for such purpose.
SECTION S. Circuit courts.-
(o) ORGANIZATION.-There shall
be a circuit court serving each
judicial circuit.
(b) JURISDICTION-The circuit
courts shall hove original jurisdiction
not vested in the county courts, and
jurisdiction of appeals when provided
by general law. They shall hove the
power to issue writs of mandamus,
quo warrant, certiorari, prohibition
and habeas corpus, and oll writs
necessary or proper to the complete
exercise of their jurisdiction. Juris-
diction of the circuit court shall be
uniform throughout the state. They
shall hove the power of direct review
of administrative action prescribed
by general low.
SECTION 6. County courts.-
(o1 ORGANIZATION-There shall
be a county court in each county.
There shall be one or more judges
for each county court as prescribed
by general low.
(b) JURISDICTION.-The county
courts shall exercise the jurisdiction
prescribed by general low. Such jur-
isdiction shall be uniform throughout
the state.

SECTION 7. Specialized divi,
sions.- All courts except the su-
preme court may sit in divisions as
may be established by supreme
court rule gener e-4Go. A circuT--or
county court may hold civil and
criminal trials and hearings in any
p*'ce within the territorial iurisdic-
tion of the court as designated by the
chief Iudge of the circuit.
SECTION 8. Eligibility.-No person
shall be eligible for the office of jus-
tice or judge of any court unless he is
on elector of the state and resides in
the territorial jurisdiction of the re-
spective tis court. The le. isleisre
m y prescribe a retirement ge -of
not less than seventy years of age for
justices and judges. No-iustice-or
ude-shell serve offer attaining 4he
tempferory---essignmen4w .-.*..--4e-.. c-em-
pet-ee-4er.iFr-te-hohl .ewhich 4e-hos
served- No person is eligible for the
office of justice of the supreme court
or judge of a district court of appeal
unless he is, and has been for the
preceding ten years, a member of
the bar of Florida. No person is
eligible for the office of circuit judge
unless he is, and has been for the
preceding five years, a member of
the bar of Florida. Unless-etherwise
previded--.w--gener-o-.iew,-e-.-eo Ay

c Viiup*~-b .-emberA-44he
be 1 ,^,kd .- N p person Is el.g-- le
for the office of count rt
unlI heas a member of the bir of

schedule to Articlq V, S etion 8.-
) Until changed by law, no iys-
tice or iudge shall serve after attain-
ng the age of seventy years except
upon temporary assignment or to
complete a term, one half of which he
has served.
-(bT) county court Judge in of-
fice on the dolte this article is adopted
shall not be inelgible to serve as o
county court iudge Yre[y cause
o M nonm.mebershlp In |he l.ar of
orl as lono as such udes ser.
vice Is continuous,
SECTION 9. Determination of
number of iudges.-The supreme
court shqll establish by rule uniform
criteria for the determination of the
need for additional judges except su-
preme court justices, the necessity
for decreasing the number of judges
and for increasing, decreasing or
redefining appellate districts and
judicial circuits. If the supreme court
finds that a need exists for increas-
ing or decreasing the number of
Judges or increasing, decreasing or
redefining appellate districts and
judicial circuits, it shall, prior to the
next regular session of the legisla-
ture, certify to the legislature its find-
ings and recommendations concern-
ing such need. Upon receipt of such
certificate, the legislature, at the
next regular session, shall con-
sider the findings and recommenda-
tions and may rdiect the recommen-
dotions or by low implement the
recommendations in whole or in
part; provided the legislature may
create more judicial offices than are
recommended by the supreme court
or may decrease the number of
Judicial officers by a greater number
than recommended by the court only
upon a finding ofat two-thirds of the
membership of both houses of the
legislature, that such a need exists. A
decrease in the number of judges
shall be effective only after the expir-
ation of a term. If the supreme court
falls to make findings as provided
above when need exists, the legisla-
ture may by concurrent resolution
request the court to certify its find-
ings and recommendations and upon
the failure of the court to certify its
findings for nine consecutive months,
the legislature may, upon a finding of
two-thirds of the membership of both
houses of the legislature that a need
exists, increase or decrease the
number of Judges or increase, de-
crease or redefine appellate districts
onl judicial circuits.
SECTION 11. Vacancies.-
44() c) There shall be a separate
Judicial nominating commission as
provided by general low for the su-
preme court, each district court of
appeal, and each judicial circuit for
all trial courts within the circuit.
Uniform rules of procedure for the
judicial nominating commissions
shall be prescribed by the supreme
court. All proceedings and records of
the judicial nominating commissions
shall be open and accessible to the
public. The supreme court may by
rule exempt portions of the proceed-
ings and records from this provision
when it is essential to accomplish
overriding governmental purposes or
to protect privacy interests.
SECTION 12. Discipline; removal
and retirement.-
(a) There shall be a judicial
qualifications commission vested
with Jurisdiction to investigate and
recommend to the Supreme Court of
Florida the removal from office of
any Justice or judge whose conduct,
during term of office or otherwise oc-
curring on or after November 1, 1966,
(without regard to the effective date
of this section) demonstrates a pres-
ent unfitness to hold office, and to in-
vestigate and recommend the rep-
rimand of a Justice or judge whose
conduct, during term of office or oth-
erwise occurring on or after
November 1, 1966 (without regard to
the effective date of this section),
warrants such a reprimand. The
commission shall be composed of:
(1) Two judges of district courts of
appeal selected by the judges of
those courts, two circuit judges
selected by the Judges of the circuit
courts and two Judges of county
courts selected by the Judges of those
(2) Two electors who reside in the
state, who are members of the bar of
Florida, and who shall be chosen by
the governing body of the bar of
Florida; and,
(3) Five electors who reside in the
state, who hove never held judicial
office or been members of the bar of
Florida, and who shall be appointed
by the governor.
(b) The members of the judicial
qualifications commission shall serve
staggered terms, not to exceed six
years,.as prescribed by general low.
No member appointed b the govern
ing body of the bar aFlorida shall
be eligible to serve consecutive
terms. No member of the commis-
sion except ao justice or judge shall
be eligible for state Judicial office so
long as he is a member of the com-
mission and for a period of two years
thereafter. No member of the com-
mission shall hold office in a political
party or participate in any campaign
for Judicial office or hold public of-
fice; provided that a judge may par-
ticipate in his own campaign for
Judicial office and hold that office.
The commission shall elect one of its
members as its chairman.
(c) Members of the judicial
qualifications commission not subject
to impeachment shall be subject to
removal from the commission pur-
suant .to the provisions of Article IV,
Section 7, Florida Constitution.
(d) The commission shall adopt
rules regulating its proceedings, the
filling of vacancies by the appointing
authorities, the disqualification of
members, and the temporary re-
placement of disqualified or in-
capacitated members. The commis-
sion's rules, or any part thereof, may
be repealed by general law enacted
by a majority 'vote of the member-
ship of each house of the legislature,
or by the supreme court, five justices
concurring. Until formal charges
against a justice or Judge are filed by
the commission with the clerk of the
supreme court of Florida all
proceedings by or before the com-
mission shall be confidential; provid-
ed, however, upon a finding of proba-
ble cause and the filing by the com-
mission with said clerk of such for-
mal charges against a Justice or
Judge such charges and all further
proceedings before the, commission
shall be public. The commission may
with seven members concurring
recommend to the supreme court the
temporary suspension of any Justice
or judge against whom formal
charges are pending.
(e) The commission shall hove
access to oiall information from all
executive, legislative and judicial
agencies, including grand juries,
subject to the rules of the commis-
sion. At any time, on request of the
speaker of the house of representa-
tives or the governor, the commis-
sion shall make available all infor-
mation in the possession of the com-
mission for use in consideration of
Impeachment or suspension, respec-
(fI Upon recommendation of two-
thirds of the members of the Judicial
qualifications commission, the su-
preme court may order that the jus-
tice or iudge be disciplined by appro-
priate reprimand, or be removed
from office with termination of com-
pensation for willful or persistent
failure to perform ,his duties or for
oiher conduct unbecoming a member
of the judiciary demonstrating a
present unfitness to hold office, or be
involuntarily retired (or any perma-
nent disability that seriously inter-
feres with the performance of his du-
ties. Molafides, scienter or moral tur-
pitude on the port of a justice or
Iudge shall not be required for
removal from office of a Justice or
judge whose conduct demonstrates a
present unfitness to hold office. After
the filing of a formal proceeding and
upon request of the commission, the
supreme court may suspend the jus-
tice or judge from office, with or
without compensation, pending final
determination of the inquiry.
(g) The power of removal con-
ferred by this section shall be both
alternative and cumulative to the
power of impeachment end-e-te-he
power of susr-nceon by 4ge--eveenor.
(h) Notwithstanding any of the
foregoing provisions of this section, if
the person who is the subject of
proceedings by the judicial quolitico-
.ions commission is a justice of the
supreme court of Florida all justices
of such court automatically shall be

disqualified to sit as justices ot such
court with respect to all proceedings
therein concerning such person and
the supreme court for such purposes
shall be composed of a panel consist-
ing of the seven chief judges of the
judicial circuits of the state of Flor-
ida most senior in tenure of judicial
office as circuit Judge. For purposes
of determining seniority of such cir-
cuit judges in the event there be
Judges of equal tenure in judicial of-
fice as circuit judge the judge or
judges from the lower numbered cir-
cuit or circuits shall be deemed sen-
ior. In the event any such chief cir-
cuit judge is under investigation by
the judicial qualifications commis-
sion or Is otherwise disqualified or
unable to serve on the panel, the next
most senior chief circuit ludge or
judges shall serve in place of such
disqualified or disabled chief circuit
----S4++4-GUk.E--FO-Tw-SEGTGMi- .
--...4--he-lermn-olf-offlee-me-p es-
ent -nenmb ers-of-the-4udiko4l-queo4lie-
ofnts--- eapmmssien---shei4---e.tpre-.--o.
shell--be-ogr oekd-to-.ser-ve--the-4--
low n9--stoggeree-4ernms>

-ferfet-ter.-ln- ef Article V sh-A ll
expire en December -41-,-976
-bu-.4 *H- -4he-tems--ef-4t
memberse-eompcd of ono eloetor os-
set--fortp4h -s-.-te -G--of4-Artlle--Vr
one member of the-be-ef--F4elid-o-i
one -ircuit judge ond-ene--eOeuit
fudK a@ sat forth in s. 12(0---*-9f-
metle-----heel--ei.- oen December

members, composed of two electors
oE-t--oeFth-4t--s-. 124o1 () f Article
V-erne iudte frew 4hele diltrictewartl

-d-evotehe-4omentonmenfr tuio o8l9on
special election, hall take--efneet.
upon -approval by--4Iwe--eleCetorf--
SECTION 13. Prohibited activi-
ties.- All justices and Judges shall
devote full time to their judicial du-
ties. They shall not engage in the
practice of low or hold office in any
political party.
SECTION 14. Judicial salaries.-All
justices and judges shall be compen-
sated only by state salaries fixed by
general law. The Judiciary shall have
no power to flxoappropriations.

SECTION 15. Attorneys; admission
and discipline.-The supreme court
shall have exclusive jurisdiction, to
regulate the admission of persons to
the practice of law and the discipline
of persons admitted.

SECTION 16. Clerks of the circuit
courts.-There shall be in each coun-
ty a clerk of the circuit court who
shall be selected pursuant to the
provisions of Article VIII section 1.
Nevwithstnd no any -ether provision
o -the-eqhshu#I e F--The duties of the
clerk of the circuit court may be
divided by special or general law
between two officers, one serving.as
clerk of courtan order and opne
serving as ex officio clerc of the
beard of county commissioner.
auditor, reeernd"e, and custodian o0
all county funds. There lay be a
clerk of the county court If author-
ized by general or special law.
Schedule to Article V, Section 16.-
The revision to this section shall not
invalidate any plan for the division of
the clerk's duties which was adopted
prior to the effective dote of the
revised constitution.
SECTION 17--6tete District attor-
neys.-In each iudiclaFliTrc-uif o-setfe
d11trict attorney shall be elected for
otermof four years. He shall be the
prosecuting officer of all trial courts
in that circuit and shall perform
other duties prescribed by general
laow; provided, however, when auth-
orized by general low, the violations
of all municipal ordinances may be
prosecuted by municipal prosecu-
tors. A-state district attorney shall be
on elector of e state and reside in
the territorial iurisdictlon of the cir-
cuit. He shall be and have been a
member of the bar of Florida for the
preceding five years. He shall devote
full time to his duties, and he shall
not engage in the private practice of
law. flte District attorneys shall ap-
point such dss-sTant-statee district at-
torneys as may be authorlzed-b1baw.
SECTION 18. Public defenders.-ln
each Judicial circuit a public
defender shall be elected for a term
of four years. He shall perform du-
ties prescribed by general low. A
public defender shall be an elector of
the state and reside in the territorial
Jurisdiction of the circuit. He shall be
and hove been a member of the bar .
of Florida for the preceding five
years. Public defenders shall appoint
such assistant public defenders -as
may be authorized by law.
SECTION 19: Judicial officers as
conservators of the peoce.-AII
judicial officers in this state shall be
conservators of the peace.
SEC-TION--20. Schedule to Article
ao -emended,-whieh--shel-lthe*-seld-
Unless otherwise provided for In
this constitution, each court of this
state shall have the jurisdiction im-
mediately theretofore exercised by
it, and it shall determine fll proceld-
ings pending before it on the effective
date of this constitution. I.
tert- with-4he--previsienS-Of--this--er-
cle,-e oil -Pfovieons-of-4wW and rules of
eurt-in-feFree-on-the-e~eeflvedote of-
until superseded in the .onncr. auth
er4eed-bv,, Ie-CTs4 iett- --',
--- 4e-Atfer--4h9-erfele-beeemes'-ef-
iov- incenz'stont with--setns-o----
threou .14"i eor~ie.--
---4-0*--The-.suprMe- court shell ove-
the--4o4-sdietiew--immediately thc-c
tofeOe-eerFeised-4-4, o-ad it shoath do e,
terminc all isrocccdrss pc.-dingr
beroFe-R-n-4he- eWvve do-e o-this-


thn~ieti-cl cull;--ueearts.-,Jugee-eicout

1b-Eeh- lelo-ne vetn cms
mls5orle-sholu-bc composed of the tol

---,-T4h*ee---memb4ers opoirted by
the-ea4--ead-e-vernoro of The Flor-
ide-Bor-from-ome-g The rioridis Bor-
emees -who--ore- octi-ely ngoOled
in-the-1woe 6ee of law v:Ith offices
within t l.c torritor4ol jurisdiction, of
the af eeted eourt. district e- rellut-
-b-: Three elec4ers who -ra o in the-
territorial iu-isdiction of the court or
eieu#--oppined by the govcr-.er;
--.-Thrce elects-s who reside In the
te4Woal4ufisdietion-et4,he-eo t-or-
eireuleond-wthe-ore not members of
re- b--of--Rorido, selected end-p--
pointefd by a mlaierity vole tof the
elke six members ef the rommis-

(6) Ne lustlce o- ludge sholl be -o-
nrember of a judicial nominotir.g
ceo -mission. A member of a ludielel-
rmSnIair.g eemmiosien may held-
rublie office el.er thor. udlel-ef.-
flee. N Pnember shell be elilibla for
OP.inlmtMe t to stale judicial cfflee-se
le- as ke is a -ember of a ludicalt
nerl.ino tii o commisslo and for *
erliod of tvsh years thereafter. All
octs of a ludci namintinatncoammis-
sil' shell be made with a concur
rance of a malerity of Ito membors.
-44---The -membore of a iuielol-
neorminaeting eomrisol-is shoel-SG.er.
for -o term of four '/ears except the
terms of the initial members e#-he
iudiciaol nominating -cer.r.rlalens
shall eplre o as folle.,s;
a. The term of one memtcr of
eetMeerv-,-b-e an- ,in-subsioeaer
(Continued on Next Page)


(ci (S)..ret* shoH-aemirc on July I,-
-b, T"4 ter-i of one ieirber of
() S> ,reof-s-.all empire-o-di.-.4r
4461*f- '

--(4).4A. eagle-et-eoel the scpre-c
courl-mayi ail I. d' islcn' a'-m---be-
esfablWsieby-leel-.urie--eoreve'd .
heiw:o. 5ure ~It-
._.I-.I--A-.eunfv eur4-t--de- 'n.-e-o
Scouni-4teyvhon--a-pgop aon-e--410,i00
OF less acco-d:ns Io the-iexa-dece
nia4.eeasr-sfoni4- -be reulfed-4e
f be.4a-ember-ef4hetsor of-For4do- --
---4.f)-MuKic iPal-' -pfeecute W
proseute v:4l-lie8 -Of. mun-ipet-or-

IOUFe- O-ShOll-no1-inc.C le- on-ve-.iudle
oss[gned4 o>i-ono-eawu4
..--.(4.iWen-4hIr--ortkc4e. ec-me s-es-
.-.(4---A~ --eeu-l -at -e author-
ied,--exeepi -te--ovtded w s -
lon-4d4-44)-of-4n, iaeto-haoll-C-eose-
le-e.lsl-and-4fieg,4dtbn4e-4-enc iude-
et--pendng---ese- aend- .fenr e e -
pror-.--erd.aRe--td --ldeaemens sbt
vesl In tk. cou-1 IfrOt-w.iould ve-ur-
sdileon-a0l+hea-eea e-N-hweoref 4-
tIluled-A,- .eeeeeds -4- e eo9rOf4t.Y-
hled--bweou abelilr.ed r.c-ebv '-.oll
be-trAenseerd- le Ithe -c o(tice-o4-
Ihe-.oeiWOe- e-eeuf-I undef-wib e-o-

ond -rllhet-w elgte-4iler- w eef-oM ,
tloe-44- (81 hereof, S-.lo. become 00
dilioa-31 ludtsiaf It c4ewdlc-el -l.-o'
eoer--o -he-eunliees of 4 -h me Seesp-

live-.else o-utWean*h-tlleF-ve -cri'el
o-:d .hall be cl:s:bIe-4lr-.'tee4B--o*.
OiMout- -ifud i-s HwAoftler-n..These
eowr-ar df---#wl- -aif--o --ee .Fd eI-
Dade- eunl,--e4TR-rlin -oi c-W IS-el-
reee rd, H ee-elonv- Alee Uce -L-een d.VoliSo-C4ee tner
t e--eeows--e---reeerd Brcva-d, ECca-rbser-". 44botoueta
.Lee, Manotec oanfa-Serosote-euntiesr
the civil or.d criminal court of record
Sof Pinrelaes County and' ou-.ty
ludgei'-eourls -nd separate iuver.il.,
courts in counties having e po ulo
tilon-#ln.ceos el 10G00-eeerdlnre-4 -
tive date of this article, there shaet-be
arn dditional-nu-r.bc of positiors of
circuit. luds es eual to the number of
exiting circuit iuds.s Mnd----4he
o. n ere--idges--- f-4e-o-Bove
S.namod-epurts whose tErr explres--inf
R73. Election' to sueh-efleese-she"
tloe--eploe--e-the same time and
me-er, os eiecto-,s to--e her--sate-
iudi el-ofiees-in 1972 o-.d the terms
of such offices shall be- oe--terwmi-e
slxhyear:sne-oeeedure.- rsueat-
to-setlor -ni e--fI-t F his---licer-4her
Snumbe of circuit iudgcs presently
Sexs4ftlfo d-reaeed-yi-uts-subee-
on-shelhnt ee-be-henied.
=---f -ewt*eCount%.e hovin9-a-eopvie-
Hon-o less4 han -O0QOO --ec t -intge
mor;.than--ane county ludge on-4he
edet -the-tptio-eif-fes- reftiee,
the-e.s--be4he--seme--ne-ber-- e-v
iudo -essistoe-eou--eaternel--o-4herO--
ore 'cur.tv judges cKisting--en--4et-
datei~ur.lces changed pursuont-4e-sec-
tion 9 rof this rticlc.
S-(4 Munico-eelHu' shll -ontinue-
wit .:eif,-sme-.f--ne-4tSi tchio-cCti-
.' aendcd or tcrminoted-n-e- mon
S or .ordnipncct, or- until -,anue- -

n W dfrohicrred c ecnl -hl Iow .
exist. :Judges-of---n ipa4--eeurts
shall remain in office -and -be- suiet-
.t-reappo itmcnt or rcclection in the
menner-reseoe-ibed-ly-ulew-untll sid
courts: ore tcrmified--puw-suont--4e-
the--iovsions--of---- s---subseetlen-
atlec -o obese) -in-oereeo f-eee-w-th
'the-FaVwtien s-o this subsection, the
udeeahweref-whe--ee- no -meambefs
ofhi- t4.er-e-F4or-iar-helI9be-elgibee-
eartewl-et-rheir--respe ive.-eauntes-.
--4i-)-Jud eese--El etdinO-.ete ive -otf oe-
i6i-sUothe- eeur4t-ebsThe6-4wshir-
l -neluodnrr-- udges- esoblure,-t he
pufisunt-- e-Ar4-le-V--VH4--set4ot--
IRo-f4- t-ef h--C-enes1tut--oft-488S
shRoi-ser-ve-o-es-it ges--of--the--eow 4v
e eeurt'~ekP4ee--emoer -of-he--fr
fo--wich the/ were elected. tUniless
erected pursuant to section 9, of this-
Artflele--sui-'h ,il-ofifck-e-s-heo-Hnet-
ceotnue- to-exset#-ttereoflef--
,--:.- i-M- o reh-,-49;2rt -e-s supreme
eo.eewt-shf -W-eer-tifv-4 no-d-ne for-a-ddi-
tiOnei-e+fr ond-oeeutyy--iixdgex.--T-he-
leeitofrure-in-4he-92-rFegulor- session
mabw4vv--enero1-4awEefe -ddtional-R
ofifiee-&of4udge -the -'erfmFs--of -vhick-
shall fbcsi. on the effeev--de-te-f-
ht .tM-a n teh.-eiections-.to-suh-eies-
shal-a-keie pieoe-ot-the-sa me-m le-oen-
mnBceIc--os--eleet on to other slate
aiudCl eiefftices sn -1472
-(--C-enti -iudsc:s of existing--eovoF-
oe--neo---memi ers-e4-ber--ef--F-ieridae
shall-be-eqtgible-4o-- seek-eeleR--as.
eeenftv-6ur-4 udgoes-eof-their-fespe-
by--ft his--eotieie-heH--be-c-me-er--.be.
elisbolc t' bcco-r.c a--idge-ot-the-eir-
evwii-eouow -- unless- -he- --Aes-- been--.
eaur-i ab6lhed -by--this-er4-le-shtl-
f' -ob-ihes-.d-o.-e-the-effec4ve- date
s.se#)-;he.-ie"e -ot- n.-erfa-Psecuttn-e-otnette ---he4-S et.-

ab P anc-'prosecuting--otFfloeyshe-sladig-

-ffxes-upon-Mhe ec44ve-dele-efs
S os---ssi5o'--stlate--oofrneys--er--4the-
S circuits-in--which--ther- -.eanftles--ore-
situate. for the emindr-ef--4heir-
th" --hi.t---ree d ----immedieteo -
bete-efhe-effectiVc dote _f thiS--orfi-
-(*e+--.-4MTEO-D. GPEQA-TJON..-r---
seaut4 ludgcs of the d'strie+4-eeur4s-e-
shall retain their offices for the.
All- members-o-ft he-bXeiaIl-quel44i.e-
tiaeemn- n-n-o- ce-en-4he-
e#ffcti-deoe of--411s-oe4iti4e-sheol.-re-
S lotin-their-offticos for the fcmainder-et-
thc'r rc"spLctive terms-Eeeh-stte a-
o4 f -eftf4.le.-sheill O- i-te.is-eoff ice.
for the remainder of his term-.
N-ewo iuice-or-Aud9e-holdin -o4-
f ee-immedotecl'/ after this article-
beem c3s eoff-ctivc .ho-he'd-iudic4el-
to--feiren -'-from- -udteio ---offiee.
because of csc pursuont-4e.-sectien-8.
-- ---Un "tl-o-thorwise provided---by-
low> the no-ludicial duties reoui-od
ef-uty-tudees-sholl be performed
by-the iudycs of the county court-.
'te-caones 861-g81,os-eeamendefd,
not embroccd herein w'hich--ewe--Ret-
Ineonslstent .Ith this revslew--sies4-
ton*-r-epeol-aes-ere-othecr stotutce.
--h-I--Tho roeuiromcnts of soction-44-
relolve-to all county court-ludge-or-
onyudgee.-f--a-mualeiv--e eur4---whO
eontlnues--o--held-o fice-"ursuent-4e.
su 1eeee )--4-01-1sef-belo RVeom-
ponsatad by slate solor-iee--shoal--nel-
ofhor/.jsc provided by gcnorol-low.
SCHEDUL.E 4TEMS-. The--leglslature
shall hove pow'oer,- b- co-current re
any subocction of this section 20-4n-
events- to w;eh-the-subeeocan-te--be
hove occurred, & Iceisotit c dcter-
6 minotin,.of- foe#-medie-os..-besleaier.
subioct to ludiclo4-revlew-.
o`lseck-- -M,,-----o, E-er-n---Strndga

.SECTION 1. Regulation of elec-
tions- All elections by the people
shall be by direct and secret vote at
places accessible to the public. Gen-
eral elections shall be determined by

a plurality of votes cost. Registration
and elections shall, and political par-
ty functions may, be regulated by
SECTION 2. Electors. Every--c.t
tier of the United States .vho is at
Ieast t-,onty ene years of aoe oa03l
wke has been i pormone-.t reoldert
for one yea- IP t:1 stateO and six
months In a emuntV, if registered as
provlded,-by low. 3hall be on elector-
of-holt--county. Provisl:os may be
made by to- for ether bane fide reel
dents of the stote vy. are at least
victy one years of aiO to vote in the
election of preslde-tlal electors. Any
citizen 9f the United States eighteen
years of age or older who complies
with the registra and-residenc
requirements provided by law shall
be an elector.
SECTION 3. Oath.-Each eligible
citizen upon registering shall sub-
scribe the following: "1 do solemnly
swear (or affirm) that I will protect
and defend the Constitution Of the
United States and the Constitution of
t State of Florida, and that I am
qualified to register as on elector
under the constitution and laws of the
State of Florida."
SECTION 4. Disqualifications.-No
person while incarcerated on parole,
gr n orgblon, s o result of having
~ben Iadludlcfn guilty of convad
Selony, shall be ualied to vote
oLf rod Iff, fgr shall a person eo
adiudicOteon II or any other state
to be mentally Incomptent. -heall- be
qualified to vote or hold office until
adjudicated competent, In a nnf
. provided by law-Festarai' f-fcSvI
r -ier--reova4-of-derI
SECTION 5. General and special
elections.-A general election shot
be held in each county on the firs
Tuesday after the first Monday it
November of each even-numbereo
year to choose a successor to each-
elective state and county officer
whose term will expire before the
next general election and, except as
provided herein, to fill each vacancy
in elective Office for the unexpired
portion of the term. Special elections
and referenda shall be held as
provided by low.
SECTION 6. Municipal and district
elections.-Registration and elections
in municipalities shall, and in other
governmental entities created by sta-
tute may, be provided by law.

SECTION 1. Counties.-
The state shall be divided by law into
political subdivisions called counties.
Counties may be created, abolished
or changed by law, with provision for
payment or apportionment of the
public debt.
(b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care,
custody and method of disbursing
county funds shall be provided by
general low.
(c)' GO"ERNMENT. Pursuant to
general or special low, a county
government may be established by
charter which shall be adopted,
amended or repealed only upon vote
of the electors of the county in a
special election called for that pur-
shall be elected by the electors of
each county, for terms of four years,
a sheriff, a tax collector, a property
appraiser, a supervisor of elections,
and a clerk pf the circuit court; ex-
cept, when provided by county
charter or special low approved by
vote of the electors of the county, any
county officer may be chosen In
another manner therein specified, or
any county office may be abolished
when all the duties of the office pre-
scribed by general law are trans-
ferred to another office. When not
otherwise provided by county
charter or special law approved by,
vote of the electors, the clerk of the
circuit court shall be ex officio clerk
of the board of county commis-
sioners, auditor, recorder and cus-
todian of all county funds. TheA ityles
of the clerk of the circuit court my.
be divided as provided in Article V,
section 16.
when otherwise provided by county
charter, the governing body of each
county shall be a board of county
commissioners composed of five
members serving staggered terms of
four years. After each decennial cen-
sus the board of county commis-
sioners shall divide the county into
districts of contiguous territory as
nearly equal in population as prac-
ticable, and prigr to such division,
the electors shall determine under a
procedure prescribed by low
whether commissioners shell be
elected county-wide or from districts
which ore single-member or o-acm-
binotion thereof, except in counties
-SchedUle to ,Article Vii. Secti, n
1.-The election to determine the
type of districting under Article VIII,
s. (e) shall be held during the gen-
eral election November 1980, and
each 10 years thereafter unless
otherwise provided by law. One-eem-
m;sieone*--rcsiding in ch distr-iet-
sheH-be-eleeted-b-thoe electors of the
MENT. Counties not operating under
county charters shall have such
power of self-government as is
provided by general or special law.
The board of county commissioners
of a county not operating under a
charter may enact, in a manner pre-
scribed by general law, county ordin-
ances not inconsistent with general
or special Jaw, but on ordinance in
conflict with a municipal ordinance
shall not be effective within the mun-
icipality to the extent of such conflict.
Counties operating under county
charters shall have all powers of
local self-government not inconsis-
tent with general law, or with special
law approved by vote of the electors.
The governing body of a county oper-
ating under a charter may enact
county ordinances not inconsistent
with general low. The charter shall
provide which shall 'prevail in the
event of conflict between county and
municipal ordinances. *
Property situate within municipali-
ties shall not be subject to taxation
for services rendered by the county
ex4usive4v- for the benefit of the
property or residents in unincorpor-
ated areas, when such services are
of no real anadsusnTa--l beneit-To
property -or residents within the mun-
county ordinance shall be filed with
the secretary of state and shall
become effective at such time there-
after as is provided by general law.
Persons violating county ordinances
shall be prosecuted and punished as
provided by low.
(k) COUNTY SEAT. In every coun-
ty there shall be a county seat at
which shall be located the principal
offices and permanent records of all
county officers. The county seat may
not be moved except as provided by
general law. Branch offices for the
conduct of county business may be
established elsewhere in the county
by resolution of. the governing body
of the county in the manner pre-
scribed by low. No instrument shall
be deemed recorded in the county
until filed at the county seat accord-
ing to law.
SECTION 2. Municipalities.-
cipalities may be established or
abolished and their charters
amended pursuant to general or
special law. When any municipality
is abolished, provision shall be made
for the protection of its creditors.
(b) POWERS. Municipalities shall
have governmental, corporate and
proprietary powers to enable them to
conduct municipal government, per-
form municipal functions and render
municipal services, and may exer-
cise any power for municipal pur-
poses except as otherwise provided
by law. Each municipal legislative
body shall be elective.
(c) ANNEXATION. Municipal on-

nexotion of unincorporated territory,
merger of municipalities, and exer-
cise of extra-territorial powers by
municipalities shall be as provided
by general or special law.

SECTION 3. Consolidation.-The
government of a county and the
government of one or more muni-
cipalities located therein may be con-
solidated into a single government
which may exercise any and all
powers of the county and the several
municipalities. The consolidation
plan may be proposed only by
special low, which shall become ef-
fective if approved by vote of the
electors of the county, or of the coun-
ty and municipalities affected, as
may be provided in the plan. Con-
solidation shall not extend the terri-
torial scope of taxation for the
payment, of pre-existing debt except
to areas whose residents receive a
benefit from the facility or service
for which the indebtedness was in-
---SE- T-"---4A-r-Tfefsfer--ef--.pwer.
eoee4-4ee----bi---eoeh--e ---4--e-
er- Powei--f--eeunty,-muni(-ioltv-or-
speeieFl-ie4tr-iel--mey--be-4 erra-4a-te 4
of--- ontreeted-4o be performed by
speel aI--d4sfrih---ete--Oapprov4---bv-
vote of the electors of the-4mnoferor-
ond-opwovei-by-votc of the electors
e#--44e--4fonser-ee7--er as othervisc
SECTION 44. Local option.-Local
option on the legality or prohibition of
the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines
or beers shall be preserved to each

county. The status of a county with
respect thereto shall be changed only
by vote of the electors in a special
election called upon the petition of
twenty-five per cent of the electors of
the county, and not sooner than two
years after an earlier election on the
same question. Where legal, the sale
of Intoxicating liquors, wines and
beers shall be regulated by law.
Schedule to Article VI I I.-
--.) ThIs article shall replace oil of
Article V411i f the -e4s1C4 vN--ef-
IS.. G Op-ended, exNct thesee--
lions expressly retained o-d nr.-ee a-
part of this article by refcrc0Nce,
TRICTS. The status of the following
-.items as they exist on the date of this
article becomes effective is recog.
nized and shall be continued until
changed in accordance with low: the
counties of the state; their status
with respect to the legality of the sole
of intoxicating liquors, wines and
beers; the method of selection of
county officers; the performance of
municipal functions by county of-
ficeris; the county "seats;. and the
municipalities and special districts of
the state, their powers, jurisdiction
and government.
UE IN OFFICE. Every person hold-
ing office when this article becomes
effective shall continue in office for
the remainder of the term if that of-
fice is not abolished. If the office is
abolished the incumbent shall be
paid adequate compensation, to be
fixed by law, for the loss of
emoluments for the remainder of the
S() i ORDINANCES. Local laws-
relating only to unincorporated areas
a county on the effective date of
I. Is article may be amended or
,epeoled by county ordinance.
SI Consolidton anon home ru
S on ntoned In the an
v68c ntltutilns, aO amnded, an
h rt a planF o0te puruant
rh0u 0 d nre f onthe cate f
o doptin.ofh.fJ _I ding I Il
amendments finn~l j E Lremgin n
full force and elfS t1inilTO fcte
county or munl ex
adopts a new c harer hoe rule
plan pursuant to this ornate.
-+--<-GON6_-4GA-iGN- AND4HOME-
on--24,.of the Constitutle- ofel 188S6,-os-
os.4#-.4 .r4ieok4e-*d-4ot-bee-ei--AeO-
edr-unfti-thef.-eounty shall expressly
adept-a- c-h-ter or hnme rule plan
ptW5e-t4 --thies-eMete.-Ati- P FO--
slen- e-the-MetrepeO4en4ead4oGete-
ty-Heme Rule Chor4er-hetretfolfe-or-
hc-oaftcr adopted by the electors-el-
ijooee~unt-pm ti,r Cny T V444-li

setecd-14,-o -the-GoeMl4iutlen of-4188r
os- ar-c-ded, shall .be-valid, end any
onme.dments tte such-el etf-ho 1-be-

volia, peviaca mtha tne solO previ
eln.of,4-sueh-- orter and the 3old
onre,"dmnts tIe-ete ore outhor4ee-
under sold- A fele-V44+,-Seeltion -14,-*
TIES. To the extent not inconsistent
with the powers of existing muni-
cipalities or general law, the Met-
ropolitan Government of Dade Coun-
ty may exercise all the powers con-
ferred now or hereafter by general
low upon municipalities.
---Ge-.--9-E-T4GN-O F OBSOLETE
6GH4IBUE ITEMS. The loislatureF
3kll hove paY -r, by loint rcaolutior,
toe-deetfe-frofm-this-orticIc any sub
seetiof--e--this Scetion 6, including
this--subsectien, when oil events te
whieh the subsectlen te be deleted is
Se Semped.-A leglelatve determination of
feot-oade-os-a basts for colicottion
of this subsectie. shall be sublet to
[Note.-The following provisions
of the Constitution of 1885, as amend-
ed and incorporated in the 1968 Con-
stitution, have not been changed or
revised by the 1977-78' Constitution
Revision Commission. To reduce
printing costs, these provisions have
not been published in this document.
The text of these provisions con be
found in the 1968 Constitution.
AMENDED (Legislative power over
city of Jacksonville and Duval Coun-
AMENDED (Legislative power over
city of Key West and Monroe Coun-
AMENDED (Dode County, home
rule 'chtrterl

AMENDED (Hillsbor
home rule charter).]


loture-she -ne-4ete--
tio--of--the-- UnIted- S
moitrty---of the mec
have beon clected-olel

rough County,

eondmonts to
aotcs unless a
tbers thereof

SECTION 14-. MIltio.-
(a) The militia shall be composed
of all able bodied Inhabitants of the
state who are or hove declared their
intention to become citizens, of the
United States; and no person
because of religious creed or opinion
shall be exempted from military duty
except upon conditions provided by
(b) The organizing, equipping,
housing, maintaining and disciplining
of the militia, and the safekeeping of
public arms may be provided for by
(c) The governor shall appoint all
commissioned officers of the militia,
including an adiutant general who
shall be chief of staff. The appoint-
ment of all gent of al general officers shl officers shall be
subject to confirmation by the sen-
(d) The qualifications of personnel
and officers of the federally recog-
nized notional guard, includicluding the
adjutant general, and the grounds
and proceedings for their discipline
and removal shall conform to the ap-
propriate United States army or air
force regulations and usages.
SECTION 2-4. Vacancy in of-
fice.-Vaconcy in office shall occur
upon the creation of an office, upon
the death of the incumbent or his
removal from office, resignation,
succession to another office, unex-
plained absence for sixty consecutive
days, or failure to maintain the re-
sidence required when elected or op-
pointed, and upon failure of one elect-
ed or appointed to office to qualify
within thirty days from the com-
mencement of the term.
SECTION 3-4. Homestead; forced
sale exemptions; restraints on devse
ond alienation.-
(a) There shall be exempt from
forced sale under process of any
court, and no judgment, decree or
execution shall be a lien thereon, ex-
cept for the payment of taxes and as-
sessments thereon, obligations con-
tracted for the purchase, im-
provement or repair thereof, or ob,
ligations contracted for house, field
or other labor performed on the real-
ty, the following property owned by
the-heod-of-a-bomv aonynafturgaL.per-
Il A- homestead, If ecoted outside
o--m incpaiy, to the extent of one
hundred sixty acres of contiguous
land and improvements thereon, the
acreage of which is used for agricul-
tural purposes; or which-shell-not-be
rduced-m-wthout-4..e-ewner: ea.eense-#
by reason -eo subseoucnt-i4Ieluson-4-
mun4ctiality, o homesteadg to the ex-
tent of one-h tf- acre of contiguous
fond, and-A uooroueonts thereon.
upon whchth4e exeemp ion sia_ fbe
limited to the residence of the owner
or his family.; A homestead as used
in this subsectioni-Trnjds- a --mobWe
or modular home maintained as the
residence of the owner-or his family;
(2) personal property to the value
of one three thousand dollars.
(b) Tihese exemptions shall inure
to the surviving spouse or heirs of
the owner.
(c) The homestead shall not be
subject to devise if the owner is sur:
vived by spouse or minor child, ex-
cept the homestead may be devised
to the owner's spouse if there be no
minor child. The owner of homestead
real estate, iolned by the spouse if
married, may alienate the home-
stead by mortgage, sole or gift and,
if married, may be deed transfer the
title to an estate by the entirety with
the spouse. if the owner or spouse is
incompetent, the method of alienation
or encumbrance shall be as provided
by law.

SECTION 4-S. Coverture and
property.-There shall be no distinc-
tion between married women and
married men in the holding, control,
disposition, or encumbering of their
property, both real and personals.
except- tot-dwer--or-.eur-eey-mny-b-
esetb4ished- nd-r-e"uoted.,by-low.
SECTION +. Eminent domain.-
(a) No private property shall be
token except for a public purpose
and with full compensation therefore
paid to each owner or secured by
deposit in the registry of the court
and available to the owner
(b) Provision may be made by law
for the taking of easements, by like
proceedings, for the drainage of the
land of one person over or through
the land of another.
SECTION 6-7, Lotteries.-Lotter-
ies, other than the types of pori-mu-
tuel pools authorized by law as of the
effective date of this constitution, are
hereby prohibited in this state.

SECTION 7. Census.-
(o) Each Secennial census of the
state taken by the United States shall
be an official census of the state.
(b) Each decennial census, for the
purpose of classifications based upon
population, shall become effective on
the thirtieth day after the final ad-
iournment of the regular session of
the legislature convened next after
certification of the census.
SECTION -9-. Repeal of criminal
stotutes.-Repeal or amendment of a
criminal statute shall not affect pro-
secution or punishment for any
crime previously committed.
SECTION 9-10. Felony; defini-
tion.-The tirm "felony" as used
herein and in the laws of this state
shall mean any criminal offense that
is punishable under the laws of this
state, or that would be punishable if
committed in this state, by death or
by imprisonment in the state peniten-
SECTION 10 h44- Sovereignty
lands.-The fitle to lands under
navigable waters, within the' bound-,
aries of the state, which have not
been alienated, including beaches
below mean high water lines, is held
by the state/ by virtue of its sover-
eignty, in trust for all the people. Sole
of such lands may be authorized by
law, but only when in the public in-
terest. Private use of portions of such
lands may be authorized by low, but
only when not contrary to the public
SECTION 11 42 Rules of construc-
tion.-Unless qualified in the text the
following rules of construction shall
apply to this constitution.
(a) "Herein' refers to the entire
(bi The singular includes the
(c) The masculine includes the
(d) "Vote of the electors" means
the vote of the majority of a tse It-
ing on the matter in an eles0l, 1 h-
eral or special, in which fite 'V
ticlpoating ore limited to th 'c ;,?s
of the governmental unit r f to
In the text.
(e) Vote or other action of i is-.
lotlve house or other over mlI
body means the vote or act. i a
malorlty or other specified p an-
tage of those members voting a, the
matter. "Of the membership" means
"of all members thereof."
(fM-The -iefms -v'iudicialo--efficeV'
us+kce" -and ".Judges' sholWnet4n--
c4de-.ud.es--of-- eouk4s--estelishe
selely- for-4te--4oi-of-Aioleitns-of-or-
(f)-4) "Special law" means a
special or local low.
W) 44.) Titles and substitles shall
not be used in construction.
SECTION 12 49-- Suits--agoainst- the
general--low for bringing sugt-ogoinest
Ins---o---- herafer---erOjinAing,--- No
4"T-- P
sovereign immunity-in contract or i
tort.-The doctrine of overeign im-
munity shall not be applicable in this
state in contract or in ort for person-
al injury, wrongful death or property
oamoge. Punitive damages shall not
be recoverable against the state,
counties,school districts, muncipahli-
ties, special districts or any of their
SECTION 13 14-Stete- Retirement
systems benefit changes.-A govern-
mental unit responsible for any re-
tirement or pension system support-
ed in whole or in part by public funds
shall not ofter---JonuoFy--),--1977,
provide any increase in the benefits
to the members or beneficiaries of
such system unless such unit has
mode or concurrently makes provi-
sion for the funding of such 4he in-
crease in-benefito on a sound actuar-
ial basis whih hgs ern determined
as provide y law.
SECTION 14. State compensation
commission.-There shall be a state
compensation commission composed
of a number of members equ l to the
number of congressional districts in
the state. One member shall reride in
each congressional district but none
may be elected pubic officers or em-
ployees of constitutional officers, The
members of the coinmission sh9ll be
appointed by the governor and con-
fhairmed by the senate. The members
shal slect one f their number to
choir the commission. Every two
years the commission shall recom-
mend the compensation of all officers
provided for in this constitution in the
manner provided by low.

SECTION 1. Proposal by legislo-
ture.-Amendment of o section or
revision of one or more articles, or
the whole, of this constitution may be
proposed by joint resolution agreed
to by three-.fifths. of .the membership
of each house. of the' legislature.' Tihe.
full text of the joint resolution and the
vote of each member voting shall be
entered on the journal of each house.
SECTION 3. Initiative.-The power
to propose the revision or amend-
ment of any portion or portions of
this constitution by initiative is re-
served to the people, provided that,
any such revision or amendment
shall embrace but one subject and
matter directly connected therewith.
It may be invoked by filing with the
secretary of state o-pcitlon-eent-
ine a copy of the proposed revision
or amendment, and within two nyers
of such filing a pe-tfon- srsnedby a
number of electors in each of one
half of the congressional districts of
the state, and of the state as a whole,
equal to eight percent of the votes
cast in each of such districts respec-
tively and in the state as a whole in
the lost preceding election in which
presidential electors were chosen.
SECTION 4. Constitutional onal conven-
(a) The power to coll o convention
to consider a revision of the entire
constitution is reserved to the people.
It may be invoked by filing with the
secretary of state a petition, contain-
ing a declaration that a constitutional
convention is desired, signed by a
number of electors in each of one
half of the congressional districts of
the state, and of the state as a whole,
equal to fifteen per cent of the votes
cast in each such district respective-
ly and in the state as o whole in the
lost preceding election of presidential
(b) At the next general election
held more than ninety days after the
filing of such petition there shall be
submitted to the electors of the state
the question: "Shall o constitutional
convention be held?" If a majority
voting on the question votes in the af-
firmative, at the next succeeding
general election there shall be elect-
ed from each representative district
a member of a constitutional conven-
tion. On the twenty-first day following
that election, the convention shall sit
at the capital, elect officers, adopt
rules of procedure, iudge the election \
of Its membership, and fix a time and
place for its future meetings. Not
later than ninety days before the
next succeeding general election, the
convention shall cause to be filed
with the secretary of state any revi-
sion of this constitution proposed by
SECTION 5. Amendment or revi-
sion election.- ,
(o) A proposed amendment 'to or
revision of this constitution, or any
part of itf. shall be submitted to the
electors at the next general election
held more than ninety days after the
ioint resolution, initiative petition'or
report of revision commission or con-
stitutional convention proposing it is
tiled with the secretary of state, un-
less, pursuant to law enacted by the
affirmative vote of three-fourths of
the membership of each house of the
legislature and limited to a single
amendment or revision, it is submit-
ted at on earlier special election held
more than ninety days after such fil-
(b) Prior to being submitted to the
electors, a proposed amendment or
revision shall be publicized in one or
both of the following ways:
(1) At least two weeks prior to the
week in which the election is held,
the full text of the amendment or
revision, together with the or-
g..nT PntI fnr lnn ognnst it ',hnll np
matiNe to eac oadress n thLe stole at
which a registered voter resides.
12) tb) Once in the tenth week.
and once in the sixth week immedi-
ately preceding the week in which
the election Is held, the proposed
amendment or revision, with notice
of the date of election at which it will
be submitted to the electors, shall be
published in one newspaper of gener-
ol circulation in each county in which
o newspaper is published.
(c) If the proposed amendment or
revision is approved by vote of the
electors, it shall be effective as an
amendment to or revision ofat the con-
stitution of the staole on the first Tues-
day after the first Monday in Jan-
uary *o'lowing the election, or on
such other date as may be specified
in the amendment or revision.
(dl) If conflicting amendments to or
rpytin of this rnntittiiion ore sub-
milttPi n thp eiprtor. nn0 ore po-
(rcyrd ,i tv hem at l-nc sme elfr-
the, trinp mendmn or re.viimn
_lit tn e nfi v e nuihr a
Io hperxt:nf n srsue rnn-
(el The question whether two or
more amendments or revisions are
in conflict shall be directly review-
able in an expedited proceeding
before the supreme court.
(4) Subsections (d and (e) hereof
shell become effective immediately
on the date this constitution is adopt-
ed. It shall apply to conflicting
amendments and revisions adopted
simultaneously at the 1978 general

SECTION 1. Purpose of schedule.-
This schedule is designed to effect
the orderly fronsition of government
from the constitution at 168. as
amended, to this revision.
SECTION 2, Cqnstitutions of 1885
and 1968 superseded.-The Cgnt itu-
tions of Florida d0 Ped i 1885I nd
1968 ore superseded by this revision
except those sections expressly re-
ained and mode a port of ths revi-
sion by reference.
speriheded --Artiles ---l4hrough- IV.
V4I,-andt-I-throus- .--XX--e- onst4i-

---... -T-G N--2-.-Pr-per4y-t-oees+-m;- --
oes----T-ex-R l4g---e-ulfhoarzed----.4n
distiic*sr on the dote th:s revision-.
unW -r-educd-4-4ew.
SECTION 3. Upon the adoption of
this revised constitution, and prior to
promulgation and publication, the
secretary of state shall transfer and
consolidate oil schedule provisions
contained herein to this article and
renumber accordingly.
SECTION 4-(3). Officers to con-'
tinue in office.-Every person hold-
ing office when this revision becomes
effective shall continue in office for

the remainder of the term if that of-
fice is not abolished. If the office is
abolished the incumbent shall be
paid adequate compensation, to be
fixed by law, for the loss of
emoluments for the remainder of the
o4-publlo-tne rotloi-In-.eIcen--lh-
effeleve--dete--4hl--fevtoIen-.t M4-
become, and -4t@Wf* nl--4he-

puWM- seuet4-l-e---eoeek-- o ;
sheo4-.become--en .-4o.-4he. emetnedr,
' of-the-term-bein e-served,-sholt-be.the
--- 4-T--The- ethod-of-seleet4on-of-4he-
stfuoatoniof -ee-h-eeo.yu,-o,-pr-evided-
seho-o -.unW----elhoged as- heroin
SECTION 5 -4 Lows preserved.-
o-) All lows in effect upon the
adoption of this revision, to the extent
not inconsistent with it, shall remain
in force until they expire by their
terms or are repealed.
---4b--AI--steotutes--wh ch,--under---lhe-
eenestMutien-of-4885,- a: amended, ap
pubt4c---str-ucl thne-onst--hase--whlWci-
oPP--4el--the--couoh '-superontondenlt-e.
pub; .---insl-uej n---sshoI---uinder--t-his-
stle- emmi"sioner-ef-educetien-ond.
SECTION 6-7-. Rights reserved.-
(a) All actions, rights of action,
claims, contracts and obligations of
individuals, corporations and public
bodies or agencies existing on the
date this revision becomes effective
shall continue to be valid as if this
revision had not been adopted. All
taxes, penalties, fines and forfeitures
owing .to the state under the Constitu-
t ?fn l ofs185ta asO1enc ,
sna nureMto ePateusnoe
revision, and all sentences as punish-
ment for crime shall be executed ac-
cording to their terms.,
(b) This revision shall not be retro-
active so as to create any right or
liability which did not exist under the
Constltutiont_ of 1885 and_ 1.98, as
amended, based upon maters occur-
ring prior to the adoption of this revi-
SECTION 7-8-. Public debts recog-
nized.-All -'bonds, revenue cer-
tificates, revenue bonds and tax an-
ticipation certificates Issued pur-
suant to the Constitutions of 1885 and
1968. as amended by the state, any
agency, political subdivision or pub-
lic corporation of the state shall
remain in full force and effect and
shall be secured by the same sources
of revenue as before the adoption of
this revision, and, to the extent
necessary to effectuate this section,
the applicable provisions of the Con-
stitution of 1885 ast .1968, as amend-
ed, ore retained as o port of this
revision until payment in full of these
public securities.. .
SECTION 8. Special district taxes.
--A valorem taxing pwer vestd
by law in spiol districts xisling
when this revision becomes effective
shall notbeo abrogated by section 9
(b) of Article Vii herein but such
powers, except to the extent neces-
sary to pay outstanding debts, may
be restricted or withdrawn by law.
SECTION 9. Bonds.-
(1) Article IX, Section 17, of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended, as
it existed immediately before this
Constitution, as revised in 1968,
became effective, is adopted by this
reference as a port of this revision as
completely as though incorporated
herein verbatim, except revenue
bonds, revenue certificates or other
evidences of indebtedness hereafter
issued thereunder may be issued by
the agency of the state so authorized
by law.
12) That portion of Article XII, Sec-
tion 9, Subsection (a) of this Constitu-
tion, as amended, which by reference
adopted Article XII, Section 19 of the
Constitution.of 1885, as amended, as
the same existed immediately before
the effective dote of this amendment
is adopted by this reference as part
of this revision as completely as
though incorporated herein verba-
tim, for the purpose of providing that
after the effective dote of this amend-
ment all of the proceeds of the reve-
nues derived from the gross receipts
taxes, as therein defined, collected in
each year shall be applied as provid-
ed therein to the extent necessary to
comply with all obligations to or for
thep benefit of holders of bonas or cer-
ifiicates issued before the effective
date of this amendment or any
refundings thereof which are secured
by such gross receipts taxes. No
bonds or other obligations may be is-
sued pursuant to the provisions of
Article XII, Section 19, of the consti-
tution of 1885, as amended, but this
provision shall not be construed to
prevent the refunding of any such
outstanding bonds or obligations pur-
suont to the provisions of this subsec-
tion 1o) (2).
Subject to the requirements of the
first paragraph of this subsection (o)
(2). beginning July 1, 1975, and for
fifty years thereafter, oil of the
proceeds of the revenues derived
from the gross receipts taxes coalet-
ted from every person, including
municipalities, as provided and
levied as of the time of adoption of
this subsection 1a) (21 in chapter 203,
Florida Stotutes, (hereinafter coiled
"gross receipts loxes"), shall, as col-
lected, be placed In a trust fund to be
known as the "public education capi-
tol outlay and debt service trust
fund" in the state treasury Iherein-
after referred to as "capital outlay
fund'), and used only as provided
The capital outlay fund shall be ad-
ministered by the state board of
education as created and constituted
by Section 2 of Article IX of the Con-
stitution of Florida as revised in 1968
(hereinafter referred to as "stole
board"), or by such other instrumen-
tality of the state which 'shall here-
after sui:ceed by low to the powers.
duties and functions of the stole
board, including the powers, duties
and functions of the state board
provided in this subsection (a) 12).
The state board shall be a boay cor-
porote,and shall hove all the powers
provided herein in addition to oil
other constitulional and statutory
powers related to the purposes of this
subsection (1) (2) heretofore or
hereafter conferred by low upon the
state board, or its predecessor creat-
ed by the Constitution of 1885, as
Slate bonds pledging the full faith
and credit of the state may be issued,
without a vote of the electors, by the
state board pursuant to low t0 fi-

nonce or refinance capital projects
theretofore authorized by the legisla-
ture, and any purposes appurtenant
or 'incidental thereto, for the state
system of public education provided
for in Section I of Article IX of this
Constitution (hereinafter referred to
as "state system"), including but not
limited to institutions of higher learn-
ing, junior colleges, vocational tech-
nical schools, or public schools, as
now defined or as may hereafter be
defined by low. All such bonds shall
mature not later than July 1, 2025. All
other details of' such bonds shall be
as provided by law or by the pro-
ceedings authorizing such bonds;
provided, however, that no bonds, ex-
cept refunding bonds, shall be issued,
and no proceeds shall be expended
for the cost of any capital prolect,
unless such project has been author-
ized by the legislature.
Bonas issued pursuant to this sub-
section (a) (2) shall be primarily
payable from such revenues derived
from gross receipts taxes, and shall
be additionally secured by the full
faith and credit of the stole. No such
bonds shall ever be issued in on
amount exceeding ninety percent of
the amount which the state board de-
termines con be serviced by the

THE STAR, Port St. Joe, Fla.

revenues derived from the gross
receipts taxes accruing thereafter
under the provisions of this subsec-
tion (a) (2), and such determination
shall be conclusive.
The moneys in the capital outlay
fund in each fiscal year shall be used
only for the following purposes and in
the following order of priority:
o. For the payment ol the principal
of and interest on any bonds matur-
ing in such fiscal year:
b. For the deposit into any reserve
funds provided for in the proceedings
authorizing the issuance of bonds of
any amounts required to be deposit-
ed in such reserve funds In such fis-
cal year:
c. For direct payment of the cost or
any port of the cost of any capital
prbiect for the state system there-
tofore authorized by the legislature,
or for the purchase or redemption of
outstanding bonds in accordance
with the provisions of the proceed-
ings which authorized the issuance of
such bonds.
enue bonds to finance the cost of
state capital projects issued prior to
the dote this revision becomes effec-
tive, including projects of the Florida
state turnpike authority or its succes-
sor but excluding all portions of the
state highway system, may be
refunded as provided by law without
vote of the electors at a lower net
overage net interest cost rote by the
issuance of bonds maturing not later
than the obligations refunded,
secured by the some revenues only
(1) A state tax, designated "second
gas tax," of two cents per gallon
upon gasoline and other like products
of petroleum and oan equivalent tax
upon other sources of energy used to
propel motor vehicles as levied by
Article IX, Section 16, of the constitu-
lion of 1885 as.jincrporgtdl by. rfer-
tnce It the contitution ot 1963, as
amneTO is hereby continued-for--o
Pfie l.-of--.foty.--cnsecutive--veesF
The proceeds of said tax shall be
placed monthly in the state rods dis-
tribut ion fund in the state treasury.
121 Arlic4e IX, Section 16, of the
Constitflion -* as amended, is
`plfed by tfh; re.irence as o part
S"thls rtisipn ms completely as
though i-;rporoted herein verbatim
for the purpott of revildine that
after the tffle.V8 d If fI ll revi-
sion the proCeC1." 0f "C'th gas
tax" as referred to lfIn Ihdi e
allocated among h h'Irl Coutlls
in accordance with fl formula stat-
ed therein to the eglfAt necessary to
comply with all oblOations to or for
the benefit of holders of bonds,
revenue certificates end tax anticipa-
tion certificates or any refundings
thereof secured by any portion of the
'second gas tax."
(3) No funds anticipated to be al-
located under the formula stated in
Article IX, Section 16, of the Constitu-
tion of 1885, as amended, shall be
pledged as security for any obliga-
tion hereafter issued or entered into,
except that any outstanding obliga-
tions previously issued pledging
revenues allocated under said Article
IX, Section 16, may be refunded at a
lower -eet average net interest cost
rate by the issuance of refunding
bonds, maturing not later than the
obligations refunded, secured by the
some revenues and any other securi-
ty authorized in paragraph (5) of this
(4) Subject to the requirements of
paragraph (2) of this subsection and
after payment of administrative ex-
penses, the "second gas taox" shall be
allocated to the account of each of
the several counties in the amounts
to be determined as follows: There
shall be an initial allocation of one-
fourth in the ratio of county area to
state area, one-fourth in the ratio of
the total county population to the to-
tal population of the state in accord-
ance with the latest available federal
census, and one-half in the ratio of
the total "second gas tax" collected
on retail soles or use in each county
to the total collected in oall counties of
the stale during the previous fiscal
year. If the annual debt service
requirements of any obligations is-
sued for any county, including any
deficiencies for prior years, secured
under paragraph (2) of this subsec-
tion, exceeds the amount which
would be allocated to that county
under the formula set out in this
paragraph, the amounts allocated to
other counties shall be reduced
(5) Funds allocated under para-
graphs (2) and (4) of this subsection
shall be administered by the slate
board of administration created
under said article IX, Section 16, of
the Constitution of 1885, as amended,
and which is continued as a body
corporate for the life of this subsec-
tion 9(c). The board shall remit the
proceeds of the' "second gas tax" in
each county account'for use in said
county as follows: eighty per cent to
the state agency supervising the
state road system and twenty per
cent to the governing body of the
county. The percentage allocated to
the county may be increased by gen-
eral low. The proceeds of the
"second gas tax" subject to alloca-
tion to the several counties utler this
paragraph (5) shall be used first, for
the payment of obligations pledging
revenues allocated pursuant to Arti-
cle IX, Section 16, of the Constitution
of 1885, as amended, and any refund-
ings thereof; second, for the
payment of debt service on bonds is-
sued as provided by this paragraph
(5) to finance the acquisition and
construction of roads as defined by
law; and third, for the acquisition,
maintenance and construction of
roods. When authorized by low, state
bonds pledging the full faith and
credit of the 'state may be issued
without any election: (i) to refund
obligations secured by any portion of
the "second gas tax" allocated to a
county under Article IX, Section 16,
of the Constitution of 1885, as amend-
ed: Ili) to finance the acquisition and
construction of rods in a county
when approved by the governing
body of the county and the state
agency supervising the state road
system: and (ill) to. refund obliga-
tions secured by any portion of the
"second gas tax" allocated under
paragraph 9(c) (4). No such bonds
shall be issued unless a state fiscal
agency created by low has made a
determInation that in no state fiscal
year will the debt service require-
ments of the bonds and aoil other
bonds secured by the pledged portion
of the "second gas tax" allocated to
the county exceed seventy-five per
cent of the pledged portion of the
"second gas tax" allocated to that
county for the preceding stole fiscal
year, of the pledged net tolls from
existing facilities collected in the
preceding statole fiscal year, and of
the annual average net tolls an-
ticipated during the first five state
fiscal years of operation of rnew
projects to be financed, andS of _ny
other legally available pleged .
revenues collected in the preceding
state fiscal year. Bonds issued pur-
suant to this subsection shall be
payable primarily from the pledged
tolls, on4-the pled esi portions of the
"second goastax- allocated to thaI
county, and ony" other pldg.d rven-
forty years fram the date of is-
i1) Article XlI, Section 9. subsec-
tion (d) of this constitution, as
amended, (which, by reference,
adopted Article XII. Section 18, of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended) as
the same existed immediately before
the effective dote of this amendment
is adopted by this reference as port
at this amendment as completely as
though incorporated herein verba-
tim, for the purpose of providing that
after the effective date of this amend-
ment the first proceeds of the rev-
enues derived from the licensing of
motor vehicles as referred to therein
shall be distributed annually among
the several counties in the ralio of
the number of instruction units In
each county, the some being caler-
minus with the school district of each
county as provided in Article IX, Sec-
tion 4, Subsection (a) of this constitu-
tion, in each year computed as
provided therein to the extent neces-
sary to comply with all obligations to
or for the benefit of holders of bonds
or motor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tiflicotes issued before the effective
dote of this amendment or any
relundings thereof which ore secured
by any portion of such revenues de-
rived from the licensing of motor
12) No funds anticipated to be dis-
tributed annually among the several
counties under the formula stated in
Article XII, Section 9. Subsection (d)
of this constitution, as amended, as
the some existed immediately before
the detective date of this amendment.
soll be pledged as security tar any

obligations hereafter issued or en-
tered into, except that' any outstand-
ing obligations previously issued
pledging such funds may be refunded
at a lower -et overage net Interest
cost rotheb the issuance of refund-
ing bonds maturing not later than the
obligations refunded, secured by the
some revenues and any other securi-
ty authorized In paragraph (13) of
this subsection (d).
(3) Subject to the requirements of
paragraph (1)of this subsection (d)
beginning July 1, 1973 and for thirty-
five years thereafter, the first
proceeds of the revenues derived
from the licensing of motor vehicles
to the extent necessary to comply
with the provisions of this amend-
ment, shall, as collected, be placed
monthly in the school district and
junior college district capital outlay
and debt service fund in the state
treasury and used only as provided
in this amendment. Such revenue
shall be distributed annually among
the several school districts and iun-


lor college districts in the ratio of the
number of instruction units in each
school district or Junior college dis-
trict in each year computed as
provided herein. The amount of the
first revenues derived from the state
motor vehicle license taxes to be so
set aside in each year and distribut-
ed as provided herein shall be an
amount equal in the aggregate to the
product of six hundred dollars (1600)
multiplied by the total number of in-
struction units in oll the school dis-
tricts of Florida for the school fiscal
year 1967-68, plus on amount equal In
the aggregate to the product of eight
hundred dollars (5800) multiplied by
the total number of instruction units
in all the school districts of Florida
for the school fiscal year 1972-73 and
for each school fiscal year thereafter
which is In excess of the total
number of such InstructicA units in
oil the school districts of Jrlda for
the school fiscal year I197, such
excess, units being designated
"growth units." The amount of the
first revenues derived from the state
motor vehicle license taxes to be so
set aside in each year and distribu-
ted as provided herein shall addition-
oily be on amount equal in the ag-
gregate to the product of four hun-
dred dollars (1400) multiplied by the
total number of instruction units in
all Junior college districts of Florida.
The number of instruction units in
each school district or lunior college
district in each year for the purposes
of this amendment shall be the
greater of (1) the number of instruc-
tion units in each school district for
the school fiscal year 1967-68 or Iun-
ior college district for the school fis-
cal year 1968-69 computed in the
manner heretofore provided by gen-
eral low, or (2) the number of in-
strucftion units in such school district,
including growth units, or junior col-
lege district for the school fiscal year
computed in the manner heretofore
or hereafter provided by general low
and approved by the stole board of
education (hereinafter coiled the
state board), or (3) the number of in-
struction units in each school district,
Including growth units, or junior col-
lege district on behalf Of which the
state board has issued bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates under this amendment
itlch will produce sufficient reven-
us under this amendment Io equal
ufl and twelve-hundredths (1.12)
times the aggregate amount of prin-
Cipal of and Interest on all bonds or
motor vehicle lax anticipation cer-
itfcatel Issued under this amend-
yent whlCc will mature and become
fU,. in Such year, computed in the
manner heretofore or hereafter
provided by- general- lw and op-
proved by the statoleboard.
(4) Such funds so distributed shall
be administered by the state board
as now created and constituted by
Section 2 of Article IX of the Stole
Constitution as revised in 1968, or by
such other instrumentality of the
state which shall hereofter succeed
by low to the powers, duties and
functions of the stole board, includ-
ing the powers, duties and functions
of the state "board provided in this
amendment. For the purposes of this
amendment, said state board shall be
a body corporate and shall have all
the powers provided in this amend-
ment in addition to all other constitu-
tional and statutory powers related
to the purposes of this amendment
heretofore or hereafter conferred
upon sold state board.
(5) The state board shall, in addi-
tion to its other constitutional and
statutory powers, have the man-
agement, control and supervision of
the proceeds of the first part of the
revenues derived from the licensing
of motor vehicles provided fpr in this
subsection (d). The state board shall
also have power, for the purpose of
obtaining funds for the 'use of any
school board of any school district or
board of trustees of any junior col-
lege district in acquiring, building,
constructing, altering, remodeling,
improving, enlarging, furnishing,
equipping, maintaining, renovating,
or repairing of capital outlay
projects for school purposes to issue
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, and also to issue
such bonds or motor vehicle tax an-
ticipation certificates to pay, fund'or
refund any bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates there-
tolore issued by said slate board. All
such bonds or motor vehicle tax an-
ticipation certificates shall bear In-
terest at not exceeding five per cen-
tumrn per annum, or such higher inter-
est rote as may be authorized by sta-
tute heretofore or hereafter passed
by o three-fifths (3/5) vote of each
house of the legislature. All such
bonds shall mature serially in annual
installments commencing not more
than three (3) years from the date of
issuance thereofat and ending not later
than thirty (30) years from the date
of issuance,-or July 1, 2007, A.D.,
whichever is earlier. All such motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
shll mature -prior to July 1, 2007,
A.D. The satle board shall hove
power to determine all other details
of said bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates and to sell at
public sale aoler public advertise-
ment, or exchange sold bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates, upon such terms and condi-
tions as ;he state board shall provide.
(6) The state board shall also hove
power to pledge far the payment of
the principal of and interest on such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, including refunding
bonds or refunding motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates. all or any
Port from the ancilipoted revenues to
be derived from the licensing of mo-
tor vehicles provided for In this
amendment and to enter into any
covenants and other agreements
with the holders of such bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates at the time of the issuance
thereof concerning the security
thereof and the rights of the holders
thereof, all of which covenants and
agreements shall constitute legally
binding and irrevocable contracts
with such holders and shall be fully
enforceable by such holders in any
court of competent Jurisdiction.
(7) No such bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates shall
ever be issued by the slate board un-.
til offer the adoption of a resolution
requesting the issuance thereof by
the school board of the school district
or board of trustees of the junior col-
lege district on behalf of which the
obligations are to be issued. The
stole board of education shall limit
the amount of such bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
which con be issued on behalf aof any
school district or junior college dis-
Irict to ninety percent (90%) of the
amount which it determines con be
serviced by the revenue accruing to
the school district or Junior college
district under the provisions of this
amendment, and such determination
shall be conclusive. All such bonds or
motor vehicle lax anticipation cer-
tificates shall be issued in the name
of the state board of education but
shall be issued for and on behalf of
the school board Of the school district
or board of trustees of the junior col-
lege district requesting the issuance
thereof, and no election or approval
of qualified electors shall be required
for the issuance thereof.
(8) The stale board shall in each
year use the funds distributable pur-
suant to this amendment to the credit
at each school district or junior col-
lege distrlcl only in the following
manner and in order of priority:
a. To comply, with the require-
ments of paragraph (I) of this sub-
section (d).
b. To pay all amounts of principal
and interest maturing in such year
on any bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates issued under
the authority hereof, including
refunding bonds or motor vehicle tax
anticipation certrificotes, issued on
behalf of the school board of such
school district or board of trustees of
,Soch junior college district; subject,
however, to any covenants or
agreements mode by the state board
concerning the rights between
holders of different issues of such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, as herein author-
c. To establish and maintain a sink-
ing fund or funds to meet future
requirements for debt service or re-
serves therefore, on bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
issued on behalf of the school board
of such school 'district or board ot
trustees of such junior college dis-
trict under the authority hereof,
whenever the state board shall deem
it necessary or advisable, and in
such amounts and under such terms

and conditions as the stale board
shall in its discretion determine.
d. To distribute annually to the
several school boards of the school
districts or the boards of trustees of
the junior college districts for use in
payment of debt service on bonds
heretofore or hereafter Issued by any
such school boards of the school dis-
tricts or boards of trustees of the Jun-
ior college districts where the
proceeds of the bonds were used, or
are to be used, in the acquiring,
building, constructing, altering,
remodeling, improving, enlarging,
furnishing, equipping, maintaining,
renovaoling, or repairing of capital
outlay protects in such school dis-
tricts or Junior college districts and
which capital outlay projects have
been approved by the school board of
the school district or board of trus-
tees of the junior college district, pur-
suant to the most recent survey or
surveys conducted under regulations
prescribed by the state board to de-
termine the capital outlay needs of
the school district or Junior college
district. The stolate board shall hove
power at the time of issuance of any
bonds by any school board of any
school district or board of trustees of


any Junior college district to coven-
ant and agree with such school board
or board of trustees as to the rank
and priority of payments to be made
for different issues of bonds under
this subparagraph d., and may
further agree that any amounts to be
distributed under this subparagraph
d. may be pledged for the debt ser-
vice on bonds issued by any school
board of any school district or board
of trustees of any junior college dis-
trict and for the rank and priority of
such pledge. Any such covenants or
agreements of the state board may
be enforced by any holders of such
bonds in any court of competent lur-
e. To distribute annually to the
several school boards of the school
districts or boards of trustees of the
Junior college districts for the
payment of the cost of acquiring,
building, constructing, altering,
remodeling, improving, enlarging,
furnishing, equipping, maintaining,
renovating, or repairing of capital
outlay projects for school purposes in
such school district or Junior college
district as shall be requested by re-
solution of the school board of the
school district or board of trustees of
the Junior college district.
f. When all major capital outlay
needs of a school district or junior
college district have been met as de-
termined by'the state board, on the
basis of a survey made pursuant to
regulations of the state board and op-
proved by the state board, all such
funds remaining shall be distributed
annually and used for such school
purposes in such school district or
Junior college district as the school
board of the school district or board
of trustees of the Junior college dis-
trict shall determine, or as may be
provided by general law.
(9) Capital outlay projects of a
.school district or junior college dis-
trict shall be eligible to participate in
the funds accruing under this amend-
ment and derived from the proceeds
of bonds and motor vehicle tax an-
ticipation certificates and from the
motor vehicle license taxes, only In
the order of priority of needs, as
shown by a survey or surveys con-
ducied in the school district or Junior
college district under -egulotions
prescribed by the stale board, to de-
termine the capital outlay needs of
the school district or junior college
district and approved by the state
board; provided that the priority of
such projects may be changed from
time la time upon the request of the
schOV board of the school district or
boall oftrultes of the junior college
distiet and with the approval of the
state board; and provided further,
tha this paragraph (9) shall not In
any manner affect any covenant,
an "ment or pledge made by the
st. board in lth ilsuance by said
sli rd at o bonds or motor
ve ii i.cx- anti''-r-aOon certificates,
or ,n c.i.r.skhlr n., t the issuance of
an4 bonds of any 0ool board of any
school district, or ird of trustees of
any Junior college o,..c .i
(10) The state board may Invest
any sinking fund or funds created'
pursuant to this amendment in direct
obligations of the United States of
America or in the bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates,
issued by the state board on behalf of
the school board of any school dis-.
trict or board of trustees of any 'iun-
ior college district.
(1) The state board shall have
power to make and enforce all rules
and regulations necessary to the full"
'exercise of the powers herein grant-
ed and no legislation shall be
required to render this amendment,
of full force and operating effect. The
legislature shall not reduce the levies-
of said motor vehicle license taxes
during the life of this amendment to
any degreewhich which will fail to provide
the full amount necessary to comply,
with the provisions of this amend-
ment and pay the necessary ex-
penses of administering the laws
relating to the licensing of motor
vehicles, and shall not enact any law
having the effect of withdrawing the
proceeds of such motor vehicle
license taxes from the operation of
this amendment and shall not enact.
any law impairing or materially al-
tering the rights of the holders of any.
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates issued pursuant to
this amendment or impairing or al-
tering any covenant or agreement of
the state board, as provided in such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
lion certificates.
(12) The state board shall hove
power to appoint such persons and
fix their compensation for the admin-
istration of the provisions of this
amendment as it shalt deem neces-:
sarv, and the expenses of the state,
board in administering the provisions
of this amendment shall be prorated
among the various school districts -
and Junior college districts and paid
out of the proceeds of the bonds or
motor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates or from the funds distribut-
able to each school district or Junior
college district on the same basis as
such motor vehicle license taxes are
distributable to the various school
districts or junior college districts
under the provisions of this amend-
ment. Interest or profit on sinking
fund investments shall accrue to the
school districts or junior college dis-
tricts in proportion to their respec-
tive equities in the sinking fund or
(13) Bonds issued by the state
board pursuant to this subsection (d)
shall be payable primarily from said
motor vehicle license taxes as
provided herein, and if heretofore or
hereafter authorized by law. may be
additionally secured by pledging the
full faith and credit of the state with-
out on election. When heretofore or,
hereafter authorized by law, bonds
issued pursuant to Article XII, Sec-
tion 18 of the Constitu-ion of 1885. as
amended prior to 1968. and bonds Is-
sued pursuant to Article XII, Section
.9, subsection (d) of the Constitution
as revised in 1968, and bonds issued
pursuant to this subsection Id), may
be refunded by the issuance of bonds
additionally secured by the full faith
and credit ofat the state only at a lower
net average net interest cost rote.
(e) DEBT "LIMITATION. Bonds is-
sued pursuant to this section 9 of Ar-
ticle XII which ore payable primarily
from revenues pledged pursuant to
this section shall not be included in
applying the limits upon the amount
of state bonds contained in Section
11, Article VII. of this revision.
wieh--h4isi--aoiendel ,-4--ode- lde
to th-.i:i section wherein-4he--proPeed-
lnle e- -f---sub.eai ien-- 4e- -der-s*

~l-49-euoge-- ,-4e--subsere -e -404-
,hIl e-evoiw e eF the lerguege of
subeeeion-4a4--s-eeOontned- hereloa
wlleth--4ti--anoen dmet---.--opdka -
Ihere-4is-ois -depted-on-emendment-
to this section wherein-4he--propeed-
om- r4hal-. -otsfot ertein,-lhe..-suc
other-lor.u-se shell prevail ever the
ior .suege of subseotlo--d)--e5--eea-
( h-i *-,- o--the- general -election- ot
there.-.-al a--edeeptd-on-mef..menl.-
to this seclte- wherein-4he--peopesed
f rm.41- hacontained-herein. thenuch-
ether language a-4a--sbseel4eo--ci-
sholl prevail aver--te--anth- ge-ef-

Subsections to) (el, as amended
by thts revision shall become statltes
and shall not be subJect to moqitico-
ien or repeal except by two-thirds
vote of Ihe memnbrship of each
house at ihe legislature. Th9 provi-
sions of Article X/l Section 9, which
Ore so transferred to the statules, in-
cluding the authority to pledge the
lull fith and credit of the staot as
provided therein, shall be exceptions
to the provisions of Articie VII, Sec-
tion l11 to the extent of any inconsis-
tency therewith. The foregoing shall
not be construed to impair the con-
tractual rights vested in the holders
of bonds issued pursiont to the
provisions of Arlicle Xll. Section 9,
prior to this revision.
Note.-Section 17 of Art. IX of the
Constitution of 1885. as amended,
reads as follows:
SECTION 17. Bonds: land acquisi-
tion for outdoor recreation develop-
ment--The Outdoor recreational
development council, as created by
the 1963 legislature, may issue reve-
nue bonds, revenue certificates or
other evidences of indebtedness to
acquire lands, water areas and relat-
ed resources and to construct, Im-

prove, enlarge and extend capital
improvements and facilities thereon
in furtherance of outdoor recreation,
natural resources conservation and
related facilities in this state; provide.
ed, however, the legislature with re-
spect to such revenue bonds, reve-
nue certificates or other evidences of
indebtedness shall designate the
revenue or tax sources to be deposit-
ed In or credited to the land acquisi-
tion trust fund for their repayment
and may impose restrictions on their
issuance, Including the fixing of max-
imum interest rotes and discounts.
The land acquisition trust fund,
created by the 1963 legislature for
these multiple public purposes, shall
continue from the date of the adop-
tion of this amendment for o period
of fifty years.
In the event the outdoor recreation-
at development council shall deter-
mine to issue bonds for financing ac-
quisition of sites for multiple pur-
poses the state board of administra-
tion shall act as fiscal agent. and the
attorney general shall handle the
validation proceedings.
All bonds issued under this amend-
(Continued on Next Page)


iment sfiall be sold at public sale after
public advertisement, upon such
terms and conditions as the outdoor
recreational development council
shall- provide and as otherwise
provided by law and subject to the
limitations herein Imposed.
Note.-Section 19 of Art. XII of the
constitution of 1885, as amended,
reads as follows:
SECTION 19. Institutions of higher
learning and Junior college capital
outlay trust fund bonds.-a) Tha
beginning January 1, 1964, and for
S.fifty years thereafter all of the
proceeds of the revenues derived
from the gross receipts taxes collect-
ed from very person, including
municipalities, receiving payment.for
electricity for light, heat or power,
for natural or manufactured gas for
light, heat or .power, for use of tele-
phones and for- the sending of tele-.
grams and telegraph messages, as
now provided 'and levied as of the
time of adoption of this amendment
in Chapter 203, Florida Statutes
(hereinafter called "Gross Receipts
Taxes"), shall, as collected be placed
In a trust fund to be known as the
"Institutions of Higher Learning and
Junior Colleges Capital Outlay and
Debt Service Trust Fund in the
State Treasury (hereinafter referred
to as "Capital Outlay Fund), and
used only as provided in this Amend-
ment. O
Said fund shall be administered by
the Statd" Board of Education, as now
created and constituted by Section 3
of Article X)l nowss. 2, Article IXJ of
the Constitution of Florida (herein-
after referred, to as "State Board").
For the purpose of this Amendment,
said State Board, as now constituted,
shall continue as a body corporate
during the life of this Amendment
and shall have all the powers provid-
ed in this Amendment In addition to
all other constitutional and statutory
powers related to the purposes of this
Amendment heretofore or hereafter
conferred by olaw upon sold State
(b) The Stot1 Board shall have
power, for the purpose of obtaining
funds for acquiring, building, can-
structing, altering. improving, en-
larging, furnishing or equipping capi-
tal outlay projects theretofore auth-
orized by the legislature and any
purposes appurtenant or incidental
thereto, for Inslitulions of Higher
Learning or Junior Colleges, as now
defined or as may be hereafter
defined by low, and for the purpose
of constructing buildings and other
permanent facilities for vocational
technical schools as provided in
Chapter 230 Florida Statutes, to sue
bonds or certificates. inci ng
refunding bonds or certificc to
fund or refund any bonds rf er-
tificates theretofr issued. A s- ch
bonds or certificates shall bear intir.
est at not exceedij four and one-half
per centum pe annum, and shall
mature at such ,Time or times as the
State Board shall determine not ex
feeding, in any event, however, thir-
ty years from the date of issuance
thereof. The State Board shall hove
power to determine all other details
atof such bonds or certificates and to
sell at public sole, after public adver-
tisement, such bonds or certificates,
provided, however, that no bonds or
certificotes shall ever be Issued here-
under to finance., or the proceeds
--thereof expended for, any port of- the
cost of any capital outlay roject un-
less the construction or acqmIsition of
such capital outlay project has been
theretofore authorized by the Legis-
Sloture of Florida. None of said bonds
or certificates shall be sold at less
Than ninety-eight per centum of the
par value thereof, plus accrued-inter-
est, and said bonds or certificates
Shall be awarded.t the public sale
thereof to the bidder offering the
lowest net interest cost for such
A bonds or certificates in the manner
to bedeermined bythe State Board.
The State Board shall also have
power to pledge for the payment of
the principal of and interest on such
bonds or certificates, and reserves
therefore, including refunding bonds
or certificates, all or any part of the
revenue to be derived from the said
Gross Receipts Taxes provided for in
this Amendment, and to enter into
any covenants' and other agreements
with the holders of such bonds or cer-
tificates concerning the security
thereof and the rights of the holders
thereof all Of which covenants and
agreements shall constitute legally
binding anhd irrevocable contracts
with such holders and shall be fully
enforceable by such holders in any
court of competent jurisdiction.
No such bonds or certificates shall
ever be issued by the State Board in
aon amount exceeding seventy-five
per centum of the amount which it
determines, based upon the overage.,
.annual amount" of the; revenues deuthe1
rived from said Gross Receipts
Taxes during the immediately
preceding two; fiscal years, or the
amount of the revenues derived from
said Gross Receipts Taxes during the
immediately preceding fiscal year,
Sas shown in a certificate filed by the
State Comptroller with the Stale
Board prior to the issuance of such
bonds or certificates, whichever is
the lesser, can. be'serviced by tie
revenues accruing thereafter under
the provisions of this Amendment;
nor shall the State Board, duringthe
first year following the ratification of
this amendment, issue bonds or cer-
tificolates in excess of seven times the
anticipated revenue from said Gross
Receipts Taxes during said year, nor
during each succeeding Year, more
than four ,times the anticipated
revenue from said Gross Receipts
Taxes during such year. No election
or approval of qualified electors or
freeholder electors shall be required
for the issuance. of bonds or cer-
tificates hereunder.
After the initial issuance of any
bonds or certificates pursuant to this
Amendment, the State Board may
thereafter issue additional bonds or
certificates which will rank. equally
Sand on' a parity, as to lien on and
source of security for payment from
said Gross Receipts'Taxes, with any
bonds or certificates theretofore is-
sued pursuant to this Amendment,
but such additional parity bonds or
certificates shall not be Issued unless
the average annual amount of the
revenues derived from said Gross
Receipts Taxes during the immedia-
tely preceding two fiscal years, or
the amount of the revenues derived
from said Gross Receipts Taxes dur-
ing the immediately preceding fiscal
Year, as shown in a certificate filed
by the State Comptroller with the
Staole Board prior So the issuance of
such bonds or certificates, whichever
is the lesser, shall have been equal to
Sone and one.third times the ag-
gregate amount al principal and in-
terest which will become due in any
,succeeding fiscal year on all bonds
or certificates theretofore issued pur-
suant to this Amendment and then
outstanding, and the additional parity
bonds or certificates then proposed
to be issued. No bonds, certificates or
other obligations whatsoever shall at
any time be issued under the provi-
sions of this Amendment, except
such bonds or certificates initially is-
sued hereunder, and such additional
parity bonds or certificates as pro-
vided in this paragraph. Notwith-
standing any other provision herein
no such bonds or certificates shall be
authorized or validated during any
biennium in excess of fifty million
dollars, except by two-thirds vote of
the members elected to edch house
of the legislature; provided further
that during the biennium 1963-1965
seventy-five million dollars may be
authorized and validated pursuant
tofore authorized by the legislature
for any Institution of Higher Learn-
ing or Junior College shall be eligible
to participate in the funds accruing
ulder this Amendment derived from
the proceeds of bands or certificates
and said Gross Receipts Taxes under
such regulations and in such manner
as shall be determined by Ihe State
Board, and the State Board shall use
or transmit to the State Board of
Control or to the Board of Public In-
struction of any County authorized
by law to construct or acquire such
capital outlay projects, She amount of
the proceeds of such bonds or den-
tificales or Gross Receipts Taxes to
be applied to or used for such capital
outlay protects. It for any reason any
of the proceeds'of any bands or den-
titicates issued for any capital outlay
probecd shall not be expended for
such capitol outlay project, the State
Board may use such unexpended
proceeds for any other capital outlay
protect for Institutions of Higher

: Learning or Junior Colleges and
vocational technical schools, as
defined herein, as now defined or as
may be hereafter defined by law,
theretofore authorized by the State
Legislature. The holders of bonds or
certificates issued hereunder shall
not have any responsibility whatso-
ever for the application or use of any
of the proceeds derived from the sale
of said bonds or certificates, and the
rights and remedies of the holders of
such bands or certificates and their
right to payment from said Gross
Receipts Taxes in the manner pro-
vided herein shall not be affected or
impaired by the application or use of
such proceeds.
The State Board shall use the mon-
eys in said Capital Outlay Fund In
each fiscal year only for the follow-
ing purposes and in the following
order of priority:
(1) For the payment of the prin-
cipal of and interest on any bonds or
certificates maturing in such fiscal
(2) For the deposit into any re-
serve funds provided for in the
proceedings authorizing the issuance
of said bonds or certificates, of any
amounts required to be deposited in
such reserve .funds in such fiscal

THE STAR, Port St. Joe. Fla. THURSDAY, AUGUST 31,1978

(3) After all payments required in
such' fiscal year for the purposes
provided for i (1) and (2) above, In-
cluding any deficiencies for required
payments in prior fiscal years,' any
moneys remaining in sold Capitol
Outlay Fund at the end of such fiscal
year may be used by the State Board
for direct payment of the cost or any
port of the cost of any capital outlay
project theretofore authorized by the
legislature or for the purchase of any
bonds or certificates issued here-
under then outstanding upon such
* terms and conditions as the State
Board shall deem proper, or for the
prior redemption of outstanding
bonds or certificates in accordance -
with the provisions Of the proceed-
ings.which authorized the issuance of
such bonds or certificates.
The State Board may invest the
moneys in said Capital Outlay Fund
or in any sinking fund or other funds
created for any issue of bonds or cer-
tificates, in direct obligations of the
United States of America or In the
other securities referred to in Section
344.27, Florida Statutes.
(d) The'State Board shall have the
power Stomake and enforce oall rules
and regulations necessary to She full
exercise of the powers- hrein'grant-
ed and no legislation shall be
required to render-this Amendment
of full force and'operoting effect on
and after January., 1964. The Legis-
lature, during the period this Amend-
ment is In effect, shall not redoe th
rate of said Gross Receipts Taxes
now provided in said Chapter 203,
Florida Statutes, or.. Eliminate,
exempt or remove any of the per-
sons, firms or corporations, including
municipal corporations,or any-ofIhe
utilities, businesses O, services now
or hereafter subject to said Grass
Receipts Taxes, .'from the levy nd
collection aof said Gross Receipts
.Taxes as now provided in sold
Chapter 203, Florida Statutes, and
shalt not enact.any lw impairing or
materially altering the rights of the
holders of any- banonds-rcertiicates
issued pursuant'to this Amendment
or impairing oro altering any coven-
ants or agreements of the State
Board made hereunder, or having
the effect of withdrawing the
proceeds 'of said Gross Receipts
Taxes' from the operation of this
The State Board of Administration
shall be and is hereby constituted as
the Fiscal Agent of the State Board to
perform such duties and assume
such responsibilities under this
amendment as shall be agreed upon
between the State Board and such
State Board of Administration. The
State Board shall also hove power to
appoint such other persons and fix
their compensation for the.adminis-
trallon of'' the provisions of this
Amendment as It shall deem neces-
sary, and the expenses of the Stale
Board in administering the provi-
sions of this Amendment shall be
paid out of the proceeds of bonds or
, certificates issued hereunder or from
said Gross Receipts Taxes deposited
in said Capitol Outlay Fund.
(e) No capital outlay project or
any part thereol shall be financed
hereunderaunless the bill authorizing
such project shall specify it is fi-
nanted hereunder and shall be op-
proved by a vote of three-fifths of the
elected members of each house.
Note.-Section 16 of Art. IX of the
Constitution of 1885, as amended,
reads'as follows:
SSECTION 16. Board of administra-
tion; gasoline and like taxes, dis-
tribution and use; efc.-
(a) That beginning January 1st.
1943, and far fifty (50) years there-
after, the proceeds of two (2) cents
per gallon of the total tax levied by
state law. upon gasoline and other
like products of petroleum, now
known as the Second Gas Tax, and
upon other fuels used to propel motor
vehicles, shall as collected be placed
monthly in the 'State Roads Distribu-
tion Fund' in the State Treasury and
divided into three (3) equal parts
which shall be distributed monthly
among the several counties as fol-
lows: one port according to area, one
port according to populatlan, and one
port according to the counties' con-
tributions to the cost of state rood
construction in the ratio'of distribu-
tion as provided in 'Chapter 15659,
Laws of Florida, Acts of 1931, and for
the purposes of the apportionment
based 'on the counties contributions
forthe cost of state road construc-
tion, the amount, o the contributions
established by the certificates made
in 1931 pursuant to sold Chapter
15659, shall be taken and deemed
conclusive in computing the monthly
amounts distributable according to
said contributions. Such funds so dis-
tributed shall.be administered by the
State- Board of Administration as
hereinafter provided.a frs:
(b) The Governor as chairman, the
State Treasurer, and the State Comp-
troller shall constitute a body corpor-
ate to be known as the 'State Board
of Administration,' which board shall
succeed to all the power, control and
authority of the statutory Board of
Administration. Said Board shall
hove, in addition to such powers as
may be conferred upon it by law, the
management, control and supervi-
sion of the proceeds nf said two
(2c) cents of said taxes and all mon-
eys. and other assets which on the ef
fective date of this amendment ore
applicable or may become applicable
to the bonds of the several counties
of this state, or any special road and
bridge district, or other special tax-
ing district thereof. Issued prior to
July 1st, 1931. for road and bridge
purposes. The word bonds as used
herein shall Include bonds, time war-
rants, notes and other forms of In-
debtedness issued for -road and
bridge purposes'by any' county or
special road and bridge district or
other special taxing' district, out-
standing on' July Ist, 1931, or any
refunding issues thereof. Said Board
shall, hove- the statutory powers of
Boards of County Commissioners
and Bond Trustees: and o any other
authority of special road ond bridge
districts, and other special taxing
districts thereof, with regard to said
bonds, (except that the power to levy
ad valorem taxes is expressly with-
held from said Board), and shall take
over all papers, documents and
records concerning the same. Said
Board shall hove the power from
time to time to issue refunding bonds
to mature within the said fifty (50)
year period, for any of said outstand-
ing bonds or interest thereon, and to
secure them by a pledge of anticipot-
ed receipts from such gasoline or
other fuel taxes to be distributed to
such county as herein provided, but
not at a greater rate of interest than
saiold bonds now bear; and to issue,
sell or exchange on behalf of any
county or unit for the sole purpose of
retiring said bonds issued by such
county, or special road and bridge
district, or other special taxing dis-
trict thereof, gasoline or other fuel
tax anticipation certificates bearing
interest at not more than three (3)
per cent per annum In such denomin-
ations and maturing at such time
within the fifty (50) year period as
the board may determine. In addition
to exercising the powers now provid-
ed by statute for the investment of
sinking funds, said Board may use
the sinking funds created for sold
bonds of any county or special rood
and bridge district. an other unit
- hereunder, to purchase the matured
or maturing bonds participating
herein of any othcr county or any
other special road and bridge dis-
trict, or other special taxing district
thereof; provided thal as to said ma-
tured bonds, the value thereof as an
investment shall be the price paid
therefore, which shall pal exceed the
par value plus accrued interest, and
that said Investment shall bear Inter-
est at the rote of three 13) pen cent
per annum.
(c) The said'board shall annually
use said funds in each county ac-
count, first, to pay current principal
and interest maturing, if any, of said
bonds and gasoline or other fuel tax
anticipation certificates of such coun-
ty or special rood and bridge district,
or other special taxing district there-
of; second, to establish a sinking
fund account to meet future require-
ments of said bonds and gasoline or
other fuel tax onticipat op cer-
tificates where it appears the an-
*ticipoted income far any year or
years will not equal scheduled
payments thereon; and third, any
remaining balance out of She
proceeds of said two 12c cents of
said taxes. shall monthly during She
year be remitted by said baord as
follows: Eighty (801 per cent to the
State Road Deportment for the con-
struction or reconstruction at stale
roads and bridges within the county.
or for the lease or purchase at
bridges connecting state highways
within the county. and twenty 120% I
per cent to the Board of County Com-
missioners of such county tar use on
roads and bridges therein.

(d) Said board shall hve the
power to make and enforce all rules
and regulations necessary to the full
exercise of the powers hereby grant-
ed and no legislation shall be
required to render this amendment
of full force and operating effect
from and after January 1st, 1943. The
Legislature shall continue the levies
of said taxes during the life of this
Amendment, and shall not enact any
law having the effect of withdrawing
the proceeds of said two (20 cents of
said taxes from the operation of this
amendment. The board shall pay
refunding expenses and other ex-
penses for services rendered
specifically for, or which ore proper-
ly chargeable to, the account of any
county from funds distributed to such
county; but general expenses of the
board for services rendered all the
counties alike shall be prorated
among them and paid out of sold
funds on the same basis sold tax
proceeds are distributed among the

several counties; provided, report of
sold expenses shall be made to each
Regular Session of the Legislature,
and the Legislature may limit the ex-
penses of the board.
Note.-Prior to Its amendment by
H.J.R. 3576, subsection (d) read as
(d) SCHOOL BONDS. Article XII,
Section 18, of the Constitution of 1885.
as amended, as it existed Immediate-
ly before this revision becomes effec-
five Is adopted by this reference as
port of this revision as completely as
though incorporated herein verba-
tim, except bonds or tax anticipation
certificates hereafter issued there-
under may bear Interest not in
excess of five per cent per annum or
such higher interest as may be auth-
orized by statute passed by a three-
fifths vote of each house of the legis-
lature. Bonds issued pursuant to this
subsection (d) shall be payable
primarily from revenues as provided
in Article XII. Section 18, of the Con-
stitution of 1885. as amended, and if
authorized by law, may be addition-
ally secured by pledging the full faith
and credit of the state without an
election. When authorized by law,
bonds issued pursuant to Article XII,
Section 18, of the Constitution of 1885.
as amended, and bonds issued pur-
suant to this subsection (d). may be
refunded by the issuance of bonds
additionally secured by the full faith
and credit ao the state only at a lower
net average interest cost rote.
Note.-Section 18, Art. XII of the
Constitution of 1885. as amended.
reads as follows:
SECTION 18. School bonds for
capital outlay, Issuance-
(a)t Beginning January 1. 1965 and
for thirty-five years thereafter, Ihe
first proceeds of the revenues de-
rived from the licensing of motor
* vehicles to the extent necessary to
comply with the provisions of this
amendment, shall, as collected, be
placed monthly in the county capital
Soutlay and debt service school fund
In the state treasury, and used only
as provided In this amendment. Such
revenue shall be distributed annually
among the several counties In the-ro-
tio of the number of instruction units
in each county in each year comput-
ed as provided herein. The amount of
the first revenues derived from the
licensing of motor vehicles to be so
set aside In each year and distribu-
ted as provided herein shall be on
amount equal in.the aggregate to the
product of ourhundred dollars mul-
tiplied by the total number of Instruc-
lion units in all the counties of Flor-
ida. The number of instruction units
in each county in each year for the
purposes of this amendment sholl be
the greater of (1) the number of in-
struction units in each county for the
school fiscal year 1951-52 computed
in the manner heretofore provided
by general law, or (2) the number of
Instruction units in such county for
the school fiscal year computed in
the manner heretofore or hereafter
provided by general law and op-
proved by the .state board of educa-
tion (hereinafter called the state
board), or (3) the number of Instruc-
tion units in each county on behalf of
*which the stale board of education
has issued bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates under
this: amendment which will produce
sufficient revenues under this
amendment to equal one and one-
third times the aggregate amount of
principal of and Interest an such
bonds or motor motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates which will mature
and become due in such year, com-
puted in the manner heretofore or
hereafter provided by general low
and approved by the state board.
Such funds so distributed shall be
administered by the state board as
now created and constituted by Sec-
tion 3 of Article XII anow s.2, Article
IXI of the Constitution of Florida, for
the purposes Of this amendment, soa d
state board, as now constituted, shall
-continue as o body corporate during
the life of this amendment and shall
have all the.powers provided In this
amendment in addition to all other
constitutional and statutory powers
related- to the purposes of this
amendment: heretofore or hereafter
;conferred upon sold board.
(b) The state board shall, In addi-
tlon to Its other constitutional and
statutory powers, have the man-
agement, control and supervision of
the proceeds of the first part of the
revenues derived from the licensing
of motor vehicles provided for in sub-
section (a). The state board shall
also have power, for the purpose of
obtaining funds for the use of any
county board of public instruction in
acquiring, building, constructing, al-
tering, improving, enlarging, furnish-
ing. or equipping capital outlay
projects ltr school purposes, to issue
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
lion cerlfilcoles. and also to Issue
such bonds o' motor vehicle lox an-
ticipation certificates Jo py, fund or
refund any bonds or motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates there-
tofore issued by said state board. All
such bonds shall bear interest at not
exceeding four and one-half per cen-
tum per annum and shall mature
serially in annual Installments com-
mencing not more than three years
from the date of issuance thereof and
ending not' later thanthirty years
from the date of issuance or January
1. 2000, A.D., whichever is earlier. Al
such motor vehicle tax anticipation
certificates shall bear interest at not
exceeding four and one-half per cen-
turnm per annum and shallmature
orior to January 1, 2000, AD. The
state board shall have power to de-
lermine all other details of sold
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
lion certificates and to sell at public
sale after public advertisement, or
exchange said bonds or motor ve-
hicle tax anticipation certificates,
upon such terms and conditions as
the state board shall provide.
The state board shall also have
power'to pledge for the payment of
the principal of and Interest on such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, including refunding
bonds or refunding motor vehicle tax
anticipation certificates all or any
Part from the anticipated revenues to
be derived from the licensing of mo-
tor vehicles provided for In this
amendment and to enter into any
covenants. and other agreements
with the holders of such bonds or mo-
tor vehicle tax anticipation cer-
tificates at the time of the issuance
thereof concerning the security
thereof and the rights of the holders
thereof; all of which covenants and
agreements shall constitute legally
binding and irrevocable contracts
with such holders and shall be fully
enforceable by such holders In any
court of competent iurisdiction.
No such bonds or motor vehicle tox
anticipation certificates shall ever be
issued by the state board until offer
the adoption of a resolution request-
ing the issuance thereof by the coun-
ty board of public Instruction of the
county on behalf of which such ob-
IlIgotions are to be Issued. The state
board of education shall limit the
amount of such bonds or motor ve-
hicle tax anticipation certificates
which can be issued an behalf of any
county to seventy-five per centof She
amount which it determines con be
serviced by the revenue accruing to
the county under the provisions of
this amendment, and such determin-
ation shall be conclusive. Al such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates shall be issued In the
name of the state board of education
but shall be issued for and on behalf
of the county board o1 public Instruc-
tion requesting the issuance thereof,
and no election or approval of
qualified electors or Ireeholders shall
be required for the issuance thereof.
1c) The State Board shall In each
year use the funds distributable pur-
suant to this Amendment to the
credit of each county only in the fol-
lowing manner and order of priority:
(1) To pay all amounts of principal
and interest maturing in such year
on any bands or molar vehicle tax
anticipation certificates issued under
the authority hereof, including
refunding bonds or motor vehicle lax
anticipation certicates, issued on
behalf of the Board of Public Instruc-
tion of such county; subiect, how-
ever, to any covenants or
agreements made by the Stale Board
concerning the rights between
holders of different issues of such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates, as herein author-
(2) To establish and maintain a
sinking fund or funds So meet future
requirements for debt service. or re-
serves therefor, on bands or motar
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
issued on behalf of the Board of Pub-
lic Instruction of such county, under
the authority hereof, whenever the
State Board shall deem it necessary

or advisable, and in such amounts
and under such terms and conditions
as the State Board shall in its discre-
tion determine.
(3) To distribute annually to the
several Boards of Public Instruction
of the counties for use in payment of
debt service on bonds heretofore or
hereafter issued by any such Board
where the proceeds of the bonds
were used. or are to be used, in the
construction, Oacuisition, im-
provement, enlargement, furnishing,
or equipping of capital outlay
projects in such county, and which
capital outlay projects have been ap-
proved by the Board of Public In-
struction of the county, pursuant to a
survey or surveys conducted sub-
sequent to July 1, 1947 in the county,
under regulations prescribed by the
State Board to determine the capital
outlay needs of the county.
The State Board shall have power
at the time of issuance of any bonds
by any Board of Public instruction to
Covenant and agree with such Board
as to the rank and priority of
payments to be mode for different is-
sues of bonds under this Subsection

(3), and may further agree that any
amounts to be distributed under this
Subsection (3) may be pledged for
the debt service on bonds issued by
any Board of Public Instruction and
for the rank and priority of such
pledge. Any such covenants or
agreements of the State Board may
be enforced by any holders of such
bonds in any court of competent lur-
(4) To distribute annually to the
several Boards of Public instruction
of the counties for the payment of the
cost of the construction, acquisition.
improvement, enlargement, furnish-
ing, or equipping of capital outlay
projects for school purposes in such
county as shall be requested by res-
olution of the County Board of Public
Instruction of such county.
(I5) When all moaor capital outlay
needs of a county hove been met as
determined by the State Board, on
the basis of a survey made pursuant
to regulations of the State Board and
approved by the State Board, all
such funds remaining shall be dis-
tributed annually and used for such
school purposes in such county as
the Board of Public Instruction of the
county shall determine, or as may be
provided by general law.
(d) Capital outlov projects of a
county shall be eligible to participate
in the funds accruing under this
Amendment and derived from the
proceeds of bonds and motor vehicle
tax anticipation certificates and from
the motor vehicle license taxes, only
in the order of priority of needs.os
shown by a survey or surveys con-
ducted in the county under regula-
tions precribed by the State Board, to
determine the capital outlay needs of
the county and approved by the State
Board; provided, that the priority of
such projects may be changed from
time to time upon he request of the
Board of Public instruction of the
county and with the approval of the
Stole Board; and provided luriner
that this Subsection d)S hali not -n
any manner affect any co.enan
agreement, or pledge made by the
Stole Board in the issuance by said
State Board of any bonds or motor
vehicle tax- anticipation certificates.
or in connection with the issuance of
any bonds of any Board of.Public In-
struction of any county.
(e) The State Board may invest
any sinking fund or funds created
pursuant to this Amendment In direct
obligations of the United States of
America or in the bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates,
matured or to mature, issued by the
State Board on behalf of the Board of
Public Instruction of any county.
(f) The State Board shall have
power to make and enforce all rules
and regulations necessary to the lull
exercise of the powers herein graon
ed and no legislation shall be
required to render this Amendment
of full force and operating effect
from and after January 1. 1953. The
Legislature shall not reduce the
levies of said motor vehicle license
taxes during the life of this Amend-
ment to any degree which will foil to
provide thethe ull about necessary to
comply with the provisions of this
SAmendment and pay the necessary
expenses of administering the laws
relating to the licensing of motor
vehicles, and shall not enact any low
having the effect of withdrawing the
proceeds of such motor vehicle
license taxes from the operation of
this Amendment and shall not enact
any law impairing 'or moteriallv al-
tering the rights of the holders of any
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipo-
tion certificates issued pursuant to
this Amendment or impairing or al-
tering any covenant or agreement of
the State Board, as provided in such
bonds or motor vehicle tax anticipa-
tion certificates.
The State Board shall have power
to appoint such persons and fix their
compensation for the administration
of the provisions of this Amendment
as it shall deem necessary, and the
expenses of the State Board In ad-
ministering the provisions of this
Amendment shall be prorated among
the various counties and paid out of
the proceeds of the bonds or motor
vehicle tax anticipation certificates
or from the funds distrIbutable to
each county on the same basis as
such motor vehicle license taxes are
distributable to the various counties
under the provisions of this Amend-
ment. Interest or profit on sinking
fund investments shall accrue to the
counties -in proportion to their re-
spective equities In the sing fund
or funds.
Note.-Prlor to its amendment by.
C.S. for H.J.R. 2289.ond H.J.R. 2984,
1974, subsection (a) read as follows:
Article IX, Section 17, at he ConstItu-
tion of 1885, as amended, as It existed
immediately before this Constitution,
as revised In 1968, became effective,
is adopted by this.reference as a port
of this revision as completely as
though Incorporated herein verba-
tim, except revenue bonds, revenue
certificates or other evidences of In-
debtedness hereafter Issued there-
under may be issued by the agency
of the state so authorized by law.
Article XII, Section 19, of the Con-
stitution of 1885, as amended, as it
'existed Immediately before this revi-
sion becomes effective, is adopted by
this reference as a part of this revi-
sion as completely as though Incor-
porated herein verbatim, except
bonds or tax anticipation certificates
hereafter issued thereunder may
bear interest notI n excess of five
percent (5%) per annum or such
higher interest as may be authorized
by statute passed by a three-fifths
(3/5) vote of each house of the legis-
lature. No revenue bonds or tax an-
ticipation certificates shall be Issued
pursuant thereto after June 30,1975.
--6E-T-101 10 Preservation-of-e*-
Ine-giver-o 'mesnt*-A-, -ptOusienf-Ar-

herein whicta ore---net ineniltent
with this -reviszion shall bece-a tic
r6peel--s- -ae- e-stotutes,---Ne-.-
ious provisions of-the-Goalltytienwg-
1085,--oea omendod, Lfel the tc rlde
-.-.-.-ST4--Deetifn e -o--obsotile-
sehedule- -items--Tho Iceileture skell
have-ower,--bvoint --FsoSkiWip-4o
delele-4rm thick revision -eny section
o4- f e-eatiele-X4Iineiuding4hise-e-
beeone-opp lteabe-Heve-oor-e.-Ar
mode--ag- basis for aitlicolio-.ot-
this-e-seeti---sholbe ---
SECTION 10. The attorney general
or in the event the revision to Article
IV, Section 4. abaolising he cabinet
is adopted he hief stt legal
ficer or other officer designated by
low, shall transmit So the legislature
prior to the beginning of each legisla-
tive session a list of stlons that
may be deleted from this articIl
because al events to which the sec-
tion- or subse lion is or could haye
become applicable hove occurred.
The legislature may, by Int resolu-
tion, delete from this article any such
section or subsectlop. A islye
ietermination of fact made as a ba-
sis for 9pphication of this section shall
be subject to ludicial review in the
supreme court. -
SECTION 11. In the event a revi-
sion to the constitution is adopted
that eliminates a subsection or sec-
tSon, or for any other reason requires
o technical renumbering, the secre-
tary of state prior to promulgation
and publication shall renumber the
subsequent subsections or sections.
SEC-TION--12, -Senoors--The---e-

t4.-oel'ths-revision-5heol OBepv-osv--
eal6e-T.eeo e l

(olive--opper-tie-+ meg-l-4 -ec-lloet-44-o.
Aotio.e--44--e4-his.revtlen O-hoii-opplv-
anhit-o---the---ho ofi~ie t-oi--he-
le9-slotuhe..-foMtwin--4he--een< cesss- e--170,-ond-threoller-

tero-- T-e- -le-4.-eere-ot-Hs-t

tio.-ol--thIs- -sevision,-*v-4jiA-r-eselg-
tiOMo,- sool H-prooose-4the--eieelor.s-.


Ad--vteor-em- -*oeinq-ower--vesied--y- -
low spec4i-diolr- eiwstdB-he*
ne--e.b-eeooed- v- Seetio-4-4-4
eCtept-.o-Ihe-exte-nt neswy-to-pey-
---&6T-B -*-BR.eogonizatoion,-The-
o-4t4s-4evs4on-lishe"--not- o.v-.unml.
).,4 t.o 6.
4--&E-G 47 -.--nflct:ng -ev
. sleps. T.i-.sch4edusdesione#4-.t..
me4-i r- n4-- e .Gon st- ol-4o86os,

on-peeol.-ol-. Atle-e-4h4ough-4V,-Jty
ond-if-X-thrFoue-X4- hereiA
SECTION 2. Basic rights. All na-
tural Persons are equal before the
low and have inalienable rights,

among which ore the right
and defend life and liberty. I
happiness, to be rewarded
dustry, and to acquire. POS
protect property; except
ownership, inheritance, dl
and possession of real pro
aliens ineligible for citizens
be regulated or prohibited by
person shall be deprived of
because of race, religion,
physical handicap.
SEC-TION- ;6**- slativl
(o-- ENA.TOR4Ak--AND
66lt A T4V-.-4E6I-RT4G-T-e.-.4
seeod-yeor.-4efllowing4 oetv-
c-eente-, -oW4-Feio 6o4e*,,-
the tnshN4e ie*-14e s4ea
numbor-ed- sclofiefa--.dis-
eithee..-4fentous ---4Pevr4fe
than egkl h t: emme-*
hvndee *4wenty-oenecufi
beed.- e tis te--d
eher ...een ~eer4e
seon-odio', n-w4ie'uI-odof
sieln ...reeo4en
Prec4-eme4ien---h --ne-h4--
Sle ilolur....within- ..r4y--
so4..i e ed-thry-
das,-dj4 -whi se e#wher-
s4%I 4-be-fowsotee4,,-mdot-
lo-udot.l-oin-- feooluleo*.i

s 4t+-o.e.-lio en--sessi
le Bsute-d-4e4v-ed4eurfls
l l, -lhe-oltomey--eee
,ei, 44--he-eVole-ie-mokx-
eojlnment. Ne L-er #hem
thesere-elayr-e.6- 4e -n-ore
ine-suehapw tioHrim ,

-- --- ---U
p-R-T4O0N AN.T-.-Wlhin-EW
kegistor,, e--m. n#--heu
iudemes n delermii'- the v
the--pe e tiennmeat---The-
dev --frem-.the4ie--o44

A ... APPOR-T4GNME4e;--
the state-selermnln- d i
me4n -o-be-oe. d--sw.ll.-e
upon-..le-ett- s.-e*l
Ihot Ike rppirtio -nent-mo t
leSol urh-insrveo44me e

efokwr- m4* -eaL rrdnewv-re
deliver dism--seh--he--4.

e" ro. t-4 Ono -
TAPP TMMN-T--6 T---Wilh.
dey -o4 oor-- nmenle- F
the-fotrey eierel sholl-4
se4lNe--4eeh-.the cpr-c'
selnlu o-adesW--bS- the toi
eo--ne -hes-beet, dee

op-r4lrlmc'- shell be
saketft--4"100"-00-4 .r.
-<.44) ...-f4Q 4AL--. APP
Me6*,-8held we-n am!o"Idl
pweton.r .t sef 3l- foil #a
reseljtille ov-.rtir .ent-
the supreme curt determine
-plrm-lk- rent -tode Is Ino
eeu-t shell. Hot lo ff-4hee -
e4e-reeerlne -he-elwn
fler,ney- .ral, file ith II
ter.v-.-lt>0e 1n1 -v FceF-san

SECTI9 16. Le6islati
congress na I r la
DATE. In each "er enlni
the state shall divided
many congressional dist
there. are Unie S at e
ives apportioned to he
less than thirty or more
senate dlstrlith; ndnt
ighty or more on n n
tny representtive isti
legislgtive distrcs shall
member i c
MISSION. In each yeqr a
zero and at any other time
ordered reapportlonment a
sn shallbe stablhed
roportiqnmn i
s.onal and sat
The commission sh1l ci
seven lectoers, none ofrwho
elected pubIc prty of
mplalyee of th te
The presint e of h sen
speaktr a the ho t r
tves the minority er p
ate, the minorIty o r
of representative, and the
son of the political port
received he secoF hghe
the lst gubernatora elect
each submit to mhe gove,
make public a list f not
three persons. y July 1 of
year, governor shall
person from each list ni
ini person Within thli
after the appopintments h
mde the six commission
select by o vote of at least I
misslonero a seventh comn
who sh serve as cho
Failure tq lect the seventh
sooner withn the time p
shall constitute n Imposs
shall automatically dischc
commission, A new commiss
then be appointed in the so
ner os the original commis:
legisloture shall establish b
quallfications of commissio
procedures for their selection
the filling of vacancies, an
* ties and powers of the con
The leglslatvre shall tp
funds to enable the comm
carry out Its duties.

(1) -Congressl n ith
state legislative strcs or
spective houe shall be
equal in popul as is pr
based 9n the population rei
the federal census o
ending in zero.nnocas<
lion which varies by more
percent tram the average P
of all congressional district
state. In no c shil a sir
legislative district have op
which varies by mare than
cent from the average pop
all districts of a house. In
shall the overage at the
values of the population dov
all districts of Ihe respect
vary by more than two pere
the overqge population of
tncfs. Any population voria
be lustifiable as necessary
plionce with one or more of
standards set forth in this
The commission shall have
den of justifying any
between the population of I
end tha overage population i
(21 Districts shall be corr
convenient cont guous terril
consislent with subsection
be drawn to coincide with 1
dariespfl 1oalpliticol subd
(3) Districts shalI be
form. The aggregate length
trit boundaries shall be 9s
practicable consistent with
dards ontolned n subset
and (2). In no case shall
gregate length of the ooun
oil districts of house, as
all districts wi hi a local
subdivision that has oooul
fihient to estoabish two or
tracts exceed by more than
cent the shbrlest possible
length of OIl She districts u
other plgn that is cansislent
'other standards contained

(4) The commission shall
a plan that is equitab to tl
In preparing a on, the o
shall not use dmo.raphic
lion or information about in
ltor, the political offil
registered voters, or previ
tion results for the purpose
ing qny political party, in
legislator, or any other p
- No district Ihall be d
the purpose of diluting tS
strength of any longuoge
minority group.
oafer the submission of on o
ment plgn bv the commilsio
torney General shall petilio

prem9 court of the le f
clqrtgpry judgment derm
vqlid iy of e opporlionm
The supreme court, in
with its rue shall rm
interest o present Iheir v
within dys rom the fil
tuition shall enter is
would the supreme Court
Fe opprtionmqnt plan to
in whole or in pr, the
sh ll reconvene the coa
which sho I, within 30 days,

to enioy apportionment n informing to
ao pursue the ludgmenl of She supreme court.
I for In- A revised plan shall be subject to
sess and judicia rev ew by the supreme court
that the in the some manner as the original
Isposition plan.
perty by Schedule to Article III, Section
ship may 16.-The first electIon pursuant to
v law. No this -apportIonmen shal be held at
any right the general election In 1982.
!IC. or
10(g), 3, 4, 5, 6,8(0);
111, 16 ARTICL.EXI.S2
SECTION 1.Governor.-
(g) The governor acting jointly
with at least one oicer as may be
e.-e po- provided by law, shall be responsible
-REP-RE- T) the investment and reinvest-
he-legis- 'en of all trust and agency funds
n--in-the. and for making purchases, sales or
feeenni4- exchanges for and on behalf of such
sheo-..- funds, subject to any limitations of a
0nee--wit4 trust agreement relating to a-trust
nd-el4he- fund or as provided by law;
on-thir4y- (2) bond debt service man-
eautitvey- agement, approving the issuance or
r-icts.--e-0 refunding f bonds and any other
ping---or- functions relating thereto asprovid-
-not-4ess e T w
on--- (3) the purchasing, selling, leasing,
tIvye-- trasrng or otherwise disposing
*rse--el. oT oil sTote lands os provided by low.
PoIno ....or- .. -a I .L_
-e-ses- SECTION 3. Succession to office of
IO--.sucC- governor; acting governor.-
e .. () Upon vacancy in the officeof
w'e-.4he- governor, the lieutenant governor
-do ..'4- shall become governor. Further
on.-whic- succession to the office of governor
AsdoetiVe- shall be prescribed by law. A succes-
4wsiness- sor shall serve for the remainder of
1shol.-be- the term.
gis4owe- (b) Upon impeachment of th
of-'eP6Or- governor and until completion of trial
thereof, or during his physical or
AIU-RE- mental incapacity, the lieutenant
,L-.r.-AP- governor shall act as governor.
event--a- Further succession os acting gover-
o-oft-the- nor shall be prescribed by law. In-
s--whu capacity to serve as governor shll
Of--epor- bee-fermnedy the supreme cour
he. 'n mn prescribed b w.
up ere- .f n
suh--e- bw-de mn ine. -lhe-s eme-ou4
44e-5o-x- upon .due netie-ofter-deckeling-ol-e&
.-fle-w oe ibie--member-so -Pn--such-eosfr
de--mek- restefotion,---of----poX44---4she---be
site .ly-deteemined-of--Eeeket-i
4F.AP- o-4-wf4Me-ugesWtion--thefee-b,-4the
en-dovs,. governor-,-the--- liolou e---e.4our-
t-r-eselue- cabinet---members. Incapacity to
-e4liene- serve as governor may also be es-
-seweeem- atoblished by certificate filed with
.loreoer-- such officer provided by low the-see-
eldit-e+ rsF .L f--.see-by the governor de-
-wSe ee- clearing his incapacity for physical
reasons to serve as governor, and in
erests--4e- such case restoration of capacity
hif-thirf4- shall be similarly established.

I- SE C-TtON-4-Cobinet.

*eot-4- reasrer---e-emmssoner-----
pWe a- a'omictwure--ond--o--cenmmanskoner--ef
Abfn --Sole-.s d fo ..-es.-.spee4e..-hefein,---the,.
de-bV-r41e. iI.'., e pruee
Me-tenew- leleexeld-.v---
ee----he- -...4,--..T.he--se5 etery--of--stote--sheH-
vs there keep-the-r-eeods,-of-4he-officie-o-ts-
t0iomen*- o# the Iclegslativ and exeoutive-
l-t4if0eew depertmentsm -
et9elak-e- ...4e-.-.T4e-o.forp .genefol-shil-.be-
e--el-op the-4ief-stete-4eooi-o1ei',
.he-.udol-- -(..T>e-Eomprrolle--shoi-serve---
S the--eief--fiseai-oIccw of the stote.
--- f on. --5he-Ol---. -- --a-
W4,EWGF- counts ems*-*e-stete
--41flee --- -(e+---Te--tkeestWer--shoai-leep--e*l-
eo--o.-ex- state -und--seewities-.--s4e--she
--sesst disburce-...siae-.4nds5-ePWit4Po*-he-
We-, -*po oder---e-he--.omprer-enr-
.t40-stete- 10 ned--y-4-w-9oeriser--T4;e--ever-
iment--o- ne-shet -*uetersoignwe-o-mintster4eor
pisilturc, dut ---st(e-t-oein-m mus.-
reporti ng ...-44).-- .-omfeieseeinor-e#-9gI--
.',6*O"-; tlere-erte- nlng-4e-ooiculwe-elet
ed O s S se,-w m
-o4pt-re- ---(.--T.he-comm- loner of educotiesf
Hiu r"-- s-H~--supe'vise the public cdueie*
O :40N.- eelow.
adp.t--- SECTION 5. Election of governor,
er-: oul d 9d lieutenant governor; end-cobinet
0etAt thet mebeasvquolificotions; terms.-
'ild, ltke (a) At a state-wide general election
Y-deoYs in each calendar year the number of
-. e.et- which is even but not a multiple of
ie .cre four, the electors shall choose a
- governorand a lieutenant governor and o li
ad.-me .r mo-4n-otsl-each tar
ie and o term of four years beginning on the
ie and first Tuesday after the first Monday
M' t- in January of the succeeding year. In
r N the general election and in party
9 in one, primaries. if held, all candidates for
Into: as the offices of governor and lieutenant
ricts a governor shall form point candidacies
presenao- in a Fmanner prescribed by law so
'ate; no that each votershall cast, a single
n9 ftor vote for o candidate for governor
Iss than and.a candidateofor lieutenant gover-
reod and nor running together.
rics. All ( ) When elected, the governor,
)e single- and lieutenant governor and each
cabir.ot me-bor must sholl each be
1T CM- a on elector not less than o hTin yeors
;ning in of age who has resided in the state
O court- for the preceding seven years. The
commis- chief state legal officer attfrnei -en-
prepore o eral must hove been a member ao the
nrs- ba of Florida for the preceding five
districts, years. No person who has or but for
onslst of resignation would have, served as
n may be governor or acting governor for
ficqrs or more than six years in two consecu-
gisiature. tive termsshallt be elected governor
note, the for the succeeding term.
Sthe sen- SECTION 6. Executive depart-
he house ments.-All functions of the executive
choairpr- branch of state government shall be
ty which allotted among not more than twenty-
Sve In five departments, exclusive of those
ion shall specifically provided for or author-
rnor and sized In this constitution. The admins-
less than tration of each department, unless
the some otherwise provided in this constitu-
point ne tion, .shall be placed by lw under the
one qadi- direct supervision of the governor,
rty days the lieutenant governor, thegovernor
yve been ena-dablne. wr--.obelstembec or
ers shall on officer or board appointed by and
oheur cam- serving at the pleasure of the gover-
Sssioner, nor, except:
3irperson. (oa) When provided by low. confir-
commis- motion by the senate OF-the-approval
describe of-thr-|e-mewbees-of-4he-c-bAet shall
se which be required for appointment to or
irge the removal from any designated statu-
sion shall tory office.
me man- (b) Boards authorized to grant and
sin. The revoke licenses to engage in regulat-
Slw the ed occupations shall be assigned to
ners the appropriate departments and their
n and for members appointed for fixed terms,
d the du- subject to removal only for cause.
propriate SECTION 8. Clemency-
ilssion to (a) Except in cases of-treason-end
In cases where, impeachment results
in conviction, the governor may, by
T STAN- executive order tied-wih-4hesec-Fe-
tor-y--ef-solote suspend collection of
cts and fines and forfeitures, grant reprieves
eoa h e- not exceeding sixty days and,-with
SPetley tIhe-epovel-f--hree membefs-et-4he-
icticable, e el, grant full or conditional par-
uorled in dons, restore civil rights, commute
ach year punishment, and remit fines and for.
* shall a feliures for offenses.
ts in the (ol Unless otherwise provided
ngle stole herein, all powers duties and func-
qpulotion tions of cabinet officers provided for
lve per- in the 1968 constitution or by law
lotion of shall be transferred to agencies pre-
no case scribed by low and the heds of such
absolute agencies shall be appointed by the
lotions of governor and cantirmed by the sen-
ve house ate. They shall serve at the pleasure
;enS from of the governor. AlI powers, duties.
alt dis- and functions of the cabinet officers
nee must relatingta power plant siting, dredge
for c0h- and fill permits, rules ond orders of
the other water management districts, and
section, developments of regional impac
the bur- shall be transferred to a board op.
vorionce pointed by the governor. ond can-
0 district firmed bY lhe senate.
of all dis- (b) Officers who were appointed by
the governor and approved by three
posed of members f the cabinet, or who were
tory ond, appopintby the governor and cab
(1), shall net, shall be appointed by the over-
mhe boun- nor and shall be subiecl t0 conlrmo-
visions. tion by the senate.
mpoot in (c) In th event the revision to Ar-
0oflldis- ticle IV, Secion 4 abolishing the
short as cobmie, is adopted and She revision
the stan- of Article IX Section creating an
the O;- nor adopted, Artiile IX, eon o
dories of the 1968 constitution, providing that
sell as of the governor and cabinet sha con-
political stitute the Ste Boprd of Education,
ohon syf- shall become a slalule subject to
more dis- modification or repeal as are other
five per- statules.
gregote dIn the event the to Ar-
naer any ticle IV, Section 4, ablishing the
with the cabinet, is adopted, and the revision

tuition of 196 creating a reapportion-
prepare ment'commission, is not odopitd, the
elepors words "the attorney general shall
mission be deleted from that section and the
inform- phror "ffer signed b low
incumbent and" shall be ubstivued on tIe ef-
lotion of festive ate ofhe revision to Article
of tvor- I he responsibility for settling
cum ent ond approving accounts of the slote
person or sholl be as gned b low to on officer
who Is not the chief fiscal officer re-
raown for sponsible for srsing state funds
e voting and k securities.
or racial (f) Except as otherwise provided
in this constitution revisins T? ec
Q AP- ions 1(g), 3, 4,5, and8) otAri
15i PYS fe V and hi sch$ dle shall be ef-
iprlrn- ive on January 4, 1983
n, the A. () The stt9 board of odminlstro-
n the su- lion provided for in article XII ec-
for a de- tion 9 of the constitution f 19 and
inning he in Article ISecn 16 of the consti-
ent plan. tuion of 1 s amended, and in-
coroonce corporoed heren by reference, shall
idversory consist of such successor agency
ews, aqn deignated by low.
ng of the (i) Any re nce to comptroller in
udgment, the constitution 1885 as amended,
ermine and incorporated herein by refer-
Snvlid nce, shall men the chief scale of-
governor C Icer responsib for disb rising state
nmms ion tunds nd keepng s or such
adopt on other officer esignaed by w.

(1) Any references to attorney gen
ero In the cons ntitu o 185, OS
amended, and incorporated herein
by reference, sha mean he chef
toate legal officer, r such other of-
ficer designated by lOw,
(J) In the event the revision to Ar-
ticle IV, Section 4, abolishing the
cabinet, is adopted then on the ef-
fective date of thaI Sction, the f
lowing changes shall te made in the
following sections of the constitution
prorto Its promulgation and ublic-
t( Article II Setilan2: The words
"cabinet members n the firstsen-
lence shall be deleted.
(2) Schedule to Artic II, Section
7; Article III, Section 8(b); Article
IV, Section 7 (o); Article VIII Sec-
lion 1; and Article XI, Sections ,3 4
and 5: The phrase "he secretary of
state" shall be deleted and the
phrase "such officer designated by
aw shall be substituted.
(3) n the event th revision of Ar-
ticle III, Section 16t relating to legis-
lative and congressional reapportion-
mt, is not adopted, then the phrase
"the secretary of staoe" in Article Il,
Section 16(f) shall be deleted and the
phrase "such officer designated by
low" shall be substituted.
(4) Article XII, Section 9(c) (5):
The phrase "and which is continued
as a body corporate for the life of
this subsection 9 (c)- shall be delet-
ed and the phrase or its successor
shall be substituted.
SECTION 2. Revision commis-
(a) Within thirty days after the ad-
iournment of the regular orgpnizo-
'ion session of the legislature con-
.'ened in 1996 the-tenth-year-4ollowing
hot- --+--Wh .-.is-Con94tutien- s-
odepted, and each twentieth year
thereafter, there shall be established
a constitution revision commission
composed of the following thirty-
seven members:
(1- the- -attOFney- general ot 4he
(1) -2) fifteen members selected
by the governor;
(2) (-34 nine members selected by
the speaker of the house of represen-
tatives and nine members selected
by the president of the senate; and
(3) 4, four three members select-
ed by the chief justice of the supreme
court at Florida with the advice of
the Jusices.
(b) The governor shall designate
one member of the commission as its
chairman. Vacancies in the member-
ship of the commission shall be filled
in the some manner as the original
(c) Each constitutionn revision
commission shall convene at the call
of its chairman, adopt its rules of
procedure, examine the constitution
of the state, hold public hearings,
and, not later than one hundred
eighty daysprior to the next general
election, file with the secretary of
state its proposal, if any, of a revi'
sion of this constitution or any part of
it. -
ARTICLE V,13(b) (3)
b._ECTION 10. Public service com-
mission an d iui c counselt-
oap There shall be a public service
commission, composed of five
members, appointed by the governor
subject to confirmation by the senate
for staggered terms of six years. The
governor shall fill each vacancy on
the commission y abppintig one of
no-f'ewer than three persons nomin-
aot"by a nomination commission es-
tablished by low. A commissioner
shl al 'sume office only after confir-
rmatiaon by the senate. he ualifico-
tions, ':ompensation, and residency
requirements of members of the
commission anaf powers, duties and
idministrative F procedures of the
commission shall be as provide3`by
genera NDlw. A chairperson shall be
selected by e members of the com
missTon from its membership. The
commission shall regulate such pug-
lic utilities as may be provided by
generalT low. It shall also regulate
such other entities as may be provid-
ed by general law. Judicial review of
commission actions shall be taken
directly to the supremecourt by cer-
b There shall be an appointed
public counsel; as prescribed by law,
who shall provide legal representa-
tion for the people of the state rela-
ting to matters contoinedlin this sec-
tion in proceedings before the com-
mission as prescribed by low.
Schedule to Artlicle IV Section_10-
be deleted from this Constitution ten
(10) years-from its becoming effec-
tive and will become a general law
which may thereafter be amended by
(b) The public service commis-
sioner elected in November, 1976
shot become a member of the public
service commission created herein,
and shall serve a term to expire Jan-
uary 1, 1981.
(c) The public service commis-
sioners elected in November, 1978
shall become members of the public
service commission created herein,
and shall serve terms to expire Jon-
uory 1 1982.
(d) The terms of the original ap-
pointees to the public service com-
mission shall expire as follows:
(1) One member's term shall ex-
pire on January 1, 1983.
(2) One member's term shall ex-
pire on January 1, 1984.
(e) This section shall become ef-
fective January 4, 1979, and the ap-
ointments required under this sec-
ion shall be made prior to March 1,
1979, and shall not be subject So a
nominating commission unless one
has been established by law.

SECTION 13. Term of office-
(ao) No office shall be created the'
term of which shall exceed four
Syegrs except as provided herein.
(b) The terms of office of public
service commission members shall
be exempt from the limitations of this
section, provided that their terms
shall not exceed six years.
SECTION 3. Supreme court.-
preme court:
(3) May review by certiorari any
decision of a district court of appeal
that affects a class of constitutional
or state officers, that posses upon a
question certified by a district court
of appeal to be of great public inter-
est. or that is in direct conflict with a
decision of any district court of ap-
peal or of the supreme court on the
some question of law, and any inter-
locutory order passing upon a molter
which upon final udgment would be
directly appealable to the supreme
court; and may issue writs at cer-
tiorori to the _Autc s ervicecommis-
sion or commissions ving sdfte-
we urisdction estfbllsiedby gen-
eralwT -awh n9n- statewide--iuric--

AND b11o
SECTION 10. Retention; election
and terms.-
(e-) Any justice of the supreme
court or any Judge of a district (Court
of appeal, circuii court _r county
court may qua6lily or rnentTnn by a
vote of the electors in the general
election next preceding the expira-
tion of his term in the manner pre-
scribed by low. If a justice or judge
is ineligible or foils to qualify far re-
tension, a vacancy shall exist In thaf
office upon the expiration of the term
being served by the justice or judge.
When a justice of the supreme court
or a judge of a district court of ap-
peal, circuit ,purL or cunjyspurl so
qualities, thre 5boloihalT readsub-
stantially as follows: Shall Justice
(or Judge) _nom9.Q pf sice or
be retained in office a 110 m)orily
of the qualified electors voting on the
question of renlention within thetir-
ritonao lursdichion of the court vale

to retain, the justice or udge shall be
retained for a term of six years com-
mencing on the first Tuesday after
the first Monday in January follow-
ing the general election. If a moiority
of the qualified electors voting on th
question f retention within the tin-
toral jurisdiction of fhe court vote to
not retain, a vacancy shall exist in
that office upon the expiration of the
term being served by the justice or
---4..+--C:rcuit judges ad- ludses of
eeont-- vete-of-.he-o-foIfied electors :kin
spe tive-eCur4s.--Thei-4eFmSf-e4-e4t-

SECTION 11. Vacancies.-
(o) The governor shall fill each
vacancy on the supreme courtc- on
o district court of appeal, on cirit
court, or on a uny cou r y ap-
pointing, for term ending on the
first Tuesday after the first Monday
in January of the year following the
next general election occurring at
least one year after the date of ap-
pointr-ent, one of ngtfAwer than

three persons nominated by the OP'
propriate judicial nominating coM-
- --T.he-.TvIee f e 6' 401-411 ..

end-enerol-eieenet4o-enewe-of-ro -wer-
thon-three-Peroent-nomlnated by-4he
eppepoeote-adloi4- lini naltno-GOm-
mIsseon-An-eleotlon sholl be held-e-
fIh-44t-ot e eleo-offeee-fF4-the-teflr4-h
-l Lb) The nominations shall be
made within thirty days from the oc-
currence of a vacancy or froT the
acceptance of a resignation by the
governor, whichever Is sooner, un-
ess the period Is extended by the
governor for a time not to exceed
thirty days. The governor shall make
the appointment within sixty days
after the nominations have been cer-
tified to him.
ARTICLE X,t12(h)
SECTION 1. Taxation appropria-
tions; stateexpenses.-
(a) No tax shall be levied except in
pursuance of laow. No state ad valor-
em taxes shallbe levied upon real
estate or tangible personal property.
All other forms of taxation shall be
preempted to the state except as
provided by general law.
(b) Motor vehicles, boats, air-
planes, trailers, trailer coaches and
mobile homes, as defined by law,
shall be subject to a license tax for
their operation in the amounts and
for the purposes prescribed by law,
but shall not be subject to ad valor-
em taxes
(c) No money shall be drown from
the treasury except in pursuance of
appropriation mode by low.
(d) Provision shall be made by law
for raising sufficient revenue to de-
fray the expenses of the state for
.each fiscal period.
SECTION 2. Taxes; rate.-A ad
uniform rate within each taxing uni -
except the taxes On intangible pet*f-
sonal property may be at different
rates but shall never exceed two
mills on the dollar of assessed value;
provided, as to any obligations
secured by mortgage, deed of trust,
or other lien on real estate wherever
located, an intangible tax of not more
than two mills on the dollar may be
levied by law'to be in lieu of all other
intangible assessments on such ob-
ligations. .
SECTION 3. Taxes; exemptions.-
(a) All property owned by a mun-
icipality and held or used exclusively
by it for mu[cTpial or public pur-
poses shall be exempt from taxation.
A municipality, owning property out-
side the municipality, may be
required by general low to make
payment to the taxing unit in which
the property is located. Such portions
of property as are used predominate-
ly for educational, literary, scientific,
religious or charitable purposes may
be exempted by general law from
(b) There shall be exempt from
taxation, "cumulatively, toevery-head
of --e--m --res4dit--ien-4lis-sot-e to
every natural person household
goods and personal effects to the
value fixed by general taw, not less
than one thousand dollars, and to
every widow or widower or person
who is blind or Tofblly and perman-
ently disabled, property the value
fixed by general law not less than
five hundred dollars..
) All leasehold interests created
prior To January 1, 1978 in property
ownedty the United States, the state,
or any political subdivision, mun-
cpa a authority, district, agency
or pubic Body corporate shall be
mxem xm from ad valorem taxes
IT) The leasehold interests were
created pursuant to legislation or
eas-e agreements which exempted,
or which covenanted to exempt such
leasehold interests from ad valorem
taxes, or which covenanted to ndem-
njfy or hold harmless the lessee from
any adcT valorem taxes levied in re-
spect of the leased premises or
() Thle property is lease1 Tor use
in _connection with providing air,
ground or water transportation, or is
eas-ed Tor use in connection with
provdTLn.g services to the public en-
gogedTn air, ground or water trans-
portation provided however, no
Jeaso--Td-Tnterest shall be exempted
s toehe provisions of this paragraph
(s prior to January 1978, there
sh.Uoiave been a voluntary payment
6Toi valorem taxes levied in respect
oT such leasehold interest.
--All leasehold interests in
properTy owned by the United States;
mi state or any political subdivision,
nmu__icipaiy, authority, district,
agecy, or public body corporate
my be exempted from d vlorem
foaxoin as provided by law when the
erperTy-is leased for a public pur-
pose ior use in connection with
rovidin air, ground or water trans-
pr-aTion, whether or not for private
proi, or is leased for a pubic pur-
e or use in connection with
providTng serves, whether or no)
foirpTvatfe profit, to the public en-
ged n s ir, ground, or water trans
_e) Te exemption of leasehold in-
terests Tro ad valorem taxation
p~avdoed ty subsections (c) and (d)
shall no d e granted to any lessee
wo discrimTnoes in its membership,
serves or s fier activities on ac-
sed ces for oe o
counirT race, religion, sex or physi
cEa handicap.
SECTION 4. -Toxaticn; assess-'
ments.-By general law regulations
shall be prescribed which shall
secure a iust valuation of 611 proper-
ty for ad volorem taxation, provided:
(a) Agricultural land or land used
exclusively for non-commercial re-
creational purposes may be classi-
fied by general low and assessed
solely on the basis of character or
(bI Pursuant to generqllow:
W-) (bi-Pirsuant--ageneral- low
Ttongible personal property held for
sale as stock in trade and livestock
may be valued for taxation at a
specified percentage of its value,
may .be classified for tax purposes,
or may be exempted from taxation
Sihe legislture may prescrIbe
procedures for the valuation of his-
foric property oaT a specified percen-
fge of- iLs assessed value.
(3) The legislature, until December
1988, may exclude from te as-
sessedMvaIue of real property any in-
creases in value attributable to the
instalo-Ifion of a solar energy system
[41_The legislature may prescribe
9 periodic revaluation of property at
east every two years, provided that
odiustments for damage, destructi
additions to or deletions from taxOilb
properties shall be made annually. l
(5) The legislaturneur twO It-It fd

house, may prescr be that 11,12
property, located in an area dqsi.
fed by a county, mun c pal y or
authority created pursuant to goner
ol or special low as O slum or blight
ed area for purposes of redevelop-
ment e valued at a specified pen-
centoge of its value for a period of
time not to exceed twenty-five years.
upon such terms, conditions, and re-
strictions as may be prescribed b
such law; provided that the assessed
value of such property during such
period shall not be less than e
assessed value of the land, exclusive
ot improvements, in She year im-
mediately prior to the year in which
the area was designated asa slum or
bhte purposes of

SECTION 5. Estate, Inheritance
and income taxes.-
upon estates or inheritances or upon
the income 0t natural persons who
are residents or citizens of the stale
shall be levied by the state, on under
its authority, in excess at the aa-
gregate of amounts which moy be al-
lowed to be credited upon or deduct-
ed from any similar tax levied by the
United States or any state.
(b) OTHERS. No lax upon the in-
come of residents and citizens other
than natural persons shall be levied
by the state, or under its authority, In
excess of 5% of net Income. as
defined by law, or at such greater
rote as is authorized by a three-fifths
(3/5) vote of the membership ot each

house of the legislature or as will
provide for the state the maximum
amount which may be allowed to be
credited against income taxes levied
by the United States and other states.
There shall be exempt from taxation
not less than five thousand dollars
(15,000) of the excess of net Income
subject to tax over the maximum
amount allowed to be credited
against income taxes levied by the
United States and other states.
-- -6+-FF6-GT4V6--eATSE*-T409- see
lion sholl bece-e effective Imnedl-
of-- tForida
(c) No tax upon, or measured by,
Income shall be levi by li stol
ie unreled apreation value
Of any property which occurred prIor
November 2. 19 Absent convin-
cing evidence to he contrary, a
preciation in the value of property
shll be conserve o hve occurred
roatblV over t hodin prod
schedule rcle I Stn 5
bsclon 5(c) I e t on
November 7, nd not
SeduOce ny tax lia ty in respect of
able years ending prior to such

SECTION 6. Homestead exemp-
(Continued on Next Page)

lions.- -..,
6 (al Every person who has the
legal or eflable title to real estate
and mainrdins thereon the perma-
nent resiFence ol the owner. or
another Il.1lly or naturally depen-
denl upon, .he owner, shall be exempt
from taxotlon thereon, except assess-
ment; fal7Special benefits. up to the
assessedl'aluplion of five thousand
dollars, upon establishment of right
thereto lifthe manner prescribed by
law The real estate may be held by
legal or equitable title, by the entire.
elles. iolpily, In common, as a con-
domlnluM, -or Indirectly by stOCk
ownership or membership represent.
Ing the owner's or member s oroprle.
tory Interest In a corporation awning
a lee or a leasehold Initially in excess
of ninety-eight years
ID) Not more than one exemption
shall be allowed any Individual or
family unit or with respect to any re-
sidential until. No exemption shall ex.
Sceed the value of the real estate
aessable to the owner or. in case of
ownership through stock or member.
Ship in a corporation, the value of Ihe
proportion which his interest in the
corporation bears to the assessed
value of the properly.
(c) BY general law and subject to
conditions specified therein, *ie
exemption may be increased up to an
amount not exceeding ten thousand
dollars of the assessed value of the
real estate if the owner has attained
age sixty-five or is totally and per-
manentIV disabled.
(d) By general loaw the amount of
any exemption provided for in this
section may be annually odiusted to
mainfao 'the constant value f the
exemption in the ase year a 1979.
Such adjustment shall be made only
'after provision has been made for
restitution to the respective boxing
authorities for revenue lost by -lfh

SECTION 7. Allocation of pori-mu-
fuel taxes,-Taxes 'upon the opera-
tion of pori-mutuel pools may be
preempted ta the state or allocated In
whole or in port to the counties.
When ollo'oled to the counties, the
distribution shall be in equal amounts
to the several counties.
SECTON 8. Aid to local govern-
fhnnts.-State funds may be appro-
ed to the several counties,
>ol 'districts, municipalities or
SA: e al districts upon such conditions
Saoy be provided by general low.
SECTION 9. Local taxes.-
(at Counties, school districts, and
municipalities shall, and special dis-
tricts may, be authorized by low to
levy ad valorem taxes and may be
authorized by general low to levy
other taxes, for their respective pur-
poses, except ad valorem taxes on
intangible, personal property and
taxes prohibited by this constitution.
(b) Ad, valorem taxes, exclusive of
taxes levied for the payment of bonds
and taxes levied for periods not
longer than two years when author-
ized by vote of the electors who-ore
the- ewnees.-ef-',feeholds--thefein-I-net
wvo~ti--exemt--4-m---4oxe44en,- shall
not be levied In excess of the follow-
ing milloges upon the assessed value
of, real estate and tangible personal
property: for aloil county purposes,
ten mills; for all municipal purposes,
ten mills;for all school purposes, ten
mills; .'for water management pur-
poses for the northwest portion of the
state lying west of the line between
ranges two and three east. 0.05 mill;
for water. management purposes for
the remaining portions of the state.
1.0 mill;,'and for all other special dis-
tricts a milloge authorized by law ap-
proved by vote of the electors who
= Ewnefs-e9--4 eekolds:-therefin--net
...eyexem*4..--4-rem---.4exatoiai-- A
county .furnishing municipal services
may, to the extent authorized by low.
levy additional taxes within the limits
fixed for municipal purposes.
SECTION 10. Pledging credit.-
Neither the state nor any county,
school district, municipality, special
district, or agency of any of them,
shall become a ioint owner with, or
stockholder of, or give, lend or use
its taxing power or credit to aid any
corporation, association, partnership
or person; but this shall not prohibit
laws authorizing:
(a)t the investment of public trust
(b) the investment of other public
funds in obligations of, or insured by,
the United States or any of its in-
(c) the issuance and sole by any
county, municipality, special district
or other local governmental body of
(1) Irevenue bonds to finance or.
refinance the cost of capital projects
for airports, or port facilities, or f2)
revenue bonds' to finance or refin-
ance the, cost of capital projects tor
industrial or, manufacturing plants to
the extent that the interest thereon is
exempt from income taxes under the
then 'existing laws of the United
States, 'when, in either case, the
revenue bonds are payable solely
from'revenue derived from the sale,
operation or leasing of the projects.
If any Prolect or port thereof, so fi-
nanced under subsection (c) (2)- '
onYewl fliereof. Is occupied or oper',
aled bs anv private corooration. as-
S soo.,ollrn. porlnerShip or person pur-
suont to contract or lease with the is-
suing authority body. the property in-
terest created by such contract or
lease shall be subject to taxation to
the same extent as other privately
owned property, provided that an in-
terest created under subsect[on tc)
(1) mat be evempied fror m taxcoion.
(di a municipalrly county, special
diilr.cl or agency of any of them,
being a ioint owner of, giving, or
lending or using iIs taxing power or
ceo loto, the iorni ownership, con-
siruclion ond operation of electrical
energy, generating or transmission
facilities with any corporation, as-
sociation, partnership or person.
SECTION 11. State bonds; revenue
(at 11) State bonds pledging the
full faith and credit of the state may
be issued only to finance or refinance
the cost,'of state fixed capital outlay
projects authorized by low, and pur-
poses incidenlal fhereto, upon ap-
proval by a vote bof te electors;
provided state bonds issued pursuant
to this subsection (a) may be refund-
ed without a vote of the electors at a
lower -iel average net interest cost
rote. The total outstanding principal
of state bonds issued pursuant to this
subsection (a) shall never exceed fif-
ty per cent of the total tax revenues
of the state for the two preceding fis-
cal years, excluding any lax reve-
nues held in' Trust unfer the provi-
sons ofrahis aonS- uffn-n.
M.- (2) 'Moneys sufficient to pay
debt service on state bonds as the
some becomes due shall be appro-
priated by low.
(b) Any stfat bends pledgin the
fulfaith an credit F me state is-
sued under this section or any otffor
Sseclion 'oT-1his Constitution maoy be
comib eT for purposes of s-le.
(c) Revenue bonds may be issued
by the state or its agencies without a
vote of. the electors only to finance or
refinance the cost of state fixed capi-
tal outlay projects authorized by law,
"and purpose incidrtnf0 hereto andl
'derived from sources other than
state- tax revenues or rents or fees

xafromlstote tax revenues.
CECTION 12. Local bonds.-

inrao) Counties, school districts, mu-
W'"-. a lies special districts and local
governmental bodies with taxing

Showers may issue bods, certificates

: of indebtedness or any form of tax
S" anticipation certificates, payable
from ad valorem taxation and matur-
ing more than twelve months after is-
suance only:
1) (<- to finance or refinance
fixed capital outylty protects outhor-
ized-by law, aondI.pIurpsee... incidental
thereto, and only when approved by
vofe of the electors whe-ere-owner-s
exempt--em-tgfaettek or
(2) (lb.to refund outstanding bonds
and" lnterest and redemption
premium thereon at a lower -net
average net Interest cost rote.
(bL.Rfveue bnds. able from
sources oter than od valorem taxoa
tion may be issued by local govern-
mretol bodies, without o vole of the
electors, only to finance or refinance
fxedmc_ to.a outlay.prfojJ.t.s outhor-
i'ze- by low, ond purposes incldentol.
Tc_ tQX or revenue Qnticipotlon
certiflcates maturing twelve months
or less otter issuance, IncludIng oit
renewals thereof may be Issued by
local governmental bodies for any
purpose outhoriZe dby ow, without 0
vote of the eteCtgrs; orovlded that
neither such certificate npr the in-
terest thereon shall be pid from the
(d) Nofes moturino (Iy years or
less otter Issuance, Il luding oal re-
newals thereof, may te Issued by
lo:ai governmentQt bots In ontlcl-

ptIon of t recept o e prcd
revenue bonds or g ,bns w hicn
rs, ly o fnce or refin nce
fi capital outlay project uthr-
iTed~sy law, and purposes incidental

SECTION 13. Relief from Illegal
taxes.-Until payment of all taxes
which hove been legally assessed
upon the property of the some owner,
no court shall grant relief from the
payment of any tax that may be Il-
legal or Illegally assessed.
SECTION 14, Bonds for pollution
control ald abatement facilities.-
(a) When authorized by low, state
bonds pledging the full faith and
credit of the state may be issued
without an election to finance or
reflnone# the construction of air and
water pollution control and abate-
ment and solid waste disposal facili-
ties, or 'otr water facilities 1 uhor-
a cizd b Iy lw, herein referred to as
S "facilities") to be operated by any
municipality, county, district or auth-
ority, or any agency thereof (herein
referred to as "local governmental
agencies"), or by any agency of the
State of Florida, Such bonds shall be
secured by a pledge of and shall be
payable primarily from all or any

part of revenues to be derived from
operatlit of Such facilities, special
asses sMnts, rental pqymentg to be
received under lease---9urFhol-.
ogreeMfirts herein provided for, any
other venues that may be legally
ovallabie for such purpose, including
revenues from other facilities, or any
combination thereof (herein collec-
tively refrred to as "pledged reve-
nues"), nd shbll be additionally
secured the full faith and credit of
the Statra Florida.
(b) Np uch bonds shall be issued
unless a late fiscal agency, -efeeted
designated by low, has made a deter-
noion t In no state fiscal year
will the debt service requirements of
the bonds proposed to be issued and
all other bonds secured by the some
pledged revenues exceed seventy.
five per tent of the pledged reve-
nues. Tj t term_ edgd__ revecns
shall n amounts require
p y debt o urvece of prior lien obligoa
Firns, and such prior lien debt ser-
v cc re ements shall not be in-
cluded re determination provided
for by tit subsection (bi.
(c Th state may lend money de-
rived frIp' the sale oT sucnh ns
e tojione any of such facilities
to for" sny local governmental
agency, under lease- purFchase
agreemedIs for such periods and
- under sui other terms and condi-
tions as inoy be mutually agreed
upon. Tt local governmental agen-
cies mao Pledge the revenues de-
rived fro0 such leased facilities or
any nthe available funds for the
aymenf- -qret.ek4s payments there-
under; an in addition, flheuli faith
and credit ad .taxing power of such
local governmental agencies may be
pledged for the--peyiet"--of--such
rentals such .pq'ments without any
vote ofele electors eleevtion--of
4teesF- oe eedo- -
tor ls .
+--Thc slte may olso-.see-suee .
bends ex-4he-posec--e---4ioonine
ticllitics t be o' -cd-.er oer--eted--y-
any--o.=-su0c -x-leot-gvern toi-oge e-
es- Such loons shall bear interest at
not more than one-half of one per
cent per annum greater than the lost
preceding issue of state bends Pur-
suant to this section, shall-be-secured
by.-t he ledged-,eveues,-ond-meo,-be.

(e-+ (dr The total outstanding prin-
cipal of slate bonds issued pursuant
to this section 14 shall never exceed
fifty per cent of the total tax reve-
nues of the state for the two preced-
ing fiscal years. excluding any tax
revenues held in trust under the
prOysions..Af thI Consiuon.
SECTION- 15., Revenue bonds for
scholarship tud.nt loans.-
(a) When authorized by law, rev-
enue bondsmay be issued to estab-
lish a fund'to make loans to students
determined to be eligible as pre-
scribed by .loaw.nd who have been
admitted to attend any public or
private institutions of higher learn-
ing, lunior'colleges, health related
training. institutions, or vocational
training ce'a ters, which are recog-
nized or cc credited under terms and
conditions p describedd by low. Reve-
nue bonds issued pursuant to this
section shol be secured by a pledge
of and sho be.' payable primarily
from payme its of interest, principal,
and handling charges to such fund
from the re ipients of the loans and,
if authorize by law, may be addi-
tionally sec red by student fees and
by any othdr moneys in such fund.
There shol4tbe established from the
proceeds of each issue of revenue
bonds o reserve account in an
amount equal to and sufficient to pay
the greatestlamount of principal, in-
terest, and% handling charges to
become due pn such issue in any en-
suing state ,fiscal Year.. .
(b) I nere -mnaeys Moneys in the
fund established pursuanTo this sec-
tion, not required in. any fiscal year
for poymen'tof debt service on then
outstanding 'revenue bonds or for
maintenance of the reserve account,
may be used for edu.:ailonal loons to
students delerrm.neo ao be eligible
therefore in the manner provided by
low, or Ior sucr. aomner related pur-'
poses as may be provided by low.
SECTION '16. Revenue bonds for
housing 6ndceTotedfacilties-
Th l When 'authorized b low, reve-
nue bonds Maiy be Tssued wuithou oni
election to financee or refinance hous-
ing and related facilities in Florida.
.b) The revenue bonds shall be
secured _b6 pie o0_ riadnd shl- be
payable from all, or any Port of
revenues to be derived from the fi-
nancing, operation, or sale of such
facilities, mortgage or loon
payment's, or any other revenues or
assets that may be legally available
for such purposes derived from
sources other than od val rem taxa-
tion including revenues from other
similar facilities, or any combination
thereof. All mortgages or loans de-
rived from the proceeds of such
revenue bonds shall be insured or
guaranteed- by anl' agency of the
Un tdStotesJcor shl r secured by "*'
eaeposlr'yo lenan institufion o
proved collaterall bligations In an'
amount sufficient tooy theprincipal
and interest of such loons. No state
housing agency established by law
shall make mortgage loans directly
to any mortgagor
(c) No revenue bonds shall be is-
sued unless a state, fiscal agency,
designated by law, has made a deter-
mination that in no state fiscal year
will the debt service requirements of
the bonds proposed to be issued and
all other bonds secured by the same
pledged revenlyes exceed the pledged
revenues available tor payment of.
such debt service requirement.
SECTION. 17. Redevelopment of
slum or blighted areas.-Redevelop-
ment of slum or blighted areas is a
public purpose, Pursuant to general
w passed by-two-thirds vote of the
membership of each house, a county
municipality, or authority created
pursuant to general or special low
may designate on oar as a slum or
blighted area nd, with respect to
suc area, may:
(0) Provide for the redevelopment
of such area for residential, recrea-
tional, commercial, or industrial
S Ac by eminent domain or
otherwise, or purposes-of redevelop-
ment, property located-in such area;
(c) Sell or transfer property ac-
quired in such area 0o any private
person or public entity; and
_dLAllocate tafox increments to fi-
nance or refinance the redevelop-
ment of such area andissue, without
approval by vote of the electors,
revenue bonds payable from the in-
crement in taxes or revenues de-
rived from redevelopment projects to
finance or refinance such redevelop-
ment. A tax increment shall consist
of that portion of the ad volorem tax
revenues, for any or all foxing au-
thorities, collected each year from
property located in a designated
slum or blighted area, which exceeds
the fox revenues that would have
been collected ofat the current year's
millage hod such property been as-
sessed at its volue shown on the as-
sessment roIl in the year immediate-
ly prior to the year in which the area
was designate as a slum or blighted
SECTION 11 10r Rules of construc-
tion.-Unless qualified inthe text the
following rules of construction shall
apply to this constitution.
(h) The term "historirC property"
in Article VII, Section 4 (h) (?) refers
only to those loca ions fhaf meet the
criteria for lisin9 in the National
Register of H;10thc Places in effect
on January 1, l97j.
SECTION 1 System of public
Log) Adequate provision shall be
made by law for o uniformnsystem of
free public schools and for the estab-
lishment, maintenance and operqjaon
of institutions of higher learning "and
ottler public education programs that
the needs of the People may require.
(b) The primary purpose of
elementary and secondary education
in this. state shall be to develwfoie
ability of each student to read, com-
municate and compute and to pro-
d on opportunify for vocational
training. By general low, provision
may be made for special instruction
fo aid disadvan aged studensil with
special learning needs.
SECTION 2. State board of educa-
() Ther shall b The-eyernor

eemtitute a stole board ol educatiPn,
which shall be a body corplrote and
have the responsibility for le man-
pgement, supervision, and c.-rdina-
foqn of the state system
education as prescribed bYpow and
nof inconsistent with the prions o of
Article IX, section such- on
(b) The board shoall nsi f ine
lectors, who sh be oppnted y
the governor and confirmed f b he
note for stoggered slx-yeao terms.
Te governor shall desi e
member as chairperson w tishoal
serve In such capocity at th Pea-
sure of the governor,
(c) In the event the constitfitonol
office of elected commissioner
education Is abolished, theg
shall Oppalnt a commissar 'of
education wo sho s serve ti
pleasure of the board,
(d) The commissioner of ed nation
OhfiO arinlister tile board's cles
pn TVes; mo, fhg edu lign
progrm un.er tnojurisf action the
board; a perform such oth
Sd e Sxers s.ch powers or
Schedule to Article IX, Sectlo .
(0) The trms of the 9r inpa
membrof te stt oord of
Bln tP" expire as oows:

The Gulf County School
Board met in regular session
July 11 with the following
members present: Waylon
Graham, Chairman; Gene
Raffield: Paul Sewell: Fred
Greer: and J.K. Whtifield.
The Superintendent and Di-
rector of Administrative Af-
fairs were present.
The meeting was opened
with the invocation by Sewell,
and followed by the Pledge of
On motion and second, all
voted YES to approve the
minutes of June 7, 1978.
Ms. Martha Davis met with
the board to discuss her status
as a lunchroom worker at the
Wewahitchka Elementary
On recommendation of the
Superintendent, motion and
second, the board unanimous-
ly approved the following
personnel matters:
County Office: approve the
transfer of Jean Stebel to
Finance Office, accept resig-
nation of Ruby Sanders effec-
tive September 30, 1978, ac-
cept resignation of Cindy
Brown from Staff Develop-
ment Center effective July 7,
Wewahitchka High School:
accept resignation of Jerry
Tanton as teacher:
Wewahitchka Elementary
School: accept the resignation
of Joilyn Tanton as teacher:
Port St. Joe High School;
accept resignation of Elaine
Peters effective at beginning
of 1978-79 school year, appoint
James Mazur as Naval
Science Instructor for the
1978-79 school year, transfer
Martha Sanborn to teaching
position at Port St. Joe High
School for the 1978-79 school

1. The terms of three members
shall expire on January 1, 1951;
2. The terms of three members
shall expire on January 1, 193; and .
3. The terms of three members
shall expire on January 1, 1985.
(b) In the event the revision to Ar-
ticle IV, Section 4, 1belishing the
cabinet, is adopted at the 1978 gener-
al election the commissioner 9f
education elected In November 1975
shall on the effective date of thi con-
stitution also become one of the
members and chairperson of the
board or oa term of four years, and
shall, .n addition, hove the powers
and duties of the commissioner of
education provided in this section un-
til a new commissioner Is appointed
by the board. The appointee of the
board shall be known as the director
ot education until the .term 'of' the "
elected commission ends ,;, '. i
Tc) "until changed b" TWw' a dtex-''
cept as otherwise proVided inthis Odr'
file the state board of education
shall continue to have the powers
duties, and responsibilities granted
the state board of education estab-
lished under Article IX Section 2 in
effect on the date of adoption of this
SECTION 3. Terms of appointive
board members.-Members of any
appointive board dealing with educa-
tion may serve terms in excess of
' four years as provided by low.
SECTION 4. School districts;
school boards.-
(a) Each county shall constitute a
school district; provided, two or
more contiguous counties, upon vote
of the electors of each county pur-
suont to law, may be combined into
one school district. In each school
district there shall be a school board.
composed of five or more members.
chosen by vote of the electors for ap-
propriately staggered terms of four
years, as provided by low.
(b) The school board shall operate,
control and supervise all free public
schools within the school district and
determine the rate of school district
taxes within the limits prescribed
herein. Two or more school districts
may operate and finance joint educa-
tional programs.
SECTION 5. Superintendent ofat
schools.-In each school district
there shall be a superintendent of
schools. He shall be elected at the
general election in each year the
number of which is a multiple of four
for a term of four years; or, when
provided by resolution of the district
school board, or by special laow, ap-
proved by vote of the electors, the
district school superintendent in any
school district shall be employed by
the district school board as provided
by general .aw. The resolution or
special low may be rescinded or
repealed by either procedure after
tour years.
SECTION 6. State school fund.-
The income derived from the state
school fund shall, and the principal of
the fund may, be appropriated, but
only to the support and maintenance
of free public schools.
SECTION 7. State university sys-
J There shall be a single state
universiWy system comprised of all
p Tuic four-year, upper level and,
0ro-duaTe institutions 9f higher learn-
in.ah77Te jfate university system shan
be governed b r fq reents.
(b) The board of regents shall
operate, regulate, control, and be ful-
ly responsible for the management of
the stale unimvrsity system, subject
to the overall coordminative respon-
sibilities of the state board of educa-
tion and subject to general law, ex-
cept on matters relating exclusively
to the educational policy of the stole
university system.
(cu The board if regents shall be a
body corporatecmp oedof nine
mnmers. 'ght r members shand
serve Tgg gered six-year terms, and
one member shall serve o two-year
term- .Th- euolrficattons of -te .
member serving a two-year term
s'hFllb provided by Ipw. The
nemabers of the board of regents
shall be appointed by the vernor
iicT To coQnfrmation by _he sen
Schedule to Article e .
in office on the date this revision
becomes effective shall continue in
office until their terms end due to
dea removoT, r signotion, succes-
son to another office or their terms
expire The person appointed to the
firsT" vacancy occurring ofter August
31, 1979 shall be appointed to serve
the two-year term provided for in
this section.
Art. X. S15, Flo. Const., Is created
to read:
CASINO GAMBLING: The operation
of state regulated privately owned
gambling casinos is hereby author-
ized only within the following limited
That area of Dode and Broward
Counties, Florida, bounded on the
East by the Atlantic Ocean; on the
West by the centerline of State Road
A1A as designated on March 1, 1978
to the centerline of 5th Street (U.S.
#41) and also bounded on the West
by the centerline of Collins Avenue
from its intersection with 5th Street
Southerly to Biscoyne Street and the
Southerly prolongation of the center-
line of Collins Avenue to en Intersec-
tion with the centerline of Govern-
ment Cut; bounded on the South by
the centerline of Government Cut;
and bounded on the North by the
North line of Lot 1. 'Block 14,
BEVERLY BEACH, according to the
Plot thereof recorded in Plat Book
22, Page 13, Broward County
Taxes upon the operation of the
gambling casinos shall be collected

by the State and appropriated to the
several counties, school districts and
municipalities for the support and
maintenance of the free public
schools and local low enforcement.

year: ,
Port St. Joe Elementary
School: appoint Rose King as
Title I Aide for the summer.
appoint Denise Williams to
Title I summer teaching posi-
tion. appoint Joanne Freeman
to Title I Aide for summer
program, appoint Jacque
Price as Assistant Principal:
appoint Nan Parker Adkison,
Vic N. Adkison and Joni
Gilbert to teaching positions
for the 1978-79 school year:
Wewahitchka Elementary
School: appoint the following
to non-instructional positions
for the 1978-79 school year:
Sandra Pridgeon. Mae Mur-
phy, Debbie Barnes, Alane
Redd, Veronica Carter, Cyn-
thia Traylor, Betty Gainous,
Merle Jones, Parsy McDaniel,
Claudice Baxley, Isatora
Blackshire. (TMR ) Program,
Highland View Elementary
School: appoint Ann Hardy as
On recommendation of the
Superintendent, motion and
second, all voted YES to
approve student matters as
approve request -of Teresa
Nichols to enter Judson Col-
lege under the early admis-
sion program,
approve request that Adam
Cantley and Ramona Cantley
to attend Highland View
Elementary School.
On motion and second, 'all
voted YES to approve the
Exceptional Student Program
as presented by the Superin-
tendent. Copies are on file in
the County Office.
The board was requested by
the County Commission to be
the prime supervisor over the.
Gulf County Community Ser-
vices Program. The Superin-
tendent was directed to con-
tact all contributing agencies
in order to establish positive
clarification on the matter.
The matter will be discussed
at the next regular meeting.
The board discussed 'the
bids on bleachers for the,
Wewahitchka High School.
The board authorized the Su-
perintendent to choose the
lowest and best bid.
Will seek workers to replace
CETA workers now under
CETA for replacement when
the program is phased out in
Frank Barnes. pre.enated a-
follo' up study of students
regarding the school pro-
grams and exit interviews.
Distributed forms reflecting
vocational education class
costs with regard to phasing
out some of the programs
and-or combining programs;
Distributed individual cost
center budgets to board mem-
The board discussed a board
policy whereby no Principal's
wife shall teach in the.same
school center. Motion was
made and seconded to rescind
this policy and handle each
case on an individual basis.
All voted YES.

The Gulf County School
Board met in special session
on July 20, 1978 with the
following members present:
Waylon Graham, Chairman;
J.K. Whitfield, Gene Raffield.
Board members Greer and
Sewell were absent.
The Superintendent and Di-
rector of Administrative Af-
fairs were present.
On recommendation of the
Superintendent, motion and
second, the board unanimous-
ly approved an Agreement
with the Gulf County Guidance
Clinic pertaining to the Excep-
tional Child Educational Pro-
gram. This program iis a
contractual aggengement for
education of emotionally dis-
.turbed students.
On recommendation of the
Superintendent, motion and
second, all voted YES to the
following personnel matters:
Port St. Joe High School,
appoint Reva Lane as Admin-
istrative Aide; appoint Tho-
mas Harris as Art Teacher,
Carmena Fennell as P.E.
teacher. Beverly Rich as
Guidance Director, Wayne
Stevens as Mathematics
teacher, Virginia Harrison as
English teacher and Jerry
Rich as Science teacher.
The board reviewed bids on
the renovation of St. Joe
Elementary School from J.
Kinson Cook. J.B. Jinks Con-
struction Co.. Griffin Con-
struction Co.. and Kolmetz
Construction Co. These bids
will be discussed at a special
meeting July 24. 1978. Copies
are on file in the Superinten-
dent's office.
The board accepted the low
and best bid of Alum-A-Pro-
ducts Company on Bleachers
for the Wewahitchka Football
Field. This bid is in the
amount of $15.383.00. Copies
are on file in the Superinten-
dent's office.
There being no further busi-
ness, the board adjourned to
meet again August 8, 1978 at
5:30 p.m.

following member present:
Wavlon Graham. (.C airman:
Gene haffield. Paul Sewell
and J.K. Whitfield..
Board member. Greer was
The Superintendent and Di-
rector of Administrative Af-
fairs were present.
Bids 'on renovation of Port
St.aJoe Elementary School
were examined. On motion by
Raffield and second by Sewell,
the board approved the low
and best bid of Kolmetz Con-
struction Company with Gra-
ham.,Sewell and Raffield vot-
ing AEA and Whitfield voting
NAY. This bid was in the
amount of $130.355.00 includ-
ing alternated. Copies of all
bids are on file in the Superin-
tendent's office.
There being no further busi-
ness, the board adjourned to
meet again in regular session
on August 8, 1978 at 5:30 p.m.

Art Show Set

for November

The third annual fall arts
and crafts show sponsored by
the Panama Art Association
will be held on November 4th
and 5th at the Municipal
Auditorium' on the Panama
City Marina. Area artists and
craftsmen are cordially invi-
ted' to participate in this
exciting event.
As this show is for the
purpose of offering to the
public the opportunity to buy
original arts and crafts for
Christmas, there will be no
judges, prizes, or awards.
Commercial or art-craft
groups, clubs and-or 'guilds
will not be eligible.
The deadline for registra-
tion is October 3rd. For entry
blanks and complete informa-
tion contact: Marie H. Brush-
er, 1916 Drake Avenue, Pana-
ma City, Florida 32405.

THE STAR. Port St. Joe, Fla. THURSDAY. AUGUST 31, 1978



of the

Board of Public Instruction

Have you been looking for a
trip a little out of the ordina-
ry? An adventure that only a
few can experience?
The monthly spelunking
tour at Florida Caverns State
Park., near Marianna. Tay be
just the trip you are looking
for. Saturday. September 9.
an expedition of cave explor-
ers known as spelunkers will
penetrate a portion of Miller's
Cave deep under the luch
north Florida forest.
The group will be limited to
12 persons who will begin their
tour with an orientation. ses-
sion at the park's visitors
center. The spelunkers then go
underground for a two-hour.'
tour of the undeveloped cav-
'.'The trip involves crawling
on hands and knees and
squeezing through narrow
passages on your stomach at
times," explained Ranger Ro-
bert DeGroot. acting tour
guide. "Because some por-
tions of the trip are strenuous
anyone who is not in good
health should not attempt the
tour," he warned.
Reservations for the tour
can be made by calling Flor-
ida Caverns State Park at
(904) 482-3632. A fee of $1.56 is
charged. Prior to the tour, a
"waiver of responsibility"
form must be filled out. 'Voung
persons 12 to 18 years old must
be accompanied by an adult
responsible for their conduct
and safety.

Persons taking the tour
must have a flashlight,.prefer-
ably a battery powered head-
lamp, and sturdy rubber-soled
shoes. A hard hat also is
recommended. Since clothing
will become soiled, a complete
change of clothes is suggested.

Photography is permitted
but not recommended, as the
equipment could becoine

TOPS ---- ,' :

from the -

Florida's Finest Spiny Lobster

One of the finest delicacies from the sea, the Florida spiny
lobster is best if it can be cooked from the "green" or raw
form. During the harvest season and shortly thereafter, the
spiny lobster is available as live or frozen green whole lob-
ster or frozen green lobster,tails. After the harvest season is
closed, most of the lobster is marketed as frozen cooked
whole lobster or cooked lobster tails. Lobster that is pur-
chased cooked is best if it is served cold, in salads, steamed
just long enough to heat, or cut into bite-sized pieces and
heated in a sauce. But take care not to further cook the meat.
The Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Marketing
and Extension Services, has tested many recipes for pre-
paring lobster and one of the simplest and best is the Baked
Stuffed Lobster. The secret of this recipe is to completely
cover the meat as well as filling the cavity with stuffing to
insure a. tender, moist delicacy.


2 live lobster (1 pound each) 12 cup grated Cheddar cheese
OR 2 tablespoons melted margarine or
2 frozen whole green lobster butter
(1 pound each) 1 tablespoon grated onion
112 cups soft bread crumbs Paprika

Thaw lobster if frozen. Cut lobster in half lengthwise.
Remove stomach and intestinal vein. Rinse and clean body
cavity thoroughly. Combine bread crumbs, cheese, butter
and onion. Place stuffing in body cavity and spread over
surface of the tail meat. Sprinkle with paprika. Place on a
baking pan, 15x10x1 inches. Bake in hot oven, 400 degrees F.,
for 15 to 20 minutes or until lightly browned. Makes 2 ser-
It is difficult to split a live lobster. Placing it in the freezer
for 20 to 30 minutes will make it easier to handle and clean
without harming the quality of the meat.

The Gulf. County School
Board met in special session
on July 24, 1978 with the

Looking for Unusual Trip?

Try Florida Caverns Park

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Chock Full-O-Nuts


$1 Lb
1 Lb. Can


limit 1 with $10 or more additional purchase

DTREN32o. $1




32 oz.