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The Syrian Lebanese star ( December 2008 )


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Each year, ACCESS takes the time to reflect onthe impact contributionsto the community and torecognize the hard work of exemplary community members. The celebrationtook place on May10,2008 at the Detroit After much planning, preparation andcommunity consultation,construction has begun ona brand new 32,050square foot facility that will become ACCESS' Youth & Family Services Center. From its location in the south end of Dearborn,the Center will bestrategically placed toserve youth throughout Dearborn's large and diverse Arab American community. The Centerwill also present a uniqueresource for thousandsmore youth throughoutthe metropolitan area. The Center was conceptualized in response to the rapidlygrowing demand for ACCESS' Youth &Education Department programs. This nationallyrecognized departmenthas come to servethousands of communitymembers through its willprovide a much-neededlocation to integrateACCESS' diverseprograms and services into a strong and effectivewhole. Most importantly, the Center will create aplethora of newopportunities for the morethan 3,200 youth under In late October 2007, Donald Hanna,D.D.S., chairman ofthe Federation'sKahlil GibranMemorialRestorationCommittee, andcommittee membersNorma Hanna and For years, Western governments paid littleheed to an Islamic organization called Hizb-ut Tahrir (HT, or Party ofLiberation) dedicated tosetting up a worldwidecaliphate, restoring thereligious and political (continued on page 10 For Mimi Bajalia, raising funds for Brad Celebrating 37 Years of Outstanding Service THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTAR ANINDEPENDENTMONTHLY SERVINGAMERICANSOFARABICHERITAGE Celebrating 45 Years of Service MEMBERARAB-AMERICANPRESSGUILD, AMERICANLEBANESECONGRESS ESTABLISHEDIN1963 $15.00 SUBSCRIPTIONwww.syrianlebanesestar.comXLVI#12DECEMBER2008 Syrian-Lebanese Star P .O. Box 5545 Jacksonville, FL 32247 ____________________Address Service Requested____________________ PRSRT STD U.S. POST AGE P AID CALLAHAN, FL PERMIT NO. 4 (continued on page 10 (continued on page 14 Construction Begins on Access Youth &Family Services Center (continued on page 11) Islams Secret Army?Hizb-ut Tahrir, the transnational party whose declared goal is to establish an Islamic superstate, is causing growing concern in capital cities around the world.Kahlil Gibran Memorial Restoration Committee Makes MajorInroads in Washington, D.C. (continued on page 9 Mimi Bajalia: Mission of Compassion for New Orleans Kay Kafe Grand Opening To All Our Readers & Advertisers From Our Staff Dr. Donald Hanna (left a Washington, D.C. reception in honor of Lebanon AmbassadorAntoine Chedid (right On June 19, Sterling Jewelers Inc. and St. Jude Chi! ren's ResearchHospital officially openedthe new Kay Kafe. The newcafeteria was funded by a $16 million gift from Sterling Jewelers. Amongthose celebrating the ribbon cutting were Marlo Thomas and Tony Thomas.

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Safia Wahidi and Paul Shirley, both ofJacksonville Beach, weremarried at 6 p.m. Fridayat the Casa Marina Hotel& Restaurant. Jackie and George Ossi celebrated their 50thwedding anniversary witha reception with familyand friends at San Jose Country Club. They weremarried Sept. 28,1958, in Baghdad Iraq.She is theformer Jackie Jazrawi. Their children are Raymond Ossi, NatalieCoutros and RichardOssi, all of Jacksonville;and Cindy Lodise ofPrinceton, N.J. The Ossis have eight grandchildren. Page 2THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008 Alison Dekle andConstandiShami weremarried at 3p.m. Saturday in St.EphremCatholic Church. The bride, daughter of Marilyn and Bob Lanier,Blairsville, Ga., and Jacksonville NewsWeddings Shami-Dekle 50th Wedding Anniversary (continued on page 11) The Ossis Best Wishes From M.J. SIMONREALESTATECONSULTANT904-356-2489 432 East Monroe Street Jacksonville, FL Afamily business serving Jacksonville for over 37 years www.tombush.com9850 Atlantic Blvd. Jacksonville, FL (9041 1 block east of Regency Square Mall We Serve the Best Cuban Dining Experience Available For Private, Corporate & Holiday Parties Get The Latin Flair Every Wednesday Live Latin Jazz & Wine Tasting Every Saturday Big Salsa Night Weekday Happy Hour 4-7 p.m. 399-0609 2578 Atlantic Blvd. Jacksonville, FL DINNERSERVIEDFROM5 PMMONDAYTHROUGHSATURDAYLUNCHTUESDAYTHROUGHFRIDAYFROM11:30 MONDAYTHROUGHSATURDAY Open Tues Sat. 4:30 Until (904223 South 9th Ave.Jacksonville Beach, Florida Breakfast Lunch Dinner New York Style Newly OpenedDaily Prepared Specials All Baking Done on Premises Great Late Night SnacksLocated in Jacksonville Beach(between Atlantic Ave. & Beach Blvd. corner of 3rd St. & 9th Ave.) DINNER, RAWBAR, DESSERT, WINE, COCKTAILSLocated in Avondale, Orsay is dedicated to craftsmanship, heritage, and thoughtful service in the French bistro tradition. The wine list has been carefully curated to compliment all of the dishes,raw bar to omlets, lobster pot pie to our unparalleled creme brulee, while the cocktails are crafted in the traditions of fine American bars and speakeasies. Laura Ashourian and Raja Saoud were marriedat 4 p.m. Saturday in St. George AntiochianOrthodox church. The bride, daughter of Saoud-Ashourian (continued on page 11) Shirley-Wahidi (continued on page 11)

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The Patriarchal Principle Western dominance in thought and practicemakes the Orthodox fearRome would try toassimilate them into the Western system, thuscausing the loss of theirwhole system, tradition, and identity. They respect the fact, however, that Westerners are entitled totheir own religiousmentality and customs as are the Easterners. The Orthodox are not convinced of the papal Once again we've had a tremendous year offundraising. Kudos to the greatest staff in America!This year more than $660million was raised inorder to support theresearch and treatment atSt. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Thisresult is not only due to a great and dedicated staff,but to devoted volunteersaround the country whocommit many hours oftheir lives to ensure that Danny Thomas' dreamstays alive. We had an incredible summit this June withemployees from NEO and all across the country. They received an update on our programs and astatus report on ourstrategic plan, and left Memphis energized andcommitted to meeting ourgoals for 2009. We also want to thank Joyce Aboussie, the retiring Chair of ALSAC,for an outstanding tenure in office. Under her caring leadership, ALSACenjoyed the greatestfundraising growth in its history. We give our best wishes to the newly elected ALSAC officers,who are Chair Richard C. What is the modern day Islamicfundamentalism andhow did it influenceMuslims? The Oxford Dictionary succinctlydefines fundamentalismas a Strict adherenceto traditional orthodoxtenets... opposed toliberalism andmodernism. Such adefinition might applyto the Christianfundamental movementin our modern daybecause it is basicallycharacterized byreligious motives.Nonetheless, Islamicfundamentalism is farmore complex, for itenshrines a number of religious themes and socio-politicaldiscontents, as we shallsee in the followinghistorical brief sketch. Perhaps the first vanguard of Islamicfundamentalism, andstill the most influential today, was Jamal AlDin Al Afghani(1838-1897). His call for thePan-Islamic unityagainst the imperial conquest of the West,particularly after theNapoleonic invasion ofEgypt in 1882, becamevery popular amongMuslims. He infusedreligious Islamicthemes in his politicalactivism, appealing to By Bassam M. Chedid Understanding Islam (Part 5 Page 3THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008 By Brother John Samaha, S.M. Understanding the Eastern Christian Church (continued on page 12 (continued on page 12 By John P. Moses www.taxesandmorebydotie.com Specializing in all Tax Return Preparation, Collection Issues, Liens, Levies & Searches, Installments, IRS Audits & Small Business Bookkeeping & Audits.6015 Morrow St. Suite 116 Jacksonville,FL32217 Lunch & Dinner Ask about Daily Specials Salmon Steaks Pork Chops Ahi Tuna Ask about our Signature Gingerbread Cheesecake Fernando Silveira Chef, Owner (904 1171 Edgewood Ave. Jacksonville, FL Come Visit Our Newly Remodeled Restaurant HappySafe Holidays!! Glorious Johnson Jacksonville City Council At-Large Group 5 Republican proven and dedicated public servant Thank you for your continued support. It does make a difference! (continued on page 12 Affordable Air 26 Years Experience! Specializing in Replacement of Existing Systems!Save with a new energy efficient unit Compressor replacement! Serving all of Jacksonville & Clay County State lic CAC42762 Jacksonville, Fl 904-771-0550 Family owned and operated by Kevin Bock. Mimi Strowbridge is his daughter as well as his accountant she is very friendly and takes good care of the business Kevin takes good care of all his customers. Everyone there has great work ethics and he has 26 years experience, which makes him well known for his honesty & intelligence. Satisfaction is guaranteed. Kevin advises you very well on saving money. Him and his daughter will take the time to explain any questions you have. Together they are a fantastic team! The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based solely upon advertisements. Before you decide ask us to send you free written information about our Qualifications and experience. www.jacksonvilledefense.com904-396-3335 1171Restaurant Lounge Catering

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Hamra Enterprises Announces New CEO Hamra Enterprises is pleased to announcethat, Michael K. Hamrahas been promoted toPresident and Chief Operating Officer ofHamra Enterprises.Mike previously served as President and COO of Boston Bread, LLCand Chicago Bread,LLC, which are paneraBread franchisesoperating under the Hamra organization. He has demonstrated strongleadership in buildingand operating PaneraBread franchise Page 4THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008 (continued on page 13 Julia Lalil Collins and Phyllis A. Joseph SPECIALS CHANGE DAILY BEER & WINE BEST QUARTER BUSHEL OF STEAMED OYSTERS AT THE BEACHES QUALITY FISH AND SHELLFISH PARTIES FOR ANYOCCASION OUR PLACE OR YOURS? Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers 218 First Street Neptune Beach 904-246-0881

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Great Gifts Personal Care Home Decor (904San Marco Square Jacksonville Harris TeeterCenter Amelia Island, FL THEWARDROOM, LTD. Page 5THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008 The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 45 years.MEMBERARAB-AMERICANPRESSGUILD The Syrian-Lebanese Star Publisher...A. M. Coplan Editor...Toni M. Kara For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545 Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904 Postmaster-send change of address to the above address Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to The Editor's Desk. 4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216 Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year

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household and its lords were given the nameMa'yoof, which meant"exempt," denotingexemption from paying taxes on their wealth and property, or tributes fromtheir flocks. The Ghassani The Maloof family origin has been traced to the Bani A1 Azad (theChildren of the Lion) clanof the tribe of Ghassan,who originated in the Yemen region of ancientArabia and migrated towhat is now the regionthat includes Lebanon,Syria, and Palestine,becoming rulers and chiefs of the lands they settled. The subsequentconquerors of the land-Romans, Greeks, etc.-rewarded the Ghassans'for their loyalty bymaking them guardiansand overseers of theregion, and, inrecognition of their ownabilities as conquerors,the royal Ghassani (continued on page 14 Page 6THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008JACKSONVILLE, FL Everyday Garage Sales Bargains Galore! Where: 1135 East 8th Street Tel: 904-305-2150 Dont miss $1 Wednesdays Friday & Saturday: 9am-7pm Come & See for yourself. There is something for everyone.Jacksonville,FL Jacksonville,FL CPA Over 35 Years of Experience Complete Client Confidentiality Gracious Independent Living...Superb amenities included in a month-tomonth rent with no leases orbuy-in fees! Delicious chef-prepared meals! 24 Hour Security. Fitness, parties, games, outings & more! Unlimited Transportation! Weekly housekeeping & linen service! And more! We comply with the Fair Housing Act Complimentary Lunch! Call or drop by! www.fivestarqualitycare.comLeisure Pointe (909 1371 Parkside Drive San Bernardino, CA92404 Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends and Customers Now Open 7 Days Take Out Orders Welcome 220-7665 12740 Atlantic Blvd. Jacksonville, FLAcross from Home Depot at Girvin Road FREEESTIMATES LICENSED&INSURED Gutter Cleaning Leaf Stopper Available 904-213-0100 904-759-8856 Orange Park, FL AAAPainting by Terry Lee Curtis Serving Jacksonville 25 Years Painting Drywall Repairs Pressure Washing Waterproofing Sandblasting Handyman Work Home Repairs Licensed & Insured Commercial & Residential We Use Sherwin Williams Paint Warranty Available904-262-5752Jacksonville, FL AmmarBeauty Supply Professional Hair and Nail Supplies Skin Care Cosmetics Fine Designer Perfumes Accessories Wigs Hair Extensions 223 W. King, St. Augustine 904829-6544 SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAYCOMESThe 2008-2009 Broadway in Jacksonville Season to featureBroadway's Biggest Blockbuster!! WICKED at the TIMES-UNION CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS April 23-May 10,2009Something WICKED is coming to Jacksonville with the announcement of the Broadway Across America-jacksonville/FCCJ Artist Series' amazing 2008-2009 season. Experience the best Broadway has to offer with two Tony Award-winning shows for the 2008-2009 season including AVENUE Q, FIDDLER ON THE ROOF, HAPPYDAYS, RIVERDANCE and WICKED. Schedule for Season: Avenue Q December 9-14,2008 Riverdance February 13-1 5.2009 Happy Days February 24-March 1,2009 Fiddler on the ~ o o f March 24-29,2008 Season Tickets on Sale now from $102.50-$265.40 for the Series: 1-904-632-3373, or 1-888-860-BWAY, or online at www.artistseries.fcci.org. Individual tickets can be purchased 6-8 weeks prior to opening night. ABrief History of Maloof Origin

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Page 7THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008JACKSONVILLE, FL

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How resilient is growth in Saudi Arabia to a global downturn? The energy rich kingdom,endowed with one-fifthof the world's proven oilreserves, is in the midstof an investment-ledboom that shows littleevidence of beingderailed by the creditcrunch and ensuingslowdown in western (OECD though a faltering USdollar is adding toinflationary pressures.Economic analyst MOINSIDDIQI examines thekingdom's uniquesituation. THE FOUNDATIONS OF current expansion inthe kingdom are muchstronger (unlike previous Salam Club, Miami With membership up and meeting attendancegrowing, members of theMiami Salam Club nominated their officersfor a second term.Nominated, and agreeing to serve were: AlbertShaheen, President; Ronald Isriel, Jr., VicePresident; Michal Lawrence, Second VicePreisdent; June M.Thomas, CorrespondingSecretary; Patty Lawrence, Recording Secretary; and CamilleGilbert, Financial Secretary. The Bzebdine Club The Bzebdine Club of New Orleans has beenreconstituted and hasjoined the Federation.Club members are thechildren andgrandchildren of the latepast president of SFSLAC Ellis Abide and his wife, Margaret Abide. (continued on page 19 Page 8THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008JACKSONVILLE, FL FAVORITE STUDIOS INC Making Jacksonville Smile Since 1963 Prompt Courteous Service Executive Headshots Shoot Retouch Prints CD E-Mail Product Photography For Brochure & Internet Family Children Pets Grandchildren Wedding, Event Packages Restoring Old Photos Passport PhotosMember BBB Womans Business Owners of N FL Major Cards Accepted 904-399-5799 Jacksonville, FL Name Brands with Competitive Pricing!We Beat Home Improvement Center Prices! Furniture Quality Wood Shutters Hunter Douglas Factory Direct Bonded, Licensed and Insured Major Credit Cards Accepted(904Jacksonville,FL Federation Club News: Florida and Louisiana Saudi Arabia: Bucking the global trend?

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authority through which the Ottoman sultans ruled anempire that stretched from Europe to Asia for morethan 500 years. Even though this secretive, highlydisciplined Sunni Muslim organization espousesoverthrowing the governments of Arab andAsian states, as doesOsama bin Laden, who also calls for the return of a caliphate based on Islamic religious Shari'ah law, HTwas not seen as a particular threat in the West. But thesedays, bolstered by the belief that following 9/11 the West has declared war onIslam, the transnationalparty is increasingly seen inmany quarters as theideological vanguard ofradical Sunni Islam. Hizb-ut Tahrir professes to be non-violent, but its Secret Army (continued from page 1 (continued on page 15 Page 9THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008JACKSONVILLE, FL AMERICANELECTRICAL CONTRACTING, Inc. Residential Commerical Military WorkWired Right At A Fair Price(904 www.american-electrical.com Lic. #ER0015316 Jacksonville, FL Your Childs Safety Is Our #1 Concern Removable Mesh Pool Fence RESIDENTIALCOMMERCIAL SWIMMING POOLS DOCKS / PATIOS PLAYGROUNDS STOREFRONTS Best Warranty In The Industry Many Colors Available Removable In Minutes 4ft and 5ft Height Available All Poles Reinforced 904-288-0550 BABY GUARD POOL SERVICE OFNORTHEAST FLORIDA WE NEVER LET OUR GUARD DOWN Licensed & Insured Major Credit Cards Accepted JACKSONVILLE, FL Custom Embroidery Banners Signs Monogramming Custom Vinyl Screen Printing Transfers Vehicle & Boat Graphics Plaques & Trophies Gifts Please Mention Ad When Shopping (904 Shop at Village Square Across from Fleming Island High School Orange Park, FL Logo X-Press Professional Cat Photography FelineFoto.comPhotos for: Advertising Calendars Magazines Websites Personal Portrait of your beloved feline Sally Cowan She is the one to call MERRYCHRISTMAS!Set up a photo session with your special four-legged companion. Please Mention This Ad for 10% Discount904-377-5586 3873 Hickory Lane, St. Augustine, FL Gutters Downspouts Cleaning Repairs Installation on Any Rain Gutter System (904 Mention This Ad for 10% Discount www.aagutterservices.com 8930 Western Way #14 Jacksonville, FL AAGutter Services Inc. EXPIRES: 1/31/2009 Jacksonville,FL M&S Marine Repair We Service Boats, Motors & Trailers Over 40 Years Experience 904-384-8544 2408 Lakeshore Blvd. Jacksonville, FL

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members: Russell Ebeid, Ismael Ahmed, andCongressman John Dingell. These are threemen who have devoted their lives to serving the community. The first ever "Making an Impact" awiard went toRussell Ebeid for his philanthropic efforts within the Arab American community. ACCESS co-founder and former executive director, Ismael Ahmed, received the Arab American of the Year Award for his years ofdedicated service to the local and national ArabAmerican communities.The program concludedwith a special tribute to.Congressman JohnDingell for his dedication Marriott Renaissance Center, with a diversegroup of community members, dignitaries, and leaders. This year, ACCESS proudly honored threeoutstanding community Service (continued from page 1 (continued on page 15 Page 10THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008JACKSONVILLEBEACHES, FL 725 Atlantic Blvd.Suite 6 Atlantic Beach,FL904.372.4105 Special $10. $10. 99 99 or $2.00 off any Package Car Wash with this Ad Locally Owned! 835 Atlantic Blvd Atlantic Beach In The Publix Shopping Center 249-2844 11 Happy Holidays & Best Wishes To All Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers Jax Beach, FL Jacksonville Beach Church of Christ Nothing brings a family together more than attending church together. Jacksonville Beach Church of Christ is a church where the Bible is taught. You may worship with your family and friends at Jacksonville Beach Church of Christ every Sunday. Adultsand children may attend Sunday School services at 9:30a.m. to participate in a Christian educational experience:Sunday worship services are held at 10:30 a.m. Nurseryservices are provided too. 422 N. 5th Ave., in Jacksonville Beach, FL904-246-2457 the age of 24 who live within a one-mile radiusof our location. At a cost of $4.3 million, this new facilitywill provide ample spaceto facilitate students'academic, recreational,social and artisticdevelopment. Specifically, the Centerwill include newconstruction of 18,632 sq.ft. dedicated to youth programs and community gathering spaces. In addition, 13,418 sq. ft. of renovations willhouse improved,streamlined space for ourSocial Services andNational Outreachprograms as well as administrative offices.This will allow us toincorporate youthdevelopment in the samelocation as family supportand civic engagement. Access (continued from page 1 (continued on page 15

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William Nordin, Jacksonville, graduatedfrom Bishop Kenny HighSchool and the Universityof North Florida. The groom, son of Mouna and Mike Khouryand Marlene and EliasShami, all ofJacksonville, graduatedfrom Bishop Kenny High School, Johnson & WalesUniversity and theUniversity of Central The bride, daughter of Angie and Shahid Wahidi,Jacksonville, graduatedfrom Sandalwood HighSchool, Florida StateUniversity and the FloridaInstitute of Ultrasound.She is employed byBaptist Beaches MedicalCenter as an ultrasoundtechnician. The groom, son of Pamela and Gary Wetherhold, JacksonvilleBeach, and Candy and Paul Shirley,Jacksonville, graduated from Douglas Anderson School of the Arts and is employed by Twisted Martini as a bartender. Jane11 Markle was the matron of honor, and George Georgallis wasthe best man. Following a trip to Hawaii, the couple willlive in JacksonvilleBeach. Robin Ashourian and Elaine and MikeAshourian, graduatedfrom the University ofSouth Carolina and is employed by AshProperties Inc. The groom' son of Hikmat and EdmondSaoud graduated from the University of Florida and is employed by the Stellar Group as a director. The bride's sister, Ashley Ashourian, was the maid of honor. The groom's brother, Joe Saoud' was the bestman. Following a trip to Fiji, the couple will live inJacksonville. Pitt's Make It Right home-building project inNew Orleans is both anact of compassion and anexpression of culturalpride. That's why she is calling her effort to raise$150,000 by the end of 2010 The House ThatPalestinians Built. Bajalia, whose maiden name is Salameh, wasborn in the United States,but she spent much of herchildhood in Ramallah,where her father was bornand most of her mother'sfamily still lives, including 16 of her first cousins. According to the Web site of the AmericanFederation of Ramallah,Palestine, there are nowabout 30,000 Palestinian Christians in Americawho can trace their familyorigins to the town. ian Christians in America who can tracetheir family origins to thetown. Bajalia met her future husband, Mousa, at anannual convention for Ramallah Americans. When she moved to Jacksonville in 2000,Bajalia joined a Bajalia (continued from page 1 Saoud (continued from page 2 (continued on page 15 Page 11THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008FLORIDA Please Mention Ad When Calling1233 Miccouskee Road Tallahassee, FL32308 PETBOARDING ALLBREED PETGROOMING Member of Better Business Bureau www.academykennels.com Miami, FL Leah Hunter COLORSPECIALIST Rachel MergenerOWNER/LEADSTYLISTKathy ThibodeauNAILTECHNICIANCrissie HodgeNAILTECHNICIANShannon McCormickSPECIALIST/STYLISTAlex PatakMASSAGETHERAPYAlexa EcklerAESTHETICIAN Ormond Beach, FL JOHN CUSTOM TAILORING EXPERTALTERATIONS MEN & LADIES WEAVING & MONOGRAM (305 7221 SW57th Ct.South Miami, FL Insured Bonded Screened Established 1984MEDICARE CERTIFIED RNCare Management Medication Administration Private Duty Care Staff ReliefHome Hospital Nursing HomeRNs LPNs HHAsOffice in Orlando, Palm Beach and Delray Beach to Serve You Visit our website: www.homehealthlcs.comFREEINHOMEConsultation by R.N. Please Mention Ad When Calling. Shirley (continued from page 2 Shami (continued from page 2 (continued on page 16

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the growing resentment against foreigndomination. He alsocalled for overthrow ofrulers who aresubmissive to foreign power. Another influential fundamentalist is HasanAl-Banna (1906-1949He was influenced by Al Afghanis thought. However, he founded anew movement inEgypt, still in operation today, named: TheSociety of MuslimBrethren, it becamethe first modern strictand militantfundamentalist movement. They engaged in a series of assassinationsincluding none-Muslims and Judges,plus an attempt on the life of Egypts president, Jamal Abdul Nasser. Al-Bannahimself was killed, andAbdul Nassersuppressed the Societyof Muslim Brethren ruthlessly. They continued, however, tooperate in Egypt andother countries in theMiddle East. One more extremist and combative leader inEgypt was Sayyed Qutb. After the death ofAl-Banna, he assumedthe leadership role and declarations made time and again that theCatholic Church has nointention of changingEastern tradition. For thefacts indicate otherwise. This statement of Pope Pius XI1 exemplifies theearnestness of papalintent: Each and everypeople of the EasternChurch should enjoylegitimate freedom in allmatters pertaining to their history, their special bent, and their character. ... Allmay rest completelyassured that they willnever be forced to changetheir own rites andancient institutions forLatin rites andinstitutions. Both shouldbe held in equal cstccmand honor because theysurround our commonMother the Church with a regal diversity. Evcnmore, in keeping intactand inviolable what many regard as ancient and precious, this diversity ofrites and institutions is notin any way opposed to true and sincere unity On the opposite side of the question, LatinCatholics balk at thepatriarchal principle oflocal, self-governingchurches -a point ofmajor consequence with the East. Undoubtedly,theological issuesbetween Catholicism andOrthodoxy are, in theabstract, more important.But in the concrete, thepatriarchal principle isequally important to Eastern Orthodoxy.Governance is the uppermost concern. This is the crux of the matter. The Orthodox Church in Greece is not apartiarchate, but it isautocephalous. It ispatriarchal in fact but not in name. With the Russianchurch, it is the most Shadyac, Jr.; First Vice Chair Camille F. Sarrouf, Jr. and Second Vice Chair TZaydon. The new St. Jude officers are Chair Camille F. Sai Sr.; First Vice Chair Dr. Steve Tamer and Second Vice Dr. RobertBreit. We are sure that under their leadership, bothALSAC and St. JudeChildren's ResearchHospital will continue togrow and meet the needsof the sickest children inthe world. It has also been a very busy summer for all of our fundraisers. In July, the AutoZone LibertyBowl held a golftournament honoring its 50th anniversary. Footballcelebrities from the lastfive decades attended theevent and heard themessage of St. JudeChildren's ResearchHospital. Once again, our friends at ESAdid aremarkable job at raisingmore than $10 million! Iattended their conventionand assured them of ourthanks and appreciationfor their continued dedication to our mission. Kappa Alpha Psi continues to be one of ourstrongest new partners.This great fraternity hasraised more than$378,000 this year alonefor the children of St.Jude, far surpassing theirgoal of $100,000! Iattended the Southeastern Convention in Atlanta andwelcomed them as truemembers of the St. Jude family. Once again, the Run from Memphis to Peoria was a great success. Thisgroup of committedvolunteers has constantlyshowed their devotion tothe children of St. Jude. Each year, theirfundraising continues to grow. We welcome two new members to the ALSACBoard of Directors andthe St. Jude Board of Governors. They are Dr. Christopher George of Tampa, Fla., and SheriffMike McCoy of Peoria,Il. I hope you had a wonderful summer. Welook forward to continuing our efforts tofinding cures and savingchildren. Truly Yours (continued from page 3 Church (continued from page 3 (continued on page 16 Page 12THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008FLORIDA/GEORGIA Roberson Day Care912-496-3620 Locally Owned and Operated Proudly Serving This Area For Over 16 Years13 Milton St. Folkston, GA Complete Service & Repair Master Technicians Factory Parts Friendly & Knowledgeable 1 Block From Chamblee Marta Station 770-457-9991 4185 Clairmont Rd. Chamblee, GA30041 www.toyotechs.com 10% Off With This Ad For the Independent Practice of Shatha Atiya, Psy.DLicensed Clinical Psychologist Provide Individual, Couple, Family and Group Counseling for Adults, Adolescents, and Children as well as Psychological, Forensic, and Academic evaluations. Phone: (954fice: (954 Fax: (954184 E-mail: shatha.ativa@yahoo.com Fort Lauderdale, FLDr. Shatha says confidentially guaranteed is of the upmost importance. Dr Shatha is from Iraq she was married at 17 to a prominent Physician from Iraq they moved here and had four children. She changed her life and is now a single woman. She said people get married without the knowledge of communication skills, which she teaches. Her determination along with her positive personality gave her credentials from the University Graduating with a Doctors Degree. She supports abused women in our community as well as contributes to education. She empowers and encourages women to be independent in third world countries and the U.S. She speaks in Arabic and English. She is a very gifted women and changes your life. Islam (continued from page 3 (continued on page 16 HomeSmart Central Home Theater Surround Sound Computer Networking Conference Rooms Phone Systems Surveillance Intercom Dealer Direct Pricing Free Estimates with Mention of Ad(941T(365-7627www.homesmartcentral.com Sarasota, FL Custom Electronics Professionals

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D.C. This award was presented to Phyllis A.Joseph, the President ofthe National Federation. The Midwest Federation presented their Woman of the Year Award to Julia Collinsin recognition of her efforts in writing manyletters to the UnitedStates Department ofParks to clean up andattend to the KahlilGibran MemorialGarden. Julia and her husband, the late Paul V.Collins, attended manyConventions of theMidwest Federation inaddition to theirmembership in theSouthern Federation andtheir attendance at theSouthern FederationConventions. organizations in Boston and Chicago and I'mvery proud of him for allthat he hasaccomplished. Hisrecord of exceedingdevelopmentcommitments andbreaking nationaloperating records placeshim in unique categoryof leaders in the restaurant industrysays Sam Hamra,founder and CEO ofHamra Enterprises. In his new position Mike will oversee all ofHarnra Enterprisesrestaurants, hotels andreal estate projects.Hamra Enterprises isheadquartered inSpringfield, MO andincludes fivecompanies, with 300employees in fourstates. Mike is a member of the Harnra-Homra Club. Barbara Aide Shaheen Student After she was honored as one of five distinguished women in twenty-two Georgiacounties -the only onewithout a college degree -Barbara Aide Shaheenreturned to college.Now a student ofAmerican Literature andArt, she is on the Dean'sList. The Midwest Federation The Midwest Federation of AmericanSyrian Lebanese clubshonored two people wesee at our SouthernFederation Conventions. The Midwest Foundation presented their Club of the Year Award to the NationalFederation of Syrian Lebanese AmericanClubs in recognition of the National's efforts tofurther knowledge ofand recognition of our heritage by promoting a UnitedStates Postal Stamp inhonor of Kahlil Gibran,and by exploring themeans to restore theKahlil Gibran Memorial Garden in Washington, Grapevine (continued from page 4 Page 13THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008CHARLESTON, SOUTHCAROLINA The management & staff wishes all our Arabaic Friends & Customers a Happy Holiday Season The Ultimate In Historical Elegance At The Market Square Charlestons French Quarter 50 Elegantly Appointed Rooms Wine &Cheese Reception Silver Service Breakfast Turn Down Service Valet Parking www.fqicharleston.com 843-722-1900 866-812-1900 toll free 166 Church St. Charleston, SC Plates of passionate color and extraordinary flavors inspire sharing at TRISTAN, where Charlestons boldest menu is served up in a sleek, metropolitan dining room of curved glass and light. Join us and bring friends. Now offering beautiful flavors for events priviate dining, meeting and terrace spaces available. DINNER: 5:30pm to 10pm (until 11pm Friday & Saturday) LUNCH: 11:30am-2:30pm SUNDAYBRUNCH: 11am to 2:30pm BARopens at 11:30am55 Market Street 843-534-2155 www.tristandining.com INGREDIENTSOFTHEPRIMEFILETMIGNON, ARRANGEDBYCHEFCIARANDUFFY (with shropeshire blue cheese potato gratin, sauteed brussel sprout leaves, a carmetlized onion jus with a point reyes cheese sauce) Saffron Bakery & Cafe Voted Best Bakery in Charleston Specializing in Mediterranean Cuisine Mediterranean groceries & breads Call for Daily Specials 333 E. Bay St. 843-722-5588 Charleston, SC (continued on page 17

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Albert Johary, M. D. were in Washington,D. C to gatherinformation neededto devise a strategyfor the fulfillment ofthe committee'smission: to reversethe damage to themeditation garden,which in recent yearshad fallen intodisrepair due to alack of maintenanceexpenditures by theNational ParkService. The Hannas and Johary were joined in Washington andaccompanied to thememorial site,located in RockCreek Park, byBrittany Bennett,Director ofAdministration ofthe Bryan J. and JuneB. Zwan Foundation,and local Federation members Ruth Ann Skaff, Michelle Forzley, Michael Baroody, and HelenHatab-Samhan.There they happenedupon several peoplewho related to them how Gibranswritings hadinfluenced theirlives; one couple hadeven woven timelesswords of Gibran intotheir wedding vows. Robert Tilson, of Ma'yoofs ruled the areas frimo ca. 37 to 537 ad,becoming some of thefirst Christian kings of the region. In 244, AmyresQays, son of a Ghassanichief, ascended to theRoman throne and tookthe title of EmperorMarqus Julius FeyrusPhilippus, and becameknown as "Philip theArab." Members of theemperor's clan continuedto be known as theGhassani Ma'yoof, evenduring the rule of theRasheedi Caliphs, and theAmawis and Omayadconquerors, who allowedthem to pursue their ownway of life unfettered. However, when the Persian-supported Abbaasi nation came to power, the Ghassani werenot spared from the fate of other Arabs of influence. They, too, were stripped of their noble titles. Also, the Abbaasi chief beganto tax the Ma'yoofs, and, to add insult to injury,changed their name toMa'loof, connoting thosealready fattened or wellfed. In spite of these reversals, the Ma'looffamily grew andprospered, becoming sopopulous that it wasconfusing to identify anindividual without usingthe name of the father as amiddle name. In spite of these reversals, the Malooffamily grew andprospered, becoming so Maloof (continued from page 6 Gibran (continued from page 1 (continued on page 17 Page 14THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008CHARLESTON, SOUTHCAROLINA HOLIDAYGREETINGS! VISITMASSIMILIANOSARROCCHI ATPANEeVINO OLDSCHOOLITALIANCUISINEWINE, CHEESE& CUCINAMEDITERRANEATASTEOURFOODSMADE INTHETRADITIONALWAYNATASHAHERRONSARROCCHI, OWNER. 843-853-5955 17 WARRENST. CHARLESTON, SC MISTRAL ISTRALISTRAL RESTAURANT Enjoy French Cuisine in a Casual and Elegant Dining Atmosphere. Live Jazz and Blues New Banquet Facilities 722-5708 99 S. Market St. Charleston, SC 192 KINGST.CHARLESTON, SC 843.722.0006 (continued on page 18 Historic Elegance In Downtown Charleston Charlestons most elegant historic inn, adjacent to Waterfront Park, located in the French Quarter section of the Historic District, Sixty-five elegant quest rooms and suites, individually decorated with 18th century style furnishings, oriental rugs and antiques, many with Jacuzzis and fireplaces. All inn guests enjoy a full Southern breakfast buffet, afternoon guest reception, and late evening cordials, cookies and milk. Additional amenities include bicycles, evening turndown service and two restaurants, The Library for prix fixe dining and the famed Roof Top Bar & Restaurant for a more relaxed dining experience. Sip cocktails on one of our roof topdecks and enjoy spectacular views of the Charleston skyline, Charleston Harbor, sunsetsand new Ravenel Bridge. 843.577.7970 or 800.845.7900 19 Vendue Range, Charleston, SC 29401 www.vendueinn.com

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community of about 3,500 Palestinian-Americans, of whomabout 400 are activemembers of the RamallahAmerican Club ofJacksonville. Bajalia has two daughters, Juliana, 6, andOlivia, 4. She has amaster's degree ininternational finance andbusiness but has given up, at least temporarily, acareer in public relations. But she's found a cause on which to expend her energy and expertise. The Make It Right project is planning tobuild 150environmentally sound,hurricane-resistant homesto replace housingdestroyed by HurricaneKatrina. Bajalia said she was struck last spring, whilewatching a televisedfundraiser for Katrina'svictims, that Palestiniansidentify with thedisplaced residents of the Lower Ninth Ward. "We understand their pain and suffering, major program areas, including AcademicEnrichment, center isexpected to be completed Development and Recreation. by early2010. For moreinformation Building onthis wealth of experience, about the ACCESS Youth & Family ACCESSrealized it held a distinctcenter or our currentyouth & ~ d ~ opportunityto empower andstrengthen Departmentservices, visit us online at Arab American children and families byexpanding andintensifying these www.accesscommunity .org To learn how existing programs. TheACCESS you can support the Center, contact Maha Youth and FamilyServices Center Freij atmjreij@accesscommunity .org. to the Arab American community, and the community-at-large. The evening was a celebrationto remember and was apositive outlook toward abright future. doctrine is virulently antiwestern. It openly calls forthe elimination of Israel, itsadherents "to kill Jews", the"peaceful" overthrow ofpro-western "puppetregimes" in the Middle Eastand the expulsion of allwestern interests from theregion. It envisionsachieving these goalsthrough mass action, buteschews involvement inregional politics. Some former members and sympathizers havebeen arrested in severalcountries in recent monthson terrorism-related charges. This has raisedfears that the party'shardliners have becomeimpatient with what manyhave perceived as itsgradualist approach and long-term strategy. That is aconcept that has littleappeal for the growingnumber of young,dispossessed Muslimsradicalized by events since 9/11. Some of HT'smembers have been linked to Al Qaeda, and westerngovernments are becomingincreasingly alarmed. Zeyno Baran, director of the International Security and Energy Programmes at the Nixon Centre, arightwing think-tank in Washington DC, hasbranded the party "aconveyor belt for terrorists.It indoctrinates individuals with radical ideology,priming them forrecruitment by more extreme organizationswhere they can take part inactual operations." Hardline US right-wing institutions such as theNixon Centre and theHeritage Foundation aredemanding a crackdown on HT, but authorities inBritain and other westernstates fear that banning theparty will simply drive it underground, making it more difficult to monitor. "HTis regarded with some confusion by westernanalysts because while itsgoals of recreating acaliphate and thenconverting the world toIslam by force if necessaryare almostindistinguishable from binLaden's, its methods are entirely different,"according to JamesBrandon, an expert onIslam, in a recentassessment for theJamestown Foundation, a Secret Army (continued from page 9 Service (continued from page 9 (continued on page 19 (continued on page 18 Page 15THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008CHARLESTON, SOUTHCAROLINA 313 KINGSTREETHISTORICCHARLESTON, SC 843.722.1776 MONDAYSATURDAY9-6 Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends and Customers KimGreen Dinner Tuesday Saturday 6 10 p.m. 193-AKing St. Phone 843-853-1888 Charleston, SC MCCRADYSNEWESTRESTORATIONEFFORTOFFERSGUESTSEXPOSEDBRICK WALLS, ORIGINALHARDWOODFLOORSAND14-FOOTCEILINGSTHATBLENDRICH ARTISTICHISTORYANDCONTEMPORARYSOPHISTICATION.THREETALLWINDOWS LETINSTREAMINGNATURALLIGHTDURINGTHEDAYTIMEANDALLOWBEAUTIFUL VIEWSOFTHESTREETSCAPEASTHEEVENINGSUNSETS. THEGALLERYATMCCRADYSJOINSTHEHISTORICLONGROOMASTHEIDEALLOCATIONFORYOUR DISTINCTIVECORPORATEORPERSONALSPECIALEVENTS.FORINQUIRIES, CONTACT: EVENTS@MCCRADYSRESTAURANT.COM Access (continued from page 10 Best Wishes to all our Syrian and Lebanese Friends and Customers Mon Sat 10-5 or by Appointment(84376 Wentwsorth St. Charleston, SC Parking in Rear Bajalia (continued from page 11)

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succeeded in inspiring Islamic Jihad organizations byrevitalizing antiwestern sentiments. Violence at touristattractions in Egypt inrecent years is an example of the fundamentalist hostility to Westerners, while atthe same time anattempt to destabilizewhat they maintain as asecular government. Another well known Fundamentalist whowas the first successful influential in Eastern Orthodoxy. Unity without Uniformity The Churches of the East -those incommunion with Romeand those not incommunion -have livedin a state of localautonomy throughout their history. This is not amatter solely of organization; it hasreligious and theological dimensions, too. Thistradition has deep roots.Hence the Orthodox arewary of Latin (Romancentralization and its pasterrors. The Orthodox see in the highly centralizedRoman Catholic Churchthe religious history and mentality of WesternEurope, and not auniversality of their ownconcept and tradition.They wonder about the single structure and system of discipline andadministration, theminutely developed canon law, the highly systematized theology,the curia in Rome regulating affairs of thewhole Church -at times, affairs of which they havelittle real understanding.Over the ccnturies thesecharacteristics haveintensified and spread.Despite promises to the contrary, these Westerncharacteristics and practices have affectedthe Eastern CatholicChurches. Among the institutions to which EasternCatholics attach particularimportance are the rites ofpublic worship, yet neverwas reunion based simplyon the preservation of theEastern rites. Granted theimportance of thesehistoric and beautifulrites, it would be anoversimplification to Florida. Jennifer Tegland was the matron of honor, and the groom's brother, George Shami, was thebest man. Shami (continued from page 11) Church (continued from page 12 (continued on page 20 (continued on page 20 Page 16THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008NORTHCAROLINA/SOUTHCAROLINA COOPERS BARBECUE & CATERING SERVICE Barbecue Ribs & Chicken Since 1938 904-832-7614 Carry Out & Catering to serve 50 or 5000 109 E Davie Street Raleigh, North Carolina 2008 National Award Winning Barbecue Restaurant! www.AirWaves.com Rogers & Breece Funeral HomeOur Family Serving You Since 1898910-483-2191 500 Ramsey St. Fayetteville, North Carolina Archie Johnson & Sons Sewing MachinesSince 1910919-833-27912323 Lake Wheeler Road Raieigh, NC Sam Johnson is 84 years old. His dad Archie started the business. Sam & his family now run the family business. Him and his wife are celebrating 60 yrs of marriage. They have 4 children, 3 Daughters, and 1 son. Sam has a large selection of sewing machines, he also invented the ruffle machine for curtains and dresses and put a paten on it. This is a family business that contributes to the indusial sewing business all over the Nation. Commercial Residential Manufactured Homes 30 YEARSEXPERIENCEWarranty Guaranteed Financing 24 Hour Emergency Service Highest Quality in Heating &Air Conditioning Lowest Possible Prices 336-669-2088 304 Hwy. 64 East Bend, NCThis is dedicated in Memory of Terry Keaton. He was greatly Appreciated here in our community. He always went the extra mile to help citizens in need whenever they called on him. He did everything including cleaning out gutters to changing light blubs. He always had a smile to greet you with and a comforting & gentle personality that made you feel right at home. He was a God fearing man. We are sorry he lost his courageous battle to cancer. Terry is greatly missed for teaching employees great working skills such as honesty, hard work, and always-pleasant personality. We count our blessings and thank Sherry and brother Mark and Mike (coowner the business. We also admire them they are all knowledgeable and friendly, this is the reason the business is going strong. All the 12 employees work as a team and are very friendly and well trained as well as the management who works along side there employees. The business motto is We Never Try To Sell You Anything You Dont Need. A Special thanks to Sherry Terrys sister for her help in making this article possible Thanks to K & V Inc for all there comforting support in all our uncomfortable heating and cooling problems! In Memory of Terry Keaton Islam (continued from page 12

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How Much is YourHummos Worth? The Marguerite Piazza St. Jude Gala,co-chaired for the last seven years by Anita Harris of Memphis, raised more than $825,000 this year. Oneof the evening's patronsgave a $10,000 donationfor a gallon of Harris'hummos which wasserved as an appetizerduring the fund raisingevent. populous that it was confusing to identify anindividual without usingthe name of the father as a middle name. Eventually,some family branchesconstituted the main orwhole population of avillage or town, and, sinceit was understood thateveryone was a Ma'loof,they began to drop that name altogether, takingthe name of their villageor town, a nameassociated with theirprofession or trade, or themiddle name of their mother or father. When the Maloof families began toemigrate to othercountries, they kept theiradopted names,oftentimes losing theMa'loof identityaltogether; those whokept the Ma'loof namewere often at the mercy of officials in foreign landswho changed or altered the name. Therefore, today, the multitude ofMa'loofs go by manyspellings, to name a few: Maloof, Malouf, Malouff, Malooff, Mallof, Maaloof, Maalooff, Malloof, Malof, Maloff,Mallof, Maalouf, Mallouf, Maluf, Maluff, Maaluf, Maaluff,Maloufos, Maloufi, Maloofakis, Malov,Mdof, Melof, Meluf, andMolof. In addition, noless than 163 names,fromAazar to Zajjal, have beenidentified as having Maloof origins. All ofthese can be found on theMaloof Internationalwebsite. In 1907, Isa Iskandar Maalouf published inArabic the most thoroughhistory of any family inLebanon: Records ofRipened Fruit in theHistory of the Maloof Children. In 1991, GeorgeHanna Malouf published Maloof, The Ghassani Legacy, an English translation of Records ofRipened Fruit. In additionto his remarkabletranslation, he updated thebranches of the Malooffamily since 1907. It wasa daunting task, andvirtually an impossibleone, considering thatMaloofs had emigrated from Lebanon in largenumbers after 1907,meaning that theinclusion of a completegenealogy was dependentupon factors beyond George Malouf's control:family members fromaround the world wouldhave to submit the information to him. Thebook is certainly of noless value without theinclusion of all theMaloof familiesworldwide, for it hasserved as the basis forother Maloofs to continuehistories of various branches of the family.Charles Malouf Samaha,an attorney and writerwho lives in St. Petersburg, Florida, hasdone just that. AHistory of the Malouf People: of theMin'ern Malouf Sub-Branch, Including aHistory of Zabbougha,Lebanon, the Birth Placeof the Minem MaloufProgeny (2003a third edition is soon tobe released, is the resultof more than five years' ofresearch. Besides being anarrative of the Min'em Malouf descendency, thevolume includesbiographies of threenotable Maloufs fromZabbougha: writer anddiplomat Nassif Mallouf,attorney and politicianParis S. Malouf, andArchbishop Joseph(Rasheed Charles Samaha has also published two otherbooks: he edited forrepublication NassifMallouf 's translation of Gadaleta 's affair, Adalia Maloof (continued from page 14 Grapevine (continued from page 13 (continued on page 21 Page 17THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008MARYLAND Darab Hormozi, MDOphthalmology, Lacrimal, Orbital, Cosmetic Eyelid Surgery, Plastic Surgery, & Face Lifts.Droopy lids & Lower Lid Bags Tearing problems & Dry Eyes Thyroid Related Eye Diseases Primary & Secondary Mobile Artificial Eyes Faculty at Johns Hopkins Hospital BaltimoreSt. Agnes Hospital Campus TowsonSt. Joseph Hospital Campus410-825-4022Towson, MD Dr. Hormozi has 16 years experience. His credentials are: Facility Member, assistant Professor of the University of Maryland. Dr. Hormozi is truly a Dr. of the highest rank to our community. He is a very honest Dr., and will do all he can that is best for you.Thanks Dr Hormozi. Washingtons Best Source For Decorative Plumbing and Hardware7800 Wisconsin Ave. Bethesda, MD 301-654-7810 Call About Our Virginia Location Charles is 80 years old. This business is unique and family-owned. We dedicate this to Charles. He taught his sons well to provide our special needs for consultations. They offer a huge selection of bath & kitchen fixtures. Charles has 54 years in the business that his father started. They have the best of the best service & represent 62 fixture companies. FLORALFANTASIA Fresh Silks Custom Designed for All Occasions Lucille Young, Wedding Consultant Specializing In Weddings Call for an Appointment (301 Laurel, Maryland Lucilles Business is 30 Years old. She made flower arrangements for all her daughters friends for there wedding as gifts. Her daughter encouraged her to open a flower shop and she did. Lucille teaches classes on floral design. She works wonders with Mother Natures Pallet She is a Consultant on Location or off for homes, offices, weddings, etc. Lucille adds elegance to any occasion to formal or informal. She offers gift baskets and will shop for anything you prefer to fill your personal basket with. Her love and gracefulness with flowers & design shows in the many beautiful arrangements she has hand created. Have your daydreams and night dreams come true with flowers by Lucille. Thank you for all the time and devotion that you put in to the things that matter most to us. USATraveling Nurseswww.allaboutyouhealthcare.com Hotline: 800-839-0543 Marie is a fascinating woman. She went to the University of Liberia West Africa, where she got her degree in Sociology. Marie worked in the Robert International Airport in Liberia. The civil war was active at the time she lived and worked in Liberia, Because she was so familiar with U.S from working in the airport she had the advantage of coming here to the U.S to shop, tour etc. So she left her country and came here and continued her Education then became a nurse (LPN for her Masters Degree in Nursing with two years left Once finished she plans to open group homes. She has enjoyed providing health care for the last ten years along with her fifty employees. Her Business Motto is Care from the Heart. She gets a great example of youth from the Community. We appreciate her skills & care for the quality in Heath Care that she and her employees provide.

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US think-tank that specialists in monitoringIslamist terrorism. "Although HTmembers sincerely believe that thecaliphate will be recreatedsoon, HT's real significanceis likely to be itsincreasingly important rolein radicalizing andIslamising the Middle East.For example, HT'sideologies also fuel theincreasingly common viewthat the present conflictbetween westerndemocracies and Islamistsis not a resolvable disputeover land, territory andtemporal politics, but israther an inevitable clash ofcivilizations, cultures andreligions." Hizb-ut Tahrir was founded as a secret societyin 1952 in what was thenJordanian-ruled EastJerusalem by Sheikh Taqiuddin an-Nabhani, aPalestinian judge of the Shari'ah Appeal Court. He had studied at the prestigious Al AzharUniversity in Cairo andjoined the Muslim Brotherhood, founded in Egypt in 1928 and theforerunner of modernradical Islamic groups. Buthe broke with theBrotherhood when itmoved towardscooperation with thesecular authorities in Cairo.While the Brotherhoodbecame a potent oppositionforce in Syria and Egypt, HTtook a more subversivepath. Nabhani died in 1979 and Abad Al Qadim Zalum,a Jordanian religiousscholar who had also studied at Al Azhar, tookover as leader and remainedso until his death in 2003.The current leader is Sheikh Ata Abu Rashta, aPalestinian-Jordanianscholar about whom little isknown. He is believed tolive in secret in Lebanon, one of the few Arab statesthat tolerate HT Nabhani's writings remain HT's guidingprinciples--they pour scornon "depraved democracies"imposed on Muslims by the West and advocate "a singlestate over the entire Muslimworld". One of Nabhani'smost important texts says it is obligatory to militarily overthrow "every singleMuslim government, thenforcibly unite them into onemilitary state even if itmeans killing millions ofpeople". According to Pepe Escobar, a writer who hastravelled extensively in theMuslim world, Nabhani "clearly equates Islam with a permanent global revolution. Leon Trotskymeets the Holy Koran."Escobar says that while the HT"is far from being the same thing as Al Qaeda it'sfair to say that it is not so farapart from the worldview of Al Qaeda." HT's followers are Tilson Construction and Engineering,soon arrived toassess the damageand necessary repairsso he could prepare aquote. Committeemembers also metwith Park ServiceadministratorAdrienneApplewhite-Coleman, who re-viewed with them theproper administrativeprocedures to followin order for theDepartment of theInterior to pay for thework. Pleased to have accomplished theinitial phase of their project, The Hannas and Johary attended a reception in theRayburn Building towelcome Lebanon Ambassador AntoineChedid to his post.Also attending wereCongressmen Charlese W. Boustany, Jr.(LouisianaIssa (California Nick Rahal (West Virginia), all ofLebanese heritageand all enthusedabout the restorationproject, each happilyagreeing to be anHonorary BoardMember of the KahlilGibran MemorialRestorationCommittee. On the final day of Gibran (continued from page 14 Secret Army (continued from page 15 Page 18THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008MARYLAND/VIRGINIA Happy Holidays From Israels Carpet Cleaning and Repair We sell New Carpet Quality Professional Service Repairs & Installation Work at Great prices VISITOUR SHOWROOM FOR CARPETS, TILE & HARDWOOD. We install and repair flooring at reasonable pricing! 301-840-1700 Rockville, MD Thanks to the Great service that you provide Israel. From your friends at the Syrian Lebanese Star. PARHAMCHAPEL 1771 Parham Road 288-3013 ATLEECHAPEL 9271 Shady Grove Road 730-0035 HUGUENOTCHAPEL 1020 Huguenot Road 794-1000 WOODYADVANCED PLANNING 288-3013 ALLSIZES OF FLAGS IN STOCK USAFlags All 50 States International Racing Military Historic Holiday Seasonal All Sports Team Flag Custom Flags Available Flag Pole Service & Repair Flag Poles Home & Bus. Custom Flags Appliqued Or Silk Screened Embassies, Corporate, Government And Schools Welcomed! Flag And Pole Rentals Available OPEN 7 DAYS 10:00 AM 9:30 PM Exclusive Selection Of Flag Apparel: T-shirts Jackets Caps Pins Patches Decals And Much More! www.alamoflag.com202-882-3524 FAX 703-442-8524 www.alamoflags.com In Union Station Washington, D.C. Phone Orders Same Day Shipping Anywhere In The USA THE LARGEST COLLECTION OF FLAGS AND FLAG PRODUCTS WORLDWIDE All Major Shoes Brands Well-stocked store "willing to wait 1,000 years to annex the West to acaliphate," Escobar says."But recent pamphlets confiscated in Tajikistan already detect a change in tone. Apart from declaringthe US a global threat thatcan only be cured by the (continued on page 21 (continued on page 21

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boom-bust cycles) reflecting buoyant private sector activity, prudentmacro-policies,liberalization of the financial sector and foreign direct investment(FDI World Trade organization (WTO) accession inDecember 2005, as wellas a spending spree on infrastructural and industrial projects(including building neweconomic cities) across the country. A spokesperson for Saudibased Jadwa Investments noted: "We now perceivethe growth driver shifting although I understand the circumstances are different," she said. She said she wanted her fundraising to be aPalestinian project so asto "shine a positive lighton our culture that haslong struggled withhurtful stereotypes andmisguided perceptions." Thus far, she's done more planning thanfundraising, and hasreceived $1,640 inpledges. Pledges can be made by going to www.makeitrightnola.org, clicking on the "DonateNow" button, clicking on the "View Team Homes"button, then clicking on the button marked "TeamHomes: $1,000 to$2,000." Bajalia can becontacted atmimisalameh@hotmail.com. "I have great visions of watching a familywalking up the front stairsof their new home andknowing I helped makethat possible," she said. Bajalia (continued from page 15 SaudiArabia (continued from page 8 (continued on page 22 Page 19THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008ALABAMA/TENNESSEE PLUMBING, HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING 2609 Old Rocky Ridge Road Birmingham, AL Homewood(205 Southside(205 Mtn. Brook(205 Hoover(2051 Pelham/Alabaster(205 Full Plumbing, Heating & Air Conditioning Service Residential & Commercial We offer sewer & drain cleaning Available 24 Hours CALLFORCLASSICGUARD Special Heating Check-up Drain & Jet Line Cleaning Available Carpet & Oriental Rug Store YES THERES ANEW ONE IN TOWN So Drive A Little and Save A Lot Over 10,000 square feet of showroom and warehouse space specializing in all types of carpet, vinyl floor covering, custom draperies, wallpaper, and authentic handmade oriental rugs for home and business. 205-663-2310 2844 Montgomery Hwy. Pelham, AL RON ARCHERS AUTO CAREEast Memphis Napa Auto Care Center Honest Repair Service Since 1975 All Makes &Models Minor Or Major Repair A/C Service & Wheel Alignment All Work Guaranteed (At White Station Rd. 10% Off Parts and Labor with Mention of This Ad(9015155 Quince Rd. Memphis, TN Call For Free Estimate With Mention Of This Ad e Cover Anything Under the Sun CANVAS PRODUCTS CO. INC. Since 1944 251-471-5308Fax # 251-473-8840 2601 Halls Mill Rd. Mobile, AL TERMITE & PEST CONTROL SERVICEPRICES QUOTED OVER THE PHONECHARTER #130 Over 34 Years Experience(615Serving Greater Nashville,TN JACKSONMOTEL www.jacksonmotel.8k.com Clean & Quiet One Room Efficiencies Low Daily, Weekly & Monthly Rates New construction & company rates Utilities Furnished &Free Local Calls 25 Color Cable TV w/ Free HBO, Showtime & Espanol Channel Major Credit Cards Accepted Full Size Kitchenettes Available 615-896-2217 831 NWBroad St. Murfreesboro, TN Founded in 1928 Over 250 Types of Brick Full Range of Colors and Textures Special Shapes and Details Variety of Landscaping Materials Brick Sculptures Produce Concrete Masonry Units Concrete Block High Quality Products Excellent Customer ServiceOpen: Monday Friday 7:30 a.m. 4:30 p.m. Call us: 901-363-1887 Or Visit Our Website: www.generalshale.com4033 Lamar Ave., Memphis, TN 38118

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hinge unity on this single point. To consider ourEastern CatholicChurches as merely users of different liturgicalceremonies and languageswould be a grossmisunderstanding. One outstanding spokesman for the East'scause was MelkiteCatholic Patriarch Maximos IVSayegh, the late Patriarch of Antiochand of all the East, ofAlexandria and ofJerusalem. His zealousrepresentation of the East revolutionary is AyatollahKhomeini(1902-1989He emphasizedrevolution to overthrowsecular Islamicgovernments. Hisseizure of the US embassy in Teheran and the capture Americanhostages was anindication of his deep resentment to Westernvalues. He understoodthat the conflict with the West, led byAmerica, is more thanpolitical. It is ratherreligious and culturalbased on the idea thatthey represent the realenemies of Islam. After the 1967 Six Days War, a shameful defeat of Arabs at thehands of Israel, Islamicfundamentalism flourished. They turneddefeat into their advantage. They wereable to move the massesby appealing to theirhistory and decipheringtheir frustration.Fundamentalistscontended that the Arabs had lost the war because they had losttheir faith in Islam.The real reason wassecularism anddeparture from the trueIslam that characterizes most Arab regimes. Fundamentalists are ardent in their emphasis that the Allah of Islam is the Allah of absolute power. The verymakeup of Islam is power. They assert thatthe reason Islam haslost its glory and poweris because they havelost their religious bearings. They insistthat the only way ofsurvival is return to asystem of beliefs basedon the Islamic Shariah(lawQuran and implementedby Muhammad. Forthem, Islam supplies the only answer.Recapturing the lostpower and sense of history, necessitatestrue Jihad based ontotal religiouscommitment andsacrifice, includingmartyrdom. Islam (continued from page 16 Church (continued from page 16 (continued on page 23 Page 20THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008LOUISIANA Rainbow Pools & Spas Since 1987 Family Owned & Operated Exceptional Service Quality Materials Proudly stand behind our work Fully Insured Free Estimates Call anytime 7 Days a week Call the south shore504-464-6161Gino is the Owner There is a huge selection to choose here. He also provides repair, cleaning, re-construction; His teams of family members are well trained. His credentials are Engineering College of Construction for pools and Design. He is a member of the BBB for 22years. His 45 years of experience shows the artist that we adore. Lime is of the essence is the company motto Gino His sons & grand daughter will provide you with all the assistance that you need. This family owned business with the knowledge they have will be all you need Bob Goines Detailing Vehicle Detailing Wash & Wax, Interior & Exterior Cleaning. Hours MonFri 8-6, Saturday 8-4 If you need a specific time, call us! Bobs big 30 years in business bash is coming up soon. 504-835-5760 1420 N Causeway Blvd Happy Holidays! J.E. Hixson &Sons Funeral Home 24 Hour Service Cemetery Cremation Funerals &Prearranged Plans 337-439-2446 3001 Ryan St. Lake Charles, LA (continued on page 22 The Bagel Factory Bagels & Bread Baked Fresh Daily5048378707Rusty supplies on demand to hotels, convention center formal & informal This bakery is a feast in its self. Have a wine and bagel party or even have his daily fresh bread. This family owned business is a quality bakery created by Rusty. His hard work is greatly appreciated. This business helps him spend more time with his family and it means the world to him. There is nothing better than a fresh bagel. Happy Holidays! Petunias Open 7 Days AWeek -8am-11 pm Specialties: CrepesCajun FoodCreole Fresh Fish Always-Friendly Atmosphere. Come Dine With Us And Taste For Yourself Our Fabulously Prepared Cuisine. Our Skilled Chefs Use Only The Freshest Ingredients And Create Delightful Cuisine.504-522-6440817 Saint Louis Street New Orleans Louisiana This historical building of the 1830s is not only famous for the atmosphere but also for its Creole & Cajun-Food prepared from 2 world famous chefs. Chef Jay guards her original recipes and everyone knows they are to die for, with Chef Michael and Chef Jay in the kitchen you can know that this is home away from home. With the 3 owners energy in the restaurant you are sure to have a wonderful time. There is business motto is Acasual congenial atmosphere. This 3 story Creole cottage is a must see.

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caliphate, they are more viscerally anti-American,calling for a jihad against the West." Long considered by western governments to be a quirky and ineffective organization with a Utopian objective, Hizb-ut Tahrirhas metamorphosed into anincreasingly popularmovement, highly organized and disciplined,with media-savvy nationalleadership that have considerable autonomy. The party is outlawed in most Muslim states,including the former Soviet republics in Central Asia-one of HT's key targetzones--and in Russia and Germany. But itsmembership has swelled in the post-9/11 turbulenceamid growing anti-USsentiment in the Muslimworld, with the spread of itsideology accelerated by the Internet, a communications tool used to great effect byAl Qaeda. According to the Jamestown Foundation,"During the last five years,several branches became large enough and strongenough to transition fromtheir covert gestationalphase to a publicly activestage, including those inAustralia, Belgium,Denmark, Malaysia, Palestine, Pakistan, Turkeyand Bangladesh." HTclaims to be active now in at least 45 countries from Asia to the US, whereit appears to be gatheringmomentum since its firstcells were established in the1980s. Its radical ideologyis becoming increasingly popular in Arab countriesand has established itself asan influential Islamistopposition group in manyregions, including CentralAsia and Europe. It is well established in Secret Army (continued from page 18 their visit, Johary went to the Lebanon Embassy, where hemet again withAmbassador Chedidand his assistant,Marwan Francis, todiscuss the KahlilGibran Memorial,later joining theHannas, Michael Baroody, BrittanyBennett, and BillAnawaty at the RoyalEmbassy of Saudi Arabia Adel A. Al-Jubeir about theGibran memorialproject and inquireabout the possibilityof funding. It was particularly helpful to have BillAnawaty engaged inthese discussions,since he had beeninvolved with theKahlil Gibrancongressionalauthorization for the memorial and, in cooperation with theDepartment of the Interior, had itconstructed. The Committee members agreed thatall their meetings hadbeen informative,and clarified forthem the stepsnecessary to restorethe memorial to its original splendor. Asa result of thatOctober trip to Washington, each isperhaps more certainthan when we paytribute to KahlilGibran we paytribute to all of humanity, for theuniversal appeal ofhis words is due totheir representationof those ideals thattranscend territorialboundaries of race,nationalism, andcreed. Gibran (continued from page 18 1859, or, Correspondence regarding complaintsagainst her BritannicMajesty's vice-consul inthat port, compiled,edited, translated byNassif Mallouf (Istanbul:Isis Press, 2002), which is soon to be released in its third edition; and he wrote Sketch of the AbiGeorge Saliba Sub-branch of Bteghrine (2005Also to bereleased this year is hisNassif Mallouf (1823-1865), Dragoman andOrientalist (Istanbul: IsisPress, 2008). Maloof (continued from page 17 (continued on page 23 Page 21THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008TEXAS Creations By Lisa Cant Find The Perfect Dress? Let Us Make One For You. Custom Designed Gowns Bridesmaids & Mother Of The Bride Flower Girl Dresses ~ Veils & Headpieces Expert Alterations www.lisascreationsbrides.com972-918-0675 724 Melrose Drive Richardson, TX Please Mention Ad When Calling Lisa has a degree in fashion design, her background experience was suitable for many T.V Celebrities and Actresses She also has five years experience in the opera. She has been in business for 15 years. Elegant gowns and formals are her hearts desire. She has fabulous silk & lace from all over the world to choose from. She sketches gowns, wedding dresses, prom, and all occasion clothing to suit your style and figure. She also has beads and embroidery to accent your gown or dress, hand made.. She gives you her honest opinion on was best for you. Lisas guarantee is that you will have a original & one of a kind style. We appreciate all her hard work that she puts in for us, and hours that go in to beautify what we put on. We really appreciate having Lisa her in the community Convenient Location Value Options GROVE HILL FUNERAL HOME3920 SAMUELL BOULEVARD DALLAS, TXGrove Hill Funeral Home is conveniently located in the heart of Dallas so that your family can depend on the finest in service and value. With our new product, Dignity Memorial, we can offer even more options to choose from. Call us today to learn more about Dignity Memorial.GROVE HILLFUNERAL HOME CEMETERY FLORIST 214-275-0906 Servis Plumbing Plumbing Contractor Commercial & Residential Courteous Professional Service 956-383-1629 ALBERT 956-874-8822 LES 956-874-8887 1722 N. Closner Edinburg, Texas JRs WaterWell Service & SupplySALES SERVICE REPAIR FORALLTYPESOFWATERPUMPS 432-687-3236 432-570-7867 1130 N. County Road Midland, TX

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In short, Islamic fundamentalism, whichis nourished byappealing to thereligious and socio-political sentimentsamong Muslims, willremain a peril and continue to surge forth unless real democratic reforms are established in the Arab and Muslim World, the Arab-Israeliconflict is resolved, andperhaps Islam isrethought in a newcourse, as some Islamicthinkers are trying todo. to the private sector, marking a new phase in aperiod of sustained highgrowth in the Saudi economy." An oil-fuelled 'hyperactivity' is having larger multiplier effects on the broader economy,with its nominal GDP[gross domestic product]swelling by three-quartersto $377bn since 2003,according to theInternational MonetaryFund (IMF to grow by 23% this year. Significantly, real GDPgrowth (inflation-adjusted) averaged 5.5%per annum during 2003-07, compared withanaemic annual growth of1.5% in the previous fiveyears. John Sfakianakis,chief economist at SaudiBritish Bank, said: "Thiscountry had stagnated economically, it was adoom and gloom scenario for the kingdom. Withinfour years, it has had acomplete 180-degree turnaround. The difference between Saudi Arabia and other countries in the region isthat the boom is locallybased, hence it is morepredictable andsustainable." Buoyed by spiralling oil prices, the 'twinsurpluses' (thegovernment budget andbalance of payments)strengthened further in 2007. The current accountsurplus exceeded $100bn(the fourth highest afterChina, Japan andGermany), despiteincreases in imports ofgoods and non-factor services. The EnergyInformationAdministration, thestatistical arm of the US Energy Department,estimated 2007 Saudi oilreceipts at $194bn, a'staggering' figure, almostequal to the size of the UAE's economy. Whilst abudget surplus ofSRl78.5bn ($47.6bnequivalent to 12.8% of GDP, albeit down on2006-07, due to rising re-current and capitalexpenditure in response toballooning oil revenues. SaudiArabia (continued from page 19 Islam (continued from page 20 (continued on page 24 Page 22THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008HOUSTON, TEXAS

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the UK particularly since the July 2005 suicidebombings on London'stransport system in whichmore than 50 people were killed. These concerns arenow being echoed inmainland Europe, wherethere are growing fears that proliferating Al Qaeda cells among the continent's largeMuslim communities arebound to strike at somepoint. In Denmark, where Hizb-ut Tahrir remains legal, counter-terrorism officials say a growingnumber of Muslims are being drawn to the party. These officials say that theparty has played a key rolein radicalizing disgruntledyoung Muslims, butbecause it functionsprimarily as an ideological organization rather than aparamilitary one, it isallowed to operate. However, officials warnthat it is pushing the limitsof Denmark's liberal free-speech laws to an extentthat could triggergovernment action. Despite the party's expansion and emergence from its traditional secrecy,much about the party's was clearly evidenced before, during, and after the Second Vatican Council. Those efforts arebeing continued by his successor, Patriarch Maximos VHakim, andby many other churchleaders of the East and West. The Necessary Approach Archbishop Philip Nabaa, the late MelkitcMetropolitan of Beirut, reminded us: We mustremember how close the East is to WesternChristianity with which itlived for ten centuries inpeace and charity in onefaith. If this deep unitywas sometimes shattered,shaken, or even broken,this was due to a failure tounderstand one anotherrather than to bad faith. Itarose not so much from adenial of the faith asthrough sincere attachment to truly Christian traditions. Thereasons were not so muchthe religious as thepolitical andpsychological factors thatled to separatedevelopment in East and West. The first result was a division in charity,followed by a division infaith, all of which led to agreat rent in theCutholica. When in the past five centuries segments of theEastern Churchesreunited with the HolySee, unhappily some peculiarly Westerncharacteristics wereextended to theseChurches -anotherirritating grievance. Insuch situations EasternCatholics hav reactedvigorously for two majorreasons. First, EasternCatholics want to guardthe integrity of thespiritual and cultural Church (continued from page 20 Secret Army (continued from page 21 (continued on page 25 (continued on page 24 Page 23THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008TEXAS/OKLAHOMA WIRED STRAIGHT Home Theater Design, Sales and Installation Whole House Audio & Video Surveillance Automation Lighting Control Tele Com Consulting TroubleShooting Flat Panel TV Installation Central Vacuum Systems C.E.D.I.A. Certified Bose Certified Insured Please Mention Ad When Calling wiredstraight.com 214-769-9578 Call For Free Estimate Little Elm, TX General Manager Ron Jackson WAL-MARTSUPERCENTER believes that the one most important thing is customer satisfaction, and the friendly, courteous personnel strives to assist you in every way. 972-625-6000 4691 St. Hwy. 121 The Colony, TX EcoVantage Energy Inc. Solar Wind Hydro We Can Provide All Your Energy Needs Cut Your Bills and Save the Environment.Call Toll Free For a Consultation. We recently added outdoor camping and recreational vehicle parts. Mention Ad for Special Consideration. 1-877-592-0661 www.EcoVantageEnergy.com LEALSJEWELRY Restoring Antique Clocks Is Our Specialty 210-733-9179 506 W. Hildebrand San Antonio, Texas Open Tuesday thru Saturday Day and Night Classes1-800-Cut-Class All Cosmetology Courses Available All Work Performed by Students Under Supervision of Instructors Family Hairstyling, Manicures & Facials at Reduced Rates Easy Financing405-789-0881 3900 N. Peniel, Bethany, Oklahoma1 Block South of 39th Expressway Since 1976 BEAUTYCOLLEGE.com AFull Service Salon Translation Interpretations Language TrainingPrices for Every Budget Office: 972-818-3455 Fax: 972-818-3742 www.interlinguausa.com16300 Addison Road, Ste 222 Addison,TX 75001 USTOURS& TRAVELCORP Domestic & International (972 Fax: (972 ustt1@yahoo.com ustoursandtravel.com888 South Greenville Ave., Suite 130 Richardson,TX 75081 P P a a r r t t y y l l i i n n e e F F l l o o r r i i s s t t & & P P l l a a n n t t e e r r y y Our Personal Touch Makes The Difference ~ Since 1959 ~ 24 Hour Phone Service 100% Satisfaction Guaranteedwww.partylineflorist.com email: partylineflorist@aol.com M-F 8-5:30 Sat. 8:30-4 505-344-3538 1-800-444-3854 Albuquerque, NM Julia A. Wilson, ESQAttorney At Law Geriatric / Elder Law Guardianships Medicaid Planning Asset Protection Probates Wills Trusts (405Fax: (405 Toll Free: 1-888-JULIALAW Cell: (405 3233 E. Memorial Road, Suite 107B Edmond, OK

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heritage of their Churches. Second,Catholics of the East aretrying to preventheightening the barrierbetween Catholicism and Orthodoxy. What, then, can be done to restore East and West to one faith and oneChurch? Obviously areply to this burningquestion is not easilyformulated. Historyrecalls unsuccessful attempts to restore unity.Disagreements from the This vast accumulation of twin surpluses after the1990s' perennial deficitshas enabled theauthorities to reducenational debt and build upforeign reserves at the Saudi Arabian MonetaryAgency (SAMAcentral bank. Lookingahead, the combination ofrobust output growth andsoaring exports shouldscc further falls in debtburden and even higher official foreign assets.The IMF estimates Saudi2008 domestic debt at 16% of GDP(compared with 119% of GDPin 1999) wit11 reservesreaching $413bn, butprivate bankers put the total official assets undermanagement with globalbanks at $1 trillion. Meanwhile, inflation has surged in recentmonths, fuelled by briskdomestic demand (thanksto huge liquidity), supplybottlenecks, rising foodimport prices and higher rents. Last April, theconsumer price index (year-on-year) hit a recordof 10.5%, anextraordinary rate for acountry used to negligible1% inflation or less foralmost two decades. Price hikes are affecting realincomes of both Saudinationals and expatriates,which in turn, haveincreased wealth disparity. In order to mitigate the impact upon the generalpublic the governmenthas approved ad hocmeasures that entail moresubsidies for basiccommodities (rice andwheat), providing a costof living allowance (forall state employees andpensioners) worth 5% oftheir earnings for threeyears as well as stringentenforcement of consumerprotection regulations.Also, a National Housing Authority is being formed to promote theconstruction of low-costhomes and to expedite theprocess of introducing a mortgage finance law. Hamad A1 Sayari, the central bank governor, urges budgetaryconstraints, saying:"Given the dominance offiscal policies on the economy, it is necessaryto reprioritise spendingand programme it to fitthe absorptive capacity of the national economy." The authorities, however,are unlikely to cutbackinvestment and socialspending, given the direneed for job creation (theunemployment rate is now 15% or higher). The SAMBAFinancial Group, the secondlargest Saudibank, estimates that totalspending will rise by 16%in 2008, up from 14% last year. More recently, the Agricultural Ministryunveiled plans to invest infarming and livestockprojects in overseascountries aimed atbuilding up strategic foodreserves, thus controllingfuture commodity prices.It involves setting upprojects of about 100,000 hectares, possibly, inEgypt, Pakistan, Sudan, Turkey and Ukraine, forgrowing crops like corn,rice, and soybeans, wheatand alfalfa, a feed for livestock. At present,most agri-products are imported. Saudi Arabia is the largest importer ofbarley and one of the top-five rice importers. The regional 'powerhouse' has entereda second phase ofdevelopment as oilwindfalls are beingutilised to ignite a wave of mega-projects. Theseprojects would helpachieve the government'sgoals of diversifying the economy, boosting non-oil exports and balancing SaudiArabia (continued from page 22 Church (continued from page 23 (continued on page 26 (continued on page 25 Page 24THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008ARIZONA/NEVADA Perms Colors Weaving Manicures Pedicures Acrylics Juliette/Silk Wraps GelsJoico Paul Mitchell MatrixNear Lakes & Summerlin 702-363-2361 222 S. Rainbow Blvd. #102-105 Las Vegas, NV89145 Inside Professional Plaza in Food-4-Less Shopping Center CRAIGROADPET CEMETERY& FUNERALHOME&CREMATORIESPrivate Individual Cremations Family May View GROUNDBURIAL NICHES MAUSOLEUM ENTOMBMENT Pick UpService Available All Major Credit Cards Accepted 702-645-1112 7450 W. Craig Rd. Las Vegas, NV PARADISE MEMORIAL GARDENS SINCE 1974 SERVING ALLFAITHS MAUSOLEUM COLUMBARIUM LAWN CRYPTS URN GARDEN CREMATORY EARTH INTERMENT PRE-PLANNING (480 9300 E. Shea Blvd., Scottsdale, AZ Under New Management Offering a complete line of medical equipment and supplies! G&SMEDICALSERVICE Prompt, FriendlyService Delivery Available(602Gerald Cox MEDICAREPROVIDER ASKABOUTSENIORDISCOUNTS Large Show Room www.gsmedsupply.com Blue Cross & Blue Shield Medicade and More. Phoenix, AZ Senior Homecare By Angels We know it isnt easy to invite someone into your home to provide homecare. Youll interview and select any caregiver we refer to you. At Visiting Angels, character matters in caregivers! Up to 24 hour care. Meal preparation light housework, companionship. Our caregivers are thoroughly screened. 480-833-8247 www.visitingangels.com/mesa Mesa, AZ Now Your Parents Can Live At Home

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regional growth. The authorities initiated aNational IndustrialCluster DevelopmentProgramme to achievestated goals. Planned investments to be implemented underpublic-privatepartnerships, mostly ininfrastructure, real estateschemes and manufacturing sector,over the mediumterm areexpected to reach $1trillion, equal to 215% of today's GDP. Heavy capital spending by Saudi Arabia should also contribute to the reduction of global tradeimbalances throughhigher imports of goodsand services. NationalCommercial Bank, the kingdom's largest, explained: "We keep trackof a number of projectsand it has been rising, andwith oil prices remaininghigh . we will probablysee a continuation for thiskind of phenomenon until2015." Huge construction is under way across the country, providing jobs,homes and lucrative workfor project financiers andengineering, procurement inner workings remain obscure. Its globalmembership is not known,but some estimates put it as high as one million. Theextent to which its variousbranches coordinate is also not clear, nor is how the organization is financed. Traditionally HThas been strong in Europe and Central Asia, but in the lasttwo or three years the partyhas gained popularity across the Arab world,despite being illegal in moststates. It has becomenoticeably stronger inPalestine, putting tens ofthousands of supporters at rallies across the West Bank. This reflects the growing disaffection withthe fundamentalist Hamasmovement and the MuslimBrotherhood and theirfailure to reinvigorate themuch-battered Palestinian society, as well as a more general drift towards HT's caliphate ambitions and aMuslim revival. The party is also believed to be gatheringconverts amongPalestinians in refugeecamps in Lebanon, wherethe army took four monthsto crush Sunni extremists in the Nahr Al Bared campoutside the northern port city of Tripoli in 2007.Hundreds of people werekilled. More arrests havebeen reported in Syria,where the regime ruthlesslycrushed the MuslimBrotherhood in the early1980s, as well as in Egypt, Tunisia and Sudan. In Morocco, 14 HT members, mostly well-educated men, werearrested in October 2006and most were convicted offorming unauthorizedassociations. Forty HTmembers are believed to beimprisoned in Jordan,where the party has claimed Secret Army (continued from page 23 SaudiArabia (continued from page 24 (continued on page 27 (continued on page 26 Page 25THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008COLORADO/UTAH Executive Meetings & Retreats Sophisticated Historic Setting Please Mention Ad When Calling Bed & Breakfast Wireless Internet Delightful Breakfast Fire Places Private Jet Bath Tubs225 N State St Salt Lake City, UT84103 www.inn-on-the-hill.com Invisible Fence of Northern Colorado Serving Laramie, Welds Boulder Country, CO www.insiviblefence.com David Mattson Master Watchmaker #3028 7 N. Circle Dr. Colorado Springs, CO Extreme Mobility Medical Supply Professionals for Your Power Mobility Needs MEDICARE/MEDICAID/ PRIVATE INSURANCE POWER WHEELCHAIRS/ SCOOTERS SALES & REPAIRS 719-473-4088 3475 Pine Tree Sq., Ste A. Colorado Springs, CO Near Platte Walmart Toll Free 1-800-870-3539 RADON ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS EAST, INC. Residential/Commercial Specialist Over 19 years experienceNEHAListed 10052RMT City &County of Denver License #21619 Free Estimates Fully Insured www.receastinc.com303-741-1100Aurora, CO 970-223-8354 Toll Free: 877-966-8354 24 hours per day, 7 days a week Hospice, IV therapy & other specialty programs s, LPNs, therapists & home health aides Medicare certified Free Assessment SERVING BOULDER, LAFAYETTE, BRIGHTON, BROOMFIELD, DENVER METRO NORTHGLEN & SURROUNDING AREAS 303-926-1001 www.heartlandhomehealth.com Broomfield, Colorado

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to have inroads into the Hashemite kingdom'smilitary and civil service. Brandon notes that HT has apparently "failed togain significant traction incountries like Egypt orOman whose people arereluctant to see theirdistinctive historical, ethnicand cultural identities submerged within a caliphate. HThas also floundered in Saudi Arabiaand the Gulf states wherepolitical discourse is oftensimplistic and clan-based.Gulf citizens recognize thata caliphate would forcethem to share their oilwealth with the rest of theMuslim world." But if Hizb-ut Tahrir is failing to win mass supportin the wealthy Gulf states, ithas made inroads elsewhere. In August 2007,more than 80,000 members filled a stadium in Jakarta, capital of Indonesia, theworld's most populousMuslim state, to call for thereturn of the caliphate. Itwas the party's biggest everpublic event. In Pakistan, where HTwas establishedin 2000, the party hasaccumulated considerablestrength and was banned after 9/11 for alleged linksto extremist groups. High-level defectorsSOME OF HT'S LEADING lights havebegun to abandon the partybecause they have come toquestion its ideology andpurpose. Maajid Nawaz, aBritish university studentfrom a Pakistani familywho have lived nearLondon for threegenerations, and whohimself was one of HT'sleaders in the UK,denounced the party in ahigh-profile defection inSeptember 2007. Secret Army (continued from page 25 Middle Ages to modern times has worsened relations. Anotherirritation is found in theactivities of the Latin clergy in the East --activities which havegiven Catholicism a flavor too Western -andthis has estranged Orthodoxy. In addition,this latter point is also anannoyance to EasternCatholicism's effectiveness and growth. Archbishop Nabaa proposed a sound andbalanced approach: It will not be sufficient toask our Orthodoxbrethren to accept ourfaith and convince themof the truth of our beliefs. We must also meet them in great charity, showingthat we respect their greatChristian traditions in a catholic spirit. We mustshow them that Christ'sChurch is truly catholicand open to East as well as West. Our actions must show that the catholicityof the Church enables it toinclude all humaninstitutions, civilizationsand national cultures, allChristian traditions and liturgies, without special privileges for any country,church, rite, or person.There are no first-class orsecond-class citizens inChrist's Church, for all areone in Christ. This echoes St. Augustine's sage counsel: In essentials, unity. In non-essentials, liberty. In all things, charity From these thoughts one can catch a glimpse ofthe unique role andvocation of the EasternCatholic Churches to bethe bridge by which theOrthodox Churches willreturn to communion with the Apostolic Sec. Theyalso give indication of thedelicate and complexmatters which have divided Christianity. May Christian unity soon be restored. Church (continued from page 24 (continued on page 27 Page 26THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008SOUTHERNCALIFORNIA Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese, Friends & Customers THE LARGEST JEWELRY EXCHANGE IN THE WORLD Over 400 shops offering you the Best selection of the finest quality jewelry at 40% to 70% below retail. Call (213for a FREE directory659 S. Broadway & 640-650 S. Hill StreetLos Angeles, CA 90014 Ranias Travel and Cruise FIRST& BUSINESSCLASS DISCOUNTEDTICKETLowest Fares To: Middle East, Africa, Orient, Europe Round the World Fares Specials: Cruise Packages European Packages USVacation Packages We speak English, Arabic, French & Spanish www.info@raniatravel.com www.raniatravel.com Call Us Today To Get The Best Deal We Specialize in Cruising (800 (81881814241 Ventura Blvd., #101, Sherman Oaks, CA91423 Ranias been married for 30 years and wants to formally wish her husband Nicola a Happy Anniversary. Thats not the only anniversary she has. Happy Anniversary this December for 15 years in the Travel Business She has four employees including her husband and son; she was drawn to the Travel business to help have affordable travel. She is originally from Syria and her husband is from Beirut, Lebanon. He moved here along with his brother when he was 17 yrs old, and started a Hairdresser business that he sold just a short time ago, and Rania is pleased to have him with her business Know. They really enjoy working together. Afew years ago she helped many lebanese people get refunds for the air fair and also gave them information and helped them because they did not speak English. She is a very good-hearted person with a great family, her daughter is going to school to be a pharmacist, and her son is a great asset to her business .Rania and her family is great experts of travel info. Rania can arrange a trip of a lifetime for you with world-class accommodations. Happy Anniversity to Rania and Nicola & Ranias Travel. Thanks! Happy Anniversary from the staff at the Syrian Lebanese Star! WALKLEY VENETIAN BLINDS DONT KILL YOUR WIFE, LET US DO YOUR DIRTY WORK Sales Cleaning Repairs Parts Supplies Family Owned Established 1956 Estimates Pick-Up & Delivery Available Receive 5% Discount with Mention of This Ad (619 4359 Dwight St. San Diego, CA 92105 Bob has 50 years experience & he is celebrating his 50th Anniversary for his Family Owned Business. Hes father purchased the Business in 1960. They offer the largest selection of window coverage from blinds, shutters and pleated shades, even custom fit shutters. His selection is tailored to fit any window and budget. He saves you money by repairing if repairable. He dont try to over sell you. Business or Residential he can take care of both. And the prices are just as good for the residents as the business. Best Wishes From BONDSAUTOMOTIVEFOREIGN DOMESTIC REPAIR Repair of European Cars. MERCEDES PORSCHE BMW AUDI VOLKSWAGON SAAB VOLVO 619-461-7623 www.bondsautorepair.com 8418 La Mesa Blvd. La Mesa, CA Bumper to Bumper

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Nawaz had been an HT member for 12 years andhad been seen as a futureleader of the highly activeBritish branch. He claimed the organization"spearheaded theradicalization of the 1990sand cultivated anatmosphere of anger" andsaid that its ideologyinevitably leads to violence.He felt, he said, "duty-bound to redress thephenomenon of politicallyinspired theologicalinterpretations". Nawaz, a key recruiter, says he helped establish Hizb-ut Tahrir in Pakistan in 1999-2000. The partysent him to Egypt inSeptember 2001;ostensibly his mission was to study Arabic but in fact it was to proselytise. He was arrested in Alexandria in April 2002and spent four years inprison. It was there, hesays, that jailed Islamicscholars taught him thatHT's ideology ran counterto the true meaning ofIslam. In April 2008, Nawaz and another senior defector, Ed Husain,announced the formationof the QuilliamFoundation, a think-tanknamed after a 19thcentury English convertto Islam and dedicated tocombating radicalIslamist ideologies.Husain said it wouldpromote "pluralisticvalues free from culturalbaggage of the Indiansub-continent and thepolitical burdens of the and construction (EPC companies. Thousands ofkilometres of new roads and railway lines; water,sewerage and electricityplants; 4m new housingunits; industrialexpansion such as the $22bn-plus Ras Tanurarefinery upgrade andpetrochemicals complex,steel and aluminium; andthe ambitious $40bntourism master vlan forthe Red Sea coastline,among other schemes,will (once fullycompleted) help meetsocio-economicchallenges and greatlyimprove the productivecapacity of the national economy. According to the Saudi ArabianGeneral InvestmentAuthority (SAGIAhousing investmentrequirements [alone]through to 2020 couldtotal $320bn. McKinsevconsultancy estimates thatinfrastructural investmenthas increased from 17% of GDPto 30-35%. This,in turn, indicates the sheeramount of projects under construction following a period of sluggish growthduring the late 1980s and1990s. Keys to alleviating regional disparities anddeveloping alternativeindustries are buildingseven new 'economiccities' each focusing on different sectors. Five ofthe cities have been officially launched King Abdullah City, Medina Knowledge city, Jizan City, Prince AbdulazizBin Mosaed City andSudair Industrial City (the largest). They will befunded by the private sector, with SAGIAacting as theregulatorlpromoter ofthese flagship projects.The stateowned SaudiIndustrial DevelopmentFund would provide softloans for up to 50% of theproject costs, while SAGIAhas introducedfiscal incentives and100% ownership rightsfor foreign companiesinvesting in variousprojects. SaudiArabia (continued from page 25 Secret Army (continued from page 26 Page 27THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008CALIFORNIA WE ACCEPTALLMAJOR PRESCRIPTION INSURANCE PLANS COMPUTERIZED PATIENT PROFILE SERVICES SENIOR CITIZENS DISCOUNT WATERFRONT PHARMACY (209 123 SO. COMMERCE ST., SUITE A STOCKTON, CA (BEHIND GREYHOUND DEPOT OPEN MON-FRI: 9AM-1PM; 2PM-6PM CLOSED SATURDAY-SUNDAY-HOLIDAYS Best Wishes to our Syrian & Lebanese Friends and Customers Custom Made Pizzas Salads and Pasta Hero Sandwiches Entree Specialities Beer and Wine L.A.s Best Pizza The Upper Crust The Pizza Cookery Los Angeles Magazine Dine In Full Service Catering 818-887-4770 6209 Topanga Canyon Blvd Woodland Hills, CA 6333 West Third St. Los Angeles, CA At Gate 3 323-581-6352 310-617-6207 ACE GARAGE DOOR SERVICE Serving Greater Los Angeles Since 1987 Doors, openers & springs On site service Sales, installation, parts & service on all makes and models Ask us about our discounts quality work at competitive prices Custom wood doors Steel raised panel door Taylor insulated doorsState Contractors Lic. #725889 Licensed & Bonded Free EstimatesHuntington Park, California The Latest & Best Post-Mastectomy Breast Prosthesis-Brassieres & Other Complimentary Items Lee Stivender owner Certified Fitter & Consultant Fittings By Appointment(6501564 Miramonte Ave., Los Altos, CA94024 1/2 Block Off Foothill In Loyola Corners (To Be Continued in Next Months Issue)

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Page 28THESYRIAN-LEBANESESTARDecember2008RECOMMENDEDBUSINESSES Who will administer my qualified plan? The Catholic University of AmericaNational Catholic School of Social Services For program information please call (202 or access our website at www.cua.edu We are committed to a diverse student body Washington, D.C. MOTOROILS& GREASES PROPANE JOHN & SONS ROOFING, INC. THE FLATRATE. ROOF REPAIRS NEW ROOFS TORCH DOWN RUBBER ROOFS HOT& COLD PROCESS FREE ESTIMATES 7 Year Warranty with complete job. Commercial Roofing Only 586-254-1804 Stealing Heights MI Pride FundingNOW NOW NOW Is the Best Time To $aveThousands of dollars on your home or property mortgages. Notary Public Available (818 (818cell 9000 Reseda Boulevard, #F Northridge, California 91324 Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers FINNEY HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING Serving Atlanta & Surrounding Area Since 1981 Sales Service Installation Servicing All Makes & Models Residential Commercial Free Estimates on Replacements Please Mention This Ad When Calling 404-846-0076678-969-0105 Metro AtlantaSurrounding Area Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers PETES HEATING & COOLING, INC.SalesServiceInstallation ResidentialCommercial Light Industrial Refridgeration with Cooling & Heating FREE ESTIMATES for New Installations (734 30240 Brookview DriveLivonia, MI 800-596-0885 Please Mention Ad When Calling Seattle, WA 770-830-74973303 B CARROLLTON VILLA RICAHWY. CARROLLTON,GA INSURANCE CLAIMS PLATE GLASS AUTO GLASS WINDOW GLASS MIRRORS SHOWER DOORS FREE ESTIMATES QUALITY WORK GOOD SERVICE REASONABLE PRICES WE SERVE A65-MILE RADIUS EXPERIENCED EXPERT INSTALLATION WINSHIELD ROCK-GRIPREPAIRS 20 WILLHITE SEEDS, INC. SUPERIOR QUALITYSEEDS Beautiful 64 Page Free Color Catalog Over 40O Varieties 817-599-8656 www.willhiteseed.com Write; P.O. Box 23 Poolville, Texas 76487 International Shipping Available THECARSPAComplete:Diagnostic Services Quality Auto RepairsAll Makes & ModelsASE Certified AAAApproved M/C Visa Discover www.orlandocarspa.com The Hofmans have been in business for 29 years Mr. Hofman has 45 years experiance satisfying a large cliental service. Honestly is thier motto. We admire their great work. Your Mechanic For Life 407-298-11453155 Clemson Rd. Orlando, FL Open M-F 7am-6pm


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xml record header identifier oai:www.uflib.ufl.edu.ufdc:UF0002836300075datestamp 2009-03-20setSpec [UFDC_OAI_SET]metadata oai_dc:dc xmlns:oai_dc http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc xmlns:dc http:purl.orgdcelements1.1 xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc.xsd dc:title The Syrian Lebanese starSyrian Lebanese starSyrian-Lebanese starStardc:creator Syrian Lebanese stardc:subject Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States ( lcsh )Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States ( lcsh )Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )dc:description b Additional Physical Form Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.Dates or Sequential Designation Began in 1963.Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).dc:publisher A.M. Coplandc:date December 2008dc:type Newspaperdc:format v. : ill. ; 36 cm.dc:identifier http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/ufdc/?b=UF00028363&v=00075ADA7472 (LTUF)05165391 (OCLC)000579625 (ALEPHBIBNUM)0193-2578 (ISSN)sn 79007351 (LCCN)dc:source University of Floridadc:language Englishdc:coverage United States of America -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville


MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Uniform Title:
Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Syrian Lebanese star
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltuf - ADA7472
oclc - 05165391
alephbibnum - 000579625
issn - 0193-2578
lccn - sn 79007351
System ID:
UF00028363:00075

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Uniform Title:
Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Syrian Lebanese star
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltuf - ADA7472
oclc - 05165391
alephbibnum - 000579625
issn - 0193-2578
lccn - sn 79007351
System ID:
UF00028363:00075


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THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY
SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 45 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD, AMERICAN LEBANESE CONGRESS
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
PTION www.syrianlebanesestar.com XLVI #12 1F


U U


Kahlil Gibran Memorial
Restoration Committee Makes
Major Inroads
in Washington, D.C.


In late October
2007, Donald Hanna,
D.D.S., chairman of
the Federation's
Kahlil Gibran
M e m o r i a l
R e s t o r at i o n
Committee, and
committee members
Norma Hanna and

(continued on page 14)


Dr Donald Hanna (left) at
a Washington, D.C.
reception in honor of
Lebanon Ambassador
Antoine Chedid (right).


Islam's Secret Army?
Hizb-ut Tahrir, the transnational party
whose declared goal is to establish an
Islamic superstate, is causing growing
concern in capital cities around the world.


For years, Western
governments paid little
heed to an Islamic
organization called Hizb-ut
Tahrir (HT, or Party of
Liberation) dedicated to
setting up a worldwide
caliphate, restoring the
religious and political

(continued on page 9)


Celebrating 37 Years of
Outstanding Service


Each year, ACCESS of exemplary community
takes the time to reflect on members. The celebration
the impact contributions took place on May
to the community and to 10,2008 at the Detroit


recognize the hard work


(continued on page 10)


2 0 0 9


NOMAwT@] L@WU@I
January 29 February 1

Come to the Bayou State and enjoy
Kibbie & Crawfish! Dabke & Two Step
Cedars & Cypress

Events all day long for all ages!!
Hafle' on the Bayou
For registration questions & Info
Call Gina Thomas @ (404) 231-5532
Baton Rouge. Louisiana
Hilton Baton Rouge Capitol Center
877.862.9800


Mimi Bajalia:
Mission of
Compassion for
New Orleans


For Mimi Bajalia,
raising funds for Brad
(continued on page 11)


ZQQEJJ

Construction Begins on Access
Youth & Family Services Center


After much planning,
preparation and
community consultation,
construction has begun on
a brand new 32,050
square foot facility that
will become ACCESS'
Youth & Family Services
Center.
From its location in the
south end of Dearborn,
the Center will be
strategically placed to
serve youth throughout
Dearborn's large and
diverse Arab American
community. The Center
will also present a unique
resource for thousands
more youth throughout
the metropolitan area.
The Center was


conceptualized in
response to the rapidly
growing demand for
ACCESS' Youth &
Education Department
programs. This nationally
recognized department
has come to serve
thousands of community
members through its will
provide a much-needed
location to integrate
ACCESS' diverse
programs and services
into a strong and effective
whole.
Most importantly, the
Center will create a
plethora of new
opportunities for the more
than 3,200 youth under
(continued on page 10)


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Kay Kafe Grand Opening
On June 19, Sterling
Jewelers Inc. and St. Jude
Chi! ren's Research
Hospital officially opened
the new Kay Kafe. The new
cafeteria was funded by a
$16 million gift from
Sterling Jewelers. Among
those celebrating the
ribbon cutting were Marlo
Thomas and Tony Thomas.


To All Our ReadEASONSrom Our Staff
SGREETINGSp *

To All Our Readers & Advertisers From Our Staff


)ECEMBER 2008






II Page 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008 1


Saoud-Ashourian


Laura Ashourian and
Raja Saoud were married
at 4 p.m. Saturday in St.
George Antiochian
Orthodox church.
The bride, daughter of
(continued on page 11)


Shirley-Wahidi


Safia Wahidi and Paul
Shirley, both of
Jacksonville Beach, were
married at 6 p.m. Friday
at the Casa Marina Hotel
& Restaurant.
(continued on page 11)


Shami-Dekle
Alison
Dekle and
Constandi
Shami were
married at 3
p .m.
Saturday in St.Ephrem
Catholic Church.
The bride, daughter of
Marilyn and Bob Lanier,
Blairsville, Ga., and
(continued on page 11)


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married Sept. 28,1958, in
Baghdad Iraq. She is the
former Jackie Jazrawi.
Their children are
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Coutros and Richard
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Princeton, N.J.
The Ossis have eight
grandchildren.


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II Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008 1


Understanding the Eastern
Christian Church


Understanding Islam (Part 5)
By Bassam M. Chedid


Once again we've had a
tremendous year of
fundraising. Kudos to the
greatest staff in America!
This year more than $660
million was raised in
order to support the
research and treatment at
St. Jude Children's
Research Hospital. This
result is not only due to a
great and dedicated staff,
but to devoted volunteers
around the country who
commit many hours of
their lives to ensure that
Danny Thomas' dream
stays alive.
We had an incredible
summit this June with
employees from NEO and
all across the country.


They received an update
on our programs and a
status report on our
strategic plan, and left
Memphis energized and
committed to meeting our
goals for 2009.
We also want to thank
Joyce Aboussie, the
retiring Chair of ALSAC,
for an outstanding tenure
in office. Under her caring
leadership, ALSAC
enjoyed the greatest
fundraising growth in its
history.
We give our best
wishes to the newly
elected ALSAC officers,
who are Chair Richard C.

(continued on page 12)


DOTTIE M. BUSH
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Agreements Certified
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Agent
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1-866-419-BUSH (2874)
www.taxesandmorebydotie.com
Specializing in all Tax Return Preparation,
Collection Issues, Liens, Levies &
Searches, Installments, IRS Audits & Small
Business Bookkeeping & Audits.
6015 Morrow St. Suite 116 Jacksonville, FL 32217


The Patriarchal
Principle
Western dominance in
thought and practice
makes the Orthodox fear
Rome would try to
assimilate them into the
Western system, thus
causing the loss of their
whole system, tradition,
and identity. They respect
the fact, however, that
Westerners are entitled to
their own religious
mentality and customs as
are the Easterners. The


By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
Orthodox are not
convinced of the papal
(continued on page 12)


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for his honesty & intelligence. Satisfaction is guaranteed. Kevin
advises you very well on saving money. Him and his daughter
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T. -..,._.io dic', are a fantastic team!


What is the modern
day Islamic
fundamentalism and
how did it influence
Muslims?
The Oxford
Dictionary succinctly
defines fundamentalism
as a "Strict adherence
to traditional orthodox
tenets... opposed to
liberalism and
modernism." Such a
definition might apply
to the Christian
fundamental movement
in our modern day
because it is basically
characterized by
religious motives.
Nonetheless, Islamic
fundamentalism is far
more complex, for it
enshrines a number of


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religious themes and
socio -political
discontents, as we shall
see in the following
historical brief sketch.
Perhaps the first
vanguard of Islamic
fundamentalism, and
still the most influential
today, was Jamal Al-
Din Al Afghani(1838-
1897). His call for the
Pan-Islamic unity
against the imperial
conquest of the West,
particularly after the
Napoleonic invasion of
Egypt in 1882, became
very popular among
Muslims. He infused
religious Islamic
themes in his political
activism, appealing to
(continued on page 12)






II Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008 1


Hamra
Enterprises
Announces New
CEO
Hamra Enterprises is
pleased to announce
that, Michael K. Hamra
has been promoted to
President and Chief
Operating Officer of
Hamra Enterprises.
Mike previously served


as President and COO
of Boston Bread, LLC
and Chicago Bread,
LLC, which are panera
Bread franchises
operating under the
Hamra organization.
"He has
demonstrated strong
leadership in building
and operating Panera
Bread franchise
(continued on page 13)


Julia Lalil Collins and
Phyllis A. Joseph


r4~


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II Page 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008 1


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent monthly serving Americans of
Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 45 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher...A. M. Coplan Editor...Toni M. Kara
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories,
pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201,
Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year


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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

JACKSONVILLE, FL


SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAY COMES
The 2008-2009 Broadway in Jacksonville Season to
feature Broadway's Biggest Blockbuster!!
WICKED
at the
TIMES-UNION CENTER
FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS
April 23-May 10,2009
Something WICKED is coming to Jacksonville with the
announcement of the Broadway Across America-jack-
sonville/FCCJ Artist Series' amazing 2008-2009 season.
Experience the best Broadway has to offer with two Tony
Award-winning shows for the 2008-2009 season including
AVENUE Q, FIDDLER ON THE ROOF, HAPPY DAYS,
RIVERDANCE and WICKED.

Schedule for Season:
Avenue Q December 9-14,2008
Riverdance February 13-1 5.2009
Happy Days February 24-March 1,2009
Fiddler on the o o f March 24-29,2008
Season Tickets on Sale now from $102.50-$265.40 for the
Series: 1-904-632-3373,
or 1-888-860-BWAY,
or online at www.artistseries.fcci.org.
Individual tickets can be purchased
6-8 weeks prior to opening night.

A Brief History
of Maloof Origin


A^^^


lalctBwf


The Ma'loof family
origin has been traced to
the Bani Al Azad (the
Children of the Lion) clan
of the tribe of Ghassan,
who originated in the
Yemen region of ancient
Arabia and migrated to
what is now the region
that includes Lebanon,
Syria, and Palestine,
becoming rulers and


chiefs of the lands they
settled. The subsequent
conquerors of the land-
Romans, Greeks, etc.-
rewarded the Ghassans'
for their loyalty by
making them guardians
and overseers of the
region, and, in
recognition of their own
abilities as conquerors,
the royal Ghassani


household and its lords taxes on their wealth and
were given the name property, or tributes from
Ma'yoof, which meant their flocks.
"exempt," denoting The Ghassani
exemption from paying (continued on page 14)
Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese
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11





Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008
JACKSONVILLE, FL


Statt


~att~i




-C'
*t*i
tr.&


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1 4





Page 8 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008
JACKSONVILLE, FL

Federation Club News: Saudi Arabia:
Florida and Louisiana Bucking the global trend? FAVORITE
Salam Club, Lawrence, Recording How resilient is (OECD) economies, STU DIO S INC
Miami Secretary; and Camille growth in Saudi Arabia to though a faltering US
Miami Gilbert, Financial a global downturn? The dollar is adding to Making Jacksonville Smile Since 1963
Secretary. energy rich kingdom, inflationary pressures. Prompt Courteous Service
With membership up endowed with one-fifth Economic analyst MOIN
and meeting attendance The Bzebdine of the world's proven oil SIDDIQI examines the
growing, members of the Club reserves, is in the midst kingdom's unique
Miami Salam Club Club of an investment-led situation. Retouch Prints CD E-Mail
nominated their officers boom that shows little THE FOUNDATIONS Product Photography For
for a second term. The Bzebdine Club of evidence of being OF current expansion in
Nominated, and agreeing New Orleans has been derailed by the credit the kingdom are much Brochure & Internet
to serve were: Albert reconstituted and has crunch and ensuing stronger (unlike previous Family Children
Shaheen, President; joined the Federation. slowdown in western (continued on page 19) Pets Grandhildrn
President; Michal children and Wedding, Event Packages '
Lawrence, Second Vice grandchildren of the late Custom Blinds & Shutters Restoring Old Photos
Preisdent; June M. past president of SFSLAC Passport Photos
Thomas, Corresponding Ellis Abide and his wife,
Secretary; Patty Margaret Abide.

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Page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008
JACKSONVILLE, FL


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FelineFoto.com
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Secret Army
(continued from page 1)
authority through which the
Ottoman sultans ruled an
empire that stretched from
Europe to Asia for more
than 500 years.
Even though this
secretive, highly
disciplined Sunni Muslim
organization espouses
overthrowing the
governments of Arab and
Asian states, as does
Osama bin Laden, who also


calls for the return of a
caliphate based on Islamic
religious Shari'ah law, HT
was not seen as a particular
threat in the West. But these
days, bolstered by the belief
that following 9/11 the
West has declared war on
Islam, the transnational
party is increasingly seen in
many quarters as the
ideological vanguard of
radical Sunni Islam.
Hizb-ut Tahrir professes
to be non-violent, but its
(continued on page 15)


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

JACKSONVILLE BEACHES, FL


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members, dignitaries, and
leaders.
This year, ACCESS
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outstanding community


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Ismael Ahmed, and
Congressman John
Dingell. These are three
men who have devoted


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(continued from page 1)
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their lives to serving the
community.
The first ever "Making
an Impact" awiard went to
Russell Ebeid for his
philanthropic efforts
within the Arab American
community. ACCESS co-
founder and former
executive director, Ismael
Ahmed, received the Arab
American of the Year
Award for his years of
dedicated service to the
local and national Arab
American communities.
The program concluded
with a special tribute to
.Congressman John
Dingell for his dedication
(continued on page 15)


Access
(continued from page 1)
the age of 24 who live
within a one-mile radius
of our location.
At a cost of $4.3
million, this new facility
will provide ample space
to facilitate students'
academic, recreational,
social and artistic
development.
Specifically, the Center
will include new
construction of 18,632 sq.
ft. dedicated to youth


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a.m. to participate in a Christian educational experience:
Sunday worship services are held at 10:30 a.m. Nursery
services are provided too.
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programs and community
gathering spaces.
In addition, 13,418 sq.
ft. of renovations will
house improved,
streamlined space for our
Social Services and
National Outreach
programs as well as
administrative offices.
This will allow us to
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development in the same
location as family support
and civic engagement.
(continued on page 15)






Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

FLORIDA


Bajalia
(continued from page 1)
Pitt's Make It Right
home-building project in
New Orleans is both an
act of compassion and an
expression of cultural
pride.
That's why she is
calling her effort to raise
$150,000 by the end of
2010 The House That
Palestinians Built.
Bajalia, whose maiden
name is Salameh, was
born in the United States,
but she spent much of her
childhood in Ramallah,
where her father was born
and most of her mother's
family still lives,


including 16 of her first
cousins.
According to the Web
site of the American
Federation of Ramallah,
Palestine, there are now
about 30,000 Palestinian
Christians in America
who can trace their family
origins to the town.
ian Christians in
America who can trace
their family origins to the
town.
Bajalia met her future
husband, Mousa, at an
annual convention for
Ramallah Americans.
When she moved to
Jacksonville in 2000,
Bajalia joined a
(continued on page 15)


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Saoud
(continued from page 2)
Robin Ashourian and
Elaine and Mike
Ashourian, graduated
from the University of
South Carolina and is


employed
Properties Inc.


Ash


The groom' son of
Hikmat and Edmond
Saoud graduated from the

Shirley
(continued from page 2)
The bride, daughter of
Angie and Shahid Wahidi,
Jacksonville, graduated
from Sandalwood High
School, Florida State
University and the Florida
Institute of Ultrasound.
She is employed by
Baptist Beaches Medical
Center as an ultrasound
technician.
The groom, son of
Pamela and Gary
Wetherhold, Jacksonville
Beach, and Candy and
Paul Shirley,
Jacksonville, graduated
from Douglas Anderson
School of the Arts and is
employed by Twisted

Shami
(continued from page 2)
William Nordin,
Jacksonville, graduated
from Bishop Kenny High
School and the University
of North Florida.
The groom, son of
Mouna and Mike Khoury
and Marlene and Elias
Shami, all of
Jacksonville, graduated
from Bishop Kenny High
School, Johnson & Wales
University and the
University of Central

(continued on page 16)


University of Florida and
is employed by the Stellar
Group as a director.
The bride's sister,
Ashley Ashourian, was
the maid of honor.
The groom's brother,
Joe Saoud' was the best
man.
Following a trip to Fiji,
the couple will live in
Jacksonville.

Martini as a bartender.
Jane 11 Markle was the
matron of honor, and
George Georgallis was
the best man.
Following a trip to
Hawaii, the couple will
live in Jacksonville
Beach.






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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

FLORIDA/GEORGIA


Truly Yours
(continued from page 3)
Shadyac, Jr.; First Vice
Chair Camille F. Sarrouf,
Jr. and Second Vice Chair
T Zaydon.
The new St. Jude
officers are Chair Camille
F. Sai Sr.; First Vice Chair
Dr. Steve Tamer and
Second Vice Dr. Robert
Breit.
We are sure that under
their leadership, both
ALSAC and St. Jude
Children's Research
Hospital will continue to
grow and meet the needs
of the sickest children in
the world.
It has also been a very
busy summer for all of
our fundraisers. In July,
the AutoZone Liberty
Bowl held a golf
tournament honoring its
50th anniversary. Football
celebrities from the last
five decades attended the
event and heard the
message of St. Jude
Children's Research
Hospital. Once again, our
friends at ESA did a
remarkable job at raising
more than $10 million! I
attended their convention
and assured them of our
thanks and appreciation
for their continued


Islam
(continued from page 3)
the growing resentment
against foreign
domination. He also
called for overthrow of
rulers who are
submissive to foreign
power.
Another influential
fundamentalist is Hasan
Al-Banna (1906-1949).
He was influenced by
Al Afghani's thought.
However, he founded a
new movement in
Egypt, still in operation
today, named: "The
Society of Muslim
Brethren", it became
the first modern strict
and militant
fundamentalist
movement. They


dedication to our mission.
Kappa Alpha Psi
continues to be one of our
strongest new partners.
This great fraternity has
raised more than
$378,000 this year alone
for the children of St.
Jude, far surpassing their
goal of $100,000! I
attended the Southeastern
Convention in Atlanta and
welcomed them as true
members of the St. Jude
family.
Once again, the Run
from Memphis to Peoria
was a great success. This
group of committed
volunteers has constantly
showed their devotion to
the children of St. Jude.
Each year, their
fundraising continues to
grow.
We welcome two new
members to the ALSAC
Board of Directors and
the St. Jude Board of
Governors. They are Dr.
Christopher George of
Tampa, Fla., and Sheriff
Mike McCoy of Peoria,
Il.
I hope you had a
wonderful summer. We
look forward to
continuing our efforts to
finding cures and saving
children.


engaged in a series of
assassinations
including none-
Muslims and Judges,
plus an attempt on the
life of Egypt's
president, Jamal Abdul
Nasser. Al-Banna
himself was killed, and
Abdul Nasser
suppressed the Society
of Muslim Brethren
ruthlessly. They
continued, however, to
operate in Egypt and
other countries in the
Middle East.
One more extremist
and combative leader in
Egypt was Sayyed
Qutb. After the death of
Al-Banna, he assumed
the leadership role and


(continued on page 16)


Church
(continued from page 3)
declarations made time
and again that the
Catholic Church has no
intention of changing
Eastern tradition. For the
facts indicate otherwise.
This statement of Pope
Pius XI1 exemplifies the
earnestness of papal
intent: "Each and every
people of the Eastern
Church should enjoy
legitimate freedom in all
matters pertaining to their
history, their special bent,
and their character. ... All
may rest completely
assured that they will
never be forced to change
their own rites and
ancient institutions for
Latin rites and
institutions. Both should
be held in equal estccm
and honor because they
surround our common
Mother the Church with a
regal diversity. Even
more, in keeping intact
and inviolable what many


regard as ancient and
precious, this diversity of
rites and institutions is not
in any way opposed to
true and sincere unity."
On the opposite side of
the question, Latin
Catholics balk at the
patriarchal principle of
local, self-governing
churches -- a point of
major consequence with
the East. Undoubtedly,
theological issues
between Catholicism and
Orthodoxy are, in the
abstract, more important.
But in the concrete, the
patriarchal principle is
equally important to
Eastern Orthodoxy.
Governance is the
uppermost concern. This
is the crux of the matter.
The Orthodox Church
in Greece is not a
partiarchate, but it is
autocephalous. It is
patriarchal in fact but not
in name. With the Russian
church, it is the most

(continued on page 16)


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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA


Grapevine
(continued from page 4)
organizations in Boston
and Chicago and I'm
very proud of him for all
that he has
accomplished. His
record of exceeding
d ev e lopm ent
commitments and
breaking national
operating records places
him in unique category
of leaders in the
restaurant industry,"
says Sam Hamra,
founder and CEO of
Hamra Enterprises.
In his new position
Mike will oversee all of
Harnra Enterprises
restaurants, hotels and
real estate projects.
Hamra Enterprises is
headquartered in
Springfield, MO and
includes five
companies, with 300
employees in four
states.
Mike is a member of
the Harnra-Homra Club.

Barbara Aide
Shaheen -
Student
After she was


honored as one of five
distinguished women in
twenty-two Georgia
counties -the only one
without a college degree
-Barbara Aide Shaheen
returned to college.
Now a student of
American Literature and
Art, she is on the Dean's
List.

The Midwest
Federation
The Midwest
Federation of American
Syrian Lebanese clubs
honored two people we
see at our Southern
Federation Conventions.
The Midwest
Foundation presented
their Club of the Year
Award to the National
Federation of Syrian
Lebanese American
Clubs in recognition of
the National's efforts to
further knowledge of
and recognition
of our heritage by
promoting a United
States Postal Stamp in
honor of Kahlil Gibran,
and by exploring the
means to restore the
Kahlil Gibran Memorial
Garden in Washington,


D.C. This award was
presented to Phyllis A.
Joseph, the President of
the National Federation.
The Midwest
Federation presented
their Woman of the Year
Award to Julia Collins
in recognition of her
efforts in writing many
letters to the United
States Department of
Parks to clean up and
attend to the Kahlil
Gibran Memorial
Garden. Julia and her
husband, the late Paul V.
Collins, attended many
Conventions of the
Midwest Federation in
addition to their
membership in the
Southern Federation and
their attendance at the
Southern Federation
Conventions.
(continued on page 17)


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA


Maloof
(continued from page 6)
Ma'yoofs ruled the areas
frimo ca. 37 to 537 ad,
becoming some of the
first Christian kings of the
region. In 244, Amyres
Qays, son of a Ghassani
chief, ascended to the
Roman throne and took
the title of Emperor
Marqus Julius Feyrus
Philippus, and became
known as "Philip the
Arab." Members of the
emperor's clan continued
to be known as the
Ghassani Ma'yoof, even
during the rule of the
Rasheedi Caliphs, and the
Amawis and Omayad
conquerors, who allowed
them to pursue their own
way of life unfettered.
However, when the
Persian-supported


Abbaasi nation came to
power, the Ghassani were
not spared from the fate of
other Arabs of influence.
They, too, were stripped
of their noble titles. Also,
the Abbaasi chief began
to tax the Ma'yoofs, and,
to add insult to injury,
changed their name to
Ma'loof, connoting "those
already fattened or well
fed."
In spite of these
reversals, the Ma'loof
family grew and
prospered, becoming so
populous that it was
confusing to identify an
individual without using
the name of the father as a
middle name.
In spite of these
reversals, the Ma'loof
family grew and
prospered, becoming so
(continued on page 17)


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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA


Secret Army
(continued from page 9)
doctrine is virulently anti-
western. It openly calls for
the elimination of Israel, its
adherents "to kill Jews", the
"peaceful" overthrow of
pro-western "puppet
regimes" in the Middle East
and the expulsion of all
western interests from the
region. It envisions
achieving these goals
through mass action, but
eschews involvement in
regional politics.
Some former members
and sympathizers have
been arrested in several
countries in recent months
on terrorism-related
charges. This has raised
fears that the party's
hardliners have become
impatient with what many
have perceived as its
gradualist approach and
long-term strategy. That is a
concept that has little
appeal for the growing
number of young,
dispossessed Muslims
radicalized by events since
9/11. Some of HT's
members have been linked
to Al Qaeda, and western
governments are becoming
increasingly alarmed.
Zeyno Baran, director of
the International Security


and Energy Programmes at
the Nixon Centre, a
rightwing think-tank in
Washington DC, has
branded the party "a
conveyor belt for terrorists.
It indoctrinates individuals
with radical ideology,
priming them for
recruitment by more
extreme organizations
where they can take part in
actual operations."
Hardline US right-wing
institutions such as the
Nixon Centre and the
Heritage Foundation are
demanding a crackdown on
HT, but authorities in
Britain and other western
states fear that banning the
party will simply drive it
underground, making it
more difficult to monitor.
"HT is regarded with
some confusion by western
analysts because while its
goals of recreating a
caliphate and then
converting the world to
Islam by force if necessary
are almost
indistinguishable from bin
Laden's, its methods are
entirely different,"
according to James
Brandon, an expert on
Islam, in a recent
assessment for the
Jamestown Foundation, a
(continued on page 18)


Service community-at-large. The
(continued from page 9) evening was a celebration
to remember and was a
to the Arab American t r
positive outlook toward a
community, and the bright future.
bright future.


Access
(continued from page 10)
major program areas,
including Academic
Enrichment, center is
expected to be completed
Development and
Recreation. by early
2010. For more
information Building on
this wealth of experience,
about the ACCESS Youth
& Family ACCESS
realized it held a distinct
center or our current
youth & ~ d ~ opportunity
to empower and
strengthen Department
services, visit us online at

Bajalia
(continued from page 11)
community of about
3,500 Palestinian-
Americans, of whom
about 400 are active
members of the Ramallah
American Club of
Jacksonville.
Bajalia has two
daughters, Juliana, 6, and
Olivia, 4. She has a
master's degree in
international finance and
business but has given up,
at least temporarily, a
career in public relations.
But she's found a cause
on which to expend her
energy and expertise.
The Make It Right
project is planning to
build 150
environmentally sound,
hurricane-resistant homes
to replace housing
destroyed by Hurricane
Katrina.
Bajalia said she was
struck last spring, while
watching a televised
fundraiser for Katrina's
victims, that Palestinians
identify with the
displaced residents of the
Lower Ninth Ward.
"We understand their
pain and suffering,


(continued on page 19)


Arab American children
and families by
expanding and
intensifying these
www.accesscommunity
.org To learn how
existing programs. The
ACCESS you can support
the Center, contact Maha
Youth and Family
Services Center Freij at
mjreij@accesscommunity
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Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese Friends and Customers













Kim Green
Dinner Tuesday Saturday 6 10 p.m.
193-A King St. Phone 843-853-1888 Charleston, SC






Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

NORTH CAROLINA/SOUTH CAROLINA


Shami
(continued from page 11)
Florida.
Jennifer Tegland was

Islam
(continued from page 12)
succeeded in inspiring
Islamic Jihad
organizations by
revitalizing anti
western sentiments.
Violence at tourist
attractions in Egypt in
recent years is an


the matron of honor, and
the groom's brother,
George Shami, was the
best man.


example of the
fundamentalist hostility
to Westerners, while at
the same time an
attempt to destabilize
what they maintain as a
secular government.
Another well known
Fundamentalist who
was the first successful
(continued on page 20)


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Church
(continued from page 12)
influential in Eastern
Orthodoxy.
Unity without
Uniformity
The Churches of the
East -- those in
communion with Rome
and those not in
communion -- have lived
in a state of local
autonomy throughout
their history. This is not a
matter solely of
organization; it has
religious and theological
dimensions, too. This
tradition has deep roots.
Hence the Orthodox are
wary of Latin (Roman)
centralization and its past
errors.
The Orthodox see in
the highly centralized
Roman Catholic Church
the religious history and
mentality of Western
Europe, and not a
universality of their own
concept and tradition.
They wonder about the


single structure and
system of discipline and
administration, the
minutely developed
canon law, the highly
systematized theology,
the curia in Rome
regulating affairs of the
whole Church -- at times,
affairs of which they have
little real understanding.
Over the centuries these
characteristics have
intensified and spread.
Despite promises to the
contrary, these Western
characteristics and
practices have affected
the Eastern Catholic
Churches.
Among the institutions
to which Eastern
Catholics attach particular
importance are the rites of
public worship, yet never
was reunion based simply
on the preservation of the
Eastern rites. Granted the
importance of these
historic and beautiful
rites, it would be an
oversimplification to
(continued on page 20)


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This is dedicated in Memory of Terry Keaton. He was greatly
Appreciated here in our community. He always went the
extra mile to help citizens in need whenever they called on
him. He did everything including cleaning out gutters to
changing light blubs. He always had a smile to greet you
with and a comforting & gentle personality that made you
feel right at home. He was a God fearing man. We are sorry
he lost his courageous battle to cancer. Terry is greatly
missed for teaching employees great working skills such as
honesty, hard work, and always-pleasant personality. We
count our blessings and thank Sherry and brother Mark
and Mike (co- owner) for being very active and carrying on
the business. We also admire them they are all
knowledgeable and friendly, this is the reason the business
is going strong. All the 12 employees work as a team and
are very friendly and well trained as well as the
management who works along side there employees. The
business motto is "We Never Try To Sell You Anything You
Don't Need". A Special thanks to Sherry Terry's sister for
her help in making this article possible
Thanks to K & V Inc for all there comforting support in all
our uncomfortable heating and cooling problems!
In Memory of Terry Keaton


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& Sons

Sewing Machines


Since 1910

919-833-2791

2323 Lake Wheeler Road Raieigh, NC

Sam Johnson is 84 years old. His dad Archie started the
business. Sam & his family now run the family business.
Him and his wife are celebrating 60 yrs of marriage.
They have 4 children, 3 Daughters, and 1 son.
Sam has a large selection of sewing machines, he also
invented the ruffle machine for curtains and dresses and
put a paten on it. This is a family business that contributes
to the indusial sewing business all over the Nation.







Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

MARYLAND


Maloof
(continued from page 14)
populous that it was
confusing to identify an
individual without using
the name of the father as a
middle name. Eventually,
some family branches
constituted the main or
whole population of a
village or town, and, since
it was understood that
everyone was a Ma'loof,
they began to drop that
name altogether, taking
the name of their village
or town, a name
associated with their
profession or trade, or the
middle name of their
mother or father.
When the Ma'loof
families began to
emigrate to other
countries, they kept their
adopted names,
oftentimes losing the
Ma'loof identity
altogether; those who
kept the Ma'loof name
were often at the mercy of
officials in foreign lands
who changed or altered
the name. Therefore,
today, the multitude of
Ma'loofs go by many
spellings, to name a few:
Maloof, Malouf, Malouff,
Malooff, Mallof,
Maaloof, Maalooff,
Malloof, Malof, Maloff,
Mallof, Maalouf,
Mallouf, Maluf, Maluff,
Maaluf, Maaluff,
Maloufos, Maloufi,
Maloofakis, Malov,
Mdof, Melof, Meluf, and
Molof. In addition, no
less than 163 names,from
Aazar to Zajjal, have been
identified as having
Maloof origins. All of
these can be found on the
Maloof International
website.
In 1907, Isa Iskandar
Maalouf published in
Arabic the most thorough
history of any family in
Lebanon: Records of
Ripened Fruit in the
History of the Maloof
Children. In 1991, George
Hanna Malouf published
Maloof, The Ghassani


Legacy, an English
translation of Records of
Ripened Fruit. In addition
to his remarkable
translation, he updated the
branches of the Maloof
family since 1907. It was
a daunting task, and
virtually an impossible
one, considering that
Maloofs had emigrated
from Lebanon in large
numbers after 1907,
meaning that the
inclusion of a complete
genealogy was dependent
upon factors beyond
George Maloufs control:
family members from
around the world would
have to submit the
information to him. The
book is certainly of no
less value without the
inclusion of all the
Maloof families
worldwide, for it has
served as the basis for
other Maloofs to continue
histories of various
branches of the family.
Charles Malouf Samaha,
an attorney and writer
who lives in St.
Petersburg, Florida, has
done just that.
A History of the
Malouf People: of the
Min'ern Malouf Sub-
Branch, Including a
History of Zabbougha,
Lebanon, the Birth Place
of the Min'em Malouf
Progeny (2003), of which
a third edition is soon to
be released, is the result
of more than five years' of
research. Besides being a
narrative of the Min'em
Malouf descendency, the
volume includes
biographies of three
notable Maloufs from
Zabbougha: writer and
diplomat Nassif Mallouf,
attorney and politician
Paris S. Malouf, and
Archbishop Joseph
(Rasheed) Malouf.
Charles Samaha has
also published two other
books: he edited for
republication Nassif
Mallouf 's translation of
Gadaleta 's affair, Adalia
(continued on page 21)


Grapevine
(continued from page 13)
How Much is
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Worth?
The Marguerite
Piazza St. Jude Gala,
co-chaired for the last
seven years by Anita


Harris of Memphis,
raised more than
$825,000 this year. One
of the evening's patrons
gave a $10,000 donation
for a gallon of Harris'
hummos which was
served as an appetizer
during the fund raising
event.


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Dr. Hormozi is truly a Dr. of the highest rank to our
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Marie is a fascinating woman. She went to the University of
Liberia West Africa, where she got her degree in Sociology.
Marie worked in the Robert International Airport in Liberia. The
civil war was active at the time she lived and worked in Liberia,
Because she was so familiar with U.S from working in the
airport she had the advantage of coming here to the U.S to shop,
tour etc. So she left her country and came here and continued
her Education, then became a nurse (LPN).She is still in school
for her Master's Degree in Nursing with two years left Once
finished she plans to open group homes. She has enjoyed
providing health care for the last ten years along with her fifty
employees. Her Business Motto is "Care from the Heart'. She
gets a great example of youth from the Community. We
appreciate her skills & care for the quality in Heath Care that
she and her employees provide.


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Lucille Young, Wedding Consultant
Specializing In Weddings
Call for an Appointment
(301) 776-2355
Laurel, Maryland

Lucille's Business is 30 Years old. She made
flower arrangements for all her daughter's friends
for there wedding as gifts. Her daughter
encouraged her to open a flower shop and she
did. Lucille teaches classes on floral design. She
works wonders with Mother Nature's Pallet
She is a Consultant on Location or off for
homes, offices, weddings, etc. Lucille adds
elegance to any occasion to formal or informal.
She offers gift baskets and will shop for anything
you prefer to fill your personal basket with.
Her love and gracefulness with flowers &
design shows in the many beautiful arrangements
she has hand created. Have your daydreams and
night dreams come true with flowers by Lucille.
Thank you for all the time and devotion that
you put in to the things that matter most to us.






Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

MARYLAND/VIRGINIA


Gibran
(continued from page 14)
Tilson Construction
and Engineering,
soon arrived to
assess the damage
and necessary repairs
so he could prepare a
quote. Committee
members also met
with Park Service
administrator
A d r i e n n e
App le white -
Coleman, who re-
viewed with them the
proper administrative
procedures to follow
in order for the
Department of the
Interior to pay for the
work.
Pleased to have
accomplished the
initial phase of their
project, The Hannas


Secret Army
(continued from page 15)
US think-tank that
specialists in monitoring
Islamist terrorism.
"Although HT members
sincerely believe that the
caliphate will be recreated
soon, HT's real significance
is likely to be its
increasingly important role
in radicalizing and
Islamising the Middle East.
For example, HT's
ideologies also fuel the
increasingly common view
that the present conflict
between western
democracies and Islamists
is not a resolvable dispute
over land, territory and
temporal politics, but is
rather an inevitable clash of
civilizations, cultures and
religions."
Hizb-ut Tahrir was
founded as a secret society
in 1952 in what was then
Jordanian-ruled East
Jerusalem by Sheikh
Taqiuddin an-Nabhani, a
Palestinian judge of the
Shari'ah Appeal Court.
He had studied at the
prestigious Al Azhar
University in Cairo and
joined the Muslim


and Johary attended a
reception in the
Rayburn Building to
welcome Lebanon
Ambassador Antoine
Chedid to his post.
Also attending were
Congressmen
Charlese W.
Boustany, Jr.
(Louisiana), Darrel
Issa (California), and
Nick Rahal (West
Virginia), all of
Lebanese heritage
and all enthused
about the restoration
project, each happily
agreeing to be an
Honorary Board
Member of the Kahlil
Gibran Memorial
R e s t o r at i o n
Committee.
On the final day of
(continued on page 21)

Brotherhood, founded in
Egypt in 1928 and the
forerunner of modem
radical Islamic groups. But
he broke with the
Brotherhood when it
moved towards
cooperation with the
secular authorities in Cairo.
While the Brotherhood
became a potent opposition
force in Syria and Egypt,
HT took a more subversive
path.
Nabhani died in 1979
and Abad Al Qadim Zalum,
a Jordanian religious
scholar who had also
studied at Al Azhar, took
over as leader and remained
so until his death in 2003.
The current leader is
Sheikh Ata Abu Rashta, a
Palestinian-Jordanian
scholar about whom little is
known. He is believed to
live in secret in Lebanon,
one of the few Arab states
that tolerate HT
Nabhani's writings
remain HT's guiding
principles--they pour scorn
on "depraved democracies"
imposed on Muslims by the
West and advocate "a single
state over the entire Muslim
world". One of Nabhani's
most important texts says it


is obligatory to militarily
overthrow "every single
Muslim government, then
forcibly unite them into one
military state even if it
means killing millions of
people".
According to Pepe
Escobar, a writer who has
travelled extensively in the
Muslim world, Nabhani


"clearly equates Islam with
a permanent global
revolution. Leon Trotsky
meets the Holy Koran."
Escobar says that while the
HT "is far from being the
same thing as Al Qaeda it's
fair to say that it is not so far
apart from the worldview
of Al Qaeda."
HT's followers are


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"willing to wait 1,000 years
to annex the West to a
caliphate," Escobar says.
"But recent pamphlets
confiscated in Tajikistan


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already detect a change in
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can only be cured by the
(continued on page 21)


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

ALABAMA/TENNESSEE


Bajalia
(continued from page 15)
although I understand the
circumstances are
different," she said.
She said she wanted
her fundraising to be a
Palestinian project so as
to "shine a positive light
on our culture that has
long struggled with
hurtful stereotypes and
misguided perceptions."
Thus far, she's done
more planning than
fundraising, and has
received $1,640 in
pledges. Pledges can be


made by going to
www.makeitrightnola.org
, clicking on the "Donate
Now" button, clicking on
the "View Team Homes"
button, then clicking on
the button marked "Team
Homes: $1,000 to
$2,000." Bajalia can be
contacted at
mimisalameh@hotmail.c
om.
"I have great visions of
watching a family
walking up the front stairs
of their new home and
knowing I helped make
that possible," she said.


Saudi Arabia financial sector and
(continued from page 8) foreign direct investment
(FDI) regime thanks to
boom-bust cycles) World Trade organization
reflecting buoyant private (WTO) accession in
sector activity, prudent December 2005, as well
macopoliciet as a spending spree on
liberalization of the
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infrastructural and
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spokesperson for Saudi-
based Jadwa Investments
noted: "We now perceive
the growth driver shifting
(continued on page 22)


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

LOUISIANA


Islam
(continued from page 16)
revolutionary is
A yato ll ah
Khomeini(1902-1989).
He emphasized
revolution to overthrow
secular Islamic
governments. His
seizure of the US
embassy in Teheran and
the capture American
hostages was an
indication of his deep
resentment to Western
values. He understood
that the conflict with
the West, led by
America, is more than
political. It is rather
religious and cultural
based on the idea that
they represent the real
enemies of Islam.
After the 1967 Six
Days War, a shameful
defeat of Arabs at the
hands of Israel, Islamic
fundamental 1 ism
flourished. They turned
defeat into their
advantage. They were
able to move the masses
by appealing to their
history and deciphering
their frustration.
Fundamentalists
contended that the


Arabs had lost the war
because they had lost
their faith in Islam.
The real reason was
secularism and
departure from the true
Islam that characterizes
most Arab regimes.
Fundamentalists are
ardent in their emphasis
that the Allah of Islam
is the Allah of absolute
power. The very
makeup of Islam is
power. They assert that
the reason Islam has
lost its glory and power
is because they have
lost their religious
bearings. They insist
that the only way of
survival is return to a
system of beliefs based
on the Islamic Shariah
(law) as taught in the
Quran and implemented
by Muhammad. For
them, Islam supplies
the only answer.
Recapturing the lost
power and sense of
history, necessitates
true Jihad based on
total religious
commitment and
sacrifice, including
martyrdom.

(continued on page 22)


Church
(continued from page 16)
hinge unity on this single
point. To consider our
Eastern Catholic
Churches as merely users
of different liturgical
ceremonies and languages
would be a gross
misunderstanding.


One outstanding
spokesman for the East's
cause was Melkite
Catholic Patriarch
Maximos IV Sayegh, the
late Patriarch of Antioch
and of all the East, of
Alexandria and of
Jerusalem. His zealous
representation of the East
(continued on page 23)


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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

TEXAS


Maloof
(continued from page 17)
1859, or, Correspondence
regarding complaints
against her Britannic
Majesty's vice-consul in
that port, compiled,
edited, translated by
Nassif Mallouf (Istanbul:
Isis Press, 2002), which is


Secret Army
(continued from page 18)
caliphate, they are more
viscerally anti-American,
calling for a jihad against
the West."
Long considered by
western governments to be
a quirky and ineffective
organization with a Utopian
objective, Hizb-ut Tahrir
has metamorphosed into an
increasingly popular
movement, highly
organized and disciplined,
with media-savvy national
leadership that have
considerable autonomy.
The party is outlawed in
most Muslim states,
including the former Soviet
republics in Central Asia--
one of HT's key target
zones--and in Russia and
Germany. But its
membership has swelled in
the post-9/11 turbulence
amid growing anti-US
sentiment in the Muslim
world, with the spread of its
ideology accelerated by the


soon to be released in its
third edition; and he
wrote Sketch of the Abi-
George Saliba Sub-
branch of Bteghrine
(2005). Also to be
released this year is his
Nassif Mallouf (1823-
1865), Dragoman and
Orientalist (Istanbul: Isis
Press, 2008).

Internet, a communications
tool used to great effect by
Al Qaeda.
According to the
Jamestown Foundation,
"During the last five years,
several branches became
large enough and strong
enough to transition from
their covert gestational
phase to a publicly active
stage, including those in
Australia, Belgium,
Denmark, Malaysia,
Palestine, Pakistan, Turkey
and Bangladesh."
HT claims to be active
now in at least 45 countries
from Asia to the US, where
it appears to be gathering
momentum since its first
cells were established in the
1980s. Its radical ideology
is becoming increasingly
popular in Arab countries
and has established itself as
an influential Islamist
opposition group in many
regions, including Central
Asia and Europe.
It is well established in
(continued on page 23)


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Gibran
(continued from page 18)
their visit, Johary
went to the Lebanon
Embassy, where he
met again with
Ambassador Chedid
and his assistant,
Marwan Francis, to
discuss the Kahlil
Gibran Memorial,
later joining the
Hannas, Michael
Baroody, Brittany
Bennett, and Bill
Anawaty at the Royal
Embassy of Saudi
Arabia Adel A. Al-
Jubeir about the
Gibran memorial
project and inquire
about the possibility
of funding.
It was particularly
helpful to have Bill
Anawaty engaged in
these discussions,
since he had been
involved with the
Kahlil Gibran
congressional
authorization for the


memorial and, in
cooperation with the
Department of the
Interior, had it
constructed.
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members agreed that
all their meetings had
been informative,
and clarified for
them the steps
necessary to restore
the memorial to its
original splendor. As
a result of that
October trip to
Washington, each is
perhaps more certain
than when we pay
tribute to Kahlil
Gibran we pay
tribute to all of
humanity, for the
universal appeal of
his words is due to
their representation
of those ideals that
transcend territorial
boundaries of race,
nationalism, and
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Page 22 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

HOUSTON, TEXAS


Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 19)
to the private sector,
marking a new phase in a
period of sustained high
growth in the Saudi
economy."
An oil-fuelled
'hyperactivity' is having
larger multiplier effects
on the broader economy,
with its nominal GDP
[gross domestic product]
swelling by three-quarters
to $377bn since 2003,
according to the
International Monetary
Fund (IMF) and is poised
to grow by 23% this year.
Significantly, real GDP
growth (inflation-
adjusted) averaged 5.5%
per annum during 2003-
07, compared with
anaemic annual growth of
1.5% in the previous five
years. John Sfakianakis,
chief economist at Saudi
British Bank, said: "This
country had stagnated
economically, it was a
doom and gloom scenario
for the kingdom. Within
four years, it has had a
complete 180-degree
turnaround. The
difference between Saudi


Arabia and other
countries in the region is
that the boom is locally
based, hence it is more
predictable and
sustainable."
Buoyed by spiralling
oil prices, the 'twin
surpluses' (the
government budget and
balance of payments)
strengthened further in
2007. The current account
surplus exceeded $100bn
(the fourth highest after
China, Japan and
Germany), despite
increases in imports of
goods and non-factor
services. The Energy
I n fo r m a t i o n
Administration, the
statistical arm of the US
Energy Department,
estimated 2007 Saudi oil
receipts at $194bn, a
'staggering' figure, almost
equal to the size of the
UAE's economy. Whilst a
budget surplus of
SR178.5bn ($47.6bn) was
equivalent to 12.8% of
GDP, albeit down on
2006-07, due to rising re-
current and capital
expenditure in response to
ballooning oil revenues.
(continued on page 24)


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

TEXAS/OKLAHOMA


Church
(continued from page 20)
was clearly evidenced
before, during, and after
the Second Vatican
Council. Those efforts are


being continue
successor,
Maximos V I
by many oth
leaders of the
West.
The
Approach
Archbishop
Nabaa, the la
Metropolitan
reminded us:
remember hov
East is to
Christianity wi
lived for ten c
peace and cha
faith. If this
was sometimes
shaken, or ev
this was due to
understand o0
rather than to I
arose not so m
denial of the
through


attachment to truly
Christian traditions. The
reasons were not so much
the religious as the
political and
psychological factors that


ed by his led to separate
ed by his
Patriarch development in East and
akim, and West. The first result was
lakim, and .
er church a division in charity,
*Eas c rh followed by a division in
faith, all of which led to a
Necessary great rent in the
Cutholica."
Philip When in the past five
te Melkitc centuries segments of the
te Melkitc
of Beirut, Eastern Churches
of Beirut, .
"We must reunited with the Holy
close the See, unhappily some
r close the .
Western peculiarly Western
th which it characteristics were
entries in extended to these
entuhurcheses in-- another
Churches -- another


rity in one
deep unity
s shattered,
en broken,
a failure to
ie another
)ad faith. It
uch from a
e faith as
sincere


irritating grievance. In
such situations Eastern
Catholics hav reacted
vigorously for two major
reasons. First, Eastern
Catholics want to guard
the integrity of the
spiritual and cultural
(continued on page 24)


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I


Secret Army
(continued from page 21)
the UK particularly since
the July 2005 suicide
bombings on London's
transport system in which
more than 50 people were
killed. These concerns are
now being echoed in
mainland Europe, where
there are growing fears that
proliferating Al Qaeda cells
among the continent's large
Muslim communities are
bound to strike at some
point.
In Denmark, where
Hizb-ut Tahrir remains
legal, counter-terrorism
officials say a growing
number of Muslims are


being drawn to the party.
These officials say that the
party has played a key role
in radicalizing disgruntled
young Muslims, but
because it functions
primarily as an ideological
organization rather than a
paramilitary one, it is
allowed to operate.
However, officials warn
that it is pushing the limits
of Denmark's liberal free-
speech laws to an extent
that could trigger
government action.
Despite the party's
expansion and emergence
from its traditional secrecy,
much about the party's

(continued on page 25)


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Page 24 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

ARIZONA/NEVADA


Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 22)
This vast accumulation
of twin surpluses after the
1990s' perennial deficits
has enabled the
authorities to reduce
national debt and build up
foreign reserves at the
Saudi Arabian Monetary
Agency (SAMA), the
central bank. Looking
ahead, the combination of
robust output growth and
soaring exports should
scc further falls in debt
burden and even higher
official foreign assets.
The IMF estimates Saudi
2008 domestic debt at
16% of GDP (compared
with 119% of GDP in
1999) witll reserves
reaching $413bn, but
private bankers put the
total official assets under
management with global
banks at $1 trillion.
Meanwhile, inflation
has surged in recent
months, fuelled by brisk
domestic demand (thanks
to huge liquidity), supply
bottlenecks, rising food
import prices and higher
rents. Last April, the
consumer price index
(year-on-year) hit a record
of 10.5%, an
extraordinary rate for a
country used to negligible
1% inflation or less for
almost two decades. Price
hikes are affecting real
incomes of both Saudi
nationals and expatriates,
which in turn, have
increased wealth
disparity.
In order to mitigate the
impact upon the general
public the government
has approved ad hoc
measures that entail more
subsidies for basic
commodities (rice and
wheat), providing a cost
of living allowance (for
all state employees and
pensioners) worth 5% of
their earnings for three
years as well as stringent
enforcement of consumer
protection regulations.
Also, a National Housing


Authority is being formed
to promote the
construction of low-cost
homes and to expedite the
process of introducing a
mortgage finance law.
Hamad Al Sayari, the
central bank governor,
urges budgetary
constraints, saying:
"Given the dominance of
fiscal policies on the
economy, it is necessary
to reprioritise spending
and programme it to fit
the absorptive capacity of
the national economy."
The authorities, however,
are unlikely to cutback
investment and social
spending, given the dire
need for job creation (the
unemployment rate is
now 15% or higher). The
SAMBA Financial Group,
the secondlargest Saudi
bank, estimates that total
spending will rise by 16%
in 2008, up from 14% last
year.
More recently, the
Agricultural Ministry
unveiled plans to invest in
farming and livestock
projects in overseas
countries aimed at
building up strategic food
reserves, thus controlling
future commodity prices.
It involves setting up
projects of about 100,000
hectares, possibly, in
Egypt, Pakistan, Sudan,
Turkey and Ukraine, for
growing crops like corn,
rice, and soybeans, wheat
and alfalfa, a feed for
livestock. At present,
most agri-products are
imported. Saudi Arabia is
the largest importer of
barley and one of the top-
five rice importers.
The regional
'powerhouse' has entered
a second phase of
development as oil
windfalls are being
utilised to ignite a wave of
mega-projects. These
projects would help
achieve the government's
goals of diversifying the
economy, boosting non-
oil exports and balancing
(continued on page 25)


Church
(continued from page 23)
heritage of their
Churches. Second,
Catholics of the East are
trying to prevent
heightening the barrier
between Catholicism and
Orthodoxy.
What, then, can be


done to restore East and
West to one faith and one
Church? Obviously a
reply to this burning
question is not easily
formulated. History
recalls unsuccessful
attempts to restore unity.
Disagreements from the
(continued on page 26)


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Page 25 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

COLORADO/UTAH


Secret Army
(continued from page 23)
inner workings remain
obscure. Its global
membership is not known,
but some estimates put it as
high as one million. The
extent to which its various
branches coordinate is also
not clear, nor is how the
organization is financed.
Traditionally HT has
been strong in Europe and
Central Asia, but in the last
two or three years the party
has gained popularity
across the Arab world,
despite being illegal in most
states. It has become
noticeably stronger in
Palestine, putting tens of
thousands of supporters at
rallies across the West
Bank. This reflects the
growing disaffection with
the fundamentalist Hamas
movement and the Muslim
Brotherhood and their
failure to reinvigorate the
much-battered Palestinian
society, as well as a more


general drift towards HT's
caliphate ambitions and a
Muslim revival.
The party is also
believed to be gathering
converts among
Palestinians in refugee
camps in Lebanon, where
the army took four months
to crush Sunni extremists in
the Nahr Al Bared camp
outside the northern port
city of Tripoli in 2007.
Hundreds of people were
killed. More arrests have
been reported in Syria,
where the regime ruthlessly
crushed the Muslim
Brotherhood in the early
1980s, as well as in Egypt,
Tunisia and Sudan.
In Morocco, 14 HT
members, mostly well-
educated men, were
arrested in October 2006
and most were convicted of
forming unauthorized
associations. Forty HT
members are believed to be
imprisoned in Jordan,
where the party has claimed
(continued on page 26)


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Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 24)
regional growth. The
authorities initiated a
National Industrial
Cluster Development
Programme to achieve
stated goals.
Planned investments to
be implemented under
public-private
partnerships, mostly in
infrastructure, real estate
schemes and
manufacturing sector,
over the mediumterm are
expected to reach $1
trillion, equal to 215% of
today's GDP.
Heavy capital spending
by Saudi Arabia should


also contribute to the
reduction of global trade
imbalances through
higher imports of goods
and services. National
Commercial Bank, the
kingdom's largest,
explained: "We keep track
of a number of projects
and it has been rising, and
with oil prices remaining
high ... we will probably
see a continuation for this
kind of phenomenon until
2015."
Huge construction is
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country, providing jobs,
homes and lucrative work
for project financiers and
engineering, procurement
(continued on page 27)


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Page 26 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Church
(continued from page 24)
Middle Ages to modem
times has worsened
relations. Another
irritation is found in the
activities of the Latin
clergy in the East --
activities which have
given Catholicism a
flavor too Western -- and
this has estranged
Orthodoxy. In addition,
this latter point is also an
annoyance to Eastern
Catholicism' s
effectiveness and growth.
Archbishop Nabaa
proposed a sound and
balanced approach: "It
will not be sufficient to
ask our Orthodox
brethren to accept our
faith and convince them
of the truth of our beliefs.
We must also meet them
in great charity, showing
that we respect their great
Christian traditions in a
catholic spirit. We must
show them that Christ's
Church is truly catholic
and open to East as well


Secret Army
(continued from page 25)
to have inroads into the
Hashemite kingdom's
military and civil service.
Brandon notes that HT
has apparently "failed to
gain significant traction in
countries like Egypt or
Oman whose people are
reluctant to see their
distinctive historical, ethnic
and cultural identities
submerged within a
caliphate. HT has also
floundered in Saudi Arabia
and the Gulf states where
political discourse is often
simplistic and clan-based.
Gulf citizens recognize that
a caliphate would force
them to share their oil
wealth with the rest of the
Muslim world."
But if Hizb-ut Tahrir is
failing to win mass support
in the wealthy Gulf states, it
has made inroads
elsewhere. In August 2007,
more than 80,000 members


as West. Our actions must
show that the catholicity
of the Church enables it to
include all human
institutions, civilizations
and national cultures, all
Christian traditions and
liturgies, without special
privileges for any country,
church, rite, or person.
There are no first-class or
second-class citizens in
Christ's Church, for all are
one in Christ."
This echoes St.
Augustine's sage counsel:
"In essentials, unity. In
non-essentials, liberty. In
all things, charity."
From these thoughts
one can catch a glimpse of
the unique role and
vocation of the Eastern
Catholic Churches to be
the bridge by which the
Orthodox Churches will
return to communion with
the Apostolic Sec. They
also give indication of the
delicate and complex
matters which have
divided Christianity.
May Christian unity
soon be restored.

filled a stadium in Jakarta,
capital of Indonesia, the
world's most populous
Muslim state, to call for the
return of the caliphate. It
was the party's biggest ever
public event. In Pakistan,
where HT was established
in 2000, the party has
accumulated considerable
strength and was banned
after 9/11 for alleged links
to extremist groups.
High-level defectors
SOME OF HT'S
LEADING lights have
begun to abandon the party
because they have come to
question its ideology and
purpose. Maajid Nawaz, a
British university student
from a Pakistani family
who have lived near
London for three
generations, and who
himself was one of HT's
leaders in the UK,
denounced the party in a
high-profile defection in
September 2007.
(continued on page 27)


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Business. He's father purchased the Business in
1960. They offer the largest selection of window
coverage from blinds, shutters and pleated shades,
even custom fit shutters. His selection is tailored to
fit any window and budget. He saves you money by
repairing if repairable. He don't try to over sell you.
Business or Residential he can take care of both.
And the prices are just as good for the residents
as the business.


Best Wishes From

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Best
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Wishes To Our Many
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anniversary she has. Happy Anniversary this December for 15
years in the Travel Business She has four employees including
her husband and son; she was drawn to the Travel business to
help have affordable travel. She is originally from Syria and her
husband is from Beirut, Lebanon.
He moved here along with his brother when he was 17 yrs
old, and started a Hairdresser business that he sold just a short
time ago, and Rania is pleased to have him with her business
Know. They really enjoy working together. A few years ago she
helped many lebanese people get refunds for the air fair and also
gave them information and helped them because they did not
speak English. She is a very good-hearted person with a great
family, her daughter is going to school to be a pharmacist, and
her son is a great asset to her business .Rania and her family is
great experts of travel info. Rania can arrange a trip of a lifetime
for you with world-class accommodations.
Happy Anniversity to Rania and Nicola & Rania's Travel.
Thanks!






Page 27 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008

CALIFORNIA


Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 25)
and construction (EPC)
companies. Thousands of
kilometres of new roads
and railway lines; water,
sewerage and electricity
plants; 4m new housing
units; industrial
expansion such as the
$22bn-plus Ras Tanura
refinery upgrade and
petrochemicals complex,
steel and aluminium; and
the ambitious $40bn
tourism master vlan for
the Red Sea coastline,
among other schemes,
will (once fully
completed) help meet
socio-economic
challenges and greatly
improve the productive
capacity of the national
economy. According to
the Saudi Arabian
General Investment
Authority (SAGIA),
housing investment
requirements [alone]
through to 2020 could
total $320bn. McKinsev
consultancy estimates that
infrastructural investment
has increased from 17%
of GDP to 30-35%. This,
in turn, indicates the sheer
amount of projects under


construction following a
period of sluggish growth
during the late 1980s and
1990s.
Keys to alleviating
regional disparities and
developing alternative
industries are building
seven new 'economic
cities' each focusing on
different sectors. Five of
the cities have been
officially launched King
Abdullah City, Medina
Knowledge city, Jizan
City, Prince Abdulaziz
Bin Mosaed City and
Sudair Industrial City (the
largest). They will be
funded by the private
sector, with SAGIA
acting as the
regulatorlpromoter of
these flagship projects.
The stateowned Saudi
Industrial Development
Fund would provide soft
loans for up to 50% of the
project costs, while
SAGIA has introduced
fiscal incentives and
100% ownership rights
for foreign companies
investing in various
projects.
(To Be Continued
in Next Month's Issue)


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Secret Arm
(continued from
Nawaz had
member for 1
had been seen
leader of the h
British branch.
the c
"spearheaded
radicalization o
and cultiv
atmosphere of
said that its
inevitably leads
He felt, he s
bound to r
phenomenon o
inspired
interpretations"
Nawaz, a k
says he help
Hizb-ut Tahrir
in 1999-2000.
sent him to
September
ostensibly hi
was to study A


ly
page 26)
been an HT
2 years and
as a future
ighly active
He claimed
organization
+1,


fact it was to proselytise.
He was arrested in
Alexandria in April 2002
and spent four years in
prison. It was there, he
says, that jailed Islamic
scholars taught him that
HT's ideology ran counter
to the true meaning of


e Islam.
f the 1990s In April 2008, Nawaz
ated an and another senior
anger" and
anger and defector, Ed Husain,
ideology announced the formation
to violence. of the Quilliam
aid, 'duty- Foundation, a think-tank
dress the
dress the named after a 19th
f politically century English convert
theological to Islam and dedicated to
combating radical
y recruiter, Islamist ideologies.
d establish Husain said it would
in Pakistan promote pluralistic
The party values free from cultural
Egypt in baggage of the Indian
2001; sub-continent and the
s mission
s mission political burdens of the
rabic but in


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Page 28 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR December 2008
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