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The Syrian Lebanese star ( July 2008 )

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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Uniform Title:
Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Syrian Lebanese star
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltuf - ADA7472
oclc - 05165391
alephbibnum - 000579625
issn - 0193-2578
lccn - sn 79007351
System ID:
UF00028363:00073

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Uniform Title:
Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Syrian Lebanese star
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltuf - ADA7472
oclc - 05165391
alephbibnum - 000579625
issn - 0193-2578
lccn - sn 79007351
System ID:
UF00028363:00073


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$15.00 SUBSCRII


E


A Message from the Executive
Director, Hassan Jaber


Change has been a
hallmark of the last 12
months at ACCESS.
While change can be
difficult to manage, it can
also be a worthwhile
challenge that presents
unexpected opportunities.
In September 2007, the
co-founder of ACCESS,
Ismael Ahmed, was


appointed
b y
Michigan
Governor
Jennifer
Granholm
to the post
of Director of the
Department of Human
Services. While we will
(continued on page 13)


Nine years ago,
Denise Hajjar, a Boston-
based fashion designer
and devoted St. Jude
supporter, devised a novel
way to combine her two
passions. She founded
Big Dreams Start Small,


n


0:


an evening of food,
fashion and dancing to
benefit St, Jude. This,
year's gala, themed
Dressing to the Nines,
took place Sept. 29 at the
Marriott Copley Place
(continued on page 7)


St. Jude & Gymboree Ring
Nasdaq Bell, Mark Season of
"Thanks and Giving"
Marlo Thomas, Marlo's sister Terre, as
national outreach well as St. Jude patients
director of St. Jude, and Megan,
Iatt McCauley, the CEO Alexis, Will and
f Gyboree Corp., rang Johmel, were also on
ie Nasdaq closing bell hand for the event, which


Monday, Nov. 19.


(continued on page 9)


A Good
Friend and
Wonderful
Woman:
Renee (Sadie)
Dawood


Renee (Sadie)- Grey
Dawood, 92, of
Jacksonville, Florida
passed away May 27,
2008 at McGraw
(continued on page 6)

Heart of
Tomorrow
Award:
Elias Farah








Presented to a
volunteer under the age
(continued on page 8)


This Week's
Winner
is...Michael
DeBakery
The
famed

surgeon =,.

DeBakey -
can add
the Congressional Gold
Medal to his long list of
honors. President Bush
presented DeBakey with
the medal during a
ceremony Wednesday in
the Capitol Rotunda. The
Houston surgeon
pioneered such
procedures as heart
bypass and has invented -


(continued on page 6)


Criticism Over Rachel Ray
Scarf Opens Wounds for Arabs


Palestinian-American Dunkin' Donuts said
designer Nime Jamal (right) Wednesday it canceled an
poses with Miss online advertisement
Massachusetts 2005, Kristin featuring celebrity chef.
Gauvin. Gauvin is wearing Rachael Ray after
a dress designed by Jamal complaints that a scarf she
that features the kaffiyeh. wore in the ad offers
symbolic support for
To Palestinian- terrorism.


American designer Nemi
Jamal, the controversy
surrounding a fringed
black-and-white scarf


worn by Rachael Ray in
an ad for iced coffee is
"just a disgrace."
(continued on page 7)


Two Albert Johary, M.D. Seeks the
Americans of Office of Vice President, 2008-09
Middle who support him in his


Eastern
Heritage
Honored
Petty Officer 2nd
Class Michael Monsoor
was posthumously
awarded the highest
U.S. Military tribute,
the Medal of Honor, on
April 8,2008.
(continued on page 8)


Postcard Istanbul


The Al
ancient
Turkey i


Worshipping with Turkey's
Unconventional Minority
The lights never went
out, and the rumored
orgy failed to
materialize. Still, from
the point of view
Turkey's Sunni Muklim
authorities, a hundred
evis think their other heresies were
faith can point committed on a recent
n the right direction (continued on page 9)


Dr. Albert Johary
appreciates all those


bid tor the Vice
Presidency of the
Southern Federation of
Syrian Lebanese
American Clubs.
Dr. Johary is

(continued on page 8)


Ul
00


C.)
I0 -
I.IL


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(D Cf F- Q C
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(DL F ) W C:)
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THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY
SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 45 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD, AMERICAN LEBANESE CONGRESS
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
?TION www.syrianlebanesestar.com XLV


Designer Denise Hajjar
Tailors Fashionably Fun
Night to Benefit St. Jude


Heather Unruh, designer and gala founder Denise Hajjar
andALSACCEO John P Moses dressed to the nines for the
ninth annual Big Dreams Start Small gala


#5 JULY 2008


#


S






Page 2 Tiii: SYRIAN-LEIANESE STAR July 2008


Bateh-Bajalia

SBonnie
Nico I e
Bajalia, St.
Augustine,
4' and Dr.
Ronnie M.


(continued on page 10)
Obitu:
Sayaf
Fr. George Sayaf fell
asleep in the lord, Tuesday,
May 20, 2008 in
Cincinnati, Ohio. He was
born on November 23,
1939 in Damascus Syria.
(continued on page 10)


Baca-Bateh
Ta mnmy

Jacksonville,
.and Justin
B a c a
Oceanside,
(continued on page 10)
aries
Farah
Katherine Ghannam
Farah was born on
November 29, 1932 and
passed away on May 26,
2008. She was the
(continued on page 10)


Attorney and Counselor at Law

Gregg Allen


Williams, P.A.

Criminal Defense & Personal Injury
Child Support & Traffic


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Jacksonville, FL 32202


(904) 358-8180
Cell (904) 343-9986


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PARTIES FOR ANY OCCASION OUR


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,Our Ma
& Lel
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SPECIALS


Jacksonville News
Weddings


Three
Moussa


years ago,
Maida's


Maida quickly
mastered English,
excelled in high
school and was off to
college with dreams
of becoming a doctor.
(continued on page 11)


Tough Guys Love Kids, Too
"Through the years, St. Jude Children's
Research Hospital was always, always
on my mind. I heard about it, and it
stuck like gum on my shoe."
by Tony Sirico


Tony Sirico and 8-year-old
patient Gina Mulieri at a St.
Jude fundraiser in New York













CentoA
CHURRASCARIA


PLACE OR YOURS?


ny Syrian. i
banese oyster ba"
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omers

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"BEST QUARTER BUSHEL OF STEAMED OYSTERS AT THE
QUALITY FISH AND SHELLFISH


BEACHES"


I'm an old tough guy.
You've got problems? If I
can help you, that's good.
But a kid who has
problems? I don't know
why it is, but kids just get
to me. And if they're sick,
I'll do anything I can do
(continued on page 11) -
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Victim Dreamed of
Being Doctor
The Englewood High grad was
ambushed as he opened the
family store on Sunday.
father brought ]
family from Syria
Jacksonv.ille for
better life.


COMPLIMENTS OF:
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Fax: (904) 731-4492
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[ Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008


The Last Word
They came, they saw or pretended to see
talked (at each other) and they went;
half the leaders of nations we in the media
call 'the Arab world' even though half its
inhabitants are not ethnically Arab. The
Arab Summit in Damascus was the
summit that never was.


Heavyweights who
pull the political and
economic train of the
Middle ,East, such as
Egypt and Saudi Arabia,
attended in name if not in
spirit; they downgraded
their delegations to junior
diplomats and Jordan and
some Gulf nations
followed their lead.
The Iraqis didn't mince
their words. They issued a
statement objecting to the
final communique for
failing to condemn
terrorism in Iraq". And
they also failed to
acknowledge Baghdad's


ettorts to toster national
reconciliation", their
deputy prime minister
told reporters as he left in
a huff.


(continued on page 11)


VOTE

AUGUST 26
City Council District 10

IT'S TIME FOR James Evans-Muhammad
REAL CHANGE
New Leadership... putting families first
Paid Political Adv. paid for and approved by James Evans Muhammad
for City Council. District 10 (D)
904-318-1684.




Mobile Mixologyi
Mobile tSeverage Cateriwn for private an d orporate functions
/ll You nee for a stress-free event!
IKeserve four date today for all your Gelebrations.!
www.otivrtwist.cor (904) 241-6858


S4Houri
lEmergencyl
Srice/


Holidays of Obligation, or
Holidays of Opportunity


Holidays are
usually regarded in
terms of obligation
and imposition. But
should they not be
considered rather as
graced times of.
opportunity to mark a
special mystery of
our faith?
In recent years
holidays have come
in for a good deal of
di s cu s s i on ,
evaluation, and
renewal.
As early as the
fourth century, St.
John Chrysostorn was
concerned about the
celebration of
holidays in
Constantinople.
- This Father and
Doctor of the Church
commented in a
homily that "Many
people celebrate the
holidays and know
their names; but of
their history,
meaning, and origin


By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
they know nothing."
Today this challenge
persists, and needs to
be addressed anew.
We might respond to
the Bishop of
Constantinople in the
words of our earliest
forebears in the faith:
How can I know the
meaning and history
of the holidays and
other feasts".
unless someone
explains it to me"
(Acts 8:31).
The comment of St.
John Chrysostom and
the words of the Acts
(continued on page 12)


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Want to buy?
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You want to call
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651-6628 705-7154
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., a P


In Exodus chapter 3:
13,14 Moses said to
God, LL When I come
unto the children of
Israel and shall say ufito
them, the God of your
fathers hath sent me
unto you, and they shall
say to me, what is His
Name? What shall I say
unto 'them?" Verse 14,
"God said unto Moses, I
AM that I AM and He
said thus shalt thou say
unto the children of
Israel, I AM hath sent
me unto you." Abraham
was called a friend of
God. He spoke to God
face to face. He never
dared to say I and my
father are one. Moses
stayed with God for
forty days and forty


Rev. Fred Massabni
nights. He was used by
God to bring Israel out
of Egypt to the
promised land. He never
dared to say I and my
Father are one, and
many others. Prophets
such as Elias and the
disciples of Jesus Christ
who raised people from
the dead, no one could
dare to say I and my
Father are one. Jesus-as
the true and the only
(continued on page 12)


Best Wishes From
M.J. SIMON
REAL ESTATE CONSULTANT
904-356-2489
432 East Monroe Street Jacksonville, FL
Best Wishes to our Many
Syrian and Lebanese Friends and
Customers
Glover Painting
& Drywall Inc.
Drywall Tile Work
Fire Restoration
(904) 476-2211
6047 St. Augustine Rd. Jacksonville, FF 32216


Green Cards Work Visas Labor Certification
Deportations Citizenship
Adjustment of Status


Special Rates for Corporations
Payment Plans Available
(904) 779-0111
8563 Argyle Business Loop, Suite 5
Jacksonville, FL = f1


9850 Atlantic Blvd. Jacksonville, FL

(904) 725-0911
1 block east of Regency Square Mall


Ashwin Sharma


Erik Fernandez
Aleftal. Allstate Exclusive Agent
.. (904) 292-1054
I Fax: (904) 260-7990
-- --.. Cell: (904) 803-6919
Auto Personal Homeowners
Life Insurance Motocycles
3020 Hartley Road Ste. 220 Jacksonville, FL 32257
www.allstate.com/084526/Welcome


Believe It Or Not







I Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008 11


On February 1,
members of the Lebasyr
Heritage Society and their
guests attended the
organization's Officers
Installation Banquet, held
at the Town Club on
Corpus Christi Bay.
The keynote. address,
"A Short History of the
Federation," was


delivered by Peggy
Anawaty Karam,
Historian of the Southern
Federation of Syrian
Lebanese. American
Clubs, and her husband,
Richard Karam,
Chairman of the
Federation's Cultural
Committee.
Ms, Karam wore the


very baseball cap her
father, Bill Anawaty-one
of the founders and most
faithful supporters of the
Federation-wore during a
hotly contested game in
the early 1930s. It was
this and other
competitions between
teams of Beaumont, Port
(continued on page 13)


Michael A.
Hiffa Vice
President
in 2008


The momentum is
exciting, so why stop it? I
would like the
opportunity to continue
(continued on Page 13)


Texas News
Lebasyr Heritage Society, Corpus Christi
Installs New Officers


St. Augustine, FL


annual Christmas
of the Good


Fellowship Club of
Dallas, Texas was held on


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December 16 at Strattos
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members were in
attendance.
First row, seated: Jos
Malouf, Buddy Malouf,
Beth Malouf, Charles
Moses;
Second row: Aileen
Massad, Betty McKool,
Patsy Barton, Genevieve
Kimber, Joan Kimber,
David Mansour;
Third row: Sandy
Moses, Johnathon
Malour, Kim Moses,
Marc Malouf, George
Kimber, Greg Kimber.


UAM


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Good Fellowship Club, Dallas


The
party






Page 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan.
The Star is an independent monthly serving Americans
of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 45 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher...A. M. Coplan Editor...Toni M. Kara
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change.of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories,
pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201,
Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year


Seamless Gutters
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* 10 yr Labor Warranty I Your Seamless
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NOW OPEN
a dapper new restaurant with
an enticing menu in Bartram Walk


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rep eat. ,anne ,
Open Tues

104 BARTRAM OAKS WALK SUITE 101o 994-
Located between Miriam's and The Spa at Bartram Wal
of the Julington Creek Bridge on San Jose Boul


Scholarships From Federation
Mark Habib Hakim
Son of Joseph and Randa Hakim
Salaam Club, Tulsa, Oklahoma
t mSalaam Club of Tulsa. In Memory of
Adnan Roz
Donor: Salaam Club of Tulsa
Cedars of the Ozark Endowment
Donor: Cedars of Ozark, Springfield, MO
Oklahoma State University
Michael John Hanna
Son of Drs. Michael and Barbara
Hanna
Cedars Phoenician Club
Birmingham, Alabama
Phillip Saleh Memorial
Donor: Mrs. Gloria M. Saleh
In Memory of the Parents
of Dr. Bassam Bassam, Donor: Dr. Bassam Bassam
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Texas
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did not try to hide his
excitement. "I am
leaving in a few hours
to fly to Seoul and sign
a big contract with the
Koreans," he told TME
after a ceremony at the
Kurdish parliament in
(continued on page 17)


Dawood
(continued from page 1)
Community Hospice. She
was born May 11, 1916 in
Detroit, Michigan to
Albert and Sylvia Grey
who were immigrants
from Horns, Syria. Renee
lived in Detroit until .1945
when she moved to
Jacksonville with her
husband, Fred, and their
children. Renee was a
lifelong member of the
Salaam Club, the Molaka
Club, -and the Syrian


DeBakery
(continued from page 1)
'medical devices to help
heart patients. He's also


Ladies. Renee spent years
volunteering with the
Cathedral Gerontology
Center and the Memorial
Hospital Auxillary. After
serving 25 years,
Memorial Hospital
honored her with a Life
Membership. Renee was
a devoted parishioner of
Christ Church in Detroit
during her youth and both
St. John's Cathedral and
All Saints Episcopal
Church in Jacksonville
(continued on page 14)


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Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

JACKSONVILLE, FL


THE SAUDI
ARABIAN currency,
the Saudi Riyal (SR),
has long been pegged
to the US dollar.
Currently the kingdom
is experiencing strong
levels of growth, on
the back of the


Ray
(continued from page 1)
Dunkin' Donuts pulled
the ad last week after
critics said the scarf worn
by the television chef
symbolized Muslim
extremism and terrorism.
Not to Jamal, born in


increase in oil prices.
However, the US
economy is
experiencing a very
different trajectory,
with the US Federal
Reserve repeatedly
cutting interest rates


(continued on page 18)


Jericho and now living in
New City, N.Y, who said
the kaffiyeh, the
traditional Arab
headdress, is no fashion
faux pas but a symbol of
nationalism. She's among
the Arab-Americans who
say the comments are
(continued on page 14)-


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Benefit
(continued from page 1)
Hotel in downtown
Boston and raised more
than $200,000.
The evening featured a
fashion show highlighting
Hajjar's fall collection.
WCVB-TV's Health Beat
reporter and news anchor,
Heather Unruh,
welcomed guests to the


event, and John P. Moses,
ALSAC CEO, inspired
the crowd with stories
about the work being
done at St. Jude.
After dinner, guests bid
on auction items that
included a signed cleat
and photograph set from
Boston Red Sox David
Ortiz, gift certificates to
Bostonarea restaurants
and unique items such as


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Saudi Arabia and the $ Peg
The first impact of floating the riyal
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depreciate Saudi Arabia's export
earnings and foreign asset holdings-






Page 8 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

JACKSONVILLE, FL


Farah
(continued from page 1)
of 18 who has given
extraordinary service to


Honored
(continued from page 1)
President George W.
Bush presented the
Medal to parents Sally
and George Monsoor of
Garden Grove,
California.
During combat
actions in September
2006, the elite Navy
SEAL threw himself on
top of a grenade to
protect his comrades. He
is the first in the Navy to
receive the Medal of
Honor for efforts in
Iraq.
!Before his death,
Monsoor was the
recipient of a Silver Star
for rescuing a wounded
Nave SEAL during the
same deployment.
Monsoor is buried at
Fort Rosecrans across
the bay from SEAL
headquarters in
Coronado.


their community.
Sponsored by Coggin
Automotive.


Renowned heart
surgeon Dr. Michael
DeBakey of Lake
Charles, Louisiana and
Houston, Texas,
received the U.S.
Congressional Gold
Medal, the nation's
highest civilian honor,
in ceremonies held in
Washington, D.C.
DeBakey, who before
graduation from college
had invented a
mechanism that
revolutionized heart
surgery, accepted the
tribute from the
Congress and President
Bush.
In addition to
countless ground-
breaking, stateof- the-art
innovations in the field
of heart medicine,
DeBakey is credited
with establishing the
concepts which led to
the use of MASH units
in combat areas.


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I first visited Doha
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i it was a quiet, sleepy,
little place, more like a
small town than a capital
city. The article I
subsequently wrote was.
S illustrated with a picture
S of the city's unusual pink
clock that stood in the
centre of the town. Most
The Emir of Qatar Sheikh articles on Doha were
Hamad bin Khalifa Al -p
Than, the instigator of the illustrated with a picture
Doha Forum for of "that clock" because,
democracy, development
and free trade. (continued on page 31)
Johary track record of
(continued from page 1) dependability and
MOTIVATED, service to our beloved
DEDICATED, Federation.
ENERGETIC, and Dr. Johary has served
WILLING TO SERVE. as Chairman of the
He is a hard worker who Board for two
has had a decade-long (continued on page 14)


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Page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

JACKSONVILLE, FL


ZIst Century Arab Women


(Left To Right) Queen Rania of Jordan, Asma Assad of Syria, and Princess Lalla Salma of
Morocco. The wives of the region's new, young rulers are already making an impact at
home and abroad. Previously, leaders' wives were rarely seen or written about.


In May 2003, shortly
after Qatar approved a
constitution that granted
women the right to vote
and run for office, the
country got its first female
Cabinet member. Tunisia
has six women Cabinet
members while Jordan


Istanbul
(continued from page 1)
evening at the Alevi
;Muslim prayer service in


_- /e
ei4anateeafe

/ IafIt/, ,


has three. Oman saw a
number of women
candidates succeed in
local elections last year
and the country appointed
its first woman Minister it
last month.
Arab women are not
turning away from their


Istanbul's working-class
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traditional as wives and
mothers but increasingly
seeking to combine them
with a career outside the
home. And certainly there
are no shortage of role
models, all of them
leading front the front.
Queen Rania of Jordan,
(continued on page 36)


flirting with boys in the
open entrance hall. Then
there was the laxity: With
no call to prayer ringing
from loudspeakers,


CPA-
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St. jude
(continued from page 1)
marked the official
launch day of the Thanks
and Giving fundraising
campaign.
The kids were
outfitted in fashionable
Gymboree clothing.
Gymboree Corp., which
includes Gymboree,
Gymboree Outlet, Crazy
8 and Janie and Jack, is a
Thanks and Giving
partner. At the moment
the bell was rung and for
several minutes
thereafter, Nasdaq
devoted its mammoth
Marketsite Tower
electronic billboard at
Times Square to a
Thanks and Giving
advertisement.


worshipers straggled in
late, while one of the
religious leaders joked
about having to compete
with TV sitcoms. When
(continued on page 15)


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

JACKSONVILLE, FL


Bateh-Bajalia
(continued from page 2)
Bateh, Jacksonville,were


married at
Saturday at
Conception
Church.
* The bride,
Julia and
Bajalia, St.


4:30 p.m.
Immaculate
Catholic

daughter of
Nicholas
Augustine,


graduated from Penncrest
High School in Media,
Pa., and is employed by
Bank of America.
The groom, son of
Ren6e and David M.
Bateh, Jacksonville,

Baca-Bateh
(continued from page 2)
Calif., were married at 4
p.m. June 1 in St. George
Antiochian Orthodox
Church.
The bride, daughter of
Karimen and Kamal
Bateh, Jacksonville,
graduated from Ed White
High School and manages
her family's business.
The groom, son of
Joyce and Frank Baca,


Sayaf
(continued from page 2)
He is survived by his
loving wide of 40 years
Eleftheria; his son Dr.
Konstantine Sayah
(Anita); his daughter
Nazira SayafWaldo
(Ashley);grand children


graduated from Bishop
Kenny High School,
Jacksonville University
and the University of
California San Francisco
Medical School. He is
employed by Northeast
Florida Endocrine and
Diabetes Association as a
physician.
The bride's sister, Gina
Bajalia, was the maid of
honor. The groom's
brother, Bradley Bateh,
was the best man..
The couule will live in
Jacksonville.

Oceanside, graduated
from El Camino High
School and is serving in
the U.S. Army as a
combat engineer.
The bride's sister,
Heather Rodriguez, was
the maid of honor. The
bride's brother-in-law,
Dennis Rodriguez, was
the best man.
Following a trip to Key
West, the couple will live
in Germany.


Christen Goerge Waldo,
Anthony Robin Waldo and
Kalista Marie Sayaf. His b
others and sisters the late
Zaki Sayaf (Kakapo), the
late Saleem Sayaf (Mary),
Bishara Sayaf (Liala),.
Tony Sayah (Riyam), Sami
Sayaf (Seham) The Rev.
Mother Pelajia Sayah,


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Lialo Sayaf,and Nawal
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by many nieces and
nephews, and grand nieces
and nephews.Fr. George


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Farah
(continued from page 2)
daughter of Easa and
Zahweh Ghannam. She
was pre-deceased by her


husband, Elias "Louie"
Farah and brother Fuad
Ghannam. She is survived
by her sons: Abe
(continued on page 15)


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Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

JACKSONVILLE, FL


Victim
(continued from page 2)
He worked tirelessly
at his father's
Ar 1 in g ton
convenience store,
where customers
appreciated his smile
and kindness.
Sunday morning, a
gunman ambushed
and fatally shot the
19-year-old as he


Tough Guy
(continued from page 2)
to help them.
I was born during the
war, and as a kid in the
early '50s, I used to watch
Danny Thomas on Make
Room for Daddy. Later
on, I heard that he had
created a hospital for sick
children with cancer and
that he had named it after
St. Jude -- the patron saint
of the hopeless. That was
very important to me.
Through the years, St.
Jude Children's Research


opened the Snappy
Food Store at Merrill
Road and Trollie
Lane. Police
continued to hunt for
his killer Monday as
people dropped off
flowers outside the
business and friends
and family wept over
his loss.
"He had his whole

(continued on page 31)


Hospital was always,
always on my mind. I
heard about it, and it stuck
like gum on my shoe.
Early on in my acting
career, I wasn't able to
help the kids at St. Jude as
much as I would have
liked. I've struggled all
my life, but I've gotten
lucky these last several
years, and I've devoted
myself to giving it back.
In my kitchen, I have
pictures of kids who are
being taken care of at St.
Jude -- pictures that the
(continued on page 31)


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(continued from page 3)
A flurry of activities
preceded the summit,
reflecting a sense of crisis
that doomed the gathering
before it began. American
secretary of state,
Condoleezza Rice, was in
the region to give the
stagnant Israeli
Palestinfmin peace process
the customary nudge -
and by doing so providing
conspiracy theorists with


a juicy bone to chew on:
they claimed the US was
attempting to prevent her
allies attending the
summit. Those allies
however, Egypt, Saudi
Arabia, Jordan and the
majority of Gulf nations
had their own reasons to
avoid Damascus. The
regime of President
Bashar Al Assad has been
plotting with Iran, Arab
diplomats insist, to block
the democratic process in
Lebanon, thereby


impeding the selection of
a new president who will
not necessarily be
sympathetic to Damascus.
Syria both Arab and
western diplomats agree -
are hindering the progress
of ongoing investigations
into the assassination of
Lebanese nationalist
prime minister, Rafiq


Hariri, two years ago.
They allege Damascus
has worked to block the
election of a president
who would fully
cooperate with the
international commission
investigating Hariri's
murder, to prevent a
decision that could
(continued on page 16)


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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

CENTRAL FLORIDA


Holidays
(continued from page 3)
of the Apostles invite
us to do some
homework, and to
draw a historical
perspective on
holidays of
obligation, which are
really opportunities
to celebrate, to
renew, and to enrich
our faith .
What can we do?
To acquire an
understanding and to
develop an
appreciation of the
history, meaning, and
origin of holidays
celebrated in the
U.S.A., we can call
up some helpful
h i s t o r i c a 1
background. Do we
know why we
celebrate in the U.S.
the six holidays we
have now rather than
other feasts? Do we
understand that
holidays vary from
one country to
another?
What is a holiday
of obligation? A
simple answer is that
a holiday is an
important feast of
Our Lord, Mary, or
the saints that
Catholics are morally
obliged to observe by


participating in the
celebration of the
Eucharist and
abstaining from
unnecessary servile
work. These days are
made solemnities like
a Sunday in terms of
festivity and
observance because
of their special
importance and
meaning for the local
Church.
To understand
holidays of
obligation and their
meaning in our life of
liturgical worship, it
is first necessary to
understand and
appreciate the nature
of the liturgical year
and its re-
presentation of our
salvation history. It is
difficult to enjoy
something of which
we know little.
Our American
Catholic history t e 1
1 s us why in the
U.S.A. six holidays
of obligation have
special significance.
Why do we observe
six of ten once
prescribed by Church
law, and why do other
countries observe
different feasts?
Before we received
the current Code of
(continued on page 1.6)


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Believe
(continued from page 3)
Son of God, who is
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of Nazareth, God in the
flesh: the same way you
and your word and your
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(continued on page 18)


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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

FLORIDA


Lebasyr
(continued from page 4)
Arthur, Houston, and,
later, Corpus Christi, San
Antonio, and other Texas
cities, that were the
impetus for Syrian and
Lebanese Texans' to
converge, leading to the
founding of the
Federation in 1931.
Richard Karam, Past
President of the
Federation, installed the
new officers of the
Lebasyr Heritage Society.
President Janice
Gennaway presented a
plaque to outgoing

Jaber
(continued from page 1)
miss his day-to-day
leadership, we are
committed to -honoring
the legacy Ismael left
behind
Ismael's ability to
nurture an organization is
unmatched- ACCESS
began in a storefront 36


President, Donald E.
Hanna, DDS, who had
served for two years. Dr.
Hanna announced that
this installation banquet
was dedicated to the
Society's two most senior
members, Virginia Sahadi
and Helen Chakur, both of
whom are in their
nineties.
Also installed were
Therese Shamoun, Vice
President; Lucy Hanna
Lee, Recording Secretary;
Rose Farah,
Corresponding Secretary;
Norma Hanna, Reporter;
and Fahed Hanna, New
Board Member.

years ago, and is now an
organization with go
programs housed in seven
facilities, servicing tens
of thousands of people
Each year. Also
unprecedented is Ismael's
remarkable knack for
bringing people together
across cultural boundaries
and building bridges
(continued on page 17)


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Hiffa
(continued from page 4)
building upon the
foundation I have laid
over the past two years as
Executive Board
Chairman.
As* your Vice
President, I am
committed to utilizing
technology to
communicate with new
members and to broaden
our reach and influence as
an organization. My
second major focus as
Vice President will be to
continue what we have
begun, and that is to
involve our young
professionals with a
dedicated voice to ensure
they have a future in the
Federation. This group
has energized me and
demonstrated how critical
their involvement is to the
well-being and future
growth of this great
organization. As your
Vice President, I pledge
to work with this group
and increase its
membership. I have been
involved with the
Southern Federation for
over twentyeight years.


During this time I have
taken an active role in
various leadership
positions. I have served as
Georgia State Vice
President, Executive
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my candidacy for Vice
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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

FLORIDA


Ray
(continued from page 7)
inaccurate and show
prejudice.
"The Palestinian
people consider this their
flag," said Jamal, who has
designed jeans,
pocketbooks and neck ties
with the scarves. "People
often have these in their
cars and on key rings. It is
about pride and class
struggle, and nothing else.
To say it stands for what


they've said is just a
disgrace."
Once the trademark
headwear of former
Palestinian leader Yasir
Arafat, the hatta, as it is
also called, dates back
centuries and is used to
shield those who live in
the desert from the
relentless sun and dust
storms. Some wear the
cotton cloth as a turban,
while others wear it
draped against their back
(continued on page 19)


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Dawood
(continued from page 6)
for the remainder of her
life. Renee will be
remembered for her gift
of hospitality, love of
children, and nurturing
spirit. Renee is survived
by her three children:
Elsie Harris-Dutter (Bill),
Tiffie Mackoul (Al), and
Peter Dawood (Susan).
She is also survived by six
grandchildren: Jeff Harris
(Kim), Scott Harris
(Brenda), Todd Harris,
Allison Elian Lange
(Paul), Trisha Dawood
Bowles (Houston) and D.
Pete Dawood. She also
leaves behind seven
beautiful great
grandchildren: Forrest,


Johary
(continued from page 8)
consecutive years and as
Chairman of the
Scholarship Committee
for three years. In
addition, he has served
on Task Force 20/20,
helping to improve our
Scholarship program.
More recently, Dr.
Johary has been actively
involved in the Kahlil
Gibran Memorial
Restoration Committee.
On behalf of the Gibran
Committee and our
Federation, he traveled
to Washington D.C.,


Max, and Grey Harris;
and Irie, Eden, Benjamin,
and Grayson Lange. Also
left to mourn her loss is
her last sibling, her
younger sister Mary Grey
Latiff and several loving
nieces and nephews. A
celebration of Renee's life
was held at All Saints
Episcopal Church
Thursday, May 29, 2008.
The Reverend Thomas W.
Deppe presided. In lieu of
flowers, the family
requests contributions to
Community Hospice
(4266 Sunbeam Road,
Jacksonville, FL 32257 or
www.communityhospice.
com) or St. Jude's
Children's Hospital
(www.stjudetribute.org) .


where he and other
committee members met
with the Ambassador of
Lebanon to the United
States, several Lebanese
American congressmen,
and officials of the
Saudi Arabia Embassy,
in order to determine the
best approach to the
restoration of the Khalil
Gibran Memorial,
which had fallen into
disrepair.
As Vice President,
Dr. Johary hopes to
engage in discussions
with the state Vice
(continued on page 32)


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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

FLORIDA/GEORGIA


Istanbul
(continued from page 9)
the service did start, it
was far from the austere,
silent genuflection
associated with Sunni
prayer. There were
sermons, call-and-
response sessions, rituals
such as a boy-girl hand-
washing session, and a
lighting of lamps, along
with long stretches of
traditional music and
singing.
And if their style of
worship appears out of
sync with that preferred
by Turkey's conservative
Sunni, ruling party,
consider the Alevis'
politics: They are
Muslims, but their
doctrine is unflinchingly
progressive, favoring
abortion, gay rights,
equal opportunity for
women, and pacifism.
They praise everyone
from Buddhists to
Baptists, and admit to
liberal borrowing from
many faiths. They don't
believe in heaven or hell,
don't perform the Hajj
pilgrimage, and don't
face Mecca when they
pray. God, they like to
say, resides in people, not
-in mountains or stones.
In the current turmoil
over Turkey's identity
that pits political Islam
against staunch
'secularism in the courts
and on the streets, the
Alevis offer a third way
- a faith-based
humanism big enough to
incorporate both piety
and modernity. Indeed,
Alevi Islam is as layered


as the ceremonial dress
worshipers sometimes
wear, originating in pre-
Islamic times when the
Turks were nomadic
horsemen in Central
Asia. Their circular
prayer rooms, veneration
of horses and
participation in sports
such-as javelin throwing,
all predate the quasi-
Shi'ite form of Islam they
later adopted (Alevi
means "follower of Ali,"
the grandson of the
Prophet Muhammad
venerated in Shi'ism).
They say the Koran is
open to interpretation,
and temper its teachings
with such Alevi dictums
as "control your hand,
your groin and your
tongue."
That the Alevi are such
a large group -
anywhere from 15% to
30% of Turkey's
population, depending on
who's counting makes
it all the more
confounding that the
Sunni-led AK Party
doesn't even recognize
them as a religion. The
Alevi are also up against
secular Turkey's greatest
irony the Religious
Affairs Directorate, a
massive state-run
bureaucracy whose
billion-dollar budget
employs- 88,500 people
and funds mosques,
churches and
synagogues, but refuses
to recognize Alevi
cemevi meeting halls as
places of worship. To do
so, argues Directorate
(continued on page 19)


Farah
(continued from page 10)
(Marlene), Ray, Mike
(Karen) and Jim (Hanya)
and her daughter Joan
Farah Edwards (James);
six grandchildren -
Angela Farah, Michael
Farah, Rachel Edwards,
Garrett Edwards, Elias
Farah and Leana Farah;
Brothers Shawqi
Ghannam (Lorice), Adel
Ghannam (Laurice), and
sister Adla Ajlouny
(Anton). As a young lady,


she immigrated to the
U.S. with her family,
settling in Detroit,
Michigan. She remained
in Detroit until she met
and married Louie Farah,
after which they relocated
to Jacksonville. Katherine
was a great supporter to
Louie in their business, as
well as being very active
in the Ramallah Club of
Jacksonville, St. George
Antiochian Orthodox
Church, and the local
Ramallah community.


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Among the many people
that knew Katherine, all
would agree that she was
an extremely dedicated
wife, sister, mother,
grandmother and friend.
She was generous. She
was a strong yet
compassionate person,
giving unconditional love
to her family and friends.


She set high standards and
goals for her family and
expected them to excel at
any task they undertook.
She had high ethical and
moral values and lived her
life according to the
principles of respect,
forgiveness, personal
integrity and
(continued on page 20)


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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

FLORIDA/GEORGIA


Last Word
(continued from page 11)
implicate Syrians in the
crime.
Although Lebanon.
was a sticking point in
the weeks running up to
the summit, the main
source of anger is
Syria's close
cooperation and
association with Iran,
seen by Cairo, Riyadh
and Amman as a serious
threat to the stability of
the region.
Arab League
secretary general, Amr
Moussa, said the
conference displayed a
"lack of trust among
Arab states". Iraqi
foreign minister Hasher
Zebra complained to
Arab TV that the
paragraph on -Iraq in the
final communique "was
contrary to what was
previously agreed by
Arab foreign ministers
in their pre-summit
meeting in Cairo". He
blamed Syria directly
for changing the content
of the agreed statement.
Key Arab issues are
rarely resolved in large-
scale meetings, even
those convened at the
summit level.
The problem with the
whole concept of the
Arab League is that it is
like a tin of tuna well
past its sell-bydate, and
the fact is very much
known to the man left
holding it, he must carry
on advertising the
product, although he
would not dare to serve
it for fear of causing
widespread food
poisoning.
"The lacklustre ritual
of an annual Arab
summit conference,
which was introduced
and endorsed in Cairo in
2000, has overrun its
usefulness," said an
editorial in the Cairo
mass circulationAl
Ahram. The Arab
League, designed by the


British in the 1940s as a
pro-London axis
between Cairo and
Riyadh, was
unexpectedly hijacked
by Arab nationalists
following the 1948
Arab-Israeli war. It was
later exploited by
dictators like Colonel
Nasser and Saddam
Hussein to further their
demagogic causes rather
than developing
naturally into an
economic zone like the
European Common
Market the forerunner
of the European Union -
or the Gulf Co-
operation Council.
During the Damascus
summit, Libya's Colonel
Muammar Gaddafi, a
man known neither for
subtlety nor sense, was
seen walking up and
down the arena around
which the delegates sat,
predicting, in a loud
voice, a Saddam
Hussein-like fate for
"all Arab rulers",
Examining the
summit's final
communique, calling
for a commitment to
bolstering Arab
solidarity to protect the
safety, security and
sovereignty of Arab
nations and a request for
non-interference in the
internal affairs of other
states, in addition to
implementing the
resolutions of Arab
Summits and Arab joint
work organizations,
supporting and
improving the role of
the Arab League and its
efforts to develop the
Arab work system,
bears no relation to
reality on the ground,
leaving the outcome of
the entire meeting with
just about the same
amount of credibility as
Colonel Gaddafi's
words of higher
wisdom.


Holidays
(continued from page 12)


Canon
promulgated in
holidays


Law
1983,


obligation were
regulated by the 1918
Code of Canon Law.
The same ten
holidays for
observance were
required by both the
1918 and 1983
Codes. Exceptions
were made by the
Holy See in special
agreements with
various countries.
When the 1918 Code
became effective, the
Church in the United
States was permitted
to continue observing
the six holidays
designated by the
U.S. bishops at the


Third Plenary
Council o f Baltimore
in 1884.
Sunday, the Lord's
Day, is the focus of
the entire liturgical
year, the day on
which we celebrate
our salvation in

(continued on page 21)

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Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

GEORGIA/SOUTH CAROLINA


Jaber
(continued from page 13)
between communities.
This organization is
built on dedicated people
who are committed to the
well-being of our
community. We have been
blessed with a board of
directors who have
guided this organization
to new heights and I thank
them for their leadership.
We are also fortunate to
have leadership bench
strength not only at the
executive level, "but
throughout our entire
organization.
I am very optimistic
about the future of
ACCESS. We will
continue to grow,
capitalizing on our
positive momentum. Our
efforts and dedication will
focus on supporting the


Arab American National
Museum and
strengthening the
National Network. We
remain committed to
improving our services to
the community, especially
to youth. Good customer
service will continue to be
the center of our day-to-
day business. We will
keep on providing support
to those adversely
affected by- Michigan's
serious economic
problems. And we will
redouble our devotion to
bringing people together,
doing our best to erase the
cultural boundaries that
divide us.
We are a successful
organization inspired by
our community and I am
(continued on page 21)


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Oil Emirate
(continued from page 6)
Erbil.
Shortly afterwards,
it was announced that a
memorandum of
understanding had
indeed been signed
with Korean president-
elect Lee Myung-Bak
to include the
exploration and the
development of four
oilfields in Kurdistan.
The deal requires
Korean construction
companies to develop
the local infrastructure
with the construction
of a $2bn, 450km
highway and $10bn
worth of "social
infrastructure",
including hospitals,


TARIK D.


schools, water supply
networks, and power
plants.
So far, the Kurds
have signed' about 20
Production Sharing
Agreements (PSA)
with foreign
independent oil
companies.. Despite
stern warnings by
Baghdad, Genel Enerji
and DNO were among
the first to sign with
the Kurdish
authorities, followed
by Heritage Oil,
Sterling Energy,
Woodside Petroleum,
Petoil, Perenco, OMV,
Dana Gas, Western Oil
Sands, Gulf Keystone
and Hunt.
(continued on page 21)


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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

NORTH CAROLINA/SOUTH CAROLINA


Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 7)
during the past year
and looks to be
continuing to do so this
year, in an effort to
stimulate growth to
ward off a recession,
which some say is
already in progress.
Some argue that the
peg is the leading
cause of the current 27-
year high inflation
rates (7% in January
08) in Saudi Arabia. Is
it time for the kingdom
to change its exchange
rate regime to a float?
Should it revalue its
peg to the US dollar?
Or should it stay fixed
at the current exchange
of 3.75 SR to $1.
Alan Greenspan,
former president of the
US Federal Reserve,
while visiting the
region, said that letting
the currency float
would lead inflation to
drop "significantly".
However, a closer
look at the composition
of the Saudi economy
shows that the rising
inflation does not
solely result from the
falling dollar.
Additionally, dropping
the peg or revaluing
the SR would have a
number of negative
consequences which do
not outweigh the
benefits, suggesting
that for the time being
maintaining the fixed
exchange rate is the
best policy.
The depreciating
dollar is only partially
responsible for the rise
in inflation. A closer


look at the product
basket shows the main
driver of inflation in
the kingdom (as in
other Gulf countries) is
real estate. These
prices have been going
up, independently of
the exchange rate, as a-
result of a supply
bottleneck. The
construction industry
is. booming in Saudi,
but is not growing fast
enough to meet
demand, resulting in
record prices. In
January 2008, rents
were up 16.7% year on
year. In neighboring
Oman rent increases of
50% are not unusual.
Another important
engine of inflation is
food and beverages,
which are rising
globally. The situation
in the kingdom was
exacerbated as a result
of the government
reductions of subsidies
on agricultural
products (as per WTO
regulations; the
kingdom joined the
organisation in 2005).
The way in which
the depreciating dollar
is supposed to impact
upon Saudi inflation is
through the cost of
imports from nondollar
currency countries--
mainly Europe--which
represent 25% of the
kingdom's total
imports.
Theory would point
to these euro-
denominated goods
becoming more
expensive in Saudi
Arabia, leading to
inflation but this has
(continued on page 22)


Believe
(continued from page 12)
careful of the devices of
the devil who deceived
many nations; 'the
smartest in the world,
by appearing to them as
an angel of light, and
then took them' to hell.
There is a short story
about a religious man
who died and found
himself in hell. He
asked the devil, Why am
I here? I was a good
man. I gave to the poor.
The devil answered
him, I saw you in my
territory all of your life.
We the Christians
believe in our God


almighty, that He can be
anyplace. It is known
that He is Spirit, filling
the whole universe in us
and around us. The
Bible says that Jesus is
the express image of the
invisible God. Col. 1:
15. He said, "I and my
Father are one."
John 10:3. Believe it
or not.
Worthy is the Lamb
of God that was slain to
pay for "the sins of
everyone who puts his
trust in Christ, the only
Son of God.


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


Ray
(continued from page 14)
and shoulders.
The traditional
headdress became
symbolic during the
Palestinian uprising
against the British
occupation from 1936 to
1939, and has been a
symbol of nationalism
ever since, according to
Rochelle Davis, an
assistant professor of
culture and society at


Georgetown University's
Center for Contemporary
Arab Studies.
"While it has
symbolism of solidarity
with Palestine, it is not
associated with terrorists
and does not show that
someone is sympathetic
to terrorism," Davis said.
"To say that is just
incorrect."
But blogs had buzzed
about the scarf in the
Dunkin' Donuts ad, with
(continued on page 23)


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Istanbul
(continued from page 15)
head Ali Bardakoglu,
would be heresy. Last
year, AKP lawmaker
Mustafa Ozbayrak,
referring to Alevi
demands that they be
allocated state funds,
said, "If you give this to
the Alevis, will you give
the Satanists the same
tomorrow?"
Aykan Erdemir,
assistant professor of
sociology at Middle'East
Technical University in
Ankara, argues that the
treatment of the Alevi is
a crucial litmus test that
Turkey is failing. "The
[Alevi] are not only
offering an alternative,
more Western-ready
version of Islam," he
says. "They also show
that Sunni conservatives
in power in Turkey are in
(continued on page 37)


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008
NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


Farah
(continued from page 15)
perseverance. Her
conviction was that it was


never too late to do the
right thing. In the late
1970's, Katherine was the
victim of a tragic violent


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crime which inflicted
serious physical injury to
her. She never
complained of the
limitations caused by the
injuries, nor did she let
the crime take away her
exuberance for life and
living. Her case was one
of consideration to help
create and improve
victim's rights within
North Florida. Despite the
setbacks faced, she made
the best of what life had
brought her, and was a


shining example for
others to follow. The
family gratefully
-acknowledges the
outpouring of support
over the last several
months. Katherine will
live forever in our
memories and be
treasured as a wonderful
(continued on page 23)


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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


Holidays
(continued from page 16)
Christ's death and
resurrection. We are
asked to celebrate a
holiday of obligation
with the same
solemnity as the
Lord's Day.
By honoring
another mystery o f
Christ, or by
honoring Mary or a
saint of local
significance, we are
celebrating the same


as we do on a Sunday,
but w i t h a special
orientation. In
coming together as a
community of faith
for the celebration o f
the Eucharist we
declare the
importance of the
feast in the life o f
the particular
Church.
For this reason
parishes are urged t o
celebrate holidays
(continued on page 24)


fresh-baked
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Jaber
(continued from page 17)
personally dedicated to
listening more to the
needs of our community
and beyond.
Finally, I would like to
thank the staff of
ACCESS for their


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 17)
The development of
the Taq Taq oilfield,
60kin northeast of
Kirkuk, sums up the
history of oil in
Kurdistan. The first
exploration well was
drilled in Taq Taq back
in 1960, after General
Qassem's revolution
overthrew the Iraqi
monarchy, and was left
incomplete. Drilling
resumed at Well 1 in
1978, under the Baath
Party, when INOC, the
Iraqi National Oil
Company, started
drilling two more
wells--Wells 2 and 3.
In 1981, due to
technical problems, the
Iran-Iraq war and the
presence of Kurdish
peshmergas .(Kurdish
freedom fighters),
work stopped in the
remote fields of


continuous hard work
each and every day. We
are lucky to have a staff
that is driven and
committed not only to our
community but to all
those we serve. It is a
pleasure and an honor to'
lead this organization.

Kurdistan and was
concentrated in the
easier to protect area of
Kirkuk.
For 15 years, the
oilfields of Kurdistan
were left unexplored,
while Kurds were
expelled from the city
and the governorate of
Kirkuk within the
framework of a
systematic campaign of
(continued on page 24)


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NEXT TO THE DAN'L BOONE INN







Page 22 'Tl SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


producers in the US or
China. In any event
Saudi consumers have
not suffered.
The first impact of
floating the riyal
against the dollar,
following an
appreciation in the


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Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 18)
not been the case. It
has been suggested
European retailers
have not increased
prices to counter
competition from


vallue of th Sit, would
be to depreciate Saudi
Arabia's export
earnings and foreign
asset holdings. Oil
exports, which are
dollar denominated,
represent over 80% of
total exports;
meanwhile, export
earnings represent over
80% of the state
budget. In effect, an
appreciation of the SR
against the dollar
would lead to a loss in
government revenue.
Additionally, the Saudi
central bank (SAMA)
currently holds large
reserves of dollars and
does not want to see a
further drop in the
currency's value.
One of Saudi
Arabia's main targets is
to diversify the
economy away from oil
and gas. A cornerstone
of this policy is to
develop a non oil
export market. Non oil
exports currently
represent a very small
share of total exports,
mostly in
petrochemical
downstream. A rise in
the value of the Saudi
currency would have
the opposite effect of
promoting Saudi
exports as the products
would become more
expensive abroad.
The SR would also
become more
expensive to
foreigners, which
would have an impact
on foreign investment,
something. the
government has also
been trying to promote.
The Saudi authorities
have tried to make
their economy more
attractive to foreign
investors and a
revaluation or a float
would make Saudi
Arabia more costly for
foreigners. A
revaluation would also
damage the credibility
S--- (continued-on-page -25y --


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

VIRGINIA/MARYLAND


Ray
(continued from page 19)
some arguing it is worn
by Muslim terrorists who
appear in beheading and
hostage-taking videos.
Conservative
commentator Michelle
Malkin said in her online
column that the apparel
"has been mainstreamed
by both ignorant (and not-
so-ignorant) fashion
designers, celebrities, and
left-wing icons."
"The kaffiyeh, for the
clueless, is the traditional
scarf of Arab men that has
come to symbolize
murderous Palestinian
jihad," the column read.
Davis disagreed,
likening a kaffiyeh in the
Arab World to an
American wearing a
baseball cap. They are
seen on the young and old
alike, as well as tourists
and U.S. and British
troops to protect them
from the elements. The
scarves, with chain-linked


patterns and knotted
tassels, are usually seen in
red, black or white but are
also made in other colors.
Ray's scarf had a
paisley design and was
selected by a stylist
intending "absolutely no
symbolism," according to
a statement issued by
Canton, Mass.-based
Dunkin' Brands Inc.
Laila Al-Qatami,
communications director
for the American-Arab
Anti-Discrimination
Committee, said that
while she thought it was
wrong of Dunkin' Donuts
to cave under the
pressure, she understood
the franchise did not want
the issue to detract from
its marketing campaign to
sell coffee.
She added that the
recent controversy is the
strongest backlash she's
seen regarding a cultural
article of clothing or an
accessory.
"The on^Btg I can
(continued on page 26)


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(continued from page 20)
wife, sister, mother,
grandmother, and friend.
The family will receive
friends between 6:00 p.m.
and 7:00 p.m. on
Thursday, May 29, 2008
at St. George Antiochian
Orthodox Church, 6300
Bowden Rd. immediately
followed by the Trisagion
Service at 7:00 p.m. The
funeral service will be
held on May 30, 2008 at
10:00 a.m. at the same
location with Father
Kamal Al Rahil
officiating. Interment will
be at Oaklawn Cemetery
at 4801 San Jose


Boulevard. Funeral
arrangements are by
Giddens-Reed Funeral
Home, 904-387-0055.


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Page 24 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

VIRGINIA/WASHINGTON, D.C./MARYLAND/TENNESSEE


Holidays
(continued from page 21)
with all their
resources as they do
on Sunday. A deeper
understanding by
pastors and faithful
of the nature and
meaning of each
holiday helps to elicit
a more appreciative
celebration and a
commitment to
excellence for those
special occasions.
A real appreciation
of the history,
doctrine, and liturgy
of each U.S. holiday
leads to a deeper
realization o f how
holidays help the
Church to celebrate
special events. I n
turn this can develop
a more festive
celebration when we
gather for Sunday
Eucharist.
The history of
:holidays of
obligation in the
United States follows
the complex origins
of Catholicism in our
country. The faith
was planted in
American soil by
waves o f Catholic
immigrants from all
corners of the world.
The wide variety of
ethnic groups brought
different languages
and customs. Each
lived an expression
of Catholicism with
its own distinctive
cultural impress. The
first three countrie-s
to bring the Church-
to America in the
sixteenth and
seventeenth centuries


-- England, France,
and Spain -- had a
definite impact on the
liturgical calendar of
the United States.
The six holidays we
now observe are a
distillation of the
liturgical calendars
followed by the
English, French, and
Spanish colonists.
These were made
official by the U.S.
bishops at the Third
Plenary Council of
Baltimore in 1884.
The first diocese of
the new United States
of America was
established in
Baltimore in 1789,
the very year that
George Washington
was inaugurated first
president of the
fledgling nation.
.Prior to 1783 the
American colonies
were under the
jurisdiction of
London, and followed
the practices of the
Catholic Church in
England, which then
was weakly organized
and frequently
persecuted by the
British government.
American Catholics
of English origin
were observing the
same holidays
celebrated in Great
Britain.
Before 1777
England included
thrity-four holidays
of of obligation in its
liturgical calendar. In
1777 Pope Pius VI
reduced that number
to. eleven.

(continued on page 26)


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 21)
Arabisation. In 2003,
when Saddam Hussein
was removed from
power, only 40 Kurds
were working in the oil
company in Kirkuk.
Work resumed after
the Kurds set up their
own administration in
1992. Faced with an
embargo on fuel
enforced by Baghdad,
the Kurds started the
exploitation of two
wells in Taq Taq.
Starting in 1994, Well
2 produced heavy
crude used by the
Suleimania cement


factory. Well 1 was
finally opened by
Kosrat Rasul, head of
the PUK government,
on 17 May 1996. It
produces 3,000 barrels
a day (b/d), sent to a
small kit refinery built
in Suleimania from the
spare parts of a sugar
factory.
It is not clear when
Taq Taq entered the
industrial age. Did
Jalal Talabani, in his
capacity of secretary
general of PUK,
negotiate a deal with
Genel Enerji, a Turkish
company, on 20
January 2004, a few


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of Saddam Hussein, as
it is officially written?
Or was it signed in July
2002, several months
before the American
operation in Iraq, as
some sources claim,
when the Kurdish
region had still no


official status? Either
way, all sources agree
that it was a political
deal--a particularly
generous one--with a
clear aim: to mollify
the Turks and bring
them to accept the idea
that the Kurds could
produce oil and export
(continued on page 27)


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Page 25 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

ALABAMA


Saudi Arabia
continuedd from page 22)
of the central bank,
making investors
suspicious of a
devaluation in the
future if/when the
dollar strengthens or
oil prices go down.
Also specific to a
floating exchange rate,
it would mean
volatility in the
exchange rate which
would make Saudi
Arabia less attractive
for capital inflows.
It is true that the US
and Saudi economies
have been growing in
very different paths in
the past few years and
it is natural to question
whether the Saudi
monetary policy should
be tied to the US. But
given the composition
of the Saudi economy,
weighing the pros and
cons of maintaining the
current Saudi peg,, it
seems more favourable
for the time being to
maintain the peg,
especially as it in
unclear whether it
would have a
significant impact on
inflation.
AND NCB AGREES

A new report just
released by NCB,
Saudi Arabia's largest
bank, concurs with
Bruce Mcphail's
- analysis. NCB Capital
(NCBC) estimates that
GCC currencies have
depreciated by over
37% in nominal terms
since 2002 due to their
peg to the dollar and
discusses how the


depreciating US
currency is affecting
liquidity, interest rates
and inflation.
Significant changes in
the macro environment
in recent years have
changed key conditions.
required, for hard
currency pegs,
increasingly making it
look like trying to fit a
square peg into a round
hole.
The most
appropriate policy
response in NCB's
view would be a
change of peg to a
basket of currencies,
simult-aneously
accompanied with a
small one-time
revaluation to offset
part of the sharp loss in
value of local
currencies. Bryan
D'Aguiar, 'head of
equity research of NCB
Capital said, "Any
move towards a change
of the peg to the US
dollar needs to be
conducted in a
transparent manner,
with the components
and weights publicly
disclosed, in order to
avoid speculative
pressures."
A larger revaluation
would be counter-
productive, as it would
impair budgetary
balances and current
account surpluses, in
addition to translation
losses on the large pool
of dollar denominated
assets that oil revenues
have bought into.
Additionally a move to
a free float would not
be advisable at this
(continued on page 27)


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Page 26 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

TEXAS


Holidays
(continued from page 24)
Considering that
Catholics were
persecuted in all
thirteen colonies
(even in Maryland,
which had been
founded by and for
English Catholics),
how could they
celebrate thrity-four
holidays of
obligation? Catholics
were often dispensed
from the obligation,
not only because of
persecution, but
because they were
widely scattered and


lived far from the
churches that existed
at the time.
There is yet
another aspect of the
history of our
holidays the
influence of the
French nd Spanish
colonies. With the
insertion of parts of
New France (Canada) -
and Mexico into
American Catholics
increased, and with
different from those
of the Anglo-
American Catholics.
French America and
Spanish America
(continued on page 28)


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Ray
(continued from page 23)
possibly liken to this is if
someone were to say that
anyone who wears a
sombrero is a supporter of
illegal immigration," she
said. "It's ridiculous."
Zead Ramadan, vice


president of the Council
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what bloggers and critics
alluded to.
"People are trying to
label Arabs, and are
trying to do so with
(continued on page 28)


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Page 27 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

TEXAS


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 24)
it through Turkey.
Genel Enerji is a
front for a Turkish
conglomerate,
Cukurova Holding-
with no oil experience;
in July 2005, it linked
up with Addax
international, a Swiss-
Canadian oil company,
and formed TTOPCO
(Taq Taq Operating
Company).
Six wells have since
been successfully
drilled, each with a
production capacity of
16,000-37,000 b/d.
More wells are
expected to be drilled
in the second half of
2008 when a new
modern rig is brought
in. Production should
then reach 100,000 b/d
which would enable
the Kurds to export
their oil. "We joined
forces with a Turkish
company," says
engineer Hoshyar Nuri
Abbas, the Taq Taq
field manager, "to find
the key."
At the other end of,
Kurdistan, near Zakho,
in Badinan, a region
traditionally controlled
by the KDP, the second
main Kurdish political
party, DNO, a
Norwegian oil
company, is also about
to produce oil. After
signing a contract with
the Kurdish
government of Erbil in


2004, it struck oil with Saudi Arabia transmit interest rate
its first exploration (continued from page 25) signal--an important
well, Tawke 1, which prerequisite for
has a production time as the region monetary policy to
capacity of 5,000 b/d. lacks a well-developed function effectively in
DNO drilled five more debt market that helps
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The report titled
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(continued on page 30)


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Ray
(continued from page 26)
clothing items," Ramadan
said. "It's. intentional
propaganda that has been
created to mislead
unknowing people about
a cultural item. Terrorism
is not something you
wear; it's a state of mind."
Despite the
controversy, Jamal said
*'*she doesn't expect any
type of backlash to her
own business.
Determined to make the
kaffiyeh "the new


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 27)
years, the problem
between the Kurds and
Baghdad will be
resolved. Everybody
needs this oil, Baghdad
included."
The conflict
between Baghdad and
the Kurds has stalled
'tthe adoption of an oil
law by the Iraqi


bandanna," Jamal has
transformed them into
flowing skirts and low-cut
halter-tops that have been
worn by a beauty queen in
a Miss USA pageant, a
popular stand-up
comedian, and Sarah
Jessica Parker on an
episode of "Sex and the
City."
"People will always
say things, but you just
have to ignore it and keep
doing what you're doing,"
she said. "There are
enough people that
respect it for what it is."


parliament, where the
Kurds control a block
of 55 MPs.
Fundamentally, the
Kurds want to have the
right to sign contracts
for the exploration and
exploitation of the new
oilfields (leaving the
old ones to the central
government) while
Baghdad wants to
control all
(continued on page 29)


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Holidays
(continued from page 24)
gave us the
observance of Mary's
I m m a c u I a t e
Conception as a
holiday of obligation.
This diversity of
origins resulted in
almost every U.S.
diocese following its
own calendar of
holidays until 1884,
even though the
Archbishop o f
Baltimore had
repeatedly attempted
some measures of
uniformity. In 1791
ten holidays of
obligation were


specified for the
United States of
America. By 1839
that number dropped
to eight.
However, diocese
of non-English or i g
i n -- San Francisco
(Spanish), Santa Fe
(Spanish), New
Orleans (French -and
Spanish), Chicago
(French), Detroit
(French), and others -
- continued t o
observe their own
particular holidays
before 1884. In that
year the Third
Plenary Council met
(continued on page 33)


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Page 29 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 20"

NEW MEXICO/OKLAHOMA/TEXAS


Oil Emirate
(continued from page:
developments
supervise all
contracts.
"It is obvious
past history,
Baghdad will
develop oil
Kurdistan," say
European oil ex
adding, "If the I
want to develop th
industry in
region, they hav
take the initiative
the Kurds wait
Baghdad to develop
oilfields of Kurdi
they could wait
my grandchildren
the business,"
another represent
of an independer
company.
The Kurds ha
more imme
interest to sign
contracts with th
.companies: "Ther
lot of 'bonus'," sa:
expert with an inti
knowledge of
industry. "Funds
allocated by th
company for
training of empl
and for
preservation of
environment
brings jobs for
people". There ar
other "pluses",
which he does
elaborate. The I
are quick to lear
shown by the r
contract with
Koreans, which
bring billions
dollars
infrastructure pr
to Kurdistan.
These confli


views explain why Iraq
27) is still without an oil
a law which has been
and discussed by experts
and politicians for two
from years. "We started
from discussing the project
that of an oil law in May
in 2006," recalls Ashti
s a Hawrami, the oil
minister of the
pert' Kurdistan Regional
eurds Government and the
he oil "bete noire" of Hussein
Al Sharistani, the Iraqi
re to
SIfo oil minister. A first
draft was written
for which was, claims
p the Hawrami, "consistent
untilstn, with the previous
regime ... We even
runadds suspect it was written
addsbefore Saddam
ative Hussein's fall".
at oil
It was reviewed by
an 11-member federal
die a oil and gas committee
diate
the created by Prime
e oil Minister Nouri Al
e isa Maliki, and on 15
s a January 2007, it was
San announced that a final
mate
the text was agreed and
are sent to the Iraqi
e oil parliament. "I got a
the copy of the text.
oyees Although we were said
the to be 'on board', it was
the totally unacceptable,"
it says Ashti Hawrami. It
local took six weeks to
also renegotiate a new
on draft, which was
not finalised on 26
urds February 2007 and
Kurds
approved by the
ecent government. But the
recent
the Kurds did not agree on
will everything. They
insisted that the law
of should define precisely
objects the role of the Iraqi
National Oil Company
acting (INOC) and identify
the oil fields falling


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The Kurds also wanted
a clearer revenue
sharing law.
The INOC law was
written by a committee
made up of Oil
Ministry officials who
consider that foreign
oil companies come to
Iraq "to steal Iraqi oil"
and do not want to hear
of Production Sharing
Agreements (PSA).
They decided that most
of the oilfields--in fact
93% of the reserves--


would be allocated to
INOC. "If 93% is
allocated to INOC,
what do you give me,"
says Ashti Hawrami,
"then there is no need
for an oil and gas law
... This is totally
unacceptable."
Ashti Hawrami spent
two weeks discussing
with Prime Minister
Nouri Al Maliki the
issue of sharing
revenues. At the end of
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agreed that all


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Kurdish region, would
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"sovereign expenses",
including expenses for
(continued on page 30)


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Page 30 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

NEVADA/ARIZONA


Saudi Arabia
(continued from page 27)
Square Peg For A
Round Hole' highlights
how the GCC central
banks have the
unenviable task of
conducting
independent monetary
policy in a fixed
exchange rate regime
that allows for free
capital flows. It
describes how the
decades old dollar peg
has come under
increasing calls for a
review as falling
interest rates, a steady
decline in the value of
the dollar against
major global
currencies, and
increased economic
prosperity driven by
record high oil prices
translate into'a flood of
liquidity into the
region driving inflation
and increasing the
challenges to
regulators in
effectively.. managing
monetary policy. "We
estimate that the Saudi
Riyal, UAE Dirham
and Qatari Riyal have
effectively depreciated
40%, 37% and 47%
respectively in nominal
terms since 2002, in a
period in which the
USD slipped 78%


against the euro. In
contrast the Kuwaiti
Dinar's peg to a
currency basket has
limited its depreciation
to 23%," said
D'Aguiar.
Interestingly, the
report suggests that
any revaluation would
will not have a material
impact on cushioning
inflation in the short
term, but would help
achieve greater
currency flexibility, a
critical pre-condition
for monetary-policy
manoeuvrability. More
importantly the current
situation is an
opportunity to push
forward a structural
change. In the event
that a global slowdown
materialises, and oil
prices decline, GCC
surpluses will shrink.
The burgeoning wage
bills and subsidies that
have helped ward off
inflation thus far will
become increasingly
difficult to sustain,
making currency
flexibility a critical
policy tool.
Any revaluation
would benefit global
investors, capital-
intensive industrial
projects, companies

(continued on page 36)


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 29)
foreign affairs and
defence, approved each
year with the budget by
parliament. The
Kurdish region would
get its share--17%--the
remainder being
administered by the
central authorities, and
going to the other
regions of Iraq if a
federal republic is set
up and if other regions


are created.
Then came a new
twist. The draft of the
oil law was sent to a
"shura council" made
up of experts of the
Ministry of Justice
which decided that the
law should be
consistent with an
eventually amended
constitution and which
altered the draft.
Several pages were
taken out from the


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agreed draft. "Here we
stand," says Ashti
Hawrami, "the
Kurdistan region's
rights have been


deleted, and the INOC
law is still under
discussion."
"We accepted a
(continued on page 31)


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PAge 31 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

ARIZONA/NEVADA


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 30)
compromise," adds the
Kurdistan oil minister,
"with the creation of an
oil and gas council
entitled to review our
contracts. But we want


Tough Guy
(continued from page 11)
hospital has sent me
during the past six or
seven years. When I walk
into my kitchen in the
morning, I say, "Hi, kids!
Good morning!" Those
pictures help ,ie.
remember what those
children are going
through.
You see these beautiful
little boys and girls with
cancer."Every time I get a
picture of one of them, I
want to hug them and do
everything I can to help.
St. Jude is my pet charity,
because of what they do
for kids without asking
for a dime from them.


a law that respects the
Iraqi. constitution.
Article 112 is very
clear. We are partners
with the federal
authorities, we are not
second-class citizens.
(continued on page 35)


They run that hospital like
a family. The doctors
there are the best. They've
even closed the gap on
leukemia. All of that
makes me feel good.
In the past few years,
I've been trying to help
the hospital as much as I
can. All The Sopranos
cast came to our first
event back in 2005.
Everybody dug, and they
dug deep. I expected to
raise maybe $100,000 or
$200,000. But we raised
nearly half a million
dollars!
And then our charity
event last summer was a
real classy event. We
raised more than
(continued on page 32)


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Victim
(continued from page 11)
life ahead of him,"
cried Rima Maron, a
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drove by the store.
"He devoted his life
to his family and his
work."
Police said the
robber followed
Maida into the store
at 8 a.m., shot him
and then broke
through the front
glass door en route to


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Two women
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pots of yellow and
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the pavement
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James Brown, who
lives near the store,
said the victim and
his family were
(continued on page 32)


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(continued from page 8)
in those days, that
was the only
landmark Qatar had.
Today, the clock
is still there but the
dynamic, thriving,
futuristic city that
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resemblance to the
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As exports from the
country's massive
North Gas Field
grew, so did Doha.
Every time I return
there yet more glass,
steel and concrete
(continued on page 33)


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Page 32 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

NEVADA/ARIZONA


Tough Guy
(continued from page 31)
$600,000 for the hospital,
and had a wonderful time
going about it. But I
haven't done any of these
events by myself. My
right hand and my best
friend, Michael Sullivan,
and his wife, Donna, have
been a great influence and
a big help in helping raise
.money for St. Jude. My
other friend involved in
St. Jude activities is Joe
Scarpinito. His big heart
and large pockets come
through whenever I
mention the kids, and God
loves him for it. Just call
us the three amigos. And
our mission? The kids at
St. Jude.
There are a lot of other
people out here who love
St Jude. And there's more

Victim
(continued from page 31) -
*friendly to everyone.
Customers knew
Maida as Mike or
Mikey.
"'Whenever you
walked in, he always
had something
positive to say," said
Brown, 24.
Nahwand Yazgi
said Maida's parents
emigrated with him
and two younger
sisters to join other
family and get a good
education. Yazgi said
she became friends
with the family and
also served as
'JflMaida's interpreter at
Englewood High
School.
The 2007 graduate
worked hard to learn
English and was
especially fond of
math and science, she
said. He went to
Florida Community
OCollege at
Jacksonville and
planned to attend
Jacksonville
University, an uncle
said.
"He was very


every day. The more
people hear about the
hospital and the kids, the
more they want to give
their hearts to it. So tell all
your friends that Tony
Sirico, AKA Paulie
Walnuts, says to take the
boxing gloves off and dig
deep into your pockets,,
because the kids need it.
Just give them a hand;
they really need your
help. Thanks, and God
bless.
Tony Sirico is known to
millions as Paulie
"Walnuts" Gualtieri on
the Emmy award-winning
HBO series The
Sopranos. In addition to
performing voice-overs
for several children's
programs, Sirico has
appeared in more than 45
films.

sweet, very 'smart,
very nice and polite,"
Yazgi said. "The
people around him,
they love him."
Yazgi recalled
seeing Maida about
three months ago at a
church Valentine's
Day celebration. She
said he broke away
from a traditional
circle dance to greet
her.
"He hugged me and
wished me a Happy
Valentine's," she
said. "If I had a son,
I'd like him to be the
way he is."
Maida's uncle
became teary-eyed as
he spoke Monday
outside the family's
San Jose home,
where there were still
signs of a cookout
from Saturday night.
The uncle, who
declined to give his
name, said Maida
spoke about
becoming a doctor
and wanted to make
his parents proud.
"To his family, he
was the best," the
uncle said.


Johary
(continued from page 14)
Presidents to determine
how to enhance their
individual roles to help
increase membership in
our-Federation.
In addition, he would
explore innovative ways
of reaching out to the
Lebanese community at
large. Dr. Johary is very
enthusiastic about the
new Young
Professionals
organization and looks
forward to working very
closely with them. A
strong proponent of our
youth, he knows that
they are a crucial part of
the future of this
organization.


Dr. Johary is an
Internal Medicine
physician in Atlanta and
a member of the Cedar
of Atlanta Club,
currently serving on the
Board of Directors of
the Cedar Club
Foundation.
He is married to Dr.
Marielle Arrieh, the
daughter of Marshall
Arrieh, Past President
of the Midwest and
National Federations.
Dr. Johary and his
wife have three
children, AJ, Alex, and
Christine, who
hopefully will continue
their family's history of
service to the
Federation.


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Page 33 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

COLORADO/UTAH


Doha Forum
(continued from page 31)
towers pepper the
skyline, there are
more miles of
highway linking all
areas of the country
and more
international
companies opening
hotels and offices in
the city.
Along with its
astonishing wealth
and growth, Doha
has become famous.
as the hometown and
headquarters of Al
Jazeera television;
the often
controversial Doha
Debates which
attract the biggest
names from
international
politics, current
affairs and business;
and its annual
forums on
d e m o c r a c y ,
development and
free trade, where the
great and the good
come together to
discuss and debate
issues that hinder
the progress of
international
democratisation and
possible ways of
overcoming them.
April saw the
opening of the Sth
Doha Forum by the
Emir of Qatar,
Sheikh Hamad bin
Khalifa Al Thani.
The Emir is among
the Gulf region's


most forward
looking leaders,
with a profound
belief in
modernisation and
keeving pace .with,
or even a step ahead
of, new
technologies. The
issues discussed at
this year's forum
incorporated
corporate global
citi z ens hip ;
hyper link ed
societies; sustainable
energy and water
resources; banking;
real estate; the
Palestinian
economy; Iraq;
multipolar resources
and many more
topics across a wide
spectrum of
disciplines .
Speakers and
participants were
drawn from the
world of
international
politics, business,
banking, science
media and academia.
The Emir, Sheikh
Hamad. noted that in
the seven years
since the forum was
established, much
had been achieved in
realising certain
aims. But, he added,
there was still a long
road ahead.
"Democracy," he
noted, "is our means
to the concept of
progress and without
(continued on page 34)


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Holidays
(continued from page 33)
Aemrica, in
conformity with
canon 1246, are as
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solemnity of Mary,
Mother of God;
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Whenever January
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November 1, falls on
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Monday, the precept
to attend Mass is
abrogated.
This decree of the
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and confirmed by the
Holy See, 2nd
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Doha Forum
(continued from page 33)
it we would not find
for ourselves a place
in our time. We need
to prepare the
s u i t a b l e
environment for
innovation and
modernisation,
which can only be
realized by means of
p o p u I a r
participation and
respect of human
rights."
Sheikh Hamad
went on to discuss
development, the
success of which can
only properly thrive


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observed. "It is
essential to provide
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process, encourage
investment, attract
capital, provide new
job opportunities
and increase the
flow of trade. Non-
optimal exploitation
of resources would
undermine the
foundation and
pillars of
development," he
cautioned. Noting
the need for all to
make provision for


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the education and
support the younger
generations, who are
the future of
civilisation, Sheikh
Hamad emphasised
the role of free trade
in enhancing the
role and value of
comprehensive


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"You would agree
with me that we live
on a planet raging
with unprecedented
conflicts and
contradictions which
raise concern,
especially as the
(continued on page 35)


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Page 35 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Doha Forum
(continued from page 34)
fate of our countries
is that they are
located in an area
where fires are
endless. In this
climate, which is
heavily clouded with
dense smoke, we
should, in
addressing the
issues of democracy,
development and
free trade, consider
them as issues of
destiny."
The Middle East is
no stranger to
socalled "talking
shops" but recent
years have seen an
increase in
particularly
impressive and
effective workshops,
such as the Doha
Forum and the World
Economic Forum
where frequently
quite radical
thoughts, ideas and
solutions are
hammered out.
Although most
media reports on
this year's Doha
Forum concentrated


on the speech by
Israel's deputy
prime minister and
foreign minister,
Tzipi L'ivni, who
called for greater
cooperation between
the Arab world and
Israel, much to the
consternation of the
majority of the
audience who
believe Israel has
" un fi nished
business" with the
Palestinians of the
Occupied Territories
before it looks to the
wider Arab world.
However, although
the audience did not
always agree with
Ms Livni's words
they treated her
warmly and she
encapsulated the
thoughts of many
when she, paid
tribute to the bold
gesture of inviting
her to speak at
Doha. As one Arab
participant noted
wryly: "From such
small acorns, large
oak trees have been
known to grow."


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Oil Emirate
(continued from page 31)
Decisions are not to be
taken in Baghdad. If an
oilfield lies in
Kurdistan--if it is a
new one--we sign the,
contract. If it is an old
one, .which may be
allocated to INOC, we
are partners in its
management."
Two years after the
oil law was first
discussed, there is still
no agreement on a text
to be approved by the
Iraqi parliament. In
February 2008, a new
crisis erupted between
Baghdad and the


C11


Kurdish regional
government. First,
Baghdad wanted to
allocate only 13% of
the budget to the
Kurds. Then it agreed
to allocate 17% as
previously agreed, but
it questioned the
number of peshmergas
whose salaries and
pensions should be
financed by the central
government--the Kurds
quoting a figure of
90,000 peshmergas,
while Baghdad said
their number should be.
no more than 30,000.
It looks as though
both sides have given


up the idea of agreeing
an oil law, and the
Kurdistan Regional
Government is signing
new contracts with


independent small oil
companies, while
Baghdad is starting
discussions with some

(continued on page 36)


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Page 36 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

Los ANGELES, CALIFORNIA


Oil Emirate
(continued from page 35)
majors for the
development of its
southern fields.
"We want to produce
up to lm b/d in a
maximum of five


Women
(continued from page 9)
a 33-year-old
-university graduate who
pursued a successful
career in the banking
sector before her marriage
to King Abdullah, is the
mother of three children
and a champion of
women and children's
lights in Jordan and the
wider Arab world.
She has spoken Out
decisively against the
centuries old practise of
so-called "honour
killings", which stipulates
leniency for the murderer
of a woman deemed to
have brought dishonour
upon her family.
Queen Rania is a keen
advocate of equal
educational rights for
women and has channeled
her energies into projects
that aim to improve the
livelihood of Linder-
privileged groups in
Jordanian society. Her
activities encompass the
development of income-
generating projects, the
protection of children
from violence, the
promotion of early child
development, as well as
encouraging the
p advancement of the best
practises in the field of
micro-finance.
In 1995 Rania
established the Jordan
River Foundation (JFR) a


years," states Ashti
Hawrami. "We also
want to be self
sufficient in terms of
refinery." Does it mean
the Kurdistan Region
will soon be like a Gulf
Emirate?


non-profit, non-
go vernmental
organisation (NGO),
which assists women in
becoming decision
makers within their
family unit and
contributors to the
Jordanian economy.
Under her direction JFR
embarked on a micro-
credit project that offers
financing, business
support and training to
small businesses.
Next door in Syria,
First Lady Asma Assad
has brought a breath of
fresh air to the political
"'scene twenty eight year
old Asma began to be
seen regularly on Syrian
television just weeks after
her marriage to President
Bashar Assail unlike her
predecessor, the wife of
the late Hafez Assad who
for 30 years, was rarely
seen in public and hardly
ever referred to in the
state run press.
Brought Lip in London
by her Syrian parents,
Asma Akhras graduated
from Kings College in
1996 with a degree in
computer science and
worked as an economist
for Deutsche Bank and JP
Morgan. Her frequent
public appearances are
clearly intended to project
an image of modernity as
she takes oil a greater

(continued on page 37)


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CALIFORNIA


Saudi Arabia
* (continued from page 36)
the Capital Market
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Women
(continued from page 36)
public role inside Syria
and internationally.
When she became First
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private- wedding on 1st
January 2001, many
doom mongers in the
British press predicted a
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in the kingdom must
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investment, brokerage
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commercial banking
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Observer newspaper. The
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marriage, she confirmed,
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shirt. "I wanted to meet
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(continued on page 38)


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(continued from page 19)
fact extremely bigoted
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why many Alevi venerate
the country's secularist
founder, Mustafa Kemal
Ataturk. In his separation
of mosque and state, they
finally found freedom
from discrimination. But
that eroded under
subsequent governments,
often violently. As
recently as 1993, a group
of 33 prominent Alevi


poets, writers and
musicians were burned to
death by a
fundamentalist Sunni
'mob in a hotel in eastern
Turkey.
For centuries, the
Alevi response to
persecution has been to
worship in secret, while
trying to pass as Sunni.
Amid the political
liberalization that has
accompanied Turkey's
efforts- to join the
European Union,
however, many Alevi
have begun emerging
from the shadows. At the
Karacaahmet Sultan
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Page 38 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

CALIFORNIA


Istanbul
(continued from page 37)
traditional Alevi music
and dance, while the
group's pro bono lawyers
fight for Alevi rights in
court. Last year, an Alevi
parent, angered by
compulsory religion
classes his teenage
daughter had to attend at
school, took Turkey to
the European Court of
Human Rights and won.
The court ruled the
predominantly Sunni
Muslim curriculum "did
not uphold the principles
of pluralism and
objectivity that a
democratic society


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needs". It criticized the
lack of information on
Alevi beliefs, rituals and
prayer forms, and urged
remedy. The government
has so far refused to
change the curriculum.
Upstairs at the
Karacaahmet Sultan
shrine, an Alevi leader
named Muharrem Ercan
sits behind his desk in his
smoke-filled office. He's
confident, he says, that
the Alevi are on the
winning side. "We solved
the issue of whether
Islam could be' tolerant
750 years ago," he says.
"It's the rest of Turkey
that has to catch up."


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Women
(continued from page 37)
what their problems were
on the ground, what
people are complaining
about, what the issues are;.
what their hopes and
aspirations are. And,
seeing it first hand means
you are not seeing it
through someone else's
eyes."
As a result of her
incognito research the
First Lady founded
FIDROS, and NGO
aimed at improving
village communities
through sustainable
development and interest
free loans. However,
Asma Assad dislikes
speaking in detail about
her life and her work. "I
let actions speak for
themselves, rather than
saying 'I want to ... I
will'... Let the actions
speak for themselves."
Asma Assad has
brought a new western-
style informality to the
role of First Lady, she and
her husband dine in
public restaurants, visit
the theatre and hive no
nanny for their voting
son. However, she has no
confusion about her
identity. "I was born in
London. I spent 25 years
in London. But I also
know that I am Syrian. I


speak the language
fluently; I read and write
it. I am British and I am
an Arab. I am not one or
the other. I am part of
both worlds."
In Morocco, the
announcement of
computer science
graduate Princess Lalla
Salma's marriage to King
Mohammed VI made
history. Previously royal
weddings were frequently
not made public, often
until a child was
expected.
By announcing his
wedding, King
Mohammed broke with
royal traditions. It became
clear that princess Salina
would have a much more
visible status than her
predecessors. Royal
wives, including King
Mohammed's mother,
have traditionally been
kept hidden in the royal
palaces. The new royal
couple's reputation as
modemisers was further
enhanced by the release
of informal pictures,
show
born internationally
acclaimed writer Hanan
Al Shaykh told The
Middle East. "There are
Arab women doctors,
.lawyers, scientists,
writers, artists and
engineers but we need to


see more of them and hear
about the good work that
they do."
The UN's latest Arab
Human Rights


development report cites
education, together with
women's rights and
governance as the main
(continued on page 39)


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Page 39 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

CALIFORNIA


Women
(continued from page 38)
challenge facing the
region. In Yemen, the
illiteracy rate among
young women, at 54% is
three times, that of men.
Women in Saudi Arabia,
who are earning the
biggest percentage of
university degrees, make
up a scant 6% of the
kingdom's .workforce.
Across the entire region,
only a third of adult
women have paid jobs,
compared with 75% of
women in East Asia.
A recent study in Egypt
showed that among
families with low levels
of education, baby girls
are twice as likely to die
as baby boys. And,
although accurate
statistics are notoriously
hard to come by, more
than 20 murders a year
continue to be attributed
to so-called "honour
killings" in Jordan.
Meanwhile, despite
high profile campaigns to
persuade people to
abandon the practise of
female circumcision, the
custom continues in areas
of Sudan and Egypt.
Women generally have
a tougher time than men
in progressing in the
workforce. This is true in
Europe and America
as well as in the
Middle East and Asia. In
certain Arab states young
men who are half as
capable as their female
counterparts achieve three


or four times more
success in the workplace,
simply because they are
men," Beirut-born
Palestinian sociologist
Rula Awwad told The,
Middle East. "All too
frequently people outside
the region believe this
failure of women to
achieve their goals is
related to Islam, this is
simply not true. There are
repressive measures taken
against Arab women but,
where they exist, these
are imposed by tradition
and the state. Islam
promotes the equality of
all people, irrespective of
gender.
"This was typified by
the row we saw earlier
this year in France over
the wearing of hijab. The
problem was promoted by
the international press as
a religious issue. It is
not", Ms Awwad went on.
"Nowhere in the Koran
are Muslim women told
to wear headscarves.-
Muslim women are
required to dress
"modestly" but only in
two countries Saudi
Arabia and non-Arab Iran
- is veiling compulsory.
Islam gives us choice,
governments and
tradition, which plays an
important role in all Arab
countries, may choose to
curtail those freedoms but
Islam does not," she
added.
Indeed, centuries
before women in the
West, Muslim women


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enjoyed full property
rights and equal
inheritance rights.
Likewise, the region
which brought us
Cleopatra and the Queen
of Sheba was prospering
under the leadership of
women centuries before
Indira Gandi or Mrs
Thatcher were ever heard
of.
While the desire for.
women to play an equal
role in the development of
their countries is gaining
momentum there are
certain practicalities to be
addressed. In a report on
the role of women in the
modern Arab world,
Lema Hamed and Ahmed
Suleiman note: "The
social and political
imperative is the need to
work to create a
harmonious society of


men and women working
together to build a better
society and economically
prosperous region
engineered by Arabs for
Arabs."
And, as Sultan Qaboos
of Oman observed: "We
ignore the strength our
women at our peril.
Without their input we
isolate 50% of our
populations; 50% of our
talent; 50% of our
creativity and 50% of our
potential."
Left: The London-
based Iraqi architect Zaha
Hadid has been awarded
the much coveted Pritzker
prize for architecture,
, becoming the first woman
to win the award in the
prize's 26 year history.
Above: Saudi Arabian
born Hanadi Hindi is the
proud owner of a ,private


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fly a plane of the Saudi
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Page 40 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2008

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