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The Syrian Lebanese star ( July 1, 2004 )

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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
July 1, 2004
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00029

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
July 1, 2004
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00029

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
    Florida's Gold Coast
        page 4
    Florida
        page 5
        page 6
    Florida/Georgia
        page 7
    North Carolina High Country
        page 8
        page 9
        page 10
        page 11
        page 12
        page 13
        page 14
        page 15
        page 16
    Maryland/Virginia
        page 17
    Maryland/Virginia/Washington, D.C.
        page 18
    Alabama/Mississippi
        page 19
    Texas/Louisiana
        page 20
    Texas
        page 21
    Arizona/Utah/Nevada
        page 22
    Southern California
        page 23
    Recommended Businesses
        page 24
Full Text


SI I -I


THE SYRIAN-EBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY

SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 41 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
MEMBER AMERICAN LEBANESE CONGRESS
ESTABLISHED IN 1963


$15.00 SUBSCRIPTION


www.syrianlebanesestar.com


XXXXII #7 JULY 2004


II I


CHARLESTON, W.Va.
- Nearly seven months
ago in the middle of
Ramadan, Asra Nomani
shunned tradition by
bypassing the womer's
balcony of her local
mosque and praying on


This book could be
of great use to
Lebanese intellectuals
and to scholars of the
history of violence and
war. Diplomats and
military strategists
should find it
insightful, as well as
anyone interested in
trying to figure out


the main floor, right next
to the men.
Her simple' act of
defiance at. the. Islamic
Center in Morgantown
has sparked what she
hopes will be the first step
continued on page 6


why civil and uncivil
violence begins, what
fuels it, and what may
stop it. Samir Khalafs
"Civil and Uncivil
Violence in Lebanon"
will enlighten those
who think that it is
possible to easily piece
a country back together
continued on page 10


Notes from

Natsios
Sudan's Growing
Crisis











We are facing in
Sudan's Darfur region-
the three western states
bordering Chad from
Lib'ya td the Ceiural
Afafican "Republic-the

continued on page 7

U.S. Muslims

Publish Ad

Denouncing

Terror,

Bigotry

The Southern
California office of the
Council on American-
Islamic Relations (CAIR-
LA) published a full-page

continued on page 8

Sudan, Rebels
Near Final
Peace Deal
NAIVASHA Sudan's
government and southern
rebels paved the way for
the sighing of a final peace
deal, resolving last-minute
disputes over power-
sharing in their effort to
end 21 years of civil war.
continued on page 7


Algeria:

Militant


Group's

Leader Killed


in Sweep
ALGIERS Troops
killed one of North Africa's
most-wanted Islamic
militants, who had sought
to link his bloody insurgent
movement in Algeria to
Osama bin Laden's al-
Qaida terror network, the
military said Sunday.
The death of Nabil
continued on page 7

Libya Springs
a Surprise


Middle Eastern
policies and principles
often seem to-be set in
stone and most


politicians wave
continued or

Egypt: Fi
Traces Foi
of Univer!
of Alexan(
CAIRO -
archaeologists
unearthed 13 lectu
believed to be th
traces ever fou
ancient
University of Alex
the head of the
continued or


Roll into New Orleans

for the Southern Federation


Annual Convention!
Syou, your family and
friends (old and new) are
going to have FUN in
New Orleans -this
summer. Don't miss the
ver phrase you fun, music, dancing,
ever you say it, continued on page 8


Whate
use, how


USAID Launches New Middle
East Outreach Initiative with
Media Summit


Public Diplomacy for
Middle Eastern and ME PI
Affairs of the U.S.
Agency for International
Development (USAID)
conducted a full day
seminar for press
correspondents on May 7,
2004. Participants


included representatives
from Al-Ahram; Algerian
Press Services; Saudi
Press Agency; Kuwait
News Agency and
Annahar. Also attending
were journalists
representing leading

continued on page 10


CAIR Launches 'I am an

American Muslim' Campaign

PSAs part of ongoing effort to

reduce anti-Muslim stereotyping


The Council on


r only American-Islamic
Spage 9 Relations .(CAIR)
launched a nationwide
rst television and radio
public service
und announcement (PSA)
sity campaign, called "I am
an American Muslim, '
ria designed to help
P h reduce anti-Muslim
Polish -
discrimination and
have
Shae stereotyping. To view
re halls
S the PSAs, go to:
he first
e fi http://www.c.air-
nd of
d of net.org.
gypts CAIR's 30 and 60
andria,
a second PSAs feature
project American Muslims of
Spage 8


European, African-
American, Hispanic,
continued on page 11


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Battle of the Sexes in West
Virginia Mosque
Women Opposed to Separation at
Prayer are Determined to Bring
Change.


Lebanon: A Focal Point

for Unsolved Tensions






IPage 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004


ALBERTSONS


Weddings

Farhat-Kalil Rukab-Lewis


Melissa Kalil and
Michael Farhat were
married at 4:30 p.m.
Saturday in St. George
Antiochian Orthodox
Church.
The bride, daughter of
Margie and Abe Kalil,
graduated from
Englewood High School
(continued on page 12)


Angela Lewis, Orange
Park, and Reno Rukab,
Jacksonville, were
married at 5 pm Saturday
in Good Shephard
Episcopal Church.
The bride, daughter of
-Janet Lewis, Orange
Park, graduated from
Clay High School and
(continued on page 12)


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(continued on page 12)


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Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAlR July 2004
___ _1_.____. ___ .. 1 -


Why was Jesus' first
miracle changing water
into wine? Was it to
teach us to drink? No, of
course not. He came to
change man. from a
natural to a spiritual life
by changing his mind.
The six pots are the types
of man. His heart is like
stone. The water can fill
his thirst only
temporarily. (Ezekiel
36:26)
The water has not
value, no taste, no color,
and if you put it in a bottle
for a long time, it stinks.

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Rev. Fred Massabni
But when it changed to
wine, it will be valuable,
with color, with
sweetness, and it gives
joy because of the spirit.
If you put it in bottles for
.years, it will be more
valuable and sweeter.
This is the born again
man, mature in the Word
and in the knowledge of
the Lord. He sits and
speaks of the oracles of
God, his creator, and the
hearers enjoys his words.
Why we shall meet the
Lord in the air and not in
Heaven
1 spoke, about it many
(continued on page 13)


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Great Late Night
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Located in Jacksonville Beach
(between Atlantic Ave. & Beach
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(904) -0060_


I ne General Louncls oI mtne
Church: A Skeletal Church
History
A Historical Overview'


icr~


Tracing the twenty-
one general councils in
broad strokes, we can
group them in four
periods of church history
because they seem to fit
together in these four
early, medieval,
reformations, and
modem.
In the first millennium
the councils met to
formulate doctrinal
statements to correct
heretical differences.
The councils of the
middle ages and
reformations dealt with
reforming. church
divergences and-
clarifying certain
doctrines. In the modem
period the two Vatican
councils were gathered
for dissimilar reasons: the
first to define papal
infallibility; the second to
renew the church in line
with contemporary


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904-693-1911




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Ask about your state of the art respirator equipment.


prayer


The English word
Prayer is a translation of
Arabic words "Dua" as
well as "Salat". The word
Prayer is, then, applicable
on "Dua", "Salat",
individually or
collectively. "Dua" is the
prayer, offered alone, in a
small or with a large
group. At the end, the
word, 'Ameen' is uttered,
signifying 'O Allah,
Almighty, accept my/our
prayer', and then the 'Dua'
is over.
According to Holy
Prophet of Islam, the
supplicant is prohibited to
look towards sky or
Heaven when Dua is
offered. (Bukhari-Riazus
Saleheen, Vol. 2, P. 84.
No.. 1754.) The word
Dua prayer, is used for
the supplications that one
has to make in one's own
language to Allah the
Almighty. (Malffzat,
Vol. 4, P. 245.) Hazrat
Ibraheem, peace be on


By Dr. Qazi Muhammad
Barkatullah
him, said: "Surely, Allah
Almighty is the Hearer of
the Dua-Prayer.' -(Holy
Quran. 14:40) AND:
"Allah, Almighty, Bestow
Thy Grace on me and
accept my Dua-prayer."
(Holy Quran 14:41)
Dua, then means, prayer
in general and offered in
one's own language.
Salat, on the other
hand, is obligatory prayer,
offered in specific Arabic
words.. Salat is the
prayer which is offered in
a prescribed manner, at
least five times a day,
with prescribed postures,
in prescribed manner.
Generally, the words of
the Salat are uttered in
(continued on page 15)


By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
developments.
Some councils
completed the unfinished
business of their
predecessors. The first
eight councils, Nicaea
(325)' to Constantinople
IV (869-870), met in
somewhat rapid
succession because they
were refining creedal
statements. Several
followed soon after
another to. address
persisting problems. The

(continued on page 14)


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Best Wishes From:
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432 East Monroe Street Jacksonville, FL






"Paige 4 THE SmRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

FLORIDA'S GOLD COAST


Lebanese
American Club
of Mobile
Our annual club
banquet was held at the
Marriott Hotel on
January 23, 2004. Our
club members enjoyed a
wonderful dinner. We
were especially honored
to host our distinguished
guests for the evening,
Mr. Anthony Campbell,
Chairman of the Board of
The Southern Federation;
Mr Camille Sharrouf,
former chair of
AISAC/St. Jude's and
Michael Dow, Mayer of
Mobile.
Mayor Dow was
bestowed honorary
membership in our club,
and in turn, presented
honorary Mobihan
certificates to Mr.
Campbell and Mr.
Sharrouf. Our club was
additionally honored by
the mayor as he
bestowed a Patriotic
Citizcnls Award to our
member Michacljalkh.
(continued on page 16)


Cedar Club of
Arizona
Cleans House,
Elects New
Officers

Phoenix, AZ -The
Cedar Club of Arizona
held its annual elections
in November resulting in
the election of a new
president and many fresh
new faces. Nick B. Davis
took the reigns as the
President of the Club on
January 1st, 2004, adding
to his team include
Walley Estfan Club
Vice President, Mamye
Jonovich- Club
Treasurer, Jean Estfan-
Club Secretary and
Wissam Zalaket -
Corresponding Secretary,
John Hadad Business
Chairman, and the 2004
Board Members include
Leo Hadad, Frank Ziede
and Alan Herro.
Plans for 2004 include
completing the remodel
of the Clubhouse,
increasing club
(continued on page 16)


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Salam Club of
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Members of the Salam
Club of Miami enjoyed
their annual Christmas
party on Sunday,


December 14, 2003.
There is no charge to
members for this elegant
annual event, however,
each member is required
to contribute the sum of
ten dollars which money.
is given to those in need.
This year's beneficiary
(continued on page 16)


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The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is. an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
,Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 71Y-69)o6
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year

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Cedars of
Lebanon Club
of Jackson,
Mississippi
The new officers of
the Jackson, Mississippi
Cedars of Lebanon Club
for the year 2004 were
installed at the January
18, 2004 dinner meeting
held at the Jackson Club
House. The new officers
were installed by
Mississippi Federation
State Vice President,
Kitty Khalaf, a member
of the Jackson Club.
Those taking the oath
of office were Warren
Strain, President; Mary
Tonos Bishop, Vice-
President; Annette
Buttross Nfinninger,
Secretary; Alfred Katool,
Sr, Treasurer; Peter
Buttross, Sergeant-at-
arms. Board of Director
members taking office
-are .Norman Katool,
Randy Keng, Kitty
Khalaf, Melissa Malouf,
Richard Thomas, Nora
Korkmas Walker and Pat


S(continued on page 16)

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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

FLORIDA


Mosque
(continued from page 1)
Toward ending gender
discrimination and
reclaiming Muslim
women's rights at
mosques across the
nation.
"To deny women
access to space is to deny
access to participation,"
the 38-year-old single
mother said Wednesday."
We want voice and we
want leadership."
Although there was
never an official Kolicy at
the Morgantown mosque,
it had become custom that
women pray in the
balcony and enter through
a separate door "-to
protect their privacy," said
Christine Arja, a Fairmont
lawyer, who is a


spokeswoman for the
mosque's executive
committee.
"Many people don't
understand the manner in
which Muslims pray,"
Arja said. "We pray in a
line with our shoulders
touching and our
backsides do go up in the
air. Many women don't
want to be shoulder-
toshoulder with men."
Still, earlier this week -
and less than a month
after a new executive
committee was elected,
including the mosque's
first woman leaders
clarified that women can
pray behind men in the
main prayer space. The
mosque's small
membership is largely
made up of West Virginia
University students and


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staff members.
"Less than a year ago,
they told me, 'Sister,
please use the back
entrance,'" Nomani said.
"Now, they're talking
about greeting us at the
door. This is an important
victory toward removing
the barriers that keep
women from full
participation."
Since Nomarn started
praying in the main hall,
along with her mother and
13-year-old niece, only
one woman has joined
her. Many women, she
said, "still feel like they're
breaking the rules."
And some who


supported Nomani in the
beginning feel alienated
by the spotlight she has
put on their once peaceful
mosque.
Nomani, an author and
journalist who has written
for The Wall Street
Journal, The Washington
Post and The New York
Times, was born in India,
but moved to
Morgantown when she
was 10. After traveling
throughout the world as a
reporter, she returned to
West Virginia last year to
raise her son near family.
Her father, a retired
WVU professor, was one
(continued on page 16)


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Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

FLORIDA/GEORGIA


Natsios
(continued from page 1)
worst humanitarian
disaster in the world right
now. There has been a
clear pattern of ethnic
cleansing against the
African Fur, Zaghawa,
and Massalit tribes by
Sudan government forces
and militias under its
control known as the
Jingaweit. Victims cite
recurrent and systematic
attacks against towns and
villages, burning of
buildings and crops,
arbitrary killings, gang
rape, and looting.
Last February, the
Sudanese Liberation
Mo vement/ Army
(SLM/A) and the Justice
and Equality Movement
(JEM) declared their
opposition to Sudan's
government, and two
month later the SLAVA
attacked Sudanese
military targets in North
Darftm


Since then, Sudan and
its Jingaweit militia have
waged a bitter war against
the opposition
movements and civilians
suspected of supporting
the opposition. From
10,000 to 30,000 people
may have died. The
United Nations reports at
least a million people
have been displaced
inside Darfur and another
100,000 have sought
refuge in Chad- -
SWe do not have
hunianitarian access to
the ar-affected, except
for three sites in large
cities. Food is. running
out, sanitary conditions
are terrible, and disease is
beginning to spread.
Child mortality is rising at
an alarming rate, and the
coming rains will inhibit
food distribution.
Last October, 1 went to
Sudan with Roger Winter,
Assistant Administrator
for Democracy, Conflict,
(continued on page 17)


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Algeria
(continued from page 1)
Sahraoui, head of the
Salafist Group for Call and
Combat, marked a major
victory for Algerian
government efforts to
suppress militant violence
and left his armed


Sudan
(continued from page 1)
The two sides were
expected to sign the
protocols on the last major
issues later Wednesday
after a day of intensive
talks.
If the protocols are
signed, all that remains to
work out are procedural


organization with no clear
leader.
Sahraoui and three of
his lieutenants were killed
in a "vast anti-terrorist
operation" that continues
east of the capital, Algiers;
the army general staff said
in a statement.


matters to end Africa's
longest-running war, in
which more than 2 million
people have died, mostly
from war-induced famine.
The southern conflict
broke out in 1983 after the
rebels from the mainly
animist and Christian
south took up arms against
the predominantly Arab
and Muslim north.


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Page 8 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR .July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


New Orleans
(continued from page 1)
excitement, fellowship,
friends and f~nily. On
July 12th DON'T SAY, "I
wish I would have been
there.". We will be
celebrating it all at the
Southern Fedration's 73rd
Annual Convention in
New Orleans-July 7-11,
2004.
This year, you can
enjoy the 4th of July in
your own hometown with
your family and friends.
Then, you can pack up
and roll into New Orleans
to celebrate with your
extended family in our
home. There is something
for everyone at this
convention- a Cajun Fais-
Do-Do (pronounced Fay-
Doe-Doe), the Aquarium
of the Americas, the
Audubon' Zoo, the
Riverwalk, a city tour
including the nationally
acclaimed D-Day
Museum, the French


Quarter, pool side music,
late night discos, special
young adult functions, an
afternoon Arabic concert,
great food, 3 nights of live
Arabic entertainment,
great American music,
cultural presentations, a
Talent Showcase, the
spectacular Debutante
Ball, New Orlean's own
"Rock'n Bowl", more
fun, more friends and this
is just the beginning. Your
hosts, the members of the
Syrian Lebanese
American Club of New
Orleans and the Lebanese
American Society of New
Orleans are waiting for
you with open arms and
warm hearts. This is one
you won't want to miss!!!
Great Location: The
convention headquarters
will be the Sheraton New
Orleans Hotel. It is
located on Canal Street
right across from the
French Quarter about 3

(continued on page 17)


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Alexandria
(continued from page 1)
said Wednesday.
"This is the oldest
university ever found in
the world," Grzegory
Majderek, head of the
Polish mission, told The
Associated Press.
The lecture halls, with
a capacity of 5,000
students, are part of the
fifth century university,


Ad
(continued from page 1)
advertisement in the Los
Angeles Times
denouncing all forms of
terror carried out in the
name of religion. TO
VIEW THE AD, GO TO:
http://www.cair-
net.org/downloads/cair-
la-ad.pdf.


with functioned until the
seventh century,
according to a statement
from Egypt's Supreme
Council of Antiquities.
Alexandria was an
intellectual center where
scholars are thought to
have produced the
Septuagint, the Greek
translation of the Old
Testament, and edited
Homer's works.


The ad, headlined "NO
To Terrorism, NO TO
BIGOTRY," reads:
"Over the last few
weeks, Americans of all
faiths have been horrified
by images of violence in
the Middle East. The
Iraqi prisoner abuse
scandal does not represent

(continued on page 18)


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Page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


Libya
(continued from page 1)
in the regularity and
vehemence with which
they express their well
versed opinions. It was
therefore a surprise to
learn of Libyds
admission that it had
attempted to develop
weapons of mass
destruction (WMD) but
that it had now decided
to allow free access to
international observers
to oversee the breakup


of these weapons
programmes.
Following some
progress on .the
L o c k e r b i. e
negotiations, Libya
approached the British
and US governments in
March 2003 to initiate
talks on WMD.
Towards the end of
nine months of secret
negotiations, British
and US inspectors were
shown "Significant
quantities" of chemical
agent and the means to


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target it, plus uranium
enrichment facilities.
Tripoli had long argued
that its chemical and
biological programmes
only pursued
pharmaceuti cal or
agricultural research
but US claims that the
country had secret
chemical and
biological weapons
programmes now seem
well founded.
In December, Libyan
President Colonel
Muammar Gadaffi
agreed to allow
inspectors immediate
and unconditional:
access to all nuclear,
chemical and
biological weapons
installations for
assessment and then to
oversee the
dismantling of its
programmes across the
N hole range of VIMD.
Tripoli also agreed to
limit the range of its
missiles to a maximum ;
of 300km, as laid down
under the Missile
Technology _Control
Regime; to negotiate
an Additional Protocol
to its Safeguards
Agreement with the
International Atomic
Energy Agency
(IAEA); and adhere
strictly to the Chemical
Weapons Convention
and Non-Proliferation
Treaty.
The response of
Blair and other western
politicians was almost
as surprising as the
shock Libyan decision.
The British prime
minister described
Gadaffis move as a
"courageous decision"'
that would "make the
region and the world
more secure". He
added: "Libya's actions
entitle it to rejoin the
internal i onal
community-' and "I
now look forward to
developing a
productive relationship
with him and with


Libya".
Bush was more
reticent in praising
Libya, caMing on the
country to "fully
engage in the war
against terror ~3 and
emphasising that
because of Libyds past
record on supporting
terrorism the US and
UK would "be vigilant
(continued on page 18)


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


SAID
(continued from page 1)
Arab-American
publications, community
newspaper and Arab
correspondents.
"USAID's new public
diplomacy initiative is
committed to presenting a
more accurate image of
America to the greater
Middle East, and
promoting a better
understanding of the
policy goals of
Presidential Initiatives
and the mission of
USAID," says Director,
Walid Maalouf.
Administrator Andrew
S. Natsios, USAID's top


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official, welcomed frank
discussion and spoke to a
variety of issues raised by
participants. Other
USAID officers joining
the discussion included
Edward Fox, Assistant
Administrator for
legislative and Public
Affairs; Jim Kunder,
Deputy Assistant
Administrator for Asia
and Near East; William
Garvelink, Senior Deputy
Assistant Administrator
for Democracy; David
Taylor, Director for Office
of- Transition Initiative,
Jeff Grieco, Deputy
Assistant Administrator
for LPA, Samah Alrayyes,
Public Affairs Specialist


in Middle Eastern Affairs


and Portia
Director.
State
officials
included
Boucher,
Secretary


Palmer, Press

Department
participating
Richard
Assistant
for Public


Affairs and Spokesman;
Pat Harrison, Assistant
Secretary for Educational
and Cultural Affairs;
James Larocco, Principal
Deputy Assistant
Secretary for Near
Eastern Affairs and Alina
Romanowski, Acting
Assistant Secretary and-
MEPI Affairs.
Mr. Maalouf, the
principal planner and
moderator of the summit,


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said the day marked the
largest exchange between
Mideast-American
correspondents and U.S.
officials was the first of
several outreach events to
the Arab and Moslem
communities in the
United States.

Lebanon
(continued from page 1)

again after it has
experienced extreme
violence, severe ethnic
tensions, and horrific
communal violence.
One can readily call
to mind other such
sorry countries when
reading through this
book. But, as the
author states so often,
Lebanon is different. It
is almost sui generis
because it is a
multiethnic state that,
for much of its history,
has survived with
many disparate
communities getting
along in a somewhat
peaceful and civil
manner. It is also, as
the author astutely
points out, somewhat
of an ideological threat
to Lebanon's
neighboring states that
are mostly of one
religion and are far
(continued on page 19)


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Page........ .... July. 2


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


Campaign
(continued from page 1)
and Native American
heritage. Each person
in the spots states how
they and their families
have served America
and ends by saying, "I
am an American
Muslim." Both PSAs
were distributed by
satellite to television
public service directors
from 2:15 p.m. 2:30
p.m. ET (11:15 a.m.
PT), on C-BAND,
Intelsat Americas (IA)
6, Transponder 15,


D/L: 4000 V.
"Our experience
shows that
I s lamophobic
stereotyping and bias
are most often based on
ignorance and
unfamiliarity with the
American Muslim
community." said
CAIR Executive
Director Nihad Awad.
"Tolerance and mutual
respect will flourish if
Americans of all faiths
get to know each other
as real human beings,
not as religious or
ethnic stereotypes."


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Awad said the PSAs
are a result of growing
demand for accurate
and objective
information about
Islam and Muslims in
America. Other CAIR
projects designed to
meet that demand
include sending Islam-
related materials to
public libraries
( w w w c aiT -
net.org/libraryproject)
and publishing ads in
newspapers nationwide
(www.americanmuslim
s.info).
PSA campaign kick-
off also ties into
CAIR's recent "Not in
the Name of Islam"
online petition drive
designed to
disassociate the faith
of Islam from the
violent acts of a few


MORELS


Muslims. SEE:
http://www.cair-
net.org/asp/article.asp?
id=1071&page=NR.
The PSA launch
comes following
release of CAIR's
annual report on the
status of American
Muslim civil rights that
revealed a distributing
70 percent increase in
anti-Muslim incidents
nationwide during
2003. That report
blamed Islamophobic
stereotyping for much
of the sharp jump in
discrimination cases.
SEE: http://www.cair-
net.org/asp/article.asp?
id=1069&page=NR.


Best Wishes to Our I
Lebanese Friends a


ERICKS

CHEESE
& WIN E


A nir inn dnr4


VIal ly e~r a Iall'ln
and Customers





SPCATYFOS




& HCLAE



1iPRID


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(Hwy 184)
Banner Elk
828-898-9424


BISTRO


CHEF DEAN MITCHELLS


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RESTAU RANT

One Banner Street, Downtown Banner Elk
Call For Reservations (828) 898-6866


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Tuesday thru Saturday, 6 until 10 t'
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k m i AT T IRUTmi10 SALON
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BACKSTREET


-


July 2004


I


Page I I






Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


Farhat-Kalil
(continued from page 2)
and with high honors
from the University of
North Florida (bachelor's


degree and master's
degree). She is employed
by St. Vincent's Medical
Center as a physical
therapist.
The bridegroom, son of


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828-898-4040
Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner Daily 7am-10pm
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Specialty Pizza and Subs
Gourmet Coffees, Desserts & Pastries
"The Ice-Cream Shoppe"
Sundaes, Shakes, and More
Downtown Banner Elk across
from the elementary school.


Special Thanks To Our Many
Syrian & Lebanese, Friends & Customers









(828) 898-9565
Read Brown, Manager
4000 NC Highway # 105, Banner Elk, NC 28604
EOE M/F


Saundra and Edward
Farhat, graduated from
Wolfson High School and
the University of Florida
(bachelor's degree). He is
employed by Pioneer
Paper and Plastics.
Christina Toney was


Rukab-Lewis
(continued from page 2)
the University of North
Florida.
The bridegroom, son of
Bridie and Edward
Rukab, Jacksonville,
graduated from Forrest
High School and is
employed by Suncoast
RV. The bride's sisters,.


Sincerely Yours
(continued from page 2)
expanded our mission
from leukemia to many
other catastrophic
illnesses, such as brain
tumors, sickle cell disease
and brittle bone disease.
When we opened the
doors in '62 we
anticipated our
operational costs on an
annual basis would be
approximately $250,000.
Today, operational costs
are almost $1 million per


the matron of honor, and
Jay Farhat was the best
man.
Following a trip to
Punta Cana, Dominican
Republic, the couple will
live in Jacksonville.


Shammy Lewis and
Nicole Lewis, were the
maids of honor. The
groom's brothers, John
Paul Rukab and'I'drik
Rukab, were the best
men.
Following a trip to
Scotland and England, the
couple will live in
Jacksonville.


day and climbing. This
does not include new
capital construction and a
new major research
building being considered
by the board, in the
approximate amount of
$70 million.
This is what you have
made, possible. Our
donors, big and small;
corporate partners, big
and small; have followed
Danny's dream and made
it the reality that exists
today. In addition to four
national affiliates located
in Peoria, IL, Baton
Rouge and Shreveport,
LA, and Johnson City,
TN, we have affiliates in
18 international locations
throughout Central and
South America, Ireland,
the Middle East and the
Far East. We are able,
through these
international affiliates, to
train doctors and nurses
with our protocols and
raise the survival rates
significantly at little
cost.
Yes, we have come a
long way in 42 years. The
fund-raising staff in
addition to the hospital
staff has increased, and
we now have fundraising
offices in 29 locations
across the country. We
have many different fund-


(continued on page 20)


Best Wishes From

LOUISIANA

PURCHASE


WPURCHASEY


FRENCH
CAJUN
CREOLE

NORTHERN
ITALIAN
CUISINE


CELEBRATING TWENTY YEARS
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Since 1990

Major Credit Cards Honored

Serving Dinner Nightly
6:00 10:00 Monday Thursday
6:00 10:30 Friday & Saturday
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Reservations Suggested
(828) 963-5087 (828) 898-5656

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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


Future Events
(continued from page 3)
times on my television
show during the last 22
years. According to the
Jewish custom of old
concerning marriage,
after the couple met and
they agreed to marriage,
her father would ask for a
dowry, consisting of
things, like money,
camels, etc. An
agreement was then
written between her father
and the spouse to be. The
young man then went
back to his country (for
example, Russia) to finish
his work. In the mean
time, he naturally
corresponded with his
bride until they knew each
other very well and
started to love each other.
When he was ready to
return, he told her of the
time of his arrival at the
airport.
Then all of his relatives
and friends living in
Russia would arrive.
They would leave the


airport with torches,
lanterns, lights, singing,
and dancing to meet the
bride. In the same way
and in the same time, the
bride to be went out with
all her family, relatives
and friends with torches,
lanterns, lights, singing
and dancing till they met
together in the middle of
the city. Then all of them
went back to his father's
house for the wedding
which would last seven
days..
Now let us speak of the
spiritual meaning of this
wedding.. -We read in
Matthew 25:1-10, "Then
shall the kingdom of
heaven be likened unto
ten virgins, which took
their lamps, and went
forth to meet the
bridegroom. And five of
them were wise, and five
were foolish. They that
were foolish took their
lamps, tarried, they all
slumbered and slept.
And at midnight there was
a cry made, Behold,. the


Enjcw Ourdocor Dhiriig On
Our Garden Patio!-


Exq.,isik' l- t\1 AdftxW x

828.265 0500


1 '......... ... .. .. .... ..


bridegroom cometh; go ye
out to met them; But the
wise took oil, in their
vessels with their lamps.
While the bridegroom
cometh; go ye out to meet
him. Then all those
virgins arose, and.
trimmed their lamps.
And the foolish said unto
the wise, Give us of your
oil; for our lamps are gone
out. But the wise
answered, saying, Not so;
lest there be not enough
for us and you; but go ye
rather to them that sell,
and buy for yourselves.
And while they went to
buy, the bridegroom
came; and they that were .
ready went in with him to
the marriage; and the door
was shut." (The oil is
symbolic of the Holy
Spirit. The unbelievers
are empty, dead
spiritually.)
The true believers
know approximately
when the Lord will return
from speaking with- Him
in pra\ er and getting His
answers from reading His
word in the Bible. His
return will be for those
who are ready to meet
Him (the wise only), who
are N\ orthL to be with Him
in Heaven. He will
return with all those
believers who died and
went to Heaven. He will
also have all His angels in
heaven to meet His bride
in the air in the middle of
the way (where the
judgment seat of Christ

(continued on page 20)


The Old Jailhouse
Come See Us For Sunday Brunch!
0. 142 S. Water Street Boone Call for Reservations
262-5000
Restaurant & Pub Circa 1886
Soon's Oldest New Dining esiablishmntl
Open for lunch 11:30-2:30 Mon Sat
Open for dinner 5:50 till late 7 Days a week
Introducing South Indian Cuising to the fligh Country
S gmoke free Dining Room porchDining and patio Dining
Parking at the corner of Water & Howard


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On the North Fork of the New
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CHARMING, INTIMATE, & CASUAL
spend a romantic night,, week or weekend
Chef Bill Klein invites you for Dinner
wednesday through sunday

Join Us for
Wine Dinners...Cooking Classes
Sunday Evenings at River House "Salon Series"
River House Winefest On The New, July 17
for information visit www.riverhousenc.com



1896 Old Fd e


)rrento'
0' S gr: *fi/y ?Cft






Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


The Church
(continued from page 3)
first four Lateran councils
met successively in less
than a century (1123,
1.139, 1179, 1215) to
address questions of
church reform. In later
situations councils
finished work that. earlier


meetings could .not
because of difficult
circumstances.
Reviewing the
historical contexts and
major undertakings of the
councils to respond to
particular challenges will
help to recognize the
connecting themes and to
form a general synthesis


Best Wishes From:
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Featuring Fresh Baked Breads
and Nutritious & Delicious Meals

Breakfast Lunch Dinner
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of the church's journey to
the present.
The First and Model
Council in the New
Testament
While the council held
in Jerusalem and recorded
in the Acts of the Apostles
is not listed with those we
consider general "or
ecumenical, this meeting
of Peter and James, Paul
and Barnabas, and others
is often noted as the first
and model council.
Constantinople (553).
explicitly mentioned the
importance of the apostles
coming together to
consult and to make a
decision. The New
Testament includes two
accounts of this meeting:
Acts of the Apostles 15


and. Galatians 2:1-10.
The "Council of.
Jerusalem" probably met
in 49 or 50 to address the
question that arose, a
handful of years after
Jesus' death and
resurrection: Must one be


a Jew in order to be a
Christian? The issue
boiled down to whether
men needed to be
circumcised, and whether
all were bound by the
Jewish dietary laws.
Acts 15 set some


important patterns for
future councils. For
example, Paul and
Barnabas were "appointed
to go up to Jerusalem to
discuss this questions
(continued on page 20)


Our 19th Anniversary.Sepson! y
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A unique dining experience
Presenting the creative culinary. talent of
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Menu features
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as well as specialty seafood and Southestern USA dishes.
Complete your meal with a wine selected to compliment each dish.
Then top your evening with a selection from
Chef Burton's dessert creations.
CASUAL FINE DINING



82-9896 for Reseration






Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


- MoAna's

SStarlight

Cybercafe

SMon-Thur 7:30-9:00
Fri 7:30- 10:00 Sat 8:00- 10100
Sun 12:00-5:00
828-898-9184


Enjoy expresso, tea,
smoothies, and more.
Tantalize your tastebuds
with a delicious pastry or surf
the net with online computers,
read a book, play a game
or just relax.
Wonderful, healthy alternatives
including sugar free desserts &
soothing non-caffine options.
Plus, an enchanting gift
shop to browse through.


Best


R ('hik


them.
The Holy Prophet of
Islam, Hazrat
Muhammad, peace be on
him, has encouraged the
Salat to be offered in
congregation. According
to a well known Tradition,
Holy Prophet is reported
to have said "A person
who is regular in his or
her Salat in congregation
has a reward twenty seven
times more than the Salat


offered privately."
(Bukhari.) Salat that is
five times prescribed
prayer is not a penalty for
the Believers. Salat is a
voluntary act to purify
himself: or herself to
overcome daily
carelessness, negligence
and coarseness of life.
Salat-obligatory Muslim
prayer helps a Believer to
(continued on page 20)


Prayer
(continued from page 3)
Arabic, for the oneness of
mankind. However, one
can ad his or her own
words, after uttering the
prescribed Arabic words,
in different postures,
especially in prostration -
'Sajada' for personal
contentment. The Salat
that is the prescribed
obligatory prayer can be
offered alone, at least five
times a day, at particular
time. But the-- Holy
Prophet of Islam has
encouraged the Believers
to offer the Salat in
congregation. For, it
fosters the spirit of
brotherhood and also
inculcates the. idea of
equality of mankind by
standing 'shoulder to
shoulder' with one
another. Salat-obligatory
prayer is led by an 'Imam'-
religious leader, chosen
for particular place of
worship-Masjid, or
selected for a particular
congregational Salat.
The women offer the
Salat behind the same
Imam, a little away from
the men, a partition or a
curtain drawn in-between


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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

NORTH CAROLINA HIGH COUNTRY


Alabama News
(continued from page 4)
The new officers were
installed at the banquet by
Anthony Campbell. Our
officersare; Ruby T.
Moore, President; Dr.
Bassam A.. Bassam,
VicePresident; Melanie
Kahalley, Secretary;
Rosemarie Lcitner,
Recording Secretary;
Joseph Davis, Treasurer;
Kelly Strong, Sergeant-at-
arms. The club's directors
are Kamal Constantine,
judge William Saliba,
Gene Petro, David
Campbell, Wadie Gabriel,
Sameh Dalati. Our
trustees are Parker
Kahalley, Margaret Hurd
and Ann Sudeiha. Bob


Belmany serves as the
chair of our building
committee.
Our club looks forward
to an exciting and busN
year. We are planning a
special focus this year to
build a youth program
within our club. We invite
all of our Federation
friends and family to
come to Mobile often,
where you will find a
home away from home.

Arizona News
(continued from page 4)
part c i pa t i on ,
participating more in the
Southern Federation and
defining the role the
Cedar Club of Arizona
plays in our community.


Nelson's Salon
Hours: 9 am Till Closing
Monday Saturday
Walk Ins Welcome
Hair-Nails-Facials-Piercings
Paul Mitchell Products


262-3664
128 Appalachian St.
Boone, NC


Florida News
(continued from page 4)
was the Community
Partnership for the
Homeless, Inc. Salam
Club members
contributed $ 1,000 to


Mississippi News
(continued from page 5)
Moore, immediate past
president of the club.
The Jackson Club has
been an affiliate of the
Southern Federation since
1934 and the club house
was completed and
dedicated July 24, 1938.
The Jackson Club has
served the Federation
with two Presidents, one
Secretary, two Board
Chairman, two Young
Adult Affiliate Presidents,
several Executive Board
members, State Vice-


Mosque
(continued from page 6)
of the founding members
of the mosque built 23
years ago. Today, he
apologizes to his daughter
for
no t


purchase toys for the
homeless children of this
center. Additionally, past
president, Dr. Thomas
Zaydon donated beautiful
stuffed animals.
This Christmas gift to


Presidents and Committee
Chairmen. Also, hosting
the 1934 Convention and
six Midwinter
Conferences.
We, the present day
members of the jeackson
Affiliate Club, are
grateful to those who had
the wisdom to establish
our club and the foresight
to become affiliated with
the Southern Federation.
We are.grateful to those
who kept the tradition
throughout the years by
keeping us bonded to our
herigate and to each other.


recognizing women's
rights from the beginning,
saying he didn't know
better.
Among Muslims,
worship practices vary.
Even in the United States,
some mosques ban
women entirely.
In fact, a growing
number of U.S. mosques
put women behind a
partition or in another
room to pray, according to
the Council on American-
Islamic Relations.
Many other mosques
allow women and men to
pray in the same space,
including Islards holiest-
mosque in Mecca, which
prompted Nomani and
other like-minded women
to form Daughters of
Hajar.
The group, -named for
the second wife of
Abraham and mother of
Ishmael, plans to gather in
Morgantown today to
march to the mosque,
-enter through the front
door and pray in the main
hall. A public reading to
discuss the new
generation of American
(continued on page 20)


the homeless was a
generous gesture from our
members. Earlier in
December, checks were
written for the club's
annual charitable
donations. Fourteen


worthwhile organizations
received funds totaling
$14,500.
Members of the Salam
Club feel blessed to have
the resources to share
with those in need.


Dine

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Serving Breakfast Lunch & Dinner
Serving from 7am 9pm
7 Days A Week

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870 North Main Street Blowing Rock


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We receive a newselection twice a week

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Tuie. e. F ri Sat 9am-7pm Visit
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Page 17 THL S RIAN-LEBANESE ST\R Jul. 2004

MARYLAND/VIRGINIA


Natsios
(continued from page 7)
and Humanitarian
Assistance, and
Constance Newman,
Assistant Administrator
for Africa. We visited
western and northern
Darfur, and then we met
with Vice President Ali
Osman Mohammed Taha
in Khartoum to urge the
government to rein in the
Jingaweit militia and
allow access for
humanitarian workers to
the displaced.
Since the conflict
heated up this past
February, USAID and the
State Department's
Bureau of Population,
Refugees, and Migration
have provided $85.5
million worth of relief
commodities, including
\- '


New Orleans
(continued from page 8)
blocks from the River (2
blocks from Harrah's
Casino) and has a "to die
for" convention lobby.
There is so much to do- all
within walking distance
of the hotel. The hotel has
recently completely a
major renovation and is a
first class facility in every
respect. Rates are $96 per
night (single, double,
triple or quad). Concierge
level service and special
suite rooms are also
available. The hotel has a
toll-free reservation
number: (888) 627-7033.


80,000 metric tons of food
that's either been.
delivered or is on the way.
On April 11, USAID's
Office of U.S. Foreign
Disaster. Assistance
mobilized a Disaster
Assistance Response
Team (DART).
President Bush,
Secretary of State Colin
L. Po\\ell, National
Security .Adviser
CoDdoleezza Rice, and 4l
have called .Sudan's
leaders about Darfur as
well as about the ongoing
talks to end the war with
southern rebels. We told
the Sudanese there will be
no .normalization of
relations unless atrocities
stop and there is
humanitarian access to
people affected by the
conflict.
U.S., EU, U.N., and


Be sure to specify the
Southern Federation of
Syrian Lebanese
Ameri'can" Clubs
convention. Hotel room
rate cut-off date is June
16, .2004. Make your
reservations early.
The hotel has plenty of
room so bring Mama and
Daddy, bring Sitie and
Jitie (or Sito and Jido),
bring Uncle Paul and
Aunt Mary, bring the
kids- just bring everyone!
Some of the program
highlights include:
Cajun Fais Do-Do
(pronounced Fay-Doe-
Doe)- This will be a full
evening starting with an


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African Union officials
m&t .with -.rebel and
Sudanese. got ernment
leaders in N'Djamena,
Chad, recently to
negotiate a humanitarian
ceasefire agreement- that
would stop the hostilities
and allow access to the
entire region. Both sides
signed the 45-day
agreement, which went
into effect on April 11, but
some provisions of the
agreement are not being
followed, impeding relief
efforts.
SI have spoken to
development ministers in
Japan, Canada, and
Europe, about a robust
international effort to
prevent this from
becoming a terrible
tragedy.
We arc prepared to
mount a massive relief


optional Cajun catfish
dinner, Cajun music and
dancers. There \\ill be
entertainment and fuifrfor
all ages, a few surprises
and of course, dabkie,
dabkie and more dabkie.
If you want to eat at the
Fais-Do-Do, just register
for the additional dinner


effort, but we cannot do-
so unless. Sudan allows a
ceascfire commission
with Affican Union, EU,
U.N., and US. participants
to monitor the
implementation
of. the N'Djamena
agreement
disarms the Jingaweit
militias
issues travel permits
and .visas for
humanitarian workers,.
including our own
DART team, to reach
the victims of the conflict
There is very little time
left. If we do not'have this
resolved by the. end of
June, we are going to face
a catastrophic situation by
the fall. *
wwvi-usald.gov
Keywotd- Sudan


(special adult and child
prices are available).
The Talent
Showcase/Dabkie
Showcase- Throughout
the convention, we will be
showcasing the vast and
varied talent from around

(continued on page 21)


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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

MARYLAND/VIRGINIA/WASHINGTON, D.C.


Ad
(continued from page 8)
America or Christianity.
The Israeli missile that
killed innocent
Palestinian children in
Gaza does not represent
Judaism. And the
beheading of an innocent
American man, Nicholas
Berg, does not represent
Islam.
Islam, Christianity and
Judaism share the basic
values necessary to create
a world in which


Libya
(continued from page 9)
in ensuring its
government lives up to
all its responsibilities".
He added that the
country could "over
time, achieve far better
relations with the
United States",
indicating that he
expected Tripoli to
have to work for the
lifting of the US


tolerance and peace
prevail. We have an
opportunity to build
bridges between our faiths
and to challenge those
who attempt to divide
humanity along religious
and ethnic lines.
American Muslims
condemn all acts of
terrorism and are as
outraged as their fellow
Americans by atrocities
committed in the name of
God and their faith. Two
weeks ago, we invited
Muslims in America and


sanctions.
British Foreign
Secretary Jack Straw
said Gadaffi had
"shown huge
statesmanship in doing
this" and invited his
Libyan opposite
number, Abdulrahman
Shalgam, to visit
Britain. He indicated
that US sanctions could
now be lifted. But the
suspension of the


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all over the world to
support our stance against
terrorism by signing the
"Not in the Name of
Islam" online petition
posted on our website:
www.cair-net.org. So
far, individuals and
organizations
representing more than
500,000 Muslims are
signatories to this petition.
We now call on our
fellow Americans of all
faiths to join us in
opposing those who
promote hatred, violence


Libyan side of the Iran
Libya Sanctions Act
(ILSA) seems unlikely
in the short term.
A spokesperson for
the US State
Department said: "Our
focus is on Libyan
actions and Libyan
performance. We've
made it clear that as
Libya moves forward
in fulfilling its
commitments to,
divorce itself from any
connection to terrorism
and to abjure and
dismantle its WMD
programmes, we would
be willing to discuss


and bigotry. Let us all
say 'not in our name.'.
The CAIR ad appeared
in the main "A" section of
the Los Angeles Times..
It was also was published
in five Orange County,
Los Angeles-area and
Northern California
community newspapers as
part of the ongoing "Islam
in America" advertising
campaign. SEE:
http://www.americanmusl
ims.info.


bilateral relations. But
it hasrA got to that at-
this point."
In early January,
President Bush
confirmed: "Despite
the positive
developments, the
crisis with respect to
Libya has not been
fully resolved. I have
therefore determined
that it is necessary to...
maintain in force the
c 0in p r e h e n s I v e
comprehensive
sanctions against
Libya." Libyan assets
held in the US will not
be released and the
(continued on page 21)


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

ALABAMA/MISSISSIPPI


Lebanon
(continued from page 1)

from democratic. It has
also been a country that
has been a proxy
battlefield for powers
great and small for
hundreds of years.
Moreover, Lebanon has
been a focal point for
its region's chronically
unsolved conflicts and
tensions, leading to
some pathological
psychologies. Lebanon
also distinguishes itself
with historical and
religious weights that
few small countries
have.
Lebanon still has a
chance to be a
functioning democracy
made up of many
religious and ethnic
groups, but it also has a
chance of heading back
into calamity.
During the civil war


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of 1975-1991, possibly
more than 170,000
people were killed,
340,000 injured, and
about two-thirds of the
population was
displaced in some way.
Billions of dollars of
assets were lost, which
Khalaf cites as an
example of uncivil
violence.
Many might argue
that all violence is
uncivil. Khalaf tries to
present the differences
between uncivil and
civil violence in a
logical, academic, yet
practical way.
Essentially, he sees a
continuum that
stretches from strikes,
walkouts, and
controlled violence
rooted in economics
and politics (such as
income inequalities,
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conflicts) to atavistic,
primitive, illogical
"ultra" violence which
is based, somewhat
paradoxically, on
factors such as religion
and communal
loyalties or
"mythologies" derived
from those.
He gives examples
of times when
perpetrators- would
make sure people were
not in the buildings to
be bombed, or when
they would make sure
to not disrupt the daily
schedules .of their
villages and towns too
much. These may be
seen as, ironically, the
"good old days" of
violence in Lebanon.
He also gives examples
of the nightmarish civil
war during which
irrational, misdirected,
animalistic violence
became normal, even a
part of the everyday
routines of Lebanese.
He also describes sdme
of the short .and long
term psychological,


economic. social. and
political effects of such
a "normalization" of


primitive
violence.


uncivil


He points out that
certain -types of
violence take on a life
of their own, the
original reasons for it
are often lost, the
original targets 'are
sometimes forgotten,
and new, and easier
targets are chosen to
vent frustrated
violence. It is very
difficult to stop such
violence once it gets
started. Revenge and
counter-revenge can
lead to unstoppable
cycles of violence and
loss:' "an eye for an
eye" made Lebanon
blind.
Khalaf has
embedded a brilliant,
encyclopedic history of
Lebanon in this
fascinating book.
"Civil and Uncivil
Violence in Lebanon"
can be seen as a

(continued on page 22)


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13)
ilacel.


Sincerely Yours
(continued from page 12)
raising programs that
yield a great deal of
money to assist in the life-
saving work of the
institution. We say thank
you to each and every one
of you for your generosity
and your love for our
children.
I want to pay special
tribute, however, to our
repeat donors those who
give on a regular basis. As
1 tell my staff, our repeat


Future Events
(continued from page
will take p
Everyone will
rewarded according
works. After tha
Lord will take us al
to His Father's hoi
Heaven for a we
that will last seven
while on earth the;
have seven
tribulation, and a
tribulation.


The Church
(continued from page 14)
with the apostles and the
elders. So they were sent
on their way by the
church...." Henceforth
church leaders
representing distant and
diverse areas gathered in
a central' place to discuss
common issues and arrive
at solutions to the vexing
problems. James
employed a reasonable
compromise approach,


donors are our basic
givers. We never want to
grow too fast or too large
so that we become
impersonal. It is
important that we
personally thank all of our
many contributors.
Our goal is that the
next 42 years will bring
many life-saving cures,
joy and happiness to
families throughout the
nation and the world.
Richard C. Shadyac
ALSAC National
Executive Director


Are you ready? Or
will you be left behind?
Pray this prayer from all


Your heart to be saved
S from the wrath to come.
to his. Lord Jesus I believe that
t, the you are the only Son of
1 back
S God and paid for all my
me in
sins on the cross.
dding
adding Forgive me. I am a
years, sinner. Enter my heart
y will
Swill and fill me with the Spirit
years of God. Save me from
great hell. Thank you, Lord
-Jesus, for saving my soul.


and the decision of his
council was that Gentile
men need not be
circumcised to be
followers of Christ.
Then those meeting sent a
letter explaining the
decision an indicating the
source of its authority:
"For it has seemed good
to the Holy Spirit and to
us.;..."
In his letter to the
Galatians, Paul relates
that the group seemed to


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agree over a handshake,
as though everyone
participated equally in the
decision: "(they) gave me
and Barnabas their right
hands in partnership....."
(Gal 2:9). But in the Acts
of the Apostles, James
listened to everyone and
then made a decision.
"My brothers, listen to
me.....It is my
judgment...." (Acts
15:13,19). A slight
discrepancy appears


between Acts, which
suggests one decision
maker with whom others
agreed, and Galatians,
which sounds like a
consensus decision. This
situation is indicative of a
tension in several general
councils between popes
exercising their primacy
and bishops emphasizing
collegiality and
collaborative action.


Prayer brings closer to Allah, the
(continued from page 3) Almighty, the Creator, to
whom everyone has to
get rid of sins.- Salat m
return.
purifies a Believer and

Mosque Ghaftir of Atlanta, an
(continued from page 16) author and a recent chief
Muslim men also is operating officer of
planned. Azizah, a magazine for
They hope to use the Muslim women, is one of
conference to launch two the group's founding
nationwide campaigns: members.
"Take Back Your "Morgantown has
Mosque," to help women become a symbol for us
claim their rights, and a and a model for mosques
"Wedding Night across the nation," Abdul-
Campaign" .to educate Ghaftir said.
women about intimacy. Added Nomani:
"Sexuality is often "Morganfown will go
used as an excuse to deny down in history as a place
us rights," Nomani said. where the rights of
Sateemah Abdul- Muslim women were
affirmed."

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New Orleans
(continued from page 17)
the Federation, including
Clubs' special dabkie
troupes.
New. Orleans- Don't
worry, you will have time
to enjoy the city. Go on
the city tour and see
nationally acclaimed D-
Day Museum. Take Sitie's
Shuttle-a special service
provided by your hosts to
get you around to Jackson
Square, the Aquarium of
the America's and the
IMAX Theatre, Harrah's
Casino and the Riverwalk.
Visit the table in our
Hospitality room to obtain
suggestions on what to
see and do- the boat rides,
the St. Charles Street car,
the French Quarter, the
Zoo, St. Louis Cathedral,
the Superdome and the
list goes on. Do as much
or as little as you desire. It
will be a great mix of New
Orleans fun &

Libya-- .-- --
(continued from page 18)
sanctions will not be
lifted until the
disbandment of the
WMD programmes has
been completed and
until the. Lockerbie
compensation has been
paid in full. Libyan
Prime Minister, Shukri


entertainment together
with our spirited Syrian-
Lebanese heritage.
Rock'n Bowl- This is a
New Orleans original.
Others are now copying
this unique concept. We
will provide
transportation to the
famous "Mid City Lanes"
where we'll rock and
bowl all afternoon long.
Spend a great time with
your old friends and make
some new ones. It's a
classic!!
Special French Quarter
Singles Party-Don't miss
the special singles party at
one of New Orleans'
popular French Quarter
establishments. Definitely
a place to meet and make
new friends!
Young Adults- There
will be a special room
with games for the young
adults and adults who are.
still kids. We will have
late night discos on 3
nights. And, there will be


,Ghan.e m, ,,
previously hinted
$6m. of the $ 1
compensation to


paid to
families
relatives


each of
who
in


had
that.
Om
be
the
lost
the


Lockerbie bombing
may be withheld if US
sanctions are not lifted
by 12 May 2004.


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some special, daytime
outside activities
organized for the young
adults.
And that's not all- but
that's all we have space
for. Believe it! You.won't
be disappointed! Wewill
eat, dance, joke and laugh
for 5 days and 4 nights,
See the detailed program
schedule in this bulletin as
well as registration and
other information. But,
leave the details to us-
you just come and you
will definitely "pass a
good time" (that's a Cajun
saying". The combination
of our heritage, our
family, our friends, and
New Orleans is just too
good to pass up.
Discounted convention
registration is available
until June 16th. Up until
that date, adult (18 yeat
and older) registration is
$155 per person. Youth
(ages 13 through 17)
registration is $115. After
INSPECTORS --ON
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The International


June 16th, adult
registrations $175 and
youth registration is $130.
Children 12 and younger
are free, except if they
attend the banquet. The
child banquet ticket is
$37. Dance only tickets
are available for each
dance night at $50 per
night until June 16th and
$60 per night after June
16th. So, don't delay any
longer, send your
advanced registration in
today. Save money and
time. See the registration
form elsewhere in this
Bulletin. So, no matter
what the size of your
family (1 or 1,000) we are
all family. Life is full of
missed opportunities-
don't make this one of
them. Plan to Roll into
New Orleans, July 7-11,
Dabkie 'til You Drop and
Pass a Good Time,
Habebee!!


Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) wasted no time
(continued on page 22)


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Page 22 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

ARIZONA/UTAH/NEVADA


Libya
(continued from page 21)
in accepting the
invitation and
Mohammed El Baradei,
the head of the UN
agency, took an
inspection team to
Libya on 26 December,
just a week after the
Libyan decision had
been announced. Libya
will now be subject to
inspections at short
notice following its


Lebanon
(continued from page 19)


| '*": 'y


I %U1. '
I-





behavioral history with
some predictions and
hopes for the future,
but this book is much
more. Khalaf sounds
out many factors that
explain changes in
group behaviors of
Lebanese over time. He
focuses on internal
factors, such as the
Lebanese economy,
commodity prices,


decision to sign up to
the IAEA protocol.
While the US and
UK governments
believed Libya was
relatively close to
developing nuclear
weapons, the LkEA is
not so sure. On
completing his visit to
Libya in January, El
Baradei said: "They
were still a few years
away from developing
a nuclear weapon. This
is a Programme at an


labor issues,
government structure
and power, culture
clashes, and main
events like .the
"Sarajevos." of
Lebanon that include
assassinations of
famous journalists and
politicians. He also
focuses on external
factors, especially the
use of Lebanon for
proxy wars during the
19th and 20th centuries
by the "Great Powers"
and others for their
own national interests.
His interpretations of
the Marine incursions
of 1958 and in the early
1980s are riveting
reading. Khalaf is
convincing in his
interpretation that the
incursion in 1958 made
more sense and was


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early stage of
development. They
have not enriched any
uranium to our
knowledge. They have
not built any industrial
scale facility; it was all
at the pilot laboratory
scale."
All this raises the
question of why Libya
and Gadaffi decided to
dismantle their WMD
programme at this
juncture. Undoubtedly,
the fact that the initial


done in a better manner
than the sad disaster of
the 1980s. He also
looks deeply into the
effects Israel has had
on Lebanon from its
inception in 1948.
Lebanon is a tough
teacher, and a very
complex country.
Lebanon could be
seen as a canonical
example of how
foreign policies of
certain nations should,
be developed with a
very deep
understanding of the
countries that are
affected. Without that
deep understanding,.
the unintended,
unexpected, and the
unknowns could
multiply.
Khalaf does an_
excellent job of
explaining many of the
events that have shaped
Lebanon without
becoming sensational.
Interestingly, Khalaf


approach was made
during the same month
as US and UK forces
entered Iraq points to
rising Libyan fears
over its own security.
While a similar
invasion of the North
African state was
highly unlikely,
particularly because of
improving UK-Libyan
relations, Bush's
determination to
aggressively pursue his
(continued on page 23)


has very little positive
to say about the
Palestinians' effects on
Lebanon. He blames
the Palestinians for
much of the violence
heading .toward and
escalating the civil
war. He sees "Black
September" in Jordan,
after which the PLO
was tossed out and fled
in large numbers to
Lebanon, to be a major
turning point. He
makes a -negative
assessment of the
"Cairo Accords" that
gave the Palestinian
camps almost complete
autonomy. He gives
many examples of what
he calls Palestinian
lawlessness and,
violence, examples that
he believes tipped the
already unsteady scales
of inter-communal
violence toward the
uncivil, brutal civil
war.
(continued on page 23)


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2004

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Lebanon
(continued from page 22)

Lebanon's history
with the Palestinians
fits with Khalaf's
theoretical stream of
ideas related to the
importance of the
reactions and
interactions of the
internal-external
dialectics. It may seem
stunningly obvious that
Lebanon, because of its
geographically
strategic location, its
history, and the
connections its people
have with the outside
world through trade,
commerce, intellectual
life and more, that it
would be used as a
proxy for battles of the


Libya
(continued from page 22)
war on terror could
have left Gadaffi
pondering the fate of
his own country.
The move may also
have been intended to
catch the country
opponents including


bigger players.
Importantly, Khalaf
does not absolve the
Lebanese from their
own guilt. Indeed,
external powers and
interests have
interfered violently and
disturbingly in
Lebanon, but certain
Lebanese have also
added to this country's
troubles. He doe not
pull his punches, when
he points out who these
people have been.
The last section of
the book look into the
future and has a
cautiously optimistic
view of what might
happen in Lebanon.
Khalaf summarizes
certain lessons learned
throughout the book,


hardliners in the US
administration off
guard, leaving
Washington with little
option but to
eventually lift its own
sanctions on the
country. Gadaffi has
proven himself a
highly unpredictable


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an gives us some
recommendations for
how to stop such
uncivil violence in the
future.
This is a clearly
written book. It si
structured in a very
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author put massive
efforts into this study
over long period of
time. -There are
mansentences in this


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politics and would
surely have taken some
delight in doing
exactly what the" US
least expected.
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decision to abandon the
weapons programmes
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useful thoughts c the
author in his very
carefully crafted
phrasing.
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he cares deeply for his
country, and that he has
agonized over its
bloody past and
worries about it future.
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