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The Syrian Lebanese star ( April 1, 2004 )

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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
April 1, 2004
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00026

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
April 1, 2004
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00026

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
    Jacksonville's Beaches
        page 4
    Florida's Gold Coast/Central Florida
        page 5
    Florida's Gulf Coast
        page 6
    Florida
        page 7
    Georgia
        page 8
    South Carolina/North Carolina
        page 9
    Virginia/Washington DC/Maryland
        page 10
    Maryland/Virginia
        page 11
    Alabama
        page 12
    Texas
        page 13
    Dallas, TX/Houston, TX
        page 14
    San Antonio, TX
        page 15
    New Mexico/Oklahoma/Texas
        page 16
    Arizona
        page 17
    Arizona/Nevada
        page 18
    Colorado
        page 19
    Southern California
        page 20
        page 21
    California
        page 22
        page 23
    Recommended Businesses
        page 24
Full Text

U I ~


$15.00 SUBSCRIL


MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
MEMBER AMERICAN LEBANESE CONGRESS
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
www.syrianlebanesestar.com


PTION


XXXX #2 APRIL 2004


U.S. Arabs, Muslims intend to
have an impact at ballot

.-


Registration push comes amid feelings that they
have been maligned since Sept.11.


SANTA ANA, Calif.-
Sama Wareh registered to
vote for the first time last
year. But not for.real. Just
for extra credit in political
science. This time it's dif-
ferent, said the Anaheim
Hills, Calif., college stu-
dent as she marked


"independent" on a fresh
registration forin. For
Wareh and thousands of
other Arab- and Muslim-
Americans, the 2004
election is taking on the
aura of a defining
moment.
continued on page 22


A prominent national
Islamic civil rights and
advocacy group today
condemned as "senseless
and shameful" terror
attacks on Shia Muslims
in Iraq and Pakistan that
killed almost 200 people
and injured hundreds.


The Council on American
Islamic Relations (CAIR)
thanked federal law
enforcement authorities
for their quick action in
investigating a fire at a
Texas mosque that is


The Washipgton-based
Council on American-
Islamic Relations (CAIR)
said Muslims worldwide
should respond to the
attacks .with actions
designed to promote reli-
gious unity and political
stability, continued on page 6


believed to have been
"intentionally set." The
Washington-based
Islamic civil rights and
advocacy group also
called for donations to
help repair the mosque.
.contirluied on.page 14,'.*


Queen Noor
visits in
South Carolina





'


Queen Noor of Jordon
made- stops at a neonatal
intensive care unit and a
cancer center in
Spartanburg. S.C.; on
Saturday.
continued on page 9

Treasure Trove,
of Civilization


9N4S1-_


Tunisia contains some of
the most important World
Heritage sites. Its cultural
roots go back three thou-
sand years to the glory
thatwas Carthage.
continued on page 7


Iraqi-born
architect first
woman to win
top honor

West Hollywood, Calif.-
Zaha Hadid, an Iraqi-born
architect who struggled
for years to get her auda-
cious and unconventional
designs built, won the
prestigious 2004 Pritzker
Architecture Prize on
Sunday, the first woman
to receive the profession's
highest honor. Pritzker.
jurors singled out her
continued on.page 20

Californiai
Radio Station
Apologizes For
Islamophobic
Skit
A Los Angeles, Calif.,
radio station today issued
an on-air apology for an
Islamophobic skit that
claimed -Muslims have
sex with animals, avoid
bathing and are obsessed
with killing Jews. The
apology by KFI AM 640
came one day after the
Southern California
office of the Council on
American-Islamic
Relations (CAIR-LA)
announced that it had
filed complaints about the
skit...
continued on page 20


Al Jazeera
The satellite station of the Arab Nation
spreads its wings
As the drums of war in
the Gulf grew louder, all
eyes were on the Arabic '
language television news
channel Al Jazeera. Iraq
was no Afghanistan,
continued on page 8
W.L..


L ----IL-- I L II II


Democracy in Mideast:
True or farce?


', .

.4rab countries are making advances, but some
aren't siire it's enough to matter.


BEIRUT. Lebanon-
Since the. United States
.insaded Iraq. some Arab.
leaders have been acting
out :of character, talking
about big changes in the
works and using all
the proper keywords:
democracy, transparency, -
choice, human rights.

Alabama Drive
Changed To.
CAIR applauds sta
S religious acc,
Alhamdulillah, (praise to
God)-CAIR applauded a
decision by the state of
Alabama to allow Islamic
head scarves, or hijab,

Ann Coulter
Says Muslims
'Smell Bad'
CAIR: Media
should reject
commentator's bigotry
A prominent national
Islamic civil rights and
advocacy group today
called on major media
outlets to end their associ-
ation with a controversial
conservative pundit who
recently suggested that
Mufslims "smell bad:"
continued on page 12'


In the year that, Baghdad
fell and Saddam Hussein
was captured. -Saudi
Arabia has announced it
will hold its first ever
election: Syria has freed
130 imprisoned critics of
the -regime: Egypt has
revoked legislation used
to jail journalists:
continued on page 9
r'rs Photo Rule-
Allow Hijab
te's move to grant
ommodation
in driver's license photo-
graphs.In January, CAIR
called for a review of a
new Alabama Dept. of
Public Safety (DPS)
continued on pare 12


.4-
In


r~j Cr 1
- -14
LL L..
Wr W
w. _J-Z

ci r. Z i
LD 1'z


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY
SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 42 Years of Service


UI


CAIR Condemns Killings
In Iraq, Pakistan
Islamic advocacy group calls attacks
'senseless and shameful'


Fire At Texas Mosque
'Intentionally Set'
Islamic civil rights group thanks ATF
for swift action


I II


MMM


1






I Page 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004 II


Wedding


Martino-
Adeeb


Fort George .
Island -
Kirsten Adeeb, Ponte
Vedra Beach, and Joshua
Martino, Atlanta, were
married at 5p.m. Saturday
at the Ribault Club. The
bride, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Joseph Adeeb III,
continued on page 6


Jacksonville
pharmacist, Ron Salem
appointed to
state board
see article on page 6

Obituaries
Abood
Funeral Mass for Mrs.
Ejonie M. Abood, 93, was
held in Assumption
Catholic Church, with
Father Fred Park, officiat-
ing. continued on page 6


Rhona Wells traveled
to Musandam, which
travelers have liked to
Norway in Scandinavia
because of its
majestic Fjords.
The Musandam Peninsula
forms the northernmost
part of Oman, jutting out
into the Strait of Hormuz
at the entrance to the
Gulf.At its nearest point it
is just 55km from Iran-
across the strait. While


I0


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Fritz Parman III, President


.

Salalah in the south of the
Sultanate is famed for its
lush greenery, this region
offers some of the most
spectacular scenery to
found anywhere in the
world. Its sheer moun-
tains sore straight out of
aquamarine Waters giving
rise to the fjord-like
appearance of the coast,
most superbly evident
from the air.
continued on page 11

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SPage 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004


Future Events are Real and True


The Seven Greatest
Signs of the End
Times (continued)


3rd sign The falling
away from biblical princi-
ples.
a. Doctrine is not impor-
tant.
b. It does not matter what
the Bible says.
c. The beginning of the
building of a one world
church like the World
Council of Churches ecu-
menicial movement. It is
already built.
d. The attack on the Word
of God by well meaning
men trying to make the
Bible easy to understand.
Lost people cannot under-
stand the Bible, so let's
re-write it so that they
can.
e. The rise of the
Charismatic movement
and its love of miracles.


Rev. Fred Massabni
They assume that they
must be of God. They are
growing.
4th sign Religion is
involved in politics.
a. Born again helps you
get elected, but we don't
live it.
b. The Iraqi war will
never stop until Jesus
returns. This is also true
for peace in Palestine and
Israel.
5th sign The plans for a
one wprld government.
continued on page 18


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(1 Block East of Regency Square)


In the West some form of
separation between reli-
gion and government is
the usual situation.
Separation of church and
state is the normal condi-
tion. Christians have
experienced many types
of relationships with pre-
vailing governments.
When the Roman Empire
first regarded the early
church as a branch of
Judaism, Christianity was
legally protected.
Eventually the profession
of Christianity became a
crime, and the degree of
persecution or tolerance
wavered according to the
whims of the reigning-
emperor and the local
ruler. Increased martyr-
dom brought on the
development of apologet-
ics and theological preci-
sion in addressing contro-
versy and fostered order


Il"
By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.


in the life of the church.
Sometimes Christians felt
. protected from state per-
secution, but periods of
fierce official persecution
were common.
When Diocletian in 303
stepped up the persecu-
tion of Christians, he per-
ceived the church as a
political threat, a state
within a state, developing
an establishment
continued on page 14


A Brief Retrospect on
Eastern Christianity


Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese
Friends & Customers

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, ,;d ^^ttni~at;fitn liabbittttaNHiolonsiidMi~exise s N~. ^.1 4


The English word prayer
is a translation of Arabic
words "Dua" as well as
"Salat". The word prayer
is, then, applicable on
"Dua", "Salat", individu-
ally or collectively.
"Dua'" is the prayer,
offered alone, in a small
or with a large group. At
the end, the word
"Ameen" is uttered, .sig-
nifying "O Allah,
Almighty, accept my/our
prayer", and then the
"Dua" is over. According
to Holy Prophet of Islam,
the supplicant is prohibit-
ed to look towards sky
over Heaven when Dua is
offered. (Bukhari-Riazus
Saleheen, Vol. 2, P.84.
No. 1754.) The word Dua-
prayer, is used for the
supplications that one has
to make in one's own lan-
guage to Allah the


Prayer (3)


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Almighty, Bestow thy
Grace on me and accept
my Dua-prayer." (Holy
Quran 14:41) Dua, then,
means prayer in general
and offered in one's own
language. Salat, on the
other hand, is obligatory
continued on page 13


at. rlr






Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004

JACKSONVILLE'S BEACHES


Foundation News


Foundation Officers


Message from the Federation
Foundation President
The purpose of this Foundation shall be to serve the
Southern Federation of Syrian Lebanese American Clubs,
in charitable, philanthropic and scholarship awards to
recipients, regardless of national origin or religious beliefs.
-- Art. II, By-Laws of the Southern Federation Foundation. Inc.


The first few months of
our Federation year has
brought a few issues and
decisions to the
Foundation which I wish
to share with you. The
American Lebanese
Association of Austin,
Texas has established and
provided initial funding
for a scholarship endow-
ment. This endowment
was approved and fund-
ing was invested in the
Foundations Investments
Account. The earnings of
this endowment will go to
fund a scholarship given
in the name of the Austin


Club. This format is a
great example for clubs as
well as individuals to
consider in the funding of
their scholarship dona-
tions. Your Foundation
has been given the oppor-
tunity to participate as a
Bingo Operator in the
facility of St. Georges
Maronite Church in San
Antonio, Texas. The
Board of Governors has
approved participation in
this endeavor. In order to
ensure proper reporting
and to guard the best
interest of the Foundation
continued on page 13


Dear Federation Family and Friends:
Thank you very much for electing me as
your Vice President. I'm excited and very


proud to serve this year. I
intend to devote my time
and efforts for the good of
the Federation and all our
members.
As Vice President my
"charge" and main focus
is membership. All of the
State Vice Presidents con-
stitute the Membership
Committee and I serve as
chair of that committee.
Together we share in the
responsibility to obtain
new members and keep
our present membership.
In order to be effective,
we must present pro-
grams, plans and activi-
ties which are appealing
and worthwhile. Our job
is to present a mission
with which current and
continued on page 13


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1







Page 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004


FLORIDA'S GOLD COAST / CENTRAL FLORIDA


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year


Scholarship Recipients


MEM5IORIAL SCIHOLARSHIPI

Sice Souosd Ooouo
Sana
Univcrsnlq of
North Carolina

Vroi~npfroj 00550a 5Cft64rJ3Oe o$0bo
Pbognieio Club
Donor. Dr. I.W. Joke' lorishib. Jr.

INTEIRAUDI BANK SCHOOLASHIP

a-d- Ytaeo
Universlly cJ Tulso


on of Badri and
BOeHt Bouatani
Solnoam Club of Tulsa
Donor: InterAud! Book
KALtIL GoIMN ScoLooSor
Is Muotvoxi In, AtE NMoKout.
AtaW X(ad-n
8inmnghont-
4oilhbm Calflgc

Dasgtlcr of Jack Brantley
aory x Ros blshop
Cedoro of bcbron-Jberxon
Donnr South, l sdrrod-n Boardt of Iirroto
JENIILE AND AIs.In Azoso SCHOLARSHIP'

51Iltmada
Eforibroo.loern Stle


Son of'Temri & ben'q nod a3usoda
gyrznirerie Club-fillon Panish
Donor. Adick Ph.. A.ur


Gwr FOR KNOWLEDGE AWAUD



University of
laouisvlll
Son of MShron & Chris Coury
lobaniselm0eriean Countrg
Donor: Southern Federation Membership

HAMRA-HoMRA FAMILY
SCHOIARSHIP


I pringtlill



Ubannesa lmerican Club
Donor: Hura-Homra Family Club
GIFT FOR KNOWLEDGE AWARD



Community


bon offrankig &Thomas Oavis,
Ctlbr'of i robanon
Donor. Southern Federation Meonhership
KID. EDDIm SCHOLARSHIP

ange&

looisiantl
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pinevillle
oaughteroffl nila &Bruee ehlers
ygramerie lub-ilexandria
Donor Mrs. Joy Eddie Cooper


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KHALIL. GUIRAN Simot.ARsHrP
IN MENIORY OF JOE STABLEDR


(ionzong


Son of Cr al snd Ilsznry flckelo
Knilght of Ibanonb
IoOD NIor 6eonbron Club
Ooor.: S.uWo Rdiodno 1o-rt of Di-.con
JososH E. ASHx.o, SR. .No JOSEPHINE
AsIKER MESOolL Sciuotnroonm'
gimii amt
aacfi&b
Spring flill COI1fg


9oogblnr of Linda & Joonph leidls
Koights of Lbanono,
Done.: Mr.d Mn roo A~hkon. ,ond
M.. Lorph 0,00kk. M, and NIn. 50,0
Con nand M, ond Stv,. JnArh1,r.
Gor FOR KNowLEDGE AmARD


ninoiosity of
Louisiona
Lafayette
FDaughblrofMnlonin&Fonold Sobor
Sykr-tl'io ClGb
Doc-: Alnobohibp of tIhe Sooth=o
Federaton
KHAIJL GsnrAi SCHOLARSHIIP
IN Msoornv onF ALiooNtsp ZonoN


23oslon
SChlltn

Son offideled&1Zobrrt l~esb
Oyribn-'nerican Ladies
Donor,: Sooutho nderatidon Board of
Directors

continued on page 10


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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April.2004

FLORIDA'S GULF COAST


Wedding
continued from page 2
Ponte Vedra Beach, grad-
uated from Vanderbilt
University and is
employed by Bono's Bar-
B-Q.
,The bridegroom, son of
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence
Martino, Atlanta, gradu-
ated from Vanderbilt
University and is
employed by Marquis
Sports Management.
Cahterine Colley was the
matron of honor, and
Lawrence Martino was
the best man.
Following a trip to Little
Dix Bay, Virgin Gorda,
British Virgin Islands, the
couple will live in
Jacksonville Beach.

Jacksonville
pharmacist
continued from page 2
Jacksonville pharmacist
Ron Salem has been
appointed to the Florida
Board of Pharmacy.
Salem has been a regis-
tered pharmacist in
Florida for 25 years and is
a recipient of the Florida
Society of Hospital
Pharmacists President's
award. He also has
authored more than 20
publications in the area of
Hospital pharmacy.


The Florida Board of
Pharmacy's members are
appointed by the gover-
nor and confirmed by the
state senate.

Obituaries
continued from page 2
Burial was in St. Joseph's
Catholic Church
Cemetery.
Born July 18, 1910 in
Aitaneet, Lebanon, Mrs.
Abood died March 16,
2004 in Jacksonville. She
was a member of Holy
Family Catholic Church.
Survivors include her
daughter, Mrs. JoAnn
(William) Najeem; her
son Norman J. Abood,
both of Jacksonville; her
sister, Mrs. Lorraine
Azrak of Boca Raton, FL;
her brother, Col. Edmond
P. Abood, U.S. Army-ret.
Of Virginia; three grand
children, Lawrence J.
(Gina) Najeem, Paula N.
(Joseph) Sleiman, and
Camille N. (Jack) Snober;
and eight great grand
children.
Mrs. Abood arrived in
America as a child pass-
ing through Ellis Island
with her siblings. She
lived in Brooklyn, NY
until she married her lov-
ing husband Toofy and
moved to Jacksonville.


They were married for 58
years. She and her
beloved T.N. operated
hotels and restaurants in
Jacksonville Beach for
many years. She was a
Charter member of the
Catholic Women's Club.
Her kind, gentle, loving,
manner radiated from her
to all who know her and
loved her. Her pride and
joy was her family, and
they will cherish and
treasure the years they
were blessed to have her
in their lives.
Her children, grand chil-
dren, and great grand
children gave her much
happiness. The flowers
she so loved represented
her own beauty, both
physical and spiritual.
She was a shining star in
our lives, and her legacy
of unselfish love will for-
ever be with us. A special
thank you to Dr. Louis
Akra for his kind, consid-
erate and compassionate
care.

CAIR Condemns
Killings
continued from page 1
In Iraq, three suicide
bombings killed at least
143 worshipers in
Baghdad and Karbala.
Some 44 people were also


killed in an attack on a
religious, procession in
southwestern Pakistan.
(A similar attack left one
person dead in
Afghanistan.) All those
targeted in Tuesday's
attacks were Shia
Muslims commemorating
Ashura, the 10th day after
the Islamic New Year and
the anniversary of the
martyrdom of the Prophet
Muhammad's grandson.
In its statement, CAIR
said: "We condemn these
senseless and shameful
attacks in the strongest
terms possible and call
for the swift apprehension
and punishment of the
perpetrators. Both acts of
terror were made particu-
larly repugnant because
those responsible targeted
worshipers during reli-
gious observances."
One obvious motive for
the killings was to create
the sectarian divisions
and promote intercom-
munal hatred. The only
proper response to these
despicable attacks is a
redoubled effort by all
Muslims to promote reli-
gious unity and political
stability in the Islamic
community worldwide."


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Treasure Trove
continued from page 1
The subsequent history of
the world can be said to
have flowered from this
beginning.
Here in Tunisia, one can
see and touch the mile-
stones of world history -
the Numedian and Punic
civilizations, the Roman
occupation, the Vandal
destruction, the
Byzantine elaboration,
the Arab conquest, the
Turkish lordship and the
French colonization. The
cycle has gone full circle
and the Tunisian of today
is custodian of one of the
world's richest national
heritages.
It is to protect this fragile
but unbroken chain that
an exciting new venture
was given the go-ahead
by President Zine El
Abidine Ben Ali. Some
$32m has been allocated
to develop the Carthage-,
Sidi Bou Said National
Park. The aim is to halt
the urban sprawl that is
threatening to encroach
on oneof the world's rich-
est archeological-seams.
The park will contain six
segments: the ancient city
of Carthage; La Marsa
nature park; Sidi Bou
Said village; the gardens
of Amilcar; the Yasmina
sports and leisure park
and the Carthage
coast.One of the first
projects will be a $3m
memorial to Hannibal,


one of the greatest gener-
als of all times, who took
40,000 men and 38 ele-
phants over'the Alps to
punish Rome.
Next in line is a $5m
reconstruction of the
ancient Punic port, seat of
one of the most extensive
commercial networks of
the old world.
Carthage, according to
Francisco Carillo, a
Unesco representative in
Tunisia, is an "unrivalled
marvel with many riches
still to be uncovered".
The park will provide the
structure and facilities
needed to recommence
archeological digs. This
is a spectacular conserva-
tion project. Several for-
eign countries have
joined the World Bank
and Unesco in participat-
ing in the project. When it
is completed, Tunisia will
be the only country in the
Mediterranean to have
made such a massive con-
servation undertaking so
close to a capital or major
city.
Tunisia's cultural treas-
ures- are not limited to
.Carthage and its neigh-
borhood. The whole
country is dripping with
cultural gems.
Custodian of
World History
Go to the Bardo museum
in Tunis and feast on the
sumptuous cultural ban-
quet spread out before
you. A new section,


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Mediterranean Treasures,
contains a wealth of rare
and precious ancient
Greek objects. Here you
will see dazzling mosaics,
including one of Ulysses
straining against the
songs of the sirens. There
is superb Roman sculp-
ture and mosaics, Arabic
calligraphy and coins and
thousands of other objects
collected and preserved
over the millennia.
In the fabled Medina of
Tunis you will find the
famous Ez-Zitouna
Mosque, relatively
unchanged since the
founding of Islam in
Tunis.
Take a trip to Kairouan,
the first Islamic centre
established in the 7th cen-
tury and marvel at the
Great Mosque of Okba
ibn Nafaa where it is
believed resides a hair
from the Holy Prophet's
beard.
Visit Sfax or walk around
the vast Roman
amphitheatre El Jem. Go
to Kerkouane and gaze at
the only example of a


Punic settlement that has
miraculously remained in
tact to this day.
Join the Jewish pilgrim-
age, Lag be Omer, on the
33rd day after Passover to
El Ghriba the first syna-
gogue in North Africa -
on the island of Djerba.
Do all this and you only
begin to scratch the sur-
face.
There are at least 26,000
historical and archeologi-
cal sites in Tunisia, with
670 monuments in the
medina of Tunis alone.
A new project, "City of
Culture in the heart of
Tunis is already being
talked about by experts as
possibly the greatest cul-
tural complex in the
Mediterranean. It will
include a Civilisation
Museum, an art museum
and galleries, three large
auditoriums, a cinema
and a media library.
In addition to the
Carthage National Park
and the City of Culture
projects, a number of cul-
tural circuits are being
continued on pagel5


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Al Jazeera
continued from page 1
where Al Jazeera had vir-
tually acted as the "news
agency of the world", as
one western based news-
paper put it back then, a
reference to the fact the
Qatar-based news net-
work was the sole
provider of news and
footage from Taliban-
controlled territories in
Afghanistan. As war
approached, news
reporters from all over the
globe gathered in
Baghdad. Would Al
Jazeera be able to hold its
own against some of the
longest established and
highly regarded news
agencies in the world?
As "privileged" as Al
Jazeera's position in
Afghanistan was (profes-
sionally speaking), it nev-
ertheless frequently
attracted criticism and
sometimes outright anger
in the West. This anger
translated into an almost
non-stop stream of unsub-
stantiated allegations,
innuendo and other forms




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of "character assassina-
tion", culminating in a
military attack that
destroyed the network's
Kabul office. Fortunately
on that occasion no one
was hurt. However, if the
purpose of the attack was
to divert Al Jazeera from
its "editorial policy", it
failed. The channel con-
tinued to pursue its origi-
nal goal of providing as
comprehensive a news
service as possible, by
providing a platform for
various views.
Small wonder then that
the world was full of
anticipation on the eve of
the third Gulf war. How
would the Arab language
news channel deal with
the imminent crisis with
all its regional and global
implications? How would
it cope with the inevitable
pressures? Would it be
derided, or would the
antagonists on both sides
of the divide Iraq on the
one hand, the United
States and the UK on the
other try to reach out to
Al Jazeera, to make use
of its ever increasing

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popularity within the
Arab world?
It was obvious from the
outset, and before a single
shot was fired in the war
on Iraq, that there was
another, different, conflict
going on. The theatre was
the airwaves, and the
prize was the hearts and
minds of the Arab people.
It was a tug-of-war where
the satellite media, espe-
cially the Arab contin-
gent, was to be the main
conduit. Hence it was no
surprise that the US
Administration was keen
to mend fences with Al
Jazeera broken during
and in the aftermath of
the war on Afghanistan.
In an article just before
the war broke out, The
New York Times carried a
story anticipating the rec-
onciliation and headlined,
"US Cozies Up To Al
Jazeera". Consequently,


during the war, the chan-
nel was to become the
most monitored and
sought after news organi-
zation in any language.
Indeed, six days into the
outbreak of the war in the
Gulf, the European sub-
scription base for Al
Jazeera doubled to eight
million. More interna-
tional media inquiries
were received from far
away places such as
Indonesia, China, New
Zealand, Chile and Brazil
to name just a few.
No sooner had the war
started however, than sen-
timents change, and Al
Jazeera became "anathe-
ma" to coalition leaders
and the Iraqi government
alike. Neither was happy
with the way Al Jazeera
chose to cover the con-
flict.
It swiftly became appar-
ent continued on page 16,


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SOUTH CAROLINA I NORTH CAROLINA


Queen Noor
continued from page I
The queen was in town
as the featured guest for a
gala held by the Society
of 1921, which raises
funds for the Spartanburg
Regional Healthcare
System. The Society was
honoring people who
donated $1,000.00 or
more last year. Queen
Noor, who was married to
the late King Hussein,
said she tries to clear up
misconceptions about
Arabs and Muslims
through her role as global
humanitarian.

Democracy
continued from page 1
Libya has promised to
give up weapons of mass
destruction programs.
Yet, despite the frenzy of,
activity, the winds of
change seem a mild
breeze at best an attempt
to do the minimum with-
out allowing any real
dilution of power. The
Saudi elections are only
municipal. Syria still


holds hundreds of politi-
cal prisoners. Libya's
human rights record is as
bad as ever, according to
monitoring groups.
"Something is extremely
wrong in. this Arab
world," said Mansour al-
Jamri, editor-in-chief of
the Bahraini Al-Wasat
newspaper, and a promi-
nent opposition figure.
"You cannot turn a don-
key into a horse." With a
massive U.S. military
presence in their midst,
and a Bush administration
determined to see real
change, Arab leaders are
facing their biggest col-
lective challenge ever:
They are squeezed from
both sides. On one side is
an increasingly sophisti-
cated population that is
more connected to the
world thanks to the satel-
lite and the Internet, and
more aware of democra-
cy's potential to empower
them. On the other is ris-
ing Islamic fervor, fueled
by poverty and despair of
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people anything to be
proud of. Given all that,
al-Jamri and others won-
der whether Arab regimes
can take the risk of
embracing real democra-
cy, knowing it may mean
their ouster by one side or
the other. "If there are
political reforms, then
power will slip from their
hands," said Hisham
Kassem, head of the
Egyptian Organization
for Human Rights. A
democratic process will
take time and patience, he
says, and the reforms so
far may seem superficial,
but they show that the
American message is
sinking in that "this
issue cannot be taken as a
joke." Theodore Kattouf,
the U.S. ambassador to
Syria until last August,
said that in the Arab
Islamic world today, elec-
tions with real political
parties are important, but
"People have to know
that the process is fair and
transparent, that their
votes count." Some Arab
regimes have had ,bitter


experience with elections,
especially where they
boosted Islamic funda-
mentalist parties. Algeria
held a multi party election
in 1992 but aborted it
when Islamic parties
looked like they would
win, and a decade of fero-
cious bloodshed ensued.
Jordan held a parliamen-
tary election in 1989 in
which Islamic legislators
made impressive gains,
only to lose popularity
when it became clear they
could not deliver on their
promise to improve living
conditions. King
Abdullah dissolved
Parliament in 2001 and
delayed elections, fearing
they would be inflamed
by Palestinian-Israeli
fighting next door. In
December, however, he
promised to transform
Jordan into a model
democracy and guarantee
some parliamentary seats
for women. As for the
Palestinians themselves,
their democracy experi-
ment born out of the 1993
continued on page 10


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Page 10 THIE SYRIA-LEBANESE ST "-AR" April 2004

VIRGINIA / WASHINGTON DC / MARYLAND


Democracy

continued from page 9
Oslo agreement has had
mixed results. They held
presidential and parlia-
mentary elections in 1996
in the West Bank and
Gaza Strip. However,
Yasser Arafat has largely
ignored the parliament,
often refusing to sign
major legislation. There
is no independent judici-
ary and criticism of
Arafat can lead to impris-
onment. The Arab world's
baby steps toward reform
actually began after the
Sept.11 attacks, when
some senior Arab figures
recognized the link
between the absence of


democracy and the rise of
religious fanaticism. It
picked up pace after
Baghdad fell to the
American-led coalition in
April and Bush's grand
design for the Middle
East became clearer.
Some experts say the real
test is what will happen in
Iraq. "The success of
democracy there will turn
into a driving force that
will force other Arab gov-
ernments to introduce real
reforms," said Dalal el-
Bizri, a Lebanese sociolo-
gist and columnist who
lives in Cairo. "But if
there's anarchy, then even
the cosmetic changes that
are taking place now will
stop."


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'Page 1l TiH SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAlR April 2004

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA


Norway of Arabia
continued from page 2
The entire landscape is a
living lesson in geology
and how the earth was
shaped by rock move-
ments. The geological
changes the Arabian
Peninsula has undergone
over the years are appar-
ent everywhere. It is
almost possible to visual-
ize the spectacular events
resulting in the separation
of tectonic plates between
Arabia and Eurasia. To
observe fossils embedded
in rock at a height of
some 3,000 metres above
sea level is nothing short
of amazing, all the more
fantastic when one real-
izes these fossils of long
dead sea creatures are
confirmation of how
these once submerged
rocks have folded, collid-
ed and emerged from the
waters as the perpendicu-
lar mountains that today
dominate the Strait of
Hormuz. Shell fragments,
fossils and brachiopods in
limestone clearly\ indicate
continental shelf


conditions. These lime-
stones were deposited
from the early Jurassic to
the Cretaceous period and
are reckoned to be more
than 65 million years old.
The rocks of the Hajar
super group in the north
appear to be flat-lying but
are actually folded in a
north-south incline.
The harshness of
Musandam's terrain is
contrasted with the occa-
sional flat ledges of land
that have been terraced
for small scale agricul-
ture. These small dots of
green are only clearly vis-
ible from the air, in stark
contrast with the sharp,
sheer, rocks that surround
them look like missing
pieces of an almost com-
plete jigsaw puzzle. Low
walls are built around the
cultivated areas to trap
surface water, again a tri-,
umph of human endeavor.
Driving into the moun-
tains our guide indicated
a tiny shack, with a corru-
gated iron roof perched
high up the mountain on
what appears to be a very
narrow ledge. This shack


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he explained, is the home
of the local hermit,
known as sulta n. The
man, an estimated 90
years old, lives on a small
ledge along with five or
six goats, which he herds
from one patch of scrub-
by mountain pasture to
another. Local people
leave food at the bottom
of the hill and the local
government provides him
with a tank of fresh water.
Sultan waves and we
exchange greetings
across the ravine. As we
climb back into the com-
fort of our air conditioned
jeep we marvel at this
man's survival in temper-
atures often exceeding 40
degrees Celsius during
the hours of daylight,
falling to as low as 15
degrees at night.
The main town of
Musandam, Khasab, is
protected from flash
floods by three large
dams. The Portuguese
built Khasab fort at the
beginning of the 17th
century at the height of
their naval presence in the
region. The natural har-
bor there, gave shelter
from rough seas. Unlike
many forts, which were
built on high ground for
defensive purposes,
Khasab fort was designed


as a supply point for dates
and water for Portuguese
ships sailing through the
strait. Thick .date-palm
groves lie to the west of
the inlet.
Khasab has an interesting
trading position, which
hinges on its proximity to
Iran. Iranians import
sheep and goats in small
fiber glass boats with
very powerful engines
into the local port, from
where the animals are dis-
patched to the UAE and
Saudi Arabia in trucks.
On their return trip to the
Islamic Republic, the
sailors load their boats up
with electronic goods and
American cigarettes.
They must arrive in
Khasab port after sunrise
and leave before sunset to
conform 'with Omani
immigration laws. We
watched as 50 or so boats
gathered outside the port
in the late afternoon, tak-
ing off together at high
speed at some unseen sig-
nal. Since the trading is
illegal under Iranian law,
they must avoid the
Islamic Republic's coast-
guard as well as all other
shipping in the busy
waters of the Strait. The
crossing is hazardous
since the vessels, piled
continued on page 21


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Page 12 Tfi SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR 'Alril 2004

ALABAMA


Driver's Photo
continued from page 1
policy banning all head
coverings in license pho-
tographs. CAIR sought
the review after receiving
reports from Muslim-
women in Alabama who
were- prevented from
obtaining or renewing
licenses because they
refused to take off their
religiously-mandated
scarves. (Hundreds of-
concerned Muslims from
across the nation contact-
ed the DPS and the gover-
nor in response to CAIR's
alert.) According to the
new policy: "The photo-
graph of each applicant
must be a 'full face'
photo.... Although varia-
tions in hairstyles and
head covering make it
difficult to rigorously
define the term 'face' in
general, the head of the
applicant shall be shown
from the top of the fore-
head to the bottom of the
chin and from hairline
side-to-side....Head cov-
erings and headgear are
only acceptable due to


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religious beliefs or med-
ical conditions...." "We
thank Governor Bob
Riley for recognizing the
need to accommodate the
religious beliefs and prac-
tices of his constituents,"
said CAIR
Communications
Director Ibrahim Hooper.
"We also thank all those
individuals and groups,
such as the Alabama
office of the ACLU and
Muslim leaders in
Birmingham and
Montgomery, who con-
tacted or met with state
officials to support reli-
gious freedom." Hooper
said Alabama is now in
conformity with the
majority of other states
that already allow reli-
gious and medical
exemptions to prohibi-
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photographs.

Ann Coulter
continued from page 1
The Washington-based
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said syndicated columnist
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made that Islamophobic
remark in a recent com-
mentary on Mel Gibson's
new film "The Passion of
the Christ."
Coulter wrote: "Being
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one of the incidental
tenets of Christianity (as
opposed to other religions
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said CAIR Com-
munications Coordinator
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credible media outlets
should not associate
themselves with or serve
to legitimize such overt
racism and
Islamophobia." Ahmed
called on newspapers that
publish Coulter's column
and on cable news chan-
nels that invite her as a
guest commentator to
reconsider promoting
someone who spreads vir-
ulent hatred and intoler-
ance.
Coulter has made a num-
ber of similarly anti-
Muslim comments since
9/11 terrorist attacks.
Immediately following
the attacks, she suggested
that "we should invade
their [Muslim] countries,
kill their leaders and con-
vert them to Christianity."
Coulter wrote in
Worldnetdaily.com:
"While Judaism and
Christianity begin with
the Creation, Islam
reverses a God who cre-
ates nothing."
V continued on page 5


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continued from page 4
Treasurer Nick Poris and
I shall soon travel to San
Antonio for a first hand
examination of the opera-
tion. Richard Karam will
assist us in this regard. If
all goes well this opportu-
nitywill provide the
Foundation with an ongo-
ing renewable source of
income. This will enable
us to increase our philan-
thropic endeavors.
All people individually
or collectively are judged
by their deeds. We are a
generous people and give
to a number of good caus-
es. I would ask that we
each strongly consider
placing the Foundation on
our annual list of good
causes. Because of its
philanthropic nature, the
Federation Foundation
provides the best


exposure for we of Syrian
Lebanese Ancestry. As I
said before it is the Flag
Bearer and last Fortress
for the preservation of our
Heritage. Our fundamen-
tal precepts are, belief in
God, sense of Family,
love of heritage and will-
ingness to serve mankind.
It is important that we
stand tall for what we
have contributed to the
fiber ofAmerican culture.
However, we cannot sit
on our good works of the
past, rather we must con-
tinue to increase our phil-
anthropic efforts. We
must better market and
provide positive exposure
for all that we do. It is
only through our good
deeds that we shall be
properly judged and by
which we can show what
we really are about. This


Foundation News


is a fundamental goal of
our Foundation.
Again know that I and
your Foundation are
always open to your com-
ments, suggestions and
questions.
Dr. Jake Jorishie
jorishie@cox.net

Foundation
Officers
continued from page 4
prospective members can
identify at both the club
level and at the
Federation level. What a
challenge! I think our first
step in this challenge is to
connect and re-connect
the everyday operation of
our clubs to the life and
existence of the
Federation.
With the above in mind
I've asked each State Vice
President to contact the
Clubs in their respective


States to start the process
of improving communi-
cation and connection of
all our Clubs to the
Federation. I firmly
believe that if we can
encourage a modest effort
by each Club we can pro-
duce the desired effect.
I look forward to an
exciting and rewarding
year. Please let me know
how I can help you and
your club create stronger
bonds with our beloved
Federation.
Sincerely,
George Korkmas
Vice President
gfk97@worldnet.att.net
Prayer
continued from page 3
prayer, offered in specific
Arabic words. Salat is the
prayer which is offered in
a prescribed manner, at
least five times a day,
with prescribed postures,
continued on pagel4


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Page 14 Tur SS RI \N-Lrni\rN[S r SI\R April 2004

DALLAS, TX / HOUSTON, TX


Fire at Mosque
continued from page 1
The fire at Masjid Al-
Muhaiman in Houston,
Texas, broke out Monday
night and caused an esti-
mated $50,000 damage.
Mosque officials tell
CAIR that neighbors
reported the blaze and
helped prevent it from
spreading to the entire
structure before firefight-
ers arrived. No one was
inside the mosque at the
time of the fire and no
injuries were reported.
Agents of the Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco,
Firearms and Explosives
(ATF) are investigating
the incident. SEE:
"Federal Officials
Investigate Prayer-House
Fire,"
http://www.click2hous-
ton.com/news/2869318/d
etails.html-
"We appreciate the quick
response of local and
national law enforcement
agencies and call on peo-
ple of all faiths to help
repair the damage to this
house of worship," said
lesa Galloway, executive
director of CAIR's
Houston office. He said
donations may be sent to:
Masjid Al-Muhaiman,
3103 Cleburne Street;


Houston, Texas 77004-
(Make checks payable to:
Masjid Al-Muhaiman.
Galloway is also meeting
with local officials to
seek stepped-up police
patrols in the area of
Houston's mosques.
Similar incidents have
occurred at American
mosques in the recent
past. In August of last
year, investigators deter-
mined that a blaze at the
Islamic Center of
Savannah in Savannah,
Ga., was an act of arson.
As early as 1994, a nearly
completed mosque in
Yuba City, Calif., burned
to the ground in what was
ruled an arson attack. In
1995, arson destroyed a
Springfield, Ill., Islamic
center. In 1996, a suspect
was charged for involve-
ment in an arson attack on
a Greenville, S.C.,
mosque. In 1999, an
arson attack severely
damaged :a Minneapolis,
Minn., mosque.

A Brief Retrospect
continued from page 3
paralling his government.
He ordered churches
destroyed, clergy impris-
oned, sacred books con-
fiscated, and' rampant
martyrdom of believers.
Only in April 311 was an


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Edict of Toleration of
Christians issued, and in
313 the Emperor
Constantine promulgated
the Edict of Milan, which
granted freedom of con-
science. When
Constantine transferred
his capital from Rome to
Byzantium the spread of
Christianity coincided
with the spread of the
Roman Empire.
Desiring Christianity to
be as united as the law
and citizenship of the
empire, Constantine con-
voked church councils to
settle theological ques-
tions and disputes under
imperial supervision. In
May 325 the first council
met in Nicea. Thebishops
attended at government
expense. Constantine
himself participated and
took positions, advocat-
ing a universal creed.
Following that first coun-
cil the debates continued
in matters of Christology,
and imperial interference
played a part. Any depar-
ture from official
Christian orthodoxy was
regarded as a state crime.
.Subsequent councils
were called by imperial
rulers with the expecta-
tion that a united religion
would mean a united
empire. But this back-


fired, and the opposite
occurred. Schisms prolif-
erated. By the close of the
6th century there was
confusion and serious dis-
affection from orthodox
Christianity, and conse-
quently from the
Constantinople govern-
ment. In those parts of the
empire where the church-
es did not accept the
Council of Chalcedon
(451), -Christians were
heavily taxed for dis-
agreeing with the doc-
trines supported by the
emperor. Some parts of
the empire suffered abuse
and persecution from
Byzantine Christians. The
invasion of the Persians
into parts .of Byzantium
only aggravated the situa-
tion.
Prayer
continued from page 13
in prescribed manner.
Generally, the words of
the Salat are uttered in
Arabic,,for the oneness of.
mankind. However, one
can add his own words,
after uttering the pre-
scribed Arabic .words, in
different postures, espe-
cially in prostration -
'Sajada' for personal don-
tentment.
The Salat that is the
Continued on page 15


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' Page 15 -- T SYRtIAN-LBANESE STAR- -April 2004

SAN ANTONIO, TX


Treasure Trove
continued from page 7
developed throughout the
country. By 2005, an
extra 20 circuits are
expected to be completed.
These will range from
archeological circuits,
themed tours such as
mosques or fortresses and
visits to bygone civiliza-
tions. Cultural tourism
should increase visitors
numbers by 20% to 30%,
tourism officials say.
While the extra revenue
will be welcome, the ain
is not just to chase the
tourist buck. The goal is
to protect and preserve
Tunisia's cultural her-
itage. "We will move very
slowly to ensure that we
don't destroy our heritage
and environment" says an
official.
Culture's
Prime Position
Despite all of its econom-
ic and social successes,
Tunisia has never taken
its eye off the vital impor-
tance of culture in the
grand scheme of things. It
provides an unbroken link
to the country's history
and therefore roots the
national identity.
Tunisia currently spends
a full one percent of GDP
on culture.


SThe annual budget for
culture is expected to
grow from $45m in 1999
to $140m in 2004.
Budgetary allocation is as
follows: Cultural exhibi-
tions (24%); museums
and institutions (20%);
cinema (14%); literature
(14%); theatre (9%) and
poetry (4%)..
The country's cultural
wealth does not just
reside in monuments but
in the people themselves.
This is why half the cul-
ture budget will, go
towards developing and
enhancing human cultural
achievements.
Tunisian cinema already
enjoys a well deserved
international reputation
for quality. Film-makers
such as Moufida Tlatli
and Farid Boughedir have
won a clutch of awards
from prestigious interna-
tional juries.
The country has a distin-
guished tradition in litera-
ture and poetry and
Tunisian theatre is begin-
ning to .create waves on
the international stage.
The colours, the forms
and the quality of light in
Tunisia have inspired
both local and interna-
tional artists such as Paul
Klee and Auguste Macke.


Additional art galleries
will expose the works of
such Tunisian masters as,
Aldelaziz Gorgi, Rafik El
Kamel, Adel Megdichi
and Rachid Koreichi, an
Algerian who lives in
Tunisia, to a much wider
audience.
There are some 50 festi-
vals between June and
September each year in
addition to the biannual
Carthage Film Festival.
With the annual Jazz fes-
tival in Tarbarka attract-
ing greater world wide
attention, Tunisia can
now claim to be the cul-
ture capital of Africa.
With so much culture
oozing from its pores; it is
hardly surprising that cul-
ture tourism is high on the
agenda. Currently some
five million tourists visit
the country but only 10%
take the trouble to leave.
the sun and sand and visit
cultural sites.
The potential is therefore
enormous when you con-
sider that millions of
tourist visit countries like
Britain, or cities like
SFlorence, Venice and
Rome purely to soak up
culture.
The Ministry of Tourism,'
in conjunction with the
Ministries of Culture and


Environment are working
on plans to diversify
tourism and bring
Tunisia's cultural treas-
ures to the attention of the
world.

Ann Coulter
continued from page 12
When asked whether she
would recommend
"Muslim-free air travel,"
Coulter said: "This is my
idea....I think airlines
ought to start advertising:
"We have the most civil
rights lawsuits brought
against us by Arabs."
When asked how
Muslims would travel,
she responded: "They
could use flying carpets."
(Guardian, 5/17/03)
Coulter also referred to
Middle Easterners as
"camel riding nomads"
and said Egyptians have
an "aversion to bathing."

Prayer

continued frompage 14
prescribed obligatory
prayer can be offered
alone, at least five times'a
day, at. particular time.
But the Holy Prophet of
Islam has encouraged the
Believers to offer the
Salat in congregation.
continued on page 8


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Al Jazeera
continued from page 8
that combatants were
demanding that objectivi-
ty and balance, corner-
stones of an efficient free
press, be sacrificed at the
alter of strategic policies
and tactical military expe-
diencies.
Coalition command, both
political and military,
were criticizing Al
Jazeera for its editorial
decision to make public
certain information and
visuals.that were deemed
"anti", although credible
and verified. Certain sec-
tors of the international
media, western as well as
Arab, took that particular
stance and were less than
complimentary about Al
Jazeera. On the other
hand, the Iraqi authorities
were tending to use intim-
idation and physical
threats against Al
Jazeera's 'reporters and
employees. The Iraqi
Minister of Information,
Mr. Mohammed Said al
Sahhaf was so incensed
with the Arab network's


network's coverage that
he dished out a heavy
dose of criticism during
one of his live press con-
ferences before the eyes
and ears of the world.
The particular press con-
ference that caught the
international press corps
in Baghdad by surprise
was preceded by an Iraqi
Decree stipulating that
two of Al Jazeera's
reporters, Tayseer Allouni
and Diyar Al Omari, must
stop any professional
activity in the country. Al
Jazeera responded to this
by suspending all its
media delegation's activi-
ties in Iraq. Iraqi authori-
ties backed down, and it
was business as usual for
Al Jazeera in Baghdad
and other areas of Iraq:
until 8 April, when two
air-to-surface missiles hit
AL Jazeera's bureau in
Baghdad, claiming the
life of Tareq Ayyoub, one
of its best loved and most
respected reporters. He
left behind a one-year-old
daughter, Fatima, and a
distraught widow, Dima


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Tahboub. To this day, no
official statement has
been forthcoming from
the US Pentagon authori-
ties concerning that
attack. No one is aware if
the Pentagon has even
called for an enquiry into
the tragic incident.
This has not diverted Al
Jazeera however from
pursuing its professional
duty, and adhering to the
core journalistic values
that have become its hall-
mark.
Six months after the
main military conflict
stopped, Al Jazeera
remains the major medis
recipient of harsh treat-
ment in Iraq. To date no
less than nine Al Jazeera
members of staff have
been apprehended and
eight investigations pur-
sued, only to be closed
without the filing of any
charges whatsoever. No
other member of the
international media com-
munity covering Iraq has
reported receiving similar
treatment.
Nevertheless, Al Jazeera


has made clear its inten-
tion to doggedly defend
its professional integrity
and its right to remain
independent. At the end
of the day, independence
has been Al Jazeera's rai-
son d'etre since its incep-
tion back in 1996, and
remains so today.
"The Voice of the Arab
World", is one depiction
of Al Jazeera. Another is
"the window into the
Arab world". Such is the
satellite channel's reputa-
tion worldwide it became
the most sought after
medium by western offi-
cials seeking to commu-
nicate with Arab public
opinion-at a grass roots
level.
American Secretary of
Defense Donald
Rumsfeld and Secretary
of State Colin Powell are
top of the long list of
"exclusive" interviews
granted to Al Jazeera.
British Premier Tony
Blair also is a member of
this exclusive club. All
this in a mere seven years
S continued on pagel8


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Charity Begins at Home

As Egyptian diplomacy was making steady
progress into recovering its traditionally leading
role in the region, there was good and bad news
for President Hosni Mubaraks government on
the domestic front.
By Adel Darwish


The New Year started with
the government announc-
ingwhat has been going on
behind closed doors with
the rapprochement with
Iran. The latter, in
exchange for restoring
diplomatic relations with
Egypt severed after
Ayatollah Khomeini took
over the running of the
country as Egypt gave
sanctuary to the late Shah -
decided to rename the road
that immortalised the ter-
rorist Khalid El Islamboli,
found guilty of murdering
President Anwar Sadat. It
also gave an undertaking to
refrain from its propaganda
campaign and support of
radical Islamic groups, and
most importantlyas.far as
Cairo is concerned, to drop
its opposition to the 25
year old Egyptian Israeli
peace pact. Cairo made no
concessions.
America continues to use
Egypt's good offices to
attempt to pressure Iran on
the issue of weapons of
mass destruction, the con-
tinuing war on terrorism


and seeking to help to paci-
fy the Shi'a in southern
Iraq.
However, most of Egypt's
diplomatic foreign policy
efforts over the past three
years have concentrated on
mediation between the
Israelis and the
Palestinians especially
securing a ceasefire among
the radical groups in order
to hopefully, help guide the
Road Map, back on course.
However, a chain of events
has led to certain voices
within President Hosni
Mubarak's own camp
questioning Egypt's diplo-
matic role among Arab
,nations and the
Palestinians.
Some setbacks on that
front came to the aid of
Egyptian nationalists. The
Syrian policy of obstruct-
ing Egyptian diplomacy
paid dividends when the
Baathists' 'old guard' in
Damascus, successfully
pressured Palestinian radi-
cal groups residing there,
,to frustrate Egypt's
attempts to secure a cease-


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fire between them and the
Israelis as part of a com-
mitment to the Road Map..
This was shortly followed
by the humiliation of
Egypt's Foreign Security
Ahmad Maher during his
visit to the Al Aqsa
Mosque in Jerusalem, at
the hands of angry
Palestinians who beat him
unconscious. The Egyptian
official's life was spared
by the intervention of his
Israeli bodyguards who
were forced to enter the
mosque to rescue their
Egyptian guest. Later, he
was visited in hospital by
Prime Minister Ariel
Sharon.
The Palestinians were said
to have been angered by
Mr. Maher holding talks
with the Israelis at a time
when Arabic satellite tele-
vision channels and noisy
Arab nationalist colum-
nists wanted Egypt to tear
up the peace accords and
send in an army to help
defend them, rather than
sending the Foreign
Secretary to mediate for
peace.
It was a wake-up call for
Egypt and one swiftly
exploited by the fast grow-
ing Egyptian nationalists
seeking to recover and
restore Egyptian Identity.
The nationalists acuse the
late Col.-Gamal Nasser of
stealing Egyptian national


identity in order to help
'Arabise' Egypt, as part of
his pan-Arab plans. But
even commentators within
Mubarak's own camp were
quick to condemn
Egyptian foreign policy as
well as roundly condemn-
ing the Palestininians for
whom, until recently, sup-
port was unswerving.
Ibrahim Sedah an ally of
President Mubarak and a
member of his ruling
National Democratic Party
and the editor Akhbar El
Youm, the world's largest
Arabic language circula-
tion paper, urged the
Egyptian Parliament to re-
define Egyptian foreign
policy and focus 'on
Egyptian interests' not on
foreign interests.
"How many times has the
Egytian army fought for
Palestine?" asked a leading
writer in Akhbar El Youm.
"Do the Palestinians
deserve the Egyptian blood
spilt for them so many
times? They gave us the
answer with their barbaric
attack on our foreign min-
ister."
A columnist in Al Ahram
contradicted the
Palestinian Authority
claim that it was 'a mob'
made up of a 'minority'
that was responsible for the
attack on Mr. Maher. The
actions of the attackers.-
continued on page22


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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004

ARIZONA / NEVADA


Al Jazeera
continued from pagel6
a relatively short time in
the life of any news
organization.
Al Jazeera satellite chan-
nel first went on air back
in November 1996,
broadcasting for six hours
a day. Just over two years
later, it started its round-
the-clock transmission. In
less than five years, Al
Jazeera had become a
global brand, recognized
the world over.
The influence of the first
Arabic language news
and information channel
extends well beyond the
Arabic speaking commu-
nities in the Middle East,
its natural environment.
The channel has also
become a credible source
of news.
Established broadcasters
such as BBC, CNN,
NBC, and Sky News have


used its footage and a
selection of its pro-
grammes. Similarly, Al
Jazeera reports and pic-
tures have been quoted
and published by myriad
international news organ-
izations and publications
in the West.
This global interest in Al
Jazeera added some
urgency to the channel's
plans to set up an English
language service.
Al Jazeera Net, the elec-
tronic news provider, re-
launched its English serv-
ice earlier this year. Its
first attempt at launching
the service was thwarted
by "hackers" operating
from the United States, as
an investigation conduct-
ed by American authori-
ties has since revealed.
Additionally, further
plans to launch a docu-
mentary and a sports
channel (in Arabic) and a


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Prayer
continued from page 15
For it fosters the spirit of
brotherhood and also
inculcates the idea of
equality of mankind by
standing 'shoulder to
shoulder' with one anoth-
er.
Salat-obligatory prayer is
led by an 'Imam' reli-
gious leader, chosen for
particular place of wor-
ship-Masjid, or selected
for a particular congre-
tional Salat. The women
offer the Salat behind the
same Imam, a little away
from the men, a partition
or a curtain drawn in
between them.
The Holy Prophet of
Islam, Hazrat
Muhammed, peace be on
him, has encouraged the
Salat to be offered in con-
gregation. According to a


well known tradition,
Holy Prophet is reported
to have said, "A person
who is regular in his or
her Salat in congregation
has a reward twenty
seven times more than the
Salat offered privately."
(Bukhari)
Salat that is five times
prescribed prayer is not a
penalty for the Believers.
Salat is a voluntary act to
purify himself or herself
to overcome daily care-
lessness, negligence, and
coarseness of life. Salat -
obligatory Muslim prayer
helps a Believer to get rid
of sins. Salat purifies a
Believer and brings closer
to Allah, the Almighty,
the Creator, to whom
everyone has to return.
Future Events
continued from page 3
a. Lose your national
pride.
b. Destroy the faith in
leadership.
c. The supposed short-
ages. The rich are getting
richer and the poor poor-
er. continued on page 19


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004

COLORADA


Future Events
continued from page 18
d. The use of the comput-
er giving man more idle
time (sin of Sodom).
e. The whole world is in
such a mess that they will
never accept anyone who
has some answers.
f. The view that says let's
turn to man to solve out
problems, we don't need
God. People are rejecting
the 10 Commandments of
God. Psalm 2:1-5, 10-12
'Why do the heathen
rage, and the people
imagine a vain thing? The
Kings of the earth set
themselves, and the rulers
take counsel together,
against the Lord, and
against his anointed, say-
ing, Let us break their
bands asunder, and cast
away their cords.from us.
He that sitteth in the
heavens shall laugh: The
Lord shall have them in
derision. Then shall he
speak unto them in his
wrath, and vex them in
his sore displeasure. Be
wise now therefore, O ye
kings: be instructed, ye
judges of the earth. Serve
the Lord with fear, and
rejoice with trembling.
Kiss the Son, lest he be
angry, and ye perish from


the way, when his wrath
is kindled but a little.
Blessed are all they that
put their trust in him.
6th sign The explosion
of knowledge. Daniel
12:4 "But thou, O Daniel,
shut up the words, and
seal the book, even to the
time of the end: many
shall run to and fro, and
knowledge shall be
increased."
a. Cash registers at stores
and everywhere else (the
future dealing with your
money).
b. Radio, TV, satellites in
space in order to be able
to see world events. Two
witnesses in the time of
the Great Tribulation-
Rev. 11:3-5 "And I will
give power unto my two
witnesses, and they shall
prophesy a thousand two
hundred and threescore
days clothed in sack
cloth. These are the two
olive trees, and the two
candlesticks standing
before the God of the
earth. And if any man will
hurt them, he must in this
manner be killed."
c. TV sets can watch you,
just like you watch them,
whether or not they are
on.
d. The things that men
only dreamed of are now


reality.
7th sign The rapture of
the church, "the Bride",
to Heaven.
Jesus is God the Father,
creator of the universe.
John 14:8-9 "Philip saith
unto him, Lord, shew us
the Father, and it sufficeth
us. Jesus saith unto him,
Have I been so long time
with you, and yet hast
thou not known me,
Philip? he that hath seen
me hath seen the Father;
and how sayest thou then,
Shew us the Father?" He
said in John 8:24 "I said
therefore unto you, that
ye shall die in your sins:
for if ye believe not that I
am he, ye shall die in your
sins."
If you want to go to.
Heaven and escape this
great tribulation and hell,
pray this prayer and mean
it. Lord Jesus I believe
that you are the only Son
of God and paid. for all
my sins on the cross.
Forgive me. Iam a sinner.
Enter my heart landfill me
with the Spirit of God.
Save me from hell. Thank
you, Lord Jesus, for sav-
ing my soul.
The Lord's servant
Fred Massabni


Tunisia-
Africa's Soccer
Champions

Tunisia became the
African soccer champi-
ons in February when the
home team beat a strong
Moroccan side 2-1 in the
finals of the Nokia
African Nations Cup
tournament at the Rades
Stadium, Tunis.
This was Tunisia's first
ever victory in the 47 year
history of the tournamen-
talthough Tunisia has
reached the final twice -
losing to South Africa in
1996 and to Ghana in
1965. Tunisia has hosted
this prestigious tourna-
ment three times, in 1965,
1994 and 2004..
The bi-annual African
Nations Cup is now one
of the premier interna-
tional tournaments on the
soccer calendar. African
footballers have become
the most sought after for-
eign players in the mas-
sive European leagues.
Earlier, the entire country
of Tunisia went wild with
jubilation when the home
side beat the pre-tourna-
ment favorites, Nigeria,
5-3 on and penalties
continued on page 20


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Iraqi Architect
continued from page 1
Pritzkerjurors singled out
her designs for an
Austrian ski jump, a
German fire station and
an Ohio art museum..
Hadid "is probably one of
the youngest laureates
and has one of the clear-
est architectural trajecto-
ries we've seen in many
years. Each project
unfolds with new excite-
ment and innovation,"
said California architect
and juror Frank Gehry, a
1989 Pritzker winner.
Hadid, 53, now a British
citizen, exploded on the
world architecture scene
two decades ago when
she won a competition to
design a cliff top resort
above Hong Kong. The
project was never built,
but it thrust her into the
public eye.

Calif. Radio Station
continued from page 1
with both the Federal
Communications
Commission (FCC) and


Clear Channel Com-
munications, the station's
parent company.
In the March 10 Bill
Handel show on KFI, a
pretend "Muslim"
allegedly reading from
the new Iraqi constitution
refers to "hairy Iraqi
women," "lovely
Japanese schoolgirls," the
"infidel custom of
bathing on a regular
basis," and "civil unions"
between Iraqis and "lov-
ing camels and goats."
Throughout the skit, the
mock-Muslim repeatedly
stated "Allah be praised,"
"death to the Jews' and
"kill all Jews." Listeners
also heard recordings of
Islamic prayers in Arabic.
(To listen to the offensive
skit, go to: http://www..
kfi640.com/media/iraq-
cont.mp3 or http://cair-
net.org/audi o/
iraqcont.ram)
Today's on-air apology by
KFI Program Director
Robin Bertolucci stated:
"Last Wednesday, we
aired a satirical skit that
was offensive to some


members of the Muslim
community, for that we
are sorry. KFI is commit-
ted to all of its Southern
California listeners,
including those in the
Muslim community."
An initial CAIR-LA
request for an apology
was denied, but the sta-
tion apparently relented
after receiving hundreds
of calls, faxes and e-mails
from concerned Muslims
and people of other faiths
who responded to a CAIR
action alert.
"We thank all those who
contacted KFI to express
their concerns about the
skit's outrageous and
inflammatory content,"
said CAIR-LA
Communications
Director Sabiha Khan.
"This incident proves
once again that positive
action on the part of indi-
viduals and organizations
can ,bring positive
results." Khan said
CAIR-LA will continue
to monitor KFI program-
ming for anti-Muslim
material and will inform


the station's sponsors
about any future
Islamophobic incidents.
Soccer Champions
continued from page 19
setting up an all North
African final.
The final, which was
played at pulsating pace,
was easily the best match
of this year's tournament.
Tunisia went into the lead
with a goal from their
Brazilian national, Dos
Santos. Morocco
equalised through
Mokhtari Yousseff. The
winnign goal, a.deft flick
by Ziad Jaziri, has made
the young forward a
national hero.
The tournament in Tunis
has also been declared as
one of the best ever in
terms of organisation,
facilities and internation-
al coverage. This will
stand Tunisia in very
good stead as it makes a
bid to host the 2010
World Cup against other
Avrican venues South
Africa, Morocco and
Libya.


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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Norway of Arabia
continued from page 11
high either with livestock
or with numerous boxes
must avoid the path of the
scores of oil-tankers
which pass through the
Strait in a transverse
direction daily.
Access to the area by
land was virtually impos-
sible until recently when
a modern coast road was
built which allows fast
access from the UAE,
making Khasab a poten-
tial weekend destination
for people living in the
Emirates. The new road
also allows access to the
village of Tawi, where
prehistoric drawings of
boats, animals and war-
riors can be seen in the
rock face.
The fjords are inhabited


by people living in the
hamlets Nadifi,. Qanaha,
Seebi and Sham at the
end of the water creeks.
With only water in front
of them and a sheer rock
face to the rear, the 100 or
so inhabitants in each vil-
lage, live off the rich local
fishing. Large species,
such as king fish and tuna
abound in these beautiful
waters, where boats are
an essential part of life. In
these small fishing vil-
lages life, once Spartan
has been considerably
improved by the installa-
tion of electricity power
lines and enormous fresh
water tanks which are
kept filled by local gov-
ernment service officials.
The children of these vil-
lages sail to school in
Khasab, boarding over-


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night from Saturday to
Wednesday when a boat
returns them home for the
weekend. Despite
attempts to relocate the-
ses populations to
Khasab, the fishing com-
munities have made clear
their desire to stay put
and retain their independ-
ence.
Off the coast of
Musandam there is a
rocky outcrop known as
Telegraph Island. The
British arrived there in
the mid 19th century,
staying for ten years
while laying a telegraph
cable from India to Basra
in Iraq. Taking the cable
"round the bend" of the
Gulf is thought to have
given rise to the colloqui-
al expression, since living
on Telegraph Island in the


summer heat must have
driven many men crazy.
These days, the island is
noted for the rich under-
water life it attracts.
Dhows stop off to enable
tourists to climb onto the
rock and snorkel in the
magnificent clear waters
that surround it, among
parrot and butterfly fish,
displaying an array of
shimmering' colors. The
waters are a wildlife para-
dise: flying fish skim the
waves, cormorants dive,
returning triumphantly to
Telegraph Island with
large fish. Dolphins play
in the turquoise depths,
swimming under and
along side the dhow, as if
enjoying a game with us
on our return to Khasab
harbour.
continued on page22


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Norway of Arabia
continued from page 21
As the sun begins to set,
the Iranians begin their
dangerous journey home
and I return to the com-
fort of the hotel to prepare
for the flight back to
Muscat in the morning.

U.S. Arabs at ballot
continued from page 1
"We're waking up," said
Wareh, 20, a film and
zoology student at
California State Univ,
Fullerton. "We know
we've got to become more
involved in the society we
live in." Some of her
community's concerns
mirror everybody's- the
cost of housing, educa-
tion, healthcare. But in
the wake of Sept. 11,
2001, American Muslims
say their faith has been
maligned, their loyalty
unfairly questioned.
Islamophobia, they
believe, is on the rise.
Muslims take responsibil-
ity for some of that. They
are coming to realize,
Wareh said, that the only


way to be recognized as
full-status Americans is
full participation in civic
life. And that means more
than just voting.
American Arabs and
Muslims always vote in
large numbers. An esti-
mated 79 percent are reg-
istered and 85 percent of
those say they vote,
according to a 2001 poll
taken on behalf of
Georgetown University in
Washington, D.C.
Political activists believe
the power of their com-
munity's, block vote
helped put George Bush
in the White House four
years.ago. Bush won their
votes overwhelmingly in
Florida, where he claimed
the presidency with less
than a 600-vote margin.
The community cast
those ballots on the
advice of trusted voices
such as the Council on
American Islamic
Relations and the Muslim
Public Affairs Council.
Word spread to voters
over the Internet, at
Islamic centers centers
and through popular


ethnic newspapers such
as Al Watan and Arab
World in Anaheim, Calif.,
and An-Nahar in Whittier,
Calif. "It was what he
said, particular opposing
the use of secret evi-
dence, plus, frankly, Gore
ignored us," said Omar
Zaki, who oversees poli-
tics for CAIR in
Anaheim. This time, their
votes won't be won as
easily, rank-and-file
Muslim voters say. They
are grasping for a better
understanding of issues
and candidates and a
stronger say in who they
will support. Last month,
about 300 Arab and
Muslim voters, including
Wareh and Nuru Nuru, a
Garden Grove, Calif., cab
driver, packed a political
forum in .Buena Park,
Calif., where they
cheered any candidate
who took a strong stand
on civil rights or spoke in
favor of a just solution for
Palestine. "As an
American and as a
Muslim we have to worry
about what is going on,"
said Nuru, 45, who


brought his son, Nader,
15, to the forum.
"America is a free coun-
try, but our freedom is
taken by Sept. 11 and we
have to protest for all
Americans." Bush's pop-
ularity with everyday
Arab-Americans has
plummeted from a high of
around 83 percent in Oct.
2001 to 38 percent,
according to a January
poll by Zogby
International. The trend is
the same among Muslim-
Americans. Still, the pres-
ident has a loyal follow-
ing among wealthy Arab-
Americans and some for-
eign born Muslims.
Some, particularly those
who support the war in
Iraq, have joined the
ranks of the "Pioneers"
and "Rangers," Bush loy-
alists who have raised
$100,000 or more for his
reelection campaign
Charity
continued from page 17
Al Ahram said, reflected
"the views and sentiments
of the majority of
continued on page 23


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR April 2004

CALIFORNIA


Charity
continued from page 22
Palestinians and of Arabs
who do not want peace or
progress, but would prefer
to live on slogans and
remain in a permanent state
of anarchy, violence and
confusion."
Similar sentiments were
expressed by columnists in.
both state controlled and
opposition papers. .The
exception were a handful
of limited circulation Arab
nationalists publications
backed and financed by
radical Arabs from the
Gulf, Syria, Col. Gadaffi,
and Palestinians, who
accused Israel of plotting
the attack.
But months before the.
Palestinians attacked Mr.
Maher in Jerusalem, sup-
port for the Intifada the
three year old Palestinian
violent resistance activated
by Ariel Sharon's visit to
-Temple Mount where Al
Aqsa is located in 2000 -
was already melting away
in Egypt..: :
Three. months earlier the
usual" suspects, IIrii!ldinI
islamists, Arab nationalist,
Marxists and those who
supported Saddam Hussein


as an Arab hero called for
'mass demonstration and
sit in' in Cairo during late
September 2003 to support
the third anniversary of the
Palestinian Intifada. Their
protest was totally eclipsed
by economic issues and
domestic problems.
A handful of protesters -
massively outnumbered by
police gathered around
the entrance of Cairo's
National Union of
Journalists offices, carry-
ing half a dozen banners
and shouting anti-
American and anti-Israeli
slogans. Ten minutes after
the protest began, a woman
shouted through a mega-
phone that 'the Egyptian
pound was down to a sev-
enth of a dollar' prompting
the demonstratorsto begin
shouting slogans against
-government policy and for-
getting all about the
Intifada and Saddam
Hussein.
Over the next two days
demonstrations in central
Cairo saw ever smaller
numbers. congregating in
'support of : the
Palestinians', 'hailinglraqi
resistance' and 'decrying
American imperialism'. At
each protest, the focus of'


attention was shifted from
international politics
towards domestic issues
such as wages, housing
and the long standing
demand to abolish emer-
gency laws. Eventually,
other demonstrations
organised by the leftwere
called off as a face-saving
exercise.
The same month also saw
the launch of a new liberal
website Nahdut-Misr (the
rise of Egypt) which
became a focus for
Egyptian nationalist liber-
als seeking the recovery of
Egyptian identity,
Lawyers, technocrats and
intellectuals, led not by the
younger generation but by
much older, secular, highly
educated lawyers, who
were students during the
post war, anti-colonial,
Egyptian nationalist move-
ment, are leading the fast
growing Egypt Mother
Party. The party is headed
by lawyer Sami Harak,
from the old liberal party
and Mohsen Lutfy, another
lawyer in his late 70's, who
is the nephew of the late
philosopher Ahmad Lutfi
El Sayyed, known as 'the
master of the new genera-
tion'. That new genera-
tionwas at it's peak during
the 1920's when 'the mas-
ter' argued for a separate
Egyptian, Nilotic,
Pharonic identity, separate
from that of the 'Islamic'


eastern imposed but
never fully accepted iden-
tity imposed on Egypt by
the Ottomans.
Nearly three quarters of a
century later, his disciples
are leading the fast grow-
ing movement to recover
the Egyptian identity from
the entanglement of Arab
politics and Arab national-
ism. They argue. that Col.
Nasser's confusion of
identity in 1959 he
renamed Egypt the United
Arab Republic until the
name was restored by the
late President Sadat after
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elected government of par-
liamentarian systems. The
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time has come for a change
of national flag, one that
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