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The Syrian Lebanese star ( February 1, 2004 )

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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
February 1, 2004
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00024

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
February 1, 2004
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00024

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
        page 4
        page 5
    Florida
        page 6
        page 7
        page 8
    Georgia
        page 9
    North Carolina
        page 10
    Virginia
        page 11
    Maryland/Virginia/Washington, DC
        page 12
        page 13
    Maryland
        page 14
    Alabama/Tennessee
        page 15
    Louisiana/Texas
        page 16
    Texas
        page 17
    New Mexico/Oklahoma/Texas
        page 18
    Arizona/Nevada
        page 19
    Michigan
        page 20
    Missouri
        page 21
    Colorado/Utah
        page 22
    Southern California
        page 23
        page 24
        page 25
    California
        page 26
        page 27
    Recommended Businesses
        page 28
Full Text

I' III


$1


www.syrianlebanesestar.com


XXXXII #2


FEBRUARY 2004


I ~- I-~ -


S-I
A revolution is
underway in the
emirate of Qatar
where a new leader and
the dawn of the 21st


century marked the
beginning of
pioneering change-
towards modernity. By
continued on page 6


Tunisa: Making A Little Go A
Long Way


Rather than being a
major export earner in
its own right. Tunisian
gas is proving to be an


There's
More
to
Mobile
than
Mardi Gras
coileC sce...


increasingly important
power sector feedstock,
providing the basis for

continued on page 15


See
Article
Mid-
Winter
Confer
-ence
in
Mobile

on
page 15


Zahra Kazemi
Beaten to Death
While In
Custody


T he Nobel Peace
Prize winner
Shirin Ebadi has
agreed to represent the
family of a murdered
continued on page 9

Alabama Muslims
Denied Right to
Islamic Atire
Contact state officials
to protest prohibition of
hijab in license photos
continued on page 16


Oman Oil
Marketing Company
Launches First
Petrol Station


The new Oman Oil
Marketing Company
has officially opened
for business with the
opening of its first
service station. The
service station will be
launched under the
company's brand name
omanoil.


Senate Engaged
in McCarthyite
Witch Hunt
Groups targeted for
IRS tax, donor records
T he Council on
Am erican
I sl a m i c
Relations (CAIR) today
accused a Senate
committee of engaging
in a "McCarthyite
witch hunt" by seeking

continued on page 17

Federation
Awvards
Committee
Announces
Guidelines
In January, the
awards Committee
will be sending
nomination ballots for
Man of the Year,
Woman of the Year,
Club of the year, and.
Youth of the year to all

continued on page 10


Rose Nunu
Honored As Woman
of Excellence









n Saturday,
Rose Nunu
was honored at
the Hyatt Regency in
Houston, Texas, as a
continued on page 17


Lights, Camera Action


MM MM ffE


-. Ia


St. Jude National Outreach Director Marlo
Thomas chats with patient Emily Miller during
filming of the hospital's newest hourlong
television special. "Saving Kids Like Me." The
TV program recently debuted on stations across
the country. Hosted by Thomas, the program
features new stories about St. Jude patients and the
latest medical breakthroughs at the hospital. For
air times, check your local listings or call (800)
822-6344 between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. CST.
Iraqi Kurdistan: An Island of
Prosperity and Calm
T he Kurds are ,
reaping the -Ti E
rewards of *,
peace. Despite the


turmoil elsewhere in
Iraq, 12 years after the
creation of a Kurdish
"safe haven", business
is booming. Chris
Kutschera reports from
continued on page 22
Hollywood
Producers Invest
5m in Jordanian
Animation Series
US-based production
companies Fat Rock
Entertainment and
Layalina Productions
have entered a 45mjoint
venture with Jordan's
Rubicon to produce a 13
episode children's series
created to address the
cultural void that exists
between the US and the
Arab world.


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THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY
SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 41 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
MEMBER AMERICAN LEBANESE CONGRESS
ESTABLISHED IN 1963


5.00 SUBSCRIPTION


Qatar: A Trailblazer For
Democracy


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SPage 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004


Jacksonville News


Weddings


HANLEY-ABBOUD
Jennifer Lynn Abboud,
Jacksonville, and Dr.
mark Raymond Hanley,
Indian Harbour Beach,
were married at 5 P.m.
Saturday in Lakewood
Presbyterian Church.
The bride, daughter of
Grace F. and Wilson
Richard Abboud,
Jacksonville, graduated-
continued on page 8


Deaths


y




COREY
A Mass of Christian
Burial was celebrated
for Mary Sebra Corey,
94, who died January 8,
continued on page 10
HASSAN
Jalal Sabri Hassan, 51, -
passed unexpectedly at
his home wednesday,
January 7, 2004. He
was born in Ramallah,
Palestine, and lived in
continued on page 10


Human Rights Commission Considers
Case Of Muslim Students Kicked Off Bus
In Jacksonville Florida


7:03 p.m. EST January 13,
2004 A battle that started
on the bus has ended up in
City Hall. In October,
about 24 Muslim students
from Ft. Caroline said they
were kicked off their
school bus and forced to
walk several miles to their
homes.
They claimed they were
discriminated against
because they're Muslim.
But the district and bus
company said the kids
misbehaved while riding
the bus.
Now, the Jacksonville
Human Rights
Commission is trying to
find out if the incident was
an act of racism or a bus
driver trying to handle
unruly kids.
"The accusations of
discrimination are.false,"
said Ernst Mueller, who's
representing the school


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Best Wishes To
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district.
Mueller said the bad
behavior allegedly
included a racist comment
made to the bus driver,, an
African-American female.
And, according to the
school district, the students
were offered another bus to
ride when they were
kicked off their own bus,
but they refused the ride.
AltafAli, from the Counsel
on American-Islamic
Relations, is representing
the students. He said, the
only ones kicked off the
bus were wearing Muslim
religious dress, including
turbans. Other kids, he
said, were allowed to
remain on the bus.
"We are claiming that we
are liberating that country
and giving it freedom --
and right here in
Jacksonville, it's a-different
story," Ali said.


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l Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004 1


The reason for my
writing these words at 95
years of age is, that
before I die, I want to
encourage everyone to
put his -trust in the Lord
Jesus Christ more and
more. Jesus is God in the
flesh, was born by the
Holy Spirit from a virgin,
died for our sins, was
buried and on the 3rd day
He arose by the power of
God. He is sitting on His
throne in Heaven to
justify the believers in
Him. For without Him.
we can do nothing. He is
the life and the way to
Heaven.

Since I was five, He has
showed me Himself a
few times and showed
me my position in Him
on earth and my end in
Eternity. This
encourages me more
even in this old age. I
see Him working with
me, guiding me daily as a
friend to win souls for
His glory. Because of-
my obedience to Him, I


-q.- Li~Y1


Rev. Fred Massabni
am what I am now.
Instead of being a tail,
He made me to be a
head. Praise His Holy
name.

Surrender to His will and
see what He can do for
you. Seek to know Him
personally and the more
you obey Him and walk
close to Him, you will
draw wisdom and
strength from Him and
He will show Himself
alive in your live.

In 1st Corinthians 2, we
read, "But we speak the
wisdom of God in
mystery, even the hidden

continued on page 12


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Future Events Are
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A key
A graduating senior
from a Catholic
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interviewing with a
prestigious business
firm for a position. The
youthful company
recruiters explained that
the work was
challenging and
demanded about 70
hours a-week, but the
compensation was
outstanding. After
many hours in the
elegant office setting,
the graduate asked the
interviewers if they
enjoyed their work. The
pause was awkward.
Gradually came the
truthful reply that the
work wasn't that
enjoyable or
meaningful, but the
salary and perks were
considerable. At that
point the. graduating
senior decided he would
not accept the position.


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Jacksonville, FL


Prayer


Choice




'F






By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
The graduate had a
sense of vocation. He
was seeking work that
would reach into the
deeper values he had
learned, something that
would provide a sense of
meaning. He desired
more than a job that
would pay bills and carry
a handsome salary. He
recognized that his
ambitious recruiters had
more than a job; they had
made a commitment to a
continued on page 13


Prayer in Islam is 'A
call to Allah Almighty',
beseeching His
Forgiveness and
invoking His Blessings.
Like a 'person to person'
call, no interference and
no interruption in-
between. A 'direct call'
to the Creator of the
Heavens, Earth and
everything in-between.

"Call Me, Allah says,
and I will listen to your
prayer.'
(Holy Quran 2:187)
As of Holy Quran:
"And when My servant
asks thee about Me, say:
I am nearer. I answer
the prayer of the
supplicant when.he/she
prays to Me, so they
should hearken to Me
and believe in Me,
that they may follow the
right way."
(Holy Quran 2:187)


Best Wishes To Our Many Syrian & Lebanese
Friends & Customers


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Phone 642-8000 Fax: 646-1259
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or visit our website at: www.paulmillerjrcpa.com


By Dr. Qazi Muhammad
Barkatullah
This particular verse,
2:187, refers to the
Blessings in the month
of Ramazan, but its
applicability is in
general also. The words
in the verse quoted
above "My servants"
refer to such men and
women who believe in
Allah and are willing to
obey Him' particularly
the Muslims who follow
His Commandments. It
appears that 'the
atheists' or, for that
matter even the evil
perpetrators as well as
rebellious people are

continued on page 14


Vocation or Career?





Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

Tales, Tidbits and Triumphs Past President Nasib Nadar
Whether min the privacy of your home, the
Under Tanous is tetimonia in New President of the Federation in traditional classroom, or through the intensive
Si 1967, following the term seminar, Logos has a program that will meet
breathless will all the Orleans, so she sends completed by Ralph Abercia. your educational needs and busy schedule
activity of our busy Uncle this news, "Joe, ,' Mr. Nader also retained
membership, but Uncle Becky, Pat, Patsy and I Secretary Mary Helen Bosby
will preserve because who was appointed by Mr.
will preserve because went up on Thursday Abercia. Like so many other
you are worth it, and, .and partied ahead of officials who seeked high
more importantly, time." Now, dear old office in the Federation, i G O
Uncle is a gossip and Uncle believes that Nader's first attempt was not
a successful one, nor was his
this- if would be Joe Joseph, Isecond. Prior to being Mandate
FUN!!!!........................ Jr. and most beautiful elected President he served m
.......So, where to begin, wife Becky, and as Louisiana State Vice To Equip and empower men and women to
o as Louisiana State Vice To Equip and empower men and women to
y President and on the. achieve their God-given potential.
well let's begin with Uncle's other favorite Sept. 22, 2003, the Southern Executive Board of
news from Past Austin couple, Patsy Federation lost its 3rd Past Directors.
President, Sharon and Pat Sconci. Uncle President in seven months. International Administrative Office
SOn that day the members of Mr. Nader was a lifelong 8159 Arlington Expwy., Suite 29
Benson. Sharon reports received: no other the Southern Federation resident of Shieveport, LA. JacksonvilleFL221USA
that her favorite details from our Miss heard the sad news, Nesib He was a retired attorney. Jac e FL 3 1
entourage attended Sharon as to what Nader, of Shreveport, LA. During World War II, he was Tel 904-745-3311 Fax 904-743-8866
Pr c passed away at the age of 87. E-mail College@logos.edu
Presidents Moises continued on page 11 Mr. Nader was elected continued on page 11 Web: www.logos.edu
Training for successful christian ministry is our specialty.
Happy Holidays to Our Syrian & Lebanese Friends and Customers we also offer ESL (English as a Second Language-Classes)

"y M BEAUTERIA

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Chemicals (904) 786-2600



0,>A 4,*A> h40>A OBl ;ollA A 0,*t






SPage 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S.. Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year


State Vice-President
David K. Martinous-
1521 Macon Drive
.Little Rock, AR 72211
501 227-5342
dmartinous0saol.corn
The Cedars Club
of the Ozarks
subnillecd hy:
Rita .-1. aron. PI.resident
The year has started with
reorganization meeting held
on May 13th of 2003. The
following officers were
elected to serve for the 2003-
2004 year: President Rita A.
Baron: Vice President John
.Haik: Secretar. Treasurer -
Sam Hamra: Board of

continued on page 21


0I 0 t

ee- O


-Ima
State Vice-President
Dr. Carlos Johary
2019:Vanderbilt Pt
Longwood, FL 32779
407 862-9545
cfjoharydmdpa@aol.corn

The Salam Club
of Miami
from the Official Newsletter
suhinited by:
.II Sha/heen. President
The Salam Club of Miami is
in the process of finalizing
the annual list of charities
chosen to benefit from the
generosity of the club. Each
year the Salam Club donates
continued on page 21


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State Vice-President
Irv Schwary
1041 Helios Ave.
Metairie. LA 70005
504 837-4344 .
ischwary@i(yahoo.com

Syrian Lebanese
American Club of
New Orleans
submitted by Gladys Chehardy
The Bourque Room of the
Sheraton New Orleans
Hotel, overlooking world
famous Canal Street with a
breathtaking view was the
setting of the annual
installation banquet of
the Syrian Lebanese

continued on page 21


State Vice-President
Gloria Fegaly
6821 E. 53rd PI.
Tulsa, OK 74145
918 663-1182


Salaam Club of
Tulsa

The Salaam Club of
Tulsa, Oklahoma held
its 9th Baalbeck
Festival Convention on
Labor Day weekend.
This festival is held in
Tulsa, Oklahoma every
third year. The event
was well attended by
Oklahomans, regional
Southern Federation
members and families
as far away as
Mississippi and
Minnesota.

The co-chairpersons.
Gloria Fagaly and

continued on page 18


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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR January 2003

FLORIDA


Qatar: A
Trailblazer For
Democracy
continued from pg. 1
Neil Ford
The issue of political
reform in the Middle
East has once again.
been pushed into the
headlines by an appeal
for change from US
President George W.
Bush. There are
increasingly strong
indications that change
is afoot. But, contrary
to popular belief. the
Gulfs first democracy
.may not be born in US
dominated Iraq but in
the small but
prosperous emirate of
Qatar.
The Emir Sheikh
Hamad bin Khalifa Al
Thani is widely
credited with pushing
through reforms for
improved political
representation. He has
repeatedly affirmed his
belief that democracy is
the way forward for his
country.
Qatar has already
made impressive
headway, not least with
the enfranchisement of
women, who have been
permitted to vote and
stand for office since
the 1999 local
elections. Moreover,
Sheikha Ahmad Al
Mahmoud became the
Gulfs first female
minister, when she was
appointed Qatari
minister of education
last July.
A referendum in April
2003 approved a new


%UV11LLULlUU3 1 UV 7U.U /O,
allowing, for the
separation of judicial,


executive
legislative
Legislative
including
over the
budget, is
invested in


and
authority.
power,
authority
national
to be
the 45-


member Shura Council,
for which elections are
due during the first half
of 2004.
Qataris will get the
opportunity to elect 30
of the members, while
the remainder will
comprise Emiri
selected appointees.
The next election is
likely to produce a high
turnout, unlike the 2003
local elections, where
seven out of 10 voters
did not bother to
register their vote. The
big difference,
however, is that the
Council will have real
influence, in stark
contrast to the local
councils who hold
merely advisory rather
than legislative powers.
It is difficult to assess
whether this means that
Qatar will inevitably
move towards a fully
democratic system. In
almost every other
country around the
world where similar
systems have been
tried, with elected
representatives
ou t n u m b e r i n g
appointees, the
legislative bodies in
question have
eventually become
fully elected.
The Emir seems very
keen for the new


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governing framework
to succeed and is
widely regarded as one
of the most ardent
supporters of political
reform in the Middle
East. But his view
could change if and
when the Council
begins to disagree on
major points. of policy.
In time the Shura
Council will surely
begin to press for even
greater powers. How
Sheikh Hamad will
react and how far and
how fast the transition
towards democracy can
take place, only time
will tell. One thing is
certain; A council
which never disagrees
with the Emir is of little
value.
A point in favor of the
Council's success is the
level of dissent which,
is tolerated in Qatar and
the active
encouragement of press
freedom. An energetic
and vibrant fourth
estate is a vital
ingredient in any
democracy. The
government lifted
media controls in 1996
and freedom of the
press, was included in
the new constitution,
cementing Qatar's
position as the leading
media center in the
Gulf---a position which
has been built by the
success of satellite
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broadcasts have
generated in Middle
Eastern and Western
countries pays
testimony to the level
of media freedom in
Qatar. However, since
the government owns
the station, it will be
interesting to see how
critical Al Jazeera can
be of the Qatari
authorities as the
process of
dem o crati nation
continues to evolve.
The political changes
are only one part of the
overall transformation
of Qatar.
Economically, Qatar
now boasts the highest
GDP per head in' the
Middle East, recorded
at $28,125 in 2002,
thanks to the booming
oil and gas sector. Oil
production capacity has
increased considerably
over the past decade,
during which time the
country' has become
one of the biggest
liquefied natural gas
(LNG) exporters in the
world.
Although the
predicted global dash
for gas has turned out
to be more of a stroll to
gas, Qatar seized the
opportunity to secure
major LNG markets in
South-East and East
Asia, and recently
secured a major deal
with ConocoPhillips to

continued on page 7


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Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

FLORIDA


Qatar: A
Trailblazer For
Democracy
continued from pg. 6

supply the US. Such a
healthy economy, albeit
increasingly reliant
upon hydrocarbon
revenues, provides the
ideal environment
within which to
introduce real political
reforms.
The focus of
government efforts to
increase Qatari
participation in the
workforce is on
improving education
and making it more
relevant to the needs of
the workplace. rather
than through regulation
and legislation aimed at
enforcing quotas. In
October 2003, a new
higher education
establishment was
officially opened in
poba. Education City,
which has been built at
a cost of $300m, is not
a university in its own
right but acts as branch
campus for several
other universities
elsewhere in the world.
The aim is to enable
Qatari students and


those from elsewhere
in the Middle East to
obtain a western style
education while
remaining in the
region;
At present, all the
participating
universities are based
in the US, but it is
hoped that UK and
European institutions
will also sign up.
In line with current
practice in the
industrialized world,
the Qatar Science and
Technology Park is
being built near to
Education City to
enable education,
technology and
business to interact as
much as' possible. A
huge site has been set
aside for the combined
project, with plenty of
room for expansion
over time.
Whether Qatar
becomes .the :region's
first genuine
democracy, however,
does not only depend
upon events in Qatar:
Other Gulf countries
could press ahead with
reforms of their own
although the region's
other countries have


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not demonstrated the
same levels of
enthusiasm for the
democratic process as
Shekh Hamed. Kuwait
and Bahrain have made
significant moves
towards democracy
over a sustained period
but both lag behind
Qatar in several areas,
including female
enfranchisement.
The Bush
administration's close
relationship with Emir
Sheikh Hamad bin
Khalifa Al Thani and
Qatar owes much to the
latter's support
including the emirate's
decision to host US
Central Command
during the war.
However, Qatar's
process of political
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Washington is eager to
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democracy in the
region and is certain to
be cheered by the
transformation in
Doha.
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called for political
reform in Middle
Eastern countries
dominated by single
families, particular
parties or monarchies
on several occasions
since he came to power
and his view has.been
backed by other US
officials. In December
2002, a senior US state
d e p a r t m e n t
representative, Richard
Haass, said: "Only one
out of four countries
with Muslim majorities
have democratically
elected governments"
and he argued for the
"democratic deficit"
between practice in
most Muslim countries
and the rest of the
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It is a moot point
whether the US can
best ensure oil supplies
and political stability
within the Middle East
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alliances with the
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continued on pg. 8


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Page 8 -THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

FLORIDA


Qatar: A
Trailblazer For
Democracy
continued from pg. 7
elections and
parliamentary rule.
The former approach
has *been favored for
several decades, with
only a dash of the latter,
in the hope that gradual
democratization was
the best policy. It is
therefore interesting
that US pressure for
increased transparency
and western style
democracy in the
region has been stepped
up at the same time as
many ruling classes in
the region are coming
under growing pressure
from Islamic
extremists.
Economic. success
may eventually
determine the pace of
change in many
countries in the Gulf.
While high levels of


growth may provide an
ideal platform. for
reform in countries like
Qatar, which are
governed by rulers with
democratic leanings, it
is economic stagnation
and unemployment
which may eventually
bring about change
elsewhere in the region.
While governments
were able to look after
their people
economically and
socially, there were
fewer demands for new
democratic freedoms,
including freedom of
the press than in times
of financial crisis.
With millions of
young Arabs likely to
join the ranks of the
unemployed over the
next decade, certain
states may no longer be
able to maintain living
standards at the same
level therefore
demands could
intensify. It will be
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whether this will
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discontent will be
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HANLEY


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Page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

GEORGIA


Zahra Kazemi
Beaten to Death
While In Custody
continued from pg. I
Canadian journalist of
Iranian origin. Zahra
Kazemi. Fifty-four
year old Kazemi died in
July, after being
detained for about three
weeks for taking
photographs outside a
Tehran prison during
student-led protests
against the government
in June.
Intelligence Ministry
agent Reza Aghdam
Ahmadi has been
charged with beating
her to death. He pleads
not guilty.
Thre Kazemi case has
become part of the
bitter power struggle
between the reformist
and conservative wings
of the Iranian
establishment.
Iran's reformist-
dominated parliament
has accused hard line
Tehran prosecutor
Saeed Mortazavi of
illegally detaining
Kazemi and later
covering up her death
in custody. Shiring
Ebadi will head a legal
team that includes three


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other veteran lawyers:
Mohammad Ali
Dadkhah, Mohammad
Seifzadeh and
Abdulfattah Soltani, all
founding members of
Iran's Center for the
Protection of Human
Rights.
Kazemi's tragic death
must be avenged but
the prosecution of a
single Intelligence
Ministry agent,
charged with "semi-
premeditated murder",
will not do it, or come
anywhere near. It is
the Iranian
establishment which
must be held
responsible.
President Mohammed
Khatami had sharp
words of criticism for
the judiciary handling
the trail, who he
accused of trying to
blame his
administration. But
,sharp.. words of
criticism are not
enough; however much
the president might try
to wriggle out of it, his
administration must
bear .. some
responsibility for
Zahra Kazemi's death.
The word knows
Khatami walks a fine


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line trying to appease
the warring
conservatives and
reformists in the
Iranian parliament. But
if doing so renders him
ineffectual then he
pleases no one, except
the cowardly,
murderous vipers that
gave the order to beat a
defenseless middle
aged woman and the
mentally impaired
degenerates prepared to
carry, out such
instructions.
SInitially, the
prosecutor, Saeed
Mortazavi, was quoted
as saying Kazemi had
died of a stroke. But a
presidential-appointed
committee discredited
his account, finding
instead that she had
died from head injuries
sustained while in
custody. It was a good
start. If heads are going
to roll let Saeed
Mortazavi's be the first.
The fact that the court
has accepted Nobel
Peace -Prize winner
Shirin Ebadi's
application to represent
Zahra Kazemi's family
is another move in the
right direction. Ebadi's
involvement guarantees
that this already high
profile case will remain


in the public eye.
Against the wishes of
the Canadian
government and
Kazemi's son who lives
in Montreal, the
murdered journalist
was buried in Iran. Her
family wants her'body
back in Canada and this
should be authorized-if
necessary at
presidential level-with
all haste.
The murder of Zahra
Kazemi is a stain on the
integrity of Islamic
republic. But whether
or not this shameful act:
will be allowed to
further contaminate
Iranian society remains
to be seen. The eyes of
the world are on
President Khatami, if
he wavers and loses
this battle against the
hardliners, the betting
is he will, ultimately,
lose the war.

Please-

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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

NORTH CAROLINA


Federation Awards
Committee
Announces
Guidelines
continued from pg. 1

clubs of the Southern
Federation.


The
guidelines
observed
choosing
nominees.


following
should be
when
your


1) All nominees must
be a member in
good standing of the
Southern Federation
of Syrian Lebanese
american Clubs.
2) All nominees mst
have performed
outstanding service
and achievement on
behalf o f The
Southern federation
for the previous
twelve months. This
is not a local club
Deaths
continued from pg. 2
COREY
2004, in the Prince of
Peace Catholic Church
with- her nephew,.
Father Anthony G.
Sebra. officiating.
Interment in Evergreen
Cemetery. Gate #5.
Mrs. Corev was born in
Cahose. New York and


member award; the
service must be to
the benefit of The
Southern Federation
3) Any person who has
received the named
awards within the
past ten (10) years is
ineligible.
4) Campaigning
between clubs for or
against an
individual and/or
club is STRICTLY
prohibited and may
result in the
nominee being
disqualified.
If you are a Club
President please send
your name, address and
telephone number to
the Federation mailing
Secretary. Penny
Corbin. Failure to do so
will cause great delays
in the receipt of all
F e d e r a t i o n
Correspondence.

had lived in
Jacksonville most of
her life.
She was the widow of
George S. Corey, Sr.
She was a charter
member and past
president of the Syrian
Ladies Society, charter
member and past
president of the.
Molaka Club, and a
member of the Homs


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operated Geo. S. Corey
Grocery and market in
Jacksonville, for many
years.
She is survived by three
sons and daughter-in-
laws, George S. Corey,
Jr. and his wife
Elizabeth, Joseph G.
Corey, Sr. and his wife
Sheila, Sebra G. Corey
and his wife Florence;
7 grandchildren,
Michelle Corey, Joseph
G. Corey, Jr., Darlene
Corey, John T. Corey,
Lealia Joyner,; Mary
Annette Nunn and
Margaret A. Bell;
several great
grandchildren; several
great great
grandchildren; several
nieces, nephews and
great nieces and
nephews.
HASSAN
Jacksonville since 1970.
Mr. Hassan was a
successful entrepreneur
and a devoted family
man. His beloved family
includes four sons,
Robert Allen Hecht, Jr.,


Sabri Jalal El-Hassan,
Jalal Sabri "J.J." E-
Hassan, Jr. and David
Jalal El-Hassan, five
daughters, Rougina Jalal
Hecht, Sabrina Jalal El-
Hassan, Kinberly
Louise Chaucey, Teresa
Jalal E-HI-ausan and
Dena Jalal E-Hausan,
three brothers, George
Jalal E-Hausan and
family, Hanna Jalal E-
Hausan and family and
Roger Jalal E-Hausan,
four sisters, Janette
abosini and family,
Georgette Akel and
family, Janan Akel and
family and Maha
Naddaf and family, four
grandsons, Robert Allen
Hecht III, Timothy
Lewis Hecht, Sabi Jalal
E-Hausan. Jr. and
Gabriel, Robert Hecht,
great-grandson, Robert
Allen Hecht IV, and
numerous aunts, uncles
and cousins.
The Reverend Father
Elie abi Chedid
conducted Funeral
services at St. Maron
Church. Interment
followed at Riverside
Memorial Park (South
SSide).


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Deaths continued






Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

VIRGINIA


Tales
continued from page 4

exactly was included in
the "party ahead of
time", but Uncle
guesses it was much
fun filled with much
laughter ...................N
ow, speaking of Ommi
Yousef, where is that
picture you promised
Joe Joseph,
Jr.?..................yes, you
do know what Uncle is
talking about
too .....................
.Uncle received news
from Kelly Aide in
Orlando, Florida via the
wonderful SLAC
Bulletin. Thanks to
Kelly, Uncle learned
about the month long
visit to Lebanon Paula
Harb and her beautiful
children enjoyed
visiting her family.
Uncle is so jealous of
this trip! Uncle hopes
to return to Lebanon
one day because it is a
home one always longs
for............... ...........U.
ncle has learned that
Kathryn Momary,
daughter of Martha and
Sam Momary, was the
recipient of the Perry A.
Foote Award for
Distinguished
Sc h.o larship ,


Leadership and Service
as a Doctor of
Pharmacy. Kathryn,
you make Uncle so
proud!!!!!!....................
..........Oh, and was
recognized with the
Distinguished Service
Award. Way to go
Sam! .....................
Uncle heard that Joe
Shashaty, who lives in
Los Angles, flew to
Miami recently to visit
with his parents, Mike
and Yvonne. Joe is a
talented musician and
doing well out
w est..............................
.And speaking of
travels, Uncle hears
Hilda and Jake Ravitch
have been "cruisin"
again. Uncle didn't
hear where they went,
just how they went out
on the big ship
Celebrity of the Royal
Caribbean line. Uncle
believes they most
likely had a lot of fun
and a lot to
eat!!!...
Uncle believes the gift
of education is one of
the greatest gifts of all,
however, this gift
would never be
possible -without the
tireless dedication of
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Uncle was so excited to


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learn that one of our
very own, Nadia
Dajani, was named
"Teacher of the Year" at
Riverside Elementary
School in
Florida..........................
....and speaking of
education, cousins
Chris Kaleel and
Megan Thum grew up
over 700 miles apart,
and ended up attending
college only 70 miles
apart. Both graduated
from colleges in
Louisiana in May 2003.
Megan received a B.A.
in Psychology with a
minor in Sociology
from Loyla University
in New Orleans. Chris
received a B.A. in Mass
Communication with a
minor. in Business
Administration form
LSU in Baton Rouge.
Uncle says,
Congrats!!!!..............
............... FLA SH !
Uncle has just learned
that Dottie Frank is a
"hat" lady
too!! ......................W el
1, Uncle is out of the
room but does have a
question. Hey, Gene
Petro, who is Aunt
Sharifie? Uncle needs
to know

!!!!
!I 11 I I !!!!!
mI -I


Nasib Nadar
continued from page 4
in the army and received an
honorable discharge as Staff
Sergeant from the army.
Following the war .he
received his law degree and
practiced law many years.
At the time of his death, he
was retired from his law
practice. He was a member
of St. Mark's Episcopal
Cathedral, The American
Legion, Forty and Eight
Club, and the Southern
Federation.
He was preceded in death by
his wife, Jeanette Balagia
Nader, grandson, Michael
William Curry, his parents,
I.A. and Mamie, Nader;
brothers, William George
Nader and Edward Nader.
He is survived by his
daughters, Linda Carter and
husband, Alan; and Rene
Reeves and husband, Mike;
two sons William Nader and
Michael Nader; eight
grandchildren, Mathieu and
Ashley Nader, Kristin Cicru,
Ray and Austin Carter,
Jonathan, Christopher and
Aaron Reeves; one great
grandchild, Zoe Circu; and
his sister Lillie Mae Nasser.
Visitation was held on
September' 23; 'funeral
services on September 24th
at St. Mark's Episcopal
Cathedral. Officiating were
the Very Reverend M.L.
Agnew, Jr., Dean of St.
Mark's, the Rev. Canon Jane
W.B. Alexander and the Rev.
Canon Andrew Comeaux of
St. Mark's Cathedral. This
family requests that
memorials be made to St.
Mark's Cathedral or. St. Jude
Children's Hospital.


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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA/ WASHINGTON, DC


wisdom, which God
ordained before the
world unto our glory:
Which none of the
princes of this world
knev: for had they
known it, they would not
have crucified the Lord
of glory. But as it is
written, Eye hath not
seen, nor ear hard,
neither have entered into
the heart of man, the
things which God hath
prepared for them that
love him. But God hath
revealed them unto us by
his Spirit: for the Spirit
searcheth all things, yea,
the deep things of God.
For what man knoweth
the things of a man, save
the spirit of the world,
but the spirit which is the
things of God knoweth
no man, but the Spirit of
God. Now we have
received, not the spirit
which is of God; that we
might know the things
that are freely given to us
of God. "These verses
are part of the mysteries


continued from pg. 3
hidden in the Holy Bible
and if the princes of this
world knew them, they
would not have
crucified the Lord of
Glory."

Following are some of
the events that are real
and true.

In the beginning, God
was complete in three
persons. 1) God the
Father, 2) the Son, who
is the Word of God, and
3) the Holy Spirit. God
created man in three
parts (1 John 5:8) -
body, soul, and spirit.
Man is complete in three
parts.

God is dealing with man
in three acts.

1. From the beginning of
creation to Abram was
approximately 2000
years, or two days.
According to II Peter
3:8, one thousand years
is like one day.


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xion?


2. From the time of
Abraham until the birth
of our Lord was
approximately 2000
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3. From the birth of
Christ until he comes
back as King of Kings
and Lord of Lords will
be???, about 2 days. In
all, we have 6000 years
or 6 days. The last 1000
years will be the
millennium reign on
earth.

In the beginning, God
.gave us a principle. "Six
days I have worked with
man in creation." The
seventh day He rested. II
Peter 3:8 tells us that one
day with the Lord is as a
thousand years and a
thousand years as one
day.

God worked two days up
till Abram. Next God
raised up a nation called
Israel and Jesus came to
us through this nation.
How long was it from
Abraham to the birth of
Jesus? Two days. After
the crucifixion of Jesus,
He said, "I will come


Approximately two days.

In Hosea 5:14-15 and
6:1-3 we find that the
Lord will return to
Jerusalem. God says, "In
their affliction they will
seek me early." Verse 2
of chapter 6 give the
time, "after two days will
He revive us." In the
third day He will raise
up, and we shall live in
His sight. The third day
is the one thousand year
millennial reign of
Christ. Malachi 3:6,
"For I am the Lord, I
change not."

Put your trust in the
living and only savior
and have eternal life.
Your sins will be
forgiven. Pray this
prayer now: Lord Jesus
be merciful to me, a
sinner. Forgive my sins,
enter my heart and
change my life. Thank
you for saving my soul.

To be continued.
His servant,
Fred Massabni


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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA / WASHINGTON, DC


Vocation or Career?


A Key Choice
career. But he was
seeking more than a
career, more than
financial security. He
wanted work that would
have meaning and make
a difference for the
common good.
Before Christianity,
!Socrates had raised the
Question, "What ought I
ito do?" The liberal arts
tradition, and Western
education and humanism
have always spotlighted
this concern. Christian
spirituality frames the
question in terms of
vocation: "What am I
called to become?"
Graduates faced with
Multiple career options
often falter and allow
other influences like
-family expectation, the
opinion of peers, and the
voices of the
marketplace to dictate
the shape of their lives.
Usually the course of
career choice follows the
patternn of figure out the


continued from pg 3

lifestyle you want,
estimate the level of
income you need, and
find a job that yields
those results. There
probably isn't a worse
way to discover the
meaningful life. It's a
faulty logic that runs
backwards. It assumes
work is only a means to a
financial end.
Coinpletely ignored is
the.possibility that work
can be worthwhile
because it calls on our
unique talents and can
actually make a
difference in our world.
One young attorney
lamented, "I hate
spending 60 hours a
week making rich people
richer."
Christianity offers a
different take on
vocation, and advises us
to use our eyes of faith to
determine our personal
calling, to discover our
gifts and aspirations and
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world. In the spirit of the
Gospel an authentic
calling reaches beyond
personal fulfillment to a
concern for justice and
peace that addresses
fulfilling the needs of
others, even if they are
strangers. God calls
each to heal, serve, and
create.
Champions of the laity
like Blessed William
Joseph Chaminade and
others of the 19th and
20th centuries, and
especially the thrust of
the Second Vatican
Council insist that the
concept of vocation
extends to all the
baptized. All are equally
called to holiness and to
service for the realization
of God's reign in this
world. Dedicated
followers of Christ
follow the example .of
the Mother of Christ to
pay close attention to the
actual needs of the world
and the church in order
to translate their desires
into practical service.
Christ's life made it clear
that his followers take


their cues from the
people they serve, not
from their own needs.
Our Christian tradition
leads us to understand
that the human desire to
serve reflects Christ's
compassion. It is God's
desire for us to be
concerned for healing the
world in the
circumstances of our
small arena of family and
job and community. This
is where we find God,
and where God finds us.
There is no standard
blueprint for life. We
learn "on the job" to
discern God's will in our
earthly pilgrimage. The
result is that we
eventually end up not
with a road map but with
a .compass. Our
continuing challenge is:
How can I sustain a
vocation while pursing a
career?
We are called to educate
ourselves to solidarity.
The Bible's concern for
justice is rooted in love
continued on pg. 14


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

MARYLAND

Vocation or Prayer attainment of union encompasses Muslims
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with Him is within the as well as non-Muslims. ealth and happiness that are inherent in your life!
Career? continued from pg. 3 reach of every righteous It is, however, natural tohappess re inherent i your life
A Key Choice not included in the man and woman. conceive that for one's
continued from p words 'My servants'. Through Islam, pryer to be accepted a
p Here only the righteous however, it becomes person should believe in
of neighbor and the people of Allah are easy to have an access o d
realization of God's meant by the words to Almighty Allah im, obey Him and be
covenant with humanity. "My servants". because of the given geos man or
Consequently people of commandments to woman. Allah
faith pay special Further, the clause 'I follow. Nonetheless, Almighty is the Creator
attention to the suffering am Nearer' creates the the door of His Mercy of the Universe. He is
children of God. When conception of Loving and Grace is open to all Creator of all the human
God's Spirit works in the Allah who is closer to the human beings. beings. Then, even
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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

ALABAMA / TENNESSEE


2004 Mid Winter Conference In Mobile


"Tell us more..... Just the
facts, sir." Well, it goes like
this; We've been planning
the Mobile 2004 Mid-
Winter Conference for a
long time, you see. You
know, have the most fun
with the least cost. And
invite everyone in the
Southern Federation- to
come to our hometown to
have a great time! It's been
a long time since all of
these fine folks have been
here, so we want to do our
best to have them come
back again.
"Ok, go on, tell us what
your club has
planned........." Well officer,
the last time we had a Mid-
Winter in Mobile was
1993...and well, it snowed !
It has never done that
before, you see. So far, we
haven't decided to have it
snow again; but we're still
working on it. And we do
have a lot of:other things
planned for our guests:
March 4 7, 2004 The-.
dates to remember! Oh
THURSDAY, March 4
there's going to be a lot of
activities planned. Some
unique tours, youth
activities, games, indoor
drive-in movie, costume
selection, workout at the Y,
and encounters. Later that
evening, we are going to be


treated to an elaborate
Wine & Cheese Reception
at a 100-year-old Neo-
Classical Historic Home.
There will be quite a bit of
heavy hors d' oeuvres, and
beverages. I understand
there will also be a classical
treat for entertainment, if
all goes as planned. From
there, the entourage will
return to the Adams Mark
Hotel for the evening's
hafli. I understand that it
will be exceptional and
very special!
"I see, tell us what
happens next?" Ok, on
FRIDAY, March 5 there'll
be a full day of activities -
you know, historic home
tours, visit places like the
world renown and
spectacular Bellingrath
Botanical Gardens, the
USS Alabama Battleship,
Explorium, the I-MAX
Theatre, City Museum,
workout at the Y, more
games, costume selection
for the big Mardi Gras
event the next day just to
name a few. We'll probably
have a few meetings
too....you know, just to
keep it legal. But things
will really get interesting
later that evening, though.
We will go 1 block away to
the famous, and unique
1700's reconstructed Fort
Conde, for an incredible


Seafood Extravaganza.
We'll havre a great variety
from the Gulf of Mexico.
This is a really distinctive
and popular spot. There's a
buzz going around that
there'll also be some
'surprises' at the fort....but
nobody's talking! After
that, we will go back to the
hotel for the Hafli. The
popular, and talented band
'SAHAR' will crank up the
dabke dancers to the max.
We also will have a 'late
nite' hospitality room open
for midnight snacks.
"Get some sleep, you
say....Why's that?" Well, it's
your own business, you
know, but SATURDAY,
March 6 is going to be one
heck of a busy day for
everyone! yes, the
hospitality room will be
hummin' you know the
sittie's will have been
making all your favorites!
Don't forget to pick up your
costume for the evening's
event. So what's for lunch,
you ask? How about an
incredible Barbecue feast at
the beautiful Cooper's
Waterfront Park.... directly
across the street from our
hotel, on the river. After
that, we recommend that
you go on one of the
walking tours, or workout
at the Y....to help digest that
Southern-style BBQ! Later


that evening is the BIG
EVENT: the Grand
Banquet and Mardi Gras
Ball. You'll never have
seen anything like this
before! It will be
unbelievable! Oh yes, our
buddies SAHAR will be at
their best for the hafli!
Nabil, Gihad, Adib, and
Tom are the Dadke Kings!
"Hmmm, this sounds
great! And it's too good to
pass up...but tell me, what
is the registration rate?"
We'll officer, you won't
believe it....These crazy
people in Mobile are only
charging $125 for adults
and $99 for youth. (a bit
more if you register late).
And the fine ADAM'S
MARK HOTEL (rated 4-
diamonds) is only $69 for
singles & doubles.- (just
about half price for
everything)! "You know
what the only crime will

be?" "What's that, sir?"
If you don't go to the
Mobile Mid-Winter 2004
Conference....you'll never
forgiveyourself! It will be
the BEST Hafli that
Mobile has ever had!
Midwinter conference
Hosted by The Lebanese-
American Club of Mobile
John Givens, President
P.O. Box 66483 Mobile,
Alabama 36660


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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

LOUISIANA / TEXAS


Alabama Muslims Denied Righ
Islamic Atire
continued fi


CAIR is urging
American Muslims and
other people of
conscience to contact
state officials in
Alabama and request
that they allow Islamic
heads scarves in
driver's license
photographs.
A number of Muslim
women in that state
have reported to CAIR
that they were
prevented from
obtaining or renewing
licenses because they
refused to take off their
hijab.
In a letter to Colonel W.
M. Coppage, Director
of the Alabama
Department of Public
Safety (DPS), CAIR
requested an
investigation of the
women's complaints
and a review of
department policies
banning head coverings


in driver's
photographs.
The letter not
CAIR helped
similar con
against the Bu
Citizenship
Immigration S
(BCIS) of th
Department
Homeland S
The new
guidelines sa
religious
coverings w
allowed "provi
subject of
photograph ot
remains
identifiable."
A recent sur'
CAIR's Civil
Department ir
that most othe
allow a r
exemption
prohibitions
head coverir
driver's
photographs.


t to "Alabama's existing
policy actually hinders
rom pg. 1 proper identification by
law enforcement
license authorities in the field
because the Muslim
ed that women drivers would
resolve appear one way in the
nplaints license photograph and
reau of look quite different in
and person," said CAIR
servicess Civil Rights
e U.S. Coordinator Rizwan
of Qureshi. "Islamic
security. headscarves are not
BCIS equivalent to baseball
y that caps or head bands that
head will not necessarily be
ill be worn when a driver is
ded the stopped by police."
the
herwise
clearly Qureshi noted that the
Bush administration
recently criticized
vey by France for proposing a
Rights law that would prohibit
idicated Muslim girls from
:r states,' wearing Islamic
religious scarves in public
to schools. An
against administration official
gs in said wearing religious
license attire is "a basic right
that should be


protected." Protests in
defense of religious
rights for French
Muslims are scheduled
at that country's U.S.
diplomatic offices
nationwide on
Saturday.

At Five in the
Afternoon

A new film by Iranian
director Samira
Makhmalbaf looks at
the situation of women
in post-invasion
Afghanistan.
With the attention of the
world's media now
focused on Iraq and it's
continuing instability,
Afghanistan, that other
theatre of war is largely
forgotten. But what has
become of the promises
made to women in that
war torn land? Has the
war really brought them
the freedom they were
promised. Iranian
director Samira
Makhmalbafs. latest film
At Five in the Afternoon
continued on page 17


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Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR -February 2004

TEXAS


Rose Nunu
Honored
continued from pg. 1

Woman of Excellence.
One of the 45 women
to be honored by the
Federation of Houston
Professional -settled in
Wichita, Kansas, Rose
is among the vanguard
of women who entered
the insurance industry
when it was virtually an
all-male profession.
She was one of the first
three women to join
Met Life in 1961. She
stayed, and she
excelled.

Her professional
accomplishments
include recognition in
The Texas Leaders
Round Table as a Life
Member, The Million
Dollar Round Table,
Women's Leader
Round Table now
known as Women's
Insurance and Financial
Affairs, the LUTCF
(Life Underwriter's
Training Council
Fellow) Designation
Federation and the
exclusive MetLife
Veteran's Club. She
achieved the top 10%
of Outstanding
"Financial Advisors, and
achieved top producer
status 17 times at the
annual MetLife


Leader's Conference.

Rose joined
S o r o p t i m i s t
International of
Pasadena in 1961. She
chaired the
International Goodwill
and Understanding
Committee with
friendship links to
France, England, and
Japan. She also served
for 10 years on the
DARE Committee.
Her membership in The
Wednesday Charity
Committee for over 40
years has helped needy
families throughout
Harris County. Rose
also gives an annual
contribution to the
scholarship fund of the
Southern Federation in-
memory of her late
husband, Charles
Nunu.

In addition to all of her
many charity
memberships, she has
for over ten years
spearheaded many
fundraisers for "The
Rose", a clinic based in
Houston, Texas, that
helps women with
breast cancer. Rose's
devout faith in God and
love for her family are
the driving forces in all
she has done and
continues to do,


Best Wishes To Our Many
Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers

THE PRINCE OF

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Senate Engaged
in McCarthyite
Witch Hunt
continued from page 1
the IRS tax and donor
records of 24 American
Muslim charitable,
youth and civic
organizations. The
Washington Post
reports that the request
"marks a rare and
unusually broad use of
the Finance
Committee's power to
obtain private financial
records held by the
government."
In a statement, the
Washington-based civil
rights and advocacy
group said:
"The Senate Finance
Comm i t t e e s


investigative net has
.been cast so wide that it
seems to target all
American Muslims as
terrorism suspects. Its
indiscriminate scope
smacks of a
McCarthyite witch hunt
and creates the
impression that the
presumption of
innocence no longer
applies to Muslims.
"As in the past, the real
test of America's
commitment to equality
before the law comes at
times of national
insecurity. We will
pass that test if we
reject demands, from
ariy source, to single
out Americans based on
their race, religion or
national origin."


At Five in the Afternoon
Continued from pg 16


looks at post war
Afghanistan and asks the
question, can genuine
democracy ever really be
created by war?
The film takes place two


years after the country's
invasion and the
overthrow of the hated
religious regime of the
Taliban. In this
continued on page 25


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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

NEW MEXICO / OKLAHOMA / TEXAS


former Federation
President Dr. Jake
Jorishie together with
officers and Salaam
club .members worked
diligently for many
months to put forth a
very successful
c o n v e n t ion .
Participants were
treated to a delicious
dinner each night and
daily well-catered
hospitality' breakfast.
The convention
provided live Arabic
music and singing by
Christopher Joseph and
his band, ethnic
dancing by the talented
and classy Amira, a
country line-dancing
night, an East Meets


West Bazaar, Bingo and
much more. The most
important event of the
convention was the
heritage presentation
"Proud to be an
American" narrated
live by Dr. Richard
Karam and Dr. Michel
Laham from San
Antonio, Texas. The
Salaam Club of Tulsa
officers wish to extend
their gratitude to Dr.
Karam and Dr. Laham
for taking the time to
celebrate with us.


Thank You

For Supporting the

Advertisers of the

Syrian-Lebanese

Star


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the country's growing
manufacturing exports.
At the same time,
Tunisia's limited oil
output is helping
minimize expensive oil
imports.
The Tunisian
government is
particularly keen to
secure access to cheap
and plentiful electricity
in order to help
domestic companies
make the most of
opportunities offered
by the European Union
(EU). Under the Euro-
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between Tunisia and
the EU are due to be
lifted by 2008.


continued from pg 1
Tunisian power tariffs
are currently lower than
those in almost all EU
member states and the
country's thriving
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preparing for 2008 with
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Tunisian economy was
hit by a fall in visitor
numbers as a result of
the murder of German
tourists at the Djerba
synagogue in April
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government is
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can keep the economy
on track.
With exports for the
first half of 2003 15%
up on the previous year

continued on pg 1


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

ARIZONA / NEVADA


Tunisa: Making A Little Go A


Long Way

and annual growth
predicted to remain a
steady 5%, the outlook
for the Tunisian
economy and for
consumer and energy
demand remains good.
High growth is vital if
the economy is to
absorb the increasing
number of young


continued from pg 18

people entering the
labor market. The
latest IMF report on
Tunisia praised its
"well coordinated
macroeconomic,
structural and social
policies" but urged
further economic
reforms. The
government, however,


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remains sensitive to
domestic attitude to
rapid change and looks
set to maintain its
gradual reform policy
at a controlled pace.


Maintaining oil output
Most oil production
comes from just two
fields: the Ashtart
complex and Eni-
Agip's El Borma field,


close to the Algerian
border. The two
account for around
75% of national output
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Manzah and Sidi El
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Production rose in

continued on pg 20


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

MICHIGAN


Tunisa: Making A Little Go A


.Long Way
tandem .with
consumption during the
1980s and peaked at
114,000 b/d in 1992,
but falling output on
the El Borma field has
seen production fall to
around 75,000 b/d
currently and the
country has become a
net importer.
In an effort to
maintain output, the
government has
improved the
i n v e s t m e n t
environment and has
managed to encourage
the development of
marginal fields. State
owned Enterprise
Tunisienne d'Activities
Petrolieres (ETAP)
continues to be active
in the sector, but small
foreign independents
have taken up a number
of fields which ETAP
previously believed to
be uneconomic. Taxes
on oil and gas
production have been
cut form 75% to 50%
and acreage is offered
to interested
independents on


continued from pg 19

condition that ETAP is
allowed to farm in, if
and when discoveries
are made.
A joint Algerian-
Tunisian company,
Numhyd, has been set
up to explore acreage
along their common
borderlands, both on
and offshore. An
agreement setting up
the new company was
signed in Tunis in July
by Algerian energy and
mining minister Chakib
Khelil and Tunisian
industry and energy
Minister Moncef Ben
Abdallah. Algerian
energy parastatal
Sonatrach and ETAP
each hold 50% stakes
in the new venture,
which looks to set to
expand its remit next
year by exploring
acreage away from the
border, in the Kaboudia
area around 200km east
of Tunis. The company
has also won a contract
to explore Algerian
bloks 220A and 220B
in the province of Illizi.


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But while oil output
has gradually fallen, the
gas sector has
flourished in recent
years. British gas
specialist BG and
Eurogas Corporation of
Canada both hold a
number of permits. BG
has held a contract to
develop the Ulysse
permit since 1997 and
plans further seismic
and drilling on the
block, but the
company's biggest
project in the country is
the Miskar Field on the
Gulf of Gabes Miskar
Concession. The 1.5
trillion cubic feet field
has supplied 205m
cubic feet a day of
natural gas to the RadeS
cogeneratin plant since
SMay 2002. The 471
MW plant---Tunisia's
first independent power
producer (IPP)---was
built at a cost of $260m
under a 20 year build
own operate transfer
(BOOT) contract by the
Carthage Power
Consortium of PSEG of
the US and Japan's
Marubeni.
Thanks to a positive
reappraisal of the field
by BG that boosted
estimated reserves by
50%, Miskar will also
supply the Hannibal
gas processing
installation for'use in
the new Barca power
plant. Barca's first 500
MW phase is scheduled
to come on stream in
S2005, while the second


500 MW phase should
be completed four
years later. Other BG
fields listed for
development are the
nearby Hasdrubal and
Jurgurtha complexes.
Other firms continue
to invest. Petro Canada
took a 73.5% stake in
the Mellita permit,
which is being
developed by fellow
Canadian company
Centurion Energy in
August. The newcomer
is to provide all of the
$13.5m investment
required to fund a 2-D
seismic survey of the
area, plus the drilling of
two exploration wells:
one offshore and one on
the island of Djerba.
However, ETAP has the
right to take a 50%
stake in the venture
should the two
companies prove
successful, providing it
can compensate the
Canadian firms for
their investment.
Centurion has already
developed its Ezzaouia
and El Biban
concessions for use in
power generation. The
company has set up a
joint venture with a
consortium of North
American investors for
the development of the
27 MW Societe
d'Electricite d'El
Bibane (SEEB) plant
near Zarsis. The $30m
project is the first of a

continued on pg 22


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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

MISSOURI


Directors: Joe Abraham, Rita
Baron, Marie Carmichael,
Sid Farris, Jim Hagale, John
Haik, Sam Hamra, Brad
Farris, Rick Haik, Richard
Joseph, MD, Paul Nahon,
and Tony Shalloup.
We are grateful for the
leadership and commitment
of Debbie Abraham for
serving as President these
past several years.
The year kicked off with a
wann gathering hosted by Dr.
Keesag and Rita Baron at
their home on Sunday, June
14. It was very well attended
and also a great deal of fun.
Our club is proud to
announce a total of 61
members, with several new
members.
In the recent month of
October, 25 people from our
surrounding areas visited our
homeland, Lebanon. They
had a wonderful time, and
they highly recommended
that everyone should make
the attempt to visit our
beautiful country.
Additional good news was
that former Southern
Federation President and our
club member, Sam Hamra,
received the Citation of Merit
Award from the University of
Missouri Law School on
September 30, 2003, and the
Distinguished Service Award
from the Missouri University
on October 10, 2003. These
awards are the highest honors
given to a Missouri
University alumni.
Future club activities
include fun gatherings and
events to share our heritage
with our youth and to carry
forward the commitment to
the Federation Foundation
Scholarship Fun.


thousands of dollars to local,
national and international
charitable organizations. This
year the club is planning to
distribute $14,500 to thirteen
different charities. We are
blessed to be able to share with
those in need.
The holiday season will be
filled with fun and excitement
for our club members. We are
happy to offer the opportunity
to our membership to see the
Federation Foundation
Cultural Committee's
presentation, "Proud to be
An American". We will also
soon be electing our new
Board of Directors.
However, it is the annual
Christmas Party which
looks to be the highlight of
the season for our
membership. This event is
always fun and special, and
will be made even more
special this year as
Federation President, Dr.
James Moises will be
joining us for the merriment.
We 'are a"club of fun and
service blessed to be able to
give, and receiving so much
from each other. Come to
Miami and be at home with
the Salam Club of Miami!





American Club of New
Orleans, on Saturday
evening, October 3, 2003,
with sixty five members
and guests in attendance.
Baskets of fall flowers in
variegated colors adorned
the tables, which added to


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the beauty of the
surroundings. A delicious
dinner was served and
thoroughly enjoyed by all.
The club was honored and
privileged to have as their
special guests, officers of
the Southern Federation,
namely, Dr. James Moises,
New Orleans, Louisiana,
President; George Korkmas,
Alvin Texas, Vice President,
and his wife, Theresa;
Miriam Koury, Jackson
Mississippi, Secretary, and
her husband, Peter; Anthony
Campbell, Austin, Texas,.
Board of Directors
Chairman; and Michael
Shikany, Atlanta, Georgia, a
Past President, who was in
New Orleans attending a
Melkite Church meeting.
Our program included
Federation State Vice-
President for Louisiana,
Irvin Schwary, also a club
member, outlining his plans
for the coming year.
President Moises addressed
the assembly, looking
forward to the year ahead
and the continual progress
of the Federation.. While at
the podium, President
Moises installed the officers
who will be serving for the
year 2003-2004, namely;
President, Janet Schwary;
First Vice President, John
Joseph; Second Vice


President, Chris E. Michal;
Corresponding secretary,
Marian Ceasar; Recording
Secretary, Katie
Schimmeck; Treasurer,
Louise Monju; and Sergeant
at Arms, George Andrews.
Continuing the program,
President Janet Schwary
addressed the gathering,
outlining plans for the year.
The club is a co-host for the
upcoming convention July
2004 which will make for a
very active and interesting
year ahead. Several guests
and members addressed the
gathering, their comments
very commendable to the
club and its members.
Two members, Pat Milazo
and Odette Mickal, were
wished happy 91st
birthdays, may they have
many more. On a sad note,
two members, Jules Gindi
and Gladys Mickal, passed
away during the year. Our
deepest condolences are
sent to their families.
The Master of Ceremonies
for the evening, Ray Ceasar,
General Chairman for the
forthcoming convention,
closed the evening by
raffling the table
arrangements.. The lucky
winners, and all guests and
members returned home
from the evening all smiles.


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Page 22 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

COLORADO UTAH


Tunisa: Making A Little Go A


.Long Way
string of planned
projects to be
developed under new
legislation which
enables smaller foreign
independents to make
the most of marginal
gas fields for use in
domestic power
production. Societe
Tunisienne de
d'Electricite et du Gaz'
(STEG) is to purchase
the power produced by
the project over a
period of about 20
years. Centurion has
had less success on its
Grombalia and Jorf
permits, although its Al
Manzah field continues
to pump a modest 2,000
b/d.
The combined effect
of all these combined
gas and power projects,


continued from pg 20
from the 471 MW
Rades scheme to the
27MW SEEB. plant,
will be to boost
Tunisia's installed
generating capacity
from 2,385 MW to
3,540 MW by 2006.
This should satisfy both
residential and
industrial demand,
although the rapid
growth in residential
consumption recorded
over the past decade is
likely to slow, thanks to
near completion of the
electric fiction
campaign. Just 8% of
rural homes remain
unconnected to the
national or local grids.
In addition, the new
plants could enable
Tunisia to develop a
power export sector.


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The 225 .kV
interconnector linking
Tunisia and Libya
should now be
operational, completing
one of the last links in
the North African
Power Pool. Tunisian
electricity could
therefore be sold
anywhere in North
Africa, with the
potential for future
exports to the rest of
the Middle East and
even the EU. Given the
wealth of oil and gas
reserves elsewhere in
the region, it is
remarkable that the
government is able to
entice IPPs seeking
wider markets to set up
plants in the country.
Such initiative should
enable Tunisia to make
the most of the
opportunities apparent'
in EMP.


Iraqi
Kurdistan
continued from pg I

the region.

The contrast is striking:
Mosul, a megapol of
1.7m inhabitants, looks
like a huge village with
only a few blocks
worthy of a big city. Its
filthiness is repulsive.
Most of its cars are in a
state of dereliction.
The facades of its
houses are decrepit.
The shops are poorly
stocked. Driving
through its mean streets
it is difficult to believe
that this is Iraq's second
city,- the northern
capital of a country
with vast oil resources,
which should look like
Dubai or Kuwait.

: continued on pg 23


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Iraqi
Kurdistan
continued from pg 22

A few dozen
kilometers away,
Dohok, in Kurdish-
controlled land is a
showcase of prosperity.
The Mazi Supermarket,
Iraq's largest with its
7000 sq meters of
shelves, attracts
customers from all over
Iraq, including for the
last few months,
American soldiers who
come to Kurdistan for a
few days of relaxation.
Kurdistan is the only
place in Iraq where
they can walk in the
streets like tourists
without risking life and
limb. Dohok souq is
full of merchandise
and, on the external
,boulevard, opulent
:mansions built by
"businessmen" who
made a fortune in
smuggling; testify that
business is booming.

Twelve years after the
creation in April 1991
of a "safe haven" by the
Gulf War Allies, which
was supposed to shelter
the hundreds of
thousands of Kurdish
refugees who fled to
the borders of Turkey
and Iran, the Kurdish
region has slowly


become a de facto
semi-independent state,
with its own Parliament
with representatives
drawn from the KDP
and the PUK. Today, it
enjoys an astonishing
prosperity. A
paradoxical prosperity
it owes partly to large
scale smuggling
operations, but more
-than anything else to
the UN Oil for Food
Resolution.

Since 1996, between
$4bn and $5bn,
deducted from Iraq's oil
revenues, has been
spent under United
Nations direct
supervision, in.
cooperation with the
Kurdish authorities, to
feed the people and
rebuild the region. The
results are striking. For
the first time in the
history of Iraq, the
Kurdish region is
prosperous, quiet and
safe. Meanwhile, Iraq's
Arab region is
miserable, in a state of
Uncertainty and
turmoil.

"In spite of countless
administrative
obstacles raised by the
then government in
Baghdad and in spite of
the. UN bureaucracy,
we were able


rehabilitate and rebuild
our infrastructure",
says Sami Abder
Rahman, Deputy Prime
Minister of the Erbil
government (KDP).
"We rebuilt hundreds of
schools and hundreds
of kilometers of roads,
we rehabilitated
hospitals and we have
also reforested
Kurdistan. Up until
1995 there was nothing
in Kurdistan. We have
proved that the Kurds
are not bad rulers."

But Sami Abder
Rahman is the first to
acknowledge that the
situation remains
"precarious". .For many
years the symbol of the
Kurdish prosperity, the
"Swiss dinar" will be
removed from
circulation on -15
January and replaced
by the "new dinar" at an
exchange rate imposed
by the Americans, (150
new dinars for one
Swiss dinar, instead of
the current 200 or 250).
And the "business
people" who made
fortunes in smuggling
are technically now out
of business since the
borders were opened
and the Americans
abolished all customs
duties. Even, Haji
Mashoud, the owner of


the Mazi Supermarket,
acknowledges that the
rules of business have
changed since the fall
of Saddam Hussein's
regime, the
reunification of Iraq
and the opening of the
borders. "Anybody can
go to Turkey and bring
back goods for his
small shop; it is not
good for big shops-like
mine." Haji Mashoud,
who invested about
$5m in his
supermarket, reckons
he must now invest in
new activities in order
to keep pace with
development. In
addition to building a
new 3000 sq meter
shopping center, he will
also be investigating
the potential of tourism,
he confirms.

At the other end of
Kurdistan, in
Suleimania---often
called the intellectual
capital of Kurdistan---
Hiwa Rauf, a Kurdish
businessman working
in telecommunications,
is optimistic: "We
Kurds, have for 12
years been the victims
of a double embargo",
he observes, "the UN
embargo and Saddam
Hussein's embargo.

continued on page 24


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Page 24 TIlE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Iraqi
Kurdistan
continued from pg 23

But throughout this
time we worked
towards developing a
modern and liberal
economic system.
While Saddam Hussein
was investing all the oil
money in his palaces
and in weapons, the
Iraqi people were left
with "photocopy
dinars", banknotes
without any value. A
few months ago, a
worker was paid 40
dinars a day (E 3) in
Kurdistan. Now we
cannot find one for less
than 90 dinars (about E
7). The time for real
business has come."
Indeed, Faruk Mullah
Mustafa, chairman of
Asia-Cell Company, is
planning to invest
$200m in the next
months to set up a
mobile telephone
network in Kirkuk and
Suleimania and Mosul
governorates, in
partnership with a
Kuwaiti company.


In his office


Coordinator for
Economic Affairs in
Prime Minister Berham
Saleh's cabinet, Aso
Ismael can hardly cope
with the speed of
events. His desk is
littered with
reconstruction projects.
Visitors jostle in his
office and queue in the
corridor. And Aso
Ismael speaks
enthusiastically of a
$1bn development plan
for the Suleimania
region over the next
two years (2004 -
2005). "We are going
to build factories, an
airport and a railway
between here and
Kirkuk", says Aso
Ismael. This huge
amount of money,
provided by the
Coalition Provisional
Authority (CPA), will
allow the Kurds to
rebuild infrastructures
ruined by decades of
neglect.

How long will this
prosperity going to
last? There is
uncertainty. For Sami
Aber Rahman.
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if we get our fair share
of the oil money in the
future. No doubt, the
people in Baghdad will
try giving us as little as
possible. We have had
previous bad
experiences", but for
the Kurds, the key issue
is the political status of
the Kurdish region
inside Iraq. And they
will not accept
anything less than
federalism.


The problem
while most


is that
Iraqi


political trends have
accepted the idea of
federalism, there are
presently at least' three
different doctrines of
federalism. Some
people advocate a
federation of the 18
wilayet (governorates
or provinces)
constituting the Iraqi
republic. Others put
forward a
"geographical"
federation based on
three regions: the South
(mainly Shi'a), the
Center (mainly Sunni),
and the North (the
Kurdish region, and
Mosul). Finally, the
Kurds advocate a


federation of "nations",
based on a partnership
between an Arab region
and a Kurdish region.

The Americans seem
to favor the wilayet
federation, which has
the advantage of being
similar to the US
system and would
preserve the unity of
Iraq. The Americans
do not admit to it, but
this system also has
added advantage of
diluting the Shi'a
religious and the
Kurdish ethnic factors.
The Kurds could
eventually accept the
geographical solution,
although the inclusion
of Mosul---the
heartland of Arab
nationalism---in their
region, could create
many problems. But
they reject
categorically the
wilayet federalism. "It
is a kind of
decentralization, it
would mean going back
to the Baath concept",
says Nechirvan
Barzani, Prime
Minister of the Erbil
continued on page 25


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Page 25 .... -. -- Tilt SvYkAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
i


Iraqi
Kurdistan
continued from pg 24
(KDP) government,
adding: "We have a
young generation
asking us: "Why don't
we have independence?
'Why did you join the
Interim Governing
Council?' They do not
see themselves as
smaller or less
important people, we
have a different
language, and we have
a different music. But
the Kurds must share
the land of Iraq. The
Kurdish question is
bigger than the
presence of four or five
ministers in Baghdad.
For us federalism is a
voluntary union."

What the Kurds want is
very clear. It is a region


called "Kurdistan"---
They insist on the
word, and reject the
Northern region" -used
by US officials. This
region should include
all the regions
inhabited by a majority
of Kurds, including
Kirkuk, Sinjar and
Khanakin, which were
Arabised by the Baath
and previous regimes.
And, they insist, it
should have its own
political institutions, a
government and a
parliament.

Ambassador William
Eagleton ranks among
Paul Bremer's advisers
who have the broadest
knowledge of -the
Middle East and of the
Kurds. When Hama
Haji Mahmud, leader of
the Kurdish Socialist
..Democrat Party, a small


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Kurdish party based in
the Suleimania region,
complained .that the
Americans did not want
to reunify Kurdistan by
incorporating the
regions annexed by the
Baath, Ambassador
Eagleton quipped: "We
will see when the
governments of Erbil
and Suleimania are
reunified". It is an easy
way to throw the ball
back in the Kurds court.
But it confirms the
suspicions of those, like
Chowkat Cheikh
Yezdin, Minister of
State in Erbil, who
"fear the Americans
will once again let
down the Kurds, as in
the 1970s, and that
there is something
ominous behind their
strategy.".


At Five in the
Afternoon
continued from pg 17
atmosphere of relative
freedom a 20 year-o.ld
woman, Nogreh, attends a
local school nurturing a
dream of one day
becoming Afghanistan's
first female head of state.
But despite the film's
playful opening, this is
not a portrait of a country
joyfully embracing its
newly found freedom but
rather a fairly bleak look
at hopes dashed and
dreams shattered.
In an interview with The
Middle' East, Samira
Makhmalbaf commented
on the gulf between
media images and the
reality for most people
living in the country
today. "Several years ago
Americans made a movie
Rambo III which could
have been called Rambo
in. Afghanistan. The
continued on page 26


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Page 26 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004

CALIFORNIA


At Five in the Afternoon
continued from pg 25


pictures that the world
media and the American
media broadcast on
Afghanistan and Iraq told
nothing but the same
story. When an Iraqi
filmmaker presents a
work on what went on in
Iraq over the past three
decades, then I will be
able to understand what
kind of place Iraq is and
has been and what it
meant to live as an Iraqi."

The country which is
shown in Makhmalbafs
film is one with an
infrastructure totally
destroyed by war, a place
where living in the ruins
of an abandoned building
is seen as a luxury. A land
also struggling to contain


the thousands of refugees
fleeing the continuing
conflict on the
Afghan/Pakistan border.
It is in this strange,
turbulent atmosphere that
Nogreh tries to forge a
new life. She walks to
school daily, secretly
wearing white high heels,
with her burga lifted
exposing her made -up
face. Her father
meanwhile wanders the
city staring with disbelief
at the unveiled girls'
faces, fearing his country
has slipped into the grip
of some lawless,
freewheeling hell. When
he sees a woman
unveiled, he quickly turns
his back and begs God's
forgiveness for his


transgressions. By
contrast, at school
Nogreh is educated by a
caring intelligent woman
who teaches girls that
their personal ambitions
are attainable.

A lively debate ensues
among the young students
when Nogreh confides
her dream, -to become
Afghanistan's first female
president. In one of the
best scenes in the film,
Afghan girls debate the
possibility of women
ruling their land. Many
are skeptical believing
leadership is something
beyond the capabilities of
a woman. But as one
feisty 13 year-old points
out, it was men who
brought them the Taliban,
men who help to destroy
the country .-and
ultimately men who
created a government
which cost the lives of
many thousands of
people, including both
her own father and uncle.
She reasons that since


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such an awful mess, it is
hardly likely. women
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It is simply
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Nogreh's walk home
this same bright, funny,
feisty teenager is blown
up by a bomb, a bomb
intended to stop newly
"liberated" Afghan girls
front attending school.

The precarious position
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(continued on page 27)


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Page 27 -THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2004
CALIFORNIA

At Five in the Afternoon have already decided for Lorca; a eulogy to one of
d f p 2 him and they in turn have Spain's most celebrated -
continued from pg 26 been marked by still matadors, gored to death "
is highly critical of like Nogreh's father, earlier generations. If he
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