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The Syrian Lebanese star ( June 1, 2003 )

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 Maryland/Virginia
 Maryland/Virginia/Washington
 Alabama/Mississippi
 Louisiana/Texas
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 Recommeded Businesses
UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities LSTA SLAF
MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
June 1, 2003
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00016

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
June 1, 2003
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00016

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
    Florida 1
        page 4
    Florida 2
        page 5
    Georgia
        page 6
    Georgia/South Carolina
        page 7
    North Carolina 1
        page 8
    North Carolina 2
        page 9
    North Carolina/Tennessee
        page 10
    Tennessee
        page 11
    Maryland/Virginia
        page 12
    Maryland/Virginia/Washington
        page 13
    Alabama/Mississippi
        page 14
    Louisiana/Texas
        page 15
    Texas
        page 16
    Arizona/Colorado
        page 17
    California 1
        page 18
    California 2
        page 19
    California 3
        page 20
    California 4
        page 21
    California 5
        page 22
    California 6
        page 23
    Recommeded Businesses
        page 24
Full Text

U U


$15.00 SUBSCRI]


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY
SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 40 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
ESTABLISHED IN 1963


PT.IqN


www.syrianlebanesestar.'com


XXXX #4 JUNE 2003


A Whole Lot of Lovin' Goin' On


Donald and Anne Welsh plan to bequeath their estate to St Jude
They are pictured with Terre Thomas, daughter of St. Jude founder
danny Thomas, and st. Jude patients (from left) Brenan Rodgers
and Nikki Orrell.


By Alicia H. Matthews
E lvis fans find much
more than music in
Memphis
Twenty-five years .ago,
Donald and Anne Welsh
of Drums, Pennsylvania,


traveled to Memphis in
search of a rock 'n' roll
legend. In the process,
they found- a- %orIld-,
renowned hospital.
The Welshes came to.

(continued on page 11


All Roads Lead To Atlanta


Lebanon:
Rebels, Arafat
loyalists clash;
5 killed
SIDON- Guerrillas
loyal to Palestinian leader
Yasser Arafat clashed
with militants in
Lebanon's largest
Palestinian refugee camp
(continued on page 6)
First phase
of UAE
e-government
project underway
The UAE Ministry of
Finance and IBM Middle
east has signed a contract
for the implementation of
the first 'phase of the
federal e-government
project. IBM will be
responsible for evaluating
the readiness of various
ministries for -the
introduction and
implementation of e-
Governmeht services.


France's First
TV Channel
Devoted To The
Country's
Young Muslims
Beur-TV has begun
broadcasting on the Hot
Bird satellite that belongs
to Eutelsat. Beur is the

(continued on page 6)
E-commerce
adoption in
Morocco
growing at a
healthy rate
Debit and credit cards in
Morocco grew. by 30%
during 2002 to ext
1.3m. Expected gro\%th in
2003 will be around 25%
and will positively
contribute to the e-
commerce landscape -in
the market. Nonetheless,
low Internet and PC
penetration remain major
impediments.


Broadcasting The Mission
ll1


I


Heir Time
Lebanon's Prime Minister made
billions rebuilding the Middle East.
Now his son runs the show-- and is
taking it in a very different direction.
CONSTRUC-
TION IS GOING
TO BE BIG
BUSINESS IN
THE Middle
East for years to
come. And in this
business few can
rival a $3 billion
(sales) Riyadh,
Saudi Arabia-
based construc-
tion conglomer-
ate called Saudi J
Oger. Along with
the, Bin Laden Group, Oger. has built man3 of that
kingdom's roads, hospitals and palaces over the last
(continued on page 7
Turkey Between Iraq
And A Hard Place
l*-fl 2 .. .'- 1 "'-"
L,,.-


Anyone who attended last
year knows how .much
fun -we all had in
Jacksonville. The Atlanta


(continued on page 6)
The Same But Different Women
In The Beauty Salon
THREE FACES OF BEAUTY:
CASABLANCA, PARIS CAIRO
By Susan Ossman
Duke University Press
BYANDREA ESA SHALAL
S Using a series of linked compar-
isons to unravel the way notions
St of beauty are constructed in three
cities, Casablanca, Paris, and
Cairo, Susan Ossman has taken a
-. ". ". ........ to ntinnpd nn naop' 1


k welcomed into
office last
VT November by
a wave of approval that
rippled from the financial
markets to the city ghet-
tos, Turkey's ruling party
has since seen more than
~its fair share of slings and
.. -,arrows.

Danny Thomas and Ron Seggi Accused of inexperience
by.Ron Seggi at best and incompetence
Like most children growing up in the 1950's television at worst, the run-up to
played an important role in my life. One of my favorite war in Iraq left it with few
S.(continied on nage 13) (continued on vage I4)


U


Continue the excite-
ment and energy at This
Summer's Federation
Convention which will be
held l July -6th in Atlanta


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Page 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003


Delaney 2nd in Command-
Mousa To Stay With Peyton












oa i introduced a mayorelect John Peytons
ousa (L) is introduced as mayor-elect John Peyton's


chief operating officer.
Jacksonville's Mayor-
elect John Peyton
yesterday tapped, a
stalwart public servant to
assist in his upcoming
administration and the
man he defeated in the
May 13 election to help
shape his next four years
in office.
Peyton selected Sam
Mousa, who serves as
second-in-command
under Mayor John
Delaney, to serve as the
city's chief operating offi-
cer when Peyton takes


office July 1.
While Mousa's title will
change from chief admin-
istrative officer under
Delaney, his role in gov-
ernment will remain pret-
ty much the same. He'll
run the day-to-day opera-
tions of City Hall, plus
continue overseeing the
implementation of the
$2.2 billion Better
Jacksonville Plan, which
includes a new main
library, arefia, courthouse
and road repairs.
(continued on page 6)


Eu

aroundd the Io0b*" Ma



T he Lebanese
Emigration
Research
Center (LERC) is the
new academic initiative
of Notre Dame
University (NDU). The
Center's creation is a
direct reason of a inter-
est. The Center's objec-
tive is to encourage
interdisciplinary aca-
demic research in the
field and related fields
of "the Lebanese emi-
gration". The Center's
creation will be formal-
ly announced at NDU
in Zouk Mosbeh,
Kesrawan, in


The Lebanese
migration Research
Center (LERC)
jor Academic Initiative at
otre Dame University,
Lebanon

November 2003, dur-
ing a one-day confer-
ence on sources of
information for
research on emigration.


Major
Initiative


Academic


There are hundreds,
perhaps thousands, of
emigration centers
across the world. The
attention now being
given to the question is
understandable,
because emigration,
particularly in the last
two centuries, has
altered the character of
many as this subject is
to others, it is of partic-
ular importance to us,
who are Lebanese
either by nationality or
by descent. Lebanese,
like other people from
the Mediterranean


(continued on page 9)


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Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003


Are You On The Right Train
Heading To Heaven?


Antioch Celebrates St. Peter


Politeness


It happened that a man
took a train from
Washington to Miami,
Florida, to see his family
before they left the coun-
try. Every once in a while
he would get up and look
out the window. He saw
mountains that he had
never seen before, but he
went back to his seat
without asking anyone.
After a few hours the con-
ductor came through ask-
ing for tickets. Looking
at the man's ticket, he said
to him, "Sir, you are on
the wrong train. Your
ticket is to Miami,
Florida, and we are near-
ing Chicago." In a panic,
the man asked, "What
should I do? My family
will leave America in one
hour and I must see
them." Too many times,
because of our negli-
gence, we fall into big
problems. The Bible says
there is a way that seems
right to man, but the end
thereof is the way of
death.


I )


Rev. Fred Massabni
In these days there are
many like this man. They
hear preachers' warnings
about the dangers that lie
before them, but they still
refuse to listen to the
voice of God. They con-
tinue to live according to
their own traditions, satis-
fied, not knowing that
they are on the wrong
way in life and facing
great judgment.
As I was a station master
on the railroad in Syria, I
had a switch man. His
job was to direct the
trains according to their
destination. Of course
the passengers don't
notice this operation. In


(continued on page 17)

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Biblical Antioch, the city
in ancient Syria where
"for the first time the dis-
ciples were called
Christians," is now
known as Antakya and
rests in modern Turkey.
Today in Antakya a small
minority of Christians is
concentrated in the heart
of the old city. At least
once a year they are the
center of attraction when
they plan a great celebra-
tion at the Grotto of St.
Peter.
The celebration is so spe-
cial on the feast of Saints,
Peter and Paul, June 29,
that the Islamic world
cannot ignore it. The
Muslims know little
about St. Peter and the
role he played in the early
history of Christianity.
However, they do know
that in the cave named for,
him and which attracts
people from all over the
world there is found
"good-luck" water which
has curative powers. This
draws the Muslims as
well as the Christians to
the shrine for-the celebra-
tions on the feast of


By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
Saints Peter and Paul.
Large numbers fill the
shrine and light candles
before entering to take the
water.
Usually Mass is offered
in the evening, and a spe-
cially prepared Liturgy of
the Word is celebrated for
the Muslims in the mom-
ing. The vali (mayor) of
the city attends, accompa-
nied by civic dignitaries,
who are greeted by the
apostolic nuncio, the
archbishop, priests and
professors.
In the ceremony prepared
for the Muslims the
National anthem is surig,
(continued on page 17)


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Sheriff

Thank you to ALL my

Syrian & Arabic friends

for your support.
.._P.4lPoI Ad paid for and approved by John Rutherford. (R)


A natural smiling face is
an Angelic face. It also
reflects that the person
takes the things easy and
approaches politely
towards the many chal-
lenges of life.
A natural smile on one's
face positively affects the
eyes of the beholders.
Smile adds beauty to the
face of the person who is
smiling. A woman looks
more beautiful and a man
appears to be more hand-
some.
A smile to one's face does
the same thing as the sun
which brightens the
whole world with its sun-
shine. A smile reflects
politeness and cheerful-
ness which takes over the
depression and gloomi-
ness. Life then becomes
more joyful even in the
darkest hour of one's
daily routine.
Politeness, cheerfulness,
courtesy and kirid words'
extended to others makes


By Dr. Qazi Muhammad
Barkatullah
one's life .peaceful as
well. It, however, costs
nothing to smile. But the
smile brings rewards in
abundance.
The Arabic word 'Rifq' is
translated in English as
'Politeness'. It can also be
translated as 'cheerful-
ness', 'courtesy' and 'a
good word'.
Needless to say that 'Rifq'
is a moral quality, if
adopted deliberately and
intentionally. The root
cause from where the
moral quality emerges is
termed as 'Talaqat'-
Arabic. Talaqat is a trait
and Rifq is a moral quali-
ty that emerges only

(continued on page 17)


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Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003 |

FLORIDA" 1


Scholarship Dinner
Hands Out $5,000 and.
Draws Southern Federation
Vice President To The Desert-







Left to right: Angela Herro, Theresa Herro, Mark A. Davis,
Lindsey Reavie, Elise Herro, Henry Salem, Jerry Salem,
John Haddad, Nick Salem, Ranie Salibi, Marja Salibi


The Cedars Club of
arizona held its Fourth
annual scholarship
Dinner on Saturday at the
club's banquet facility.
The delightful evening
chaired by Nick Davis
with the help of Marie
Herro and John Haddad,
began with the
scrumptious cooking of
Frank Ziede and his
"Harem". Following
dinner we were thrilled
with four spectacular
guests speakers: Eddie
basha of Basha
Supermarket and 1994
Arizona Gubernatorial
Candidate, Dr. camile
Romley-Casteel, Ed.D.
Superintendent of School
for Chandler, AZ., Dr.
Deborah Duval, Ed.D.


Superintendent of School
for Mesa, AZ., and Dr.
james Moises, our
Southern Federation Vice
President. The focal point
of the evening was when
a $5000.00 Scholarship
Award was shared with
kara Pena, Nick Skaff,
Danielle Hernandez,
daniel Hakimeh, and
Jessica Reichling. The
evening concluded with
rings of debkie circles
and wonderful warm
'memories. Special thanks
to Dr. James Moises,
whose brief trip to
Phoenix and first speech
as Vice President meant
more to our community
han he can ever imagine.
Written by Mark Davis,
State Vice President


KENTUCKY
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Salaam Club of
Tulsa,
Oklahoma
The Salaam Club of
Tulsa, Oklahoma held its
first event for the 2002-
2003 year as a family:
picnic on Saturday, June
8, 2002. Elm Creek Park
in Owasso, OK was the
site for a Picnic enjoyed
by those in attendance.
Club members cooked
and served hotdogs,
hamburger and other
typical picnic fare to
about 75 who were
present. We were honored
to have Miss Sharon
Benson as our guest at
this event. Miss Benson
installed the 2002-2003
club officers.
Newly elected officers
installed at the picnic
were Aida Hatter,
President; .. Youssef
Bechara, Vice-President;
Betty Boustantm, Treasurer
Fred Naifeh, Secretary.
(continued on page 11)


Ft. Smith
Arkansas Death
Mike Albert


MIKE ALBERT, 85, of
Fort Smith died Tuesday,
April 15, 2003, in Fort
Smith. He was a member
of Saints George and
Alexandra Orthodox
Church in Fort Smith,
served in the Army and
World War II. He was
preceded in death by is
parents, Thomas and
Sophia Albert. Mike's
parents were from A-
Bayda, Masyat, Syria.
Services were held at
(continued on page 11)


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Page 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

FLORIDA 2


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address-
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year

Scholarship Recipients


ASHTON MANSOUR
Dr. & Mrs. Alfred Mansour, Jr.
Syra-Meric Club
Texas A&M University
Dr. F.H. Johary Memorial
Scholarship


LESLIE MOSES
Mr. & Mrs. Charles Moses
Good Fellowship Club
Tulane University .
Hamra-Homra Club Scholarship
Southern Federal Membership
Scholarship


LINDSAY THUM
Mr. & Mrs. Denny Thum RYAN WHITEMAN
American Syrian Lebanese Mr. & Mrs. Ben Whiteman
Dirct Member


Loyola University-New
Orleans
Birthplace of the Southern
Federation Scholarship


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South Campus
St. Jude's On The Bay Scholarship


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Dr. Donald & Norma Hanna
Scholarship









KATHLEEN
WILLIAMS
Mr. & Mrs. Wendell Williams
Salaam Club of Florida
Florida State University
Bank Audi Scholarship


EDMOND KHOURI,
age 71 years old joined
the land of the Lord
while he was on a
special trip to Lebanon
attending his mother in
law funeral. The
funeral services were
held on July 21 St with
Rev. Habeeb Badr
officiating.

Edmond was born in a
Lebanese. village
named Ainab in the
Chouf area in 1931. He
came to the United
States in 1956 as a
student and graduated
from the Milwaukee
School of Engineering
in 1961 with a B.S. in
Electrical Engineering.
His 41 career years
were a triad in three
fields: (1).Management
(continued on page 19)


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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

GEORGIA


All Roads Lead to Atlanta
(continued on from page 1)


Committee promises to
build on the Jacksonville
Convention's great suc-
cess. We will be featur-
ing Nabil Tohme and
Sahar who kept us danc-
ing all night last year.
They have had plenty of
rest and are ready to go.
Bobby T. Tanory will take
a break from his TV show
to keep us dancing.
As anyone knows who
travels, to go anywhere in
this country by air you
have to go through
Atlanta. It's the easiest
and least expensive place
in the U.S. to fly. Six
interstate .highways go
through Georgia and you


can even take the train.
We have got great hotel
rates. So you have no
excuse not to continue the
excitement and make new
memories.
In addition to special
exciting events everyday
for children, youth and
singles we will be featur-
ing wonderful cultural
presentations. Also, hos-
pitality is always the key
in Georgia.
There is so much to see
and do in Atlanta. Stone
Mountain, Six Flags over
Georgia, White Water,
CNN, The Carter Center,
at least three Gone With
The Wind Museums and


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with the city in 1987
under former Mayor
Tommy Hazouri. Since
then, he's served as a city
administrative officer
before his 2000 promo-
tion to his current posi-
tion.
Peyton also introduced
the members of his


Transition Sterring
Committee yesterday,
which includes J.C.
Demetree Jr., president of
the real: estate develop-
ment and management
company Demetree
Brothers Inc.
The naming of Mousa is
the start of a structural
change in city govern-
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World of Coca Cola are
among the places and
sites that you could visit
while at the convention.
Several .of these will be
on the agenda.
We know we will see
you in Baton Rouge and
then it's on to Atlanta.
Look for all the informa-
tion in the next Bulletin
and in flyers that you will
be receiving very soon.
Rebels, Arafat
loyalists clash;
(continued on from page 1)
yesterday. Five people
were killed, witnesses
and Palestinian officials
said.
The violence, the worst in
a year at the Eini el-
Hilweh camp, wounded
at least 15 people.
Lebanese photographer
Mahmoud Zayyat, with
the French news agency
France-Presse, and a local
newspaper reporter were
slightly injured.
Witnesses and Palestinian
officials in the camp said
the fighting involved
guerrillas of Arafat's
Fatah movement and
gunmen from: the
extremist I Islamist al-
Nour group, a bread-


France's First TV
Channel
(continued on from page 1)

generic term used by the
French -to refer to young
French Muslims of the
second and third genera-
tion, whose parents or
grandparents emigrated
from North Africa. Called
also The Mediterranean
channel Beur-TV is start-
ing operation with a 5m
($5.5m) annual budget,
and should see its size -
and its modest pro-
gramme schedule-
increase significantly
with the arrival of new
shareholders. For the
moment, it is broadcast
by satellite not only into
France, but also into
Europe and the Maghreb
countries of Algeria,
Morocco and Tunisia. It
is also being carried,-
within France, on the TPS
satellite TV channel, as
well as the cable net-
works operated by Noos
and France Telecom.
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(continued on from page 2)


I


IaI re1 I aL.CI. U/r,






Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

GEORGIA / SOUTH CAROLINA


Heir Time
(continued from pagel)
two decades. And few
businesses are better
placed: Founder Rafik
Hariri is prime minister of
Lebanon and a confidant
of Saudi royalty and
French President Jacques
Chirac. He is also adept at
cutting his piece- of the
pie. Over the last dozen
years Hariri has made an
estimated $100 million
putting Beirut back
together again-with a
government mandate he
himself devised.
His son Saad, 32, now
runs Oger. What are his
plans for postSaddam
Iraq? He has none. Saad
is too busy striking tele-
com deals in eastern
Europe and sub-Saharan
Africa, diversifying Oger
t into high-growth, high-
risk sectors. If Beirut is
casting about for a more
cosmopolitan image in
commerce, it is wearing
the young face of Saad
Hariri.
Father and son make con--
trasting portraits. At 59
Rafik is a burly, bushy-
browed giant who has,
when expedient, stood up
to both Israel and Syria,
Lebanon's patron. In busi-
ness he built a reputation
for getting things done-
during the 2000 election,
his critics, including
Beirut's state-owned TV,
compared him with a


Mafia don. While he is
proud of his humble
roots-his parents t were
poor Lebanese farmers-
Rafik has leveraged his
Saudi ties to become a
kingpin of Lebanon.
Those ties were cemented
in 1978, after he became
the preferred vendor of
Saudi King Fahd by
building the $150 million
Taif Intercontinental
Hotel for an Islamic con-
ference in a speedy eight
months; Fahd handed him
hefty airport, bridge and
hospital contracts soon
after. Today the Hariris
are worth $3.8 billion-
22% of the nation's GDP.
Ponytailed and bearded,
Saad has piloted a very
"different course from his
.dad's. Born in Saudi
Arabia, he grew up in
spacious homes, traveling
on private jets and in the
company of bodyguards.
His passions are scuba
diving and art collecting.
But he's hardly a spoiled
kid. In 1992, when Rafik
first won election as PM,
Saad, a recent graduate
from Georgetown
University with a degree
in business management,
stepped into Oger. He
spent two years learning
jobs, from handling sub-
contractors to acting as
foreman on construction
sites.
And learning what need-
ed changing. Dissatisfied
that Oger's board budget-


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he requested 500, Saad
waited until the vice pres-
ident in charge, left for
vacation and bought the
remaining 475 machines.
He also led the computer-
ization of the Overseas
De velopment
Establishment, the inter-
national freight-forward-
ing arm of Oger. That
division's revenues have
since grown 10% annually.
"Business is different
than it was a decade ago,
when my father was in
charge," Saad explains,
drawing on a Cuban
cigar.
"Having partners was- a
no-no. People were
always scared of the
unknown. But when I
took over I saw we need-
ed to change to stay com-
petitive. And why should
we take all the risk?"
He's tried to spread some
of it. In-February 2001
Saad paid $10 mil-
lion for South Africa's
third GSM license,
invested a further $400
million and'then plunged
in with a consortium of
black-owried investment
firms to launch mobile-
phone service in that
country. He partnered
with British investors and


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what they once were.
Saudi Arabia's GDP
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2000 to 1.5% in 2002,
and with domestic debt of
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with a state-owned firm).
Then there are geopoliti-
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in Iraq, Saad, with his
Saudi based company,
doesn't expect to get
much business.

(continued on page 8)


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Page 8 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

NORTH CAROLINA 1


Heir Time
(continued from page 7)
The soft-spoken Saad
may keep a low profile,
but he's a tenacious play-
er-as Qualcomm can
attest. During the telecom
boom, the San Diego-
based wireless company
relentlessly pursued
undervalued mobile spec-
trums in Europe and else-
where with a general rule:
Take small stakes, usually
20% or less. Under that
condition, it green-lighted
a $200 million commit-
ment for Inquam, a
British investment vehi-
cle about to snatch
Romanian provider
Telemobil. Inquam's
other investor was an
Oger-affiliated invest-
ment fund headed by
Saad Hariri. Protracted
negotiations lasted six
months between the two
parties until late 2000,
long enough to scare off a
pack of eager venture
capitalists courting
Inquam.
Qualcomm wound up


with 42% of Inquam, far
more than it wanted, as
well as its first Saudi part-
ner. Saad worked with
Qualcomm's lawyers,
making clear he was not
interested in hijacking
Qualcomm's stake or
wresting control of
Inquam. "The fact that
they had political strength
in other places mattered
to us," says David Vigil,
vice president of business
development at
Qualcomm. "He took a
hands-on approach from
the beginning and hired
very capable people to
help manage this invest-
ment."
All of which is no guaran-
tee of profits. Even
though Zapp subscribers
are rising quickly, from
70,000 in 2002 to an esti-
mated 170,000 by the end
of 2003, Qualcomm has
so far lost $87 m iDion
and warned in the fourth
quarter of 2002 that its
investment may be hurt if
Inquam doesn't soon get a
badly needed $195 mil-
lion infusion.


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There's bleeding, too, at
Cell C, the South African
mobile phone service of
which Oger is majority
shareholder. A bitter and
drawn-out legal battle'
between Cell C and the
losing bidder, Nextcom,
ended in a settlement in
which Cell C reportedly
paid Nextcom $10 mil-
lion. The out-of-court
agreement prevented a
Johannesburg court from'
ruling on e whether Oger
won the license as a
result of.political connec-
tions. Saad denies break-
ing the rules. "Whenever
you have a prime minister
as a father and you are a
businessman, the media
comes up and raises sus-
picion about every move
you make," he says. "I
still haven't ~ made a
dime on Cell C.
Not that it's stopped him.
Saad wants to add to the
$1.2 billion he's already
invested in telecom and is
negotiating to buy 26% of
the Pakistan Tele phone
Co., which comprises the
fxed-line, GSM and


Internet divisions.
Cellular licenses in Egypt
and Iran, he thinks, are
worth bidding on.
Will Dad return from poli
tics to help run the com-
pany? Not anytime soon.
"I haven't consulted with
my father in almost two
years on a single transac-
tion," says Saad. Still,
Lebanon is starting the
process of privatizing its
telecommunications sec-
tor, which should net $4
billion. Saad insists he
isn't looking for any
favors; Rafk has told
associates, according to
Richard Murphy, the for-
mer U.S. ambassador to
Syria, that bidding for
licenses "should be open
and free of cronyism."
Father and son recently
got together in Paris,
where the elder Hariri
underwent laser sur-
gery for kidney stones. "I
wanted to be here for
this," says Saad. "I can't
imagine my life without
my father in it.


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-Page 9 THESYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR -- June 2003

NORTH CAROLINA
v ,


The Same Butf
Different Women.
In The Beauty,,
Salon
(continued from page 1)

daring look into the no%%
early universal institu-
tion of the beauty salont'
Ossman does not aim to
paint a comprehensive
picture of any specific
place or culture, but.
rather to illustrate how
globalization interacts
with local, national, eth-
nic, and gender-based
concerns, allowing
women to: create their
own particular and dis-
tinctive styles.
Ossman draws on hun-'
dreds of interviews and.
sacrifices her own hair on
numerous Occasions to
research this unexpected
look into the hearts and
minds of women in three
distinct cities who find
tlieniselves tied together
b> some common notions
of beauty. Ossman also
shows that the styles that
evolve are geographical-
ly, sociologically, and
economically specific.
The reader is treated to a
brief study of the ham--
mam, more commonly
associated with ethno-
graphic studies of Arabic
culture, and their comple-
mentary nature is under-


scored. .-She -insists that
b..eauty salons constitute a
serious subject of study
despite their relative
absence in postmodern.
ethnographic discourses
to date. Salons are open
places where bodies can-
not but be 'en-lightened";
they are lively spaces of
social interaction,
Ossman concludes. For
some women, salons'
offer protection, solace,
and even forums for soli-
darity.
"Salons," she writes,
"contribute- to the tapes-.
tries that stretch between
cities- and mix local
color.. ..But the bodies
they form.....are diverse
in ways we might com-
pare to a butterfly woven,.
embroidered, or
embossed on a single bolt
of cloth." Instead of set-
ting up hierarchies for
different beauties or
measuring their proximi-
ty to centers of fashion,
Ossman shows ways to
examine the kind of soci-
ety and the ways that
intert ining contexts of
media, modernity, loca-
tion, time, postcolonial-
ism, and male expectation
shape
beauty in the precisely-
defined spaces of salons.,
Ossman is conscious of
the postmodern impera-


tive to6 avoid universaliz-
ing the human experience
and the resulting tenden-
cy within acadenia 'to'
focus on one particular
figure who can illuminate
the workings .of power.
She hungers for an expla-
nation why so many peo-
ple in so many places te
living with a shared body-
-evidence she gathered in
the far-flung cities of her
study. She concludes that
working through notions
of beauty and their differ-
ent faces is interesting
because they are so inti-
mately involved in issues
of value of all kinds.
"Making up each and
every face involves
processes that reaffirm or
challenge the eyes that
are authoritative and radi-
ant, powerful, or
right.'.And so aesthetic
treatments and the value
of our looks are intimate-
ly linked not just across
geographical spaces,
.from cirt to cit s.: but t6
how %\e can imagine who
we are in these worlds
and where we might go."
Ethnographers must try to
find balance without
locating the truth in the
representative eye and
must be attentive to how
difference works to create
sameness. Ossman here
proves that beauty salons
are a perfect place to start.


LERC
(continued from page2) .
basifi began *their
recent migration in the
middle of the nine-
teenth century, heading
toward North America,
Central and South
America, Europe,
Africa and Australia.

There were many
'pushing' and 'pulling'
factors that propelled
the Lebanese emigra-
tion- movement, a
movement that left its
tangible marks both on
Lebanon and on the
host countries.

We believe that the cre-
ation of the Lebanese
Emigration Research
Center is timely, for it
can be a platform for
research and a catalyst
for the study of the
Lebanese emigration, a
subject that has long
been neglected, partic-
ularly in the Lebanese
academic milieu.

The Center's
Objectives

LERC is a integral part,
(continued on page 10)


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

NORTH CAROLINA / TENNESSEE


Meekness
(continued from page 9)

of NDU and thus- par-
takes of its tripartite
mission: research,
teaching, and service.
It seeks in every man-
ner possible to promote
the multidisciplinary
study of emigration his-
tory. Its main objective
is to promote the study
of historical and con-
temporary migration, to
and from Lebanon,
within a comparative
international frame-
work, using new infor-
mation and communi-
cation technologies.

The creation of this
Center will provide an
innovative and far-
reaching way to
address the emigration


issue past and present.
Research topics
include, but are not lim-
ited to, human diversi-
ty, cultural dialogue,
community adaptation,
environmental under-
standing, globalization,
human rights, ethnicity
and national solidarity.

First Tasks

The Center is undertak-
ing a major project,
namely compiling a
roster of university pro-
fessors of Lebanese lin-
eage. The purpose of
this compilation is: a)
to identify these profes-
sors and their fields of
study; b) to invite them
to participate in related
conferences and
research projects; c) to
invite them to lecture at.


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and Development
Notre Dame University
P 0 Box 72, Zouk
Mosbeh, Kesrawan,
Lebanon
Telephone and
Fax: 011-961-9-
224803
E-mail;
aaihani@ndu.edu.lb



Guita G. Hourani,
Researcher
Lebanese Emigration
Research Center
(LERC)
Notre Dame University
(NDU)
P 0 Box 72, Zouk
Mosbeh, Kesrawan,
Lebanon-
Telephone and
Fax: 011-961-9-
224803
E-mail:
hourani@ndu.edu.lb


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Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

TENNESSEE


A Whole Lot of Lovin'
(continued from page 1


Memphis in 1978 to visit
Elvis Presley's home,
Graceland. As longtime
Elvis fans, they fondly
recall their visit that year
as they tried to locate
Elvis' old school and the
trauma center to which he
donated money. In the
process, they, found St.
Jude Children's Research
Hospital. After reviewing
hospital publications and
learning about the institu-
tions mission, the couple
was impressed.
Today, -the. Welshes are
still Elvis fans and zeal-
ous advocates for the.
work being done at St.
Jude. "You can hear
about the hospital, but
you have to experience
it," Donald says. "To see
the work done at St. Jude
just makes you want to do
more."
"'I don't think there is
another hospital on earth
:that does more", adds
Anne. "The love shows
through in all the employ-
ees. Everyone is so car-
ing. They make you feel


like part of the family."
Several years after that
initial visit, the Welshes
began making monthly
contributions to the hos-
pital. When they decided
it was time to plan their
estate, they picked up the
phone and called St. Jude.
That call led to a meeting
with a St. Jude represen-
tative in their region.
"When we met with the
rep, she did not try to
point us in one direction
or another," Anne says.
"She just listened to what
we had to say, gave us
options and took our
future needs into account.
We. have been pleased
with every aspect of St.
Jude."
Because the Welshes
don't have children, they
chose St. Jude as recipi-
ent of their estate. At
every opportunity, they
try to encourage others to
consider donating to St.
Jude as well.
"The first thing people
want to know is don't we


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gift to 'St. Jude lets me
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wish we had the words to
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To learn more about ways
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Salaam Club of
Tulsa, Oklahoma
(continued from page 4)

Various activities are
being planned and
includes a swimming poll
get-together and a
Christmas party. As a way
of preserving our
heritage, the Salaam Club
of Tulsa, Oklahoma
donates proceeds to the
Southern Federation for a
scholarship in the club's
name as well as local
scholarships.
Submitted by Fre d.'a ei


Mike Albert
(continued from page 4)

Saints George and
Alexandra Orthodox
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with burial at U.S.
National Cemetery in
Fort Smith under the
direction of Fentress
Mortuary of Fort Smith.
He is survived by his
wife, Opal Albert of the
home; two sons, Anthony
Albert of Fort Smith and
Michael Albert and his
wife, Debbie Albert of
Fort Smith; a sister,
Cecelia Brown of
Monessen, Pa.; and three
grandchildren, Ashey,:
Kristie and Anaya Albert,
all of Fort Smith.
Pallbearers were Costa
S k o u 'mrb o u r d is ,
Constanfine Xenos, Steve
McCurdy, Copas
Replogle, Dee Wayne
Garrett, Jason Moore,
Phillip Barros and Ernest
Pruitt.


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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA.

Sultan Qaboos Mosque N As the capital of
Words and Pictures by Rhona Wells Muscat developed
and its educated and
The Qmani ruler, al aspects of prosperous popula-
Sultan Qaboos bin life. tion increased.,
Said, like all wise lead- This integrate Sultan qaboos decid-
ers, attaches great ed approach ed the time had come Old Country Store
ed -approach
importance to his coun- is illustated to build a Grand General Manager Kevin Speer
try's economic and by the fact Mosque which could Serving Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner
social development. th e t ai be a major landmark OLD COUNTRY STORE featuring jams, jellies, dolls,
Over the past threethat sifce the. of Islamic architec- and rocking chairs
O t v e t dawn of the li rFine food, fast service, and reasonable prices
decades he has trans- renaissance ": ture in the historic
renaissance
formed Qman from a cit 106 S. Carter Rd. 1-95 & S.R. 54, Exit 92
sleepy desert backwater p e r i o d 804-798-1542
into the bustling vibrant which began A site was chosen for Ashland, VA
nt t with his the mosque alongside
country it istoday. But accession to .. the. road that links
while creating an
atmoshere where busi- power in Muscat's Seeb inter-
atmosphere where busi-. '1970, Sultan M AT' W AL*ART
S1970, Sultan a m national airport with
ness ultand c ommereos Qaboos has the heart of the capi- SUPERCENTER
thrive, Sultan Qaboos
made provi- tal. Work began on Your One stop shopping Place
has not neglected the s feo tOpen 24 Hours Plc
spiritual and intellectu-sion for the construction of the General Manager Ionna Harrless
al sides of his country's construction mosque in 1995 and WAL-MART SUPERCENTER believes that the one
of a number w was completed in most important thing is customer satisfaction, and
ha of large March 2001, since the friendly, courteous personnel strives to assist
that n order to ensure 4
comnprehensive bal mosques at followed by the con- when it has become a you in every way. People prefer to do business with
danced development his personal expense. struction of several oth- national landmark, them because they furnish quality products at
equal importance must The first Sultan Qaboos ers in other major combining the. very prices they can afford.
be afforded to both the mosque was built in Omani towns and essence of traditional 540-731-3378
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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA / WASHINGTON


Broadcasting The
Mission
(continued from pagel)
programs was Make
Room for Daddy, starring
Danny Thomas. I
remember the day and
time it aired: Mondays at
9 p.m.
When I was 7, I built a lit-
tle radio station in the.
basement of our family's
home. Throughout junior
and senior -high school
and college, I was a disc
jockey at a local radio sta-
tion. When I was 19, I
was asked to serve as
Teenage March captain
for the annual fund drive
for ALSAC, the fund-
raising arm of St. Jude
Children's Research
Hospital. My boss
thought I would be an
excellent choice, since I
was the station's top-rated
disc jockey among the
teen audience. I was hon-
ored by the offer, but I
really knew" little about
the cause.
During the weeks leading
up to the event, I learned
how Danny Thomas had
promised he would build
a shrine to honor St. Jude.
I was told Elvis had
donated a yacht, once
owned by President
Roosevelt, to the hospital.,
But most important, I
learned that St. Jude was


dedicated to curing chil-
dren stricken with cancer.
Although I was a hot-shot
radio personality with a
fancy sports car and a
"flower power"t
wardrobe, I worked end-
lessly to make that fund
drive succeed.
Afterward, I attended the
national convention in
Cincinnati, Ohio, Danny
Thomas was present.
A photo -was taken to
memorialize my meeting
with Mr. Thomas.
Talking to the man I had
watched on TV was cool.
But having him thank me
fo6 the efforts I had put
forth on behalf of St. Jude
was even better---an
experience I will always
remember. In fact, I
recall the exact words he
said, even though it was
more than 30 years ago.
Throughout my career, I
have kept in mind the
promise that Danny-
Thomas made to St. Jude.
I am not a strongly reli-
gious person; however,
not a day goes by that I do
not pray to St. Jude. The
reason I honor him is
twofold. First, he has
given me strength when I
was tired and forlorn.
But more important, he is
watching over those help-
less, beautiful and pre-
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Thank you, St. Jude and
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story. I hope it will
inspire others to get
involved.
The recipient of two
Grammy nominations,
Ron Seggi has owned
radio stations, an adver-
tising agency and is cur-
rently CEO and president
of a production company
at Universal Studios
Florida. He also pro-
duces a radio show for his
partner, Ed McMahon, In
2003, Seggi will be pro-
ducing and hosting a
weekly national televi-
sion show based on leg-
ends of rock 'n' roll. In
addition, Seggi hosts a
nationally syndicated talk
show, where Marlo
.Thomas recently dis-
cussed her book, The
Right Words at the Right
Time. All proceeds from
th&sale of that book go to
St. Jude.


and


contemporary


Islamic design and
attracting many thou-
sands of worshippers
and fascinated visitors.
The site itself covers
416,000 sq meters with
the mosque podium
covering 40,000 sq
meters. The main
prayer hall has a capac-
ity of over 6600., while
the women's prayer hall
can comfortably
accommodate 750.
The outer sahn (court-
yard) can hold 8000
people and, with addi-
tional, capacity in the
inner sahr' and riwaqs
(arched chambers), the
mosque could accom-
modate 20,000 wor-

(continued on page 16)


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(continued from page 12)


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

ALABAMA /MISSISSIPPI


Turkey
(continued from page 1.)
friends around the world,
and a *battered looking
domestic leadership. Yet
for all that, at home it has
been praised for its demo-
cratic attitude and close
attention to popular senti-
ment. "It may even
be," one commentary in a
leading Turkish newspa-
per put it, "that it has
shown itself to be unlike
any other Turkish party."
But the Justice and
Development Party
(AKP) has certainly never
been run of the mill. Led
by Recip Tayyip Erdogan,
the former mayor of
Istanbul, it managed to
perform the remarkable
political feat of re estab-
lishing broad support for
a party of the pro-Islamist
tradition, following the:
debacle-of the 1997 'soft
coup'. Back theii, the
staunchly secular military.
manoeuvred the AKP's
ancestor, the Welfare.
Party (RP), out of power..
The RP was subsequently-
banned, with the Virtue
Party (FP) then taking up


a similar pro-Islamic
mantle. However, as the
successor to the banned
RP, the FP was itself then
banned, but not before a
split had emerged. Out of
this, the moderate AKP
was established, along
with the traditionalist
Saadet Party (SP), led by
former FP leader Reca.i
Kutan.
Both parties went into the
2002 election, yet only..
one emerged-the AKP,
which swept to power
with a staggering majori-
- ty. Due to a previous con-
viction for political
crimes, Erdogan was
unable to stand in the
elections. In his place,
Abdullah. Gul became
prime minister-to be
Immediately confronted
by a string of major
crises. Deadlines on the
.Cyprus issue and
Turkey's EU membership
bid came up within a mat-
ter of weeks, with both
* requiring the application
of great political and
diplomatic skills. As it
was, Gul and Erdogan--
n ho was acting as a sec-
ond, unofficial prime


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minister-achieved limit-
ed success on the EU
issue, while on Cyprus
there was resounding fail-
ure.
Yet the most global.test of
the new government was
to be its handling of the
Iraqi crisis. In this, the
party exposed itself to%
one of its greatest dan-
gers-the contradiction
between its gut beliefs
and its role as the Turkish
leader. "Since it was
established," columnist
Nuray Mert wrote in" the
liberal daily Radikal .in
mid-March, "the AKP has
been swinging between
its supporters' demands
and what is being pushed.
on them from the out-
side."
US pressure to allow
some G2,000 troops to
transit Turkey on their
way to opening a ,second
front' in Northern Iraq
came with a massive
sweetener a package of
aid officially designed to
offset Turkey's losses
resulting from the war.
The sums involved.
dwarfed even the coun-
try's IMF loan package,


with Economy Minister
Ali Babacan announcing
that some $25-30bn was
on the table. Of this,
$Gbn was in grants, the
remainder in soft loans.
Pressure to accept was
especially heavy from the
markets, which saw the
soft loans in particular as
a way of swapping some
of Turkey's expensive
short term ..debts for
cheaper, long term ones.
At this time, there were
dark rumours that the
country might have prob-
lems rolling over its
debts, with some $93.4bn
to pay off in 2003.
Babacan said this repre-
sented $1,400 for every
Turkish citizen, while for
every 100 Turkish Lira
the government received,
87 Lira went on debt
repayments.
Yet public opinion polls
-continued to show 90-
95% opposition to Turkey
becoming involved in the
war. Among AKP sup-
porters, the percentages
may well have been even
higher.

(contioned on page 15)


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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

-LOUISANA /' TEXAS


Turkey
(continued from page 14)
"Erdogan always said that
these [contradictions]
could be accommodated
under one roof," contin-
ues Mert. "But some-
times, that's simply
impossible. At certain
turning points, there is a
decision to be made."
And Erdogan's decision
was to back a parliamen-
tary resolution allowing
US troops into the coun-
try, the passage of which
would release the US-aid.
However, what happened
next has been a source of
controversy ever since.
"The AKP and the gov-
ernment made a i. series
of mistakes,". says
Mustafa Karaalioglu in
his column for the Yeni
Safak newspaper, often
seen to be close to the
party. "The biggest mis-
take was to let the.
National Security
Council (MGK) become a
factor in the .whole
process. .
The Council is a powerful
body composed of senior
government leaders, the
President and the top gen-
erals. Originally con-
ceived as a mechanism
for the military to issue


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gone significant changes
in recent months.
"The constitutional
changes brought in by the
AKP government have
boosted the civilian repre-
sentation on the council,"
he says. "If the govern-
ment wanted MGK sup-
port for a resolution, it
had the dominant posi-
tion. But this didn't or
couldn't happen."
Many observers see the
lack- of a clear position
from. the MGK and by
extension, from the army
as a factor that left many
AKP deputies feeling
they could vote however
they chose. This appeared
to be reinforced by the
fact there was no three-
line whip on AKP
deputies voting for the
resolution.
In consequence, the reso-
lution failed on 1 March.
The US aid package sub-
sequently vanished too. It
was only after this that
the army f-nally issued a
statement saying it too
supported US troop
deployment.
Many were jubilant that
the resolution had failed,
seeing it as a victory for


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anti-war public opinion.
Yet, "The impression was
created, Karaalioglu says,
"that even though the
right decision had been
taken, it was reached by
chance and political
error."
Another school of
thought says that there
was no error in the mili-
tary's lack of commitment
ahead of the vote. "The
government is not the
only factor in this," an
analyst for Istanbul-based
Bender Securities told
The Middle East. "The
army too has its own
agenua.
It may be that the military
sought to teach Erdogan a
lesson that he would not
be able to get what he
wanted without them.
Whatever the case, the
failure of the resolution
did not immediately spell
the end of efforts to win
US aid. Babacan claimed
in a newspaper interview
soon after the war began
that the government had
told US of ficials it was
ready to make another
attempt at passing the res-


solution, but that the
Americans had already
switched to a 'Plan B' an
invasion of Iraq without
the 'second front'. US
Secretary of State Colin
Powell reportedly told
Babacan that all the US
wanted from then on was
permission: to use Turkish
air space. Haste-or per-
haps overconfidence in-
Washington may there-
fore have been another
decisive-factor in the col-
lapse of the aid deal.
Whether a second attempt
at the resolution would
have worked is question-
able, Fehmi Koru, a lead-
ing commentator for Yeni
,Safak, suggested to The
Middle East after the first
vote that "If they go
ahead with a second
attempt and it passes,
then there is the possibili-
ty of the AKP splitting."
The theory was that
obliging so many party
members to vote against
their consciences-and
against their constituents'
wishes-would simply
have been too much.

(contioned on page 16)'


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Page 16 June 2003


THE S1RIAN-LEBANESE STAR

TEXAS


Turkey
(continued from page 15)' -
With such a threat in
mind, the party leadership,
may have been wise not
to attempt a re-vote.
However, this then
plunged it into further
trouble with the US,
which saw its 'strategic
partner' now failing to
provide even the mini-
mum of strategic support.
A second resolution,
when it did come, simply
gave the US an air corri-
dor over Turkey, though
that too was fraught with
difficulties, as hard bar--
gaining went on over how
much the US would pay
for the privilege, while
US troops proceeded -to
shoot themselves in the
foot by accidentally drop-
ping two Tomahawk
cruise missiles into a field
near the Turkish city of
Sanliurfa.
"The government has
been able to show neither
resistance nor solidarity,".
says Karaalioglu, in the
background, there is now
"a feeling of political fail-
ure". In such circum-
stances, the worry for
many as the war contin-
ued was just who might
step forward in such an"
atmosphere of civilian,
political depression.


Mosque-
(continued from page 13)
-shippers. -
Every architectural ele-
ment of :the interior
combines features of
traditional Islamic arts
and crafts, frequently
in a contemporary
manner. The outer
walls are ornament-
ed with engraved
design, which
include depictions
of plants, as well as
geometric shapes
and Koranic vers-
es in the Thuluth -,k
[
calligraphic
script.. The. orna- .4.
mentation gradu- ,24t
ally becomes
more intense and
elaborate as one :
proceeds towards
the interior of the
building and its
Inner sanctum.
The detail on The ab
the exterior is,
in general, limited to
finely. carved
stonework in geomet-
ric and floral border
motifs. The soffits
(inner curves) of the
vaulted areas are inlaid
with stone mosaics in a
combination of


abstract and formal
designs. The north
riwaq blends, themes,
from Oman and wider
Arabia, with examples
of Ottoman, Mamluk,
Maghreb, ancient


lution court in the south riwaq

E g y pt i an ,
Mesopotamian and
Byzantium art. The rich
combination of classic
and modem patterns is
continued in mosaics,
cut tile work, ceramic
tiles and inlaid marble.


The interior walls -of
the main prayer hall are
entirely clad in off-
white and grey
Bardiglio marble;
ceramic. floral patterns
adorn each framed
mural panel, forming
blind niches in a variety
of classical Persian
designs. The elegant
stained glass windows
complement the pat-
terns which adorn the
interior.
A magnificent single
piece Persian carpet,
designed in prayer-
space-sized units sepa-
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borders, containing
decorations derived
from traditional Omani
weaving designs; its
4,263 sq meters cover
the floor of the prayer
hall.
The spectacular floor
covering is made up of
more than 1,700 m
separate knots and
weighs 21 tonnes. It
was woven in
Nishabur, in Iran by
600 women and took
four years to complete.
Much of the design is

(contioned on page 18)


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Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003,

ARIZONA I COLORADO


Massabni
(continued from page 3)

these da. s. Satan is a
switch man. He can
change the course of your
life and Nou will ne\er
notice it. This is the rea-
son God told us to exam-
ine the spirits.
I pra. that the Lord %%ill
open thie e es of the
Arabs to know% Jesus
Christ personally so that
the\ ma\ escape the
x\rath of God, because I
lo\e them. God is lo~e
and brought us to the
USA to kno\\ Christ. to
be saved. It is up to us to
believe or not. Many
people think they will go
to heaven, but they will
land in hell. What is your,
loss if you believe in
Jesus, the Son of God?
The Bible says that if our
Gospel be hid, it is hid to
them that are lost. The
glorious Gospel of Christ,
who is the image of God,
shall shine unto them.
God said cursed be every-
one who adds to, or takes
away from, the Word of
this prophecy, and
blessed is everyone who
keeps and obeys the Word
of God. If we believe in
the Bible, we believe and
reverence the writer, God.
Do not ever curse the
cross of Christ. It is a
great sin. Jesus truly
came down from Heaven,
performed many mira-
cles, died for our sins, and
then God raised Him


from the dead and sat
Him at His right hand on
high.
Jesus is returning with
great power with His
saints and the Angel of
Heaven to reign in
Jerusalem for one thou-
sand Nears. Evern coun-
trN or nation that % ill not
come to Jerusalem to
worship the Lord, the
reign w ill not descend on
that country. God said. "
Turn unto me: believe in
mi Son before His lrath
is kindled but a little."
Blessed are the\ that put
their trust in Jesus. If\ oui
want to escape the wrath
of God, pray now: "I
believe in the Lord Jesus,
Your Son, who died in my
place. Forgive me. Fill
my heart with your Holy
Spirit. Save me. I trust
you. In Jesus' name.
Amen.
His faithful servant,
Fred Massabni

Samaha
(continued from page 3)
and then follows a read-
ing from the Acts of the
Apostles. With great
respect for the Book, the
Muslims listen attentively
to the reading and to the
commentary provided by
the Protestant pastor of
Iskenderun. He tells
them that just as there is
one sun, there is only one
God. This God appeared
among us and then left his
footprints for us to follow
if-we wish to find him.


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(corlnnued from page 3,

%when Talaqat is used
appropriately. The adop-
tion of politeness, if
deliberate, then becomes
a moral quality.
A child, so long is unable
to utter a single 'word.
exhibits can create a 'pub-
lic scandal' in manN wa as.
The choice of flaring
%words may simple be an
idle talk to create some
sort of sensation. But it
could lead to more evils,
like the situation where
the criminal deeds are
talked about shamelessly.
A greasy-tongued person,
just to amuse his/her
audience, may indulge in
defamation of others,
who may be pious other-
wise.
The 'impolite' speaker,
may utter a foolish gossip
of personal nature, which
could hurt other people's
feelings. The impolite
speaker could utter mali-
cious words, intended
deliberately, to cause
harm to people's reputa-
tion or injure then in sev-
eral other ways. -These
ill-spoken words could
come under the scrutiny
of the Law of the Land.
Also, an impolite speaker
may utter a public rebuke


of the person of respect
and good reputation. To
present such possible
occurrences, speaking
impolitely in public or
private. is strictly forbid-


den in Islam.
Instructions
politely are
for the


to speak
very clear.
Muslims.


Howle er. not intentional-

ly. but out of habit, some
people do speak with a
loud \oice. Even though
no harm is meant but it is
termed as 'yelling'. which
should, also, be avoided.
Holy Quran has advised
the Muslims:


"Be polite! And lower
your voice;

Verily, the most hateful of
voices,

is- the braying of a don -
key"

(31:20)


Prophets of Allah have
been speaking softly and
politely. Thus they have
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people would hesitate to
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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003
CALIFORNIA 1


Mosque
(continued from page 16)
floral (Safavid) and
arabesque patterns.,
Flowers within flowers
add to the sumptuous-
ness of the design
bringing together the
classical Tabriz,
Kashan and Isfahan tra-
ditions. Some 28
colours in a variety of
shades Were used, the
majority obtained from
traditional vegetable
dyes.
Austrian Swarovski
crystal chandeliers with
gold plated metalwork
illuminate the interior
of the mosque, the
largest of which adorns
the main prayer hall


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Marble tiles are used
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(contioned on page 19)


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

CALIFORNIA 2


Mosque
(continued from page 18)


Islamic cul-
ture is housed
in the south
riwaq and, in
keeping with
modern
times, houses
not only
books but
computers for
public use.
A local schol-
ar observed
that while
Omanis are
proud of
achievements
made in
recent years
in the world
of commerce
and trade and
the signifi-


Stained glass window in the main hall


cant steps towards
democracy, the comple-
tion of the new Sultan
Qaboos mosque is a
tremendous source of
national pleasure. "We
have some .exceptional
mosques in Oman but.
this one is the jewel in


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to pray here," he added
with confidence.
The Grand Mosque, is a
remarkable spiritual
and architectural tribute
to the distinguished and
noble heritage of Islam.


EDMOND KHOURI
(continued from page5

that included technical
and administrative
supervision of
activities. (2) The
computer science field
where. he acquired an
extension experience in
the modif-cation of
program development
operating system (3)
the last field but. was
the f-rst he started with
electrical engineering
where he used to
modify the equipment
used by oil exploration
industry Edmond spent
the last 23 years of his
career at the
organization he most
loved and was totally
dedicated to, the
Johnson Space Center
in Houston (NASA).
Socially he was a
member -of many
affiliations such as the
American Lebanese
League and Cedars
Club of Houston He
was a man of integrity


and decency. He will
always be remembered
as an- outstanding
manager, a wonderful
husband, a caring
brother and an asset to
the Houston
community. He is
survived by his
devoted, loving wife,
Najah Majdalani
Khouri, three brothers
and two sisters all in
Lebanon, cousins and
nieces in Cincinnati
and Washington, DC
and numerous nephews
and nieces in Lebanon.

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Page 20 THE SYRfAN:LEfANESE STAR" June 2003

CALIFORNIA 3


A Kurdish Conundrum
The Kurdish painter Rostam Aghala
talked to Chris Kutschera


Iranian woman artist.
However, Aghala made
some slight modifica-


dropped the naked
women and was finally
admitted in 1984.


Most Kurdish and Iraqi
painters are "haunted by
the effect Saddam
Hussein's dictatorial
regime has had on the
minds and personal
freedoms of the coun-
try's people. However,
these influences are not
apparent in the work of.
Rostam Aghala, not
immediately at least.
His colourful paintings
explore relationships
between people and are
rife with romanticism.
Their exuberant style is
unique in Kurdistan but
not perhaps for, those
familiar with the work
of the 20th century
Austrian artist Gustav
Klimt. As with Klimt,
closer examination of
Aghalas spectacular
canvases will often
reveal another, darker,
side to his work.
Born in 1969 in the
small Kurdish town of
Koy -Sinjak, Aghala


became a painter by
chance. He recalls how
at school he was
regarded as a poor stu-
dent by his art teacher.
On one occasion, in
order to secure a good
mark, he submitted
work that had been
painted by one of his
brothers.
At 15 came his first big
love, Nisrin. In order to
impress her he copied a
picture of a caique, or
boat, and gave it to her
as a token of his'affec-
tion. It was the begin-
ning of his career. "This
girl is the reason I
became a painter," he
explains.
Aghala decided to
apply to the Art school
in neighboring
Suleimania. As part of
the portfolio he was
required to submit, he
copied some portraits
of women, originally
the work of a famous


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his story, but clearly
these years were diffi-
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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003
SCALIFORNIA 4"'


Rostam Aghala
(continued from page 20)
father was a. lowly.
municipality employee
and he had a large fam-
ily of 11 children to
support on his


meagre wages
Rostam had no
money, and had
to borrow cash
from his
friends-mostly
girls--at school
in order to con-
tinue with his
work.
Eventually the
time came when
the girls refused
to loan him
money. Because
he did not have
enough to buy
even the canvas,
he decided to
kill himself. He


explains. lho\ he
attempted to throw
himself under a car, but
the car stopped in time.
It was not the last time
Rostam would try to
kill himself which, after


meeting rum, is aini-
cult to believe: always
smiling .or laughii g,
Rostam looks like. the
happiest painter on
earth.To graduate from
his Art school, Rostam


even Known thme name
of the artist who paint-
ed it. Rostam painstak-
ingly reproduced the
image and presented
his work. It was reject-
ed on the pretext that


AA A


At one time Rostam was too poor to buy canvas and painting materials


was asked to present a
copy of a -tasterpiece.
In an Iraqi magazine he
saw a reproduction of a
painting he instantly
admired-Love.
Before 1993 ihe-had not


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the artist was "not a
great I master". The
painter whose work
Aghala had copied was
Gustav Klimt, an
Austrian (1862-1918)
of the famous
"Secessionist School",


who painted the world
in its "feminine appear-
ance.
Between 1989-1990,
Aghala discovered
another discipline: he
was called
up for the
army He
deserted
after the
Iraqi army
was defeat-
ed in
Kuwait. For
three
months he,
locked him-
self in a
,tt room, and
S- worked on

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t h e
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The three
years that
fo11owed-
.Nere difficult: -
Rostam survived by
selling books on the
streets of Baghdad and
working in factories...

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Page 22 THE SRtN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

CALIFORNIA 5


Rostam Aghala
(continued from page 21).

He was so poor he
could not afford the
materials to paint and
so depressed that again
he tried to-take his own
life.
In 1993 his life took a
new-happy- turn.
An American journalist
he met by chance
bought one of his paint-
ings for $400, a fortune
for the impoverished
Rostam. The same jour-
nalist also gave him a
book about the work of
Gustav Klimt and
Rostam discovered the
identity of the painter
he had copied, some
years before. He also
learned that despite his
information to the con-
trary, this painter \\as
not an unkno\\n artist.
but a 'master painter
worthy of his admira-


tion and a credible
source of inspiration.
Since becoming. a
teenager Rostam con-
fesses to- frequently
falling in love with
girls -some of whom
he did not even speak
to --but in 1995 he met
Goulala and, this, he
decided, was the real
thing.
However, Goulala's
father, a businessman
from Suleimania, did
not want his daughter
involved with "a
coloristt; a simple vil-
lager from an unknown
family. In. despair
Rostam made plans to
leave his homeland for
Europe, like so many
Song people in Iraqi
Kurdistan. At this point
Hero Talabani, the Nw ife
of Jelal Talabani, the
powerful PUK leader
intervened on Rostam's
behalf. Goulala"s father


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eventually gave in and
agreed the couple could,
marry.
A new life began for
Rostam, he was in love
and happily married to.
a beautiful woman,
from an affluent family,
who would became his
favourite model. But
Rostam still had a prob-
lem. Women are one of
the main themes'of his
work but he cannot
paint from memory, he
needs a model, which
raises many problems
in the very traditional
Kurdish society. He
loves to paint Goulala,
who was now fully
available as a model
and appears in many of
his paintings but he
needed other sources of
inspiration in order to
vary his work. Goulala
has a sister whom
Rostam also liked .to
paint. But he admits


that Goulala is quite
jealous and he has
problems if he looks for
models outside the
family circle.
The Kurdish elite start-
ed buying his paintings:
Jelal and Hero Talabani
bought some of his
large paintings to deco-
rate their dining room
in QalaTchwalan. PUK
minister Adnan Mufti
bought canvases for his
office and home. -But
Rostam's clients are
mainly foreigners -the
UN and NGO workers,
and the press, and it is a
an irregular clientele.
Rostam's problem is
that the Kurdish people
rich enough to buy his
paintings have little
esteem for his "folk-
lorist" and "coulourist"
style: "I could just as:
well hang a kilim on
my .wall", says a
(contioned on page 23)


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR June 2003

CALIFORNIA 6


Rostam Aghala
(continued from page 22)
wealthy businessman.
Such a comment
reflects a simplistic
view of Rostam's paint-
ings and a failure to
look beyond their
immediate colourful
appearance.
In one of his paintings,
Shuan (the Shepherd), a
young woman wears
the traditional dress of
the Kurdish shepherd.
She is beautiful but
obviously unhappy:
two big drops on her
mantle symbolise her
tears and at the same
time the womb. On her
shoulder two strange
birds are mating upside
down. A butterfly hov-
ers above her. What
does it all mean?
"One day I went to the
village of Tak Tak, near
Koy Sinjak", says
Rostam, "and I met a
very pretty woman
shepherd: she could not
bear. children, so her
husband made her a
shepherd. All the time,


while watching her
sheep, she was dream-
ing of sex and babies
the butterfly symbol-
izes her dreams, and the
birds are upside down
because they cannot
make love". The story
of this woman does not
end here, explains
Rostam: her estranged
husband married a sec-
ond wife, who was also
unable to bear children.
After undergoing tests
at the hospital it was
discovered that it was
he who was sterile.
In another painting,
Anfal, a bearded old
man sits in a meadow
full of red poppies, with
a young woman, his
granddaughter, behind
him, and a steep moun-
tain in the background.
The old man has lived
through Anfal (a terri-
ble campaign against
the Kurds in 1988
which claimed 180,000
victims) and is recount-
ing his memories to his
grand daughter. "The
landscape is beautiful",
says Rostam. "But


because nature is beau-
tiful does not mean you
have a beautiful life.
Our country was beau-


A unique, exuberant style


tiful when Anfal hap-
pened and Anfal could
happen again". Many
details of Aghala's
paintings reveal
intriguing anomalies
that are wide open to
interpretation' the
meadow is empty with-


out any sign of grazing
cattle; the old man's
rifle is half hidden
behind him. The
pigeons on the
tree don't look
at each other.
The mountain
is bare, with-
out any sign
of shrub or
tree. The sky
is not blue but
red. The pea-
cock, which
towers above
the girl and
her grandfa-
ther, has no
feathers.
So who is the
real Rostam?
The happy,
laughing
painter with a
palette of lux-
urious colours or the
bitter unhappy Kurd
who cannot forget, his
people's pain and the
uncertainty of their des-
tiny? "My life is like
my painting", Rostam
responds, "I am making
experiences..."


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Liability Property
Auto Home RVs
Aviation
Live Health IRAs
532-6171
230 South 500 East #250
Salt Lake City, UT 84102
www.atpinsurance.com


Executive
Meetings &
Retreats
Sophisticated
Historic
Setting


MANSION


Downtown Location Parking Available
Professional Planning & Dining Services
www.mccunemansion.com
(801) 531-8866
200 N. Main Street, Salt Lake City, UT


I "YOUR NORTH SHORE LOAN SPECIALISTS"


(405) 848-
3779
Mention This Ad!


THE F.D. STELLA
PRODUCTS CO.
The Food Service Dining Equipment
New & Used
Mention Ad When Calling ~
(313) 341-6400


7000 Fenkel


Detroit, MI


COHEN & BURNETT, PC
SPECIALIZING IN BASIC
TO SOPHISTICATED ESTATE PLANNING
* ESTATE ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS SUCCESSION
* PENSION DISTRIBUTIONS ASSET PRESERVATION
703-847-8900
Mention This Ad'
7601 Lewinsville Road, McLean, VA
www.cohenburnett.comr


Best Wishes From
James Knox

Heating & AC
*INSURED LICENSED
*.SALES SERVICE
* INSTALLATION AIR CONDITIONING
HUMIDIFIERS AIR CLEANER
WATER HEATERS
24 HR. EMERGENCY SERVICE

734-662-7957
Ypsilanti, MI


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