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The Syrian Lebanese star ( March 1, 2003 )

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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
March 1, 2003
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00013

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
March 1, 2003
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00013

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
    North Florida/Central Florida
        page 4
    Central Florida
        page 5
    Florida's Gold Coast
        page 6
    Florida's Gold Coast 2
        page 7
    Florida's Gulf Coast
        page 8
    Florida
        page 9
    Georgia
        page 10
    Georgia 2
        page 11
    North Carolina/South Carolina
        page 12
    North Carolina/South Carolina 2
        page 13
    Charlotte, North Carolina
        page 14
    Maryland/Virginia
        page 15
    Maryland/Virginia/Washington D.C.
        page 16
    Maryland
        page 17
    Tennessee
        page 18
    Tennessee 2
        page 19
    Tennessee/Alabama
        page 20
    Alabama
        page 21
    Louisiana/Mississippi
        page 22
    Texas
        page 23
    Texas 2
        page 24
    Texas 3
        page 25
    Oklahoma/Texas
        page 26
    Oklahoma/New Mexico
        page 27
    Nevada/Arizona
        page 28
    Arizona/Colorado
        page 29
    Southern California
        page 30
    California
        page 31
    Recommended Businesses
        page 32
Full Text


U U


Publisher Welcomes Benazir
Bhutto of Pakistan to Jacksonville


:1 1


- A -


l l.'


Al Coplan and Benazir Bhutto


"I feel America's pain.
Four of the happiest years
of my life were spent at
Harvard, where I learned
of America's freedom,
tolerance, pluralism,
openness, and equal
opportunity for all citi-
zens."


Muslim countries need
to live by the true tenets
of the Islamic religion,
which include peace, tol-
erance and dialogue, for-
mer Pakistani prime min-
ister Benazir Bhutto told
a Jacksonville audience.
(continued on page 6)


Continue the excite-
ment and energy at This
Summer's Federation
Convention which will be


held July 3-6th in Atlanta.
Anyone who attended last
year knows how much


(continued on page 8)
The Cedars of Lebanon Club of
Jackson, MS Entertains the
Federation President
The annual Christmas Federation President
Party of the Cedars of Mary Jo Mansour and her
Lebanon Club of Jackson, husband Judge Alfred
MS has held on Sunday, Mansour were honored
December 8, 2002. (continued on page 22)


AAI Endorses
Affirmative
Action Case
WASHINGTON-The
Arab American Institute
has joined a coalition of
youth, labor, religious
and civil rights organiza-
tions in support of affir-
mative action. Supreme
Court members will rule
on whether to uphold
affirmative action in two
separate University of
Michigan cases on April
1, 2003. The court will
decide whether affirma-
tive action will be used in
(continued on page 7)

National
Muslim Group
Olptetiss New '
Office in Texas
CAIR-Houston will
promote civil rights
and religious diversity

WASHINGTON, D.C.,
1/29/03)- The Council on
American-Islamic
Relations (CAIR)

(continued on page 24)
Eight Is


- Can you top





/ A' -'i by 0.!,


Together is better. As
children of the Great
Depression, Lawrence
and Isabel Ackels under-
stood the struggle inher-
ent in raising a large fam-
ily, but the couple was.
insistent that each child
attend the same school
and be offered the same


Congressman
Coble Must
Apologize For
Offensive
Remarks
Washington-Today
Arab American Institute
President Dr. James
Zogby wrote to
Congressman Howard
Coble (R-NC) to express
dismay regarding
remarks the Congressman
made during a live c;ll-in
radio program. AAI
believes that
Congressman Coble
should make an immedi-
ate and unequivocal apol-
ogy to Americans of
Japanese and Arab ances-
try., Conmplete tex1 -of
AA1's letter follows:
"I am writing to
express my outrage con-
cerning your remarks of
Tuesday, February 4th,
2003 during a radio pro-
gram on WKZL-FM. As
I'm sure you are aware,
the interment of Japanese
Americans during World
War II was both .unlawful
(continued on page 14)
Enough
this Record?




'-2





educational opportunities.
Lawrence worked as a
general practitioner and
Isabel took on the familial
responsibilities. Ten (10)
children were born to
Lawrence and Isabel, and
of the ten, seven arc
lawyers practicing in
(continued on page 23)


ATLANTA,GA :...Profess
ional. storytellers insist
that everyone has a story
to tell. It could be a story
found in a faraway place,
in your backyard. It
could be a story full of
smiles or tears. Audrey
Galex and B. J. Abraham


have all those elements in
their story. Theirs relates
to the Middle East.
* Galex is a Jewish
woman, originally from
Illinois. Abraham, a
Christian of Lebanese
descent, grew up in the
heart of the Mississippi
(continued on page 10)


Arab City Grows Up In The
Shadow of Disneyland


wIq


The southern Californian town of Anaheim is-home to
25,000 Arab Americans and more are on the way.
(continued on page 28)

Dr. James Moises Announces His
BiJt For The Presidency of the
Southern Federation


In a short message to
the Official Bulletin, Dr.
james Moises, currently
serving as Vice President
of the Southern
Federation stated that at
the convention in Atlanta
in July, 2003, he will seek
the high office of


Dr. James Moises


President of the Southern
Federation. In the mean

(continued on pr -. .


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$15.00 SUBSCRI


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY

SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 40 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
PTION www.syrianlebanesestar.com XXXX #3


I


Two Women Two Cultures
One Tale Creates A Healing Art


All Roads Lead To Atlanta


MARCH- 2003


'IT, pq






Page 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003
Jacksonville News


-, Sue and
Nick Farah

.. their 50th
wedding
anniver-
The Farah's sary at a
reception with
family and friends at Farah's
Gazebo Cafe. They were
married Jan. 25, 1953, in Old
Holy Rosary Catholic Church
in Jacksonville. She is the
former Sue Bajalia.
Their children are John
Farah, Orlando; Nick Farah
Jr., Gainesville; Debbie
Farah, Dallas; and Donna
Ghanayem and Denise
Sarakbi, both of
Jacksonville.
The Farahs have five
grandchildren.
Mousa Makes
It Work
VA dead-
line is a
deadline.
It is not a
guideline,
and if any
Sam Mousa d o u b t
remains ask Sam Mousa,
(continued on page 1,1)


Election 2003
Tommy Hazouri
Has School Plans
Tommy Hazouri
yesterday became the first
of the major mayoral
candi- dates to elaborate
on a commitment all have
made: to
improve
SJackson-
'' ville's public
schools by
i mobilizing
and coor-
dinating the community's
contributions of time and
resources.
Hazouri, a Democrat,
said he would charge a
Schools First! board of
directors and two
members of the mayor's
staff with focusing hours'
and dollars on under
achieving students,
schools and

(continued on page 8)


George R. Joseph Sr",
90, of Erwin died yester-
d a y
morn -
ing. He
w a s ,,
Erwin's ....
second ,
mayor '. -
and is
praised
by the
town's '
Daily Record file p
present Joseph Sr. through
leaders
for his dedication to the
town.
His sons carry on his
commitment to Erwin -
George Joseph Jr. is
mayor and Louis Joseph
is Fire chief.
Originally from
Lebanon, he came to the
United States in 1932 to
Providence, R.I., and set-
tled in Benson and Dunn
before establishing resi-
dence in Erwin.
He and his wife


'ho
his


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SLIIfl
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S Best Wishes To
Our Many Syrian 2',
& Lebanese g oysterbr
Friends &
Customers 4-

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Elizabeth, whom he mar-
ried on Dec. 28, 1936,
opened a
So G men's shop
in Dunn in
1947 and
founded
Joseph's
Department
Store in
Erwin in
1951. His
tos of George ceded him
career. in death.
The fam-
ily-operated clothing
store continues to exist
under the ownership of
his sons and is located in
its original location in
downtown Erwin.
Also several busi-
neesses properties in
Erwin and Benson were
owned by the couple. An
active member of his
(continued on page 14)

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COMICS & GAMES
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Games, Miniatures
Collectible Card Games. and
Role Playing Games
Games Workshop, Palladium,
TSR, Alderac, GR/D, Agents
of Gaming, White Wolf.
Avalanche, GMT, etc.
Mon-Tues 12pm-7pm
Wed-Sat 11am-8pm
Sun 12pm-5pm

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Jacksonville, FL
Maenn Ths Ad to Recee Dcount

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(904) 268-1929
E-Mail: dysecpro@aol.com


Jacksonville News


Deaths

Erwin, NC Patriach, George
Joseph Sr., Dies At Age 90


ASSUMPTION SCHOOL

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Before & After School Care

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VINWER THEATRE



















IN-

A pfril 5










Starri n .
Bruce






2003 SEASON TICKETS
6 Dinners & 6 Shows $169 $199
Fiddler On The R,,'. Guys & Dolls,
Brighton Beach Mcni.i s. The Sound of Musii.
Don't Dress For Dinner; South Pacific






11 Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003 11


Hear 0 Israel, the Lord Our
God is One Lord


Blessed is he that read,
blessed is he that hear, but

blessed is he that keeps
the Word of this proph-
esy. (Deut 6:4-5)
Proverbs 19:16; 'He that
keepeth the command-
ment keepeth his own
soul; but he that despiseth-
his ways shall die." Once
I spoke about how God
blessed Israel, and fought
for them, when they
obeyed Him. Many times
God destroyed thousands
in Israel when they dis-
obeyed Him. From this


I)


h\


Rev. Fred Massabni

we can understand that
God has no respect for
persons. This goes to
each one of us from our
President to the Trash

(continued on page 12)


Million
Cub


->21~l. m
Gary & Sue Wade
Realtors Property Management
Harris Real Estate & Assoc., Inc.
1246 Kingsley Avenue, Orange Park
Business: 904-269-1080 Fax: 904-269-0010
Voice Mail: 904-443-6962 Cellular: 904-710-6357
Each Office is Independantly Owned and Operated


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The Only Local Full-Service Monument Company

Marble Granite Bronze
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Plaques Signs
VISIT OUR LARGE DISPLAY
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BISHOP'S AUTOMOTIVE
Family Owned & Operated Since 1977
Complete Automotive Repair & Service

Specializing In: -.
Air Conditioning
& Heater Service -
Electrical Repairs


904-695-2342
S- 5933Lenox Ave,.d JacksonvJli.,


Christian


Introducing the
Question
When you think of the
Church, what image
comes tQ mind? What
image do you think the
average Catholic forms
when the Church is men-
tioned?
Usually the image is
that of a highly central-
ized, worldwide institu-.
tion with headquarters in
Rome. Or, of one's
neighborhood parish
church. All in the West
who share the heritage of
European civilization
tend to identify the
Catholic Church with the
Latin Rite (Roman Rite).
Similarly, Eastern
Orthodox and other
Eastern Christians may
think of the church of
their own country of ori-
gin with its chief bishop


Rev. George Rafidi
Ordained Minister
Assemblies of God


Churches


tfr-







By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
and center in the ancient
capital city.
Seldom do we think of
the church as the Mystical
Body of Christ, the Head
united with his many,
diverse groups of mem-
bers comprising the
People of God.
Attitudes among
Eastern Catholic and
Orthodox peoples not
only stem from their
strong national feelings,

(continued on page 13)


YOU ARE INVITED!
Service Time
Eeiiring V or.hip & Children's Ministry
Sunday 6:00 p.m.
Arab Outreach meets at
Regency Assembly of God
668 St. Johns Bluff Road N.
Jacksonville, FL
(904) 724-7984


Arab Outreach Ministries Ministries
is People...
People caring, sharing, growing, loving and giving. people who believe in
salvation through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and in the baptism by immersion in
water upon confession of faith in Him. We believe that Jesus Christ still heals today.
We simply preach the Bible as the infallible Word of God, and it is our sole authority
for faith and conduct.
We enjoy freedom of worship, but with all things done decently and in order. We
believe in the baptism of the Holy Spirit and experience the supernatural gifts of the
Spirit.
MOST OF ALL, WE LOVE THE LORD JESUS

Best Wishes To Our Many
Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers

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8560 Beach Boulevard 904-565-9923
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Arabic 'word 'Hudna'
or 'Haun' is translated to
its equivalent word in
English as 'Meekness'.
The Arbic word Hudna or
Haun means 'to refrain
from inflicting any harm
or pain on anyone, bodily
or otherwise, knowingly
or unknowingly'. Thus,
to live in 'peace'.
Meekness, then, is a
moral condition, if adopt-
ed deliberately. A
Muslim's life is, then,
'peaceful', peaceful with-
in, peaceful all-around.
Thus, a Muslim man or
woman, helps to establish
'peace on earth'. Holy
Ouran is a Guiding Light
with instructions to
remain peaceful in one
life. Recapitulation of the
injunctions are cited here.
Live peacefully with one
another and promote
accord between your-
selves. (8:2) There is
much good in agreement


By Dr. Qazi Muhammad
Barkatullah
and to live in peace.
(4:129) If the other side
inclines towards peace,
then,. you do also. (8:62)
Righteous servants of
Allah, the Merciful, are
those, who walk meekly
on earth. (25:64) People
gifted with 'meekness'
pass on with dignity when
they hear frivolous dis-
course. The guiding prin-
ciple is that one should
not flare up at the slight-
est opposition to one's
wishes. The mischievous
utterance of the opponent
should be overlooked so
long as it does not cause
(continued on page 15)


BIG BEN'S

TREE SERVICE
Serving Jax Area for over 30 years
Complete Tree Service
Ben Geiger, Owner
Phone: 641-1131
Jacksonville, FL


ALBERTSONS


Our Prices Bring You In
Our People Bring You Back
Open 24 Hours 7 Days A Week
A COMPLETE FOOD & DRUG STORE
Bakery Deli Liquor Camera Store


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7117 Merrill Road
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396-4319
744-4345
778-4906


Jacksonville, Florida

^ ." ''.'*- ', ^ *, t -^ t *> .V .*,r


Understanding the Eastern


Meekness


. . .







Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

NORTH FLORIDA CENTRAL FLORIDA


Sincerely Yours
As many of you know,
I have undergone major
surgery to correct an
abdominal aneurysm on
my aorta. I am deeply
appreciative to the many
family and friends that
expressed concern, and I
want to assure you that I
am well on the road to
recovery.
I had a great deal of
time to think during my
recuperation and most of
my thoughts have been
about our children and
families. Whenever I had
a difficult day I thought
of the treatment that our
children experience -
surgery, chemotherapy,
radiation, bone marrow
transplant, etc.
Despite the challenges
our children face on a
daily basis, it is amazing
the positive, cheerful
attitude that they exhibit
when you walk into the
halls of St. Jude
Children's Research
Hospital. There is an
atmosphere of
cheerfulness and hope.
Reflecting on how this
is possible, I came to the
conclusion that St. Jude
Children's Research


El Paso Clubs Stays Active


Hospital's wonderful
donors are the driving
force behind this upbeat
attitude. You have given
us the opportunity to
engage the best
professionals to treat our
children and the
wonderful facilities that
comprise St. Jude. There
is no question that the
staffs of ALSAC and the
hospital are a positive
influence but without you
- the donor this would
not be possible.
I pray none of.you
suffer through major
illness or surgery, but I
would like all of you to
reflect on our children and
families and focus on the
difficult experiences they
endure. When you do, you
will realize that your
participation, donations
and gifts make life easier
for them in their time of
need.


Arrive as a Stranger...
Leave as a Friend
Awaken to a beautiful sunrise and the
sound of the waves crashing on the beach.
After enjoying a delightful breakfast, take a stroll on the
white sandy shores of St. Augustine Beach,
or just relax and enjoy the breathtaking views.
Our goal at the House of sea and Sun
is to make your stay as wonderful as possible
you may arrive as a stranger,
but you'll leave as a friend.
House of Sea and Sun
(Casa de Mary Sol)
Oceanfront Bed and Breakfast
2B Street, St. Augustine Beach, FL
(904) 461-1716






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Home Style Cooking
Breakfast Lunch Dinner
Come and enjoy our unique OLD COUNTY STORE
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State Road 16 & 1-95 St. Augustine, FL


Meeting at Great American Steak Burger, left to right: Madeline
Jabour, Lois Daw, Essie Daw, Mary Davis, Margaret Cordova,
Myrna Wolf and Norma Kudiesy


The Lebanese
American Women's Club
of El Paso, TX has been
quite active this year.
During the summer,
unlike many of the
Federation clubs, they
have had several outings
for members, their
husband, families, friends
and guests. In May, Angel
Nabhan and in June Mary
Wardy both hosted the
meeting at Casa Verde
Restaurant. Norma
Kudiesy hosted the July
meeting at the Great
American
Steak Burger; Mary
Davis hosted the August
meeting at the Holiday
Inn. Rosie Daw hosted
the September meeting at
La Ventana Restaurant. In


August, also the club
held an outing at the
Sunland Park Casino
hosted by Mary K.
Davis. This event
included a delicious
buffet with a wonderful
wide variety of food that
all enjoyed. Great music
played by a talented Jazz
Group entertained those
present. Many present
tried their luck at the
machines, but to no
avail, the machines won.
The Lebanese
American Women's Club
is dedicated to the
preservation of Heritage
and aid to the
underprivileged. So far
this-, year the Lebanese
American Wornen's Club
has contributed a


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every room in your home, this reliable
merchant features tremendous buys in new
sofas, chairs, dining room sets, bedroom
sets, and other pieces of quality furniture.

(386) 364-4963
522 East Howard Live Oak, FL
(in the Live Oak Plaza)


monetary donation of
$100.00 each to the
Rescue Mission, Hospice
of El Paso, Franciscan
Nuns, Shelter for
Battered Women,


Coalition for the-,>
Homeless and
Annunciation House for
cancer victims.
(submitted by
Madeline Jabour)


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Best Wishes


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Page 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

CENTRAL FLORIDA


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year


Spirit Of Our
Heritage Award








The recipient of this
award was born in 1922
and raised by a typical
Lebanese family that had
emigrated from Lebanon
around the turn of the
century. They ran a
restaurant and poultry
business. He served in
the United States Army in
1944-1946 with Honor
and distinction. He


(continued on page 25)


Dorothy Nolan
Manziel Honored
at Foundation
Banquet






L -".
Dorothy Nolan
Manziel met her future
husband at a Federation
Convention. They mar-
ried and had 6 children,.
20 grandchildren, and 15
great grandchildren. She
is a visionary, who
through her quiet leader-
ship blazed the trail for

(continued on page 25)


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Nawal Batteh
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FL, (32216) has been
named to the Dean's List
at the University of the
South for the fall 2001
term. To earn a place on
Sewanee's Dean's List, a
student must earn a
minimum grade point
average of 3.625 on a 4.0
scale. Nawal batteh is the
child of Mr. & Mrs.
Kamel Salem Batteh.
The University of the
South; popularly known
as sewanee, is an
independent liberal arts
(continued on page 8)


Couple Celebrates
50th
.-
^ri^ > ^.

a^ y


Joseph J. and Esperans
D. Ayoub of El Paso will
celebrate their 50th wed-
ding anniversary on
November 30, 2002.
Essie is a member of the
Lebanese American
Women's Club of El Paso.
She has held several posi-
tions in her club, includ-
ing' president. Joe is a
retired business man
whose hobbies are wood
working and fishing.
Their children are
Mike, Madeline, Jeanette
and the late Stephen. The
grandchildren are
Stephanie, Lauren,
Alison, Emilie, Elliot and
Julian. The family is
planning a gold anniver-
sary for their parents.
We are grateful for

(continued on page 31)


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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

FLORIDA'S GOLD COAST


Bhutto Visit


(continued on from page 1)
Bhutto, who at 35 became
the youngest chief execu-
tive of a nation and the
first female prime minis-
ter in the Muslim world,
spoke at the Florida
Forum in the Florida
Theatre, a benefit for the
Women's Board of
Wolfson Children's
Hospital.
I was very impressed
with Former Prime
Minister Bhutto. She is a
woman of great mind.
Because of her politics of
helping women and chil-
dren she now has to live
in United Arab Emirates
where she lives a quiet
life but stays in touch
with everything going on
in Pakistan. One day she
hopes to return to her
homeland.
"Criminal terrorists hi-
jacked my religion," she
said, "just as they
hijacked your airliners on
September 11, 2001.
Terrorists are distorting
the image of Islam."
Bhutto, educated at
Radcliffe College of
Harvard University and at
Oxford University in
England, returned to her
native Pakistan shortly
before her father was


overthrown as the coun-
try's prime minister in
1977. After her father
was executed, she spent
more than six years in
detention in jails before
sh e went into exile in
England for two years. In
the mid-1980's she
returned to her homeland
to fight for democracy.
She was prime minister
from the end of 1988 until
August 1990 and again
from October 1993 until
November 1996. During
her terms she proved her-
self a passionate propo-
nent of democracy, peace,
tolerance and women's
rights. "I have battled
with many of these terror-
ists," she said, "including
Osama bin Laden him-
self, who organized
financial schemes to
overthrow my govern-
ment." As she had pro-
moted human rights, edu-
cation, jobs, opportunities
and a modernization of
Pakistan, she said she was
a dangerous obstacle to
the terrorists' campaign of
hate. "My greatest regret
is that I was unable to
destroy the terrorists
completely before they
rained terror on
America," Bhutto said.
She detailed her efforts to
improve Pakistan to get it


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integrated into the global
economy, which she said
the terrorists so feared.
The current military
backed regime in
Pakistan has undone and
undermined many of her
progressive projects, she
said. "The political sys-
tem now is rigged against
democracy and the social
system is rigged against
women." She said she
believes that. Islam is
committed to democracy
and tolerance "but sadly
today most Islamic coun-
tries are dictatorships."
Islam and its writings are
also respectful of women,
she said, "yet today the
veil of repression has
descended on my coun-
try." A democratic
Pakistan can be America's
best friend, she said, "but
a nuclear-armed Pakistani
dictatorship can make'
Sept. 11 look like a mere
prelude." She was in col-
lege in America during
Watergate era which, she
said, taught her the "awe-
some power f-.the people,
to change history." While
at Oxford, she said she


learned another important
lesson when she ran for
president of the Oxford
Union. She was told she
would never win because
she was a foreigner and a
woman. But she did. I
learned never to give in
when the task seems for-
midable."
I was very impressed
with Former Prime
Minister Bhutto. She is a
woman of great mind
strength, because of her
politics of helping women
and children she now has
to live in United Arab
Emirates where she lives
a quiet life but stays in
touch with everything
going on in Pakistan.
One day she hopes to
return to her homeland.
She said what a won- -
derful job Wolfson's
-Children's Hospital was
doing in Jacksonville and
dreams that one day a
hospital like this could be
built in Pakistan.
I say Good-Bye to you
and hope your country
will someday appreciate
you again. Your absence
is their loss.


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Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR .. March.2.00

FLORIDA'S GOLD COAST 2


Affirmative Action
(continued on from page 1)
admissions at the
University of Michigan
law school in Grutter v.
Bollinger and in the
undergraduate College in
Gratz v. Bollinger.
AAI believes affirma-
tive action has had a pos-
itive impact on our
nation, leading to greater
equality and the strength-
ening of our society. The
effort in defense of affir-
mative action is organ-
ized by United for
Equality and Affirmative
Action (UEAA) and a
national civil rights rally
is planned for April 1 in
Washington, DC.
In endorsing this


effort, AAI stands beside
organizations such as the
Detroit NAACP, National
Organization of Women
(NOW), League of Latin
American Citizens
(LULAC), Michigan
AFL-CIO, Arab
Community Center for
Economic and Social
Services (ACCESS), the
Alliance of Black Student
Professionals, the
Southern Christian
Leadership Conference
(SCLC), and the
Coalition of Labor Union
Women (CLUW).
StudentsL from more than
100 universities, college
campuses, and high
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nation will be attending


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the event to show their
support.
"We are proud to
pledge our support for
affirmative actions pro-
grams that ensure equity
for all. Equality cannot
exist without acknowl-
edging and remedying the
mistakes of the past. The
African American com-
munity, in particular, has
borne the brunt of our
nation's past discrimina-
tory policies and today
Arab Americans are
standing up to ensure fair-


ness, diversity and full
representation for all. It
must be noted that with
diversity all Americans
are the beneficiaries,"
said AAI president James
Zogby.
On April 1, supporters
will rally outside the
Supreme Court while the
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10-12 p.m. The protest-
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Constitution Avenue after
the hearings.
Founded .in 1985, the

(continued on page8)


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Page ...8 M a.. .. .. ..h..2003..... .... ...


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR

FLORIDA'S GULF COAST


Hazouri
(continued from page2)
neighborhoods.
The former mayor said
he himself; would donate.
five hours each week and
15 percent of his salary as
an example of the
commitment he hoped all
members of the
community would make.
Hazouri said his plan
"begins to address how
we as a city can pull
together to make the job
that our teachers and that
our principals do just a
little bit easier."
All of the major
candidates have pledged
to involve city
government in improving
Jacksonville's public
schools, which are
controlled by the
independent Duval
County School Board.
The issue is regarded
as paramount by many
voters, but specific
suggestions have been in
short supply.
The core of Hazouri's
plan is the mobilization of
volunteers to provide
after-school mentoring,
summer camp counseling


and other supplemental
programming.
Hazouri also said he
would encourage the
commitment of private
dollars toward goals such
as providing scholarships
to teachers seeking
advanced degrees.
Finally, he said he
would involve students
themselves in a volunteer
program to improve their
communities.
Hazouri said the plan
would be funded from
existing resources.
The most expensive
portion could be his
commitment to lend up to
150 city employees to the
school system while
volunteer efforts are
mobilized.
Kris Barnes, a member
of the School Board, said
she welcomed efforts by
the mayoral candidates to
encourage community
involvement in the school
system.
But she cautioned that
some of Hazouri's
proposals duplicated
existing efforts and
structures.
"There is a place for
help and then there is a


touch lag
and get in touch
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Roads To Atlanta
(continued on from page 1)
fun we all had in
Jacksonville. The Atlanta
Committee promises to
build on the Jacksonville
Convention's great suc-
cess. We will be featur-
ing Nabil Tohme and
Sahar who kept us danc-
ing all night last year.
They have had plenty of
rest and are ready to go.
Bobby T. Tanory will take
a break from his TV show
to keep us dancing.
As anyone knows who
travels, to go anywhere in
this country by air you
have to go through
Atlanta. It's the easiest
and least expensive place
in the U.S. to fly. Six
interstate highways go
through Georgia and you
can even take the train.
We have got great hotel
rates. So you have no
excuse not to continue the


place wheredIhe School
Board and the school
district already are doing
their jobs," she said.
The job of the mayor,
she said, "is to make sure
that the city as a
community is the best
environment, for our
students.
Batteh
(continued from page 5)
college located on a
10,000-acre campus atop
the Cumberland Plateau
between Nashville and
Chattanooga, and owned
by 28 Southeastern


excitement and make new
memories.
In addition to special
exciting events everyday
for children, youth and
singles we will be featur-
ing wonderful cultural
presentations. Also, hos-
pitality is always the key
in Georgia.
There is so much to see
and do in Atlanta. Stone
Mountain, Six Flags over
Georgia, White Water,
CNN, The Carter Center,
at least three Gone With
The Wind Museums and
World of Coca Cola are
among the places and
sites that you could visit
while at the convention.
Several of these will be
on the agenda.
We know we will see
you in Baton Rouge and
then it's on to Atlanta.
Look for all the informa-
tion in the next Bulletin
and in flyers that you will
be receiving very soon.


Affimhtive Action
(continued from page7)
Arab American Institute
(AAI) is a nonprofit
organization committed
to the civic and political
empowerment of
Americans of Arab
descent, AAI provides
policy, research and pub-.
lic affairs services to sffp-
port a broad range of
community activities.

dioceses of the
Episcopal Church. It is
consistently ranked
among the top tier of
national liberal arts
colleges.


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Page 8






page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

FLORIDA


Differences and
Difficulties

T he Great
Schism divid-
ing East and
West decisively in 1054
was a gradual, almost
imperceptible severance
extending over centuries.
The difficulties concern-
ing Photius in
Constantinople in the
ninth century opened the
first wound of separation
since the withdrawal of
the Assyrians (Nestorians
in Mesopotamia and
Persia) and of the non-
Chalcedonians
(Monophysites in North
Africa and Asia Minor) in
the fifth century. Then
the complex problem
between East and West in
the eleventh century
involving Michael
Cerularius, Paftiarch of
Constantinople, ended in
a' gigantic division. The
previous minor schism
culminated in the major
separation of
Constantinople and
Rome. The breach in
1054 was .healed tem-
.porarily until 1282 by the
.union following the
!Second Council of Lyons


in 1274. A more promis-
ing settlement after the
Council of Florence in
1439 lasted until 1472.
The breach in 1054
was healed temporarily
until 1282 by the union
following the Second
Council of Lyons in 1274.
A more promising settle-
ment after the Council of
Florence in 1439 lasted
until 1472.
The Turkish Muslims
who conquered
Constantinople found it
advantageous to widen
this rift. Consequently
the three other patri-
archies were separated.
While only
Constantinople formally
broke from Catholic
unity, the rest of the
Byzantine Church fol-
lowed taking millions of
faithful with a true priest-
hobod anrd "valid sacra-'
ments.
The Crusades aggra-
vated the tension after the
1054 schism. Actually
they were more damaging
to the cause of reunion
and had a worse effect
than any of the prior com-
plications. In addition to
sacking Constantinople
and establishing a new


kingdom of Jerusalem,
the Crusaders imposed
Western authority and
practice on the East.
The West was inter-
vening in Eastern patri-
archies. The Patriarch of
the West permitted a
Latin (Roman) hierarchy
to be set up in
Constantinople and in
Jerusalem, areas in which
a Byzantine (Greek) hier-
archy already existed.
"Latin" and
"Latinization" became
synonymous with Roman
interference in, and
Westernization of, the
Church in the East.


Eastern Catholics' resent-.
ment grew as these errors
multiplied.
Gradually the West lost
sight of the distinction
between the pope's patri-
archal and supreme pon-
tifical offices. After the
split the papal function as
supreme pontiff was no
longer effective or recog-
nized in the East. The
West forgot that most of
the pope's authority over
the Catholic Church rest-
ed in his patriarchal func-
tion for the West, not his
supreme pontifical func-

(continued on page 27)


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

GEORGIA


Two Women Two
Cultures
(continued on from page 1)
Delta. She lives in
Atlanta and is a member
of the Cedars Club of
Atlanta. Federation
members will remember
her from the many times
she has entertained at the
conventions. Her accent
will defy anyone to
believe she is not born in
Lebanon. Their lives,
they found, are inter-
twined in ways they could
not imagined. Beyond
the culture, language, and
food of the
Mediterranean, they dis-
covered by accident that
Galex's great grandpar-
ents owned a store on the
street in Clarksdale, Miss.
where Abraham spent her
childhood.
Following a Middle
Eastern music program
put on by an Israeli Jew,
an Israeli Arab, and a
Lebanese in February,
2001 Galex and Abraham
spent countless hours at
their kitchen tables put-
ting together storytelling
that would help foster
peace between Arabs and
Jews. The two friends
shared suitcases filled
with story and poetry


books and combed public
libraries and the Internet
for Jewish and Arab folk-
lore. They added their
personal stories and
music to weave together a
one hour presentation
called "Tapestry" which
has taken on greater
meaning as the conflict in
Israel rages beyond con-
trol. Galex and Abraham
have been presenting
"Tapestry" since last May,
usually in school and
place of worship. In tra-
ditional dress, the two
women walk onto the
stage holding objects of
hospitality from their
. respective cultures.
Galex holds a Hamsa, or
Hand of Fatima, a protec-
tion against evil for both
Jews and Muslims.
Abraham carries a brass
platter found in Lebanese
homes that says "Ahlan
Wa Sahlan", which,means
welcome in Arabic.
Abraham tells the story
of her first trip to her
ancestral homeland. She
.visited the remote moun-
tains of Lebanon and the
shell of the house that
once belong to her Jiddy
(grandfather). "I yelled tq
the mountains, 'Jiddy, I'm
here! and I know he heard
me". Abraham says, You


know, I wanted to go to
Israel, to the Holy Land,
but what was so sad is
that if I went, I wouldn't
have been allowed to re-
enter Lebanon.
Tapestry incorporates a
Chinese folk tale about an
elephant who scoffs at a
hummingbird's effort to
hold up the sky. ."Do you
think those little feet can
hold up the sky?" asked
the elephant. "Not alone,
but each must do what he
can, and this is what I can
do," the bird replies.
Galex also tells "The
Story of the Earth" from
the Talmud, which tackles
the dilemma of sharing
land. Galex and Abraham
also have written their
own narratives, named


after Jewish "Chopped
Liver" and the Lebanese
national dish, "Kibbe".
The.stories relate experi-
ence of growing up "dif-
ferent". Sometimes sto-
ries that have a serious
message can amuse us.
We can have helping
through humor.
"Tapestry" concludes
with a poem and a quote
cited by Abraham:" Once
you have heard some-
one's story, they can no
longer remain your
enemy.

(Editor note-perhaps in
July in Atlanta we will be
able to meet and hear B.J
Abraham at the conven-
tion).


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Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

GEORGIA 2


Mousa
(continued from page 2)
ask Sam Mousa, who
runs the day-to-day busi-
ness of Mayor John
Delaney's office.
"What does dead
mean?" Mousa asks after
a reporter says she's heard
talk that he's a stickler
about meeting deadlines.
He doesn't wait for an
answer. He doesn't have
to wait. He knows the
answer.
"Done. Over.
Finished."
He's not irritated when
he makes the statement.
He seems more surprised
that there would be a
question in anyone's mind
about the definition of a
word that takes center
stage in his life.
As chief administrative
officer,Mousa, 50, is the
person who sees to it,
either directly or indirect-
ly, the employees in 10
executive city depart-
ments do what they were
hired to do, when it's sup-
posed to be done.
That includes fixing a
pothole in a road or mak-
ing sure the new baseball
park is ready for the Suns'
first home game on
April 11. Both are inte-
gral parts of the voter-
approved Better
Jacksonville Plan, which


Delaney has charged
Mousa with making sure
is on time and on budget.
But with budget num-
bers constantly changing
and Mother Nature caus-
ing occasional blips in
construction schedules,
his job isn't always
smooth sailing.
That's a pill that's not
easy to swallow for a per-
son who wants perfection
in an imperfect world.
From the crease in his
suit pants I to the spotless
carpet in his impeccably
clean white Crown
Victoria, Mousa likes
things around him in a
certain order.
On his desk in his
fourth-floor office in City
Hall, Mousa has files
where he wants them,
leaving ample space on
his desk to scour over
piles .of papers, that most-
ly include columns upon
columns of numbers.
Ask his help on an
issue and he swears, as do
others, he'll bend over
backward to offer his
assistance. Fail to ask for
help and end up turning in
an incomplete or in accu-
rate report, expect his dis-
approval, at best, his
wrath, at worse.
. "I'm viewed as a tough
guy, but I'm a detail-ori-
ented guy," Mousa said.


A couple of months-
ago, when reviewing fig-
ures on the new Duval
County Courthouse,
Mousa did what any good
numbers person would
do, he pulled out a pencil
and started calculating the
figures for himself. They
didn't add up to what they
should have and showed
the project at about $9
million
higher than what was
planned.
"I hope there is an
explanation for this 'bust,'
otherwise we may need to
begin looking for another
Architect and .Program
Manager," Mousa blasted
off in an e-mail to the
program manager, Jacobs
Facilities Inc., sent from
his house on a Saturday
evening.
Mousa was frustrated.
"The tone I was trying
to get across was, 'We're
paying you guys decent
wages, we're expecting
decent work,' he said. "I
do get tagged as being
hard-nosed, but I'm trying
to get the best job done
for the taxpayers."
He's got the mayor
convinced.
Where others often see
Mousa as a person who's
more comfortable with
complex government
issues than small talk,


Delaney sees Mousa as a
loyal employee with a
good moral compass,
who's devoted to his wife
of 25 years, Sandy, and
three children.
- "He's really a teddy
bear, Delaney said.
It's Mousa's reputation
as a workaholic, disci-
plined person with tight
grasp of the facts that
Delaney had in mind
when he asked Mousa to
be the top city official to
oversee the Better
Jacksonville Plan, a $2.2
billion, half-cent tax
funded project that
includes the construction
of public facilities,
preservation, of land and
improvement of road-
ways.
"There is no way we
could have managed the
Better Jacksonville Plan
without him and the team
he has assembled,"
Delaney said.Mousa, the
son of parents who immi-
grated from Ramallah,
Palestine, in 1946, was
born and raised in Corpus
Christi, Texas. After high
school attended the
University of Florida,
where he earned his
degree in civil engi-
neering in 1976. When he
wasn't in college, he was

(continued on page 15)


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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR W March 2003

NORTH CAROLINA / SOUTH CAROLINA


Massabni
(continued from page 3)
Collector. God is Love,
God is Just, He demands
love, worship, adoration
and obedience. He said
in Isaiah 34:16, "Seek ye
out of the Book of the
Lord; and read." Our God
is not a God on confu-
sion. He did not give us
more than one book. In
His book we find eternal
life. So be careful which
book you obey. The brain
was given to us to know
Him personally and to
know the true meaning of
John 3;16, "For God so
loved the world that he
gave his only begotten
Son that whosoever
believeth in him should
not perish but have ever-
lasting life." In
Ephesians 3:19:....to
know the love of Christ


which passeth -knowl-
edge;" Jesus is the Word
of God. He is God in the
flesh and God called His
Word His Son. His Word
became flesh to be
offered as a sacrifice for
all the world. God's judg-
ment will be according to
His book which is the
inspired Word of God.
"All scriptures is given by
inspiration of God, and is
profitable for doctrine,
for reproof, for correc-
tion, for instruction in
righteousness:" (II
Timothy 3:16) If anyone
doesn't obey this gospel
he will be judged accord-
ing to this gospel.
Anyone who rejects
Christ Jesus will go to
eternity without a Savior.
"He that cometh from
above is above all: he that
is of the earth is earthly,


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and speaketh of the earth;
he that cometh from
heaven is above all." All
the prophets are earthly
but Jesus Christ is the
Creator the only Son of
God. He is above all.
This verse is from the lips
of our Lord and it is very
much neglected. God is
Spirit. When His Spirit
enters our hearts we
become a new creation,
heavenly, saved, forgiv-
en, and our eyes will be
enlightened to understand
the mysteries of Heaven.
I praise God that through
the shedding blood of
Jesus we are called saints,
secured in Him. The
Bible says, give diligence
to make your calling and
election sure. Friends be


of good courage, God
chose us for these days
for a purpose. WE are in
these days in a warfare to
fight the good fight of
faith. "Preach the word:
be instant in season; out
of- season; reprove.
rebuke, exhort, with all
longsuffering and doc-
trine." Not every church
is a Christian church. the
Christian church is called
the bride and will be in
heaven forever.
Remember Satan comes
as an angel of light and
assures every religious
leader that what he
believes his right. Satan
is blinding 85% of the
people on earth and lead-

(contioned on page 13)


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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

NORTH CAROLINA / SOUTH CAROLINA 2


Massabni
(continued from page 12)
ing them to Hell. After
the rapture of the
Christian church many
churches and mosques
will be still full of their
congregations including
pastors. if you read
Matthew 24, and
Revelation 6-18, you will
be scared to continue to
live the same way you
live now. Romans 9:12-
13, "It was said unto her,
The elder shall serve the
younger. As it is written,
Jacob have I loved, but
Esau have I hated."
Because people reject
Jesus ignorantly, II
Corinthians 4:3-4, "But is
our gospel be hid, it is hid
to them that are lost: In
whom the god of this
world hath blinded the
minds of them which
believe not, lest the light
of the glorious gospel of

(continued on page 26)


Samaha
(continued from page 3)
but are also deeply rooted
in their ecclesiastical his-
tory and religious
thought. For while the
one, holy, catholic, and
apostolic Church founded
by Jesus Christ is unified,
the Church certainly is
not uniform in all aspects.
Basic Understandings
To understand clearly
the situation it is impor-
tant to establish basic
understanding of some
fundamental points.
In the context of study-
ing the Church, a rite
refers to a local Church or
specific tradition, not to
ceremony or ritual.
A particular Church
means a style or way of
living Christianity, a cul-
tural mentality toward
practicing the Gospel, a
community of faith with a
distinct, ancient tradition.
A Church, or particular
body of the Universal
Church, includes a dis-.


tinct approach to theolo-
gy, spirituality, liturgy,
and church law. It is
characterized by its own
cultural and linguistic
influences.
A particular Church
enjoys autonomy and
independence.
All Eastern Catholic
Churches (Rites) are
united in the same pro-
fession of faith, in the
same celebration of the
Mysteries (Sacraments),
and in the same hierar-
chical unity.
The Pentarchy
The different
Churches evolved histor-
ically and culturally from
several ancient centers of
Christianity where vari-
ous expressions of Jesus
Christ's Gospel message
developed. Those cen-
ters were the ancient
patriarchal- sees of the
Pentarchy: Antioch,
A l e x an d r i a,
C o n stan tin o p1 e,,
Jerusalem and Rome.-


Until the schism of the
East, which occurred
after more than a millen-
nium of Christianity, the
Church of Christ was
organized on a kind of
federal basis. There were
flexible groupings which
included a particular geo-
graphical area and
Christians of similar
background and heritage.
There were five distinct
areas, each with a chief
bishop called a patriarch.
The five patriarchates
were named for their see
cities:- Jerusalem,
Antioch, Alexandria,
Constantinople, Rome.
Rome was referred to as
the Patriarchate of the
West. The other patriar-
chates were in the East.
A Historical
Perspective
Antioch was the first
headquarters of the
Church until St. Peter
moved to Rome. It
remained an important
(continued on page 26)


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003
CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA

Congressman "I am especially con- Joeseph mer mayor of Erwin, also
Coble cerned with these remarks spoke of the outstanding H O LISTIC
given your position as (continued on page 2) leadership and philan-
(continued from page !) Chairman of the House thropic spirit of Mr.
and un-American. The Judiciary Subcommittee community, Mr. Joseph Joseph. H EA LTH
vast majority of Japanese on Crime, Terrorism and was the second mayor of "He was outspoken but
Americans who were Homeland Security. Erwin, serving from 1971 honest. And he gave a lot CLIN IC
unconstitutionally the 1940s While the Associated to 1979. Other involve- of underprivileged chil-
cerated in the 1940's Press article of February ments include former dren help with clothing
were American citizens, president of the Erwin and other assistance. Carl Trent Augustus, M.D.
and therefore enjoyed the 5th quoting your com- Chamber of Commerce, "We are losing one
same constitutional guar- ments indicated that you member of Sacred Heart from the oldest group
antees as any other disagreed with a caller Catholic Church, former who started everything Homeopathy
American, regardless of who stated that Arabs in member of the N.C. around Erwin."
their national origin. the United States should National Guard and board Mr. Joseph was the Flower Essence
"To suggest that the be confined, you never- member of Central sone of Ghantous Richa
internment of these citi- theless indicated your Carolina Bank (CCB) in and Saleemy Joseph. Acupuncture
zens was for their own belief that there is a body Erwin. In addition to his sons
protection is misleading of Arab Americans in this Joe Johnson, president he is survived by his Integrative Counseling
and an insulting rationali- country who are "intent of the Erwin Historical daughters-in-law, Sallie Integrative Counseling
zation of one of our on doing harm to us." Society; said Mr. Joseph Ann and Sandra joseph,
nation's most egregious That presumption is both was a man who 'truly five grandchildren and Internal Medicine
violations of its citizens' false and hurtful Arab loved the town of Erwin. four great grandchildren.
civil liberties. While Americansd hurtful. Arab His death is a tremendous A rosary will be held at House Calls
civil liberties. While Americans are loyal, loss, he said. Price Funeral Home
some Italian and German patriotic, and dedicated to "He (M. Joseph) was a Chap Funeral today at 6 p.m.
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gram disproportionately Many serve in the ast mile for the for the friends from 6:30 p.m. to
focused on Japanese Administration, in town of Erwin. he was 8 p.m.
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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA


Mousa
(continued from page 11)
working part time for
Flood Engineers,
Architects, Planners Inc.,
in Jacksonville, learning
the robes of roadways and
sewage treatment plants.
he joined them full-time
after graduating.
After more than a
decade in the private sec-
tor, Mousa joined the city


Meekness
(continued from page 15)
any harm, injury, pain,
bodily or otherwise to the
person. Quarrels should
not be picked up on tri-
fling matters. (25:73) If,
on the other hand, the
opponent does inflict
bodily or otherwise sub-
stantial harm to the per-
son, then the moral condi-
tion of meekness does not
come into effect and
fades away. The oppo-
nent, then, should be
checked--not to be capa-
ble of inflicting further
injury to the person


in 1987 during the
administration of Mayor
Tommy Hazouri.
It was Salem A. Salem,
the public works director
at the time, who recruited
Mousa, after dealing with
him while Mousa was
with Flood. He said
Mousa was a great hire
from the start.
"He watches out for
taxpayers" money as if it
was his own, Salem said.

exhibiting meekness.
Another principle in the
moral condition of meek-
ness is to turn away, the
word or deed, which is
frivolous or .vain, with
that which is, better. It
could have .a positive
effect on the opponent. It
could be that the oppo-
nent is attracted towards
friendship rather than
enmity. (41:35)
Differences of opinions,
disagreements, do occur
at personal, national or
international levels. All
these matters of disturb-
ing peace must be
resolved to avoid further


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Since Mousa's been
with the city, he's been
city engineer, an appoint-
ment by Hazouri, and
director of Pubic Works,
an appointment by Mayor
Ed Austin.
He was the only city
director reappointed
when Delaney entered
office and he was moved
into the position of
deputy chief administra-
tive officer in 1997. Three
years later, he moved into
his current $191,356-a-
year salaried position,
where he answers directly
to Delaney.
Salem points to the
fact that Mousa survived
three mayors as confirma-
tion that he knows what
he's doing.


"That doesn't happen
unless you excel at your
job," Salem said.
City Councilwoman
Gwen Yates, who
worked for the city for 26
years, part of that time
with Mousa, looks at
Mousa as a can-do guy.
"If it's possible, he can
do it immediately. If it's
impossible, then it takes
him a couple days," Yates
said.
You won't hear any
argument from Susie
Wiles, Delaney's former
chief of staff.
"He's absolutely the
person hat any mayor
would want to take into
the foxhole with him to
accomplish anything at
hand," Wiles said.


conflict and tension. For ferences, in face to face
a peaceful life, peace is talk together, then the
always better, rather than matter should come to the
a life of disagreement and attention of another per-
tension, at home or son or body, empowered
abroad. If the two people,
can not resolve their dif-
(continued on page 31)

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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

MARYLAND / VIRGINIA / WASHINGTON D.C.


The Egyptian Museum

opens its vaults

Situated in central Cairo the Egyptian Museum
has amassed a collection of more than 160.000
objects over the past hundred years.


For years, priceless
treasures of ancient
Egyptian art were hidden
in boxes, crammed In
corners ana stacked in
piles on the floor in the
storage basement of
Cairo's Egyptian
Museum. Protected by a
sealed and guarded door
accessible to only a select
few, the cluttered base-
ment guarded its secrets
like a tomb. When the
Egyptian Museum
opened in 1902 it con-
tained 36,000 objects. In
the 100 years since, its
collection has grown to
160,000, far more than it
was ever designed to
hold. Curators filled
every nook and cranny of
the two-story museum,
including the basement
where .80,000 objects lay
covered in dust beneath
the floor of the decaying
neo-Classical building. In
preparation for the muse-
um's centenary celebra-
tions last December, the
Supreme Council of


Antiquities (SCA) gave
orders to search the dark
and musty basement for
forgotten treasures that
would be used in a special
exhibit of 250 rarely-seen
ancient Egyptian arte-
facts. The exploration of
the basement was an
archaeological exhibition
in itself.
"We excavated the
basement," says Elham
Salah, the museum's head
curator for 16 years. "We
found many surprises."
While many of the
basement's artifacts are
tagged, their dusty yel-
lowed labels are often
illegible. Some of the
objects are recorded in
the museum's 59-volume
catalogue, others are reg-
istered at provincial
museums. However, all
previous attempts to
organise the contents of
the eerie vault had failed.
Inside the dimly-lit store-
room, statues collect
coLwebs, funerary goods
crowd boxes and mum-


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mies peer out of open cas-
kets. "Really, it's not so
scary," says Salah, lean-
ing forward as if to share
a secret. "I can walk
around without any light.
But, I have spent years
down there."
Museum staff and
restoration experts spent
months scouring the base-
ment and 15 antiquities
storehouses nationwide to
select the 250 finest
pieces for the exhibition.
"It wasn't 'that easy to
choose," says Salah.
Thousands of pieces were
put before a committee,
which judged them
according to historic
value, provenance, func-
tion, condition and artis-


tic merit. Salah's personal
favourite, a stela, or stone
column, dedicated to the
god Osiris, did not make
the final cut.
"I liked it, but I was
just one part of a commit-
tee." Jaws dropped when
the SCA gave instructions
to clear out seven rooms
in the basement to display
the exhibition. Workers
knocked a hole in the side
of the building to create a
new entrance to the base-
,ment and lowered the
floor by 60 centimetres to
create adequate head-
room. Modern display
and lighting systems were
installed, while restora-

(continued on page 17)


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Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

MARYLAND


Egyptian Museum
(continued from page 16)
tion experts worked
around the clock to pre-
pare the 250 items in time
for the exhibit's opening.
"It was hard work,"
says Salah. "Really, I can-
not believe we finished it.
I was shouting and cry-
ing."
Entitled The Hidden
Treasures of the Egyptian
Museum, the landmark
exhibition includes 40
artefacts of Pharaoh
Tutankhamun, who ruled
Egypt in the 14th century
BC. Funerary boats, gold
amulets and jewellery
found in the young king's
tomb are on display to the
public for the first time.
Other highlights include
three restored copper stat-
ues of Pepi I, the founder
of the Fifth Dynasty, gold
jewellery recovered dur-
ing underwater excava-
tions in Alexandria's har-
bour and the mummies of
two children from the
tomb of a governor in the
Western Desert. In stark
contrast to the museum's
crowded galleries, most
of the objects in the base-
ment exhibition are dis-
played as small collec-
tions in humidity-con-


trolled glass cases with
sophisticated fibre optic
lighting. However, some
objects did not receive the
protection they deserve.
"It's not the right way
to exhibit," admits curator
Mahmoud Ibrahim, point-
ing to an uncovered basalt
stela that visitors are con-
tinually touching.
However, a lack of time
and funds forced the
museum staff to make a
few concessions in the
otherwise extraordinary
exhibit.
The opening of the
basement exhibition coin-
cided with a facelift to the
two-story building above
it. The museum received
a fresh coat of paint and
spotlights were added to
illuminate its palatial
facade. Inside, exhibits
were spruced up and
plans to install new light-
ing and air conditioning
systems implemented.
"Air conditioning was of
course not considered 100
years ago," says
Mamdonih EI-Damaty, the
museum's general direc-
tor. "It will be a big prob-
lem to install central air
conditioning because the
ceiling is very high."
Glass windows on the
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years ago to help keep the,
temperature down during
the hot summer months
when the temperature
inside the museum can
exceed 400C. This has
left most of the museum's
exhibits in perpetual twi-
light. The wooden display
cabinets are also expected
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Many appear as old as the
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leries have also been
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Construction is now in
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that will house a confer-
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centre 'and a fully
equipped restoration lab-
oratory. "The new educa-
tion centre will include
three units," says El-
Damaty. These will offer
a workshop for children
to make models from


replicas, a six-month
course on ancient
Egyptian art and language
and a special training
course- for SCA restora-
tion specialists. However,
the renovations come as
the Egyptian Museum
prepares to lose its place
as the country's main
museum. An international
competition is being held
to design a new $350m
state-of-the-art museum
near the Giza Pyramids
on the outskirts of Cairo.
Most of the old museum's
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ferred to the new facility
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5,000 objects will remain
in the old museum, which
will become a showcase
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"Both museums will be
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former director of the
Egyptian Museum.
"This old museum is
now a monument and it
gives the idea of exhibit-
ing as it was at the b, gin-
ning of the last cen' try,"
he adds.


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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

TENNESSEE


Lebanon is embark -
ing on a series of ambi -
tions privatization pro -
grammes to help bal -
ance its budget. The
latest, the privatization
of two airports, has
received a mixed recep -
tion.

Lebanon has taken the
initial steps towards the
privatization of Beirut
International Airport and
the Rene Mouawad
Airport in Qleiaat with the
establishment of a Civil
Aviation Committee.
The new committee
replaces the old
Directorate of Civil
Aviation which comprised
12 departments and
employed 400 civil ser-
vants. It will now be ratio-
nalised to just three depart-
ments: the Department of
Transport, the Department
of Aviation Safety, and E'
the Administrative
Department. Parliament
gave the. government,
under the Public Works


Ministry, the right to
establish "the Beirut
International Airport
Corporation, specify its
capital and set down by-
laws for the formation of
its administrative board."
The mandate was
approved by parliament in
December. The committee
will be answerable to the
Public Works Ministry and
will oversee the private
company established to
run the airports subsequent
to the privatization and
provide a regulatory and
advisory role.
The government will
still set overall policy, take
decisions on appeals,
resolve disputes and over-
see accident investiga-
tions. Meanwhile, the
committee will be respon-
sible for economic regula-
tion including air transport
licensing, fares and tariff
regulation, negotiation of
international agreements
and safety regulation
including licensing, stan-
dards and certification.
The Corporation will also
ensure that the basic prin-


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salaries. This means that
supplements to statutory
retirement payment will
range between LL30m
($20,000) and LL200m
($133,000). Workers in the
electricity sector, which is
also undergoing privatisa-
tion, can only expect set-
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(continued on page 19)


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

TENNESSEE 2


Private Progress
(continued from page 18)

Privatisation Law 228,
which includes the proviso
that private investment
should not exceed 30
years. The privatization of
Beirut airport will be made
through a public invitation
to tender. Public Works
and Transport Minister
Najib Mikati commented
on the draft law: "This step
allows flexibility in. the
running of the civil avia-
tion sector, makes it meet
international standards and
facilitates its develop-
ment." He also remained
confident that the law
would preserve the rights,
benefits and security of
workers in the aviation
sector. The Civil Aviation
Committee will also be
commissioned to establish
a similar corporation for
the Rene Mouawad
Airport.
This privatization, how-
ever, is likely to be less
appealing to prospective
investors. The facility at
Qleiaat is not currently
operational, only has one
runway and little in the
way of necessary infra-
structure. Industry sources
say unless the government
is prepared to invest sub-
stantial funds in develop-
ing the facility, it will be
viewed by investors as the
disinterested disposal of a
lacklustre asset, rather
than a compelling invest-
ment opportunity. The
transport minister howev-
er, remains optimistic. Mr
Mikati believes privatisa-


tion at Qleiaat will "boost
economic growth and
development in the North
and create job opportuni-
ties. The workshop for the
preparation of the terms of
reference and regulatory
decrees has already started
and recommendations will
soon be forwarded to the
Council of Ministers for
final approval." Potential


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investors remain skeptical,
saying that without any
government support for
the privatization, the
Qleiaat project is doomed.
This new privatization
process follows legislation
passed in August 2002
authorizing a partial sell-
off of the electricity sector.
The Lebanese government
hopes to reap revenues of
$lbn from state sales dur-
ing 2004 and 2005. Prime
Minister Rafiq Hariri is
keen to distance the gov-
ernment from currently
state-owned assets, to
avoid political meddling-in
national bodies: "Some
people here don't want pri-
vatisation because it will
weaken their grip on the


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state-owned institutions. If
we privatise the state
assets, politicians will no
longer have leverage over
these companies." The
prime minister sees pri-
vatisation as a means of
raising revenues to help
reduce public debt and
control widening budget
deficits but declares it is
"not the end of the state
but rather the end of
pressure on the
state." Another pow-
erful argument for
the privatization of
airports is the suc-
cess Lebanon has
been enjoying from
attracting tourists
post-11 September.
By the end of
.. November 2002,
I arrivals had reached
885,173, an increase
of 12% compared
with 2001. The high-
est number of arrivals
were Arabs, who account-
ed for 44%, up by 18%
from last year, followed by
Europeans at 25% and
Asians at 13%. According
to Pierre Ashqar, president
of the Lebanese Hotel
Association, the country is
"witnessing a resurgence.
in the inter-Arab tourism it


lost during its civil war."
Tourism in Lebanon
accounts for 7% of GDP,
compared to 20% in 1974.
A national tourism plan,
Horizon 2005, seeks to
attract an additional
500,000 tourists which
should create 20,000 new
jobs. The ministry even
plans tourism advertise-
ments on CNN during the
first quarter of 2003.
This boost to the coun-
try's coffers, irrespective
of any conflict in Iraq, can
only be achieved if the-air-
ports are able to welcome
an influx of visitors. The
prime minister has invited
"Lebanese and Arab
investors to take part in the
privatization programme
in Lebanon" and assured
them that he will 'personal-
ly make sure that Ai
administrative probh ms
are removed for potential
investors." In addition,
foreign airlines have been
invited to make unlimited
trips to Beirut airport.
These assurances and ini-
tiatives, coupled with the
generous retirement pack-
ages to workers, show a
willingness by the govern-
ment to make the Beirut
airport sell-offla success.


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

TENNESSEE / ALABAMA


Blue Jeans

Textiles

For four millennia indigo, most
famously known for providing
the 'blue' of denim jeans, has
been used in the Middle East.


Indigo dyeing has
been in continuous use
in the Arab world for
nearly four millennia
dating back as far as
2,400 BC in Egypt. The
Leyda Papyrus (Egypt
II-1 century BC)
describe in detail vat
dyeing processes, while
a cuneiform Assyrian-
Babylonian tablet from
the seventh century BC
gives a recipe for
"Imitation purple"
using a succession of
immersions in madder
and indigo baths.
During the age of th
Roman Empire,
coloured fabrics in-
precious dyes were
diplomatic gifts, a sign


of leadership and
imperial monopoly.
Indigo's popularity and
economic value
reached a peak during
the Middle Ages when
it was the most
important vegetable
dye for blue colour,
also known as "blue
gold". The dye
permeated onto the skin
and to have blue skin
was a sign of wealth.
indigo has also
significantly influenced
much of the fashion of
today's world since for
a large part of 20th
century, indigo was the
dye used to colour the
ubiquitous denim jeans
international ubiquitous


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denim jeans
international symbol of
youth, freedom and
equality and who hasn't
owned a pair? Sadly,
the indigo now used for
jeans is synthetically
produced but a
preference' for natural
dyes such as indigo in
the fashion collections
of up-and-coming
young' designers,
including Olivier
Lapidus, is exactly the
sort of high profile
exposure that could
help revive this dying
craft. Indigo also has
many medicinal
applications. It is used
as an antiseptic, a cure
for minor skin
complaints-including
baldness-as an
antidote for poisons
and, when mixed with
honey, as a treatment
for gangrene. In Africa
it is used to treat
roundworm and in
China indigo is
employed as an emetic.
The Chinese also extol
the virtues of indigo in
helping to detoxify the
liver and blood, to
reduce inflammation,
alleviate pain and
reduce fever. In the last
two years, French
molecular biologists
have isolated indirubin,
a competent of indigo
as being effective in


treating certain strains
of leukaemia. Scien- 3
tists have discovered
that indirubin is able to
help block the division
of cancerous cells,
which could give the
plant a whole new
future. Indigo can be
used to dye animal
fibres (wool or silk),
cellulose fibres, leather
and basketry.
Eighteenth century
European dyers
dassified at least 13
different shades of
indigo blue.

Both in Egypt and
Palestine it would have
come from the woad
isatis tinctoria, whereas
the rest of the Arab
world uses the indi-
gafera genus, which is
native to the Near and
Middle East and North
Africa. The indigofera
genus comprises 700
species, five of which
were identified in
Yemen in the ISth cen-
tury, 14 in Egypt, 14 in
Oman (10 in the Dhofar
province) and and 25 in
North Yemen, although
only a few produce
indigo. It is a tolerant
genus and will grow
successfully anywhere
between sea level and
an altitude of 5,000

(continued on page 21)


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Page 21- .----------------------- THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

ALABAMA


Jeans
(continued from page 20)
feet. The 19th century
explorers, SB Miles,
Bertram Thomas and
Wilfred Thesiger iden-
tified indigo as one the
main crops of the
region. Indigo produc-
tion was once common
in the Omani areas of
Ibri, Dhofar, Bahla,
Nizwa, Rustaq and
other areas of the
Batinah Coast. Prior to
1979 there were 20
dyers at work in Ibri
but by the mid 1980s
only one man was left
plying his craft. Indigo
production was all but
extinct. However,
thanks to a series, of
11th hour initiatives,
today, natural indigo
dyeing is the subject of
revival projects around
the world, from areas as
diverse as South
America, Bangladesh
and Oman.

In Oman the dyeing
had all but ceased, in
1992 and there .had
been no planting for
two years. It was at that
time that the craft was
recognized as being
seriously endangered
and became the object
of a special Omani
Heritage Gallery
(OHG) project. The


mission of OHG is to
preserve, perpetuate
and promote Oman's
living heritage through
the creation of income
generating opportuni-
ties for traditional arti-
sans throughout the
country. As Stephanie
Benson, the project
coordinator, explained
the Omani Indigo
Revitalisation Project is
one such example. The
scheme also received a
grant from the US
Ambassador's Award
for cultural preserva-
tion, which provided
initial funds for the pur-
chase of new dyeing
and dye-making mate-
rials. The art of indigo
is generally divided
into three components,
namely cultivation of
the indigo yielding
plant, production of the
dyestuff and, finally,
the dyeing process,,
often carried out in dif-
ferent geographical
locations. The Omani
Ministry of Social
Affairs and
Development identified
an area of land in the
Interior, as having been
used for indigofera cul-
tivation many years
ago, so the quality of
the land was believed
to be high, since
indigofera tinctoria is a
nitrogen rich, fertilising


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plant. The plot under
cultivation is in this
area. After the seeds are
sown the first irriga-
tion, rafita, takes place.
The second irrigation
follows 20-25 days
later and then every 15
days after that. The lack
of rain in Oman for the
last four years has
meant water to irrigate
the fields has had to be
trucked in, as the tradi-
tional falaj system in
the Bahla area could
not provide enough
water. If the drought
continues the additional
financial cost of trans-
porting water could be
a problem for the proj-
ect to be economically
viable.

The first cut is car-
ried out 70 days after
the third irrigation. The
dye making process
then takes two days.-


The first day of dye
making is known as Hil
Ain, the second day
Masoul. The khablya,
large hand coiled pots,
used for the processing
come from nearby
Bahla, a traditional pot-
tery centre. Each
khabiya is filled with
water and a measured
amount of plant materi-
al. A colourless sub-
stance called indican is
found in the dye plants,
when the plant leaves
are soaked in water the
indican goes through a
process of hydrolysis.
and is converted to a
glucoside called
indoxyl. It is the addi-
tion of oxygen by
lerigthy and vigorous
beating of the ferment-
ing liquid that converts
the indoxyl into indig-
otin, which eventually

(continued on page 24"


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Page 22 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

LOUISIANA / MISSISSIPPI


Dr. Moises
(continued from pag
time he will b
statements o
program he has
to increase inte
membership
Federation, as
soliciting supp4
the clubs and me

And his
follows:

MESSA(
FROM T
VICE PRESI

As the ye
comes to an en
look to 2003 as
growth and pros
the Southern F
May you and yi
lies be blessed w
and happiness
upcoming year
your good fortu
to those around
My recent
Lebanon was an
table experience
changed my life
cial way. I had t
tunity to share m
events with
Federation frie
and new. Thi
food culture a
scape were un
other place I ha


We routinely speak of the
e 1) rich heritage and culture
e issuing of the people of Syrian
n the and Lebanese descent, yet
planned you experience it once
rest and you visit the old country.
in the They are a strong people
well as through all the complexi-
ort from ties present in the same
embers. way the Southern
Federation is a great
message organization. What
makes us strong is the
unity in our diversity and
iE common link to cultural
HE value innate to us all.
IDENT Lebanese Syrian
Americans are truly a
ar 2002 special group of people.
d, let us I look forward to see-
a year of ing everyone at the Mid-
perityfor Winter Masquerade in
federation. Baton Rouge, February
our fami- 14-16. Mary Mowad
ith health Howell, Kamal Zaher, the
in the conference committee.
and may The Cedars Club of Baton
ne spread rouge and The Heritage
you Club of Baton Rouge
trip to have worked very hard to
unforget- organize what will be a
that has 'Good Time on the Bayou'
in a spe- Come get some Mardi
he oppor- Gras kingcake and hot
memorable crayfish and dance all
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Warmest'regards,

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Cedars Club
(continued from page 1)
guests, 102 members and
guests were in atten-
dance. In President
Mansour's address to the
club she stated how sup-
portive and active the
Cedars of Lebanon Club
has been in the
Federation. Members
have served on the
Federation Executive
Board, Chairman of the
Executive Board,
President of the
Federation, as well as
presently, having Alfred
Katool serve as
Federation parliamentari-
an, Jordan Katool as
Youth Affiliate Vice
President, and Miriam
Koury as Federation
Secretary.
A social hour was held


prior to the dinner and
festivities. Although, we
had some traditional food
such as turkey and dress-
ing, the highlight was the
delicious kibbee and
meat pies made by the
ladies of the club. We
also had quite an array of
appetizers and delicious
desserts. The lovely fes-
tive decoration was
designed and provided by
Joan Moore.
Entertainment was
provided by Norma
Chedid who played on
her keyboard and led the
group in .singing of
Christmas Carols. Her
final song was a solo
which she sang in Arabic
about the birth of Christ.
It was very beautiful and
inspiring to all. Gifts
(continued on page 25)


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

TEXAS


Eight Is Enough
(continued from page 1
Dallas. Despite the
stresses of raising 10 chil-
dren, strengthening fami-
ly ties were rarely over-
shadowed by spending
time at the office for
Lawrence, and the focus
'father passed his priority
list down to his children.
With 10 children follow-
ing one another in work,
as well as play, it would
seem there could be room
for insecurity and toe
stomping. According to
the siblings, feeling com-
petitive was replaced with
feeling challenged to do
well. Each one created
for the next person a level
of performance that basi-
cally became your goal.
Larry Ackels, civil liti-
gator and partner at
Ackels and Ackels L.L.P.
remembers the days when
he tagged along with his
father to watch him work
as a judge. "Some young-
ster was accused of
speeding and he (my
father) was trying to give
him some advice. He had
more of a fatherly
approach and I liked
that", he said.
Mary Emma Karam
Counsel to Dallas firm
Jackson Walker decided
to become a lawyer the
summer she filled in for


her father's secretary. The
job was difficult, and
when her brothers made
comments about her pos-
sible future as their secre-
tary, mary Emma Knew
her career path was not
going to include being
someone's personal assis-
tant. i remember thinking
what a hardjob. it was the
turning point for me. That
moment I made up my
mind nad never looked
back.
Miriam said of the
experience working in the
district attorney's office
was a life changing event.
itg was in those early
days that she made a dici-
sion. She wanted to be a
lawyer. The trek into law
was sparked by watching
others, but it has been sus-
tained by two 'other fac-
tors, the desire to give
back to the community
and the sheer love of law.
It's a natural consequence
of the way our parents
raised us said Miriam a
partner at Dallas-based
family law firm of Webb
and ackels P.C. you are
not going to find any low
acheivers in my family. If
it is not unusual enough
to have seven siblings in
the same profession, con-
sider these facts: Larry
practices with three
brothers. henry, Joseph
and Gregory, as well as


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his father. my father is 79
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Page 24 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

TEXAS 2


New Muslim Office
(continued from page 1
announced today that it
has opened a new office
in Houston, Texas.
CAIR-Houston-based
Islamic civil rights and
advocacy group has
nationwide and in
Canada.
The new CAIR-
Houston office will assist
the local Muslim commu-
nity in dealing with issues
related to political partici-
pation, civil rights and
interfaith dialogue.
Upcoming, events
planned by the office
include a public forum on
new INS registration,
requirements for Muslim
visa-holders and a voter
registration drive at local
mosques. There are exist-
ing CAIR offices in
Austin and Dallas/Forth-
Worth.
(The CAIR-Houston
INS forum will take place
February 11 at the
University of Houston).
"We will work to
address the needs of a


growing Muslim popula-
tion and will promote tol-
erance and religious
diversity in our communi-
ty," said CAIR-Houston
President Tarik Hussein.
Hussein said a recent
CAIR-Houston fundrais-
ing event was sold out.
"The expansion of
CAIR nationwide reflects
a growing awareness in
the American Muslim
community that civil lib-
erties and religious free-
dom can only be main-
tained through active
social and political partic-
ipation at the local level,"
said CAIR Board
Chairman Omar Ahmad.
Ahmad added that CAIR
plans to open four more
offices around the coun-
try over the next few
months.
There are several hun-
dred thousand Muslims in
Texas, seven million in
America and some 1.2 bil-
lion worldwide. Islam is
one of the fastest growing
religions in this country
and around the world' "For
background on the


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Jeans
(continued from page 21)

becomes the insoluble
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khabiya. On the second
day, the indigo will be
separated from the
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This entire procedure,


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Heritage Award
(continued from page 5)
received his law degree in
1948 at Southern
Methodist School of Law.
He married his lite wife
in 1949. She, too, was of
Lebanese descent. They
taught their 10 children
through heritage and the
Southern Federation. Our
recipient is a charter mem-
ber of the Southern
Federation and attended
the first convention at
Beaumont in 1932. He
served as Vice-President
of the Federation and was
voted Man of the Year in
1961. He was elected
President of the Federation
for 1962-1963. He is a
founder and organizer of
the Southern Federation
Foundation. He served as
President and later
Secretary of the
Foundation.
He served on the
Executive Board, The
Board of Governors and a
member of the Past
Presidents Advisory. He is
a member of the Knights
(continued on page 19)


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Manziel
(continued from page 5)
many other Federation
women to follow.
She served as the first
woman on our Federation
Board of Directors, and
then she and her husband,
Bobby Manziel, did
something innovative-
something that would
alter the scholarship for-
mat forever. You may not
know it, but between
1949 and 1956 there was
only one (1) scholarship
given each year, and that
was the coveted Khalil
Gibran Scholarship given
by the Board itself.
Dorothy and her husband
Bobby decided that it was
time to broaden our hori-
zons. They took up the
banner and the cause and
pledged to give a person-
al scholarship for a period
of 10 years. Their schol-
arship stood alone for that
entire time.
It took 10 years, but
finally in 1965, the idea
caught on and two other
individual scholarships
were given. The program
then grew into what it is


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today-over 60 scholar-
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mately $47,000.00 yearly.
Believe it or not,
Dorothy has given a
scholarship for 27 years
and continues to do so
today, honoring the mem-
ory of her granddaughter,
Deborah Lynn Manziel.
She has served on various
Federation committees
including the mid-winter
conference in her home-
town, Tyler, Texas. She is
an independent oil opera-
(continued on page 27)


Cedars Club
(continued from page22)

were presented to the
children, which needless
to say, was a great "hit".
It has become a tradition
that at every Christmas
party all the club mem-
bers guess who many
gum drops are in-a jar that
is filled and sealed by Bga.
Katool. This year oneof


our members, Betty Jo
Thomas guessed the exact
amount, 141.
As the members come
to the party, they fill a
basket with don, ions.
The members thea vote
on a special charity to
donate the money. The
contribution was divided
among four local chari-
ties.
Election of officers for
2003-2004 was conduct-
ed. They are as follows:
President, Pat Moore;
Vice President, Anthony
Thomas; Secretary, Gina
Koury Jackson;
Treasurer, Alfred Katool,
Sr.; and Sergeant at Arn ,
Peter Buttoss.
Board of Directors
elected for a two year
term: Lamia Dabit.
Richard Thomas, ano
Nora Walker. Board
Members who have one
year remaining are: Mary
Bishop, Mariam Buttress.
and Ralph Wakeam.


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Page -21= -, 5 !Tii STROAN :LTBANEW ESTA- W- -- __-__` ___-- -M~rith"2OO03

OKLAHOMA/ITEXAS,


Meekness
(continued from page 13)
center of Christianity for
several centuries.
Constantinople became
the most important and
powerful patriarchal see,
for it was the capital of
the Byzantine and the
Rome worlds.
The pope, the Bishop
of Rome, was Patriarch of
the West. He was the
chief bishop of the patri-
archs, the first among
equals, because he was
the successor of St. Peter,
the first bishop. It was his
special office to arbitrate
decisively everywhere in
ecclesiastical disputes.
But in respect to juris-
diction in its own area,
each patriarchate enjoyed


independence in adminis-
tration. Each exercised
the right to appoint its
own hierarchy, to legis-
late for itself, and to
engage in its own liturgy
of worship. Uninvited
intervention in the inter-
nal affairs of another
patriarchate was not toler-
ated.
As Patriarch of the
Western Church, the
pope's jurisdiction was
not more extensive than
that of the other patri-
archs in ordinary matters.
In actuality, the pope
played two roles which
had to be distinguished.
On the other hand, he was
patriarch of an area with
the authority to manage
or govern that particular
geographic area..


Heritage Award years, and on the Dallas
(continued from page 25) City Council in 1972-
of Lebanon Club. He 1973. He is a member of
and his four sons have the Dallas Bar Association
their law practice in where he chaired the
Dallas, Texas. He Senior Lawyer in 1997-
served as a Corporation 1998. He also chaired
Court Judge for 10 numerous other commit-



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Massabni
(continued from page 13)

Christ, who is the image
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them." In Micah 1;3, For
behold the Lord cometh
forth out of his place and
will come down and tread
fire. Isaiah 13:10: "For
the stars of heaven and
the constellations thereof
shall not give their light:
the sun shall be darkened
in his going forth, and the
moon shall not cause her
light to shine." I wonder
if the treasures of the
atom is in Christ. God
said return unto me and
be ye saved before it will
be too late. For I am God
and there is none else
beside me. "Thus said the


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church or your religion. I
am asking you if you are
saved! If not repeat this
prayer: Lord forgive all
my sins. I don't deserve
your love that you would
die in my place. Enter my
heart. Rule my life.
Thank you for saving rmy
soul.
His servant,
Fred Massabni


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Page 27 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

OKLAHOMA / NEW MEXICO


Manziel
(continued from page 25)
tor and real estate devel-
oper.
Besides service and
scholarships, she has
given the Federation her
family: a Vice President,
Bobby Manziel; a schol-
arship committee mem-
ber and Woman of the
Year, .Dottie Manziel
Frank; a Federation
President and Man of the
Year son-in-law, William
E. (Bill) Frank; a Young
Adults Secretary-
Treasurer and Youth of
the Year granddaughter,
Jennifer Lynn Frank; and
a Young Adults President
and Youth of the Year
grandson, Jeremy David
Frank.
Dorothy continues to
enjoy many Federation
friendships. Today we
honor Dorothy Nolan
Manziel for vision, lead-
ership and generosity. ''


Differences and
Difficulties
(continued on from page 9)

tion.
Unfortunately the mis-
understanding continued
when some small bodies
of the Orthodox Eastern
Church were reconciled
and restored in their
Roman communion. This
attitude intensified when
Western missionary activ-
ity made the Latin Church
worldwide. Even today it
is important for Western
Catholics to regain
awareness of the distinc-
tion between the pope as
Patriarch of the West and
as Supreme Pontiff.
Unity in Diversity,
Diversity in Unity
Father Paul Coturier,
great apostle of Christian
unity, observed: "So
man,- Cath1Mics'are shut


up in their Church and in
their faith, like others in
their political party. They
yearn for a totalitarian
state. All this has noth-
ing to do with the
gospel."
The Orthodox Eastern
Church and the non-
Chalcedonies Churches
have continued their
patriarchal organization.
For the Byzantine
Churches Constantinople
is still the senior see, the
first among equals.
However, its influence
has lessened. The
Patriarchates of Antioch,
Alexandria and Jerusalem
have also been reduced in
stature by the events of
history, ecclesiastical and
secular.
In 1859 the Russian
Church formed a fifth
Orthodox patriarchate
and declared independ-
ence from


SConstantinople. It had
been one of the last to
hold out against separa-
tion from the Holy See,
but eventually followed
the other Byzantine
churches. In some
respects, the Patriarchate
of Moscow is the most
important of the
Orthodox sees.
At the conclusion of
World War I, the churches
of the Serbs and of the
Romanians became auto-
cephalous (self-govern-
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The Bulgarian church ful-
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followed in 1953.
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Page 28 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

NEVADA / ARIZONA


Arab City
" (continued from page 1)


By Pat
Twair


McDonnell


Los Angeles has
earned a reputation as
the melting pot of the
world. So much so that
it is home to ethnic
groups that no longer
exist in the land they
originated. There are
neighborhoods
designated as Little
Tokyo, China Town,
Little Armenia and
Korea Town. East Los
Angeles is inhabited by-
more than 2.5 million
residents from Mexico.
and Central America.
In nearby Orange
* County, the fastest
growing ethnic group is
located in an eight by
11 block area
designated as Arab
City. Located in
Anaheim, famed for its
Disneyland resort, Arab
City is home to an
estimated 25,000 Arab-
Americans. The total
population of Anaheim
is 175,000.
But if Arab-
Americans continue to
move into Anaheim,
they could exceed
60,000 in 10 years


predicts Ahmad Alam,
a businessman who has
been laying plans for
Arab City since 1996.
The main drag of
Arab City is
Brookhurst Avenue,
often referred to as the
Gaza Strip, here Arab
restaurants proliferate,
grocery stores and
businesses, medical,
legal and dental offices
are identifiable by neon
signs in Arabic. A
towering directory for
one mall reads like a
United Nations roster:
Sizzler, Al-Rayan
Restaurant, Al Sanabel
Bakery, Mexican Food,
Sami Mashney Law
Offices, Al-Anwar
Islamic Fashions,
Cleopatra Hair Designs
and Alaa El Deen
Video, Audio and
Water Pipes.
And that's just one
mini-mall in a couple
of dozen clustered in
Anaheim's Arab City.
Three mosques, three
Eastern Orthodox
churches, the Southern
California headquarters
of the Council on
American Islamic
Relations (CAIR) and
300 licensed businesses
are proof the
community is


deepening its roots
here.
Since opening a real
estate and loan office in
Anaheim in 1995, Alam
staged the first annual
Arab-American Day
Festival in 1996 and
established a bilingual
newspaper, The Arah
Work, in July 1998.
"We print a
minimum run of 12,000
issues weekly and
circulate in 14 different
states," Alam
explained. He runs new
ads for homes and
businesses available in
Arab City. "Readers in
Texas or the East Coast
see these ads and, they
check their location in
the Arab City map and
business directory that
appears in our
newspaper. They
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Disneyland and they
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Alam says he has
personally brought 200
Arab families to
Anaheim in the past six
years and he now is
selling on average one
house a week to Arab-
Americans. He also
deals in business
properties and Arab-
Americans have
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and factories in the city.
"I point OUt that
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atmosphere in the cit '."
Alam admits that six
years ago there we s a
50% vacancy in
Anaheim's commercial
real estate valued at 60
cents per square foot.
Today, there are no

continued on page 29)


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Page 29 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

ARIZONA / COLORADO


Arab City
(continued from page 28)

vacancies and the going'
rate is $1.05 per square
foot. This compares to
$2.50 per square foot in
coastal Costa Mesa and
anywhere from $4 to
$12 in elite Newport
Beach. The average
house in Anaheim sells
for $260,000 to
$550,000; condos
range from $150,000 to
$300,000.
Alam also
established the Arab-
American Council in
1997 which raises
funds for and endorses
political candidates.
His next step is to
establish an Arab City
Chamber of
Commerce.
"We have 300
businesses operated by
Arab-Americans," he
explained, "and it's
time to organize. The
Anaheim Chamber has
800 members and


nearby Garden Grove setback for the sixth"
has a chamber of annual festival slated
commerce of 200 for 21-23 September
businesses. "Bobby 2001 was the terrorist
MacDonald, who attack of 11 September.
started the African "We had to cancel
American Chamber in the festival. I lost
Anaheim is running for $40,000 in deposits
the Anaheim City .
Council.. We've
endorsed him and
as soon as the
election is over in
November, he's .. "
promised to help us. .
form an Arab-
A mer i c a n
Chamber." -
The annual Arab-
American Day Entrepreneur and Arab City
Festivals a pet founder Ahmad Alam


project of Alam who
came to the US from
Lebanon in 1971 at the
age of 17.A highlight of
the first festival was the
flying of a giant
Palestinian" flag that
'was carried by a
parachutist who
jumped from a low-
flying plane over the
fair grounds. A big


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already paid for renting
the fairground, tents,
games, rides and sound
equipment," he said
ruefully. "FBI agents
were staked out in front
of my business offices
for days after... but
eventually they left,
they, knew we were
harm-less," Alam adds.


The entrepreneur
earned a bachelor's'
degree in restaurant and
hotel management from
California State
University at Long
Beach in 1975. "I
worked my way
through college taking
jobs in restaurants
doing everything from
cooking to designing
menus. I never was a
waiter, that is hard
work."
After graduating, he
returned to Lebanon
and landed a job as
manager of a Kentucky
Fried Chicken outlet in
Beirut. Then civil war
broke out. Alam was it
stranded for two weeks
in the basement of the
restaurant as fierce
battles raged overhead.
He was back in
Southern California by
1976 where he
developed a chain of
restaurants in the Los

(continued on pagc 30)


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Page 30 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Arab City
(continued from page 29)
Angeles area. He
married a stunning
Lebanese, Rula, and
began studying real
estate in his spare time.
Why.has he invested
so heavily in
sponsoring an annual
Arab-American Day
Festival which has yet
to break even
financially in seven
years?
"I have four children.
I don't want them to get
lost in the American
melting pot. I want
them to be proud of
their Arab heritage, the
festival is a way to
bring all Arabs -
Egyptians, Syrians,
Palestinians ,
Moroccans, Lebanese,
Algerians, Saudis -


together to celebrate
our food, music and
culture." He notes with
pride that his
American-born
children are fluent
Arabic speakers and
readers. Alam spared
no expenses on the
2002 festival. He paid
the air transportation
for Palestinian Knesset
member Azmi Bishara
to fly to Orange County
and deliver two
speeches during the
three-day fair. The
esteemed Israeli Arab
statesman spoke in
Arabic to community
leaders giving a fiery
speech about
Palestinian aspirations
and later, .in English, he
addressed a crowd
i n c lu d i n g
Congresswoman Linda
Sanchez and


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Congressman Dana
Rorhbacher, the mayor,
police chief and city
council members of
Garden Grove. More
than 50,000 people
attended the festival,
which featured two
concerts by the Middle
East Symphony
Orchestra led by Dr.
Nabil Azzam. Alam's
ambitions seem to have
no boundaries. He
already has collected
commitments for $1.5
million for his dream
project: The Arab
House. But he needs


many more millions
before it becomes
reality. The project ,will
be set on 15 to 20 acres
of land in Southern
California and will
feature a shopping,
mall, park, Arab T'r-,
Centre, corn :.nti,.n
hall, hotel, library an.ni
Arabic handicraft
factories. He foresees
the site as a place
where Arab heads of
state can take up
residence when visiting
the US.

(continued on page 31)


Property

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Page 31 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2003

CALIFORNIA


Arab City
(continued from page 30)
The mall will be a
souq spread over
120,000 square feet
capable of generating
$500,000 income
monthly. The 16-storey
Arab Trade Centre
would house Arab
embassies, consulates,
banks and corporations.
It sounds ambitious, but
judging by his current
successes, the Arab
House may come to
fruition.

Meekness
(continued from page 15)
to act justly to resolve the
differences. Then, the
amicable decision, should
be enforced for a peaceful
life of an individual, not
only at domestic, national
,but, also, at international
'levels. Muslims should
live peacefully, individu-
ally, at home and abroad,
at national and interna-
tional levels. This would,
eventually result in estab-
lishing 'Peace on Earth'.-
Holy Prophet of Islam is
reported to have said:
;"Serve Allah, give food,
spread 'peace'. You will
then enter Paradise."
(Bukhari)


S&P's
Assigned
AAA Rating
To Islamic
Development


Bank International
rating agency Standard
and Poor
s has assigned an AAA
rating to the Jeddah-
based Islamic
Development Bank
(IDB) with a stable
outlook. The rating was
based on the bank's
strong capitalization
and highest
performance of its
development-related
asset portfolio.


Espearans
(continued from page 5)

God's grace and mercy
and thank him for the
many blessings showered
upon us everyday, stated
Mrs. Ayoub.

(editor note: our con-
gratulations and best
wishes. May they contin-
ue to enjoy good health
and happiness for many
more years)


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