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The Syrian Lebanese star ( July 1, 2002 )

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UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities LSTA SLAF
MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
July 1, 2002
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00007

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
July 1, 2002
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00007

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
        page 4
        page 5
    Florida
        page 6
    Georgia
        page 7
    North Carolina/South Carolina
        page 8
    North Carolina's High Country
        page 9
        page 10
        page 11
        page 12
        page 13
    Virginia/Maryland
        page 14
    Virginia/Maryland/Washington, D.C.
        page 15
    Tennessee
        page 16
    Alabama
        page 17
    Louisiana/Mississippi
        page 18
    Houston/Dallas, TX
        page 19
    Austin, TX
        page 20
    Texas
        page 21
    Oklahoma
        page 22
    Oklahoma/New Mexico
        page 23
    Southern California
        page 24
        page 25
        page 26
    California
        page 27
    Recommended Businesses
        page 28
Full Text

U U


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY


SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 40 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
www.syrianlebanesestar.com


xxxx


E


I I


Contribution of Syria and
Lebanon to Western

Civilization


This lecture was
presented at the Annual
Convention in Houston
this past July as part of the
Cultural Committee's on
going effort to inform us
and others of the great
impact our culture has
made to the world.
This is the third and
final part of a series.
My thanks to Richard
and Michel for allowing


me to publish this
wonderful article.

5-The spread of
Christianity
Fifth, it was the people
of Syria and Lebanon who,
during the first three
centuries of the Christian
era, were largely
responsible for the spread
(continued on page 10)


(1 to r) St. Jude Board Chair John Moses, actors Jim
Carrey and Courteney Cox-Arquette and ALSAC Board
Chair Joe Shaker at the 22nd annual Hollywood Gala.
Stars of Hollywood Shine for
St. Jude


"It started as an
anniversary party for one
of Hollywood's biggest
stars. But it became one
of the biggest fund-
raising events in the
history of ALSAC.


New Museum
Honors Diva
of Arabic
Music

More than 25 years
since her death, the
haunting voice of Umm
Kulthoum still brings tears
to the eyes of her millions
of admirers. The diva of
Arabic music, known as
the Kawkab al-Sharq (Star
of the East), brought Egypt


On July 11, 1980, Rose
Marie Thomas, wife of
St. Jude founder Danny
Thomas, organized a
party to celebrate the
fourth wedding
(continued on page 7)


to a standstill on the first
Thursday of every month
as Radio Cairo carried live
broadcasts of her concerts.
Hailing from a poor
family in the Nile Delta,
Umm Kulthoum began
singing professionally at a
(continued on page 9)


Vice President
Mansour


Dr. James
Moises


Announces Announces
Her Intention His Candidacy


to Run for
President
Mary Jo Mansour
announces- her candidacy
for the Office of President
of the Southern
(continued on page 6)

i'+'- '' "=++ -'I++ ,. 1
6-


Rolnik Pleads

Guity to
Federal Hate

Crime
Assistant Attorney
General for Civil Rights
Ralph F. Boyd, Jr. and
United States Attorney
for the District of
Massachusetts Michael
J. Sullivan announced
(continued on page 8)

Census Gives
Partial
Glimpse on
Arab
Population
Data on Arab ancestry
released today by the U.S.
Bureau of the Census tell
part of the story of a
community that has
captured much public
attention since the tragic
events of September 11.
It is estimated that the
(continued on page 10)


for Vice-
President of
the Southern
Federation
I am pleased to
announce that I will be
running for the office of
Vice-President for the
Southern Federation. A
native and current
resident of New Orleans,
Louisiana, I have been
(continued on page 6)

New FBI
Surveillance
Guidelines
A Threat to Civil
Liberties
This FOCUS contains
information about TWO
new sets regulations
announced by Attorney
General Ashcroft this
week.
First--Thursday, the
Senate Judiciary
Committee held hearings
on the decision of the
Attorney General to set
aside guidelines that
restrict the FBI
surveillance of religious
and political
organizations in the
United States.
Critics from all points
on the political spectrum
are concerned that this
action, taken without
consultation with
Congress or civil liberties
organizations, are
severely flawed.
This move by Attorney
General Ashcroft is
(continued on page 8)


Syria Holds Sept. 11 Suspect


The Washington Post-
A key figure in the Sept.
11 plot who fled
Hamburg, Germany, in
October has been held in
secret detention in Syria
after being first arrested in
Morocco and expelled to
Damascus with U.S.
knowledge, according to
German and Arab
intelligence sources.
The debriefing of
Mohammed Haydar
Zammar, a German


citizen of Syrian origin
who has told interrogators
that he recruited key
hijacker Mohammed Atta,
is an example of the way
Sept. 11 has redefined
U.S. engagement with
regimes it once villified.
Syria remains on a
State Department list of
regimes that sponsor
terrorism. And Syrian
officials have begun to
complain that the United
(continued on page 7)


Morocco Arrests Al-Qaida Trainer


Moroccan authorities
have arrested a senior al-
Qaida recruiter kno, n as
"The Bear" who is
suspected of plotting
attacks against Western
interests in Morocco, U.S.
officials said yesterday.
Abu Zubair al-Haili, a
Saudi who weighs more
than 300 pounds, is
considered among the top
25 al-Qaida lieutenants of


Osama bin Laden, the
officials said, speaking on
the condition of
anonymity.
Before Sept. 11, he ran
some of bin Laden's
training camps in
Afghanistan. During the
U.S.-led war against the
Taliban and al-Qaida, he
helped evacuate al-Qaida
operatives from the
(continued on page 9)


Another dream of
Danny Thomas' was
realized in April when a
delegation of St. Jude
Board members and. staff
helped open the
Children's Cancer Center
in Lebanon.
The center, established
by St. Jude in cooperation
with the American
University Medical
Center in Beirut, will
enable 50 child cancer
patients from the region
to be treated each year.
The center will provide
world class health care
that relieves the burden of
area patients having to
travel to Memphis for
treatment.


"With the
establishment of this
center, we expect
Lebanon to become the
(continued on paae 11)


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Danny's Dream Fulfilled
Cancer Clinic Opens in Lebanon


f7 JULY 2002






Ii Page 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002


Jacksonville News
50th Anniversary


Rudy Sawyer Murad


The Souds
Margaret and Merck
Soud celebrated their
60th wedding
anniversary with a
surprise family dinner.
They were married June
14, 1942. She is the
former Margaret
Abdullah.
Their children are
Kenneth Soud, St.
Augustine; Gerald Soud,
Charlotte, N.C.; Janelle
Baggett, Normal Ill.; and
Danny Soud,
Jacksonville.
The Souds have eight
grand-children, and two
great-grand-children.


Mary and Elias Shamaly

The Shamalys
Mary and Elias
"Louis" Shamaly
celebrated their 50th
wedding anniversary with
dinner and dancing with
family and friends at the
Ramada Inn-Mandarin.
They were married June
(continued on page 19)
Deaths
Taghlabi
Dr. M. Saud Taghlabi,
47, of Jacksonville, died
May 27. He was a board-
certified physician,
specializing in Internal
and Critical Care
(continued on page 19)


Ruby Sawyer
Murad
Dallas -Ruby Murad
was born on March 26,
1905 in Palestine, Texas
and received the gift of
eternal life on January 16,
2002 in Dallas, Texas.
For the last four years of
her life, Ruby made her
home with her son and
daughter in law Ralph
and Julia Murad in
Dallas.
She was co-owner of
Murad Cafe with her late
husband Louis (Froggie)
for 27 years. She was a
loyal member of the First
Presbyterian Church of
Tyler, Texas for more
(continued on page 19)


Best Wishes To -
Our Many Syrian & J I
Lebanese Friends Cus tome
& Customers

., 218 First Street Neptune Beach
246-0881
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Jack Karam
Oakdale -Services for
Jack Karam were held at
2:00pm on March 25,
2002 in Sacred Heart
Catholic Church, Oakdale
with the Rev. Fred Russi
officiating. Burial was in
the church cemetery,
under direction of Ardoin,
Oakdale.
Karam, 79, of Oakdale
died Saturday March 23,
2002 in Christus St.
Frances Cabrini Hospital,
Alexandria.
He was a native of
Oberlin and a lifelong
(continued on page 19)

Syrian American
Ladies Club of El
Paso remember
deceased members

El Paso-Twenty-six
members of the Syrian
American Ladies Club
requested a memorial
mass in memory of
deceased, beloved, sister
members of the sixty-
year-old club.
The mass and
memorial was held at St.
George Orthodox Church
on Sunday December 2,
2001. The Very Reverend
Father Jdhad T. Michael
(continued on page 20)


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ALBERTSONS






II Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002


The Power and The Love of God


Who hath believed our
report? and to whom is
the arm of the Lord
revealed? (Isaiah 53:1)
Who hath directed the
Spirit of the Lord, or
being his counsellor hath
taught him? With whom
took he counsel, and who
instructed him, and taught
him in the path of
judgment, and taught him
knowledge, and shewed
to him the way of
understanding? Behold,
the nations are as. a drop
of a bucket, and are
counted as the small dust
of the balance: behold, he
taketh up the isles as a
very little thing. And
Lebanon is not sufficient
to burn, nor the beasts
thereof sufficient for a
burnt offering. All nations
before him are as nothing;
and they are counted to
him less than nothing, and
vanity.
To whom then will ye


liken God? or what


likeness will ye compare
unto him? (Isaiah 40:13-
18)
Have ye not known?
have ye not heard? hath it
not been told you from the
beginning? have ye not
understood from the
foundations of the earth?
It is he that sitteth upon
the circle of the earth, and
the inhabitants thereof are
as grasshoppers; that
stretcheth out the heavens
as a curtain, and spreadeth
(continued on page 20)


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Best Wishes From
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(904) 268-5575
9735-15 Old St. Augustine Rd. Jacksonville, FL


According to the
Qur'an God made Mary
and Jesus a sign, a witness
to faith: "And We made
the son of Mary and his
mother a portent"
(S.23:50; S.21-91).
Three suras (chapters)
in the Qur'an bear titles
recalling various aspects
of Christian tradition:
Sura 3, The Family of
'Imran; Sura 5, The Holy
Table, concerning
imagery recalling Jesus'
miracles; and Sura 19,


By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
Mary, giving prominence
to Mary and Zachariah.
(continued on page 21)


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The Blessed Virgin Mary In
The Qur'an


Meekness is an English
word, equivalent to
Arabic word 'Hudna' or
"Haun." The Arabic word
means, 'not to inflict any
harm on anyone and 'to
live in peace with others'.
The injunctions in the
Holy Quran are: "And if
two parties of Believers
fight against each other,
make peace between
them;
then if after that one of
them transgresses against
the other, fight the party
that transgresses until it
returns to the Command
of Allah. Then if it
returns, make peace
between them with equity,
and act justly.
Verily, Allah loves the
just." (49:10)
The central theme of
the Verse, 49:10 is that
'peace' is better than
conflict and tension, not
only at individual but at
national level also.
The Verse 49:10,


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By Dr. Qazi Muhammad
Barkatullah

points out to the necessity
of the solidarity of the
Muslims as individuals,
but also, of their religion
Islam.
The Verse 49:10
requires the Muslims not
to be indifferent when one
party of them quarrels
with another. In such
cases, they must bring
every kind of pressure
within their reach to bear
upon the party in error. It
is the duty of every
Muslim to maintain the
unity of Islam.
The Verse 49:19 directs
the Muslims to make
peace and reconciliation
(continued on page 22)


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t Page 4 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002


Florida News


Alabama News
Taken from The
Phoenician Galley
Newsletter of the
Lebanese American Club
ofMobile
Congratulations to
Sabah Mouawad on his
recent engagement to
Mathieled Mazraan. The
wedding is planned for
July in Corpus Christi,
Texas.
Happy 30th
Anniversary to Raymond
and Rosalie Zoghby. May
the next 30 years be just
as wonderful.
(continued on page 23)


Georgia News


Taken from the Salam
Club of Miami
newsletter.
Congratulations to
Richard and Barbara
Basila. Their daughter,
Jennifer and husband,
Javier, have a baby girl.
She is named Leila Joy.
Congratulations to great
Sittee Helen and great
aunt Gloria Basila.
The Miami Heart
Institute recently
presented Salam Club
member and
philanthropist, Anthony
(continued on page 23)


Louisiana News


jay u(.. Iamey
Judicial Appointment
Metaiiie-President
George W. Bush appointed
Metairie attorney Jay C.
Zainey to the United States
District Court for the
Eastern District of
Louisiana on February 14,
2002. The United States
Senate unanimously
confirmed Judge Zainey
on February 11, 2002.
Judge Zainey, 50, iis a
1969 graduate of Jesuit
(continued on page 23)


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If you own a fine older home with hardwood floors or if
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We invite you to worship with us.
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Predeska Brown

For more than 40 years, the Jacksonville Transportation Authority has been
serving the Greater Jacksonville area. Our commitment to our customers
remains constant: to provide Duval County residents with transportation
: that is safe, reliable and comfortable.

And thanks to our dedicated employees, T A
JTA is able to deliver on this commitment.

We are frequently adding new services.We have additional buses that cover
more of Jacksonville than ever before.The Skyway now extends from FCCJ's
''" Downtown campus to the Kings Avenue Parking Garage. The Trolley provides
convenient transportation around Downtown. And we are diligently working
with the Better Jacksonville Plan to improve our roadways.

Whether you are trying to get from the Northside to the Southside. or from
the Westside to the Beaches, you'll see the face of a friendly JTA employee,
ready to help you get to your destination.

For more information on all JTA services,
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Coach George Maloof
"Legends of the
Game"
Atlanta The
Touchdown Club of
Atlanta selected George
Maloof as its first
"Legends of the Game"
honoree.
George Maloof is a
former coach for St. Pius
X Golden Lions,
patrolling thie sidelines
for 26 years. Maloof, who
(continued on page 23)






Page 5 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate; $15.00 per year

News From Texas
Christmas at Casa
AVerde
El Paso- Members,
family and friends of the
Syrian American Ladies
Club of El Paso celebrated
Christmas on Saturday
December 8, 2001 at Casa
Verde Restaurant.
Menu included chicken


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(continued on page 6)


Mississippi News


Billie Tonos
Honored as DSU
Alumnus of the
Year for county
Greenville-Billie Rossie
Tonos of Greenville was
honored Feb. 28 as Delta
State University's Alumnus
of the Year for Washington
County.
Mrs. Tonos received the
award at the group's annual
meeting in Greenville.
"This is such an honor to be
(continued on page 6)


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Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR : July 2002

FLORIDA


Moises
(continued from page 1)
active in the Southern
Federation for the past
four years. I have been
President of The
Lebanese American
Society of New Orleans


Mansour
(continued from page 1)
Federation of Syrian
Lebanese American
Clubs, Inc. Mary Jo said:
"Taking nothing for
granted, I am asking the
members of clubs of the

Texas
(continued from page 5)
fajitas, entertainment by
club members, gift
exchanges and cheer.
Members also donated
toys, food and clothing to
"La Posada", a family
charity organization as its
annual Christmas charity.


Mississippi News
(continued from page 5)
recognized in my home
area, where the different
ethnicities are valued and
their contributions
appreciated," she said.
Mrs. Tonos was raised in
Shaw, Miss., one of eight
children of Sam and Nazira
Rossie. After graduating
from Delta State in nearby
Cleveland, she remained in
Mississippi, teaching in
Minter City and Shelby


for four years and was
state Vice-president of
Louisiana for one year. I
am currently completing
my third year on the
Executive Board of the
Southern Federation, my
second year as a delegate


Federation along with the
support of the Past
Presidents of the Southern
Federation to support and
vote for me as President
of the Southern
Federation of Syrian
Lebanese American


Scholarship
Recipient
Graduates
Austin-Bretagne Nicole
Studer, recipient of
Federation scholarships in
1998, graduates May 11,
2002 from Rhodes


before moving to St.
Josephis in Greenville. In
1951 she and John Tonos, a
grocer in Greenville, were
married in her hometown of
Shaw, Miss. The couple had
four children -Michael,
Mary, Laura and Sam -all of
whom graduated from St.
Joseph. She resumed her
teaching career in the 1970s
and retired in 1990. John
died in 1982.
In accepting her award,
Mrs. Tonos credited her


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to the National
Federation, and am a
member of the Guardian
Angel Fund committee.
Professionally, I attended
Louisiana State
University for college,
medical school, and


Clubs."
"I love the Federation
and I am proud of my
heritage. I want to serve
the members and clubs of
the Federation to the
fullest extent of my
capabilities. I am eager to

College in Memphis,
Tennessee. Bretagne is the
daughter of Marjorie
Studer-Milan and Steve
Milan of Austin and the
late Greg Studer. She is
the granddaughter of Pat
and Patsy Sconci of
Austin. Bretagne plans to
continue her education by


family, friends, community
and faith, for her success.
"I'm fortunate to have spent
all my life in a community


residency. I currently hold
a faculty position as an
Assistant Clinical
Professor in Emergency
Medicine at LSU School
of Medicine in New
Orleans and Tulane
(continued on page 12)


continue building the
Federation and I humbly
solicit your support for
my candidacy at the
convention in
Jacksonville, for
President of the Southern
Federation."

working on a Masters in
Middle Eastern Studies
and pursuing her law
degree. Bretagne is a
member of the American
Lebanese Association of
Austin and has been a
member of the Federation

(continued on page 18)


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Sept 11 Suspect
(continued from page 1)
States is not
acknowledging its
assistance in the war
against terrorism.
According to the Arab
intelligence .sources, the
Syrian debriefing of
Zammar, 41, is providing
the United States with
critical information on the
genesis of the plot to
attack New York and


St. Jude
(continued from page 1)
anniversary of Frank and
Barbara Sinatra and at the
same. time, she hoped to
raise $500,000 for St.
Jude.
She overshot her mark
and hit $1 million that
evening.
The event has
continued to raise $1
million or more every
year since, earning the
event the nickname the
"million dollar bash."
Today, -the tradition
continues. And while the
stars may have changed,
their light continues to fill
the St. Jude firmament.
Now under the
guidance of the children
of Danny and Rose
Marie, -the St. Jude
Hollywood Gala
continues to be one of the
crown jewels of St. Jude


Washington as well as al-
Quaida's structure and
possible plans.
It is unclear if U.S.
officials have direct
access to Zammar or
whether the Syrians put
questions from the United
States to the prisoner and
then report back. But an
Arab source said Zammar
has become another check
on information the United
States gleans from the
interrogation of al-Quaida


fundraising programs.
And the 22nd annual
gala was no exception.
Hollywood stars joined
Tony and Terre Thomas at
this year's gala to
celebrate the triumphs of
St. Jude for the past 40
years and to show -their
support for the continued
battle against childhood
catastrophic diseases.
For the first time since
the gala began, St. Jude
National Outreach
Director MarIo Thomas
was unable to attend, as
she was appearing in a
new play, Paper Doll.
Comedienne Rita
Rudner and .singer/
songwriter yelissa
Etheridge entertained the
crowd of celebrities and
St. Jude friends. Jim
Carrey, Friends star
Couirteney Cox-Arquette,
The Practice's Dylan


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prisoners worldwide,
including the captured
senior Osama bin Laden
lieutenant Aby Zubaydah.
German intelligence
sources said yesterday
that they were only
informed by U.S. officials
Thursday of Zammar'a
imprisonment in Syria.
Zammar is being held by
the Syrian authorities on
long-standing charges that
he was involved in a
bombing plot in the


McDermott and Lara
Flynn Boyle, Bradley
Whitford of The West-
Wing, and his wife Jane
Kaczamarek of Malcolm
in the Middle, joined St.
Jude friends Crystal
Bernard, Phil Donahue-
and film director Tom
Shadyac in support of the
hospital.
"The Thomas family is:
very proud of this annual.
tradition," Tony Thomas
said. "Once again
Hollywood, like they
stepped up for my father


country, Arab officials
said.
German officials
expressed displeasure that
both Morocco and Syria
violated their obligations
under international law to
inform them of their
citizen's arrest. They also.
said the United States, an
ally, had shut them out of
the. operation to detain
Zammar.


in years past, is stepping
,up for us to help the
children of St. Jude."
Since that first
"anniversary party," the
celebrities and friends
who attend the
Hollywood Gala have
raised millions, including
another $1 million from
this year's event.
"Our parents started
the Hollywood gala 22
years ago," said Terre
Thomas, "and we are so
(continued on page 12)


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Page 8 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

NORTH CAROLINA/SOUTH CAROLINA
n nnn_ *_ a nthnre tn min thn ,, ill f la f7il -


K0IolK
(continued from page 1)
today that 40-year old
Zachary J. Rolnik of
Hanover, Massachusetts,
pled guilty in federal
district court for
interfering with the civil
rights of Dr. James J.
Zogby of Washington,
D.C., the president of the
Arab-American Institute,
a national organization
that advocates for Arab-
Americans.
Rolnik admitted and
pled guilty to placing .a
telephone call to Dr..
Zogby in Washington on
the morning of September
12, 2001, and leaving a
voice mail message in
which he threatened to
kill Dr. Zogby and his
children because of Dr.
Zogby's role in


participate in the political
process and the
enjoyment oft federal
benefits without regard to
race, color, religion, or
national origin. Rolnik
faces up to one year in
prison.
"Threatening others
based upon race, national
origin and religion
undermines the
foundation upon which
our country is built," said
Boyd. "A threat against a
national figure who
advocates for the rights of
a minority group in this
case Arab-Americans is
particularly harmful and
will not be permitted.
This prosecution
demonstrates our
commitment to the
enforcement of criminal
(continued on page 12)


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I: .D1
,(continued from page 1)
another step toward more
widespread monitoring of
Muslim and Arab groups
engaged in completely
lawful .religious and
political activities. And,
the powers apply to
surveillance of all groups
in America, regardless of
membership, issues,
location, or political
affiliation.
Here are some talking
points for the media and
with your members of
Congress:
1. The biggest concern
for our community is that
there is no limitation on


ettA OUr VeILJ.LU L J nc, o lU.
religious and political
activity. The new
guidelines allow wide-
ranging monitoring of
political and religious
activities unconnected
with any investigation of
any crime, and do away
with the requirement that
some kinds of
investigations be
approved in Washington.
On. this point, it is clear
that the guidelines clearly
target Arab Americans,
Muslims, immigrants, and
visitors to this country.
How long will the FBI
operate with this
authority?
(continued on page 13)


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Page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


Al Qaeda
*(continued from page 1)
country, officials said.
He has been in
Moroccan custody since
early last week, officials said.
Al-Haili was a close
associate of Abu
Zubaydah, the senior al-
Qaida operations chief
whom U.S. authorities
captured in Pakistanin


Arabic Diva
'(continued from page 1)
young age. Her father
recognized her talent early


March.
U.S. authorities are
believed to have access to
whatever information al-
Haili is providing his
interrogators.
His arrest is the latest
in a series of breaks in the
U.S. war on terrorism,
both in Morocco and
elsewhere.
On Monday, three


and took her from village to
village to recite religious
verses for weddings and
other celebrations. Crowds
were mesmerised by her


alleged Saudi al-Quaida
members were charged in
connection with a plot to
bomb U.S. and British
warships crossing the
Straights of Gibraltar
between Morocco and
Spain.
In Saudi Arabia,
authorities had detained
11 Saudis, an Iraqui and a
Sudanese, in connection


youth and strong voice, and
by 1923, at the age of 19,
she moved with her family
to Cairo to launch her
career.


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with plots to attack targets
in the country.
The Sudanese man has
admitted he fired a
surface-to-air missile at a
U.S. warplane near Prince
Sultan Air Base, south of
the Saudi capital of
Riyadh, according to a
U.S. official.


For the next half century
until her death in 1975, she
enchanted peasants and
presidents alike with her
incomparable voice and
expression.
"Her songs of love,
religion and patriotism
expressed the sentiment of
all Arabs. She united us as a
people," says Mohammed
Thabet, 48, a life-long fan.
Forgotten by the
establishment, but never by
the people, Umm
Kulthoum's popularity has
endured. Fans continue to
buy her albums, a
television series on her life
received the highest ratings
when it was screened two
years ago, and radio
listeners in Cairo tune in
every night at 5 p.m. to hear
selections of her repertoire
of more than 300 songs.
The most fitting place
for a museum to honour
Egypr's most famous singer
would have been her
modest villa overlooking
the Nile in Zamalek. At the
time of her death, however,
the Egyptian government
failed to recognize the
value of preserving her
legacy and the villa sat idle
for years before being sold
to. a Kuwaiti real estate
developer, who demolished
it and erected a hotel in its
place. The singer's fans
were outraged.
"Had Umm Kulthoum
died while President
Nasser was still alive, he
would have ordered the
government to pay any
price for the villa and turn it
into a museum.
Unfortunately, President
Sadat was in office and he


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


Census
(continued from page 1)

2000 Census question on
ancestry, which measures
ethnicity beyond official
race classifications,
captured about one-third
of the total population
that traces its roots to the
Arabic-speaking world.
While the just-released
census figures account for
about 1.25 million
Americans of Arab


descent, private research
by the Arab American
I n s t i t u t e
(www.aaiusa.org) and
Zogby International
(www.zogby.com)
indicates a population that
exceeds 3 million.
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undercount include the
effect of the sample
methodology on small,
unevenly distributed
ethnic groups, high levels
(continued on page 18)


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Western Civilization
(continued from page 1)

of Christianity to Europe
and to the farthest comers
of the Roman Empire.

Birth of
Christianity
After Jerusalem was
destroyed by the Romans
in 70 AD, Antioch in Syria
became the first capital of
Christendom. Saint Luke,
the Evangelist, was from
Antioch. So was Saint
Ignatius, one of the first
Fathers of the Church, who
coined the term "the
Catholic Church". It was in
Antioch that the followers
of Jesus of Nazareth took
on the name of
"Christians". It was there
also that the cross was
adopted as the symbol of
Christianity: the Maronite
cross is still known as the
Antiochene cross. And it
was from Antioch that the
Christian tidal wave burst
forth, eventually engulfing
the entire Roman Empire.
During the 2nd and 3rd
Centuries AD, Syrian
commercial enterprises
flourished all along the
Mediterranean coast, and
Syrian merchants settled in


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Italy, Sicily and France.
And wherever they settled,
they brought with them the
new Christian religion and
built their churches.

The Syrian
Emperors
Syrian political
influence within the
Empire reached a peak
when Septimius Severus, a
North African general of
Carthaginian, therefore of
Phoenician extraction,
became Emperor ( 193 -
211 AD). His wife was a
beautiful and gifted Syrian
lady from Horns, named
Julia Domna, who became
a patroness of the arts and
sciences in Rome. Her
salon included, among
other illustrious figures,
the Greek physician Galen
who is considered the
Father of Roman
Medicine. During the reign
of Septimius Severus,
Beirut became the center
,of Roman, law and
jurisprudence, under the
stewardship of two of the
greatest legal minds of that
era: Papinian, born in
Horns, and Ulpian, born in
Tyre. It was Septimius
Severus who completed
Hadrian' s wall separating
England from Scotland to
contain the savage Scottish
tribes. He extended the
boundaries of the Empire
(continued on page 11)


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Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002
NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY

Danny's Dream raised by. a local for the benefit of children Board members Ramzi S!
(continued from page 1) committee created for that suffering from cancer. Younis, MD, Bruce STATE LINE FIREWORKS.
purpose. Several major Others attending the event Hopkins, Talat Othman
center for oncology and Lebanese philanthropists included John Waterbury, and Paul Hajar. St. Jude "N.
pediatrics in the Middle have already been president of the American staff who attended "I.
East," said John Moses, instrumental in bringing University of Beirut, and included Joseph Mirro, o r Id'
chair of the St. Jude Board the project to fruition, local and international Jr., MD, Raul Ribeiro, njoy alil o our H lidolay S
of Governors. including the late Pierre dignitaries, including the MD, MS, Bassem / Wth us. Thank Voul !
"This is the fulfillment Abu Khater. Mayor of Beirut. Others Razzouk, MD, Bhaskar Willie & Betty Debord 423-727-6260
of a dream," said Richard Joe Shaker, chair of the attending as part of the St. Rao, MD, and Sharon m.4? Hwy. 421, Trade, Tenn. %.w
C. Shadyac, ALSAC's ALSAC Board, called the Jude delegation were Morris, RN.
national executive center part of the
director. It was always the continuing effort of St. .. *
hope of St. Jude founder Jude to impact the 1!i IA't 13 eU
Danny Thomas that some medical care for children | WM W
day St. Jude could impact worldwide. i
medical care in Lebanon, Rafik Hariri, Lebanon's
his ancestral home, Pime Minister, attended IW E DO W HAT THE
Shadyac said. the opening and expressed
The funds needed to his hope that the center W NORMAL JEW ELRY
operate the center will be will continue to expand STORE DOESN'T DO!
steciviza Caracalla in Rome. When TRIBAL Seciaists In Colored Gemstones
(continued from page 10) TRENDS
Caracalla was TRENDS
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He also built the majestic is said to have committed Bringing the world to you! TanSZa. itS, Afexandrites, Emerafds,
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character is best Alexander was the last and Martin House .-
remembered for the Main Street THE MARTIN HOUSE MAIN STREET BLOWING ROCK, NC
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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


Moises
(continued from page 6)
Medical School, and am
also in private practice at
the Veterans
Administration Hospital
in Biloxi, MS. I also
practice Hyperbaric and
Diving Medicine. In
addition, I have a joint
faculty appointment in
Neuroscience at LSU
where I conduct basic
science research. I am a
member of over a dozen
profe-s sional


organizations and
societies, including the
American Task Force for
Lebanon. I would be
honored to serve the
Southern Federation as
Vice-President and
welcome your support.
Together we can build onB
the current momentum in
the Federation and make
the organization grow.
Three areas that I
would like to focus on as
Vice President are:
membership, cultural
education, funding.


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St. Jude
(continued from page 7)
happy and proud to
continue in their
footsteps. Every year the
event grows and I just
hope mom and dad can
see it from heaven...and
smile!"
The event has helped
bring a whole new
generation into the St.
Jude fold, Shadyac said.
Just like the Thomas
family, Shadyac, who
directed the films Ace
Ventura, Patch Adams
and Dragonfly, grew up
with St. Jude. His father,
Richard C. Shadyac,
served on the St. Jude'
Boards from the
beginning and is
currently ALSAC's
national executive director.
"I've watched in my
lifetime the cure rate for
cancer increase," Tom
Shadyac said. "(Before


MORELS


St. Jude opened) if your
kid had cancer [acute
lymphoblastic leukemia],
you had a 96 percent
chance that that kid was
,going to die. But because
of the work of (Danny
Thomas) that has inverted
so that 81 percent will
live and that is insanely
cool."
Along with raising
-money for St. Jude, the
annual event also serves
as a way to raise public
awareness about the
hospital that treats all
children without regard to
race, religion or their
families' ability to pay.
"As my father taught
us," Tony told the group,
"if you want to be in the
public's awareness, you
go to your very best
ambassadors: our friends
in Hollywood. We want
to thank those friends


have joined
campaign."


this


Rolnik
(continued from page 8)
civil rights laws."
"Intimidating or
threatening someone
because of their ethnicity
or religious beliefs is
unconscionable," said


Sullivan. "We will use
every prosecutorial tool
available to guard the
civil rights of all
American citizens."
This case is one of ten
(continued on page 15)


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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

NORTH CAROLINA'S HIGH COUNTRY


FBI
(continued from page 8)
2. New surveillance
powers are not needed; the
failure of 9/11 was one of
coordination and analysis,
not investigation or law
enforcement tools.
Government agencies
Already had a great deal of
useful information; they
had the necessary
investigative powers; they
lacked the skills and


insights to complete the
picture.
3. The changes
eliminate existing review
requirements intended to
protect against abuses.
Preliminary investigations
(PIs), which allow the FBI
to conduct investigations
even when there is no
reasonable indication of
criminal activity, now can
be initiated by field agents
without clearance or


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oversight from
Washington. In fact,
now, PIs can continue for
one year without approval,
using whatever
surveillance techniques
are available, even if the
investigation is turning up
no reasonable indication
of criminal activity!
4. There are no
limitations on what or
who can be investigated
on the Internet. The FBI
can undertake any degree
of Internet searches before
they have any indication
of criminal conduct there
is no limit on what can be
searched whether or not
sites may be connected to
terrorist cases.
5. Any personal-
information about you
gathered by companies
over the Internet can be
accessed. Personal
privacy rights are further
limited by allowing the
FBI to secure data mining
services information from
people who sell you
books, take your credit
card number, sell you
clothes over the internet,
and any other transactions
or communications that
take place electronically.
6. Recent experiences
do not indicate that the
FBI can manage this huge
database requirement.
How it will manage yet
more information and how
quality control can be
assured are unknown at
this time.
7. Finally, there is no
Congressional or' public
oversight for these
expanded powers. Who
will insure that there is no
abuse of the system and
keep the public fully
informed about activities
undertaken under this new
mandate?
This is a critical
concern.
Please understand, this
is a threat to our civil
liberties. This is
specifically targeted
against Arab Americans
and Muslims, regardless
of citizenship status. Our


meetings, electronic
communications, personal
data, religious services,
social gatherings, and
databases are now fair
targets for investigation,
whether or not there is any
evidence or anticipation of
criminal behavior.
Second--Today, the
Attorney General issued
proposed procedures that
would require non-
immigrants from select
Arab and Muslim
countries to register and
(continued on page 15)


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

VIRGINIA/MARYLAND


Arabic Diva
(continued from page 9)
was very cool to the singer
owing in part to the
political power she wielded
under his predecessor,"
says Thabet.
Years after Umm
Kulthoum's death, the
political currents had
changed enough for the
government to' begin
thinking seriously about
building an edifice to
honour its most famous
chanteuse. Plans were
drawn up as part of a long-
term project to establish
museums in honour of the
pillars of modem Egyptian
culture, including
composer Mohammed
Abdel Wahab and poet
Ahmed Rami, both of
whom collaborated with
Umm Kulthoum on many
works.
"We wanted a museum
to give Umm Kulthoum the
recognition she deserved,"
said Mohammed Abdel
Dayim, a spokesman for


the Cultural Development
Fund, which allocated $1.5
million to building the
museum.
With the singer's villa
gone, the government
resigned itself to finding
another location, settling
for the annex of Qasr el-
Mansterly, a 19th century
palace with no personal
connection to the singer
except its proximity to her
great love, the Nile River.
At the risk of further
infuriating critics, the
Ministry of Culture hired a
foreign contracting firm to
renovate the annex and
design its exhibits.
Italian designer
Maurizio di Paolo, whose
work on other museums in
Europe dedicated to
musicians first attracted
ministry officials,
incorporated cutting-edge
lighting, display and
multimedia technology
into the museum.
"We borrowed his

(continued on page 16)


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the best of this Syrian
dynasty' .Under the
influence of his mother,
Julia Mammaea, who
secretly converted to
Christianity, Alexander
ended luxury at the
imperial court, forbade the
worship of his person, and
halted the persecution of
the Christians while he
reigned. It was under
Alexander's reign also that
the temple complex at
Baalbek, Lebanon, was
completed. Although he
continued to pay lip
service to the Roman gods,
Alexander behaved in
every respect like a
Christian.
After he was killed in a
mutiny in 235 AD, another
Syrian called Phillip the
Arab became Emperor


(244-249 AD). Phillip was
nicknamed "the Arab"
because he hailed from the
Syrian city of Bosra, which
was then the capital of the
Roman province of
"Arabia". In 248 AD, it
was Phillip who presided
over the celebration of the
thousandth anniversary of
the founding of Rome.
Under his reign, his native
city of Bosra became an
important center, and a
magnificent theatre was
built there which is still in
use today. According to the
Church historian,
Eusebius, Phillip was the
first Roman emperor to
convert to Christianity.
The patron saints of
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Fifty years after, the
death of Philip, in 303 AD,
a new round of persecution
(continued on page 16)


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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

VIRGINIA/MARYLAND/WASHINGTON, D.C.


Rolnik
(continued from page 12)
federal prosecutions
initiated nationwide since
the events of September
11 involving threats or
acts of violence against
persons who are, or were
perceived to be, Arab or
Muslim. The Department
of Justice also has been
coordinating with state
and local authorities,
who have initiated over
70 prosecutions of such
incidents under state statutes.


FBI
(continued from page 13)
be fingerprinted. The
proposed procedures
apply to:
1. All nationals from a
select list of countries who
are here on non-immigrant
visas
2. Those currently. in
the U.S. from countries
identified as "higher
security risk" populations
by .the State Department
and the INS
3. Certain foreign
national non-immigrant
visa-holders whom the
Justice Department wants
to keep closer tabs on
pursuant to yet-
determined criteria.
The new regulation will
make it a deportable
offense to not register.


There have been guilty
pleas in four other federal
cases where threats were
made to persons because
of their perceived
nationality:
Thomas Iverson pled
guilty to telephoning a
bomb threat on September
29, 2001, against a
Jordanian American
liquor store in Beloit,
Wisconsin. Iverson was
sentenced to 27 months
incarceration on April 12,
2002; .


TALKING POINTS
Here are a series of
talking points that may be
helpful to you in
discussing this issue with
the media.
The new procedures:
Clearly target Arab
and Muslim countries.
Adds extensive data
requirements onto a data
system that is already
overburdened.
Have not been
effective tools in making
this country more secure
or preventing terrorist
acts.
Why These Proposed
Procedures are of Concern
to the Arab American
Community
Is this a good use of law
enforcement resources?
No. Press reports
over the past two weeks


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interfering with the
housing rights of a
Pakistani-American


clearly describe the lack of
resources in all law
enforcement agencies for
counter-terrorism
activities. This creates an
enormous demand on
resources. These
procedures would not
have prevented the tragic
events of 9/11. The
hijackers had visas issued
by US embassies.
Port of entry
fingerprinting
requirements are


family in Fenton,
.Michigan, by leaving a
threatening message on its
answering machine on
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2002, to 10 months
incarceration; and
Wesley Fritts pled
guilty in Madison,
Wisconsin for an anthrax
hoax letter mailed to an
Arab American
restaurant. Fritts was
sentenced to 21 months
incarceration on May 13, 2002.


obstructions to visitors,
creating unnecessary lines
and delays. It will not
facilitate greater, security.
Fingerprinting can take
place where visas are
issued, allowing for the
existing procedures on
background checks to take
place. Better
enforcement, not
additional procedures is
the key. More resources
(continued on page 17)


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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

TENNESSEE


Arabic Diva
(continued from page 16)
experience, but took great
care to ensure that his
design incorpo- rated
Egyptian and Arab
aesthetics so that there was
no gap between them,"
affirms the museum's
director, Ahmed Antar.
Officials faced a
formidable challenge in
gathering the pieces for the
new museum, as Umm
Kulthoum's personal
belongings were dispersed
among her many inheritors
and some items had
vanished into obscurity.
The task of collecting the
museum's nearly 300
pieces took over a decade
to complete.
"All precious items in
the museum belonged to
the family (of Umm
Kulthoum) and were kept
for up to.27 years before
being offered as a gift to the
government and all
Egyptians," says Antar.
"The collection is small,
but it expresses her
character and gives a deep
insight into her
personality."
Opened to the public
early this year, the Umm
Kulthoum Museum
features a modest
collection of its namesake's
personal belongings and
memorabilia. The diva's
signature red kerchief-


something she always
clutched while on stage-
dangles in the display case
beside the diamond-
studded dark glasses -she
wore late in her life.
Inside, a contoured glass
cabinet contains a small
selection of evening
dresses that the diva wore
during some of her most
memorable concerts. Other
exhibits present her shoes,
scarves and designer
handbags, but hardly
convey the classic elegance
of the one Egyptians
referred to as 'AI-Sitt' (The
Lady). Umm Kulthoum's
fashions, as well as her
comings and goings, were
always the talk of the
town. But the celebrated
singer was more than just a
superstar, she was 'the
voice and face Egypt'.
Devastated by the Egyptian
defeat the 1967 War, the
diva stopped singing, resu
ing only after then-
president Gamal Ab<<
Nasser summoned her for a
special mission.
"You have done with
your singing what
politicians have failed to
do. You have united the
Arabs," he reportedly told
her.
Following that meeting,
Umm Kulthoum launched
an extensive tour,
performing to sold-out
(continued on page 25)


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Western Civilization
(continued from page 14)
of the Christians began
under the emperor
Diocletian. In that year, the
Syrian twin brothers,
Cosmas and Damian, were
practicing medicine and
pharmacy together in the
city of Egea in Asia Minor
or what is now Turkey.
Being fervent Christians,
they offered their services
for free to the poor. They
were arrested and chose to
suffer horrible tortures and
martyrdom rather than
abjure their faith. They
have been revered ever
since as the patron saints of
Medicine and Pharmacy.
The Basilica of Saints
Cosmas and Damian was
the first church to be
erected on the Roman
forum.

Monasticism and
St Simeon
In the Fourth Century ,
monasticism with its ideals
of celibacy, poverty and
obedience became a
favorite way of life for the


deeply religious. From
Syria and Lebanon, it
spread westward to Europe
and monasteries began to
pop up everywhere.
Perhaps the most famous
of the Syrian hermits was
St. Simeon Stylite, a 5th
century ascetic monk who
spent 36 years perched on
top of a column, which
was 45 feet high. Pilgrims
came from as far away as
Rome and France to pray
at the foot of his column
and to be blessed by him.
After his death in 459, a
church was built around
the column just outside
Aleppo,Syria: this was the
largest church in
Christendom until an
earthquake destroyed it in
1157.

The Syrian Popes
During the 6th and 7th
centuries, the Syrian
colony in Rome became
numerous and influential.
In 640 AD, the Moslem
armies from the Arabian
(continued on page 17)


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FBI
(continued from page 25)
assigned to this function at
our embassies and
consulates are the first line
of defense.
The U.S. does not
have embassies or
consulates in four of the
five target countries,
therefore, the government
has to strengthen visa
procedures for nationals
from those countries, not
wait until they arrive on
our shores.
Given the limited
resources -available, will
the trade off costs of
setting up and running this
system reduce resources
used in other critical areas
of law enforcement?
There is no clear
indication whether or not
the database system is
functioning at a level that
makes it a valuable law
enforcement/terrorism
prevention tool. There
are reports that many FBI
offices lack the equipment
and training to even
access the mega database,
and that internal electronic
communications within
the agency is woefully
inadequate.
How do we insure that
"voluntary" local and state
efforts to fingerprint
current visitors do not
distract law enforcement
officials from more


effective investigations
rather than this
housekeeping
assignment?
Will this add to the
capability of law
enforcement to improve
deterrence of terrorism?
*No. Based on recent
history, for example, the
registration of 300,000
Iranians in the late 70s did
not lead to any known
concrete criminal
indictments or
prevent/deter any terrorist
threats.
The basis of these
procedures is racial
profiling because it targets
Arabs and Muslim
visitors. Using a race or
ethnic-based profile
logically means that,
using previously
announced criteria, there
are millions of
Arab/Muslim males under
the ages of 45 that could
be eventually required to
register. It is more
prudent to continue to
build profiles based on
existing investigations
and apply them
rigorously.
There is no indication
as to sources for the
fingerprint records
initiated and what
constitutes "criminal" acts
that are the criteria for
inclusion on the database.
(continued on page 25)


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Western Civilization
(continued from page 16)
Peninsula conquered Syria
and Lebanon, and large
numbers of Syrian
Christians fled to Rome,
reinforcing the already
sizable Syrian community
there. Of the thirteen Popes
who ruled over the Church
between 678 and 752 AD,
five were Syrians. Among
the Syrian Popes were
Sergius I, Constantine I,
and Gregory Ill. Two of
them, Sergius and
Gregory, were canonized
after their death. It was
Saint Sergius who
entrusted the English
monk Willibrord with the
task of evangelizing
Germany. So the Germans
were converted to
Christianity by an English
monk under the reign of a
Syrian pope.

St John of
Damascus
Meanwhile, back -irf
Syria, Damascus had
become the capital. of the
Omayyad Empire, an
empire larger than the
Roman Empire at its peak.
It stretched from the
Pyrenees Mountains,
which separate Spain from
southern France, across
North Africa, Egypt, the
entire Middle East, Persia,.
Turkestan, Afghanistan,


and Pakistan, to the
foothills of the Himalayas
and the confines of China.
Islam had replaced
Christianity as the official
religion of Syria and
Lebanon, but under the
enlightened and tolerant
rule of the Omayyads,
Christianity continued to
thrive. One of Syria's
greatest theologians, St.
John of Damascus (675-
749) engaged the Moslem
scholars in theological
(continued on page 24)

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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

LOUISIANA/MISSISSIPPI


Census
(continued from page 10)
of intermarriage among
the third and fourth
generations, and
distrust/misunderstanding
of government surveys
among more recent
immigrants.
"While the overall
population counts are
very low, we do learn
important facts from the
2000 Census" stressed
Helen Samhan, director of
the Arab American
Institute,A6s Census
Information Center,
which disseminates and
analyzes Census data on
Arab ancestry. "We


Texas News
(continued from page 6)
since she was 16.

President Benson
Cruises in Austin
Austin-Southern
Federation President
Sharon Benson set sail in
Austin with the American
Lebanon Association on
Saturday, March 23, 2002.
Members of the ALA
Club hosted President
Benson on a bus trip from
Austin through the Texas
Hill Country to Lake
Buchanan. They boarded
the Vanishing Texas River


establish concentrations,
growth patterns and
trends, shifts among and
between nationality
groups, etc. Four of the
top ten states where Arab
Americans live (New
York, New Jersey, Illinois
and Texas) more than
doubled since 1990 the
population who identify
with one or more Arab
ancestries," noted
Samhan. Local areas with
the most significant
increase since 1990
include Wayne County
(MI), Orange County
(CA), Cook County (IL)
and Kings County (NY).
The AAI Foundation will
produce state and national


Cruise for an entertaining
educational adventure up
the Colorado River. Upon
seeing wild beasts (mainly;
cows and mountain goats),
waterfalls, the mighty
Colorado River, and
hearing insights from the
tour guides, President
Benson was overheard
saying "Shazam".
ALA President
Raymond Risk and his
wife, Nancy, hosted-
President Benson and
fellow club members in
their home. President
Benson's sister, Patricia,
expertly prepared
margaritas to accompany
the fajita dinner. Patricia


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demographic profiles in
the coming months,
including density maps
that can be used by local
service organizations.
Later this year, the
Census will release the
1 on g aw ai t e d
characteristics on the
Arab ancestry population,
including education
levels, occupation,
citizenship rates, family
size and many more
indicators for further
research. Samhan adds
"With so many
stereotypes about Arabs
and suspicions since 9/11,
the Census helps us tell
the true story of how
rooted and accomplished


and her mom, Gloria,
drove from San Antonio to
be with President Benson
during her evening of
glory % ith the ALA Club.
Club member Fred Dagar
of Dagar's "Catering
Company prepared the
feast -with Lebanese
appetizers and desserts-
prepared by club member
Tom Abdenour of Tom's
Tabooley. Federation
photographer, Rose Nunu,
was on hand to capture the
moment.
Becky and- Joe J.
Joseph, Jr. afforded
President Benson
accommodation's at their
home on Friday and


we are as a community.
We can see the fruits of
generations of Arab
immigrants who have
made America their home
and continue to make
positive contributions to
the welfare of the
country."
Updated projections of
the Arab American
population by state and
county, based on census
data and other estimates,
will be prepared in the
coming months and will
be summarized on the
AAI website's
demographics page.


Saturday night. Late
Saturday night, while Joe
spent a quiet evening at
home after the ALA club
dinner, President Benson
and Becky Joseph let their
hair down at a
bachelorette party for
Becky's daughter-in-law
to be.
The club was honored
to host President Benson
for the cruise and dinner
and it extends special
thanks to her for her
unwavering dedication to
the Federation.
Federation President
Sharon Benson with
members of the American
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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

HOUSTON/DALLAS, TX


Shamalys
(continued from page 2)
15, 1952, in Holy Rosary
Catholic Church. She is
the former Mary
Abraham.
Their children are
Susanne Omran, Diane
Peterson, Joseph Shamaly
and Annette Corey, all of
Jacksonville.
The Shamalys have
four grandchildren.


Taghlabi
(continued from page 2)
Medicine, a member of
the Society of Critical
Care Medicine, a Fellow
of the American College
of Chest Physicians, a
member of First
Presbyterian Church of
Jacksonville, and a
devoted and loving father
to Rashelle and Jameyal.
Other survivors include a
brother, Aluned Taghlabi,
Damascus, Syria and a
cousin, Mobeen Ghazi,
Orlando.
A graveside visitation
and memorial service was
held at Magnolia
Cemetery, Kingsley Ave.,
Orange Park. Reception
followed at Grace
Episcopal Church,
Orange Park. Memorials
are suggested to the City
Rescue Mission.

Murad
(continued from page 2)
than 70 years. Here she
was a member of Circle
One, The G.R.O.W.,
Sunday School Class and
the Golden Age Group. In
1978 she was presented
with the Woman of the
Year Award for her


outstanding service to her
church and to others.
Other memberships
include Charter Member
of the Cedars of Lebanon
Club, Charter Member of
the Rose Garden Chapter
No.975 and Eastern Star,
all of Tyler, Texas. Ruby
was well known for her
sewing skills. Her
needlework was
exceptional even in her
golden years. Her
Christian spirit and
generosity inspired her to
offer her crocheted
potholders as a token of
her love. She sent her
beautiful afghans to
friends and relatives but
her love extended equally
to the patients at
Children's Medical
Hospital of Dallas. Ruby
will be sorely missed by
all ofher loving family
and friends.
Besides her husband,
Ruby was preceded in
death by her son in law,
Charles Mousa of
Houston, Texas, Past




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Her funeral service
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she was buried at Rose
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Karam
(continued from page 2)
resident of Oakdale. He
was a member of Sacred
Heart Catholic Church, a
member of the Holy
Sepulcre and a 4th degree
knight in the Knights of
Columbus. He also
owned and operated
Karam Motor Co. in
Oakdale and was a local
businessman.
He was preceded in
death by his parents,
Habib and Luly Karam;
one sister, Kenny Karam
Ceasar; and six brothers,
Joe Karam, Jim Karam,
Paul Karam, Willie
Karam, Albert Karam and
Don Karam.
Survivors include his
wife, Marilyn Mansour
Karam of Oakdale; three
sons, Jack Jude Karam of.
Oberlin, Jeffrey Karam of
Alexandria and Jerome
Karam of Friendswood,
Texas; two daughters,
Nancy Karam Abrusley


(continued on page 20)

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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

AUSTIN, Tx


Karam
(continued from page 19)
of Oakdale and Jennifer
Karam Garcia of
Seabrook, Texas; two
brothers, George Karam
and Bernard Karam both
of Oakdale; and 15
grandchildren.
Pallbearers were David
Abrusley, Luke Abrusley,
Richard "Tootie" Karam,
Dr. Gerard Karam, Dr.
Tommy Karam, Francis
Karam, Mark Karam and
Hab Karam.

Ladies Club
(continued from page 2)
officiated mass and
memorial ceremony
mentioning in special
remembrance and prayer
for the sixty members
who have passed away.
The idea originated
from club president,
Angele Nabhan. The
planning stage included
current members to
submit the names of the
deceased members. Matil
Lyon and Sandra Collins
sent announcements to
their families. Rima Assi
coordinated the after
mass potluck breakfast
that was donated by club
members and served to
the congregation.
The large turnout of
people was heartwarming


and filled with special
memories of loved ones.
This was truly a special
event to be remembered.

Love of God
(continued from page 3)
them out as a tent to dwell
in: That bringeth the
princes to nothing; he
maketh the judges of the
earth as vanity. Yea, they
shall not be planted; yea,
they shall not be sown:
yea, their stock shall not
take root in the earth: and
he shall also blow upon
them, and they shall
wither, and the whirlwind
shall take them away as
stubble. To whom then
will ye liken me, or shalll
be equal? saith the Holy
One. Lift up your eyes on
high, and behold who
hath created these things,
that bringeth out their host
by number: he calleth
them all by names by the
greatness of his might, for
that he is strong in power;
not one faileth. Why
sayest thou, 0 Jacob, and
speakest, 0 Israel, My
way is hid from the Lord,
and my judgment is
passed over from my
God?
Hast thou not known?
hast thou not heard, that
the everlasting God, the
Lord, the Creator of the
ends of the earth, fainteth
not, neither is weary?


there is no searching of
his understanding. He
giveth power to the faint;
and to them that have no
might he increaseth
strength. Even the youths
shall faint and be weary,
and the young men shall
utterly fall: But they that
wait upon the Lord shall
renew their strength; they
shall mount up with wings
as eagles; they shall run,
and not be weary; and
they shall walk, and not
faint. (Isaiah 40:21-31)
But thou, Israel, art my
servant, Jacob whom I
have chosen, the seed of
Abraham my friend. Thou
whom I have taken from
the ends of the earth, and
called thee from the chief
men thereof, and said
unto thee, Thou art my
servant; I have chosen
thee, and not cast thee
away.
Fear thou not; for I am
with thee: be not
dismayed; for I am thy
God: I will strengthen
thee; yea, I will help thee;
yea, I will uphold thee
with the right hand of my


righteousness. [Behold,
all they that were
incensed against thee
shall be ashamed and
confounded: they shall be
as nothing; and they that
strive with thee shall
perish. Thou shalt seek
them, and shalt not find
them, even them that
contended with thee: they
that war against thee shall
be as nothing, and as a
thing of nought. For I the
Lord thy God will hold
thy right hand, saying
unto thee, Fear not; I will
help thee. Fear not, thou
worm Jacob, and ye men
of Israel; I will help thee,
saith the Lord, and thy
redeemer, the Holy One
of Israel. Behold, I will
make thee a new sharp
threshing instrument
having teeth: thou shalt
thresh the mountains, and
beat them small, and shalt
make the hills as chaff.
Thou shalt fan them, and
the wind shall carry them
away, and the whirlwind
shall scatter them: and
thou shalt rejoice in the
(continued on page 22)


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Qur'an
(continued from page 15);
In general, the Qur'an
focuses on two particular
events in the life of Mary:
her birth and her time in
the Temple. "The angels
said: 0 Mary! Allah has
chosen thee and made
thee pure and has
preferred thee above all.
women creation" (8.3:42).
The same God who has
chosen Adam, Noah, and,
the families of Abraham
and 'Imran also chose
Mary. The texts indicate
three points clearly: Mary
is favored; she is pure; is
chosen over all women of
the world. In comparing
Marian texts of the
Our'an with Christian
sources we find some
close similarities with the
Protoevangelium of
James and. other
apocryphal writings.
God chose Mary and
prepared her for an
important mission, "to
adore and pay homage"


(8.3:43). Mary was
chosen to be a messenger
of God and to bear a child
through the Word of God
rather than normal
intercourse.
Like their Christian
counterparts did with the
Bible, .Muslim
commentators
embellished the Qur'an.
Muslim stories about
Mary are based on the
same apocryphal stories
believed by Christians in
countries where Islam
replaced the Gospel.
The important point in
Mary's genealogy, for
Muslim exegetes is that
her family is from David's
lineage, because Islam
places great importance
on pure lineal descent
from the prophets.
Nothing is said about
Joseph in the Qur'an, but
he has a place, in the
Muslim tradition.
Mary's Annunciation
holds special significance
in the Qur'an, especially
in suras 3 and 19.


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Sunni, Shi'ite, and Sufi
commentators all express
profound reverence and.
deep appreciation for.
Mary: Although the
vocation and mission of.
Jesus, and Mary's-
association with him, are
not as clearly stated in
Islam as in the Gospels,
especially- Luke's, these
beliefs are found in the
Our'an or indicated in
commentaries..
Both the Qur'an and
the entire Muslim
tradition consider Mary
the most blessed and
prominent of women.
This belief reaches back
to Muhammed as noted in
Musnad by Ibn Hanbal.
1The founder of Islam
placed Mary above even
his daughter Fatimah,
who, he said, would have
been highest among
women were it not for
Mary.
The Qur'an is clear that
Mary was -born without
sin, and that Jesus son. of'
Mary was born of a-


woman who had no
relations with a man,
since the common
reference to a man is as
son of his father, not of his
mother.
Christianity and Islam
are both missionary faiths
originating among
Semitic peoples. They
.have this in common:
belief in one God, who is
just, merciful,
omnipotent, omniscient,
and who acts in history.
Accepting Jesus as
prophet and Messiah,,
Islam thus elevates his
mother, Mary, to a special
position and role. Since
some Qur'anic statements
about Mary do not exist in
the New Testament,
scholars look for other
Christian sources in
existence at the birth of
Islam. The influence of
canonical Christian
Srcipture on the Qur'an
and Islam is minimal, but
the apocryphal texts seem-
tod' have considerable
(continued on page 22)


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Page 22 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

OKLAHOMA


Meekness
~(continued from page 3)
between the two
contending individuals or
parties.
Nevertheless, the
process of reconciliation
must be accomplished
with justice. And, if any
body disobeys the
settlement reached and
agreed upon, on the basis
of justice, then he or she
or the party at fault must
_be checked.
There is clear reference
here that the solidarity of
Islam must be maintained
at all cost. Great danger to

Love of God
(continued from page 20)
Lord, and shalt glory in
the Holy One of Israel.
When the poor and needy
seek water, and there is
none, and their tongue
-faileth for thirst, I the
Lord will hear them, I the
God of Israel will not
forsake them. I will open


Qur'an
(continued from page 22)
influence, especially the
Protoevangelium.
Even though
Christianity and Islam
grew from the same Near
Eastern monotheistic
tradition, and even though
from its inception Islam


the security and solidarity
of Muslim State or
Community are the
disputes and quarrels that
might arise between
different groups or
parties. The most
effective remedy to
compose these quarrels is
to settle the disputes by
Muslims themselves or
refer it to the United
Nations, to resolve the
conflict It is, however
desirable that the Muslims
should resolve their
conflicts or disputes
themselves rather than
referring it to any other


rivers in high places, and
fountains in the midst of
the valleys: I will make
the wilderness a pool of
water, and the dry land
springs of water. I will
plant in the wildemess the
cedar, the shittah tree, and
the myrtle, and the oil
tree; I will set in the desert
the fir tree, and the pine,


recognized the common
heritage--acknowledging
both the virgin birth and
Jesus as prophet--
Muslims reject the
divinity of Jesus. The
strong aversion of the
Qur'an to Jesus being the
Son of God might be
attributed to the fact that
its sources were removed


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organization. Individually
resolved differences are
preferable to make it an
internal matter. But in the
larger interest of unity, the
conflict must be resolved,
even if a reference is to be
made to any other agency.
Any way, unless the life in
a Muslim State is
peaceful, it cannot make
any progress at national or
international level.
It is a well known fact
that individual quarrels
are easier to resolve than
group quarrels, or in the
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and the box tree together:
That they may see, and
know, and consider, and
understand together, that
the hand of the Lord hath
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from the truth of the
Gospel. Islamic
unfamiliarity with the
divinity of Jesus and the
Gospel might contribute
to its anti-Christian
attitude,
While Islam seems
unwilling to delve deeper
into Qur'anic textual
sources, the similarity


quarrels. To resolve these
conflicts, nonetheless, the
"collective community of
Islam" should have
"power" over the groups
or nations. It would be
expected to act amicably,
fairly and justly to resolve
the conflicts brought to its
attention. For, peace is
always better than
fighting. The essential
condition, however, is that
there should be perfect
fairness, respect for the
parties involved.


your heart. Lord Jesus I
believe that you are the
only Son of God and paid
for all my sins on the
cross. Forgive me. I am a
sinner. Enter my heart and
fill me with the Spirit of
God. Save me from hell.
Thank you, Lord Jesus,
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between the Our'an and
Christian Scripture might
serve as the springboard
of a fruitful journey of
dialogue. And mutual
understanding of Mary
might be a bridge.


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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

OKLAHOMA/NEW MEXICO


Alabama News
(continued from page 4)
Happy 94th Birthday
to Ms Freda Cain. May
God bless you on your
special day now and
forever.
Mr. & Mrs. Ray Patton
(Kathy Habeeb Patton)
welcome their baby girl
Sophia Elizabeth Patton.
Sophia arrived February
6th weighing in at 71bs.
and 14 oz.
Mary Elizabeth Petro,
daughter of Gene and Liz
Petro, participated in the
Star Junior Symphony in
Gadsden, Alabama. From
this event Mary Elizabeth
was chosen to be in the
top 10 participants in the
Alabama All State
Festival Orchestra. Mary
Elizabeth was in 1st
Violin section.

Florida News
(continued from page 4)
R. Abraham, with the
"Lifetime Hero of the
Heart Award". This award
was well deserved and as
always, we are proud to
have "Mr. A." as a
member of the Salam
Club ofMiami.


Congratulations to
Mike and Patty
Lawrence. Their only
daughter, Amelia, has
become engaged to a very
fine young man. Amelia
teaches at St. Thomas
Episcopal School and
Chris teaches at Our Lady
of Lourdes Academy.
They met in college.

Georgia News
(continued from page 4)
prepped at Marist here in
Atlanta, and who was a
Lineman of the -Year
honoree in 1947, was also
cited as a high school All-
American that year. He
went on to play at
Georgia Tech and was the
starting fullback on
Bobby Dodd's 1951 SEC
Championship team that
finished with an- 11-0-1
record and defeated
Baylor in the 1952
Orange Bowl.
Coach Maloof spent
most of his coaching
career at St. Pius, which
he considered a labor of
love. Though he has been
away from coaching and
the school for 19 years,
his legacy will still live
on. The Pius family made


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Louisiana News


med after (continued from page 4)
. Maloof. High School in New
0t .u Orleans. Additionally, he
put up is a 1973 honors graduate
ching days of the University of New
with 168 Orleans with a degree in
with 168 B u s i n e s s
ses and 12 Law/Accounting. He is a
lden Lions
to'the Class 1975 graduate of the Paul
tChampion- M. Hebert Law Center at
in 1968. Louisiana State
s career he University, where he
Class AA served as the President of
ch of the the Flory Trial Club from
s t head 1974-1975.
the ad Judge Zainey had a
North squad general litigation practice,
eorgia High which included
r Game. representation of private
aloof was citi
0 many of citizens, corporations and
'his an be governmental entities in
h a Federal, State and
fact that at Administrative Courts.
his former
Zainey served as
gone on to President of the Louisiana
successful
irown-riht State Bar Association
iron right (1995-1996), President of
sons Kevin
the Jefferson Bar
rge Maloof Association (1990-1991)
fthe Cedar an d on the Executive
f Ithe Cedar
a, Inc. (continued on page 27)


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Page 24 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Western Civilization
(continued from page 17)
debate and defended the
use of icons in Christian
rites. His teachings on the
subject form an integral
part of official Church
dogma. Considered the last
of the Fathers of the
Church, St. John stands as
an ornament of the Church
under the caliphate.

6- Translating the
Greek Classics
Sixth, after Europe had
sunk into the Dark Ages, it
was the people of Syria
and Lebanon who kept the
science and philosophy of
Ancient Greece alive,
translated the Greek
classics into Syriac and
then into Arabic, improved
and expanded upon the
learning of the Greeks, and
then transmitted them back
to Europe during the High
Middle Ages, effectively


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During the Ommayyad
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for two centuries prior to
that time, Syrian and
Lebanese scholars were
systematically translating
the Greek classics into
Syriac. These early
translations were vital to
the preservation of these
ancient works because of
events that occurred and
that would follow. In
646AD, during the Arab
siege of Alexandria, its
library of 400,000 Greek
and Roman manuscripts
was destroyed by fire. Now
that many of the original
Greek works had
disappeared, their Syriac
translations alone survived.


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Translations from
Syriac into Arabic

By 750AD, the capital
of the Arab empire had
shifted from Damacus to
the newly built city on the
Tigris River, "Baghdad".
Even so, the Syrian and
Lebanese scholars
continued to play a
dominant role in the
caliphate. Under the
Abbasid caliphate, the
systematic translation of
the Greek classics from
Syriac into Arabic was
begun. Thiyufil Ibn Tuma,
a Maronite, translated
Homer and Galen into
Arabic. Thabit Ibn Qurrah,
a Sabian, translated Greek
mathematical and
astronomical works,


including Euclid, Ptolemy,
and Archimedes. The
works of Plato, Aristotle,
and Hyppocrates, which
were still available in the
original Greek, were
translated into Syriac by
the prince of translators,
Hunayn Ibn Ishac (809-
873), and his son and
nephew then rendered
these translations, into
Arabic. The reason for this
was that the older Syrian
scholars like Hunayn who
were fluent in Greek were
not yet expert in Arabic,
whereas the younger
generation, which was
schooled in Arabic, was no
longer proficient in Greek.
The Arabs greatly
expanded on this basic
knowledge, especially in
(continued on page 26)


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Page 25 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


FBI
(continued from page 17)
For example, who will be
responsible for the quality
of the information put in
the database to make sure,
it's correct? Will we
accept files from foreign
sources based, on their
"allegations" of individual
criminals? When the
Attorney General refers to
criminals caught by the
system, are these crimes in
any way related to
counter-terrorism?
What impact does this
have on the targeted
communities?
It will be perceived


Arabic Diva
(continued from page 16)
concert halls throughout
the Middle East and
donating the proceeds to
help Egypt rebuild from its
war losses. Her charity
work and patriotism earned
her the red diplomatic
passport on display in the
museum, and she became
Egypt's honorary
ambassador to the world.
Other accolades came in
the form of trophies and
awards, including the Nile
Medal presented to her by


negatively among Arab
and Muslim communities
in the U.S., creating a
climate of fear and
intimidation. Arab and
Muslim visitors to the
United States are usually
part of larger family or
social groups based in
communities throughout
this country. These
people and networks are
now on notice that they
are being singled out, once
again, for procedures that
are not applied to others.
This will cause more
tension in relations
between local
communities and local


King Farouk in 1946 and
the Lebanese Cedars Medal
that she received in 1959.
In all, 18 rows of awards
from Arab governments are
mounted behind glass.
"All these precious
things belonged to her
relatives and were offered
to the museum as gifts,"
explains Antar.
Framed letters from
dignitaries and song lyrics
by poet Ahmed Shawki and
Bairam el-Tounsi are
presented in temperature
and humidity controlled


officials tasked with yet
another ill-informed
initiative.
Fingerprinting visitors
to the United States is not
a deterrent to terrorists but
an obstacle to tourists,
visitors, businesses, and
others who will now turn
away from contact with
this country.
It sends a message to
visitors targeted from
Arab and Muslim
countries that they are not
welcome in the U.S., and
going through a rigorous
clearance process to get an
entry visa does not protect
them from further


glass cases. Among these
unique treasures are the
original lyrics of Leila we
Naharz" (All Day Long) in
the handwriting of poet
Abdel Fattah Moustafa.
Documents chronicle
'the development of Umm
Kulthoum's music, and a
1934 contact on display
reveals the managerial
shrewdness of the singer,
even in her early days. The
contract, through which
Umm Kulthoum
performed 52 one-hour live
recitals over ten months for


conditions once they
arrive in the States.
Act Now.
Call your local media.
Call your member of
Congress and voice your
concern.
Ask them to insist on
changes to the proposed
surveillance powers to
protect the privacy of
individuals and groups.
Ask them to insist on a
public mechanism to
monitor the
implementation and
effectiveness of these new
powers.


Radio Cairo, gave the 30-
year-old singer all rights to
her recorded works and,
through an article she
inserted, ensured that she
would be the highest paid
singer in Egypt.
Enamoured studio
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(continued on page 27)


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Page 26 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Western Civilization
(continued from page 24)
the fields of science and
medicine. Huayn Ibn
Ishak, the translator was
also the Caliph's personal
physician; He wrote a
textbook of medicine in the
form of questions and
answers known by its Latin
title of "Questiones
Medicinae." He was also
instrumental in founding
the first Hospital in
Baghdad and starting a
Medical School there.
By the 10th Century AD,
Arabic became to the East
what Latin & Greek had
been in the west-the
language of literature and
the Arts and Sciences-the
common tongue of the
educated.
In the 12th Century AD,
after struggling for more
than 300 years in the Dark


Ages, Europe awoke, and
sought to renew its prior
glory, to renew the classic
learning before the fall of
the Roman Empire. The
only source that existed of
the ancient classics was the
Arabic translations.
Consequently, long after
the Greek originals were
lost or destroyed, the
Greek classics were
reintroduced into Europe
during the Renaissance
through these Arabic
translations, enhanced and
augmented by the Arabs
own original contributions.
The Arabs are rightly
credited for having
preserved the knowledge
of ancient Greece, and for
transmitting these classics
into Western Europe. What
is less commonly realized
is that many of the works,
which helped to bring


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about the Renaissance in.
the West in- the 15th and
16th centuries, were Latin
translations of Arabic
translations of Syriac
translations of the Greek
originals! And that the
people responsible for the
original translations were
Syrian Lebanese scholars
of earlier centuries!

Conclusion
Not only then were the
people of Syria and
Lebanon present at the
birth of Western
Civilization, they were
there again at its rebirth
during the Renaissance!
So, what happened next?
How did an area of the
world, which contributed
so much to civilization as a
whole, and to Western
civilization, in particular


KNOWLEDGE
ANSWERS
RESULTS


disappear from the world
scene so completely and
permanently? We do not
claim to have the entire
answer to that riddle.
But what happened next
is a matter of record. First,
the entire Levant was
repeatedly
devastated by the
Mongols and all its major
cities destroyed. Then, the
Middle East, Syria
and Lebanon included,
entered its Dark Age under
the repressive and
benighted rule of
the Ottoman Empire,
which was destined to last
from the 14th through the
20th century and from
which it is only now
beginning to emerge.
It is only now that Syria
and Lebanon are beginning
to emerge from their Dark
(continued on page 27)


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Page 27 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002

CALIFORNIA


Western Civilization
(continued from page 26)
Age. And you, Ladies and
Gentlemen, whether you
know it or not, are
spearheading that rebirth.
In the short time that our
people have been in this
country, we have excelled
in every field of endeavor;


Diva
(continued from page 26)
record her music. The RCA
microphone on which the
diva recorded most of her
songs occupies one comer.
Nearby, a Uher 4000
Report, possibly the same
recorder used to capture the
celebrated 1964 hit "Inta
Umri" (You're my Life), is
stuck on pause as if a
testament to the star's


Louisiana News
(continued from page 23)
Council of the National
Conference of Bar
Presidents (1998- 2000).
Further, as State Bar
Association President,
Judge Zainey established a
special committee devoted
to providing legal services
for the disabled. These two
committees are reportedly
the first of their kind
sponsored by any state bar
association in the nation.
In addition to his
involvement in a
considerable number of bar


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we have contributed a Poet
Laureate in the person of
Kalil Gibran; a Nobel Prize
winner in Chemistry in the
person of Professor
Khoury; a famed -heart
surgeon,Michael
DeBakey; a former Senate
majority Jeader,- George
Mitchell, author of the


enduring spirit.
Not everything in the
museum is an antique.
Multimedia installations-
including a darkened room
where video footage is
projected on a huge screen
with a wave-like surface-
aim to convey the cultural
importance of the greatest
Arab singer of all time.
Touch-screen stations in
the museum's library allow
visitors to browse digital


association activities, Mr.
Zainey is involved in
numerous civic activities.
He currently serves on the
Board of Directors of the
Advocacy Center for the
Disabled and Elderly, is
Past President of the Extra
Mile, Jefferson Parish
Human Services Authority
which provides services
and counseling to the
mentally ill and their
families, is a past Board
Member of- the Jefferson
Performing Arts Society,
and is 'a past Member of the
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Abraham; Heisman
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photographs, listen to
music or watch recordings
of Umm Kulthoum's
concerts. A 24-seat cinema
shows documentaries on
Umm Kulthoum and
excerpts from the six films
she starred in between 1936
and 1947: Wedad, Nashid
al-Amal, Dananir, Aida,
Salama and Fatma.
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were. alive today to see this
museum, I think she would


Mental Retardation Task
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Abraham Zainey, Judge


of Alkek Sinclair Oil, and
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Michel T. Halbouty of
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Co.; novelist William Peter
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Ladies and Gentlemen is
only the beginning.


cry with happiness," says
Antar. "Her surviving
friends and family are
happy with what we have
made for her."
But music critic and
opera singer Ratiba el-
Hefni wonders if Umm
Kulthoum really needs a
museum.
"She is alive inside
every Arab person," she
says.


Zainey's grandfather, is
purported to be the first
attorney of Lebanese
heritage to practice law in
the Untited States.


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Page 28 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR July 2002
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