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The Syrian Lebanese star ( March 1, 2002 )

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UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities LSTA SLAF
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Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
March 1, 2002
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00003

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
March 1, 2002
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00003

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
        page 4
    North Florida/Florida Gold Coast
        page 5
    Florida's Gold Coast
        page 6
    Central Florida
        page 7
    Florida Gulf Coast
        page 8
    Georgia
        page 9
    Atlanta, GA
        page 10
    North Carolina
        page 11
    Virginia
        page 12
    Virginia/Maryland
        page 13
    Maryland
        page 14
    Tennessee
        page 15
    Alabama/Mississippi
        page 16
    Houston, TX
        page 17
    Dallas, TX
        page 18
    Texas
        page 19
    Las Vegas, NV
        page 20
    Arizona
        page 21
    Colorado
        page 22
    Colorado/Utah
        page 23
    Southern California
        page 24
        page 25
        page 26
        page 27
        page 28
        page 29
    Northern California
        page 30
        page 31
    Recommended Businesses
        page 32
Full Text





STHE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR
AN INDEPENDENT MONTHLY


RECEIVED
B M&R 1 4 2002
PKYonge Library
of Florida History
$15.00 SUBSCRIPTION


E I


SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE
Celebrating 39 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
www.syrianlebanesestar.com


Islamic Contributions In The
Medieval Ages To Contemporary
Western Education


For five centuries from
700 to 1200, Islam led the
world in power, order, and
extent of government; in
refinement of manners; in
standards of living; in
humane legislation and
religious tolerance; in
literature, scholarship,
science, medicine, and
philosophy.
By outlining several of
the significant theories
and concepts medieval
Islamic society has
contributed to
contemporary Western'
education, we will explain
the influences of Islamic


civilization, which
extends from Spain to
Afghanistan, as has been
inspired by the Noble
Qur'an and Prophetic
sayings.
As with other modern
societies, there is no
doubt that Islamic
civilization contains
many unique features as
well as being influenced
by other cultural factors
from India, Greece, Italy,
Persia, Egypt, and China.
During the great cultural
awakening after the ride
of Islam in the seventh
(continued on page 7)


Lebanon:
Peg Pressures Weigh On Banks
These are tough times LBPdenominated
for Lebanese banks. Their Treasury bills (T-bills) to
access to the lucrative US maximise investments.
market is under threat This raises problems in its
following the own right and, with banks
government's failure to holding over 60% of total
freeze Hezbollah bank public domestic debt
accounts and, at home, the stock, there are profound
economic recession has questions about the future
made lending avenues of the sector, given the
scarce, forcing institutions deteriorating sovereign
to fall back heavily upon (continued on page 13)

Jordan:
Great Expectations For 2002


The minister of
finance, Michel Marto,
announced at the
beginning of January that
he expects to see real
GDP grow by 4% and a
budget deficit of 6.5% of
GDP in 2002. BMI is less
optimistic. Although we
expect to see economic
growth in the Kingdom in
2002, it is anticipated that
it will come in lower than


the official forecast, at
perhaps 3.2%, mainly due
to the depressed global
economic environment
and political instability in
the region.
There is also some
concern regarding the
government's ability to
adhere to the recently
announced budget for
2002. Officially, spending
(continued on page 13)


Algeria:
Military Kills
Leader of
Radical Group
BLIDA In a major
success for the military-
backed government,
security forces killed the
leader of Algeria's most
radical insurgency group in
an assault on his hide-out
near the capital, a military
(continued on page 14)

DC-Area
Muslims Hold
Voter Drive at
Hajj Festival
Effort is part of
national Muslim voter
registration campaign
On Friday, February 22,
Washington-area Muslims
will be offered voter
registration materials at a
festival celebrating Eid ul-
(continued on page 14)

New Facility
Will Allow St.
Jude to Make
Vaccines On-Site
In November, St. Jude
Children's Research
Hospital broke ground on
an exciting new facility
that the institution hopes
(continued on page 15


Sofield Brings
Business &
Political Expertise
to Comptroller
General Race in
South Carolina


On Saturday, January
26th, 2002, the Islamic
Institute and the
(continued on page 14)

Ashcroft
Continues to
Dodge Quote as
Florida Votes to
Punish Arab
Students
Statements this week
from Attorney General
John Ashcroft did little to
eliminate the controversy
surrounding his alleged
remark regarding
differences between
Islam and Christianity.
Cal Thomas, a nationally
(continued on page 15)


St. Jude Board members and patients break ground on a new facility
that will allow the hospital to manufacture vaccines and other
biological products without relying on pharmaceutical companies.


Battlegrounds Become Vineyards


In biblical times, Old Testament prophet
Lebanon was famous for Hosea wrote that this tiny
its gold, its forests of mountainous land on the
cedar-and its wine. In the
eighth century B.C., the (continued on page 16)
Senator Lieberman Addresses Terrorism,
Relations With Islamic Countries
Senator Joseph combating- global
Lieberman (D-CT), back terrorism. He said that
from a tour of Central "we must launch a long-
Asia, spoke on topics term geopolitical and
ranging from the U.S. role ideological initiative ... to
in Central Asia to combat the despotism,
(continued on page 22)
Delta Apologizes to Muslim Teen
Forced to Remove Headscarf


Airline's president
makes personal cali to
express "regret" for
incident
The president of Delta
Air Lines has apologized
personally to a Muslim
high school student who
was forced to remove her
religiously-mandated
headscarf by guards hired
by the airline at
Baltimore/Washington
International Airport
(BWI).
Delta President and
Chief Operating Officer
Frederick W. Reid called
17-year-old Enaas


Sarsour after issuing a
formal apology
(continued oi



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XXXX #3 MARCH 2002





II Page 2 --- THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR ....................... March 2002


University Boulevard and
Cherry -Street near 195.
Sleiman bought the
30,000-square-foot Santa
Monica Village shopping
center several weeks ago,
he said.
The retail development
firm will put a new facade
on the center. Tenants
include China Buffet,
TLC Beauty and Family
Dollar.
Sleiman does not stop
with the Santa Monica
renovations. In mid-
February, he will begin
.work on the 300,000-
square-foot Wal-Mart site
on Atlantic Boulevard.
He's also broken
(continued on page 23)


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World Golf Village Review


The World Golf Village
(WGF), in the heart of
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home to a variety of
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including the award
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greatest players and
moments are properly
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it a business traveler, a-
family or a group of
friends, can relax and
unwind day or night.
It is ,an ideal golf
vacation destination
offering world-class
amenities, including
deluxe accommodations,


unique shopping and
dining, and fun-filled
attractions, Visit the WGF
Hall of Fame, view a
spectacular IMAX movie,
experience the "pressure"
of putting with. television
cameras and a full gallery
watching, browse at the
PGA Tour Stop which has
the newest golf clubs and
sportswear, hone your
skills at the PGA Tour
Golf Academy, enjoy
eating at famous
restaurants, tour historic
St, Augustine or lounge
by one of the swimming
pools at the resort.
T he Slammer, and The
Squire Named for its
legendary course
consultants, Sam Snead
and Gene Sarazen, The
Slammer & The Squire
has hosed three nationally
televised events since
(continued on page 24)


Best Wishes From
ATKINSON'S PHARMACY
(904) 268-5575
9735-15 Old St. Augustine Rd. Jacksonville, FL

Best Wishes From

A-I HOME INSPECTION
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Serving Northeast Florida
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problems before you buy your home.
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NETWORK REALTY
Ann Hayman
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Office: (904) 384-0054 ext. 416
Cell: (904) 534-5005
Ann offers an excellent selection of residential
and vacation properties. Ann's listings include
gated communities, investment properties,
waterfront, and many fine homes in Green
Cove Springs and surrounding areas.

www.stjohnscountyrealtor.com
Jacksonville, Florida


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Our Prices Bring You In
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A COMPLETE FOOD & DRUG STORE

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Immigration Law
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Attorney at Law
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Bus.: (904) 296-9474 Fax: (904) 296-9848

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ALBERTSONS


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in many areas of
Jacksonville. And if you
have a minute, he'll tell
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them.
One of his latest is an
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SPage'3 "' THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STIR" March 2002' 1


The Holy
Trinity and
Who is Jesus?
The scripture reading is
taken from Matthew 16:15
Jesus asked His
disciples saying "But
whom say ye that I am?
16: And Simon Peter
answered and said, Thou
art the Christ, the Son of
the living God. 17: And
Jesus answered and said
unto him, Blessed art
thou, Simon Bar-jona: for
flesh and blood hath not
revealed it unto thee, but
my Father which is in
heaven.
Let us pray: Our dear
heavenly Father the
almighty God who knows
everything and can do
anything, open the eyes,
the minds of all the
Americans as 85% of
them are lost, that they
may know this ministry of
the Holy Trinity and be
saved through the blood
of Jesus, in His name we
pray, Amen.
Someone asked these
two questions, "How can


-


mev. rrea iviassaoni
you explain the Holy
Trinity, and who is
Jesus"?
My answer, this is the
most serious problem we
have in America for many
reasons; Some even
though they don't
understand the Holy
Trinity, they don't even
ask to know the truth,
others they don't have the
faith or the courage to
ask, others they don't
study the bible to hear
what God is saying to
them, other are not
interested of the things of
God, others they believe
in God alone, and the
bible says in James 2: 19:
Thou believes that there
(continued on.page 25)


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The Maronite
Church
The Maronite Catholic
Church evolved from the
Antiochene tradition.
A group of faithful
gathered under the
leadership of St. Maron
(d. 410 A.D.). The
Maronite Patriarchate was
formed in 685 under St.
John Maron. The
Maronites migrated to
Lebanon during he
Moslem invasions in the
7th century. The influence
of the Crusades latinized
and westernized Maronite
practices in the 11 13th
centuries. Stronger ties
were developed with.
Rome in the 15 16th
centuries.
The following sketches
outline some
characteristics of the
Maronite Church.
Maronite Theology
A plurality of cultures
existed in ancient Syria.
The Maronites favored


Best Wishes To Our Many
Syrian & Lebanese Friends & Customers,





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Meekness (2)
The Arabic word
'Haun' or 'Hudna' is
translated in English as
'Meekness.' It simply
means 'not to inflict any
sort of injury or pain upon
other person Also, to live
in peace and harmony
together'. The injunctions
in the Holy Quran are:
And live in peace with
one another"
(8:2) Another
translation:
"And keep straight the
relations between
yourselves."
(8:2) The Verse of the
Holy Quran 8:2 signifies
that the Muslims should
always live amicably and
peacefully with one
another. The Muslims
should -be God- fearing
and promote accord
between themselves. By
definition, Muslims are
submissive to Allah and,
thus peaceful.Their
relations should be
cordial and they should


By Dr. Qazi Muhammad
Barkatullah
live at peace and amity
with one another.
(Eng. Com. No. 1092-
A Vol. 2 P. 869.) The gist
of the Verse 8:2 is that the
Muslims must stay in
'peace' with one another.
The internal relations of
the Muslims must be kept
straight. The muslims
must -not be disturbed by
cupidity or wordly
considerations of gain
For any windfall of this
kind should be outside the
calculations any way.
(Eng. Tr. Yusuf Ali No.
1179 P. 415.
Again the Holy Quran
stresses:
And reconciliation And
Living in Peace is the
best."
(continued on page 27)


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By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
the semitic culture and the
Syriac tradition, resisted
Hellenism, and accepted
the Syriac-Aramaic
culture and language.
This theological
mentality expressed itself
in Biblical thought forms
rather than in Greek
philosophy. It synthesized
the teachings of the
Syrian Fathers of the
Church. (Jerusalem,
Antioch, Edessa, Nisibis).
The Syrian Fathers
stress the transcendence
and hiddenness of God.
Syriac thought
considers revelation not
(continued on page 26)


liai





I.- ii


I| Page 4


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.,
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year


40 years of Helping Children Live


This February, St. Jude
Children's Research
Hospital will mark its 40th
anniversary of fighting
deadly diseases and
helping to ensure that "no
child should die in the
dawn of life."
And while the hospital
founded by Danny Thomas


has done much work in the
past to conquer cancer and
other catastrophic diseases
of childhood, it has no
plans for resting on its
laurels. The one-building
erected in 1962 has
become a sprawling
campus that treats
(continued on page 28)


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and defending immigrant
rights in the wake of the
September I I terrorist
attacks.
Three of the resolutions

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DNC Passes
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were introduced by Arab
American DNC Executive
Committee Member Dr.
James Zogby and
included significant
passages regarding Arab
American and Muslim
(continued on page 29)

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March 2002 II


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For western oil firms,
Sudan's nascent oil industry is
a plague many feel should be
avoided. With powerful
human rights lobbyists at
home calling for
disinvestment by shareholders
and threats 'by the US
government to de-list oil firms
operating in Sudan from
American capital markets, it is
easy to see why .western
companies would elect to steer
clear, even without regular
threats by the rebel Sudan
People's Liberation Army
(SPLA), who say they will
shut down all the oilfields by
force.
However, despite the
drawbacks, Asian oil and gas
firms, especially those from
the Far East view the oilfields
in Africa's largest country,
currently embroiled in an 18-
year-old civil war, as the
answer to their prayers and, as
such, well worth the risk.


Arab Investment in
Sudan's Oil Increases
Asian firms, most of them
state owned, are tripping over
themselves to get a share of
the three billion barrels
reported to be awaiting
exploitation beneath Sudan's
scorched earth.
Long used to criticism by
the West that their own
governments are
undemocratic, companies
from China, Malaysia,
Indonesia and India have
ignored criticism by western
human rights organizations
and are now running the show
in Sudan. They dismiss
criticism their investments are
fuelling the war. The Asians
see Sudan as no different from
the many other, war-torn
Central Asian and African
countries accused of human
rights violations where,
nevertheless, western oil firms
(continued on page 30)


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FLORIDA'S GOLD COAST


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Page 7 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

CENTRAL FLORIDA


Islam Contributes
(continued from page 1)
century, Muslim scholars
carefully formed,
gathered, translated,
preserved, and refined
knowledge from many
sources at a time when
Europe was largely
intolerant of pagan
traditions. Islamic
scholars incorporated this
abundance of inspirations
in creative ways. In Islam,
all races and nations are
one, but the best people,
as Allah says, are the most
righteous of you. There
are no advantages due to
race, gender, or
nationality, for Allah
wants to unite humanity
in solidarity and mutual
respect. The Qur 'an sums
up this vital concept in
one beautiful verse:"O
mankind! We created you
from a single (pair) of-
male and a female, and
made you into nations and


may despise each other).
Verily the most honored
of you in the sight of
Allah is the most
righteous of you. And
Allah has full knowledge
and is well acquainted
(with all things)" [49:13].
Islam accepts all the
goodness that
civilizations can yield. It
does not encourage
dissidence among its
members because it
advocates the unity of
humanity and the
closeness of the
relationships among
people of different races
and inclinations (Qutb,
1994). This is not to say
that Western scholars do
not appreciate the
countless Islamic
contributions to
education, both in theory
and practice. Durant
(1950, p. 341) says, "The
rise and decline of Islamic
civilization is one of the


tribes, that } e may kknow major phenomena of
each other (not that ye history. For five centuries,


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government; in
refinement of manners; in
standards of living; in
humane legislation and
religious tolerance; in
literature, scholarship,
science, medicine, and
philosophy." The texts of
Al-Khawarizmi (780-850)
in algebra, Avicenna (979-
1037) in medicine and
others were used in
European universities into
the 17 century.
Islamic society was
strong in medieval times
because there was a unity
of purpose among all
Muslims. They spoke the
same language; they
worshipped the same God


in the same manner, and
openly stated that their
goal was cooperation,
rather than factioning.
In the literature of the
history of education,
however, there are few
remarks noting the
contributions of Muslim
educators. As the great
philosopher John Dewey
(1993) acknowledges, we
often overlook the
indebtedness of Christian
civilization to Islamic
civilization, which was far
more developed at that
time. Muslim researchers
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have a spiritually rich
heritage. Their
literature needs to be
presented academically
(continued on page 8)


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Page 8 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

FLORIDA GULF COAST


Islam Contributes
(continued from page 7)
and publicly to invalidate
the accusations of
extreme materialism,
s y s t e m a t i c
misrepresentation, and
historical prejudice that
currently exist in the West
regarding Islam.
Many significant
Islamic influences on
Western education and
civilization are still
relatively unfamiliar,
which makes it difficult to
appreciate the positive
contributions of this
culture has made on
Western development.
This article will present
some of these
contributions to
education, and will
highlight the role of Islam
in the evolution of the
Western world.
Background
During the Crusades,
Europe began to establish
more hospitals and schools,
many of which were
inspired by Muslims.,


2


Muslim educational
philosophers declared that
teaching required special
preparation and -training
programs. In 10th century
Baghdad, hundreds of
students took examinations
each year before they could
work in. hospitals. Many
Europeans studied in


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Islamic universities and
carried their experiences
back to their home
countries. This interaction
was not continuous. There
were times, such as during
the Crusades, when groups
f1om one faith would
discourage" interactions
with those from other


faiths, particularly
Christians against Muslims.
But prior to this period,
educational institutions in
Spain were among the
- important centers through
which European scholars
_-studied the East and its


(continued on page 9)


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Page 9 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

GEORGIA


Islam Contributes
(continued from page 8)
culture. During the
Renaissance, Europeans
alternately considered the
East as friendly neighbor
and hostile enemy. One
can imagine them looking
with fresh interest at those
who lived in neighboring
areas, whether to control
them or to understand
them. Burnett, (1996)
mentions that. Contacts
between Christians and
Muslims were not always
hostile. "Ambassadors
were sent back and forth,
trade was brisk" (P. 108).


Mathematics
One example of Islamic
origins of Western
mathematical education is
the system of Arabic
numeral notation and
decimals. These
numbering and counting
systems (called Arabic
numerals) were developed
by Muslim
mathematicians, and are
still in use today. The
words "zero" and
"algebra" are derived from
their original Arabic
names. Muslim scholars
can take "credit for


rescuing the useful zero
from the heart of India and
putting it to work in the
elaboration of the decimal
system, without which the
achievements of modem
science would be
impossible" (Cobb, 1965).


As just one illustration,
Zahoor and Haq (1997)
explain the importance of
the symbol for "zero" as a
critical step to the
arithmetic of positions.
With the implementation
(continued on page 10)


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

ATLANTA, GA


Islam Contributes
(continued from page 9)
of the Arabic numbering
system, elementary
calculations were perfected
and the relationships
among the equal and the
unequal and prime
numbers, and squares and
cubes, were elaborated.
Definition of algebra led to
discussion of geometry. In
about 820 AD, the
mathematician Al-
Khawarizmi wrote a
textbook of Algebra in
examples (subsequently
translated into Latin),
which was used by
Western scholars as
recently as the 16th century
(Zahoor & Haq).
Language
Mathematics is not the
only subject influenced by
Islam. Many common
words in English and
some of the European
languages have been
drawn from Arabic words.
Some examples of
English words of Arabic
origin are: admiral
(Ameer Al-Ma), alchemy,
alcohol, algebra, almanac,
attar, candy, cotton,
gazelle, henna, gibraltar,
giraffe, jar, jasmine, kohl,


lemon, safari, sesame,
sharif, sherbet, sofa,
spinach, and wadi.
Muessiq and Alien
(1962) acknowledge
Western education's debt to
Islam and assert that it
would be difficult to find a
course or field without
Islamic influence, even
though it may not be
presented as such. A high
school home economics
teacher, for example, may
use food names with an
Islamic origin, such as
sugar, an arithmetic teacher


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presenting a lesson on the
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that the term is of Arabic
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instructors use words of
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An Islamic inspiration is
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Muslims encouraged the
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materials to the general
public, and the spreading of
general enlightenment.
(continued on page 11)


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SPag^e ll'' -THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR' March 2002

NORTH CAROLINA


iislam Contributes
'(continued from page 10)
Public and private libraries
in Islamic civilizations
reflect that books were
;often read. Various sources
report that Al-Hakam
,gathered some 600,000
,volumes in Al-Andalus. To
;compare this to later
,collections, the Royal
"Library of France was said
,to have only 900 volumes
,approximately 400 years
later (see Muessiq SL
'Alien, 1962, p. 15 2). In
that era, some hospitals and
clinics even had libraries.
Durant (1950, vol. 4, pp. 3
'3 0- 3 3 1 ) mentions that
'great hospitals would often
"provide professional
'storytellers for the
sleepless. Thus, knowledge
was a gateway to serve the
community.
Science
Great volumes of
,Arabic and Greek
scientific research were
translated into Latin
during the 12th and 13th


centuries, which had a
great impact upon the
European Renaissance.
Another example of the
influence of Islamic
learning on the West can
be noted in the organized
translation into Latin of
many Islamic scholarly
works in such fields as
science and philosophy
Muslims in the
medieval ages refined and
applied the experimental
methods of science and
attitude. They studied
mathematics, medicine,
chemistry, astronomy,
geography, and other
academic areas. Working
in laboratories was a
customary part of their
research efforts. Their
methods of gathering
information in a
systematic fashion were
quite workable, and have
provided a foundation for
the systems in use today.
Muslims had
established laboratories
over one thousand year


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ago in which they
conducted experiments
and published their
discoveries, without
which, the French chemist,
Lavoisier, would not have
been able to produce
anything in his field.
Modern chemistry
originated from the
research and
experimentation of
Muslim scientists, which is
demonstrated in such great
scientific discoveries as
steam, electricity,
telegraphy, telephony, and
radio signals (Zahoor &;
Haq, 1997).
Avicenna's "Canon of
Medicine" became the
most authoritative
medical text of the Middle
Ages, and was used in
European medical
schools, passing through
numerous editions.
Western scholars
recognize that this text
has been revered as a


medical bible for a period
longer than any other
work (Cobb, 1965- and
Myers 1964). It is a
systematic encyclopedia
based, for the most part,
on the achievements of
Greek physicians of the
Roman imperial age and
other Arabic works and, to
a lesser extent, on
Avicenna" own
experiences (his own
clinical notes were lost
during his journeys).
Encyclopaedia Britannica
(2000) calls the "Canon of
Medicine" the world's
most famous single book
in the history of medicine.
Gobb (1963) in his book
'Islamic Contribution to
Civilization' studied
Islamic history in depth in
an appreciative and cordial
manner. About significant
contributions made by
Muslims he says; 'For
more than five centuries
(continued on page 12)


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Page 12 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

VIRGINIA


Islam Contributes
(continued from page 11)
that civilization not only
led the world in science,
but was the only portion of
mankind actively engaged
in the systematic pursuit of
knowledge II (p. 5).
Education
Perhaps the most
profound and vital
contribution of Muslims to
educational theory is
demonstrated by their
advocacy of universal, free
education. Islam
encourages the education of
capable boys and girls of all
stations of life, and the
acceptance of teachers of
different races and
persuasions. Long before
western Europeans
championed the concept of
educational opportunities
for everyone, the Muslims
had implemented this
philosophy in a variety of
ways. In many respects,
Muslims predated Western
educational practices by
over a millennium.
Muslims were the first to
structure higher education
as we know it, and there is a
clear influence on Western
scholarship by Islamic
institutions. Bait al-Hikma,
the first recorded Muslim
University, was established
early in the 9th century. The
Muslims passed on the
concept of specialization of


universities within a narrow
range of subjects, endowed
chairs, scholarships for the
needy, public financial
support, establishment of
endowments, auditing of
courses, organization of
academic disciplines, and
student selection of field
and advisor. Many Western
scholars were included
among the students-men
who later became Catholic
Popes and church scholars,
university professors,
authors, scientists, and
physicians (Muessiq &
Alien, 1962).
Children of even the
lowest socioeconomic
status are entitled to know
the romance of learning.
There are many examples
of desperately poor
Islamic students who
obtained an education and
who subsequently became
eminent scholars in their
own right, to whom others
would come seeking
knowledge. Bilal Bin
Rabah and Ata ibn Abi
Rabah are clear examples
of students taking
advantage of these
opportunities. Islam lifts
its adherents above
consciousness of race or
color, establishing an
effective brotherhood in
the name of Allah.
Islam has established a
legacy of outstanding
moral guidelines, which is


AM E I I C: A
-D S


-I'm-'. k

lul


direly nee
contemporary
propagation
virtues would e
dissension caus
discrimination
peoples (Toynb
205). God tell
Noble Qur
among His si
creation of the
the earth,
variations
languages and
Verily in these
those who kno'
Sumir
The immen
the influences
knowledge o
culture and e
underestimate
knowledgeable
Full disclo;
acknowledged
contributions i
to helping al


ded by understand the history of
society. The their field.
of Islamic Muslim educational
eliminate the' philosophers have a rich
ed by racial heritage that is full of
among spirituality. Their research
>ee, 1957, p. needs to be publicized not
s us in the only to expand the
'an; "And operating knowledge of
igns is the educators worldwide, but
heavens and also to disprove accusations
and the of materialism and refute
in your historical prejudice that
your colors, currently exists in the West
are signs for regarding Islam.
w." [30:22]. Today, scholars attempt to
iary build bridges that manifest a
se value of growing climate of openness
of Islamic and mutual respect in order
n western to understand religions.
education is Furthermore, there is a
i by .even strong tendency among
e scholars. some Orientalists to study
sure and Islam, with the aim of
ent of these finding a common ground
s necessary where they -can usefully
I educators agree with Muslims.


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Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR c (........ci. ............. ... Maiih 20o02"

VIRGINIA/MARYLAND


Lebanon
(continued from page 1)
risk profile. Over and
above the worstcase
scenario of Argentine-
style debt restructuring
and capital controls, the
more imminent concern is
of a devaluation of the
Lebanese pound, a point
highlighted by Adel Satel,
senior MENA banking
.analyst at Moody's
Investors Service, in
Limassol. Using this
year's 50% devaluation of
the Turkish lira as a recent
regional point of
comparison, he considers
that the larger Lebanese
banks are on the whole
better prepared than their
counterparts in Turkey
were in early 2001.
"Turkish banks had a
Higher appetite for risks,
and greater structural
weaknesses than .in
Lebanon, where the
banking regulator has


Jordan
(continued from page 1)
has been set at JOD2.4bn
from JOD2.3bn in 2001).
In BMI's view the overall
deficit level may exceed
projections as, although
some of it will be
Counterbalanced by
expected inflows of
foreign aid, the
government has
committed itself to a slew


been
independent, an
in its supervise
told BMI. In
Lebanese ba
allowed to hed
60% of their
foreign c
affording a higt
protection aga
large hit on tI
asset quality in
of devaluation..
Lebanon has
witnessed a high
deposit dollarisi
under 75% at
Consequently,
demand for U
should be
limited, especial
wage payments
in Lebanese pot
guaranteeing
domestic curr
continue to pla
some role in the
Finally, Satel
that the three ba
Moody's


relatively individually, Banque du
d rigorous Liban et d'Outre Mer
on," Satel (BLOM Bank), Bank
particular, Audi and Byblos Bank all
nks are enjoy strong backing from
ge up to their respective
capital in shareholders, which
urrencies, would help them to meet
h level of their financing needs.
Linst any Consequently, Satel
he bank's concurs with the
the event industry's own view that
Secondly, the larger players in the
already sector would likely break
degree of even during the first year
nation Oust following a mild
present). devaluation (in the region
future of 10-15%).
S dollars Worst Case Scenario -
relatively However, there would still
lly as state be significant risks- in the
are made event of a devaluation on
unds, thus the scale seen in Turkey, if
that the unaccompanied by some
ency will form of debt restructuring
y at least or internationallybacked
economy. fiscal reform package. In
observed this case, interest rates
nks which could rise sharply, and
rates Satel would expect the


of poverty reduction
measures and a
* substantial increase in the
pensions to retired civil
servants and the armed
forces. If the measures are
indeed introduced, and we
believe there is enough
domestic political
pressure to necessitate


this,
spending
sharply


government
is likely\ to be
higher than


JOD2.4bn. Coupled with
this, a depressed export


banks to suffer from the
maturity mismatch
between LBP deposits,
which average one to three
months,. and Treasury
paper holdings, with
average maturities of one
year. This would leave a
significant period during
which depositors may
begin claiming interest at
higher rates, while the
banks still earned the same
dividend on their
investments. Given this,
Satel believes that a 100%
devaluation could drive
the banking sector into the
red in the year following a
devaluation, and knock
out some of the smaller
players. Should this occur,
mergers among the top 10
institutions could not be
ruled out with ongoing
talks between two of the
largest institutions,
Banque Libano-Francaise
and Saradar Bank, already
setting the tone.


market due to the global'
(continued on page 14)


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

MARYLAND


Jordan
(continued from page 13)
slowdown is likely to
mean lower revenues in
2002 than the government


Algeria
(continued from page 1)
official said yesterday.
Antar Zouabri, leader of
the Armed Islamic Group,

Hajj Voter Drive
(continued from page 1)
Adha* (eed-al-ODD-ha),
the holiday at the end of
the annual Hajj, or
pilgrimage to Mecca.
(More than 20,000 people
turned out for last year's
prayers and festival, Some
10,000 American Muslims
took part in this year's
pilgrimage.)
The voter drive is part of
a nationwide campaign by
the Council on American-
Islamic Relations (CAIR)


Sofield
(continued from page 1)
American-Arab Anti-
Discrimination Committee
will host a luncheon
reception to honor four
Muslim and Arab
American members of the
New York City Police
Department who were


is currently predicting. In
BMI's view a drop in
export activity is the main
constraint facing the
economy in 2002,


and two other insurgents
were killed Friday after
security forces threw
grenades into the home of
one of the men, a military
and other Islamic advocacy
groups to register 100,000
Muslim voters before the
November elections.
Similar registration efforts
will take place at Eid ul-
Adha festivals in
California., Ohio,
Missouri, and other areas
of the country.
At Friday's event,
CAIR will distribute its
"American Muslim Voter
Registration Guide"
containing an explanation
of why Muslims should


heroic participants in the
rescue operation at the
World Trade Center on
9/11. The officers, Adil
Almontaser, Ahmed
Nasser, Rafet Awad, and
Faisal Khan, were on duty
when the attacks occurred
and rushed immediately to

(continued on page 15)


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particularly as the
government will receive
less revenue from
customs duties due to
commitments made to


official said.
Maj. Gen. Brahim
Cherif-Fodil said the
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of Zouabri was identified
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*-Eid ul-Adha, or the


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through fingerprint
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currently in government
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"feast of sacrifice,"
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willingness to sacrifice his
son Ishmael at God's
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prayers, small gifts for
children. distribution of
meat to the needy and
social gatherings. During
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March 2002


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR

TENNESSEE


Sofield
(continued from page 14)
the World Trade Center to
help victims to safety. They


spent the next several days
working non-stop in the
rescue efforts.
The event is being held


at the Hotel Washington in
Washington, D.C., and will
be attended by members of
the Muslim American


community and various
Muslim organizations, as
well as by various
government officials.


St. Jude's GMP
(continued from page 14)
will make it less
dependent on
pharmaceutical
companies for biological
products.
The state-of-the-art
Good Manufacturing
Practices facility will
allow St. Jude to produce
vaccines and other
biological products that
will help cure diseases
and save the lives of
children around the world.
Inside the $38.6
million structure, St. Jude
staff members will
manufacture products
such as vaccines, gene
therapy vectors and
therapeutic proteins.


Ashcroft
(continued from page 1)
syndicated columnist an-d
radio personality who
reported the quote insists


Work on the AIDS
vaccine that is already
under development will
take place in the new
building as well.

Before biological
products can be used on
patients, they must pass
through an extensive
series of tests and
approvals. With its
specialized capabilities,
the GMP facility will
allow St. Jude to develop
more products in
accordance with the
federal government's
Good Manufacturing
Practices regulations.
"Having access to a
GMP facility is a unique
and extremely valuable


resource for our
laboratory researchers,"
said Elaine Tuomanen,
MD, chair of the St. Jude
Infectious Diseases
department. "With this
capability we take a very
big step from the bench to
the patient and assure our
mission to translate ideas
into real medicines."

At the ground
breaking, Patricia
Donahoe, Director of
Pediatric Surgery at
Massachusetts General
Hospital and chair of the
St. Jude Scientific
Advisory Board, said that
the GMP facility will be
of "unestimated value to
the children of


that he accurately has been responding to
reported what he heard media queries regarding
and had checked with the actions requested -in a
Attorney General. Jim letter to President Bush
Zogby, President of AAI,


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St. Jude and a model
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"This is another step in
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Moses, chair of the St.
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"As we break ground, we
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last week requesting an
unambiguous clarification
of the letter, "It's ironic to
(continued on page 16)


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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

ALABAMA/MISSISSIPPI


Ashcroft
(continued from page 15)
have two leaders of the
Christian right in a
standoff about Islam", he
remarked, "The reported
statement strikes at the
basic concept of religious
tolerance enshrined in our

Vineyards
(continued from page 1)
eastern shores of the
Mediterranean produced
the wine with the finest
bouquet: "They shall
flourish as a garden. They
shall blossom as the vine.
Their fragrance shall be
like the wine of
Lebanon," was part of his
prophecy for the Jewish
people.
Today in Beirut,
Lebanon's capital, it is
evident that the country is
trying to reclaim its


Bill of Rights." In another
effort to make foreign
policy statements through
local legislation, Florida
is considering HB655 to
ban financial aid to
students from countries
on the Department of
State list of sponsors of
terrorism, The bill's
ancient prosperity. The
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mountains from Beirut, a
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comes from Rep, Dick
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something to take back to
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history of viticulture. At
Baalbek, on the eastern
slopes, stands a colossal
Roman sanctuary, and
within it, a beautiful
temple to the wine god


terrorism." Kravitz did
not produce any evidence
for his claims and chose
to ignore the argument
that if American values
truly are worthy of
imitating, then we should
be engaging rather than
distancing ourselves from
these students.
Bacchus, completed in
150 A.D. Its festoons of
delicately carved vine
leaves are proof in stone
of the wealth that wine
brought to ancient
Lebanon.
When the civil war
ended, roughly a decade
ago, there were only three
Lebanese wineries worth
mentioning: Chateau
Ksara, the oldest, founded
(continued on page 17)


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Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

HOUSTON, TX


Vineyards years, vineyard acreage
(continued from page 16) has increased from around
by Jesuits in 1857; 1,500 to 3,000 acres, and
Chateau Musar, the best total production has more
known and a highly than doubled, with an
successful export business estimated 4 million
during the war years; and bottles produced annually
Chateau Kefraya, which by at least 10 serious
produced its first vintage wineries. A little less than
just as the fighting broke half of Lebanon's wine
out. production is exported,
Today, with and the country's wine
determination and industry is growing 5
ingenuity, winemaking in percent to 10 percent each
Lebanon is being year.
revitalized. In the past 10 Still, there are echoes

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Best Wishes To Our Many
Syrian and Lebanese, Friends and Customers





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of war. The main road
over the mountains to the
Bekaa is punctuated by a
series of military
roadblocks. Whether
flying the cedar tree flag
of Lebanon, the green-
starred black, white and
red stripes of Syria or the
Kalashnikov-clenching
fist of Hezbollah, the
Islamic Party of God, the
soldiers manning each
checkpoint will wave
passing civilian traffic
through. But each army is


wary of the others and is
on alert for Israeli jets
from the south-all part of
the continuing regional
conflict.
Another foreign power
has left its mark on the
wine trade. French
influence is apparent in
the most commonly
planted varieties:
Cinsault, Carignane,
Cabernet Sauvignon,
Grenache, Syrah, Merlot
and Mourvedre. Almost
(continued on page 18)


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Vineyards
(continued from page 17)
all the old, indigenous
varieties have
disappeared. Only
Chateau Musar whites
still use the local Obaideh
and Merwah grapes. Red
wines make up about 70
percent of overall
production, but the market
for whites is growing
steadily both at home and
overseas.
There is an astonishing
amount of variation in
methods and styles of
wine, making. Most
Lebanese wineries today
are producing both
traditional and modern
wines. High-tech
solutions are in.
creasingly common, but
just as they were in
Hosea's day, conditions
remain ideal for the vine.
The Bekaa Valley,
really a high plain
suspended between two
mountain chains, offers
sheltered slopes, excellent
soils and year-round
sunshine. Despite the
vineyards' altitude (3,000
feet or higher), there's
rarely any rain during the
long summer months, so
vines flourish with very
little threat from blight.
The best wineries avoid
irrigation. All grape
harvesting in Lebanon is


done by hand.
By tapping into this
rich inheritance, 35-year-
old Sami Ghosn has
turned loss into gain to
create a new estate,
Tanail, and a range of
wines, called Massaya,
from scratch.
At the end of the civil
war, Ghosn was among
the first to establish a new
winery in the valley.
Following a close shave
with a car bomb in the
early 1980s, he left
Lebanon to practice
architecture in
Dallas. He returned
home just before the end
of the war, and found that
his family farm in the
Bekaa had been occupied
by a bedouin tribe.
"I came back and felt
my roots, so I realized I
had to do something.
Wine is part of our history
here, and so I wanted to
help continue it," Ghosn
asserts.
Ghosn spent four years
sleeping in a simple
wooden cabin with a
Kalashnikov rifle beside
him before he finally
convinced the bedouins to
leave. During that time,
he replaced existing
indigenous table grapes
with noble varieties.
Securing financing was
another challenge. "It
costs a huge amount to get


any business off the
ground in Lebanon,"
Ghosn explains. "Interest
rates are high, and
investors are nervous
because of the regional
situation." In the end, his
father sold some prime
real estate on the coast in
order to invest in the
impoverished, conflict-
ridden area. "People
thought we were mad. No
one was interested in the
Bekaa a few years ago."
Ghosn succeeded in
convincing three top
French wine producers
from Bordeaux and the
Rhone to enter into a full-
fledged winemaking
partnership. "It wasn't for
their names, but their
seriousness and


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(continued on page 19)


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Vineyards
(continued from page 18)
Brunier
of Domaine du Vieux
T6legraphe-have helped
sell to first-time buyers.
But more important is the
practical expertise they
bring to one of the world's
oldest wineproducing
regions.
Says Bouard de
Laforest: "Here in
Lebanon, wine isn't just
something you drink. It's
a whole history and
culture of wine. Our aim
is to respect that tradition
and share our knowledge.
We are here because we
want to make new
Lebanese wine, not
French wine."
The Massaya Reserve


Rouge 1999 is a blend of
Cabernet Sauvignon and
Mourvedre, the latter a
grape commonly found in
the Rhone. The result,
aged in new French oak,
reflects the unusual
partnership of
winemakers from rival
French regions. The state-
of-the-art winery
produces 25,000 cases a
year, well above the 5,000
cases of the first vintage
in 1997. "Our aim is to
keep production under
40,000 cases a year and to
focus on quality," adds
Bouard de Laforest.
Tanail is one of a
growing cluster of estates
located in the vicinity of
Zahle, a predominantly
Greek Catholic town


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close to Lebanon's eastern
border with Syria.
Nearby, another
newcomer is doing well
also. Officially launched
only two years ago,
Domaine Wardy whites-in
particular the Perle du
Chateau (a white blend of
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As founder-producer
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out, this is all the more an
achievement in what is
traditionally a red-wine
country. "Until very


recently, some people
didn't believe there was
such a thing as white wine
[in this region]," he adds.
Wardy moved into
wine from a family
business based on arak, a
traditional Middle Eastern
spirit made from distilled
grapes and flavored with
aniseed. He had always
dreamed of making wine.
"I'd visited a lot of
vineyards on my travels
abroad and realized what
could be done here in
Lebanon."
His main goal over the
next two years is to
achieve organic
certification. "Given our
(continued on page 20)


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

LAS VEGAS, Nv


Vineyards
-(continued from page 19)
excellent soils and
microclimate, we don't
need to use pesticides and
chemical treatments on
our vines. So why not
make sure our customers
know?"
The Zahle area is also
home to Chateau Nakad.
Run by four brothers, it's
an old-fashioned winery
that has recently
undergone radical
updating.
In the original winery
beside the Nakad family
house, wine is still stored
in traditional underground
tanks some 50 years old.
But now there are also
shiny new stainless steel
vats standing in what used
to be the garden.
The eldest brother,
winemaker Salim Nakad,


is a romantic who woos
his wines with music, and
dreams up names such as
"My Beloved Lady" and
"My First Kiss." "I adore
my wines like I love my
wife,"
Salim's three younger
brothers are busy finding
grape sources and
marketing the product,
exporting especially to
Lebanese restaurants in
the United Kingdom,
France, Germany and
Scandinavia.
Farther east along the
main BeirutDamascus
highway stands an old
monastery. Carved in
stone above the old
wooden door are a plow
and two wheat sheaves
with a vine in the middle)
encircled by the Jesuit
motto "Between the cross
and labor."


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that Jesuit priests revived
winemaking in Lebanon.
They uncovered a 2-mile,
long network of
underground tunnels, built
during the Roman period
around 2,000 years ago
for storing wine, and
restored them to their
original function.
Today, the Jesuit
tradition of hard work
continues. The present
export manager, Elie
Maamari, once planted
125,000 new vines in less
than a year (on top of
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(continued on page 21)


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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

ARIZONA


Vineyards
(continued from page 20)
Ksara is now
producing the largest
range of wines in
Lebanon-13 in all-under
the watchful eye of
Frenchman James Palge,
who worked for Chateau
Prieur6-Lichine, in
Margaux, before coming
to Lebanon. He has also
worked in Spain and
Australia. Among his
most successful wines are
La Reserve du Couvent (a
blend of Cabernet
Sauvignon with some
Syrah and Cabernet
Franc), a Cabernet
Sauvignon, a Chardonnay
and two ros6s. Total
production is 1.6 million
bottles.
From Zahle, it's about
a half-hour drive south to
the Kefraya village area,
close to the Israeli border.
This is prime vineyard
land, and many different
estates own vineyards
there. It's home to
Chateau Kefraya, perched
on a tell, a small hill
formed by the debris of
ancient human settlement.
Owner Michel de Bustros
harvested his first vintage,
1979, under gunfire.
Later, his vineyards were
occupied by Israeli troops
facing Syrian troops on
the mountain ridges
above.


Against the odds, he
kept going and is now
producing some of the
most highly reputed wines
in Lebanon, in particular
the Comte de M, a blend
of Cabernet Sauvignon,
Syrah and Mourvedre
aged in new French oak.
Bustros sees export as
increasingly important.
"Instability means we
can't rely on local
markets. So we have to
look abroad and make
sure more people know
about our wines."
One person who knows
all about the export
market is Serge Hochar,
the charismatic owner of
Chateau Musar. Hochar
trucks Bekaa grapes
through the army
checkpoints and over the
mountains to his winery
in Ghazir, a small
Maronite village perched
high above the sparkling
Mediterranean north of
Beirut.
Hochar, 62, inherited
his father's winery in the
1950s. He has since done
more than anyone to put
Lebanese wines on the
map. Before the civil war,
3 percent of his wines
were sold abroad. Today,
97 percent are shipped
abroad mainly to the
United States and the
United Kingdom.
Hochar's wines have


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developed a loyal
following for their
distinctive character. "I
make wines on the.edge,"
asserts Hochar. His
methods often go against
conventional winemaking
wisdom; for example, he
allows higher levels of
volatile acidity than most
contemporary
winemakers do. For his
reds, he blends only after
the individual varieties
have spent three years in
barrel; following an
additional three or four
years of matura tion, they
are released for sale.
Until recently,
Lebanese winemakers
were operating in a
vacuum, with no laws or
controls governing the
industry. An old French
wine law was suspended
during the war years and
never reinstated. But hew
legislation was passed last
year, and Hochar is
president:of the, recently
established Union
Viticole Libanese, an
independent body set up
by producers. A national
Institute of Wine, due to
open in- 2003, will set
standards, develop an


appellation system and
help promote exports.
Hochar was once the
lone representative of
Lebanese wine. He recalls
how one major European
importer once remarked,
"I didn't know Lebanon
produced wine. And, um,.
can anyone tell me where
Lebanon is?"
With the recent growth
of vineyards and wineries,
wine lovers may soon be
discovering Lebanese
bottlings in wine stores and
on restaurant wine lists.
Lebanon is a small country
still caught in the crossfire
of regional politics, but it is
finally on its way to
becoming a modern wine
region, and perhaps
fulfilling the legacy
proclaimed by Hosea so
many centuries ago.


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ge'22 THE SYRiKN-LEBANEgE STAR" March'2 W2

COLORADO


Lieberman
(continued from page 1)
Poverty and isolation that
terrorists exploit. If we do
not help Islamic nations
affirmatively choose the
path of progress and
peaceful coexistence....
the conditions... will
spawn many more and
even more worse
threats..." Lieberman
supports greater dialogue


Delta Apologizes
,continued from page 1)
December 18 incident. In
his letter to Sarsour, Reid
stated: "We regret and
apologize for the
embarrassmentt and
discomfort you
.-xperienced. Be assured
that we take this matter


with Muslim
governments, and
criticizes the Palestinian
leadership, "We must ...
demand that the
Palestinian Authority end
its tolerance for, and in
some cases, sponsorship
of terrorism, or our
relations with the
Authority will also sadly
end." On Iraq, he repeated
the common refrain that
"...this war against


very seriously." He
quoted Delta's Code of
Ethics and Business
Conduct that states:
"...discrimination is not
only illegal, it is wrong
and will not be tolerated."
The apology had been
requested by the Council
on American-Islamic


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terrorism will not be over
until Saddam Hussein is
removed from power in
Iraq." Despite his calls for
greater dialogue, he mis-
identified "jihad" as "the
virtue-less cycle of
violence and repression
and revenge", and did not
address how US foreign
policy could be an
impediment in promoting
U.S. values abroad. On
ending the Palestinian


Relations (CAIR), a
Washingtonbased Islamic
advocacy group. CAIR
said the forced removal of
a Muslim woman's scarf
called hijab, amounted to
a public "strip search."


conflict, he said that "the
most we can hope for is an
end to the immediate
cycle of violence and
hopefully a return,
according to the Mitchell
plan, to negotiations
between both sides. And
I'll do anything I can to
help make that happen."
He promised more details
in forthcoming speeches,
and they will be eagerly
awaited.


3, 33


"We appreciate Mr.
Reid's personal
intervention in this case.
The safety of the traveling
public, is of paramount
concern to all Americans.
(continued on page 23)


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Page 23 --- THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR' March 2062

COLORADO/UTAH


Delta Apologizes
(continued from page 22)
This unfortunate incident
demonstrates that religious
rights need not be sacrificed
in the ongoing search for
passenger security," said
CAIR Civil Rights
Coordinator Hodan Hassan.
Hassan said that the
security inspection could
have taken place in private
with a female guard.


Jacksonville News
(continued from page 2)
ground on a 30,000-
square-foot neighborhood
strip center on county
Road 210. That project
.includes "mom and pop"
tenants such as dry
cleaners, a liquor store, a
beauty shop and pizza
store, he said.
From St. Johns County,
we head to Regency
where Sleiman is building
a shopping center next to
Lowe's. He has 30 acres
under contract where he
plans. to build a 300,000"-
square-foot shopping
center. He wouldn't name
the anchor tenant, but it's
apparently a big user


Sarsour told CAIR that
after she went through a
security checkpoint on her
way to a flight, a guard
shouted, "Hey you need to
take that off, referring to
her headscarf. She
responded by asking,
"Why do I have.to take off
my head cover?" Sarsour
was then surrounded by
military personnel in
camouflage uniform with


who's already in the
market. He expects that
deal to close in about six
months.
The St. Johns Bluff
community is another
area of expansion for
Sleiman. He plans to add
100,000 square feet next
door to the 250,000-
square-foot St. Johns
Village center at St. Johns
Bluff Road and Beach
Boulevard. .
And did we tell you his
South Beach Parkway
center also is getting
-bigger? Sleiman will add
20,000 square feet to, the
Jacksonville Beach
center, anchored by
Target.


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combat rifles. She became
terrified and removed her
headscarf immediately.
CAIR's civil rights
department has received
more than 170 reports of
airport profiling of
Muslims or those who are
perceived to be "Middle
Eastern" since the
terrorist attacks of
September 11.
A Muslim Secret


Surprisingly, Sleiman
is adopting a wait-and-see
approach to the Eagle
Harbor region. He already
has built several retail
projects there including
Home Depot and
Walgreen's and has seven
outparcels for sale at the
intersection of U.S.
Highway 17 and county
Road 220. All seven of the
sites are under contract,
he said.
"You need to get a few
more people out there
before you do any more,"
Sleiman said of the Eagle
Harbor, Fleming Island


Service agent was
recently removed from a
flight at BWI because of
what he says was racial
and religious profiling.
On Wednesday, a Muslim
woman from Ohio filed'
suit over a strip search at
Chicago's O'Hare
International Airport that
she says was prompted by
her religion and ethnicity.


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married at 4:30 tpm.
yesterday in Immaculate
(continued on page 24)


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Page 24 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Jacksonville News
continued from page 23)
Conception Catholic
Church.
The bride, daughter of
Maysoon and Jack Ossi,
graduated from Mercer
University (Pharm. D.
degree) and is employed
by Publix as a pharmacist/
assistant pharmacy
manager
The bridegroom, son of
Pauline Miller-Hopewell,
-WVorld Golf Village
(continued from page 2)
opening in the spring of
1998, including Shell'
Wonderful World of Golf
and is home to the Liberty
Mutual Legends of Golf, a


Leicester, England, and
the late Thaddeus Miller,
is employed by ZC
Sterling as manager of
client support.
Heather Ossi and Amy
Ossi were the maids of
honor, and Ronnie
McDonald and Joe
Sissine were the best men.
Following a trip to St.
Lucia, the couple will live
in Jacksonville.


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she had lived in
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World Golf Village
(continued from page 24)
The King and The Beer
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Holy Trinity
(continued from page 3)
is one God; thou doest
well: the devils also
believe, and tremble.
This is the reason our
gospel is hid to hem that
are lost and they die the
second death and they
blame God why they went
to hell; Secondly some
religions like the Muslims
and the Hindus and others
think that we worship
three Gods, and they
refuse ignorantly to
discuss this mystery and
thus "condemning
themselves to death and
eternal suffering, but
Qhristiiaty..i s,. "Chrisit h s
in-you the hope the of


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glory"
If I ask you to explain
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would be is that 'Nobody
knows" yet we are using
it, take the water for
instance can be Ice and
vapor and still is water
three in one and we can
not explain it. As
Christians, we believe in
one Almighty God, who
created this universe, and
created man by his word
in His own image to have
a family and to have
fellowship with him.
Listen please, If our
God had another God then
he is not Almighty, and if
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but all things are naked
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of him with whom we
have to do.
We believe in one God,
and He is the boss of this
universe, and no one can
(continued on page 26)


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Page 26 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Holy Trinity
continued from page 25)
tell Him what to do, the
question can he come to
his earth to his property to
visit His creation his
family? Can He or not?


Maronite Church
(continued from page 3)
an intellectual
communication, but a
process engaging God in a
sort of progressive
Incarnation.
In the Antiochene view
man is the bond uniting
and containing spiritual
and material creation.
The Syriac notion of
the Sacraments as
Mysteries indicates a
different worldview and a
different form of
causality. "Mysteries"
manifest realities in space
and time.
Maronite
Spirituality
Theology arises out of
faith. First believed, then
lived.
Maronite spirituality


Yes, he came in the form
of man, Jesus he walked
and spoke to Adam and
eve in the Garden of
Eden; He spoke to
Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob, and with Moses as


expresses faith by
prayerful reflection on the
sacred mysteries and the
personal commitment to
the Lord, illumined by the
Holy Spirit. The writings
of the Eastern Fathers of
the Church read like
pastoral and homilectic
commentaries rather than
technical discussions of
theological subjects.
The Old Testament
concept of the mystery of
God sets the perspective
of awe and worship,
recognizes the Lord as
Creator-Father, and
professes the
unworthiness of the
creature before the Source
of his being.
God does not remain
hidden. He is the "Lover
of Mankind." The Father
reveals Himself and visits


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He spoke to him forty
days and nights.
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Savior Jesus Christ, who
gives eternal life. Your
sins will be forgiven. Pray


His people in mercy
through His Word, Jesus
Christ.
The Christian is a
pilgrim on the way to
heaven, and awaits the
Lord's return in glory.
Devotion to the Blessed
Sacrament,. and to- the
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emphasis. Importance is
given to the monastic
spirit of austerity, of
suffering and martyrdom.
Stress is placed on the
spirit of metanoia, a total
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of Christ.
Special prominence is
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this prayer now: Lord
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sinner. Forgive my sins,
enter my heart and change
my life. I trust you. Thank
you for saving my soul.


Lebanon," the example of
the way of salvation,
second only to her Son.
Maronite Liturgy
The Service of the
Mysteries is considered
the best expression of
Maronite theology and
spirituality, and the most
effective tool for
catechesis.
The two central themes
are: 1) Man's creation in
the image of God, with
the potential, through the
power of the Spirit, to
grow progressively in His
likeness; 2) the deep
consciousness of God's
loving kindness arid of
man's sinful condition.
(continued on page 27)


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Page 27 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Maronite Church
(continued from page 26)
The Divine Service of
the Mysteries is the
meeting -point with the
Lord, Who by his life-
giving Spirit, lights our
darkness, guides our way,
teaches us truth, gives us
life, and transforms our
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Holy Quran
(continued from page 3)
(4:129)
The Muslims are
enjoined to live amicably
and avoid disagreements
Because living in
peace' is in their own
interest in all respects.
(Eng. Com. No.594
Vol. 2 P.568 As such the
Muslims should avoid to
inflict pain on others. And
live in peace and harmony
together. 'Peace' in one


praise.
The Maronite Liturgy
belongs to the Syro-
Antiochene family, which
is the Syriac version of
the Liturgy of St. James.
Like the other Syrian
Eucharistic liturgies, the
two main divisions are
pre-anaphoral liturgy and
an anaphoral liturgy. The
words of consecration are
pronounced in Syriac,
which is based on
Aramaic, the language
spoken by Jesus and the
oldest liturgical language.
Any vernacular language
may be used. Arabic is
most common.
The Service of the
Word is styled after the
Divine Office.


place Will breed 'peace' at
another place And
eventually, 'peace' every
where on earth. Further:
And if they incline
towards peace incline
thou to\ yards it and put
t -Trust in Allah. Surely
it is He Who is
AllHearing All-
Knowing."
(Holy Quran 8:62.)
The Verse 8:62
incorporates an important
(continued on page 28)


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Page 28 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002 -

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Holy Quran
,continued from page 27)
principle to live amicably
in every day life. That is
'turn to peace', if the
other side is inclined
towards peace. A Muslim


St. Jude 40th
(continued from page 4)
thousands of children
suffering from cancer,
pediatric AIDS and genetic
diseases.
Thomas knew the
,importance of hope. He
turned to St. Jude
Thaddeus, the patron saint
of hopeless causes, looking
for it. He asked the saint to
show him his place in life
and promised to build a
shrine in St. Jude's name.
"He used to. say that
when he made that vow, he
was thinking more along
the lines of putting a statue
in the Catholic church,"
Says Paul Parham, former
director of
Communications at
ALSAC, the hospital's
fund-raising arm, and a


should always be ready to
enter into a contract of
peace if the other side is
inclined to do so. There is
no merit in disagreements
and fighting. All in all the
Muslims should always


good friend of Thomas'.
But the shrine became
more. It became one of the
greatest legacies ever left
and a haven of hope for
children facing
catastrophic illnesses.
At the dedication
ceremony Feb. 6, 1962,
Thomas told the crowd of
staff and supporters from
around the country, "A
dream is one thing. A
realization is something
entirely separate. I publicly
thank you, wherever you
may be, for the support of
this dream. It took a rabble-
rousing, hook-nosed
comedian to get your
attention, but it took your
hearts, loving minds and
generous souls to make it
come true. If I were to die
this minute, I would know


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be looking for bringing
peace to their own lives ,
as well as establishing
peace on earth. The Verse
8:62 signifies that the
Muslims should always
be ready for a good fight


why I was born."
And when the doors
opened, St. Jude set its
sights on diseases such as
acute lymphoblastic
leukemia, which many in
the medical field believed
incurable.
Pat Patchell, now 49,
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Jude in redefining the term
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responded quickly
treatments. He was one of
the first five patients who
was taken off medication
after a long-term remission


to establish 'peace', if the
other side expresses
willingness to do so. It
should be a joyful duty to
establish the 'reign of
peace on this earth.'


at a time when cancer
patients received treatment
indefinitely.
"That was. a pretty
radical idea at the time,"
Patchell says.
"I'm just so glad they
had the nerve to do it. It
gave me a lot of freedom. "
Today, thanks to the
research of St. Jude that
Patchell helped pioneer, 80
percent of the children with
ALL will survive. When
Patchell's cancer was
discovered, only 4 percent
lived.
Now a Memphis
(continued on page 29)


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Page 29 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR ----Marchfi 2002 -

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


St. Jude 40th
(continued from page 28)
accountant, Patchell says
he still gets tongue-tied
when he tries expressing
his feelings about what St.
Jude has meant to him.
"How can you express
enough thanks, when you
were in dire straights and
they saved you? It really is
the greatest place."
Like everything else, St.
Jude has endured many
changes through the years.
Civil Rights
(continued from page 4)
American civil rights. The
first resolution referred to
official law enforcement
profiling and
discrimination against
Arab Americans and
American Muslims. The
DNC stated-"the war on
terrorism can be waged,
and our homeland security


New buildings have been
added to the campus so
more research could be
conducted and more
children helped. The
original starshaped
building, "the star of
hope," as Thomas called it,
was demolished and
replaced with a new state
of the art facility. But what
has remained the same is
the dream of Danny
Thomas.
Despite the entertainer's


defended, without
trampling on the personal
freedoms of Arab
Americans, Muslim
Americans and any other
American community."
The DNC also resolved to
"celebrate American
diversity and strongly
urged] immediate action
on federal legislation that
addresses hate crimes and


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death in 199 1, just two
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hospital's 29th anniversary,
his dream continues to
thrive in St. Jude patients,
employees, volunteers and
donors.
Bobbie Fisher, who
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Services and has been with
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"When I first came to work
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children were doomed. I'm
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children are living; they are
going to college; they're
getting married; they're
having families."
And as St. Jude
continues to expand its
research into cancer and
other areas, its focus
remains as simple as it was
in 1962 when Thomas said,
"To me, it is simply
unacceptable that a child
should die in the dawn of
life."


(continued on page 30)


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Page 30 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2002"

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA


Civil Rights
(continued from page 29)
Outlining the DNC's
position on immigration,
the Executive Committee
passed "The Party's
Principles on Immigration
Policy" noting that "the
pursuit of those
responsible for the brutal
attacks of September I I
must not be used as an
excuse to harass or
intimidate innocent
immigrants. The
"Resolution also states that
"the United States of
America is a nation of
immigrants, a multiracial


Sudan's Oil
(continued from page 5)
hold massive investments.
"What is the difference
between Sudan and Angola or
Colombia?" Asked one
Chinese oil engineer working
in Sudan. "The Americans are
there (Angola and Colombia),
syet they don't want us in
Sudan."


melting pot that derives
its strength from the
talents of people who
have come from all
comers of the globe."
Finally, the DNC
encouraged its members
to support civil liberties
and protect the freedoms
of the Constitution.
"Democratic Party elected
officials at local, state and
national levels are not to
be intimidated by public
support for extreme
measures, and to speak
out continuously and
fearlessly to protect our
Constitutionally


By the end of 2001 firms
from China, Malaysia and
Indonesia, ag well as Qatar and
the UAE were the most
numerous foreign investors in
Sudan. And more Middle-
Eastern money could be on the
way, following a tour by a
Kuwait delegation.
Meanwhile, Indian and
Japanese firms are interested


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others of as suspect
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In addition to
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Zogby addressed national
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Zogby's presentation
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build ethnic coalitions and


in the stake Canada's
embattled Talisman Energy
has suggested it might sell.
The high oil production
figures recorded by Sudan
have attracted world attention.
In August 2001 OPEC
responded by granting the
country observer status in the


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or country of origin.
During this sensitive time,
when some have been
targeted for defending
civil liberties and basic
American ideals, it is
more important than ever
that our political
institutions speak out in
support of our freedoms
and of American
democracy," said Zogby.


organisation.
Sudan's Minister for
Energy and Mining, Awadh
Ahmed Al Jaz, predicts his
country's
production will double
from the current 220,000
(continued on page 31)


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Page 31 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR -- '. ....... ailrdi 2002' '

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA


Sudan's Oil
(continued from page 30)
barrels a day (b/d) to 450,000
b/d by 2005. Most of the
increase will come from the
wells owned by the
international consortium,
Great Nile Petroleum
Operating Company
(GNPOC), whose leading
lights are Talisman and its
Chinese and Malaysian
partners. "Our goal is to be
one of biggest oil exporters in
the world," he said.
"The rate (of pumping) is
much higher than expected... it
seems to me the reserves are
impressive," adds Al Jaz.
Impressive they certainly
are and China, the world's
second largest energy
consumer after the US, has
said it "intends to make Sudan
the centrepiece of its
ambitious foreign oil dreams."
Through its national oil
utility, China National
Petroleum Corporation-
(CNPC), in Beijing has a 40
per cent share in the GNPOC
consortium. The GNPOC


agreement guarantees CNPC
between 900, 000- 1.2 million
barrels a month of the Nile
Blend crude. Chinese officials
have even announced their
intention to use Sudan as a
springboard to triple CNPC's
overseas oil production by the
year 2005, from the current
five million tonnes to 15
million.
This will be achieved
through the establishment of
two new oilfields in Sudan,
with a combined output of
180,000 barrels per day.
CNPC has acquired additional
stakes in new areas, Blocks 3
and 7, where its partners are
Qatar's Gulf Company and the
UAE's Al Thani Corporation.
The Qatar firm also holds a 46
per cent stake in a separate
block with unnamed Canadian
and European firms.
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as much oil as possible from
Sudan is an attempt to keep
pace with the country's
surging demand for fuel. Even
with its massive oil reserves,
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growing manufacturing sector
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importer of oil since 1993. The
country's daily oil production
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meet energy demand of 4.6
million b/d which is why far
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tonnes of crude oil and 16.27
billion cubic meters of natural-
gas last year. These figures,
said CNPC, are respectively
467,000 tonnes and 7,600
: million cubic meters higher
than projections. CNPC also
increased its proven oil
reserves by 403 million
tonnes, accounting for 104.3
per cent of the annual target.
Proven gas reserves recorded
91.83 billion cubic meters,
representing 235.3 percent of
its annual target.
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Malaysian counterpart,
Petronas Nasional Bhd ]has
been outspoken on the issue of
Sudan. Officials of Petronas,
which holds a 30 per cent stake
in GNPOC and has shares in
the Blocks 5A and .5B, have


brushed aside criticism over
their investment there. In June,
when the US House of
Representatives unanimously
passed the Sudan Peace Act,
which would have sanctioned
the de-listing from American
capital markets of all foreign
firms involved in Sudan,
Malaysian government
officials led by Deputy Prime
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Badawi, responded angrily and
called the proposed Act a
"bullying tactic". Malaysia,
Asia's number two oil producer
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the country exports 330,000
b/d. The latest US Energy
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reserves have declined by 0.4
billion barrels in the last five
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Since 1980
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In Illinois ( Outside Illinois
(773) 539-4500 1-800-613-0200
215 WetIvigPr Chiago Ilini 6061


BED at
BREAKFAST PW
1880's Railroad
Boarding House
Suite Kitchenettes Cottage
Hot Tub Family Oriented
2 Blocks from Historic
Downtown Salida
307 East First Street
Salida, CO 81201
1-888-228-1410
locally (719) 539-7104
Fax (719) 530-0491
www.ThomasHouse.com


TUTOR TIME
CHILDCARE LEARNING CENTER
Children Learn SorfLn Prefty,
Importat.ing s I
AtTutorT ne...
Like How pTo FutOdAbout-

Mention This d hen i lling
(512) 335-6553
_801Dallas Dr., Austin, TX 78729-
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GOD Made It! We Market It!
Work with top national earners.
THE INCOME IS ALMOST UNREAL
1-800-218-8203
MMRES

PLASTIC SURGERY
ASSOCIATES
Darrell, Henderson, M.D. Terry A. Cromwell, M.D.
Louis G. Mes, M.D. Russell C. Romero, DDS;, M.I5.
Board Certified Surgeons
Plastic &k Reconstructive Surgery
337-233-5025 800-950-9290
1101 S. College Rd. Lafayette, LA
24 Hour Answering Service





918-252-9999 918-599-7777
PRIVATE PARTY ROOM AVAILABLE
VISIT OUR WEBSITE: @ www. jasonsdeli.com



PRECIOUS PETS V
CEMETERY A/
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE *\i*
"CALL ANYTIME 24 HOURS" 'PICKUP AVAILABLE
All Major Credit Cards Accepted Member Qf IAPC
www.preciouspetscemetery.com
405-771-5510
5510 N. SPENCER RD. OKLAHOMA CITY, OK


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