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The Syrian Lebanese star ( February 1, 2002 )

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UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities LSTA SLAF
MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
February 1, 2002
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00002

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Syrian Lebanese star
Alternate title:
Syrian-Lebanese star
Alternate Title:
Star
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ;
Language:
English
Publisher:
A.M. Coplan
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
February 1, 2002
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Syrians -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Lebanese -- Newspapers -- United States   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates:
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1963.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 16, no. 9 (Sept. 1978).
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000579625
oclc - 05165391
notis - ADA7472
lccn - sn 79007351
issn - 0193-2578
System ID:
UF00028363:00002

Table of Contents
    Main
        page 1
        page 2
        page 3
        page 4
        page 5
        page 6
        page 7
        page 8
        page 9
        page 10
        page 11
    Central Florida
        page 12
    Florida's Gold Coast
        page 13
    Florida
        page 14
        page 15
    State
        page 16
    Georgia
        page 17
    South Carolina/North Carolina
        page 18
    North Carolina/South Carolina
        page 19
    Charlotte, NC
        page 20
    Virginia/North Carolina
        page 21
    Washington D.C./Virginia
        page 22
    Virginia
        page 23
    Maryland/Virginia
        page 24
    Maryland
        page 25
    Tennessee
        page 26
    Alabama/Mississippi/Tennessee
        page 27
    Alabama
        page 28
    Louisiana
        page 29
        page 30
    Houston/Dallas, Texas
        page 31
    Texas
        page 32
        page 33
    Oklahoma/Arizona
        page 34
    Colorado/Utah
        page 35
    Las Vegas, Nevada
        page 36
    Southern California
        page 37
        page 38
        page 39
        page 40
        page 41
    Northen California
        page 42
        page 43
    Recommended Businesses
        page 44
Full Text


L


SERVING AMERICANS OF ARABIC HERITAGE E(


Celebrating 39 Years of Service
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
ESTABLISHED IN 1963
www.syrianlebanesestar.com


FEB
PKYo
of Flo


CEIVED

1 3 2002
nge Library
rida History
XXXX #2 FEBRUARY 2002


Come to Corpus Christi
and Experience -


Conference Chairman and Hotel Staff. Left to right are:
Norma Hanna, Salah Diab, Mrs. Salah Diab, Jackie Ray,
Tammy Smith and Dr. Donald Hanna.


"Texas with a
Tropical Twist"
The Omni Marina
Hotel will be Conference
headquarters for the 2002
Mid-Winter Conference
of the Southern
Federation. The Hotel is
rated four stars and has


many amenities. You will
find several restaurants,
Jacuzzi's, two swimming
pools, racquetball court,
workout facilities, beauty
salon and much more.
The rates are great, just
$69 for single, double,
(continued on page 6)


Contributions of Syria and
Lebanon to Western Civilization


Written by Richard J. Karam
and Dr Michel Laham. This
lecture was presented at the
Annual Convention in
Houston this past July as
part of the Cultural
Committee's on going effort
to inform us and others of
the great impact our culture


has made to the world. This
is part one of a series.
Introduction
Back in the sixties, as a
senior in college, I took all
the required courses for a
(continued on page 6)


Charity Committee helps flood
victims in Houston!
,q d.' '_.. i. ..r; :J


Pictured are Charity Committee member Rose Zwan;
Foundation President Bill Frank; Robbie Blanton, Red
Cross; Ken Fincher, Red Cross; and Federation President
Sharon Benson.
At the Annual donation to the American
Convention in Houston, Red Cross to help the
this past July, the Charity flood victims in Houston
Committee of the following the devastation
Southern Federation caused by Tropical Storm
Foundation made the Allison, which hit
decision to make a (continued on page 8)


Morocco:
Prince moves
family to U.S.
RABAT A prince
who is second in line to
the Moroccan throne
packed up his family and
moved to the United
States yesterday, saying
he needed to put an end to
"an unhealthy tension" in
the royal family.
Prince Moulay
(continued on page 8)

Muslim
American
named Special
Envoy to
Afghanistan
President Bush this
week appointed Muslim
American Dr. Zalmay
Khalilzad as special
envoy to Afghanistan for
the United States. Mr.
Khalilzad currently
serves on the National
Security Council as
Special Assistant to the
President for Southwest
Asia, the Near East, and
(continued on page 9)


Tribute to
Muslim &
Arab American
Heroes
On Saturday, January
26th, 2002, the Islamic
Institute and the
American-Arab. Anti-
Discrimination
Committee will host a
luncheon reception to
honor four Muslim and
(continued on page 9)

Smith Attacks
Sununu over
Campaign
Fundraising,
Congressman John E.
Sununu (R-NH) faced
attacks from his opponent
in New Hampshire's
senate race concerning
his relationship with Arab
Americans and
fundraising efforts for his
campaign. Sununu is
facing incumbent Senator
Bob Smith (R-NH) in the
Republican primary.
Smith's campaign has
(continued on page 9)


Arab Drug Industry Challenged

,.,.... .r. .
e -R


For over 70 years, the
Arab pharmaceutical
industry has enjoyed a
protected market -
benefiting from both
government subsidies and
sanctions to deliver low-
cost medicines to the


general public. That is
about to be swept away,
due to changes in local
economies, and the
stringent patent
protections mandated
through Arab countries'
(continued on page 10)


A Message from the Thomas Family

~ I ;


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U


Tony Thomas, Crystal Bernard, and Berit and Michael
Francis, senior vice president, marketing, Target
Corporation at the 21st Annual Hollywood Gala in
California. The event raised $1.7 million for St. Jude.


Can it really be 21 years
since our parents started the
Hollywood Gala?
Impossible as it seems,
that's when mom and dad
first held this event to raise
money for St. Jude and to
tell their show business
friends about the wonderful
life-saving work going on


in Memphis. This year's
party was a high mark in
the history of the Gala, but
it was also a time tinged
with a sadness of change
the family couldn't
overlook. This was the first
Gala staged by the children
since the loss of both our
(continued on page 13)


Kandahar


When the Afghan
based film Kandahar
premiered at last year's
Cannes film festival, few
who saw it would have
predicted a commercial
success. Despite the
film's obvious brilliance,
most of those in the Cote
d'Azur audience last May
would have predicted the
work would be left to
languish on the art house
film circuit. But post-1l
September the production
has taken on a new
importance.
Following its general
release Kandahar has
become not only a critical
success but also a
commercial one. It is
currently topping the


Italian box office chart
and selling out cinema
houses in London.
While violence and
bloodshed engulfed areas

(continued on page 15)


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j Page 2 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002


Eways-Farah












Dr. Lisa A. Farah,
Jacksonville, and
Marwan Adel Eways,
San Francisco, were
married at 4 p.m. Dec. 30
in Immaculate
Conception Catholic
Church.
The bride, daughter of
Nadya F. Farah,
Jacksonville, and the late
Fuad A. Farah, graduated
as, valedictorian from
Sandalwood High
School, summa cum laude
from Jacksonville
University, where she was
president of Alpha Delta
Pi,Omicron Delta Kappa
and Green Key and a
"member of Phi Kappa
Phi, and from the
University of Florida.
College of Medicine. She
was a Rotary Scholar at
Oxford University and
completed a residency in
obstetrics and gynecology
at the University of


Florida Health Science
Center in Jacksonville
and a fellowship in
reproductive
endocrinology and
infertility at the
University of Alabama at
Birmingham. She is
employed by North
Florida Gynecologic
Specialists as a
reproductive
endocrinologist and will
continue her specialty
practice in San Francisco.
The bridegroom, son of
Nawal A. Eways, San
Francisco, and the late
Adel E. Eways, graduated
with California State
Federation life honors
from Riordan High
School and from the
University of California,
(continued on page 18)


Tennessee News


September 15, 2001
When my husband
Paul and I made plans to
attend newly elected
SFSLAC President
Sharon Benson's
Testimonial dinner in
Houston, Texas in
October, and to visit the
"National Symbolic
Garden" in Oklahoma
City where the Federal
building once stood, little
die we know that due to
the events of Tuesday
September 11, 2001 we
might at some future date
be visiting, a similar
memorial in New York
City.
We were in Oklahoma
City shortly after the
bombing and saw some of


the devastation. Now we
wanted to return to see the
beautiful memorial
dedicated to those
innocent people who lost
their lives in the bombing.
As the events unfolded
on the "Attack of
America" I was reminded
of Oklahoma City and felt
compelled to share my
thoughts and feelings
with my people who
know the meaning of war
and conflict and of
freedom in America, the
land of the brave.
Paul and I have visited
New York City many
times and have seen the
Twin Towers first hand.
We have walked the plaza
(continued on page 18)


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Page 3 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002


Vision Of The
Gentiles Who
Are To Be
Saved During
The Great
Tribulation
After this I beheld, and,
flo, a great multitude, which
ino man Gould number, of
lall nations, and kindreds,
land people, and tongues,
stood before the throne, and
before the Lamb, clothed
with white robes, and palms
in their hands; And cried
with a loud voice, saying,
Salvation to our God which
tsitteth upon the throne, and
unto the Lamb. And all the
angels stood round about
the throne, and about the
!elders and the four beasts,
and fell before the throne
on their faces, and
worshipped God, Saying,
Amen: Blessing, and glory,
and wisdom, and
thanksgiving, and honour,
and power, and might, be
unto our God for ever and
ever. Amen. And one of the
elders answered, saying
unto me, What are these
which are arrayed in white
robes? and whence came
they? And I said unto him,
Sir, thou knowest. And he


I )
-Dr^S^''

*'- ~..


Rev. Fred Massabni
said to me, These are they
which came out of great
tribulation, and have
washed their robes, and
made them white in the
blood of the Lamb.
Therefore are they before
the throne of God, and
serve him day and night in
his temple: and he that
sitteth on the throne shall
dwell among them. They
shall hunger no more,
neither thirst any more;
neither shall the sun light on
them, nor any heat. For the
Lamb which is in the midst
of the throne shall feed
them, and shall lead them
unto living fountains of
waters: and God shall wipe
away all tears from their
eyes. (Revelation 7:9-17)
Immediately after the
tribulation of those days
shall the sun be darkened,
and the moon shall not
give her light, and the stars
(continued on page 20)


Best wishes to our many
Syrian and Lebanese friends and patients



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Specializing in Urology



904-359-0841
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The Melkite
Icons
(Continued)
Most likely Melkite
artists learned the iconic
form from icons brought
to the Near East by
Byzantine Greek and
Russian patriarchs and
pilgrims, and from the
fine specimens painted by
Byzantine Greek artists
living in Syria, Lebanon,
and Palestine. Yet the
Melkite craftsmen knew
also the Cretan works of
the fourteenth and
seventeenth centuries. For
on a 1726 icon of St.
Michael the Archangel
done by Hanna al-Kudsi,
the eighteenth-century
artist included an
inscription explaining it
was based on an earlier
Cretan model.
Byzantine Melkite
icons, however, differ
from their Greek and
Russian counterparts
more in detail and

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Best Wishes To Our
Many Syrian &
Lebanese Friends &
Customers
Jack Wheeler
Home Repairs
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Windows
All Types of
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904.786.7023
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Jacksonville, FL


By Brother John
Samaha, S.M.
treatment of subjects than
in form. Distinguishing
the Melkite icon are the
characteristic style of
decoration, the faces and
bodies of the subjects, the
frequency of particular
themes, and Arabic
inscriptions.
In their early efforts
Melkite artists naturally'
looked to Byzantine
Greek models. As they
matured, they quickly
learned to express their
own tastes and feelings.
Although Byzantine
elements prevail in the
majority of early
paintings, markedly
Arabic characteristics are
present.
All the faces painted by
the Melkite artists not
just Near Eastern saints,
(continued on page 21)


IM


I J


A,'


FORGIVENESS
(7)-Final
Regarding Forgiveness
there are several Verses in
the Holy Quran that
'Altah Almighty is the
Most Forgiving. 'And the
Muslims assimilating the
Attributes of Allah should
overlook the faults of
others. And when in a
position, avoid
punishment but forgive,
then they will have their
reward with Allah.
Forgiveness however, is
for the reformation of the
men/women. If a guilty
person feels ashamed,
then the person deserves
forgiveness. Otherwise
should be punished
propotionate to the harm
done.
As of Holy Quran:
1. "Know that Allah is


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Barkatullah
severe in punishment
and that Allah is also
Most Forgiving,
Merciful." (5:99)
2. "Say if you love Allah
follow me: then Allah
will love you and for-
give your faults. And
Allah is Most
Forgiving, Merciful."
(3:32)
3. "Allah is
Compassionate and
Merciful to the peo-
ple." (2:144)
4. "Our Lord! Thou art
indeed Compassionate
(continued on page 21)





' ag THE SYIAuN'-LEBANESESTAR"' February 200', |


Louisiana News


SLAC Officers for 2001-2002; left, Louise Monju,
Treasurer; Alexa Hamauei, First Vice President; Joseph
Brocato, President; Chris Mickal, Second Vice President;
Janet Schwary, Recording Secretary; and Marian Ceasar,
Corresponding Secretary. Missing is George Andrews,
Sergeant at Arms.


Honored guests at SLAC Banquet September 29, 2001
Kamal Nassar, Federation Treasurer; Sharon Benson,
Federation President; Joseph Brocato, SLAC President;
and Mary Jo Mansour, Federation Vice President.


SLAC of New
Orleans Annual
Banquet
New Orleans The
Empire Room of Drago's
Restaurant on North
Amoult Street, Metairie,
Louisiana served as the
setting of the annual
.banquet of the Syrian
Lebanese American Club
of New Orleans, on
Saturday evening
September 29, 2001, with
63 members and guests in
attendance.
Arrangements of
lavender, purple and-
green flowers adorned the
tables, with a large candle
in the center, each of
which was lighted to form
an elegant atmosphere. A
delicious dinner was
served and thoroughly
enjoyed by all.
The club was indeed
privileged and honored to
(continued on page 22)-


Texas News


Student wins car
for grades of all A's!
Weatherford For a
few tense seconds, the car
did not start. But another
try and the 2002
Volkswagen Beetle
started. With that, Kari
Whiteman, a 15-year-old
Weatherford High School
sophomore from
Weatherford, Texas, won
the ATeam contest. The
contest, sponsored by the
Fort Worth Star Telegraph
and Hiley
Mazda/Volkswagen in
Arlington, Texas,
(continued on page 24)


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Best Wishes To Our Many
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IL a .,THE- SYRrAN-,LANEgs' S"~ ............ February-2902,jI


The Star is published once per month by A.M. Coplan. The Star is an independent
monthly serving Americans of Syrian and Lebanese heritage for over 35 years.
MEMBER ARAB-AMERICAN PRESS GUILD
The Syrian-Lebanese Star
Publisher and Editor...A. M. Coplan
For Advertising Information Write P.O.Box 5545
Jacksonville, Florida 32247 Phone (904) 737-6996
Postmaster-send change of address to the above address
Please send your letters, news stories, pictures and club activities to
The Editor's Desk.
4251 University Blvd. S., Suite 201, Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Subscription Rate: $15.00 per year

Scholarship Recipient


Jonathan
Kuhlmani
Mr. & Mrs. James
IKuhlman Hamra-Homra
Family Club, Tiptonville,
1N University of
Oklahoma Dr. F. H.
Johary Memorial
Scholarship


Natalie A. Lefoldt
Mr. & Mrs. Larry
Lefoldt Cedars' of
Lebanon, Jackson, MS
University of Mississippi
Cedars of Texoma
Scholarship, The St. Jude
on the Bay Scholarship &
Gift for Knowledge
Award


(continued on page 24)

M.J. SIMON
REALTOR APPRAISER
(904) 356-2489
432 East Monroe Street Jacksonville, FL


Guardian
Angels Flock
to First
Heavenly
Gathering
Well over 100 people
were in attendance at the
First Annual Heavenly
Gathering of the
Guardian Angels. This
(continued on page 25)


Head Table at Grand Banquet



President Nfichael Shikany and his wife Charlene
Vice President Sharon Benson and her escort Chad Dick
Board Chairman Fayes Thomas and his wife June.


Vt
Board Vice Chairman Pat Sconci and his wife Patsy.
Vice President elect Mazy Jo Mansour and her husband
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II Page 6 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR F~b Itia~r5~ 2002 7-~[.


I.


Corpus Christi
(continued from page 1)
triple or quad occupancy.
Your host, the Lebasyr
Heritage Society of
Corpus Christi, plans
many wonderful events.
Thursday night is a
Welcoming Hafli.
Friday's schedule
includes a Young Adults
Dance, a Singles Dance
and a cruise of Corpus
Christi Harbor. The night
is topped off with a
Cultural Presentation and
dinner followed by a
Sahria. Events planned
for Saturday are a City
Tour and a visit to the
Flea Market, a Fishing


Contest for kids ages 5 to.
15, a pizza party for kids
12 and under. The
evening is capped off with
the Grand Banquet and
President's Ball/ Sahria.
Corpus Christi has
many things for people to
see and do. Some of the
sites include the Texas
Treasure Casino Boat,
"The Blue Ghost" also
known as the USS
Lexington or spend the
day at the Padre Island
National Seashore.
. The Conference is
Valentine's weekend so
bring your sweetheart and
enjoy "Texas with a
Tropical Twist".


Laham Lecture
(continued from page 1)
pre-medical education but
I majored in history. So I
found myself taking some
high-powered courses and
seminars in history. One
seminar was in
paleography, the art of
deciphering ancient
writings and inscriptions.
Another was in
historiography, the study
of the theory and methods
of historical scholarship.
So it was during a
particularly animated
discussion in my
historiography seminar
that I was asked to specify
the contributions of Syria
and Lebanon to the course
of history and to the
advancement of mankind.


Greece, I was told,
contributed its art and
architecture, its great
philosophers, and
Euclidean geometry to
mankind. Italy contributed
the great painters and
sculptors of the
Renaissance and Galileo
who was the first to say
that the earth revolves
around the sun. France
gave us Cartesian logic on
which all Western
scientific and
philosophical thought rest
and the great thinkers of
the Age of Enlightenment.
England gave us Magna
Carta, Newtonian physics
and calculus. Germany etc.
Along the same lines, I
was asked: "Specify for us
the unique contributions of


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course of history and to the


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(continued on page 7))


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I Page 6






IlLPa~'7'' THE-S N~~~~SA February'2002'


Laham Lecture
(continued from page 6)
don't remember precisely
what I answered, but I
vaguely recall complaining
about the lack of
information on the subject,
about the disregard of our
contributions by Western
historians. Thinking back
on it, I think that was a poor
excuse. I could have told
them, for example, that the
father of Greek philosophy,
Thales was a son of
Phoenician parents, or that
Pythagoras, the greatest of
the early Greek
mathematicians, whose
theorem we all had to learn
by heart, was of Phoenician
descent. But I didn't know
it at the time. The
information is there if you
take the time to look for it.
Richard and I want to share
what we have learned with
you. We want you to have a
head start on us.
I have often thought


about this incident, and
I've wondered how I
could've handled the
situation differently. If I
were asked the same
question today, I would
single out the six
paramount contributions
of Syria and Lebanon to
Western Civilization:
1-The beginnings
of agriculture
First, it was in Syria
along the banks of the
Euphrates river, around
6000 BC that man first
cultivated wheat and
barley, turning from a
nomadic way of life to a
settled agricultural society.
Anthropology teaches us
that the first step in the
development of human
society was the hunter-
gatherer phase in which
small family based tribes
are formed and foraging
bands of hunters roam the
land in search of prey. The
domestication of animals


such as sheep and goats
brings about a 'second-
phase in the evolution of
human society in which
larger tribes of nomads
live in tents or other easily
dismantled housing. These
sheepherders and goat
herders were constantly on
the move in search of
greener pastures for .their
flocks. This phase
probably lasted tens of
thousands of years. Then
around 8000 BC, a miracle
occurred which was to
revolutionize man's way
of life: that miracle was the
discovery of agriculture.
From that point on, no
longer was man a prey to
the whims and vagaries of
nature. He had acquired
some degree of control
over his environment and
had become master of his
own fate. The cultivation
of wheat and barley was
the single most important
first step in the


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civilization. And it
happened in Syria before it
happened anywhere else in
the world.
2-The discovery of
metals
Second, it was in Syria
also, along the banks of the
Euphrates, around 4000
BC that man first started
using metal implements,
bringing about the
commencement of the
Bronze Age.
The Bronze Age
Denotes a major phase in
the development of
mankind. This is the first
period in human history in
which metal is use for
tools and weapons; it
follows the Stone Age (or
the Lithic age), which
lasted for hundreds of
thousands of years.
The commencement of
this Period was
undoubtedly stimulated by
the emerging Agricultural
society in Syria because,
as the age-old adage goes,
"Necessity is the Mother
of Invention".
Stobhe, used for
thousands of years, served
well for weapons,
however, it was inadequate
as tools, especially tools
for the fledgling
agriculture industry.
Agricultural Tools, such as
hoes and plows, needed to
be light, strong and durable
and they need to be easily
(continued on page 8)

















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ii rage ~ [HE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR Jebruary 2002 I


I, I


Laham Lecture
(continued from page 7)
replaceable when broken.
The people of the
Middle East discovered
that .some unusual Pebbles
found on the earth's surface
are heavier and shinier than
others. When struck with a
hard object, they do not
shatter, but they change
shapes. These Pebbles
contained copper ores.
The science of
"Metallurgy" was
developed when the people
of the Middle East
discovered that when
heating these pebbles,
Copper, could be extracted.
But pure Copper is a soft
metal and was not use
extensively for tools or
weapons. The Bronze Age
came about when it was
discovered that Copper
alloyed with Tin created the
hardest of all Copper alloys,
and that combination


produces "Bronze".
Although the Bronze Age
officially began in Syria in
approximately 4000 BC,
Bronze would not be used
extensively for tools and
weapons until the second
millennium BC, because of
the scarcity of Copper and
Tin.
It was not until the
Phoenicians found a
source for both Copper
and Tin did the Bronze
Age come into full
fruition. The Bronze Age
was to continue for 2500
years until the Iron Age
commenced in 1000 BC.
Hence, the use of
metals to forge
Agricultural tools was the
Second most important
step in the development of
civilization, and it took
place in Syria before it
happened anywhere else in
the world.


Houston Flood
(continued from page 1)
Houston not once but
twice. Tropical Storm
Allison first hit the
Houston area when it
made land fall on Tuesday
June 5, 2001. Flooding
occurred but thankfully
was limited to only a few
parts of town. After
heading north, Allison
made a return trip to
Houston on Friday night.
She decided to stay
awhile and poured more
than 30 inches of rain
over most of the city of
Houston. This caused
bayous and creeks to
overflow. When the city
awoke Saturday morning,
half the town was under
water. Downtown
Houston was underwater
as well as the Medical
Center causing Herman
Hospital to close its doors
for the first time in her

Prince in U.S.
(continued from page 1)
Hicham, 37, a first cousin
of King Mohammed VI,
said he was relocating to
New Jersey with his wife
and two young daughters
for an "indefinite
duration."
Educated at Stanford
and Princeton universities
and known for his
progressive, leftleaning
political ideas, the prince
said he has faced
harassment by Moroccan


history..
The generosity of the
Charity Committee in
making this donation will
benefit a number of
people, many of who are
just now able to move
back into their homes.
The Charity
Committee has embarked
upon an even greater fund'
raising campaign to help
the victims and families
of the September I 11th
attack upon America. For
more information turn to
pages 7 & 8. Let America
know how proud we are
to be Americans of
Lebanese and Syrian
descent!
God Bless America!


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THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR


February 2002 |


Jacksonville, FL


!





Page THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002


[Prince in U.S.
!(continued from page 8)
police and described his
departure as a cooling-off


period.
Hicham's troubles at
home began last year
when he wrote a front-


page article for the French
daily Le Monde stating
that the king had too
much power and urged a


public debate in Morocco
on the role of the
monarch.


Muslim Tribute the World Trade Center on to help victims to safety. members of the Muslim
(continued from page 1) 9/11. The officers, Adil They spent the next American community and
Arab American members Almontaser, Ahmed several days working non-
of the New York City Nasser, Rafet Awad, and stop in the rescue efforts. various Muslim
Police Department who Faisal Khan, were on duty The event is being held organizations, as well as
o when the attacks occurred at the Hotel Washington
were heroic .participants and rushed immediately in Washington, D.C., and by various government
in the rescue operation at to the World Trade Center will be attended by officials.
Special Envoy report to the President Bom in Mazar-e-Sharif, Defense for Policy
(continued from page 1) through Secretary of State Afghanistan, and a Planning from 1991 1992.
North Africa. Dr. Colin Powell. According to naturalized U.S. citizen, Dr. He has served as a
Khalilzad will continue in a statement released by the Khalilzad earned a Ph.D. counselor for Secretary of
this capacity while he White House. he will serve from the. University of Defense Donald Rumsfeld,
performs his duties as as a "representative to the Chicago and taught and headed the
special envoy. Afghan people as they seek political science before BushCheney transition
Dr. Khalilzad will work to consolidate a new order, serving with the team for the Department of
with the UN special reconstruct their country Department of State from Defense. He has also served
representative on and free it from al Qaeda 1985 1989. He served as as a senior political scientist
Afghanistan and will and Taliban control." Assistant Undersecretary of for RAND Corporation.


Sununu
(continued from page 1)
recently touched on the
heritage of Congressman
Sununu, whose father is a
former New Hampshire
governor and White
House Chief of Staff. and
his relationship with Arab
American organizations.
Mr. Sununu is of
Lebanese-Palestinian
descent.
The issue centers on
George Salem, an Arab
American lawyer in
Washington, DC, who has
raised money for the
BushCheney campaign in
2000, as well as for Mr.
Sununu's senate


campaign, Mr. Salem has
been criticized recently
for his connections with
the Holy Land Foundation
a charitable organization
that has recently had its
assets frozen by the
government. The
organization is a former
client of Mr. Salem and is
alleged by government
officials to support
terrorist activities, a claim
that the Holy Land
Foundation vehemently
denies.
Senator Smith's
campaign manager called
on Sununu to screen his.
donors more carefully,
saying that. "the people of


New Hampshire want
someone in the U.S.
Senate with clear, concise
views on terrorism.
They'll judge a
congressman based on the
.people he associates Aith,
Ids voting, record and his
campaign contributions."
However, many -New
Hampshire politicos as
well as the White House
stepped in to defend Mr.
Sununu. Former New
Hampshire Governor
Steve Merrill stated that,
"the politics of ethnic
slurs and bigotry have 110
place in any campaign."
Presidential
spokesperson Jennifer


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Page 10 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002 [|


Drug Companies
(continued from page 1)
membership in the World
Trade Organisation. Walk
into almost any drug store
or pharmacy in the
Middle East, and you can
easily purchase almost
any medication desired, at
a small fraction of the cost
one would pay in Europe
or the United States. This
reflects long-held
government policies
designed to guarantee an
adequate supply of
affordable medications
for the general public.
But those conditions


are changing, under both
domestic and
international pressures.
As governments
privatise, new owners of
formerly state-owned
drug companies are
raising prices to reflect
the real cost of
manufacture. At the same
time, government
membership in the World
Trade Organisation
(WTO), and the linked
agreement of
TradeRelated aspects of
Intellectual Property
Rights (TRIPS), mandates
that those drug companies


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respect international
patents and trademarks,
further increasing the end
price of many
pharmaceutical products.
Until recently, Arab
drug companies have,
with tacit government
acceptance, ignored
international patents on
medications, which
helped keep costs low.
But as local


pharmaceutical industries
adjust to real economics
and global standards, they
will need to make
substantial investments
either in local research
and development, or in
the purchase of patent
rights from more
advanced pharmaceutical
giants in Europe and
North America. Either
(continued on page 11)


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Page 11 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002


Drug Companies
(continued from page 10)
course will be expensive.
Patent and licensing fees
can represent as much as
90 per cent of the price a
consumer pays for a
medication.
What of the
alternative? According to
an industry analysis by
Ahmed Al Ansari, director
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Investment in the UAE
Ministry of Finance and
Industry, Arab
pharmaceutical
companies have made
little or no investment in
research and development
(R&D), which is crucial
to the development of
new or indigenous drugs
and medicines. By
contrast, American drug
companies invest 14 per
cent of total sales in
R&D; for British
companies, the figure
is 12 per cent. In order to
match this effort, Arab
drug companies would


have to invest between
$1.2 and $1.5 billion
annually.
The Arab
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and the governments
which own a large stake in
that industry, face difficult
choices: In order to reach
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profitability. But in order
for governments to
successfully privatise
those companies, profits
have to be shown.
For example, in Egypt,
all I I of the state-owned
pharmaceutical
companies held in the
government's "Law 203"
portfolio, slated to be


privatised, now show
profits ranging from 6.6
per cent to 15.8 per cent.
If they were currently
investing 10 per cent of
sales in R&D, only six of
the 11 companies would
be profitable.
Fortunately for them,
there is a significant time
(continued on page 12)


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Page 12 February 2002 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR


THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR

CENTRAL FLORIDA


Drug Companies
(continued from page 11)
window provided under
the WTO and TRIPS
agreements, allowing
companies to be brought
up to global standards.
TRIPS, for example, does
not come into force until
2005, and many experts
say the governing body
will allow extensions
similar to those allowed
under various WTO
provisions, to ease the
transition of local industry
to global standards.
Within that time, many of
the Arab drug companies
can be privatised,
allowing new owners to
make R&D investment
decisions.
In Egypt, Jordan and
Morocco, the list of
bidders -for those
companies reads like a
"Who's Who" of the
global pharmaceutical-
.industry, including Lever
Brothers, Johnson &
Johnson, Union Carbide,
ColgatePalmolive and
Glaxo Welcome.
But the eagerness of
these companies to invest
raises another awkward
issue: Who will ultimately


control availability of
medications, and
consequent local health
costs? In Egypt and
Morocco, initial sales of
local drug companies and
health care service
providers has been to
large western
multinationals, which
may not have the same
economic or social
interests as the
governments which once
dominated that sector.
Mohammed Abdul
Baqqi, director general of
the Emirates Industrial
Bank, believes Arab
governments and local
investors need to work
together to ensure "a
developed scientific base"
to sustain "a strong
national pharmaceutical
industry."
In many Arab
countries, key elements to
realising that goal are
already at hand, including
a growing cadre of trained
profess onals,
manufacturing facilities,
and a health services
infrastructure. Indeed, by
global standards, the Arab
pharmaceutical industry is
well developed. Measured


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by dollar value of sales,
Arab drug companies sold
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medicines last year. This
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European companies'
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Many Arab analysts are
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western companies will


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Arab manufacturing
plants.
"The Arab
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faces severe
competition," says one
industry expert, who
warned that companies in
the field could face both
western "dumping"
practices, as well as

(continued on page 13)


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Page 12


February 2002






Page 13 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

FLORIDA'S GOLD COAST


Drug Companies
(continued from page 12)
prohibitively expensive
patent licensing fees.
A Ansari believes Arab
governments will need to
set up drug price and
quality control agencies if
they are to protect the
general public from
anticipated producer price
increases. But he also
calls for a significant
increase in sector


Thomas Family
(continued from page 1)
parents, which gave the
event an added sense of
meaning for us. It is another
example of the debt we owe
them for their wonderful


investment. "There is a
core Arab pharmaceutical
industry base in place," he
says. "It needs to be
developed and
expanded."
Numbers alone will not
mean success. New drugs,
involving new
manufacturing processes,
mandate that the Arab
pharmaceutical industry
adopt much stricter
quality controls. Industry


work in saving children's
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experts say that many
local companies still fall
far short of global,
standards of excellence,
though this is beginning
to change. In Morocco,
Saudi Arabia and Syria,
over half of. all
medications are deemed
"excellent."
In the longer term, the
survival of an indigenous
Arab pharmaceutical
industry will depend not


Marlo, Tony, Phil, and
our terrific "next generation


so much on industrial
plant (there are now 195
major drug manufacturing
facilities in the Middle
East), as it will on the
training of technicians
and investment in
specialised research
facilities. The real battle
for survival will take
place in the world's patent
offices, where Arab
scientists have so far been
rarely seen.


of Thomases" had to carry
(continued on page 14)


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Page 14 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 20021 i

FLORIDA


Thomas Family
(continued from page 13)
out our hosting duties
without Terre, who was still
battling a bronchial
infection. We missed her
terribly, but how proud we
were of her son, Jason
Thomas Gordon, for
standing in for his mom and
representing her and all
the family so well, and
with such good humor! We
know dad would be thrilled
how his comic genes seem
to have passed on so
handsomely to his
grandson.
This year's
entertainment was terrific
with Robert Klein in top
comic form, the great
Chaka Khan never
sounding better, and what a
treat that we were able at
the last minute to have the
sensational new singing
group Destiny's Child as a
surprise guest addition.


In addition to the parade
of stars Courtney Love,
Shaquille O'Neal; Cindy
Crawford, Geena Davis,
Sharon Lawrence, Steven
Segal, Sean Young, and
Amber Valetta were just a
few-we loved having two
special St. Jude guests with
us for the evening. Phil
introduced Dr. Rupert
Handgretinger, our new
bone marrow expert who
recently came from
Germany to join the St.
Jude staff. We're excited
about Dr. Handgretinger's
unique approach to greatly
increase the number of
children who will be able to
benefit from transplantation
by receiving stem cells
from one of their parents.
The other "star" guest of
the evening was Andrew
Fraser, who's .now seven
years old, and was referred
to St. Jude by his doctor in
California when Andrew


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was only four. He was
treated for neuroblastoma,
and had a bone marrow
transplant. How wonderful
it was to see all those
Hollywood celebrities rise
to their feet to give Andrew
a standing ovation!
And did we mention the
evening raised over $1.7
million for St. Jude? How
proud our parents would be
that in a single evening we
can raise almost as much as
it cost to run the hospital in
its first year of operation.
We want to add a final
thank you to all the
dedicated ALSAC/St. Jude
Board members who joined
us to support the Gala.
Shortly afterwards, Tony
was in Memphis to help our
dear friend Gary Tobey host
the visit of Target's Stars on
Ice. Scott Hamilton, Kurt
Browning and Tara
Lipinski were among the
skaters who visited the


children, and then joined
patients for a picnic at
Target House. It was Scott's
idea to have a portion of the
Stars on Ice tickets sales
benefit Target House and
St. Jude, and last year he
presented a check to Tony
for $230,000.
And even though our
dear Terre has been ill, it
hasn't kept her from her
mission. From her sickbed
she's conducted 27
interviews around the
country for Country Cares
radiothons! Now that's
dedication.
As always, thank you for
all you do to. support our
cause, our mission, and our
endeavors. It means so
much to the family to know
all of you are with us in
carrying on the great work
of our parents.


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Page 15 THE SYRIAN-LEBiANSE STAR FeFiruar-y2002

FLORIDA


Kandahar
(continued from page 1)
of Afghanistan as the
Taliban troops were
driven south, western
audiences flocked to see
Iranian Moshen
Makhmalbaf's thoughtful
and enigmatic look at the
life of ordinary Afghans.
The film skillfully
illustrates what happens
to a country when its
infrastructure is destroyed
and only anarchy is left in
its wake.
The theme of Kandahar
developed from a
conversation Makhmalbaf
had with a young Afghan
journalist now living in
exile in Canada. The
young woman, Nelofer
Pazira, was desperate to
return to her home and
find a childhood friend
she had been forced to


leave behind. In a letter to help Nelofer Pazira
the friend revealed that cross the dangerous
she was suicidal because border and to travel on to
of the tyrannical treatment
the Taliban had imposed Best Wishes
on all women living in the


country.
Makhmalbaf was able


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the Taliban power base of
(continued on page 16)
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Page 16 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

STATE
i!
i


Kandahar
(continued from page 15)
Kandahar. Makhmalbaf
then used Pazira's story
for the basis of his film
and also persuaded the
journalist to play the
film's central role. Her
honest, touching portrayal
of a woman driven by
friendship and love brings
an almost unbearable
poignancy to the story.
In a recent interview
Moshem Makhmalbaf
talked about his decision
to tackle this difficult
subject. "Some
documentaries have been
made on the Pakistan-
Afghanistan border and


also in the north of the
country, which was then
ruled by Ahmed Masood
(since the victim of an
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story about an Afghan
exile on the border
between Afghanistan and
Iran. Some 250 years ago
Afghanistan belonged to
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subsequent coming to
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million of them took
refuge in Iran. "They were
the workers, we came into


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because of the harsh
conditions in Kandahar.


She wanted to go back
and help her friend at A
costs. She asked me to go
with her and film her
journey." the director
explained.
Although Makhmalbaf
did not go to Kandahar, he
secretly entered
(continued on page 17)


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Page 17 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

GEORGIA


Kandahar
(continued from page 16)
Afghanistan and observed
first hand the conditions
under which Afghans
were living. It is his own
experience, combined
with Pazira's story, which
form the narrative base of
the story.
The film opens with
Pazira arriving at the
Afghan border. In a
refugee camp there she is
introduced to an Afghan
family who reluctantly
agree to act as her guides
to- Kandahar. But the
relationship between
Pazira and the husband of
the group quickly
becomes strained as she
lifts her burqa, the full
face mask worn by
Afghan women, once too
often. He tells her that it is
not only a reflection on
his honour but the honour
of his entire family if she
is seen by tribal members
not to be properly dressed.
Pazira says of her
encounter with these
conservative villagers: "I
soon realized that these
men didn't have an
ideological problem with
the Taliban. They left
Afghanistan because they
were starving and because
of the war. Some had been
there since the communist
period when the Russians
carried out reprisals by
destroying entire
villages."
Despite the appalling
treatment of women,
which prevailed in the
country, what provides the
film's most shocking
images are the scars left
by decades of war. Pazira
enters towns which have
been reduced to rubble,
children scavenge among
skeletons for valuables.
There are literally
thousands of amputees
living in the country, their
injuries caused by the
hundreds of landmines
left after 20 years of war.
One of the most
harrowing scenes in the


.~ j
~ /

I


of amputees' scamper
across the desert trying
desperately to catch the
artificial limbs parachuted
down by the Red Cross.
The sight of these tiny,
desperate figures
hobbling across the sand
on crutches is the fabric of


nightmares.
En route
the family


to Kandahar
who have


agreed to accompany
Pazira are robbed and
hurriedly flee back to the
Iran border. Pazira is left
behind to make -her own
way in a country where it
is a serious offence for a
woman to travel alone.
Eventually she meets up
with perhaps the film's
most intriguing character,
an African-American
Islamic convert who
originally came to fight
the Russians but found
himself caught in the
middle of the bloodbath
which took place after
their departure. He
eventually turned his back
on violence to dedicate
his life to helping those
around him. Despite
having no medical
knowledge he administers
medicines and also food
to villagers whose most
common complaint is
usually the malnutrition
they suffer as a result of
the country's on-going
drought. The man says he
came to Afghanistan to
find God and found Him,
not by the taking of lives,
but in trying to save them.


lif m- comes when, dozens....- - -


Pazira's attempt to find
her friend, who in the film
is portrayed as being her
sister, mirrored her real
life experience and,
ultimately, her search
ends in failure. But her
journey leads her to
understand her
sister/friend's desperate
plight and she says at the
film's conclusion she now
feels she knows what it is
like to live in a prison.
Kandahar should not be
seen as a comment on the
recent events which have
taken place in Afghanistan,


a point Nelofer Pazira has
made repeatedly in
interviews. The film in no
way takes a stand on the
rights or wrongs of the
current American military
action. What it does do is
powerfully reveal what
happens when a country is
gripped by the twin evils of
war and famine. To his
credit Makhmalbaf refrains
from offering simple
solutions. He simply
shows human beings
trapped in an endless cycle
of violence- from which
there is no apparent escape.


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Page 18 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

SOUTH CAROLINA/NORTH CAROLINA


Jacksonville News
(continued from page 2)
Davis, where he was a
member of Pi Kappa
Alpha and a house
manager. He is employed
by Oracle Corp. as a vice
president of IT ERP
Systems Group,
A p p I i c a t i o n s
Development.
The bride's sister,
Christine Farah Conner,
was the matron of honor,
and the grooms brother,
George Adel Eways, was
the best man.
Following a trip to Fiji
and Australia, the couple
will five in Redwood
City, Calif.
Insurance Leader
Cratem dies at 74


R. George Cratem Jr.,
who spent more than half
a century in the business
of insurance and estate
planning in Jacksonville,,
died at hi! home Sunday
of heart disease. He was
74.
The rosary will be
recited at 7 tonight in
Assumption Catholic
Church, 2403 Atlantic
Blvd., where the funeral
will be at 11 a.m.
tomorrow. Interment will
be in Oaklawn Cemetery.
Cratem began his civic
service as -a youth in the


Tennessee News
(continued from page 2)
area, taken the elevator to
the top, admired the
interior and exterior and
viewed them from the.
Statue of Liberty and Ellis
Island as we waited for
'-the beat-to-take us baGk- to -


Boy Scouts and attained
the rank of Eagle Scout.
He also served, as an altar
boy at his church.
At Immaculate
Conception High School,
ML Cratem Was co-
captain of the 1944-45
conference championship
basketball team. He also
was named most valuable
player, all-conference and
honorable mention on the
all-state team.
After serving in the
Coast Guard, Mr. Cratem
received a bachelor of
business administration
degree in insurance from
the University of Florida
.in 1950.
He joined New York
Life Insurance Co. as a
special agent and earned
the designation of
registered health
underwriter. He was a
lifetime member of the
company's Million Dollar
Roundtable. Mr. Cratem
was a member of the
Florida Association of
Insurance and Financial
Planning for 52 years.
In civic affairs, Mr.
Cratem was active in the
Gator Bowl Association,
Quarterback Club,
University, of. Florida
Alumni- Association,
Tournament Players
Championship, March of
Dimes, the Elks, Catholic
Business Men's Club and
attained the fourth degree
in the Knights of
Columbus. He was a
charter member of the-
University Club and a
member of the Ponte
Vedra Club.
"He was a wonderful
person and an honorable
man who absolutely loved
Jacksonville," said John
Lanahan, a former City


New York City.
Just as no camera or
artist's brush can capture,
as the human eye can, the
true beauty of the Grand
Canyon or Niagra Falls,
neither can television
capture the devastion
- -- (continued-on page 19)


Council president who
knew Mr. Cratem most of
his life.
Mr. Cratem is survived
by his wife, Mary Louise;
a son, R. George III of
Jacksonville;
Mousa, 66
Jack Easa Mousa,
passed away Thursday
evening, January 17th.
Born in Ramallah,
Palestine, he moved to
Jacksonville from Corpus
Christi, Texas in 1967. He
owned and operated
several small businesses
here before his retirement
10 years ago. A devoted
husband and father, Mr.
Mousa was a longtime
member of St. George
Antiochian Orthodox
Church and the
RamallahAmerican. Club.
His parents, Farida and
Easa John Mousa,
preceded him.
Survivors include his
loving wife of 42 years,
Abla J. Mousa, sorilEasa
R. Mousa (Amy), two
daughters, Jackie Bateh
(Ted) and Shirley Kishek
(Elias), three sisters,
Naheel Salem Farah
(Salem) of Ramallah,
Palestine, Leila Mousa
and Jeanette Farhat four
brothers, Freddie Mousa
(Rima), Dr. John Mousa
(Joanne) of Gainesville,
Florida, Sam. Mousa


(Sandy) and Jim Mousa
(Howaida); eight
grandchildren, and a large
extended family.
ASKER, 81
Ease George Asker, Sr.,
81, died peacefully at his
home in Jacksonville early
on the morning of January
14. Esse was born in
Detroit,, Michigan, served
in World War 11 and
moved to Jacksonville in
1946 where he met his
wife, Delores. Ease and
Dee, as his wife was
known, owned a grocery
store on Cassat Avenue.
Among other rich and
vivid recollections, Ease
will be remembered for
his wonderful sense of
humor, charm, and
goodness.
His dear friend
Virginia, Merritt and her
son, Robert, became
faithful companions after
the untimely death of Dee
in 1977. Esse will join
Dee and his sister, Sadie,
in Heaven, and will be
missed dearly by his
brother, Abdo, and his
sister Helen, his children
and their spouses, Sybil
and John, Debbie and
David, Aim and Nancy
and Esse, Jr. and Georgia
his 10 loving
grandchildren, and dozens
of caring nieces and
nephews.


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Page 19 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

NORTH CAROLINA/SOUTH CAROLINA


Tennessee News
(continued from page 1)
suffered by New York
City, it's people or the
Pentagon, on September
11, 2001.
The evening of the
"Attack on. America"
September 11, 2001 1
attended a local church
service. I was amazed at
;the number of children
.there with their parents.
Even though it was :a
Baptist church many of
our local ministers chose
to come together in: this
the largest church in
'Franklin, Tennessee.
Many different religious
denominations were
represented, all
supporting our
government our country
and the people of New
York City and Washington
D. C. We prayed in groups
and as individuals, After-
Slistening to the presidents
.speech on television,
,ministers from different
churches went to the
'podium and spoke to us.
One of them asked us to
i turn around and kneel on


the floor, rest our bodies
on the seat of our chair
and raise our bands
toward heaven while
prayers were said for
those injured and killed in
the "Attack on America".
I cannot describe to you
the scene or the emotion I
felt, as I witnessed some
five hundred people
kneeling and raising their
hands upward to God.
in prayer, asking for help
for our country as we
recover from this terrible
ordeal.
Another preacher
asked.policeman, fireman,
nurses and medical
personnel to come
forward as a group so we
could, through them, offer
prayer for their
counterparts in New York
City and Washington D.C
Some fireman wept
openly because we had
just learned that twenty
more fireman had died
when a portion of a
building collapsed. A
young boy from Australia
who was present had just
spoken to his parents and


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said how they in Australia
were also grieving, for our
country.
The sense of unity and
pride I felt at seeing so
many different people of
various religions
gathering together to
share a common grief and
knowing that we had the
support of other countries
as well was
overwhelming,. I knew in
an instant that was
America. At the end of the
service we all sang God
Bless America. Lebanese,
5 Syrian, French,
Australian, Polish,
Chinese, Italian made no
difference. We all wept
and prayed together, we
were and are, all
Americans! God Bless-
America.
The next evening
September 12 thirty five
hundred people gathered
in Nashville's Centennial
Park to offer prayer and
support for those in New
York City and Washington
D.C. With the exact
replica of the Greek
Parthenon in the


background they listened
to country music artists
.perform patriotic songs
and lead the crowd in
song and prayer.
American flag's were
everywhere and most in
attendance held lighted
candles. I did not attend
this rally but instead
watched it on television.
Nevertheless it was a
moving experience, a
scene I'm sure that was
played out many times
across America that day.
I'm sure many of you
have shared similar
experiences these past
days but I just felt a
compelling need to relate
my thoughts and what
took place in the small
town of Franklin,
Tennessee.
GOD BLESS
AMERICA. THE GIANT
-IS AWAKE!
Julia Collins, State
Vice President, Tennessee
Southern Federation of'
Syrian Lebanese
American Clubs


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Page 20 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

CHARLOTTE, NC


Revelations
(continued from page 3)
shall fall from heaven, and
the powers of the heavens
shall be shaken: And then
shall appear the sign of the
Son of man in heaven:.and
then shall all the tribes of
the earth mourn, and they
shall see the Son of man
coming in the clouds of
heaven with power and
great glory. And he shall
send his angels with a
great sound of a trumpet,
and they shall gather
together his elect from the
four winds, from one end
of heaven to the other.
Therefore be ye also
ready: for in such an hour
as ye think not the Son of
man cometh. Who then is a
faithful and wise servant,
whom his lord hath made
ruler over his household, to
give them meat in due


season? Blessed is that
servant, whom his lord
when he cometh shall find
so doing. Verily I say unto
you, That he shall make
him ruler over all his
goods. But and if that evil
servant shall say in his
heart, My lord delayeth his
coming; And shall begin to
smite his fellow servants,
and to eat and drink with
the drunken; The lord of
that servant shall come in a
day when he looketh not
for him, and in an hour that
he is not aware of, And
shall cut him asunder, and
appoint him his portion
with the hypocrites: there
shall be weeping and
gnashing of teeth.
(Matthew 24:29-31, 44-51)
The Second Coming of
Christ in Glory
And I saw heaven
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head were many crowns;
and he had a name written,
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Page 21 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

VIRGINIA/NORTH CAROLINA


Melkite Icons
(continued from page 3)
but Christ and the angels
too have Arabized
complexions. These faces
have a more oval and
softer expression than in
the Byzantine icon. The
bodies are -fuller and
rounder with less of the
modeling which is
characteristic of
traditional icon painting.


In addition,
Arabic
contemporary
and daily
objects- all
contrast to
worldly
portraits. In


one sees
costumes,
furniture,
household
in sharp
the other-
Byzantine
one early


eighteenthcentury Melkite
work, for example, the
infant Virgin Mary is
being rocked in a cradle
still common in Syria and
Lebanon. In other
specimens the viewer sees
Abraham wearing a
turban, St. John the
Evangelist writing at an
Arabic desk, and St.
Holy Quran
(continued from page 3)
and Merciful." (59:11)
5. "And ask forgiveness
of Allah' surely, Allah
is Most Forgiving,
Merciful." (40:107)
6. "Will they not turn to
Allah and beg His
Forgiveness while
Allah is Most


George brandishing an
Arab sword.
Even the earliest
Melkite works are
characterized by
sumptuous decoration
which the Christian
artisans borrowed directly
from Islamic art. Found
on Melkite icons are the
intricate decorations seen
on brasswork, on Persian
carpets, and on the
brocades and wood panels
of Damascus. Frequently
the entire background of
these icons are covered
with floral, vegetable, and
geometric designs. Bent
leaves, -lotus flowers,
pomegranates, lilies,
tulips, and palms are
scattered across the
borders, the halos, and the
clothing of the saints. But
this. should not be
construed to mean that all
Melkite icons are ornately
decorated. On- the
contrary, the nineteenth-
century works are often
simple in the extreme.
Forgiving, Merciful."
(5:75)
7. "But whoso repents
after his/her transgres-
sion and amends then
Allah will surely turn
to him/her in mercy.
Verily, Allah is Most
Forgiving, Merciful."
(5:40)
(continued on page 22)


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Like other artists, the
Melkite painters were
influenced by their
environment when
choosing themes to
illustrate. Local saints and
legends were popular.
Those with strongly Near
Eastern settings figured
commonly: St. George,
who according to legend,
fought the dragon near
Beirut; St. Saba, who
directed a monastery near
Jerusalem; St. Simon
Stylites, who lived on a
pillar in Syria for decades;
St. Mary the Egyptian; the.
Virgin Mary in the garden
of Jesse; the prophet Elias
combating the priests of
Baal.
Even the dedications
inscribed on Melkite
icons possess a distinctly
Near Eastern literary
flavor. Just as Greek and
Russian inscriptions are
terse, those on Melkite
paintings are long and
flowery. For example, an
icon of St. Spiridon was


given to a Romanian
church in 1749 By
Sylvester, the Orthodox
Patriarch of Antioch. It
carries not only the
donor's name and
mention of the occasion,
but salutations and
blessings covering about
one-fourth of the icon's
surface.
Most early Melkite
icons were produced in
Aleppo, where a Syrian
family and their students
developed some of the
finest examples of
Melkite religious art. This
family spanned the
seventeenth and
eighteenth centuries with
their distinctive work. The
more notable artists were
the priest, Ysef al-
Mussawwin; his soil,
Nemeh; grandson,
Hanamia; and great-
grandson, Girgis. The
greatest of this family of
iconographers was
Nemeh, who developed
the Aleppo style.


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Page 22 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

WASHINGTON, D.C.NVIRGINIA


Holy Quran
(continued from page 21)
8. "So know that Allah is
Most Forgiving,
Merciful." (5:35)
9. "Those who suppress
anger, and pardon
men/women; and Allah
loves those who do
good." (3:135)
The Verse 3:135,
quoted above, mentions
three stages of 'Afw' that
is Forgiveness.
1. A Believer when
offended against,
restrains or suppresses
his /her anger.
2. The Believer goes a
step further and grants
pardon to the offender."
Louisiana News
(continued from page 4)
have as their special
guests, officers of the
Southern Federation,
namely, Sharon Benson,
Missouri City, Texas,
President; Mary Jo


3. The Believer shows an
additional kindness and
bestows some favor
upon the person. A
practical example is an
incident in the life of
Hazrat Hasean son of
Hazrat Ali and a grand-
son of Holy Prophet of
Islam. Once Hazrat
Hasan's slave poured
some hot dish on his
master, unintentionally.
That made Hazrat
Hasan very angry and
he was likely to punish
his slave. But the slave
immediately, recited
the first part of the
Verse 'Those who sup-
press anger. 'Hearing
Mansour, Alexandria,
Louisiana, Vice President,
and her husband Alfred;
and Kamal Nassar,
Marietta, Georgia,
Treasurer.
President Benson

(continued on page 23)


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those words Hazrat
Hasan withheld his
hand. Then the slave
recited the second part,
'and pardon
men/women.' And
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( Ma I fo o z at ,
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Page 23 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002 -

VIRGINIA


Louisiana News
(continued from page 22)
addressed the assembly
outlining the workings of
the Federation, as well as
plans for the future of the
organization.
While at the podium,
President Benson
installed the following
officers who were elected
to serve for the year 2001 -
2002: President, Joseph
Brocato; -First Vice
President, Alexa
Hamauei; Second Vice
President, Chris Mickal;
Recording Secretary,
Janet Schwary;
Corresponding Secretary,
Marian Ceasar;
Treasurer, Louise
Monju; Sergeant at Arms,
George Andrews.
President Brocato
addressed the gathering
relative to the club's
future plans, and with full
cooperIiuon of :' 'the
members, continued
.progress and interest will
be the ultimate goal.
The President called
upon Ray Ceasar, who at,
the" convention this past


July in Houston, was
doubly honored, receiving
the Federation's "Man of
the Year" Award and the
"Chairman's Choice
Award" presented by the
Chairman of the
Executive Board Fayes
Thomas.
On behalf of the club,
his fellow members
honored Ray with a
plaque for the
distinguished honors
bestowed upon him, and
for his love, devotion and
loyalty over the many
years. Most deserving.
The table arrangements
were raffled off, and there
were many happy and
delighted winners.
Master of Ceremonies
for the evening was
President Joseph Brocato.
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Page 24 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

MARYLAND/VIRGINIA


Texas News
(continued from page 4)
accepted entries from 9th
through 12th grade
students who made all A's
on their report cards last
school year. From
thousands of entries, 100
contestants were drawn in
mid-July and told to
report to the Hiley
dealership on the morning
of August 11 for a chance
to win the grand prize, the
Volkswagen Beetle.-When
contestants arrived, they
each drew a number. Once


Scholarships
(continued from page 5)


the contest began, they
were told to line up in
number order. Then, one
by one, each contestant
drew an envelope, which
contained a key.
Whiteman was No. 11.
"I turned the car on and
the accessories light came
on, but it didn't start. I
thought, 'Oh no!' But I
guess I wasn't pushing the
clutch hard enough." With
a little more effort the
bright yellow Beetle
started. Whiteman, who
has a learner's permit,


Maasarani Al-Salam
Club, Daytona Beach, FL
University of Florida The
James P. Hayek Memorial
Scholarship


Samir Maasarani
Mr. & Mrs. Aly


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Page 25 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

MARYLAND


Scholarships
(continued from page 24)
Susan Mashour
Mr. & Mrs. Nelson
Mashour Salaam Club of
Florida, Jacksonville, FL
Florida State University I
M. Haggar, Jr. Family
Foundation Scholarship


Guardian Angels
(continued from page 5)
by-invitation-only event
was held July 5, 2001, in
the Presidential Suite of
the Westin Hotel.
Members were greeted by
Mary Mowad Howell and
Karen Mowad Steven and
given their Guardian
Angel Lapel Pins as they
entered. Dolores Mowad
was there to personally
thank and greet all. A full
Lebanese meal was
served and an open bar
provided. Special thanks
to George Korkmas for
contributing all the
beverages, and tending
the bar as well. The entire
faniily of Program


Founder, Dr. George
Mowad, was in
attendance as many took
this time to reminisce
about his contributions
and tell stories of his
antics within the
Federation. Guardian
Angels Program Co-
Chairs, Dr. Jake Jorishie
and Mary Mowad
Howell, made official
welcoming statements
and gifts and
acknowledgements were
presented. Entertainment
was provided by two of
the Federation's very
talented vocalists: Merl
Boustani of Tulsa,
Oklahoma and First Lady.
Charlene Shikany of


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(continued on page 26)


Convention Chairman Bill Frank and his wife
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-~A


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Page 26 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

TENNESEE


Guardian Angels
(continued from page 25)
attendance had a
wonderful heart-filled
experience and look
forward with eager
anticipation to the next
Heavenly Gathering.
Membership to this
family organization is
mere $100 per year, with
proceeds being used to
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the Southern Federation.
In its first year, the
Guardian Angels
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Federation. The Program
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participation in this
project and a special
thanks to committee

i: r i+cN "^B .,i'


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Page 27 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

ALABAMA/MISSISSIPPI/TENNESSEE


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Since 1975, Piazza has
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Page 28 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR October 2001

ALABAMA


Silver Anniversary
(continued from page 27)
and Tony Thomas, the
children of St. Jude
founder Danny Thomas.
A cancer survivor
herself, Piazza founded
the gala as a way to test
her new acts. "I did a new
act every two years," she
says, "new songs, new
clothes. And I 'wanted to
try out the new material."
Her manager at the time,
Seymour Rosenberg,
suggested that they hold a
gala and donate its
proceeds to charity. "He
said, 'Marguerite, pick a
charity,' and I said, 'I'll
pick St. Jude,"' Piazza
recalls. She knew of the
hospital from her
encounters with Danny
while both were touring
clubs around the country.
"There had never been
a gala for a specific
charity in Memphis,"
Piazza says. "Everybody
got the idea from us, but
we did it first."
Piazza and her friends


pBei


and family organized that
first event themselves and
continued to do so for
about five more years
before creating a board of
directors. Sponsors began
helping defray some of
the costs involved. "We
are very grateful for our
sponsors," Piazza says.
"We couldn't do it
without them."
Remembering her first
gala, she says, "We had a
great time. We were so
successful that [St. Jude]
Board member John Ford
Canale told us we had to
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Since the first gala, the beginning: "The
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One man 's junk is another man's riches


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calls a raspy voice from
out of the fog. It's 7 am on
a chilly winter morning
and Cairo's junk
collectors are doing their
rounds. Bikiyya is Arabic
slang for "junk," but to
the scruffy peddler
leading his donkey cart
down the street below my
flat, nothing is. junk.
Forty-something
Mohammed Magdy sees
the value in everything
from broken blenders to
shattered mirrors, to the
twisted metal object I
discovered clogging my


toilet.
"How much for this?" I
ask doubtfully, holding
out what appears to be the
handle of an old drawer.
"I'll give you LE2... if
you throw in the chair," he
replies, eyeing a wooden
stool behind me. The
chair belongs to my
building's bawwab
(doorman), whose
absence may cost him a
seat.
"What about a picture
frame instead?" I offer,
pulling out a large
wooden frame with
flaking gold paint from a


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sack filled with the items I
found littering the floor of
my new flat.
The greying junk
dealer inspects- the frame
as if assessing its artistic
merit. His reply in Arabic
goes over my head, but
I'm certain, it has
something to do with the
'wooden frame with
flaking paint' market
having reached its
saturation point. After


intense negotiations we
settle on a price of LE3.
Mohammed tosses the
picture frame onto the pile
of junk in his donkey cart.
Today's haul includes a
broomstick, chipped
chinaware, a broken
radio, about two dozen
coat hangers, some filthy
rags and a green flipflop.
Three miles away
amidst the pale yellow
and grey mudbrick slums
of El-Khalifa, shoppers
(continued on page 30)


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Page 30 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2001

LOUISIANA


Cairo Junk
.(continued from page 29)
browse for bargains at the
city's largest weekly flea
market. Sprawling an
abandoned railway spur,
Souq el-Gomaa (Friday
Market) is the principal
open-air bazaar for
Cairo's junk dealers, their
goods arriving by
pushcart, donkey cart and
pickup trucks. The
kilometre-long market
starts respectable in the
"north with used furniture
dealers, bird sellers and
bootlegged cassette
vendors, and deteriorates
into mounds of unsifted
garbage towards its
southern extreme. Yet,
even this is for sale. junk
dealer Atef el-Sayed has
been coming to this
market for years,
occupying a small patch
of dust skirting the'
-railway.
"Nothing is garbage,"
he asserts. "Everything
has a -price and my
speciality is assessing its
value." Amid his
assemblage of unsorted
Junk I find parts for
automobiles, computers,
appliances and
furnishings. I also find
discarded antiques, like a
vintage Singer sewing
machine, still threaded
and seemingly workable.
Next to me, -a well-


dressed Cairene talks to
his wife on his mobile
phone, asking whether a
30 centimetre wire grill
will fit on their electric
fan at home.
Most of the people
shopping at the market are
middle-class Egyptians
trying to stretch
their meagre salaries.
An electric vacuum
cleaner can cost upwards
of LE500 in stores, Sayed
explains, while a frugal
shopper who scours the
market can bu) the-
casing, motor, hoses and
cords separately then
build their own for just
LE40. Likewise, a full set
of steel cutlery runs LE70
in stores, while market-
goers can put together a
mismatched one for less
than LE5.
The vast majority of
sales, however, involve


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elements that are
unidentifiable out of
context buttons,
switches, gaskets, handles
and rods. Shoppers are
less concerned with
whether a replacement
part matches the decor
than whether it will
function. Often they
purchase a large item just
to get a single part, selling
the remainder to an
itinerant junk dealer who
begins the cycle afresh.
Many of the items for sale
in the market have been
there more than once.
"You have to go early if
you want to get the best
deals," advises
Mohammed Ali Fathi, an
amateur antique hunter
who visits the market
every Friday in search of
undervalued pieces.
Bargain hunting is not as
easy as people would


.- : ;.- ..2 -.



assume, he insists,
explaining that he
regularly competes with
savvy antique collectors
and dealers.
"The people throwing
this stuff away don't
know. its worth," Fathi
says, "but the people
buying and trading it
certainly do."
Junk collector Reda
Moustafa knows a good
bargain when he sees it.
The 28-year-old engineer
works the streets of
Manyal on his days off.
"The pickings are good
there," he says, because
many nouveau riche
moving into homes once
occupied by the
established gentry lack
the refinement to
distinguish quality from-
junk. Preferring plastic to
wood and metal, upstart
(continued on page 31)


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Page 31 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2001

HOUSTON/DALLAS, TEXAS


Cairo Junk
(continued, from page 30)
families routinely clear
out entire rooms of
antique furniture and old
appliances, selling the
contents for scrap.
"They don't realise that
old wood furniture can be
refinished and the
components of old
appliances have value,"
Moustafa explains. "In
the old days, people used
valuable materials. Today
everything is plastic and
aluminum."
But even this has
value. Junk collectors
know specialists who buy
just one type of material,
piling it high until they
have sufficient amounts to
sell to industries that
recycle the material.
Families living in the
slums around the Friday
Market have created a
niche, collecting hard
plastic components
deemed 'un-recyclable'
and- breaking them into
small pieces to create


cheap filling material sold
by the kilo to local
shippers and construction
firms.
"I buy anything old for
sale!" Moustafa shouts
skyward as he passes
between apartment
blocks. An old woman on
the top floor of a low-rise
peers out of her window
with a porcelain lamp she
claims is a family
heirloom. She lowers it in
a wicker basket to
Moustafa, who inspects it
and firmly offers LE8.
The lady, seemingly
insulted, quickly pulls the
basket back up. A flurry of
words follow in which the
woman states the lamp is
worth ten times the asking
price. She threatens to
wait for the next junk
collector, who will
undoubtedly recognize
her heirloom's true value.
Unmoved, Moustafa
offers LEI 0. The old
woman curses him and
shuts her window. The
(continued on page 32)


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Cairo Junk
-(continued from page 31)
junk collector shrugs and
continues on his route.
New lamps identical to the
one the lady was offering
sell in stores for just
LE40, he explains, adding
that many residents try to
pass off imitations as
antiques. "They figure that
sooner or later they'll fool
one of us," says Moustafa,
"But if we're not 100 per
cent sure of something's
value we either refuse to
buy it or offer an
extremely low price."
On a good day,
Moustafa buys about
LE40 worth of junk,
turning it around for about
LE60 profit, roughly half
his weekly wage as an
engineer* Some of it he


September was to have
been the moment when
Middle Eastern and North
African music finally hit
it big in the United States.
Arab Music Moves West'
read a headline on the.


sells to specialists, like the
"metal vultures" behind
the Ibn Tulun mosque
who separate machinery
and electronics devices
into their constituent
metals and sell them by
the ton. Larger pieces he
takes to the Friday
Market, and the rest he
repairs and uses in his
own home.
I have a colour TV,
VCR and all wood
furniture in my home," he
boasts. By Egyptian
standards, Moustafa is
doing very well.
Asked what the most
valuable piece of junk he
has every bought,
Moustafa replies: "A
crushed briefcase. I
bought it to salvage the
handle and hinges, but


front page of the 11
August edition of
Billboard, America's
leading music magazine.
Another American
magazine, Rhythm, was
also excited and


when I started to remove
the lining I discovered
gold jewelry hiddeQ
inside."
Moustafa suspects the
original owner had used


optimistic about the future
of Arab and Middle
Eastern music in the US,
dedicating almost its
entire October edition to
the topic. And, to top it
off, two of the music's
biggest stars, Egyptian
pop star Hakim and the
Algerian 'King of Rai'
music Khaled, had been
set to embark in
September on a major US
tour called "Arabian
Rhythms" that music
industry observers said
would finally win for
Arab-influenced music
the kind of audiences,
sales and respect that
other so-called 'world
music' from Africa and
from Latin America had
long enjoyed in the


the briefcase to smuggle
jewellery, but never cared
to find out. As with all
junk collectors, he
believes in finders
keepers.


United States. But, all of
this was before the
horrific terrorist attacks of
I I September.
"On 10 September, we
were djing extremely
well, but as the news was
filled with constant talk of
Arab terrorists or Islamic
terrorists, that changed,"
said Dawn Elder, the
Arab-American vice
president of California
based record company
Mondo Melodia, credited
with sparking the boom in
Arabic music in the
United States with its
catalogue of recordings.
These include Rachid
Taha's rai/rock album,
Made in Medina, Cheb
Mami's, Dellali, and
(continued on page 33)


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Page 33 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

TEXAS


Arab Artists
(continued from page 32).
Palestinian oud and violin
virtuoso Simon Shaheer's
fusion of classical and
jazz, Blue Flame.
"It was a concern to put
34 Algerians or Egyptians
on airplanes carrying
music cases that
somebody might think
were dangerous, 11 said
Elder explaining why
many tours were
cancelled or postponed.
"After two and a half
years," she says,
gloomily, "we had made
substantial move into the
mainstream."
The mainstream,
however, will have wait.
Elder's record company
decided, reluctantly, that it
would be best to postpone
the Hakim/Khaled tour
until February because of
what it.,.- described as
logistical and .security
concerns. In a press
release, Khaled expressed
his. sorrow about the


events of I I September:
"Out of respect to the
American people, it would
be unsuitable and
inappropriate to perform
on stage during this -sad
time."
For promoters, like
Robert Browning of the
New York-based World
Music Institute, which has
handled several Middle
Eastern and Arab artists in
the past, the terrorist
attacks have led to his
business teetering on the
precipice of bankruptcy.
"I have lost 30 to 40
per cent of my business"
says Browning who has
arranged tours over the
past 10 years for Afghanis
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Wali Ahmed Raoufi to
Arab world performers
like Anouar Brahem,
Aicha Redouane and the
Near East Ensemble. "The
biggest problem is fear. I
have artists, not Arab,
who're just fearful of
travelling from Europe


into what they've been
told is a war zone."
But for Arab-American
musicians like the
Palestinian born, New
York based string virtuoso
Simon Shaheen, New
York has not, he says,
become a prison.
Though, Middle
Easterners were targets of


abuse immediately after I
I September recent
incidents have been
negligible. Hate crimes,
says Simon Shaheen, who
was born in Galilee, but
has called Brooklyn, New
York home for the past 20
years, have been replaced
with a deep curiosity
(continued on page 34)


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Page 34 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

OKLAHOMA/ARIZONA


Arab Artists
- (continued from page 33)
about the Orient.
Shaheen says the
annual Arab American
Arts festival he has been
staging for the past five
years will go ahead as
planned next year.
"I have been performing
more than I usually
would," says Shaheen,
who for the past five years
has been the organiser of
an annual Arab American


Arts festival. Ironically, he
says, people want to
understand the Middle East
and the Muslim world, its
politics, and its culture
now more than ever.
"This event has woken
people up to ask
questions. They want to
get a better glimpse of
something they haven't
been in touch with."
After announcing the
postponement of the US
tours of Hakim and Khaled,


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best known musicians,
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Page 35 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR March 2001

COLORADO/UTAH


Breathing New Life Into


The Dobrinja housing
estate on the outskirts of
Sarajevo saw some of the
heaviest and bloodiest
fighting of Bosnia's four
year civil war. A Muslim
area, it became a vital link
from the main part of the
city to the airport, next to
which it lies. Under the
runway which was
constantly being swept by
sniper and artillery fire -
the besieged defenders of
Sarajevo secretly built a
tunnel, linking them to the
outside world.
Nowadays, the tunnel
is a museum an eerie
tribute to the courage and
tenacity of the Sarajevans.
Its eastern exit emerges
among the back lots of
several blocks of flats; a
mass housing project that,
from a distance, looks no
different from hundreds
of others lift,` eastern ;oi-
western Europe.
Yet, flying from the
flagpole at the entrance to
one of its cul-de-sacs of
apartment houses one can
see, alongside the blue
and yellow of the Bosnian
flag the red and white of
the Turkish.
This is Sulejmana


Fillipovica street. The
mosque at one end has
been largely rebuilt and
repainted, while the
blocks of flats that lie
alongside it have also had
their bullet holes' patched
up, been replastered and
had a new coat of paint
applied. And all of this


has been at the expense of
the Turkish government,
Which, in common with
many other Muslim and
western states, has been
working away at
rebuilding this shattered
city ever since the guns
fell silent back in 1996.


Sarajevo
Aid from Muslim
countries, and from the
Middle East in particular,
is obvious from the state
of Sarajevo's Islamic
monuments and
buildings. The city
possesses a wonderful old
bazaar, a number of large
mosques, baths and


fountains from its many
centuries spent under
Ottoman rule or built by
the Bosnian Muslims
themselves. Many were
targets for Serb attacks -
the minarets of most
mosques having been
blown up, while other
symbols of Islam were
deliberately targeted as
(continued on page 36)


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Page 36 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

LAS VEGAS, NEVADA


Sarajevo
(continued from page 35)
part of the attempt to
eradicate all signs of the
Muslim population.
Yet, five years after the
Dayton Peace
Accords, much of the
city's architecture is back
to normal. The transport
system functions at
breakneck speed, with
trams and trolleybuses
racing the cars and buses
towards the kind of traffic
snarl-ups familiar to all
urban dwellers. In the
heart of the city's cafes
are full, the pedestrianised
shopping streets stock all
the latest fashions, banks
are open most not
closing till seven or eight
in the evening the
currency is
interchangeable with
German marks and an
atmosphere of central
European normality
reigns. Blink and you
could be in Budapest or
Prague. Sarajevo is now
even seriously bidding for
the next Olympic games.
However, "These
days," says Claude
Kieffer, education chief
for the Office of the High
Representative, the
international body


charged with
administering the Dayton
agreement, "the divisions
are still very much in
mind."
After Dayton, Bosnia
was divided
administratively into the
Muslim-Croat Federation
and the Republik Serbska
(RS), both of which were
then further sub-divided
into cantons containing
populations that were
either majority Serb,
majority Croat or majority
Muslim. A parliament
containing representatives
from the Federation and


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while 18,500 NATO and observers gave the
other foreign troops from settlement much of a
the Bosnia Stabilisation chance. In the RS, Serbs
Force (SFOR) are on hand continued to believe
to ensure the Dayton themselves part of a
agreement is being greater Serbia, rather than
followed in a secure part of Bosnia, while
atmosphere. (continued on page 37)




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Page 37 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Sarajevo
(continued from page 36)
many of the Croats
considered it only a
matter of time before they
became part of Croatia
proper. The prospect of an
openended SFOR
deployment made many
feel that the. US in
particular would not be
there for the long haul, an
that their European
colleagues would soon
fall out once the
Americans had departed.
This seems to have
been the calculation of
many of Bosnia's political
leaders across the ethnic
spectrum. Yet, five years
on, there is no sign of any
of this happening. Indeed
there are positive signs
the glue applied to try and


stick Bosnia back together
again may be beginning to
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(continued on page 38)

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' Page 38'' THE SyRIAN'-LEBANESE iSR" I Februarf200' '
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Sariajevo
(continued from page 37)
"towns and heading for
areas where their own
"ethnicity" was in control.


After Dayton, the fear was,
that few would be willing
to go back to areas which
might now be dominated
by people who


had only a while before
been trying to burn out or
kill their them.
Yet statistics show that
return is happening.
United Nations High
Commission on Refugees
(UNHCR) figures show
42,604 people returned
home in the first eight
months of last year. The
returnees are also from
every group and going
back to every area, with
no obvious bias emerging.
"This has picked up a
lot since we sorted out the
property regulations for
returnees," says OHR


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sign it over. Before there
was quite a lot of
obstruction going on, but
not now."
It is also evident that
the parliament, at which
old adversaries sit
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functioning. However
much ultra-nationalist
politicians may still sound
off in their own
constituencies, they all
still travel to Sarajevo to
debate the issues.
(continued on page 39)


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SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Sarajevo
(continued from page 38)
"Contrast this to five
years ago," continues
Wolf, "when Seth
commanders wouldn't sit
at the same table as
Bosniaks unless the table
was physically placed
across the dividing line -
with them sitting in Serb
territory and the Bosniaks
in Bosniak territory."
There are also some
hopeful signs in the
education system, which
has been stuck in
monoethnic schooling
since the war. The OHR.
has managed to force
through multi-ethnic
schooling now in some
areas thanks to a massive
pay rise for the teachers
and an edict from the High
Representative. In the
mixed district of Brcko,
Serb, Croat and
Bosniak children sit down
together in classes run by
mixed ethnicity or
religion teachers who'
teach a multicultural
curriculum. A year ago,

0-t&7//I


efforts to do this ended in
rioting now, teachers
report no problems.
.Similarly, this summer
saw the Croat nationalist
party, the HDZ,
acknowledge defeat in its
plans to breakaway from
the Federation and join
Croatia. In fact, as Keiffer
points out, across Bosnia,
ultranationalist parties
may often be the
strongest, "but their votes
have all been in decline at
every election."
Of course there still
remains a huge amount to
be done. Many areas of
the Federation and the RS
still suffer from serious
war damage and the
presence of huge mine
fields. SFOR recently
claimed that around 400
square kilometres of
Bosnia were mined.
Mostly, the job of
clearance is being given
to contractors who
specialise in this work,
meaning that clearance is
expensive. Without
further outside donations,


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the mine problem will
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return to normality.
SFOR is also trying to
round up the vast amount
of military equipment in
private hands throughout
Bosnia. With much of the
fighting having taken
place between militias,
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stability of Bosnia -
economics. In the cafes
and streets of Sarajevo,
the main complaint these
days amongst the young is
the lack of jobs, a factor
which is also badly


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can get a decent job and
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The lack of economic
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Bosnian exiles, including
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one international official,
this means the political
culture of the country
remaining in the hands of
"second rate politicians" -
a view of the local
leaderships that is also
widespread. amongst the
international community,
and indeed, among many
ordinary Bosnians.
Yet perhaps there are
still grounds for a
optimism here after all,
discussing economics is at
least better than trading
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"Page 40 ** '- THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE.S'AR. February'2002.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


How does a poor
'fellaha', country girl, end
up becoming the most
loved female singer of the
Arab world, whose
funeral in 1975 drew four
million people to the
streets, of Cairo? Simple.
She is Umm Kulthoum; a
woman gifted with a
voice from heaven.
Umm Kulthoum
passed away twenty-
seven years ago on
February 3, 1975. Since
her death, her popularity
has grown in leaps and
bounds catapulting Umm
Kulthoum, or Al Sitt, the
Lady as she was known,
into a cultural icon. The
very name commands
great awe and respect
from fans, young and old
alike, who hold her close
to their heart.
Umm Kulthoum was
born to a poor family in
the small Egyptian village
of Tamay Al Zahayra on
the Nile River north of
Cairo. As a young girl she
was sent to an Islamic
school to learn Qur'an,


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memorizing several
verses from the Holy
Book. Umm Kulthoum
learned to sing from her
father, Ibrahim Al Sayed
Al Beltagui, who was a
sheikh at the local
mosque. Her father used
to earn wages by singing
for weddings and other
celebrations. The young
Umm Kulthoum began
performing in her own
village and immediately
received much attention
because of her sharp
memorization of songs,
flawless command of
literary Arabic, and her
amazingly powerful voice
at such a young age.
Eventually in 1923, the
family moved to Cairo to
pursue entertainment
possibilities for their
gifted daughter. By 1928
and after some musical
training, she emerged as
one of Cairo's top singers
in the music industry and
went on to make
commercial, radio, film,
and television recordings.
Her beautiful, soaring


voice and her
popularization of older
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would launch Umm
Kulthoum's career
making her the most
loved Arab female singer
of her time and beyond.
For decades, Umm
Kulthoum appeared in
countless concerts
throughout the Arab


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(continued.on page 41)


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Pag 41 ,' THE"SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February'2002, "

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA


Umm Kulthoum
(continued from page 40)
than 300 songs, which
covered themes ranging
from love to religion to
nationalism. Most of her
songs were in colloquial
Arabic and were written
by famous poets. During
her 50-year singing career
she also starred in six
ovies. The life and work
f the legendary
-ongst.ress has been
honored in the Umm
Kulthoum Museum in
Egypt, which opened in
late December 2001.


The voice of Umm
Kulthoum can today be
heard flowing from car
radios, taxis, shops, and
cafes throughout the Arab
world and everywhere
Arabs have settled
throughout the globe. Not
surprisingly, Umm
Kulthoum is still among
the top selling Arab
singers. Egyptian actor
Omar Sharif, who
narrated the first
American documentary
on Umm Kulthoum, has
said about her: "She is
born again every morning


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in the heart of 120 million
beings. In the East, a day
without Umm Kulthoum
would have no color."
Called Kawkab Al
Sharq, "Star of the East"
by some, her classical
Arabic music was able
and is still able to affect
her listeners in a way that
is unparalleled by any
singers of the past or
present. Her songs of
love, her religious hymns
honoring the Muslim


faith, and her nationalistic
incantations have for
many become symbolic of
Arab culture and identity,
particularly for Egyptians.
Her music- has even
managed to attract many
non-Arabic speaking fans
as well. Umm Kulthoum's
music is sold in several
American music stores.
It was in the 1950's that
Umm Kulthoum joined
forces with the much-loved

(continued on page 42)


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Page 42 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA


Umm Kulthoum
T- (continued from page 41)
charismatic Egyptian
leader Gamal Abdul Nasser
whom she enjoyed a close
friendship with. Despite
being received by heads of
state, Umm Kulthoum
never forgot her humble

China offers li
war-shat
A Chinese wildlife
park said it would donate
',"*- a lion to Afghanistan's
Kabul Zoo where Marjan,
a one-eyed lion which
came to symbolize the
war-ravaged nation, died
recently, state media
reported.
Wang Wei, deputy
general manager of the
Badaling Wildlife Park,
said the death of the big
cat last month, widely
reported in the Chinese
:AW-- media, had saddened
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according to a report by
the Xinhua news agency
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to give back to her people
by regularly giving
monetary assistance to the
poor. Throughout her life,
she took on many causes,
serving as a sort of


ion for Kabul's
tered zoo
"Others may not
understand how sad we are
as zoo keepers," he said,
"The life of each creature
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painstaking efforts from its
keeper. Besides, Marjan
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"We wish to express,
on behalf of all the
Beijingers, the call for
world peace through the
donation," Wang said,
according to Xinhua.
Marjan, a gift from
West Germany to the
Kabul Zoo 23 years ago,
lived his life on the front
line of the civil war in
Afghanistan.


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ambassador for the
Egyptian government and
populace.
The number of
mourners at the funeral of
Umm Kulthoum was one
of the largest turnouts in
Egyptian history, only
second to the funeral of


A grenade attack robbed
him of one eye while years
of neglect as the country
struggled with famine left
him with few teeth and an
emaciated body.
He died from chronic
liver and digestive system
failure caused by years of
malnutrition, according to
a spokesman for ,the
British-based World


Nasser. The great
outpouring of emotion at
her funeral and her
tremendous popularity far
beyond her death is
testament to the fact that
Umm Kulthoum will
always remain the heart of
the Arab world.


Society for the Protection
of Animals.
Wang said that a report
to the municipal
government applying for
the transfer would be
submitted soon, according
to Xinhua. There was no
indication when the lion,
one of 86 at the safari
park, would make the
move to Afghanistan.


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Syrian & Lebanese, Friends & Customers

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Page 43 THE SYRIAN-LEBANESE STAR February 2002

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA


Nokia brings
Nokia has outlined that
its vision for how
Multimedia Messaging
Services (MMS) will create
extensive new revenue
opportunities for content
providers, software
developers and mobile
telcos.
At its first MMS
Conference in Dubai,
Nokia presented how MMS
will create new markets for
both advertising, news and
information distribution
and also for the associated
technologies that will be
required to support them.
It is expected that MMS
will have a similar impact
on Middle East industries
,as the Internet and SMS,
with consumer demand
,being driven by the
excitement for
sophisticated GPRS (also
'referred to as 2.5G) and 3G
mobile receivers.


multimedia messaging to life


Multimedia Messaging
is an extension of the highly
successful Short Messaging
Service (SMS) and
provides automatic,
immediate delivery for
user-created content.
In addition 'to the
familiar text content of
SMS, MMS also contains
still images and voice- or
audio clips. In the future, it
will be possible to transmit
presentations and video
clips between mobile
devices.
MMS will build on the
successful- Short Messaging
Services business model,
which has proven profitable
for all parties in the value
chain. As with SMS, the
MMS value chain is also
very short, with content
either provided by the end
users themselves, or by third
party content providers.
Multimedia Messaging


Services open a direct link
between the consumer and
advertiser, enabling highly
effective one-to-one
marketing.
Other content providers,
such as magazines and
broadcast media, will also
benefit in being able to
provide time and location
specific information direct
to the consumer. This is
expected to increase the use
of mobile networks and
demand for new and
sophisticated technologies,
such as storage services and
MMS development tools.
Nokia's recently
launched 7650 GPRS
phone shows the potential
for MMS. Using the 7650's
digital camera and colour
screen, consumers can send
photography instantly to
other compatible mobile
devices anywhere in the


world. Handsets that
support Multimedia
Messaging Services will
become available in the
second quarter of 2002.
"MMS is a giant step in
the evolution of
communication and will
drive the move to mobile
data services," said Juho
Halinen Managing
Director, Nokia Middle
East, at Nokia. "We expect
that MMS will be equally
successful, if not more so,
than SMS.
It should provide a
springboard for profitability
for 2.5G and a. great
introduction to the services
that customers will be able
to enjoy on the 3G
networks of the future. The
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the way forward for mobile
messaging services and
gives a clear vision of what
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