Title Page
 List of Illustrations
 Robinson Crusoe

Title: Robinson Crusoe in words of one syllable
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028328/00001
 Material Information
Title: Robinson Crusoe in words of one syllable
Physical Description: viii, 161, 1 p., 13 leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Aikin, Lucy, 1781-1864
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
George Routledge and Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: George Routledge & Sons
Place of Publication: New York (416 Broome Street)
Publication Date: [1876?]
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1876   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1876   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1876
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
General Note: Spine title: Robinson Crusoe; cover title: Robinson Crusoe in words of one syllable.
General Note: Date based on publisher's list of illustrated juvenile books, (6 p.) at end, which has as the first entry, 'Every boy's book,' "an entirely new and revised edition (1875)"
General Note: This may be a reissue of Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe, 566, the description of which is based only on a photocopy.
General Note: Last page of text is blank.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe retold.
General Note: University of Florida library's copy imperfect: 1 plate missing.
Funding: NEH RLG GCMP4
Statement of Responsibility: by Mary Godolphin ; with coloured illustrations.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00028328
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001825407
oclc - 30304714
notis - AJP9452

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    List of Illustrations
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Robinson Crusoe
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
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Full Text







Uniform with this Edition of Robinson Crusoe."
With Eight Illustrations in Colours by KRONHEIM.
Price $x.50 cloth.

With Eight Illustrations in Colours by KRONHEIM.
Price $1.5o cloth.


H E production of a book which
is adapted to the use of the
youngest readers needs but few words
of excuse or apology. The nature
of the work seems to be sufficiently
explained by the title itself, and the
author's task has been chiefly to re-
duce the ordinary language into words
of one syllable. But although, as far


as the subject matter is concerned, the
book can lay no claims to originality, it
is believed that the idea and scope of
its construction are entirely novel, for
the One Syllable literature of the pre-
sent day furnishes little more than a few
short, unconnected sentences, and those
chiefly in spelling books.
The deep interest which De Foe's
story has never failed to arouse in the
minds of the young, induces the author
to hope that it may be acceptable in its
present form.
It should be stated that exceptions


to the rule of using words of one syllable
exclusively have been made in the case
of the proper names of the boy Xury
and of the man Friday, and in the
titles of the illustrations that accompany
the work.

*1' 4


Pc*. To face pas
I. ROBINSON CRUSOE ON THE RAFT .............................. 32




5. ROBINSON CRUSOE RESCUES FRIDAY .......................... 77

CANNIBALS ...................................................... 100

?. FRIDAY MEETS HIS FATHER AGAIN............................. 102

8. THE GOOD ENGLISHMEN'S COLONY .............................. 125

9. THE FLIGHT INTO THE FOREST ................................. 133

10. THE AMBUSCADE ...................................... ... .. 137


It. REPULSE OF TARTAR ROBBERS................................ 159









In words of One Syllable.
E WAS born at York on the
first of March in' the sixth year
of the reign of King Charles the
First. From the time when I was quite
a young child, I had felt a great wish
to spend my life at sea, and as I grew,
so did this taste grow more and more
strong; till at last I broke loose from
my school and home, and found my way
on foot to Hull, where I soon got a
place on board a ship.
When we had set sail but a few days,
a squall of wind came on, and on the
fifth night we sprang a leak. All hands

Robinson Crusoe.

were sent to the pumps, but we felt the
ship groan in all her planks, and her
beams quake from stem to stern; so
that it was soon quite clear there was
no hope for her, and' that all we could
do was to save our lives.
The first thing was to fire off guns, to
show that we were in need of help, and
at length a ship, which lay not far from
us, sent a boat to our aid. But the sea
was too rough for it to lie near our ship's
side, so we threw out a rope, which the
men in the boat caught, and made fast,
and by this means we all got in.
Still, in so wild a sea it was vain to
try to get on board the ship which had
sent out the men, or to use our oars in
the boat, and all we could do was to let
it drive to shore.
In the space of half an hour our own
ship struck on a rock and went down,

The First Wreck.

and we saw her no more. We made but
slow way to the land, which we caught
sight of now ;-.d then when the boat
rose to the top of some high wave, and
there we saw men who ran in crowds, to
and fro, all bent on one thing, and that
was to save us.
At last to our great joy we got on
shore, where we had the luck to meet
with friends who gave us the means to
get back to Hull; and if I had now had
the good sense to go home, it would
have been well for me.
The man whose ship had gone down
said with a grave look, "Young lad, you
ought to go to sea no more, it is not the
kind of life for you." ." Why sir, will you
go to sea no more then ?" That is not
the same kind of thing; I was bred to
the sea, but you were not, and came on
board my ship just to find out what a
B 2

Robinson Crusoe.

life at -sea was like, and you may guess
what you will come to if you do not go
back to your home. God will not bless
you, and it may be that you have
brought all this woe on us."
I spoke not a word more to him;
which way he went I knew not, nor did
I care to know, for I was hurt at this
rude speech. Shall I go home thought
I, or shall I go to sea? Shame kept
me from home, and I could not make
up my mind what course of life to take.
As it has been my fate through life to
choose for the worst, so I did now. I
had gold in my purse, and good clothes
on my back, and to sea I went once
But I had worse luck this time than
the last, for when we were far out at sea,
some Turks in a small ship came on
our track in full chase. We set as

The Turks come in Chase.

much sail as our yards would bear, so as
to get clear from them. But in spite of
this, we saw our foes gain on us, and we
felt' sure that, they would come up with
our ship in a few hours' time.
At last they caught us, but we
brought our guns to bear on them,
which made them shear off for a time,
yet they kept up a fire at us as long as
they were in range. The next time the
Turks came up, some of their men got
on board our ship, and set to work to
cut the sails, and do us all kinds of
harm. So, as ten of our men lay dead,
and most of the rest had wounds, we
gave in.
The chief of the Turks took me as
his prize to a port which was held by the
Moors. He did not use me so ill as at
first I thought Ie would have done, but
he set me to work with the rest of his

Robinson Crusoe.

slaves. This was a change in my life
which I did not think had been in store
for me. How my heart sank with grief
a: the thought of those whom I had left
at home, nay, to whom I had not had
the grace so much as to say "Good
bye" when I went to sea, nor to give a
hint of what I meant to do!
Yet all that I went through at this
time was but a taste of the toils and
cares which it has since been my lot to
I thought at first that the Turk might
take me with him when next he went to
sea, and so I should find some way to
get free; but the hope did not last long,
for at such times he left me on shore to
see to his crops. This kind of life I led
for two years, and as the Turk knew
and saw more of me, heimade me more
and more free. He went out in his

A Slave to the Turk.

'boat once or twice a week to catch a
kind of flat fish, and now and then he
took me and a boy with him, for we
were quick at this kind of sport, and he
grew quite fond of me.
One day the Turk sent me in the
boat to catch some fish, with no one else
but a man and a boy. While we were
out, so thick a fog came on, that though
we were not half a mile from the shore,
we quite lost sight of it for twelve hours;
and when the sun rose the next day, our
boat was at least ten miles out at sea.
The wind blew fresh, and we were all
much in want of food, but at last, with
the help of our oars and sail, we got back
safe to land.
When the Turk heard how we had
lost our way, he said that the next time
he went out, he would take a boat that
would hold all we could, want if we were

SRobinson Crusoe.

kept out at sea. So he had quite a state
room built in the long boat of his ship,
as well as a room for us slaves. One
day he sent me to trim the boat, as he
had two friends who would go in it to
fish with him. But when the time came
they did not go, so he sent me with the
man and the boy-whose name was
Xury-to catch some fish for the guests
that were to sup with him.
Now the thought struck me all at
once that this would be a good chance
to set off with the boat, and get free.
So in the first place, I took all the food
that I could lay my hands on, and I told
the man that it would be too bold of us
to eat of the bread that had been put in
the boat for the Turk. He said he
thought so too, and he brought down a
small sack of rice and some rusks.
While the man was on shore I put

In the Turk's Boat.

up some wine, a large lump of wax, a
saw, an axe, a spade, some rope, and all
sorts of things that might be of use to
us. I knew where the Turk's case of
wine was, and I put that in the boat
while the man was on shore. By one
more trick I got all that I had need of.
I said to the boy, the Turk's guns are
in the boat, but -there is no shot. Do
you think you could get some ? You
know where it is kept, and we may want
to shoot a fowl or two." So he brought
a case and a pouch which held all that
we could want for the guns. These I
put in the boat, and then set sail out of
the port to fish.
The wind blew from the North, or
North West, which was a bad wind for
me; for had it been South, I could have
made for the coast of Spain. But, blow
which way it might, my mind was made

Robinson Crusoe.

up to get off, and to leave the rest to
fate. I then let down my lines, to fish,
but I took care to have bad sport; and
when the fish bit, I would not pull them
up, for the Moor was not to -see them.
I said to him, "This will not do, we shall'
catch no fish here, we ought to sail on a
bit." Well, the Moor thought there was
no harm in this. He set the sails, and,
as the helm was in my hands, I ran
the boat out a mile or more, and then
brought her to, as if I meant to fish.
Now, thought I, the time has come
for me to get free! I gave the helm
to the boy, and then took the Moor
round the waist, and threw him out of
the boat.
Down he went! but soon rose up, for
he swam like a duck. He said he would
go all round the world with me, if I
would but take him in.

Throws the Moor out of the Boat.

I had some fear lest he should climb
up the boat's side, and force his way
back so I brought my gun to point at
him, and said, You can swim to land
with ease if you choose, make haste then
to get there; but if you come near the
boat you shall have a shot through the
head, for I mean to be a free man from
this hour."
He then swam for the shore, and no
doubt got safe there, as the sea was so
At first I thought I would take the
Moor with me, and let Xury swim to
land; but the Moor was not a man that
I could trust.
When he was gone I said to Xury,
"If you will swear to be true to me, you
shall be a great man in time; if not, I
must throw you out of the boat too."
The poor boy gave me such a sweet

Robinson Crusoe.

smile as he swore to be true to me, that
I could not find it in my heart to doubt
While the man was still in view (for
he was on his way to the land), we stood
out to sea with the boat, so that he and
those that saw us from the shore, might
think we had gone to the straits' mouth,
for no one went to the South coast, as
a tribe of men dwelt there who were
known to kill and eat their foes.
We then bent our course to the East,
so as to keep in with the shore; and as
we had a fair wind and a smooth sea, by
the next day at noon, we were not less
than I50 miles out of the reach of the
I had still some fear lest I should be
caught by the Moors, so I would not go
on shore in the day time. But when it
grew dark we made our way to the coast,

Wild Beasts on the Shore.

and came to the mouth of a stream, from
which we thought we would swim to
land, and then look round us. But as
soon as it was quite dark we heard
strange sounds-barks, roars, grunts,
and howls. The poor lad said he
could not go on shore till dawn, "Well,"
said I, "then we must give it up, but it
may be that in the day time we shall be
seen by men, who for all we know would
do us more harm than wild beasts."
"Then we give them the shoot gun,"
said Xury with a laugh, "and make'
them run way." I was glad to see so
much mirth in the boy, and gave him
some bread and rice.
We lay still at night, but did not sleep
long, for in a few hours' time some huge
beasts came down to the sea to bathe.
The poor boy shook from head to foot
at the sight. One of these beasts came

i4 Robinson Crusoe.
near our boat, and though it was too
dark to see him well, we heard him puff
and blow, and knew that he must be a
large one by the noise he made. At
last the brute came- as near to the boat
as two oars' length, so I shot at him,
and he swam to the shore.
The roar and cries set up by beasts
and birds at the noise of my gun would
seem to show that.we had made a bad
choice of a place to land on; but be that
as it would, to shore we had to go to find
some fresh spring, so that we might fill
our casks. Xury said if I would let him
go with one of the jars, he would find out
if the springs were fit to drink; and, if
they were sweet, he would bring the jar
back full. "Why should you go ?" said
I ; Why should not I go, and you 'stay
in the boat ?" At this Xury said, if
wild mans come they eat me, you- go

Xury finds a Fresh Spring. 15
way." I could not but love the lad for
this kind speech. "Well," said I, "we
will both go, and if the wild men come
we must kill them, they shall not eat you
or me.
I gave Xury some rum from the
Turk's case to cheer him up, and we
went on shore. The boy went off with
his gun, full a mile from the spot where,
we stood, and came back with a hare
that he had shot, which we were glad to
cook and eat; but the good news which
he brought was that he had found a
spring, and had seen no wild men.
I made a guess that the Cape de
Verd Isles were not far off, for I saw
the top of the Great Peak, which I knew
was near them. My one hope was that
if I kept near the coast, I should find
some ship that would take us on board;
and then, and not till then, should I feel

Robinson Crusoe.

a free man. In a word, I put the whole
of my fate on this chance, that I must
meet with some ship, or die.
On the coast we saw some men who
stood to look at us. They were black,
and wore no clothes. I would have
gone on shore to them, but Xury-who
knew best-said, Not you go! Not
you go !" So I brought the boat as near
the land as I could, that I might talk to
them, and they kept up with me a long
way. I saw that one of them had a
lance in his hand.
I made signs that they should bring
me some food, and they on their part
made signs for me to stop my boat. So
I let down the top of my sail, and lay
by, while two of them ran off; and in
less than half an hour they came back
with some dry meat and a sort of corn
which is growL.in this part of the world

The Wild Men on the Shore.

This we should have been glad to get,
but knew not how to do so ; for we durst
not go on shore to them, nor did they
dare to come to us.
At last they took a safe way for us
all, for they brought the food to the
shore, where they set it down, and then
went a long way off while we took it in.
We made signs to show our thanks, for
we had not a thing that we could spare
to give them.
But as godd luck would have it, we
were at hand to take a great prize for
them; for two wild beasts, of the same
kind as the first I spoke of, came in full
chase from the hills down to the sea.
They swam as if they had come for
port. The men flew from them in
ear, all but the one who held the lance.
ne of these beasts came near our
oat; so I lay in wait for him with my

Robinson Crusoe.

gun; and as soon as the brute was in
range, I shot him through the head.
Twice he sank down in the sea, and
twice he came up; and then just swam
to the land, where he fell down dead.
The men were in as much fear at the
sound of my gun, as they had been at
the sight of the beasts. But when I
made signs for them to come to the
shore, they took heart, and came.
They at once made for their prize;
and by the help of a rope, which they
slung round him, they brought him safe
on the beach.
We now left our wild men, and went
on and on, for twelve days more. The
land in front of us ran out four or five
miles, like a bill; and we had to keep
some way from the coast, to make this
point, so that we lost sight of the shore.
I gave the helm to Xury and sat

A Szhi in Sight. 19
down to think what would be my best
course to take: when all at once I heard
the lad cry out "A ship with a sail! A
ship with a sail!" He did not show
much joy at the sight, for he thought
that this ship had been sent out to take
him back: but I knew well, from the
look of her, that she was not one of the
Turk's. -
I made all the sail I could to core in
the ship's way, and told Xury to fire a
gun, in the hope that if those on deck
could not hear the sound, they might see
the smoke. This they did see, and then
let down their sails so that we might
come up to them, and in three hours
time we were at the ship's side. The
men spoke to us in French, but I could
not make out what they meant. At last
a Scot on board said in my own tongue,
"Who are you ?- Whence do you

Robinson Crusoe.

come ?" I told him in a few words how
I had got free from the Moors.
Then the man who had charge of the
ship bade me come on board, and took
me in with Xury and all my goods. I
told him that he might take all I had,
but he said You shall have your goods
back when we come to land, for I have but
done for you what you would have done
for me, had I been in the same plight."
He gave me a good round sum for
my boat, and said that I should have the
same sum for Xury, if I would part with
him. But I told him that as it was by
the boy's help that I had got free, I was
loath to sell him. He said it was just
and right in me to feel thus, but at the
same time, if I could make up my mind
to part with him, he should be set free
in two years' time. So, as the poor
slave had a wish to go with him, I did

At All Saints' Bay.

not say no." I got to All Saints' Bay in
three weeks, and was now a free man.
I had made a good sum by all my
store, and with this I went on land. But
I did not at all know what to do next.
At length I met with a man whose case
was much the same as my own, and we
both took some land to farm. My stock,
like his, was low, but we made our farms
serve to keep us in food, though not
more than that. We both stood in
need of help, and I saw now that I had
done wrong to part with my boy.
I did not at all like this kind of life.
What! thought I, have I come all this
way to do that which I could have done
as well at home with my friends round
me! And to add to my grief, the kind
friend, who had brought me here in his
ship, now meant to leave these shores.
On my first start to sea when a boy, I

Robinson Crusoe.

had put a small sum in the hands of an
aunt, and this my friend said I should
do well to spend on my farm. So when
he got home he sent some of it in cash,
and laid out the rest in cloth, stuffs,
baize, and such like goods. My aunt
had put a few pounds in my friend's
hands as a gift to him, to show her
thanks for all that he had done for me,
and with this sum he was so kind as to
buy me a slave. In the mean time I
had bought a slave, so now I had two,
and all went on well for the next year.
But soon my plans grew too large for
my means. One day some men came
to ask me to take charge of a slave ship
to be sent out by them. They said they
would give me a share in the slaves, and
pay the cost of the stock. This would
have been a good thing for me if I had
not had farms and land ; but it was wild

Goes to Sea Once More.

and rash to think of it now, for I had
made a large sum, and ought to have
gone on in the same way for three or
four years more. Well, I told these
men that I would go with all my heart, if
they would look to my farm in the mean
time, which they said they would do.
. So I made my will, and went on board
this ship on the same day on which,
eight years since, I had left Hull. She
had six guns, twelve men, and a boy.
We took with us saws, chains, toys,
beads, bits of glass, and such like ware,
to suit the taste of those with whom we
had to trade.
We were not more than twelve days
from the Line, when a high wind took
us off we knew not where. All at once
there was a cry of Land!" and the
ship struck on a bank of sand, in which
she sank so deep that we could not get

Robinson Crusoe.

her off. At last we found that we must
make up our minds to leave her, and
get to shore as well as we could. There
had been a boat at her stern, but we
found it had been torn off by the force
of the waves. One small boat was still'
left on the ship's side, so we got in it.
There we were all of us on the wild
sea. The heart of each now grew faint,
our cheeks were pale, and our eyes were
dim, for there was but one hope, and
that was to find some bay, and so get in
the lee of the land. We now gave up
our whole souls to God.
The sea grew more and more rough,
and its white foam would curl and boil.
At last the waves, in their wild sport,
burst on the boat's side, and we were
all thrown out.
I could swim well, but the force of the
waves made me lose my breath too much

The Wreck.

to do so. At length one large wave took
me to the shore, and left me high and
dry, though half dead with fear. I got on
my feet and made the best of my way
for the land; but just then the curve of a
huge wave rose up as high as a hill, and
this I had no strength to keep from, so
it took me back to the sea. I did my
best to float on the top, and held my
breath to do so. The next wave was
quite as high, and shut me up ih its
bulk. I held my hands down .tight to
my side, and then. my head shot out at
the top of the waves. This gave me heart
and breath too, and soon my feet felt the
I stood quite still for a short time, to
let the sea run back from me, and then
I set off with all my might to the shore,
but yet the waves caught me, and twice
more did they take me back, and twice

Robinson Crusoe.

more land me on the shore. I thought
the last wave would have been the death
of me, for it drove me on a piece of rock,
and with such force, as to leave me in a
kind of swoon, which, thank God, did
not last long. At length, to my great joy,
I got up to the cliffs close to the shore,
where I found some grass, out of the
reach of the sea. There I sat down,
safe on land at last.
I could but cry out in the words of
the Psalm, "They that go down to the
sea in ships, these men see the works of
the Lord in the deep. For at His word
the storms rise, the winds blow, and lift
up the waves; then do they mount to
the sky, and from thence go down to the
deep. My soul faints, I reel to and fro,
and am at my wit's end: then the Lord
brings me out of all my fears."
I felt so wrapt in joy, that all I could

Safe at Last. 27
do was to walk up and down the coast,
now lift up my hands, now fold them on
my breast, and thank God for all that
He had done for me, when the rest of
the men were lost. All lost but I, and
I was safe! I now cast my eyes round
me, to find out what kind of a place it
was that I had been thus thrown in, like
a bird in a storm. Then all the glee I
felt at first left me; for I was wet and
cold, and had no dry clothes to put on, no
food to eat, and not a friend to help me.
There were wild beasts here, but I
had no gun to shoot them with, or to
keep me from their jaws. I had but a
knife and a pipe.
It now grew dark; and where was I
to go for the night ? I thought the top
of some high tree would be a good place
to keep me out of harm's way; and that
there I might sit and think of death

Robinson Crusoe

for, as yet, I had no hopes of life.
Well, I went to my tree, and made
a kind of nest to sleep in. Then I cut
a stick to keep off the beasts of prey, in
case they should come, and fell to sleep
just as if the branch I lay on had been a
bed of down.
When I woke up it was broad day;
the sky too was clear and the sea calm.
But I saw from the top of the tree that
in the night the ship had left the bank
of sand, and lay but a mile from me;
while the boat was on the beach, two
miles on my right. I went some way
down by the shore, to get to the boat;
but an arm of the sea, half a mile broad,
kept me from it. At noon, the tide went
a long way out, so that I could get near
the ship; and here I found that if we
had but made up our minds to stay on
board, we should all have been safe.

Swims to t/e Ship.

I shed tears at the thought, for I could
not help it; yet, as there was no use in
that, it struck me that the best thing for
me to do was to swim to the ship. I
soon threw off my clothes, took to the
sea, and swam up to the wreck. But
how was I to get on deck ? I had swum
twice round the ship, when a piece of
rope caught my eye, which hung down
from her side so low, that at first the
waves hid it. By the help of this rope
I got on board.
I found that there was a bulge in the
ship, and that she had sprung a leak.
You may be sure that my first thought
was to look round for some food, and I
soon made my way to the bin, where the
bread was kept, and ate some of it as I
went to and fro, for there was no time
to lose. There was, too, some rum, of
which I took a good draught, and this

Robinson Crusoe.

gave me heart. What I stood most in-
need of, was a boat to take the goods to
shore. But it was vain to wish for that
which could not be had; and as there
were some spare yards in the ship, two
or three large planks of wood, and a
spare mast or two, I fell to work with
these, to make a raft.
I put four spars side by side, and laid
short bits of plank on them, cross ways,
to make my raft strong. Though these
planks would bear my own weight, they
were too slight to bear much of my
freight. So I took a saw which was on
board, and cut a mast in three lengths,
and these gave great strength to the raft.
I found some bread and rice, a Dutch
cheese, and some dry goat's flesh. There
had been some wheat, but the rats had
got at it, and it was all gone.
My next task was to screen my goods

The First Frezght.

from the spray of the sea; and it did
not take me long to do this, for there
were three large chests on board which
held all, and these I put on the raft.
When the high tide came up it took off
my coat and shirt, which I had left on
the shore; but there were some fresh
clothes in the ship.
"See here is a prize!" said I, out
loud, (though there were none to hear
me), now I shall not starve." For I
found four large guns. But how was
my raft to be got to land ? I had no sail,
no oars; and a gust of wind would make
all my store slide off. Yet there were
three things which I was glad of; a calm
sea, a tide which set in to the shore, and
a slight breeze' to blow me there.
I had the good luck to find some oars
in a part of the ship, in which I had
made no search till now. With these I

Robinson Crusoe

put to sea, and for half a mile my raft
went well; but soon I found it drove to
one side. At length I saw a creek, to
which, with some toil, I took my raft;
and now the beach. was so near, that I
felt my oar touch the ground.
Here I had well nigh lost my freight,
for the shore lay on a slope, so that there
was no place to land on, save where one
end of the raft would lie so high, and
one end so low, that all my goods would
fall off. To wait till the tide came up
was all that could be done. So when
the sea was a foot deep, I thrust the
raft on a flat piece of ground, to moor
her there, and stuck my two oars in the
sand, one on each side of the raft. Thus
I let her lie till the ebb of the tide, and
when it went down, she was left safe on
land with all her freight.
I saw that there were birds on the

Safe at Last.

do was to walk up and down the coast,
now lift up my hands, now fold them on
my breast, and thank God for all that
He had done for me, when the rest of
the men were lost. All lost but I, and
I was safe! I now cast my eyes round
me, to find out what kind of a place it
was that I had been thus thrown in, like
a bird in a storm. Then all the glee I
felt at first left me; for I was wet and
cold, and had no dry clothes to put on, no
food to eat, and not a friend to help me.
There were wild beasts here, but I
had no gun to shoot them with, or to
keep me from their jaws. I had but a
knife and a pipe.
It now grew dark; and where was I
to go for the night ? I thought the top
of some high tree would be a good place
to keep me out of harm's way; and that
there I might sit and think of death


Brings his Raft Safe to Land. 33
isle, and I shot one of them. Mine must
have been the first gun that- had been
heard there since the world was made;
for, at the sound of it, whole flocks of
birds flew up, with loud cries, from all
parts of the wood. The shape of the
beak of the one I shot was like that of a
hawk, but the claws were not so large.
I now went back to my raft to land
my stores, and this took up the rest of
the day. What to do at night I knew
not, no1 where to find a safe place to
land my stores on. I did not like to lie
down on the ground, for fear of beasts
of prey, as well as snakes, but there was
no cause for these fears, as I have since"
found. I put the chests and boards
round me as well as I could, and made
a kind of hut for the night.
As there was still a great store of
things left in the ship, which would be

Robinson Crusoe.

of use to me, I thought that I ought to
bring them to land at once; for I knew
that the first storm would break up the
ship. So I went on board, and took
good care this time not to load my raft
too much.
The first thing I sought for was the tool
chest; and in it were some bags of nails,
spikes, saws, knives, and such things:
but best of all, I found a stone to grind
my tools on. There were two or three
flasks, some large bags of shot, and a
roll of lead; but this last I had not the
strength to hoist up to the ship's side,
so as to get it on my raft. There were
some spare sails too, which I brought to
I' had some fear lest my stores might
be run off with by beasts of prey, if not
by men; but I found all safe and sound
when I went back, and no one had

The Wild Cat.

come there but a wild cat, which sat on
one of the chests. When I came up I
held my gun at her, but as she did not
know what a gun was, this did not rouse -
her. She ate a piece of dry goat's flesh,
and then took her leave.
Now that I had tw6 freights of goods
at hand, I made a tent with the ship's
sails, to stow them in, and cut the poles
for it from the wood. I now took all the
things out of the casks and chests, and
put the casks in piles round the tent,
to give it strength; and when this was
done, I shut up the door with the
boards, spread one of the beds (which
I had brought from the ship) on the
ground, laid two guns close to my head,
and went to bed for the first time. I
slept all night, for I was much in need
of rest.
The next day I was sad and sick at
D 2

Robinson Crusoe.

heart, for I felt how dull it was to be
thus cut off from all the rest of the
world! I had no great wish for work:
but there was too much to be done for
me to dwell long on my sad lot. Each
day, as it came, I went off to the wreck
to fetch more things; and I brought
back as much as the raft would hold.
One day I had put too great a load on
the raft, which made it sink down on one
side, so that the goods were lost in the
sea; but at this I did not fret, as the chief
part of the freight was some rope, which
would not have been of much use to me.
The twelve days that I had been in
the isle were spent in this way, and I
had brought to land all that one pair of
hands could lift; though if the sea had
been still calm, I might have brought
the whole ship, piece by piece.
The last time I swam to the wreck,

The Last of tM Ship.

the wind blew so hard, that I made up
my mind to go on board next time at
low tide. I found some tea and some
gold coin; but as to the gold, it made
me laugh to look at it. "0 drug!"
said I, "Thou art of no use to me! I
care not to save thee. Stay where thou
art, till the ship go down, then go thou
with it!"
Still, I thought I might as well just
take it; so I put it in a piece of the sail,
and threw it on deck that I might place it
on the raft. Bye-and-bye, the wind blew
from the shore, so I had to swim back
with all speed; for I knew that at the
turn of the tide, I should find it hard
work to get to land at all:. But in spite
of the high wind, I came to my home all
safe. At dawn of day I put my head
out, and cast my eyes on the sea. When
lo! no ship was there!

Robinson Crusoe

This change in the face of things, and
the loss of such a friend, quite struck me
down. Yet I was glad to think that I
had brought to shore all that could be
of use to me. I had now to look out
for some spot, where I could make my
home. Half way up a hill there was a
small plain, four or five score feet long,
and twice as broad; and as it had a full
view of the sea, I thought that it would
be a good place for my house.
I first dug a trench round a space
which took in twelve yards; and in this
I drove two rows of stakes, till they
stood firm like piles, five and a half feet
from the ground. I made the stakes
close and tight with bits of rope; and
put small sticks on the top of them in
the shape of spikes. This made so
strong a fence that no man or beast
could get in.

Builds a House.

The door of my house was on the
top, and I had to climb up to it by
steps, which I took in with me, so that
no one else might come up by the same
way. Close to the back of the house
stood a high rock, in which I made a
cave, and laid all the earth that I had
dug out of it round my house, to the
height of a foot and a half. I had to go
out once a day in search of food. The
first time, I saw some goats, but they
were too shy and swift of foot, to let me
get near them.
At last I lay in wait for them close
to their own haunts. If they saw me in
the vale, though they might be on high
ground, they would run off, wild with
fear; but if they were in the vale, and I,
on high ground, they took no heed of
me. The first goat I shot had a kid by
her side, and when the old one fell, the

Robnzzson Crusoe.

kid stood near her, till I took her off on
my back, and then the young one ran
by my side. I put down the goat, and
brought the kid home to tame it; but
as it was too young to feed, I had to
kill it.
At first I thought that, for the lack of
pen and ink, I should lose all note of
time; so I made a large post, in the
shape of a cross, on which I cut these
words, I came on these shores. on the
8th day of June, in the year 1659." On
the side of this post I made a notch each
day as it came, and this I kept up till
the last.
I have not yet said a word of my four
pets, which were two cats, a dog, and a
.bird. You may guess how fond I was
of them, for they were all the friends left
to me. I brought the dog and two cats
from the ship. The dog would fetch

Robinson Crusoe brings in the first Kid.

The Dog.

things for me at all times, and by his
bark, his whine, his growl, and his tricks,
he would all but talk to me; yet he could
not give me thought for thought.
If I could but have had some one
near me to find fault with, or to find
fault with me, what a treat it would have
been! Now that I had brought ink
from the ship, I wrote down a sketch
of each day as it came; not so much to
leave to those who might read it, when
I was dead and gone, as to get rid of
my own thoughts, and draw me from the
fears which all day long dwelt on my
mind, till my head would ache with the
weight of them.
I was a long way out of the course of
ships: and oh, how dull it was to be
cast on this lone spot with no one to
love, no one to make me laugh, no one
to make me weep, no one to make

Robinson Crzsoe

me think. It was dull to roam, day
by day, from the wood to the shore;
and from the shore back to the wood,
and feed on my own thoughts all the
So much for the sad view of my case;
but like most things, it had a bright side
as well as a dark one. For here was I
safe on land, while all the rest of the
ship's crew were lost. Well, thought I,
God who shapes our ways, and led me
by the hand then, can save me from this
state now, or send some one to be with
me; true, I am cast on a rough and
rude part of the globe, but there are no
beasts of prey on it to kill or hurt me.
God has sent the ship so near to me,
that I have got from it all things to
meet my wants for the rest of my days.
Let life be what' it may, there is sure to
be much to thank God for; and I soon

Adds to his Cave.

gave up all dull thoughts, and did not
so much as look out for a sail.
My goods from the wreck had been
in the cave for more than ten months.;
and it was time now to put them right,
as they took up all the space, and left
me no room to turn in: so I made my
small cave a large one, and dug it out a
long way back in the sand rock. Then
I brought the mouth of it up to the
fence, and so made a back way to my
house. This done, I put shelves on
each side, to hold my goods, which
made my cave look like a shop full of
stores. To make these shelves I cut
down a tree, and with the help of a saw,
an axe, a plane, and some more tools, I
made boards.
A chair, and a desk to write on, came
next. I rose in good time, and set to
work till noon, then I ate my meal, then

Robinson Crusoe.

I went out with my gun, and to work
once more till the sun had set; and then
to bed. ft took me more than a week
to change the shape and size of my cave,
but I had made it far too large; for in
course of time the earth fell in from the
roof; and had I been in it, when this
took place, I should have lost my life.
I had now to set up posts in my cave,
with planks on the top of them, so as to
make a roof of wood.
One day, when out with my gun, I
shot a wild cat, the skin of which made
me a cap; and I found some birds of
the dove tribe, which built their nests in
the holes of rocks.
I had to go to bed at dusk, till I
made a lamp of goat's fat, which I put
in a clay dish; and this, with a piece of
hemp for a wick, made a good light.
As I had found a use for the bag which

SA Crop Springs up. 45
had held the fowl's food on board ship,
I shook out from it the husks of corn.
This was just at the time when the
great rains fell, and in the course of a
month, blades of rice, corn, and rye,
sprang up. As time went by, and the
grain was ripe, I kept it, and took care
to sow it each year; but I could not
boast of a crop of wheat, as will be
shown bye-and-bye, for three years.
A thing now took place on the isle,
which no one could have dreamt of, and
which struck me down with fear. It
was this-the ground shook with great
force, which threw down earth from the
rock with a loud crash-once more there
was a shock-and now the earth fell
from the roof of my cave. The sea did
not look the same as it had done, for the
shocks were just as strong there as on
land. The sway of the earth made me

Robinson Crusoe

feel sick; and there was a noise and a
roar all round me.
The same kind of shock came a third
time; and when it had gone off, I sat
quite still on the ground, for I knew not
what to do. Then the clouds grew
dark, the wind rose, trees were torn up
by the roots, the sea was a mass of foam
and froth, and a great part of the isle
was laid waste with the storm. I
thought that the world had come to
an end. In three hours' time all was
calm ; but rain fell all that night, and
a great part of the next day. Now,
though quite worn out, I had to move
my goods which were in the cave, to
some safe place.
I knew that tools would be my first
want, and that I should have to grind
mine on the stone, as they were blunt
and worn with use. But as it took both

Falls Ill.

hands to hold the tool, I could not turn
the stone; so I made a wheel by which
I could move it with my foot. This
was no small task, but I took great
pains with it, and at length it was done.
The rain fell for some days and a
cold chill came on me; in short I was
ill. I had pains in my head, and could
get no sleep at night, and my thoughts
were wild and strange. At one time I
shook with cold, and then a hot fit came
on, with faint sweats, which would last
six hours at a time. Ill as I was, I
had to go out with my gun to get food.
I shot a goat, but it was a great toil
to bring it home, and still more to
cook it.
I spent the next day in bed, and felt
half dead from thirst, yet too weak to
stand up to get some drink. I lay and
wept like a child. "Lord look on me!

Robinson Crusoe.

Lord look on me!" would I cry for
At last the fit left me, and I slept,
and did not wake till dawn. I dreamt
that I lay on the ground, and saw a man
come down from a great black cloud in
a flame of light. When he stood on the
earth, it shook as it had done a few days
since; and all the world to me was full
of fire. He came up and said "As I
see that all these things have not brought
thee to pray, now thou shalt die." Then
I woke, and found it was a dream.
Weak and faint, I was in dread all day
lest my fit should come on.
Too ill to get out with my gun, I sat
on the shore to think, and thus ran my
thoughts: What is this sea which is
all round me? and whence is it ? There
can be no doubt that the hand that made
it, made the air, the earth, the sky. And

Thoughts of God.

who is that ? It is God who hath made
all things. Well then, if God hath made
all things, it must be He who guides
them; and if so, no one thing in the
whole range of His works can take place,
and He not know it. Then God must
know how sick and sad I am, and He
wills me to be here. 0, why hath God
done this to me! "
Then some voice would seem to say,
" Dost thou ask why God hath done this
to thee ? Ask why thou wert not shot
by the Moors, who came on board the
ship, and took the lives of thy mates.
Ask why thou wert not torn by the
beasts of prey on the coasts. Ask why
thou didst not go down in the deep sea
with the rest of the crew, but didst
come to this isle, and art safe."
A sound sleep then fell on me, and
when I woke it must have been three

Robinson Crusoe

o'clock the next day, by the rays of the
sun: nay, it may have been more than
that; for I think that this must have
been the day that I did not mark on.my
post, as I have since found that there
was one notch too few.
I now took from my store the Book
of God's Word, which I had brought
from the wreck, not one page of which
I had yet read. My eyes fell on five
words, that would seem to have been
put there for my good at this time; so
well did they cheer my faint hopes, and
touch the true source of my fears. They
were' these: "I will not leave thee."
And they have dwelt in my heart to
this day. I laid down the book, to
pray. My cry was O, Lord, help me
to love and learn thy ways." This was
the first time in all my life that I had
felt a sense that God was near, and

Goes Round the Isle. 5
heard me. As for my dull life here, it
was not worth a thought; for now a
new strength had come to me; and
there was a change in my griefs, as well
as in my joys.
I had now been in the isle twelve
months, and I thought it was time to go
all round it, in search of its woods,
springs, and creeks. So I set off, and
brought back with me limes and grapes
in their prime, large and ripe. I had
hung the grapes in the sun to dry, and
in a few days' time went to fetch them,
that I might lay up a store: The.vale,
on the banks of which they grew, was
fresh and green, and a clear, bright
stream ran through it, which gave so
great a charm to the spot, as to make
me wish to live there.
But there was no view of the sea
from this vale, while from my house, no
E 2

52 Robinson Crusoe
ships could come on my side of the isle,
and not be seen by me; yet the cool,
soft banks were so sweet and new to me
that much of my time was spent there.
In the first of the three years in
which I had grown corn, I had sown it
too late; in the next, it was spoilt by
the drought; but the third year's crop
had sprung up well.
I found that the hares would lie in it
night and day, for which there was no
cure but to plant a thick hedge all round
it; and this took me more than three
weeks to do. I shot the hares in the
day time; and. when it grew dark, I
made fast the dog's chain to the gate,
and there he stood to bark all night.
.In a short time the corn grew strong,
and at last ripe; but, just as the hares
had hurt it in the blade, so now the
birds ate it in the ear. At the noise of

The Birds in the Corn.

my gun, whole flocks of them would fly
up; and at this rate I saw that there
would be no corn left; so I made up
my mind to keep a look out night and
day. I hid by the side of a hedge, and
could see the birds sit on the trees and
watch, and then come down, one by
one, as at first.
Now each grain of wheat was, as it
were, a small loaf of bread to me. So
the great thing was to get rid of these
birds. My plan was this, I shot three,
and hung them up, like thieves, to scare
all that came to the corn; and from this
time, as long as the dead ones hung
there, not a bird came near. When the
corn was ripe, I made a scythe out of
the swords from the ship, and got in my
Few of us think of the cost at which
a loaf of bread is made. Of course,

54 Robinson Crusoe.
there was no plough here to turn up the
earth, and no spade to dig it with, so I
made one with wood; but this was soon
worn out, and for want of a rake, I
made use of the bough of a tree. When
I had got the corn home, I had to
thrash it, part the grain from the chaff,
and store it up. Then came the want
of a mill to grind it, of sieves to clean it,
and of yeast to make bread of it.
Still, my bread was made, though I
had no tools; and no one could say that
I did not earn it by the sweat of my
brow. When the rain kept me in doors,
it was good fun to teach my pet bird
Poll to talk; but so mute were all things
round me, that the sound of my own
voice made me start.
My chief wants now were jars, pots,
cups, and plates, but I knew not how
I could make them. At last I went in

The Pots and 7ars.

search of some clay, and found some a
mile from my house; but it was quite a
joke to see the queer shapes and forms
that I made out of it. For some of my
pots and jars were too weak to bear
their own weight; and they would fall
out here, and in there, in all sorts of
ways; while some, when they were put
in the sun to bake, would crack with the
heat of its rays. You may guess what
my joy was when at last a pot was made
which would stand the heat of the fire,
so that I could boil the meat for broth.
The next thing to be made was a
sieve, to part the grain from the husks.
Goat's hair was of no use to me, as I
could not weave or spin; so I made a
shift for two years with a thin kind of
stuff, which I had brought from the ship.
But to grind the corn with the stones
was the worst of all, such hard work did

Robinson Crusoe.

I find it. To bake the bread I burnt
some wood down to an ash, which I
threw on the hearth to heat it, and then
set my loaves on the hearth, and in this
way my bread was made.
The next thing to turn my thoughts
to was the ship's boat, which lay on the
high ridge of sand, where it had been
thrust by the storm which had cast me
on these shores. But it lay with the
keel to the sky, so I had to dig the sand
from it, and turn it up with the help of
a pole. When I had done this, I found
it was all in vain, for I had not the
strength to launch it. So all I could
do now, was to make a boat of less size
out of a tree; and I found one that was
just fit for it, which grew not far from
the shore, but I could no more stir this
than I could the ship's boat.
What was to be done ? I first dug

Gives ujp his First Boat. 57
the ground flat and smooth all the way
from the boat to the sea, so as to let it
slide down; but this plan did not turn
out well, so I thought I would try a
new way, which was to make a trench,
so as to bring the sea up to the boat, as
the boat could not be brought to the
sea. But to do this, I must have dug
down to a great depth, which would
take one man some years to do. And
when too late, I found it was not wise
to work out a scheme, till I had first
thought of the cost and toil.
"Well," thought I, I must give up
the boat, and with it all my hopes to
leave the isle. But I have this to think
of: I am lord of the whole isle; in fact, a
king. I have wood with which I might
build a fleet, and grapes, if not corn, to
freight it with, though all my wealth is
but a few gold coins." For these I had

Robinson Crusoe

no sort of use, and could have found it
in my heart to give them all for a peck
of peas and some ink, which last I stood
much in need of. But it was best to
dwell more on what I had, than on what
I had not.
I now must needs try once more to
build a boat, but this time it was to
have a mast, for which the ship's sails
would be of great use. I made a deck
at each end, to keep out the spray of the
sea, a bin for my food, and a rest for my
gun, with a flap to screen it from the
wet. More than all, the boat was one
of such a size that I could launch it.
My first cruise was up and down the
creek, but soon I got bold, and. made
the whole round of my isle. I took with
me bread, cakes, and a pot full of rice,
some rum, half a goat, two great coats,
one of which was to lie on, and one to

Satis round the Isle.

put on at night. I set sail in the sixth
year of my reign. On the East side of
the isle, there was a large ridge of rocks,
which lay two miles from the shore; and
a shoal of sand lay for half a mile from
the rocks to the beach. To get round
to this point, I had to sail a great way
out to sea; and here I all but lost my
But I got -back to my home at last.
On my way there, quite worn out with
the toils of the boat, I lay down in the
shade to rest my limbs, and slept. But
judge, if you can, what a start I gave,
when a voice woke me out of my sleep,
and spoke my name three times! A
voice in this wild place! To call me by
name, too! -Then the voice said, "Where
are you ? Where have you been ? How
came you here ?" But now I saw it all;
for at the top of the hedge sat Poll, who

Robinson Crusoe.

did but say the words she had been
taught by me.
I now went in search of some goats,
and laid snares for them, with rice for a
bait. I had set tlhe traps in the night,
and found they had all stood, though
the bait was gone. So I thought of a
new way to take them, which was to
make a pit and lay sticks and grass on
it, so as to hide it; and in this way I
caught an old goat and some kids. But
the old goat was much too fierce for me,
so I let him go.
I brought all the young ones home,
and let them fast a long time, till at last
they fed from my hand, and were quite
tame. I kept them in a kind of park,
in which there were trees to screen
them from the sun. At first my park
was three miles round; but it struck me
that, in so great a space, the kids would

His Dress.

soon get as wild as if they had the
range of the whole vale, and that it
would be as well to give them less
room; so I had to make a hedge, which
took me three months to plant. My
park held a flock of twelve goats, and
in two years more there were more than
two score.
My dog sat at meals with me, and
one cat on each side of me, on stools,
and we had Poll to talk to us. Now
for a word or two as to the dress in
which I made a tour round the isle. I
could but think how droll it would look
in the streets of the town in which I
was born. I wore a high cap of goat's
skin, with a flap that hung down, to
keep the sun and rain from my neck, a
coat made from the skin of a goat too,
the skirts of which came down to my
hips, and the same on my legs, with no

Robinson Crusoe

shoes, but flaps of the fur round my
shins. I had a broad belt of the same
round my waist, which drew on with two
thongs; and from it, on my right side,
hung a saw and an axe; and on my left
side a pouch for the shot. 'My beard
had not been cut since I came here.
But no more need be said of my looks,
for there were few to see me.
A strange sight was now in store for
me, which was to change the whole
course of my life in the isle.
One day at noon, while on a stroll
down to a part of the shore that was
new to me, what should I see on the
sand but the print of a man's foot! I
felt as if I was bound by a spell, and
could not stir from the spot.
Bye and bye, I stole a look round me,
but no one was in sight. What could
this mean ? I went three or four times

Sees the Print of a Man's Foot 63
to look at it. There it was-the print
of a man's foot; toes, heel, and all the
parts of a foot. How could it have
come there ?
My head swam with fear; and as I
left the spot, I made two or three steps,
and then took a look round me; then
two steps more, and did the same thing.
I took fright at the stump of an old
tree, and ran to my house, as if for my
life. How could aught in the shape of
a man come to that shore, and I not
know it ? Where was the ship that
brought him? Then a vague dread
took hold of my mind, that some man,
or set of men, had found me out; and
it might be, that they meant to kill mb,
or rob me of all I had.
How strange a thing is the life of
man! One day we love that which the
next day we hate. One day we seek

Robinson Crusoe.

what the next day we shun. One day
we long for the "thing which the next
day we fear; and so we go on. Now,
from the time that I was cast on this
isle, my great source of grief was that I
should be thus cut off from the rest of
my race. Why, then, should the thought
that a man might be near give me all
this pain ? Nay, why should the mere
sight of the print of a man's foot, make
me quake with fear ? It seems most
strange; yet not more strange than true.
Once it struck me that it might be
the print of my own foot, when first the
storm cast me on these shores. Could
I have come this way from the boat ?
Should it in truth turn out to be the
print of my own foot, I should be like a
boy who tells of a ghost, and feels more
fright at his own tale, than those do
whom he meant to scare.

The Death of the Old Pog.

Fear kept me in-doors for three days,
till the want of food drove me out. At
last I was so bold as to go down to the
coast to look once more at the print of
the foot, to see if it was the same shape
as my own. I found it was not so large
by a great deal; so it was clear there
were men in the isle. Just at this time
my good watch dog fell down dead at
my feet. He was old and worn out,
and in him I lost my best guard and
One day as I went from the hill to
the coast, a scene lay in front of me
which made me sick at heart. The
spot was spread with the bones of men.
There was a round place dug in the
earth, where a fire had been made, and
here some men had come to feast.
Now that I had seen this sight, I knew
not how to act; I kept close to my

Ro6inson Crusoe.

home, and would scarce stir from it,
save to milk my flock of goats.
To feel safe was now more to me
than to be well fed; and I did not care
to drive a nail, or chop a stick of wood,
lest the sound of it should be heard,
much less would I fire a gun. As to
my bread and meat, I had to bake it at
night when the smoke could not be
seen. But I soon found the way to
burn wood with turf at the top of it,
which made it like chark, or dry coal;
and this I could use by day, as it had
no smoke.
I found in the wood where I went to
get the sticks for my fire, a cave so large
that I could stand in it; but I made
more haste to get out, than in; for two
large eyes, as bright as stars, shone out
from it with a fierce glare. I took a
torch, and went to see what they could

The Old Goat in the Cave.

be, and found that there was no cause
for fear; for the eyes were those of an
old grey goat, which had gone there to
die of old age. I gave him a push, to
try to get him out of the cave, but he
could not rise from the ground where
he lay; so I left him there to die, as I
could not save his life.
I found the width of the cave was
twelve feet; but part of it, near the
end, was so low that I had to creep on
my hands and feet to go in. What the
length of it was I could not tell, for my
light went out, and I had to give up my
search. The next day, I went to the
cave with large lights made of goat's
fat; and when I got to the end, I found
that the roof rose to two score feet or
As my lights shone on the walls and
roof of the cave, a sight burst on my
F 2

Robinson Crusoe.

view, the charms of which no tongue
could tell; for the walls shone like stars.
What was in the rock to cause this it
was hard to say; they might be gems,
or bright stones, or gold. But let them
be what they may, this cave was a mine
of wealth to me; for at such time as I
felt dull or sad, the bright scene would
flash on my mind's eye, and fill it with
A score of years had gone by, with no
new sight to rest my eyes on, till this
scene burst on them. I felt as if I
should like to spend the rest of my life
here; and at its close, lie down to die in
this cave, like the old goat.
As I went home I was struck by the
sight of some smoke, which came from a
fire no more than two miles off. From
this time I lost all my peace of mind.
Day and night a dread would haunt me,

The Dance of the Wild Men. 69
that the men who had made this fire
would find me out. I went home and
drew up my steps, but first I made all
things round me look wild and rude.
To load my gun was the next thing to
do, and I thought it would be best to
stay at home and hide.
But this was not to be borne long.
I had no spy to send out, and all I
could do was to get to the top of the
hill, and keep a good look out. At last,
through my glass, I could see a, group of
wild men join in a dance rotnd their
fire. As soon as they had left, I took
two guns, and slung a sword on my side;
then with all speed, I set off to the top of
the hill, once more to have a good view.
This time I made up my mind to go
up to the men, but not with a view to
kill them, for I felt that it would be
wrong to do so. With such a load of

Robinson Crusoe.

arms, it took me two hours to reach the
spot where the fire was; and by the
time I got there, the men had all gone;
but I saw them in four boats out at sea.
Down on the shore, there was a proof
of what the work of these men had been.
The signs of their feast made me sick at
heart, and I shut my eyes. I durst not
fire my gun when I went out for food
on that side the isle, lest there should be
some of the men left, who might hear
it, and so find me out. This state of
things went on for a year and three
months, and for all that time I saw no
more men.
On the twelfth of May, a great storm
of wind blew all day and night. As it
was dark, I sat in my house; and in the
midst of the gale, I heard a gun fire !
My guess was that it must have been
from some ship cast on shore by the

A Skhi cast on the Rocks.

storm. So I set a light to some wood
on top of the hill, that those in the ship,
if ship it should be, might know that
some one was there to aid them. I
then heard two more guns fire. When
it was light, I went to the South side of
the isle, and there lay the wreck of a
ship, cast on the rocks in the night by
the storm. She was too far off for me
to see if there were men on board.
Words could not tell how much I did
long to bring but one of the ship's crew
to the shore So strong was my wish
to save the life of those on board, that I
could have laid down my own life to do
so. There are some springs in the
heart which, when hope stirs them,
drive the soul on with such a force,
that to lose all chance of the thing one
hopes for, would seem to make one
mad; and thus was it with me.

Robinson Crusoe.

Now, I thought, was the time to use
my boat; so I set to work at once to fit
it out. I took on board some rum (of
which I still had a good deal left), some
dry grapes, a bag of rice, some goat's
milk, and cheese, and then put out to sea.
A dread came on me at the thought of
the risk I had run on the same rocks;
but my heart did not quite fail me,
though I knew that, as my boat was
small, if a gale of wind should spring
up, all would be lost. Then I found
that I must go back to the shore till
the tide should turn, and the ebb
come on.
I made up my mind to go out the
next day with the high tide, so I slept
that night in my boat. At dawn I set
out to sea, and in less than two hours
I came up to the wreck. What a scene
was there! The ship had struck on

Scene on Board the Wreck.

two rocks. The stern was torn by the
force of the waves, the masts were swept
off, ropes and chains lay strewn on the
deck, and all was wrapt in gloom. As
I came up to the wreck, a dog swam to
me with a yelp and a whine. I took
him on board my boat, and when I
gave him some bread, he ate it like
a wolf, and as to drink, he would have
burst, if I had let him take his fill
of it.
I went to the cook's room, where I
found two men, but they were both
dead. The tongue was mute, the ear
was deaf, the eye was shut, and the lip
was stiff; still the sad tale was told, for
each had his arm round his friend's
neck, and so they must have sat to wait
for death. What a change had come
on the scene, once so wild with the lash
of the waves and the roar of the wind !

Robinson Crusoe.

All was calm now-death had done its
work, and all had felt its stroke, save
the dog, and he was the one thing that
still had life.
I thought the ship must have come
from Spain, and there was much gold
on board. I took some of the chests
and put them in my boat, but did not
wait to see what they held, and with
this spoil, and three casks of rum, I
came back.
I found all things at home just as I
had left them, my goats, my cats, and
my bird. The scene in the cook's room
was in my mind day and night, and to
cheer me up I drank some of the rum.
I then set to work to bring my freight
from the shore, where I had left it. In
the chests there were two great bags of
gold, and some bars of the same, and
near these lay three small flasks and

Six Boats on the Shore.

three bags of shot, which were a great
From this time, all went well with me
for two years; but it was not to last.
One day, as I stood on the hill, I saw six
boats on the shore! What could this
mean ? Where were the men who had
brought them? And what had they
come for ? I saw through my glass that
there were a score and a half, at least, on
the east side of the isle. They had
meat on the fire, round which I could
see them dance. They then took a
man from one of the boats, who was
bound hand and foot; but when they
came to loose his bonds, he set off as
fast as his feet would take him, and in a
straight line to my house.
To tell the truth, when I saw all the
rest of the men run to catch him, my
hair stood on end with fright. In the

Robinson Crusoe

creek, he swam like a fish, and the plunge
which he took brought him through it in
a few strokes. All the men now gave
up the chase but two, and they swam
through the creek, but by no means so
fast as the slave had done. Now, I
thought, was the time for me to help the
poor man, and my heart told me it would
be right to do so. I ran down my steps
with my two guns, and went with all
speed up the hill, and then down by a
short cut to meet them.
I gave a sign to the poor slave to
come to me, and at the same time went
up to meet the two men, who were in
chase of him. I made a rush at the
first of these, to knock him down with the
stock of my gun, and he fell. I saw the
one who was left, aim at me with his
bow, so, to save my life, I shot him

Saves the Life of a Slave.

The smoke and noise from my gun,
gave the poor slave who had been bound,
such a shock, that he stood still on the
spot, as if he had been in a trance. I
gave a loud shout for him to come to me,
and I took care to show him that I was
a friend, and made all the signs I could
think of to coax him up to me. At
length he came, knelt down to kiss the
ground, and then took hold of my foot,
and set it on his head. All this meant
that he was my slave; and I bade him
rise, and made much of him.
But there was more work to be done
yet; for the man who had had the blow
from my gun was not dead. I made a
sign for my slave (as I shall now call
him) to look at him. At this he spoke
to me, and though I could not make out
what he said, yet it gave me a shock of
joy; for it was the first sound of a man's

Robinson Crusoe

voice that I .had heard, for all the years
I had been on the isle.
The man whom I had struck with
the stock of my gun, sat up; and my
slave, who was in great fear of him,
made signs for me to lend him my
sword, which hung in a belt'at my side.
With this he ran up to the man, and
with one stroke cut off his head. When
he had done this, he brought me back
my sword with a laugh, and put it down
in front of me. I did not like to see the
glee with which he did it, and I did not
feel that my own life was quite safe with
such a man.
He, in his turn, could but lift up his
large brown hands with awe, to think
that I had put his foe to death, while I
stood so far from him. But as to the
sword, he and the rest of his tribe made
use of swords of wood, and this was

Tke Slave.

why he knew so well how to wield mine.
He made signs to me to let him go and
see the man who had been shot; and
he gave him a turn round, first on this
side, then on that; and when he saw
the wound made in his breast by the
shot, he stood quite still once more, as
if he had lost his wits. I made signs
for him to come back, for my fears told
me that the rest of the men might come
in search of their friends.
I did not like to take my slave to
my house, nor to my cave; so I threw
down some straw from the rice plant for
him to sleep on, and gave him some.
bread and a bunch of dry grapes to eat.
He was a fine man, with straight strong
limbs, tall, and young. His hair was
thick, like wool, and black. His head
was large and high; and he had bright
black eyes. He.was of a dark brown

Robinson Crusoe

hue; his face was round, and his nose
small, but not flat; he had a good
mouth with thin lips, with which he
could give a soft smile; and his teeth
were as white as snow.
I had been to milk my goats in the
field close by, and when he saw me, he
ran to me, and lay down on the ground
to show me his thanks. He then put
his head on the ground, and set my foot
on his head, as he had done-at first.
He took all the means he could think
of, to let me know that he would serve
me all his life; and I gave a sign to
show that I thought well of him.
The next thing was to think of some
name to call him by. I chose that of the
sixth day of the week (Friday), as he
came to me on that day. I took care
not to lose sight of him all that night,
and when the sun rose, I made signs

Gives Clothes to his Slave.

for him to come to me, that I might
give him some clothes, for he wore
none. We then went up to the top of
the hill, to look out for the men; but as
we could not see them, or their boats, it
was clear that they had left the isle.
My slave has since told me that they
had had a great fight with the tribe that
dwelt next to them; and that all those
men whom each side took in war were
their own by right. My slave's foes had
four who fell to their share, of whom he
was one.
I now set to york to make my man a
cap of hare's skin, and gave him a goat's
skin to wear round his waist. It was a
great source of pride to him, to find that
his clothes were as good as my own.
At night, I kept my guns, sword, and
bow close to my side; but there was
no need for this, as my slave was, in

Robinson Crusoe.

sooth, most true to me. He did all that
he was set to do, with his whole heart
in the work; and I knew that he would
lay down his life to save mine. What
could a man do more than that ? And
oh, the joy to have him here to cheer
me in this lone isle!
I did my best to teach him, so like a
child as he was, to do and feel all that
was right. I found him apt, and full of
fun; and he took great pains to learn all
that I could tell him. Our lives ran on
in a calm, smooth way; and, but for the
vile feasts which were held on the shores,
I felt no wish to leave the isle.
As my slave had by no means lost his
zest for these meals, it struck me that'
the best way to cure him, was to let him
taste the flesh of beasts ; so I took him
with me one day to the wood for some
sport. I saw a she-goat, in the shade,

Friday dnd the Gun.

with her two kids. I caught Friday by
the arm, and made signs to him not
to stir, and then shot one of the kids;
but the noise of the gun gave the poor
man a great shock. He did not see the
kid, nor did he know that it was dead.
He tore his dress off his breast to feel if
there was a wound there; then he knelt
down to me, and took hold of my knees
to pray of me not to kill him.
To show poor Friday that his life was
quite safe, I led him by the hand, and
told him to fetch the kid. By and by,
Isaw a hawk in a tree, so I bade him
look at the gun, the hawk, and the
ground; and then I shot the bird. But
my poor slave gave still more signs of
fear this time, than he did at first: for he
shook from head to foot. He must
have thought that some fiend of death
dwelt in the gun, and I think that he
G 2

Robinson Crusoe.

would have knelt down to it, as well as
to me; but he would n6t so much as
touch the gun for some time, though he
would speak to it when he thought I
was not near. Once he told me that
what he said to it was to ask it not to
kill him.
I brought home the bird, and made
broth of it. Friday was much struck to
see me eat salt with it, and made a wry
face; but I, in my turn, took some that
had no salt with it, and I made a wry
face at that. The next day I gave him
a piece of kid's flesh, which I had hung
by a string in front of the fire to roast.
My plan was to put two poles, one on
each side of the fire, and a stick on the
top of them to hold the string. When
my slave came to taste the flesh, he took
the best means to let me know how
good he thought it.

Friday learns to make Bread.

The next day I set him to beat out
and sift some corn. I let him see me
make the bread, and he soon did all the
work. I felt quite a love for his true,
warm heart, and he soon learnt to talk
to me. One day I said, Do the men
of your tribe win in fight ?" He told
me, with a smile, that they did. "Well,
then," said I, How came .they to let
their foes take you ?"
"They run one, two, three, and make
go in the boat that time."
Well, and what do the men do with
those they take ?" *
Eat them all up."
This was not good news for me, but
I went on, and said, "Where do they
take them ?"
Go to next place where they think."
Do they come here?"
"Yes, yes, they come here, come else
place too."

Robinson Crusoe.

"Have you been here with them
twice ?"
"Yes, come there."
He meant the North West side of
the isle, so to this spot I took him the
next day. He knew the place, and told
me he was there once with a score of
men. To let me know this, he put a
score of stones all of a row, and made
me count them.
Are not the boats lost on your shore
now and then?" He said that there
was no fear, and that no boats were lost.
He told me that up a great way by the
moon-that is where the moon then
came up-there dwelt a tribe of white
men like me, with beards. I felt sure
that they must have come from Spain,
to work the gold mines. I put this to
him: "Could I go from this isle and
join those men ?"

Friday tells of White Men.

"Yes, yes, you may go in two
It was hard to see how one man
could go in two boats, but what he
meant was, a boat twice as large as my
One day I said to my slave, Do
you know who made you ?"
But he could not tell at all what
these words meant. So I said, Do
you know who-made the sea, the ground
we tread oo, the hills, and woods?"
He said it was Beek, whose home was
a great way off, and that he was so old,
that the sea and the land were not so
old as he.
If this old man has made all things,
why do not all things bow down to
him ?"
My slave.gave a.grave look, and said,
"All things say '0' to him."

Robinson Crusoe.

"Where do the men in your land go
when they die?"
'- All go to Beek."
I then held my hand up to the sky to
point to it, and said, God dwells there.
He made the world, and all things in it.
The moon and the stars are the work of
his hand. God sends the wind and the
rain on the earth, and the streams that
flow: He hides the face of the sky with
clouds, makes the grass to grow for the
beasts of the field, and herbs-for the use
of man. God's love knows no end.
When we pray, He draws near to us
and hears us."
It was a real joy to my poor slave
to hear me talk of these things. He
sat still for a long time, then gave a
sigh, and told me that he would say
" to Beek no more, for he was but
a short way off, and yet could not hear,

Tells Friday of God. 89
till men went up the hill to speak to
Did you go up the hill to speak to
him?" said I.
No, Okes go up to Beek, not young
"What do Okes say to him?"
"They say '0.'"
Now that I brought my man Friday
to know that Beek was not the true
God, such was the sense he had of my
worth, that I had fears lest I should
stand in the place of Beek. I did my
best to call forth his faith in Christ, and
make it strong and clear, till at last-
thanks be to the Lord-I brought him
to the love of Him, with the whole grasp
of his soul.
To please my poor slave, I gave him
a sketch of my whole life; I told him
where I was born, and where I spent

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