The Miami times.


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The Miami times.
Uniform Title:
Miami times
Physical Description:
Miami times
The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
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Spatial Coverage:
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25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )


General Note:
"Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note:
"Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note:
Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note:
Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
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Full Text

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PO BOX 117007


-Photo by Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post via Getty Images
From the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, thousands can be seen gathered at the 50th anniversary of the 1963 March on Washington at the Lincoln Memorial, where Dr. Martin Luther King,
Jr., delivered his famous 'I Have A Dream' speech on the National Mall, on Saturday, August, 24, in Washington, D.C.

Bond: March's unmet challenges, 5 decades later

By Susan Page
WASHINGTON Fifty years
ago, he was a 23-year-old
working behind the scenes at
the March on Washington, de-
livering speech texts tojournal-
ists and Coca-Cola to Sammy
Davis Jr. ("Thanks, kid," the
actor responded to his delight)
Now Julian Bond, a patri-
arch of the civil rights _
movement, remembers a
powerful day, a half-cen-
tury of progress and an
agenda he says has not yet
been fulfilled.
For one thing, he said
on Capital Download, USA
TODAY's newsmaker video
series, "the title was the
March on Washington for
Jobs and Freedom." Then, as
now, black unemployment is
far higher than white unem-
ployment, "but I think people
forgot -that jobs were part of

the equation."
For another, housing in the
United States continues to be
largely segregated. "Even to-
day, 50 years from the March
on Washington, white people
tend to live over here; black
people tend to live over there.
And as long as you live in sep-
arate places, you don't know
each other. You can't have ac-

thing that has been neglected
by the civil rights movement."
Still, he says the March on
Washington huge and peace-
ful had "a rosy impact." The
Civil Rights Act of 1964 would
not have been passed without
Please turn to MARCH 10A

-AP Photo/File
In this Aug.28,1963 file photo,the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., head of the Southern Christian Leadership
Conference, speaks to thousands during his "I Have a Dream"; speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial for the
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, in Washington. Actor-singer Sammy Davis Jr., is at bottom right.

Syria "will defend itself'
Obama weighing options that Bashar Assad's regime was
d l s behind a purported poison
include missile strike gas attack to false American

By Albert Aji
Syria's foreign minister
said last Tuesday his country
would defend itself using "all
means available" in case of a
U.S. strike, denying his gov-
ernment was behind an alleged
chemical weapons attack near
Damascus and challenging
Washington to present proof

backing up its accusations.
The United Nations said that
its team of chemical weapons
experts in Syria delayed a sec-
ond trip to investigate an al-
leged poison gas attack near
Damascus by one day for se-
curity reasons. Walid al-Moal-
lem, speaking at a press con-
ference in Damascus, likened
U.S. allegations that President

charges that Iraq possessed
weapons of mass destruction
before the 2003 U.S.-led inva-
sion of that country.
"They have a history of lies
- Iraq," he said. Al-Moallem
spoke a day after U.S. Secre-
tary of State John Kerry said
there was"undeniable" evi-
dence of a large-scale chemi-
cal attack likely launched by
Please turn to SYRIA 10A

March commemorations miss the mark

We need to focus less on Trayvon Martin and stop-and-
frisk and more on Black-on-Black violence

By DeWayne Wickham
I don't know what to make
of this remembrance of the
1963 March on Washington -
one of the civil rights move-
ment's most propitious and

catalytic events.
I don't know why the focus
on this important anniver-
sary was watered down with
multiple, commemorative
marches one on Wednesday,
the actual anniversary, and

the other four days earlier
on a day that had no historic
relevance. I suspect it had to
do with competition for the
national spotlight and not the
excuse offered up by some
that the original march took

H place on a Satur-
day. It didn't.
I can't figure
out whether
the Republican
National Com-
mittee's decision
WICKHAM to hold its own
observance of the
1963 March on Washington
for Jobs and Freedom is a bad

joke, or a cynical diversion
from its efforts to frustrate
and intimidate black voters.
What else should I make of a
luncheon the GOP plans for
Monday, when there will be,
no doubt, endless talk of how
Martin Luther King opposed
affirmative action. That's the
Republicans' misread of the
"I Have a Dream" speech the

civil rights icon gave at the
1963 march.
That day, Dr. King said he
dreamed a time would come
when his four children "will
not be judged by the color of
their skin but by the content
of their character." That was
his dream. But his reality was
very different.
Please turn to MISS 10A

II 8 90158 0010 0




King had a dream and

an important agenda
L incoln's Emancipation Proclamation did free slaves
in the states that seceded. He had to prod, cajole,
bribe and browbeat Congress to free the rest.
And the Rev. Dr. King did have a "dream" that he de-
scribed eloquently at the historic March on Washington
for Jobs and Freedom 50 years ago. But more important,
he had an agenda.
He described his dream so powerfully and memorably in
the concluding portion of his 16-minute speech that it has
been too easy for the rest of us to. forget the agenda that he
laid out in the earlier part.
That's understandable.
The magnetic invitation of King's majestic words, deliv-
ered with a drumbeat refrain of "I have a dream...," quite
properly deserves a top-shelf position in the canon of
American oratory.
With generous references to the Gettysburg Address, the
Emancipation Proclamation, the Declaration of Indepen-
dence and the Constitution, King grounded his speech,
not in radical notions of social change but as a fulfillment
of the nation's founders' noblest ideals. His dream, as he
put it, was "as old as the American dream."
And the story of how its closing "dream" refrain almost
didn't happen has become legendary in civil rights circles.
As Clarence B. Jones, who helped King draft speeches,
describes it, King had major-megaton case of writer's block
over how to end his speech. He was the final speaker of the
day and wanted to leave his audiences on the Washing-
ton Mall, in the White House and in homes across America
inspired. But how?
As he reached the end of his remarks in front of the huge
crowd King and began to improvise, the answer came in a
woman's voice. The iconic gospel queen Mahalia Jackson
shouted over the crowd: "Tell them about the dream, Mar-
He did. Like an oratorical jazz musician he smoothly
segued into an improvised version of the "dream" refrain
that he had used to great effect in speeches earlier that
year. It has since come to define King's entire career in
our collective memory, especially this often-quoted line: "I
have a dream that my four little children will one day live
in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of
their skin but by the content of their character."
Conservatives in particular like to quote that line to ar-
gue against any social policies or programs that would
take race into account. Yet using King's "dream" to argue
against race-based remedies is almost as intellectually
dishonest as quoting Lincoln to argue in favor of slavery.
When King talks earlier his speech, for example, about
Sthe "promissory note" that the founders wrote in this na-
tion's founding documents, he wasn't talking about a used
car loan.
To see King's agenda detailed on that special day 50
years ago you have to turn to the organizing manual for
the march. It listed 10 demands. Seven concerned issues of
racial discrimination that were fulfilled in the civil rights,
voting rights and fair housing legislation that President
Lyndon Johnson would sign into law with strong Re-
publican support, by the way, to get past stiff resistance
from Southern segregationist Democrats.
Southern conservatives have since found a new home in
the party of Abraham Lincoln. Political history is full of
Yet three of the march's 10 demands concerned econom-
ic issues that remain timely today and not just for African
Americans: A raise in the national minimum wage, an ex-
pansion of the Fair Labor Standards Act and "a massive
federal program to train and place all workers Negro
and white on meaningful and dignified jobs at decent
Conservatives on talk radio and cable TV praise King's
memory today. But if he were still around, I imagine they
would be accusing him of waging "class warfare" and
"playing the race card." Names change but the political
game stays the same. Clarence Page


l eMiami T~imes?


ISN 0739-0319)
blIshed Weekly at 900 NW 54th Street,
ami, Florida 33127-1818
st Office Box 270200 -
ena Vista Station. Miami, Florida 33127
'one 305-694-6210

E. SIGISMUND REEVES. Founder, 1923-1968 2
kRTH C. REEVES, JR., Editor, 1972-1982
4RTH C. REEVES, SR., Publisher Emeritus U
kCHEL J. REEVES, Publisher and Chairman

Member of National Newspaper Publisher Association
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The Black Press believes that America can best lead the
world from racial and national antagonism when it accords to
every person, regardless of race, creed or color, his or her
human and legal rights. Hating no person, fearing no person,
the Black Press strives to help every person In the firm belief
that all persons are hurt as long as anyone is held back.

Mf^ j Afcti r
A-- M--AjabMisft

^ vIm^

Republicans still living in fantasyland
The make-believe crusade by who has brains beneath all that Obama is. willing to nullify the make'a cam
publicity hound Republicans bombast, surely knows, biggest legislative accomplish- the South
to somehow stop Obamacare is Congress needs to pass a con- ment of his presidency, whipping u]
one of the most cynical politi- tinuing resolution to fund the So with the bill vetoed and no GOP base.
cal exercises we've seen in many government beyond Sept. 30, authorization to spend money, that paintir
years. And that, my friends, is the end of the fiscal year. The much of the gvernent would end of 'A.i
saying something, idea, if you can call it one, is have to shut down, .. is an effect
Charlatans are peddling the that Republicans can refuse to This gambit damaged the Re- to rebrahd
fantasy that somehow they can pass any funding bill that con- publican Party back when Newt- 'away from
prevent the Patient Protection tains money for implementing Gingrich tried it. In today's toxic- lican'-ortho
and Affordable Care Act from Obamacare. political climate, with approv- la-la Ilaid;
becoming what it already is: the Theoretically, Republicans* al ratings for Congress sink- fndrhia- g
law of the land. Congress passed could pull this off in the House, ing toward the single digits, It thscrazy-
it, President Obamna signed it, where they hold the: major-: could be catastrophic. As thJr6s.: $e very 'T
the Supreme Court upheld it, ity. But the chance that a bill stand, Democrats have an uphill might end'
and many of its provisions are stripped of money for the Af- struggle next year to win the 17 for the He
already in force and others will fordable Care Act could make it House seats they need to regain coffers.
soon take effect, through the Senate, where Dem- the majority. If the GOP forces a The GOI
No matter how contemptuous ocrats hold power, is precisely shutdown, however, Democrats' blinking lik
they may be about Obamacare, zero. The chance that a House- chances might get better.: fund Obam
opponents have only two viable Senate conference would starve The basic elements of Obam- -p6rt among
options: Repeal it or get over it. Obamacare to death, while Sen. acare -- including the mandate Sriate. "I'Tn
Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, the Harry Reid, D-Nev., remains the that compels individuals to'" buy, acaeie, buit
Canadian-American who ap- majority leader, is also zero. health insurance or pay a fine" government
,pears to be running for presi- And if by some miracle such a originated in' conservative acree" Min
dent, has grabbed headlines and bill were to make it to Obama's think tanks, including the Heri- kcConnel;
airtime by being the loudest ad- desk, the chance he would sign stage Foundation. So it is beyond drmonsttat
vocate of an alleged third option: it is (BEG ITAL)way(END ITAL) ironic that Heritage under its Eugene R
Congress could refuse to fund less than zero. To swallow the new leader, former Sen. Jim De- Prize-winnin
Obamacare, thereby starving it snake oil that Cruz and some Mint i- s piishing hard for the umnist and
and effectively killing it. This is other hard-right conservatives defund-Obamacare suicide leap. -managing e
a ridiculous fantasy, as Cruz, are peddling, you have to believe DeMint has gone so far as to ton Post.

nppign svWuLnrfufgff
and .the Midwest,
p support among the
And we also know
ig Obamacare as the
erica as'.we know it
tiv. way fro-.peMipt
Heijtage, m6YU 4it
mainstream Repub-
doxy tea pa ty
go Bil'in-"fand;
v 1E;sp' pt mises to
4 ot but it
up being very good
heritage Foundation's

P establishment is
e crazy.' Trying to de-
acare.has little up-
g. Republicad-'ilaie
Sfor stoppine'.bai.b-
-.shutting dow-. the
i will not stop Obmn-
.ority Leader Mitch
,R-1.,' said recently,
ing a grasp Qf rtofy.
Robinson is a Pulitzer
ig newspaper.. col-
the former assistant
ditor of The nVashing-
": i !


Obama's new plan for American colleges

President Obama wants to fun-
damentally change American high-
er education, creating effectively a
Consumer Reports for colleges that
would rank them on quality and
then making it cheaper for stu-
dents to attend schools the govern-
ment deems the most effective at
educating and training students.
In a pair of speeches on last
Thursday and Friday, Obama, ac-
cording to administration officials,
will seek far-reaching education
changes that are in some ways
modeled on the health care law he
signed three years ago.
The administration's basic cri-
tique is that colleges continue to
increase tuition, driving up costs
for students, parents and the gov-
ernment, with very little account-
ability or regard to whether stu-
dents are learning more or getting
jobs after graduating.
In the current system, schools
are basically ranked (by US News
& World Report in particular) on

how many students they reject and
have little incentive to hold down
costs. Parents have almost no way
of learning how likely their kids are
to graduate in four years, eventu-
ally pay off their loans and get a
job, or which schools are best at
that. And the federal government
effectively hands the schools $150
billion a year with no strings at-
tached through financial aid that
is provided to each student.
What the administration would
do is first, by the end of next year,
set up some kind of universal
standards to judge schools. They
would of course consider that
historically-Black colleges and
state schools admit children who
are less wealthy and prepared to
graduate in four years than Har-
vard students. But the idea would
be for a system that measures col-
leges b, .ome objective criteria
that considers affordability and
outcomes (like graduation rates)
and then publicizes that informa-

tion, empowering parents to'kmow
which schools may not be 1morth
$30,000 a year or how a state
school might be a better option
than a more brand-nanme private.
Obama also wants to eventually
tie government aid, to these rank-
ings. In other words, if you wanted
to attend a school that the gov-
ernment ranked as ineffective in
graduating students and whose
graduates tended to default on
their student loans, the govern-
ment would give you a $4,000 Pell
Grant, but if you choose a school
with higher ratings, you could re-
ceive a $5,000 Pell Grant.
These ideas would address one
of the biggest challenges in Ameri-
can public policy. The average
American college graduate today
leaves with more than $25,000 in
debt and often struggles to find a
job afterward.
But this proposal, like much of
what Obama has proposed over


MLK did not march to Washington
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Lewis of the Student Nonviolent was assassinated as he stood in
wasn't there by himself. Coordinating Committee; and the driveway of his home, and
On that sweltering sunlit day James Farmer of the Congress two weeks before Klan extrem-
of August 28, 1963, King and the of Racial Equality; or the organi- ists in Birmingham, Ala. dyna-
other leaders of the national civil national genius of Bayard Rustin mited the Sixteenth Street Bap-
rights organizations didn't stand to say they didn't build the Civil tist Church during its Sunday
at the Lincoln Memorial and Rights Movement of the 1950s School hour, killing four young
speak their powerful words to an and 1960s by themselves. Black girls.
empty outdoor auditorium of the The masses of Black Americans I've always considered the
National Mall. and their few allies among other three most metaphorical events
They spoke to the masses of the Americans those who stood of the Movement to have been
movement a quarter-million on the front lines and those who the Montgomery Bus Boycott
strong in Washington that day, worked behind the scenes did. of 1955; the Little Rock (Ark.)
and millions more glued to televi- They did so by their work, largely school desegregation effort of
sion sets and radios around the out of the somewhat protective 1957; and the first attempt by
country. And they spoke to white spotlight of the national media, in civil rights activists in Selma,
America for the masses of the scores of Southern cities, towns Ala. to march from Selma to
movement. It in no way diminish- and hamlets. And they did so at Montgomery to demand the right
es the oratorical, intellectual and a great cost. to vote:
tactical brilliance of King; Whit- The sugary sentimentality that Of course, the Movement's na-
ney M. Young, Jr. of the National often obscures the reality of the tional leadership understood the
Urban League; Roy Wilkins of the civil rights movement era gloss- role of the masses better than
NAACP; A. Philip Randolph of the es over the fact that the March anyone. So, King, in his historic
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Por- itself was bracketed by two ter- speech paid homage to them in
ters, the famous Black union of rible acts of racial violence. It words that are still too little re-
Pullman railroad porters; Doro- occurred just two months after called: 'I am not unmindful that
thy I. Height of the National Medgar Evers, the NAACP's fear- some of you have come here out
Council of Negro Women; John less Mississippi field secretary, of great trials and tribulations.

the last year, will ,fae hea
sition. A system thatranks schools
with grades like "A" or'"B" would be
very helpful to parent but would
Face considerable op#psition from
universities' A system' universities
would like, tnat vaguely describes
the costs and graduation rates' of
various schools, would be of little
use to parents.
While Obama would like to see
these changes implemented now,
his speech also has a different
goal: starting a conversation about
how to reform college costs that
will emanate in states and univer-
sities and continue even after he
leaves offices,
The core ideas the president is
expressing now could grow in in-
fluence and support, turn into a
consensus, and eventually be put
- into law by the next Democratic or
ven.' Republidan president.
Perry Bacoh, Jr. is the political
editor of NBC's and an
MSNBC contributor.

Some of you have'come-fre-FM
from narrow cells. Some of you
have come from areas where
your quest'for freedom left you
battered by the storms of per-
secution and staggered by the
winds of police brutality. You
hive been the veterans of cre-
ative suffering. Continue to work
with the faith that unearned suf-
fering is redemptive."
Tragically, they would for
some years after that continue to
endure such "unearned suffer-
ing." So, as America marked the
hallowed moment of the 1963
March on Washington, let us
remember not only who was on
the podium but also who made
up the vast throng surrounding
the Lincoln Memorial the ones
who in equal measure made it
an event for the ages.
Lee A. Daniels is a longtime
journalist based in New York
City. His latest book is Last
Chance: The Political Threat to
Black America.

O. Fom iy Stving Dod. cM Bod Con SncI 1923







It's time for us to march on Tallahassee

: .'-,, r .'^e % -.

| I W AT TO w saiPS O[LL



such a notion is no more than
a delusion. Neither affirmative
action nor the establishment of
the Equal Employment Oppor-
tunity Commission have been
enough to guarantee Blacks

continue to fight for our rights
and to protect the progress
that has been made during the
civil rights movement. We must
unite as one in our local com-
munities before moving outside

After the death of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the
spark that fueled the civil rights movement was sadly

rights that are promised in
clear view in the Constitution
and the Amendments. Thus,
while some of us have made
great strides forward, the truth
remains that until we as a peo-
ple are free, none of us are free.
Just ask Oprah Winfrey.
As Americans, we understand
that the fight for civil rights and
equal opportunities will always
be relevant. Therefore, we must

of our communities. We still
have many reasons to march
and protest -just as we did
during the turbulent 60s. We
must be willing to march now,
just as we were then.
Last week buses loaded with
Floriaians traveled hundreds
of miles to commemorate the
50th anniversary of the March
on Washington. For some it
was their first time being en-

FL's education system needs major ov

SThere is always controversy
in the state of Florida, and
everyone can find something
wrong with the educational
system. Some people don't like
the'FCAT testing system, and
many say the school grading
system is a forest. Still oth-
ers are upset because the new
Education Commissioner Tony
Bennett was forced to resign.
This gives the pundits room
to criticize the governor, even
though Florida's educational
system is ranked number five
in the U.S., according to the
latest annual "Quality Counts"
This report was released, in
August by Education Week
and was probably music to Mr.
Scott's ears. Florida has moved
up in the rankings after being
number eight last year and
number 11 the year before.
But who cares about such sta-

After, high school graduation
rates and test scores are quite
poor and are among the worst
in the U.S. One reason Flori-
da ranked so high in Ed Week
is because- based on some of
the best indicators of student
progress,- few states are im-

ity education that emphasizes
critical thinking and analysis.
Our teachers and schools need
our support as we continue to
compete nationally and glob-
ally in preparing students for
success' in college, career and
in life."

Many of the leaders have different opinions of what
needs to be done to improve the system, but there is
no general consensus. The summit is a great first step
to initiate a dialogue with stakeholders, policymakers, lawmakers
and educational advocates.

proving faster.
Scott promises to find solu-
tions to our myriad of prob-
"Florida's educational ac-
countability system has be-
come a national model, but we
are at a critical point in our
history," he says. "Our stu-
dents need and deserve a qual-

The governor has announced
the convening of a three-day
summit which began last Mon-
day with a 36-person guest
list. The interim Educational
Commissioner Pam Stewart
will lead the summit, and the
list includes lawmakers, union
leaders, superintendents,
teachers, education advocates,

Last week, people from all
across America gathered in
Washington D.C., to march for
equal rights and opportunities.
The marchers demonstrated
against the social injustices,
disparities and lack of oppor-
tunities that black and brown
people in the U.S. face every
day. The march and the protests
were reminiscent of events that
took place during the 1960s.
After the death of the Rev.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the
spark that fueled the civil rights
movement was sadly extin-
guished. In a sense, the move-
ment came to a slow but inevi-
table halt. Perhaps the reason is
because some people, including
many Blacks, believed that they
have finally achieved equal-
ity in this nation. But looking
at life in 2013, we realize that

August 28, 1963: A day to always remember

Is reducing the sentences for non-

violent drug offenders a wise move?
Miami, food distributor Miami, unemployed

"This is a good move. At times
people go to
jail for small
drug charg-
es and when
they get out
they can't find
good jobs be-
cause of it." I

Miami, service tech

"I think it's the right move be-
cause I know
it's hard for
ex-felons to
make a living.
I think its cra- g
zy that they
become ex-fel-
ons for things
as minor as a
drug offense."

Miami, teacher

'I think it's a great move only
if the person
has been re-
habilitated. It
wouldn't make
any sense to
let that person
out if they're
going back to
the same rou-

"Yes. Some
a second
chance. Many
people in jail
right now are
in for minor
cases which is
a waste of time
and space."

people deserve

Miami, clerk warrant

"I think it's the right move.
These facili-
ties are over-
crowded with
people in jail
for really small
reasons. The
laws, enforced
for such small
crimes are
really back-
wards. Real offenders of real
crime need to be placed in jail."

Miami, unemployed

"It's a good
move, espe-
cially for our
Black men.
They deserve
good jobs, but
can't find any
because of
petty criminal charges."

I was one of 250,000-plus
protesters at the Aug. 28,
1963, March on Washington.
The march, now celebrated
largely because of the dra-
matic speech made by Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., was
more contentious than most
recall. The organization I
worked for then, the Stu-
dent Nonviolent Coordinat-
ing Committee [SNCC], was
one of the march's sponsors.
Our chairman, John Lewis,
now a Georgia congressman,
and the surviving presenter
of the march, was scheduled
to give a speech that was cen-
sored by the Kennedy admin-
istration. The administration,
anxious at the prospect of
thousands of Black people de-
scending on the Capitol, took
extraordinary steps to neuter
the march. They put judges

on round-the-clock standby
to handle the many anticipat-
ed arrests (there were four),
closed government offices,
banned liquor sales, and sent
150 FBI agents to mingle in
the crowds. In the eventual-
ity of militants rushing the
platform, they planned to cut
off the loudspeakers at the
Lincoln Memorial arid replace
the broadcast with a Maha-
lia Jackson recording. There
were unintended benefits
from the administration's
fears. Washington's police
cars were integrated for the
first time and Attorney Gen-
eral Robert Kennedy forbade
the use of police dogs fear-
ing they would summon up
ugly memories of the Bir-
mingham protests just weeks
Lewis's speech was censored

Keeping air travel competitive
n a federal lawsuit filed National near Washington.
on Tuesday, the Justice The Justice Department esti-
Department makes a mates that consumers would
strong and convincing case for pay hundreds of millions of
why the proposed merger of dollars more in fares and fees
American Airlines and US Air- if the airlines were allowed to
ways should be blocked under merge.
antitrust laws. The airlines have argued
The deal would create the that the deal would allow
world's largest airline, reduce them td compete more ef-
competition and undoubtedly fectively against United and
lead to higher fares and fewer Delta, which have come to
flights. The two airlines have dominate the industry after
more than 1,000 overlapping merging with other airlines in
domestic routes and together recent years. But American
control a large majority of the and US Airways have it back-
traffic at important airports ward. Those earlier mergers
like Dallas-Fort Worth Inter- are precisely the reason this
national and Ronald Reagan consolidation is a problem.

at the behest of the Catholic
Archbishop, acting at the re-
quest of the administration.
The prelate threatened not to
deliver the march's benedic-
tion unless Lewis changed his
remarks. Only an appeal from
the civil rights movement's
grand old man, A. Philip Ran-
dolph, whose vision prompt-
ed the march, saved the day.
Lewis changed his speech
and peace prevailed.
Of course, I remember
King's speech. For the first
time, white Americans were
hearing an unedited, irrefut-
able argument from a Black
orator about why Blacks
were discontented with their
lot and were determined to
continue their protests un-
til change occurred. I knew
thousands heard King in per-
son, but I had no idea how

Fares and fees have increased
across the industry and espe-
cially on routes where merg-
ers reduced competition in the
last five years. Since 2008,
Delta merged with Northwest,
United combined with Con-
tinental and Southwest took
over AirTran. Allowing anoth-
er merger would concentrate
power in four big carriers,
down from five.
Mergers have also increased
the, dominance of the big car-
riers in their hub airports. Not
surprisingly, the attorneys
general of Arizona, Florida,
Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Tex-
as, Virginia, and the District
of Columbia most of which
have airports with a large
number of American or US
Airways flights have joined
in the Justice Department

many were gathered there
until I saw the next's days
newspaper estimates. ,In ad-
dition, I knew all three net-
works that existed at the time
had carried the speech, and
thousands upon thousands
more had heard King's mes-
sage. I knew I had been at an
important event, and that the
racial needle had moved in
my direction. It is still a mo-
mentous occasion, 50 years
Julian Bond was chairman
of the NAACP Board of Di-
rectors from February 1998
until February 2010. and is
now chairman emeritus. He
is a Distinguished Scholar in
the School of Government at
American University in Wash-
ington, D.C., and a professor
emeritus in history at the Uni-
versity of Virginia.

lawsuit, knowing the merger
would hurt consumers in their
states. At Reagan National, for
instance, the combined airline
would control 69 percent of all
takeoff and landing slots.
US Airways has been an ag-
gressive discounter on routes
where it only offers connect-
ing service to attract busi-
ness away from carriers with
nonstop service. That would
change if it joined with Ameri-
Recent mergers have made
airlines bigger and more prof-
itable but have left travelers
with fewer choices and higher
fares. There is little regulators
can do to reverse those trends,
but they can make sure the
competition that still exists is
not further weakened.
-New York Times

gaged in civil unrest. For oth-
ers protesting has been some-
thing they've done all of their
lives. But we shouldn't wait
for national marches in D.C.
to voice our displeasure. We
need to march on the powers
that be right here in Florida
-now. We must take to the
streets and march for equal
rights and social justice for
all. We must march for our civ-
il rights, restoration of rights,
equal rights, common sense
gun laws, immigration reform,
peace and justice in our local
communities before we get on
another bus unless that bus
is headed towards Tallahas-
see. "
Queen Brown is a freelance
writer, a motivational speaker
and a trained crime victim's


and parents. The summit will
focus on four main topics: the
new Common Core education
standards; the test that will
eventually replace the Florida
Comprehensive Assessment
Tests. [FCAT], ; the school
grading, system; and teacher
evaluations. Even though the
Florida Educational System
was rated No. 5 in Ed Week,
there are some serious flaws
in the current system. Many
of the leaders have different
opinions of what needs to ,be
done to improve the system,
but there is no general consen-
sus. The summit is a great first
S.step to initiate a dialogue with
stakeholders, policymakers,
lawmakers and educational
advocates. I just hope that the
views and needs of Blacks are
represented at the summit.
Roger Caldwell is the CEO
of On Point Media Group in Or-


Commissioner Barbara Jordan, middle, stands with interns from the 2013 class of the Summer Youth Internship Initiative (SYII).

Youth get a taste of the real world
- As "i ow _I ... --

Local businesses

provide dollars

and mentors

Tenri Williams, president and
chief operating officer of OneUnit-
ed Bank, made a recent invest-
ment in several Miami Gardens
youth that is guaranteed to net a
positive return. In July, Williams
made the decision to co-sponsor
Miami-Dade County Commis-
sioner Barbara Jordan's annual
Summer Youth Internship Initia-
tive (SYII). This program allows
high school and collegiate stu-
dents to gain real-world experi-
ence in the workplace during an
eight to 10-week period.
"This internship program is
productive because of strategic
partnerships that we have formed
with businesses in Miami-Dade
County," Jordan said. "It is an
effective tool used to identify as-
sertive students who are eager to
learn about business etiquette,
workforce operations and skills
that will enhance their careers."
Maurice McDaniel, a, 17-year
old student at Miami Norland Se-

-Photos courtesy of Commissioner Barbara Jordan Students listen attentively as Commissioner Jordan wel-
Teri Williams, president of OneUnited Bank, shares several team-building exercises with participants. comes them to the SYII program. .

nior High School, is one of 28 stu-
dents who participated in the SYII
program. He noted that the pro-
fessional advice from corporate
executives during the orientation
session helped him make sound
decisions during his internship
at the Greater Miami Convention
and Visitors Bureau.
"I learned about the travel in-
dustry and how many job op-
portunities were available in the
South Florida area," said Mc-
Daniel, who mainly worked with
the Black Hospitality Initiative.

"I applied the advice given from
one of the program mentors and
that made all the difference in the
According to McDaniel, he was
instructed to remain professional
at all times, learn' as much as he
could, and be respectful and ma-
ture, because that will take him a
long way. .
-Those words of wisdom were
instilled in McDaniel by Jerrell
Moore, Vice President and Chief
Diversity Officer for Burger King
Worldwide. Moore was one of

many corporate executives who
lectured the students before be-
ginning their internships. I,
Laila Muhammad-El. an' Ac-
counting major at Florida Me-
morial Unversitv, got a chance
to. apply her bookkeeping skills
during her internship at El Do-
rado Furniture. While working in
the event planning department,
Muhammad-El created a pro-
gram that allowed the planning
department staff to track their
Overwhelmingly, students in

SYIi's class of 2013 appreciated
their learning experience. For
some who weren't sure they de-
clared the right major, the intern-
ship was a deciding factor.
"The quality of the partici-
pants in the SYII," Williams said.
"We are honored to be a part of
this program and have agreed to
sponsor SYTI'again next year."
The Summer Youth Internship
Iniaative was sponsored in part
by: American Airlines, Annette
Willis Insurance Agency, Antioch
Missionary Bapust Church, D&N

Sports Inc., Dade County Federal
Credit 'Union, EAC Consulting,
El Dorado Furniture, Experience
Aviation, Fontainebleau Avia-
tion, GJB Projects, Greater Miami
Convention and Visitors Bureau,
Jesus People Ministries Interna-
tional, Miami Dade Expressway
Authority, North Dade Conmmu-
nity Development FCU, Office of
Commissioner Barbara Jordan,,
Orange Bowl Committee, Orion
Jet Center, Sun Life Stadium/Mi-
ami Dolphins and Warren Henry

- Ureidnt

-to appe fro

th arit


Miami Times staff report

In an adrenaline-rushing
demonstration of their com-
mitment to improve the lives of
Miami children and families,
hundreds of South Florid-
ians will go "Over the Edge"
on Sept. 6-7 and rappel 19
stories (200 meters) down the

JW Marriott Marquis Miami
[255 Biscayne Blvd. Way]
The second-annual event will
raise money and awareness
for Miami Children's Initiative
[MCI], a non-profit organiza-
tion whose goal is to improve
Liberty City by investing in
its children. Participants will
include local community, civic

and business leaders, elected
officials, celebrities, philan-
thropists, and members of the
general public.
This year the fundraiser
features a new twist: a social
media contest, "Wed Over the
Edge," to identify one lucky
couple who will exchange
wedding vows at the top of the

hotel rappelling.
"Based on the success of
our first 'Over the Edge' event
last year, we are receiving
tremendous interest in this
year's event and we expect to
have an even higher turnout,"
said Cecilia Gutierrez-Abety,
managing director of Miami
Children's Initiative. "It is

inspiring to see so many South
Floridians ready to literally go
'over the edge' for Liberty City's
children truly a testament.
to the importance of our mis-
"As part of our commitment
to give back to the community
and support organizations
working for a greater good, we

are excited to once again sup-
port Miami Children's Initiative
in bringing this exciting event
to South Florida," said Paul
Pebley, director of sales and
marketing at the JW Marriott
Marquis Miami.
Got to www.miamichild- for more

Wilson joins civil rights icon at D.C. march

Miami limes staff report ,

Congresswoman Frederica ~ 5 /
S. Wilson (FL-24) and tens of /
thousands of people gathered
at the National Mall in Wash-
ington,' D.C. last Saturday to
commemorate the 50th an-
niversary of the March on .....
Washington, where Dr. Mar-
tin Luther King, Jr. delivered
his famous and inspirational
speech, "I Have a Dream."
Wilson recalled how she felt
50 years as she listened to Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. giving his "I Have A Dream"
now iconic civil rights lead- speech during March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. __
ers call for freedom, justice,
equality and jobs. it comes to equal access to fully this commemorative
education, affordable hous- march will be a wake up call
"I remember that histonec ing and especially economic to Congress to act in the best
day and being deeply moved inclusion. We were fighting interest of the people to get
by the sight of all those pep- for jobs then and we are still our economy up and running
ping captivated by Dr. King's fighting for jobs now. Hope- and put people back to work." J__OS-

speech, which was a call to
action and a call for change," o fe
she said. "While there is no--PhotocourtesyofficeofFredericaWilson
doubt Blacks and other mi- CUTLINE: SALUTE TO A SOLDIER: Wilson (I) stands with
norities have made tremen- the Rev. Joseph Lowery (seated in chair), a time-tested civil rights
dous gains, there is still leaders who attended the 1963 march and founded the Southern A
much work to be.done when Christian Leadership Conference [SCLCI along with Dr. King. A M -







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Charges dropped in former Lieutenant

Governor Jennifer Carroll's taping case

By Gary Fineout
The Associated Press

TALLAHASSEE The tangled.
criminal case that included al-
legations of widespread illegal
taping and improper relation-
ships in the office of former
Florida Lt. Gov. Jennifer Carroll
is coming )o an end.
Prosecutors this week reached
a deal with Carroll'sformer aide
Carletha Cole that will result
in the charges being officially
dropped in 12 months if Cole
stays out of legal trouble.
Cole was arrested in 2011
and accused of giving a reporter
a secret recording containing a
conversation between Cole and
Carroll's chief of staff.
Under the agreement, Cole

must perform 50 hours of com-
munity service and avoid any
contact with Carroll's former
chief-of-staff John Konkus.
Konkus, like the rest of Carroll's
staff, left his job in state govern-
ment after the lieutenant gover-
nor resigned earlier this year.
State Attorney Willie Meggs
said the pre-trial diversion
agreement was one that his of-
fice had made from the "very be-
Carroll stepped down in
March after she was questioned
by law-enforcement investi-
gating a charity involved in an
alleged 'illegal gambling opera-
tion. Carroll provided public
relations work to the company
when she was a state legislator.
She has not been accused of

Former Florida Lt. Gov.
any wrongdoing.
The trial could have been po-
tentially embarrassing for the

administration of Gov. Rick
Scott since several former and
current employees were ordered
to testify.
Konkus had already given a
deposition in which he acknowl-
edged that he owned a smart
pen that was capable of taping
conversations. But he said he
used it for personal memos or
to record Carroll when she do-
ing a radio or television inter-
The tape recording at the
center of the criminal case was
placed on the website of The
Florida Times-Union. On it,
Konkus cpn be heard' saying
that Scott's chief of staff at the
time was afraid of Carroll. He
also complained that Scott "is
not leading."

Bent reaches plea deal in burglary case

By Rafael Olmeda

Matthew Bent pleaded no con-
test Wednesday to trespassing
and petty theft in a Broward
courtroom, closing the burglary
case that was the catalyst for the
2009 burning of Michael Brewer.
Bent, 18, has been in custody
since Oct. 2009, when he and
two classmates were accused of
attempting to murder Brewer,
then 15, by setting him on fire
in the parking lot of a Deerfield
Beach apartment complex.
The fiery attack, which drew
international attention, was
prompted by events that took
place at Brewer's home the day
before, according to prosecu-
tors. Bent had visited the Brewer
,home to collect on a disputed
$40 debt. According to testimony
at Bent's attempted murder trial
last year, Brewer refused to pay,
so Bent walked onto a porch and
tried to grab a custom bicycle
that belonged to Brewer's father.
Family members ordered Bent
off the property, and he left with-
out the bicycle. But the Brewer
family called police, and Bent
was arrested.
The attack on Brewer came the
next day. According to witnesses,
Bent offered money to one friend,
Denver Jarvis, to fight Brewer.
Jarvis poured a container of

S* -Taim9 Alvarez
.Matthew Bent, who was convicted of aggravated battery in
the burning of Michael Brewer, pleaded no contest Wednes-
day to resolve the burglary case that prosecutors say was-the
catalyst for the notorious attack.

rubbing alcohol on Brewer, and
another friend, Jesus Mendez,
set'Brewer on fire. Brewer sur-
vived by jumping into a swim-
ming pool
SJarvis and Mendez pleaded
no contest to second-degree at-

tempted murder charges. Bent
went to trial and was convicted
last year of aggravated battery
for his role in the attack. He was
sentenced to 11 years in prison.
He appealed his conviction,
but the looming burglary charge

prevented him from being able to
ask to be released on bond pend-
ing the appeal. Burglary is. a
second-degree felony punishable
by up to 15 years in prison. Bent
also faced a grand theft charge,
punishable by up to five years.
Trespassing and petty theft
are both misdemeanors, so Bent
won't face any additional jail
time because he has already
been in custody for nearly four
years. Bent also agreed not to
seek an appeal bond.
"I think this is the best pos-
sible resolution," said Bent's law-
yer, Assistant Public Defender'
Gordon Weekes. "Our client and
his family needed to move for-
ward, as well as the victims."
Brewer largely recovered from
the burning and moved to Palm
Beach County. Earlier this year,
he was arrested on drug posses-
sion charges and is now resolv-
inrig them through a court pro-
His grandmother, Reenie
Brewer, said his family is pleased
with the outcome of the burglary
"We finally have closure and
can really live our lives again,"
she said. "This type of pressure
takes a toll on everyone. It's nev-
er been our goal to be vindictive,
I think that was obvious with the
plea offers made."

Some prisons let inmates connect with tablets

By Kimberly Railey

Ohio became the latest state
last month to allow inmates to
purchase and use mini-tablet
computers while incarcerated -
a controversial move intended to
better connect those in jail with
their families and friends on the
At least six other states, in-
cluding North Dakota and Geor-
gia, permit the practice, which
proponents say will deepen
prisoners' ties to their commu-
nities and keep them in sync
with modern technology.
"We have anticipation and
hope to make it a good educa-
tional tool," said Ricky Seyfang,
spokeswoman for the Ohio De-
partment of Rehabilitation and
Opponents are concerned the

tablets will be used for illegal
activities or brandished as
"Our challenge is always how
we give inmates the exposure
to these tools while protect-
ing public safety at the same
time," said.Douglas Smith III,

tablchief information officer for thegal

Florida Department of Correc-
activitieons. Florida launcdished a pilot
weaprogram last year to test Kindlens.
"Our challenge is always how

devices for inmates the exposure
Victims' righttools while groups say thect-
devices making public safety in-at the same
time," said.Douglas Smith III,

creasfingly difficult to achieve.
Floristyda Depayroff, direct of Corre ofc-
communications. Florida launche Nationalot
Organization foyear Victim Assis-ndle
devices for inmates.
Victims' rights groups say the
devices make public safety in-
creasmngly difficult to achieve.
Kristy Dyroff, director of
communication at the National
Organization for Victim Assis-

Another vendor, Keefe Group,
launched an MP3 player and
music download service for
prisoners in 2009. The service
netted more than 1 million
downloads a year after it was
introduced, according to a news
release on its website.
. This month, Maryland Attor-
ney General Douglas Gansler
advocated for giving Android
tablets to prisoners as a solution
to close the "revolving door" of
ex-offenders returning to jail.

-Photo: Provided by JPay
The JP4 tablet allows inmates to send e-mails and listen to

tance, said there is the potential
for "unrestricted and unsuper-
vised outreach where inmates
can revictimize or continue to
intimidate victims."
More than four in 10 offend-
ers nationwide return to state
prison within three years of
their release, even as states are
spending more than $50 billion
yearly on corrections, according
to a 2011 Pew report.
In the seven states that allow
the tablets Louisiana, Vir-
ginia, Michigan and Washington
are the four others inmates or
their family members can pur-
chase a $49.99 mini-tablet that
allows them to send e-mails
and listen to music, according
to Tara Bertram, vice president
of marketing at JPay, a mini-
tablet vendor. The e-mails and
any included attachments can
be monitored by the state's
department of corrections or the
individual facility.
Jesse Jannetta, a senior
research associate at the Urban
Institute, said expanded tech-
nology access in prisons could
help inmates transition into

their communities and keep
them there if the devices
are used to contact family and
potential employers.
"It can be hard to build con-
nections to people or organi-
zations they'll be interacting
with," Jannetta said.
Jannetta and others caution
that tablets, like cellphones,
can also breed criminal activity.
In a case in April, 13 Bal-
timore City Detention Center
guards were indicted for alleg-
edly smuggling in cellphones to
help the Black Guerrilla Family
operate a drug gang.
"Prisons have trouble con-
taining all sorts of things," said
Robert Coombs, spokesman for
the National Reentry Resource
Center. "You're dealing with
folks who probably want to
break some rules."
JPay tries to minimize that
risk by loading only limited
functions, such as music and
gaming, on to its tablets. The
decision to allow the devices in
prisons is made by state cor-
rections departments, Bertram

Faced with
deportation, Haitian
immigrant James T.
Leger did not lay low
to avoid authorities,
like most people
living in the U.S.
illegally might do.

Haitian DJ guilty

of passport fraud

By Ben Wolford

.prominent Haitian radio broad-
caster admitted Tuesday that
he used someone else's identity
to secure a U.S. passport, then
used it again last year when he
tried to renew it.
James T. Leger, 37, pleaded
guilty to passport fraud, a
charge punishable by up to 15
years in prison and a $250,000
fine. His attorney said the
terms of the plea deal were in-
complete. An investigation will
precede his sentencing, which
is scheduled for October.
Leger ran anAM radio sta-
tion that broadcasts from West
Palm Beach to Miami, a,des-
tination for Creole news talk
and evangelical programming.
He was the general manager
and hosted its flagship morn-
ing radio show until his arrest
stunned colleagues May 29.
SMany of them assumed he
was a U.S. citizen because he
traveled internationally. But in
fact he had a deportation order.
Judge Donald M. Middlebrooks
told Leger it's likely he will be
returned to Haiti after this
Leger has a wife and children
living in West Palm Beach.
"Mr. Leger intends to contest
his removability at subsequent
hearings," said his attorney
Kevin Anderson.

Despite the deportation order
from 2001, Leger flaunted his
presence in the United States.
Hundreds of thousands of im-
migrants who came illegally
remain here under deportation,
orders, and it's common for
the orders to go unenforced.
Agents tend to focus on crimi-
But most immigrants don't,,
go to the lengths Leger did. ,
According to interviews with
people who knew him, Leger is
among the most'widely known
Haitian media figures in South
Florida. The owner of W HTY-
AM said he leased his airwaves
to Leger because his online'
talk show had been so suc-
Meanwhile, Leger made '
name for himself in philan-
thropic circles, helping com-
munity members down on their
luck. He even traveled to Haiti
after the earthquake on a relief
party that included actor Sean
That was one of the 10 times
that Leger traveled out of the
country and returned under a
false identity, as a man named
Wilbert Carn. His colleagues
had no idea there were prob-,
"When someone leaves here
and they travel to Haiti," one of
his radio colleagues had said,
"'that means they have docu-

Husband charged in wife's death
MIRAMAR A 43-year'- Paramedics pronounced
old Miramar man has Lisa Symonette dead at
been charged with pre- the scene, said Rues.
meditated murder in the Symonette was in the
death of his wife, who was house when police ar-
found fatally shot in the .i rived, as was an 11-year-
couple's home Saturday j old boy, said Rues. The
morning, according to po- -^M 1 child is in the temporary
lice. SYMONEE custody of relatives penrd-
Brian Symonette appeared in ing action from the .state's De-
bond court Sunday, charged with apartment of Children, and Fami-
one count of first-degree murder lies, said Rues.
in the death of Lisa Symonette, Rues said she did not know if
.51. He was beingheld in the Bro- the child witnessed the shooting.
ward Main Jail without bond. Although several- cars were
According to police, a man who parked outside the house Sunday
identified himself as Symonette's afternoon, no one responded to
husband called 911 about 9:50 the doorbell.
a.m. Saturday, at first saying "This is a very sad thing," said
that his wife was injured in their Tyrone Cheeping, a dentist who
home in the 3400 block of South- lives next door to the Symonettes
west 130th Avenue. in a neighborhood of two and a
Eventually during the call, the half acre lots just south of Mi-
man told dispatchers that the ramar Parkway. "It's a shame
woman had been shot, said Mi- because there is a whole family
ramar spokeswoman Tania Rues. that's going to suffer."


Powell: Trayvon verdict 'questionable'

mer secretary of State Colin
Powell called the jury verdict
that cleared the killer of Florida
teenager Trayvon Martin "ques-
- tionable" and urged President
Obama to speak more on issues
of race
The first Black chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff said

sky and then after a period of
time, they're forgotten."
That doesn't mean Obama
should keep silent, though, Pow-
ell said.
"I'd like to see him be more pas-
sionate about race questions,"
Powell said of Obama, whom he
endorsed during the 2008 and
2012 presidential election.
"For the president to speak out
on it is appropriate. I think all

leaders, black and white, should
speak out on this issue," the Re-
publican added.
Powell said he didn't fully grasp
the civil rights upheaval happen-
ing during the early 1960s until
he returned from Vietnam. His
wife, Alma, didn't share the de-
velopments with him from their
home in Birmingham, Ala., and
his service blocked him from en-
gaging in the political upheaval.

He said the civil rights era
helped blacks but more needs to
be done.
"A lot has been accomplished,
and we should be so proud of
our accomplishments," he said.
"But at the same time, that mir-
ror should show us that there
are still problems in this coun-
try, that there is still racial bias
that still exists in certain parts of
our country."


-Photo courtesy Ryan Holloway
Monestime (center) recently received an award from the Gwen
Cherry Park Foundation because of his continued support to
youth in the community and to the Cherry Park's youth pro-
grams. He is pictured with Erica N.Wright (1-r) and Elaine Black,
both members of the Park Foundation's board of directors.

Commissioner receives

Guardian Angel Award

The efforts of Miami-Dade County Commissioner Jean Mones-
time, District 2, on behalf of youth, were recently acknowledged.
when he was presented with the Guardian Angel Award from the
Gwen Cherry Park Foundation. The award was presented during
the Community Festival at Gwen Cherry Park, where hundreds of
students received free book bags and school supplies.
The award was in recognition of Commissioner Monestime's
long-standing support of the park and the NFL Youth Education
Town [YET] Center located at the'park and presented by Park
Foundation Board Members Erica-N. Wright and Elaine Black.
"I am truly honored and humbled to receive this award,". he said.
"I believe the best way to build a strong community is by invest-
ing in our children and providing them with the tools they need to
reach their full potential."

on CBS's Face the Nation that
the Martin verdict soon would
be forgotten but said Obama
- and all presidents -- have a
responsibility to discuss the na-
tion's history of racial injustice.
Powell spoke as Washington
marked the 50th anniversary of
Martin Luther King Jr.'s march
that included the'iconic "I Have.
a Dream" speech.
"If Dr. King was here, I'm quite
sure he would say, 'Congratula-
tions on all the progress that's
been made, but let's keep going.
The dream is not fully achieved
yet,'" said Powell, also the first
African American to serve the
nation as secretary of state.
Asked about the Martin killing,
Powell questioned its impact on
the civil rights discourse. A Flor-
ida jury found George Zimmer-
man acted in self-defense and
acquitted him during a criminal
"I think that it will be seen as
a questionable judgment on the
part of the judicial system down
there, but I don't .know if it will
have staying power," Powell said.
"These cases come along and
they blaze across the midnight


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Mideast peace cannot

be either all or nothing

Baby steps. That's what is so desperately
called for right now. Hints of success

By David A. Andelman

Five years ago, when I first vis-
ited Saudi Arabia. the Iraq War
was near its deadliest peak and
Middle East peace talks, in An-
napolis Md., had collapsed. Senior
officials of the region's wealthiest
and, in many ways, most influen-
tial nation whispered to me that
if only the Israeli-Palestinian con-
frontation could be resolved, so
much in the Middle East would
fall into place and the U.S. could
win back respect it had lost in the
occupation of Saudi Arabia's toxic
Last year, our combat troops
had gone from Iraq and I was back
in Saudi Arabia. Israeli-Palestin-
ian negotiations had collapsed yet
again. The talks in 2008, revived
for nanosecond two years later
between Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu of Israel and President

Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestin-
ian Authority, had failed. And
again, the same refrain from the
Saudis. If Washington could bring
some concord to these two hostile
and bitter peoples, it would relieve
so much pressure.
Now we have that opportunity
again, with the latest round of ne-
gotiations convened by Secretary
of State John Kerry last month
and about to enter its second
round on Wednesday in Jerusa-
lem. This time, failure carries, po-
tentially, even higher costs.

Israel is surrounded, more than
ever, by Arab enemies in chaos:
pitched battles rage in the streets
in Egypt and across Syria; on Is-
rael's only peaceful border, Jor-
dan has become a nation beset
with a flood of Syrian refugees
who promise to turn into an un-

stable torrent, fleeing a poten-
uIally interminable civil war At
the same time, Iran threatens to
move closer than to member-
ship in the club of nuclear-armed
The Palestinians, meanwhile,
are becoming increasingly des-
perate as Israeli settlements en-
croach ever farther into lands they
consider their own. More radical-
tzed forces of Harmas and Hezbol-
lah hold out the tempting solution
of total war on Israel, while West
Bank Palestinians can almost
taste the promise of statehood as
they win ever more sympathy at
the United Nations.
Kerry has managed, through
some extraordinary sleight of
hand, to get the two sides back to-
gether to try again In some respects.
the backdrop is e~en more promising
The feet of both sides held ever closer
to the fire b\ the toxic consequences
of failure, perhaps this tine success
could be within their grasp But here
must be some changes And already
there are.

-AP PhototCharles Dur-,awr
Secretary of State John Kerry stands between Israel's Justice Minister and chief negotiator
Tzipi Livni, right, and Palestinian chief negotiator Saeb Erekat, as they shake hands after the
resumption of Israeli-Palestinian peace talks, Tuesday, July 30,2013, at the StateDepartment
in Washington. .


- -

Millionsh'haIved;ied1 in


mand rollingfarm
Uatr .S.I-.frt
thUN Secuit

Ehl'll'.' "I


', r i ]e
An M23 rebel is on the Ifont lines overlooking Goma. Much
of the fighting is in eastern Congo, where forces on both' sides
are accused by the United Nations of raping tens of thou-
sands of women, men, girls and boys as a weapon of war.

-AP Ph. OI,.r.e D',y NP
.-In this Aug. 5, 2012 file photo, M23 rebel fighters, walk
14 -,.through the streets of Kiwanja 80 kilometers (50 miles)
-north of Goma, Congo.

deadliest war enters new phase in Congo

By Jonathan Saruk

RUTSHURU, Democratic Re-
public of the Congo In a small
garden behind a bamboo hut,
rebels with the March 23 Move-
ment fighting government au-
thority in eastern Congo stand
around a heap of freshly dug
"The dogs will 'eat them later.
They won't even be here tomor-
row," says M23 Capt. John Luka-
mata of three children whom his
soldiers say were killed by a gov-
ernment helicopter attack and
buried under the mound.
"I tell you, these people are
animals," Lukamata says in the
nearly abandoned village, the
smell of burned flesh wafting
through the air.
The deadliest war in modern
African history is entering a
new phase. For two decades, at
least 20 armed groups have been
fighting in this stunning land-
scape of jungle, volcanoes and
rolling farms producing coffee,
sugar cane and maize in a mas-
sive country about the size of the
Eastern USA. Millions of people
have died, most from starvation
and disease brought on by re-
lentless combat that has stymied
intervention by the United Na-
tions and forced millions of peo-
ple to plod from village to village
in search of safety.
In a first-of-its kind arrange-
ment, the U.N. Security Coun-
cil authorized an offensive
military force to join Congo-
lese government soldiers in op-
erations against the rebels. The
3,000-troop intervention brigade
will be in addition to the peace-
keeping force of 17,000 U.N. sol-
diers the largest U.N. peace-
keeping mission in the world.
The U.N. mission, which has
been trying to stabilize the Con-

go since 1999, is funded with an
annual budget of $1.35 billion.
SMuch of the fighting is in east-
ern Congo, where forces on both
sides are accused by the United
Nations of raping tens of thou-
sands of women, men, girls and
boys as a weapon of war.
Rebels in far-flung regions of
a country that is home to more
than 200 different ethnic groups
say they want a measure of free-
dom from the dictates of the cen-
tral government. They say the
government is corrupt and refus-
es them a fair share of the coun-
try's significant deposits of gold,
platinum and coltan, a mineral
critical to computer processors.
The Congolese government led
by President Joseph Kabila, who
rose to the presidency after the
assassination of his father, dis-
misses the rebels' claims.
"The Congolese government
will not accept any solution that
breaks the Congolese consti-
tution," says Lambert Mende,
Congolese minister of communi-
cation and a government spokes-
man. "To allow a group that has
not been elected by anybody,
that does not have any mandate,
only because they have guns,
will sound like an encourage-
ment to all criminals, not only in
the Congo, but in the whole great
lakes region to dictate their will
to our countries. This can not be
Jeffery Herbst, president of
Colgate University who has pub-
lished several books on the re-
gion, says the basic problem in
Congo is a lack of a strong, ac-
cepted authority over its people.
"All kinds of people have
rushed in to enrich themselves
and protect their interests and to
make sure that no one else has
an advantage," he says.
Recent fighting between M23

The M23 rebel group is made up of hundreds of Congoles
soldiers mostly from the Tutsi ethnic group who deserted th
national army last year.
and the government has hap-
pened in and around Goma, a re-
gional capital nearly 1,000 miles
from Kinshasa that is the gate-
way to Yirunga National Park, Bl
home to bands of rare mountain it
gorillas. The rebel group, named
for a failed March 23, 2009,
peace accord, took the city of
1 million in November. Bowing *
to international pressure, M23 '
pulled back in December to just
outside the city.
Fighting has continued. On .
Aug. 8, city dwellers marched in
protest to demand the govern- '
ment do something to end the
In its first action, the U.N. in-
tervention force set up an exclu- 1
sion zone Aug. 1 around Goma to
neutralize and disarm the rebels.
"That brigade will not solve
Congo's problems," Gen. Sul-
tani Makenga, the military com-
mander of M23, says in Rutshu-
ru, North Kivu. Free
"These are Congo's problems
that should be solved by the
Congolese people," Makenga
says. "The government of Congo

has the keys to solving the issues
if it is willing."
Many observers of the conflict
agree that the instability in the
eastern Congo is rooted in le-
gitimate complaints over incom-
petent goveTrnance, dictatorial
polices and corruption things
military intervention alone will
not solve. They say the govern-
ment must address these issues
to bring about peace.
"The use of force needs to be
connected to a larger diplomatic
strategy," says John Prendergast,
co-founder of the Enough Proj-
ect, who has worked in the re-
gion for decades. "The brigade it-
self is small, not remotely able to
deal with scope and. scale of the

armed groups in Congo. ... It is
going to be at ,its best, a tool that
helps implement a larger political
strategy that addresses the core
concerns of the combatants."
M23 says it is fighting for a just
peace, but some of its actions
are far from just, according to a
July 22 report by Human Rights
Watch. The report accused the
group of war crimes such as the
summary execution of dozens
of people in North Kivu and the
rape of,66 women and girls.
Col. Innocent Kayina, com-
mander of operations for M23,
who was named in the 'report,'
denies the allegations as propa-
ganda from the Kabila govern-


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Ordinary people share tales of dreams deferred

Agenda remains the same: jobs, voting rights and 'justice for all"

By D. Kevin McNeir

Blacks, whites and Hispanics
exchanged hugs, handshakes
and high-fives along Pennsyl-
vania Avenue in our nation's
Capitol last Saturday morning
as tens of thousands of Ameri-
cans retraced the steps of their
ancestors, commemorating the
50th anniversary of the histor-
ic March on Washington. And
while many of the participants
agreed that we have achieved
significant racial progress since
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. deliv-
ered his iconic "I Have a Dream"
speech, those who marched also
noted that many of the objec-
tives set during the first march
remain unfulfilled.
As the award-winning histo-
rian David Garrow, who chroni-
cled the history of the King years
and civil rights movement in his
award-winning novel "Bearing
Sthe Cross" says, "We still have
two largely separate Americas."
Statistics show that sizable
gaps remain between Blacks
and whites, particularly in ar-
eas of wealth, income, poverty,
economic opportunity and edu-
cational achievement. For ex-
ample, white families on aver-
age have accumulated 'wealth
worth about six times that of
Blacks while white incomes top

Black incomes by an average of
two-to-one. Add to that the re-
cent ruling by the U.S. Supreme
Court that stripped power from
the most important section of
the Voting Rights Act [Section
5], opening the door for states
to enact voter ID laws and other
discriminatory regulations, and
it is clear that this nation still
does not treat all of its citizens
as equals.

"We still have work to do but
that's nothing new Blacks
have always had to work hard-
er for what we wqnt," said civil
rights veteran Julian Bond, 73,
who was one of King's lieuten-
ants before moving orn to Con-
gress and later as the national-
chairman of the NAACP. "The
movement was fueled by or-
dinary men and women who'
served as foot soldiers and
walked for dignity. They chose
to walk in dignity rather than
ride in chains. We must do the
The Rev. C.T. Vivian, 89, an-
other of King's assistants who
participated in the Freedom
Rides, organized sit-ins and later
played a major role in both the
SCLC and SNCC, says Blacks
must continue to march in order
to "bring pressure on those in
power through moral and spiri-

tual means."
"We are seeing a new wave. of
protesters, many of whom are
young adults, that are using
both the methods we established
over 50 years ago and combining
them with new ideas," he said.
"Young people are using social
media as their platform to push
our collective political agenda.
But we still have to keep push-
ing, keep moving, keep protest-
ing. The dream has not been
Dr. Charles Steele, Jr., 77,
former national president/
CEO, SCLC, and one of the first
Blacks elected to the Alabama
State Senate, said "if we are to
follow Dr. King, we must take up
.the banner for the poor."
"Too many of us [Blacks] have
become complacent because we
have achieved some level of suc-
cess," he said. "We must contin-
ue to be the moral compass of
this country as King taught us.
We have not overcome not by
a long shot."

As this. writer moved through
the crowds of marchers, people
willingly shared their stories,
their concerns and their hopes
and dreams of what America
could look like if we would
remove the chains of racism,



-Miami Times photo/f Kevin McNeir
As the signs illustrate, the murder of Trayvon Martin and
laws which allowed the teen's murder to be set free, were on
the minds of many that attended the march.

sexism and other forms of op-
pression. Here are'some of their
Emily Trotter, mid-60s, Phila-
delphia: "I was here for the first
march -and brought my three
sisters with me this time. More
Blacks have come this time.
What we faced in those days
would bring tears to your eyes.
The sacrifices were real and last-
.ing some of us don't appreci-
ate that today."
Joe Nickens, 72, Alexandria,
VA: "I'm. here with my Kappa
brothers from all over the U.S.
Back in '63 I was a young man
living in Oakland and couldn't
afford to get here. This time to
support our demands for justice
and equality, I would have come

in a wheelchair. It's time to level
the field for women and all mi-
George McDonald, 47, Wash-
ington, D.C.: "We must embrace
our history and the past if we
really want to move forward. In
some ways, Blacks have actually
regressed. We can now use pub-
lic transportation and stay. in
hotels but we have more Black
men in prison than in college.
'Our families are under assault
and economically our race is
lagging way behind. That's in-
Claudia Haines, 62, Bowling
Green, 'KY:"I'm a white woman
and unlike some of my family, I
have always advocated equality
for everyone. I don't know what

Blacks have gone through but
I think whites could help make
this a better place for all Ameri-
cans if we just sat down and lis-

As the crowds dwindled and
marchers returned to their ho-
tels, their buses or their nearby
homes, a group of students from
Howard University's Law School
talked about the future and the
role they hope to play.
"We know that we have to do
our part because Blacks are
still struggling and demanding
equality and justice," said third-
year student Dierra Luckett, 25.
"Our generation is not satisfied
with life in the U.S. We are using
social media to spread the word
and to bring about change."
"Athar Haseebullah, 26, an
alumnus of the law school that
now works as a prosecutor in
New York, said in some ways,
"life is harder for my generation."
"I wanted to be here and expe-
rience this day but it's strange
-, we never even heard Dr.
King's speech played," he said.
"King was the driving force be-
hind the movement. I'd like to
start a family one day but many
students, like me, are riddled in
debt. We're trying to achieve the
American dream but it's becom-
ing more and more difficult to

Dwight Bullard to kick off Florida Speaks tour

Says Tallahassee is "out of touch with

challenges facing Blacks"

State Senator Dwight Bullard,
the Democratic Black Caucus
of Florida [DBCF], the ACLU of
Florida and the Florida Black
Caucus of Local Elected Offi-
cials [FBC LEO] will launch the
"Florida Speaks" tour, starting in
Pensacola, on Saturday,Sept. 14
at Bethel AME Church. The tour
is a series of town hall assem-
blies allowing residents of Flor-
ida the opportunity to publicly
address their frustrations and
hardships as a result of viola-
tions to their civil liberties, racial
profiling,. "Stand Your Ground"
law, overuse of law enforcement
in schools and lack of access to
suitable healthcare.
"Too often Floridians feel as
though Tallahassee is out of

touch with the day to day chal-
lenges that they face," Bullard
said. "This is an opportunity to
allow those voices to be heard,
so that we can create solutions
based around some of their most
pressing concerns."
"As an organization we are
dedicated to addressing %voter
concerns,g said DBC President
Henry Crespo. "This effort helps
to raise the collective voices of
residents 'across this great state
that has been negatively impact-
ed by current policies. We. stand
committed towards taking pro-.
active steps in this much needed
Organizers of the tour will col-
lect and document the testimo-
nies of town hall participants in

"With your testimonials Senator
Bullard will be in a better posi-
tion to affect the change this
State needs."
Additional dates include:
Oct. 26, 2013, Orlando (Orange
County); Nov. 9, Jacksonville
(Duval County) ; Dec. 14, Mi-
ami (Miami-Dade County); Jan.
25, Daytona (Volusia County);
and Feb. 22, Tallahassee (Leon

-- I r'i'l,:,h", ,.o rl,: :- I' .,j,',,: ri,:r,i,,-,
State Senator Dwight Bullard speaks about challenges facing
Florida's during a recent gathering of the Miami-Dade Young Demo-
crats. State Rep. Kionne McGhee (c) also attended the event.

an effort to bring awareness to
lawmakers, the governor, and
his cabinet, to the many issues,
plaguing residents across' the.

"We encourage the citizens
of Florida to come out to these
tours'and speak up for change,"
said Hayward Benson, immedi-
ate past president, FBC LEO.

Washington march fails to address today's issues

continued from 1A
"Whenever this issue of compen-
satory or preferential treatment
for the negro is raised, some of
our friends recoil in horror," King
wrote in his 1964 book, Why We
Can't Wait. "The negro should be
granted equality, they agree; but
he should ask nothing more. On
the surface, this appears reason-
able, but it is not realistic. For it
is obvious that if a man is entered
at the starting line in a race three
hundred years after another man,
thie first would have to perform
some impossible feat in order to
catch up with his fellow runner."
I can't understand why, given

the massive national attention
that this March on Washington
anniversary has received, more fo-
cus has been placed on the tragic
killing of Trayvon Martin and the
racial profiling injustice of New
York City's stop-and-frisk law,
than the black-on-black violence
that takes thousands of lives ev-
ery year in this country.
I don't know why the leaders
of this celebration of the march's
50th anniversary can't bring
themselves to make a campaign
to end this carnage their highest
"We must not allow our creative
protest to degenerate into physi-
cal violence," King said in the
speech he gave from the steps

of the Lincoln Memorial near the
end of the 1963 march program.
He was talking about the civil
rights movement's non-violent
challenge to racial discrimina-
tion. But today, those words
can also be a compelling appeal
against the self-destruction of
the black-on-black killings that
pile up more black bodies in a
year than the white lynch mobs
amassed during the entire 20th
Sure, getting more jobs for
blacks is an important goal. Yes,
more needs to been done to close
the black-white achievement gap
in the nation's public schools.
And more young blacks need to
be given a fair chance to fund

Syria promises to fight back if provoked

continued from 1A

Assad's regime.
Kerry's comments and tough
language Monday laid out the
clearest argument yet for U.S.
military action in Syria, which, if
President Barack Obama decides
to order it, would most likely in-
volve sea-launched cruise missile
attacks on Syrian military targets.

U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck
Hagel said last Tuesday that U.S.
forces are now ready to act on any
order by Obama to strike Syria.
Support for some sort of interna-
tional military response is likely
to grow if it is confirmed that
Assad's regime was responsible
for the Aug. 21st attack that ac-
tivists say killed hundreds of peo-
ple. The group Doctors Without
Borders put the death toll at 355.

Obama has yet to say how he
will respond, but appeared to
be moving ahead even as the
U.N. team on the ground in
Syria collected evidence from
the attack. Meanwhile, British
Prime Minister David Cameron
recalled Parliament on Tuesday
for an urgent discussion on a
possible military response, as
the army drew up contingency

Julian Bond is still a warrior for civil rights

continued from 1A

it. But at the time he didn't see
King's "I Have a Dream" speech
as the iconic address it would be-
come, perhaps because he had
heard him speak many times be-
fore, in Atlanta, where both men
"Dr. King's was the most beau-
tiful speech made" that day, he
says, "but John Lewis gave the
In 1963, Bond was a co-founder
of the Student Nonviolent Coordi-

nating Committee, led by Lewis,
now a Georgia congressman. Bond
would also co-found the Southern
Poverty Law Center and serve as
chairman of the NAACP, where he
is now chairman emeritus.
At 73, he is graying and slightly
stooped, but still more than ca-
pable of working up a righteous
indignation over what he sees
as injustices. In an interview on
the lawn of American University,
where he is a professor, he rails
against the Supreme Court deci-
sion in June striking down provi-
sions of the Voting Rights Act of

1965. It "essentially neutered the
act" and will "do great damage to
voting rights," he warns.
In the wake of. the court deci-
sion, Texas, North Carolina and
other states that had been covered
by the act's provisions have passed
voter ID laws and other ballot se-
curity measures. 'This is a non-
existent problem with a very real
solution that is harmful to millions
and millions of people," Bond says.
Anger over that will help fuel black
turnout, but "maybe we can't de-
pend on the Republicans to do
such evil things all the time."

Editor's Note: Bullard will also
host an education community
forum on Tuesday, Sept. 3 at
Miami Northwestern Senior High
School, [1100 NW 71st Street],
6:30 8 p.m. He' will address:
new education policies; changes
in the 2013-14 school year; and
education funding. For more
info call 305. 234.2208.

their college education. In many L i9 e C8 and operated by other ethnitipe. 'iprjI ere;
of these efforts, King said inWhy I"'- -NIr.c cannot get a job? 'N:^!; i.
We Can't Wait that the federal .Martin Luther, King sacrificed hI*l"bif ,.
government must "move reso- '-: I ..r
-.a opportunityy and a light to- wo
'lutely to the side of the freedom filolpors ungtg a aright t m w..'
movement." than' leaders figl~atirig for? Nothing! We-muit derO lopn oAr ncoiw
movement." corn-
But more than anything else, I-Oiutitsforthe future and create oqdrio9b' s,;"
King's message from the steps offVrost'black oficials'are not really 0bo"b6t4 pel--.,
of the Lincoln Memorial on that 7Qlmen-tpi ndehficiin.'ur neighborhood itn. iej$,,iy '4
Wednesday afternoon in 1963 fiey pld'beJike MLK fighting'fdr.Jobsi a' ,rpi
and in the book he wrote soon e .....-: ...." '! '
after ought to inspire today's M. :, -", .,x y. '
civil rights leaders'to get their act t'' : (-_* '"
together; and should put to flight ?,.. ; a o A f..-;. -
the Republicans who try to hijack .::.. -. t-_ *. '
his memory. : :' :, )'! L

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The Miami Times






.,_ .,. e~awile; 'y. on e could to help children avoid going Tyronee a. 50f (t Vexa r
Btly Gigmi Tinesoley tht I wsTgoigntooaallthats
down the road towards criminal La Sar, Sr.; and .StaffSOee
It was in 2002, while work- activity," Lamar said.
ing for a local funeral home when Soon thereafter, he began buy-
Tyrone Lamar, Sr. viewed the ing snacks for the children who
remains of a 10-year-old girl who habitually gathered'around Hor-.
had just died three years after ace Mann Middle School, Hadley
being raped by two Black youth Park and on street corners in the
and subsequently contracting the area.
HIV virus. "Children aren't like grown
"I looked down on that little girl people," he said. "If you treat
in her casket and swore to God Please turn to PAIN 14BAe f M r n

...........oo........ ... ...............o .. ................... ............ .......o...........o.......e............o............-....o.'..........e ...o eo e .. oo oo oooo o e..

ADMIT Program

records Miami

Gardens you

Students write lyrics for
their original CD's
By OGigi Tinsley , -, .
Thi0mas'W. 'Demerfitte, a native .,
Miamian with studios in Miami and -
, ,Uatnta, pampe homr.e t make rmore .
than 100 students happy this sum- .'
mer. They wrote lyrics and recorded
their own CDs.
"I am so happy to be able to come '
home and teach some of the chil-
dren in the Miami Gardens and
Hialeah areas about the music
industry." he said. "I also had the-
opportunity to work with the Cente
for Independent Living's young
adults. I was blessed."
When Miami Gardens Parks and'
Please turn to ADMIT 14B

Rev. Dinkins preaches,

teaches and does outreach

Community outreach program aids inner city
By Gigi Tinsl' .,y
Rev. Charles Lee. Dinkins has 6ver thirty (30) years of preaching and com- -
munity program experience. And, in 1995 became founder/president and
CEO of Hosanna Community Foundation, (HCF) Inc. HCF is a not for profit.
community outreach organization that comes to the aid of inner city youth
and their families. Rev. Dinkins has led HCF from a church youth .
group to a viable family outreach program serving several hundred
families annually. s f d
Rev. Dinimns is founding pastor of Hosanna Community Bap-
tist Church (HCBC) established Septem-
ber 1998 "after being forced to leave his
former church,' Dinkins said. "HCBC -
commenced with sixty children and
" Please turn to DINKINS 14B

S.H.E.A.R. hosts

Family and Friends

Day for homeless
Miami TYmes staff report
On September 2nd, the non-profit organization S.H.E.A.R.,
(Sharing Hope Empowerment and Reaction), Inc. will host the
10th Annual Friends and Family Day -beach, bash, and
baptism to benefit the homeless men, women and children
of the Miami Rescue Mission. This year, Chauvet, Henderson
Financial Group and JM Family teamed together to sponsor
the event where families can gather for a day filled with food,
fun and fellowship.
The 10th Annual Friends and Family Day is a free
event taking place at Historic Virginia Key Beach from '
9 a.m. 5 p.m. at the main pavilion. Attendees can en-
joy live music, magic shows, games, tournaments and
giveaways, as well as snow cones, cotton candy, pop-
corn and more.
S.H.E.A.R., Inc., founded in 2001, is comprised of J
10 volunteers who provide community services, expe- ,..
riences and fellowship opportunities while giving hope "
to people through empowerment, education and mentor-
ing. Volunteers visit nursing homes, children's hospitals
and jails located throughout South Florida bringing hope \ 'i-
to members of the community and sending donations to I-"
Haiti and Nairobi, Kenya. Anthony Durden, a member of
the Chauvet team for seven years, serves as president of
S.H.E.A.R., Inc. n
"As someone who was once homeless, I am very thankful
to God for his 10 years of faithfulness that has allowed me
the opportunity to be a blessing to others," Durden said.
'Because of our generous sponsors and selfless volunteers, _..
S.H.E.A.R. Inc. is able to host fun, family-friendly events that
benefit members of the community in South Florida." I
For directions to the event please call Durden at 786-718-
0316. "- '- ^'

-Photo courtesy Min. Anthony Durden
Homeless citizens get a needed day of fun in the sun.

*.......................... o....***.****** ****** **********.... .... .. *.**********a ***e** .****** ** ****o**o**o**e* *o**....*e.................*******...........

Bernice King: The drum major's daughter

By John Blake
There is a secret about Ber-
nice King that not everyone
close to her wants you to know.
"She has a shoe fetish," says
Angela Farris-Watkins, a cous-
in. "She has shoes to go with
every outfit. She likes all kinds
of shoes: sandals, heels, open-
toed and different colors. She
buys shoes like bread."
It's not surprising that the
youngest child of the Rev. Mar-
tin Luther King Jr. would care
so much about what she puts


on her feet. She has been walk-
ing in the footsteps of one of
history's greatest moral leaders
all of her life. A guarded woman
who once contemplated suicide,
the Rev. Bernice King is openly
confronting some of the painful
and controversial episodes in
her life. Now 50, she was born
just months before her father
told the world, "I have a dream."
She also is lowering some of
the walls that she admits she
erected over the years to protect
herself from stinging criticism
Please turn to KING 13B

Happy 101st birthday,
Mrs. Ola Lee Edwards
On July 26,1912 Ola Lee Edwards was
born and 101 years later, family members
nd friends celebrated that historical date at
ineland Park. In attendance were 60 family
mnebers along with their friends. "She was
.ry happy to see so many people, along
family, treating her so royally," Grace
Bellamy, her daughter said. "Aunt Sister,"
as many call her, "had a great time and we
thank God for blessing her."




Families of Emmitt Till, Trayvon Martin bond in D.C.

By D. L. Chandler weight of the moment was not
lost on some. "I had to come
On the eve of the "Realize just because of what we saw
The Dream" march in Wash- happen, with little Trayvon,"
ington, the families of Emmett said one woman, who chose
Till and Trayvon Martin joined not to be identified. "I have
together at Shiloh Baptist 'grandchildren that will grow
Church in Washington for a up knowing about this case.
panel discussion and also the I'm here for them."
screening of filmmaker Keith Indeed many) families were
Beavchamp's film, "The Un- together at fie event, includ-
told Story of Emmett Louis -ring 'global 'Grind's Michael
Till." The event, titled "The Skolmk. with hisfamily. As
Marnie Till Mobley Memorial & various speakers spoke on the
.Trayvon Martin Foundations injustoes of,both Martin and
*.Pesent: Civil Rights, Human Till, jia'choir' singer's stirring
.'rongs, and the Charge for rendition of "Wade In The Wa-
,uth Leadership," took place ter" welcomed' Fulton, Martin,
,tt ,Friday evening and was their son and also attorney
9td by a host of activists, Brnjamin Crumnp. The floor
gar4wes. and others in the wAs then given to Beauchamp,
eqn1ti9dadly1l'.r-ged evening _.who .'explained the making of
I N, 'jTh y t~e filrni.~.
i. Nz '; ";T l^-<, ,'Cy t ,
cle host Toure' served as the Aflthbugijh the immediate par-
moderator for the event. The allels were not evident early on,
panel's special guests were towards the end Beauchamp
Sybrina Fulton and Tracy injected bits of the Zimmerman
.kti", Fultonr's son Jahvaris trial, and the angry and still
jy' Si0ieon Wight, c' in ,:. 'con'tiiniing protests surround-
f-oki..nett Till,;.Ke4'iih PoWU', .ng the ngh-if'watchnhman's not
Auchni.fVictoti' 'an, veict.Both Toure'
S the'Einrt TM1.'Ambas- and. Power' a cnowvredged they
tdq. Fior. Peace. As atfend.-.,we'reirmoved by the film, and,
-des fle4 into the church, the'. the sniffles heard in
:-- --- ----------- .. ----.--

the silent moments, they were her family were tired from do-
not alone ing a series of interviews and
The event switched to the appearances in and around
panel, with Toure' given equal Washington but said of the
microphone time to all guests, event that her family was de-
Fulton admitted that she and termnined to connect with the

Till family. Mr. Powell men-
tioned that while the union was
important, he was saddened
by the reasons for the event -
mentioning the names of Sean
Bell, Oscar Grant and Michael
Stewart as moments where his
activism came into play.
Powell also mentioned Ju-
lian Bond, who was also in at-
tendance, saying the gathering
and the energy around shifting
the treatment of Blacks was
"bigger than Trayvon." Powell
also-mentioned that the 58th
anniversary of the death of
Till and the 50th anniversary
of the "March On Washing-
ton' served as the spark that
should have motivated change,
but admitted "forces' were at
play that "robbed us of every
little victory."
He urged attendees to sup-
port the efforts of the Dream
Defenders and the foundations
of the Till and Martin family as
The evening wasn't all seri-
ous, as Toure' asked Fulton
and Martin what kind of child
was Trayvon. "He was an av-
erage kid," said Fulton with
a smile. "He liked to talk on

the phone, he was a teenager.
He liked to eat. Of course, I'm
Mommy, so I got after my boys
but he was just Trayvon."
Martin asked Jahvaris im-
posing in a simple dark suit,
yet still significantly smaller
than the hulking Martin to
stand next to him. "You know
what, to know who Trayon
Martin was, his brother is right
They're just alike," he said,
beaming at the 22-year-old
young man he raised as his
own son. Martin also men-
tioned to the audience that
Jahvaris was entering his last
year of college, who later said
to the crowd he wants to be-
come an intellectual property
Wright, who witnessed the
incidents that led up to tfhe
death of his cousin, left per1
haps the most poignant mes-
sage of the night, this while
also railing against conserva-
tive pundits and their portray-
al of Trayvon. "Never let the
world forget what happened to
your son," said Wright. "Don't
let the Pat Buchanans of the
world poison your mind."

wifend his ministry

By Ronnie Floyd .

Perhaps the most important
decision a pastor makes in his ,
life and ministry is choosing "
the woman who will become .
his wife. Through my years of
leading churches, I have al- a
ways found that a pastor and
his ministry will not surpass
his marital relationship in
term of healthy growth. If his
Arp e_.healthy, his minis- r
,'Amuch greater prob-
h productive and
-;i his marriage is
thyhis ministry will be
^.',epeyH li~itfl and affected
gr~ r 'fn o share a few
dajllig 'for every pas-
JP` :.'i*:ind hi' 'wife to consider Bishop T.D.
.. .i'- e andmin- shiplandd serve

,'* ... .his wife.
:. ;^OU ARE PARTNERS Jeana and
'vot'e, prthers in mar- been partners
"'I ," .r'.iu strv.Y- Yes, I have walked tog
'yo ,'.'9 ment correctly, hand through
Partnership %in marriage many ministry. She i
understand, but partnership in the life of the
in miniist-y becoming a pastoral candid
unW". for a pastor and to serve on our

btr nice King says,

continued from 12B

directed at her and her family.
..eople just don't know me.
ed," she says. "The first
terdency is to make a judg-
ment. Part of that has to do
with people feeling like I'm
stoic, standoffish. Some people
feel,-like I'm arrogant. It's un-
fint.nate because peopledon't
lai.oTm'y heart."
.:F"or some, she is freeze-
fJ.amed as the bewildered irl
vAo rested her head on.her
mtter.s lap at her father's fu-
neral'5im'1968. .or others, she
is9 onrof the King children, ac-
I.'S'e of aggressively seeking
to profit off their father s legacy
while embroiled in legal feuds
with each other. Still others see
her as the daughter who in-
voked her father's legacy while
marching against same-sex
In one of her most candid in-
terviews, King talked with CNN
about all of those episodes in
her life.

On a recent afternoon, King
is walking into the spiritual
birthplace of her family,' Eb-
enezer Baptist Church. She is
running 40 minutes late, and
a crowd of photographers and
onlookers -- including several
Buddhist monks gather to
Before she poses for pho-
tographs, King asks about
the type of pictures that will
be taken and mentions some
earlier photos of her that she
didn't like.
Unplanned. moments have
not been kind to King's family.
Sudden bursts of tragedy are

Jakes clebrates 35 years of spiritual leader-
ice with his wife, Serita.

I have always
in ministry. We
gether hand-in-
all our years in
s fully involved
e church. Every
date that I call
r church's team

is joined by his wife at his fi-
nal interview. That interview is
more about her than it is him.
During that interview 1 talk
to her and ask her:
Do you go to worship?
Are you involved in a min-
istry of the church?
Then I proceed to tell her

along with her husband:
If you come here I expect
you to be in worship weekly.
If you come here I expect
you to be involved in a minis-
If you come here I expect
you to .be involved in our
monthly staff wives luncheon
that Jeana leads.
If you come here I expect..
you to be involved in our an-
nual staff advance.
At Cross Church, we expect
a pastor and his wife to be
partners in ministry. More im-
portantly, God ,expects a pas-
tor and his wife to be partners
in ministry.

A pastor and Tus wife' 6eef
live life together. Yes, viiaiitty
is busy and at.ltii.'d t-.
manding. Every job has chal-
lenging seasons. __ .
However, a pastor and'-his
wife need to live life together.
When time away fromn'ministry
occurs, this should not mean
that he goes his way and she
goes her way. Go together Live
life together.

"People don't know my heart"

-AP Ph..[.) U ,i Gold' ,,'
Bernice King stands in the King Center next to a banner
hanging in memory of her father, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.,
in Atlanta. One of her father's quotes has been cited as one of
America's essential ideals, its language suggestive of a con-
stitutional amendment on equality: 'I have a dream that my
four little children will one day live in a nation where they will
not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of
their character." Yet today, 50 years after the Rev. Martin Lu-
ther King Jr.'s monumental statement, there is considerable
disagreement over what this quote means when it comes to
affirmative action and other measures aimed at helping the

part of her history. It goes be-
yond her father. Nestled in the
basement of Ebenezer is a pic-
ture of her grandmother, Alber-
ta Williams King. She was shot
and killed by a gunman in 1974
while sitting at the church's or-
gan one Sunday. Bernice King's
uncle, the Rev. A.D. King, was
found dead in his swimming
pool a year after her father's as-
There have been more recent
losses. In 2006, her mother,
Coretta Scott King, died from
ovarian cancer. And only a year
later, her only sister, Yolanda,
a warm and vivacious woman
who some say held the King
children together, died sud-
denly of a heart attack at 52.

"I have walls for a reason," she
says. "When you grow up with
the kind of tragedy we've grown
up with, you're cautious. I was
five when he was assassinated."

Her relationship with her
brothers, Dexter King and Mar-
tin Luther King III, has also
been criticized. Over the years,
the siblings have sued and
counter-sued one another over
their parents' legacy.
When asked if she still talks
to her brothers, she says, "Ev-
ery now and then We're fam-
When asked to describe their
current relationship, she says:

"It's OK."
The tension among the King
' children is unfathomable to
some. How can siblings who
shared such a singular tragedy
barely talk? She points to the
children of South African leader
Nelson Mandela, whose squab-
bling over their father's legacy
makes headlines overseas. She
says some of the tension with
her brothers may be rooted in
"I'm the only female left in the
family," King says. "I was clos-
er to my mother and'sister ...
Women and men are different."
When asked if she thinks
she will ever become closer to
her brothers, she says: "I don't
know. I would hope so."

Outside the: pulpit, friends
and family say, Bernice King is
different from the solemn figure
portrayed in the media.
Hints of that warmth came
through in the photo session at
Ebenezer. She was playful and
warm. She displayed a radiant
smile and a hearty laugh. (Her
father had a beautiful rumbling
baritone of a laugh and a mis-
chievous sense of humor in pri-
In her 1997 book, "Hard
Questions, Heart Answers,"
King wrote:
"I remember someone telling
me when I was a teenager, 'It's
better to be alone and be your-
self than to be in a crowd and
be someone else.'"
As she assumes a more pub-
lic role, Bernice King seems to
be finding a way to be herself,
even when she is surrounded
by a crowd.
Maybe now she is finally hit-
ting her stride.

S.H.E.A.R., Inc. will 0 Bethany Seventh Day
host its 10th annual Friends Adventist Church host be-
and Family Day at Virginia reavement sharing group ev-
Key Beach on Sept. 2 from ery 2nd Sunday from 3-4:30
9 a.m.-5 p.m. Call 786-718- p.m. Call 305-634-2993.
Running for Jesus Out-
Greater Bethel A.M.E. reach Ministries will host
Church is hosting a Hospital- a "Youth Summer Seminar."
ity Institute Job Fair on Sept. Call 786-508-6167.
13, 10 a.m. 2 p.m. Call
305-679-6800. E Street Evangelist Out-
reach Ministries will con-
0 Holy Ghost Faith Min- duct free personal courses
istries will have a Testimony on evangelizing without fear.
Service Sept. 13 at 7:30 p.m. Call 786-508-6167.
Call 786-452-0713.
Revival Tabernacle As-
A Mission With A New sembly of God hosts excit-
Beginning Church Worn- ing Bible Studies every Wed.
en's Department provides at 7:30 p.m. and Prayer
community feeding. Call 786- Meetings on Fridays at 7:30
371-3779. p.m. Call 305-693-1356.

Politics is making its way

back into Black pulpits
By Jeff Kunerth Stanley said.
Clergy want the freedom to do
IRS enforcement has been in- and say many things, but it's un-
consistent, the report suggests. A clear what kinds of churches will
2012 Pew Research Center study take up the mantle, said Eric Mc-
suggests that Black Protestant Daniel, a government professor at
churchgoers are eight tunes as the University of Texas at Austin.
likely to hear about political candi- "I don't think many clergy want
dates at church as white mainline to open up a can of worms be-
churchgoers. cause then churches become ha-
"The report shows that Black vens for certain candidates and
churches have, for lack of a better parties," McDaniel said. "It can
word, gotten away with it for many turn churches' into Democratic or
years," said Erik Stanley, senior Republican churches that preach
legal counsel for the Alliance De- the gospel."
fending Freedom, who gave advice In many ways, however, that's
on the commission report. "Simply already happening. A day before
put, this gets the IRS out of the the report came out, Baltimore-
pulpit." I based pastor Jamal-Harrison Bry-
In 2008, about 30 churches ant tweeted his support for' Cory
participated in the attempt to Booker's campaign to become the
challenge the IRS by sending ser- next senator from New Jersey,
mon transcripts in a bid to in- while outspoken Roman Catholic
vite an IRS audit. In 2012, 1,600 Bishop Thomas Tobin of Provi-
churches participated, but none dence, R.I., proudly touted his new
of them have heard from the IRS, status as a registered Republican.

Your pastor's private sins

By Joshua Reich
While some may put pastors
on pedestals, they struggle with
sin just like anyone else.
The second sin that many
pastors deal with is the sin of
being untouchable.
While every pastor would tell
their church they should be in
community, have an account-
ability partner, have people in
their life that know them, very
few pastors actually experience
This isn't the only reason
pastors aren't known and have
an air of untouchability about
them. Their churches often de-
mand it and pastors fall right in
line with it.

Many churches want their
pastors to be superman. They
want their pastor to talk about
struggles to the point that they
seem relatable, but not too
Churches often want to keep
their pastor, his wife and his
kids on a pedestal. Because of
this, pastors work hard to keep
that pedestal up and working.
This leads pastors into all
kinds of dangerous places. If
no one knows a pastor well
enough, no one can call out his
sin. No one can challenge him
with working too much, not eat-
ing well (which is an enormous
problem for many pastors as
so many are overweight);, not
sleeping enough.

Back to School and Community

Empowerment Health Fair
Join us for oufl Back to School Free HIV testing, food, misic,
and Community Empowerment kids activities, give-a-ways, and
Health Fair, Friday, August 30, information (legal, health and
12 p.m. 5 p.m., at 835 NW safety).
72nd Street, Miami, FL 33150, For more information, call
so we can all start the new 305-305-9897 or 786-277-
school year off right! 1368.

- Tequila Forshee:

A family remembers

-Pnolr courtesy CharnEa Forstiee
FORSHEE FAMILY LEADS ANTI-GANG MARCH:The family of Tequila Forshee, 12, led an anti-gang walk in the City of Miami
Gardens earlier this week, hoping to bring greater attention to the rash of shootings that have claimed innocent lives like those of
Tequila who was shot and killed while in her home on Aug. 15th. City officials are offering $30,000 for tips that lead to the arrests
of Tequila's killers. Photo courtesy Chanea Forshee.

Evangelists gear up for U.S. revival

By Troy Anderson

Talking to thousands of
"emerging revivalists" at a re-
cent Jesus Culture conference,
international evangelist Re-
inhard Bonnke said the Holy
Spirit told him in a dream,
"America will be saved!"
Bonnke, whose ministry,
Christ for all Nations, has re-
corded more than 75 million
people responding to the call
for salvation in Africa and else-
where, says the dream is simi-
lar to the one he had in 1972,
when the Holy Spirit told him,
"All Africa shall be saved!"
"In Africa in 1972, I heard the
Holy Spirit shout in my dream,
'Africa shall be saved,'" Bonnke,
73, told about. 6,000 people,
mostly youth, gathered for the
three-day conference at the
Gibson Amphitheater in Uni-
versity City, Calif.
"Everybody thought this was,
impossible,", he said. "But I

heard it on four consecutive
nights until I said to my wife,
I think the Holy Spirit is try-
ing to tell me something.' Then
I heard Him last year, saying,
'America will be saved!'
Bonnke's remarks come as a
number of prominent evange-
lists and ministries-Spearhead-
ed by Billy Graham-are turning
their attention toward America
in the hope of helping to ignite
what Graham describes as a
"great spiritual awakening."
The famed evangelist, now 94,
is holding the My Hope America
With Billy Graham evangelistic
outreach on Nov. 7, his 95th
birthday. During the July 22-
24 Jesus Culture conference,
Bonnke told the audience that
God often uses the "small peo-
ple" for the big jobs of evange-
"I'm just a small little evange-
list, but I tell you God takes the
small people.
SHe takes the nobodies and

turns them into somebodies.
The world's rejects are God's
The conference comes as
many pollsters have said the
United States is becoming a
"post-Christian" nation-not-
ing one in three Millennials
(those born between ,the early

1980s and early 2000s) have
no religious affiliation. On the
last day of the three-day confer-
ence, Liebscher, Jesus Culture
director, opened the evening
by praying that "from coast to
coast and from Los Angeles all
the way to New York City," God
would awaken the "hearts of a
"I believe that is what He
wants to release," Liebscher
said. "I believe He wants to re-
lease faith in your heart for
your city. I want you to lift up
your voice believing God in-
tends to pour out His Spirit
from Los Angeles to New York
City, from the West Coast to the
East Coast, and He intends to
awaken an entire generation." -
During his sermon, Liebscher
said his' goal for the conference
was that people would leave
the conference and "see revival
in [their] city, revival on [their]
campus and revival in Itheir].

Hosanna Community Foundation on a mission

continued from 12B

teens, and twenty adults hold-
ing services at Charles R. Drew
Middle School and later in Lin-
coln Fields Apartments from
September 1998 to January
2007. The children, teens and
adults originated from the oust-
ed church's youth and young
adult choir ministry. God has
been good! And, he has brought
us from a mighty long. way,"
Dinkins added.
Through the years, Hosanna

Community Foundation, Inc.
says it has discovered that no
one church, community base
agency or ministry can meet
the total needs of a community.
Thus, in the effort to increase
capacity and reach more people
HCF founded "The Urban Part-
nership of Miami-Dade Coun-
ty." Through that relationship
HCF sought and received fund-
ing from "SAMHSA" to fund The
Urban Partnership Drug Free
Community Coalition. The Part-
nership seeks to bring together
faith-based social ministries,

community based providers
and community leaders in the
greater Liberty City/Browns-
ville/ Model City area around a
common mission: "to eliminate
disparities for. children and
families by fostering academic
success, healthy choices and
community safety".
The word "Hosanna" means
Savior or Salvation Now! It is
a word that also claims help is
currently presence or soon to
come. "Though Hosanna cannot
be all things to all people we are
enjoying what God is doing in

our growing ministry. It amaz-
ing to see God transform the
lives of people! I feel like the old
church as I see God's hand on
our efforts. I would not change
anything for my journey now,"
Dinkins said.
He holds a BS degree in Mar-
keting, Masters of Divinity and
a Masters in Public Administra-
tion, and has over 23 years of
administrative experience with-
in the public sector.
Dinkins is the proud father
of Princess Me-sha Nicole Din-

Students spent summer writing songs for CD's

ADMIT ity and the business process of "The ability to include all Most Cooperative participant
continued from 12B writing, producing and distrib- kids in creating positive musi- and Kristian Stanley Most

Recreation District Superinten-
dent Rodney Best made plans
for this Teen Summer Camp
Program, he says he wanted
to make sure to include the
Alternative Directions Music
Industry Training [ADMIT]
"Children and their, music
are inseparable," Best said.
"We are able to offer our youth
exposure and opportunities
which are not only fun and ed-
ucational, but also give them
the groundwork for developing
career strategies and focus."
The ADMIT Program provid-
ed student training in creativ-

uting music. Students wrote
the lyrics and laid the beats for
their Life In the Gardens CD -
a compilation of songs written
and produced by Miami Gar-
dens youth, including a track
Trayvon Paid It All" a trib-
ute to the late Trayvon Martin.
Students now know how to
record a CD that can make a
difference in the lives of other
children who hear their songs.

None of the campers had
ever written or recorded a song
before. But Demerritte says
you couldn't tell.

cal messages is the real beauty
of the ADMIT Program, but
it's also amazing how we find
young people who have music
as a passion and can actually
participate in the recording
process for the first time," he
said. "I've had kids cry at the
microphone because they nev-
er thought they would ever get
a chance to fulfill their dreams
of making a recording. Most of
them have little or no musical
background and are constant-
ly bombarded by hip-hop and
other negative messages."
At the end of the Summer
Camp session, the ADMIT Pro-
gram awarded Lenice Roberts

Talented participant. They
were also given signed copies
of the book, "That's a Rap! A
Music Industry Sourcebook for
Generation Next," written by
ADMIT's founder, Demerritte
Kristian, a gifted 12-year old
singer, was recruited with his
brother Eric Stanley, a rap-
per, to record an inspiring
City of Miami Gardens theme
song produced by Demerritte
and is included on the group's
11-track CD. Demerritte will
work with Kristian to develop
his own music demo in the fu-
To contact the ADMIT Pro-
gram call 786-287-1184.

"Major" stands tall for many, many children

continued from 12B

them with respect, even though
you may be firm, they will still
love and respect you."
Before he knew it, Lamar
was given the nickname "Major
Pain," by one of the local news-
The name has since been
shortened to "Major" because
he had no qualms about going
to businesses in the U.S.A. Flea
Market and asking them for
snacks or money to get snacks
for his kids.

"It didn't matter what people
thought," he said. "I made a
promise to God and a few close
friends that I was going to help
and not hinder."

Lamar say that many people,
10 years later, still "don't un-
derstand why I do what I do."
"But I am proud to be able to
see many of my former kids
standing tall.
Some are in the armed ser-
vices, some are police officers,

teachers, great husbands and
good citizens."
If you've lived in Miami for
awhile, you may remember see-
ing "Major Pain" barking out
drill instructions to the "Major
Pain Kids" as they marched in
the annual Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. parades.
Rev. D'Andre Watkins, a min-
ister at Friendship Missionary'
Baptist Church under the lead-
ership of Rev. Gaston Smith,
describes Lamar as his mentor.
"I came up under his lead-
ership and I am proud that
he was there for me," Watkins

said. "I was with with Lamar
when he took the kids to the
parks for exercises and drills. I
believe that's why I'm a coach
Veronica Lamar, Tyrone's wife
of 19 years, says she is proud
of her husband. I
"He has had a love for chil-
dren since I have known him -
I just wish he could learn how
to take it easy sometimes," she
"It has been 10 years since I
started working with children
and I'm still on the battlefield
for my Lord," he said.

The family of Tequila For-
shee, the innocent 12-year old
victim of last week's shoot-
ing in Miami Gardens, held
a press conference and were
then joined by the Miami Anti-
Gang Strategy team last Mon-
day, urging leaders, residents
and elected officials to work
together to take back their
community. Members of the
Forshee family wore T-shirts
that asked the ominous ques-
tion, "Who's next?"
"My family and I want to ap-
peal to our community, letting
everyone know that unless we
all take a stand against vio-
lence, there will continue to be
more victims," said Glenn For-
shee H, the father of Tequila.
The family was supported by
police officials, including the
chief of the Miami Gardens
police department, service

providers and activists at the
press conference. They joined
the Forshee family in a march
through Miami Gardens later
in the day.

Judge rules 'Messiah' not

appropriate name for baby

By Garrett Haley

A judge in eastern Tennessee
has ruled that two parents can-
not legally name their son "Mes-
Child Support Magistrate
LuAnn Ballew of Tennessee's
4th Judicial District heard ar-
guments between Jawaan Mc-
Cullough and Jaleesa Martin
of Cocke County regarding a
dispute over their baby's name.
The baby, who was born on Jan-
uary 9th, was initially named
"Messiah Deshawn Martin" by
his mother, but McCullough
wanted the child's last name to
be "McCullough" instead. Mc-
Cullough and Martin are not
In her verdict,, Judge Ballew
ruled that the seven-month-old
baby should have the father's
last name-not the mother's.
However, she also decided that
"Messiah" was inappropriate for
a baby name, and determined
that the child's first name
should instead be "Martin."
Official court documents ob-
tained by local affiliate WBIR
include Ballew's reasons for
ordering the name change. Not
only does she support the ruling
as a fair compromise between
the disputing parents, but she
argues that "it is not in this
child's best interest to keep the
first name, 'Messiah.'Messiah'
means Savior, Deliverer, the
One who will restore God's
Kingdom," the judge continued.
"'Messiah' is a title that is held
only by Jesus Christ."
In closing, Ballew referenced
eastern Tennessee's large
Christian population, saying

"it is highly likely that [the boy]
will offend many Cocke County
citizens by calling himself 'Mes-
Following the judge's deci-
sion, the baby's mother ex-
pressed indignation, saying she
was "shocked" be the unexpect-
ed verdict.
"I never intended on nam-
ing my son Messiah because it
means God," she told report-
ers, "and I didn't think a judge
could make me change my ba-
by's name because of her reli-
gious beliefs ... Everybody be-
lieves what they want so I think
I should be able to name my
child what I want to name him,
not someone else."
According to,
Hedy Weinberg of the Tennessee
ACLU criticized Judge Ballew's
decision as an illegal promotion
of the Christian faith.
"Parents, not government,
have the right to give a child a
name," Weirnberg stated. "While
the judge certainly has a right
to her religious faith, she can-
not impose that faith on people
who come to her courtroom."
Although "Messiah" as a
name is unusual, it is certainly
not unheard of. Data from the
U.S. Social Security Adminis-
tration shows that "Messiah" is
the 387th most popular male
name in the country-up from
the 904th spot in 2005.
Nevertheless, Judge Ballew
still believes giving a child such
a name is an unwise decision.
"The word 'Messiah' is a title,"
she told WBIR, "and it's a title
that has only been earned by
one person-and that one per-
son is Jesus Christ.

Gone but not forgotten?

Have you forgotten

so soon about your departed

loved one? Keep them in

your memory with an

in memorial or a

happy birthday remembrances

in our obituary section.

Call classified 305-694-6225

TOe tiami time





Mom has biggest impact on girls body image.
Mom has biggest impact on girls' body image

Women urged to avoid talk of diet,

weight with their young daughters

By Dana Hunsinger Benbow

Hannah McKenna wears her
hair in two braided pigtails. She
watches "Backyardigans" on
Nick Jr. She is far away from
those tough teenage years.
Yet, Hannah came home this
summer with a scary question
for her mom: "Can I go on a
diet?"' "
SScary for Susie McKenna be-
cause Hannah is only 8, and

BIW ,4' -

the Zionsville, Ind., mom wasn't
sure why diet was even in her
daughter's vocabulary.
"I try to never say anything
about weight," said McKenna,
who also has 3-year-old daugh-
ter Amelia. "I don't do the diets
where you replace a meal with a
shake. I don't want her to ever
see me eating differently than
the rest of the family."
McKenna is right on point
when it comes to helping her

q :mI


Mother and her daughter at the grocery store purchasing
apples. She has made a conscious effort to not mention diet-
ing and weight.

u.". C.
~ .r2K"


~. ';~ -~

Mother and her daughter race back home during the final
stretch of their half hour jog around their neighborhood.

young daughters develop a
positive body image avoid-
ing talk about weight, diets and
outer appearances, experts say.
Because it's not the media or
skinny, out-of-proportion Bar-
bie dolls or even peer pressure
that is the No. 1 cause of body
issues for young girls.
It's their mothers.
"Moms are probably the
most important influence on a
daughter's body image," said
Dr. Leslie Sim, clinical director
of Mayo Clinic's eating disor-
ders program and a child psy-

chologist. "Even if a mom says
to the daughter, 'You look so
beautiful, but IFm so fat,' it can
be detrimental."
Research has shown time and
time again that the same-sex
parent is the most important
role model for a child. So when
it comes to weight and body is-
sues, Sim has strong opinions
on what mothers should be do-
7"Zero talk about dieting, zero
talk about weight," she said.
"Zero comments not only about
your daughter's weight, obvi-

ously, but zero talk about your
weight and even other people's
Hannah said her request to
go on a diet had less to do with
weight and more to do with
wanting to be healthier after a
nutrition lesson at soccer camp
this summer.
"We had been talking about
like not eating sugar and what
was protein and what was
grain," Hannah said. "I'm like
'Hmm.' I started thinking about
,a diet then."
Of course, McKenna nixed
that-idea. She stuck with her
focus on lifestyle, instead.
"I always frame it as we want
to do this to be healthier," she
It's a mother-daughter ,ex-
ample that Kelley Stokesbary
wishes was mimicked by more
As council director for Girls
on the Run of Hamilton County,
a nonprofit with a mission to in-
spire young girls to be healthy
and confident, she sees the
negative effects moms talking
about weight can have on girls.
The program caters to third-,
fourth- and fifth-graders. But
Stokesbary is convinced girls
with negative body images are
"picking it up from home" as
young as kindergarten and first

"They are learning it from
Mom and Grandma," she said.
Stokesbary encourages moms
to replace talk about outer ap-
pearances with compliments on
the "math facts she aced or that
she delivered a funny joke suc-
"Take away the external fo-
cus," she said.
Stokesbary isn't just speak-
ing as an expert, either. She is
also the mother of 11-year-old
Maddie, a sixth-grader.
The two got involved in Girls
on the Run when Maddie was
in third grade and came home
talking about how her thighs
were big and asking why she
wasn't built like other girls.
The program has worked.
Now, Maddie will call her mom
out if she is focusing too much
on her own outward appear-
But there is the occasional
hiccup. Stokesbary recently
found her daughter talking
about an article about "how to
get middle school skinny in two
weeks." .
Maddie says she knows that
type of talk is crazy, but she
has in the past worried about
her weight.
Before she found out she was
intolerant to gluten, it would
cause her stomach to bloat. She
Please turn to IMAGE 16B

Players' brain .study finds two

main patterns of symptoms

The report is the

largest on series

of these cases
By Lindsey Tanner
Associated Press

CHICAGO Early signs of a
destructive brain disease linked
with head blows might include
mood 'changes iri youngere'ath-
letes and mental decline at
older ages, a small study of de-
ceased former players suggests.
The researchers think the
disease could involve two dis-
tinct patterns of symptoms, al-
though the study doesn't prove
that the behavior reported by
families was caused by 'the
brain disease, which was found
after the athletes died.,
The study is the largest re-
port on a series of cases involv-
ing autopsy-confirmed chronic
traumatic encephalopathy, or
CTE, said lead author Robert
Stern, a neurology professor
at Boston University's medical
school. It involved 36 former
athletes mostly professional
football players who'd expe-
rienced repeated head blows.
Their brains were donated for
research by their families.
The results were published
online Wednesday in the jour-
nal Neurology. Results were
based on brain imaging after
death, medical records and
family interviews. Players in-
volved were all men, aged 17 to
98. Six died from suicide.


A small study of athletes' brains found two main symptom

patterns related to CTE.
In younger players, mood
and behavior changes, includ-
ing depression and explosive
tempers, began appearing at an
average age of 35, long before
mental decline. But in older
players, mental decline, start-
ing around age 59, was the
first symptom.
Overall, 22 players first de-
veloped mood or behavior
changes and 11 initially had
memory problems or other
mental decline. Three players
had no symptoms.
The results echo research
in former boxers with "punch
drunk" symptoms, but that
evidence didn't include brain
imaging, .Stern said.
He said he hopes the study

will help lead to ways of diag-
nosing CTE before death and
treating the disease.
The researchers acknowl-
edged the study's limitations,
including the small size and
lack of a comparison group of
former players without the dis-
ease. Larger studies might re-
veal other distinct patterns of
symptoms, they said.
Little is known about CTE
and its causes; but repeated
head injuries including con-
cussions are thought to be a
risk factor. The disease process
is thought to begin long before
symptoms appear and involves
an increasing buildup of ab-
normal proteins in the brain.
But Stern said, "there's no

way to ever make a link directly
between symptoms" and brain
disease found after death.
Jeffrey Kutcher, director of a
University of Michigan sports
neurology program, echoed
that comment and said the
study athletes' symptoms could
have been caused by something
other than CTE, including de-
pression, medication use, sleep
deprivation, or normal aging.
Several- former NFL stars
have been diagnosed with the
disease after death in recent
years, including Junior Seau,
Dave Duerson and Ray East-
erling, who all had troubling
symptoms and committed sui-
SThousands of former players
have sued the NFL, claiming
the league withheld informa-
tion about damaging effects of
repeated head blows and con-
"The bottom line is, there's
very little direct evidence of
chronic effects of head trau-
ma," Kutcher said. "As a neu-
rologist, I know that brains
don't like to experience" repeat-
ed head blows. "On the other
side, I know that the majority
of people who experience these
forces do not have life-altering
clinical outcomes."
A recent'National Institutes
of Health report said big ques-
tions remain for CTE research,
including how prevalent it is;
do genes make some people
more vulnerable to it and how
can it. be diagnosed before

Drinking more than
28 cups of coffee a
week may be harm-
ful for people young-
er than 55, according
,to a study.

Heavy coffee drinking

linked to higher death risk

By Cathy Payne

The debate over coffee's
health risks continues to
brew. A new study, out
Thursday, finds that heavy
coffee consumption is associ-
ated with a higher death risk
in men and women younger
than 55.
In the stuay published on-
line in the journal Mayo Clin-
ic Proceedings, men younger
than 55 who drank more
than 28 cups of coffee a week
(four cups a day) were 56%
more likely to have died from
any cause. Women in that age
range had a twofold great-
er risk of dying than other
women. The study looked at
43,727 men and women ages
20-87 from 1971 to 2002.
"From our study, it seems
sale to drink one to three
cups of coffee a day," says
the study's second co-author
Xuemei Sui. "Drinking more
than four cups of coffee a day
may endanger health," says
Sui, assistant professor of ex-
ercise science with the Arnold

School of Public Health at the
University of South Carolina
in Columbia. She defines a
cup of coffee as 6 to 8 ounces.
The study did not find a
higher death risk for adults
55 and older. Sui says there
may be a bias the research
may not include unhealthy
older people because they
might have already died.
The reasons for the higher
death risk among younger
adults are not clear since ex-
perts through the years have
found both health benefits
and problems associated with
Sui says the caffeine in cof-
fee can elevate heart rate as
well as raise blood pressure
and blood sugar levels. How-
ever, coffee is a major source
of antioxidants, she says. '
Sui says the study didn't
find a significant association
between coffee consump-
tion and heart disease death.
Further research is needed
to look at any connection be-
tween coffee and cancer, she

Ideology, disease and Big OJ clash over our breakfast

By Richard Tren

Beef might be what's for din-
ner, but at breakfast, orange
juice is king. Americans love
their oranges so much so
that nearly 70 percent of Amer-
ican households buy orange
juice. But they may be in for a
Orange growers have been
desperately battling a disease
that could wipe out the U.S.
citrus industry, and "Made in
America" orange juice along
with it. In 2005, "citrus green-
ing" showed up in Florida or-'.
ange groves. Named for the
Stunted, unripe fruit that in-
fected trees produce, the dis-
ease is spread when Asian cit-
rus psyllids (which looks like a
cicada's ugly little sister) feed
on citrus trees. There is no

"The long and short of it is
that the industry that made

Florida, that is synonymous
with Florida ... is totally threat-
ened," Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla.,
told The New York Times. "If we
don't find a cure, it will elimi-
nate the citrus industry." He
has helped secure $11 million
in research money to combat
the disease.
Some in the industry have
pinned their hopes on the de-
velopment of a genetically en-
gineered orange variety that
would be immune to the dis-
ease. In pursuing this solution,
they're following the path that
led to salvation for the Hawai-
ian papaya industry. Devastat-
ed by the ringspot virus in the
1990s, the industry was nearly
wiped out until resistant vari-
eties of papaya were developed
through genetic engineering.

But these solutions take
time, even for a cultural icon.
That's the one resource that
orange growers don't have. "We

110 low. S ^"" ""

--Photo: Michael Rogers/AP
The Asian citrus psyllid feeds on the liquid .inside citrus
leaves and is the only transmitter of a disease threatening to
wipe out "Made in America" orange juice.
are to the point now that to of it 24/7," grower Mark Wheel-
stay alive in .this type of envi- er told The Times, citing a 30
ronment, you have to be on top percent to 40 percent crop loss

a year for some orchards.
To date, the only treatment
that works in slowing down the
spread of citrus greening is kill-
ing the psyllids before they can
infect trees. The best defense
has come from application of a
class of pesticide called neonic-
"Neonic crop protection for
citrus is currently the only thing
we have that can ensure the
U.S. citrus industry survives
citrus greening long enough
to be rescued by (genetic engi-
neering) technology," professor
Michael Rogers of the Univer-
sity of Florida told me. "Using
neonics to protect young trees
buys the time we need to de-
velop a genetically engineered
citrus tree, prove its biological
and commercial viability, gain
regulatory approvals and plant
it on a commercial scale."

But if anti-agriculture tech-
nology activists have their way,

the last-ditch pesticide would
be banned. Some groups op-
pose its use as a matter of prin-
ciple. Others, such as Beyond
Pesticides and the Center for
Food Safety, believe that the
chemicals harm bees. The fact
that many of the same groups
fighting the pesticide are also
fighting the kind of genetic en-
gineering that would displace
it show where they are really
coming from.
At the same time that these
groups have sued the Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency
to ban the pesticide, Florida
growers have successfully lob-
bied the agency to allow greater
application of the pesticide.
Working in Africa on malaria
issues, I have seen what hap-
pens when governments act
on ideology by banning chemi-
cals that provide an imperfect
solution before a better solu-
tion arrives. It is not pretty.
We shouldn't repeat those mis-


New abortion restrictions tak

States ban procedures where doctor

gives drug during videoconference10.

By Kimberly Railey

The war over abortion is going
Missouri last month joined
six other states that have en-
acted bans this year on abor-
tion by telemedicine. That's a
process in which women take
pregnancy-ending medication
that a doctor remotely adminis-
ters during a video conference.
The practice, available to
women in their first nine weeks
of pregnancy, is now prohib-
ited in 11 states, according to
the Guttmacher Institute, a
research group that supports
abortion rights.

In Iowa where telemedicine
abortions were pioneered the
Board of Medicine voted in June
to effectively shut the practice
down, and state legislators have
declined to intervene in the dis-
pute. A public hearing before
the board is set for Aug. 28.
"Telemedicine is spreading
across the country in chronic
disease and mental health care,
but abortion's the only way
we're seeing it restricted," says
Elizabeth Nash, state issues
manager at the Guttmacher
Institute. "Whenever there's an
advancement in health care, an
abortion restriction is never far

-roto: larnir rala, AP
Hundreds of abortion rights demonstrators rally outside of
the Texas State Captiol on July 15, 2013, to protest recent
legislation that could shut down all but five clinics and restrict
abortion rights throughout the state.

e a digital
The Guttmacher Institute woman,
and other supporters of abor- dose while
tion rights say it is safe and Two ad(
legal, and it expands abortion at home,
access in rural areas where no is aborted
doctors offer them. Critics such scheduled
as the anti-abortion group Op- "Pills a
eration Rescue counter that the like Tic I
system is plagued by a lack of man, pn
oversight and can be danger- Rescue. "
ous for women if they suffer medical t
any side effects such as exces- any other
sive bleeding, nausea or vomit- Betweer
ing. 1.52 mill
In the telemedicine abortion used med
method, a patient is examined proved b3
by a nurse at a clinic and then Drug Adi
participates in a video confer- according
ence for several minutes with a cases, ti
physician working in a different been link
office. The doctor gives the drug infections
using a computer that remotely determine
opens a drawer in front of the itively cau

who takes the first
e the doctor observes.
Iditional pills are taken
where her pregnancy
d. A follow-up visit is
id within two weeks.
are being distributed
'acs," says Troy New-
esident of Operation
Nobody would accept
treatment like that for
a 2000 and 2011,
ion U.S. women have
dication abortion, ap-
y the U.S. Food and
ninistration in 2000,
g to the FDA. In rare
these abortions have
:ed to sometimes-fatal
s, but the FDA has not
ied that the drug defin-
ised those deaths.

How do you lose over 100 pounds?

Do like Jenny Craig and get rid of

all of your celebrity endorsers

By Bruce Horovitz

Quick: Which weight-loss
company has featured actress
Valerie Bertinelli in its ads?
Or Jennifer Hudson? Or
Mariah Carey? Or, ugh, big, bad
Charles Barkley?
If you're not sure, you've
got plenty of company. That's
'one major reason why Jenny
Craig, which uses Bertinelli,
announced that it will feature
far fewer celebs going forward
and, instead, will roll out a new
animated advertising campaign
that comes without the big ce-
lebrity endorsement fees.
(If you're keeping score, Hud-
son and Barkley have starred
for Weight Watchers and Carey
for Jenny Craig.). -
At issue: Can consumers
remember which highly paid
celebs hype which products?
Or, even more centLral: Are ce-
lebnrtv endorsers worth all the
dough? According to the folks

at Ace Metrix, spokes-celebs
may be doing a lot more to help
their own bottom lines than the
products they hype.
Overall, ads without celebri-
ties rate slightly better with con-
sumers than ads with celebri-
ties, according to a recent study
by Ace Metrix, a syndicated ad.
testing-specialist. While the av-
erage Ace Metrix score of all ce-
lebrity spots in the study was
515, the average score for ads
without celebs ranked slightly
higher, at 529.
"Celebrities can be very po-
larizing," explains Peter Daboll,
CEO of Ace Metrix. So, if half
the consumers love the celeb in
a spot and half hate-the star,
he says, "you're cutting off half
of your potential audience."
Among the most polarizing
celebs, he says:, Tiger Woods,
Kim Kardashian, Justin Bieber
and Sarah Jessica Parker.
When clients ask Daboll
whether to use a celeb in a

, o .1 1 A
Valerie Baertinelli leads team
Jenny in a 3-mile run.
spot, he says he offers one word
of advice: don't. "A good story
always works better than just
slapping a celebrity in an ad."
But celebrity broker Noreen
Jenny Laffey, president of Ce-
lebrity Endorsement Network,
says it's not that simple par-
ticularly with. weight-loss ad
campaigns. "The problem isn't
the celebrity." she says, but
the fact that celebs in weight-
loss ads all pretty much do and

say the same thing: I used this
product, and I lost weight.
That's not only boring but
also confusing. "It's hard when
you have competitive products
using celebrities to basically
say the same thing," she says.
The cola and sneaker giants
face these same problems, she
notes. "You need to do some-
thing totally different that
stands out."
Not easy. So Jenny Craig's
new marketing chief, Leesa
Eichberger, turned to the ad
agency Havas Worldwide New
York for something different.
The new, animated ads will fo-
cus on the company's food and
its one-on-one support. Gone:
all the bright lights, celebrity
spokespeople and requisite "be-
Sfore and after" imagery, Eich-
berger says,
Daboll, the numbers-crunch-
' ing CEO at Ace Metrix. says
it has a decent shot at work-
ing if only because it's not
just another overweight ce-
lebrity bragging about losing
some tonnage. "I'd suggest it's
a smart move."

Study reveals young

adults aren't having

more sex on campus

By Sharon Jayson

Sex on college campuses
isn't any more prevalent than
it was 25 years ago, despite
what's often termed a "hookup
culture" that suggests other-
wise, says research presented
today comparing current-day
college students with those of
the past.
"Sexual behavior among
contemporary college students
has not changed greatly over
the past 2V/ decades," says the
study, from the University of
Portland in Oregon, presented
at the American Sociological
Association's meeting in New
York City.
"We're questioning some of
the popular interpretations of
the hookup culture that col-
lege is a sexual playground,"
says lead author Martin Mon-
to. "We wanted to question the
assumption that college has

become a place with lots of no-
strings-attached sex. The evi-
dence suggests it hasn't."
The researchers analyzed
nationally representative data
from the General Social Survey
of 1,829 high school graduates
ages 18-25 who had complet-
ed at least one year of college.
They compared responses from
1988-1996 were compared
with those from 2002-2010
- when casual sex, "friends
with benefits" and no-strings
relationships became part of
the lexicon. Most respondents
were ages 21-25.
Rather than a sexual explo-
sion, the study says, young
adults "do not report more
total sexual partners or more
partners during the past
year than respondents from
the previous era. In fact, re-
spondents from the hookup
era report having sex slightly
Please turn to SEX 18B

Florida infant dies after i L

ingesting detergent pod I I

7-month-old boy who died could be

the first such death in the nation

By Arelis R. Hernlndez

A 7-month-old boy died af-
ter eating a laundry detergent
packet in Kissimmee last week
- highlighting the dangers
poison control officials have
been warning of for more than
a year as the products have
become wildly popular among
Kissimmee authorities re-
sponded last Friday afternoon
to a battered women's shelter
where the child's mother re-
ported she had placed deter-
gent pods handed out by
the shelter inside a laundry
basket on the bed where her
son was sleeping.
She stepped away and when
she returned, the baby boy
had eaten one packet -f the
highly-concntu'ra d rL7.aning
chemicals atnd was starting
on a second one. a xod'in to
Stacie Miller, a Kiq.imincs Lp-

lice spokeswoman.
"I didn't realize how potent
those things are," Miller said. -
The child was coughing
when emergency respond-
ers arrived but was alert and
breathing, according to a po-
lice incident report. Shelter
staff helped the distraught
mother remove the empty
packet and clear phlegm from
the infant's mouth.
The baby was transported
to Osceola Regional Medical
Center, where his condition,
worsened and he died.
If confirmed, his could be
the first reported death in the
nation tied to the detergent
packets, though so far this
year alone, more than 5,000
children have been sickened
by them, according to the
American Association of Poi-
son Control Centers.
The Florida Department of
Children and Families con-

" firmed the infant, Michael
Williams, ingested the laun-
,dry packet but said it will take
weeks before medical examin-
ers can make an official ruling
on the cause of death.
In a statement, DCF spokes-
woman Terri Durdaller wrote:
"The death of little Michael is
a tragedy. It reminds all of us
as parents the dangers of leav-
ing household cleaning sup-
plies around our little ones."
The Centers for Disease Con-
trol and Prevention warned in
a report last year that, "chil-
dren might be attracted to the
pods because their colorful
appearance and size are simi-
lar to candy."
The soft, colorful and
squishy exterior of the laun-
dry packets could easily be
mistaken by babies or tod-
dlers who get their hands on
them when their parents are
doing laundry, officials said.
According to state Department
of Health data, 20 children in
Florida die each year on aver-
age from accidental poisoning.

Girls influenced by mom's views

continued from 15B

would get called mean names at
"I felt because all my friends
are really thin I thought that
maybe I should try to eat less,"
she said.
Instead, with the help of her
mom, she is focusing on eating
Moms should talk about
natural body changes in young
girls, especially when they are
hitting puberty. Weight gain is
normal during that time.
The consequences of not
encouraging a healthy body
image can lead to low self-es-
teem, depression and eating
disorders. There has even been
research that links cigarette
smoking to girls with negative

body images, perhaps because
-fh'-y think it will help curtail
their hunger.
Christy Glesing says she
made a conscious decision
when her three girls were ba-
bics to not only be a good role
model, but to also avoid talk-
ing about weight altogether
around them.
"I purposefully don't talk
about dieting," said Olesing,
Indianapolis, the mother of
14-year-old Shannon, 12-year-
old Ashley and 9-year-old Pay-
ton. "Even if I think I need to
lose a few pounds."
The subject has always made
her uncomfortable. She didn't
like hearing girlfriends talk
about how they needed to lose
weight in high school and she
doesn't want her daughters to
have to hear it from her now.

Instead, she leads by ex-
ample. That includes a family
tradition of getting up early
with the girl to make healthy
smoothies for breakfast. She
and her husband, Jon, have
also been physically active as
a couple and all three girls are
in swimming.
Even with the efforts, there
has been occasional talk of di-
eting from her daughters.
When that happens, Glesing
said she takes a behind-the-
scenes approach, replacing the
junk food in the cabinets with
healthier foods and stepping
up her own healthy eating in
front of the girls.
"It is leading by example,"
she said. "Can we do better?
Yes. We can always do better.
But the key is leaving a posi-
tive message for them."

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"Once You Know, It's Where To Go"



. ''-" -. o U ,- -,
The old-school parental claim that their offspring should
never have premarital sex under their roof is yielding to a
more accepting attitude about their growing and grown
children's sexuality.

So. FL Meals on

Wheels stuggles

to feed seniors

By Heather Carney
Federal budget cuts are
forcing some seniors in Bro-
ward and Palm Beach coun-
ties to go hungry.
The Broward Meals on
Wheels program served its
last meals in Cooper City and ,
Wilton Manors this week, said
Meals on Wheels Executive
Director Mark Adler.
Palm Beach County isn't

closing sites in Boca Raton,
Delray Beach or Boynton
Beach. But Elizabeth Lugo,
director for the Volen Center,
said she hasn't been able to
add more seniors to the meals
program since September
"Food is such a basic neces-
sity that we really need to
prioritize and think about
our older adults," said Lugo.
"We can't have people going

--Brad Stutzman
Mary Alexander eats lunch at the Boca Center.

without a meal they need
proper nutrition."
Cuts to the senior meal
programs have been looming
since the federal government
reduced spending across the

board earlier this year. The
cuts decreased funding for the
Older Americans Act, which
finances the senior meal
programs in Broward and
Please turn to SENIORS 18B

ihg< ito. teai-.of sociologists. -after 'the es- arcd-ers applied
ed^ 'by' -Columbia' sgza a. to
deathsintheU.r s t h coued20wrsciiated- Withectsh
dehographer. That est-matees.hOF
: W1 .,] -C, -. d.,a, :.,,.to-.
Si iaa>H;Mjy\ ;:', : .''^':^f'it rai ~t.t could demographei. That estimate, exam gob tyacrossthe
d. "" " L.'published orline Thursday in U.S u]afopn.
,- ".:-",;",: '. ; ,, '. i -" ".: : [ ie ^ Be ati B U,.S.'- p:q i3a,'
- T .hath lothnb6ati e ,American vl i u ofPUblcU istdria survey
Ci.'.. O)OS^^iVbe- os g H ^ grmi~~~-Hea _tb far higher than, the da-.thestdy athors tot-
&a-'i'- '."e t toll-..t widely cited'- vi-e-ces. in- ecess
*~~eb *B.f 1 --a~hic^ r8B

NSMC welcomes Shana

Crittenden as new COO

North Shore Medical Center
is proud to announce the ap-
pointment of Shana S. Critten-
den, as the hospital's new chief
operating officer.
In her new position, Critten-
den will be responsible for the
day-to-day operations of the
357-bed acute care hospital in-
cluding the C. Gordon Griffith
Community Cancer Center and
the new Comprehensive Breast
She will also oversee the con-
struction and complete reno-
vation of the hospital's 5-star
rated maternity unit, which will
include all private rooms.
Crittenden will work with the
leadership team at North Shore
Medical Center to continue to
ensure each patient receives
the best care possible in a warm
and respectful environment.
Prior to her appointment at
North Shore Medical Center,
Crittenden served as the chief
operating officer at Westside
Regional Medical Center and
Plantation General Hospital,
both located in Broward coun-
She has also served as asso-
ciate administrator at Henrico
Doctors' Hospital in Richmond,
Virginia and JFK Medical Cen-

ter in Atlantis, Florida. Crit-
tenden is an active member of
the healthcare community and
is affiliated with the Ameri-
can College of Healthcare Ex-
ecutives and the South Florida
Health Executive Forum.
Crittenden received her
Bachelor of Science in Biology/
Pre-Medicine from the Univer-
sity of Illinois and her Master
of Public Health, Health Policy
and Administration from Emo-
ry University. -

:.-t 4.

Youthful cohabitation reflects shift in U.S. life

continued from 17B
to some, the truth is youthful
cohabitation is already a fact of
life. Research compiled by the
Centers for Disease Control and
Pre-entliiion shows that by age
18, nine percent- nearly one
in 10 of women have cohabi-
tated. By age 20, that number
shoots up to 26 percent, and
growii.s While there are no
good statistics on how many of
dhese cohabitating couples are
also lhinig with parents, the fact
that rising numbers of young
people are still living with par-
ents suggests that some overlap
is quite likely. Over half of those
ages I8-24 live with at least one
These trends are reflective
of a larger shift in American
life, brought on as much by
economic pressures as social
change. Americans are rapidly
becoming more flexible in their

attitudes about what family life
"ought" to be. The expectation
that kids live as dependent mi-
nors until they move out, get a
job, get married and start fami-
lies of their own is giving way
to families and couples choos-
ing their living situations based
on individual needs rather than
traditional definitions. The old-
school parental claim that their
offspring should never have
premarital sex under their roof
is yielding to a more accepting
attitude about. their growing
and grown children's sexual-
ity. It makes sense that this
attitude would extend beyond
the 21-year-old living at home
to the 16-year-old enmeshed in
her first relationship.
Although these changes
might make some people un-
comfortable, the evidence sug-
gests that it's a good thing. Re-
searchers Wendy Marning and
Jessica Cohen of Bowling Green
State University found that as

Yes, teenagers who cohabitate were more likely to have un-
stable situations with their family of origin.

teenage cohabitation, rates rose,
teenage marriage rates declined.
While it is true that some of the
teenage cohabitants gave birth,
getting married in your teens is
still the surer route to having a

baby very young. Yes, teenagers
who cohabitate were more like-
ly to have unstable situations
with their family of origin, but
they were still using cohabita-
tion the way adults in their 20s

do, as a way to save money and
spend time with a partner with-
out having to commit to a mar-
riage before they felt ready.

Letting your teenager have
a boyfriend or girlfriend sleep
over, or even move in, takes
away the "sneaking around" as-
pect of teenage romance, and
that also is a good thing. The
research overwhelmingly sug-
gests that the more secretive
a teenager feels she has to be
with her parents about her sex
life, the higher her chances of
having unwanted pregnancy or
sexually transmitted infection.
Various studies compiled by
Advocates for Youth show that
parents who frequently talk
about sexual health and rela-
tionships with their children
have kids who take fewer sexual
In addition, parents who were
accepting of their children's sex

lives and who refrained from
judgmental lectures had kids
who were more likely to confide
in them and were less likely to
have unprotected sex. Though
letting your kids have romantic
sleepovers doesn't necessarily
mean you're having these im-
portant conversations, research
from the Netherlands shows
that. sleepovers and healthier
communication correlated with
fewer pregnancies.
Obviously, every kid and ev-
ery family is different, so there's
no Black or white answer for
how to handle a child's first
sexual relationships. However,
these kinds of statistics dem-
onstrate that the knee-jerk ten-
dency to reject these youthful
relationships and force kids to
sneak around and keep secrets
is something a parent should
strongly reconsider before mak-
ing a final decision on whether
to allow sleepovers, or even co-
habitation, under their roof.

Living together sends wrong values

continued from 17B

example of'a healthy love life.
After multiple marriages, di-
vorces and affairs, Jolie's expe-
rience demonstrates how living
with her boyfriend at age 14 can
be destructive by encouraging a
casual view of love and sex.
-Danny Huizinga; Waco, TX

It is the responsibility of par-
ents and educators to promote
family values, and teen roman-
tic "sleepovers" is not one.
Teens have enough pressures,
but to assume these sleepovers
will lead to wise Please turn to
decisions relevant to cohabit-
ing and marriage is ludicrous.
Kids are exposed to enough sex
Sand violence on TV, computers,

cellphones and ads. We need
more emphasis on sound fam-
ily values.
-Pete Dirlam, Santa, Idaho

Comments from Facebook
are edited for clarity and gram-
Call me-crazy, but I see no
problem with teenagers having
sex as long as they do so safely.
Guess what? That is possible!
Sometimes sex is wonderful,
fun and a joy. This can hap-
pen when young or old people
have sex, amateurs or experi-
enced people, or when married
or unmarried couples do. It's a
worthwhile pursuit, if you ask
,- KarkiMeade

It's a choice of the children
if they want to sneak around

and have premarital sex be-
hind their parents' backs, but
that doesn't mean the parents
should condone it.
Parents have an obligation
to instill moral values in their
-Lauren Poston

Where does Marcotte get
these ideas? We are to be par-
ents, not best friends to our
- Michele Melick Cummings

This commentary demon-
strates the 'thinking' of people
who would abdicate parental
responsibility. The idea of giv-
ing a teenager free rein in the
bedroom, comes from people
who have no idea of morality or
-Paul Coffman

-- -B__SEs_ - ....
-Photo: Spencer Platt
The death toll of the United States' obesity epidemic may be much higher than previously
believed, a new study says.

Figures may be four times higher

continued from 17B

weight status across different
gender, ethnic and age groups.
They combined that data with
existing "mortality risk" sta-
tistics to estimate how many
Americans over age 40 who died
during that 20-year period did
so because of weight-related
The study makes clear that
as obesity has become more
widespread across successive
waves of American p i.t, ri,,'..
it has the momentum to reduce
the average life expectancy of
an entire popiA:.rr.-i for 'many
years to come.
Barring dramatic changems,
"obesity is going to account for
arising share of mrri,;ili'j," said
study leader Ryan K. Masters.

. Americans who became over-
weight or obese as children and
remained so into adulthood
"have borne the greatest brunt
of the obesity epidemic," Mas-
ters said. The evidence suggests
that adults born in the 1970s
and 1980s a generation for
whom excess weight has been
widespread and lifelong will
suffer higher premature death
rates than have older Ameri-
cans, he added.
Though the current study
may detect the leading edge of
that trend, the full effect re-
mains to be tallied by later re-
search, Masters said. And some
premature deaths could still be
prevented by public campaigns
or medical therapies that drive
down obesity or its effect on
The study found that weight-

Cuts to the senior meal

continued from 17B
Palm Beach counties. Lugo
said generous private dona-
tions have allowed her to keep
sites open in south Palm Beach
County, but she said the wait-
ing list for meals is growing.
In both counties, the waiting
List stretches to more than 150
Adler said- he had to make
difficult decisions about clos-
ing sites in Broward since "the
program doesn't have enough
funding to continue serving
through the end of the year."

"We're hoping we don't have
to close anymore," he said.
Adler said the Cooper City
site served fewer people -
about 10 seniors three times a
week compared with other
sites such as the Southwest
Focal Point Senior Center in
Pembroke Pines, which re-
mains open.
"I'm mad like hell It's not
fair," said Elizabeth Villasenor,
74, of Cooper City, who relied
on the well-balanced meals
three times a week. "These
are supposed to be the golden
years for all of us."
The Wilton Manors program

related early mortality had
struck American women hard-
er than men, and that African
American women had suffered
the most.
The premature. deaths of
21.7 percent of white women
between 1986 and 2006 -could
be attributed in part to excess
weight, as could 26.8 percent
of early deaths among African
American women.
Among white men, 15.6 per-
cent of premature deaths in
that period were linked to ex-
cess weight. Among Black men,
the figure was only five percent.
Though African American
men have' high rates of obesity,
they are also more likely than
all other groups to die prema-
turely of other causes, such
as injury or violence, Masters


at thePride Center, which be-
gan serving meals to 80 people
in January, was shut down
last Tuesday since most of the
seniors weren't as needy, said
Adler. He's encouraging "at-
risk" seniors to go to other sites
or consider paying for the low-
cost alternate meal programs.
Avon Oakes, 84, said eating
lunch with the other seniors
gave her a sense of belonging
and a nutritious meal.
On Thursday, the meal was
chili, corn, rice, raisins and
"It's not tragic but it is really
sad," she said.

College is not a sexual playground

continued from 16B.

less frequently."

The term "hookup" can refer
to a wide range of behaviors
and is often vague, ranging
from kissing to oral sex to sex-
ual intercourse.
"The term 'hooking up' is
very provocative and very am-
biguous," Monto said. "So
when researchers ask students
about hooking up, students of-
ten could, be referring to any-
thing from sexual intercourse
to kissing, But when the term
'hooking ip' is used in the
popular media, it is often in-
terpreted as sex. That has led
to an assumption that college
students' sex-ual behavior has
changed dramatically." But
the study does suggest a shift

to the casual. Rather than 'sex
with a spouse or partner, re-
cent respondents were more
likely to report having sex with

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annual pastoral anniversary.
Let God be the master build-
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Hebrew 11:8-10.
Come out and partake in this
inheritance, Wednesday, Sep-
tember 4- Friday, September 6
at 7:30 p.m.
For further information, con-
tact Elder Akeama Clark 305-
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a casual date/pickup (44 per-
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or a friend (69 percent vs. 56




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Public servant Patterson dies I A _. N. ,, AA

Mr. Clarance Patterson was
born to the late Frank and Ro-
setta (Henderson) Patterson,
and was preceded in death by
two sons Clarence Patterson,
Jr. and Robert Patterson. He
married his current wife Alber-
tha Wilks Patterson on April 27,
He graduated from Jenkins
County High School, Millen, GA
and attended courses at Flor-
ida International University,
University of North Carolina
and the Staff Institute Training
Center in Washington, D.C.
He started his career in pub-
lic service with the City of Sa-
vannah, GA the AFL-CIO and
served Dade County Florida
from 1965 through 2011.
Patterson had a long record
of public service in Miami-Dade
County serving as Superin-
tendent of Soid Waste Depart-

ment, Assistant City Manager
of Miami Springs, Director of

Department of Public Works,
North Miami City Manager and
City Manager of Opa-locka.
He leaves his loving wife, Al-
bertha; one son, Theodore;
seven daughters, Michelle
Dismuke, Wanda Houston
(Michael), Alicia Walton, Lou-
ise Williams, Andrea Davis,
Deborah Brown and Deshield
Thompson; two daughters-in
law, Glenda and Corrice; one
brother, Eddie (Charlotte); one
sister, Roberta Hazzard; two
sisters-in-law, Francis and Wil-
helmina; twelve grandchildren;
Robert, Jr., Chaz, George Smith,
Chante, Octavia, Crystal, Jus-
tin, Dominick, Yolanda J. Fel-
ton, Chris Williams, Milonda
Houston and Michael Houston;
seven great-grandchildren.
Service 10 a.m., Saturday,
September 7 at New Birth
Cathedral of Faith.

HIV activist Carl Roberson dies

By Wayne K. Roustan

Carl Roberson, a passion-
ate and outspoken advocate
for people living with HIV and
AIDS, died of cancer Sunday
night. He was 58.
The Broward resident, who
had battled HIV for some two
decades, began his advocacy in
1990. He became a member of
the Broward County HIV Health
Services Planning Council in
1995 and served as chairman
from 2004 to 2006.
.In a 1997 interview with the
Sun Sentinel, he said he didn't
know what to 'do when he test-
ed positive for HIV. 'My world
crashed in and Ihad absolutely
nothing," he said, but his diag-
nosis was fuel for the work that
would follow.
S"As long as I'm alive and as
long as AIDS is still around,
'll'be here to educate, and the
most important thing I can tell
you is that anyone can get it."
Roberson said in: the interview.
Over the years Roberson also
chaired the council's Executive,
Joint Priorities, By-Laws, Mem-
bership and Council' Develop-
ment, and Joint Planning com-
His leadership shaped the

council in so many
ways that his work
will endure, said
council employee Mi-
chele Rosiere.
"He was always
strong in making
his point," she said. 1
"But in this last year
we really got to see
a kind, sweet side of ROBE
Carl." 1 .
Current council chairwom-

Death Notice

born on February 1, 1924 in
Cairo, GA. She was the Matri-
arch of the Davis Family. She
became and established busi-
ness woman who acquired prop-
erty in the Historic Overtown
Community located at 2151
NW 6th Ave., 1141 and 1143
NW 6th Ave., and 375 NW 6th
St., where she provided shel-
ter for many who needed room
and board. Thelma's love for her
family and community was gen-
erous, unconditional and shown
in countless ways. On August
23, 2013, her king called her
home. Her soul winged its flight
from this world of sin, sorrow

S.... an Samantha Kuryla
said, "He was a gener-
ous human being. He
would always go out of
his way to help some-
one get into care or
find resources or just
to talk to if they were
newly diagnosed, so he
was an amazing hu-
SON man being."
Funeral arrange-
ments are pending.

and pain to a place of eternal
rest, Funeral Arrangements are
incomplete. Arrangements en-
trusted to Gregg L. Mason Fu-
neral Home.

* Transportation

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We Speak English
Nous Parlons Francais
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Assistance to apply and
recertify for Food Stamps
& Medicaid

Revival Center
6702 N.W. 15th Avenue

St. Mark Missionary
Baptist Church
1470 N.W. 87th Street

Liberty City Church
of Christ
1263 N.W. 67th Street
I ,Iil.'k

Jordan Grove Missionary
Baptist Church
5946 N.W. 12th Avenue

New Vision For Christ
13650 N.E. 10th Avenue

Order of Services
Early Sunday Worship 7 30 a mn
Sunday School 930 a m
Sunday MorningWorship II aom
Sunday Evenmng Ser,ice 6 p in
s dayPNayr Mov ng7 30p pm
L S''rdnesday BiSlbSudy 7 30 p m

See the Grand Master of Celestial Lodge,
Architect of the Universe
I 'I

Zion Hope
Missionary Baptist
5129 N.W. 17th Avenue
Order of Services
Sunday School 9 30 a m
MornlngPralse/Worship l1ami
FIrst and Third Sunday
I evening worhip at hp m
Prayer M eetingi9 bleSludy
\^ & \ Ibl iudy Tuesday 730pm

Moon Wd6 O
Hosanna Community
Baptist Church
2171 N.W. 56th Street

Order of Services
t I Sunday School 9 45 a m
Worship II oam
Ibhi Sludy Thursday 7 30 p m
Y foulh Ministry
S illon-.Wed 6 p.m

Church of Christ
4561 N.W. 33rd Court

L b Order of Services
SLord DOay Sunday School 945am
Sunday Morning Worship II1 a m
unday Evening Worship 6m in
uesday 1.1ah 11,1ble Siudy7 7 fln,,

New Birth Baptist Church, The Cathedral of Faith International
2300 N.W. 135th Street

Order of Services
Sunday Worship 7 a.m.,
11 a.m., 7 p.m.
Sunday School 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday (Bible Study) 6:45p.m.
Wednesday Bible Study
10:45 a.m.

1 (800) 254-NBBC
Fax: 305-685-0705

Pembroke Park Church of Christ
3707 S.W. 56th Avenue Hollywood, FL 33023

o!wl I Order of Services

Sunday Services
Early Worship 7:30 a.m.
Bible Study 9a.m.
worship 10 a.m.
Evening Worship 6 p.m.

Wednesday Service
Bible Study 7:30 p.m.

St. John Baptist Church Mt. Calvary Missionary
1328 N.W. 3rd Avenue Baptist Church
1140 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.


* i- .. M

.--;-- Order of Services 3
Sunday School 9 a.m.
-Word of Worship

i"es.) 7 p m.

Order of Services
AMon ihru Fn Noon Day Pryer
Bibe Study, Thuri 7 1pm.
Sunday Worship 711 a m
SSunday School 930 am

I, i i, ;


KATTIE McCARTHY, 87, house-
keeper, died,
August 21. Ser-
vice 11 a.m.,
Saturday in the

68, material
handler, died
August 20.
Service 2 p.m.,
Saturday at
Mt. Calvary.
Missionary d
Baptist Church.

JAMES CARTER, 81, died
August 24.
Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday in the

school teacher, died August 22.
Final rite and burial entrusted to
Redmond Richardson Funeral


retired Dade-
County School .A:
died August i
21 at Archibald
Hospital in
Thomasville, g l
GA. Service 11
a.m., Saturday
at Mt. Calvary Baptist Church in
Cairo, GA. Arrangements entrusted
to Bruton Mortuary, 635 Bruton
Street, Bainbridge, GA 39819: 229-

Nakla Ingraham
WAYMAN JAMES, 68, retired

of Western
employee _

Electric, AT&T jB "
and Southern
Bell, died
August 21i
at Memorial
Regional B___.__
H o s p ita l .
Viewing 6-8 p.m., Friday at Greater
Ebenezer Missionary Baptist
Church at 816 NW 1st Avenue,
Hallandale. Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday at the church.

AJ Manuel

57, hairstylist,
died August
17 at Memorial
Hospital West.
Service 10
a.m., Tuesday
at Hopewell
Missionary! \
Baptist Church.



76, retired, died -p-
August 20 at
University of
Miami Hospital. 4.H .
Service 10
a.m., Saturday
at Greater
Holy Cross
Baptist Church.

57, monitor tech,
died August 13. 1l
Service 2 p.m.,
Saturday in the
chapel.N "

82, retired
veteran, died
August 26 at
VA Hospital.
are incomplete.

Hadley Davis
Miami Gardens
died August
9 at Jackson
North Hospital.
Service 10 a.m.,
Saturday in the

66, packer,
died August
21 at Jackson
H o s p ital.
Service 12
p.m., Saturday
at Evangelist
International Chu

ramp helper,
died August
24 at Memorial
H o s p ital.
Service 11 a.m.,
Friday at New
Way Fellowship
Praise and
Worship Center.


Hadley Davis MLK
48, homemaker,
died August 22
at Adult Living
Facility. Service
1 p.m., Saturday
at Macedonia
Baptist Church.

social worker,
died at Jackson
Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday at Mt.
Hermon AME
Church in Ft.

clerk, died
EVERETT, 70, August 19
at Jackson

Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday at
Mount Calvary

AUDREY LYTTLE, 66, material
manager, died
August 22
at Memorial
Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday in the

died August
24 at home.
Service 11
a.m., Saturday
at Antioch
Baptist Church
of Miami

36, died August 10. Services were

ROY DIXON, 53, died August 18.
Services were held.

manager, died August 25 at home.
Arrangements are incomplete.

Hall Ferguson Hewitt
46, laborer,
died August
21 at Kendall
Medical Center.
S u r v i v o r s

Latoya and
Brittany Hightower; son, Albert
Hightower, Jr.; host of brothers,
sister, and other family members.
Viewing 12 p.m. 7 p.m., Friday
at Hall Ferguson Hewitt Mortuary,
1900 NW 54 Street, Miami, FL
33147. Wake 6 p.m. at 2374
NM\AI Qrd Qtreet Senrvi 1 a m

Saturday in the chapel. Interment:
Dade Memorial Park.

60, lineman I
for FPL, died
August 23 at
St. Catherine's
Nursing Facility.
Viewing 4 p.m. -
7 p.m., Friday at
Hall Ferguson
Hewitt Mortuary.
Service 11 a.m., Satu
Ebenezer United T
Church, 2001 NW 35 Stree
FL 33142.

physician, died August 14
rial service was held.

truck driver, died August
morial service was held.

laborer, died August 15
Service 2 p.m., Saturday
Grove Baptist Church.

died August
23 at Kindred
Service 11
a.m., Saturday d
at Liberty City
Church of


housewife, died g
August 25.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday in the

retired, died
August 27 at ,
Oceanside a... "d
Nursing Home.
Service 3 p.m.,
Saturday at
Second Canaan
Baptist Church.

cashier, died -
August 5.
Service 2 p.m.
Saturday in the

August 17. Services were held.


chauffeur, died
August 22 at
Miami Jewish
Nursing Home.
Service 1 p.m.,
Wednesday in
the chapel.


JULIA S. CLARKE, 83, retired
ENKINS, school teacher,
died August
23 at Jackson
Memorial North.

include: her

Sheila Clarke
and Alison L
SDeSouza (Julian); son, Elisha
rday at S. Clarke, III (Laureen); three
methodist grandchildren; brother, Howard
it, Miami, Smith of Ft. Pierce, Fl. Viewing
5 7 p.m., Friday and Litany 7
p.m., both at St. Agnes Episcopal
_Q 1 Church. Service 10 a.m., Saturday
at the church.
REZ, 71,
4. Memo- Southern Memorial

HERBY N. VANEPS, 34, nursing
)EZ, 71, student, died August 18 at home.
18. Me- Service 11 a.m., Saturday in the

at home. teacher, died August 21 at Jack-
at Jordan son Health System. Services were

tired nurse, died
August 23 at
Jackson North
Medical Center.
Viewing 4 9
p.m., Friday in
the chapel. Ser-
vice 11 a.m.,
Saturday at New
Way Fellowship Praise and Wor-

marriage and
family therapist,
ALF owner n
and operator,
retired Dade
County (DHS)
Counselor .-
II, and 1976
graduate of FL A&M University,
died August 19 at Melech Hospice
House in Tampa, FL. Survivors
include: daughter, Comico L.
Garrison, mother; Annie Bell
Holmes; three brothers; one sister
and a host of sorrowing family and
friends. Services were held.

Wright and Young
died August 25. Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday at Mt. Olive M.B. Church.

homemaker, died August 22.
Service 10 a.m., Saturday at Mt.
Calvary M.B. Church.

FRANKIE GREEN, 90, nurse,
died August 25. Service 10 a.m.,
Saturday at Peace M.B. Church.

laborer died August 19. Services
were held.

construction, died August 23.
Service 3 p.m., Saturday in the

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

Gone but not forgotten,
Your loving family.

Card of Thanks

The family of the late,

i'/W S i"

,.' ; : %,e -, | ,,


wishes to express our
sincere thanks to relatives,
neighbors, and friends for
extending their many acts of
kindness during our time of
Special thanks to Rev.
Michael K. Bouie and the
voices of Mt. Herman A.M.E.
Church family, Pastor
Jeannette Harvey and the
Prayer Center Church family,
Elder Joseph Brown, Jr., chief
presider of The Body of Christ
National Convention. Other
churches and pastors. Tony
E. Ferguson and the Hall
Ferguson Hewitt Mortuary
and staff.
Theresa Marion and family.

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

12/10/1955 08/31/2009

From your loving family,
brothers, Levi, Jr. and Fred

In Memoriam

11/10/1950 08/07/2009

It's been five years.
Missed, but not forgotten.
Love, your family and

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of, .

Some people make a
difference just by being who
they are.
Their inner light shines
bright and touches lives both
near and far; and even when
they're gone, they still forever
play a part in the smiles, the
priceless moments, and loving
memories that are treasured
in the heart.
We love and miss you very
From your mother, father,
sisters and brothers.

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

aka "PEE WEE"

You have been gone 15
years and you are greatly
missed and loved by your
loving wife, son, grands and
great grands.
Love you, Liz Johnson

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,

08/28/1909 -12/07/2006

We love you and miss you.
Love Mattie, Mary Alice and

In Memoriam

In loving memory of.


It is now two years in which
you have been resting at
peace in the presence of our
Lord and Savior.
You are missed so much,
each and every day.
We will always hold pleas-
ant and loving memories of
you in our hearts.
The Neal family,
Daniel, W. Doris, Garry B.,
Theresa and Sharhonte and
The Boatwright family.

Card of Thanks


would like to express heartfelt
gratitude for the sympathy
shown during our hour of
Each prayer, floral
arrangement, card and just
your plain act of kindness
was an inspiration during our
time of sorrow.
A special thanks to Miami-
Dade Water and Sewer
Department, family, friends
and Greater Fellowship MB
Church for rendering your
support at a much needed
Please accept this as a
token of appreciation until we
can individually thank you at
a later date.
The Seldon-Jenkins Family.

-- ----------- -.






i '.. r'*. :.'-


) The family of the late,

GEORGE L. SAUNDERS 08/30/1955 -10/15/2008
03/16/1915 08/15/2011


,L .i



Sifesty le (E
y ^^^^^^rFAS UNION HIP


- _____ - ~ ~ U w~'~


I -M - -


By Eric Wilson

Five years ago, the fash-
ion industry faced a reckon-
ing over the startling lack of
diversity among the models on
major designer runways. Re-
acting to complaints that many
shows and magazines included
nothing but white models,
Vogue, in its July 2008 issue,
featured a substantial article
that asked, in its headline, "Is
Fashion Racist?"
In July, when Raf Simons
presented his latest couture
collection for Dior, the show
included six Black models,"
prompting speculation that the
change came in response to re-
cent remarks by James Scully,
a casting director.

In July, when Raf Simons
presented his latest couture
collection for Dior, the show
included six Black models,
prompting speculation that the
change came in response to re-
cent remarks by James Scully,
a casting director.
Readers' Comments
"White women are racked
with deep anxieties about their
bodies. They are'supposed to
look like their teenage daugh-
ters in middle age. What is a
there to envy or emulate?".'
This came. shortly after
Franca Sozzani, the editor of
Italian Vogue, published a pro-
vocative issue using only Black
models and feature subjects;
Bethann Hardison, a former
model and agent, initiated a

* .w ~.,
4 A

'The Butler' still

attracting fans

By Scott Bowles

I" As recently as last month,
T_ Lee Daniels' The Butler was
looking like a box-office
The Weinstein Co., which
owned the film rights, had
just lost a legal battle with
- <.-.-"'., Warner Bros, which claimed
That its 1916 short The.
Butler had title ownership.
The studio had to take down
posters, its Facebook page,
and change the title to add
director Lee Daniels. On top

of that, it would face a sum-
mer slate that included teen
favorites: horror and fantasy
No matter. Butler fended
off another raft of new films
this weekend, taking its
second consecutive box-office
crown with $17 million this
weekend, according to studio
estimates from Hollywood.
The sophomore-week ef-
fort marks the latest hit for
Hollywood's civil rights films
Please turn to BUTLER 3C

'It feels to me like the times need a real hard line drawn
like in the 1960s, by saying if you don't use Black models,
then we boycott.' -Iman Model

Dsquared created an advertisement using only Black male models.

'The Snowy Day': Kids

book is focus of exhibit

series of panel discussions on
the subject; and Diane von.
Furstenberg, the president of
the Council of Fashion Design-
ers of America, urged members
to be more aware of diversity in
And since then, almost noth-
ing has changed.
The New York shows are as
dominated by white models as
they have been since the late
1990s, roughly at the end of
the era of supermodels. Jeze-
bel, a blog that has been track-
ing the appearance of minori-
ties in fashion shows since the
debate erupted, noted that the
numbers are hardly encourag-
ing; After a notable increase
in 2009 that followed exten-
sive news media coverage, the
representation of Black models
Please turn to FASHION 3C, .,,.,

Forest Whitaker plays a White House butler and for-
mer slave who moved presidents and made history in 'The
Butler.' The film also stars Oprah Winfrey, Robin Wil-
liams, Terrence Howard, and Cuba Gouding Jr.

By Joann Loviglio

The National Museum of
American Jewish History is
presenting a retrospective,
"The Snowy Day and the Art
of Ezra Jack Keats," from
July 19 to Oct. 20. The ex-
hibit includes more than 70
original works, ranging from
preliminary sketches to fi-
nal paintings and collages.
During the height of the
civil rights movement, a gen-
tle book about a Black boy
in a red snowsuit crunch-
crunch-crunching through
the snow broke down racial
barriers and now is the sub-
ject of an upcoming exhibit.
Ezra Jack Keats' beloved
1962 book, "The Snowy Day,"
is credited as the first mass-
market children's storybook

a children's book." The son
of Jewish immigrants from
Poland, Keats was born Ja-
cob Ezra Katz in New York
City's Brooklyn borough in
1916 and grew up in pov-
erty. Artistically gifted but
unable to attend art school,
he started out working as
a sign painter, comic book
background illustrator and
Works Progress Administra-
tion muralist before creat-
ing children's books. "Keats
drew a considerable amount

B5 -

to feature a Black protago-
nist a preschooler named
Peter joyfully exploring the
snow-covered sidewalks in
his New York City neighbor-
hood. The National Museum
of American Jewish History
is presenting a retrospec-
tive, "The Snowy Day and
the Art of Ezra Jack Keats,"
from July 19 to Oct. 20. The
exhibit includes more than
70 original works, ranging
from preliminary sketches
to final paintings and col-
lages. "We wanted to marry
the strength of the show as
an art exhibition with the
significance of the book in
children's literature," mu-
seum curator Josh Perel-
man said. "We really wanted
the exhibit spaces to feel
alive... to feel like being in

on the fact that he experi-
enced prejudice in his own
life and he had a sensitiv-
ity to what it felt like to be
marginalized," Perelman
said. "He also had a world-
view that embraced extend-
ing that sensitivity toward
other people who may feel
marginalized as well." Pe-
ter's world was also a reflec-
tion of Keats' own. environ-
ment, Perelman said, ."the
city streets where he felt
comfortable, where he called
home and that happened to
be inhabited by working-
class and poor folks aid
by African-American folks."
"That's who he felt should

be in his books. This isn't
'Eloise,'" he said, referring
to the children's book char-
acter who lives in Manhat-
tan's posh Plaza Hotel with
her nanny. "It's a very differ-
ent New York City." Awarded
the prestigious Caldecott
Medal in 1963, ,"The Snowy
Day" has been -published
in at least 10 languages.
It is on the Library of Con-
gress' list of "Books That
Shaped America" and is rat-
ed by teacher and librarian

Barbershop, a 2002 movie starring Anthony Anderson, Cedric the Entertainer, Sean Pat-
rick, Michael Ealy, Ice Cube, Eve, Leonard Earl Howze and (below) Troy Garity.

Hollywood has always

had a 'Dream' punch line

Martin Luther King's words have aries. Even movies and TV shows
that try to use humor to spark
been twisted for TV, film, comedy more serious dialogue tend to
attract more criticism than open
By Steph Solis have expected, discussion.
Take comedian Chris' Rock In 2002's Barbershop, barber
"I have a dream." and his joke about Martin Lu- Eddie calls Rosa Parks' legacy
The iconic refrain of Martin Lu- their King Boulevard. into question, pointing out that
their King's speech at the March "Martin Luther King stood for others before her got arrested for
on Washington is the sound bite non-violence. Now what's Mar- sitting where they wanted on a
through which many see his leg- tin Luther King? A street," Rock bus but no one paid attention.
acy, the defining moment of his said, and likely one in an unsafe He then riffs on other promi-
career, the mantra recited time neighborhood, nent blacks, including Jesse
an'd again. The full, profane joke points Jackson. Barbershop producer
But it's also a punchline, out that emblems of King's lega- George Tillman said that scene
Be it jokes, parodies, movies cy don't always do the civil rights raised interesting points worth
or television shows, entertainers leader justice, discussing.
often commemorate King, the The civil rights movement can "I can't speak for the writer,
speech and the civil rights move- be a touchy subject, especially but I remember back then the
meant in ways King would never when creative push the bound- Please turn to DREAM 3C

groups as one of the all-time
top children's books. "If you
look at children's literature
previous to 'The Snowy Day,'
there are very few positive
examples of publications for
African-American children,"
Perelman said, "and there's
a whole lot of very deroga-
tory, stereotypical and out-
right racist material."
Keats, who died in 1983,
illustrated more than 85
In six more books after
"The Snowy Day," readers
followed Peter growing up
from a kindergarten-age boy
to an adolescent. His race
was never mentioned.


........... j .... ...........

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, -, ''' ,^ ^HB+,l^

,', '" ' v '''


BDrRihr tacha

Robin Benyard, activity
coordinator, Charles Hadley
Park, organized a field trip for
taking one of her groups to see
" The Butler," last weekend, at
the theatre in Hialeah with
a special showing especially
for them. They witnessed how
Blacks were treated in the
early fifties as servants in the
White House. Included in the
group were: Henry Williams,
Isabella Rivers, Lillian Wim-
berly, Carol Thomas, Garde-

nir Wiley, Ben-
nie Rolle, Betty Cheater,
Ruth Parker, Vera Knowles,
Charles Lambert, Jannie
Carr, Georgia Alexis, Joann
Myers, Margaret Clemmons,
Mary Simmons and W. Doris
Neal. Proudly wearing their
Charles Hadley Park t-shirts
they left wanting to see the #1
movie again.
Congratulations to the
Brown sisters- Gwendolyn
B. Russell and Marshona

Austin for holding a -
social "back-to-school"
mixer to collect school
supplies for Dade and
Broward County stu-
dents. The event was
held at the Martini
Bar at Gulf Stream
Park for adults only,
according to Lori M. AD
Strachan, Galaxy Note
II. The package consisted of
backpacks, notebooks, pen-
cils and crayons, while T.
Eilene Robinson, Minis-'
ter Gregory Robinson and
Tia Major issued a package
to each returning student to
Drew Elementary, Drew El-
ementary, Drew Middle and

Brownsville Middle.
Some of those that
received a package:
Adrianna Bryant,
Andrea Chipman,
Andreci Chipman,
Yoshia Chipman,
Tynesha Owens-
Burse, Alton Jones,
)AMS Marquan Robinson,
Bmmanuel Jones,
Kahlil Milbunry, Lisa Walton,
Kahlil and Jazmine.
The 14th Annual fundrais-
ing gala "Things Are Cooking
in Overtown" was held last Fri-
day, at Jungle Island's Treetop
Ballroom. Dr. Nelson L. Ad-
ams is chairman/CEO of the
St. John's CDC which spon-

sors this event which
honored the following
members of the Over-
town community
Shirlene Jackson,
owner of Jackson's
Soul Food Restau-
rant, for Outstand-
ing Development; Rev.
Johnny Barber, pas- BAR
tor, Mt. Sinai; Booker
T. Washington High School
football team for winning the
FHSSA 2012 championship;
and Susan Kelly Dragone,
the Employee Recognition
Award for 2013.
Receiving the Affordable
Housing Development award
were: Miami Dade Neighbor-

hood Stabilization
Program Consortium;
Carr-four Support-
ive Housing; Haitian-
American CDC; Opa-
Locka CDC; and St.
John CDC along with
the Urban League of
SGreater Miami The
RBER beginning of school
is the beginning of the
Spring Angels to return to Ar-
cola Lakes Park and resume
rehearsals on Tuesdays. Ac-
cording to President Gloria
Pacley, "we have so much mu-
sic to learn and we must begin
after Labor Day. So, pass the
word and everyone plan to re-
turn for the singing Be ready


Returning home on the
sad journey to bury their
beloved mothers, aunts and
cousins, Jacquelyn Finley-
Livingston, Helen Finley-
Spires and Audrey Finley
were family members: Ter-
rence and Vernal Livings-
ton, Sr.; Flai Livingston-
Richardson and husband
Bobby; Shelly Spires Pow-
ers, husband Gregory and

children; Bren- M
da Hepburn-
Eddy and son Roderic
Wedding anniversary
greetings go out to George
and Cobboril (Bea) Da-
vis, 60 years. Father and
Mrs. Richard and Virla
Barry-51 years; Phillip
and Joycelyn Crumiel, 45
years; Freddie (Jabbo) and

Sharon D. Johnson, 46
years. Dr. and Mrs. Gersh-
win and Donna Blyden, 38
years. Happy belated birth-
day to our beloved priest
Father Denrick Rolle who
celebrated his natal day on
August 18th. May you enjoy
many, many more birth-
Get well wishes to the
many sick and shut-ins.
May all of you soon return
to good health!
Here's a date to save. Oc-
tober 19. The winter months
of St. Agnes will sponsor a

fun day to Key West for the
Goombay Festival.
Your best days- school
days. Stay in school! Learn
all that you are capable of
learning and you will not
regret! Graduating- you owe
that much to yourself and
your parents!
Everyone enjoyed school
when we attended. There
were no if's, and's or but's
Sand we always went to Sun-
day school and church on
Sunday. We were glad to see
our friends we had not seen
since Friday!

'The Butler' keeps crowning at the box office

continued from 1C

- and may have pushed the
Forest Whitaker drama into
the Oscar race. Butler "made
a pretty good case over the
weekend that it belongs in the
awards conversation," says
Steve Pond, columnist for trade
At a recent screening for
Academy of Motion Picture
Arts and Sciences members,
Pond says, Butler received "the
most enthusiastic reaction to
any screening this year." He
says the film could be a lock for
"the people who voted for previ-

ous Weinstein winners like The
King's Speech and The Artist."
Among the factors boosting
Civil rights are hot in Hol-
lywood. In addition to Butler,
films that examine racism have
flourished in 2013. Fruitvale
Station, the $8 million story of
a black man gunned down by
police in Northern California,
did $15 million. 42, the story of
Jackie Robinson breaking base-
ball's color barrier, stunned an-
alysts with $95 million.
An expanding base. In its
opening weekend, about 76 per-
cent of audiences was over 35
and 40 percent was African-

American. This weekend, that
number dropped to 63 percent
over 35 and 33 percent African-
American, indicating a widen-
ing demographic.
The Oprah factor. Though
Oprah Winfrey, who co-stars
in the film, doesn't have the
clout she has with books, she
remains a force among female
moviegoers, who were ready to
listen. "After a season filled with
CGI spectacle geared at young
males, there's a ton of pent-up
demand among older women,"
says Ray Subers of Box Office
Timing. While late August
is a dumping ground for block-

buster wannabes, it can be
fertile ground for fall-minded
movies. The Help arrived in the
same period in 2011 and did.
$170 million.
That left holdovers and. weak
newcomers to pick up But-
ler's scraps. Jennifer Aniston's
comedy We're the Millers took
second place in its third week
with $13.5 million. Among the
newcomers, the teen fantasy
The Mortal Instruments: City
of Bones took third with $9.3
million, followed by the comedy
The World's End with $8.9 mil-
lion. The Disney cartoon Planes
rounded out the top five with
$8.6 million.

continued from 1C

has remained fairly steady until
this year, when they accounted
for only 6 percent of the looks
shown at the last Fashion
Week in February (down from
8.1 percent the previous sea-
son); 82.7 percent were worn by
white models.
In Europe, where Phoebe
Philo of C6line, Raf Simons of
Dior and many others have pre-
sented entire collections using
no Black models at all, the op-
portunities have been even less
favorable for minorities.
"There is something terri-
bly wrong," said Iman, one of
the most iconic models in the
world, who later created a suc-
cessful cosmetics company.
Her experience in the fashion
scene of the 1980s and '90s,
when designers like Calvin
Klein, Gianni Versace and Yves
Saint Laurent routinely cast
Black models without question,

was starkly different than that
of young nonwhite models to-
day, when the racial prejudice
is all but explicitly stated. The
increased appearance of Asian
models over the last decade, for
example, is often described spe-
cifically in terms of appealing
to luxury customers in China.
"We have a president and a
first lady who are Black," Iman
said. "You would think things
have changed, and then you re-
alize that they have not. In fact,
things have gone backward."
The most astonishing aspect
of the persistent lack of diver-
sity to Iman, to Hardison, to
the models who apply for cast-
ings and are told, "We already
have our Black girl" is that
there have been no obvious re-
percussions for those who still
see colorless runways as an ac-
ceptable form of artistic expres-
sion. Despite a history of polite
and often thoughtful discus-
sions within the industry, there
are still many designers and

casting agents who remain cu-
riously blind to Black models,
or unmoved by the perception
that fashion has a race problem
in the first place.
Part of that problem, Hardi-
son said, is that "no one in
power slaps these designers
"All I want to say is, you guys
have a lot of explaining to do,"
she said. "If you are going to
be bold enough to do it,. then
please be bold' enough to ex-
plain it."
Beginning at Fashion Week
in September, Hardison is or-
ganizing a social media cam-
paign to bring public scrutiny
to specific designers who do not
use Black models. By making
consumers aware of the design-
ers who do not embrace minori-
ties on the runway, she said,
"I wonder if that would make
them have second thoughts
about buying the shoes, the ac-
cessories and the bags."
While her plans are still be-

ing developed, Hardison said
that the seemingly indiffer-
ent responses among compa-
nies to complaints of token-
ism and lookism have become
too insulting and destructive
to ignore. And Iman, at times
speaking so passionately that
her comments were unprint-
able, said it was time to protest
"by all means necessary."

-Photo: Barry J. Holmes
Kanye West, flashing a rare smile, appears on the final
episode of the 'Kris Jenner Show.'

Kanye West calls baby

North 'my new joy'

By Donna Freydkin

And now, for a whole new
side of Kanye West.
The rapper taped an ap-
pearance on Kris Jenner's
talk show, in the finale airing
Friday. Jenner is, of course,
Kim Kardashian's mom and
the grandma.of their daugh-
ter North, born in June.
His relationship with Kar-
dashian is real. says West.
who unlike his girlfriend
seems conflicted about being
famous: "I'm being with this
person because I love this
person. She's worth it to me."
West calls his Kardashian
"my joy. She brought my new
joy into the world."
, And West comes across as
oddly sweet, given his rather
surly public persona. "Now I
have two really special people

to live for," he tells Jenner.
And of course, word is that
West flashes-a photo of North.
Celebrity watchers have been
surprised that Kardashian,
long a commercial power-
house, has not sold baby
photos but this way, she
and West kept the big re-
veal in the family, while also
ostensibly boosting Jenner's
unimpressive ratings and
possibly helping her show get
picked up.
West wouldn't the first to'
show off his child this way.
Back in 2011, Keith Urban
flashed a photo of his new-
born daughter Faith Marga-
ret to camera crews at the
Screen Actors Guild awards.
And in 2007, Julia Roberts
showed a photo of son Henry
during an appearance on
Oprah Winfrey's talk show.

............... ..................Sp e e c h is f r e q u e n t m o v ie s o u n d b ite....................................................... ............... ................................................................. .........................
Speech is frequent~movie sound bite

continued from 1C

writer said he was creating
dialogue that he actually got
from the barbershop (where he
heard a similar discussion),
but at the same time being able
to show that there were many
different people who were in-
volved in the civil rights move-
ment," Tillman says.
Raising these types of ques-
tions, even in controversial
fashion, helps raise conscious-
ness about different points of
views, Tillman said.
"I really feel that what it (film)
does is always to create indi-
vidual discussions," h added.
Black satirist Aaron Mc-
Gruder drew criticism when he
implied in his Cartoon Network
show, The Boondocks, that
people have let King's dream
die. In his Return of the King
episode, King wakes up from a
30-year coma just before Sept.
11, 2001, to discover that Afri-
can-American youth do not live
up to his expectations.

As with King's speech, the
March on Washington itself
has been reappropriated by TV
personalities with their own
agendas. Conservative pun-
dit Glenn Beck outraged civil
rights leaders when he held his
"Restoring Honor" rally at the
Lincoln Memorial on the 43rd
anniversary of the march in
Beyond appropriations of
King's message that outrage,
oversimplify or otherwise miss
the point are those that edu-
cate audiences.
The Cosby Show episode
"The March" in the 1980s casts
a spotlight on Theo Huxtable
and his lack of awareness
about the march, made clear
by a poorly written report.
An episode of "The Cosby
Show" titled "The March" fea-
tured Theo Huxtable and his
lack of awareness about the
march, made clear by a poorly
Written report.(Photo: NBC)
His parents and grandpar-
ents share their stories about
the freedom songs and sense

of solidarity. Russell Huxtable,
Theo's grandfather, recalls
King's speech.
"Dr. King said I don't think
I'll ever forget: 'In a sense. we
have come to our nation's capi-
tal to cash a check. When the
architects of our republic wrote
the magnificent words of the
Constitution and the Decla-
ration of Independence, they
were signing a promissory note
to which every American was
to fall heir.'"
Few shows address the mis-
conceptions behind that day
as well as Cosby, but it may be
time for this generation to give
it another try.
"I still think we need an MLK
story, a movie about Martin
Luther King and one man, re-
ally one vision, and how many
people came into that vision
with all those obstacles," said
Tillman, whose movies about
African Americans include
Soul Food and Men of Honor.
"It's still one great biopic that
hasn't been done.., for today's
time, today's marketplace."

Snank you to our sponsors:


Question: Does a blind spot exist in fashion?



Tbe Inami Timne%

Students get financial aid

at highest rate since WWII

But some say it ensures students pay

'anything they are
By Mary Beth Marklein
More college students are
receiving loans, grants and
other financial aid than at any
time since the debut of the GI
bill after World War II, hew
data show.
Seventy-one percent of all
undergraduate students re-
ceived some type of financial
aid in the 2011-12 academic
year, up from 66 percent
four years earlier (2007-08),
data released Tuesday by the
National Center for Education
.Statistics (NCES) show. The
average amount was $10,800,
up from $9,000 four years
Most of the increase in stu-
dent aid is coming from federal

Last year, 57 percent of un-
dergraduates received some
form of federal aid, including
grants, loans and work-study
funds, up from 47 percent
four years earlier. Over the
same period, the percentage
of undergraduates receiving
state aid or help from their
college remained relatively flat,
at 15 percent and 21 percent,
"States definitely weren't
able to provide as much as
they have in the past," said
Jack Buckley, commissioner of
The data are being released
as President Obama prepares
this week to discuss how to
make college more afford- ..
able for middle-class families.
While federal aid is important,
the Obama administration

graduate students
received aid,
averaging $22,000,
including loans.

also has been pressing col-
leges to rein in costs.
Noting that average tuition
and fees'at four-year public
colleges have increased more
than 250 percent over the past

30 years, Obama said Tuesday
he has "made it a personal
mission to make higher edu-
cation more affordable" and
intends to propose changes
Please turn to AID 6C

Pres. Obama seeks to shame

U.S. colleges into easing costs

Learn to read with

the help of a tablet

By Kit Eaton

I learned long ago that the
iPad's game and video apps
cast a magical spell over my
children, but this summer
I've also been pleased by how
much they have learned while
using their tablets. This is
important, as my 4-year-old
is going to "real" school for
the first time. His reading
skills, in particular, have been
helped by some great apps.
These have helped him move
from knowing shapes and
sounds of letters to actually
reading words.
One of the most comprehen-

'Stand Your

Ground' law

an FAU class
By Scott To ravis

Florida's controversial
"Stand Your Ground" law has
provoked heated debates,
protests, calls for state hear-
ings and now a class at
Florida Atlantic University.
The new course, taught
by Broward County assis-
tant public defender Frank
de la Torre, was prompted
by George Zimmerman's
February 2012 fatal shoot-
ing of 17-year-old Trayvon
Martin in Sanford and his
subsequent trial and acquit-
tal. The case, in which the
mixed-race Zimmerman
killed the Black unarmed
teen after a confrontation,
also has fueled discussions
about race.
The weekly three-hour
elective class starts Tues-
day night. As of Thursday
morning, 56 students had
signed up. The class will be
capped at 75 students and'
Please turn to FAU 6C

sive apps for teaching read-
ing is a free iPad app called
Learn With Homer (not the
Greek one or Simpson, you'll
be pleased to hear). It's a set of
lessons and games presented
with bright cartoon graphics
and amusing sounds.
Using animations and
spoken guidance, the app
leads children to sound let-
ters that appear on the screen
and shows how letters make
words, using examples like
"alligator" and "ant." The app's
learning sections are inter-
spersed with game sections,
and there is a listening section
Please turn to iPAD 6C

By Michael D. Shear
and Tamar Lewin

BUFFALO President
Obama deplored the rising
costs of college on Thursday as
he tried to shame universities
* into holding down prices, He
held out the-prospect of more
federal student aid if they did.
"I admire Obama for using
the bully pulpit, it worked for
Teddy Roosevelt. But Obama
is no TR, and colleges will
continue to raise prices with
Speaking at the University
at Buffalo, where tuition and
fees now total about $8,000
* per year for New York resi-
dents, Obama said, the middle
class and those struggling to
rise out of persistent financial
troubles were being unfairly
priced out of American higher
'"Colleges are not going to
just be able to keep on in-
creasing tuition year after year
and passing it on to students,"
Obama told an enthusias-
tic audience of about 7,200
students and others in the
university's auditorium. "We
can't price the middle class
and everybody working to get

.-Photo: Christopher Gregory
President Obama was a crowd-pleaser on Thursday at
Magnolia's Deli and Cafe in Rochester.

into the middle class out of
The president, who was
on the first day of a two-day
bus trip across New York and
Pennsylvania, said rising
prices at colleges were partly

driven by the distribution of
$150 billion in federal as-
sistance to students. He said
colleges that allowed tuition
to soar should be penalized
by getting less federal aid for
their students, while colleges

that held down costs should
get more of the money.
He announced plans to cre-
ate a federal rating system
that would allow parents and
students to easily compare'
colleges. And he said he would
urge Congress to pass legisla-
tion to link the student aid to
the rating system.
"It is time to stop subsidizing
schools .that are not producing
good results," Obama said to a
roar. of applause.
The president offered his
college affordability propos-
als as part of a campaign to
highlight efforts that his ad-
ministration says will help the
middle class.
Speaking to reporters on
Air Force One, Arne Duncan,
the education secretary, said
the president's plan aimed to
change incentives for colleges
that were not doing enough to
keep down costs. "We want to
see good actors be rewarded,"
Mr. Duncan said. "We want to
see them get more resources.
And when we're not seeing
that kind of commitment, we
want to challenge that status
Higher education experts
Please turn to OBAMA 6C

If your child is not at his desk,

your child is not learning._

When children miss school- as early as kindergarten -

the effects can last a lifetime.

Being frequently absent from school leads to poor reading skills, lower test scores,
and higher dropout rates. Make sure your children are in school every day.
Their future is in YOUR hands.

The Children's Trust is o dedkcated source ot revenue
estobtIshed by veto referendum to improve the lives of
children ond families *n Momin-Dode Count' by making
strategic investments in iheir futures.

The ChildrensTrust
1"he Children'sTrust


New headphones make music

listening a social experience

Muzik's new headphones will let you

share songs online or add them to a

playlist with push of one button

By Mike Snider

A new start-up, Muzik, has
designed a headphone that not
only lets you listen to music,
but also connects you to your
friends on Facebook and Twit-
Built into the new head-
phones are buttons that let
you automatically take the
song you are listening to and
post it onto social networks or
add it to your playlist. They'll
be available in the fourth
quarter of this year at an ex-
pected price of $299.
"I started this company with
the dream of building a prod-
uct to help connect people ...
(and) make the world's smart-
est headphone," says Jason
Hardi, founder and CEO of
Miami-based Muzik.
In operation just more than
nine months, Muzik came
out of Hardi's vision to create
"Social Smartware," a term
the company trademarked for
its mission of creating wear-"
able technology that makes
it easier for people to stay
connected with friends. Hardi,
who designed the headphones,
founded Muzik along with
longtime friend John Cawley.
The company's chief strategy
officer and vice chairman,
Cawley previously served as

an executive at Music World
Entertainment, which was
founded by Mathew Knowles,
father of Beyonce Knowles.
"I always looked at the head-
phone space and wondered,
after seeing so much amazing
innovation that has happened
with the television, the refrig-
erators, the bracelets and all
the connected devices, why
people haven't innovated in the
headphone space," Hardi says.
"What Google is doing with
Google Glass, I wanted to do
that for the ears."
The new Muzik.headphones
have four buttons on the right
earphone that let you save
music tracks to your playlist
as well as share them on Face-
book, Twitter and the start-
up's own Muzik software app.
To post a song on Facebook,
you hold the button closest to
-your face; for Twitter, the but-
ton to the rear.
To save to a playlist, you
hold the top button, and to
save to Muzik's app, the lower
one. The headphones send
signals to your smartphone
via Bluetooth .connectivity. The
Facebook and Twitter links
you post will direct users to
song posts on Muzik's plat-
form, which works similarly to
Instagram for photos, in that
it tracks friends' music, as well

-Photo: Muzik
The 'new Muzik headphones have buttons on the right
earphone that let you save music tracks to your playlist
as well as sharing them on Facebook, Twitter and Muzik's
own app.

as top tracks based on charts
and other music sites in the
With initial funding of $3.3
million in financing and
another round of Series B
funding in the works Muzik
has moved from prototypes to
manufacturing its over-the-ear
headphones and has begun
beta testing of its software
platform. The company, which
has other products in the
works, is showing the tech-
nology to music services and
social networks.
They hope that artists get
involved, too, and curate
their home space on Muzik's

platform. "Part of the goal of
the ecosystem is to bring an
intimate relationship between
fans and the artists so that
you really know them," Cawley
For now, the headphones will
work with music-streaming
services Spotify and Rdio. And
Muzik's software will have
an open architecture so that
developers can add new apps.
Hardi expects developers to
make use of on-board acceler-
ometers and plans to add other
"We can keep making it
better," he says. "We can keep
making it smarter."

Humor, pity mix in abolitionist tale

By Kevin Nance

Interviewing James Mc-
Bride, author of the best-sell-
ing memoir "The Color of Wa-
ter" and "The Good Lord Bird,"
the unexpectedly hilarious
new novel about the 19th cen-
tury abolitionist John Brown
and his violent crusade to end
slavery, is like sitting in with
a great jazz band. In talking
about writing and other topics,
McBride -who is in fact a mu-
sician and composer plays
a great melody and even bet-
ter harmonies using anecdote,
metaphor and improvisation
to perform his conversational
solos. He deploys all the same
tops with virtuosic skill in
"The Good Lord Bird," in which

,'. -"3-:.",,




Henry "Onion" Shackleford, a
young Black slave in the Kan-
sas Territory in 1856, gets
swept up in the wild campaign
of Brown, which culminates
in his daring, doomed raid at
Harpers Ferry, W.Va. McBride
mines a surprisingly rich vein
of comedy in the proceedings,
with Onion who for most
of the book masquerades as
a girl to stay alive narrat-
ing the story in a way that will
have the reader laughing out
loud on nearly every page.
Printers Row Journal caught
up with McBride, 56, for a
phone interview from his ho-
mein Lambertville, N.J. Here's
an edited transcript of our
Q: You teach writing at
New York University, yes?
A: Yes, I have some students
there, but they teach them-
selves, really. Writing teaches
writing. I just force them to
write. In longhand, by the way.
Q: Longhand! Now that's
old school.
A: Well, longhand forces you

about John Brown is "funny."
A: That's true. He had hard-
ly any sense of humor at all.
People don't think about John
Brown and Rodney Danger-
field in the same sentence,
that's for sure. (Laughs.)

June's 'Stone' reveals a

diamond in the rough

By Jerry Shriver

Let's rein in the bandwagon a bit before it runs over a prom-
ising newcomer. This eclectic major-label debut from the thir-
tysomething singer/songwriter from Tennessee was released
in Europe in May and had the U.K. press proclaiming her the
"year's big new voice" and her own label referencing Billie Holi-
day and Dolly Parton. Truth be told, there's a slightly irritating
hardness to her primitive-striving-for-sophisticated sound. Dis-
tinctive, for sure, but not quite there. Yet. There's more promise
in.her writing, showcased here ini 10 simple but evocative pieces
that span acoustic blues, rural country and gospel. The stand-
out is Somebody to Love, with Booker T. guesting on organ.

Oprah Winfrey gives away car

on 'Jimmy Kimmel Live' show

By Cindy Clark

Some habits die hard.
And when it comes to
Oprah Winfrey, those habits
apparently include
giving things away.
Specifically, cars.
Because during an
appearance on Jim-
my Kimmel Live, s
the former queen of i
daytime talk stopped WINFRI
in the midst of an in-
terview to promote her new
film to tell the late-night host
that she "just-got the feeling
again. You know, that feel-
Oprah then pointed at a
woman in the studio audi-
ence and beckoned her to'
come on stage, where Oprah
proceeded to shriek, "You,
you get a carl You get a carl"

as confetti rained down from
the ceiling.
The lucky winner, a woman
named Britney, was quickly
whisked outside by Kimmel's
sidekick, Guillermo,
Where a shiny new Ford
Fusion Energi Hybrid
awaited her.
"Every once in a while,
Jimmy, it just happens,
especially when I skip
EY lunch," explained Oprah,
who later tweeted, "THAT
was fun I don't know what
came over me."
The whole scene was, of
course, a play off of the
2004 season premiere of The
Oprah Winfrey Show, where
the talk-show host gave away
a new,-car to 'every member
of her studio audience, re-
peatedly shrieking "You get a

James McBride says it took him 10 years to produce "The

Good Lord Bird."
to edit before your ideas even
hit the page. That way, you
don't end up writing a gigan-
tic insert inside your original
thought. It slices some of the
fat out of your work, I think,
Q: Do you write in long-
A: Not usually. I type most of
my books for the first chapter
or two I use a manual type-
writer for the first 50 pages or
so and then I move to the
computer. It helps me keep
the work lean, so I don't end
up spending 10 pages describ-
ing a leaf. It's just like music.
If you can whistle the melody,
then the song will stick. But if
you need a bunch of machines
to make it sound good, you're
probably not writing anything
that's going to last a long time.
Q: But no longhand for
A: Well, when I get stuck, I
do write in longhand, and then
transcribe it into the comput-
er. It helps me get back into
flow. My main' problem with
fiction is that once my charac-
ters get moving, you just have
to follow them along and get
out of the way of the story, but
sometimes they pull me in too
many directions and I need to
focus. Sometimes switching to
longhand helps me do that. It's
all about getting to the main-
land, you know, but I can't get
the plane off the ground with
Q: You used the word
"flow," and of course there's
something literally flowing
about longhand.
A: That's right. Another rea-
son it's helpful is that I don't
tend to see my stories my
characters, the landscapes
they move through in color.

I see them in black and white
at first, like an old film. When
I'm writing down the stories,
initially I feel like I'm just tran-
scribing. But the colors I make
up. In "The Good Lord Bird," I
didn't see the color of the cab-
ins, I didn't see the color of the
plains of Kansas. So I had to
go back later and colorize ev-
Q:. And the colorizing pro-
cess involves bringing extra
layers of nuance, descrip-
tion and so forth?
A: Yeah. That's where you
tuck in the corners of the sheet
on the bed, if you will. I add
extra nuance, extra detail, ex-
tra descriptive elements. Color.
Q: When most people be-
gin to read a novel about
John Brown, I think they
would expect it to be fairly
somber, given what we know
about him. But you've writ-
ten a comic novel. Was that
organic to the story, or just
organic to you?
A: I did want it to be funny.
You can be funny and be in-
structive. You can be funny
and make people cry. Obvi-
ously this wasn't a particu-
larly funny period in American
history, but frankly, I wanted
to write a book that I would
read. I hate these heavy books
about slavery and black-white
relations in the 19th century,
because they're boring and
depressing. You know, a lot of
funny stuff happens between
the lines, in the details of life.
And if people want to learn
more about John Brown, they
can go to the history books
and find out the real facts
about the guy.
Q: But you take my point, I
think, that the last adjective
that would occur to people





Miami: Last stop for JT and Jay-Z tour

By Akilah Laster
Miami Times writer

If any musical titans could
bring South Floridians out on
a swelteringly summer night,
it would be legendary rapper
Jay-Z and the the blue-eyed
teenage heartthrob turned
platinum solo artist, Justin
Timberlake, for the culmina-
tion of their 14-city Legends of
the Summer tour.
On a massive stage, framed
by two larger-than-life moni-
tors, the two prolific perform-
ers emerged to showcase an
array of number one singles
from more than a decade (two
decades for Jay-Z) including
hits from their 2013 album
releases, Timberlake's 20/20
Experience and Jay-Z's Magna
Carta-Holy Grail. Both peaked
at number one on the Bill-


board charts.
Commencing with the
number one collaborative rap
single "Holy Grail" by Jay-Z

amidst the back drop of red
lights and black and white
images of Alexandros de An-
tioch's statue, Venus de Milo,

the crowd instinctively stood,
flailing their arms in sync with
the beat and the harmonic
voice of Timberlake. That seg-
ued into a hit from JT's early
solo days, "Rock Your Body,"
that moved back and forth
between with Jay-Z's party hit,
'I Just Wanna Love U (Give it
to Me)."
As the ping pong match of
each artist's hits rhythmically
bounced into the next and JT
gracefully glided across the
stage, the audience was treat-
ed with surprise performances
by Miami's own Timbaland
and Rick Ross who was ac-
companied by Jigga. Perhaps
the most moving moment of
the concert was a salute to the
late Trayvon Martin, prompted
by Jay-Z against the back drop
of his melodic single "Young
Forever" from his Blueprint 3

Robin Thicke files suit against Marvin Gaye's family

By EurPublisher

One of the bad things about
having a huge hit record is
that sbme folks think you're
their ticket to getting over .
. on youl
Case in point is Robin
Thicke, T.I. and Pharrell. With
their humongous hit "Blurred
Lines" being the biggest hit of
the summer, they've attracted
the attention of Marvin Gaye's
family and Bridgeport Music,
which owns some of Funkadel-
ic's compositions. Apparently
the Gaye family and Bridgeport
Music think they're entitled to
"Blurred Lines" motherlode
However, in order to shield
"Blurred Lines" from possible
litigation, the creators/per-

Spring4ward will
sponsor a summer night of
jazz and entertainment on
Aug. 30 from 6-9 p.m. at
8330 NW Biscayne Blvd.

Gwen Cherry Park
will hold "Lakeside Jazz in
the Park" on Aug. 30 from

Liberty Square "Old
Project" Reunion will be
held Aug. 31, at 10 a.m., at
Arcola Lakes Park. Contact
Phillip at 305-696-1819.

We Sale Florida Homes
will have their First Time
Homebuyer Workshop Aug.

former of the mas-
sive hit are being
proactive have gone
to court. A lawsuit
was filed in a Cali-
fornia federal court
by the trio against
Gaye's family and
Bridgeport Music. -
The suit, claims
the Gaye family is
alleging that "Blurre
and Gaye's "Got to G
"feel" or "sound" the s
that the "Gaye defend(
Claiming ownership
tire genre, as oppose
cific work.
According to the su
of which was obtain
Hollywood Repolrter
tiffs, who have the u

1-1 [ Itfl-C ab cfl

31, at 10:30 a.m.
199th St. Call 305-

The Mianm
Chapter of Flor
will host a bus trip t
Labor Day wee
the Mississippi Va
University vs FAM
battle. Call 305-95:

Omega I
Fraternity memb
Miami Dade Colle
and South are ma
for a reunion. Call

Range Park
free self defense

spect for and admiration
A B .Aof Marvin Gaye, Funk-
adelic and their musi-
cal legacies, reluctantly
file this action in the
J face of multiple adverse
d claims from alleged
successors in interest
to those artists. Defen-
S dants continue to insist
THICKE that plaintiffs' mas-
ed Lines" sively successful composition,
ive It Up" 'Blurred Lines,' copies 'their'
same, and compositions."The suit claims
dants are the Gaye family is alleging that
of an en- "Blurred Lines" and ,Gaye's
A to a spe- "Got to Give It Up" ."feel" or
"sound" the same, and that the
uit, a copy "Gaye defendants are claiming
ed by The ownership of an entire genre,
, "Plain- as opposed to a specific work."
tmost re- As for Funkadelic, there's

" classes, Mon. and Wed., at
6 p.m., at 525 NW 62nd St.
Contact Clayton at 305-757-

Miami Alumni
3300 NW Chapter Tennessee State
469-3767. University is sponsoring a
bus trip to Tallahassee Sept.
li Dade 6-8 for the TSU/FAMU game.
ida A&M Call 954-435-5391.
to Orlando
kend for E Miami Jackson High
Iley State School Class of 1971 will
U gridiron meet the first Sat. of each
1-9275. month beginning Sept. 7,
from 4p.m.- 6 p.m., at 1540
Psi Phi NW 111th St. Call 786-285-
)ers from 2533.
ege North
king plans E S.E.E.K., Inc. will feed
305-623- the homeless in the City
of Overtown every first
Saturday, at 2pm, at 14-15
is offering St. and 1st Ave. Call 678-
se karate 462-9794.

said to be claimed similarity
between Thicke's hit and Fu-
nakedlic's "Sexy Ways."
"But there are no similarities
between plaintiffs' composition
and those the claimants allege
they own, other than common-
place musical elements," states
the' lawsuit.
"Plaintiffs created a hit and
did it without copying anyone
else's composition."
And quite frankly we agree.
If you listen to Marvin
Gaye's "Got to Give it UP" and
Thicke's "Blurred Lines (both
below), it's hard to say the
songs sound alike.
Yeah, "Blurred Lines" kinda,
sort reminds you of the era
and vibe of "Give it Up," but
that's about it.

The Miami Alumni
Chapter Tennessee State
University meets every
third Sat. 9 a.m at Piccadilly
Restaurant in Hialeah.
Call 954-435-5391.

Booker T. Washington
Class of 1967 meets every
third Sat. of the month, at 7
p.m., at the African Heritage
Cultural Arts Center, 6161 NW
22nd Ave. Call 305-333-7128.

The Miami Edison Sr.
High School Class of 1974
reunion planning meeting will
be held at the Joseph Caleb
Center on Sat., Sept.14 at
11a.m. Call 305-301-9147.

St. Agnes' Summer
Group will sponsor an
excursion on The Jungle
Queen Sept. 28. Call 305-

Comprehensive iPad app for teaching reading

continued from 4C

where children read and hear
stories. Completing a lesson
or story is rewarded with the
chance to draw something on
the screen or to record an an-
swer to a question about the
The app's best feature is that
it 1n the

and spoken instructions. Chil-
dren could most likely use it on
their own though an adult
may need to lend a hand with
some controls, like the drawing
The app also has great at-
tention to detail. For example,
in the section that reinforces
learning letter sounds there
is a convincing animation of a
rhild monuthiner the smounds on

terest. Buying extra lessons via
in-app purchases could also be
expensive, since they each cost
$2 or more.
For a simpler reading app, the
free Kids Reading (Preschool)
app on Android is a great op-
tion. The app's first section
helps children learn to blend
letter sounds into full words,
through a cute game with a tor-

ers to make him move faster,
which then sounds the word
faster, or click on a skateboard
to sound the word. in real time.
A "try reading" section lets
children practice reading and
saying short words with a sim-
ple matching game. And the
"make words" option has the
child spotting the right-sound-
ing letter to complete a word

Ryan Leslie doesn't have a great relationship with the boys in blue. The singer/
songwriter/producer was recently hit with a lawsuit by a police officer. The cop
is suing Ryan Leslie because the police officer left a voicemail on Leslie's ex-girl-
friend's phone and Leslie used it in his song "Joan of Arc" without permission.
According to reports, back in 2011, Ryan Leslie's ex-girifriend supermodel Nicole
Trunflo called the police alleging Ryan Leslie wouldn't stop harassing her. Trunfio
claimed Leslie wouldn't stop calling or showing up unannounced at her home. De-
tective Luis Mortimer was put in charge of following up on the case. So he left a
voicemail on Leslie's phone asking him or his lawyer to return the call. However,
Leslie put that voicemail at the end of his song "Joan of Arc" and Mortimer says it's
ruined his career.

It happened last Wednesday night in South Carolina.
Cops say X was a passenger in an F350 truck that made an illegal lane change.
When they stopped the ride, cops say they found a bag of weed sitting on the arm
rest of the passenger door, where X was sitting.
Cops say one of the officers recognized DMX during the arrest and knew there
was an active warrant for his arrest.
The officers proceeded to search the car and found 3 more bags of weed under
the driver's floor board. ... so they cited the driver for possession of weed.
According to the report, DMX became "very aggressive with this words and was
making multiple idle threats."
*X was ultimately cited for weed and hauled to a nearby jail to deal with the war-

Hip-Hop producer Scott Storch got a surly greeting when he got to New York City
on Aug. 20. Upon arriving in the Big Apple, Storch says he was robbed at gunpoint
in front of his hotel. Storch, who produced Fat Joe's "Lean Back," filed a police re-
port claiming he was approached by two armed men when he was getting into his
vehicle. Scott Storch said the two men demanded, "Give us all your jewelry and cash
or you're dead." Storch says in total he lost more than $100,000. The two armed
men also told the driver of Storch's vehicle to give them the'keys Storch couldn't im-
mediately drive away and the driver did as he was told. All in all, the robbers ran off
with the producer's possessions without having to use their firearms. Scott Storch
did say he gave chase to the guys, but they got away from him.

Rapper Drake was pulled over recently for a traffic violation and used Instagram
to express his frustration.
"Too early for this. Too early," he said while waiting on the female officer to issue
his citation. While we don't know the specific nature of the incident, the "Started
from the Bottom" artist didn't seem too worried.
He took the time to compliment the lady officer about her looks.
"She's cute too. For real," Drake muttered off camera to his 2.9 million followers.

Denzel returning to Broadway
By Jesse David Fox since his 2010 Tony Award-
winning performance in
It had been rumored, Fences. The 58-year-old

but, speaking with The
Wall Street Journal,.'
Denzel Washington
has confirmed he will
be starring in the
Broadway revival of
Lorraine Hansberry's A WASH
Raisin in the Sun. He told the
Associated Press that they'll
be starting previews in March.
This will be his first gig back

actor might be a bit old
for the role of Walter Lee
Younger (Sidney Poitier
and Sean Combs were
both in their thirties
when they played him),
GTON but that shouldn't matter
since he is an actor and
everything. He's closer to being
a 30-year-old than a cokehead
airline pilot.

Barack Obama: "Ease costs'

continued from 4C

generally agreed that the plan
was important, but a number
found the ratings worrisome.
"It depends on having complete
and accurate data, and there
are some areas where the De-
partment of Education does
have good data, but others
where it does not," said Molly
Corbett Broad, the president of
the American Council on Edu-
cation, the largest higher edu-
cation trade organization.
For example, she said, the de-
partment's statistics on gradu-
ation rates include only stu-
dents who start and finish at
the same institution.
And, she said, it is unclear
what leads students and fami-
lies to the college choices they
"I'm all for analytics and

how these decisions are made."
Obama's plan is certain to
anger some college officials,
who argue that their costs are
affected by state funding deci-
sions, the rising cost of health
care and other factors outside
their control. Duncan said the
administration planned to move
slowly as it created the ratings
system, in part to listen to the
concerns of university adminis-
SThe plan requires approval
by Congress, and reaction on
Thursday tended to fall along
party lines. Representative
John Kline, Republican of Min-
nesota and the chairman of the
House Committee on Education
and the Workforce, said in a
statement that he was skepti-
cal of Obama's proposed rating
"I remain concerned that
imposing an arbitrary college

IL I ,UF 'I~b :.UL CZ MI .,V U*I \IUL11r -II .5LALU VI L i i 3 aalss u w utd trnig ytmcul ut
cordings, because it is fun to the screen. The game animates the tor- This app has clear sounds, analysis, but we just don't ranking system could curtail
look back on them. My main problems with Learn toise walking along slowly, and many children will love its know what information, and the very innovation we hope to
The app's interface feels With Homer are that it moves sounding out each letter in a simplicity. But for more words how much, helps students and encourage and even lead to
child-friendly and is easy to too slowly in places and that short word as he moves, you do need, to pay $3 for the families make good college de- federal price controls," Kline
use thanks to on-screen cues younger children may lose in- The child can click on sneak- full Kids Learn To Read version. cisions," she said. "It's very dif- said. "As always, the devil is in
u ficult to write an algorithm for the details."

New course at FAU teaches 'Stand Your Ground' Financial aid cost too much

continued from 4C

is expected to fill up after the
drop-add period ends next
week, FAU spokeswoman Lisa
Metcalf said.
Among the topics covered:
the history of self-defense laws
before and since Stand Your
Ground, major cases involv-
ing the law, racial issues in the
Zimmerman case and the pros
and cons and future of the law.
De la Torre said the class will
include lectures, debates and
discussions, guest speakers
and video footage to cover the
various aspects of the law.
Some students who have
signed up are already debating
the law and the Zimmerman

"I think it's a great law," said
Marcela Florenco, 30, a crimi-
nal justice major from Boca
Raton. "I believe in our crimi-
nal justice system, and I be-
lieve you should be able to de-
fend your ground."
Others like Shiva Mahabir,
27 of Coral Springs, say Zim-
merman misused the law."
"To me it was more of a care-
less man taking the life of an
African-American teen," he
said. "I am still shocked he
was found not guilty."
Passed in 2005, the "Stand
Your Ground" statute allows
people to use lethal force with-
out having to retreat if they
feel like their life is in jeopar-
dy. While Zimmerman waived
his right to use the law in a
pre-trial hearing, it was still a

major factor in his acquittal of
second-degree murder charg-
es, de la Torre said.
FAU officials said they saw
a need for the course after the
Zimmerman case created so
much publicity.
De la Torre said he isn't
aware of any other schools of-
fering a similar course, Sev-
eral major schools -including
Florida International Univer-
sity, the University of Miami
and the University of Florida -
said they don't have anything
similar. At Lynn University in
Boca Raton, criminal justice
professor Sindee Kerker plans
to spend about a week on the
topic in a criminal justice
FAU officials said they asked
de la Torre to teach the class

since he's a popular adjunct
professor who has trained law
enforcement officers and law-
yers about the state's Stand
Your Ground statute.
"I think it's going to be a great
class," de la Torre said. "People
want to learn more about the
law of self-defense and what's
going on in Florida right now.
When it comes to the statute, it
seems to be something you're
for or against. There's not a
gray area."
De la Torre has used the
Stand Your Ground as a de-
fense lawyer in six cases, half
of which he won.
"As a citizen, somebody liv-
ing in Florida, I don't like the
[Stand Your Ground] law," he
said. "But as a defense lawyer,
I love it."

continued from 4C

that "won't all be popular with
Paul Lingenfelter, president
of the non-profit State Higher
Education Executive Officers,
says state support for student
aid has increased, from $6.8
billion in 2007 to $8.3 billion
last year,, but so have student
enrollments and college tuition.
He says it would be wrong to
interpret the new data as evi-
dence that states are "pulling
back" from student aid.
Neal McCluskey, associate
director of the Cato Institute,
a libertarian think tank, says
several factors affect college
prices but says the newly re-
leased data support his argu-

ment that colleges largely raise
their prices because financial
aid, especially federal, lets
"Basically, the aid ensures
that students can pay almost
anything they are charged," he
Other findings from the 2011-
12 academic year:
59 percent of undergradu-
ates received grants averaging
$6,200, up from 51 percent four
years earlier when the average
was $4,800.
42 percent of undergradu-
ates took out loans, borrowing
an average of $7,100, up from
39 percent who borrowed
$7,000 on average.
Seventy percent of graduate
students received aid, averag-
ing $22,000, including loans.



The Miami Times



A, I P, FLORIDA, 2-SETMBE 3 2013

Black developers

poised for $250M

project in Overtown

SJoint venture would bring rentals
and hospitality with amenities

vBy Ashley Montgom, y West Community Redevelop-
Miami 7Times staff witer ment Agency [SEOPWCRA]

9* 5' of U ^ulS GEaGSed

Great things are' brew-
ing in the historically-black
-" Overtownr neighborhood and
it may well equate to more.
Sjobs' and greater amenities
; for those who live in the corn-
: murfity. South. Florida-based
developers Donahue Peebles
and Barron. Channer recently
won a bid-to build a jazz and
blues-inspired multi-use dis-
, trict on vacant land' located
south of The Lyric. Theater.
,According to the two 'devel-
opers, the project will cost
around $250M to complete.
According to. a memoran-
idum rcdived frbm City of
Miami City Planner Gregory
D. Gay, three companies ,had
hoped to win the bid for the
Southeast Overtowan/Park
^-, .. .- .n- <;',,"> .

UL a special seieculon panel
chose the Gateway Project'
over two other competitors -
All Aboard Florida; and.'Stone
Soup Development, Inc.
[Sawyer's Landing] --- who
came in second and third,
respectively. Selection panel
members included Gay, Patri-
cia Braynon, director of the
Housing Finance Authority,
Miami-Dade County and Bri-
an Zeltsman, director of ar-
chitecture and construction,
Overtown CRA.
Channer says the project
will provide affordable hous-
ing, jazz and blues-themed
retail shops, a 150-room
national chain hotel, office
space and public parking.
'We look at Overtown and
Please turn to I*ROJRCT 1IOD


,- .

Housing affordability

falls with rising prices

Housing becomes less affordable in
several U.S. major market areas

FPL parent plans cuts

over the next two years

NextEra Energy laying off160, will
cut 1,000 job positions, most in FL

By Julia Schmit
An era of exceptionally
affordable housing is fading
in some parts of the U.S. as
stagnant incomes collide with
rising prices and interest
The share of median house-
hold income devoted to home
mortgage payments recently
surpassed historical averages
in six of 30 major housing
markets, according to John
Burns Real Estate Consult-
Five of those are in Cali-
fornia San Francisco, Los
Angeles, Orange County, San

Jose and San Diego and
the sixth is Portland, Ore.
At the bottom of the hous-
ing downturn, those cities
were more affordable than
their historical averages .
dating to 1980, Burns' data
But home prices have risen
rapidly in those cities as the
housing recovery has taken
Prices in Los Angeles and
San Francisco were 21 per-
cent higher in June than a
year ago compared with the
national average increase of
almost 12 percent, according
Please rum to HOUSING 8D


c tAverage costforafamily
Sinsu c health plan, upfour percent
from last year.

Tyrical employee'srshare of --.
-that premium,.up six percent"
from 2012. _N-v,-d"
MrnVleue' THN50million

wPeople who get employer- ,
saw another riseinoreda cv erae. n

By Doreen Hemlock
The parent company of
Florida Power & Light on
Wednesday announced 1,000
job cuts across its business'
units over the next two years,
with about 60 people to lose
their jobs in Florida this fall.
NextEra Energy said nearly
850 cuts will come from open
positions not being filled,
normal attrition and en-
hanced retirement packages
offered to older employees in
select business areas.
About 400 employees ages
55 and older likely will opt
for enhanced retirement

packages, with perks that
include about one year's sal-
ary as severance, said Eric
Silagy, FPL's chief executive
in an interview.
In all, about 80 employees
will be let go this fall, includ-
ing 60 in Florida. Another 80
will be laid off by late 2015
at FPL and sister company,
NextEra Resources, which
operates in 26 states and
Canada, he said.
.All employees laid off will
receive outplacement ser-
vices to help them find new
jobs, and they will offered a
chance to seek positions
Please turn to FPL 8D

Minimum look on minimum wage

By William Reed
NNPA Columnist
Some phones were ringing;
others were on hold as Real
Christian Radio's host was
well into his 10 a.m. until 2
p.m. program set. The sub-
ject was "Is minimum wage
enough to live on?" and syn-
dicated radio personality Lon-
nie Hunter's job was letting
the audience "have their say"
on the issue.
Actually, the subject had
come up earlier on "The Yolan-
da Adams Morning Show"
when the show's co-host asked
listeners to "speak up" let him

know whether mini-
mum wage "is a liv-
able wage" and could
they survive on $7.25
an hour. All morn-
ing long stations in
the "Praise" network
urged listeners to:
"Say what you want
to say" about wheth-
er minimum wage is R
a livable wage.
So, as they say in the busi-
ness, the subject "already
had legs" by the time Hunter
stepped to the microphone.
Christian Radio's midday host
Hunter is a minister, musi-
cian, artist and producer


who got misled into
taking an "on air"
position advocat-
ing flawed econom-
ic concepts. Sadly,
SHunter doesn't know,
or see, the socialist
philosophy the is-
sue is based upon.
Though he never
cited himself as an
ED economist, but amid
the tweets, Facebook mes-
sages and contest challenges,
the high audience involvement
Hunter achieved that day, was
based on bogus subject mat-
ter and theme.
Please turn to WAGE 8D


814 Ponce de Leon Boulevard
Suite 210
Coral Gables, Florida 33134

Ph No.: 305-446-3244
Fax No.: 305-446-3538

Email: firm@clynelegal.comin
\Vebsice: ww\

Serving ;our legal needs since 1995
Reginald I. Clyne, Esq.


9' CartTrudc hiccidenL
Rr CaLdarophic inlurics
[ Criminal
l' Employment Discrim.,nanon
M ,eJdical Malpracitce
EL Premises Lilabilliv
"M Probate
[B Toxic tort
[ Vacation In)urie.
NX .rongful Dea l h
ES Fimily

Cy"e & Associates. PA, serves cents thoughoul South Florida. Mami-Dade, Broward aa Palm Beacn Counties, as well as Central Roida, The hI t'g of a lawyer is an important decision
t shOalti not beb asked sotety advertiseets. Before you decide, as us to send you ree wotten itormabon about qualificaions and experience. This advertijsiement is designed tor
general mitota-on Ory Thetinfne formation eentee should not be construed to De fonral ega! advice Eo the tormation of a iawyertcfent relationship.




Automatic tips may be off the table? Premiums rise for everyone
Sb HEALTH The report's authors association of large

By Sandra Pedicini

If you dine out in a big
group, chances are you've
had an automatic tip tacked
on to your bill.
That practice might soon
go away.
Orlando-based Darden
Restaurants may drop au-
tomatic gratuities for tables
of eight or more at its chains
including Olive Garden,
Red Lobster and LongHorn
Experts predict others
will follow suit. An Internal
Revenue Service ruling will
treat automatic gratuities
as wages. That could lead to
higher payroll taxes for res-
taurants and make record-
keeping more complicated.
The change means cus-
.tomers will get to decide just

- 4


Customers having lunch.

how much to shell out for
service instead of paying a
flat amount of 15 to 20 per-
That makes some diners
happy, including Mark Puig
of Orlando. The 42-year-old
who makes a living selling

on eBay said he thinks au-
tomatic tips allow "servers
to be lazy when they have
larger tables."
But servers say no matter
how good the service, they
could end up with less mon-
ey in their pockets if they're

stuck with a table of tight-
Automatic tipping "pro-
tects the server in- a lot of
ways, because a lot of time
and energy goes into those
parties," said David Hayden,
a Kansas City, Mo., waiter
who has written a book on
tipping and' runs websites
about the restaurant indus-
try. "There are too many
times when you can really
end up in the hole waiting on
a table because they 'didn't
leave an adequate tip."
For now, Darden has
dropped 18-percent auto-
matic tipping at about 100
But it also has started
suggesting tip amounts on
receipts. Each bill spells out
exact amounts for tips of 15,
18 and 20 percent.

Minimum wage: Too minimum to live on?

WAGE care support. By 2020, mum wage" chicanery, require retailers with ini ways that illustrate
continued from 7D 48 percent of jobs will The D.C. Council has more than $1 billion a realization of where
be in those service sec- moved to raise the lo- in annual revenues to we live and work- an

The whole idea and
discussion of wage leg-
islation is politics run
amuck. Many liberals,
still widely accept the
view that -minimum
wage laws are needed
to provide the working
poor with a fair wage.
Hunter unwittingly
took. sides in a mis-
guided issue that la-
bor unions have been
pushing for years.
People proposing mini-
mum wage legislation
have the rose-colored
glasses' view of govern-
ment that promotes re-
distribution of wealth
and marketplace inter-
Labor unions have
held lofty status in the
Black political agenda
of recent years. Sup-
porters of the mini-
mum wage claim it in-
creases the standard
of living of workers, re-
duces poverty, reduces
inequality and boosts
morale. Actually, such
rules and legislation
increase poverty and
unemployment. Sixty
percent of the jobs lost
in the last recession
were middle income.
SMost new positions
are in expanding low-
wage industries such
as retail, food services,
cleaning and health-

continued from 7D

to CoreLogic.
Affordability re-
mains high in most of
the rest of the country.
In the second quar-
ter, 69 percent of new
and existing homes
sold were affordable to
families earning the
U.S. median income
of $64,400, according
to the latest National
Association of Home
builders/Wells Fargo
Housing Opportunity
That is down from
almost 74 percent of
homes sold in the first
quarter and marked
the lowest level for af-
fordability in more
than four years.
In 2006, at the height
of the housing bubble,
just 41% of homes sold
were affordable for me-
dian income earners,
the index shows.
Low interest rates
have been a big driver
of affordability.
Rates will stay near
current levels 4.4
percent for a 30-year,
fixed-rate loan for
the next month, pre-
dicts Frank Nothaft,
Freddie Mac's chief
economist. But they'll
crack five percent in
mid-2014, he says.
If so, the cost of
housing in 30 of 250
metropolitan areas

The economic evi-
dence shows Blacks
haven't yet mastered
capitalism. Most show
a gross lack of un-
derstanding of how it
works. An example of
our participation in
misguided social en-
gineering goes back to
Chicago in 2006 when
the Chicago City Coun-
cil rejected a proposal
from Wal-Mart to open
a store on the South
Side. Subsequently,
that Council approved
an ordinance requir-
ing Wal-Mart and
other "Big-Box" stores
to pay much higher
minimum wages than
their competitors.
All to--which Chicago
unions and commu-
nity groups cheered,
not fully grasping the
fact that such targeted
legislation tarnishes a
city's reputation as a
place to do business.
A free market eco-
nomic system is one
in which prices and
wages are determined
by unrestricted com-
petition between busi-
nesses, without gov-
ernment interference.
Politicians in the na-
tion's capital moved to
center stage buffoon-
ery with a new "mini-

will exceed historical
averages for afford-
ability, according to an
analysis from market
watcher Zillow.




12X6 $ Q 9
12X15 5

.... 6 7sp ..

830 Btcftw, Kmim
14831 NW 7Mh Ave.G ,mi
2= 08 Sout SL PL 7, Mhmwar
34M2 L Diowd Blmv, FL LR d.
1283NW31 A, PFtLaLu.


cal minimum wage for
employees at major
retailers and requir-
ing "Big-Box" stores
to pay their employees
50 percent more than
the existing District
minimum wage. At its
core, the City Council
measure is all a plot to
tell the world's largest
retailer "how it should
operate." The "Large
Retailer Accountabil-
ity Act of 2013," would

pay employees mak-
ing less than $50,000
a year at least $12.50
per hour. D.C.'s mini-
mum wage is $8.25 per
The belief that in-
creasing the minimum
wage is socially ben-
eficial is a delusion
Blacks need to delete
from their economic
lexicon. It's time such
buffoonery ceases and
Blacks, think and act

economic and political
system in which trade
and industry are based
on private ownership
for profit. "Minimum
wage" is antithetical
to how "laissez-faire"
William Reed is head
of the Business Ex-
change Network and
available. for speak-
ing/seminar projects
through the Bailey

continued from 7D

lower than in many
previous years, under-
cutting claims by crit-
ics of President Barack
Obama's health care
law that the 2010 leg-
islation is dramatical-
ly driving up costs.
Nor is there much
evidence that many
employers are drop-
ping coverage 57
percent of firms with
at least three employ-
ees offered health
benefits in 2013, ac-
cording to the report
by the nonprofit Kai-
ser Family Foundation
and the Health Benefit
&I Educational Trust.

noted that is "statisti-
cally unchanged" from
2012, when 61 percent
of employers offered
health benefits, and
2011, when 60 percent
of employers did so.
But, as has been
true -in most previous
years, the rise in pre-
miums outpaced infla-
tion and wage growth,
adding to the increas-
ing burden that health
care costs are putting
on Americans.
"It's still three or
four times the gen-
eral rate of inflation,"
said Helen Darling,
president of the Na-
tional Business Group
on Health, a leading

employers. "We don't
consider (the increase)
modest at all."
The average total
cost for a family health
plan which in most
cases is split between
employer and employ-
ee hit $16,351 this
year. The typical em-
ployee's share of that
premium hit $4,565,
up about 6 percent
from 2012.
The- average em-
ployer's share of the
premium, in contrast,
increased just three
percent, an indication
that employers contin-
ue to shift more health
costs onto their em-

Company plans 1,000 layoffs

continued from 7D

that may open up at
NextEra units because
of normal job turnover.
NextEra also will hold
special job fairs to help
those laid off find jobs
at other companies, Si-
lagy said;
"We are going to
do whatever we can,
to make sure these
people have a chance
to get a job," said Si-
lagy, "because they are
great employees."
The move is. part of a
broader effort by Nex-
tEra to become leaner

and more efficient, of-'
ten involving the roll-
out of new technolo-
gies that require fewer
employees to perform
similar tasks.
For example, new
power plants that are
replacing plants built
in the 1960s use more
computerized process-
es that eliminate man-
ual procedures that
required more employ-
ees, company execu-
tives have said.
Silagy'said the job
cuts should save about
$75 million per year
for NextEra, which has
shares traded on the

New York Stock Ex-
The company report-
ed $610 million in net
income on $3.8 billion
in revenue in the sec-
ond quarter.: Shares
now trade around $81
each, near a 52-week
high around $88.
NextEra now em-
ploys about 15,000
people, including
nearly 10,000 at FPL
and 5,000 at NextEra
Resources. Of those,
about 11,000 work in
Florida, all of FPL's
staff and about 1,000
of NextEra Resources'

- ......Miramar approves $60 million bond issue...................
.Miramar approves millionn bond issue

By Heather Carney

dents will be paying for
a new police headquar-
ters, two new amphi-
theaters, a new park
and nearly two dozen
additional construc-
tion projects through-
out the city.
On Wednesday, com-
missioners approved
issuing a $60 million
bond to pay for capital
improvement projects
including new public
safety buildings, park
improvements and in-
frastructure mainte-
nance. The city plans
to use park impact
fees and other revenue
streams not prop-
erty taxes to pay
off the estimated $4.1
million annual debt on
the bond over the next
25 years.
Commissioner Win-
ston Barnes and
Mayor Lori Moseley,
who both opposed the
bond, called it a "wish-
list." They suggested
issuing a smaller, $25
million bond for essen-
tial projects, including
the new police head-

quarters and the new
district police substa-
tion in eastern Mira-
mar. But, that proposal
didn't receive enough
support to pass.
Barnes and Moseley
were particularly op-
posed to building the
* two amphitheaters,
which will cost the city
$5.4 million.
"We're building two
new venues so that
we can finance one
these 'explanations
haven't made much
sense to me," said
Barnes. "The City of
Miramar is not a 24/7
city. We need to be re-
alistic and acknowl-
edge that this is not
Chicago, this is not
Los Angeles."
Commissioners who
supported the venues
said that money from
renting the theaters
will help offset the
city's cost to pay for its
Cultural Arts Center.
The arts center was
built in 2008 but has
had trouble making
a profit because of its
small size it holds
800 people.

said Messam.
But residents fear
they'll end up footing
the bill for expensive,
unnecessary projects
even though money
from property taxes.
can't be used directly.
to pay for them.
"Do I want to, beautify
the parks? Absolutely,"
said resident Alanna

Wayne Messam, who
supported the bond,
said -the theaters 'will
attract concerts, festi-
vals and family events
that will generate $1.4
million a year. The
larger amphitheater
at Miramar Regional
Park is expected to
hold 5,000 people and
the smaller theater at
Shirley Branca Park
will hold 2,500 people.
"This allows projects
under construction to
be built, it allows new
developments to be
added to the tax roll
-,it'll be a big step in
the right direction,"



A public hearing will be held by the City Commission of the City of Miami, Flori-
da on September 12, 2013, at 9:00 AM at City Hall, located at 3500 Pan Ameri-
can Drive, Miami, Florida, for the purpose of granting the following:
All interested persons are invited to appear and may be heard concerning these
items. Should any person desire to appeal any decision of the City Commission
with respect to any matter considered at this hearing, that person shall ensure
that a verbatim record of the proceedings is made, including all testimony and
evidence upon which any appeal may be based (F.S.286.0105).

In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, persons need-
ing special accommodations to participate in this proceeding may contact the
Office of the City Clerk no later than two (2) business days prior to the proceed-
ing at (305) 250-5361 (Voice), or at (305) 250-5472 TTY no later than three (3)
business days prior to the proceeding. _0____

Todd B. Hannon
City Clerk


.Mersinger. "But I don't
believe we need to put
out a $57 million bond
right now. We. can pare
it down a lot. If we do
this, Someone has to
pay, someone has to
pay these bills and it's
Supporters, includ-
ing promoter Eddy
Edwards, said the the-

waters will give Miramar
the opportunity to be-
come an "entertain-
ment center."
"We live in a beauti-
ful city and I believe
that an amphitheater
would add to tikEcul-
ture of the city- it's
something the city is
lacking," said resident
Tiffany Brown.


Sealed bids will be received by the City of Miami City Clerk at her office located
at City Hall, 3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, FL 33133 for the following:

IFB NO. 374309:


Detailed scope of work and specifications for this bid are available at the City
of Miami, Purchasing Department, website-at
Telephone No. 305-416-1909.

Deadline for Receit of Requests for Additional InformationlClarification:

Tuesday. September 10. 2013 at 5:00 P.M.

N0.12271. ____

Johnny Martinez, P. E.
City Manager

AD NO. 20316


Rising home prices



A public hearing will be held by the City Commission of the City of Miami, Flori-
da on September 12, 2013, at 9:00 AM at City Hall, located at 3500 Pan Ameri-
can Drive, Miami, Florida, for the purpose of granting the following:
All interested persons are invited to appear and may be heard concerning these
items. Should any person desire to appeal any decision of the City Commission
with respect to any matter considered at this hearing, that person shall ensure
that a verbatim record of the proceedings is made, including all testimony and
evidence upon which any appeal may be based (F.S.286.0105).

In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, persons need-
ing special accommodations to participate in this proceeding may contact the
Office of the City Clerk no later than two (2) business days prior to the proceed-
ing at (305) 250-5361 (Voice), or at (305) 250-5472 TTY no later than three (3)
business days prior to the proceeding. 0,

Todd B. Hannon
#19364 City Clerk C.





The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial in Washington D.C., opened on the National Mall in August 2011. It sits near the Lincoln Memorial, where King gave his "I Have
A Dream" speech in August 1963.

Business is booming for Black cultural tourism

Washington, Atlanta and Alabama

have many landmarks; memories of

violence daunting and lucrative

By Molly Vorwreck

After the 50th anniversary
of the March on Washing-
ton, those interested in civil
rights history need look no
further than the present. A
growing number of museums
and monuments across the
nation, many integral to the
civil rights movement, allow
people to learn about some of
the most volatile and pivotal
events in American history.
Black cultural tourism is
rapidly beconiing a common
practice for both Baby Boom-
ers, whose own activism led
to the march, and younger
generations alike.
"One of the ironies of the
late 20th century and the first
part of the 21st century with
regards to African-American
tourism is that many of these
sites of denigration and vio-
lence have become sites for
tourism," said James Early, .

a cultural historian for the
Smithsonian Institution.
Touring of sites important
to Black history and Black
cultural experiences did not
become common until 25 or
30 years ago, he said. Before
then, the nation was unready
to face its troubled past as
were many African Americans.
"It takes time for people to
psychologically adjust even
when one has more access to
education, more income and
more savings," Early said. "The
memories are still raw and
frightening, and people are not
so readily willing to step back
into them."
As the culmination of de-
cades of conflict, the March on
SWashington is often remem-
bered as the turning point
in the civil rights movement.
In order to connect with this
moment, travelers can visit
a number of locations in and
around Washington, D.C.

,,i' "' 1.;V -1' ras.S~a B ^.11-11.1--_ I' .,;g
Flowers lay next to the Kings tombs at the Martin Luther King Jr. Center in At-
lanta, a city instrumental in King's life.

Although built to honor their
presidential namesakes, the
Washington Monument and

Lincoln Memorial mark the
start and finish of the march,
with the latter serving-as a

symbolically profound back-
drop to Martin Luther King's "I
Have a Dream" speech.

The Willard Hotel in Wash-
ington, where King worked
on his keynote address, is
similarlyTfundamental to the
march. In 1963, the Willard
was one of the few hotels open
to Black people, so King and
his team of advisers used its
lobby as their meeting place,
said Barbara Bahny, the ho-
tel's spokeswoman.
King, Andrew YouAg and
other movement leaders gath-
ered at the Willard the night
before the speech, according'
to an Associated Press ar-
ticle published Aug. 29, 1963.
They traded suggestions for
the speech, with King writing
it, his secretary typing and
retyping it and King scribbling
changes in the margins. "He
stayed up all night," Young
said. "You'd look in the mar-
gin and see as many as four
or five different words in one
place, where he'd crossed it
out, selected another one," the
article said.
Not far from Washington, the
Robert Russa Moton House
in Capahosic, Va., is also a
spot ingrained in the march's
Please turn to KING 10D

Clergy: IRS rule should be forsaken

By Bob Smietana

- The federal govern-
ment has no business
punishing pastors
for what they preach,
says a high-profile
commission that is
calling for the IRS to
dump a 1954 policy
barring clergy from
endorsing political
The current rules for
churches don't work,
and the IRS isn't en-
forcing them anyway,
the group of church
and nonprofit leaders
and legal experts said.
The IRS ban hasn't
kept preachers like
the Rev. Tex Thomas
from speaking their
minds about politics
and candidates. He
says that's part of a
preacher's job.
"The IRS isn't go-
ing to stop me," said
Thomas, pastor of Jef-
ferson Street Mission-
ary Baptist Church in
But critics say all
nonprofits not just
faith groups are
banned from endors-
ing candidates. It's
part of the price those
nonprofits pay for the
privilege of being tax-
The Commission on
Accountability and
Policy for Religious
Organizations gave its

Rev. James Thomas

report to Sen. Chuck
Grassley, R-Iowa, this
week. Grassley had
set up the commission
after a series of hear-
ings into how the IRS
S regulates churches
S and other charities.
He is currently review-
ing the proposal, said
a spokeswoman for
his office.
Michael Batts,,
chairman of the com-
-Photo: Jim Davis mission, said the
Please turn to IRS 10D



The School Board of Miami-Dade County, Florida (Board) intends to select one (1) or more Architectural/
Engineering Projects Consultant (A/EPC), as sheltered market for Small/Micro Business Enterprise (S/
MBE) firm(s), having full Architectural and Engineering services within the firm, joint venture, or as a group
(consisting 6f prime with consultants). A/EPC firm(s) will be contracted for a period of up to four (4) years
with extensions at the option of the Board provided the firm(s) maintain S/MBE certification. A/EPC profes-
sional services are intended for continuing miscellaneous projects in which construction budgets do not

a. Small Business Enterprise (SBE) firms:
$1,000,000 per project, study activities for which the fee does not exceed $100,000 and for work of a
specified nature, or
b. Micro Business Enterprise (MBE) firms:
$200,000 .per project, study activities for which the fee does not exceed $20,000 and for work of a
specified nature.

ference scheduled for Thursday, September 5, 2013, is rescheduled for Friday. October 25. 2013. at
10:00 a.m. at the South Florida Educational Federal Credit Union, located at 1498 N.E. 2 Avenue, Miami,
Florida. Procedures for Selection of A/EPC services will be available at the conference. RFQ responses
will only be accepted from firms that attend the conference.

DUE DATE EXTENDED: Firms desiring to participate in the A/EPC-S/MBE selection process shall sub-
mit a RFQ response no later than 4:00 m.m.. local time. Wednesday. November 20. 2013. to the atten-
tion of:

A/E Selection & Negotiations
Nazira Abdo-Decoster, Executive Director
1450 N.E. 2 Avenue, Room 305, Miami, Florida 33132
Telephone: 305-995-4500

REQUIREMENTS: This is an abbreviated ad. The complete, detailed, legal advertisement with instruc-
tions for this solicitation is available at the above address or can be downloaded at:

In accordance with Board policies; a Cone of Silence, lobbyist requirements and protest procedures are
hereby activated. Failure to comply with requirements of this legal advertisement and Board policies shall
be grounds for disqualification. These, and all related, Board Policies can be accessed and downloaded



A public hearing will be held by the City Commission of the City of Miami, Flor-
ida, on Thursday, September 12, 2013, at 9:00 a.m. in the City Commission
Chambers at City Hall, 3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, Florida, for the pur-
pose of waiving the requirements of obtaining sealed bids for the procurement
of GPS tracking devices and installation through GPS Lockbox d.b.a Innovative
Intelligent Products, LLC.

Inquiries from other potential sources of such a product who feel that they might
be able to satisfy the City's requirement for this item may contact Terry Byrnes,
City of Miami Department of Purchasing, at (305) 416-1917.

All interested persons are invited to appear and may be heard concerning such
proposed acquisition. Should any person desire to appeal any decision of the
City Commission with respect to any matter considered at this hearing, that per-
son shall ensure that a verbatim record of the proceedings is made, including all
testimony and evidence upon which any appeal may be based (F.S.286.0105).

In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, persons need-
ing special accommodations to participate in this proceeding may contact the
Office of the City Clerk at (305) 250-5361 (Voice) no later than two (2) business
days prior to the proceeding, or at (305) 250-5472 TTY no later than three (3)
business days prior to the proceeding,

Todd B. Hannon K *!-Ij
#19358 City Clerk




Fact: A responsibility to give back Pastors: Don't punish us

By A. Barry Rand

My grandfather was a
Methodist minister. When I
was growing up in Washing-
ton, his sermons at the Park
Road Community Church,
which he helped to found,
had a powerful impact on me.
He made sure I understood
that I had a responsibility to
give back and help make life
better for others.
My mother had a master's
degree and was a teacher, a
principal and then an admin-
istrator in the local school
system. My father, also a col-
lege graduate, worked at the
Postal Service.
I attended public schools,
which were segregated at the
time. I later transferred to an
all-boys Catholic high school,
where I played basketball
and football. I was awarded
a scholarship to Rutgers in
1963, but I had a few distrac-
tions and lost my scholarship.
My father made it plain that I
had to make my own way, so
I returned to Washington and
enrolled at American Univer-
sity. To pay the bills, I worked
selling clothes in downtown

department stores.
After I received my market-
ing degree in 1968, I applied
to the Xerox Corporation
three times but had no luck.
So I went to ajob fair to make
my case 'in person, and' the
company hired me. I quickly
became Xerox's top salesper-
son in the mid-Atlantic area.
It awarded me a trophy for my
success, and when I showed
it to my dad, his very practi-
cal reaction was: "Where is
the money?"
After two years, I moved to
the company headquarters in
Rochester, and then enrolled
at Stanford for an M.B.A. I
loved California, but when I
graduated in 1972, Xerox ex-.
pected me to return to Roch-
ester which I did. -Years
later, I met my wife, Donna,
at a sales conference in Cali-
fornia. We have two adult
I spent 31 years at Xerox,
and throughout my career
there I pushed to hire high-
achieving women and mem-
bers of minority groups. My
last job there was as executive
vice president of its worldwide

A. BARRY RAND is the
chief executive of AARP,
based in Washington.
In 1999, I became chief ex-
ecutive of Avis Group Hold-
ings. We revitalized the
company and sold it to the
Cendant Corporation two
years later. In 2003, I joined
Equitant, a provider of out-
sourced management ser-
vices. I.B.M. bought the com-
pany in 2005.
As part of my travels, I have
enjoyed learning about dif-
ferent cultures. I have also
had what my wife calls my
daredevil adventures, includ-
ing swimming with sharks

Modern downtown coming to

continued from 7D

see more opportunity and
that's what we are committed
to," he said. "Our team is to-
tally comprised of Blacks and
this project will create a mod-
ern downtown in the heart of
Overtown. In turn, this will
create jobs and a benefit for
local residents,"
Negotiations continue
But while the selection
committee has made its rec-
ommendation, CRA Executive
Director Clarence Woods, III
says he has questions about
the proposals submitted by
both Overtown Gateway Proj-
ect and the runner up, All
Aboard Florida, Inc.
"Overtown Gateway Project
put together a better concept
but after reviewing both I saw

strengths and weaknesses
in each of the proposals,"
he said. "So I had to do may
due diligence. In this case,
I'm under a time constraint
that doesn't' give me a lot of
room for error. Concepts are
important but there are oth-
er factors that may weigh
more heavily the ability
to finance and the ability to
complete the construction on
time are just two."
Woods adds that he has two
chances to put out an RFP -
if that doesn't happen, the
CRA will lose the land.
"We only have until Sept.
14 to get a proposal to Miami-
Dade County so we don't have
a lot of time to make this deal
happen," he said. "We chose
to speak to the selection com-
mittee's top two choices so
that if we cannot come to an
agreement.with the Overtown

Gateway Project, we at least
have another option to con-
sider and in the end, hopeful-
ly, a negotiated development
Channer said his company
was disappointed and felt
that they weren't being treat-
ed fairly. But Woods pointed
out that the decision to con-
sider multiple proposals at
once has occurred before.
According to Cornelius
Shiver, chief of staff for City.
Commissioner Michelle
Spence-Jones, the CRA will
host a public presentation to
talk about both proposals on
Wednesday, Sept. 4th at the
Camillus House [1603 NW
7th Ave.]f
"The community will have
the opportunity to go over
both ideas' and weigh in on
which they prefer the most
and believe is most fitting for

Sin Bora Bora and traveling
to the Alborz Mountains of
Iran in 2006 with an expe-
dition searching for Noah's
Ark. This year, I spent time
in Tanzania with the Hadza,
an ancient hunter-gatherer
tribe that uses click sounds
to communicate.
I know that education set
me on the right life path,
so in 2006, as a way to give
back, I became the chairman
of Howard University's board
of trustes._ T alson QPt 1n a

Black cultural landmarks really booming

continued from 9D

historical memory. Ac-
cording to Clarence
C.J. Sailor, director of
programs for the es-
tate, King worked on
. his speech under an
oak tree on the prop-
erty facing the York
In addition to provid-.
ing a quiet spot for King
to write, the house was
often used as a retreat
for mid-century Black
intellectuals invited to
the Holly Knoll estate
by Moton, who was the
second president of
the historically Black
Tuskegee Institute
founded by Booker T.
"The estate is called
the cradle of the civ-
il rights movement,"
Sailor said. "It was a
haven for leaders to
strategize and plan,
to find solutions to the
problems of the day
that African Ameri-
cans faced."
However, civil rights
tourism extends far
beyond the boundar-
ies of march history;
in fact, much takes
places in the South,
where the struggle for
racial equality reached
its peak in the early
At the Martin Luther
King Jr. Center in At-
lanta, King's legacy is
celebrated in what his
widow, Coretta Scott
King, envisioned as
"no dead monument,
but a living memorial."
In addition to housing
a wide array of docu-
ments and memora-
bilia, the center also
doubles as a research
institute dedicated to

the pursuit of human
rights. Located on the
Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site,
the center serves as
the hub of a number
of important places in
King's life.
"In the space of three
blocks, you have his
birth home, the church
where he and his fa-
ther preached (Ebene-
zer Baptist Church),
the SCLC (Southern
Christian Leadership
Conference) National
Headquarters and
his tomb,";' said Steve
Kline, spokesman for
the center.
"We're getting well
over a million visitors
per year, and it's only
going to pick up in
conjunction with the
50th anniversary of
the march."
In Alabama, vari-
ous sites of non-vio-
lent protest includ-
ing the Birmingham
Campaign abound
with memories of this
struggle. The 16th
Street Baptist Church,
now a national historic
landmark, was an or-
ganizational center of
the movement, as well
as the location of the
tragic 1963 Ku Klux
Klan bombing that
killed four innocent
The Martin Luther
King Jr. Memorial,
built in 2011, repre-
sents the first monu-
ment on the National
Mall devoted to an Af-
rican-American man,
as well as the first
built to commemorate
neither a war nor a
president. Despite an
array of controversies
- the choice of a Chi-
nese sculptor, the dif-

faculty of funding the site synonymous with History and Culture
massive $120 million King's legacy, as well (NMAAHC) being built
construction and the' as the history of the on the Mall was very
paraphrasing of a King civil rights movement, much designed with
quote on the stone, to The Smithsonian the march and its
name a few the me- National Museum lasting influence in
morial has became a of African American mind.


Sealed bids will be received by the City of Miami City Clerk at her office located
at City Hall, 3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, FL 33133 for the following:



Deadline for Reauest for Additional Information/Clarification: 9/3/2013 at
:00Q P.M.

Detailed specifications for this bid are available at the City of Miami, Purchasing
Department, website at, Telephone No. (305)

NO. 12271.

AD NO. 21896 Johnny Martinez, P.E.
City Manager


Sealed bids will be received by the City of Miami City Clerk at her office located
at City Hall, 3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, FL 33133 for the following:



Detailed scope of work and specifications for this bid are available at the City
of Miami, Purchasing Department, website at
Telephone No. 305-416-1958.

Deadline for Receipt of Reouests for Additional Information/Clarification:
Thursday. September 52013 at 5:00 P.M.

NO.12271. 1

AD NO. 007053

Johnny Martinez, P. E.
City Manager

continued from 9D

current rules are not
enforceable. There's
too much ambigu-
ity, he said, and many
pastors ignore them
without consequence.
"We believe that
there are some seri-
ous dysfunctions and
problems associated
with the current law,"
he said.
Investigations by the
IRS into churches have
slowed recently due
to a legal technical-
ity. In 2008, a federal
judge ruled that an
IRS audit of a Minne-
sota megachurch was
invalid because the
wrong government of-
ficial had signed off on
it. IRS rules require a
regional commissioner
to approve church au-
dits, but the IRS had
eliminated that posi-
tion and has yet to up-
date its rules.
At the same time,
activists have tried to
pick a court fight over
the rules. Last year,
more than 1,600 pas-
tors preached sermons
aimed at challenging
the IRS during "Pulpit
Freedom," organized
by the Alliance Defend-
ing Freedom of Scott-
sdale, Ariz. Freedom
From Religion Founda-
tion of Madison, Wis.,
sued the federal agen-
cy in an attempt to get

7-Photo: John Partipito
Pastor Maury Davis of the Cornerstone

it to enforce the clergy
endorsement ban.
"We can't continue
to ignore the problem,"
Batts said.
Talking about poli-
tics and endorsing.
candidates should be
allowed, he said. Giv-
ing money to political
campaigns should re-
main banned.
"Make that change
and virtually all the
dilemmas go away,"
Batts said.
Critics like Barry
Lynn of Americans
United for Separation
of Church and State
have a simple solution
as well: Enforce the
current law.
He says the IRS
should have changed
its rules on investi-
gating churches years
"Two monkeys with a
typewriter could have
taken care of this in a
few minutes," he said.
Lynn said churches

who want to endorse
candidates should give
up their tax-exempt
status. If they don't
want to pay taxes,
then they just like
other charities have
to steer clear of cam-
paigns, he said.
He also said clergy
endorsements can
be better than cash.
That's especially true
of megachurch pas-
tors, who have thou-
sands of parishioners
and often preach on
the television or radio.
"A pastor's endorse-
ment is worth much
more than writing a
$100 check," he said.
The commission of
religious leaders isn't
the only group trying
to revise the IRS re-
strictions. There's also
the Bright Line Project,
organized by Washing-
ton, D.C.-based Public
Citizen, with the help
of lawyers and leaders
from nonprofits.

scholarship there, named
for my mother, for students
who want to teach in urban
Four years ago I became
chief executive of AARP, the
nonprofit group that focus-
es on helping people 50 and
older., We are tackling many
crucial issues, including im-.
proving health care and bol-
stering financial security for
The importance of secure
final years was underscored
for me because my father
lived with us for the last eight
years of his life. The toughest
moment was asking for his
car keys.


the community," Shiver said.
"She [Spence-Jones] wanted
to know how the residents of
Overtown felt before making
her decision."
The City commission will
formally consider the selec-
tion panel's recommendation
and any comments gleaned
from the community on
Thursday, Sept.* 12 at their
next scheduled commission
In summary, the proposal,
which has already gone to
the selection committee, will
go to the CRA board, then
to Miami-Dade County com-
missioners to accept what we
have, sent to' them. Neither
the board or the county are
required to accept the selec-
tion committees recommen-
D. Kevin McNeir contributed
to this story.






The Miami City Commission will hold its first public hearing Concerning the
City of Miami's Fiscal Year 2013-2014 Budget on Thursday, September 12,
2013, at 5:05 p.m. A second public hearing regarding same is tentatively
scheduled for Thursday, September 26, 2013, at 5:05 p.m. Both meetings will
take place in the City Commission Chambers at City Hall, 3500 Pan American
Drive, Miami, Florida:.

All interested parties are invited to attend. Please go to http://www.miamigov.
com/Budget/pages/ for a copy of the City of Miami's Fiscal 2013-2014 Pro-
posed Budget Book.
In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, persons need-
ing. special accommodations to participate in this proceeding may contact the
Office of the City Clerk at (305) 250-5361 (Voice) no later than two (2) busi-
ness days prior to the proceeding, or at (305) 250-5472 (TTY) no later than
three (3) business days prior to the proceeding.

#19360 Todd B. Hannon
City Clerk


A general municipal election will be held on Tuesday, November 5, 2013, from 7
A.M. until 7 P.M., in the City of Miami, Florida, at the polling places in the elec-
tion precincts designated by the Miami-Dade County Supervisor of Elections, at
which election, the qualified electors participating therein shall elect the offices
of Mayor, who is to be elected citywide, and two City Commissioners, who are
to be elected from single member Districts 3 and 5.

Candidate qualifying will be held at the Office of the City Clerk, Miami City Hall,
3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, Florida, 33133 starting September 6, 2013
and ending September 21, 2013. During this period, the Office of the City Clerk
is open Monday through Friday from 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M., and on Saturday
from 8:00 A.M. until 6:00 P.M. We respectfully request of all prospective can-
didates to please call, in advance, in order to set up an appointment time for
qualifying as a candidate. The Office of the City Clerk's phone number is (305)

Mayor and Commission district qualifying fees are payable by campaign check

State Assessment Fee for Mayor: $1,500.00
State Assessment Fee for Commissioner: $582.00
City Qualifying Fee for Mayor and Commissioner: $100.00

Visit our website at
Elections.asp for more information.

#19357 Todd B. Hannon
City Clerk

q v




1212 NW I Avenue
One bedroom, one
bath, $450. Stove and
refrigerator. 305-642-7080

1240 NE 200 Street
One bedroom rear apt., first,
last month and $400 deposit.
$750 a month. All utilities and
cable included. Sylvia,
1261 NW 59 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$550. 305-642-7080

1311 NW 2 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $375.

1348 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm., one bath $395.
Two bdrms, one bath $495

1450 NW 1 Avenue
Efficiency, one bath. $395.

1500 NW 69 Terrace
Beautiful one or two bdrms.
Section 8 OK 786-282-8775
1541 NW 1 Place
One bedroom $495. Studio
$425. Very Quiet.
Call 786-506-3067

167 NE 59 St-Unit #5
One bedroom, one bath,
$750. Section 8 Welcome.
1718 NW 2 Court
One bdrm, one bath, $425.

1720 NW 1 Place
One bdrm., $525; quiet
gated building, call 786-506-

1744 NW 1 Court
One bedroom, one bath.
$450. Stove, refrigerator.

186 NW 13 Street
One bdrm, one bath. $450.
Stove, refrigerator.

1955 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, one bath
$450. 305-642-7080

210 NW 17 Street
One bdrm, one bath $450.
2352 NW 97 Street
Two bedrooms, two baths,
with air. $750 a month. First
and last to move in. No
deposit. Call 305-691-2703
or 786-515-3020
2945 NW 46 Street
One bedroom, one bath,
$600 monthly. Call Mr. Perez,
30'Street 12 Avenue Area
One bedroom, 305-754-7776
3015 NW 8 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath,
$650 monthly, first and last to
move in. 305-409-9454.
352 NW 11 Street
One bdrm, $500. two bdrms,
$650. Quiet gated building

467 NW 6 Street
Efficiency, one bath $395.
Free water 305-642-7080

5545 North Miami Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $550
monthly, $1100 to move in.
305-962-1814, 305-758-6133
6091 NW 15 Avenue
One bdrm. one bath. $450.
Three bdrms, two baths.
$750. 305-642-7080

708 NW 4 Avenue
One bdrm., one bath $550.
Stove, refrigerator free
water, air, gas. 305-642-

746 NW 61 Street
One bdrm. $650, two bdmns,
$800. Free water, quiet
building. Call 786-506-3067.

8475 NE 2 Avenue
One and two bdrms. Section
8 OK. 305-754-7776
Move in with first month rent
Remodeled efficiency,
one, two, three bdrms, air,
appliances, laundry, gate.
From $400. 100 NW 11 St.
Overtown, Liberty City,
Opa-Locka, Brownsville.
Apartments, Duplexes,
Houses. One, Two and
Three Bedrooms Same day
approval. Call for specials.
Free water. 305-642-7080

* P &a.
* 3

Walking distance to school
from $400. Remodeled
efficiencies, one, two, three
bdrms; two baths. Central air,
laundry, gated. Office 1023
NW 3 Ave. 305-372-1383
One or two bedrooms,
qualify the same day. Free
22 inch LCD TV. 305-603-
9592 or visit our office at:
1250 NW 62 St Apt #1.
Overtown 305-600-7280 or

St. George Apts
5200 NW 26 Avenue
Quality affordable
apartments. Now renting
one, two and three bdrms,
starting at $600. Move in
Special $1000, gated
community on site manager.
Alice 305-636-2000 or 786-
71R8-1 n0

2683 NW 66 Street
For more information
Call 786-277-8988
Miami area, 5,000 sq. ft.
Free utilities. Services after
2 p.m.

54 NW 166 Street
New four bdrms., two baths.
$1550 mthly. $3400 to move
in. No section 8.

1101 NW 77 Street
Two bdrms, one bath. $950
mthly. 305-525-0619
1264 NW 111 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath,
near all facilities, free water.
$850 monthly. Security,
required. 305-493-9635
1289 NW 55 Street
Two bdrms., one bath. Nicely
renovated, section 8 ok.
$1200 mthly. 786-766-0613
1342 NW 58 Terrace
Two bedrooms, one bath,
air. Section 8 Only! 305-720-
1455 NW 59 ST #B
One bdrm, one bath, tile, bars
and air. $700 mthly. Section 8
only. 305-490-9284
1602 NW 85 Street
Two bdrms, one bath $850.
Stove, refrigerator, air. 305-

1800 NW 74Terrace
Two bdrms,. one bath, air,
bars, fenced, close to schools
and bus line. 305-691-6435
or 305-634-3473
1822 NW 53 Street
Newly remodeled. Two
bdrms, one bath. Central air,
larger room, free water and
security bars. $950 mthly.
1847 NW 43 Street
Two bdrms, one bath, $750
monthly, first and security to
move in. Call 786-314-3926.
S2153 NW 41 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath,
central air, new refrigerator,
new washer and dryer,
located across the street from
metro rail station. Very clean.
$1,013 monthly. Section 8
only. 786-444-6887,
2267B NW 102 Street
Three bdrms., one bath, $925
with water. 954-625-5901
252 NW 59 Street
Four bdrms, two baths. $1400
mthly. Contact Marco
2524 NW 80 Street
Three "bedrooms, one bath,
appliances, $900 a month,
$2,700 move in. Mike:
2541 York Street
Two bdrms. one bath. $895.
Appliances, free water.

2587 NW 165 STREET
Near N. Dade Health Clinic.
Three bedrooms, one bath,
central air and heat. $1200
monthly. Section 8 welcome.
3030 NW 19 Avenue
One bdrm. Section 8
welcome. 305-754-7776
3051 NW 134 Street
Section- 8 Ok! Newly
remodeledtwo large bdrms,
one bath, air, washer/dryer
included. $850 monthly.
Call 954-557-4567
36 NW 52 Street
Eciency, one bath $625.
Appliances with all utilities.
One bdrm, one bath. $695
no utilities Appliances.

4523 NW 13 Avenue
Nice two bdrms., one bath,
$950. call 786-251-9800.
5420 NW 5 Court
Large three bedrooms, two
baths, Section 8 Welcome.
$1400 monthly, $1000
security. Call 786-488-2264

Four bdrms., two baths,
Section 8 Welcome. 954-600-
2314 or 786-234-5803

..Af., -..o.i AOGUST 28-SEPTEMBER 3, 2013

7929 NW 12 Court
Three bdrms, one bath, $900
monthly. Section 8 welcomed.
Call 305-757-2632
Three bedrooms, two baths,
appliances. $1,500 monthly.
Section 8 Welcome.
Available September 1.


2905 NW 57 Street
Small furnished efficiency,
$500 monthly. $1100
to move in. Contact Mr.
Patterson 786-597-8857
Two big efficiencies for rent.
Fum1ishd Rooms

1264 NW 61 Street
Senior living environment.
Handicapped accessible.
Free cable, laundry and
utilities. $450 mthly.David:
211 NW 12 Street
$400 a month, no deposit,
utilities included,

2365 NW 97 Street
$400 a month, first and last to
move in, no deposit. Call 786-
515-3020 or 305-691-2703
3290 NW 45 Street
Clean, cable and air. $375
monthly. 305-479-3632
335 NW 203 Terrace
Gated community, full
kitchen,TV, free cable, and
air.-Call 954-678-8996
4220 NW 22 Court
$85 weekly, free utilities;
kitchen and bath one person.
305-474-8186, 305-987-9710
83 Street NW 18 Avenue
Clean room. 305-754-7776
893 NW 55 Terrace-
Cooking and air; $500 move
in. 305-303-6019
Central air, cable TV, private
bathroom, phone, internet.
$475 mthly. 305-299-2405
Room In Christian Home
Call NA at 786-406-3539
Senior Citizens welcomed.

10360 SW 173rd Terrace
Four bdrms, one bath,
$1150. Appliances, central
1110 Burlington Street
Two bdrms, two baths.
$1200. One bdrm, one bath.
$800. Lights, water, and air
included. 305-490-9284
133 St and NW 18 Ave.
Three bedrooms, two baths.
15941 NW 18 Court
Newly remodeled four
bedrooms, two baths, central
air, washer/dryer connection.
$1600 monthly. Section 8
welcome. 954-818-9112
17531 NW 32 Avenue
Three bdrms., one and half
bath, family room. $1300
monthly. Call 954-445-0539
1864 NW 88 Terrace
Four bedrooms, two baths,
air. No Section 8. $1300.
Broker Terry Dellerson
20520 NW 24 Court
Three bedrooms, two baths,
air. $1300. No Section 8.
Terry Dellerson, Broker
2479 NW 81 Terrace
Three bdrms, two baths,
completely renovated, huge
lot, quiet block. Section 8 ok.
$1350 mthly
2931 NW 49 Street
Spacious home with private
fence. Three bedrooms, two
baths, family room, carport.
No Section 8. No pets. $1250
monthly, $2500 required.
3750 NW 169 Terrace
Four bedrooms, two baths,
air, $1500. No section 8.
STerry Dellerson Broker
; 305-891-6776
5020 SW 26 Ave-Danla
Two bdrms, one bath. $950.
Appliances, central air, free
water. 305-642-7080 ,

636 NE 195 Street
Newly remodeled, three
bedrooms, two and half baths,
washer/dryer connection,
central air. $1,600 monthly.
Section 8 Welcome! Call
Matthew 954-818-9112.
Section 8 homes for rent.
Three and four bdrms.
786-547-9116 -
Three bedrooms, section 8
unit just finished complete
renovations, new floors,
custom wood kitchen cabs,
private sun deck, great
location, cheapest in the
market ready to move. For
info call

Those houses that you don't
want, Brandon buys those.

Great service, fast install,
best prices, call 786-393-
45 Years Experience!
Shingles, roofing, and leak
repairs. Call 305-491-4515

Help reduce my work load.
Computer skills needed
good witL organization. You
will be well paid. Interested
persons) Should contact:
hudsongerald95@ hotmail.
corn for more info and

Looking for
Daycare and Pre-school.
Call Monday through Friday,
10 a.m. 5 p.m., 305-691-

Masters plus 6 months
experience on the job in
lieu will accept Bachelors in
engineering plus five years
of progressive experience in
engineering management.
Please send resume to:
Nanko Corp,
12000 Biscayne Blvd,
Suite 601, Miami FL33181.
We are seeking drivers to
deliver newspaper to retail
outlets in Broward and
Miami Dade.
Wednesday Only
You must be available
between the hours of 6
a.m. and 3 p.m. Must have
reliable, insured vehicle and
current Driver License.
Apply in person at:
The Miami Times
900 N.W. 54th Street

NW211 Street,
off 27 Avenue
Saturday and Sunday





wH r

Three bdrms, central air,
Three bdrms, one bath,
Florida room, central air,
fenced in yard. $1,350.
Section 8 Welcome. 305-318-
1143 or
S 305-336-6816
Four bdrms., two baths, air.
Section 8 ok. 786-390-8425
Three bedrooms., two baths.
Only Section 8.
Office Space

Two mths free rent in one of
our office building: from $195
and up.
Bank of America building,
S18350 NW 2 Avenue, Miami
Gardens 33169.
Miami Gardens office center,
99 NW 183 Street suite 138,
NMB 33169.

$500 mthly. 954-558-7872

Houses. .

1210 NW 123 Street
Clean three bedrooms, two
baths with big fenced yard,
new roof. Keyes Company.
Call Willie Brown,
Now You Can own Your
Own Home Today
UP TO $65,000
On Any Home/Any Area
Need HELP???
House of Homes Realty

Miami Jai-Alai company

files for bankruptcy

Train to become a
Microsoft Office
No Experience Needed!
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gets you job ready!
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Training Program!
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Custom-made cabinets for
kitchens and bathrooms at
affordable prices.
14130 N.W. 22nd Avenue.
Call 305-685-3565
Handyman Special
Carpet cleaning, plumbing,
lawn service. 305-801-5690

The price, includ-
ing debt: $115 million.
But Florida Gaming's
agreement with lend-
ers requires it to pay
out $114 million at the
time of the sale, plus a
penalty based on how
many slot machines
its rival at the Hialeah
Park racetrack man-
aged to get approved
and operational.
Hialeah Park opened
its casino last week
with 882 slot ma-
chines, and that
means an addition-
al millionn toward
lenders, according to
Florida Gaming's se-
curities filing.
The bankruptcy fil-
ing is the latest twist in
a messy fight involving


the aging jai-alai fron-
ton's effort to become a
thriving casino.
Its debt is held by
ABC Funding, which
has ties to a private-
equity fund with in-
terest in a Las Vegas
Florida Gaming is
suing both companies
over its debt, and had
a court impose a re-
ceiver over its opera-
tions as the 2012 suit
dragged on without
sign of a resolution.
ABC is suing to fore-
close over missed loan
payments. The Miami
casino opened Jan.
23, 2012, and the loan
in dispute paid for
adding the gambling

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specialists across the
country. At the same
time, VA has complet-
ed more than a mil-
lion claims in each of
the past three years,
levels never reached
before. The accuracy
on those decisions
has increased to over
90 percent. More than
100,000 veterans are
receiving decisions
on their claims each
Thanks to the
strong leadership of
President Obama and
VA Secretary Eric
Shinseki, and the
support of Congress,
transformation of our
compensation claims
process is well un-
derway. At the same
time, VA continues to
provide high-quality'
health care to mil-
lions of veterans every
Fixing a decades-old
problem is never easy.
Yet there is tremen-
dous energy and
momentum within
VA, and across'the
federal government,
to end the backlog
for good in 2015, and
uphold our commit-
'ments to current and
future generations of

VA aggressively

attacking backlog

More than o100,000ooo veterans are
receiving decisions on their claims
each month

By Allison A. Hickey

Too many veterans
are waiting too long
to receive earned ben-
efits. That has never
been acceptable.
While much work
remains, the claims
backlog has de-
creased 20 percent
since March and is
now at its lowest point
in more than two
In the past three
years, the Depart-
ment of Veterans
Affairs has expanded
access to/disability
benefits for hundreds
of thousands of vet-
erans from those
with multiple deploy-
ments in Iraq and
Afghanistan to those
exposed to Agent
Orange in Vietnam or
diagnosed with PTSD.
While these decisions
were the right choic-
es, we knew pending
compensation claims
would increase.
VA is-aggressively
addressing the back-
log of claims through
a comprehensive plan
that is making clear
progress. We have
examined the pro-
cess from beginning
to end to find ways
to speed the delivery
of benefits for all and
have partnered with
veterans groups and
other organizations in
this effort.
VA is ending our
reliance on outdated
paper systems and
transitioned every VA
office to an electronic
processing system
to fundamentally
transform the way we
do business. For the
first time, veterans
can apply for compen-
sation benefits online
using an applica-
tion similar to tax
preparation software.
Working with the De-
fense Department and
other federal agen-
cies, VA has improved
digital access to
medical records and
other documentation
needed to make com-
pensation decisions
- a critical com-
ponent in reducing
wait times. Today, 50
percent of disability
claims are being pro-
cessed electronically
- and that volume is
growing daily.
We have prioritized
decisions for veterans
who have waited the
longest and mandated
overtime for all claims


By Douglas Hanks

Less than two years
after opening a casino,
the Miami Jai-Alai fa-
cility filed for bank-
ruptcy protection as
its parent company
fends off a foreclosure
from the holder of an
$87 million loan.
In a stock filing
Monday night, Florida
Gaming Corp. dis-
closed the Chapter
11 filing, saying the
terms of a pending
sale would essentially
wipe out the company.
Last year, Florida
Gaming agreed to sell
itself to a New York-
based casino compa-
ny, Silver Entertain-

Lakeview Rehabilitation Project

The Urban League of Greater Miami Inc. / New Urban Development LLC is
undertaking a rehabilitation project for improvements to landscaping, paint-
ing, drainage, tree trimming, repairing down units, signage, mailbox repairs,
and other repairs. We are seeking qualified General Contractors who can be-
gin the project immediately utilizing funds for the renovation to complete the
scope of work. Please note that the scope of work is subject to change. All
bids must be submitted no later than September 27, 2013.

Location of Project: 11505 NW 22 Avenue, Miami, FL
Contact Person: Charles Sims, Project Manager
Contact Phone Number: (305) 696-4450

Bid packages can be submitted by mail or in person. You must visit the center
to obtain a copy of the bid package. If you would like a package e-mailed to
you please contact the Project Manager, and submit a request via e-mail to


This project will be federally funded, in part or whole through the Miami-Dade
County Public Housing and Community Development with Community Devel-
opment Block Grant funds from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
Development (HUD) and as such, bidder must comply with Presidential Exec-
utive Order 11246 as amended; by Executive Order 11375; Title VII of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964 as amended; the Davis-Bacon Act of 1968,. as amended;
the Copeland Anti-Kickback Act; the Contract Work Hours and Safety Stan-
dards Act and all other applicable federal, state and local laws, regulations,
and ordinances.

Note that bidder is required to pay workers on this project the minimum wages
as determined in the Wage Determination Decision included in the Bidder's
package; and that the contractor must ensure that employees are not discrimi-
nated because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

This project is also a section 3 covered activity. Section 3 requires that job
training, employment and contracting opportunities be directed to very-low
and low income persons or business owners who live in the project area.




Chiefs end

pre-season in

huge victory

Carol City beats BoydAnderson, 24-7

By Akilah Laster

Two former teammates and
Carol City alumni patted each
other on the back as the Chiefs
closed out their 24-7 preseason
victory against Boyd Anderson
(Lauderdale Lake) last Friday
night at Traz Powell. Former

head coach Harold Barnwell
(1988 alumnus) who is now the
school's athletic director likely
slept well knowing that the pro-
gram he has been rebuilding for
five years is in the capable hands
of first-year Head Coach Aubrey
Hill (1990 alumnus).
"Having [Barnwell] there is like
invaluable mentorship right on

the sideline," Hill said. "The pride
that I have being on the sideline
at my alma mater can't be ex-
While the Chiefs had a slow
start in quite an under-whelm-
ingly decisive win, they still have
a little ways. to go before they will
show any signs of being ready
for a powerhouse-laden district.

With the help of the defense, who
stepped up against the Cobras
with two blocked punts and a
interception by junior defensive
back Rashard Fenton that he ran
back for a 26-yard touchdown,
the momentum swung to the
Chiefs going into the half.
"Hey, that's always a good
thing," Hill said. "We made some

plays on defense but we have a lot
of things to clean up."
Hill and his players are hopeful
in seeing improvements and uti-
lized the game to mix things up a
bit, starting their back-up quar-
terback junior Edward Loveland
over senior quarterback and Uni-
versity of Miami-commit Trayon
Gray. Loveland, looked like any-
thing but a backup, as he' com-
pleted 100 percent of his first
six passes, including a 14-yard
touchdown pass to senior receiv-
er Kenny Lewis. Unfortunately,
Loveland went down early in the
second after a late hit forced him
to the sideline with a shoulder
injury for the remainder of the
game. Gray was forced to enter
in what seemed earlier than in-
tended and struggled with only
i-of-5 completions initially.
"It was a good learning point,"
he said. "I came- out too hyped
and I was.rushing things.

He finished with 112 pass-
ing yards. Despite a slow start,
Gray showed resilience late in
the game with two major off-bal-
anced touchdown passes to Mar-
quis Hooks and Shaunteal Seay
that propelled the Chiefs to their
17-point lead.
Hill, who was an assistant at
the Universities of Florida and
Miami, says that he took sev-
eral things away from his head
coaching debut, including the
joy of winning.
"The fun is ,in winning," Hill
said. "There are going to be some
mistakes but you find a way to
come out with a win and move on
to the next game."
The Chiefs expect vast im-
provements before Friday's
game against Class 8A regional
runner-up Killian, who runs a
Wing-T offense that can cause
problems for any unprepared de-

University School wallops Homestead

By Akilah Laster

Homestead was regarded the
underdog in their preseason 41-
21 loss to University School (Fort
Lauderdale) at Cypress Bay
High School (Weston) last week-
end for many reasons, mainly
because University School is the
reigning Class 3A state cham-
pion and ranked number 21 in
the country. But Homestead has
its own challenges: a program in
the middle of another rebuilding
year that has its third coach in
as many years.
"We were unfortunate in our
preparation," said Larry Coffey,
Homestead head coach. "We've
got-something to build on."
The Broncos have had some
difficult seasons in the past -
going 5-5 in, 2011 and 6-3 in
2012. But their coach says win-
loss records don't always tell
you about the talent or tough-
ness of the squad. Homestead's
roster includes University of

Florida-bound and nationally-
recognized receiver Ermon Lane
as well as the undersized, but
big-hearted quarterback Mau-
rice Alexander, who threw two
touchdown passes last week for
253 yards.
' Alexander also had to rely on
his running game a lot.because
Lane, who was not 100 percent
according to Coffey, was heavily
"There were some good things,
but there were an awful lot of
bad things," Coffey said. "We
can't feel sorry for ourselves;
we have to get back to work on
"They have a lot of talent, but
they're under a new scheme and
it'll take some time to adjust,"
said Roger Harriot, University
School head coach.
Homestead, who started to
show some signs of life last sea-
son, missing the playoffs after
a close district tie-breaker with
Carol City and Northwestern,
under former head coach Pat-

rick Burrows, who is now an
assistant principal at Richmond
Heights Middle School, will have
its work cut put for it in districts
with opponents Central, North-
western, Carol City, and the
newest addition, Norland.
Burrows, who was on the
sideline before the game said
that he is happy to be part of the
program and that he believes in
Coffey's abilities. .
"I support him," Burrows
said. "He's had some pretty or-
ganized and disciplined teams
at Palmetto."
The Broncos head to Broward
to play Boyd Anderson (0-1) Fri-
day at 7 p.m.

Booker T. Wasningtof defeated Norcross
(GA) 55-0; Central defeated Dsyer IPalm
Beach) 44-13, American deleatyd Edi.
son 49-0; Palm eeach Ceniral defeated
Northwestiern' 10.7,, rliand riefeated
Peirbrroe Pines Flanagjn 15.4, North
Miami defeate,: Miami Sonrigs 18-14;
Jacsoin defeated Coral Gables 21-11

Booker T Wasnington (bi-weelei

Wednesday, Aug. 28, 7 p.m.
South Miami vs. Sunset at Tropical

Thursday, Aug. 29, 7 p.m.
Jaciori vs. North Miami Beach
3at Jacion
American vs. North Miami at North Miami
Miaml i high vs. t-ialeah Miami Lakes
at Curt's Par['
Veys Gate vs. Barrington Christian at Har-
ris Field 14 p.m.)
Coral Reel vs. Varela at
Soulhridge (4 p.m.)

Friday, Aug. 30,
Carol City vs Killian a
Central vs American Her
Heritage IPlan
Edison v; Dr. Krol
South Dade vs. Colurnbui
Soutnridge vs Coral GaDI
Miami Springs vs. Hiale

Saturday, Ai
ljorlhiee tern vs. St. Thi
Sur, Life Stadium I
Nioriand vs Stephen
Steprenson f

7:30 p.m.
at Traz Posell
aage at American
P at Edison
is at Harris Field
lies at Soutiridge
eah at Milarnder

ug. 31
omas Auin3as at
7.40 p.m.'
nsor (GA) at
. D,-n )

By Douglas Robson

NEW YORK Serena Williams
sees the world in sharply defined
lines. You're with her or against her.
It's first place or no place.
So it's no surprise that in her mind
the U.S. Open, the last Grand Slam
tournament of the season, is make
or break.
Win it, and Williams will have con-
structed arguably the best and most
complete season of her illustrious
17-year careen Lose it, and she exits
2013 with a hoard of titles but only
one major, the French Open, a result
she'll view less glowingly.
"'For her standards," says U.S. Fed
Cup captain Mary Joe Fernandez, "it
would be a 100 percent letdown."
She called it "fairly successful," be-
fore adding: "I'm always tying to do
a little better. And I feel like I could
have done better. But hey, just got to
keep positive."
The top-ranked American has had
an oddly dominant season.
More consistent from the back-
court and competing with controlled
aggression, rather than first-strike
ferocity, she arrives in New York
with career highs in titles (eight) and
matches won (60-4).
She built a personal-best 34-match
winning streak from March to June
that spanned five titles and included
a long-coveted second French Open
crown 10 years after her first.
But the 16-time Grand Slam winner
would happily exchange those lesser
titles for her 17th major, especially
Considering she has won one or two
Slams in years when she has played
neither as well nor as many tourna-
Sments as in 2013 (13 and counting).
"Obviously I would love to trade
those in, but you can't," Williams
said Saturday- at a pre-tournament
news conference.

Age isn't the issue. Williams, who
turns 32 next month, has continued
to defy tennis' usual line of no re-
turn 30 years old when skills
drop and championships dwindle.
Since passing her third decade,
she has won three Grand Slam ti-
tles, including last year's Wimbledon
and U.S. Open.
Neither is her game, which is more
well rounded than ever.
Still the best server in women's
tennis history, she's relying slightly
less on her deadly delivery and more
on defense. Statistics bear this out.
A year ago she didn't even rank
in the top 10 in percentage of break
points converted. This year she's
third (54 percent).
"I'm not surprised she's more effi-
cient on the return games because
she's much more consistent in her
game in general," said her coaching
adviser (and presumed paramour)
Patrick Mouratoglou.

By Chris Chase
..... .... ........ .... ..- .... ...........

Fox Sports l's flagship show
and would-be SportsCenter
killer, FoX Sports Live, de-
buted Saturday on Rupert
Murdoch's new sports net-
work. have stressed how fun
the new show will be. USA
TODAY Sports' Chris Chase
viewed both shows Sunday
and Monday nights. Here are
his impressions.
1. What's the focus? Fox
Sports Live initially seemed
like it would respond to
SportsCenter critics who
complain the show is too
analyst driven. Those people
want to watch what hap-,
pened in sports, not hear
about what's going to hap-
pen. On Sunday, at least, FSL
was starkly different than
Compare that to Monday,
when ESPN led with eight
minutes of coverage of the
preseason Monday Night
Football game that had
just aired. There were some
highlights, but mostly talk
about the game. The show
then went to news about
Von Miller's possible suspen-

-Jayne Kamin-Oncea
From left, Charissa Thompson, Ephraim Salaam and
Gary Payton are among the panelists Fox Sports 1 will
bring to its "SportsCenter" wannabe, "Fox Sports Live."

sion, followed by Cris Carter
speculating about said sus-
pension (he thinks it will be
a "distraction") and how other
injuries will affect teams. Two
baseball highlight packages
were next. Then ESPN went
back to MNF to celebrate Jon
Gruden's birthday.
2. Do some events get
preferential treatment?
There's long been the argu-
ment that SportsCenter gives
attention to the sports ESPN
airs on the network.
FS1 isn't immune from that

A tough guy: Iverson

Who is he? He was a Rookie
of the Year winner, a four-time
scoring champ, an 11-time
All-Star and an MVP. Word
on'the street is he has made a
decision, ending a career that
has been at times brilliant,
controversial and puzzling,
and he will go down in history
as arguably the greatest little
guy the NBA has ever seen.
putting up a 26.7 points per
game scoring average.
The answer is Allen Iverson
- one of the best to ever pick

up a basketball. I will always
remember Iverson's historic
"Practice" press conference
after one of his many run-ins
with one-time Philadelphia
Head Coach Larry Brown.
Iverson walked to his own
beat. He did things his way
and bleep you if you did not
like it. He will, too, go down
as one of the NBA's all-time
drama queens, a guy who was
almost impossible for the Six-
ers organization to control.
Iverson was, at the very least,

either. On Sunday and Mon-
day, the show aired high-
lights of Moto GP and boxing,
3. How are the anchors?
Jay Onrait and Dan O'Toole
will be an acquired taste, and
I'm in the process of an acqui-
sition. The duo plucked from
Canada's TSN to lead FSL.
The same criticism you can
make about SportsCenter's
B-list anchors could be ap-
plicable here. Sometimes On-
rait and O'Toole try too hard
(Onrait, in particular) to be

always the topic of conversa-
Do you remember the
well-documented 'discus-
sions about the role a posse
plays for an athlete? Iverson
at times walked into arenas
or other places at times with
what appeared to be a collec-
tion of his childhood pals.
Some wondered how the
NBA would survive with its
most exciting player wearing
cornrows and a wide collec-
tion of tattoos and his occa-
sional run-ins with the law
were infamous dating back
to before his college days at
Whether he is the best will
be an endless debate. But he
does have some worthy chal-
Isiah Thomas has that
championship pedigree, not

funny: But they seem to be
having legitimate fun (there's
that word again) and have
Compatible styles and' senses
of humor. I'm on board and
looking forward to how they
adapt to their roles.
4. Are results tipped early
in the highlight?
Instead of a PardormThe In-
terruption-esque preview of
what's to come, the FSL side-
bar has information pertain-
ing to the story on the scree.
FSL's ticker doesn't scroll
from left to right like ESPN's.
It shuffles up and down.
5. Which show has better
Fox Sports is bathed in
blue and has rounder fonts.
Instead of a PTI-esque pre-
view of what's to come, the
FS1 sidebar has information
pertaining to the story on
screen. FSi's ticker doesn't
scroll from left to right like
ESPN. It shuffles up and
down. It's a personal pref-
erence, sort of thing. On the
whole, FSL's graphics aren't
as clean as SportsCenter,
but I like its differences and
the abudence of information
it provides.

to mention a couple of cham-
pionships that were won on
his back. Bob Cousy, Cal-
vin Murphy, Tiny Archibald,
John Stockton are names
that need no introduction.
Iverson's heart was as big if
not bigger than any of those
guys. Nobody was tougher,
nobody fired up the tough
city of Philly like Iverson.
Just six feet tall and about
165 pounds, he fearlessly at-
tacked the basket and the
seven-footers who protected
it. Iverson has had some
tough times off the court in
recent years and we can only
hope that we will attack life
the way he approached the
game. Who needs practice ?
The Sports Brothers, Jeff
Fox & Ed Freeman, can be
heard daily on WQAM 560

-Photo- Pat Love;I
erena Williams is 60-4 on the
ison, with eight titles. Yet, not
dining the U.S. Open would be a
major disappointment.

For Serena

fight isn't


Another major title

vould satisfy her

The issue is more above the shoul-
ders. Despite her wealth of champi-
onship experience, Williams often
walks a mental tightrope.
The hunger that fuels her competi-
tiveness can undermine her nerves,
and occasionally, cause her to blow
a gasket as she did in menacing
meltdowns during 2009 and 2011
U.S. Opens.
Call it the Serena paradox: The
tighter her stranglehold, on the
sport, the more any hint of resis-
tance sends her spinning off course.
Evidence abounds. After a domi-
nating start in last year's U.S. Open
final, an unsettled Williams crawled
out of a 3-5 third-set deficit and
barely held off Azarenka 6-2, 2-6,
In the Australian Open quarterfi-
nals in January, a hobbled Williams
led young American Sloane Ste-
phens by a set and a break before
losing in three sets.
Although she prevailed in Paris,
she got tight and almost went down
in the quarterfinals to Ruissia's Svet-
lana Kuznetsova before again rally-
ing in the final set.
And last mdnth at Wimbledon, the
five-time All-England Club champ
collapsed in the fourth round to
Germany's Sabine Lisicki after hold-
ing a 3-0 lead in the decisive set.
In all the losses, the telltale on-
court signs of distress were in full
view: the self-exhortations, the des-
perate stares to her box, the splayed-
finger gestures, the leaden footwork.

Williams rebounded from the
Wimbledon loss with tournament
wins on clay at Bastad, Sweden and
on cement at Montreal, where she
earned her 54th WTA title to move
into sole possession of ninth place in
Open-era titles.
"For me every loss is always diffi-
cult," she said of her defeat to even-
tual Wimbledon runner-up Lisicki.
"But for me it's also a very big learn-
ing experience."
Even a tight defeat to second-
ranked Azarenka a week ago in the
Western & Southern Open final near
Cincinnati her second on hard-
courts this year to the 23-year-old
Belarusian barely dents her sta-
tus as tournament favorite.
The American is a combined 32-5
against Azarenka, No. 3 Maria
Sharapova (who withdrew with a
shoulder injury) and No. 4 Agniesz-
ka Radwanska.
So, though the U.S. Open draw
is flooded with former Grand Slam
champions nine in all, from two-
time Australian Open champ Aza-
renka to past U.S. Open winners
Venus Williams and Samantha Sto-
sur the end result mostly rests on
Williams' racket.

Fox Sports Live' holding its own vs. ESPN