The Miami times. ( February 13, 2013 )

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028321/01010

Material Information

Title: The Miami times.
Uniform Title: Miami times
Physical Description: v.
Language: English
Creator: Miami times
Publisher: The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Creation Date: February 13, 2013


Subjects / Keywords: African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )


General Note: "Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note: "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note: Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
System ID: UF00028321:01024

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028321/01010

Material Information

Title: The Miami times.
Uniform Title: Miami times
Physical Description: v.
Language: English
Creator: Miami times
Publisher: The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Creation Date: February 13, 2013


Subjects / Keywords: African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )


General Note: "Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note: "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note: Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
System ID: UF00028321:01024

Full Text

Hundreds t

Parents say they won't rest until justice is served

By D. Kevin McNeir

Sybrina Fulton and Tracy Martin
should have been enjoying ice cream
and cake with their son, Trayvon, as
their family marked his 18th birth-
day. Instead, the grief-stricken par-
ents and older son Jahvaris Fulton,
found themselves at the center of a
community peace walk last Saturday

to honor the memory of their muar-
dered child.
Close to a thousand people, includ-
ing Academy Award winning actor
Jamie Foxx, traversed the grounds
of Ives Estate Park in north Miami-
Dade County, not far from Krop Se-
nior High School where Trayvon was
a student. They marched, shout-
ing "I am . Trayvon Martin." They
Please turn to TRAYVON 10A

...Limory of Trayvon

Attorney Ben Crump (I-r),
' .. r Jahvaris Fulton, Sybrina Ful-
S'. ton and Tracy Martin walked
VVLi IS T,,-J fn with hundreds of supporters
:' last Saturday in memory of
AF slain teen Trayvon Martin.

-Miami Times photo/D. Kevin McNelr

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aoped s resignation leaves church at crossroads

Scandals and a shift away "- :1

from Europe pose challenges

By Rachel Donadio
and Elisabetta Povoledo

Benedict XVI's surprise an-
nouncement that he will re-
sign on Feb. 28 sets the stage
for a succession battle that is
likely to determine the future
course of a church troubled
by scandal and declining
faith in its traditional strong-
Citing advanced years and

infirmity, Benedict became
the first pope in six centuries
to resign. Vatican officials
said they hoped to have a
new pope in place by Easter,
while expressing shock at a
decision that some said had
been made as long as a year
Saying he had examined
his conscience "before God,"
Benedict said he felt that he
was not up to the
Please turn to POPE 7A

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Are Catholics ready to continue under a Black Pope?

By JohnThomas Didymus

Following the announcement that
Pope Benedict XVI will resign later in
the month, attention has shifted to
the question of who the next Pontiff
will be. There is a consensus that
chances have never been better that

the next Pontiff will be a non-Euro-
Among the front-runners, accord-
ing to bookmakers, are Ghanaian
Cardinal Peter Turkson and Nigerian
Cardinal Francis Arinze.
Bloomberg reports that accord-
ing to bookmakers' odds, Cardinals

from Canada, Nigeria and Ghana are
the leading candidates to succeed
Benedict XVI as Pope. Ghanaian
Cardinal Peter Turkson is the overall
favorite to become Pope after Bene-
dict XVI resigns at the end of the
month. But some say that even if one
of the African contenders become the

next Pontiff, it would not be the first
time that someone from the African
continent has become the Pope of the
Roman Catholic Church. According
to historians, Africa has produced
three Popes. The first was Pope
Victor I from 189 to 199 A.D.. Pope
Miltiades from 311 to 314 and finally

Pope Galasius from 492 to 496.
But other analysts would prefer
to draw a line between Popes from
Roman Africa who may have been
"white" in appearance and a Pope
from Black Africa.
Some pundits say that the Catholic
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Blacks and

Hispanics ask

Obama for

cabinet posts

Labor, energy, commerce and
transportation open departments

Will peace ever

return to Liberty

City's streets?
By D. Kevin McNeir

A generation ago, businesses and churches thrived in Lib-
erty City. There were beauty and barber shops, grocery stores
and children playing without a care in the streets. But those
days have since passed replaced by abandoned buildings,
drug sales on corners and the crumbled bodies of young
Black men. But it doesn't have to be that way, according to a
group of parents, business owners, elected officials and police
officers, many of whom grew up in Liberty City. They gath-
ered on NW 68th Street and 18th Avenue [Broadway Ave.] last
Monday as part of a nationwide campaign to get illegal guns
off the streets. Included in the coalition were several moth-
ers whose sons were murdered. Several were on their way to
Washington, D.C. to join more than 120 survivors and family
members as part of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Demand
Please turn to PEACE 11A


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By Peter Nicholas

Face-to-face with Presi-
dent Barack Obama at a
Las Vegas event last month,
Hector Sanchez seized the
moment to make a plea:
Would the president make
room in his cabinet for more
"Don't worry, we're work-
ing on that," Obama said,
according to Sanchez,
chairman of the National

Hispanic Leadership Agen-
da, a coalition of advocacy
With the number of open
cabinet seats dwindling,
representatives of various
parts of Obama's coalition
are lobbying more inten-
sively to make sure they are
represented in the presi-
dent's inner circle.
The leader of the Congres-
sional Black Caucus, Rep.
Please turn to POSTS 10A

Gun violence threatens young Blacks

Nation can no longer ignore the carnage

By DeWayne Wickham

On the same day Academy
Award-winning actor Jamie
Foxx was in Miami for a march
in remembrance of the sense-
less killing of a 17-year-old
Florida boy, first lady Michelle
Obama went to Chicago to at-
tend the funeral of a 15-year-

old girl whose slaying also
tests this nation's sobriety.
Only a nation impaired by
selfish individualism can long
ignore the bloody carnage that
links Trayvon Martin to Hadi-
ya Pendleton.
Martin was killed a year ago
as he walked the streets of
a gated community in San-


ford, Fla., with
the hood of
his sweatshirt
pulled over his
head during
a light rain.
George Zim-
merman, a

neighborhood watchman who
was armed with a 9-mm hand-
gun, thought the Black teen-

ager looked suspicious and
followed him. During a brief
struggle, Zimmerman pumped
a single bullet into Martin's
Pendleton a high school
majorette was shot in
the back while standing in a
neighborhood park just a mile
from President Obama's Chi-
cago home. Her death came
Please turn to GUNS 10A


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Can Blacks afford

to trust the police?
Do you remember when you were a little boy or girl "back
in the day" when police officers or McGruff the Crime Dog
would come to your school to encourage children and
adults alike to "take a bite out of crime?" The message was simple:
when members of the community assist members of their local po-
lice departments, they can help to deter crime. We can collectively
make our neighborhood a safer place to live.
But that was when police officers were our role models people
that we could trust. Sadly, that is not the case today here in Miami.
Today we have officers on the take, protecting criminal activities
when instead they should be closing those places down and locking
up their ringleaders. And while City of Miami Police Chief Manuel
Orosa is probably correct when he says that crooked cops only
make up a small percentage of the entire staff, it's still hard for us
to believe in the integrity of our men and women in blue. We lost
our faith in them.
There are some brave, amazing officers that patrol our city each
day, putting their lives on the line and willingly stare death in the
face because it is their job. And we need them in order to maintain
law and order on our streets. We need them so that young boys and
girls can go to and from school safely and senior citizens can enjoy
the cool evening air without fear of being mugged.
Then there are those officers that are either poorly trained or in-
sensitive to the ways that Blacks communicate and are even afraid
of confronting Black men. These officers, many who are not Black,
tend to shoot first and get the facts later. Here again we have a seri-
ous problem, even if the percentage of such officers is small. Now
when a police officer pulls over a Black man, for us it is far from be-
ing routine. In our minds we wonder if we'll walk away unscathed.
Orosa and his staff must be vigilant in cleaning up the Depart-
ment and restoring the community's trust. The time is long over-

HIV/AIDS: An equal

opportunity infection
Young Black youth are experimenting with a lot of things
in their live just like many older adults did when they
were much younger including sex, liquor and drugs.
That's the reality in today's world. And just like their parents and
grandparents before them, teenagers have this crazy notion that
they are invincible like Superman and they often make deci-
sions based on the myth of invincibility.
But remember that Superman had his weakness fragments
from his home planet Krypton. Of course that was all fiction, some-
thing for comic book readers to ponder over. However, when youth
engage in unprotected sex all for the sake of "experimenting" they
risk their very lives. That's because there's a form of kryptonite in
the 21st century called HIV/AIDS that does not discriminate.
Recent statistics show two groups within the Black race whose
numbers are soaring, despite campaigns that promote testing,
awareness and safe sex. Can you guess who? Of course young
adults, especially gay Black men are at the top of the list of new
infections. But the other group might surprise you it's senior
citizens. For the older generation the whole HIV/AIDS thing is for-
eign to them. They never had to deal with it because it didn't exist
during their early dating years. But sometimes widows or widow-
ers want some companionship. And that's no different from the
desires of youth.
In both cases, there are ways to remain healthy and to stay HIV-
negative. It's called using a condom and some common sense. Of
course the safest way to protect one's self would be to practice
abstinence. But that idea doesn't seem to have many followers. So,
we must meet people where they are and give them the informa-
tion they need to stay healthy.
Don't look at Mr. Muscles or Miss Brick House and say "they
look too good to have AIDS." You can't tell today from looking.
Therefore, unless you want to play Russian Roulette with your
life, you'd better stop acting as if it can't happen to you. Because
it can.

Rosa Parks much more

than a simple seamstress
Those lucky enough to spend any time with Rosa Parks
realized quite soon that she was an extraordinary wom-
Tan. During her last years she could be seen each Sun-
day in her familiar seat at St. Paul AME Church on Detroit's
west side. She died in a small home with very few accoutre-
ments. Despite her more than two dozen honorary doctorates
from universities worldwide, being the recipient of the NAACP's
highest honor, the Spingarn Medal and the Presidential Medal
of Honor, Parks was first and always one with the community.
As she once said, "I would like to be known as a person who
is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and pros-
perity for all people."
Even when she agreed to serve as the catalyst in the Mont-
gomery Bus Boycott, she had already been working in the vine-
yards for civil rights. She was 42 when she boarded that bus
and refused to obey bus driver, James F. Blake's order to give
up her seat for a white passenger. Others had taken similar
steps including Irene Morgan in 1946 and Sarah Louise Keys
in 1955. But it was Parks' demeanor, high moral character,
clear commitment to the Black community and strong belief
in God that undergirded her as she defiantly disobeyed Ala-
bama's segregation laws.
Today as new frontiers emerge and a reenergized civil rights
movement evolves, women like Sybrina Fulton have been tout-
ed as the "new Rosa Parks. "And while that may one day be an
accurate description as she leads the crusade against stand
Your Ground laws that some believe are more racially moti-
vated than justice focused, there is one thing that must not be

forgotten. No matter how many follow her example, there will
only be one Rosa Parks. She will forever be the first lady of civil
rights and the mother of the modern-day freedom movement.

bIEe 1liami Jimes

(ISSN 0739-0319)
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Trie 6r- i.: Press believes that America can best lead the
..,-.rl.3 r.:,n, rj.:ial and national antagonism when it accords to
, .er,. per;.:r regardless of race, creed or color, his or her
nri ian an-, r,d iler al rights. Hating no person, fearing no person,
ir,.:e Bl,.: FPress strives to help every person in the firm belief
ir,-i al p~.-rons are hurt as long as anyone is held back.


-*i.t -- BASD t1

- B EUGEI JE ROBIINSOrI eugenerobinson@vwashingtonpost corn

President Obama is wrong on drone hits

If George W. Bush had told us Justice Department
that the "war on terror" gave him per" obtained this w
the right to execute an Ameri- News. The document
can citizen overseas with a mis- legal argument that
sile fired from a drone aircraft, dent, without oversig
without due process or judicial der a "lethal operati
review, I'd have gone ballistic, a citizen who is knc
It makes no difference that the "senior operational 1(
president making this chilling Qaeda or an affiliated
claim is Barack Obama. What's This is not an acac
wrong is wrong. tion. In 2011, a CIA c
The moral and ethical ques- in Yemen killed Anw
tions posed by the advent of
drone warfare which amounts -- he moral a
to assassination by remote con-
trol are painfully complex. drone warf
We had better start working out mote contr
some answers because, as an
administration spokesman told
me recently, drone attacks are ki, a U.S.-born clern
"the new normal" in the ongoing become a leading fig
struggle against terrorist groups terrorist franchise ki
such as al-Qaeda. Qaeda in the Arabiar
But one of the few bright lines Two weeks later, ano
we can and should recognize is attack killed Awlaki
that in the exceedingly rare in- old son.
stances when a U.S. citizen may Awlaki was believe
be targeted, our government been directly invol
bears a special burden. near-miss "Underwe
The Obama administration ac- plot to down a civilian
knowledge as much in a secret Christmas Day 2009


One hundred and fifty years
ago, President Abraham Lincoln
signed the Emancipation Proc-
lamation. It was a flawed docu-
ment that freed enslaved people
in Confederate areas that he did
not control. At the same time,
it was a progressive document
because it initiated discussion
about the Thirteenth, Four-
teenth and Fifteen "FREEDOM"
One hundred years later, in
1963, Dr. Martin Luther King,
Jr. riveted the nation with his "I
Have A Dream" speech during
the Aug. 28 march on Washing-
ton. Many will remember that he
said, "I have a dream that one
day people will be judged not by
the color of their skin but by the
content of their character."
Somehow people forget that
in the same speech he said, "We
have come to the nation's capital
to cash a check that has been
marked insufficient funds." If
people said "cash the check"
as often as they said "I have a

BY STACY SWIMP, Prolec, 21

The origin
February is observed as "Black
History Month" in America.
Its precursor, "Negro History
Week," was created by Dr. Cart-
er G. Woodson in 1926 and ob-
served on the second week of
February. A staunch Republi-
can, Woodson choose that week
in that month to honor the
birthdays of Frederick Doug-
lass and Abraham Lincoln.
Woodson created Negro His-
tory Week because Blacks and
their accomplishments were
largely left out of the education-
al curricula of that time. Where
Blacks were mentioned, it was
usually very demeaning imagery
or discriminatory ideas.
Woodson founded the Asso-
ciation for the Study of Negro
(now African-American) Life and
History in 1915 and the Jour-
nal of Negro History in 1916.
He was dedicated to helping
educate Black and white Ameri-
cans about Blacks and their ac-
complishments and potential in
a way that would benefit every-

Black h

"white pa-
eek by NBC
t laid out a
t the presi-
ght, may or-
on" against
iwn to be a
leader" of al-
d group.
demic ques-
Irone attack
war al-Awla-

the planting of two bombs for-
tunately, discovered before they
could explode on Chicago-
bound cargo planes in 2010. Per-
petrators of several other attacks
cited Awlaki's fiery sermons and,
in some cases, his personal mes-
sages as their inspiration.
I shed no tears for him. But as
the Justice Department docu-
ment admits, U.S. citizens have
constitutional rights. I am deep-

Ind ethical questions posed by the advent of
are which amounts to assassination by re-
rol are painfully complex.

ic who had
gure in the
known as Al-
other drone
.'s 16-year-

ed to have
ved in the
ar Bomber"
n airliner on
, as well as

ly troubled by the notion that the
president can unilaterally decide
those rights no longer apply.
The white paper specifies the
conditions that must be met
before a citizen is targeted for
obliteration. Among them is that
he or she must be planning an
"imminent" terrorist attack. The
document then argues for a re-
markably elastic definition of
imminence which, you may

be surprised to learn prp r :nt',
does not mean "in the immediate
That part is shaky, but I accept
that Awlaki was a legitimate tar-
get. What I don't accept is that
the president or a "high-level of-
ficial" gets to make the call about
without judicial oversight. When
the government wants to violate
a citizen's right to privacy with
wiretaps and other forms of elec-
tronic surveillance, a judge from
a special panel the Federal
Intelligence Surveillance Court
- has to give approval. Surely
there should be at least as much
judicial review when the govern-
ment wants to violate a citizen's
right not to be blown to smith-
The one thing we know is this:
There will be drones. As drones
become more sophisticated, the
range of missions for which they
are used will grow. And as the
U.S. demonstrates the military
potential of drones, other na-
tions will build their own robot
fleets. We need to realize that the
future is now.

history with the present

dream," we'd move more quickly
forward in closing the economic
gaps that Blacks experience.
We've been doing this 50-year
thing for the past couple years,
and we'll be doing it for anoth-
er few. The "Greensboro Four"
North Carolina A&T State Uni-
versity Students (with the help
of Bennett College students, of-
ten ignored) sat in at Woolworth
counters on Feb. 1, 1960, more
than 50 years ago. The March on
Washington happened 50 years
ago. The Civil Rights Act was
passed in 1964, and beyond that
the 60s will resonate for the next
few years with commemorations
and anniversaries.
These celebrations are impor-
tant historical moments, but
who remembers? The median
age of the population in the U.S.
is about 37 years old. Many of
these folks remember the civil
rights moment through twice
and thrice told tales. Those who
are under the median age see the
civil rights movement as some-

thing like a fable, something they
heard about, but doesn't really
matter to them. Many of these
young people see themselves as
"post-racial." They hang out with
their peers, race notwithstand-
ing. They have never experienced
discrimination. Even when they
experience it, they are slow to
embrace it. They are post-racial,
whatever that means.
If some of these young people
had been immersed in history,
they might understand why the
Black unemployment rate is
twice that of the White rate. If
they had read some Dr. Martin
Luther King, who spoke of racial
disparities in much of his work,
they would understand the many
ways the struggle continues. But
popular culture suggests that
when Black folks and white folks
can both act extreme fools on re-
ality shows; there is some mea-
sure of equality.
Most folks 50 and older get it.
What about those who are both
younger than our nation's me-

dian age and unschooled in the
nuances of history? Is our con-
versation about race in America
stuck in some kind of time warp,
where we are unable to speak
cross generationally because we
have extremely different memo-
ries, recollections and knowledge
about that which happened 50
years ago?
We do our nation a disservice
when we duck and dodge our
racially tinged history. We have
to grace and embrace the past in
order to move forward with our
Somehow this is a message
that needs to be transmitted to
young people, especially in this
150th year after emancipation,
this 50th year after the March
on Washington, this season of
embracing and celebrating our
Julianne Malveaux is a Wash-
ington, D.C.-based economist and
writer. She is President Emerita
of Bennett College for Women in
Greensboro, N.C.

His week-long observance was
expanded to become Black His-
tory Month officially recog-
nized by the U.S. government
- in 1976.
Unlike it often seems to be
today, Woodson never intended
Black history to be about Black
firsts and a parade of Black
icons. Woodson was a scholar.
He intended this observance as
a means to get around the in-
stitutional hatred of the era and
ultimately have this new infor-
mation included in the teaching
of American history, period.
In particular, Woodson want-
ed Blacks to understand the
strong family values, work eth-
ic, sense of individual responsi-
bility, spirit of entrepreneurship
and incredible dignity that was
indicative of Blacks and their
African ancestors.
This educational pursuit was
also important to Woodson be-
cause he felt that historical
awareness would inspire Blacks

of his time, to avoid becoming
dependent on government to do
for them what they could do for
Woodson also believed that,
if white Americans knew the
true history of Blacks in Amer-
ica and in Africa, it would help
overcome negative stereotyping.
Negro History Week was envi-
sioned as a tool to develop and
cultivate new awareness and
new critiques. It was about uni-
ty. It was not a basis for ethno-
centric pride and cultural divide
- the path radical Blacks on
the left have pursued over the
past few decades.
I personally take advantage of
the national spotlight that Black
History Month provides to edu-
cate others about the real his-
tory leftist scholars rewrite or
ignore, and stress the original
purpose of Negro History Week.
Woodson's vision was that
someday a special week or
month would no longer be re-
quired in order to appropri-

ately honor Blacks '-.'nd their
accomplishments. Black his-
tory is American history and
a year-round school curricula
relevant to all.
But that won't occur under
the oversight of the U.S. Depart-
ment of Education as long as
there continues to be a left-wing
domination of public education.
When we segregate months to
highlight ethnicities and gen-
ders, we cease to simply rec-
ognize accomplishments and
instead encourage disunity
among Americans of all stripes.
The political left deserves scorn
for their determination to keep
America divided along ethnic,
cultural and so-called class
I am thankful for the work and
the vision of Dr. Carter G. Wood-
son. History is indeed a human
need. His contribution and that
of other Blacks is considerable
and far too important to ever
be compartmentalized into just
one month.

and purpose of Black History






Rubio's flip-flop on immigration r

Miami Times columnist. rlc@clyrnelegal corn

Politicians often held to

inappropriate criticism "
I never want to run for office for helping and criticize fellow
because everything about you Republicans for not helping.
comes under scrutiny as do I like him. The fact that he
your family and friends. Univi- has a weight issue, like most
sion wanted to do an interview Americans, is really not rel-
with Senator Marco Rubio but evant to his qualifications to
he refused. So they dredged up be governor or even president.
an old story of a drug bust in- Yet, the focus of the press is
volving his brother-in-law. It on his weight and not on his
does not feel right or appropri- policies or character. The other
ate to write something negative thing that is bothering me this
just because someone refuses week is the continued lack of
an interview, especially about respect shown to President
a family member that is in no Obama and now to Michelle
way related to any policy is- Obama, the first lady. I have
sue being dealt with by Rubio. never heard anyone discuss

Love when people tell me that I am fat or have a gut. There
is nothing like stating the obvious as if the person does not
know they have a weight issue.

If the principles for im-
migration reform that Sen.
Marco Rubio has been tout-
ing all over TV and talk radio
this week sound familiar, it's
because you've heard them
That's not to say the pro-
posals aren't valid, they just
aren't new.
You wouldn't know that,
though, the way Rubio takes
credit for the same ideas that
he denounced when he was
running for the Senate as a
tea party darling. Or by the
way some conservatives are
gushing over the 2016 presi-
dential contender, whom they
consider their Great Hispanic
Rubio is one of eight senators
- four Democrats and four Re-
publicans, including Arizona's
John McCain who crafted
the immigration framework
that calls for beefed up border
enforcement, expanded guest-
worker programs and legal sta-
tus for the 11 million undocu-
mnented immigrants already
here if they pay fines and back
taxes and learn English.
McCain and former'Sen. Ted
Kennedy, D-Mass., proposed
the same measures as part of
a bipartisan comprehensive

immigration bill in 2006. The
bill had the support of then
President George Bush and
then-Sen. Barack Obama but
conservatives considered it am-
nesty and derailed the bill.
McCain backed away from his
own bill during the 2008 Re-
publican presidential primary
after challenger Mitt Romney
accused him of offering am-
nesty to undocumented immi-
Rubio, apparently, was pay-
ing attention.
He, too, played the amnesty
card against former Florida
Gov. Charlie Crist during their
2010 battle for the Senate.
"He would have voted for the
McCain plan," Rubio said about
Crist during a Fox News debate.
"I think that plan is wrong, and
the reason I think it's wrong is
that if you grant amnesty, as
the governor proposes that we
do, in any form, whether it's
back of the line or so forth, you
will destroy any chance we will
ever have of having a legal im-
migration system that works
here in America."
Fast forward three years and
Rubio has no qualms about de-
stroying America's chances for
a working legal immigration

What a difference an election
The GOP hasn't won the
White House or the Hispanic
vote in the last two election
Immigration reform, they be-
lieve, is the carrot that will get
Hispanics in their camp.
President .Obama won 71
percent of the Hispanic vote
in 2012, up from 67 percent
in 2008. Hispanics made up
10 percent of the electorate in
Who better to carry Reptib-
licans' water on immigration
than Rubio, the son of Cuban
immigrants who represents a
state with the fourth largest im-
migrant population? Hispanics
make up 23 percent of Florida's
population and 14 percent of its
It's unfortunate Rubio only
cares about doing the right
thing on immigration when it's
politically expedient.
Rubio told CNN's Candy Crow-
ley during a debate with Crist
in 2010 that his immigration fix
was to secure the borders, re-
pair the legal system and then
have the undocumented "re-
turn to their homeland, and try
to re-enter through our system
that now functions."


Meanwhile, Governor Christie
is under siege because of his
weight. I know how he feels.
No matter what I do the weight
just keeps coming. I love when
people tell me that I am fat or
have a gut. There is nothing
like stating the obvious as if
the person does not know they
have a weight issue. Christie
did a tremendous job during
Hurricane Sandy and has an
approval rating of over 7 per-
cent in the New Jersey. He is
blunt, hardworking and not
so crazy partisan that he will
not thank President Obama

the body of a first lady. Does
anyone recall discussions
about Barbara Bush's derri-
ere? How about the bust size
of Nancy Reagan? Why is the
size of the derriere of a Black
first lady subject to discussion
and scrutiny. It is a complete
lack of respect. She dresses
well, she is brilliant, she cares
and she always carries herself
like a lady. She should not be
subject to locker room talk in
the national press.
Reginald J. Clyne is a partner
at Clyne and Associates, P.A. of
Miami/Fort Lauderdale.

Do Blacks support Black

businesses enough?
Ft. Lauderdale, unemployed Miami Gardens, teacher

"No, they
feel that Black
ments are
trashy, so they
prefer to go to
a suburban
area where it

Miami Gardens, teacher

"We try to
support each
other, but it
could better."

Miami Gardens, student

"No it's the crab in the bucket
effect. People
only get in-
volved if it'll
benefit them."

"No, the always want the
product for -
less than what -
you're sell-
ing it for. Yet
they'll go to
other cultures
and pay their
price." .'_

Miami Gardens, chef

"It could be blamed on both,
some busi-
nesses decide
not to. give
their best. And
some custom-
ers, want to
sample your
product before
they buy. You
can't make money that way."

Miami Gardens, student

"No they
don't. There's
no unity with-
in the Black

--i ;

Envisioning Emancipation in two
Deborah 'Willis and Barbara the early 1970s when, just out der a question that shook me to
Krauthamer, two scholars of of college and, so I thought, the core: Why am I surprised?
Black history, have written a steeped in Black history, cul- It was then I began to fully un-
book that shows what contem- ture and pride, I began to notice derstand the power of the visual
plating history is good for: It something peculiar about my in contemplating Blacks' histo-
simultaneously illuminates the reaction to many of the photo- ry. I realized that I was, subcon-
past and provokes questions graphs I would come across of sciously, still being influenced
that may help those of us living Blacks taken before the 1940s. by the racist images of Blacks
today find our future. It didn't matter whether the that dominated American popu-
Their book, Envisioning Eman- photographs were of urban, well- lar culture until the early 1960s.
cipation: Blacks and the End of dressed, middle-class Northern I began to correct myself. I be-
Slavery, presents more evidence, Blacks, or of the largely illiterate gan to fully accept that Black
in the form of nearly 150 photo- survivors of slavery still resid- Americans then were just like

graphs, that many Blacks of the
decades from the 1850s to the
1930s when the promise of
the American ideal flared bright-
ly for an instant and then was
nearly extinguished in a deluge
of bigotry lived rich, complex
lives and never psychologically
surrendered to the white major-
ity's demand that they feel infe-
For me, their analyses of these
pictures of the well-known -
such as abolitionists Sojourner
Truth, Frederick Douglass, and
Harriet Tubman the little-
known, and the unknown un-
derscored a lesson I learned in

State Representative Daphne
Campbell is back in the news
but probably wishes that she
wasn't. While the family mini-
van has picked up five viola-
tions for running red lights
since 2010, the Representative
has charged forward with new
legislation that would ban the
traffic surveillance cameras
that took pictures of her hus-
band breaking traffic laws. She
says she knew nothing about
it. She says folks are out to
get her and her family. But no
matter how much she denies it
or how the State of Florida Leg-

One question Envisioning Emancipation demands that
the Blacks living today contemplate: In this era of great
symbolic and substantive progress, and yet, simultane-
ously, daunting challenges that both reflect the present and echo
the past...

ing in the rural South and clad
in threadbare clothes, my reac-
tion was always the same: How
handsome (or beautiful) they
look, I would think to myself.
Look at their dignity, their poise,
their fearlessness, their determi-
nation to persevere.-
After a while, I began to pon-

islature tries to slice it, it just
seems like this is an example
of a conflict of interests. Stay

Our neighbors to the south,
Haiti, say there is a growing
number of citizens whose sup-
port of their current president,
Michel Martelly, is declining.
One reason is because the for-
mer musician who was once
the king. of carnival and de-
nounced governments and pol-
iticians, has now banned other
like-minded artists from taking
part in this year's carnival cel-

Blacks today: The photographs
were proof that Blacks of that
era were fully capable of fighting
back against the brutal hypoc-
risy of "the land of the free" that
had marooned them in a vast
sea of cruelty; and that they had
been equally relentless in trying
to hew a place of, comfort and

ebration. A few of the singers
whose lyrics were critical of the
Martelly regime were even dis-
invited from performing. Did
an 18-member committee real-
ly choose the 15 bands for the
carnival or did Martelly? Stay

A recent suit alleges that
Florida House and Senate staff
communicated via e-mails
and personal drop boxes with
Republican Party staff and
consultants on redistricting-
process issues. Last time we
checked, there was a consti-

Is that not the sarre ting as
And Rubio will need to broad-
en his base beyond the neocons
if he is to have a shot at the
White House. Make no mistake
that's what Rubio's new sense
of urgency on immigration is
about. We know this by his flip-
flopping.' And we know this by
his denial.
"I'm not pursuing reforms to
our immigration system, be-
cause of the last election or
future elections," he wrote on
the conservative blog RedState.
"I'm doing what I can because
I believe it's important for our
Why, then, didn't he pursue
these important-for-our-coun-
try reforms during his first or
second year in office?
For the first time since 1986,
the U.S. is poised to have com-
prehensive immigration reform
and that's good. But don't in-
sult our intelligence by asking
us to believe it's being done in
good conscience as opposed to
political consciousness.
Rhonda Swan is an editorial
writer for The Palm Beach Post
and author of Dancing to the
Rhythm of My Soul: A Sister's
Guide for Transforming Mad-
ness into Gladness.

opportunity out of theirA diTicul
Willis, chair and professor
of photography and imaging
at New York University's Tisch
School of the Arts, and Krau-
thamer, an assistant professor
of history at the University of
Massachusetts at Amherst, help
us to understand that assertive-
ness in many of the photographs
they present here and that it was
widespread among Southern as
well as Northern Blacks of all
One question Envisioning
Emancipation demands that the
Blacks living today contemplate:
In this era of great symbolic and
substantive progress, and yet,
simultaneously, daunting chal-
lenges that both reflect the pres-
ent and echo the past, do we
understand that we, too, have to
strive for our own emancipation?
What is it we're envisioning?
Lee A. Daniels is a long-
time journalist. His book, Last
Chance: The Political Threat to
Black America was published in

tutional ban against such ac-
tions. It could take months or
even years for the suit, filed by
a group of Democratic-minded
plaintiffs and a coalition of vot-
ers groups, to be resolved in
court. Republicans have flatly
denied any wrongdoing. How-
ever, you can't help but won-
der if there's something illegal
afoot, given recent efforts by
attorneys to shield the Legis-
lature and the Party's consul-
tants from producing docu-
ments or being questioned in
depositions to explain their
"work." They say where there's
smoke, there's fire. Stay tuned.



to Miami Wimes
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ters to: Letters to the Editor, The Miami Times, 900 N.W. 54th Street, Miami, FL
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I Spirzeadmg'Lirogy


Obama's favorability

is highest since '09

By Greg Holyk

President Barack Obama has
advanced to his highest personal
popularity since his first year in of-
fice, and Americans who've formed
an opinion of his second Inaugural
Address last week broadly approve
of it, the latest ABC News/Wash-
ington Post poll finds.
At the same time, Obama's fa-
vorability rating is lower than that
of two of the last three re-elected
presidents as they started, their
second terms, Bill Clinton and
Ronald Reagan. He's in better
shape compared with the third,
George W. Bush.
Sixty percent of Americans now
express a favorable opinion of
Obama overall, up 10 points since
last summer, in the heat of the
presidential race. His popularity
peaked at a remarkable 79 per-
cent days before he took office four
years ago, and last saw the 60s in
Nov. 2009.
Obama's approval rating for his
inaugural address last week is
lower 51 percent approve in this
poll, produced for ABC by Langer
Research Associates, but just 24
percent disapprove, a 2-1 ratio
in favor of the speech. A quarter
of Americans have no opinion of it
either way.
Intensity of sentiment is a plus
for Obama: More have a "strongly"
favorable opinion of him than a

B\ .4Aiso'ai Pr,

Democratic gubernatorial can-
didate Nan Rich blasted Gov.
Rick Scott on several fronts
Wednesday, saying she would
be best suited to get Florida
back on the right track.
Rich criticized the first-term
governor and Republican
Legislature for prioritizing "a
right-wing agenda" she said is
harmful to the state.
There are few decisions
that Go\. Scott has made that
hae been good for Florida,"
Rich said during a half-hour
appearance at The Associated
Press' 19th annual legislative
planning meeting that attracts
some 100 newspaper editors
and broadcast journalists. "I'm
definitely a fed-up Floridian."
The former state senator
from Weston said Scott tried
to make it harder to vote in
the 2012 election by signing
off on controversial bill that
some saw as an attempt to
limit minority voting. She also
said he took money out of the

educanon budget -
during his first
year in office and
delay, ed Florida's.
implementation of t
the Affordable Care
Act. "
She said Scott ig-
nored his own job
initiatives when he
rejected a $2.4 b'il-
lion federal grant
for high-speed rail
and the thousands RICK
of jobs that may Florida
have resulted.
Scott, who spoke earlier to
the group, has adjusted his
position on the controversial
2011 bill (HB 1355) and limited
the number of early-voting
days and added provisions
some saw as making it more
difficult for young and minor-
ity voters to cast ballots. Scott
is now asking to expand the
number of early voting days.
He also said he plans to-ask
the Legislature for a $1.2 bil-
lion increase in spending fore
public schools, which could
create a clash with GOP law-


Rich, 70, is con-
S. sidered an early
h" longshot in the
race, with Specu-
lation still sur-
rounding former
Republican Gov.
Charlie Crist
now a Democrat
and the unsuc-
cessful 20120:
'COTT nee, Alex Sink,
governorr still pondering the
Democratic con-
She noted that former Govs.
Reubin Aslkev, Bob Graham
and Lawton Chiles were all
relatively unknown state sena-
tors who overcame long odds to
become governor.
Rich spent a dozen years in .
the Florida Legislature where
she was a strong voice on edu-
cation and health care issues.
Rich announced her intention
to seek the Democratic nomi-
nation in April and has been
traveling the state to increase
her profile with voters.

strongly unfavorable one, 39 vs.
26 percent, and twice as many
strongly approve of his inaugural
speech as disapprove. It's the first
time he's been significantly more
strongly popular than unpopular
since early 2010.

The president continues to be
highly popular within his own
party,, with 92 percent favorabil-
ity. Notably, 60 percent of inde-
pendents see him favorably vs.
36 percent unfavorably, his best
since his first year in office. He
remains unpopular, however,
with 80 percent of Republicans.
Similarly, 87 percent of liberals
and 68 percent of moderates view
the president positively, drop-
ping to 34 percent of conserva-
tives overall and just a quarter of
strong conservatives.
In other groups, Obama's more
popular among women than
men by nine points. And he's
rated favorably by 87 percent of
nonwhites, two-thirds of young
adults and two-thirds of those
in the lower- to middle-income
brackets. By contrast, his favor-
ability drops to 45 percent among
whites a group he lost to Mitt
Romney by 20 points and 47
percent of those with household
incomes more than $100,000 a

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Democratic hopeful blasts Scott


j J,




acUMs S alIt CI-oMIr o PIark in ceIeb aIAto oII Bl Is o ...,I IM .U

Macy's Salutes Gordon Parks in celebration of Black History Month

tory Month is the annual cel-
ebration of the achievements
and accomplishments by
Blacks. People are celebrat-
ing all across the country with
and other events.
Hundreds of people gathered
in the Museum of African Amer-
ican Art on Saturday,February
9th to honor an American icon.
Macy's, The Gordon Parks
Foundation anid the American.

In 1969, Parks became the first
African-American to write and
direct a Hollywood feature film
based on his bestselling novel
"The Learning Tree." This was
followed in 1971 by the huge-
ly successful motion picture
The Museum of African
American Art served as the per-
fect venue to honor Mr.Parks

legacy. Angelenos were able
to discover,in some cases,re-
discover with some arts,photos
and other memorabilia com-
memorating LA Trailblazers
in the fields of cinema,civil
rights,music and politics.The
exhibit "The 90 That Built LA"
was the perfect way to frame
this historic event. "The 90
That Built LA" exhibit on dis-

play thru March 7, 2013 at the
Museum of African American
Art on the 3rd Floor of Macy's.
Guest enjoyed some light re-
freshments of wine courtesy of
Esterlina Vineyards. Post and
Beam Restaurant served a mini
three course meal which con-
sisted of pickled beet ricotta and
mint crostini for the first course.
The second course featured

homerhade sausage,stuffed
green Italian olives. The final
course consisted of hamhocks,
collared greens and white ched-
dar cheese stuffed arancini.If
that wasn't enough;Chef Ryan
Constanza topped it off with
dessert of Lemon Olive Oil cake
with strawberry compote.
Vanessa Burnett moderated
Macy's "In Conversation" with

actor/director Eriq La Salle,
American Black Film Festival
CEO Jeff Friday, and Devan
Baptiste.They had a spirited
discussion about Gordon Parks
legacy, his influences on their
lives and how he continues to
serve as an inspiration and in-
fluence to countless photogra-
phers, directors, filmmakers
and many others.


Black Film Festival celebrated
the 100th birthday of American
icon Gordon Parks.This was a
special evening of conversa-
tions, as speakers discussed
his influence on the world of
photography,film and literature.
A humanitarian with a
deep commitment to social
justice,Gordon Parks was one
of the seminal figures of twen-
tieth century photography.From
the early 1940's until his death
in 2006,Parks created a body of
work that documents many of
the most important aspects of
American culture,with a focus
on race relations,poverty,Civil
Rights and urban life.In
addition,Parks was a celebrated
composer,author and filmmaker
who interacted with many of
the most prominent people of
his era-from politicians and art-
ists to celebrities and athletes.

Macy's ups


raising its fourth-quarter ad-
justed earnings forecast after a
strong performance in January.
The department store chain is
also planning to make changes
to its retirement plans to try to
better manage rising costs.
Macy's, which runs Blooming-
dale's and its namesake Macy's
stores, said revenue at stores
open at least a year, a key gauge
of a retailer's performance, .rpse.
11.7 percent in January. This
handily topped the 6.4 per-
cent increase analysts polled by
Thomson Reuters expected.
Revenue at stores open at least
a year excludes results from
stores recently opened or closed.
Chairman, President and CEO
Terry Lundgren said in a state-
ment that Macy's January sales
were, helped by putting more new
fashion items into its stores for
post-holiday shoppers.
Total revenue for the five weeks
ended Feb. 2 rose 34.6 percent
to $1.8 billion.. Online sales for
the month jumped 48.9 percent.
Macy's now foresees quarterly
earnings between $1.94 and
$1.99 per share, up from a range
of $1.91 to $1.96 per share. The
company said that it was basi-
cally returning to an earnings
outlook that it previously gave in
November. Analysts surveyed by
FactSet expect earnings of $1.96
per share.
Quarterly-revenue climbed 7
percent to $9.35 billion, topping
the average analyst estimate
of $9.29 billion, as online sales
surged 47.7 percent. Revenue at
stores open at least a year was
up 3.9 percent.
Fiscal 2012 revenue climbed
4.9 percent to $27.69 billion.
Revenue at stores open at least a
year rose 3.7 percent, and online
sales increased 41 percent.
Macy's said benefits payable
under its existing pension and
executive retirement plans will
be fixed at current levels, effec-
tive Dec. 31. Starting with the
new year, the retailer's matching
contributions under its 401(k)
plan will increase and a new de-
fined contribution plan similar to
the 401(k) plan will'begin.

Fl m II.*', 1711 Annual
SAB American
.,4 100 YEARS *B7 I a AAirlines' F u
THE GORDON PARKS FOUNDATION AM.ERICAN LACK FILM tIvAL JNO19-2:. ~ 01 250 Cities. 40 Countries. Find us. Follow us.
Events subject to change or cancellation. *While supplies last. **No purchase necessary. Open to legal residents of the United States; the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico who are at least 18 years and older. Employees of Macy's,
American Airlines and their immediate family members are not eligible. Sweepstakes void in Alaska, Hawaii, Guam and where prohibited by law. For complete sweepstakes details and official rules visit macys.com/celebrate. ARV $4585.00





Girl awarded $1.7M after bus assault

By Jane Musgrave

utes after a jury late Wednesday
awarded a mentally challenged
Pahokee girl $1.7 million for
the trauma she suffered when
she was raped on a Palm Beach
County school bus when she
was 3, the girl's mother rushed
toward those who had given her
daughter a second chance.
"Wait," she called out just be-
fore they filed out the door. "I
want to thank all of you."
In turn, she hugged each of the
four women and two men who re-
jected the school board's claims

that her daughter wasn't hurt by
the 2007 attack. School board
attorneys argued the girl was too
young and too mentally disabled
to understand what a 15-year-
old emotionally disturbed youth
did to her on the bus filled with
special needs kids.
With tears streaming down her
face, the mother looked at the
girl's father. Both heaved sighs
of relief.
"It means a lot to me," she said
of the verdict. "My daughter fi-
nally got justice."
The school board never denied
the girl was molested. Both the
bus driver and the aide who was
on the bus to protect the stu-

dents were fired. The aide, Gren-
isha Williams, was convicted of
child neglect in connection with
the incident and put on proba-
tion. Sexual battery charges
were filed against J.C. Carter,
the youth school police said as-
saulted the child. The school
board even changed policies,
decreeing that young children
should no longer be allowed to
ride buses with older kids.
But, the district never agreed
to compensate the now 9-year-
old girl for the trauma that her
attorneys argued exacerbated
her considerable learning prob-
"I think the jury got it," attor-

ney Stephan Le Clainche said.
Despite school board attor-
neys' claims to the contrary, he
said: "The jury realized that any
child of a tender age who is the
victim of physical or sexual vio-
lence is going to carry the stain
of it their entire life."
But, he acknowledged, the bat-
tle is far from over. Under Flori-
da law, government agencies in
2007 could only be forced to pay
$100,000 for injuries caused by
their wrongdoing. (The cap on
so-called sovereign immunity,
that comes from the English
concept that the King can do no
wrong, has since been raised to

Deadly force OK, grand jury finds

By Dan Christensen

Two years ago, Miramar po-
lice shot to death two brothers
in a residential parking lot dur-
ing a nighttime drug investiga-
Now it turns out that one of
the men hit six times was
killed by mistake, according to
a Broward County Grand Jury
Still, no criminal charges will
be filed against the four officers
who together fired 49 shots at
Herson and Hedson Hilaire af-
ter Herson allegedly tried to run
down an officer at the Tuscany
Apartments complex about 9
p.m. Feb. 1, 2011.
According to the grand jury,
both men's deaths at the hands
of police were justified.
"Officer Marc Moretti, Officer
Damaso Espiritusanto, Offi-
cer Bosco Neuhaus and Officer
Michael Bolduc unintention-
ally injured and killed Hedson
Hilaire while using justifiable
deadly force against Herson Hi-
laire in self-defense or defense
of others," says the 10-page
report that publicly identifies
those officers for the first time.
Neither of the Hilaire broth-
ers is described in the report as

-Broward Bulldog
Herson Hilaire, left, and his brother Hedson were shot to death
by Miramar police two years ago.

having been armed.
Hedson Hilaire, 33, died in
the passenger seat of the blue,
2003 Honda Civic his brother
was driving. Herson Hilaire,
28, piled out of the car after
the shooting started and ran,
only to be gunned down on the
street about 20 feet away, the
report says.
The grand jury, whose report
was made public in October to
little notice, wrote that it exam-

ined "numerous" physical ex-
hibits and took sworn testimo-
ny from 14 witnesses, including
civilians. It is unclear from the
report whether any of those ci-
vilian witnesses observed the
Officers Moretti, Espiritus-
anto and Neuhaus appeared
voluntarily to testify before the
.grand jury. Officer Bolduc did
not testify. The report does not
say why.

.Here's the grand jury's offi-
cial account of how the Hilaire
brothers died:
Police Safe Streets Unit Offi-
cers Bolduc and Espiritusanto
were on foot patrol that eve-
ning in the apartment complex
at Southwest 29th Street and
83rd Avenue.
"From a common area out-
side a window they observed
two individuals through some
open blinds, later identified as
brothers Herson Hilaire and
,Hedson Hilaire, engaged in
what appeared to be the cut-
ting and packaging of crack
cocaine, an activity they rec-
ognized from their police train-
ing and experience," the report
That alleged drug packaging
included handling a "racquet-
ball-sized chunk" of crack by
the kitchen sink.
Officers Bolduc and Espiri-
tusanto notified their sergeant
and Moretti and Neuhaus.
Initially, they planned what's
known in police parlance as a
"knock and talk" knock on
the front door and ask for con-
sent to search the home or ob-
tain other information needed
to obtain a search warrant.

Authorities announce $iM reward for Dorner

By Tami Abdollah
Associated Press

leads in a massive manhunt,
Los Angeles authorities on Sun-
day offered a $1 million reward
for information leading to the
arrest of Christopher Dorner,
the former police officer sus-
pected in three killings.
Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa
announced the reward, raised
through several private and
public donors, at a news con-
ference at LAPD headquarters.
"Our dedication to catch this
killer remains steadfast," Vil-
laraigosa said. "We will not tol-.
erate this reign of terror."
Meanwhile, authorities said
camping gear was found along
with weapons inside Dorner's
burned-out pickup truck. The
vehicle found Thursday in the
ski resort town of Big Bear Lake
was so charred that investiga-
tors couldn't be more specific

about the nature
of its contents, Sgt.
Rudy Lopez said.
Also Sunday, po-
lice investigated
a taunting phone
call that may have
been made by
Dorner to the fa-
ther of the woman
they believe he
killed last week.


Two law enforce-
ment officers who requested
anonymity because of the on-
going investigation told The As-
sociated Press they are trying
to determine if the call days af-
ter the killing was made by the
33-year-old fugitive or a man
posing as him.
SWAT teams with air support
and bloodhounds fanned out
for the fourth day to search for
Dorner, who has vowed revenge
against several former LAPD
colleagues whom he blames for
ending his career.

The effort was
significantly scaled
back as the week-
end went on, with
25 officers and a
single helicopter
looking for clues
in the forest and
going door-to-
door at some 600
cabins in the San
Bernardino moun-

tains, about 80
miles northeast of downtown
Los Angeles.
On Saturday, Chief Char-
lie Beck said officials would
re-examine the allegations by
Dorner that his law enforce-
ment career was undone by
racist colleagues. While he
promised to hear out Dorner if
he surrenders, Beck stressed
that he was ordering a review
of his 2007 case because he
takes the allegation of racism
in his department seriously.
"I do this not to appease a

murderer. I do it to reassure
the public that their police de-
partment is transparent and
fair in all the things we do," the
chief said in a statement.
Authorities suspect Dorner in
a series of attacks in Southern
California over the past week
that have left three people dead.
Authorities say he has vowed
revenge against several former
colleagues. The killings and
threats that Dorner allegedly
made in an online rant have led
police to provide protection to
50 families, Beck said.
,A captain who was named a
target in the manifesto posted
on Facebook told the Orange
County Register he has not
stepped outside his house since
he learned of the threat.

Miami-Dade Corrections Officer,
accused of shooting husband
A Miami-Dade Corre oicr r i .-tairr :,rnd' 3,ccuised of shooting her husband. Police
say Sgt. Angeleatha L. Chestnut, 47, got into 3 heated argument with her husband
early Friday because he was staying out late hours. Ac. the hght escalated, Chest-
nut grabbed a hjnidgun, according to the police report. She then allegedly shot her
husband once, str'jing him in the s.hulder Authorities *ay Chestnut's husband was
transported to the ,der Trauma Center at ,Jarl.nsonr Memorial Hosirtal in critical but
stable condition. Chestnut was arrested lor attempted second-degree murder, she
posted bond la't Saturdj'v morning.

Man, allegedly kills wife over a hamburger
A West Kendall man fa.3es murder ch3rgem after police say he stabbed hi, wife multi-
ple times during a dispute 'r Jan. 21. What '/.'ere they arguing about? Hi.. wife refused
tI make him a hamburger Bartulc Gelsornmino, 7., was arrested after his daughter dis-
covered the lheless b'ody o, her mother at their home, accor ing to the arrest affidavit.
In a taped i:onlfesion, Gelcomin detailed the stabbing to police and later tool:
rivestiqgators to the scene, reeling the murder weapon and clothes he was wearing
during the atta[.l.. Gelsomiro iw.a. apprehen dedl when he returned to the scene oi the
crime, wearing 3 blood-:tained shirt. Detectives had to hnd 3 translator for the Sicily-
born retiree whose first language i. Italian. Gelsomrin, is being held without bond on
one count ol second-degree murder.

Miami cops plead guilty

to extortion charges

Miami Times staff report

Nathaniel Dauphin, 41, a police
office with the City of Miami since
1996, pleaded guilty last Wednes-
day to extortion providing pro-
tection for a Liberty City sports-
gambling ring. He admitted to
receiving close to $5,000 from
the owner of a sports-betting
business from November 2010
until March 2012. The Liberty
City-based barber shop, Player's
Choice, served as the front for
the illegal sports-betting busi-
ness. Dauphin .could face up to

Tracy Mourning
Tracy Mourning, the wife of
retired Miami Heat star Alonzo
Mourning, was arrested early
Friday morning near
Miami for driving under
the influence.
Police say Mouining
was driving her 2010
Porsche Panamera on
Douglas Road in Coco-
nut Grove around 3:40
a.m. when an officer
clocked her speeding
28 miles over the speed MO
limit. MOU
According to the
police report, Mourning then ran
through a stop sign and swerved
until an officer stopped her at
Old Cutler Road and San Ser-
vando Avenue.
The arresting officer wrote that
Mourning politely asked, "What
did I do, sir?" and then winked as
she said, "Was going fast, wasn't
I?" According to the police report,
Mourning told the officer she

20 years in prison but is expected
to get a much-reduced sentence
because of his assistance in the
federal corruption probe. Fel-
low Officer Harold James, 29, an
eight-year police veteran, who re-
signed from the Department last
November, pleaded guilty to two
charges of extortion last Friday.
His involvement centered around
a check-cashing store at NW 79th
Street and 7th Avenue where he
was paid to protect a courier con-
cerned about getting robbed and
for "warning" about "police activ-

arrested for DUI
had just had. dinner with some
"amazing friends."
Mourning smelled of alcohol,


had bloodshot eyes,
and slurred her speech,
the officer wrote. She
failed a roadside sobri-
ety test and refused an
on-scene blood alcohol
level test, prompting
him to take her into
Mourning, the
namesake of North
Miami's Alonzo and

Tracy Mourning Senior
High School, was charged with
driving under the influence.
She and her husband are often
recognized for their charitable
contributions to South Florida,
including the Honey Shine Men-
toring Program Tracy Mourning
began in 2002. Alonzo Mourning
currently serves as Vice Presi-
dent of Player Programs and
Development for the Heat.

A photograph on Page 4A of last week's edition misidentified Vivilora
Perkins, Urban Partnership Drug Free Community Coalition program
coordinator. We apologize for the error.
An article on Page 5A of last week's edition misidentified Ceresta
Smith as the recipient of UTD President Karen Aronowitz's endorse-
ment. Aronowitz has, in fact, endorsed Federick Ingram.

Got water questions?

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You can view your billing history, pay your bill, start or transfer service,
request a high bill investigation, change your mailing address or phone
number and more. It's all at your fingertips.

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to get started today!

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about online services, call 3-1-1




Black History Month boosts visitor traffic at heritage sites

By Arlene Satchell

South Florida heritage sites
that offer a glimpse into the his-
tory of Blacks and their contri-
butions continue to be top at-
tractions for locals and visitors
during Black History Month.
The Old Dillard Museum in
Fort Lauderdale and Spady Cul-
tural Heritage Museum in Delray
Beach are both seeing an uptick
in visitor traffic this month, of-
ficials say.
February was officially desig-
nated Black History Month in
1976, but its roots can be traced
to 1926 when the second week of
February was celebrated as Ne-
gro History Week.
Greater Fort Lauderdale Con-
vention & Visitors Bureau offi-
cials say the area is a top desti-
nation for Black family reunions,
and offers many programs and
attractions to celebrate Black
One example is Fort Lau-
derdale's Sistrunk Boulevard,
which is named after Black phy-
sician Dr. James Sistrunk. He
helped build the only hospital
for Blacks in Broward County,
which operated from 1938 into
the 1960s.
Today the-boulevard is home to
the Black Research Library and
Cultural Center, which houses
several special collections of
books, artwork, artifacts, photos
and other documents that focus
on Black culture and history.
Some 2,235 visitors attended
programs at the research library
and cultural center in 2012 dur-
ing Black History Month, up
from 2,191 in 2011, said Des-
mond Hannibal, programs and
exhibits coordinator.
Hannibal said last Tuesday he
expects those numbers to grow
in 2013.

Last February, the library
hosted a group of about 40
Blacks from Britain who were in
town to take a cruise, a Dutch
group from Curacao and sev-
eral family reunion groups from
across the U.S., Hannibal said.

"Black History Month is spe-
cial and we do pay a lot of atten-
tion to it," said Hannibal, noting
the special programming offered.
This year, that includes a
storytelling performance at
12:30p.m. on Feb. 16 on the
civil right movement and other
topics. There is also a discussion
at 6 p.m. on Feb. 25 of Dr. Mar-
vin Dunn's new book "The Beast
in Florida: A History of Anti-
Black Violence."
Visitors also will find Black
history markers at John U. Lloyd
State Park and Recreation Area
in Dania Beach, which houses a
historic site once known as the
"Black beach" during segrega-
Delray's Spady museum will
host a "Ride & Remember" trol-
ley ride Feb. 13 as part of Black
History Month celebrations,
which will spotlight contribu-
tions of the city's Black pioneers.
Tickets cost $20 per person. A
new exhibit "Local Treasures
of Black History," will open at
the museum on Feb. 14.
"We're busy all the time this
month," said Charlene Far-
rington Jones, Spady's museum
Last Feb., the Spady welcomed
approximately 700 visitors that
month compared with 250 visi-
tors in June, Jones said.
Travel reviews website TripAd-
visor is one of the "most effective
tools for bringing people to us,"
Jones said.
In Fort Lauderdale's Sistrunk
Boulevard neighborhood, visi-
tors also will find the Elks Lodge,
a Black civic organization dating
back to the 1920s, and the Old
Dillard Museum, which pays
tribute to the first school for
people of color in the city.
"We're seeing an increase in
both local and out-of-town visi-
tors," said Derek Davis, the mu-
seum's curator. The visitor boost
is linked to the increased num-
ber of activities the museum typ-
ically hosts in Feb., its busiest
month with about 1,000 visitors,
Davis said.

Visitors can view a new exhibit
- "The Healing Arts of the An-
cestors" by Sam X, the Gourd
Master that opened last

Thursday and a Saturday work-
shop will also illustrate some of
the artist's techniques.
Another Broward County fa-
cility Miramar Cultural Cen-

ter is also hosting events this
month that showcase the Black
The Harlem Gospel Choir will
perform Saturday and about 400

tickets already have been sold
for the event, which also has at-
tracted out-of-town visitors, said
Edna LaRoche, the center's mar-
keting manager.

Pope Benedict XVI relinquishes noble position

continued from 1A

challenge of guiding the world's
one billion Catholics. That task
'Aill fall to his successor, w.ho
will ha'e to contend not onl',
with a Roman Catholic Church
marred by the sexual abuse
crisis, but also with an increas-
ingly secular Europe and the
spread of Protestant elangeli-
cal movements in the U S Lat-
in America and Africa
The resignation sets up a
struggle between the staunch-
est conservatives, in Benedict's
mold, who advocate a smaller
church of more fervent believ-
ers, and those who believe that
the church can broaden its .ap-
peal in small but significant
ways, like allowing divorced
Catholics who remarry without
an annulment to receive com-
munion or loosening restric-
tions on condom use in an ef-
fort to prevent AIDS. There are
no plausible candidates who
would move on issues like end-

ing celibacy IFr priests. or the
ordination itf women
Main', \vaucan o watchers sus-
pect that the cardinals will
choose soimeotne t. Ilh better
management skills and a more.
personal touch than the bo,.k-
ish Beri-dict, 'omeione '. ho can
extend the church's reach to
new constituencies, particu-
larly to the young people of
Europe, for whom the church
is now largely irrelevant, and
to Latin. America and Africa,
where evangelical movements
are fast encroaching.
The other big battle in the
church is over the demograph-
ic distribution of Catholics,
which has shifted decisively
to the developing world. To-
day, 42 percent of adherents
come from Latin America, and
about 15 percent from Africa,
versus only 25 percent from
Europe. That has led many in
the church to say that the new
pope should represent a part of
the world where membership is
gro'ving quickly, while others

say that spiritual vision should
be paramount.
But while most of the world's
Catholics live outside Europe.
most of th ,:--ardials come
from E,_uro.pe. pO:iting to a cen-
tra-l tension- '. hle the Vatican
is a global organization. i it s of-
ten run like an Italian village.
Already, speculation is rife
about who best fills the'per-
ceived needs ,of the church.
Cardinal Angelo Scola, the
powerful archbishop of Milan,
is seen as the strongest Ital-
ian contender. A conservative
theologian with an interest in
bioethics and Catholic-Muslim
relations, he is known for his
intellect, his background in the
same theological tradition as
Benedict, his media savvy and
his strong ties with the Italian
political establishment. Vatican
experts laud his popular touch,
even if his writings. are often
. Cardinal Marc Ouellet, a dog-
matic theologian and a Canadi-
ad, is widely seen as a favorite

of Benedic,:t, vh, named him
head of the Vatican's influen-
tial Co:ngregatin ri for Bi.,hops to
help select bishops around the
world. Cardinal Peter Appiah
Tiurkscin of Gh-_-ia. the head of
the ',.'atican' Ponrtilical Council
for Social Justice. is seen as the
most likel', African contender
for the papacy He is known Ifor
his semir-orthodux ie',\s on the
use of c'-ndjms. sayiing that
married couples could possibly
use them to prevent infection
when oine partner is HIV-posi-
tive. C,.rdinal Leonardo Sandri.
the -refect for the Congrega-
tion for Eastern Churches. is
an Argentine, %\ho would excite
the Latin Amr crican mtng of the
church. And for the first time
there i; talk that an American.
Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan of
New York, could be a contender
for pope. His deep conserva-
tism combined with a folksy
charisma make him popu-
lar with the faithful, at a time
when the church is focused on
"new evangelization."

Two Africans among top contenders for Pope

continued from 1A

hierarchy may be looking to Lat-
in America where there are 1.2
billion Catholics, about 42 per-
cent of the world's total Catholic
Historically, before the pon-
tificate of John Paul II and
Benedict XVI from Poland and
Germany respectively, the posi-
tion of Pope had been reserved
for Italians. However. beginning
with thp pontificate of John

Paul II, it became implicit that
the position was open to all.
Yet, it appears that the pros-
pects are brightest for Cardi-
nal Kodwo Appah Turkson of
Ghana who is the president of
the Pontifical Council of Justice
and Peace. He took over the po-
sition from the post of Prefect
Emeritus of the Congregation
for Divine Worship after Cardi-
nal Joseph Ratzinger became
Pope Benedict XVI
Cardinal Turkson has not
shied aay', from speaking

about the prospects for a Black
African Pope. The Daily Mail
reports he once said: "If God
would wish to see a Black man
also as pope, thanks be to God."
Turkson is noted for his belief
that married couples may use a
condom where one of the part-
ners has AIDS. This may seem
obvious to ordinary folk, but in
non-Western conservative cir-
cles of the Catholic Church this
is a pretty\ liberal position for a
cardinal to hold. Compare Nige-
ria's Cardinal Francuis Arinze. an

arch-consenrative, who would
not accept use of contraceptive
even to present AIDS tranLsmis-
sion between couples But at a
ripe old age of 80. one may say
that he belongs to a different
generauon than the relatively
young Turkson wvho is only 64.
Incidentally, age may favor
Turkson following Benedict
XVI's decision to resign on the
grounds of old a-e. In the ctr-
currstances. the cardinals may
falor a younger Pontff to re-
place the outgoing


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1 / _'-_ " -

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IAfil i[L I
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& A


By Larry Copeland

HAMILTON, Ga. The chain-link fence slices through
the Hamilton City Cemetery, splitting it into two clearly
defined sections.
On one side are beautiful, grassy vistas with well-tended
plots where rest some of the city's most esteemed citi-
zens. On the other are hundreds of abandoned, overgrown
graves, some thought to contain the remains of slaves.
Many are unmarked; some are inaccessible in the thick
At first glance, that fence seems as defiant and forbid-
ding as the "Whites Only" signs that once defined life in
this'city of 1,021 about 90 miles southwest of Atlanta. But
the situation at the Hamilton City Cemetery, which was
established in 1828, is not uncommon in cities and towns
across the Southeast. The fence represents not so much
the grip of the region's segregationist past as a disturbing
dilemma in the nation's present:
Just who owns Black history, whether the lost stories
from a worn graveyard or the very events or poetic mo-
ments that have shaped this nation? Perhaps more trou-
bling: Who wants it and will cultivate it for future genera-
It's a question that resonates as we leave a month swell-
ing with Black achievement the 150th anniversary of
the Emancipation Proclamation, the Martin Luther King
Jr. federal holiday, the second inauguration of the nation's
first Black president and usher in Black History Month.
Yet those hard-won gains toward a post-racial society
for the living seem to fade amid the forgotten souls in
places such as the Hamilton City Cemetery.
The most unsettling thing about the neglected Black
cemetery in Hamilton is how little is known about these
citizens who lived and died long ago. The very earliest
graves, the ones buried deepest,in the woods, are un-
marked. The ones from the 20th century mostly have
markers that include only a name and dates of birth and
Here lies E.T. Smith: 1876-1916. Over there is Soph-
ronie Pitts: Aug. 1, 1855-Aug. 27, 1944. And back there
rests W.C. Robinson: Oct. 11, 1852-Nov. 25, 1935. Re-
cords at the county courthouse reveal no details of their
Andrea McNally, an amateur historian who's leading an
effort to have the city or Harris County clean and maintain
the "Black side" of the cemetery, has been repeatedly frus-
trated by the fact that no one here seems to know just who
owns thatpart of the burial ground.
"Everyone I approached, when I asked about it, they
said, 'Are you referring to the white or Black cemetery?",
she says. "I went to the tax office, went to the deed office.
Nobody knows who owns it."
Ownership is important because maintaining a cemetery
is expensive. The dead lack a natural constituency to see
that a site is properly maintained, say experts including
Michael Trinkley, director of the Chicora Foundation,
The "white" section of Hamilton City
Cemetery features well-manicured grounds
with sweeping vistas. A chain-link fence
separates it from Black graves on the south
side, which is overgrown with trees and

bushes and shows years of neglect.

-Photo by Michael A. Schwarz
Sgt. 1st Class Ronald Spear, both based at Fort
Benning, help clear Hamilton City Cemetery.

a Columbia, S.C.-based, non-profit heritage group that
works on cemetery preservation.
Georgia state law allows but does not require local
governments to maintain abandoned cemeteries. Both
county and city officials deny ownership.
"Counties frequently don't know who owns cemeteries,"
Trinkley says. "They had no reason to tax them, because
they can't collect taxes off them, so they had no reason
to keep up with ownership."
Local governments, he says, are extremely reluctant to
assume the steep costs of providing perpetual care for a
plot that generates no tax revenue. "Cemeteries are like
any other historic resource," he says. "They have to have
a constituency."
He says communities have resolved similar situations
in different ways:
In Columbia, S.C., Black state legislators got a one-
time, $300,000, state grant to care for Randolph Cemetery,
started in downtown Columbia in 1872 by a group of
Black legislators and -,uLiinessmen. It was'the city's first
cemetery for Black but eventually fell into neglect.
Portsmouth, Va., is taking steps to consolidate four es-
sentially abandoned Black cemeteries Mount Calvary,
Mount Olive, Fisher's and Potter's Field under city
ownership. The cemeteries were begun between 1879 and
1894 and have been abandoned since at least the early
Thomasville, Ga., takes care of both its white cemetery,
the Old Cemetery, and its Black one, Flipper Cemetery,
"in a ver equ-al. even-handed fashion," Trinkley says.
These neglected Black cemeteries are most common in
the Deep South but also are seen inr other parts of the
country, Mansfield. Te-:as. ne,- Fort W\orth.
Laces ,a srucation nearly', dentical to
Han-,ilori's. a e',:- n separating
a '.', hlte cemetery, near

do\\nto ',T


-"holr, by Mchael A soLa, r

from a Black one containing the anonymous graves of
former slaves. A Black church there took over ownership
of that cemetery.
In many instances, Black cemeteries in the South were
started by small associations of a dozen or so Black com-
munity leaders around the turn of the century. As those
people died off, and as 6 million Black people moved North
during the Great Migration of 1910-70, ownership of the
cemeteries became muddled, Trinkley says.

No one seems to know whether that's what happened in
Many long-time residents of Hamilton were unaware
that the cemetery was even there until the recent death
of Annie B. Copeland, a 96-year-old Black woman who
wanted to be buried there.
"I've been here seven years, and I'd never heard of it,"
says Hamilton City Councilman Alvin Howard, one of
the city's first Black council members of the modern era.
"I called the city manager, and had him meet me at the
cemetery. He said, 'Mr. Howard, I'll be honest with you.
We've just neglected it.' I said, I can't hold you at fault for
what's happened in the past, but what we do from this
day forward, we will all be held accountable.'"
The "white side" of the cemetery is owned and main-
tained by the Hamilton Cemetery Association, says Nancy
McMichael, the Harris County clerk and assistant county
manager. "I don't think anybody really knows who owns
the African-American side," she says. "We had an attor-
ney tell us that the county owns it, but the county has no
holdings out there, per se."
She says the.Hamilton Cemetery Association is believed
to have erected the fence about 50 years ago&ton New-
berry, president of the association, declined to be inter-
Hamilton Mayor. Rebecca Chambers says the city tried
to clean the front part of the cemetery when she became
mayor nine years ago: "When we found out what we had
there, we tried to find out who owns it," she says. "We
have been able to clean part of it. But from 1828 to now,
trees have grown up that are huge. We don't want to dis-
turb ground that we don't know what's there."
McNally, 47, who is white, says she started trying to get
the cemetery cleaned up after she and her 12-year-old
son, Patrick, saw it in September. "I started asking, 'Why
isn't it being taken care of, just like the other side?"
McNally, who works as a site operations manager for
a national printer company, has spent months trying
to learn who owns the cemetery and working to get it
cleaned. She says she approached the city's largest Black
church, but many churches here have their own cemeter-

She says she believes it's important to learn who is
buried here and to document as much information as pos-
sible about them.
One of those buried here is Mack Miller, who was born
in September 1886 and died Feb. 1, 1937. By standards
of the day, he was a very wealthy man: At the time of his
death, he owned a home in Hamilton, other property in
LaGrange, a 117-acre farm in Kingsborough, and $1,000
he left to his mother, according to his will.
In the segregated 1950s and '60s, the "colored" park in
Hamilton wasl Mack Miller Park Hauril ton riative Robert
Hi.on. 56. belihees it '.'.as rn.am d for Miller That's dif-
ficult to confiirm The aiuthoriratie :,':'uit\ history at the
local librnr, virtuaJll, Ignores the contributions of Black
What is known, from Miller's will is that he hardly
expected his final resting place to come to this-
"It is m\ will and desire that mi, bod\ be
burned m a decent and Christian like
,... .. ... manner," he stated in the \emr
first item of the Jan. 3, 1936.




Y *;


.r-tI ".r mo.





vs- %-7



1. I '. MUSt- (CONIRO! I'IlR \O N )l "FlN IN


Essie Mae Washington-Williams,

child of famous but secret father

v Williami Yardley

:_ -.-.,. M \\ '.I. ,, -.i,.*> \\ d
hama wha livtd (w d(ecadtt
w\h a stuaing wordt that
iwe Wwt ths watwre tial .lu ci'
( ^ t -*i 'I i S T IT I linii il.i 'ii
tf South r,.4rin!ow a 1..1.11w1
S.. ..- .,..i ,\ who never ac-
", ,, ,. ,', ,-,* ] ;t l lll as his
o Ni -l Monday in a nurs-
*" l t, ae near k'. It II1tt.i. S.C.
.'.- \'* .4 ,
Her death was (,ifirn mced by
her lawyer, Frank K. Wheaton.
-: i\ months after her father
died at age 100 as the longest-
serving senator in history, Ms.
\\i'-1hinigt1 -Williams broke her
"My father's name was James
Strom Thurmond," she said at
a news conference in a hotel
ballroom in Columbia on Dec.
17, 2003.
She said she had remained
silent out of respect for Mr.
Thurmond, his career and the
rest of his family. His death,
and encouragement from
her children, motivated her
to speak out. She noted that
there were similarities between
her story and that of Sally
Hemings, a slave with whom
Thomas Jefferson bore chil-
"My children deserve the
right to know from whom,
where and what they have
come," Ms. Washington-Wil-
liams said. "I am committed
in teaching them and helping
them to learn about their past.
It is their right to know and
understand the rich history

of their ancestry, Black and
Measuring her emotions,
Ms. Washington-Williams
explained that her mother was
Carrie Butler, a teenage maid
in the Thurmond household
in A.lken, S.C., in the 1920s,
when Mr. Thurmond, the son
of a wealthy lawyer, was in his
early 20s. She would go on to
say in interviews that not until
she was 13 and being raised by
an aunt did she learn that Ms.
Butler was her mother. Several
years later, after her mother
took her to meet him for the
first time, she learned that her
father was white.
"You," he said to Ms. Butler,
"have a lovely young daughter."
After that
meeting, Mr.
Thurmond, who 4
did not yet hold
elected office, de-
livered $200 to his
daughter, using
In 1948, the THURMOND
year Ms. Butler
died at age 38, Mr. Thurmond,
then the governor of South
Carolina, ran for president on a
segregationist platform.
"All the bayonets of the Army
cannot force the Negro into our
homes," he said at the time.
While Ms. Washington-Wil-
liams's 2003 announcement
was a revelation for many
people, many others had long
understood Mr. Thurmond to
have had an interracial child.
He met with her many times
while she was a student at


-Tami Chappell/Reuters
Essie Mae Washington-Williams with her daughter Wanda in 2003.

South Carolina State Uni-
versity, a historically Black
college, and after she moved
to Los Angeles, where she and
her husband, a lawyer, raised
her four children. He provided
some financial support to her
children, and wrote a letter of
recommendation for her son
to attend medical school. Ms.
Washington-Williams said that
she had visited his office in
Washington many times and
felt no bitterness toward him.
"All of those on his staff knew
exactly who I was," she said in
making her announcement.

Washington-Williams sought
no financial compensation.
After her announcement, the
Thurmond family quickly
acknowledged the family link,
and she met personally with at
least two of her half-siblings, J.
Strom Thurmond Jr., a former
United States attorney in South
Carolina, and Paul Thurmond,
a Republican state senator.
Essie Mae Washington was
born on Oct. 12, 1925, in Ai-
ken, S.C. She moved to Coates-
ville, Pa., as a young child and
was raised by her aunt and
uncle, whose name she took. -

Boy Scouts align policies with their values

The Editorial Board

Last Wednesday's anticipated
vote by the Boy Scouts of Amer-
ica on whether to drop its na-
tional ban on openly gay scouts
and leaders has taken on all the
trappings of culture-war politics:
liberal petition drives, conserva-
tive e-mail campaigns, corpo-
rate pressure, prayer vigils, and
opinions expressed everywhere
from the Texas statehouse to the
White House.

But what the decision really
comes down to is one' simple
question: How should an orga-
nization that preaches kindness
and honesty treat individuals?
Individuals such as Jen Tyr-
rell, an exceptional Cub Scout
den leader who was ejected from
her Bridgeport, Ohio, post last
year because she is a lesbian.
Or Jon Langbert, of suburban
Dallas, who says he was dumped
in 2010 as a fundraiser for his
sons' Cub Scout pack after an-

other father said* a "gay guy"
couldn't run fundraising.
Or James Dale, an exemplary
Eagle Scout and assistant troop
leader, who was forced out of
Scouting in 1990 after leaders in
New Jersey discovered from his
comments in a newspaper that
he was gay.
Dale fought his dismissal all
the way to the Supreme Court,
losing when the court ruled in
2000 that as a private organiza-
tion, the Scouts have a consti-

tutional right to exclude gays.
Freedom of association, the
court held, presupposes a free-
dom not to associate.
And so it does. But even as
Scouting has clung steadfastly
to its exclusionary policy, the
country has changed, leaving
Scouting'on the wrong side of
history. Other youth groups have
successfully adopted non-dis-
crimination policies. Two years
ago, the U.S. military dropped
its "don't ask, don't tell" policy.

Same-sex couples

to get more benefits

Will likely allow partners to have access to
some health and welfare programs
By Phil Stewart

The step came 17 months after the Pentagon scrapped its
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell" ban on openly serving homosexuals in the
U.S. military and will affect the day-to-day lives of their spouses
in w.'ays big and small from allotking them to finally get rralitar-
I.D cards to granting hospital visitation rights.
But outgoing Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, in a memoran-
dum explaining the move. noted his actions were limited by U.S.
lawv. specifically the Defense of Marriage Act, which is now being
reviewed by the Supreme Court and which defines marriage as a
union between a man and woman.
"There are certain benefits that can only be provided to spous-
es as defined by that law," said Panetta, who is expected to retire
in the coming days.
,"While it \ill not change during m5 tenure as secretary of
defense, I foresee a time when the law will allow the' department
to grant full benefits to service members and their dependents,
irrespective of sexual orientation."
Pentagon officials esumated the cost of the policy change would
be negligible, since it would only affect around 9,000 spouses
of active duty and reserve members and another 8,000 retirees.
They hoped the changes would go into effect by the end of Au-
The announcement came on the eve of President Barack
Obama's State of the Union address and just weeks after he
made history by becoming the first U.S. president to praise prog-
ress on gay rights in his inaugural address.
' "Secretary Panetta's decision today answers the call President
Obama issued in his inaugural address to complete our nation's
journey toward equality," said Allyson Robinson, head of the
advocacy group OutServe-SLDN and an Army veteran. The moves
will substantially improve the quality of life of affected spouses,
she said.
Pentagon officials, briefing reporters on the decision, explained
that other sensitivities, bureaucratic considerations and even the
spirit of the U.S. law were also taken into account. But the big
problem Defense Department attorneys ran into were legal ones,
wNhen a benefit was limited to a "spouse" as formally defined by
the Defense of' Marriage Act [DOMA].
The Pentagon said it was still renewumg whether certain ben-
efits could sull be extended to the spouses of gay and lesbian
service members, even under existing law. like some housing
benefits and burial at Arlington National Cemetery.

Obama seeks short-term budget plan to avoid sequester

By David Jackson

President Obama called on Con-
gress to avoid a series of auto-
matic budget cuts next month by
passing a short-term budget plan
this month.
"Deep indiscriminate cuts to
things like education and train-
ing, energy, and national security
will cost us jobs, and it will slow
down our recovery," Obama said
during brief remarks at the White
Facing a March 1 deadline,
Obama called for "a small pack-
age" of spending cuts and tax rev-
enue increases as a short-term


stopgap to delay the series of
automatic cuts known as the se-
Obama said the economy is
"headed in the right direction,"
and "it will stay that way, as long
as there aren't any more self-
inflicted wounds coming out of
Washington." He added, "let's keep
on chipping away at this problem"
of budget deficits and debt.
Senate Minority 'Leader Mitch
McConnell, R-Ky., said it's up to
Obama and congressional Demo-
crats to "get serious" about debt
"House Republicans have twice
passed legislation that would re-

place the sequester in a smarter
way, only to see it ignored by the
Democrat-controlled Senate," said
the Senate's top Republican. "If
Democrats have ideas for smarter
cuts, they should bring them up
for debate."
The president said he is still
looking for a major debt reduction
deal for the long term of more than
$1 trillion over the next 10 years,
saying that earlier ideas are "still
on the table." Obama said he still
supports proposed changes to the
tax code and to the ever-rising
entitlement programs like Social
Security and Medicare, but he did
not provide many specifics.

White House spokesman Jay
Carney said Obama would work
with Congress on the composi-
tion of a short-term budget plan
that would require tens of billions
of dollars in debt reduction to
avoid the scheduled budget cuts.
Carney noted that Obama and
congressional Republicans have
struck previous deals that add up
to some $2.5 trillion in debt re-
duction over the next decade.
Obama also renewed his call
for a "balanced" approach to re-
ducing the nation's $16.4 trillion
debt, a plan that includes. more
tax revenues as well as budget

The president did not call for
higher income tax rates on the
wealthy that were part of the "fis-
cal cliff' deal reached with Con-
gress last month. Instead, he
again proposed closing tax loop-
holes and ending certain deduc-
tions that benefit the rich and
"aren't available to most Ameri-
Rep. Dave Camp, R-Mich.,
chairman of the House Ways and
Means Committee, said the goal
should be to simplify the tax sys-
tem, but "the president's proposal
is nothing more than another tax
hike to pay for more Washington

Obama fundraiser said to be cabinet candidate

By Michael D. Shear

Pritzker, an heiress to the Hy-
att hotel fortune, is a leading
candidate to become President
Obama's next commerce sec-
retary as the president slowly
moves to complete his second-
term economic team.
Pritzker, who led the ground-
breaking fund-raising effort
for Obama's first presidential
campaign, withdrew from con-
sideration for the same posi-
tion in 2008, with some people
suggesting that her family's
immense wealth might compli-
cate her nomination at a time
of deep financial crisis.
Now, however, people famil-
iar with the president's think-
ing, who declined to be named
because no announcement
had been made, said he may
yet turn to Ms. Pritzker to lead

the Commerce Department
and join the administration's
effort to recharge the still slug-
gish economy. She would suc-
ceed Rebecca M. Blank, who
has been acting secretary since
John Bryson resigned last
year, citing health reasons.

A formal announcement of
who will lead the department
is still weeks away, a White
House official said, and Obama
could still choose someone
else. In the meantime, the
president is also searching for
replacements in other crucial
agencies and departments.
The official declined to be
named discussing personnel
The economic team is to be
led' by Jack Lew, the former
chief of staff whom Obama
nominated to be Treasury sec-

retary. The Senate has not yet
considered confirming Lew's
Sylvia Mathews Burwell,
the president of the Walmart
Foundation and a former bud-
get official for President Bill
Clinton, is viewed as the lead-
ing candidate to become direc-
tor of the Office of Manage-
ment and Budget, replacing
Jeffrey Zients, who is running
the department as its deputy
Zients is viewed as a top con-
tender to become the United

States trade representative.
Ron Kirk, the current trade
representative, announced
last month that he was leaving
the administration.
In the. coming weeks, the
president must also fill the
top spots at the Departments
of Labor, Transportation and
Energy, as well as the Environ-
mental Protection Agency.

If Obama chooses Ms. Pritz-
ker a close personal friend
- to lead the Commerce De-'

apartment, it could elevate the
post after four years in which a
series of secretaries and acting
replacements largely failed to
play a central role in the presi-
dent's economic deliberations.
By contrast, Pritzker would
enter as a close confidante of
Obama's. A fellow Chicagoan,
Pritzker's tireless fund-raising
efforts in 2007 made it pos-
sible for Obama to compete
against Hillary Rodham Clin-
ton in the long series of Demo-
cratic primaries.
By connecting Obama to a
vast network of bankers and
business executives, Ms. Pritz-
ker helped raise nearly $750
million for Obama's 2008
campaign. But her personal
fortune and her family's hotel
chain made her a target for
criticism, including some from
organized labor, which has
long accused Hyatt of provid-

ing poor working conditions
for housekeepers.
During the 2012 campaign,
Ms. Pritzker played a less
prominent role, raising money
for the campaign but not lead-
ing the effort.
At Commerce, Ms. Pritzker
could provide the president
with a new way to reach out
to the business community,
which has sometimes been
skeptical of his administra-
tion's policies. Ms. Pritzker
has degrees in law and busi-
ness from Stanford.
As a woman, she would also
help increase the diversity in
his second-term cabinet af-
ter the departures of several
women and minorities. Obama
chose white men to serve at
the State Department, .the
Pentagon, the Central Intelli-
gence Agency and as his chief
of staff.

Minorities appeal for open department positions in Obama's cabinet

continued from 1A

Marcia Fudge (D., Ohio), this
week sent the president a letter
asking him to nominate caucus
member Rep. James Clyburn
(D., S.C.) to be transportation

The Hispanic coalition wants
Obama to appoint as many as
three Latinos to his cabinet.
Last month, the group sent a
letter to the president suggest-
ing a pool of 19 Latinos for him
to consider.
Obama's cabinet includes
the heads of 15 departments,

Vice President Joe Biden and
seven other officials. Of the 15
department-head posts, eight
came open in recent months.
The president has nominated
successors for all but four: the
secretaries of labor, energy,
commerce and transportation.
Other important jobs he

Views mixed on fate of Zimmerman

continued from 1A

listened to heartfelt prayers,
songs and inspirational messag-
es. What remained constant was
the demand for justice and see-
ing Trayvon's murderer, George
Zimmerman, face a jury of his
peers for his crime. But with re-
cent defendants in Florida hav-
ing been successful in employ-
ing the controversial Stand Your
Ground law to escape prosecu-
tion, some wonder if Zimmerman
will be able to legally justify pro-
filing, confronting and shooting
the unarmed teenager.
Trayvon was shot and killed on
Feb. 26, 2012 by neighborhood
watch volunteer George Zim-
.merman after having purchased
snacks at a nearby convenience
store. Zimmerman's trial is
scheduled to begin June 10th.
"Each case is different but we
are optimistic," said Ben Crump,
the family's attorney. "We are
also pushing for the Trayvon
Martin bill to be passed that
would make it illegal to pursue
someone like Zimmerman did
when he followed and senselessly
killed Trayvon Martin."
"A lot of people said they'd be
there to help us but many have
already forgotten about Tray-
von," said a tearful Sybrina Ful-
ton. "But all of you came today.
Jamie [Foxx] .came today. I am
leaning on God to continue to
help me through this very diffi-
cult process. We are not going to
,stop fighting until justice has its
say. This is not just for Trayvon
- it's for all of our childreri."
Trayvon's father, Tracy was
unable to complete his message
to the crowd as he was overcome
with emotion
a,'1 love my son and I miss him

Supports family
of Trayvon Martin
everyday but I know that he's
looking down on us from Heaven
and encouraging us to keep the
faith and keep fighting," Tracy
Foxx added that he came to
support the family simply be-
cause he too, is a father.
"The first time I heard about
this tragic story, it hit me re-
ally hard," Foxx said. "It looked
like the shooter was going to get
away with his crime at first and
I called Sybrina and told her we
weren't going to let him get away
with murder. We aren't asking for
anything out of the ordinary -
we just want justice. This must,
go to court. That's the American
About 100 members of the In-
ternational Masons and Prince
Hall marched in solidarity for
"Tracy is very close to us -
he's one of our brothers," said
William Eskridge, 34. "We had
no choice but to be here. Still I
am not so sure that justice will
be served when this case goes to
"We are facing too many sense-
less murders of young Black men
and too many unsolved crimes
and our community wants this

country to know that we are
tired of it," said Eric Patterson,
44. "Sometimes justice comes
in stages but you can't let up.
Look at how the U.S. devalues
Black lives. Michael Vick went to
jail for abusing dogs. But when
you kill Black boys nothing hap-
Torian Cox, 36, basileus [pres-
ident] of Omega Psi Phi's Sigma
Alpha [Miami] graduate chapter,
was joined by several dozen of
his fraternity brothers.
"More brothers are on the way
and our message is simple: We
are going to hold society ac-
countable," he said. "We must
-stand up, show up and speak up
because we know that what hap-
pened to Trayvon could and does
happen to Black youth through-
out this country every day."
"We're not going anywhere
until we empty the prisons and
begin to fill our colleges and uni-
versities," said hip-hop preacher
Rev. Jamal Bryant. "Tracy was
doing the right thing for his
son. Sybrina has become the
Rosa Parks for the hip-hop gen-
eration. They need our support.
And we're here for them."
State Representative Cynthia
Stafford said she was proud of
the turnout.
"This is the modern day move-
ment it's a hoodie versus a
collar. It was Rosa, now it's Syb-
rina. I truly appreciate the sacri-
fice that Trayvon's parents have
made. They have turned their
pain into purpose."
"We are working on all fronts to
keep our. children safe and avoid
senseless killings," said M-DC
Commissioner Barbara Jordan.
"It is important to note that there.
is strength in numbers."
For more photos from the rally go
to www.MiamiTimesOnline.com.

Black gun violence a problem

continued from 1A

a week after she had gone to
Washington to march in the re-
elected president's inaugural pa-
rade. Her killer, who is thought
to have mistaken Pendleton for a
member of a rival gang, has not
been captured.
The killing of young Blacks is
an American pandemic.
In 2011, the last year for which
the FBI has complete data,
1,668 Blacks under the age of
22 were killed in this country.
That's more than triple the469
American servicemen and wom-
en killed in Afghanistan that
year. An average of eight chil-
dren was killed each day in 2011
-- and' half of them were Black
-- according to the Children's
Defense Fund.
In 2008 and 2009, Black chil-
dren and teenagers were just
15% of the nation's population
but 45% of young people killed
by guns. If that doesn't cause

a churning in your gut, maybe
this will: The leading cause of
death for Black males ages 15-
19 in those years came from the
barrel of a gun. Blacks in this
age group were eight times more
likely than whites and two-and-
a-half times more likely than
Hispanics to be killed by gunfire,
the Children's Defense Fund
said in ."Protect Children, Not
Guns," a 2012 report on effects
of gun violence on this nation's
Even more shocking, the
Washington-based children's
advocacy group said, the num-
ber of Black children killed by
gunfire since 1979 is nearly 13
times more than the number
of Blacks who were lynched in
this country between 1882 and
In Chicago alone, more than
270 children have been killed
since 2007. And most of them
were killed by other Blacks, as
are most of the nation's homi-
cide victims. But the responsi-

ability for this violence and the
obligation to do something about
it belongs to all of us.
This slaughter is also the fault
of those who think more prisons,
not better schools, is the answer
to youth violence. It stains the
hands of those who oppose ef-
forts to keep weapons meant for
war from being sold as freely as
a loaf of bread. It is inextricably
tied to the members of Congress
who kowtow to the National Rifle
Association even as the epidemic
of school shootings prove that
there is no haven of any of our
children from the unchecked
gun violence that was once seen
as largely a fixture of America's
Black ghettos.
While young Blacks are now
disproportionately the victims of
gun violence, this bloodshed is a
cancer that if left unchecked,
- will spread to the cul-de-sacs
and bedroom communities into
which those who think this is
not their problem have retreat-

has yet to fill include chief of
the Environmental Protection
Agency, as administrator Lisa
Jackson is expected to leave of-
fice later this month.
Racial and ethnic consider-
ations are front-and-center in
the jockeying for positions, an
ironic predicament for a presi-
dent who broke the ultimate
racial barrier. As he fills out
his second-term team, Obama
is facing criticism that the
people at the highest levels of
his administration don't reflect
the nation's racial and gender
diversity or the coalition that
helped him win two presiden-
tial elections.
Obama has picked white men
for three of the most influen-
tial cabinet offices-the secre-
taries, of state, Treasury and
defense-and chosen another,
Denis McDonough, to be his
new chief of staff.
"The window is closing, and
we're getting concerned, be-

cause he keeps nominating
people to the cabinet, and there
are less and less options and
possibilities," said Sanchez.
"We still don't see any single
Latino candidate being nomi-
nated, so that's why we're re-
ally putting extra pressure on
the administration."
Blacks, the heart of the presi-
dent's electoral base, are also
putting forward potential can-
didates as their numbers in the
Obama cabinet shrink.
Attorney General Eric Holder
is the highest-ranking Blackin
the president's cabinet. He is
expected to step down later
this year, thinning the ranks of
Blacks in the cabinet.
Two other Blacks of cabinet
rank, U.S. Trade Representa-
tive Ron Kirk and Ms. Jackson,
the EPA administrator, are also
expected to leave office this
Terry O'Neill, president of the
National Organization for Wom-



en, said she was pleased the
president had nominated Jew-
ell to lead the Interior Depart-
ment and that he was consid-
ering another woman, Penny
Pritzker, for commerce secre-
tary. She said she would like
to see more women included in
the president's inner circle.
She said that while there are
"guys who can walk right in"
to see Obama, "there needs to
be girls who can walk right in,
Obama has only so many
high-level jobs to fill-a reality
that puts members of his co-
alition in competition with one
In filling the vacant post of
labor secretary, for example,
the White House is considering
Edward Montgomery, a Black
who is dean of the George-
town Public Policy Institute.
Another person in the mix is
a Latino, Joe Garcia, the lieu-
tenant governor of Colorado.

- -a


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County will have referendum on Dolphins stadium funding

Public vote will determine the fate of proposed bill
By Craig Davis a tourist tax increase and state A bill that has already
sales tax rebate to help pay for cleared one committee in the
The Miami Dolphins will at- $400 million in stadium reno- Florida Legislature will be
tempt to rally voter support as vations. But a team source modified to require the county-
leverage in their quest for pub- said the risk in putting the wide referendum. That popular
lic funding for improvements matter up to public vote could vote won't come until after the
to Sun Life Stadium. help convince state legislators conclusion of the legislative
The team refused to com- to approve the measure. session.
ment last Saturday on a report "We're saying let the people The Dolphins are hoping
that the Dolphins have agreed make the decision, and we that will provide impetus for
to require a referendum in think people in the legislature lawmakers outside of South
Miami-Dade County [M-DC] in will support that view point," Florida to support the bill
order to obtain funds through the Dolphins source said. introduced by State Sen. Oscar

Braynon, D-Miami Gardens,
leaving it to the voters to ulti-
mately decide.
The measure is expected to
be a tough sell in Tallahassee.
Although the M-DC Commis-
sion endorsed the stadium
funding sources, the county's
legislative delegation did not
include it among its priorities
for the upcoming session.
The Dolphins say stadium
improvements are needed to
ensure South Florida remains
viable in competition to host

the Super Bowl and college
football championships. Dol-
phins owner Steve Ross has
agree to pay more than 50
percent of the cost.
As part of the strategic chess
game, the referendum will be
targeted to occur before NFL
owners vote May 22 to award
the.50th Super Bowl for 2016.
A show of support from M-DC
voters could help influence
that outcome. The danger is
that rejection by the public
could sink hopes for the mile-

stone Super Bowl as well as
stadium improvements.
The other risk is lingering
animosity about the Miami
Marlins' ballpark deal sway-
ing public sentiment against
.the Dolphins' funding bid. The
Marlins deal was not put up
for public vote.
"We're trying to do it in a
different way," the Dolphins
source said. "We said we
would do things in a transpar-
ent fashion that makes sense
to the community."

Obama stresses jobs
By Jim Kuhnhenn discussed had many of the el-
ements Americans have heard
WASHINGTON (AP) The before, with its embrace of
American public got a compet- manufacturing, energy devel-
ing mix of rhetoric and imagery opment and education. And in
in President Barack Obama's that sense it is a reminder of
State of the Union address last what was unfulfilled at the end
Tuesday, a speech that offered of Obama's first term. But the
a heavy dose on the economy tragic murders of 26 people at
even as it played out against a a Newtown, Conn., elementary
visual backdrop dominated by school in Dec. altered the presi-
the current national debate over dent's agenda, pushing guns
guns. onto a to-do list that, already in-
With the economy still trying cluded a new push for an over-
to find its footing and with mil- haul of immigration law.
lions still out of work, Obama Obama has proposed a ban
made a case for measures and on certain weapons and on
proposals that he said will boost high-capacity ammunition mag-
job creation and put the econ- azines. He has also called for
.omy on a more upward trajec- broader, universal background
tory. First lady Michelle Obama checks on gun purchasers, a
sat with the parents of a Chi- proposal that stands a better
cago teenager shot and killed chance politically.
just days after she performed The renewed emphasis on
at the president's inauguration, job creation will dominate the
Twenty-two House members message that Obama will take
invited people affected by gun to the road in the days after
violence, according to Rep. Jim his speech, pushing his eco-
Langevin, D-R.I., who pushed nomic recovery proposals dur-
the effort. And Republican Rep. ing stops in North Carolina,
Steve Stockman of Texas in- Georgia and his hometown of
vited rocker Ted Nugent, a long- Chicago. Obama is expected to
time gun control opponent who reiterate his calls for revitaliz-
last year said he would end up ing the manufacturing sector;
"dead or in jail" if Obama won he pledged during his campaign
re-election, that he would create 1 million
The economic blueprint he new manufacturing jobs dur-

in State of the Union
mmll ur- ,1

-Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
President Barack Obama speaks during the public ceremo-
nial inauguration on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol Janu-
ary 21,2013 in Washington, DC.
ing his second term. Following presses Congress to avoid deep
a sluggish 2012, manufactur- spending cuts that are sched-
ing grew at a faster pace last uled to begin automatically on
month, driven by an increase in March 1. Obama wants instead
new orders and more hiring at a mix of' tax revenue and cuts
factories, in spending that he has promot-
His call for measures that prod ed as a "balanced" approach to
the economy will play out as he easing federal deficits.

Waging the battle for peace in Liberty City

continued from 1A

a Plan Campaign.
Activist Queen Brown, 53,
has helped support other
mothers since her son, Evi-
ton Brown, 24, was murdered
on his way home from school.
The case remains unsolved.
"This is where I grew up -
it was our own shopping mall
in the 60s," she said. "But af-
ter the riots things started to
change. If we want to end the
violence we have to be will-
ing to go where that violence
is happening. That's right
here on these streets. If you
talk to the residents they say
they want to help put an end
to the killings and the shoot-
ings. The key is partnering
with them not trying to
tell them what to do from
safe spaces in other parts of
town. But it's not just Liberty
City, I live in Miami Gardens
now and the bodies of young
people are piling up like road
Karen Gardner lost her son,
Herbert Gross III, 27, mar-
ried and with children, at the
hands of a 19-year-old Black
youth because of mistaken
identity. Denise Brown, 53,
lost her son Roman Brad-
ley, 20, to gun violence. He
was sitting in a car with his
friend Jaquevin Myles, 19,
who was also killed. Renee
Jones's son, Trevin Reddick,
19, was shot in the head and
remained on life support for
two weeks. His family then
donated his organs so others
could live.
But the list goes on.

Business owner Cuth-
bert Harewood, 50, owns 12
buildings along 18th Avenue.
He says he remains because
this is the only community he
has ever known.
"I grew up right around
the corner and my roots are
here," he said. "I don't know
of a better place to live. Why
do Blacks keep running to
South Beach for fun when
they don't want us there in
the first place? Why can't we

-Miami Times photo/D. Kevin McNeir
COMMITTED TO PEACE: Community activists, business leaders, parents and supporters are
working together to take back Liberty City from violence, one block-at-a-time.

make our own communities
safe and fun? I've lost two
family members to gun vio-
lence recently and also had
a friend and his two sons
shot the oldest boy died.
We have to put the light on
this violence and start tak-
ing back our community one
block-at-a-time. That's what
we've done here. This com-
munity is salvageable if we all
get involved."
School board member Dr.
Dorothy Bendross-Mindingall
says there is a rich history
that should not be forgotten.
"There are so many young
people whose lives ended
tragically on these streets,"
she said. "We cannot for-
get them. Nor can we allow
violence to destroy this com-
munity. I grew up in public
housing and someone saw
something in me. I was given,
a chance to succeed. At times
I feel like no one is listening
but if we can save just one
child we would have made
a difference a real differ-

In the recent gun buyback
program, the City of Miami
Police Department collected
over 400 guns. The next ini-
tiative, according to spokes-
person Pat Santangelo, will
be gun locks.

"Speeches and marches
don't work it takes people
coming out like this to show
criminals that they've had
enough and want their com-
munities back," he said.
"We have a lot of resources
at our disposal but we need
people to call us when they
witness any illegal actions,"
said Major Gary Jeanniton,
M-D Police Dept., Northside
District. "We are committed to
reducing crime but we need
everyone's help. People can
call 471-TIPS if they want to
remain anonymous and they
can get a reward."
Entrepreneur Ray Parris,
40, works with young chil-
dren as part of Parafruit Edu-
cation, along the same block
that the activists say they
have taken back. His father
was a victim of gun violence
but he says he is commit-
ted because someone cared
about him.
"I've been helping kids learn
about computers and art and
other hands-on skills because
when I was in school and not
sure what I was going to do,
someone took time with me,"
he said. "They changed the
direction of my life. We have
kids from Liberty City, Miami
Gardens and Miramar. They
all have dreams. But they
have to live to see them come

Geralyn Graham listens in court as the deadlocked jury is
sent back to continue deliberations mid-day Friday, Jan. 25.

Graham sentenced

to 55 years in prison

By CBSMiami

The South Florida woman
convicted of kidnapping and
child abuse in the case of,
missing four-year-old foster'
child Rilya Wilson has been
sentenced to 55 years in
Graham received 30 years
in prison for the kidnapping
charge and 25 years in prison
for the aggravated child
abuse charge. Those two
sentences will be served con-
secutively, or back to back.
However, the judge also sen-
tenced her to another 25 year
sentence for a second aggra-
vated child abuse charge and
a five-year sentence for child
abuse but those sentences
are to be served concurrently,
or at the same time, as the
other two counts.
Prosecutor Sally Weintraub
asked for life in prison, plus
65 years while Graham's
defense attorney Michael
Matters asked for 11.5 years.
Jurors could not agree last
month on her guilt or inno-
cence on a murder charge,'
and prosecutors will not
retry Graham on that count.
Jurors did, however, reach a
unanimous decision on the
other charges and convicted
her of kidnapping, aggra-
vated child abuse and child


Graham's sentencing closes
a case that spanned more
than a decade since Rilya
went missing in December
2000. Her disappearance
wasn't discovered for 15
months, leading to reform
laws and a high-level shake-
up within Florida's child
welfare agency.
The prosecution was
complicated because Rilya's
body was never found and
there were no witnesses.
Graham consistently denied
harming the girl.
The state's case relied on
the testimony of three jail-
house snitches who said
Graham made incriminating
statements about Rilya.

Paid Advertisement

Vote for Cleveland Roberts, III

As we prepare for the change
in UTD Leadership not only
are we changing the President,
but also 1st Vice-President and
Secretary/Treasurer. Cleve
Roberts, III is the sole African-
American in the race of 6 candi-
dates for the position of 1st Vice-
President. Mr. Roberts has been
employed by MDCPS since 1985.
where has taught as far south as
G. Holmes Braddock to his cur-
rent site Miami Norland Senior,
which is located at the county's
northern end.
For the past 7 years Cleve has
steered the UTD Leadership at
Miami Norland Senior as, the
school's Designated Steward.
As Designated Steward Mr. Rob-
erts has had to endure the tu-
multuous turnover of over 120
teachers and staff members, the
involuntary transfers of over 40
staff members and the replacing
of five principals, two of which
he was directly involved.
His experiences make him the
prime candidate for this top po-
sition. He has seen first hand
how dues paying clerical work-
ers, security monitors, parapro-
fessionals and teachers have
been mistreated and often times
not given ANY representation
by the union that is expected to
have their backs.
Education is not new to Mr.
Roberts, he was born into a fam-

ily of teachers. His grandmother
Constance Sandilands taught
for over 40 years at Liberty City
Elementary and his Father,
Cleveland Roberts, Jr. taught
over 30 years at Dorsey Jr. High
and Douglas McArthur Sr. High.
In addition to being a highly
effective educator, Pastor Rob-
erts, as the parishioners of
Faith, Truth, and Deliverance
Ministries know him, founded
and has served faithfully as their
leader for the past 19 years.
He is also the founder of FTD
Community Development, Inc.,
which sponsors the "Leaders
of Tomorrow Youth. and Family
Outreach Program" and the FTD
Warriors Basketball Program.
As a championship basketball
coach, Coach Roberts coined
this motto "We don't make ex-
cuses, we don't take excuses, we
get the job done" this motto has
helped lead his team to 3 FHSAA
State Championships.
Coach Roberts has been hap-
pily married to his college sweet-
heart Diantha for the past 28
years. He is the father of five,
all of which attended and played
basketball at Norland. His
youngest three all obtained full
athletic scholarships and have
played or are currently playing
basketball on the collegiate level.
In every facet of life whether
as Mr. Roberts, Pastor Roberts,

or Coach Roberts he knows how
to lead. He knows how to in-
clude everyone and he knows
how to get everyone in the game.
In retrospect Mr. Roberts re-
flects back to Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. and recalls how he ul-
timately died supporting a union
in Memphis. Let's not let his dy-
ing be in vain.
We must stand uftited not di-
vided to overcome the obstacles
that the district, the state, and
even the Federal Government
have put in place to divide and
conquer. Everyone must make
the right choices for UTD lead-
ership. On February 19, 2013
vote Cleve Roberts, III for 1st





Christian churches: Discuss merging faith into one

By Malika A. Wright

Catholics, Episcopalians,
Presbyterians, Lutherans
and Baptists of South Flori-
da came together to pray for
unity from Jan. 18 Jan.25,
during the Week of Prayer
for Christian Unity.
The Christians of different

denominations exchanged
dialogue and guidance as
they opened their places of
worship during the week,
celebrating their similarities
and acknowledging their dif-
Although the week of
unity has been celebrated
for more than 100 years,
just as it has this year, the

celebration probably always
leaves people wondering:
Will Christian denomina-
tions ever come together and
create one church?
In response to this linger-
ing question, denomination-
al leaders of the Episcopal,
African Methodist Episcopal,
Baptist and the Church
Please turn to LEADERS 13B

Pastor, Grace Church of the First Born

Elder of the A.M E Moderator of the Florida East Coast Baptist

........................ ...o.. .................................................................................................... ..........********

Pastor expresses his

passion for the youth

Plans to start an activity center for

-Photo by Brandon Bradshaw
Cast members of Mine Eyes Have Seen are pictured with Stacey Morrison, director and Yvonne Strachan, pro-
duction manager on Feb. 9, after their performance.

Youth Theatre group replays

Dr. King's untimely demise

Community inspired by King's love and bravery

By Malika A. Wright
"You can kill the dreamer. You can
absolutely kill the dreamer, but the
dream is still alive."
These were powerful words declared
in Mine Eyes Have Seen, an African
Heritage Youth Theatre play/film
production directed by Stacey Morri-
son that captured the three days that
led to the assassination of Rev. Martin

Luther King Jr.
Both cast and audience members
became emotional as they reflected on
the murder of one of the most memo-
rable American history icons.
"It was overwhelming because [King]
was a man that advocated non-vio-
lence, didn't hurt anyone, was looking
out for not just [Blacks], but everyone.
and they shot him because he was
trying to make a change," Yvonne
Strachan, production manager and

Cupidettes Club

hosts scholarship

dinner, dance

Organization awards Dade and
Broward students
1 .L ii, 7 ,mi, '. 1i ,,'p. -, i
The Nllami Chapter of' Cupidett.-d Club is ho'rting it:
-40th Anni .er a ry Schol.arship D]rirn, r -D .rrn:'e *:n Fe(t:,
16th. which v'.ill be held at Nev'.-p rt Beac:hside Hotel ,.
Resort in Sunnr lIles Beach E-a:h -.ear. the chapter '
Scholarship Assi-tan-ce Prgra-n be-nrfirt_ fr,:rm th.t pr.-
ceeds o,f this fuindrais.er. La ti -.e.ar'-: A'.Vards w'.'.re gi -n t-,
the follj winrw a Mihami-Dade ahich *h-.,:.:.l s r.id t[ u-ua-
reisha \\as;hin t,n. Aadr.,r Mlir.:Fhell and ,A]l h Ri.tlepg
Each stuidernt rece-ved $700 i -n ars- hi:. 'lr p s -.ttanc. In
addition to the $7,00 .:hola.rhp R uticdge on ther
Plea, turn r.:, CUPIDETTES 13B

actress, said.
She remembers crying when she
first heard that King was assassi-
nated, as a student at Miami North-
western Sr. High School in the 1960s.
But it was his speech "I've been to the
Mountaintop" that had helped her
"To know that he had a premonition
of his death and he wasn't fearful to
die for something that he believed in,
Please turn to MLK 13B

young people
By Malika A. Wright
i> ri li t' ',iihih l#tlniesl.Oiliiih'.c*ii 't
"I think your attitude will
either make you or break you
in life." This is a statement that
Re%. Dwavne A. Richardson. 41.
pastor of Greater Love Full Gos-
pel Baptist Church, has to often
reiterate in his day-to-day life,
while working with youth.
As a full-time educator for
more than 12 years. he is aware
that a lot of the youth he works
with deal with issues that
makes them angry and some-
times bitter.
But he encourages them to see
the good in every situation, he
said quoting Romans 8:28.
'"And we know that in all
things God works for the good
of those who love him, who have
been called according to his
purpose "

.i ,,I i' i I
Scholarship recipients: Quaneisha Washingtoi and Ali-
ah Rutledge are pictured with the Miami Chapter of the
Cupidettes Club receiving the 2012 scholarship award.

Richardson doesn t believe
that those youth are the only
people who need to make chang-
es, he said that young people
can also be positively impacted
if adults were more open and
less judgmental.
-We need to be more transpar-
ent with our children to let them
know that we've been where
they are and know that we are
compassionate of what they
have to say," he said.
While pastoring over Greater
Love and educating for the Mi-
ami-Dade County Public School
System. he has also spent week-
ends coaching The Pembroke
Pines Optimistic football team.
As a pastor. Richardson leads
a church where people can feel
free to worship God, tap into
the presence of God and feel His
love. Following Richardson's
Please turn to PASTOR 17B

Suzanne McDowell (1-r)
and Andre Williams cut a
rug at South Florida fash-
ionista Michele Henney's
TRUNQUE an evening of
art, music and great vibes
held last Saturday at
The Multitudes Contempo-
rary Art Gallery [NE 55th
and 4th Ave.] The art show,
Caribbean Canvas, featured
the works of Carl Juste and
other local talent and was
a great pre-Valentine's Day
S-Miami Times photo/D. Kevin McNeir

1 -800-FLA-AIDS

TE5T Mj iM

MiAmi Dade County Heoalh DopanmenI



Bishop T.D. Jakes honored on BET

By Diana Bridgett

Dallas megachurch pastor,
film producer, and author T.D.
Jakes received the "BET Hon-
ors" award for education on
Monday night.
Comedian Cedric "The En-
tertainer," who often portrays
clerics in standup routines,
introduced Jakes, who pas-
tors the non-denominational
.30,000-member The Potter's
House in Dallas, Texas.
"Bishop Jakes shows us that
living upright is a lifelong en-
deavor," Cedric said "He does
not use the pulpit as a pedal
stool but speaks common
sense to complex problems. He
has a platform of love."
During the tribute, Lakewood
Church Pastor Joel Osteen,
singer/actress Jennifer Hud-
son, and CNN anchor Soledad
O'Brien spoke of how Jakes'
various ministries have en-
couraged their lives and have
left a lasting impact on the
body of Christ.
Former President Bill Clin-
ton, who also made an appear-
ance during the video tribute,

expressed that "Bishop Jakes help other people reach their
has never stopped ministering destiny. You must remember
to the soul." that real life does not begin in
In his acceptance speech, the light but what you do in the
Jakes said, "I am grateful to dark. Helping you has given me
God who allowed me to stum- purpose, love, and life."
ble into that thing that I was Jakes plans to train the next
created to do. My destiny is to generation of leaders by estab-

How marriage changed over

Choice of partner, being in love not world The idea of marriages
a sexually exclusive, romantic
originally factors in matrimony union between one mart and
Ii one woman is a relatively re-
BY The Itek Editorial Stft ditional families, historians cent development
throw up their hands," said When did people start
Has marnage always Steven Mintz, a history pro- marrying?
had the same definition? fessor at Columbia University. The first recorded evidence
Actually. the institution has "We say, When and where?'" of marriage contracts and
been in a process of constant The ancient Hebrews, for ceremonies dates to 4,000
evolution. Pair-bonding began instance, engaged in polyga- \ears ago, in Mesopotamia. In
in the Stone Age as a way of my according to the Bible, the ancient world, marriage
organizing and controlling King Solomon had 700 wives served primarily as a means of
sexual conduct and providing and 300 concubines and preserving power, with kings
a stable structure for child- men have taken multiple and other members of the rul-
rearing and the tasks of daily wives in cultures throughout ing class marrying off daugh-
life. But that basic concept the world, including China, ters to forge alliances, acquire
has taken many forms across Africa, and among American land, and produce legitimate
different cultures and eras. Mormons in the 19th centu- heirs Even in the lower class-
'Whenever people talk about ry. Polygamyv is still common es. women had little say over
traditional marriage or tra- across much of the Muslim whom the,, married. The pur-

Cupidettes helps out youth with scholarships

continued from 12B

National Cupidettes scholar-
ship award, as well.
Miami Cupidettes have
awarded over $65,000 in
scholarship assistance .since
the group was established in
1973 as a strong and viable
arm of the National Organi-

zation of Cupidettes Club,
Inc., a national organization
of women, who are committed
to helping others achieve their
goals while rendering service
to those who are less fortu-
nate. The club's mission is to
raise the standard of civic life,
increase interest in charity in-
volvement and enhance social
activity within the local com-

munities of its members.
The Miami Chapter awards
scholarship assistance to stu-
dents in the Miami-Dade and
Broward County areas, who
are either graduating from
high school or currently en-
rolled in an accredited under-
graduate college or university
program. The scholarships
are named in honor of its

founders: Esterlene Cole-
brook, Sybil Johnson- and
the late Dorene Afford. Cole-
brook and Johnson remain
active members in the chap-
ter and still participate in
its programs and activities,
along with founding member,
Frankie White. Mary Ambrose
is president of the local chap-

Young actors say Dr. King's dream is still alive

continued from 12B

that gave me strength and to
this day. I've learned to just
stand up, and if I believe in
something, I'm willing to die for
Maxine Wooten, an audience
member, also enjoyed watching
King's speech, "I've been to the
Both Wooten and her daugh-
ter, Valarie Wooten-Sanders
liked the way the director inter-
twined the onstage acting with
real footage of Dr. King.
She said she could tell that

the actors enjoyed being a part
of the production.
The cast and the director dis-
cuss the production
It was important that people
reflected on King, someone who
sacrificed his life for others,
according to Director Stacey
Morrison. She mentioned that
there are a lot of murders in
the Liberty City area, but she
believes there should be more,
people acting out of love like
King did.
"We need to get back to that
so I thought it was important
for the kids to see, learn some-
thing and feel something."

Morrison said she knew for a
fact that the cast had learned
and connected with their his-
tory while being a part of the
,production, this is why many
cried as they played the roles
and reenacted King's death.
"Nothing compared to them
having that real connection to
what their history is," she said.
Myles Walker, who played
Jesse Jackson and is a senior
at Miami Carol City Senior High
school, said he admires and
loves King because of the brav-
ery and the love he had for his
Amari Coq, who played a sup-

porter of King and is a senior
at Dr. Micheal M. Krop High
School, said the production
showed how much King cared
for not only Black people, but
all people.
"It took a lot of hard work and
dedication because we really
wanted to get into character,"
said Sean Sanders, who played
Rev. Billy Kyles and is a senior
at Northwest Christian Acad-
emy. "This wasn't something
that we wanted to play around
with. We wanted to be serious
and really showcase to the peo-
ple of the community what was
going on back then."

Christian leaders discuss the body of Christ

LEADERS have many members in it that
continued from 12B are not uniform and not neces-
sarily all the same."

of the First Born discuss
Christian unity and it being
unnecessary for Christians to
form one church.
"I'm more interested in our
becoming the body of Christ
than one denomination," Rev.
Henry Green, a presiding el-
der of the A.M.E. church, said.
"We're all a part of the family
of God. We celebrate our com-
mon ground; our interpreta-
tions and our theology may be
different, but our belief system
is central to Christ."
Bishop Leopold Frade of the
Diocese of Southeast Florida
agreed that Christian denomi-
nations "have a call to a com-
mon mission."
"I believe that we should seek
to have multiple expressions
of practice and work together
as our Lord wanted: That we
all may be one,'" he said. "One
family may be one and still

Both Frade and Green men-
tioned Jesus' disciples when
discussing the differences of
"When you look at the early
followers, they had different in-
terpretations of the same event
in the life of Jesus," Green
said. "So as long as [we] are
people, there are going to be
differences in vision and mis-
sion statements as it relates to
the ministry of Jesus Christ."
Frade said Jesus called, his
apostles to continue his minis-
try by calling others, teaching
the faith, and baptizing people
around the world from Britain,
North Africa, Rome, Constan-
tinople, India and other parts
of Asia.
"The missionary expansion
was not done by one unified

organization but by multiple
groups from different nations,"
he said. "Maybe they were not
called denominations but it
was the base for different prac-
tices for that faith."

Gary Hoffenden, pastor of
Grace Church of the First
Born, also believes that "there
really is a single Christian
faith," although there are
many churches and denomi-
nations, he said. He believes
that there would be issues of
power and authority, and hav-
ing many different denomina-
tions all of these years would
make it even more difficult to
have one church.
Hoffenden said that having
different churches has helped
Christians because it offers
people a large variety of access
"to church fellowship and to
God," but it may also confuse
some because they may won-

der "which church is the right
"It is not that the differences
are important, it is what we
believe, practice and teach,"
Rev. Johnny L. Barber II, the
moderator of the Florida East
Coast Baptist said. "However,
there are growing hybrid non-
denominational congregations
that people who were not ex-
posed to formalized or denomi-
national worship, flock to."
"Forcing one single patriarch
that is not the 'final infallible
decider' is not what we read
in the Holy Scriptures," Frade
said. "We can be one in the
midst of our many expressions
of faith and there are many
ways that we express that faith
in our daily practice."
Green agreed, saying "I be-
lieve that as long as the church
of the denomination that we
are a part of is Bible-based and
Christ-focused, I don't believe
the differences are that impor-

6 iOiit.iui~

lishing the Clay Academy. The
7,000 square-foot campus will
serve 200 students per year
from around the world through
state-of-the-art technology
and virtual classrooms. "What
makes a great teacher is being
a great student," says Jakes.
"BET Honors" was hosted by
actress Gabrielle Union and
celebrates extraordinary Black
Americans. Other honorees in-
cluded the innovator of black
music Clarence Avant, actress
Halle Berry, musical icon Cha-
ka Khan, and Olympic gold
medalist Lisa Leslie.
Performers included Ledisi,
SOS Band, Alicia Keys, Bran-
dy, Erykah Badu, Mint Condi-
tion and KEM. The celebration
was taped on Jan. 11 at the
Warner Theatre in Washington,
The proceeds from the tele-
cast will go to the organiza-
tion Life Pieces to Masterpieces
Inc., which provides opportu-
nities for Black boys and young
men in the greater Washing-
ton, D.C. area by empowering
them to transform their lives
and communities.

the years
pose of manage was the pro-
duction of heirs, as implied by
the Latin word matrimonium,
which is derived from mater
When did the church get
In ancient Rome, marriage
was a civil affair governed by
imperial law. But when the
empire collapsed, in the 5th
century, church courts took
over and elevated marriage to
a holy union. As the church's
power grew through the Mid-
dle Ages, so did its influence
over marriage. In 1215, mar-
riage was declared one of the
church's seven sacraments,
alongside rites like baptism
and penance.

Ebenezer United Meth-
odist Church presents a din-
ner and movie night themed,
"An Evening for Two" in their
Fellowship Hall, Feb. 14th, at
6 p.m. Call 305-469-7363.

Mt. Calvary Missionary
Baptist Church will host its'
First Annual Talent Show on
Feb. 16. Contact 786-308-

The Central Florida
Chapter of the Union of
Black Episcopalians will host
a Fashion Show and Lun-
cheon themed, "Expressing
Your Culture on Feb. 23,
2013. Call 407-295-.1923.

Lecrae wins big
Christian rapper Lecrae won
Best Gospel Album, becom-
ing the first Christian Hip-Hop
artist to do so.
Lecrae thanked God and
his family of devoted fans for
his accomplishment on Twit-
ter. He tweeted, "Just won a
Grammy. I dedicate it all to
the Unashamed fam all over
the planet. 1.1.Six-To God be
the Glory."
Other big names in Chris-
tian Music were also recog-
nized during 55th annual

Mother Rosa

Shaw Retires
Retires over 56 years of broad-
casting at WMBM.
She thanks all the guests
and groups that appeared on
the program throughout those
Special thanks to Bishop V.T.
Curry, Deacon Joe Riley and
Brother Gregg Cooper for their
Mother Shaw can be contact-
ed at 305-576-0955.



Valentine's Day Weekend Gospel Concert

Narrow Gate Productions of
Miami, LLC. proudly presents
"No Greater Love Than This;" a
Valentine's Day weekend gospel
concert. The month of Febru-
ary is a time when we celebrate
love. God demonstrated His
love for humanity when He sac-
rificed His beloved Son for the
sins of the world.
All are welcome to join in the
celebration of song, dance, po-
etry and worship. Dr. Jerome
Symonette, pastor of Restor-
ing Grace Baptist Church will
deliver a message of inspira-

tion. Live performances include
LaVie, Rebecca "Buttlerfly"
Vaughns, Brandon Sanders,
Mark Dumesle, and the Second
Chance Band.
This semi-formal event will
take place at the 93rd Street
Community Baptist Church in
Miami, 6:30 p.m.-8:30 p.m.,
Saturday, February 16. Tickets
are $20 and can be purchased
online or at the event. A por-
tion of the proceeds will benefit
South Florida's needy children.
Visit www..ngpmiami.com for
tickets and more information.

Historic St. John to host "St. John Honors"

St. John Institutional Mis-
sionary Baptist Church,
located in Overtown, will
observe a black-tie event rec-
ognizing leadership and ser-
"St. John Honors" will cel-
ebrate the achievements of
senior deacons, Phillip Jew-
some and Willie Perry; faith-
ful deaconessess, Ida Adkins,
Eloise Cook-Brown, Doro-
thy Copeland, Gloria Miller,
Mickey Walker and Inez Wil-

cox; and retiring trustees,
Doreen Davis, Lorraine King,
Thelma Lee, Irma Mason,
Cora McLeod, Addie Reeves,
and Betty Spence. A special
honor will be bestowed on se-
nior member, Aretha Davis.
These longstanding leaders
will be commemorated on this
Sunday, February 17th at 5
p.m. The church is located at
1328 NW 3rd Avenue. Bishop
James D. Adams is the senior

The Ruth K. and Shepard Broad Distinguished Lecture Series presents

Wednesday, February 20 at 6:45 p.m.
Jewish Museum of Florida-FlU 1301 Washington Ave., Miami Beach
Program is free and open to the public
Join us for the first U.S. speaking tour by a leader of Zimbabwe's Lemba Jewish
community, which has remained in relative secrecy and isolation from other Jews for
generations, while managing to follow Jewish practices according to their oral tradition.
Lemba leader Modreck Zvakavapano Maeresera discusses Jewish life in South
Africa with FlU professor Tudor Parfitt, who has long studied Lemba customs.

Jewish Museum of Florida-FlU
301 Washington Ave., Miami Beach
www.jewishmuseum.com 1 305-672-5044

ImU 'Sciences
School of International and Public Affairs


Emmanuel Missionary
Baptist Church to host a Uni-
ty Prayer Breakfast. Call 305-

Second Chance Minis-
tries to host a Bible study
meeting. Call 305-747-8495.

A Mission With A New
Beginning Church Women's
Department provides com-
munity feeding. Call 786-371-

Bethany Seventh Day
Adventist Church will host
a bereavement sharing group
at 3 p.m.-4:30p.m. every 2nd
Sunday. Call 305-634-2993.

at the Grammys
Matt Redman took home two
Grammys for his song "10,000
Reasons (Bless the Lord)." The
worship song won Best Gop-
sel/Contemporary Christian
Music Peformance and Best
Contemporary Christian Mu-
sic Song. Redman sharedthe
title of Best Contemporary,
Christian Music Song with
Worship leader Israel Hough-
ton and choir New Breed's
"Your Presence Is Heaven in
tied win.


-Photo credit: Mario Tama
Chief pharmacist Ali A.Yasin, left, gives flu information to Juan Castro, right, after inject-
ing him with influenza vaccine on Jan. 15, 2013, in New York City. Treatment within the first
48 hours is most effective and can reduce severe illness, hospitalization and death.

More seniors land in

flu's deadly cross hairs

Those older than

65 died at rate of

116 per 100,000
By Elizabeth Weise

Although the flu is begin-
ning to wane, it is sickening
and killing seniors at rates
"higher than we've ever seen,"
a CDC flu expert says.
As of last week, people older
than 65 who died from a labo-
ratory-confirmed case of influ-
enza died at a rate of 116 per

"We've kept rates since 2005
and we have never seen a
rate this high," says Michael
Jhung, an epidemiologist at
the Centers for Disease Con-
trol and Prevention. "The high-
est we've ever seen was 90 per
He expects those numbers
to go higher still. Hospitaliza-
tion and, in some cases,
death follows several weeks
after a person first gets sick.
"We've still got several weeks
of the season yet, so it's going
to be much worse" before it's
over, he says. "The deaths are
still accumulating."

Each year, between 3,000
and 49,000 Americans die
from influenza-related causes,
the CDC estimates. So far this
season, 45 children have died
,as a result of the flu. Numbers
for adults won't be available
until the flu season ends.
The virus is surging in the
West, but waning nationally:
9.4 percent of deaths re-
ported in the CDC's 122 Cit-
ies Mortality Reporting Sys-
tem were from pneumonia
and influenza as of Jan. 26.
That's well above the epidemic
threshold of 7.2 percent but
Please turn to FLU 17B

As the flu spreads, so do the scams

FDA warns

GermBullet spray

about its claims
By Elizabeth Weise

Scammers looking to make
money off consumer fears
about this year's severe flu sea-
son are proliferating, the Food
and Drug Administration says.
That's causing the agency to
take a hard look at products
that make claims about pro-
tecting against the flu.
The FDA has issued a warn-
ing letter to one, GermBullet,
saying the nasal spray's claim

Consumers should beware of
dietary supplements, foods
such as herbal teas, and prod-
ucts such as air filters and light
therapies that claim to:

* Boost your immunity naturally
without a flu shot.

* Be a safe and effective alter-
native to the flu vaccine.

* Prevent you from catching
the flu.

M Support your body's natural
immune defenses to fight the flu.

that it is "laboratory tested and
shown to reduce illness-caus-
ing bacteria, cold and flu virus-
es" is a "false and misleading
promotional statement."
GermBullet is a nasal spray
made up ,of "pure essential
oils," according to its website.
The product, sold over the
counter, is made by Flu & Cold
Defense LLC of Boca Raton,
The FDA says the company
is illegally selling a misbranded
drug. Specifically, it says:
GermBullet is being sold as
a drug that claims to treat or
cure a disease, but the com-
pany has never presented it to
Please turn to SCAMS 17B

Insurers warn of increases

Lawmakers say
'Obamacare' hikes

may be hefty,
By Kathleen Haughney

surance groups told lawmak-
ers Friday that implementa-
tion of the Affordable Care Act
next year will cause health-in-
surance premiums to rise dra-
The projected price hikes,
which one lawmaker called
"hair raising," are significant
because the ACA requires ev-
ery adult to purchase health

insurance by next Jan. 1.
Some federal subsidies will be
available for low-income wotk-
ers, but lawmakers are con-
cerned they won't be enough
for many.
Michael Garner, president
of the Florida Association of
Health Plans, said there has
been no detailed breakdown of
projected costs by state but
offered projected premium in-
creases for an average Florida
For example, he said a
21-year-old man would see his
premiums rise from $636 in
2013 to $1,281 in 2014, even
including federal subsidies.
A 60-year-old man's premi-


ums would go from $2,184 to
Rep. John Wood, R-Haines
City, called the increases
"scandalous" and said he was
concerned about the impact on
the economy.
State Rep. Elaine Schwartz,
D-Hollywood, said the costs
were "hair raising," but noted
that federal subsidies would
help offset them.
Paul Skowronek, vice presi-
dent for state affairs for Amer-
ica's Health Insurance Plan,
a trade organization, said his
group supported the subsidies
but added, "Our concern is
just that the subsidies will just
not be enough."

Sponsored by North Shore Medical Center

"Once You Know, It's Where To Go"

Grapefruit is not alone

in interfering with meds

Research seeks

new drug options

By Michelle Healy

Many people have seen prescrip-
tion warning labels saying "Do not
eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit
juice while taking this medica-
tion." But other foods can interfere
with medications, too.
Milk and other calcium products,
for example, can block absorption
of some antibiotics. Eating lots of
chocolate with some antidepres-
sants can cause a sharp rise in
blood pressure. Black licorice can
reduce effects of blood pressure
drugs and diuretics.
It has been known for some time
that grapefruit juice can "both in-
crease or decrease the absorption
of a small number of drugs," says
Hartmut Derendorf, chairman of
pharmaceutics at the University of
Florida College of Pharmacy. But
a review in the Canadian Medical
Association Journal found many
new drug formulations are being
added to the list.
"If the drug is metabolized in the
gut wall to a large extent and this
metabolism is blocked, then con-
centrations in the blood will go up.
An example is the lipid-lowering
drug simvastatin (Zocor)," Deren-
dorf says. "For other drugs, such
as the antihistamine fexofenadine
(Allegra), grapefruit juice blocks
the uptake into the bloodstream,
and the concentrations in blood
will go down."
He says alternatives are avail-
able that will not interact with
grapefruit and other citrus fruits
containing furanocoumarins, the
culprit behind the "grapefruit juice
effect." These include Seville or-
anges (used in marmalade), limes
and tangelos, a cross between tan-
gerines and grapefruit. Sweet or-
anges (navel, Valencia) contain no
There's more attention than ever
being paid to reducing interac-
tions, Derendorf says; research-
ers are seeking safe alternatives,
removing chemicals that cause
interactions and, in some cases,
changing "the genetic makeup of
foods to stop interactions.
In December, a team at the Uni-
versity of Florida's Citrus Research
and Education Center published
a paper about efforts to create a
grapefruit hybrid with significant-
ly reduced interaction risk.
Vitamins, minerals and herbs
also can interfere with some drugs.
Calcium supplements, for ex-
ample, may decrease absorption
of dietary iron, which is why peo-
ple at high risk for iron deficiency
are encouraged to take calcium at
bedtime instead of with meals.
It's important to tell your phy-
sician about all the medications
you're taking (prescription, over-
the-counter and supplements),
read packaging materials and ask
about potential interactions, says
Christine Gerbstadt, a registered
dietitian and spokeswoman for the
Academy of Nutrition and Dietet-

Do you know which don't mix?

A sampling of the poten-
tial interactions between
foods and medications,
including some supple-
ments, according to the
Food and Drug Admints- .


Cholesterol lowering such as
simvaslatin (Zocor), atorvastaiin
(Lipitor), and pravasratin (Prava-
Blood pressure-lowering
drugs, such as Nilediac and
Organ transplant rejection
drugs, such as Sandimmune and
Neoral both cyclosporine)
Anti-anxiety drugs, such as
BuSpar ibuspirone)
Anti-arrhythmia drugs, such as
Cordarone and Nexterone (both
Antihistamines, such as Al-
legra (fexofenadine)
Anti-malaria drugs Quinerva or
Quinite (quininel
Halcion (trinazolam), a medica-
tion used to treat insomnia

These potassium-rich foods
(such as bananas, 'oranges. and
green leafy vegetables) Can
add to high potassium levels in
the body caused by ACE (An-
giotensin Converting Enzyme)
inhibitors including captopril (Ca-
poten) and enalapril (Vasotec)
prescribed to lower blood pres-
sure or treat heart failure. Too
much potassium can cause an
irregular heartbeat and heart pal-

The sweetening compound glyc-
yrrhizin in black licorice may re-
duce the effects of some blood
pressure drugs or urine-produc-
ing drugs including Hydrodiuril
(hydrochlorothiazide) and Aldac-
tone (spironolactone)
* May increase the toxicity risks
from Lanoxin (digoxin). used to
treat congestive heart failure and
abnormal heart rhythms

NSMC's names Brown as

Chief Financial Officer
North Shore Medical Center is proud to an-
nounce the appointment of Howard Brown, CPA,
as Chief Financial Officer. With over 10 years of
financial healthcare experience in areas of gen-
eral and operational accounting, Brown will be
responsible for overseeing the financial opera-
tions for the 357-bed acute care hospital and

Antidepressant Monoamine Oxi-
dase (MAO) inhibitors (such as
phenelzine (Nardil, Nardelzine)
and tranylcypromine (Parnate)
are just one category ot drugs
that shouldn't be consumed with
excessive amounts of chocolate
and other caffeinated foods
Caffeine can also interact with
stimulant drugs such as Ritalin
(methylphenidate). increasing
their effect, or by decreasing the
effect of sedative-hypnotics such
as Ambien (zolpidem).
Using bronchodilators with
catteinated foods and drinks can
increase the chance ol side ef-
fects, such as excitability, ner-
vousness, and rapid heart beat.

Can reduce concentrations of
medications in the blood
Digoxin (Lanoxin). used to
treat congestive heart failure and
abnormal heart rhythrrms
Cholesterol-lowering drug lo-
vastatin (Mevacor and Altocor).
and the erectile dysfunction drug
sildenatil (Viagra)

Taken with a blood-thinning med-
ication such as warfarin (Couma-
din) can increase anti-clotting
activity and may cause an in-
creased risk ol bleeding.

May increase the risk of bleeding
when taken with anticoagulants
(blood thinners such as warfarin
and hepanni.
* Also increase the bleeding ef-
fects ot aspirin and non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs such as
ibuproten, naproxen and keto-
* Combined with MAO inhibitors
such as Nardil or Parnate may
cause headache trouble sleep-
ing. nervousness and hyperac-

High doses can interfere with
seizure drugs Tegretol Equetro
or Carbatrol (carbamazepine),
and Depakote (valproic acid).

its departments. Prior to his ap-
pointment at North Shore, Brown
served as a financial controller
at St. Mary's Medical Center in
West Palm Beach, a Level II Trau-
ma Center; and the Palm Beach
Children's Hospital at St. Mary's.
Brown has been a certified public
accountant since February 2004
and received his Bachelor of Sci-
ence degree from Florida Atlantic
University. BROWN



Moms talk, text while driving even with baby on board

By Larry Copeland

New mothers talk on the
phone, text or check e-mail at
an alarming rate while driving
with their babies in the car, a
newly released survey finds.
Although they're otherwise
protective of their young chil-
dren, the survey finds, 78 per-
cent of mothers with children
under age two acknowledge
talking on the phone while
driving with their babies; 26
percent say they text or check
their e-mail.
The survey from the child-
protection advocacy group
Safe Kids Worldwide and
American Baby magazine finds
that the new mothers' behav-
ior rivals that of teenage driv-

Cellphones weren't the only
distractions for the new moms.
Nearly two-thirds of them said
that they've turned around
to deal with their baby in the
back seat while driving.
The survey of 2,396 mothers
finds an attitude among new
moms that is reflected in the
general population: They tend
to think they're safe drivers
but actually engage in risky
Among the mothers, 63 per-
cent say they're more cautious
behind the wheel since giving
birth, but that's not reflected
in their behavior.
"Everyone wants to think
they're a good driver, espe-
cially when they're a mom,"
says Laura Kalehoff, executive
editor of American Baby. "You


Percentage of mothers who
drove with babies in the car
and ...
78% Talked on the phone
64% Turned around in the
seat to tend to a baby
26% Texted or checked
55% Drove above the
speed limit
10% Have been in a
crash while driving with their
baby in the car
.,ur .-.rl 1.. ,, ,, j r i g a n ?, I. I, : l ,,. : 1
', ,,. l..r l .1.n .. n, ,,,,n la, I ,. ,q....,

pick out the safest car seat,
the safest crib, and you want
to feel like you're making the
right choices. They thought
they were being better drivers,
while their behavior showed
Nearly 10 percent of the sur-
veyed mothers, who drove an
average of 150 miles a week,
had been in a crash while driv-
ing with their babies a crash
rate nearly three times higher
than that of the general public
and one that closes in on the
crash rate of teen drivers.
The crash rate for miles driv-
en for 16- to 19-year-olds is
four times as high as the rate
for drivers 20 and older.
"We get in the car, and we
assume that whatever we were
doing when we were sitting in

our home or in our office can
just carry forward while we're
driving," says Kate Carr, presi-
dent and CEO of Safe Kids
Carr recommends that all
drivers leave their phones in
the back seat while driving
and that parents pull over and
stop if they need to deal with
a child. She says new moms
wouldn't engage in risky driv-
ing practices if they realized
the potential danger.
"That's depressing," says Pe-
ter Kissinger, president and
CEO of AAA Foundation for
Traffic Safety, of the survey's
findings. "People have become
so accustomed to being con-
nected all the time that they
are resisting the safety com-
munity saying you shouldn't

be doing that while driving."
Kalehoff, 36, says the idea
to study new mothers' driving
habits grew partly out of her
own experience. In 2007, when
her son, Julian, was nine
months old and her family had
just moved to suburban New
York, she was rear-ended after
she drove through a stop sign,
then stopped a few feet later.
"I knew I was too tired to
be driving," Kalehoff says.
"My mind was in places other
than the road. That experi-
ence changed me as a driver.
I signed up, at age 31, for re-
fresher driving lessons with
the local driving school. I
thought: 'This probably isn't
an uncommon problem. Let's
see what new moms are do-
ing.' "

Post-hospital syndrome targets elderly Report: New vets show

Lack of sleep,

food produces

bad health

By Liz Szabo

For some elderly patients,
a hospital stay may actually
cause new health problems,
making them sick enough to
be readmitted within days or
weeks of discharge, new re-
search shows.
Nearly one in five hospital-
ized Medicare patients re-
turn to the hospital within 30
Yet most of these patients
return not because their pre-
vious illness has flared up, a
new study suggests, but be-
cause they have an entirely
new problem that, in many
cases, was caused by the
trauma of being hospitalized.
Patients initially hospital-
ized for pneumonia, for ex-
ample, may become so weak-
ened after a hospital stay
that they fall and fracture a

Of patients readmited to the
hospital, here is the percent-
age who return for a problem
different from their original

Heart attack patients 90%
Heart failure patients 65%
Pneumonia patients 78%
'I,',:us E l H.iI:[ lL. 1: 1 THE iAME iAI I

bone, says cardiologist Har-
lan Krumholz, a professor at
Yale School of Medicine, who
has written two new papers
on the subject.
"They come into the hospi-
tal with one thing, but they
leave with another," says
Krumholz, whose study of
Medicare patients appears
in today's Journal of the
American Medical Associa-
tion. "Maybe what is going on
is that people, through the
hospitalization, are acquiring
a new condition, something

that makes them susceptible
to a whole range of prob-

Among readmitted patients,
90 percent of those initially
diagnosed with a heart attack
came back with a different
problem. So did 65 percent of
the heart failure patients and
78 percent of the pneumo-
nia patients, according to the
study of more than three mil-
lion hospitalizations, based on
Medicare records.
Krumholz calls the phe-
nomenon "post-hospital syn-
drome," a temporary period
of increased vulnerability to
all sorts of risks, from falls to
heart attacks.
Many researchers are strug-
gling to reduce medical errors
and hospital-acquired infec-
tions, both of which can jeop-
ardize patients' lives.
In this case, however, the
problem is not poor hospital
care or medical mistakes, but

the routine difficulties of being
a patient, says Krumholz. He
also described post-hospital
syndrome in a New England
Journal of Medicine paper ear-
lier this month.
For example, patients of-
ten don't sleep well in noisy,
brightly lit hospital units.
Nurses may interrupt their
sleep to check vital signs or ad-
minister medication. Patients
may not get enough to eat, es-
pecially if doctors order them
to fast before procedures.
Patients often take sedating
pain killers or others medi-
cations that can leave them
confused, or even delirious,
especially in the unfamiliar
surroundings of a hospital.
Lastly, extended bed rest can
weaken patients' muscles and
bones, Krumholz says.
"When you go through what
most people go through in a
hospitalization, you are im-
paired'," he says. Even "if you
took a healthy person through
this, they would still be in a
period of susceptibility" to
health problems.

signs of Gulf War illness

By Kelly Kennedy

of the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan may be suffering
from the 20-year-old set of
symptoms .known as Gulf War
illness, according to a new
report released Wednesday
by the federal Institute of
"Preliminary data suggest
that (chronic multisymptom
illness) is occurring in
veterans of the Iraq and
Afghanistan wars as well," the
report says.
This may be the first time
that the symptoms suffered
by veterans of the 1991 Gulf
War have been linked' to
veterans of the current wars,
which started in 2001 and
2003, said Paul Rieckhoff,
CEO of Iraq and Afghanistan
Veterans of America.
It also means the
Department t of Veterans
Affairs' defni-itionr of who

qualifies for Gulf War veterans'
benefits should include those
who served in Afghanistan,
said Paul Sullivan, a 1991
Gulf War veteran and founder
of Veterans for Common
Because Wednesday's report
associates the symptoms with
deployment, Sullivan said,
the VA "should expand the
geographical definition of the
current Gulf War to include
the ongoing conflicts in Iraq
and Afghanistan."
The researchers were to
investigate treatments for Gulf
War illness, including any
existing research, to see what
worked for veterans. Their
research included traumatic
brain injury, which is caused
by blunt force to the head or
proximity to an explosion;
post-traumatic stress disorder,
which must involve exposure
to trauma; respiratory
problems; fibromyalgia; and
chronic pain.

Veteran disability costs climb

Increase since 'oo

has many factors
By Gregg Zoroya
and Meghan Hoyer

What the nation owes each
year to veterans who are dis-
abled during service has more
than doubled since 2000, rising
from $14.8 billion to $39.4 bil-
lion in 2011, according to the
Department of Veterans Affairs.
The toll of wars in Iraq and Af-
ghanistan, where troops served
repeatedly in combat zones, is
a key contributor to escalating
costs of individual disability
payouts, says Allison Hickey,
VA undersecretary for benefits.
"I would point first and fore-
most to multiple deployments,"
says Hickey, a retired Air Force
brigadier general. "I would call
it unprecedented demand."
The 3.4 million men and
women disabled during their
service some of them having
served in World War II are
about 15 percent of the nation's
22.2 million veterans.

The disabled veteran popu-
lation has increased 45 per-
cent since 2000 and may grow
sharply with a new generation
who seek compensation for
more ailments and are savvier
than their elders about their VA
rights, say Hickey and veterans
"We get veterans coming in
to us all the time, World War II
guys or Korea (War) guys, that
never filed a claim because they
think they didn't deserve it,"
says Garry Augustine, nation-
al service director for Disabled
American Veterans.
Augustine, a Vietnam vet-
eran, said his generation was
provided little more than their
separation papers when they
left the service. For the past two
decades, however, the VA has
offered instruction about ben-
efits to soon-to-be-separating
service members. Legislative
changes have made such ses-
sions mandatory.
By November, nearly half of
veterans who served during the
Iraq and Afghanistan wars had
filed claims seeking disability

compensation, VA data show.
The average number of condi-
tions compensated for each vet-
eran has grown from 2.3 for.the
World War II generation to 3.5
for those from the Vietnam War
to six for Iraq and Afghanistan
veterans, the VA says.
About one in seven disabled
veterans were rated more than
70 percent disabled in 2000; to-
day, that ratio is more than one
in four, data show. Average a4-
nual payouts per veteran have
risen to $11,737 in 2011 an
increase of nearly 40 percent
after adjusting for inflation.
Other reasons for rising costs:
Vietnam veterans exposed
to Agent Orange or veterans
diagnosed with Gulf War syn-
drome can be compensated for
more ailments.
WWII veterans' service-re-
lated disabilities worsen with
age, making them eligible for
additional compensation.
A change in rules associ-
ated with post-traumatic stress
disorder make it easier for di-
agnosed patients to prove the
need for compensation.

Gov't focuses on enrolling uninsured

Relaunched website, part ofan effort

to market federal
By Kelly Kennedy

V'ASHINGTON The federal
go, ernment today kicks off a
nev, etffort to raise awareness
about the most controversial
part of the federal health care
law the requirement that
the uninsured buy health care
Today, the Department of
Health and Human Services
(HHS) plans to relaunch its
website to try to draw in the
millions of uninsured people
needed to make the health
care law work when open en-
rollment in state and federal
health care exchanges begins
in October.
"There are millions of Ameri-
cans who need to be able to
find and use health coverage,"
said Jason Young, deputy as-
sistant secretary for public

health exchange
affairs at HHS. The restarted
site marks the beginning of a
"full-throttle" effort to market
the federal health exchange,
he said.
As many as 43 million peo-
ple will be required to buy a
bronze, silver, gold or plati-
num plan from private.insur-
ers based on upfront costs vs.
out-of-pocket costs, beginning
in January 2014. Failure to
'buy the insurance, offered in
so-called health exchanges,
is punishable by fines up to
$95 for adults in 2014. That
increases to $325 in 2015,
and $695 in 2016. Tax credits
will be offered to help families
within 400 percent of the pov-
erty level afford insurance.
The exchanges face huge
hurdles, including uninformed
consumers, past frustration
with insurance companies and

a perception among many that
the government should not be
involved in health care. Even
as the exchanges launch, Re-
publican governors in some
states continue to oppose the
law and state exchanges.
And the Congressional Bud-
get Office based budget esti-
mates pn the expectation that
25 million people will enroll in
the exchanges by 2022. How-
ever, the government's last
push for insurance enroll-
ment, for the Pre-existing Con-
dition Insurance Plan, brought
in just 82,000 people out of
375,000 Americans who were
expected to sign up.
"What we need now is an all-
hands effort," said Ron Pollack,
chairman of the newly formed
Enroll America, a group of 50
pharmaceutical companies,
health care providers and ad-
vocacy groups that plans to
raise and spend $100 million
-to promote federal and state



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Effective estate planning for family caregivers

What you don't know may hurt you

Family caregi'.ers are do-
ing their loved ones (and,
themselves a great disservice
'by not using available legal
resources to make appropri-
'ate, decisions regarding the
safety, health and finances
of those they look after. Few
understand what it takes to
ensure lasting firnarncial health
knd wealth that will secure a'
legacy. The most crucial step
any caregner can take is find-
irng an estate planning attor-
pey who can help prepare five
essential legal documents.

When a family member or
loved one is unable to make
vise fina.nc iaJ decisions, the
duri-able power of attorney
grants narrow and broad
powers to execute on their
behalf. Common broad pow- '
. ers include activities like:
opening mail, paying everyday
expenses, filing and paying
taxes, maintaining property, .
"Eollecing Social Security ben-
efits investing money, execut-
.ing.bank transactions, filing
insurance claims, operating a
business and managing retire-
ment accounts Should the

mental state of the care re-
cipient diminish to the point of
incompetence before a durable
power of attorney has been
established, a more intensive
process ensues. A guardian-
ship will have to be created

By B


and a judge will oversee the

Will preparation is a crucial
component of estate planning
because it acts as the final
word regarding the transfer
of property. Beyond property,
another key benefit to having
a wvil is the designation ofa '
guardian for minor children. A
will is also used to identify the
person-- or executor re-
sponsible for making sure per-
sonal wishes regarding estate

assets are carried out and to
avoid court conflicts over who
should serve in this important

A healthcare surrogate acts
on behalf of the care recipient

By Phyllis Smith, J.D., LL.M.
:iate Protessor in the
ge of La*'
la A&M University

by making important health
care decisions. While such
decisions include terminating
life-support, the surrogate is
specifically limited to health
care and medically related
matters. Surrogacy can be ac-
tivated when a family member
or loved one becomes tempo-
rarily unconscious, confused,
or unable to communicate
medical desires. Having this
document saves time and
money by providing the surro-
gate with access to records he
or she would normally need a
court order to obtain.

A living will is a document
that allows a person to express
their wishes concerning life
support if a he or she becomes
incapacitated. The basic pur-
pose of a living will is to make
a decision, in advance, wheth-
er or not life will be prolonged
by life-support methods. Be-
cause families often disagree,
it is best to make personal
wishes known, both orally and
in writing.

Most people assume trusts
are established for the very
wealthy. However, this as-
sumption does not necessar-
ily apply to a revocable trust.
Unlike a will, which comes
effective only after death, a
revocable trust benefits anyone
regardless of income and is
effective while one is still alive.
It can include decisions that
determine the age children can
receive assets, require certain
behaviors (like attending col-
lege), limit payout provisions
to beneficiaries and provide
protection against beneficiary
Phyllis Smith, J.D., LL.M. is
an associate professor in the
College of Law at Florida A&M

Treat energy drinks the same as drugs

Fad creates boom

inm emergency

room visits
By Kevin Pho

There's no 4ec ret how ener-
gy drinks work: caffeine.
Most also contain herbal
ingredients that allow them
to be sold as dietary supple-
There are a number of

steps that can be taken to
'protect consumers.
The energy drink business
is booming. Sales in the U.S.
have hit more than $10 bil-
lion, eclipsing categories such
as 'iced tea or sports drinks.
About sLx billion energy drinks
were corisumed nationwide in
20.10, and it's estimated that
31 percent of teenagers drink
them regularly.
But the popularity of en-
ergy drinks is leading to se-
rious health consequences.

A recent government survey
estimated that the number of
emergency room visits related
to consuming energy drinks
doubled nationally in the past
four years.
Consider that just two ounc-
es of a popular brand containers
207 mg of caffeine, which is
almost as much as six cans
of Coca-Cola. It is more than
double the recommended
amount of daily caffeine in-
take for teenagers, who are
often targeted in advertising

campaigns. Roland Griffiths, a
researcher at Johns Hopkins
University, rightly calls them
"caffeine delivery systems."

Most energy drinks also
contain herbal ingredients
such as ginkgo, taurine or
milk thistle. Although scientif-
ic studies show that these ad-
ditives have little value, their
presence allows energy drinks
to be sold as dietary supple-
ments rather than drugs.

Rapid HIV testing increases life expectancy

By Dr. Jacques Normand. (QALY's) for HIV in-

Incorporating rapid HIV
testing in drug treatment pro-
grams is both cost effective
and increases life expectancy
for an HIV-positive person,
according to an NIH-funded
study published in Sept. 2012
in the journal of Drug and Al-
cohol Dependence. This study
expands upon a previous find-
ing of the National Drug Abuse
Treatment Clinical Trials Net-
work Rapid HIV Testing and
Counseling Study that showed
that onsite rapid HIV testing
in substance abuse treatment
programs correlated with in-
creased receipt of HIV test re-
The study used a computer
simulation model .to project
life expectancy, lifetime costs,
and quality-adjusted life years

fected individuals.
The model projected
that the life expec-
tancy for an HIV-
positive person en-
gaged in substance
abuse treatment
who is unaware of
his/her HIV infec-
tion is 17.1 'years


with no interven-
tion. The model calculated
that referring these patients
to clinics outside of the sub-
stance abuse treatment facility
for HIV testing would increase
life expectancy to 17.9 years,
while offering onsite rapid HIV
testing with a description of
the testing procedure (that is,
providing information only)
would increase life expectancy
to 20.8 years.
Providing rapid HIV testing

.' in drug treatment
programs is also a
good investment of
health care dollars.
S This study demon-
strated that pro-
viding onsite rapid
HIV testing was
cost-effective using
the Cost Effective-
AND ness of Preventing
AIDS Complications
(CEPAC) model, taking into
account various patient demo-
graphics including CD4 cell
counts, viral burden (HIV RNA
level), ART therapy regimen,
presence of an acute AIDS-
defining illness, etc. as well
as the costs for medical treat-
ment (DHHS, 2011).
Substance abuse places in-
dividuals at great risk for con-
tracting HIV through the risky
behaviors 'it engenders-be-

haviors that extend far beyond
injection drug use. Treating
HIV infection with today's ef-
fective antiretroviral therapy
not only improves the quality
of life for those living with HIV,
but it also reduces transmis-
sion to others. But effective
treatment cannot begin un-
til an infection is identified,
which is why implementing
HIV testing in centers where
vulnerable populations -
such as persons. with sub-
stance use disorders seek
treatment can be so valu-
able. In fact, NIDA is investing
heavily in this area to optimize
ways to reach vulnerable pop-
ulations (Seek), test them for
HIV (Test), link those who test
positive to the care they need
(Treat), and develop services
to help them maintain their
treatment regimens (Retain).

Nearly impossible to commit the mentally ill

States crafted laws

to protect patients
By Liz Szabo

To rebuild the country's
mental health system, states
need to update laws that al-
low mentally ill patients to be
hospitalized against their will,
many advocates say.
Today, state civil commit-
ment laws can make it diffi-
cult or impossible to hospital-
ize adults involuntarily, even
when their families or care-
givers feel threatened and pa-
tients appear extremely sick,
says Dewey Cornell, director
of the Virginia Youth Violence
States have crafted their civ-
il commitment laws to protect
civil liberties, in reaction to
abusive situations in the past,
says Liza Gold, a forensic psy-

chiatrist at the Georgetown
University School of Medicine
in Washington.
"In the past, you could just
go to a magistrate and say,
'My wife is crazy, you need
to put her away,'" Gold says.
"People could be held involun-
tarily for extended lengths of
time, even without receiving
treatment, just because they
were perceived as 'crazy."'
Now, Gold says, the pendu-
lum has swung "too far," be-
cause the law doesn't allow
patients to be protected from
"Our civil commitment laws
are broken," Cornell says.
"They are designed to protect
individuals from being held
against their will. But they
have gone too far. They no lon-
ger protect society. We've had
many cases where people who
should have been hospitalized
have been allowed to languish

and they deteriorate into a vio-
lent act."
Although each state writes
its own laws, they all set very
high criteria, says Gold.
"All states generally re-
quire [someone] provide clear
and convincing evidence that
someone is imminently dan-
gerous to themselves or oth-
ers," Gold says. And "immi-
nent" is typically interpreted
to mean the past 24 to 72
So under certain circum-
stances, a person who threat-
ens to stab his mother often
may not be committed against
his will, even if he has stabbed
her in the past, Gold says, if
the most recent threats oc-
curred more than a few days
"You can't commit them. You
can't get them into treatment.
You can't even hold them for
observation; it's considered a

violation of their civil liberty."
Like many other parents,
Heather Tillmann of Milwau-
kee says she was often told
her child wasn't sick or violent
enough to qualify for services.
At one point, a court official
told her, "We can't take a seri-
al killer to jail before they kill."
Those policies need to
change, says Ron Mahiders-
cheid, executive director of the
National Association of Coun-
ty Behavioral Health and De-
velopmental Disability Direc-
tors. The country desperately
needs to focus on prevention
and early intervention, 'he
"If someone has cancer,
they shouldn't have to wait
until they have acute cancer
and be dying in the next two
weeks before we give them
care," Manderscheid says.
"But that's how we operate the
mental health system."

Byron Hurt serves up

healthy 'Soul Food'

The filmmaker speaks about his

critically acclaimed film about health

By Jamilah Lemieux

Black folks have a compli-
cated relationship with soul
food. For many of us, the mere.
mention of fried chicken, mac
and cheese, greens and yams
brings forth memories of fam-
ily gatherings with deceptively
abundant spreads. However,
these dishes are also associat-
ed with the medical issues that
have taken a lot of our people
out. Filmmaker Byron Hurt
understands just how deep
our cultural connection to our
treasured foods runs. He also
knows that our community's
dietary issues are not hardly
limited to our love of corn-
bread. Hurt's latest documen-
tary Soul Food Junkies takes a
both loving and critical look at
the history of our beloved dish-
es, while exploring some of the
important steps we can take to
improve the health of our loved
Here, Hurt speaks on what
compelled him to make the
film, why we can still enjoy soul
food and what we're eating that
may be doing even more dam-
age than your auntie's ham
How did this film come to
Byron Hurt: I was inspired to
make Soul Food Junkies based
on my experience watching
my father become ill and deal

with [his] obesity and watching
how difficult it was for him to
change his eating habits. That
made me ask a larger question
about what Black people eat
and the impact that food has on
our community. . I wanted to
take a look at soul food and the
history of soul food and the tra-
dition of soul food to see what
made us as African American
people, and my own father, so
connected to it. ,
What role do you think our
emotional attachment to soul
food plays in terms of our in-
ability to recognize how un-
healthy it can be?
Hurt: We wear our culinary
tradition as a badge of honor
and it is a tradition that has
been passed down from gener-
ation to generation, a culinary
tradition that has helped sus-
tain us through a very difficult
time. . we have essentially
Please turn to HURT 18B

Hospice is used more

often, but not for long

ICU says it is an add-on to a very

aggressive pattern of medical care

By Janice Lloyd

Twice as many elderly
people died in hospice as in
a hospital or nursing home
compared with a decade ago,
but hospice is of-
ten treated as a last
resort and used
too late to benefit -SS
patients and their '
families, a study said
Researchers .ex-
amined Medicare
records for 840,000
people 66 or older
who died in 2000,
2005 and 2009. They
found intensive-care
use, hospitalization
and health care tran-
sitions increased in
the last month of life
before patients entered hos-
Hospice aims to address
the physical, emotional, so-
cial and spiritual needs of
dying patients and their
families and to control pain,
says the study's lead au-
thor, Joan Teno, a palliative
care physician and professor
at Warren Alpert School of
Medicine at Brown University
in Providence.

But this study shows that
'for many patients, hospice
is an add-on to a very aggres-
sive pattern of care during
the last days of life. she says
'We suspect they and their
families didn't get the
support they needed."
More than a quarter
ofhospice use in 2009
Swas for three days or
i l less; 40 percent of
those late referrals
followed an intensive-
care stay.
The study is in The
Journal of the Ameri-
Ifil can Medical Associa-
An accompany-
ing editorial calls for
an end to aggressive
treatment at the end
of life by improving
communication between pa-
tients and, physicians and
considering a "threshold of
likely benefit and life expec-
tancy for ICU admissions."
"We need to improve the
care system so people are
spending more than a day
or two in hospice," says Da-
vidGoodman, director of the
Center for Health Policy Re-
search at Dartmouth in Ha-
nover, N.H. 'Comfort.




lie j







Greater Love helps out the youth

continued from 12B
lead, the church also invests
in the lives of children with
its daycare and before/after
school program. Richardson's
goal is to assist the church in
growing spiritually, by having
more: workshops, Bible stud-
ies and conferences, so that
the congregation is able to
meet the needs of the commu-
nity even more.

Richardson would like for the
church to one day open a char-
ter school and a family life cen-
ter for the youth that will pro-
vide services, such as tutoring,

Pastor Dwayne Richardson
poses with sons.
homework help, counseling
and wholesome recreation. He
would also like to create plat-
forms where adults can speak

with youth and hear their
"I think today's youth just
need to know that somebody
cares and loves them," Rich-
ardson said.
He enjoys building the lives
of all children, but particu-
larly young men because he
is a single-parent of two boys:
Daniel, 12 and Daylan, 8.
"The youth are our future
and if we don't grab them,
nurture them and train them,
we're going to lose them,"
Richardson said. "Too many
of our youth have been lost
to the streets and as a suc-
cessful Black young man, I feel
that it's my duty to do all that I
can to help our young people."

Influenza harmful to the elderly

continued from 14B

down from 9.8 percent a week
The proportion of people
visiting the doctor for influ-
enza-like illness was 4.2 per-
cent of all doctor visits, down
from 4.3 percent the week be-
fore, the CDC's FluView report
showed. On average, the num-
ber is usually 2.2 percent.
Flu remains "elevated" na-
tionwide; 42 states reported

widespread influenza activity
last week and seven reported
localized activity, the CDC
said. The previous week, 47
states had widespread activity.
Flu is more dangerous to
people 65 and older, and it is
worse this year because the
prevalent strain, H3N2. is es-
pecially hard on the elderly.
"We haven't seen H3 viruses
predominate like they are this
year since the 2004-2005 sea7
son," Jhung said. People have
little immunity unless they

were vaccinated this year.
It's not too late to get vacci-
nated, Jhung said.
Someone who begins to feel
sick should contact a doctor
quickly. Antiviral drugs, taken
within 48 hours of the onset of
the flu, are helpful in prevent-
ing complications and keeping
people out of the hospital, he
California, Oregon and
Washington are still showing
increases in flu cases, Jhung

Don't be scammed during flu season

continued from 14B

the FDA to be vetted as a drug.
GermBullet's website claims it
has been tested by an FDA-rec-
ognized virology lab, but such
no lab has seen it.
The company has 15 days to
answer the warning letter. If the
company continues to make un-
substantiated claims about the
product, the agency may take
enforcement action that could
include seizure of the drug or
criminal prosecution, says How-
ard Sklamberg, director of the
FDA's office of compliance at the

Center for Drug Evaluation and
The FDA's health fraud pro-
gram monitors the Internet and
radio and TV ads.
"This,is shocking," says Sim-
one Hobus of GermBullet's re-
search and development de-
partment. Reached by phone,
she said the company was not
aware of the FDA's letter and
declined to comment further.
By law, drugs are products
that claim to prevent, treat or
cure a disease, among other
things. The FDA is responsible
for the regulation of prescription
and over-the-counter drugs.

This flu season has spawned
a number of fraudulent prod-
ucts that claim to treat, prevent
or shorten the duration of the
flu, Sklamberg says.
Consumers also should be
wary of online pharmacies sell-
ing "generic" Tamiflu or Relen-
za, antiviral drugs that lessen
the severity and duration of flu,
he says.
There are no FDA-approved
generics for those drugs on the
U.S. market. Sklamberg says
such products could be coun-
terfeit, contaminated or not
stored properly to maintain

Revival Center
6702 N.W. 15th Avenue

-.. .-a Order of Services

D.& h.IrsG M,,SS ith ,

I m -if

Liberty City Church
of Christ
1263 N.W. 67th Street

Order of Services

b ,, ,; ,Wi ,' S(I'I f. r, i

,, y, III

Jordan Grove Missionary
Baptist Church
5946 N.W. 12th Avenue

-.-.--.---- Order of Services

NK I)'"

a r og sC k, r. iS .

New Vision For Christ
13650 N.E. 10th Avenue

Order of Services
'.'',"l' WC ..,r j, j I i) i.

.L"I'ff MilTl iW,,rff 'h, I Ij,

Antioch Missionary Baptist
Church of Brownsville
2799 N.W. 46th Street

.. ... Order of Services

Rev La I l, ,M ..1tW,,, I, i,

Ir~di#XT .: i

I *h-iffi'.i "I "0"",

IR -.og.r..

St. John Baptist Church
1328 N.W. 3rd Avenue

'.II~f !:- = II, N =BY
.---, Order of Services
Sur toda ShiIl Q 0au ,il
Mjrnii W r'hip 11 u min
1~ ~0 *r *'
i .- !. ,. *.-'-:'"*, P yti ,i] i ,blt Srudy
t',^ ^-!Merinq ,t ,,n ) 7 p ni
**t^ L ^ ^ i.

Black in America and Islands.,
are the Royal Family of Christ Heb. 7:14

Ministr KingD-.o r "is Q 14

f r F Jii F '. i. ',

. .. ', W ,I*,, I ,

Hosanna Community
Baptist Church
2171 N.W. 56th Street
I 1I i. I "

Order of Services
'.,,,,,]ijy '.F,,I, '4 .i :, ,j i',
I A.,, 1ip I
,MI, :t,,,., Ih.)l,,., )' l r Tr
..ih. M, I- rp
M ,,,', 1 t, ill

New Birth Baptist Church, The Cathedral of Faith International
2300 N.W. 135th Street

Order of Services
Sunday Worship 7 a.m.,
11 a.m., 7 p.m.
Sunday School 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday (Bible Study) 6:45p.m,
Wednesday Bible Study
10:45 a.m.

1 (800) 254-NBBC
Fax: 305-685-0705

Pembroke Park Church of Christ
3707 S.W. 56th Avenue Hollywood, FL 33023
Order of Services
S Sunday Bible Siudy Q a.m Morning Worship 10 a m
Evening Worship 6 p m
Wedrinekday General Bibli Sludy 730 p.m
Slelev ;ion Program Sure Foundalion
My33 WBFS. (omiast 3 Suatuday 130 a m
pww rmbr.,'J .pi|i hur huv (ilr, r oi fn1bulir1.il'l .libi'. h nI


Friendship Missionary Baptist Church
740 N.W. 58th Street

Order of Services
Hour of Praye 30 o in Early Morning Worship ?30 a m
Sunday Srhuol 10 a m Mn.:.rrig Worship I1 a m
Youlh Miiiltry Study. Wed 1 p m Prayer Brble Siudy Wed 1 p m
Monday Alar Prayer (M.F)
Feeding /he Hungry every Wedneday 11 a m I pm
www teriildhhim ibma uri] Ie'd h.ppruyeri'bell.uirh ine

BspCrry iSi


New Way of Life Int'l Ministries 93rd Street Community
285 NW 199 Street Missionary Baptist Church
Miami, FL 33169 2330 N.W. 93rd Street

in. ,

Order of Servimes
[ )Ifl [.jl, M ,,,,,,,,,) W ,,, hiy ,
II .IT W M ,.,,'i ', .u
A, 'l,,,,',l b'y
I.I lid '.l,',diiit, I''* |
h J,'* y lt '.I, I fj ifi
Hib ,ll irr ,t, ,,,i

) /

Rev. Charles Lee

Pastor Rev. Carl Johnson








02/14/1959 02/06/1993
It has been along time, yet it seems
like yesterday. Happy Valentine
Birthday, mom, family and friends.

07/11/71971 11/26/2009

It's been four years. We love
and miss you. The Family

02/14/1924 02/07/2007
Happy birthday, we think'of
you always, especially today.
Love always, The Carr Family.

07/22/1936 02/11/2011

You are truly missed.
Your sons.

02/10/1908- 071/02/2005
We miss you dearly! Love, your
children and grandchildren.

12/07/1992 01/23/2009
Four years gone, but not
forgotten. We truly miss and love
you. Mom, sister and brother.

03/12/1939- 03/30/2012
You'll always be our Valentine
because you will always be in
our hearts. Love the kids.

Cardiss Collins, 81, fighter in congress for equality

By William Yardley

Cardiss Collins, who reluc-
tantly ran for a Chicago Con-
gressional seat left vacant when
her husband died in a plane
crash and went on to become
Illinois's first black congress-
woman, serving for nearly 25
years as a voice for racial and
gender equality and expanded
health care for the poor, died
on Sunday in Arlington, Va.
She was 81.
Her death was confirmed by
Representative Danny K. Da-
vis, who succeeded her in 1997
after she retired from Con-
Collins's husband, George

W. Collins, had served
two years when he was
among 45 people killed
in the crash of United
Airlines Flight 553 near
Midway Airport in Chi-
cago on Dec. 8, 1972.
Local Democrats, led by
Mayor Richard J. Daley,
quickly endorsed Mrs.
Collins to succeed him. CC
Collins, then 4i and an
auditor for the Illinois Revenue
Department who was worried
about the couple's 13-year-old
son, Kevin, was wary of run-
ning but eventually agreed to
do so.
She campaigned, little but
easily won the primary in April

and cruised through
the general election in
June with 92 percent
of the vote. Six years
later, and after some
j early struggles in of-
fice she had never
considered a political
career before she was
thrust into one she
LIMNS became chairwoman
of the Congressional
Black Caucus. For much of the
1980s, she was the only Black
woman in Congress.
"In the last six years, my big-
gest roadblock has been shy-
ness," Collins told The Wash-
ington Post in 1979. "I was
basically an introvert, but once

people learned I had something
to say, I gained confidence."
Collins was openly critical
of President Jimmy Carter,
questioning his commitment
to social programs and minori-
ties. She did not invite him to
speak at the caucus's annual
fund-raising dinner in 1979,
although he had spoken there
in previous years, and she ex-
pressed support for Senator
Edward M. Kennedy when he
signaled that he would run
against Carter for the Demo-
cratic nomination in 1980.
When Ronald Reagan was
elected that fall, she was no
easier on him when he pro-
posed cutting social programs.

We miss your smiling face
and we will always love you.
Rev. E. C. Melton and Family.

Worship Service
Women's Ministry Worship
Service. Come one, come all,
to the Historic Mt. Zion Mis-
sionary Baptist Church, 301
NW 9th Street, Miami, 9:45
a.m., Sunday, February 17,
featuring our keynote speak-
er, Sister Edna J. Williams.
Theme: Three essentials;
faith, hope and love.


Happy nth
The family and friends of
New Christ Tabernacle Baptist
Church invites you to the 11lth
anniversary of Rev. and Sister
Hosted by Greater Fellowship
Baptist Church, Rev. Rose
Pastor, 3:30 p.m.,. Sunday,
February 17, 8400 NW 25
Rev. J.D. Patterson will be the
host speaker Sunday, 11 a.m.

Film on unhealthy eating

continued from 16B

created [this. tradition out of
food scraps and made it into a
culinary cuisine. It's difficult to
give up tradition. It is difficult
to let go of the-past.
How do we learn to enjoy
soul food the. 'right' way? Is
it a matter of moderation or
simply learning how to cook
it in a healthier way?
Hurt: Yes, absolutely. There
is nothing wrong with collard
greens. . black eyed peas. .
butter beans. . okra. . chick-
en if it is organic and if it
has not been injected with ste-
roids and other chemicals. In-
stead of eating candied yams,
you bake that sweet potato.
Instead of cooking your col-
lard greens for hours with a
fatty meat like ham hocks, you
cook them for a shorter period
of time and saute them, as
Bryant Terry suggested in his
book. Those changes are very
difficult for some people, but if
you want to live longer, health-
ier lives, it is worth the change.

Do you think soul food is
as much of a problem when
it comes to Black folks diets
as say, fast food or what our
kids are being served in the
Hurt: Probably not. I can't
speak for all Black households
across America, but I think
that processed foods, industri-
alized foods and fast food are
a huge problem in the culture.
People have more access to fast
food today than ever before. It
is cheap, it's easy. . it is [of-
ten] the food of choice because
we all live busier, faster-paced
lives. If I had to guess, I would
have to say that fast food and
processed food are probably
a bigger problem in our com-
munity than soul food. I think
people, because of the title of
the film, think I'm just going to
slam soul food. My film is not
a condemnation of soul food; it
is an examination of food, cul-
ture, tradition, family and what
happens when people within a
family or people within a com-
munity or culture decide to
change that tradition.

Jointhe eligous lit


02/15/1935- 12/30/2008
Happy Birthday! It's been five
years. We miss you today and
always. Love, The Family.

10/08/1926 02/07/2008
Feb. 7th makes five years
since you been gone and left
us. We miss you so very much.

02/14/1974 12/01/1993

Happy Birthday!
The Hobes and Slater families.

02/27/1940 02/20/2012

You are truly loved and missed.
Love, the White family

02/18/62 05/11/07
Happy Birthday to our
Valentine. Love and miss you
always, family and friends.

10/02/1921- 02/16/2008
You are always in our hearts.
With Love from all your

* 0












February 4 at
Jackson Health
Systems. Ser-
vice 10 a.m.,
Saturday at
Freewill Chris-
tian Center, Mi-
ami Gardens.

TAMMIE BELLAMY, 43, retired
bus driver, died
February 9 at
home. Service
2 p.m., Satur-
day at Freewill
Christian Cen- 1. -
ter, Miami Gar- ..

ARELISE JEAN, 85, childcare
aide, died Feb- .,.
ruary 5 at North
Shore Medical
Center. Service
12 p.m., Satur-
day at Freewill
Christian Cen-I
ter, Miami Gar- .

February 2 a
vice 1 p.m.,
dale Baptist'


JOEL PELTRAU, 43, data.
clerk for the
Department of
Immigration and
Naturalization, "
died February
7 at home.
Survivors: wife, -
Melissa Peltrau;
Sheyenne, Samantha and
Savannah Peltrau; mother, Teresa
Jean Simon; brother, John Peltrau
and a host of family and friends.
Viewing 6-8 p.m., February 14 in
the chapel. Celebration of Life 10
a.m., Friday at New Providence
Missionary Baptist Church, 760
NW 53 Street.

LLOYD B. JOHNSON, 87, retired
bus operator
for Metro
Dade Transit
Authority, died
February 9
at Jackson
North Hospital.
Survivvo rs '
include: wife, "-'
Juanita Carter Johnson; son,
Lloyd Deryk Johnson; daughter,
Linda J. Johnson; granddaughter,
Kelli (Jason) Newman; great
granddaughter, Jaden Newman
and one niece, Erica V. Williams.
Viewing 2-8 p.m., Sunday in
the chapel. Litany 6 p.m., in the
chapel. Service 11 a.m., Monday
at the Historic St. Agnes Episcopal
Church, 1750 NW 3 Avenue,
Miami, FL.

,KER, 84, nurse, died 90, roofer, died
3t home. Memorial ser- February 6 at
Saturday at Ft. Lauder- home. Service 1
Worship Center. p.m., Saturday
at Greater
Holy Cross
Royal Missionary
WALLACE-KEARSE, Baptist Church.

70, retired
nurse, died
February 6.
Service 11
a.m., Saturday
at Antioch
Baptist Church
of Miami

Hadley Davis MLK

SARAH WINDER, 97, home-
maker, died ...
February 8 at .
Memorial Pem- -
broke. Service
11 a.m., Satur- '.
day in the cha-

aka "WB," 33,
co-owner of

Shop, died
February 3.
Survivors: wife,
Krystal; children,
Warren Jr.,
Warneric and Warniyah; parents,
Frederick and Alvina Harris;
grandparents, Johnnie Edwards,
Rosetta Washington and Earnest
Harris; sisters, Malinda, Rasheida,
Fredericka, Kia, and Sha-Sha;
godfather, LaConnie Mincey; a host
of family and friends. Viewing 4-9
p.m., Friday in the chapel. Service
11:30 a.m., Saturday at New Birth
Baptist Church.

retired school
teacher, died
February 3 at
home. Viewing
4-9 p.m., Friday T,$
in the chapel. ...
Service 1 p.m., ,-
Saturday at
First Baptist
Church of Bunche Park.

Gregg L. Mason

Charles Drew'
Middle School,
died February
9. He is
survived by his
parents, Debra
and Gregory C.
Jay; brothers,
Steve and Greg; sisters, Ashli,
Kenya, LaKeisha, Tiffany and
Jasmine; grandparents, Willie
Dene Raines and Merlice Mintze,
and a host of other relatives and
friends. Viewing, 4-6 p.m., Friday
at MEC Outreach Ministries, 1766
NW 95th Street. Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday at Mt. Tabor Missionary
Baptist Church.

Carey Royal Ram'n
FREDDIE JOHNS, 79, retired
custodian, died February 11 at
home. Service 11 a.m., Monday in
the chapel.

pel .

keeper, died
February 10
at North Shore
Hospital. Ser-
vice 12 p.m.,
Saturday at Jor-
dan Grove.

LEE, 71, house-

January 23.Ser- -
vices were held. ,f .

: I't

MYRTIS WILCOX, 89, died Feb-
ruary 3. Servic-
es were held.

^ 3

February 1. Ser-
vices were held.

February 11 at Memorial Pembroke
Hospital. Service 1 p.m., Saturday
in the chapel.

teacher, died
February 6.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday in the

Hadley Davis
Miami Gardens
died February ,, '
4 at Jackson
Health System.,
Services were .

spinal cord
technician, died
February 6 at
V.A. Hospital.
Service 10 a.m.,
Saturday in the '

JOSEPH MACK, 92, airplane
modifier, died
February 8 at
Hampton Court
Rehab Center.
Arrangements y '.. f.
are incomplete.

truck driver,
died February
8 at Palmetto
are incomplete.

cafeteria worker,
died February
10 at Jackson
North Hospital. ~,
Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday in the 4!

31, homemaker,
died February
9 at Mt. Sinai
Hospital. -
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday at
Salvation Army ..

MARLON MILLER, 15, student,
died February 11 in Live Oak, FL.
Service 2 p.m., Saturday in the

January 30. Services were held.

died January 30. Services were

died January 29. Services were

JOE JACKSON, 67, died
January 31. Services were held.

February 7 at
Jackson South
Service 10 a.m.,
Saturday at -
Christ Episcopal
Church of
Coconut Grove.

February 5 at North Shore. Service
11 a.m., Saturday at Sweet Home
Missinary Baptist Church.

February 6 at Jackson South.
Service 11 a.m., Saturday at Bethel
Full Gospel Church.

February 4 at Jackson South
Community Hospital. Services
were held.

EH Zion

February 11 at
home. Service
1 p.m., Saturday
at Rock of Age
MB Church.

Wright & Young
died February 5
at University of
Miami Hospital.
Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday at Mt.
Calvary MBC.

retired nurse,
died February 9
at University of
Miami Hospital.
Service 10
a.m., Saturday
at New Shiloh
Baptist Church.

52, manager of
Polio Tropical
died February
5. Survivors

Andy Williams;
niece, Glennette
F u I c her;
brothers, Tony Bullard and Willie
M. Bullard; sisters, Jeanette R.
Fulcher, Tabitha C. Bullard, and
Lousonja Simmons; a host of other
relatives and friends Viewing 12-7
p.m., Wednesday in the chapel.
Final rites and burial February 16
in Camilla, GA.

Hall Ferguson Hewitt
ROBERTS, 54, retired military
veteran, died February 9 at home.
Service 2 p.m., Saturday at Jordan
Grove Missionary Baptist Church.


chef, died February 11 at home.
Arrangements incomplete.

Card of Thanks

The family of the late,


In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

09/13/1913- 02/17/2006

Seven years ago God called
you home a void remains that
will never be filled.
Survived by: daughters,
Glenise, Jean, Rose and a
host of grandchildren and
great grandchildren, very dear
and special friends, Corine,
Mamie, Runette, Van and
Miss you as if it were

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

In Memoriam

In l'., in',, memory of,

04/14/1928 02/16/2008

"Whatever My Lot", your
passing five years ago was as
catastrophic as 911 was to
the world.
You left a wife and seven
kids to move forward without
you, the patriarch of our fam-
We celebrate and honor you
because you left us with a vi-
sion, values and principles by
which to live by.
You moved on to get heav-
ens reward.
Love, your wife and children

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

05/28/1941 01/29/2013

Service was held in Web-
ster, Florida on Saturday,
February 2, 2013. Interment:
Florida National Cemetery,
Bushnell, FL.

He leaves to cherish pre-
cious memories: a loving wife,
Ruby; three children, Sandi
Foster, Rachael Perry and Mi-
chael Perry (LaQuisha); three
grandchildren, one great-
grandchild, one sister, two
brothers and a host of other
relatives and friends.

I 'o Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,


extends gratitude for all the
love received during our be-
We wish to acknowledge
the Mt. Hermon AME Church
family including, Rev. Michael
Bouie, Rev. Ronnie Bretton,
Rev. Willie Mae Williams and
Rev. Catherine Eady.
We also thank the Wright
and Young Funeral Home,
Booker T. Washington class
of 1951, Miami Dade Police
Department, Miami Carol
City Class of 1970, neighbors
of Sky Lakes condominiums,
co-workers, friends and a
devoted sister-in-law, Rose

Death Notice

-~ I

02/16/1961 06/10/1991

The Lord is gracious and
full of compassion, slow to
anger and of great mercy.
W wishing you were here
A all the good times
L loving you always
T thinking of you
E eternal life forever
R rest in peace our love
L lonely without you
E everything you were
E encamped around us
Love, The Mclain family


LEWIS, 49, driver for solid
waste, died February 9.
Service 11 a.m., Saturday
at Holy Redeemer Church.
Arrangements entrusted to
Richardson Mortuary.

As a public service to our
community, The Miami Times
prints weekly obituary notices
submitted by area funeral homes
at no charge.
These notices include: name
of the deceased, age, place of
death, employment, and date, lo-
cation, and time of service.
Additional information and
photo may be 'inclUded for a I
nominal charge. The deadline is
Monday, 2:30 p.m. For families
the deadline is Tueiday. 5 p.m.

One year ago today, you
went away to a better place.
Even though we are still
trying to process your
absence, you will forever
remain our sweetheart.
Happy Valentine's Day
The Elvine's

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

One Year Alniversary

It's been one year since you
were called home to be with
the Heavenly Father.
Your spirit still lives within
us. It's not one day that goes
by that we don't think about
you, your smile and laugh-
ter and your warm and kind
We truly miss you so mun .
Your memories just can not
completely fill the void of your
But, you will forever re-
main in our hearts.
Love Your :, ,il-



Have you forgotten so
soon about your departed
loved one? Keep them
in your memory with an
in memorial or a happy
birthday remembrances in
our oltituary section';.
305-494 ".





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- -------- -






1i 11 L'K I .\ K N I\SIAI -IR

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The Miami Times







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history. Plea^B^ ^^ I^ ff ^^ se tu ^rn o H nK B BE E LY3

Diahann Carrol

talks 'White Collar'
By Chris Witherspoon

Malcolm X's daughter

disappointed with film

Ilyasah Shabazz says her mother,
Betty Shabazz, was far from weak
The Lifetime Mro'mie fact and her mother
Network has been was not portrayed cor$.4,.-
known for making sappy rectly
chick flicks that tug at The mrno.ie featured
the heartstrings and .." a great cast iakilud-
eet the tears flo.in rt ing Angela Bassett.
This is not so tor one of Mary Ji Blge and RLby'.
their Idtest m,: ies. Bett', Dee. IlHasah Shabazz.
and Coretta it v. as- a who is the daughter
biographic, l film that of Be'ty Shabazz and
showed the friendship of Malcolm X stated that
the id.j.'.s ci Dr. Mar- while the actresses did
tin Luther Kinr;, Jr. and ILYASAH a good job. the mo'.ie
NMalcolm X The movie did not ac,:Liratel',
h, hov.e er. according to Malcolm X's show who her mother '.'.as She
' daughter. \,.as more fiction than Please turn to SHABAZZ 3C

Diahann Carroll is back on TV, guest-starring on USA's hit drama White Collar. The legend
ary actress/singer appears in a recurring role on the series as June Ellington, an elderl-.
woman with a flair for elegant fashion and a love for music. She stars alongside Matt
Bomber and Neal Cafffey on the show about a white collar criminal turned hero,
which is now in it's fourth season.
Carroll has had a successful television and film career spanning
nearly six decades, yet she revealed during an interview
with theGrio's Chris Witherspoon that she. still gets ner-
vous before delivering her lines on the set of White "I didn't think
Collar. didn't think
"Absolutely I get nervous," Carroll said. "And anyone was going to
when you don't get nervous, you're in trouble."
In 1968 Carroll became first Black woman to come along and own
star in a weekly television series on a major TV their own network that
network. She won an Emmy and Golden Globe
Award for Julia, which lasted three seasons on wasn't a white male."
NBC. -Carroll
Carroll undeniably blazed a trail for other Black -
women to appear in major TV and film roles. However
she says she never imagined that in her lifetime a Black
woman, like Oprah Winfrey, would be able to start her ,:>v n 1
television network.

Please turn to CARROLL 3C

. F -



The Amistad Rebellion

By Terri Schlichenmeyer
Miami Times writer
Author Marcus Rediker dug
deep to present a few sur-
prises in his new book, "The
Amistad Rebellion," and il-
lustrates the fact that heroes
come in all colors but are still
flawed because they are hu-
man beings. It should've been
a routine trip for Ramon Fer-
rer, captain of the Amistad.

He was hired to accept cargo,
sail it from Havana to another
port in Cuba and drop it off,
where it would be sorted and
sold. Routine, perhaps, but it
cost him his life as the cargo
- 49 men and four children
- had other ideas.
Up until then, the jour-
ney for these men and chil-
dren had been like that of
every other slave who came
through the Middle Passage:
most had been snatched by
Please turn to BOOK 3C

Clive Davis' gala is aglow with A-list sights

A year after her death, Whitney still
a presence at her mentor's party
By Edna Gundersen into a makeshift wake, the
Pre-Grammy Gala hosted
BEVERLY HILLS A by music mogul Clive Da-
year after Whitney Hous- vis recaptured its jubilant
ton's death sent shock mojo.
waves through revelers The dinner and
and transformed the party schmooze-fest, capped by

a string of top-drawer per-
formances, drew the usual
celebrity crush Saturday
to the ballroom of the Bev-
erly Hilton.
Regulars Jon Voigt,
Dianne Warren and David
Foster mingled among
luminaries from the worlds
of film (Melanie Griffith,
Johnny Depp in shades,

beret and scarf), TV (Tyra
Banks, Kelsey Grammer)
and sports (San Francisco
49ers quarterback Colin
Kaepernick), plus hordes
of music executives and
Joni Mitchell made a
rare social appearance,
sitting with Alice Cooper
Please turn to GALA 3C




, Angela Basset
Shabazz) in the

movie Betty and Coretta.

-_-_~__1 _


i .*



_ -----.P,


lebrating the sandic

- ~ ~ -~

The Banana, PB and Honey

Makes 6 sandwiches
12 slices enriched white bread
6 bananas, sliced
1 cup spiced peanut butter
(see recipe)
2 tablespoons honey
1 teaspoon sugar
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
2 ounces butter, at room
Lay out two slices of enriched white bread
on a cutting board.
Spread both slices of bread with peanut
butter. Set one aside.
Take one slice and top with sliced
bananas, then drizzle with honey. Place the
reserved slice of bread on top.
Brush top and bottom of sandwich with
room temperature butter.
If you own an electric sandwich maker
or Panini press, place sandwich inside
for 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 minutes. If you do not
have a sandwich press, place sandwich

in a saute pan on top of your stove, set at
medium heat; and cook for 3 1/2 to 4 1/2
minutes on each side.
While cooking, combine cinnamon and
the sugar in small bowl.
Remove sandwich and while still hot,
season liberally with cinnamon and sugar.
Cut in half and serve while hot.
Spiced Peanut Butter
Yield 1 cup
1 cup peanut butter
1 teaspoon salt
1 3/4 teaspoons honey
1/8 teaspoon ginger powder
1/8 teaspoon cinnamon,
Mix all ingredients together in a bowl until
well blended.
Place the peanut butter in an airtight
container and store in the refrigerator for
6 to 8 weeks.

S andwiches are a delicious, easy and I' ,
affordable way to enjoy a healthy meal .
any time of day. From satisfying meat-
and-cheese combos, to sandwiches piled high
with savory vegetables, to the many "PB and"
combinations, the possibilities for outstanding
sandwiches are limitless. But all the deliciousness
starts with one key, wholesome ingredient I
bread. Byan Voltaggio, chef
Photo courtesy of
The complex carbohydrates in bread provide Under A Bushel Photography
lasting energy that busy adults and youngsters
need on a daily basis. A big key to maximizing your energy and health is
taking a look at how you fill your plate in a balanced way. The Dietary
Guidelines for Americans and the USDA MyPlate program recommend
eating six one-ounce servings of grain foods each day, half of which
should come from whole grain sources.
To help you and your family get your "daily fix of six," The Grain
Foods Foundation has partnered with celebrity chef and sandwich
aficionado Bryan Voltaggio to create these sensational sandwiches.
To find more great sandwich recipes, visit www.gowiththegrain.org or
GoWithTheGrain on Facebook and Twitter,

Orange Cranberry Compote
Yield 1 cup
1/2 pound cranberries
I orange, quartered
1/4 cup sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt Pepper, to taste
In medium sauce pot, cook cranberries, orange
and sugar for approximately 20 minutes at a
low simmer, then stir in a pinch of salt.
Remove-pieces of orange, and pour into
blender or food processor. Puree until smooth,
then lightly season with pepper.

Sage Cream Cheese
Yield 2 cups
2 cups cream cheese, at room
15 sage leaves, finely chopped
1 garlic clove
1/2 teaspoon salt
In bowl, combine cream cheese and sage using
a rubber spatula, mixing well. Grate (or very
finely chop) garlic, adding to bowl. Season to
taste with salt.

The Pastrami Reuben

Makes 6 sandwiches
12 slices rye bread
24 ounces sliced beef pastrami
12 slices Muenster cheese, thin
1 1/2 cups sauerkraut, prepared and drained
1/2 cup Thousand Island dressing
2 ounces butter, at room temperature
Lay out two slices of rye bread on a cutting board.
Top first piece of bread with one slice of Muenster cheese, then
about 2 ounces of sauerkraut, 4 ounces (or roughly three to four
thin slices) of pastrami, and a second slice of Muenster cheese. Set
Spread second piece of bread with Thousand Island dressing,
then place on top of the other half of the sandwich.
Brush top and bottom of sandwich with butter.
If you own an electric sandwich maker or Panini press, place
sandwich inside for 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 minutes. If you don't have a
sandwich press, simply place sandwich in a saut6 pan on top of
your stove, set at medium heat. Cook for 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 minutes on
each side.
Remove sandwich and while still hot; cut in half and serve.

The Pilgrim

Makes 6 sandwiches
12 slices seven-grain bread
24 ounces turkey, sliced Orange Cranberry
Compote, as needed Sage Cream Cheese, as needed
4 tablespoons butter, at room temperature
Seasoning salt, to taste
Lay out two slices of seven grain bread on a cutting board.
Spread Orange Cranberry Compote evenly across one slice of
bread. Set aside.
Spread Sage Cream Cheese evenly across second slice of bread,
then top with about four ounces of turkey.
Place slice of bread with the Orange Cranberry Compote on top
of turkey.
Brush top and bottom of sandwich with room temperature butter.
If you own an electric sandwich maker or Panini press, place the
sandwich inside for
2 1/2 to 3 1/2 minutes. If you do not have a sandwich press, simply
place the sandwich in a saut6 pan on top of your stove, set at
medium heat, and cook the sandwich for
3 1/2 to,4 1/2 minutes on each side.
Remove sandwich and while still hot, season liberally with
seasoning salt. Cut in half and serve while hot.







B D. Richard.., t.". -

Let's congratulate Dr. Preston Guard, City of j
Marshall, for his work for over Miami Police -
20 years in organizing the Dr. on horseback, State Attorney
Martin Luther King, Jr. parade Kathy Hernandez-Rundle,
for our community. This the family of Trayvon
year's parade featured Martin, Mayor
many participants: I Carlos Giminez,
Florida Highway Patrol Commissioner Audrey
flag bearers, Justice in Edmonson, School
Motion, Miami Police Board Member
Color Guard, Miami Wilbert T. Holloway,
Police Explorers, Dr. Dorothy Bendross
the Department of Mindingall and
Corrections' Color HOLLOWAY Mayors Myra Taylor

and Carlos Hernandez. .. and displaying their
************** uniquely colorful
A parade always need costumes.
bands to inspire and **************
liven, up the crowd: Rev. D.L. Powell
The FIU Marching of New Shiloh MBC
band, Miami Carol City officiated at the
Marching 'band, Booker wedding of Althia
T Washington band, Buchanan and Dewan
Arthur Scavella and MINDINGALL Gates. The happy
the APM Band, Circle of couple were supported
Brotherhood, Dancing by numerous family
Inspirations, the Tacolcy ., and friends, including:
Red Raiders, Madison, Vera Harmon,
Allapattah and North mother of the bride;
Miami middle schools. Carol Anderson,
After two hours of a great mother of the groom;
parade, all ended with Alberta Anderson,
the colorful Bahamian grandmother of the
Junkanoos gyrating TAYLOR groom and Chester

Leroy Gates,
father of the groom.
Bridesmaids and
groomsmen included:
Melody Noel and
Arhmad Stokes; f-
Vondra Jones and
Shawn Scott; Tracy -.
Wright and Artise
Wright, Jr.; Melva EDMOI
Torian and Hugh
West; Michele Godfrey,
matron of honor and Artise
Wright, best man. The wedding
reception was held at Don
Shula's in Miami Lakes.

The Historic Hampton House
Community Trust [HHHCT] met
Feb. 4th to receive the slate of


officers presented by the
nominating committee:
Dorothy "Dottie"
Johnson, chairperson;
Dr. Richard J. Strachan,
vice president; Isabella
Rosete, secretary; Dr.
Edwin T. Demeritte,
treasurer and Dr. Enid C.
SON Pinkney, CEO. Trustees
include: Dr. Larry Capp,
Rev. Jesse Martin, Ruby
Rayford, Juanita Johnson
and Florence Strachan.
Advisory board members are
Martha Anderson, Dr. Gay
F. Outler, Arva Moore Parks,
Leslie Rivers, Harvey Ruvin,
Kathy Hersh and Dr. Mary

Kim B. Wright, Gail M.
McPhee and Fredra J.
Rhodes along with St. Agnes
Episcopal Church invite
you to visit them, Feb. 27th
at their 10:45 a.m. church
service. Their national Black
history theme for 2013 is "At
the Crossroads of Freedom

and Equality: The d
Proclamation and the March
on Washington".

Memorial Day weekend, you
are cordially invited to join
St. Cecelia's ECW chapter
for their 17th annual Scenic

Bus Tour to, Charleston,
South Carolina. If interested
call Betty Blue at 305-638-
1875, Florence Moncur at
305-638-2588 or Louise
Cromartie at 305-625-3874.

The Theodore R.
Gibson chapter -of Black
Episcopalians and the
Diocese of Southeast Florida
invite you, to participate in
their celebration of the life
and work of Absalom Jones,

Feb. 16th at 10 a.m. at the
Episcopal Church if the
Incarnation Celebrant, the
Right Rev. Leopold Frade,
bishop of Southeast Florida;
the sermon, the right Rev.
Robert C. Wright, bishop of
Atlanta, Georgia.

Get well wishes to Princess
Mildred J. Ogbu, Brenda
Eaddy, Stephanie Pitts,
Helen Austin and Louise

Whitney Houston remembered at annual gala

continued from 1C

and Paul Stanley of Kiss. Mi-
ley Cyrus, sporting a punk-
ish coif and a tattoo-revealing
black dress with sheer panels,
retreated to the patio to smoke.
Grammy nominees Frank
Ocean, Carly Rae Jepsen,
Miguel, The Lumineers, Wiz
Khalifa, Usher, Ne-Yo and
Katy Perry (with John Mayer)
showed up. Quincy Jones, The
Foo Fighters, Jill Scott, Ciara,
Brandy, Sting and wife Trudie
Styler also attended. Represent-
ing American Idol: alum Jordin
Sparks, host Ryan Seacrest
and judge Randy Jackson.
The anniversary of Houston's
death was acknowledged with
a 1991 video of the singer per-
forming All the Man That I Need.
before troops and their families
at the Naval Air Station in Nor-

-Photo: Larry Busacca
Singers Jennifer Hudson and Gladys Knight perform at
the 55th Annual Grammy Awards Pre-Grammy gala at The
Beverly Hilton on Saturday night.

folk, Va. It was from her first
solo TV concert. Davis touched
on the somber 2012 soiree and
thanked Sean "Puffy" Combs

for the healing speech he de-
livered to mourning guests. On
Saturday, Houston's brother,
Gary, and his wife Pat, who

served as the diva's manager,
sat close to the stage.
Houston's mother, Cissy, was
a no-show, telling Access Hol-
lywood last week that she con-
sidered the invitation "the most
obscene thing."
"I don't know why they would
want me to come to the party in
which she died, you know?" she
said, "Unheard of. I guess may-
be (Davis) just sent me a copy
for remembrance sake."
The pop star was 48 when
she was found dead in a bath-
tub in room 434 of the hotel
just hours before the party a
year ago (the room has been
empty and off limits since her
death). With the family's bless-
-ing, Davis, Houston's mentor,
opted not to cancel.
John Legend, attending for
the first time this year, said,
"I'm excited. It's like a music
business reunion.

'Dynasty' star talks remake

continued from 1C

"I didn't think anyone was
going to come along and own
their own network that wasn't a
white male," Carroll confessed.
"As I watched Oprah in the be-
ginning to see where she was
going with this enormous talent
that she had, I thought 'she's
very aggressive and she just
might do it.' Oprah is a genius
at what she does."
Carroll returned to television
in 1984 on ABC's prime-time
soap opera Dynasty, as the vil-
lainous millionaire Dominique

Last year rumors surfaced
that there could possibly be a
Dynasty reunion in the works,
inspired from the success of
TNT's Dallas reboot.
The Claudine star says she
would love to reprise her role on
Dynasty if the series were to be
"Yes. If it's still Dominique
Deveraux," she said. "I love that
character, she was wonderful."
She also believes that today
an all-Black cast of Dynasty
would be a big hit.
"Sure it would be possible. Do
you know how many rich Black
people there are? Why not? I
think it would be great fun."

Shabazz's depiction wrong?

continued from IC.

said the film showed her moth-.
er as a weak woman who was
insecure. Ilyasah says that her
mother was compassionate,
strong, beautiful and loving.
Betty Shabazz has had soror-
ities named after her because
she was an influential person
in the civil rights movement
and was a great inspiration
for young women everywhere.
Ilyasah says that in the movie,
even the wardrobe was wrong
and that her mother did not
dress as they showed.
While criticizing the movie,

Ilyasah said that she was not
trying to come down on the
television network, but she was
disappointed that more fact
checking was not done and not
enough was done to ensure this
was an accurate portrayal of
her mother. She believes that
Dr. King's children will not be
happy either, with the portrayal
of their mother.
You would think that when
putting a biographical movie
together, the network would
have wanted to speak to fam-
ily members to get a sense for
the character so they could ac-
curately portray them, but this
was not the case.

Beverly's favorite: "Joy and Pain"
CDTAO b C JDC-lr l-iV V b.I ic

continued from 1C

to mind.
"We Are One is a hong that
moves people and you can see
it from the stage," he said. "It
lets me know that all is well.
The song itself reminds us that
we are one family and that we
should not judge others. That's
a powerful message. Then
there's Joy and Pain. That song
simply says that both feelings
are a part of life. You can't have
mountains without valleys."

A proud father and grandfa-
ther himself, Beverly says that
when he first started singing,
he didn't anticipate the success

he would have.
"But I suspected it," he said.
"My parents encouraged me
but they also kept me in line.
If I had gotten out of hand, my
head would have been roll-
ing down the' Street. Also my
belief in Chrirt h.as helped to
keep me grounded. Today one
of my sons has become a great
drummer and has played with
me. One of my granddaughters
has developed into an amazing
singer. They make me proud."
When Beverly comes to Miamii,
this Friday at the BankUnited
Center, he will once again en-
ergize the crowd with R&B hits
that have been coming since
-1977. The concert will open
with Ledesi along with come-
dian Marvin Dixon. Beverly
may also surprise us with few

new songs, as he has recently
returned to the studio after a
long hiatus to produce a live
"We took awhile before pro-
ducing a new compilation be-
cause we weren't ready," he
said. "We aren't the kind of
band that wants -to do filler
and we had enough hits so that
we didn't have to worry about
folks forgetting us. We took
our time. That's one of the
problems with music today. I
believe you have to make mu-
sic not use machines to pro-
duce your sound. The music
from the 0Os, 70s and 80s was
part of a revolution unlike any-
thing the world had ever'seen.
That's why people enjoy Maze
so much there's a message
in our music!"

Book review: The Amistad Rebellion

continued from 1C

slave hunters (although some
had been taken in exchange
for a family member's debt),
they were crammed beneath
the deck of the ship, stacked
on shelves with little-to-no
room to move, Please turn to
often with less than three feet
of headroom. Food was scarce,
water was often denied, the
stench of bondage choked them
and many died. Of those who
did not, it was said that their
bodies sometimes never recov-
ered from the voyage.
Does author embellish the
On the moonless night of July
2, 1839, the Amistad Africans,
as Rediker calls them, had had
enough. One broke a padlock
that held them below deck and,
through the leadership of four
men from various tribes who

shared membership in a cul-
tural society, they snatched
cane knives, snuck up from be-
low and immediately killed the
ship's slave-cook who had been
taunting them for days. They
attacked other crew members,
slashed at the captain, seized
the ship and forced their Span-
ish "owners" to sail back to Si-
erra Leone.
But the surviving Spaniards
tricked the Africans and kept
the Amistad near American
shores, hoping that U.S. au-
thorities would help. And they
did which ended in a major
trial, political wrangling and
a 19th-century media circus
that changed history.
So you saw the movie and
you know all about what hap-
pened on the Amistad. But you
don't . until you've read this
Rediker does an exceptional
job in putting individual faces

on each of the ship's passen-
gers and those who assisted
them on their journey home.
We come to see their strength,
wisdom and playfulness, which
softens this story with person-
ality and turns these men into
more than just historical fig-
Rediker doesn't stop there,
but goes on to carefully explain
how the Amistad Rebellion af-
fected slavery and history in
While I liked the first two-
thirds of this book better than
the latter part, I remains an ex-
citing, horrifying, triumphant
tale overall and definitely worth
The Bookworm is Terri Schli-
chenmeyer. Terri has been
reading since she was three
years old and she never goes
anywhere without a book. She
lives on a hill in Wisconsin with
two dogs and 12,000 books.





'I msiL-l R -l I

RuPaul discusses going mainstream with show

The latest season

of Drag Race

takes advantage

of the times
By Daniel D'Addario

"RuPaul's Drag Race," the
show that helped to bring drag
culture into the mainstream,
returns for a fifth season, and
the question is: Is there any-
thing risky about drag queens
when everything from their
language to their costumes is
"I knew the window was
open. When the window was
closed, I stayed away from the
canvas," said RuPaul. "I'm a
very perceptive person you
have to be, if you live a life
people are afraid of."
The host was referring to
the climate of fear and loath-

a United Homecare
presents Safe Homes for Fall
Prevention, Feb. 13th, starting
at 10:30 a.m., at 8400 NW
33rd St. Suite 400. Call 305-
716-0710 for registration

Brownsville Transit
Village will conduct a
Swearing in Ceremony for
Council Members, Feb. 15th,
at 6 p.m., at 5225 NW 29th
Ave. Contact

Dr. Dorothy Bendross-
Mindingall presents A
Domestic Violence Workshop,
Feb. 16th, at 9:30 a.m., at

ing that existed in America
immediately following Sept.
11, during which time RuPaul
turned down several reality-
TV opportunities; the show
debuted in the first months
of the Obama administration.
"Right now," he said, "we're
experiencing that window be-
ing open, like it was in the late
1970s or early '60s. It closes,
it opens. This vernacular -
even just the idea of plays
on words, portmanteaus, or
clever pronunciations being
OK we're experiencing that
right now."
Part of that openness has to
do with growing acceptance
of gays and lesbians but
part of it may just be loopy,
fun notes in the culture at
large. (An episode last season
featured straight men dress-
ing up in drag for a day, a sort
of play on gender that would
have been difficult to imag-
ine even a few years ago.) The

1751 NW 36th

St. Call 305-

Booker T. Washington
Class of 1965 Inc will meet
Feb. 16th, at 4:30 p.m., at the
African Heritage Cultural Arts
Center. Contact Lebbie at 305-

BTW Alumni Association
Inc will meet Feb. 21st, at 6
p.m., in the BTW High School

*G.W. Carver Alumni invite
you to their Carver Alumni
Day Celebration School Tour


.4. -
-r R P A


Bush administration brought
us the deathly earnest "Amer-
ica's Next Top Model," with its
promise to improve the lives of
hardworking aspiring models.
The Obama years, at least
at first, turned the "Model"
model on its ear.
"We saw that drag was re-
ally very broad; even though it
might come out of gay culture,
it's really a parody of all pop
culture," said Fenton Bailey,

and Luncheon, Feb. 22nd at
-2:30 p.m., in the G.W. Carver
Middle School Auditorium. Call

E F. Malcolm Cunningham
Sr., Bar Association invites
you the Annual William Holland
Scholarship Luncheon starring
Judy Smith, Esq., Feb. 23rd,
at noon, at the Ritz Carlton,
100 S Ocean Blvd. Call 561-
. 655-9279.

The Bordes Kohn
Foundation Inc. presents
their Black History Celebration
Scholarship, Feb. 23rd, at 5
p.m., at the Palmetto Golf
Course, 9300 SW 152 St. Call

E Dr. Dorothy Bendross-

executive producer of the
show. Thus the show features
"Project Runway"-style cloth-
ing manufacture challenges in
which each contestant must
make an outrageous parade
float, or "American Idol"-style
sing-offs in which the queens
rip off their wigs as they lip-
sync. There's all the human
drama of the best reality TV,
with a subversive edge.
And yet despite its wrapping

Mindingall invites to a
reading of the stage play "I
Know What I Am and I Am
Not What You Call Me" by
Jonathan Spikes, Feb 23rd, at
6 p.m., at the Adrienne Arsht
Center for the Performing
Arts, 1300 Biscayne Blvd. Call

0 The 2013 Miami
National College Fair will
be held Feb. 24th, starting
at noon, at the Doubletree
Miami Mart Airport Hotel and
Convention Center, 777 NW
72 Avenue. Call 305-995-

E The Ekphrasis Project:
Inside & Out presents
Dances at the Miami Beach
Botanical Garden, Feb. 24th,

itself in irony, the series ends
up delivering narratives as
moving as those on "Ameri-
can Idol" whose current
star judge, Nicki Minaj, is a
wig-wearing, overly made-up
creature unimaginable before
drag entered the public con-
"It's a show in drag," said
Randy Barbato, another ex-
ecutive producer. "It gives you
a wink. At its heart are these
incredible artists."
Is it serious or is it ironic?
"Absolutely both," said Ru-
Paul. "Both definitions are
correct.-The show is not to
be taken seriously, and to be
taken seriously."
"Language is always look-
ing for new ways of express-
ing ideas. This speaks to the
creativity of drag. It's about
language and ideas," said Bai-
ley. "Many of the ideas used in
drag catch on because they're
valid and connect to people.

at 1 p.m., at 2000 Convention
Center Dr. Call 305-975-8489.

N The Ekphrasis Project:
Inside & Out presents
Vantage Points, March 2nd,
at 8 p.m., at the Art Center,
800/810 Lincoln Road. Call

M The City of Miami
Gardens presents a Farmer's
Market held every Sunday,
from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., at St.
Philip Neri Church, 15700 NW
20th Ave. Call 786-529-5323.

M FSVU Softball
The Fort Valley
alumni and
residents softball
are in need of help.
Ashley 786-356-9069


'Throwing shade' isn't some-
thing only a gay person can
relate to."
RuPaul isn't troubled by
the straight embrace of drag
culture, something that might
be seen as condescending by
less forgiving eyes. "I think
conservative ideas they're
spawned from a fearful mind
that believes in a limited
amount of love or resources on
this planet. Bring it on, chil-
dren, all are welcome!"
Eventually, though, the
pendulum will swing back,
RuPaul said, and drag culture
will recede in popularity and
importance. "The question is,
how long will people be able to
have fun and live it up before
they start missing fear again?
Will I retreat? Probably! The
scariest thing on this planet
are fearful people, so I'd go
back to the woods, back un-
derground! Back with my own

Miami Northwestern
Class of 1979 make a
connection. Call 786-399-

a Urban Greenworks
hosts a Farmers' Market
every Saturday until April 8th,
from noon to 3 p.m. at Arcola
Lakes Library, 8240 NW 7th

Merry Poppins Daycare/
Kindergarten now accepting
enrollment for VPK, Vouche'r
(school readiness), Infants
and grades K-3. Contact Ruby
White 305-693-1008.

Seed of Hope
Community Outreach, Inc.
offers free weekly counseling
session. Call 305-761-8878.

Tyrese Gibson pens self help book
R&B singer Tyrese Gibson, Q: So, why should anyone,
34, and Run-D.M.C.'s Rev Run, especially women, listen to
48, aka Joseph Simmons, areb you two?
here with advice for women c., - Gibson: 'Cause we know
- offering up what they call what we're talking about. We
an "uncensored look" into the have good intentions putting
male mind. Yes, scary! The this information out there, try-
two friends spoke with USA ing to protect them from making
TODAY's Craig Wilson about horrible decisions.
their new book, Manology: Run: People should read the
Secrets of Your Man's Mind book based on the fact I have a
Revealed (Touchstone, out Feb. pretty stable marriage. You can
5), explaining how women can watch it on the TV show (Run's
build a healthy relationship House, which ran on MTV from
by weeding out the "cheaters, 2005-09).
manipulators and pimps" from Q: This looks like a follow-
the good men out there. Please turn to MANOLOGY 6C

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Black male students

,: get AIDS 101 lesson

SRole models, mentors Center. Role Models Robert Parker and
Models, ment Ed Harris served as MCs for the event.
Sngage in diScuiiOn Students also learned about the latest
n e ii innovations in health care from Lesli
Sepidermic Cartaya, director of Marketing and
on iPublic Relations for Aventura Hospital.
By D. Kevin McNeir Speakers included J.D. Patterson, new
kmncneir@miamitimesonline.com director for the Miami Dade Police De-
partment, and Dwight Jackson, funeral
Students from Alonzo Mourning, director for Richardson Mortuary. Role
Hialeah and Miami Lakes Educational Model mentors later shared their experi-
Center high schools participated in an ences as part of a panel discussion.
eye-opening summit on Thursday, Feb. "We must value our own lives or we
7 that dealt with the harsh realities of will risk losing them way too soon," Pat-

-Photo credit: Kevin Lamarque
President Barack Obama fires the Extreme Marshmallow Cannon designed by Joey Hudy, left, of
Phoenix, Arizona, before firing a marshmallow across the State Dining Room of the White House dur-
ing the second White House Science Fair in Washington Feb. 7.



By Katrina Trinko

In his inaugural address last
month, President Barack Obama
re-enforced his commitment to
education and the need for a
greater focus on the areas of math
and science.
"No single person can train all
the math and science teachers
we'll need to equip our children
for the future . Now, more than
ever, we must do these things
together, as one nation and one
Last week, a bipartisan group
of senators unveiled proposals for
immigration reform that include
rewarding immigrants who re-
ceive advanced degrees in science,
technology, engineering and math
areas from U.S. universities with
green cards. Fine, put more em-
phasis on education in STEM, but
not at the sacrifice of a good liberal
arts education.
There's no doubt in our tech-
nology-driven times that we need
plenty of graduates who can tackle
such subjects. But even technology
wizards can become more innova-

tive with a solid background in
liberal arts.
Consider the late Steve Jobs, who
co-founded Apple. Jobs attended a
calligraphy class at Oregon's Reed
College. Decades later, in a 2005
Stanford commencement address,
Jobs recalled the course and said,
"It was beautiful, historical, artis-
tically subtle in a way that science

Yes, STEM is
important. But
remember what
Steve Jobs
learned from his
calligraphy class.

can't capture." Yet none of what he
learned "had even a hope of any
practical application in my life."
Even so, when Jobs was creating
the first Mac a decade after that
calligraphy class, he remembered
the lessons of that class and ap-
plied them. "If I had never dropped
in on that single course in college,

the Mac would have never had
multiple typefaces or proportion-
ally spaced fonts," Jobs recounted.
"Since Windows just copied the
Mac, it's likely that no personal
computer would have them."
Jobs isn't alone in having a
creative background: Norio Ohga,
a former president of Sony who
passed away in 2011, was an opera
singer before joining Sony full
"Ohga's love of music and keen
ear for quality audio would define
his career and play a key role in
Sony's establishment as a leading
name in the audio industry," wrote
IDG News Service's Martyn Wil-
liams, noting that Sony invented
the Walkmani and the compact
disc during Ohga's tenure.
So why is Florida proposing low-
er tuition rates for STEM students
than liberal arts majors? It's an
idea that's about as smart an in-
novation as New Coke. It would be
different if Florida were- consider-
ing changing tuition rates to reflect
a college's true cost of offering a
certain major say in liberal arts.
Please turn to MATH 6C

Celebrities team up with UNCF

targeting college-bound students

By Joseph Adams
Miami Times writer

The UNCF Empower Me Tour
came to the campus of Florida
Memorial University last Friday
with a star-studded panel that
included: activist Jeff Johnson;
actors Boris Kodjoe, Kim Coles and
Lamman Rucker all advising
students to take their place, in
the world and allow for making
mistakes. But beyond the excite-
ment of speaking to celebrities,
the packed auditorium of students
showed up looking for suggestions
for their own roadmaps to suc-
The audience was urged to
"enjoy the space to make mis-
takes," by Johnson who proceeded
to speak about his time when he
wasn't as recognizable.
"I enjoyed serving under some-
one, learning something and the
intricacies of working with people
on the ground," he said. "There's
nothing worse than seeing some-
one make the primetime who's not
Leading the panel in logical ad-
vice, Johnson and Rucker talked
about learning how to discover
one's self and recognizing the
right kinds of people with which
to surround oneself in order to ac-

-Miami Times photo/Joseph Adams
SHARING WISDOM WITH YOUTH: UNCF panelists for the Empow-
er Me Tour included: Lamman Rucker (1-r), Amir Windom, Jeff Johnson,

Kim Coles and Boris Kodjoe.
complish your goals.
The defining moment of the
discussion came when students
pulled out their pens to write
down Johnson's tidbit on having
a "starting five." The starting five
are the people around you that
influence you the most and signify
the direction in which one hopes
to move. According to Johnson
those five consist of: the strategist,
the enforcer, the gangster, the
wise guy and you.
"If you have the wrong five
you're going to be in the wrong

place," he added.
Most of the speakers noted that
students should not be afraid to
explore options as they seek their
place in the world. Kodjoe jokingly
warned the students not to move
out of their parents' home too
Now in its fifth year, the UNCF
Empower Me Tour has already
visited five cities, including Miami
and will visit four more before
the end of the academic school
year. For more information go to
www. EmpowerMeTour.org.

-Miami Times photo/D. Kevin McNeir
LIFE LESSONS: Students from the 5000 Role Models of Excellence listen
intently about ways to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS. The event, sponsored by the
5000 Role Models of Excellence, was
one of several local activities whose goal
was to educate and empower Blacks
on National Black HIV/AIDS Aware-
ness Day [Thursday]. The summit was
held at Aventura Hospital and Medical

terson said. "Your values also impact
the choices that you will make. We don't
need any more young, Black males
in jails or in hospital beds. I want to
encourage you to make choices that will
help you succeed, keep you free and in
Please turn to AIDS 6C

Too soon to celebrate

high graduation rates

Many are still not ready for to enter the workplace
upon graduation. Stu-
college and workplace dents in both camps have
high school diplomas, but
By Walt Gardner and 24 had a high school they're apparently not
diploma. But by 2010, completely ready for col-
At first glance, new 83.7 percent of those in lege or the workplace.
federal data released this the same age group had a
week showing that the high school diploma. REMEDIATION
high school graduation Yet the news is more PROBLEM
rate has risen to its high- nuanced and contro- Consider New York
est level in 35 years is versial because of two City, home of the nation's
cause for.celebration. The factors: the number of largest school district.
stagnation that charac- students who are still Despite the rising gradu-
terized the graduation required to take reme- ation rate from 46.5
rate between 1970 and dial English and math percent in 2005 to 61
2000 finally seems over. courses in college, and percent in 2011, for ex-
In 2000, 77.6 percent of the number of students ample, the percentage of
those between age 20 who are still ill prepared Please turn to GRADS 6C

Superintendent Carvahlo

speaks at NABE conference

Miami Times staff report

MIAMI Superinten-
dent of Schools Alberto
M. Carvalho was selected
as the keynote speaker
for the 2013 National
Association for Bilingual
Education (NABE) Con-
ference, which took place
at Disney's Coronado
Springs Resort in Lake
Buena Vista, Florida.
With the theme "Bilin-
gual Education: A World
of Possibilities and Expe-
riences Await You! Magic
"Bilingual educators
truly make magic hap-
pen, opening doors for
children and adults,"
said Carvalho. "It is a
moral imperative for us
to create opportunities
for bilingual learners and
offer them opportunities
to be true citizens of the
Carvalho was chosen
for this honor because of

his advocacy for high-
quality education, start-
ing in the classroom as
a science teacher, and
through his outstanding
leadership as superin-
tendent of Miami-Dade
County Public Schools -
the fourth largest school
system in the nation. Un-
der Carvalho's direction,
Miami-Dade achieved
its most impressive high
school graduation rate
ever and saw students

consistently outperform-
ing their national peers
on the 2009 National
Assessment for Educa-
tional Progress. Recently,
Miami-Dade County
Public Schools received
the Broad Prize for Urban
Education, an annual
award that honors urban
school districts across the
country that are making
the greatest progress in
raising student achieve-
ment. In the Miami-Dade
school district, 91 percent
of children come from mi-
nority families, more than
50 percent of families are
foreign born and about 75
percent speak a language
other than English at
The National Associa-
tion for Bilingual Educa-
tion is the only national
professional organization
devoted to representing
Bilingual Learners and
Bilingual Education pro-

1 - 1. 1 - -

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There's no doubting now

Versatility is clear hop, electronic and rock. Crit- sold 289,000 copies, was re-
ics took notice. So did Gram- corded in New York, which he
in 'Kaleidoscope my voters, who rewarded him says gave it an edgier vibe. His
with four nominations for the raw vocals echo both vintage
By Steve Jones album, including song of the soul crooners and rock singers.
year for Adorn, and a fifth for a The album's title is a meta-
R&B singer Miguel says his collaboration with rapper Wale, phor for life and all the choices
goal with his second album, Lotus Flower Bomb. people make.
the sumptuous Kaleidoscope "I wanted to blend (my in- "Everyone has their own
Dream, was to prove that he fluences) in a way that mir- kaleidoscope dream, and it's
was a real artist. His 2010 rored my life," says Miguel made up of all of our subcon-
debut, All I Want Is You, had (aka Miguel Jontel Pimentel), scious thought patterns and
shown he could craft a hit re- 27, via phone from the Nether- sensibilities," he says. "We are
cord, but for its 2012 follow-up, lands, where he was perform- painting our reality with our
he wanted to create a sound ing in Rotterdam. "The risk of experiences and what we be- I
that didn't cling to the usual doifig that was intriguing, but lieve in."
genre formulas. it made me a little nervous. I, While he's happy about all
Instead, he painted from a didn't know how people were the nominations, he was most
broad sonic palette including going to take it." surprised by the one Adorn got
elements of soul, funk, hip- Most of the album, which has for song.

that Miguel is an artist


"To even be considered for
that, I was like, 'Are you sure?'
Not to be a complete skeptic,
but it almost seems like the
token urban song. If it were to
win, it would be more a win for
the creative R&B that people
have missed that is now getting
more attention," thanks to art-
ists such as Frank Ocean and
The Weeknd.
L.A. native Miguel began
singing when he was 5, and
by the time he was a teen-
ager, he was writing songs
and producing music. His
tastes were influenced by his
rock-loving Mexican father
and soul-loving Black moth-
er. He was also swayed by

underground hip-hop.
He signed his first record deal
with Black Ice in 2004 and re-
corded an album that was nev-
er released. He moved to Jive
in 2007 and wrote songs for
Usher, Asher Roth and Musiq
Soulchild. He got a 2011 Gram-
my R&B-song nomination for
co-writing Jaheim's Finding
My Way Back.
He'll open for Alicia Keys on
her Set the World on Fire tour,
which kicks off March 7 in Se-
attle, and also has toured with
Mary J. Blige and Trey Songz.
"The cool thing is that we have
been able to connect with all
these different fan bases," he


.. your houseguests won't say


By Quentin Fottrell

Part I
1. "You will bolt the door
when I'm gone."
As the old saying goes,
guests, like fish, begin to smell
after three days. Turns out that
assessment may be optimistic.
A 2010 survey by travel-rental
site HomeAway.com conclud-
ed that, during the holidays.
nearly a quarter of relatives
have overstayed their welcome
after just one day. Of course,
vacation-rental websites may
have a vested interest in trav-
elers not imposing on their
friends and relatives. None-
theless, that statistic doesn't
bode well for the thousands of
households now breaking out
fresh soap and crisp linens
More than 93 million Ameri-
cans are expected to travel to
visit friends and relatives dur-
ing the year-end holiday sea-
son, according to the Ameri-
can Automobile Association.
And while many will stay in
hotels, almost 50 percent will
stay at the homes of friends
and family, according to the
2012 -December Holiday Trav-
el Survey" by travel website
TripAdvisor.com. And that is
where the problems begin.
Experts suggest laying out
firm ground rules starting
with the exit date and continu-
ing on to out-of-bounds areas.
whether pets are welcome and
where guests can smoke. That
allows the host to plan activi-
ties and know there is an end
in sight. -This is probably the
most important decision to
make before your guest ar-
rives," says Daniel Post Sen-
ning, great-great-grandson of
the grand dame of etiquette

f I

, ,f
LL^f*,.'.,. :

Emily Post, who founded the
Emily Post Institute. "The
three-day guideline is phe-
nomenally good." he says. "The
host can get through so much
more when that is already es-
2. "Some relatives are
more equal than others.7'
When the houseguest is a
family member, some surveys
suggest, dads are dearest.
Nearly 30 percent of visiting
siblings will most likely grate
on the nerves of their hosts, a
2012 HomeAway.com survey of
holiday travelers found. Adult
children (22 percent, moth-
ers-in-law (16 percent) and
even mothers Ill percent) will
likewise become a nuisance.
Fathers and fathers-in-law.
meanwhile, appear to be the
most popular (or least offen-
sive) guest, with just six per-
cent and four percent getting
complaints, respectively Add-
ing to the risk of personality
clashes: 55 percent of travel-
ers plan to spend the Decem-
ber holidays with nine or more


for granted." says ChrisYoung.
executive director of The Pro-
togol School of Washington.
Comfort and ease the hall-
marks of good hospitality -
can also be the.death knell to
a friendship, he says. "It allows
us to slack on our manners,"
he says, which can lead to
such egregious improprieties
as "teaching the host's kids
bad words, eating the last slice
of cake or hogging the televi-
3. "I'd prefer a hotel, but
your place is free."
Houseguests often hang
their coat in your closet not for
love, experts say, but for mon-
ey. It's understandable that
many people would rather stay
with family than pony up for a
hotel, given the still uncertain
economic outlook, but long-
lost friends may' be a differ-
ent story, says Ummu Bradley
Thomas, an etiquette* expert
and the founder of the Freddie
Bell Jones Modeling & Finish-
ing School in Denton, Md. "If
they phone you when they're in
town and need somewhere to
stay, chances are, it's because
you were the only local contact
that agreed to offer then room
and board."
Some folks, though, go out
of their way to avoid being a
burden. Around 15 percent
of houseguests say they will
stay in a hotel to sidestep the
strain of staying with family
throughout the holiday sea-
son, according to TripAdvisor.
com even though they pay
for the privilege, with the aver-
age hotel room in the U.S. run-
ning upwards of $150 a night,
according to American Ex-
press. Plus. travel experts say,.
Please turn to GUESTS 10D

Why do mothers and moth-
ers-in-law get such a bad rap?
"Women are generally more in-
volved in planning vacations,"
says Kathy Bertone, author
of "The Art of the Visit: Being
the Perfect Host; Becoming
the Perfect Guest." Women are
also more likely to deal with
more of the logistics of host-
ing. And consequently, they
may be more likely to interfere.
But to be fair to the guests,
hosts sometimes have unre-
alistic Norman Rockwell-like
expectations when it comes to
dealing with family wanting
everything to be perfect and
may experience heightened
anxiety about being judged by,
their guests. "The stress level
will be higher than it normally
would be, because we want to
impress," Bertone says.
One way hosts can avoid
trouble, experts say, is to set
expectations before the rela-
tives roll up with their ex-
cited kids and a barking dog.
"Guests can take relationships

Gibson partners with Rev. Run for new book

continued from from 4C

up to Steve Harvey's ad-
vice book, Act Like a Lady,
Think Like a Man. So much
Gibson: It's definitely in the
spirit of Steve's book, but ul-
timately, people will find that
instead of just being about re-
lationships between men and
women, we're talking to the
men, too. That's important.
Run: I think our book will im-
pact people in a different way.
It's two voices, two opinions.
Q: How can a woman
recognize a good man when
she. sees him? Are there

Gibson: In general, whoever
never harms you, you could n
transition. They might be fresh
out of a relationship. They
have to figure out what their
next move is.
Q: Should a woman think
she can "change" a man?
Gibson: That shouldn't be
your goal. No man wants to feel
like a fixer-up project. If a wom-
an has that intention, it should
come from love. It shouldn't be
a charity case.
Run: I believe that a woman
and a man can work with each
other to reach a goal. But to
go into it to see someone that
needs help, I'm not sure you
can change anyone. That's
God's job.

Q: What should a woman
do if she discovers her man
has cheated? Leave? For-
give? Buy new shoes?
Gibson: I think it's a heart-
ache, and everyone has a dif-
ferent threshold in responding
to these moments. I have no
general advice. Just don't dq
anything crazy. Don't own the
cheat. You have no control over
what a man is going to do.
Run: Again, I agree with Ty-
rese. You should not own the
cheat. It's not your fault. You
can show him that you're not
happy with it. You can go to
Mom's house. You can leave.
Q: What do you think is
the biggest mistake women
make when it comes to deal-

High school graduates not ready

continued from SC

students needing remediation
in reading, writing and math
in the City University of New
York community colleges in
the same period also rose. In
other words, graduation rates
are not nearly as meaningful
as they initially appear.
On the other hand, the Na-
tional Center for Education
Statistics reported that there
was a decline in the percent-
age of college freshmen who
had to take remedial classes
from 26.3 percent in 1999-
2000 to 19.3 percent in 2003-
04. However, the 2007-2008

school year saw an increase.
These fluctuations hardly in-
spire confidence.
What about students who
graduate high school and go
directly into the workforce?
Are they prepared?

The National Association of
Manufacturers estimates that
there are roughly 600,000 jobs
available for those with the
right set of advanced skills.
But employers maintain they
can't find enough qualified
workers. Their complaint is
also controversial. According
to. Peter Cappelli, professor of

management at the Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania's Whar-
ton School, "unlike a machine
part, no perfect fit exists be-
tween applicants and job re--
quirements." He says that the
skills shortage is largely the re-
sult of inadequate wages. Giv-
en the number of unemployed
workers with backgrounds in
science, technology, engineer-
ing and math, he has a point.
Then there's the matter of in-
ternational comparisons. Ac-
cording to a 2012 ranking by
the Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development,
the U.S. has slipped from No.
1 to No. 22 out of 27 developed
countries in the rate of high

ing with men?
Gibson: I think we summed it
up with that whole thing about
control, trying to mold and
shape a man.
Run: I would guess a man
needs time alone. Women want
you to do things with them. A
man needs a man cave, and
the woman needs to know that.
Q: Should she sleep with a
guy on the first date?
Gibson: If the energy and
vibe and the chemistry is right,
if that's what you feel like do-
ing, you live it up.
Run: I believe a woman
should definitely keep herself
in a position of mystery and
mystique. That's if you want
keep the dude.

for college

school graduation. However,
these rankings do not take
into account the rate of child-
hood poverty. In this regard,
the U.S. has the dubious dis-
tinction of being No.2 in the in-
dustrialized world, according
to UNICEF. Poverty is not an
excuse, but it is an explana-
tion that can't be ignored.
In the final analysis, the
meaning of the increase in the
high school garduation rate is
open to debate. If the evidence
unequivocally showed that
students who graduated actu-
ally possessed the wherewithal
to take their place in college or
career, it would be time for cel-

Rapper launches comedy
By Nellie Andreeva it follows a mis-

50 Cent is getting animat-
ed. I've learned that Fox is in
negotiations for an animated
comedy project from the rap-
per-actor (born Curtis Jack-
son), feature producer Randall
Emmett, Imagine TV and 20th
Century Fox TV. The untitled
project, loosely based on Jack-
son's childhood, is expected to
receive a pilot or presentation
order. Written by Carl Jones,


cnhievous but
boy who often
tangles with his
eccentric family
and neighbor-
Jackson, his

producing partner Andrew
Jameson, Jones, Emmett and
Imagine TV's Brian Grazer and
Francie Calfo executive pro-

5000 Role Models talk HIV

continued from 5C

good health."
Jackson used an empty coffin
to emphasize his remarks.
"Young men often get caught
up in situations that lead them
to prison or to one of these
caskets," he said. "HIV may
not kill you right away but it
will change your life forever.
This is serious. You have to be
smart and protect yourselves
at all times."
One student talked about
losing his uncle to an AIDS-
related illness and said what
hurt him most was "seeing

how a strong man withered
away to skin, bones and tubes
all over his body. I don't want.
to end up like that. He made
some bad decisions and wasn't
careful with the women in his
life. We can't make that mis-
Other panelists that spoke
honestly with the students
and addressed their concerns
included: representatives from
the City of Miami police and
fire departments; Dr. J. Arenas
Chico, M.D., Broward Medi-
cal Center; Jerome McNeil,
Nashan Photography; and D.
Kevin McNeir, senior editor,
The Miami Times. ;.

Art classes more important

continued from 5C

For instance, the education
of an- engineering major who
attends smaller classes might
cost a college more than the
education of a literature ma-
jor, who is able to attend larger
classes. That could be an in-
novative strategy to distribute
heavy college costs fairly.
i Instead, an education task
force created by Florida Gov.'
Rick Scott proposed in Novem-
ber freezing the tuition rates
for three years for "high-skill,
high-wage, high-demand" ma-
jors which suggests it will
likely benefit plenty of STEM
majors. The idea is not because
those majors are cheaper for
colleges to offer, but because

Florida wants more such grad-
uates for its workforce.
Nevermind that there's al-
ready an incentive for stu-
dents: Such graduates already
tend to have more lucrative ca-
reers than.many of their peers.
Part of technology, sure, is
the nuts and bolts, the math
and science and engineering
involved to create an actual
product from an idea. But an-
other component and this is
the part that has made recent
decades so exciting is imag-
Someone imagined a world
where phones were portable,
where an entire library could
be crammed into one small de-
vice, where people across the
globe could shoot a video or
chat in real time.

o, iEMA I[M I, rD IX J1, IV

The Miami Times



MI A ,.9 (A il,, (rf...t 1.': "..13 "

Local restaurateurs

talk customer service

What we should know as patrons

and aspiring business owners

By Tanya Jackson
Miami Times writer

Black owned establishments
wrestle with the uncertainty
of obtaining support from
the very people they try to
cater to. Black consumers
also battle with supporting
Black businesses due to their
reputation for poor customer
service. We've reached out to
some local businesses who've
sustained themselves over the
course of time which un-
doubtedly speaks to their abil-
ity to deliver customer satisfac-

tion. There are some flagship
establishments within our
community who serve as an
inspiration for their endurance
and dedication to customer
MLK restaurant, located at
2469 NW 62nd St, has oper-
ated with Leonard Johnson as
the owner since 2007 accord-
ing to manager Deborah Hard-
wick. Hardwick has been the
manager of MLK for four years
and is thoroughly enjoying her
role. When asked about her
customer service philosophy,
Hardwick stated, "The custom-

er is always right". She went on
further to say, "I was a man-
ager for a major food franchise
for over 10 years. I started
as a cashier and [eventually]
was general manager of three
chains. When new franchises
opened, I would be responsible
for training owners because of
the success of my stores."
Hardwick's roll as manager
requires coordination of the
"front" and the "back". The
front is the place where a pa-
tron's first impression is made,
'and the back (or the kitchen)
is where satisfaction will either
be determined or not. Both
play a crucial part in the cus-
tomer's ultimate decision
Please turn to CUSTOMER 10D

-Miami Times Photo Tanya Jackson
MLK restaurant owned by manager Deborah Hardwick.

Florida may

end pensions

Move would give new state

employees 401(k)-style plan

By Kathleen Haughney

TALLAHASSEE A panel of Florida law-
makers is considering a drastic overhaul to
the state's pension system that would include
eliminating the state's current pension system
and shifting new employees to a 401l(k-style
The move comes just
a week after the state
Supreme Court upheld
a 2011 law that required
public employees to con-
tribute three percent of
their pay to their retire-
ment plans. Previously.
the state fully funded the
Florida Retirement Sys-
tem, long considered a
BRODEUR perk for state employees
with low salaries.
The House Subcommittee on Government
Operations put out a draft that would close the
current pension system a defined benefit'
plan that pays a predictable amount to retirees
for life to new employees.
It would direct the State Board of Administra-
tion to create investment plans for new state,
county, school district and municipal employ-
ees hired after Jan. 1, 2014. whose pensions are
administered by the Florida Retirement System.
It would also stop new employees from collect-
ing disability benefits from the pension system.
Rep. Jason Brodeur. R-Sanford. chairman of
the House Government Operations Subcommit-
tee. said the goal was to create a more stable
retirement s. stem that wouldn't rely on taxpay-
ers to bail out future shortfalls.
"There will no longer be a blank check writ-
ten by the taxpayers." he said. adding later. "By
making a small change now, we can avoid mak-
ing drastic changes in the future."
The changes are a top priority of House
Speaker Will Weatherford. R-Wesley Chapel,
who said last year that he thought the current
plan was unsustainable for the long term and
would "come back and bite us." In August, he
requested two actuarial studies of the im-
pact and potential cost savings for the state
of switching to a 401(ki plan with and without
survivor benefits. Brodeur said he is awaiting
the studies before deciding
Please turn to PENSIONS 8D

Citizens executives pledge moderation

way, speaking to the Sun
Sentinel editorial board.
He noted the company
has "introduced some 31
coverage changes, none of ^ -)',
which were well-received."
Gilway also said fewer
employees will attend
the invitation-only State
of the Florida Insur-
ance Market Summit G
beginning Wednesday in
Amelia Island, and those who do
won't be staying at the Ritz-Carl-
ton. Instead of the host hotel, the
three representatives from the .

CEO takes more

moderate approach
By Maria Mallory White

Top executives for Citizens
Property Insurance Corp. pledged
a more moderate approach last
Tuesday that includes avoiding
lavish travel expenses and drastic
policy changes that may frustrate
"We've made some serious
missteps, in my opinion," said
CEO and President Barry Gil-

You've got mail


e-mails punctuate

government suit
By Kevin McCoy and
Kevin Johnson

Standard & Poor's planned
to issue a more accurate model
for rating mortgage-backed
securities in 2004, amid early
signs of growth in the more
risky loans that eventually
would lead to the national financial
But then an S&P analyst warned
executives the ratings giant was
losing business because.it was more
conservative than industry rivals.
The bonds' issuers paid for the rat-
ings and many institutional inves-


tors who bought
them would only
buy securities rated
AAA, which meant
they were the least
"We just lost a
huge Mizuho (mort-
-. gage-backed) deal
StMoody's due to a
Huge difference in
the required credit
Support level," the
IC HOLDER analyst wrote in
a May 25, 2004,
e-mail cited in a new civil fraud
lawsuit filed by the Department of
Justice. "This is so significant that
it could have an impact on future
S&P updated its existing rating
model in a way that wouldn't have
Please turn to S&P 8D

state-backed insurer
will check into the more
budget-friendly Quality
-. Inn.
The choice of hotels
reflects a new direction
for the state's largest
insurer. Earlier this
year, an investigation
by the state office of
ILWAY the Inspector General
found the company's
travel expenses were lavish and
"I can't afford another percep-
tion in the press that the Citi-

zens people are at it again," said
That's not the only image
adjustment on the horizon for
Citizens. Gilway acknowledged
the state's largest insurer must
do a better job communicating
with its policyholders, explaining
their coverage clearly and helping
them find affordable alternatives
to Citizens when possible.
Last year was rough for Citi-
* zens as the company racked up
negative headlines and opinion
pieces after a year of outrage over
Please turn to GILWAY 8D

The Justice Department's legal complaint against Standard
& Poor's alleges that company employees' e-mails and
other documents are evidence that the ratings agency gave
inflated ratings to mortgage-backed bond's and knowingly
misled investors about their risks. S&P disputes the govern-
ment's charges and says the e-mails have been taken out of
context and do not prove wrongdoings.
# "The fact is, there was a lot of internal pressure
!)"/ in S&P to downgrade lots of deals earlier on be-
fore this thing started blowing up. But the lead-
ership was concerned of passing off too many clients
and jumping the gun ahead of Fitch and Moody's."

.. j "With apologies to David Byrne ... here's my
version of 'Burning Down the House.' Watch
out. Housing market went softer: Cooling down.
Strong market is now much weaker. Subprime is boi-
ling o-ver. Bringing down the house."

U.S. Post Office ends Saturday delivery to save itself

By Morgan Korn

U.S Postmaster General
Patrick Donahoe announced
recently that mail delivery on
Saturday will be halted begin-
ning in August.
"The Postal Service is advanc-
ing an important new approach
to delivery that reflects the

strong growth of our
package business and
responds to the financial
realities resulting from.
America's changing mail-
ing habits," Donahoe said
in a statement. "We de-
veloped this approach by
working with our custom-
ers to understand their


delivery needs and by
identifying creative.
'ways to generate sig-
nificant cost savings."
The struggling U.S..
agency loses $25
million a day, accord-
ing to Donahoe,. Last
November the agency
reported it lost $15.9

billion for the fiscal year that
ended Sept. 20, more than triple
its loss from the previous year.
The U.S. Post Office has also
reached its $15 billion borrowing
limit with the Treasury.
The proliferation of online
banking and email has. made the
U.S. Post Office less relevant in
Please turn to POST OFFICE 8D

Avoid falling under the

By Dedrick Muhammad

If you've made financial sav-
ings a New Year's resolution,
you're not alone. A recently
released report by nonprofit
organization Corporation for
Enterprise Development finds
that nearly 45 percent of Amer-
icans lack enough savings to
cover three months' worth of
living expenses meaning
half of America currently lives
in what financial experts call
"liquid asset poverty." In prac-
tical terms, these households

lack sufficient funds to weather
through an emergency.
Though many households
that fall under this category
are technically living above the
poverty line, being liquid as-
set poor means they may be
just one crisis away from fall-
ing below that line. As stagnant
wages and high unemployment
continue to eat away at most
household incomes, it's no sur-
prise that the Journal of Clini-
cal Psychology reports that fi-
nancial savings figures as the
third most popular New Year's

'liquid asset poverty' line with luxury spending
goal this year. ideal time to check in ments and spending. Then, luxury based on the limits of
with our progress on compare your monthly spend- your own income enables you
Though most New our personal finan- ing total with your after-tax to appreciate more financially
Year's resolutions cial goals. Ideally, income. This gives you a basic responsible luxuries, such as
are forgotten in six this monthly check- idea of how much you can save movie outings and a Starbucks
months, the report .. in would become a and what luxuries you need to coffee, rather than pining after
findings above show 7 regular routine that cut out. outrageously priced goods that
that most of us liter- continues through- Don't assume that luxury would be a serious drain on
ally can't afford to let out the rest of the necessarily means "expensive" your income and a detriment to
our financial plans go year. or "extravagant" any non- your wealth building.
off-track so quickly. MUHAMMAD First, go over your essential spending that puts Also, consider putting your
Liquid asset poverty monthly expenses for a strain on your budget is a savings in autopilot by hav-
may determine who stays in January. .Paying all your bills luxury, whether it's a Netflix ing your money deposited from
poverty, who moves up and through a bank account or subscription or a gym mem- your checking account to a
who falls behind. As the second debit card offers an easy track bership. Developing more re- dedicated savings account. If
month of 2013 starts un. it's an record of your monthly bill nay- alistic expectations around Please turn to POVERTY 8D







U.S. post office jobs cuts threaten Blacks middle class

What does the government's cost

cutting methods
By Mary Wisniewski

While delivering mail on Chi-
cago's North Side, Lakesha
Dortch-Hardy spoke about how
much she loves her job at the
U.S. Postal Service, and how
much it would hurt if jobs such
as hers were to disappear.
"There would be no middle
class without these jobs it'
would either be rich or poor,"
said Dortch-Hardy, a tall, en-
ergetic 38-year-old, who took
long strides as she wheeled her
cart along a row of two and
three-story brick apartment
The cash-strapped U.S.
Postal Service has eliminated
168,000 jobs since 2006, and
more cuts could result as it
struggles to avoid its own "fiscal
cliff." As the U.S. honored Mar-
tin Luther King's civil rights
legacy, many Black workers
may be facing new obstacles to
achieving and maintaining a
middle-class life style.
Blacks represent 13.1 percent
of the U.S. population and 11.6
percent of the labor force, ac-
cording to a 2012 U.S. Depart-
ment of Labor report. Nearly
one in five Black workers hold
government jobs such as mail

mean for us
clerks, firefighters and teach-
ers, the report said.
"There's a long tradition of
the public sector being more
friendly, or less hostile, to Black
workers," said Robert Zieger,
emeritus professor of history
at the University of Florida in
Gainesville. "The Post Office is
the best example."
Blacks make up about ..20
percent of U.S. Postal Service
workers and are the ma-
jority in some urban centers,
representing 75 percent to 80
percent of the 5,000 letter car-
riers in the Chicago area, ac-
cording to Mack Julion, presi-
dent of the Chicago branch
of the National Association of
Letter Carriers.
But the public sector has
cut nearly 600,000 jobs since
2009, due to shrinking gov-
ernment budgets and a range
of other issues, according to
the Bureau of Labor Relations.
The slower recovery for Blacks'
in the labor market has, in
part, been the result of gov-
ernment layoffs after the end
of the recession was declared,
according to the DOL report.
In December, the Black unem-
ployment rate was 14 percent,
roughly double that of whites.


An employee loads flat trays onto a truck at the U.S. Postal Service processing and distri-
bution center in Merrifield, Va. The USPS, which is projecting a $14.1 billion loss this fiscal
year, is discussing restructuring options with potential advisers.

While some other sectors of
.the economy are seeing recov-
ery, the biggest problems may
be just beginning for the Post

Office, the nation's second-
largest civilian employer after
Wal-Mart with about 536,000
career workers.

The Postal Service has been
hurt by a switch to electronic
mail from paper communica-

tion, as well as onerous retiree
payments to the government.
Last week, the Postal Ser-
vice Board of Governors met to
discuss a range of cost-cutting
measures to strengthen the
service's finances following the
loss of a staggering $15.9 bil-
lion in fiscal year 2012.
The Postal Service, self-fund-
ed by postage sales, blames
most of the losses on a pre-
funding requirement enacted
by Congress in 2006 that re-
quires it to make annual pay-
ments of nearly $5.5 billion in
health benefits for future retir-
The U.S. Congress has not
been able to agree on legisla-
tion to overhaul the agency.
The postmaster general has
proposed eliminating Saturday
mail delivery, closing some fa-
cilities and changing its benefit
payment obligations, but con-
gressional approval is needed
for the more significant mea-
With no action by Congress,
the postal service is losing $25
million a day, by some esti-
mates, and could run out of
money by October.
"I'm afraid that Congress is
going to fiddle while the Post
Office burns," "said Philip Ru-
bio, assistant professor of his-
tory at North Carolina A&T
State University in Greensboro.

State to end pensions for defined benefit plan

continued from 7D

whether to move on the bill.
But the proposal drew im-
mediate fire from employee
groups, who noted that the
state's $127 billion retire-
ment fund which covers
623,000 current employees
- is one of the best-rated in
the country. For the last few
decades, it has been either
fully funded or just shy of
100 percent funding.
"The plan is getting bet-
ter," said Rich Templin, ex-
ecutive director of the state
chapter of AFL-CIO.
The current system bas-

es employees' pensions on
such factors as years of ser-
vice, pay rate and the type
of job. For example, police
officers and firefighters get
a higher benefit because -of
the risk they take on the job.
Brodeur said the committee
is still working on what type
of extra disability or death
benefits would be available
to public safety workers.
, Under a 401(k)-type plan,
the state would make an an-
nual per-employee payment
and could require that it be
matched by an employee.
The contributions would be
invested in the stock mar-
ket, and retirement benefits

would ultimately depend on
how the market performed.
However, the plan would
also be "portable," mean-
ing that employees who left
their state jobs after a few
years could take the plan
with them. Today, workers
who leave with less than 10
years essentially sacrifice
their state benefits.
Brodeur said the meet-
ing Thursday was purely a
workshop to let employee
groups know "where my
head's at."
The potential loss of extra
pension and disability pay-
ments for police and fire-
fighters is of major concern

to those two groups.
Doug Watler, a district
vice president from Broward
County for the Florida Pro-
fessional Firefighters As-
sociation, said that many
firefighters go into the dan-
gerous profession knowing
the pension system provides
a "safety blanket" to ensure
that their family members
are taken care of if they are
killed or badly injured on
the job.
The potential changes
might make new employees
think twice.
"The last thing you want
to have is hesitation with
our profession," he said.

Standard and poor denies any wrongdoing

continued from 7D

a major impact on bond is-
suers, according to the
complaint filed late Monday
against the world's largest
ratings firm.
The more accurate S&P
model "was never released,"
government lawyers charged
in the lawsuit, the first ma-
jor federal action filed against
the ratings industry.
The lawsuit widens Wash-
ington efforts to hold finan-
cial firms accountable for
the financial crisis. The le-
gal complaint cited a string
of similar e-mails and other
examples in alleging that
S&P defrauded investors of
billions of dollars by issuing
falsely glowing appraisals
that produced record profits
for the firm.
S&P has long proclaimed
that its ratings were inde-
pendent. But government
lawyers charged the apprais-
als were instead tainted by
conflicts of interest and weak
or deliberately inadequate re-
search all part of the firm's
drive to reap higher profits by
pleasing bond issuers at the
expense of investors.

Investigators found evi-
dence of more than $5 billion
in losses suffered by federally
insured financial institutions
from mortgage-backed bonds
S&P rated from March to Oc-
tober 2007, just before the
crisis exploded.
"During this period, nearly
every single mortgage-backed
collateralized debt obligation
that was rated by S&P riot
only underperformed, but
failed," Attorney General Eric
Holder said at a Wdshington
news briefing. "Put simply,
this conduct is egregious,
and it goes to the very heart
of the recent financial crisis."
S&P denied any wrongdo-
ing and said the lawsuit was
Defense attorney Floyd
Abrams spent months talk-
ing with government lawyers
in an unsuccessful bid to
avoid a lawsuit.
He argued that the Fed-
eral Reserve, Treasury De-
partment and Securities
and Exchange Commission
- as well as rival credit-rating
firms similarly misjudged
the financial risk mortgage-
backed securities posed be-
fore the crisis.
"When all those entities,

whose probity is not at issue
and is not being questioned
by the Department of Jus-
tice, had the same views, the
idea that Standard & Poor's
didn't believe what it was
saying seems preposterous,"
Abrams said.
However, e-mails and other
internal communications cit-
ed in the 118-page complaint
filed late Monday in Los An-
geles federal court paint an
embarrassing if incomplete
picture of S&P, a unit of Mc-
When the firm circulated
details of plans to require
"market insight" from invest-
ment bankers and investors
about changes in ratings cri-
teria in 2004, one senior ana-
lyst complained. "Are you im-
plying that we might actually
reject or stifle 'superior ana-
lytics' for market consider-
ations? Inquiring minds need
to know," the analyst wrote.
The plan was implemented
without any response to the
In a February 2005 e-
mail, an S&P executive
stressed the need to poll
some issuers of investments
linked to potentially risky
mortgages to gauge their tol-

erance for proposed revisions
to analysis procedures that
could make it tougher to win
top ratings. "This looks too
much to me as though we
are publicly backing into a
set of levels driven by our cli-
ents," one company analyst
In March 2007, an S&P
analyst sent an e-mail to co-
workers that included a paro-
dy of the Talking Heads song
Burning Down the House:
"Watch out. Housing market
went softer. Cooling down.
Strong market is now much
weaker. Subprime is boi-ling
o-ver. Bringing down the
Minutes later, the analyst
e-mailed a follow-up: "For ob-
vious, professional reasons
please do not forward this
song. if you are interested, I
can sing it in your cube ;-)."
Government lawyers "cher-
ry-picked" a non-representa-
tive smattering of embarrass-
ing e-mails and messages,
Abrams said. "We will be pre-
senting the norm, a fair pic-
ture of the day-to-day effort
of hundreds and hundreds of
people at Standard & Poor's
just trying to get it (securities
ratings) right," he said.

Insurance carrier makes major spending cuts

continued from 7D

rate increases, a home rein-
spection debacle and pull-
backs on discounts for storm-
The Sun Sentinel was
among the first stops in a
pre-session goodwill tour at-
tended by Gilway, Chairman
of the Board Carlos A. Lacasa
and director of legislative and
external affairs Christine
Ashburn before, lawmakers
begin their work March 5 in

Gilway's preaching modera-
tion heading into what prom-
ises to be a contentious ses-
sion, as lawmakers wrestle
with how to fix the embattled
insurance carrier. With the
risk of a major storm loom-
ing, state leaders are looking
for the company to shed poli-
cies as quickly as possible.
As of Nov. 30, Citizens has
197,009 policies in Broward
and 137,292 in Palm Beach.
Last year, the company's
"depopulation" efforts result-
ed in some 277,000 fewer pol-
icies on Citizens' books. Fully

45 percent of that figure were
homes in the three counties
of South Florida, with homes
in Miami-Dade representing
a 40 percent chunk of the tri-
county business.
Meanwhile, however, the
company continues to write
8,000 new policies each
week. Currently, Citizens
holds some 1.3 million poli-
cies. Lawmakers have been
vocal about slashing the bil-
lions in risk associated with
Citizens' large policy load.
Sen. David Simmons, R-Al-
tamonte Springs, has already

convened his Banking and
Insurance Committee twice
this month to hear ideas
about how to cut policies at
Gilway, who joined the em-
battled company in June
2012, is intent on moving
Citizens back to its originally
intended status of insurer of
last resort. Lacasa said Citi-
zen's board members back
those efforts, while also not-
ing that "we have [political]
masters. We don't make the
policies. We only execute

US Airways raises fares

due to demand increase

By TheA .%_,. / Pd,iP ,: %

US Airways re-
ported on Wednesday
that its net income
doubled :n the fourth
quarter from a year
earlier, arid its exec u-
tives said strong pas-
senger demand for the
airline could lead to
higher fares
Fewer empty seats
made the difference in
the last three months
as revenue set a re-
Airlines success-
fully raised fares fike
times last year but
have struggled to do
so lately. Two attempts
led by United: Airlines
this month failed after
other airlines did not
match the increases
For LIS Airways. one
measure of fares,

called passenger
yield, the average fare
paid per mileage, de-
clined slightly in the
fourth quarter
The US Airways
president. Scott Kirby.
noted that full planes
and improved demand
typically, lead ti fare
increases There were-
fewer empty seats in
the final quarter of'
2012 occupancy,
rose two percentage
points to- 83.9 per-
cent. January book-
ings are up S percent
from a year ago. Kirby
"While it's taking
some time,' I expect
that this strong en-
vironment will lead
to improving \ields
across the indus-
try," Kirby said in
a conference call

with analysts.
Even without
higher fares, having
more passengers in-
creased US Airways
profits Revenue for
each seat flown one
mile an important
performance indica-
tor for airlines rose
2.2 percent. US Air-
wa"s' net income for
the quarter was $.37
million, or 22 cents
a share, compared
w ith $15 million, or
11 cents a share a
year earlier Exclud-
ing onetime items, net
income kas 26 cents
per share, seven cents
higher than analyst
forecasts, according
to FactSet
Revenue rose 3.9
percent compared
with a ,year earlier, to
$3.28 billon.

Reduce spending, start saving

continued from 7D

you only move money
into your savings ac-
count whenever you
feel financially com-
fortable, you prob-
ably won't be saving
enough. Move the
money over to savings
automatically, and
you'll be less likely to
miss what you don't
Certain banks' and
credit unions also al-

low these automatic
deposits to be reported
as on-time payments,
helping boost your
credit score.
Aim to place 10 per-
cent to 20 percent of
your after-tax income
into your savings ac-
count. If your salary
is lower and you have
a harder time covering
basic expenses, you
may only be able to af-
ford to save around 10
The more you make,

the more you should
be striving to save
closer to 20 percent of
your salary.
Finally, as with any
resolution, don't get
discouraged if you slip
up and have a bad
Focus on meeting
your budget goals for
the month after, and
keep setting smaller,
short-term objectives
for yourself'to help you
tackle your bigger sav-
ings goals.

Postal Service's drastic change

continued from 7D

today's digital age. U.S.
mail volume totaled
159.9 million pieces
last year, a five percent
decline from 2011.
The AP reports that
ending Saturday deliv-
ery will save USPS $2
billion annually. The
237-year-old agency
will continue to deliver
packages six days a
Contributions to the
employee pension fund
and future retiree
health benefits have
also contributed to
the agency's financial
problems. The agen-
cy has taken various
measures over the last
two years to reduce
its financial hardship:

consolidating 70 of its
mail processing facili-
ties; reducing hours
at many Post Office
retail locations; merg-
ing plant facilities,
and laying off nearly
60,000 career employ-
Last April the Sen-
ate approved a bill that
would allow the U,S.
Postal Service to of-
fer early retirement to
100,000 postal work-
ers, about 18 percent
of the agency's work-
force. This would have
allowed the agency to
recoup more than $11
billion it had previous-
ly paid to an employee
pension program, ac-
cording to The New
York Times. The Sen-
ate refused to cut Sat-
urday delivery as a

means to trim expens-
es. The House did not
act on the Senate bill.
The Daily Ticker's
Henry Blodget and
Aaron Task offer dif-
ferent perspectives on
the USPS news. Henry
says "it's about time"
the U.S. Post Office cut
Saturday service, not-
ing that if the agency
was a corporation, this
move would have been
made years ago. He ex-
pects an outcry from
Congress and the pub-
lic about the Saturday
delivery announce-
ment, but doubts few
Americans would pay
more in taxes so they
can read their freshly-
delivered magazines
and shopping cata-
logues over the week-




identifying job opportunities the educatiofi
Identifying job opportunities in the education field

By Chuck Cohn

Since 1947, the U.S. has.
averaged a GDP growth rate of
3.25 percent. In more recent
years, that percentage has
decreased and the country is
projected to average a growth
rate of a mere one percent over
the next six months. Although
there is great debate over the
current state of the economy,
it would appear that there is
no big turn-around in near
With the U.S. unemployment
rate hovering around eight
percent, it remains uncertain
how many people will eventu-
ally find a job, and how many
will simply stay unemployed.
Research has shown that,
unfortunately, a fair number
of these citizens still face great
difficulties in finding employ-
ment. More than 40 percent
of those unemployed are

considered to be "long-term
unemployed," meaning they
have been out of work for over
six months. Careers every-
where are being put on hold
or deprived of any chance to
start at all. The major ques-
tion is: where can opportuni-
ties be created? To many, it is
seemingly impossible at this
point to produce a significant
number of job openings in the
aftermath of such a strong
economic crash. Yet, we are
not done searching for solu-
One area that shows great
promise is private education.
The U.S. private education
industry is one that has grown
with great consistency over the
past decade and as of 2012,
educational tutoring in the
U.S. has been estimated to
be a $7 billion per year in-
dustry. Companies are taking
note of this opportunity. For

-Official Department of Education Photo by Leslie Williams
Secretary Duncan talks with students during a tour of
Richmond Community High School

example, when it was founded
in 2007, Varsity Tutors had
the benefit of kicking off in the
midst of this growth surge.
It began with just two tutors
from Washington University in
St. Louis and gradually grew
to become a leading tutoring

service with over 1,750 tutors
and 70 employees nation-
wide. Many other educational
services have modest origins
and over time grew into
sizable employers.
But even with the advanta-
geous growth in this field,

educators' jobs still have not
been totally safe. Although
teaching for public educa-
tion was once seen as a stable
career choice, it is rapidly
shedding its ranks. Since the
end of the recession in 2009,
approximately 300,000 educa-
tion jobs have been eliminat-
ed. As of 2011, two-thirds of
all districts were planning on
letting employees go and indi-
vidual districts such as Detroit
or New York were waiving
close to 5,000 teachers each.
Pennsylvania alone lost 14,000
school-related jobs that year.
Coupled with these massive
layoffs is the inevitable in-
crease in class sizes across the
country. This need to accom-
modate the trimming of teach-
ing staffs caused the national
student-teacher ratio to grow
4.6 percent from 2008 to 2010.
With classes continuing to get
bigger, a lack of individual-

ized attention for students in
the learning environment has
become a recurring problem.
Subsequently, this has inten-
sified the need and demand for
educational services like one-
on-one tutoring and digital
self-guided learning products
like Khan Academy.
Private education compa-
nies, particularly labor-in-
tensive educational services,
will continue to create new
products and services to better
meet consumer demand and
subsequently create much
needed jobs in the U.S. While
the drivers increases in
class sizes and an ever more
competitive college admissions
landscape aren't the sort
of trends for which one would
hope, the huge job creation
occurring among many private
educational 'firms certainly is
a positive employment trend
worth noticing.

IRS vows faster help in identity-theft cases Digital album sales surge

MOTB WOrkers assi ned to
fast rowin roble
m have been trained to aid crime wave RS CDs slowly fade away

By Kevin McCoy

The Internal Revenue Ser-
vice on Thursday pledged to
provide swifter help to hun-
dreds of thousands of frus-
trated Americans victim-
ized by tax fraud through
identity theft.
"I want you to know that
we understand your frus-
tration, and we're work-
ing hard to get your cases
resolved as quickly as we
can," said acting IRS Com-
missioner Steven Miller as
he announced the federal
tax agency's latest efforts
to combat the fast-rising
It won't be easy.
The IRS caseload in-
volving victims whose sto-
len Social Security num-

, bers were used by thieves cases during the last calen-
to collect unwarranted dar year but still has just
tax refunds soared to under 300,000 similar cas-
449,809 in 2012, up more es pending, said Miller.
than 80 percent from the "We still are challenged
previous year, National by our inventory, and folks
Taxpayer Advo- --- are waiting
cate Nina Olson longer than
reported to Con- ..- they should
gress last month. expect to," he
And victims said. "This is
routinely need to 44 going to im-
wait more than / | prove over the
six months and l next year."
speak to multiple The IRS as
.IRS employees of late 2012
before their is- had more than
sues are resolved, 3,000 employ-
reported Olson, STEVE MILLER ees working
who heads an on identity-
independent office within theft-related issues, more
the IRS. than- double the 2011
The IRS resolved more count, Miller said. An ad-
than 500,000 identity-theft ditional 35,000 employees

victims and help taxpayers
recognize identity-theft in-
dicators, he said.
After absorbing federal
budget cuts during the last
two fiscal years, the IRS
has reassigned workers
from other jobs to help with
identity-theft response.
The shifts affect other
work, said Miller, but were
needed because "identity
theft in its pernicious na-
ture threatens the IRS as
an enterprise" by under-
mining taxpayer confi-.
He issued the victim aid
pledge at the start of the
annual federal tax-filing
season while updating IRS
efforts to block fraudu-
lent tax refunds related
to identity theft and stop
the thieves behind the

The IRS blocked issu-
ance of more than $20 bil-
lion in fraudulent refunds
in fiscal 2012, up from $14
billion the year before, the
agency reported.
Working with federal,
state and local authori-
ties, the IRS in January
took action against 389
suspects in identity-theft-
related actions, including
'109 arrests and 189 indict-
ments, said Miller. A simi-
lar effort in January 2012,
the start of the continuing
crackdown, resulted in ac-
tion against 105 suspects.
The IRS hasn't controlled
the crime wave yet, Miller
said, but he added, "The
more barriers we put up
... the more likely it is that
criminals will turn else-

By Edna Gundersen

Music s digital revolu-
tion maV- not be ,iour fa-
ther s vinyl shop. but it's
nrot just a youth quake
The takeover has
spread so widely that
in 2012, for the first
time in history digital
stores became the pri-
mary outlet for buying
albums, eclipsing mass
merchants that had
been the leading sales
sector for the pre ious
fie years.
Booming digital sales
this month suggest the
shift is broadening more
dramatically 'Atthe be-
ginning of .Januar., we
used to see a huge surge
of phy,,sical sales (fIrom
cash giftsl, says Keith

CauJfield Blilboard's
associate director of
charts, retail. 'Non ev-
eryone has ilunes gift
cards, and moms and
grandparents got their
first iPads and iPhones
So Grandma is down-
loading Susan Boyle."
In the album format,
digital umpedd six per-
cent in 2012, though
fans favor the physical
version Last year, 193
million CDs were sold
\s 11S milbon digital
albums, according to
Nielsen SoundScan's
xear-end data. While
sales at digital 'servic-
es outpaced those at
mass merchants, they
were far exceeded by
the combined sales of
physical albums at all

Facebook climbing out of the red

Up 78 percent from low, stock

approaches IPO price, to investors

By Matt Krantz

In a dramatic about-face,
Facebook (FB) stock has
transformed from Wall Street
weakling into one of the mar-
ket's emerging stars.
Shares of the social-media
company are on a tear, blast-
ing through the $30 level this
week to close at $31.30 last
Thursday. Facebook shares
have rocketed more than 78
percent from their low notched
on Sept. 4, 2012, and are up
almost 18 percent this year
Investors are realizing that
many of their worst fears
about the company, fanned by
a poorly handled initial public
offering last year, are slowly
becoming advantages as the
company finds new ways to
turn its massive audience into
"It's a new year for Face-
book," says Arvind Bhatia 'at
Sterne Agee. Facebook stock
"has been a strong performer."
The sharp and sudden jump
in Facebook's shares has tak-,
en many investors by surprise,
as doubts about the company's
ability to compete in a world
dominated by mobile devices
rose. Doubts are being si-
lenced by:
High hopes over the com-



pany's mysterious meeting
next week in Silicon Val-
ley. The most recent spike in
the stock is being fanned by
the company's enigmatic an-
nouncement about a Jan.' 15
event. Analysts are torn on
what it might be.
An up-
date to the
mobile Face-
book apps for
smartphones .
and tablets
is a possibil-
ity, says Co-
lin Sebastian
of Robert W. SEBASTIAN
Baird. Bha-
tia, though, suspects Facebook
might announce a search fea-
ture that will position it to take
a bigger piece of the online ad-
vertising market.
SOptimism about the com-
pany's fourth-quarter profit.
Facebook is expected to re-
port its quarterly performance
on Jan. 30, 2013, and inves-
tors are looking for positive
news. Analysts are calling for
the company to earn 15 cents
a share on an adjusted basis,
up from the 12 cents a share
the company reported on an
adjusted basis in each of the
previous two quarters,
Using official accounting

rules, Facebook is expected
to earn two cents a share, re-
versing quarterly losses on the
same- basis the previous two
quarters. "Investors are look-
ing for companies with positive
momentum going into 2013,"
Sebastian says.
Strength of the stock off the
bottom. Facebook shares were
due for a rebound since they
were beaten down so badly,
Sebastian says. The stock's
-low of $17.55 set in September
was a culmination of doubts
about how the stock would re-
act to the massive lockup ex-
pirations, which allowed early
investors and employees to sell
after the IPO, he says. Also,
questions about the company's
mobile strategy were a prob-
lem. Both concerns have been
put to rest, Sebastian says.
Even so, the stock is yet to re-
gain its $38-a-share May 2012
IPO price, meaning that early
investors are still in the red.
And while shares are down
about 20 percent from the IPO
price, they're still not cheap.
The company has a market
value of more than $65 bil-
lion and trades for 158 times
its trailing earnings per share
excluding special items, says
S&P Capital IQ. Rival Google
trades for 23 times earnings
on that basis.
But with Facebook's pros-
pects brightening, the stock
"looks like it still has upside,"
Sebastian says.

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requires a strong, unwavering commitment from us all. And we look forward to
being a good neighbor for many years to come.

V isit uEin yourneighohodot -


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Social Security checks get replaced by cards

By Susan Tompor

Like it or not, many seniors
have a few more jobs to do when
it comes to Social Security -
including signing up for direct
deposit or hitting the computer.
Still collecting a paper Social
Security check? Get ready to
make a change soon.
The paper check is supposed
to go away by March. People
still receiving checks can sign
up for direct deposit or a Direct
Express Debit card.
Roughly five million people
nationwide continue to receive
paper checks.
States with the highest num-
bers of paper checks include
California, New York, Texas,
Florida, Ohio, Pennsylvania,
Michigan and North Carolina.
There may be a little wig-
gle room, but Social Security
would like people to willingly
give up those paper checks.
Walt Henderson, director of
the electronic funds transfer
strategy division for the U.S.
Treasury, said seniors who are
receiving paper checks and
don't make a switch by March
could receive letters offering as-
sistance in changing to direct,
deposit or the debit card.
"We will not interrupt pay-
ments if a person does not com-
ply, nor will we switch a pay-
ment method automatically,"
Henderson said.
Henderson noted that 11 mil-
lion paper checks were sent
out each month as of two years
ago, so the number has already
been cut by more than half.
Sure, many older people love
going to the bank. But before

anyone starts grumbling, it's
good to know that seniors born
on or before May 1, 1921, can
still receive that paper check if
they want it.

Even so, many seniors say di-
rect deposit is the way to go.
The Direct Express Debit
card is designed for people who
do not have bank accounts or
what some call the unbanked.
The Direct Express card has
been used by more than three
million people since it was in-
troduced in June 2008. About
two-thirds of those people did
not have bank accounts when
they signed up for the card.
How do you make a switch?,
Call 800-333-1795 or visit
www.GoDirect.org. Or if you
have an account at a bank or
credit union, go there to sign
up for direct deposit.
Some consumers could save
$5 a month or more in check-
ing fees that's $60 or more
a year if they sign up for di-
rect deposit for Social Security
The GoDirect.org site shows
a countdown clock for how
many days, hours, minutes
and seconds are left for paper

Some exceptions exist to still
receive a paper check but you'd
need to request a waiver in
those cases, say if Social Se-
curity recipients live in remote
areas without sufficient bank-
ing infrastructure or if elec-
tronic payments would impose

* -.1

/ N

-Photo: Bradley C. Bower, AP
Social Security paper checks to be going away by March.

a hardship due to a mental im-
pairment. Waiver applications
can be requested by calling
The Treasury Department
said about 93 percent of Social
Security and SSI payments
are being made electronically
nationwide. If you're retiring
or applying for Social Security
now, you receive benefits elec-
tronically. No checks.
The estimate is that con-
verting the remaining paper
checks to electronic payments
will save taxpayers $1 billion
over 10 years.

Social Security cut office
hours but expanded online
services. Social Security offic-
es close at noon every Wednes-
day, because of cutbacks. Offic-
es also are closing 30 minutes

earlier on other weekdays and
are now open 9 a.m.-3 p.m.
But many services, includ-
ing applying for benefits, can
be done online at www.ssa.gov.
Social Security is promoting
what's called a "my Social Se-
curity" online account to cover
some services, too. It's now
possible to get an official bene-
fit verification letter instantly if
you create an online account.
An official benefit verification
letter can offer proof of income
when someone applies for a
loan or mortgage. It also can
offer proof of income when ap-
plying for assisted housing and
state or local benefits.
Social Security stopped
mailing all annual paper
statements to update those
still working about their esti-
mated future benefits back in
October because of the budget


If you opt for a Direct Ex-
press Debit card, pay atten-
tion to the fees One free ATM
withdrawal is allowed each
month on the Direct Express
Debit MasterCard Additional
ATM withdrawals are 90 cents
To get one tree ATM withdrawal.
consumers must go to ATMs
in the network. Thai network
includes ATMs at Comerica
Bank, Charter One, PNC Bank,
Privileged Status, Alliance One,
the MasterCard ATM Alliance
and MoneyPass
Plenty of bank names aren't
in the network. And it could
cost up to $3 or so a pop to get
access to your Social Security
money at some ATMs if you go
out of the network. Many ATMs
in the network are at drugstores
and elsewhere See www usdi-
rectexpress com to learn about
the fees
Plus, consumers can use
the card for purchases and
get cash back for free at many

situation, according to Doug
Nguyen, deputy regional com-
munications director for the
Social S6curity Administration
in Chicago.
But it's possible to get state-
ments online.
"Given our significantly re-
duced funding, we have to find
innovative ways to continue to
meet the needs of the Ameri-
can people without compro-
mising service," Michael J. As-
true, Commissioner of Social
Security, said in a statement.



By Paul Davidson and
Barbara Hansen
The nation's economy and
job-creating engine will start
to purr later this year as busi-
ness activity picks up more
than offsetting federal govern-
ment cutbacks, predict econo-
mists surveyed by USA TODAY.
After starting the year slow-
ly, the economy will shift into
a higher gear this summer
and then grow for the next
nine months at the fastest
pace in three years, according
to the median estimates of 46
"I think we're really on the
verge of this becoming a self-
sustaining recovery," says
Richard Moody, chief econo-
mist at Regions Bank.
The economists expect av-
erage monthly job gains of
171,000, with the pace quick-
ening late this year. They ex-
pect unemployment to fall
from 7.9 percent to 7.5 per-
cent by year's end. In October,
economists surveyed predict-
ed average monthly gains of
Several said they raised
their forecasts in part after
the government this month re-
vised up its estimate of aver-
age monthly job growth from
153,000 each of the past two
years to 175,000 in 2011 and
181,000 in 2012.
The revisions reflect a job
market that's expanding more
rapidly than previously be-
lieved, Moody says.

How to be more hospitable

continued from 6C

some hotels in popu-
lar winter destina-
tions increase their
rates during the holi-
day season."In some
cases, it's better to get
a hotel room," says
author Kathy Ber-
tone. For those who
do decide to stay with
their hosts, she says,
guests on a tight bud-
get can show their
gratitude by offering
to cook their hosts a
meal or even to order
a pizza.
But plenty of people
forgo hotels not just to
save money, but also
for the simple joy of
it. One person's free
room for a night is an-
other person's cultur-
al exchange program,
Bradley Thomas says.
Case in point: One
online community,
Couch Surfing. com,
has a membership list
of five million people

who choose to sleep
in, random homes for
free in over 9,700 cit-
ies around the world.
which went public in
2004, envisions "a
world where everyone
can explore and cre-
ate meaningful con-
nections with the peo-
ple and places they
encounter," according
to its website. The up-
side: If it goes horri-
bly wrong, you never
have to see the person
again, Bradley Thom-
as points out. If it all
goes swimmingly, on
the other hand, you've
made a new friend.
4. "The service
around here stinks."
A place to rest is not
the only free gift hosts
bestow on their guests
at Christmas. Cook-
ing and cleaning is a
time-consuming and
expensive business.
And that's even before
you account for the
cost of doing the laun-

dry. Just over a quar-
ter of hosts say the
most annoying habit
of guests is not help-
ing with cooking, ac-
cording to HomeAway.
com. "Some guests
prefer for you to treat
them as if they were
dignitaries and not
houseguests," says
Bradley Thomas, the
etiquette expert.
Like children,
guests need boundar-
ies, experts say. Max-
well Gillingham-Ry-
an, CEO of interiors
website Apartment-
Therapy.com, says his
favorite hosts greet
him with two welcome
choices: the offer of a
shower and/or a nap.
"Anticipate what your
guests need, give it
to them and leave
them alone," he says.
Invite them to help
themselves though
perhaps not to your
$4,600 Highland Park
Reserve 1902 vintage

Putting customers service

continued from 7D

to return to an estab-
lishment. Hardwick
explained that "we
cook with real eggs
from the chicken, not
imitation." This real
food element as a sta-
ple of quality and soul
food preparation time
is legitimate cause for
wait to obtain the taste
that Blacks desire in
our cuisine. She said
that cooking food to
order is important
and takes longer than
usual. Hardwick said
that her desired turn-
around time from the
phone to the back or
the front to the back
is 15 minutes at
times it takes longer.
According to Hardwick
the key to MLK's cus-
tomer service success
is due in large part
to warm smiles and a
friendly 'atmosphere.
She said "you never
know what a person
is dealing with, a nice
meal and friendly face
could make their day

go better".
She would one day
like to see MLK with a
hostess to greet guests
as they enter and ac-
commodate their re-

Nearby at The Baha-
mian Pot was born in
1988 out of a customer
service demand dur-
ing the food truck days
at Miami Northwest-
ern Sr. High School.
In 1985, owner and
manager Trudy Ellis
began making sand-
wiches from her food
service van to cater to
the hungry crowd of
students during lunch
time. "The demand
for [heartier] items for
things such as- pork
chops and rice forced
me to expand the
menu," Ellis says. Ellis
who was a nurse at the
time, along with her
husband, combined
their efforts to bring
The Bahamian Pot to
life. The menu caters
to Bahamian style
cuisine and is known

for its boiled fish and
grits. Ellis recalled
when she first opened
that "the lines would
be down the street."
Her customer service
philosophy is to create
a "home away from"
when you 'come to her
Ellis stated that "You
must acknowledge
that your customer is
present in your place
even when you know
you can't get to them
right away or they will
These Black estab-
lishments prove that
quality customer ser-
vice exists within
our community. Both
these establishments
believe the taste of
their food will sus-
tain their status as
icons and staples of
the Black communi-
ty. Each has its own
standard of friendli-
ness and warmth to
guarantee customer
satisfaction. Decadent
soul food requires a
reasonable cook to or-
der wait.




iAdvertisers urged

to use more Black media

Ti ccordingto the Selig Center for Economic
Note to marketers: Television advertising is acrowth at the University of Georgia.
not postracia that a newly formed con- In part that is because marketers reason
That's the message t newly formed con-am
sorti of the county largest African-Amer- that ads running during sports program or a
sortican media outlets waconts to send to market- prime-time drama on a mainstream channel
ican mers, who have largelynts to shunned black media in will reach some black consumers, too, said
who have lacing ads on general outlets Debra L. Lee, chief executive at BET Net-
On Monday, BET Networks, Black Enter- works. Any well-developed media plan should

prise, Johnson ublishing (the publisher of include both," Ms. Lee said. "Black media has
sEbony and Jet magazines), the National As- a special connection to black audience
association of Black Owned Broadcasters and BET, a unit of Viacom, has had a particu-
others will join with oedia-buring agencies to larly strong ratings run in recent years,
introduce a campaign intended to educate ad- beating cable channels like CNN and Bravo
vertisers about the importance of black media "The Game," an original series that started
i and its increasingly deeppocketed audience on the CW network and moved to BET, broke

Called #InTheBlack (using the Twitter hash cable sitcom records with 7.7 million viewers

tag), the campaign will begin with print ad- for the premiere of its fourth season in Janu-
vertisements in major newspapers includingg ary 2011.
The New York Times) and trade magazines At the 'same time, that audience is getting
like Broadcasting & Cable and Adweek. It will richer. Black household earnings grew 63.9

expand to a long-term joint effort that includes cording tot a$75Nielsen00 study.2000 to 2009, ac-
social media and direct outreach to marketers. #inTheBlack is the first industrywide effort
The inr iative into s pathanihnguage of its kind and is long overdue, said Donald
ers nave purou ney into Spanish A. Coleman, chief executive of GlobalHue, a

ing Hispanic population. Black audiences, multicultural advertising agency. "It's getting
meanwhile, have largely been overlooked, to the point of ridiculousness in terms of the
meanwhile, have largely ower of $1.2 trillion budget allocated to the African-American au-
despite projected buying power m$2008 dience," Mr. Coleman said.
by 2015, a 35 percent increase from 2008,

-New York Times June 25, 2012

Are you getting your share?

900 NW 54th Street Piamihone: 305-694-6211

900 NW 54th Street* Phone: 305-694-6211




N EM I 1 'IR_ _


Section 8. One and two
bedrooms. $199 security.
1150 NW 1 Place
One bedroom, one bath,
$395. 305-642-7080.

1212 NW 1 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath,
$400. Appliances.

1231 NW 58 Terrace
First month moves you
in. One bedroom one
bath. $500 monthly, two
bedrooms, one bath, $600
monthly. Free 19 inch LCD
T.V. Call Joel:

1250 NW 60 Street
One bedroom, one bath
$525. 305-642-7080

1261 NW 59 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$550. Free Water.

1317 NW 2 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath,
$375. 305-642-7080

1348 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm., one bath $375

135 NW 18 Street
First Month Moves You In
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$500 monthly. Free 19 inch
LCD TV. Call Joel

140 NW 13 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath
$475, four bedrooms, two
baths, $875. 305-642-7080
or 305-236-1144

1524 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $475,
free water. 305-642-7080

1525 NW 1 Place
First month moves you in.
One bedroom, one bath,
$400 monthly. Three bdrms,
two baths, $600 monthly.
Free 19 inch LCD TV. Call
Joel 786-355-7578.

1612 NW 51 Terrace
$500 moves you in.
1648 NW 35 Street
two and one bedrooms, tile
floors, central air.
786 355-5665
1718 NW 2 Court
One bdrm, one bath, $425.

1744 NW 1 Court
One bedroom, one bath.
$450. two bedrooms, one
bath $550. Appliances.

1801 NW 1st Court
First month moves you in.
Two bdrms one bath. $600
monthly. Free 19 inch LCD
TV. Call:
Joel 786-355-7578

1801 NW 2 Avenue
First month move you in!
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$595 monthly. Free 19 inch
LCD TV. Call: Joel 786-355-

186 NW 13 Street
One bdrm, one bath. $450.
Appliances. 305-642-7080

1955 NW 2 Court'
One bedroom, one bath.
$450. 305-642-7080

1969 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, one bath
$425. Appliances.

210 NW 17 Street
One bdrm, one bath $450.

225 NW 17 Street
One bedroom, one bath
$350. 305-642-7080

2418 NW 22 Court
One bedroom, one bath
$625. 305-642-7080

245 NW 32 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$850 monthly. Water
included. Section 8 ok.
2701 NW 1 Avenue
First month moves you in
$500 monthly. Free 19" LCD
TV Call Joel 786-355-7578

2945 NW 46 Street

One bedroom, one bath,
$575. Call Mr. Perez.
30 Street 12 Avenue Area
One bedroom, 305-754-7776

3040 NW 135 Street
One bedroom, one bath,
$670 mthly. 786-252-4657
3185 NW 75 Street
Move in Special. One
bedroom, close to metro rail.
$700 monthly. 305-439-2906
3415 NW 11 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath,
$800 a month 305-409-9454
415 NW 9 Street
One bdrm., one bath, $445.
Appliances. 305-642-7080 .
48 NW 77 Street
One bedroom, one bath,
$600,Call after 6 p.m.
60 and 61 Street
One and two bdrms, $595
and $695. Call 786-486-2895.
60 NW 76 Street
One bedroom; one bath,
$550. Appliances and free
water. 305-642-7080

6091 NW 15 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath.
$450. 305-642-7080

613 NW 65 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$700 monthly. 305-342-6730
6229 NW 2 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath.
Section 8 OK. 55 and older
preferred. 305-310-7463
8475 NE 2 Avenue
One and two bdrms. Section'
8 OK. 305-754-7776
One and two bedrooms, from
$495-$585 monthly. Free
water, window bars and iron
gate doors. Apply at: 2651
NW 50 Street or call.
Move in with first month rent
Remodeled efficiency,
one, two, three bdrms, air,
appliances, laundry, gate.
From $400. 100 NW 11 St.
Overtown, Liberty City,
Opa-Locka, Brownsville.
Apartments, Duplexes,
Houses. One, Two and
Three Bedrooms. Same day
approval. Call for specials.
Free water. 305-642-7080
Walking distance to school
from $400. Remodeled
efficiencies, one, two, three
bdrms; two baths. Central air,
laundry, gated. Office 1023
NW 3 Ave. 305-372-1383
6820 NW 17 Avenue
One and two bedrooms
special. 786-506-6392
One or two bedrooms,
qualify the same day. 305-
603-9592 or visit our office
1250 NW 62 St Apt #1.
Overtown 305-600-7280
Located Near 90 Street
and 25 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath,
light, water, and air included.
Call 305-693-9486
NE 84 El Portal Area,
Two bdrms., one bath, $750
per month, $1300 to move in,
fresh paint, 305-525-1286.
1120 Sesame Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$630 monthly. 786-325-8000
St. George Apts
5200 NW 26 Avenue
Renovated one, two and
three bedroom apts for rent.
New kitchens, tile through
out, close to all transits and
secure gated community.
Call for our New Years
Special. 786-718-6105 or

13480 NE 6th Avenue ,
One bedroom available.
$625 monthly.
Call 786-797-0225
Three bedrooms, two baths,
Section 8 Welcome.

1052 NW 52 Street
Nice two bdrms, one bath,
$950, call 786-251-9800.
1150 NW 76 Street
Three bedrooms, two
baths, new appliances with
washer/dryer, tile, large
closets, central air and free
security alarm. No Section
8. Call 786-357-5000
1226 1/2 NW 1 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath. $450.

1292 NW 44 Steet
Two bdrms, one bath, newly
remodeled, central air, $875
mthly. 786-975-3656

137 NW 118 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath
$875. Appliances.

1396 NW 102 Street
Large four bedrooms, two
baths, 786-286-2540
140 NW 71 Street
One bdrm, one bath, air
condition, fence, bars,
appliances included. Section
8 Welcomed $750 monthly.
156 NE 58 Terr.
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$650. Free Water.

1720 NW 84 Street
Two bdrms., one bath, three
bdrms., two baths, tiled.
Section 8. 305-205-3652
1723 NW 55 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$650 monthly. 305-652-9393
1869 NW 41 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$650 monthly. 305-303-0156
2020 N.W. 93rd Terrace
Two bdrms, two baths, $1100
monthly, water included.
2251 NW 94 Street
One bedroom, one bath ready
to move in. New paint,blinds
and carpet. Air condition and
ceiling fans in each room.
Full kitchen and bath. Large
apartment and duplex. Your
own gated parking. Section
8 welcome. Reference and
renting history required.
$725, first and security.
For more information call
230 N.W. 56th Street
Two bedrooms, one bath,
central air, $875 monthly.
2531 NW 79th Terrace
One bedroom, one bath,
kitchen, dining, terrace,
fenced, Section 8,
3030 N.W. 19th Avenue
One bedroom, Section 8
welcome, call 305-754-7776.
3170 NW 38 Street
Two bdrms, one bath, den,
carpet, fence. 786-556-3965
4735 NW 16 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$650 monthly. 305-652-9393
53 Street and NW 3 Ave
Brand new four bedrooms,
two baths. $1600 monthly.
623 NW 65 Street
One and two bdrms., $600
plus, 305-632-8750, Mr. B
6832 NW 6 Court
Two bedrooms, newly
renovated, $1000 monthly.
Section 8 Only, call Ms.
Harris at 954-445-7402.
6920 NW 6th Court
Three bdrms., one bath,
water, $900, Section 8
welcome, 786-444-6002.
7015 NW 4 Court
Remodeled two bedrooms,
one bath. Central air, tiled,
water included. $850 monthly.
Security deposit $1050.
Call 786-556-9644
7817 NW 10 Avenue
Two bedrooms, two bath,
$950 monthly. Call Deborah
305-336-0740 Section 8 OK.
7910-7912 NW 12 Court
Two and three bedrooms,
one bath, available. Tile, and
carpet, fenced, central air,
laundry room, water included.
Section 8 Welcome. $1200
8201 NW 6 Avenue
Newly remodeled two
bedrooms, one bath, central
air, laundry room, free water.
$875 monthly. 786-975-3656
64 street, two bedrooms,
$725, 60 street, two
bedrooms house including
water, $900, 159 street, five
bedrooms, two baths, $1800.
305-757-7067 Design Realty
Brand new, four bedrooms,
two baths, $1450 monthly.
Handicap accessible and
ready to occupy. Section 8
OK. 916-204-8387
Two bdrms. Section 8
welcome. 305-343-9215

1756 NW 85 Street
$500 moves you in, $290 bi-
weekly. Call 786-389-1686
411 NW 37 Street
Studio $395 monthly. All
appliances included. Call
Joel 786-355-7578

Furnished, private entrance.

Furnished Rooms
13387 NW 30 Avenue
$85-$95 weekly, free utilities,
kitchen, bath, one person.
1430 NW 68 Street
Seniors. Handicapped
accessible. Free cable. $400

monthly. 786-366-5930 Dee
or 786-419-2000 Jerry.
1775 NW 151 Street
New management.
Microwave, refrigerator, color
TV, free cable, air, and use of
kitchen. Call 305-835-2728.



2373 NW 95 Street
$90 weekly,
call 305-450-4603
2973 NW 61 Street
Air, cable, $500 mthly, $300
to move in. 786-286-7455
335 NW 203 Terrace
Gated community,
refrigerator, microwave, TV,
free cable, air and private
bath. Call 954-678-8996
342 NW 11 Street
Monthly $400.
Call 786-506-3067
211 NW 12 Street

6829 NW 15 Ave
$90 weekly, $200 to move in,
air and utilities included.
Call 786-277-2693
83 Street NW 18 Avenue
Clean room. 305-754-7776
$10/day, three meals, air,
hot showers, job prep,
counseling. Please call us
or come to: 1281 NW 61 St,
Clean and quiet. Elderly
preferred. Rent negotiable.
Call 941-467-6200

10360 SW 173 Terrace
Four bedrooms, one bath
$1495. Appliances, central
air. 305-642-7080

1180 Opa Locka Blvd
(137 ST)
three bedrooms, two baths,
den, air, garage, $1,250. No
section 8. Terry Dellerson
Broker 305-891-6776
12065 NW 2 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath.
Central air, security bars.
$1000 monthly. Section 8
133 St and NW 18 Ave.
Three bedrooms, two baths.
1370 NW 69 Street
Three bedrooms, one bath,
central air, plus bonus room,
$1200 mthly. Not Section 8
affiliated. Call 305-829-5164
or 305-926-2245
15920 NW 26 Avenue
Four bdrms., two bath,
16130 NW 37 Court
Three bedrooms, tile, air,
$1,150. No Section 8. Terry
Dellerson Broker, 305-89 1-
17230 NW 27 Avenue
Three bedrooms, separate
bath and shower. $895
monthly. 919-526-6698
1790 NW 48 Street
Two bdrms, one bath, $875
mthly. No Section 8.
Call: 305-267-9449
1830 NW 55 Terrace
Two bdrms, $975/security
required. 305-510-7538.
2025 NW 69 TERRACE
Three bdrms., one and half
bath. Call 786-426-6263.
2186 NW 47 Street
Five bedrooms, two baths,
big yard. Section 8 only.
2778 NW 194 Terrace
Three bedrooms, two
baths, great location $1,250
monthly. 954-638-1379
3310 NW 214 Street
Miami Gardens, three
bedrooms., one bath, Section
8 only, 786-547-9116.
3331 NW 51 Terrace
Two bdrms, one bath, central
air, tile with appliances,
$1200 mthly. Call:
3540 NW 177 Terrace
Five bdrms., two and half
bath, $1600, A Berger Realty,
Inc., 954-805-7612.
3750 NW 169 Terrace
Four bedrooms, two baths,
air, $1400. No section 8.
Terry Dellerson Broker
5700 NW 6 Avenue
Two bedrooms, air, tile. $850
monthly. No Section 8. Terry
Dellerson Broker

Four bedrms, two baths,
three bdrms, two baths and
two bedrms and one bath.
Section 8 welcome.
Must see! Three bdrms., one
bath, call 786-355-3358.
Five bedrooms and half,
three bathrooms, family,
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900 N.W. 54th Street

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You must be available
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inducted into

Hall of


' .--


By Akilah Laster
Miami Times writer

Susan Summons is a pioneer in
women's basketball. From the moment
she stepped on the court as a player
to her unprecedented career as a head
coach for the Miami Dade College
Lady Sharks she has been a dinner.
Recently, to add to her long list of
awards and recognition. Summons
was inducted into the National Junior
College Athletic Association (NJCA
Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, a
remarkable national award
"I was oteri\helmed with joy and
humbled at the same time because
there are still so many lives to touch
and championships to win.," said
Summons. '.'.ho was leaving practice
when she received the call from the
NJCAA President about her induction.
"This has been an incredible journey
that still has ranar exits to stop at"
Summons, w\ho was selected as
National Converse Coach of the Year
in 1993. also the first Black junior col-
lege coach to receive the honor, is also
a champion in the classroom. She is
an associate professor at Miami Dade
College (MDCI and has written several
highly publicized and acclaimed ar-
ticles surrounding various aspects ,:f

sports. In 2007 she was name as one.
of the Top 100 Most Influential Sports
Educators by the Institute of Interna-
tional Sports.
"A coach is a teacher and a teacher
coaches her students to be master
students or master student-athletes,"
Summons said. "Keep balance which
is for some difficult to do, but balance
is the 'ke', to e'.er. thing in life."
Suimmons ability to, balance her life
has kept her team's graduation rate
at 93 percent, one, of the highest in
the LI S. and an accomplishment she
is most proud of in addition to her be-
ing one of the \' inningest coaches in
.iuii-or college boasting a 432-196 at
Summons has hopes of becoming
a sports broadcaster and announcer
. which is prompted by her experience
and growth in radio and public speak-
ing. She has her own segment -The
Susan Summons Women's Hoops and
Sports Update" on Passion 1350 FM
on Tuesda,,s and Thursda,,s at 9.30
a.m. and on Saturda, s at 11:37 a.m
for The National Sports By Line Radio
Show. Summons-is as also in, ited to
host a radio show for the 2013 NBA
All-Star Weekend in Houston.
"Bourcing basketballs has taught
me h:-,.v to bounce basketballs in life,
Summons said.

Billy Hunter placed on

All-Star Weekend
may hint at future
By Sam Amick

Billy Hunter, executive direc-
tor of the National Basketball
Players Association since 1996,
has been placed on indefinite
leave by the union's executive
committee and appears to be
on his way out permanently.
The decision, announced by
NBPA president Derek Fisher
in a statement Friday morn-
ing, comes in the wake of an
internal investigation by the
law firm, Paul, Weiss, Rif-
kind, Wharton & Garrison,

Dolphins visit

Parkview for Black

History Month
OPA-LOCKA Current Miami Dolphins player Richard
Marshall, T.D. and cheerleaders participated in Black His-
tory bingo games at Parkview Elementary in Opa-Locka,
Florida. The purpose of the visit was to promote Black ..
History Month through a one-hour game of bingo called '*
"Jingo." Each student was given a Jingo play sheet with .I
famous Blacks occupying each square..
"It was a lot of fun just coming out here and being
around the kids," Marshall said. "A lot of the kids knew
who it was on the cards before we even said the names,
so that was interesting for us to see that kids are out
here learning. I learned some things about some of these Rich
people that I didn't even know before and a lot of those tary B
kids knew more than I did about this."

V 1 1
' .. '., ..


Miami, a big time basketball town

What an incredible feeling
basketball fans in South Flori-
da were able to experience this
past weekend..Last Friday the
Miami Heat hosted the high-
light reel that is Blake Griffin,
Chris Paul and the LA Clip-

pers. The nationally televised
game drew extensive media
coverage to see what was sup-
posed to be a matchup of two
of the NBA's elite teams and
a possible finals preview. In-
stead it turned into another


showcase game for LeBron
James who turned in a stellar
performance with 30 points
on just 11 shots as the Heat
crushed the Clippers 111-89 ,
the game was not even that
The following day we all ex-
perienced the perfect storm
that has been brewing in Cor-
al Gables for some time now.
Coach Jim Larranaga and the
then 8th ranked Miami Hur-
ricanes continued a magical
season so far by blowing away
traditional ACC powerhouse
North Carolina 87-61 behind

leave by N
that called Hunter's business
practices into question follow-
ing the NBA lockout in 2012.
NBPA attorney Ron Klempner
has been placed in Hunter's
position on an interim basis
"until further decisions can be
6. made," according to the state-
Hunter's current contract
which the investigation
indicated was not ratified in
accordance with the bylaws of
the union and is thus not valid
runs through 2015 with an
option for Hunter to extend
through 2016 and an executive
committee option to extend
hunter through 2017. He currently
earns $3 million annually.

some sensational shooting
from sophomore point guard
Shane Larkin. The win im-
proved UM to 10-0 in the
ACC and they became the first
team to beat Duke and North
Carolina in the same season
by 25 points since the ACC
formed in 1953. The win was
especially gratifying since Mi-
ami Heat stars Dwayne Wade,
LeBron James and James
Jones were among those in
the frenzied Bank United Cen-
ter enjoying all the action. The
Hurricanes have been domi-
nant this season and experts

IBPA, fights back

"Unfortunately, it appears
that Union management has
lost sight of the NBPA's only
task, to serve the best interests
of their membership," Fisher,
who currently does not play
for an NBA team, said in the
statement. "This is the reason
I called for a review almost a
year ago. The findings of that
review confirm this unfortu-
nate truth and we must now
move forward as players.
"Immediate change is nec-
essary and I, along with the
Committee Members, are com-
mitted to driving the process
as difficult as it may be. We
ask for the cooperation, trust
and patience of the players,

their representatives and some
of our hard working NBPA staff
as we navigate through this
situation. But rest assured
that our goal is to do what
is right for the players and
we will emerge stronger than
Despite vacancies in seven of
the nine spots on the execu-
tive committee, voting on the
positions was expected to take
place at All-Star weekend in
Houston later this month,
Fisher said an interim execu-
tive committee was formed in
accordance with the NBPA's
bylaws that includes all five
active members from the previ-
ous committee.

Injuries cast shadow

over NFL's successes

-Photos Credit: Miami Dolphins
ard Marshall interacts with students at Parkview Elemen-
lack History Month event.

By almost any measure, the
National Football League is en-
joying another extraordinary
year During the 17-week NFL
regular season, the 22 highest-
rated shows on television were
NFL games. And roughly 155
million people, or half the U.S.
population. watched at least
some of Sunday's Super Bowl.
So it is with good reason that
owners and league officials
gathering in New Orleans this
weekend should be in good
cheer. The NFL. in the parlance
of business, is killing it.
Underneath the glitter and
spectacle, however, the NFLs
$9 billion business faces a sig-
nificant long-term threat. With
scientific studies increasingly
linking head injuries with de-
generative brain diseases, fans
and young people could turn
away from the sport, and law-
suits already filed by former
players could result in huge li-
To its credit, the league ap-
pears to recognize the risks.
Under Commissioner Roger
Goodell. it has taken a series
of safety-related steps in the
face of carping by players, ex-
players and commentators who
say the sport is being sissified.
The league is right to impose
new penalties and fines on vio-

think this team has a legiti-
mate chance to go all the way
just like Miami's "other" team,
the Heat.
Speaking of the Heat, they
put the icing on the cake of
a perfect hoops weekend for
South Florida by dismantling
the LA Lakers on Sunday 107-
97 as Dwayne wade scored
30 points but he was an af-
ter thought. The story has
been LeBron James' stretch
of greatness over his past
five games. With his 32-point
effort against the Lakers,
James became the first player

lent hits. it is right to punish
participants in a bounty sys-
tem that rewarded players for
injuring their opponents. It is
right to insist that players with
concussions aren't rushed back
on to the field. And it is right to
consider further changes to the
rules and to explore new hel-
met technologies These are the
types of things that responsible
franchise owners do to protect
their people and businesses.
Baltimore Ravens safety Ber-
nard Pollard had things back-
wards when he said the NFL
could be gone in 30 years as
the result of unpopular new
rules. The biggest threat to the
NFL is not that hard-core fans
will turn away because of these
rules, but that more marginal
fans will turn aw.ay because of
the violence that the rules are
meant to address.
Football already has a repu-
tation as a kind of crapshoot,
with injuries playing a major
role in teams' fortunes and
players' long-term health. It
might soon earn the reputation
as a sport that young athletes
in much of the country avoid.
President Obama says that if
he had sons, he'd hesitate to.
let them play football, a view
shared by millions of parents
across America.

in NBA history to record five
consecutive 30-point games
while also shooting 60 per-
cent. He also became the first
player in Heat history to score
at least 30 points in five games
*in a row.
Both the Miami Heat and
the Miami Hurricanes have
been destroying the competi-
tion. South Florida it seems
has come full circle, this is
now a basketball town. Let us
all enjoy the ride.
The Sports Brothers, Jeff Fox
& Ed Freeman, can be heard
daily on 560 WQAM Sports.

NBA Players Association executive director Billy
has been placed on a leave of absence.


T.D. interacts with students at Parkview Elementary Black Miami Dolphins cheerleaders interact with students at
History Month event. Parkview Elementary Black History Month event.

IIIf~i E A D C 0 A C i--i S lTI L Ll H A S[A1H11[G]I

J O U R N EYI !1 111 IIN !tF R O N T O F 111 H ElR l lI




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