The Miami times.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028321/00928
 Material Information
Title: The Miami times.
Uniform Title: Miami times
Physical Description: v.
Language: English
Creator: Miami times
Publisher: The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Publication Date: 3/30/2011
Subjects / Keywords: African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )
General Note: "Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note: "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note: Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
sobekcm - UF00028321_00928
System ID: UF00028321:00928

Full Text


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Tempora Mutantur Et Nos Mutamur In Illis



County needs

"fresh blood"
By D. Kevin McNeir
Luther Campbell, 50, is no
stranger to Miami-Dade Coun-
ty, having been born and raised
in this sprawling metropolis.
And while he has been an ar-
dent supporter of neighborhood
programs geared towards youth
with football as the lynchpin, 26 years to be exact,
the Jamaican descendant is more often known
because of his stellar career as a rap star with the
sometimes controversial 2 Live Crew and his work
Please turn to CAMPBELL 1OA


"We can fix

our county"
By D. Kevin McNeir
Julio Robaina, 45, currently
serves as the mayor of Hialeah
and city manager and was first .
elected in 2005. He points to
his 23 years of experience as an
administrator and success in
the private sector as the reason
he first chose to become involved in politics. He
says his approach upon entering office was to run
Hialeah, the State's and the County's fifth and
second largest city, respectively, more like a
Please turn to ROBAINA 10A

U.S. double standard: Help

Libya but not Ivory Coast?

By DeWayne Wickham
In the run-up to the war
the United States is waging
against the forces of Libyan
leader Moammar Gadhafi,
the drumbeat for this fight
was a call for action to stop
the dictator from commit-
ting atrocities against his
own people.

"When the entire interna-
tional community almost
unanimously says that
there is a potential humani-
tarian crisis about to take
place, we can't simply stand
by ... we have to take some
sort of action," President
Obama told reporters dur-
ing his recent trip to Chile.
"This guy's days are num-

bered," Sen. John McCain,
R-Ariz., said before Ameri-
can Tomahawk missiles
rained down on Libya's air
defenses. The question is
can we shorten them even
more "to save people's lives
because it's clear he is go-
ing to kill whoever he thinks
he can in order to stay in
Please turn to HELP 10A

-AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta
President Barack Obama delivers his address on Libya at the National Defense
University in Washington, Monday, March 28.

Obama defends Libya fight

President says massacre
prevented; Republicans want
plan to remove Gadhafi
By Laura Meckler & Adam Entous
President Barack Obama made his
case for military intervention in Libya
in a speech to the nation on Monday,
sayin-g the action he directed was in
U.S. interests and had already suc-
ceeded in preventing a massacre of
"horrific scale."
He said the U.S. would work to re-
move Col. Moammar Gadhafi from
power, but made clear that he would
rely on political, financial and other
pressures-not military force-to drive

him out. That left open the central
question of how Col. Gadhafi's removal
would be accomplished, and how the
U.S. would deal with Libya should he
More broadly, Obama set out the
most detailed explanation to date of
a new model for how the U.S. will ap-
proach international crises, laying out
what may be seen as an Obama doc-
trine in which the U.S. acts as a coali-
tion-builder, spreading the costs and
burdens among nations.
"The burden of action should not be
America's alone," he said. "Our task is
instead to mobilize the international
Please turn to LIBYA 10A

Showdown: Families confront City Hall

Still no answers for multiple police-involved shootings

By Jimmie Davis, Jr.
Miami Times writer
The Miami police have shot
and killed seven Black men
since last summer. And given
their outrage and frustra-
tions, the City of Miami re-
cently allowed family mem-
bers and community leaders
to express their concerns at

City Hall. So far none of the
seven cases have been re-
solved and Miami Chief of Po-
lice Miguel Exposito remains
"I really want to know what
happened and what made the
police shoot my son Brandon
so many times," said Aaron
Foster. "Why is this case still

While the young Foster,
22, was on his way home,
his father says police offi-
cers opened fire, hitting him
17 times. He believes that his
son should have been tasered
instead of shot.
"If they get rid of Exposito
then the rest of the crooked
police will fall like dominoes,"
he said.

Family members of Travis
McNeil, 28, say he was killed
in cold blood by Miami police
gang unit member Reinaldo
Goya. McNeil's cousin, Ka-
reem Williams, 30, who was
a passenger when both left
a local lounge in Little Haiti,
continues to recover from his
injuries and has secured legal
"I still don't have any an-
swers regarding my son's

death," said McNeil's mother,
Sheila. "You can't tell me you
don't see a pattern going on in
our community."
Family after family ap-
proached the dais during the
city commissioners' meeting
that lasted late into the night.
One woman who attended,
Patricia Rice-Jackson, a

cousin of McNeil, says she is
concerned with the racial dis-
parity that exists within .the
City's police department and
wonders if the solution is to
have more Blacks in senior
positions and patrolling the
streets of Overtown.
"The chief says there are no
qualified Blacks to command
Overtown," she said. "That
cannot be correct. We are
Please turn to ANSWERS 1OA

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www.weather.com ISOLATED T-STORMS

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Commissioners respond

to demand for change but

how much is enough?
It's clear based on the recent overwhelmingly success-
ful recall efforts of County Mayor Alvarez and Commis-
sioner Seijas and a few other politicians that citizens
say they plan to target soon, that people here in Miami-Dade
are sick and tired of business as usual and are anxious for
change. The question is how much change and that's the
dilemma now facing our commissioners.

The Board of Commissioners as a collective body has not
been particularly open to changing the rule book by which
they govern their districts at least in the past. But it's a
different time now and from the election of Barack Obama
to Tea Party victories at the midterm elections, the clarion
call for changing the status quo has become all more and
more urgent.

The commissioners say they will put six amendments on
the ballot for a countywide referendum in May. But with
such a low percentage of registered voters actually partici-
pating in the election that proved to be Alvarez's undoing,
one might just need a crystal ball to accurately determine
what's on the minds of County residents. Presumably well
have the chance to vote for the new mayor and District 13
commissioner at the same time.

However, if you read between the lines not a whole lot will
really change at least not soon. And wasn't Alvarez booted
out at such a high percentage because folks want change

But it gets more complicated some commissioners now
say they want to only place four amendments on the bal-
lot, or at least change the language of the amendments
themselves. Some of this in-house bickering may be due
to entrenched ways of thinking by 12 different officials but
given the power and prestige associated with the position of
Miami-Dade County Mayor, we believe some of our commis-
sioners may be focusing on the future more than they are
the present and their decisions are being impacted accord-

But there is a more simple way to deal with this potential
hothouse of options and possibilities. Allow the people to
decide and then follow their directions. That's why putting
everything on the ballot is the best choice whether voters
show up or not.
Remember that popular hit song by the O'Jays that hit
the charts during the summer of 1975? President Obama
used it throughout his presidency campaign in 2008. One
line says, "Well it's about time for things to get better. We
want the truth, the truth and no more lies. Want it you. And
I want it for me. You got to give the people, give the people
what they want."

Sound advice let's hope the commissioners will follow

If Spence-Jones is innocent,

then who's guilty?
When the buzz first began about former-City
Commissioner Michelle Spence-Jones having
gotten herself into trouble and facing the jus-
tified wrath of our state prosecutor, many of us took the
whole thing in stride. After all, given the many crooks
and scoundrels that have been fodder for headline news
in South Florida, her alleged decision to "bend the law"
was nothing new.

What is interesting is that from the very start, not only
has she maintained her innocence, but the voters of her
district believed her putting her back in office after
then-Governor Crist had removed her from her post. He
would have to suspend her a second time in order to
move her to the sidelines.

Now that she has been cleared of bribery and theft
charges with one more felony case to face, one has to
wonder whose agenda was really being met when the
City Commissioner was first charged, then harassed,
removed from office and publicly humiliated?

Spence-Jones says a lot of it has to do with her re-
fusal to "dance" with officials who clearly wanted the
Marlins stadium construction deal to go through at the
taxpayers' expense. She also says that her demand for
$500 million in neighborhood development dollars as
the lynchpin to her voting for the Marlins deal was not

If the wisdom of our forefathers and foremothers was
accurate, then it may be time we took heed to their
words: "Where there's smoke, there's fire." Because with
all the finger-pointing that has gone on since Spence-
Jones's indictment, for her to be found innocent, which
she says will ultimately happen, means that other play-
ers in our midst, have gone to great lengths to achieve
their ends. We just hope it has not been at the expense
of an innocent victim.

(ISSN 0739-0319)
Published Weekly at 900 NW 54th Street,
Miami, Florida 33127-1818
Post Office Box 270200
Buena Vista Station Miami. Florida 33127
Phone 305-694-6210
H.E. SIGISMUND REEVES. Founder. 1923-1968
GARTH C. REEVES, JR., Editor. 1972-1982
GARTH C. REEVES, SR., Publisher Emenrtus
RACHEL J. REEVES, Publisher and Chairman

Member of National Newspaper Publisher Association
Member of the Newspaper Association of America
Subscription Rates: One Year $45.00 Six Months $30.00 Foreign $60.00
7 percent sales tax for Florida residents
Periodicals Postage Paid at Miami, Florida
Postmaster: Send address changes to The Miamn Times, P.O. Box 270200
Buena Vista Station, Miami, FL 33127-0200 305-694-6210

The Black Press believes that America can best lead the
world from racial and national antagonism when it accords to
every person regardless of race, creed or color, his or her
human and legal rights Hating no person, fearing no person,
the Black Press strives to help every person in the firm belief
that all persons are hurt as long as anyone is held back

Ap *
ujir Bureau tif iruimioni

I( -.A *
-- Of


For Blacks, nuclear is considered the other "N" word

Within the Black community,
contrary to conventional wis-
dom, there are two "N" words:
nigger and nuclear. Both
words conjure a cacophony of
good, bad, and ugly feelings
among Black people.
For example, egregiously de-
grading as White supporters
of American slavery conceived
the word "nigger", Blacks, un-
til the recent past, have used
the term in affectionate ways,
amazingly to linguistically turn
a terrible term upside down
for the positive. What Whites
meant for evil, Blacks extract-
ed good. Yet, when corporate
executives, sports commenta-
tors, and movie stars were .acl
cidentally caught using "nig-
ger" to describe Blacksduring
the past 20 years the ugliness
of America's unresolved open
racial wound was exposed.
The other "N" word in the
Black community is nuclear.
Similar to the word nigger,

when "nuclear" is mouthed
good, bad, and ugly emotions
surface. For many Blacks over
70-years-old any discussion
of nuclear energy horrifically
harkens their thoughts to the
nuclear bombs dropped on
the Japanese cities of Hiro-
shima and Nagasaki in August
of 1945. Not before, and not
since, has the world seen such
massive destruction than when
America bombed Japan to end
World War II.
The partial meltdown of
nuclear reactors in Three
Mile Island in Pennsylvania
and Chernobyl, Russia in the
1970's and 1980's served to
scare many people of the cata-
strophic potential of nuclear
reactors. Yet, in many ways,
the dilemma 'that all humans
must address in providing en-
ergy for global nations is what
source of energy is most effi-
cient and least lethal to people.
All known energy sources have

their good qualities and bad
ones. According to a consen-
sus of world scientists, extract-
ing, processing, and burning
oil and gasoline for automo-
biles and industrial machines
is expensive and contributes to
global warming. Similarly, coal
is abundant but when burned
to provide electricity emits tox-
ic gases that erode the earth's
ozone layer that supports life.
The science of harnessing the
power of solar and wind energy
has not developed enough to
solely supply the energy needs
of six billion people currently
living on earth or beyond.
The future of energy produc-
tion will most likely be dom-
prised of more than one energy
source. In such a context nu-
clear energy has the potential
to be very good and very bad as
an energy source. On the good
side, apart from the effects
of natural disasters such as
earthquakes and the issue of

storage, nuclear energy can be
a powerful, clean and efficient
form of energy. For example,
80 percent of the energy needs
of France is provide by nuclear
reactors. The bad side is occur-
ring in Japan today.
The history of nuclear tech-
nology can be akin to the de-
velopment of aeronautical sci-
ence: 'over time, it becomes
safer. Airplanes of the 20th
century were much more unre-
liable than those of today. Sim-
ilarly, nuclear energy science
has come along way during the
past 50 years. While the ag-
ing water suppression systems
that power the crippled nuclear
reactors in Japan are in crisis,
the next generation of nuclear
technology that will have pas-
sively cooled systems is wide-
ly thought by physicists to be
much more durable under nat-
ural disasters such as earth-
quakes. Yet, accidents make all
energy systems vulnerable.


Blacks can't wait for others' help
One of the most important keys Blacks cannot and should not married-couple families. But that t
to the advancement of the Black wait for someone else to liberate statistic does not tell the whole t
community is the empowerment us or to empower us. Yes, the gov- story. The multiple family struc- I
of Black families. There are nu- ernment and the state do have so- tures in the Black community are c
merous research studies that con- cial responsibilities for the overall different from whites because of A
tinue to dwell solely on the deficit social conditions of society but to history, culture, poverty and the c
social progress statistics or on the make people solely dependent on disproportionate incarceration
pathology of Blacks in 2011. For a "welfare state of mind" is itself of Black males. Yet the "extend- c
sure there are many persistent ultimately self-destructive and ed family" ties, bonds and rela-

social and racial inequities that
besiege us. But, it is also persis-
tently unhealthy to only focus on
the negative without ever offering
participatory solutions to these
problems and inequities.
Empowerment is the process
of establishing and maximizing
one's true potential to attain and
sustain power and control over
one's personal development, edu-
cation, wealth, health and shared
contributions to the advancement
of humanity and the world. Of
course, the best form of empow-
erment is self-empowerment. You
can't give someone empower-
ment. It has to be earned. People
have to be directly involved and
they have to participate in help-
ing to shape and nurture their
own self-empowerment.

While it is true that currently in the U.S. married couples
make up almost 75 percent of all families, among
Blacks only 44 percent are married-couple families.

counterproductive. We have had
a long history of overcoming the
odds and by the grace of God and
hard work and struggle we have
as a people collectively achieved
great strides forward. The chal-
lenge today is to understand both
the problems and the solutions
concerning our families, and then
to actively participate in achiev-
ing and fulfilling those solutions.
While it is true that currently in
the U.S. married couples make up
almost 75 percent of all families,
among Blacks only 44 percent are

tionships among Blacks remain
strong despite the tremendous
stress and social pressures on the
Black community.
When the Million Man March
was planned some 16 years ago,
it was done expressly to raise
the level of consciousness and
responsibility of Black men in
particular to take a greater re-
sponsibility and atonement for
,the strengthening of our fami-
lies and communities. It was the
largest public demonstration and
mobilization ever in Washing-

0, .: "'

:on, D.C. in the history of Blacks.
After the March, not only did
Black-on-Black crime and mur-
ders dramatically decrease across
America, there was also an in-
:rease in Black marriages, Black
adoption of Black children, Black-
owned business development and
a significant surge in Black youth
culturall leadership and economic
advancement through hip-hop
and other creative genius. The
March and the improvements
within our community that fol-
owed, reminds us that we have
he capacity to speak out, stand
up, and take our responsibili-
ties seriously for the ongoing re-
lemption and empowerment of
our families and communities.
3ut self-improvement is a key to
communityy development. Don't
et the negative self-destructive
forces of hopelessness and cyni-
:ism take hold on your conscious-
ness. Whatever the problems we
ace today, we can make tomorrow
a better day, if we work together,
build together, share together and
ight for freedom, justice, equality
and empowerment together.







Head Start
In the ongoing budget battle be-
tween Democrats and Republicans
over which programs to cut, Head
Start, the popular preschool pro-
grams.serving nearly a million lower
inQope children, has come under
attack from Congressional Repub-
licans. In the Senate, Republicans
voted for a $2 billion dollar cut to
President Obama's proposed 2011
Head Start budget of $8.2 billion
dollars. That GOP budget plan
failed in the Senate, but President
Obama scolded them last week at
a press conference, saying that
Congress shouldn't try to find bud-
get savings in Head Start, because
"that's not where the money is."
But the bigger question is: In a
world where millionaires are get-
ting billions in tax cuts, why are
Republicans going after funding for
poor children in the name of fiscal
responsibility? In a budget filled
with subsidies to farmers, defense
contracts for weapons the military
doesn't want or need, why go af-
ter the children? To understand

always on the chopping
their motivation, you have to go Limited government types in the
back to their conservative view of Republican Party have long tar-
government and how it doesn't in- geted Great Society programs like
clude empowering the poor, even if the welfare system, the food stamp
they're children, program, and Head Start as being
Head Start, a program born in huge wastes of taxpayer money.
1965 as part of President Lyndon When millionaires are given tax
Johnson's War on Poverty and cuts, like the extension of the Bush
Great Society, was designed to help tax cuts program last December,
break the cycle of poverty through the government is making a bet
early education. Over the past five that millionaires will do better than
decades, millions of low-income they with the tax revenue. However,
students have received pre-school most economists say that tax cuts
education and subsequent tests are the least stimulative program
have proved that once these stu- the government can endorse. The
dents entered elementary school, billions in government funds that
they were more advanced than are allocated either to the poor or
their peers who didn't attend Head the rich come with a moral con-
Start. clusion attached. The poor are
But critics say any advantages thought by Republicans to be un-
seen in Head Start students soon deserving of taxpayer funds be-
dissipates in elementary school. cause in a capitalist society, they
The narrative that Head Start is a don't produce anything. To not
program which doesn't quantita- produce something is to not have
tively help young low-income chil- worth. And if you don't have worth,
dren, fits neatly into conservative then you're not worthy of receiv-
dogma that government can't cre- ing taxpayer funds from the people
ate social change among the poor. who do produce in society. Why

should a Republican vote to give
money to the poor children of non-
productive citizens for a program
like Head Start? It doesn't matter
to them that by educating young
students, we may potentially cre-
ate a productive citizen what's
most important is that these poor
children and their parents, are not
productive now. It is not their re-
sponsibility to invest in people. It is
the individual's responsibility, even
if those individuals are in poverty.
To Republicans, the children of
Head Start are not really worthy
of taxpayer funds and represent
a continuing failure of an ill-con-
ceived and wasteful government
program that needed to be elimi-
nated. When it comes to programs
designed to affect poverty and
childhood education for the poor,
Republicans rarely think about
what individual cuts mean to these
demographics. And that's why it's
so easy for them to disregard chil-
dren in Head Start. They're not
worthy in their eyes.

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Is Scott helping the foreclosure market?

According to a new report by
Realty Trac.com, Florida fore-
closure numbers are trend-
ing down. The report indicates
that foreclosures have slowed to
their lowest levels in about four
years. Based on their numbers
the state is down 65 percent
from last year and 71 percent
from 2009.
The foreclosure rate has
slowed down enough to knock
the state out of the top five
worst in the country for fami-
lies to lose their homes. With
this. report, it would appear that
the governor and his adminis-
tration could take responsibility
for positive numbers. But re-
ports and numbers don't always
tell the complete story.
In the foreclosure business,
many of the banks and pro-
cessors used faulty paperwork
in their proceedings with cus-
tomers. This has essentially

stopped many foreclosures and
many owners have been living
rent free for nine to 12 months.
Once the banks and processors
resolve their issues with the pa-
perwork, most real estate fore-
casters predict a second wave of-
mass foreclosures.
Florida Governor Scott is
holding up more than $1 bil-
lion of federal funds that could
help thousands of citizens in
Florida save their homes from
foreclosure. The Florida unem-
ployment rate is at 12 percent
-.one of the highest in the na-
tion. Many here in Florida are
perplexed with Scott's decision
to not take advantage of these
The title of this program is the
federal "Hardest Hit" program
and the money is for unem-
ployed homeowners, or people
who have jobs but don't make
enough to pay their mortgage. It

can be used to make loan pay-
ments for up to 18 months or
pay delinquent loans and one
household can receive up to
Florida received its first in-
stallment from the federal gov-
ernment of $418 million last
year and has not developed a
system to distribute and man-
age the funds. In August and
September of 2010, our state
received two additional install-
ments bringing the total to
$1.05 billion.
It makes no sense when our
state has available funding from
the federal government and
does not help its citizens who
are in need. When fewer citizens
are paying property taxes be-
cause of foreclosure, the first to
negatively be impacted are the
state's schools and businesses.
With the new report on fore-
closures, maybe our governor

and administration think that
the hard times are behind our
state and we do not need the
money from the federal govern-
ment. But many forecasters are
predicting the state of Florida
will need more time to recover
from the recession. The state
is suffering and the real estate
market has loss half of its value
in properties.
Our governor must show that
he can manage this crisis in our
state as it relates to the real es-
tate market. If there is a second
wave of mass foreclosures in the
state, this cycle could create a
statewide economic depression.
There is no reason for our gov-
ernor to leave over $1 billion in
federal funds dormant in an ac-
count that could be used to help
the citizens in the state. Any-
time citizens in the state can
pay their bills, the businesses
and everyone wins.


Black dads continue to

If the Black community is go-
ing to throw a Holy Ghost par-
ty because Dwyane Wade has
decided to do what the over-
whelming majority of Black
men refuse to do take full re-
sponsibility and custody of his
two sons then I'm afraid the
crisis of absentee fatherhood,
perhaps the single biggest con-
tributor to the disproportionate
number of Black men in prison
compared to whites, still isn't
resonating as it should.
A U.S. Census Bureau Report
issued last October revealed
that while Blacks make up 12
percent of the U.S. population,
in 2006 41 percent of the na-
tion's two million inmates were
,Black. I'm willing to bet that
the overwhelming majority of
them grew up without a father
active in their lives.
The recent image of a smiling
Wade and his sons, eight and
three, respectively, was all over

the Internet. Over the last two
years, an image of Wade's ex-
wife, Siohvaughn, has emerged
as a woman who physically
abused the NBA superstar. She
accused Wade of passing on
to her a sexually transmitted
disease, not spending enough
time with their children and of
Upon winning custody, Wade,
named the 2007 "Father of the
Year" by the National Father's
Day Committee, reiterated that
he wanted his boys to have a
healthy relationship with .their
mother, who was awarded al-
ternate weekends with the
boys in Miami.
"You need to fight to be in
your kids' lives sometimes, -
you fight until you can't fight
any more," Wade said. "That's
all I was trying to be, a father
in my kids' lives."
Unfortunately, the reality in
the Black community is that

fight for their kids M24
this type of thinking by Black helped to decimate' the Black
men is almost an alien notion community decade after de-
if we are to believe most studies cade after decade. Nor am I
on the absentee Black dad. ignoring the ongoing deteriora-
Revel in Wade doing what he tion of the public school system
should do; what he feels is his in the big cities and the poor
natural duty, what any real rural south that are so domi-
man should feel compelled nated by Black faces. But this
to do the moment his child deplorable state hasn't been
springs- forth from its moth- orchestrated solely under the
er's womb. But viewing this as conduction of Black men. No,
some sort of civil rights bench- he often has a willing accom-
mark is almost as foolish as police in the Black women. Too
cheering the not-guilty verdict often, the Black woman makes
in the O.J. Simpson case while it impossible for her mate, al-
ignoring the freshly-minted ready marginalized from the
Black convicts who that same time he exits the front door un-
day in 1995 flooded into peni- til he comes home, to find rest
tentiaries across the nation, 90 in her bosom.
percent of them and that's There are thousands of.ex-
probably on the low end for traordinary Black men who
crimes committed in their own desperately want to do right
neighborhoods, against their for their children. Wade didn't
own people, take the easy way out ap-
Not for one second do I dis- plaud him. But don't think for
count the role of racial and one minute that he is the rule
economic injustices that have and not the exception.


When Holder plays race card, justice suffers

Members of the Project 21
Black leadership network are
appalled that Attoiney General
Eric Holder used the race card
to block congressional inquiries
into the Justice Department's
silence and possible mishan-
dling of a race-fueled voting
rights case.

"Eric Holder is sending a con-
sistent and unfortunate mes-
sage that we should expect jus-
tice to be applied only on the
terms set by him and President
Obama. This disregard for the
rule of law is made worse by di-
visive rhetoric that -is anathema
to his sworn duties "to uphold

Is corruption in the City of Miami a problem?

Student, Liberty City

Every big
city like Mi-
ami has a
touch of some-
thing corrupt.
I don't think
that Miami
is more cor-
rupt than any
other city. It's
politics -it just comes with the

Retired, Liberty City

There is
probably some

here I don't
doubt it. It is
just hard to

Retired, Liberty City

Yes I do, be-
cause there
are so many
young people
that are being
killed and a
lot of them are
being misled.
They aren't
taking advan-
tage of many of the opportuni-
ties they have available to them.
Our young people aren't getting
the proper parental guidance.

Graduate Stu-
dent, Carol City

Well, I am
not sure if you
want to call it
corruption -
but something
is going wrong

in this city. People are getting
killed left and right. It's so crazy
we just had to vote someone out
of office; that's nuts. Corrup-
tion? Yeah, I guess you could
say that.

Clerk, Liberty City

I don't think
the city has
a corruption
problem. I do,
however, think
there are some
corrupt people
that are in- l
volved in city
politics that
make it hard for real city busi-
ness to get done. But I think
they are about to be flushed

Secretary, Little Haiti

They just
need to do
better in this
city. I wouldn't
say we have a
problem with
corruption but
we do need
some changes
made right

. .I for one believe
that if you give people a thorough
understanding of what confronts
them and the basic causes that
produce it, they'll create their own
program, and when the people
create a program, you get action..

Malcolm X

our Constitution as Attorney
General," said Project 21's Je-
rome Hudson. "Holder's appar-
ent willingness to turn a blind
eye to equal justice is one more
example of how radical and out
of touch this presidency is with
the American people."
Holder engaged in racial poli-
tics during a subcommittee
hearing of the House Appro-
priations Committee on March
1. Representative John Cul-
berson (R-TX) brought up that
the U.S. Department of Justice
was uncooperative with inves-
tigators from the U.S. Commis-
sion on Civil Rights regarding
allegations that political ap-
pointees intervened in a voting
rights case against members of
the New Black Panther Party
charged with restricting the ac-
cess of white voters to a Phila-
delphia polling place on Election
Day 2008. Holder harshly criti-
cized scrutiny of the case, call-
ing it "inappropriate" to compare
this case to past government de-
fenses of civil rights, adding, "I
think it does a great disservice
to people who put their lives on
the line for my people."
"Holder's comment about 'my
people' illustrates how the At-
torney General sees the world
through a color-coded lens," said
Project 21 Fellow Deneen Borel-
li. "Accordingly, it's not surpris-
ing that the Justice Department
under his leadership has not
aggressively pursued the voter
intimidation case regarding the
Philadelphia members of the
New Black Panther Party."
The three members of the New

Black Panther Party were on
the verge of being sentenced for
the apparent voter intimidation
when Obama political appoin-
tees reportedly ordered career
attorneys at the Justice Depart-
ment to settle the case.
Holder's March 1 outburst
came after Culberson referred to
comments made by veteran civil
rights activist Bartle Bull, an
eyewitness at the polling place.
In an affidavit, Bull wrote:
"I have never encountered or
heard of another instance in the
United States where armed and
uniformed men blocked the en-
trance to a polling location." Bull
considers the 2008 incident the
most serious act of voter intimi-
dation he has ever seen. Former
career attorneys in the Justice
Department's Civil Rights Divi-
sion also claim an environment
of incivility exists toward cases
involving minority defendants.
In several letters to Presi-
dent Barack Obama, Project 21
Chairman Mychal Massie has
called for the appointment of a
special prosecutor to investigate
allegations of political pres-
sure being put on career at-
torneys at the Justice Depart-
ment to settle the New Black
Panther case prematurely.
Project 21's Borelli added:
"Attorney General Holder
should seek justice for all
Americans and not just for
individuals of his race. By
sounding like Al Sharpton,
Holder is demeaning his posi-
tion as the chief law enforce-
ment officer of the United


., I,

S ".

S .-R"








Id WI 1 ill;,, .^VI



T. Willard Fair resigns to protest Scott

By Bill Kaczor
Associated Press

Board of Education chairman
has resigned in protest over
Gov. Rick Scott's ouster of Edu-
cation Commissioner Eric J.
Chairman T. Willard Fair's
letter of resignation blast-
ing Scott was placed into the
board's record at his request
during an emergency meeting
Thursday that was called to
launch a national search for
Smith's replacement.
"The notipn that this board
should immediately commence
a 'national search' for a new
commissioner, flies in the face
of the reality that Governor
Scott will choose his new com-
missioner," Fair wrote.
Fair a staunch ally of for-
mer Gov. Jeb Bush, who origi-
nally appointed Fair to the
board added that the panel
"will merely provide the votes
that affirm the governor's
choice" and it was "pointless
to put on a public display that
gives the impression that the
decision will ultimately rest
with the board."
Fair also wrote that he was
"alarmed by the governor's
dismissive treatment of this
board," which had hired Smith
in 2007 after a national search.
Fair noted that Scott a con-


~-- 5f

~ :.-=~

servative Republican who took
office in January never con-
sulted with the panel or Smith
before forcing the commission-
er's resignation.
Smith and board members
said Scott finally called them
recently after Fair also had
resigned. Smith on Monday
announced he was resigning
effective June 10, saying he
wanted to give the new Republi-
can governor a chance to play a
role in picking a successor who
will pursue his goals.
Smith, a nationally known
educator who once chaired The
College Board, was previously
the superintendent of the Anne
Arundel County, Md., Char-
lotte-Mecklenburg, N.C. and

Newport News, Va. school sys-
Board member Roberto
"Bobby" Martinez said the gov-
ernor had never spoken to him
before calling Wednesday but
that their conversation was en-
"He told me that he recog-
nized the excellent record of
accomplishment and distin-
guished service by the commis-
sioner," Martinez said. "He also
wanted me to know that he also
recognized the record of strong
leadership by Chairman Fair."
Martinez, a Coral Gables
lawyer, said Scott also said
he understood the board is
responsible for selecting the
next commissioner but that he

wanted to work with the panel
on that task.
Fair, who is president and
CEO of the Urban League of
Greater Miami, was reappoint-
ed four years ago by then-Gov.
Charlie Crist. The five remain-
ing board members also were
appointed by Crist, a Repub-
lican who quit the party to
mount a failed bid as an in-
dependent for the U.S. Senate
last year. Crist made the switch
after vetoing a GOP-sponsored
bill to put teachers on merit pay
and end tenure for new hires,
angering many Republicans.
. The terms of Fair and Dr. A.K.
Desai, a St. Petersburg physi-
.cian, expired Dec. 31 but they
stayed on because Scott had
not yet appointed their suc-
cessors. Board members said
Scott has told them those ap-
pointments are imminent.
Scott will have a chance to re-
place the remaining four board
members over the next four
The terms of Martinez. and
John Padget, a former school
superintendent from Key West,
will expire at the end of 2012.
Kathleen Shanahan, a Tampa
businesswoman, and Mark Ka-
plan, a phosphate company ex-
ecutive from Tallahassee, have
terms running through 2013.
Shanahan and Kaplan both
once served .as chief of staff to
Bush when he was governor.



, .





Threat of trial keeps Gadhafi fighting

By Yaroslav Trofimov

CAIRO When Nigeria de-
livered exiled Liberian leader
Charles Taylor to an interna-
tional court in 2006, Libya's
Col. Moammar Gadhafi, whose
regime had armed and funded
Taylor, called it an "immoral act"
and warned that "every head of
state could meet a similar fate."
Now that the International
Criminal Court has opened an
investigation into Col. Gadhafi
himself, such fears may well be
a reason why the Libyan leader
has chosen to battle his own
people instead of seeking exile
like Taylor or Zine al-Abidine
Ben Ali, the former Tunisian
president now residing in Saudi
Col. Gadhafi's behavior illus-
trates a thorny moral dilemma:
An international drive to ensure
ousted dictators answer for their
crimes may, perversely, end up
prolonging their rule-and ex-
tract a heavy toll in human lives.
"The very real fear that Gad-
hafi & Co. effectively may have
no place to go outside Libya
where they would be safe from
pursuit...provides a compelling
incentive to fight on," explains
Wayne White, a scholar at the
Middle East Institute in Wash-
ington and a former State De-
partment intelligence official.
For the international com-
munity, the dilemma has often
amounted to a trade-off between
conflict resolution and justice.
In recent years, though, the arc
of history has leaned toward jus-
tice, no matter the consequenc-
In 1986, the U.S. convinced
Haiti's Jean-Claude Duvalier to
depart as he faced an uprising.
"We were able to say, 'the only
way you can stay is if you kill a
lot of people. Wouldn't your life
be better if you went to France
instead?' And he did," recalled
Elliott Abrams, who was assis-
tant secretary of state for inter-
American affairs in the 1980s.
In South Africa, in the early
1990s, the choice was made to
give amnesty for apartheid-era
atrocities to those who confessed
to the Truth and Reconciliation

Commission-ensuring a demo-
cratic transition.
Britain's arrest of Chile's Au-
gusto Pinochet in 1998 marked
the first time in recent history
that international justice caught
up with a former dictator. In
2001, Serbia handed over former
President Slobodan Milosevic to
an international court in The
Hague; in 2006 came Taylor's
extradition, after three years in
exile in Nigeria, to a United Na-
tions-backed tribunal in Sierra
Concern that Taylor's fate
would make other dictators more
reluctant to part with power was
widely expressed at the time,
said John Campbell, who served
as U.S. ambassador to Nigeria
and is now a senior fellow at the
Council on Foreign Relations.
The U.S. and other governments


believed that the deterrent effect
on others contemplating blood-
shed would outweigh that con-
cern, he said.
President Barack Obama's ad-
ministration has moved the U.S.
closer to embracing interna-
tional criminal justice, though
the U.S. hasn't ratified the ICC
statute and doesn't recognize
its jurisdiction, in part because
of fears that American soldiers
and politicians could find them-
selves prosecuted one day for
their involvement in the wars in
Afghanistan and Iraq.
When the U.N. Security Coun-
cil referred the violence in Dar-
fur to the ICC in 2005, resulting

in the indictment of Sudanese
President Omar al-Bashir,
the U.S. abstained. But last
month, the U.S. joined the entire
15-member Security Council in.
voting to refer Libya's regime to
the international court, and to
slap an asset freeze and travel
ban on Col. Gadhafi and his en-
The Security Council's refer-
ral gives the ICC jurisdiction
over Col. Gadhafi's regime even
though Libya hasn't acceded to
the ICC statute. The ICC's chief
prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocam-
po, said he has started an inves-
tigation that focuses on alleged
abuses by Col. Gadhafi, his sons
and close associates during the
recent revolt.
The.Libyan regime, while de-
nying it has targeted civilians,
has followed the international
sanctions and reports of the
ICC investigation by intensify-
ing air and artillery attacks on
opposition-held areas. An ICC
spokeswoman declined to com-
ment on whether the court's
investigation is prompting Col.
Gadhafi to fight with more de-
"It really relates to the ques-
tion .of unexpected conse-
quences: an ICC indictment, or
a possibility of an ICC indict-
ment, can cause dictators to
dig in their heels," says Mark
Quarterman, who helped run
U.N. investigations into the
assassinations of Lebanon's
Rafik Hariri and Pakistan's
Benazir Bhutto, and is a senior
adviser at the Center for Stra-
tegic and International Studies
in Washington.
SCol. Gadhafi has angrily
rejected suggestions that he
might flee Libya, insisting that
he still retains the love of most
Libyans, and that the reb-
els will be crushed soon. "He
can't imagine himself not be-
ing the great leader, and he'd
pay any price to stay in power,"
says Ahmad Wahdan, a former
Egyptian ambassador to Tripo-
li who has frequently met with
Col. Gadhafi.
Even if Col. Gadhafi decides
to run, his options are few.
Saudi Arabia, a conservative


monarchy that abhors revo-
lutions, has been the refuge
of choice for deposed Muslim
leaders: before welcoming Tu-
nisia's Ben Ali, it harbored
Uganda's infamous Idi Amin
and former Pakistani Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif.
But Col. Gadhafi is unlikely
to be welcomed by the Saudi
royals: In 2003, Saudi officials
say, the Libyan ruler ordered
the assassination of Saudi
King Abdullah in Mecca, a plot
foiled by Saudi intelligence
days before it was supposed to
be carried out.
The remaining options aren't
too appealing. Venezuela, ru-
mored as a possible exile des-
tination in the early days of the
uprising, has ratified the ICC
statute and would be obliged
to extradite the Libyan leader.
Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe,
another staunch Gadhafi ally,
is 87 years old; his succes-
sor would be likely to barter
a troublesome Libyan guest
for American favors, though
Zimbabwe has yet to ratify the
ICC statute and isn't obliged to
comply with the court.And Iran
still can't forgive Col. Gadhafi
for the death of a prominent
Shiite cleric who disappeared
during an official visit to Trip-
"If you're in his position,
why won't you fight to the very
end?" said Abrams, who was
deputy national security advis-
er in 2002-05. "You don't have
any other alternatives."

-AP Photo
Gov. Rick Scott signs his first bill surrounded by students of
Kipp Middle School on Thursday in Jacksonville. The legisla-
tion creates a merit pay plan tied to student test scores for
Florida teachers while ending tenure for new hires.

Teacher reform


Governor signs bill into law

By Randy Grice

Rick Scott, governor of Flor-
ida, signed Senate Bill 736
(SB 736) commonly known as
the Teacher Reform Act, last
Thursday at Jacksonville's
KIPP Impact Middle Charter
School. The major law aimed
at rewarding the best teach-
ers with higher pay and sift-
ing out bad teachers, gained
its final approval in the Florida
House. Similar bills were pro-
posed during former Florida
Governor Charlie Christ's ad-
ministration, but were unsuc-
cessful. Concerns have been
brought up about the possibil-
ity of teachers not wanting to
work in urban schools because
the institutions are bad and the
negative performance of those
students could reflect negative-
ly on them professionally.
Erik Fresen, state of Florida
representative, whom proposed
this piece of legislation, said
She-P "'pects the law will have a
positive impact on schools, es-
pecially urban schools. "I think
it will have a tremendously pos-
itive impact specifically on the
teachers that teach in urban
schools and, more important-
ly, on the students who attend
them. Current practice provides
no incentive for a highly effec-
tive teacher to want to teach at
that school and, worse, we have
no way of knowing which teach-
ers are actually the most effec-
tive in that environment," Fre-
sen said. "This bill will take a
giant leap forward in being able
to identify which teachers are
actually being effective or can
be effective in that environment
and we can allocate our best
assets to tflose at-risk students
and ensure that the pay system
rewards those teachers first, ir-
respective of time served.".
SB 736 mandates that half
of a teacher's evaluation will be
based on student performance
on standardized tests like the
Florida Comprehensive Assess-
ment Test (FCAT). The other

_I! I k It FiJ i I

half of the teacher's evaluation
will be left up to the school dis-
trict's discretion.

While the bill does have its
supporters, everyone is not
content with the legislation.
Gary Williams, Miami-Dade
County Public School teacher
said the bill does a disservice to
"We are teachers, we teach.
Sometimes it is not our fault
when students do not learn ev-
erything or have the best test
scores in the state," Williams
said. "I understand that law
"makers want to place the blame
of the students on someone but
I do not think the blame should
be carried by teachers, for the
most part we are doing the very
best we can and that is really
all they can ask of us."
In response to those that
have issues with the bill, Fre-
sen sites Florida law dating
)3at~W~o sh. E nco f thelentiairy
t, supportt his actions.
"Since 1999, Florida ,lw has
stated that a teacher's evalua-
tion should be primarily.based
on student learning. The psy-
chometric tools may not have
been around to measure that
then but they certainly are
now. This bill states that 50
percent not all of a teacher's
evaluation, not pay, will be
based on students learn-
ing gains, not a specific bar
of high achievement," Fresen
said. "Thus, this simply codi-
fies what has already been the
intent for over 12 years. Good
teachers, which are most, have
nothing to worry about. On the
contrary, for the first time they
will know what methods are
working and will be rewarded
when funds available in real
time based on their actual ef-
fort rather than being lumped
into a broad category of time
served that doesn't acknowl-
edge that effort or differenti-
ate from anyone else in that


*j6VC4 X,



Edmonson recognized as

South Florida Freedom's Sisters

Special to the Miami Times ily medicine and community Kendrick-Johnson, founder,
health at the University of Mi- Pumps, Pearls and Portfolios
On Saturday, March 19th, ami; Frederica S. Wilson, con- (PP&P); Saliha Nelson, vice
in recognition of Women's His- gresswoman, CEO, 5000 Role president, URGENT, INC. and
tory Month, Ford Motor Cor- Models; Thelma Gibson, CEO, Kathleen Woods-Richardson,
pany Fund, in partnership Theodore R. Gibson Memorial director, Miami-Dade County
with a Miami Gardens-based Fund; Camille Jones, direc- Department of Solid Waste
non-profit mentoring program, tor, Hands 2 Help, Inc.; Sharon Management.
The Embrace Girls Foundation,
Inc., hosted its South Florida
Freedom's Sisters Luncheon at
the Hollywood Beach Marri-
ott recognizing 20 remarkable
women. Vice Chairwoman Au-
drey M. Edmonson was among
the honorees.
Ford selected the honorees
after conducting a citywide
search for exceptional women
who exemplify dedication to so-
cial causes and humanitarian
efforts, all attributes possessed
by the 20 phenomenal women
who are part of the original
Freedom's Sisters national ex-
"We were amazed by the inspi-
rational stories of the extraor-
dinary women who touched
the lives of people in the South
Florida community," said Pa-
mela Alexander, director of the
Ford Motor Company Fund and
Community Services. "It was
a challenge to select just 20
South Florida Freedom's Sis-
ters as all of the nominees truly ^
embodied the spirit of the na-
tionally recognized Freedom's
Also honored were: Nichole
Anderson, police chief of South
Broward County; Alison D.
Austin, CEO TACOLCY Cen-
ter; Marleine Bastien, CEO
FANM Haitian Women of Mi-
ami; Armenthia Dozier-Hodge,
educator, Beacon Hill Prepa-
ratory School; Dorothy Jen-
kins Fields, CEO, The Black
Archives History and Research
Foundation of South Florida,
Inc.; Karen Andre, attorney and
legislative consultant; Georgia
Jones Ayers, director, The Al-
ternative Programs, Inc.; Fe-
licia M. Brunson, vice mayor,
City of West Park; Persephone
Tal f~lGary, faditlatd,f'Yduh ,. li .
Advisory Council; Shirley Gib- .
son, mayor, City of Miami Gar-
dens; Rosie Gordon-Wallace,
director, Diaspora Vibe and
Diaspora Vibe Cultural Arts ,4 s s
Incubator; Barbara J. Jordan,
Miami-Dade County Com-
missioner, District 1; Dr. Son-
jia Kenya, professor of fam-

Ievin Frazier co-host
of "The Insider"TV
show (l-r); Vice
Chairwoman Audrey
M. Edmonson; Dr.
Sonia Sanchez,
legendary poet, author
and activist; and
Pamela Alexander,
director, Ford Motor
Company Fund
and Community

'Biggest Loser'

setting sail

from Miami

this November
inaugural Biggest Loser Experi-
ence Cruise will set sail this com-
ing November offering guests
a fun-filled, educational and
guilt-free vacation. The seven-day
cruise aboard Celebrity Cruise's
Celebrity Eclipse ocean liner will
sail round-trip from Miami, on
Saturday, November 12 and head
to ports including San Juan,
Puerto Rico; Charlotte Amalie,
St. Thomas, and Philipsburg, St.
Maarten, including three luxuri-
ous days at sea, before heading.
back to Miami.
"The Biggest Loser" trainer
Bob Harper will join the cruise
to meet and mingle with guests.
Harper will give the two-hour
keynote speech, during which he
will discuss exercise, healthy liv-
ing, getting motivated and remov-
ing the roadblocks to success.
He will also join guests for a VIP
meet-and-greet cocktail hour. Ad-
ditional speakers and former fan
favorite contestants from "The
Biggest Loser" will be announced
in the coming months.
The Biggest Loser Experience
Cruise is licensed through NBCU-
niversal Television Consumer
Products and Reveille, LLC, the
company behind "The Biggest
Loser." NBCUniversal and Reveil-
le have joined with Life Journeys,
a pioneer in the event travel pro-
duction industry, to co-produce
the event.
"The biggest obstacles to
healthy living are the bad habits
we fall into over the years," said
"The Biggest Loser's" Bob Harp-
er, "and we hope that people will
jump at the chance to take a fun
vacation and learn about how
easy it is to adopt a healthy, ac-
tive lifestyle."

.-. : OPEN A MACY'S ACCOUNT FOR EXTRA 20% SAVINGS THE FIRST 2 DAYS WITH MORE REWARDS TO COME. Macy's credit card is available subject to credit approval; new account savings valid the day your account is opened and the
I- next day; excludes services, select licensed departments, gift cards, restaurants, gourmet food and wine. On furniture, mattresses and rugs/floor coverings, the new account savings is limitedd to SO00; application must qualify for immediate
approval to receive extra savings; employees not eligible.





Lets hope tomorrow will be better

By Arthur Lee Hall, Jr.

Recently, I received a
very encouraging, heart-
felt letter from The Miami
Times Senior Editor, D.-
Kevin McNeir and was .~ i
nearly moved to tears to ~ ''
find that he was truly HA
compassionate towards my time
of trouble at one point stat-
ing "and I do not know how you
have dealt with being incarcer-
ated for such a long amount of
For a moment, I had to stop
and think, allowing myself time
to examine the 19 years of my
incarceration with regards to
my way of thinking throughout
the years and the only explana-
tion that I could come up with
was that my faith in God has
given me the strength to never
stop believing that tomorrow
will be better than today.

At times, though, opti-
mism has not been easy
to maintain, especially
after being disappointed
again and again by a
system that has repeat-
edly denied my legiti-
mate please for relief. On
ALL many occasions, I have
wanted to just throw my hands
up and surrender to a release
date set for 2033, warily accept-
ing a prison term that I must
serve until I am 62-years-old.
I've often asked myself why I
should continue to seek deliver-
ance when all my previous at-
tempts have failed.
Indeed it has been an ongoing
challenge for me to press on in
spite of the fact that my every-
day struggle for ability to dream
of a future that I could appre-
ciate, I'm almost certain that
I would have given up a long
time ago. And if it wasn't for the

sweet taste that the word free-
dom leaves inside of my mouth
every time it is uttered, my de-
sire to achieve it much sooner
than my sentencing documents
indicate could not have survived
all these years.
But it is not merely my abil-
ity to keep hope alive that has
brought me this far it is the
strong belief that those things
hope for will actually become a
part of my reality in due time.
For in my heart, I truly believe
that my hopes and dreams are
not artificial and because of
that, I am able to march on-
ward with the expectation of
reaching a happy ending.
Speaking of happy endings -
I wonder if the homeless man
in Ohio, Ted Williams, knew
that he would become a na-
tional sensation the day he
hit the streets panhandling
with his handmade sign. If he


than today
didn't know it, being that he
went through all the trouble
of giving the person who re-
corded the video a sample of
his radio personality skills, he
had to at least believe that his
"God-given gift of voice" would
move someone to help make
his day financially better than
the day before. But instead of
receiving chump change from
a sympathetic giver, he found
himself thrust into the media
spotlight, ultimately receiving
all sorts of major job offers.
Some may argue that Wil-
liams was simply motivated
by his addiction to drugs and
alcohol on the day he was
recorded panhandling. But
whatever his motivation may
have been, the fact remains
that because God gave him
the courage to wake up and
face another day, his begging
days are over.

Opponents fight HIV criminalization laws

Wilson says support, not oppression, should be our policy

By Jimmie Davis, Jr.

There's an intense battle
brewing between individuals
who deliberately or inadver-
tently infect someone with HIV
according to the New York City-
based Center for HIV Law and
Policy (CHLP). Across the na-
tion more cases have been cited
where HIV criminalization laws
have been used to put victims
of the dreaded disease behind
Over one-half of the states
have ratified laws that single
out people who transmit the
disease to someone else Flor-
ida is one of them.
"These laws focus on only
one thing and that's someone's
HIV status," said Rene Bennett-
Carlson, managing attorney
(CHLP). "These laws, prosecu-
tions and arrests are based on
fear and .stigma. They fail tRo
use the best public health prac-
Bennett says the laws may
discourage people from going
out and getting tested for HIV
because that knowledge cut
place them in jeopardy of later
facing criminal charges.
"Why know your status if it
could make you a criminal?"
she asked. "These laws discrim-
inate against all HIV-positive
persons regardless of race, gen-
der or sexual orientation."

The CHLP is a focal point for
people living with HIV and has
launched the Positive Justice
Project, which created a manual
entitled "Ending and Defending
Against HIV Criminalization."
The manual cites
Florida Statute
384.24(2), "Unlawful
acts relating to HIV ex-
posure." In summary,
the law says that an
infected person with
HIV must disclose that
information with the
other party before they
engage in sexual en- Il

But efforts to "criminalize"
those with HIV can be in a re-
cent Michigan case in which
a man was charged under the
state's anti-terrorism law with
possession of a "biological
weapon" after he allegedly bit
his neighbor.
Further investigation by The
Miami Times has revealed that
the Global Network of People
living with HIV/AIDS (GNP+)
has more facts and figures re-
garding HIV criminalization
and has an offshoot called
Global Criminalization Scan
(the Scan), which drives home
the statistics of policies that
have an impact on the HIV com-
According to the Scan's latest
update in November 2009, the

U.S. has an estimated number
of 448,871 people living with
While the number may be ap-
pear small, 345 people have
been charged with crimes re-
lated to their HIV sta-



tus, either due to their
refusal to inform oth-
ers prior or due to al-
leged attempts to pur-
posely expose or infect
Missouri has insti-
tuted the death pen-
alty for HIV transmis-
In Florida there is an

estimated number of 46,663
people living with HIV. So far,
the number of people prose-
cuted as of 2003 were 32 and
the number of convictions were
23. Even former U.S. Olym-
pic equestrian and part-time
Ocala resident Darren Chi-
acchia, was booked i the
Marion County jail in 2010 and
charged with violating Florida
Statute 384.24(2).
Congresswoman Frederica S.
Wilson says that HIV criminal-
ization statutes are simply not
the solution.
'"Our criminal justice system
should assist and not discrimi-
nate against people living with
HIV," she said. "The Black com-
munity has been ravaged by the
occurrence of HIV/AIDS."

Wilson says it's imperative for
our society to promote preven-
tion, testing and treatment pro-
grams. To that end, she says she
supports all efforts that assist
those living with HIV whether
it is sponsoring legislation re-
quiring HIV testing for prison-
ers re-entering society or lob-
bying Congress for the passage
of legislation to allow OraSure
testing for HIV and to provide
continuous funding for the HIV
testing program at Jackson Me-
morial Hospital.
The Congressional Black Cau-
cus Foundation (CBCF) and the
Act Against AIDS Leadership
Initiative (AAALI) have joined
forces to prepare steps to in-
crease the community's aware-
ness of HIV criminalization.
They plan to do this by ac-
quiring social justice for indi-
viduals that are targeted by
HIV criminalization and say
hope to see civil rights organi-
zations get involved.
Lisa F. Bediako, spokesper-
son for the CBCF and AAALI
says they are turning up the
heat to counteract HIV crimi-
nalization by working with the
Positive Justice Project, CHLP
and others.
"We want to educate policy
makers on the impact this is
having on people with HIV,
their families and communi-
ties," Bediako said. "We must
prevent and overturn policies
that discriminate."

Justice widens Blue Cross probe across several states

By Thomas Catan & Avery Johnson

Justice Department is widen-
ing a probe of Blue Cross Blue
Shield health insurance plans
in several states, examining
whether they are effectively
Raising health-insurance pre-
miums by striking agreements
with hospitals that stifle com-
petition from rival insurers.
Federal investigators, as well
as some state attorneys gener-
al, have sent civil subpoenas to
"Blue" health plans in Missouri,
Ohio, Kansas, West Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina
and the District of Columbia,
according to. people familiar
with the matter.
The investigation is looking at
whether dominant health plans
around the country are forcing
hospitals to sign anticompeti-
tive contracts that inhibit them
in doing business with their ri-
The Justice Department's in-
vestigation comes amid efforts
by the administration of Presi-
dent Barack Obama to rein in
rising costs as part of its sweep-
ing health-care overhaul.
Republicans have said the
Affordable Care Act, Obama's
signature domestic policy
achievement, will lead to higher
insurance premiums. Show-
ing that the administration can
counter rising premiums by en-
couraging greater competition
could help win support for the
law from a skeptical public. The
contractual provisions under
scrutiny are known as "most-
favored nation" clauses, which
usually stipulate that hospitals
must charge the insurers' com-

petitors equal or higher prices
for medical services.
Such clauses can simply
be guarantees to get the best
pricing available, but they can
violate antitrust laws if used
improperly by a dominant com-
pany to hobble competitors.
Blue plans tend to be state-
or region-based and can have

the market clout to strike such
deals with hospitals. National
plans, such as UnitedHealth
Group Inc. and Aetna Inc., typi-
cally lack the concentration of a
Blue plan in a given local mar-
A Justice Department spokes-
woman said: "The antitrust
division is investigating the
possibility of anticompetitive
practices involving MFN clauses
in various parts of the country."
WellPoint Inc., a for-profit
insurer that runs the Blue
plans in Ohio and Missouri,
confirmed it had received civil
investigative demands from
state authorities. The com-
pany said its contracts merely
helped ensure that it is not

beiilg disadvantaged.
Such clauses "are a prudent
buying practice and produce
real cost benefits and efficien-
cies for our members," a Well-
Point spokeswoman said.
Last fall, the Justice Depart-
ment filed suit against Blue
Cross Blue Shield of Michigan,
accusing it of hobbling rivals

through anticompetitive agree-
ments with hospitals that, it
said, likely raised health-care
costs and insurance premiums
for state residents.
The government's lawsuit ac-
cused Michigan's Blue Cross of
inking agreements with about
half the state's acute care hospi-
tals, stipulating that they must
charge its rivals equal or higher
prices for health-care proce-
dures. In some cases, the Jus-
tice Department suit alleged,
the contracts required that hos-
pitals charge Blue Cross's com-
petitors up to 40 percent more.
In effect, the Justice Depart-
ment alleged, Blue Cross al-
lowed hospitals to raise their
prices as long as they raised

them even more for its competi-

HOUSTON (AP) Houston
police say a man driving a pick-
up carrying three children led
officers on a high-speed chase
that ended in gunfire. The chil-
dren weren't hurt.
Police say an officer spotted
the man arguing with a woman
in the truck Saturday night.
As the officer approached, the
man pulled the woman out of
the truck, jumped in and sped
KTRK-TV reports police fol-

lowed the truck without know-
ing three children were inside.
Police chased the man for
more than 20 minutes. At one
point, he stopped and another
man jumped out.
The chase ended when the
man slammed into a metal
fence, got out of the truck and
began running. An officer shot
him in the leg when he pulled
something black from his pock-
It was a cellphone.

Woman charged after boy found wandering streets
A Hialeah mother was arrested after her four-year-old son was found alone wandering
the streets.
A sanitation worker was on his regular route when he spotted the boy in the 200 block
of East 57th Street. He went up to the boy and asked him if was all right and where he
Hialeah police spokesman Detective Carl Zogby said when the boy's mother, 28-year-
old Jacqueline Perez, answered she looked like she had just woken up and appeared to
be intoxicated.
According to the officers who were sent to Perez's apartment, it was dirty and had little
food. The Department of Children and Families was notified and the boy was placed in the
care of the maternal grandmother.
Perez, who works as a dancer at The Pink Pony in Doral, finally admitted to investiga-
tors that she had been smoking marijuana and drinking.
She was arrested and charged with child neglect.

ICE Officer charged with sexual battery on child
A deportation officer was relieved of his duties pending an investigation into a sexual
assault case of a 16-year-old girl.
Fifty-year-old Neil Julien is accused of sexually assaulting his former girlfriend's
16-year-old daughter during the summer of 2005, from May to August. At the time, Julien
was the woman's live-in boyfriend, police said.
Julien, employed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) at the Krome Deten-
tion Center, later separated from the woman.
In 2010, Julien was arrested on an unrelated charge, at that time; the victim disclosed
that Julien sexually assaulted her.
He was charged with two counts of sexual battery on a child under 12 years of age.The
charge has no bond.

Fort Lauderdale
Arrestees claim BSO reality show producers paid them
The sheriff of Broward County is not happy with the producers of a reality show featur-
ing his deputies after they were accused of paying some of the people who were arrested
on film.
The show, "Police Women of Broward County," airs on TLC.
Several people recently arrested by the officers featured on the program claimed show
producers offered to pay them money in exchange for consent to use their faces on TV.
One man said the producers even posted his $500 bond.
"We arrest these people and you bond them out. That doesn't make any sense. This is
not a game," said Broward County Sheriff Al Lamberti.
Lamberti said the payoffs were made behind the Broward Sheriff's Office's back, and
the agency threatened to pull the plug on the program if the company didn't change its
tactics to get consent from the suspects.

Grand jury indicts suspect in double slaying
A Broward County grand jury has indicted a Hollywood man on two counts of first-
degree murder and several other charges in the slaying of two Wilton Manors men, a
police spokeswoman said.
Kevin Mark Powell, 47, and Stephen Duane Adams, 52 were partners for 29 years.They
were shot repeatedly, and their bodies were found inside their home on Dec. 26, police
Peter Serge Avsenew, 26, was arrested two days'later in Polk County after he was
found driving a vehicle that belonged to one of the victims.
Grand jurors indicted Avsenew on two counts of first-degree murder, two counts of
armed robbery, possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, unlawful use of a credit card,
and grand theft auto, according to Alesia Furdon, spokeswoman for Wilton Manors police.
Add!,ii:.'ii detailsotthe events that le'dto the slayinghave not been released.

Man leads police on chase

with three children in car





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Rebels regain control of key Libyan city

NATO to take over attacks on

Gadhafi's ground forces

By Sam Dagher, Keith
Johnson And Stephen Fidler

Libyan rebels regained con-
trol of the eastern gateway city
of Ajdabiya on Saturday after
international airstrikes on Col.
Moammar Gadhafi's forces,
the Associated Press reported,
in the first major turnaround
that comes as the North Atlan-
tic Treaty Organization was ex-
pected to take control of all mil-
itary operations in the country.
Drivers honked in celebration
and flew the tricolor rebel flag,
according to the AP. Others in
the city fired their guns into the
air and danced on burned-out
tanks that littered the road.
Ajdabiya's return to rebel
hands Saturday came after a
week of airstrikes and missiles
against the Libyan leader's mili-
Meanwhile, NATO, which
agreed to assume responsibility
for operating a no-fly zone over
Libya, is expected to agree to
expand that role soon to incor-
porate all military operations
there. "We expect a decision to

take over all operations in the
next few days," said Oana Lung-
escu, a NATO spokeswoman.
Once a decision is made, the
transfer of power will take some
time. Even after NATO takes
over, the U.S. military would
still carry out operations.
This would allow the com-
mand and control of operations,
including attacks on govern-
ment forces on the ground, to
be brought under one umbrella,
thereby reducing the risks to
those carrying out the mission,
diplomats said.
"The full gamut of potential
assistance that we might of-
fer, both on the nonlethal and
the lethal side, is a subject of
discussion within the U.S. gov-
ernment," Gene Cretz, the U.S,
ambassador to Tripoli, told re-
porters in Washington.
Cretz said, however, that the
administration has made "no
final decisions...on any aspect
of that."
On Saturday, Libyan rebels
regained control of the eastern
gateway city of Ajdabiya after
international airstrikes on Col.

Gadhafi's forces.
Saif Sadawi, a 20-year-old
rebel fighter, said the city's
eastern gate fell late Friday and
the western gate fell at dawn
Saturday after airstrikes on
both those locations, according
to the AP.
In the capital, Tripoli, which
remains firmly under Col. Gad-
hafi's control under tight se-
curity, opposition groups had
planned anti-regime demon-
strations in at least two neigh-
borhoods, Fashloum and Taju-
ra, for Friday. But there were no
signs of protests, even within
the confines of mosques where
such actions have occurred
over the past few weeks.
On the main street in
Fashloum, men quietly filed out
of several mosques in the area
after the end of the traditional
weekly prayers amid heavy
presence by undercover secu-
rity officers. Several police cars
were parked off a roundabout
at the top-end of the street.
In the capital's Souq al-
Juma'a neighborhood, three
residents said gun-totting pro-
Gadhafi forces were present
inside every alley, especially
at night. "To go out means you
want to die," said one, adding
that arrests continue of anyone

r 4_ 7 "

A man holding a Kingdom of Libya flag stands atop a burnt tank on the outskirts of the town of

suspected of opposition to the
regime continue. "This is Trip-
In Tripoli, the government
used the coalition's bombing of
several military installations
over the past week, including
the naval academy early on
Friday, to portray the coalition
as Western aggressors, or "cru-
saders" out to destroy the Mus-
lim nation.
During a news conference
in Tripoli, Libyan government
spokesman Moussa Ibrahim
described the .crisis in Libya
as a "civil war." Although the

government previously warned
about the prospect of a civil
war, it never characterized the
situation as such, insisting it
was fighting alleged al Qaeda
militants who were manipulat-
ing naive youth and opposition
Separately, an official with
the health ministry said a to-
tal of 114 people have been
killed and 445 wounded in co-
alition bombardment through
Wednesday. The official, Khalid
Omar, declined to provide the
civilian-military breakdown.
Libyan authorities have con-

tinuously insisted that civilians
have been targeted in the bom-
bardment but have offered no
credible proof so far.
Misrata, Libya's third-largest
city, has been besieged by Col.
Gadhafi's forces for nearly a
month. On Friday, Misrata resi-
dents& continued to flee to the
northern tip of the city, near
the coastline with some moving
into empty schools and other
public buildings, as Col. Gad-
hafi's forces clashed with reb-
els in the city's northwestern
outskirts in a bid to gain more


Up to one million

have fled Ivory Coast

violence, U.N. says

By Adam Nossiter

DAKAR, Senegal As many
as one million people have fled
their homes in Ivory Coast's
main city, Abidjan, to escape
the increasing violence and
collapsing economy stemming
from the nation's political cri-
sis, the United Nations said re-
Daily gunfire spurred by Lau-
rent Gbagbo's efforts to stay in
power after losing a presiden-
tial election in November has
pushed thousands of residents
out of neighborhoods surround-
ing the city's central districts,
while the closing of banks and
businesses have led to wide-
spread unemployment.
"The massive displacement in
Abidjan and elsewhere is being
fueled by fears of all-out war," a
spokesperson for the U.N. High
Commissioner for Refugees told
reporters recently in Geneva,
estimating that 700,000 to one
million people had already left

their homes.
"Bus terminals are over-
crowded with passengers des-
perate to get seats on vehicles
heading to northern, central
and eastern parts of the country
where there has been no fight-
ing so far," an agency spokes-
woman, Melissa Fleming, said.
In Abidjan, Gbagbo's security
forces have waged an armed
campaign against neighbor-
hoods loyal to the man recog-
nized by international bodies
as the winner of the presiden-
tial election, Alassane Ouat-
tara, killing at least 25 people
with mortar shells at a market
last week, the United Nations
This month, unarmed dem-
onstrators against his rule were
mowed down with machine-
gun fire. Guerrilla fighters have
waged attacks against Gbagbo's
forces in Abidjan, while civil-
ians, caught in the crossfire,
are now deserting, neighbor-
hoods wholesale.

-Associated Press
With possessions balanced on their heads, about 1,000 people
frantically await evacuation in Abidjan.

The United Nations and Afri-
can political bodies have been
unable to stop the attacks on ci-
vilians, despite the presence of
a large U.N. peacekeeping force
in Abidjan and repeated visits
to the city by political leaders
from across the continent seek-
ing to mediate a settlement.
At the United Nations, France
and Nigeria are calling for ad-
ditional sanctions on Gbagbo
and his inner circle to add
to those imposed late last year
by the European Union and
the United States as well as
a ban on heavy weapons use in

Travis McNeil mural unveiled

Bordering a mural of Travis Mc-
Neil are the names- of the other six
casualties: DeCarlos Moore, 36,
Joel Lee Johnson, 16, Gibson Ju-
nior Belizaire, 21, Tarnorris Tyrell
Gaye, 19, Brandon Foster, 22 and
Lynn Weatherspoon, 27.
The unveiling of the wall paint-
ing also served as a candlelight
vigil for McNeil during which time
the community, family and friends
gathered to pay their respects.
"I like the painting," said
10-year-old Travis McNeil Jr. "It
reserves a place in our hearts for
my father."
Travis Jr. says he's holding up
well given the circumstances of
his father's murder by the police.
He said that school is going
along fine; he wants to attend col-
lege and become a veterinarian.
However, he says that his sleep-
ing patterns have changed.
"I wake up during the night and
have nightmares," he said.
Jahron Brown, 27, had been
friends with McNeil for the last 13
years and says the deaths of the
seven Black men by the Miami
police have devastated the entire
"It's been all Spanish cops that
killed these men and all they get is
a slap on the wrist," he said. "We
never get a final answer it's al-
ways an ongoing investigation."
Gary Black, 29, is in the process
of putting the finishing touches on
a video he is filming to bring about
social awareness of what's taking
place here in Miami. He says that
he wants to keep the death of his
beloved friend McNeil, and the
other men, on the forefront so jus-
tice can prevail.
"Every time you pass by the
store you'll remember these men
who were killed by the police,"
Jackson said. "We have to keep

this issue alive."
Sheila McNeil, mother of Travis,
is determined to keep her son's
death in the public's eye and com-
mends the community for their re-
lentless love and support.
"You have done a good job," she
said. "Something positive will
come from these deaths."
She adds that she and others
will continue to make inquiries
about her son's tragic death and
the murders of the others whose
cases'still remain open.
"We are not going away," she

With the recent visit of the Rev.
Al Sharpton, the McNeil family be-
ing interviewed for a news article
that was published in The New
York Times and their television ap-
pearance on MSNBC, Miami has
gotten national exposure.
Ron Robinson, 35, brother of
McNeil reiterated the sentiments
of his mother and said it's impor-
tant that city officials realize this
is not a game.
"We will be here until justice
prevails," Robinson said. "We have
to put political pressure on them.
Change is going to come behind
my brother's death."
Assisting the families in obtain-
ing justice and bringing change to
Miami's police department is City
Commissioner Richard P. Dunn, II.
Dunn was present at the mural/
candlelight vigil and says it was a
good way to give tribute to the men
who were killed by the police.
"These families are saying
enough is enough," he said. "Any-
way, shape, form or fashion I will
support them. That's why I'm
Cider, Cynic, Crunk, Flo-Joe

and Stab are members of the graf-
fiti crew (TCP-VCR) who painted
the mural of McNeil in one day.
"The whole crew is honored
to memorialize his face on the
store," said crew members. "This
was Travis "Giz" favorite spot."
Store owner Omar Tawil, 31,
said he didn't have a problem
with the mural when he was ap-
proached by the family.
"I told them to go ahead," Tawil
said. "I knew Travis very well
and it was wrong of the police to
shoot him. He had no weapon."
Bryan Luster, 34, says he likes
the mural.
It's very beautiful," he said.
"But we're really here because
we want the killings of our
brothers by police officers .to



Call toll free to speak with an Admissions Counselor

Arlmn ,.inn Hniiinc M n hm 7 m nm am Rn, Fi i 1 h rn Cnm .S (Jam Inm

The United Nations estimates
that nearly 500 people have
been killed since the election;
Ouattara puts the figure at
nearly double that. The mortar
attack last week may amount
to "crimes against humanity,"
the United Nations said, but a
spokesman for Gbagbo later
riposted with a blast against
"Western media" for spreading
"false information," warning
that international journalists
there would be considered a
"media extension of prevailing

By Randy Grice

Nearly five years after nine-
year-old Sherdavia Jenkins
was murdered in a drive-by
shooting, she is still being
remembered. Da-

vid Jenkins Sr.,
father of Sherda-
via, along with City
of Miami officials
and members of the
community held a
press conference
on March 24 to re-
member Sherdavia
and advance their
mission of fighting
violence in the.com-

to do this every year, as much
as we can, because we need
to raise awareness about the
violence that is happening in
our neighborhoods."
District 5 City Commis-
sioner Richard P. Dunn II,


The conference was held
at the Sherdavia Jenkins
Park, located at N.W. 62nd
Street and 12th Avenue. The
park was dedicated to her af-
ter her death. "We are basi-
cally here leading the fight
against violence and hunger
and other things that are
plaguing our community," her
father said. "We are planning

took the podium
to deliver a prayer
and words about
the event. "It is
great to know
that this will be a
perpetual event,"
SDunn said. David
Also mentioned
that he will be hav-
ing a meeting with
the City of Miami
Parks and Recre-

*".-'a" nation about a proj-
ect he is working on called
"Take. Pride in your Commu-
nity." The project is aimed at
deterring violence in the Mi-
ami community. Damon Dar-
ling was found guilty of man-
slaughter in the tragic death
of Sherdavia, who was hit by
a stray bullet while playing
on her front porch in Liberty
City in 2006.

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Citizenship/Natrualization Investment/Business Visas
Immigration Criminal Issues

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Legal Studies Criminal Justice
Interdisciplinary Studies
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Sherdavia Jenkins' legacy





History documents Black women's battles against racism
History documents Black women's battles against racism

Brutal assault: not

enough to deter

By D. Kevin McNeir

Recy Taylor, 91, is a former
Alabama native now living in
the quiet, central Florica town
of Winter Haven. A recert fall in
her home kept her from talking
about her earlier years inAbbev-
ille, Alabama, where sle once
lived with her husband and their
firstborn child. And it was in
that tiny Alabama enclave that
Taylor, then-24 and on her way
home from church, was abduct-
ed at gunpoint by a marauding
gang of seven white men six of
whom would rape her in an open
field. They then dumped her bat-
tered body on the road back to
town, warning her that if she
talked, they would return and
"kill her."
Author Danielle L: McGuire,
an assistant professor n the
History Department at Wayne
State University in Detroit, re-
tells the story of Taylor and
many others in her powerful,
new book, At the Dark End of
the Street: Black Women. Rape
and Resistance a New Histo-
ry of the Civil Rights Movement
from Rosa Parks to the Rise of
Black Power (Knopf, 2010. Both
women were recently featured on
National Public Radio.

But how did McGuire, a college
professor from the North become
interested in the struggles of
Black women in the years prior
to, during and after the civil

, .


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FAMU CO-EDS UNITE: FAMU'S female students rallied behind their fellow classmate, Betty Jean
Owens, after she was raped by four white men.The case went to trial and the men were all convicted.

-Photos courtesy Danielle L. McGuire
MARCHING WOMEN: Black women, mostly domestic work-
ers, were among the unheralded leaders who walked to work dur-
ing the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

rights movement?
"I was always fascinated with
the history of the civil rights
movement and was reading Black
newspapers from the 1940s and
50s and saw these front page
stories about Black women who
had been beaten and raped -
more often than not, their white
assailants escaped prosecution,"
she said. "The more I read, the
more cases I discovered and
these stories simply were not
part of the national narrative.
What those brave women en-
dured went against all I had ever
read about women supposedly
choosing to suffer in silence. In

fact, hundreds of Black women
risked their lives just to testify
against the men who had beaten
and often raped them. And the
men in their lives, fathers, hus-
bands, brothers and cousins,
risked their own lives as well to
protect these women and their
Ironically, it would be the
Taylor case that prepared then-
NAACP principal investigator
Rosa Parks for her own tra-
vails over a decade later during
the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
It was Parks who first spoke to
Taylor, under threat of violence
from local law officials, and took

her findings back to the State
Capitol (Montgomery) where the
NAACP officers were located.
"The 1959 case of Florida
A&M student Betty Jean Owens
would become my master's the-
sis," McGuire added. "She was
a college co-ed on a double date
- four white men abducted her
and raped her for close to three
hours. But a young Florida State
intern was on duty at the police
precinct and with her friends'
help, he identified the men, ar-
rested and charged them and
got their confessions. Most white
men believed they had nothing
to fear from the law or the courts
- since both usually consisted
of other white men. But this case'
is so amazing because the stu-
dents led a protest, forced the
governor to indict the men -
and all four got life sentences.

McGuire's book is an indict-

ment against the U.S. legal sys-
tem and police departments
across the country, particu-
larly in the South, that failed to
protect Black women from the
whims and viciousness of white
men. And it adds to the history
of the civil rights movement, il-
lustrating the fact that the fight
for equal rights wasjust as much
a battle led by women as it was
one directed by men.
"When you consider the hun-
dreds, probably even thousands,
of Black women who were abused
and harassed on city buses, and
realize that for women a bus was
a potential and frequent site for
violence, then the bus boycott
looks quite different it be-
comes another part of the wom-
en's rights movement."
McGuire admits that she has
received her fair share of hate
mail since the publication and
now promotion of her book.
She says it's just northern folks
working out their frustrations

or those "still stuck in the Civil
"I have been at two college
campuses and a Black baptist
church in Detroit this week to
talk about the book and most
of my audiences were excited to
have this addition to the civil
rights narrative, yet they're sad-
dened to realize how many wom-
en and their families were forced
to suffer. I am amazed when I re-
alize that I have reported just a
fraction of what was happening."
Consider the testimony of Mis-
sissippi freedom fighter Fannie
Lou Hamer, also quoted in the
book, who remembers hear-
ing tales of her grandmother's
tragic life: 20 of the 23 children
she [Liza Bramlett] gave birth to
were products of rape.
Incidentally, Taylor was offered
an "apology" from leaders of the
rural southeast Alabama com-
munity on March 21, 2011. The
majority of men who raped her
are now dead.

Congresswoman Frederica Wilson
State Senator Larcenia Bullard
Former State Representative Yolly Roberson
Former State Representative Beryl Roberts Burke
State Representative Daphne Campbell
State Representative Cynthia Stafford
State Representative Barbara Watson
Mayor Shirley Gibson, Miami-Gardens
Mayor Helen Miller, Opa-Locka

Mayor Myra Taylor, Opa-Locka Commisioner Velma Palmer City of South Miami
Mayor Anna Price, South Miami Commmissioner Gail Miller, Opa-Locka
Mayor Daisy Black, El Portal Commmissioner Rose Tydus, Opa-Locka
Vice Mayor Dottie Johnson, Opa-Locka School Board Member Dorothy Bendross-Mindingall
Vice Chairperson Audrey Edmonson, Miami-Dade Former School Board Member Joyce Knox
Former Chairperson Dr. Barbara Carey-Shuler, Miami-Dade Former Councilwoman Sharon Pritchett, Miami Gardens
Former Commmissioner Betty Ferguson, Miami-Dade Councilwoman Felicia Robinson, Miami Gardens
Former Commissioner Michelle Spence-Jones, City of Miami Councilwoman Lisa Davis, Miami Gardens
Commissioner Barbara Jordan, Miami-Dade Councilwoman Marie Elande Steril, North Miami

Paid Political Advertisement. Paid for by the campaign to elect Julio Robaina for Miami-Dade Mayor.


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Hilton rewards Booker T. High students for hard work

By D. Kevin McNeir

Sixteen students from Over-
town's Booker T. Washington
High School arrived at the
Bentley Hilton Hotel on South
Beach for their monthly meet-
ing' and luncheon with their
mentors all part of the
"School to Work Program" fa-
cilitated by Big Brothers Big
Sisters (BBBS) of Greater
Miami on Monday, March
28th. But to their surprise,
they discovered that due iii
part to the generosity of Ju-
lie Grimes, managing partner
for the Hilton, each has been
guaranteed a college scholar-
ship once they complete their
high school education.
What lies ahead for these
students? They must continue
to earn good grades, display
upstanding citizenship and
continue to meet regularly
with their mentors.
Grimes has committed
$25,000 that is eligible for
matching funds through the
Miami Dade College (MDC)
Foundation and the Take
Stock in Children Miami
Dade (TSIC). The newly-es-
tablished partnership, along
with BBBS, is aimed at help-
ing at-risk students through a
holistic combination of work-
place mentoring, student sup-
port services and financial
resources for continued edu-
For the past four months,
the little brothers and sisters
of Booker T. have met their-
big brothers and sisters at
the DoubleTree Grand Hotel
on Biscayne and the Bentley
Hilton, shadowing their men-
tors and receiving valuable
"We're delighted to be in-
volved with this life-changing
program and with Miami's

poverty level rating one of the
highest in the country, one
of the tragic impacts is an
extremely high level of high
school drop outs," Grimes
said. "Miami's business com-
munity can change this un-
acceptable dynamic. For just
a few hours each month, they
can make a world of differ-
ence in a child's life by expos-
ing them to the workplace and
helping them see the possibili-
ties beyond their existing situ-

some doors for greater things
to come."
Reyes, 31, a sales manager
and six-year veteran of the
Hilton, says working with stu-
dents like Calvin is easy be-
cause they want to learn.
"We look at his grades and
talk about his future goals and
I try to show him the impor-
'tance of seeking out sound ad-
vice and networking," he said.
"But he comes ready to work -
arid to learn."
Principal William Aristide,
who took over the reigns at the
. . ..]|

classmates have had their eyes
opened and see that there re-
ally is light at the end of the
tunnel," Stewart-Revere. "With
the help of the smaller learn-
ing communities funding, we
are able to keep these kinds of
programs alive. Before our stu-
dents would say 'I can't' now
they say 'What do I need to do
to get to college and beyond?'"
Gale Nelson, vice president
BBBS Greater Miami says the
School to Work program is the
fastest component from among
the offerings of Big. Brothers

-,.- .

-Miami Times Photo/D. Kevin McNeir
SUCCESS: Booker T. Washington High (BTWH) scored a coup with 16 scholarships provided by
the Hilton Bentley Hotel. Here they celebrate the news with Principal William Aristide (1-r), Men-

tor Manuel Reyes, Scholarship
Services BTWH.

Booker T. High sophomore
Calvin Collins, 16, loves play-
ing football and has found
a recent penchant for writ-
ing, thanks to the guidance
of his English teacher, Miss
"She believes in me and my
work and so does my mentor,
Marnuel Reyes," Collins said.
"I get to follow him [Reyes]
around at his job and it has
really opened my eyes and

Recipient Calvin Collins and Dr. Yelena Stewart-Revere, Student

high school late last fall, says
the program has been success-
ful because of the leadership
of Dr. Yelena Stewart-Revere,
who spearheads initiatives
that improve students' grades
and prepare them for college.
"When you have success sto-
ries like this with scholarships
to college and jobs for youth,
it's truly a wonderful thing to
share," he said. "We are proud
of all of our students."
"Calvin is a motivated young
man and what's really wonder-
ful to see is how he and his

Big Sisters. But more mentors
are needed.
"We have a waiting list of
1,000 students, mostly Black
boys so you see the demand
is great," he said. "Sometimes
I can't get people into some
communities but I can get
these kids to their work places.
Some of our youth have even
gotten jobs. Right now we serve
over 500 students with 21 cor-
porate partners. The question
I have for the business leaders
of Miami is why wouldn't you
get involved?"

continued from 1A.

as a Miami-based concert pro-
But "Uncle Luke" to which he
is referred by many of his friends
and fans, says he has always had
his hands in politics and now
that his career as a performer
has died down, it's time to use
his skills in the domain of public
"In cities like Detroit and At-
lanta, you have vibrant young
mayors who have been elected
and challenged the status quo -
those same old career politicians
that are not advancing their cit-
ies," he said. "That's why I am
running: to shock this system
and bring about some real posi-
tive change to Miami-Dade Coun-
Campbell says he feels that it
has always been his destiny to
get involved in politics and points
to his mother's influence as one
source of confirmation.
"My mother named me after

Martn Luther and said she just
felt that one day I would be the
kind of person that worked for
the betterment of their communi-
ty," he said. "That's exactly what
I want to do and have been do-
ing for close to 30 years here in

"I have learned a lot about lo-
cal politics since I first began my
work with The Liberty City Opti-
mist Club, working to get funding
for that and other programs and
then sitting down with trailblaz-
ers like Arthur Teele, Barbara
Carey-Shuler, Kendrick Meek,
Dorothy Bendross-Mindingall
and most recently Oscar Branon.
We have had some tremendous
dialogues about how to energize
our young people and reduce the
crime on our streets."
As for County government,
he believes that for far too long,
many of the County's residents
have been lied to and promised
things that have never come to

"Look at the way Jackson Hos-
pital was put together or the
whole Scott Carver [Hope VI]
project where an entire commu-
nity has been displaced both
are examples of county govern-
ment not working for the people.
We have grown tired of seeing
politicians being paraded into
our churches and our parks, tell-
ing us one thing and then doing
something else."
He adds that he favors term
limits at the County level, par-
ticularly after seeing some politi-
cians hold seats for 10 years or 18
years and leave office with things
worse than when they were first
Campbell says that before you
discount his legitimacy as a can-
didate, he wants the public to
know that he believes he can re-
ally win and bring much-needed
change to the County.
"If anyone can win this I think
I can; I have a great relationship
with the Latin community, I am
a successful businessman and

Obama shifts power to NATO forces

continued from 1A

community for collective ac-
tion, because, contrary to the
claims of some, American
leadership is not simply a
matter of going it alone."
After Obama spoke, some
Republicans said he still had
not laid out a clear bench-
mark for success in Libya,
and that he was wrong to ex-
clude regime change from the
military mission.

"If I were Gadhafi, I might
feel a little better tonight,"
said Sen. John McCain (R.,
Ariz.), Obama's GOP oppo-
nent in the 2008 election.
"The president should have
acted weeks before he did,
and done so using much
clearer guiding principles
and with a more clearly de-
fined strategy," said Sen. Roy
Blunt (R., Mo.), in a state-
Obama, in his first major
address on the military op-
eration in Libya, sought to
reassure war-weary Ameri-

cans that the action in Libya
was succeeding and, 10 days
after the first strikes, U.S. in-
volvement already was ratch-
eting down.
Obama said the alliance
took action as the Libyan
leader threatened to con-
duct a "massacre" in the
rebel stronghold of Benghazi
"that would have reverber-
ated across the region and
stained the conscience of the
world. ... And tonight, I can
report that we have stopped
Gadhafi's deadly advance."
Obama drew an explicit
contrast with the U.S. expe-
rience in Iraq, in which the
U.S. deposed Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein by insert-
ing a large ground force. The
U.S. wants Gadhafi gone, he
said, but it will use nonmili-
tary measures to try to re-
move him.
"To be blunt, we went down
that road in Iraq....

But regime change there
took eight years, thousands
of American and Iraqi lives,
and nearly a trillion dollars,"

he said. "That is not some-
thing we can afford to repeat
in Libya."
The alliance against Col.
Gadhafi has made signifi-
cant gains in the days since
the U.S. and its allies first
began military strikes, with
French jets launching the
first attacks.
Still, the forces loyal to the
Libyan leader have main-
tained a grip on Tripoli-
where explosions could be
heard late Monday night-
and other coastal cities in
the country's west.
The next major conflict
was likely to take place in
Col. Gadhafi's hometown
stronghold of Sirte, where
a rebel victory could open a
pathway to Tripoli.
While the U.S. led the ini-
tial military strikes in Lib-
ya, Obama emphasized that
command was now shifting
to NATO.
He said the U.S. would now
play a supporting role, pro-
viding the coalition with in-
telligence, logistical support
and assistance'with search
and rescue operations.

I had wonderful support of the
Latin and other alternative forms
of press," he said. "In some ways
I feel like Obama did early in his
campaign when some of his own
people were saying he didn't have
a chance. But the people on the
street, in the hood, in our local
communities, applaud my ef-
Campbell's platform issues in-
clude: reducing unemployment
by building on the Workforce
Development Initiative; improv-
ing public education by return-
ing disciplinary control to princi-
pals and recruiting and retaining
quality teachers; reducing crime
by providing better alternatives
for low-level offenders and ad-
dressing poor police relationships
with citizens; and offering incen-
tives to small businesses while
also dealing frankly with racial
disparities that now exist within
county/city contract dollars.
"Is it realistic to say that Miami
is ready for its first Black County
Mayor? he asks. "It sure is and
you're looking at him."

U.S. criticized for lack of aid

continued from 1A

power," the GOP's 2008 presiden-
tial nominee said of Gadhafi.
And when the United Nations
Security Council voted to autho-
rize the imposition of a no-fly
zone over Libyan airspace, it was
acting, it said, "to protect civil-
ians and civilian-populated ar-
eas under threat of attack" from
Gadhafi's forces, which had killed
hundreds of people in its attempt
to end anti-government demon-
But when it comes to using
America's military might to pro-
tect innocents, the Obama ad-
ministration needs to explain why
it has chosen to do so in the North
African nation of Libya, while dis-
avowing it in the Ivory Coast, a
sub-Sahara African nation where
a greater "potential humanitarian
crisis" is unfolding.

Nearly 500 people have been
killed b: forces loyal to Laurent
Gbagbo,the Ivory Coast president
who losi a re-election bid in No-
vember lut refuses to give up con-
trol. Maiy more people have been
wounded in the fighting spawned
by Gbag)o's refusal to leave office.
An estimated 500,000 have been
displaced, and 90,000 more have
fled the West African country, ac-
cordingto the Associated Press.
The violence in the Ivory Coast,
a nation of nearly 22 million peo-
ple, threatens to become a far big-
ger humanitarian crisis than the
one the U.S. and its allies went
to war :o prevent in Libya, which
has slightly less than 7 million
people. But instead of threaten-
ing to use its military might to end
the bulchery in the Ivory Coast,
the Obima administration says it
remainss committed to finding a
peaceful resolution" to that crisis.

Robaina supports charter changes

continued from 1A

business. Now after merging
departments, moving to an au-
tomated waste system and fo-
cusing on more efficient ways to
provide services for the 34 per-
cent senior citizen base and 94
percent Hispanics who reside in
his city, he says he's ready to fix
things at the county level as the
next mayor.

"I don't think things are as
bad in Miami-Dade County (M-D
County) as some believe we
can-fix things," he said.
But in order to fix things, Ro-
baina, realizes he will have to
make some tough decisions.
"The County is too top-heavy
and we have far too many as-
sistants and departments," he
said. "In many instances that
equates to a duplication of efforts
and services. We have addressed
similar situations in Hialeah to
improve the quality of life and to
reduce spending and I believe we
owe it to the 2.3 million citizens
of M-D County to do the same."
When pushed to state if his
solution would include firing em-
ployees, Robaina said he would
lean more towards attrition in
order to bring the numbers to a
more reasonable level, but added
that "change must'occur at the
S"We need the County and our
smaller cities and municipali-
ties to work in concert to provide
services," he said. Right now we
have all of these individual king-
doms and at the end of the day,
we often see too little being ac-
complished that means the
people lose."

Robaina believes that the Coun-
ty should make it easier for new
businesses to get up and run-
ning that includes simplifying
the currentt turmoil" associated
with acquiring permits, fulfilling
zoningrequirements and other re-
lated processes. He adds that the
key to fixing the financial status
of the County is by bringing in and
supporting more new businesses.
"Government should not be the
second-largest business in the
County but it is because corpo-
rations have reservations about
relocating here," he said. "I think
there is a lack of confidence in our
cirrient system and some of the
people within that system." .
Is Rdoaina an advocate for
changing the current system of
government? In his own words: Yes.
"Three years ago I would not
have considered running for
county mayor but I think that the
County has become out of touch
with the community," he added.
He remains opposed to the use
of public dollars to fund construc-
tion for the Marlins stadium say-
ing it was too one-sided in a deal
that favored the Marlins, wants
the Port of Miami to function more
efficiently, believes the Conven-
tion Center should be upgraded so
it can be run and used properly
and wants to offer more incen-
tives so that small businesses can
come to the County and feel em-
powered in their goal to succeed.
He favors eight-year term limits.
"There are many tough deci-
sions to be made and I am ready
to hit the ground running and
to make the kinds of changes we
need in Miami Dade isn't rocket
science it's just making use of
common sense."

Irate families demand answers from police

continued from 1A

begging for help."
Pastor Willie L. Williams of
Greater Mercy Missionary Bap-
tist Church not only lives in
Overtown but has a business
located there as well. He says
that the majority of the commis-
sioners have no idea what fam-
ily members and the community
continue to face each day.
Gibson Junior Belizaire, 21,
was shot numerous times and
killed by the Miami police in
Little Haiti. His brother Wesley,
36, came to the meeting to get
some answers and to ask the
police to stop killing Black men
in Miami.
"I have a lot of questions," he
said while his mother, Juliana,
53, sat teary-eyed in the audi-
ence. "I'm here asking for this
to stop. I fear my kids might not
come home because the police
might kill them also."
Wesley says he wonders what
brought about the sudden
change in the Chief's demean-
or because since his brother's
death several months ago, this
is the first he's heard of Ex-

posito wanting to speak with his
"The police spent 80 rounds
of ammo on my brother and hit
him 18 times," he said. "When I
viewed his body it was disgust-
ing. But watching my mother
deal with that was even worse."
His case, like the others, re-
mains open but the family ma-
triarch, Juliana, hopes that
some answers will be provided
"I haven't heard anything,"
she said. "I want to know who
killed my son and why I want

SOne chord of similarity ran
through all of the comments:
members of the Black commu-
nity wants assurance from the
police that they are safe that
more young people will not lose
their lives needlessly. In addi-
tion, many say their children
now have mixed feelings about
the police, because for the last
several months all they have
witnessed are funerals, protests
and more announcements of

police-inv6lved shootings.
"Our children's blood has
been shed on the streets of Mi-
ami," saidl the father of Lynn
Weathersboon, 27, another of
the seven, men killed. "They are
crying oit for justice." As the
meeting !concluded, Exposito
spoke briefly and said he has
express# his condolences to
the families and has asked the
FBI to investigate the shootings
because he has nothing to hide.
"I don't have a problem with
locking up crooked police and
when necessary I have done it
in the past," he said.
He added that he doesn't want
tojeopardize any of the cases by
putting dut information prema-
turely or incorrectly and that is
why thelanswers should come
from a more appropriate source.
"We don't rule at all," he said.
"We don't have the answers. The
state attorney does."
Meanwhile, he added that the
officers involved in these police
shootings have been reassigned
and are back on the streets; the
gang units are still in operation
as well.
"I think the guys are doing a
good job," he said.

"Uncle Luke" is letting 'man upstairs' guide him





Congresswoman hosts small business forum at FMU

Special to the Miami Times

Congresswoman Frederica S.
Wilson hosted a small business
administration forum on Thurs-
day March 24th, on the campus
of Florida Memorial University
after receiving numeIous re-
quests from the Black communi-
ty on how to start a small busi-
ness and to be successful.
Wilson brought in a team of
experts who were on hand to
answer questions regarding fi-
nancing small businesses and
what lenders are looking for on

applications. Wilson says forums
like that on Thursday are golden
opportunities for residents to
learn about the programs avail-
able through the Small Business
Administration including: credit
access, contracting assistance
and disaster recovery assistance.
The recently-elected congress-
woman also participated in her
first Congress on Your Corner
event on Saturday, March 19th,
during the UP-PAC (Unrepre-
sented People's Positive Action
Council) meeting which takes
place every Saturday morning

Congresswoman Frederica
S. Wilson takes questions
from U P-PAC members and
"P other community residents at
her first annual "Congress on
Your Corner" meeting which
was held Saturday, March
19th at Greater New Bethel
Baptiht Church in Miami
Gardens :

at Greater New Bethel Baptist
Church in Miami Gardens. Billy
Isley in the group's president;
Betty T. Ferguson is the founder
and president emeritus. Among
their goals are the encourage-
ment of political growth and
awareness in the Black com-
munity and the identification of
and guidance for young, poten-
tial leaders. During the event,
Wilson helped to celebrate the
one-year anniversary of the Af-
fordable Care Act, which puts in
place comprehensive health care

A bank thinks globally for its headquarters' art
By Laura Stevens

During the recession, many
companies downsized their art
collections. Reader's Digest As-
sociation moved to smaller of-
fices with less wall space and
pared its artworks back. Play-
boy Enterprises recently sold a
small part of its extensive col-
But Deutsche Bank has gone
the opposite way at its Frank-
furt, Germany, headquarters,
expanding its collection to in-
clude newer and more interna-
tional works. These days, the
bank "is much more global and
international," said Friedhelm
Hiitte, global head of the bank's
art. "The art reflects that."
The bank's just-renovated
headquarters-twin towers
of 38 and 40 stories-feature
1,500 pieces grouped regionally
from Asia, Africa/the Mideast,
the Americas, Germany and
the rest of Europe. One-third
are new to the bank's collec-
The bank limits itself to pa-
per-based creations-mostly
sketches, water colors and
photographs-which the com-
pany views as better at reflect-
ing artistic innovations and
experiments. The oldest artist
was born in 1957, the youngest
in 1985. Two pieces were com-
missioned. (The older -work by
German artists was, lent to a
Frankfurt museum.) The bank
declined to comment on how
much it spent on the art.


Samuel Fosso's 'The Liberated American Woman of the '70s.'

In each elevator lobby, there's
a picture of the floor's name-
sake artist, the artist's signa-
ture and an artwork, with more
works by that artist in halls
and conference rooms on the
floor. The bank offers public
tours of the art every first Mon-
day of the month.
On thej9th#joor 9fqgne4ower,
Amy Cutler's fanciful drawings
,include women waiting behind
trees at the edge of the forest
for a cake-tossing competition,
as well as women working in

a factory with Rapunzel-like
hair. The Poughkeepsie, N.Y.,
native borrows from fairy tales
for inspiration. Her lobby photo
shows her fast asleep with a
blanket pulled up to her chin.
The self-portrait photographs
of Samuel Fosso of Cameroon
explore different roles. In one,
he's "The Chief (the One Who
Sold Africa to the Colonists),"
wrapped in ftr, draped in gold
jewelry and holding a huge
bunch of sunflowers. In anoth-
er, he's "The Liberated Ameri-

can Woman of the '70s," with
vibrant clothing, dark lipstick,
blue nails, purple heels and a
straw hat.
On the 23rd floor of one tow-
er, Nedko Solakov of Bulgaria
spent three days covering a 65-
foot stretch of red and blue-rose
wallpaper with black-ink-and-
acrylic sketches, some of which
he labeled. A line is dubbed "a
lazy snake." A smudge is la-
beled "a mistake." A little man
standing on a leaf is "a scared-
to-death investor."


More than two-thirds saw

net worth drop in recession
By Sandra Block

More than two-thirds of Americans saw their net worth decline
during the recession, suffering a median drop of 18 percent, accord-
ing to a Federal Reserve study released recently.
To gauge how the 2008 financial crisis affected U.S. households,
the Federal Reserve revisited more than 3,800 families that were
interviewed for its 2007 Survey of Consumer Finances, a triennial
survey that looks at the balance sheets of American families.
Median wealth, which the Fed defines as a household's total as-
sets minus their debts, fell to $96,000 from $125,000 during the
period. Stocks were among the hardest-hit assets: The median value
of directly held stock, among families that owned it, fell to $12,000
from $18,500, the Fed said. The median value of primary residences
dropped to $176,000 from $207,000.
Earlier, the Fed's flow-of-funds report found that household net
worth peaked in the second quarter of 2007 and-fell approximately-
28 percent during the following two years. "The shocks to household
wealth associated with the most recent recession were extraordi-
nary by any measure," Federal Reserve Governor Elizabeth Duke
said recently in prepared remarks for the Virginia Association of


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The Miami Times



At-risk youth celebrate



-Photos courtesy of the Miami Rescue Mission < Children reading to each other, enjoying
J the "Read-A-Thon."
Special to the Miami Times

Well over 50 children, representing 10 local elementary
schools, helped celebrate Dr. Seuss' birthday in style and the
way he would have wanted it, with a 'read-a-thon' program.
In addition to the 'read-a-thon' program, children were also
able to see such films as "The Grinch Who Stole Christmas,"
"Hunches in Bunches" as well as "Cat in the Hat." They also
are some great birthday cake.
The highlight for many of the children was a reading of
"Green Eggs and Ham" in the lunch room while volunteers
cooking up their own version, served up delicious green eggs 4NN
and ham for a snack.
"I never thought I'd eat green eggs," exclaimed one of the
youngsters, Tony, "but they are pretty good."
"This is a wonderful opportunity to show off the power of
reading and also how much fun it can be," said LaCandise
Grate, community activity center coordinator. "It is so impor-
tant for children to have fun reading; they never realize it will 44_
be such a vital part of their lives moving forward."

By Kaila Heard

Being able to walk through the doors of a sanctuary and feel
completely accepted for the person you are is probably one of
the top reasons that many people will say that they chose a
particular church home.
Yet for gays and lesbians, as well as other marginalized
groups, there are not as many churches that are as accepting
of their presence.
With that need in mind, 44-year-old Elder George Gibson
founded the Set Free Ministries through Jesus Christ of the
Apostolic Faith Church, Inc., an "open and affirming" church
in Miami.
"I think everybody should be welcome to the table. I don't
think anyone should be pushed away or cast away because
we're all people of God," Gibson said.
Please turn to SEXUALITIES -14B


George Gibson, founded the open and affirming church,
Set Free Ministries, to welcome people from all walks of

Hankerson honored for

service in Black community

By Lisa J. Huriash
Gwendolyn Hankerson, a
descendant of Broward Coun-
ty pioneers, will be honored
at her church Sunday for de-
cades of work in the Black
Hankerson will receive the
Rosa Parks Award from Mt.
Hermon AME Church in Fort
"What it means to me is that
someone is appreciating what
I am doing and what I have
done," said Hankerson, 79. "I
am very appreciative of that."

Gwendolyn Hankerson

Hankerson comes from
a well-known pioneer fam-
ily. One of her grandfathers
was among the first Blacks
to register to vote in Broward
County. The other was one of
the first ministers at the Piney
Grove Baptist Church in Fort
Her mother was Allie Mae
King McCord, who organized
Black parents to protest in
the 1940s, when school offi-
cials wanted to close the Black
school so the children could
help harvest beans. She was
also a teacher at the Colored

School in Fort Lauderdale
(now Walker Elementary).
Allie McCord, who died in
1993, is best known for be-
ing part of a six-plaintiff law-
suit that launched the battle
for single-member districts in
Fort Lauderdale. Voters ap-
proved them in 1986.
Hankerson is prominent in
her own right as the author
of "Across the Tracks," which
chronicles the life of Blacks
in Broward in the days of seg-
regation, when the East Cost
Railroad tracks was the racial
Please turn to HANKERSON 14B

The dark side of'puppy love'

Domestic violence among teens often a silent issue

By Kaila Heard
Society likes to call teen
romances "puppy love." In
other words, the dating re-

lationships of teenagers are
seen as intense, brief, and ul-
timately harmless.
Unfortunately, that benign
vision of youth obscures the
fact that 40 percent of teen-

age girls ages 14-17 say they
know someone their age who
has been hit or beaten by a
boyfriend. At the same time,
20 percent of dating couples
have reported some type of

violence in their relation-
According to the Centers
for Disease Control, a survey
of nearly 15,000 high school
students found that Black
youth report higher levels of
physical domestic violence at
Please turn to VIOLENCE 14B

Reverend Fred Cromity, with his wife, Carol Harris-Cromity,
and son Nicholas,11.

When faith
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By Kaila Heard
To say that the decision to
become a minister was a bit
sudden for Reverend Fred
Cromity of Miami Gardens'
True Love Praise and Worship
Church, would be a slight un-
Eight years ago, he was a
club owner who "was very
much into the streets."
Then, "I had a Road to Da-
mascus experience where God
got my attention," he recalled.
That experience let him
know that "I gotta get out of
the streets and I got to do
God's will."
He quickly attended The
Word of Life Church where he
approached Reverend Richard
Dunn, who was then pastor.
Cromity, who is now in his
40s, immersed himself in var-

ious church activities, volun-
teering for several ministries.
He worked in various posi-
tions and ministries in the
church for over a year before
he could finally admit to him-
self that he had received the
call to preach.
While he may have answered
the call, Cromity did not know
exactly how his gifts would
best serve a ministry until
the summer of 2004. That's
when he began working in the
church's Homeless Ministry
by serving as the minister for
the HAC (Homeless Assistance
Center). Although now he con-
siders the patrons of the cen-
ter to be family, when he first
stepped through the doors he
was apprehensive of what he
would encounter.
Please turn to CROMITY 14B

tSi FOr strall iti,

* AM

1 I



Swim Miami returns for sixth year

By Kaila Heard

One of the largest open water swim
competitions, Swim Miami presented
by Nike Swim, is returning to Miami
for its sixth year. The races, which will
be held off the shore of Watson Island
at the Miami Yacht Club, will include
an 800 Meter, 4K, 10K and the Miami
Mile. To entice more beginner-skill
level swimmers and children who are
10 years old and younger, Swim Mi-
ami has reinstated the half-mile swim
as well.
For those wary of the open water,
Jonathan Strauss, the event director
for Swim Miami, encourages them to
challenge themselves.
"It is a test of true endurance be-
cause there are no walls to push off of
and there is no diving, you start off in
the water and end in the water, it is a
test of a "true swimmer," he explained.
However, Strauss also urges every-
one to come to the Miami Yacht Club
for the competition.
"Whether you are a swimmer, a
proud parent or simply a fan of this
incredible sport, Swim Miami is where
you need to be for a family-friendly en-
vironment full of world-class competi-

tion and some fun in the sun," said
Jonathan Strauss, the event director
of Swim Miami.
In previous years, Olympic med-
alists such as Gary Hall R., Michael
Cavic, George Bovell and Tiffany Co-
hen have also participated.
Last year, more than 850 swimmers
competed. Because the competition
does not track the race of its par-
ticipants, there is no definitive num-
ber of how many of them are Black.
Although Strauss explained that a
"handful" of Black people did compete
last year.
Why is unclear although many
Black people tend to not know how to
swim. According to a study by USA
Swimming, nearly 68.9 percent chil-.
dren have little or no ability to swim.
And the Centers for Disease Control
reports that minorities' fatal and non-
fatal drowning rates disproportionate-
ly higher.
A portion of the competition's pro-
ceeds will be donated to the non-
profit organization, the H20 Founda-
tion, whose aims include lowering.the
number of children who drown in ur-
ban communities in South Florida.
Swimmers can register at the Miami
Yacht Club, which is located at 1001

Swimmers of all ages and skills levels have competed in Swim Miami, an
open water competition held off the shores of Watson Island.

Macarthur Cause, on Friday, April 8
from 12 p.m. to 7 p.m. or Saturday,
April 9 from 6 a.m. to 9:45 a.m. Or

any interested parties, may register
online at www.SwimMiami..net. Each
race costs $55 to enter.

Church of Christ, Scientist honors founder

Local Christian Science

church celebrates Women's

History Month

Special to The Miami Times

There are a great many women
who have made a high impact upon
our world, but few have exceeded
Mary Baker Eddy, the discoverer
and founder of Christian Science.
Eddy is a member of the National
Women's Hall of Fame, one of the
first women to form a lasting Amer-
ican-based religion.

SEddy was born in New HAmp-
-shire to a very promraent, devoutly
Christian farm family. From early
youth, she expressed the ability
to bring about healings, so much
.so that her father often brought
his sick animals to her, and they
were healed. Even with this gift she
was a sickly child and that con-
tinued into her middle years. She
also faced serious financial and


Mary Baker Eddy
relationship difficulties, but she
never stopped studying the Bible.,
In 1866, a fall on an icy sidewalk
rendered her critically bedridden,
facing imminent death. In her ex-
tremity, she called for her Bible
and began reading an account of
one of Jesus' healings. She rea-
soned that ff this healing truth was

practical then, it had to be prac-
tical now. That was the moment
that she states was her discovery of
Christen Science, so named because
it is based solely on the Christianity
of the Bible, and because, like sci-
ence, it is provable.
While at the time she couldn't ex-
plain it, she knew the healing was
the result of her Bible reading. That
conviction grew in coming weeks and
months as she met setbacks that re-
sulted in a much stronger proof of
spiritual healing. That led to nine
years of intensive Bible study, heal-
ing activity, and teaching which led
to the publication of "Science and
Health" in 1875. The book was later
renamed "Science and Health with
Key to the Scriptures" and is the
companion book to the Bible. These
two works fori m the cornerstones for
the Christian Science religion and
are considered its only pastors.
Although it was not her original
intention, Eddy eventually found-
ed the Christian Science church
in Boston, Massachusetts where it
is still the religion's headquarters
today, with many branches in all
states, and in every corner of the

Eddy continued as a prolific writer
of books and articles on Christian
Science, teacher of its healing pow-
ers, a founder of a weekly magazine,
a monthly magazine and several
foreign magazines. At age 88, she
founded the Christian Science Moni-
tor, an international daily newspaper
with the motto of "the object of the
Monitor is to injure no man, but
to bless all mankind." The win-
ner of multiple Pulitzer Prizes, it
continues in distribution today as
a highly regarded weekly newspa-
Christian Scientists do not deify
or worship Eddy, but are profound-
ly grateful to her for her discovery
and the establishment of Christian
Science, which remains a demon-
strable healing religion with thou-
sands of testimonies verifying its
viability. These testimonies, and all
authorized writings on Christian
Science, can be found in Christian
Science Reading Rooms located in
most major metropolitan areas.
So as you honor Women's "Histo-
ry Month, be sure to include Mary
Baker Eddy.

Conference allows pastors to admit fears, failures

By Bob Smietana

Sometimes being a pastor
is a real pain.
But few pastors want to
admit it.
J.R. Briggs is trying to
change that.
That's why Briggs, a blog-
ger and pastor of the Renew
Community in Lansdale,
Pa., is organizing the Epic
Fail Pastors Conference.
Scheduled for April 15-16
at a church-turned-bar 25
minutes outside of Philadel-
phia, Briggs hopes to makes
space for pastors to speak
their minds without fear.
Briggs hopes the Epic Fail
conference will remind pas-
tors that it's OK to be human
and that failure is normal.
After all, most of the lead-
ers from the Bible, he said,

were failures.
David was an adulterer
who betrayed a close friend.
Moses was a murderer. Paul
persecuted Christians be-
fore his conversion. And the
disciples spent .a lot of time.
bumbling around after Je-
"The entrance exam for
Christianity is admitting you
are a failure," Briggs said.
But pastors, he said, are
often expected to be perfect.
That means they can't admit
their doubts or failings. If
they do, they can be shamed
by their peers and parishio-
So in his blog, Briggs sug-
gested a' conference where
leaders could put their worst
foot forward.
The response was over-
whelming. Hundreds of com-

Striving toward success

Having a clear vision for
the future can determine
how well you succeed. An-
drew Floyd established at
an early age that he wants
to be successful. Andrew
has been a member of the
5000 Role Models of Excel-
lence Project since he was
in the 4th Grade at West
Little River Elementary.
Currently, Andrew is in the

7th Grade at Parkway Mid-
dle School (PMS).
He believes in having
positive experiences. At
PMS, he is a member of the
Drama Club which he en-
joys because acting helps
him to be more aware of his
actions. This is important
because the middle school
student always tries to
set a good example for his

ments, e-mails and phones
calls flooded in, with tales of
ministers' failings, both per-
sonal and professional.
That led to the blog post
becoming reality..
The conference will be
held at, fittingly, a church
that failed, and became a
bar. "The stained glass has
been replaced by neon Sam
Adams signs and the pews
have been replaced by pool
tables," Briggs said.
The conference 'is rela-
tively cheap at $79, not in-
cluding lodging, and will be
low key. Several pastors will
talk about their failures and
lessons they've learn from
them, and there will be time
for discussion. Briggs said
he's not revealing the names
of speakers ahead of time.
But he is insisting that those

Andrew Floyd

speakers hang around for
the whole event, rather than
popping in and then leaving.
On the last days, partici-
pants will share Commu-
Scot McKnight, blogger.
and professor of New Testa-
ment at North Park Universi-
ty in Chicago, isn't surprised
that the issue of failure has
struck a nerve with minis-
He said that ministry can
be especially difficult for pas-
tors of nondenominational
churches who don't have the
support structure or a net-
work of peers that a denomi-
nation can provide.
He sees signs for hope,
though. McKnight said that
older church members ex-
pected their pastors to be
perfect. That's not always the

younger brother. Andrew is
also a member of First Mis-
sionary Baptist Church of
Brownsville where he par-
ticipates in the Youth Choir
and Devotion Ministry.
Andrew is fervently fo-
cused on being a success.
He wants to become an ac-
countant and he credits the
5000 Role Models of Excel-
lence Project with helping
him to become a better
person. There is no doubt
that with continued de-
termination, he will reach
his full potential. There-
fore, Andrew is the March
Role Model Student of the

case with younger church-
"In the previous genera-
tion, there was a lot of em-
phasis that the pastor had
to be distant, apart from the
congregation, and holy," he
said. "Failure was seen as
a sign of betrayal. For this
generation, admitting failure
is part of the pastoral task."


Prayer helps

calm anger

By Kate Shellnutt

The Bible tells us to pray for
our enemies. Now psychologists
are saying the same thing.
Saying a prayer may help calm
anger and allow people to behave
less aggressively towards those
who have upset them, research-
ers say.
"Prayer gets people to view the
world in a very kind and gentle
way and reduces feelings of
anger with empathy," said Brad
Bushman, co-author of the study
and professor of communication
and psychology at Ohio State
Prayer is a coping mechanism
that can offer angered individu-
als perspective on the events that
upset them, he said.
The effects of prayer did not
depend on a person's own prayer
life, church attendance or reli-.
gious affiliation. Atheists did not
Bushman's research, a series
of three separate studies, is the
first to examine how prayer may
.influence anger and aggression.
They focused on the person
praying, rather than the re-
cipient of the prayers, and asked
only about general benevolent
prayers, not vengeful ones,
which may actually fuel aggres-
"When people are confronting
their own anger, they may want
to consider the old advice of
praying for one's enemies," said
Ryan Bremner, a research part-
ner at the University of Michigan.
"It may not benefit their enemies,
but it may help them deal with
the negative emotions."
In the first study, participants
who prayed for another person
after becoming angry reported
lower levels of anger than those
who simply thought about the
person. Prayer did not affect fa-
tigue, depression, vigor, tension
or other emotions .";"
Students in the second study
were given harsh feedback'On ib'F
essay, told to think or pray about
their cntic, then asked to blast
that person with noise through
headphones in response. Stu-
dents who prayed for their
partner acted less aggressively,
choosing shorter and softer
The third study was designed
around previous research that
found that angry people are more
likely to attribute negative events
to other people, rather than
situations out of their control.
Participants told to pray for or
think about someone they new
personally before accessing a list
of negative situations. Those who
prayed felt less provoked and
less angry by the events.
"The effects we found in these
experiments were quite large,
which suggests that prayer may
really be an effective way to calm
anger and aggression," Bushman

First Access Pass information is available online
at arshtcenter.org or by calling 305.949.6722
"'sl ip,'. ,Ipr,, a FroI A( e aic a n r, idjotn ihe itanjd'O) I.ne h j ,1'nj T, ,t e. r t Ie The. i ,e;.
Pass expires at 3:45 p.m, Patrons in the stand-by line will be let into the theater a i [ ,I ,r .:o..l., i-

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Knight Foundation
Informed and engaged communttbes.

100 Biaydrienne Boulevrsht Center
1300 Biscayne Boulevard Mianmi, FL 33132





Victory in Life Miracle
Ministries Inc. presents a
Women's Revival Service at 11
a.m. on April 2 at the Don Sh-
ula's Hotel in the Kings Cup
Room. Rev. Deborah A. Carter,

The Business and Profes-
sional Ministry of Mt. Olivette
Baptist Church invites the
community to their celebration
worship service at 11 a.m. on
April 10. Julia Rowe, 305-651-

0 New Beginnings Church
of Deliverance of All Nations
welcomes you to their Wednes-
day Night, "End of the World
Bible Study" at 7 p.m.; a Fri-
day Movie Night from 6 p.m. to
9 p.m. and on Saturday, a TBA
Movie Theater Field Trip, from
10 a.m. to 12 p.m. Fredricka
Thomas, 786-287-3235.

God's Storehouse Minis-
tries is hosting their fifth an-
nual Mother's Day Breakfast on
May 7 at 8 a.m. Tickets are $30.

True Vine Baptist Church
is hosting an informational
meeting for the Miami-Dade
Interdenominational Ministers'
Wives and Widows Council on
April 2 at 3 p.m. 305-691-1454.

Apostolic Revival Cen-
ter is hosting a basic comput-
er skills class which will begin
Tuesday, April 5. Classes are
10 a.m. 1 p.m., Tuesday and
Wednesday. Class size is lim-
ited, so register early. 305-835-

The Youth In Action
Group invites you to their "Sat-

urday Night Live Totally Radical
Youth Experience" every Satur-
day, 10 p.m. midnight. 561-

A Mission with a New Be-
ginning Church will be feeding
the hungry every second Satur-
day of the month.

Redemption Missionary
Baptist Church holds a Fish
Dinner every Friday and Satur-
day; a Noon Day Prayer Service
every Saturday; and Introduc-
tion Computer Classes every
Tuesday and Thursday at 11
a.m. and4. p.m. Reverend Wil-
lie McCrae, 305-770-7064 or
Mother Annie Chapman, 786-

A Mission with a New
Beginning Church mem-
bers invites the community to
their Sunday Worship service
at 11:15 a.m. on Thursdays,
Prayer Meetings at 6:30 p.m.
and Bible Class at 7 p.m.

Come along and join Saint

Cecelia's chapter of Saint Ag-
nes Episcopal Church on
Thursday, May 26-30, 2011 to
Atlanta, Georgia and Shorter,
Alabama. If interested sign up
with Betty Blue, Florence Mon-
cur and Louise Cromartie. 305-

Shady Grove Mission-
ary Baptist Church now of-
fers a South Florida Workforce
Access Center for job seekers
open Monday Friday, 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. Maggie Porcher, 305-

The True Word of the
Holiness Church invites you
to attend worship services on
Thursday nights at 8 p.m. and
Sunday at 10 a.m. 305-681-

Christ The King AOCC
Church in Miami Gardens cor-
dially invites you to Bible study
class to be held on the first and
third Mondays from 6 -7 p.m.
305-621-1513 or 305-621-
6697. Liz Bain, 305-621-1512.

Local church maintains popular homeless ministry

continued from 12B

"I was ignorant to what it
really was. I did not know
that it was people just like us
and 'I walked in on the first
day I fell in love with the peo-
ple because they are real," he
From them he learned "that
there shouldn't be anything
in my life that will prevent me
from serving God."
Within three months, Cro-
mity had become the perma-
nent minister of the Homeless
Ministry. Over the follow-
ing years, Cromity's pastoral
career led him to different
churches, yet he continued
to regularly serve as a min-
ister at the HAC. Eventually,
Cromity inherited the Cathe-
dral of Hope Church, which
he changed the name to True
Love Worship and Praise
Church in 2008.
Now. bhist 'tuch;'.which cUper-
ates out of the Miami Gardens
Omega Activity Center, con-
tinues to support its homeless
ministry. Cromity provides a
weekly service and bible study
at the center. And the church
itself holds annual picnics for
the homeless and even spon-
sors a few every year to attend
their annual cruise.

The non-denominational,
full gospel church currently
has approximately 75 mem-

S -E ....

"hard lessons" himself. One of
the hardest of which was un-
met needs.
"Everything that you want
out of your mate, you aren't
going to get," he said. "You're
going to have to learn to live
without it."


True Love Praise and Wor-
ship Church is located within
the Omega Activity Center, r
15600 N.W. 42nd Avenue in .
Miami Gardens. i ;

bers with a mixture of young-
er and senior members, ac-
cording to Cromity.
A.And ,,while he *profew -te~,
preach about a variety of top-
ics, he loves to deliver the
message by slowly building up
to the lesson of the sermon.
' "I like to hit people so they
don't see it coming," he ex-
"That's what a pastor's job is
to go in and eaify and to show
[people] that they can't see,"
he explained. "It's a continu-
ous job."
It's work that Cromity ad-
mits can sometimes be frus-

"I really feel bad that some-
times people are so bad off
that it seems like they'll never

Cromity, a father of three,
who has been married for 19
years, believes strongly in the
importance of marriage.
"I just feel like things are
better when you have the fam-
ily structure," he said.
To sustain that family
structure takes a lot of Work
and compromise.
During his own marriage,
Cromity has learned a few

"There are many reasons
why people could get divorced
, 14,W it's,4ilp bal ge.ather. And,
bad weather goes away," he
Biblically, he explained, the
only acceptable reason for di-
vorce is adultery.
For other cases, where one
of the spouses is in physical
danger such as in domestical-
ly violent marriage, he recom-
mends seeking intervention
from the police.
To aid couples, True Love
Praise and Worship Church
maintains an active Marriage

Many teens have experienced intimate partner violence

continued from 12B

a rate of 13.9 percent compared
to white and Latino youth, sev-
en percent and 9.3 percent re-
However, domestic violence
or intimate partner violence
encompasses a wide range
of abusive behaviors includ-
ing emotional, sexual coer-
cion (rape), and even financial
What began in adolescence
will continue to have an ef-
fect upon most of the victims
into their adult lives. Accord-
ing to studies, teen intimate
partner violence victims are at
a higher risk for drug abuse,
eating disorders, risky sexual
behaviors and more domestic
So, with an issue this wide-
spread, why are people not
talking about teen dating vio-
lence more?
"It's a kept secret among
teens," explained Katie Ray-
Jones, the director of the Na-
tional Dating Abuse Hotline.
"They feel pressured to have a
girlfriend or boyfriend in high
Like adults involved in abu-
sive relationships, teens of-
ten experience many of the
same transgressions such as
constantly being put down;
extreme jealousy or insecu-
rity; isolation from family and
friends; possessiveness and
mood swings.
However, teens are more
likely to experience "digital

abuse" as well including "re-
ceiving threats by text mes-
sage or being stalked on Face-
book," according to the teen
domestic violence campaign,
Break the Cycle.
Yet, "many young people
view some of this behavior,
other than the physical com-
ponent [abuse] as love," said
For parents, these signs of
abuse will .often manifest in
sudden behavioral changes,
such as quitting beloved ac-
tivities; overeating or under
eating, and, for girls in par-
ticular, the wearing of long-
sleeved shirts and long skirts
and pants to cover bruises.
However, once a parent con-
firms the fact that their chil-
dren are involved in an abu-
sive relationship, their ordeal
does not end there.
While parents may feel the
need to end their teen's abu-

sive relationship, Ray-Jones
cautions against this plan of
In cases where teenagers are
forbidden to see their abuser
by parents, we find that teens
tend to just go back anyway,
she explained.
The reluctance to end an
intimate partner violent re-
lationship stems from many
factors including poor self-
esteem, safety issues and fear
of retaliation for attempting to
leave the relationship.
"It's important that the par-
ent let the teen make the de-
cision that is safe for them to
leave," Ray-Jones said. But,
"it's important that a parent
never gives up on the young

While there are various ser-
vices and programs beginning

to emerge to help teen victims
of intimate partner violence,
the best protection is preven-
Another way to help com-
bat teen dating violence is to
teach adolescents what ex-
actly is a healthy relationship,
explained Monica Padilla, an
advocacy supervisor of chil-
dren's programs from Miami's
domestic violence center, The
"[Teens] kind of don't know
what is expected of them in
relationships," Padilla said.
To counteract that lack of
knowledge, Padilla oversees
S.T.A.M.P. (Students Team-
ing to Affect Media Positively),
a program which promotes
healthy relationships in
school age children and do-
mestic violence prevention.
In the program, teens are
taught that respect, commu-
nication, boundaries, trust,
accountability and lack of
fear are all components of a
healthy relationship, said Pa-
"In an abusive relationship,
there is inequality," she ex-
plained. So, "what we strive
for is for teens to feel that the
relationship is equal rather
than someone exerting power
and control over another per-
For more information about
teen dating violence, please
call the National Dating
Abuse Hotline at 1-866-331-
9474; The Lodge's Crisis Ho-
tline at 305-693-0232 or visit

Musical program at Valley Grove

The Wimberly sisters invite all
to their musical program at Val-
ley Grove M.B.C., 1385 NW 69
Street, 3 p.m., Sunday, April 3.
The program will feature
U.B.H. Male Chorus, Freeman

Singers of Pahokee, Florida, Dy-
namic Stars, Southern Echoes,
Elder Taylor, Thomas and Com-
pany, Redeem Singers, Zion
Gospel Singer, Golden Bells and
many, many more.

New church embraces all

continued from 12B

And while Gibson has attend-
ed other "open and affirming"
churches in South Florida, he
wanted his Set Free Ministries
to be an open church that pro-
vides a Black Pentecostal ex-
perience which is the faith
in which he grew up in. The
church, which held its first
service on Sunday, March 20,
provides Pentecostal traditions
such as prayer and tarrying
services and feet washing dur-
ing Holy Communion.
"It's not just holding on to a
traditional way. I want to hold
onto God's way," he explained.

How many churches that do
fully accept and integrate ho-
mosexual members are un-
clear. In fact, few churches
outright deny homosexuals
from becoming members.
However, few besides the
Episcopal Church, Reformed
Catholic Church, a handful of
Reconciling United Method-
ist Churches and some non-
denominational churches will
allow open homosexuals to
become ordained ministers.
Because of the lack of data it
is unclear if "open and affirm-
ing" churches are a growing
movement or not. And if it is
growing, it also not clear what
factors such as the political
climate are contributing to
the founding of more "open
and affirming" churches.

However, Tampa's Pastor J.
Ricc Rollins, who founded the
"open and affirming" Breath
of Life Fellowship Community
Church in 2001, rejects the
notion that politics is at play in
the creation of such churches.
"Church isn't suppose to be
a political statement but an in-
clusive place where people can
know that they are loved and
that they are loved by a God
that does not make mistakes,"
he said.
However, Gibson stresses
that Set Free Ministries is wel-
coming to everyone.
"Don't say 'it's just for gay
people.' I want it,to be an inclu-
sive ministry where I'm giving
it to everybody," he explained.
And everyone means exactly
that from the homeless, to im-
migrants, to those suffering
from HIV/AIDS. Gibson even
made sure to offer an evening
Sunday service to allow more
people the opportunity to at-
"Those days and times God
gave me," he explained. "It's
also meant to be convenient for
working people to work around
their schedule."
Set Free Ministries is located
at the Annex Building of BAC
Funding Corporation, 6600
N.W. 27th Avenue in Miami.
Services are held on Sundays
at 12 p.m. and 8 p.m.; Prayer
meetings are held at 8 p.m. on
Tuesday and Bible Study is
held, on Fridays at 8 p.m. and
HIV/AIDS Ministry meetings
on Thursday, 7 p.m. 9 p.m.
For more information, please
call 786-488-2108.

Hankerson wins award

continued from 12B "'" -....

dividing line.
She was also the first Black
person to run for elected of-
fice in Lauderdale Lakes. In the
1970s, "there was nobody on
the council who looked like me,"
she said. Although she lost two
bids for office, she went on to
campaign for successful Black
Now retired from teaching at
Dillard High, from which she
graduated in 1949, Hanker-
son spent years serving on Fort
Lauderdale advisory boards.
She went on to higher educa-
tion and attained a Ph.D in psy-
She moved to Lauderdale
Lakes in 1974, and has served
on advisory boards there. She is
currently on two, planning and

zoning and historic preserva-
..tion -. : -...r- ,.-
Church member Suzye John-
son, of Fort Lauderdale, said
'Hankerson has earned the
award, which is prestigious
,within the church community.
"She's deserving because she
has been a mentor in both the
church and the community,"
Johnson said. "They selected
her because of her dedication.
She's been a role model."
Rosa Parks famously refused
to relinquish her bus seat to a
white person in 1955, spark-
ing the Montgomery, Ala., bus
boycott, a landmark event in
the Civil Rights Movement. She
died in 2005.
Hankerson said when she ac-
cepts the award, she will think
of her family, "because of the
way I was brought up. I was an
activist because of the things I
saw my mother do."



J U Exp_

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Send to: The Miami Times, 900 NW 54 St. Miami, FL 33127-1818 or
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':nneludei Fflnda ?s ales tlax




South Florida residents help rehabilitate Brownsville

Special to The Miami Tiime.s

Paint . check! Brush . .
check! Community pride . .
check! South Floridians geared
up to lend a helping hand for
the annual Community Paint
and Beautification Day (Paint
Day) in Brownsville hosted by
Neighborhood Housing Services
of South Florida (NHSSF), on
Saturday, March 12.
The premise of this event is
to encourage neighbors helping
neighbors and NHSSF's staff
and volunteers will help over
250 area residents revitalize the

The Brownsville neighbor-
hood was hit hard by the cur-
rent housing crisis, leaving
many homes in foreclosure,
boarded-up or abandoned. The
real estate crisis is leading to
decreases in property values in
the vicinity, which discourages

community involvement and
further withdrawal of interest
from local residents.
Aiming to change this,
NHSSF's annual Paint Day
event contributed to the stabi-
lization of this community by
empowering its residents and It
teaching them that a little TLC
can increase the value of their
homes. During the event, Paint
Day participants painted the
exteriors of 15 low and middle-
income homes, as well as land-
scape their front yards. Citizens -.. -
for a Better South Florida, an .
environmental education non-
profit organization has been a
partner in the planning and ex-
ecution of this event for the past
three years and provided urban
greening and community for-
estry education to homeowners '
about creating and maintain- .
ing a native landscape in their
homes. Along with leading the
landscaping efforts with native Working alongside their neih
plants and trees of each hom- one neighborhood at a time.

ghbors, participants will

.& ... ..


help improve South Florida's stre,

eowner's choosing, the non-
profit provided the landscaping
materials and staff to assist in
the event.
Miami-Dade County, through
the coordinating efforts of its
Office of Sustainability, aug-
mented NHSSF's resources by
adding sustainability-related
activities, including a home en-
ergy savings workshop, weath-
erization of local area homes,
a showerhead/lightbulb ex-
change, as well as other activi-
ties and programs designed to
assist residents with reducing
their energy and water con-
sumption in order to save mon-
"Through Paint Day, residents
are able to show their love and
pride for Brownsville and their
commitment to see it prosper,"
said Arden Shank, president of
NHSSF. Shank continues, "All
South Floridians have a respon-
ets, sibility to help our neighbors
Please turn to BROWNSVILLE 16B


your child

to share

By Karen Deerwester

Toddlers often feverishly defend their
piece of the world like little tyrannical
monarchs. "Mine! Mine! Mine! Don't you
dare ." Parents recoil in embar-
rassment. Onlookers shake their heads
and wave judgmental fingers as if they
can't understand a child's need to claim.
to own and to protect.
Developmentally speaking, toddler" are
growing socially and emotionally as they,
exert power and ownership over their
world. Every action is another way of say-
ing "I am:" I am here, I am big, and I am
Sharing and taking turIbS#are not ends ,p-
Sifi'and of themselves; they are the means
to getting along with others. Tenacious
toddlers are acting their age. They need
guidance, boundaries and lots of social
practice. Toddlers who learn compassion
and empathy are better prepared to navi-
gate social minefields than those \ ho are
learn begrudgingly to "be nice." So, how
exactly do you teach toddlers and pre-
schoolers compassion and cooperation?
1. Begin with establishing emotional
calm. Toddlers have extreme difficulty
thinking and feeling at the samrre time.
Grown-ups must show the way by engag-
ing without over-reacting. Get close. Get
2. Stop the action by describing the
situation: "Oh, I see you both v.-ant the
purple car." Toddlers get blinded by the
emotional struggle and can no longer see
the problem at hand.
3. Take notice of your child's feelings,
and take a guess at what prompted that
emotion. Is your child frustrated because
he's not finished with his turn? Parents
may not know what exactly how to read
an emotional situation, but your e rpa-
thetic ability increases with practice.
4. Incorporate a feelings vocabulary
into your daily routine: storytelling,
pretend play or casual conversations in
the car or at the end of the day. Tod-
dlers need to know there's a whole range
of emotions that are normal before you
try to describe them in an emotional
situation. Validate unsettling feelings in
neutral settings with characters like "No
David" and "Angry Sophie."
5. Be an ally through the emotional
storm. Children need adults to guide
them through complicated emotions
-- neither dismissing nor avoiding.
Frustration and possessiveness need to
be acknowledged before your child can
learn constructive expression. When par-
ents are fearful, hurt or embarrassed by
toddler emotions, they lose the ability to
help the child with new, age-appropriate
6. Finally, present win-win choices. In
all parent problem-solving situations,
the biggest challenge is figuring out how
to meet children's needs and move the
situation forward. Show your child in
words and action that you understand
the problem and that you will help her.
Be clear and decisive -- it's your pres-
ence that makes the sharing and the
waiting possible. For example, show your
child where to sit while she waits for her
It is with empathy and through empa-
thy that we teach toddlers how to play
nice with others. Emotional coaching
isn't always easy but it's the most power-
ful tool you can give your child.

J .. .

"l, "
.U, .

Sto thumb, suckinginkids

(op thumb sucking in kids

By Mattie Schuler

Dozing tots are adorable with their thumbs in
their mouths, but a first-grader poring over her
homework, not so much. Your child's perma-
nent teeth are on their way, along with potential
damage, so it's time to do away with that pruney
finger. Get started by:
Motivating your child. She'll need to want to
stop sucking her thumb, so have your dentist
explain how the habit can interfere with teeth
and jaw alignment and encourage your child
to stop, recommends Kimberley Blaine, author
of The Go-to Mom's Parents' Guide to Emotion
Coaching Young Children.
Noticing the triggers. Does she suck her
thumb before going to bed or while watching

TV? Help her come up with other activities to do
at these times instead, says Larry Gray, M.D., a
developmental pediatrician at the University of
Chicago Medical Center. If the thumb sucking,
occurs at night, give your child gloves to wear
or put a bandage on her thumb so she's not
physically able to suck it. During TV time, sug-
gest that she sit on her hands or pet the dog. If
your child is willing to try it, you can also paint
her thumb with lemon juice, vinegar, or one of
the bitter solutions sold at pharmacies to curb
thumb sucking; just don't make it feel like a
punishment -- present it to her as a reminder
Being patient. Give lots of praise and consider
a concrete example of success, like a reward
chart (yep, even a little bribe can be okay!).

Help kids deal with natural disasters

By Priscilla Dunstan

Your child has likely heard
or even seen the news of the
past few days, covering the
earthquake in Japan, and the
tsunamis hitting there, Ha-
waii, and the U.S. West Coast.
Children can be alarmed by
news of natural disasters,
and often misunderstand how
close or distant the event is.
While their age will have a
great impact on how well they
understand events, so will the
dominant sense.
Tactile children will be
aware of physical cues if
there is a tsunami in Japan,
and it is raining here, they
may become worried. Worry
will make them more physi-
cally clingy, so plan on a good
reassuring cuddle.
The thought of physically
being separated from those
they love is terrible to a tactile
child, so the news photos of
people being separated and
losing homes will be troubling.
You may find that they need

to be physically close to you,
will start carrying their favor-
ite toys around with them and
will generally be more un-
derfoot. Encourage the child
to do something to help, like
going with you to the bank to
get money for a donation to
a relief fund, or packing up
clothes for charity.
The sensitive taste and
smell child will respond first
to your emotion about the
situation, and only then to
facts of the situation. Being
overly sympathetic, they will
feel exceedingly sorry for the
people who have lost their
belongings, homes and family.
As they are so sensitive, these
children do better with a very
edited version of world events.
Be sure to include all the ef-
forts of people and countries
to help the disaster victims.
Show them footage of relief ef-
forts, and allow them to write
a card to send or do their part
to help. Expect them to be
extra-sensitive about every
day things. Taste and smell

children feel deeply, and find
it hard to let go of feelings un-
til they know things are OK.
Visual children will be very
affected by the TV and pho-
tos of the disaster. Be careful
about what they see. Discuss
the event first, with the televi-
sion off, to prepare them for
the images. Children don't un-
derstand that the huge wave
crossing Japan's coast, gob-
bling up houses and cars, is
not the same as the wave that
is rocking the boats in Cali-
fornia. Have them watch the
rebuilding efforts and if the
disaster is recent, show them
a comparable relief program of
an older, but similar incident.
This shows them that life goes
on, and the scary images don't
stay scary forever.
By being aware of your
child's interpretation of world
events you can make sure
they don't become over-
whelmed. You can teach them
empathy for others' plights,
but also be empathetic to their
age and sensory disposition.




The Aisociattd Pr ,,

Just like ine moms new fath-ers can be
depressed, and a stud', found a surprising
number of sad dads spanked their one-year-
About 40 percent of depressed fathers
in a survey said they'd spanked kids that
age. versus just 13 percent of fathers %who
weren't t depressed Mlost cldds also had had
recent contact '. ith their rhild s doctor a
missed opportunity to Cet help. authors of
the stud\ said.
The American Academ;y ':f Pediatrics
and man\ child development experts warn
,6i0nstp* ar na, ik:,hiidrf4 ,), | [R ,|I' I n.,.|
Other stuLidles hat-e shov-n that kids who
are spanked are at risk of being physically
abused and becoming aggressive them-
The researchers said spanking is espe-
clall\ troubling in children who are only
one, because they could get injured and
the ', are unlikely to understand the connec-
tion between their behavior and subsequent
The authors analyzed data on 1.746
fathers from a nationally representative
surLey in 16 large Li S. rites. conducted in
1.9i9-2C000 Lead author Dr Neal Davis said
that \ias the most recent comprehensive
data on the sibjeet. and he believes it is
relevant today. Depression among fathers is
strongly tied to unemployment rates, which
are much higher now than a decade ago, he
OveraJl. seven percent of dads had experi-
enc'ed recent major depression.
Some likely had a history of depression,
but in others it was probably tied to their
children n s birth, similar to postpartum
depression in women, Davis said. A pediatri-
c ian now with Intermountain Healthcare in
Murray, Utah, Davis did the research while
at the University of Michigan.
Postpartum depression is more common
in women; by some estimates as many as 25
percent develop it shortly after childbirth.
Severe cases have beer linked with suicide
and with deaths in children including sev-
eral high-profile drownings.
Less is known about depression in new
dads and the study raises important aware-
ness about an under-recognized problem,
said Dr.- Craig Garfield, an assistant pedi-
atrics professor at Northwestern University
and co-author of a Pediatrics editorial.
With fathers increasingly spending time
on child care, including taking their kids to
routine doctor visits, it's important for pe-
diatricians to pay attention to dads' mental
health, Garfield said.










Health care's

hidden costs:

$363 billion

By Parija Kavilanz

NEW YORK -- A year after-the passing of
health reform, a new industry report revealed
that consumers may be paying billions of dollars
more in out-of-pocket health care expenses than
was previously thought.
These "hidden" costs of health care -- like tak-
ing time off to care for elderly parents -- add up
to $363 billion, according to a report from the
Deloitte Center for Health Solutions, a research
That amounts to $1,355 per consumer, on top
of the $8,000 the government says people spend
on doctor fees and hospital care.
"We're surprised that this number came in so
high. It's significant," said Paul Keckley, execu-
tive director with the group.
The out-of-pocket costs that the government
tallies usually include only insurance-related
costs like premiums, deductibles, and co-pay-
Keckley said the study is the first to estimate
how much consumers dish out on health care
related goods and services not covered by pri-
vate or government insurance.
These include: ambulance services, alternative
medicines, nutritional products and vitamins,
weight-loss centers and supervisory care of
elderly family members.
"These costs can add up to billions of dollars,
even eclipsing housing as a household expense,"
said Keckley.
The Deloitte study found that half the hidden
costs are for supervisory care, or the unpaid
care given by family and friends.
"We compared on an hourly basis the average
number of hours per month taken off workto
look after a family member or friend, and lost
wages in doing this," said Keckley.
The report estimates the value of unpaid care
is $12.60 per hour, or $199 billion a year.
"It has been one year since the passage of
health care reform," said Keckley. "We wanted to
understand the financial context behind deci-
sions that consumers are making about how
they spend their money on health care."
As health reform rolls out over the next few
years, Keckley expects that out-of-pocket health
care costs to consumers will increase quickly.
Health care costs continue to rise faster than
household incomes and insurers are passing
along more costs to their customers.
--4I'he: eavege'-' household income fell 1.9 percent
last year while health care costs rose six per-
cent, he said.
"This is a perfect storm in which consumers'
hidden costs will only increase exponentially in
the near future."
The Deloitte study looked at the most recently
available health care expenditure data from the
government. The firm, with Harris Interactive,
also polled 1,008 U.S. adults, 18 and older, be-
tween Sept. 29 to Oct. 4, 2010.


'Paint Day' brings

community together,

continued from 15B

with projects like this to show that we are one
united community who want to improve our
streets and neighborhoods for everyone to en-
joy. "Although this event had a great deal of im-
pact on the local community, NHSSF's commit-
ment to the Brownsville neighborhood extends
far past this one day. NHSSF has recently pur-
chased a plot of abandoned land near Browns-
ville, in the Gladeview neighborhood, in order to
build 27 affordable single-family homes, giving
local residents safer, affordable places to live.
For more information, to donate or to regis-
ter to get involved in improving the Brownsville
area, please contact community@nhssf.org or
call 305-751-5511, ext. 1155.

How to reform your health care

A year ago, for better or worse, Congress and President Obama passed

the massive health care reform law. Now here's what you can do.

By Steven Findlay

A year ago this week, President
Obama signed the health reform
bill into law. Half the country
cheered, the other half booed and
the debate has not let up. Legal at-
tacks on the law's constitutionality
are headed to the Supreme Court.
If it survives that hurdle, there's
little doubt the law will be a cen-
tral issue in the 2012 presidential
But we are going to put all
that aside for the next few min-
utes. Whether you are a liberal, a
conservative or independent, let's
stipulate that the medical system
in the USA is far from perfect. Let's
also agree that what ails medicine
in America won't be fixed quickly
and can never be fixed entirely
by the federal government, your
state, your employer, your union,
insurance companies, hospitals, or
You see where I'm going. This is
a column about what you can do
to improve health care and help
bring down its soaring costs, no
matter what the fate of the reform
law is. Way more than you might
think, your behavior can make a
Don't demand unnecessary
care. Doctors have financial in-
centives to respond to your every
medical demand. They make more
money that way because most
get paid piecemeal for every visit,
procedure and test. But a sizable
percentage of doctor and emer-
gency room visits are for minor ail-

dilemma is serious. A large body
of research shows that up to 25
percent of all care that is delivered
is useless, questionable and in
some cases harmful. That sucks
precious medical resources from
needed care, especially for the one
in four Americans who have chron-
ic conditions such as arthritis,
diabetes and heart disease who,
studies show, need better coordi-
nated care to keep them healthy,
working and out of the hospital.
Do your homework. You might
trust your doctor and think he or
she is great. But the evidence is
overwhelming that, for no fault of
their own, doctors often base their
Please turn to HEALTH 19B

, .s S
,i .S

President Barack Obama signing
healthcare reform bill.
ments and aches and pains (colds,
the flu, fever, belly aches, strained
muscles) that will resolve or heal
on their own.
Those visits waste time and
money. More important, they also
result in an abundance of unnec-
essary care such as antibiot-
ics for colds or the flu (they do no
good) and other drugs you don't
really need. This overtreatmentt"

'- -\ .

TRAUMA UNIT: About two million people a year get an infec-
tion. during a hospital stay.

CDC: 12M in the U.S. are cancer survivors

By Reuters

Nearly 12 million people in the
United States are cancer survi-
vors, almost four times as many
as 40 years ago, reflecting big
strides in cancer detection and
treatment and the effect of an ag-
'ing U.S. population, U.S. health
officials said on recently.
But many of the survivors face
a lifetime of side effects caused by
their treatments, according to fig-
ures released by the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention
and the National Cancer Institute.
The researchers found there
were 11.7 million cancer survi-
vors in 2007, up from 9.8 million
in 2001 and three million in 1971.
"It's good news that so many

are surviving cancer and lead-
ing long, productive, and healthy
lives," CDC Director Dr. Thomas
Frieden said.
"Preventing cancer and detect-
ing it early remain critically im-
portant as some cancers can
be prevented or detected early
enough to be effectively treated."
CDC researchers estimate that
of the 11.7 million cancer survi-
vors who were still alive on Janu-
ary 1, 2007, seven million were
age 65 or older.
Nearly 13 percent of the 307
million people living in the United
States in 2009 were over age of
S65, according to the U.S. Census
Bureau. Elderly people are more
susceptible to cancer.
Of the total, slightly more than

half of the cancer survivors 54 survivors have higher risks of di-
percent are women. Breast abetes, heart and kidney disease.
cancer survivors make up the big- "Unfortunately for many can-
gest group, making up 22 percent cer survivors and those around
of all cancer survivors, followed them, the effect of cancer does
by-prostate& ea-neer survivors. at-,-.not endrwith the last treatment,"
19 percent and colorectal cancer said Julia Rowland, director of
survivors at 10 percent. the Office of Cancer Survivorship
The estimates exclude skin at the National Cancer Institute,
cancers other than melanoma be- a part of the National Institutes
cause they are rarely fatal. of Health.
Among all survivors, 4.7 million "Research has allowed us to
were diagnosed with cancer 10 or scratch the surface of under-
more years earlier, according to standing the unique risks, issues,
the report. and concerns of this population,"
But surviving cancer is only the Rowland said.
first step, and doctors and public The American Cancer Society
health experts need to focus on estimates there were 1.5 million
the special needs of cancer survi- new cancer cases in the Unit-
vors, health experts said. ed States in 2010 and 569,490
Several studies suggest cancer deaths.

To lose weight, put a little spring in your step

By Nanci Hellmich

When it comes to weight control, almost
nothing is easier and cheaper than brisk-walk-
Going for a walk every day can improve
mood, increase energy, lower blood pressure
and protect against diabetes, osteoporosis and
But to reap these benefits, you need to get
the lead out and put some spring in your step.
It's not window shopping or taking a stroll
in the park. Walk like you're late for the bus.
You should be able to carry on a conversa-
tion, but you'll be a little breathless when you
talk, says Miriam Nelson, director of the John
Hancock Research Center on Physical Activ-
ity, Nutrition and Obesity Prevention atTufts
University in Boston.
You should be able to feel that your heart

rate is up. Keep in mind that a brisk walk for
one person may be a stroll for another, she
Pace yourself. If you are just starting out
with a walking program, you should try to
work up to a pace of at least three mph, says
Anne Lusk, a research associate at theHar-
vard School of Public Health.
Here's another way to look at it
Less than three mph is considered slow
*More than three mph is considered brisk
*More than four mph is considered very
brisk walking.
She says to figure out your speed, count
your steps per minute: three mph is about 120
steps a minute, while four mph is about 135
steps a minute..
Besides increasing your pace, you may also

need to increase the number of steps you take.
A recent study showed
that Americans only
take an average of
about 5,000 steps
a day, but ex-
perts recom-
mend taking at
least 10,000 .
steps a day.
That s equiva-
lent to about
five miles over
the course of
a day. A mile is
roughly 2,000 to
2,500 steps, depending on
stride length.
For a real measure of the amount you move,
get a pedometer.

Dark chocolate may harbor benefits for the heart

If you can handle the fat and cal-
gI ories, there may be a health benefit
to enjoying dark chocolate on occa-
.. .. gsion. New research suggests that
the cocoa ingredient may
lower blood pressure
i -and cholesterol levels
while preventing dia-
betls and improving the
health of blood vessels.
So why not chow down
on a candy bar or two
every day? Here's
the rub: Scientists
aren't sure whether
the downsides of cocoa
consumption -- such as po-
tential obesity -- could outweigh the

The research relied on mostly sug-
ar-free dark chocolate, not the kind
of chocolate normally found on the
candy shelves. Participants who ate
the chocolate, which contained cocoa
rich in substances known as poly-
phenolic flavonoids, did better in sev-
eral areas, including blood pressure,
Levels of bad cholesterol went down
in those younger than 50, and levels
of good cholesterol went up.
The findings, which came from an
analysis of data from 21 high-quality
studies that included a total of 2,575
participants, were scheduled for pre-
sentation Wednesday at an Ameri-
can Heart Association conference in

Atlanta. Experts note that research
presented at meetings should be con-
sidered preliminary because it has
not been subjected to the rigorous
scrutiny given to research published
in medical journals.
It remains unclear, the researchers
said, as to just why chocolate appears
to have the effect that they found. It's
also not known how much people
would need to eat to get the benefits.
Then there's the cocoa itself, anoth-
er possible complication.
"The research looks at the benefits
of cocoa and used a very specifically
prepared cocoa," said Lona Sandon,
assistant professor of clinical nutri-
tion at the University of Texas South-

western Medical Center at Dallas.
"Cocoa is an ingredient of chocolate.
How the cocoa is processed makes a
difference in whether or not the choc-
olate drink or bar it is contained in
will have health benefits."
"In other words, not all chocolate or
cocoa is created equal," she said.
Though chocolate in moderation
may be fine for many people, Sandon
said, there are better and healthier
ways to boost heart health.
"Weight loss is king when it comes
to preventing high blood pressure
and improving insulin resistance,"
she said. "I do not see cocoa having
the power to overcome poor health

Iv, I IIL 1 1MI'll I WILO,

The Miami Times





By Carla K. Johnson

CHICAGO Children should
ride in rear-facing car seats lon-
ger, until they are two-years-
old instead of one, according to
updated advice from a medical e 'f
group and a federal agency....
The American Academy of ,
Pediatrics and the National '
Highway Traffic Safety Admin-
istration issued separate but
consistent new recommenda-
tions recently. A '
Both organizations say older .
children who've outgrown front- "
facing car seats should ride .*' '.;
in booster seats until the lap-
shoulder belt fits them. Booster
seats help position adult seat
belts properly on children's
smaller frames. Children usu- ..
ally can graduate from a booster '
seat when their height reaches
four feet nine inches. -
Children younger than 13
should ride in the back seat,
the guidelines from both groups
The advice may seem extreme
to some parents, who may imag-
ine trouble convincing older ele-
mentary school kids as old as
12 to use booster seats.
But it's based on evidence
from crashes. For older chil-
dren, poorly fitting seat belts
can cause abdominal and spine
injuries in a crash.
One-year-olds are five times

ess likely to be injure ina Toddlers have relatively large heads and small necks.In a front-facing car seat, the force of a crash can jerk tle child's
crash if they are in a rear facing Tor'dde s C ausig spinali rdr injui as,, .
cf:' la--thanr,; A IDr-,( t r;.-= eaf uSifg Spinal rflinjufIls" ;F

seat, according to a 2007 anal-
ysis of five years of U.S. crash
Put another way, an estimated
1,000 children injured in for-
ward-facing seats over 15 years
might not have been hurt if they
had been in a car seat facing the
back, said Dr. Dennis Durbin,
lead author of the recommenda-
tions and a pediatric emergency
physician, at Children's Hospital
of Philadelphia.
Toddlers have relatively large
heads and small necks. In a
front-facing car seat, the force of
a crash can jerk the child's head
causing spinal cord injuries.
Car seats have recommend-
ed weights printed on them. If
a one-year-old outweighs the
recommendation of an infant
seat, parents should switch to
a different rear-facing car seat
that accommodates the heavier
weight until they turn two, the
pediatricians group says.
Luckily for parents, most car
seat makers have increased the
amount of weight the seats can
hold. This year, about half of in-
fant rear-facing seats accommo-
date up to 30 pounds, Durbin
said. Ten years ago, rear-facing
car seats topped out at children
weighing 22 pounds.
"The good news is it's likely
parents currently have a car
seat that will accommodate the
change," Durbin said.
The American Academy of Pe-
,diafris., recommendations, ap-
pear in the journal Pediatrics. i

Half million U.S. teens

have eating disorders

By Lindsey Tanner

CHICAGO More than half
a million U.S. teens have had
an eating disorder but few
have sought treatment for the
problem, government research
The study is billed as the
largest and most comprehen-
sive analysis of eating disor-
ders. It involved nationally
representative data on more
than 10,000 teens aged 13 to
Binge-eating disorder was
the most common, affect-
ing more than 1.5 percent of
kids studied. Just less than
one percent had experienced
bulimia, and 0.3 percent had
had anorexia. Overall, three
percent had a lifetime preva-
lence of one of the disorders.
Another three percent of kids

questioned had troubling
symptoms but not full-fledged
eating disorders.
The study was released on-
line recently in Archives of
General Psychiatry.
The rates are slightly high-
er than in other studies. And
the study is based on kids
and parents interviewed over
two years ending in 2004.
But co-author and researcher
Kathleen Merikangas of the
National Institute of Mental
Health says similar rates like-
ly exist today.
More than half the affected
teens had depression, anxi-
ety or some other mental dis-
order. Sizeable numbers also
reported suicide thoughts or
Merikangas said the results
underscore the seriousness of
eating disorders.

By Mary Brophy Marcus

People who don't exercise
on a regular basis, and then
have episodes of intense exer-
cise or sex are more likely to
experience a heart attack or
die suddenly than those who
are more active, new research
An analysis of 14 previous
heart studies in this week's
Journal of the American Med-
ical Association suggests that
irregular bouts of physical
activity can be a trigger for a
heart attack or sudden death,
while infrequent episodes of
sexual activity increased the
risk for just heart attacks. No

studies looked at the asso-
ciation of sexual activity and
sudden cardiac death.
As many as a million acute
myocardial infarctions (heart
attacks and 300,000 cardiac
arrests occur in the United
States each year, according to
the study authors
The researchers found a 3.5
times increased risk of heart
attack from episodic physical
activity, while sex was associ-
ated with a 2.7 times greater
People who engage in phys-
ical activity several times per
week experience less of an in-
crease in risk while exercising,
Please turn to HEART 18B

People can exercise only

so much self-control

By Sophie Terbush

People who overtax their
self-control may find they have
less in reserve for later, sug-
gests an intriguing new study
that may have implications for
people trying to lose weight or
make other behavioral chang-
But lack of sleep does not
appear to affect self-control,
say the researchers, whose
study of 58 subjects is in the
March issue of the journal So-
cial Psychological and Person-
ality Science.
The subjects half had
stayed awake for 24 hours
and half were well-rested -
were shown scenes involving
vomit and excrement from two
movies,. Monty Python's The
Meaning of Life (1983) and
Trainspotting (1996).

Some were allowed to ex-
press reactions; others were
told to show no emotion. Lat-
er, they played an aggressive
game in which they won or
lost by chance. Winners were

Lack of sleep does not ap-
pear to affect self-control, the
study says.

allowed to blast their opponent
with a loud noise.
Those who had suppressed
their emotions blasted their
opponent at a noise level
about 33 percent higher than
those who were allowed to
show emotion, regardless of
how much sleep they'd had,
researchers found.
Results suggest that "people
Please turn to EXERCISE 18B

Sleep-deprived people eat 300 more calories a day

By Nanci Hellmich

When people are sleep-deprived,
they eat almost 300 calories a day
more than when they are well-
rested. And ice cream is one of their
favorite foods to eat when they're
tired, a new study shows.
Scientists have known for years
that too little shut-eye can lead to
weight gain and obesity.
So researchers at Columbia Uni-
versity decided to find out whether
people actually consume more when
they are sleep-deprived vs. well-
They recruited 26 normal-weight
men and women who routinely slept
between seven and nine hours a
night. The participants came into
an inpatient hospital-like setting for
six days on two different occasions.
Half slept four hours a night for six
nights. The other half slept for nine
hours a night for six nights.
For the first days, they received a

portion-controlled diet, but the last
two days they could eat as much as
they wanted from food they chose
themselves. The entire procedure
was repeated a second time with

people getting a different amount of
Findings, reported recently at an
American Heart Association meeting
in Atlanta:

*Participants consumed an aver-
age of 296 calories more when they
were sleep-deprived compared with
when they were well-rested.
*When women were sleep-deprived
they ate an average 329 more calo-
ries a day vs. when they were well-
rested; men ate 263 more calories.
*Overall, most of the extra calories
came from high-fat foods such as ice
cream and fast foods.
*When women were sleep-de-
prived, they ate an average of about
31 more fat grams a day. Men's fat
intake didn't climb that much.
"Ice cream stood out as the
preferred food during the sleep-
deprived state," says lead author
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, an assistant
professor of clinical nutrition medi-
cine at Columbia. "Sleep depriva-
tion makes you more susceptible to
overeating, so that can be something
to consider when you're trying to
lose weight."
Please turn to CALORIES 18B




The added pounds of pregnancy can take
a toll on your whole body, but your feet bear
the brunt of that baby weight.
The American Podiatric Medical Associa-
tion suggests how to help ease sore, swollen
feet during pregnancy:
Rest with your feet elevated as often as
you can.
Don't cross your legs or ankles.
When sitting, stretch your feet and legs
Wear comfortable shoes. Have your feet
measured to make sure you're wearing the
right size, as pregnancy can make feet longer
and wider.

i S

Intense exercise, sex

may raise heart risk

Lack of sleep can lead to overeating and obesity.



What it means for your child


By Lylah M. Alphonse

In an exclusive post published
on Shine recently, First Lady
Michelle Obama offers some
advice, drawn from her own ex-
perience, about the Affordable
Care Act and how parents can
get the most out of visits to the
pediatrician. One of her sugges-
tions: Learn about your child's
The First Lady was surprised
to learn that her daughters'
BMI numbers were "creeping
upwards." "I didn't really know
what BMI was," she writes. "And
I certainly didn't know that
even a small increase in BMI
can have serious consequences
for a child's health. But as Dr.

First Lady Michelle Obama, right, talks to White House Ex-
ecutive Chef Cristeta Pasia Comerford, second from left, as
local 5th graders from Bancroft Elementary look on during
the White House Kitchen Garden Fall Harvest at the White
House. The festival was part of the First Lady's initiative to
stop childhood obesity.

', w" -, J T -- ,. a
1P. ^ "^ ^^^*^ ^ -". *-^ ^

First Lady Michelle Obama embraced the trend when she
invited students from Washington's Bancroft Elementary
School to help plant a White House kitchen garden.

Susan J. Woolford explains, de-
spite the medical jargon, BMI
(Body Mass Index) is actually a
very easy way to answer a very
difficult question: Is my child
"We're concerned about obe-
sity because of the complica-
tions of obesity," Woolford says.
"Increased risk for developing

problems such as high blood
pressure, diabetes, liver dis-
ease-all the things that can
happen as a result of having a
high BMI."
The medical director of
the Pediatric Comprehensive
Weight Management Center
at the University of Michigan,
Please turn to BMI 19B

Rigorous exercise can increase heart attack chances

continued from 17B

compared to people who are not
regularly active," says study co-
author Jessica Paulus, an as-
sistant professor of medicine at
the Tufts University School of
Medicine in Boston.
The study is a careful review,
and updates established data,
says Joseph Marine, associate
professor of medicine at Johns
Hopkins University School of
Medicine in Baltimore. It "em-
phasizes that sudden, out-of-

the-ordinary levels of exertion
in the otherwise sedentary
person may be associated with
heart attack. Like an older
person who does very little
exercise, then snow falls and
they're out there shoveling," he
Still, because episodes of
physical exertion and sexual
activity are infrequent, and the
risk increase short-lived, the
absolute risk of these activities
triggering an event is small,
notes lead author Issa Dahab-
reh, a research associate at the

Center for Clinical Evidence
Synthesis at the Institute for
Clinical Research and Health
Policy Studies, Tufts Medical
"It's not surprising to us car-
diologists," says Irving Herling,
director of Consultative Car-
diology at The Hospital of the
University of Pennsylvania, in
Philadelphia. He says inactive
people tend to also have other
risk factors for heart disease,
such as smoking and obesity.
The message isn't to stop ex-
ercising or having sex, say Her-

ling and the study authors.
The paper doesn't take into
account the overall beneficial
effect of physical activity on
heart health, which has been
established in other large stud-
ies, Dahabreh says.
"Walking, any kind of physi-
cal activity on a routine basis
- risk is reduced substantially
even by doing that," says Her-
ling. "I mean, people will go
around for half an hour looking
for the closest (parking) spot to
the gym, but that's the mental-
ity of our world."

Knowing your own amount of self-control

continued from 17B

have a diminishable supply of
energy that the body and mind
use to engage in self-control,"
says study author Kathleen
Vohs, a consumer psychology
professor at the University of
Minnesota's Carlson School of
Management. "When people
use this energy toward achiev-
ing one goal, they have less of it
available to use toward achiev-
ing other goals."
That can help predict when
people are likely to fail at their
diets, spend too much money or
misbehave with family or in re-
lationships, Vohs says.
Results suggest loss of self-
control resources isn't the same

as being tired, she says. "The
ability to engage in self-control
is determined by prior use of
self-control, not by how much
sleep one had the night before."
The study was part of ongoing
research on sleep deprivation at
the University of Texas-Austin.
Findings don't suggest busy
people will lash out for no rea-
son: "Aggressive behavior in-
volves some action by someone
else that causes you to want to
retaliate," says researcher Art
Markman, a psychology profes-
sor at the University of Texas.
Roy Baumeister, director of
social psychology at Florida
State University, has done ex-
tensive research on self-con-
trol. "Most people chronically
don't get enough sleep, so it's

reassuring to suggest from this
one finding that it does not
have any effect on self-control
of aggression," he says.
But Baumeister says the test
used may not account for oth-
er factors besides self-control
that could contribute to ag-
gression, such as personality
or the competitiveness of the
task itself.
Sian Beilock, a psychology
professor at the University of
Chicago, says it's interesting
that "being taxed in terms of
doing one task can have these
spillover effects on another."
People may think they can
compartmentalize the different
tasks they do during the day,
but it turns out they are all con-
nected, she says.

The study, paid for in part
by the U.S. Army, could have
important implications for the
military as well. Though a lab is
nothing like a war zone, "it does
give preliminary reason for hope
that just because a soldier has
been forced to stay up for 24-36
hours, it doesn't mean they will
react aggressively because they
were sleep-deprived," Markman
For the rest of us, Vohs rec-
ommends being more mindful
of priorities:
"When you want to engage in
good self-control, the best thing
that you can do for yourself
is set up your day so you ex-
ert your self-control resources
toward that specific task you
want to succeed at."

Not much has been known about fiber's role in regards
to the lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease. Now a new
study has made an important connection.


By Nanci Hellmich

Here's another good reason
to eat broccoli, beans, whole-
grain bread and other fiber-
rich foods.
A high-fiber diet appears to
reduce your lifetime risk of
cardiovascular disease, es-
pecially if you are consum-
ing lots of fiber when you
are young and middle-aged,
according to research being
presented this week at an
American Heart Association
meeting in Atlanta.
Other research has shown
that diets high in fiber (found
in fruits, vegetables, whole
grains and beans) are associ-
ated with a lower risk of high
blood pressure, obesity and
elevated cholesterol, which
increase the risk of heart
attacks. But not much has
been known about fiber's role
in regards to the lifetime risk
of cardiovascular disease.
So researchers at North-
western University in Chi-
cago analyzed dietary-recall
data from more than 11,000
people, ages 20 and older,
who participated in the Na-
tional Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey. People
were divided by age group:
young adults, 20-39 years;
middle-aged adults, 40-59
years; and older adults, 60-
The researchers predicted

lifetime risk for major cardio-
vascular events such as heart
attack, stroke and death from
heart disease using a formula
that took into account blood
pressure, cholesterol, smok-
ing habits and diabetes. They
controlled for factors such as
physical activity, education,
drinking and total calories.
Only 15 percent of people
consumed 25 grams or more
of fiber a day, which is the
amount recommended by the
heart association.
People who are in the top.
25 percent of dietary fiber
intake that is, they con-
sume more than 22 grams
of dietary fiber a day are
more likely to have a lower
lifetime risk for cardiovascu-
lar disease, says lead author
Hongyan Ning, a statistical
analyst in the department of
preventive medicine at North-
western University Feinberg
School of Medicine. "The as-
sociation also applies to older
adults, but it's not as strong."
Endocrinologist Robert
Eckel, a spokesman for the
heart association and a pro-
fessor of medicine at the
University of Colorado An-
schutz Medical Campus in
Aurora, says this study rein-
forces the fact that "fiber is
important for heart health,"
which means eating a diet
with more complex carbohy-

Obesity linked to lack of sleep

continued from 17B

This confirms other research
that short sleep duration is as-
sociated with eating more and
could lead to obesity and an in-
creased risk of cardiovascular
disease, St-Onge says.
She says one other' study
also found that sleep-deprived
adults ate almost 300 calories
more a day than those who
were well-rested.
St-Onge is still analyzing
the data on how the sleep de-
privation may affect appetite

However, other studies show
that sleep-deprived people
have higher levels of ghrelin, a
hormone that stimulates hun-
ger, and lower levels of leptin, a
fullness hormone, than people
who are well-rested.
University of Chicago sleep
researcher Eve Van Cauter,
a leading expert in this field,
says that an additional 300
calories day "is a substan-
tial increase in energy intake
that, if maintained chronically,
would lead to rapid and robust
weight gain."


Church fair addresses disparities in Black men's health
Church fair addresses disparities in Black men's health

By Michael Robinson
Special to the NNPA

According to About.com Men's
Health, Black men suffer far worse
health than any other racial group
in America.
At least 44 percent of Black men
are considered overweight; Black
men suffer more preventable oral
diseases that are treatable; and
Black men have a higher incidence
of diabetes and prostate cancer.
These, and many other reasons,
are why the leadership of Enon
Tabernacle Baptist Church took
on the challenge of creating a free

health fair totally dedicated
to men, particularly Black
men, "Know Your Numbers:
A Men's Health Initiative,"
on Enon's main campus.
The event's theme "Know
Your Numbers" refers to the
importance of men knowing
their blood sugar/choles-
terol levels, prostate PSA, "
height/weight/blood pres-
sure and other health fac- RO
"Black men tend to not take care
of themselves. We wanted to cre-
ate a content, for free, that would
provide men with healthcare in-


Formation and services
that they need," said Dr.
Alyn Waller, senior pas-
;P tor. "The church is in
j the best position to ad-
dress health, education,
and economic develop-
til S ment. When we do this,
we become more relevant
the church needs to be
S more relevant."
NSON Enon is one of the larg-
est Black congregations in
Pennsylvania. And Waller, a Black
man in his mid-40s, is determined
to improve the image of the church
community by initiating such im-

pactful and life-changing minis-
try outreach services, such as the
health fair.
"A lot of Black men don't take care
of their health, but Enon's Men's
Health Initiative provides a great
service to the community," said Ka-
trina May, an independent market-
ing representative for Heathtrans'
FDI Pharmacy Discount Card.,
In Enon's sanctuary, throngs of
Black men were lined up waiting at
various check points for prostate
exams, chats with healthcare ven-
dors, listening attentively to guest
lecturers, eating healthy meals at
food stations or waiting their turn

for therapeutic massages performed
by students of Cortiva Institute's
School of Massage Therapy one of
many vendors in attendance.
"The city of Philadelphia was
ranked as one of the lowest in na-
tional health, especially for men of
color," claims Gilda Smith, 43, Certi-
fied Massage Therapist, owner of My
Exhale Spa and a member of Enon.
"Women seem to be more diligent
and conscious about their health."
She believes personal health may
be less of a priority for men, but her
main message to men is, "Take care
of yourselves, so you can be in posi-
tion to take care of others."

Hi, I'm Alana Pinckney and in June of
2006 was diagnosed with FSCG (FOCAL

S Please help me in my efforts to raise funds for
my kidney transplant and assist me in taking a
step toward a longer ad healthier life.


Call 786-238-0535

I IIL Iviltilvil IIIVI I1Io P -M %LV w I II

-r =i

.e ca-? I

Calculating a healthy body mass index for your child Rev. Clarke appointed chaplain
Th e Bahamian Amerircan Fed-

continued from 18B

Woolford says that it's not prac-
tical to directly measure each
and every child's body fat. "So
the BMI is a good way of get-
ting a sense of that, because we
compare weight to height and
it gives us a sense of whether a
person's weight is too much for
their height."
The U.S. Centers for Dis-
ease Control and Prevention
and the American Academy
for Pediatrics recommend that
pediatricians start screening
children around age two. Be-
cause boys and girls have dif-
ferent amounts of body fat, and
because the amount of fat on
a healthy kid changes as they
age, there are different charts
for evaluating
BMI results based on age and
gender. According to the CDC,

if a child's BMI falls in the 85th
to 94th percentile for his or her
age and weight-meaning that
the child's BMI is higher than
85 to 94 percent of other chil-
dren in the same age and weight
categories-the child is consid-
ered overweight. Anything in
the 95th percentile or above
is considered obese. A healthy
BMI is one that's between the
5th and 84th percentiles; less
than 5th percentile means that
the child is underweight.
Some states have asked
school districts to measure
students' BMIs, causing an
uproar among parents who
are concerned that the focus
on weight could lead to eating
disorders or other problems for
kids with body-image issues.
(If you have recent height and
weight measurements for your
child or teenager, you can figure
out his or her BMI using this

Body Mass Index doesn't di-
rectly measure body fat-it's a
screening tool, not a diagnostic
tool, Woolford points out. And
BMI isn't always accurate; since
muscle weighs more than fat,
most athletes, even as children,
may be considered overweight
or even obese when looking at
their BMI numbers alone. "But
for the majority of Americans,
that's not what we find," Wool-
ford points out. "For the vast
majority of Americans, when
weight is too high for height it's
because we're dealing with adi-
posity," or an overabundance of
fatty tissue.
If a parent learns, as the
Obamas did, that their child's
BMI is getting too high, the best
thing to do is to speak with the
child's primary care physician
to determine how at-risk the
child is for obesity and obesi-

ty-related complications. If the
parent and pediatrician de-
cide that there is something to
be concerned about, there are
plenty of simple ways parents
can address the problem.
"One of the most important
things that can be done is to
model a healthy lifestyle for the
chid," says Woolford. "I don't
think it works terribly well to
just identify that this child has
a problem and identify changes
we'll make in the child's diet
alone or their exercise habits
alone. It's much more success-
ful if the entire family makes
the changes, and if the parents
model healthy lifestyle practic-
Those practices should in-
clude increasing exercise, de-
creasing sedentary activities
like watching TV and playing
video games, and changing eat-
ing habits.

eration Inc., has appointed Rev.
Warren J. Clarke as Chaplain.
Rev. Clarke was appointed to
the Chaplain's position former-
ly held by his father, the late
Rev. Dr. Philip Clarke Jr.
Rev. Clarke is an associate
minister at St. Matthews M.B.
Church 6100 NW 24 Ave.
Bahamians and Americans
are encouraged to become a
part of an organization that is
successful in preserving the
Bahamian Heritage and Cul-
For new member information,
call Mrs. Cherie Footes 305-

Kev. warren J. ClarKe
467-5699 or Mr. James Moss

0o in teR l ii ** l i

Ca11ll Kcg ir( 'nFrnlinr

Different methods to make the health care reform law work for you

continued from 16B

treatment decisions on inad-
equate scientific evidence. They
and you simply must look more
carefully at the options and
evidence, especially when deal-
ing with serious conditions or
chronic diseases.
These days, that means do-
ing more than just getting a
second opinion. You can con-
sult authoritative websites,
'. such as the Cochrane Collab-
oration or the Drug Effective-
ness Review Project,that pres-
ent detailed evidence reviews
and treatment comparisons
that even your doctor might
not be aware of. It also increas-
ingly means entering into a

formal "shared decision-mak-
ing" agreement with your doc-
tor. Studies show that such ar-
rangements lead many people
to choose more conservative
and less risky treatments.
Choose doctors, hospitals
carefully. A major movement
is afoot in medicine to improve
the quality of care by mea-
suring the outcomes of treat-
ments more rigorously and
holding doctors and hospitals
accountable for poor quality
care for example, by pay-
ing them less when things go
wrong. You can help drive this
change by opting to see only
doctors who are involved in a
quality-improvement initia-
tive.There are many local and
national initiatives, and sim-

ply asking about this puts the
pressure on.
The biggest national initia-
tive in this area is the adoption
of electronic health records, a
$20 billion federal program.
Over the next few years, all
doctors can get a bonus from
Medicare if they switch from
antiquated and inefficient pa-
per records to an electronic
system that allows them to
more carefully track your care,
share records with other doc-
tors, give you all or a portion of
that e-record, and report their
treatment results for quality
monitoring while protect-
ing your privacy. If your doc-
tor doesn't make the switch
soon, frankly you should con-
sider a switch yourself to

another doctor.
Use ratings. You use them
when you buy cars, comput-
ers and TVs, or choose hotels,
restaurants and movies. Why
not health insurers, doctors,
hospitals and nursing homes?
More and more such ratings
and comparisons are available
online, and they are getting
better. Use the search engine
of your choice to find them.
A caution is in order, though:
Doctor rating sites which
focus mostly on the service
component of the doctor' office
and his or her interpersonal
skills are not quite ready
for prime time. There are 10
or so high-profile ones such as
RateMDs,Vitals.com, Health-
Grades and DrScore. They

don't yet have enough reviews
per doctor to be statistically ro-
bust. If all of us took the time
to rate our doctors and hospi-
tal experiences, that problem
would be resolved. Ask about
"patient experience" surveys
where you get care.
Don't take safety for grant-
ed. Medical care, especially in
hospitals, poses serious risks.
The numbers from recent
studies have shocked even
public health experts. About
nine million people each year
are harmed by hospital care,
including two million who get
an infection during a hospi-
tal stay. Among Medicare pa-
tients, medical errors and in-
fections cause or contribute to
180,000 deaths a year. Your

job: Check the safety and in-
fection record of any hospi-
tal you might be entering; 27
states and Washington, D.C.,
now require hospitals to col-
lect and report this informa-
tion. Consult with your doctor
about what you find, and don't
hesitate to ask about the risks
of even routine tests and pro-
Democrats and Republicans
don't agree on much these
days about reforming health
care. But both sides have con-
sistently embraced putting
more information and power
in the hands of consumers and
patients. Amid the partisan
rancor of the health reform de-
bate, this bit of wisdom should
shine through.

r' he \ 'ian i'ines

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Apostolic Mt. Calvary Missionary Hlosanna Community
Revival Center Baptist Church Baptist Church
6102 N.W. 15th Avenue 1140 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd 2171 N.W. 56th Street
Order of Services Older of Servires Order of Servi
Wed *;~ II ; .....i ti, n, i, e in 6ir.B l,. dpPmd s Ii
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. 3rd Avenue

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St. Mark Missionary
Baptist Church
1470 N.W. 87th Street

Order of Services


New Birth Baptist Church, The Cathedral of Faith International
2300 N.W. 135th Street

Order of Servites
Sunday Worship / o m
11 a.m,. pm
Sunday Sthool 9.30 a m.
Tuesday (Bible Sludy) 6.145p m
Wednesday Bible Study
10 45 am

I (8OO) 754 NBBC
305 6853700
For 305-685-0105
www newbirlhbapiisimiami.org


7. X.

talh ,,Ar"y
Awn Wed 5pm

Jordan Grove Missionary
Baptist Church
5946 N.W 12th Avenue

i ...- Order of Services
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Liberty City Churcth
of Christ
1263 N.W 67th Street

Order of Srvice
--gl~f hMw.ng 4 1 m

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New Vision For Christ
13650 N.E. 10th Avenue
i l
Order of Services
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Pembroke Park Church of Christ
3701 S.W. 56th Avenue Hollywood, FL 33023

Order of Services
Sunday. Bible Study 9 o.m Momning Wrship 10 a.
Evening Worshp 6 p.m.
Wedeidlay Genwcol Bible Sludy 1.30 p rr,


SIelevision Program Sure foundahan
My33 WBFS/Comrast 3 Sourday 1.30 a.m.
vrow perribrhkepoaichurrhohhrrslrm pe"arnaco lcb l:coii nel
Ali a.ilJ.,Mnse

Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church
15250 N.W. 22nd Avenue

Order of Servire
IiBr W l, ,
Clw'nlte3n' itvi
Fhdi j iorn- I? I ii
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Antioch Missionary Baptist
Church of Brownsville
2799 W. 46th Street

Ordr uf Services

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First Baptist Missionary
Baptist Church of Brownsville
4600 NW. 23rd Avenue

Order of Services

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93rd Street Community
Missionary Baptist Church
2330 N.W. 93rd Street
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Zion Hope
Missionary Baptist
5129 1.W. 17th Avenue

,Order of Series
v iwul r3Pam1 rs

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Church of Christ
4561 m.W. 33rd Court

Order of Servtes
I Wdt, Drn. ffnWW9I 6

kndc e. l Lr Bamk W, is, h
i Miin. Robert L.HotSr.

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Friendship Missionary Baptist Church
740 N.W. 58th Street

Order of Seincr
Houl of Prayer 6 30 a.m earlyy Morning Worship 30 an m
uindoy Sihool 9 30 o ni MoinigWor,hip II am
Youlh Minisiry Study. Wed / p m Prayer, Bible Sludy. Wed I p m
Noonday Altor Prayer (Mf)
fc-eding the Hungry every Wednesday .il am 1p.m.
.* Fi;erd'.hipmbiii ior o hir.dshppeerQotelti'n'n er

St. John Baptist Carh
1328 N.W. 3rd Avenue

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1723 N.W


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I Rev. Dr. Gleoroy Deveaux

Bishop James Dean Adam



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... ..... M U M
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surance agent,
died March 27
at Miami Jew-
ish Home. View-
ing 6 10 p.m.,
Friday, April 8.
Service 10 a.m.,
Saturday, April 9
at Kingdom Hall
of Jehovah's Witnesses, 300 W. 40
Street, Miami Beach.


50, event staff,
died March 21
at Jackson Me-
morial Hospital.
Service 1 p.m.,
Tuesday at Jor-
dan Grove Mis-
sionary Baptist

I. $ ')

died March 27
at Cornerstone "
Hospital. Ar- j
rangements are

lady, died March 18 at Jackson
Memorial Hospital. Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday in chapel.

IRENE SANDERS, 76, home-
maker, died March 24 at Hialeah
Hospital. Arrangements are incom-

Hadley Davis
MARTHA HARVEY, 89, house-
wife, died March
22 at St. Cath-
erine West Re-
hab Hospital.
Service 11 a.m.,
Friday in the

er, died March
23 at home.
Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday at
Dayspring M. B.

president sani-
tation, died
March 24. Ser-
vice 11 a.m.,
Saturday at New

a ir lin e
employee, died
March 25 at
home. Survivors
include: two '
sons; one
grandkids; two
sisters; three brothers; and host of
other relatives and friends. Viewing
from 3 p.m., Friday. Service 11
a.m., Saturday at 93rd Community
Baptist Church.

Wright and Young
JAMES CONEY, 74, City of Mi-
ami Spring pub-
lic works, died
March 26 at
Vista. Service
2 p.m.,' Satur-
day at Antioch
M.B. Church of

crane operator/
lawn services,
died March 28
at Memorial Re-
gional Hospital.
Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday at
Antioch of Lib- -
erty City Baptist
Church. He is survived by his sons,
Lawrence, George Jr., Torrance,
Sean, and Derrick; daughter, Ka-
trina; a host of other relatives and

retired United ..
States Postal
Service employ-
ee, died March
24 at home.
Survivors in-
clude: husband,
Charles E. Bry-
ant; two daugh-
ters, Patrice (Jeff) Alexander and
Twanna Bryant; two sons, Charles
E. Bryant II and Travis (Latoya)
Bryant; five grandchildren; two
sisters; three brothers; and a host
of family and friends. Viewing 5-8
p.m. Friday, 14545 Carver Drive.
Service 1 p.m., Saturday at Sec-
ond Baptist Church, 11111 Pinkston
Drive, Richmond Heights.

58, Blue-collar
worker, died
March 27 at Vet-
erans Adminis-
tration Hospi-
tal. Service 11
a.m., Saturday
at House of God
Church 10495 SW 170th Street in

ER, 83, retired
Dade County
Public Schools
and teacher,
died March 25
at Aventura '-.

vivors include:
daughter Beverlye Paul Davis; son
Hiawatha Paul II; four grandchil-
dren; five great grandchildren and
one great- great grandson. View-
ing 4 to 9 p.m., Friday. Service at
11 a.m., Saturday at Allen Chapel
AME 1201 NW 111 Street.


59, retired So-
ciety Cab driver
with 40 years
of service, died
March 23. Sur-
vivors include:
brothers, Jessie
Britt and Jerome
Thomas; sis-

ters, Winona Diane Trimmings and
Beverly Britt; and a host of nieces,
,nephews, cousins, grand nieces,
nephews and friends. Viewing 1-9
p.m., Friday at Richardson Mortu-
ary, 4500 NW 17 Avenue. Service
10 a.m., Saturday at New Birth
Baptist Church Cathedral of Faith
International, 2300 NW 135 Street.

WILLIE BURCH, 81, construc-
tion worker, died -
March 27 Vista
Hospice. Ser- -', ~
vice, 11 a.m. at "
Friendship M.B.. ',

medical technician, died March 17
at home. Service was held.

Carey Royal Ram'n
died March 21
at Jackson Me-
morial hospital.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday at
New Jerusalem
Baptist Church.

Death Notice
nurse, died ",
March 11 at' .
Vitas Hospice
Care. Survivors ,'
include: caring
neighbors, fam- ,'. '"
ily and friends.
Service 7 p.m., _'
Friday at Riverview Condo, 7801
NE 4th Court.

Civil rights leaderJohn L. CashinJr. dies at 82

Ran against George Wallace in 1970

By Margalit Fox

John L. Cashin Jr., a civil
rights campaigner who was
the first Black candidate for
governor of Alabama since Re-
construction, mounting an un-
successful challenge in 1970 to
the arch-segregationist George
C. Wallace, died on Monday in
Washington, where he lived in
recent years. He was 82.
The cause was kidney fail-
ure, said his daughter, Sheryll
A dentist, Dr. Cashin came
from a family that had long
fought for social justice. Their
struggle was chronicled by Ms.
Cashin in her recent book,
"The Agitator's Daughter," pub-
lished by PublicAffairs in 2008.

The first Black person
since Reconstruction to
run for governor of Ala-

The book also relates her fa-
ther's later troubles with the
In 2009, The Huntsville Times
in Alabama called Dr. Cashin
"one of the most ferocious civil
rights lions in Alabama back in
the day."
Dr. Cashin founded the Na-
tional Democratic Party of
Alabama in 1968 and was its
chairman until it disbanded in
1976. A predominantly Black
splinter party, it was conceived
in opposition to the fervently
anti-integrationist Democratic
Party embodied in the region
by Wallace, who had been gov-
ernor from 1963 to 1967 and
by 1970 was seeking a second

Hall Ferguson Hewitt
carpenter r,
died March
26 at Jackson
Se rco r i a I
Ho s p i t a I.
Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday at
Bible Baptist

Nakia Ingraham

ESTELLA GAYLE, 68, nurses
aid, died March 20. Service 3 p.m.,
Friday at Freedom Hall Church

manager, died March 26. Service 2
p.m., Saturday in the chapel.

Straghn and Sons
housewife, died March 27 at Vista

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

12/11/78 03/31/08

To some you are forgotten,
to some you are the past. But
to us, the ones who loved and
lost you, your memories will
always last.
We will always love you.
Your sisters and family.

John L. Cashin


offices in Alabama's Black Belt,
the region, named for its rich,
dark soil, comprising 17 coun-
ties in the central and western
part of the state.

But in Greene County, near
Tuscaloosa, a judge defied the
high court's order and refused
to place six of the party's candi-
dates on local ballots that fall.
The case returned to the Su-
preme Court, which voided the
results of the general election
in the county and mandated a
Special election there.
In that election, held in July
i, Jr. 1969, the six candidates, all
Rlack nrevailed. Their victo-

As expected, Wallace won the
governorship in a landslide in
the 1970 general election, with
74.51 percent of the vote. Dr.
Cashin, with 14.68 percent,
finished second, ahead of sev-
eral independent and minor-
party candidates. (There was
no Republican candidate.)
Wallace, who ran unsuccess-
fully for the presidency four
times, was later elected to third
and fourth terms as governor.
Paralyzed from the waist down
as a result of an assassination
attempt in 1972, he publicly
moderated his views on seg-
regation toward the end of his
life. He died in 1998.
The party Dr. Cashin found-
ed did succeed in changing the
face of local offices through-
out the state. In 1968, after
Alabama refused to place its
candidates on the ballot for
the general election, the party
sued. The case was ultimately
heard by the United States Su-
preme Court, which ordered
the state to put them on.
In November, 17 of the splin-
ter party's candidates won local

Card or i Tanks

The family of the late,

: i.


acknowledges with deep ap-
preciation your thoughtful-
ness and comforting expres-
sions of sympathy during this
most difficult time.
Special thanks to Bishop
Randall E. Holts, Prophetess
Sharlene D. Holts and the
New Hope MBC Family; Jack-
son Health System Family;
5000 Role Models of Excel-
lence Project and Hall-Fergu-
son-Hewitt Mortuary.
Our hope is that God will
continue to bless you.
The Curry Family

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

_". .

... '__ .S .. ....


There will be a candle light
vigil 3 p.m., Sunday at 2417
NW 50 Street.
The Family

......, 1 1. ... .. ... .. ...
ry four seats on the county
commission and two on the
school board was the first
time since 1816 that Greene
County's government had not
been controlled by whites.
John Logan Cashin Jr. was
born in Huntsville on April 16,
1928. His father, John Logan
Sr., a dentist, and his mother,
the former Grace Brandon, a
junior high school principal,
were active in civil rights work.
His paternal grandfather, Her-
schel V. Cashin, had served in
the Alabama Legislature during

After attending Fisk Univer-
sity, John Cashin Jr. received
a bachelor's degree in natural
science from Tennessee State
University. He earned a D.D.S.
from Meharry Medical College,
a historically Black institution
in Nashville, and joined his fa-
ther in practice. In the 1950s,
he served with the Army Dental
Corps in France.
The younger Dr. Cashin ran

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,

03/31/79 04/18/06

To some you are forgotten,
to some you are of the past.
But to us, the ones who loved
and lost you, your memories
will always last! Happy 32nd
Birthday Slick!
Love always, your loving
mom; loving daughter, Alvin-
nae, and your family.




unsuccessfully for mayor of
Huntsville in 1964. A licensed
pilot, he took to the air in his
single-engine plane each elec-
tion season for years to drop
campaign leaflets in the state's
Black districts.
Partly because of his civil
rights activities, Dr. Cashin's
life had no small share of tur-
moil. As his daughter's memoir
recounts, he was long moni-
tored by the F.B.I. The Inter-
nal Revenue Service pursued a
case against him for years, say-
ing he owed hundreds of thou-
sands of dollars in back taxes.
(The amount was later greatly
Although Dr. Cashin had
been "moderately wealthy," as
The New York Times wrote in
1970, he poured nearly all of
his personal resources into the
party he founded, leaving his
family in vastly reduced cir-
cumstances, Ms. Cashin wrote.
In April 1982, Dr. Cashin was
convicted of perjury in federal
court in New York. He had been
charged with giving false state-
ments to a judge while trying
to arrange bail for a narcotics
dealer. He was sentenced to
four months in prison.
Later that April, Dr. Cashin
pleaded guilty in an Alabama
court to two counts of second-
degree theft for having cashed
his mother's Social Security
and pension checks for at least
several years after her death.
As The Huntsville Times report-
ed, he served 17 months in a
minimum-security prison.
Dr. Cashin's first wife, the
former Joan Carpenter, whom
he married in 1957, died in
1997. He is survived by their
three children: his daughter,
Ms. Cashin, and two sons,
John M. and Carroll; his sec-
ond wife, Louise White Cashin;
and five grandchildren.


During the past several
weeks, our readers might
have noticed that our obit-
uary page has been shorter
than usual. The reason
is not that the number of
deaths in our community
have suddenly declined
but because our newspa-
per is not getting the infor-
mation on all of the deaths.
For some reason, 14
of the 34 Black funeral
homes have informed The
Miami Times that they will
not submit any more death
notices to our newspa-
per for publication: Bain
Range/Range, Gregg L.
Mason, Poitier, D. Richard-
son, A. Richardson, Mitch-
ell, Jay's Hall-Ferguson-
Hewitt, Kitchens, Wright &
Young, Pax Villa, Stevens,
Carey, Royal & Rahming
and Royal.
This newspaper contin-
ues to publish all death
notices submitted to us
as a public service free of
charge as we have been do-
ing for the past 88 years.
If your funeral home does
not submit the information
to us, you may submit it
on your own. Please con-
sult our obituary page for
further information or call

4 :ii







Recent Miami screening

sparks interest and debate

By D. Kevin McNeir
Black Harvard professor Dr. Henry Louis Gates, 60,
has long been recognized as one of the leading intellec-
tual minds and scholars of Black culture in America and
around the globe. And with the contributions he contin-
ues to make from his seat as the W.E.B. DuBois professor
of the Humanities and chair of African and African-Amer-

Prodigal sons who have fathers in entertainment and sports are particularly vulnerable to comparisons.
There are some sons who have a fair chance to ride in their own lane due to their own talents.
Let's take a look at some fathers and sons who, in time, might become equals or more.

Son: Sigmund Esco Jackson, Jr.; re-
cords hip-hop as Dealz

It's hard to surpass the legacy of the
Jackson 5 and the Jacksons, so Jack-
ie Jackson's son Dealz has wisely de-
cided on a hip-hop career. In case his
recording career doesn't work out, the
L.A.-based rapper does have another
gig he enjoys repairing and rebuild-
ing motorcycles. In fact, he's riding one
of his favorite Harleys in Aaliyah's "One
In A Million" video. The 33-year-old has
just released a new single, "That's How I
Feel," with his dad and Uncle Jermaine
on background vocals.


Quincy D. Jones III, 42, is a well-re-
spected rap producer who was one of
the folks responsible for the evolution of
West Coast hip-hop. He worked with Dr.
Dre, Ice Cube and many of L.A.'s most
prolific hip-hop musicians. But just like
his dad, he branched out into R&B and
pop and then moved onto movies and
TV, scoring films like "Menace II Soci-
ety" and doing music for TV shows like
"The Fresh Prince of Bel Air" and "In the
House." Now, Jones is a film producer,
creating the "Beef" series and produc-
ing documentaries on both his father
and Lil Wayne.

Son: Diggy Simmons
After several popular seasons of
"Run's House," the Simmons family
has created even more opportunities for
checks to roll in. Run's daughters An-
gela and Vanessa have their own shoe
line; and his oldest son, Joseph Jr.,
signed to Latchkey Records. But it's
teenager Daniel "Diggy" Simmons who
has just been signed to Atlantic Records
and who seems to be the breakout star
of the family. He's already appeared on
BET with his father and brother in a rap
cipher and may be doing a collabo with
Justin Bieber as he works on his first

SBy Tonya Pendleton

Like father, like son


Son: Mario Van Peebles

The senior Van Peebles became a 70s
icon and father to the independent film
movement through his movie, "Sweet
Sweetback's Badasssss Song." His
young son, Mario, was on the set and
in the film with his legendary father.
From there, Mario went on to act and
direct, appearing in "New Jack City."
Talk about a father and son coming full
circle. He's recently appeared on "Dam-
ages" and directed an episode of the FX
hit, "Sons of Anarchy."

I I R TA.t : I'
Son: Kobe Bryant

Joe Bryant was an NBA player for
eight years, but his son, Kobe, has far
surpassed his father's basketball ca-
reer. The three-time NBA champion with
the Los Angeles Lakers, Kobe Bryant is
now considered one of the NBA's great-
est players of all time. Well, they say the
apple doesn't fall too far from the tree,
and it's obvious that whatever lessons
his father taught him about basketball,
Kobe thoroughly paid attention.

Son: Jaden Smith

The 12-year-old star of the hit "The
Karate Kid" remake can already boast
that he has not one, but two $100 mil-
lion dollar movies under his belt. Both
"The Pursuit of Happyness," his debut,
and "The Karate Kid" were big box-
office hits. So maybe it's not such a
stretch to believe that young Smith is
well on his way. We're guessing it helps
to have the tutelage of the biggest Hol-
lywood box office draw ever right in
your own home.

ican Studies at Harvard University, one can certainly un-
derstand why.
Gates was in town recently at the Miami International
Film Festival to promote and discuss his latest venture -
a four-part series that looks at the influences of African
descendants on Latin American culture.
The series, "Black in Latin America," will air on PBS
beginning Tuesday, April 19th.
Given the cultural diversity that is illustrative of the
South Florida landscape, residents may find Gates' ex-
amination to be extremely informative. As the host of the
2006 and 2008 PBS television miniseries African Ameri-
can Lives, Gates delved into the genealogy of prominent
Blacks. The objective, according to Gates, was to inspire
Please turn to GATES 4C

Eddie Murphy

to receive

comedy award

By Wilson Morales
Comedy legend Eddie Murphy will be honored
as the recipient of the inaugural "Comedy Icon
Award" at 'The Comedy Awards,' the first-ever multi-
Snetwork, multi-platform, annual event dedicated to
honoring and celebrating the world of comedy.
The distinguished award will be presented an-
nually to a modern icon, an individual who has
made an extraordinary contribution to comedy and
whose impact and innova-
tions have changed the
SAlandscape and inspired
future generations of
C Murphy will be hon-
ored for his work in
stand-up, sketch, film
and television, among
other numerous
pioneering achieve-
"Eddie Murphy's
S impact in the world
of comedy is im-
measurable," said
MTV Networks
Group exec Casey
Patterson. "From
the characters he
created on 'SNL,' to
his groundbreaking
stand-up perfor-
mances and unfor-
gettable film roles,
Murphy changed the
game forever and we're
honored that he will
be joining us for the
first-ever Comedy
Presenters and at-
tendees include come-
dy stars, Tina Fey, Jon
Stewart, Jimmy Fallon,
Tracy Morgan, Matt
Stone, Trey Parker, Ty
Burrell, Louis C.K.,
Stephen Colbert, Rob
Corddry, Bill Hader,
Chlo6 Moretz, Craig
Robinson, Andy Sam-,
berg and Kristen Wiig,
with further talent
Grammy Award-winning artist, The Roots, will
entertain the audience throughout the event as 'The
Comedy Awards' house band.
Eddie Murphy's comic talent was evident from an
early age. By 15 he was writing and performing his
own routines at youth centers, local bars, and his
Please turn to MURPHY 2C

The Miami Times

\. a

/ ,, ], ,





By Dr. R3.icr

The blue and white colors
of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority,
Inc. stood out last Saturday
when they presented the 65th
Annual Finer Womanhood
Community Fellowship
Awards Luncheon at the Hilton
Hotel in Downtown Miami.
The Divine Nine consists of:
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity,
Inc., Alpha Kappa Alpha
Sorority, Inc., Kappa Alpha Psi
Fraternity, Inc., Omega Psi Phi
Fraternity, Inc., Delta Sigma
Theta Sorority, Inc., Phi
Beta Sigma Fraternity,
Inc., Zeta Phi Beta
Sorority, Inc., Sigma
Gamma Rho Sorority,
Inc., and Iota Phi Theta
Fraternity, Inc. The
Divine Nine crossed the
color line and honored
Arva Moore Parks G
and Ruth Braddock,
two outstanding ladies that
have been instrumental in
upgrading Black students,
especially Braddock whose
husband, Holmes, was
chairman of the Miami-Dade
County School Board. Parks
is noted for being a writer
and historian, along with Dr.
Enid C. Pinkney, a member

of Sigma Gamma
Rho Sorority,

C -.'

For the first
time this year, -- -.
a sorority will
recognize another, according to
originator, Marietta Bullard,
luncheon chairman.
Other objectives include
Zeta's 2011 Women's History
Month entitled "Extraordinary
Women through the Spirit of
Achievement, Remembering
that Our History
is Our Strength."
Credit goes to Dr.
Ivis Richardson,
Lo Lis Lee and
Josephine Davis-
Rolle for carrying
out the theme, while
those selected for
GREEN this honor excel in
education, politics,
health issues, religion or law.
Honorees were Lori Ford
Bailey, Emma White Curry,
Wanda Hewitt, Regina Grace,
Shirlyon McWhorter-Jones,
Allyson C. Love, Catherine
Gipson, Ruby Rayford, Katie
Williams, Veldora Arthur,
Euphemia Ferguson, Jheanel
Hayes, Frankie S. Rolle,



Eugenia B. Thomas, Dorothy
M. Wallace, Lenora B. Smith
and Darlene T. Sparks. More
details will be in the next
The most exciting person in
the house was Judge Karen
Mills-Francis, the TV judge
who wrote the book "Stay
in Your Lane." She is from

Speaking of Sigma Gamma
Rho Sorority, Inc., member
Alvilda Marie Ferguson
Green was dressed for the
Sigma Gamma Rho
Awards Luncheon,
so she thought, and
ended up at a surprise
birthday party at the
Marriott on LeJune,
orchestrated by her
lovely daughters -
Apryl, Trenae and
Wanda. MOO
The planners read
in unison: Thank you for
joining us as we celebrate
Alvilda Marie Green's 75th
birthday. We are honored that
you thought enough to share
this special moment with us.
On March 19, 1936, Alvilda
Marie was born to Harold and
Annie Ferguson in Miami,
Florida. Since then, she has
had a positive impact upon
the lives of her children, family
and thousands of students
matriculating in the Miami-

Dade Public School System.
Today, we want to express
our sincere appreciation to
this woman who has inspired,
encouraged and enhanced
more than two generations of
South Floridians. Lauren and
Madison Jones paid tribute by
singing the honoree's favorite,
"Total Praise," followed by
Nina Joseph singing "Victory
Is Mine." Others in attendance
included Frederick Jones,
Lavern Kirkland, Luis Rollins,
Barbara Hodge, Evelyn Epps,
Lavern M. Land, Beverly and
Lamar Johnson, Anita
and Jimmy Harrell,
Arnold Knight and
Vernon Wilder.
There is always action
at the Plaza next to
the Lyric Theatre in
Overtown, but last
' Saturday, the action
RE was taken to Booker
T. Washington High
School, where dancers from
Miami Carol City, North Miami
Beach, Turner Tech, American
and several middle schools
filled the stage to do their
South Dade dancers
consisted of seven people
that brought the audience to
demonstrating a routine from
the music "Get Cool," Booker
T. Washington dancers of 10
entertained to the song "Get
Down." Samuel Charles did

Congratulations go out
to some of our community
servants in South Florida
who were honored by the
American Society for Public
Administrators on March
24 at the Miami-Dade Main
Library. The following women
were honored: Sandra
Thompson, Ph.D.; Florida
Memorial University (former
president) Meredith Newman,
Ph.D. at FIU; Lori Mosely,
Mayor of' Miramar;- Hazelle
Rogers, State Representative
for District 94 and Kathy
Grimes-Peal, Miami-Dade
Consumer Department.
On March 20, three Junior
Daughter of the King were
admitted as Junior Daughters
during the 10:45 a.m. service
at Saint Agnes. The three
sisters are Kayla Edwards,
KeAnna Edwards and
Kristina Edwards. The very
elated mother of these fine
little darlings who are also
acolytes is Julie Edwards.
Florence Moncur and
Elizabeth Betty Blue are
sponsors of the youth.
Get well wishes goes out
to all sick and shut-ins:
Jestina Brown, Delores
Bethel-Reynolds, Frances
Brown, Naomi Allen-Adams,

Grace Heastie-
Harold E. Clarke.
Inez McKinney- --. -
Johnson, Tumai Kaunda
Mainor, Julie Clarke and
Winston Scavella.
C'Etter Sneed, daughter
of Doil and Bertha Sneed
came down from Jacksonville
to spend her spring break
with her parents. C'Etter
is operations manager of
a charter school in Duval
County. Welcome home!
Kazah Temple #149
and Court #117 honored
past potentates and past
Commandress with an
appreciation banquet last
Saturday evening at Violines
Banquet Hall. The Master
of Ceremony was past
potentate Walter P. Russell,
past Commandress Lona B.
Mathis giving the occasion
and Potentate Lee Hill and
Dau Lila Gaston introducing
the honorees.
Happy wedding anniversary
greetings go out to Kevan and
Hilda Martin, their 3'3rd on
March 25.
Hearty congratulations
go out to little Miss Tatiana
Barnes who has made the
honor roll for the second time

this school year. Tatiana is
a student at Phyllis Ruth
Miller Elementary Montessori
Magnet School. She was
honored last Sunday by
Greater Miami South Florida
Pop Warner Awards Scholar.
She is the daughter of Dwight
Barnes and granddaughter of
Geneva Barnes.
Mary Bivens was surprised
by her children, grandchildren
and great grandchildren on
Saturday, March 19 at her
home with a birthday party
that will be remembered by
the honoree for many years.
Mother Bivens as she is
known celebrated her 83rd
birthday with many friends
and her church family.
Sympathy goes out the
family of Harold McCartney.
Harold was the twin brother
to Harry. Two siblings are now
left out of eight McCartney's.
They are Harry and
Catherine. Also sympathy
goes out to the families of
Gaddy Rawls, City of Miami
Policeman and husband of
Cleora Albury and Erica
Rolle, daughter of the late
Samuel Rolle and Sheila
Kelly-Rolle (her mother, with
whom Erica lived with).
Joyce Major-Hepburn is
in North Carolina for a few
days to see her doctor and
she is the houseguest of her
daughter Brenda Hepburn-
Eaddy and family.

Boris Kodjoe gets another shot at TV series

By Wilson Morales

Boris Kodjoe has been cast
in the ABC pilot 'Georgetown,'
an ensemble drama about
young staffers on Capitol Hill.
The hour-long project, writ-
ten by Will Fetters, is de-
scribed as a sexy soap cen-
tered around the young people
behind the power brokers of
Washington, D.C. It centers
on Andrew Pierce (played by
Jimmy Wolk), an effortlessly
charming and brilliant Yale
graduate and the youngest
presidential speech' writer
on record who was once ide-
alistic but is now cynical as
he sees how compromise has
eroded the administration's
Kodjoe will play the Demo-
cratic president's fiercely in-
telligent senior adviser, stated

Boris Kodjoe
Kodjoe's last TV series, the
J.J Abrams' NBC spy drama
'Undercovers,' which paired
him with Gugu Mbatha-Raw,
was canceled in 2010 after
low ratings. Only 11 of 13 epi-

sodes aired.
Also cast in 'Georgetown'
are Katie Cassidy, who will
play Nikki, a smart and
quick-witted junior staffer in
the White House Communi-
cations Office with connec-
tions to the first lady; and
Daisy Betts, who will play Sa-
mantha, an idealistic young
staffer with the Democratic
president, and daughter of a
political dynasty who shares
a romantic history with An-
drew. Joe Mazzello, who was
recently featured in 'The So-
cial Network,' plays Peter,
another junior White House
staffer who lives with his best
friends, Andrew, Nikki and
Sam, while Condola Rashad,
daughter of Phylicia Rashad
and Ahmad Rashad, is an
ambitious lesbian journalist
reluctantly working the style
Please turn to KODJOE 4C

Comedian receives first-ever award

continued from IC

high school auditorium. Even-
tually, Murphy made it to a
Manhattan showcase, The
Comic Strip. In 1980, at the
age of 19, Murphy joined the
cast of 'Saturday Night Live,'
where he quickly became a

featured player. By the end of America,' 'The Nutty Profes-
his first season, he had moved sor' and 'Shrek' franchises,

up to star status.
Murphy went on to have a
successful stand-up and film
career that has spanned 30
years and includes box-office
hits such as '48 Hrs.,' 'Deliri-
ous,' 'Beverly Hills Cop,' 'Raw,'
'Trading Places,' 'Coming to

and the critically acclaimed
'Dreamgirls,' for which he
received the Golden Globe
Award for Best Supporting Ac-
tor in a Motion Picture Musi-
cal or Drama and an Academy
Award nomination for Best
Supporting Actor.

Lil Wayne reveals 'Tha Carter IV' release date

By Alvin Blanco

Lil Wayne's highly antici-
pated forthcoming album, Tha
Carter IV, finally has an official
release date: May' 16. Weezy
F. Baby revealed the date on
March 16, during opening
night of his I Am Music II Tour
in Rhode Island.
"Tha Carter IV is done,"
Wayne said. "All they need to
do is tell Tez [manager Cortez
Bryant] to stop sitting on it.
Tez, stop sitting on Tha Carter
IV and put the album out."
Bryant, Weezy's longtime
manager, was in attendance
and provided the specific re-

lease date. "May 16,
believe that," said
Wayne. "It can come
out tomorrow 'cause
I'm so finished ...
Tha Carter IV will
be dropping May 16.
If you're not doing
anything, do me," he
The album will be


his first official release since
he was let out of Rikers Island
prison facility in November af-
ter serving eight months of a
one-year sentence. Originally,
there were reports the album
would come out on the same
day Weezy was granted his

freedom, however those
plans never came to frui-
The album's lead sin-
gle, the Bangladesh-pro-
duced "6 Foot 7 Foot," fea-

Cory Gunz. Recently, on
the set of her upcoming
'NE video for "Super Bass,"
fellow Young Money art-
ist Nicki Minaj revealed to MTV
News that she completed a
verse for the album.
"I think. Carter IV is gonna
just be exceptional, of course,"
she said. "I think Wayne is def-
initely on his grind crazy right

From The Creators Of DESPICABLE ME Comes A Comedy About


UNI[AL Pii WI[E S U rU 5 lU n A n fITi I iN Hft ILLUMI t1lOINATIMN iti[N[ lEN fflli





a solo to Michael Jackson's
"Thriller," Katrina Weaver,
Karen Peterson, Cedric
Thornton and Shereka
Wayson representing PAVAC
from Miami Northwestern.
Winners will be announced
at a later date and time.
Congratulations to all
participants and we wish you
much luck in your coming

It was an honor having Clark
Atlanta University local alumni
visiting Ebenezer United
Methodist Church, according
to Rev. Dr. Joreatha Capers,
pastor. Eugene C. Thomas,
president, represented Clark
Atlanta University Alumni with
words of appreciation for being
in the service, while presenting
a check as a token of their
appreciation. Other members
from Clark Atlanta included
Francenia Scott, Jobynee
Mitchell, Byron Dennis,
Willye Dennis, Josh Jones,
Angela Nelson, Lamekka
Noble, Eric M. Woody, and
Barbara P. Parahmore.

The name Bennie Moore
became a household name
after he became assistant
football coach and track coach
at Miami Northwestern. During
the interim, he was born to
Bertha and Dennis Moore in
Spartanburg, South Carolina

and began his educational
career at G.W. Carver in the
same city. He matriculated at
Florida A&M University and his
world opened up athletically,
while he brought with him a
Second Lieutenant, teaching
school, an ROTC member
and finally a Coach at Miami
Northwestern, where his team
broke many records and his
.track team won several state
Moore became in demand for
activities outside of the school.
He joined Carrie P. Meek
at Miami-Dade Community
College North and using his
experience from the school
system; he became involved in
politics and became campaign
manager for Meek.
Moore was in the mix working
ardently and cooperative
in all of her endeavors.
Yet, he found the time to
assist Holmes Braddock,
chairman of Miami-Dade
County School Board, William
Lehman, U.S. Representative,
Barbara Carey-Shuler to
a commissioner seat, and
Kendrick Meek all the way to
Washington, D.C.
Bennie Moore will be
missed by the community,
his wife Ruth, Karen Patrice
and Kimberly Dawn, and
his grandchildren: Daryl,
Benjamin Scott, and his



Taylor was 'serious about getting things done'


Elizabeth Taylor and Michael Jackson were very

Award of Courage during the
organization's annual New
York Gala in February.
With that award, Taylor's
work came full circle. In
1985, she co-founded amfAR,
the Foundation for AIDS Re-
search, with Mathilde Krim, a
researcher at New York's Me-
morial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center. amfAR is one of the
leading non-profits supporting
AIDS research, HIV prevention
and awareness.

knew Krim's husband, Arthur,
who was an entertainment
lawyer for movie studios and a
friend of Taylor's third husband,
Michael Todd. "I could pick up
the phone and call her and say
who I was, and she agreed to
meet me right away," says Krim,
who had earlier started an in-
formal study group to research
early AIDS patients. "And I went
to her house and we discussed
the cause of AIDS, and she,
of course, was well aware of it

Already, ahead of any-
body else. So we found
common ground very
Because Hudson's
death was still recent at the
time of their meeting, Taylor
"decided, yes, to help us because
she had just come through the
death of her'friend." Her friend-
ship with Hudson meant Taylor
was "involved,and very close to
someone (with AIDS) who was
sharing all the fears and preju-
dices, and she was indignant
about it," Krim recalls.

Taylor wasn't about to take

She spoke in public very open-
ly, very well. She even went to
visit politicians in Washington
with us. She was very effective
for us until very recently when
she became very ill" and could
not speak publicly.
Krim hadn't spoken to Taylor
during the actress's most recent
hospital stay, but she did talk
to her about the award amfAR
gave her in February. "She had
planned to come to New York,
but she couldn't," Krim says.

Is it fair to say that other ce-
lebrities have taken their cues
from Taylor? "Absolutely. Even
if they didn't work on her cause
but followed her lead. They
watched her example as a fund-
raiser as someone who was
serious about getting things
done," Palmer says.
And if Taylor saw
more need, she act-
ed on it In 1991.
Taylor founded
The Elizabeth
Taylor AIDS
which aims
to help people

her involvement with amfAR
lightly, either. Palmer says,
"She took a very serious ap-
proach to thinking about her
giving in this to be a found -
ing member of amfAR and re-
ally working with the doctors to
figure out what was going on.
There are those stars who just
attach their names to a cause.
Palmer says, but Taylor "really
looked to see what was the
cause and how can we make
a difference to change the
course of this disease."
Taylor's influence on amfAR
is not lost on Krim. "She was
very important because of
the attention she could get.

living with AIDS.
Krim says Taylor took per-
sonal interest in not just Hud-
son but others close to her who
were suffering from AIDS, in-
cluding several employees.
"Elizabeth Taylor was always
known for her beauty, suc-
cess, her jewelry mostly the
sparkle, her side that has to do
with the public entertainment
and films. The public did not
have the opportunity I've had
to meet Elizabeth," Krim says,
adding that they met under cir-
cumstances "where it was not
the appearance but the content
that mattered, and I discovered
a woman who had much intel-
ligence, the ability to think for
herself and courage.
"She had a great compassion.
She took care of a number of
people. This is the aspect of her
that should be mentioned."



1932 2011

It's Publix, and the

savings are easy.

Every week we publish our hundreds of sales items

in the newspaper insert and also online, so you can

take advantage of all our special offers. Our easy-to-spot

shelf signs point out the deals and your register receipt

will tally up your savings for you. Go to publix.com/save

right now to make plans to save this week.

to save here.

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Jennifer Hudson's new life

Should be one to 'Remember'

By Edna Gundersen

Jennifer Hudson sings about
a new dawn, a new day, a new
life on Feeling Good, she's not
just weighing in on her recent-
ly slenderized physique. She's
proclaiming her renewal of
hope and purpose, innate traits
threatened in recent years by
family tragedy.
Feeling Good "is a perfect fit,"
Hudson says after arriving at
the Four Seasons lounge fol-
lowing an after-lunch walk in
flats and a short, snug skirt
that emphasizes her hourglass
shape. "I felt it could package
up my weight-loss journey. And
it's so me. In my 29 years, I've
lived four different lives. Noth-
ing today is related to my life

10 years ago other than the
scar on my hand and my voice.
That's all that's left to identify
I Remember Me was released
with emotional, faith-infused
songs reflecting the sunny but
steely disposition that saw her
through metronomic swings of
' She made the finals on 2004's
American Idol and won an Os-
car and Golden Globe for her
acting debut in 2006's Dream-
girls, then left the spotlight in
late 2008 to mourn the loss of
her murdered mother, broth-
er and nephew. Today, she's a
blissfully engaged mom gar-
nering raves for her sophomore
album, starring in upcoming
biopic Winnie and seducing
fashion photographers. It isn't


Jennifer Hudson

has a new album, I

Remember Me, in

stores now. She'll

also portray Win-

nie Mandela in an

upcoming film.

just a new day. It's a fairy tale,
she says.
' "It would be greedy to ask for
more," Hudson says. "I'm grate-
ful for everything that's hap-

opened. I want to be healthy and
happy. I want to be around to
sing and act for decades. I want
Please turn to HUDSON 6C

'Idol' is jamming, thanks to judges

Chemistry is

much better

By Robert Bianco

Many of us thought Ameri-
can Idol would survive without
Simon Cowell. But who knew it
would prosper?
Yet it has, not just in the rat-
ings which show some nat-
ural erosion but not the pre-
cipitous drop many expected
- but also in critical and view-
er reaction. Much of the credit
goes to returning producer Ni-
gel Lythgoe, whose tweaks lend

r i-
Remix: Newcomers Jennifer Lopez and Steven Tyler
jumped into the mix with Randy Jackson, left, and Ryan
Seacrest, right.

the show a renewed energy,
and to the contestants, a more
varied and entertaining group
than last year's crew. But main
credit goes to the judges who
chose those singers.
If newcomers Jennifer Lopez
and Steven Tyler and returnee
Randy Jackson have made Idol
more enjoyable, it's as much for
what they're not doing as what
they are. Gone are the bick-
ering, flirting, inane jabber,
failed attempts at humor and
nastiness for nastiness' sake.
It may have been worth los-
ing Cowell, as worthy a critical
force as he was, to be spared
Please turn to IDOL 6C

Harvard prof explores history of Black Latinos

continued from 1C

millions of Blacks to consider
their own heritage and to know
their family's 'past so that they
might unlock the future.
Now Gates takes viewers to
six Latin American countries -
Cuba, the Dominican Republic,
Haiti, Brazil, Peru and Mexico
- and considers how Africa
and Europe came together to
create the cultures of these six
Latin nations. More important,
the series will uncover the rich
African history of Black Latin
American people who share a
dark past of enslavement, colo-
nialism and oppression.
Not to be confused with CNN's
series "Black in America," the
PBS documentary is part of
Gates' series of presentations
like "African American Lives"
(2006), "Oprah's Roots" (2007)
and "Looking for Lincoln"
Throughout the series, he will
show viewers the similarities
and distinctions between the
African world and the African-
Latino world.' He will venture
into the rich African history
prevalent in each of the six-Lat-
in cultures explored.

The series may also help those
in Miami deal with another fas-
cinating aspect of our commu-
nity many Latin immigrants
from among the six countries
that Gates explores, even some
from Haiti, are surprised to be
labeled as "Black" once they ar-
rive on America's shores.
"That realization [that they

3t I *-*- .---* -" '41.aS -*' --. '-..
Barack Obama, Professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Sergeant James Crowley meet for a

are Black] has come to hun-
dreds of thousands of dark-
complexioned immigrants to
the U.S. from Brazil, Colum-
bia, Panama and other Latin
nations with sizable popula-
tions of African descent," said
Darryl Fears, a writer for the
Washington Post. "Their reluc-
tance to embrace this defini-
tion has left them feeling par-
ticularly isolated shunned
by Blacks who believe they are
denying their blackness; by
white Americans who profile
them in stores or on highways;
and by lighter-skinned Lati-
nos whose images dominate
Spanish-language television
all over the world, even though
a majority of Latin people have
some African or Indian an-

cestry. The pressure to accept
not only a new language and
culture, but also a new ra-
cial identity, is a burden some
darker-skinned Latinos say
they face every day."

When Gates was arrested
at his own home in Cam-
bridge in July 2009 where he
was trying to enter the house
through a door that he says
was jammed, it ignited a dis-
cussion on race relations and
law enforcement policies and
procedures in America that
reached Presdent Barack
Obama and the White House.
Gates, who was charged with

disorderly conduct charges
the police-later dropped -
said his arrest for trying to
enter his own home was a fur-
ther example of racial profil-
Obama invited Gates and
the arresting officer in the
Cambridge incident, Sgt.
James Crowley, to share a
beer with him at the White
House and to air their differ-
ences the event would be
dubbed "Beer Gate."
Besides his work in PBS-
supported documentaries,
Gates is an award-winning
author whose works, includ-
ing Loose Canons and The
Signifying Monkey, paint
him as a strong proponent of
Black literature and culture.

Applications are now be-
ing accepted through March
31 for the United States
Naval Academy Summer
STEM (Science, Technol-
ogy, Engineering and Math-
ematics) Program 2011.
The program is held in three
sessions: June 6-11 (rising
8th & 9th graders), June
13-18 (rising 10th graders)
and June 20-25 (rising 11th
graders) for those who have
an interest in math and sci-
ence. For more info about the
Summer STEM Program and
application, visit www.ustia.
or call 410-293-4261.

Miami Northwestern
Alumni Association and
Miami Jackson Alumni As-
sociation are calling all for-
mer basketball players and
cheerleaders that would like
to participate in the upcom-
ing 2nd Annual Alumni Bas-
ketball Game on April 2. For
more information, call 786-
873-5992 (Bulls) and 305-
651-5599 (Generals).

Booker T. Washington
Class of 1961 will meet Sat-
urday, April 2 at 3 p.m. at
-the African Heritage Cultural
Arts Center to finalize plans
for the 50th Reunion. For
more information, call 305-

N Revelation Community
Education Center will be
having a triple-play event-
praise extravaganza, silent
auction, spring open house
and new-recruitment lun-
cheon on Sunday, April 10
from 4-6 p.m. at the Sellers
Memorial United Method-
ist Church and Revelation
Christian Academy, 8350-90
N.W. 14th Avenue. For more
info, contact Joyce Reid at

Miami Gardens Coun-
cilwoman Lisa Davis is
sponsoring a Mother's Day
contest for City of Miami Gar-
dens residents. In 300 words
or less, write why your nomi-
nee should be selected for
the Mother of the Year award.
The deadline is April 15. Let-
ters can be mailed to: City of
Miami Gardens City Hall, At-
tention Councilwoman Lisa
Davis, 1515 N.W. 167 Street,
Building 5 Suite 200, Miami
Gardens, FL 33169. For more
info, call 305-622-8000.

South Florida Urban
Ministries program ASSETS
will be hosting free Business
Training classes every Thurs-
day starting Feb. 17 for 10
weeks from 6:30-8:30 p.m. at
the United Way Center for Fi-

nancial Stability, 11500 N.W.
12th Avenue. For more info,
call 305-442-8306.

Family and Children
Faith Coalition is currently
seeking mentors to partici-
pate in the Amachi Mentoring
Coalition Project. Free train-
ings will be held April 26th in
Miami-Dade and April 30th
in Broward. Spaces are lim-
ited. For more information,
call Mary Wakefall at 786-
388-3000 or maryw@fcfcfl.

The Florida A&M Uni-
versity National Alumni
Association (NAA) Annual
Convention is scheduled for
May 18-22 in Orlando, Fl.
For more information, con-
tact the Public Relations de-
partment at 850-599-3413 or
email public. relations@famu.

P.U.L.S.E. (People Unit-
ed To Lead The Struggle
for Equality) will be hosting
their 30th annual convention
on Saturday, May 21 at 9
a.m. at the Apostolic Revival
Center, 6702 N.W. 15th Av-
enue. Registration begins at
8 a.m. The theme is: 30 Years
of Fighting for Justice in Mi-
ami-Dade. For more informa-
tion, call 305-576-7590.

The Leading Ladies of
Elegance Inc. will be having
their 2nd Annual Community
Business Block Party on Sat-
urday, June 4 at Amelia Ear-
hart Park, 401 E. 65th Street
in Hialeah. For more informa-
tion, contact Catherine Cook
Brown at 305-652-6404 or

Miami Jackson Class
of 1971 40th Class Reunion
is to be held on June 23-26,
2011 at the El Palacio Hotel.
Call Gail D. Roberts' tbr more
information at 305-343-0839
or Sherry Peters at 305-318-

Family and Children
Faith Coalition is seeking
youth ages four-18 to con-
nect with a caring and dedi-
cated mentor in Miami-Dade
or Broward County. Get help
with homework, attend fun
events and be a role model for
your community. For more
information, contact Brand-
yss Howard at 786-388-3000
or brandyss@fcfcfl.org.

The Liberty City Farm-
ers' Market will be held on
Thursday from 12-6 p.m.
until April 2011 at their new
location, the African Heritage
Cultural Arts Center, 6161
N.W. 22nd Ave.

Actor takes on another TV role

continued from 2C

segment of Website political-
capitol.com when she'd rather
be covering harder news. Kevin
Zegers will play Monty, an in-
credibly wealthy stockbroker
from a well-connected family
and an old rival of Andrew's,
who has just proposed to an ex
girlfriend of Andrew's. Wendy
Crewson is Senator Caroline
Wallace, the GOP minority
This is the third TV series

Kodjoe will be in. For five sea-
sons (2000-2004), the Austri-
an native and former fashion
model played courier-turned-
sports agent Damon Carter on
the Showtime television drama
series 'Soul Food,' opposite his
wife, Nicole Ari Parker.
Parker will also be returning
to television in the A&E hour-
long pilot 'Big Mike,' which
stars Greg Grunberg as a plus-
size detective with the San Di-
ego Police Department. Parker
will play Lieutenant Grace Pe-
terson, Mike's boss.


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L Haitians await

The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, on a recent visit to Haiti.

-U.N. Photo/Sophia Paris

United Nations

applauds Haitian election

By Dawn Stevens

Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secre-
tary-General, congratulated the Haitian
people and authorities for the success-
ful presidential runoff. Ki-moon noted
that the new administration will have
to step up in the reconstruction of the
country after the terrible tragedies that

affected Haiti in 2010. In his message chel Martelly, representing the Demo-
to Haitians, Ki-moon reiterated the U.N. cratic and Peasant's Response Parties,
will to continue assisting their country respectively, were running for the presi-
to building a prosperous future. The U.N. dency in the runoff. Preliminary results
has a contingent, comprised by 13,000 of the second round will be announced
soldiers and police officers. The security on March 31. The polls showed Martelly
council increased to 3,500 the number as favorite with 57.37 percent of the vot-
of soldiers a week after the quake shook ers' intention, while Manigat held 40.57
Haiti. Mirlande Manigat and singer Mi- percent.

Duvalier taken to Haiti hospital after falling ill

Duvalier taken to Haiti hospital after falling ill

By Joseph Guyla Delva

former dictator Jean-Claude
"Baby Doc" Duvalier, who fac-
es charges of corruption and
rights abuses after returning
from exile in January, is being
treated in a hospital after fall-
ing ill, aides said recently.

Duvalier, 59, who ruled
Haiti for 15 years after
taking over in 1971 on
the death of his widely
feared father, Francois
"Papa Doc" Duvalier, was
taken to a private hospi-
tal in the Haitian capital
"He has several prob-

lems. He had a ter-
':' rible stomach ache;
he felt a pain in his
thorax. He has been
like that for several
days," his lawyer Re-
naud Georges said.
"He remains in
the hospital because
DUVALIER that will allow him

to have some rest and recover.
But he will be fine," said an-
other aide, former Haitian army
Colonel Christophe Dardompre.
Duvalier has said he returned
to Haiti January 16 after 25
years exile in France to help his
compatriots rebuild from the
January 2010 earthquake that
Please turn to DUVALIER 10D

election results
. By Kevin Levi

NEW YORK The United Nations peacekeeping mission
* in Haiti has called on all candidates in the March 20 run-
off presidential and legislative elections and their followers
* to show patience and restraint as they wait for the results
S of the vote, saying the future of the impoverished country
* is at stake.
"The second round of the presidential and legislative
* elections has concluded in considerably better conditions
than the first round despite some logistical and adminis-
* trative problems and isolated acts of violence in certain de-
Spartments," the UN Stabilization
* Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
said in a news release.
"MINUSTAH congratulates
the Haitian people for the
* patriotic spirit, calm and disci-
pline which they have shown,"
. it added, praising the efforts
* of the authorities to make the
. run-off credible and allow the
popular will to be expressed.
. "The evident enthusiasm of the MIRLANDE MANIGAT
* electorate is clear evidence of the
. importance Haitians attach to
S democracy."
Former first lady Mirlande Manigat and popular musi-
* cian Michel Martelly faced off in the presidential poll,
which was delayed by two months when violence erupted
* after disputed first round results in December, when
* thousands of protesters rampaged through the streets of
* Port-au-Prince, the capital, accusing the ruling coalition of
S rigging them in its favor.
Those results initially put Manigat and outgoing Presi-
dent Rene Preval's party candidate Jude Celestin in first
S and second place, qualifying
S for the run-off, with Martelly .
S less than one percentage point
S behind in third place, but thus
S excluded.
His supporters set up burning
* barricades of timber, boulders
and flaming tires. After a re-
* examination of the ballots, the
S Provisional Electoral Council last
* month announced that Martelly
had come in second and would MICHEL MARTELLY
* thus face Manigat.
Results of the second round
S are not expected for several days. "While awaiting the end
S of the counting and the tabulation of ballots, MINUSTAH
S urges all candidates and their followers to show patience
* and restraint, thus giving an example of democracy, since
. it is the future of the country that is at stake," the mission
S said.
S MINUSTAH, with almost 12,250 uniformed personnel
S currently on the ground, has been in the poorest coun-
. try in the Western Hemisphere since mid-2004 after then
S president Jean-Bertrand Aristide went into exile amid
S violent unrest.



'GMA' interview enrages Chris Brown

By Nekesa Mumbi Moody
Associated Press

NEW YORK Chris Brown
trashed his dressing room at
"Good Morning America" and
broke a window with a chair
last Tuesday after co-host Rob-
in Roberts asked him about his
attack on Rihanna, according
to a person familiar with the
The person was not autho-
rized to discuss the matter and
spoke to The Associated Press
on condition of anonymity. Se-
curity was called, but not po-
Brown was on the ABC morn-
ing show to promote his new
album, "F.A.M.E.," released the
same day. During his inter-
view with Roberts, she asked
him about the 2009 attack on
his then-girlfriend preceding
her questions by noting he had
been "very good" about talking
about the attack.
"It was very serious what you
went through and what hap-
pened," she said. "How have
you been able to ..."
A clearly agitated Brown tried
to deflect the line of question-
ing, saying he was past that
and wanted to focus on his new
"This album is what I want
them to talk about and not
what happened two years ago,"
he said.
Roberts laughed and thanked
Brown for letting her discuss

Singer Chris Brown appears on the morning program
"Good Morning America," Tuesday, March 22, 2011 in New
York. Brown was on "GMA" to promotehis new album,
"F.A.M.E.," released the same day.

that matter with him, and af-
ter the interview, Brown per-
But instead of performing
another song for the online au-
dience, as he was scheduled
to do, he went to his dressing
room and started smashing
things, according to the person.
In a statement, ABC News
said: "As always, we ask ques-
tions that are relevant and
newsworthy, and that's what
we did in this interview with
Representatives for Brown did
not immediately return phone
calls for comment. Brown is on

probation for his assault on Ri-
Brown has been trying to re-
habilitate his image since the
attack, which occurred on the
eve of the Grammys two years
ago. After that, his once bril-
liant career was tarnished. His
album "Graffiti," released sev-
eral months after that, was a
poor seller.
However, he's recently had
success on the charts with the
songs "Deuces," a No. 1 R&B hit
last year, and "Look At Me Now"
is now No. 12 on the Billboard
Hot 100 chart.
He's been more accepted into

the mainstream as well. Before
his "GMA" appearance, he had
appeared on NBC's "Saturday
Night Live." A rep for ABC's
"Dancing with the Stars" said
Brown is still slated to appear
on the show next week.
A judge last November com-
mended Brown, a Virginia na-
tive, for working hard to com-
plete his community service
and for almost finishing his
domestic violence counseling.
He has since finished the coun-
Last month, a judge, while
praising Brown's progress,
eased a restraining order that
had prevented Brown from
coming within 50 feet of Ri-
hanna after Rihanna said she
didn't object. The new order
prevents him from being within
10 feet of Rihanna at an indus-
try event.
Brown's attorney, Mark Gera-
gos, did not immediately return
an email seeking comment.
Brown who was photo-
graphed outside "GMA" with
his shirt off moments after the
incident tweeted his frustra-
tion shortly after the show: "All
my fans!!! This album is for you
and only you!!! I'm so tired of
everyone else!! Honestly!! I love
team breezy!!"
Roberts tweeted later: "Sure
has been an interesting AM (at)
GMA. Still sorting thru every-
thing myself. Just my 2nd day
on twitter, wonder what tomor-
row will bring?"

Hudson endures tragedy, releases second album

continued from 4C

She's poised for it, says Bill-
board senior editor Gail Mitch-
ell, who sees Hudson as a likely
successor to Aretha Franklin
and Whitney Houston.
"If this album is any indica-
tion, she's here for the long
haul," Mitchell says. "Jennifer
l k'the potential to be the voice
people are looking for. And
this album gives us a chance
to know who she really is. She
came back on solid footing. Ev-
eryone loves a story where the
underdog wins."
Even as a loser, Hudson felt
like a winner. Someone less
plucky might have been dis-
couraged by a seventh-place
finish on Idol, but she exited
without a tear, vowing a return
to the national stage.
"I just knew I was going to
have to sing my way through,"
says Hudson. "My mother used
to tell me, 'You always seem to
find the positive in everything.'
No matter what you're going
through, you can find a lesson
that helps you grow and makes
you a better person."

Her ticket back was the
Dreamgirls role of Effie White
and the musical's showstop-
ping And I Am Telling You I'm
Not Going. Momentum grew
with 2008's warmly received
self-titled 2008 debut; it opened
at No. 2 in Billboard and won a
Grammy for best R&B album.
Though she was proud of the
effort, it wasn't her best, Hud-
son says, calling it "a stab in
the dark. Nobody really knew
where I belonged. This time, I

Clive Davis, chief creative of-
ficer at Sony Music Entertain-
ment, says co-producing I Re-
member Me entailed walking
a fine line between unfurling
Hudson's traditional strapping
R&B style and catering to a
marketplace driven by rhyth-
mic dance hits.
"This is not an era of show-
casing great voices," Davis
-says. "In approaching Jenni-
fer's career, you don't want to
fit in. Obviously, you want ra-
dio exposure, but you have to
be true to her natural and or-
ganic talent. It's tricky, there's
no question."
Customized songs from ad-
miring contributors proved
crucial, Davis says, noting that
collaborators weren't drafted.
Nearly 75 songwriters volun-
The title track, based on a
poem by Hudson, is her only
writing credit, yet the songs
are tailored to express her path
and personality. R&B singer
Alicia Keys, who wrote Angel
and co-wrote Don't Look Down
and Everybody Needs Love,
aimed to capture the humility
and strength at Hudson's core.
"She told me, 'You're an in-
spiration to people,' Hudson
says. "I don't fully get how I'm
R. Kelly wrote and produced
feisty single Where You At af-
ter plastering his house with
photos of Hudson. "He's just a
genius," Hudson says. "He hit it
on the head in so many ways.
How did he channel me?"
Hitting even closer to home
are Believe, the gospel song
Hudson sang on last May's
Brooks & Dunn farewell trib-
ute on CBS, and Diane War-
ren's Still Here, left over from
sessions for her debut.
"Believe reminded me of

songs we heard and sang
in church growing up," says
the South Side Chicago na-
tive. "It's a reflection of where
I come from. The greatest gift
my grandmother and mother
gave me was bringing us up in
"Still Here was originally
dedicated to my grandmother.
Now it relates to my whole fam-
ily. It's aiway toeremember them
and keep them in my life."
While. Hudson slowly warms
to the topic of lost loved ones, she
declines to discuss the October
2008 shooting deaths of her
57-year-old mother, 29-year-
old brother and seven-year-old
nephew. Her sister's estranged
husband was charged with the
murders. Hudson retreated for
three months, emerging to sing
The Star-Spangled Bannerat
the 2009 Super Bowl (a perfor-
mance she found less stressful
than any of the seven times she
sang before President'Obama).
"My mother always said I did
well under pressure," Hudson
says with a laugh. "(She was)
so wise and strong. I can count
on one hand how many times
I saw her crying. She always
said, 'You think you've seen it
all? Just keep living.' Think-
ing about everything I've been
through, wow, my mama saw it
coming. I hear her in my head
every day."
Hudson didn't hesitate to
accept the Super Bowl invita-
tion, but when a director ap-
proached her about a film role
soon after the tragedy, she
"I said, 'I don't know how to
be anybody else right now be-
cause I have to figure out who
I am.' But music is home. It's
therapy. So of course I'm go-
ing to go back to that. I could
hear my brother saying, 'Jenny,

TV show thriving well without Simon Cowell

continued from 4C

the school-boy banter between
him and Ryan Seacrest.
"Better," of course, does not
mean perfect. The set can be
too busy, the sound too mushy,
and there have been far too
many times when the panel
should have ignored the sing-
ers and slammed the overly in-
trusive new music producers.
And while I don't miss Cow-
ell's fondness for cruel jabs, I
do miss his honesty and his
perspicacity: There are mo-
ments you can almost hear
him screaming "self-indulgent"
or "ghastly."
Clearly, there's room for im-
provement. Now that they're

in the live-show stretch, a few
pointers for the panel:
Jennifer Lopez. One of the
surprises and joys of the sea-
son has been watching her
blossom as a TV star, a far
warmer and more appealing
presence than many would
have guessed. And last week,
she found a way to retain that
warmth while offering more
pointed, relevant remarks, the
only way for a judge to aid the
better singers and weed out
weaker ones. Let's hope she
stays on that path.
Steven Tyler. Like Lopez, he's
been a surprisingly joyful ad-
dition, pairing a bit of Paula
Abdul's loopiness with more
musical credibility. But un-
like Lopez, he still seems to

be searching for his judicial
role. So here's a suggestion:
Start paying attention to when
singers are ignoring the mean-
ing of the lyrics or indulging
themselves at the expense of
the song, and call them on
it. Oh, and enough with the
cursing. Children in the the-
ater shouldn't have to hear it,
and parents at home shouldn't
have to explain the "bleeps."
Randy Jackson. Congratula-
tions to Jackson for stepping
it up, being more critical more
often and expanding beyond
pitchyy." Now, please drop the
name dropping. It makes it
look like you're trying to con-
vince us you deserve the job;
that just makes people wonder
if you do.

knock it off. You got to keep go-
ing.' ... I try to do the things I
know my mother and brother
would be proud of."
Hudson credits faith and
family for grounding her. She
and fiance David Otunga,
a WWE wrestler and Har-
vard Law grad, are parents to
19-month-old David Daniel,
and she'd like to adopt anoth-
er child. She also dotes on her
Pomeranians Oscar, Grammy
and Dream (after Dreamgirls).

North Carolina rapper Petey Pablo pled guilty to possession of a stolen firearm on
March 16.
The artist, born Moses Barrett III, appeared in federal court to enter his guilty plea,
according to the Associated Press. Federal prosecutors agreed to drop two additional
charges in a plea agreement.
Pablo was arrested in 2010 at Raleigh-Durham International Airport when security
found a loaded gun in a bag that had passed through an X-ray machine. Pablo, who's
best known for his song "Freek-a-Leek," asserted that he wasn't aware of the firearm
but was charged with possession of a stolen firearm, carrying a concealed weapon and
attempting to take a gun onto an aircraft.
The rapper faces sentencing in June and could face up to 10 years in prison.

The producer of Lil Wayne's song, "Lollipop," is suing Young Money Entertainment
and Cash Money Records, claiming he's owed more than $20 million for his work, TMZ
Darius Harrison claims he not only produced "Lollipop," but that he also produced
several songs including "Whip It" and "Action," as well as "Mrs. Officer" and "Let the
Beat Build." The songs on "Tha Carter III" album sold more than six million copies and
grossed more than $70 million.

Rapper and actor Ja Rule admitted recently that he failed to pay taxes on more than
$3 million in income, and he faces up to three years in prison.
The platinum-selling rapper, whose given name is Jeffrey Atkins, earned the money
between 2004 and 2006 whilehe lived in Saddle River, an upscale community in northern
New Jersey.
Atkins is scheduled to be sentenced June 13 on the three tax evasion charges. He
faces up to one year in prison and $100,000 in fines on each count.
Five days before that, he is scheduled to report to prison in New York to serve a two-
year sentence after pleading guilty in December to attempted criminal possession of a

In 2004, Young Buck did a iupert, job of bringing his Southern brand of hip-hop to 50
Cent's G-Unit records with his platinum-selling debut, Straight Outta Cashville.
But since the Nasrhville rapper had a disagreement with 50 Cent in 2008, his music
career has declined and he continues to face financial troubles.
50 Cent issued another low blow to Young Buck by filing a $10 million claim that states
he breached his contract by releasing an album with Cashville Records. He also has filed
a separate .171,000 claim against ,':urig Buj,':v whhic states that he loaned the rapper
$300,000 rn r2005.
Young Buck's lawyer, Robin Joyce. says that G-Unit has purposely'kept him in debt
by shelving his projects and r:'ot allowing him to earn a living. Young Buck's last.G-Unit
albuii was released in 2007 and .old 140,000 copes in mthe first week of its release.

By Anthony Johnson "

S is for the struggles you go through everyday.
T is for temptations you must pass along the way.
R is for the remembrance of those who've done you wrong.
0 is for the others whose guidance makes you strong.
N is for the new day that always starts with you.
r'G isfovr the grace of God that shadows all you do.
E is for elegance. Girl, raise your head up high!
R is for rejoicing you're a star up in the skyl!


e ebr, The Miami Times

p 5 5E ei

Balancing act for insurance rates
By Sandra Block aging editor for Insure.com. .... miums by 40 percent or more. premium for this roadster is
Here are five ways you can- ." Increasing the deductible on $3,543, vs. $1,091 for a Chrys-
When money is tight, it's reduce the costs of insurance: .- your homeowners policy to ler Town & Country LX mini-

tempting to skimp on insur-
ance coverage and hope that
nobody sideswipes your car or
breaks into your home.
If disaster strikes, though,
going without insurance could
make it even harder to recover.
And in many cases, insurance
isn't optional: most states re-
quire drivers to carry a mini-
mum level of auto insurances
and mortgage lenders usually
require borrowers to have ho-
meowners insurance.
The good news: you can
buy a lot of protection with-
out spending a lot of money.
Life insurance rates have been
dropping for years, mainly be-
cause people are living longer.
Consumers who are willing to
shop around can find a wide
assortment of discounts and
deals on home and auto insur-
ance. Consumers who take the
time to shop around could save
hundreds of dollars a year,
says Amy Danise, senior man-

Many insurers will give you
a discount if you purchase two
or more types of coverage from
them, Danise says. These dis-
counts are typically offered to
customers who buy homeown-
ers, auto and umbrella policies
from the same insurer, but a
few companies offer discounts
on life insurance, too, Danise
Don't automatically assume,
though, that it's cheaper to
put all of your policies under
one roof, says Joel Ohman, a
financial planner and founder
of InsuranceProviders.com.
Discounts for multi-policy cov-
erage range from five percent
to 20 percent. If the discount
is on the low end, you may get
a better deal by buying poli-
cies from different companies,
Ohman says.
Comparison shopping is par-

/ N



ticularly important if you have
dings on your driving record,
Danise says. Some insurers
charge much lower rates for
people with blemished driving
records, she says.

You can significantly reduce
premiums for auto and home-
owners insurance by carrying


if ~A. I


a higher deductible. Increasing
your auto insurance deduct-
ible to $500 from $200 could
reduce your collision and com-
prehensive coverage by 15 per-
cent to 30 percent, according
to the Insurance Information
Institute, an industry-funded
educational organization. In-
creasing your deductible to
$1,000 could slash your pre-

$1,000 from $500 could lower
your premiums by up to 25
percent. For this strategy to
work, you need to make sure
you have enough in savings
to cover the deductible, Dan-
ise says. Otherwise, you could
find yourself unable to pay
your share of the cost to repair
your car or home.
You or your insurance agent
should run the numbers to
make sure raising a deduct-
ible is worthwhile, says Rich-
ard McGrath, president of
McGrath Insurance Group in
Sturbridge, Mass. You should
save enough in premiums to
cover the higher deductible in
three or four years, he says.

The Mercedes SL 65 AMG is
a snazzy-looking ride, but be
prepared to pay a lot of money
to impress your friends. The
average annual insurance

van, according to Insure.com's
annual list of vehicles with
the highest and lowest insur-
ance rates. Typically, minivans
and small and midsize sport-
utility vehicles have the lowest
insurance rates, while sports
cars and convertibles cost the
most to insure, Danise says.
Since insurance can add sig-
nificantly to the cost of own-
ing a vehicle, check with your
insurer before you go to the
dealer's showroom. Consumer
Reports recommends asking
your car dealer to show you
the "Relative Collision Insur-
ance Cost Information Book-
let," produced annually by the
National Highway Traffic Safe-
ty Administration.
Likewise, consumers should
take the cost of insurance into
account when they're shopping
for a home. You may pay lower
homeowners insurance premi-
ums for a new home than for
Please turn to RATES 1OD

Newclaims for


benefits dip

Durable orders fall

The Associated Press

WASHINGTON Fewer people applied for
unemployment benefits last week, but com-
panies trimmed their orders for long-lasting
manufactured goods in February with a key
category that signals business investment
falling for a second month..
The number of people filing new claims for
unemployment benefits dropped 5,000 to
a seasonally adjusted 382,000 in the week
ended March 19, the Labor Department said
The fourth decline in five weeks lowered
the four-week average to 385,250, the fewest
for that measure since July 2008. The four-
week average has fallen almost 11 percent in
the past seven weeks.
Applications about 375,000 or below in-
dicate a sustained increase' in hiring. Ap-
plications peaked during the recession at
651,000. Weekly applications for unemploy-
ment benefits are considered a gauge of the
pace of layoffs.
S"The economy is getting better, demand is
growing," said Dan Greenhaus, chief eco-
nomic strategist at Miller Tabak. "There is
only so much companies can do with their
existing payrolls. At some point they have to
The number of people receiving unemploy-
ment benefits fell for the fifth straight week
to 3.7 million. But that doesn't include 4.3
million people who are receiving extended
benefits under emergency federal programs
enacted during the recession.
As applications have fallen, hiring has
started to pick up. The economy added a net
total of 192,000 jobs in February, the most in
nearly a year. Many economists are expect-
ing similar gains in March.
The unemployment rate fell to 8.9 percent
last month, the lowest since April 2009. Still,
more hiring is needed to rapidly reduce the
unemployment rate. More .than 18 months
after the recession ended, the economy has
about 7.4 million fewer jobs than it did before
the recession began in December 2007.
In another report, the Commerce Depart-
ment said that businesses reduced orders
for durable goods 0.9 percent last month, the
fourth decline in the past five months.
Orders in a category that signals business
investment plans dropped 1.3 percent. That
followed a six percent decline in January, the
biggest drop in two years. Economists said
harsh weather may have kept some busi-
nesses from placing orders.
"This is disappointing," said Ian Shepherd-
son, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency
Economics. "We had expected a hefty re-
bound after the blizzards depressed core or-
ders in January."
Even with the February decline, durable
goods orders are 24.6 percent above the re-
cession low hit in March 2009.
Analysts noted that the government did re-
vise the January report to show a gain of 3.6
percent better than the initial estimate of
a 2.7 percent.

It's tax refund decision time

Ideas for putting

your windfall

to work

- By Adam-Shell '-

NEW YORK The IRS says the
average tax refund for the 2011 fil-
ing season is a not-too-shabby lump
sum of $2,985. So what should you
do with this new-found pile of cash?
Treat it as mad money and blow,
it in an impulse-driven shopping
spree or a once-in-a-lifetime trek on
"an African safari? Or does it make
more sense to use the refund to fix
your money problems or invest for
the future?
Not too surprisingly, given Ameri-
cans' preference to "shop till they
drop," 37 percent said they would
spend all or part of their tax refund,
a Capital One Bank survey found.

Spend it, Save it
or Invest it?

The percentage of Americans
who say they will do the foll-
lowing with'theii '20TO' tax re-

Spend all or part of refund
Save at least part of refund
Pay down debt
Save for retirement
Fund child's college education

Free cash to burn
How Americans say they will
spend 2010 tax refund:

i v r Everyday expen'si.sj r
New clothing and accessories
iPad TV or other electronics

Source: Capital One Bank survey March 3-9

A smaller number said they would
save at least part of their refund
(31 percent) or use it to pay down
debt (19 percent). A much smaller
percentage said they would stash
the cash in a retirement account or
fund a college account for their kid.

Employee perks return; pay

By Jane L. Levere

Pay hikes are still scarce in this
economy, according to a new survey
by Accountemps, a company that
provides temporary accounting, fi-
nance and bookkeeping services.
But that doesn't mean that you
can't improve your compensation in
some other way.
To retain top employees and at-
tract new ones, U.S. companies are
increasingly turning to perks such
as subsidized training and flexible
work conditions rather than raises,

Accountemps has found. A divi-
sion of Robert Half International,
Accountemps surveyed more than
1,400 chief financial officers from a
random sample of U.S. companies
with 20 employees or more.
Asked which perks their compa-
nies would offer to attract and re-
tain employees in 2011, 29 percent
of respondents answered subsidized
training and education, 24 percent
named flexible work hours or tele-
commuting and another 24 percent
cited mentoring programs. Match-
ing-gift programs were mentioned

by 13 percent of respondents, while
11 percent listed free or subsidized
meals, and another 11 percent cited
on-site perks like child care, dry
cleaning and fitness centers.

The findings echo the conclusions
of a December report by Robert
Half International, which surveyed
human-resource managers. Half of
the managers surveyed said they
would be willing to negotiate great-
er perks for a promising candidate.
They saw the perks as cost-effec-

But spending all the money rath-
er than investing or paying down
debt is a personal finance no-no,
says Tony Ogorek of Buffalo-based
financial advisory firm Ogorek
Wealth Management.
Receiving a tax refund is a golden
opportunity for Americans, many of
v whom are struggling with high debt
and low savings, to "shore up" their
finances, he says.
"Everyone has financial weak-
nesses," Ogorek says. "People need
to ask themselves, 'What are my
weaknesses, and how can I use this
money to strengthen my financial
position?' "

JUST $3,000
It is prudent to pay down credit
card debt, plow more money into.
retirement and college-saving ac-
counts, or enhance the value of
your home.
And with super-smart planning,
Please turn to REFUND 9D


tive, with the ability to spur innova-
tion and improve employee morale,
productivity and loyalty, according
to the report.
Why are perks making a come-
back? Bill Driscoll, Northeastern
district president for Robert Half In-
ternational, says it's partly because
"companies have been very frugal as
it relates to raises. Employees have
been taking pay cuts. Although
these benefits are not financial, it
makes employees feel better about
their job, makes them want to stay
Please turn to PERKS 9D

Black-owned bookstores see growth opportunities

By Kelly Parker
Special to the NNPA

Last month, on February 16,
Borders Group Inc., the second
largest bookstore chain behind
Barnes & Noble, filed for Chap-
ter 11 bankruptcy protection and
will close 30 percent of its stores
nationwide, including its two New
Orleans-area locations. While one
bookstore giant has succumbed to
the wrath of the recession, small-
er Local independent bookstores,
while not easily, have managed so
far to weather the storm. In New
Orleans, this includes two Black-
owned stores: Community Book
Center in the Seventh Ward and
the Afro-American Book Stop, lo-

cated in New Orleans
The Borders an-
nouncement has brought
forth mixed feelings from
the local independent
book selling community.
"The closing of our lo-
cal Border's store re-
ally is bittersweet to
me," said Afro-American
Book Stop owner, Michele
Lewis. "I feel for the em-

ployees who will lose their jobs in
this tough economy."
Roughly 6,000 of the company's
19,500 employees will lose their
The news is sad not only for em-
ployees, book lovers and those who

were happy to see the re-
surgence of retail (in the
uptown area) but it also
delivers a blow to Black
authors, according to
"Most Borders across
the country have pretty
S. large Black sections, so
I'm concerned about the
" .. future growth of Black
WARREN titles, authors, books,
etc." she said. "Roughly

30 percent of the total amount of
book sales for Black authors come
from Borders, so a number of our
authors will no longer get publish-
ing contracts. There are only about
one-fourth of Black bookstores
across the country that were in

business 10 to 15 years ago that
are still open today."
Vera Warren, owner of Commu-
nity Book Center, found the news
troubling, but not at all surprising.
"When I first heard it, I thought
it was indicative of what's been
happening across the board," she
said. "Not only are independent
booksellers feeling the crunch, but
national chain stores are also af-
fected. Right now, our overhead
(for the most part) is outweighing
our income; and you can't-contin-
ue to operate like that."
"The onset of stores like Border's
& Barnes & Noble caused most (in-
dependent) stores to go out of busi-
ness, because it's very difficult for
Please turn to BOOKSTORE 10D







Detroit population crashes

Censusfinds 25 percentplunge as Blacks fee to suburbs; shocked mayor seeks recount

By Kate Linebaugh

DETROIT-The population of De-
troit has fallen back 100 years.
The flight of middle-class Blacks
to the suburbs fueled an exo-
dus that cut Detroit's population
25 percent in the past decade to
713,777, according to Census Bu-
reau data released recently. That's
the city's lowest population level
since the 1910 census, when auto-
mobile mass production was mak-
ing Detroit Detroit.
The decline, the fastest in city
history, shocked local officials, who
had expected a number closer to
800,000. Mayor Dave Bing said the
city would seek a recount.
"If we could go out and identify
another 40,000 people that were
missed, and it brings us over the
threshold of 750,000, that would
make a difference from what we
can get from the federal and state
government," Bing said at a news
conference recently.
In all, the city lost more than
237,000 residents, including
185,000 Blacks and about 41,000
whites. The Hispanic population
ticked up by 1,500. Meanwhile,
the Black population in neighbor-

Detroit's Mexicantown section. Unlike the city as a whole, Motown's Hispanic population is growing.

largest city in America, behind New
York, Chicago, Philadelphia and
Los Angeles, and it was in the top
10 as recently as the 1990 Census.
Now, Detroit is likely to fall to 19th,
behind Indianapolis and Colum-
bus, Ohio.
The numbers add new urgency
to Bing's campaign to align the
sprawling city's finances and ge-
ography with its shrinking popula-
tion-a process the mayor acknowl-
edges is taking more time than he
envisioned. For more than a year,
the mayor has been working on a
restructuring plan that would end
some municipal services in sparse-
ly populated areas. At the same
time, the city is working to attract
young, educated residents to help
stabilize neighborhoods.
"We are going to continue to lose
population unless we continue to
make cultural changes," Mayor
Bing said. "We have got to make
sure that our neighborhoods are
safe, that they are growing, that we
have good housing stock and make
sure that people have the right
services. All those things are very
important at maintaining popula-
Earlier this year, the mayor an-
nounced a program to entice De-
troit police officers-more than
half of whom live outside the city-
to buy homes in the Detroit. The
initial response has been strong,
Police Chief Ralph Godbee said
in an interview last week. Wayne

State and two downtown hospital
systems have offered a similar pro-
gram in the city's Midtown neigh-
borhood, the hub of a growing cre-
ative community.
Even with these programs, local
demographer Kurt Metzger expects
the city's population to fall further.
High taxes and failing schools in
the city, and inexpensive housing
in the suburbs, combine to make
Detroit a tough sell.
"People are still looking to move
out for safety and services," said
Metzger, director of Data Driven
Detroit, which compiles Census
data for the city. The population-
decline numbers, which exceeded
his own estimates by 75,000, will
only reinforce negative perceptions
of the city, he said.
The Census -report comes amid
signs that the regional and state
economies are beginning to stabi-
lize. Michigan added 10,000 manu-
facturing jobs last year, and unem-
ployment has dropped sharply.
In September, a dump truck got
pushed out of the fourth floor of an
abandoned Packard plant in De-
troit. Videographer Stephen McGee
captured the event on tape. 0
Some pockets of Detroit are see-
ing growth, led by immigrants,
young professionals and artisans,
which Mayor Bing sees as an im-
portant trend. "We are getting a lot
of that 21-to-30 population moving
back to the city," he said. "I think
Please turn to DETROIT 9D

ing Macomb County more than
tripled to 72,723, constituting 8.6
percent of the county's population
in 2010, compared with 2.7 percent
a decade earlier. Oakland County's
Black population rose 36 percent to
Detroit's population has fallen
steadily since the heyday of the
auto industry in the 1950s, when it
peaked around two million, but the
declines have accelerated in recent
years as manufacturing jobs have
disappeared and the mortgage cri-
sis has devastated even stable, mid-

dle-class neighborhoods. The num-
ber of vacant housing units doubled
in the past decade to nearly 80,000,
more than one-fifth of the city's
housing stock, the Census Bureau
"For those of us who have been
out in the neighborhoods, we knew
that the foreclosures and the aban-
donment were really extreme and
.accelerating," said Lyke Thompson,
director of Wayne State Universi-
ty's Center for Urban Studies. "The
question is, can you put a bottom
under it?"
In 1950, Detroit was the fifth-

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Renters overestimate

landlord responsibility

By Erin Kutz

A majority of rent-
ers might be overesti-
mating just how much
their landlord is re-
sponsible for when
it comes to insurance.
Only 43 percent of
renters in 2006 had
insurance, compared
i !i. _

"People say, 'I don't
think I have a lot of
stuff. I don't want to
pay money to insure
it.' They don't think it's
very valuable," says
Amy Danise, senior
managing editor of In-
But even the spars-
est of apartments could

Suzette Eaddy in her apartment in Coro-
na, in the New York city borough of Queens.

with 96 percent of ho-
meowners, according
to a 2006 poll by the
Insurance Research
Most apartment
dwellers aren't being
intentionally irrespon-
sible on this front but
simply don't know
that they need it, says
Jeanne Salvatore, se-
nior vice president of
public affairs at the or-
"Tip No. 1 for a renter
is simply to get the in-
surance," says Salva-
A few popular mis-
conceptions are the
culprits behind rent-
ers forgoing coverage
for the belongings in
their home, industry
experts say.

have at least $1,000
worth of stuff after
things such as a bed,
computer and clothing
items. "It would really
be a financial disaster
to renters to lose all of
.-your. things ,in, some-
thing like a fire and
not have insurance for
it. That kind of finan-
cial blow can affect
you for the rest of your
life," she says.
Many renters also
wrongfully assume
they fall under the
protection of their
landlord's insurance,
Salvatore says. Land-
lord policies would
take care of the actual
building and common
areas in the case of a
disaster, but not the
Please turn to RENT 10D

Sales of new homes hit low

Market is in a

'very precarious


By Julie Schmit

The national spring home
buying season is off to a
bleak start, fueling worries
that the U.S. housing mar-
ket may not hit bottom this
year or will do so later than
Sales of new homes in
February plunged to their
slowest pace on record, the
Commerce Department said
recently, and median prices
dropped to the lowest level
since December 2003.
Sales of existing single-
family homes were also dis-
mal in February, with vol-
ume down three percent
from a year ago and median
prices down 5.2 percent, the
National Association of Real-
tors said.
The statistics portray a
housing market that's in a
"very precarious situation,"
said Chris Christopher,
economist at IHS Global In-


.... i .1-. ;

-. ._ "- "1 |" ..

Construction continues Feb. 17, 2011, on a row of
condominiums in Cranberry, Pa.

sight. His firm still expects
the market to bottom this
year, but, "Things are being
delayed a little bit more than
we thought," Christopher
The housing market may
slide into another down-
turn, a "double dip," after
slow improvement, says Di-
ane Swonk, chief economist
at Mesirow Financial. She
expects it to regain momen-

tum later this year.. But in a
report Wednesday she said,
"Even that forecast may be
New and existing home
sales were boosted last year
by federal tax credits. With
those gone, both sectors are
struggling to gain traction.
Last month, sales of new
homes fell 16.9 percent to a
seasonally adjusted annual
rate of 250,000. Median pric-

es fell almost 14 percent from
January, the Commerce De-
partment said.
Bad weather hurt sales, as
did unemployment and other
economic concerns. "This is
a consumer that continues
to be uncertain about the fu-
ture," says David Crowe, chief
economist at the National As-
sociation of Home Builders.
Some buyers are being sty-
mied by tightened lending
standards. Eight of 10 buy-
ers who look at new homes
for sale by Caresco Homes in
Stockton, Calif., don't qualify
for loans, often because they
lost homes to foreclosure or
short sale, says sales man-
ager Gina Carruesco.
IHS expects sales of new
homes to edge up to 350,000
this year, from 320,000 last
year, and for sales of existing
homes to hit 5.1 million, from
4.9 million last year.
Some markets are off to a
stronger start. In Hanover,
N.H., the 26 agents in the
Coldwell Banker Redpath
& Co. office have closed 52
home sales this year, up from
41 at the same time last year,
says owner Ned Redpath. "I'm
holding my breath," he says.

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P*ic'- ir;.:!.ies crlor 'k ioro .and :arnir-.% -di copy o! your ad
Fill out the grid, bring in, mail or email to
The Miami Times: 900 NW 54 Street, Miami, FL 33127
Fax: 305-694-6211 Call 305-694-6225
e-mail classified@miamitimesonline.com

Shrinking Cities
Biggest population decreases since 2000 amoog marjGf c:t.,.
2010 ChanoQ
ty Doouvat.on from 2000 Pr. r.nor-r].
Now Orlans 343.829 -140M145 29.
D trolt 713,77 -237,493 -25.0
CMveland 396.81S -81588 17;
Cndcitlnt 296.943 34 47 4
Pittsburgh 305.704 -28.Q7 (,
To0 to4Oto 287208 -26.11 -
St.Lous 319.294 -28,89a -'
Chicago 2 695-5E98 -210,4'., 18-6I9
Bafthmore 620,961 -)0,194 -4.6
Santa Ana, Calif. '24,528 '44 -4-0




Tiny cube could halt rising cellphone bills

Alcatel-Lucent's light Radio gives

wireless carries more network

flexibility and efficiency

NEW YORK As mobile data
usage skyrockets, wireless
companies are spending bil-
lions each year to maximize
capacity, and consumers end
up footing the cost in the form
of higher cell phone bills.
But a cube that fits in the
palm of your hand could help
solve that problem.
It's called lightRadio, a Ru-
bik's cube-sized device made
by Alcatel-Lucent (ALU) that
takes all of the components of
a cell phone tower and com-
presses them down into a 2.3-
inch block. Unlike today's cell
towers and antennas, which
are large, inefficient and ex-
pensive to maintain, lightRa-
dio is tiny, capacious and pow-
As tiny as it is, it has been
tasked with solving an enor-
mous problem.
The global wireless industry
is spending $210 billion a year
to operate their networks, and
$50 billion to upgrade them,

according to Alcatel-Lucent
and PRTM. Networks are deal-
ing with that cost by putting
data caps in place with heavy
overage charges and by rais-
ing prices on their smartphone
and tablet plans.

Despite all that spending and
pressure on consumers to curb
their data usage, the networks
are fighting a losing battle. Mo-
bile data usage is expected to
grow 30 times in the next four
to five years and 500 times in
the next ten years, according
to Alcatel-Lucent.
With a combination of min-
iaturization and cloud technol-
ogy, lightRadio just might be
able to help wireless carriers
keep pace with their custom-
When conceiving of light-
Radio, Alcatel-Lucent's en-
gineers stripped out all the
heavy power equipment that
controls modern cell towers,

C; j,

The light Radio miniature mobile phone and Wi-Fi hot-spot antenna is made by Alcatel-
Lucent. It can really 2G.3G and 4G network signals all from the same cube.

and moved them to centralized
stations. That allows the light-
Radio cubes to be made small
enough to be deployed virtu-
ally anywhere and practically
inconspicuously: Atop bus sta-
tion awnings, on the side of
buildings or on lamp posts.
Their small size and central-
ized operation lets wireless
companies control the cubes
virtually. That makes the an-

tennas up to 30 percent more
efficient than current cell tow-
ers. Live data about who is us-
ing the cubes can be assessed,
and the antennas' directional
beams can be shifted to maxi-
mize their potential. For in-
stance, radios may be pointed
in one direction as people are
coming to work in the morn-
ing and, another direction as
they're leaving work at the end

of the day.

The lightRadio units also
contain multi-generational an-
tennas that can relay 2G, 3G
and 4G network signals all
from the same cube. That cuts
down on interference and dou-
bles the number of bits 'that
can be sent through the air.
Today's cell towers, by con-

trast, send power in all differ-
ent directions, most of which
is lost, since it doesn't reach
anyone's particular devices.
They're inefficient in other
ways as well: Roughly half of
the power from cell towers' base
stations is lost before it makes
its way up to the antennas at
the top of the tower. And they
have separate antennas for 2G,
3G and 4G networks, causing
interference problems.
All of lightRadio's smart tech-
nology and power efficiency
can help cut carriers' operating
costs in half, Alcatel-Lucent be-
"We need to think different-
ly about this, because no one
wants limits," said Tod Sizer,
head of wireless research at
Alcatel-Lucent's Bell Labora-
tories. "We hope to solve this
problem so that the AT&Ts, Ve-
rizons and Sprints of the world
will be able to provide the data
capacity that is needed by the
The lightRadio trials will be-
gin in September 2011, and the
company expects to be produc-
ing them in volume by 2012.
Several carriers have expressed
interest in the technology, and
Sprint Nextel plans to try out
the cubes later this year.

Making use of your tax refund

continued from 7D

Americans can get
the most bang out of
the bucks they receive
back from Uncle Sam.
Ogorek offers advice on
how to get a double- or
triple-whaminy on this
precious windfall of
nearly $3,000.
Say you have a
$3,000 balance on a
credit card at the na-
tional average interest
rate of 14.43 percent,
-according to Bankxate.
com. By paying off the
'debt in full you get not
one but three or more
distinct benefits. You
lock in an instant re-
turn of 14.43 percent.
That is a better return
than the current 0.62
percent average yield
on money market ac-

counts. And you boost
your credit score. And
no use carrying credit
card debt, as its inter-
est is not tax deduct-
Similarly, here's a
clever way to use the
money to bulk up
your 401(k) and ben-
efit in ways you might
not have envisioned.
When you get your IRS
check, put the money
in a money market ac-
count. Then increase
your annual 401(k)
pa -roll d.ecttion,, by
the same amount. (The
money market savings
will offset a smaller
paycheck due to 401(k)
payroll deductions.)
You get the benefit
of putting your money
into the 401(k) a little
at a time, a process
known as dollar-cost

averaging, which al-
lows you to buy more
shares when prices are
low and fewer when
prices are high. It will
also increase your
chances of getting a
full company match, if
you are not already re-
ceiving that perk.
You also benefit from
the pretax withdraw-
als coming out of your
paycheck, which will
lower your tax bill next
What's even better:
If.ypu invest in, a.n in-
dex fund that invests
in large-company
stocks, which have
posted average gains
of 9.8 percent over the
long term, according to
Morningstar, you will
more than double your
money in 10 years and
end up with $7,603.

Population decreasing in Detroit

continued from 8D

that bodes very well
for us."
Emily Linn,
33-years-old, opened a
store in 2009 with her
brother in Midtown
selling goods from lo-
cal artists and craft-
speople. "Throughout
Detroit's history, there
has been work on re-
vitalization. It seems
like there is kind of

a critical mass right
now," said Linn. "In
Midtown, we actively
notice a lot of new resi-
Detroit's largely
Hispanic southwest
neighborhood remains
stable, helped by new
immigration; cheap
housing and low bar-
riers of entry, said An-
gela Reyes, executive
director of the Detroit
Hispanic Development
Corp., a community

Jose Jesus Lopez, 45,
started his restaurant
Mi Pueblo in southwest
Detroit in 2000. Since
then, it has grown
from 13 tables to 56
tables, plus a sepa-
rate banquet center.
"Southwest Detroit
works as a commu-
nity," Lopez said. "The
Depression and all the
tough times, we made
it through, so many
businesses survived."

Benefits reappear at some companies

continued from 7D

with their company."
Educational benefits
are especially attrac-
tive to today's "con-
stantly changing work-
force," Driscoll says,
as well as mentoring
programs, which he
considers another form
of training. "Many em-
ployees are always
looking for ways to
be more competitive
and develop their skill
sets." Employees also
value flexible business
hours and the abil-
ity to telecommute, he
Some employers
worry that employees
might leave their jobs
once their education
is paid for. Although
that's indeed a dan-
ger, Driscoll claims
that the risk is worth

taking. Education and
other perks "build loy-
alty to the organiza-
tion, improve morale,"
he says.

At a time when the
"cradle-to-grave" men-
tality is long gone,
perks have become a
key tool to entice em-
ployees to stay with
a company, Driscoll
adds. "That's the main
way to hold employees,
to create an environ-
ment where they feel
really good about the
organization they work
for. If companies in-
vest in them, they tend
to give more of them-
selves. They want to be
with an organization
like that."
Karen Sumberg, se-
nior vice president of

the Center for Work-
Life Policy,, a New York
think tank focused on
workplace issues, says
her group's research
mirrors Accountemps's
latest findings. The
center, she says, has
been "hearing quite a
bit in our research that
Gen Y and baby boom-
ers are looking for oth-
er ways to be compen-
sated besides money."
Perks can help em-
ployees advance and
stay engaged espe-
cially in the U.S., where
work is an important
place for people, she
adds. "In general, the
workforce is mov-
ing to people wanting
more autonomy over
their time," she says.
"They're also look-
ing for ways to better
themselves [and] build
connections through

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Female coaches draw anger, praise

Lovelaces Brooklyn team nears history

By Jim Halley

Boys and Girls (Brooklyn,
N.Y.) boys basketball coach
Ruth Lovelace has made the
playoffs for 17 consecutive sea-
sons, but her male peers seem-
ingly are still reluctant to give
her respect.
When Lovelace's Kangaroos
defeated Lincoln (Brooklyn) for
the second consecutive year in
the city's Public Schools Ath-
letic League title game this
month, Lincoln coach Tiny
Morton said, "I think (us) hav-
ing 23 turnovers and them
shooting 33 free throws and
us losing by five or six, she got
Thomas Jefferson (Brook-

lyn) basketball coach Law-
rence Pollard chuckles at that.
He has known Lovelace for 25
years, since he played at Boys
and Girls High and Lovelace
was an all-city player for the
"If you do it once, you might
be lucky," Pollard said. "When
you repeat, it's more than luck,
particularly in our league, with
the competition."
Pollard says Lovelace's gen-
der makes it tough for some
city coaches to accept losing to
"I know it's tough on me. I
told our guys, 'Do you want to
lose to a woman?' They may
have to change the name to
Girls and Boys High. She's

- -"- -----lmliw, !
Boys and girls school coach Ruth Lovelace is aiming for
two victories from a New York state federation boys cham-
pionship. It would be a first for a female coach.

showing us men how it should
be done."
If Boys and Girls, No. 14

in the USA TODAY Super 25
rankings, can win its next
two games, Lovelace will be

the first female coach to win a
state federation boys basket-
ball title. The Kangaroos play
Mount Vernon in the semifi-
nals Saturday in Albany.
"We've made the playoffs
every year," Lovelace said.
"I know coaches in the city
who've never made the play-
offs, yet they're good coaches.
They get their kids to graduate.
I look at it as a success when a
(former player) calls me up and
says, 'Coach, I'm sending out
an invitation to my wedding,'
or 'I just landed a great job.' Or
when they have their first kid
and ask me if I could come to
the baby shower. Those things
are how I measure my success.
That's what my legacy will be.
That's what's important to me."
Boys and Girls is the oldest
public high school in Brook-

lyn. It has a proud basketball
tradition that includes Lenny
Wilkens, Connie Hawkins and
Pearl Washington. Yet nothing
comes easily. The school draws
students from the tough Bed-
ford-Stuyvesant neighborhood.
It is one of 23 city schools list-
ed as underperforming by the
state Department of Education.
Seven players have been sus-
pended for Saturday's game,
including starter Jeffland Ne-
verson, for poor class atten-
dance, leaving the team with
nine players.
Boys and Girls assistant El-
mer Anderson said Lovelace
was well-suited for her job.
"Unfortunately, you become
the surrogate mother or father,"
he said. "Sometimes, these
kids don't have those systems
at home."

Insurance isn't optional in most cases

continued from 7D

the charming 1920s bungalow
on the other side of the street.
Have you always dreamed of
owning a home near the water?
Check insurance rates before
you buy that beach house. Ho-
meowners insurance rates in
some coastal areas have shot
up 30 percent or more since
Hurricane Katrina.

You probably know that a
safe driving record will get you
a lower auto insurance rate.
But did you know you can also
get a lower rate by taking the
bus to work? Many insurers
offer a low-mileage discount
for policyholders who drive be-
low an annual threshold, typi-
cally 5,000 to 8,000 miles a
year, Danise says. Most states
require insurers to give a dis-
count to drivers 55 or older
who complete a defensive driv-
ing course, and a few require
insurers to give a discount to
anyone who completes such a

course. You may also qualify
for a discount if your car con-
tains certain safety features,
such as a car alarm.
Discounts can also reduce
the cost of adding a teenage
driver to your policy. Many
insurers offer better rates
for teenagers who have good
grades. Others will lower your
rate if you agree to install a
monitoring device that tracks
your child's driving habits, Da-
nise says.
Homeowners can lower
their rate by installing bur-
glar alarms and smoke detec-
tors. Installing a sophisticated
home-security system could
lower your rate by up to 20
percent, according to Insure.
Some insurers provide dis-
counts to older homeowners,
Danise says. The reasoning:
Retirees are home during the
day, so their homes are less
likely to be burglarized or
damaged by fire.

You may think that your

credit score has nothing to do
with your driving habits, or
the likelihood your house will
burn down. Insurance compa-
nies disagree. They say that
there's a statistical correlation
between credit scores and the
likelihood someone will file
an insurance claim. Conse-
quently, drivers and homeown-
ers with low scores often pay
higher premiums than those
with pristine credit. Consum-
er groups have criticized this
practice, arguing that it dis-
criminates against minorities
and low-income consumers. A
few states have enacted leg-
islation that limits insurers'
ability to use credit scores to
set rates.
Your best defense is a good
offense: Pay your bills on time
and don't carry a large credit
card balance. You should also
check your credit reports reg-
ularly to make sure they don't
contain errors that could hurt
your credit score. You can or-
der a free annual copy of your
credit report from the three
credit bureaus at annualcre-

Booksellers react to Borders' closings

continued from 7D

us to compete with the pric-
ing of the large chain stores,"
Lewis said. "Now, those same
chain stores have to compete
along with us smaller indepen-
dent stores with the pricing of
internet sales, book clubs, digi-
tal books, etc. It's a difficult
time for us all, but in all hon-
esty their closing leaves me also
feeling a bit hopeful for my own
Lewis regularly holds book
signing and author meet-and-
greets with the hope residents

will choose to patronize book-
stores close to home, rather
than suburban locales.
"It's vital that I find a way to
remind them that we are here
and we want to be a part of this
community," Lewis added.
Warren is urging residents
and neighbors to patronize the
'gems' of the community while
they're still around.
"Independent Black book-
stores are closing all over the
country," she said. "When own-
ers announce they're closing,
people are like 'Why are you
doing that?' and 'We can't let
that happen.' Well, if I haven't

seen you in the store in seven
or eight months, that might be
the reason I need to close. We
continue to go to other people
to spend money, and come
back to the community when
we need something. The key
is to realize the importance
of investing in our communi-
ty institutions that serve our
people all of the time .and not
some of the time. We need to
support each other; or the next
time your child is running for
queen or whatever, go to Ama-
zon and ask them to take out
an ad: that's what it boils down

Former Haitian dictator hospitalized

continued from 5C

killed more than 300,000 peo-
ple in one of the world's poorest
He is under investigation on
charges of corruption and
crimes against humanity for

killings and torture that oc-
curred during his 15-year rule.
Duvalier is alleged to have em-
bezzled between $300 million
and $800 million of assets from
Haiti during his presidency.
Switzerland's government an-
nounced last month it would
start legal proceedings to con-

fiscate his assets, frozen in the
European country since 1986.
In a television interview given
after his return, Duvalier reject-
ed accusations that he was a
tyrant and said he was the first
person to introduce a democrat-
ic process in his troubled Carib-
bean homeland.

Renters need insurance as well

continued from 8D

belongings of the tenants.
Unlike homeowners, renters
policies don't come with an au-
tomatic percentage for covering
possessions, leaving the ten-
ants the choice of determining
the appropriate amount of cov-
Renters should photograph
belongings and tally up their
value to make sure the policy
would take care of replacing ev-
erything they own.
Beyond the loss of personal
possessions, a renter could face
litigation if a guest gets hurt in
the apartment and the renter

is at fault. Renters insurance
policies offer liability coverage
in much the same way that ho-
meowners policies do, and even
cover medical costs.
"If you have a party, and
somebody trips on your rug
and has to go to the hospital
and get an X-ray, they can file
a claim and don't have to sue
you," Salvatore says.
The immediate survival ex-
penses can quickly add up if a
fire or other mishap displaces a
renter. A renters insurance pol-
icy will cover additional living
expenses, such as essentials
you need to buy and other liv-
ing expenses that surpass your
typical rental costs, Salvatore

Renters insurance can cover
a lot, but it doesn't actually
cost much. Average costs for
the coverage ran about $176 in
"That's probably a fancy cof-
fee drink a week," says Salva-
tore. So forgo the Starbucks
and put the money into one of
these policies, which can typi-
cally be purchased from the
same provider of your auto cov-
"It's a small amount to pay for
peace of mind," says 61-year-
old Suzette Eaddy of Corona,
N.Y., who says she's had the
coverage for many years and
hasn't had to use it yet, luckily.


Pursuant to ES. 98.075(7), notice is hereby given to the voters listed below. Please be advised that your eligibility to vote is in question based on information provided by
the State of Florida, You are required to contact the Supervisor of Elections in Miami-Dade County, Florida, no later than thirty days after the date of this Notice in order to
receive information regarding the basis for the potential ineligibility and the procedure to resolve the matter. Failure to respond will result in o determination of ineligibility
by the Supervisor of Elections and your name will be removed from the statewide voter registration system. If you have any questions pertaining to this matter, please contact
the Supervisor of Elections at 2700 NW 87th Avenue, Miami, Florida or call 305 499-8363,
Conforme a ES. 98.075(7), par el present se notifico a los electores enumerados a continuad6n que segOn informoci6n provista par el Estodo de Ia Florida, se cuesliona
su elegibilidad paro votar. Usted debe comunicorse con el Supervisor de Elecciones del Condado de Miami-Dade, Florida, dentro de los treinta dias, a mds tardar, desde
Ia fecha de este Aviso, con el fin de que se le informed sabre el fundomento de Ia possible folta de idoneidad y sabre el procedimiento paro resolver el asunto. Si usted no
cumple can su obligatidn de responder, se emitird uno deldaraci6n de folla de idoneidad, par porte del Supervisor de Eleciones, y su nombre se eliminari del sistemo de
inscripdi6n de electors de todo el estado. Si tiene alguno dudo acerca de este temo, par favor, comuniquese con el Supervisor de Elecdones, en 2700 NW 87th Avenue,
Miami, Florida, a par tel6fono, al 305-499-8363.
Dapre Lwo Florid ES.98.075(7), yap avize vote yo ki sou lis pi ba la-o. Nap ovize w ke bhaze sou enf6masyon nou resevwo non men Eta Florid, nou doute si w elijib pou
vote. Yap monde nou kontokte Sip6vizi Eleksyon Konte Miami-Dade, Florid, pa pita ke trant iou apre resepsyon Avi sa-a pou nou kapab resevwo enfbmosyon sou kisa yo
baze kestyon ke w pa elijib la epi pou nou we kouman pou nou rezoud pwobl6m Ia. Si w pa reyaji epi w pa reponn a lit so-o, so gen dwa mennen Sipivizi Eleksyon an
deside ke w pa elijib epi yo va retire non w non sist6m enskripsyon vot Etao-a. Si w genyen onkenn kestyon sou koze so-a, tanpri kontktle Sipivizb Eleksyon yo nan 2700
NW 8711h Avenna. Minmi Florid own rein fiS.499-863

Almendares, Luis 230 NW 32Nd St Miami FL 33127 Luna, Carlos PO BOX 650905 Miami FL 33265
Augustine, Bennito 776 NE 81St St Miami FL 33138 Mallary, Jeanette S 1799 SW 8Th St Homestead FL 33030
Avila, Gaspor 6210 NW 194Th St Hialeoh FL 33015 Manley, Monique S 1710 NW 1St Ct Miami FL 33136
Baker, Shown 726 NE 1st Ave Miami FL 33132 Martinez JR, Jose E 11216 SW 203Rd Ter Miami FL 33189
Bello, Joel A 3420 SW 105Th Ave Miami FL 33165 Martinez, Eddie 1437 SW 7Th St Miami FL 33135
Benitez, Sergio 1010 Euclid Ave #4 Miami Beach FL 33139 Melendez, Roberto P 253 NE 14th St #207 Miami FL 33132
Bermudez, Jose D 948 NW 205Th St Miami Gardens FL 33169 Milton, Floyd 13210 Memorial Hwy #115 Miami FL 33161
Brown JR, Thomas 21075 NW 22Nd Ave apt 241 Miami FL 33056 Montgomery, Domineque 654 NW 8Th Ct Florida City FL 33034
Brown, Anquan C 1481 NW 103Rd St Miami FL 33147 Mosley, Anthony L 8951 NE 8Th Ave Apt 15 Miami FL 33138
Bryont, Geneva 2992 NW 54Th St #1 Miami FL 33142 Moss, James L 726 NE ISt Ave Miami FL 33132,
Buckley, Hester L 6888 NW 15Th Ave #2 Miami FL 33147 Neal, Keith R 726 NE lSt Ave Miami FL 33132
Cade, Kendrick 28205 SW 125Th Ave Homestead FL 33033 Noval, Idalmis S 748 E 41st St Hioleah FL 33013
Clarke, Patrice S' 1015 NW 121St St North Miami FL 33168 Occi, Eliezer 1645 NW 126Th St North Miami FL 33167
Coachman, Barrett A 1889 NW 152Nd St Miami Gardens FL 33054 Odom JR, Arthur L 781 Curtiss Dr Opa Locka FL 33054
Collins JR, Melvin 726 NE 1St Ave Miami FL 33132 Olivera JR, Alberto 11931 SW 175Th St Miami FL 33177
Coney, Michael A 21340 SW 112Th Ave #208 Miami FL 33189 Osby, William D 529 SW 4Th St Homestead FL 33030
Cordero, Michael A 251 NW 30Th ST # 2 Miami FL 33127 Paper, Daniel S 717 Volenda Ave #6 Coral Gables FL 33134
Cordova, Victor G 4 SW 15Th Ter Homestead FL 33030 Potlan, Jose A 15413 SW 288Th St #202 Homestead FL 33033
Dean, Dwayne E 4727 NW 6Th Ave Miami FL 33127 Perez, Julio 21751 SW 102Nd Ave Miami FL 33190
Delgado, Miguel L 386 NW 18Th St Homestead FL 33030 Perpall, Eldred 17630 SW 104Th Ave Miami FL 33157
Diaz, Jorge L 2055 SW 122Nd Ave #313 Miami FL 33175 Pindqr, Staorette C 3345 Charles Ave #A Miami FL 33133
Dieguez, Jose 21211 SW 128Th Ct Miami FL 33177 Romon, Leonel 3347 NW 34Th St Miami FL 33142
Dovol, Richard A 478 NE 56Th St Miami FL 33137 Registe, Flavce 804 84Th St #804 Miami Beach FL 33141
Dover, Jimmy D 153 NW 26th St #1 Miami FL 33127 Remon, Julio C 1101 SW 122Nd Ave 211 Miami FL 33184
Emmanuel, Martin G 790 NE 139Th St North Miami FL 33161 Rivero, Jose 17031 NE 23Rd Ave #8 N Miami Beach FL 33160
Ernand, Noel 510 NW 58th Ct Miami FL 33126 Rddriguez, Yuri G 82 NW 27Th St #3 Miami FL 33127
Evans, Charles 1235 NW 103Rd Ln Miami FL 33147 Rogers, Herrell -726 NE 1St Ave Miami FL 33132
Fernandez, Joel J 2271 NE 37Th Rd Homestead FL 33033 Romero, Maykell 8600 SW 133Rd Ave Rd #322 Miami FL 33183
Floyd, Samuel 0 2501 NW 155Th Ter Miami Gardens FL 33054 Ross, Frank 1100 NW IlOTh St Miami FL 33168
Francis, Rudolph A 25300 SW 124Th PI Homestead FL 33032 Roy, Kostlo 8020 SW 26Th St Miami FL 33155
Frazier, Dovion L 815 NW 83Rd Ter Miami FL 33150 Russ, Bobby L 13730 NW 6Th Ct North Miami FL 33168
Godson, Izell A 15959 SW 95Th Ave Miami FL 33157 Sajousse, Vildeon 661 NE 177Th St # Miami FL 33162
Gainous, Antwone L 2460 NW 1415t St Opo Locko FL 33054 Soloazor, Federico PO BOX 960658 Miami FL 33296
'Gibbs, Ernest 3037 NW 92Nd St #3 Miami FL 33147 Scott, Fabian A 436 NW 19Th St #436 Miami FL 33136
Gonzalez, Juan L 1655 W 44Th PI #518 Hialeoh FL 33012 Servants JR, Amos L 6666 NW 15Th Ave Apt 5 Miami FL 33147
Gonzalez, Odalys 9896 SW 161SIt Ave Miami FL 33196 Smith JR, Anthony A 774 NW 74Th St Miami FL 33150
Gordon, Willie J 1165 Jordan Rd Apt L3 Merritt Island FL 32953 Smith, John A 6920 NW 177Th St #0102 Hioleah FL 33015
Hardy, Lensy 3145 W 78Th PI Hioleah FL 33018-3848 Smith, Shounley T 27279 SW 117Th PI Homestead FL 33032
Hart, Caswall A PO BOX 310051 Miami FL 33131 Solis JR, Wilfredo 13860 SW 268Th St #203 Homestead FL 33032
Henry, Melchizedek T 10371 SW 173Rd St Miami FL 33157 Soto, Dovier 1550 Little Havana Miami FL 33128
Hilton, Dove 112 NW 51StStMiami FL 33127 Tatum, Malcolm L 10361 SW 180th St Miami FL 33157
Infante, Heidi M 433 NW 11Th Ave #A Miami-FL 33128 Templin, Kevin J 447 NE 125Th St #23 North Miami FL 33161
Irving JR, Louis 125 NW 191St St Miami Gardens FL 33169 Thomas, Anthony 15731 NW 29Th Ave Miami Gardens FL 33054
Isbell, Jammie C 28205 SW 125Th Ave Homestead FL 33033 Word, Forrest G 2000 NW 12Th Ave #614 Miami FL 33127
Janvier, Mews J 260 NW 179Th Ter Miami FL 33169 Williams, Carmen D 1907 NW 38Th St Miami FL 33142
Jimenez, Yislene 999 Brickell Boy Dr #1207 Miami FL 33131 Williams, Eugene PO BOX 924499 Homestead FL 33092
Kingtode, Calvin Apt 303 1256 NW 79Th St Miami FL 33147 Williams, Terrell 5241 NW 30Th Ct Miami FL 33142
Kritt, Margaret L 15840 NE 14Th Ct N Miami Beach FL 33162 Willis, Dorcas P 719 NE 86Th St #3 Miami FL 33138
Legra, Richard 3800 Polm Ave #215 Hialeah FL 33012 Wilson, Tarvis D 2840 NW 135Th St OpO Locka FL 33054
Lleo, Elio E 20900 NW 14Th PI #107 Miami FL 33169 Young, Anisso J 15 NE 131St St North Miami FL 33161
Lopez, Miguel A 24407 SW 108Th Ave Homestead FL 33032 Zanders, Kevin A 23 NW 4151tSt Miami FL 33127
Lester Sola
Supervisor of Elections, Miami-Doade County
Supervisor de Elecciones, Condado de Miami-Dade
Sipivizi Eleksyon, Konte Miami-Dade

For legI l a di soninegi t ohtiHlgaa. mi amid .govI


,I I

One and two bdrms. Fur-
nished units available. Sec-
tion 8 OkI 786-488-5225 or
Section 8 special. One and
two bedrooms. Furnished
units available. $199. Total
move in. 786-488-5225
One bdrm. $700 monthly.
Free water,appliances,
laundry, quiet buidling. we
work with bad credit and
much more. Call 786-506-
3067. 1545 NW 8 Avenue.

1140 NW 79 Street
One bdrm, one bath. $525.
Appliances, free water.

1150 NW 1 Place
One bedroom, one bath.
$450 Mr. Willie #6

1212 NW 1 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath
$475 monthly. Stove, refrig-
erator, air. 305-642-7080
1221 NW 61 Street #4
Two bedrooms, two baths, air.
First and last. $750 monthly.
305-691-2565 or
1261 NW 59 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$550. Free Water.

1317 NW 2 AVENUE
.$425 Move In. One
bdrm, one bath $425.
Ms. Shorty #1

1348 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $450.

140 NW 13 Street
$500 MOVE IN. Two
bdrms, one bath $500.

14100 NW 6 Court
Huge one bdrm, one bath,
with air, in quiet atea;- $650"
monthly! 305-213-5013
1425 NW 60 Street
Nice one bedroom, one bath,
$600 mthly. Includes refriger-
ator, stove, central air, water.
$725 Move In. 786-290-5498
14350 NW 22 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $425
Free Water 786-267-1646

14460 NW 22 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $495
Stove, refrigerator, air
Free Water 786-267-1646

1450 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $425.

1450 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $425.
Ms. Pearl #13

1500 NW 69 Terrace
Beautiful one or two bdrms.
Section 8 OK. 786-486-2895
1718 NW 2 Court
$425 MOVE IN, One bdrm,
one. bath, $425.

1725 NE 148 Street
Studio $543-$595, One bdrm
$674 plus, two bdrms, $888.
First and security
1744 NW 1 Court
One bedroom, one bath.
$495. two bedroom, one
bath $595. Appliances,
Ms.Bell #9

1818 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, one bath,
$425. Appliances, Mr.

186 NW 13 Street
One bdrm, one bath. $475.
Appliances 305-642-7080

200 NW 13 Street
One bedroom, one bath
$425. 305-642-7080.
2040 NE 168 Street
One bedroom, one bath
water included, washer, dryer
facility. Section 8 Welcome.
210 NW 17 Street
One bedroom, one bath
$450. Two bedrooms, one
bath $550. 305-642-7080
320 NW 2 Avenue
Move in Special. One bdrm
only, $575. 305-926-2839
3669 Thomas Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $525,

appliances. 305-642-7080
One bedroom, very nice $450
a month. Call 305-557-1750

;--;'.. a. .-
4651 NW 32 Avenue
Small one bdrm, $470 mthly,
Call after 3pm. 305-469-9698
5200 NW 26 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath. Free
gift for Section 8 tenants.
No deposit. $675 moves
you in.
Jenny 786-663-8862

60 and 61 STREET
One and two bdrms, $595
and $695. Call 954-482-5400
6091 NW 15 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $450.
Two bdrms, one bath $550.
6229 NW 2 Avenue
Two bedroom, one bath.
Section 8 OK. 55 and older
preferred. 305-310-7463
7513 North Miami Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. Reno-
vated, new appliances, park-
ing. Section 8. HOPWA OK.
$650. Call 305-754-7900. 9
am to 7 pm NO LATER.
8475 NE 2 Avenue
Two bdrm. Section 8 OK.
Arena Garden
Move ip with first month rent
Remodeled efficiency, one,
two, three bdrms, air, appli-
ances, laundry, gate. From
$400. 100 NW 11 St.
Overtown, Liberty City,
Opa-Locka, Brownsville.
Apartments, Duplexes,
Houses. One, Two and
Three Bedrooms. Same day
approval. For more
First month rent free!
Beautiful one and two bed-
room apartments from $490
- $594 in Miami with win-
dow bars and free water at
all locations. Some in gated
communities. Some near
bus lines and/or across from
Brownsville Metrorail Station.
First month rent free! Good
until 4/30/11. For more infor-
mation call 305-638-3699 or
apply at
2651 NW 50 Street.
Easy qualify. Move in
special.One bedroom, one
bath, $495, two bedrooms,
one bath, $595. Free water!
Leonard 786-236-1144

Remodeled one bdrm. $625
to $675. 534 NE 78 Street
One bdrm. Shops, buses,
and 1-95. 305-318-6198
Corner of NW 103 Street
Beautiful two bedrooms. $700
monthly. $1000 to move in.
Gated, security, tiled floors,
central air. 305-696-7667
Liberty City Area
One bedroom. $500 moves
you in. Call 305-600-7280 or
Overtown Area
One bdrm $400,
Two bdrm $595,
Three bdrm $700.
305-600-7280/ 305-603-9592
One bedroom. Appliances in-
cluded $680-$720.
One bdrm, one bath. $495
monthly. 305-717-6084
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$750. Section 8 welcome.
1907 NW 2 Court
Nice one bedrooms, air con-
dition, appliances. Free HOT
water in quiet fenced in com-
munity, $410 monthly, plus
$200 deposit. 305-665-4938
or 305-498-8811

1655 NW 3 Avenue
Store for rent next to Metro
PCS. 1200 square feet. New
central air, tile, great condi-
tion. Two months free. Good
for any retail business or of-
fice. $1200 monthly. Call

191 Street NW 35 Avenue
Four bedrooms, Section 8
Welcome. 305-754-7776
S Duplexes
11277 NW 17 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath, air,
laundry. 786-269-5643
1226 NW 1 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath. $450.

1524 NW 1 Avenue

One bdrm, one bath. $495,
free water. 305-642-7080

1603 NW 51 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath, air.
Section 8 OK. $1,100 mthly.
1722 NE 148 Street
One bdrm, one bath, air,
$700. 786-356-6101
1735 NW 50 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath,
central air, carpet. $800 mth-
ly. First, last and security.
1877 NW 94 Street
Two bdrms, one bath, $875
mthly. Stanley 305-510-5894
1969 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, one bath.
$500, stove, refrigerator, air,
free water and gas.

2 NE 59 Terrace
Two bedrooms, one bath,
central air. 786-237-1292
2285 NW 101 Street
One bedroom, water, air,
bars, $700. Terry Dellerson
Realtor. No Section 8.
2742 NW 49 Street
Spacious two bedrooms, one
bath,-lawn service.
3621 NW 23 Court
Two bedrooms, one bath,
$950 monthly, Section 8
welcomed! 786-258-1843

7820 NE 1 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath.
$775. Appliances,
free water. 305-642-7080

8125 NW 6 Avenue
Remolded two bedrooms,
one bath, water included,
$875 monthly. 786-306-7868
86 Street NE 2 Avenue
Two bdrms. Section 8 OK.
Call 305-754-7776
Kingsway Apartments
Two bdrms, one bath duplex-'
es located in Coconut Grove.
3737 Charles Terrace
Near schools and buses.
$650 monthly, $650 deposit,
$1300 to move in.
305-448-4225 or apply in

100 NW 14 Street
,,.Newly.,,, renovatelq,, private
bath and kitchen, utilities and
cable (HBO, BET, ESPN). 24
hour security camera, $185
wkly, $650 mthly.
12325 NW 21 Place
Efficiency'available. Call
13377 NW 30 Avenue
$120 weekly, private kitchen,
bath, free utilities,
305-474-8186, 305-691-3486
5422 NW 7 Court
Includes electric and water.
$600 monthly. 305-267-9449
5541 NW Miami Court
Newly renovated, fully
furnished, utilities and cable
(HBO, BET, ESPN),from
$185 wkly to $650 monthly.
676 NW 46 Street
$500 monthly. One month
plus deposit. 786-308-6051
New floor, air, fridge, utilities,
cable. $700 monthly. $1000
move in. 305-751-7536
Very large efficiency, every-
thing included, .$645 monthly.

13387 NW 30 Avenue
$85 weekly, free utilities,
kitchen, bath, one person.
305-474-8186, 305-691-3486
143 Street and 7 Avenue
Private entrance many ex-
tras. $110 weekly 305-687-
6930 and 786-306-0308
1500 NW 74 Street
Microwave, refrigerator, color
TV, free cable, air, and use of
kitchen. Call 305-835-2728
15810 NW 38 Place
$85 weekly. Free utilities,
bath, kitchen, one person.
305-474-8186, 305-691-3486
1722 NW 77 Street
$115 weekly, new carpet,
1770 NW 71 Street
Cottage room, air, cooking.
$400 move in. 305-303-6019
1775 NW 151 Street
Fully furnished, refrigerator,
microwave, cable, air and
heat. Two locations.
Call 954-678-8996
1814 NW 68 Terrace
One week free rent! Clean
rooms, includes air, cable,
water, electricity and use of
kitchen. $450 monthly.
1887 NW 44 Street
$450 monthly. $650 moves
you in. 305-303-0156.
2169 NW 49 Street, Free Air,
Direct TV, only $99 weekly.
Call NOW! 786-234-5683.
2106 NW 70 Street
Room for one person. $135
Weekly. Private Bath.
2810 NW 212 Terrace
Nice rooms. $125 weekly..
Call 786-295-2580

62 Street NW First Avenue
$450 monthly. $900 move in.
Call 305-989-8824
6233 NW 22 Court
Utilities, air included. $90
weekly, $200 moves you in.
Call 786-277-2693
7749 NW 15 Avenue
Kitchen privileges, utilities,
air, cable. $400 monthly.
305-879-8148, 305-218-4746
83 Street NW 18 Avenue
9119 NW 25 Avenue
$380 monthly. 786-515-3020
Rooms, central air, applianc-
es. $100 and $125 wkly.
Clean, comfortable. Air, kitch-
en privileges. Cable optional.
$115 weekly,
$215 to move in.
Cable, air, light cooking.
Clean, quiet room with
security bars. $65 weekly.
Call 305-769-3347

In walking distance of
137 St. and N.W. 27 Ave.
Use of kitchen, washer and
dryer. Call 786-380-7967

2170 Washington Avenue
Clean rooms, $110 weekly,
$476 monthly.
Room in Christian Home
Call NA at 786-406-3539
Senior Citizens welcomed.
8013 NW 10 Court
Central air, new bathrooms
and kitchen, security gates
$135 $150 weekly. Call
Kevin 786-800-1405
Appointment Only!

1052 NW 48 Street
Completely renovated. Three
bedrooms, air. Nice neighbor-
hood near schools. Section 8
OK. Call 305-975-1987
1385 NE 133 Street
Three bedrooms, one ..bath,
$1250. Section 8 welcome.
14200 NW 3 Avenue
Two bedrooms, two baths,
air, florida room.
1478 NW 43 Street
Three bdrms, one bath, air,
tile floor, Section 8 OK.
15851. NW 18 Avenue
Three bedrooms, one bath,
air. Near school and bus
stops. Section 8 Welcome!
18715 NW 45 Avenue
Section 8 OK. Three bed-
rooms, one. bath, central air,
tile floors. A beauty. $1295
Joe 954-849-6793
2035 NW 52 Street
Four bdrm, two bath, $1700,
Section 8 OK. 786-486-2231
2145 NW 84 Street
Two bdrms, one bath. Sec-
tion 8 OK. 786-556-9111
271 NW 55 STREET
Three bedrooms, one bath.
$950 mthly. 786-326-6869
2947 NW 57 Street
Three bedrooms, two baths
$950 mthly. (305) 267-9449
6123 NW 30 Avenue
Updated three bedrooms,
one bath. Central air. $1250
monthly. 305-662-5505
917 1/2 NW 80 St
On the corner, beautiful two
bedrooms. Free water, air,
window bars and iron gate
door. First and last. $750
monthly. Call 786-380-7201
Three bdrms, two bath,
$1367 mthly. 305-757-7067.
Design Realty
Behind in Your Rent? 24
Hour notice. Behind in Your
Mortgage? 786-326-7916

1230 NW 128 Street
Renovated three bdrms,
two baths,central air, $1300
monthly,no closing cost.
3431 NW 212 Street
Three bedroom, two bath, a
creampuff. Try $3900 down
and $799 monthly P&I. We
also have others. NDI Real-
tors 305-655-1700
Now You Can own Your
Own Home Today
UP TO $65,000
On Any Home/Any Area
Need HELP???
House of Homes Realty

3350 NW 212 Street, three
bdrms, air, bars. Only $543
monthly with $1900 down
FHA. We have others. NDI
Realtors Office at: 290 NW
183 Street 305-655-1700 or

FT and PT positions avail-
able. Must have CDA or 45
hours. Level 2 background
screening will be required.
Call 305-636-2945 to
schedule an interview or
e-mail resume to bluestar-


Highly motivated, pro-
fessional individuals for
fast paced newspaper.
Must type 45 wpm, well
organized and computer
literate with excellent oral
and writing skills. Must
have a minimum of an AA
or AS degree. Fax resume
along with salary history to
The Miami Times

We are seeking drivers to
deliver newspaper to retail
outlets in South Dade, Bro-
ward and Miami Dade.
Wednesday Only

You must be available be-
tween the hours of 6 a.m.
and 1 p.m. Must have reli-
able, insured vehicle and
current Driver License.
Apply in person at:
The Miami Times
900 N.W. 54th Street


Desk, computer table, desk-
top Dell Server, Sun Unix
laptop, Easels, Dehumidifier.
Beautiful 5-pc Glass
Dining Room Set
Plus a coffee table and end
table, $375 obo.
Call 786-402-8403

Behind on
Stop Foreclosure
No Gimmicks Real Help
Call 305-655-0998
No Upfront Fees
The Mortgage
Mitigators Network, LLC
Custom-made cabinets for
kitchens and bathrooms at
affordable prices. 14130
N.W. 22nd Avenue.
Call 305-685-3565.
North Dade
Assisted Living Facility
ALF License #AL5887
24 hr. supervision, house
doctors for the
Call Senior Citizens
Concern Group, Inc.

The King of Handymen
Special: Carpet cleaning,
plumbing, doors, laying tiles,
lawn service. 305-801-5690

undersigned, desiring to en-
gage in business under the
fictitious name of:

Divorce With Dignity,
12550 Biscayne Blvd.
Suite 800
North Miami, FL 33181
in the city of Miami, Fl
Owner: Lori Black Ogene, Esq.
intends to register the said
name with the Division of
Corporation of State,
Miami, FL
Dated the 30rd day of
March 2011.





Lack of first-time buyers

hurts housing market

Fewer able to buy, putting housing

recovery on hold

By Julie Schmit

Many first-time
home buyers are sit-
ting on the sidelines
of the U.S. housing
market, hampering its
ability to gain traction.
Last month, 34% of
existing-home pur-
chases were made by
first-time buyers, ac-
cording to the National
Association of Real-
tors. In January, they
were 29% of the mar-
ket, the lowest since
NAR surveys started
tracking them monthly
in late 2008.
In healthy markets,
first-time buyers make
up 40 percent to 45
percent of all purchas-
ers. They play a critical
role in buying starter
homes so those owners
can buy more expen-
sive homes.
Despite low mortgage
rates and falling prices
in many markets, ex-
isting-home sales have
been weak for months
and were down 2.8
percent in February
from a year ago.
What's keeping more
first-timers at bay:
Expired tax cred-
its. Federal credits

boosted home sales in
2009 and 2010 and
lured some first-time
buyers into the market
sooner than normal,
says Lawrence Yun, A
NAR chief economist.
The credits expired
in April. Last March,
48% of buyers were.
first-timers, Inside
Mortgage Finance data
show. "It'll take some ,
time to rebuild that
pipeline," Yun says.
Lending stan-
dards. Tighter lend-
ing standards since
the housing bust are
edging out first-timers
who can't meet credit
or employment history
requirements in a still-
weak economy, says
Guy Cecala, publisher
of Inside Mortgage Fi-
Higher credit stan-
dards are reflected in
loans bought by gov-
ernment-backed mort-
gage giants Freddie
Mac and Fannie Mae.

Last year, loans in
Freddie Mac's portfolio
had an average credit
score of 758, it says.
That was up from 720
five years ago.
Many lenders are
also requiring higher
down payments, says
Greg McBride, senior

analyst at Bankrate.
com. The best terms
kick in with 20 per-
cent or more down.
Higher down payments
are driving more buy-
ers to Federal Housing
Administration loans.
The FHA requires as
little as 3.5 percent
down for borrow-
ers with good credit
scores. In fiscal year
2010, FHA loans were
19 percent of the home
purchase market vs.
14 percent a decade
Competition. In
February, cash buyers
accounted for a record
33 percent of existing-
home sales, NAR says.

In some areas, includ-
ing Southern Nevada,
cash buyers now ac-
count for more than
half of existing-home
sales. Sellers often
prefer cash offers be-
cause they're more
likely to close, says
Realtor Jerry Abbott
of Grupe Real Estate
in Stockton, Calif. He
recently had one list-
ing with six offers: one
cash, two with 20 per-
cent down payments
and four FHA, which
often means first-time
"The seller didn't
even consider the
FHA" offers, Abbott

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The Miami Times is looking for an expe-
rienced copy editor. This position Is part
time and will require additional evening
hours on Mondays and Tuesdays. You
should have an extensive background In
AP style and be familiar with those who
make up the leadership of Miami-Dade
County. Please submit your resume, a list
of references and salary history to the edi-
tor at kmcneir@miamitimesonline.com. No
phone inquiries please.


Sealed Proposals will be received by the City of Miami City Clerk at her office lo-
cated at City Hall, 3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, FL 33133 for the following:



VOLUNTARY Pre-Proposal Conference: Tuesday. Aoril 12. 2011 at 10:00
AM Location: Bavfront Park Management Trust. 301 North Biscavne Bou-
levard. Miami. FL

Deadline for Reauest for additional information/clarification: 4/1912011 at
3:00 P.M.

Detailed for this Proposal (RFP) is available upon the City of Miami, Purchasing
Department, website at www.miamigov.com/procurement. Telephone No. is
(305) 416-1913.

NO. -S

Tony E. Crapp. Jr.
City Manager

AD NO. 13973

RFP NO. 263248

Up to 10 weeks with Anesthia $180
Sonogram and office visit after 14 days

267 E. 19 St.. Hialeah, FL.
Sisamc as 103 St.)
(Pls mention ItlO ad)

l 305-824-8816





.A1, -t ~r
~ -~ I ~

Soon a year will have.passed since the Deepwater Horizon accident in the Gulf. From the beginning,
we have taken responsibility for the cleanup. Our commitment to the Gulf remains unchanged, as
does our.responsibility to keep you informed.

No oil has flowed into the Gulf since July 15th. As our efforts continue, nearly 100% of the waters
are open and the beaches are clean and open. To ensure its safety, Gulf seafood has been more
rigorously tested by independent researchers and experts than any other seafood in the world. To
date, BP has spent more than $13 billion in clean-up costs.

An additional $282 million has been spent on environmental issues, including wildlife rescue and
restoration of wildlife refuges across the region. We have also committed $500 million to the Gulf of
Mexico Research Institute to fund scientific studies on the potential impact of the spill.

$5 billion in claims have already been paid. We've committed $20 billion to an independent fund to
pay for environmental restoration and all legitimate claims, including lost incomes. More than $200
million in grants have been made to the Gulf Coast States to promote tourism and seafood.

This was a tragedy that never should have happened. Our responsibility is to learn from it and share
with competitors, partners, governments and regulators to help ensure that it never happens again.

We know we haven't always been perfect but we are working to live up to our commitments, both
now and in the future.

For more information, please visit bpamerica.com.

facebook.com/B PAmerica

@2011 BP, E&P


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