The Miami times.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028321/00923
 Material Information
Title: The Miami times.
Uniform Title: Miami times
Physical Description: v.
Language: English
Creator: Miami times
Publisher: The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Publication Date: February 23, 2011
Subjects / Keywords: African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )
General Note: "Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note: "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note: Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
sobekcm - UF00028321_00923
System ID: UF00028321:00923

Full Text


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Tempora Mutantur Et Nos Mutamur In Illis



pay homage

to murdered


By Jimmie Davis, Jr.
Miami Times writer

Sheila McNeil, along with relatives and ac-
quaintances, gathered on February 19th at St.
Mark Missionary Baptist Church [2180 NW 87th
Street in Miami], to celebrate the life of her son
Travis McNeil, 28, who was gunned down last
week by a Miami police officer.
"We are here to celebrate a life," said Pastor Jo-
seph Williams who presided over the interment.
The standing-room-only memorial service was
Please turn to MCNEIL 10A


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Ten-year-old Travis McNeil,
Jr., says goodbye to his fa-
ther, Travis Sr., 28, shot and
killed by Miami Police offi-
cers last week. McNeil, Sr.,
along with his friend Ka-
reem Williams, 30, was shot
late Thursday night, Feb.
11, just after leaving a local
lounge. While details remain
sketchy, the two men were
apparently followed and
subsequently stopped by
City of Miami police. Min-
utes later McNeil lay dead at
the scene while Williams lay
critically injured with three
gunshot wounds.

N'western appeal denied, keeps 'unfair' D

Miami Times Staff report

Miami Northwestern Senior
High School, along with two
other Miami-Dade County
Schools, want the State's De-
partment of Education to re-
calculate their school grades.
But officials in Tallahassee
say they will not comply be-
cause the schools missed the
deadline to appeal.

The three schools Miami
Northwestern, Miami Sunset
and Doctors Charter School
- all contest that the state
used incomplete data to cr!
culate their grades. The origi-
nal deadline to appeal was
Oct. 22nd.
However, the caveat in this
instance is the fact that the
deadline had already passed
weeks before Florida high

schools knew their grades.
It remains difficult to there-
fore ascertain how any school
could have questioned their
grade and still have met the
State's deadline for appeal.
Once the grades were re-
leased the three South Flori-
da schools were given disap-
pointing news. Sunset and
Doctors Charter School saw
their grades drop to a B and

C, respectively. However, in
the case of Liberty City's Mi-
ami Northwestern, whose
struggles for a more respect-
able school grade have contin-
ued f-r the last several years,
the D grade they received, al-
legedly due to an accidental
omission of additional infor-
mation by the school district,
is particularly troubling.
Please turn to GRADE 10A

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Will Blacks go to the polls Tuesday?

By D. Kevin McNeir
There's another election in
District 33 which includes Mi-
ami's Overtown community
and the City of Miami Gardens.
The special election, which be-
gan with early voting on Mon-
day, will determine who will fill
the vacant state Senate seat of
Frederica Wilson, who is now a
member of Congress.
Election Day is Tuesday,
March 1st which leaves the

winner little time before the
start of the new legislative
session on March 8th. Who's
running? Outgoing State Rep-
resentative Oscar Braynon
II (Democrat), 34 and former
North Miami Mayor Josaphat
"Joe" Celestin (Republican),
But after record-low num-
bers at the polls just weeks ago,
the question remains whether
Blacks will even bother to cast
their vote? Lester Sola. 46,
Please turn to POLLS 10A


Celestin: No Republican support

"Local government crucial to Blacks'future"

By D. Kevin McNeir

Long-time Miami resident
and former mayor of the City
of North Miami, Josaphat
"Joe" Celestin, 54, admits to
being a Democrat for most

of his life. In fact, during
his unsuccessful run for the
Florida Legislature in 1996
he was still part of the Demo-
cratic Party. But in 1998 he
changed parties. Now he rep-
resents the Republican Party,
at least in name, in his bid for

the Florida State Senate.
"I switched political parties
in 1998 when it became ap-
parent that the Democrats
weren't doing anything for
Blacks," he said. "They as-
sumed that they had the Black
vote and so they stopped de-
livering for us. Our interests
Please turn to CELETIN 11A

Acquitted terrorist cannot return to U.S.

Miami Times Staff report

Lyglenson Lemorin, a Black
man acquitted of charges of
terrorism and of allegiance to
al-Qaeda, may never be able
to return to the U.S. the
country in which he has spent

most of his life. Lem-
orin, 35, a natural-
ized U.S. citizen born
in Haiti with no crim-
inal record, has lost
a crucial legal appeal
to reverse his depor-
tation to Haiti one

month ago. Lemorin
was found innocent in
the first federal trial of
the Liberty City Seven
in 2007. Nonetheless,
he was immediately
faced with a deporta-
tion order generated by

U.S. Immigration and Cus-
toms Enforcement. He has
challenged his extradition but
has found disappointment at
every juncture, most recently
before a panel of judges in the
l1th U.S. Circuit of Appeals
Please turn to LEMORIN 10A

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Gas may hit $5

Oil prices climb as violence roils Libya
By Gary Strauss

If political unrest in Libya spreads to other oil-rich
countries and the ensuing chaos disrupts crude oil pro-
duction, gas prices could hit $5 a gallon by peak sum-
mer driving season, industry analysts say.
Benchmark crude oil prices soared Monday, rising
about 6 percent to $95.39 a barrel for April contracts
on the New York Mercantile Exchange as violence and
a military crackdown spread in Libya, the first major oil-
producer hit by a burgeoning anti-government movement.
The Pleaase turn to GAS 10A




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Has the tolerance of the Black

community reached its end?
ere is one interesting fact about oppressed groups
of people: They tend to be more tolerant, even ac-
cepting of their fate, when it comes to being abused
by those in power. But as we have seen throughout history,
there comes a time when a people rise up, regardless of the
costs, in order to secure justice.

That time may be coming soon in Liberty City, Overtown
and the surrounding Black communities of Miami. And it
causes us great alarm, fear and trepidation.

What is most troubling is the fact that the frustration
that continues to mount within the Black community is
due in great part to the actions of several members of the
City of Miami Police Department just as it was over 20
years ago when an innocent young brother named Arthur
McDuffie was beaten to death by a group of the "City's fin-
est" who were subsequently acquitted, sparking one of the
worst uprisings Miami has ever seen.

Similarities not withstanding, what we can ill-afford to
have transpire is another riot. 'Burn, baby, burn' may have
been the rallying cry in the 80s and it certainly was the
motto of fed up Blacks in the 60s but this is a different
time in a different world. Or is it?

What we find difficult, no impossible, to accept is that we
have seen the shooting of eight Black men, all relatively
young, resulting in seven deaths and still have no an-
swers from police or the state attorney's office as to the
legitimacy of these shootings. To paraphrase the words of
Bishop Victor Curry from his special radio broadcast last
week, "we're sitting on a powder keg . I've been asked
not to bring up race but I have no other choice when seven
Black men have been killed by Hispanic police."

We do not profess to understand the intricacies of police-
involved shootings but it stands to reason that if Black
men continue to be shot dead by our own police, then we
have serious problems in the Department.

In a few short months the summer will be upon us and
with that, more young Black men will be out of school and
as there are few jobs available, many of them will more
than likelyjoin an already growing number of brothers rid-
ing in their cars or standing on corners just to occupy
the time.

We just hope and pray that the 'invisible X' that many of
them feel is already on their backs won't lead more police
officers to shoot and kill more presumably innocent Black
men. How we resolve this crisis is critical because Blacks
are growing tired of being patient and tolerant. And like
the 'sore' that our poet Langston Hughes spoke of in his
epic "Dream Deferred," sometimes things just "fester like
an open sore" while other times they simply "explode."

Real progress only comes

with compromise
F lorida's local PBS affiliates showed the award-win-
ning series about the civil rights movement, Eyes on
the Prize, last Sunday as Black History Month drew
to a close. The series chronicles the lives of those mostly-
Black named and unnamed men, women and children who
refused to be treated as second-class citizens, risking their
lives in the name of justice.

What was clear in the recorded conversations filmed for
the show and in the unveiling of our history is the fact that
progress comes slowly and almost always requires some
level of compromise. It is a lesson that we could certainly re-
member today as we wait for the dust to clear in the squab-
ble over the 7th Street Transit Village hub. Of course, now
the jockeying for power has more to do with guarantees for
economic justice than it does race although some might
dispute that claim.

We are not seeking to endorse the County Commission
or those activists located along the 7th Avenue and 62nd
Street corridor, as that would not be our place. What we
believe is vital and more to the point, is that the people of
Liberty City understand that in most cases in our history, in
order for Blacks to achieve significant gains, it has been es-
sential that we be willing to engage in some "give and take."

Of course we want more jobs for our residents and yes we
want to make sure that our community truly profits from
this new business enterprise. Of course we want to improve
the appearance and bring more investment back into the
neighborhood. But we realize that the Transit Village hub
must be profitable for those private entities investing their
dollars too, as this is a mix of public and private dollars. So
where do we go from here?

Perhaps it would be wise to return for more lessons learned
from watching the Eyes on the Prize series. We know that
King was a pivotal figure in the civil rights movement that
is an indisputable fact. But there were times when he knew
that he would have to delay victory. There were times when
he suffered unquestionable defeat. And then there were
those times when he purposely compromised his desired
goals in order to achieve a greater end.

(ISSN 0739-0319)
Published Weekly at 900 NW 54th Street,
Miami, Florida 33127-1818
Post Office Box 270200
Buena Vista Station, Miami, Florida 33127
Phone 305-694-6210
H.E. SIGISMUND REEVES, Founder, 1923-1968
GARTH C. REEVES, JR., Editor, 1972-1982
GARTH C. REEVES, SR., Publisher Emeritus
RACHEL J. REEVES, Publisher and Chairman

Member of National Newspaper Publisher Association
Member of the Newspaper Association of America
Subscription Rates: One Year $45.00 Six Months $30.00 Foreign $60.00
7 percent sales tax for Florida residents
Periodicals Postage Paid at Miami, Florida
Postmaster: Send address changes to The Miami Times, P.O. Box 270200
Buena Vista Station, Miami, FL 33127-0200 305-694-6210

The Black Press believes that America can best lead the
world from racial and national antagonism when it accords to
every person, regardless of race, creed or color, his or her
human and legal rights. Hating no person, fearing no person,
the Black Press strives to help every person in the firm belief
that all persons are hurt as long as anyone is held back.

Ap 4
Audit Bureau of Circulations

1-- -J -

I_ ___________________________ __________________________------------- _____________---------


Unemployment dropping for everyone but Blacks
--- -- -- - -

The first Friday of every month
is the time when we learn what
is happening with the prior
month's employment. Many are
excited that in a two-month
period the unemployment rate
dropped from 9.8 percent in No-
vember to 9.0 percent in Janu-
ary. Good news? Not really. Only
36,000 new jobs were creat-
ed. The unemployment rate drop
is mostly a function of people
dropping out of the labor mar-
More importantly for those
who concern me, the Black
unemployment has scarcely
changed. So while the overall
unemployment rate is down,
the Black unemployment rate
has held constant at 15.7 per-
cent. The old adage of last hired,
first fired holds true. Blacks are
not really participants in this
so-called economic recovery.
If any other community had
these recalcitrant rates we could
expect a targeted program to im-

prove or fix the matter. Blacks,
however, have been ignored by
public policy, being relegated to
the "suck it up" school of devel-
opment. Black workers have had
no opportunity to experience
this so-called recovery. We are

years. People want to call our
world post-racial but there is
no post-racialism in these high
unemployment rates. Indeed,
the fact that recovery does not
trickle down means that Presi-
dent Obama must take time to

What diligence can we offer when the unemployment
rate is so high? What dollars can we collect when
the dollars are not there?

out of luck, out of line and at
the periphery of the employment
Meanwhile, many Republi-
cans have come to Washington
shooting for bear. They want to
cut government spending. They
think that their cuts will cre-
ate jobs. But, there are no jobs,
not for Blacks and few jobs for
others. We have been sitting at
the periphery of this economic
recovery for more than three

look at what is happening with
Black workers.
Congressman Jim Clyburn
(D-SC) says that recovery funds
need to be targeted to those com-
munities that have the greatest
burden of recession. Communi-
ties with more than 20 percent
unemployment should get 10
percent of the recovery funds
that are provided for the next 30
years. He calls it the 10-20-30
plan, an opportunity for specific

communities to roar back from
recession. I call it a good idea.
It's not enough. It is too post-
racial to be post-racial. It sug-
gests that distressed communi-
ties are the only communities
that need help. It takes race
away, when race is so much
there, when Blacks are sitting
like little children with their nos-
es to the glass wall of economic
recovery. The data suggests that
other communities are recover-
ing. The reality is that the Black
community is not.
What diligence can we offer
when the unemployment rate
is so high? What dollars can
we collect when the dollars are
not there? Our nation's high
unemployment rate reverber-
ates. People are struggling and
this struggling is unaddressed.
Many will applaud the drop
in the unemployment rate. Who
will remind us that the Black
unemployment rate remains at a
crisis-level high?


republicans seek to massacre bama s 2012DTudget

President Obama released his
$3.7 trillion budget proposal for
fiscal 2012 on Valentine's Day
and it immediately became the
object of a Valentine's Day Mas-
sacre by Republicans in the
House and Senate who want
deeper budget cuts.
Lost amid the GOP criticism
was that President Obama pro-
posed $61 billion in cuts. His plan
includes a 50 percent cut ($2.5
billion) in the government's pro-
gram to help low-income people
pay their heating bills and slicing
$300 million in community devel-
opment block grants. At a time
Obama is highlighting the need
for infrastructure spending and a
clean environment, he is propos-
ing eliminating almost $1 billion
from grants that go to states for
water treatment plants and infra-
structure programs.
Republican leaders say that
Obama's budget was dead on ar-
rival. GOP leaders have proposed
returning federal spending to
20.6 percent of gross domestic
product (GDP), the average of fed-

eral spending from 1970 to 2008.
Trying to peg federal spend-
ing to an arbitrary figure from
the past ignores the enormous
changes in American society that
ranges from increased federal
responsibility in the post 9/1-1
environment to a flood of baby

grams: Medicare, Medicaid, and
Social Security; 2) Federal re-
sponsibilities have grown. Since
2000 federal responsibilities have
expanded in the aftermath of
the September 11 (2001) terror-
ist attacks; and 3) Spending on
federal debt will be substantially

Republican leaders say that Obama's budget was dead
on arrival. GOP leaders have proposed returning federal
spending to 20.6 percent of gross domestic product
(GDP), the average of federal spending from 1970 to 2008.

boomers reaching retirement age.
There are three key reasons why
trying to roll back federal spend-
ing to 1970 or even 2000 levels
ignores today's reality, according
to the Center on Budget and Pol-
icy Priorities report: 1) The aging
of the population the percent-
age of Americans aged 65 and
older will grow by more than half
during the next 25 years and
that growth will increase the cost
of the three largest domestic pro-

higher than it has been the past
40 years. The combination of the
Iraq and Afghanistan wars, the
Bush-era tax cuts and their ex-
tensions and a severe recession
have contributed to the public
debt being almost twice as large
(as a percentage of GDP) as it was
in 2001. Higher interest costs
have accompanied the rising
The budget debate isn't just a
matter of numbers. The budget

also defines us as a country.
Obama's pledge to freeze the
pay of federal employees and any
tampering with Social Security
would have a disproportionate
impact on people of color. In his
budget, Obama proposed allow-
ing the Bush tax cuts to expire
in 2012, ending subsidies to oil
and gas companies and elimi-
nating tax breaks for companies
that do business overseas. Un-
fortunately, Obama provided no
details or specific proposals. GOP
leaders who insisted on extend-
ing the Bush era tax breaks for
the wealthy are unlikely to favor
curbing corporate welfare. Elimi-
nating $125 billion a year in cor-
porate welfare would be more
than enough to offset the pro-
posed cuts in domestic spending.
Americans need to mobilize to
force them to make more sensible
decisions. It's easy to admire how
protesters in Egypt and Tunisia
have rallied in recent weeks to
force a change in their govern-
ment. It's time to raise our voices
in the U.S.


We observe Black History Month so we can learn r....

The importance of knowing
history is to learn from it. We
remember to thank historian
Carter G. Woodson for first es-
tablishing Black History Week as
a "celebration" of Black achieve-
ment back in 1926. During the
years we have come to celebrate
our history in the month of Feb-
ruary not only in America, but
also throughout the world.
Black people are often, in too
many instances, the object of
daily racial stereotypes and
negative cynicism in the main-
stream media. Each February,
at least for the majority of Blacks
and others who have a sense of
the value of diversity and inclu-
siveness, is a time for reflection
and celebration of the progress
and achievements that African
people have made in the U.S.
and across the globe. Black His-
tory Month, therefore, is an an-
nual time when there is a more
visible, positive energy and con-
sciousness about Black prog-

It is also most important that
we take the time to share the
teachings and learning from our
history with the children of our
communities. Black youth will
be proud of our history to the ex-
tent to which we will take more
time to tell it, explain it and to

of that African nation should
serve as a global reminder that
the future destiny of the world
is not in the hands of those who
live vicariously in the past blind-
ly with no vision, hope or plan to
make social, economic, political
and cultural progress. The fu-
ture is the hands of young people

Each February, at least for the majority of Blacks and oth-
ers who have a sense of the value of diversity and inclu-
siveness, is a time for reflection and celebration of the
progress and achievements that African people have made in the
U.S. and across the globe.

make sure that our youth will
understand and appreciate it.
The historic transformation of
Egypt during this year's annual
observance is noteworthy. Egypt
is one of the oldest nations in the
world. Sixty percent of the popu-
lation in Egypt is under the age
of 30. The dramatic changes in
Egypt that were led by the youth

who know their history and take
their rrspc.njsbilll for freedom
and progress seriously.
February 11, 2011 was the day
of transformation in Egypt. But,
we also should remember and
continue to celebrate that Feb-
ruary 11, 1990 was the day that
Nelson Mandela was firi.all, re-
leased from prison in South Af-

rica after spending 27 years in
prison unjustly as a political
prisoner held by the apartheid
regime. Mandela stated, "Our
march to freedom is irreversible."
Let's make sure here in the
U.S. that our march to freedom
is also "irreversible." The history
of voting and the blood-soaked
price that Blacks, in particular,
had to pay to get the right to
vote should never be forgotten or
taken for granted. Yes, we have a
lot to celebrate. There has been
progress. But, we also have a lot
to be sober about: high unem-
ployment, imprisonment, high
school dropout rate and pov-
erty. But, we must not be cyni-
cal and self-destructive. There
are solutions to all these prob-
lems. Black history has taught
us that we will have victories
as well as defeats. But we have
come too far to let new winds of
oppression blow us off course.
Let's raise up a new generation
of freedom fighters.

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Governor Scott ushers in the end of diversity
What happens when Blacks cally-Black colleges, has no in- ernor go to him. He will control disappear. We will lose jobs in
turn out to vote? Answer: you tention of appointing Blacks to our budget, the employment of state agencies, our historically-
get your first Black President. positions of power in his admin- key state agency heads and he Black colleges will lose funding
What happens when Blacks istration and that he would not will control billions in state con- and may fade out of existence,
don't bother to vote? Answer: be appointing any Black judges. tracts. In simple terms, Blacks our businesses will suffer and
You get Governor Rick Scott. In effect, he told 20 Black leg- are going to suffer over the next programs for our youth will dis-
Governor Scott won the elec- islators that anything that they four years. We have no one to appear.
tion by the smallest of margins, wanted or thought was impor- blame but ourselves because The victors of this election,
If the Black community had the Tea Party, and big busi-
turned out to vote, he would ness will benefit. Scott has al-
not have won. It is that simple. governor Scott won the election by the smallest of mar- ready indicated that he will cut
In some precincts, we had less gins. If the Black community had turned out to vote, he taxes to big business and con-
than a 30 percent turn out. In sequently have to cut funds for
other words, only 1 in 3 regis- would not have won. It is that simple, public schools, benefits to state
tered Black voters went to the employees and funding of social
polls. services programs that benefit
Scott in his meeting with tant simply did not matter to we did not bother to vote. the working class. Somehow,
Black legislators indicated that him. Over the next four years, I an- we have to survive the next four
he will: abolish a state office The old adage "to the victor go ticipate that every program that years and remember to exercise
that helps minority business- the spoils" is quite appropriate helps the poor, the needy, the the right that our forefathers
es obtain state contracts; end in this case. Scott is in control elderly and especially any pro- died to obtain we have to go
state support of two histori- and all the spoils of being gov- gram slated for Black people will to the polls and vote!


Thurgood Marshall, a civil rights icon =lM
Justice Thurgood Marshall President Harry Truman for his Montgomery bus boycott after for the great work you have
is without a doubt one of his- efforts to get civil rights legisla- Rosa Parks was arrested for done for not only the Negro in
tory's champions of civil rights, tion passed and implored Presi- refusing to give up her seat, it particular but American De-
even though his role has often dent Dwight Eisenhower not to was the lawsuits Marshall over- mocracy in general." Undoubt-
been eclipsed by the brilliant withdraw federal troops pro- saw that would end segregation edly, many of Marshall's clients
Martin Luther King Jr. Yet as testing the Black children inte- on those buses. felt this way. It was apparent
we mark not only Black History grating Central High School in Shortly after the Supreme from his letters to clients that
Month but also the 75th anni- Little Rock. As his letters from Court ruled in favor of the Marshall felt it important to
versary of Marshall's time as an 1935-57 demonstrate, Marshall NAACP's petition that bus seg- be their friend as well as their
attorney for the NAACP, a new advocate. He went far beyond
book Marshalling Justice: before King would share his dream with President John keeping them appraised of de-
The Early Civil Rights Letters Kennedy, Marshall had bent the ears of three U.S. presi- velopments in their cases by
of Thurgood Marshall allows ensuring that they had the
us to see more clearly the trail dents. He urged President Franklin Roosevelt to support necessary support financial,
this legendary litigator blazed legislation that would outlaw lynching, housing discrimination, emotional and otherwise to
for civil rights. and segregation in the armed services. carry on with their lawsuits.
Before King would share his As he wrote to a plaintiff in
dream with President John one case that would build the
Kennedy, Marshall had bent did not believe that laws could regation was unconstitutional, precedent that led to the victory
the ears of three U.S. presi- be changed in a vacuum. They King took his seat on an inte- in Brown v. Board of Education
dents. He urged President instead had to be accompanied grated bus in Alabama. Later in Topeka, Kan., "When the
Franklin Roosevelt to support by changes in the community King would send a $1,000 do- 'turf gets tough' there will be
legislation that would outlaw and culture at large. Activism nation to the NAACP Legal De- people who will scurry to cover,
lynching, housing discrimina- and advocacy worked together, fense Fund with thanks to Mar- but as long as we stick together
tion, and segregation in the For example, while King was shall: "We will remain eternally we can lick it."
armed services. He applauded instrumental in forming the grateful to you and your staff And so he did.

E e to Efor

Community Benefits Agreement: The time has come

Dear Editor,

The Miami Workers Center
(MWC) has been working on the
side of justice in the community
for over 10 years.
We and other local businesses
are located on the block of the
slated Transit Village project
and we believe that the time
has come for real accountabili-
ty from the county and develop-

ers. The Carlisle Development
Group will get $26 million tax-
payer dollars for this project.
They and other developers have
received hundreds of millions of
dollars for development in the
community, with little oversight
or concrete deliverables.
We just can't take the word of
Commissioner Audrey Edmon-
son that everything will be all
right this time. The county has

Al Sharpton is coming to Miami to speak about the rash of

police shootings of Black men but will his visit help?

College nursing student, Liberty City

I think it's
a good thing ,* "
that, you
know, some
one is trying to
stand up, but
I don't think
it will change
anything. It
will take more
than Al Sharpton coming here
to speak; he's done this before.
I remember when he spoke in
New York about the Sean Bell
case, things haven't changed

Retired, Liberty City

I've been around for about 70,
71 years; we're going through
the same chitter chatter. You
get a lot of people stirred up,
but then there's no action, there
are really no results. There's
no follow up, there's no follow
through and we usually revert

back a couple -
of months" q
to the same,
old, thing. If
we had some
leaders that
really followed
through on
all of their
endeavors we
would get better results than
just jumping on the band wag-

Security guard, Liberty City

I think some
good should
come of it be-
cause poli-
cies should
change. But
I think since
those two cops
were killed
two weeks
ago officers are kind of jumpy.
Sharpton's visit will help if the
community gets together .to
support it.

Courtroom clerk, Liberty City

I think it is
very nice for i
Rev. Sharpton
to take time
out of his busy
schedule to
come and try
to bring recog-
nition to this
issue; it's a
very good thing. After his visit
I think more people will know
what's going on and I think the
police will make a better effort
in respecting the lives of others.

College student, Liberty City

I think this
will be a good
thing for the
young people
because the
ones that re-
ally need to
hear what
Rev. Sharpton

has to say will be inspired by
him. As.far as change, maybe a
few things will change, but not
too much.

Retired, Liberty City

I think it
would shed
more light on
the situation if
they keep it in
the media and
then we can
get a resolution
to the problem.
I think we will
get some positive results like
more information on how police
do their jobs and what guidelines
they follow as to when to shoot
and not shoot. I think Sharpton's
visit will be positive.
"...I for one believe that if
you give people a thorough understand-
ing of what confronts them and the basic
causes that produce it, they'll create their
own program, and when the people cre-
ate a program, you get action ...
Malcolm X

no track record, mechanisms,
legal ability, nor the political
will to hold developers account-
That is why we are demanding
something called a Community
Benefits Agreement that guar-
antees things like local training
and hiring, access to affordable
housing, rights for small Black
businesses and fair wages. A
community agreement can go
much further than the govern-
ment can to detail the num-
bers of jobs and who gets them.

It provides community level
transparency and enforcement,
independent of the County.
MWC has no intention or illu-
sion of doing this on our own.
Forty organizations* and over
200 people came to a forum to
discuss this issue two weeks
ago and the atmosphere was
heated. The whole community
needs to be involved.

Issac Carter
and Rosalie Whiley

4 .-
r p



Zbe t tliami 'Tmeg
On. Famy Srving Dde and Bowod Co.unla Sn 1923


Feds, Dems appalled by Scott's refusal of rail money
By William Gibson "This project could have sup- ___ situation," said Congresswoman Republicans in Washington
ported thousands of good- Kathy Castor, a Democrat from and Tallahassee are challeng-
U.S. officials and Democrats paying jobs for Floridians and P Tampa. "The governor put his ing the strategy of pumping
in Congress were shocked and helped grow Florida businesses, own rigid ideology ahead of the money into the economy to spur
appalled on recently by Florida all while alleviating congestion best interests of Florida's busi- growth and create jobs. But to
Governor Rick Scott's decision on Florida's highways," said' nesses, workers and families." Democrats like Congresswoman
to decline federal high-speed rail LaHood, a Republican. "Never- Florida leaders from both par- Corrine Brown of Jacksonville,
dollars, theless, there is overwhelming ties have struggled for years to refusing long-sought federal
"We are extremely disap- demand for high-speed rail in et federal funding to support money is an outrage.
pointed by Governor Rick other states that are enthusias- .; development of high-speed rail "Clearly, the governor is not
Scott's decision to walk away tic to receive Florida's funding. service, starting with a link be- interested in either advancing
from the job-creating and eco- and the economic benefits it can tween Orlando and Tampa and Florida's transportation network
nomic-development benefits of deliver, such as manufacturing n eventually leading to service to or creating quality jobs for Flori-
high-speed rail in Florida," said and construction jobs, as well Miami. da residents," Brown said.
Transportation Secretary Ray as private development along its With much fanfare, the Obama "Up until today, the state of
LaHood. "We worked with the corridors." administration announced that Florida was in a perfect position
governor to make sure we elimi- Florida Democrats were even Florida would get $2.5 billion of to serve as the nation's trailblaz-
nated all financial risk for the more scornful, stimulus money for the project, er in our country's renaissance
state, instead requiring private "Governor Scott's decision but Scott and some other Re- of high-speed passenger rail,"
businesses competing for the demonstrates a devastating lack RICK SCOTT CORRINE BROWN publicans questioned whether she said, "yet now, with the gov-
project to assume cost overruns of vision for Florida and a lack of Florida Governor Congresswoman rail service would attract enough ernor's decision, we will contin-
and operating expenses." understanding of our economic riders to be cost-effective. ue to be the caboose."

Obama lauds Medal of Freedom recipients

By Darlene Superville
Associated Press

Barack Obama recognized one
former president and 14 art-
ists, athletes, civil rights activ-
ists, humanitarians and others
recently with the Presidential
Medal of Freedom for contri-
butions to society that he said
speak to "who we are as a peo-
This year's recipients "reveal
the best of who we are and who
we aspire to be," Obama said at
a White House ceremony..
The Presidential Medal of
Freedom is the nation's highest
civilian honor. It is given in rec-
ognition of contributions to U.S.
national security, world peace,
culture or other significant pub-
lic or private endeavors. The
medals were the second set
Obama has awarded.
Some of the loudest applause
was reserved for Bush, the for-
mer Republican president who
has devoted nearly 70 of his 86
years to p.ublic.servce, starting
when he joined the Navy on his
18th birthday. He served as a
congressman from Texas, U.N.
ambassador, Republican Party
chairman, U.S. envoy to China,
director of central intelligence, a
two-term vice president and one
term as the 41st president.
"His life is a testament that
public service is a noble call-
ing," Obama said. Bush's wife,
Barbara, and their children lis-
tened from the front row. "His
humility and his decency reflect
the very best of the American
spirit. Those of you who know
him, this is a gentleman."
Another robust round of
applause went to Rep. John
Lewis, D-Ga. Lewis was chair-
man of the Student Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee and
helped organize the first sit-ins
at lunch counters that refused
to serve Blacks. In 1965, he led
a march for voting rights from
Selma to Montgomery, Ala.,
and was nearly beaten to death
along with others in what be-

-Charles Dharapak / Associated Press
President Barack Obama kisses author and poet Maya Angelou
after awarding her the 2010 Medal of Freedom during a ceremo-
ny in the East Room of the White House in Washington Tuesday,
Feb. 15.

-AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster
President Barack Obama presents a 2010 Presidential Medal of Freedom to Rep. John Lewis,
D-Ga., Feb. 15, during a ceremony in the East Room of the White House in Washington.

came known as "Bloody Sun-
Obama said Lewis "knew
that change could not wait for
some other person or some
other time." Lewis speaks often
and loudly in his booming voice
on issues of justice and equal-
ity, and is known as the "con-
science" of Congress.
He told reporters later that
the award was all the more spe-
cial coming from Obama, the
nation's first Black president.
"If someone had told me that
one day I would be standing in
the White House and an Afri-
can-American president, would
be presenting me the Medal
of Freedom I would say, 'Are
you crazy? Are you out of your
mind?'" Lewis said. "It's just an
impossible dream."
A particularly touching mo-
ment occurred during the pre-

sentation for Dr. Tom Little, an
optometrist who was murdered
by the Taliban last August in
Afghanistan. His wife, Libby, ac-
cepted and Obama rubbed her
back as a White House military
aide read her husband's medal
The other medal recipients
John H. Adams, co-founder
of Natural Resources Defense
Maya Angelou, an author
and poet who wrote and recited
one of her works at former Presi-
dent Bill Clinton's inauguration.
Warren Buffett, chairman
and chief executive of Berkshire
Hathaway. The famed inves-
tor is known as the "Oracle of
Omaha" for a business savvy
that has helped him become one
of the world's richest men. Buf-
fett is also a philanthropist and

a leader of an effort challenging
the country's wealthiest people
to step up their charitable giv-
Jasper Johns, an art-
ist whose work has dealt with
themes of perception and iden-
tity. He is considered a major
influence on pop, minimalist
and conceptual art.
Gerda Weissmann Klein, Ho-
locaust survivor and author who
founded Citizenship Counts, an
organization that teaches stu-
dents to cherish being American
Yo-Yo Ma, a world renowned
cellist and 16-time Grammy
award winner who is known
for his interpretations of Bach
and Beethoven. He played at
Obama's inauguration and at
other White House events.
Sylvia Mendez, a civil rights
activist of Mexican and Puerto

Rican descent.
S Angela. Merkel the first
woman and rrsE ast erYAan'
to serve as chancellor of a uni-
fied Germany. She did not at-
tend the ceremony, but Obama
said she'd be paying him a visit
*Stan Musial, Hall of Fame
baseball player who spent 22
seasons with the St. Louis Car-
Bill Russell, the former cap-
tain of the Boston Celtics and
first Black man to become an
NBA head coach.
Jean Kennedy Smith, found-
er of VSA, a non-profit organi-
zation that promotes the artistic
talents of people with disabili-
John J. Sweeney, president
emeritus of the AFL-CIO.
President Harry S. Truman es-
tablished the Presidential Medal
of Freedom in 1945 to recognize
civilians for their efforts during
World War II. President John F.
Kennedy reinstated the medal
in 1963 to honor distinguished

-Pablo Monsivais / Associated Press
President Barack Obama
reaches up to present a 2010
Presidential Medal of Free-
dom to basketball hall of fame
member, Bill Russell, Feb. 15.

Black Caucus shares concerns with Scott

Tallahassee lawmaker tells Governor:

"It's not 'ObamaCare'"
By Tonya Alanez

makers lunched with Gov. Rick
Scott recent and voiced con-
cerns about the effects of his
proposals on Blacks: reduced
unemployment benefits, cuts
in health care for the poor, re-
quiring state workers to pay
into their pensions, cuts to the
state's historically Black col-
leges and the lack of diversity
among Scott's hires to run state
"You talk about jobs, jobs,
jobs, but in order to get these
jobs you need an education,
you need some type of train-
ing," Rep. Betty Reed, D-Tam-
pa, said, bemoaning cuts to
black colleges and workforce
education during a luncheon
Scott hosted for the Legislative
Black Caucus at the Governor's
Mansion. He was joined by Lt.
Gov. Jennifer Carroll, who is
Scott was congenial and affa-
ble, telling the Black lawmakers


he was receptive to their ideas
and supports diversity -- even
asking them to send names his
way -- but he largely defended
his positions.
"I believe in diversity, but the
most important thing I believe
in is the people that are going to
run these agencies are going to
be people that believe the way I
believe," Scott said.
One lawmaker called Scott on
his repeated reference to Presi-

dent Barack Obama's health-
care overhaul as "ObamaCare."
"It's not 'ObamaCare,'" said
Rep. Alan Williams, D-Tallahas-
see. "I really appreciate the op-
portunity to be here, but I con-
tinue to hear that over and over
again...It's called the Affordable
Health Care Act."
Scott's response: "It's 'Obam-
aCare' to me. That's what it is."
That said, the next time he
nearly let "ObamaCare" roll off
his lips, Scott caught himself
and called the measure "the Af-
fordable Health Care Act."

Scott wants to cut state
spending by nearly $5 billion
- with especially sharp cuts in
education and social services --
and eliminate more than 8,000
state employees.
Rep. Joe Gibbons, D-Hallan-
dale Beach said he was discour-
aged to see Scott's proposal to
eliminate the state's Office of
Supplier Diversity, which pro-
motes state contracting with
minority businesses.
"We want to be able to create
jobs for ourselves in our own
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Slaves hid African charms

on Colonial greenhouse ,
i !' \. K

Douglass lived at the plantation for

several years in the mid-182os

By Alex Dominguez evolved, he said.
Associated Press By looking at pollens found
during the Wye House dig,
BALTIMORE The green- researchers found that the
house on the Maryland plan- greenhouse was first used to
station where famed abolition- grow flowering plants, shrubs
ist Frederick Douglass spent and medicinal herbs, Leone
part of his childhood was not said. By the 1820s, lemon and
as uniquely European as once orange trees were being grown.
thought: Its furnace was built They also found pollens from
by slaves, who hid distinctly the rose family, lily, iris and
African touches within it to nightshade, among others.
ward off bad spirits, research- The pollen evidence matches
ers said. Douglass' descriptions in his
A stone pestle to control 1845 autobiography, "Nar-
spirits was concealed in brick rative of the Life of Frederick
ductwork used to heat the or- Douglass," written after his
angery a type of greenhouse 1838 escape from slavery.
used to shield citrus and oth- Douglass, who lived at the
er trees from chilly winters plantation near Easton along
and University of Maryland Maryland's eastern shore
archaeologists found charms for several years in the mid-
buried at the structure's en- 1820s, said the garden drew
trance, said excavation leader visitors from as far as Balti-
Mark Leone. The greenhouse more, about 40 miles (64 ki-
was long considered a mark of lometers) away and across the
European sophistication and Chesapeake Bay.
was a status symbol of the era. "It abounded, in fruits of al-
Douglass, whose adopted most every description, from
birthday is Feb. 14, described the hardy apple of the north
the cruelty of his enslavement to the delicate orange of the
after he was freed, though he south," Douglass wrote.
didn't realize the slaves were Leone had previously led an
helping create a unique agri- excavation on the property
cultural practice, Leone said. that uncovered slave quarters
'What he must have seen as and other buildings. Before
a boy is the creation and use that dig began, archaeolo-
of African-American garden- gists contacted descendants
ing," Leone said. of slaves who worked on the
Richard 1Vestracocr. a Uni- property, many of whom live
versity of Georgia professor nearby. The descendants were
emeritus and author of "Af- most interested in slave spiri-
rican-American Gardening," tuality and the role the Wye
said slaves were often chosen House slaves had in Blacks'
because of their agricultural fight for freedom.
skills. Many slaves brought to Harriette Lowery, a descen-
South Carolina, for example, dant of Wye House slaves who
had more experience growing lives in nearby Unionville, said
rice than their owners, said it has been "almost spiritual"
Westmacott, who was not in- to have a connection to her
volved in the Maryland re- ancestors.
search. "When they found spoons
However, in America they and pieces of bowls they
were also exposed to prac- worked with, just to be able
tices they had not seen in Af- to touch something that they
rica, such as row crops and touched was a feeling that I
flower cultivation. From that, can't put into words," she said.
a distinct form of gardening Lowery said her aunt, who


'. _-.
A*; -

.. -. -.-. -.. .

No NC marker for Blacks

who fought for South

MONROE, N.C. (AP) Plans
for a historical marker com-
memorating 10 Black men who
served the Confederacy are be-
ing rejected by Union County
officials as inappropriate for
the old county courthouse.
The Charlotte Observer re-
ported recently that support-
ers say recognition of Con-
federate service by Blacks is
long overdue. They want the
marker honoring nine slaves
and one free man placed on
the grounds of the 1886 court-

Opponents say it would be
inconsistent with other monu-
ments that honor entire regi-
ments or individuals who died.
The 10 all received Confed-
erate pensions and were de-
scribed as "body servants" or
bodyguards. Some hauled sup-
plies, carried water or cooked.
At least two were wounded.
Historians say the monu-
ment would probably be one
of a few public markers of its
kind in the country.

V. --


University of Maryland students excavate on Maryland's East-
ern Shore in search of the slave village described by Frederick

4 ~ e t. -


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'. .* .. .
-s- SI

.--- --
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_:^s.7" -

-Photos courtesy of University of Maryland
Archaeologists uncovered the foundation of what they believe was a two-story brick slave quar-

recently died, was a church cause she would be very hap- first settled the property. S
leader and extremely interest- py," Lowery said. Tilghman said she is com-
ed in the spiritual lives of the The excavation was con- mitted to preserving the es-
slaves. The discovery of the ducted with the permission of tate's history.
charms would have pleased Mary S. Tilghman, who inher- "This land has always been
her. ited the property in 1993 and a part of my life," she said,
"So, to even find it out how is an 1Ith-generation descen-. "and its preservation comes
puts a smile on my face be- dent of Edward Lloyd, who as a duty."

Books roundup: Black history .

High on the Hog: A Culinary Journey
From Africa to America
By Jessica B. Harris, Bloomsbury, 291 pp., $26

Toothsome that's the best word to describe Jessica Harris's High
on the Hog. A professor and author of 11 cookbooks, Harris presents a
history of Blacks through food. Into the pot she puts ingredients rang-
ing from a 14th-century traveler's description of African marketplaces,
r. to the exhausting and dangerous work required to run an antebellum
plantation kitchen, to Black cowboy cooks manning chuck wagons, to
\ today's Black foodie superstar Marcus Samuelsson.The result is a satis-
fying gumbo of info, insight and research. Clearly passionate about food,
Harris also explores the often-painful racial connotations that a simple
S delight such as watermelon once carried. Donahue

Behind the Dream: The Making of the

Speech That Transformed a Nation
By Clarence B. Jones and Stuart Connelly, Palgrave Macmillan, 204 pp., $22
The background story on how Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have A Dream" speech
came together.

Clarence Jones, a lawyer and speechwriter for Martin Luther King Jr., offers a
revealing insider's account of how King improvised parts of his "I Have a Dream"
speech at 1963's March on Washington. Jones is best describing King's muse, gos-
pel singer Mahalia Jackson, who would often sing over the phone to King when he
was despondent. In 1963, Jackson, standing near King and Jones at the Lincoln
Memorial, shouted, "Tell 'em about the Dream, Martin!" Jones, a visiting profes-
sor at Stanford, writes that King "shifted gears in a heartbeat." Minzesheimer

- 1

Harlem Is Nowhere: A Journey to the Mecca of Black America
By Sharifa Rhodes-Pitts, Little, Brown, 296 pp., $24.99
A personal history of a place that looms large in the imaginations of African Americans and people around the world.

Sharifa Rhodes-Pitts is a gifted young writer. But by the end of Harlem Is Nowhere, you want to blurt out, "enough with the
elusive and obscure pensbes delivered in the first person!" More about Harlem the place, "the Mecca of Black America" as your
subtitle puts it, and less about the books that you, young Ms. Harvard, have read about it. A Texas transplant via Cambridge,
Rhodes-Pitts moved to Harlem about nine years ago. Shedescribes her neighbors, her daily life, her politics, conversations, library
trips and gentrification tensions. Filled with quotes about Harlem from books, newspapers and posters, it feels like an erudite
blog written by a talented if self-involved literature lover who should have written a Ph.D. dissertation, not a book. Donahue



1 A

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L i;.' .
," / 1 -L ~







HA. P |Orim nII"

Scott is on the right track with prison reform idea

By Arthur Lee Hall, Jr.

It's great to hear the
proposal from Governor
Rick Scott advocating
the release of Florida .
inmates who have been
incarcerated for more
years than necessary. H
In fact, it is music to my ears
and would be the right and wise
thing to do- just as it was in
the case of the Scott sisters,
the two sisters who spent about
18 years in prison after a Mis-
sissippi jury decided that they
should receive a life sentence for
their alleged role in a robbery
that may have netted them $11.
After considering the mitigat-
ing circumstances surrounding
their case and the cost of car-
ing for one of the sisters who
is on dialysis, their sentence
has been commuted and they

are now on probation in
Pensacola but they
are out of prison.
Here in Florida, there
are least thousands of
/prisoners just like the
," Scott sisters who are
S serving sentences that
ALL are legally within the
statutory maximum, but that
are so lengthy that their sen-
tences become disproportion-
ate to the crimes that they have
committed. Some Florida legis-
lators suggest that to help re-
duce the prison population due
to over crowdedness and lack of
state funds, it would be better
for the protection of the pub-
lic to keep all violent offenders
locked up while creating other
alternatives to prison for non-
violent offenders. However, the
long sentences have made it
impossible for the prison doors

to open soon enough for non-
violent "violent offenders," and
the unwillingness of FDOC to
adjust its parole system has
thwarted the need to release
those inmates who have al-
ready been well-punished for
their crimes. Instead, all levels
of violent offenders remain in-
carcerated for long periods of
time while the criminal court
system is steadily shoving more
people in.
In response to this problem,
perhaps Florida legislators
could vote to implement a faith-
based program into FDOC that
is designed to help release in-
mates who have already spent
a considerable amount of years
(at least 15) incarcerated for
crimes that are deemed violent
by definition of the law, but
where no violence with regards
to the victim's person actually

Task Force Members

1 K _") -' 1-_ LL *

The program could be a
12-month learning experience
in which inmates who are eligi-
ble to enter the program would
attend classes that are based on
substance abuse, problem solv-
ing, job placement skills and
life skills management. Prayer
and spiritual dialogue would
periodically be implemented
into the daily course of study. It
would cost the state less to op-
erate the program than it would
to keep inmates in prison for
more years than necessary.
The current "lock'em up and
throw away the key" mentality
must come to an-end. There was
no chance of this happening
when chain-gang Charlie [Crist]
was in office, but maybe just
maybe, our new governor will
recognize the need of creating
such a program.

AttrneyLGeneral Lanny

Asisitant irector Steven'

lar~ine'z and' ~tlU.S.'

in Gl enda leCaifaot*
the fee!a idctetso

amlleged members of te

Armenian Gang suspects busted

By John R. Emshwiller

LOS ANGELES-Federal grand
juries indicted dozens of alleged
members and associates of a large
Armenian criminal gang on charg-
es involving kidnapping, extortion,
bank fraud and credit-card scams.
Justice Department officials
said the cases announced last
Wednesday illustrated the increas-
ing sophistication and reach of or-
ganized criminal groups involving
people with links to the former So-
viet Union and Eastern Bloc.
Two federal indictments in
Southern California charged 88
individuals, allegedly linked to a
criminal group called Armenian
Power, with racketeering and other
crimes, federal officials said. An-
other 11 individuals were charged
in related cases brought by the Los

Angeles County district attorney in
state court.
SSimilar federal criminal actions
were also filed last Wednesday in
Miami and Denver against more
than a dozen individuals, some
with links to Armenian Power,
charging them with extortion and
fraud offenses, U.S. officials said.
Hundreds of people were victim-
ized in the fraud schemes, federal
officials said. Among the alleged
scams: surreptitious installa-
tion of sophisticated credit-card
and debit-card scanning devices
at Southern California outlets of
a discount retail chain, 99 Cents
Only Stores. Financial information
retrieved from those "skimming"
devices was allegedly used to cre-
ate counterfeit cards. Officials said
losses totaled some $2 million.
In another alleged scheme, Ar-

menian Power members, working
with Black street gangs, bribed in-
siders at banks to get customer in-
formation, particularly for people
with large account balances. De-
fendants then allegedly assumed
the victims' identities, ordered
new checks in victims' names and
proceeded to use the checks to
steal from the accounts. Federal
officials said the fraud targeted el-
derly victims, and that losses were
at least $10 million.
About eight million identities
were stolen last year in the U.S.,
according to Javelin Strategy &
Research, a market-research firm
in Pleasanton, Calif.
Armenian Power, which be-
gan as a relatively small, South-
ern California street gang in the
1980s, has "evolved into a so-
phisticated organized-crime group

Somali pirate sentenced for U.S. ship raid

By Tom Hays

NEW YORK-A Somali pirate
who attacked a U.S.-flagged mer-
chant ship off the coast of Africa
in 2009 was sentenced recently
to more than 33 years in prison
by an emotional judge who said
a long sentence was necessary
to deter others and punish the
only survivor among a group of
pirates who "appeared to relish
their most depraved acts."
U.S. District Judge Loretta
A. Preska sometimes became
choked up as described the harm
Abdiwali Abdiqadir Muse brought
to the crew aboard a merchant
ship in the Indian Ocean.
She ordered Muse to serve 33
years and none months in pris-
on, rejecting a plea for leniency
by his defense lawyers.
The tense standoff that ensued
after Muse and his fellow pirates
held the captain of the Maersk
Alabama hostage after the April
8, 2009, attack ended when Navy
sharpshooters killed three of
Muse's men and freed the cap-
tain, Richard Phillips of Under-
hill, Vt.

Muse pleaded guilty last year to
federal charges in a prosecution
that was part of a stepped-up ef-
fort to stem a wave 21st-century
piracy using 19th-century mari-
time laws. Before he was sen-
tenced, Muse said he was "very
sorry for what I did."
"I got my hands into something
that was more powerful than

FBI agents escort the Soma-
lian pirate Abdiwali Abdiqadir
Muse into FBI headquarters in
New York.
me," Muse said through a trans-
Preska rejected Muse's at-
tempts to minimize or explain
away his involvement and she
noted that prosecutors had de-
scribed the pirates as experi-
enced, coordinated and ruthless.
"They appeared to relish even
their most depraved acts of phys-
ical and psychological violence,"
she said, noting that the pirates
had conducted a mock execution
of the captain during the several
days they held him hostage.
Before the sentence was an-
nounced, 44-year-old crew mem-
ber Colin Wright told the judge he
was "not the same person I used
to be and I never will be."

He complained that security
still has not been improved much
for ships traveling near Somalia.
"I'd like to see something done
about that," he said.
Late last year, a Virginia jury
found five other Somali men
guilty of exchanging gunfire with
a U.S. Navy ship off the coast of
Africa. Scholars called it the first
piracy case to go to trial since
1861 during the Civil War, when
a New York jury deadlocked on
charges against 13 Southern pri-

Aside from the novelty of his
case, Muse became a curiosity
because he defied swashbuck-
ler stereotypes: The boyish, five-
foot-two defendant had often
looked bewildered in court and
sometimes wept. Following his
capture, his lawyers insisted he
was 15 and should be tried as a
juvenile; prosecutors convinced a
judge he was at least 18.
The Maersk Alabama was
boarded by the pirates as it trans-
ported humanitarian supplies
about 280 miles off the coast of
Somalia, an impoverished East
African nation of about 10 mil-
lion people.
Muse was the first to board the
500-foot ship, firing his AK-47
assault rifle at the captain, pros-
ecutors said. He ordered Phillips
to halt the vessel and then held
him hostage on a sweltering,
enclosed lifeboat that was soon
shadowed by three U.S. warships
and a helicopter.

-- .,, T r ri L R
witl ties to criminal elements in
Armenia and Russia," as well as
U.S. gangs, such as the Mexican
Mafia, said U.S. Attorney Andre
Birotte Jr. in an interview last
Wednesday. Birotte, whose office
is handling the Los Angeles cases,
added that he hoped the indict-
ments would prove to be a major
step in "dismantling" this "very op-
portunistic" criminal organization.
The ability of Armenian Power
members to infiltrate retail outlets
and banks is a sign of their grow-
ing reach, Birotte said. He praised
officials from 99 Cents Only for
initially uncovering the alleged
fraud at their stores and then be-
ing "extremely cooperative" in the
federal investigation. He added
that the stores have installed new
protections against further such

Former North Miami Beach official charged in thefts
Martin King, a former North Miami Beach public services director, who steered
$2.3 million over 12 years to a company, owned by his wife, has agreed to plead
guilty for his involvement in a scheme that included the purchase of hundreds of
manholes that were never installed. As part of his plea, King has agreed to pay
more than $360,000 in restitution.
Police say two years after he was hired by the city, King began to steal and con-
tinued pilfering taxpayer dollars for 12 years before getting caught. A 10-month
long joint investigation found King billed the city for infrastructure improvements
that never happened.
During his 14 years employed by North Miami Beach, King, an engineer, signed-
off and approved projects with little or no insight according to investigators.

Armed nail salon robber sought by police
Police are Looking for an armed robber who stormed a busy nail salon, pointing a
gun at frightened customers and demanding they hand over their purses.
Surveillance video inside Nails By Jenny on the 700 block of Northeast 167
* Street on Valentine's Day shows the suspect walking into the store just after 5 p.m.
After picking up several purses, the suspect fled the store on foot. He was last
seen walking east on NE 167 Street.
The suspect is described as between 25-30 years old, with a thin built approxi-
mately 5'11." He was last seen wearing a black scully cap, black shirt with red
lettering and black jeans.
Anyone with information is urged to call Miami-Dade Crime Stoppers.

Pembroke Pines
Fifth suspect held in ID theft ring
Federal authorities have arrested the fifth suspect in an identity theft ring that
targeted patients at Holy Cross Hospital.
Jimmy Lee Theodore, 27, of Pembroke Pines, was taken into custody recently,
charged with using patients' stolen identities to obtain debit cards, authorities
The Inspection Service learned of the identity theft ring in May, when post office
employees noticed debit card mailings to a number of people were being sent to
the same house in Pembroke Pines, according to court records.
Investigators who went to the home found many pieces of mail addressed to
a variety of names, as well as Holy Cross Hospital patient records, provided by
a former emergency room clerk. The home belonged to Theodore's girlfriend who
has not been charged, court records show.
As a precaution, Holy Cross sent letters to 44,000 patients who visited the emer-
gency room from April 2009 to September 2010, warning them to make sure their
personal information is not misused.

Miramar police seek pair in lottery fraud
Police are looking for a man and a woman who, officials say, approached a
70-year-old woman at Publix and told her they could not claim a winning lottery
ticket because they are undocumented residents.
On Jan. 21, police say the encounter which began at 6890 Miramar Parkway,
continued on a trip to a Best Buy store in Pembroke Pines.
The pair wanted the victim to prove she had good credit, Miramar police spokes-
womanTania Rues said.
Using her credit card, the elderly victim purchased laptops worth $3,500 for the
duo before they-drove lherback-toPublix, poticesaid .., ,i ,i:,.J
Officials are asking anyone with information about the incident to contact Bro-
ward County Crime Stoppers.

Gov. says he won't denounce KKK leader

By Emily Wagster Pettus
Associated Press

JACKSON, Mississippi -
Mississippi Gov. Haley Bar-
bour says he won't denounce a
Southern heritage group's pro-
posal for a state-issued license
plate to honor Confederate Gen.
Nathan Bedford Forrest, who
was an early leader of the Ku
Klux Klan.
Barbour is a potential 2012
Republican presidential candi-

Questioned by reporters re-
cently in Jackson, Barbour said
he doesn't think Mississippi leg-
islators will approve the Forrest
license plate proposed by the
Sons of Confederate Veterans.
The group wants the car tag in
2014 as part of a series of Civil
War license plates.
Derrick Johnson, president of
Mississippi's National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Col-
ored People branch, has called
on Barbour to denounce the li-
cense plate idea.



-L~ F~as~_-- I a



Overtown residents want Dorsey Library reopened

But can historical importance outweigh rehab costs?

By Jimmie Davis, Jr.
Miami Times reporter

The prospects of reopening the
Dorsey Memorial Library may be
dim but that still hasn't dis-
couraged residents of Overtown
from their attempts to bring the
city-owned property back to life.
Adrean Lans, 43, is spear-
heading a move to revive the
library with a curriculum that
would include an after-school
"I want to fix it up myself and
have it reopened to run an af-
ter-school program to keep kids
occupied and out of trouble,"
Lans said. "The library would
provide a great service to the
According to Lans, while he
has made several attempts to
have the library reopened, he
has been met with stiff opposi-
tion from the City of Miami. He
has even submitted a budget to

get the project off the ground
but so far the City has declined
from moving forward.
In 1999, then-Miami-Dade
County Commissioner Barbara
Carey-Schuler nudged the li-
brary staff and Dana Dorsey
Chapman [daughter of D.A.
Dorsey for whom the library is
named], to discuss the possibil-
ity of reopening the library. The
meeting was unsuccessful and
fell on deaf ears, presumably be-
cause of the financial challenges
County Commissioner and
Vice Chairwoman Audrey Ed-
monson says she understands
the important role libraries
serve in society. She added that
the library system continues to
operate the Culmer/Overtown
Branch Library in Overtown and
that there are concerns over
opening another branch in such
close proximity.
"The library has had to pull

back on plans for new facilities
and other related projects due
to state and locally mandated
reductions in our millage rates,"
she said. "The [Dorsey Library]
project and discussions with the
City have fallen into a state of
limbo. Funding such a library
that was not part of the library's
Capital plan are at this time dim
to say the least."
However it has been confirmed
that since those initial meetings,
$50,000 has been identified in
the form of General Obligation
Bonds [GOB] that was used to
repair the roof and secure the
building. Edmonson says that
while the Dorsey Memorial Li-
brary has an historic element
attached to it, it would need to
function in capacity outside of
the norm since the area already
has one library in operation.
With Phyllis Wheatley and
Douglas Elementary Schools
both in the neighborhood, Over-

town resident Lola Allen won-
ders why Dorsey Library has re-
mained closed for so long. She
says Dorsey needs to reopen
because the Culmer/Overtown
Library is inconvenient for Over-
town residents.
"Yes we need a library in Over-
town," Alien said. "The kids have
to go all the way downtown to
use the library."
Her son, Willie Jones, 14, says

never have enough libraries.
"I'm for anything that furthers
the advancement of education,"
he said.
Howard Watts, 65, agrees with
Dunn and says there needs to
be a library in Overtown. He
marvels at how the city, coun-
ty and certain developers have
come into Overtown and fixed
up various parts of his commu-
nity but have failed to support

The origi nsSfOhe Dorseyibrryatebac

he likes to visit the library to
read books and get on the com-
puter to assist him with his class
work. Miami-Dade. City Com-
missioner Richard P. Dunn, II
says he is excited to hear about
the prospects of reopening the
Dorsey branch, adding one can

the reopening of the landmark
building. "These people are do-
ing things they've never done
before," Watts said. "They fixed
up the park but we also need a
library. I always use the library
to study and read books."
The origins of the Dorsey Li-

brary date back to 1936 when
the Dunbar Library was found-
ed by the Friendship Garden
and Civic Club. In 1938, it was
incorporated into the city of Mi-
ami Library System. In 1941, a
new building named the Dors-
ey Memorial Park Library was
dedicated, thus becoming the
first city-owned building built
expressly for library purpos-
es. In 1961, Dorsey Memo-
rial Branch moved to the Dixie
Park area and was renamed
the Dixie Park Branch [350
NW 13th Street]. In 1983, the
County Commission changed
the name to Culmer/Overtown
as it remains today. Lans says
that Dorsey donated the prop-
erty to the city of Miami for the
development of a library now
the building is closed down and
abandoned. He says that if the
City of Miami doesn't use the
property for the purpose for
which it was intended, that ac-
cording to the deed, the acre-
age must be returned back to
Dorsey's heirs.

Washington: The 'Blackest name' in America

By Jesse Washington
Associated Press

George Washington's name is in-
separable from America, and not
only from the nation's history. It
identifies, countless streets, build-
ings, mountains, bridges, monu-
ments, cities -and people.
In a puzzling twist, most of these
people are Black. The 2000 U.S.
Census counted 163,036 people
with the surname Washington.
Ninety percent of them were Black,
a far higher Black percentage than
for any other common name.
The story of how Washington be-
came the "Blackest name" begins
with slavery and takes a sharp
turn after the Civil War, when all
Blacks were allowed the dignity of
a surname.
Even before Emancipation, many
enslaved Black people chose their
own surnames to establish their
identities. Afterward, somea-listo, L
rians theorize, large numbers of
Blacks chose the name Washing-
ton in the process of asserting their
Today there are Black Washing-
tons, like this writer, who are often
identified as Black by people they
have never met. There are white
Washingtons who are sometimes
misidentified and have felt discrim-
ination. There are Washingtons of
both races who view the name as a
special if complicated gift.
And there remains the presence
of George, born 278 years ago on
Feb. 22, whose complex relation-
ship with slavery echoes in the
Blackness of his name today.
George Washington's great-
grandfather, John, arrived in Vir-
ginia from England in 1656. John
married the daughter of a wealthy
man and eventually owned more
than 5,000 acres, according to the
new biography "Washington: A
Life," by Ron Chernow.
Along with land, George inherited
10 human beings from his father.

He gained more through his mar-
riage to a wealthy widow, and pur-
chased still more enslaved Blacks
to work the lands he aggressively
amassed. But over the decades, as
he recognized slavery's contradic-
tion with the freedoms of the new
nation, Washington grew opposed
to human bondage.
Yet "slaves were the basis of his
fortune," and he would not part
with them, Chernow said in an in-
Washington was not a harsh sla-
veowner by the standards of the
time. He provided good food and
medical care. He recognized mar-
riages and refused to sell off indi-
vidual family members. Later in life
he resolved not to purchase any
more Black people.
But he also worked his slaves
quite hard, and under difficult con-
ditions. As president, he shuttled
them between his Philadelphia res-
idence and4Vi;giniaestate topeadei,
a law that freed any slave residing
in Pennsylvania for six months.
While in Philadelphia, Oney
Judge, Martha Washington's maid,
moved about the city and met many
free Blacks. Upon learning Martha
was planning one day to give her
to an ill-tempered granddaughter,
Judge disappeared.
According to Chernow's book,
Washington abused his presiden-
tial powers and asked the Treasury
Department to kidnap Judge from
her new life in New Hampshire. The
plot was unsuccessful.
"Washington was leading this
schizoid life," Chernow said in the
interview. "In theory and on paper
he was opposed to slavery, but he
was still zealously tracking and
seeking to recover his slaves who
In his final years on his Mount
Vernon plantation, Washington
said that "nothing but the rooting
out of slavery can.perpetuate the
existence of our union."
This led to extraordinary instruc-

tions in his will that all 124 of his
slaves should be freed after the
death of his wife. The only excep-
tion was the slave who was at his
side for the entire Revolutionary
War, who was freed immediately.
Washington also ordered that the
younger Black people be educated
or taught a trade, and he provided
a fund to care for the sick or aged.
"This is a man who travels an
immense distance," Chernow said.
In contrast with other Founding
Fathers, Chernow said, Washing-
ton's will indicates "that he did
have a vision of a future biracial
Twelve American presidents
were slaveowners, including eight
while in office. Washington is the
only one who set his Black people
It's a myth that most enslaved
Blacks bore the last name of their
owner. Only a handful of George
Washington's hundreds of slaves
did, for example, and he recorded
most as having just a first name,
says Mary Thompson, the histo-
rian at Mount Vernon.
Still, historian Henry Wiencek
says many enslaved Blacks had
surnames that went unrecorded
or were kept secret. Some chose
names as a mark of community
identity, he says, and that com-
munity could be the plantation of
a current or recent owner.

Some lawmakers say it's time to cut their pay

By Rob Hotakainen

Murray (D-WA) says it's time to
end the practice of giving auto-
matic pay raises to members of
Congress, who currently earn a
minimum of $174,000 a year.
Some members say it's time
for a pay cut: Rep. Adam Smith
(D-WA) backs a five percent re-
duction, while Republican Rep.
Mike Coffman of

Colorado says it
should be 10 per-
Republican Rep.
Scott Rigell of Vir-
ginia has taken
matters into his
own hands, declin-


ing the federal government's
health care coverage and re-
turning 15 percent of his salary.
With the economy still reeling
in much of the nation, members
of Congress are eager to show
that they're in touch with the
economic pain of their constitu-
That's not necessarily an easy
thing to do: Nearly half of them
are millionaires.
But so far, at least seven pay-
related bills have been intro-
duced in the new Congress, and
at least 55 members are push-
ing the legislation.
"At a time when so many
American families are strug-

gling, the last thing Congress
should be doing is giving our-
selves raises we need to
continue our focus on putting
workers back on the job," said
Congress decided to make its
pay raises automatic in 1989,
giving legislators a way to avoid
tough votes that could hurt
them when they run for re-elec-
tion. Since then, congressional
salaries have nearly doubled,
though Congress blocked raises
for itself in 2010 and 2011.
The bills to repeal automatic
pay raises are the most popular
this year, attracting 29 co-spon-
Republican Sen. Chuck
Grassley of Iowa, a co-sponsor,
said that if members of Con-
gress think they deserve a raise,
"they should have the guts to
vote publicly for it."
Coffman said his bill to re-
duce congressional pay by 10
percent would save the federal
government more than $5.5 bil-
lion. The bill to reduce pay by
five percent was introduced by
Democratic Rep. Gabrielle Gif-
fords of Arizona only two days
before she was shot in Tucson
last month.
Rigell isn't waiting for Con-
gress to act. Last week, he wrote
a letter to House officials asking
not to receive benefits given to
all members, including health

insurance, dental and vision in-
surance, long-term care insur-
ance, life insurance and retire-
ment benefits.
Rigell was told that he couldn't
unilaterally reduce his salary.
So he set up a plan that will al-
low him to return 15 percent of
his salary to the U.S. Treasury
via payroll deduction.
Another bill, introduced by
Florida Republican Rep. Vern Bu-
chanan, would prevent members
from getting any pay raise until
the federal budget is balanced.
Buchanan noted that the current
share of the national debt is now
$44,866 for every man, woman
and child in the country.
"Every family in America has
to live within its means. Why
should the federal government be
any different?" asked Buchanan,
a member of the House Ways and
Means Committee. "Until Con-
gress gets spending under con-
trol, it doesn't deserve a salary
In 1789, members of Congress
were paid $6, a day. Their pay
rose from $75,100 a year in 1985
to $162,100 in 2005, before hit-
ting its current level of $174,000
in 2009.
Leadership positions pay more.
This year, House Speaker John
Boehner of Ohio will receive
$223,500, while the majority
and minority leaders will earn

"Keep in mind that after the Civil
War, many of the big planters con-
tinued to be extremely powerful fig-
ures in their regions, so there was
an advantage for a freed person to
keep a link to a leading white fam-
ily," says Wiencek, author of "An
Imperfect God: George Washing-
ton, His Slaves, and the Creation
of America."

Sometimes Blacks used the sur-
name of the owner of their oldest
known ancestor as a way to main-
tain their identity. Melvin Patrick
Ely, a College of William and Mary
professor who studies the history
of Blacks in the South, says some
West African cultures placed high
value on ancestral villages, and the
American equivalent was the plan-
tation where one's ancestors had
Last names also.could have been
plucked out of thin air. Booker T.
Washington, one of the most fa-
mous' Blacks of the post-slavery
period, apparently had two of
He was a boy when Emancipa-
tion freed him from a Virginia plan-
tation. After enrolling in school,
he noticed other children had last
names, while the only thing he had
ever been called was Booker.
"So, when the teacher asked me
what my full name was, I calmly

told him, 'Booker Washington,'"
he wrote in his autobiography,
"Up from Slavery." Later in life,
he found out that his mother had
named him "Booker Taliaferro" at
birth, so he added a middle name.
He gives no indication why the
name Washington popped into
his head. But George Washing-
ton, dead. for only 60-odd years,
had immense fame and respect at
the time. His will had been widely
published in pamphlet form, and it
was well known that he had freed
his slaves, Thompson says.
Did enslaved people feel inspired
by Washington and take his name
in tribute, or were they seeking
some benefits from the associa-
tion? Did newly freed people take
the name as a mark of devotion to
their country?
"We just don't know," Weincek

But the connection is too strong

Great ideas can
start anywhere

Knight Foundation is
investing $40 million to bring
South Florida together
through the arts. The contest
is for everyone established
arts institutions, artists,
businesses, service
organizations or individuals.

No idea is too large or too small,
as long as it follows 3 basic rules:

* Your idea is about the arts.

H Your project takes place in
or benefits South Florida.

SYou find other funding to match
the Knight Foundation grant.

el us your


or te r i

South F~orlida
{,"llI ill!!A

Knight Arts
Town Hall Meeting

February 23
5:30 p.m.

Little Haiti
Cultural Center
212 260 NE 59 Terrace

Apply at

from Feb.7 -Mar, 2, 2011

F John S. and James L.
" 'Knight Foundation
Informed and engaged communities.




Chinese to build $3.4 billion Bahamas resort

2,250 room

hotel complex

will cover 1,ooo


By Ungling Wei And
Alexandra Berzon

In 2008, when Harrah's En-
tertainment Inc. pulled out of a
multibillion-dollar casino resort
in Nassau, a Bahamas devel-
opment company scrambled to
find investors and financing to
rescue it. Three years later, the
Chinese rolled the dice.
Recently, Baha Mar Resorts
Ltd. broke ground on the $3.4
billion hotel, casino and resort
project. Its unlikely partners:
China State Construction En-
gineering Corp., the country's
largest construction company
by revenue, and the Export-
Import Bank of China, a state-
owned bank with the mission to
help Chinese companies expand
"They were extremely aggres-
sive about wanting to be in the
project," said Don Robinson,
president of Baha Mar. "It will
help China State Construction
prove to the world that they can
build a very complex project
outside China."
The Bahamas project, the
largest property to be built and
partly owned by a Chinese com-
pany outside of China, under-
scores the push into'overseas
markets by Chinese firms. Bei-
ji g has been encouraging Chi-
nese companies to go abroad
to help diversify the country's
$2.85 trillion foreign-exchange

China's national swim center in Beijing, dubbed the "Water
Cube," was built by China State Construction.

An artist's rendering of the Bahamas resort

reserves and reduce its reliance
on the U.S. dollar.
Chinese banks, providing
hard-to-find financing, are
helping to make such big bets
abroad, especially on cheap real
estate and infrastructure proj-
ects amid a recovering economy.
In the Bahamas, the Export-
Import Bank of China is provid-
ing a $2.5 billion loan, which
it intends to syndicate to other
Chipese banks. In exchange,
China State Construction will
import as many as 8,000 Chi-
nese workers to build the resort.
China State Construction also
will make a $150 million equity
investment in the project, with
the rest, $800 million, coming

from Baha Mar.

But as more Chinese entities
seek to raise their profile over-
seas, they expose Western com-
panies to bureaucratic pitfalls.
The Chinese operations still are
largely state-owned concerns
that are subject, to government
approval. Some U.S. partners
have privately complained
about China's red tape and a
long and opaque decision-mak-
ing process.
"It's not as black and white
as a Western negotiation," said
Robinson of Baha Mar. "It takes
a lot of relationship building."
China State Construction is
known for building many of the

great public works in China,
such as the new national swim
center in Beijing dubbed the
"Water Cube." It opened its first
overseas office in Kuwait in the
late 1970s and came to the U.S.
in the 1980s.
But North American projects
initially were related to Chinese
corporate or government inter-
ests. Only recently has the com-
pany expanded to include local
projects such as the renova-
tion of the Alexander Hamilton
Bridge, between Manhattan and
the Bronx, and a new Metro-
North train platform at Yankee
The Bahamas project is the
construction company's first of

several partnerships in North
America with the export-import
bank. The two also are bidding
to rebuild the Goethals Bridge
connecting New Jersey to Staten
Island, N.Y., according to people
familiar with the matter. If they
are awarded the $1 billion proj-.
ect, the bank would finance
construction, and get repaid
over time by the Port Authority
of New York and New Jersey.
The Chinese have had false
starts in North America before.
In the fall of 2009, the export-
import bank cut a tentative deal
to provide about $1 billion in fi-
nancing for the stalled Revel ca-
sino in Atlantic City, N.J., which
was controlled by Morgan Stan-
ley. In exchange, the developer
would have agreed to employ
the Chinese construction com-
pany. $jut the deal fell through
after Morgan Stanley pulled the
plug. Under a different financ-
ing plan, the Revel project is set
to restart construction soon.

The 1,000-acre Bahamas
project envisions some 2,250
hotel rooms, a 100,000-square-
foot casino and an 18-hole golf
When the Chinese first got in-
terested in the project in 2007,
there were plenty of financing
options for Baha Mar, which is
controlled by the Swiss Izmirlian
family, who live in the Bahamas
and own properties in London.
China Construction's best hope
at the time was to win the role
of contractor, said Yuan Ning,
chairman and president of the
company's U.S. subsidiary.
But then came March 2008
and Harrah's, now Caesars En-
tertainment Corp., terminated
its joint-venture agreement with
Baha Mar..Caesars declined
to comment. Amid the fingn-
cial crisis, Yuan saw the need,
as well as the opportunity, to
sweep in. "We had spent more
than a year preparing for the
bids," he said.

BP says spill settlement terms are too generous

By John Schwartz

''i t ie" eight months since
Kenneth R. Feinberg took over
the $20 billion fund to com-
pensate victims of the Gulf of
Mexico oil spill, he has been at-
tacked by many of those filing
claims and by coastal state poli-
ticians who argue that the pro-
cess is opaque, arbitrary and
slow. Many of them have also
argued that Feinberg's recently
published estimates of future
damage to those in the gulf are
too optimistic, and thus his of-
fer of compensation in a final
settlement is too low.
Now he is getting complaints
from another quarter: BP.
The oil giant is arguing that if
anything, Feinberg's proposed
settlements are too generous.
The planned payments far ex-
ceed the extent of likely future
damages because they over-
state the potential for future
losses, the company insists in a
strongly worded 24-page docu-
ment that was posted on the
fund's Web site recently.
Basing its estimates on much
of the same data Feinberg used,
the company concluded that
there was "no credible support
for adopting an artificially high
future loss factor based purely
on the inherent degree of un-
certainty in predicting, the fu-
ture and on the mere possibility
that future harm might occur."

END OF 2011
Feinberg released the rules
that will govern final settle-
ments this month. In general,
the program announced, set-
tlements paid out by the fund
would be double the 2010
losses for most of those filing
claims, less any "money previ-
ously paid by the fund.
That payout plan is based on
estimates of environmental and
economic recovery for the re-


-Patrick Semansky/Ass
Kenneth R. Feinberg, the administrator of the BP oil spill fund, in January at a meeting in
Isle, La. He has been criticized by residents, and now by BP, for his handling of the fund.

gion commissioned by Feinberg
'that were published with the
new rules: while the fund stated
"prediction is not an exact sci-
ence," it suggested a gulf recov-
ery by the end of 2012.
BP argues in its filing that
the Feinberg estimate vastly
overstates the likely damage,
which it places in the range of
just 25 percent to 50 percent of
a claimants' 2010 losses. The
company noted that almost all
of the closed fishing grounds
had reopened, and economic
recovery in tourism was well
under way, with hotel and sales
tax revenues in the fall of 2010
similar to those from the same
period in the year before.
Feinberg, appointed last
June by BP and approved by
the Obama administration, has
given out more than $3.5 billion
so far in emergency money. So
far, some 100,000 people have
filed for a final settlement. An
additional 90,000 have opted
to take a quick-pay process
that settles all claims with a
payment of $5,000 to individu-

als and $25,000 to businesses.
Final payments will begin af-
ter .the two-week public com-
ment period, which ended last

The comments can be read
at www.gulfcoastclaimsfacility.
com, the fund's Web site. Many
are detailed critiques of the
fund methodology, while others
are raw cries for aid, like the
one filed on Feb. 16 that reads,
in its entirety: "We need help
now! We have not been paid in
8 months. I have a mortgage,
car payment, utilities, and a
child. I'm close to losing my
home and I pray that you fig-
ure out everything before I lose
everything. We are people with
real lives! This has been a hor-
ror for my family."
The BP filing says that un-
certainty about the persistence
of damage to the gulf could be
handled through mechanisms
already in place. Those who
believe that Feinberg's meth-
odology underestimates future

Methane gas another threat from

By Kate Spinner

Methane, the volatile gas that
triggered the explosion of the BP
Deepwater Horizon oil rig last
April, made up at least a third of
the total volume of material dis-
charged into the Gulf of Mexico
during the three-month disaster.
While the crude oil received all
the attention, methane was large-
ly overlooked as a component of
the spill, despite its potential to

also cause environmental dam-
As scientists try to figure out
how much methane was released,
the fate of the gas has become
somewhat controversial. A report
in Nature Geoscience recently
tried to estimate the amount of
methane released 260,000 to
500,000 tons. The research sets a
higher figure compared to previ-
ous studies, and calls into ques-
tion earlier assertions that bacte-

ria consumed all the gas released.
By the highest estimates, the
burst rig pumped more than six
million barrels of oil about
800,000 tons into the Gulf of
Mexico between late last April
and mid-July, according to the
Nature Geoscience report. There
are 42 gallons in a barrel.
During the same period, as
much as 500,000 tons of gas
- with an energy equivalent of
more than three million barrels

losses can wait and see how
well or poorly the gulf recov-
ers over time, and can continue
to file for quarterly reimburse-
ment for documented losses.
BP noted that Feinberg pledged
to review the likelihood of fu-
ture losses on a regular basis
and the ability of those filing
claims to receive interim pay-
ments that "amply protect
claimants against any risk that
the future losses factor may ul-
timately turn out to have un-
derestimated the time to full

This very public disagree-
ment between BP and the ad-
ministrator of its fund would
seem to undercut the other ma-
jor attack on Feinberg. Lawyers
for those suing BP have alleged
that Feinberg, while claiming to
be independent of BP, is actual-
ly working in the oil company's
In a response this month to
a complaint filed by those law-
yers, Judge Carl J. Barbier of

BP oil spill
of oil may have also escaped
into the Gulf of Mexico, based on
the well's reservoir capacity.
Methane and other gases re-
leased during the spill are a con-
cern because they can disrupt
the balance of life in the Gulf,
and persist for years in the cold,
deep sea environment. In addi-
tion to feeding the growth of bac-
teria, the substance which dis-
solves in water can be toxic to
sea life.

Federal' District Court in New
r -.---.. Orleans, who is overseeing the
'- fedB %'aP Adifts wbtd fehat' Pdiri-'
berg should not refer to himself
as fully independent of BP, that
S he must make clear to potential
Slitigants that he is "acting for
and on behalf of BP in fulfill-
ing its legal obligations." Judge
Barbier called the relationship
between Feinberg and the com-
pany a kind of hybrid, with
Feinberg neither an employee
nor fully neutral. The company,
he noted, does not control eval-
uation of individual claims, but
appointed Feinberg and pays
him a flat fee. The judge did not
order any substantive change
in, the way Feinberg conducts
the fund.
sociated Press
And neither, in its filing, does
~RP h ulaLtoounaixr iou nni

Dr. llte statementCII gIVes n i n-
dication that BP plans to inter-
cede in the process it handed
off to Feinberg, and BP is ex-

pected to abide by his decision,
albeit grudgingly. The company
Wibote fh1 it' 'espet fuP i-f
quests" that Feinberg revise the
rules "consistent with the com-
ments set forth above."
A leading critic of BP in Con-
gress reacted angrily to the
news of BP's complaint. Rep-
resentative Edward J. Markey,
Democrat of Massachusetts, is-
sued a statement recently that
"BP made errors in judgment
that led to this oil spill, and
now they've made another error
in judgment by going after the
very people their spill harmed;"
he said. James P. Roy, liaison
counsel to the lawyers suing
BP, said, "For all its bloviating,
BP has clearly learned nothing
from this disaster, shamelessly
trying to avoid accountability at
all costs."
When asked about BP's state-
ment, Feinberg said, "We read
every submission and take
them all under advisement."




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County mayor says he will "fight until the end"
Alvare belies he people still s t him await the recall to relieve Al- "The people of Miami-Dade
Alvarez believes he people still support him varez of his duties he said he County in 2004 elected me

By Randy Grice
rgrice@miamirimesonline .om

In the midst of adversity,
Carlos Alvarez. mayor of V-
ami-Dade County, continue
to fight for his elected por-
tion. Despite an increase i
negative publc opinion he stl
believes that he is doing tl
best he can for the County. 1
recently filed a second lawsuit
to stop the March 15th recd
election so far the electia
remains scheduled.
"I want to make one point
clear: None of my legal cha-
lenges have slowed or stopped

the process," he said. "As the
people of Miami-Dade Coun-
ty know all too well, there is
nothing more sacred in our
democracy than a fair and
honest electoral process. Un-
fortunately, in recent weeks,
that process has been called
into question in the form of
countless reports of a flawed
paid signature-gathering ef-
fort that cut too many corners
and may have violated the
Alvarez also delivered a state
of the county address that is
widely regarded as a last ap-
peal or farewell speech for

Alvarez. However, Alvarez dis-
agrees with that perception.
'The state of the county ad-
dress is the traditional, annu-
al message that highlights the
accomplishments of the past,
the progress we have made
and where our government
is headed," he said. "This
year's speech was no differ-
ent. However, I am mindful
that there is a chance that
plans for the year ahead may
not be put into place be-
cause of the upcoming elec-
tion. This uncertainty and
possible political instability
is not good for our govern-

Miami-Dade County Mayor
ment or our community."
While some citizens may

continue to fight because it
is his calling.
"For me, the office of may-
or is the culmination of a life
spent serving my neighbors,"
he said. "I have dedicated
my life to public services and
this community working ev-
ery day to make the place I
call home something better
than it was yesterday. It is
about creating and sustain-
ing the community, our chil-
dren and our grandchildren."
Even as the March 15th re-
call election approaches. Al-
varez says he has no plan to

to do a job and re-elected me
again in 2008, to govern to
the best of my ability under
some very extraordinary cir-
cumstances," he said. "I have
served this community faith-
fully and loyally throughout
my term in office. I am not
accused of corruption or
criminal wrongdoing."
He adds that should he re-
tain his office, he will exude
a more transparent attitude
about governing.
"I need to a better job of
communicating, explaining,
my recommendations and
listening," he said.


What's the truth about the Muslim Brotherhood?

By Bruce Riedel

The revolution in Egypt is :
tsunami in Islamic politics. Th,
toppling of Hosni Mubarak wi]
raise expectations and' fear:
from Morocco to Indonesia
At the center of many of thesis
hopes and concerns is the role
of Egypt's oldest and best orga
nized political party, the Muslin
Brotherhood, or Ikhwan, whicl
is certain to play an important
role in how Egypt evolves afte:
Mubarak. Is it a radical revolu
tionary party inherently oppose
to American interests, or is it
reformed Islamist party read,
to play by democratic rules an(
work with America? Will Egyp
become another Iran or a Tur
The short answer is Egypt wil
be its own model and the Broth
erhood will play a unique role ii
creating that model. Founded iz
1928 as an Islamic fundamen
talist party dedicated to fight
ing the British occupation o
Egypt, the Brotherhood spread
acrosijtle Arab wyprld land be
yond. Today it has branches i:
many other Muslim countries

especially in the Palestinian
territories and Jordan. At first
it engaged in terror and assas-
sination, even raising an army
to fight Israel in the 1948 war.
Its ideologues in the 1950s and
1960s wrote extreme anti-Amer-
ican polemics and called for vio-
lent revolutions.
Suppressed by Mubarak and
his predecessors, Gamal Nasser
and Anwar Sadat, the Brother-
hood abandoned violence in the
1970s and '80s and committed
itself to peaceful political change
in Egypt. It organized clinics,
schools and bookstores for the
poor and participated in the
rigged elections Mubarak toler-
ated. It committed itself to dia-
logue and change, not violence
and one-party rule or rule by a
clerical supreme leader.

The Brotherhood was slow to
join the demonstrations in Tah-
rir Square and the rest of Egypt
last month, but once it did com-
mit to the movement to oust
Mubarak, its role was critical.
The Brotherhood provided orga-
nization, and its turnout of dem-

-By Patrick Baz, AFP/Getty Images
Egyptian anti-government protesters belonging to the Muslim
Brotherhood movement and their children sit in Cairo's Tahrir
square on Saturday.

onstrators gave the originally
very secular opposition a broad-
er base in Egyptian society.
But it has also tried hard to be
a team player. It has promised
to work with other secular par-
ties and has already promised
it will not run its own candidate

for president when elections are
held to replace Mubarak.
The Ikhwan's fiercest critic
is al-Qaeda, and especially its
Egyptian leader Ayman el-Za-
wahri, who was once a member
of the Brotherhood but broke
with it decades ago. Al-Qaeda

hates the Brotherhood because
it represents everything al-
Qaeda is not a mass-based
movement with a political pro-
gram that rejects violence. The
triumph of the Egyptian revolu-
tion is a dramatic setback for
al-Qaeda because it shows that
change can come in the Arab
world through politics instead
of jihadist violence. Twitter, not
terror, worked. Zawahri, usu-
ally quick to comment on every
event in the world, has been
silent about the toppling of
Mubarak. That is in part a tes-
timony to the drones flying over
his lair in Pakistan, but it is also
a function of al-Qaeda's rage at
being left behind by its rival, the
Brotherhood, in the future of
This isn't to say that the Ikh-
wan is surely free from extrem-
ists within its ranks. Indeed, as
the new Egypt evolves, Islamists
might try to steer the Brother-
hood back toward its violent
roots. Even so, this group can-
not be ignored, and engaging
the Ikhwan will help us find out
whether dangerous elements
are hiding behind the screen.

If the transition in Egypt leads
to a national unity government
or a broad-based coalition of
parties backed by the army, the
Brotherhood will probably play
a role. If there are genuinely
free and fair elections, it could
secure a sizable bloc of the vote,
although probably not a major-
ity. It could be a player at the ta-
ble of Egyptian decision-making
like never before.
Its agenda will focus on Is-
lamist concerns, such as ensur-
ing a central role for Islamic law
in the judicial process and an Is-
lamist educational system. But
there are significant constraints
on what the Brotherhood can
do in Egypt. The Coptic Chris-
tian community will press for
its rights. The tourism indus-
try, Egypt's most vital source of
foreign exchange, will not want
to drive away Westerners with
laws that scare foreign visitors
to the pyramids and the Sinai
beaches. Brotherhood leaders
have said that they don't want
an Iranian-style extremist re-
gime in Egypt. Now we should
test their sincerity by engaging

Egyptian groups bash military rulers'

Women complain al-male panel shuts

out 'half of society'

The Associated Press

CAIRO Egypt's new mil:
tary rulers came under crit:
cism recently from opposition:
leaders as well as from yout:
and women's groups for wha
they say is a failure to mak
decisions openly and include
a larger segment of society.
"The short transitional pe
riod ... threatens to throw th,
country back in the arms o
the forces of the old regime,
Mohamed ElBaradei said. "T<
prolong the transitional peri
od without popular participa
tion threatens to throw it bacl
in the arms of dictatorship."
More than 60 women',
and community groups con
demned the military pane
that is running the cbuntrn
following the resignation o

President Hosni Mubarak,
saying it is ah all-male group
that "excludes half of society."
"This casts doubt on the
future of democratic trans-
formation in Egypt after the
revolution, and raises ques-
tions about ... whether the
revolution was seeking to free
the whole society or only cer-
tain segments," the statement
As youth groups and poli-
ticians jockeyed for a role
in shaping Egypt's political
future, the military coun-
cil again called for an end to
strikes and protests that con-
tinued for a fourth straight
day, virtually shutting down
the country.
"We urge citizens and mem-
bers of professional and labor
unions to go back to their po-

sitions, and each play their
part," the military said in a
text message sent to Egyptian
Meanwhile, Egypt-inspired
unrest spread elsewhere:
Libya's longtime dictator
Moammar Gadhafi sent riot
police against protesters in the
second-largest city of Beng-
hazi who demanded his oust-
er. Gadhafi, who came to pow-
er in a 1969 coup, proposed to
double government employees'
salaries and release 110 al-
leged Islamist militants.
In the Yemeni port of Aden,
police fired on protesters de-
manding the resignation of
President Ali Abdullah Saleh,
who has been in power for 32
years. Two people were killed.
Iranian opposition leader
Mehdi Karroubi said he was
willing to "pay any price" in
pursuit of democratic change.
"I declare that I am not afraid
of any threat," said Karroubi,

who has been under house ar-
In Bahrain, riot police fir-
ing tear gas and rubber bullets
stormed a main square today
in the capital of Manama, de-
stroying an encampment set
up by tens of thousands of
anti-government protesters.
The main opposition group Al
Wefaq said at least two people
were killed in the pre-dawn as-
Iran is about to send two
warships through the Suez Ca-
nal for the first time in years,
said Israeli Foreign Minister
Avigdor Lieberman, who called
it a "provocation." State Depart-
ment spokesman P.J. Crowley
confirmed the presence of the
ships in the area of the canal
but would not say whether that
was considered provocative.
"There are two ships in the
Red Sea," he said. "What their
intention is, what their desti-
nation is, I can't say."

Uganda carries out peaceful elections
By Jeffrey Gettleman & Josh Kron ..A ., V J .,i- 9' .

KAMPALA, Uganda The bal
lot looked like a rebus puzzle
with pictures of a bicycle, a boon
box, a key, a soccer ball, a yellow
rose, a giraffe, a hoe all color
ful symbols for Uganda's various
political parties. Moses Kibwam
a carpenter and the father of 15
stood there in his swamp boot
on Friday morning, cast a quic
look over them and then stampe
his thumb onto the paper.
"I'm voting for change," he saic
Kibwami, along with mar,
others here in Uganda's capital
voted for the leading opposition
candidate, Kizza Besigye, who ;
trying to unseat President Yowe
Museveni, in power for the pa:
25 years. But while the oppose
tion has made some inroads in)
urban areas, Museveni was ru'-
ning strong in the countryside,
where the vast majority of Uga-
da's voters live.
This country of about 33 m-
lion people is holding preside-

-Todd Heisler/The New YorkTimes
Election officials counted ballots in the Lubaga section of the
Ugandan capital, Kampala, last Friday evening.

tial and parliamentary elections,
and the voting mostly seemed to
proceed in an orderly, albeit slow,
fashion on Friday, with millions
flocking to the polls starting at
the crack of dawn.
There were a few sporadic flare-
ups of violence, with at least one
person killed and several injured
in confrontations between oppo-

sition and governing party sup-
porters. In one episode in eastern
Uganda, witnesses said that gov-
ernment soldiers opened fire on
the convoy of a popular opposi-
tion politician, wounding 10. The
day before, a campaign worker
was beaten to death by rivals,
leading to the arrest of a candi-
date for Parliament.




Questions remain unanswered in police-involved shooting

continued from 1A

a celebration in word and song.
Throughout the funeral, family
members and friends contin-
ued to rise to their feet, some
in praise, others overwhelmed
by the sudden death of McNeil.
McNeil leaves behind a son
[Travis, Jr.] who addressed the
gatherers and tried to get his
words out as best he could.
But as he continued his per-
sonal testimony, he was forced
to cut short his words, grief-
stricken over the tragic death
of his father.
"The police didn't have the
right to shoot him," Travis, Jr.
said solemnly. "I will love him
at all times."
Further reflections were giv-
en by Mary Glenn, one of the
individuals chosen to speak on
the family's behalf. She said
that the family will need the
support of the entire commu-
nity in their attempts to deal

-Miami Times photo/Jimmie Davis, Jr.
Friends and family of the late Travis McNeil, Sr., prepare for his funeral service on Saturday, Feb.
19 at St. Mark Missionary Baptist Church in Miami.

with McNeil's death, to commemorate McNeil's life,
"Family is God's precious Williams approached the pul-
gift," she said. pit and addressed the congre-
After family and friends gation.
spoke, sang, and read poems "What can I say to a moth-

er that has lost her child?" he
He referenced the Biblical
story of Job who continued to
trust in God, despite losing all

of his children, his home and
other material wealth.
"Sheila that's all I can tell
you trust in the Lord," Wil-
liams said. "Don't worry about
getting even God will take
care of things for you."
McNeil's cousin, Shanika
Graves said that McNeil was
not a street thug and has vowed
to use forms of social media
including Facebook to call at-
tention to the actions of Miami
police officers who have been
involved in nine shootings of
Black men within the last year.
McNeil's coffin had been
closed during the service but
the family then decided to open
it for a final viewing.
Anastasia James, 23, had
been dating McNeil for close to
a year and said she still can't
believe that her future hus-
band is dead. She said that
on the night of his death, she
spoke with him over the phone
and he told her that he would
be home shortly.

"When he never came home
Inew something was wrong,"
se said.
She added that McNeil's
cath is still perplexing be-
cuse the police have remained
easive and refused to supply
tem with requested informa-
"The police treated Travis like
b was a dog," she said.
City Commissioner Richard
] Dunn, II and Rev. Anthony
'ate of People United to Lead
struggle for Equality [PULSE]
attended the funeral service.
"The only thing to come to my
lind is why did this occur?"
lunn asked. "Justice has to be
Tate says that PULSE stands
fmly behind Dunn and that
h wants McNeil's death to be
te last killing of a Black man
- the hands of a Miami police
"There have to be other ways
Sdetain and arrest people be-
:des shooting them," he said.

e -.
A 4

-Stock photo

Elections chief says local races matter
POLLS elections, voter turnout tends be allowed to vote. It is actu-
continued from 1A to be in the 12 to 25 percent ally an annual voter's registra-
range while the range for presi- tion drive and it's been in place
supervisor of elections for Mi- dential elections averages be- since 1972 and was prompted
ami-Dade County, says that tween 75 and 85 percent. by the M-DCPS school board."
historically, special elections "We prepare as if 100 percent Sola also says that he be-
that is any unscheduled elec- of the registered voters are lives ex-felons should be al-
tion like the current state coming out," he said. lowed to vote once they have

Senate race do tend to have
lower voter turnout.
"We tend to see a higher
percentage of registered 'vot-
ers coming out to the polls
during gubernatorial or presi-
dential elections," Sola said.
"Some voters don't recognize
the importance of local elec-
tions but actually they are the
ones that provide the closest
link between government and
citizens. That's why voting in
these local elections is so criti-
cal those officials can more
easily impact the kinds of ser-
vices your community receives
and can speak to issues that
directly effect the voters."
Sola added that in municipal

Most candidates and elected
officials agree that the great-
est challenge they face is voter
awareness. Sola says that even
with legal notices in newspa-
pers, sample ballots mailed to
all voters and early voting op-
tions he says many voters re-
main uninformed.
"When we can get the me-
dia involved with coverage, it
goes a long way in educating
our voters," he said. "In re-
cent years we have turned our
attention to preparing high
school juniors and seniors for
the day when they will legally

served-their sentences.
"Why can't an ex-offender
be allowed to vote once he or
she has served their time? he
asked. "I know some states do
expunge records and allow ex-
offenders to regain their voting
rights. But that's something
that is handled at. the state
level not at the county level.
My advice to all citizens is to
register to vote and if there
are any problems regarding
their eligibility, they will be
contacted by the State. Voting
For more information about
upcoming elections, candidates
and your voting rights go to
www.miamidade. gov/elections.

Is race the reason behind the denial?

continued from 1A

in Atlanta.
In their written summary,
the panel said Lemorin's re-
cord shows he was engaged in
terrorist activities, had acted
with intent to cause death or
serious bodily injury and had
provided support to the Liberty
City group. Lemorin's attorney,
Charles Kuck, says he will now
present his case before the full
appellate court and ask them to
reconsider Lemorin's deporta-
tion appeal.
"We are terribly disappointed
with the decision and the factu-
al misstatements of the record,"
Kuck said.
Lemorin was deported on Jan.
20th with a group of Haitian na-
tionals with criminal records in
the U.S., following the lifting of a
one-year moratorium on depor-
tations to earthquake-ravaged
Haiti. Despite his pending ap-
peal, Lemorin was included in
that first group because the ap-
pellate court rejected his emer-
gency petition to stop his de-
portation before sending down
its final ruling. Lemorin, whose

family relocated from Haiti to
Miami during the 1980s, has a
wife and three children in North
Miami Beach.
He was charged in 2006 with
conspiring with six other Miami
men, all members of a religious
group called the Moorish Sci-
ence Temple to provide "ma-
terial support" to al-Qaeda fol-
lowing an FBI sting operation.
In December 2007, Lemorin was
found not guilty of conspiring
with the Liberty City group to

aid al-Qaeda in a plot to blow up
the Sears Tower in Chicago and
Miami's FBI building. The fed-
eral jury deadlocked on the oth-
er six defendants, five of whom
were eventually convicted. How-
ever, under the USA Patriot Act,
adopted after the September
11th terrorist attacks, a lawful
U.S. resident such as Lemorin
may be locked up and deported
on terrorism-related allegations
even if the person has not been

-AP Photo/Shirley Henderson, File
Six of the seven co-defendants that were arrested in June, 2006 in an
undercover FBI sting, appear before U.S. Magistrate Judge Ted Bands-
tra, in this drawing. From center rear, I to r, Patrick Abraham, Lyglens-
on Lemorin, Naudimar Herrera, Burson Augustin,Narseal Batiste and
Rotschild Augustine.

Gas prices could climb tofive dollars

continued from 1A

increased violence prompted BP
and Norway's Statoil to pull oil
workers from the country.
"If this thing escalates and
there's a good chance that
there'd be a shift in supplies,
$5 gas isn't out of the ques-
tion," says Darin Newsom, se-
nior analyst at energy tracker
The average price of regular
gasoline is expected to rise to
$3.25 within a few days, says
Tom Kloza, chief analyst at the
Oil Price Information Service.
That's 2.5 percent above Mon-
day's national $3.17 average.
Gas prices are up 20 per-
ceent from levels a year ago but
nearly 23 percent below the re-
c6rd'$4.11 average seftin July
While troubles in Libya and
brewing unrest in the Middle
East are fueling higher crude
prices, other catalysts are driv-
ing gas prices. The U.S. econ-
omy, higher traditional con-
sumption in spring and rising
demand from China and other
countries are likely to push gas
to $3.75 to $4 a gallon by mid-
summer. Political upheaval in
Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait and
the United Arab Emirates has
energy markets braced for an
even sharper run-up.
"If you are looking at the
disruption of movement and
production in. countries such
as Saudi Arabia and the UAE,
you're easily talking $5 gas,"




Cash or



m LEG9

ft orn

says Peter'eb tel,'prdsidehit r
energy adviser Cameron Ha-
nover. "We have all the wrong
things working together at the
right time: an economic re-
covery, (stocks) making new
highs, a lower dollar, strong
seasonal demand and unrest
in the heart of oil production."
Speculators are also propel-
ling oil. After profiting on soar-
ing cotton, coffee and corn
futures, traders are exploiting
the energy market. "The flow of
money plays an enormous role
in the direction, speed and vol-
atility of these marketss" says
Darin Newsome, analyst at en-
ergy tracker DTN.
Kloza expects prices to peak
at $3.75 a gallon by the Memo-
rial Day weekend. "No ques-

IDnr 'they'Ht '-cirhb furithder,"' he
fys. "'But if prices move too
Igh, consumers will cut back,
ad prices will fall. It really al-
trs consumer psychology."
The economic impact could
1 huge.
"Above $4 a gallon, we'll see
consumers hunker down," says
body's Economy.com econo-
rist Ryan Sweet. "It could take
Peam out of spending just as
cnsumers were getting their
-a legs."
AAA spokesman Troy Green
ays speculation on gas prices
i premature. "I would caution
flks in the prediction busi-
Ess," he says. "Throwing out
umbers is akin to predicting
,ho's going to win the Super
bwl in 2012."

State Black Caucus talks to Scott

continued from 4A

communities," Gib-
bons said.
Scott said he be-
lieved in equal op-
portunities for all, but
not better opportuni-
ties for some.
Rep. Mack Ber-
nard, D-West Palm
Beach, questioned
the logic in cap-
ping unemployment SM
compensation at 20
weeks when state unemploy-
ment is at 12 percent.
And Williams said state
workers are demoralized by
proposals that would require
them to pay 5 percent of their
pay into their pension plans:
"Their morale is being depleted
each and every day this con-
versation comes up."
Scott said it came down to a
matter of fairness: "I'm going
to do whatever I can to make
sure they're treated with re-
spect and that they're paid
fairly. At the same time, I'm
going to make sure it's also
fair to the taxpayers of the
Rep. Perry Thurston, D-Fort
Lauderdale, furthered the di-
versity pitch, emphasizing
that in Broward County only
five of 90 judges are black.

"I don't believe in
quotas," Scott said.
"I don't believe judges
should be activists
trying to ex-
pand the
Slaw. If you
think that
I'm going to
Spick some-
1 body that
], is different
than my judicial
-1 losophy, it's not g
1ITH to happen."
He would,

Scott said,
appoint the best per-
son, regardless of
To promote diver-
sity hires, the African-
American legislators
said they will an-
nounce on Wednesday
a Web site to encour-

age blacks to apply for

Afterwards, Sen.
Chris Smith, D-Fort
t, dsLauderdale, said that
while he appreciated
the audience with
the new governor, he
felt that the multi-
millionaire former
BERNAD health-care execu-
tive was largely out of
phi- )uch.
going "He wants to treat every Flo-
dian as though they're just
-i like him, and that's


just not the case,
Smith said. "The gov-
ernor seems to want
to base the average
Floridian's experi-
ence on his own, but
the average Floridian
doesn't have the same
opportunities he's
had all his life."

Northwestern's lopes dashed

continued from 1A

Northwestern says it did not
get credit for 64 students who
took college courses and 16
students who earned career
certification. With the efforts of
those 80 students factored in,
they would have earned a C.

Even Miami-Dade County
hblic Schools Superintendent
berto Carvalho has gotten
involved, sending a letter of ap-
pal to the Department of Edu-
ction. But so far, State Deputy
Bucation Commissioner Kris
Eington remains adamant in
1s refusal 'to recalculate any
othe three schools' grades.





Florida's Dr. Robert Hayling: A civil rights pioneer

Dr. Robert Hayling (right) with Dr. King and Atlanta mayor
(1982-1990) Andrew Young.

Black dentist among leaders in

St. Augustine struggles

By Randy Grice

Last Wednesday, Florida na-
tive Dr. Robert Hayling shared
his memories of being on the
frontline of the civil rights
movement as part of the Distin-
guished Lecture Series for The'
Florida Conference of Black
State Legislators in Tallahas-
Hayling has been hailed as
the "father" of Florida's civil
rights movement steaming
from his work in the City of
St.Augustine. But for some

-Photo by Frank Murray

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy during a rare Florida visit.

years he was ostracized by
Blacks and whites alike for dar-
ing to say that, if necessary, he
would resort to violence to pro-
tect himself. He gained notori-
ety during the movement from
organizing demonstrations and
special visits from activists, in-
cluding Dr. Martin Luther King,
In 1960, after a stint in the
armed forces as an officer, he
relocated to St. Augustine from
his hometown of Tallahassee
where he opened a dental prac-
tice and became the first Black
dentist in Florida to be elected

to the American Dental Asso-
ciation. While in St. Augustine
Hayling felt compelled to join
the NAACP after experiencing
the sting of racial discrimina-
tion prevalent in the area. One
of his earlier demonstrations
as an NAACP member was the
protest of a segregated celebra-
tion of St. Augustine's 400th

Hayling's protest methods
were consistent with those of
King he practiced non-vi-
olence. He often taught local
teens methods of nonviolent
activism and coordinated pick-
eting and sit-ins at white-only
restaurants and wade-ins at
white-only pools and beach-

es. Because segregation was
still the law of the land he was
arrested many times along with
other local demonstrators and
visiting supporters. However,
many of the people he fought
to protect disapproved of the
movement primarily because
they feared they would lose
their jobs if they participat-

ed in acts of protest. In addi-
tion, some Blacks felt that the
demonstrations brought hos-
tile white supremacists to St.
Augustine from surrounding
areas. Eventually more people
joined the Black protesters af-
ter nationally-known figures
like King and Jackie Robinson
came to town to promote inte-
Following King's and Hay-
ling's examples, activists of all
ages voluntarily endured ver-
bal and even physical abuse
by racist business owners and
patrons. Hayling's non-violent
stance was compromised when
verbal abuse escalated to death
In response, he was quoted
as saying, "Me and the others
have armed [ourselves]. We will
shoot and answer questions
later. We are not going to die
like Medgar Evers."
Because Hayling was a well-
known activist his words were
quickly publicized and per-
ceived as a call for an armed up-
rising of the Black masses. His
comments led the NAACP and
a number of Blacks in the town
to distance themselves from
Hayling for their own safety
and the sake of their reputa-
tions. Nonetheless, he contin-
ued guiding faithful volunteers
in various organizations, never
raising a weapon against those
that threatened him.

Wisconsin's unions debated

continued from 1A

conflict between the newly
elected governor and Demo-
crats who lost control of the
state Senate in the last elec-
Whether they know it or
not, the state's 14 Democratic
senators who fled Wisconsin to
deny Republicans the quorum
theyneeded to ram through a
bill" thar would ermasculate dall
of the state's public employee
union& (except the three that
endorsed Walker) are part of a
bigger fight.
They're at the fiont of the
political war Republicans
launched since winning con-
trol of a majority of the nation's
statehouses in November, in-
cluding victories in the one-time
union strongholds of Wisconsin,
Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylva-
nia.This turnabout has embold-
ened GOP governors to push
legislation that could cripple
Democrats in state and national
Evidence of this strategy can
be seen in Walker's insistence on
trying to strip away the collec-
tive bargaining rights of many
public employees at least on
health care, pension benefits
and working conditions even
after they've agreed to the finan-
cial concessions the governor
said are needed to balance the
state's budget.
Walker's bill is a shoot-the-
wounded assault, on the Dem-
ocratic Party's base, which
when combined with a voter ID
law that's also being pushed
through Wisconsin's Repub-
lican-controlled Legislature,
could put the Badger State
firmly in GOP hands for de-
The proposed ID law would
restrict the right to vote to peo-
ple with military IDs, driver's
licenses and a state-issued ID
card. Passports and photo ID
cards issued to college students
(even those from state universi-
ties) would not be acceptable.
College students and pub-
lic unions are pillars of the
Democratic base. Wisconsin's
ID law would suppress voter
participation' among students.
A 2005 University of Wiscon-
sin-Milwaukee Employment
and Training Institute study
found that 82% of 18-, 19-,
20-year-olds did not have
a driver's license in the ZIP
codes for neighborhoods near
Marquette University, the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin-Madison
and the University of Wiscon-
sin-Milwaukee. The study also
showed that statewide, the
majority of college-age blacks
and Hispanics lacked driver's
Walker's budget repair bill
also would severely weaken

- if not fatally wound the
state's public employee unions.
And in that effort, he is not
alone. Republican governors
in Indiana and Ohio also are
moving to weaken the bargain-
ing rights of public, unions.
The tactic will make it harder
for unions to influence state
and national elections. All this
is happening while GOP-con-
trolled legislatures in Missouri,
Ohio ,and Texas are pushing
their, io, ,: ter. D .la ws Tr
Latelast month, Texas' Sen-
ate passed a voter ID law that
requires people in that state to
show a driver's license, military
ID, a passport, a state or citi-
zenship ID card or a concealed
handgun license before being
allowed to vote. Over the past
decade, Texas' population grew
to "25 million people. Hispan-
ics were 65%, blacks 22% and
whites just 4.2% of that popu-
lation surge. Whites now make
up less than half of all Texans
and tend to be older. So -not
surprisingly, the Republican-
controlled Senate made an ex-
ception to the ID law for people
older than 70. Those voters
need to show only a voter regis-
tration card to vote.
This is the nature of the war
the GOP is waging. It's a quest
for political hegemony and
a fight Democrats cannot af-
ford to lose.

For U.S., new Mideast posture emerges

By Warren P. Strobel, et. al.

Barack Obama said recently
that he had told U.S. allies as
well as foes in the Middle East
that they must "get out ahead
of' growing demands for re-
form, or risk the fates of the de-
posed presidents of Egypt and
As an unprecedented wave
of street protests continued
to spread, notably in the stra-
tegic Persian Gulf kingdom of
Bahrain, Obama used a news
conference to lay down the first
outlines of a broader U.S. re-
sponse, now that it seems clear
that the turmoil will extend
well beyond the 18-day revolu-
tion that toppled Egypt's Hosni
He defended his handling of
Mubarak's downfall, acknowl-
edged that prospects for Arab-
Israeli peace talks could be
complicated and had tough
words for Iran's leaders, who've
responded harshly to a reborn
protest movement in that coun-
Obama said his message to
leaders across the Middle East
was that "the world is changing,
that you have a young, vibrant
generation ... that is looking for
greater opportunity, and that if
you are governing these coun-

Daughter of Malcolm

continued from 1A

Investigators said they found
that the 45-year-old had sever-
al outstanding warrants from
Queens, N.Y., that include
charges for grand larceny,
forgery and identity theft.
Shabazz's attorney, Sean De- .
vereux, said the warrants ap- .
pear to be from 2009, but that
Shabazz was never served with
the papers. He said he is not.
sure about the circumstances
of the charges.

Malaak Shabazz, left, talks
with her sister Attallah Shaba-
zz during a press conference at
the New York Public Library's -.
Schomburg Center for Re-
search in Black Culture in Har-
lem Jan. 7, 2002. The Shabazz
family has placed a collection
of Malcolm X's diaries, photos,
letters, and other materials on
long term loan with the center. .-

tries, you've got to get
out ahead of change.
You can't be behind the
Privately, senior U.S.
officials acknowledged
that the White House
and State Department
are still struggling to
adapt to events in the
Middle East, where

Mr. President

the dynamic seems to
-change diaily'andv-arie's frnOm
country to country.
The officials, who insisted on
anonymity in order to speak
more frankly, said the protests
that were raging from Algeria to
Yemen presented perils as well
as opportunities for U.S. for-
eign policy.
The perils seemed clear re-
cently, as the most vigorous
protests occurred in Bahrain,
headquarters to the U.S. Navy's
5th Fleet; and Yemen, the base
of an al Qaeda affiliate that's
planned attacks on the United
If Yemeni President Ali Abdul-
lah Saleh is overthrown, "the
likelihood of some really bad
elements coming to power is
real," one senior U.S. official
In Bahrain, thousands of pro-
testers occupied a main square
in the capital, Manama, said
a witness who was reached by

X faces charges

b V
'.. ,i,
E c~-
A -~'


* .,


telephone. In Yemen,
clashes flared for a
fifth day in the capital,
Sanaa, between pro-
testers demanding the
ouster of Saleh, who
has U.S. backing, and
police and government
Obama in recent
weeks has dropped his

earlier caution about
promoting democfady itf thd
Arab world and has voiced
U.S. support for peaceful pro-
test movements.
"My message, I think, to
demonstrators going forward
is: Your aspirations for greater

opportunity, for the ability to
speak your mind, for a free
press, those are absolutely as-
pirations we support," he said.
The bolder U.S. approach
has unnerved many U.S. allies
in the Middle East, as well as
other nations.
"I believe it is counterpro-
ductive to encourage, to im-
pose democracy of some spe-
cific pattern," Russian Foreign
-Minister' Sergey Lavrb~ said
during a visit to London, Re-
uters reported. "We have had
more than one revolution in
Russia, and we believe we
don't need to impose revolu-
tions on others."

Celestin: "We need resources"

continued from 1A

no longer mattered not un-
less their candidate was being
Celestin says that he has
pledged himself as a Republi-
can candidate so that his com-
munity has representatives
on both sides from which to
"Blacks need someone who
at the end of the day is fight-
ing for them and challenging
the status quo," he said. "It
shouldn't matter whether that
person is a Democrat or a Re-
publican. Right now Blacks
aren't really being represented
by either part,."
Celesun added that there is
plenty of money circulating in
many parts of Miami and he
intends to make sure commu-
nities where Blacks live finally
get their fair share.
"African Americans and Hai-
tiar Amencans have not gotten
the resources like other ethnic
groups," he said. "This is not
about emotion; it's about com-
mon sense. Some leaders like
to cry with their constituency.

I don't intend to cry. I intend
to demand what we have long
been denied equal resourc-
es. There have been a lot of
promises that have been made
to us and then broken like the
Metro Rail on 27th Avenue that
died nght there. Hialeah got
the rail, Kendall got it too and
so did the airport. We are still
waiting. We need economic de-
velopment more than anything
else. Blacks have long been
content with social services
but that's not what I'm asking
for. I want money and I want
jobs. I want corporations to
come into our community and
develop new projects. When
we make that happen, we can
buy our own groceries and pay
our ow-n rent."
Celestin points out that he is
not supported by the Repub-
lican Party in any way, finan-
cially or otherwise, because he
refuses to accept special inter-
est dollars. He has mounted
his campaign using word of
mouth and social media as his
primary tools of communica-
tion. He hopes to defeat Oscar
Braynon II. the Democratic


EbIc liami imes
One Family Serving Miom,-Dade and Broword Counties for
88 Continuous Years






: :

t .a

The Miami Times




How God can transform

a boy into a real man
By Kaila Heard

Reverend Vernon Demetrius Gillum is aware that
one of the institutions that Miami Gardens is not lack-
ing is churches. His newly established God's Taber-
nacle Deliverance Ministries is simply one of over 100
registered churches in the city.
However, he is certain that his church, which was
formally founded on Sept. 2010 with its motto of "a
place where the wounded are welcomed," will be able
to distinguish itself from the flock.
"Our goal is to make a difference," he explained.
According to Gillum, the church, which currently
rents its space at the community center of Rolling
Oaks Park will use the traditional tools of preaching
and teaching the Word to everyone to make the change
people need to see in their lives.
In addition to its open-arms strategy, the non-de-
nominational church also will break with tradition by
offering more roles of leadership to women, including
eventually the senior pastor position, as well as having
a more lax dress code for worship service.
Gillum stated, "We're definitely aspiring to break the
traditional barriers that normally keep churches boxed
That message is appealing to a small, youthful crowd
of under 50 year olds, according to Gillum.
"I've always had a passion for young people, to cre-
ate an environment to let them feel that they fit in the
church," he said.
Trained by local ministers, Gillum says he is well
prepared for the demands of his own ministry.
"The ideal pastor in my opinion is someone that is
well rounded," he explained.
Juggling multiple responsibilities of family as well as
Please turn to GILLUM 14B

Reverend Vernon Demetrius Gillum
and his wife Tangela


.MLK Jr.. m, k.' hool hosts- '

oth A r can R ad, In
~ a ,H.ard

as for children to learn t de n for read' mg
Other studies have sh k r g positiveole
The Dr. Martin Jr. Kinge i.Ee ,o of Laudehtll
A.i.n-American Men Ra-1 otherss M.n-

.torig Youthf Through Readig e.... 16.
rom politicians to carpente i pe e

.to fifth grade classes. oh' -amt .et. 'i voluntee'a s were
..o iioner Dle Holne.Ad, o, by DuBose, th e

Central Area Superinterndet T fes ~'kburn, Principgi
of the Yetudiar James have shGrffn ag positive r oy, anas
distant pasbefore youthfulirst Bptistrey ie their au decrdae Lakesio
,a..-- ng. -.z waf e:-..' o _f^-^-- ;- -
TheDr. Martin Lutherntry s l'ris of Laurd ehll'
.c bpained those tv o thes imporiet~ 'o about our Bla
boys getting to see Black through Rea o ha through this 6. c

r show a joy for reading
: Twelve-year odmately 30 men ereese aid h g: joged the stproriessions he
"f t re politicians to carpentd mes wty wanted to be re s-ergate
".' to fdfit grade classes. An-foh&g;s-Al6F617 i g' volunteers were --:
Cmentantssoner Dale hoests'.fto do ev ,sthg he DuBose, the .
Central Area Suers reia d to two different s tsrooms and Prflowin
.ofthe Year James Griffins they m et with differe rt Perry, anastts
'.:sitant pastor from First BaEptistPire. qr e m iUauderdale Lake's;.d
"..Dr.- MLK Jr. Elementary ,,chbol a vp $b Marvis Ward e-
''(plained the event's imporan "i, all has Jt do: about our Blackt^
" boys getting to see Black mner -who ..... 0g
.._;h av.e"gone'hrough this corzn-'
Smnnitcyand they are successful and thl facte t t he are able to
Show ajoyi for reading." "-.- .- .. -"
: Twelve-year old Kamoy Pottingerlsaid;.h.. 'njoyed the stories he ."
heard that day. The fifth-gader w reia r about President .
-Barack Obama. '. *-- %-" *...:, " '.
'"What really inspired me was ,e. hern L A,'wanted to be presi-
dent and then tried his best-to do everyJhing he could," Kamoy i
said :-. ", . '
The volunteers read to two different classrooms and following ,,..
the Read-In sessions they met with diffeTet groups of students to
hold an hour-long rap session.
PIlase turn to YOUTH 14B




Funeral homes discover new life

Other celebrations help keep their facilities open

By Melanie D. Hayes

Tony Flores took their wedding
vows in December in an elegant ro-
tunda with marble floors amid glim-
mering chandeliers and a bubbling
It didn't bother them that a room
down the hall showcased caskets
and urns. Or that the building was
surrounded by a large cemetery
with 100,000 gravestones on 60
acres. Or that on other days, the
facility hosts something a lot more
somber funerals.
The Flores' wedding at the Com-
munity Life Center at Washington

ly as 2009, it hosted just 10 wed-
dings. Then Carla Fletcher took
over as special events coordinator
in March. The center now holds a
dozen events each month and has
nearly every Friday, Saturday and
Sunday booked this year, including
99 weddings, as well as bookings
that stretch into 2012, she says.

"The place wasn't being utilized
because people had tunnel vision,"
says Fletcher, who also often plays
the part of wedding planner for the
couples. "They thought since it was
a funeral home, they (couldn't) sell
it. But I don't see a funeral home; I

Park East Cemetery here illustrates
a growing trend.
Across the USA, funeral homes
are building and marketing such
centers as not just a place to mourn
the dead but as sites for events cel-
ebrating the living, including wed-
dings, birthdays, anniversaries,
holiday parties and proms.
The lure? It is often less expen-
sive; there is greater availability;
and the settings inside and out-
side can be nothing short of wed-
ding-picture perfect.
Flanner & Buchanan ,Funeral
Centers opened the $10 million
Community Life Center in 2001,
but it had a slow start. As recent-

By Vickie Elmer

Prayer often has a bigger role in
the workplace than many people
Jeanna Ray, a Web site man-
ager for a professional organiza-
tion, is among the 61 percent of
Americans who say they pray ev-
ery day. She prays at work to ease
anger and frustration, and to seek
great decisions for her employer,
the Infectious Diseases Society of
America in Arlington. She believes
prayer makes her more profession-
al and a better manager.
"A lot of people don't know" that
she's praying, said Ray. "I have a
little thing on my bulletin 'board
-- a prayer card my mother gave
me. It's not that visible. But a lot
of time, people come into my office
and say, 'It's so peaceful here.' "
Many people who pray on the job
do so in ways that are all but invis-
ible to their bosses and coworkers.
They are careful to keep their reli-
gious views out of their coworkers'
or clients' eyes.
Executive and career coach Di-
ane Cohen doesn't usually share
her faith or prayers with clients,
though she sometimes will care-
fully bring it up when their assess-

see an events center."
The idea of getting married in
a funeral home wasn't much of a
hurdle to overcome, says Paulita
Flores, 21.
"At first, when I pulled up and saw
it was a funeral home,.. it did con-
cern me," she admitted. "But when
we walked in and saw everything, it
was overwhelming. I fell in love and
thought it was the perfect place. It
was breathtaking, so it (the funeral
home aspect) didn't cross my mind
That is precisely what funeral
homes searching to expand their
business base amid increased com-
petition are hoping for.

Many people who pray on the job do so in ways that are all but invis-
ible to their bosses and coworkers.

ment shows a strong spirituality.
"I really feel strongly it is a private
matter," she said.
Cohen grew up in a Jewish
household, keeping kosher and at-
tending services regularly in Lan-
caster, Pa. She moved away from
her faith when her father died,
but came back after her mother's
death two years ago. Now she
prays morning, noon and night,
giving thanks and asking for assis-

tance with her clients' needs and
for the world's problems.
More than eight in 10 Ameri-
cans believe in a God who answers
prayers, according to a 2010 Gal-
lup poll conducted with USA To-
day. Slightly more than half of
those in the annual Gallup poll
say religion 'is very important in
their lives, down from 60 percent
in 2002.
These days, prayer at work may




t i "' / /: .-
"Breathtaking:" Bride Paulita Flores, middle, prepares for her
ding at the Community Life Center in Indianapolis on Dec. 4. "1
in love (with the center) and thought it was the perfect place," s

"Over the past five to six years,
more and more funeral homes are
offering the use of their facilities to
the greater community, whether it's
hosting a full-blown wedding recep-
tion or offering meeting space to
an organized community group,"
says Emilee High of the Wisconsin-
based National Funeral Directors
In a 2010 association survey, al-
most 10 percent of the 627 funeral
home owners who responded said
they owned or offered a community
or family center in addition to tradi-
tional funeral facilities.

A decade ago, when James Olson
bought a funeral home in Sheboy-
gan, Wis., he wanted to make his
facility more available to the com-
munity. This year, he says, he plans
to host his first wedding reception.
Olson, who is also a spokesman
for the National Funeral Directors
Association, says he has noticed
more couples tying the knot in fu-
neral homes, but not only because
of changes in his industry.
"A lot of (traditional wedding fa-
cilities) are shutting down because
of the economy, while we (funeral

homes) aren't going anywhere
says. "In our community, two
quet halls closed because of
Although people may third
morbid to start a marriage
place surrounded by sadness
would be no different than doi
at a church where both caE
and newlyweds occupy the a
throughout the year, says Sue
terdale, national chairwoman c
National Association of Wec
Professionals. "A banquet hall
banquet hall, and a chapel is a
pel," she says. "If you can get
the driveway and the cemetery
going to be beautiful."
Still, theidea of exchanging
at a funeral home or cemetery
for everyone.
Paulita Flores had origi
planned on getting married ir
Community Life Center's out
courtyard in September, whicl
a clear view of the cemetery
was glad she moved the even
"I was worried that people
would come would be creeped
she says. "I was worried that
taking pictures, it (the ceme
would be in the background."

seem more practical whether it's
a plea to be hired, to hold onto your
job or to get someone else brought
into your department to help with
heavy workloads. And it can be a
request to remain civil or to know
the right things to say.
Prayer helps Ray focus and keeps
her grounded and reminds her
to be appreciative of her team and
their contributions. Yet she finds it
especially valuable when challeng-
es confront her. "It keeps me from
crossing, the line," from yelling or
getting upset, she said. "It keeps
me on an even keel."
Ray used prayer a lot when she
worked with a "very demanding"
executive on a project last spring
and summer. "It is a humongous
challenge with this person," she re-
called. She prayed daily about the
situation, asking that she main-
tain her customer service mindset
and not become insubordinate.
Yet she did eventually talk to him
about his attitude and approach,
and, she said, he improved. "Now
there is as much respect as he can
give," she said.
"I ask for assistance in situations
so that I can keep a great working
relationship, yet resolve the issue
at hand," said Ray.

Pastoral breakfast launches national conference

Special to the Miami Times

On Monday, Feb. 21, Dr.
T.B.Boyd, the president of a
Christian publishing company
and Reverend Anthony Burrell,
the host of the 105th National
Baptist Congress, held a Pastoral
Breakfast at the Hilton Ft. Lau-
derdale Marina.
The breakfast served as the kick
off event for the 105th National
Baptist Congress, which will be
held at Broward County Conven-
tion Center, June 12 -17 and as
an opportunity to welcome Boyd,
the owner of R.H. Boyd Publish-
ing Corporation and the chair of
the National Baptist Congress, to
Greater Ft. Lauderdale.
Burrell, who is also the senior
pastor of Mt. Calvary Baptist

Church in Pompano Beach, is
expected to be even busier over
the upcoming months due to his
hosting responsibilities. The con-
ference is expected to bring over
8,000 visitors to Broward. Albert
Tucker, Vice President, Multicul-
tural Business Development for
the the Greater Fort Lauderdale
Conventions and Visitors Bureau
stated, "He is thrilled that a con-
ference of this magnitude is com-
ing back to Greater Fort Lauder-
dale and will have an economic
impact in excess of $5 million dol-
lars to the local economy."
Under the direction of Tucker,
Greater Fort Lauderdale has be-
come a mecca for Black organi-
zations to host their conferences
and conventions including the
National Urban League Associa-

Dr. T.B. Boyd

tion of Executives; the 100 Black
Men of America; the National
Black Nurses Association, Inc.;
and the National Association of
Black Accountants. These groups
have contributed millions of dol-
lars into Broward County's tour-
ism industry. Prior to the National
Baptist Congress' 105th Annual
Session in June, the Greater Fort
Lauderdale Conventions and Visi-
tors Bureau will host the 58th
South Atlantic Regional Confer-
ence of Alpha Kappa Alpha Soror-
ity Incorporated, which will bring
over 10,000 Black women to Bro-
ward County in April.
For more information or to reg-
ister for the 105th Annual Session
of the National Baptist Congress,
please visit www.rhboydpublish-


for acceptance of


By Heather Hahn

A call by a group of retired bishops to end the
United Methodist Church's ban on homosexu-
al clergy has prompted varied reactions from
church leaders.
Recently, some bishops have urged prayer
and thoughtful discussion. Others have ex-
pressed disappointment in the retired leaders.
Still others have voiced support for the change.
In each case, bishops have stressed their com-
mitment to uphold church law.
Bishop Larry M. Goodpaster, president of the
United Methodist Council of Bishops,.released
a statement on Feb. 3 encouraging "thoughtful,
prayerful dialogue about sensitive and chal-
lenging issues."
Meanwhile, three more retired bishops have
signed the Statement of Counsel to the Church,
bringing the total to 36 retired bishops asking
the church to change its policy. About 42 per-
cent of the denomination's 85 retired bishops
have signed the statement, released Jan. 31.
The Book of Discipline states that "the prac-
tice of' homosexuality is incompatible with
Christian teaching. Therefore self-avowed prac-
ticing homosexuals are not to be certified as
candidates, ordained as ministers, or appoint-
ed to serve in The United Methodist Church."
The retired bishops' statement asks that this
passage be removed.
Only General Conference, the denomination's
top lawmaking body, can change the Book of
Discipline. The subject of homosexuality has
surfaced every four years at General Confer-
ence, and delegates consistently have voted to
keep the restriction.
The next such gathering is scheduled for April
24-May 4, 2012, in Tampa, Fla., and Goodpas-
ter asks church members to pray for the whole
church as General Conference approaches.

Neither active nor retired bishops are allowed
to vote at General Conference.
Some bishops expressed disappointment
with the retired bishops' public opposition to
the Book of Discipline's current rule.
Bishop Eben K. Nhiwatiwa of Zimbabwe said,
by and large, people in his conference stand by
what the Book of Discipline says about homo-
"Africa should not be pushed on this issue,"
he said. "The position of The United Methodist
Church right now is the position that is in sync
with the context of the African church right
Bishop John Innis of Liberia agreed. He said
he respects the retired bishops, but he must
stand with the Book of Discipline.

d- U*
*-. l -w-

Surprising option:The Community Life Center at Washington
Park East Cemetery also hosts celebrations such as birthdays and
weddings.The site is less expensive and usually more available.

all Ia
: j-.

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Prayer plays silent role in the office




Reverend Johnny L. Barber
," he
Sthe Florida East Coast
fik the
in a Baptist Association
ss, it
ing it elects moderator
Tot- Special to the Miami Times
of the
adding Rev. Johnny L. Barber, 38, the senior pas-
l is a tor of Miami's Mt. Sinai Missionary Baptist
cha- Church, recently became the youngest modera-
past tor of Florida East Coast Baptist Association.
y, it's Barber was elected to the post which car-
ries with it a four year term on Friday, Feb. 18,
vows during the association's 108th Annual Session,
isn't 'which was held.at the Bethlehem Missionary
Baptist Church in Deerfield Beach.
nally As moderator, Barber will often step "in time
n the of turmoil and churches to help give vacancies.
door "I think what makes me the person for this
i has position is that I have a passion for this [orga-
,but nization]," said Barber, "I just really believe that
It in- it has great potential and I believe that we have
Snot maximized that potential."
who The territory of the Florida East Coast .Mis-
out," siona-y Baptist Association, which has over
when 100 member churches, stretches from Florida
etery) City to Cocoa Beach.
The 108th Annual Session was held from Feb.
14 to Feb. 18.

,UMC bishops ask
.UMC bishops ask









Having a Christ-like mindset

I heard a pastor say years
ago that many people do not
want to commit to Christian-
ity because a change is re-
quired. Other religions have
no problem with its converts
continuing to act the same
way as they were behaving
prior to conversion. You just
incorporate the religion into

your present life. Not so with
followers of Christ. Christians
must become Christ-like -
like Christ. Is Christ a liar or
a cheat? Then you should not
be either. Does Christ have
low self-esteem, or believe
that he is worthless? No, then
you should not feel that way
either. Is there a record of Je-

sus being mean and spiteful,
and 'out to get' his enemies?
Then that should not be on
your agenda either.
Are you overly critical and
judgmental of ev-
eryone who is not
like you? Christ is
compassionate and
caring. Do you fear
that people will not
accept you, or like
you? Jesus really
did not worry or con- ..
cern himself with the
opinions of others. Do you
sense a message here? If we
are not like Christ, then we
need to change. Will Jesus
love us if we do not? Abso-

lutely! But he still requires a
change. The change is not a
vague replica of your pastor
or favorite television evange-
list. No, as I wrote earlier -
Christ-like means like
SThe Apostle Paul
states quite clearly in
2 Corinthians 5:17
that anyone who has
made the decision
to follow Christ is a
new creation and the
old has passed away.
That is clear, isn't it? The old
should no longer be hanging
around encouraging you to
curse, lie, cheat, steal, use
drugs or get drunk. We often

use the phrase 'passed away'
to indicate that someone has
died. Let that old sinful man
pass away. Let it die, and if it
won't go willingly, kill it!
In Galatians 6:15, Paul tells
the church that it does not
matter if you are circumcised
or not, what really matters is
if we have been changed into
a new creature. Hmm, then it
also shouldn't matter where
someone was born, or what
color they are, or what lan-
guage they speak. It matters if
they have changed since they
accepted the Lord as Savior.
Now, please do not get reli-
gious on me! I didn't say that
you had to change your hair-

style, or live in a hole in the
wall, or give up all your world-
ly possessions. If what you are
doing is not contrary to what
the Lord says you should be
doing, then a change is in or-
der. I'm just saying!
Hey, believe me, I know
that change is not always
easy, and it's not always sin-
ful behavior that needs to be
changed. Sometimes it's a
mindset or an attitude. Some-
times it might be the compa-
ny we keep. But don't allow
those false religions to deceive
you. Their opinions or beliefs
do not count. What God says
counts and he said to be-
come like him!

Summer program closes achievement gap

continued from 12B

the achievement gap is caused
by unfavorable circumstances.
"I think it's just access to
opportunities especially dur-
ing the time that we are not in
school," said Rodriguez Bower,
who also emphasized that the
younger a student begins to
prepare for college, the better.
"How you do in middle school
sometimes determines what
sort of high schools you get in
to and from. there what sort of
college [you attend]," she ex-
In order to academically suc-
ceed, many students particu-
larly low-income or minority
students, should seek any ad-
ditional support whenever pos-
* This year, parents of fourth
and fifth grade students can
consider enrolling their chil-
dren in the free-tuition Sum-
mer Institute of Breakthrough
For six weeks this summer,
participants will take four edu-
cational classes, in subjects

such as English and Mathe-
matics and they will be given a
few hours worth of homework
each day.
Thirteen-year-old Deja Shul-
er was undaunted by the ad-
ditional school work.
"I didn't think it was a prob-
lem because I actually wanted
to challenge myself," she said.
An 8th grade student at Doc-
tors Charter School in Miami
Shores who has participated in
Breakthrough Miami for three
years, Deja credits the pro-
gram with improving her read-
ing comprehension.
"It helps a lot, it really does,"
she said of Breakthrough Mi-

Established in 1991, Break-
through Miami was created to
ensure that more minorities
and low-income students en-
roll and graduate from college.
In 2010, the Summer Institute
served approximately 550 stu-
The program is currently
expanding and looking for
additional sites to house the

program as well as accepting
approximately 100 more stu-
dents according to Rodriguez
Breakthrough Miami accepts
applications from any middle
school student regardless of
what grade they are in. Admis-
sion into the program is based
on criteria such as commit-
ment, motivation, need, as well
as maintaining a B-average.
Commitment is required
because after completing the
Summer Institute, students
will be enrolled in Break-
through Miami's School Year
and then College Bound pro-
gram. Ideally, Breakthrough
Miami will serve the student
for eight years. The program's
curriculum also provides stu-
dents Saturday workshops,
tutorials general tutoring,
FCAT and SAT prep courses
-field trips and college coun-
According to Rodriguez Bow-
er, 76 percent of Breakthrough
Miami students enroll in col-
Funded by private donations
and organizations such as

the Children's Trust, Break-
through Miami also relies upon
college students to serve as the
program's teachers and tutors.
Lovensky Exalan, 20, has
taught at the Summer Insti-
tute program for nearly four
To help encourage students
during the summer program,
every day is ended with an All
School Meeting (ASM), accord-
ing to Exalan.
It's a showcase where stu-
dents can display what they've
learned during the day, he said.
Currently, the Breakthrough
Miami program is provided
at seven different schools
throughout Miami-Dade
County including Ransom Ev-
erglades School, Doctors Char-
ter School, Carrolton School
and The Cushman School.
For those interested in ap-
plying, the deadline for the
2011 Summer Institute is
March 11.
To receive applications
and more information about
Breakthrough Miami, call
305-460-8869 or visit www.
breakthroughmiami. org.

Historic CEC continues to serve community
* "< .s ; .. f-l; >! .,- i,

continued from 12B

Like other Episcopalian
churches, Christ Episcopal
Church follows the 'Book of
Common Prayer' and plays tra-
ditional music, however, the
church is distinguished from
others by its adherence to for-
"We are a high church so we
do a lot ceremony," said Father
Bernard Griffith, the church's
third rector since it became
a self-supporting church. He
has been leading Christ Epis-
copal Church since 1994.
Yet throughout their long
history, Griffith explained that
Christ Episcopal Church has
remained focused upon pro-
moting unity and fellowship
among its people.
The church offers various
ministries or guilds for its con-
gregants. Among its most pop-
ular are the St. Cecilia's Guild,
which is responsible for music;
the Agnes Scott Guild, which
is responsible for the care of

buildings; St. Paul's Guild,
which supports missionary
.work; and St. Theresa's Guild,
which supports children. The
church even participates in a
local Food Pantry to feed the
Thelma Anderson Gibson,
a lifelong Christ Episcopal
Church member whose pater-
nal grandmother helped found
the church, sees these types
of initiatives as natural for the
"We always reach out into
the community and help. I
guess it is our way of evange-
lism," said Ms. Gibson.
At one point, the church was
being led by the outspoken civ-
il rights activist, Father Theo-
dore Gibson, the late husband
of Ms. Gibson.
Among his other community
Accomplishments, Father Gib-
son fought to have proper mu-
nicipal infrastructure such as
electricity and running water
installed for Black residents of
Coconut Grove.
'While the church partici-

pated in various community
struggles, it also provided
more mundane services for its
members and the community.
Seventy-nine year old Fred-
ericka Simmons Brown re-
called that during her youth
the church's Parish Hall would
frequently be rented out for
events such as recitals, gradu-
ations and proms.
"At the time, churches were
the center of the community
activities," explained Brown
who has been a Christ Episco-
pal Church member for much
of her life.
The church even helped
establish St. Alban's Indus-
trial School in 1911, which
was a school for Black chil-
dren in Coconut Grove. The
school used to be owned by
the church before being taken
over by Miami-Dade County in
the later half of the century.

Nowadays, the church no
longer attracts as many peo-

pie as it once did. According
to Griffith, membership of the
popular church has declined
and currently stands at ap-
proximately 350 members.
Yet he does not foresee the
closure of the church in the-fu-
"I think [the church] may go
through a change, a metamor-
phosis, but the solid families
that are still left will make sure
Sit remains," said the 64-year-
old priest.
Griffith explained that in or-
der to ensure that the church
will continue to function, mem-
bers started an Endowment
Fund and they bequeath fi-
nancial aid to the church upon
their death.
Other members such as Ms.
Gibson also remain optimis-
tic about the church's future
She explained, "We continue
to, struggle along and continue
to worship together and fellow-
ship together and try to be a
part of what's going on in the

New pastor juggles latest responsibilities

continued from 12B

the duties of new pastoralship,
means that Gillum's days are
often packed with activities.
Still working as an officer for
the juvenile justice system, Gil-
lum currently works a night
shift on Saturday only to get off
in the morning in just enough
time to take a shower before
conducting Sunday service.
"You would think I would be
tired, but I find myself to be re-
juvenated after services," she
Which is a good thing, since
on Sunday evenings the con-
gregation goes bowling together
in order to increase church ca-
maraderie and witness to oth-
Fortunately, he is receiving
ample support from his fam-
ily. Married for 17 years and
the father of three children and
grandfather to two, the ablility
to balance the responsibilities
of his church family and his
traditional family are very im-

portant to Gillum.
His wife, Tangela, has found-
ed the church's Women's Min-
istry, which held its first meet-
ing last week.
She sees her growing respon-
sibilities as all part of a learn-
ing process.
"It's just something that is
new to me because I never
thought that I would be in this
place," she said.
However, Tangela is prepared
to share the lessons she has
learned so far in her life. In the
Women's Ministry, she hopes
that by the women revealing
their own experiences with do-
mestic violence it will help oth-
"I was delivered and I want to
deliver other women who come
through the ministry," she said.
The issue is particularly per-
son to her.
Although Tangela and Gil-
lium are happily married now,
that wasn't always the case.
Gillium explained, "In the
early part of our marriage there
was physical violence."

Looking back now, he be-
lieves his perpetrating domes-
tic violence was caused by a
combination of youth (he was
21 when he married), anger at
his own absentee biological fa-
ther and misconceived notions
of what a real man is. In other
words, Gillium said, he entered
into the marriage with a lot of
"unresolved" issues.
However, the senior pastor
said he was eventually able to
overcome much of these prob-
lems because of his faith in
"It was a rocky road at first
because every time that I
thought I had to overcome [my
issues] I always found myself in
situations that would drive me
back to a [bad] place mentally."
However, his wife was also
praying. The two had separat-
ed after 10 or 12 years of mar-
riage, but she sought God's
counsel before making a final
decision about going further
with a divorce.
"I asked God if this is the
man for me then you have to

change him and make him a
man of God
The answer came with a
change of how Gillum came to
understand himself as a man.
Gillum "discovered that a
real man is a man that honors
and loves God and his family.
So my image of what a man is
suppose to be is taken exactly
from what God desires us to be
as men."

Gillum will be installed as
pastor of God's Tabernacle of
Deliverance Ministries on Feb.
27 at 10 a.m.
From there he has many
hopes and plans for his fledg-
ing church including a future
Family Enrichment Center and
a computer lab.
Gillum explained, "I just
think that the bigger the vi-
sion is, then the bigger the im-
pact that you can have on the
Rolling Oaks Park is located
at 18701 N.W. 17th Court in
Miami Gardens.

St. Matthews Free Will
Baptist Church invites you to
join us in celebration of Fam-
ily & Friends/Willing Workers
Ministry Day on Feb. 27 at
11:00 a.m. 305-751-4251

The Church of God and
Saints of Christ is celebrat-
ing their Pastor's Anniversary
on Feb. 27 at 3 p.m. at 20314
Northeast 2nd Avenue, Club
House, Rosemont South in

Miami-Dade College's
North Campus is hosting
their free 'Fifth Annual Gospel
Explosion and Soul Food Tast-
ing event on Feb. 26, 5 p.m.
- 8 p.m.

Razor Sharp Ministries
is hosting their annual, free
Fish Fry on Feb. 26 from 10
a.m. to 6 p.m. All meals are
free. 786-346-5207 or 786-

The Parish Youth of
St. Agnes Episcopal Church
will be presenting their annul
Black History Program on Feb.
27 at 10 a.m. followed by an
ethnic dinner.

An House of Prayer for
All People, Inc. will be hav-
ing their Community Fellow-
ship Service on Feb. 23 at 7:30
p.m. 305-474-7430.

The Universal Truth
Center is hosting mini-work-
shops for youth ages 11 -18
during their Seasons for Non-
Violence on Feb. 26 and March
5 and 19, 12:30 p.m. 2:30
p.m. 305-624-4991.

. U True Fellowship Worship
Center is hosting the 2011
Oil of Consecration Women's
Summit. Services will be held
February 21 25 at 7:30 p.m
nightly.; a free Consecration
Breakfast on Feb. 26 at 9:30
a.m. and a Morning Worship
Service on Feb. 27 at 11:30
a.m. 954-927-7837, 954-295-

The second annual Sun-
shine Acapella Black Histo-
ry Choir Concert, 'Believing
Without Seeing,' will be held

Bright Morning

Star sponsors Black

history program

Bright Morning Star F.W.B.
Church is sponsoring a Black
History program 3 p.m., Sun-
day, February 27, located at
1455 NW 53rd Street.
Minister Torrance Poole of
Mt. Calvary Missisonary Bap-
tist Church will be the guest
Bright Morning Star invites
all to come out and hear what
this man of God has to say.

at 3 p.m. on Feb. 27 at the Af-
rican Heritage Cultural Arts
Center. 305-606-2438 or 786-

Running for Jesus Out-
reachYouth Ministry is host-
ing a Gospel Praise and Rap
Service on Feb. 26 at 7:30 p.m.
and is currently accepting ad-
ditional acts. 954-213-4332 or
Redemption Missionary
Baptist Church holds a Fish
Dinner every Friday and Sat-
urday; a Noon Day Prayer Ser-
vice every Saturday; and In-
troduction Computer Classes
every Tuesday and Thursday
at 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Rever-
end Willie McCrae, 305-770-
7064 or Mother Annie Chap-
man, 786-312-4260.

New Life Family Worship
Center welcomes the commu-
nity to their Bible Study Class
at 7 p.m. every Wednesday.

A Mission with a New
Beginning Church mem-
bers invites the community to
their Sunday Worship service
at 11:15 a.m. on Thursdays,
Prayer Meetings at 6:30 p.m.
and Bible Class at 7 p.m.

t Srhady rove %IsSUol-
ary Baptist Church now of-
fers a South Florida Workforce
Access Center for job seekers
open Monday Friday, 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. Maggie Porcher, 305-

The True Word of the
Holiness Church invites you
to attend worship services on
Thursday nights at 8 p.m. and
Sunday at 10 a.m. 305-681-

Christ The King AOCC
Church in Miami Gardens
cordially invites you to Bible
study class to be held on the
first and third Mondays from 6
-7 p.m. 305-621-1513 or 305-
621-6697. Liz Bain, 305-621-

Enjoy a gospel program
at the New Beginning Em-
bassy of Praise on Feb. 26 at 7
p.m. 305-389-6030.

Praise dance classes at

Community Liturgical
Dance Fellowship

Community Liturgical Dance
fellowship Located at New Mt.
Moriah Missionary Baptist
Church, 6700 NW 14 Avenue
invites you each Wednesday
from 6 p.m. to 7 p.m. to come
and join the community of
praise dancers in a wonderful
time with choreographer Rod
The cost is $25 per month. All
ages and abilities are welcome.
For more information, please
call 786-357-4939.

Read-In provides role models

continued from 12B

During the rap session that
Waldy Barthelemy participated
in, the group discussed the im-
portance of having a positive
social circle.
"[The presenter] suggested
that we make the right friends.
Stop hanging out with the per-
son who inspires you to do
wrong, but hang out with the
person who inspires you to do
more in life like get to school

and do your work," Waldy ex-
The African-American
Men Read In was part of the
school's broader initiative to
increase the Black male grad-
uation rate, according to MLK
Jr Elementary School's princi-
Ward explained further, "The
elementary level is where we
care to nurture the kids...
hopefully, our men will go the
next level and continue the

.1. :
.. ~t~~~i~;
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:-L.~il~.~ ;~I:,3~1~t~~-




What parents should know

By Heidi Stevens

"Your children's safety may depend
upon you knowing their text and
instant messaging lingo," says Mary
Jo Rapini, author of "Start Talking:
A Girl's Guide for You and Your Mom
About Health, Sex or Whatever." "Kids
want to fit in and feel good, and there
are people who do not have your chil-
dren's best interest at heart people

who are available at all times via the
Internet and texting."
Rapini likes netsmartz.org, a website
run by the National Center for Missing
and Exploited Children, for its tips on
recognizing cyber risks and how to ap-
proach the topic with your kids. She
says to be on the lookout for bullying
"Bullying is no longer the bullying you
Please turn to TEXTING 16B


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to memory.J!_l M+

F.I ovIe you14

1I hte you: 182 -

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Helping kids

cope with

a parent's

job loss

With the downturn of the economy, unemployment
is having an impact on many people across the coun-
try. Job loss is particularly overwhelming for when
you're a parent because there is so much financial
responsibility resting on your shoulders.
If you've recently lost your job, you may be tempted
to keep the news from your children in order to pro-
tect them. But children have keen intuition and are
likely to notice that something isn't quite right with
Mom or Dad, and in turn, if they're not informed why
a parent seems preoccupied they may begin imagin-
ing worst case scenarios or evep feel that they are to
So what is the best way to deal with job loss? Ac-
cording to Jill Jukes, co-author of "I've Been Fired
Too", we can go a long way in easing the stress as-
sociated with unemployment by informing our chil-
dren in a realistic manner that focuses on a positive
outcome. "It's important for couples to sit down to-
gether and discuss that a parent has been fired and
why, and to give a child age appropriate information,
so that the children have words that they can use with
their friends or anyone who might be talking to them
Please turn to JOB LOSS 16B

~. ."-..

Pick a child's name based upon Black leaders in history

Choosing greatness

Black history is filled with
the extraordinary names of ex-
traordinary achievers. This be-
ing the Black History Month,
we thought we'd look back
through Black history, on the
lookout for the (interesting)
names of people who have
made breakthroughs by being
the first to achieve something,
whether it be in the arena of
government, civil rights, schol-
arship, the professions, sports
or the arts. It's quite surpris-
ing to see how recently some of
them occurred.
Here are some outstanding
Black history names:

Alexia Canada first female
Black neurosurgeon (1984)
Charlotta Bass considered
the first Black woman newspa-
per publisher (1912), and the
first Black person to run for
vice-president (1952)
- Condoleezza Rice first
female head of the National
Security Council (2001), first
Black woman secretary of
state (2005)
- Constance Baker Motley

- first Black woman federal
judge (1966)
Cora M. Brown first Black
woman in the U.S. to be elect-

Honor Black history by se-
lecting a great name for your
ed to a state senate (1952)
- Dorothea Towles first pro-
fessional Black woman model
- Dorothy Dandridge -'first
Black woman nominated for
an Oscar in a leading role
- Ella Fitzgerald first Black
woman to win a Grammy

- Hazel Johnson first Black
woman army general (1979)
- Hazel Scott first Black en-
tertainer to host her own TV
show (1950)
- Ida Rollins the first Black
woman dentist (1890)

- Joycelyn (born Minnie) El-
ders the first Black female
surgeon general of the U.S.
- Lorraine Hansberry first
Black to win the NY Drama
Critics Award (1959)
Please turn to NAMES 16B

Free tutoring offered at

Shenandoah Library

Special to the Miami Times

The Miami-Dade Public
Library System's S.M.A.R.T.
(Science, Math and Reading
Tutoring) Program is offer-
ing free homework assistance
help for students in grades
K-12 beginning on Saturdays
at the Shenandoah Branch Li-
brary 2111 SW 19th Street.
S.M.A.R.T. tutoring sessions
run each Saturday from 10:00
a.m. to 1 p.m. in one-hour ses-
sions. Tutoring is done in small
groups by carefully screened

and experienced educators.
Children should bring their
textbooks, written assign-
ments or any other materials
they have questions about.
Students must be able to work
independently and follow direc-
tions. Students will be added
according to availability on a
first come, first served basis.
For more information about
the S.M.A.R.T. Program, call
305-375-3563 or log on to
www.mdpls.org and click on
Community Services, Kids, or

qXXI ~T.IPk'4J&N

When hard work and talent combine

Special to the Miami Times

It is not surprising that Jowan
Watson is the February Role
Model Student of the Month.
There is a saying that per-
son's "gift" will make room for
them and Jowan uses the very
best of himself to meet the
needs of others. He has been a
member of the 5000 Role Mod-
els of Excellence Project for
three years. Currently, the 8th
grade student at Lake Stevens
Middle School (LSMS) serves
as the president of the 5000
Role Models of Excellence
Jowan is a talented, well-
rounded person. At LSMS,
the dedicate student is active
in the Student Council and
serves as a Peer Mentor for.
other students. He even works
diligently to set a good ex-
ample for his younger brother
who is also a student at LSMS.
Beyond the school campus,
Jowan is also an aspiring mu-
sician. He attends Greater St.

Jowan Watson
Matthew Pentecostal Church
where he participates in the
Youth Choir and plays guitar.
Jowan is dedicated to mak-
ing his dreams come true.
After finishing high school,
he wants to attend Auburn
University and pursue a mu-
sic career. With music as his
tool, he will definitely become
a smooth sensation.

Fow tur Have you or someone you know

LiE_ dropped out, or are you struggling
SdidUcan.com in a traditional high school?

There is a better way to get a high school diploma.

LifeSkills of Miami-Dade has served students
in the community for over 5 years
and has relocated to better serve you.

7900NW 2t66ve..Suit4.-
Fleibe chdue 05.93223 iaiFL334


i- - -- -


Aj f (. ( : 1f.7. 'i .:

1. 4 .j


l- if




Eating more fiber could

mean lnge:r li Tfe

Eat more fiber and you just
may live longer.
That's the message from the
largest study of its kind to find
a link between high-fiber diets
and lower risks of death not only
from heart disease, but from in-
fectious and respiratory illness-
es as well.
The government study also
ties fiber with a lower risk of
cancer deaths in men, but not
women, possibly because men
are more likely to die from can-
cers related to diet, like cancers
of the esophagus. And it finds
the overall benefit to be stron-
gest for diets high in fiber from
Most Americans aren't getting
enough roughage in their diets.
The average American eats only
about 15 grams of fiber each
day, much less than the cur-
rent daily recommendation of 25
grams for women and 38 grams
for men, or 14 grams per 1,000

calories. For example, a slice of
whole wheat bread contains two
to four grams of fiber.
In the new study, the people
who met the guidelines were less
likely to die during a nine-year
follow-up period.
The men and women who
ate the highest amount of fiber
were 22 percent less likely to
die from any cause compared
to those who ate the lowest
amount, said lead author Dr.
Yikyung Park of the National
Cancer Institute.
The study, appearing in
Monday's Archives of Internal
Medicine, included more than
388,000 adults, ages 50 to 71,
who participated in a diet and
health study conducted by the
National Institutes of Health
and AARP.
They filled out a questionnaire
in 1995 or 1996 about their eat-
ing habits. It asked them to es-
timate how often they ate 124

food items. After nine years,
more than 31,000 of the par-
ticipants had died. National re-
cords were used to find out who
died and the cause of death.
The researchers took into ac-
count other risk factors includ-
ing weight, education level,
smoking and health status and
still saw lower risks of death in
people who ate more fiber.
"The results suggest that the
benefits of dietary fiber go be-
yond heart health," said Dr.
Frank Hu of the Harvard School
of Public Health, who wasn't in-
volved in the new research but
co-authored an editorial in the
The evidence for fiber's bene-
fits has been strongest in diabe-
tes and heart disease, where it's
thought to improve cholesterol

R . .- 9-. --

Fiber from grains
was most strongly tied
to the lowered risk.

levels, blood pressure, inflam-
mation and blood sugar levels.
Fiber's benefits also may come
from its theorized ability to bind
to toxins and move them out of
the body quicker. High-fiber di-
ets can promote weight loss by
making people feel full, which
has its own health-promoting
However it works, fiber may
offer a prevention benefit
against killers like pneumonia
and flu, the new study sug-
gests. The cancer benefit may
have shown up only in the men
because they're more likely
than women to die from cancers
related to diet, Park said.
Fiber is found in fruits, vege-
tables and beans. But fiber from
grains was most strongly tied to
the lowered risk in the study.

Home stroke therapy as good as high-tech

By Julie Steenhuysen

Stroke patients who get inten-
sive physical therapy at home
walk just as well after a year
as patients who train on fancy,
high-tech treadmills that sup-
port their weight, U.S. research-
ers said recently.
And patients who start physi-
cal therapy even six months af-
ter a stroke or other injury can
still improve their walking abil-
ity, contradicting previous as-
sumptions that such improve-
ment-islimnited ta- the first half
year, they said.
The surprise findings, re-
leased recently at the American
Stroke Association's Interna-
tional Stroke Conference in Los
Angeles, come from the biggest
stroke rehabilitation study ever
conducted in the United States.
"The results of this study show
that the more expensive, high-
tech therapy was not superior
to intensive home strength and
balance training, but both were
better than lower intensity phys-
ical therapy," said Dr. Walter Ko-
roshetz of the National Institute
of Health's National Institute
of Neurological. Disorders and
Stroke, whose agency funded
the study.
The study expands treatment
options for stroke patients, and
suggests that patients who do
not start physical therapy within
the first six months of their in-
jury can still make gains in their
ability to walk.
"The conventional wisdom is
not true," Katherine Sullivan


.t JA
1 -. rSr Ss-ct~p '

; i;


Patients who did therapy at home fared just as well as those
who took part in the locomotor training and walking practice at
a rehab facility.

of the University of Southern
California, who helped lead the
study, said in a statement.
"The potential for recovery is
well beyond the first few months
after an injury or after a stroke,"
Sullivan said.

The study, dubbed the Loco-
motor Experience Applied Post-
Stroke or LEAPS, set out to de-
termine the best treatments for
the more than four million U.S.

Put these on your plate and eat them

Pack your diet with these items:


Fruits and vegetables At least 4.5 cups

Fiber-rich whole grain At least three 1-ounce servings


Fish At least two 3.5-ounce servings
(preferably oily fish such as salmon or tuna)

Nuts and seeds At least four 1-ounce servings

Limit these items:

* Salt: Less than 1,500 mg of sodium a day.
* Sugar: No more than 36 ounces (450 calories) of sugar-sweet-
ened beverages per week.
* Processed meat: Limit to two servings a week.

A thought on vitamins:

Mega-doses of vitamins are not necessary, Johnson says. "A
healthy eating pattern based on whole foods provides the most
cardiovascular protection," she says. "There's very little evidence
that any one particular vitamin or mineral provides super-pro-

stroke survivors who have trou-
ble walking, raising their risk of
falls, bone fractures and declin-
ing health.
It involved more than 400 pa-
tients with either severe or mod-
erate walking impairments who
were randomly assigned into
three study groups.
Researchers studied the ef-
fectiveness of locomotor train-
ing, an increasingly popular
treatment that involves having
a patient walk on a treadmill
in a harness that provides par-

tial body weight support. After
the treadmill training, patients
practice walking.
In the study, the team evalu-
ated this training program two
months after a stroke and six
months after a stroke.
They compared these two
groups with a home exercise
program managed by a physical
therapist that focused on flex-
ibility, range of motion, strength
and balance.
After a year, 52 percent of
all the study participants had
made significant improvements
in their ability to walk. It made
no difference whether a patient
started physical therapy two or
six months after their stroke.
And patients who did therapy
at home fared just as well as
those who took part in the lo-
comotor training and walking
practice at a rehab facility.
Dr. Bruce Dobkin of the
University of California at Los
Angeles, who helped design
the study, said in a statement
he had expected the locomotor
program to be superior.
"However, we found that
all groups did equally well,
achieving similar gains in
walking speed, motor recovery,
balance, social participation and
quality of life," he said.
Home exercise programs
require less expensive
equipment, less training for the
therapists and fewer clinical
staff members, and the team
suggests this approach may
be the best way to get stroke
survivors back on their feet.

'Pediatrics' study disputes

energy-drink claims

By Nanci Hellmich

A review of the medical lit-
erature says energy drinks
can pose a danger to kids and
young adults with serious
medical problems.
But the caffeinated energy
drinks don't appear to pro-
vide the purported benefits
and can cause problems,
including serious medical
complications, says a re-
view of the scientific lit-
erature published online
today in Pediatrics.
The paper is already .
drawing criticism from PC
the beverage industry,
which says energy
drinks have no more
caffeine than a cup 4
of coffee and aren't 7
widely used by kids
and teens.
Steven Lipshultz, chair
of pediatrics at the University
of Miami School of Medicine,
and colleagues reviewed 121
scientific studies, government
reports and media sources on
energy drinks different from


sports drinks, vitamin waters
and sodas.
Energy drinks usually con-
tain 70 to 80 milligrams of caf-
feine per 8-oz. serving, more
than double many cola drinks.
Energy drinks also
S:aa may contain gua-
Srana, a plant
that contains
caffeine, taurine
(an amino acid),
vitamins, herbal
supplements and
U/ Surveys show
that 30 percent to
50 percent
of teens and young
adults consume en-
ergy drinks, but "we
didn't see evidence that
drinks have beneficial
effects in improving en-
ergy, weight loss, stam-
ina, athletic performance
and concentration," Lipshultz
And the research shows that
children and teens especial-
ly those with cardiovascular,
renal or liver disease, seizures,

New public service ads help

parents get kids on the move

By Nancy Hellmich

Parents who are looking
for ways to get their kids to
be more active may get some
clever ideas from new public
service announcements be-
ing released recently for first
lady Michelle Obama's Let's
Move campaign.
The ads were produced
in partnership with the Ad
Council and created at no
charge by some of the na-
tion's leading advertising

The government's physi-
cal activity guidelines rec-
ommend that children get
at least 60 minutes a day of
moderate to vigorous physi-
cal activity, but many kids
don't meet those goals.
The first lady told USA TO-
DAY last year that her mul-
tifaceted campaign would
push for more healthful food
in schools, more accurate
food labeling, better grocery
stores in communities that
don't have them, public ser-
vice announcements and

This is a still from one of the new public service ads
launch to coincide with one-year anniversary of First
Lady Michelle Obama's Let's Move! Initiative to Com-
bat Childhood Obesity.

The first lady was in At-
lanta recently to celebrate
the first anniversary of her
campaign. to reduce child-
hood obesity. Currently,
about a third of children
and adolescents 25 mil-
lion kids are obese or
overweight, according to the
Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. Those extra
pounds put kids at a greater
risk of developing a host of
debilitating and costly dis-
eases, including type 2 dia-
betes, high blood pressure
and high cholesterol.

efforts to get children to be
more active.
Many of her plans are al-
ready in the works.
"I know from my own expe-
rience, I would move heaven
and earth to give my kids
all the chance in the world
for them to be at the top
of their game in every way,
shape and form," she said.
"Let's Move operates under
the principle that every fam-
ily wants the same thing for
their kid. So we're going to
figure out how to make it
easier for them to get it."

Names to honor Black history

NAMES: ; oinit'Chtefs>6f Staff^'(1989),'
continued from 15B Secretary of State (2001)f
Emmett Ashford first
Octavia Butler the first Black umpire in the major
published female Black sci- leagues (1966)
ence fiction writer (1976) Gordon Parks first Black
Phillis Wheatley pub- photojournalist on Life staff
lished the first book of po- (1949)
etry by an Black (1773) Guion Stewart Bluford, Jr
the first Black American to
BOYS make a space. flight
Alexander Lucius Twi- Hiram Rhodes Revels
light first known Black first Black U.S. senator
person to graduate from an (1870)
American college (1823) Kobe Bryant at 18, the
Atoy Wilson first Black youngest basketball player
American ice skater to win a to play with the NBA (1996)
figure skating title (1966) Langston Hughes wrote
August Wilson first the first play by a Black per-
Black American to have two son to be a Broadway hit
plays"running on Broadway (1935)
(1985) There are of course hun-
Briton Hammon wrote dreds of other barrier-break-
the first known slave autobi- ers, who just happened to
ography (1760) have more common names.
-Coleman Young Detroit's To find out more, I recom-
first Black mayor (1973) mend the book "Black Firsts:
Colin Powell the first 4,000 Ground-Breaking and
Black National Security Ad- Pioneering Historical Events"
visor (1987), chairman of the by Jessie Carney Smith.

Dealing with unemployment

continued from 15B

about it."
Jill adds that children
who have experienced job
loss within their family felt
more empowered and able
to cope when they became a
part of the solution. "When
children were asked to help
out as a result of mom or
dad being fired, they were
very proud of the contribu-
tion they were able to make,"
explains Juke. "Some chil-
dren gave up rooms so that

dad could use it as an office,
they became good message
takers, or were more agree-
able at home. And in the end
when it's all over they were
proud to say, 'We made it as
a family, we participated, we
helped out.'"
All in all, as difficult and
stressful as job loss is, it is
usually temporary. In the
end, there is actually much
to be gained in lessons for
both children and parents
on the benefits of working
through tough times togeth-

Parents guide to texting

continued from 15B

grew up with," she says.
"It is constant torture, and
it happens at a time your
child's sense of self is not
fully developed. This is part
of the reason it can have di-
sastrous effects on children."
Netlingo.com is also a
good source for decoding ac-
ronyms and texting jargon.
The site lets you search in-

dividual terms and also sells
downloadable guides, in-
cluding "The List: A Parent's
Guide to Internet Lingo" and
"Top 50 Internet Acronyms
Parents Need to Know."
"It takes your involve-
ment to keep your child
safe," Rapini says. "Blam-
ing the schools, churches or
wherever else your child en-
countered a harmful person
will not help if your child is

__ _ _______ ___.__I ~__~~_


The Miami Times



X "5 l -


Zinc may

curb cold


By Lynne Peeples.

As everyone knows, there's no cure
for the common cold. So most people
simply suffer through two or more
colds a year, often missing days of
work or school in the process.
Scientists still haven't found a cure,
but a new expert review suggests that
taking zinc supplements may help
ease cold symptoms-and may even
prevent the viral infections altogether.
Nearly 30 years of research on zinc
and colds has had mixed results and
has been marred by iffy studies. To
get a sound big-picture assessment
of zinc's benefits, researchers in In-
dia sifted through the evidence and
analyzed 15 randomized controlled
trials-the "gold standard" in medical
research-that compared zinc with
placebo for the prevention or treat-
ment of the common cold.
When they compiled the evidence,
the researchers found that healthy
adults and children who took zinc
syrup, lozenges, or tablets within 24
hours of their first cough or sniffle
experienced shorter and less severe
colds than the participants who took
a zinc-free placebo. Taking zinc re-
duced the odds that a person would
still be experiencing symptoms at the
seven-day mark by more than half.
Zinc-a mineral that occurs natu-
rally in nuts, seeds, meats, fruits,
and vegetables-also appeared to
help prevent colds. Study partici-
ppaF1stfrWhp tork;:Jn)sfy~p, or loz-
enges daily for at least five months
cut their chances of developing a cold
by about one-third, on average. As
a result, the children in those stud-
ies who took zinc missed fewer days
of school and took fewer antibiotics
than their peers.
"These findings don't surprise me.
We're learning that zinc can be quite
helpful," says David Rakel, MD, direc-
tor of integrative medicine at the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin in Madison, who
was not involved in the review. "We
know it is an important mineral-for
immune function and that it can in-
hibit the replication of some viruses."
Zinc supplements do carry some
potential risks. Some of the study
participants experienced nausea and
a bad taste in their mouths while tak-
ing zinc, for instance. And zinc sup-
plements can interfere with the body's
uptake of other key minerals such as
copper and calcium, Dr. Rakel says.
The authors of the review, which
was published in the Cochrane Li-
brary, stopped short of recommending
over-the-counter zinc supplements.
Because the studies included in the
review were so varied, they wrote, it
wasn't possible to identify an ideal
dose, a formulation, or a schedule for
taking zinc.



HKntfflfli E Di = BW


About one in five children with a cold or other respiratory viral
infection develops a middle ear infection that may range from mild to
severe, says a new study.
U.S. researchers looked at the number of cases of middle ear infec-
tion acute.otitis media among 294 children, ages six months to
three years. Overall, 22 percent of the children developed a middle ear
infection during the first week of respiratory infection.
A diagnosis of acute otitis media was based on the presence of symp-
toms such as fever and earache, plus inflammation of the eardrum
and fluid in the middle ear. Along with the 22 percent of children who.
developed the ear infection, another seven percent had inflammation of
the eardrum without fluid in the middle ear.
Among the children with the middle ear infection, eardrum inflamma-
tion was rated mild in.eight percent, moderate in 59 percent and severe
Please turn to EAR 18B

Many with asthma,

emphysema may

WI^*-^ 'I 1 *
misuse inhakrs

NEW YORK Many people with asthma or em-
physema could be taking their inhaled medicines
incorrectly, researchers say.
When they asked 100 adults hospitalized for
asthma or a lung disease like emphysema to show
how they used their inhalers at home, most made
some type of mistake.
Fortunately, it wasn't hard for them to learn the
correct methods.
Overall, patients misused metered-dose inhal-
ers nearly nine out of 10 times, and Diskus
inhalers seven out of 10 times, the research-
ers report in the Journal of General Internal
Both types of inhalers deliver medication directly to the airways.
Diskus inhalers are used mainly for "controller" medications -
the ones patients take regularly to keep asthma or other lung dis-
ease symptoms under control. Metered-dose inhalers can be used
for controller or "rescue" medications, which patients take during
severe episodes of breathlessness and other symptoms.
The two types of inhalers work by different mechanisms, and
require different steps to deliver the medication to the lungs.
So for people who use both which is quite common the
ins-and-outs of correct use can be particularly tricky, said lead
researcher Dr. Valerie G. Press of the University of Chicago. With
metered-dose inhalers, people have to inhale slowly, for example,
while the Diskus device requires a sharp inhalation.
"Respiratory inhalers require multiple coordinated steps," Press
Please turn to ASTHMA 18B

The key for patients is,

don't assume that inhalers

should be easy to use, and

don't be afraid to ask ques-




Even kid; aq)4.V ges'~ q 9ut,,Q,rtepo.,,.
that it affects their phvyical and psychological
The American Academy of Pediatrics says
these are possible signs that your child is under
too much stress:
Physical complaints such as a stomach
ache or headache.
Fatigue, resdessness or agitation.
Signs of depression, although the child is
not very communicative.
Irritability and loss of interest in favorite
Lack of interest in school, dropping
Behavioral changes such as lying, stealing,
avoiding responsibilities at home or becoming
more dependent on parents.

Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones and
teeth. According to the American Academy
of Family Physicians, it can also help protect
against chronic disease, including diabetes,
heart disease and cancer.
The academy says these people may be
at higher-than-normal risk of a vitamin D
Senior citizens.
Babies who are breast-fed.
Anyone who has darker skin or lives in
-areas that get less-than-average amounts of
Anyone who is obese.
Anyone who doesn't properly absorb
nutrients, including people with inflammatory
bowel disease or cystic fibrosis.
Anyone who takes medications called

Treating Blacks with mental illness: A personal testimony


By Gordon Jackson
NNPA Special Correspondent

The issue of parity along ethnic
lines when it comes to participation
in groundbreaking clinical trials is
quite real for me. I've witnessed sev-
eral of them up front close and
I have actual experience with
clinical trials and while there have
been some definite positives and
benefits for me, I have still come
away with mixed feelings about
their effectiveness, particularly for
me as a Black man.
Ive been to clinical trials not be-
cause of cancer, heart disease or
hypertension but because of de-
pression. I'm not embarrassed or
ashamed to say it. That, by itself,

raises an important health issue in
our Black community, which is the
fact that a much lower percentage
of Blacks reach out to get treatment
for mental illness than our white
That makes for a vicious irony
for Blacks. Given the vestiges of
slavery, Jim Crow and blatant dis-
crimination, it is understandable
that Blacks suffer from a variety
of mental health issues. But we
are often the last group to go out
and get it. It's a deeper stigma for
us. We've been taught, or brain-
washed, depending on your per-
spective, to just "deal with it."
What attracted me to clinical tri-
als was the reality that I have al-
ways been in a low-income status,
largely due to working with small

businesses with very tight bud-
gets. Therefore, I have rarely been
able to afford or any form of health
insurance or benefits. I have been
able to receive treatments and
medication at little or no cost,
which is considerably less than
paying a doctor. That probably ap-
plies to a lot of Blacks.
In one case, I was fortunate to
be assigned a- psychologist, with
whom I had bi-weekly sessions
for nearly to a year. This therapist
did indeed help me deal with and
work through some personal is-
sues in my life for which I'm grate-
ful. However, when I attempted to
discuss my racial battles and ex-
Speriences this well-meaning white
female showed a look on her face
that said it all she didn't know

how to help me. I came away
thinking that if my therapist had
been Black, I would have felt more
comfortable expressing my issues
of race. They might not necessar-
ily agree, but they could have at
least acknowledged my views and
That has raised the question for
me: why aren't there more Black
health professionals, doctors, psy-
chologists, nurses and medical as-
sistants working in these clinical
trials? That could be the reason
there is a lack of Black patients
in these studies. In some cases, it
may turn into a chicken or the egg
scenario. Are there too few Black
patients because there are too few
Black health practitioners in clini-
cal trials, or vice-versa?

What middle-aged woman hasn't begged
the question: Is it warm in here or is it me?
That hot, hot feeling that seems to come
over you at the most inopportune times is a
natural part of life: hot flashes. But they can
be avoided.
The first step is figuring out what brings
them on. Personal triggers could include stress,
alcohol, caffeine, diet pills, spicy or hot food,
hot tubs, saunas, hot showers, hot beds, hot
rooms, hot weather and smoking.
Even if you can't avoid hot flashes, you
can survive them. Here are some tips from
Dress in layers, so you can peel off one
layer after another as you get warmer.
Don't wear wool or synthetics, and be
wary of silk. That leaves cotton, linen, rayon,
and more cotton.
Avoid turtlenecks. Stick to open-neck
Keep ice water at hand that you can sip to
cool down.





; EX''

*****....****....****..0.****....****..6**.**..................** ****************** ...................... ************* **




Go ahead,


on the go

Health.corm selects

10 healthful choices

By Nanci Hellmich

Breakfast is a great way to start the day,
but if you're eating out, you have to pick and
choose carefully to avoid high-calorie land-
To help people sort through the maze
of choices, the editors of Health magazine
(health.com) worked with nutrition experts
to study the calories and other nutrition
facts of breakfasts offered at popular chain
To make the magazine's list of the healthi-
est fast-food breakfasts, the meals had to be
no more than 400 calories, be low in satu-
rated fat and have a good mix of protein,
complex carbohydrates and healthy fats,
says Ellen Kunes, the magazine's editor in
They also had to have at least three grams
of fibre and contain less than 700 milligrams
of sodium, she says. All but the No. 10 selec-
tion on the list, Panera Bread's breakfast
power sandwich, met the sodium standard.
Nutritionists have long talked about the
importance of starting the day with a health-
ful meal. "Eating breakfast helps fuel your
brain for mental alertness, and it prevents
you from being hungry and snacking on
less-than-healthy foods before lunch," Kunes
"It's the best chance to get some good stuff
into your diet: fiber, fruit and calcium. Those
are things that most people don't get enough

The cure for common cold? There is none

By Uz Szabo

Americans catch an estimated
one billion colds each year.
And by this time of year, as weary
cold sufferers line up at local phar-
macies, it may not sound surpris-
ing that Americans spend at least


$4.2 billion annually on over-the-
counter cough and cold medica-
tions and even more on alterna-
tive therapies.
Yet here are the dirty little secrets
about the common cold: Nothing
cures it. And most popular rem-
edies have little to no real effect on
"In a nutshell, there's nothing
that works," says physician Aaron
Glatt, a spokesman for the Infec-
tious Diseases Society of America.
"There's a tremendous industry
out there, and some people really
swear by them. But there really

know whether folksy remedies -
such as hot tea, garlic or chicken
soup have any effect, say pedia-
tricians Rachel Vreeman and Aar-
on Carroll, authors of Don't Swal-
low Your Gum! Myths, Half-Truths
and Outright Lies About Your Body
and Health. That's partly because

big drug companies tend not to in-
vest in studies of common foods or
products that people can buy any-
"When it comes to over-the-coun-
ter therapies, they're pretty cheap,
so people will buy them anyway,"
Carroll says. "But if they don't
work, you shouldn't be surprised."
Yet he adds, "if tea makes you feel
better, go ahead. If a warm blanket
and a pillow makes you feel better,
do it."
In some cases, however, even
over-the counter drugs can have
serious side effects. In children,

So what CAN you do?

The only proven way for people
to avoid colds is to wash their hands
frequently and avoid tobacco smoke,
which irritates the respiratory tract,
says physician Aaron Glatt, a spokes-
man for the Infectious Disease Society
of America.
The only product that can prevent
the flu is the influenza vaccine, says
Wendy Weber, a program officer at
the the National Center for Comple-
mentary and Alternative Medicine,
part of the National Institutes of
Health. Flu season tends to peak in
February, so getting vaccinated now
can still keep people healthy.
John Santa, a physician and director
of Consumer Reports' Health Ratings
Center, says people are-acrually better
off if they don't treat certain symp-
toms, such as a mild cough or runny
nose, since these are the body's ways
of ridding itself of germs.
"The symptoms are actually your
immune system working," Santa says.
"When you have a virus, there is a war
going on, and there is a lot of debris
that your upper airway needs to get
rid of. You are blowing out the bugs.
So, really, the symptoms are the cure."

cines rather than time should
get the credit, says James Taylor, a
pediatrics professor at the Univer-
sity of Washington whose research
has been funded by the National
Center for Complementary and Al-
ternative Medicine (NCCAM) at the
National Institutes of Health.
Cold sufferers are so desperate
for help that even placebos can
make people feel better about a
third of the time, says Glatt.
There's no objective way to assess
whether something makes some-
one feel less congested or sneezy,
Taylor says. So researchers have to
rely on imprecise measurements,
such as asking people to rate their
symptoms on a scale. And many
studies are of such poor quality as
to be unreliable, he says. Patients
shouldn't put a lot of stock in a sin-
gle study, because results may be
a fluke. Doctors usually wait until
findings have been replicated be-
fore endorsing new treatments.
USA TODAY asked experts to
summarize the evidence for some

of the most commonly used over-
the-counter and alternative rem-

In the lab, these over-the-coun-
ter drugs look like a winner.
Decongestants shrink dilated
blood vessels in the nose, which
should provide relief for that
stuffed-up feeling, says Elizabeth
F'underbunk, a spokeswoman for
the Consumer Healthcare Products
In the real world, however, their
effects are modest at best.
A single dose of a nasal decon-
gestant reduces adults' symptoms
by six percent, according to a 2007
Cochrane Systematic Review. Addi-
tional doses reduced symptoms by
just 4 percent. While a 1998 study
found that antihistamines slightly
reduce sneezing or a runny nose,
another review found they offer lit-
tle to no relief for overall cold symp-
toms or coughs.
To reduce the risk of side effects,
it's best to take the lowest dose
possible such as found in nasal
sprays, says Sidney Wolfe, director
of Public Citizen's Health Research
Group. He prefers decongestant
nasal sprays because they contain
25 to 50 times less medication than
pills. Even then, people shouldn't
use nasal sprays for more than a
few days, because overuse can ac-
tually increase congestion. Wolfe
also advises avoiding products
that treat multiple symptoms, be-
cause they typically provide much
more medication than people really
need, increasing the risks without
adding to their benefits.

Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling
popularized the idea of taking high
doses of vitamin C to prevent colds.
A variety of recent studies have
shown this is just wishful thinking,
however, Vreeman and Carroll say.
A review of studies with a total
of 11,000 people found that taking
200 milligrams or more of vitamin
C a day didn't reduce the chance of
getting a cold, and it reduced the
duration of a cold only by a matter
of hours. The only people who got
any protection against colds from
vitamin C were those whose bodies
were under extreme stress, such as
soldiers in sub-arctic conditions,
Please turn to COLD 19B

aren't great studies to show any
Some remedies have been more
rigorously tested than others. In a
petri dish, many appear promising.
When tested in humans, however,
cold remedies tend to fizzle out,
Glatt says.
And there's just not enough rig-
orously performed research to

cough and cold remedies are not
only ineffective, but can be harm-
ful, Vreeman and Carroll says.
That's why manufacturers no lon-
ger sell these drugs for kids under
age four.
. Since colds go away on.their own
in about a week, improving a little
each day after symptoms peak, it's
easy to believe that favorite medi-

Abusing asthma meds

Casual video games can reduce

depression, research suggests

By Mike Snider

Playing casual video games such
as Bejeweled could help reduce
depression and anxiety in patients
with depression, a study suggests.
Researchers at the East Carolina
University Psychophysiology Lab
and Biofeedback Clinic found that
patients who played Bejeweled 2,
Peggle and Bookworm Adventures
reduced by more than half their
depression symptoms. The study,
conducted with 59 subjects between
August and November 2010, was
underwritten by PopCap Games; the
research is expected to be published
later this year in Applied Psycho-
physiology and Biofeedback.
Researchers divided the 59
subjects with depression: 30 could
play one of the games; the other 29
served as the control group by surf-
ing the National Institutes of Mental
Health's Web page on depression.
Those who played games had

significant reductions in depres-
sion symptoms: seven who suffered
moderate to severe depression
moved to minor or minimal depres-
sion categories, and five of nine
subjects with minor depression
dropped to minimal depression.
Dr. Carmen Russoniello, the lab's
director and the professor who
oversaw the study, says the study
is the first to measure the effec-
tiveness of video games in reduc-
ing depression and anxiety. Other
findings included improvements
in all aspects of mood. The effects
were short term (30 minutes after
playing) and long term (one month
"In my opinion the findings sup-
port the possibility of using pre-
scribed casual video games for
treating depression and anxiety as
an adjunct to, or perhaps even a
replacement for, standard therapies
including medication," Russorliello
said in a statement.

continued from 17B

said. "They are not just point-
Ideally, people who use inhal-
ers should bring them to their
doctor appointments and dem-
onstrate how they use the de-
vices at home, Press noted. But
in reality, that may not hap-
"The key for patients is, don't
assume that inhalers should
be easy to use, and don't be
afraid to ask questions," Press
The 100 patients in the study
were at one of two Chicago
hospitals because of serious
asthma or worsening of their
chronic obstructive lung dis-
ease, or COPD. COPD is the
medical term for disease that
blocks the flow of air in and out
of the lungs.
Some of the patients, Press
said, were hospitalized due to
near-fatal complications -
making it especially critical
that they know how to properly
use their inhalers.
When the researchers asked
everyone to demonstrate how
they used their inhalers at
home, one of the biggest prob-
lems was that patients failed to
breathe out fully before placing

continued from 17B

in 35 percent. Of the 126 chil-
dren who had the infection in
both ears, the infection was
more pronounced in one ear in
54 percent of the cases.
In general, children with the
infection were treated with-
out antibiotics whenever pos-
sible. Of the 28 children with
mild middle ear infection, 24
improved without antibiotics,

the inhaler in the mouth.
One of the obstacles, Press
and her colleagues found, ap-
peared to be vision problems.
Nearly all patients with poor
vision used the Diskus inhal-
er incorrectly, compared with
slightly more than half of those
with adequate vision.
It might be that vision prob-
lems make it harder for people
to read the inhalers' instruc-
tions, which are typically writ-
ten in very small letters, Press
On the bright side, though,
the researchers also found it
didn't take much to improve
people's inhaler use.
Forty-two participants were
given one or two lessons on
how to use the devices, which
included having them "teach"
the techniques back to the
researchers. All were able to
master the techniques for both
"In general," Press said, "it's
very important for people to
know how to use their medica-
tions properly."
For people with asthma or
COPD, she said, trouble con-
trolling symptoms might be a
sign the inhaler isn't being used
correctly, and they should ask
their doctor to evaluate how
they're using it.

four got worse and three of
them eventually required anti-
The study appears in the
February issue of The Pediatric
Infectious Disease Journal.
The findings suggest that
many children with mild middle
ear infections can be managed
without antibiotics, said lead
author Dr. Stella U. Kalu, Uni-
versity of Texas Medical Branch
at Galveston, and colleagues,
in a journal news release.

Taking zinc lozenges or syrup within 24

hours after the beginning of symptoms cut

short people's colds by about one day.

Ear infections in children

ioD I nE MIAMI I imla, rL onumn I L, i, L




Greater Harvest celebrate first church anniversary

Theme: "A church cultivated
from the past, rooted in the
present and growing into the
future." Romans 6:4

Rev. Kenneth McGee and
the disciples of Greater Har-
vest Baptist Church, will cel-
ebrate their first church an-
niversary 10 a.m., Sunday,

February 27 at El Palacio Ho-
tel, 9th floor, located on the
corner of NW 27th Avenue
and 215th Street (Countyline
The guest speaker will be
Dr. Ricardo Hall, Dean of Stu-
dents from the University of
Miami. Dr. Hall received his
Ph.D. from Clemson Univer-

sisn and has held several pro-
gressive leadership positions
in student affairs at several
schools. He is married and
has three daughters.
The Greater Harvest Baptist
Church family cordially invite
the entire community at large
to come and join them in this
glorious celebration.

* *a

Parents warned on energy drink dangers

Please turn to DRINK 19B
conitnued from 16B

diabetes, mood and behavior
disorders and hyperthyroid-
ism are at a higher risk
for health complications from
these drinks, says Lipshultz, a
pediatric cardiologist.
He encourages pediatricians

and parents to talk to kids
and teens about whether they
should be drinking such bev-
Maureen Storey of the Amer-
ican Beverage Association,
an industry group, said in a
statement that "this litera-
ture review does nothing more
than perpetuate misinforma-
tion about energy drinks, their

ingredients and the regulatory
She says government data
indicate that the "caffeine con-
sumed from energy drinks for
those under the age of 18 is
less than the caffeine derived
from all other sources includ-
ing soft drinks, coffee and
Red Bull said in a statement

that the study "largely ignores
in its conclusions the genuine,
scientifically rigorous exami-
nation of energy drinks by rep-
utable national authorities ...
The effects of caffeine are well-
known, and as an 8.4-oz. can
of Red Bull contains about the
same amount of caffeine as a
cup of coffee (80 milligrams),
it should be treated accord-

Some methods to reducing cold symptoms

continued from 18B

according to the NCCAM.

Echinacea, an herb, has been
used for years as a folk reme-
dy, Taylor says. Scientists have
been intrigued by echinacea be-
cause of laboratory studies sug-
gesting that some constituents
decrease inflammation, while
others appear to boost the im-
mune system.
But improving immunity in a
human being is far more compli-
cated than in a petri dish, says
Wendy Weber, a program officer
at NCCAM. She notes that there
are three species of echinacea
that are used medicinally, and
concentrations can vary from
bottle to bottle.
Three studies funded by NC-

CAM concluded that echinacea
was no better than a placebo for
treating or preventing a cold.
While doctors continue to re-
search echinacea, Weber says
there isn't yet enough evidence
to prescribe it. And although
echinacea is the most com-
monly used herbal supplement
in children, studies also show it
can slightly increase kids' risk
of rash.

Although research has pro-
duced mixed results on zinc,
a new analysis suggests that
these supplements offer some
help if people can stand them.
In a research review of 15
studies published today in The
Cochrane Library, taking zinc
lozenges or syrup within 24
hours after the beginning of
symptoms cut short people's

colds by about one day.
Although the review suggests
that these zinc products might
also make cold symptoms less
severe, Vreeman notes that the
quality of the studies wasn't
very strong suggesting that
future research could come up
with a different conclusion.
"One of the big challenges with
this research is that they have
a hard time making a placebo
that people actually believe in,"
Vreeman says. "The bad taste of
zinc, and the fact that it often
makes people feel nauseous,
are common, and tend to make
it clear who is getting the zinc
and who is getting the placebo."
Vreeman notes that many
people may decide that the
treatment is worse than putting
up with a cold for one more day.
Some forms of zinc also pose
serious risks.


The Food and Drug Admin-
istration in 2009 warned con-
sumers not to use any intra-
nasal zinc products because of
concerns that it can make peo-
ple lose their sense of smell.

Generations have turned to
hot tea with honey to soothe a
sore throat.
One study, in which children
over age two were given up to
two teaspoons of honey before
bedtime, found that honey did
help reduce coughing. But We-
ber notes that additional stud-
ies are needed. She says honey
should never be given to chil-
dren under age one because of
the risk of botulism. And while
many people like honey cough
drops, Weber notes that they
can a choking hazard to ba-
bies and toddlers.

Free hot

dinner for

the community
Come out and support the
efforts to feed the community
led by the Haines and Slocum
families. Free hot meals will be
served 4 p.m., Sunday at 1500
NW 69 Terrace.
The Ghost Face Riders will be
the special guest.

Bishop Joyner
celebrates 15th
pastoral anniversary

A Mission with a New Begin-
ning Church celebrates Bishop
Eugene Joyner 15 pastoral an-
Services 7:30 p.m. from
Tuesday, March 1 thru Fri-
day, March 4. The culminate at
11:30 a.m., Sunday March 6.
Theme: A humble man of
God; Chosen and Exalted by
God. -1 Peter 5: 1-3, 6

Bridget Haines

Bishop Eugene Joyner

Bishop birthday celebration and banquet

New Changing Life Deliver-
ance Church, located at 6942
NW 15 Avenue, joyfully invites
you to join them as they cel-
ebrate Bishop Bobby Wellons
The celebration honoring this
man of God will begin 8 p.m.,
nightly, February 22-25 at the
The celebration will conclude
with an annual birthday ban-
quet beginning 7 p.m., Satur-
day, March 5, at the Salvation
Army, located at 361 NW 67
The theme for this blessed
event is "I'm going through, but
I'm coming out (the best is yet
to come)."
Come out and see God's good-

Bishop Bobby Wellons
ness in action.
For more information, please
call 305-493-2686 or 786-316-

S ..
lH- '*'"-,.

Revival Center
6702 N.W. 15th Avenu

Order of SI

t, layers ca

f in I l i

Mt. Calvary Missionary
Baptist Church
ie 1140 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.

ervi(ke Order of Services
r iMaL dind 1irr0 lon Dal PoII,W
;a 1 ALI W W.. .. |]. m
p fflofn I --j^^^^^^ 1. - .

r -lum
I 730pm

Temple Missionary
Baptist Church
1723 N.W. 3rd Avenue

Order of Senrvices
R P lmI'. trl.m

Rev. Dr. Glena6 n Dev.n
Ibu0tn&4rinirii, 1ia
^^^^^ll ^^^^^^

Su*l InW '30 aiO

St. Mark Missionary
Baptist Church
1470 N.W. 87th Street

,- Order of Services
* 5ur 1rr130and 1 im
3 m l Suadrtlll
h'd l I am Wadr

Hosanna Communityi Uberty City Church
Baptist Churh of Christ
2171 W. 56th Street 1263 N.W. 67th Street

SOrder of Services Order of Services


S Sudiav Shml 9 4 o IT
Itothf,p Ilam
',I le 5tind lhui,,unf 11 Hi m i
Y uWh MednpiA
vMon 0id 6p.n

Suind iMrning a m
M undal Strho a I10m
ndoy f,ning 6 p i
T Moao lkn(e 1 0 pm
[lun Frldllanhip 0 aom.
'!Dr. Freeman T. Wyche, Sr.

Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church
15250 N.W. 22nd Avenue

S- Order of Servites

,, r q M, 10 Iloue
Rev Ro r ,Aoisll, Ploam
; *--- Lrdr^..

-e.CareLe ik

Jordan Grove Missionary New Vision For Christ i
Baptist Church Ministries
5946 NW, 12th Avenue 13650 N.E. 10th Avenue

S Order of Services -, Order of Services .

G O I aO1o9m i B sAlm lamlom

04l m LTTm' p 30p i1 m ivA-Ay N Naw g 730 P
I-- -- ^wI S i^ II~fi

Antioch Missionary Baptist
Church of Brownsville
2799 W. 46th Street

..--....- ..'---I., Order of Services

: SnS Mdn Si lpIcm
1pm I lm
(nm;4a WwO ?AIpm

93rd Street Community
Missionary Baptist Church
2330 N.W 93rd Street

Order of Services
130 lNlar n .mVM Wpsh
II I am .Ma uq Wanrap
V m Il91WAOI 6piin
I 116 Widyi,7pi.
| sdop.j MhktI i i1

Zion Hope
Missionary Baptist
5129 N.W. 17th Avenue
i ,m .

Order of Services

jg lra iciW a6olln,
I' ruiaj'Wba'~ro

i, P" &m W e B p r
n iik I V,

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New Birth Baptist Church, The Cathedral of Faith International
2300 NW. 135th Street

Order of Servaes
Sunday Worship a.m.,
11 a.m., 7 p.m.
Sunday School 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday (Bible Sludy) 6:45p.m.
Wednesday Bible Study
1045a m

1(800) 254-18(
Fax: 305685-0705

Pembroke Pork Church of Christ
3707 S.W. 56th Avenue Hollywood, FL 33023
...11.. fWiiFHuimf I m
Order of Services
Sunday: Bible Study 9 a.m. Morning Worship 10 a8
Evening Worship 6p.m,
Wednesday General Bible Sudy 7:30 p.m.


Television Program Sure Foundation
My33 WBFS/Conast 3 Saturday 7:30 a.m.
Vw- pembrfokepwkcltrboriftiistrcam pemabralrtor(O*blsoublh,.l

First Baptist Missionary
Baptist Church of Brownsville
4600 N.W. 23rd Avenue

Order of Servies
J1 11r / It l.
*m- in loam
ugd Piae I TOSTU

*Bisho VictorTCurrM,.,S

I Friendship Missionary Baptist Church
740 N.W. 58th Street

Order ol Service
Hour of Prayer 6 30 a.m Early Morning Worship 110 a m
Sunday Sihool 9 30 a m Morning Worship II a m
Youlh MinIlry Study Wed 7 p.m. Prayer/Bible Study Y.'nl 7 p m
Noonday Allar Prayer (MF)
Feeding Ihe Hungry every Wednesday .II a m. I p.m.
wvw Irtndsh,pribtni or r IienIdshipopiaft ellirouih nei

Church of Christ
4561 N.W. 33rd Court

k rs mrl 3s M I nilip a 'm
|rdy Wnmdr I. r< d)Spi n


SSt. John Baptist Church
1328 N.W. 3rd Avenue

Oldei of ISenrie

s DeansAdams






Pastor Douglas Cookr

'. I ...I


osw ~~"





employed mas- .
ter mechanic,
died February
15 at Hialeah r,
Hospital. Ser-
vice 10:30 a.m.,
Friday at Mt. Ta-
bor Missionary
Baptist Church.

(RALPH), 43,
died February
17. Service 1
p.m., Saturday
in the chapel.

sanitation en-
gineer, died
February 15 at
home. Service
11 a.m., Satur-
day in the cha-

83, nurse, died
February 20 at
home. Arrange-
ments are in-

ERNEST BURKE, 53, laborer
construction, died February 18 at
Jackson Memorial Hospital. Ser-
vice 4 p.m., Saturday in the chapel.

Hall Ferguson Hewitt
worker, died
February 16 at
home. Survi-
vors include:
mother, Dorothy
Johnson; five
sisters, Ogiretia
Patterson (Hor-
ace,) Jacqueline, Sharon and Patri-
cia Johnson, Linda Shaw (Frank);
one step-sister, Andrea Rogers.
Service 10 a.m., Saturday at Mt.
Calvary M.B.C.

83, retired teach-
er, died February
19 at UM Hos-
pital. Survivors:
daughters, San-
dra (Matthew).
Williams, Olive
Lenora (John)
Johnson, Denise Flores and Syl-
via (Earl) Scrivens; nieces, Delores
Weaver and Ruth Davis; nephew, Al-
fred Jones; first cousins, Earl Carroll,
Jean, Morely, Dr. Whittington John-
son, and Judy Carroll; grandchildren,
Sr. Chief U.S. Navy Heerey Gaston,
Tannise Barry, Donna Dewberry,
Rachelle Surrancy, Antwan Bell,
Tameka Jones, Ishmael Thompkins,
Shante Bell, Jekeva Green, Monique
Duggins, Kenneth Sellers, Gabriel
Sellers, Nathaniel Johnson, Mat-
thew Williams III and Joel Johnson.
Litany, 6:30 p.m., Friday, February
25 at The Church of the Incarnation.
Service 11 a.m., Saturday at The
Church of the Incarnation.

DEBRA AUSTIN, 54, executive
died February
19 in Miami.
Survivors in-
clude: one son,
Jermaine King ,
(wife, Victo-
ria) of Tampa;
one daughter,
Shenyetta Garner of Miami; one
loving grandson, Jordan Garner of
Miami. To all who knew and loved
her please know that God's per-
fect and permissive will was done.
Viewing 6 p.m. to 8 p.m., Friday.


welder, died February 18 at Jack-
son North Hospital. Service 3 p.m.,
Saturday at the Universal Truth
Center for Better Living Church.

Hadley Davis
waitress, died
February 19.
Service Sat-
urday at Saint
Boniface Cath-
olic Church
time to be an-

February 20
at Mount Sinai
Hospital. Ser-
vice 1 p.m., Sat-

VELMA YOUNG, 57, housing
manager, died
February 15 at
Hialeah Hospi-
tal. Service 11
a.m., Saturday
in the chapel.

MARCIA FAIRLY, 53, care-
taker, died
February 15 at
Jackson Memo-
rial Hospital.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday at
Mount Olivette
Missionary Bap-

JAMES JACKSON, 79, died at
Vista Hospice.
Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday at
New Missionary
Baptist Church.

clerk, died i I
February 18 at
home. Service
11 a.m., Satur- i
day at St. Luke
Missionary Bap-
tist Church.

EVEYLN DARDY, 69, nurse
aide, died Feb-
ruary 19 at
home. Survi-
vors include:
daugther, Diane;
sister, Vassie;
brothers, Arthur,
Horrace and
Willie Thomp-
kins. Viewing 5 p.m. To 9 p.m., Fri-
day. Service 11 a.m., Saturday at
Croom's Temple C.O.G.I.C.

LEON WILLIAMS, 49, truck
driver, died
February 16 at
Jackson North
Hospital. Sur-
vivors include:
loving children,
Latavior Smith,'
Keon Williams,
Shannon Ever-
ett, Khadijah Williams, and Alexis
Williams Viewing 2-8 p.m., Friday.
Service 2 p.m., Saturday in the


VIS, 45, home-
maker, died
February 15 at
Jackson Memo- i
rial Hospital.
Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday at Mt. "
Calvary Mis-
sionary Baptist

MCARTHUR JONES, 59, retired

Sgt. Metro Dade
corrections, died
February 19 at
Home. Service
11 a.m., Satur-
day at New Life
Baptist Church,
5005 NW 173rd

cAeL.L3ioui 6L6te

CALL 305-694-6214

Donald Trimble
truck driver, died
Feb. 21 in Ellen-
wood, Georgia.
Service 2:30
p.m., Saturday
Donald Trimble

Mortuary, 1876
2nd Avenue,
Decatur, GA

A.J. Manu
Service 10 a.m., i
Saturday at Jor-
dan Grove.

LILA LEWIS, 42, die
12:30 p.m., Saturday
Baptist Church Dania.

In Memor

In loving memory o

. '

Dear Jack,
It's been one year since you
left us. We miss you very
Love mama, Lola White and

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

We miss you dearly.
From your loving children.



By Kaila Heard

l ~Reverend Dr. Philip Clarke,
Jr., the senior pastor of St.
.. Matthews Missionary Baptist
Church for 41 years, died re-
cently. He was 74 years old.
St. Matthews MBC Dea-
con Connie James had known
jel Clarke for over 40 years. The
69-year-old said that Clarke
19 ie "was a man that would help you
if he saw that you were in trou-
ble. Anything that he can do to
help you he would do it."
Clarke was born on April 28,
1936 in Moss Town, Exuma,
Bahamas to the late Philip
Clarke, Sr. and Clotilda Clarke.
Clarke Jr. would go on to grad-
uate from Prince Williams Bap-
tist High and late would receive
d. Service his diploma of Theology from
at Bethel the Bahamas Baptist Institute
in 1959. He later served as
the assistant pastor of Salem
Union Baptist Church in Nas-
iam sau for seven years. A lifelong
long learner, Clarke would
if, continue to seek and acquire
knowledge. He eventually trav-
eled to Miami to attend Florida
Memorial University (then Col-
lege), from 1968 1972 where
he received his bachelor de-
gree. Clarke later attended St.
Thomas University, Rochester
rI Divinity School, and Jackson-
ville Baptist Theological Semi-
I nary. He eventually received

03/13/54 02/26/06

Our cherished love for you
still grows and is eternally
etched in our hearts and
Your son, Robert Paul
Jones; parents, Robert C.
and Eolyn R. Jones; sisters,
Joycelyn (Matthew) Lawrence
and Vanessa Bellamy; broth-
ers, Broderick and Robert Jr.,
and a faithful friend, Emma

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,
2 .'-....

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,

02/25/38 07/06/10

We really miss you.
Fannie A. Penn and family.

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

his doctorate of Divinity from
Atlantic College's Atlantic
Theological Seminary In Nas-
sau, Bahamas in 2003.
In addition to the duties of
leading his own congregation
at St. Matthews Missionary
Baptist Church, Clarke tire-
lessly lent his services to oth-
er causes and organizations.
Among his affiliations were
his tenure as the Dade United
Baptist Association's dean of
Congress of Christian Educa-
tion; the Seaboard Baptist As-
sociation's president of Con-
gress of Christian Education;
a member of the Baptist Min-
istries Council; a member of
the African-American Christian
Clergy and a member of the
Miami Job Corps Board of Di-
rectors. Clarke also worked as

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

' -

02/15/29 02/22/06

Daddy, we miss your smil-
ing face.
Love always Lolita, Harriet,
Angelia, grandchildren and

Happy Birthday

a substitute teacher when his
schedule permitted.
According to friends and col-
leagues, his dedication to ser-
vice was simply a part of his
In spite of his many other ob-
ligations, under Clarke's lead-
ership, St. Matthews MBC cur-
rently has over 400 members.
During his tenure's final years,
Clarke continued to work tire-
lessly for his church.
"It was like he had a vision on
his way out," said Nat Miller,
the chairman for the church's
Trustee Board.
Miller described a few of
Clarke's final projects including
renovating the entire church
and establishing the Patricia
Moss Scholarship Fund, an
award for students who are in-
terested in pursuing careers in
the medical field.
When he was not working,
Clarke preferred to relax by
reading, watching sports and
playing dominoes.
Clarke is survived by his wife,
Marjorie; three sons, Rever-
end Warren (Theresa), Lynden
(LaTosha) and Tedford; one
daughter, Imogene (Calvin); sis-
ter Hester Bowe; and 10 grand-
children and one great grand-
For those interested in donat-
ing to the Patricia Moss Schol-
arship Fund, please call 305-



During the past sev-
eral weeks, our readers
might have noticed that
our obituary page has
been shorter than usual.
The reason is not that the
number of deaths in our
community have sudden-
ly declined but because
our newspaper is not get-
ting the information on all
of the deaths.
For some reason, 14
of the 34 Black funeral
homes have informed The
Miami Times that they
will not submit any more
death notices to our news-
paper for publication:
Bain Range/Range, Gregg
L. Mason, Poitier, D. Rich-
ardson, A. Richardson,
Mitchell, Jay's Hall-Fer-
guson-Hewitt, Kitchens,
Wright & Young, Pax Villa,
Stevens, Carey, Royal &
Rahming and Royal.
This newspaper contin-
ues to publish all death
notices submitted to us
as a public service free of
charge as we have been
doing for the past 88
If your funeral home
does not submit the in-
formation to us, you may
submit it on your own.
Please consult our obitu-
ary page for further infor-
mation or call 305-694-


As a public service to
our community, The Miami
Times prints weekly obituary
notices submitted by area fu-
neral homes at no charge.
These notices include:
name of the deceased, age,
place of death, employment,
and date, location, and time
of service.
Additional information and
photo may be included for a
nominal charge. The dead-
line is Monday, 2:30 p.m.
For families the deadline is
Tuesday, 6 p.m.

9/15/86 2/24/07

Know that you're missed
and thought of everyday. We
cherish your life and the
memories we hold so dear in
our hearts.
Four years ago you left
us but you continue to live
through us.
We love you always and for-
ever until we meet again.
Your mother, Arabella Dyer;
your brothers, Al and Rah-
saan and Jorge (J-Dubb);
your sisters, Shana and Jor-
dache; niece Allie and nephew
Alec; and a host of family and

02/13/38 11/24/10

Birthdays are tough...Wish
heaven had a phone so I
could hear your voice again.
I thought of you today, but
that's nothing new...I thought
of you yesterday and days be-
fore that too. I think of you in
silence and often speak your
name. All I have are memories
and pictures in a frame.
You are truly missed and
Your children, Jimmie Jr,
Mitzi and Jamal; grandchil-
dren and a special close friend
of the family, 'Neat.'


In loving memory of,

,F d,

07/09/49 02/23/10

I 9-

IN M MORW o H i) i BITD)-R ME% E, ETt-W ijE, mr.-AlS*(,~~o.T AK

It. .
+~t ;.



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