Citation
The Jasper news

Material Information

Title:
The Jasper news
Uniform Title:
Jasper news (Jasper, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Jasper, FL
Publisher:
Jasper News, Myra Regan - Publisher
Creation Date:
July 11, 1890
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
regular
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Jasper (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hamilton County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Hamilton -- Jasper
Coordinates:
30.518889 x -82.951111 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 21, 1890)-
General Note:
Editor: Jno. M. Caldwell, <1890>.
General Note:
Publisher: W.L. Whitfield, <1904>.
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
000579542 ( ALEPH )
33315707 ( OCLC )
ADA7388 ( NOTIS )
sn 95047198 ( LCCN )

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Full Text

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www.suwanneedemocrat.com Thursday August 30, 2018 rf The Jasper News ntnbtnbn rb 122547-1 Our ofce will be closed on Monday, Sept. 3, 2018, in honor of the Labor Day holiday. We will reopen Tuesday, Sept. 4, at 8 a.m. rf t tbt ttb ntb n ttnf nb btn tt f nbt nbttb f r nntttn tnt nnbtn tnnb bt r tbt ttnt f nb nbnt f nn bt nb jessie.box@ganews.com WHITE SPRINGS Befaithful Coker, Executive Director of Its About My Efforts, plans on ling com plaints and lawsuits against several White Springs Town Council members and community members. Coker held two sessions of the Connections Summer Camp for Lake City and White Springs children this summer. She was expecting a $13,000 donation from Millers friend Howard B. Calder but allegedly only received $10,000 on Aug. 11, after the completion of the camp. Coker said White Springs residents only had to pay a $25 registration fee due to the anticipated donation. Coker asked the White Springs Town Council for the remaining $3,000 at the Aug. 14 meeting. The students were from White Springs and the service was provided, Coker said. She added that she was not going back to parents to ask them to pay for services they were told they could receive for only a registration fee. What I know of her professionally and personally, I r fntnbr rfntbrrbrr trbtfrt t SEE MAYO, PAGE 10A tt trb f jamie.wachter@ganews.com MAYO Looking for a dif ferent avor, the Town of Mayo changed its name Saturday morn ing. Plain old Mayo is out. In its place is the tangy taste of Miracle Whip. Well, sort of. Mayor Ann Murphy issued the proclamation announcing the tem porary name change in a ceremony at Veterans Memorial Park accom panied by Miracle Whip represen tatives as well as a lm crew that has spent most of the week lming in town. For the name change, the town received a $25,000 donation from the company for beautica tion projects. Murphy, stressing that there were no secret meetings held that would have violated the states Sunshine Laws in regards to the name change, said she wasnt orig bnbt bnn jessie.box@ganews.com JASPER The Hamilton Coun ty Board of County Commissioners voted to fund the nancial shortfalls of the SW 55th Drive and U.S. Highway 129; SE 141st Boulevard; and 104th Avenue, 35th Drive, NW 103rd Place and Chan Bridge Road projects. At the Aug. 7 meeting, the board voted to use funding from the 90th Boulevard project to complete the projects due to the bid for the three road projects being more than the Florida Department of Transporta tion funding. Now, the 90th Boulevard funding will be untouched and should be able to fund most, if not all of the County to fund road project shortages JASPER The Hamil ton County elections re sults will be published in the Sept. 6 edition of The Jasper News. The results are also posted online at www. nflaonline.com following Tuesdays Primary Elec tion. There was one local seat up for grabs in the primary, the District 5 seat on the Hamilton County School Board. In cumbent Suzette Wiggins was opposed by Sammy McCoy. Also decided during Tuesdays primary was the Republican nominee for State Representa tive in District 10 where Chuck Brannan and Marc Vann were running. The winner of the primary will face Democrat Ronald W. Williams II and non-par ty candidates Merrillee Malwitz-Jipson and Fred Martin in the general Election results to be published next week jessie.box@ganews.com JASPER Earlene Green is pleased to announce the estab lishment of Agape Green Acres Ministry, Inc. Agape Green Acres Ministry is a holistic, nondenominational womens ministry that offers services to address the needs of women, children and families in the community. Green wants to provide edu cation for the community in par enting, nutrition, health, literacy, counseling for addiction and abuse and help with governmental ben Agape Green Acres Ministry wants to help SEE COKER, PAGE 10A SEE ELECTION, PAGE 10A SEE COUNTY, PAGE 10A trt SEE AGAPE, PAGE 10A

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 Advertising Manager, Monja Slater ext. 105 Sr. Advertising Representative, Bill Regan, ext. 150 Advertising Representative,Ashley Hingson, ext. 103 Advertising Representative,Samantha Smith, ext. 141 Classified/Legal, Louise Sheddan ext. 102 Telesales Ad Representative, Ninan Rogers, ext. 109The Suwannee Democrat, ublished Wednesday and Friday. Periodicals postage paid at Live Oak, FL 32064. Business located at 521 Demorest St. SE, Live Oak, FL. Publication number 530180. The Jasper News, published every Thursday. Periodicals postage paid at Live Oak, FL 32064. Business locat ed at 521 Demorest St. SE, Live Oak, FL. USPS #755-980. The Mayo Free Press, published every Thursday. Periodicals postage paid at Live Oak, FL 32064. Business locat ed at 521 Demorest St. SE, Live Oak, FL. USPS #334-600. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Suwannee Democrat, Jasper News or Mayo Free Press, PO Box 370, Live Oak, FL 32064. Subscribe online at www. suwanneedemocrat.com.Letters, comments and opinions on the Opinion page are not necessarily those of the management/ownership of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and the Mayo Free Press.LETTERS TO THE EDITORLetters may be mailed, faxed or emailed to our office. All letters are read. Not all letters are published. Letters may be edited to fit available space. The editor should not alter the writers point of view. Well written letters require less editing. Keep it to the point, an ideal range is 150 to 200 words. Please include your name, address and day and evening phone numbers for verification. Letters MUST be signed. Letters to the editor can be limited to one letter per quarter per individual. Suwannee Democrat The Jasper News Mayo Free Press HOW TO REACH US Switchboard, 386-362-1734 Fax, 386-364-5578 Email, nf.editorial@gaflnews.com Mail, P.O. Box 370 Live Oak, FL 32064 Office, 521 Demorest St. SE Publisher, Jeff Masters jmasters@cnhi.com General Manager, Monja Slater ext. 105 CONTACT US WITH YOUR COMMENTSIf you have any questions or concerns, call us at 386-362-1734 or visit our Website at www.suwanneedemocrat.com NEWSROOM Editor, Jamie Wachter ext. 131 Reporter, Jessie Box ext. 130 Sports, Mike Jones ext. 133 ADVERTISING Suwannee Democrat Circulation Subscription Rates, In-county, $35 Out-of-county, $50 Jasper News Circulation Subscription Rates, In-county, $18 Out-of-county, $26 Mayo Free Press Circulation Subscription Rates, In-county, $18 Out-of-county, $26 OFFICE HOURS Open Monday Friday 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. CIRCULATION RANT & RAVE HOTLINEHeres your chance to tell everyone what you think! Callers may dial 208-8314 and leave a message to express their thoughts, good or bad, 24/7 about issues and politics, but not about private indi viduals or businesses. If you prefer, you may email your comments to jamie. wachter@gaflnews.com. Your name is not required, but you must adhere to no more than 200 words. Rant & Rave only publishes in the weekend Suwannee Democrat. SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 2A Suwannee Democrat prints the entire arrest record each week. If your name appears here and you are later found not guilty or the charges are dropped, we will be happy to make note of this in the newspa per when judicial proof is presented to us by you or the authorities. The following abbrevia tions are used below: SCSO-Suwannee County Sheriffs Ofce LOPD-Live Oak Police Department FDLE-Florida Depart ment of Law Enforcement FHP-Florida Highway Patrol FWC-Florida Wildlife Commission DOT-Department of Transportation OALE-Ofce of Agricul tural Law Enforcement P & P-Probation and Parole USMS-US Marshals Service ATF-Department of Alcohol, Tobacco and Fire arms DOC-Department of Cor rections Aug. 22, Jose Miguel Hughes, 28, 509 Rail Road Ave., Live Oak, FL, Rob bery, Probation Violation: LOPD-MacFadden Aug. 22, Daniel Wayne Anthony, 36, 16057 31st Road, Wellborn, FL, Con tempt of Court: SCSo-To pham Aug. 22, Patricia Mi chelle Irwin, 46, 13649 Road, Live Oak, FL, Failure to Appear 2x: SCSO-Fry Aug. 23, Kevin Miles Craig, 56, 27487 41st Road, Branford, FL, Failure to Appear: SCSO-Hedgespeth Aug. 23, Jocelyn Aleise Cunningham, 45, 14031 Blue Water Ct., MacClen ny, FL, Failure to Appear: SCSO-Hedgepeth Aug. 23, Amber Jeanette Davies, 31, 3962 Taylor Estates Lane, Jacksonville, FL, Probation Violation: SCSO-Hunter Aug. 24, Ruben Gutier rez, 36, 22064 41st Road, Lake City, FL, Homi cide-Willful Kill/Premed itated Murder: SCSO-Mc Daniel Aug. 24, Clyde Eugene Courtney, 49, 120 Ho gle Place, Lake City, FL, Probation Violation: SC SO-Hunter Aug. 24, Patrick Allen McAnany, 61, 7328 52nd St., Live Oak, FL, Out of County Warrant: SC SO-Wadford Aug. 24, Gordon Demond Lewis, 31, 646 Washington Ave., Live Oak, FL, Sexual Battery, Kidnapping-False Imprisonment, Simple Battery (DV), Resisting Arrest Without Violence: LOPD-Parisi Aug. 24, Jeremy Cornes Fields, 31, 930 Roberts St., Live Oak, FL, Failure to Appear, Possession of Drugs, Deliver/Distribute Methamphetamine, Sell/ Manufacture/Deliver/Pos sess Drugs 2x: SCSO-Fal gout Aug. 24, Stanley Macio Brown, 45, 415 Louise Ave., Live Oak, FL, Felony Battery or DV by Strangula tion, Simple Battery (DV): LOPD-Nicholson Aug. 24, Lawrence Mar tin Hillhouse, 55, 9285 Adams Road, Wellborn, FL, Probation Violation: SCSO-Lee Aug. 24, Lauryn Ashley Jones, 5722 Pine Crest Road, Live Oak, FL, Simple Battery (DV), Simple As sault: SCSO-Lee Aug. 24, Shamar Delon Taylor, 40, 3337 CR 250, Wellborn, FL, DWLSR, DUI, Refuse to Submit to DUI Test: SCSO-Fleming Aug. 24, Jamaal Rashard Montague, 27, 211 SW Green Ave., Live Oak, FL, Grand Theft: SCSO-Wad ford Aug. 25, Shanard C. Lumpkins, 38, No Mo tor Vehicle Registration: LOPD-MacFadden Aug. 25, Raylynn Louise Highes, 49, 8089 199th Road, Live Oak, FL, No Driver License: LOPD-MacFadden Aug. 25, Benjamin Pierce Humphrey, 39, 10583 CR 349, OBrien, FL, Simple Battery (DV): SCSO-Carey Aug. 25, Ashley Nicole Kirby, 34, 9296 127th Drive, Live Oak, FL, Fail ure to Appear: SCSO-Wad ford Aug. 25, Wilbur Dwight Bilyou, 36, 524 SE 4th Drive, Williston, FL, Crimi nal Mischief-Damage Prop erty: SCSO-Miara Aug. 26, Wade Jennings Greathouse, 45, 564 Gresh am Road, Keysville, GA, Withhold Support: SC SO-Wadford Aug. 26, Taylor Alex andria Greathouse, 23, 564 Gresham Road, Keysville, GA, Probation Violation: SCSO-Wadford Aug. 26, Lysa Marie Causey, 23, 12508 216th Terrace, OBrien, FL, Petit Theft: SCSO-Woloszyn Aug. 26, Brett Michael Smith, 1009 NW 2nd, Live Oak, FL, Aggravated As sault: SCSO-Lee Aug. 26, Javell Sherod McQuay, 23, 1216 Douglas St., Live Oak, FL, Simple Battery, Simple Battery on LEO, Resisting Ofcer: LOPD-Chauncey Aug. 26, Krystal Ann Carroll, 32, 16217 37th Dr., Wellborn, FL, Probation Vi olation: SCSO-Henry Suwannee County Arrest Record Hamilton County Arrest Record Editors note: The Jas per News prints the entire arrest record. If your name appears here and you are later found not guilty or the charges are dropped, we will be happy to make note of this in the newspaper when judicial proof is pre sented to us by you or the authorities. The following abbrevia tions are used below: DAC Department of Agriculture Commission DOA Department of Agriculture DOT Department of Transportation FDLE Florida Depart ment of Law Enforcement FHP Florida Highway Patrol FWC Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Com mission HCDTF Hamilton County Drug Task Force HCSO Hamilton County Sheriffs Ofce ICE Immigration and Custom Enforcement JAPD Jasper Police De partment JNPD Jennings Police Department OALE Ofce of Agri cultural Law Enforcement P&P Probation and Parole SCSO Suwannee Coun ty Sheriffs Ofce WSPD White Springs Police Department Aug. 20, Tevin Terell Alexander, 24, 5438 Dog wood Drive, Valdosta, GA, Probation Violation: HC SO-Windham Aug. 21, A.L. Timothy Robinson, 32, 3014 Spruce Circle, Snellville, GA, DWLSR, Fail to Stop at Ag Station, Marijuana Posses sion, Narcotic Equipment Possession: DOA-Pridgeon Aug. 21, Thomas Jerome Johnson, 30, 16797 Mill St., White Springs, FL, Out of County Warrant: JAPD-Mc Donald Aug. 21, Stephanie De nise Robinson, 42, 703 50th Ave., Jasper, FL, Serving Sentence-Misdemeanor: HCSO Aug. 21, Earl Vincent Cooke, 28, 4015 Comanche Ave., Tampa, FL, Out of County Warrant: FHP-Rie gel Aug. 21, Ashley Bell 128042-1 Starling, 32, 11193 39th Drive, Jasper, FL, Perjury, Making False Statement: HCSO Aug. 22, Qunara Adri an Cornelson, 27, 6094 Graceland Cir., Morrow, GA, Fail to Stop at Ag Sta tion, Marijuana Possession: DOA-Carlton Aug. 22, Alexeis Hecha varria Diaz, 37, 959 Oak Ridge Road, Orlando, FL, Out of County Warrant: DOA-Gresham Aug. 22, Ronnie Andre Paul, 20, 10506 Pine Man or St., White Springs, FL, Bond Surrender/Revocation: HCSO-Walk In Aug. 22, Stefpon Antonio Hawkins, 43, 508 Orchard St., Live Oak, FL, Out of County Warrant: HC SO-Walk In Aug. 22, Chaquita Renee Bryant, 56, 16862 Spring St., White Springs, FL, Warrant, Cocaine Posses sion 2x, Marijuana Sell, Marijuana Possession: HC SO-Golub Aug. 22, Selvin A. Gar cia-Rodezno, 10 Sentinal Ave., Revere, MA, Marijua na Possession: DOA-Young Aug. 23, Timothy Law rence Vickers, 21, 2619 NE 73rd Trail, Bell, FL, Probation Violation 2x: HC SO-Kannady Aug. 23, Taylor Madeline Roberts, 22, 8438 SE Coun ty Road 245, Lake City, FL, Vehicle Theft: HCSO Aug. 23, Laabraham Tamon Byrdo, 23, 15300 NW 32nd Ave., Opa Loc ka, FL, Failure to Appear: DOA-Dill Aug. 23, Lorenzo Gal legos, 54, 6773 NW 26th Trail, Jennings, FL, Out of County Warrant: HC SO-Anderson Aug. 25, Amanda Dawn Ring, 41, 5383 Pinecrest Road, Live Oak, FL, Out of County Warrant: HC SO-Fouraker Aug. 25, Martin Lu ther Clay,27, 305 Bristol Ave., Jasper, FL, Battery: JAPD-Martinez Aug. 25, Pavel Aleksan drovich Chehovskyy, 20, 4000 Pleasant Ridge Road, Knoxville, Tenn., Con trolled Substance Posses sion, Marijuana Possession, Possession of Drug Para phernalia: DOA-Bailey Aug. 25, Lance Alan Luther, 54, 1626 1st Place, Vero Beach, FL, DUI, Re fusal to Submit to Testing: HCSO-Smith Aug. 26, Brandon Mi chael Mitchell, 2115 No Troop, Valdosta, GA, Con trolled Substance Posses sion, Narcotic Equipment Possession: DOA-Head Aug. 26, Brandon Eugene Robinson, 35, 632 San Ro bar, Orange Park, FL, No Motor Vehicle Registration, Attached Tag Not Assigned, DL Expired: HCSO-Thom as Aug. 26, Veneda Alhas san, 27, 316 5th Terrace, Hallandale, FL, Unlawful Speed, Impersonate-Display Anothers Driver License, Out of County Warrant, DWLSR: HCSO-Fouraker Aug. 26, John Henry Smith, 28, 3600 NW 104th Ave., Jasper, FL, Out of County Warrant: HC SO-Burnam Aug. 27, Tarik A. Azo, 51, 600 Old Oak Ct., Pon tiac, MI, Attached Tag Not Assigned, DWLSR, Con trolled Substance Posses sion: HCSO-Smith Check out these reviews and others on the product pages at STIHLdealers.com. STIHLdealers.com All prices are DSRP. Available at participating dealers while supplies last. The actual listed guide bar length may vary from the effective cutting length based on which powerhead it is installed on. 2017 STIHL00 bar Im glad I went with the 170--the price and reliability are outstanding. user prutsmanbros93MS 170 CHAIN SAW This is absolutely the best blower I have ever purchased. It is a great piece of equipment for the price, plus with the STIHL name, it has dependability I can count on. user TL805 BG 50 HANDHELD BLOWER $12995 FS 38 GAS TRIMMERFSA 45 BATTERY TRIMMERLightweight trimmer just 7.3 lbs. with AK 10 batteryNEW! FSA 56 BATTERY-POWERED T R I M M ER Includes AK 10 battery and AL 101 charger. 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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 3A T ravis Henr y, AAMS Financial Advisor 123 Howard Street Liv e Oak, FL 32064 386-364-1657 tra vis .henr y@edw ardjones .com www .edw ardjones .com You Can Work to Become a Better Investor rf fntb FINANCIAL FOCUS t fbnr ftt fbff fbn ftff tb ffb rrr fftb ffbf fffrf tfr fff ftbt rt ff rttbf rf ttr trb ffftb rttt ffbff ftfr ffr fbf tftft ffft ffbtff tfrf ffrf fbffr tfrftb ttbt brf frf fbnf rtff ff bftf tb fff ft rf tb fbt f rbftfrft f fbnrt ffrtf tb ft fft frfftb LOOKING FOR WANT TO PLACE AN AD?For Employment, Call: 800-600-4838 For Other Classieds, Call: 386-362-1734 x102Check Out Our Classied Ads in the B Section of this Edition.123422-1 LAKE CITY The United Way of Suwannee Valley launched a part nership between the Unit ed Way and the Florida Departments of Health in the four counties in the local United Ways ser vice area to address infant safe sleep. As a result of this part nership, caregivers of infants can qualify for a free baby box and its content of baby supplies and educational infor mation after watching a selection of short educa tional videos. Additional community organizations contributed supplies and information to be includ ed for recipients of the infant safe sleep initiative items. The program is one of several initiatives the United Way Planning Committee elected to undertake using funds re ceived through an anony mous grant. The Planning Committee determined to direct grant funding to support initiatives de signed to address goals in the County Heath Im provement Plans. The infant safe sleep project focuses on the County Health Improve ment Plan goal to improve the health of babies. One of the objectives for this goal is reducing infant mortality. The baby box provided comes with a rm mattress and tted sheet and can sleep one infant, usually birth to six months. The contents of the box include a onesie, provided by the Florida Department of Children and Families; pampers, wipes, and diaper rash cream, contributed by the Partnership for Strong Families Childrens Part nership Councils; and infant hats knitted by par ticipants of the Columbia County Senior Services LifeStyle Enrichment Center. The United Way of Suwannee Valley Plan ning Committee, in an effort to support the coun ties Health Improvement Plans, is excited to offer this program throughout the Suwannee Valley area to provide families with the resources to give their babies a healthy start in life, said Rita Dopp, United Way executive director. Janie Richardson, chair of the United Ways Plan ning Committee, added: The committee has been fortunate to have the participation of Health Department staff mem bers who are enthusiastic about providing safe sleep information to caregivers of infants. The purpose of the baby box is to provide a safe sleep environment for babies. Caregivers are encouraged to put babies to sleep alone, on their backs, and in a crib with out any pillows, blankets or stuffed animals. A safe sleep environment for baby has been shown to decrease the number of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) incidents by 50 percent during the last 20 years throughout the country. The baby box provides such an environ ment. Also because of the size of the box, it is por table and can easily t in the room with the parent, particularly for those who may not be able to afford a bassinet. The baby box program originated in Finland in the 1930s as a way to help decrease the rate of infant deaths. Finland had one of the highest infant mortality rate. Since the implementation of the baby box program to in clude proper health care and education, Finland now has one of the lowest infant mortality rates in the world. In Finland, 1.9 out of 1,000 children died during infancy in 2016 compared to a rolling three-year period between 2015 and 2017 during which the rate was 6.1 in the State of Florida. In fant mortality rates local ly are Columbia County, 9.9; Hamilton County, 8.3; Suwannee County, 7.4; and Lafayette Coun ty, 10.1 for the same time period according to FL HealthCHARTS. Baby boxes will be available to all caregiv ers of an infant who are residents of Columbia, Hamilton, Lafayette or Suwannee counties after completing the required training. Residents of Columbia and Hamilton counties may contact the Florida Department of Health at 386-754-7083. Residents of Suwannee and Lafayette counties may contact the Pregnan cy Care Center, through which the Florida De partment of Health for Suwannee and Lafayette counties is distributing the infant safe sleep ini United Way launches infant safe sleep project rrfnrtfb rrrbfrb rfb br rrnrtfbrrbb rbbrbb ffrr fffbfrb tiative items. The phone number is 386-330-2229. United Way ghts for the health, education and nancial stability of every person through communi ty impact and fundraising efforts utilizing volunteers on all levels to advance the common good by identifying unmet com munity needs and seeking to alleviate those needs through the United Way of Suwannee Valley ini tiatives and the funding of local, afliated health and human service agencies. LAKE CITY Do you want to help inspire the love of reading in young students? Volunteers are sought for the United Way of Suwannee Valleys Read ingPals initiative. ReadingPals is an early literacy initiative focused on screening, training and engaging volunteer read ing coaches, who sup port kindergarten children in beginning their school careers with the necessary skills to become procient readers. The ReadingPals program matches volun teers to individual kinder garten children. Reading Pals volunteers meet one hour a week for 25 weeks in a local school setting. For the 2018-2019 school year, Columbia, Suwannee and Hamilton counties schools will participate. Goals for this school year include the recruitment and engage ment of 200 volunteers. Volunteers must pass a background screening conducted free by the local school districts and participate in an orien tation at the local school where they wish to volun teer. All reading materials needed by volunteers will be provided under the direction of the class room teacher. Students participating in the Read ingPals program will also receive take-home books to bridge literacy skills to home. For additional informa tion on participating as a ReadingPals tutor and fostering the love of read ing in children, contact Schara Wilson, United Way of Suwannee Valley ReadingPals coordinator, at 386-752-5604, ext. 105, or schara@united wsv.org. The United Way of Su wannee Valley ghts for the education, health, and nancial stability of every person in our community, utilizing volunteers on all levels to advance the common good by identi fying unmet community needs and seeking to alle viate those needs through the United Way of Su wannee Valley initiatives and the funding of 22 af liated health and human service agencies. United Way seeks volunteers for ReadingPals LIVE OAK Already arrested for battery, a Live Oak man is fac ing more charges after attacking a Suwannee County Sheriffs Ofce detention deputy at the Suwannee County Jail. Javell Sherod McQuay, 23, was arrested early Monday morning by the Live Oak Police Department on battery charges. According to a Suwannee County Sheriffs Ofce report, while the detention deputy was lling out pa perwork on McQuay, the suspect stood up and began punching the ofcer in the head. The report states that the ofcer said he then stood up and defended himself after regaining composure. The ofcer used a taser on the suspect in order to gain control of him, according to the report. Live Oak man attacks deputy at jail rr 121985-1 SUWANNEE RIVER READINGS Branford 2018The water levels provided here refer to the height at the US Hwy. 27 bridge in Branford in feet above mean sea level (ft-msl) at the gauging station. In the past the levels were read as gauge height not mean sea level. Sponsored By:SCAFFSBranfordSupermarket386-935-15278/21/18 ........... 16.25 8/22/18 ........... 16.18 8/23/18 ........... 16.09 8/24/18 ........... 16.02 8/25/18 ........... 15.89 8/26/18 ........... 15.77 8/27/18 ........... 15.67 The report states that bruising was observed on the deputys right forearm as well as bruising on the right side of his head, bleeding from his right ear and a lacera tion to the area around his left eye. In addition to the original battery charge, McQuay is also charged with simple battery on law enforcement of cer and resisting ofcer/arrest with violence.

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 4A OBITUARIES 135100-1 rfntbrrn rfntb t bn rntbf r r br fr rfb rrr br brrb r br rr b b f rtntb rnntb fntb rtntbt ntbfntb nb b n fbr b bnr b rfntbfr rfntf bfnfrnnf nftnr fntn n nf bffnn r rtbff fnf bffntnfbffntn rnnbff rnfnbn fnrf rtnbffnn ftnn n rfntbnr rf ntnbbbfn btrrr ftrnt rfr bftr tnfr rfrn rrtrfrt nfrrr nrr nrrntr ftrrrr rrtnttrrr rrrbtttrr rrfnnr r frnrntnb brnf nrtfr ntnr nn rrr fffnn rfntb rfntbr rn n nrrr b rbrnrr nbbrnr bbnr nrbbnnr brrbrnr rrrrbb bbrnrrfrr brbrbrtb rrbnnr rrrrrr rbnrrbbrbrb brbbrnr bfrrrrr brbrn rf frrrbf rbrrfr fbrbbrf brfrbr rrbrfrrnrbr frbrbrf nbbrrr rrfnbr nrrbrnb nnrbrr rrrbrrr tfrnbrrr rfntrbrb rfnft btttt ft rfntttttt b tft tb t Twitter: @suwannee democra rfntbnrnf rfntbf f nt rrf ntbfr r rb rfntrrr ft rb trr r rb rf t rfnt rf fbf fntfbt b rr r rrb n bfntbf r P R I C I N G rfnt fb ff ff frnr Suwannee Democrat 386-362-1734 rfnt fnbtfr trfnftr rftfnr bf rftfnr bftnb fbtbb rffnrntf rtft 386-362-1734 x107 *Protable events must go through our advertising department. Calendar submissions are published within space availability and are not guaranteed consistency. rf rffnrfrfrf tfnfrbfnffrfrrffrbfrfbrf nnffnfrffbfrfnnfnffrfbfrbftrf rfnbftffffrfnnfffn *Pricing depends on quantity of photos uploaded, word count and amount of dates chosen to run. Guess Who? I am a singer born in Texas on September 4, 1981. As a child I loved to sing and won my rst talent contest after singing Imagine. I am a former member of an R&B group, but I pursued a solo career. Ive performed at the Super Bowl halftime show and I am now married to a rap star. Answer: Beyonc

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 5A 134193-1 JASPER The Hamil ton County Farm Bureau is currently accepting dona tions of soda can pop tops for the Ronald McDonald House. The Ronald McDonald House, located in Tallahas see, helps families through their hardest times. It pro vides a free, comfortable place to stay for the fami lies while their loved one is staying in the hospital. The Ronald McDonald House also provides meals for these families. Every year in march, the Florida Farm Bureau partners with the Ronald McDonald House to help pay the electricity bill. All year long, Farm Bureau collects soda can pop tops, which the Ronald McDon ald House then turns in to help cover that bill. Trey Ruthardt, local cancer survivor, takes donating his pop tops seri ously. Trey has been help ing to collect the pop tops for Hamilton County for many years and last year he collected a ve-gallon bucket full. Trey and his grandparents love the Ron ald McDonald Houses mission and do their best to help the cause. The Hamilton County Farm Bureau is located at 1117 U.S. Highway 41 NW in Jasper. Donations of pop tops are accepted all year and will be do nating the collection in March. rfrn t bbbr Hamilton County Farm Bureau collecting pop tops LIVE OAK The Suwannee River Regional Library system is now offering free access to the New York Times digital edition for all library card holders. NYTimes.com is a multi-platform news tool that provides full access to New York Times and International New York Times content, including breaking news, multime dia, reviews and opinion, blogs, videos and more. The subscription also includes such reader fa vorites as the New York Times Book Review and digital crossword puzzle. Multimedia storytelling can be enjoyed including videos, photos, podcasts, and interactive infograph ics. NYTimes.com is updated 24/7 with cor responding time stamps. From the home page, one can access more than 25 Times sections, includ ing World, Politics, New York, Opinion, Business, Technology, Science, Sports, Arts, Fashion & Style, and Video. Edited from Paris, Lon don, Hong Kong and New York, The International New York Times (for merly The International Herald Tribune) provides readers with a continuous ow of geopolitical, busi ness, sports and culture coverage from a distinctly global perspective. The Times is also available in multiple languages, including Spanish and Chinese. NYTimes.com provides 30-plus daily and weekly newsletters on topics such as Top Headlines, Break ing News, Small Busi ness, Movies Update and Cooking, delivered direct ly to the users inbox. Its most recent, What Were Reading email newslet ter features a roundup of great reads from around the web, chosen by New York Times reporters and editors. Custom alerts can also be created to monitor when specic keywords appear in NYTimes.com. Times Wire is a contin uous stream of the latest articles and blog posts published on NYTimes. com. The Learning Network blog offers classroom re sources for students and educators from lesson plans and writing prompts to news quizzes, student contests and more based on articles, essays, images and more from NYTimes.com. The NYTimes.com subscription provide full access to New York Times articles published between 1851 through 1922, and between 1981 through current day. can go to the Suwannee River Regional Librarys website, srrlib.org, and click on Digital Resourc es, then New York Times. offsite access, you need to sign up for a free ac count at the New York Times website, using a valid email address. Click Log In to sign up and create an account with your personal email address, or log in if you already have created an account. Please call the library at 386-362-2317 for more information. New York Times Digital Edition now available through Suwannee River Regional Library 2013 CHEVY IMPALA .................. $8,590 2017 HYUNDAI ACCENT ................ $9,900 2013 DODGE DART ................... $11,600 2014 CHRYSLER 300 ................. $12,450 2015 FORD FUSION .................. $12,600 2015 KIA SORENTO .................. $12,900 2017 TOYOTA COROLLA ............... $13,600 2015 TOYOTA COROLLA ............... $14,000 2013 MAZDA CX-9 ................... $14,300 2015 DODGE JOURNEY ................ $15,500 2015 FORD ESCAPE .................. $15,800 2016 DODGE GRAND CARAVAN ......... $15,900 2017 CHEVY MALIBU ................. $16,500 2012 CHEVY CAMARO ................ $16,990 2015 NISSAN PATHFINDER ............. $17,300*Excludes Suburban L96. Monthly payment is $13.89 for every $1,000 you nance. Tahoe example down payment: 6.1%. Suburban example down payment: 5.5%. Must nance with GM Financial. Some customers will not qualify. Not available with lease and some other offers. Take delivery by 1/15/18. See participating dealer for details. Excludes Suburban L96. Must nance with GM Financial. Some customers will not qualify. Not available with special nancing, lease, and some other offers. See participating dealer for details. Dealer not responsible for typographical errors or misprints. Artwork for illustration purposes only. Take delivery by 1/15/18. General Motors. Prices are plus tax, tag, title and $899 dealer fee. All vehicles subject to prior sale. Artwork for illustration purposes only. See dealer for complete details. Offers expire PRE-OWNED VEHICLESPRICED LOW & READY TO DRIVE! 4316 W US HWY 90, LAKE CITY, FL 32055888.513.9930122455-1 rrrbrtb rrrrrbrbrbbb rbrbbrrrb t bbbbrrrrrbr frrrrrrr rrrrrrnrrr CITY ADDS GARBAGE TRUCK LIVE OAK The Live Oak Church of God Mens Ministry said its Iron Sharpens Iron events this past year were a success for the community. It has been a bless ing to our Mens Min istry this year, Mens Ministry Leader John nie Philman said. The nal event of the year was held Aug. 20 at the church with Seminole County Sheriffs Ofce chaplain Gene Gregory speaking. Gregory had also spo ken in April at the fallen Gilchrist County ofcers funeral. Among those attending the August event were Gilchrist County Sheriff Bob by Schultz as well as Lt. Keagon Weath erford, the operations commander for the GCSO, and Lt. Scotty Douglas with the GCSOs patrol division. Suwannee Coun ty Sheriff Sam St. John, Hamilton County Sheriff Harrell Reid and Seminole County Sheriffs Ofce Chief Dan Purcell were also in attendance. Special guests in attendance included Mr. and Mrs. Noel Ramirez, the parents of Sgt. Noel Ramirez, one of the slain of cers in Gilchrist County. The Iron Sharpens Iron events will resume in February 2019. Iron Sharpens Iron events deemed successful r MAYO The Lafayette County Public Library will host craft day every Friday in September. Craft day will be from 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. Sept. 7 will be pulled string art. Sept. 14 will be paper plate fans. Sept. 21 will be popsicle stick photo frame. Sept. 28 will be origami. For more information, call 386-294-1021. The library is located at 120 NE Crawford St., Mayo. Lafayette County Library to have crafts days

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The Florida Constitution Revision Com mission found out how hard it is to fool all of the people all of the time this past week. Circuit Judge John Cooper ruled that Amend ment 8 fails to inform voters of the chief pur pose and effect of this proposal and therefore must be removed from the ballot. You would think that the Florida CRC would not try to appeal what is so obviously misleading lan guage contained in this ballot amendment. The powerful forces that will stop at nothing to grow and expand the for-prot charter school business in this state are shameless. They wanted to prevent any pesky local school boards from getting in the way of their plans to expand and fund for-prot charter schools with tax dollars. The plan was to have voters strip away local control of local schools and to set up an ofce in Tallahassee that would oversee all of Floridas charter schools. It is hard to get voters to vote away local control of anything. The word charter school is also controversial so the Constitution Revision Commission left the word charter out of the ballot summary, the amendment text, and the title on Amendment 8. The CRC also bundled two other issues in with the part about stripping local control away from local school boards. It is much easier to get someone to eat some crap if you can hide it in two pieces of bread that can conceal it. The bread in Amendment 8 is term limits for school board members, and increased civ ic literacy in public education. The crap would allow the state government to control local charter schools. The judge was right to remove this crap sandwich from the ballot voters will see in November. It troubles me that the Florida CRC, a group chiey appoint ed by a group of folks I didnt vote for, would even try to do something so clearly misleading. The only thing that gives me any hope at all in the future of humanity is that 10 people on the 37-member panel voted against this piece of garbage ever see ing the light of day. If the CRC was trying to do something that would actually help public education in this state, even the best parts of Amendment 8 fail miserably. I have worked in education in both North and South Florida since 1993. I have never met one person anywhere who has said the big problem in education today is the school board mem bers who keep winning election after election. If you were to ask a million people what are some of the big problems facing education today, you would probably not hear one of them say term limits need to be put in place for school board members. Similarly, while some would argue we need more civic literacy in our curriculum, there are many, many more pressing problems in our K-12 education system. The fact that this is the best work the CRC could come up with to help Floridas students is disap pointing. I also dont think the CRC should be allowed to bundle loosely related items into one amendment, especially after seeing how they tried to abuse that power this past year. If you or I want to get an amendment on the ballot we have to get 766,200 signa tures from people in at least 14 different congressional districts around Florida, and our amendment can only be about one topic. A law should be passed that requires the CRC to also not propose amendments that are about more than one topic. Lets make the goose and the gander have to follow the same rules. Eric lives in Suwannee County and is a public school educa tor. He is an independent contractor. You can reach him at mi amistyle8@gmail.com. Opinion A PAGE 6 rfrfnftrbfbf ftfrrbfbf You can fool some of the people some of the time The Immigration and Nationality Act mandates that all immigrants and refugees undergo a medical screening examination to determine whether they have an inadmissible health condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has technical instruc tions for medical examination of prospective immigrants in their home countries before they are permitted to enter the U.S. They are screened for communicable and infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, hepa titis, polio, measles, mumps and HIV. They are also tested for syphilis, gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases. The CDC also has medical screening guidelines for refugees. These screenings are usually performed 30 to 90 days after refugees arrive in the United States. But what about people who enter our country illegally? The CDC specically cites the possibility of the cross-border move ment of HIV, measles, pertussis, rubella, rabies, hepatitis A, inuenza, tuberculosis, shigellosis and syphilis. Chris Cabrera, a Border Patrol agent in South Texas, warned: Whats coming over into the U.S. could harm everyone. We are starting to see scabies, chickenpox, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections and different viruses. Some of the youngsters illegally entering our country are known to be carrying lice and suffer ing from various illnesses. Because there have been no medical examinations of undocumented immigrants, we have no idea how many are carrying infectious diseases that might endanger American children when these immigrants enter schools across our nation. According to the CDC, in most industrialized countries, the number of cases of tuberculosis and the number of deaths caused by TB steadily declined during the 100 years prior to the mid1980s. Since the s, immigrants have reversed this downward trend in countries that have had substantial levels of immigration from areas where the disease is prevalent. In 2002, the CDC said: Today, the proportion of immigrants among persons reported as having TB exceeds 50 percent in several European countries, including Denmark, Israel, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland. A similar proportion has been predicted for the United States (http://tinyurl.com/yca3y3zs). The number of active TB cases among American-born citizens declined from an estimated 17,725 in 1986 to 3,201 in 2015. That was an 80 percent drop. Data reported to the National Tuberculosis Surveil lance System show that the TB incidence among foreign-born people in the United States (15.1 cases per 100,000) is approxi mately 13 times the incidence among U.S.-born people (1.2 cases per 100,000). Those statistics refer to immigrants who are legally in the U.S. There is no way for us to know the incidence of tuber culosis and other diseases carried by those who are in our country illegally and hence not subject to medical examination. This public health issue is ignored by all those Americans championing sanctuary cities. The public health issue is also ignored by Americans clamoring for open borders, and that in cludes many of my libertarian friends. By the way, in the late 19th century and early 20th century, when masses of European immigrants were trying to enter our country, those with dan gerous diseases were turned back from Ellis Island. Americans hadnt progressed to the point of thinking that anyone in the world has a legal right to live in America. Neither did they think that it was cruel or racist to take measures to prevent our fellow Americans from catching diseases from foreigners. But aside from diseases, there is the greater threat of welcom ing to our shores people who have utter contempt for Western values and want to import anti-Western values to our country, such as genital mutilation, honor killings and the oppression of women. Many libertarian types make the argument that we would benet from open borders when it comes to both people and goods. That vision ignores the important fact that when we import, say, tomatoes from Mexico, as opposed to people, to the U.S., they are not going to demand that we supply them with wel fare benets. The bottom line is that we Americans have a right to decide who enters our country and under what conditions. If we forgo that right, we cease to be a sovereign nation. But that may not be important to some Americans. Walter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Ma son University. To nd out more about Walter E. Williams and read features by other Creators Syndicate writers and cartoon ists, visit the Creators Syndicate webpage at www.creators.com. r Disease accompanies illegal immigrants AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 The Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and Mayo Free Press welcomes letters from readers on matters of public interest, with the following guidelines: Letters must contain your full name, ad dress, daytime phone number and city of residence. Only your full name and city of res idence will be published with the letter. Letters must reect issues of current interest to the general public and be concise. Management has the right to refuse any material it believes does not meet standards of publication. You can email letters to nf.editorial@ganews.com fax them to 386-364-5578 or mail them to: Letters to the Editor, Suwannee Democrat P.O. Box 370, Live Oak, FL 32064 To Submit Letters www.suwanneedemocrat.com Jeff Masters Publisher jmasters@cnhi.com Follow us: facebook.com/suwanneedemocrat @suwanneedemocra (Twitter) Members of the Suwannee Democrat editorial board are Jeff Masters, Publisher, Monja Slater, General Manager, and Jamie Wachter, Editor. Masters, Slater and Wachter are joined on the board by community members Jim Holmes, Bruce Kemmerer and Otha White Sr. Jamie Wachter Editor jamie.wachter@ganews.com Monja Slater General Manager monja.slater@ganews.com Suwannee Democrat The Jasper News Mayo Free Press Isnt it funny that the Liberals wish larger government and Democratic Socialism so that they may get all kinds of free things. Yet, when the Florida Legislature wishes to rescind the Home Rule, they do not want that. What they wish is to be able to rule themselves, which history has proved these people are incapable of for their many illicit behaviors, lawlessness and bias but they also want free things. Government doesnt work that way. If you wish all those free things, the Gov ernment will soon rule what you earn and who and how you work and make certain what you do goes to others who cannot work and mainly to the Govern ment for supervising you. White Springs and Jasper both have shown that they cannot rule themselves and there is too much Good Ole Boy going on. I SAY LET THE STATE RE SCIND THE HOME RULE SO THAT THE LAWS PREVAIL AND FINAL LY ALL THE PEOPLE WILL HAVE RIGHTS UNDER THE LAW. Karin Grifn White Springs Do away with Home Rule From our readers

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 7A Life in White Springs My heroes are dying off and Im hope ful that somebody will come along to ll the void, but some folks are just irreplace able. I am in the midst of reading a book about a man who had a powerful inu ence on life in White Springs and he was a hero of mine. He didnt live here but he visited often and most people in town knew his name. This man had the kind of presence that was powerful in a very pos itive way and anyone who ever met him felt that they had met a friend. When he died, family and friends and even casual acquaintances and people who had only seen him on stage all shared a common experience. They grieved, they cried, and felt a unique sense of loss knowing that no matter how long they lived, they would never see the likes of him again. The man was Gamble Rogers and the book about him is Gamble Rogers, A Troubadours Life by Bruce Horovitz. It is possibly the book of the year for any one who ever saw this gentle giant of the Florida Folk Festival grace that venue, or any stage from coast to coast, from the backwoods Terminal Tavern to New York Citys Carnegie Hall. On stage and off, Gambles values addressed issues that still resonate with Florida and the USA today. Ill share with you a quote from the book, taken from an interview with the revered long time Flor ida folksinger-songwriter Frank Thomas. Thomas was part of a dedicated group of Florida folksingers who looked to Gamble as their leader and inspiration. He was a great musician, but he was also the patriarch of this circle we call Florida music, Thomas said. He was the high man and he took this role very seriously. Thomas recalled a year at the Florida Folk Festival when some newly arrived immigrants from Vietnam were invited to perform a dance routine. Thomas was not too happy about this and questioned what Vietnamese dancers had to do with Flor ida. Gamble, seizing on the knowledge that Thomas had recently adopted a bira cial child, responded, Listen Frank, we are all the adopted children of the state of Florida. Would you deny your younger siblings a place at the table? Thomas was speechless. He just put it right out there in a way you can understand. Gamble Rogers never looked down on anyone, and he had many friends from all walks of life. He was just as respect ful talking to a street musician as he was talking to a person of wealth, power and inuence, and he had friends in both catego ries. Gamble Rogers, A Troubadours Life. I havent nished it yet but I could not wait one more day to rec ommend it to you. Im told that the book is on order at the Thelma Boltin Gift Shop in Stephen Foster State Park and should be available by the time this column hits the streets. Its getting harder for me to nd any political heroes. Most of the ones that I have are footnotes in history. The likes of Abe Lincoln, and Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt, have long ago passed away and we do not currently see the likes of people like these on the political horizon. My present day living political heroes shall remain private because I dont wish to start a restorm of disagreement. We have too much of that and besides that, this is not a political column but sometimes the divisiveness that currently permeates the national and states politi cal arenas seems to be trickling down to the local level, and I know that this is of concern to many of you, as it is to me. So, looking for silver linings, Ill share with you that I have seen an outpour ing of condolences and a great showing of genuine respect for another hero of mine, Senator John McCain. Much of this grief and respect comes from many of my Facebook friends that are decid edly more liberal than was the senator, yet their mourning is heartfelt, and their sincere admiration and respect have long preceded his passing. This sometimes adversarial, but always genuine respect for the man they called the maverick gives me hope. Rest in peace sir. You are a hero, and thank you for your lifetime of service! And now for some Life in White Springs current events and opportunities. If you live in White Springs or nearby, you may occasionally yearn for some of the alternative practices and programs that used to be only available in distant, big ger cities. It wasnt long ago that if you wanted something like yoga or acupunc ture, you had to drive to Gainesville. That is changing. Acupuncture is available in Lake City, weve had a yoga studio in White Springs for years and hypnothera py is now available at the White Springs Yoga Studio. Who woudda thunk it? And its not as far out as you might suppose. Many local folks have tried it and had good results. So if youve ever wondered if you might benet from a little subcon scious mind tune-up, here is your chance to nd out. Every month, certied hyp notherapist Khrys Kantarze leads a group hypnosis session, and a wide variety of topics are administered. This months ses sion is entitled Enhancing Your Creativ ity. Creativity can be any aspect of your desired goal, as the session is presented in a way that allows the subconscious mind to focus where it needs to, in order to achieve the desired outcome. This session takes place Monday, Sept. 3, 2018, at 6 p.m. at the Suwannee River Yoga Studio. Reclining chairs are available on a limit ed basis. Blankets, mats and pillows are plentiful and I can testify that it is a very relaxing experience. So, if you want to do something good for yourself, come to White Springs and give it a try. Reserva tions are required. Call Khrys Kantarze at 386-234-0846. Here are a couple of White Springs items of note for music lovers. 1: If you want to increase your musical history education and for those of you who ap preciate good music and local talent, Ill remind you again that on Friday nights at 6 p.m. in the bell tower at Stephen Foster State Park you can join the singing Rang er Brown Akers as he explores the music of Stephen Foster and his importance to American popular culture. 2: The Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park will host the 13th an nual Stephen Foster Old-Time Music Weekend on Sept. 7-9, and they will have evening concerts. This three-day event offers participants in-depth instruction in old time music techniques on the banjo, guitar, vocals, and ddle for all levels. Instructors include Chuck Levy, Paul Brown, Terri McMurray, Ann Whit ley, Beverly Smith, Trevor McKenzie, Tommy Bledsoe, and David & Marietta Massey. On Friday and Saturday night there will be concerts featuring these in structors, the nest in the land! Room for these performances may be limited, so for reservations please call the park at 386397-7009 or email: Kimberly.A.Rivers@ dep.state..us. Some folks may be missing out on this column or our occasional book recom mendations because of literacy problems. Its nothing to be ashamed of! All of us that read had to learn, and its never too late to learn to read or to improve your reading skills! Starting on Wednesday, Sept. 12, from 4:305:30 p.m. there will be a program of adult literacy instruction at the White Springs Library meeting room. To register, call 267-779-4845. And speaking of literacy, there will be a Literacy Celebration at the Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park on Thursday, Sept. 27, 2018, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Local homeschool students are in vited to join Hamilton County 4th graders to celebrate literacy, and the cost is FREE to homeschoolers who pre-register. The 4th Grade Students in Hamilton County, Florida will have the opportunity to participate in Stephen Fosters Literacy Celebration and classes will listen to the reading of a true story based on the Flor ida Cracker lifestyle; Iris Wall, Cracker Cowgirl, written by Carol Matthews and illustrated by Lux Rey. Immediately fol lowing the reading, students will be sur prised (dont tell) with a chance to meet the books subject, Iris Wall, and ask her questions. Iris true story is that of a real cracker cowgirl from South Florida. Iris has lived a life that is not average and not one that many girls during that era lived. She is a part of the Real Florida heritage synonymous with endurance, pride, and strength. Iris Wall was named Floridas Woman of the Year in Agricul ture in 2006 and inducted into the Florida Cracker Hall of Fame that same year! To pre-register, please call or email Park Ranger Kim Rivers, 386-397-7005, or email Kimberly.a.rivers@dep.state..us. Also, there are weekly programs at the White Springs Library! Monday-Friday, 1-6 p.m., Coloring. Tuesdays, 3-4 p.m., Teen Drama. Tuesdays, 4-5 p.m., Teen Anime Club, and Thursdays, 10:30-11:30 a.m., Story Time. Were always glad to hear about goings on in the community and will be glad to share anything that is appropriate for this column. I am thankful that we truly are all connected, and I hope that we can continue to feel proud of who we are and where were headed, and that we all appreciate that White Springs and its sur rounding region is a very special place, to be honored and protected. As always, I look forward to seeing you out and about, enjoying your community and your life in White Springs or wherever you may be. Walter McKenzie 386-303-1394 lifeinwhitesprings@gmail.com Where have all my heroes gone? Around the Banks Share love, not poison, here in North Florida So, you wont take warning, eh? All the worse for you. Ill take care of you now instead of later. When I gain those ruby slippers, my power will be the great est in Oz. Now my beauties. Something with poi-son in it I think. With poison in it. But attractive to the eye and soothing to the smell. Ha-ha-ha-ha. Poppies. Pop pies. Poppies will put them to sleep. Sleee-p. Now theyll sle-ee-p. Spoken by the late Margaret Ham ilton who played the Wicked Witch of the West in the 1939 classic motion picture The Wizard of Oz. I am at the age where I am singularly unimpressed by most things; however, there are some things that do impress me and that I love, and they dont cost a lot, but they are so valued and treasured that they cant be purchased. A front screened porch shaded by trees, two comfortable chairs, a pot of freshly brewed coffee, an old, cherished and trusted friend for over a half century, and I am as happy as a dead pig in the sun shine. On Monday morning, Aug. 27, my friend and I did not discuss the Wizard of Oz or poppies. What we did discuss was the bounty and wonder provided by our Creator here on this earth and how His bounty is all around us, and we often ignore it. First we talked about saw palmetto berries, and he informed me, accurate or not, that those berries now were be ing purchased for close to $2 a pound, and I told him that my brother, Jerry Lawrence, my cousins, Rhett and Paige Bullard, needed to purchase some snake boots, some strong mosquito repellant and something to keep the ticks off and hit the woods north of White Springs. I know saw palmetto berries are used in a vitamin supplement and are supposed to be effec tive in helping gen tlemen with prostate issues. I purchase it, and whether it works or not, my father who was not a cancer survivor began his battle with cancer being diagnosed with prostate cancer in May 1992, and he was dead in November 1993; eighteen months from the date of his diagnosis. Of course, Daddys cancer had metastasized and had moved into the lymph system becoming an aggressive form of Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma. The late Dr. Luis G. Fer nandez, Sr., longtime urologist in Lake City, Florida, was the rst to give me this news. I loved that man very much, a true humanitarian and a great American; his diagnosis was later conrmed at North Florida Regional Hospital. Daddys 66 years around the sun were not nearly long enough, but in those years he packed 166 years of laughter, of love and marvelous stories. He blessed my life. Medicine has come a long way since then. The dis cussion about the saw palmetto berries brought it all back. Then we talked about those natural things that dont necessarily taste good, but they make great jellies and jams; el derberries, mayhaws, wild plums, as we called the hog haws, bitter as gall to eat, but cooked down and the juice squeezed through cloth and enough sugar added; heavenly jelly. Even guavas, which are rf not grown here in our beloved north Flor ida dont particularly have a great taste on their own but made into jelly, you cant beat it on a hushpuppy. We talked about towns like our little sleepy town bypassed by the interstate bringing hundreds of thousands a day into the Sunshine State. We talked about the terrible tragic shooting in Jacksonville. Another friend came and visited, and we even joined hands, which is not usual, and we said a prayer of Thanksgiving and said a prayer for those who were victims of the Jacksonville shootings and their families. It was hard to grasp that there on that front porch with dear friends, watching the butteries dart among the Mexican Sunowers and taking in the rst blooms on the Cardinal vine and luxuriating in the cool late summer breeze that so much tragedy and destruction had occurred on a river and in a place so much a part of my life. My beloved cousins live there. I spent a lot of my early adulthood near the Land ing and went with my cousins the night it opened and what fun we had!! I re member looking that night at the peaceful and beautiful St. Johns River, enjoying cool drinks, and I remember laughter. My memories are my own like those spent on the front porch this morning. But despite all that great beauty, like the Wicked Witch of the West making her potion to put Dorothy and her friends to sleep with poppies, we, as a people, at times, have been lulled into the fact that all is well with the world, because it is well with us, BUT, in the words of the old African American spiritual If you ha vent any rain in your life, wait a while. I know in this column you all have indulged an old fool who works at ex pressing love for this place we call home. The thing is, I truly, with all my heart, do love it, but in loving it, I know that Even Eden had shadows and a serpent. I also know that LOVE is the most powerful thing in the world. Love brought the Savior into the world. LOVE made Him go to the cross and die for me, and LOVE made Him rise again, or we would be a lost ball in high weeds. So take that kind LOVE and dont be stingy with it. Take it and demonstrate it to those for whom you care; encourage others with it, utilize it to make our world a better place. You wonder, dont you, if before those who perished in Jacksonville did perish, did someone say to them be fore they left home that day I love you. Beauty is here with much given to us by our Creator, but those poppies are here too, not literally, but all that looks and tells you its beautiful may or may not be. Pray about it and make your own deci sion. We are blessed, but we got trouble, and its more than on a movie screen. Its here. Dont live in fear, but be warier to day than you were yesterday, and amidst it all, dont forget to express positive en ergy and love. By the way, in last weeks column I mentioned Mrs. Gwyn Herringtons shop, and now I have spelled her last name correctly. It is Herrington, and she has a marvelous oral designer there who helps her so very much, Cheryl Wooley and her Christmas Open House at her shop is on Sunday, Nov. 4, from 1 till 4 p.m. Dont miss it. Nothing but beauty there. From the Eight Mile Still on the Wood pecker Route north of White Springs wishing you a day lled with joy, peace, and, above all, lots of love and laughter.

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 8A State & Region katelyn.umholtz@ganews.com VALDOSTA, Ga. Erin Gaskins be came a counselor because she wanted to be at the frontlines of helping young people. A former mental health therapist, she said she made the switch to school counseling be cause the job would reach more students. She said she loves her job. With an av erage of 430 students assigned to her every year, she worries some students are slipping through the cracks. We dont have enough counselors at our school, said Gaskins, who works in the Val dosta High School counseling department. We only have four but we have to make it work. VHS isnt the only school facing an issue of counselor shortages. Its a problem that expands across the district, county, state and nation. It affects schools across the SunLight Project coverage area of Valdosta, Dalton, Thomasville, Moultrie, Milledgeville and Tifton. The recommended ratio is 250 students for every counselor, according to the American School Counselor Association. However, state guidelines recommend one counselor for every 450 students, and the av erage is 484:1, according to an ASCA study conducted last fall. Though some Georgia school districts maintain a much lower ratio than the state recommendation and average, most in cluding Valdosta City Schools fall close to the Georgia recommendation. Valdosta City Schools has a ratio of 455:1, similar to Baldwin County School Districts 472:1, Colquitt County School Districts 475:1, Dalton City School Districts 500:1 and Lowndes County School Districts 532:1. These high ratios can be daunting because counselors are already tasked with not only providing mental and emotional support but also academic services and post-secondary information. School counselors are probably the most undervalued employees in public education, said Jennifer Phinney, director of school sup port at Dalton City School District. They do work that no one ever knows about. In its nine schools, Dalton has 16 counsel ors and one of the highest ratios of the Sun Light region. They help with social and emotional issues, advise on college and career plans, provide sexual abuse prevention, drug abuse preven tion and anti-bullying information. They also assist with testing in their schools. Everything in our schools that arent the core academics, much of that falls onto school counselors, Phinney said. Donna Mitchell, director of guidance at Colquitt County High School, said Colquitt County counselor statistics make it harder to reach every student. A high ratio means that we cant get as much one-on-one time with students that we need but we nd a way to make it work, Mitchell said. Colquitt County School District counseling departments are always looking to improve while also utilizing the few resources avail able. With state funding low and ratio high, counselors often depend on other counselors in neighboring school districts and the inter net for ideas. Especially with our ratio, we have to ask how can we make this a little bit better for the students to help meet all their needs because the resources may not be here and that is the challenging part about our job, Mitchell said. The 450:1 recommendation is also how the state decides funding for each school district. A school district must have at least 450 students in a program kindergarten, prima ry elementary (1-3), upper elementary (4-5), middle school and high school to receive funding for one counselor. At every additional 450 students, a pro gram will receive funding for another coun selor. For example, 900 students would give the program two counselors, 1,350 would fund three, etc. Lowndes County School System has the highest ratio in the SunLight area. Sandra Wilcher, director of Student Support Ser vices, said the school system has 20 counsel ors and gets state funding for 20.57. The school system does not allot any local funds to hiring counselors. We utilize our funding completely for counselors, Wilcher said. (Funding) is a legislative and state department decision. I think the need of counselors grows every year as we see the scope of student needs expand. Sometimes and it is the case for most SunLight region school districts schools exceed state funding for counselors and put more local funds toward more hires. Dalton uses some local funds to support 16 counselors because the state only provides enough funding for 15.41 counselors. Baldwin County School District has 11 counselors total, which costs $844,000. Of that, $383,000 is provided by the state, while the rest is covered by local funds. According to the Baldwin County earnings sheet, the state gives the school system funds for 9.81 counselors. Baldwin Countys elementary schools have had the same amount of counselors for some time one per each of the two primary schools and upper elementary schools. Last year was the rst year both the middle and high school had one per grade. Valdosta City Schools only receives state funds for 16.53 counselors, so the district uses additional funds to pay 18 counselors. Even though I think our local system supports counselors and sees the need, I dont think its at the state or federal level, Gas kins said. Until its at that level, were not going to really see a change. The Thomasville City School District, Thomas County School District and Whit eld County School District have ratios be low the state recommendation at 314:1, 266:1 and 403:1, respectively. The Thomas County School District, which had the closest ratio to the recom mended ASCA ratio in the SunLight region, budgeted more than $1.1 million for salaries and benets of school counselors for the 2018-19 school year. The amount includes resources and sup plies used in the counseling program, said Dr. Lisa Williams, Thomas Schools superinten dent. According to an earnings sheet, it appears Thomas County has put more local funds into hiring additional counselors than the 10.22 they are afforded by state money the dis trict has 21 total counselors. Williams said counselors in the Thomas County School System strive to make the greatest possible impact on the student body, while also noting the importance and aiming for a lower student-to-counselor ratio. Research shows that high school students who have greater access to their school coun selors are far more likely to graduate, which proves how vital the school counselors role is to our students, schools, system and com munity, Williams said. Just across the city line sits Thomasville City School District, which has seven coun selors. The state gives the district funding for 5.11 counselors. Compared to other nearby districts, Thom asville has a decent ratio one that isnt much higher than ASCAs recommended amount but also not above the states 450:1. A 314:1 ratio is still challenging, though. Laine Reichert, Thomasville City School District superintendent, said when the ratio is too big, counselors are restricted in their ability to engage every student and often have to choose activities that have the greatest impact, rather than provide the full range of services. The value of counselors in schools cannot be measured, Reichert said. They wear so many different hats and fulll a myriad of needs throughout the year. Often, they are the glue that hold students, teachers, administra tors and parents together through the resourc es and services that they provide. Whiteld County School District, which neighbors the Dalton City School District, isnt quite as close to the ASCA recommen dation, but its 32 counselors exceed the state recommendation. Whiteld County funds several more coun selors than the 25.46 funded by the state. Greg Bailey, principal of Eastbrook Middle School, calls counselors essential. We would be very hard-pressed to survive without them, he said. (The children) can be dealing with very difcult issues at home. The counselors are the rst line of defense. There is a job to do and issues to face no matter how many counselors are under one schools roof. Utilizing counselors in the most efcient way can help, even with short ages. The BRIDGE (Building Resourceful In dividuals to Develop Georgias Economy) Law requires all Georgia school systems to help students develop graduation plans and attend regularly scheduled career advisement appointments. At Lowndes County, Wilcher said the school system is promoting career paths and post-secondary opportunities from day one. We start working on career guidance in the rst grade, Wilcher said. They are very specic to each grade. We are a college-prep system, so we are directing all of our students in that direction so they know exactly what to do when that time comes. Natasha Davis, a school counselor at Lakeview Primary School in the Baldwin County School District, does something simi lar on her own. Davis is a counselor for students in grades K-2, but she said its important to start talking about careers with students as early as pos sible. Even though they dont ofcially start planning for colleges and careers until they get to middle or high school, we try to expose them to careers here, Davis said. I consult with the teachers to work on career awareness lessons. Dalton High School counselor Julie Gall man said the school is coordinating events specic to graduation planning and post-sec ondary information, including a senior sem inar. It will serve as a reminder, Gallman said, to seniors that now is the time to nish college applications, take or retake college entrance exams and get letters of recommen dation completed. We are getting into the heavy season of college applications, and that requires a lot of one-on-one with the kids because we are ba sically teaching them how to advertise them selves to colleges, Gallman said. Thats in addition to the college and career counseling we do for all the other grades. Both Valdosta City Schools and Lowndes County Schools have the advantage of being neighbors to three colleges: Valdosta State University, Wiregrass Technical College and Georgia Military College. Dual enrollment, a program that allows high school students to earn college credits, has been implemented in many school dis tricts across the state. However, the close ties between the two school systems and three colleges has expanded opportunities for area high school students. We have Wiregrass teaching students right here in our building, Gaskins said. All high school students can take dual-en rollment courses with multiple offerings from all three colleges. Counselors do the best they can to reach all students, even when big ratios overwhelm them. Gaskins said social media is a useful tool as well as sending out Remind alerts, a notication system that sends text messages to students. It would always be easier if students ap proach counselors rst, said Justin Harrison, a counselor at Colquitt County High School. Its pivotal that every student knows their counselors, Harrison said. Everybody, especially when they get to the high school level, needs to know if they want to go to a four-year college, two-year college or even the military. Its important that they know us so we can help them pursue their goals be cause thats our job. Those missed individual connections be tween her and her students are what worries Gaskins the most not the 455:1 ratio. To make a counselor shortage less over whelming, Gaskins said counselors need to get creative and try new things that will ben et students. No one here has ever told me that we cant do it because its the way weve always done it, Gaskins said. If theres something new out there that we learn from a counsel ors meeting or some kind of online resource that we nd, we try to push it forward to our students. In addition to Katelyn Umholtz, SunLight Project reporters Markeith Cromartie, Patti Dozier, Charles Oliver and Gil Pound con tributed to this report. rffntbff rfntbftfnffnn rffrftnrfb nnnfnnfnnn nrfrntfrnr f nnff nnfnr fff ntffn

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 9A We got a pretty good team, good boys, strong boys; District champs the last three years. No. 29 as performed by Steve Earle Two years ago on an autumn Saturday I lowered my home decorating magazine and said across the room, Whats a rst down? My husband stared in wonder and surprise. In 37 years, it was the rst foot ball related question I had ever initiated. We talked about basic strategies and rules. Things evolved from there, and last year we purchased tickets and attended my rst major college game in decades. I actually loved it. The ner points and nuances of the game itself are still beyond me, though I cheer for our team. The winning and los ing isnt nearly as important to me as the quality of the evening. A spectacle under the lights on a college campus feels like au tumn should. Maybe it reminds me of my own collegiate years. Re gardless, its an exhil arating and powerful experience: the sounds of pre-game and half time band performanc es; the passion of the students and fans; the color and pageantry of the scene. Its all captivating. And foot ball means fall is around the corner. It is typical of my timing that just when college football attendance is experienc ing its rst serious decline in decades, I have jumped on the bandwagon. Perhaps my long association with investing has First downs, autumn Saturdays and Steve Earle created a contrarians approach to fan dom. Investing is an activity which, by denition, rewards those who avoid fol lowing the crowd. If you buy a security when everyone else is doing the same, frequently it has been bid up and its like ly that youre paying too high a price for it. This is not always the case; sometimes large numbers of investors purchase a security and it continues to increase in value. But, as the late nancial journalist Louis Rukeyser once said, Trees dont grow to the sky. The trick is to locate a good company, and then buy it during a downturn, or when other investors are selling it. In this sense, a good investor must understand the value of a company, and then trust that a decline in share price is temporary. Market dynamics are changing, but many basic investing principles still ap ply. Simply stated, buy a good company, one which youll be glad to own three to ve years from now as well as today. And buy it a fair or advantageous price. To do so, you often must have the condence to go against the grain and buy when others are selling. Then, during the next down turn, you must have the tenacity to hold when others are bailing. Margaret R. McDowell, ChFC, AIF, author of the syndicated economic column Arbor Outlook, is the founder of Arbor Wealth Management, LLC, (850-608-6121 www.arborwealth.net), a duciary, fee-only registered investment advi sory rm located near Destin, Fla. This column should not be considered person alized investment advice and provides no assurance that any specic strategy or investment will be suitable or protable for an investor. Arbor Outlook tnordlie@u.edu GAINESVILLE In the wake of Hurricane Irma, economists with the University of Florida Insti tute of Food and Agricul tural Sciences realized that their UF/IFAS Extension colleagues needed a better system for reporting dam ages and losses suffered by producers something faster, more focused, more standardized. Today, that better sys tem is in place. A team with the UF/ IFAS food and resource economics department has created a comprehensive online assessment form thats ready for use fol lowing a hurricane, ood, drought, wildre or other large-scale disaster, said Christa Court, an assistant scientist with the depart ment and co-developer of the form. After the danger has passed, UF/IFAS Exten sion agents will go into the eld to make rst-hand observations and interview producers, Court said. This information is criti cal to relief efforts state and federal agencies rely on UF/IFAS Extension to do this work because our agents have the expertise and the contacts to collect the raw data thats need ed. Access to the assess ment form will be made available to appropriate UF/IFAS Extension per sonnel following a di saster, she said. Selected eld agents representing the U.S. Department of Agriculture are expected to participate as well, she said. Once the UF/IFAS Ex tension agents have gath ered information, it will be forwarded to Court and her colleagues so that they can develop a summary of the estimated asset damag es and commodity losses. These estimates will be provided to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services and the Florida ofces of the USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA), to help guide relief and recovery efforts. Court said the new assessment form met expectations during trial runs. Initial reactions from colleagues at state agen cies suggest that the form meets their needs as well. FSA views this tool as being a benecial help with damage assessment, said Justin Teuton, FSA acting state executive di rector for Florida. Under USDA rules, before a crop disaster can be declared in a particu lar county there must be documentation showing at least a 30 percent loss of one agricultural commodi ty, she said. The disaster declaration is needed before producers can participate in some federal relief programs and receive compensation for their damages and losses, Court said. She explained that economists use the term damages when referring to physical harm that be falls crops, animals and property, whereas they use the term losses to indi cate decreases in revenue that are attributed to the disaster or to damages it caused. The assessment form was created using Qual trics software and can be lled out using mobile devices, laptops and desk top computers, said Alan Hodges, a UF/IFAS Exten sion scientist and co-de veloper of the form. Accessibility and ease of use were high priorities during the forms devel opment, Hodges said. In fact, the entire project was intended to facilitate faster reporting, he said. You want to provide solid estimates to state and federal agencies as quick ly as possible ideally, within a few hours, or a few days at most, Hodges said. If it takes months, that may have a negative impact on the assistance thats provided, because when the process takes too long, peoples attention can get focused on other things. Assessment results will be available to the public only in aggregate form, Hodges said, and details from individual responses will be kept condential. Consequently, it will be impossible for casual ob servers to access data from specic farms, ranches or other operations, he said. Another notable aspect of the form is that it asks users to submit informa tion for only one operation at a time, he said. Users can submit as many forms as needed, but they need to stick with one farm per form, Hodges said. Multiple crops can be reported on a single form, so long as theyre grown on the same site by the same operation, he said. Forestry is one industry sector we did not include, but well cover it in the near future, Hodges said. We may also develop a webinar to introduce the system to UF/IFAS Exten sion faculty. Funding for develop ment of the assessment form was provided by UF/ IFAS Extension and the food and resource eco nomics department, Hodg es said. New UF/IFAS crop-damage assessment system will speed reporting after disasters Lafayette County Schools are now serving FREE lunches to ALL students. These meals are based on nutrition standards from the U.S. De partment of Agriculture. New nutrition standards for schools increase access to healthy food and encourage kids to make smart choices. Schools are working to make meals more nutri tious, keep all students hunger-free and help maintain or reach a heathy weight. 1. Healthier School Meals for Your Children Your children benet from healthier meals that include more whole grains, fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy prod ucts, lower sodium foods, and less saturated fat. Talk to your child about the changes in the meals served at school. 2. More Fruits and Vegetables Every Day Kids have fruits and vegetables at school every day. A variety of vegetables and served throughout the week including red, orange and dark green vegetables. 3. More Whole-Grain Foods Half of all grains offered are whole-grain-rich foods such as whole-grain pasta, brown rice and oatmeal. Some foods are made by replacing half the rened-grain (white) our with wholegrain our. 4. Both Low-Fat Milk (1%) and Fat-Free Milk Vari eties are Offered Children get the same calcium and other nutrients, but with fewer calories and less saturated fat by drinking low-fat (1 percent) or fat-free milk. For children who cant drink milk due to allergies or lactose intolerance, schools can offer milk substitutes, such as calcium fortied soy beverages. 5. Less Saturated Fat and Salt A variety of foods are offered to reduce the salt and saturated fat in school meals. Main dishes may include beans, peas, nuts, tofu or seafood as well as lean meats and poultry. Ingredients and foods contain less salt (sodium). 6. More Water Schools can provide water pitchers and cups on lunch tables, a water fountain, or a faucet that allows students to ll their own bottles or cups with drinking water. Water is available where meals are served. 7. New Portion Sizes School meals meet childrens calorie needs, based on their age. While some portions may be smaller, kids still get the nutrition they need to keep them growing and active. 8. Stronger Local Wellness Programs New policies offer opportunities for parents and communities to create wellness programs that address local needs. Talk with your principal, teachers, school board, parent-teacher as sociation and others to create a strong wellness program in your community. 9. MyPlate Can Help Kids Make Better Food Choices Show children how to make healthy food choices at school by using MyPlate. Visit ChooseMyPlate.gov for tips and resources. 10. Resources for Parents School meal programs can provide much of what children need for health and growth. But for many parents, buying healthy foods at home is a challenge. Learn more about healthy school meals and other nutrition assistance at www.fns.usda. gov. For more information about eating healthy and other nutrition information, contact your local Family Nutrition Program Assistant. Eva Bolton is the Family Nutrition Program Assistant at the UF/IFAS Lafayette County Extension Ofce. The school day just got healthier rf Special to the Democrat LIVE OAK The 20th annual Citizens Police Academy will begin next month at the Live Oak Police Department. The academy is a public service program con ducted by the Live Oak Police Department and is organized and facilitated by Ofcer David Shapiro. The academy is slated to begin Tuesday, Sept. 18. Shapiro has been in volved with Florida law enforcement for almost 30 years and is suited to lead this community-minded program. Shapiro ex plains that the purpose of the academy is to give citizens a view of law enforcement and the criminal justice system, from the inside out and its goal is to enhance a harmonious working relationship between community members and law enforcement while opening a mutually supportive avenue for communication. Shapiro stresses that the course offers an opportunity for citizens to learn more about their local law en forcement, ask questions, and gain a more thorough understanding of the inner workings of the Live Oak Police Department. The academy is also a means for participants and police personnel to share infor mation and ideas about the police profession. The Academy also provides for improved community/police rela tionships, enhanced coop eration and reduced ste reotyping, says Shapiro. During the 10-week course that will be held at the LOPD headquarters at 205 SE White Ave. and other selected locations, participants are intro LOPDs Citizens Police Academy set to begin Units located on Gold Kist Road Rental Oce: 121 Van Buren St., Live Oak 364-6626 8991-1 CLIMATE CONTROLLED STORAGE ABBEY & LIVE OAK MINI STORAGE MAYO The Lafay ette Elementary School Advisory Council is seek ing new members. Anyone interested in serving on this council for the 2018-2019 school year is asked to call Cecelia Kelley at 294-2882. The rst LES SAC meeting for the 2018-2019 school year will be Sep tember 2018. The date and time of the rst meeting will be sent home in the September LES newsletter. LES Advisory Council seeking new members duced to many of the ac tivities and investigative techniques that the police use on a regular basis, as well as other departments within the judicial sys tem. This years course will include a segment on the hazards of texting and driving, a live K-9 demonstration, a presen tation by an FBI agent as well as a representative of the USPS Investigative Unit, a presentation by Homeland Security and an active shooter awareness session. There will be repre sentatives from other state and local agencies, including active partic ipation by many LOPD ofcers. Many of the ac tivities include interaction between class members and presenters and they all allow for ample ques tions by academy mem bers. Don and Carolyn Bak er have been attending the event for six years and look forward to the extended knowledge and interaction that they gain each year. We were hooked after our rst year, said Don Baker. I enjoy learning about the different areas covered in the academy and David Shapiro always seems to get high quality speakers for each ses sion. Classes are held on Tuesdays beginning at 6 p.m. There is a $20 regis tration fee for the acade my which covers the cost of ammunition used at the ring range, the certi cate of graduation, and a banquet at the end of the course. Applications are avail able at the LOPD ofce at 205 White St. Ave. Space is limited. For more information, call 386-362-7463. ONLINE CONTENT ONLINE CONTENT For more breaking news, weather updates, obituaries and more, visit our website at http://www.suwanneed emocrat.com/

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 10A The Jasper News 135051-1 inally on board when Mir acle Whip rst approached the town about a month ago with what Brand Manager Molly White even admitted was a different, tangy idea. I was like, No way, because they are going to be really angry, Murphy said, even announcing to the crowd prior to the cere mony that the name change wasnt permanent. Originally the plan wasnt to announce that un til Monday. However, word about the proclamation leaked out Friday, in part due to the unveiling of the change on the water tower where Miracle Whip replaced Mayo. Mayo returned to the water tower Monday evening. Even so, the event was still everything the compa ny was hoping for, even if a little different. We wanted to make it a good time for the town, said White, brand manager with Miracle Whip, which also handed out jars of its product and caps and shirts proclaiming Proud to be from Miracle Whip, Florida and #NoMore Mayo following the cere mony. Sheldon Feldscher, though, was one in atten dance who didnt know what the event was about. Rather, he saw one of the mayors yers about the historic event and decided to attend with his family. Id be wondering if it was a big joke, Feldscher said about the idea of the name change. Until you started seeing signs going up. Or until you Google Miracle Whip and youd get what it was and then right after, town. Murphy, though, assured those at the park that while the name change was not real a joke the com pany and nobody associated with the event was making fun of the town or its resi dents. Mike Tangalo, a brand ambassador for Miracle Whip who took part in the ceremony announcing Continued From Page 1A Mayo that the name change was needed because while mayo is plain and boring and un exciting, the town and its residents dont t that de scription, also said the town had won over the crew that spent the week here. We came to the same conclusion that were sure everybody comes to when they pass through here, and thats, you guys are good, he said. You guys are good people. Vi Johnson, owner of the Dust Catcher and one of the towns residents that has spent some time with the lm crew, was a fan of the whole idea. Mainly because its not really happening. It would have been ridiculous if it was real, Johnson said. But I think its a good deal. The whole Miracle Whip thing, its a cute idea. And one, that while not real, also isnt done just yet. White admitted the compa ny was going to continue to promote the town and itself. We dont want to be bland, she said. LIVE OAK Summer is almost over and Labor Day this weekend will usher in the fall with all its activities and excitement. But rst, this weekend at the Spirit of the Suwannee Music Park comes with reworks sponsored by Busy Bee, childrens activ ities, bounce houses, free hot dogs for the kids Sat urday, arts and crafts, live music in the Music Hall on Thursday (karaoke), Friday and Saturday (live bands) and Sunday evening (live music duo), golf cart parade, swimming pool for overnight guests, hiking, golf carting, bike riding, canoeing and much, much more! Saturday night is the huge reworks show on the Jam Field beginning at dusk. It is brought to the community by Busy Bee. The event is held each Labor Day weekend at the SOSMP and draws a huge crowd for all the excite ment. Admission for the Labor Day Get-A-Way with reworks set for Music Park reworks for non-campers is $10 per carload. The holiday weekend gets underway Thursday from 7 p.m. in the Mu sic Hall with karaoke with Ted TeddyMac Elvis McMullen on the newly named TeddyMac Stage. Free admission. Doors open at 5 p.m. for dinner Thursdays. On Friday night, the Treble Hook Band from Alachua, will bring great dancing and listening mu sic for the evening starting at 8 p.m. The young band has proven on the large Music Hall stage previous ly that they know how to entertain. Saturday night will fea ture the SoulShine Band of Valdosta, Ga., a hot country and Southern Rock band with many fans at the SOSMP. Doors open at 6 p.m. Friday and Saturday night to the Music Hall, free ad mission. Sunday night it is Bam and JaJo in the Music Hall bringing great music for listening or dancing. Music Starts at 7 p.m. These two, part of SoulShine, will keep the music owing. Free admission. dont think she (Miller) is the kind of person who would stiff somebody to be mean, Councilman Walter McKenzie said. I dont think she is the kind of person that would make an agreement that was rmly understood between both parties and break it. Miller said she asked Calder, a friend and do nor, to provide a donation grant to help provide services to children but she never guaranteed the funds. She said her friend is the one that decided on the amount. I personally want to see the charity paid, Councilman Rhett Bullard said. McKenzie said if he was going to in good faith vote to provide the funding, he would like the rhetoric of playing this, shorting someone for this and calling people gangsters to be with drawn. At a special meeting Aug. 23, the council vot ed 3-2, with Miller and McKenzie against, to provide Coker with the $3,000. Following the meeting on Aug. 25, Calder sent Coker an email stating he has authorized the addi tional $3,000 and asked that she not contact him for future funds. According to White Spring Town Manager Stacy Tebo, she has al ready started the process for giving the $3,000 to Coker and did not plan to stop the check, despite Calder authorizing the funds. Despite both Calder and the council authorizing payments to cover the remaining $3,000, Coker still plans on suing Miller for that $3,000 balance on the grant and the cost of litigation. She also plans on ling a complaint with the Commissions of Ethics because she said she feels Miller used her position on the council unethically. Coker also plans to le a complaint with the Attorney General and States Attorney about McKenzie. She said she feels he tried to bribe her with the $3,000, if she would stop threats of law suits and certain rhetoric. Cokers plans also in clude suing Anita Rivers and Nicole Williams for the allegedly slanderous statements they are post ing on Facebook. She also plans to le a criminal complaint against Williams, who admitted at the Aug. 14 meeting that she has re corded conversations be tween them. Continued From Page 1A Coker election in November. Other seats on the bal lot were United States Senator, Governor, At torney General and Com missioner of Agriculture. According to the Department of States Division of Elections, 985 votes were cast in Hamilton County prior to Tuesdays primary elec tion day 398 during the early voting period and 587 more through vote-by-mail. Continued From Page 1A Election road projects. The shortfalls of fund ing for the projects were $499,984.69 for SW 55th Drive and U.S. Highway 129; $52,504.25 for 104th Avenue, 35th Drive, NW 103rd Place and Chan Bridge Road; and $361,932.51 for SE 141st Boulevard. I dont want FDOT to think we suddenly have a lot of money, said Com missioner Randy Ogburn. County Engineer Greg Bailey said FDOT is good to Hamilton Coun ty and he doesnt see it changing. Valdosta Wastewater Contamination The board is looking into litigation options against the City of Val dosta due to the contin ued wastewater spills. The City of Valdosta recently had a large spill that may have impact ed the water quality at Knights Cree and the Alapaha River. Tom Moffses, Hamil ton County Health De partment administrator, informed the board the Alapaha River has been cleared for swimming af ter the Aug. 13 spillage. In my eight years, I am sick and tired of answering for Lowndes County, Commissioner Josh Smith said. You are so helpless when you have to look at a constit uent and tell them theres nothing you can do. County Attorney Cliff Adams said the county could potentially le legal action against the City of Valdosta and he will look into it for the next meeting. Continued From Page 1A County ets. Green said she saw a need in Hamilton County and wants to help. She said this ministry is an extension of Agape House, a recovery house she helped start in Pennsyl vania. Agape Green Acres Min istry does not currently have a building. For more information, contact Earlene Green at 267-779-4845 or drgreen49@yahoo.com. Continued From Page 1A Agape

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 11A 128567-1 130711-1 Healthy Living Whats the best exercise for you? For the most part, I enjoy exercise; have always been active so most days its not hard to get my workout done. BUT the truth is that there are days every so often that if I was not a t ness instructor with morning classes to teach, it would be easy to say not today. You know me. I tell it like it is and for me to say I never struggle every so often would be a lie. Lucky for me though I do enjoy and crave exercise so those days dont happen very often. There are reasons, GOOD reasons, why people exercise or go to the gym. What motivates them to stay on track? How do they make themselves take a walk in the morning before work or hit the gym in the afternoon before dinner? And the most important question? How can we be like them? Last week, I was chatting with Cathy Rogers after yoga class. Cathy used to write healthy lifestyle articles for the Suwannee Democrat also. She said I have a topic for you if you ever draw a blank on what to write about. I told her after writing an article every week for several years, there are denitely weeks where Im racking my brain trying to gure out what to write about. This is one of those weeks so Im VERY grateful to Cathy for mentioning this topic. What IS the best exercise for you? I have been asked by people what the best exercise would be for them. Is it OK if they take this class or that class. Should a woman lift weights? What about personal trainers? Should I talk to one? Is CrossFit or yoga too hard for someone my age? Cathy hit the nail on the head when she said the best exercise for YOU is one that you will ENJOY doing no matter where you are in your tness journey. And to nd that exercise you enjoy doing, you simply have to try them out until you nd the one for you. It goes for anything. If you enjoy what you are doing, you will be more likely to do it. From exercise to jobs, if you have fun doing it, you stick with it. What happens when you are miserable at work? You call in sick or quit. Same thing when it comes to exercise. Its REAL easy to call in sick or even quit when its time to get your daily workout in when you are not having fun. Those people you see walking or at the gym pretty much every day? They have found what they enjoy doing. For me, I enjoy tness classes because not only are the folks in these classes friends I enjoy seeing, they keep me accountable too. Try not showing up for a class without telling your tness friends you wont be there. They will say we missed you yesterday because they notice when you are not there. For others, they prefer time to themselves. Walking the dog, hiking, training for events or other exercise that can be done alone gives them that time they need to decom press and relax. And still others prefer more powerful types of exercise like boxing, CrossFit or martial arts. They like the challenge these types of activities give them. Simply keep trying new exercises, classes, gyms, stu dios, outdoors or indoors until you nd what works best for YOU. Once you nd it, making yourself exercise wont be a problem again. Have a wonderful week! To your health, Denise Denise Sanger is a certied tness instructor, Silver Sneakers Instructor, AMPD Kettlebell Instructor, licensed Zumba, STRONG by Zumba instructor, gentle ow yoga, teaches morning classes at Country Strong Health & Fit ness. Denise may be reached at DeniseSanger.com, 386292-6105 or denisesanger@gmail.com. Have you noticed how every talk show host and the cover of every magazine promises THE ANSWER to every single problem we face? They pledge to solve our health prob lems, relationship problems, money problems, etc., with the results of the latest study, survey, or the newest information available. Now, I am not opposed to new information or stud ies. In fact, I think we are wise to stay in pursuit of knowledge and be lifelong learners. My angst comes from thinking that all the right answers have yet to be discovered; perhaps we just keep hoping someone will come up with an easier route to deal with our problems. Our pastor recently challenged us to read continuous ly through the book of Proverbs, reading Chapter 1 on the rst day of the month, Chapter 2 on the second, and so on. Since there are 31 chapters, there is an assigned chapter for any months worth of days. At rst glance, Proverbs might seem to be just a collection of quaint, old-fashioned sayings. However, upon study and consid eration, deep spiritual insights appear that focus on the character and works of God and prove to be anything but outdated. A proverb is a short, concise sentence that expresses a moral truth not just intended to present knowledge (having the facts), but to impart wisdom (applying those facts to life). Further, the Hebrew word for prov erb means to rule or govern. Hence, the truths pre sented in the Proverbs provide profound advice for us to live by. Written by King Solomon, called the wisest man who ever lived, the book begins with a purpose statement: The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Is rael: for attaining wisdom and discipline; for understanding words of insights; for acquiring a disciplined and prudent life, doing what is right and just and fair; for giving prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the young. (Proverbs 1:1-4) A few things I noticed about this purpose statement: the priority is about attaining wisdom AND discipline. One without the other can prove dangerous. Wisdom without discipline will give way to temptation (Solo mons accumulation of wives and concubines that led him away from the Lord is an obvious example) but dis Heart Matters Seek wisdom from Proverbs cipline without wisdom can simply result in punishment or even abuse. Second, these verses dont argue basic spiritual and moral beliefs. They assume the reader desires to do what is right and just and fair, not split hairs or look for loopholes about how to dene each one. In fact, agreeing with Gods Word is a prerequisite to compre hending Solomons proverbs. Finally, Solomon seeks to inuence the young with his experience and words of wisdom. A young person who energetically seeks wisdom will have success, while those who mock and hate knowledge, calamity will over take (Proverbs 1:26-27). This holds true whether we are young in years or at heart, so no matter what our age, I challenge you to take a deeper look at the wisdom and insight of Solomons proverbs, because every heart mat ters! Blessings, Angie Heart Matters is a weekly column written by Ang ie Land, Director of the Family Life Ministries of the Lafayette Baptist Association, where she teaches bible studies, leads marriage and family conferences and offers biblical counseling to individuals, couples and families. Contact Angie with questions at angieland3@ windstream.net.

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 12A 135029-1 www.svec-coop.com Mon.-Fri. 7am-5pm Sat. 7am-1211860 E US 27 Branford, FL 32008 (386) 935-1544Fax: (386) 935-388424/7 Fuel Depot We have Gasoline & Diesel Fuel 135058-1 We Sell & Service Generators BYRDS POWER EQUIPMENT Sales and Service(Also Parts & Repairs)All Makes and ModelsPole-sawsChainsaws 135088-1 Hamilton County Say Thank you for All the Work You Do 130 West Howard Street Live Oak, FL 32064Registered Land SurveyorsJ. Sherman Frier, R.L.S. Tim Alcorn, P.S.M. rfrnftbrfr nJ. Sherman Frier & Associates 135116-1 135155-1 Herbert C. Mantooth, D.D.S., P.A.GENERAL AND RESTORATIVE DENTISTRYHerbert C. MantoothD.D.S., P.A.602 Railroad Avenue Live Oak, Florida 32064 www.mantoothdental.comTelephone (386) 362-6556 1-800-829-6506 FAX (386) 362-5769 SURREY PLACE 110 SE Lee Ave. Live Oak, FL 32060 (386) 364-5961135185-1 rfrnrtbrrnrfrr rfntbtfrntfr bbttrftrbfffrtrbbbt 135228-1 135464-1 US 129 North @ Hamilton Ave.LEN A. DUNCANduncantireandautoliveoak.com 135497-1 203 Pinewood Way, SW Live Oak, FL 1150 NW Hwy 41 Ste 4, Jasper, FL Suwannee River Federal Credit Union 858633 386-362-2225/386-792-2301 1-888-441-3894 Toll-Free suwanneeriverfcu.com 135554-1 135581-1 John Strayer | johnslawneq@gmail.comGet mow for your money.Phone 386-362-5020 | Toll Free 800-648-2856 Fax 386-362-5021 1629 N. Ohio Ave. | Live Oak, FL 32064 www.JohnsLawnEq.com 135585-1 317 E. Howard Street | Live Oak, FL 32064 | (386) 362-4535 www.townandcountrytireliveoak.com JESSIE PHILPOT PLUMBING AND ELECTRIC, INC.(386) 362-4540 0001837 0038593 135639-1 135643-1 rfnrtbfrffnrf frt frrfrf rfr fftrr frrff rtr f rffrf rf rrrrnfrfr rf rrffrfrt rffrfr ff ftrftrrrf rfffrf t rrtrfr rfrf ffrrf frft ftrtrrf ftft frfrr rrrfrrrfrf rf f rff trff rt frtrf rtrrrr rfrfff rrffrfrf rrrrfrt rfrfrfrf rtfrfr rrt rtfrtrf f ff rfrffrrrf t rtrf rr f rrr frffr rfrrf frfrf rr rffr trf rrrrfrfrf frrftf nrf 117232-1

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Sports SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 FEATURED INSIDE: Josh Braun, OL, SuwanneeWhy hes here : Braun, a junior, has already been recognized as a top player in Florida (All State selection in 2017) and the country (Max Preps All American). Quotable: Hes a small mountain. weight room. Very smart kid. Hes one of the most dominant kids that Ive coached. Hes a big anchor up front and hes just going to get better, which is scary. SHS coach Kyler Hall Jaxson Beach, QB, LafayetteWhy hes here : Lafayettes explo run, throw and read defenses, as he proved last year with 39 total touch as a starter. Quotable: Hes super competitive. He has a strong arm, accurate and a quick release. His ability to run the dual-treat capa LHS coach Joey PearsonGarris Edwards, RB, LafayetteWhy hes here : Lafayettes ver satile running back has racked up 2,202 yards rushing, 290 yards receiving and 31 touch downs in two seasons. Quotable: Garris is so depend able hes a three year-starter, steady and a leader who plays on both sides of the ball. And he can catch the ball out of the LHS coach Joey PearsonCarlton Hall, RB, Suwannee Malik Jennings, DB, LafayetteWhy hes here : Jennings, along with Lafayettes three other Electrifying 11 members, was an All-State selec tion in 2017. He had 62 tackles and three interceptions. Quotable: Malik is a su per physical defender. A great tackler who is always around the ball. A leader in the secondary and the entire defense. He forced seven turnovers last year. LHS coach Joey PearsonCJ Pepper, WR, BranfordWhy hes here : A swiss army knife, Pepper had 311 yards receiving, 94 yards rushing and made 25 tackles with one interception in 2017. Quotable: Hes elusive and hes highly intelligent on the football instinctive. Hes that type that I can just say, This is not in the playbook but heres what were doing. Go be a ballplay er. And thats what he brings to the table. BHS coach Tim ClarkAaron McQuay, RB, BranfordWhy hes here : McQuays 1,135 yards rushing and 11 touchdowns helped Bran ford achieve a 5-5 record in 2017. He was an Honorable Mention All-State. Quotable: Obviously hes our workhorse. Hes a playmaker and he draws the attention of defenses. BHS coach Tim ClarkBen Massey, WR, LafayetteWhy hes here : Massey had 777 yards reaching and 13 touchdown recep tions a season ago. On defense, he recorded 37 tackles and two intercep tions. Quotable: Ben is a super explosive player. Anytime he has the ball he is a defense and special teams. LHS coach Joey PearsonJaquary Pratt, WR, SuwanneeWhy hes here : Pratt led the Bulldogs with 237 yards receiving last season. The senior is Suwannees most experienced wide receiver and biggest deep threat. Quotable: Hes our spark plug. He can run all day, defense. Hes such an in-shape athlete. Hes going to make some big plays for us this year. SHS coach Kyler HallKeyvon Webb, RB, Hamilton CountyWhy hes here : With all the turn over at HCHS, Webb is a consis tent presence and also the Trojans best player. He led the team in rushing last season. Hell be used at running back, quarter back and defensive back. Quotable: He is smart and will play any position. He is one of the hardest hitters pound for pound that I have ever coached. He is a great teammate and I frequently see him talking to, and teaching the game. HCHS interim coach Doug ClaytonJay Williams, DL, SuwanneeWhy hes here : Williams might not put up huge num bers in Suwannees 3-4 look, but he will be key in moving people up front. With talent and experience, he is poised for a big senior season. Quotable: Ive seen him bust his tail in the weight room, condi tioning. He causes chaos at the defensive line position. He plays with a lot of grit, toughness. Really the tone setter on the de fensive line. SHS coach Kyler Hall Why hes here : Hall has been Suwannees work horse and focal point of seasons. He ran for 904 yards and nine touch downs in 2017. Quotable: A tremendous young man great kid and great character. Hes about his business. Doesnt say a whole lot, leads by example. Hes made his mark and will continue to do it this year. SHS coach Kyler Hall With football fever hitting North Florida, high school sta diums are ready to be packed with energized crowds, ready for something to send another charge through them. Whether its a scintillating touchdown run, a devastating block, a superb sack, a top-notch throw or a riveting return, each member of the Electrifying 11 is guaranteed to electrify their schools faithful throughout the 2018 campaign. And each week during the season, the Suwannee Democrat, Jasper News and Mayo Free Press will feature one member of the team for an in-depth look at what makes them a member of the inaugural Electrifying 11. JAMIE WACHTER PAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM) JACK HOWDESHELL (JHOWDY.COM) JAMIE WACHTER JAMIE WACHTER JAMIE WACHTER JAMIE WACHTERPAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM)PAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM)PAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM)JACK HOWDESHELL (JHOWDY.COM) So as Alabama and head coach Nick Saban set their sights on a sixth national champion ship in 10 years, a number of his former top aides have been entrusted with the responsibility to stop him. Four Southeast ern Conference programs are headed by former Saban assis tants with Jimbo Fisher at Texas A&M and Jeremy Pruitt at Ten nessee joining South Carolinas Will Muschamp and Georgias Kirby Smart. Can Sabans famed process pay off elsewhere? To the mentor, the key to trying to duplicate that success elsewhere starts with not trying to duplicate him. I said the most important thing for you, when you go to be your own head coach, is you have to be who you are, Saban said. You have to be yourself. You guys have been that way here, and you made a tremen dous impact. They have made an impact elsewhere too. Fisher led Florida State to a national championship in 2013 with Pruitt serving as defensive coordinator before a berth in the College Football Playoffs a year later. Smart guided the Bulldogs to the brink of a national title last year before the Crimson Tide rallied and won 26-23 in overtime. Muschamp agreed that the lessons the coaches take from Saban then have to be applied in each persons own way. When you work for Coach Saban, its a total education in the game of football, recruiting, all of the things that you got to do to be successful, he said. And certainly, each one of those guys will have their own spin on how they want to do things. Smarts way of doing things led the Bulldogs to their first SEC crown since 2005. But that year also ended with a lesson for the Bulldogs, a pain ful one. I think thats big for our program and understanding that if you do things a certain way, that you can get to certain places, Smart said. We just have to be able to finish it when we get there. But its a lesson that has been played out many times before. With the championship game comeback, Saban is now 12-0 against his proteges, and the meetings will start to add up with two teams Tennessee and Texas A&M on the sched ule annually. At the end of the day, I guess if you do have more odds, you got a chance somebodys going to eventually beat him, Mus champ said. Hopefully well continue to get that to happen. Those odds will likely con tinue to grow. Even with the constant turn over of coaches, the Crimson Tide staff remains strong with a seemingly endless supply of analysts, quality control assistants and player personnel coaches. I like to help develop those coaches so when they go some place else and coach, I can hire them back someday, Saban said. The development system has worked. When Lane Kiffin departed after helping to revamp the Tides offense, another former USC head coach Steve Sarkisian was promoted from analyst to replace him. Now Mike Locks ley, another former head coach, has risen from the ranks of analyst to offensive coordinator. The same is true on defense. Pruitt was a former assistant that was lured back to Tusca loosa to replace Smart two years ago as defensive coordinator. Now that hes landed his head job, former analyst Tosh Lupoi will serve as coordinator. Athletic directors are always looking for the next mold of what that could be, Muschamp admitted. And I think thats whats provided myself and other guys opportunities. And with the opportunity comes the challenge of trying to knock off the best: their former boss. Well, I think obviously, you are what your record is, Muschamp said. Nick is the best coach in college football because of the accomplishments hes had. You name it, he does an outstanding job.Jamie Wachter CNHI Sports Florida 2018FOOTBALL PREVIEWJamie Wachter, Heather Bremer | CNHI Sports Indiana Photos: Ole Miss Athletics, Crimson Tide Photos/UA Athletics, Mizzou Athletics Communications, Auburn Athletics, Casey Sykes/The Red & Black, South Carolina Athletics, Kelly Donoho/MSU Athletic CommunicationsSECWith the SOUTHEASTERN CONFERENCES reign in question, the league put two teams into the College Football Playoff with ALABAMA topping GEORGIA for its fifth title in nine years. (12-0) (5-7) (10-2) (7-5) (6-6) (9-3) (7-5) (7-5) (11-1) (6-6) (8-4) (9-3) (4-8) (3-9) DIVISION CHAMPS SEC CHAMPION WEST DIVISION EAST DIVISION A.J. BROWN WR | OLE MISSNOTABLES: Deandre Baker, DB, Georgia; Nick Fitzgerald, QB, Mississippi State; Damien Harris, RB, Alabama; Deebo Samuel, WR, South Carolina; Devin White, LB, LSU.WHO STARTS AT BAMA? Jalen Hurts is 26-2 as a starting quarterback. Tua Tagovailoa rallied the Tide in last years title game to throw into question who will lead Bama.SEPT. 8GEORGIA AT SOUTH CAROLINAGAMES TO WATCH SEPT. 29FLORIDA AT MISSISSIPPI ST. As Dan Mullen hopes to return the Gators to power, an early litmus test with his former team will show how quickly he can accomplish that. NOV. 10AUBURN AT GEORGIA The rivals met twice last year, with the SEC title game turning into a defacto CFP play-in game. Division title hopes could also rest in the balance. NOV. 24AUBURN AT ALABAMA Much like last year, the SEC West Division could be up for grabs in the regular season finale with College Football Playoff implications as well.STORIES & QUERIES 1MULLEN BACK AT UF Can Dan Mullen succeed where Will Muschamp and Jim McElwain failed in returning the Gators to the top of the East and a national threat once more? 2A LOADED QB CLASS Jarrett Stidham, Nick Fitzgerald, Jake Fromm, Jake Bentley and the Alabama winner join SEC record holder Drew Lock in a strongarmed SEC. 3MAKE YOUR PICKS Jamie Wachter is the editor of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and Mayo Free Press in North Florida. Wachter previously has worked as a sports editor and sports writer for publications in Georgia, Mississippi and Missouri. He can be followed on Twitter at @jlwachter. Will the SEC champ make and/ or win the college playoffs? Without a doubt, the SEC champ will make the playoff. As last year proved, its very possible that the conference gets two in. And Alabama will be favored to repeat.Q. NAMES TO KNOW RAEKWON DAVIS DL | ALABAMA DREW LOCK QB | MISSOURI JARRETT STIDHAM QB | AUBURN DANDRE SWIFT The Bulldogs top returning rusher will be relied on to continue Georgias legacy of top RBs. RB | GEORGIARECORDS TO FALL Some recordbreaking performances come as a surprise Locks aerial assault a year ago while others are known. Here are a few to keep an eye on this season. CAREER KICKOFF RETURNS FOR TOUCHDOWNS CURRENT RECORD HOLDER: Six players, most recently Evan Berry (Tenn.) IN PURSUIT: Deebo Samuel, South Carolina TDS NEEDED: 1 CAREER RUSHING YARDS BY A QUARTERBACK CAREER PASSING ATTEMPTS CURRENT RECORD HOLDER : Jared Lorenzen, Kent. IN PURSUIT: Drew Lock, Missouri ATTEMPTS NEEDED: 398Casey Sykes | The Red & BlackAlabama quarterback Tua Tagovailoa unleashes the game-winning touchdown pass in last years national championship game against Georgia at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta.FORGET the notion that if you cant beat them join them. In college football and sports in general the real belief is if you cant beat them, steal from them.Can former assistants slow down Saban, Alabama?The Crimson Tides returning sack leader with 8.5 last year as a sophomore. After leading the SEC in completion percentage (.665), the junior aims for an even better year. Possibly the best WR in the nation after 75 catches for 1,252 yards and 11 TDs a year ago. Darkhorse Heisman Trophy candidate set SEC and school records with 44 TDs passing last year. As Georgia looks to repeat as SEC East champions, the Gamecocks will provide an early test to determine the leader in the division race.STEM THE TIDE CURRENT RECORD HOLDER: Tim Tebow, Florida IN PURSUIT: Nick Fitzgerald, Mississippi State YARDS NEEDED: 461 So as Alabama and head coach Nick Saban set their sights on a sixth national champion ship in 10 years, a number of his former top aides have been entrusted with the responsibility to stop him. Four Southeast ern Conference programs are headed by former Saban assis tants with Jimbo Fisher at Texas A&M and Jeremy Pruitt at Ten nessee joining South Carolinas Will Muschamp and Georgias Kirby Smart. Can Sabans famed process pay off elsewhere? To the mentor, the key to trying to duplicate that success elsewhere starts with not trying to duplicate him. I said the most important thing for you, when you go to be your own head coach, is you have to be who you are, Saban said. You have to be yourself. You guys have been that way here, and you made a tremen dous impact. They have made an impact elsewhere too. Fisher led Florida State to a national championship in 2013 with Pruitt serving as defensive coordinator before a berth in the College Football Playoffs a year later. Smart guided the Bulldogs to the brink of a national title last year before the Crimson Tide rallied and won 26-23 in overtime. Muschamp agreed that the lessons the coaches take from Saban then have to be applied in each persons own way. When you work for Coach Saban, its a total education in the game of football, recruiting, all of the things that you got to do to be successful, he said. And certainly, each one of those guys will have their own spin on how they want to do things. Smarts way of doing things led the Bulldogs to their first SEC crown since 2005. But that year also ended with a lesson for the Bulldogs, a pain ful one. I think thats big for our program and understanding that if you do things a certain way, that you can get to certain places, Smart said. We just have to be able to finish it when we get there. But its a lesson that has been played out many times before. With the championship game comeback, Saban is now 12-0 against his proteges, and the meetings will start to add up with two teams Tennessee and Texas A&M on the sched ule annually. At the end of the day, I guess if you do have more odds, you got a chance somebodys going to eventually beat him, Mus champ said. Hopefully well continue to get that to happen. Those odds will likely con tinue to grow. Even with the constant turn over of coaches, the Crimson Tide staff remains strong with a seemingly endless supply of analysts, quality control assistants and player personnel coaches. I like to help develop those coaches so when they go some place else and coach, I can hire them back someday, Saban said. The development system has worked. When Lane Kiffin departed after helping to revamp the Tides offense, another former USC head coach Steve Sarkisian was promoted from analyst to replace him. Now Mike Locks ley, another former head coach, has risen from the ranks of analyst to offensive coordinator. The same is true on defense. Pruitt was a former assistant that was lured back to Tusca loosa to replace Smart two years ago as defensive coordinator. Now that hes landed his head job, former analyst Tosh Lupoi will serve as coordinator. Athletic directors are always looking for the next mold of what that could be, Muschamp admitted. And I think thats whats provided myself and other guys opportunities. And with the opportunity comes the challenge of trying to knock off the best: their former boss. Well, I think obviously, you are what your record is, Muschamp said. Nick is the best coach in college football because of the accomplishments hes had. You name it, he does an outstanding job.Jamie Wachter CNHI Sports Florida 2018FOOTBALL PREVIEW Jamie Wachter, Heather Bremer | CNHI Sports Indiana Photos: Ole Miss Athletics, Crimson Tide Photos/UA Athletics, Mizzou Athletics Communications, Auburn Athletics, Casey Sykes/The Red & Black, South Carolina Athletics, Kelly Donoho/MSU Athletic CommunicationsSECWith the SOUTHEASTERN CONFERENCES reign in question, the league put two teams into the College Football Playoff with ALABAMA topping GEORGIA for its fifth title in nine years. (12-0) (5-7) (10-2) (7-5) (6-6) (9-3) (7-5) (7-5) (11-1) (6-6) (8-4) (9-3) (4-8) (3-9) DIVISION CHAMPS SEC CHAMPION WEST DIVISION EAST DIVISION A.J. BROWN WR | OLE MISSNOTABLES: Deandre Baker, DB, Georgia; Nick Fitzgerald, QB, Mississippi State; Damien Harris, RB, Alabama; Deebo Samuel, WR, South Carolina; Devin White, LB, LSU.WHO STARTS AT BAMA? Jalen Hurts is 26-2 as a starting quarterback. Tua Tagovailoa rallied the Tide in last years title game to throw into question who will lead Bama.SEPT. 8GEORGIA AT SOUTH CAROLINAGAMES TO WATCH SEPT. 29FLORIDA AT MISSISSIPPI ST. As Dan Mullen hopes to return the Gators to power, an early litmus test with his former team will show how quickly he can accomplish that. NOV. 10AUBURN AT GEORGIA The rivals met twice last year, with the SEC title game turning into a defacto CFP play-in game. Division title hopes could also rest in the balance. NOV. 24AUBURN AT ALABAMA Much like last year, the SEC West Division could be up for grabs in the regular season finale with College Football Playoff implications as well.STORIES & QUERIES 1MULLEN BACK AT UF Can Dan Mullen succeed where Will Muschamp and Jim McElwain failed in returning the Gators to the top of the East and a national threat once more? 2A LOADED QB CLASS Jarrett Stidham, Nick Fitzgerald, Jake Fromm, Jake Bentley and the Alabama winner join SEC record holder Drew Lock in a strongarmed SEC. 3MAKE YOUR PICKS Jamie Wachter is the editor of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and Mayo Free Press in North Florida. Wachter previously has worked as a sports editor and sports writer for publications in Georgia, Mississippi and Missouri. He can be followed on Twitter at @jlwachter. Will the SEC champ make and/ or win the college playoffs? Without a doubt, the SEC champ will make the playoff. As last year proved, its very possible that the conference gets two in. And Alabama will be favored to repeat.Q. NAMES TO KNOW RAEKWON DAVIS DL | ALABAMA DREW LOCK QB | MISSOURI JARRETT STIDHAM QB | AUBURN DANDRE SWIFT The Bulldogs top returning rusher will be relied on to continue Georgias legacy of top RBs. RB | GEORGIARECORDS TO FALL Some recordbreaking performances come as a surprise Locks aerial assault a year ago while others are known. Here are a few to keep an eye on this season. CAREER KICKOFF RETURNS FOR TOUCHDOWNS CURRENT RECORD HOLDER: Six players, most recently Evan Berry (Tenn.) IN PURSUIT: Deebo Samuel, South Carolina TDS NEEDED: 1 CAREER RUSHING YARDS BY A QUARTERBACK CAREER PASSING ATTEMPTS CURRENT RECORD HOLDER : Jared Lorenzen, Kent. IN PURSUIT: Drew Lock, Missouri ATTEMPTS NEEDED: 398Casey Sykes | The Red & BlackAlabama quarterback Tua Tagovailoa unleashes the game-winning touchdown pass in last years national championship game against Georgia at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta.FORGET the notion that if you cant beat them join them. In college football and sports in general the real belief is if you cant beat them, steal from them.Can former assistants slow down Saban, Alabama?The Crimson Tides returning sack leader with 8.5 last year as a sophomore. After leading the SEC in completion percentage (.665), the junior aims for an even better year. Possibly the best WR in the nation after 75 catches for 1,252 yards and 11 TDs a year ago. Darkhorse Heisman Trophy candidate set SEC and school records with 44 TDs passing last year. As Georgia looks to repeat as SEC East champions, the Gamecocks will provide an early test to determine the leader in the division race.STEM THE TIDE CURRENT RECORD HOLDER: Tim Tebow, Florida IN PURSUIT: Nick Fitzgerald, Mississippi State YARDS NEEDED: 461 rff nrtb Fort White 0 13 0 6 19 Suwannee 7 0 21 7 35 First Quarter SHS Moore 7 run (LeNeave kick) (6:38) Second Quarter FW Stewart 52 pass from Blair (10:29) FW Paul 12 pass from Blair (3:59) Third Quarter SHS Hall 34 pass from Taylor (LeNeave kick) (8:56) SHS Taylor 2 run (LeNeave kick) (6:49) SHS Taylor 9 run (LeNeave kick) (1:55) Fourth Quarter SHS Hall 3 run (LeNeave kick) (9:52) FW Roberson 24 pass from Blair (5:45) INDIVIDUAL STATISTICS PASSING Taylor 9-13-79, 1 TD, 1 Int Blair 16-33-234, 3 TDs, 3 Ints RUSHING Hall 30-142-2 TD, Taylor 10-16-TD, Moore 2-9-TD RECEIVING Hall 1-34-TD, Moore 4-23, A White 3-17, Henry 1-5 Suwannee 35, Fort White 19 michael.jones@ganews.com LIVE OAK After losing to Fort White each of the past two seasons, the Suwannee Bulldogs had some thing to prove on Friday in their reg ular-season opener. Suwannee took a good rst step in 2018 with a resounding win against FWHS. The Bulldogs received ve sacks from linebacker Moleyk Jones, forced four turnovers and dominated the second half in a 35-19 victory against the Indians. Ive been really impressed with our defense. Even when teams drive, weve been able to make stops, said SHS coach Kyler Hall. We let the big plays carry us in the second half. If we can continue to get three, four turnovers every game and cut back on ours, were going to be in good rfntbrfttrnt rfntbtnbbnbbbn bfnbfbntbbfb b Bucs run through Bobcats First Quarter BHS Trey White 3 run (run failed). BHS Safety, Julian Harrison tackled in end zone. BHS Dakota Hamm 1 run (White kick). Second Quarter BHS Colton Leibold 18 pass from Jevin Johnson (kick wide left). BHS Aaron McQuay 13 run (kick wide left). RFM Max Reinhard 29 pass from Pate Reynolds (run failed). Third Quarter BHS White 9 run (kick blocked). BHS Seth Heiderman 5 run (kick short). Fourth Quarter RFM Calbert McMillan Jr. 38 pass from Reynolds (pass failed). INDIVIDUAL STATISTICS RUSHING Munroe, McMil lan 9-58, Harrison 4-2, Xavier Gray 4-(minus-1), Reynolds 3-(minus-3), Michael Starling 2-(minus-11), Jose Jimenez 1-(minus-13). Branford, Hamm 16-139, McQuay 12-119, White 8-70, CJ Pepper 4-32, Lekend rick Shonk 2-14, Ritchie Glass 2-13, Johnson 6-10, Trevon White 1-4, Heiderman 3-(mi nus-1). PASSING Munroe, Reynolds 4-7-1 102, Gray 4-8-1 27. Bran ford, Johnson 5-8-0 82, Heider man 0-1-0 0. RECEIVING Munroe, Reinhard 3-64, McMillan 2-38, Harrison 1-17, Marco Atkins Jr. 2-10. Branford, Junior Cress 2-22, Trey White 1-22, CJ Pepper 1-20, Leibold 1-18. Branford 39, Munroe 12 r jamie.wachter@ganews.com BRANFORD Leaving the Kickoff Classic, Branford coach Tim Clark thought the Buccaneers didnt play their best, particularly up front. There were no such worries after Branfords 39-12 sea son-opening romp against visiting Robert F. Munroe at Buc caneer Stadium on Friday. The Bucs ran for 400 yards and caused ve turnovers in the rout. They were physical tonight up front, Clark said. And with Branfords offensive line establishing itself early, the Bucs showed off the multitude of weapons they possess. Eleven different players ran or caught the ball, including four on Branfords rst four plays. The initial drive lasted eight plays with Trey White scoring from 3 yards out after rfnbfn nftfbbtbbbffbb fbnbbbbn ffbbn THE ACTION CONTINUES: High-powered Hornets wear down Warriors Hamilton County blanked at Baldwin SEE BUCS, PAGE 8B SEE SUWANNEE, PAGE 5B

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 2B Avoid back injuries by choosing the right backpack Finding the right backpack is an essential component of back-to-school shopping. Children may have their own ideas of whats in style, but parents should look for backpacks that are functional before factoring in style. Marrying form and function together can be challenging, but its necessary to prevent students from developing back problems. But parents must give consideration to more than just the size of their childrens backpacks. Backpacks may be lled with several pounds of stu, such as textbooks, binders, laptops, and other supplies, potentially leading to injury. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, at least 14,000 children are treated for backpack-related injuries every year. e American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons says that the weight of a backpack should not exceed 10 to 15 percent of a childs body weight. But many students pack their bags with much more weight than that. Improperly sized, worn and overstued backpacks can injure joints and lead to neck, back and shoulder injuries. ey also may aect childrens posture. job done without much added bulk. Many backpacks have been designed to hold technological devices as more and more schools integrate technology into the classroom. A less bulky bag might be lighter and easy to carry. goods store. Employees at camping and sporting goods retailers understand how to t backpacks for hikers and outdoor adventurers. ey can help measure a student and nd a pack that will t his or her body frame. Also, these retailers may have a wider selection of backpacks than some other stores, increasing the chances of nding the right t. Chiropractic Association, the body is not designed to carry items hanging from shoulders. By using the waist strap in conjunction with taut shoulder straps, students can distribute the weight in their backpacks over their hip bones instead of the shoulders. e padded and adjustable shoulder straps should be at least two inches wide. All straps should be used each time the pack is worn. near the center bottom to distribute the load, rather than placed on top. Students should only carry what is necessary, visiting lockers or desks as needed to lighten their packs. Backpack t and functionality is something parents should take seriously when shopping for school supplies. Please Call Nan at 386-362-1734 to place your ad here121320-1 121322-1 1506 S. Ohio Ave. Live Oak, FL 32064Phone 386-208-1414 386-755-8680 Fax 386-208-1411 healthcorelibby@bellsouth.net John C. Palmer Physical erapist Lacey Bailey PT Assistant Locally Owned & Operated 121325-1Family Dentistry HERBERT C. MANTOOTH, D.D.S, P.A. Now Oering BOTOX!(386) 362-6556 1-800-829-6506 CHURCH DIRECTORYLAFAYETTE COUNTYTO LIST YOUR CHURCH IN THE CHURCH DIRECTORY PLEASE CALL NAN 386Your Guide To Local Houses Of Worship 44884-1 AIRLINE BA PTIST CHUR C H Pastor ........................................................... Preston Gainey Youth Pastor ................................................Derek Garland Childrens Pastor ............................................... Chad Little Sunday Sunday School ........................................ 9:30 a.m. Morning Worship ............................................... 10:30 a.m. Evening Worship ................................................. 6:00 p.m. Wednesday Fellowship Supper ........................... 6:00 p.m. AWANA & Bible Study ....................................... 6:30 p.m. Located Four Miles East of Mayo on Highway 27 www.airlinechurch.com44887-1 Helping Families Follow Jesus 44891-1MAYO BAPTIST CHURCH Rick James, Pastor Music Director Dale CroSunday Sunday School .......... 9:45am Worship Service ..... 11:00am Evening Service ........ 6:00pm Wednesday Supper ................................ 6:00pm Children/Youth Program .. 6:30pm Prayer Meeting .................. 7:00pm 44893-1 LIGHTHOUSE CHRISTIAN CENTER Freedom is Here www.lccmayo.orgMorning Worship ..................................... Sun. 10:30 a.m. Kids of the King ........................................ Sun. 10:30 a.m. Prayer Meeting ........................................... Mon. 7:00 p.m Bible Study. ................................................ Wed. 7:00 p.m. Army of Fire Youth ................................... Wed. 7:00 p.m. Pastor: Ronnie Sadler ALTON CHURCH OF GOD .............. 294-3133Pastor. ....................................................... Rev. Tim Hamm Youth Pastor .................................................. Jeremy Davis Music Director ............................................ Holly Braswell Childrens Pastor. ............................ Ryan & Tiany Perry Sunday School. ........................................... 9:30 10:30am Worship Service/K.I.D.S. Church. ... 10:30am 12:00pm Evening Worship. ................................................... 6:00pm Family Night Youth club Church .... 7:00pm WednesdayState Road 27 44888-1 MIDWAY BAPTIST CHURCH ... 294-2365 Pastor: Bruce BrancheSunday School ......................................................... 9:45 a.m. Worship Service .................................................... 11:00 a.m. Discipleship Training ............................................. 5:00 p.m. Evening Worship ................................................... 6:00 p.m. Prayer Meeting Wednesday ................................ 7:00 p.m. Team Kids ................................................................ 7:00 p.m. Located on County Road 405 For If Ye Forgive Men eir Tresspasses Your Heavenly Father Will Also Forgive You Matt. 6:14 44892-1 44895-1 NEW HARMONY UNITED METHODIST CHURCH 160th St. (Go south on 51 to 160th, turn right) Pastor: Dalas Monismith Phone (386) 776-1806 SUNDAY Sunday Worship. .................................................... 9:30 am Bible Study ............................................................ 10:30 amWEDNESDAYWomens Bible Study. .......................................... 10:00 am HATCHBEND APOSTOLIC CHURCH 935-2806Pastor ........................................................ Rev. Steve Boyd Sunday School .................................................... 10:00 a.m. Wednesday Service .............................................. 7:30 p.m.Located 4 miles South on Hwy. 349, then le on CR 138, follow signs. 44889-1 44890-1FIRST ASSEMBLY OF GOD ....... 294-1811 Sunday School ................................... 10:00 a.m. Worship Service ................................ 10:45 a.m. Kids Church ...................................... 11:00 a.m. Evening Worship ............................... 6:00 p.m. Youth Impact ......................................... :00 p.m. Adult Bible Study .............................. 7:00 p.m. Sunday Wednesday Pastor: Rev. Kenny Sullivan Youth Pastor: Daryl FletcherLocated at 294 SE Mill Street, Mayo Renewing Hope and Building Lives 44886-1 PLEASANT GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH (SBC) 294-1306 Interim Pastor ............................ Jimmy Corbin Sunday School .................................... 9:45 a.m. Worship Service ................................ 11:00 a.m. Sunday Evening Service .................... 6:00 p.m. Wednesday Prayer Meeting ............... 7:00 p.m. Seven miles West of Mayo, le on CR 534 then right on 350A ---Jesus Saves--Visit our website at www.suwanneedemocrat.com for breaking news, weather updates, obituaries or to purchase photos. Twitter: @suwanneedemocra Facebook: /suwanneedemocrat Ofce: 386-362-1734 Mortenson is holding a JOB FAIR to ll positions for the Hamilton Solar Plant. Wednesday, September 5th from 9a to 1p Hamilton County Development Authority 1153 US HWY 41 NW, Suite 4, Jasper Apply online at: http://craftcareersmortenson.icims.com JOB FAIR 386-362-1734 x107 *Protable events must go through our advertising department. Calendar submissions are published within space availability and are not guaranteed consistency.

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 3B Purse & Shoe Carnival The Womans Club of Live Oak will be hosting a Purse and Shoe Carnival at 1308 SW 11th Street in Live Oak, on Friday, October 26 and Saturday, October 27. Chairman Mrs. Betsy Dexter Monthly Meetings Rock Painting Rock Painting parties will be held regularly on the third Tuesday of the month from 6-7PM. Stop by to paint your own rock and visit with other rock star artists. All supplies are provided. Jo Kennon Public Library, 10655 Dowling Park Dr in Live Oak. 386-658-2670 Hymn Singing Old-fashioned hymn singing takes place at White Springs United Methodist Church on the fourth Sun day of every month at 4 p.m. Hymn requests from the congregation are welcome. The church invites the community to attend. White Springs United Methodist Church is located at 16580 Spring St. in White Springs. Mens Community-wide Church Fellowship and Supper The Live Oak Church of God invites the communi ty to join them for their dinner on the third Monday night of each month for their Mens Community Wide Church Fellowship and Supper at 7 p.m. Each month, there will be a guest speaker. For more information, call Johnnie Philman Mens Ministry at 386-842-5494 or Pastor Wes Tanksley at 386-362-2483. Alcoholics Anonymous The Live Oak Group of Alcoholics Anonymous meet three days each week on Tuesday, Thursday and Friday at 7 p.m. at 911 Nobles Ferry Road (Gray Precinct Voting Building), the building next to the Health Department. For more information, contact Charlie at 386-364-6410. The number is not monitored 24 hours a day, so please leave a message. Suwannee River Toastmasters The Suwannee River Toastmasters Club invites you to join us as we work together to empower individ uals to become more effective communicators and leaders. We meet the 2nd and 4th Thursday of each month from noon to 1 p.m. at the Suwan nee River Water Management District Headquar ters. Contact Joe Flanagan at 386-209-1912 for additional information. Kiwanis Club of Live Oak The Kiwanis Club of Live Oak invites you to join us in making the world a better place one child and one community at a time. We meet each Wednesday from noon to 1 p.m. at the Florida Farm Bureau Insurance building. Contact Joe Fla nagan at 386-209-1912 for additional information. History of Suwannee County Presented by County Historian Eric Musgrove Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 1st Thursday of the month, 12-1 p.m.. 386-658-2670 McAlpin Community Club meeting The McAlpin Community Club meetings are held on the second Monday every month at 9981 170th Terrace, in McAlpin. A covered dish dinner is served at 6 p.m. with the meeting and/or a scheduled program beginning at 7 p.m. Find them on Facebook by searching McAlpin Community Club. For more information, contact Susan Fennell at mcalpincommunityclub@outlook.com. Seed Library and Gardening Workshop Presented by Master Gardener Rhonda Lepper Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 1st Thursday of the month, 10 a.m.-12 p.m. 386-658-2670 Recipe Swap Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 2nd Thursday of the month, 1-2 p.m. Bring in a favorite recipe or dish, meet other food ies and exchange ideas. Call 386-658-2670 for featured recipe of the month. Florida Native Plant Society The Sparkleberry Chapter meets on the second Tuesday of the month at Hatch Park Community Center, 403 S.E. Craven Street in Branford, present ing a variety of educational programs concerning our Florida native plants, the birds, bees and other wildlife that visit our plants, their place in our land scapes, and the contributions they make to our Florida environment. Meetings are always open to the public. More at www.sparkleberry.fnpschapters.org, or call 407-319-2488 or 386-364-9309. Rock Painting Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 3rd Tuesday of the month, 6-7 p.m. Paint rocks and visit with other rock star artists. All supplies are provided. 386-658-2670 EAA monthly pancake breakfast The EAA Chapter 797 hosts a pancake breakfast every third Saturday of the month from 8-10 a.m. in the EAA building at Suwannee County Airport. The EAA building is located at 13302 80th Terr. in Live Oak. For more information, contact 817-3089752. Armchair Travels Presented by Don and Joanne Mott Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 3rd Friday of the month, 10-11 a.m. Travel around the country and learn about exciting new places to visit. Dementia Support Group Location: Good Samaritan Center Private Dining Room 10676 Marvin Jones Blvd. Dowling Park, Florida When: the fourth Tuesday of each month Time: 10 a.m. This is for anyone who is a caregiver for someone who is suffering with Dementia or Alzheimers. There is no charge for this support group. You do not have to have a loved one residing in the Good Samaritan Center to attend this meet ing. For more information please feel free to contact Ginger Calhoun at 386-658-5594. Book Club for Adults Jo Kennon Public Library 10655 Dowling Park Dr. Live Oak, FL 32064 Last Friday of the month, 10-11 a.m. Join us to discuss our latest read. 386-658-2670 Suwannee Valley Branch of the NAACP meeting The Suwannee Valley Branch of the NAACPs reg ular monthly meeting will be at New Bethel Baptist Church located at 205 4th St in Jasper from 7 p.m. every third Monday. Meetings will begin after May 22, 2017. SREC, Inc. Senior Center monthly events The SREC, Inc. Senior Center, located at 1509 Martin Luther King Dr. SW in Jasper has monthly birthday parties the third Friday of every month at noon, as well as monthly karaoke the fourth Wednesday of every month at 10 a.m. For more information, contact Barbara Daniels at 386-7921136. Events are subject to change. Mom 2 Mom The community is invited to Mom 2 Mom on the fourth Thursday of the month from 1-2 p.m. at the Lafayette Three Rivers Library. Get together with other parents. Door prizes and goodies will be pro vided. Call Healthy Start at 386-294-1321. Estas invitada a Mom 2 Mom, un evento que se celebru el cuarto Jueves de cada mes la 1p.m. hasta la cas 2 p.m. en la Biblioteca de Lafayette. Reunirse con otras mams. Se propocionarn premios y regalos. Llame a Healthy Start al 386294-1321. All-You-Can-Eat Wellborn Blueberry Pancake Breakfast The All-You-Can-Eat Wellborn Blueberry Pancake Breakfast will be held the rst Saturday of each month from 7:30 a.m. All new menu items including blueberry pancakes, scrambled eggs, sausage, grits, bacon, orange juice and coffee. Located at the Wellborn Community Association Building 1340 8th Ave. Wellborn, FL. For pricing and other information, call 386-867-1761 or visit us online on Facebook or www.wellborncommu nityassociation.com. Come join us for great food and help benet the Wellborn community. Taylor County Beekeeping Club meeting Taylor County Beekeeping Club meets the second Monday of every month at 6:30 p.m. at the Taylor County IFAS center: 203 Forest Park Dr, Perry, Fla. 32348 www.facebook.com/tcbeeclub tacobeekeepers@gmail.com WoodmenLife monthly member meeting, bring a dish WoodmenLife monthly member meeting is held on the rst of every month. Located at 1339 SR 47 in Lake City. RSVP with your local WoodmanLife representative Kristen Hunt at 386-688-7942. Singspiration at Suwannee Church of the Naz arene Every 5th Sunday, the church will host a Singspira tiona night where members of the congrega tion sing, read poems, share testimonies, etc. Want to participate? Visit the church, or call at 386-397-2309, to be added to the list. The more participation, the longer it goes. Afterwards, there will be snacks and refreshments in the fellowship hall. The church is located at 18763 SE CR 137 in White Springs, FL 32096 The Florida Gateway Bee Club meeting The Florida Gateway Bee Club meets at 7 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Suwannee Valley Agriculture Center locat ed at 8202 CR 417, Live Oak. Professional and hobby beekeepers are wel come, as well as anyone with an interest in learning about honeybees. San Juan Mission Catholic Church public Rosary The community is invited to join San Juan Mis sion Catholic Church, 304 SE Plant Ave, Bran ford, for the public Rosary on the rst Saturday of every month at 9 a.m. The community will pray for religious freedom, traditional moral standards and freedom of conscience. The Suwannee Chapter, Florida Trail Associa tion meetings The Suwannee Chapter, Florida Trail Associa tion holds its monthly meetings on the second Monday, 7-9 p.m. at the Suwannee River Water Management District, 9225 CR 49, Live Oak, corner of US 90 and CR 49, 2 miles east of Live Oak. Programs and activities available, and public is welcome. Mutual relationship meeting request I am Earlene Green, Director of the recently estab lished Agape Green Acres Ministry, Inc (AGAMI), an Holistic, Non-Denominational Womens Ministry and non-prot Organization, in Jasper, FL The purpose of this notice is to request a meeting with you, or your Ministry administrator(s) to discuss a mutual working and referral relationship between our orga nizations to benet our mutual clients. We are currently an outreach ministry with the near future goal of a brick and mortar location. I can be reached at 267-779-4845 or by email at drgreen49@yahoo.com. Thank you, and I look forward to hearing from you soon! Aug. 30 SongFarmers Gathering 6 p.m. Enjoy a musical gathering of musicians with song and acoustic instruments. Musicians welcome! Suwannee River Regional Library 386-362-2317 Aug. 31 Vivid Visions BBQ Fundraiser On August 31, from 10:30 a.m. until 1 p.m., Vivid Visions will be hosting a barbecue fundraiser in the Cheek & Scott parking lot. The menu consists of BBQ Boston butt, baked beans, coleslaw, a dinner roll and dessert. The BBQ is sponsored by Suwan nee County Fire Rescue and Moes of Live Oak. Delivery will be available upon a purchase of ve or more dinners. Cheek & Scott is located at 1520 Ohio Ave S in Live Oak. For more information, or to purchase tickets, please contact Vivid Visions at 386-364-5957 or vividv@windstream.net. Sept. 1 September Gathering of the SongFarmers The September Gathering of the SongFarmers of the Suwannee River Valley will be Saturday, September 1, 7 p.m., at St. James Episcopal Church, 2423 SW Bascom Norris Drive, Lake City, Florida 32025. Acoustic jam style format. Musi cians, friends and families welcome. No charge. For additional information, contact Skip Johns at 386-344-2906 or visit the Suwannee Valley Song Farmers Facebook page at https://www.facebook. com/songfarmersofthesuwanneerivervalley/ Sept. 1 SHS Class of Reunion Suwannee High School Class of will celebrate their 60 year reunion September 1, at the Juhan Building at Camp Weed. Time: 4-9 p.m. For more information including pricing, contact: otto_dick man@hotmail.com or text or call 904-583-7478. Sept. 9-12 Pleasant Grove Baptist Revival Pleasant Grove Baptist Church will be having a revival with Brother Bill Jenkins from Sept. 9-12. Times will be as follows: Sunday at 6 p.m., Monday, Tues day and Wednesday at 7 p.m. nightly. The church is located at 816 SW CR 351 in Mayo. Sept. 12-16 Jellystone Park Jam The Jellystone Park Jam will be hosted from Sep tember 12-16 at Yogi Bears Jellystone Park in Madison. Over two dozen of gospel musics nest talents are scheduled to appear throughout the ve-day event. The Jellystone Park Jam is a free event for anyone to attend. For a complete list of the concert events and times or more information, visit https://www.jelly stoneparkjam.com/home, call 850-464-0114 or email jellystoneparkjam@gmail.com. Sept. 15 Spaghetti Dinner & Rafe A spaghetti dinner and rafe will be held on Sat urday, September 15, from 5 p.m. at Spirit of Christ Lutheran Church. Dinner is a free will offering, with takeout available. The church is located at 145 SW Sweetbreeze Drive in Lake City. Take U.S. 90 West past Harveys Supermarket. For more information, call 386-7523807. Sept. 15 EAA 797 Pig Roast The EAA Chapter 797 and Suwannee County Airport 24J will be hosting a pig roast at the Suwan nee County Airport on September 15 from 11:30 a.m. until 1 p.m. Everyone is invited to attend, and may y or drive in. Cooking will be provided by Buddy Williams. The airport is located at 13302 80th Terr. in Live Oak. For more information, including lunch pricing, visit EAA 797s Facebook page at https://www.face book.com/groups/596553940423527/ Sept. 16 139th Homecoming at Pleasant Grove Baptist Pleasant Grove Baptist Church will be celebrating its 139th homecoming on Sept. 16 with an 11:30 a.m. morning service. A covered dish dinner will be held after the service. The church is located at 816 SW CR 351 in Mayo. Sept. 18 Suwannee County Conservation Districts rescheduled supervisor meeting The supervisors of the Suwannee County Conser vation District will meet at 7 p.m. in the USDA Ser vice Center Conference Room for their resched uled District Meeting. The USDA Service Center is located at 1525-B Ohio Ave. South, Live Oak. Meetings will resume the normal schedule of the third Thursday at 7 p.m. each month in October. Sept. 28 & 29 Trash & Treasure Bake/Yard Sale The Womans Club of Live Oak is hosting a Trash and Treasure bake and yard sale on September 28 and 29. The sale will be located at 1308 SW 11th Street in Live Oak. Setup will take place from Wednesday, September 26 until Thursday, Sep tember 27. Donations are welcome. Oct. 13 Class of Reunion Suwannee High School Class of 25th class re union. Reunion is reserved for October 13, 6 p.m. at the Brown Lantern. Money is due by October 1 and can be sent to 25184 NW 130th Avenue, High Springs, FL 32643. For more information, contact Heidi Day at 386-330-9817 or heididay@ windstream.net. Oct. 13 Annual Fall Festival Spirit of Christ Lutheran Churchs Annual Fall Festival will be held on Saturday, October 13, from 9 a.m. until 3 p.m., located at 145 SW Sweetbreeze Drive, Lake City (386-752-3807) take US-90 West past Harveys Supermarket. The festival will feature local vendors, and will also have local bands perform ing, including Skip Johns and Martin Feagle. Oct. 26 & 27 Community Calendar SEE COMMUNITY CALENDAR, PAGE 4B

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 4B Community Calendar For more information, call 386-776-1920 or visit Suwannee.FloridaTrail.org. Disabled American Veterans Chapter 126, Suwannee Memorial Meets the rst Tuesday of each month at the hall in John Hale Park, 215 East Duval St., Live Oak. Disabled veterans and their spouses are encouraged to attend and join. Suwannee Republican Executive Committee Meets the 1st Thursday of each month at 7 p.m., Live Oak City Hall 101 White Ave SE Contact Sherri Ortega 386-330-2736 for more information. www.suwanneegop.com Suwannee County Republican Executive Committee Live Oak City Hall, 101 White Ave SE, Live Oak Meets rst Thursday, 7 p.m. www.suwanneegop.com Suwannee Valley 500 Club Third Saturday of each month the Suwannee Valley 500 Club will meet at 1 p.m., at the Suwannee River Regional Library located at 1848 Ohio Ave S. in Live Oak.727-804-4739 Clothes Closet open donations The Jasper First Methodist Church is accepting donations of clean and gently used items of clothing for children, women and men to be offered in the monthly Clothes Closet. The Clothes Closet is open to everyone on the fourth Saturday of every month from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. (Christmas and Thanksgiving months the schedule is subject to change). All items are offered free of charge. For more informa tion call 386-397-2316. *The Clothes Closet will be closed due to the Christmas holiday on December 16. Suwannee County Historical Commission The Suwannee County Historical Commission meets on the third Thursday of the month at 3:30 p.m. at the Suwannee County Historical Museum (old Freight Depot) on Ohio Avenue in Live Oak. Meetings are open to the public. Public rosary rst Friday Join St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church for the public rosary every rst Friday of the month at 3 p.m. The church is located at 928 Howard St West. Contact Sheri Ortega at 386-3641108 or Paul Schmitz at 386-362-5710 for more information. MOAA-Military Ofcers Association of America The Suwannee River Valley Chapter of MOAA meets monthly (September through June) in Lake City. All active duty, retired, and for mer military ofcers of all services, including Reserve and National Guard, and spouses/ guests are welcome. For information and reservations call Mo Becnel (386)755-0756 or Steve Casto at (386)497-2986. The Suwannee River Valley Chapter, founded in 1990, is one of over 400 MOAA chapters around the world. Suwannee County Riding Club Bob Holmes Arena, Live Oak We have roping events on the second and fourth Fridays of the month. Sign ups at 7 p.m. and rides begin at 8 p.m. Speed events are held on the second and fourth Saturdays of the month. Sign ups begin at 6 p.m. and rides begin at 7 p.m. We ride from the fourth week end of January until November with the ex ception of March where we have no rides. If you have any questions contact Brittney Smith at 386-688-1482. Recipe Swap Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak 1st Tuesday of the month, 12 p.m. 1 p.m. Bring in a favorite recipe or dish, meet other foodies, and exchange ideas. Call 386-3622317 for Featured Recipe of the Month Christian Singles Meet every other Saturday at 5 p.m. Call for more information: 386-623-5810, 386-2880961, 386-438-3394. Branford Camera Club Hatch Park Community Center 403 SE Craven St. Branford Meets 3rd Thursday with an occasional ex ception 386-935-2044 or 386-590-6339 Critter Corner Suwannee County Animal Shelter 11150 144th St., McAlpin, Fla. (approx. 8 miles South off Hwy 129). If you are missing a pet or would love to adopt a pet, please come see us. Animals can be viewed Monday-Friday 9-1 and Saturday 9-12. Volun teers and transporters are desperately need ed; Tues.-Sat., 9-9:30 a.m., see Ms. Norma. Spay/Neuter 386-208-0072 Suwannee County Seniors Free Breakfast and Lunch Suwannee River Economic Councils Senior Center 1171 Nobles Ferry Road NW, Live Oak. Mon day-Friday 8 a.m. 5 p.m. Breakfast8:30 a.m./Lunch11:30 a.m. (make reservation for lunch by 9:30 a.m.) Bingo: (Wednesdays) 10 a.m. Meeting/Service: (Fridays) 10a.m. 386362-1164 First Baptist Church of Live Oak Clothes Closet 515 SW 5th Street, 1st and 3rd Thursday, 8 a.m.-12 p.m. (The Old Red Barn) Suwannee Valley Branch NAACP-Unit #5137 PO Box 6105, Live Oak, FL 32064 President: Alonzo Philmore Triumph The Church & Kingdom of God in Christ, 410 Taylor Ave. SW off of 7th St. 1st Monday each month, 7 p.m. Email: a1101st@comcast.net 386-205-9132 American Legion Post 107 10726 142nd St., Live Oak Off of Hwy 129 S, post is 1 mile on the right. Meets 1st Thursday at 12 p.m. 386-362-5987 Social Sewing Club Center Ave., off of 7th St. 2nd and 4th Tuesday For more information: 386-362-4062 Live Oak Garden Club 1300 11th St. SW, Live Oak 3rd Friday of each month, 11 a.m. liveoakoridagardenclub.com 386-364-4189 Stars Widow Group Antioch Baptist Church 5203 CR 795, Live Oak, FL 4th Monday, 10:30 a.m. 386-362-3101 Suwannee Amateur Radio Club 1st Tuesday, social at 6:30 p.m., regular meet ing at 7 p.m. North of I10 & US Hwy 129, Live Oak. Call for exact location and directions. www.suwanneearc.org 386-249-3616 Live Oak Art Guild Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak Meets 1st Tuesday at 6:30 p.m. Judith Adams-386-776-2675 Suwannee Democratic Executive Committee Live Oak City Hall 101 White Ave. SE, Live Oak Meets 2nd Thursday, 7 p.m. Suwannee County Bassmasters Poole Realty Inc 127 E. Howard St., Live Oak Meets 1st Tuesday, 7 p.m. 386-688-0978 or 386-590-2885 Save the Cats of Live Oak Help needed at the shelter with feeding and cleaning Monday through Sundays. Help is also needed within the city limits with feeding sever al cat colonies Monday through Sundays. Items always needed are food, litter and resalable items for the thrift store located at 217 W. Howard St. downtown. For more information, contact 386-364-1006 or 407748-0396. The Arc North Florida Recycle with us We recycle cardboard, name brand ink cartridges, laser toners, working cell phones w/charger, digital cameras, GPS, MP3, and laptops. 386-362-7143 ext. 0 Book Club for Adults Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak Meets 4th Wednesday of the month at 2 p.m. Join us to discuss our latest read! 386-362-2317 Lunch & Learn History of Suwannee County Presented by County Historian, Eric Musgrove Suwannee River Regional Library 1848 Ohio Ave. S, Live Oak Meets 2nd Thursday of each month from 12-1 p.m. Bring your lunch & learn about our historic county! 386-362-2317 Weekly Meetings Adult Literacy Instruction JASPER: Beginning Sept. 10, classes will be held Mondays from 4:30:30 p.m. (bi-week ly) in the Jasper Library meeting room. The Jasper Library is located at 311 Hatley Street in Jasper. WHITE SPRINGS: Beginning Sept. 12, classes will be held Wednesdays from 4:30-5:30 p.m. (bi-weekly) in the White Springs Library meeting room. The White Springs Library is located at 16403 Jewett Street in White Springs. JENNINGS: Beginning Sept. 5, classes will be held Wednesdays from 4:30:30 p.m. (bi-weekly) at the Jennings Public Library. The Jennings Public Library is located at 1322 Plum St. in Jennings. Classes sponsored by Agape Green Acres Ministry, Inc. For more information, call 267779-4845 or email drgreen49@yahoo.com. SongFarmers of Live Oak Chapter meetings The new SongFarmers of Live Oak Chapter that has recently formed in Suwannee County is hosted by the Suwannee River Regional Library System and meets monthly at the library in Live Oak on the last Thursday of the month from 6:30 p.m. (unless date/time are otherwise noted in advance) located at 1848 Ohio Avenue South, Live Oak, Florida 32064. The library can be reached at 386-362-2317, for additional information. There is no charge to participate in these musical gatherings. The musicians are led by Skip Johns and the music is on a jam style for mat with audience participation. Musicians, family and friends are all welcome to attend. Acoustic instruments only. All skill levels and ages welcome to participate. Additional information can also be found on the SongFarmers of Live Oak Facebook page found here: https://www.facebook.com/song farmersofliveoakfl/ Childrens Programs at JKPL Preschool Storytime Wednesdays, 10:0011:00AM Lego Construction Zone Wednesdays, 3:004:30PM Movies Thursdays, 3:00-4:30PM and Saturdays, 1:00-3:30PM Bridge Club seeking players Monday Bridge Club meets every Monday at 5:30 p.m. at a local restaurant in Live Oak. Club needs players. Contact Diana at 904254-8923 for details. Grace Luther an Church hosting educational prayer classes Would you like to learn more of Jesus? Do you have questions about the Christian faith? Are you going through a dif cult time and seek Gods council? Classes starting soon, those who attend can do so to t their schedules best. Different class times will be available. Please contact Pastor Doug Priestap at Grace Lutheran Church Live Oak, 386-364-1851 or gracelutheranliveo ak@gmail.com Childrens Table Food Distribution The Childrens Table Food Distribution will be at Peace Baptist Church, 7794 S. Hwy. 27, Bran ford, FL each Wednesday between 2:00-2:30. Bring a large laundry basket or other container to put food in. Donations will be accepted. For further information, 386-935-4681 Beginners AA meeting Beginners AA at Dowling Park meets Mon day-Wednesday-Saturday, 7 p.m. at The Lighthouse 23595 CR 250, Live Oak, 32060 For more information call 305-407-0895. www. LiveOakAA.com GriefShare Support GriefShare is a pastor-supervised, lay-led, Bib lically based, Christ-centered, video assisted support group for persons who have lost loved ones or friends by death. The group will meet each Thursday at 10 a.m. beginning May 18 and run through August 10. This 13 week support program will be sched uled throughout the year on different day and time to give those on varying personal sched ules an opportunity to participate. All who have experienced the death of a loved one are cor dially invited to become a participant in Grief Share. For more information call 383-792-1122. Finding Your Roots? The Suwannee Valley Genealogy Society is the place to start! The library, located at 215 Wilbur Street SW near the football eld in Live Oak, is open to the public on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. to help you nd your ancestors. You do not have to be a member to use the library. Meetings are held on the rst Thursday of each month at 7 p.m. at the library. For further information, including mem bership prices, call Jinnie Hancock at 386-3300110 or email JinnieSVGS@windstream.net SREC, Inc. Senior Center weekly events The SREC, Inc. Senior Center, located at 1509 Martin Luther King Dr. SW in Jasper hosts weekly support counseling every Wednesday beginning at 10 a.m. and Bible study every Friday at 10:30 a.m. For more information, contact Barbara Daniels at 386-792-1136. Events are subject to change. Quilting Friends Each Tuesday from 9 a.m.-noon Jasper Public Library, 311 Hatley St. in Jasper. 386-792-2285 He Speaks to Me bible study for women He Speaks to Me, a Priscilla Shirer Bible study for women, will be held on Tuesdays from 9:30-11 a.m. beginning Jan. 17 at Pinemount Baptist Church on Hwy 129 in McAlpin led by Chaplain Judy. For more information, contact her at 3645558. We hope to see you there! Suwannee River Church of the Nazarene schedule The Suwannee River Church of the Nazarene is located at 18763 SE CR 137 in White Springs. For more information, call 386-397-2309. Sunday School9:45 10:45 a.m. Sunday Morning Service11 a.m. noon Afternoon PotluckNoon Sunday Evening Service6 7 p.m. Wednesday Evening Service6 p.m. TOPS #662 (Take Off Pounds Sensibly) Meets every Thursday. (8 a.m. for weigh-in, meet ing at 9 a.m.) at Advent Christian Church, 911 Pinewood Ave., Live Oak, Fla. For more informa tion, call Mary at 386-330-2535. Branford Seed Library Every second and fourth Tuesday from 2:30-4:30 p.m. Presented by the Suwannee County Master Gar deners. Check out seed packets and get all your gar dening questions answered at the Branford Public Library. 386-935-1556 TOPS #9798 TOPS (Take Off Pounds Sensibly) TOPS #9798 is a support group that offers weekly weigh-ins and programs. The programs provide participants with health and weight loss informa tion. Those ready to achieve weight loss and wish for more information may call Barbara at 386-3625933 or Dori at 386-658-2767. Mayo AA Group Located at the First United Methodist Church, meet every Sunday, Monday, Wednesday and Thursday at 8 p.m. For more information, contact 386-294-2423 or 386-647-6424 AWANA Club New Hope Baptist Church, Mayo on Hwy. 51. From 6-8 p.m. and runs throughout the school year. Open to children ages two through sixth grades. For more information, call 386-294-2742. Grief Share GriefShare, a special support group for people ex periencing grief and loss, will be held on Wednes day evenings from 6-8 p.m. at First Baptist Church of Live Oak. The church is located at 401 W. Howard St. Childcare is provided. Please call the church at 386-362-1583 if you would like to attend. Continued From Page 3B BAPTIST (Southern)NEW HOPE BAPTIST CHURCHSR 6 West, 6592 NW 48th St., Jennings, FL 32053 www.newhopejennings.org 938-5611Sunday School ..................... 10:00 a.m. Morning Worship ............... 11:00 a.m. Evening Worship .................. 6:00 p.m. Youth Happening, Mission Friends, R&A & GA ............................ 6:30 p.m. WednesdayPrayer Meeting, Team Kids, Youth 6:30 p.m.Van pick-up upon request68728-1CATHOLIC CHURCHST. THERESE CATHOLIC CHURCHree miles north of Jasper U.S. 41 P.O. Box 890, Jasper, FL 32052 Rectory U.S. 90 E., Live Oak, FL (386) 364-1108 Saturday MASS 4:00 p.m.68726-1 METHODISTFIRST UNITED METHODIST CHURCH405 Central Ave., Jasper, FL Pastor Missy Turbeville Phone 386-792-1122 SUNDAY Morning Worship ........................... 10:00am WEDNESDAY Bible Study ....................................... 10:00am(Family Night Dinner 3rd Wednesday at 6pm)Clothes Closet 4th Saturday 10am-1pm 68730-1PRESBYTERIANFIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH204 N.W. 3rd Avenue, Jasper 792-2258 Pastor: Ruth Elswood SUNDAYSunday School .............................. 10:00 a.m. Worship Service ........................... 11:00 a.m. Youth Ministries ............................ 4:00 p.m. Elementary WEDNESDAY Choir Practice ................................ 7:00 p.m.68732-1 Non-DenominationalBURNHAM CHRISTIAN CHURCH4520 NW CR-146, Jennings, FL 32053 386-938-1265 Pastor Greg Kirkland Youth Pastor: Patrick Murphy SUNDAYSunday School ................................ 9:45 a.m. Worship ......................................... 11:00 a.m. Bible Study ...................................... 5:00 p.m. Youth Program ............................... 5:00 p.m. WEDNESDAY Kids Rock: Pre-K4 6th Grade 6:00pm 7:30pm68734-1 To list your church in the church directory, Please call Nan 386-362-1734 68724-1Hamilton County

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 5B Josh Braun, OL, SuwanneeWhy hes here : Braun, a junior, has already been recognized as a top player in Florida (All State selection in 2017) and the country (Max Preps All American). Quotable: Hes a small mountain. weight room. Very smart kid. Hes one of the most dominant kids that Ive coached. Hes a big anchor up front and hes just going to get better, which is scary. SHS coach Kyler Hall Jaxson Beach, QB, LafayetteWhy hes here : Lafayettes explo can run, throw and read defenses, as he proved last year with 39 total season as a starter. Quotable: Hes super competitive. He has a strong arm, accurate and a quick release. His ability to run the dual-treat capa LHS coach Joey PearsonGarris Edwards, RB, LafayetteWhy hes here : Lafayettes ver satile running back has racked up 2,202 yards rushing, 290 yards receiving and 31 touch downs in two seasons. Quotable: Garris is so depend able hes a three year-starter, steady and a leader who plays on both sides of the ball. And he can catch the ball out of the LHS coach Joey PearsonCarlton Hall, RB, Suwannee Malik Jennings, DB, LafayetteWhy hes here : Jennings, along with Lafayettes three other Electrifying 11 members, was an All-State selec tion in 2017. He had 62 tackles and three interceptions. Quotable: Malik is a su per physical defender. A great tackler who is always around the ball. A leader in the secondary and the entire defense. He forced seven turnovers last year. LHS coach Joey PearsonCJ Pepper, WR, BranfordWhy hes here : A swiss army knife, Pepper had 311 yards receiving, 94 yards rushing and made 25 tackles with one interception in 2017. Quotable: Hes elusive and hes highly intelligent on the football instinctive. Hes that type that I can just say, This is not in the playbook but heres what were doing. Go be a ballplay er. And thats what he brings to the table. BHS coach Tim ClarkAaron McQuay, RB, BranfordWhy hes here : McQuays 1,135 yards rushing and 11 touchdowns helped Bran ford achieve a 5-5 record in 2017. He was an Honorable Mention All-State. Quotable: Obviously hes our workhorse. Hes a playmaker and he draws the attention of defenses. BHS coach Tim ClarkBen Massey, WR, LafayetteWhy hes here : Massey had 777 yards receiving and 13 touchdown recep tions a season ago. On defense, he recorded 37 tackles and two intercep tions. Quotable: Ben is a super explosive player. Anytime he has the ball he is a defense and special teams. LHS coach Joey PearsonJaquary Pratt, WR, SuwanneeWhy hes here : Pratt led the Bulldogs with 237 yards receiving last season. The senior is Suwannees most experienced wide receiver and biggest deep threat. Quotable: Hes our spark plug. He can run all day, defense. Hes such an in-shape athlete. Hes going to make some big plays for us this year. SHS coach Kyler HallKeyvon Webb, RB, Hamilton CountyWhy hes here : With all the turn over at HCHS, Webb is a consis tent presence and also the Trojans best player. He led the team in rushing last season. Hell be used at running back, quarter back and defensive back. Quotable: He is smart and will play any position. He is one of the hardest hitters pound for pound that I have ever coached. He is a great teammate and I frequently see him talking to, and teaching the game. HCHS interim coach Doug ClaytonJay Williams, DL, SuwanneeWhy hes here : Williams might not put up huge num bers in Suwannees 3-4 look, but he will be key in moving people up front. With talent and experience, he is poised for a big senior season. Quotable: Ive seen him bust his tail in the weight room, condi tioning. He causes chaos at the defensive line position. He plays with a lot of grit, toughness. Really the tone setter on the de fensive line. SHS coach Kyler Hall Why hes here : Hall has been Suwannees work horse and focal point of seasons. He ran for 904 yards and nine touch downs in 2017. Quotable: A tremendous young man great kid and great character. Hes about his business. Doesnt say a whole lot, leads by example. Hes made his mark and will continue to do it this year. SHS coach Kyler Hall With football fever hitting North Florida, high school sta diums are ready to be packed with energized crowds, ready for something to send another charge through them. Whether its a scintillating touchdown run, a devastating block, a superb sack, a top-notch throw or a riveting return, each member of the Electrifying 11 is guaranteed to electrify their schools faithful throughout the 2018 campaign. And each week during the season, the Suwannee Democrat, Jasper News and Mayo Free Press will feature one member of the team for an in-depth look at what makes them a member of the inaugural Electrifying 11. JAMIE WACHTER PAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM) JACK HOWDESHELL (JHOWDY.COM) JAMIE WACHTER JAMIE WACHTER JAMIE WACHTER JAMIE WACHTERPAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM)PAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM)PAUL BUCHANAN (SUWANNEESPORTS.COM)JACK HOWDESHELL (JHOWDY.COM) shape. After getting lit up by Indians quar terback Dylan Blair in the rst half, Su wannee played lockdown defense the rest of the way. Blair, who completed 11 of 15 passes for 156 yards and two touch downs in the rst half, was intercepted three times in the second half. It was a fumble, though, that swung things in favor of the Bulldogs. With SHS trailing 13-7 at the start of the third quarter, Jones stripped the ball from Blair and forced a fumble that defensive end Billy Duchaj recovered inside Indians territory. Two plays later, Tyree Taylor launched a perfect pass to a streaking Carlton Hall for a 34-yard touchdown that put SHS up 14-13. It was all Bulldogs from there. Suwan nee went on to score three straight touch downs, increasing its lead to 35-13 at the start of the fourth quarter. The momentum shifted real quick when we got that fumble recovery, Jones said. We came out with the focus we needed in the second half. As for his career night on defense? Its an experience I never really thought Id have really exciting to have ve sacks in one game, Jones said. It was a also a pretty good night on offense for Suwannee. In addition to his touchdown catch, Carlton Hall ran for 142 yards on 30 car Continued From Page 1A Suwannee ries. Taylor completed 9 of 13 passes for 79 yards. And Suwannee capitalized on Fort Whites mistakes, scoring 21 points off of turnovers. Jaquez Moore, Duchaj and Suave White had Suwannees interceptions. Moore returned his interception 55 yards to set up a rst-and-goal for SHS and Duchaj also had a long return to put the Bulldogs in excellent position to score. Thats a good Fort White team team we just beat, Kyler Hall said. For us to start 1-0 and get some momentum going is a great start. UP NEXT: Suwannee takes on the other Columbia County team next week with the short drive to Lake City. The Tigers have turned some heads already with a preseason win at IMG and blow out victory against Gainesville. rf rfnr rtb

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So as Alabama and head coach Nick Saban set their sights on a sixth national champion ship in 10 years, a number of his former top aides have been entrusted with the responsibility to stop him. Four Southeast ern Conference programs are headed by former Saban assis tants with Jimbo Fisher at Texas A&M and Jeremy Pruitt at Ten nessee joining South Carolinas Will Muschamp and Georgias Kirby Smart. Can Sabans famed process pay off elsewhere? To the mentor, the key to trying to duplicate that success elsewhere starts with not trying to duplicate him. I said the most important thing for you, when you go to be your own head coach, is you have to be who you are, Saban said. You have to be yourself. You guys have been that way here, and you made a tremen dous impact. They have made an impact elsewhere too. Fisher led Florida State to a national championship in 2013 with Pruitt serving as defensive coordinator before a berth in the College Football Playoffs a year later. Smart guided the Bulldogs to the brink of a national title last year before the Crimson Tide rallied and won 26-23 in overtime. Muschamp agreed that the lessons the coaches take from Saban then have to be applied in each persons own way. When you work for Coach Saban, its a total education in the game of football, recruiting, all of the things that you got to do to be successful, he said. And certainly, each one of those guys will have their own spin on how they want to do things. Smarts way of doing things led the Bulldogs to their first SEC crown since 2005. But that year also ended with a lesson for the Bulldogs, a pain ful one. I think thats big for our program and understanding that if you do things a certain way, that you can get to certain places, Smart said. We just have to be able to finish it when we get there. But its a lesson that has been played out many times before. With the championship game comeback, Saban is now 12-0 against his proteges, and the meetings will start to add up with two teams Tennessee and Texas A&M on the sched ule annually. At the end of the day, I guess if you do have more odds, you got a chance somebodys going to eventually beat him, Mus champ said. Hopefully well continue to get that to happen. Those odds will likely con tinue to grow. Even with the constant turn over of coaches, the Crimson Tide staff remains strong with a seemingly endless supply of analysts, quality control assistants and player personnel coaches. I like to help develop those coaches so when they go some place else and coach, I can hire them back someday, Saban said. The development system has worked. When Lane Kiffin departed after helping to revamp the Tides offense, another former USC head coach Steve Sarkisian was promoted from analyst to replace him. Now Mike Locks ley, another former head coach, has risen from the ranks of analyst to offensive coordinator. The same is true on defense. Pruitt was a former assistant that was lured back to Tusca loosa to replace Smart two years ago as defensive coordinator. Now that hes landed his head job, former analyst Tosh Lupoi will serve as coordinator. Athletic directors are always looking for the next mold of what that could be, Muschamp admitted. And I think thats whats provided myself and other guys opportunities. And with the opportunity comes the challenge of trying to knock off the best: their former boss. Well, I think obviously, you are what your record is, Muschamp said. Nick is the best coach in college football because of the accomplishments hes had. You name it, he does an outstanding job.Jamie Wachter CNHI Sports Florida 2018FOOTBALL PREVIEWJamie Wachter, Heather Bremer | CNHI Sports Indiana Photos: Ole Miss Athletics, Crimson Tide Photos/UA Athletics, Mizzou Athletics Communications, Auburn Athletics, Casey Sykes/The Red & Black, South Carolina Athletics, Kelly Donoho/MSU Athletic Communications SECWith the SOUTHEASTERN CONFERENCES reign in question, the league put two teams into the College Football Playoff with ALABAMA topping GEORGIA for its fifth title in nine years. (12-0) (5-7) (10-2) (7-5) (6-6) (9-3) (7-5) (7-5) (11-1) (6-6) (8-4) (9-3) (4-8) (3-9) DIVISION CHAMPS SEC CHAMPION WEST DIVISION EAST DIVISION A.J. BROWN WR | OLE MISSNOTABLES: Deandre Baker, DB, Georgia; Nick Fitzgerald, QB, Mississippi State; Damien Harris, RB, Alabama; Deebo Samuel, WR, South Carolina; Devin White, LB, LSU. WHO STARTS AT BAMA? Jalen Hurts is 26-2 as a starting quarterback. Tua Tagovailoa rallied the Tide in last years title game to throw into question who will lead Bama. SEPT. 8GEORGIA AT SOUTH CAROLINAGAMES TO WATCH SEPT. 29FLORIDA AT MISSISSIPPI ST. As Dan Mullen hopes to return the Gators to power, an early litmus test with his former team will show how quickly he can accomplish that. NOV. 10AUBURN AT GEORGIA The rivals met twice last year, with the SEC title game turning into a defacto CFP play-in game. Division title hopes could also rest in the balance. NOV. 24AUBURN AT ALABAMA Much like last year, the SEC West Division could be up for grabs in the regular season finale with College Football Playoff implications as well.STORIES & QUERIES 1MULLEN BACK AT UF Can Dan Mullen succeed where Will Muschamp and Jim McElwain failed in returning the Gators to the top of the East and a national threat once more? 2A LOADED QB CLASS Jarrett Stidham, Nick Fitzgerald, Jake Fromm, Jake Bentley and the Alabama winner join SEC record holder Drew Lock in a strongarmed SEC. 3MAKE YOUR PICKS Jamie Wachter is the editor of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News and Mayo Free Press in North Florida. Wachter previously has worked as a sports editor and sports writer for publications in Georgia, Mississippi and Missouri. He can be followed on Twitter at @jlwachter. Will the SEC champ make and/ or win the college playoffs? Without a doubt, the SEC champ will make the playoff. As last year proved, its very possible that the conference gets two in. And Alabama will be favored to repeat.Q. NAMES TO KNOW RAEKWON DAVIS DL | ALABAMA DREW LOCK QB | MISSOURI JARRETT STIDHAM QB | AUBURN DANDRE SWIFT The Bulldogs top returning rusher will be relied on to continue Georgias legacy of top RBs. RB | GEORGIARECORDS TO FALL Some recordbreaking performances come as a surprise Locks aerial assault a year ago while others are known. Here are a few to keep an eye on this season. CAREER KICKOFF RETURNS FOR TOUCHDOWNS CURRENT RECORD HOLDER: Six players, most recently Evan Berry (Tenn.) IN PURSUIT: Deebo Samuel, South Carolina TDS NEEDED: 1 CAREER RUSHING YARDS BY A QUARTERBACK CAREER PASSING ATTEMPTS CURRENT RECORD HOLDER : Jared Lorenzen, Kent. IN PURSUIT: Drew Lock, Missouri ATTEMPTS NEEDED: 398 Casey Sykes | The Red & BlackAlabama quarterback Tua Tagovailoa unleashes the game-winning touchdown pass in last years national championship game against Georgia at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta.FORGET the notion that if you cant beat them join them. In college football and sports in general the real belief is if you cant beat them, steal from them.Can former assistants slow down Saban, Alabama?The Crimson Tides returning sack leader with 8.5 last year as a sophomore. After leading the SEC in completion percentage (.665), the junior aims for an even better year. Possibly the best WR in the nation after 75 catches for 1,252 yards and 11 TDs a year ago. Darkhorse Heisman Trophy candidate set SEC and school records with 44 TDs passing last year. As Georgia looks to repeat as SEC East champions, the Gamecocks will provide an early test to determine the leader in the division race.STEM THE TIDE CURRENT RECORD HOLDER: Tim Tebow, Florida IN PURSUIT: Nick Fitzgerald, Mississippi State YARDS NEEDED: 461 AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 6B 137561-1(386)362-3300 | 6212 Hwy 129 N. Live Oak, FL | www.jwhillauctions.com J.W. HILL& ASSOCIATESReal Estate Broker & Auction CompanyJohn W. HillBroker/Senior Auctioneer Cell (386)-590-1214Monja SlaterRealtor Cell (386)-249-9432 Our Inventory is Low...Homes are Selling! AB 2073 AU 2847Call us Today for Your FREE Comparative Market Analysis

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rfnntbrrb rffnnttbft ftnfnnttbt nn tfn tn f 16013-1 -FOR RENTGREAT RATES FOR NICE LOOKING RENTALS WATER, SEWER, AND GARBAGE INCLUDED. NO PETS. 386-330-2567 Special Notices DEADLINES FOR CLASSIFIED & LEGAL LINE ADS: FOR WEDNESDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRATNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR FRIDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT-NOON WEDNESDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY JASPER NEWSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY MAYO FREE PRESSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR TO ALL TRADESMEN & SERVICE PROVIDERS:Havent you always heard the old saying Big things come in small packages? Well, this is the idea for the Tri-County Service Directory seen on the classi fied pages of the Mid-Week Editions of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press!Call 386-362-1734 X102 for more info on how to place a small ad (thats the small packages part)to appear in all 3 of our publica tions which means the opportunity for your ad to be seen by more than 4000 potential customers (and thats the big things part). General Help Wanted Industrial Structural/ Mechanical Designer-Draftsman Must have experience in designand detailing Material Handling Equipment (con veyor systems)and related structural steel support systems. Proficiency in AutoCAD is necessary. DO NOT APPLY IN PERSON Send resume to Draftsman 3631 US Highway 90 East, Lake City, Fl 32055 Professional Madison, FL: : : Dir of Re source Development; Co ordinator of Recruitment; Academic Case Manager; Programmer/Data Retrieval Manager. Associate Dean of Economic Development and Technical Programs; See www.nfcc.edu for details. Educational YOU CAN BE A CNA Nursing Assistants are in GREAT demand! Quest Training offers nurse taught classes. No GED required if age 18 yr. Day and Evening classes available. (386)362-1065 Yard/Estate Sales Byrds Store 15 mi S of Live Oak on CR 49. 8/31, 9/1, 9/2, 8a4p. New & used items, Antiques. YARD SALE. IN & OUTSIDE NO RAIN. Watch for signs. STOP BY THE SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT OFFICE 521 Demorest Street, SE Live Oak, FL AND PLACE YOUR GA RAGE (YARD, ESTATE, OR MOVING) SALE AD IN TWO EDITIONS OF THE SU WANNEE DEMOCRAT TO RECEIVE A FREE GARAGE SALE KIT* *Kit contains: 3-11X13 Signs 1Pre-Sale Checklist 1Tipsheet for a Successful Sale 1Sheet of Price Stickers Household Goods FOR SALE Washers $95 ea, Dryers & Stoves $75 ea. All in good cond. Call 678-617-5560, 386-792-3956 or 386-965-6767. Jewelry For Sale: 14K Gold ladys bracelet, very nice. Im downsiz ing my jewelry collection-selling for only $150.00. Call 386-2080728 (Live Oak, FL). Misc Merchandise HAVE YOU BEEN MEANING TO CLEAR OUT SOME OF THE CLUTTER? RECYCLE, REDUCE, REUSE? MAYBE GET RID OF THAT UGLY (YOU THINK) VASE AUNT EDNA LEFT YOU IN HER WILL? WE CAN HELP! IF YOU CAN PART WITH ANY SINGLE UNWANTED ITEM FOR LESS THAN $500.00, YOU CAN RUN A 5-LINE AD WITH US FOR ONE WEEK AT NO CHARGE! (Offer restricted to one ad for one item within a 4-week period) CALL THE CLASSIFIEDS DEPARTMENT AT 386-362-1734 X102 NEED PEANUT HAY TO BALEwe pay top dollar we need 1,000 bales Call ED 229-873-1230 or229-769-3964 Land/Acreage FOR SALEBy Owner2 Acre pond lot, loaded with fish! Fenced and good pasture. Call Ed. 229-873-1230 or 229-769-3964 FIND IT IN THE CLASSIFIEDS TODAY!! ONE ACRE PAVED ROAD FRONTAGE Beautifully Wooded, Owner Fi nance, No Down. $14,900. Only $153/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com TEN ACRES OBRIEN, FL Paved Rd, well & culvert. Owner financing. NO DOWN $69,900. $613/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Commercial/Business FOR SALE Landy Building534 S Patterson St. Valdosta, Ga.Will take best offer! Contact 229-242-9685 FOR SALE: 6500 sf warehouse on paved rd. (1K sf w/ac office/ retail space), 2 lg roll-up doors. 20608 CR 49, OBrien, FL. Own er financed: $159,900. $5K down, $1,360/mo. 352-215-1018. www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Homes For Rent Two Bdrm/One Ba home in Live Oak, FL. Close to everything! NO PETS. $850/mo. first, last, $300/ dep rqd. (incl lawn maintenance) Call 318-840-4802 or 386-3623002. Apartments MEL-MAR-GO APARTMENTS in Live Oak, FL. 1/2/3 Bd avail. Clean, modern, W/D hookups. Starting at $650/mo + dep. 386-364-1648 Village Oaks Apartments Phase 2 No Application Fee! HUD vouch ers accepted Rental assisi tance maybe available. 1, 2 & 3 bd. HC & Non-HC accessible apartments, CH/A, Laundry fa cility & playground. Convenient to schools. 386-364-7936 TDD 800-955-8771, V 800-955-8770. 705 NW Drive, Live Oak, FL 32064. Equal Housing Opportu nity. VILLAGE OAKS APTS. 1 Now accepting applications for 1, 2, 3 & 4 bedroom apts. Office Hours 8-5 Mon-Friday. 705 NW Drive, Live Oak, FL 32064. 386364-7936 TTD/TTY 711. Equal Housing Opportunity. Roommates Roommate Wanted to share 2Bd home, big yard, screened porchfront & back, close to downtown Live Oak, FL. All utilities + w/d included, pet friendly. $350/mo. Call 386-697-1774 for more info. Autos RUN YOUR TRUCK OR AUTO FOR SALE AD FOR 4 WEEKS FOR JUST A LITTLE MORE THAN THE PRICE OF 1 WEEK: 1 WEEK REGULAR RATE: $25.83 4 WEEK SPECIAL RATE: $30.90 This special rate gets you 8 issues of the Suwannee Democrat, 4 issues of The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press plus 8 days online!!! ADD A PHOTO FOR ONLY $10.50 MORE CALL NOW TO GET YOUR AD STARTED 386-362-1734 X102 RV Sales/Service MOTORHOME FOR SALE 2010 ITASCA Winnebago Class A Motorhome, 33ft, 31K Miles, Rear Queen 2 bunk beds with DVD players, 2 AC/Heat Pumps, New Michelin Tires, Tow Bar Assembly. Clean, Like New!! 23% off MADA$44,263 Call (229) 224-1601 The Best Car & Truck Deals Can Be Found Here In The Classieds! Everything From Cars, Trucks, Vans, and Even Bicycles and Motorcycles. WE BUY USED RVS! CALL 229-740-0375 The Best Deals Can Be Found Here In the CLASSIFIEDS AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 7B 135044-1 ANFADVERTISING NETWORKS OF FLORIDA FLORIDA STATEWIDE rfntbrnfbnbr nnnnbfb brbftnb bfrbnbnbnnn nbrfbfbbfbnbr rr tnffnbnb bbnfnbf nnbrnbrn bbftrrb bfnn fbtnrnbnnrtnf ftnnbttfbbnbbbbr bbrbn rrbbfbnbnn 123917-1 TRI-COUNTY SERVICE DIRECTORY Serving Suwannee, Hamilton & Lafayette Counties These businesses are ready to serve you.Tradesmen & Service Providers:Call now to place your ads 386-362-1734 x 102 rfWeGoShop.comweshop4u@wegoshop.com 123453-1 rntbt tn n nn tntttnn nnn n n 124224BYRDS POWER EQUIPMENTSales & Service All Makes & Models 11860 E. U.S. Hwy 27 Branford, Florida Hours: Mon-Fri 7 a.m. 5 p.m. Open Saturdays 7 a.m. Noon(386) 935-1544 124228-SUBURBAN PROPANE24-Hour Emergency Service 386-454-3690 FREE ESTIMATESSpecializing in custom metal roof systems. Covering all of Florida.(386) 205-3865 132046-1Like Us on Facebook Credit Cards Accepted rfnntbrrb rffnnttbft ftnfnnttbt nn tfn tn f PAGE 4B SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT /LIVE OAK Friday, July 20, 2018 16013-1 -FOR RENTGREAT RATES FOR NICE LOOKING RENTALS WATER, SEWER, AND GARBAGE INCLUDED. NO PETS. 386-330-2567 Share your passion to be featured in the next ad #PASSIONTOWORK THERES A CAREER FOR EVERY PASSION.Whether its dogs, animals, or something completely unique, you may be surprised at how many jobs are connected to the things you love. So bring your passion to www.classi edmarketplaceonline.com and start searching. Who knows, you might nd the perfect opportunity to put your passion to work. Monster. Find Better. SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT Lost and Found LOST DOG $1000.00 REWARD FOR SAFE RETURN OF OUR DOG, HULA. CONTACT INFO: MENIECA KENNEDY 386-855-0921 Special Notices DEADLINES FOR CLASSIFIED & LEGAL LINE ADS: FOR WEDNESDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRATNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR FRIDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT-NOON WEDNESDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY JASPER NEWSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY MAYO FREE PRESSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR Looking for someone to do light housekeeping one day a week. Call 386-330-6476 for more information. (Live Oak, FL) Special Notices TO ALL TRADESMEN & SERVICE PROVIDERS:Havent you always heard the old saying Big things come in small packages? Well, this is the idea for the Tri-County Service Directory seen on the classi fied pages of the Mid-Week Editions of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press!Call 386-362-1734 X102 for more info on how to place a small ad (thats the small packages part)to appear in all 3 of our publica tions which means the opportunity for your ad to be seen by more than 4000 potential customers (and thats the big things part). Educational YOU CAN BE A CNA Nursing Assistants are in GREAT demand! Quest Training offers nurse taught classes. No GED required if age 18 yr. Day and Evening classes available. (386)362-1065 Yard/Estate Sales STOP BY THE SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT OFFICE 521 Demorest Street, SE Live Oak, FL AND PLACE YOUR GA RAGE (YARD, ESTATE, OR MOVING) SALE AD IN TWO EDITIONS OF THE SU WANNEE DEMOCRAT TO RECEIVE A FREE GARAGE SALE KIT* *Kit contains: 3-11X13 Signs 1Pre-Sale Checklist 1Tipsheet for a Successful Sale 1Sheet of Price Stickers Misc Merchandise FOR SALE: 6 Collector name brand purses, very good cond. $100./ea. 6 Upright Freezer, like new $300. Refrigerator, good cond $25. Call (386)364-4158. FOR SALE: KENMORE RE FRIGERATOR Factory installed ice maker, Great Condition. $199 OBO. (386)938-3922. Lv msg if no ans. HAVE YOU BEEN MEANING TO CLEAR OUT SOME OF THE CLUTTER? RECYCLE, REDUCE, REUSE? MAYBE GET RID OF THAT UGLY (YOU THINK) VASE AUNT EDNA LEFT YOU IN HER WILL? WE CAN HELP! IF YOU CAN PART WITH ANY SINGLE UNWANTED ITEM FOR LESS THAN $500.00, YOU CAN RUN A 5-LINE AD WITH US FOR ONE WEEK AT NO CHARGE! (Offer restricted to one ad for one item within a 4-week period) CALL THE CLASSIFIEDS DEPARTMENT AT 386-362-1734 X102 Pets for Sale AKC ENGLISH BULLDOG PUPPIES 3 Females $2500 1 Male $3000 Call 850-668-3440 Free Pets FREE TO GOOD HOME Female calico kitten. 12 weeks old, spayed. Call (386)688-7994. Homes For Sale FOR SALE: at 445 Evelyn Ave, Live Oak, FL. 3Bd/1 Ba on 2 city lots. New septic, house needs re pair-sold AS IS. Asking $10,000. 386-688-1462. Land/Acreage ONE ACRE PAVED ROAD FRONTAGE Beautifully Wooded, Owner Fi nance, No Down. $14,900. Only $153/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com TEN ACRES OBRIEN, FL Paved Rd, well & culvert. Owner financing. NO DOWN $69,900. $613/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Commercial/Business FOR SALE: 6500 sf warehouse on paved rd. (1K sf w/ac office/ retail space), 2 lg roll-up doors. 20608 CR 49, OBrien, FL. Own er financed: $159,900. $5K down, $1,360/mo. 352-215-1018. www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Apartments MEL-MAR-GO APARTMENTS in Live Oak, FL. 1/2/3 Bd avail. Clean, modern, W/D hookups. Starting at $650/mo + dep. 386-364-1648 Manufactured Homes FOR RENT: 2Bd/2Ba SWMH remodeled. In Hatch Bend/Bran ford, FL area. Near boatramp, quiet neighborhood. $450./mo, 1st, last & sec dep. 352-231-5460 Autos FOR SALE: Buick LeSabre, Limited, 2003: 4 dr. silver, auto. trans. <101K mi, great cond. $3,500.00 OBO. Call for more info: 386-362-4278 RUN YOUR TRUCK OR AUTO FOR SALE AD FOR 4 WEEKS FOR JUST A LITTLE MORE THAN THE PRICE OF 1 WEEK: 1 WEEK REGULAR RATE: $25.83 4 WEEK SPECIAL RATE: $30.90 This special rate gets you 8 issues of the Suwannee Democrat, 4 issues of The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press plus 8 days online!!! ADD A PHOTO FOR ONLY $10.50 MORE CALL NOW TO GET YOUR AD STARTED 386-362-1734 X102 RV Sales/Service WE BUY USED RVS! CALL 229-740-0375 Trucks Ford Ranger, 2004 Auto. Trans. 79K miles, 2-dr ext. cab, radio & casette player. Cold air, good tires. $6,900 OBO. Call (386) 364-1247 Selling for parts: Ford Expedi tion, 2000Motor 4.6, Transmis sion, all parts for sale, etc. Call Renee (386) 249-3656. rfnntbrrb rffnnttbft ftnfnnttbt nn tfn tn f PAGE 4B SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT /LIVE OAK Friday, July 20, 2018 16013-1 -FOR RENTGREAT RATES FOR NICE LOOKING RENTALS WATER, SEWER, AND GARBAGE INCLUDED. NO PETS. 386-330-2567 Share your passion to be featured in the next ad #PASSIONTOWORK THERES A CAREER FOR EVERY PASSION.Whether its dogs, animals, or something completely unique, you may be surprised at how many jobs are connected to the things you love. So bring your passion to www.classi edmarketplaceonline.com and start searching. Who knows, you might nd the perfect opportunity to put your passion to work. Monster. Find Better. SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT Lost and Found LOST DOG $1000.00 REWARD FOR SAFE RETURN OF OUR DOG, HULA. CONTACT INFO: MENIECA KENNEDY 386-855-0921 Special Notices DEADLINES FOR CLASSIFIED & LEGAL LINE ADS: FOR WEDNESDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRATNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR FRIDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT-NOON WEDNESDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY JASPER NEWSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY MAYO FREE PRESSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR Looking for someone to do light housekeeping one day a week. Call 386-330-6476 for more information. (Live Oak, FL) Special Notices TO ALL TRADESMEN & SERVICE PROVIDERS:Havent you always heard the old saying Big things come in small packages? Well, this is the idea for the Tri-County Service Directory seen on the classi fied pages of the Mid-Week Editions of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press!Call 386-362-1734 X102 for more info on how to place a small ad (thats the small packages part)to appear in all 3 of our publica tions which means the opportunity for your ad to be seen by more than 4000 potential customers (and thats the big things part). Educational YOU CAN BE A CNA Nursing Assistants are in GREAT demand! Quest Training offers nurse taught classes. No GED required if age 18 yr. Day and Evening classes available. (386)362-1065 Yard/Estate Sales STOP BY THE SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT OFFICE 521 Demorest Street, SE Live Oak, FL AND PLACE YOUR GA RAGE (YARD, ESTATE, OR MOVING) SALE AD IN TWO EDITIONS OF THE SU WANNEE DEMOCRAT TO RECEIVE A FREE GARAGE SALE KIT* *Kit contains: 3-11X13 Signs 1Pre-Sale Checklist 1Tipsheet for a Successful Sale 1Sheet of Price Stickers Misc Merchandise FOR SALE: 6 Collector name brand purses, very good cond. $100./ea. 6 Upright Freezer, like new $300. Refrigerator, good cond $25. Call (386)364-4158. FOR SALE: KENMORE RE FRIGERATOR Factory installed ice maker, Great Condition. $199 OBO. (386)938-3922. Lv msg if no ans. HAVE YOU BEEN MEANING TO CLEAR OUT SOME OF THE CLUTTER? RECYCLE, REDUCE, REUSE? MAYBE GET RID OF THAT UGLY (YOU THINK) VASE AUNT EDNA LEFT YOU IN HER WILL? WE CAN HELP! IF YOU CAN PART WITH ANY SINGLE UNWANTED ITEM FOR LESS THAN $500.00, YOU CAN RUN A 5-LINE AD WITH US FOR ONE WEEK AT NO CHARGE! (Offer restricted to one ad for one item within a 4-week period) CALL THE CLASSIFIEDS DEPARTMENT AT 386-362-1734 X102 Pets for Sale AKC ENGLISH BULLDOG PUPPIES 3 Females $2500 1 Male $3000 Call 850-668-3440 Free Pets FREE TO GOOD HOME Female calico kitten. 12 weeks old, spayed. Call (386)688-7994. Homes For Sale FOR SALE: at 445 Evelyn Ave, Live Oak, FL. 3Bd/1 Ba on 2 city lots. New septic, house needs re pair-sold AS IS. Asking $10,000. 386-688-1462. Land/Acreage ONE ACRE PAVED ROAD FRONTAGE Beautifully Wooded, Owner Fi nance, No Down. $14,900. Only $153/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com TEN ACRES OBRIEN, FL Paved Rd, well & culvert. Owner financing. NO DOWN $69,900. $613/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Commercial/Business FOR SALE: 6500 sf warehouse on paved rd. (1K sf w/ac office/ retail space), 2 lg roll-up doors. 20608 CR 49, OBrien, FL. Own er financed: $159,900. $5K down, $1,360/mo. 352-215-1018. www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Apartments MEL-MAR-GO APARTMENTS in Live Oak, FL. 1/2/3 Bd avail. Clean, modern, W/D hookups. Starting at $650/mo + dep. 386-364-1648 Manufactured Homes FOR RENT: 2Bd/2Ba SWMH remodeled. In Hatch Bend/Bran ford, FL area. Near boatramp, quiet neighborhood. $450./mo, 1st, last & sec dep. 352-231-5460 Autos FOR SALE: Buick LeSabre, Limited, 2003: 4 dr. silver, auto. trans. <101K mi, great cond. $3,500.00 OBO. Call for more info: 386-362-4278 RUN YOUR TRUCK OR AUTO FOR SALE AD FOR 4 WEEKS FOR JUST A LITTLE MORE THAN THE PRICE OF 1 WEEK: 1 WEEK REGULAR RATE: $25.83 4 WEEK SPECIAL RATE: $30.90 This special rate gets you 8 issues of the Suwannee Democrat, 4 issues of The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press plus 8 days online!!! ADD A PHOTO FOR ONLY $10.50 MORE CALL NOW TO GET YOUR AD STARTED 386-362-1734 X102 RV Sales/Service WE BUY USED RVS! CALL 229-740-0375 Trucks Ford Ranger, 2004 Auto. Trans. 79K miles, 2-dr ext. cab, radio & casette player. Cold air, good tires. $6,900 OBO. Call (386) 364-1247 Selling for parts: Ford Expedi tion, 2000Motor 4.6, Transmis sion, all parts for sale, etc. Call Renee (386) 249-3656. THERES A CAREER FOR EVERY PASSION. Whether its dogs, animals, or something completely unique, you may be surprised at how many jobs are connected to the things you love. So bring your passion to www. classiedmarketplaceonline.com and start searching. Who knows, you might and the perfect opportunity to put your passion to work. Monster. Find Better. rfnntbrrb rffnnttbft ftnfnnttbt nn tfn tn f PAGE 4B SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT /LIVE OAK Friday, July 20, 2018 16013-1 -FOR RENTGREAT RATES FOR NICE LOOKING RENTALS WATER, SEWER, AND GARBAGE INCLUDED. NO PETS. 386-330-2567 Share your passion to be featured in the next ad #PASSIONTOWORK THERES A CAREER FOR EVERY PASSION.Whether its dogs, animals, or something completely unique, you may be surprised at how many jobs are connected to the things you love. So bring your passion to www.classi edmarketplaceonline.com and start searching. Who knows, you might nd the perfect opportunity to put your passion to work. Monster. Find Better. SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT Lost and Found LOST DOG $1000.00 REWARD FOR SAFE RETURN OF OUR DOG, HULA. CONTACT INFO: MENIECA KENNEDY 386-855-0921 Special Notices DEADLINES FOR CLASSIFIED & LEGAL LINE ADS: FOR WEDNESDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRATNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR FRIDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT-NOON WEDNESDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY JASPER NEWSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY MAYO FREE PRESSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR Looking for someone to do light housekeeping one day a week. Call 386-330-6476 for more information. (Live Oak, FL) Special Notices TO ALL TRADESMEN & SERVICE PROVIDERS:Havent you always heard the old saying Big things come in small packages? Well, this is the idea for the Tri-County Service Directory seen on the classi fied pages of the Mid-Week Editions of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press!Call 386-362-1734 X102 for more info on how to place a small ad (thats the small packages part)to appear in all 3 of our publica tions which means the opportunity for your ad to be seen by more than 4000 potential customers (and thats the big things part). Educational YOU CAN BE A CNA Nursing Assistants are in GREAT demand! Quest Training offers nurse taught classes. No GED required if age 18 yr. Day and Evening classes available. (386)362-1065 Yard/Estate Sales STOP BY THE SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT OFFICE 521 Demorest Street, SE Live Oak, FL AND PLACE YOUR GA RAGE (YARD, ESTATE, OR MOVING) SALE AD IN TWO EDITIONS OF THE SU WANNEE DEMOCRAT TO RECEIVE A FREE GARAGE SALE KIT* *Kit contains: 3-11X13 Signs 1Pre-Sale Checklist 1Tipsheet for a Successful Sale 1Sheet of Price Stickers Misc Merchandise FOR SALE: 6 Collector name brand purses, very good cond. $100./ea. 6 Upright Freezer, like new $300. Refrigerator, good cond $25. Call (386)364-4158. FOR SALE: KENMORE RE FRIGERATOR Factory installed ice maker, Great Condition. $199 OBO. (386)938-3922. Lv msg if no ans. HAVE YOU BEEN MEANING TO CLEAR OUT SOME OF THE CLUTTER? RECYCLE, REDUCE, REUSE? MAYBE GET RID OF THAT UGLY (YOU THINK) VASE AUNT EDNA LEFT YOU IN HER WILL? WE CAN HELP! IF YOU CAN PART WITH ANY SINGLE UNWANTED ITEM FOR LESS THAN $500.00, YOU CAN RUN A 5-LINE AD WITH US FOR ONE WEEK AT NO CHARGE! (Offer restricted to one ad for one item within a 4-week period) CALL THE CLASSIFIEDS DEPARTMENT AT 386-362-1734 X102 Pets for Sale AKC ENGLISH BULLDOG PUPPIES 3 Females $2500 1 Male $3000 Call 850-668-3440 Free Pets FREE TO GOOD HOME Female calico kitten. 12 weeks old, spayed. Call (386)688-7994. Homes For Sale FOR SALE: at 445 Evelyn Ave, Live Oak, FL. 3Bd/1 Ba on 2 city lots. New septic, house needs re pair-sold AS IS. Asking $10,000. 386-688-1462. Land/Acreage ONE ACRE PAVED ROAD FRONTAGE Beautifully Wooded, Owner Fi nance, No Down. $14,900. Only $153/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com TEN ACRES OBRIEN, FL Paved Rd, well & culvert. Owner financing. NO DOWN $69,900. $613/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Commercial/Business FOR SALE: 6500 sf warehouse on paved rd. (1K sf w/ac office/ retail space), 2 lg roll-up doors. 20608 CR 49, OBrien, FL. Own er financed: $159,900. $5K down, $1,360/mo. 352-215-1018. www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Apartments MEL-MAR-GO APARTMENTS in Live Oak, FL. 1/2/3 Bd avail. Clean, modern, W/D hookups. Starting at $650/mo + dep. 386-364-1648 Manufactured Homes FOR RENT: 2Bd/2Ba SWMH remodeled. In Hatch Bend/Bran ford, FL area. Near boatramp, quiet neighborhood. $450./mo, 1st, last & sec dep. 352-231-5460 Autos FOR SALE: Buick LeSabre, Limited, 2003: 4 dr. silver, auto. trans. <101K mi, great cond. $3,500.00 OBO. Call for more info: 386-362-4278 RUN YOUR TRUCK OR AUTO FOR SALE AD FOR 4 WEEKS FOR JUST A LITTLE MORE THAN THE PRICE OF 1 WEEK: 1 WEEK REGULAR RATE: $25.83 4 WEEK SPECIAL RATE: $30.90 This special rate gets you 8 issues of the Suwannee Democrat, 4 issues of The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press plus 8 days online!!! ADD A PHOTO FOR ONLY $10.50 MORE CALL NOW TO GET YOUR AD STARTED 386-362-1734 X102 RV Sales/Service WE BUY USED RVS! CALL 229-740-0375 Trucks Ford Ranger, 2004 Auto. Trans. 79K miles, 2-dr ext. cab, radio & casette player. Cold air, good tires. $6,900 OBO. Call (386) 364-1247 Selling for parts: Ford Expedi tion, 2000Motor 4.6, Transmis sion, all parts for sale, etc. Call Renee (386) 249-3656. rfnntbrrb rffnnttbft ftnfnnttbt nn tfn tn f PAGE 4B SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT /LIVE OAK Friday, July 20, 2018 16013-1 -FOR RENTGREAT RATES FOR NICE LOOKING RENTALS WATER, SEWER, AND GARBAGE INCLUDED. NO PETS. 386-330-2567 Share your passion to be featured in the next ad #PASSIONTOWORK THERES A CAREER FOR EVERY PASSION.Whether its dogs, animals, or something completely unique, you may be surprised at how many jobs are connected to the things you love. So bring your passion to www.classi edmarketplaceonline.com and start searching. Who knows, you might nd the perfect opportunity to put your passion to work. Monster. Find Better. SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT Lost and Found LOST DOG $1000.00 REWARD FOR SAFE RETURN OF OUR DOG, HULA. CONTACT INFO: MENIECA KENNEDY 386-855-0921 Special Notices DEADLINES FOR CLASSIFIED & LEGAL LINE ADS: FOR WEDNESDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRATNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR FRIDAY SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT-NOON WEDNESDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY JASPER NEWSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR FOR THURSDAY MAYO FREE PRESSNOON FRIDAY PRIOR Looking for someone to do light housekeeping one day a week. Call 386-330-6476 for more information. (Live Oak, FL) Special Notices TO ALL TRADESMEN & SERVICE PROVIDERS:Havent you always heard the old saying Big things come in small packages? Well, this is the idea for the Tri-County Service Directory seen on the classi fied pages of the Mid-Week Editions of the Suwannee Democrat, The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press!Call 386-362-1734 X102 for more info on how to place a small ad (thats the small packages part)to appear in all 3 of our publica tions which means the opportunity for your ad to be seen by more than 4000 potential customers (and thats the big things part). Educational YOU CAN BE A CNA Nursing Assistants are in GREAT demand! Quest Training offers nurse taught classes. No GED required if age 18 yr. Day and Evening classes available. (386)362-1065 Yard/Estate Sales STOP BY THE SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT OFFICE 521 Demorest Street, SE Live Oak, FL AND PLACE YOUR GA RAGE (YARD, ESTATE, OR MOVING) SALE AD IN TWO EDITIONS OF THE SU WANNEE DEMOCRAT TO RECEIVE A FREE GARAGE SALE KIT* *Kit contains: 3-11X13 Signs 1Pre-Sale Checklist 1Tipsheet for a Successful Sale 1Sheet of Price Stickers Misc Merchandise FOR SALE: 6 Collector name brand purses, very good cond. $100./ea. 6 Upright Freezer, like new $300. Refrigerator, good cond $25. Call (386)364-4158. FOR SALE: KENMORE RE FRIGERATOR Factory installed ice maker, Great Condition. $199 OBO. (386)938-3922. Lv msg if no ans. HAVE YOU BEEN MEANING TO CLEAR OUT SOME OF THE CLUTTER? RECYCLE, REDUCE, REUSE? MAYBE GET RID OF THAT UGLY (YOU THINK) VASE AUNT EDNA LEFT YOU IN HER WILL? WE CAN HELP! IF YOU CAN PART WITH ANY SINGLE UNWANTED ITEM FOR LESS THAN $500.00, YOU CAN RUN A 5-LINE AD WITH US FOR ONE WEEK AT NO CHARGE! (Offer restricted to one ad for one item within a 4-week period) CALL THE CLASSIFIEDS DEPARTMENT AT 386-362-1734 X102 Pets for Sale AKC ENGLISH BULLDOG PUPPIES 3 Females $2500 1 Male $3000 Call 850-668-3440 Free Pets FREE TO GOOD HOME Female calico kitten. 12 weeks old, spayed. Call (386)688-7994. Homes For Sale FOR SALE: at 445 Evelyn Ave, Live Oak, FL. 3Bd/1 Ba on 2 city lots. New septic, house needs re pair-sold AS IS. Asking $10,000. 386-688-1462. Land/Acreage ONE ACRE PAVED ROAD FRONTAGE Beautifully Wooded, Owner Fi nance, No Down. $14,900. Only $153/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com TEN ACRES OBRIEN, FL Paved Rd, well & culvert. Owner financing. NO DOWN $69,900. $613/mo 352-215-1018 www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Commercial/Business FOR SALE: 6500 sf warehouse on paved rd. (1K sf w/ac office/ retail space), 2 lg roll-up doors. 20608 CR 49, OBrien, FL. Own er financed: $159,900. $5K down, $1,360/mo. 352-215-1018. www.LandOwnerFinancing.com Apartments MEL-MAR-GO APARTMENTS in Live Oak, FL. 1/2/3 Bd avail. Clean, modern, W/D hookups. Starting at $650/mo + dep. 386-364-1648 Manufactured Homes FOR RENT: 2Bd/2Ba SWMH remodeled. In Hatch Bend/Bran ford, FL area. Near boatramp, quiet neighborhood. $450./mo, 1st, last & sec dep. 352-231-5460 Autos FOR SALE: Buick LeSabre, Limited, 2003: 4 dr. silver, auto. trans. <101K mi, great cond. $3,500.00 OBO. Call for more info: 386-362-4278 RUN YOUR TRUCK OR AUTO FOR SALE AD FOR 4 WEEKS FOR JUST A LITTLE MORE THAN THE PRICE OF 1 WEEK: 1 WEEK REGULAR RATE: $25.83 4 WEEK SPECIAL RATE: $30.90 This special rate gets you 8 issues of the Suwannee Democrat, 4 issues of The Jasper News & the Mayo Free Press plus 8 days online!!! ADD A PHOTO FOR ONLY $10.50 MORE CALL NOW TO GET YOUR AD STARTED 386-362-1734 X102 RV Sales/Service WE BUY USED RVS! CALL 229-740-0375 Trucks Ford Ranger, 2004 Auto. Trans. 79K miles, 2-dr ext. cab, radio & casette player. Cold air, good tires. $6,900 OBO. Call (386) 364-1247 Selling for parts: Ford Expedi tion, 2000Motor 4.6, Transmis sion, all parts for sale, etc. Call Renee (386) 249-3656.

PAGE 20

AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 8B CJ Pepper, Dakota Hamm and Junior Cress all had already touched it to put the Bucs up 6-0 with 7:21 left in the rst. After Branfords defense swarmed Munroes Julian Harrison in the end zone for a safety three minutes later, Hamm capped a ve-play drive with a 1-yard run to make it 15-0 Branford with less than a minute to go in the rst. The junior did the heavy lifting on the drive with runs of 7, 25 and 18 yards before the scoring run. Hamm led Branford with 139 yards on 16 carries. Hamm showed he can car ry the load, Clark said after the junior started in place of senior Aaron McQuay, who sat out the rst quarter for disciplinary reasons. He really, really ran the ball ex tremely well. We spread the carries out. McQuay, the Bucs hon orable mention All-State performer a year ago, made up for lost time in the second quarter when he picked up 72 of his 119 yards on nine car ries. He scored from 13 yards out with 3:38 left in the half that put Branford up 27-0. Leading 27-6 at halftime, Branford added touchdown runs from White (9 yards) and Seth Heiderman (5 yards) in the third quarter to extend its lead to 39-6 and start a running clock in the fourth. The second touchdown for White, who added 70 yards on eight carries, was set up by a Jacob Wright intercep tion, the second of the game for the Buc defense, which also recovered three fumbles and recorded the safety. Munroe scored on the nal play of the rst half on a 29yard touchdown pass from Pate Reynolds to Max Rein hard and then scored on the nal drive of the game when Reynolds hit Calbert McMil lan Jr. from 38 yards out. The Bobcats nished with 161 yards of offense, 129 passing, with 141 coming on the two scoring drives. Defensively, I thought we were lights out with the rst group, Clark said. All around, really, really proud. Branford added 82 yards passing to its 400 yards rush ing, including an 18-yard touchdown pass from Jevin Johnson to Colton Leibold midway through the second quarter. Jevin threw it really well on the quick passes, the tim ing routes, Clark added. UP NEXT: The Bucs will stay at home when Chief land visits for a key ear ly-season game. Chiefland and Branford finished just outside the playoffs a year ago, and figure to contend for postseason contention this year. The Indians routed peren nial power Trenton 41-0 on Friday night. Theyre right up there, Clark said of the Indians. Weve got three or four teams that are going to be slugfests and this is going to be one of them. I think its going to be a hammer and nails kind of football game. It always is. Branford fell 7-0 to the Indians last year and 6-0 in 2016. Continued From Page 1B Bucs High-powered Hornets wear down Warriors Special to the Free Press THOMASVILLE, Ga. La fayette overwhelmed Brookwood School on Friday night with an offensive explosion that led to 657 yards of offense. Despite surrendering a pair of second-half kickoff returns for touchdowns to Brookwood se nior Bridger Middleton, Lafayette cruised to a 53-33 victory. The Hornets overcame a 13-6 rst quarter decit and scored 26 unan swered in the second quarter. Theyre a very talented team, Brookwood (1-1) coach Shane Boggs said. Theyve got a really nice balance of skilled players and linemen. Their quarterback (Jaxson Beach) is amazing. Beach threw for 311 yards and three touchdowns and ran for 153 yards and two touchdowns. The Hornets (1-0) nished with 346 rushing yards, including 180 from running back Garris Edwards. The teams traded scoring jabs in the second half, Lafayette with its rushing attack from Beach and Edwards and Brookwood with Mid dleton returning kickoffs 90 and 70 yards for scores. Unfortunately for Brookwoods defense, it stayed on the eld for 29 straight offen sive plays from Lafayette and wore down in the fourth quarter. Edwards rumbled 46 yards for a touchdown late in the fourth quarter to seal the victory. Offensively, we controlled the game, said Hornets coach Joey Pearson. Special teams let us down, kept them in the game. But it was a good win to start the season against a good team. The Hornets led 32-13 at halftime after totaling 380 yards, includ ing 230 passing from Beach. The yardage was especially impressive considering Lafayette only ran 29 plays. Edwards ran for 80 yards in the rst half. Beach added 70 yards rushing and a pair of touchdowns. Turnovers doomed the Warriors offensive momentum after building their early lead. Brookwood threw three rst-half interceptions, includ ing two on back-to-back plays in the second quarter that quickly led to Lafayette scores. Its one of those things where we knew where we needed to attack just so happened to be the strength of their team. We got them in some situations. In others, they got us, Boggs said. Brookwood scored on its rst of fensive possession, driving 64 yards on eight plays, with quarterback Joe Parker scoring on a nine-yard run. After Lafayette tied the game 6-6, the Warriors struck again late in the rst quarter. Running back Lance Wortman darted around the left side of the line and into the end zone from 12 yards out to give Brook wood a 13-6 advantage. Parker threw for 174 yards and ran for 46. Wortman added 30 yards rushing. Lafayette wide receiver Ben Massey caught ve passes for 161 yards and three touchdowns. UP NEXT: Lafayette stays on the road when it visits Bronson on Friday. rffrntbn nrnntrtnfn rrrrttt Baldwin 52, Hamilton County 0 Hamilton County 0 0 0 0 0 Baldwin 14 17 7 14 52 First Quarter BHS AJ Mealer 11 run (Nicholas Sprague kick). BHS Amos Porter 58 run (Sprague kick). Second Quarter BHS Mealer 99 run (Sprague kick). BHS Sprague 26 field goal. BHS Christian Sanderson 20 pass from Gavin Screws (Sprague kick). Third Quarter Fourth Quarter BHS Levarn Harvin 1 run (Sprague kick). INDIVIDUAL STATISTICS BALDWIN Trailing by two scores early in the sec ond quarter, Hamilton County pinned host Baldwin deep in its own territory Friday night. But AJ Mealer broke loose for a 99-yard scoring run that opened the oodgates as the Indians routed the Tro jans 52-0 in the season opener. Hamilton County totaled 85 yards of offense, rushing for 57 yards and picking up 28 more through the air. DeNandre Johnson paced the Trojans with 28 yards rushing on 13 carries while also completing 2 of 14 pass es for 28 yards. He was intercepted once. Aderius Ealy had the two catches for HCHS. Mealer ran for 148 yards and two touchdowns, also scoring from 11 yards out for the games rst score, to pace BHS, which nished with 317 yards rushing as a team. Amos Porter, Xavier McGriff and Levan Harvin also had scoring runs for the Indians. Gavin Screws completed 11 of 17 passes for 144 yards and TDs to Christian Sanderson and McGriff. Nicholas Sprague added a 26-yard eld goal early in the second quarter that extended the lead to 24-0. UP NEXT: Hamilton will play its home opener Friday night against The Villages Charter. The Buffalo blanked host Tavares 35-0 on Friday. Hamilton County blanked at Baldwin rnrrbfntrrnrn rrbttffrt rfntrbrrrf nrnn tnrfnftrrb rbrfffrnrf

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 9B Public Notices Protecting Your Right to Know Legals IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE THIRD JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA GENERAL JURISDICTION DIVISION CASE NO: 2017CA000161 FIRST FEDERAL BANK OF FLORIDA, Plaintiff, vs. STEVEN T. SIKES A/K/A STEVEN TRAVIS SIKES; et. al., Defendant(s). CLERKS NOTICE OF SALE NOTICE IS GIVEN that, in accordance with the Final Judgment of Foreclo sure entered on July 19, 2018 in the above-styled cause, I will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash on September 20, 2018 at 11:00 a.m., at the front steps of the Suwannee County Courthouse, 200 S. Ohio Avenue, Live Oak, Florida 32064, the following described property: THE SOUTH 331.07 FEET OF THE WEST 660.00 FEET OF THE SOUTH 662.14 FEET OF THE EAST 2611.76 FEET OF THE SOUTH 1/2 OF THE SOUTHEAST 1/4 OF SECTION 27, TOWNSHIP 5 SOUTH, RANGE 15 EAST, SUWANNEE COUNTY, FLORIDA. TOGETHER WITH AN EASEMENT FOR INGRESS AND EGRESS OVER AND ACROSS THE SOUTH 30.00 FEET AND THE EAST 30.00 FEET OF THE SOUTH 662.14 FEET OF THE EAST 1951.76 FEET OF THE SOUTH 1/2 OF THE SOUTHEAST 1/4 OF SECTION 27, TOWNSHIP 5 SOUTH, RANGE 15 EAST, SUWAN NEE COUNTY, FLORIDA; ALSO TO GETHER WITH AN EASEMENT FOR INGRESS AND EGRESS OVER AND ACROSS THE EAST 30.00 FEET OF THE EAST 2611.76 FEET OF THE SOUTH 1/2 OF THE SOUTHEAST 1/4 OF SECTION 27, TOWNSHIP 5 SOUTH, RANGE 15 EAST, SUWAN NEE COUNTY, FLORIDA, LESS AND EXCEPT THE SOUTH 662.14 FEET THEREOF. TOGETHER WITH THAT CERTAIN 2010 CHAMPION MOBILE HOMES DOUBLE WIDE MANUFACTURED HOME ID#FL26100PHA100070A AND FL26100PHA100070B Property Address: 23891 25TH ROAD, LAKE CITY, FL 32024 ANY PERSON CLAIMING AN INTER EST IN THE SURPLUS FROM THE SALE, IF ANY, OTHER THAN THE PROPERTY OWNER AS OF THE DATE OF THE LIS PENDENS MUST FILE A CLAIM WITHIN 60 DAYS AF TER THE SALE. Dated: July 20, 2018. BARRY A. BAKER, CLERK SUWANNEE COUNTY (Court Seal) CIRCUIT COURT By: /s/ Felicia Flowers Deputy Clerk AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT: If you are a person with a disability who needs any accom modation in order to participate in this proceeding, you are entitled, at no cost to you, to the provision of certain assistance. Persons with a disability who need any accommo dation to participate should call the ADA Coordinator, Jacquetta Brad ley, P.O. Box 1569, Lake City, FL 32056, 386-719-7428, within two (2) working days of your receipt of this notice; if you are hearing impaired call (800) 955-8771; if you are voice impaired call (800) 955-8770. 08/22, 08/29/2018 LEGAL NOTICE COLUMBIA, HAMILTON AND SUWANNEE TRANSPORTATION DISADVANTAGED COORDINATING BOARD BUSINESS MEETING The North Central Florida Regional Planning Council announces a pub lic meeting to which all persons are invited. DATE AND TIME: September 19, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. PLACE: Santa Fe Room in the Florida Department of Transporta tion Lake City Operations Center located at 710 Northwest Lake Jef fery Road, Lake City, Florida GENERAL SUBJECT MATTER TO BE CONSIDERED: To conduct the regular business of the Columbia, Hamilton and Suwannee Transpor tation Disadvantaged Coordinating Board. A copy of the agenda may be obtained by contacting: North Central Flori da Regional Planning Council, 2009 NW 67th Place, Gainesville, Florida 32653-1603. Pursuant to the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act, any person requiring special accommoda tions to participate in this meeting is asked to advise the agency at least 2 business days before the meeting by contacting 352.955.2200 If you are hearing or speech impaired, please contact the agency using the Florida Relay Service, 1.800. 955.8771 (TDD) or 1.800. 955.8770 (Voice). If any person decides to appeal any decision made by the Board with re spect to any matter considered at the meeting, he/she will need to ensure that a verbatim record of the proceed ing is made, which record includes the testimony and evidence from which the appeal is to be issued. 08/29/2018 Stay Informed!Exercise Your Right To Know! NOTICE UNDER FICTITIOUS NAME LAW PURSUANT TO SECTION 865.09, FLORIDA STATUTES NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned, desiring to en gage in business under the fictitious name of Flying D Gun Club located at: 508 SW Savannah St. in the County of Suwannee in the City of Branford Florida 32008 intends to register the said name with the Division of Corpo rations of the Florida Department of State, Tallahassee, Florida. Dated at Branford Florida, this 22nd day of August 2018. Owners Name: Flying D Ranch LLC 08/29/2018 NOTICE UNDER FICTITIOUS NAME LAW PURSUANT TO SECTION 865.09, FLORIDA STATUTES NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned, desiring to engage in business under the Fictitious Name of SHANDS LIVE OAK MEDICAL GROUP with a mailing address of 4000 Meridian Blvd., Franklin, TN 37067 and a principal office located in Suwannee County, intends to regis ter the said name with the FL Dept. of State, Div. of Corps., Tallahassee, FL. Dated: 8/20/2018. Owner: LIVE OAK HMA MEDICAL GROUP, LLC 08/29/2018 NOTICE UNDER FICTITIOUS NAME LAW PURSUANT TO SECTION 865.09, FLORIDA STATUTES NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned, desiring to en gage in business under the fictitious name of Integral Foods located at: 1 5722 96th Street in the County of Suwannee in the City of Live Oak Florida 32060 intends to register the said name with the Division of Corpo rations of the Florida Department of State, Tallahassee, Florida. Dated at Live Oak Florida, this 24th day of August 2018. Owners Name: Inteli Gents 08/29/2018 Legals NOTICE UNDER FICTITIOUS NAME LAW PURSUANT TO SECTION 865.09, FLORIDA STATUTES NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the undersigned, desiring to en gage in business under the fictitious name of Integral Foods located at: 1 5722 96th Street in the County of Suwannee in the City of Live Oak Florida 32060 intends to register the said name with the Division of Corpo rations of the Florida Department of State, Tallahassee, Florida. Dated at Live Oak Florida, this 24th day of August 2018. Owners Name: Inteli Gents 08/29/2018 PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018

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AUGUST 29 & 30, 2018 SUWANNEE DEMOCRAT JASPER NEWS MAYO FREE PRESS PAGE 10B Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 Legals PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legislature, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition against abuse of public position by October 1, 2019, as speci fied in Section 8(h) of Article II. (b) Following the adoption of rules pur suant to subsection (a), the legislature shall enact implementing legislation establishing penalties for violations of the prohibition against abuse of public position to take effect December 31, 2020. NO. 13 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Ends Dog Racing BALLOT SUMMARY: Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Prohibition on racing of and wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The humane treatment of animals is a fundamental value of the people of the State of Florida. After Decem ber 31, 2020, a person authorized to conduct gaming or pari-mutuel operations may not race greyhounds or any member of the Canis Familiaris subspecies in connection with any wager for money or any other thing of value in this state, and persons in this state may not wager money or any other thing of value on the outcome of a live dog race occurring in this state. The failure to conduct greyhound racing or wagering on greyhound racing after December 31, 2018, does not constitute grounds to revoke or deny renewal of other related gaming licenses held by a person who is a licensed greyhound permitholder on January 1, 2018, and does not affect the eligibility of such permitholder, or such permitholders facility, to conduct other pari-mutuel activities authorized by general law. By general law, the legislature shall specify civil or criminal penalties for violations of this section and for activities that aid or abet violations of this section. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibition on racing of or wagering on greyhounds or other dogs.-The amendment to Article X, which prohibits the racing of or wagering on greyhound and other dogs, and the creation of this section, shall take effect upon the approval of the electors. 08/29, 09/26/2018 PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AND REVISIONS FOR THE 2018 GENERAL ELECTION I, Ken Detzner, Secretary of State for Florida, do hereby give notice that the following proposed amendments and revisions to the Florida Constitution will be pre sented in each county on the 2018 General Election ballot. The language for these amend ments may also be found at FloridaPublicNotices.com, at DOS.Elections.MyFlorida.com/ initiatives, and at this newspapers website. NO. 1 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 BALLOT TITLE: Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 6. Homestead exemp tions. (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assess ments for special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, and on the assessed valuation greater than one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars upon establish ment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly by stock ownership or membership representing the owners or members proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The ex emption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of homestead property at less than just value. (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any individual or family unit or with respect to any residential unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock or mem bership in a corporation, the value of the proportion which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed value of the property. (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and amount established by general law. (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation prescribed in paragraph (1). The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes in the cost of living. (e) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon separation from military service. The discount shall be in a percent age equal to the percentage of the veterans permanent, servicecon nected disability as determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount granted by this subsection, an applicant must submit to the county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the percentage of the veterans service-connected disability and such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as combat related and a copy of the veterans honorable discharge. If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature may, by gen eral law, waive the annual application requirement in subsequent years. This subsection is self-executing and does not require implementing legislation. (f) By general law and subject to conditions and limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the United States Armed Forces. (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty. (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the term disability does not include a chronic condition or chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. As used in this subsection and as further defined by general law, the term first responder means a law enforcement officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, or a paramedic, and the term in the line of duty means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty required by employment as a first responder. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 37. Increased homestead exemption. This section and the amendment to Section 6 of Article VII increasing the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 2 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 BALLOT TITLE: Limitations on Property Tax Assess ments BALLOT SUMMARY: Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified nonhome stead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provi sions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE SECTION 27. Property tax exemp tions and limitations on property tax assessments. (a) The amendments to Sections 3, 4, and 6 of Article VII, providing a $25,000 exemption for tangible personal property, providing an additional $25,000 homestead exemption, authorizing transfer of the accrued benefit from the limitations on the assessment of homestead property, and this section, if sub mitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at a special election authorized by law to be held on January 29, 2008, shall take effect upon approval by the electors and shall operate retroactively to Jan uary 1, 2008, or, if submitted to the electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next general election, shall take effect January 1 of the year following such general election. The amendments to Section 4 of Article VII creating subsections (g) (f) and (h) (g) of that section, creating a limita tion on annual assessment increases for specified real property, shall take effect upon approval of the electors and shall first limit assessments be ginning January 1, 2009, if approved at a special election held on January 29, 2008, or shall first limit assess ments beginning January 1, 2010, if approved at the general election held in November of 2008. Subsections (f) and (g) of Section 4 of Article VII are repealed effective January 1, 2019; however, the legislature shall by joint resolution propose an amendment abrogating the repeal of subsections (f) and (g), which shall be submitted to the electors of this state for approv al or rejection at the general election of 2018 and, if approved, shall take effect January 1, 2019. (b) The amendment to subsection (a) abrogating the scheduled repeal of subsections (g) and (h) of Section 4 of Article VII of the State Constitution as it existed in 2017, shall take effect January 1, 2019. NO. 3 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE X, SECTION 29 BALLOT TITLE: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be autho rized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution. Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The amendments impact on state and local government revenues and costs, if any, cannot be determined at this time because of its unknown effect on gambling operations that have not been approved by voters through a constitutional amendment proposed by a citizens initiative petition process. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE X, FLORIDA CONSTITU TION, is amended to include the following new section: Voter Control of Gambling in Florida. (a) This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling in the State of Florida. This amendment requires a vote by citizens initiative pursuant to Article XI, section 3, in order for casino gambling to be authorized un der Florida law. This section amends this Article; and also affects Article XI, by making citizens initiatives the exclusive method of authorizing casino gambling. (b) As used in this section, casino gambling means any of the types of games typically found in casinos and that are within the definition of Class III gaming in the Federal Indian Gam ing Regulatory Act, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq. (IGRA), and in 25 C.F.R. 502.4, upon adoption of this amend ment, and any that are added to such definition of Class III gaming in the future. This includes, but is not limited to, any house banking game, includ ing but not limited to card games such as baccarat, chemin de fer, blackjack (21), and pai gow (if played as house banking games); any player-banked game that simulates a house banking game, such as California black jack; casino games such as roulette, craps, and keno; any slot machines as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1171(a)(1); and any other game not authorized by Article X, section 15, whether or not defined as a slot machine, in which outcomes are determined by random number generator or are similarly assigned randomly, such as instant or historical racing. As used herein, casino gambling includes any electronic gambling devices, simulated gambling devices, video lottery devices, internet sweepstakes devices, and any other form of elec tronic or electromechanical facsimiles of any game of chance, slot machine, or casino-style game, regardless of how such devices are defined under IGRA. As used herein, casino gam bling does not include pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, dog racing, or jai alai exhibitions. For purposes of this section, gambling and gaming are synonymous. (c) Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit the right of the Legislature to exercise its authority through general law to restrict, regulate, or tax any gaming or gambling activities. In addition, nothing herein shall be construed to limit the ability of the state or Native American tribes to negotiate gaming compacts pursuant to the Federal Indian Gaming Regu latory Act for the conduct of casino gambling on tribal lands, or to affect any existing gambling on tribal lands pursuant to compacts executed by the state and Native American tribes pursuant to IGRA. (d) This section is effective upon ap proval by the voters, is self-executing, and no Legislative implementation is required. (e) If any part of this section is held invalid for any reason, the remaining portion or portions shall be severed from the invalid portion and given the fullest possible force and effect. NO. 4 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VI, SECTION 4 BALLOT TITLE: Voting Restoration Amendment BALLOT SUMMARY: This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony con victions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis. FINANCIAL IMPACT STATEMENT: The precise effect of this amend ment on state and local government costs cannot be determined, but the operation of current voter registration laws, combined with an increased number of felons registering to vote, will produce higher overall costs relative to the processes in place today. The impact, if any, on state and local government revenues cannot be determined. The fiscal impact of any future legislation that implements a different process cannot be reason ably determined. FULL TEXT: Article VI, Section 4. Disqualifica tions. (a) No person convicted of a felony, or adjudicated in this or any other state to be mentally incompetent, shall be qualified to vote or hold office until restoration of civil rights or removal of disability. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any dis qualification from voting arising from a felony conviction shall terminate and voting rights shall be restored upon completion of all terms of sen tence including parole or probation. (b) No person convicted of murder or a felony sexual offense shall be qualified to vote until restoration of civil rights. ( b c ) No person may appear on the ballot for re-election to any of the following offices: (1) Florida representative, (2) Florida senator, (3) Florida Lieutenant governor, (4) any office of the Florida cabinet, (5) U.S. Representative from Florida, or (6) U.S. Senator from Florida if, by the end of the current term of office, the person will have served (or, but for resignation, would have served) in that office for eight consec utive years. NO. 5 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ARTICLE VII, SECTION 19 BALLOT TITLE: Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits the legislature from impos ing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipal ity, school board, or special district. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE VII FINANCE AND TAXATION SECTION 19. Supermajority vote required to impose, authorize, or raise state taxes or fees. (a) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO IMPOSE OR AUTHO RIZE NEW STATE TAX OR FEE. No new state tax or fee may be imposed or authorized by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (b) SUPERMAJORITY VOTE RE QUIRED TO RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES. No state tax or fee may be raised by the legislature except through legislation approved by two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and pre sented to the Governor for approval pursuant to Article III, Section 8. (c) APPLICABILITY. This section does not authorize the imposition of any state tax or fee otherwise pro hibited by this Constitution, and does not apply to any tax or fee imposed by, or authorized to be imposed by, a county, municipality, school board, or special district. (d) DEFINITIONS. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) Fee means any charge or payment required by law, including any fee for service, fee or cost for licenses, and charge for service. (2) Raise means: a. To increase or authorize an increase in the rate of a state tax or fee imposed on a percentage or per mill basis; b. To increase or authorize an in crease in the amount of a state tax or fee imposed on a flat or fixed amount basis; or c. To decrease or eliminate a state tax or fee exemption or credit. (e) SINGLE-SUBJECT. A state tax or fee imposed, authorized, or raised under this section must be contained in a separate bill that contains no other subject. NO. 6 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 16 ARTICLE V, SECTIONS 8 AND 21 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Rights of Crime Victims; Judges BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims rights; autho rizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agen cys interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state justices and judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization to com plete judicial term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 16. Rights of accused and of victims. (a) In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or informa tion may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law. (b) To preserve and protect the right of crime victims to achieve justice, ensure a meaningful role through out the criminal and juvenile justice systems for crime victims, and ensure that crime victims rights and interests are respected and protected by law in a manner no less vigorous than protections afforded to criminal defendants and juvenile delinquents, every victim is entitled to the following rights, beginning at the time of his or her victimization: (1) The right to due process and to be treated with fairness and respect for the victims dignity. (2) The right to be free from intimida tion, harassment, and abuse. (3) The right, within the judicial pro cess, to be reasonably protected from the accused and any person acting on behalf of the accused. However, nothing contained herein is intended to create a special relationship between the crime victim and any law enforcement agency or office absent a special relationship or duty as defined by Florida law. (4) The right to have the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family considered when setting bail, including setting pretrial release conditions that protect the safety and welfare of the victim and the victims family. (5) The right to prevent the disclosure of information or records that could be used to locate or harass the victim or the victims family, or which could disclose confidential or privileged information of the victim. (6) A victim shall have the following specific rights upon request: a. The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of, and to be present at, all public proceedings involving the criminal conduct, including, but not limited to, trial, plea, sentencing, or adjudication, even if the victim will be a witness at the proceeding, notwithstanding any rule to the contrary. A victim shall also be provided reasonable, accurate, and timely notice of any release or escape of the defendant or delinquent, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. b. The right to be heard in any public proceeding involving pretrial or other release from any form of legal con straint, plea, sentencing, adjudica tion, or parole, and any proceeding during which a right of the victim is implicated. c. The right to confer with the prosecuting attorney concerning any plea agreements, participation in pretrial diversion programs, release, restitution, sentencing, or any other disposition of the case. d. The right to provide information regarding the impact of the offenders conduct on the victim and the victims family to the individual responsible for conducting any presentence investi gation or compiling any presentence investigation report, and to have any such information considered in any sentencing recommendations submit ted to the court. e. The right to receive a copy of any presentence report, and any other report or record relevant to the exercise of a victims right, except for such portions made confidential or exempt by law. f. The right to be informed of the con viction, sentence, adjudication, place and time of incarceration, or other disposition of the convicted offender, any scheduled release date of the offender, and the release of or the escape of the offender from custody. g. The right to be informed of all postconviction processes and procedures, to participate in such processes and procedures, to provide information to the release authority to be considered before any release decision is made, and to be notified of any release decision regarding the offender. The parole or early release authority shall extend the right to be heard to any person harmed by the offender. h. The right to be informed of clemen cy and expungement procedures, to provide information to the governor, the court, any clemency board, and other authority in these procedures, and to have that information consid ered before a clemency or expunge ment decision is made; and to be notified of such decision in advance of any release of the offender. (7) The rights of the victim, as provid ed in subparagraph (6)a., subpara graph (6)b., or subparagraph (6)c., that apply to any first appearance pro ceeding are satisfied by a reasonable attempt by the appropriate agency to notify the victim and convey the victims views to the court. (8) The right to the prompt return of the victims property when no longer needed as evidence in the case. (9) The right to full and timely resti tution in every case and from each convicted offender for all losses suf fered, both directly and indirectly, by the victim as a result of the criminal conduct. (10) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay, and to a prompt and final conclusion of the case and any related postjudgment proceedings. a. The state attorney may file a good faith demand for a speedy trial and the trial court shall hold a calendar call, with notice, within fifteen days of the filing demand, to schedule a trial to commence on a date at least five days but no more than sixty days after the date of the calendar call unless the trial judge enters an order with specific findings of fact justifying a trial date more than sixty days after the calendar call. b. All state-level appeals and collat eral attacks on any judgment must be complete within two years from the date of appeal in non-capital cases and within five years from the date of appeal in capital cases, unless a court enters an order with specific findings as to why the court was un able to comply with this subparagraph and the circumstances causing the delay. Each year, the chief judge of any district court of appeal or the chief justice of the supreme court shall report on a case-bycase basis to the speaker of the house of representatives and the president of the senate all cases where the court entered an order regarding inability to comply with this subparagraph. The legislature may enact legislation to implement this subparagraph. (11) The right to be informed of these rights, and to be informed that victims can seek the advice of an attorney with respect to their rights. This information shall be made available to the general public and provided to all crime victims in the form of a card or by other means intended to effectively advise the victim of their rights under this section. (c) The victim, the retained attorney of the victim, a lawful representative of the victim, or the office of the state attorney upon request of the victim, may assert and seek enforcement of the rights enumerated in this section and any other right afforded to a victim by law in any trial or appellate court, or before any other authority with jurisdiction over the case, as a matter of right. The court or other authority with jurisdiction shall act promptly on such a request, affording a remedy by due course of law for the violation of any right. The reasons for any decision regarding the disposition of a victims right shall be clearly stated on the record. (d) The granting of the rights enumer ated in this section to victims may not be construed to deny or impair any other rights possessed by victims. The provisions of this section apply throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes, are self-executing, and do not require implementing legislation. This section may not be construed to create any cause of ac tion for damages against the state or a political subdivision of the state, or any officer, employee, or agent of the state or its political subdivisions. (e) As used in this section, a victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, psychological, or financial harm as a result of the commission or attempted commission of a crime or delinquent act or against whom the crime or delinquent act is committed. The term victim includes the victims lawful representative, the parent or guardian of a minor, or the next of kin of a homicide victim, ex cept upon a showing that the interest of such individual would be in actual or potential conflict with the interests of the victim. The term victim does not include the accused. The terms crime and criminal include delin quent acts and conduct Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 8. Eligibility.No person shall be eligible for office of justice or judge of any court unless the person is an elector of the state and resides in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice or judge shall serve after attaining the age of seventy-five seventy years except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term, one-half of which has been served No person is eligible for the office of justice of the supreme court or judge of a district court of appeal unless the person is, and has been for the preceding ten years, a member of the bar of Florida. No person is eligible for the office of circuit judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, no person is eligible for the office of county court judge unless the person is, and has been for the preceding five years, a member of the bar of Florida. Unless otherwise provided by general law, a person shall be eligible for election or appointment to the office of county court judge in a county having a pop ulation of 40,000 or less if the person is a member in good standing of the bar of Florida. SECTION 21. Judicial interpretation of statutes and rules.In interpreting a state statute or rule, a state court or an officer hearing an administrative action pursuant to general law may not defer to an administrative agen cys interpretation of such statute or rule, and must instead interpret such statute or rule de novo. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Eligibility of justices and judges.The amendment to Section 8 of Article V, which increases the age at which a justice or judge is no longer eligible to serve in judicial office except upon temporary assignment, shall take effect July 1, 2019. NO. 7 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTIONS 7 AND 8 ARTICLE X, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits; Public Colleges and Universities BALLOT SUMMARY: Grants mandatory payment of death benefits and waiver of certain edu cational expenses to qualifying sur vivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively au thorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 7. State University System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence through teaching students, advancing research and providing public service for the benefit of Floridas citizens, their communities and economies, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state university system of Florida. (b) STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM. There shall be a single state univer sity system comprised of all public universities. A board of trustees shall administer each public university and a board of governors shall govern the state university system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each local constituent university shall be administered by a board of trustees consisting of thirteen mem bers dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The board of governors shall establish the powers and duties of the boards of trustees. Each board of trustees shall consist of six citizen members appointed by the governor and five citizen members appointed by the board of governors. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of five years as provided by law. The chair of the faculty senate, or the equivalent, and the president of the student body of the university shall also be members. (d) STATEWIDE BOARD OF GOVER NORS. The board of governors shall be a body corporate consisting of seventeen members. The board shall operate, regulate, control, and be fully responsible for the management of the whole university system. These responsibilities shall include, but not be limited to, defining the distinctive mission of each constituent university and its articulation with free public schools and community colleges, ensuring the well-planned coordi nation and operation of the system, and avoiding wasteful duplication of facilities or programs. The boards management shall be subject to the powers of the legislature to appropriate for the expenditure of funds, and the board shall account for such expenditures as provided by law. The governor shall appoint to the board fourteen citizens dedicated to the purposes of the state university system. The appointed members shall be confirmed by the senate and serve staggered terms of seven years as provided by law. The commis sioner of education, the chair of the advisory council of faculty senates, or the equivalent, and the president of the Florida student association, or the equivalent, shall also be members of the board. (e) FEES. Any proposal or action of a constituent university to raise, impose, or authorize any fee, as au thorized by law, must be approved by at least nine affirmative votes of the members of the board of trustees of the constituent university, if approval by the board of trustees is required by general law, and at least twelve affirmative votes of the members of the board of governors, if approval by the board of governors is required by general law, in order to take effect. A fee under this subsection shall not include tuition. SECTION 8. State College System. (a) PURPOSES. In order to achieve excellence and to provide access to undergraduate education to the students of this state; to originate articulated pathways to a bacca laureate degree; to ensure superior commitment to teaching and learning; and to respond quickly and efficiently to meet the demand of communities by aligning certificate and degree programs with local and regional workforce needs, the people hereby establish a system of governance for the state college system of Florida. (b) STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM. There shall be a single state college system comprised of all public community and state colleges. A local board of trustees shall govern each state college system institution and the state board of education shall supervise the state college system. (c) LOCAL BOARDS OF TRUSTEES. Each state college system institution shall be governed by a local board of trustees dedicated to the purpos es of the state college system. A member of a board of trustees must be a resident of the service delivery area of the college. The powers and duties of the boards of trustees shall be provided by law. Each member shall be appointed by the governor to staggered 4-year terms, subject to confirmation by the senate. (d) ROLE OF THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. The state board of education shall supervise the state college system as provided by law. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS Death benefits for survivors of first responders and military members. (a) A death benefit shall be paid by the employing agency when a fire fighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforce ment, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or a member of the Florida National Guard, while engaged in the performance of their official duties, is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (b) A death benefit shall be paid by funds from general revenue when an active duty member of the United States Armed Forces is: (1) Accidentally killed or receives accidental bodily injury which results in the loss of the individuals life, pro vided that such killing is not the result of suicide and that such bodily injury is not intentionally self-inflicted; or (2) Unlawfully and intentionally killed or dies as a result of such unlawful and intentional act or is killed during active duty. (c) If a firefighter; a paramedic; an emergency medical technician; a law enforcement, correctional, or correctional probation officer; or an active duty member of the Florida National Guard or United States Armed Forces is accidentally killed as specified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (b)(1), or unlawfully and intentionally killed as specified in paragraphs (a) (2) and (b)(2), the state shall waive certain educational expenses that the child or spouse of the deceased first responder or military member incurs while obtaining a career certificate, an undergraduate education, or a postgraduate education. (d) An eligible first responder must have been working for the State of Florida or any of its political subdivisions or agencies at the time of death. An eligible military member must have been a resident of this state or his or her duty post must have been within this state at the time of death. (e) The legislature shall implement this section by general law. (f) This section shall take effect on July 1, 2019. NO. 8 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE IX, SECTION 4, NEW SECTION ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: School Board Term Limits and Duties; Public Schools BALLOT SUMMARY: Creates a term limit of eight consecu tive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and super vise all public schools. The amend ment maintains a school boards duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, con trol, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE IX EDUCATION SECTION 4. School districts; school boards. (a) Each county shall constitute a school district; provided, two or more contiguous counties, upon vote of the electors of each county pursuant to law, may be combined into one school district. In each school district there shall be a school board composed of five or more members chosen by vote of the electors in a nonpartisan elec tion for appropriately staggered terms of four years, as provided by law. A person may not appear on the ballot for re-election to the office of school board if, by the end of the current term of office, the person would have served, or but for resignation would have served, in that office for eight consecutive years. (b) The school board shall operate, control, and supervise all free public schools established by the district school board within the school district and determine the rate of school dis trict taxes within the limits prescribed herein. Two or more school districts may operate and finance joint educa tional programs. SECTION Civic literacy. As educa tion is essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people, the legislature shall provide by law for the promotion of civic literacy in order to ensure that students enrolled in public education understand and are prepared to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens of a constitutional republic. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Limitation on terms of office for members of a district school board.This section and the amendment to Section 4 of Article IX imposing term limits for the terms of office for mem bers of a district school board shall take effect on the date it is approved by the electorate, but no service in a term of office which commenced prior to November 6, 2018, will be counted against the limitation imposed by this amendment. NO. 9 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 7 ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 BALLOT TITLE: Prohibits Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling; Prohibits Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces BALLOT SUMMARY: Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the states outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-gen erating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local vapor ordinances. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 7. Natural resources and scenic beauty. (a) It shall be the policy of the state to conserve and protect its natural re sources and scenic beauty. Adequate provision shall be made by law for the abatement of air and water pollution and of excessive and unnecessary noise and for the conservation and protection of natural resources. (b) Those in the Everglades Agricul tural Area who cause water pollution within the Everglades Protection Area or the Everglades Agricultural Area shall be primarily responsible for paying the costs of the abatement of that pollution. For the purposes of this subsection, the terms Everglades Protection Area and Everglades Agricultural Area shall have the meanings as defined in statutes in effect on January 1, 1996. (c) To protect the people of Florida and their environment, drilling for exploration or extraction of oil or natural gas is prohibited on lands be neath all state waters which have not been alienated and that lie between the mean high water line and the outermost boundaries of the states territorial seas. This prohibition does not apply to the transportation of oil and gas products produced outside of such waters. This subsection is self-executing. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 20. Workplaces without tobacco smoke or vapor . (a) PROHIBITION. As a Florida health initiative to protect people from the health hazards of second-hand tobacco smoke and vapor tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-gener ating electronic devices are is prohib ited in enclosed indoor workplaces. This section does not preclude the adoption of ordinances that impose more restrictive regulation on the use of vapor-generating electronic devic es than is provided in this section. (b) EXCEPTIONS. As further explained in the definitions below, tobacco smoking and the use of vapor-generating electronic devices may be permitted in private resi dences whenever they are not being used commercially to provide child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof; and further may be permitted in retail tobacco shops, vapor-generating electronic device retailers, designated smoking guest rooms at hotels and other public lodging establishments; and stand-alone bars. However, nothing in this section or in its implementing legislation or regulations shall prohibit the owner, lessee, or other person in control of the use of an enclosed indoor workplace from further prohib iting or limiting smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices therein. (c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following words and terms shall have the stated meanings: (1) Smoking means inhaling, exhal ing, burning, carrying, or possessing any lighted tobacco product, including cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and any other lighted tobacco product. (2) Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), means smoke emitted from lighted, smoldering, or burning tobac co when the smoker is not inhaling; smoke emitted at the mouthpiece during puff drawing; and smoke exhaled by the smoker. (3) Work means any persons providing any employment or employment-type service for or at the request of another individual or individuals or any public or private entity, whether for compensation or not, whether full or part-time, whether legally or not. Work includes, with out limitation, any such service per formed by an employee, independent contractor, agent, partner, proprietor, manager, officer, director, apprentice, trainee, associate, servant, volunteer, and the like. (4) Enclosed indoor workplace means any place where one or more persons engages in work, and which place is predominantly or totally bounded on all sides and above by physical barriers, regardless of whether such barriers consist of or include uncovered openings, screened or otherwise partially covered openings; or open or closed windows, jalousies, doors, or the like. This section applies to all such enclosed indoor workplaces without regard to whether work is occurring at any given time. (5) Commercial use of a private res idence means any time during which the owner, lessee, or other person occupying or controlling the use of the private residence is furnishing in the private residence, or causing or allowing to be furnished in the private residence, child care, adult care, or health care, or any combination thereof, and receiving or expecting to receive compensation therefor. (6) Retail tobacco shop means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of tobacco, tobacco products, and ac cessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (7) Designated smoking guest rooms at public lodging establishments means the sleeping rooms and direct ly associated private areas, such as bathrooms, living rooms, and kitchen areas, if any, rented to guests for their exclusive transient occupancy in pub lic lodging establishments including hotels, motels, resort condominiums, transient apartments, transient lodg ing establishments, rooming houses, boarding houses, resort dwellings, bed and breakfast inns, and the like; and designated by the person or per sons having management authority over such public lodging establish ment as rooms in which smoking may be permitted. (8) Stand-alone bar means any place of business devoted during any time of operation predominantly or totally to serving alcoholic beverages, intoxicating beverages, or intoxicating liquors, or any combination thereof, for consumption on the licensed premises; in which the serving of food, if any, is merely incidental to the consumption of any such beverage; and that is not located within, and does not share any common entry way or common indoor area with, any other enclosed indoor workplace including any business for which the sale of food or any other product or service is more than an incidental source of gross revenue. (9) Vapor-generating electronic de vice means any product that employs an electronic, a chemical, or a me chanical means capable of producing vapor or aerosol from a nicotine product or any other substance, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product, any replacement cartridge for such device, and any other container of a solution or other substance intended to be used with or within an electronic cigarette, electronic cigar, electronic cigarillo, electronic pipe, or other similar device or product. (10) Vapor-generating electronic device retailer means any enclosed indoor workplace dedicated to or predominantly for the retail sale of va por-generating electronic devices and components, parts, and accessories for such products, in which the sale of other products or services is merely incidental. (d) LEGISLATION. In the next regular legislative session occurring after voter approval of this section or any amendment to this section amendment the Florida legislature shall adopt legislation to implement this section and any amendment to this section amendment in a manner consistent with its broad purpose and stated terms, and having an effective date no later than July 1 of the year following voter approval. Such legis lation shall include, without limitation, civil penalties for violations of this section; provisions for administrative enforcement; and the requirement and authorization of agency rules for implementation and enforcement. This section does not Nothing herein shall preclude the legislature from enacting any law constituting or allowing a more restrictive regulation of tobacco smoking or the use of vapor-generating electronic devices than is provided in this section. NO. 10 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE III, SECTION 3 ARTICLE IV, SECTIONS 4 AND 11 ARTICLE VIII, SECTIONS 1 AND 6 BALLOT TITLE: State and Local Government Struc ture and Operation BALLOT SUMMARY: Requires legislature to retain department of veterans affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual leg islative session commencement date in evennumbered years from March to January; removes legislatures authorization to fix another date. Cre ates office of domestic security and counterterrorism within department of law enforcement. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE III LEGISLATURE SECTION 3. Sessions of the legis lature. (a) ORGANIZATION SESSIONS. On the fourteenth day following each general election the legislature shall convene for the exclusive purpose of organization and selection of officers. (b) REGULAR SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each odd-numbered year, and on the second first Tuesday after the first Monday in January March, or such other date as may be fixed by law, of each even-numbered year. (c) SPECIAL SESSIONS. (1) The governor, by proclamation stating the purpose, may convene the legislature in special session during which only such legislative business may be transacted as is within the purview of the proclamation, or of a communication from the governor, or is introduced by consent of two-thirds of the membership of each house. (2) A special session of the legislature may be convened as provided by law. (d) LENGTH OF SESSIONS. A regular session of the legislature shall not exceed sixty consecutive days, and a special session shall not exceed twenty consecutive days, unless extended beyond such limit by a three-fifths vote of each house. During such an extension no new business may be taken up in either house without the consent of twothirds of its membership. (e) ADJOURNMENT. Neither house shall adjourn for more than seven ty-two consecutive hours except pursuant to concurrent resolution. (f) ADJOURNMENT BY GOVER NOR. If, during any regular or special session, the two houses cannot agree upon a time for adjournment, the gov ernor may adjourn the session sine die or to any date within the period authorized for such session; provided that, at least twenty-four hours before adjourning the session, and while neither house is in recess, each house shall be given formal written notice of the governors intention to do so, and agreement reached within that period by both houses on a time for adjournment shall prevail. ARTICLE IV EXECUTIVE SECTION 4. Cabinet. (a) There shall be a cabinet com posed of an attorney general, a chief financial officer, and a commissioner of agriculture. In addition to the powers and duties specified herein, they shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as may be prescribed by law. In the event of a tie vote of the governor and cabinet, the side on which the governor voted shall be deemed to prevail. (b) The attorney general shall be the chief state legal officer. There is created in the office of the attorney general the position of statewide prosecutor. The statewide prosecutor shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the state attorneys to prosecute violations of criminal laws occur ring or having occurred, in two or more judicial circuits as part of a related transaction, or when any such offense is affecting or has affected two or more judicial circuits as pro vided by general law. The statewide prosecutor shall be appointed by the attorney general from not less than three persons nominated by the judicial nominating commission for the supreme court, or as otherwise provided by general law. (c) The chief financial officer shall serve as the chief fiscal officer of the state, and shall settle and approve accounts against the state, and shall keep all state funds and securities. (d) The commissioner of agriculture shall have supervision of matters pertaining to agriculture except as otherwise provided by law. (e) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, and the attorney gen eral shall constitute the state board of administration, which shall succeed to all the power, control, and authority of the state board of administration established pursuant to Article IX, Section 16 of the Constitution of 1885, and which shall continue as a body at least for the life of Article XII, Section 9(c). (f) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the trustees of the internal improvement trust fund and the land acquisition trust fund as provided by law. (g) The governor as chair, the chief financial officer, the attorney general, and the commissioner of agriculture shall constitute the agency head of the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism is created within the Department of Law Enforcement. The Office of Domestic Security and Counterterrorism shall provide support for prosecutors and federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that investigate or analyze information relating to attempts or acts of terrorism or that prosecute terrorism, and shall perform any other duties that are provided by law. SECTION 11. Department of Veter ans Veterans Affairs.The legisla ture, by general law, shall provide for a may provide for the establishment of the Department of Veterans Veter ans Affairs and prescribe its duties. The head of the department is the governor and cabinet ARTICLE VIII LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECTION 1. Counties. (a) POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS. The state shall be divided by law into political subdivisions called counties. Counties may be created, abolished or changed by law, with provision for payment or apportionment of the public debt. (b) COUNTY FUNDS. The care, custody and method of disbursing county funds shall be provided by general law. (c) GOVERNMENT. Pursuant to gen eral or special law, a county govern ment may be established by charter which shall be adopted, amended or repealed only upon vote of the elec tors of the county in a special election called for that purpose. (d) COUNTY OFFICERS. There shall be elected by the electors of each county, for terms of four years, a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, and a clerk of the circuit court; except, when provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors of the county, any county officer may be chosen in another manner therein specified, or any county office may be abolished when all the duties of the office pre scribed by general law are transferred to another office Unless When not otherwise provided by county charter or special law approved by vote of the electors or pursuant to Article V, sec tion 16 the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder and custodian of all county funds. Notwithstanding subsection 6(e) of this article, a county charter may not abolish the office of a sheriff, a tax collector, a property appraiser, a supervisor of elections, or a clerk of the circuit court; transfer the duties of those officers to another officer or office; change the length of the four-year term of office; or establish any manner of selection other than by election by the electors of the county. (e) COMMISSIONERS. Except when otherwise provided by county charter, the governing body of each county shall be a board of county commis sioners composed of five or seven members serving staggered terms of four years. After each decennial census the board of county commis sioners shall divide the county into districts of contiguous territory as nearly equal in population as prac ticable. One commissioner residing in each district shall be elected as provided by law. (f) NON-CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Counties not operating under county charters shall have such power of self-government as is provided by general or special law. The board of county commissioners of a county not operating under a charter may enact, in a manner prescribed by general law, county ordinances not inconsistent with general or special law, but an ordinance in conflict with a municipal ordinance shall not be effective within the municipality to the extent of such conflict. (g) CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Coun ties operating under county charters shall have all powers of local self-gov ernment not inconsistent with general law, or with special law approved by vote of the electors. The governing body of a county operating under a charter may enact county ordinances not inconsistent with general law. The charter shall provide which shall pre vail in the event of conflict between county and municipal ordinances. (h) TAXES; LIMITATION. Property situate within municipalities shall not be subject to taxation for services rendered by the county exclusively for the benefit of the property or resi dents in unincorporated areas. (i) COUNTY ORDINANCES. Each county ordinance shall be filed with the custodian of state records and shall become effective at such time thereafter as is provided by general law. (j) VIOLATION OF ORDINANCES. Persons violating county ordinances shall be prosecuted and punished as provided by law. (k) COUNTY SEAT. In every county there shall be a county seat at which shall be located the principal offices and permanent records of all county officers. The county seat may not be moved except as provided by general law. Branch offices for the conduct of county business may be established elsewhere in the county by resolution of the governing body of the county in the manner prescribed by law. No instrument shall be deemed recorded until filed at the county seat, or a branch office designated by the governing body of the county for the recording of instruments, according to law. SECTION 6. Schedule to Article VIII. (a) This article shall replace all of Article VIII of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, except those sections expressly retained and made a part of this article by reference. (b) COUNTIES; COUNTY SEATS; MUNICIPALITIES; DISTRICTS. The status of the following items as they exist on the date this article becomes effective is recognized and shall be continued until changed in accordance with law: the counties of the state; their status with respect to the legality of the sale of intoxicating liquors, wines and beers; the method of selection of county officers; the performance of municipal functions by county officers; the county seats; and the municipalities and special districts of the state, their powers, jurisdiction and government. (c) OFFICERS TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE. Every person holding office when this article becomes effective shall continue in office for the remain der of the term if that office is not abolished. If the office is abolished the incumbent shall be paid adequate compensation, to be fixed by law, for the loss of emoluments for the remainder of the term. (d) ORDINANCES. Local laws relat ing only to unincorporated areas of a county on the effective date of this article may be amended or repealed by county ordinance. (e) CONSOLIDATION AND HOME RULE. Article VIII, Sections 9, 10, 11 and 24, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall remain in full force and effect as to each county affected, as if this article had not been adopt ed, until that county shall expressly adopt a charter or home rule plan pursuant to this article. All provisions of the Metropolitan Dade County Home Rule Charter, heretofore or hereafter adopted by the electors of Dade County pursuant to Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended, shall be valid, and any amendments to such charter shall be valid; provided that the said provisions of such charter and the said amendments thereto are autho rized under said Article VIII, Section 11, of the Constitution of 1885, as amended. (f) DADE COUNTY; POWERS CON FERRED UPON MUNICIPALITIES. To the extent not inconsistent with the powers of existing municipalities or general law, the Metropolitan Government of Dade County may exercise all the powers conferred now or hereafter by general law upon municipalities. (g) SELECTION AND DUTIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. (1) Except as provided in this subsec tion, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 5, 2021, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitu tional officers in 2020. (2) For Miami-Dade County and Broward County, the amendment to Section 1 of this article, relating to the selection and duties of county officers, shall take effect January 7, 2025, but shall govern with respect to the qualifying for and the holding of the primary and general elections for county constitutional officers in 2024. (h) (g) DELETION OF OBSOLETE SCHEDULE ITEMS. The legislature shall have power, by joint resolu tion, to delete from this article any subsection of this Section 6, including this subsection, when all events to which the subsection to be deleted is or could become applicable have occurred. A legislative determination of fact made as a basis for application of this subsection shall be subject to judicial review. NO. 11 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE I, SECTION 2 ARTICLE X, SECTIONS 9 AND 19 BALLOT TITLE: Property Rights; Removal of Obsolete Provision; Criminal Statutes BALLOT SUMMARY: Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Re moves obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime com mitted before the repeal of a criminal statute. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE I DECLARATION OF RIGHTS SECTION 2. Basic rights.All natural persons, female and male alike, are equal before the law and have inalien able rights, among which are the right to enjoy and defend life and liberty, to pursue happiness, to be rewarded for industry, and to acquire, possess and protect property ; except that the ownership, inheritance, disposition and possession of real property by aliens ineligible for citizenship may be regulated or prohibited by law No person shall be deprived of any right because of race, religion, national origin, or physical disability. ARTICLE X MISCELLANEOUS SECTION 9. Repeal of criminal statutes.Repeal or amendment of a criminal statute shall not affect prosecution or punishment for any crime previously committed before such repeal SECTION 19. Repealed High speed ground transportation system.To reduce traffic congestion and provide alternatives to the traveling public, it is hereby declared to be in the public interest that a high speed ground transportation system consisting of a monorail, fixed guideway or magnetic levitation system, capable of speeds in excess of 120 miles per hour, be developed and operated in the State of Florida to provide high speed ground transportation by innovative, efficient and effective technologies consisting of dedicated rails or guideways separated from motor vehicular traffic that will link the five largest urban areas of the State as determined by the Legislature and provide for access to existing air and ground transportation facilities and services. The Legislature, the Cabinet and the Governor are hereby directed to proceed with the development of such a system by the State and/or by a private entity pursuant to state approval and authorization, including the acquisition of right-of-way, the financing of design and construction of the system, and the operation of the system, as provided by spe cific appropriation and by law, with construction to begin on or before November 1, 2003 NO. 12 CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION ARTICLE II, SECTION 8 ARTICLE V, SECTION 13 ARTICLE XII, NEW SECTION BALLOT TITLE: Lobbying and Abuse of Office by Public Officers BALLOT SUMMARY: Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. FULL TEXT: ARTICLE II GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 8. Ethics in government. A public office is a public trust. The people shall have the right to secure and sustain that trust against abuse. To assure this right: (a) All elected constitutional officers and candidates for such offices and, as may be determined by law, other public officers, candidates, and employees shall file full and public disclosure of their financial interests. (b) All elected public officers and candidates for such offices shall file full and public disclosure of their campaign finances. (c) Any public officer or employee who breaches the public trust for private gain and any person or entity inducing such breach shall be liable to the state for all financial benefits obtained by such actions. The manner of recovery and additional damages may be provided by law. (d) Any public officer or employee who is convicted of a felony involving a breach of public trust shall be sub ject to forfeiture of rights and privileg es under a public retirement system or pension plan in such manner as may be provided by law. (e) No member of the legislature or statewide elected officer shall personally represent another person or entity for compensation before the government body or agency of which the individual was an officer or mem ber for a period of two years following vacation of office. No member of the legislature shall personally represent another person or entity for compen sation during term of office before any state agency other than judicial tribunals. Similar restrictions on other public officers and employees may be established by law. (f)(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term public officer means a statewide elected officer, a member of the legislature, a county commis sioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or county charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, an elected special district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority, or a person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government. (2) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the federal government, the legisla ture, any state government body or agency, or any political subdivision of this state, during his or her term of office. (3) A public officer shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement for a period of six years after vacation of public position, as follows: a. A statewide elected officer or member of the legislature shall not lobby the legislature or any state government body or agency. b. A person serving as a secretary, an executive director, or other agency head of a department of the executive branch of state government shall not lobby the legislature, the governor, the executive office of the governor, members of the cabinet, a depart ment that is headed by a member of the cabinet, or his or her former department. c. A county commissioner, a county officer pursuant to Article VIII or coun ty charter, a school board member, a superintendent of schools, an elected municipal officer, or an elected spe cial district officer in a special district with ad valorem taxing authority shall not lobby his or her former agency or governing body. (4) This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit a public officer from carrying out the duties of his or her public office. (5) The legislature may enact legis lation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. (g) (f) There shall be an independent commission to conduct investigations and make public reports on all com plaints concerning breach of public trust by public officers or employees not within the jurisdiction of the judi cial qualifications commission. (h)(1) (g) A code of ethics for all state employees and nonjudicial officers prohibiting conflict between public duty and private interests shall be prescribed by law. (2) A public officer or public employee shall not abuse his or her public posi tion in order to obtain a disproportion ate benefit for himself or herself; his or her spouse, children, or employer; or for any business with which he or she contracts; in which he or she is an officer, a partner, a director, or a proprietor; or in which he or she owns an interest. The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule in accordance with statutory procedures governing administrative rulemaking, define the term disproportionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of this prohibition for purposes of enforcing this para graph. Appropriate penalties shall be prescribed by law. (i) (h) This section shall not be con strued to limit disclosures and prohi bitions which may be established by law to preserve the public trust and avoid conflicts between public duties and private interests. (j) (i) ScheduleOn the effective date of this amendment and until changed by law: (1) Full and public disclosure of financial interests shall mean filing with the custodian of state records by July 1 of each year a sworn statement showing net worth and identifying each asset and liability in excess of $1,000 and its value together with one of the following: a. A copy of the persons most recent federal income tax return; or b. A sworn statement which identifies each separate source and amount of income which exceeds $1,000. The forms for such source disclosure and the rules under which they are to be filed shall be prescribed by the independent commission established in subsection (g) (f) and such rules shall include disclosure of secondary sources of income. (2) Persons holding statewide elective offices shall also file disclosure of their financial interests pursuant to paragraph (1) subsection (i)(1) (3) The independent commission provided for in subsection (g) (f) shall mean the Florida Commission on Ethics. ARTICLE V JUDICIARY SECTION 13. Ethics in the judiciary Prohibited activities . (a) All justices and judges shall devote full time to their judicial duties. A jus tice or judge They shall not engage in the practice of law or hold office in any political party. (b) A former justice or former judge shall not lobby for compensation on issues of policy, appropriations, or procurement before the legislative or executive branches of state govern ment for a period of six years after he or she vacates his or her judicial po sition. The legislature may enact leg islation to implement this subsection, including, but not limited to, defining terms and providing penalties for vio lations. Any such law shall not contain provisions on any other subject. ARTICLE XII SCHEDULE Prohibitions regarding lobbying for compensation and abuse of public position by public officers and public employees.The amendments to Section 8 of Article II and Section 13 of Article V shall take effect December 31, 2022; except that the amendments to Section 8(h) of Article II shall take effect December 31, 2020, and: (a) The Florida Commission on Ethics shall, by rule, define the term dispro portionate benefit and prescribe the requisite intent for finding a violation of the prohibition again