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dates or sequential designation Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 21, 1890)-
Editor: Jno. M. Caldwell, <1890>.
Publisher: W.L. Whitfield, <1904>.
funding Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
mods:publisher F.M. DeGraffenried
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mods:dateIssued marc 1890-
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mods:dateCreated July 11, 1890
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mods:caption 1890
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mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Jasper (Fla.)
Hamilton County (Fla.)
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The Jasper news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028306/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Jasper news
Uniform Title: Jasper news (Jasper, Fla.)
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: F.M. DeGraffenried
Place of Publication: Jasper Fla
Creation Date: July 11, 1890
Publication Date: 1890-
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Jasper (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Hamilton County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Hamilton -- Jasper
Coordinates: 30.518889 x -82.951111 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 21, 1890)-
General Note: Editor: Jno. M. Caldwell, <1890>.
General Note: Publisher: W.L. Whitfield, <1904>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000579542
oclc - 33315707
notis - ADA7388
lccn - sn 95047198
System ID: UF00028306:00001

Full Text


lands (exhibit 34) the commissioner of t
agriculture certifies that the state never I
had but 908,000 of school lands and the de-
partment still holds 415,000 acres.
I file exhibit 35 (report of the state treas- I
urer for 1890) showing that he holds for the j
school fund $555,000, nearly all for the sale
of school lands; yet Call says that all were (
sold and the proceeds paid upon the Flor- I
ida railroads. Treasurer L'Engle's report
for 1881 and 1882 shows $1,000,000 received
for 4,000,000 acres, which Call says was
paid on the Florida railroad; $900,OOU
was paid to the Pensacola & Geor- h
gua railroad indebtedness, a road which
Senator Call first bought, and whose land
grant the senator claimed, which he swore
to in his bill in chancery. It was a rail-.
road which Mr. Call and others made pay-
ment for with a bogus check, which was
never paid as shown by the Record, which k
I file as exhibit 36 3-4, and which Mr; Lit-
tlefield manipulated under a charter ob-
tained "for fraudulent purposes, forbidden
by public policy and hurtful to public
'morals," as shown upon pages 32 and 34 of
this bill in chancery, which I file as exhibit
36 1-14. It was the railroad upon which
Mr. Call,after making such grave charges,
compromised the rights of the state and
people, and for his treachery received
$8,000 less 5 per cent (see the record of the
suit in chancery, Sanderson vs. L'Engle
and others, exhibit 36 1-2).
Senator Call ordered one thousand
resolutions for his use in lobbying, which
he tried to make the state pay for, and pay
one-half himself, which the state did not
pay. He was threatened with expulsion
from the senate for disreputable methods
in the lobby.,
Col. Whitfield Walker told me that Call
held up his confirmation for six months
because he would not submit to dictation
in the appointment of subordinates. Mr.
Call's high sense of honor was illustrated
4in his speech at Pensacola, when he read a
letter purporting to be a letter
to the editor of the TIMES-UNION,
which was never published, and which the
editor did not know that he had, r _
shown by Col. C. E. Merrill's letter. 'It
was a letter from Hill, who charged me
with conspiring to defame Call. I never
saw Hill in my life, so help me God I
I file exhibit 38, a 'letter addressed to an
acquaintance-not to myself-from Hill,
in which he proposes for $1,000 to disgrace
Senator Call in the senate and send him to
the penitentiary if given to the grand jury.
This is from the same man whose letter
Senator Call used in the Pensacola speech,
and it never saw the light of day, and
would not see it now but for the circum-
stances calling forth the letter used at
In the Congressional Record of March 13,
1890 (which I file as exhibit 39) is a speech
from Senator Call in which he presents a
joint resolution of the legislature of Flor-
ida, which he says did not become a law,
but received a majority of the votes of
both houses of the legislature. In the ap-
pendix of the speech is house resolution
No. 27, which passed the house at Talla-
hassee by default; and in the senate the
first resolution was cut out and the second
was ordered in that way and sent back to
the house. It never did pass both houses
of the legislature. (Exhibit 40, journal of
the state senate.)
In exhibit 30 Mr. Call says that 500,000
acres of internal improvement fund lands
were given to the P. & A. railroad, which
is unqualifiedly false, as everybody
knows that they were dedicated to
bonded counties. (Certificate of
the commisainer of agriculture,
exhibit 41). Mr. Call at one time, as
shown in the Congressional Record of
March 31, 1888, submitted a resolution that
a special committee of five senators be ap-
pointed who shall inquire whether it is
essential that suits shall be brought by the
United States to cancel certain patents of
the state of Florida. I file the Record, ex-
ibt4,in which Mr.. Call says: "No one
assfor any predis to set aside anyJ
patents."e Then in an explanation he
quotes my quotation, but omitted the es-
sence of his remarks, and leaves off this
clause, addressing Mr. Dolph. Why does
he engage in that long discussion about
the 11,000,000 acres confirmed in 1857. when
no one has ever asked that it be interfered
with? Why do you allude to the
.500,000 acres patented, which no one
*has asked here to be interfered with?
The senator omitted this clause of his
speech. In exhibit 1 Call refers to worth-.
less quit claim titles. I file exhibits 45 and
46, certificate of the clerk of Walton county,
that all the deeds of the P. & A. railroad
are warranty deeds.
He refuses to comply with the instruct,
lions of the legislature to support the bill
to reimburse Florida for the sale of swamp
and overflowed lands by the general gov-
ernment, saying that it would tax the
fanners--a position sally in the extreme.
Mr. Call's efforts have not been to carry
out the law, but to prove that the decisions
of the supreme court are indefensible, as
expressed in his speech of April 7,1886.. In
his speech of February 28, 1890, he goes off
on a new track, claiming that this de-
cision does not touch the Florida case.
Senator Call introduced senate bill 871,
which Commissioner Sparks, who detests
a corporation with his whole heart and
soul, sttgmatized as inconsistent, being
calculated to increaseea grant, which it
was proposed to forfeit. (Exhibit No. 50.)
I charge deception in Mr. Call's claim
that settlers on the railroad lands are in-
debted to him for their hgmes, as it is not
true Senate executive document, No. 911,
shows that the Florida railroads waved
title to over 80,000 acres occupied by set.
tiers. Never having passed a single word
of law on the land service of eleven years,
She has no more power to aid settlers than
any other man. In his speech of January
15 and February 28 (exhibit No. 39), he tells
of Mr. George F. BullarcL He says that
This young man, with his small family, is
. met with a demand and threats of suit for

' $4,000, and his life is threatened with gloom
r for years. The only mention of $4,000 in
. his letter, as published as a part of Mr.
Call's speech (exhibit 39), is as follows:
) "The Florida Railway and Navigation
. company now charges me $800 for ft, and
i it having been improved to the amount of
. $4,000,1 presume there is no alternative
* but to pay the money or defend my title."
Mr. Call mentions in one of his speeches
f the case of a man in western Florida, care-
: fully concealing his home. I file exhibit
173 (Record March 3, 1887) In which Mr.
Daws says in the senate that the navy
yard at Pensacola seems dismantled en-
s tirely by that amendment. The appropria-
tions for the navy yard at Pensacola were
stricken out at the request of the senator
from Florida. He states that under the
p present maUagement all these places in
Florida have been filled by northern part%
I iesj imported.
Our senator objected to northern parties
_ being sent to the Pensacola yard. and not
i having sufficient influence with the admin-
istration, he dismantled the yard. One of
j those employes had been in the position
I only live years, one ten years and one thinr
* ty years. as shown in exhibit No. 86.
1 The Reply of nenator Call.
r Fellow Citizens of DeSoio County:
I have a feeling of the most profound
pride and gratitude to this noble people,
I the true representatives of American self-
I government (cheers); that tried and Inde-
I pendent American opinion, which makes a
people capable of self-government, trium-
phant over fraud, wrong and public de.
) moralization. I thanked you In my ab-
9 senoe, who at Ft. Myers and everywhere
e throughout this state, placed the stamp of
B your private indignation and contempt
* upon the men who would debase and de-
r grade the homes and morals of the people.
I (Cheers.) What. is the difference between
this person here, who stands as my assail-
ant, and myself? Judge men. by their
f surroundings and who they are and
, what they represent. I am a pub-
V Hle servant. Whether I am good
a or bad, I have no iptereste. but those which
are the interests of this people. How
stands my assailant here? What is be the
r representative of? Does he represent any
I claim of ownership of the soil of this state
m of Florida? Does he representfa corpora-
1 tion and corporate power? Does he repre-
f sent a power, which taxes your bard earn-
t ings and takes from you the products of
k your soil in transportation rates? (cheers)
Is there no public servant of this Amer-
ican people who will btand against the
A *,non_ ul6^ svi _k*&,n__J__ +.16, f-_aJo &_A

the rights of the people and the values of
home.? And is this person a representative
of those interests and those ideas, or am I?
And which is likely to be the peoples' friend
I, without a penny's interest, or he, a stran-
ger here to assail me? Three times in my
life, spent here in Florida, I have been the
choice of the people of the state of Florida
for the senate of the United States. My
life has been spent here; and he is the rep-
resentative of a corporation and a land
And the charges. Let us look at them. I
steal a negro's home !-it is published in
a book sent all over this county that I tried
to steal a negro's home (laughter) of sixty
acres. Ah, these men cannot understand
that a man may be actuated by a motive
of propriety and charity and at the same
time exercise a legal right. What incon-
sistency in you or meif yoV have a wid-
owed sister who has a legal and valid
claim, in making and exercising your
right to apply for a homestead upon the
public lands of this country, if you propose
not only to comply with the law, but also
to protect her against an illegal appro-
priation of her rights? Does a man swear
to a lie when it is now, and has always
been, my intention to, acquire a home
upon that piece of land? I
don't know anywhere else in the years to
come, when I retire from congress-which
won't be as the dictation of Mr. Chipley. It
won't be as the dictation of any corporation i
or any land grant robber (cheers). It is
my intention, unless some of you good I
people here will give me a home, to ac- 1
quire a homestead still upon that piece of
land. He charges me with false swearing,
because I swore that, if the government
granted me that land, I should take it for
a home provided the government's title was
a good one and correct, and was not home-
steaded. What false swearing was, that? I
I will swear to it to-day. I vas honest in
doing that, and at the same time protect- 4
ing a widowed sister's right, if perchance
the law should say that her title under
the Spanish grant was imperfect. Can
you conceive that a man should
charge another with perjury and
falsehood upon such foundation as-that?
They now say that it was not my intention
because I said in my statement, as I say
again, that I was moved to exercise my
legal right to protect a widowed sister's
property; couldn't I exercise it and live
upon the land and intend to live upon it?
What is the motive of men who charge
me with perjury upon such foundation as
that? What is false swearing? What
does the holy word say? "Thou shall not
bear false witness against thy neighbor."
Is false swearing in the interest of your
neighbor, to swear to a lie, because he
swore that he intended to make his home
for his exclusive use and occupation upon I
a piece of the public land, because he has
his home in another place and has not
changed it? It is too absurd; that is not the
meaning of it. This person did not i
originate it. Oh no. It came from Syd-
ney I. Wailes (cheers). Years ago, before
my last election to the senate of the United
States, tke old charges, all except this
Bank of Norfolk business, have been ven%
tilated by the same parties and published I
in newspapers in Washington ,by hived j
correspondents. Mr. S. I. WailesI have
stated, started this and all these other sto-
ries. The homestead oath is that you
swear as read there. You don't swear that,
if the government doesn't give it to you,
you intend to live upon it. I have not
been upon the land. I am still maintain-j
ing suit before court about the correctness
of the survey, and my application for it.
If I get it and don't change my mind, as I
have a right to do; and the law allows
every man upon an application for a home-
stead for the purpose'of living upon it for
his own exclusive use and benefit that he
is at perfect liberty the day after to aban-
don it, I shall occupy it. He doesn't swear
that he won't change his mind or his busi-
ness. I think that is enough about this
homestead business.
Colonel Chipley has read you a long list
of charges against me, false statements; I
am a gross liar, and a gross fool; he is a
great man. Behold,him this image-breaker'l
Look at him, this magnificent manipula-
tor! And this great book (Cheers)
Why, if there is a piney woods boy here
who could not get up a better lie than that
in better language, better sense, and better
grammar, I would whip him if I was his
schoolmaster. (Cheers) The idea of
accusing a man of false i swearing because
he said in making an application that he
always had it in mind and was moved
thereto to benefit a widowed sister who,
he thought, had a better claim to the
property That Is all stuff, that about the
old negro.
A house is portrayed here in this book.
Well, I don't own a house, I don't own a
piece of a house in Washington City, nor a
brick or a house anywhere, but I have a
dear, sweet, little wife, a lovely woman,
who has attended me in my trials in life
with that beautiful and glorious affection
which makes us honor the noble women of
this country. She had a little property in
Jacksonville coming to her in an honor-
able, just and proper way, not by the sale
of a poor man's Home; she had a little
home honestly derived by title from those
who had the right to give it to her. Bhe
borrowed in Jacksonville of men who had
money to loau a little money that was
necessary to make payment upon a house
of modest dimensions there in Wash-
ington, not half as good as she ought to
have or any of you ladies. And Uhere it
stands with a mortgage on it for the pay-
ments on the house. Old Lem Owens, my
Cracker friend, when he saw this beautiful
and moving picture in this book--which I
think will be a monument to the gentleman
who was hired to write it--1 will not do Mr.
Chipley the injustice to believe that
he could not write a better book
than that; 1 would not do any of
you the injustice to think that
you could not write better--old Lem says:
"LOok at the picture in this book!" And

I think they sent one to every senator in
the United States (a voIce-- have half a
dozen) tn show what a desperate fool this
man has found out that I am. "Has Wilk
got three houses there?" asked old Lem.
This makes out three houses. I am a poor
man, and I thank God I am poor; but it is
honest poverty, and I said to old Lem:
."Thank God, no; but every Cracker will
have a good shelter there when he goes to
Washington." That little home, not like
the gasping robber of the land grant, who,
under false pretenses assails the people's
friend, who interposes his public life
against his spoliation of the great public
domain of the state (as I charge this man
with); but this house, honestly obtained by
a poor but honest man, has been, as it is
aud will be, a shelter of every honest piney
woods Cracker, his wife and daughter,
who will accept Its hospitality.
Chipley says that my blundering speech
caused the defeat of Mr. Hartridge. Now
I want to read you a little letter:
"DEAR SIR-At your request, and hav-
ing been Informed by you that the state-
ment had been made that you were luke-
warm in your support of the confirmation
of John E. Hartrdge as Judge of the
United States district court of the north%
ern district of Florida, I state that you did
everything that could be done, that you
were constant in your efforts to obtain it.
Signed, M. C. QUAY."
That is the republican upon whose sup-
port Mr. Hartridge relied for confirm&-
tion. Here is a letter from Senator
George, a member of the oommitte, and
one from Senator Pugh, in which they
state the same things There is one repub-
lican and two democrats. Theme two
democratic and one republican senator
certify that I was in no way responsible,
and everything was done that bould be
done, and it was impossible to obtain
Bartridge's confirmation; and I am ar-
raigned here for my blundering speech
that it failed to get Hartridge's oonflrma
Let us go a little further; let us look at
the Bank of Norfolk business a little, and
I shall not detain you any great length of
time on that. Let us read a little aboutit.
Mr. Chipley say that I am a very bad
man. Here is a letter from a man entitled
to some respect. "May 14, 18M
"In regard to the Post Combination
Sewing company, I became a purchaser at
the same time as yourself and the Itock
was depreciated. The stock had become
depreciated by bad management and WM
&MA n. _tv

connection with the company was entirely
honorable and above board, and my only
regret is that the depreciation of the stock
prevented our realizing on it.
"Signed, M. C. BUTLER."
No one will deny the statement of this
gallant one-leggea Confederate soldier, a
representative of South Carolina, whose
wgrd has never been questioned. And yet
I am arraignedbere by this miserable pam-
phlet. I place Mr. Butler's statement
against Mr. Chipley's. Make your own
comment. Here is another letter :
"Having learned that you had been
charged with improper action with the
Exchange National bank, I would state
that I have been respectively secretary and
treasurer of said sewing machine company.
In justice to yourself we beg to give the
facts in the case. At the time you placed
your stock with the said Ex-
change National bank you paid cash
at $30 per share; afterwards it
went up to $40 per. share,, and was
in demand at that price. After your stock'
was placed with the bank, all future as-
sessments were paid by it. The entire re-
mainder of the stock being unpaid was
placed in the hands of Mr. Whiteman,
president of the Exchange National bank.
You had no connection with the cause of
its failure; you neither claimed stock, nor
paid for it, nor received it, nor was it
issued in your name. Signed by the secret&
tary and treasurer of the company."
And yet I am arraigned here by this per-
son for having told a lie about all these
things. # Captain Littlefield, the secretary
and treasurer, who signed the above letter,
was a gallant sailor of the Confederate
navy, who .distinguished himself in the
fight between the Monitor and the Merri,
mac. His name is a synonym of honor,
truth and purity everywhere. I place that
by the side of Colonel Chipley's. (Cheers).
You can make your own comparison. He
enclosed me this note:
"August 18, 1889-1 desire to obtain from
you some information as to the Post Com-
bination sewing machine company, of
which you are secretary. Please advise
me by postal card to the above address
when and where it would be convenient to
have an interview. The information I ask
is private and for private use only." *
I have no doubt that Hill wrote thatI
letter saying that for $1,000 he would dis-
close something to send me to the peniten.
tiary, and -would have got Chipley's $1,000
and sent me to the penitentiary. Must we
try men on evidence? How, came it that
Hill should be making propositions of this
kind, the perjurer and slanderer, or his
confederate, Mr. Wailes? How came it
that he should offer Mr. Chipley and his
associates to send me to the penitentary
for $1,000? Don't you suppose he knew
they wanted to do it. Hill was a pretty
aood smaller, and he smelt them ouE Let
us find a little confirmatory evidence. I
said to you, 1 think, that I convicted Mr.
Chipley before a Pensacola jury of being a
confederate of Mr. Wailes in this defama-
tion of me simply from my protecting the
people of Middle and South Florida in
their homes on the public domain. Let
us see. Some people bave got a
little sense. I am not the biggest
fool in the world. I think there
is one bigger than I am. Here
is a letter that- I will read:
"WASHINGTON, June 14,1890.
"On the 14th of last August I received a
letter from Mr. Nat Tyler requesting to see
me in regard to the Post Combination Sew-
ing Machine companyof which I was sec-
retary, I called at Mr. Tyler's. and he asked
several questions about the company's
affairs. He stated that he would be candid
with me and state to me his object.
That some Florida papers were making
war on you and that he was employed to
write you up- and that, as you had connec-
tion with the Post Combination Sewing
Machine company, he wanted information.
I regret this unwarranted attack upon you
and therefore advise you of it."
What were the papers? You have heard
of that sheet in Pensacola called the Pen-
sacola News, sent gratis to all the mem-
bers of the legislature. I guarantee that
J ohn Hendry has seen it. Another in Tal-
lahassee, the Floridian; another in Ocala.
Do they represent the people? Do you see
them taking up the 'violated homestead?
Do you see them taxing up the misappro-
priated public land in the interest of cor-
porations? Do you see Colonel Chipley do
that? (A voice--No, sir). I take it that
Colonel Chipley is the Pensacola News;
and I take it furthermore that the people
controlling these papers are the people
who wanted Mr. Tyler to write me up;
and I take it that tnfe proof is pretty good.
And now comes the confirmation of Mr.
Tyler's letter to Mr. Littlefleld. They
don't do this for nothing. This book
costs something. I think that is a
pretty good way to answer this sort of
attack. -
Let us go a little further. What do you
want to take up now 1 What are these
charges? They say I am a fool. You must
judge and judge by this written testimony
that he has made here to-day. What are
the charges? The Swatm business. It is a
falsehoo--false from beginning to end, as
is this book; its quotations, punctuation
marks, its intentions, its purposes are un-
true. I made an honest application for a
homestead, I had a right to.
As to the Norfolk bank, why, I had a
right to invest or obtain without invest-
ment interest in that property. If it was a
failure, it was not my fault I had a right
to defend myself against the bank when it
failed .It is no impceahment of my integ-
rity as asserted by these gentlemen.
I was not to blame for the John Hart-
ridge failure. He said that I made some
foolish speech about 900,000 acres of land.
He don't know anything about it; he is
ignorant of it. A 'man who has been a
tittle railroad transportation agent all his
life is not very apt to be the best and meet
educated man for the duties of the United
States senate. Let me tell you what I said
in the senate. I stated in the semate--aud

I say now that I have proof that every
word I uttered was true: The larger part
of the school fund, which was the school
land sold and invested and now resting
in the bonded debt of the state of Florida
as a tax upon this people, a sinking fund
on these old rislrord bonds, was
partially the creation of the invest-
ment, which has been sold for
the indebtedness of those old oopora-
tions by order of Judge Wood, and I be-
lieve are now dead: and that was the sub-
stance of my statement in the senate, and
I believe they are now put in the taxes for
the funded indebtedness of the state by
that investment in the school fund. What
was I doing it for? To increase the educa-
tional facilities of these people; to claim
that these old corporations should be made
to pay instead of taking this old grant
from the territory; that they should I*
made to pay to the educational fund-to thf
children of the state nearly a million of
dollars, which I affirm Jsinow ts lawfully
demandable from them without an agree-
ment. In eeking to add o-theeduca-
tional facilities of the children, was it
wrong for 0 to secure it for the people's
Interests in So respects?
Colonel Chipley says that he has the
honor and glory of building a railroad,
which I tried to build. I never tried to
build any road in my life; I never had any
interest in a railroad In my life of any
kind. But I will tell you whatt ocured,
and let us se; for I don't believe he ever
wrote this book. and I do him the credit to
think that he can write a little bett than
this miserable thing. In 18eM (eery y
knows it. John Hendry known it to be o.
Plenty of witnesses hirm I need not stop
to read documents. I have sated it a
thousand times), the Pemsacola and
Georgia railroad, which was not
not Dompleted, only finishedpart of the
way waa advertised for .sae. The law re-
quhrd that the trustees should not sell it
until it was completed. It was not oom-
pleted, and they advertised It for sale.
They had taxed tM people a nd -_ .on. oiut-
ed a lamc dabt Which was a claim upon
the raioad. No old cidsxnaot Florida
had been stockholders in Isand theypaid
their money out. I had no interest whaty
ever in It. A radical xovuuent was tak-
Ing place In the state, a&d it was huh
in the town of JacksonvUlle where I Ited
to be advisable, if posdb*e to retain the
oontrol of this property in t i*hands of the
original stockholde= Jame" M. Baker,
the puret man in the tate, or out atd
the moat leaned JudZe the meCA pure a
hanmi--.d ll--- i as s JAMn "blllk.

men of highest consideration and large
means who were connected with him in
this sewing machine company. The com-
pany is all right; but in this exhibit (No.
1) he states that men of high consideration
and large means were connected with him.
Mr. Call's effort to rob the negro of his
home has been made public matter by the
senator's own publication, and the insinu-
ations made in his letter filed as an ex-
hibit. He endeavored to obtain the land
of a negro by making a homestead entry
after the negro had pre-empted his home
and lived on it over seven years. I file
as exhibit No. 20, Secretary Chandler's
voucher document of July 1, 1889, in which
it is stated that Swaim filed pre-emption
with regular papers. More than' a year
later W. Call made homestead entry. The
land office sustained Swaimy Afterwards
Secretary Johnson Joslyn reversed this de-
cision. May 21, _885, Agent Crawford
reports Call's entry improper. Call
says in his appeal that the negroe'slot
comprised less than half of Call's entry.
The decision recites that Call's own evi-
dence shows that there was no threats of
violence'from Swaim, and that the only
resistance was from an old woman. It
further recites that Call commened his
contest thirteen days before he had made
entry. It further recites that Call made no
claim for it on the other half of which he
might establish his homestead. Call says
that his kinsman rented land to Swaim.
Of'course, he could not rent this land
which belonged to the government. He
will tell you about erroneous boundaries;
but the government does not say that the
boundaries are wrong,. and Mr. Call's
statements are absurd. His own ac& in
making an entry shows that it was state
land. I file as an exhibit a certificate that
this land is surveyed. Here it is. He said.
in exhibit No 1 that Secretary Teller finally
decided Swaim's claim to be invalid, and
this is shown to be untrue. Acting Secre-
tary Joslyn did allow such decision to
stand for a dime, but after the salary of
the law clerk in the land department had
been raised by Senator Call from $2,250 to
$2,500, by an amendment to the appropria-
tion bill, as shown in exhibit 22 from the
Congressional Record.
In exhibit No. 1 Call says that he took
the homestead as the quickest method and
to save the cost of a survey to settle a
boundary. I give the senator's own words
This was a boundary, you will observe,
fixed by the United States sUrvey, and dis-
puted by Mr. Call alone. He thereby ad-
mits that he did not make an entry for
cultivation. In the exact words of the
senator-"I, took it from obligations of
affection and those interested in it. I did
not own the property, and my only connec-
tion with it was and is, as I have stated."
He took the homestead, as he further says,
from no personal interest in the matter.
Here is the certified copy of his oath. He
swears that the said entry is made "for my
own exclusive benefit and not directly or
indirectly for the benefit or use of any per-
son whatsoever; and I have heretofore had
the benefit of the homestead laws."
Mr. Call says that the negro is in jail for
murder, and here is the certiflcace that he
was released without trial. Suppose he
was convicted of murder and had been
hanged, who would have the best right to
the land? Should it go to the negro's wife
and children or toethe senator? Suppose
that his relatives rented the land to the
negro, or that there was any other circum-
stance which made it desirable on his part
to get the land-would this or any other
circumstance justify Mr. Call's oath?
Mr. Call's failure, as a senator (as dem-
onstrated by the bills and joint resolutions
introduced by him), whichwhen compared(
with those which became laws, will startle
every Floridian. I file as exhibit No 24 the
printed list, having corrected the errors of
the printer by substituting bill No. 1431 in
the Fiftieth congress for resolution No. 16,
which failed. Out of 470 bills introduced
fifteen became laws in eleven years. Mr.
Call in his explanation of his record in the
senate, advances the astounding theory of
the introduction of bills to form a consen-
sus of public opinion, and not that the
particular bill introduced shall become a
law; and he refers to me as a per-
son unfitted to judge public mep. In
my rejoinder I will demonstrate the ab-
surdity of his proposition and his incorT
rectness in regard to his bills. When -the
senate committee on public lands met :td"
consider the resolution, to the effect that
he was satisfied that illegal and fraudulent
conveyances of public lands had been made
in the state, Mr. Call said that he referred
to the swamp and overflowed lands. (Ex-
hibit No. 25.) Under republican rule
91,000 acres were patented (see certificate
of commissioner of agriculture-exhibit
No. 26). As four democratic administra-
tions have been entrusted with these
lands, amounting to several millIou acres,
the reflection was on the chosen officials of
the party which had honored him,
this being only one of the many
attacks of the senator in the attitude that
he has assumed of Call against the state
of~lorida." He has asserted fifteen times
that te internal improvement act has
been repealed by many acts of tbe legisla-
ture and that it was a dead letter on the
statute books of Florida. If this is true,
you have witnessed the most remarkable
usurpathon of authority on the part of
Florida's democratic legislatures and of
Drew, Bloxham, Perry and their cabinets,
who dally exercise their functions under
this law. Governor Fleming does to-day,
for all the deeds issued by the board of
trustees for over twenty years are abso-
lutely void, if Mr. Call speaks the truth.
It is difficult to comprehend fully the
enormity of this false statement. Before
the same committee in his effort
to have the swamp and overflowed lands
taken from this state he said that 19-20 of
it was as high and dry as the top of the
capitol. (Page 13, exhibit 25.) As the top
of the Capitolis higher than any two hills
in Florida, Mr. Call's reckless statement
is made manifest.

On February 1. 1888, Mr. Call, referring
to the grant 1o Florida to construct a rail-
road to Pensacola from Jacksonville
(bound volume of Record, exhibit 273)
stated that there was never an acre certi-
fied, that there was no reservation made
under authority of the state. The gov-
ernor so declares and notified the interior
department in 1859. These lands were cer-
tiffed in 1860 and I file exhibit 28 (report of
. the commissioner of the general land of-
. fice), showing on page 41 that 1,275,00C
acres were certified by the state to that
3 road.
t It is sometimes said that Mr. Call has
i devoted a good deal of time to the party.
rHe never contributed a dollar to the trea&
3 ury, as shown by a statement of the treas-
) urer (exhibit No. 29) that came into my
3 possession as an officer of the committee,
3 and was not furnised by the treasurer as
i an attack on Mr. Call. Let me give you a
3 specimen of his patriotism. In the dark-
3 eat days of Florida, when the state needed
b every loyal son, Mr. Call was asked to
: speak at Mudison, and he said that ho
i would speak for $50. It was paid him, and
I with the 'money in his pocket, looking
* Smith, Vann and other good democrats in
I the eye, he talked about his sacrifices for
5 the party.
I Mr. Call was charged with keeping R.
8 M. Call on the rolls of the senate as secre%
si tary at $6 per day, though he did not spend
t one day in Washington. 'Mr. R. M. Call
3 explained that ea was on the rolls in
I December and January through inadvertr
r Once, but that the salary was paid to the
i man who did the work. (Exhibit 30X.)
He says: "I write this statement for the
; reason that any one reading the artich
would immediately conclude that my name
was on the rolls after the January inad-
I vertence and that either Senator Call or
t myself was drawing the $6 per day." On
t the 10th of March following, W. P. Can&
s day, sergeant-at-arms, made a report re
r quiring each senator to report the name of
h his secretary on the following Monday
D and Mr. R. M. Call is reported as secretary
s of Senator Call. (Exhibit 31). This wa
March 10, 1886. The January inadvert-
e ence was explained in December, 1886
r nine months later. If R. M. Call knew
a that he was on the rolls in March he would
y have referred to it in his explanation i
. December. I file exhibit 32, the annua
y report of Hon. Mr. McCook, secretary of
a the United Stats senate, which shows tha
1 R. M. Call was paid as Senator Call's cleric
e not only in January and February, bu
1 also foraportion Of March.
T_ -- -A- 0 +V.- -W~ IUWI K _#_ _-1. -

not attend the senate committee meeting
when the bill was considered.
In this same interview Mr. Call says:
"The Hampton bill would pay $92,000
cash." He made an error of $2,000-quite
a small mistake for the senator. 'Mr.
Call was ignorant of the interest ad-
vanced in the war of 1812 and
other wars, shown in the statutes
at large in exhibit 10, which I hold in my
hand. The first of the four bills of Mr.
Call on the Indian war matter was intro-
duced in December, 1885. Senate bill 467,
which I file as exhibit No. 11, provides for
the payment by 'the United States direct
(not through the state government) of all
'soldiers mustered into the United States
service who have not received their pay.
The ignorance of the senator is appalling.
He will pretend to you that that is not
correct, because in his personal explana-
tion he says: "I charge him with ignor-
ance." Then he says I 'aint ignorant. He
thus proves it to his own satisfaction.
The next time a man calls me
ignorant I will say I 'aint and
prove it just that way. Here
is the bill and I file it. Had these troops
been mustered into the United States sers
vice, they would have been paid at the
time the service was performed. Nor was
the muster condition the only blunder.
He provided onlV for those soldiers who,
had not been paid, while Florida's claim
was for indemnity for those soldiers al-
ready paid by the state. Governor Perry
saw the mistake in bill 467, and he induced
Senator Call to withdraw this absurd
measure and introduce a second bill,
which I desiri to. refer, to. Bill No. 1293,
which I file as exhibit No. 12, provided for
the payment to the state only what
was due for money already paid out by the
state. Senator Call did introduce this
bill 'exolaining that it was done by request
of the democratic governor of Florida, and
then he killed it by his own reflections on
the democratic administration of his own
state, as shown in page 928 of the Congres-
sional Record of January 30,1886, which I
file as exhibit No. 13. In reference to this
bill he says: "I think a duty is presented
for the senate and congress to vindicate
themselves by some expression in regard
to such a transaction." And yet he said he
desired the passage of the bill, and
said he, hope the senate would pass
it. And yet, although Mr. Dougherty
had passed a similar bill in the house. Mr.
Call allowed this one to be postponed
(Record, March 26,1886), which I file as ex-
hibi NNo. 14, without any recorded opposi-
ition on the senator's part. But listen.
On the same day, the 29th of January,
1886, on which he introduced No. 1,293, Mr.
Call introduced another bill. No. 1,294,
which I file as exhibit No. 15. Caun you
understand, my fellow countrymen, if he
was sincere in his pledge to support
Governor Perry, why, within the same
hour, he should introduce bill 1,294 ?.
If Governor Perry's bill had been
passed, Florida would have been paid: if
Senator Call's bill had been passed, not a
dollar would have gone to Florida-" that
the claims of the soldiers who had been
Paid should be audited and paid."' His
Bill made no lprovision for the payment of
the debt due Florida as indemnity for the
Payment of soldiers, which the state had
) already paid, by the United States. Flor-
ida's claim is for money already paid her
soldiers, and the state would not have been
I paid if the senator's first bill had passed.
When the present congress convened Mr.
Call introduced senate bill No. 8, which I
file as exhibit No. 16, providing, for the
payment to the governor of Florida of the
L amount expended by tfl state of Florida
in the suppression of Indian hostilities, as
directed by the secretary of war. As the
secretary of war never directed anything
L whatever, this fourth bill, if it passes (ic
is now before congress), will not pay a cent
to Florida.
Therefore Mr. Pasco, our junior senator,
introduced later another bill, No. 3044,
1 which I have here and file as exhibit No.
17, to pay Florida this indemnity claim. I
submit now, my fellow-citizens, if your
1 senior senator, after ten years' service in
3 the United States senate, had introduced
) a bill to pay Florida's claim, which was a
i proper one, it would have been unneces-
I sary for your junior senator to have come
) forward and introduce a bill for the same
I purpose. Aad yet Mr. Pasco's bill was
i necessary, and Mr. Call's was absolutely
r useless, for the state cannot ask indemnity
b of the general government until the state
has first paid the soldiers and submitted
3 the evidence to the government. My dear
people, my dear people, it is the greatest
, nonsense for him to talk about these im-
proper commissions to be paid agents;
! when this money is paid by the govern-
, ment it will go into the state treasury and
, it won't come out of there until the legis-
. ture wants it. Why can't the senator trust
>the same men who elected him? Don't be
Fooled by such buncombe.
i While the Indian war claim was on the
t calendar, Mr.'Call failed to call it up; but
f, in the last hour of the-session he brought
- up the senate bill to pay the night inspec-
' tots of New York and Baltimore custom
houses. (Record, March 2, page 2725,which
f I file as exhibit 17/.) He had been mn con-
. gross seven or eight years; he did not know
- that, after it had passed the senate, it
-never could get to the house and be passed
a there He has not only shown that he has
- not the influence to pass a bill, but that he
, has not the capacity to prepare one which
would have paid his state, if it had become
e a law. He will tell you that he has. He
o is like the old negro who was arrested-for
stealing and who brought up all the people
e in his neighborhood to testify that they
Lhad not seen him drunk for six months.
In the Norfolk bank scandal, he thrusts
i it upon the public and in this exhibit (No.
- 1) makes it the occasion of contemptible in-
)sinuations against Florida people; thereby
r not only justifying, but requiring exposure
t of his position. This ease is a snit by the
1= Norfolk bank to recover $11,505.70, bor

c rowed money, represented by six notes
f given during a period of six months. I
a refer to this matter because the senator
. brought it up anuas illustrating how un-
g reliable his public statements are. Mr.
a Call in his challenge, which I file as ex-
n hibitl, says: "Some Florida people inter-
k. ested in circulating stories to my injury,
. have probably influenced the bringing of
, this suit." I file a letter of the receiver of
- the bank showing this charge to be untrue.
a He says: "It was brought by my suges%
tion." In exhibit 1 Mr. Call says that noth-.
r ing was paid on the sewing machine stock.
.- I fie exhibit No. 19, which shows this to be
a untrue, as these figures show that $15,964
s had been paid on this stock; and'hesays
every word and punctuation mark in my
t pamphlet is a lie, may be it is because the
g notes read-"upon demand, I promise tc
a pay." I file also a certified copy of the
1, record in this case. Mr. Call says these
* notes, without interest, were given; and
c yet this record shows that every note borw
* interest, and these photographs of the notes
;, show the same. Mr. Call asserts that
i, no demand wasever made forte money;
r and this certified record of the suit filed
as exhibit 19 shows this to be untrue and
s that demand for payment was frequently
- made and refused by Mr. Call. Mr. Call
n states that by the statute the limitation has
D run, and that this is a bar. If no demand
g for payment was made, how would the
a. statute of limitation commence to run as
s shown in exhibit 19, on these notes without
r. demand was made. The senator caps the
- climax in his next assertion as follows; "I
Af have never received a cent of money or
s seen a certificate of stock, which was taken
e in the bank's name." There is a photo
I graphic endorsement on one of his notes
i-. "enclose to John B. Whitehead with state
r- ment of shares of stock"-signed W. C.
Lr What do you think of a man that goes and
h signs $11,000 of notes and don't get a cent
g for them? Mr. CallP says in exhibit 1 thai
e the bank must pay assessments due on the
it stock. The stock was only liable for
w $6,516, and he received from the bank
$11,505.70, as shown by exhibit 19. Wh(
D, received the difference of $4,989.02. It to
m suggested that Mr. Call has not paid the
h notes because he is poor. You wll do me
r. the justice to notice, that I have never
e- touched on that point. I merely ask him
xe to reconcile the facts. I state In my
pamphlet that service had been withheld
w Now I state that Mr. Call's promise to pay
Ls this debt having failed, process has been
:r served within a few weeks. Mr. Call wll
) tell you that this is a conspiracy. He
st started the conspiracy when he signed





A Correct Stenographic Report of What
Both the Disputants Actually Said, and
Not What They Intended to Say or,
Would Like to Have Said.

At Arcadia, Fla., on Tuesday, July 1, W.
D. Chipley opened the joint discussion in
review of Senator Call's record as follows:
Mr. Chairman, ladies and my fellow citizens :
Our chairman has stated that I am at-
tacking Senator Call, omitting to state
that Senator Call first attacked me. A
year ago he published a letter in which ho
assailed persons, whose names he had not
the 0oiirt'et-f to proclaim, with vile epithets
and .h-.htndersud I ask to fleas exhibit No.
], th-it. letter. I propose to make 'my
charges verbally in the presence of Senator
Call, and I propose to~support the charges
with testimony.
A voice-Read it.
Mr. Chipley-It would keep you here a
A voice-We can stay.
Mr. Chipley'I will make my charges
verbally, and I will submit the testimony,
.ii^l1 tl" th I I was told a!t .u and
'r'$ again that Senator Call referred tie,and
at lastt I vcas hauded a letter iLu which
Stnnawor Call fixed his attack on me in
writing. I then accepted Mr. Call's chal-
lenge, when to my surprise Senator Call
retreated from his position.
A voice-He ci'unaot reply to evidence in
writing. It, must, be su emitted orally,
aud it, would be unfair to Senator Call. .It
would be unfair to Florida to meet this
written evidence, going into this steno-
graphic report; and Senator Cali must
have time in which to meet it. (Cheers.)
Mr. Chipley-I have-not asked that one
line of this written testimony go into the
ieport-not one line. Such is not my in-
tention. .
A "voice--Whydo.you file Ui as an ex-
hibit?/ .
-Mr. Chipley-As an exhibit of what I
stated-that, itis true. I have accepted an
invitation of the citizens of DeSoto county
S,to cume here and make my charges against
Senator Call, and I do so show my confi-
dence in you, and I am interrupted by a
person not a citizen of your county.
A Voice-We will indorse him. He is a
citizen of Florida.
Mr. Chipley-I want to know if I can
proceed without interruption?
A voice-You can proceed. >
Mr. Chipley-In his letter declining to
meet me he reiterated his assaults,
charging that 1 was. an enemy to
the people of our state and to the
cause of public moral; he promised
to show great injury to interests of the
state through actions of mine, and I file
his letter which I read, as exhibit No. 2.
In exhibit 1 Senator Call says that he will
make charges in every county of the state
before the nomination of members of the
legislature and invites his opponents to
attend these meetings. Where are these
meetings? Only one month is left, and
this meeting, forced on the senator, is the
only one called for. When I was at Arct-'
.... dia'a few days ago, a committee of your
citizens requested me, to return and
make my charges against Senator Call,
face to face; and here I am. (Cheers.)
In the resolutions adopted by your cit-
izens you notify me that you believe Sen-
ator Call can'disprove theiqe charges and
tha you are his friends. I take noexcep,
tionto this. I honor you for standing by
your friend until you have cause togive
himup. I don't 'expect you togive up the
affection of years in a single day. The
greatest. enemy of truth is prejudice; its
greatest friend is time; and with time will
comeconviction. Senator Call, replyingto
the iivitat ion to attend this meeting, said
that I was .specially invited to attend him
&- Pr-stitola to discuss his record, or
anything else, no limit being put
on me. I read from' this letter and
file it as exhibit No. 4, and denounce
the statement, in regard to the Pensacola
meeting a-i untrue. I file as exhibit No. 5,
his letter accepting the' Pensacola invita-
tion, from which I read his limitation of
the discussion as follows: "The public
lands of the state and my action in the
senate of the United States in connection
therewith." No limitation there. I also
file my invitation to attend the Pensaeols
meeting. Here it is, just as it was written
to me., in which the committee says thai
Mr. Call states: "I shall be gratified il
y ,ott will invite any .person who may de-
.* '"'sire to oppose my views on this subject.':
I have read Mr. Call's exact words froa
the letter. This, of course, cuts me off
:from his record, which is the only issue
That is. the issue before the people of Flor
ida. I file as exhibit 6/ a eopy of my re-
ply to that invitation. There it is. li
which I say: "I must decline to be con
fined in my discussion to Florida lands
because it is a dead,issue."
I have filed the papers, and I ask, is then
a man within the sound of my voice wh(
fails to recognize Mr. Call's misstate,
ments? If so, he is hard to convince. Hi
also refers to an invitation to meet hirc
at DleLeon Springs. Now I did get a hand
bill which says: "The senator will speal
at DeLeon Springs and his defamners, "n-
clfcding Colonel Chipley, are invited t(
attend." That invitation was under cove]
S from Mr. J. E. Alexander. I am told thai
he canvassed the state of Florida in 188
against Governor Perry, the democratic
candidate, and when I was chairman 6
the democratic /executive committee li

.... 1888 I received a letter from Mr
Vann,, of Madison county saying
that Mr. Alexander was in Madisor
county electioneering for the republican
ticket. There is the letter of Mr. Vann
I file it. It is a question between Mr. A
L. Vann of Madison, whom you all know
1and J. E., Alexander. Having thus de
clined to be restricted in the Pensacola
meeting,I did leave home, being sum,
moned to Jacksonville to look for bail for
our fellow-citizens,. who were being ar
rested for alleged violations of the election
law. My absence was not caused by his
presence, as Senator Call says.
I am here to present charges against
-Senator Call. The arraignment is a long
one and the time is short. The occasion
neither requires nor admits of elaboration
and I proceed to give the cold facts., In
doing so I will confine myself to his public
record, and to those transactions which he
has made public by his own publications
coupled with iusinuations. against others
not only justifying but requiring their
Before considering Mr. Call's blunder
and bad faith in.connection with the In
dian war claim, let me'call your attention
to the fact that this claim, amounting t
a large sum, has been due Florida- during
all of Mr. Call's long term in the senate
Why try a man for six more year
after eleven years' failure ? Mr
Call was willing for $92,000 to set
Stle the claim, after cancelling the debt c
the 6tate to the general government, a
shown in his interview as published in th
Florida Herald of March 30, 1887, which
file as exhibit No. 8. Since then the secre
tary of the treasury has audited the Flor
ida claim, and says that it should be nea
half a million of dollars, a sum which
Senator Call was ignorant of after his Ion
term in the senate. This statement of th
secretary of the treasury I file as exhibit
No. 83. In the famous Herald interview
is found the following:
"Reporter-How could it be hoped, then
to pass a bill giving interest to a souther
state? Mr. Call-That is a question which
Wailes and. his associates must answer
T.". They were fully advised, before they re
fused the Hampton bill for $92,000, of til
danger of opening this question."
Mr. Call stated in the Herald interview,
S Lthat Mr. Dougherty asked, him to ask Sew
ator Spooner to refer, the bill to Senatr
Jones of Arkansas I file as exhibit 9]
S .Mr. Dougherty's letter, which sas t&I


I i~


A Reminiscence of Thackeray.
Can I picture Thackeray's appearance
after the lapse of all these years? I can sa
him "in my mind's eye" perfectly, but to
describe him with pen and ink is not easy.
He is tall and broad shouldered, and had a
complexion like Horace Greeley's, pure
milk and roses, such as a girl might envy.
His hair was very white, his nose as fRat as
any negro's (it had been broken, I believe),
and he wore large spectacles pushed cose
against his eyes. Neither in appearance
nor in manner did he make a favorable Im-
pression upon me; but then I was a verdant
American girl, and he was, I remember
him using this expression frequently, "a
great gun." He swore in the presence of
ladies, an offense which, in America in
those days, almost assumed the proportions
of a crime; and this was Thackeray in
Paris. A celebrated author, a critic ot
manners and in the most polished capital
in Christendom. He struck me as being a
coarse man, without a throb of tenderness
in his nature. I was mistaken.-Olive
Logan in St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

Do You Know a Good Cigasx
One great trouble is that so many smok-
ers do not know what they want They
ask for Havana cigars, and declare that
they want them, but, as a fact, there are
many of them that do not want anything
of the kind. I was in a store the other day
when a well known man came in and asked
for a box of toe Havana cigars, saying
price was no object so long as he was suit-
ed. The dealer showed him Havanas at 95
cents each and 15 cents each; Sumatra and
Havana at 10 cents bach, and finally a good
Havana filler, with a Connecticut wrapper.
This suited him, he Ipad twice its value
and was content. Ifthe4 ordinary price had
been asked of him he W~ld have declared
them poor, and that t]dealer had no fine
stock on hand. This is an absolute fact;
the man wanted a sweet, mild smoke, and
he got it and was suited.-Pittsburg Die-
Mail Service of Berlin.
"You Americans think you can beat the
world for quick dispatch of business,"
said a recent arrival from Germany the
other day, "so you would probably be sur-
prised to know that to a citizen of Berlin
youLr local postal delivery seems intolerably
slow. I know that your active and effi-
cient postmaster does all he can with the
material and funds at his disposal, but I
would like to show him how the proverbi-
ally slow going German has improved on
American methods. In Berlin you see big
mail wagons rattling through the streets
at all hours, gathering letters from letter
boxes and delivering them at the branch
stations. Inside each wagon is an official
with a sorting table, on which he sorts the
letters as rapidly as they are delivered to
him from the boxes. Those for out of town
are all thrown together and re-sorted at
the main office, but those for the branch
stations are -put in separate boxes, and by
the time the gathering trip is ended they
are often all ready for delivery."1-New
York Tribune.
When Walnut Was Cheap.
Workmen engaged in tearing a&y the
rear of the old Dr. Perry residence on Wet
Ohio street, were much surprised to Ad
that all of the corner posts were black wal-
nut. The posts were four inches square
and in a perfect state of preservation. The
rear of the house was built in the earlyset-
tlement of this city, and the front w&
added many years later. Dr. Perry, who
built the rear part of the house, cam4 to
Indianapolis from Virginia, and was one of
the first physicians to begin the practice In
this city. In his day he was known the
"Indian doctor," because his remedies am.
listed almost entirely of herbs, which he
gathered himself from the wood& The
corner posts are now so valuabe o to
tha sa.rcitv nf walnut timhm tber- = li





NEWS, JULY 11, 1890.

whose name was a synonym of honor and
truth, and myself agreed that we would
form an association and prevent the con-
summation of this sale. We did so. We
entered into an agreement in writing.
The records of the county can
prove it. It is an old bogus story
which Colonel Chipley has gotten up since
I have been trying to protect these people
in their homes. We had several republi-
/cans join us. We couldn't do anything by
ourselves. They then made an arrange-
ment with Littlefield, we brought suit to,
prevent it, and carried it to the supreme
court, and the principles of the suit were
finally adjudicated against us by a repub-
lican court. We were left without power
intfhe matter. James M. Baker and my-
self, months after this, nearly a year, were
approached by Colonel Sanderson, who
said: "This suit has gone against you.
We are anxious to remove this question
and the cloud on the title to this property.
The court has decided that- you have no
rights. We will buy your several inter-
ests." And we sold them, and I would be
gladkto do it again. It was right. We
entered into a combination; the property
had been bought, and it would hive been
managed against us; and we brought suit;
and it was decided against us by the high-
est tribunal of the state. Why should we
not sell it? It is said that I was threatened
with dismissal from the state senate for
lobbying just after I had been elected to
the senate. Why, Colonel Chipley and all
his railroad power, that have taken the
people's money and loaned it interest,
were they combined against me, as they
a-ways are,, could do nothium. Whav, I
thank himn.for hInopposition. (Cheers) I
thank God profoundly in the deep-
est gratitude of my heart that
I have not .the support of such
men as Colonel Chipley. (Cheers). When
I have I shall,suspect my public honor; I
shall suspect my fidelity to the people.
Why, fellow citizens, should I be charged
with expulsion from the senate, the state
senate which had just elected me to the
senate of the United States? Why, I could
have turned them out.-.Why, I was stronger
then than I am now.
Colonel Chipley says that he had the
honor and glory of building a railroad
which I failed to build. I want to see a
libtle about that, and I want you to see a
little something about it. The state of
Florida in 1881 or 1882-it does not matter
-passed an act granting a charter through
the influence of C. L. Mallory, to Mr.
Chipley, wh, was an unknown man in the
state,and Judge Stanley,and agreed to give
20,000 acres of the swamp and over-
flowed lands of the state, and also
alternate sections, making some three
thousand and some hundred'acres on
either side of the road; and also they have
claims in the railroad land gra*t, making
an aggregate of 20,000 acres to the mile
contained in the grant. Colonel Chipley
says that he had the honor and glory of
building that railroad under this charter.
My dear friends, I can take a yellow short,
tailed, cur dog and tie a card around his
neck, and say that the state of Florida has
agreed to give 27,000 acres to the mile to
any man who will build a railroad twenty-
eight miles long, and also give the right to
tax the people 5 cents a mile and charge
transportation upon all they make and all
they wear; there is no one that would not
run down that short-tailed car, take the
card and pay the amount of premium for
building the road. I am told that the first
money that Colonel Chipley ever made was
made by the sale of that charter to the
L. & N.
Colonel Chipley says that I introduced
in the congress of the United States, how
many bills?-(voice, 417)-and that I have
passed eleven. Suppose that to be true.
1 aver this not to be tr-ae in any respect.
Of the 334 bills and joint resolutions that I
have introduced in the senate of the United
States in these eleven years, 330 have be-
come laws or parts of laws. Here is a list
in the pamphlets which you will receive in
a few days. It is not particular that the
bill you introduce should become a law.
It is frequently the case that the subject is
considered upon other bills in other con-
nections and becomes law and the bill you
have introduced bei~mes postponed. The
importance to the public is that the par-
ticular ideas for the relief of the people
"--" iu'(lf)''-6ug.Vri\ d for. discussioA d UI .
and become crystalized in the shape of
public opinion and formulated into law.
That is What the American government is
-the opinion of the people formulated into
law. When it comes that the land grant
agent and corporations can blacken the
character of the people's ,friend and the
faithful public servant, the protection of
your homes, the education of your chil-
dred, the safety of your lives would pass
away forever. (Lond and continued cheer-
Colonel Chipley says that I am of no acT
count. Here are extracts from public doc-
i uments'of this country, certified and ap-
\proved by .the secretary of tbe treasury,
showing the appropriations nade from
1880 to 1890 inclusive. I wast/here in 18:9.
On account of public buildings, rivers and
harbors, lighthouses, qua-rantine sta-
tions, etc., $35,000,000 have been
appropriated since I have been
iln congress, and expended in the
state of Florida; and this shows an excess
of four million dollars over the original
three million dollars, the cost of the orig-
inal territory of the state, that have been
expended since I have been in congress,
partially, I think, through my efforts, and
with my fair share of influence.. This was
to open your rivers and harbors, build
public buildings for use and ornament,
establish the necessary health stations, and
to pass laws thatiwill protect you from
epidemic diseases. Four millions of dol-
Slars will be the aggregate of the money
....expended for my friends. Than is what
you sent me there for. I have not built
any land grant railroads. Thank God, I
have not I am a believer in railroads. I

would establish a system bywhich the
people would have their roads in every
portion of the country in reasonable prox-
imity to each other; but I would not give
all the land in the country to any one or
two railroads. I would reserve the right
of entry and settlement upon it.
The credibility of a witness is the true
test. I am accused of sticking to a lie. A
little of everything that is mean and vile
is said of me. I had a statistician prepare
from accurate sources a little exhibit of
this railroad that Colonel Chipley built by
selling the free gift of the charter of the
people to someone who had the money to
,pay for it. I don't think that Is a very
creditable performance. I do not think it is
a very usual performance for the people
to give such'a gift to any one that he may
sell the free gift of the people so that he
can make a profit. I have a* statement
hbrejar" the cost of the Peisacola and At
r-lantic railroad, made from accurate
data, which I-affirm will stand the
test of :any,,, and every examination
that it is frae. This estimate by accurate
figures is $3,336,426; and the excess of the
capital stock and funded debt over con-
struction and equipment estimated by
the statistician at $3,924,574; total capital
stock $7,285,160. W~at does that mean?
Here is a man claiming before you the
honor and glory of buildiagsa railroad, the
free gift of the people, which has had paid
into it over and above its cost $35,000 or
$36,000, to be paid by the sweat and toil of
the laboring farmers and people of Florida.
(Cheers.) That is the honor and glory of
building a railroadI I orraign him
as a conspirator against the .peace
of every~family, against the education of our
children, and the enemy of the welfare of
the people of the state. What if I were to
propose to tax you and take from you the
sweat and toil upon your products, and
suppose that I had expended money, which

was false, what would you say to me when
I said I had the honor and glory of build-
ing railroad and charging you twice as
much as it cost, and that I had land dona-
tions of eight million acres? What are
eight millions of acres worth, not now but
to-morrow, a generation, in the life of this
corporation? What is it worth? Let me
tell you It is worth not less than $16,000,000.
I want to read you a letter. It is dated
May 21,.1888:
"I write at the request of Mr. Hickey,
who is Incapacitated, who desires me to
say that we will carry a solid delegation
from this county to St. Augustine. and

strong efforts that he is making to get
Mr. Hickey--Those were my opinions
then, exactly what that letter states,; but
claim the same privilege to change my
opinion as you, did a few months ago.
Senator Call-That is not the question.
The question is the truth of your state-
ment at that time. You acknowledge that
you stated the truth no doubt.
Mr. Hickey-I do, sir.
"W. D. C. will not be a delegate to St.
Augustine, neither will he be retained on
the state executive committee."
No doubt he told the truth of Mr. Chip-
ley's standing in his own community. This
was signed "John O'Connor."
This man has the honor and glory of
building a railroad and proving that Sen-
ator Call is a fool or a knave, and accuses
him of stealing a negroe's home, while
this noble example of public virtue and
private purity built a railroad and ob-
tained a title of 480,000 acres of land grant
and made a fortune out of it. Let me read
yon another letter:
"NEW YORK, November 5, 1889.-No-
ticing a short time ago the correspondence
between Chipley and yourself, wherein he
sought to arraign you before the public,
permit me to make known to you a trans-,
action of Mr. Chipley's which, if he will
not avail himself of the plea of limitation,
would consign him to a penitentiary. In
'72 W. A. McDougall was president and
W. D. Chipley was secretary of the North
and South Railroad company of Georgia,
running from Columbus.- By their charter
they were authorized to issue 240 bonds first
mortgage on every twenty miles of road
completed the bonds auid coupon bonds to
be of $1,000 each, and by the charter only
one bond of each kind was to be issued.
_Tlie state of Georgia was to indorse these
bonds as every twenty miles was com-
pleted;- In May, 1882, they issued 240 bonds
numbering from I to 240 inclusive,.of $1,000
each, and deposited them with the Bank
of the Republic of New York. Accom-
panying the deposit of these bonds was a
letter from W. A. McDougall stating that
the road was to receive full value for the
bonds. In June, 1872, I attached
the whole issue of, 240 bonds
in the Bank of the Republic. The supreme
court of New York awarded me thirty-
seven bonds of the 240 so attached, other
parties having proved prior claims to the
other bonds. As soon as I procured the
bonds so awarded me, I fowarded them to
the governor of Georgia for his indorse-
ment. Judge of my surprise When the
governor informed me that he had
already indorsed 240 bonds from No.
I to 240, and when he was
informed that thirty-seven fraudulent
bonds were issued, he said that he would
not have endorsed them if he had known
it. These bonds I attached in 1872. They
were mortgaged on the road without the
governor's indorsemient. While McDou-
gall and Chipley were contesting with me
-the thirty-seven bonds in the supreme
court of New York, Mr. McDougall and
Chipley, who was secretary of the compa-
ny, wrote to the printer for the bonds,
stating that these bonds had been de-
stroyed and ordering him to print others
of the same numbers and amounts, which
were duplicates, and McDougall signed
.the bonds as president and Chipley signed
them as secretary, and issued them and
pocketed the proceeds, thus wilfully and
knowingly committing fraud that would
have consigned him to the penitentiary.
"(Signed) "A. C. SCHAEFFER,
"No. 110 Pearl street, New York."
I tobk the liberty to write to the lawyer
to whom I was referred. That lawyer is a
partner of the great and distinguished law
firm of Evarts, Choate & Priedman; no
firm stands higher for integrity and abil-
lity; and this is the reply which has been
sent me:
"'The facts in relation to Mr. Schaeffer's
case as I remember them are these: He
sued the North & South Railroad company.
Iwas the attorney. An attachment was
sued and levied on certain bonds which
they had in the hands of the National
Bank of the Republic. The defendant ap-
peared and the case was tried in the su,
preme court. Mr. Schaeffer secured a ver-
dict. Pending the litigation, Chipley &
McDougall, who were then officers, had
procured the printing of thirty-seven other
Sbondj.. To the issue of thirty-seven addi-
tioal bondss' Chipley and McDougall
affixed t eir signatures and had signed or
indorsed them by the governor of Georgia.
This appeared to me at the time to be a
very clear case of fraudulent substitution
of bonds,"
That is not from Mr. Hill, the perjured
slanderer, threatening to send me to the
penitentiary. I read that to you to
show you that it,won't do for people to
throw stones who live in glass houses.
This is the record I offer to you.and further
state that no transaction of my life has
ever occurred which I am not able to
vindicate, and prove before the whole world
to be in every respect fair, honorable, just
and true.
Mention was made of my nephew, and I
am arraigned here under (he charge of
taking money appropriated for a clerk and
signing the rolls fraudulently. Suppose I
did sign my nephew's name and he was
willing for me to do it; suppose I had con-
sented to make him my clerk and he al-
lowed me to take the money. Is there any
harm in that? Is that any of Chipley's
business? It is not true. It is false from
the very first letter to the last. Let us see:
"I have been with Senator Call since
February, 1886, as secretary and stenogra-
pher. Mr. Call's nephew during the time
that he was here on the senate rolls and for
a short time after he left. I did the work.
Mr. R. M. Call having been, inadvertently
allowed to remain on the rolls and the
voucher was sent t0 be signed by him; but
the money was paid to Mr. J. G. Sparks
and myself." Is that any charge against
me that I allowed my nephew's
name to stand upon the rolls ? My
secretary's word and character

are beyond impeachment. "Mr.
Call often requires the services of
several persons, and Mr. Sparks and my-
self worked for Senator Call. Mr. Call did
not receive the pay after he left here."
What was wrong in Mr. Call signing the
rolls when the rules of the senate required
In regard to the Indian war claim, I tell
you that the only time in the whole history
of these claims that they ever approached
reimbursement was on my speech in the
house. On the first day of March, 1889
(page 2531 of the Congressional Record),
that speech was made by me in support of
an appropriation for the Indian war claim.
Upon that speech, and upon motion, after
it-had been declared defeated by the presi-
dent of the senate, it was reconsidered and
the amendment put. upon- the appropria-
tion bill of the senate for the payment of
the exact amount reported and recomn-
mended by the secretary of the treasury. I
put with Colonel Chipley's statements
this speech and those acts, as it was struck
off in the house committee on the house
report, and it stands there now to-day. I
am not going to take time to answer all
this evidence; there is the fact and there is
the speech. It is about as good a one, if
not a better,. than Colonel Chipley can
make. The next time the bill came up
was upon my speech aided by my col-
league, Mr. Pasco., Four millions of dol-
lars expanded in the state, not f.y selling
people's homes, not by building a railroad
capitalized $370,000, but four millions of
public moneys expended here in public
buildings, in rivers and harbors, in educa-
tion, in the prevention of disease. Well,
I am not ashamed of -it; are you? (Loud
cheering). I am your servant, prepared to
do your bidding. I want the people of
this country to say whether they desire
the representatives of the people, who de.
mand that the corporations shall be the
people's servants and not their masters,
who demand that cheap transportation
become the rule, and the right of every
man to the cheapest charges consistent
with a reasonable compensation for the
money actually employed; whenever you
want the people's friend that demands the
people's homes upon the public land for
the wife and the girl and the boy; when-
ever you want a public servant, that de-
mands that the land grants shall be
strictly construed and limited to the terms
of the law; whenever you want that serv-
ant of the people to step down and out,
you have but to let me know: but I demand

in power and in right, shall see
that men are elected to office pledged to
_ carry out the people's will, demanding
I that they will sweep from the earth those
who seek to desecrate the temple of lib-
erty. I demand that this great people shall
rise in their majesty and their power and
vindicate the truth at all hazards.
b A voice-How about Fort Brooke?
Senator Call-I have just passed a bill
through the United States senate giving
the entire proceeds of the sale of the Fort
Brooke reservation to the education of the
children of Tampa. Within the last ten
days, against the opposition of Mr. Jones
i and those whom I will not name, and the
Tampa Tribune and all that tribe, Mr.
E Chipley's defamation, and against them
- all and their falsehoods, I have passed
i through the senate a bill donating the pro-
ceeds of the sale of the Fort Brooke reser-
I nation to the free education, as a perpetual
fund, of the children of Tampa.
Colonel Chipley's Closing Argument.
Mr. Chairman, and my Fellow Citizens:
Mr. Call has informed you that he has
passed a bill to donate the lands of the Ft.
Brooke reservation to the citizens of
Tampa, and I am informed that -it is
against the wish of the citizens of Tampa.
The claimants to the Ft. Brooke reserva-
tion cannot sue the government, but as
soon as this land is turned over to the city
these claimants will sue the city and stamp
the dollars out of it.
The senator has read you- a letter from
Mr. Schaeffer, and I had notice that it
would be read through the correspondence
of a friend of the senator, who published
the charges in a Pensacola newspaper
months ago, and now I have this to read
"COLUMBUS, June 23, 1890.-"I hereby
certify that I was a director of the North
and South railroad and afterwards its
president, and I am familiar witb the is-
sue of bonds made by said road. The first
240 bonds were sent to New York for exes
c tion and placed in the hands of one of
the trustees. That one Schaeffer proposed
to place the entire issue of $1,500,000, and
did make a bid or proposal of sale; but the
condition of sale was that if his proposal
was not accepted within ten days, the
transaction was to be null and void.
Schaeffer commenced suit against the rail-
road for $75,000 that being his expected
commission on the entire one million and
a half of bonds. These bonds were to be
endorsed by the State of Georgia. Instead
of waiting the result of the blackmailing
suit the company decided to leave the un-
executed bonds in the hands of the trustees
and ordered 240 more issued as advised by
the company's attorney. W. D. Chipley
had nothing to do with this transaction ex-
cept to sign the same as secretary, as dis
reacted by the board of directors. This last
issue was indorsed by Governor Smith and
the greater portion of them paid to the
contractors, Grant & Alexander of Geor-
gia, and the remainder going to other cred-
itors of the company, Chipley having noth-
ing to do with it except as stated hereto-
fore. "T.E. BLANCHARD.
'.Signed in the presence of A. G. Black-
man, Columbus, Ga., June 24, '90."

"I am requested to make a statement Iu
reference to the endorsement of certain
bonds of the North and South Railroad
company of Georgia while executive of the
state. The amount of bonds indorsed was
240,000 on the completion of twenty miles
of the road; none others were indorsed by
me for this road, and I am quite sure that
no such endorsement was made by my suc-
cessor in office, as the bonds and indorse-
ments made by me were called in and bonds
of the state issued therefor during his term
of office.
"J. M, SMITH."
Mr. Call speaks of the funded debt of the
P. & A. railroad and the stock issued.
The men who furnished the money built
it. That railroad has never paid expenses
through that country; there was not a
house on the line of the road for'the ninety
miles. He speaks of this book as a monu-
ment. I think it Will retire him from the
United States senate and it will be the
grandest monument that a man ever had.
Senator Call has given you a list of bills,
which he says te had passed. He brings
here and reads from Drinted slips, and do
you know what they are? They have been"
printed at the expense of the government,
and they will he distributed over his frank
to the people; and when he printed it, he
was charged by his brother senators with
having falsified the Record. He had a
'month in which to do this printing, but he
did not do it until so late as to prevent this
correction. He claims that he had passed
nine bills in the Fortieth congress. When
the doors of congress are opened he rushes
in and introduces forty-eight bills in two
weeks, which cover all the appropriation
bills in the state; and when the general
appropriation bill comes in it has all these
provisions; but all these measures become
law through the efficiency of other mem-
bers who carried them to a success. I want
to make you a proposition. I will donate
to the democratic executive committee of
this state $10 for every bill he has passed in
the Forty-ninth congress over one. I will
donate $10 for every one over three. He
will flood this country with circulars show-
ing that he did pass forty-eight, and if he
can prove it I will donate the $10.
Avoice--How are we to prove this?
Chipley-Let the secretary of the senate
certify that these bills have become laws.
Mr. Call has misstated the Pensacola
land grant. The land question is not be-
fore this meeting; it is his record. It mat-
ters not how much laud we have, it does
not disprove one single charge that I have
made; and you know there is forty of them.
He says that he has no personal interest
in these lands. I have not. I must pur-
chase them as every other man must. He
is unable to refute my charges for they
cannot oe refuted. He couples my acts
with Mr. Wailes', who has never had any

connection with the P. & A. railroad. He
explains that his oath was simply that he
had intention to live upon it. Do you
notice with what care and precision he
avoided that last clause in it? That it was
for his exclusive possession, own personal
benefit and not for the benefit of any per-
son whatsoever? And then says that it
was for the benefit of his relatives? Then
he says that the description of this land is
known as the Moses E. Levy tract. I have
here a copy of the bill, sworn to by the
senator, that is the description of the land;
he has sworn to that; he says that it
was the United States survey. I have here
the United States survey, and any man
that wants can see it. It is certified to by
the United States surveyor general of
Florida. Here is the Moses E. Levy grant
shown just as he said, and here is lot No.
3-over three miles apart.
Mr. Call accuses me of lobbying, but
fails to file any evidence. Now I want to
give you the evidence that my charge is
true. It is a letter frbm W. D. Barnes.
You all know him. He writes: On one
occasion, while I was president of the sen-
ate, the secretary, Gibbs, from the reports
of the committees, read a bill which I was
satisfied had not been acted on by the com-
mittee on railroads and canals, for I was a
member of that committee and well re-
membered the bill. I rose to Inquire if
the chairman had reported that bill, and I
asked the clerk if the bill had been re-
ported back by the committee and had
been put on his desk to be read and acted
on. He reported that the bill had been
left on his desk when he was out of the
chamber. I asked the clerk how he came
into possession of it, and he replied that
Mr. Call had handed it to him. After
reprimanding the clerk that such med-
dling with the business of that body was
an offense against the rules and dignity of
the senate, I said that the offender, if it
was repeated, would be forcibly ejected
from the senate. Mr. Call was present
and left immediately. I read this state-
ment to Col. Whitfield Walker, and he
said I had it about right. Call explains
this by saying that Senator-Niblack was a
special friend of his Right-here comes in
the negro and the watermelon. He was a
friend of Senator Niblack, and conse-
quently this thing didn't happen.
Mr. Call poses as the savior of the peo-
ple to protect great interests in the state
against IAttlefield, who, Mr. Call charged
in his bill i- chancery was manipulating
the road under a charter fraudulently al- I

terests and hurtful to public morals. Had
Mr. Call carried his suit to a termination,
the -twenty years blight on North Florida
would have been averted, as shown inna
subsequent decision of the, supreme court
in the suit of Holland vs. the state. I have
Mr. Call's defense and the record. He
says that it wa s carried to the supreme
court and decided against us, which is not
true. The Florida reports show that this
case was carried to the supreme court. It
was carried into the adjoining district from
Tallahassee, and the judge being absent
Senator Call carried it to Duval and it was
then carried to the supreme court and
remanded. The decision says that it is not
deemed necessary in the present aspect of
the caste to consider the merits in this bill.
That case was not decided; it was returned
to the Duvarcourt with orders to transfer
it to Leon. lHe says that Baker, Niblack
and himself were never members of the
company. Why not. ft they held stock in
the company, as the record of the suit of
Sanderson vs. L'Eagle shows? Mr. Call
says that he received $8,000 less 5 per cent.
in the P. & A. (See page 81.) How could
the stock In any manner cloud the title of
the company which issued the stock to
them? Mr. L'Engle says that I do recol-
lectthat the stock of Niblack, Call and
Baker (1200 shares in the Pensacola and
Atlantic) were contracted to be purchased
by Littlefled. Twelve hundred and fifty%
shares mentioned in the interrogatory as
being in the name of Sanderson were
Wilk Call's shares. Niblack says
(page 44): "I .know that he (San-
dersou) had the stock of Judge Baker
and Call in his hands at that time." Lit-
tlefleld says the Call case was settled in
M1,`0. Hoa? By giving Mr. Call stock.
That is "how." How does this appear ?
By his own testimony, which shows that
he had stock later as one of the checks
given him was paid in the summer of 1870,
Littlefield (page 75) says: They (Call and
Niblack) did not pay anything for their
stock. They were members of the associa-
tion known as Niblack and associates, who
purchased the road." On page 26 he says:
"I bought their stock because he wished to
control as nearly as possible the entire stock
of J. P. & M. railroad." It is absolutely
astounding that he should get up here and
say that he sold a right which clouded the
title to this railroad, when he was a mem-
ber of this road and sold stock held in it.
He has proved to you that this sewing
machine company is an honorable corpora-
tion. That is a thing which no one has
ever disputed. I have a letter from the at-
torney in this case:
"JUNE 3, 1890."
'DEAR SiR-The facts connected with
this suit are that after the notes were
placed in my hands, I notified Mr. Call
that I was instructed to bring suit. A
young man called on me. He did not say
at Mr. Call's request, and asked for a de-
lay. He further stated that Mr. Call de-
nied the debt claiming that the purchase'
of the stock had been made by the bank.
Subsequently to this a gentleman called
ripon me and said that he wos sent by the
comptioller of the currency to enquire
into the case. I understood an appeal
had been made to the comptroller to stop
proceedings against Mr. Call, and that
this appeal had been made directly by Mr.
Call or someone in his behalf. I fully in-
formed this gentleman in regard to the
matter. -Subsequently I was instructed
by the receiver of the bank to delay further
proceedings, as Mr. Call had made some
promises as regards payment, and not have
service made on him in case he returned to
the city. I had previously been informed
that Mr. Call nad made several promises
of settlement. After considerable delay I
was again instructed by the receiver,
through his attorney, that all the prom-
ises made by Mr. Call had come to nothing,
and to proceed with the suit, which I did.
Mr. Call was duly served with the process,
and has filed a demurrer to the suit,
Do you doubt that a senator could have
got protection if his case was a just one?
I have photographs of his own notes show-
ing misstatements concerning payments
on stock and demands for payment and his
claim that the notes had been barred by
the statute of limitation.
H6 also produced certificates here con-
cerning the confirmation of Mr. Hartridge.
My statement was made from information
from M.lHartridge, and I think he -told
the truth: and I think he understands the
matter better than some senators.
Mr. Call claims large appropriations
during his service in the senate. It would
be strange it this were not true; if during
the years In which railroads have de-
veloped this state if we did not have larger
appropriations. We have our lands
studded with cities and with all our Indus-
tries built up, would it not be astounding
if the appropriations were not larger than
during ull Florida's previous history ?
The Call matter is simply a matter of
dates. He says that he did not sign the
rolls. That Is a matter, of course, with
the senator. Mr. Call says in a let-ter to
Mr. O'Neil: "Chipley says thbat you
(O'Netl) told him that I had resolution No.
'27 in the last legislature printed and would
not pay for it." I told him that O'Netl
had said the resolution was printed and
nothing more. He charges in this letter,
you wil remember, that it was a resolus
lion to be paid for by the legislature. Our
senator has grown o great that he has
disregarded the rules of the house and
printed resolutions, when the house reso-
lution provides that no document must be
printed wit hout an order of the house.
1 have a letter from the senator to a citi-
zen of Santa Rosa county, in which be says
that he encloses some resolutions which
passed both houses of the legislature. In
the letter Is a copy of these resolutions, No.
27, which all know did noc pass both houses
as stated by the senator. This is the use
which he makes of public printing. Mr.
Call says in his personal explanation in the
Record of June 23, proof copies of which
he read to you, that he could not brine you

the copies that he expected because- that
printing is now held by the senate of the
United States under a resolution; when it
was presented to the senate, he was charged
with falsifying the Record; but in
that speech, which he will distribute
all over this country, but which he never
did deliver, he says that I, not being accus
tomed to public life, but being engaged in
subordinate duties of railroad corporations,
am unfitted to judge of public men. If I
am unfitted to judge this public servant,
how is it with the merchant and the farmer
or the mechanic? Are you willing to see
this man set himself upon a pinnacle so
high as to be above your criticism? Yet I
submit that this is the attitude in which
his language places him.
After denouncing the book as false in
every statement and punctuation mark he
offers the most absurd defense of his reMC
ord, and'yet he says that it is the most
foolish book he ever read; he criticizes its
grammar. He convicts himself of want
of ability to pass his bills, just as I have
charged, by showing that the provisions of
245 bills have become laws. Now, who de-
nies it? At the present session he intro-
duced a bill to pay the Indian war
claim. If it passes it will not
pay Florida a dollar, and, there-
tore Mr. Pasco introduced a bill. When
that bill passes Mr. Call will say it con-
tained his idea, because the Pasco bill be-
came a law. The senate says that it is a
somewhat novel idea to try a senator by
the allegation that he has passed so many
bills, never considering that the idea of
sending senators there is to form a concen-
sus of public opinion and a concensus of
thought which may develop from one and
another, and the whole body, something
of importance to public legislation for the
country, and not that the particular bill
introduced shall become a law. I have
no doubt you have thought, as I
have, that le went to the senate to
impress that body; but he says that he
Introduced 470 bills, fifteen of which passed 1
to form a concensus of Dublic opinion.
Senator Dolp in a debate with Mr. Call
(Record, January 14, 1890) gives what
seems to me to be the correct idea of a i
senator's duty. When I went to congress
I prepared a bill which I supposed would ,
answer the purpose." I hold in my hand
a statement of Secretary McCook of the I
United States senate showing the expenses I
as $75,000 per annum. It costs each hour i
;750. Allowing twenty minutes to each "of I

perquisites added, it has cost for
unis senator in eleven years $150,000
The senator further says, that these
bills are amendments to appropriation
bills for rivers and harbors intended to
bring to the notice of the committee the
objects for which the people desire an ap-
propriation, which passed into the general
appropriation bill. Also amendments to
the lighthouse system of the country. A
very large proportion of these bills are
bills which are intended to bring to the
notice of the committee some appropria-
tion for that particular object. This
proves that he does not know how to work
with the committees, where the effective
work is done. Sixoy-five of the bills refer
to these subjects, and these sixty-,five
represent only shadows, the same measures
having been introduced in as many as
five sessions; and so on down, these ten of
the thirty-two are pending and of the
remaining twenty-one only two became
laws. I have the table here. In addition
to the 470 bills In eight years he also offered
159 amendments to other bills. This land
question is Mr. Call's only capital; it is
his hobby and reliance; yet in eleven
years he has never passed a law or
syllable of law against the roads.,
Commissioner Sparks says that his
bill 871 increased the grant that it was
intended to forfeit. To show Mr. Call's
k uncertain action on. the land matter
(Record of January 13) Mr. Dolph says:
"When the committee on public lands had
reported a forfeiture bill intended to cover
every railroad grant, which provided that
all railroad grants adjacent to uncom-
pleted portions of the road should be for-
feited or restored to the public domain,
that measure was not satisfactory to the
senator from Florida, but he wanted Flor-
ida made an exception. He wanted a saving
clause in the grant that would save some
of the land in Florida.": Mr. Call- gives
my record in land matters but it is his as-
fsertion, if the state has been robbed of
lands, it could only be done by the aid of
the departments, by the aid of the-legisla-
ture and its executives; therefore he should
abuse Drew, Bloxham and Fleming; and
the railroads could not get the land with
their help.
But suppose these men vilifiers are rob-
bers and the people have been turned out
of their homes-does it not show this
man's failure that he has been "unable in
eleven years' service to pass a single law to
correct these abuses? Senator Call has
made this old land speech year after year.
He has inflicted upon the senate his mis-
statements, which have always moved the
senate into the cloak room. He has com-
plained that be had to'talk to empty seats;
and year after year his land grant meas-
ures have been rejected by the senate. Our
junior senator was forced to rise in his
place and show that the policy of Call
would disturb titles in Florida, many of
which had been held for nearly two gener,
I will not continue this land question
any longer. It is a dead issue at best.
I have stated that the senator accepted
$50 for making a speech. Read this letter:
"MADISON, FLA., June 12,1890.
"W. D. Chipley:
Yours of June 6 1 found on mv return
home. In regard to the money that was
paid Wilkinson Call, referred to in your
pamphlet, that statement is substantially
correct. Being chairman of the state com-
mittee, I conducted the correspondence
and had to make considerable effort in
those dark and hard times of carpet-bag
rule to raise that money.
Senator Call-That is absolutely untrue.
I never received a cent of money in my
life from him for making a speech. I never
was paid a cent of money in my life for
making a political speech, either by the
democratic party or any other party. I
have paid the expenses of other people. I
affirm that letter to be absolutely false.
(Loud and prolonged cheering.)

Etiquette for Walters.
Head Waiter Betts. of Young's hotel,
makes it a practice to deliver a lecture to
his men at stated periods. One of his re-
cent lectures was in part as follows: "The
first requirement of a waiter is a gentle-
manly bearing. No one but a gentleman
can be a good waiter. I want to speak now
about this habit of passing around sub-
scription papers among the guests in aid
of sick employes. You must stop that.
Never beg for any one but yourself.
"The trouble is that some men can't be
told anything. They will never learn to be
waiters. If a person orders a pot of coffee,
don't bring up cold milk unless it is called
for. Bring up hot milk with coffee and_,
cold milk with tea. Always serve fine
sugar with tomatoes and lettuce, and
cracked ice with cucumbers, tomatoes,
watermelons, canteloule and muskmelon.
Berries, of course, need milk or cream and
pulverized sugar.
"A dessert knife and fork and powdered
sugar should go with all pastries, while a
small piece of American cheese is in order
with all kinds of pies. Many men never
think of putting such a thing as mustard
on the table. Some people like it. There
are very few who have yet learned that
a boiled potato is not proper with baked
beans. Don't cover the bread plate with a
napkin. It looks as if there were dirt or
dust around. This matter of laughing and
fooling doesn't make a waiter. Never
chew tobacco and spit on the doornats,
and don't gathering groups in the corridors.
SleepLng-on watches must also be stopped.,
All cH meats ought to be garnished with
parsley, lettuce or celery. Be careful about
leaving your side tpwels around. Another
man comes along with something to wipe,
and he doesn't know whether it has been
lying there for twenty.seconds or twenty
years. It is a good plan not to wipe your
face with an apron or 'towel, nor be too
familiar with the guests. "-Boston Courier.

AIA Iouse on a Canoe.
I have been leading a strange but far.
from disagreeable life. I have been explor-
ing and surveying a large district between
Old Calabar and the Cameron. To do the
water part of the journey I hired at Old
Calabar a large native canoe with a house
in it, an arrangement faintly resembling
the houseboat on the Thames.
Atone end of it is a large box of sand.
On this my cooking fire is made. A fire,
in fact, is kept burning day and night, so
that with a few minutes' notice I can have
a cup of tea or cocoa. '
In the house, which has two small win-
dows and two sliding doors and a thatched,
roof, there is just room for my bed, dress-
ing bag, table, chair and canteen. The'
canteen is a wickerbox, with knives, forks,
plates, etc. There are also shelves and
hooks in the house, by which a lot of
things are stowed away in a surprisingly
small space.
Outside the house, in the forward part of
the canoe, is a clear space with a level floor
and small seats around, sheltered. by an ex-
tension of the thatched roof. Here, in day-

time, I put my table and sit, either eating
my meals or making my survey, as the
canoe glides along, propelled by eighteen
paddlers. This is really most pleasant.
The motion of the canoe is so smooth that
I can write or draw unshaken, and when
my table is laid with a white cloth, napkin
and bright silver, it at once provokes an ap
petite.-H. H. Johnstone's Cape Colony.
The True Way of Carving Mutton.
Nearly every man you meet carves a leg
of mutton badly, and yet its tenderness al-
most always depends on the way the slices
are cut off. There are two ways of doing
this. When you are sure that tlwhip
from a sheep of a good breed and *A-$ Is
really tender, take hold of it by tfolm mg[|
with the left hand and then cidQ0 o" n .
perpendicularly from the join ta ho .
of the fillet; then remove the mnnmi-h J"
knuckle, next turn the leg .over avA dft&
off the back portion. For this essent%*
primitive way of carving gourmets substi-
tute carving by curvilinear slices, which
renders the pieces more succulent.
But neither of the ways of carving a leg
of mutton should be resorted to except
when the meat is of the best quality and o l
great tenderness. In other cases the best
way to proceed is. to cut horizontally in-
stead of perpendicularly--that is, cut off
the slices parallel with the bone; the slices
should be cut very thin, and when a,- suf-
ficient number have been sliced off you
should plunge the fork into what remains
of the leg several times and let the gravy
run over them. A few drops of lemon juice
and a little pepper and .alt added will im-
prove the flavor amazingly.-Paris Cor.
Chicago Herald.

Sun Spots and Men's Trousers.
An eastern paper has made a remarkable
diseovery--a connection between sun spots
and the tightness or looseness of the fash-
ionable man's trousers. It says: It is a cu-
rious fact, and one noticed by but few emi-
nent scientists, that at the time of max-
mum spottedness of the sun the trouser of
men having a proper regard for the fash-
ions are as tight as it is possible for trou-
sers to be. Conversely. when, as is now the
case, there are no spots to speak of on the
sun, the trousers worn by fashion's slaves

are wide and flowing in their outline.
In 1882, if the reader can remember styles
so far back, the fashion for trousers was
very tight, and so it was in 1870-71. At
just these periods the sun spots were at
their height of activity, great magnetic
storms prevailed and the aurora borealis
was flamboyant in the heavens. Similarly,
1877 was a period of great size in trousers,
just as the seasons of 1888-89-90 were and
are likely to be. As the sun spots grow
more frequent and increase in size, the
trousers will shrink, until in 1894-95 the
spots will be at their maximum and the
trousers at their minimum
A Queer Funeral Direction.
The story Is told of a certain Frenchman
who had been a great collector of coins
By his will he directed that his obsequies
sibould be performed with every aceomWa
niment calculated to Inspire mirthful feel-
ings. His body was to be wrapped in
tanned pig skin and buried coflnless in a
standing position upon a pile of charcoal
Laurel branches weo to be carried by the
mourners, and on returning from the
church they were to throw open the cham-
beas In which his treasures were deposited
and all comers were welcome to help themr-
selves an they pleased to the contents. It
- move dl--ppointmtit to the public,
however, to And that before they were ad-
mifted the servanta thO deceased had
decamp" with everything that was por-

A aseoa tom an Old Fire.
Dr. George M. Ockford, of Iringtnu,
Ky., says that the Anr of London in the
Seventeenth century dispelled the old ilu-
slon that the plague was unavoidable.
Vat fire involved London in enormous pe-
cuniary los, but ft proved a blaming by
stamnpg out disas, and upon the vizui
it leftl bsdtO e was-builtupa
systa which Wadu bnee pnI= =
t6i it was now tihewy Gnatin the worbL
OldWorldfidaltww largelythe w.
siat artacmd& oV*dot natu for &n L
Mmimlar conditions do aot exftA In AjMr-
leadhwwamea cfilentfesas aAriada

Knott seems bound to rule or ruin,
Stealing votes must be his pride,
But for every vote Knott pilfers
Catts wins twenty to his side.
When the votes are cast again, Knott,
Though you recount all you may,
Surely Catts will be elected,
And we'll send you home to stay.
Green Cove- Springs, Fla.


Tallahassee, Fla., Sept. 5, 1916.
Editor The Free Press:
The State Canvassing Board, con-
sisting of Hon. H. Clay Crawford,
secretary of state; Attorney General
T. F. West and State Treasurer J. C.
Luning were requested to reconvene
today for the purpose of recounting
or recanvassing the "recount" vote
of the "court" and "W. V. Knott,"
but were unanimously refused on the
grounds that the people of the state
did not expect or desire the same at
their hands.
Of course Mr. Knott will institute
his usual court proceedings-man-
damuses-but there will be other
chapters to this controversy. Keep
your eye on that board. The people
have nothing to fear at the hands of
that board-at least part of them.
Furthermore it may be as well to
say that the state never produced
straighter men than two of them!
They had rather be right than to be
president! Now there is but one more
step in this shameful drama of "Hon-
est Willie," and that is to go to his
good friends for one more mandamus
and then the tug of war will come. I
don't speak for the board, but if they
do canvass the returns of the fraud
recount it will be under duress of the
court, let me predict; and furthermore
let me say, that if it were for me to
choose between the jail and the count-
ing of those fraudulent votes, and
thus becoming a party'to the fraud I
would say gladly give me the jail,
with peace of conscience, rather than
a guilty participation in fraud. My
knowledge of one, yea two, of that
board, leads me to predict that they
will take the chances of za jail sen-
tence before they will be guilty of aid-
ing Mr.. Knott in defeating the will of
the people and robbing he who is hon-
estly entitled thereto by canvassing
votes stolen" from that gentleman. And
I say here and now that the honest
people of the state owe -to these two
members of that board a debt they
will not be slow to appreciate, when
the time comes to express it. I would
like to name these two gentlemen and
would but for needless offence to the
other member.


Meet every Wednesday evening at 8
o'clock in P. 0. S. of A. hall, Herkimer
building. Visiting brothers cordially

FOR SALE-Seven-room two-story
frame house, one block from car line.
Will sell at a sacrifice. Phone 5629-J,

Notice is hereby given that the undersigned
subscribers will apply to the Governor of the
State of Florida, at Tallahassee, Florida, on
October 10th, A. VD. 1916, for the issuance of
Letters Patent to WHITE-ADAMS, upon the
following proposed Articles of Incorporation:
We, the undersigned, do hereby associate
ourselves together for the purpose of organiz-
ing and becoming a body corporate under the
laws of the State of Florida, and for that
purpose have agreed upon and adopted the
following Articles of Incorporation:
The name of this corporation shall be
WHITE-ADAMS, and its principal place of
business shall be in the City of Jacksonville,
Duval County, Florida, but it may establish and
conduct branch offices and places of business
at such other places in or (and) out of the
State of Florida as may be desired and pro-
vided for by the Board of Directors.
Nature of Business.
The general nature of the business or busi-
nesses to be engaged in and transacted by this
corporation shall be as follows: To buy, sell,
lease, rent, mortgage, own, improve and oth-
erwise deal in all kinds of real and personal
property, both as owner and agent of owners ;
to conduct agencies for rentals,, loans, and in-
surance ; to borrow and lend money, and to act
as agent or trustee for others in such matters ;
to buy, own, erect, maintain, and operate
light and power plants, water plants, sewer
systems for profit; to buy, sell and otherwise
deal in stocks, bonds, mortgages, securities,
and other evidences of indebtedness, of its own
and other persons and corporations, for profit;
to buy, sell and otherwise deal in lumber, tim-
ber, and other building material; to engage
in the business of contracting and building;
to build, construct and maintain roads, bridges
and streets ; and to do generally any other act
or thing necessary or incident to any of the
foregoing classes or kinds of business, for
Capital Stock.
The amount of the capital stock of this
corporation shall be Five Thousand ($5,000.00)
Dollars, .to be divided into five hundred shares
of the par value of ten dollars per share. All
or any part of said capital stock may be paid
for in real or personal property, labor or serv-
ices, at a just and fair valuation thereof to
be fixed by the Board of Directors.
Duration of Corporation.
This corporation shall have corporate ex-
istence for a period of ninety-nine (99) years.

The business of this corporation shall be
managed and conducted by a president, secre-
tary, treasurer, and a board of directors com-
posed of not less than three nor more than
nine stockholders, and such other officers as
the Board of Directors may determine; the
number of directors elected at each annual
meeting of the stockholders shall determine the

published at Jacksonville, Fla. If The
Free Press happens to be on your ex-
change list, you should read it regu-
larly. If not on your exchange, you
should subscribe for The Free Press.
You will note The Free Press endorses
Catts. You will also oblige me by
scratching my name off your mailing
list. I don't want any more Florida


Ft. Pierce, Fla., Sept. 3, 1916.
Editor The Free Press:
I have received the copies of your
paper I wrote for, for which I thank
you. And now believing it the right
thing to do I wish by way of endorse-
ment and to encourage you in your
course as publisher to say that I am
in thorough accord with the principles
you are advocating and only hope you
will stand firm and never show the
"white feather" nor "never call re-
treat." I am 63 years old and never
voted any other ticket but the Jef-
fersonian Democratic or what I sup-
posed to be that. So also did my
father before me. Therefore I cannot
do otherwise than approve of your
course, as it is in accord with Scrip-
ture, of which I am an humble inde-
pendent preacher and believer. There-
fore I bid you "God-speed." Wish I
could say the same for all other pa-
pers, but none that I know of seem-
ingly have the moral courage to call
their souls their own, except The
Menace, Jeffersonian and American
-Citizen. Also I may include the Mi-
ami Metropolsi. All or nearly all our
great (?) dailies and "tri-weeklies"
seem to be afraid to speak out on
some of the most important issues of
the day, especially the Catholic ques-

never more mistaken in their lives be- ensuing year. A president, secretary and treas-
urer shall be elected by the Board of Directors
cause they are ignoring the pars- from among their number, at their first meet-
mount issue, which is, shall the pope ing after the annual meeting of the stock-
rule America? No one of sane mind holders. The names of the officers who shall
objects to the individual and honest4 conduct the business of this corporation until
objects to the individual and honest he first annual meeting of stockholders are
opinion of any one on religious ques- as follows: Charles M. White, President; I.
tions, for all are guaranteed by the William Adams, Secretary and Treasurer. The
Constitution-freedom of worship offices of secretary and treasurer may be held
I by one and the same person when duly elected.
conscience, speech, assembly and press The Board of Directors for the ensuing year,
-but to have the hierarch- trying to and until first annual meeting of the stock-
throttle all or most of these we cannot holders, shall be Charles M. White, 1. William
,, Adams and David M. Gornto.
tolerate, for, they are more precious ARTaD id V.r
,1 Tr*i ir m l-lr TlARTILdiEj VI.
than life itself. Shall we as a free lib- Meetings.
erty loving people "lie supinely on our The annual meeting of the stockholders of
backs, until we are tied hand and foot this corporation shall be held at its offices
in the City of Jacksonville, Duval County,
and conscience by the galling chains" Florida, on the second Monday in February, of
Of political Rome? God forbid. HOW each year, at which meeting a Board of Direct-
it is all to end I cannot foresee. Hon. ors shall be elected. The annual meeting of
T. E. Watson said in a r t i e of theBoard of Directors shall be held on the
T. E. Watson said in recent issue of same date as the annual stockholders' meet-
the Jeffersonian that "both sides are ing, at which meeting the said board shall elect
arming." If so is it not a literal ful- all other officers of this corporation. At such
fillmen of prophecy in -wThich t is meetings, any other matter of business prop-
fillment of prophecy in which it is early' coming before the same may be attend-
foretold that "in the last days" peril- ed to.
ous times shall come, etc.? I voted ARTICLE VII.
for Mr. Catts and expect to do so Te By-laws of corporation shall be
again, but Mr. Knott has betrayed the adopted, repealed or amended by the Board
confidence of the people who have in of Directors from time to time, at any of its
the past highly honored him. I en- meetings regularly held.
close $1.00 money order for The Free Indebtedness.
Press and will try to get Others to The highest amount of indebtedness to which
subscribe. I can only repeat my this corporation may at any time subject it-
prayer for your standfastness in the self shall be Fifty Thousand Dollars.
cause of the people. Remember the ATL IX.
The names and residences of the subscrib-
darkest hour is just before dawn. ers and the amount of capital stock sub-
Therefore may God bless you and scribed by each are as follows:
speed you. Amen. Charles M. White, Jacksonville, Florida, 249
- Sncerlyshares.
Sincerely, I. William Adams, Jacksonville, Florida, 249
J. S. COATS. shares.

of these signs appear. No convicts complain, nor do they look or act like
If the average -farm boy could but have such training and such quarters
as this without the forfeiture of liberty and respectability-but he can't! It
takes system'-iron clad discipline-inexorable responsibility for property, for
rule, for time and for punctuality, and these are purchased at a terrific price
-liberty and free, guiltless conscience. Here are found the conditions o
that "efficiency" which have made Germany merely "an army in possession
of a country." Here are found all the conditions that make the minds of
some men turn toward the dogma of Socialism for results that are to be had
only at the price of liberty, freedom and individuality. The collective effect
upon the-senses ol the visitor rather declare "this is the best way to live and
farm"--but we know the price is too dear-only in a jail or prison or in the
Teutonic armies or their equivalent can these results be obtained-and while
we might try to persuade free peoples to live and do this way collectively in
order to get such results, we know they will never do it short of some benevo-
lent despotism that shall be as powerful as the seclusion of a stockade, and
from which all freedom-loving men will turn away as is their right to do.
Even with the extra costs of this constructive period, the average cost
per inmate has been but 70 cents per day. It will be reduced to. about 20
cents in time.


Dedicated to W. V. Knott.

On the seventh of November
That's the day when we must vote;
So get registered-and ready,
Then, while waiting, please take note
That some things have really happened,
Far too had for honest men,
Still some Knott-ites seem to think we're
Bigger fools than they have been.

Now, for instance, look at Trammell,
He was running in the race;
So was Gilchrist, Wall and Bryan,
But they didn't reach the place.
These three last ones saw their finish,
When the votes were counted out;
Each one, man enough to answer
"Trammell wins" without a doubt.

Here's our compliments to Hudson,
Who with Wood and Farris, too;
Tried to win, but when defeated
Humbly bowed and said "We're through."
Knott was beaten just like Hudson,
But refused to bow his head,
When he failed to get elected
'Cause folks. wanted Catts instead.


Automobiles for Hire-
G. B. Mobley, Northwest Corner Laura and. Main, phone 104.
Automobile Tires-
Double Tread Co. One-third price. See them. 911 Hogan, phone 506.
Bicycles and Repairing-
Ramis Cyele Co., No. 10 West Ashley, phone 1951.
Custom Toilors-
Alderman Co. Suits to individual measure. 647 W. Bay, pjhone 1311.
Wm. L. Mallette. Suits to measure. $15 and up. 622 Main, phone 3274.
Dry Goods and Ready-to-Wear-
F. W.- Butler & Co., Men's and Women's Ready-to-Wear, 637 W. Bay,
phone 1311.
Eye Glasses and Optician-
J. H. Keen, Expert Oculist, No. 50 W. Forsyth, phone 4726.
Furniture and House Furnishings- "*
Newsom-Kennedy Furniture Co., 429 W. Adams, phone 4428.
Hats Renovated and Blocked-
Havana Hat Co., Old Hats Made New, 145 Broad Street, phone 7533.
Pressing and Cleaning-
Wm. L. Mallette. All work guaranteed to please. 622 Main, phone 3274.
Valet System. Expert Cleaners. 109 W. Adams, phone 2V859.
Star Studio. Individual and Commercial'Work. 129Y W. Bay, phone
R. H. Jones & Co., Fine Shoes at a Bargain. 26 Broad St., phone 7016.
J. B. Dixon Shoe Co., Classy Footwear, 1114 Main St., phone 4837.
Paints and Hardware-
Stinson & McGowan, 141 Broad St., phone 1603.
Real Estate-
John D. Bishchoff, No. 10 Baldwin Bldg., phone M-2659.
J. V. Burke, Florida Lands, No. 8 Baldwin Bldg., phone 4581.
Burns & Campbell, 45 W. Church St., phone 1539.


Bring this ad with you. All kinds of Photograph and Commercial
Work Attended to Promptly.

* XX-X.-XX X XX X-X-,X-x*-X -XXXXXX-X- X x xxX-X *X XXXXX Y, x-X-*-X-x-x
* Bell Phone 1539 Home Phone M-1539


88 AND ,k

* Jacksonville, Florida

David M. Gornto, Jacksonville, Florida, 2
In witness whereof, the said incorporators
and -subscribers have hereunto subscribed
their names.
County of Duval-ss.
Before me this day personally came Charles
M. White, I. Williani Adams and David "M.
Gornto to me well known and known to be
the persons who subscribed the foregoing Ar-
ticles of Incorporation, and severally ac-
knowledged before me that they executed and
subscribed the same for the uses and purposes
therein expressed.
Witness my hand and official seal this the
6th day of September, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) A. L. MILLER,
Notary Public, State of Florida.
My commission expires April 11, 1917.

To J. A. Lankford, defendant, and all per-
sons interested in the above entitled cause:
You and each one of you are hereby re-
quired and ordered to appear to the above
entitled action of attachment on or before
the second Monday of October, next, same,
being the 16th day of October, A. D., 1916.
The Free Press is hereby designated as the
newspaper in which this order shall be pub-
lished once a week for one month.
Witness my hand as Judge of said Court of
Duval County, Florida, this 25th day of Au-
gust, A. D. 1916.
Justice of the Peace, llth District.


As an educator, as a means of revealing to the people their own powers
and responsibilities and as a reminder to officials of their own powers, duties
and limitations, this campaign, while fraught with loud lamentations from
\ the oligarchs and political breadliners about the extinction of "real leaders"
and the runaway indiscretion of the imbecile populace, is nevertheless a bless-
ing-in disguise. We find the masses now realizing what all these things mean
-how they touch the life and liberties and welfare of every child and adult
-how certain simple remedies and safeguards are within the reach of the
people themselves and it is the fault of the people themselves if they do not
reclaim and hold the reins of their own self-government against oligarchy
and political debauchery. -
Behold the Honorable Alex St. Clair-Abrams trying to hark us back to
mediaeval ideals of propriety, authority and fitness! He assumes that the
people simply are not smart enough to attend to their own affairs-but for-
sooth Alex St. Clair-Abrams knows all about it if the people would just con-
sult him at every turn and hang upon his every word! What will we do
when the "smart Alex" are all: gone-they cannot live with us forever. The
moth-eaten dogma of the unfitness of the populace can live about as long in
.-ij ow an intelligent people-as intelligent only as the people of Florida-
as the turbercular bacillus can live in the sunlight! Both are alike-they
insidiously prey upon the vitals of human beings.
And here we have Maester Jordan, of Punta 'Gater or somewhere, ex-
pounding upon the philosophy of leadership! Trying to show that it is
wrong to respect the public as an intelligent governing force-the people,
egad, are NOT fit to be the governing force-they didn't choose Jordan in
preference to Crawford for secretary of state, ye know-and we're going to
the bow-wows, we are, for the want of those stern, forceful, unyielding, hyp-
notic Dan Webster, Henry Clay sort of fellows that take the people by the
snaffle and lift them off of their irresponsible, infantile feet and carry them
like so many rabbits by the ears to the places of political and social safety,
prepared by "Me and God" for the common herd of humanity. To respect
the will of a people-to be able to divine the better aspirations, capacities,
aims, desires and possibilities of a common people like those of Florida-and
then to place oneself at the head of that mighty host and successfully bring
them to where they would and should go-that is not LEADERSHIP-0 no!
That is merely the triumph of the common herd of free people, who must have
arrived through something of the luck of a baby rolling down stairs unhurt.
j Well, for the information of Maester Jordan, he will find, if he but looks
back among the anecdotes and episodes of those immortals called leaders
now supposedly extinct, that they led by exactly the same signs and forces
that have developed Sidney J. Catts before the people of Florida during the
progress of this war of the nations, produced, incited, provoked and prolonged.
,by POPERY, which has long sought to recover AMERICA for the papal do-
minion, and singularly enough Catts called free Americans to rally around the
standard of "Nothing in Florida Above the Nation's Flag;" the rare spectacle
of a real LEADER appearing suddenly in our midst and causing the tin-horn
aspirants to public incumbency to bend like grass before a swirling hurricane
of powerful leadership, is the commotion that has astounded and alarmed
Maester Jordan and others, including the Florida Times-Union; don't be
alarmed-it will not happen again soon-men of the calibre and power of
CATTS are too rare.
However, let us not begrudge the poor, common people-that enlighten-
ment which enables them to rule and choose for themselves their own leaders;
let us not seek to belittle their achievements toward a broader liberty and inde-
pendence. Let us not try to deny the genuinity of the leadership that has
developed under the penetration of this campaign and its upheavals.

Duval County, Florida, this 28th day of July, All members of the House of Representatives
A. D. 1916. elected at the general election in' 1918, their
(Seal) G. A. STEPHENS, term of office shall expire on the first Monday
Justice of the Peace. in April, 1921, and thereafter the term of
S. K. David, office of all members of the House of Repre-
Attorney for Plaintiff. sentatives shall commence on the first Tues-
aug3-9t day after the first Monday in April next suc-
ceeding the election. At the general election
IN CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH JUDICIAL in 1920 and thereafter, all Senators to be
CIRCUIT OF FLORIDA, IN AND FOR elected shall be elected for a term of four
DUVAL COUNTY-IN CHANCERY. years, the term to begin on the first Tuesday
Nellie C. Nall Order of after the first Monday in April of the follow-
vs. Service By ng year, except that when a new county is
Eugene k. Nall. Publication. created, the Legislature shall at that time fix
the length of the term of the first Senator
To Eugene H. Nall, Address Unknown: to be elected therefrom at two or four years
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the with the end in view of keeping the number
Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in of old Senators in a balance with the number
the above entitled cause on the 4th day of of the new."
September, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press Section 3 of Article VII of the Constitu-
is hereby designated as the newspaper in tion is hereby amended so as to read as fol-
which this order shall be published once a lows:
week for eight consecutive weeks. "The regular session of the Legislature
Witness my hand and seal of office this 21st that shall meet in 1917 shall apportion the
day of June, A. D. 1916. representation in the House of Representa-
(Seal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk. ties, as in this Arffcle provided, which appor-
By O., H. NOLAN, tionment shall be based upon the last census
Deputy Clerk. taken by the State of Florida or by the United
L. F. Brothers, States, which ever is the last taken, in the
Solicitor for Complainant. several counties of the State, and those that
shall meet every ten years thereafter shall ap-
portion the representation in the House of
NOTICE OF ELECTION. Representatives in the manner in this Article
provided, which apportionment shall be based
Whereas, the Legislature of 1915, under the upon the last census enumeration taken by
Constitution of 1885, of the State of Florida, the State of Florida, or by the United States,
did pass three Joint Kesolutions proposing which ever is the last taken next before the
amendments to the Constitution of the State Legislature so apportioning the representa-
of Florida, and the same were agreed to by tion shall convene."
a vote of three-fifths of all the members Section 4 of Article VII of the Constitu-
elected to each house; that the votes on said tion is hereby amended so as to read as fol-
Joint Resolutions were entered upon their re- lows:
spective Journals, with the yeas and nays "When any new county is created by the
thereon, and they did determine and direct that Legislature it shall be entitled to one Sena-
the said JoiInt Resolutions be submitted to the tor and one member of the House of Repre-
electors of the state at the General Election sentatives, until the next enumeration pro-
in November, 1916. vided for in Section 5, of this Article, that
Now, therefore, I, H. Clay Crawford, Sec- shall be taken after the creation of the said
retary of State of the State of Florida, do new county, or until the next census enumera-
hereby give notice that a tion that shall be taken by the United States
ELECT-ION of America after the creation of the said new
GENERAL ELECTION county, whichever shall the sooner be taken
will-be held in each county in Florida onn Tues- after the creation of said new county, when
day next succeeding the first Monday in No- it shall be entitled to one member of the
member, A. D. 1916, the said Tuesday being the House of Representatives for every ten thou-
sand of population, or the major fraction
SEVENTH DAY OF NOVEM- thereof the same as other counties."
for the ratification or rejection of the said Amendment to Section 1 of Article VI of
Joint Resolutions proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Florida as
the Constitution of the State of Florida, viz: amended by Joint Resolution No. 2, Acts of
1893, Relating to Suffrage and Eligibility.
A JOINT RESOLUTION proposing an Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State
Amendment to Section 9 of Article 9 of the of Florida:
State Constitution, Relating to Taxation and That the following amendment to Section
Finance. 1 of Article VI of the Constitution of the
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State State of Florida be, and the same is hereby
of Florida: t agreed to and shall be submitted to the elect-
That the following amendment of Section ors of the State at the general election in 1916
9 of Article 9 of the Constitution of the State, for ratification or rejection:
relating to Taxation and Finance, is hereby Section 1. Every male person of the age
agreed to and shall be submitted to the elect- of twenty-one years and upwards who is a
ors of the State for adoption or rejection at citizen of the United States at the time he
the next general election hereafter; that is applies to register shall be deemed a qualified
to say, that Section 9 of Article 9 of the Con- elector at all elections under the Constitution
stitution of the State be amended to read as of the State of Florida; provided, that he pos-
follows: sesses the following additional qualifications:
"Section 9. There shall be exempt from He shall have resided and had his Perma-
taxation property to the value of five hundred nent home and place of abode in the State of
dollars to every widow that has a family de- Florida for one year, and in the county where-
pendent on her for support, and to every per- in he applies to register for six months, pre-
son who is a bona fide resident of the State vious thereto.
and has lost a limb or been disabled in war He must be able to read, write and in-
or by misfortune, terpret any Section of the Constitution of the
State of Florida at the time he applies to
A JOINT RESOLUTION Proposing an register and vote.
Amendment to Sections 2, 8 and 4 of Ar- He must own in his own right property to
ticle VII of the Constitution of the State the Value of not less than five hundred dol-
of Florida, Relating to Census. and Appor- lars, which fact shall be determined only by
tionment. the assessment books of the county at the
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of the State time he applies to register and vote.
of Florida: He must not have been convicted, previous
That the following amendments to the Con- to the time he applies to register or vote. of
stitution of the'State of Florida be, and the larceny, robbery, forgery, perjury or bribery
same are hereby agreed to, and the same shall in any, of the courts of any State or of the
be submitted to the electors of the state 'at the United States, or if so convicted, he most
general election in 1916, for ratification or have been restored to the rights of citirenship.
rejection: Provided, however, That no person or lineal
Section 2 of Article VII is hereby amended descendant of any such person, who was on
so as to read as follows: January first, 1867, or prior thereto, entitled
"The Legislatures that shall convene in the to vote under the Constitutions and laws of
year of 1919 and thereafter shall consist of any of the States or Territories, or entitled to
one member of the Senate from each county vote under any form of government, or any
in the State, and of one member of the House naturalized citizen or his descendants, shall
of Representatives from each county in the be denied the right to register and vote be-
State for every ten thousand of population cause he shall not be able to read, write and
therein, or the major fraction thereof where interpret any Section of the Constitution of
there may be a major fraction left over after the State of Florida, as above provided. or
dividing the whole number of population of because he shall not own property of the value
the county by the number ten thousand; pro- above specified; naturalized citizens of the
vided, that each county shall have at least one United States, however, at the time there ap-
Representative and that no county shall have ply, and before they shall be admitted to *reg-
more than three Representatives in the House sister, shall present to the registration officer
of Representatives. The members of the certificate of his naturalization, or a duly
House of Representatives shall be elcted for authenticated copy thereao.
a term of two years and the members of the Sec. 2. Upon the adoption of this amend-
Senate shall be elected for a term of four ment to the Constitution, the Legislature shall
years, except as hereinafter provided. The enact appropriate law to carry the purpose
election for members for each branch shall be of this amendment into effect.
at the same time and places. The term of
office of Senators elected in 1916 shall expire The votes cast In compliance with said Pro-
on the first Monday In April, 1919. The term Ths te est in dom Jly. wt u. pro-
of office of Senators elected in 1918 from posed amendments, and the canter s
the following counties, to-wit: Eseambis, tions and returns thereof, shall be subjbeted
Gadsden, Jackson, Leon, Madison, Lafayette, to the same regulations and restrictions aas W
Taylor, Columbia, Nassau. Duval, Marion, provided by law for general elections in the
Sumter, Jefferson, Lee. Monroe, Putnam, Vo- State of Florida.
lusia, Hamilton, Alachua, Broward, Liberty, in testimony whereof, I have haereuto set
Herand, Pneias Brvar, al. Bech ndmy hand and affixed the Great Seal of the
Herano, inlla, revrd Pa.-Beah ndState of Florida. at Taliabknse. the
Levy, shall expire on the first Monday in
Aprl,192.. 11 a6-the 1n-tr -t1-e+.Acedthis the twenty-fifth day of Job., A.D. 191L

Attorney for Plaintiff.
Notice is hereby given that under and by
virtue of a Decree made and rendered on the
24th day of August, A. D. 1916, in the Cir-
cuit Court of the Fourth Judicial Circuit of
the State of Florida, in and for Duval County,
Florida, In Chancery, in a suit therein pend-
ing wherein Drusie D. Travis and G. B.
Travis, her husband, are complaints, and
W. C. Warrington, et. al., are defendants
(6657-E), I will offer for sale and sell at
public auction to the highest and best bidder
or bidders for cash in front of the eastern
door of the County Court House in the City
of Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida, on
Monday, the 2nd day of October, A. D. 1916/
the same being a Rule Day of said Court,
during the legal hours of sale, all that cer-
tain piece, parcel or tract of land situate,
lying and being in the County of Duval and
State of Florida, more particularly described
as follows
The North Two Hundred and Ten Feet (210)
of- Lot 1, Block 12, Warrington's Subdivision,
Section 16, Township 2, S. R. as per plat
recorded in plat Book 5, page 32, of the public
records of Duval County, Florida.
Together with all and singular the tene-
ments, hereditaments and appurtenances
thereunto belonging or in anywise appertain-
The same to be sold to satisfy said decree.
As Special Master.
Solicitors for Complaints.
(5 insertions.)

Address Unknown.
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the
Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in
the above entitled cause on the 6th day of
November, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is
hereby designated as the newspaper in which
this order shall be published once a week for
eight consecutive weeks.
WITNESS my hand and seal of office this
25th day of August, A. D. 1916.
By 0. H. NOLAN,
(Seal.) Deputy Clerk.
Solicitors for Complainant.


Chipley, Fla., Sept. 5. 1916.
Mr. Herbert A. Felkel,
Managing Editor Florida Record,
Tallahassee, Fla.:
Dear Sir-I am in receipt of a copy
of The Florida Record, dated August
31str which is respectfully returned
herewith, unopened and unread.
For your information I will say that
I am an ardent supporter and admirer
of the Hon. Sidney J. Catts, the just
and legally nominated goverernor of
For the past 25 years I have been
voting for the Knott family, believ-
ing they were the chosen elect of the
people. During the campaign preced-
in the June primary election I gave
this question serious consideration and

become convinced that we have many
other worthy and competent citizens
of our state who could fill an office
equally as well as members of the
Knott family.
After having supported W. V. Knott
these many years, I am surprised and
disappointed in -him when I find that
he is so ungrateful and selfish as to
put himself in the attitude of being
willing to sacrifice the Democratic
party in this state to gratify his am-
bition to be governor. There can be
no question but what Knott was fair-
ly and honestly defeated and he should
accept his defeat in the same spirit
others who went down with him ac-,
cepted theirs. Catts will sweep West
Florida, and, in my opinion, he will
sweep the state- It is freely predict-
ed that W. V. Knott will retire in dis-
grace to private life after the general
election. Thousands like myself will
continue to do all in their power to
elect Catts.
Returning your compliment, I am
sending you herewith a copy of The

Laura E. Mitchell Order of
vs. Service By
Arthur T. Mitchell. Publication.
To Arthur P. Mitchell, Jacksonville, Fla.:
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the
Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in
the above entitled cause on the 2nd day of Oc-
tober, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is here-
by designated as the newspaper in which this
order shall be published once a week for four
consecutive weeks.
Witness my hand and seal of office this 21st
day of August, A. D. 1916.
(Seal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk.
By 0. H. NOLAN,
Deputy Clerk.
Butler & Boyer,
Solicitors for Complainant.

in th year 1918 their term of office snau
2- U A-6 f-A. --- 4- An- *i 2-a

Nellie Payne Order of
vs. o Service By
0. H. Payne. Publication.
To 0. H. Payne, residence unknown:
It is hereby ordered that you appear to the
Bill of Complaint filed herein against you in
the above entitled cause on the second day of
October, A. D. 1916, and The Free Press is
hereby designated as the newspaper in which
this order shall be published once a week for
eight consecutive weeks.
Witness my hand and seal of office this 2nd
day of August, A, D. 1916.
(Seal) FRANK BROWN, Clerk.
Deputy Clerk.
Lionel F. Brothers,
Solicitor for Complainant.

S. Joseph & Bros.
Evelyn Simmons.
To Evelyn Simmons, defendant, and all per-
sons interested in the above entitled cause.
You and each one of you are hereby re-
quiied and ordered to appear to the above
entitled action of attachment on or before
the first Monday of October, A. D. 1916.
The Free Press is hereby designated as the
newspaper in which this order shall be pub-
lished once a week for two months.

ftentay af eta"


- I IP 3341 T I Y I IL_-

Opinions of Press and People
(Continued from First Page)
The Anti-Saloon League is engaged in a great cause, but evi-
dently Mr. Pendleton thinks that its one duty is toward the aboli-
tion of the liquor traffic, while The Tribune rightly sees that there
are many evils besides the saloon that need to be done away with
-even the elimination of political tricksters from the leadership
of the Anti-Saloon movement!
Undoubtedly Mr. Pendleton has .injured the Anti-Saloon
League and his retirement from the superintendency should be de-
sired by the members of the organization. The cause is too great
a one and too much in need of the respect of all the people to have
it injured by the antics of one little man.
Nor .would we leave this without a further expression of ap-
preciation for The Tampa Tribune. It is a great newspaper, pub-
lished with editorial and mechanical skill unsurpassed by any other
newspaper in the South, and it is daily becoming a more positive
force against the evils that publicity and a molder of public opinion
can remedy.
Mr. Pendleton is pretty certain to see The Tribune one of the
strongest helpers in the state-wide elimination of the liquor traffic
and its many evil side-lines, and pending that time he will see it
continue to fire telling broadsides against crooked "recount pro-
ceedings," against unfair efforts to beat a Democratic nominee out
of an honestly got nomination, and against everything else that
seems inimical to the best interests of the people!

Panama, Felt and Straw Hats
Cleaned, Repaired and Blocked

In the latest .styles at small cost.


A trial is all we ask. Our work talks
for itself. Out-of-town orders
a specialty.
-....--...***......^* *=* * *

lines, the venom displayed by the Jas-
per News leads me to believe the News
must be in sympathy with the remarks
of the Catholic bishop at the big
Catholic conclave recently held in New
York City when said bishops urged
all Catholics to vote for men for office
in sympathy with their principles,
they had three million voters and held
the balance of power.
Brother, if this is your sentiment,
renounce your protestant faith and
unite with the Catholic church. Broth-
er, if this is your sentiment, be care-
ful how you line up the old veterans
with the whiskey bunch, Catholics and
railroads; it might act as a boom-er-
Now, kind reader, if you are fond of
dancing, -select your partners for old
Virginia reel while I sing:
London's bridge is all fell in,
Oh, Catts, remember me!
London's bridge is all fell in;
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn, turn,
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn.
Mend it up with sticks and clay,
Oh, Catts, remember me!
Sticks and clay will wash away;
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn turn,
To-me-hi-co Knott-y turn!

Editor The Free Press:
Allow a subscriber, an independent
voter at twenty-two state and national
elections, who for years has voted the
Democratic state and county tickets
and who voted for Wilson in the last
national election, to congratulate you
for the good fight you make against
Rum and Romanism trying to control
our elections and through them our
liberties and free common schools and
whole educational system. The com-
mon free school is the melting pot in
which the rich man's children meet on
terms of aquilty the children of their
father's employees and laborers,
where the children of members of dif-
ferent churches learn that there is
only one and the same God wor-
shipped in them all. It is the place
where the foreigner's children learn
to love their parents' new country, its
laws and institutions; learn that the
opportunities here are equal to all,
and that by using and cultivating their
brain and observing the laws and cus-
toms of the country and the moral ob-
ligations of every citizen they can rise
to the highest positions of honor and
trust which the state and the nation
offer. Any church organization or
hierarchy which, like the Roman, con-
trary to our Master's teachings that
his kingdom is not of this world, tries
to control or lay its blighting hands
on any part of our schools or educa-
tional institutions, should be promptly
rebuked by overwhelming defeat in
our elections.
I am sorry that our comptroller, Mr.
Knott, with whom I some 30 years
ago had peasant business relations
in the county clerk's office in Sumter-
ville, should, after so many years of
honorable service as a county and
state official, in his desire for the high-
est office in our state, ally himself
with the greedy and soul-murdering
whiskey ring and the all morals in
their methods defying Jesuits. If Mr.
Knott, when defeated in the primary,
had waited four years and run again
he would sure have been elected gov-
ernor. His friends, of whom I was
one, have left him politically and he
has made himself impossible to be a
candidate again. Rev. S. J. Catts is
sure of election, whatever the courts
decide. "Ille fariet," said the father
of King Gustavus Adolphus, who
fought and sacrificed his life in the
30 years' war for religious liberty
against the Catholic powers. "Ille
fairest we say about S. J. Catts. "He
will do it." We, the electors, are the
court of last resort, the supreme court
above the other. And I beg the elect-
ors when casting -their votes to con-
sider and to attend to another matter.
The Constitution shall be interpreted
verbally. When the last Legislature
tried by an amendment of Section 9,
Article, to increase the exemption of
property of widows from taxation
from $200 to $500, it added after
"widow" the words, "that has a family
dependent on her for support." There
are many poor widows and one is my
neighbor, whose families have grown
up or have scattered and consequently
they are so. much more needy. The
help the present exemption of $200
value gives is by this taken from
them, but the peremptory command in
the proposed change: "There shall be
exempt from taxation, etc.," gives to
the rich or well-to-do widow a gra-

tuitous gift. If the words "or who is
dependent for her support on her own
labor or exertions" had been added the
poor widow without a family would
have been helped. Vote against this
amendment and let the next Legisla-
ture chang ethe wording. Further,
vote against the amendment of Sec-
tion -, Article VI, the so-called
"grandfather's clause." The United
States Supreme Court has declared the
same to be invalid in a case from Ken-
tucky. It is a sham, was intended to
be a fradd and a sham. It is unwor-
thy of our state to try to deprive the
negroes of their franchise by a fraud

sea xx xx x stWarse?:

LUNKALULLA COUNTS only be played once during an evening.
ONLY ONE TIME. so the decision of the Supreme Court
Suin these election cases, rules that a
A prominent attorney told the fol- unkalulla can only be held one time."
lowing story to a bunch of eager list- TRANSPOSITION
eners on the streets of this city a few TRAN S ON.
days ago: A device of words and quibbling
"In the case of Mayes versus Ke- w evice o words and quibblings
hoe eight years' ago, Kehoe did not wheby that llwhich at first means
center a contest in the courts, but pro- onethg finally means another, cor-
tested to the board against the count- only used to start out right and wind
ing of the votes in Woodville precinct, up wrong.
where 92 votes had been cast and only
63 names on the registration list, and Life on an Island.
only 63 white men in that voting pre- Residents of islands and small penin-
cinct. Having filed the protest be- sulas live longer than persons who
fore the Canvassing Board and dwell on the mainland.
brought the 63 men before them as
witnesses, proving that they were all THE FREE PRESS.
the white voters in that precinct, the
Canvassing Board rejected the returns
and threw out the entire vote, issuing Is on sale at the following news-
a certificate of nomination to Kehoe stands:
as candidate for Congress from that Forsyth News Co., corner Main and
district, with a majority of 19. Forsth
"Mayes appealed to the Supreme FosytH.
Court, securing a writ directed to the Snyder Drug Co., Main and Duval.
Canvassing Board to reconvene and
count the votes from Woddville pre- x-X xx.*XX X x--x--xx-x x-x-xx-x*x.x .x.xX
cinct on the ground that Kehoe should X Bell Phone 104
have objected at the time the inspect- *
ors canvassed the vote cast in that Mobley's Auto Service
precinct and not have waited until the e N. W. Corner Bay *
matter was before the Canvassing an H S
Board. In other words, the matter a o g St
was 'res adpudicata.' The court grant- Car No. 2064 Car No. 1939 e
ed the writ and Mayes received the 'X-***xXtf x XX-XX xXX XX -
"In the case of Knott, as handed
down, they reversed the decision in S
the Mayes-Kehoe case and ordered
the County Canvassing Board to go
behind the returns and recanvass the S
votes which in the Mayes-Kehoe case ---
this same court stated could not be RA
done. This reminds me of the gambler
raised near Milledgeville, Ga., who had
acquired such a reputation as a poker B O
player that he could not get anyone
there in a game with hini, so he went 1 0
to New York and thought he would J N
tackle big game. In a gambling
house there one evening he held a
straight flush. He bet pretty liberally The Bond Sales Co. has charge. So
on his hand and when called stated
that he was winner, that he held a at half price. The order is given.
royal flush, which could not be beaten.
His opponent said 'you lose,' turning SALE STARTS SATURDAY
around, pointing to a card on the wall,
told him that he must observe the Slaughter SLASH. St
rules on the wall; that a lunkalulla
would beat all other hands. Then he R. H. JONES CO. SHOE
asked him what a lunkalulla was,
which was two, four, six, eight and
ten of the same suit. The Georgia
gambler shoved the money over, say-
ing it was all right; that he had learned B y T
something by coming to New York. He icl i
played some two hours more and final-
ly drew a lunkalulla himself, and bet i 1
all his money on it; when called, he Near Enough fromain S
threw down his hand and stated that -ar Enough from Ma
he was winner, saying that he held a yc
lunkalulla. His opponent says 'You R Tmi s C yc1
lose; you should observe the rules of
the game,' pointing to the card on the 10 W. Beaver St.
wall, which had been turned around *
and now stated that a lunkalulla could

XX YY XY X*Y -C Y X Y-X-XX, X XX ** X*LXt x


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(Continued from First Page)

State of Florida, Hamilton County.
Before me a Notary Public, personally appeared R. W. Oates,
one of the inspectors of the primary election held* on June 6th,
1916, at White Springs, Hamilton County, Election District No. 3,
who does hereby make affidavit that the count of ballots as cast in
said Precinct No. 3, for governor as recorded by the inspectors on
June 6th and the recount made by them on August 22nd, does not
I make further affidavit that the count as recorded on June
6th was correct to the best of my knowledge and belief, and I fur-
ther believe that the ballots counted at Jasper on August 22, 1916,
are not the same as counted by us on June 6th, 1916.
The fact is that, in the recount there was 26 second choice
votes for W. V. Knott that were not voted as recorded on June 6th,
and the marking of these second choice votes seemed to have been
marked by other hand-writing other than the voters of the respec-
tive ballots.
Sworn to and subscribed before me at White Springs, Fla.,
August 28th, 1916.
My commission expires April 14, 1917.

September 14th, Thursday-10 a.
m., Nocatee; 3 p. m., Ft. Ogden; 8
p. m., Punta Gorda.
September 15th, Friday-10 a. m.,
-; 3 p. m., Ft. Myers; 8 p. m.,
September 16th, Saturday-10 a.
m., ; 3 p. m., ; 8 p. m.,
Ft. Green.
September 18th, Monday-10 a. m.,
Zephyrhills; 3 p. m., Dade City; 8 p.
m., Brooksville.
September 19th, Tuesday-10 a. m.,
Inverness; 3 p. m., Morriston; 8 p. m.,
September 20th, Wednesday-10 a.
m., Bronson; 3 p. m., Newberry; 8 p.
m., Gainesville.
September 21st, Thursday, 10 a. m.,
Micanopy; 3 p. m., Hawthorne; 8 p.
m., Waldo.
September 22nd Friday, 10 a. m.,
Graham; 3 p. m., Brooklyn; 8 p. m.,
September 23, Saturday-10 a. m.,
High Springs; 3 p. m., Ft. White; 8
p. m., Branford.
September 25, Monday-10 a. m.,
Tallahassee; 3 p. m., Quincy; 8 p. m.
River Junction.
September 26, Tuesday-10 a. m.,
Marianna; 3 p. m., Ohipley; 8 p. m.,
September 27, Wednesday-10 a.
m., Careyville; 8 p. m., DeFuniak.

The Guardians of Liberty meet in
P. 0. S. of A. hall, Herkimer building,
136 E. Bay street, first and third Sun-
day afternoon at 3:30 o'clock of each
month. Visiting members are invited
to attend all meetings.

and a sham. Do it directly, if you
want to do it.
Active Elector at 22 State, Congres-
sional and National Elections in
Florida, from Greely-Grant ,1872,
to present time. Have not missed
one election. .


Lake City, Fla., Sept. 11, 1916.
Col. T. J. Appleyard,
Publsher of the Florida Record,
Tallahassee, Florida:
Dear Colonel-In the Record of
September 7 you republish an edi-
torial from the Lake City Index con-
taining a resolution prepared by me
relating to a meeting of the Federat-
ed Catholic Societies held in New
York during the month of August, to-
gether with your comments, expressing
your surprise that I would have any-
thing to do with such resolutions, say-
ing that I have "heretofore lined up
with the progressive element of Flor-
ida politics," and asking why such
resolutions at this time and inquiring
if they are aimed at President Wilson.
You are mistaken. I have never
lined up with that element in Florida
politics that has found it necessary
to prefix the word "progressive" to
the good old word "Democrat." For
fifteen years I have advocated that
old-fashioned Democracy that was so
dear to the lives of -those great men
who brought this nation into being,
and a few years ago I went on the
stump in a number of counties in Flor-
ida and..denounced the practice of ap-
plying modern prefixes to this dear old
I am a Democrat without any words
of description or qualification, and I
have no patience with those gentlemen
who proclaim themselves to be 1Pr -
gressive Democrats."
If a man claims to be a "Progres-
sive Democrat," then he cannot be a
Democrat; he is something more or
less than a Democrat, and I have al-
ways considered him less.
The word "Democrat" is big enough
and good enough for me.
I have always been opposed to re-
ligious-political societies and secret-
political organizations, the first being
the most pernicious of the two, for
the reason that its leaders may bring
its members to the understanding that
the success of the organization is a
part of the program of worship. This
may easily be done, and we can very
readily compass the danger to our
government if such a society should
grow to a membership o three mil-
When the Sturkie resolutions .were
adopted by the state committee last
January I thought they were good
resolutions, and I defended them
here. It appeared to me that they
would prevent the participation in po-
litical matters of both the religious
and secret political organizations, if
such organizations exist. The Catho-
lics stated that they were not a po-
litical body, that such matters were
not discussed by them in their organi-
zations, and, not being a Catholic, and
having no further information, I be-
lieved them. But when the Federated
Catholic Societies convened in New
York last month the press dispatches
revealed the fact that they do discuss
political matters; that this meeting,
and I presume it is the largest gather-
ing of Catholics in America, listened
to addresses by delegates who advo-
cated that all Catholics -vote as one
man, that their organizations number
three million members, and that they,
by voting together, may bring about
favorable conditions for Catholics.
This was astounding. I had been
deceived. I had believed the Catholics
when they proclaimed that they had
nothing to do with politics. I felt that
the' Democratic party should be
urged of such men calling themselves
The speeches of those Catholics at
that meeting show conclusively that
political matters are given considera-
tion by the societies composing the
federation, and that such speeches are
the result of an extensive agitation
conducted among the membership of
such societies before the convention
of the federation.
It shows that these parties will de-
ny their participation in political af-
fairs as a body, when they are ac-
tually'engaged in such work; it shows
that such agitation has reached such
an advanced stage that members of
the societies will dare to voice their
political opinions before the federation
in the face of public denial; and it
shows ,that a situation has arisen, or
is fast arising, when it will be diffi-
cult to prevent the enactment of laws
for the "bringing about of proper con-
ditions" as understood by Catholics as
Catholics, and not as citizens.
So, Colonel, I prepared the resolu--
tion complained of, without any ref-
erence to President Wilson, without
any conference with anyone, because
I believe this to be a matter on which

the. Democratic party of Florida
should speak, and I believe it will
speak in condemnatory terms of such
practices on the part of Catholics.
Now, Colonel, the campaign you are
waging for your friend, Mr. Knott,
has developed into a laudatory and
defensive campaign of Catholicism,
which development convinces me, and
will convince the people of Florida
that your campaign is contributed to

and supported by Catholic sympathiz-
ers for the purpose of seizing some
control of the state government of
Go to it, Colonel!
And if your pages should suddenly
or gradually cease to be replete with
such defensive and laudatory matter,
it will be accepted as further proof
that Catholic influence is supporting
your campaign, and that they have di-
rected you to cease their defense, in
order that the people of Florida may
be deceived and their votes secured in
Go to it, Colonel!
This letter is not a personal one,
and you may give it publicity.
Yours truly,
In my last article to The Free Press
I tried to impress upon the mind of
the reader that "Catts did it," but
fearing some will decide I was draw-
ing on my imagination or prevaricat-
ing I will cite as further proof to sub-
stantiate the assertion using the
statements published in the Times-
Union by W. V. Knott, which can't be
Concerning the Greenville precinct,
Madison county, Mr. Knott says: "The
emissaries of Catts did it so the blame
would be placed on his shoulders." It
seems unreasonable that Catts sup-
porters would change the ballots in
said precincts, reducing his vote from
95 first and second choice to 57 votes
when we know Mr. Catts ,wanted and
needed every vote to defeat Mr. Knott.
Again, in Glen St. Mary precinct,
Baker county, Mr. Knott says in one
statement "From this it would appear
that some of the Catts supporters
have been driven to desperation in or-
der to prevent a fair and accurate
count of the ballots." In another
statement Mr. Knott says: "I do not
know where or how these ballots were
taken from the ballot-box. Now, we
have two statements from Mr. Knott
concerning the Glen St. Mary precinct
which seem to conflict one with the
other, and it appears Mr. Knott
jumped at conclusions in race-horse
style to beat Mr. Catts to it. How-
ever, we are undecided which state-
ment is correct; at the same time the
whole business looks kinder suspi-
cious. By referring to the Times-
Union August 19th, we find in bold,
large letters, "Ballot Box Robbed,"
followed with an article giving details
of the robbery, which was the first no-
tice to the public that the ballots were
missing, and following said article in
the same'column appears the state-
ment from Mr. Knott quoted above.
Therefore, considering all the circum-
stances connected therewith I conclude
Mr. Knott must certainly believe in
Referring again to the Greenville
precinct,- Times-Union, August 23rd,
Mr. Knott says: "I have also ascer-
tained that the persons whose names
appear on 'Mr. Catts' Greenville affi-
davit did not as a matter of fact per-
sonally appear before the notary
whose jurat appears on the affidavit."
Council. Bush, the notary referred to
by Mr. Knott, replies to the above quo-
tation and says: "I wish to state here
plainly and emphatically that the
above statement is absolutely false, I
being the notary who took these affi-
davits, and state here- that each of the
74 electors who signed this affidavit
in question was personally signed or
acknowledged in my presence," Mr.
Bush invites Mr. Knott to come to
Greenville and says: "I myself will
personally introduce to you every one
of the 74 men who voted for Catts for
first choice, and will guarantee you a
reasonable compensation for your time
and can assure you that you will not
get rotten-egged." Now, Mr. Knott,
let me tell you, you can place implicit
confidence in the statement of Council
Bush. I know him, but, Mr. Knott,
let me, advise if you'accept the invi-
tation of Mr. Bush and visit Green-
ville be sure you select a soft spot in
the road.
Mr. Knot timagines he is big enough
to fill the governor's chair, but the
baby talk he is putting up "Catts did
it" shows he should be wearing safety
It appears that the Jasper News
wishes to create the impression in the
minds of the old Confeds that it is a
disgrace and an insult for Mr. Catts
-to say "they were lined up with the
whisky bunch, Catholics and railroads
to elect Mr. Knott." If it is sucT- an
insult and.disgrace for old veterans to
line up with such a bunch, how about

a Baptist preacher living up with the
same crowd for the same purposes?
If Mr. Catts is such a bad man as the
Jasper News would have us to believe,
it seems strange the real good min-
isters of the Baptist church don't take
some steps to disquaify him and
revoke his license as a minister of the
gospel. "He not guilty let him cast
the first 'stone. "
Reading the quotation between the

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