The Jacksonville free press ( February 23, 2012 )

UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities LSTA SLAF

Material Information

The Jacksonville free press
Running title:
Mrs. Perry's free press
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Rita Luffborough Perry
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
February 23, 2012
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African American newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on optical disc from Ethnic newswatch.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 4, no. 36 (June 28, 1990)-
General Note:
"Florida's First Coast only quality Black weekly."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002042477
oclc - 19095970
notis - AKN0341
lccn - sn 95007355
issn - 1081-3349
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Jacksonville advocate-free press


Material Information

The Jacksonville free press
Running title:
Mrs. Perry's free press
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Rita Luffborough Perry
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date:
February 23, 2012
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African American newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on optical disc from Ethnic newswatch.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 4, no. 36 (June 28, 1990)-
General Note:
"Florida's First Coast only quality Black weekly."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002042477
oclc - 19095970
notis - AKN0341
lccn - sn 95007355
issn - 1081-3349
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Jacksonville advocate-free press

Full Text

Mt. Lebanon

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15th Annual

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50 Cents

6 of 10 on Ethics Panel
Quit Maxine Waters Case
WASHINGTON All five Republicans on the House ethics committee
and the panel's ranking Democrat withdrew from a long-standing inves-
tigation of Democratic Rep. Maxine Waters of California last week to
avoid further questions about their impartiality.
The withdrawals came more than two years after the panel began exam-
ining whether Waters tried to steer money from the 2008 financial bailout
to a minority-owned bank while her husband was a shareholder and
board member of the institution.
The mass recusal came in one of the committee's most troubled cases,
after past allegations of bias by Republican members forced the panel to
hire an outside lawyer last July to investigate the committee and its han-
dling of the Waters case.
The committee's Republican chairman, Rep. Jo Bonner of Alabama,
said the outside attorney, Billy Martin, requested the recusals. But
Bonner said the recusals "are not based on any indication of any wrong-
doing or inappropriate partisanship by the members."
Waters, a high-ranking member of the Financial Services Committee,
was accused by the panel of trying to use her influence to obtain federal
aid for a minority-owned bank where her husband is an investor.
During an investigation that has gone on for more than two years,
Waters, one of the longest-serving African-American lawmakers, has
consistently denied wrongdoing, saying her efforts were focused on help-
ing a number of minority-owned

Magic Johnson to Launch
New TV Network on Comcast
LOS ANGELES More than 20 years after he last played pro bas-
ketball, former Los Angeles Lakers star Magic Johnson is ready for a
whole new game: running his own TV network.
The Hall of Famer, who has become a successful business mogul, is
preparing to launch Aspire, a 24-hour channel with a focus on what
Johnson called positive, uplifting images of African-Americans. The
basic cable outlet will join other channels targeting black viewers, such
as BET and TV One, and will offer opportunities for blacks who have
struggled to find work in mainstream Hollywood.
Aspire's mix will include film, TV, music and comedy, with a combi-
nation of acquired projects and original programming. "There will some
performing arts and shows about faith," Johnson said.
Johnson's entry into the television arena comes courtesy of communi-
cations giant Comcast Corp. as part of its agreement with the FCC and
Department of Justice to diversify the cable landscape.

6,000 Black Iowans Launch Class
Action Suit Against the State
Justice for thousands of African-American Iowa employees and appli-
cants could soon be coming.
In the largest class-action lawsuit of its kind, and after years of litiga-
tion, a judge will soon decide whether to grant the groups monetary dam-
ages for unfair hiring practices used by every agency of Iowa state gov-
ernment that the plaintiffs say disadvantaged them for decades.
6,000 African-Americans say they were passed over for state jobs and
promotions since 2003. Dissimilar to many discrimination cases that
claim the plaintiffs faced overt racism or discriminatory hiring tests, the
plaintiffs' lawyers argue that the managers subconsciously favored
whites across state government. As a result, Blacks were unlikely to be
called back for interviews, get hired or be promoted.
A similar theory case failed last year, as a class-action lawsuit against
Wal-Mart was disqualified by the U.S. Supreme Court. The lawyers
argued the company discriminated against women in pay and promotion
practices, but the justices found the case to be too broad and too unspe-
cific of considering a hiring practice as discriminatory.
The judge could award damages and mandate changes in state personnel
A decision is expected in the coming weeks.

Blaxploitation Star 'Pretty Tony'
Dick Anthony Williams Dies at 73
Dick Anthony Williams, best known for his role as 'Pretty Tony' in the
1973 blaxploitation film, "The Mack," died in Los Angeles on February
15 at the age of 73.
The Chicago native and legendary thespian was a Tony Award nomi-
nated actor who appeared on Broadway in several productions, including
The Poison Tree, Ain't Supposed To Die a Natural Death, Black Picture
Show and What the Wine-Sellers Buy, winning the prestigious Drama
Desk Award in 1974 for that performance.
Though he experienced wide acclaim for those endeavors, his role as
'Pretty Tony' ensured his stamp on Hip-Hop culture. Co-starring Max
Julien and Richard Pryor, the film explored the life of pimps and hustlers
in Oakland, California, and songs and scenes have been sampled by such
artists as Tupac Shakur, Outkast, Jadakiss and Ludacris In addition to
"The Mack," Williams also appeared in "Five On The Black Hand Side,"
"The Jerk," "Mo' Better Blues" and "Edward Scissorhands," according
to Theater Mania.
Williams, along with Woodie King Jr., founded the famous New
Federal Theatre (NFT) in 1970. The theater has been a breeding ground
for exceptional Black talent, including Denzel Washington, Phylicia
Rashad, Ruby Dee, Ossie Davis and Morgan Freeman.

Volume 25 No.18 Jacksonville, Florida February 23-28, 2012

Affirmative Action Case

Returns to the Supreme Court
The Supreme Court will again take up the subject of affirmative action -
just around the time of the next presidential election.
The court has agreed to hear a case brought by Abigail Fisher, a white
student, who says she was denied admission to the University of Texas
based on the color of her skin.
The case has been closely monitored because supporters of affirmative
action fear the high court might now be willing to curtail or restrict further
race conscious admissions programs at public universities. Justice Elena
Kagan will not participate in the case because she dealt with the issue in
her previous job as U.S. solicitor general.
With a full slate of arguments already scheduled for its spring term, the
court will most likely hear the case next fall, Continued on page 10

Jones-Paulin Nuptials

Shown above is Min. Mikhail Muhammad with New Black Panther
Party members protesting at the Christ Tabernacle Church.
Black Panthers Continues Protest,

Plans March Against Rev. Guilyard

The Black Panther Party has
started a revolution and this time it
is being televised globally.
For the past three weeks,
Southern Regional Minister of the
New Black Panther Party, Minister
Mikhail Muhammad, has been on
the frontlines protesting former
mega Pastor Darrel Gilyard's return
to the pulpit.
The former pastor of Shiloh
Metropolitan Baptist Church has
been making headlines around the
country for his return to preaching
at Christ Tabernacle Missionary
Church. The registered sex offend-
er's presence has changed the cli-
mate of a neighborhood where chil-
dren once freely played at the local
playground. Now, due to his pres-
ence, the former neighborhood
playground adjacent to the church
has been dismantled. Rev. Gilyard
can no longer be within 1000 feet
of a person under 18.
Since his recent installation as
pastor, Christ Tabernacle's mem-
bership has grown 1000% from ten
to close to 200 in a matter of weeks.
Many new members are current or
past members of Shiloh.

"We are out here to bring aware-
ness to this travesty," said
Muhammad, himself an ordained
minister. '"We can't believe that he
has changed since his imprison-
ment. He has not apologized to his
victims. The bottom line is that he
needed money. It's a job for him
and money for the church." He also
said he was approached by local
mainstream media and was told that
the Ministerial Alliance had been
contacted, but was unwilling to take
a stand against one of their own.
'We were backed into a comer to
bring this issue to the forefront,"
says Muhammad. "Somebody has
to stand up for our children." He
vows to remain in protest until con-
crete results are evident.
Collectively, twenty-five communi-
ty citizens and new Black Panther
party members have participated in
the protests.
A community wide march is
being planned for Saturday, March
11, 2012 starting at 2 p.m. begin-
ning at Darnell Cookman school
ending in front of Christ Tabernacle
Missionary Church. For more
information, call 705-8556.

Mr. and Mrs. Lavale Paulin
Lavale "JP" Paulin and Lynette "Lynn" Jones were joined together in
Holy Matrimony on Valentine's Day. The private double ring ceremony at
the home of the bride was officiated by Family and friends celebrat-
ed with the couple who shared words of wisdom with the couple follow-
ing a champagne toast. Lavale Paulin is a retired contractor and is owner
of Paulin's Landscaping and Gardening. The industrious Mrs. Paulin is the
host and producer of the "Lynn & Friends" show, employee of the Clara
White Mission and Lifestyles Editor for the Jacksonville Free Press.

Coaches, Game Officials and Athletic Association Honors Local Leaders
The African American Coaches,
:Game Officials and Athletic
Association (AACGOA) recently
held its second annual recognition
banquet at the Legends Center.
Eight outstanding community
leaders and coaches were honored.
Honorees included the late recre-
ational workers Essie McCray and
Emmett Reed both honored for
their many years of service
throughout Duval county.
Other honorees include Jimmie
Johnson and John Henry Jackson
for game officiating. Living leg-
ends awardees include Coach
William Huggins (former coach at
Matthew Gilbert, Andrew Jackson
and Ribault High Schools), Hillie
Howard (former Stanton High
School coach) and Coach Harold
"Buster" Hair (former coach at
Douglas Anderson and William
Raines High Schools), and Wallace
Raspberry, former head football
coach at Stanton and Matthew
Gilbert High School.
The AACGOA, composed of
retired sports professionals, recog-
nizes the contributions and impor-
SITTING: J. Williams, J.H. Jackson (Deceased), E. Hall, S. Meeks and Harold "Buster Hair. STANDING: tance of role models and sports
H. Daniels, W. Rasberry, J. Wheeler, A. White, Jimmie Johnson. enthusiasts in our community.

How to Avoid Being Red Flagged on Your Tax Return

By Joy Taylor
Ever wonder why some tax returns
get intense scrutiny from the Internal
Revenue Service while most are ig-
nored'? The agency doesn't have
enough personnel and resources to
examine each and every tax return
filed during a year -- it audits only
slightly more than 1% of all individ-
ual returns annually.
So the odds are pretty low that
your return will be picked for review.
And, of course, the only reason filers
should worry about an audit is if they
are fudging on their taxes. But even
if you have nothing to hide, an audit
is no picnic.
Here are 12 red flags that could in-
crease your chances of drawing some
unwanted attention:
Making Too Much Money
Although the overall individual
audit rate is about 1.11%, the odds
increase dramatically for higher-in-
come filers. IRS statistics show that
people with incomes of $200,000 or
higher had an audit rate of 3.93%, or
one out of slightly more than every
25 returns. Report $1 million or more
of income? There's a one-in-eight
chance your return will be audited.
The audit rate drops significantly for
filers making less than $200,000:
Only 1.02% of such returns were au-
dited during 2011, and the vast ma-
jority of these were by mail.
We're not saying you should try to
make less money -- everyone wants
to be a millionaire. Just understand
that the more income shown on your
return, the more likely it is that you'll
be hearing from the IRS.
Failing to Report
All Taxable Income
The IRS gets copies of all 1099s
and W-2s you receive, so make sure
you report all required income on
your return. IRS computers are pretty
good at matching the numbers on
those forms with the income shown
on your return. A mismatch sends up
a red flag and causes the IRS com-
puters to spit out a bill. If you receive
a 1099 showing income that isn't
yours or listing an incorrect figure for
your income, get the issuer to file a
correct form with the IRS.
Taking Large Charitable Deduc-

We all know that charitable contri-
butions are a great write-off and help
you feel all warm and fuzzy inside.
However, if your charitable deduc-
tions are disproportionately large
compared to your income, it raises a
red flag.
That's because IRS computers
know what the average charitable do-
nation is for folks at your income
level. Also, if you don't get an ap-
praisal for donations of valuable
property, or if you fail to file Form
8283 for donations over $500, the
chances of audit increase. And if
you've donated a conservation ease-
ment to a charity, chances are good
that you'll hear from the IRS. Be sure
to keep all your supporting docu-
ments, including receipts for cash
and property contributions made dur-
ing the year, and abide by the docu-
mentation rules. And attach Form
8283 if required.
Claiming the Home
Office Deduction
Like Willie Sutton robbing banks
(because that's where the money is),
the IRS is drawn to returns that claim
home office write-offs because it has
found great success knocking down
the deduction and driving up the
amount of tax collected for the gov-
ernment. If you qualify, you can
deduct a percentage of your rent, real
estate taxes, utilities, phone bills, in-
surance and other costs that are prop-
erly allocated to the home office.
That's a great deal. However, to take
this write-off, you must use the space
exclusively and regularly as your
principal place of business. That
makes it difficult to successfully
claim a guest bedroom or children's
playroom as a home office, even if
you also use the space to do your
work. "Exclusive use" means that a
specific area of the home is used only
for trade or business, not also for the
family to watch TV at night.
Don't be afraid to take the home
office deduction if you're entitled to
it. Risk of audit should not keep you
from taking legitimate deductions. If
you have it and can prove it, then use
Claiming Rental Losses
Normally, the passive loss rules
prevent the deduction of rental real



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estate losses. But there are two im-
portant exceptions. If you actively
participate in the renting of your
property, you can deduct up to
$25,000 of loss against your other in-
come. But this $25,000 allowance
phases out as adjusted gross income
exceeds $100,000 and disappears en-
tirely once your AGI reaches
$150,000. A second exception ap-
plies to real estate professionals who
spend more than 50% of their work-
ing hours and 750 or more hours
each year materially participating in
real estate as developers, brokers,
landlords or the like. They can write
off losses without limitation. But the
IRS is scrutinizing rental real estate
losses, especially those written off by
taxpayers claiming to be real estate
pros. The agency will check to see
whether they worked the necessary
hours, especially in cases of land-
lords whose day jobs are not in the
real estate business.
Deducting Business Meals,
Travel and Entertainment
Schedule C is a treasure trove of
tax deductions for self-employed
people. But it's also a gold mine for
IRS agents, who know from experi-
ence that self-employed people
sometimes claim excessive deduc-
tions. History shows that most under-
reporting of income and overstating
of deductions are done by those who
are self-employed. And the IRS looks
at both higher-grossing sole propri-
etorships and smaller ones.
Big deductions for meals, travel
and entertainment are always red
flags. A large write-off here will set
off alarm bells, especially if the
amount seems too high for the busi-
ness. Agents are on the lookout for
personal meals or claims that don't
satisfy the strict substantiation rules.
To qualify for meal or entertainment
deductions, you must keep detailed
records that document for each ex-
pense the amount, the place, the peo-
ple attending, the business purpose
and the nature of the discussion or
meeting. Also, you must keep re-
ceipts for expenditures over $75 or
for any expense for lodging while
traveling away from home. Without
proper documentation, your deduc-
tion is toast.

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Claiming 100%
Business Use of a Vehicle
Another area ripe for IRS review is
use of a business vehicle. When you
depreciate a car, you have to list on
Form 4562 what percentage of its use
during the year was for business.
Claiming 100% business use of an
automobile is red meat for IRS
agents. They know that it's extremely
rare for an individual to use a vehicle
solely for business, especially if no
other vehicle is available for personal
use. IRS agents are trained to focus
on this issue and will scrutinize your
records if you make such a claim.
Make sure you keep detailed mileage
logs and precise calendar entries for
the purpose of every road trip.
Sloppy record-keeping makes it easy
for the revenue agent to disallow the
deduction. As a reminder, if you use

the IRS' standard mileage rate, you
can't also claim actual expenses for
maintenance, insurance and other
out-of-pocket costs. The IRS has
seen such shenanigans and is on the
lookout for more.
Writing off a Loss
for a Hobby Activity
Your chances of winning the audit
lottery increase if you have wage in-
come and file a Schedule C with
large losses. And if the loss-generat-
ing activity sounds like a hobby --
horse breeding, car racing and such -
- the IRS pays even more attention.
Agents are specially trained to sniff
out those who improperly deduct
hobby losses. Large Schedule C
losses are always audit bait, but re-
porting losses from activities in
which it looks like you're having a
good time all but guarantees IRS

You must report any income you
earn from a hobby, and you can
deduct expenses up to the level of
that income. But the law bans writing
off losses from a hobby. For you to
claim a loss, your activity must be
entered into and conducted with the
reasonable expectation of making a
profit. If your activity generates
profit three out of every five years (or
two out of seven years for horse
breeding), the law presumes that
you're in business to make a profit,
unless IRS establishes otherwise. If
you're audited, the IRS is going to
make you prove you have a legiti-
mate business and not a hobby. So
make sure you run your activity in a
businesslike manner and can provide
supporting documents for all ex-

Have You Fallen Victim

to Debt Collectors?

: '-



For the first time ever, it is likely
that debt collectors and credit bu-
reaus may be subject to federal su-
The Consumer Financial Protec-
tion Bureau proposed a rule on
Thursday that would allow the organ-
ization to oversee the nation's largest
debt collectors and consumer report-
ing agencies, such as Equifax, Exper-
ian and TransUnion, who, until now,
have largely evaded federal scrutiny.
"Our proposed rule would mean
that those debt collectors and credit
reporting agencies that qualify as
larger participants are subject to the
same supervision process that we
apply to the banks," Richard Cor-
dray, the new director of the bureau,
said in a statement.
The CFPB estimated that under the
proposed rule, they would oversee
about 175 firms that account for
about 63 percent of the debt collected
from consumers each year.
The news comes in light of the fact
that for years, collection agencies
have been accused of targeting
In 2010, Allen Jones, a Black man
from Texas, was awarded a $1.5 mil-
lion settlement after a debt collector
allegedly left him racially charged
messages, including one in which the
collector told Jones to "go pick some
[expletive] cotton fields."
Additionally, debt buyers have
often failed to notify African-Ameri-
cans that they are being sued. Joanna
D., a single mother of Buffalo, New
York, for example, was sued by debt
buyers three times. In one lawsuit,

though she is not married, the buyer
claimed to have served Joanna's hus-
band. In another, the buyer claimed
to have served her in person, describ-
ing her as white, though she is
African-American. In another, the
buyer claimed to serve her at a loca-
tion she has never lived. In response,
the buyers obtained automatic "de-
fault" judgments against her in all
three lawsuits, according to the non-
profit New Yorkers for Responsible
The new CFPB plan will seek to
eliminate cases, like these, of wrong-
doing. The power to oversee non-
banks was the main component of
the CFPB's new design and they
have already put some of their power
to use as hearings on payday lending
and plans to propose new rules for
mortgage services have already been
The proposal to oversee debt col-
lectors and reporting agencies now
enters a 60-day comment period. The
bureau expects to finalize the rule by
July, the two-year anniversary of the
agency's creation.
According to the FTC, the follow-
ing are practices that are off-limits
for debt collectors:
Harassment. Debt collectors may
not harass, oppress, or abuse you
or any third parties they contact.
For example, they may not:
-use threats of violence or harm;
-publish a list of names of people
who refuse to pay their debts (but
they can give this information to the
credit reporting companies);
-use obscene or profane language;

or -repeatedly use
the phone to annoy
False statements.
Debt collectors
may not lie when
they are trying to
collect a debt. For
example, they may
-falsely claim that
they are attorneys or
government repre-
-falsely claim that
you have committed
a crime;

-falsely represent
that they operate or work for a credit
reporting company;
-misrepresent the amount you
-indicate that papers they send you
are legal forms if they aren't; or
-indicate that papers they send to
you aren't legal forms if they are.
Debt collectors also are prohib-
ited from saying that:
-you will be arrested if you don't
pay your debt;
-they'll seize, garnish, attach, or
sell your property or wages unless
they are permitted by law to take the
action and intend to do so; or
-legal action will be taken against
you, if doing so would be illegal or if
they don't intend to take the action.
Debt collectors may not:
-give false credit information
about you to anyone, including a
credit reporting company;
-send you anything that looks like
an official document from a court or
government agency if it isn't; or
-use a false company name.
Unfair practices. Debt collectors
may not engage in unfair practices
when they try to collect a debt. For
example, they may not:
-try to collect any interest, fee, or
other charge on top of the amount
you owe unless the contract that cre-
ated your debt or your state law
- allows the charge;
-deposit a post-dated check early;
-take or threaten to take your prop-
erty unless it can be done legally; or
-contact you by postcard.



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Par 4 s er' rePesFbur 32,21

Mayor's Mentoring Program Can Be a Model for

Better Education and Workforce Development

It's no secret that young African
American males are the highest at-
risk group for everything from
criminal behavior,to dropping out
of school, and being jobless.
Identifying the problems facing
our communities has never been an
issue; but finding solutions to those
problems has always been a major
At the heart of the challenges
facing the black community,is the
disarray of African American
males. Black men are not stepping
up as fathers, are falling behind in
education,and going to jail at
alarming rates.
We all see these young men in
the inner city walking down the
street using one hand to hold up
their pants with their underwear
clearly exposed. It is a ridiculous
sight to see.
For some of these young men,
finishing high school is no longer
cool; having a legal job is no big
deal; and if you have been arrested,
it's a badge of honor.
What is even more disturbing
than black male incarceration rates,
is the notion that many young black
men have that it's so cool to have a
baby without accepting any respon-
sibility for helping to raise the
It is a very disturbing statistic,
but nearly 40 percent of babies
born in the United States in 2010
were delivered by unwed mothers,
according to data released by the

National Center for Health
While 28 percent of white
women gave birth out of wedlock
in 2007, nearly 72 percent of black
women, and more than 51 percent
of Latinas did.
So how do you turn the tide?
Well, it has to start early; and it has
to be an intensive effort. What I
mean by intensive is that we have
to be able to provide one-on-one
continuous focus on these youth.
That type of attention comes from
strong mentoring programs.
Very few people would debate
the fact that strong father figures
make a difference in the lives of
their children.
Recently, Mayor Brown
announced his new mentoringini-
tiative Mayor's Mentors. It's a
great idea because it gets directly to
heart of the issue plaguing our
struggling communities.
The Mayor's plan actually takes
mentoring a step further. Itaims to
enhance the quality of public edu-
cation for the good of students, as
well as workforce development and
employer recruitment in
Jacksonville. The Mayor is basical-
ly making the connection between
mentoring, education, and jobs.
Investing in mentorship pro-
grams is good long-termworkforce
development. Investing more in
young black males could systemat-
ically change the African American
community. It is as simple as: good

jobs and opportunities create stable
households and strong families.
When speaking about the Great
Depression, Langston Hughes said,
"The depression brought every-
body down a peg or two. And the
Negro had but few pegs to fall."
That is still true to this day, and
that is why it is so important that
the Mayor's program, the
Jacksonville 100 Blackmen's men-
toring initiative, and so many oth-
ers become successful. The stakes
are high.
In 2000, 65 percent of black male
high school dropouts in their 20's
were jobless that is, unable to
find work, not seeking it, or incar-
cerated. By 2004, that figure had
grown to 72 percent, compared
with 34 percent of white, and 19
percent of Hispanic dropouts.
Even when high school graduates
were included, 50 percent of black
men in their 20's were jobless in
2004, up from 46 percent in 2000.
Incarceration rates skyrocketed
in the 1990's and continue grow
every year. In 1995, 16 percent of
black men in their 20's who did not
attend college were in jail or
prison; by 2004, 21 percent were
incarcerated. By their mid-30's, 6
in 10 black men who had dropped
out of school had spent time in
Again, the stakes are very high.
Of course there is no one solution;
but it is my belief that if black pro-
fessionals give back to the commu-

nity through mentoring, we can
save one child at a time.
According to the Mayor's
Mentors program, "The mayor will
be deploying dedicated volunteers
- including retired school teachers
- into mentorship programs with
proven performance metrics to
ensure the best quality for
Jacksonville's youths."
The initiative also includes two
key components: school-based pro-
grams and community- and faith-
based outreach.
Some may say that mentoring is
only making a marginal difference;
but I say if we can save a few
young men, it is well worth the
But in order for the Mayor's pro-
gram, J100, Omega Psi Phi, Take
Stock in Children, or whoever's
program to be successful it takes
folks giving back and being willing
to sacrifice time, knowledge, and a
little love.
Regardless of your schedule, we
should all try to find the time to
give back through mentoring it
"I don't care what my children
choose to do professionally, just as
long as within their choices they
understand they've got to give
something back," said Marian
Wright Edelman.
Signing off from the monthly
J100 meeting,
Reggie Fullwood

Help Me Somebody on The Help

By Dr. Julianne Malveaux
NNPA Columnist
I still have not gone to see the
movie, The Help. I read the book
and that was enough for me. I read
a book where a white women fully
engaged herself in cultural appro-
priation, putting 21st century voic-
es into 1960s throats. Which black
women, in 1960, would have said
that black men left their families
like trash by the side of the road?
Maybe a 21st century feminist
would have voiced such senti-
ments, but a sixties sister? Hardly.
Speaking of hardly, my opinion
hardly matters. There is rich dis-
cussion among African American
women about the movie, the book,
and the reality. I just want to
remind my sisters that in 1940 sev-
enty percent of us were maids, or
private household workers. I want
to remind us that even those of us
who had advanced degrees worked
some time as a maid. I want folks
to remember the scene in The Color
Purple where the Oprah character
was incarcerated because she had
the dignity to decline private
household work. Many black
women did "days work" because
they needed to make a living.
Many were humiliated into doing
days work to keep the peace in their
household or community. In other
words, no matter who you were,
you should still serve.
My opinions about days work are
rooted in my past, both as a daugh-
ter and as a researcher. My mom,
Proteone Malveaux, is a retired

social worker. She worked with
organizations that organized pri-
vate household workers. As a kid,
I stuffed envelopes for a woman
named Helen Little, who led the
National Welfare Rights
Association in San Francisco.
Women like Mrs. Little and my
mom were dedicated to ensuring
that private household workers got
fair pay, vacations, and dignity of
work conditions. Too many folk,
back in the day, thought that used
clothes or leftover food were a sub-
stitute for a living wage.
When I moved to Boston, I
somehow connected with a woman
who was doing work on training
private household workers. There
was an irony. The federal govern-
ment had actually funded her
organization to train maids, and I
thought the best way to train them
was to move them out of household
work. Somehow, in graduate
school, my mentor Dr. Phyllis
Wallace, encouraged me to write
about my experiences, and about
the data that undergirded them. It
was interesting to explore the facts,
the fiction, and the many ways
black women have been pushed
into the role of nurturing others and
the stereotypes this has engen-
dered. So help me, somebody, if I
haven't rushed to see The Help.
I'd rather see a movie about the
National Domestic Workers Union,
founded by Dorothy Lee Bolden in
1968. Or I'd rather see Mrs. Little
featured in a film about the
National Welfare Rights

Organization. Instead, I'm clap-
ping for Viola Davis and Octavia
Spencer who garnered Best Actress
and Best Supporting Actress acco-
lades from the Screen Actors Guild.
Davis is a contender for an Oscar,
and in many ways, that's a good
Also a bad thing. Whenever
black folks win Oscars it's because
they hark back to stereotypes, let-
ting white folks wish they were in
the land of cotton. A sister is not
going to win an Oscar (never mind
even being casted in a role) as a sci-
entist, leader, dreamer, or thinker.
Where is the Coretta Scott King
film, which ought to be most com-
pelling? Or, in reality TV world,
where is the Michelle Obama film?
In order to win recognition we have
to be subservient. We have to
serve. Help me somebody.
When I made critical comments
about the book, The Help I was
flooded with email comments from
Bennett alums who said that I
should not be critical of a film that
"lifted up" black women. For a
moment I was stunned, and even a
bit chastened. Then I realized that
this work, this private household
work, is private, personal, and even
sad. I remember my grandmother,
the Tuskegee graduate, taking me
to see "her white folks" in
Sausalito, California, and proudly
bragging to them that I was a smart
girl who was going to college. And
while time may have tinted the
memory, I remember the smirking
white woman who gave me a twen-

ty dollar bill for my studies. I was
about 13, a fiery revolutionary, and
I wanted to crumple the bill and
throw it back in the woman's face.
My grandmother kicked me under
Continued on page 12

Legacy of a Diva ..
In an ultimate act of charity, movie mogul Tyler -
Perry offered his Gulfstream III jet to transport
Whitney Houston's body from California's Van Nuys
Airport to Teterboro Airport for her funeral services
at Newark's New Hope Baptist Church. Perry's
patronage toward Houston was only surpassed by her
lifelong benefactor, Clive Davis.
Clive Davis is the real rich man in the circle. The
79-year-old record producer and music industry executive is worth $800
million. The music mogul has been at the center of Houston's life since he
signed her to his Arista recording label in 1983. During the last decade of
her life, singer, actress, producer, and model Whitney Elizabeth Houston
squandered millions of dollars she'd earned and relied almost entirely on
Davis for financial support.
(Nippy) as she was known to family had signed a $100 million recording
contract with Davis in 2001. Her net worth at the peak of her career was
$150 million. She had earned as much as $30 million per year touring, act-
ing and selling merchandise, but at the end, the diva was living on advances
on a future album for Davis. Houston had also received money in advance
for her role in the upcoming movie, Sparkle.
Actually, the amount of money Houston is projected to make posthu-
mously is far greater than any paycheck she's seen in years. Houston's and
Davis' stock has been rising since she died. The day after her death, iTunes
increased the price of her songs from 99 cents to $1.29. Similar to the way
in which Michael Jackson's estate increased after his death, demand for
Houston's singles and albums will grow and become valuable commodi-
Nippy went from a middle-class household to penthouses and wealth.
She began singing in a junior gospel choir and earned money for backup
vocals she provided artists such as her mother Cissy Houston and Chaka
Kahn. During Houston's career as a fashion model she appeared on the
covers of Seventeen, Glamour, and Cosmopolitan magazines. Houston
sold more than 170 million albums and had 2 Emmy Awards, 6 Grammy
Awards, 30 Billboard Music Awards and 22 American Music Awards. She
held the all-time record for the most American Music Awards (AMAs) of
any single artist and shared the record with Michael Jackson for the most
AMAs ever won with 8 in 1994.
However, Houston was "just the voice" and did not write or own the mas-
ters of her most popular songs. Houston's recordings, "How Will I Know",
"Saving All My Love" and "I Will Always Love You", were all written and
produced by others. Country star Dolly Parton wrote and owns the masters
to "I Will Always Love You" and has earned $10 million in royalties to
At the time of her death, Houston was divorced from "the other man in
her life." So, all her wealth goes to their daughter Bobbi Kristina Brown.
In 1992, on the grounds of her Mendham, N.J. mansion, Houston married
R&B singer Robert Barisford "Bobby" Brown. The couple lived a stylish
lifestyle, and Houston also bought homes in Miami, Los Angeles and
Atlanta. During their 12 year marriage, Brown had several run-ins with the
law. Brown has fathered five children: Landon, La'princia, Robert Jr.,
Bobbi Kristina, and Cassius.
When Houston decided to end her marriage to Bobby, many fans faulted
her for taking so long in light of the marriage's history of infidelity, scan-
dals, drug and alcohol arrests, and marital problems. The relationship was
dysfunctional and a mere 5 years after signing the $100 million contract,
the New Jersey mansion faced foreclosure. In recent years, Whitney hadn't
paid property taxes, or her mortgages, and had run up a debt of more than
$1 million as she teetered on the brink of financial ruin. Houston was able
to save the New Jersey property but lost the Atlanta mansion. Since her
death, the "12,000-square-foot home on five acres with a hot tub and pool"
the couple had shared is on the market for $1.75 million.

P.O. Box 43580
Jacksonville, FL 32203

Rita Perry


z I1r Il E.O.Huthc
acksonville Latimer, P
L number of Commetce Vickie Bro

903 W. Edgewood Ave. (904) 634-1993
Jacksonville, FL 32208 Fax (904) 765-3803
Email: JfreePress@aol.com

Sylvia Perry

Managing Editor

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hinson, William Reed, Andre X, Brenda Burwell, Marsha Oliver, Marretta
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own, Rahman Johnson, Headshots, William Jackson.

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February 23-28, 2012

Page 4 Ms. Perry's Free Press


February 23-28, 2012

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 5

FOR THE WEEK OF FEB. 21 27, 2012

RIDING HIGH: (Clockwise) Miss.

TEAMS Valley State's Sean Woods, Sa-
vannah State's Horace Broadnax,
AT THE Shaw's Cleo Hill Jr., and DelState's
Greg Jackson riding win streaks to
TOP top of their leagues.




1 2011 -12BLACK OL EG B SK TB LLns

Bowie State 8 2 12 4 20 5
Virginia Union 7 2 10 5 15 12
Virginia State 4 5 7 8 8 17
Eliz. City State 4 5 6 9 12 13
Lincoln 4 6 6 10 11 16
Chowan 1 8 1 14 7 20
Shaw 9 0 15 0 23 2
W-Salem State 4 5 10 5 18 7
J.C.Smith 4 5 6 9 11 14
ivingstone 4 5 5 10 8 16
St.Augustine's 3 6 8 7 13 12
FayettevilleState 3 6 5 10 8 16
PLAYER Kenny Mitchell, 6-9, Jr., C, VSU Had
career-high 28 points and six rebounds vs. ECSU. Shot
perfect 10 of 10 from floor, 8 of 13 from line.
NEWCOMER Same as above
ROOKIE Kyree Bethel, 6-1, Fr., G, CHOWAN- Had
19 points in loss to Va. Union.
COACH Luqman Jaaber, VA. UNION Guided Pan-
therstotwowinsthispastweek. Insolepossessionoffirst

SavannahState 11 2 18 10
Norfolk State 10 3 19 9
Delaware State 10 3 13 12
Bethune-Cookman 9 4 13 15
CoppinState 8 5 13 13
NC Central 8 5 14 12
N.CarolinaA&T 6 6 11 16
FloridaA&M 6 7 8 19
Hampton 5 8 9 18
Howard 6 9 9 19
Morgan State 3 9 6 18
Md.-Eastem Shore 3 10 6 20
South Carolina State 0 13 5 22
PLAYER Dominique Sutton, 6-5, Sr., F, NCCU
- Averaged 22.0 points, 9.0 rebounds, 3.0 assists,
2.5 steals and 1.0 blocks in two conference wins.
Had 24 points, 11 rebounds, 6 assists, 3 steals
ROOKIE Tah| Tate, 6-4, Fr., G, DSU Totalled
55 points, 11 rebounds, 5 assists and 2 steals imn
2-1 week. Had 25 pts., 5 rebounds and 1 assist in
Norfolk State win.
DEFENSE-Jyles Smith, 6-8,Sr., F, SSU -Totalled
13rebounds, blocks,1 stealintwoconferencewins.
Had 7 blocks, 6 boards in win over FAMU.


Clark Atlanta
Fort Valley State
Albany State
Kentucky State

15 6
15 7
15 8
14 8
12 10
12 11
12 11
11 12
11 12
10 12
7 15
6 15
4 17

PLAYER Andrae Nelson, 6-6, Jr., C, MORE-
HOUSE Averaged 23.0 points, 10.5 rebounds,
2.5 assiss, 1 block and 1 steal in two wins. Had
career-high 31 points in win over Tuskegee.
NEWCOMER Jeffrey Wherry, 6-2, So., G,
STILLMAN Averaged 18 points, 6.3 assists,
2.3 rebounds and 1 steal in 3-0 week.

Miss. Valley St. 15 0 16 11
# Southern 11 4 15 13
TexasSouthem 9 5 10 16
Prairie ViewA&M 7 7 11 16
Alabama State 7 7 10 16
Ark. Pine Bluff 6 9 7 21
Jackson State 5 9 7 19
Alcom State 5 10 8 19
AlabamaA&M 4 10 6 17
#Grambling State 3 11 3 21
I Ineligible for SWAC Toumament
Paul Crosby, 6-8, Sr., C, MISS. VALLEY STATE
-Hadgame-high 19pointsand 11 reboundsinclud-
ing the game-winning 3-pointer with six seconds
left in Saturday's win 60-58 win over Prairie View.
Came back to score 11 points and gel 10 boards
and hit buzzer-beating game-winning 3-pointer in
double-double of 15 points and 10.5 rebounds in
two big wins over nearest pursuers in SWAC race
extending win streak to 15 games.

UDC 21 3
Xavier (La.) 20 7
Central State 17 8
Tennessee State 19 13
W. Va. State 13 11
Cheyney 4 20
Lincoln (Mo.) 4 20
Nigel Munson,6-2, Sr.,G, UDC- Had double-
double of 21 points and 11 rebounds as UDC
moved to 21-3 overall, 12-2 in East Coast
Conference in win over Bridgeport.
Kellen Thornton, 6-7, r-Jr, F, TENN. STATE
-Thomtonaveragedl0.5points, 3.5 rebounds,
1.0 assists and 1.0 steals/game and hit 60
four rebounds in an OT win vs Jacksonville
State, 12 points, boards, 2 assists andsteals
inwin at Miami. TennesseeStatelocked upthe
No.2 seed for the OVC Toumament.

Countdown to tourney time

O'NEALTRIUMPHS: FormerJackson State and Nationwide
Tour regular Tim O'Neal, now a member of the e-Golf Tour,
proudly holds the trophy he claimed Feb. 11 atthe Palmeraie
Open in Morocco.

MARRAKECH, MOROCCO Former Jackson State
golfer Tim O'Neal, one of four eGolf Tour members com-
peting overseas and serving as unofficial ambassadors to the
country of Morocco, carded rounds of 66-67-67-200 (16
under par) to win the Atlas Pro Tour's Palmeraie Open PGP
by three shots over Italy's Matteo Delpodio.
As part of the eGolf Tour's ongoing relationship with
the Association du Trophee Hassan II de Golf (ATH) and the
country of Morocco, a few select members of the 2012 eGolf
Professional Tour willbe serving as ambassadors to the North
African country, competing in select events on the Atlas Pro
Tour (Alps Tour/EPD Tour) in order to create awareness for
Morocco as a world-class golf destination.
O'Neal (Savannah, Ga.),Tommy Schaff(Savannah, Ga.),
Jhared Hack (Sanford, Fla.) and Chris Condello (Heathrow,
Fla.) are four of the golf ambassadors selected.
They arrived in Morocco in early February to begin a
nearly three-month stretch in which they will compete in
eightAtlas Pro Tour events. O'Neal, 38, a former Nationwide
Tour member with 129 career starts on the PGA Tour's junior
circuit, was the tournament's 18- and 36-hole leader, follow-
ing rounds of 66-67 to open his week at stunning Palmeraie
Golf Club in Marrakech.
Entering Friday's final round at 11-under, O'Neal had a
narrow two-shot advantage over Scotland's Ross Kellett. Cool
overnight temperatures left the greens at Palmeraie frozen,
and forced tournament officials to delay final-round tee times
- a move that left O'Neal with time to think-perhaps not
the best thing for the nerves of a player who had slept on the
lead for two days.
"We had to wait because of the greens, and I was a little
nervous, but once I started playing well I was able to birdie
the par-5 second," O'Neal said. "From there, I felt more re-
laxed." The birdie at the docile second hole pushed O'Neal's
tally to 12-under for the tournament, and when he made the
turn with a 2-under 34, his 13-under par total left him two
shots clear of Delpodio, who had played his first 12 holes of
the final round in 5-under par.
"After the front nine, I had to look at the leaderboard,
because I like to know where I am," O'Neal said. "I saw
Delpodio was two strokes back, so I told myself that I had
to make some more birdies."
Birdies at Nos. 10, 13, 16 and 17 vaulted O'Neal to 17-
under par, and when Delpodio parred his final six holes, O'Neal
went to the 18th with a four-shot lead and the title virtually
in hand. A closing bogey left the former Jackson State golfer
at 16 ufider for the week, three clear of Delpodio.
Greeting O'Neal on the 18th green were Schaff, Hack
and Condello all elated to see their fellow ambassador win
in his first Atlas Pro Tour start. The win was worth C5,000
(the equivalent of $6,593), and moved O'Neal to No. 1 on
the Atlas Tour's winter series money list. O'Neal's dominant
performance included a staggering 23 birdies over 54 holes,
a remarkable 42.6 percent.
"I really played solidly today, even more so than during
the past two days," O'Neal said after the final round. "I only
missed one green today and made my lone bogey at the fourth.
A win is always important whatever the tournament is, and
this one will for sure give me confidence in 2012."
Schaff, one of O'Neal's long-time friends, was the next
low American with rounds of 71-70-69-210 to finish tied
for sixth. Condello parlayed rounds of 69-70-74-213 into a
T19 finish, while two-time eGolf Tour winner Hack missed
the cut.

BCSP Editor
The CIAA and SIAC men and
women enter their last week of regular
season basketballplay this week before
next week's tournaments.
The MEAC and the SWAC hoop-
sters have two weeks left before their
tournaments get underway in the first
full week of March.
While some seeds are determined
and a few to be determined in the
final week for the CIAA Tournament
in Charlotte, N.C., the SIAC will not
announce brackets and seedings until
Sunday, Feb. 26.

The CIAA Tournament at the
Time Warner CableArenain Charlotte
(Feb. 28 March 3) will have a new
format in the early rounds of the men's
The top six teams in the 12-team
conference the top three seeds from
the North and South divisions will
get byes into the Thursday, March 1
quarterfinals. Prior to this year, only
the top two teams from each division
received byes.
This year, teams seeded fifth and
sixth in the division will play opening
round games on Tuesday, Feb. 28 at 7
and 9 p.m. Tuesday's winners will play
the fourth seeds from each division in 7
and 9 p.m. games on Wednesday, Feb.
29 for spots in the Thursday, March 1
quarterfinals at 1, 3, 7 and 9 p.m.
The men's semis will be played
on Friday, March 2 at 7 and 9 p.m.
with the championship game set for
Saturday evening, March 3 at 8 p.m.
Headed into the final week of
action on the men's side, Shaw (9-0)
has wrapped up the South Division's
top seed. Winston-Salem State,
Livingstone and Johnson C. Smith
are tied for second with 4-5 division

marks with Fayetteville State and
Saint Augustine's just a game behind
with 3-6 records.
FSU is at WSSU, Livingstone
is at J.C. Smith and Shaw is at Saint
Aug's Saturday in critical games that
will determine second thru fifth seeds
in the South. Depending on this week's
results, coin flips may be needed to
sort out the logjam.
In the men's North Division,
Bowie State (8-2) defeated Virginia
Union Monday to clinch the division's
top seed. VUU (7-2) is in at No. 2.
ECSU (4-5) and Virginia State (4-5)
are tied for the third spot with Lincoln
just a half-game behind them at 4-6.
Virginia Union closes out the
regular season Thursday at Elizabeth
City State. Virginia State closes out
the season Saturday at Chowan. Coin
flips could also determine seeds three
thru five in the North.
The women's tournament format
remains the same with the top two
teams from each division receiving
byes into Wednesday's quarterfinals.
The women's touney tips off
Tuesday, Feb. 28 with opening round
games at 11 a.m., 1, 3 and 5 p.m.
The quarterfinals are scheduled
at the same times Wednesday, March
1. The women's semifinals are set for
Friday afternoon at 1 and 3 p.m. with
the Saturday, March 3 final game at 5
The Bowie State women (7-3)
have secured one of the North Division
byes. Either Virginia Union (6-3) or
Virginia State (5-4) will get the other
bye. VUU plays its final game Thurs-
day at ECSU. VSU closes its regular
season Saturday at Chowan.

1. MISS. VALLEY STATE (16-11, 15-0 SWAC) Win streak at 15 and clinched SWAC
title after close wins over Tex. Southem and PV. NEXT: At GSU (Sat.), JSU (Mon.)
2. SHAW (23-2, 15-0 CIAA) Win streak at 18. Ninth nationally in NABC Div. II poll.
NEXT: At Saint Augustine's Thursday to close out regular season.
3. SAVANNAH STATE (18-10, 11-2 MEAC) Win streak at 10. Took overfirst in MEAC
with wins over B-CU and FAMU. NEXT: Hosts NCCU (Sat.), NC A&T (Mon.)
4. DELAWARE STATE (13-12, 10-3) MEAC win streak at nine after beating Norfolk
State in OT, Hampton in 2 OTs. NEXT: Hosts Howard (Sat.), Morgan State (Mon.).
5. NORFOLK STATE (19-9, 10-3) Lost to DelState in OT, beat Longwood. NEXT: At
Bethune-Cookman (Sat.), at FAMU (Mon.).
6. BETHUNE-COOKMAN (13-15, 9-4 MEAC) Beat SC State, fell to Savannah State.
NEXT: Hosts Norfolk State (Sat.), Hampton (Mon.).
7. BOWIE STATE (20-5, 12-4 CIAA) Lost to Virginia State, beat Va. Union. NEXT:
Hosts Washington Adventist Saturday to close out regular season.
8. SOUTHERN (15-13, 11-4 SWAC) Beat Alabama A&M and Alabama State.NEXT:
At. Alcom State (Sat).
9. NC CENTRAL (14-12, 8-5 MEAC) Beat A&T. NEXT: At Sav. St. (Sat.), SCSU

Florida A&M
Coppin State
N. Carolina A&T
Md.-Eastem Shore
South Carolina State
Norfolk State
Morgan State
Savannah State
Delaware State
NC Central

12 1
12 1
13 2
10 3
7 6
6 7
6 7
6 7
5 8
3 9
2 11
2 11
1 12

PLAYER-WhitneyLong,5-4, Sr., G,NSU -Scored
27 points on 10 of 21 shooting, had 7 steals and 1
block in OT win vs. DelStlate.
ROOKIE Tiffanle Adair, 5-11, So., F, NC A&T
- Averaged double-double of 13.0 points and 12.0
reboundsin twowins. Had 14 points and boardsvs.
Savannah State. Had 12 points, 10 boards.
DEFENSE- KelaraAvant,5-11,Jr., F, HAMPTON
- Pulled down a career-high 17 boards with one
block and steal vs. UMES.

Headed into the final week of the
regular season of a tight men's race,
Tuskegee (15-6) has a slim half-game
lead over Clark Atlanta (15-7). Bene-
dict (15-8) and LeMoyne-Owen (14-8)
are another game behind.
Tuskegee hosts Fort Valley State
12-11) Thursday and travels to Stillman
(12-10) Saturday.
Clark Atlanta finishes up at Ken-
tucky State (10-12) Thursday. LeM-
oyne-Owen finishes its regular season
Saturday at Lane (4-17).
In last year's format, the top four
teams received byes to the quarterfi-
For the women, Fort Valley State
(17-4), Stillman (16-4) and Tuskegee
(15-5) hold down the top three spots
headed into the final week of regular
season play and will play games against
each other that will determine the final
top seeds.
This week, FVSU closes the regular
season Thursday at Tuskegee. Tuskegee
then travels to Stillman on Saturday.
The top three seeds a year ago re-
ceived byes into the quarterfinals.

IntheMEACimen'srace, surprising,.
Savannah State (18-10, 11-2 MEAC),
under head coach Horace Broadnax,
has taken over the top spot in the stand-
Broadnax's Tigers are on a 10-game
win streakthathas vaulted thempastNor-
folk State (19-9, 10-3). SSU hosts N.C.
Central and N.C. A&T this week.
Behind anine-game conference win
streak, Greg Jackson's young Hornets
of Delaware State (13-12, 10-3) are the
other hot team and have moved into a
tie with Norfolk State for second. The
Hornets beat the Spartans in overtime
Saturday before needing two extra peri-
ods to hold off Hampton Monday. DSU
hosts Howard and Morgan State this
On the women's side, Hampton and
Florida A&M are on top of the league,
both at 12-1 in league play headed to

1. HAMPTON (20-4, 12-1 MEAC) Beat OMES and DelState NEXT: Showdown at
MEAC co-leader FAMU (Sat.), at B-CU (Mon.).
(TIE) FLORIDA A&M (19-6, 12-1 MEAC) Beat Sav. St. and SC State. NEXT: Big date
hosting co-MEAC leader Hampton Saturday. Hosts Norfolk State Monday.
3. HOWARD (21-7, 13-2 MEAC) Beat Coppin State and UMES to take over third in
MEAC. NEXT At DelState (Sat.).
4. SHAW (19-6, 14-1 CIAA) Beat FSU and WSSU. NEXT: At St. Aug's Thursday.
5. COPPIN STATE (15-11, 10-3 MEAC) -Fell to Howard. NEXT: At UMES Monday.
6. JOHNSON C. SMITH (19-5, 13-2 CIAA) Beat St. Aug's and WSSU. NEXT: Hosts
Livingstone Saturday to close out regular season.
7. FORTVALLEYSTATE (19-6,17-4 SIAC)- Beat Benedict and CAU. NEXT: AtTuskegee
Thursday to close out regular season.
8. MISS. VALLEY STATE (14-12,11-4 SWAC) Beat Tex. Southern and Prairie View to
retake SWAC lead. NEXT: At GSU (Sat), at JSU (Mon.).
9. SOUTHERN (11-9, 10-3 SWAC) Dropped games to Alabama State and A&M. NEXT:
At. Alcom State (Sat.).
10. WINSTON-SALEM STATE (16-9, 11-4CIAA)- Fell to JCSU and Shaw. NEXT: Hosts
FSU Saturday to close out regular season.

their showdown Saturday in
Tallahassee, Fla.
Howard (13-2) moved
into sole possession of third
place and stayed just a half-
gamebehindtheHampton and
FAMU with a key win over
Coppin State Saturday.
Mississippi Valley State
(16-11, 15-0) clinched the
men's regular season SWAC
championship with awin over
Texas Southern Monday.
Sean Woods' Delta Devils
have won 15 straight and will
be the top seed for the March
6 10Tournamentin Garland,
The Lady MVSU Delta
Devils (14-12, 11-4) moved
back on top of the women's
standings with two weeks left
in the regular season. Nate
Kilbert's troops got wins over
Texas Southern and Prairie
View while Southern (11-11,
10-5) lost to Alabama State
and Alabama A&M.

Washington Adventist @ Lincoln
Shaw @ SaintAugustine's
Virginia Union @ Elizabeth City State
Lane @ Morehouse
Albany State @ Stillman
Clark Atlanta @ Kentucky State
Fort Valley State @ Tuskegee

Fayetteville State @ W-Salem State
Washington Adventist @ Bowie State
Livingstone @ J. C. Smith
Virginia State @ Chowan
Morgan State @ Md.-E.Shore
Norfolk State @ B-Cookman
NC Central @ Savannah State
NCA&T @ SC State
Hampton @ Florida A&M
Howard @ Delaware State
LeMoyne-Owen @ Lane
Morehouse @ Kentucky State
Tuskegee @ Stillman
Claflin @ Paine
Southern @Alcom State
Alabama State @ Texas Southern
Miss. Valley State @ Grambling State
Alabama A&M @ Prairie View
Ark.-Pine Bluff @ Jackson State

Morgan State @ Delaware State
Coppin State @ Md.-E. Shore
NC Central @ SC State
Hampton @ B-Cookman
Norfolk State @ Florida A&M
NC A&T @ Savannah State
Miss. Valley State @ Jackson State
Alabama State @ Prairie View
Alabama A&M @ Texas Southern
Ark.-Pine Bluff @ Grambling State

Men's and Women's Tournament
Men's and Women's Tournament

1 20 -1 2 B A C-OL E E B A K T A L6Wo e S a d ng* nd W e ly H n rst ru( / 0/ 2

BowieState 7 3 8 8 8 15
Virginia Union 6 3 8 7 11 13
Virginia State 5 4 7 8 15 12
Eliz. City State 4 5 7 8 13 12
Chowan 3 6 51010 15
Lincoln 3 7 3 13 7 21
Shaw 8 1 14 1 19 6
J.C. Smith 7 2 13 2 19 5
W-SalemrState 5 4 11 4 16 9
Fayetteville State 4 5 5 10 12 13
StAugustine's 3 6 8 7 13 12
Livingstone 0 9 2 13 7 20
PLAYER Courtney Medley, 5-8, r., G, WSSU Had
47 total points averaged 23.5 points per game, getting
27 vs. JC Smith with 8 rebounds.
NEWCOMER Crystal Harris, 6-1, So., C, SHAW
- Had 17 points, 15 rebounds vs. JCSU, 11 points, 2
rebounds vs. FSU.
ROOKIE Ashle Freeman, 5-6, Fr., 0, VA. UNION
- Scored 24 points in win over Uncoln.
COACH Jacques Curtis, SHAW- Led Lady Bears
two two critical wins over JCSU and FSU.


Fort Valley State
Clark Atlanta
Albany State
Kentucky State

SammelkaThomas,6-2,Sr., F,MILES-Averaged
20.7 points, 17 rebounds, 3 steals, 2 blocks and
2.3 assists in 1-2 week. Scored 28 points and got
22 rebounds in loss to Lane. Averaged 13.6 points
and 10.7 rebounds.
Courtney English, 6-0, Jr., F, MILES- Averaged
13.0 points, 11.3 rebounds in three games. Also
averaged 1.7 steal and 1 assist.


Miss. Valley St.
Alabama A&M
Alcom State
Alabama State
Grambling State
Prairie View A&M
Jackson State
Texas Southern
Ark. Pine Bluff

11 4
10 5
9 5
8 7
8 6
8 6
8 6
7 7
2 12
1 14

14 12
11 11
14 10
10 17
11 12
12 12
11 14
10 13
4 21
1 25

De'Klsha Fondon, 5-6, Sr., G/F, MVSU Led
MVSU with 17 points, 4 rebounds and 5 steals in
win over Texas Southern. In win over Prairie View,
had 5 points, 4 rebounds.
Brittany Lakes, 5-11, Sr., F/C, MVSU -Scored 20
pointsand grabbed 7 rebounds as Delta Deviletes
beat Prairie View. Came back to get 4 points and
5 boards in win over Texas Southern.

UDC 20 4
Xavier(La.) 20 8
Lncoln (Mo.) 14 10
Central State 12 10
W. Va.State 10 14
Tennessee State 9 18
Cheyney 0 24
Jullssa Anderson, So., G, UDC Averaged
13.5 points, 2.5 rebounds and blocked three
shots In two games. Was 5-for-5 fom 3-point
range vs. Bridgeport.
Denikka Brent, Fr., G, UDC In two wins
playing off thebench, averaged 9.0 points and
7.5 rebounds. Had season-high 13 rebounds
and 4 steals in win over Mercy.

AZEEZ Communications, Inc. Vol. XVIII, No. 30

I .-,



Pare Ms PerYsFrePesFbay1-2,02

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greater Macedonia Celebrates Black Black History Month Program at
History with Montford Marines St. Simon B.C. of Orange Park

The community is invited to join Greater Macedonia Baptist Church
for a Black History Celebration honoring the Montford Point Marines,
Sunday, February 26th at the 11 a.m. service. The church is located at 1880
W. Edgewood Avenue. For more information contact Tony Hill at 705-
5182, for additional information.

Summerville Missionary Baptist
Celebrates Black History Month
Summerville Missionary Baptist Church under the directives of Dr.
James W. Henry, Pastor, will celebrate Black History Month on Sunday,
February 26, 2012 at 5 p.m. The Summerville Family encourages all to
wear your African attire or clothing that represents the history of our ances-
tors. The church is located at 690 W. 20th Street, Jacksonville, Florida,
32206 (904) 598-0510.

Lent Worship Services at St. Thomas
The church family of St. Thomas Missionary Baptist Church, 5863
Moncrief Rd. Jacksonville, Fl., 32209, under the guidance of Pastor Ernie
L. Murray Sr., will have Lent Worship Service each Wednesday, February
22nd April 4th. The public is invitedto attend every Wednesday night at
7:00p.m. For more information, call 768-8800.

House of God to Host
Sabbath Day Churches
The House of God, located at 1916 Meharry Avenue, will host the Florida
State Meeting which is comprised of Sabbath Day churches throughout the
State of Florida. The presiding official will be the State Superintendent
Bishop James W. Paschal. The community is invited to worship on Friday,
February 17, 2012, beginning at 8:00 p.m. and Saturday, February 18, 2012,
beginning at 10:30 a.m and 4:00 p.m. For directions or to learn more about
the significance of the Sabbath Day, call (904) 764-4444.

Cycle Ministry Seeks Participation
Rydas 4 Righteousness Christian Motorcycle Ministry Jacksonville
Chapter teamed up with Colon Cancer Alliance to bring awareness by host-
ing a Colon Cancer Charity Event Weekend. March 23, 2012 March 25,
2012. The weekend includes a Charity Walk, Motorcycle Ride and Bike
Blessing.Contact Ruth at 674-4333 or r4r.ruth@gmail.com.

In celebration of Black History Month, St. Simon Baptist Church of
Orange Park, FL, Rev. W. H. Randall, Founding Pastor, will present an
original drama presentation "The Journey From Slavery To Freedom". The
production is being sponsored by the St. Simon Sanctuary Choir and will
be performed by the choir and congregational family on Friday, February
24th at 7 p.m. The Church is located at 1331 Miller Street, Orange Park,
FL 32073. Call 215-3300 for more information or directions.
"Our History Month" Celebrated at First Church of Palm Coast

First Church Highlights Black
History Month with Special Services
During the month of February, First Church of Palm Coast will examine
in each of its 8 a.m.and 10 a.m. worship services, Biblical themes that pro-
vide hope to persons who have experienced ostracism and oppression in
North and South America.
Sunday, February 26th Dr. E. J. Parker, III Relinquishment How can
we memorialize the millions of our ancestors who died in the "Middle
Passage" yet relinquish to God the bitterness, hatred and guilt we harbor
concerning the "Great Disaster"?; Sunday, February 26th at 3 p.m. Dr.
E. J. Parker, III Revival "People; Peril; Pride and Promise" Deuteronomy
7:7-9. The First Church of Palm Coast, is pastored by the Dr. Gillard S.
Glover. It is located at 91 Old Kings Road North in Palm Coast, Florida,
(386) 446-5759.
Mt. Olive Celebrating 19th
Anniversary of Elder Lee Harris
Mt. Olive Primative Baptist Church is recognizing 19 years of service of
Elder Lee Harris, Pastor. Featured speakers include Feb. 26th : 11 a.m. Rev.
Keith Canady of Macedonia Baptist church and 4 p.m. Rev. Charles Cooper Jr.
of Saint Andrews Missionary Baptist Church and Rev. James Sampson of First
New Zion A.M.E. The theme is "A Servant of God" Trusting God's Salvation
and Doing His Work. The church is located at 1319 N. Myrtle Avenue.
For further information, contact the church at (904) 355-0015.
Wednesday Revival at Shiloh
Shiloh Metropolitan Baptist Church will be concluding Wednesdays in the
Word Revival on February 29th at 7 p.m. The final guest speaker will be Dr.
Maurice Watson of Beaulah Land Baptist Church of Macon, Georgia.For more
information, call 353-8829.

Family and Friends at Greater Grant
Greater Grant AME Church will celebrate Family & Friends Day on
Sunday, February 26, 2012. Activities will be held throughout the month
including a Carnival on Feb. 25th from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Greater Grant is
located at 5533 Gilchrest Road. For more information, call 764-5992.

BCU Leadership Breakfast
The Duval/Nassau Alumni Chapter of B-CU will be hosting its annual Dr.
Mary McLeod Bethune Community Leadership Breakfast at The Crown
Plaza Jacksonville airport on February 25, 2012 at 9:00 A.M. The theme is
"Enter to Learn and Depart to Serve".
The funds raised from this event will support ongoing scholarship oppor-
tunities for Duval/Nassau High School seniors and daily operations of the
college. Duval/Nassau Alumni Chapter offers graduating High School sen-
iors an opportunity to receive funds for assistance with textbooks.
The Duval/Nassau Alumni Chapter will also be having their monthly
Alumni Meeting at Bono's BBQ 5903 Norwood Avenue at 6 PM It will
be every First Thursday unless otherwise specified.
For more information visit http://duvalnassaubcualumnichapter.org or
call us @ 904.307.8492 or 904.610.3412.

Celebrate Coach Washington
Celebrate Coach Nathaniel Washington at a special celebration at Bethel
Baptist Institutional Church, Saturday March 3rd at Bethel Baptist
Institutional Church in the Multi-Purpose Room. A reception begins at 4
p.m.. with dinner at 5:30 p.m. For ticket information, contact Harriet Jarrett
at 766-0881 or Johnny McCray, Chairman at 768-6872.
Young Adult Conference
If you are interested in mentoring young adults, plan to attend the Reclaim
Gathering conference, March 23rd 24th at 10:00 a.m., Riverside Park
UMC, 819 Park Street. The conference is designed to inspire a new gener-
ation to reclaim their spot in the world. For more information and registra-
tion visit www.reclaimgathering.com or email reclaim@campustocity.org
or call (904) 672-6537.

NOTICE: Church news is published free of charge. Information must be
received in the Free Press offices no later than Monday, at 5 p.m. of the
week you want it to run. Information received prior to the event date will
be printed on a space available basis until the date. Fax e-mail to 765-3803
or e-mail to JFreePress@aol.com.*

8:00 A.M. Early Morning Worship

9:30 a.m. Sunday School

11:00 a.m. Morning Worship
Tuesday Evening 7 p.m. Prayer Service
Wednesday Bible Study 6:30 7 p.m.
Mid-Week Worship 7 p.m.
Radio Weekly Broadcast WCGL 1360 AM
Sunday 2 PM 3 PM


Disciples of Christ Cbristiai Fellowship
*A Full Gospel Baptist Church *

Sunday School
9 a.m.
Morning Worship
10 a.m.
Lord's Supper
Second Sunday
3:00 p.m.
Evening Worship
Every 3rd & 4th
4 :00 p.m.


A church

that's on the

move in

worship with

prayer, praise

and power!

Pastor Robert Lecount, Jr

School of Ministry Tuesday at 7:00 p.m.

Thursday High Praise Worship 7:00 p.m.

2061 Edgewood Avenue West, Jacksonville, Florida 32208
(904) 765-5683 Email:dccfmbc@yahoo.com

Employ Florida is an equal opportunity program. Auxiliary aids and services are available upon request to individuals with
disabilities. The Employ Florida telephone may be reached by persons using TTY/TTD equipment via the Florida Relay Service
at 711. Disponible en Espanol.

Bethel Baptist Institutional Church
215 Bethel Baptist Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202 (904) 354-1464

SWeekly Services

Bishop Rudolph
McKissick, Sr.
Senior Pastor

Sunday Morning Worship
7:40 a.m. and 10:40 a.m.

Church school
9:30 a.m.
Bible Study
6:30 p.m.

Midweek Services
Wednesday Noon Service
"Miracle at Midday"
12 noon-1 p.m.
The Word from the Sons
and Daughters of Bethel
3rd Sunday 4:00 p.m

Come snare In Holy Communion on Ist Sunayat 7:40 and 10:40 a.m.

Bishop Rudolph
McKissick, Jr.
Senior Pastor

Grace and Peace r
visit www.Bethelite.org

Seeking the lost for Christ
Matthew 28:19 20

Pastor Landon Williams

Worship with us LIVE
on the web visit



Page 6 Ms. Perry's Free Press

February 16-22, 2012




Page 4

Afric age (300-1619)
Back most African men
were farmirs, raisers and fisherman.
Planting, sowing and harvesting crops were
considered women's work. Cooking was one
of the most important skills a young girl
needed to learn. One traditional dish called
fufu was made of pounded yams. Fufu was
served with soup, stew, roasted meat and
different sauces. During this time in history,
cooking was done over open pits. Africans
were very skilled in roasting, frying, stew-
ing, boiling and steaming their foods. Their
native foods were yams, okra, watermelon,
cassava, groundnuts, black-eyed peas and
Indentured Servants
and Slavery 1619
In August, 1619, the first group of Af-
ricans landed in America at Jamestown, Vir-
ginia. These Africans were indentured ser-
vants. They gave up four to seven years of
labor just to pay for transportation to Amer-
ica. Southern plantations consisted of Afri-
cans from many different tribal nations.
These Africans made up the slave popula-
tion in southern America. Verbal exchanges
of recipes on these Southern plantations led
to the development of an international Afri-
can cooking style in America. The slaves
enjoyed cooking pork, yams, sweet potatoes,
hominy, corn, ashcakes, cabbage, hoecakes,
collards and cowpeas. On these plantations,
cooking was done on an open fireplace with
large swing black pots and big skillets.
African American cooking techniques
and recipes were also influenced by Native
American Indians all across the United
States. When Africans were first brought to

History of African-

lerican Cooking

America in 1619, they lived on farms. In
many areas, local Indians taught them how
to hunt and cook with native plants. Indian
cooking techniques were later introduced
into the southern society by black American
cooks. Dishes such as corn pudding, succo-
tash, pumpkin pie, Brunswick Stew and
hominy grits are a few examples of Native
American dishes found in African American

American Revolution 1776
Between 1773 and 1785 thousands of
Africans were brought to America. They
were brought ashore in Virginia, Georgia
and the Carolinas (Sea Island). In America,
slaves were cooks, servants and gardeners.
They worked in the colonial kitchens and on
the plantations as field hands. At the Big
House, slaves cooked such foods as greens,
succotash, corn pudding, spoon bread, corn
pone and crab cakes. These foods were
cooked on an open pit or fireplace. On the
plantation, breakfast was an important and
an early meal. Hoecakes and molasses were
eaten as the slaves worked from sunup to

Reconstruction 1865
Both the northern and the southern armies
hired black Americans as cooks. Most of the
cooking throughout the South was done by
black cooks. Slaves created their own reci-
pes and made the best of hard times and
scarce supplies. Cajun and Creole cooking
developed during this period. These foods
included jambalaya, bread pudding, dirty
rice, gumbo and red beans and rice. Cooking
was done on a great big old fireplace with


Frled Okra- 8 pods okma, 1 cup yellow, cpmmeal,' tablespoon
flour, 1 teaspoon salt, V2 teaspoon pepper. A/ vegetable oil. Slice
okra jnto inch :slices. Wash oka 'iti cold water. i -x.cornmeal.
. flour.alt and peippe together. R oli~.ia'in cornmeal mix. Fry in
hot skillet for 0l minutes uritil golden brown. Drain on paper towel.
(Serve 6) :
Ffu 1 large yam, I eg, 5 teaspoons evaporated milk, I small
onion-- grated, 3 tablespoons butter or margarine, pinch of garlic
salt --eeel and cui yam into small pieces. Boil pieces imtil tender in
1/ cup water for 20 minutes. Drain off the water and mash-until
smooth. Add the egg, milk, onion and garlic salt. Beat and roll into
2 inch balls. If the mixture is too wet, add a little flour; Fry in butter.
or margarine untifbroqwn. (Serves 2-3).
H"miny Grits- 1 cup grits, I teaspoon salt, 4 cups of water. 3
tablespoons butter.or margarine. Bring water to a boil. Add salt.
Slowly stir in grits. Stir constantly to prevent lumping. Reduce heat
and cover for 1 Ominutes. Serve hot with butter. (Serves 4) -
Fufu Fufiu (Foo-fooa Fonfou, Foulou, fiif) is.tb Western and
Central Africa cooking what mashed potatoes are to traditional
European-American cooking.
2 4 Ibs. pounds of yams (use large, white or yellow yams; not
sweet potatoes, not "Louisiana yams"); or equal parts yams and
plantain bananas and 1 tsp. butter (optional).
Place yams in large pot and cover with cold water. Bring to a boil



-. '.-r P.T;,, c ".'' ~ -

-_ .

Both the northern and the southern armies hired black Americans as cooks. Many
Black Americans thought they were joining the war as enlisted man but just entered
into another form of servitude.

swing pots and skillets with legs.

Post Reconstruction Westward
Movement- 1865
At the end of the Civil War, black
Americans began to move westward. They
migrated to Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma
and Texas. Black Americans became cow-
boys and cooks on the cattle drives. Many
black Americans were also pioneers and as
farmers they survived off the land. They
adapted their cooking habits and formed
new ones when necessary. It was a great


.. l -:and. cook-. until' .tlie-yais are -so
(maybe ;half. an hour). :Reiiove pot
from ibeat and cool yams with run-
ning water. Di'ain. Remove, peels
Sfrdrn yarims.Add bitter. Put yams in
a bowl: (or back. in the empty_ pot)
S .i an hd'iasbhiviih a potato masher, then
beat and stir with a wooden spoon until completely smooth. This
might take two people:.one to hold the bowl and the.other to stir.
Shape the fufu into balls and serve immediately with meat stew or
any dish with ai sauce or'gravy. To eat it, tear off a small handful
with your fingers and use it td scoop up your meat and sauce.
Cajon Dirty Rice
Yield: 8 S&erings
1 lb Chicken Gizzards.- finely chopped, 1 lb Chicken Livers --
finely chopped .'4 cup squeeze margarine, 1 1/2 c Onion finely
chopped, 1/2 c Celery -- finely chopped,. 1/4 c Green Pepper -
.chopped, 2 Garlic Cloves -minced; 2 tsp. Salt, 1 tsp. pepper, 1/8
tsp ground'rtd pepper' 3 cups freshly cooked rice, 1/2 cup chopped
Brown meat in margarine in large skillet. Add onion, celery,
green pepper, garlic and seasonings, ,mix well. Cover..Cook, Stir-
ring occasionally, over meditim- heat .uhtil vegetables are tender.
Add rice and parsley, mtix lightly. Serve immediately.: '

challenge to create good food with primitive
tools and very limited ingredients. They
cooked such foods as: biscuits, stew, baked
beans and barbecued meat.

The Great Migration 1900-1945
During this period, a large number of
black Americans worked as cooks in private
homes, shops restaurants, schools, hotels
and colleges. Many moved to such large
cities as Chicago, New York, Ohio, Detroit
and Pennsylvania to work. Black cooks,
chefs and waiters also worked in Pullman
cars of the old railroads and on the steam-
boats. Many black Americans also started
small businesses such as fish markets, barbe-
que and soul food restaurants throughout the
United States. These establishments special-
ized in fried fish, homemade rolls, potato
salad, turkey and dressing, fried pork chops,
rice and gravy and southern fried chicken.
Cooking was done on wood burning and gas
Civil Rights Movement
1965 Present
In the early 60s and 70s, soul food, the
traditional food of black Americans, was
very popular. Soul foods were candied
yams, okra, fried chicken, pig's feet,
chitlin's, corbread, collard greens with ham
hocks and black-eyed peas. Today in the
90s, soul food preparation has changed.
Black Americans are becoming increasingly
health conscious, thus, they are avoiding
foods with high levels of fat and cholesterol,
and increasing their intake of fruit, vegeta-
bles and fiber. Black Americans are still in
the kitchen cooking, but now they are own-
ers and managers of restaurants. Today is
cooking is done on electric, gas and micro-
wave stoves.









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Page2 Higher


America Makes Legal Strides

Towards Leveling the Playing Field

HBCU's Have Paved the Wayfor Educating Black America

By James Anderson
There are more than 100 historically
Black colleges and universities in the United
States today. These institutions of higher
learning, whose principal mission is to edu-
cate African Americans, have evolved since
their beginning in 1837 when their primary
responsibility was to educate freed slaves to
read and write. At the dawn of the 21st cen-
tury, along with graduate and post-graduate
degrees, historically Black colleges and uni-
versities offer African American students a
place to earn a sense of identity, heritage and
Segregation Era
Before the Civil War (1861-1865) the
majority of Blacks in the United States were
lnclvedar Althnouch a flew frpe RlaLck at-

ing land-grant colleges established by U.S.
Congress in the Morrill Act of 1862. These
land-grant institutions, coupled with a grow-
ing system of state colleges, marked the
emergence of a distinctive style of American
higher education: publicly supported institu-
tions of higher learning serving a broad
range of students as well as the cultural,
economic, and political interests of various
local and state constituencies.
African American higher education took a
different path. From the Reconstruction era
through World War II (1939-1945) the ma-
jority of Black students were enrolled in
private colleges. Northern religious mission
societies were primarily responsible for es-
tablishing and maintaining the leading Black
colleges and universities. African American
religious philanthropy also established a

tended primarily White colleges in the North __ _
in the years before the war, such opportuni-
ties were very rare and nonexistent in the significant number.
slave states of the South. In response to the Given the virtual nonexistence of public
education for Blacks in the South, these in-
stitutions had to provide preparatory courses
at the elementary and high school levels for
f their students. Often they did not offer col-
lege-level courses for years until their stu-
..' i t dents were prepared for them. Nonetheless,
S the missionary aims of these early schools
I reflected the ideals of classical liberal educa-
S :tion that dominated American higher educa-
5'. i tion in general in that period, with its em-
i- phasis on ancient languages, natural sci-
-, *."' ences, and humanities. Blacks were trained
for literacy, but also for teaching and the
Institute for Colored Youth Building With the end of Reconstruction and the
lack of opportunity, a few institutions of return of White rule in the South, however,
secondary and higher education for Blacks opportunities for African American profes-
were organized in the antebellum years signals became scarcer. Consequently many
Cheyney University in Pennsylvania, Black and White leaders turned toward in-
founded in 1837 as the Institute for Colored dustrial training. The proponents of indus-
Youth, has the earliest founding date of an trial training, whose most public spokesman
HBCU, although for most of its early history was Booker T. Washington of the Tuskegee
it offered only elementary and high school Institute (now Tuskegee University) in Ala-
level instruction. The first great expansion in ---
Black higher education came after the war,
however, during the widening opportunities -
of Reconstruction (1865-1877).
Private Institutions
The years between the Civil War and
World War 1 (1914-1918) were an era of -
tremendous growth for American colleges
and universities. Higher education spread
primarily through institutions financed by
public taxes, particularly the rapidly expand-

bama, argued that African Americans should
concentrate on the more practical arts of
manual labor to better suit them for the work
that was available.
Meanwhile, Harvard-trained scholar W. E.
B. Du Bois was charting another path. Du
Bois paired the liberal and scientific ideals
of the missionaries with a conviction that
Black life and culture should be a primary
topic of Black thought and investigation. Du
Bois criticized Washington and his allies for
downplaying intellectual ambition and for
appeasing Southern White leaders. Du Bois's
criticisms gained influence in the following
decades, and by the end of World War I,
Black leaders had largely turned against
Washington's educational theories. The in-
creased militancy of Du Bois and others led
to student protests in the 1920s against the
raAW ^-S

White administrations at Fisk, Hampton, and
Howard. As a result of such protest, Morde-
cai Johnson was named the first Black presi-
dent of Howard in 1926.
Public Institutions
During Jim Crow
Private missionary colleges figured so
heavily in the overall scheme of higher edu-
cation for African Americans because vari-
ous states virtually excluded Blacks from
publicly supported higher education. Of the
17 Southern states that mandated racially
segregated education during the Jim Crow
era, 14 simply refused to establish land-grant
colleges for African American students until
Congress required them to do so in the 1890.
But the institutions they established were
colleges in name only. Not one met the land-
grant requirement to teach agriculture, me-
chanical arts and liberal education on a col-
legiate level.
Black Institutions
and Desegregation
With the founding of the United Negro
College Fund (UNCF) in 1944, Black col-
leges and universities enlisted the support of
corporate philanthropy and the donations of
thousands of individuals. African Americans
also continued to press for equality in public
higher education their efforts encouraged by
the Supreme Court decision in Missouri ex
rel. Gaines v. Canada in 1938, which forced
Southern state governments to concede more
resources for the improvement of African

iBT., t.

American higher education than at any time
since the Reconstruction era.
During the early 1950s, the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of Colored
People (NAACP) turned its efforts from
educational equality to school desegregation.
Its work culminated successfully in the
Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and Brown v.
Board of Education (1954) desegregation
decisions, although these decisions had little
direct effect on Black colleges.
This success in the courts sparked a new
optimism about the future of African Ameri-
can higher education. But during the last
four decades of the 20th century, that opti-
mism was tempered by the endurance of old
problems. Private colleges and universities
had not built up a solid financial base. At the
start of new millennium, raising money re-
mains the major challenge for a Black col-
lege president or chancellor. Private Black
colleges are struggling to keep their funding
sources viable and to fight off financial star-
vation in an increasingly competitive envi-
ronment. Public Black colleges are fighting
to obtain their fair share of state support, and

this struggle is greatly compromised by in-
action and resistance from state legislatures.
In 1992 the Supreme Court ruled in United
States v. Fordice that patterns of racial seg-
regation still remained in Mississippi's pub-
lic university system, nearly 40 years after
Brown v. Board of Education The slow
elimination of segregation has in general had
mixed blessings for Black colleges and uni-
versities, as integrated White institutions
have drawn Black students and support
away from the traditional Black schools. But
after stagnating enrollments in the 1970s and
1980s, the student population at HBCUs
rose 25 percent between 1986 and 1994, an
increase greater than the average for U.S.
colleges and universities.

B Iv Borgma

T In its tumul-
SI tuous 40-
Sy year history,
~ affirmative
action has
been both
praised and
pilloried as
an answer
President Lyndon Johnson to racial
inequality. The policy was introduced in
1965 by President Johnson as a method
of redressing discrimination that had
persisted in spite of civil rights laws and
constitutional guarantees. "This is the
next and more profound stage of the bat-
tle for civil rights," Johnson asserted.
"We seek... not just equality as a right
and a theory, but equality as a fact and as
a result."
A Temporary Measure to
Level the Playing Field
Focusing in particular on education
and jobs, affirmative action policies re-
quired that active measures be taken to
ensure that blacks and other minorities
enjoyed the same opportunities for pro-
motions, salary increases, career ad-
vancement, school admissions, scholar-
ships, and financial aid that had been the
nearly exclusive province of whites.
From the outset, affirmative action was
envisioned as a temporary remedy that
would end once there was a "level play-
ing field" for all Americans.
Bakke and Reverse
By the late '70s, however, flaws in the
policy began to show up amid its good
intentions. Reverse discrimination be-
came an issue, epitomized by the famous
Bakke Case in 1978. Allan Bakke, a
white male, had been rejected two years

Affirmative action programs are governed by a num-
ber of overlapping laws. A common principle is that
whether for admissions or employment, affinnattve
action programs such as targeted recruitment and goals
are encouraged to remedy past effects of discrimmna-
tion: quotas are disfavored.
14 Amendment of the United States Constitution
The "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth
.4-mendment. wluch applies only to public institution.,
prohibits discrimination based on race or se\. Accord-
ing to recent U.S. Supreme Court cases decided under
this pro\ vision, such as Cam of Richmond v. JA. Croson
Co., -488 U.S 469 (1989). public employers' affirmative
action programs must be justified by and narrowly tai-
lored to remedy specific evidence of past discrimina-
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C.
2000d, and regulations at 45 C.F.R. 80.1 et seq.
Title VI prohibits race discrimination in any program
receiving federal funds. This law applies to both adnus-
sions and employees Violations can result in with-

in a row by a medical school that had
accepted less qualified minority appli-
cants-the school had a separate admis-
sions policy for minorities and reserved
16 out of 100 places for minority stu-
dents. The Supreme Court outlawed in-
flexible quota systems in affirmative
action programs, which in this case had
unfairly discriminated against a white
applicant. In the same ruling, however,
the Court upheld the legality of affirma-
tive action per se.
A Zero-Sum
Game for Conservatives
Fueled by "angry white men," a back-
lash against affirmative action began to
mount. To conservatives, the system was
a zero-sum game that opened the door for
jobs, promotions, or education to minori-
ties while it shut the door on whites. In a
country that prized the values of self-
reliance and pulling oneself up by one's
bootstraps, conservatives resented the
idea that some unqualified minorities
were getting a free ride on the American
system. "Preferential treatment" and
"quotas" became expressions of con-
tempt. Even more contentious was the
accusation that some minorities enjoyed
playing the role of professional victim.
Why could some minorities who had also
experienced terrible adversity and ra-
cism-Jews and Asians, in particular-
manage to make the American way work
for them without government handouts?
"Justice and Freedom for All"
Still in Its Infancy
Liberals countered that "the land of
opportunity" was a very different place
for the European immigrants who landed
on its shores than it was for those who
arrived in the chains of slavery. As histo-
rian Roger Wilkins pointed out, "blacks
have a 375-year history on this continent:
245 involving slavery, 100 involving
legalized discrimination, and only 30

drawval of federal finds or suits by private individuals
Cases brought under Title VI. such as University of
Calitornia Board of Regents v. Bakke. 438 U.S. 265
I 1978). establish that ui an affirmatn\e action contest,
race can be one of several factors used in admissions
Title lII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42
U.S.C.A. 2000e et seq., and regu rations at 29
C.F.R. 1604-1606, 1608.1 et seq.
Title VlI prohibits employment discrimination based
on race. color, religion. sex, or national origin bv any
employer idit 15 or more employees: as amended in
1972 it applies to public and private educational institu-
tions Cases decided under Title \1 I authorize affirma-
tite action programs that are "narrow ly tailored" to
remedy past discrimination based on race, sex, etc.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20
U.S.C. 1681 et seq., and regulations at 34 C.F.R.
106.1 et seq., 45 C.F.R. 86.1 et seq.
Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in all educa-
tional institutions that receive federal funding. Title


IX's affinnatia e action provisions apply to both ema-
ployment and admission of students. Violations cani
result in withdrawal of federal funds or suits by private
individuals. Regulations promulgated under Title IX,
34 C.F.R. 106.3, autlionze affinni:,e or remedial
action in stances in which members of one sex must
be treated differently to overcome the spe.Cfic e.tiecis of
past discriIunation.
Executive Order 11246. Sept. 24, 1965. asl
amended by Executive Order 11375, Oct. 13, 1%'.
41 C.F.R. 60-1 et seq.
Executive Order 11246 requires federal co:::racters- to
adopt and implement "affirmamte acnon programs' to
promote attainment of equal employment objectives. It
authorizes use of goals but prohibits quotas. and applies
to race, religion. color, national origin. and sex.
State Laws
Many states have laws that are sunilar to Title \11 or
Title LX. In some instances, state laws provide broader
remedies or more expansive coverage to protectedl
groups. _ZeB_ d I
_g ad_

Page 3

Laws Applying to Affirmative Action in Educational Institutions


involving anything else."
Considering that the laws of Jim
Crow and lynching existed well into the
'60s, and that myriad subtler forms of
racism in housing, employment, and edu-
catioh persisted well beyond the civil
rights movement, conservatives impa-
tient for blacks to "get over" the legacy
of slavery needed to realize that slavery
was just the beginning of racism in
America. Liberals also pointed out that
another popular conservative argument-
that because of affirmative action, mi-
norities were threatening the jobs of
whites-belied the reality that white men
were still the undisputed rulers of the
roost when it came to salaries, positions,
and prestige.
Polemics Turn Gray
The debate about affirmative action
has also grown more murky and difficult
as the public has come to appreciate its
complexity. Many liberals, for example,
can understand the injustice of affirma-
tive action in a case like Wygant (1986):
black employees kept their jobs while
white employees with seniority were laid
off. And many conservatives would be
hard pressed to come up with a better
alternative to the imposition of a strict
quota system in Paradise (1987), in
which the defiantly racist Alabama De-
partment of Public Safety refused to pro-
mote any black above entry level even
after a full 12 years of court orders de-
manded they did.
The Supreme Court: Wary of
"Abstractions Going Wrong"
The Supreme Court justices have been
divided in their opinions in affirmative
action cases, partially because of oppos-
ing political ideologies but also because
the issue is simply so complex. The
Court has approached most of the cases
in a piecemeal fashion, focusing on nar-

row aspects of policy rather than grap-
pling with the whole.
Even in Bakke-the closest thing to a
landmark affirmative action case-the
Court was split 5-4, and the judges' vari-
ous opinions were far more nuanced than
most glosses of the case indicate. Sandra
Day O'Connor often characterized as the
pivotal judge in such cases because she
straddles conservative and liberal views
about affirmative action, has been de-
scribed by University of Chicago law
professor Cass Sunstein as "nervous
about rules and abstractions going
wrong. She's very alert to the need for
the Court to depend on the details of each

Landmark Ruling Buttresses
Affirmative Action
But in a landmark 2003 case involving
the University of Michigan's affirmative
action policies-one of the most impor-
tant rulings on the issue in twenty-five
years-the Supreme Court decisively
upheld the right of affirmative action in
higher education.
In the Michigan cases, the Supreme
Court ruled that although affirmative
action was no longer justified as a way of
redressing past oppression and injustice,
it promoted a "compelling state interest"
in diversity at all levels of society. A
record number of "friend-of-court" briefs
were filed in support of Michigan's af-
firmative action case by hundreds of or-
ganizations representing academia, busi-
ness, labor unions, and the military, argu-
ing the benefits of broad racial represen-
tation. As Sandra Day O'Connor wrote
for the majority, "In order to cultivate a
set of leaders with legitimacy in the eyes
of the citizenry, it is necessary that the
path to leadership be visibly open to :al-
ented and qualified individuals of evern
race and ethnicity."

Page 9 Ms. Perry's Free Press

February 23-28, 2012


S- ;What to do from social, volunteer, political and sports activities to self enrichment and the civic scene

Poet Nikki
Giovanni at EWC
EWC Alumni Roundup invites the
community to "An Evening with
Nikki Giovanni," February 24th,
7- p.m., on the campus of Edward
Waters College, Milne Auditorium,
1658 Old Kings Rd. For more infor-
mation on the free event, call (904)

Lt. Gov. Jennifer
Carroll at UNF
The African-American Student
Union at the University of North
Florida will feature Lt. Gov.
Jennifer Carroll as the Black
History Month keynote speaker at 4
p.m. Friday, February 24th, in the
Student Union Auditorium,
Building 58 West, on the UNF cam-
pus. For more information contact
Joanna Norris at (904) 620-2102 or
email jnorris@unf.edu.

Whale of a Sale
The Junior League of Jacksonville
will present their annual upscale
Garage Sale February 24th and
25th at the Jacksonville
Fairgrounds. The weekend begins
with a Preview Party and Silent
Auction event on Friday evening.
Come for fabulous food, drinks and
activities, bid on a great selection of
Silent Auction items and enjoy
early access to merchandise. To
purchase tickets or get more infor-
mation, visit http://www.jljack-

ASLAH Meeting
The James Weldon Johnson
Branch for the Studies of African-
American Life and History, Inc.
will be celebrating Black History
on Saturday, February 25th at the

Urban League Bldg, 903 W. Union
Street, 10:00 a.m. For more infor-
mation contact Alonzo McNealy at
(904) 236.2930 or Flora
McClendon-Parker at (904) 378-
3897or email flparker0618@bell-

We Remember Raines
Documentary Premiere
The premiere of the documentary
"We Remember Raines," An All
American High school story, will be
on Saturday, February 25th at 7
p.m., in the Raines Auditorium.The
Film is narrated by former news
anchor Ben Frazier and DJ
Genedot.com. For more informa-
tion and tickets contact Emmanuel
Washington at (904) 465-6891 or

BCU Leadership
The Duval/Nassau Alumni
Chapter of Bethune Cookman
University will host its annual Dr.
Mary McLeod Bethune Community
Leadership Breakfast, at Airport
Crown Plaza, on February 25th,
at 9 a.m. The theme is "Enter to
Learn and Depart to Serve". Email
darrell.brown71@yahoo.com or call
at (904) 307.8492 for more info.

Ms. Senior
Pageant Meeting
The Ms. Senior Jacksonville
Pageant team is holding a meeting
February 26th, 2 p.m. at the
Cathedral Terrace, 701 North
Ocean Street. Interested candidates
call (904) 887-8156 or email
Pageant Director, Kenyonn Demps
at dempsk@gmail.com or visit

Alvin Ailey
The Alvin Ailey American Dance
Theatre will be in town Tuesday,
February 28th at the Times Union
Center of Performing Arts. The
dancers turn every movement
onstage into a testament to living.
For more information visit
www.artistseriesjax.org or call
(904) 632-3373.

Ritz Jazz Jamm
The March Ritz Jazz Jamm will
feature singer SIMONE on
Saturday, March 3rd, at 7 p.m. and
10 p.m. Tickets on sale now. For
more information call (904) 632-
5555or email ritztheatre@coj.net.

UniverSoul Circus
The UniverSoul Circus will return
to Jacksonville February 28-
March 4th. The big top tent will be
headquartered by the Prime
Osborne Convention Center. For
more information, contact
Ticketmaster at 1-800-745-3000.

Spoken Word
at the Ritz
Once a month the Ritz offers an
open mic for poets and poetry
lovers of all ages. Show off your
own talent for verse, or just come,
listen and soak up the creative
atmosphere. The next one is
Thursday, March 1st at 7 p.m. For
more information, call 632-5555.

Harlem Globetrotters
The Harlem Globetrotters will
bring their 2012 World Tour to
Jacksonville Veterans Memorial
Arena on Friday March 2, 2012, at
7:00 p.m. To purchase tickets visit
www.ticketmaster.com or by phone
at (800) 745-3000.

Mayor's Walk for
Senior Wellness
Join Mayor Brown on Saturday
March 3rd for a Senior Wellness
Walk at Metropolitan Park.
Festivities kick off at 9 a.m. For
more information, call 630-0837.

SIMONE Speaks on
Mother Nina Simone
Simone, daughter of music icon
Nina Simone will perform two
shows ( 7 and 10 p.m..) at the Ritz
Theatre ad Museum, Saturday,
March 3rd. SIMONE and her
band will be performing an eclectic
evening of pop, soul, jazz, rock and
funk from her current CD,
SIMONE on Simone. For tickets
contact the Ritz box office at 632-
555 or visit

The Jacksonville Bar Association
and Jacksonville Area Legal Aid are
offering an "Ask-A-Lawyer" event
on Saturday, March 3rd, 9 a.m. -
noon., at the Gateway Town Center.
Attorneys will conduct individual,
10-to-15-minute consultations.
Interested persons should contact
Kathy Para, Esq. at (904) 356-8371,
ext. 363 or email kathy.para@jaxle-

Presenting Wynton
Marsalis with Jazz
Acclaimed jazz artist Wynton
Marsalis will be in concert with the
Lincoln Center Orchestra, Sunday
March 4th at 8 p.m. at the Florida
Theatre. For more information call

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Michael Jackson Tour
by Cirque du Soleil
The Michael Jackson Immortal
World Tour by Cirque du Soleil
will give fans a unique view into the
spirit, passion and heart of the artis-
tic genius who forever transformed
global pop culture. The show hits
the Veterans Memorial Arena
Wednesday, March 7 & 8th at 8
p.m. For tickets, call 630-3900 or
visit www.cirquedusoleil.com.

Royal Comedy Tour
The Royal Comedy Tour featuring
comedians Sommore, Bruce Bruce,
Mark Curry and more will stop in
Jacksonville Friday, March 9th at
the Veterans Memorial Arena. Call
(904) 630-3900 for more info.

Great Atlantic
Music Festival
The metroPCS Great Atlantic
Music Festival will kick off their
festival season on Saturday,
March 24th, at noon at the
Jacksonville Beach Pavilion. The
free festival offers live music, fresh
seafood, a festival market place,
surf contest, and rides and games
for the entire family. For more
information visit www.greatat-
lanticmusicfest.com or contact
Amy Galbreath at 923-0995.

Stanton Class of
1972A11 Class Party
Calling all Classes of 1972 -
Raines, Ribault, Jackson, Lee,
Wolfson, etc. The Stanton Class of
1972 is hosting the first ever com-
bined event "Spring Dance All
Classes of 1972 ," Saturday, March


24, 2012, 8 p.m. 2 a.m. at the
Prince Community Center, 3315
North Liberty Street. Food, fun, old
school and line dance. For more
info email

DEEN Swings
Fore Diabetes
Swing to help DEEN raise money
for diabetes, Thursday, March 29th
at 7 a.m., at the Country Club of
Orange Park, 2525 Country Club
Blvd. Enjoy golf and participant in
hole-in-one, raffle tickets, longest
drive, putting challenge, lunch and
awards ceremony. For more infor-
mation contact Rick at 881-4924 or
email mhenry@deendevelopment.org.

Bill Cosby in Concert
Renowned comedian Bill Cosby
will speak on the human condition,
family relationships, and the evolv-
ing roles of men and women.
Sunday, April 29th at 2 p.m., at the
Times Union Center. Call 633-
6110 or visit

Miracle on
Ashley Street
The Clara White Mission's 15th
annual "Miracle on Ashley Street"
Celebrity Chef and Servers event
will be held, Friday, May 18th, 11
a.m. to 1 p.m. The annual event is
held to raise funds to benefit and
address the homeless and critical
demands for the homeless and low-
income. For more information con-
tact Lynn Jones at
ljones@clarawhitemisson.org or
call (904) 354.4162.

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Page 10 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 23-28, 2012

Jax Job Corps Students Attend

Policy Forum in Washington, DC

L-R Barbara Walker-Gainesville Job Corps Business/Community Liaison, Eddie Griffin-SGA President,
Congresswoman Corrine Brown, Kenderson Hill-Center Director, Joann Manning-Business/Community
Liaison, Tomas Moya-SGA Vice President.

Students from the Jacksonville
Job Corps Center got the rare
opportunity to attend the National
Job Corps Association Policy
Forum in Washington, D.C. Eddie
Griffin, Student Government
President and Tomas Moya, Vice
President attended the event.. The
students were escorted by Center
Director Kenderson Hill and Joann
Manning, Business and Community
Liaison for the Jacksonville Job
Corps Center. While in the Capitol,
the students visited and met with
Congressional staffers from
Congressmen Ander Crenshaw,
John Mica, Senator Bill Nelson and
Senator Marco Rubio's office. The
Job Corps representatives were also
delighted to meet and speak with
Congresswoman Corrine Brown
who is a strong supporter of the
program and has provided intern-
ship opportunities for many stu-
dents over the years.
Mr. Griffin and Moya both
shared their challenging past and
their praise for Job Corps.
"If it wasn't for Job Corps I don't

know where my life would be right
now," said Griffin. Students from
around the country shared their sto-
ries with the legislators and pleaded
for continued funding for a program
that does so much for so many.
National Job Corps Director
Edna Primrose and Congressman
Jim Clyburn, Assistant Democratic
Party Leader from South Carolina
spoke to the students and staff
about the importance of the pro-
gram and why it must survive.
Students had the opportunity to ask
Ms. Primrose a variety of questions
about Job Corps, its future pro-
gramming and funding.
The final day of the conference
included an educational tour of the
Washington DC. Students visited
the Lincoln Memorial, MLK
Monument, Arlington National
Cemetery, the US Capitol, House
and Senate. Many of the students
had never been out of their home
state, flown on an airplane or been
in the nation's capitol.
February was an exciting time for
the Center capping off their winter

graduation with 100 students com-
pleting the program. Fifty students
walked across the stage to receive
High School Diplomas and Career
technical Training Certificates.
The center hosts 2 graduations
per year in order to facilitate the
many graduates completing the pro-
gram. Students all over the state
returned to participate in the gradu-
ation ceremonies. Once the stu-
dents complete the program the
focus is employment, college, mili-
tary or advance training.
Jacksonville Job Corps center
trains about 525 students per year.
The young men and women study
to become: carpenters, electricians,
certified nurse assistants, office
administrators, pharmacy techni-
cians and other professionals.
The program helps 16 to 24 year
old young men and women to
improve the quality of their lives
through career technical and aca-
demic training.
For more information on Job
Corps, visit www.jacksonville.job-

Dr. Landon Williams
Williams Lauded

With Building

Dr. Landon L. Williams, union
trailblazer and beloved pastor of
Greater Macedonia Baptist Church,
culminated 36 years in the pulpit
last weekend with a bevy of spiritu-
al services in his honor and the ded-
ication of the South Atlantic ILA
District Building in his name.
Hundreds gathered at the Haines
Street building location to honor
the man credited to bringing thou-
sands of Longshoreman, both black
and white, to a middle class
Dr. Williams, Sr. began his career
as a dock worker in the port of
Jacksonville, Florida in 1951. He
later became president of his local
(1408) in 1961 and remained presi-
dent until 1983. Dr. Williams rose
through the district of the
International Longshoreman
Association to become a vice pres-
ident on the district and interna-
tional level positions he held for
over twenty two (22) years.
The concept of a South Atlantic
and Gulf Coast District Office was
a part of his leadership vision in the
late 1960's. Through the office,
several funds are administered
including the Escrow, Vacation and
Holiday Funds.
The celebrated dedication
reception was presided by ILA
1408 Executive Board member
Fred Wakefield and included a
spirited address by ILA District
Vice President Charles Spencer.
The building is now named the
Dr. Landon E. Williams South
Atlantic ILA/ Employers District
Office. The project was under the
guidance of Tony Hill

Blacks and Latinos Twice as

Likely to Retire in Poverty

Black and Latino seniors in the
U.S. are facing a tougher time in
retirement: Elder poverty rates are
twice as high among these groups
compared to the U.S. population as
a whole, according to a new study
by the University of California,
Some 19.4 percent of black and
19.0 percent of Latino seniors have
incomes below the federal poverty
line, compared to 9.4 percent
for the senior population
overall, according to the
analysis, which is based on
data from the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics Current
Population Survey and U.S.
Census Bureau American
Community Survey.
"Recent household surveys show
that retirees of color, especially
blacks and Latinos, rely more heav-
ily on Social Security and have less
access to other types of retirement
income than their white counter-
parts," researcher Nari Rhee of UC
Berkeley's Center for Labor
Research and Education, said in a
Less than one-third of employed
Latinos and less than half of black

workers are covered by an employ-
er-sponsored retirement plan, a key
resource in ensuring adequate
retirement income. As a result, they
are disproportionately reliant on the
limited income provided by Social
Security, the report found.
Among retirees age 60 and older,
people of color are disproportion-
ately likely to be low income: For
2007-2009, 31.6 percent of blacks

and 46.5 percent ot Latmos were m
the bottom 25 percent income
group. The "other" race category of
the Census, which includes
Asian/Pacific Islander and Native
Americans, is also more likely to be
low-income the report noted.
"It is critical to improve both job
access and job quality -- in terms of
wages and benefits, including pen-
sion benefits -- to improve retire-
ment prospects for current work-
ers," Rhee stated.

Affirmative Action continued from front

Continued from front
around the time of the election.
"This case presents the court with
an opportunity to clarify the bound-
aries of race preferences in higher
education, or even reconsider
whether race should be permitted at
all under the Constitution's guaran-
tee of equal protection," says
Edward Blum, the director of the
Project on Fair Representation, a
legal defense foundation that has
providedcounsel for Fisher.
The Texas legislature passed the
"Top Ten Percent Law" in 1997 that
mandates that Texas high school
seniors in the top 10 percent of their
class be automatically admitted to
any Texas state university. In addi-
tion to that program, the school
considers race along with other fac-
tors for admission. Fisher did not
qualify for automatic admission.
Instead, she competed with other
non-Top-10 state applicants, some
of whom were entitled to racial
preferences. She was denied admis-
sion and argues it was race based.
Her lawyers argue in court
papers, "Whether a public universi-

ty can layer racial preferences over
a non-racial admissions plan that
ensures substantial levels of minor-
ity enrollment is a question which
warrants review by this court."
It was only in 2003 that the
Supreme Court took up a similar
affirmative action case and narrow-
ly upheld the limited use of race as
a factor in law school admissions.
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor
wrote the 5-4 decision Grutter v.
Bollinger and held that the gov-
ernment has a compelling interest
in diversity in public universities.
But a lot has changed since then.
Most importantly in this instance,
Justice Samuel Alito replaced
Justice O'Connor on the bench.
"The addition of Justice Alito to
this court adds an element to the
case that would not likely have
been there with Justice O'Connor,"
Blum of the Project on Fair
Representation said. "The differ-
ence is that Justice Alito has shown
himself in other cases to be more
skeptical of racial classifications
and preferences than did Justice

Mount Lebanon Explores Cultural Heritage at 15th Annual African Brunch
__ua-;pa 1 r~~rnk

Seated (left to right) Annie Laurie Wilson, First Lady Betty Sumner and Mildred Carter. Standing (left to right) Aldean Green, Lula Jones, Laverne White,
MaShawnda Mack, Gloria Griffin, Mary Mainor, Minister of Music Reginald Haywood, Pauletta Rivers, Nancy Evans, Letha Morrison, Juanita Copeland,
Sister Magdelene Tunsill, and Mandy Kierce.

Mount Lebanon Missionary
Baptist Church held their 15th
annual African Brunch in honor
of black history month.
Over 100 church members don-
ning traditional African attire,
fellowshipped and heard the
inspirational words of motiva-
tional speaker Vanessa
Richmond. Ms. Richmond

enlightened attendees on "This
Journey" which brought the
audience to their feet as she com-
manded each individual to claim
that "I am somebody." She also
spoke about African American
history and how the church has
been the driving force for African
Americans since slavery.
Another highlight was the youth

presentation of a skit entitled "I
Believe." The play depicted chil-
dren in 1899 picking cotton in the
fields and the struggles of life as a
sharecropper. Each character in
the play had a name that envi-
sioned a dreamer, a pessimist and
a mediator to release the chains to
end slavery.
Mary Mainor, presiding hostess

presented the African-American
attire on parade. First lady Betty
Sumner walked the runway with
style as her deaconess and mem-
bers joined the parade with color-
ful attire fit for a queen.
Individuals enjoyed an array of
food, door prizes and music. The
festive brunch was chaired by
Ms. Aldean Green.

The Cotton pickers: Dominique Mii ik. liaija Morris, Mikan Thomas,
Jajuan Thomas, Jaila Ferrell, ( hardail Mack, Chawn MIack, Myreeka Butler,
Myreeka Butler, Mahogany Gordon, Marirlh Davis, Najah lHoward, Kadelsha
Wyman and Charity Stamper.

February 23-28, 2012

Page 10 Ms. Perry's Free Press

Ms. Pery's Fee Prss Pge 11 ebruay238,01

Don Cornelius is Gone but the

Legacy of Soul Train Will Live On

by S. Gamboa
(AP) Before the death of Don
Cornelius stirred pangs of "Soul
Train" nostalgia in the American
public, a group of black entrepre-
neurs already had begun working to
revive Cornelius' creation and carry
it beyond line dances at parties and
television reruns.
What, exactly, can be done with
"Soul Train," given that it lasted

nearly four decades and is consid-
ered an American institution, even
though there hasn't been a new
episode in six years? Will the soul
of "Soul Train" carry on, or drift
into history?
Soul Train Holdings LLC, the
entity created by NBA legend and
entrepreneur Earvin "Magic"
Johnson when he bought the "Soul
Train" library and brand last year,
has a lot of ideas. Among them are
bringing a "Soul Train" variety
show back to television, CEO
Kenard Gibbs told The Associated
Press. There have been discussions
with writers about taking "Soul
Train" to Broadway, Gibbs said,
and also in the works are film
opportunities, potential book deals
and, in 2013, the first "Soul Train"
"The brand itself, we believe, has
far, far other entertainment-based
tentacles we can stretch," Gibbs
During a memorial for Cornelius
in Los Angeles last week, Johnson
assured Cornelius' son Tony, "The
brand that your father has created
will last a lifetime."
Black Entertainment Network
LLC, BET, and Centric TV, a BET
Network, also has rights to the Soul
Train brand and name, and have
revamped the Soul Train Awards,
which have aired on BET Networks
since 2009. The awards show has
been the network's second highest-

rated special, said Paxton Baker,
Centric executive vice president
and general manager.
Baxter said the show has held its
own and plans are under way for a
tribute to Cornelius for this year's
show, planned for broadcast Nov.
25, keeping its Sunday-after-
Thanksgiving air date tradition, on
BET and Centric.
"For our part, it was a great brand

and made a lot of sense for us to go
out and acquire the brand and put
our stamp on it," Baker said.
There are some 1,100 hours of
"Soul Train" episodes and specials,
many of which have only aired once
on television. Some are posted on
the "Soul Train" website, reminding
viewers of celebrities' past lives.
Talk show host Jay Leno recently
reminded star athlete Johnson, that
even he once grooved on the iconic
show's dance floor. Leno aired a
clip of a younger, slimmer Johnson
towering over the other dancers
with moves best described as
bouncing, and jokingly asked if
Johnson bought "Soul Train" "just
so you could bur that tape?"
There is no shortchanging the
impact that "Soul Train" still has
today. "Soul Train" lines -- some
impromptu, some organized --
popped up around the country in
honor of Cornelius after his death
Feb. 1. Well before Cornelius died,
they were a staple at weddings or
other festive gatherings, and even
found their way into movies such as
Spike Lee's "Crooklyn" in 1994 and
the family holiday story "This
Christmas" in 2007.
"What 'Soul Train' did was to
make it so visible and make it
almost a ritual for black America,"
said Mark Anthony Neal, a profes-
sor of African and African-
American Studies at Duke

In the 1970s, "Soul Train" alone
provided a national, weekly show-
case for R&B artists, black culture
and fashion, and gave advertisers an
entrde to the black consumer mar-
ket. By the '80s, mainstream audi-
ences moved on while African
Americans stuck with the show,
said Christopher Lehman, author of
"A Critical History of Soul Train on
"As a result, mainstream
audiences begin to see 'Soul
Train' as a show that is a relic
of the '70s just because it
hadn't been showing music
that was popular with the
mainstream since the '70's,
even though the music had
been popular with African
Americans all along,"
Lehman said.
The success of "Soul
Train" success got many oth-
ers in the game, some that
had far more resources to
devote to the programming,
said Marc Lamont Hill, asso-
ciate professor of education
at Columbia University and
an expert on the hip-hop gen-
eration. "Soul Train" had to
compete with video shows
on BET that broadcast black
artists, and eventually MTV and
VH-1. A plethora of awards shows
also provide competition, including
the BET Awards.
Now, Hill said, the entertainment
culture has shifted, where shows
featuring black culture are no
longer owned solely by African

Americans, he said.
"To some extent Soul Train's
legacy is partially dependent on
people who didn't create it, who
may not be as committed to the cul-
ture as its original creators," Hill
Gibbs acknowledged that it is not
easy to continue a television show's
brand beyond its lifetime on televi-
sion -- and there are few shows that
have. But he said he's certain it can
happen for "Soul Train."
"I think that dance, fashion and
music, the best of music, are really
the tent poles for 'Soul Train' going
forward. I believe those things are
enduring just as the ideas and ideals
of love, peace and soul are endur-
ing," Gibbs said.
Whatever the future of the show
and its progeny, black independent
media -- what was the "germ" of
"Soul Train" -- are increasing their
foothold in American mainstream
culture, Neal said. Radio show pro-
ducers Tom Joyner and Michael
Baisden and Issa Rae, creator of the
Web-produced show "The
Misadventures of an Awkward
Black Girl" are carrying on the
"Soul Train" legacy and "all bene-
fitting from something Don
Cornelius set in motion with Soul
Train," Neal said.
"When all is said and done, he
wanted to be able to present black
acts on television on what he saw as
its most organic context .... He
understood correctly there was an
interest for that well beyond black
communities," Neal said.

Whitney Houston items for auction
A black velvet dress that belonged to Whitney
Houston and a pair of earrings she wore in "The
Bodyguard" will be sold to the highest bidder next
S month.The pieces and other Houston items became
Available after the singer's unexpected death on
BJ Feb. 11 and will be included among a long-planned
S sale of Hollywood memorabilia such as Charlie
Chaplin's cane, Clark Gable's jacket from "Gone
With the Wind" and Charlton Heston's staff from
"The Ten Commandments."
The singer's floor-length black dress is valued at $1,000 but likely to
collect much more. Same goes for the vest she wore in "The
Bodyguard," listed at $400, and the faux-pearl earrings that start at
Houston fans and other collectors can bid online, by phone or in per-
son during the "Hollywood Legends" auction on March 31 and April 1.
Lots will be shown during a free public exhibition beginning March 19
at Julien's Auctions in Beverly Hills, California, just blocks from the
Beverly Hilton Hotel, where Houston died at age 48
Chris Tucker owes the IRS $12 Million
Comedian Chris Tucker doesn't have a lot to laugh
about these days considering Uncle Sam and the
Peach state are after him big time.
Georgia is now getting in on the act for a 2007 tax
lien and has reportedly added yet another
$592.594.82 to the actor's already whopping IRS
debt of $11,571,909.26 reports TMZ.
Tucker owes the feds taxes for 2001, 2002, 2004
and 2006 and even got rid of two Florida homes to
help lessen the debt. Last October, Tucker unloaded one of his Florida
homes for $1,050,000 even though the asking price on it was $1.5 mil-
lion. Before the bank planned to foreclose on his 8,861 square foot
Lake County, Florida home back in November of last year, Tucker had
a short sale on it and sold the mansion for a reported $2 million even
though he still owed $4.4 million on it.
Back in 2001, the funnyman reportedly took in a $20 million payday for
"Rush Hour 2" and scored $25 million for "Rush Hour 3" which hit the-
aters in 2007. Now there is talk that Tucker might resurrect his role in
Ice Cube's "Friday" movie franchise which could also help chip away
at his compounding tax debt.

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 11

February 23-28, 2012

February 23-28, 2012

Stars Sing the Blues with the President

dent just couldn't say no: Mick
Jagger held out a mic almost by
way of command, and soon Barack
Obama was belting out the blues
with the best of them.
The East Room of the White
House was transformed into an inti-
mate blues club this week for a con-
cert featuring blues all-stars of the
past, present and future and the
president himself.
The surprise performance by
Obama came at the end of the
playlist when the blues ensemble
was singing "Sweet Home
Chicago," the blues anthem of
Obama's home town.
Buddy Guy prodded the presi-
dent, saying he'd heard that the
president sang part of an Al Green
tune recently, and adding, "You
gotta keep it up."
Then Jagger handed over the mic,

and Obama seemed compelled to
"Come on, baby don't you want
to go," the president sang out twice,
handing off the mic to B.B. King
momentarily, and then taking it
back to tack on "Sweet Home
Chicago" at the end.
That was how Obama ended the
This was how he began it: Obama
said sometimes there are downsides
to being the president. You can't
just go for a walk, for example.
And then there are the times that
more than make up for all those
frustrations, he said, like Tuesday
night, when Jagger, King, Jeff Beck
and other musical giants came by
the house to sing the blues.
"I guess things even out a little
bit," Obama joked at the start of a
rollicking East Room concert that
was electrified by Jagger and the

"This music speaks to something
universal," Obama declared. "No
one goes through life without both
joy and pain, triumph and sorrow.
The blues gets all of that, some-
times with just one lyric or one
note. "
King, 86, arrived in a wheelchair
but rose tall to kick off the night

with a raucous "Let the Good Times
Roll," quickly joined by other
members of the ensemble. And he
followed with "The Thrill is Gone."
From there, Obama and his wife,
Michelle, were swaying in their
seats and singing along to an all-
hits playlist including "St. James
Infirmary" and "Let Me Love You."

Community Sought To Help Document
African American Neighborhoods.

Information is being gathered on
African American communities in
Jacksonville. Presently the concen-
tration is on La Villa-Downtown,
Brooklyn, Campbell Hill, Mixon
Town, New Town, College Park,
Sugar Hill, Durkeeville, and all
other (approximately 11) estab-
lished neighborhood with the city.
The purpose is to identify and doc-

Mayor Shares Black History with Greenville Elementary

UNF to Unveil First MLK Statue

on Florida College Campus

The University of North Florida
will unveil the first statue of Martin
Luther King Jr. to be placed on a
Florida college campus at 10:30
a.m., Tuesday, Feb. 28, in Peace
Plaza on campus. This event, spon-
sored by the Center for Intercultural
PEACE at UNF, is free and open to
the public.
The 8-foot-6-inch bronze statue
of Martin Luther King Jr. was cre-
ated by artist Jasu Shilpi, the
Bronze Woman of India, the same
artist who designed the Gandhi stat-
ue, also located in Peace Plaza. The
life-sized statue will stand on a
granite base inscribed with three
quotations from the famous orator's
speeches, sermons and writings.
"The statue of Dr. Martin Luther
King Jr. will beautify our campus

and remind students, faculty, staff
and visitors of this great
American," said Oupa Seane, direc-
tor of the Intercultural Center for
PEACE at UNF. "The statue is
going to be an edification piece,
something that uplifts individuals
both educationally and morally."
Funds for the creation of the stat-
ue were raised through private
donations, and a donor plaque will
be placed at the base of the statue.
Some of the lead gifts for the statue
include the Eartha M.M. White
Legacy Fund, Jacksonville Aviation
Authority and the DuBow Family
A reception will follow the
unveiling. For more information,
contact the Intercultural Center for
PEACE at (904) 620-2475.

Mayor Alvin Brown participated in Greenfield Elementary School's celebration of Black History Month
this week. A trailblazer himself, Mayor Brown is the first African-American Mayor in the city of
Jacksonville, FL. He is shown above shaking hands with students after his inspiring "up close and person-
al" address with the youngsters.

ument various geographical areas
and record individual accounts of
the history, vitality, challenges, etc.
of these communities in the words
of the people who lived there.
If you have lived or worked in any
of these areas prior to 1980 and
wish to give information on the
area's boundaries, people, institu-
tions, organizations, business
and/or general characteristics,
please call (904) 402-2205 and
leave your name and telephone
number at which you can be

The Help
Continued from Page 4
the table and I mumbled a thank
you. Now, with folk that help me
manage my life, I try to never repli-
cate that moment for anyone else.
When work is fairly paid for, it can
be good an honorable work. But
we have to work at it, at the rela-
tionship, at the ties that bind.
We are intertwined, we women
who manage households with help,
and the folk who help us. We must
manage those who help us while
maintaining their dignity. We must
understand the many ways we are
connected, and how we cannot sur-
vive without each other. We must
have a conversation about help,
helping, work and quality of life.
Helping is part of black women's
history and heritage. And it is also
and always a dilemma. Help me,
Julianne Malveaux is President of
Bennett College for Women in
Greensboro, North Carolina.

--- ------~-------- ---
I can't think about Sunday Dinner without breaking into a big grin. It's my time to share the flavors of my
native island with as many friends as I can fit into my house! That's why I go to Publix. They always have
the fresh, high-quality ingredients I need for my special dishes. Yes, on Sundays my home is filled with the
aromas that take me back to my childhood and the food that makes my guests feel right at home.


Island Shrimp over Tostones
Find recipes, tips and more at publix.com/sundaydinners