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Perry Still Seeking
a Little Respect
Mass Valentine's wedding
on Mandela prison island
ROBBEN ISLAND, South Africa The former
South African penal colony where Nelson Mandela
was imprisoned for 17 years Saturday held an annu-
al mass Valentines's Day wedding ceremony.
Organizers of the event said 16 couples from around the world tied the
knot in the historic Robben Island chapel.
"One couple came from England, others were from the continent and
around the country," said spokeswoman, Shalo Mbatha.
Over 150 couples have been married in the island's chapel since 2000,
according to the organizers.
Robben Island, around eight miles south of Cape Town, became a
major tourist attraction after the end of apartheid in 1994.
In 1999, the island was declared a World Heritage Site by the United
Southern University Marching
Band temporarily disbanded
BATON ROUGE The Southern University marching band, one of the
nation's premier college marching bands, has been temporarily disband-
ed as the East Baton Rouge district attorney investigates a hazing inci-
dent that led to several band members being hospitalized over the Bayou
Classic weekend and arrests of seven band members in alleged hazing
violations last fall.
East Baton Rouge Parish District Attorney Hillar Moore said that he is
moving forward with prosecution of seven Southern University band
members arrested for hazing late last year.
.Southern University Chancellor Kofi Lomotey said last week that the
marching band has been temporarily "disbanded" for the semfiester. With
the exception of an occasional parade, the SU Human Jukebox performs
less often during the spring semester because football season has ended.
According to police reports, the three victims were allegedly beaten with
a 2-by-4-inch wooden board as part of an unsanctioned hazing process.
Two of the three victims were hospitalized with injuries that could have
led to possible organ failure, authorities said.
Since being released from the hospital, the two band members have
returned to their homes as did five of the alleged perpetrators.
Gov. Crist Names Adora Obi Nweze
Special Advisor on Minority Affairs
TALLAHASSEE On the 100th anniversary of
the creation of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People (NAACP),
Governor Charlie Crist appointed Adora Obi Nweze
of Miami to serve as Special Advisor to the
Governor on Minority Affairs. Nweze will serve as
a representative for the state's minorities by advis-
ing Governor Crist on strategies that will ensure
Florida's government is accessible to these popula-
tions. She will continue as president of the Florida
State Conference of the NAACP. The Governor's appointment of Nweze
is believed to be the first state partnership with the NAACP through an
official appointment in the administration.
ordered to leave United States
FORT LAUDERDALE, Florida U.S. immigration authorities say
they've ordered 30,000 Haitians to leave the country. Haitian officials,
however, say they're not issuing the travel documents needed to process
Handfuls of deportees with valid passports have been returned to Haiti
since Dec. 5, following a three-month break in deportations, according to
the South Florida Sun Sentinel. But Haitian officials say the country
needs time to recover and can't handle the return of its citizens.
A spokeswoman for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement says
the lack of travel documents means some deportees are spending more
time in crowded detention centers. According to ICE, about 600 Haitians
are being detained and more than 240 others are under a form of house
arrest and being monitored with electronic ankle bracelets.
Ex-Detroit mayor gets job
but can't go to training
DETROIT Former Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick has a new job, but it
appears he's going to miss the first day of training.
His lawyers filed an emergency request last week seeking approval for
him to travel to Dallas for training. Wayne County Circuit Judge David
Groner said he'll hold a hearing more than a week later, on Feb. 24.
Kilpatrick is on probation after serving 99 days in jail for obstruction of
justice and assault stemming from a text-messaging sex scandal with a
top aide. It ended in Kilpatrick's arrest and plea.
Kilpatrick, who was freed Feb. 3, needs to pay off$1 million in restitu-
tion to the city of Detroit. He had been hired by Covisint, a subsidiary of
Detroit-based software company Compuware Corp.
His lawyers said as soon as their client learned of the training they
urged the judge to allow him to travel for the orientation and training.
The judge previously allowed the former mayor to travel to Texas for
a job interview.
Sk LORI LA' b k-IR b 1 OA 1 Q L ALI 1I Y B LACK %, N-:KLY5Cen
Volume 23 No. 21 Jacksonville, Florida February 19-25, 2009
Passage of Stimulus Package Hailed as First Obama Victory
Now that President Barack
Obama has succeeded his first
major political hurdle from the
White House, the passage of the
$787 billion economic stimulus
bill, the success is being met with
strong applause from the
Congressional Black Caucus.
"This package will help business-
Atty Ava Parker
JTA Board Chair
Authority board member Ava L.
Parker assumed the role as
Chairman of the Authority at its
January 2009 meeting. Parker,
appointed by Mayor John Peyton,
brings years of government experi-
ence to the Authority through both
the Public Service Commission and
the Florida Department of
"I am thrilled to be leading this
board at this time. The challenges
in front of us are large, but not
insurmountable," she said.
JTA's new Chairwoman will be
replacing Cleve Warren in the posi-
tion. The Jacksonville
Transportation Authority in charge
of .public transportation and much
of the city's road system is one of
the largest transit systems in the
es create jobs and families afford
their bills while laying a foundation
for future economic growth in key
areas like health care, clean energy,
education and a 21st century infra-
structure," says U. S. Rep. Barbara
Lee (D-Calif.) chair of the
Congressional Black Caucus.
The extensive bill passed the
Senate Friday night 60-38 only
hours after passing the House 246-
183 with clear party lines.
Though Obama appeared to try
hard to win a bi-partisan agreement,
the result is clearly a defeat for past
"The disastrous economic policies
of the previous administration -
including irresponsible tax cuts for
the wealthy and the war in Iraq and
deregulation of the financial indus-
try have left our nation in sham-
bles," Lee says in a statement.
"Millions of people are living in
poverty, without health insurance,
and unemployment is through the
Continued on page 9
First Coast Students Partake in Steve Harvey's Dreams
Shown above is Steve Harvey talking to his Dreamer's Class of 2009, in the inset are the two participants
from Jacksonville selected out of 4000 applicants, John Ray III and Dallas Glenn.
Walt Disney World Resort and nationally syndicated radio personality Steve Harvey presented the 2009 gradu-
ating class of Disney's Dreamers Academy 100 high school students from across America who took part in an
innovative career program at Disney over a three day weekend. Commencement exercises at Epcot culminated
three days of interactive workshops, motivational talks and hands-on creative experiences. See page 9
Mr. and Mrs. Warren Muir
Warren Muir and Alice "Dee Dee" Boston were married last weekend at
Bethel Baptist Institutional Church. Warren is a Minister in Training and
works at "High Profile" Beauty & Barber Salon and Alice sings in the
choir and is employed at Community In Schools. Services were officiat-
ed by Rev. Rudolph McKissick, Jr.R. Silver photo
Mr. and Mrs. Talmadge Taylor
Talmadge "Tab" Bernard Taylor and Picola Janae Tenney "Cola" were
married on Velentine's Day part of the Paxon Revival Valentine Multi-
Wedding Celebration. There were 37 couples joined in matrimony and 10
couples renewing their vows. Talmadge works for Capitol T's and Picola
is employed by Wachovia. They chose black and cream as their wedding
colors to remember their special day. R Silver photo
February 19-25, 2009
rage 2 ivis. Ferry 's trcc i G-
B m The Look of Success: Good Grooming E!1 Ell E rtY E T TE
Your visual "package" is as
important in the initial stages of
networking as all of that informa-
tion and talent wrapped up inside.
John Molloy, author of Dress for Success, writes that
90 percent of how you present yourself is visual.
Your appearance and demeanor communicate who
you are, your level of self-assurance, and your abili-
ty to interact.
Your ability to present yourself as a professional
determines whether or not people are drawn to you
or compelled to flee. Have you ever noticed how a
gathering gravitates away from those who are obvi-
ously out-of-place, while it tends to move toward
and surround those who shine?
There is nothing wrong with asserting your own
unique fashion sense, as long as you don't mind
being the topic of conversation rather than the leader
of it. A tip that I've heard often is that you should
dress for the position that you one day hope to attain.
That is pretty much what I began doing when I was
still a janitor but wanted to be an executive. Sure, my
briefcase contained nothing more than The New
York Times, my dictionary, and a cheese sandwich,
but they didn't know that on the subway.
However, more than grooming and clothing goes
into your personal presentation:
- Your manners Your posture -Your eye contact
They all come into play. Networking events are out
of necessity quick hits--and smoking, drinking too
much, talking while you are eating, making sarcastic
comments, or displaying any other improper behav-
ior can leave a lasting bad impression.
Bottom Line: Relax and enjoy yourself at net-
working events. You'll never make a good impres-
sion if you are stressed out.
How Much Do I Nd W "to t ?
Be Prepared Disability Always Strikes Unexpectedly
By Jason Alderman
Studies have shown that
Americans of all ages are more
likely to become disabled in a
given year than to die, and nearly
a third are likely to suffer a serious
disability between 35 and 65.
People often buy life insurance to
protect their families, but it usually
only pays a benefit upon death.
Workers' compensation pays bene-
fits only if your disability is job-
related. And Social Security covers
severely disabled people, but quali-
fying is difficult and the benefits
paid are relatively small.
Bottom line: Should you become
seriously disabled and unable to
- -- ~- ~. ..~
* ~ -
, you could easily wipe out any of these benefits.
savings particularly if you Even if your employer provides
have a spouse or partner to LTD, consider purchasing addition-
ort you. Before you actually al coverage, since employer-pro-
it, investigate what sorts of vided plans usually replace only 40
lility coverage you already to 65 percent of pay and it's consid-
and what other options you ered taxable income. But be pre-
available, pared: LTD insurance can be
ny companies offer sick leave expensive, depending on plan fea-
)r short-term disability cover- tures, your age, and whether you
o reimburse employees during have preexisting conditions.
periods of illness or injury. Ask if your employer's plan
c also provide long-term dis- allows you to buy supplemental
ty (LTD) insurance that coverage (their rates are likely
ces a percentage of pay for an cheaper) and check whether any
ided period of time. Check professional or trade organizations
your Human Resources you belong to offer group coverage.
-tment to see if you qualify for A few LTD considerations:
Policies that pay benefits only if
you can't perform duties of your
OWN occupation are usually more
w expensive than those that only pay
if you can't perform the duties of
-ANY job for which you are reason-
The longer the waiting period
before you're eligible for benefits,
the lower the premium cost.
Some policies only pay benefits
for two years, while others provide
S. lifelong benefits most cover some-
where in between. The shorter the
l term, the lower the cost.
" "7oprighte.id Material-
-.a" Syndicated Content
Available from Commercial News Providers"
Available from Commercial News Providers"
.7 -. .; .- .. .
-. *_ .. .
o = -
Need an Attorney?
Contact Law Office of
Reese Marshall, P.A.
214 East Ashley Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202
Over 30 years experience of professional
and courteous service to our clients
* J.ol U. P.
; ral : ', ', Act ; r'- -ts ",' to w iere
want. In .W decision enta, sales, or .. it is
J ,. the law to consider race, color, nationMal t. r sex,
;;. 's' or -a.: status. i '. think .-o've been denied .
please calI us. Fair Housing. It's not an option. It's the law.
1D--- I A4. V."r9w lPlragx Prpee
February 19-25, 2009 Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 3
Amtrack Honors Pullman Porters
OAKLAND In an era when
America traveled by train, one of
the best jobs an African-American
man could land was working as a
Pullman' porter. It also was one of
The hours were grueling-16
hours a day, seven days a week. The
pay was poor and the work menial
Pullman Porter Museum in
Chicago. Randolph was a New
York pamphleteer and civil rights
leader who organized the porters'
"They are a very interesting piece
of history that has been mostly for-
gotten," she said. "And my hope is
that what we're doing introduces
"They all say the same thing," she
said. "'We didn't think we were
doing anything special.'"
James Smith started working on
the train in 1943. "I'm one of the
babies here," he said, "I'm only 83."
The retired Simi Valley engineer
recalled serving Negro League
ballplayers, heavyweight boxing
champion Jack Dempsey and
Thomas Henry Gray, 71, remem-
bered working summers on the train
as a college student before becom-
ing an engineer for Boeing Co. in
Seattle. He recalled waving to his
father, also a Pullman porter, and
grandfather, a brakeman, as their
trains passed one another across the
Northwest and Southwest.
Retired train porters (r-1) Troy Walker, 90, James Smith, 83, Thomas
H. Gray, 71, Lee Gibson, 98, and Samuel Coleman, 80, (obscured)
were honored at the Amtrak station in Oakland, Calif. Tuesday morn-
ing Feb. 10, 2009 in a ceremony celebrating the work of the Pullman
Porters. Pullman Porters were African American men who worked the
sleeping cars and dining cars in rail's heyday. The work was hard and
they were segregated from white workers for many years. The coun-
try's first black labor union, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters,
was formed by the porters who worked those sleeping and dining cars.
at best. Porters cleaned toilets,
made beds and satisfied the whims
of passengers who sometimes
called them "boy" or worse.
Still, Pullman porters saw the
country, met famous people and
On Tuesday, Amtrak honored the
legacy of Pullman porters, who
formed the first black labor union in
the country in 1925.
"It was a wonderful life," recalled
98-year-old Lee Gibson, who trav-
eled from Los Angeles to join four
other members of The Brotherhood
of Sleeping Car Porters. The group
bashfully accepted awards at the
Oakland Amtrak station, thanked
their proud families and shared
Similar gatherings were held in
Chicago and Washington last year.
The porters were named for the
sleeping-car trains invented by
Chicago industrialist George
Pullman. The first Pullman porters,
hired after the Civil War, were for-
Their ranks swelled until they
reached 20,000 in the early part of
the 20th century, making them the
largest group of African-American
men employed in the country.
The Pullman porter faded into
history in the 1970s.
"They stopped using 'porter'
when Amtrak took over the trains in
1971," said Troy Walker,
90, of Seattle. "The white people
they hired didn't want to be called
'porter' and they didn't want to wear
Standard uniform was a starched
white jacket, black tie and visor
cap. Walker fondly recalled don-
ning the uniform and serving what
he called the finest meals on some
of the finest trains in the world dur-
ing his 30 years on the Pullmans.
The oldest living porter is 107,
the youngest 70, said Lyn Hughes,
founder of the A. Philip Randolph
this history to other generations and .; .
makes them understand the signifi- I$ l .
chance of what these men did." The life of the porter, often
Hughes created a National referred to as "George" despite
Historic Registry of Pullman their name, was responsible for
Porters in 2000 and was able to the whims and needs of the
track down 7,000 former porters. passengers.
Motivational speaker Lisa Nichols with Tiffany Ingram of Jacksonville
Hundreds of Women Attend Black
Enterprise's Women of Power Summit
Black Enterprise Magazine held its annual Women of Power retreat at
the Ritz Carlton hotel February 12 14 in Orlando Florida. The event was
a power networking event fueled to motivate and inspire women of power.
Speakers included Tracy Edmonds, President and COO, Our Stories Films,
discussing "Second Acts and New Beginnings: How to Successfully
Negotiate Major Career Shifts" among other well known female leaders.
Lisa Nichols motivational speaker and life coach, was also a highly inspi-
rational keynote speaker with advice in her workshop entitled, "Living
Your Potential." The conference ended with dinner and a concert with the
amazing group En Vogue.
For Good Earth-Watch Your Mailbox.
Project New Ground will soon begin to clean
up ash deposited in several locations at or
near incinerator sites.
If you live in the Project New Ground area, watch
your mailbox for important information about your
property and the cleanup.
P RO J E C T
For more information, call 630-CITY
or visit www.ProjectNewGround.org
Shown above L-R: Melba Furlow-Herrington, Catherine Kamara and Ronald Howell with Albertha
Akins sitting in the middle.
Free Tax Help Educating and Benefitting Consumers
Last year, Albertha Akins of
Springfield asked her brother to do
her taxes. "He was trying to help,
but I think he owes me some
money," she joked, sporting a huge
grin as RealSense volunteer
Catherine Kamara informed her
about the money she'd get back this
year through her Earned Income
A bus assistant with First Student
Transportation, Akins works with
special needs school children for
two hours in the morning and two
hours in the afternoon. "These chil-
dren are close to my heart," said
Akins. "I want them to see God's
love through me." And, just as she
surrounds her bus children with
help and assurance day after day,
Akins does the same at home for
her mentally ill adult daughter.
"My daughter was productive and
on her own in Kansas City before
she was diagnosed with schizophre-
nia last year," said Akins. "But
when she came to live with me, she
brought only the clothes on her
back. It's been a real struggle car-
ing for her and trying to get her the
help she needs."
But it was Akins who got help last
week at the Robert F. Kennedy
Center when she took advantage of
the free tax service offered by the
RealSense Prosperity Campaign. In
addition to getting her taxes done
free by Kamara, Akins had the
opportunity to meet with Northeast
Florida Community Action Agency
Program Coordinator Ronald
Howell and Asset Enhancement &
Utilization Specialist Melba
Furlow-Herrington. "They told me
about the IDA matched savings pro-
gram (individual development
account) and financial literacy
classes," she said. "This agency
helps a lot of people. It's a very
For more information about free
tax preparation or any of the other
RealSense Prosperity Campaign
programs and services, call United
Way 2-1-1 by dialing 2-1-1 or 1-
Blacks in Wax on Display in Yulee
In recognition of Black History Month, the youth of Solid Rock Church
of God by Faith in Yulee, Florida will present selected figures from the
National Great Blacks in Wax Museum located in Baltimore, Maryland.
The famous museum's founder, Mrs. Joanne Mitchell Martin a Yulee
native is bringing an impressive traveling exhibit of wax figures to her
home town. Famous Blacks in Wax pieces will be on display at the Martin
Luther King Center, (904-277-7355), 1200 Elm Street in Fernandina
Beach, Florida 32034. Dates and time are Thursday and Friday, February
26 and 27 from 9:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. and Saturday, February 28 from 9:00
a.m. until 5:00 p.m. Admission: Adults $5.00, students ages 4-18 with
valid Student ID, $3.00 and children ages 3 and under admitted free.
Public Meeting Notice
JTA is conducting the BRT North Corridor study to evaluate
options for bus rapid transit north of downtown Jacksonville.The
study area extends north of downtown Jacksonville along Boulevard
Street to the Gateway Mall, continuing north along Norwood
Avenue/Lem Turner Road, ending south of Armsdale Road (near 1-295).
The purpose of this meeting is to provide project updates and seek
public comments about the north corridor study project features,
station alternatives and potential impacts.
Monday, March 9 from 5 to 7 p.m.
Gateway Shopping Center
5258-12 Norwood Avenue
Jacksonville, FL 32208
The meeting will be conducted as an open house. There will be a
continuous loop slide show and other study materials available for
review. Citizens are invited to view the study materials, discuss the
project with staff and provide comments.
Comments can be submitted at the meeting or mailed to
Mrs.Winova Hart-Mayer, Jacksonville Transportation Authority,
100 North Myrtle Avenue Jacksonville Fl 32204
or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Anyone requiring special accommodations should contact
Winova Hart-Mayer at (904) 630-3185 or email email@example.com
no later than seven days prior to the meeting. Public participation
is solicited without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national
origin, disability, or familial status.
A &L Jacksonville Transportation Authority
L/IVA NRegional Transportation Solutions
100 North Myrtle Avenue, Jacksonville Florida 32204
Telephone: (904) 630-3185 Fax: (904) 630-3166 www.jtafla.com
Part of your day. Part of your community. Part of your life. 24479
February 19-25, 2009
Pnoap Ms Perrvy's Free Press
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
created the "New Deal" economic
stimulus program to help America
get pass The Great Depression.
From 1933 to 1939, he implement-
ed new federal initiatives aimed at
creating jobs, helping the unem-
ployed, reforming business and
Sounds familiar doesn't it?
He once said, "The test of our
progress is not whether we add to
the abundance of those who have
much. It is whether we provide
enough to those who have little."
With the spirit of the New Deal
and a sense of urgency to help all
Americans, President Obama
embarked on a mission to pass his
2009 Stimulus Package. This plan
has a little something for everyone
regardless of your socio-economic
Whether you're a college student
looking for help with tuition, a
recently unemployed worker or
even a general contractor looking
for work the President's stimulus
bill attempts to help all Americans
And that's what true leadership is
about. Instead of testing the waters
sometimes you have to dive in and
deal with the conditions head on.
Someone once said, "George
Washington is the only president
who didn't blame the previous
administration for his troubles."
Obama can certainly point the fin-
ger at the Bush administration and
a vast majority of Americans will
agree with him, however that does-
What the Economic Stimulus Package
Means or Doesn't Mean to You
n't get us out of this recession.
So how will this new stimulus
plan help you?
The goal of an economic stimulus
package at its basic level is to give
money to individuals, who will
then go out and spend the money,
which "stimulates" the economy.
Typically, these stimulus plans
don't mean that every American in
need will get a check in the mail.
Maybe that's how some New Deal
initiatives worked, but modem day
stimulus includes tax rebates,
which factor in your total econom-
Although this is President
Obama's first major piece of legis-
lation and policy, this is actually
the third round of stimulus in less
than twelve months. This fact
alone is a true testament of the state
of the economy desperate times
call for desperate measures.
The first effort to recharge the
economy was around one year ago
with the Economic Stimulus Act of
2008, and was about $150 billion.
The most famous or now infa-
mous stimulus was the second
effort sponsored by the Bush
Administration. The Emergency
Economic Stabilization Act of 2008
provided $700 billion in funding
for the TARP to deal with the prob-
lems in the financial sector and
another roughly $100 billion in tax
Fast forward to today and we
have a very broad financial recov-
ery bill with some very bold goals,
but what else would you expect
from President Obama?
The stimulus plan is designed to
create or save between 3 and 4 mil-
lion jobs. I cannot begin to stress
the importance of job creation and
the ability to save jobs. The nation-
al unemployment rate is at 7.6 per-
cent, however the unemployment
rate amongst African Americans is
12.6 percent according to the
Bureau of Labor Statistics.
So it's clear that all Americans
need help, but blacks continue to
lead the nation in unemployment
rate and other key socio-economic
So what's exactly in the stimulus
plan and how will it help you?
President Obama's stimulus plan
calls for investment in infrastruc-
ture, public works such as roads,
bridges, and tunnels. Because these
structures don't build/construct
themselves it's estimated that a mil-
lions of jobs will be created and
saved through these projects.
One key component of the stimu-
lus is a middle class tax cut, which
is designed so that workers would
have less money taken from their
check each month for taxes.
Of course with less money taken
out of your check the plan hopes
that those additional funds are
Obama the One Term President?
by E.O. Hutchinson
President Barack Obama had
barely finished uttering the oath of
office when the talk started that he
would be a one term president.
This political doomsday talk was
chalked up to a few bored
reporters looking for something
contrarian to say about Obama,
the deluded hopes of hard bitten,
spoil sport conservatives for a failed Obama presiden-
cy, and a few naysayers among economists who
repeatedly warned that economic collapse would do
in a young, inexperienced president. The first two rea-
sons to think Obama would get a quick boot can be
easily shrugged off.
Tying Obama's White House fate to public jitters
over a hemorrhaging economy can't be so easily
brushed aside. Obama pretty much said as much in an
interview on NBC's Today Show two weeks after he
was sworn in that if he didn't deliver he'd be "a one
term proposition." This may not be a totally accurate
prediction since in four years a foreign blow up, ter-
rorist attack, cataclysmic natural disaster, a squab-
bling, headless, and discredited GOP and any of a
number of other unforeseen things could make him
shine. Any of them could just as easily be his ticket
back to the White House. Still, the rise or fall of the
economy is the only thing for now that anyone seems
to think matters.
Obama has smartly hedged his bets on judging his
presidency on the speed of an economic turnaround
by repeatedly damping down expectations that eco-
nomic recovery is just around the bend, and that he
can wave a magic wand and make the economic pain
instantly disappear. Obama's pleadings, warnings, and
cautionary notes are his back door admission that
Americans want and demand that he do something,
and do it now to reverse the economic slide, and that
there's little margin for error, and none for failure, if
Recent presidential history amply shows that the
public is brutally unforgiving when the man in the
White House doesn't immediately turn things around.
In a look at how six of eight presidents fared since
1948 when the economy hit the skids or appeared to
skid, the scorecard for presidents winning and losing
because of economic woes is a draw. Three were
beaten and three beat back their challengers. It came
down to whether voters really perceived that their
economic plight, or rather pain, would show no sign
of a cure if they kept the incumbent in office. But
even more important presidents had to do one crucial
thing in the face of rising unemployment, recession,
inflation, and public grumbles if they wanted to stay
on the job. They had to assure a majority of voters
that things would and could get better for the voters if
they stayed in the White House and that any likely
opponent couldn't do any better.
Presidents also had to have a lot of luck. W. Bush
had that in 2004. He won reelection in part because
memories were still fresh of the 9/11 terror attack.
Bush adroitly played the terror card and convinced
enough voters that he could beat back any new terror-
ist threat. But hard times, plant closures, farm foreclo-
sures, and high unemployment even then had gripped
big sections of the Midwest and as Democrats glee-
fully noted, growth was much slower during Bush's
first term than during Clinton's second term.
Yet Bush also won in big part because overall unem-
ployment and economic growth had slightly improved
in the run up to the 2004 election. Bush used this to
spin the news, even bad economic news, into a gain.
He solemnly pledged there would be more economic
improvement for voters if he was reelected. That did-
n't work for Republican rival John McCain in the
make or break wind down months to the 2008 cam-
paign. The financial plunge in September virtually
sealed his loss.
Obama relentlessly painted a stark, grim and scary
picture for workers and the middle class that the crash
was Bush's doing and by extension McCain's doing.
He masterfully sold the idea that things would only
get worse if McCain was elected. He directly linked
the perceived failure of Bush to right the nation's eco-
nomic ship to McCain. And that McCain's policies
would result in still bigger deficits, the prospect of
even greater inflation and a more intense recession.
Obama made voters believe that Republican econom-
ic policy would not promote recovery and economic
security but increase economic pain for millions of
wage earners; put bluntly economic collapse.
Obama has literally bet the bank that that the eco-
nomic stimulus will turn the economic tide. Packs of
Republicans and not a few economists warn that it
won't. A few such as Rush Limbaugh even hope that
Continued on page 9
spent in the stores, which should
"stimulate" the economy.
Even those who are self-employed
can adjust their quarterly estimated
tax payments. For those taxpayers
who do not receive the full amount
this year, they will receive the
remaining as a credit on next year's
According the Congressional
Budget Office, "Social Security
and SSI recipients, retired and dis-
abled veterans, and railroad retirees
will get a one-time payment of
$250." The Social Security
Administration and Veterans
Administration will provide the
information about who qualifies for
this payment; so eligible individu-
als won't have to do anything.
Individuals on a federal or state
retirement program who don't
receive Social Security benefits can
claim a $250 credit when they file
their 2009 tax returns as well.
For those of us who are unem-
ployed and receiving unemploy-
ment benefits most will receive a
$25 weekly boost to their unem-
ployment check. The plan also
added an important wrinkle the
first $2,400 in benefits will be
exempt from federal tax in 2009.
One of the most stressful aspects
of unemployment is not having
The plans allows eligible unem-
ployed workers paying for
COBRA, which is temporary or
bridge insurance to receive a 65
percent federal subsidy for their
monthly insurance premiums.
We have been hearing for months
now of how the auto industry is on
its heals, well one component of
the plan allows taxpayers to deduct
the state and local sales and excise
taxes paid on the purchase of new
cars, light trucks, recreational vehi-
cles and motorcycles.
And of course Obama will be the
first "green" President, the plan
also provides a tax credit of up to
$7,500 for families who purchase
plug-in hybrid vehicles.
There are certainly other key com-
ponents of the President's stimulus
package that I didn't get to, but I
think that you get the point. It's a
bold initiative for a desperate time.
Signing off from my CPA's
Office, Reggie Fullwood
t, Putting Ebony in
SIts Proper Place
A Black American icon, the Chicago-based
Johnson Publishing Company (JPC) is struggling to
survive in the modem media landscape. Editorial
reorganizations are occurring at Ebony and JET magazines. The question is:
Will the changes have any impact among African Americans and their mod-
Sacred as it is among aging African Americans, JPC's flagship Ebony
Magazine's circulation numbers are anemic and advertising revenue has
fallen. The Company's Chair and CEO says that "I am deeply committed to
maintaining our presence and long-standing legacy in the African-American
community". Linda Johnson Rice says the changes are to ensure the 67-
year-old company's success in the tumultuous publishing industry.
The company Rice's dad started in 1945 is the world's largest African-
American-owned and-operated publishing company. When Rice took over
as Chair and CEO in 2003, the company had businesses in cosmetics, radio
broadcast, television production and fashion targeted to an African American
consumer audience. JPC's Ebony and Jet are household names across Black
America and among the company's premier brands, along with the Fashion
Fair Cosmetics line.
When 27-year-old businessman John H. Johnson launched Ebony
Magazine' Black GIs who had helped "make the world safe for democracy"
were returning to civilian life and ready to challenge racial discrimination at
home. Johnson founded Ebony "to project another dimension of the Black
personality to the world. We wanted to give Blacks a new sense of some-
bodiness and sense of self-respect. We wanted to tell them who they were
and what they could do." That strategy took Ebony to the top among African
American audiences for 60 consecutive years and made the Johnsons Black
America's richest family.
Over the years, Ebony always addressed African-American issues, per-
sonalities, and interests in positive and self-affirming ways. Ebony cover
pages graced coffee tables of Black households from coast-to-coast. A clas-
sic is the August 2008 Ebony special 8-cover edition that featured the "25
Coolest Brothers of All Time". That line up included Jay-Z, Obama, Prince,
Samuel L. Jackson, Denzel Washington, Marvin Gaye, Muhammad Ali and
Billy Dee Williams.
The Ebony Fashion Fair was started in 1956 to support worthy causes
among African American organizations. Over 4,000 Fashion Fair events
have been sponsored by nearly 200 non-profit civic groups, sororities and
fraternities. The JPC has been at the forefront highlighting Black achieve-
ments. Ebony hosted an "Ebony Presents Hollywood in Harlem." Oscar
party and started the Pathfinder Awards to honor John H. Johnson, with the
awards being presented during halftime at the Super Bowl.
Contemporary 30-something Black Americans may not grasp the symbol-
ism of Ebony. John H. Johnson (1918 2005) was a teenager when his fam-
ily moved from Arkansas City to Chicago in 1933. After working for
Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Co., the 24-year-old Johnson began to pub-
lish Negro Digest as a weekly publication using a format similar to that of
Reader's Digest. It became Ebony in 1945. By the 1950s the large-format
glossy magazine's circulation had climbed to 500,000. It reached one mil-
lion in the 1970s. Jet, was introduced in 1951 and Ebony's Fashion Fair
became a traveling show in 1958 and raised $48 million for scholarships and
charities. In the 1970s Johnson Publishing moved into the cosmetics busi-
ness and was ranked as the nation's second-largest African American-owned
company. In the 1990s .JPC had added more cosmetic lines, radio and tele-
vision production, greeting cards and a book division publishing African
American authors to the business and employed 2,600 people.
JPC is "reorganizing" because Ebony's revenues are down 18.8 percent
and JET is down 40.9 percent. Now more than ever, JPC products and pub-
lications deserve more support among contemporary African Americans.
JPC deserves to get its mojo back. Ebony is unique in its primary purpose
of promoting the welfare of the Black race. In spite of post-racial attitudes
among African Americans under 40, Ebony is still relevant. It's a good read
toward knowing what is going on in America concerning Blacks and their
welfare. Instead of seeking identities in mainstream media Blacks should be
renewing subscriptions and displaying Ebony, JET and local black newspa-
per publications like days of old.
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EghuuiL 1^ ll* Ms Perry' Free^ Pres Pae
AFtSL tar 1-25.200
4 ~ 2;
A time to honor the past
and celebrate the future.
During Black History Month and throughout the year, Winn-Dixie is proud to celebrate the achievements of African
Americans in our nation and throughout our communities. It's a time to reflect on how far we've come and look forward to
a bright future. It's also the perfect time to gather with family and friends to embrace our shared culture and traditions. From
our family to yours, may your heritage bring you pride and joy not only during Black History Month, but each and every day
Getting better all the time.
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 5
-ar 6o s er' re rs erar 21,20
House of God Invites Community Central Metropolitan CME Presents
to Celebrate Sabbath Day
The House of God, located at 1916 Meharry Avenue, will host the Florida
State Meeting which is comprised of Sabbath Day churches throughout the
State of Florida. The presiding official will be the State Superintendent
Bishop James W. Paschal. The community is invited to come out and wor-
ship on Friday, February 20, 2009, beginning at 8:00 p.m. and Saturday,
February 21, 2009, beginning at 10:30 a.m.. For directions to the church or
to learn more about the significance of the Sabbath Day, call 764-4444.
Disciples of Christ Celebrate
Church and Pastor's Anniversaries
The Disciples of Christ Christian Fellowship Full Gospel Baptist Church,
invites the community to help celebrate the church and pastor's anniversary
on Feb, 26th and March 1st. On Thursday, February 26th at 7 p.m., spoken
word will be given by Dr. John Guns of St. Paul Missionary Baptist Church.
On Friday, February 27th at 7 p.m., acting Pastor Johnny Johnson of
Philadelphia Baptist Church will keynote the event. Services will culminate
on Sunday, March 1st at 4 p.m. with Overseer Pastor B. Williams of Greater
New Jerusalem Baptist Church Presiding.
The church is located at 2061 West Edgewood Ave., Robert Lecount,
Greater Grant A.M. E. Church Family
and Friends Weekend Feb. 21 & 22
Members of the Greater Grant A.M.E. Church invite the community to
participate in their Annual Family and Friends Weekend Celebration on
Saturday, February 21, 2009 and Sunday, February 22, 2009.
The festivities of activities will begin on Saturday, February 21, 2009 at
9:00 a.m. with a family fun day that will include a carnival for everyone.
There will be sack races, kite flying contest, hula hoop contests, bouncy
house, games, and of course food to enjoy.
On Sunday, February 22, 2009, beginning at 10:00, join in on the spirit
filled message of Bishop William DeVeaux, who presides over the 16th
Episcopal District of the A.M.E. Church.
Believers of Christ Temple Ministries
invites all Black History Program
Believers of Christ Temple Ministries, 5318 "C:" Street, Pastor M. L.
Drinks; invites :.he community to join them to a Black History Celebration
program that will be presented at 11:15 a.m. on Sunday, February 22nd, the
public is invited to all events and services at Believers of Christ Temple
54th Heritage Celebration
Central Metropolitan CME Church Board of Christian Education will
present their 54th Annual Heritage Celebration, "Standing on the Shoulders
of Our Ancestors". The free event is an evening recapturing the written
words of Jacksonville's Renaissance man, James Weldon Johnson, and
noted poet, Maya Angelou, along with America Negro Spirituals, Gospel
songs, and dance recapturing African American history.
It will be held on Sunday, February 22, 2009, 4:00 p.m. The church is locat-
ed at 4611 Pearl Street. For more information, call 354-7426. Clarence K.
Jacksonville Historical Black Coaches
Association invite all to meeting
The Historical Black Coaches, Athletes and Officials Association will
hold its' monthly meeting on Friday, February 27th at 9:30 a.m. in the
Hughes Restaurant located at 3118 Pearl Street. If you are a coach, an ath-
lete, or an official, you are invited to attend. For more information, contact
Bill Hines at 765-3728.
Dates set for Much Ado About Books
Much Ado About Books, a yearly book festival presented by the
Jacksonville Public Library, will take place on Friday, Feb. 27 and
Saturday, Feb. 28 at the Main Library in downtown Jacksonville. Most of
the event activities are free. However, there are three, ticketed events: a
brunch with David Baldacci on Friday, Feb. 27; the Ex Libris Gala: Journey
to Xi'an on Friday, Feb. 27; and Lunch with Adriana Trigiani on Sat., Feb.
28. For complete event and author information, visit www.muchadoabout-
Clothes and Food Give-A-Way
The Jacksonville Local Organizing Committee,for the Millions More
Movement Inc.,a non-profit organization will give away clothes to the
needy and underseved on Saturday, February 21st from 11:00 a.m. 5:00
p.m. The location is 916 N. Myrtle Avenue, between Kings Road and
Beaver Street. If you have any questions or just want to learn more about
the Millions More Movement visit our website www.jaxloc.com ,or call
NOTICE: Church news is published free of charge. Information must
be received in the Free Press offices no later than Monday, at 5 p.m. of
the week you want it to run. Information received prior to the event
date will be printed on a space available basis until the date. Fax e-mail
to 765-3803 or e-mail to JFreePress@aol.com.
Eighth Oldest Black U. S. Church
in Danger of Being Demolished
Historic Wesley United
Methodist Church, the sec-
American church in New
Orleans and the eighth-old-
est in the United States, is in
need of financial support .
and resources. The church is .
scheduled for demolition ."
due to extensive damage Churc
from recent hurricanes. damage
During the 1830s, slaves wasn't
built Wesley United and it I
Methodist Church brick by the flo
brick. Not only did they Grouni
work on the church every church
evening after working tirelessly in
the fields, but they also worked all
day on Sundays, which was their
only "day off." Slaves built the
church in order to accommodate
events that were held during their
free time. They used the bottom
level of the church for entertain-
ment, gatherings, and other meet-
ings, while the second floor consist-
ed of a sanctuary filled with hand
crafted pews. In 1951 the church
was deconstructed and moved to its
current location on Jackson Avenue
in New Orleans.
Members of Wesley United
Methodist Church eagerly partici-
nctuary at the Wesley United Methodist
i, which suffered heavy storm-related
e during Hurricane Katrina. Though it
flooded, its roof was badly damaged
ater incurred severe leakage that ruined
oors. The community group Common
d Relief is working to renovate the
, which was built by slaves in 1838.
pated in the reconstruction, but have
been worried about the decision of
the church's demolition due to the
lack of finances. One church mem-
ber stated, "My family and I have
been attending Wesley since I was a
little girl. It would absolutely kill
me to see all that history torn
The uptown New Orleans church
is an important part of U.S. history
and needs to be saved for future
generations, members say.
To make a donation to Wesley
United Methodist Church, call
(504) 906-0644 or go to
History Association Soliciting
Local Veterans' Memoirs
The Jacksonville Branch of the Association for the Study of African
American Life and History is soliciting memoirs from African American
veterans of all branches of the service, as well as, war industry workers,
USO and medical volunteers whose work supported our Armed Forces. To
participate, or for more information, call (904) 350-1623, leave the name of
the war in which you participated, your name, and phone number. A mem-
ber of the ASAALH will call you back.
Bethel Baptist Institutional Church
215 Bethel Baptist Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202 (904) 354-1464
Seeking the lost for Christ
Matthew 28:19 20
Pastor Landon Williams
8:00 A.M. Early Morning Worship
9:30 a.m. Sunday School
11:00 a.m. Morning Worship
Tuesday Evening 7 p.m. Prayer Service
Wednesday Bible Study 6:30 7 p.m.
Mid-Week Worship 7 p.m.
Radio Weekly Broadcast WCGL 1360 AM
Sunday 2 PM 3 PM
**FREE TUTORING FOR YOUTH IN ENGLISH, SCIENCE,
HISTORY AND MATH EVERY TUESDAY 6:30 8 P.M.
Sunday Morning Worship Midweek Services
7:40 a.m. and 10:45 a.m. Wednesday Noon Service
Church school "Miracle at Midday"
/ 9:30 a.m. 12 noon-1 p.m.
The Word from the Sons
and Daughters of Bethel Dinner and Bible Study
Pastor Rudolph 3rd Sunday 3:30 p.m. at 5:00 p.m. 6:30 p.m.
Senior Pastor Come share In Holy Communloi onIi 1st Sundif at 4:50 p.m.
WCGL 1360 AM Thursday 8:15 -8:45 a.m.
AM 1400 Thursday 7:00 8:00 p.m.
WTLV Channel 12 Sunday's at 6:30 a.m.
Grace and Peace I
5863 Moncrief Rd. Jacksonville, FL 32209 (904) 768-8800 FAX 764-3800
Pastor Ernie Murray
Join Us for One of Our Services
Early Worship 8:00 a.m.
Sunday School 9:15 a.m.
Morning Worship 10:45 a.m.
1st Sunday 3:45 p.m.
Lord's Supper & Baptism
3rd Sunday 7:00 p.m.
Bible Study 7:00 p.m.
Noon Day Worship
Youth Church 7:00 p.m.
TheChrc TatReahe U t.Gd ad uttoMa
*A Full Gospel Baptist Church *
Sunday School A church
9 a.m. A church
Morning Worship that's on the
Lord's Supper move in
3:00 p.m. worship with
Evening Worship -.
Every 3rd & 4th prayer, praise
4:00 p.m. and power
Pastor Robert Lecount, Jr
School of Ministry Tuesday at 7:00 p.m.
Thursday High Praise Worship 7:00 p.m.
2061 Edgewood Avenue West, Jacksonville, Florida 32208
(904) 765-5683 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org
February 12-18, 2009
PaLie 6 Ms. Perry's Free Press
: History of African-
AfriCW age (300-1619)
Back.i n. Pa, most African men
were farmer's raisers and Fisherman.
Planting, sowing and harvesting crops were
considered women's work. Cooking was one
of the most important skills a young girl
needed to learn. One traditional dish called
fufu was made of pounded yams. Fufu was
served with soup, stew, roasted meat and
different sauces. During this time in history,
cooking was done over open pits. Africans
were very skilled in. roasting, frying, stew-
ing, boiling and steaming their foods. Their
native foods were yams, okra, watermelon,
cassava, groundnuts, black-eyed peas and
and Slavery 1619
In August, 1619, the first group of Af-
ricans landed in America at Jamestown, Vir-
ginia. These Africans were indentured ser-
vants. They gave up four to seven years of
labor just to pay for transportation to Amer-
ica. Southern plantations consisted of Afri-
cans from many different tribal nations.
These Africans made up the slave popula-
tion in southern America. Verbal exchanges
of recipes on these Southern plantations led
Am- to the development of an international Afri-
can cooking style in America. The slaves
enjoyed cooking pork, yams, sweet potatoes,
hominy, corn, ashcakes, cabbage, hoecakes,
collards and cowpeas. On these plantations,
cooking was done on an open fireplace with
large swing black pots and big skillets.
African American cooking techniques
and recipes were also influenced by Native
American Indians all across the United
States. When Africans were first brought to
America in 1619, they lived on farms. In
many areas, local Indians taught them how
to hunt and cook with native plants. Indian
cooking techniques were later introduced
into the southern society by black American
cooks. Dishes such as corn pudding, succo-
tash, pumpkin pie, Brunswick Stew and
hominy grits are a few examples of Native
American dishes found in African American
American Revolution 1776
Between 1773 and 1785 thousands of
Africans were brought to America. They
were brought ashore in Virginia, Georgia
and the Carolinas (Sea Island). In America,
slaves were cooks, servants and gardeners.
They worked in the colonial kitchens and on
the plantations as field hands. At the Big
House, slaves cooked such foods as greens,
succotash, corn pudding, spoon bread, corn
pone and crab cakes. These foods were
cooked on an open pit or fireplace. On the
plantation, breakfast was an important and
an early meal. Hoecakes and molasses were
eaten as the slaves worked from sunup to
Both the northern and the southern armies
hired black Americans as cooks. Most of the
cooking throughout the South was done by
black cooks. Slaves created their own reci-
pes and made the best of hard times and
scarce supplies. Cajun and Creole cooking
developed during this period. These foods
included jambalaya, bread pudding, dirty
rice, gumbo and red beans and rice. Cooking
was done on a great big old fireplace with
Both the northern and the southern armies hired black Americans as cooks. Many
Black Americans thought they were joining the war as enlisted man but just entered
into another form of servitude,
swing pots and skillets with legs.
Post Reconstruction Westward
At the end of the Civil War, black
Americans began to move westward. They
migrated to Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma
and Texas. Black Americans became cow-
boys and cooks on the cattle drives. Many
black Americans were also pioneers and as
farmers they survived off the land. They
adapted their cooking habits and formed
new ones when necessary. It was a great
GREAT TRADITIONAL RECIPES
Fried Okra- 8 pods okra, 1 cup yellow cornmeal. I tablespoon and cook until the yams are soft
flour. I teaspoon salt. '- teaspoon pepper. % vegetable oil. Slice (maybe half an hour). Remove pot
okra into '.*4 inch slices. Wash okra in cold water. Mix cornmeal, from heat and cool vams with run-
flour, salt and pepper together. Roll okra in cornmeal mix. Fry. in '. --. ning after Drain. Remove peels
hot skillet for 10 minutes until golden brown. Drain on paper towel. ~ from yams. Add butter. Put yams in
(Serves 6) -1 a bowl (or back in the empty pot)
Fufu I large yam, I egg, 5 teaspoons evaporated milk. I small -_ and mash with a potato masher, then
onion grated, 3 tablespoons butter or margarine, pinch of garlic beat and stir with a wooden spoon until-completely smooth. This
salt Peel and cut yam into small pieces. Boil pieces until tender in might take two people: one to hold the bowl and the other to stir.
,'2 cup water for 20 minutes. Drain off the water and mash until Shape the fufu into balls and serve immediately with meat stew or
smooth. Add the egg, milk, onion and garlic salt. Beat and roll into any dish with a sauce or gravy. To eat it, tear off a small handful
2 inch balls. If the mixture is too wet, add a little flour. Fry in butter with your fingers and use it to scoop up your meat and sauce.
or margarine until brown. (Serves 2-3) Cajun Dirty Rice
Hominy Grits- I cup grits, I teaspoon salt, 4 cups of water, 3 Yield: 8 Servings
'tablespoons butter or margarine. Bring water to a boil. Add salt. I lb Chicken Gizzards finely chopped, 1 lb 'Chicken Livers --
Slowly stir in grits. Stir constantly to prevent lumping. Reduce heat finely chopped, '4 cup squeeze margarine. I 1/2 c Onion -- finely
arid cover for 10 minutes. Serve hot with butter. (Serves 4) chopped, 1/2 c Celery. -- finely chopped, 1/4 c Green Pepper .-
r- Fufu Fufu (Foo-foo, Foufou, Foulou, fifu) is to Western and chopped, 2 Garlic Cloves minced, 2 tsp. Salt, I tsp. pepper, 118
sC'entral Africa cooking what mashed potatoes are to traditional tsp ground red pepper, 3 cups freshly cooked rice, 1/2 cup chopped
,.Etropean-American cooking. parsley. : -
['2 4 lbs. pounds of yams (use large, white or yellow'yams;-not Brown meat in margarine in large -skillet Add onion,, celery,
sweet potatoes, not "Louisiana yams"); or equal parts yams and green pepper, garlic arid seasonings, mix well..Cover. Cook, stir-
inin bananas and tsp. butter (.optional). -. ;.:- -ng occasionally, over medium heat until. vegetables are tender.
[:. e yams in largepot andce6i ''ib th dA .atfer Briigo.tba Addri eemid..parsley, mix.1ightly.. See iinimediate .
challenge to create good food with primitive
tools and very limited ingredients. They
cooked such foods as: biscuits, stew, baked
beans and barbecued meat.
The Great Migration 1900-1945
During this period, a large number of
black Americans worked as cooks in private
homes, shops restaurants, schools, hotels
and colleges. Many moved to such large
cities as Chicago, New York, Ohio, Detroit
and Pennsylvania to work. Black cooks,
chefs and waiters also worked in Pullman
cars of the old railroads and on the steam-
boats. Many black Americans also started
small businesses such as fish markets, barbe-
que and soul food restaurants throughout the
United States. These establishments special-
ized in fried fish, homemade rolls, potato
salad, turkey and dressing, fried pork chops,
rice and gravy and southern fried chicken.
Cooking was done on wood burning and gas
Civil Rights Movement
In the early 60s and 70s, soul food, the
traditional food of black Americans, was
very popular. Soul foods were candied
yams, okra, fried chicken, pig's feet,
chitlin's, cornbread, collard greens with ham
hocks and black-eyed peas. Today in the
90s, soul food preparation has changed.
Black Americans are becoming increasingly
health conscious, thus, they are avoiding
foods with high levels of fat and cholesterol,
and increasing their intake of fruit, vegeta-
bles and fiber. Black Americans are still in
the kitchen cooking, but now they are own-
ers and managers of restaurants. Today is
cooking is done on electric, gas and micro-
Sie ,. it
. ,. ., ,- w,
. ", -* --' "
. ,- .- S.,. .
_- .. r /- .:, .. ,, ,"
." l n.::" Uge 4
-A action : Levelingt ePeay. g:9
nejic# '- -
' '-.*r "
America Makes Legal Strides
Towards Leveling the Playing Field
HBCU's Have Paved the Way for Educating Black America
By James Anderson
There are more than 100 historically
Black colleges and universities in the United
States today. These institutions of higher
learning, whose principal mission is to edu-
cate African Americans, have evolved since
their beginning in 1837 when their primary
responsibility was to educate freed slaves to
read and write. At the dawn of the 21st cen-
tury, along with graduate and post-graduate
degrees, historically Black colleges and uni-
versities offer African American students a
place to earn a sense of identity, heritage and
Before the Civil War (1861-1865) the
majority of Blacks in the United States were
enslaved. Although a few free Blacks at-
tended primarily White colleges in the North
in the years before the war, such opportuni-
ties were very rare and nonexistent in the
slave states of the South. In response to the
Institute for Colored Youth Building
lack of opportunity, a few institutions of
secondary and higher education for Blacks
were organized in the antebellum years
Cheyney University in Pennsylvania,
founded in 1837 as the Institute for Colored
Youth, has the earliest founding date of an
HBCU, although for most of its early history
it offered only elementary and high school
ng land-grant colleges established by U.S.
Congress in the Morrill Act of 1862. These
and-grant institutions, coupled with a grow-
ng system of state colleges, marked the
mergence of a distinctive style of American
higher education: publicly supported institu-
ions of higher learning serving a broad
ange of students as well as the cultural,
economic, and political interests of various
ocal and state constituencies.
African American higher education took a
different path. From the Reconstruction era
through World War II (1939-1945) the ma-
ority of Black students were enrolled in
privatee colleges. Northern religious mission
societies were primarily responsible for es-
ablishing and maintaining the leading Black
colleges and universities. African American
religious philanthropy also established a
Given the virtual nonexistence of public
education for Blacks in the South, these in-
stitutions had to provide preparatory courses
at the elementary and high school levels for
their students. Often they did not offer col-
lege-level courses for years until their stu-
dents were prepared for them. Nonetheless,
the missionary aims of these early schools
reflected the ideals of classical liberal educa-
tion that dominated American higher educa-
tion in general in that period, with its em-
phasis on ancient languages, natural sci-
ences, and humanities. Blacks were trained
for literacy, but also for teaching and the
With the end of Reconstruction and the
return of White rule in the South, however,
opportunities for African American profes-
sionals became scarcer. Consequently many
Black and White leaders turned toward in-
dustrial training. The proponents of indus-
trial training, whose most public spokesman
was Booker T. Washington of the Tuskegee
Institute (now Tuskegee University) in Ala-
level instruction. The firs great expansion in ,
Black higher education came after the war,
however, during the widening opportunities "
of Reconstruction (1865-1877). I F !
The years between the Civil War and ......
World War I (1914-1918) were an era of V
tremendous growth for American colleges ...
and universities. Higher education spread|
primarily through institutions financed by 1-
public taxes, particularly the rapidly expand- -
bama, argued that African Americans should
concentrate on the more practical arts of
manual labor to better suit them for the work
that was available.
Meanwhile, Harvard-trained scholar W. E.
B. Du Bois was charting another path. Du
Bois paired the liberal and scientific ideals
of the missionaries with a conviction that
Black life and culture should be a primary
topic of Black thought and investigation. Du
Bois criticized Washington and his allies for
downplaying intellectual ambition and for
appeasing Southern White leaders. Du Bois's
criticisms gained influence in the following
decades, and by the end of World War I,
Black leaders had largely turned against
Washington's educational theories. The in-
creased militancy of Du Bois and others led
to student protests in the 1920s against the
S -. .ffi S -
White administrations at Fisk, Hampton, and
Howard. As a result of such protest, Morde-
cai Johnson was named the first Black presi-
dent of Howard in 1926.
During Jim Crow
Private missionary colleges figured so
heavily in the overall scheme of higher edu-
cation for African Americans because vari-
ous states virtually excluded Blacks from
publicly supported higher education. Of the
17 Southern states that mandated racially
segregated education during the Jim Crow
era, 14 simply refused to establish land-grant
colleges for African American students until
Congress required them to do so in the 1890.
But the institutions they established were
colleges in name only. Not one met the land-
grant requirement to teach agriculture, me-
chanical arts and liberal education on a col-
With the founding of the United Negro
College Fund (UNCF) in 1944, Black col-
leges and universities enlisted the support of
corporate philanthropy and the donations of
thousands of individuals. African Americans
also continued to press for equality in public
higher education their efforts encouraged by
the Supreme Court decision in Missouri ex
rel. Gaines v. Canada in 1938, which forced
Southern state governments to concede more
resources for the improvement of African
American higher education than at any time
since the Reconstruction era.
During the early 1950s, the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of Colored
People (NAACP) turned its efforts from
educational equality to school desegregation.
Its work culminated successfully in the
Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and Brown v.
Board of Education (1954) desegregation
decisions, although these decisions had little
direct effect on Black colleges.
This success in the courts sparked a new
optimism about the future of African Ameri-
can higher education. But during the last
four decades of the 20th century, that opti-
mism was tempered by the endurance of old
problems. Private colleges and universities
had not built up a solid financial base. At the
start of new millennium, raising money re-
mains the major challenge for a Black col-
lege president or chancellor. Private Black
colleges are struggling to keep their funding
sources viable and to fight off financial star-
vation in an increasingly competitive envi-
ronment. Public Black colleges are fighting
to obtain their fair share of state support, and
this struggle is greatly compromised by in-
action and resistance from state legislatures.
In 1992 the Supreme Court ruled in United
States v. Fordice that patterns of racial seg-
regation still remained in Mississippi's pub-
lic university system, nearly 40 years after
Brown v. Board of Education The slow
elimination of segregation has in general had
mixed blessings for Black colleges and uni-
versities, as integrated White institutions
have drawn Black students and support
away from the traditional Black schools. But
after stagnating enrollments in the 1970s and
1980s, the student population at HBCUs
rose 25 percent between 1986 and 1994, an
increase greater than the average for U.S.
colleges and universities.
ieu In its tumul-
President L ndon Johnson to racial
inequality. The policy was introduced in
1965 by President Johnson as a method
of redressing discrimination that had
persisted in spite of civil rights laws and
constitutional guarantees. "This is the
next and more profound stage of the bat-
tle for civil rights," Johnson asserted.
"We seek.., not just equality as a right
and a theory, but equality as a fact and as
A Temporary Measure to
Level the Playing Field
Focusing in particular on education
and jobs, affirmative action policies re-
quired that active measures be taken to
ensure that blacks and other minorities
enjoyed the same opportunities for pro-
motions, salary increases, career ad-
vancement, school admissions, scholar-
ships, and financial aid that had been the
nearly exclusive province of whites.
From the outset, affirmative action was
envisioned as a temporary remedy that
would end once there was a "level play-
ing field" for all Americans.
Bakke and Reverse
By the late '70s, however, flaws in the
policy began to show up amid its good
intentions. Reverse discrimination be-
came an issue, epitomized by the famous
Bakke Case in 1978. Allan Bakke, a
white male, had been rejected two years
in a row by a medical school that had
accepted less qualified minority appli-
cants-the school had a separate admis-
sions policy for minorities and reserved
16 out of 100 places for minority stu-
dents. The Supreme Court outlawed in-
flexible quota systems in affirmative
action programs, which in this case had
unfairly discriminated against a white
applicant. In the same ruling, however,
the Court upheld the legality of affirma-
tive action per se.
Game for Conservatives
Fueled by "angry white men," a back-
lash against affirmative action began to
mount. To conservatives, the system was
a zero-sum game that opened the door for
jobs, promotions, or education to minori-
ties while it shut the door on whites. In a
country that prized the values of self-
reliance and pulling oneself up by one's
bootstraps, conservatives resented the
idea that some unqualified minorities
were getting a free ride on the American
system. "Preferential treatment" and
"quotas" became expressions of con-
tempt. Even more contentious was the
accusation that some minorities enjoyed
playing the role of professional victim.
Why could some minorities who had also
experienced terrible adversity and ra-
cism-Jews and Asians, in particular-
manage to make the American way work
for them without government handouts?
"Justice and Freedom for All"
Still in Its Infancy
Liberals countered that "the land of
opportunity" was a very different place
for the European immigrants who landed
on its shores than it was for those who
arrived in the chains of slavery. As histo-
rian Roger Wilkins pointed out, "blacks
have a 375-year history on this continent:
245 involving slavery, 100 involving
legalized discrimination, and only 30
Affirmative action programs are governed by a num- drawal of federal funds or suits by private individuals.
ber of overlapping laws. A common principle is that Cases brought under Title VI, such as University of
whether for admissions or employment, affirmative California Board of Regents v. Bakke. 438 U.S. 265
action programs such as targeted recruitment and goals (1978), establish that in an affirmative action context,
are encouraged to remedy past effects of discrimina- race can .be one of several factors used in adrrmssions
tion: quotas are disfavored, decisions.
14 Amendment of the United States Constitution Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42
The "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth U.S.C.A. -2000e et seq., and regu rations at 29
Amendment, which applies only to public institutions. C.F.R. 1604-1606, 1608.1 et seq.
prohibits discrimination based on race or sex. Accord- Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based
ing to recent U.S. Supreme Court cases decided under on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin by any
this provision, such as Cit' of Richmond v. J.A. Croson employer with 15 or more employees; as amended in
Co., 488 U.S. 469 (1989), public employers'affirmative 1972 it applies to public and private educational institu-
action programs must be justified by and narrowly tai- tions. Cases decided under Title VT-I authorize affirma-
lored to remedy specific evidence of past discrimina- tive action. programs that are "narrowly tailored" to
tion. remedy past discrimination based on race, sex, etc.
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. Title IXpof-the Education Amendments or 1972,20
2000d,.and regulations at 45 C.F.R.- 80.1:et seq. .U.S.C.. ;1681 let seq:;. and regulations at 34 C.F.R:
.Title VI prohibits race discrimination ifapy.-prgragi .106.A1 etie_4 5..7. 86.1 .et seq.
receivuigfederaf funds. This law applies to bothadmis-, Title IX 'prohibits's'didc tiori-in all educa-
sions: aind employees. Violations can -restult-..in. with- 'tib1 institutions tha4eceive federal- funding. Title
.. "" : 7 T . .: . ..-.:.:. : : .
involving anything else."
Considering that the laws of Jim
Crow and lynching existed well into the
'60s, and that myriad subtler forms of
racism in housing, employment, and edu-
cation persisted well beyond the civil
rights movement, conservatives impa-
tient for blacks to "get over" the legacy
of slavery needed to realize that slavery
was just the beginning of racism in
America. Liberals also pointed out that
another popular conservative argument-
that because of affirmative action, mi-
norities were threatening the jobs of
whites-belied the reality that white men
were still the undisputed rulers of the
roost when it came to salaries, positions,
Polemics Turn Gray
The debate about affirmative action
has also grown more murky and difficult
as the public has come to appreciate its
complexity. Many liberals, for example,
can understand the injustice of affirma-
tive action in a case like Wygant (1986):
black employees kept their jobs while
white employees with seniority were laid
off. And many conservatives would be
hard pressed to come up with a better
alternative to the imposition of a strict
quota system in Paradise (1987), in
which the defiantly racist Alabama De-
partment of Public Safety refused to pro-'
mote any black above entry level even
after a full 12 years of court orders de-
manded they did.
The Supreme Court: Wary of
"Abstractions Going Wrong"
The Supreme Court justices have been
divided in their opinions in affirmative
action cases, partially because of oppos-
ing political ideologies but also because
the issue is simply so complex. The
Court has approached most of the cases
in a piecemeal fashion, focusing on nar-
LX's affirmative action provisions apply to both em-
ployment and admission of students. Violations can
result in withdrawal of federal funds or suits by private
individuals. Regulations promulgated under Tide IX,
34 C.F.R. 106.3. authorize affirmative or remedial
action in instances in which members of one sex must
be treated differently to overcome the specific effects of
Executive Order 11246, Sept. 24, 1965, as
amended by Executive Order 11375, Oct. 13, 1967,
41 C.F.R. 60-1 et seq.
Executive Order 11246 requires federal contractors to
adopt and implement "affirmative action programs" to
promote attainment of equal employment objectives. It
authorizes use of goals but prohibits quotas, and applies
to race, religion, color, national origin, and sex.
State Laws .
"Many-sitats'hlve laws-that are similar to-Title Vl!. or
Title IX. In s6i. instances,; state'laws provide broader
remedies. or:' oeft',l si4ve'-oeige' t. 'protected
Laws Applying to Affirmative Action in Educational Institutions
row aspects of policy rather than grap-
pling with the whole.
Even in Bakke-the closest thing to a
landmark affirmative action case-the
Court was split 5-4, and the judges' vari-
ous opinions were far more nuanced than
most glosses of the case indicate. Sandra
Day O'Connor often characterized as the
pivotal judge in such cases because she
straddles conservative and liberal views
about affirmative action, has been de-
scribed by University of Chicago law
professor Cass Sunstein as "nervous
about rules and abstractions going
wrong. She's very alert to the need for
the Court to depend on the details of each
Landmark Ruling Buttresses
But in a landmark 2003 case involving
the University of Michigan's affirmative
action policies-one of the most impor-
tant rulings on the issue in twenty-five
years-the Supreme Court decisively
upheld the right of affirmative action in
In the Michigan cases, the Supreme
Court ruled that although affirmative
action was no longer justified as a way of
redressing past oppression and injustice,
it promoted a "compelling state interest"
in diversity at all levels of society. A
record number of "friend-of-court" briefs
were filed in support of Michigan's af-
firmative action case by hundreds of or-
ganizations representing academia, busi-
ness, labor unions, and the military, argu-
ing the benefits of broad racial represen-
tation. As Sandra Day O'Connor wrote
for the majority, "In order to cultivate a
set of leaders with legitimacy in the eyes
of the citizenry, it is necessary that the
path to leadership be visibly open to tal-
ented and qualified individuals of every
race and ethnicity."
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 9
rebruary I9-1y rUUr
SSteve Harvey Inspires 100 Selected
tt K irYouth at 2nd Annual Dreamer's Academy
Participating in the Conversations With panel discussions
are Grey's Anatomy actorJames Pickens, Jr. and Audra Dreamers had the opportunity to hear a variety of
McDonald of Private Practice with hostess Sherry career opportunities from experts. Participing in "Sports"
Shepherdof The View. Sheperd's interviewees also were (L-R) IMG Sports Agent Carlos Fleming, Mike
included Warrick Dunn, Terrence J., Shon Gables and Newsome, Darrel Fry, Disney Sports PR Director and
Kimberly Locke. Washington Redskin's Antwaan Randal El
-^^II^H -^a Hi^SS
Shown above (L-R) are SEATED: Altamese King, Evelyn Walker, Carrie Manor, Bettye Dwight, Geanene
White, Cherlynette Nelson and Ronalda Nelson. STANDING: Ida Shellman, Pat Greene, Sallye Bryant,
Elouise McBride, Elouise Fletcher, Teresa Holloway, Ilene Jones, Corrie Thompson, Eleanor Duncan,
Vivian Watson, and Barbara Logan. R. Silver Photo
Baronetts Salute Their Sweethearts
president Ida Shellman, the after-
noon event including food, cama-
,. raderie and fellowship as the served
S Founded by five men in 1946, the
N men's organization is designed to
Soaid in the enhancement of a strong
educational, spiritual, social, politi-
cal and economic foundation
throughout the Jacksonville com-
T-h B munity. Currently they have twen-
S L. ty-seven members who along with
their wives, host everything from
social and civic event, to providing
scholarships and Easter Baskets to
Shown above are the men of Club Baron The purpose of the Baronetts is
The Baronetts, the female com- ty year tradition of celebrating to create a closer relationship
ponents The Barons Social Club, Valentine's Day. among the wives of the Barons and
recently continued their over twen- Held at the home of Baronetts to give moral, spiritual and physical
support to their counterparts.
World Witnesses Obama's First Victory
Continued from page 1
House Majority Whip Jim
Clyburn describes the new plan as
"bold action that President Obama
called for. It will create and save
3.5 million jobs, cut taxes for 95
percent of American workers, and
strategically transform our econo-
my for years to come."
But, the mission is daunting, he
"Our economy is shedding
20,000 jobs a day. Just last month
nearly 600,000 jobs were slashed,
marking the deepest cut in payrolls
in 34 years. The unemployment
rate in January reached 7.6 percent,
the highest level in more than 16
years. Of the top 20 highest months
of job loss in America's history,
five occurred in the last seven
months. It's time to turn those sta-
tistics around," he said in a state-
Among the primary focuses of
Black legislators has been the
Black unemployment rate, which
is 12.9 percent and more than 14
percent for Black males.
Though Lee applauds the bill,
she still questions whether it will
be enough when President Obama
has predicted possible double digit
unemployment for all of America
before it's all over.
"Given the magnitude of the
economic crisis, this bill could and
should be much bigger at least $1
trillion," Lee said. "Additionally, it
should have been enacted a year
ago when my colleagues in the
Progressive Caucus and I first
called for a new stimulus package
to jumpstart our economy. But the
previous Administration refused to
take action, letting our economy
collapse before choosing to bailout
their friends in the banking indus-
She not only applauded Obama,
but also House Speaker Nancy
Pelosi and Clyburn for their part in
crafting the recovery package.
Clybum says the bill was care-
fully crafted to include relief in
"The last time our country faced
an economic crisis of this magni-
tude, the government's response in
large measure omitted the commu-
nities that I represent and for which
the NAACP advocates," he says.
"As we crafted the American
Recovery and Reinvestment Act,
we targeted our efforts on tradi-
tionally underserved communities
and rural communities using cen-
sus tracks and poverty levels to
direct the greatest need. I believe
we met the challenge put forward
by the NAACP for equity and fair-
ness, and I expect this recovery
package to deliver the hand-up that
Americans so desperately need."
Lee promises to remain vigilant
in legislation to repair the damage.
"Although the American dream
has turned into a nightmare for
many during this economic crisis,"
she concludes, "Many people have
been living the nightmare for
years. So we must continue to fight
on their behalf, and we will."
Students even learned the art and practice of network-
ing and were given their own business cards to hand out.
Steve Harvey presented his sec-
ond annual Disney's Dreamers
Academy inviting 100 high school
students from across America who
took part in an. innovative career
program at Orlando's Walt Disney
World. The three day weekend
include interactive workshops,
motivational talks and hands-on
The program exposed participants
to creative and nontraditional career
opportunities in everything from
culinary arts to animation, set
design and production to the busi-
ness of sports, while inspiring them
to exceed the boundaries of their
dreams and imaginations. Featured
speakers at the workshops included
Sherri Shepperd ("The View");
One of the students' suprises included learning to do
the Cupid Shuff fro Cupid himself. They were also
given digital camera to capture the memories.
Chef Jeff Henderson (Food
Network); Anika Noni Rose, (voice
of Princess Tiana in Disney's
upcoming animated feature "The
Princess and the Frog"); Monique
Coleman ("High School Musical"
and "Dancing with the Stars");
Warrick Dunn (Tampa Bay
Buccaneers), and more.
Celebrating its second "Dreamers
Class," the Disney's Dreamers
Academy reached out nationwide to
teens, grades 9-12, who show
promise but need additional moti-
vational support to excel. The 100
graduates were carefully selected
by a distinguished panel of judges
from more than 4,000 applicants.
Harvey who is a hands on host, held
the selection process with several
judges at his home. Each of the 100
selected students shared a remark-
able trait: the power to DREAM.
Parents, teachers, school adminis-
trators, church groups and even the
students themselves nominated
aspiring dreamers from across the
nation for the program. The week-
end culminated at the commence-
ment ceremony with the keynote
address of perseverance given by
Naval Academy graduate Zerbin
"Most of all this weekend taught
me that it's ok to keep trying for
your dream," said Stanton student
Dallas Glenn. "Real people
showed me if you keep trying, you
can make your dreams come true,"
Project H.O.P.E. Seeking
Local Storm Survivors
Project H.O.P.E. (Helping Our People in Emergencies), a program fund-
ed by FEMA, is interested in talking to people still affected by Tropical
Storm Fay. Counselors will be out canvassing in the communities between
Talleyrand and Springfield on 2/20,21 & 22 as well as 2/27,28 & 29 to
speak with survivors and offer emotional and practical support and infor-
Project H.O.P.E. will also be conducting a group discussion at North
South Human Services, 610 Julia St., at 10:00 a.m. on Saturday, Feb. 21st
and Sunday Feb. 22nd. If you were affected by Tropical Storm Fay and
need to find out more about Project H.O.P.E., call 899-6300, ext. 4612.
nntifiS,.c "',,[ ;'^'-^ ',T ^ yO ^
HbidSynegy Dive ecnoogyan Fel e* SydogenVehcle. Tes
IheWors a i
Reae, eik wet*amofS
n .. i n1014 ^nf
Pna in T/.- Po-rrv lFreo Pr0es
Recession or Not, Black Women
Not Scrimping on Hair Care
We all saw her at the
Inauguration, and even on Election
Day, Michelle Obama's healthy
flowing locks have inspired black
women across the country to step
their hair care game up. Since the
days of Madam C.J Walker, black
hair care has been a priority among
African-American women and a lot
of consideration has gone into
choosing the right hair care experts.
According to a survey conducted
by Design Essentials, the majority
of African-American women base
their salon and stylist choice on
trust, cost and time consumption.
With the recent state of the econo-
my, affordable hair care is harder to
find but women have stayed com-
mitted to their hair regimen.
Johnny Wright, Mrs. Obama's
hairstylist has been taming the first
lady's locks for a little over a year
now, but became her full-time styl-
ist just in time for the 2008
Democratic Convention in Denver.
Wright's services keep Michelle's
hair the envy of African American
women everywhere; but by no
means are they cheap.
Black hair care has always man-
aged to fit into the budget and while
some may think it would be the first
to go, studies have shown that
despite the present economic state
of America and the price spike at
most salons, Black women are still
flocking to their hairdressers to
keep up with routine maintenance.
"Some weekly clients have
changed to every other week. But
the majority of clients have been
keeping up with their appoint-
ments," said Britney Adams, a styl-
ist at New Image Salon.
Shalonda Armstrong, Director
of Marketing at Design Essentials,
has found in the recent Design
Essential Mane Attraction Survey
that 36 percent African-American
respondents have decreased visits
to the salon, and have admitted
going only when they can afford it.
Many women have resorted to
going to the salon less or doing
their own hair as much as possible
to cut back on costs, but even then,
they have come to find out that the
cost of salon-like products have
"As a company
are flat or
we have seen
and many of
down. However, retail products
sold to consumers have shown a
significant increase," said
Armstrong. "This tells me that
many African-American women
are opting to save money by doing
their hair at home sometimes.
Ultimately, a vacation may no
longer be in the budget, but there is
still room for the occasional trip to
While women have seen a dif-
ference from cutting back on salon
prices and increasing home prod-
ucts, others are finding that it is
more economical to purchase rec-
ommended products from beauty
supply stores instead of directly
from their stylist.
"When I decided to stop going
to my hair stylist so much, I asked
her to suggest some products that I
could use at home to get salon qual-
ity," said Beth Lewis, 27. "She sold
me the products that she uses at her
shop, they ended up costing me a
couple of months worth of going to
However, Lewis, a social work-
er, says after purchasing the prod-
ucts from her stylist, she has been
able to maintain desirable hairstyles
while cutting down her weekly
appointments to once a month.
Hair type has also been a decid-
ing factor in a customer's ability to
cut back salon visits. Women with
hair needing more attention tend to
faithfully keep appointments with
their stylist to receive the proper
hair treatment. Those with more
manageable hair conditions don't
mind cutting back on salon services
to take on the job at home.
"I can do my own hair at home,
and I have done it a lot more recent-
ly. But I still go to the beauty shop
as regularly as possible. No matter
how broke I am, I will always go
get my hair done," said Raven
Hodges, a Tulane University stu-
Michelle Obama may have the
money and the social need to keep
up with routine hairstyling, but the
women who, despite their lack of
means, still desire the look are con-
tinuously willing to spend the
money, either in the salons or on the
"Every woman wants to be
beautiful no matter what color, but
Black women have a special pride
that includes taking care of their
hair," said Adams. "Even if times
are hard, a good hairstyle can do a
lot for an individual."
Herbert and Zelmyra Fisher
NC couple sets
world record for
84 years together
Herbert and Zelmyra Fisher know
all about love. Their children and
family friends say the Craven
County, North Carolina couple,
married now for 84 years, has been
an example for a lifetime.
Their long life of togetherness has
earned them the distinction of
being listed in the Guinness Book
of Records as the longest married
living couple. Their grand daugh-
ter, Iris Godette guided the family
through the process to gain the
The Fishers still are very active,
Norma Godette said. "He goes to
church every Sunday," she said of
her 103-year-old father.
The Census Bureau projects that
6,000 people in America get mar-
ried every day, only 6 percent of
women have been married 50 years
AS z D t v''vx a
at-air ad ski tips for todays womAn of coLor
!Blow Drying our Hair
Su I love getting
L my hair blown
out when I go
lately I've been
blow drying it
myself to help straighten it out...is
it true that blow dryers are really
bad for my hair.
Yes. Heat is not good for your
hair whether it's a blow dryer, curl-
ing iron or flat iron. Of course we
use them because of the effects
they have on our hair. I have
OBSTETRICAL & GYNECOLOGICAL
& Gynecological Care
Comprehensive Pregnancy Care
Board Certified Laser Surgery
Family Planning Vaginal Surgery
Osteoporosis Menopausal Disorder
Laparoscopy Menstrual Disorder
B. Vereen Chithriki, M.D.
St. Vincent's Division IV William L. Cody, M.D.
1820 Barrs Street, Suite 521 -
Jacksonville, FL 32204 4
clients who like to get their hair
blow dried after a relaxer because
it does do a great job straightening
our hair. Now this isn't something
that's occurring everyday. Instead
of using a blowdryer and a flat iron
everyday may I suggest that you
wrap your hair at night. By wrap-
ping I mean simply brush your hair
in a circular motion over your
head. You may have to use bobby
pins to hold it in place. Chances
are if you wrap your hair with a
silk scarf at night you won't have
to put as much heat on your hair to
get the look that you want. Hope
that works. Dyrinda
DS Spa and Salon is located at
9810 Bay meadows Rd Suite #2.
Reach her at 645-9044.
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity
now accepting scholarship
applications from local youth
The Jacksonville Alumni Chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.,
one of the oldest and largest African- American Greek Letter
Organizations, is looking for a few good students.
Since 1994, the group has been awarding scholarships to well deserv-
ing students from the local area.
Last year the organization awarded scholarships to 10 graduating High
School Students and one graduate student at the University of North
Florida. Though the awards are sponsored by a fraternity, anyone who
meets the selection criteria is eligible to apply. To be eligible, students
must be a graduating high school senior or enrolled in an accredited
graduate program and a U.S. Citizen.
Students are chosen by a judging committee of community leaders and
fraternity members. Selections are made based on scholastic achieve-
ment, character and leadership, financial need, a personal interview and
an essay response.
Formal applications can be downloaded from the fraternity website at
www.jacksonvillekappas.com/programs. All applications must be post-
marked by midnight February 28, 2009. The application and supporting
documents should be submitted to:
c/o Kappa Foundation Scholarship Awards
Post Office Box 40625
Jacksonville, FL 32203
Charles E. Simmons, III, M.D.
Have. ymr ne wbom or sirc ch&i seen
i ih .e hosp'tf by h air own Docfc,.
Baptist-WoIfson Children's Hospital
S. Vincents-Memorial &St. Lukes Hospital
Primary Care Hours;
9 A.M. to 5:30 P.M. M-F
1771 Edgewood Avenue, W., Ste 1
Jacksonville, Florida 32208
Pr. Chester Aikens
305 E.a5-t Union 5tSreet
in Downtown JacksonviLLe
For All Your
Dental Needs n
8:30 AM 5 PM
Saturday Appointments Available .
Dental Insurance and Medicaid Accepted
rage JLU ivILS. r ul I y no r 11 Cc JL A vm,3
February 19-25, 2009
Recession Hitting HBCU's Hard
Black colleges in the United
States are reeling from the impact
of a recession that has hit their
funding and are struggling to retain
poor and middle income students.
The big government economic
stimulus package President Barack
Obama is expected to sign on
Tuesday could provide some relief
in a downturn that is hurting dozens
of small, private universities set up
for African Americans that lack big
endowments and rely on tuition
The colleges are a legacy of a past
era when black students were
barred from white-dominated high-
er education. Although the country
now has its first black president in
Obama, these institutions still play
a valuable role, educators and
Many U.S. universities have been
affected by the recession, which has
eroded state and private funding for
education. But a majority of stu-
dents at black colleges come from
low- or middle-income families,
making them and their schools
more vulnerable to the economic
As it bites, students struggle to get
loans and scholarships, and the col-
leges struggle to pay bills.
"All the trends are bad right now,"
said Michael Lomax, president of
the United Negro College Fund,
which raises money for 39 of the
103 Historically Black Colleges
and Universities (HBCUs) in the
In a dramatic example, Clark
Atlanta University laid off 70 of its
229 full-time faculty members and
Love Against the 0(
consolidated classes in its arts and
science school last week when 300
students out of an enrollment of
about 4,000 failed to return for the
spring semester because of cost.
"Ninety-eight percent of our stu-
dents require financial aid. As that
became less accessible, increasing-
ly our students have found they
were unable to return," said spokes-
woman Jennifer Jiles.
As it stands, the $787 billion stim-
ulus bill includes money to make an
"incredible difference" to HBCUs,
said Lezli Baskerville, president of
the National Association for Equal
Opportunity in Higher Education.
It would include more than $800
million for infrastructure projects
on HBCU campuses and $500 mil-
lion over two years for improve-
ments in technology as well as
of Black Women Unmarried
Marriage is usually a part of most
any woman's life plan, but for
many black women, the dream of
marriage remains only that.
Forty-two percent of black women
have never been married, compared
to 21 percent of white women,
according to national
they believe that data collected is
accurate nationally, churches are
pointing out that they are marrying
more young couples than they have
in years, indicating a change may
be in the works.
"The first relationships where
there's an upsurge is in the relation-
ships with God, and the relationship
with God gets them ready to love
somebody," said Brother George W.
Thigpen III of Deliverance Temple
Church. "Down the line, that cre-
ates marriages and better mar-
But within the last two genera-
tions, marriage rates for
Between 1970 and 2001, the And
black marriage rate dropped ma
by 34 percent, compared to ma
17 percent in the general
Information from the U.S.
Department of Health and Human
services and from the U.S. Census
indicate that African-American
women are the least likely group
to get married in the United
States. And if they wed an
African-American man, those
couples have the highest
divorce rate in the United
believe that higher incarcera-
tion rates for black males as
Swell as the higher number of
black women in college, com-
pared to black men, play a role in
Many also believe that the
increase in single mothers as heads
of households affects the number of
"When you don't have a positive
male role model in your life, then
that's all you see," said Alan Jones.
"If you don't see a mom and dad
and a positive male figure in your
life, then you might think it's OK
not to marry, or you may not take it
Issues of trust and competition, as
well the significantly higher num-
ber of black men who date and
marry interracially, compared to
black women who do so, also affect
the success of black relationships
for 3 days and
2 nights at the
beautiful Crystal Palace
in Nassau, Bahamas
S- -3 Card Poker
Fri-Sun on a chartered plane from JIA
Call Casino Steve
But for Carlita Summers and oth-
ers, there is no reason for black
women to give up hope of getting
are the least likely group to
get married in the United States.
if they wed an African-American
n, those couples have the highest
divorce rate in the United States.
married. She plans on attending
five weddings this summer with
black brides, so she believes seeing
"When you start embracing statis-
tics ... that's when it becomes an
issue. Don't focus on it and dwell
on it," she said. "Embrace your sin-
gleness and love it ... and when you
embrace it and love who you are,
time will come. Just be patient."
increased federal grants for students
from low-income families, she said.
"We want to make it possible for
low-income, first-generation stu-
dents (whose parents did not go to
college) to be in the market to drive
and stimulate the economy. That's
what our institutions have tradition-
ally done," Baskerville said.
To an outsider, the range and num-
ber of higher education establish-
ments in the United States can
appear bewildering. Outside the
ranks of famous Ivy League schools
and the huge state universities, the
country is dotted with hundreds of
private institutions, many tiny,
The same is true for historically
black colleges. Such schools range
from places with a national reputa-
tion such as the all-female Spelman
College in Atlanta to rural universi-
ties catering to just a few hundred
Spelman announced this week it
would reduce its operating budget
by $4.8 million, including the elim-
ination of 12 vacant and 23 existing
positions, because of a 3 percent
drop in enrollment and a decrease in
HBCUs enroll 14 percent of
African American students but con-
stitute only 3 percent of America's
4,084 institutions of higher educa-
tion, according to government fig-
Many boast a tradition of promot-
ing black leadership: civil rights
leader Martin Luther King and film
maker Spike Lee attended
Morehouse College in Atlanta.
Educator Booker T. Washington
founded Tuskegee University in
Alabama in 1881 and prominent
agriculturalist George Washington
Carver set up its agricultural school.
In contrast, Obama attended
Freshman students Laurah Pollonais and Dalicia Barker listen dur-
ing a class at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia in this picture taken
February 12, 2009. Black colleges in the United States are reeling from
the impact of a recession that has hit their funding and are struggling
to retain poor and middle income students.
Occidental College in Los Angeles Spelman president Beverly Tatum
and Columbia University in New said there were advantages for
York, neither an HBCU. black female students in attending a
Since segregation was banned in college that was designed especial-
the 1960s, the black schools have ly with their needs in mind. A meas-
diversified. Many have multiracial ure of the attraction to students was
faculties and go out of their way to that 6,000 applicants competed for
attract non-black students. 525 Spelman places this academic
West Virginia State University is year, she said.
classed as an HBCU, though its stu- Ashley said HBCUs provided a
dent body is mainly white. "nurturing environment".
The 47 state-run HBCU's and six "They are the epicenter of activity
law schools are in the same boat as in the communities in which they
other state colleges, forced to cut are located. If you strengthen them,
costs and delay capital projects, you strengthen the community and
said Dwayne Ashley, chief execu- spur growth," said Baskerville.
tive of the Thurgood Marshall Few cite racial solidarity as a key
College Fund, which funds students attraction, perhaps fearing accusa-
at state HBCU's. tions over political correctness. But
"REACH OUT many students say they chose an
TO MY ROOTS" HBCU partly to be among other
While it is unlikely a university African Americans after attending
would be set up in contemporary racially mixed high schools.
America with a mission to educate a "I wanted to go to a black college
single ethnic group, HBCUs have to reach out to my roots and follow
attracted support from successive tradition," said Marques Jenkins,
governments and are stoutly 23, a psychology student who came
defended by their leaders. to Clark Atlanta from California.
As part of our fixed route bus system re-design and to meet financial constraints, the Jacksonville Transportation
Authority is currently in the process of evaluating our entire fixed route system. Several service modifications are
being considered for implementation this May. To minimize the impact to our valued customers, the Jacksonville
Transportation Authority will host six public workshops and a public hearing (listed below) to collect your
suggestions/comments before any service modifications become final.
will be included in the public hearing report.
Monday, February 23, 2009
9911 Old Baymeadows Road
Jacksonville, FL 32208
Meeting: 5-7 p.m.
Monday, March 2, 2009
Southeast Public Library
10599 Deerwood Park Blvd.
Jacksonville, FL 32256
Meeting: 5-7 p.m.
Thursday, March 5, 2009
FCCJ Kent Campus
3939 Roosevelt Blvd.
Jacksonville, FL 32205
Meeting: 4:30-6 p.m.
Thursday, March 12, 2009
FCCJ Downtown Campus
601 W. State Street
Jacksonville, FL 32202
Meeting: 11 a.m.-1 p.m.
Meeting: 4-6 p.m.
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
Gateway Shopping Center
5258-12 Norwood Avenue
Jacksonville, FL 32223
Meeting: 4-6 p.m.
Wednesday, March 4, 2009
Jacksonville Beach City Hall
11 North Third Street
Jacksonville Beach, FL 32250
Meeting: 5:30-7:30 p.m.
Wednesday, March 11, 2009
South Mandarin Library
12125 San Jose Blvd.
Jacksonville, FL 32223
Meeting: 5:30-7:30 p.m.
All recorded comments from the workshops
All interested persons or groups are
encouraged to attend and participate.
Public participation is solicited
without regard to race, color, religion,
sex, age or national origin, disability
or familial status. Written comments
will be accepted until Monday, March
Any person requiring special
accommodations should contact
William Milnes at 904.598.8731 or
email email@example.com no later
than seven days prior to the meeting.
100 N. Myrtle Avenue
Jacksonville, Fl 32204
Telephone (904) 630-3100
TDD Telephone (904) 630-3191
THE ROUTES BELOW ARE BEING EVALUATED
X2, BH50, Laura Street Trolley, Bay Street Trolley, NS14, Beaver Street
Trolley, NS40, SS2, SS3, SS5, SS9, 16, U2, NS33, NS2, L9, R5, WS12,
B6, WS1, WS2, 1S, Q3, Baldwin Commuter Shuttle, Highlands & Oceanway
Part 4f yo" da. ;Pa4t o4 yur oMMnity.
pPart 4 yocr n 4e.
-------R gon 0-rn ----- 0WS lto s
February 19-25, 2009J
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 11
ARE VOU FEELING LUCKV TRIS MONTII?
-~In l Im I iifkIn
a gv' 1.M- IV".T A Ul Pr, a F 19-25, 20- 0 9 -
What to do from social, volunteer, political and sports activities to self enrichment and the civic scene
Menopause the ivusical
Menopause the Musical will be
performed at the Times-Union
Center for the Performing Arts
through February 22nd. Inspired
by a hot flash and a bottle of wine,
writer/producer Jeanie Linders cre-
ated the show as a celebration of
women who are on the brink of, in
the middle of, or have survived The
Change. Call 632-3228 for tickets.
Program at EWC
The Gullah/Geechee Cultural
Heritage Corridor Commission will
present "Reflections: Duval
County's Gullah/Geechee History"
at 7:00 p.m. on Friday, February
20th in the Milne Auditorium, 1658
Kings Road, at EWC,
The public program will celebrate
the culture's influence on local his-
tory and honor 'history heroes' who
work to preserve the culture.
For more info, call 261-4186.
Cleo Parker Robinson
The Cleo Parker Robinson Dance
Ensemble will be in Jacksonville
for one performance only at the Ritz
Theater on February 21st at
8:00pm. Ticket prices are $21.50.
Call 632-5555 for more informa-
The Jacksonville Association of
Black Journalists will hold their
first meeting of the year on
Saturday, Feb. 21, at 10 a.m. at
WJXT Channel 4 studios. For more
information, call Tia Mitchell at
Fort Mose Living
Fort Mose Historic State Park will
commemorate Black History
Month on Saturday February 21st,
from 10 a.m. 3 p.m., by celebrat-
ing the first free black community
in the United States. Re-enactors in
period clothing will tell the story of
Fort Mose in "Flight to Freedom" a
living history event. In addition,
food, drumming, and the St.
Augustine Garrison will perform
along with demonstrations of mus-
ket firing. Festivities will be held.
The park is located at 15 Fort Mose
Trail in St. Augustine. For more
information, call 904-823-2232.
Betsch to Keynote
The 11th Annual Kingsley
Heritage Celebration will be held
on Saturday, February 21st at 2:00
p.m., the event also features a musi-
cal presentation by the EWC Choir.
The guest speaker will be Dr.
Johnnetta Betsch Cole Kingsley
descendant and former president of
Spelman College. The Kingsley
Heritage Celebration recognizes the
culture that evolved amongst slave
communities despite the oppression
of slavery and celebrates their
strength. For more information,
JLOC Open Meeting
On Sunday, February 22nd, the
general public is invited to attend
the Jacksonville Local Organizing
Committee of the Millions More
Movement. It will be held from
6:00- 8:30 p.m. at 916 N.Myrtle
Avenue. If you are concerned about
wanting to improve the quality of
living conditions in your communi-
ty come to this meeting. For more
information, visit www.jaxloc.com
or call 904-240-9133.
Uptown Civitan, a local women's
civic group, is hosting the largest
World Series of Poker sanctioned
one night satellite charity event
ever held in North Florida. The
Celebrity Poker Challenge will be
held February 24, 2009 at The
Poker Room in Orange Park, FL.
Top prize is a $10,000 seat in the
World Series of Poker with over
$30,000 in cash and prizes awarded
to top finishers. Entry fee is $350
of which $265 is a charitable tax
donation. Call 733-2650 to register.
Sbml Your New$ n(d Coming ENent
News deadline is Monday at 6 p.m. by the week
you would like your information to be printed.
Information can be sent via email, fax, brought
into our office or mailed in. Please be sure to
include the 5W's who, what, when, where, why
and you must include a contact number.
Email JFreePress@aol.com Fax (904) 765-3803
Mail: Coming Events Jacksonville Free Press
PLL Uinmig YDur
Special Ea vnt?
Commemorate your special event with
professional affordable photos by the Picture Lady!
1 S .6 n n al y o c l 3 2 2 Zi C d e)64 2 o us id e of ciyS
to reserve your day!
Free Family Night at
the Cummer Museum
The Cummer Museum of Art &
Gardens is hosting a free family
night with live music, art making
and a variety of hands-on experi-
ences inspired by Georgia O'Keeffe
and Her Times: American
Modernism from the Lane
Collection of the Museum of Fine
Arts, Boston. The works of art in
the exhibition are considered to be
one of the best collections of
American Modernism. Family
Night will be held on Tuesday,
February 24, 2009, 4 to 9 p.m. at
the Museum located at 829
Riverside Ave. For more informa-
tion, call 355-0630.
Happy Days a new musical based
on the 70s sitcom will be performed
at the Times Union center's Moran
Theater February 24-March 1, for
eight performances only. Tickets
range in price from $26.00 to
$66.00. For tickets or more infor-
mation, call 632-3373.
The Black Republicans of Duval
County will celebrate the grand
opening of their new offices on
Thursday, February 26th at 7.p.m.
The offices are located at 4963
Beach Blvd. For more information
Clean Up Woman
Telma Hopkins, Christopher
Williams, Jackee' and comedian
George Wilborn will all grace the
stage of the Florida Theater
February 27 and 28th for the play
"Clean Up Woman". Showtimes
include evening and matinee shows.
Call 353-3309 for tickets.
Heart of a
On Saturday, February 28, 2009
from 11:00 1:00 p.m., the Women
of Color Cultural Foundation will
present the fifth annual Heart of a
Woman Luncheon at the Channel 7
Studios next to Metropolitan Park..
This educational forum instructs
participants about the risk factors
associated with heart disease and
how to maintain a healthy heart.
Keynote speaker will be Dr. Judith
C. Rodriguez, re-knowned nutri-
tionist and author. Call 635-5191
or 981-8793 for more information.
Duval Extension is hosting a
Beginning Vegetable Workshop on
Saturday February 29th from 9
a.m. to noon. Learn about general
requirements for growing vegeta-
bles, organic gardening tips, con-
tainer gardening and managing
pests followed by hands-on practice
working with vegetable transplants
that you can take home for your
garden. Cost is $10 to attend. Call
387-8850 to register.
African Child Soldier
to Speak at FCCJ
Child soldier, refugee, best-selling
author and activist Ishmael Beah
will speak at FCCJ South Campus'
Wilson Center on Wednesday,
March 4, 2009 at 7 p.m. Author of
"A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a
Boy Soldier," the book chronicles
the Sierra Leone-born author's
experiences as a boy soldier, thrown
into battle and trained to kill at age
13. The program starts at 7 pm.
inside of the Wilson Center.
Zoo Garden Tour
Now is the time for spring cleaning
your garden! The Jacksonville Zoo
and Gardens' Garden Tour will take
place March 7th, from 9:00- 11:00
a.m. Learn how they beautify the
gardens by pruning, cutting back,
cleaning and fertilizing.
Participants should pre-register
online at www.jacksonvillezoo.org,
and meet outside the Zoo's ticket
booths at 8:45 a.m.For more infor-
mation, call Mercede New 904-
757-4463, ext. 211.
Frat House the Play
Frat House, the original play by
Stage Aurora's Darryl Reuben Hall,
centers around Thomas, the son of a
pastor, leaves home to attend col-
lege and joins a fraternity against
his father's advice. The play will be
performed on stage in March at the
Theater's Main Stage located at
5188 Norwood Avenue inside
Gateway Mall. For tickets or more
information, call 765-7372.
Jack & Jill Beautillion
The Jacksonville Chapter of Jack
and Jill will host their ll1th Les
Beautillion Militaire at the
University of North Florida
Ballroom on March 14th. The
biennial event recognizes the cul-
tural, social and educational accom-
plishments of young Black men in
their junior and senior high school
year. For .more information call
Sinbad in Concert
Clean cut family comedian Sinbad
will be returning to Jacksonville for
one performance only on Friday
March 20th at 8 p.m. at the Florida
Theatre. Call 355-2787 for more
February 19-25, 2009
Pafye 12 Ms. Perrv's Free Press
February 19-25, 2009
Tyler Perry still looking for a lil' respect in '09
President Obama is shown above with Stevie Wonder
Whitehouse to Honor Stevie Wonder
The White House is planning a
concert this month to honor Stevie
Wonder, whose music provided part
of President Obama's campaign
The White House says the presi-
dent and the first lady will present
Wonder with a Library of Congress
award on Feb. 25. The concert will
be broadcast the next day on PBS
as part of its Performance at the
White House series.
The award-winning and chart-top-
ping Wonder performed at the
Democratic National Convention in
Denver on the night Obama accept-
ed his party's nomination. He also
performed at a concert during the
week of Obama's inauguration.
His song Signed, Sealed,
Delivered I'm Yours became a
theme song during the campaign.
Obama also used Higher Ground
during campaign stops.
Isaac Hayes home to be sold in fore-
closure The Cordova, Tenn. home of late soul
singer Isaac Hayes has been foreclosed and will
be sold on the courthouse steps next month.
Hayes died of an apparent heart attack at the
house. His estate now is in default on a $1.1 mil-
lion loan for the 7,205 sft home. It is not immedi-
ately clear if Hayes' estate was in default on the
loan following his death, or if the default preced-
ed his passing.
His name is listed on the notice of foreclosure sale as "Isaac Hayes, a/k/a
Isaac Lee Hayes Jr., Unmarried."
Chris Brown Issues Public Apology
Chris Brown, who was arrested a week ago in
connection with the alleged beating of his girl-
friend, Rihanna, released a statement Sunday
expressing remorse over his actions, according to
"Words cannot begin to express how sorry and ..
saddened I am over what transpired. I am seeking \ .K
the counseling of my pastor, my mother and other '.,- '
loved ones and I am committed, with God's help, .",--' '
to emerging a better person," the singer said in a
statement issued through publicist Michael Si
Brown surrendered to Los Angeles police on Feb. 8 and was released on
$50,000 bail after being booked for investigation of making a criminal
threat, a felony. He has not been charged by the district attorney's office,
which is still investigating the case.
Tyler Perry wants to take his
character Madea to Europe, but he's
been told that audiences there won't
relate to his stories about African-
American lives. The films have
made nearly $300 million at U.S.
The challenge to conquer Europe
has "sat in my spirit," Perry wrote
in a newsletter to his fans.
Perry, who just a few years ago
was homeless and broke, has made
a fortune proving naysayers and
critics wrong with a successful
string of low-budget movies based
on his Christian-themed stage
"I was once told [by] someone
that my movies only appeal to black
people and no one else," Perry
wrote. "Now, I know that's not
When his first movie -- "Diary of
a Mad Black Woman" -- debuted in
2005, people who had seen his
stage plays in person or on DVD
flocked to theaters, making it the
week's top movie with almost $22
million in ticket sales.
Critics, who consistently pan
Perry's productions, were con-
"They think I don't know what I
am doing," he said in a CNN inter-
view. "They think that this is all
haphazard, that I am some sort of
idiot or something." Watch Perry
sound off on "Madea" and other
Perry said he does not write to
please the critics, but for a broad
audience of all ages.
With six films already out and a
seventh -- "Madea Goes To Jail" --
coming soon, Perry has never made
a box office flop. His movies aver-
age nearly $22 million on opening
weekends and almost $47 million in
total domestic sales.
"Tyler Perry has a definite and
growing fan base in this country
and it's simply a matter of, can he
create and grow a fan base in other
countries," said independent pro-
ducer Alex Franklin.
Franklin -- a former development
executive at Lionsgate, the film
company that distributes Perry's
films in the United States -- was the
first person at that studio to read his
script for "Diary of a Mad Black
He agrees that Perry's movies
should sell in Europe, but he said
there is a tendency by distributors
there to avoid films about African-
Americans and films without major
American stars who are well-
known in Europe.
While Perry's casts have included
Angela Bassett, Janet Jackson and
Kathy Bates, many of his charac-
ters, including Madea, come from
his stage plays, which are known
only to a mostly black American
But David Mann -- who is "Mr.
Brown" in Perry's productions --
said he has seen the audience
broaden since the early years of the
"I can recall when we first start-
ed, I would say 90 to 95 percent of
the audience would be African-
American," Mann said. "But now,
you look out there and it's like,
'Wow! It's just a rainbow.' "
Perry, in his message to fans, said
he sees his stories as universal.
"I know that even though I write
from an African-American experi-
ence and most of the time I have an
all-African-American cast, that
doesn't mean that other people
from other walks of life can't
relate," he said. "I think that
any human being \'v.,o goes
through what '.e all go
through can relate to mni\
"I know and remember
that when I'm v.riing." he
continued. "But \ hen this
person said that to me.
they also said Europeans
would never relate, and
that sat in my spirit" 1 "
Perry said lie fle\ 1 t
Europe in Janmiar -- "to
find out for mi\self' -- v. wh
visits to Rome, Madrid and
London. It was there that helie
wrote his letter to ls
"So far, all of us
seem to be prerr\
we all want
love, and we
all have a church in every country.
And since these are the things I
usually write about, I don't see how
that statement can be true. Do
Perry could get his answer soon.
Lionsgate has not said if "Madea
Goes To Jail," which debuts Friday,
will be marketed to European audi-
ences. But the company signed a
joint venture deal last year with
Eros International, an Indian film
company, to distribute its films in
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Perry's next installment,
"Madea Goes to Jail", opens
India -- the second largest English-
speaking market in the world.
If that arrangement does not take
Madea around the world, then per-
haps Perry will try it on his own,
"He has the money to back up his
intentions," he said. "He proved his
tia0, ers wrong in America, with
Ins \\ill and perseverance. There's,
no reason he can't do the same over-
Disney's First Black Princess Receives Her Own
Doll Disney Consumer Products and actress Anika Noni Rose, voice
of Princess Tiana, Disney's first African American princess, unveiled a
new toy line inspired by the upcoming film, 'The Princess and the Frog,'
which opens this holiday season. The event was held at the American
International Toy Fair in New York City on February 16, 2009.
Witness the majestic dance of
the internationaffy famed Cleo
Parker pb6inson Dance Ensem6fe
performing "Passionate Spirit"
6y Katherine Dunham
Saturday, February 21
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S LIVE UNITED
HOW TO LIVE UNITED:
JOIN HANDS. OPEN YOUR HEART.
LEND YOUR MUSCLE. FIND YOUR VOICE.
GIVE 10%. GIVE 100%. GIVE 110%.
GIVE AN HOUR. GIVE A SATURDAY.
THINK OF WE BEFORE ME.
GIVE. ADVOCATE. VOLUNTEER.
Want to make a difference? Help create opportunities for everyone in your community. United Way
is creating real, lasting change where you live, by focusing on the building blocks of a better life-
G nc education, income and health. That'swhat it meansto Live United. For more, visit LIVEUNITED.ORG.
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February 19-25, 2009
Dana 1A -. M-PrA E ree Press
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you can't help but think achieving the impossible is possible.
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