The Jacksonville free press ( February 12, 2009 )

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Material Information

The Jacksonville free press
Running title:
Mrs. Perry's free press
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Jacksonville free press
Rita Luffborough
Rita Luffborough Perry
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on optical disc from Ethnic newswatch.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 4, no. 36 (June 28, 1990)-
General Note:
"Florida's First Coast only quality Black weekly."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltuf - AKN0341
oclc - 19095970
alephbibnum - 002042477
lccn - sn 95007355
issn - 1081-3349
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Jacksonville advocate-free press


Material Information

The Jacksonville free press
Running title:
Mrs. Perry's free press
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Jacksonville free press
Rita Luffborough
Rita Luffborough Perry
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on optical disc from Ethnic newswatch.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 4, no. 36 (June 28, 1990)-
General Note:
"Florida's First Coast only quality Black weekly."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
ltuf - AKN0341
oclc - 19095970
alephbibnum - 002042477
lccn - sn 95007355
issn - 1081-3349
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Jacksonville advocate-free press

This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

In Times
of Triumph
We Must Always
Challenging Times
in Black History
Page 7

On its 100th


NAACP Looking

to Youth to

for the Future
Page 9

Actions of

Octuplet's Mom
Reinforces the

Stigma of the

Single Mother
Page 4

Public Backlash
Causes Legend
to Rethink

on Beyonce
Page 13

k LOXI{VA'S I-IR5 I COA S I Q L.ALI I '1 4 LACK Vv h LKLY 5 et

Johnetta Cole Named
Smithsonian Director
Washington, DC Jacksonville native Johnnetta
B. Cole, the longtime president of historically
Black Spelman and Bennett colleges, has been
named the director of the Smithsonian's National
Museum of African Art. She will assume the role
on March 2. In her role as the director, she will
help expand the African art museum's reach. Sharon Patton resigned as
the museum's director in January.
Cole currently heads the Johnnetta B. Cole Global Diversity and
Inclusion Institute at Bennett College for Women in Greensboro, N.C.
She served as the school's president from 2002 to 2007. Cole was presi-
dent of Spelman College in Atlanta for a decade until 1997 when she
completed a $113 million capital campaign.
Cole recently advised Smithsonian planners for the National Museum
of African American History and Culture.

Cop Charged with Videotaped
Murder Free on Bond
Oakland, Ca The Oakland, Calif., transit officer charged with murder
in the shooting death of an unarmed, Black man on New Year's Day is
free after posting a $3 million bond.
Johannes Mehserle was videotaped with a cell phone camera pumping
a bullet into the back of 22-year-old Oscar Grant, as his victim lay on the
ground. Another Bay Area Rapid Transit officer kneeled on Grant's back
as Mehserle fired.
The decision by a judge last month to grant bond to the 27-year-old
Mehserle triggered a violent uprising in the Bay Area.
Mehserle's preliminary hearing is scheduled for March 23.

Woman Wins Pentecostal Clothing
Fight Aginst D.C.'s City Bus System
Washington, DC Gloria Jones, a Pentecostal woman who refused to
wear pants as part of a bus driver uniform, has prevailed in a legal battle.
Last September, Jones filed a complaint against D.C.'s Washington
Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) alleging that even
though she was qualified for the driver position, she wasn't hired because
of religious discrimination, a WMATA spokesman told USA Today.
When Jones asked permission to wear a skirt due to her Apostolic
Pentecostal faith, they axed her application.
Last week, the U.S. Department of Justice announced that Jones and the
agency had settled, and that she would be paid more than $47,000. In
addition, WMATA will take a closer look at more ways to accommodate
employees on a case-by-case basis, the spokesman said.
Now, Jones can reapply for the driver position, and if she is hired she'd
have to request to be exempt from the uniform policy.

Nick Cannon New Host
of America's Got Talent
Nick Cannon has been tapped to host NBC's
"America's Got Talent" when it returns for its
fourth season this summer.
The 28-year-old actor, producer and husband of
pop star Mariah Carey replaces previous host Jerry
Springer, who announced his departure last week
due to commitments with his talk show and stage
This variety show is the first of "multiple projects we are looking to do
with Nick at NBC," said network chief Ben Silverman.
"Talent" is open to all ages and to performers of all kinds (including
comedians, contortionists, jugglers and magicians, as well as singers and
dancers), all competing for its $1 million prize. Last season, the winner
was an operatic tenor and insurance salesman.
Auditions are currently being held in major cities across the country. In
addition to live auditions and the ability to send in a home audition tape,
Season 4 offers the opportunity for acts to upload their video direct at
NBC.com/agt with their registration.

Prosecutors Want Former Mayor
Marion Barry Jailed Over His Taxes
WASHINGTON Prosecutors asked a federal judge this week to send
former Washington mayor Marion Barry to jail for failing to file his tax
returns for the eighth time in nine years.
In a motion, Assistant U.S. Attorney Tom Zeno said Barry, who's also
a current District of Columbia Council member did not file his taxes in
2007, violating his'probation for previous tax offenses.
Barry, 72, was given three years of probation in 2006 after pleading
guilty to misdemeanor charges for failing to file his tax returns from 1999
to 2004. As part of a plea bargain, he agreed to file future federal and
local tax returns annually.
Two years ago, however, prosecutors sought to have that probation
revoked after Barry failed to file his 2005 taxes. But U.S. Magistrate
Judge Deborah Robinson refused, ruling that prosecutors did not prove
Barry willfully failed to file his returns.
In the recent motion, prosecutors noted that Barry has now failed to file
his taxes on time for the eighth time in nine years and called his conduct

Volume 23 No. 20 Jacksonville, Florida February 12-18, 2009

l IA Mi.lm
A P I I-e%' I : I

"Copyrighted Material

Syndicated Contenti

Available from Commercial News Providers'

Tukufu Zuberi, Ritz Exec. Director Carol Alexander and WJCT
President Micheal Boylan at the Ritz Theater last week. T Austin photo
Black History Month The Ritz Theater and WJCT Channel
7 hosted a free reception and lecture featuring Tukufu Zuberi, one of
America's most important academic voices and host of PBS' The History
Detective. The celebrity guest brought his rich knowledge of history and
research to the First Coast as he discussed the historical impact of African
Americans on baseball in Northeast Florida with emphasis on the Negro

Tori Johnson (left) and Tonya Harris, students from Florida Coastal School of Law helped garner inter-
est on Kings Road for the free test being administered on the EWC Campus. D. Murphy photo

Ages 17-70

Respond at EWC

to National Call

for AIDS Testing
Last Saturday close to one hiun-
dred people, age 17 to 70, received
risk assessments for HIV/AIDS
and were tested for the disease at
Edward Waters College. It was part
of National Black HIV/AIDS
Awareness Day The event was
organized by River Region Human
Services and the Minority AIDS
"National Black HIV/AIDS
Awareness Day is a national mobi-
lization effort designed to encour-
age African-Americans across the
United States and Territorial Areas
to get educated, get tested, get
treated, and get involved with
HIV/AIDS, as it continues to dev-
astate Black communities," says
Steven Davis, a member of the
NBHAAD Strategic Leadership
Lolita Hill, Director of Outreach
for River Region Human Services,
was one of the leaders in a motor-
cycle ride that was held in conjunc-
tion with the event. "We make up
13% of the population, but 49%
percent of all cases of HIV/AIDS,"
she said. "Today's ride is about
awareness and education, getting
people tested so they will know
their status, and if they are positive,
getting them into care."

Whitehouse Lawyers to Crackdown on Selling Obama

You've seen it, he is everywhere.
Throughout the campaign season
up until now, President Barack
Obama's face has been plastered on
countless t-shirts, hats, mugs,
shoes, belt buckles, calendars and
other merchandise. Now, White
House lawyers are looking to crack
down on people trying to make a
buck off of Obama's image without
disregarding the public's First
Amendment rights.
"Our lawyers are working on
developing a policy that will protect
the presidential image while being
careful not to squelch the over-
whelming enthusiasm that the pub-
lic has for the president," said Jen
Psaki, White House spokeswoman.
Almost as marketable as his image
is his wildly popular campaign slo-
gan, "Yes We Can." Southwest

Ever since Pres. Obama was on the campaign trail, parapheralie from T-
shirts to cereal has been sold bearing his image.
Airlines had a "Yes You Can" sale, called "Yes Pecan." Furniture giant
advertising reduced fares. Ben & Ikea recently had an "Embrace
Jerry's features an ice cream flavor Change" marketing effort, which

also echoes Obama's campaign for
Other groups, such as the National
Education Association, are using
video of Obama's speeches in ads.
Even the First Family's name is
being marketed. A toymaker tried to
sell dolls, "Sweet Sasha" and
"Marvelous Malia," named after
Obama's daughters, but those plans
have been axed.
"Because he is the president of the
United States and there was this
campaign and everyone's proud, I
think the First Amendment will be
applied much more broadly with
respect to people wanting to use an
image of the president that it would
be with typical entertainment fig-
ures or sports figures," a D.C.
lawyer told Bloomberg News.

**1 F

x agu A,- MI X3 r x u Free arX, FIbruaryx12-18, 200

Lorillard Donates $1M to International
Civil Rights Center and Museum

On February, 1960, four African-American students from North
Carolina Agricultural & Technical College sat down at a segregated
lunch counter at a Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Black students were soon staging
throughout the South.
Lorillard Tobacco Company will
donate $1 million to the
International Civil Rights Center
and Museum to commemorate the
unique role that Greensboro played
in advancing the civil rights move-
ment. The Center will be located in
the original F.W. Woolworth build-
ing on downtown Greensboro's Elm
Street and will honor the sit-in of
February 1, 1960 that took place
there, and other civil rights accom-
plishments. The donation is part of
an additional $10 million in fund-
ing for the site that was announced
during the Center's 49th annual
awards gala on Saturday night.
According to Lorillard Chairman,
CEO and President Martin L.

"sit-ins" at segregated restaurants

Orlowsky, the opening of the muse-
um will bring recognition to the
role the city of Greensboro and its
citizens played, and continue to
play, in the civil rights movement.
"As a company that has based its
operations in Greensboro for more
than 50 years, Lorillard has wit-
nessed this community embrace,
support and nurture the rights of
individuals," he says. "We believe
that the Civil Rights Center will
have a profoundly positive impact
on our city and county. We look for-
ward to celebrating the historic
importance of Greensboro and its
brave young activists in launching
the national civil rights movement
50 years ago."

Greater Macedonia

Baptist Church

33rd Anniversary Festivities for Pastor
Landon Williams will continue on

February 15, 2009

Vondel Dingle fitness coordinator at Lincoln Villa Senior Center
addresses a crowd of walkers during the Mayor's Council on Fitness
and Well-Being Healthy Living Kickoff press conference as DCHD
Assistant Director Tim Lawther looks on.

Mayor Kicks Off Council

on Fitness and Well-Being

Mayor John Payton, in conjunc-
tion with the Duval County Health
Department, recently kicked off his
Council on Fitness and Well-Being
to launch three major city spon-
sored healthy living initiatives.
On the banks of the St. Johns
River at the Yates YMCA, the
Mayor unveiled the programs
which included: Identification
and promotion of health improve-
ment resources in Jacksonville; 2)
The Inaugural First Coast Worksite
Wellness Conference and
Jacksonville's Healthiest 100

Worksite Wellness Awards.
" The initiatives were launched to
help combat chronic health disease
which includes 62% of Duval
County adults are either overweight
or obese. In addition, more than
two-thirds of adults in Duval
County do not meet moderate phys-
ical activity guidelines most days of
the week. On a state and national
rate, Duval County's rates of hospi-
talizations and deaths from dia-
betes, heart disease, and stroke are
significantly higher.

Five Reasons to be Excited About 2008 Tax Returns

Some tax law changes from the
Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will
benefit taxpayers. There are at
least five reasons to be happy about
2008 tax returns:
1. Breathe Easier on the AMT
(Alternative Minimum Tax) The
AMT tax exemptions are higher for
1. $69,950 for a married couple
filing a joint return and qualifying
widows and widowers, up from
$66,250 in 2007 ;

- $34,975 for a married person fil-
ing separately, up from $33,125;
- $46,200 for singles and heads of
household, up from $44,350;
2. Standard Deductions Increased.
The IRS has indexed these deduc-
tions upward as follows:
- $10,900 for married couples fil-
ing a joint return and qualifying
widows and widowers, a $200
increase over 2007;
- $5,450 for singles and married
individuals filing separate returns;

- $8,000 for heads of household;
- Higher amounts apply to blind
people and senior citizens.
3. Exemptions Are Up. The value of
each personal and dependency
exemption is $3,500, up $100 from
2007. Most taxpayers can take per-
sonal exemptions for themselves
and an additional exemption for
each eligible dependent.
4. First-Time Homebuyer Credit.
With the crashing real-estate and,
credit markets, first-time homebuy-

ers face more hurdles than ever. But
the IRS is helping with a tax credit
of up to $7,500 that works much
like a 15-year interest-free loan. It
is available for homes bought from
April 9, 2008, to June 30, 2009.
5. Investment Taxes Lowered. The
five-percent tax rate on qualified
dividends and net capital gains is
reduced to zero.

Dr. Landon L. Williams

Special Anniversary

Worship Services

4:00 PM

The spoken word by Dr. John Guns

St Paul Missionary Baptist Church

Guest Church
First Missionary Baptist Church
of Jacksonville Beach,
Pastor Marvin McQueen
All services wil be held at
Greater Macedonia Baptist Church
1880 West Edgewood Avenue
Fo more inomto. ples e alShechrh t6-95

Cleo Parker Robinson Dance Ens'embl'e
/- .

Special appearance by the
Douglas Anderson School
of the Arts Dance Theater

1'11/ eS 0!s/iliwe(111!Oflb/e illtter ivinnd eo arkerRobiuison
Dance -linsemlble pcbetjbiliin "Passionaite bK1< Duilbai


4 A

Dr. John Guns

(0 2009 Florida Iottefy

Uptawn The Works at Uptown Sp"
Relaxer, SemWkwnanent Shampoo, Style,
Color, Cut, Pedicure & Relaxer, Cut, Permanent Color,
Manicure SemiwColor cut

$85 $75

February 12-18, 2009

PaLye 2 Ms. Perrv's Free Press

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 3

February 12 -1 8, 2009

S Minority Stock Ownership Continues

Falling and Declining in Market Downturn

History Teaching Begins at Home
Believing that teaching begins at home, Ms. Ruby Hurly (left) accompa-
nied her grandchildren and daughter to a visit to Kingsley Plantation. The
visit, which included free storytelling on the history of the national treas-
ure was part of a site visit requested by Danelle's school during Black
History Month. Shown above are Ruby Hurley, Danelle Johnson, Jahquez
House and LaVonne Hurley during their visit. Danelle, a 6th grader at ABC
Christian Academy, also had plans to visit Fort Clinch.

F W iell


The recent severe downturn in
the stock market may further reduce
stock ownership by African-
Americans and other minority
investors, new research suggests.
Minorities, who had long trailed
Whites in stock ownership, had
begun to catch up between 1992
and 2001.
But a new study found that those
gains largely disappeared between
2001 and 2004, which included the
major stock market downturn in
If minorities began bailing out of
the stock market during the 2002
decline, it's likely their rates of
stock ownership are going to con-
tinue to lag behind Whites and
maybe even fall further behind in
the current environment, said
Sherman Hanna, co-author of the
study and professor of consumer
sciences at Ohio State University.
"All the bad trends we saw in
minority stock ownership from
2001 to 2004 will probably contin-
ue for the next several years,
because, if anything, the conditions
low are even scarier for investors,"
lanna said.
Hanna conducted the study with
muzanne Lindamood, a Columbus

attorney. The results appear in the
current issue of the Journal of
Financial Counseling and Planning.
The researchers used data from
the Survey of Consumer Finances, a
survey of U.S. households conduct-
ed every three years for the Federal
Reserve System.
The most recent survey available
to researchers was done in 2004.
The survey collected data on all
types of stock ownership, including
mutual funds and retirement
The survey showed that the rate
of stock ownership by African
Americans increased from 16.8 per-
cent in 1992 to 34.2 percent in
2001. But the rate declined by near-
ly 12 percentage points to 22.5 per-
cent in 2004.
Hispanics had an even lower
level of stock ownership. About 28
percent of Hispanic households
owned stock in 2001, and that
dropped to 18.7 percent in 2004.
The rate of stock ownership
among White households increased
from 1992 to 2001, topping off at
57.5 percent. Unlike minority
investors, however, their rate didn't
drop significantly between 2001
and 2004 (the drop was less than

one percentage point).
Black and Hispanic households
did not have higher investments in
real estate or businesses that would
explain why they didn't invest as
much in the stock market, the study
Of course, part of the reason that
African Americans and Hispanics
don't invest as much as Whites is
that they have less income, and thus
less to invest.
This study confirmed that fact.
Moreover, the survey showed that
57 percent of Blacks and 65 percent
of Hispanics in 2004 said they were
unwilling to take risks with their
investments, compared to only 36
percent of Whites who held that
In a statistical analysis, the
researchers took into account the
lower income and lower risk toler-
ance of African Americans and
Hispanics and found that, even
then, stock ownership rates would
have decreased from 2001 to 2004.
Meantime, though, the White rate
would not have been predicted to
So why did minorities leave the
stock market between 2001 and
2004 at a higher rate than Whites?

Hanna suggests that minority
households' shorter investment his-
tory may have led more of them to
panic when the downturn occurred
in 2002.
"It may be that White investors
are more experienced with the stock
market, so that they are prepared for
the inevitable drops," he said.
"Minorities tend to be new
investors and may be scared off
more easily."
That's unfortunate, Hanna said.
"In the long run, you build wealth
by putting your money in high-
return investments, and there's no
better high-return investment for
most people than the stock market,"
he said.
"You know there are going to be
scary periods, but in the long run
investing in stocks is still a good
The best remedy may be
increased education, according to
"It is important that households
understand the long-term nature of
investments and how high-yield
investments like stocks perform
over the years when compared to
other types of savings and invest-

1Copyrighted Material

Syndicated Content

Available from Commercial News Providers"

Special programs being held at

Amelia Island for Black History Month

The Association for the Study of
African American Life and History
(ASALH), founders of Black
History Month, has teamed up with
Elderhostel, a non-profit organiza-
tion known worldwide for its
learning adventures, has put togeth-
er a number of special programs
that capture the spirit of Dr. Carter
G. Woodson, creator of Black
History Month and founder of
In the Jacksonville area will be a
program at Amelia Island entitled,
"Amelia Island: Golden Age on a
Golden Isle and the Battles for
Amelia" February 15 20, 2009.
Visitors will come to Amelia Island
to uncover the colorful characters
and fascinating stories of the
Victorian Era on Amelia Island
through local tales and visits to his-

toric churches and mansions. This
will include exploring the 19th-cen-
tury historic district and learn about
local architecture and modem his-
toric preservation efforts; reliving
remarkable stories of international
intrigue as you learn how French,
Spanish, British and pirate adven-
turers battled for control of
Amelia's coveted harbor. This also
includes an intriguing glimpse of
the Civil War from a very unusual
perspective, as well as a visit to
Kingsley plantation and Fort Clinch
overlooking Cumberland Sound
with a lecture by James Longacre,
an expert in African American
Studies and his wife, Mikolean,
who is a professional artist.
For more information or times,
call (404) 505-8188.

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l~- l-i I'l 1j 41 lli ~kjn j

February 12-18, 2009

Paue 4 Ms. Perrv's Free Press

Octuplet Mom Reinforces bankruptcy, and had a
mountain of debt, might
put the state (taxpayers) in
the in e Mother Sthock for the medical care
the~ SingleMothe~r Sti~ma and treatment of the octu-

Poor Get Snowed

in DTV Transition

by Earl Ofari against Cc
T Hutchinson of single
In her NBC isjusttoo
interview Octuplet mom Nadya gle mother
Suleman was irked at getting lems for
pounded for being a single mother Coulter to
with fourteen kids. Or in her words, Suleman
"it's not as controversial because blind to th
they're couples so its more accept- single mor
able." She had good reason to be pleading f(
irked, but she should be irked at off will fi
herself too for doing much to rein- tinnest oft
force that stigma. For the past half ing eight b
century single mothers have been then hintir
ritually dumped on by everyone baby maki

The demographic of who gets
pregnant and is single is pre-
dictable They're young, have
multiple births, are non college
educated, or even high school
educated, and invariably poor.

from liberal sociologists to all have b
Christian fundamentalists and even truth is thi
self-promoting gabber Ann Coulter. cause a ter
They are the fall women for every terribly in
real and perceived malady in socie- And the
ty; poverty, crime, drug use, per- mothers. A
sonal profligacy, welfare depend- percent of
ency, bad acting, and even worse marriage. I
performing students, and of course, cases the
family breakdown. way. The f
As for Coulter, she got ham- black and
mered for beating up on single all Sulema
mothers in her new book while let- even decac
ting the guys who shove the women far greater
into single motherhood skip away mothers.
scot free. This was more a hit mothers a

by Ron Daniels Me
On Inauguration Day in
Washington, D.C., there was a nation, w.
veritable sea of Red, White and Whites ha'
Blue as some two million proud dant than
Americans, including hundreds of Malcolm X
thousands of Black people, furious- to the exp
ly waved their American Flags on America,
the National Mall. This overt Plymouth
expression :of affection for the landed on
American Flag was somewhat out I must
of character' for Blacks, who have vocalistsN
been understandably ambivalent tapped to
about America's sacred symbols. add a lot o:
No doubt joining in this patriotic lyrics. But,
display was part of the pride the words "An
vast majority of Blacks felt in wit- the bombs
nessing one of the most extraordi- proof throi
nary "strides towards freedom" this flag was s
nation has ever achieved the flag" phras
swearing-in of the first Black In 1812 wh
President of the United States. But, crafted the
I was not among those waving the 95% of Afr
Flag on that historic day. I am still flag. Our I
ambivalent. I know what the Black on plantati(
National Anthem and the Red. was yieldir
Black and Green Flag mean to me, men with
however, I don't see myself, my enjoy. Other
people in the Red, White and Blue. verses of th
One of the most critical lessons with iron
to be learned from the study of his- hypocrisy.
tory is that culture is often a source clear, I am
of resiliency, resistance and inspi- pride to sal
ration for an oppressed people. As National A
America's most patient patriots new flag an
[African Americans have fought in Jean Jacqi
every one of this nation's wars], we Haiti the fir
need never apologize for any hesi- world in 18
tancy to wave or display the Flag or fighters di
to sing the National Anthem. I pre- Flag. They
fer the ambivalence and resistance white remc
toward the Flag because the trials, to signify ti
tribulations and triumphs of for the new
Africans in America are not imbed- South Afr
ded in this nation's sacred symbols, over aparth
The same could be said of Native created to s
Americans and other people of Similarl
color. Euro-ethnics have typically Flag to be '
had a different feeling towards the represents
Anthem and the Flag because and promise
America was founded as a White have come

oulter than a real defense
mothers. The perception
deeply ingrained that sin-
rs create babies and prob-
a momentary attack on
change that perception.
n is naive, in denial, or
[e power of the negative
n image to think that her
or the bashers to knock it
all on anything but the
;in ears. If anything, hav-
babies, on top of six, and
ig that her over the top
ng is a good thing with-
out a prospective
father sighting any-
where, fuels public
wrath over the folly
of babies and single
mothers even more.
But leaving aside
questions of moral
right, ethical propri-
ety or even Suleman's
legal responsibility,
been hotly debated, the
iat single mothers do not
rible society, but do fare
ere are a lot of single
At last count nearly 40
children are born out of
In the majority of those
mothers will stay that
figures for lower income
Hispanic women almost
n's age or a decade or
les younger than her are
than for unmarried white
The number of single
are inching up after a

here opportunities for
ve been far more abun-
for people of color. As
K aptly put it in referring
)erience of Africans in
"you didn't land on
Rock, Plymouth Rock
admit that the Black
who are increasingly
sing the Anthem really
f soul and passion to the
I cringe when I here the
d the rocket's red glare,
bursting in air, gave
ugh the night that our
till there." It's the "our
e that I find infuriating.
ien Frances Scott Keyes
"star spangled banner,"
icans in America had no
forebears were enslaved
ons where our free labor
ig wealth for free White
power and privilege to
er lines within the four
he Anthem are also laced
y, contradiction and
Let me be perfectly
willing to stand up with
ute the Flag and sing the
nthem, but it must be a
nd a new anthem. When
ue Dessalines declared
rst Black Republic in the
804, the Haitian freedom
didn't keep the French
created a new flag with
oved as an official color
he dawning of a new day
nation. When Blacks in
ica finally triumphed
eid, a new flag was also
show a new era.
y, I want the American
'our" flag, to be one that
the history, aspirations
e for all the people who
to be a part of this

decade long drop from the mid
1990s to 2005.
The demographic of who gets
pregnant and is single is predictable
They're young, have multiple
births, are non college educated, or
even high school educated, and
invariably poor. In their, Child
Wellbeing Study, Princeton
University researchers tracked
5,000 single mothers in who are
charitably called Fragile Families.
The women gave birth between
1998 and 2000 and all claimed that
they wanted to get married.
The wish didn't get any further
than a wish. In a follow-up survey,
most did not get married and a fair
share of them had more babies by
multiple partners. They had done
little to improve themselves educa-
tionally or boosted their income.
The Princteon findings are not
unique. This reinforces the belief
that single mothers are inherently
doomed to wallow in poverty and
want, and that their children are
doomed to be congenital gang
bangers, drive by shooters, and
drug peddlers and jail and early
cemetery fodder.
Many single mothers swear as
Suleman has that they will be good,
devoted and loving mothers and
that they will be able to foot the bill
for their children's care and
upbringing. That's not a small point
in the furor over single mothers.
The prospect that Suleman who's
not only a single mother but an
unemployed single mother who
filed workers compensation claims,

nation. Equally important our flag
must represent a nation which has
apologized for the transgressions of
the past and repaired the damages
suffered by Native Americans,
Africans and other people of color
during the course of America's his-
tory. Americans must never forget
that everyone who lives in this
country is, the beneficiary of the
conquest and dispossession of the
native peoples who were the origi-
nal inhabitants of this land. There is
still a trail of tears and broken
treaties which must be acknowl-
edged accompanied by an ungrudg-
ing policy of systematic repair of
the damage done to Native
Americans. Moreover, at a mini-
mum, an acknowledgement is
appropriate for the seizure of terri-
tory from Mexico in 1848 and the
subsequent mistreatment of
Mexicans in this country. The same
is in order for the unconscionable
use of quasi-slave labor, "coolies"
in the construction of the railroads
and other public works projects and
decades of discrimination, exclu-
sion and mistreatment of the
Finally, Americans need to
remember that the "peculiar institu-
tion" of enslavement and genera-
tions of segregation, lynching and
exclusion damaged and stymied the
growth and evolution ofAfricans in
America the effects of which are
still painfully evident today. The
government of the United States,
expressing the will of "we the peo-
ple," must have the vision and
courage to affirmatively and defi-
nitely address, redress and repair
the damage done to Africans in
America and other peoples cited
above to erase my
ambivalence/resistance to embrac-
ing the Flag and Anthem.

This is not a totally unfair con-
cern. Kaiser Hospital shelled out a
reported cool million for delivery,
treatment, and care costs for the
octuplets. Few single mothers, and
that certainly includes Suleman,
have a prayer of paying this cost
out of pocket. Suleman gave no
indication that she had a clue that
someone else will have to pay the
staggering cost of their ongoing
This is not to pass moral judg-
ment on Suleman's act, legions
have already done plenty of that.
Suleman may well prove her
scoffers, bashers, and revilers all
wrong. She may find a way to pay
the freight for all 14 children, pro-
vide them with a warm, stable and
loving home, and even stroll down
the aisle with a mate. This would
transform her from the poster sin-
gle mom for irresponsible induced
baby making to a true American
motherhood success story. She
would hardly be the first single
mother to become a productive,
paragon of achievement. Anything
is possible.
Whatever happens, Suleman was
right that single mother's do unfair-
ly get beat up on for creating soci-
etal's ills. Unfortunately Suleman
insured that the beating will contin-
Earl Ofari Hutchinson is an author
and political analyst. His new book is
How Obama Won (Middle Passage
Press, January 2009).

Our Flag
In other words, the Flag must
represent a more perfect union
based on a New Covenant for a
new America: a Covenant which
wholeheartedly embraces the
notion of the United States as a
multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, multi-
religious society with a system of
political and economic democracy
that ensures "liberty and justice for
all." And, there must be new or
modified sacred symbols which
reflect this new America. Then and
only then will I embrace the
American Flag as "our flag."
Dr Ron Daniels is President of the
Institute of the Black World 21st
Century and Distinguished Lecturer at
York College City University of New

The U.S. House of Representatives recently passed
the DTV Delay Act to postpone the Digital Transition
E l date from February 17, 2009 to June 12, 2009.
Digital Transition will end the era of analog broadcast
television as the nation's television stations go to all-digital systems.
Congress mandated the conversion to all-digital television broadcasting
because all-digital distribution will free up airwave frequencies for public
safety communications (such as police, fire, and emergency rescue). Digital
is also a more efficient transmission technology that allows broadcast sta-
tions to offer improved picture and sound quality, as well as offer consumers
more programming options through multiple broadcast streams (multicast-
ing). In addition, some of the freed up frequencies will be used by private
companies for advanced commercial wireless services for consumers.
UHF and VHF are the most commonly used frequency bands for trans-
mission of television signals. Consumers who receive over-the-air televi-
sion signals through antennas on television sets equipped with analog tuners
- and who do not subscribe to cable, satellite or a telephone company tele-
vision service provider will be affected by the transition. The reason for
the need for a delay is that Congress initially allocated only enough money
for the neediest in the nation to get the coupons. But, when broadcasters
blitzed the airwaves with $1 billion worth of ads encouraging the less needy
to apply for the coupons it contributed to a shortage of coupons for the
The delay is a victory for Obama and Democrats in Congress, who main-
tain that the Bush administration mismanaged efforts to ensure that all con-
sumers particularly poor, rural and minority Americans would be pre-
pared for the switchover. Obama's administration sought the delay because
the government program to provide coupons for converter boxes needs more
money and time to find funding for the 2 million-deep voucher waiting list.
Demand for the government coupons for converter boxes that allow old TVs
to receive the new digital signals was been higher than expected.
At least 19.6 million households receive over-the-air signals exclusively
in their homes, and 14.9 million households have secondary over-the-air tel-
evision sets in bedrooms or kitchens. Overall, nearly 70 million television
sets risk losing their signals. The Nielsen Co. says 12.5 percent of African
American households (1.7) million television viewers with analog sets that
use rooftop antennas or "rabbit ears" risk losing their TV signal if they do
not request converter box coupons. Ending analog broadcasts frees up
valuable space in the nation's airwaves for commercial wireless services and
emergency-response networks. The federal government is pocketing $19
billion from selling the analog TV spectrum while people with analog TVs
have to spend their own money to purchase converter boxes. This validates
the fact that everyone affected by the digital switch should, at least, be able
to get $40 coupons to buy converter boxes which generally cost between
$40 and $80 each.
The coordination for the transition had been in place for years. The delay
will be optional for broadcasters, hundreds of whom are being negatively
affected. Public Broadcasting System (PBS) president and CEO Paula
Kerger says, "Delaying the digital TV transition four months will cost pub-
lic broadcasters $22 million" and stations will face increased power charges
to maintain over-the-air broadcast signals. She says many have leases for
signal transmitters that were due to expire on the initial date of the switch
over and will have to make new arrangements. The National Association of
Broadcasters will provide television spots to promote the June 12 deadline
toward raising consumer awareness and helping them prepare.
If Congress sets aside more money for digital TV coupons, this time the
money should be directed to the poor, not billionaires. Consumers who want
to keep using their analog TV antennas can purchase a TV converter box
using a $40 government coupon. The U.S. Department of Commerce's
National Telecommunications and Information Administration run the TV
Converter Box Coupon Program. Households can apply for up to two
coupons online at www.DTV2009.gov, by calling 1-888-DTV-2009 (1-888-
388-2009), or by mail to PO Box 2000, Portland, OR 97208.



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P.O. Box 43580
Jacksonville, FL 32203

Rita Perry


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y Reginald
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903 W. Edgewood Ave. (904) 634-1993
Jacksonville, FL 32208 Fax (904) 765-3803
Email: JfreePress@aol.com

Sylvia Perry

Managing Editor

IBUTORS: Lynn Jones, Charles Griggs, Camilla Thompson,
I Fullwood, E.O.Huthcinson, William Reed, Andre X, Brenda Burwell,
Sapp, Marsha Oliver, Marretta Latimer, Phyllis Mack, Carlottra
Brenda Burwell, Rhonda Silver,Vickie Brown, Rahman Johnson,

The United State provides oppor-
tunities for free expression of ideas.
The Jacksonville Free Press has its
view, but others may differ.
Therefore, the Free Press ownership
reserves the right to publish views
and opinions by syndicated and
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and other writers' which are solely
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P.O. BOX 43580, JACKSONVILLE, FL 32203

king the American Flag


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t-m!) AL MW JL V JEL %X W JL AL MW AL IT) plets drew loud howls of

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 5

.41 75. Hank .are prmd to

blp kLd chaw their dream

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News Provid ers

0 -P..W 41-1P. -
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Former Klansmen apologizes for

Elwin Wilson, who spent his early
years making life miserable for
Blacks, could have gone to his
grave with the truth about ugly
actions of the 1960s. But, in a stun-
ning admission following a lifetime
of baggage, he fessed up about a
brutal act that has haunted him for
The former Klansman, who now
lives in Rock Hill, S.C., says that he
was the member of an angry White
mob who in May 1961 attacked a
group of students from a local
Black college as they got off a bus
to try and integrate a local dime
store lunch counter.
"Well, at the time, it felt....I felt
like somebody going to play golf
and getting a hole in one," he told
the Chicago Tribune. "I'm ashamed
to say that's what I remember feel-
ing. That's how good it felt."
But that was then.
Last month, the 72-year-old
Wilson read a story in the Rock Hill
newspaper about the hatred the col-
lege students faced, and how they
had been attacked. One of those
beaten by Wilson and his gang was
a young civil rights activist named
John Lewis, now a Democratic U.S.
congressman from Georgia. But it
wasn't Wilson's only act of hatred.
"We used to catch Blacks late at
night; we'd catch them walking
down the sidewalks and throw can-
taloupes at them," he said. "Or,

we'd get out the car and beat them,
and it wouldn't be four or five
jumping on one. We'd make it one
on one and the others would watch.
... "There were many incidents of
us stopping people. I'm not brag-
ging about it. I'm ashamed of it. 1
wish I could take steps backwards
but I'm taking steps forwards."
Last week, Wilson traveled to
Washington, D.C., to apologize to
Lewis for the hate he displayed 48
years earlier. Wilson told the
Tribune that his son "cried like a
hnhv as the details started to come

- 0o -m-

beating Lewis
out this week" in Lewis' office. "A
friend said to me, 'If you died right
now, do you know where you'd
go?' I said, 'To hell.' 1 just had a lot
on my shoulders and in my heart,"
Wilson said. "I just wanted to get
right with people. It took me years
to know what I did was wrong."
Lewis told the Tribune, "He was
very, very sincere, and I think it
takes a lot of raw courage to be
willing to come forward the way he
did. ... I think it will lead to a great
deal of healing."

mua.. yp agsbiedwik

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Maturity is Needed to Make an
Informed Choice
We all agree that children should not smoke.
Until a person has the maturity to understand and
appreciate the consequences of smoking, they should
be discouraged on all fronts. Parents, teachers,
guardians and mentors should talk to young people
about not smoking. Retail stores must be diligent
in carding consumers to ensure that no one under
the legal age purchases cigarettes. These and
many other preventive
measures some funded so% -
by the tobacco industry- ie2th Hispani
are being aggressively Graders Graders
practiced. 40%

Youth Prevention 30% '
Measures Are Working
The good news is .
that these measures are 20%
working. According to
the 2008 Monitoring the 10%
Future study conducted Afican-American
by the National Institute 12thGraders
of Drug Abuse and the 0o% . .
University of Michigan, '77 '82 '87 *
the teen smoking rates
are "at or near record lows."~ The study also reported
that the smoking rate for 12th graders is at its
lowest rate since the study started tracking smoking
behavior 33 years ago.
The results in the black community are the most
encouraging. The Monitoring the Future study found
that smoking rates among African American youth
are dramatically lower than that of other race groups.
Specifically, the study of 12th graders showed the
rate of white students who reported using cigarettes
within the prior 30 days of the survey is more than

twice the rate for African American students; and
that the rate for Hispanics is nearly one and one-half
times that for African American students."

Lorillard Markets to Adults
Some claim that there is a conspiracy by the
tobacco industry to target African American youth.
We believe that such a claim has no basis.The people
who comprise Lorillard Tobacco Company have
families too, and are concerned about the health and
well-being of our children.
We represent all races and
walks of life. Further, we
share a common set of
beliefs: that farmers have
a right to make a living
by growing tobacco, as
they have in this country
since before it was the
United States; that tobacco
companies have a right to
manufacture and market
" products to adults who
choose to smoke; and that
convenience stores and
92 '97 '02 '07 tobacconists have a right
to sell them to adults.

Adults who understand the risks of smoking should
continue to have the right to choose to smoke and to
smoke the brand of cigarettes that they prefer.
To help preserve and protect those rights, visit
www.mentholchoice.com and learn more.
'Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, R M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (December 11, 2008). "More
good news on teen smoking: Rates at or near record lows:' University of Michigan News Service:
Ann Arbor, MI, http://www.drugabuse.gov/Newsroom/08/MTF2008Tobacco.pdf
"Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (December 11, 2008).
"Trends in 30-Day Prevalence of Use of Cigarettes by Subgroups in Grade 12" University of
Michigan News Service: Ann Arbor, MI, http://monitoringthefuture.org/data/08data/pr08cig8.pdf




February 12-18, 2009

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11% 10- NanakJ-J

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. .

PaLe 6 Ms. Perrv's Free Press

Central CME Hosting Free Couples
and Singles Valentine Seminar
Pastor Clarence K. Heath, of Central Metropolitan Christian Methodist
Episcopal (CME) Church, 4611 Pearl Street, w ill host a Couples and
Singles Seminar to minister to and provide support for those who are sin-
gle: never married, divorced, or widowed. The seminar is at no charge.
RSVP in advance your attendance and guests at 354-7426. It will be held
on Saturday, February 14th from 9:00 a.m.- 12:00 p.m.
House of God Invites Community
to Celebrate Sabbath Day
The House of God, located at 1916 Meharry Avenue, will host the Florida
State Meeting which is comprised of Sabbath Day churches throughout the
State of Florida. The presiding official will be the State Superintendent
Bishop James W. Paschal. The community is invited to come out and wor-
ship on Friday, February 20, 2009, beginning at 8:00 p.m. and Saturday,
February 21, 2009, beginning at 10:30 a.m. For directions to the church or
to learn more about the significance of the Sabbath Day, call 764-4444.

Greater Grant A.M. E. Church Family
and Friends Weekend Feb. 21 & 22
Members of the Greater Grant A.M.E. Church invite the community to
participate in their Annual Family and Friends Weekend Celebration on
Saturday, February 21, 2009 and Sunday, February 22, 2009.
The festivities of activities will begin on Saturday, February 21, 2009 at
9:00 a.m. with a family fun day that will include a carnival for everyone.
There will be sack races, kite flying contest, hula hoop contests, bouncy
house, games, and of course food to enjoy.
On Sunday, February 22, 2009, beginning at 10:00, join in on the spirit
filled message of Bishop William DeVeaux, who presides over the 16th
Episcopal District of the A.M.E. Church.

Mt. Olive AME Pastor & Choirs

Perform at Kingsley Feb. 14
Rev. Granville W. Reed III & The Mt. Olive AME Choir & Children's
Choir, will appear at the Kingsley Plantation Heritage Celebration, "The Art
of Song," at 2 p.m., Saturday, February 14th.
The Art of Song will present American music that has been influenced
by the experience of slavery, particularly, Gospel music. Rev. Joshua
Wiggins and the Living Truth Ministries Choir; and the Community
Blessings Youth Choir of Jacksonville, which features fourteen youth from
the Florence N. Davis Center transitional housing program, will perform in
six various languages at 3 p.m.

Confusion and elation appear on the faces of Bennie and Daisy
Rev. Edward and Yolanda Brown perform Luther Vandross' "Never Weston (back) as well as Leandrew and Brenda Mills (front) as they
Too Much". play the "Newly and Seasonedly Wed Game" hosted by April Lewis.

Song, Dance, Fun and Games Highlight Dayspring's Annual Valentine's Day Program

Dayspring Baptist Church did
more than dance in the spirit of fun
last Friday at their annual
Valentine's Day Love Program
sponsored by the Men's Christian
Fellowship Ministry.
Held in the church's fellowship
hall, this year's program featured
musical talent, dancing fun, and
interactive games of trivia and rela-
Joe Simmons and the Rockette
showed the Dayspring saints how
it's done with their smooth sliding
dance and rhythmic turns they have
become known for.
The soulful sounds of Yolanda
Brown accompanied by the jazzy
guitar of her husband, Rev. Edward
Brown, had the audience clapping
and singing with them to Luther
Vandross' "Never Too Much." Elder
David Jamison and his wife Sandra
also had the audience swaying with
them to their touching duet of Stevie
Wonder's "You and I".

Lots of laughs, smooches, and
elbow punches were products of the
"Newly and Seasonedly Wed
Game" hosted by April Lewis. In
the hot seat sat couples of varying
years of marriage: Bennie and Daisy
Weston (50+) Leandrew and Brenda
Mills (30+), Shawn and Jackie
Townes (9) and newlyweds Pastor
Jeffrey and Katrina Rumlin.
When Lewis asked, "What item of
clothing would you want your wife
to get rid of?" Pastor Rumlin played
it safe and responded, "nothing", but
his spouse guessed he would have
said her "head scarf'.
To the same question, the Mills'
weren't as sweet.
"He better had said nothing", said
Mrs. Mills, but he had previously
answered all of her "pants that are
too small".
A smooch was rewarded when the
Mrs. Jackie Townes correctly
guessed that the New York Giants
was her husband's favorite sports

The audience couldn't keep ."
from laughing when the
Westons responded to the ques-
tion about how many relation-
ships the husband had before he
met his wife. Weston answered,
"one", but his wife said, "It was
a surprise to me!" More laughs
came when the Mills' described
the last kiss that was given that
day. With confidence ,
Leandrew Mills said that his '
kisses were always "ooh la la",
but his wife replied only "so-
so". Their answers earned them Joe Simmons shares a smiling after
the first place spot. .
the first place spot. performing with the Rockettes.
T he evening's fun continued

with William Hines hosting a game
of trivia on Bible knowledge, music,
and Black History. Boxes of choco-
lates were awarded to over twenty
correctly responding participants.
After remarks and benediction,
JeLissa Taylor led the young and
young at heart in moments of danc-

ing fun as they moved to thme
"Electric Slide", grooved with the
"Cupid Love Slide", jumped on it
with the "Bird Walk," and then
"Stepped in the Name of Love."
Closing 'remarks 'Were given by
Pastor Jeffrey Rumlin and benedic-
tion by Rev. Edward Brown

Bethel Baptist Institutional Church
215 Bethel Baptist Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202 (904) 354-1464

Weekly Services

Seeking the lost for Christ
Matthew 28:19 20

Pastor Landon Williams

8:00 A.M. Early Morning Worship
9:30 a.m. Sunday School
11:00 a.m. Morning Worship
Tuesday Evening 7 p.m. Prayer Service
Wednesday Bible Study 6:30 7 p.m.
Mid-Week Worship 7 p.m.
Radio Weekly Broadcast WCGL 1360 AM
Sunday 2 PM 3 PM

Pastor Rudolph
McKissick, Sr.
Senior Pastor

Sunday Morning Worship
7:40 a.m. and 10:45 a.m.
Church school
9:30 a.m.
The Word from the Sons
and Daughters of Bethel
3rd Sunday 3:30 p.m.

Midweek Services
Wednesday Noon Service
"Miracle at Midday"
12 noon-1 p.m.

Dinner and Bible Study
at 5:00 p.m. 6:30 p.m.

Come share In Holy Communion on Ist Sunday at 4:50 p.m.

Pastor Rudolph
McKissick, Jr.
Senior Pastor

Radio Ministry
WCGL 1360 AM Thursday 8:15 -8:45 a.m.
AM 1400 Thursday 7:00 8:00 p.m.
TV Ministry
WTLV Channel 12 Sunday's at 6:30 a.m.

Grace and Peace

5863 Moncrief Rd. Jacksonville, FL 32209 (904) 768-8800 FAX 764-3800

* *A Full Gospel Baptist Church *

Join Us for One of Our Services
Early Worship 8:00 a.m.
Sunday School 9:15 a.m.
Morning Worship 10:45 a.m.
1st Sunday 3:45 p.m.

Lord's Supper & Baptism
3rd Sunday 7:00 p.m.
** *****
Bible Study 7:00 p.m.

Noon Day Worship

Youth Church 7:00 p.m.

I T h e C h u r c h T h a t R e a ces p*oeo d a d u t t o Ma.

Sunday School
9 a.m.
Morning Worship
10 a.m.
Lord's Supper
Second Sunday
3:00 p.m.
Evening Worship
Every 3rd & 4th
4 :00 p.m.

A church

that's on the

move in

worship with

prayer, praise

and power!


Pastor Robert Lecount, Jr

School of Ministry Tuesday at 7:00 p.m.

Thursday High Praise Worship 7:00 p.m.

2061 Edgewood Avenue West, Jacksonville, Florida 32208
(904) 765-5683 Email:dccfmbc@yahoo.com

~" ~V:

February 12-18, 2009

Pastor Ernie Murray
Welcomes you!

. "V,%' kp ITAa. x %,I I.Y a A -



Racial unrest and violence against African Americans permeated domestic developments in the United States during the post-World War 1 era. From individual
lynching to massive violence against entire African American communities, whites in both the North and the South lashed out against African Americans with a
rage that knew few bounds. From Chicago to Tulsa, to Omaha, East St. Louis, and many communities in between, and finally to Rosewood, white mobs pursued
what can only be described as a reign of terror against African Americans during the period from 1917 to 1923.



The Rosewood Massacre is now written in
history as one of the worst race riots in
American history, in which hundreds of an-
gry whites killed an undetermined number
of blacks and burnt down their Florida com-
In 1922 Rosewood, Florida, was a small,
predominantly black town. During the win-
ter of 1922, two events in the vicinity of
Rosewood aggravated local race relations:
the murder of a white schoolteacher in
nearby Perry, which led to the murder of
three blacks, and a Ku Klux Klan rally in
Gainesville on New Year's Eve.
On New Year's Day of 1923, Fannie Tay-
lor, a young white woman living in Sumner,
claimed that a black man sexually assaulted
her in her home. A small group of whites
began searching for a recently escaped black
convict named Jesse Hunter, whom they
believed to be responsible. They incarcer-
ated one suspected accomplice, Aaron Car-
rier, and lynched another, Sam Carter. The
men then targeted Aaron's cousin Sylvester
Carrier, a fur trapper and private music in-
structor, who was rumored to be harboring
Jesse Hunter.A group of 20 to 30 white men
went to Sylvester Carrier's house to confront
him. They shot his dog, and when his
4a mother, Sarah, stepped outside to talk with
the men, they shot her.
Sylvester killed two men and wounded
four in the shoot-out that ensued. After the



men left, the women and children, who prior
to this had gathered in Carrier's house for
protection, fled to the swamp where the ma-
jority of Rosewood's residents had already
sought refuge.
The white men returned to Carrier's house
the following evening. After a brief shoot-
out, they entered the house, found the bodies
of Sarah Carrier and a black man whom they
believed to be Sylvester Carrier, and set the
residence on fire.
The men then proceeded to rampage
through Rosewood, torching other buildings
and slaughtering animals. They were joined
by a mob of about 200 whites who con-
verged on Rosewood after finding out that a
black man had killed two whites.That night
two local white train conductors, John and
William Bryce, who knew all of Rosewood's
residents, picked up the black women and
children and took them to Gainesville. John
Wright, a white general store owner who hid
a number of black women and children in
his home during the riot, planned and helped
carry out this evacuation effort. The African
Americans who escaped by foot headed for
Gainesville or for other cities in the northern
United States.
By the end of the weekend all of Rose-
wood was leveled except for the Wright
house and the general store. Although the
state of Florida claimed that only eight peo-
ple died in the Rosewood riot-two whites



and six blacks-testimonies by survivors
suggest that more African Americans per-
ished. No one was charged with the Rose-
wood murders. After the riot, the town was
deserted and even blacks living in surround-
ing communities moved out of the area.
Although the Rosewood riot received na-
tional coverage in the New York Times and
the Washington Post as it unfolded, it was
neglected by historians. Survivors of Rose-
wood did not come forward to tell their story
because of the shame they felt for having
been connected with the riot. They also kept
silent out of fear of being persecuted or

killed. In 1993 the Florida Department of
Law Enforcement conducted an investiga-
tion into the case, and this led to the drafting
of a bill to compensate the survivors of the
After an extended debate and several hear-
ings, the Rosewood Bill, which awarded
$150,000 to each of the riot's nine eligible
black survivors, was passed in April 1994.
In spite of the state's financial compensation,
the survivors remained frightened. When
asked if he would go back to Rosewood,
survivor Wilson Hall said, "No, ... They still
don't want me down there."

Tulsa, Oklahoma Race Riots, May 30, 1921

Although the number of lynching had de-
clined from 64 in 1921 to 57 in 1922. In
1921 Tulsa was the site of one of the worst
race riots in U.S. history. From the evening
of May 31s, to the afternoon of June 1,
1921. more Americans killed fellow Ameri-
cans in the Tulsa riot than probably anytime
since the Civil War.
The official death count in the days fol-
lowing the riot was around 35, but evidence
has surfaced through an investigation to sug-
gest that at least 300 people were killed.
Rumors still persist that hundreds, not doz-
ens, of people were killed and that bodies
were crudely buried in mass graves, stuffed
into coal mines and tossed into the Arkansas
River. If so, the Tulsa race riot would go
down as the worst single act of domestic
violence on U. S. soil since the Civil War;
worse than the 1965 Watts riot, the 1967
Detroit riot, the 1992 Los Angeles riot and
the 1995 Oklahoma city bombing.
Those events left a total of 301 dead. Two
days of violence and arson directed by
whites against African American neighbor-
hoods left hundreds dead, hundreds injured,
and more than 1500 African American
owned homes and 600 businesses destroyed.
Also destroyed in the African American
neighborhoods were 21 churches, 21 restau-
rants, 30 stores, 2 movie theaters, a hospital,
a bank, the post office, libraries, and

On May 30, 1921, a 19-year-old African
American shoeshine man named Dick Row-
land entered the Drexal building downtown
to use the segregated restroom. While ap-
proaching the elevator, which apparently
hadn't stopped evenly with the floor, Mr.
Rowland tripped and fell on the. operator, a
17-year-old white girl named Sarah Page.
Ms. Page not knowing it was accidental at-
tempts to hit Mr. Rowland with her purse.
Mr. Rowland grabs Ms. Page, attempting to
stop her assault. Ms. Page screams, Mr.
Rowland runs out of the elevator and the
building. Ms. Page tells the police that the
man had attempted to criminally assault her.
Ms. Page later changes her story and said he
grabbed her. Authorities arrested Mr. Row-
land and held him overnight in the county
jail, though Ms. Page declined to press
The following day, the Tulsa Tribune ran
a story in the afternoon edition headlined,
"Nab Negro For Attacking Girl In Elevator,"
and added a racially charged editorial calling
for a lynching. That evening a crowd of
about 400 whites gather around the jail,
some say to help with or view the lynching.
Shortly there after, the news reached the
African American community. A group of
about 25 African Americans, all armed head
to the jail.

When they arrive, they find out the story to the local police.
Within a week of the riot,

had been exaggerated. After talking to the
deputy sheriff, whom reassured them no
harm would come to Mr. Rowland, the Afri-
can Americans went home. But later they
returned, this time numbering about 75.
Again the sheriff convinced them no harm
would come to Mr. Rowland. As they were
leaving a white man (possibly a deputy)
attempted to disarm one of them. A shot was
fired. By 10pm shots were being fired indis-
criminately by both sides, 12 men were dead
(2 African Americans, 10 whites). The fight-
ing continued until around midnight.
The African Americans, being outnum-
bered, begin to retreat back to their section
of town. Mobs of whites began to drive
around the streets, shooting any African
American person they saw. Sometime near
lam, the mayor and the chief of police sent a
message to the governor, informing him that
the riot was out of control and requested
assistance. The governor activated the Okla-
homa National Guard and requested two
companies of soldiers from Fort Sill. The
first group of guardsmen arrived before
2:30am. By 5am, a mob of 10,000-15,000
whites gathered near First St. and Elgin then
marched on Greenwood, setting fire to every
building standing.
Friday, June 3rd martial law was revoked
and the national guard returned the city back

African Americans were made to carry
"green cards". African Americans working
in a permanent jobs wore "green cards",
signed by their employer as a matter of iden-
tification. Employers would go to the issuing
location to identify the employee, then the
employee would be issued the "green card".
Any African American found in the streets
without a "green card" were to be arrested
after Tuesday, June 7th and taken to the fair-
grounds camp to help the African American
victims of the riot. More than 7,500 cards
were issued.
The Greenwood District was rebuilt, but
never again achieved the national reknown
and economic status it had enjoyed as the
country's "Negro Wall Street". Now Okla-
homa officials are opening up a nearly 80-
year-old wound, conducting an investigation
to find out once and for all what happened in
Tulsa on May 31st and June 1,1921. Investi-
gators intend to sweep metal-detection de-
vices over a suspected site in search of belt
buckles, shoe nails and other evidence that
might suggest a mass grave. If investigators
find something, they may excavate the site
to search for remains. The main aims of the
project are to spur healing and closure in
Tulsa and possibly to offer survivors and
descendants of victims some sort of repara-


A burning house in Rosewood, FL in January 4, 1923.

Lynching The Tuskegee Experiment,

ilsa Riots to..O

SInsurrectons thatImaed B s
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The Tuskegee Experiment

Black men were told they were being treated for an illness, instead
they were monitored as doctors watched as they died from syphilis

In 1932 the American Government
promised 400 men all residents of
Macon County, Alabama, all poor, all
African American free treatment for
Bad Blood, a euphemism for syphilis
which was epidemic in the county.
Treatment for syphilis was never
given to the men and was in fact with-
held. The men became unwitting sub-
jects for a government sanctioned
medical investigation: The Tuskegee
Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Ne-
gro Male.
The Tuskegee Study, which lasted for 4
decades, until 1972, had nothing to do with
treatment. No new drugs were tested; neither
was any effort made to establish the efficacy
of old forms of treatment. It was a non-
therapeutic experiment, aimed at compiling
data on the effects of the spontaneous evolu-
tion of syphilis on black males. What has
become clear since the story was broken by
Jean Heller in 1972 was that the Public
Health Service (PHS) was interested in us-
ing Macon County and its black inhabitants
as a laboratory for studying the long-term
effects of untreated syphilis, not in treating
this deadly disease. These men, for the most
part illiterate sharecroppers from one of
the poorest counties in Alabama, were never
told what disease they were suffering from
or of its seriousness. The data for the experi-
ment was to be collected from autopsies of
the men, and they were thus deliberately left
to degenerate under the ravages of tertiary
syphilis which can include tumors, heart
disease, paralysis, blindness, insanity, and
death. "As I see it," one of the doctors in-
volved explained, "we have no further inter-
est in these patients until they die."
Using Human Beings as
Laboratory Animals
The Tuskegee Study symbolizes the medi-
cal misconduct and blatant disregard for
human rights that takes place in the name of
science. The studies principal investigators
were not mad scientists, they were govern-
ment physicians, respected men of science,
who published reports on the study in the
leading medical journals. The subjects of the
study bear witness to the premise that the
burden of medical experimentation has his-
torically been borne by those least able to
protect themselves.
The true nature of the experiment had to

be kept from the sub-
jects to ensure their
cooperation. The
sharecroppers' grossly
disadvantaged lot in
life made them easy to
manipulate. Pleased at
the prospect of free
I medical care -almost
none of them had ever
seen a doctor before--
these unsophisticated
and trusting men be-
came the pawns in what James Jones, author
of the excellent history on the subject, Bad
Blood, identified as "the longest non thera-
peutic experiment on human beings in medi-
cal history."
The government doctors who participated
in the study failed to obtain informed con-
sent from the subjects in a study of disease
with a known risk to human life. Instead, the
PHS offered the men incentives to partici-
pate: free physical examinations, free rides
to and from the clinics, hot meals on exami-
nation days, free treatment for minor ail-
ments, and a guarantee that a burial stipend
would be paid to their survivors. This mod-
est stipend of $50.00 represented the only
form of burial insurance that many of the
men had. By failing to obtain informed con-
sent and offering incentives for participa-
tion, the PHS doctors were performing un-
ethical and immoral experiments on human
subjects. From the moment the experiment
begun, the immorality of the experiment was
blatantly apparent.
The study was meant to discover how
syphilis affected blacks as opposed to
whites -the theory being that whites ex-
perienced more neurological complications
from syphilis, whereas blacks were more
susceptible to cardiovascular damage. How
this knowledge would have changed clinical
treatment of syphilis is uncertain.
Although the PHS touted the study as one
When the experiment was brought to the
attention of the media in 1972, news anchor
Harry Reasoner described it as an experi-
ment that "used human beings as laboratory
animals in a long and inefficient study of
how long it takes syphilis to kill someone."
A Heavy Price in the
Name of Bad Science
By the end of the experiment, 28 of the
men had died of syphilis, 100 were dead of
related complications, 40 of their wives had
been infected, and 19 of their children had
been born with congenital syphilis.
To persuade the community to support the
experiment, one of the original doctors ad-
mitted it "was necessary to carry on this
study under the guise of a demonstration and
provide treatment." At first, the men were
prescribed the syphilis remedies of the
day-but in such small amounts that only 3
percent showed any improvement.
These token doses of medicine were good
public relations and did not interfere with
the true aims of the study. Eventually, all

syphilis treatment was replaced with "pink
medicine" AKA aspirin.
To ensure that the men would show up for
a painful and potentially dangerous spinal
tap, the PHS doctors misled them with a
letter full of promotional hype: "Last
Chance for Special Free Treatment." The
fact that autopsies would eventually be re-
quired was also concealed.
As a doctor explained, "If the colored
population becomes aware that accepting
free hospital care means a post-mortem,
every darky will leave Macon County..."
Even the U.S. Surgeon General participated
in enticing the men to remain in the experi-
ment, sending them certificates of apprecia-
tion after 25 years in the study.
Following Doctors' Orders
It takes little imagination to ascribe racist
attitudes to the white government officials
who ran the experiment, but what can one
make of the numerous African Americans
who collaborated with them? The experi-
ment's name comes from the Tuskegee Insti-
tute, the black university founded by Booker
T. Washington. Its affiliated hospital lent
the PHS its medical facilities for the study,
and other predominantly black institutions as
well as local black doctors also participated.
A black nurse, Eunice Rivers, was a central
figure for most of its forty years.
The promise of recognition by a prestig-
ious government agency may have obscured
the troubling aspects of the study for some.
A Tuskegee doctor, for example, praised
"the educational advantages offered our in-
terns and nurses as well as the added stand-
ing it will give the hospital." Nurse Rivers
explained her role as one of passive obedi-
ence: "we were taught that we never diag-
nosed, we never prescribed; we followed the
doctor's instructions!"
It is clear that the men in the experiment
trusted her and that she sincerely cared about
their well-being, but her unquestioning sub-
mission to authority eclipsed her moral judg-
ment. Even after the experiment was ex-
posed to public scrutiny, she genuinely felt
nothing ethical had been amiss.
One of the worst aspects of the experi-
ment was how the PHS kept these men from
receiving treatment. When several nation-
wide campaigns to eradicate venereal dis-
ease came to Macon County, the men were
prevented from participating. Even when
penicillin, the first real cure for syphilis -
was discovered in the 1940s, the Tuskegee
men were deliberately denied the medica-
Blowing the Whistle
The story finally broke in the Washington
Star on July 25, 1972, in an article by Jean
Heller of the Associated Press. Her source
was Peter Buxtun, a former PHS venereal
disease interviewer and one of the few whis-
tle blowers over the years. The PHS, how-
ever, remained unrepentant, claiming the
men had been "volunteers" and "were al-
ways happy to see the doctors," and an Ala-
bama state health officer who had been in-

volved claimed "somebody is trying to make
a mountain out of a molehill."
Under the glare of publicity, the govern-
ment ended their experiment, and for the
first time provided the men with effective
medical treatment for syphilis. Fred Gray, a
lawyer who had previously defended Rosa
Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr. filed a
class action suit that provided a $10 million
out-of-court settlement for the men and their
families. Gray, however, named only whites
and white organizations as defendants in the
suit, portraying Tuskegee as a black and
white case when it was in fact more complex
than that -black doctors and institutions
had been involved from beginning to end.
The PHS did not accept the media's com-
parison of Tuskegee with the appalling ex-
periments performed by Nazi doctors on
Jews during World War II. Yet in addition to
the medical and racist parallels, the PHS
offered the same morally bankrupt defense
offered at the Nuremberg trials: they
claimed they were just carrying out orders ,
exempt from personal responsibility.
On July 23, 1973, Fred Gray, a prominent
civil rights lawyer, brought a $1.8 billion
class action civil suit against many of those
institutions and individuals involved in the
study. Gray demanded $3 million in dam-
ages for each living participant and the heirs
of the deceased. The case never came to
trial. In December, 1974, the government
agreed to a $10 million out of court settle-
ment. The living participants each received
$37,500 in damages, the heirs of the de-
ceased, $15 000. Gray received nearly $1
million in legal fees. Had the subjects of The
Tuskegee Study been taken advantage of?
Although the survivors and the families of
the deceased received compensation, no
PHS officer who had been directly involved
in the study felt contrition. No apologies
were ever tendered; no one ever admitted
any wrong doing. On the contrary, the PHS
officers made it clear that they felt they were
acting in good conscience. They felt be-
trayed by the government's failure to defend
the study they commissioned. But as one
survivor said "...I don't know what they used
us for. I ain't never understood the study."
The Legacy of Tuskegee
In 1990, a survey found that 10 percent of
African Americans believed that the U.S.
government created AIDS as a plot to exter-
minate blacks, and another 20 percent could
not rule out the possibility that this might be
true. As preposterous and paranoid as this
may sound, at one time the Tuskegee experi-
ment must have seemed equally farfetched.
Who could imagine the government, all
the way up to the Surgeon General of the
United States, deliberately allowing a group
of its citizens to die from a terrible disease
for the sake of an ill-conceived experiment?
In light of this and many other shameful
episodes in our history, African Americans'
widespread mistrust of the government and
white society in general should not be a sur-
prise to anyone.

.A !


--. .

Lynchings were often photographed and highly popular, well attended social events in the southern states.

Lynching Practices Terrorize

Blacks in the South for Decades

Lynching is the practice whereby a mob--usually several
dozen or several hundred persons--takes the law into its own
hands in order to injure and kill a person accused of some
wrongdoing. The alleged offense can range from a serious
crime like theft or murder to a mere violation of local cus-
toms and sensibilities. The issue of the victim's guilt is usu-
ally secondary, since the mob serves as prosecutor, judge,
jury, and executioner. Due process yields to momentary
passions and expedient objectives.
Vigilantism, or summary justice, has a long history, but
the term lynch law originated during the American Revolu-
tion with Col. Charles Lynch and his Virginia associates,
who responded to unsettled times by making their own rules
^^ ^^ *4,'j^-^*^a*-&*-rl<-i^'.a *.-* A~f~rtr;-~rf'.^^ i~j..s^-T^_^.,,

ror conmroning tones ana criminal elements. Lyncnmg
found an easy acceptance as the nation expanded. Raw fron-
tier conditions encouraged swift punishment for real, imag-
ined, or anticipated criminal behavior. Historically, social
control has been an essential aspect of mob rule.
Opponents of slavery in pre-Civil War America and cattle
rustlers, gamblers, horse thieves, and other "desperadoes" in
the South and Old West were nineteenth-century targets.
From the 1880s onward, however, mob violence increas-
ingly reflected white America's contempt for various racial,
ethnic, and cultural groups. African-Americans especially,
and sometimes Native Americans, Latinos, Jews, Asian
immigrants, and European newcomers, felt the mob's fury.
In an era when racist theories prompted "true Americans" to
assert their imagined superiority through imperialist ven-
tures, mob violence became the domestic means of asserting

cans. i aKing its cue Irom tis intersectional wnte harmony,
the federal government abandoned its oversight of constitu-
tional protections. Southern and border states responded
with the Jim Crow laws of the 1890s, and white mobs flour-
ished. With blacks barred from voting, public office, and
jury service, officials felt no obligation to respect minority
interests or safeguard minority lives. In addition to lynch-
ings of individuals, dozens of race riots--with blacks as vic-
tims--scarred the national landscape from Wilmington,
North Carolina, in 1898 to Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1921.
Between 1882 (when reliable statistics were first col-
lected) and 1968 (when the classic forms of lynching had
disappeared), 4,743 persons died of lynching, 3,446 of them
black men and women. Mississippi (539 black victims, 42
white) led this grim parade of death, followed by Georgia
(492, 39), Texas (352, 141), Louisiana (335, 56), and Ala-

bama (299, 48). From 1882 to 1901, the annual number na-
tionally usually exceeded 100; 1892 had a record 230 deaths
(161 black, 69 white). Although lynchings declined some-
what in the twentieth century, there were still 97 in 1908 (89
black, 8 white), 83 in the racially troubled postwar year of
1919 (76, 7, plus some 25 race riots), 30 in 1926 (23, 7), and
28 in 1933 (24, 4).
Statistics do not tell the entire story, however. These were
recorded lynchings; others were never reported beyond the
community involved. Furthermore, mobs used especially
sadistic tactics when blacks were the prime targets. By the
1890s lynchers increasingly employed burning, torture, and
dismemberment to prolong suffering and excite a "festive
atmosphere" among the killers and onlookers. White fami-
lies brought small children to watch, newspapers sometimes
carried advance notices, railroad agents sold excursion tick-
ets to announced lynching sites, and mobs cut off black vic-
tims' fingers, toes, ears, or genitalia as souvenirs. Nor was it
necessarily the handiwork of a local rabble; not infre-
quently, the mob was encouraged or led by people promi-
nent in the area's political and business circles. Lynching
had become a ritual of interracial social control and recrea-
tion rather than simply a punishment for crime.

February 12 18, 2009
As it C*Ibrato 100 Years. NAACP
Turning to Youth for It's Future

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 9



-Available from

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Commercial News P



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For Good Earth-
Watch Your Mailbox.

Project New Ground will soon begin to clean up ash
deposited in several locations at or near incinerator sites.
If you live in the Project New Ground area, watch your mailbox
for important information about your property and the cleanup.
For more information, call 630-CITY
or visit www.ProjectNewGround.org.


Our differences
are what unite us.
Comcast proudly honors
Black History Month.
Join us as we celebrate the accomplishments
of so many during Black History Month...
and every month.
Learn more at www.comcast.com/diversity.


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Pa e 10 Ms Perry's Free s

SI A Healthy Heart Equals a Healthy Life

Jumping the Broom

Then and Now
When West Africans were brought (forcibly) to these shores of America,
they were stripped of so much, their homeland, community structure and
of course their freedom. Not too long after being brought to America,
Africans were denied the right to marry in the eyes of the law. Slave own-
ers and masters thought that not only were these Africans not real people,
but that they were property, and as such, they had absolutely no rights. And
further, if they were allowed to marry, they might actually find strength in
numbers and that in itself might lead to revolt.
Here lies the creation and immense creativity of jumping the broom. The

- Jumping the broom or in some cases
jumping over an imaginary line is an
African ritual, or tradition still being
practiced in some parts of West Africa.
- You can be as creative as you want
when planning for that special day.
Brooms can be beautifully decorated to
individual taste, and should be used as a
wall d?cor after the wedding ceremony. It
should always remind the couple of their
new life and commitment to each other as
husband and wife in line with the African
- It is ok to celebrate this rich cultural
heritage, irrespective of your race, reli-
gion, and nationality, the most important
thing is it's significance.

broom itself has always
held a spiritual significance
for many African peoples,
because it represented
homemaking for a new cou-
ple. During slavery, a cou-
ple would jump over a
broom into matrimony to
the beat of the drum. (Until
of course the drums them-
selves were outlawed since
they were thought to be a
dangerous means of com-
Today, the tradition of
jumping the broom has
made it's way back into the
wedding ceremony and is

the most widely known wedding ritual in the African-American communi-
ty. Since the 1970's and Alex Haley's ROOTS, countless couples have
incorporated this tradition into their weddings. It doesn't matter how
Westernized or cultural African-American ceremonies might be, this one
act of jumping the broom binds thousands of couples together in solidari-
There are other traditions aside from broom jumping that have been
either borrowed from African and Caribbean shores or born anew here in
America. Many couples today have added different kinds of food, cloth-
ing, vows and other cultural rites and passages to their modem day cere-
monies, just to let their ancestors know, they haven't forgotten.

Heart disease is the number one
cause of death in the United States
of America. According to the
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, almost 700,000 people
die from heart disease in the United
States each year. February is
American Heart Month and you can
reduce your risk for developing
heart disease with a few simple
The National Institutes of Health
lists six key steps to help reduce the
risk of having a heart attack:
1. Stop smoking
2. Lower high blood pressure
3. Reduce high cholesterol
4. Aim for a healthy weight
5. Be physically active each day
6. Manage diabetes

D e a r
goo Dyrinda,
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such as curling
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good for your hair, but it's gotten to
the point where I can't function
without them, especially my flat
iron. What helps is available to
assist or ease the use of the prod-
uct? Debbie, Eastside
So, you still can't live without
your straightening iron? I know
you're not alone. I know there are
folks out there just like you some
of you even sit up in my chair and
listen to me preach on the harmful
things too much heat will do to our
hair. So because so many of you
are out there I will try and help as
best I can. I know it's hard, once
you know how to achieve that
sleek, smooth look it's hard to go
back. It really doesn't matter which
flat iron you use: ceramic,
thermal, metal or ionic they all
damage your hair with over-use
and inappropriate use. The heat
keeps your hair dry and over time
will damage the ends of your hair.
So I've compiled 10 tips to help



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Smoking cigarettes significantly
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High blood pressure, also known
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High cholesterol can also be
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exercise and shedding excess
weight. If these are not enough to

you and your flat iron work side-
by-side without damaging your
1. Keep your flat iron clean. It
will last longer and do less damage
to your hair.
2. Use a styling aids to prevent
frizz before you blow dry.
3. If you are new to using a flat
iron, practice before you head out
to any major event. It's very easy
to use once you get the knack of it.
4. When using the iron on your
hair comb, on the section you are
using first, before running the iron
through it.
5. Try avoiding using any prod-
ucts until you finish straightening
out your hair.
6. Use small sections. The small-
er the section the flatter and more
weightless your hair will be.
7. Use even pressure while
stroking your flat iron from the
root to the end without stopping on
any part of the sectioned hair.
8. Use a wide bristle brush on
your hair while brushing your
desired shape into place.
9. Use a lightweight serum to
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lower the cholesterol level, there
are medications that may help.
Aim for a Healthy Weight
For anyone who is overweight,
there is an increased chance of hav-
ing a heart attack. Even a 10%
reduction can help lower the risk of
developing cardiovascular disease.
Be Physically Active Each Day
You should have 30 minutes of a
moderate-intensity exercise on
most days, preferably each day of
the week. Exercise reduces the risk
of heart-related problems, including
heart attacks. Exercise can also
improve cholesterol levels, help
control high blood pressure and
manage weight and can help control
diabetes. Visit www.health.gov/paguidelines
to find out more about physical
activity guidelines for Americans.
Manage Diabetes
The same lifestyle changes that
reduce high cholesterol, blood pres-
sure and excess weight will also
help manage diabetes. Diabetes
affects more than 16 million
Americans, and up to 75 percent of
those with diabetes develop heart

Charlie Wilson
Gap's Charlie
Wilson Diganosed
with Prostate Cancer
R&B singer Charlie Wilson has
announced that he was diagnosed
with prostate cancer in September
and is currently undergoing treat-
ment while working to raise aware-
ness of the disease.
In a released statement, the for-
mer lead singer of the Gap Band
said that his prognosis is "excel-
lent" and he is teaming with the
Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF)
to help spread the word about pre-

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February 12-18, 2009

yrcuruary ,I Pr, susuP

Black Press Just for Show During First Presidential Address

President Obama answers a
reporter's question during his
first official press conference.
By J. Curl
After the first black president
completed his first prime-time press
conference, the black press was red
"We were window dressing," said

Hazel Edney, chief editor of the
National Newspaper Publishers
Association, also known as the
Black Press of America. "We were
nothing more than window dress-
ing." Edney was one of the many
reporters sitting in the front row
alongside representatives from the
Associated Press, Reuters, and even
86-year-old Helen Thomas, who
started covering presidents 50 years
Alongside the most prominent
journalists in America was Tiffany
Cross from Black Entertainment
Television. Like Miss Edney, she
didn't know why she was in first-
class while all the television net-
works every single one was

exiled to the steerage compartment.
"I really don't know why I'm up
here," said Miss Cross .
While most on the front row got
to pose a question to President
Obama, the two reporters from the
black press did not. Nor did any
other black-press reporter, for that
"This was like Reagan, when he'd
put all the blacks up front," said
another prominent but visibly
peeved black-press reporter who
asked to remain anonymous. "He
oughta' be ashamed."
The new seating arrangement
miffed a lot of reporters. In years
past, the front row, usually nine or
10 seats, was peopled with the three

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main wires, the five big networks,
Miss Thomas and, sometimes, a big
newspaper, like the New York
Times or USA Today.
While the two wires were up
front, Bloomberg News, which
travels in every tight pool alongside
AP and Reuters, was stationed in
the second row. Of the networks,
only CBS made that row. All but
one of the others ABC, CNN and
NBC were in the third (while Fox
News' Major Garrett was dis-
patched to the fourth row, far to the
right of the presidential podium).
Seated in that prime front row,
though, were some newcomers.
Along with reporters from NNPA
and BET were Sam Stein of the
archly liberal Huffington Post and
Ed Schultz, star of the "Ed Schultz
Radio Show," an unabashedly liber-
al talk-show host, who boasts 3 mil-
lion listeners dubbed "Ed Heads."
None of it mattered, though,
because Mr. Obama called reporters
from a list on the podium, and
reporters buzzed afterward about
how he didn't seem to know a single
reporter he called on at least in the
front row.
"And let me go to Jennifer Loven at
AP," the president said, looking to
his left, and then back a row or two
before finding the AP reporter front
and center, about eight feet from the
podium. "Ah, there you are."
While Mr. Obama didn't call on
Mr. Schultz in the front row, he did
skip giant national newspapers like
USA Today and The Wall Street
Journal in favor of the Huffington
Post, which didn't disappoint.
The president ticked through all
the usual suspects, calling on the
three wires and all five networks
before hitting The Washington Post
and New York Times, both of
whom sent black reporters. The
only other question from outside
the box was from NPR.

Michael Steele
New GOP Chairman Accused of

Spending Abuses in 2nd Week of Term

Michael Steele, the new chairman
of the Republican National
Committee, said last weekend that
claims he made inappropriate pay-
ments to his sister's company for
work never performed were untrue
and made by a felon trying to get a
reduced sentence.
Steele paid more than $37,000 to
a Maryland company run by his sis-
ter, Monica Turner, for work related
to his unsuccessful 2006 Senate
campaign. If she was not reim-
bursed, both he and his sister would
be violating campaign finance
laws, said Steele.
"It was a legitimate reimburse-
ment of expenses," Steele said on
ABC's "This Week."
Steele became the first black
national chairman in the RNC's his-
tory last month. He was the first
black candidate elected to statewide
office in Maryland in 2002, when
he became lieutenant governor, and
was chairman of the Maryland
Republican Party and then chair-
man of GOPAC, an organization
that recruits and trains Republican
political candidates.
Steele's former finance chairman,
Alan B. Fabian, claimed to federal
prosecutors that Steele made the

payment to the company, which
was then out of business, as Fabian
was seeking leniency on unrelated
fraud charges, The Washington Post
reported Saturday. Prosecutors
gave Fabian no credit for coopera-
tion when he was sentenced in
October, the newspaper said.
The charges were made in a con-
fidential memorandum sent by the
U.S. Attorney's office in Maryland
inadvertently along with other doc-
uments requested by the Post.
In addition to the payment to
Steele's sister, Fabian alleged that
the candidate used money from his
state campaign improperly, that
Steele paid $75,000 from the state
campaign to a law firm for work
that was never performed, and that
he or an aide transferred more than
$500,000 in campaign cash from
one bank to another without author-
As for claims that his sister's
company was out of business when
the payment was made, Steele told
ABC: "What I do know about is the
fact that, as she understood it, the
company was still in existence. Her
lawyers were were telling her they
were in the process of dissolving
the company."

Texan who died

in prison cleared

of rape conviction

Let's Build Something Together

Timothy Cole
A Texas district court judge
reversed the conviction of a man
last week who died in prison nearly
a decade ago, almost two decades
into a prison sentence for a rape he
swore he did not commit.
Timothy Cole was convicted and
sentenced to 25 years in prison for
the 1985 rape of 20-year-old
Michele Mallin. He maintained his
innocence, but it was not confirmed
by DNA until years after his 1999
death, when another inmate con-
fessed to the rape, Jerry Johnson.
Johnson has been in the Texas
prison system since 1985 on two
convictions for aggravated sexual
assault. He was given a life sen-
tence for the rape of a 15-year-old
girl, and a jury later tacked on a 99-
year sentence for another rape. He
cannot be charged with the Mallin
case, as the statute of limitations
has expired.
Then a student at Texas Tech
University in Lubbock, Mallin was
walking to her car, intending to
move it to another parking lot,
when a man approached her asking
about jumper cables, she said. In a
matter of seconds, he put her in a
choke hold and held a knife to her
neck. He forced himself into her
car and drove her to the outskirts of
town, where he raped her.
The next day, police investigators
showed Mallin pictures of possible
suspects. She chose a picture of
Cole and said he was her attacker.
She later identified him in a physi-
cal lineup, according to the
Innocence Project of Texas.
But there was one detail: Mallin
told police her attacker was a
smoker. "He was smoking the
entire time."
Cole, who suffered from severe
asthma, was never a smoke. He
also took daily medications [for
asthma] when he was younger. Al
of which did not matter to the jury.

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Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 11

1 81 2 I 100 9io




What to do from social, volunteer, political and sports activities to self enrichment and the civic scene

Menopause the Musical
Menopause the Musical will be
performed at the Times-Union
Center for the Performing Arts
February 13-22. Inspired by a hot
flash and a bottle of wine,
writer/producer Jeanie Linders cre-
ated the show as a celebration of
women who are on the brink of, in
the middle of, or have survived The
Change. Call 632-3228 for tickets.

Valentine's Day Dance
for Teens and Children
Stage Aurora is presenting teens a
chance to treat their special guy or
girl, Mom or Dad, or any other fam-
ily member or friend to an evening
of dancing, food, and fun! There
will be music, dancing and socializ-
ing for the under 18 crowd only.
The dance will take place on Friday,

February 13th from 5 9 p.m. at
the Stage Aurora Performance Hall
in the Gateway Town Center. For
more information or tickets, please
call Stage Aurora at 904 765-7372.

Gospitality at
the Ritz
The Ritz Theater and LaVilla
Museum Black Broadway series
will continue on February 14,
2009 with Gospitality. The 8:00
p.m. performance is a hand-clap-
ping, fan waving gospel review,
traveling through the history of
gospel music. From slave ship
rhythms to call and response in the
cotton fields, moving spirituals
such as "Wade in the Water"and
"Nobody Knows the Trouble I've
Seen" are included in this journey
which includes over 20 gospel
songs. Call 632-5555 for tickets.

Appeal For Your Excess Clothes
The Millions More Movement Jacksonville Local
Organizing Committee Inc., a non-profit organi-
zation is now in the process of gathering clothes
for it's next 'Clothes Give-A-Way.
Please bring them to 916 N.Myrtle Avenue from
9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Monday through Saturday.
JLOC will also come pick up your donation.
For more information, vist their website at :
www.jaxloc.com or call 904-240-9133.

Stage Aurora Presents
Colours of Courage
In celebration of Black History
month, Stage Aurora will present a
contemporary dance program enti-
tled "Colors of Courage" chroni-
cling the African-American experi-
ence in the Americas.It will be per-
formed on February 14, at 7:00
P.M. at the Stage Aurora Theatrical
Company Performance Hall, 5188
Norwood Avenue which is located
inside the Gateway Town Center
near Foot Locker. For additional
information, call 765-7372.

Genealogy Meeting
On Saturday, Feb. 14th, The
Southern Genealogist's Exchange
Society, Inc. will host guest speaker
Mrs. Shannon Palmer at 10:15 a.m.
at the Mandarin Regional Library,
3330 Kori Road The topic will be
"Tales of Working with the Silent."
The meeting is free & open to the
public. For more information call
778-1000 or email:

JCCI's Civic Lunch
and Learn Series
JCCI's monthly Lunch & Learn
event is scheduled for Wednesday,
February 18th from 12:00 noon -
1:00 pm. at JCCI headquarters,
2434 Atlantic Blvd.

The speaker for the event will be
Nancy Dreicer discussing
"Changing Foster Care as We
Know It!" This will be an opportu-
nity for us to learn more about the
changes in the foster care system.
The presentation will begin at noon
and a Q&A session will follow.
Feel free to bring your lunch and
enjoy the discussion. RSVP your
attendance or call ) 396-3052 x17
for more information.

Program at EWC
The Gullah/Geechee Cultural
Heritage Corridor Commission will
present "Reflections: Duval
County's Gullah/Geechee History"
at 7:00 p.m. on Friday, February
20th in the Milne Auditorium, 1658
Kings Road, at EWC,
The public program will celebrate
the culture's influence on local his-
tory and honor 'history heroes' who
work to preserve the culture.
For more info, call 261-4186.

Cleo Parker Robinson
Dance Ensemble
The Cleo Parker Robinson Dance
Ensemble will be in Jacksonville
for one performance only at the Ritz
Theater on February 21st at
8:00pm. Ticket prices are $21.50.
Call 632-5555 for more informa-

Fort Mose Living
History Program
Fort Mose Historic State Park will
commemorate Black History
Month on Saturday February 21st,
from 10 a.m. 3 p.m., by celebrat-
ing the first free black community
in the United States. Re-enactors in
period clothing will tell the story of
Fort Mose in "Flight to Freedom" a
living history event. In addition,
food, drumming, and the St.
Augustine Garrison will perform
along with demonstrations of mus-
ket firing. Festivities will be held.
The park is located at 15 Fort Mose
Trail in St. Augustine. For more
information, call 904-823-2232.

Betsch to Keynote
Kingsley Celebration
The 11th Annual Kingsley
Heritage Celebration will be held
on Saturday, February 21st at 2:00
p.m., the event also features a musi-
cal presentation by the EWC Choir.
The guest speaker will be Dr.
Johnnetta Betch Cole Kingsley
descendant and former president of
Spelman College. The Kingsley
Heritage Celebration recognizes the
culture that evolved amongst slave
communities despite the oppression
of slavery and celebrates their
strength. For more information,
call 904-251-3537.

JLOC Open Meeting
On Sunday, February 22nd, the
general public is invited to attend
the Jacksonville Local Organizing
Committee of the Millions More
Movement. It will be held from
6:00- 8:30 p.m. at 916 N.Myrtle
Avenue. If you are concerned about
wanting to improve the quality of
living conditions in your communi-
ty come to this meeting. For more
information, visit www.jaxloc.com
or call 904-240-9133.

Celebrity Charity
Poker Challenge
Uptown Civitan, a local women's
civic group, is hosting the largest
World Series of Poker sanctioned
one night satellite charity event
ever held in North Florida. The
Celebrity Poker Challenge will be
held February 24, 2009 at The

&tbmt Your Nws and COomng Etng
News deadline is Monday at 6 p.m. by the week you would like your
information to be printed. Information can be sent via email, fax,
brought into our office or mailed in. Please be sure to include the 5W's
- who, what, when, where, why and you must include a contact number.
Email JFreePress@aol.com Fax (904) 765-3803

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of which $265 is a charitable tax
donation. Call 733-2650 or register
online at www.pinecastle.org.

Happy Days
the Musical
Happy Days a new musical based
on the 70s sitcom will be performed
at the Times Union center's Moran
Theater February 24-March 1, for
eight performances only. Tickets
range in price from $26.00 to
$66.00. For tickets or more infor-
mation, call 632-3373.

Black Republicans
Grand Opening
The Black Republicans of Duval
County will celebrate the grand
opening of their new offices on
Thursday, February 26th at 7.p.m.
The offices are located at 4963
Beach Blvd. For more information
visit www.minorityrepublicansof-

Clean Up Woman
the Play
Telma Hopkins, Christopher
Williams, Jackee' and comedian
George Wilborn will all grace the
stage of the Florida Theater
February 27 and 28th for the play
"Clean Up Woman". Showtimes
include evening and matinee shows.
Call 353-3309 for tickets.

Heart of a
Woman Luncheon
On Saturday, February 28, 2009
from 11:00 1:00 p.m., the Women
of Color Cultural Foundation will
present the fifth annual Heart of a
Woman Luncheon at the Channel 7
Studios next to Metropolitan Park..
This educational forum instructs
participants about the risk factors
associated with heart disease and
how to maintain a healthy heart.
Keynote speaker will be Dr. Judith
C. Rodriguez, re-knowned nutri-
tionist and author. Call 635-5191
or 981-8793 for more information.

Page 12 Ms. Perry's Free Press

February 12-18, 2009

Piwe 13 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 12 18, 2009

*Eddie Murphy and former Spice Girl
Melanie Brown have finally put an end to their
bitter legal battle as Muphy is now forced to
pay out millions of dollars of child support to
their daughter, Angel Iris.
Murphy has been ordered to pay approximate-
4 -ly $51,700 per month until their daughter
teachers 18 years old. She is now 22 months
old, so that would total about $10.3 million
USD. He also also finally agreed to see his
daughter, who he had originally questioned was his until a DNA test
proved he was in fact the father
Murphy and Brown have spend the past 15 months fighting in the Los
Angeles courts. Both have signed non-disclosure contracts which prevents
them from discussing the settlements in public.
Mel, 33, and Murphy, 47, dated for about six months in 2006. After she
gave birth to Angel in April 2007, Mel married producer Stephen
Belafonte in Las Vegas in a secret ceremony two months later. Mel also has
a nine-year-old daughter, Phoenix Chi, from her first marriage to dance
Jimmy Gulzar. Murphy has five other children with his ex-wife Nicole
Grammy-award winning rapper Lil' Kim, Olympic
gymnast Shawn Johnson and former New York
Giants linebacker Lawrence Taylor will hit the floor '
for "Dancing With the Stars" when the show returns
in March.
Former Apple executive Steve Wozniak, actress
Denise Richards, 1980s pop singer Belinda Carlisle,
"Sex and the City" actor Gilles Marini, celebrity
reporter Nancy O'Dell, movie and TV prankster
Steve-O and actor David Alan Grier round out the 13 stars showing off
their fancy footwork.
Singer and actress Lil' Kim, 33, spent a year in prison in 2005 after being
found guilty of perjury and conspiracy for lying about the involvement of
her friends in a 2001 shooting in New York.
Taylor, who led the New York Giants to two Super Bowl titles, has also
written two books and appeared in several movies.
pends his ad campaign pending outcome of his criminal allegations.
Sunday night's airing of Chris Brown's Doublemint gum commercial
during the Grammy telecast will likely be its last on tel-
Wrigley announced Monday that it has suspended its
ad campaign featuring the 19-year-old singer as he faces
charges of criminal threats and suspicion of domestic
violence. The company stopped short of saying they will
cancel his contract altogether.
A company statement expresses concern about what
it calls "serious allegations made against Chris Brown." He was arrested
Sunday night for an alleged battery on his girlfriend, Rihanna.
Wrigly said it would suspend any current advertising or any related
marketing until the situation is resolved, adding that the R&B star should
be "afforded the same due process as any citizen."


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February 12 18, 2009

Pai!e 13 Ms. Perry's Free Press


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