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Main: Faith & Spirit
Main: Challenging Times in Black History
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New in the
e Page 13
and Well in
Alabama Baptist Church
Designated National Landmark
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Relatives of
the four black girls who were killed
I; in a Ku Klux Klan bombing in 1963
gathered at the church \ here the\
died to mark its designation as a
Attorney General Alberto Gonzales
called the Sixteenth Street Baptist
Church "a catalyst for the cause of
justice" as he referred to the girls -
Addie Mae Collins, Carole
Robertson and Cynthia Wesley, all
14, and Denise McNair. 1. At the
ceremony. Interior Secretary Gale A.
Norton signed a proclamation adding
the church to a list of about 2.500 places that carry the title of National
Historic Landmark. A pret ious attempt to have the 200-member church
designated a federal landmark failed.
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church was an important meeting place for
activists during the ci il rights era, and the bombing became a worldwide
symbol illustrating the depth of racial hatred in the South at the time.
Three Klansman were convicted in the blast, the last in 2002.
The bomb knocked out part of a %\all and heavily damaged the bath-
room where the girls died.
UCLA Opens Center for the
Study of Race, Ethnicity and Politics
UCLA unveiLs a ne%. facility this week that aims to explore the racial
attitudes and opinions of major ethnic groups and provide opportunities
for faculty and students to do international fieldwork.
The Center for the Study of Race. Ethnicity and Politics, housed in
UCLA's public policy building, will focus on such issues as African
migrants in France, Salhadoran migrants in the United States and the
interaction between African Americans and the Chinese in the
"Issues of race and ethnicity are some of the most complex modern
societies have to face." the center's director Dr. Mark Q. Sawyer tells
DiverseEducation.com. "Our idea of %who is or who is not a member of a
race. nation or neighborhood is understood through the lens of race. It is
only fitting that a major research university in one of the most socially
and politically dynamic cities in the United States should focus on the
interplay of race and ethnicity in politics. I expect the center to be a pow-
erful magnet for scholarship and ideas on these issues."
Rush Limbaugh Mistakes Rep.
Sherrod Brown for a Black Man
Rush Limbaugh made an embarrassing boo-boo recently when he mis-
takenly assumed that Sherrod Brown. a congressman from Ohio running
for U.S. Senate, is a black man.
A flurry of e-mails to his nationally syndicated radio show hipped him
to the fact that the seven-term congressman and former Ohio secretary of
state is indeed Caucasian.
"Uh. Sherrod Brown's a white guy? Then I'm confusing him with some-
body. OK, I'm sorry." Limbaugh said on the air this week.
Despite his acknowledgment of the mistake, the e-mails kept coming
throughout his airshift. He addressed the misstep again later in the show.
"We have corrected this. and I. you know. I'm not gonna apologize
because I don't think it's an insult to be black." said Limbaugh. who in
2003 was ousted from ESPN's NTL preiew show after stating quarter-
back Donovan McNabb %%as overrated because the media wanted to see
a black quarterback succeed.
30 Years After Black Political
Convention, Activists Re-convene
A new generation of black elected officials and civil rights activists \dill
meet in Gary, Indiana next month to discuss a national strategy for black
economic empowennent 34 years after the National Black Political
Convention. where an unprecedented group of black leaders convened in
Gary to initiate political change.
A coalition of black leaders % ill gather again in the city from March 9
to 12 to create a long-term economic plan for all black Americans,
regardless of income status or political affiliation.
"The gathering in Garn affords the opportunity to return to the site of a
historic gathering to create another moment in the journey ofoour people."
said Bruce S. Gordon. president of the NLAACP. "Focusing on econom-
ic equality is m% priority. Ain attempt to establishing an agenda for
action is worth the trip."
In 1972, more than 4,000 black active ists assembled in Gary for \what
became one of the largest black political conventions in U.S. history. At
that time, according to organizers, only 16 blacks were members of the
U.S. Congress. less than 900 were state and city officials, and there was
no national strategy for gaining further political empow ernment.
Today. there are more than 16,000 black elected officials, holding office
at every le' el, in almost every state. In the past 34 years, Americans have
witnessed one black elected as governor of Virginia; three blacks elected
lieutenent governor; two elected to the U.S. Senate; 47 newly elected
members to the U.S. House of Representatives -- and numerous big-city
mayors, state legislators and county and regional elected officials.
Volume 20 No. 5 Jacksonville, Florida February 23 March 1, 2006
Congressional Black Caucus SnNVLL
Blasts Bush's Budget JACKON"
by James Wright
Caucus has come
out against the
saying that it cuts
Sen. Obama needed social pro-
grams and it gives too many bene-
fits to the rich and wealthy.
Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.) said:
"Never before have Americans paid
so much for a budget that does so
little to keep them safe, secure and
prosperous in a 21st century econo-
my. After years of shelling out bil-
lions in taxpayer dollars to well-
connected and well-financed spe-
cial interests, the President is facing
a debt so large that he cannot afford
the promises he's made to the
Obama, the lone senator in the
CBC, pointed out that the Bush
*Assess higher health and med-
ical fees for veterans
*Cut funding for police officers
by 80 percent
*Eliminate funding to fight crimes
caused by the use of methampheta-
*Cut funding for firefighters and
*Freeze need-based funding for
Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. (D-Ill.)
mocked the Bush budget in explicit
"This self-proclaimed 'compas-
sionate conservative' has proposed
a record $2.77 trillion budget which
increases money for war and
defense, makes tax cuts for the
wealthy permanent (takes $1.8 tril-
lion out of the budget over 10
years), and continues undermining
Continued on page 3
Thousands Rally at State Capitol
to Support K-12 Scholarships
Panelists Jarik Conrad, Glenda Washington, Ed Gordon and Chris
Arab. (Panelists not shown John Hirabayashi) FM Powell Photo
Renowned Broadcaster Ed Gordon
Moderates WJCT Panel on Race
NPR host Ed Gordon made a stop in Jacksonville this week for a special
evening hosted by WJCT. In celebration of Black History Month, the event
was held at the public television studios. Gordon moderated the interactive
forum entitled, "Diversity... A Solid Business Practice". The forum
addressed issues of diversity and the changing face of first coast business-
es. Questions from the audience ranged from employment hiring practices
to the recent racial difficulties within the Jacksonville Fire Department.
Jacksonville Job Corps
Celebrates Winter Graduation
192 Graduate Richard Foster addressed students at the Graduation
1992 Graduate Richard Foster addressed students at the Graduation
The Jacksonville Job Corps
Center and SIATech Charter School
recently graduated 89 students in
their 2006 Winter Graduation cere-
mony held in the Gymnasium on
the Job Corps Center campus.
The students received certificates
of completion from the trades
offered at the center that will equip
them in the workforce in addition to
high school diplomas.
Center Director Omoniyi Amoran
was proud of all the graduates,
"Each time we have graduation I
am touched by how far our gradu-
ates have come from when they
came here, to walking across the
stage, to going on to have success
in not just their careers, but in their
lives., said Amoran."
Not even the chill of the 7 a.m.
Tallahassee air could dampen the
determination that brought the
4,000 parents, children and school
administrators from as far away as
Miami. There they marched the
half-mile, uphill route from the city
civic center to the steps of the state
Capitol on February 15.
Some elderly and disabled
marchers struggled to make the trek
and had to be shuttled the rest of the
way. Eventually, however, their
inner strength saw them to the
Capitol courtyard where they too
raised their voices to encourage the
Florida Legislature to create laws to
protect the existing scholarship pro-
grams or more specifically to let
voters decide at the ballot box in
November if publicly funded schol-
arship programs should be allowed
in this state.
Most of the marchers, who chant-
ed "Save Our Students," were
Black parents and students who
know first-hand the value of a
scholarship in helping to adequate-
ly educate their children. The bot-
tom line is this: Parents know
what's best for their children.
Continued on page 5
Cleveland Inspires The Covenant to
Highlight Religious Community
A new faith based magazine will
be launched this spring entitled,
The Covenant. The publication will
be the first of it's kind in northeast
Florida to be dedicated to biblical
scholars, congregations and readers
seeking purely spiritual content.
The brainchild of award winning
gospel vocalist Stormy Cleveland,
The Covenant, as it is biblically
understood is an agreement
between two parties.
"In this instance, the promise is
between God and the publication to
produce a comprehensive, com-
pelling magazine that will be a min-
istry through text to the
Jacksonville community." Said
"Although similar to national
faith-based magazines, Cleveland
says The Covenant will focus less
on advertisement and more atten-
tive on detailed content.
The first publication will feature
Bishop A.T. Jones Sr. pastor at All
People International Church in the
intriguing article Passing the
Mantle a story about the Jones'
family and ministry, Pastor Cecil
Wiggins Pastor at the Evangel
Temple Assembly of God and his
life legacy and ministry, commen-
taries from area pastors, gospel
music issues, First Ladies recipes in
addition to relevant information
for youth and young adults
Illustrating the total perspective
of the religious community, The
Covenant will also profile church-
es, include a pastor's wife section of
recipes and gardening tips. Further,
it will include local pastor's com-
mentaries and columns discussing
real life, controversial topics.
Preparing for a May launch date,
The magazine will be a full-color,
40-paged, 8 V2 x 11 glossy bi-
monthly magazine featuring faith-
based or related stories in news,
liturgical arts, wellness and
CI-- -------L~---~C~P~ -
February .23, 2006
P 2- Ms./PPrrvs FlrPP Press
.. .a.. I.........
Founder & Publisher Earl G. Graves Sr. (center), along with executives from BLACK ENTERPRISE visited the
New York Stock Exchange on Friday, Feb. 10, 2006 to celebrate the publication's 35th anniversary and to com-
memorate February as Black History Month. Pictured L-R: Tariq Muhammad, Interactive Media Director; Dirk
J. Caldwell, Eastern Regional Sales Director; John A. Thain, CEO, NYSE; Earl "Butch" Graves Jr., BE President
& CEO; Earl G. Graves Sr., BE Founder, Chairman & Publisher; Mrs. Barbara Graves; Jacques Jiha, Executive
VP/CFO; Alfred Edmond, SVP/Editor-in-Chief; Derek T. Dingle, VP/Executive Editor; Beatrice Hanks,
VP/Circulation Director; Stacia J. Tackie, VP/Research.
Black Enterprise Celebrates 35th Anniversary at NYSE
Black Enterprise Founder &
Publisher Earl G. Graves Sr. was at
hand on Friday, Feb. 10 to end the
week's trading at the New York
Stock Exchange. The ceremonial
ringing of the bell, which officially
ends the day's trading at the world's
largest marketplace, coincided with
the publication's 35th Anniversary
celebration and recognized the
company for its important place as
the business voice of the African
When BE launched its first issue
in August 1970, Earl G. Graves Sr.
noted that "lacking capital, manage-
rial and technical knowledge-and
crippled by prejudice-the minority
businessman has been effectively
kept out of the American market-
place." Thirty-five years later,
black executives, many identified
early in their careers as rising stars
by the publication, have gained a
solid foothold in the senior leader-
ship of the nation's major public
NOTICE OF NON-DISCRIMINATORY
POLICY AS TO STUDENTS
The school, Esprit De Corps Center for Learning, Inc.,
admits students of any race, color, national and ethnic origin
to all the rights, privileges, programs, and activities generally
accorded or made available to students at the school. It does
not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and eth-
nic origin in administration of its educational policies, admis-
sions policies, scholarship and loan programs, and athletic
aind other school-administered programs.
corporations, with more than 17
earning the once-unreachable CEO
title. Levels of success once
deemed impossible by people of
color have been attained by the
likes of Ken Chenault (American
Express), Ann Fudge (Young &
Rubicam), E. Stanley O'Neal
(Merrill Lynch) and Richard
Parsons (Time Warner).
In 1973 BE began to rank
America's largest black-owned
companies, eventually establishing
the B.E.100s as the pinnacle of
black entrepreneurial success. To
date, four B.E.1 00s companies have
surpassed the billion-dollar revenue
milestone. BE encourages its audi-
ence to save and invest 10% to 15%
of after-tax income in public mar-
kets, and continues in-depth cover-
age of former B.E.100s companies,
such as Johnson Products and
B.E.T. which have transitioned into
"Tremors in Pension Land"
..... "Copyrighted Material
Available from Commercial News Providers"
Matching Grants Program
To continue the City of Jacksonville's efforts to improve neighborhoods, the Neighbor-
hood Senrices Division announces the opening of the 2006-2007 Mayor's Neighbor-
hood Matching Grants Program.
Funding is expected to remain at $308,800 for next year. However, the amount is sub-
ject to change, if the mayor or City Council authorizes a different amount.
Any neighborhood association, civic organization or other community group that has
been in existence for at least six (6) months prior to the application date and is located
in Duval County is eligible. The maximum amount is $5,000.
Application forms are available at the Neighborhood Senrvices Division, City Hall at St.
James, 117 W. Duval St., Suite 310-A. Proposals will be accepted until April 28, 2006,
no later than 5 p.m. or postmarked by 5 p.m.
WORKSHOPS ARE MANDATORY!
NMatching Grants Pre-application Workshops are scheduled for the following Thursdays:
March 9, 6:30-7:30 p.m.
March 16, 10:30-11:30 a.m.
March 23, 6:30-7:30 p.m.
March 30, 10:30-11:30 a.m.
All training workshops will be held at:
City Hall at St. James
117 W. Duval St.
Renaissance Room (Lobby)
Workshops will include an overview of the application process, project eligibility and
assistance with application preparation. Please remember: No award for fiscal year
2006-2007 will be granted without a representative of the organization attending
one of the technical assistance workshops. Call the Neighborhood Services Division
at (904) 630-7398 to reserve a seat at the workshop of your choice.
John Peyton, Mayor
Roslyn Mixon-Phillips, Director
Where Florda Begins.
.................... :::: ... .............. L
* ======== .....
. ....... .....
I -a x-,-AY -J A VU A I Iaa -x "gu
Bethel's Healthy Heart Workshop Show
Hundreds the Way to Better Health
by Rhonda Silver
The Bethel Baptist Institutional
Church Health & Welfare Ministry
partnered with St. Vincent's Heart
& Vascular Center, and the Univer-
sity of Florida, to host a Healthy
Heart Workshop, on Saturday
February 18m 2006. The Workshop
targeted women, their risks, their
reasons and their responsibilities.
The turnout was huge. Through
interactive presentations they were
able to assess where and why the
risks are so great; and learned 'how
making better choices in our daily
lives could prevent congestive heart
problems, and avoid excessive
In recent weeks there has been a
wave of interest concerning wo-
men's health issues. The American
Heart Association donated their
"Go Red For Women" dress pins
which are a symbol for women and
heart disease, the #1 killer of
Former Jacksonville Jaguar Kevin Hardy graciously signed autographs for the students. Bottom: Link
committee members Francina Dunbar, Arlinda Adams, Kevin Hardy, Diana Spicer and Brenda Miller take
a minute for a photograph and Link Jean Aikens plays Black History Jeopardy with the students.
Hardy Emphasizes the Power of Black
History to Highlands PRAISE Students
The Bold City Chapter of the
Links sponsored a Black History
program for the student Highlands
Middle School last week featuring
former Jaguar and nine year NFL
player Kevin Hardy as the guest
The theme of Hardy's presenta-
tion was "Happy Black History
"Black History Month often gets
overlooked but this is a time for
celebration. We must be happy and
proud of our heritage." said Hardy.
"When we celebrate Black History
Month, we are celebrating the lives
of all black people. Many blacks
have been over looked over the
In an interactive approach, stu-
dents were asked to think about the
people who have played a role in
their lives and thank the people
who have made a difference.
He also emphasized the impor-
tance of being prepared. He told
the students if they want to be suc-
cessful they must be prepared.
They must prepare themselves for
the next level.
"School prepares one for life. You
now have the opportunity to get
ready for the real world." he said.
His final challenge to the students
was to get involved in as many
things as possible and closed with
"Happy Black History Month".
The students were overwhelmed
and asked an abundance of ques-
tions. The program culminated
with the students enthusiastically
participating in Black History
Jeopardy conducted Arlinda
Adams and Jean Aikens. Gift packs
given to each students included a
Jaguar shirt and calendar.
The monthly meeting with stu-
dents is a component of the Links'
Chapter Project PRAISE Program
which focuses on a different area
Continued from front
programs which take care of 'the
least of these,' like Medicare and
Medicaid," he said. "The 'No Child
Left Behind' president proposes
cutting education funds 28%, from
$88.6 to $63.4 billion, including
eliminating 42 programs. Bush's
budget proposes to limit food stamp
eligibility by cutting funds by $706
billion over five years.
"The President's budget also pro-
poses a reduction in payments to
hospitals, skilled nursing facilities
and other institutions of about $2.5
billion in 2007 and $35.9 billion
through 2011. On the energy front,
the budget would cut spending on
energy efficiency, hazardous waste
cleanup and grants to subsidize
heating costs for low-income
households (LIHEAP funds) even
as spending on nuclear weapons
programs are increased by 2 %."
"So we now know President
Bush's moral values, budget priori-
Te s t o f t e' '
Jamie Test, of the University of Florida; is pictured as she checks
Geraldine Griffin's blood pressure. R. Silver Photo
women. By raising awareness to
this critical fact, we actually
empower women to take charge of
their health, lower their risk, and
live longer healthier lives.
Tamer Britton of the Duval
ties and political philosophy rely on
the states, faith-based institutions
and voluntary efforts to meet the
peoples' needs, undercut federal
programs for low-and-middle
income families, cut taxes on the
rich and increase funds for the mil-
itary x," Jackson said.
Rep. Albert Wynn also had sharp
words for the proposed budget.
"Only Republicans in Washington
could claim that they reduced the
budget deficit while spending more
money than they cut," Wynn said.
Rep. Barbara Lee (D-Calif.) noted
that Bush budget falls short on
fighting AIDS worldwide.
"While we have seen a modest
increase in funds to combat the
global AIDS pandemic, the presi-
dent's budget still falls short of
what is needed to effectively fight
this disease," Lee said. "The global
AIDS pandemic is the greatest
humanitarian crisis of our time, and
providing the funding and leader-
ship necessary to defeat it is in the
County Cooperative Extension Ser-
vice, also discussed nutrition and
heart healthy eating, which is a key
element in the prevention of heart
disease, and other life threatening
illnesses such as diabetes and high
blood pressure also predominate
among African Americans.
Phi Delta Kappas'
Banquet Set for
The National Sorority Phi Delta
Kappa Inc., Delta Delta Chapter
will present their Annual African
American Commission on Civil
Rights Clarice C. Bradwell
Sholarship Banquet at 6 p.m., on
Saturday February 25, 2006, in
the Shands Banquet Room, 10th
Floor (formerly Methodist
The guest speaker will be former
Sheriffs Department Chief L.
Jerome Spates, president of Sickle
Cell Disease Assoc. of America,
Northeast Florida Chapter Inc.
Tickets are available from Delta
Delta Chapter members. For more
information, call (904) 502-7899.
***'. f ^-i :*** ** '"ii~
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444 t4$! A..
EVERY YEAR, HUNDREDS
OF THOUSANDS OF KIDS
LINE UP FOR HERSHEY'S
TRACK AND FIELD GAMES
A KID YOU KNOW
COULD JOIN THEM
l/mrnpic GoI3 i.-J lt i
''.' or ,ld Ch -aiTpl.1
Heirshpy'- Youth Program I, proud to announce the
ruririing 0 our '29th Annual Trck and fild CGnic,:,
luslin G;otlin knows how rew'miding Ihey con be After all
he competed in them bad. in 199'.4.
At Hershiy :. Trao:l arid Field Gomes, kid, ore
encouraged to do their be.t, no matter what their sill
level. Kids ages 9-14 participate inI events such as
running, jumping and throwing. Tlie Ganies 're held
in ,-cinlunities throughout the United States and
Counodo in prilnership with Ihe National Recieutioion nd
Pai. Associahicn, Athletics Canada, and USA Track 8 Field
To enler a Lid you know or to find out niorei about
Hershe"/'-, Ira, and Field Games, go to
www.hersheystrackandfield.com or cull y0.L1
local rie:reition ind poiu depart entei
ThACK & FIELD r
EVERYONE S IN THE RUNNING"'
i,- iur, e H,-r .r ,, I,. ri j-
Magnet Application Deadline Is February 28!
It f ou ie consriderndrg a magnt school for ,ur student, the application deadline is iust around the
corn-Ir It ou didrn t rectei\ aippliati ron tfr m b:, ima. stop by Du al Countr Public Schools
Adnuriustratiron Building at '111l Pn.id.-nrtil Dnre or \isit to '.i- magnetprotgrams.com You
should mial or hind-deli-,r ,our application to the NMlagnet Progrnnms Office at the address shown
on the b,:tton-, of th,-n :ppli3ction form Stou 5 ,:t ..:u applicatiorIn o on time' It could be the start of
n-mnr ,i,-itint le-rnim _-xp, c nen-c: for '.our :tudent
Last Chance To Tour Magnet Schools: February Z"
Tour in tIh..- mrngnct -chols ,-)u r,- interested irn is important because it gives ,LIu the chance to
'btarin principal sig-natur-s on v,.ur JppliCatiton for magnet priority Be sure to make your visit
b.-ft-r,- FFnruijr, 24
February 23 March 1, 2006
Ms. Perrv' s Free Press -PaRye 3
Page 4 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 16 23, 2006
Are Civil Rights Leaders Irrelevant?
by Bill Reed
ies of the
of the 20th Century continue. The
activists of the Civil Rights
Movement of the 1950s and 1960s
are passing away. They sought
legal enforcement of equality for
Black Americans. At various points
between 1954 and 1970, these par-
ticipants often risked their lives in
the pursuit of equality for blacks. In
the late 1960s and 70s they led
political movements in cities and
counties across America.
Recently, a cross-section of
Washington, D.C. leadership recent-
ly celebrated the Home-going of
pioneer civil rights activist and local
politician, Attorney Wilhelmina
Jackson Rolark. As Southern
Christian Leadership Conference
Co-Founder Reverend Joseph E.
Lowery led the services, a line of
leaders reflected on the past and on
how Attorney Rolark focused ener-
gies on serving communities of
color. Current Washington Mayor
Anthony Williams discussed
Rolark's activism among black fra-
ternal, social and civic institutions.
Scores of city leaders, led by former
Mayor Marion Barry discussed how
Attorney Rolark helped cultivate
economic empowerment, social and
political action and health aware-
ness among African Americans in
Washington and across the country.
A prevailing theme of most speak-
ers was how this civil rights icon
helped spawn America's richest
As a D.C. City Councilmember,
Attorney Rolark was responsible for
a number of laws including legisla-
tion that brought cable television to
D.C. Bob Johnson, founder of
Black Entertainment Television,
owes a debt of gratitude to
Wilhelmina Jackson Rolark for the
award of the Washington, DC cable
franchise. In the process of building
the Washington cable system and
BET, Johnson came to be one of the
most powerful people in the televi-
Successors to civil rights leaders
of yesterday, today's black corpo-
rate and business leaders owe their
successes to that generation of black
leadership. Johnson started BET as
the nation's first African-American-
oriented cable channel network in
1979. Yet, it was the D.C. cable
system that helped Johnson lever-
age acceptance of the BET network
among other cable owners and oper-
ations. When Johnson sold BET in
2001, his network was worth $3 bil-
lion; had expanded into radio,
movies, books, and the Internet, and
reached more than 80 million
households in the U.S., Canada and
the Caribbean. As he moved away
from media, America's first black
billionaire was widening his finan-
cial interests to include real estate,
hotels, fast food, gaming, and enter-
tainment. He's the first African-
American owner of an NBA fran-
chise, the Charlotte Bobcats.
As many African Americans have
gained access and acumen inside of
America's mainstream, they
demean civil rights. Many say
Johnson's career has been spent
converting the moral capital of the
black struggle for equality to his
own personal economic advantage.
His strongest political connections
were with the civil rights establish-
ment, yet his preferred self-image is
that of a bottom-line businessman
doing his best to disregard racial
barriers. Johnson recently
announced that his RLJ
Development hotel investment
group will acquire 100 hotel proper-
ties, most operating under Hilton
and Marriott brand names, for $1.7
billion. The hotels are concentrated
in states that include Illinois, Texas,
Colorado, Florida and Indiana. RLJ
Development, LLC. is a privately-
held real estate investment compa-
ny; it and affiliates currently own 29
hotels in major markets in North
America valued in excess of $1 bil-
lion. RLJ Development is the
largest African-American hotel
investment company in the U.S.
As her successors moved main-
stream, Mrs. Rolark stayed close to
the black community. In 1969, she
and husband Calvin founded the
United Black Fund of Greater
Washington as a non-profit to pro-
vide funding to community-based
organizations in the 70 percent
black city. As UBF General
Counsel, Rolark won major legal
battles in the challenge of the
United Way for distribution of char-
ity dollars. After her husband died,
she was appointed chief executive
of the $9 million-a-year agency.
Many blacks now say that the
color consciousness of people like
Attorney Rolark have no place in
today's society. But people such as
Rolark prove that "relevancy" is
person-dependent word: something
is only relevant if someone sees it as
such. Attorney Rolark was relevant
in her saw works toward freedom
and equal opportunity.
(William Reed -
by Bill Reed
LIVE FROM CITY HALL I
by Jacksonville City Councilman Reginald Fullwood
City's Not Meeting Its Minority Business
Goals Will Allow for More Aggressive Tactics
Last year marked the initial year
of the city's Small and Emerging
Business program. The Mayor's
office and City Council worked for
over a year on a program that would
provide opportunities for not only
minority business, but small com-
panies as well.
Goals were established for each
minority group (African Americans,
Hispanics, Asian and Native
Americans and Women-owned
businesses). Recently, the
Department of Procurement
released a first year report of the
program's performance. No surprise
to mtany,1tbut the city did not reach
the goals outlined in the program.
The percentage of contracts going
to small minority businesses was
10.5 percent, which is below the
city's goal of 19 percent for con-
struction contracts and 17 percent
for construction-related profession-
al services. The goal for small busi-
nesses owned by African-
Americans is 7 percent for con-
struction contracts and 7 percent for
service, but only 4.4 percent of city
contracts actually went to blacks.
That figure represents around $11.7
The goal for Hispanics was 2 per-
cent, but the achieved participation
was actually 0.78 percent, repre-
senting approximately $2 million.
The goal for women owned-busi-
nesses was 8 percent with the actu-
al achieved goal being around 4
percent and $10.8 million.
Unfortunately, the numbers didn't
come close, but there is some silver
lining in this dark cloud.
During the creation of this pro-
gram African American Council
members were adamant that if goals
were not met, then the program
staff would be empowered to use
more aggressive means of insuring
small and minority business partici-
pation. That is key in my opinion,
because by not reaching the pro-
posed goals minority firms could be
more aggressively targeted for city
We may even see the sheltering of
contract opportunities, which would
allow contracts to bid on by minori-
ties only. This was a process used in
the past that was very successful,
and allowed many African
American businesses to received
opportunities because they no
longer had to compete with some of
the larger companies.
These are opportunities that are
critical to a company's success.
Jesse Owens once said, "One
chance is all you need." Because it
is so hard for many small business-
es to compete,,with larger compa-
nies, sheltering or pro\ hiding project
goals opens the door for many.
To give you an example of the
disadvantages that small business
deal with when competing against
large companies let's just look at a
fire protection and mechanical
company. The large mechanical
corporations are able to out bid
small organizations because they
can typically get their supplies and
equipment at a cheaper price, which
lowers their bids on city contracts.
One could easily say, well that is
how life works, if you have a "sur-
vival of the fittest" mentality. And
there is nothing wrong with taking
that approach, but because small
businesses are the backbone of our
national economy I believe it is crit-
ical that local governments provide
opportunities for small corporations
Many of the social issues pledge
the African American community
are directly related to a lack of
employment and business opportu-
nities. Sociologist William Wilson
said it best, "Many of today's prob-
lems in the inner-city crime, disso-
lution of family, welfare are fun-
damentally a consequence of the
disappearance of work."
Jacksonville has had a minority
business opportunity program since
1984. We had some successes in the
past, but not many. In order for the
current program to claim success it
must be able to clearly track the
growth and development of small
and minority businesses.
One of the opponents of the pro-
gram asked a very important ques-
tion during the hearings nearly a
year and a half ago. The person
asked the Council to name a hand-
ful of companies that have clearly
benefited from the city's minority
I could only think of a few com-
panies that have "clearly" reap the
benefits of the program, and agree
with the opposition. We should be
able to clearly document numerous
companies that have developed
through the various components of
our current program.
This new Jacksonville Small and
Emerging Business (JSEB) pro-
gram is designed to help small and
minority business grow with 5 key
The Bond Enhancement Program
is designed to help small and minor-
ity businesses overcome one of the
key impediments to their success.
This program works with compa-
nies to secure performance and pay-
ment bonds for public and private
The Access to Capital component
addresses the issue of small busi-
nesses having financial challenges
because of the lack of access to
working capital. Through this pro-
gram the city has worked with area
lending institutions to create a loan
pool that will enable access to funds
small business need. This initiative
will also provide accounting schol-
arships and other financial training
opportunities. This is critical to
most emerging businesses.
The Private Sector
Support/Mentoring program is very
simple large successful businesses
embrace smaller companies to help
them become successful. The other
key parts of the program are the
education & training and
Ombudsman components. The
Ombudsman position basically
mediates performance and payment
disputes and other issues JSEB face
when dealing with the city and large
Continued on page 5
By B.B. Robinson, Ph.D.
Black athletes possess power-
house status in the world of sports.
Legendary black athletes dominate
the record books.
The Society for American
Baseball Research's "100 Greatest
Baseball Players" list, for example,
includes Hank Aaron, Reggie
Jackson and Willie Mays, among
others. Marshall Faulk currently
holds the NFL's record for the most
touchdowns in a season while the
MVP list contains superstar players
such as Randall Cunningham and
Lynn Swann. No one will ever for-
get basketball greats such as Wilt
Chamberlin, Magic Johnson and
Michael Jordan. Arthur Ashe and
Tiger Woods essentially broke the
color barrier in the country club
sports of tennis and golf, with Ashe
winning several Grand Slam tour-
naments in the 1970s and Woods
becoming the youngest player to
win the U.S. Masters Golf
No one can argue that blacks can-
not perform athletically.
But is there a downside to all of
those meritorious sports accom-
For one thing, it leads many black
youth to spend an inordinate
amount of time practicing to
become the next great sports super-
star. They will sometimes trade
time for schoolwork and job oppor-
tunities for that one-in-a-million
shot at glory on the playing field.
Furthermore, black athletes spend, -energy, ability, desire and talent in ,
a lifetime competing against each America's top athletes into energy,
other. This builds a natural animos- ability, desire and talent for learning
ity toward other blacks, including and knowledge. Without question,
those with whom it may someday and to the extent that blacks don't
be necessary to work cooperatively already occupy these spaces, blacks
as adult citizens. would hold their own and most
The media also tells blacks and likely exceed the brightest scholars
the rest of the world that the one in America today.
thing about which one can be cer- It's almost scary in a very posi-
tain is that blacks will come togeth- tive way what would come from
er when a big game is on the line. such a transformation.
This is irrespective of the hell that Some may argue that blacks
might be unleashed in their own choose to excel where opportunities
communities. are presented. It may be true that,
Additionally, those who forsake in earlier times, a sports career was
their education and do make it in one's only ticket out of poverty.
professional sports send a false and Today, however, available opportu-
negative message to black youths. nities within our reach also exist in
It implies that sports rather than information and knowledge.
education is the way to get ahead in Transfix the black mind on learn-
the world. ing and knowledge with the same
Black athletes who become gusto that we have pursued sports,
overnight millionaires also often and I assure you that there will be
buy their big, new homes in the no lack of opportunity economi-
suburbs, far away from the commu- cally, politically, socially or other-
nities of their origin. They take wise.
away the very substance that is This brings us back to the one
needed to revive black communi- sport that we should not give up -
ties. They enrich the lives of agents chess. With its emphasis on logic
that handle their affairs, construc- and tactical approaches, it's a sport
tion firms that build their houses, that can teach us volumes about
automobile dealers that provide how to respond strategically to our
their cars and others who have no ever-changing world.
relationship with black communi- A failure to de-emphasize athletic
ties. sports and to re-emphasize learning
This may not be a "brain drain," and knowledge may place black
but it certainly is a "wealth drain." Americans in the language of
Or perhaps it truly is a brain drain, chess in a "checkmate" position.
Imagine transforming all of the
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Should Blacks' Participation in
Sports be Limited to Chess?
FREE PRESS CONTRIBUTORS: Camilla P. Thompson Charles Griggs -
L. Marshall HeadShots Maretta Latimer Reginald Fullwood E.O. Hutchison -
Rahman Jolmson Alonzo Batson Manning Marable Bruce Burwell William Reed
Phyllis Mack Carlottra Slaton-F.M. Powell C.B. Jackson Bruce Burwell
Page 4 Ms. Perry's Free Press
February 16 -23, 2006
Ms. Perry's Free Press -Page 5 '-
phriorv 723 Mairch 1. 2006
HBCU Marching Bands Turn in Thrilling
Performances at Annual Battle of the Bands
Q: I recently attended a meeting last week that School Board
Member Betty Burney held. Why is the School Board having these
A: More than a year ago, the Duval County School Board was select-
ed as one of four school boards in the country to receive training in
school board governance from the prestigious Broad Education
Foundation. Recently, the Board initiated a number of improvements in
its governance operations, including better ways of gathering and
responding to community input.
One important result was the adoption in January of a new constituent
services policy. Under this policy, the district has developed specific
procedures for responding to questions and concerns to the School
Board from the community.
The new procedures include mechanisms for more timely responses,
feedback to the board members about the responses, and an information
management system to compile data on community requests so Board
members can analyze the types, numbers and patterns of requests.
In addition, the School Board also has begun a series of community
forums throughout the district to demonstrate its increased commitment
to receiving community input about public education. The series began
on January 24, with a forum at LaVilla School of the Arts, hosted by
District 5 School Board Member Betty Burney.
The forums will continue through September. Board members will
make brief presentations on several issues, including the minority stu-
dent achievement gap, issues before the state legislature, and the Board's
core beliefs and commitments. Community members also may address
the Board about education issues.
The entire Board and Superintendent Joseph Wise are scheduled to
attend all the forums. The rest of the schedule is:
Thursday, March 16, 7 p.m., Ed White High School, 1700 Old
Middleburg Rd. Host Board Member: Vicki Drake, District 6
Thursday, April 27, 6 p.m., Kernan Middle School, 2271 Kernan
Boulevard S. Host Board Member: Nancy Broner, District 2.
Tuesday, May 16, 6 p.m., Ribault High School, 3701 Winton Drive.
Host Board Member: Brenda Priestly Jackson, District 4.
Thursday, August 17, 6 p.m., Mandarin High School, 4831 Greenland
Road. Host Board Member: Tommy Hazouri, District 7.
Tuesday, September 12, 6 p.m., Terry Parker High School, 7301
Parker School Road. Host Board Member: Martha Barrett, District 1.
Florida State Conference of
NAACP Spring Quarterly
Meeting to be Held in Jax
The Florida State Conference
NAACP will hold its Spring
Conference in Jacksonville, Florida
March 3-5, 2006. Headquarters
will be Radisson Riverwalk Hotel,
1515 Prudential Drive. The Friday
night session, March 3rd, will be
held at Mt. Sinai Baptist Church,
2036 Silver Street, 7:00 p.m.
The Florida State Conference
NAACP holds Spring, Summer,
Winter, and Fall conferences in var-
ious cities in Florida to impart
information, gather information,
and make reports to its members.
Activities consist of the following:
Friday, March 3, 2006, 7:00
P.M. -Mass Meeting at Mt"S'inai
Baptist Church. This consists of
Worship service, greetings from
State and local officials, various
reports, and dinner served in the
Saturday, March 4, 2006, 7:30
A.M. Women In NAACP (WIN)
will host a Breakfast at the
Radisson Hotel. The Honorable
Willye F. Dennis will be the speak-
er. Donation of $15.00.
Saturday, March 4, 2006, 9:00
A.M -Spring Quarterly Meeting
will be held at Radisson Riverwalk
Hotel with President Adora Obi
Nweze, presiding. Reports will be
made from various officers, includ-
ing Executive Director, Treasurer,
and President. Committee reports
will also be made from the Youth
and College Division, ACT-SO,
Membership, and Freedom Fund.
The Jacksonville Branch President,
Isaiah Rumlin, encourages all
members of NAACP and those
desiring to become members to
attend. For further information,
please call the NAACP Office at
In a moving show of unity some
65,000 fans, 2,200 musicians and
200 gospel singers came together to
pay tribute to the humanity and
heroism of survivors of Hurricanes
Katrina and Rita, and the promise
of future heroes from America's
Historically Black Colleges and
Universities. Led by Former U.N.
Ambassador and Atlanta Mayor
Andrew Young, the message for all
was "Come hell or high water, we
have a legacy of survival."
That message resonated against a
colorful backdrop that was the 4th
annual Honda Battle of the Bands
Invitational Showcase, held in
Alanta, Ga. The ten "starring"
bands.for 2006 performed a dynam-
ic mix of today's hottest chart-top-
ping music, including crowd-pleas-
ing tracks like "Unpredictable,"
"Laffy Taffy," "Golddigger" and
many others. Featured bands
College, Florida A&M University,
Jackson State University, Prairie
View A&M University, North
Carolina Central University,
Langston University, Tuskegee
University, Virginia State
University, Clark Atlanta
Jackson State's Marching Band brought the house down.
University, and Central State
The Battle of the Bands sold out
early, complemented by the success
of Honda's first-ever HBCU
Recruitment fair, hosted the same
morning at the Georgia World
The Invitational Showcase placed
a well-deserved spotlight on a vari-
ety of HBCU marching styles,
including show bands with heart-
pounding drumlines, entertaining
skits and routines, powerful brass
sections plus a number of ensem-
bles complemented by ovation-get-
ting dance teams. This year
$141,000 in grants was awarded to
41 HBCU band programs, includ-
ing $10,000 each to the Invitational
mm 0 r-M- 'm10 A -4 A Ir -4d
Continued from page 4
One area that is suggested as an'
area for change is the residency..
requirement that the current pro-'::
gram includes. Past city programs,.
did not have a local residency',*
requirement for businesses to join4-'
the minority business program, but ',
because the City Council and,-,
Mayor's Office wanted to bolster,,,
the growth and opportunities for--
local companies a residency .
require was placed into this new,.
program. Participation is basically.
limited to businesses whose owners'
live in the Jacksonville MSA or are. ,.
The tighter restriction has caused
the number of minority-owned
businesses registered with the city
to drop from 766 to 294. There -'
should however be more opportu-
nities for homegrown businesses to-
get city contracts versus hiring out-
of-town firms to do the work.
There are still many opponents to
this program, and as we go into the
second year of this initiative it will :*'
be looked at with an even more
critical eye. Time will certainly tell -
if the Mayor and Council were on
point when the program was creat-
ed. Signing off from City Hall,
^~~~~~ h u ** ^^
Thousands Rally in 'allahassee to support K-12 Scnolarsnips
Marchers were steadfast en route to the capital.Shown above right is Bishop Harold Ray greeting the marchers.
Bishop Harold Ra-. founder of,
the Redemptive Life Fellowship
and Academy in West Palm Beach,
emceed the event and was joined on
stage by, among others,
Jacksonville parent Vanessa
Williams, Sen., John McKay and
Gov. Jeb Bush. All of the speakers
spoke about the importance of these
scholarship programs and occasion-
ally leading them in a chant of
"Save Our Students!"
"We are here to sound the alarm,"
Ray's voice roared over loud speak-
ers. "Sound an alarm on behalf of
the 15,000 students using Bright
Futures Scholarships... strategical-
ly placed in the path of destruc-
"This is much more than a march,
it is now our mission," he added.
"This is much more than a protest, it
is a proclamation. This is much
more than a rally, it is the beginning
of a revolution." .
When the Florida Supreme Court
last month declared the state's
Opportunity Scholarship Program
unconstitutional, it sent shock-
waves through the households of
many low-income and working-
In his speech Ray also referred to
the children using other programs
like the Corporate Tax Credit
Scholarship, McKay Scholarship
Programs and Voluntary Pre-K, to
name a few, who were in danger of
meeting the same fate as the 700-
plus children who will lose their
Opportunity Scholarships this year.
And, like a lot of parents today,
Melissa Jones of Orlando whose
son Ryan is excelling with a McKay
Scholarship is worried about hav-
ing to leave her child at the mercy
of a public educational process that
has failed to meet the needs of her
" child; if'the"remaining scholarship
programs meet the same fate.
"I really like the idea of sending
my child to a school where I can
communicate with his teachers,"
Jones said. "I was really terrified
when learned my son could be
forced to go to a public middle
With choice some parents may
determine that a public school edu-
cation works well for their child.
But some parents may find that
their child's educational needs are
best served by in another setting -
charter school or private school.
Clearly, with education, as with
most things in life, one size does
not fit all.
"People should be able to chose
where their children go to school "
said Gov. Bush. "If you've got
money you can make that choice."
"But what about the parents who
don't have the income," he added.
"Don't they have dreams?"
The governor announced that he
would ask the Florida Legislature to:
place the question of weather pub-
licly funded scholarships should be.
allowed on the ballot during thel
November election, giving parents
have the final say.
Florida's corporate tax credit
scholarship program makes it possi-
ble for students from low-income
families to get a scholarship to
attend a public or private school..
Currently, nearly 42% of the 13,500-
scholarship students are Black.
Given the politically charged nature,
of school choice programs, parents
have had to rally each year to, show"
their support for the tax creditrand ,,
other scholarship programs bach-.'
year. This year was no different.
The Black Alliance for Educational
Options (BAEO) believes that edu- ,
eating our children is not and
should not be a political issue, but is :
a basic human rights and social jus-
tice issue ,'
"Children are our most precious
resource and we will do whatever it,
takes to make sure every child -
especially those from low-income ,
and working-class families have -,
the same access to a quality educa-,.
tion as children from wealthy fami-'
lies," said Dr. Howard Fuller, Board
Chair of BAEO. "And to do this we,
will continue to grow strong and,-
remain unafraid because we are on '.
the right side of history."
For more information on joining .
BAEO's Florida chapter call .-
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is a better bank for your money and your lifestyle
Jacksonville City Council Member Glorious Johnson, Chair of the
City's Value Adjustment Board, will host a Not-For-Profit
Organization Tax Exemption Forum to be held on Monday,
February 27, 2006 from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon in the Renaissance
Room, 1st floor, Jacksonville City Hall, 117 W. Duval Street in
The forum, co-sponsored by the City of Jacksonville, the Duval
County Property Appraiser and Duval County Tax Collector, is
designed to help private not-for-profit organizations in
Jacksonville, including churches, schools, social service agencies,
and others, understand their eligibility for exemption from local
property taxes and the process and timeline for applying for such
exemptions. Presenters will include Value Adjustment Board Chair
Glorious Johnson, Property Appraiser Jim Overton, Tax Collector
Mike Hogan, and others who will explain what types of activities do
and do not qualify for the property tax exemption, how and when to
make application for the exemption, and how and when to appeal
adverse decisions regarding qualification for the exemption.
All interested parties are invited to attend.
Further information may be obtained from Elaine Febles, VAB
Aide, City Council Office, 630-1212, ext. 4293 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Free $50 SunTrust Visa Gift Card
for opening a Free Personal or
Free Business Checking Account
Seeing beyond money
Open a new Free Checking Account from 2/13/06 through 3/31/06 to receive a redemption certificate for a free $50 SunTrust Visa Gift Card. Clients must complete and postmark the redemption certificate included in the new checking account materials
no later than 4/21/06. The account must remain open and in good standing as of 5/31/06 in order to qualify for the offer; only one redemption certificate per household. The $50 SunTrust Visa Gift Card will be sent to qualifying clients by 7/15/06.
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; Page 6 Ms. Perry's Free Press
SSword and Shield Kingdom Outreach
Ministry 2006 Serious Praise
-, The community is invited to share in the Sword and Shield Outreach
: ministry's "2006 Serious Praise!" at 3:45 p.m. on Sunday, February 26th,
at the Father's House Conference Center, Building 2, 1820 Monument
.- Road. Rev. Mattie W. Freeman, Founder/Pastor invites you to hear the
Word and Praise Team, under the direction of Ms. Kenshela Williams
:: Evangelist Ethel Pritchard and Pastor Jose L. Bosque, along with Soloist
Sister Pat Speights. You don't want to miss this service.
;: First AME Opens Sale to Vendors
A The Inspirational Choir of First AME Church, 91 Old Kings Road
., North, Palm Coast; is sponsoring a "White Elephant" Sale, Saturday,
March 11, 2006, from 8 a.m. to 2. Vendors are welcome. For more infor-
y mation, call (386) 446-5759.
New Bethel AME's Project
Chase Connects Home and School
^> New Bethel AME Church, 1231 Tyler Street invites all to join Project
2y Chase for the opportunity to improve your educational skills, earn a GED,
:, employment skills, and parenting skills to help your child be successful in
school. Project Chase meets Monday thru Thursday, 5:30 p.m. to 8:30
* p.m., free childcare is available. A few slots are still available. For more
X* information, please call (904) 353-1822 or 630-7255.
.: Believers in Christ Host "Feel the
f;; Power Leadership Summit"
, Believers in Christ Christian Center, 11565-107 North Main Street,
, Bishop Don & Pastor Deborah Bernard, Pastors; will host the "Feel the
Power Leadership Summit" Friday and Saturday, February 24-25, 2006.
<. Bishop Terrance Calloway, Independent Church Fellowship Conference,
Brunswick, GA; will be the speaker at 7 p.m., Friday night; Elder Bernard
,, Reyes of St. Mary's GA will speak at 10 a.m. on Saturday; and at 3 p.m.,
Saturday, Bishop Don Bernard, will address the summit. Guest choirs will
V, be in attendance.
Present "Open Mic Night"
'. The Love of Christ Comnuniti Church, 1481 East 16th Street, will hold
"Open Mic Night" every last Friday Night of the Month, starting Friday,
February 24, 2006, there is no admission charge. For more information,
call DeeDee Vann at (904) 703-6585.
February 23 March 1, 2006
I P S 1 tR IT
W'^SaBr^ .j..* ^k ^L JL ^L
St. Nicholas Bethel Baptist Celebrate
Church and Pastor's Anniversary
St. Nicholas Bethel Baptist Church, 2606 San Diego Road, will cele-
brate their 26th Church Anniversary, and the 13th Anniversary of their
Pastor, Rev. Dr. Richard W. Jackson. The observance begins at 4 p.m. on
Sunday, February 26th and continues at 7 p.m. on Monday, February 27th;
Wednesday, March 1st, and Friday, March 3th. The celebration will cul-
minate with the final service at 4 p.m. on Sunday, March 5, 2006. Rev.
Andrew Sims is Chairman; Rev. Earl Wyman, Publicity Committee Lead;
and Ms. Ava Baxter, Publicity Committee.
St. Thomas Invites All to Join them
for "Family and Friends" Cruise
St. Thomas Baptist Church, Rev. Ernie L. Murray, Pastor; invites the
public to join them for their "Family & Friends" Cruise aboard the "Fun"
Ship, "Carnival Liberty" for an 8-day Exotic Western Caribbean Cruise,
November 25, 2006. For more information, please call Prince Walker at
(904) 696-3160 or 614--5108; or Valerie Moore at (904) 699-0404; or
Wanda at (904) 739-2224, ext. 243.
100 Women in Pink & 100 Men in
Pink Ties at Grace Baptist Church
Please come and join the Women and Men of Grace Baptist Church,
1553 East 21st Street, at 7 p.m. on Friday evening, February 24th. Ladies
are requested to wear their beautiful pink dresses or suits
and Men are requested to wear pink ties, but if you do not have pink attire,
don't let that stop you for coming to praise and worship the Lord.
Final Performances Heaven's Gate
Drama Presented February 23-24th
Many lives have been radically changed by the "Heaven's Gates Drama"
which is widely supported by many churches. Presented for the 15th con-
secutive year, "Heaven's Gates" will be presented at the new Southwest
Campus, 5040 C.R. 218, Middleburg; Thursday and Friday evenings;
Sunday Services begin with Sunday School at 9:45 a.m.; Morning Worship
at 10:45 a.m.
*** NOTICE: Church news is printed of charge in the
Jacksonville Free Press. Information must be submitted no later than
Monday at 5 p.m. of the week you would lie it to run. Nominal charge
for photographs. Call 634-1993 for more information.****
St. Nicholas Bethel Baptist Observes
Church and Pastor Anniversaries
The St. Nicholas Bethel Baptist
Church, 2606 San Diego Road, will
celebrate the 126th Anniversary of
the Church, and the 13th
Anniversary of Pastor, Rev. Dr.
Richard W. Jackson, Sunday,
February 26th through Sunday,
March 5, 2006. The Anniversary
Theme is, "We Are Working On A
Building Holding Up The Blood
Stained Banner For Jesus Christ."
Scripture: Nehemiah 6:3.
Visiting Churches include:
Bethany Baptist Church, Rev. John
Perry; Greater New Mt. Moriah
Missionary Baptist, Rev. Rev.
Percy Jackson; and Christian
United Baptist Church, Rev. John
Hicks; at 4p.m., Sunday, February
New Mt. Canaan Baptist, Rev. Dr.
Perry Robinson, Pastor; St.
Matthew Baptist, Rev. George
Price; and Israel United Baptist
Church, Rev. Eugene White; at 7
p.m., Monday, February 27th.
Apostolic Shiloh Holiness Church,
Rev. Gloria Anderson; and First
Samuel Baptist Church, Rev. Ralph
Jennings; at 7 p.m., Wednesday,
Jerusalem Baptist, Rev. Brian
Campbell; and New Bethel AME;
Community Revived Center
Church, Rev. Alfred Cotton; Friday,
""March 3rd, at 7 p.m..
Jones Temple Church of God in
Christ, Elder Reginald Williams;
Renewed Life Ministries, Pastors
Larry and Barbara Brown;
Evergreen Baptist Church, Rev.
Elbert Moreland, and Mt. Zion
Baptist Church, Rev. Samuel
Norris; Sunday, March 5th at 4 p.m.
The public is invited.
"Gee Wiz it's The Gospel!" Returns
A third performance of the theatrical play "Gee Wiz It's The Gospel,"
showcasing the Hope Chapel Thespians, will be presented at 6:30 p.m.,
Saturday, February 25th, at the Ritz Theatre/LaVilla Museum, 829 North
Davis Street. The Hope Chapel Thespians Ministry of Fine Arts proudly
presents this return engagement. The play is a gospel spectacular as the
Hope Chapel Thespians tell how Dorothy is faced with the decision of
whether or not her response to the Gospel of Jesus Christ will be yes, come
with us, and follow Dorothy down the yellow brick road through a musi-
cal repertoire of classical and contemporary gospel arrangements. "Gee
Wiz it's The Gospel" is renowned for it's energy, virtuosity and total com-
mitment to excellence. The play is directed and produced by the gifted
Alison Holmes Bartley. Tickets are available at Hope Chapel Assembly,
9840 Wagoner Road (between US1 & Sibald Rd., or call (904) 924-2000
Bethel Baptist Institutional Church
215 Bethel Baptist Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202 (904) 354-1464
Sunday Morning Worship
7:40 a.m. and 10:45 a.m.
3rd Sunday 3:30 p.m.
The Word from the Sons
and Daughters of Bethel
Wednesday Noon Service
"Miracle at Midday"
12 noon-1 p.m.
Dinner and Bible Study
at 5:00 p.m. 6:30 p.m.
Com Sar i H 1YOUO Onl t wMMU a
WCGL 1360 AM
Thursday 8:15 -8:45 anm.
AM 1400 Thursday 7:00 8:00 p.m.
WTLV Channel 12
Sunday Mornings at 6:30 a.m.
The Church That Reaches lip to God And lut to Man
St. Thomas Missionary
5863 Moncrief Road Jacksonville, FL 32209
(904) 768-8800 F5a(904) 764-3800
'Early Worship 8:00 a.m..
Sunday School 9:15 a.m.
Morning Worship 10:45 a.m.
S1st Sunday 3a45 p.m.
.", Lord's Supper
4th: Sunday. -Training Ministry
, ..Tuesday -7:30-p.m..
Prayer Meetingand Bible Study
Wednesday- 12 Noon
Noon Day Worship
Thursday -. 4:00 p.m.
Pastor Ernie Murray, Sr.
New Southwest Campus
Hwy 218 across front Wilkinson Jr. High
Friday 7:30 p.m. Heaven's Gates
Sat. 10 a.mn.-noon WinterFest
A Huge Children's Festival
Sun. 9:45 a.mn. Sunday School
Sunday 10:45 a.ma. 1st Service
5755 Ramona Blvd. Jacksonville, FL 32205 904-781-9393
\\ebsite: \w\ .ep anveltempleac.org Email: et anieltempleI-*ee angeltemple.orv
10:45 am. Setrice InPi'pretedfor Deaf Q_ Central Campus
lost for Christ
Pastor London Williams, Sr.
8:00 A.M. Early Morning Worship
9:30 a.m. Sunday School
11:00 a.m. Morning Worship
Tuesday Evening 7 p.m. Prayer Service
Wednesday Bible Study 6:30-7 p.m.
FREE TUTORING FOR YOUTH IN ENGLISH, SCIENCE, HIS-
TORY AND MATH TUESDAY & THURSDAY 6:30 8 P.M.
The doors of Macedonia are.hat" l wytLpay be of an.ty ;tltuce.to
you in your spiritual-walk, please co ntactsuil s cuw j iat .renterMacaoLyoma. '-
^ */*, ^ .- t' '"-<. i. x '" -... : *'l ..* '. ;
Evangel Temple Assembly of God
Lane Ave. & -.10
Sunday, February 26th
8:15 a.m. & 10:45 a.m.
"Miracles are Stil For Today"
Special Prayer for the Sick
* God Can Heal the Physical & Emotional
6:00 p.m. Evangelist Jim Raley
Now Over 8 Years!
The Tuskegee Experiment,
Insurrections that Decimated Communities
Racial unrest and violence against African Americans permeated domestic developments in the United States during the post-World War I era.
From individual lynching to massive violence against entire African American communities, whites in both the North and the South lashed out
against African Americans with a rage that knew few bounds. From Chicago to Tulsa, to Omaha, East St. Louis, and many communities in between,
and finally to Rosewood, white mobs pursued what can only be described as a reign of terror against African Americans during the period from 1917
i The Rosewood Massacre is now written in
history as one of the worst race riots in
American history, in which hundreds of an-
gry whites killed an undetermined number
of blacks and burnt down their Florida com-
JIn 1922 Rosewood, Florida, was a small,
predominantly black town. During the win-
ter of 1922, two events in the vicinity of
Rosewood aggravated local race relations:
the murder of a white schoolteacher in
nearby Perry, which led to the murder of
three blacks, and a Ku Klux Klan rally in
Gainesville on New Year's Eve.
On New Year's Day of 1923, Fannie Tay-
lor, a young white woman living in Sumner,
claimed that a black man sexually assaulted
her in her home. A small group of whites
began searching for a recently escaped black
convict named Jesse Hunter, whom they
believed to be responsible. They incarcer-
ated one suspected accomplice, Aaron Car-
rier, and lynched another, Sam Carter. The
men then targeted Aaron's cousin Sylvester
Carrier, a fur trapper and private music in-
structor, who was rumored to be harboring
Jesse Hunter.A group of 20 to 30 white men
went to Sylvester Carrier's house to confront
him. They shot his dog, and when his
mother, Sarah, stepped outside to talk with
the men, they shot her.
Sylvester killed two men and wounded
four in the shoot-out that ensued. After the
men left, the women and children, who prior
to this had gathered in Carrier's house for
protection, fled to the swamp where the ma-
jority of Rosewood's residents had already
The white men returned to Carrier's house
the following evening. After a brief shoot-
out, they entered the house, found the bodies
of Sarah Carrier and a black man whom they
believed to be Sylvester Carrier, and set the
residence on fire.
The men then proceeded to rampage
through Rosewood, torching other buildings
and slaughtering animals. They were joined
by a mob of about 200 whites who con-
verged on Rosewood after finding out that a
black man had killed two whites.That night
two local white train conductors, John and
William Bryce, who knew all of Rosewood's
residents, picked up the black women and
children and took them to Gainesville. John
Wright, a white general store owner who hid
a number of black women and children in
his home during the riot, planned and helped
carry out this evacuation effort. The African
Americans who escaped by foot headed for
Gainesville or for other cities in the northern
By the end of the weekend all of Rose-
wood was leveled except for the Wright
house and the general store. Although the
state of Florida claimed that only eight peo-
ple died in the Rosewood riot-two whites
A burning house in Rosewood, FL in January 4, 1923.
and six blacks-testimonies by survivors
suggest that more African Americans per-
ished. No one was charged with the Rose-
wood murders. After the riot, the town was
deserted and even blacks living in surround-
ing communities moved out of the area.
Although the Rosewood riot received na-
tional coverage in the New York Times and
the Washington Post as it unfolded, it was
neglected by historians. Survivors of Rose-
wood did not come forward to tell their story
because of the shame they felt for having
been connected with the riot. They also kept
silent out of fear of being persecuted or
killed. In 1993 the Florida Department of
Law Enforcement conducted an investiga-
tion into the case, and this led to the drafting
of a bill to compensate the survivors of the
After an extended debate and several hear-
ings, the Rosewood Bill, which awarded
$150,000 to each of the riot's nine eligible
black survivors, was passed in April 1994.
In spite of the state's financial compensation,
the survivors remained frightened. When
asked if he would go back to Rosewood,
survivor Wilson Hall said, "No, ... They still
don't want me down there."
Tulsa, Oklahoma Race Riots, May 30, 1921
Although the number of lynching had de-
clined from 64 in 1921 to 57 in 1922. In
1921 Tulsa was the site of one of the worst
race riots in U.S. history. From the evening
of May 31st, to the afternoon of June 1,
1921, more Americans killed fellow Ameri-
cans in the Tulsa riot than probably anytime
since the Civil War.
The official death count in the days fol-
lowing the riot was around 35, but evidence
has surfaced through an investigation to sug-
gest that at least 300 people were killed.
Rumors still persist that hundreds, not doz-
enfs, of people were killed and that bodies
were crudely buried in mass graves, stuffed
into coal mines and tossed into the Arkansas
River. If so, the Tulsa race riot would go
down as the worst single act of domestic
violence on U. S. soil since the Civil War;
worse than the 1965 Watts riot, the 1967
Detroit riot, the 1992 Los Angeles riot and
the 1995 Oklahoma city bombing
Those events left a total of 301 dead. Two
days of violence and arson directed by
whites against African American neighbor-
hoods left hundreds dead, hundreds injured,
and more than 1500 African American
owned homes and 600 businesses destroyed.
Also destroyed in the African American
neighborhoods were 21 churches, 21 restau-
rants, 30 stores, 2 movie theaters, a hospital,
a bank, the post office, libraries, and
On May 30, 1921, a 19-year-old African
American shoeshine man named Dick Row-
land entered the Drexal building downtown
to use the segregated restroom. While ap-
proaching the elevator, which apparently
hadn't stopped evenly with the floor, Mr.
Rowland tripped and fell on the operator, a
17-year-old white girl named Sarah Page.
Ms. Page not knowing it was accidental at-
tempts to hit Mr. Rowland with her purse.
Mr. Rowland grabs Ms. Page, attempting to
stop her assault. Ms. Page screams, Mr.
Rowland runs out of the elevator and the
building. Ms. Page tells the police that the
man had attempted to criminally assault her.
Ms. Page later changes her story and said he
grabbed her. Authorities arrested Mr. Row-
land and held him overnight in the county
jail, though Ms. Page declined to press
The following day, the Tulsa Tribune ran
a story in the afternoon edition headlined,
"Nab Negro For Attacking Girl In Elevator,"
and added a racially charged editorial calling
for a lynching. That evening a crowd of
about 400 whites gather around the jail,
some say to help with or view the lynching.
Shortly there after, the news reached the
African American community. A group of
about 25 African Americans, all armed head
to the jail.
When they arrive, they find out the story to the local police. Within a week of the riot,
had been exaggerated. After talking to the
deputy sheriff, whom reassured them no
harm would come to Mr. Rowland, the Afri-
can Americans went home. But later they
returned, this time numbering about 75.
Again the sheriff convinced them no harm
would come to Mr. Rowland. As they were
leaving a white man (possibly a deputy)
attempted to disarm one of them. A shot was
fired. By 10pm shots were being fired indis-
criminately by both sides, 12 men were dead
(2 African Americans, 10 whites). The fight-
ing continued until around midnight.
The African Americans, being outnum-
bered, begin to retreat back to their section
of town. Mobs of whites began to drive
around the streets, shooting any African
American person they saw. Sometime near
lam, the mayor and the chief of police sent a
message to the governor, informing him that
the riot was out of control and requested
assistance. The governor activated the Okla-
homa National Guard and requested two
companies of soldiers from Fort Sill. The
first group of guardsmen arrived before
2:30am. By 5am, a mob of 10,000-15,000
whites gathered near First St. and Elgin then
marched on Greenwood, setting fire to every
Friday, June 3rd martial law was revoked
and the national guard returned the city back
African Americans were made to carry
"green cards". African Americans working
in a permanent jobs wore "green cards",
signed by their employer as a matter of iden-
tification. Employers would go to the issuing
location to identify the employee, then the '-
employee would be issued the "green card".
Any African American found in the streets
without a "green card" were to be arrested
after Tuesday, June 7th and taken to the fair-
grounds camp to help the African American
victims of the riot. More than 7,500 cards
The Greenwood District was rebuilt, but
never again achieved the national reknown
and economic status it had enjoyed as the
country's "Negro Wall Street". Now Okla-
homa officials are opening up a nearly 80-
year-old wound, conducting an investigation
to find out once and for all what happened in
Tulsa on May 31st and June 1,1921. Investi-
gators intend to sweep metal-detection de-
vices over a suspected site in search of belt
buckles, shoe nails and other evidence that
might suggest a mass grave. If investigators
find something, they may excavate the site
to search for remains. The main aims of the
project are to spur healing and closure in
Tulsa and possibly to offer survivors and
descendants of victims some sort of repara-
Lynchings were often photographed and highly popular, well attended social events in the southern states.
Lynching Practices Terrorize
Blacks in the South for Decades
Lynching is the practice whereby a mob--usually several
dozen or several hundred persons--takes the law into its own
hands in order to injure and kill a person accused of some
wrongdoing. The alleged offense can range from a serious
crime like theft or murder to a mere violation of local cus-
toms and sensibilities. The issue of the victim's guilt is usu-
ally secondary, since the mob serves as prosecutor, judge,
jury, and executioner. Due process yields to momentary
passions and expedient objectives.
Vigilantism, or summary justice, has a long history, but
the term lynch law originated during the American Revolu-
tion with Col. Charles Lynch and his Virginia associates,
who responded to unsettled times by making their own rules
white dominance. Occasionally, this complemented the
profit motive, when the lynching of a successful black
farmer or immigrant merchant opened new economic oppor-
tunities for local whites and simultaneously reaffirmed eve-
ryone's "place" in the social hierarchy. Sometimes lynching
was aimed at unpopular ideas: labor union organizers, po-
litical radicals, critics of America's role in World War I, and
civil rights advocates were targets.
African-Americans suffered grievously under lynch law.
With the close of Reconstruction in the late 1870s, southern
whites were determined to end northern and black participa-
tion in the region's affairs, and northerners exhibited a
growing indifference toward the civil rights of black Ameri-
FUNCTIONS OF LYNCHING
*flrg. to maintain social order over the:black population through terrorism;
* secoM, to suppress Tof eliminate black- competitors for economic; political, or social rewards
* third, to stabilize the white class structure and preserve the privileged status of the white aristocracy"
for confronting Tories and criminal elements. "Lynching" cans. Taking its cue from this intersectional white harmony,
found an easy acceptance as the nation expanded. Raw fron- the federal government abandoned its oversight of constitu-
tier conditions encouraged swift punishment for real, imag- tional protections. Southern and border states responded
ined, or anticipated criminal behavior. Historically, social with the Jim Crow laws of the 1890s, and white mobs flour-
control has been an essential aspect of mob rule. ished. With blacks barred from voting, public office, and
Opponents of slavery in pre-Civil War America and cattle jury service, officials felt no obligation to respect minority
rustlers, gamblers, horse thieves, and other "desperadoes" in interests or safeguard minority lives. In addition to lynch-
the South and Old West were nineteenth-century targets. ings of individuals, dozens of race riots--with blacks as vic-
From the 1880s onward, however, mob violence increas- tims--scarred the national landscape from Wilmington,
ingly reflected white America's contempt for various racial, North Carolina, in 1898 to Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1921.
ethnic, and cultural groups. African-Americans especially, Between 1882 (when reliable statistics were first col-
and sometimes Native Americans, Latinos, Jews, Asian elected) and 1968 (when the classic forms of lynching had
immigrants, and European newcomers, felt the mob's fury. disappeared), 4,743 persons died of lynching, 3,446 of them
In an era when racist theories prompted "true Americans" to black men and women. Mississippi (539 black victims, 42
assert their imagined superiority through imperialist ven- white) led this grim parade of death, followed by Georgia
tures, mob violence became the domestic means of asserting (492, 39), Texas (352, 141), Louisiana (335, 56), and Ala-
bama (299, 48). From 1882 to 1901, the annual number na-
tionally usually exceeded 100; 1892 had a record 230 deaths
(161 black, 69 white). Although lynchings declined some-
what in the twentieth century, there were still 97 in 1908 (89
black, 8 white), 83 in the racially troubled postwar year of
1919 (76, 7, plus some 25 race riots), 30 in 1926 (23, 7), and
28 in 1933 (24, 4).
Statistics do not tell the entire story, however. These were
recorded lynchings; others were never reported beyond the
community involved. Furthermore, mobs used especially
sadistic tactics when blacks were the prime targets. By the
1890s lynchers increasingly employed burning, torture, and
dismemberment to prolong suffering and excite a "festive
atmosphere" among the killers and onlookers. White fami-
lies brought small children to watch, newspapers sometimes
carried advance notices, railroad agents sold excursion tick-
ets to announced lynching sites, and mobs cut off black vic-
tims' fingers, toes, ears, or genitalia as souvenirs. Nor was it
necessarily the handiwork of a local rabble; not infre-
quently, the mob was encouraged or led by people promi-
nent in the area's political and business circles. Lynching
had become a ritual of interracial social control and recrea-
tion rather than simply a punishment for crime.
In 1932 the American Government prom-
ised 400 men all residents of Macon
County, Alabama, all poor, all African
American free treatment for Bad Blood, a
euphemism for syphilis which was epidemic
in the county. Treatment for syphilis was
never given to the men and was in fact with-
held. The men became unwitting subjects for
a government sanctioned medical investiga-
tion: The Tuskegee Study of Untreated
Syphilis in the Negro Male. The Tuskegee
Study, which lasted for 4 decades, until
1972, had nothing to do with treatment. No
new drugs were tested; neither was any ef-
fort made to establish the efficacy of old
forms of treatment. It was a non-therapeutic
experiment, aimed at compiling data on the
effects of the spontaneous evolution of
syphilis on black males. What has become
clear since the story was broken by Jean
Heller in 1972 was that the Public Health
Service (PHS) was interested in using
Macon County and its black inhabitants as a
laboratory for studying the long-term effects
of untreated syphilis, not in treating this
deadly disease. These men, for the most part
illiterate sharecroppers from one of the
poorest counties in Alabama, were never
told what disease they were suffering from
or of its seriousness. The data for the experi-
ment was to be collected from autopsies of
the men, and they were thus deliberately left
to degenerate under the ravages of tertiary
syphilis which can include tumors, heart
disease, paralysis, blindness, insanity, and
death. "As I see it," one of the doctors in-
volved explained, "we have no further inter-
est in these patients until they die."
Using Human Beings as
The Tuskegee Study symbolizes the medi-
cal misconduct and blatant disregard for
human rights that takes place in the name of
science. The studies principal investigators
were not mad scientists, they were govern-
ment physicians, respected men of science,
who published reports on the study in the
leading medical journals. The subjects of the
study bear witness to the premise that the
-*' burden of medical experimentation has his-
torically been borne by those least able to
The true nature of the experiment had to
be- kept from the subjects to ensure their
cooperation. The sharecroppers' grossly dis-
advantaged lot in life made them easy to
manipulate. Pleased at the prospect of free
I medical care -almost
none of them had ever
seen a doctor before-
and tnisting men be-
camne the pawns in
What James Jones,
author of the excellent
.. history on the subject,
Bad Blood, identified
a.s lithe longest non
S therapeutic experiment
oMi inuman beings in
S The government doc-
... tors' % ho participated
isiii the study failed to
obtain informed consent from the subjects in
a study of disease with a known risk to hu-
man life. Instead, the PHS offered the men
incentives to participate: free physical ex-
aminations, free rides to and from the clin-
ics, hot meals on examination days, free
treatment for minor ailments, and a guaran-
tee that a burial stipend would be paid to
their survivors. This modest stipend of
$50.00 represented the only form of burial
insurance that many of the men had. By fail-
ing to obtain informed consent and offering
incentives for participation, the PHS doctors
were performing unethical and immoral ex-
periments on human subjects. From the mo-
ment the experiment begun, the immorality
of the experiment was blatantly apparent.
The study was meant to discover how
syphilis affected blacks as opposed to
whites -the theory being that whites ex-
perienced more neurological complications
from syphilis, whereas blacks were more
susceptible to cardiovascular damage. How
this knowledge would have changed clinical
treatment of syphilis is uncertain.
Although the PHS touted the study as one
of great scientific merit, from the outset its
actual benefits were hazy. It took almost
forty years before someone involved in the
study took a hard and honest look at the end
results, reporting that "nothing learned will
prevent, find, or cure a single case of infec-
tious syphilis or bring us closer to our basic
mission of controlling venereal disease in
the United States."
When the experiment was brought to the
attention of the media in 1972, news anchor
Harry Reasoner described it as an experi-
ment that "used human beings as laboratory
animals in a long and inefficient study of
how long it takes syphilis to kill someone."
muth, neoarsphenamine, and mer- ways happy to see the doctors," and an Ala-
but in such small amounts that only 3 bama state health officer who had been in-
t showed any improvement. volved claimed "somebody is trying to make
:e token doses of medicine were good a mountain out of a molehill."
relations and did not interfere with Under the glare of publicity, the govem-
.e aims of the study. Eventually, all ment ended their experiment, and for the
s treatment was replaced with "pink first time provided the men with effective
ne" AKA aspirin, medical treatment for syphilis. Fred Gray, a
nsure that the men would show up for lawyer who had previously defended Rosa
ful and potentially dangerous spinal Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr. filed a
e PHS doctors misled them with a class action suit that provided a $10 million
full of promotional hype: "Last out-of-court settlement for the men and their
e for Special Free Treatment." The families. Gray, however, named only whites
at autopsies would eventually be re- and white organizations as defendants in the
was also concealed. suit, portraying Tuskegee as a black and
a doctor explained, "If the colored white case when it was in fact more complex
tion becomes aware that accepting than that -black doctors and institutions
hospital care means a post-mortem, had been involved from beginning to end.
darky will leave Macon County..." The PHS did not accept the media's com-
the Surgeon General of the United prison of Tuskegee with the appalling ex-
participated in enticing the men to periments performed by Nazi doctors on
in the experiment, sending them cer- their Jewish victims during World War II.
s of appreciation after 25 years in the Yet in addition to the medical and racist
parallels, the PHS offered the same morally
allowing Doctors' Orders bankrupt defense offered at the Nuremberg
kes little imagination to ascribe racist trials: they claimed they were just carrying
es to the white government officials out orders, mere cogs in the wheel of the
an the experiment, but what can one PHS bureaucracy, exempt from personal
of the numerous African Americans responsibility.
collaborated with them? The experi- On July 23, 1973, Fred Gray, a prominent
name comes from the Tuskegee Insti- civil rights lawyer, brought a $1.8 billion
he black university founded by Booker class action civil suit against many of those
shington. Its affiliated hospital lent institutions and individuals involved in the
S its medical facilities for the study, study. Gray demanded $3 million in dam-
her predominantly black institutions as ages for each living participant and the heirs
s local black doctors also participated. of the deceased. The case never came to
k nurse, Eunice Rivers, was a central trial. In December, 1974, the government
foremost ofits fortyyears. agreed to a $10 million out of court settle-
promise of recognition by a prestig- ment. The living participants each received
ovemment agency may have obscured $37,500 in damages, the heirs of the de-
ubling aspects of the study for some. ceased, $15 000. Gray received nearly $1
skegee doctor, for example, praised million in legal fees. Had the subjects of The
educational advantages offered our in- Tuskegee Study been taken advantage of?
ind nurses as well as the added stand- Although the survivors and the families of
will give the hospital." Nurse Rivers the deceased received compensation, no
ned her role as one of passive obedi- PHS officer who had been directly involved
"we were taught that we never diag- in the study felt contrition. No apologies
we never prescribed; we followed the were ever tendered; no one ever admitted
P's instructions!" any wrong doing. On the contrary, the PHS
clear that the men in the experiment officers made it clear that they felt they were
d her and that she sincerely cared about acting in good conscience. They felt be-
vell-being, but her unquestioning sub- trayed by the government's failure to defend
n to authority eclipsed her moral judg- the study they commissioned. But as one
Even after the experiment was ex- survivor said "...I don't know what they used
S... L pl us for. I ain't never understood the study."
pose to pu c scrutiny, s e genuney et
nothing ethical had been amiss.
One of the most chilling aspects of the
experiment was how zealously the PHS kept
these men from receiving treatment. When
The Legacy of Tuskegee
In 1990, a survey found that 10 percent of
African Americans believed that the U.S.
A Heavy Price in the several nationwide campaigns to eradicate government created AIDS as a plot to exte
Name of Bad Science venereal disease came to Macon County, the minate blacks, and another 20 percent cou
By the end of the experiment, 28 of the men were. prevented from participating. not rule out the possibility that this might t
men had died directly of syphilis, 100 were Even when penicillin, the first real cure for true. As preposterous and paranoid as th
dead of related complications, 40 of their syphilis was discovered in the 1940s, the may sound, at one time the Tuskegee expert
wives had been infected, and 19 of their Tuskegee men were deliberately denied the ment must have seemed equally farfetched.
children had been born with congenital medication. Who could imagine the government,
syphilis. How had these men been induced Blowing the Whistle the way up to the Surgeon General of tt
to endure a fatal disease in the name of sci- The story finally broke in the Washington United States, deliberately allowing a grot
ence? Star on July 25, 1972, in an article by Jean of its citizens to die from a terrible diseai
To persuade the community to support the Heller of the Associated Press. Her source for the sake of an ill-conceived experiment
experiment, one of the original doctors ad- was Peter Buxtun, a former PHS venereal In light of this and many other shame
mitted it "was necessary to carry on this disease interviewer and one of the few whis- episodes in our history, African American
study under the guise of a demonstration and tle blowers over the years. The PHS, how- widespread mistrust of the government ar
provide treatment." At first, the men were ever, remained unrepentant, claiming the white society in general should not be a su
prescribed the syphilis remedies of the day men had been "volunteers" and "were al- priseto anyone.
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 9
ohruurv 23 Mairc'h 1. 2006
Mardi Gras Is Alive and Well in New Orleans
(L-R) Historic St. Charles Avenue in New Orleans as thousands of revellers turn out to enjoy the carnival festivities, A dog travels with his owner down St. Ann Street in the French Quarter while riding in a car
depicting high floodwaters during Hurricane Katrina at the Krewe of Barkus parade. A Dorothy and Toto figure from The Wizard of Oz, used for a Mardi Gras float, sits outside a damaged warehouse unable to be
used, in New Orleans's Ninth Ward. Many floats were damaged by Hurricane Katrina.
The Beads, the beads, are the
highlight of every Mardi Gras
Parade, and it's real simple: parade
watchers "yell" throw me the beads,
throw me the beads, and the elabo-
rately costumed characters on the
floats throw beads. Everyone col-
lects as many beads as they can, and
wear them the entire Mardi Gras
season which lasts from the start of
the Carnival Season on the 6th of
January thru Fat Tuesday, February
28th, this year.
The official Mardi Gras colors
are vibrant hues of violet, green and
gold. Music is everywhere. The
restaurants in the Quarter are open,
and the food is still great!
This is the 150th Year of the
Mardi Gras Parades which began in
1857. The Parades and Balls are
sponsored by Krewes (clubs), com-
mercial sponsorship is strictly for-
bidden. The Parades began on
February 17th, and usually there are
four or five each day, beginning
A Children's Parade will begin at
10:45 AM on Saturday, February
25th. Parades proceed down
Canal, Street to Peters and cross
Poydras, ending at the Convention
Center. Legend has implied that
years ago Parades ceased traveling
through the French Quarter because
the streets were too narrow as the
floats grew larger.
Mardi Gras has survived world
wars, yellow fever epidemics, and
political uprisings because man's
need to celebrate is universal and
unstoppable," according to the offi-
cial history of Mardi Gras. This atti-
tude prevails as New Orleans has
not let, the massive devastation
caused by Hurricane Katrina stop
Mardi Gras this year.
The Mardi Gras Indians began in
1884. African Americans mask as
Indians, and are celebrated and
cherished in New Orleans. The
craftsmanship displayed by the men
who design and create the magni-
ficent Indian outfits have earned
worldwide praise. The chants the
Indians sing have been the source of
success in the recording industry.
The Mardi Gras Indians have been
credited as the originators of the
Second Line Dance that is a pri-
mary feature in Jazz Funerals.
The Indians, like other Krewes
have their own hierarchy, the leader
is called "Chief' or "Big Chief". In
addition to Mardi Gras, the Indians
march on the evening of St.
Joseph's Day (March 19th this
year); and on Super Sunday, the
third week in March.
There are fifty-four (54) "tribes"
with names that range from Apache
Hunters, to Geronimo Hunters,
Seminole Warriors, The Hundred
and One, White Cloud Hunters,
Wild Treme and the Young
Guardians of the Flames.
In addition to sponsoring floats
and parades, each club or Krewe,
has a Mardi Gras Ball, a real formal
affair with the men in Tuxedos and
the women in elaborate ball gowns.
Three balls were in progress
Saturday night at the New Orleans
Hilton on the Riverfront, one of the
larger hotels, completely restored.
The Zulu Social Aid & Pleasure
Club celebrates their 90th
Anniversary this year. Its Head-
quarters were heavily hit by
Hurricane Katrina, but the Zulus, a
proud and spirited Krewe has
refused to be defeated and plans a
15-float parade entitled "Zulu
Leading The Way Back Home."
Past Kings and Queens will be hon-
ored. The Zulu Parade will be the
first one on Feb. 28th, "Fat
Tuesday." The Zulus will hold
their 13th Annual Gold Nugget
Festival on Lundi Gras (Monday),
the day before Fat Tuesday, at
Woldenberg Park, at 11 a.m.
The Krewe of Orpheus, led by
Harry Connick Jr. was establish-ed
in the late 1990s and quickly
became a super-krewe. Celebrities
have long participated in the
parades usually when selected as
"King or Queen" by a krewe.
New Orleans is alive! If, not
"well", but is certainly on the mend.
Every American should visit New
Orleans. Every American should
see the massive devastation not
only in the 9th Ward, and the lower
9th Ward, but St. Bernard's Parish,
and the other many areas of the area
that suffered heavy damage.
Every American should visit
New Orleans, only then can they
really appreciate "how lucky we
are" In Jacksonville, some of us
have suffered what we considered
as heavy damage, but you have seen
nothing. Despite the exten-sive
news coverage and just this week,
coverage on the "Oprah" show there
is no way you can realize the mag-
nitude of the devastation.
When you see totally wiped out
neighborhoods for miles, many
with the "codes" in bright red on the
front door, you realize what it
means, and how someone has suf-
fered. How someone has lost their
life. Under 1-610 you can see hun-
dreds of automobiles, SUVs, every
make and model imaginable,
encrusted with mud from the
floods. But, as you look, you also
realize that you are viewing the
The Carnival cruise ships are
still docked and house the home-
less, at least until March 1st. There
are some folk that have received
trailers but don't have water in
them. Many areas don't have elec-
tricity. The popular Canal Place
Shopping Center on the edge of the
French Quarter that housed Saks
Fifth Ave., Gucci, and other high
end shops is devastated, although
repairs have begun; and the conces-
sion end of the Mall has opened.
The power company has restored
power in the lightest hit areas, but
there are many areas that do not
have traffic or street lights. The
Convention Center is open and wel-
comed their first conven-tion this
week. The Superdome is scheduled
to open by the fall. The Aquarium
has set a reopening date, and the
Zoo is open. The casinos, Harrah's,
Boom Town and the Treasure Chest
are open. Harrah's opened Friday
with a big fanfare. Some of the
schools are open.
The spirit of New Orleans is
alive and well. The spirit of the
people is one of hope, they still find
a reason to smile because as one
lady said, "I am alive, and as long as
there is life, there is hope."
Officials are taking a beating as
they cannot satisfy the needs of the
citizens that have lost their homes
and possessions even though they
feel that they are making progress.
Grants from the federal government
and other institutions will make it
possible to begin making housing
possible. The devastation is so vast
that all plans must be made care-
fully to ensure highest and best use
of the funds available.
Many homeowners are taking
terrific losses as some insurance
companies won't cover losses from
the flood, and some are debating
whether damages were caused by
the Hurricane's winds or the flood
waters, while people remain home-
As Mardi Gras dawned, parades
began, and visitors returned, the
spirit of the victims of Hurricane
Katrina seemed to brighten. Smiles
welcomed visitors and everyone
you met became your personal
concierge. New Orleans, though
crippled by Hurricane Katrina, is
beginning to live again.
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February 23 March 1, 2006
Patwo It) i- e ,LPrD.Q
rage t in. elrry- JA r'Ye. *iri-e
Health Department Challenges
Jacksonville to "Get Healthy"
Incentives and Events Planned Throughout the City
DCHD Community Relations
Manager Jocelyn Turner is
encouraging all of Jacksonville to
The Duval County Health
Department (DCHD) has joined the
Florida Department of Health, local
partners and citizens for the kick-
off of "Step Up, Florida On Our
Way to Healthy Living!" a
statewide event promoting physical
activity and healthy lifestyles. This
event will also serve as the kick off
celebration for the Get Healthy
Jacksonville Challenge. The
Challenge will showcase the
numerous opportunities that Duval
County offers citizens and visitors
to be physically active.
The Step Up Florida! celebration
is a point-to-point event, which
takes place in all 67 counties in
Florida. Four routes will begin on
separate dates from around the
state, with the culminating event
scheduled for Tuesday, February
28th in Duval County. Physical
activities being used to complete
the journey of fitness flags include
walking, jogging, biking, hiking,
roller-blading, and many more.
Duval County's activities will be
launched from Lem Turner Road
and 1-295 from the north and A1A
at the St. Johns County line at 7:00
am. Bikers and runners will carry
the Step Up Florida "fitness flag" to
various relay points along the way.
Participants will arrive simultane-
ously at Hemming Plaza at 11:00
am. Various teams of participants,
sponsors and volunteers will move
the flag approximately 40 miles and
10 stops through Jacksonville.
"This is a great opportunity to
promote physical activity through-
out Duval County and all of
Florida," said Jocelyn Turner,
DCHD Director of Community
Relations. "Hopefully, this will
inspire people to get, and stay, fit ."
Step Up Florida! will be high-
lighted by performances and activi-
ties at various sites along the way.
These activities will include exer-
cise, music and health screenings.
All Duval County residents are
encouraged to participate in Step
Up Florida! If you'd like to create a
team, join an existing team, plan an
event, or sponsor the route, please
visit the DCHD website at www.
Mission Director-Margie Cody; Ken Stokes-Community
Development Director; Kathy Mitchell-Food Lion Store Manager
Abyssinnia FoodBank Recieves 1K Donation
The Food Lion Charitable
Foundation awarded Abyssinia
Missionary Baptist Church "Feed
the Hungry" Program a life size
check for $1,000 at a ceremony
held at the chains Normandy loca-
tion. Store Manager Kathy Mitchell
and store employees were on hand
as the check was handed off to
Program Director Margie Cody.
Preference for funding is given to
organizations or programs that
involve Food Lion associates and
are located in Food Lion's market-
"We are tremendously grateful for
this award, it will help our mission
continue its efforts to feed those
less fortunate," stated Program
Director Margie Cody. The Feeding
Mission, which was started 10
years ago operates every Tuesday
and Thursday of the week provid-
ing hot meals and a word of inspi-
ration to the homeless population,
the Agency feeds about 50-75 indi-
viduals per week.
The money will be used to pur-
chase food and commodities for the
program. "We are proud of the
work our volunteer staff does every
week, as they prepare slamming
meals for those in need, we are
about meeting needs and saving the
lost," stated Tom E. Diamond,
Senior Pastor of the Church.
Are Black Women Single Because Their Love is For Sale
by LaVeme N. Curtis, BV
Love, although complicated at
times, really is easy. It's the
,. demands and restrictions that we
place on love that make it less than
pleasurable at times. Women grow
tip dreaming about love, looking
.. for a knight in shining armor, but
all too often this fosters an unreal-
istic view of what love really is.
Love isn't about the happy end-
,ig,_f the movies. Love is not
about being selfish, but it is about
',being patient and gentle. (I mean
the type of love that has longevi-
ty.) How does one achieve this? I
* believe that in some sense, sisters
have minimized the power of love
and what it truly means to
embrace it. Love shouldn't be con-
tingent on length, width or girth. It
certainly doesn't depend on hoAw
fat his bank account is either. Love
has gotten mixed up in all this
'stuff.' And yes, I'll tell you that L,
myself, have muddied the waters
of love a time or two with my own
Oh sure. sisters do all the night
things to physically prepare for
love: The hair is flawless and the
clothes are the latest and greatest
in fashion, but how much work
has gone into the internal gifts that
we offer our brothers? You attract
what you are. and a lot of, black.
women have become bitter,
resentful and unpleasant. I know
that brothers haven't done right by
some of you, but it's time to let
that go and truly move on.
Otherwise, how will loxe find you
sisters.' Will love even recognize
)ou? More inrportantly, how will
anyone ha\e the wherewithal to
penetrate the invisible wall you've
built around yourself? We've all
been hurt and suffered great loss-
es, but in order for love to grow
and flourish it really is necessary
to fertilize the ground upon which
it can grow.
We sa\ men are unworthy of us.
We say that men don't know how-
to treat us. when in fact a lot of
the issues could be resolved if we
took our rightfid places as queens
and acted accordingly. Love can-
not and will not show up until the
time, worl,.andl energy,have been
put into making ourselves as beau-
tiful on the inside as we are on the
We've got to figure out what we
want. Is it love if he drives a
Benz? Or how about if he can
whisk you off to those exotic
places'? It seems that we tolerate
more from the brother who is
financially stable, (the white-col-
lar worker, if you will), then we'll
take from the blue-collar worker,
who may dig a ditch for a li ing,
but also may have a good heart.
I read the statistics; I listen to the
talk shows. There is no shortage of
good black men out here. Don't
believe the hype. However. I think
there is a shortage of sisters who
know how to recognize that dia-
mond in the rough. Everything
that glitters ain't gold and there
shouldn't be a price tag on love
Look at \our laundry list of
requirements for that prospective
man, and ask yourself: can you
offer those same things? Or. with
the right bling does that list
Is your love for sale?
Note to self: Don't close yourself
off to love. it may show up look-
ing nothing like you expected.
Colorectal Screening: Tests
That Can Save Your Life
You may be surprised to know that colorectal cancer-cancer of the colon,
rectum, anus, and appendix-is the third leading cause of cancer deaths
among African-American men and women in the United States. In fact,
the American Cancer Society reports that colorectal cancer is expected to
kill an estimated 7,080 African-Americans in 2005. Factors that increase
your risk for colorectal cancer include obesity and cigarette smoking.
The good news is that more than 33 percent of deaths from colorectal
cancer could be avoided through regular screening tests. Routine screen-
ing tests can detect the disease in its early stages, when it is more easily
treated. Because African Americans appear to be more likely to suffer from
this disease than other populations, it is especially important for African-
American men and women to understand colorectal cancer prevention.
What tests are covered by Medicare?
Medicare covers colorectal screening tests to help find pre-cancerous
polyps (growths in the colon) so they can be removed before they turn into
cancer. Medicare covers four screening tests for colorectal cancer:
* Fecal Occult Blood Test-Once every 12 months
* Flexible Sigmoidoscopy-Once every 48 months
* Screening Colonoscopy-Once every 24 months (if you're at high risk).
Once every 10 years, but not within 48 months of a screening sigmoi-
doscopy (if you're not at high risk)
* Barium Enema-Your doctor can decide to use this test instead of a flex-
ible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. This test is covered every 24 months
if you are high risk for colorectal cancer and 48 months if you aren't.
Who should get tested for colorectal cancer?
Colorectal cancer is usually found in people age 50 or older, and the risk
of getting it increases with age. Medicare covers colorectal screening tests
for all people with Medicare age 50 and older, except there is no minimum
age for having a screening colonoscopy. Risk for colorectal cancer increas-
es if you or a close relative have had colorectal polyps or colorectal can-
cer, or if you have inflammatory bowel disease (like ulcerative colitis or
"Faces of the Port" Focus
of New Raveling Exhibit
The Jacksonville Port
unveiled a new photography
exhibition called "Faces of the
Port" at Jacksonville's new
main library. The exhibit will
be on display through March
31, then move to the first floor
of the Jacksonville Landing
through October 2006. It then
will rotate throughout venues
in Northeast Florida. Please
call me with any other ques-
All "Faces of the Port" images
were taken recently by a talent-
ed UNF student photographer
who shot exclusively in black
and white. She photographed a
variety of workers in and around
Jacksonville's port facilities, cap-
turing jobs as diverse as "long-
shoreman" and "port chaplain." The
photos are intended to give viewers
a feel for the scope and type of
work done everyday at
Jacksonville's port, one of the
largest and busiest in the
Southeastern United States. After
showing for two months the main
library, the exhibition will rotate to
venues throughout Jacksonville.
In addition to being a unique art
project in and of itself, "Faces of
the Port" is a precursor to the
launch of a Port Jobs web site, slat-
ed to go on-line in the summer of
2006, featuring job openings avail-
able in and around Jacksonville's
port. (Think of it as a
"monster.com" jobs site for
Jacksonville's port.) Photos from
"Faces of the Port" will be used to
market the new web site.
African Americans, Diabetes, and Heart Disease: How to Beat the Odds
African Americans are at
increased risk for type 2 diabetes,
and two out of three people with
diabetes die of a heart attack or
stroke. This is serious business. But
you can work to beat the odds. You
can take action to help prevent heart
attack and stroke.
For people with diabetes, a key to
preventing heart attack and stroke is
to control the ABCs of diabetes:
blood glucose ("sugar"), blood
pressure, and cholesterol. A is for
the A1C, a test measuring average
blood glucose control over three
months. B is for blood pressure. C
is for cholesterol.
Take control. Ask your health care
provider what your ABC numbers
are, what they should be, and what
you can do to reach those goals.
And during American Heart Month,
the National Diabetes Education
Program (NDEP) offers some
lifestyle tips for how people with
diabetes can help prevent heart
attack and stroke and live a long,
Be physically active everyday.
Playing sports, dancing, walking, or
even doing household chores help
you lose weight and lower your
blood pressure. Aim to get at least
60 minutes of physical activity,
most days of the week.
Eat less fat and salt. Instead of
reaching for the salty fries, choose a
Add more fiber to your diet by
choosing whole grains, vegetables,
Stay at a healthy weight. Being
overweight or obese is a risk factor
for heart attack and stroke.
- Stop smoking. Smoking is one of
the major risk factors associated
with heart attack and stroke. Ask
your health care provider for help to
Take your medicines as pre-
scribed. Also ask your doctor about
- Ask for help. A little encourage-
ment and a support go a long way.
Ask your family and friends to help
you stay on the right track.
The NDEP's Be Smart About Your
Heart. Control the ABCs of
Diabetes campaign offers tools to
help people with diabetes and their
loved ones control their diabetes
and prevent heart attack and stroke.
Visit NDEP online at
www.ndep.nih.gov and click on the
Be Smart logo for more informa-
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February 23 March 1. 2006
i. "'Copyrig htedMaterial
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Available from Commercial News Providers''
Smiley Releases The Covenant With Black America
Author and broadcaster Tavis
Smiley released The Covenant with
Black America this week, a book
aimed at inspiring African
Americans to take action to address
10 of the most daunting issues
impacting Black communities,
households, and individuals.
The 254-page book includes an
Introduction by Smiley; a
Statement of Purpose by Marian
Wright Edelman, founder of the
Children's Defense Fund; and A
Call to Action by Princeton
University professor Cornel West.
Each covenant (chapter) in the
book is preceded by an introductory
essay written by nationally recog-
nized experts on The Covenant
issues, such as closing the digital
divide, inequalities in the justice
system, disparity in healthcare and
improving public education.
Essayists include Dr. David
Satcher, former U.S. surgeon gener-
al; Wade Henderson, executive
director of the Leadership
Conference on Civil Rights; Marc
Morial, president of the National
Urban League and Angela Glover
Blackwell, founder ofPolicyLink, a
non-profit research think tank.
Each chapter outlines the key
issues of The Covenant topic, pro-
vides a list of resources and then
gives suggestions and checklists for
what individuals, public policy-
makers and corporate citizens can
do to move the African American
community forward, socially, polit-
ically and economically. In addi-
tion, The Covenant contains infor-
mation on how individuals and
households can make changes that
will immediately improve their cir-
cumstances in specific areas, such
as health, education, crime reduc-
tion, financial well-being and per-
"This book is in a sense a love let-
ter from Black America to Black
America to educate ourselves on
the issues we all know exist in our
communities and then to challenge
and hold each other accountable to
fix them. Moreover, The Covenant
is our document of accountability
for the entire body politic post-
Hurricane Katrina and in advance
of the 2006 and 2008 national elec-
tions," Smiley said.
The book is the result of a year-
long project conceived by Smiley
as a follow up to the annual State of
the Black Union symposiums he
has organized during the last six
years. These gatherings bring
together thought-leaders and opin-
ion-makers to discuss issues
impacting African Americans.
Following the February 2005 sym-
posium held in Atlanta, Smiley
invited C-SPAN viewers and listen-
ers of the syndicated Tom Joyner
Morning Show to log onto a special
america.com) and give their views
on what The Covenant should
include. An advisory committee
sorted through the thousands of
emails received to develop the blue-
print for the book. In addition hun-
dreds of African Americans sent
family photos that make up the
cover design of the book.
"I am humbled by the outpouring
of support we have received frmin
the public to make this book a real-
ity." Smiley said.
Wal-Mart Voices of Color" Film Series presents
a special Black History Month documentary
The unforgettable true story of a little n society that
has been called "the most authentically African community"
in the& United Stdte..
: S "::: 2 1""
What to do from social, volunteer, political and sports activities to self enrichment and the civic scene
AA Chamber Breakfast
The 8th Annual Heritage Breakfast
will be held February 24, 2006 at
7:30 at the Radisson Riverwalk.
1515 Prudential Drive For more
information all 904-358-9090 or
check out the website:
"Step Off 2006"
Come witness and enjoy the Stage
Aurora' step show of the year fea-
turing Andrew Jackson, Eastside
Church of God, First Coast, Open
Arms Christian Fellowship, Paxon
High, Raines, Sandalwood, and
We're for Jesus. Cash Prize: The
Step Off will be on Saturday,
February 25th at the Ezekiel
Bryant Auditorium (FCCJ North
Campus), 4501 Capper Road. For
additional information, please call
Stage Aurora Theatrical Company
at (904) 765 7372.
The Jacksonville branch of the
NAACP will be hostin the 28th
annual Afro-Aremican Cultural,
Technological and Scientific
Olympics Saturday, February 25,
2006, from 9:00 a.m. until noon at
Douglas Anderson School of the
Arts, 2445 San Diego Rd. Come see
students compete in Sciences,
Humanities, Preforming arts, Visual
Arts, and Business.
Black History Tribute
Rising Stars will present their 6th
Annual Black History Tribut, "The
Destiny of Prince" on Saturday
February 25th. The first show will
be from 2 5 p.m. and the evening
show will be from 7:30 10 p.m. at
the Times Union Center for
Performing Arts. For tickets or
more information, call 514-5504.
"The Destiny of a Prince" at The
Times Union Center of Performing
Arts Terry Theater.. Show time is
2p.m. and 7:30 p.m. on Saturday
February 25. For more informa-
tion call Ticket Master at (904)630-
The Museum of Science and
History will celebrate Black
History Month by honoring local
African-American heroes from the
past two centuries. The celebration
will be held on Saturday, February
25th, visitors will learn about the
history of Jacksonville's prominent
African Americans through a vari-
ety of performances and presenta-
tions. Activities for children include
African Folktale storytelling, scav-
enger hunts, crafts, and a planetari-
um show about the Underground
Railroad. Activities will take place
from 11 3 p.m. For more infor-
mation call (904)396-6674
On February 25 or February 28
from 10AM to NOON, the Duval
County Extension Service is offer-
ing a class for amateur gardeners to
learn about spring vegetables and
purchase plants after the program.
The class will be held at the Urban
Garden Field Office, located behind
1007 Superior Street. Seating limit-
ed, please call 387-8850 for reser-
vations. There will be a $1.00 regis-
tration fee collected at the door. For
more information call 387-8850.
Speaks at UNF
The University of North Florida
presents "An Evening with Erin
Brockovich" at 7:30 p.m. on
Monday, Feb. 27, at the UNF
Arena on campus. She will discuss
how her life experiences have led
her to be an environmental activist.
Her pursuits were outlined in the
Do you know an
Someone who is constantly doing for others and put-
ting someone else's needs before their own, a friend that
goes beyond the norm? A tireless volunteer? Nominate
he or she for the Unsung Hero spotlight and they could
win a profile in the Jacksonville Free Press and a $50
gift certificate from Publix Supermarkets.
CITY STATE ZIP_
Why are you nominating this person
SEND INFORMATION TO:
Fax (904) 765-8611
Or mail to: Unsung Hero, C/O Jacksonville Free Press
P.O. Box 43580, Jacksonville, FL 32203
Brought to you by
hit movie "Erin Brockavich" earn-
ing Julia Roberts an Academy
Award. An interaction between
Brockovich and UNF students will
be held from 8 a.m. until 10:40 a.m.
on Tuesday, Feb. 28.This event is
free and open to the public but tick-
ets are required. Tickets can be
ordered online to www.unf.edu and
clicking on the 2006 Lectures link.
The world renouned Harlem
Globetrotter will show off their
skills Wednesday March 1st at
7:00 in the Veterans Memoral
Arena. For ticket information call
Ritz Theater Presents
Art of Spoken Word
The First Thursday of every
month, the lobby of the Ritz is
transformed into a stage for poets
and poetry lovers of all ages. The
next event is on Thursday, March
2nd starting at 7 p.m. Share your
talent for verse, or just come and
soak up the creative atmosphere.
The event is free and open to the
public. The Ritz is located at 829
N. Davis Street. For more informa-
tion call 904-632-5555.
Bill Cosby at TUCPA
Bill Cosby's humor centers on the
human condition, family relation-
ships, and the evolving roles of men
and women. Without resorting to
gimmickry or low-brow humor,
Cosby has touched generations of
Americans with his unique brand of
comic brilliance. Cosby will be
inconcert on Thursday, March 2nd.
For more information call (904)
353-3309 or (904) 301-3786.
"Grease" the Musical
Stage Aurora presents "GREASE"
By Warren Casey and Jim Jacobs.
"Grease is the word". The most
popular, fun-filled musical brought
to life via the big screen will be per-
formed on Friday March 3, 2006
8:00p.m., Saturday March 4, 2006
2:00p.m. & 8:00p.m. and on
Sunday March 5, 2006 3:00p.m.
All performances will be held in the
Ezekiel Bryant Auditorium (FCCJ
North Campus), 4501 Capper
Road. For More Information Please
Call (904) 765-7372.
Attendees will leam how to pre-
pare their landscape for spring on
Saturday, March 4, 2006 from
11:00 1:00 PM. The free class will
be at the Mandarin Branch Library,
3330 Kori Road. This class will
teach low maintenance landscape
techniques, how to calibrate sprin-
klers, and how to take soil samples.
You will also hear about 2006 plant
selections and plant trends. Space
is limited. To register, call 387-
Do You Have
an Event for
The Jacksonville Free Press is
please to print your public serv-
ice announcements and coming
events free of charge, news
deadline is Monday at 6 p.m. by
the week you would like your
information to be printed.
Information can be sent via
email, fax, brought into our
office or mailed in. Please be
sure to include the 5W's who,
what, when, where, why and
you must include a contact
Fax (904) 765-3803
Mail: Coming Events
Jacksonville Free Press, 903
W. Edgewood Ave.
Jacksonville, FL 32203
15th Annual American
The 15th Annual Native American
Indian Festival is scheduled the first
weekend in March (Saturday 3/4
(10 a.m. 9 p.m. Sunday 3/5 10
a.m. 6 p.m.) in St. Augustine.
Sponsored by the Seminole Tribe of
Florida, the event takes place out-
doors at Francis field on Castillo
Drive in historic downtown St.
Augustine. Festival highlights
include the Yellow Bird Indian
Dancers from Mesa, Arizona who
will perform authentic Apache,
Southwest and Northern Plains
dances, authentic Native American
cuisine, artists and craft vendors
and much more. For more informa-
tion, visit www.seminoletribe.com
Free Donna Brazile
Lecture at UNF
Donna Brazile, author, educator
and political activist will be speak-
ing at 7:30 p.m. on Monday,
March 6, at the University of North
Florida's Lazzara Fine Arts Center.
The lecture will include topics such
as Hurricane Katrina, challenges
Brazile has faced as a woman in a
predominantly male arena, women
in politics and what's in store for the
future of women. After the post-
election fight over the votes in
Florida where she served as Al
Gore's campaign manager, she was
appointed chair of the Democratic
National Committee's Voting
Rights Institute. This lecture is free
and open to the public. For more
information, contact Amanda Gude
at (904) 620-2528 or e-mail wom-
The University of North Florida's
Women and Girls Health Initiative
will feature Dr. Edith A. Perez, a
world renowned breast cancer
researcher, at a luncheon from
11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Tuesday,
March 7, at the Jacksonville
Marriott Hotel at Southpoint, 4670
Salisbury Road, Jacksonville. The
program will also include cancer
survivor Donna Hicken, a First
Coast News anchor and
Jacksonville native. UNF's Women
and Girls Health Initiative aims to
motivate, educate and engage indi-
viduals in the strengthening and
delivery of excellence in women
and girls' health care. Tickets are
available by calling (904) 620-
The UniverSoul Circus returns to
Jacksonville, March 8-12 at
Norwood Shopping Center, 5290
Norwood Ave. 2006 is the most
ambitious production to date,
breaking new ground with the cir-
cus world premier of Soul on Ice,
Krump hip hop dancing Clowns, a
brand new Ringmaster and the
UniverSoul return of half-pint
The Aztec Dancers are a beautiful and colorful Family, originating
from Mexico City, now living in NE Florida. They are featured enter-
tainers at the upcoming March 4 & 5 American Indian Festival in St.
Ringmaster sidekick extraordinaire,
Zeke. Ticket price range from $10
to $26 and are on sale now via
Ticketmaster. For more information
Kirk Franklin will make a stop in
Jacksonville on national tour in
support of his latest CD Hero along
with Grammy Award winning duo
Mary Mary. In the spirit of the CD's
title, Franklin also plans to cele-
brate and honor "hometown heroes"
in each market. The concert will be
held on Friday March 10, 2006 at
the Times Union performing Arts
Center. For tickets or more informa-
tion, call 353-3309.
Violence and the Poor
Focus of Free Lecture
with Renowned Expert
Dr. Elijah Anderson, distinguished
professor of sociology at the
University of Pennsylvania, will
discuss "Violence and the Inner
City Poor" at 7:30 p.m. on Monday,
March 13, at the University Center
on the campus of the University of
North Florida. Anderson is an
expert on the sociology of Black
America and is the author of the
classic sociological work, "A Place
on the Comer: A Study of Black
Street Comer Men." The public can
order tickets for this free lecture
online at www.unf.edu. Click on the
2006 Lectures link.
G.S. Women of
The Girl Scouts of Gateway
Council will honor six local women
at the 18th annual Women of
Distinction fundraising luncheon at
the Hyatt Regency Jacksonville
Riverfront Hotel, March 17, 2006.
The annual luncheon recognizes
women whose accomplishments in
careers and community service
exemplify the values of Girl Scouts.
This year's honorees are
Representative Audrey Gibson,
Susan Adams Loyd, Kelly Madden,
Susan Remmer Ryzewic and Emily
Balz Smith and the late Fran
Peacock Coker. The luncheon will
take place from 12:00pm 1:30pm
and is open to the public with
advance registration required. For
reservations, please call (904) 388-
4653 ext. 1125 by March 10.
Hotel Rwanda' Hero
to Speak at JU
Paul Rusesabagina, the hero of the
Rwandan genocide portrayed in
Hotel Rwanda, will speak at 7 p.m.,
Tuesday, March 28 at Jacksonville
University's Swisher Gymnasium.
His speech, "Hotel Rwanda: A
Lesson Yet to be Learned," will
touch on the events of the 1994
genocide, the current political cli-
mate in Africa, and the internation-
al response to the current crisis in
Darfur, Sudan. Tickets cost $5 per
person and can be purchased only in
person at J.U. For more informa-
tion, call 256-7520.
BB King in Concert
The legendary B. B. KING,
America's undisputed King of the
Blues will be in concert on
Tuesday, April 25 at 8PM. For
more information call the Florida
Theater Box Office at 355-2787.
The public is invited to see "An
Evening with Sinbad" non
Thursday, April 27th at the Florida
Theater. Showtime is at 8 p.m. The
performance will benefit the
Community Asthma Partnership.
For more information, contact
Jeanne Torbett at 765-7938.
Evening of Taste
An evening of fine wine, spectacu-
lar food and good times benefiting
Children's Home Society will be
held at Matthew's of San Marco
Sunday, April 30 from 5:30- 8 p.m.
Guests will delight in an intimate
setting with fine wine as they sam-
ple some of Chef Matthew
Medure's most exclusive menu
items. They can also bid on exciting
silent auction packages and enjoy a
wonderful social setting where they
can learn more about the organiza-
tion. For more information or to
purchase tickets, contact Nanette
Regalado at 493-7739.
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--- ----- "
February 23 March 1, 2006,
Panye 12 Ms Perrv's Free Press
Febrary23 Marh 1 206 M. Pery' Fre Prss Pae 1
New Orleans Bred Rap Stars Returning to a Changed City
Juvenile and his crew were the
first artists to shoot a video and a
DVD documentary in the hard-hit
lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans.
The Platinum artists completed his
video in December while visiting
for the first time since Katrina.
The rapper is not alone in return-
ing -- or wanting to, at least. Other
stars, including members of the
Cash Money Crew and local
favorite B.G., have plans to come
back. But the city is very different
from the one they left behind.
Mayor Ray Nagin's infamous
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
"Chocolate City" comment -- meant
to encourage African-Americans to
return to New Orleans was ground-
ed in some dire concerns.
Before Katrina hit, the city's pop-
ulation was about 68 percent black.
A recent study determined that up
to 80 percent of the black popula-
tion might not return if they cannot
move back to their old neighbor-
hoods; Katrina-damaged areas had
been 75 percent black, compared
with 46 percent in undamaged areas
of New Orleans.
Juvenile on his video shoot in New Orleans' Lower Ninth Ward, which
documents neglect of city's poorest in wake of Katrina.
Juvenile is keeping New Orleans
close to his heart as he promotes his
March 7 UTP/Atlantic album
"Reality Check." He has performed
shows at Tulane University and
New Orleans nightclub the Venue.
Two days after his album's release,
he will play in town at the House of
Blues, donating a portion of the
proceeds -- as he says he does for
all shows -- to Katrina victims.
Cash Money co-founders Ronald
"Slim" Williams and Bryan "Baby"
Williams have temporarily moved
to Miami, after losing their homes
and studio. But the brothers vow to
return even as they move forward
on projects by Keke Wyatt, Teena
Marie and new act Currency. Cash
Money labelmate and fellow New
Orleans native Lil Wayne, who also
lost his home, still resides in the top
10 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop
Albums chart with "Tha Carter II."
New Orleans rapper Young A
echoes the sentiment. "I was at
B.G.'s January show, and the mood
was, 'We're glad to be back home."'
In January, B.G finally was able to
fulfill his House of Blues date orig-
inally scheduled on the day Katrina
"It's heartbreaking," says the for-
mer Hot Boy$ member, who now
divides his time between New
Orleans and Detroit. "But as long as
I've got breath in my body, I will do
all I can to encourage people to
come back. I love this place. New
Orleans is what made me."
The New Orleans Jazz & Heritage
Festival will help gauge the city's
ability to sustain its reputation as a
top festival spot.
Jazz Fest, April 28-May 7, is one
of the city's premier events,
embraced by locals and tourists.
This year's program will highlight
New Orleans' native musicians --
including Irma Thomas, the Rebirth
Brass Band and others on the festi-
val's two main stages.
Halle Berry's Trying "Something New"
At the recent reopening of
Donatella Versace's flagship bou-
tique on Manhattan's Fifth Avenue,
all eyes were on a 6'2" blond with
broad shoulders, a chiseled jawline
and oh yes Halle Berry on his
At the party Berry, 39, and her
new boyfriend, Canadian model
Gabriel Aubry, 30, let go of each
other's hands only once (to flank
their hostess on a couch) during the
Gabriel Aubry earns about
$30,000 a day as one of the world's
top models, makes millions of dol-
lars a year, and is now spending all
of his free time snuggling with new
girlfriend Halle Berry.
Sparks began flying four months
ago while both were posing for a
new Versace ad campaign.
"It was something that was com-
pletely unexpected, and he's just
enjoying each day as' it goes by,
and he's very, very happy right
now," said Sean Patterson, Gabriel's
agent. "You can see the photos are
great. It's absolutely beautiful. She
looks drop-dead gorgeous. He looks
When asked if the 30-year-old is
using the relationship with Halle to
make a name for himself, Patterson
said, "I don't [know] if it could
enhance his career because he's
already the best in the business for
the most part, and I don't think he's
set his sights on any other business,
I don't think, again, it would be that
much of a plus."
"Oh my God, it's like you can read
it on their faces," says a pal of
Aubry. "They are so smitten." And
have been since they met shooting a
Versace ad in L.A. in November.
A month earlier, Berry was still see-
ing ex-beau Michael Ealy, her
costar in the TV movie Their Eyes
,,Wer. 1Watlhiig God. But :!. [le
Gabriel Aubry and Halle Berry
shoot, says Aubry's friend, they
noticed each other "in a big way."
By Christmas, when Aubry flew to
Montreal to spend the holiday with
his father, G6rard, 62, and his eight
brothers and sisters, he spoke of
Berry "with brilliance in his voice,"
says r, hra a. .... 4,
Showing that kind of emotion is
unusual for Gabriel, who overcame
a tough childhood he lived with
five foster families between the
ages of 3 and 18 until moving in
with his dad before rising to the
top of the modeling world.
Says Nadia Canova, whose
Montreal-based Montage Models
Inc. discovered Aubry, then a cook,
in 1997 at a Quebec ski resort:
"He's a very quiet person, with
The model also has excellent
taste in wine. Last month, the
Manhattan resident squeezed in
time during fashion week in Milan,
says his friend, to "buy a few bottles
of red he knew Halle would enjoy."
When asked about the romance by
People Magazine, Berry playfully
zipped her lips. But Aubry is clear
about his feelings, says his dad: "He
told me he was in love."
LABELLE PREPARING FOR REUNION TOUR
Album may be in the works for 2007.
^Original LaBelle members Patti
S. ... LaBelle and Nona Hendryx have
S .. announced plans for a reunion album
S with third member Sarah Dash, and a
?.. ." possible tour in support of the project
-; in 2007.
--- The group, known for their biggest
hit "Lady Marmalade," has already
S. recorded two new songs for the
Cataland Films/Code Black
._- _. r Entertainment film "Preaching to the
Choir," due in theaters on April 14.
The film, which premiered in October at the Chicago International Film
Festival, focuses on fraternal twins who part ways when one chooses a
career in the pulpit while the other yearns to be the next hip-hop superstar.
Patti LaBelle stars as a choir director and also performs three new songs
composed by Hendryx.
DENZEL UP FOR ANOTHER GANGSTA ROLE
Director Ridley Scott is in negotiations to direct
Denzel Washington and Russell Crowe in the 1970s
crime drama "American Gangster," reports Variety. The
project, which had been shelved by Universal Pictures
in late 2004, has been picked up by producer Brian
Grazer with a production start date set for this summer.
The story revolves around a Harlem heroin kingpin who
comes up with a plan to smuggle heroin in the coffins of
American soldiers returning from the Vietnam War.
BOBBY BROWN'S KIDS NEED THEIR 'SPACE'
Teen profiles on myspace.com could give daddy a heart attack.
: According to Lloyd Grove's
Lowdown section of the New York
Daily News, myspace.com also
h! has among its regulars some chil-
dren of celebrities including
L"Bobby Brown's young'uns
LaPrincia, Bobbi Kristina and
Brown's daughter with ex-girlfriend Kim Ward, says her favorite alcoholic
beverage is Smimoff raspberry vodka, reports Lowdown. The teen also
says she has kissed a girl and streaked before. In a Q&A section, she
answered yes to the questions, "Would you ever be an exotic dancer?" and
"Have you ever danced like a whore?"
Ward's other child with Brown, 14-year-old Bobby Jr., says on his
myspace.com profile: "i can read but i choose not to."
Bobby and Whitney Houston's daughter Bobbi Kristina, 12, had the
screen name "nimpho babby" and wrote: "i love swimming with hot guys
lol (memories), i love makingout, i love cheerleading, i love driving, and
last but not least i love BOYS, BOYS, BOYS!!!!!!!!"
According tp Lowdown, Bobbi Kristina's profile was taken down recent-
ly after bloggers reported the identity of her parents.
February 23 March 1, 2006
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 13
Pii~ 14 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 23 March 1, 2006
P U B L I X
C E L E B R A T E S
H I S T R Y
my recipe for living, my history.
Humanitarian, Social Advocate, Crusader
Hosea Feed the Hungry and Homeless | Atlanta, Ga.
Main Ingredient: Passion
ni 4. .
February 23 March 1, 2006
Pacre 14 Ms. Perry's Free Press