TSENRAEN IN OS I
N a a mi C ila". m S FA M
FLORIDA'S WEEKLY STATE PAPER
o N On Vw ymanm MOfM:, M, r
Vol. II. No. 15 LAKE CITY, FLORIDA, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917 $1.00 A Year
- ----" -T ---- c
I I II I -I I I-I--~ -PII~IYT~~'- II~
dollars valuation on the 1916 assess-
ment will produce
As a matter of fact, the Tax Com-
mission-even hampered as it has
been-has put considerably more mon-
ey into the State Treasury than it
has taken out, this, by placing on the
tax books thousands, yea, millions of
dollars of property 'that had hereto-
fore escaped taxation entirely. It
was not intended that the COMMIS-
SION should be a "money gathering
machine," except by placing escaped
property on the tax-rolls, but it was
intended as an equalizing body, so
that the burden of taxation would be
properly and equitabl, distributed on
J .t*: .' k;i'
FOREWARNED IS FOREARMED
Preserve the Rights of Free Speech
Sand Free Press.
TO MAKE PEOPLE THINK
That They May Know What They
Are and Why
I want to register my protest
against the circulation of such arti-
cles as the one attached below. My
parents were both Catholics, hence
such things as this make me hang my
head in shame. I hope- some other
sons of Catholic parents will join me
in demanding of Bishop Curley that
these parties be prosecuted for slan-
derous libel if thly are not true, or,
what I think would gain a real victory,
have the legislature appoint a commit-
tee of inspection and by this means
prove these men worse than robbers.
I, for one, want, my parents' good
name vindicated from such inhuman
charges and I am sure there are many
more in the state who feel like I do.
It wont to do to have the Bishop
come out and say that these things
are lies, etc. That wont do now. Peo-
ple want to know things, and if these
charges go unanswered every protest-
ant and nonbeliever will believe them,
and I don't blame them.
I, for one,..wouldt be glad to see a
stringent inspectionri bill passed and
let all the good, honest and sincere
Catholics know; the whole truth. It
can't possibly be worse than this. The
United States,;government made Mor-
mons abandon their multiplicity of
wives, and the Chinese are forbidden
to bind their'girl babies' feet. Why
can't they stop this inhuman practice,
or let the world know that it is false ?
Who will be the next son of Catholic
parents to register his protest with
mine ? 'Cut out this article and send
it to Bishop Curley at St Augustine. I
want, like you, to look my protestant
friends in the face and feel that I
have no.cloud on my beloved parents.
Following is the article, and cover
your face in shame. It is estimated
there are 2,500,000 nuns in these con-
vents and 63% with this awful dis-
A Son of Catholic Parents.
Here is the article referred to:
Mortality in. Religious Houses
"Cornet, investigating the death
rate among certain religious orders,
found that nearly 63 per cent. of the
death rate was due to tuberculosis.
This author -,ne to: the conclusion
that ip such sisterhoods, where con-
finement and bad ventilation are mark-
ed features and where opportunities
for infection are great, a healthy girl
who enters the sisterhood at 17 dies
twenty-one years earlier than her sis-
ter who remains outside the convent;
that such an inmate in hier 25th year
has the same expectation of life as a
woman outside the convent has at the
age of 45; and that a nun of 33 must
be classed with a woman outside
whose age is 62."-From p. 20 of "The
Conquest of Consumption," by Dr. A.
Latham, and Mr. C. H. Garland 1911,
new and revised edition.
During the year that Mr, Gadstone,
the illustrous Christian' .statesman,
was Premier of England, some stu-
dents called to see him. As they were
taking their leave one of them said,
"Mr. Gadstone, what is the biggest
word in the English language?" Mr.
Gadstone without a moment's hesita-
tion picked up a pencil and wrote
"DUTY," and held it up to them. This
incident doubtless made a lasting im-
pression on those young men.
When we of today look over the of-
ficial actions of men in office today,
from the lowest to the highest, we can
see and feel the hand of Esau while
we hear the voice of Jacob (the de-
In the removal of Solicitor Howell,
we can hear the voice of our noble
Governor Sidney J. Catts saying, "No
officer who does not do his whole du-
ty, or debauches his office, shall hold,
it is in my power to remove him." We
heard the voice during the campaign;
now we see the great firm hand of
Sidney J. Catts as he lifts the,great
axe of duty, and severs the legal. head
of Solicitor Howell, and as it drops in-
to the political scrap heap, poor fel-
low, he dug his own grave by, forget-
ting that greatest of English words
We happen to know that Governor
Catts had great pressure brought to
bear on him not to take this course.
Some of his most ardent and'faithful
supporters went to see him in the in-
terest of Mr. Howell, and we can say
with certainty that had there been
only this one slip he could have saved
him; but, when this friend saw this
mass of evidence on file in the Gover-
nor's hands he just threw up both
hands and said, "Governor, do .your
duty," and we all know what followed,
The great trouble is, in such cases
as this, Mr. Howell's friends and Mr.
Catts' enemies will say and do say
that it was nothing but spite and po-
litical revenge. To all such we-would
say, you don't know the man that is
Governor of your State. If you have
any grievance at all with him go and
see him, and you will come away feel-
ing and saying, "I, have seen ,and
shaken hands-with -a real man."- -
We are never afraid to trust a man
that is controlled by the high and no-
ble principle of duty. He may make:
mistakes, but never will he do friend
or foe an injustice knowingly, and,
such we know our Governor to be.
We are glad to say we have not
heard a single word of complaint
about Mr. Howell's successor. It
speaks well for Col. F. W. Butler;
when political enemies can't throw
mud he must be, and indeed is, a high-
toned, clean man, who we believe will.
reflect credit on Governor Catts' good
Who will be the next unfaithful ser-
vant who will be called to give an ac-
count of his stewardship ? B.
TO ADDRESS MINISTERIAL STU-
DENTS OF COLUMBIA COLLEGE
The editor of the Free Press has
been requested to deliver a special ad-
dress on Romanism before the minis-
terial students of Columbia College.
At a recent flag-raising at the -Col-
lege a few Temarks on the menacing
dangers that beset our liberties, civil,
political and religious, were of special
interest to the class, and the invita-
tion to address them followed.
TAX BOOKS WILL NOT
CLOSE UNTIL MAY 1
Tallahassee, Spe c i a 1. -Governor
Catts has extended time for payment
of all taxes and closing of tax books
to May 1. The law says tax books
shall close April 1, and order was
some time ago sent out/ by Gov. Catts
to this effect, but so many strong pro-
tests have come in, that he was mov-
ed today to make an extension of an-
- -- I- I
MONSTER RALLY IN TALLAHAS-
SEE IN CONNECTION WITH OP-
ENING OF THE LEGISLATURE
A report has just reached us, though
we have not yet been able to confirm
the report, that the demoralized liquor
forces, in a last effort to save the fast
waning powers of the organized liq-
uor traffic in Florida, have set-aside
their former champion, Gus Muller,
deposed for allowing the Davis Bill to
pass, and will put up, to hoodwink the
Legislature, their "last hope,'" Pleas
Holt, of statewide fame, who, 'by the
way, led the Virginia wets down to
Florida Three-Fourths Dry
Taking into consideration the amaz-
ing and unprecedented progress of
Prohibition everywhere throughout the
United States and the wonderful ad-
vancement of prohibition sentiment in
Florida, we believe three-fourth's and
possibly four-fifths of the white vot-
ers of the State are ready to vote
fQr Statewide Prohibition, and that
they should exert such a powerful in-
fluence at Tallahassee when the Legis-
lature meets that every Representa-
tive and Senator will feel like voting
for the Submission Measure.
People of Florida, Awake!
The house is dry but 'the Senate,
.while in all human probability dry, is
too close for comfort. Under the tre-
mendous pressure of Holt, and a liquor
slush fund, and the influence of the
liquor forces, there may be a possibil-
ity of 'the Senate voting wet, though
we do not believe it ,will-but the
very possibility ought to brifig eveTy.
Florida Prohibitionist to.his ffe t with
a determination to get intq the fight
With every ounce of .;energy and every
dollar of money possible laid, on the al-
tar of service, to give ..King Alcool
the "knock out" blow in his last stand
in the Legislative Halls of this Comn-I
Submissions Measure First ,
The Submission Measure will be
prepared and in the hands of the prop-
er persons, ready for introduction at
the first possible moment and pressed
to. theriind passage asia'ast as the ma-
chinery can move, and we hope that
leading Prohibitionists from every
section of the State will be present
and witness the fall of Holt and the
Big, Rally at Tallahassee
Plans for the Big Rally are being
made everywhere in the state. Do
not fail to do your part. Make up a
dry delegation from your community
and come to Tallahassee for the open-
ing of-the Legislature, April 3rd, and-
be there to do your part to offset the
pressure and influence of the liquor
Baker and Bryan to Speak
Dr. P. A. Baker, National Superin-
tendent, who has been directing the
wonderfully successful efforts of the
Anti-Saloon League in the National
Congress, will. be in Tallahassee, rep-
re sent ng the Anti-Saloon
League, to address the people on these
great issues and to report on the vic-
tories in the National Congress. Also
W. J. Bryan, who was in the Indiana
Campaign and addressed the Legisla-
ture of Indiana, has accepted our invi-
tation and.will address. the Citizens
and Members of 'the Legislature on
Wednesday night, April 4th.
:Bring Your Dry Delegation
Use your ".fluence, make your plans,
get up a dry delegation and bring such
a forminable dry army to Tallahassee
that Holt, and. the liquor lobby, will
quail before our superior numbers and
strength and go down in defeat, leav-
ing the Legislature free and unbias-
ed to make wholesome laws for all the
For information or arrangements ad-
dress the Stotewide Prohibition Lea-
gue Headquarters, Tallahassee, or any
member of the Executive Committee,
Hon. D.. C. McMullen, Pres., Hon. N.
C. Bryan, Vice-Pres., Hon. J. S. Blitch
and Hon. ,W. G. Tilghman, Treasur-
ers,. Rev. C. W. Crooke, Superintend-
Wear a White ,Ribbon Bow
The Free Press suggests that every-
body wear a white bow on all the
above occasions. If all will do this, it
will, of itself, constitute a strong ar-
gument. If we get to Tallahassee we
shall wear one.-Ed. Free Press.
The Free;"Press wants the name of.
a live worker at each postoffice or,
neighborhood in the state, to repre-
sent this paper and handle our sub-
scription list there. We can make it
interesting to those who wil promise
to do something. For further infor-
S THE FREE PRESS,
Lake City, Fla.
comprising Clay, St. Johns and Put-
nam-St. Johns and Clay now in
Fourth, and Putnam in Eighth. (Du-
val and Nassau in Fourth.) Thrown
out.last year by supreme court.
Compulsory education law.
Abolition of convict lease system.
Law providing for the Torrens sys-
tem of land titles.
Constitutional amendment providing
for reapportionment of House and
Law providing for the abolition of
the fee system.'
Amendment providing for the abol-
ishing of the boards of county com-
missioners and placing the affairs of
every county under a board compris-
ing various county officers, similar to
thef system under which the state gov-
SAimendment providing for separate
state and county taxes.
Amendment calling for every pri-
mary nominee to go into the general
election so as to prevent the governor
from appointing some one else to an
office to which some ore has been nom-
nated in a primary election.
Free' text-book law.
Law providing for semi-monthly pay,
at least, by corporations' having a
monthly payroll of more than $10,000.
Workmen's compensation act and in-
,dustrial commission to settle all dis-
putes between employer and employee.
Law prohibiting giving of tips.
Law requiring insurance companies
to publish in papers of a general cir-
culation regularly statement of their
condition, just as banks are required
Compulsory school attendance law.
Appropriations calling for additions
to state asylum for the insane at Chat-
tahoochee or the erection of another
institution in Middle Florida.
Law providing for the creation of a
bureau for medical inspection of school
Law providing for the abolition of
(Conti/ued on lastpage)
(Continued on last page)
THE LIQUOR FIGHT
IQ AMS INT ICAD]
TAX COMMISSION MAKES REASONABLE
ARGUMENT FOR MORE AUTHORITY,
' ,praised at more than forty-six mil-
The tax commissioners of the State lion dollars (ov of the appraisement
of Florida recently sent out the fol- being on file n the office of the pro-
lowing, which contains much food for ei on e o ce o- ei pro- \
lowing, which contains much food for bate court of St. Johns County.)
Uthought.ntil this time this estate had been
---- assessed-think of the pitiful assess-
ment in comparison with its value-at
To the People of Florida: seventy-five thousand dollars!
The Legislature of 1913 enacted a The Tax Commission, after elimin-
law creating a Tax Commission with ating ever-, item of doubtful value, as
the purpose in view of equalizing tax- expressed by the appraisers, found
action in Florida. that the remainder was worth not
This was a laudable motive, because less than thirty-two millions.
taxation has, for years, been unequal OAi the basis of 50 per cent. of true
in this Statde. The labor of carrying value, which basis the Tax Commis-
the tax burden had fallen on those sion was trying to have all property
least able to carry the load. and.it was assessed on, the assessment of the es-
intended that the Tax Commission tate was placed at Sixteen million dol-
should be the medium for adjudgment lars.
of this burden, placing it on all inter- Then the Board of County Commis-
ests and individuals alike, sioners, without notice to the Tax
This the Tax Commission has tried Commission, reduced this assessment
to do, but, unfortunately, in the crea- to five million dollars, thus depriving
tion of the Commission, the Legisla- the State of seventy-one thousand
ture failed to clothe it with such spe- five hundred dollars that should have
cific authority as is necessary for the gone into the State treasury, and St.
performance of such an herculean Johns County of an amount more than
task. twice as great.
Blockade by Wealthy Tax Dodgers This could not have occurred if the
The Tax Commission has vainly Tax Commission had had the power
tried to bring all the tax-dodging now asked.
class into line, and in its efforts has It may be noted, too, that had the
had to contend with the powerful fi- Board of Commissioners of St. Johns
nancial interests which heretofore County dared to defy public sentiment
have escaped paying a just tax. still more and reduced the assessment
The Tax Commission has labored to of the Flagler estate, to its former
bring the wealthy class up to the rack, figure-seventy-five thousand dollars
,. .-that the -Tax Commission would
and while partially successful, in some thatthe ax Commission would
n p b ucc om ,have been just -as powerless.
instances it has been unable to do as That is why the appeal is made for
,. That is why the appeal is made for
much of this as is necessary, because ., i a o \
these interests, entrenched as they specific authority of law that such
e i e, ent t cases of injustice and unequal taxa-
are, guarded by' local conditions and tion can be adjusted and equalized L
local politics, have thwarted the ef- the Tax Commission for the benefit of
forts of the Tax Commission to force the asses of Flm orida.
the int ln, becuse the, masses of Florida.
them into line, because- Railroads Not Properly Taxed
The powers given to the Tax Com- The Tax Commission also takes the
mission are so vague as to leave in position that the great railroad sys-
the minds of many a doubt as to tes of our State have never been
whether the Commission could enforce properly taxed, as but o ne element of
its mandates in requiring equalization. value has heretofore been considered
Appeal to the Average Citizen in fixing the value of these'properties
This is a condition that calls for the for taxation, viz: physical value, or,
seriop, consideration of all the people. ne properly speaking the cost of
Particularly is the appeal made to construction.
the average citizen, who has too long The Commission believes that this
permitted the wealthy minority to basis is wrong; it believes that every
overload him unjtiustly with taxation, element affecting the value should be
To remedy this condition for the considered, ;and this has not been done
common good the Tax Commission is with reference to the railroads, as
asking that the Legislature clothe it but one element of value, as above
with specific authority to enable it to stated, is considered.
effectively control the administration The Tax .Commission believes that
of the law. it should assess these properties, as,
If'this power is given the Tax Com- being in touch at all times with the
mission, it will be able, in a great several County Assessors, it fs in a
measure, to relieve the man of moder- better position to know when the line
ate means, as well as the poor man, of equality is reached than is now the
of the tax burden that now rests n case.
taeir shoulders, and that has for so More Unjust Taxes Paid by People
long rested there, while it will place The U. S. Census Bureau estimated
a just part of this burden on the the value of all railroads in Florida in
shoulders of the wealthy class, and 1912, placing this at approximately
thereby equalize the burdens of taxa- $311,000,000.00, and the assessment
tion. against these properties for 1916 is,
Would Help the Poor Man i n round numbers $45,000,000.00,
The Tax Commission is asking the which represents 14 per cent of their
support of the great mass of the peo- estimated value.
ple in this effort to properly distrib- This same authority estimates the
ute the burden of taxation, to the end, value of real estate and personal prop-
that instead of taxation being oppres- erty in Florida in 1912 to be about
sive to the poor it will be equitably $695,000,000.00, and the assessment of
distributed and, thereby placed on these properties for 1916 is approxi-
those most benefited by the govern- mately, $260,000,000.00, which repre-
ment. sents about 37 per cent of estimated
An Outrage Against the People value.
With proper legislation the Tax Thus it will be seen that real es-
Commission can, in the future, .pre- tate and personal property are taxed
vent such outrages on justice as has at nearly three times the per cent at
recently been perpetrated by the which railroad property is taxed.
B~ard of County Commissioners of Tax Commission Should Have Control
Hillsborourh County. The Tax Commission realizes the in-
This was the case where the Board equality of this condition and has urg-
reduced the assessment against the ed the remedy, but so far, have been
personal property of the Banks of that unable to get it applied. 6
County to the absurd level of 10 per The Commission feels that it should
cent, in spite of the efforts of the Tax have entire control over the whole
Commission to prevent it. tax system, and believes that it can
This action on the part of these bring order out of chaos if given the
county commissioners was a flagrant power to do it.
violation of justice, and was discrim- Forty-one States now have perma-
ination against every taxpayer in nent Tax Commissions, and practical-
Florida, in favor of those banks. ly every one of them has placed this
With the proper authority, the Tax work on the Commission and it has
Commission could have prevented this worked out well. It will do this in
outrage upon a helpless citizenship. Florida if the Legislature' will make
Another "Lemon" for the People such provision for railroad asscss-
.Another "lemon was handed to ment.
the people of t. Johns county by its' The Common Cause for Welfare
Board of County Commissioners. The Tax Commission appeals to the
With the legislation asked for the masses of the people in the State to.
Tax Commission can prevent a recur- make common cause with it and to in-
rence of such case of injustice, sist that their delegation in the next
This was the flagrant violation of Legislature clothe the Tax Commis-
justice perpetrated by the Board of sion with all needful power to protect
County Commissioners of St. Johns the interests of the masses.
County when it reduced the assess- The appropriation of Fifteen Thous-
ments against the personal property and Dollars ,($15,000.00) annually for
of the estate of Henry M. Flagler the Tax Commission means, one-half
from sixteen million dollars to five (%) of one cent onl every One Hun-
million dollars. dred Dollars ($100) valuation of prop-
The Tax- Commission, after investi- erty for the year 1916.
gation, found that this estate was ap- This % of 1 cent on the hundred
MUCH WORK AHEAD
FOR LAW MAKERS
NUMBER OF MATTERS SUGGEST-
ED THAT MAY RECEIVE LEGIS-
(By Oscar M. Johnson)
The next' Legislature, which con-
venes on April 3, since the constitu-
tion provides that the general assem-'
bly shall be called together in bien-
nial session on the first Tuesday after
the first Monday in April of odd years,
will be interesting in many respects.
It is expected to go down in history as
one of the most progressive in view of
the probabilities of the enactment of
legislation which other states have
written on their statute books, but
which have not been fovared by pre-
vious assemblies of this state.
Measures which have failed in ses-
sions of the past decade will be adopt-
ed without difficult sledding this year.
There will be a large number of them,
too. A number of entirely new ideas
will be sprung. One of them will be
a bill abolishing the boards of county
commissioners, which will be introduc-
ed by Amos Lewis of Jackson County.
Efforts wil bb made to create seven
new counties, and it is expected that
most of these measures will be suc-
cessful in passage, subject to referen-
Of course, there will be a great
number of duplications of bills touch-
ing upon the same subject. Before the
Legislature is in session ten days its
hoppers will contain more than 1,000
bills, which will bear directly upon
hardly more than 50 subjects. The
following is a carefully. prepared re-
sume of the bills and resolutions,
which will occupy a major portion of
the time of the legislators during the
sixty days beginning April 3:
Submission of constitutional amend-
ment providing for state-wide prohibi-
Submission of constitution amend-
ment providing for woman's suffrage.
Repeal of Davis Package Law and
passage of substitute lessening the
possibilities of the operation of sa-
lJoois under the guise of clubs,
Repeal of the Gornto game law,
which was passed in 1915, and which
abolished the -state game commission
and took the supervision out of hands
of state and placed it in the 'hands of
Repeal of Bryan primary law,
adopted in 1913, and which did away
with the second primary and substi-
tuted the second choice method of vot-
Revision of the state libel laws,
which are regarded oke of the most
drastic in the country.
Repeal of the law creating the state
tax commission. Others will propose
increased powers for the tax commis-
sioners, placing the assessing of rail-
roads, telegraph lines and telephone
lines in their hands and taking this
duty out of the hands of railroad com-
mission and comptroller.
Increase in number of justices of the
supreme court from five to six, maxi-
mum number permitted under the con-
Amendment to corrupt practice act,
which will require candidates to file
receipted bills covering payment of
Law requiring the dipping of cattle
/ in line with the campaign to eradicate
the cattle tick. '
Substantial appropriation by the
state to conduct the cattle tick eradi-
cation campaign in conjunction with
Federal authorities and associations
now- carrying on the work.
Substantial appropriation to com-
plete the campaign against citrus can-
ker. The Federal government will
match every dollar appropriated by
the state for this work up to $300,-
000. The legislature of 1913 appro-
priated $125,000 covering two years.
Submission of constitutional amend-
raent pi.viding for the initiative, ref-
erendum i nd recall, extending to the
Creation of state board of veterin-
I aw permitting cities and counties
to levy publicity tax assessments.
Pure advertising, law designed to
prevent misrepresentation in real es-
tate and other advertising.
Creation of commission to assume.
charge of the Everglades drainage
operations and place the credit of the
st;;le, not ,alone the drainage district,
behind the drainage bonds.
Bill to, divide and create new coun-
ties, out of St. John, Volusia, Brevard,
DeSoto and another out of parts of
Marion and Levy, Calhoun (Craw-
ford), Pinellas (Wilson Co.)
Law making it mandatory on the
part of the governor to call a primary
for. the nomination of.successor to any
officer removed from office.'
Creation of Twelfth Judicial Circuit,
: TO CATHOLICS I
" .... .. .. *
MAN AND DUTY
* -- -- -- -- ''
FLORIDA'S WEEKLY STATE PAPER
ITH this issue the Free Press begins its
regular visits from Lake City, and also
begins to carry our weekly editorial ut-
terances.to the great people of Florida.
The change to Lake City and to our editorial
control has finally been thought best, all things
considered, to make the Free Press a strong, per-
'manent state weekly; and this proposition is treat-
'ed more at length in another column.
In connection with such a change we desire to
be understood as to our editorial policy.
All our readers realize that during the cam-
paigns, last year the paper was more or less a
propaganda proposition, and as such it served its
purpose nobly and well. But victories won must
becherished. The elbow-touch must be preserved.
United -action must not be lost. The work already
done must be conserved, and new results accom-
plished, The dangers attendant upon reaction fol-
lowing, achieved success must be watched.
Intercommunication is necessary, and that is
one geat work that this paper wil undertake.
TheFree Press is democratic, so far as .the eid-
itor is concerned, and expects to win its victories
in Florida on the democratic firing line. Like the
famous Palmetto regiment on the fields of Mex-
.icGve want "a. place in the picture close to the
flashing of the guns"--and we shall be in the
We shall labor earnestly for state-wide, nation-
wide and ,world-wide respectability and prosperity,
which can only come with a concurrent prohibition
of the-liquor traffic,
Against the communicants of any ecclesiastical
body, as such, we have no complaint; but we are
unalterably opposed to any so-called religious or-
ganization that may attempt to make all others
subservient to itself, whether its headquarters be
In Italy, Utah or anywhere else.
We shall contend with all- the earnestness at our'
command, that church and 'state should be forev-
er separate, and will stand square-shouldered
#nd loud and long and4 strong against the insid-
ious..efforts of any ecclesiastical body, no matter
where its headquarters, to gain power and ascen-
dancy and throttle the liberties of the free people
of this free country. We have been on the firing
line in this great movement' for twenty-eight
years, and modestly claim to know something of
the enemy by this time. And, while contending
against the common enemy without, we shall warn
and plead against his efforts to bring about in-
ternicine dissensions, realizing that it is the water
that gets inside a boat that sinks it-not that on
We shall demand that the democratic party in
Florida be returned to the people of the state by
those who traduced it to undemocratic schemes in
1916, and that this return of the machinery of
the -party of the people to the people be accom-
plished without unreasonable delay.
We shall stand by the state administration, and
be open and above-board both with the adminis-
fi-ation and its critics and enemies. We have
Confidence in the sincerity and integrity of the
governor; and we believe that in a few months his
fairness and 'ability will impress the entire state
quite f'r.o,?ably. We know that with so many po-
litical and journalistic soreheads, almost any act
of the governor is to be unreasonably criticised
and his motives questioned by those some of
whom did all that could be considered fair or foul
to keep him out of the governor's mansion.
Our Jacksonville contributor in another column
may rest assured that the Free Press is none the
less committed to the principles that triumphed
in the elections last June and November.
HERE is much being said about the removal
'of certain officials over the state by the gov-
Sernor, and much of the press of the state
is arrayed against the administration at Tallahas-
see. Oh this account it is possible that well-
meaning people may be led to believe that the gov-
ernor makes these removals without just cause.
Without consulting -Governor Catts at all, and
therefore subject to his approval, we make the
following suggestion to Johnson, Howell et als:
Let the accused officer, either before or after re-
moval, no smatter:which, sign an agreement by
which he consents for the Free Press to publish
the record or showing upon which the governor
bases his action or at least those parts that are
most conclusive. If the accused and the governor
will consent to this, then the Free Press will
print it and the people may judge whether there .
was sufficient ground for removal or not.
To our mind this is a fair proposition; and if i
an accused official considers himself ,wronged, let c
the people know what led to the infliction of that
We are sending marked copies of this issue of e
the Free Press to as many of the decapitated of- t
ficials as we can locate, and will be delighted to t
hear from them. d
\ .ooo o
The Leesburg Commercial's subscription price s
is $2.00 year, and it's worth more. Any live local 1
paper is worth, $10.00 a year to anybody's home, o
and $1.50 to $2.00 is cheap enough. b
Talking about doing away with county commis- s
sioners: the worst objector will be the tadpole pol- g
iticians and the pee-wee country editors who still th
want to be able to remind county commissioners la
that their efforts elected them and that therefore re
they mO t pay them back: just listen for. it. til
,ROM the Miami Heral'd we learn of an or
Sdinance now before the city council of Mi-
Sami that sets the Puritan blue laws in the
shade and rivals the Spanish Inquisition. -In fact
any one who is at all informed along these lines
can see in this ordinance the same "fine Italiar
hand" that.fostered the bloody inquisition anc
would plant it in America today if it only had the
power: and sometimes we conclude that it thinks
it almost has the power.
The passing of such a- silly ordinance is a seri-
ous reflection on Miami, and if the men who pass
such fool ordinances as the one in question are
the men that make Miami, then we are glad they
didn't make the town we live in.
Just to let sane, sensible, common, honest peo-
ple know how big fools men in authority can make
of themselves, we giv6 the following from the Her-
ald's account, our only comment being that such
an ordinance would not stand in any court in the
world not presided over by a crazy Papist:
At the request of a thousand petitioners, tour-
ists and residents, backed up by. the eloquence of
Mitchell D. Price, of Price & Eyles, attorneys for
petitioners, city council last night placed on the
first and second readings an ordinance making it
punishable to publicly vilify citizens and visitors
in their religious beliefs by imputing to them a
want of patriotisin, honesty or morality.
The petitioners declared in their preamble that
they wished to "Protest against professional agi-
tators being permitted publicly -to vilify some of
our most respected citizens and visitors in their re-
ligious or other private beliefs by imputing to
them a lack of patriotism, dishonesty and gross
immorality in language calculated to produce a
disturbance of the peace."
The petitioners further deaared that "No one
appreciates more than we do the constitutional
guarantee of freedom of speech, but when profes-
sional agitators invade our city to stir up strife
and discord among citizens and visitors, we feel
called upon as parties profoundly interested in
preserving harmony and good feeling among dif-
ferent religious bodies in our city, to put on rec-
ord our condemnation of such a course, which is
not liberty of speech but the worst abuse that
could be made of it."
The ordinance is entitled:
"An ordinance to prohibit the making and deliv-
ery of any public speech, oration or declaration
o any audience assembled in any public place in
he city of Miami, containing any inflammatory,
erogatory or defamatory utterances, expressions
or declarations directed to or about any religious
ect, church, organization or denomination, charg-
ng said religious sect, church, denomination or
organization, or any of its members, followers or
elievers, as such, with lack of patriotism, hon-
sty or morality, or containing opprobious and
erogatory insinuations or epithets referring to
uch religious sect, denomination, church or or-
anization, or any of its members on account of
heir connection therewith that would be calcu-
ated to incite the anger of the members of such
religious sect, church, denomination or organiza-
on or that wouldbe caflulated to provoke. a
TAX EQUALIZATION NEEDED
If there is one tiig more than an,4
other that the United States is famous
for, it is.unequal and unjust tax laws;l
says that great agricultural magazine
-Southern Farming. Eirer since the
days of George the Third our,14ws
have been designed to soak the small
landower and let thebig landowner
.get off light. few years ago the
Georgia legislature passed ; law which
in a rpesure gave the small o"wne
justice Even, at that, the big owner
contrived ato get hjis valued 1 $ *$an
acre, while his smaller neighbor's land
wag valued at $20. But the big land+
owners are not even content with that
Some of them are now trying with
Am I n4 .an jin ., _-to gqt that,,' tax lasvy
repealed. They apparently want a law
which will enable them to dodge pay-
ing t*;es altogether., If we make any
amendment at.all to our present tax
law it should, .bto .add.-about $17 to
.the. big la ndowner's ty valuation. In-
stead of letting him off, he should be
soaked again. What our southern
states e d is some law that will make
iTunprofitable to h6old land for"specu,
latjon. Then we shall be rid of the
tenant problem, and the land shall
come back into the hands of the famn-
ers, where it belongs.-Valley Gazette,
JUDGE CONGRATULATES SUF-,
Washington, Special.---Chief Justice
Walter A. Clark, of the North Caroli-
na-Supreme Court,;, telegraphed last,
..night-to.Mrs, Carrie Chapman Catt,
president. of the Natioanal Woman's
Suffrage Association, congratulating
her open the acctssion of Arkansas to
:the ranks of suffrage States. "It opens
the. door to womana-. suffrage in the
uitli," ~the message- said.
POOR FIGHTING TACTICS
HE Mayo Free Pres is in bad. It is contend-
S ing against any effort to legalize the liquor
S traffic in Lafayette county, since a move-
.ment has been started to have a "wet or dry"
election in that county. On the same editorial
page it jumps on Governor Catts and his adminis-
tration, which is strongly committed to the cause
of prohibition. Every time the Mayo paper
hits Governor Catts it is weakening its'-wn argu-
ment against liquor and lessening its prospect of
carrying Lafayette county dry.
Just how a paper-or an individual-can preach
prohibition in one breath, and in the next cham-
pion the cause of a booze-fighter, who was remov-
ed from office for drunkenness, is a puzzle.
And another matter hard to understand is that
a paper in Lafayette county should plead for a
deposed booze-fighter in Hamilton county. As all
these papers are largely of county circulation, why.
not leave the noble task of rubbing the booze la-
bels off of Bartow Johnson to the Jasper News
and the Hamilton Banner?
If the Mayo paper goes on carrying a booze
fight on one arm and a prohibition fight for
its county on the other, one is sure to lose to the
other and both may fail as a result of this unholy
breach of the peace; and to provide a penalty for
the violation thereof."
We merely want to add that if it is ever our
privilege to speak in Miami we hope every digna-
tary of the city government will be there, for we
shall surely violate the silly provisions of that
un-American and cowardly ordinance. Nobody
but a moral coward would vote 'for such an ordi-
Uante, any ay.
es MAKES REAL
we CASH RETURNS
Ir. LAND VALUES AND YIELDS ARE
ire INCREASED THROUGH EXTEN-
For every dollar spent in coopera-
ve tive demonstration work in Florida by
!v- the State and Federal governments
n- thru the University of Florida exten-
ry sion division, the farms and farmers
a are twenty-five dollars better off.
to Which is a remarkable return on the
investment. The returns are made in
the form of increased farm values,
increased crop production, and in-
creased herds of improved livestock
Part of the return is in cash; the rest
on of it is in the farm itself or its equip-
c- You don't generally like figures, but
o- you will like these. Here are a few
es of the items that go to make up the
ey big returns:
k- Thru following the demonstration
ig methods, the corn crop was increased.
That increase, figured at 90 cents a
w bushel, was $51,572. The increase in
on silage at $4 a' ton was $14,464. The
at increase in hay at $26 a ten was $10,-
n- 320. The increase in oats at 70 cents
ie a bushel was $20,837. Going on thru
rt the list you will find cowpeas and vel-
re vet beans netting an increase of $52,-
350. Irish potatoes show an increas-
s, ed production amounting to more than
ot a thousand dollars, and sweet pota-
11, toes, an increase of nearly six thous-
- and dollars.
ie Thru demonstration methods used
in handling livestock, the total return
d- was $492,710. Which includes .the
d value of new' stock and the value of
Lo those saved from deathby disease.
The increased value of the farms
a brought about thru improvements
such as stumping, and the building of
silos and dipping vats amounts to
$130,000. The value of fertilizers and
E manures bought or saved diounts to
more than oh and a half million dol-
. Then here are the results that can-
S not be measured in dollars. Farmers
t have been shown how to get increased
returns and by following the demon-
stration methods year after year will
S be compounding the interest on this
Y year's investment. Boys and girls
S have been shown how to-raise better
Scorn and pigs and to, can, or otherwise
.save, the surplus products bfthe farm
gardens, Farmers are choosing bet-
ter seed for planting and better breed-
S ing stock as a basis for their livestock
herds. They are planting new crops
and handling old ones in 'new and
more'profitable ways. And' all of this
f was brought about thru the efforts of
t the workers in the extinsion division.
S The best evidence of the popularity
. of demonstration work in Florida is
seen in the increased appropriations
From local sources for itA support. Tlhe
Federal government gives about one-
Shalf of the money that is available for
Sthe work. The rest of it dohies from'
the State andthe counties having
) agents. The returns go to the State
generally, but to the counties with
agents in particular.
THE MAJOR'S SWORD
AND LITTLE DIXIE
Another lucid interval developed for
some unknown reason in the "powers"
that trp to guide that unsavory little
sheet which calls itself Dixie with a
slogan "If it's right we are for it;"
and during that lucid interval it ad-
vises every one not to fear Major
Mackey's sword. It also says "How
long will this sort of thing last ?"
Now, little sheet, the major says it
will last for a long time, as it is good
steel, highly engraved-with solid coin
silver hilt-and last but not least a
.present from Scottish Rite Masons,
who also are true as steel and as solid
as coin silver, and they have engraved
in them real, true friendship.
So don't worry about how long it
will last; but to relieve your system
of any doubt will say long after the.
couple hundred subscribers you have
on your list have quit and that sheet
with its slogan has gone, to that
bourne from which no traveler returns,
the Major's sword will still be on the
job helping to make good Governors.
N. B.-SILENCE IS GOLDEN, but
the Major feels this advice falls on
TENNESSEE GOVERNOR VE-
TOES "BUCKET SHOP" BILL
Nashville, Tenn., Special.-Governor
Rye has vetoed the bill knows as the
cotton futures or bucket shop act,
which legalizes trading in futures,
takes such business out of its present
legal classification as gambling, and
give brokers and exchanges full pro-
tection in the collection of debts from
Governor Rye said he thought it in-
advisable to legalize trading in fu-
tures and objected especially to
abolishing the right of wives to re-
cover sums lost by their husband in
bucket shop speculatiuon.
_ I _I __
THE FREE PRESS
* BUSINESS NOTICE
Published every Tuesday by the Index Printin
Co., (Inc.) at 22 No. Marion St., Lake City, Fla.
J. B. Hodges, Pres. A. B. Cargile, Sec.-Treas
A. B, Cargile . ....... .. .. ... Edito
Duly entered as second class matter at the Post Office
at Jacksonville, Florida, and request filed for change to
the Post Office at Lake City, Florida.
Subscription $1.00 Per Year in Advance
Lake City, Fla., Tuesday, March 27, 1917
ABOUT THE EDITOR
ANY of our readers who know J. L. Bowl
of Jacksonville, or know who he is, do n
know who the editor is. To all such)
merely let Mr. Bowles speak in the following v
untary signed statement; and having known t
attitude and activity and effective work of M
Bowles along patriotic lines so long, his words a
the more appreciated:
March 19, 1917.
To Whom It May Concern:
I take great pleasure in stating that I ha
known Mr. A. B. Cargile for the last twenty-se
en or -eight years. I have found him a high-to
ed, honorable gentleman and patriotic to the ve
highest point. I have seen him where it took
real man to stand the fire, and never knew him
J. L. BOWLES.
HEN Romanists declare universal war
the public schools, and when they allow
high authority among them to go on re
ord as saying that "the public schools have pr
duced nothing but a godless generation of thiev
and black-guards," it seems paradoxical that the
should want 250 of those "thieves and blac
guards" in the Jacksonville public schools to sir
at a big Catholic blow-out in the Catholic club.
Is the reader surprised ? We are not: we kno
"Papa." He finds out that he can't bluff you, the
he'll blindfold you. That's his game. That's wht
he was up to in that episode mentioned on a
other page from Jacksonville, and that's why tt
children were not allowed to know from the sta:
where they would render the production they we]
It is hard for children of Protestant parent
who are told that because their parents were n
married by a priest they are not married at al
and that all children born to them are bastards-
it is too much to ask them to lend glory to th
source of their condemnation And defamation.
All praise to the patriotic children of Jackson
ville who knew what to do, and were not afrai
to do it! The editor of the Free Press hopes t
some day shake hands with every one of them.
These brave young people should be given
great public reception, and we would be delight
ed to attend.
WOULD LEGALIZE EXCHANGES OF SPAC]
S FOR RAILROAD MILEAGE
SBILL has been introduced in the Wisconsi
assembly by D. S. Burnett of Maratho
county providing for the creation of a stat
ute to permit reciprocal advertising contracts be
tween newspapers and intrastate railroads. I
"Any railroad company in this state may ex
change for advertising in any daily or weekly.
newspaper published in this state, or as payment
of a contract therefore, tickets or mileage book
entitling the editor of such newspaper and mem
bers of his family dependent upon him, if he doe
not hdld a public office of trust or profit, to trans
portation over the lines of such railroad company
between points wholly within this state for a dis
tance of not more than 2.500 miles in the aggre
gate in any one year."
The bill is supported by manyof Wisconsin's lead
ing newspaper men. B. E. Walters, secretary of
the Central Wisconsin Press association, has sent
out circulars in which he expresses belief that the
measure can be ,passed if members of the legisla-
ture have the matter put to them in the right light
and are made'to understand that the publishers
are not asking for passes.
Just why any legislator can object to such a bill
is a mystery. Georgia has such a law, and it
works well. 'It may be that the trouble is that
some legislators have never had pointed out to
them the difference between a mileage 'contract
and a pass.
A law along this line in Florida would enable
live-wire publishers to do more publicity and de-
velopment work and the railroads to keep in clos-
er touch with the people.
, After all, We don't believe a staute forbidding
such an exchange would be constitutional, for it
wouldI impair the right to make contracts: and
the mileage-exchange proposition is a business
contract, pure and simple.
Who is the Florida lawmaker that will take
the lead in a movement that will leave the newspa-
pers free to do business on contract basis, along
with other lines ?
'- THE FREE PRESS, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
MAY BE A GOOD PROPOSITION
o EPRESENTATIVE Amos Lewis of Marian-
J na proposes to do away with county commis-
S sioners entirely.
He is working on a joint resolution which he
will ask the '17 legislature to adopt, submitting to
the people a constitutional amendment that will
abolish all the boards of county commissioners
and school boards. It will provide that all of the
business now transacted by these two boards be
attended to by boards that will consist of the va-
rious county officials, assisted by the county attor-
neys, the latter being a member of the county
boards, just as the attorney-general is a member
of the various state boards. The sheriff, having
s- many bills that need approving, would proba-
bly not be a member of the county board, but the
clerk of court, tax assessor and collector, county
judge, registration officer and school superintend-
ent would be.
It may not be generally known to'those who do
not read extensively from other counties, but
there has for some time been a growing senti-
ment in favor of doing away with all county com-
missioners. And this is on general principles,
without any reference to any commissioners in
Of course the cost of such an administration is
one great argument. But another, and one of the
strongest, is that county commissioners are in a
majority of cases elected as a stroke of political
pull, regardless of all else. There is entirely too
much "ring politics" in putting in county com-
missioners in nearly every county in the state.
There is merit in the bill proposed by Mr. Lew-
To our mind the only correct solution of the
county road problem is to employ a thoroughly
competent road supersivor and put him in charge
of all the roads in the county, and keep him busy
all the time. We are almost sure that some coun-
ties will never have much better roads until
this is done. And this is no reflection on the old
board or.the new: it is the fault of the system
alone. There has been considerable comment
about some commissioners letting county
mules out for their-feed, some going far enough
to say they thought they would try to get one to
run a dray: but such a condition is the fault of
the unbusinesslike system, and riot of the men
who, by the votes of the people, are compelled to
work under that system. The fact that one board
leaves no funds in the treasury for the next board
is another weakness of the system. Another de-
fect in the system is in the fact that it is so often
charged-and often true-that a commissioner
will do most for the roads where most of his votes
And in this connection it may be well to re-
mark that we believe all the main through high-
ways should be under the jurisdiction of the state
road 'department, and not the counties; and that
would leave the counties free to look after roads
of less importance. This, also, will come eventu-
ally-it has already come in a number of states.
There is every argument in favor of this proposi-
tion; and if there is one against it we have yet
to run across it.
SILLY BLUE LAWS IN MIAMI
* Just as soon as additional *
* equipment can reach us and be in- *
* stalled, the Free Press will be ma- *
* terially improved and enlarged. *
* Until then it is our purpose to do *
* the very best we can. *
* This is not intended as an apol- *
* ogy. It was evident that further *
* delay to put the paper on a per- *
* manent, business-like basis would'*
* not be beneficial to its future, and *
* so we took it with certain under- *
* standing about additional equip- *
* ment. *
* And nothing but our devotion *
* to the principles advocated and *
* the confidence expressed .in us *
* could have induced us to take on *
* this.stgtewide responsibility. Hav- *
* ing taken hold, it is our purpose *
* trq ake the Free Press what we *
* shall claim it to be-Florida's *
* weekly state paper. *
SAlthough already enjoying a
gratifying circulation, this paper *
Must have 2,000 new "subscribers *
this spring and summer: and we *
are going to get them. Devotion *
to the principles ",on which the *
Free Press stands will prompt *
mapy to rally quickly to its stand- *
ard, and i'hducemeits will be of- *
feared u young people all over *
.the state to work for the paper. *
As fast-as. it is possible to be
S.doAe after the transfer of a pa- .
per to its -new home, we want to
Sarrange departments for the fra- *
ternal organizations, patriotic or- *
ders, unions, W. C. T. U., and all *
other infitences of any, conse- *
Sequence among the people. *
Editorial Policy *
No effort will be made to '"set *
the world afire."! Wemay not be *
strong enough for obne class of ex- *
*.tremists nor slow enough for the *
oth-er; but it will not be long, we *
lf nt, before our readers will real- .
ize that we are pursuing the prop- *
r policy for a permanent state *
No Factionalism *
We shall declineto listen-to any *
*.discord among the ranks of those *
wo.shpuld be working to the *
Same. great end. "Nothing doing" *
Salon this line. *
Send in Subscriptions *
Those in arrears should renew *
at once, as we can give no inti- *
maton,as to how. ,soon those in
arrears will be stricken from the *
list..Vhen you see the Free Press *
Sa few weeks hence you will be *
* proud of your 'renewal receipt, *
* On account of the high prices of *
* everything used in the printing *
* business we must be excused if *
* we persistently and earnestly *
* urge that all expired subscriptions *
* -.be pro'miptily renewed. *
* In Experienced Hands *
* Free Press readers "may rest *
* assured that the paper is in the *
* hands of experienced newspaper *
* people, who expect to make it an *'
* unqualified success-with your *"
* valued co-operation. "
* Send in your remittance on sub- *
* scription right now--while yoti *
* are thinking about it. *
*., Simply address: *
* THE FREE PRESS, ,"*
* Lake City, Fla. *
* -_*_*-*-_*-_* -*i-.,-x-. *
I II OVERHEARD IN JACKSONVILLE @ $
. THE FREE PRESS, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
THE FLORIDA PREE PRESS
Since the latest reorganization of
The Free Press, involving the remov-
al of the management and printing of
the paper to the friendly neighboring
soil of Lake City, Fla., the people of
Jacksonville who brought out the pa-
per over a year ago feel that their ef-
forts have merged with a larger un-
dertaking, destined. to immortalize to
some extent the life and achievements
of the organ of public expression in
Florida that would not be downed.
Some people in Jacksonville have
suggested that the name of the paper
be changed to read "THE FLORIDA
FREE PRESS," as the scope of the
paper is clearly statewide. They feel
and declare that in sending the paper
to Lake City they are conferring an
honor on that center of .culture and
patriotism, and at the same time hav-
ing achieved an honor in having pro-
duced a paper commanding the powers
of such gentlemen as Mr. Hodges and
At the same time, there are others
in Jacksonville who are human to the
extent of looking with a degree of
misgiving upon this change of habita-
tion and possibly of name. They do
not attempt to conceal the sentiment
that whereas the paper once served as
an unlimited medium of expression of
both sides of every question, whenever
contributions were offered and kept
within bounds, they now apprehend
that policy of the paper is tb change
and that in favor of more partizan-
ship-they fear a factional leaning
.- from this on. We give this as a mat-
ter of news only. It must have a sig-
In view of the foregoing facts, your
correspondent wiilsend in all news of
whatever character, from either or
both sides of eveiy question. iUnder-
standing that Thie Free Press will
"hardly be less friendly to the Adminis-
tration than it was to Governor Catts
during the campaign, and considering
that victory was so pronounced, all
discerning observers of this history in
the making will no doubt find in the
columns of The Fred Press, and espe-
cially in the Jacksonville Items, a lib-
eral expression of both sides of every
question, as reflected in the news.
The Mills of the Gods at Work
For the, first month of the Catts
regime, no perceptible change was ap-
parent from Jacksonville or Duval
.county. During the second month, the
big machinery of' administration' got
under way-the rumbling of rusty
wheels throwing off the dust and
grime of inactivity gave place to the
hum of an oiling up and a speeding up.
Then the sheaves of routine began
falling into the teeth of the cylinders
as it were and the Mills of the Gods
of Destiny began slowly to grind "ex-
ceeding fine." Tremors ensued in
many quarters. As one by one the
promises of the Administration began
making good, chagrin darkened many
a face-the pallor of panic appeared
in others-but such panics represented
no business injury though some men
had to get other jobs. The situation
is tense just now in Duval count"
from expectancy both ways-but that
we have a Governor in Tallahassee
now none can deny-least of all those
requiring a Governor and nothing less
to make them sit up and take notice.
The First Head to Falli /
Charlie Jones was" having his regu,
lar spasm in Dixie. He was roasting
saloons, elubs,, gambling hells, the cus-
tom of :escorting girls to hotels and
initiating them into the science of mix-
ing drinks, and saying to the Gover-
nor, "what are you going to do about
it-what are ye afraid of?" -when,
"bar!!" as the sailor said, something
fell before Chollie pausedfor reply.
The Hodges investigation having been
a matter of report for due time, and
the Governor having considered what
he was going to do about it, he sud-
denly answered Jones abnd Dixie by
removing "Lonnie" Howell from office
and appointing Fred W. Butler, ,sub-,
ject to approval of the Senate. How-
ell's friends say that he is being made
a scape goat and others insist that
Dowling must go if Howell is to suffer.
Criticisms are offered to the effect that
Governor Catts should have confined
himself to conduct of officers since be-
ginning of this administration, Others
allege that Jackpap lle intrigues of
the past have been tran kferred alive to
Tallahassee; threats to make an issue
of these in'the State Senate and invest,
tigate the campaign are rife, Even
Mr, Farris declared that he found it
to, be a fact that the Senate is niatur-
ally favorable to the Governor but is
likely to make an issue of certain in-
cumbents in office and demand that
they be eliminated from intervention in
these matters before a favorable atti-
tude from the Senate to the Governor
can be established.
Seamns Opening Up
It is undpeftood that a division has
appeared between the Board of Bond
Trustees and the Board of County
Commissioners. The breach is said to
be serious and unhealing. A disgrace-
ful manifestation wasr exhibited by an
attempt on the part of Bostwick et al
to hold the Armory as a hostage for
the collection of certain disputed ac-
counts for light and water. The Coun-
ty Commissioners refused to pay and
the lights were actually turned off
from the Armory. The Adjutant Gen-
eral being notified, came over and ad-
justed the matter to the extent of
guaranteeing the current bills and for
the future, whereupon the Bond Trus-
tees are sueing the County Commis-
sioners for the amount of the disputed
accounts. Much unfavorable comment
is passing back and forth expressing
dissatisfaction with the whole plan of
the Jacksonville City Government in
the matter of the powers and doings
of the Board of Bond Trustees. The
trend of public opinion is moving to-
ward a climax that is expected to de-.
mand a new Charter for Jacksonville
that will abolish the Bond Trustees
and afford a'plan that will work in the.
hands of the common people.
The Petition Circulated By Mr. Farris
More than 20% of the tax payers
having signed a petition circulated by
Senator Farris asking the Governor to
order an audit or investigation of the
accounts and acts of the Jacksonville
City Government, it is expected that
the contemplated probe will soon take
place. Some extravagant predictions,
of a hundred-thousand-dollar audit
are scoffed at by those claiming to
know conditions, and these people de-
clare that the proposed undertaking
is not to do the work all over again,
but to make the Bond Trustees show
and disgorge all reservations of facts
and procedures of interest to the pub-
lic and the tax payers. Keen observ-
ers declare that the present unrest is
mild to compare with the storms soon
to break over Duval County and Jack-
sonville, when the misdeeds of political
tricksters, grafters and favorites are
shortly to be exposed, the guilty pun-
ished and the community freed from
the despotic exploit that has squan-
dered millions in vain.
Evidences of inefficiency in the city
election machinery appeared during
the last two city primaries in Jackson-
ville. The election clerks and inspec-
tors of both of these- primaries had
not been paid a cent for their services
up to the mailing of this. The com-
mittee is understood to have instruct-
ed "Mr. Foster," a city employee who
is treasurer of the Central Democrat-
ic Committee, to deposit the. funds as-
sessed from the candidates for the
elections in Bostwisk's Bank-the
Guaranty Trust and Savings Bank.
Mr. Foster, according to the other
committeeman, disobeyed in this, and
deposited the funds with the First
Germania Savings Bank, thus favor-
ing his friend, Mr. Herrin. The delib-
erate closure of that bank by Herrin is
a matter of recent notorious history
and now, the committee blows about
what ought to be done to this or that
person but does nothing to pay these
inspectors, some of whom are getting
impatient and angry. On the night of
the last primary a near mutiny was
up in the Fourth Ward because of this
"Ask Mr. Foster, h e probably
knows," is all they can get out he
committee. "Scavengers may have
merit, and Merritt may have his scav-
engership (or wagon) but not a man
on that committee is fit to serve an-
other day." This was the conclusion
of one of the clerks, while others ex-
coriated Foster and above all, Herrin
himself, for their conduct. Reference
was made to the fact that in Japan, a
banker doing as Herrin has done is
given the choice of killing himself or
being killed. "Heathen!" said some-
one. "Yes, but better heathen than
Herrin, Race, Harrison and Madagas-
car Johnson will ever be!" replied the
speaker. It is predicted that a law
will soon issue to make such pilfeiing
criminal stealing, in which case that
quartet might now be less insolent of
The Public .Schools Again
There is a persistent conviction in
the minds of many that our public
schools offer a constant temptation to
Roman Catholic influences to utilize
the educational system of the State for
the purpose of the Church government
of Rome. Though each recurrence of
this controversy arouses protest from
those who are disturbed by it, certain
unfortunate facts come up frequently
to-keep alive: the, differences of opin-
ion. Protestant believers in an inde-
pendent public school 1 system object
strenuously to anything that will tend
to form a part of an insidious Roman
Catholic influence over the children of
Protestant Americans. A striking case
is now upwith reference to a certain
musical recital which used the pub-
lic school children for material in the
chorus and* sought to force Protestant
children, on pain of discipline, not on-
ly to trairi in the public schools for
part in the recital, but to finally sing
-in THE CATHOLIC CLUB, which, by
,the way, is regarded as a Roman Cath-
olic institution posing as a Universal
Catholic club in an apostolic sense,
and is said to be the Roman Catholic
answer to the Y. M. C. A. It might
be properly considered so, is the alle-
gation ofmaay. -
A Case in Point
It seems that this ,stealthy prepara-
tion of Protestant children for utiliza-
tion as a part of Roman Catholic dem-
onstrations was attempted by training
the children for some future occasion
the particulars of which were withheld
from the children. When it became
known that it was to be in the Catho-
lic Club, a number of the children op-
enly refused to participate. For this
they were as stealthily punished as is
shown by the following statement:
Statement made by Hansel Fletcher,
11 years old, Palmetto street. March
10th, 1917. East Jacksonville School,
Mrs. Richardson, Prin., Miss Thale,
Teacher, High 5th Grade:
"Been practicing for entertainment
for about two weeks. Place where en-
tertainment to be held, unknown to
pupils until Thursday, 8th day' of
March, when they were advised by
Mrs. Richardson that it would be at
the Catholic Club."
Hansel Fletcher immediately on
learning this told, his teacher that he
would not practice further for an en-
tertainment in this Building (Catholic
Club). He. was followed by the fol-
lowing named boys, viz: Lester Heth-
erington, Clifton'Horton, Frank Stew-
art, Edward Moore, Burnett Guy, Dil-
lon Carlton, and a little girl, Dorothy
Lamb. The son of Frank Brown, Clerk
of Circuit Court Roberts and one of
Geo. V. -Salzer's, Billie continued in
Neither the Principal or Teacher
said anything to those refusing to
practice only after the exercise was
finished at 12:30 p. m. the one's tak-
ing part were dismissed while those
refusing were sent to the Fourth
Grade room taught by Miss Hunter
where they were required to stay un-
til 1:30 p. m., except Dorbthy Lamb,
the little girl and one of the boys,
Frank Stewart, whom she (Mrs. Rich-
ardson) sent up town on an errand.
The teacher, Miss Thale, left the room
at 12:30 p. m., so far the pupils know.
The result of this was that a large
committee of parents and friends
published in The Florida Metropolis
the following protest:
Protest Against the Attendance of
School Children at Musicale
"We -the undersigned wish to voice
our disapproval of our public school
children attending the musical recital
in the Catholic Club Friday afternoon,
March 9, arranged by the Ladies' Fri-
day Musical. We believe that no pa-
triotic parents should allow their chil-
dren to attend entertainments not in
keeping with Protestantism."
H. L. Simpson, R. B. Haines, Mrs. R.
B. Haines, W. G. Bowden, E. E. Rolfe,
F. Pullen, Lizzie Aspenwald, E. L. San-
ders, Mrs. L. L. Lucas, Mrs. G. W.
Keepe, Mrs. T. M. Lipscomb, E. L. Bar-
ton, M. B. Lipscomb, Mary B. Martin,
R, M. Rogers, Margaret Schott, Mattie
Connell, Franklin, Williams, L. A.
Ellis, Mrs. E. I. Pratt, Mrs. C. M. Phil-
lips, T. F. Williams, Mrs. T. S. Wil-
liams, Mrs. B. B. Dodd, Bert Bruce
Dodd, Bruce Dodd, J. W. Powell, Mrs.
T. D. Black, T. D. Black, Ralph H.
Roberts, J. H. Rosencrans, Nina M.
Hatcher, T. L. Blitch, S. M. Martin, C.
G. Sevill, A. M. Beevin, G. W. H.
Keefe, I. E. Beatty, Mrs. I. E. Beat-
ty, Mrs. S. M. Blitch, Mrs. S. I. Har-
per, O. Grother, J. W. McGhee Whit-
tier, W. A. Albury, W. H. Cox, T. M.
Lipscomb, Mrs. T. M. Hightower, G.
M. Hightower, R. B. Rogero, R. L.
Proctor, J. C. Privett, Ida H. Rogero,
Mrs. E. O. Williams, Mrs. A. B. Gore,
J. J. Mershon, Oscar Rector, A'. Coop-
er, Mrs. Lila Soderberg, Mrs. L. Far-
ree, Mrs. H. J. Ewing, John H. Mack-
ey, Leroy Way, Mrs. J. F. McClellan,
H. J. King, H. J. Ewing, Geo. H. Har-
per, Mrs. E. A. Tobias, Harry Plan-
ner, Mrs. J. P. Moore, E. F. Kitcher, J.
S. Olsen, Mrs. E. C. Lowe, Mrs. W.
B. Burpee, Mrs. V. Forbett, Frank
Webb, Jas. P. Leonard, Mrs. B. F.
Shake., Bess A. Deweese, Mrs. John H.
Mackey, Mrs. Louis Richardson, Leroy
Richardson, Mrs. S. M. McGill, Mrs. R.
S. Mackey, Mrs. Floyd Loftin, R. M.
Westerfield, R. S. Edwards, H. D. Mc-
Coy, Martha A. McCoy, J. L. Richard-
son, Mrs. E. L. Holley, Mrs. G. L. Phil-
lips, Mrs. J. C. Herndon, Mrs. M. H.
McCrighty, Mrs. L. L. L. Simpson, Gif-
ford Garnett, N. H. Fender, Mrs. M. P.
Bennett, MI-s. E. Barnett, Mrs. Nettie
Daniel, Mrs. Mrs. L. A. Herndon, E. R.
Harper, Anna M. Williams, Mrs. W.
H. Miller,Wm. H. Miller, T. L. Chris-
tie, D. E. Griffin, Al Youmans, Thomas
Lester, Mrs. N. H. Fender, W. E. Ba-
ker,.Mrs. J. F. Mahone, Mrs. W. E.
Baker, J. Mahone, Mrs. S. A. White,
Mrs. D. A. Elsenheimer, Mrs. Joe El-
senheimer, Mrs. Joe Elsenheimer, Mrs.
V. Elsenheimer, Mrs. J. C. Smith, Mrs.
A. H. Hunt, Mrs. Charlie Elsenheimer,
H. H. Hollaway, Mrs. E. L. Sharp,
Charlie Elsenheimer, W. L. Brudger,
W. G. Higginbotham, A. H. Hunt, Mrs.
H. H. Hollaway, Mrs. Jas. Booth,
James T. Booth, Mrs. H. L. Saucer,
Mrs. T. K. Willbeit, Mrs. J. B. Kaneas-
ter, J. B. Kaneaster, Mrs. Maybell,
Broward, J. S. Ginger, Sam B. Wilson,
G. L. Durants, Miss Maggie Geiger, A.
Phillips, K.' R. Williams, Mrs. T. A.
Murray, C. Davis, G. R. Brandies, Mrs.
G. R. Brandies, J. C. Clerke, Mrs. J. C.
Clarke, Mrs. A. Heatherington, W. A.
Ford, Mrs. W. A. Ford, Mrs. L. V.
Trowbridge, L. V. Trowbridge, R. J.
LaCoster, Billy Parker, Mrs. Billy
Parker, Mrs. W. C. Krell, C. E. Fisher,
Mrs. A. O. Weeks, Mrs. S. E. Russell,
Mrs. D. E. Russell, Mrs Minnie Dowl-
ing, Mrs. Walker, Mrs. Leah Williams,
Mrs. Spear, Mrs. A. L. Armstrong,
Mrs. J. T. Butler, Mrs. S. J. King, Mrs.
S. J. King, Mrs. G. A. Rushing, Mrs. J.
F. Murphy, Mrs. W. N. Barnes, Mrs. J.
D. Brinson, Mrs. E. L.Ph illips, Mrs.
M. Broward,Mr s. R. E. Williams, Mrs.
J. W. Horton and Mrs. A. L. King.
Which was followed by the news
that the thing had been "pulled off:"
SCHOOL CHILDREN SANG
FOR FRIDAY MUSICAL
Music Lovers Enjoy Open Meeting
and Program Directed by Miss
A song recital was given yesterday'
afternoon .in the auditorium of the
Catholic Club by the Ladies' Friday
Musicale, in which 250 pupils of the
public schools participated, ably di-
rected by Miss Lottie E. Reeves, su-
pervisor of music in the public schools.
The great success of the course of:
music taught in the schools by Miss
Reeves was demonstrated by the chil-
dren yesterday. The Friday Musicale
has been very active in assisting to
give musical instruction in the schools.'
Th; recital was largely attended and
And accompanied by the following
profession of Holy Innocence and de-
vout belief that all these parents and
friends had been fooled and must be
"Believes Signers to the Protest Were
The members of the Ladies' Friday
Musicale were much surprised at the
article which appeared in last night's
Metropolis protesting against the
singing of the public school children in
the auditorium of the Catholic Club,
which is used by the Friday Musicale
for weekly meetings.
The auditorium of the Catholic Club
is a public hall, conveniently located
and otherwise well suited for the
meetings-of this organization and is
leased in semi-annual terms.
SThe signers of this protest were evi-
dently misinformed as to the nature
of the Musicale. 'It is a non-sectarian,
musical organization of about two
hundred and thirty (members. The
membership consists of .ladies of 411al
church denominations,; with probably
a half dozen members belonging to
the Catholic Church.
The object of the organization, as
stated in its by-laws, is to -advance the
interest and promote the culture of
musical art in the city of Jacksonville,
and it will continue to encourage the
children of the public schools in the
PRESIDENT LADIES' FRIDAY MIU-
And the parents and friends afore-
said challenge the Catholic Club to
show down and truly say:
1. Who promoted the Catholic Club
and what was his or her professed or
preferred religion, if not Roman Cath-
olic ? tt
2. Who are the officers in the so-
called Catholic Club, and are any of
these, or all of them Roman Catholic
or Knights of Columbus ?
3. What business have any of these
church clubs to seek to utilize the pub-
lic schools as a part of their training
agencies for demonstrations under the
auspices of societies likely to provoke
anew the delicate questions of the
identity and purposes of the Roman
Catholic Church, always in question,
ever in bad with the liberal people of
America, always professing ,to be mis-
understood, abused, and deprived of its
4. Why should the Catholic Club ask
for privileges over the public schools
that no Protestant organization dares
ask for--what outfit other than Ro-
man Catholic interests ever have ask-
ed for these privileges, or taken such
5. Who dares undertake to surrep-
titiously punish and intimidate chil-
dren in our public schools, save Ro-
man Catholic meddlers, either through
their own membership holding jobs as
teachers or through those who fear or
fawn before Papist influences ?
6. What person, in the name of
Catholic Club or Policeman's Club
dares object to Protestant American
boys and girls refusing to obey in-
structions as those of the foregoing
These and other questions are free-
ly asked on the streets of Jacksonville
today and Nopinions are expressed
that Governor Catts should call a halt
on this thing at once, the opinions
further intimating that our high
school buildings afford ample hall
room for all celebrations enlisting re-
citals by school children and the Cath-
olic Club is out of order by trying to
conscript school children for the man-
ufacture of evidence to clear Popery
of certain past suspicions of impro-
"Who's Your God-Mother?"
As a final proof of the frequent
provocations by Papists which result
in and some think, well justify all as-
perity thus far manifested toward
these nominal Catholic but really veil-
ed Roman Catholic influences, your
correspondent is asked to publish the
following graphic letter from a little,
innocent school girl, named Ruth
League, which speaks for itself:
Teacher of Low First Grade of
Second Ward School, Miss Ruth
Gocier, has asked us children one by
one if we had a God-mother and if so
who were they, and what church did
we go to and what church- did our
father and mother belong to.
The signers of the aforesaid peti-
rtion object strenuously to this sort of
veiled inquisition, and it would seem*
that examples of this kind bring out
all forms of suspicion, criticism and
disapproval upon the heads of insat-
iable zealots of Roman Catholic faith
who are entrusted with jobs as pub-
lic school teachers drawing sustenance '
from our taxes yet undertaking to
proselyte and lead free children into
institutions of pro-papist faith thru
recitals, associations, intimidations
and deceptive leadership. There is
not space enough to publish such news
of this class as is proffered and the
foregoing samples are herewith given
to show the public some of the reasons
for these public agitations that will
neither be cried down, put down nor
coaxed into silence.
RADICAL TAX REFORM
IN NORTH DAKOTA
The passage-by.the State Senate of
North Dakota of a bill to exempt from
taxation improvements on farm lands
is of more than local importance. That
the bill will pass the House also and
become a law seems assured, since the
Farmers Non-partisan League has en-
dorsed the principle embodied in the
measure, and Governor Lynn Frazier
is a member of theLeague, which con-!
trols the House.
The enactment, of this law will put
an end to much of the silly talk that
farmers are opposed to such legisla-
tion. Farmers are as able to see, as
others are, that taxation of labor pro-
ducts is an injustice to both laborer
and consumer. They can furthermore
see that taxation of land values does
not hurt the one who puts land to its
best use, whatever it may do to the
land speculator. -.It is tprthe interest
of farmers,'as it is to all others who
make productive use of land, that land
prices should not be inflated and thus
put land beyond the reach of those
who want to use'it. The more land
values are taxed, the less profitable it
becomes to hold it out of use, and the
easier it gets for willing workers to
obtain it for use. On the other, hand
the more improvements or other la-
bor products are taxed, the more labor
,is discouraged, and the higher the cost
of production rises. ',Consequently the
solution of a pressing economic prob-
lem is to be found in exemption of im-
provements and higher taxation of
land values. The North Dakota farm-
ers realize this and are writing a sound
principle into law.
That the exemption should be limit-
ed to farmers is regrettable, but may
be explained on the ground that the
city dwellers of North Dakota have
not been so quick as the farmers to
note the injustice of a tax system that
levies a fine on industry. The city
dwellers have let themslves be influ-
enced too much by the big dailies con-
trolled by interests which oppose such
reforms as the farmers are now be-
ginning to apply.
As soon as the urban dwellers of
North Dakoto demand for themselves
the tax reform which the farmers are
about to get, it will probably be
GOOD ROADS MEETING APR. 11-12
The Florida Good Roads Association
will hold its annual meeting in Talla-
hassee, April 11 and 12. There will
be an interesting program, which will
include addresses by highway, officials
from various parts of the country as
well as from Florida, says Dr. J. R.
Benton of the University of Florida
college of engineering.
The Florida Good Roads Associa-
tion is the parent organization of all
good roads and highways associations
in Florida. This association is not
committed to advance the interests of
any one route or highway over those
of another, but fosters the improving
of highways anywhere in the State as
a great civic movement of inestimable
benefit to the entire population, but
especially to the farmers.
It was thru the efforts of this asso-
ciation that the present State Road
Department was founded, and that
the State is in position to receive its
share of Federal aid for highway
building, which amounts to $56,000 the
first year and more than $110,000 the
----- i j
WILL URGE LEGISLATURE TO
ABOLISH SYSTEM AND ASKS
SUPPORT OF CIVIC BODIES OF
The Tallahassee. Boosters' Club
has gone on record as being in favor
of abolishing Florida's convict lease
system and will use all its influence
to have the legislature take satis-
factory action in the matter at -the
coming session, so that the state may
use its convicts in the construction
of good 'roads, for the benefit of the
people. Secretary Guiv W. Livings-
ton, of the Chamber of Commerce,.
has received a letter from F., R.
Phillips, secretary of the Tallahassee'
club, enclosing a copy of resolutions .-
recently passed by the club in regard
to the convict lease system. The res-
olutions are as follows:
"WHEREAS, The building of good
roads in Florida should be done as eco-
nomically as possible in the matter of
",HEREAS, The country at large
has come to look upon the convict
lease system with abhorrence, and this
system has been abandoned by all pro-
gressive spates; and-
"WHEREAS, If the convicts were ,
put to work on all of the -roads of
the State of Florida for the next tvo
years many miles of first-class high-
ways would be finished, thus promot-
ing the agricultural and industrial de-
velopment of this state -ii. *he best
possible manner to))ring more taxpay-
ers into the state as permanent resi-
dents, and the resulting benefits would
be valuable, financially and otherwise,
and ultimately bring into the state,"-
treasury a great deal of money, be-
yond the amount ,that could be receiv-
ed from the leasing of the cbnvicts to
private contractors or confining their
labor to the state farm.
Wants Convict Law Changed.
"THEREFORE BE IT RESOiy-
ED, That the Tallahassee Boosters'
club. unanimously endorses the using
of all able-bodied municipal, county
and state prisoners on the roads-:of
the state under the direction of the
Florida State Road Department, not
confining prisoners to' the county
where sentenced; and be ii further
"RESOLVED, That this club will
use its influence with the members, of
the legislature, to have the present
*laws relating to the Jlasing.of convicts
so amended that said prisoners shall
not be leased to private contractors.
And be it further .,
"RESOLVED, That this club recom-
mends that other commercial clubs in
the State of Florida adopt a similar
resolution and exert their influence
to have the convict lease system abol-
ished in Florida, for humane and eco-
nomic reasons; and that the secretary
be and is hereb- instructed to send
printed copies of this resolution to
the boards of county commissioners of
each county in Florida, to commercial
clubs, to the members of the board of
state institutions, and members of
the legislature of 1917."
The United States government is'in
great need of mechanics and helpers,
and the Civil Service commission is
advertising extensively and soliciting
the co-operation of postmasters and
other government officials in securing
Among those who are wanted are
machinists, toolmakers, instrument
makers, molders, blacksmiths, engi-
neers, inspectors, pattern makers,
foremen, electricians, boiler makers,
skilled helpers etc.
The prices paid are equal to those
paid by the best shops.
No educational examination is re-'
quired, but applicants will be rated
upon the evidence of their experience
and physical ability.
Applicants in ihis section should ap-
ply for application form to the Board
of Examiners at the Ordnance Estab-
lishment or Labor Board at tle Navy
Yard at which employment is desired,
or to the Civil service commission,
Washington, D. C., or to the Secretary
of the Civil Service Board at Atlanta,
In the event of war with Germany
men of the above professions will be
greatly in demand, and it is probable
that anticipation of war is spurring
the government to greater activity in
getting all its plants thoroughly
To Kill Rats and Mi
rtfl~fc ^,ALWAYS USZ
U. S. Government Buys It
SCID KVfymssRYWU 2'55 idft
F~C-e~,ld~alB~"~ran~lx--~-msa~Dlss.slc ~- ~m~---m~pl(ii~pjlpp~s~rarr~-ll~~lla I~
EXPERT FRENCH DRY AND
Five Years in Business-
THE VALET SYSTEM
109 W. Adams St.
Phone 1112 Rooms 18, 19, 20
Practice in All Courts
136 E. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.
Illvaa lat (o.
145 Broad Street
Phone Auto M-7533
If you need a New Hat, and
can't afford it
SEND US YOUR OLD ONE
Panama, Felt and Straw
Hats Cleaned, Repair-
ed and Blocked
ALL WORK GUARANTEED
A trial is all we ask. Our work
talks for itself. Out-of-town
orders a specialty
-- -------- -
USE SOUTH AFRICAN WONDER FOR
A Full Head of Healthy, Long, Silky, Fluffy Hair
FOR DANDRUFF, FALLING HAIR, BALDNESS, ITCHING SCALP,
ECZEMA OR ANY SKIN DISEASE IT HAS NO
EQUAL. WE CAN PROVE IT
Price 50c and $1.00. Money back if U R dissatisfied. At
drug stores or by mail on receipt of price
Made only by
SOUTH AFRICAN WONDER CO.
E. C. BROWARD, President and General Manager.
--- ----- -------- --
~pl3~I~C~-"W-~LI II __ ~_I~
~alll L~ ~I~L~P~Pr--~I*I~YI~ -BIL~ ~I
- I'- -L.- ~ _L I sL--mOe~-u~a. ~II1 ldl ~- --- -CI-. I
THE FREE PRESS, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1917
of life and is a smug. respected citizen
in another. She thought of going to
the police and exposing him. If she
did he would only bring about her un-
doing, for Zulph had it'in his power to
blast her whole life. And she had tried
to live down what she had done years
ago. Well, she was weak. She knew
it. She took the will to ailing Thomas
"A pen and ink," he said when he
saw it. "Quick! My heart-1I do not
believe I will live much longer. Call
Frederick!" Jane summoned Freder-
ick, the butler, and then delivered the
pen and ink. As she reached the door
of the room she turned and saw Clarke
writing. He was signing the will. She
hurried to the telephone.
Zulph at a meeting of the most ras-
cally band of brainy criminals the
world ever saw received her message
and smilingly delivered it to The Great
Master. This individual, keen eyed,
alert, well groomed, bore all the out-
,ward marks of a prosperous business
man. For years he had directed the
operations of The Secret Seven, a band
that garnered gold from every avenue
high balls in the afternoon."
The difference between the tea and
"A little whisky, please," is the dif-
ference between success and failure in
"He used to be a great ball player."
"He used to have everybody's re-
"He used to run everything."
It is WHISKEY, the poison destroy-
ing will and power, that makes the
man who CAN into the man who US-
ED TO BE.
The world is coming to know whis-
key for what it really is--a monster
that always works for ruin and mis-
Effective March 1st, 1917, the Jacksonville Ferry and Land Com-
pany announces to the public a second reductionin ferry rates, as
shown in the schedule below.
It is the desire of the Company to give satisfactory service in
every respect, and further reductions will be made just as fast a
continued good service and the growth of our business will justify.
Thank God, its doom has been seal-
ed in this nation.
MUCH WORK AHEAD
FOR THE LAWMAKERS
(Continued from first page)
the license tax on registered physi-
Law calling for guaranteed bank
Law placing all ablebodied convicts
at work on public highways and inva-
lids on state prison farmn.
Law providing for longer school
Bad check law.
Single Trip Round Trip Commutation
s . . .05 40 Trips for $1.00
es (including rider)...... .10 .15 20 Trips for $1.00
Bnggy (including driver) .15 .20 '. 50 Trips for $4.25
bms (including driver). .. .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
ams (including driver)... .20 o .25 50 Trips for $5.00
Autos (including driver). .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
utos (including driver)... .20 .25 50 Trips for $5.00
-Up to and including 1 ton .15 .20 50 Trips for $4.25
-Up to and including 2 tons .20 .25 50 Trips for $5.00
Jacksonville Ferry & Land Company
By J. N. COOK, Manager
A SHOVEL AGAINST A PISTOL.
Meantime Frederick, the butler, was
hastening to Beverly Clarke's home
on the outskirts of the city with the
note that meant millions to her. And
trailing the unsuspecting servant was
a band of the most villainous thugs
in New York. They were led by two
gun men who had taken a postgraduate
course in the College of Crime and
who were familiarly known as The
Rat and The Spider. When Frederick
entered the Clarke home the two lead-
ers posted their men around it.
"Let's phone the Big Chief," sug-
gested The Rat.
They did. The Great Master receiv-
ei tleir message and swore a-loud at
"What was it?" the physician asked.
"It was a report from The Spider,"
he replied. "You yourself should have
put Clarke out of the way. He has
sent for Beverly. It is plain .to me
that when Jane Warren thought he
was signing that will he was writing
a note to Beverly Clarke."
"What of our two squads?", asked
Zulph in alarm.
"They will kidnap the girl," replied
the leader, now regaining control of
himself and smoothing his closely crop-
ped mustache with his long, wiry fin-
gers. "Now let's proceed with the reg-
I And so while the:reports were being
heard William Montgomery Strong,
handsome, stylish, wealthy, was driv-
ing his tandem on the outskirts of the
city straight into one of the greatest
secrets of The Secret Seven.
Strong was a youth who had lived
for innocent pleasure and let the rest
of the world take care of itself. On
this particular day the sun caressed
him from a cloudless sky, and the
great out of doors sang nature's sweet-
est song to him. Straightway he be-
came a child of the singer. Turning
the reins over to his flunky, he told
him to drive black to the club, while he
set out for a cross 'country run.
He had covered half a mile when a
flash of something strange caused him
to halt abruptly. He saw three men
dart'from a roadway in-co a stretch of
woods, and he was sure that he
glimpsed a woman's skirt between
them. Inclination told him to mind
his own business, but instinct said that
something was wrong. HIe gazed in-
tently toward the woods, every sense
alert; uitil ie heard a muffled cry of
He ran toward a ramshackle house
in the woods and" tried the door. It
yielded. Ho stepped inside to find The
Spider, The Rat and a third gangster
holding Beverly Clarke.
Strong felt that he was one good
man against three. Out shot his right ,
and down fell one man. Next The Rat
crumpled up under a -blow from his
left, and he gathered The Spider in
his arms and tossed him through a
window. Then he turned to the hys-
cure such a symptom in you, my good
Woman. Understand right now that
you must obey my orders implicitly.
If you do not"-
"You will expose something in my
life I have been trying to hide," in,
terrupted Jane in a weary, faraway
tone-"you and your Great Master
and your Secret Seven." Zulph re-
coiled in amazement.
"The less you say about the Great
Master and The Secret Seven the bet-
ter off you will be," he thundered.
"'Why shouldn't I speak of them to
you?" replied Ja-ie. "Haven't I been
in Mr. Clarke's home for years?
Haven't I seen you and the other vile
members of your organization come
.and gop? Don't I keow that Mr. Clarke
is one of the brainiest of The Secret
Seven; that most of his money was
piled up through crime"-
"Ah," broke -i, Dr. Zulph, smiling
outwardly, but raging inwardly, and
resolvinglht -Jant Warren should fol-
low 'Clarke on a journey to eternity.
"You know Clarke for what he really
is. He is now a very sick man."
"Yes," said Jane, "he is a sick man,
and you are a physician attending him.
Heaven help Thomas Clarke:"
"And heaven help Jane Warren,"
whispered Zulph, his face close to hers.
"Heaven help Jane Warren if she
doesn't do as I say. I have brought
a will here with me. I want you to
see that Thomas Clarke signs it. Since
you know so much about his affairs
you probably knhw-sick men always
tell their troubles--that, by grace of
what The Secret Seven has done for
him, he has pledged himself to leave
all of his wealth to The Secret Seven."
"I do," said Jane. "'Better far if he
would leave his money to poor Bev-
erly Clarke, his niece, whose father-
his, own brother-he swindled. And
the girl is now living in poverty with
"Thomas Clarke is going to keep his
promise,"- sneered Zulph, fumbling in
his pockets and finally drawing forth
*a small bottle filled with a dark liquid.
"He will keep his promise-and hbe dies
today. Jane, you have one of twn
things to do-either obey me and you
will be rewarded handsomely, or re-
fuse to obey and be punished. Refusal
means ruin; obedience means opulence.
I want you, as soon as I have depart-
ed, to see that Mr. Clarke signs his
will; Then offer a toast to his health.
"In one of your glasses of wine place
two drops from this bottle. One drop
produces a prolonged sleep; two drops
kill. Let him drink of the glass with
two drops in it. I am going to a meet-
Ing of The Secret Seven. You have
my telephone number. As soon as
Thomas Clarke haits signed the will tel-
ephone me. Then when he is dead-
poor man-telephone again."
Let alone, Jane pondered over her
frightful plight. Zulph was a power-
ful man in New York. He was of that
modern Jekyll and Hyde type that
grasps money and crushes all opposi-
tion by fair meahs o foul in one phase
*NO.THANKS; A STRAWRIDE ALWAYs SEEM
A,SILLY STUNT To ME-;
I'D RATHER TAKE A PLEASANT WvALK.
'THE COUNTRYSIDE To S.EE."
7THI5 IS THE: PROPER E R)c -Cl-5E
IT MAke5s YOU FEE-.So F=s(e
I'LL HI-AVE A S PL-EDto.APPE.TnE.
AROuND THE. TIME-1-o DINE "
A PARTNER IN CRIME
ods or reasons of his crime.
Since he had once been incarcerated
in an insane asylum because of booze
insanity, it is reasonable to suppose
that he would have been sent back to
a mad-house as punishment for the
double murder. He was "crazy" when
he committed the crime just as all men
who'commit crime under the influence
of liquor are "crazy."
"And somewhere is the man who
"made money" out of the liquor he
bought. Somewhere there is a man
who is manufacturing the stuff that
set his brain a-fire. Somewhere there
is a family buying the luxuries of
life with money that was made from
the sale of poison that converts a man
into a maniac or a beastial biped, ac-
cording to the way his nerves, and
brain are affected by alcohol.
And the "Greatest Nation in the
Warld"-these United States of Amer-
ica-is in partnership with the manu-
facturers of liquor. It gives men li-
cense, to manufacture and sell stuff
that manufactures criminals and car-
ries disease and grief and death into
the homes of its people!
'Crazy drunk" by the grace of his
FOUR SAD WORDS
"I USED TO BE"
A good lesson for men, young and
old, is in the words-"I used to be."
A million, men wil say "I used to be"
and tell what they were or what they
did in other days. And when the us-
ual "hospitable" question follows, the
man who says "I used to be" says al-
best officers." And there again whis-
ky causes the "Used to be."
Despite the fact that the cause of
Temperance is now "on the victory
side," yet there are a few things still
happening as the result of drink
which serve to -shock the sensibili-
bies of all right thinking people, and
it is well to call attention to them
7rom tinie to time in the public press.
It is to be truly hoped that the time
s near at hand when stories like the
-ollowing will not be obtainable from
But the chief point in the following
,tory is the fact that it shows that the
government is a real partner in the
crime. From a legal and economical
point of view that is the greatest
Ihing against the whole liquor busi-
iess. And it is because of this and
o accentuate that fact that this
,tory is given room in this connec-
,ion. Read it and then see how
proud you are of the nation to which
you owe your allegiance:
"Crazy drunk," a man in Atlanta r
lay or two ago killed his wife's moth
.r, seriously- wounded his sister, anC
killed a greatly beloved preacher who
rushed into the house at the sound of
the shots and the screams of the man's
"Crazy drunk," the dispatches say,
ind if he had lived to be sober again
is befuddled brain would have proba-
bly been unable to picture the meth-
You will see a man, young
powerful, pointed out as one
USED to be a crack polo player.
The "used to be," so often heard
among polo men, is due to the fact
that some of the best polo players, as
the Englishman truly said, "Did not
see the difference between tea and
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KILLS THE GERM
CURES THE DISEASE
"Run!" he urged. "Follow me!" She
did. They fled to the woods. In the
distance they saw an abandoned barn.
They made for it, entered and barred
the door. The three kidnappers, now
rp-onfort-r/TrQl liv thp oM nfilrv h^*tlM n. ^-,1 -
-u .i......u u.e e ntiIre bauli, sur- "A LITTLE WHISKEY, PLEASE."
rounded it. Unable to batter their way "I used to be" and "A little whiskey,
in, they put dynamite under the struck used to be and A ttle whsk
ture and scurried for safety. Strong please," are brother and sister. Where
saw the smoke from the sputtering you hear one you hear the other. 4
fuse. Lifting the girl in his arms, he And the "I used to be" man, who is
swung her through the window, and now the "A little whisky, please,"
both reached the shelter of a huge tree man, ii e very age, every condition,
just as a tremendous explosion took every kind.
place.You will hear one man say, '"I used
The gangsters came forward and dug o he b e' d i
through the wreckage, expecting to to be the biggest depositor in that
find two bodies. Soon. they realized bank," and another will say, "I used
that their victim and her rescuer had to make twenty dollars a week."
escaped, and they began another hunt They were far apart in their suc-
through the woods. One of them, pis- cess, the man with millions and the
tol in hand, ran full upon Strong and man happy because he made twenty
the girl. The clubman disarmed him dollars a week.
and, seeing the other gangsters ap- oBUT THEr Y ARE CLOSE TO-
proaching, called to her to- flee. AsGT THEY ARE CLOSE TO-
she ran toward a roadway The Rat GETHER IN THEIR FAILURE.
scampered after her. "A little whisky, please, said too of-
"Now," yelled Strong, "it's a bunch ten and drank too often brings togeth-
against one! And I've got the drop er men very far apart.
on you. What are you going to do yor the Y 1 w
about It?" (End Chapter I.) hear it said, Ile used to be one of the
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The Great Secret
Novelized From the Metro Wonderplay
Serial of the Same Name, in Which
Francis X. Bushman and Beverly
Bayne Are Co-Stars.
BY J. M. LOUGHBOROUGH..
Apthor of the Novelization of Clyde
Fitch's play, "Her Sister," "His Back-
a d'or Romance," and other short stories.
THE SECRET SEVEN.
"Good morning, Jane. How is the
Jane Warren, the middle aged, care-
worn housekeeper for Multimillionaire
Thomas Clarke, trembled at the ques-
tion. Giving way to a sudden burst of
emotion, she clinched her fists and
glared reproachfully at Dr. Zulph.
"You ought to know. You are the
physician," she exclaimed.
"Come, come," said Zulph, gazing
coldly yet earnestly at her with his
fishy eyes, "no anger. I know how to
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