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Preceded by:
Orange and blue
Succeeded by:
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Full Text
*A$ jAtiuijaM.

Special Seventies Edition

approaching the
' ' / ~ : :; h s
' II him tint
. a decisive

Florida Alligator


University of Florida, Gainesville

Wednesday, January 14, 1970


Page 2

(EDITORS NOTE: Staff Writer John
Sugg has been an activist in various
phases of the human rights and antiwar
movements since 1963. Formerly an
SDS leader and on the field staff of
SSOC, Sugg is now a local officer of the
Student Mobilization Committee and an
alternate National Committee member
of Young Socialist Alliance. This story
can best be described as remembrances
of a participant.)
Alligator Staff Write*
The past decade has seen an
explosion of youth seeking, to assert
itself unparalleled in recent times.
From the civil rights sit-ins that
ignited the decade, to the early antiwar
activism, to the concept of Black Power
and the growth of Black nationalist
consciousness, to the cultural
revolution, to the rise and decline of
SDS, to the renewed growth of mass ..
opposition to a war and the system that
perpetrated war, to the formation of
serious revolutionary groups that seek
to establish a new order and a better
mankind this is but part of the great
youth movement of the 19605.
Nor was the youth movement
confined to America. Students led
movements for social change in Latin
America, Africa, Eastern Europe, Japan,
China and, perhaps most dramatically,
in France during May and June, 1968.
This decades movement for Black
Liberation began with an event that
occurred on Feb. 1, 1960, in
Greensboro, N.C. That was the day
when four black freshmen from North
Carolina A&T College conducted a sit-in
at a Woolwo.ths lunch counter.
This action started a veritable tidal
wave of sit-ins across the South against
racial discrimination. Within a year, over
50,000 people had participated in
demonstrations in more than 100 cities..
The next stage of this movement,
v inspired by the student protests, was
voter registration drives in such places as
Selma, Ala., and Albany, Ga., and the
civil rights movement culminated in the
August, 1964 March on Washington of
250,000 people.
The movement moved through the
Lowndes County Freedom
Organization, an attempt to achieve
Black political power in Alabama, and
to the era of the great urban rebellions,
begun in Watts on Aug. 11,1965 ~.^...
After this the first
Black Power were
groups of Black
organize themselves.
understanding of the
early led to such
students at Howard
General Hersey off 000^ 'or whe|||
Black student in tts||
Houston on J||
police attack of a
Black militant: appear^
in the early Deacoi^|
in Black|
moveiiiss|srerhaps this will b£^|s||| ;
stage in tftfe Black liberation
Closely related to the Black
are the struggles of other nati6s||
minorities. The Chic an o$
(Mexican-American) movement is
rapidly growing among the nations
second largest minority group. One
manifestation of this movement is the
famous grape strike and boycott
organized by Caesar Chavezs migrant
laborers union.
Young Native Americans (Indians)
have begun to organize a movement of
red power. This was dramatically
brought to America's attention by the
recent seizure of Alcatraz by Native

Activism Theme Os 60s Students

X : ... ki-;JjH

Americans who claim the island is now
the property of their nation by virtue of
treaty agreements.
Many of the youth who participated
in the civil rights movement also were in
the early stages of the protest against
the Vietnam war.
The Free Speech Movement led by
Mario Savio at Berkeley began an era of
mass student radicaHzation.
Students for a Democratic Society
(SDS), a coalition of leftist youth who
were alienated from the old left by
the revelations of Stalins
the invasion of Hungary,
Port Huron in 1961.
Women in the
alienated by the
relegated to .the tasks as
women in the
.and womeiftig
its first grgss?§ipn J
campuses during
in Washingtbn 'w^6^|
movement had to
without SDS after
when SDS decided that,
if they would be caught
in Hence, the misleading
position led them to
antiwar coalitions.
During 1967, 100,000
people the Pentagon.
.... To the police
ended th.^,,... ;
of protest. jUJ
the war escalated,
our countrys
we saw the
candidates in
seemed more at odds|^|^|^ v
g|fs|sisability of this war
HIHSn with the nature of of
.. angf
Kennedys life,
ended by a bullet.
The McCarthy kids saw their
aspirations crushed by the bureaucratic
of the Democratic Party.
also had their hesssJ
; jreports t called
state. I
The Chicago, IsH§
being felt in the political idA pf the
Conspiracy Eight, alleged
the riots.
The revolt on the
its peak during 1968.
was led by an kid
from New Jersey, San

Francisco State saw the nations longest
strike of Blacks, white students and
Literally hundreds of campuses
went out. >
The demands were: End Racial
Oppression! End the War!
Liberation of Women !-
Self-Determination for Third World
The antiwar movement renewed its
mass action perspective early in 1969
when the Student Mobilization
Committee (SMC) called regional
End the War Now!
sie Gls Home Now! on
the largest antiwar
date as the U. S.
war the systematic
? continued, and
the more and
more|^^p|:^b^^|i^^^ v pf the war
15 an
ffss|piated ? sss§§!§:
with ;^^||^|p|||^,; epi(bots
/ :00g00$jLchin%
for any of tmttS^Si^ent
ispf Wi&SK
fUpftiso, during the the
|plecade, the more
sought of
SDS o r with
than SDS.
youth movement of
tmmte was muc h less political but
ssss|s|reat social impact. It is the
revolution, the hippie
the drug movement,
in Haight-Ashbury,
Village and other urban
&issN* ers mov n 8 into rural communes,
movement based its philosophy on
: expanding power of drugs and
found as heroes Ginsburg, Abbie
g|Ppjf|ian, Jerry Rubin, The Beatles, the
illSiP* 1 Stones, Timothy Leary et al.
g|its culture was reflected in the pages
g||sf the underground press: Berkeley
ifF&arb, L. A. Free Press, East Village
Other and even the almost forgotten
The modes of this culture are now
found in the universally accepted styles
of dress. Drugs are now common.
While diffused, this great social
movement of youth has had profound
effects that will long be felt.
These and other movements
the youth movement of the

19605. What will be their effect? Is
there growing reaction? What are future
While opposition to all the above
movements has evolved, it has yet to
anywhere equal in size or scope the
youth revolution.
Surveys show a majority of new
freshmen more or less unsympathetic to
campus leftists and hippies.
What is probably more significant
than freshman opinion is the opinions
of those who have been through it all
and are somewhat more independent in
their thoughts, the current class of
A nationwide Harris poll showed that
51 per cent of graduating seniors feel
positive results will result from the
campus struggles.
The potential for student activism,
Harris said, has not begun to be
tapped. It is likely to accelerate rather
than decline.
Harris said that during 1969-1970,72
per cent of the current seniors would be
willing to demonstrate.
UF has been notorious for its
political lethargy until this fall when
3,000 people participated in the
Moratorium and now even Student
Government is proclaiming student
The hippies moved in behind the
Waffle Shop in the early 19605.
Demonstrators forced the integration of
the Campus Inn. The Pub flourished
where Anthonys now does.
Pamme Brewer was expelled for
posing nude for an off-campus
magazine. Tigert was occupied during
Pammes hearing.
The Charlatan thrived, The Crocodile
was bom and Alligator editors were
Alan Levin and Lucieii Cross
published Political Meddling and the
Florida Board of Regents and tables
bearing literature sprung up in front of
the library.
The administration was shocked by
this unseemly behavior and Levin and
% Cross were _put on permanent
probation for the crime
ffs£f not showing up at an appointment
:fff£>ith a dean. '
JffffLevin goes to Cuba. SDS goes to
fs|jpS-SSOC to SSOC and back to SDS,
how to RYM 11. The Florida Socialist
Union and Jim Fine challenges Levin.
The Dow Demonstration and Ed
Freeman becomes the radical leader.
Marshall Doc Jones is denied
tenure (He was denied nothing he was
legally entitled to, said President
Stephen C. OConnell.) Ken Megill was
threatened by a state senator for daring
to suggest people should control their
own lives.
SSOC was denied recognition for
having something to do with violence.
New organizations appear Womens
Liberation challenges male chauvinism.
SMC builds mass antiwar actions. YSA
seeks a socialist America.
Out in the Plaza, the freaks, lefties
etc. still congregate.
Certainly the next 10 years will see
changes in society and in the youth
movement it produces. v
The cultural revolution will have deep
felt effects but, as is already evident in
the media and advertising, it is nothing
that cant be contained in the current
system. It is, however, a sure barometer
of youths disaffection with the system,
the establishment.
The political movement will never
return to the freewheeling days of the
old SDS. But as the war continues, the
economy declines, the national
oppression of Black and Brown people
and of women continues and intensifies,
a deepening radicalizatiOn will take
The next decade will see the
historical events only vaguely dreamed
, 0f in the 19605.

Flexibility Keys
Academics In
* .... v
The Seventies

Alligator Features Editor
Alligator Staff Writar
Rigidity is out and flexibility
is the key word for education in
the 19705. The ridid plaster
walls that have separated
department from department,
students from faculty, and the
university from the outside, will
become transparent and
Although opinions differ,
often sharply, on how flexibility
can best be achieved, some
major trends seem to be
emerging for the UF student in
this decade that will loosen
bureaucratic boundries between
university organizations.
One of these is the
interdisciplinary idea, a term
that has become common
whenever educators and
administrators speak of the
future. It means all departments
will contribute faculty and
resources to form new areas of
study. Examples already on the
UF campus include The Institute
of Urban Studies, Latin
American Studies, Biochemistry
and Bio-Physics.
UF Executive Vice President
Harry H. Sisler, formerly Dean
of the College of Arts and
Sciences, urged his faculty to
consider more such programs.
The question Sisler sees facing in
the future is as human,
knowledge increases and society
changes will UF be able to
respond to educational needs on
a flexible basis?**
UF students can look forward
to a greater part of their learning
experience outside the confines
of the university. UF educator
Sol Kimbal sees the internship
program where students get
practical experience on a regular
basis, extending into all
segments of the University on a
broader scale.
Kimbal, who is chairman of
UF's Goals Committee, a
committee required of every
university by the Southern
Association of Schools and
Hi-// ih
;; : AH
.. more reform

Colleges to study its direction
every ten years, said one future
example might be architecture
students who would study at the
great centers of Europe.
He sees world-wide field
stations as a logical extension of
the interdisciplinary studies idea
at UF. Environmental field
stations would house faculty and
students from a wide range of
disciplines. It would contain
elements of (volunteer social
services). The main purpose
would be the exchange of ideas
and the perspective of different
cultures, Kimbal said.
Within three years we will
probably have a multi-field
program in the Caribbean area
and in one large American city,*'
More use of a work-study
program was also predicted by
UF educators.
A program now used at
Florida Presbyterian College
requires that students live in a
community and work in their
fields between the spring and fall
Likewise, we' will have
pressure from the Board of
Regents to do more with our
summers than we are recently
doing," FPC Assistant Dean for
Academic Affairs Ernest St.
Jacques said.
He would not predict whether
the summer session would be
made longer due to a change
from the quarter system but said
if there is going to be a change,
it will come within the next two
More student involvement
with a community is viewed
with reservations by some
educators who fear it would
divert the student from his
scholarly goals. One of these is
Roy Lassiter, UF dean of
The major role of a
university is to prepare a student
for a society 15 to 20 years from
now. This means we should
concentrate on concepts, and
not just nitty gritty problems,
he said.
Earlier practical experience
for the student means he will
have to specialize sooner, a trend
most UF educators see for this
decade. Presently UF students
take general education courses in
the first two years, and
specialize, for the most part, in
upper division.
Dr. Emmet L. Williams,
Associate Professor and
Assistant Dean of the College of
Education, sees specialization
beginning as soon as a student
entered college or even earlier, at
16 or 17.
I know this is an unpopular
trend," says the educator who
claims many of his views differ
from the majority of his
colleagues, but unless
specialization occurs earlier, a
Student will be an apprenticed

. Za
Jt .rsr-^l
i a- 8 1
BJkm? 5. 1 BvJMPHTa 111 m w
"Hf rf rrfT H 1 I

in his field until he is 40 years
old before he graduates, the
demands of technology are so
The future of general
education at the UF is a
controversial subject among
faculty and administrators.
General education at UF is
represented by the
comprehensive courses required
of students in their first two
years. They encompass the seven
broad disciplines ranging from
biology and logic to English and
the humanities.
The whole concept of
general education is up for a
major overhaul," Williams said.
The general type course should
not be taken before a student
specializes in an area and pursues
it in-depth, Williams said.
Otherwise, the student gleans
only a superficial understanding
of the principles involved in a
general course, he said.
The father of Floridas junior
colleges and Director of the
Institute of Higher Education,
James L. Wattenbarger, however,
says general education courses
should be concentrated in the
first two years.
Its impractical to set up
general requirements at one
school for four years since most
of the students are not attending
one university for four years
continually. In 20 or 30 years
everyone will go to a two year
junior college first, or attend a
small four year school within the
structure of the university,"
Wattenbaiger said.
One possible solution to the
general education dilemma is an
experimental four year liberal
arts college that was researched
during the summer under the
chairmanship of Sol Kimbal. In
this college everyone would
proceed at their own speed*
At this point were making
up our minds to go either to a
four year liberal arts college, or
some kind of expanded
University College," St. Jacques
There is a good possibility"
that the College of Arts and
Sciences will expand into four
divisions with a provost at the
top, according to Sisler.
Sisler sees the role of Arts and
Sciences becoming more
important as more professional
colleges and specialized areas are
It can be a (dace where we
can have scholarship and
knowledge for its own sake, and
by its detachment from any one
profession it can best serve all
the other colleges in its
research," Sisler said.
Two year colleges may
become an economic necessity,
and the UF may become an
upper division and graduate
school only. The state of Florida
graduates 65,000 high school
seniors each year, and 80 pet



cent of those who go to college
attend a junior college first.
In addition, while the other
divisions of UF have expanded
and will continue to grow, the
freshman enrollment has been
limited to 2,800 for the last five
Sure were under pressure to
become a two year school,"
Frederick Conner, vice president
of academic affairs, said. He is
opposed to the idea, and said it
has failed in a great many
places." He said it is hard to
recruit faculty to these colleges.
Lassiter also admitted
pressure from legislators who
would not like us to have
freshmen and sophomores but 1
think we should have a school
where the upper 10 or 20 per
cent can compete with their
Kimbal said he has observed
an emptiness in two year
schools. The undergraduates
contribute zest and
importance" to a school and add
directly to the graduate program
by being practice populations
for surveys and teaching
experience he said. He also feels
the graduate program likewise
adds richness" to the academic
To eliminate this vast range
of extra curricular activity for
undergraduates would be to
remove the basic part of
education, the graduate
research professor in
anthropology said.
Whether or not UF losses its
upper division, there is one thing
most agree on for the future:
there will be emphasis on the
graduate program, it will
probably double in the next ten
years, Kimbal said.
The need is so great for
people trained in various
professions, that it will force
support for its expansion,
Kimbal said.
The Florida world is going
to demand from UF that it make
the kind of contribution it only
can make as it develops and
grows. We could become the
leaders in the Southeast,"
Kimbal said.
The UF will become
preeminent as a research center,
Wattenbarger predicted.
Meanwhile, there will be less
and less Ph.D. candidates who
do not know how to teach and
UF students can expect more
emphasis on the quality of
teaching, he said.
Student evaluations will have
a factor not only in the
promotion, but also the tenure
of faculty members.
Were making an effort to
raise the quality of teaching, by
insisting on terminal degrees and
published research, and also by
broadening the Faculty
Development Program, Lassiter
said. T)ie development program
alldwi professors a full years

absence with half pay to do
independent work, or broaden
his background in his field.
Teachers will face evaluation
from peers, students and
committees, Lassiter said.
Some teachers will cry
academic freedom, but academic
freedom never meant that one is
allowed to be poor and
mediocre," he said.
A proposal now before the
Board of Regents allows teacher
evaluation by students and
alumni to be a factor in teacher
promotion, with alumni
opinion perhaps getting more
consideration," Lassiter said.
The Southern Association of
Schools and Colleges reassured
the UF to give some attention to
the teaching role of the Ph.D.
candidate. Up until now there
was no teacher training written
into UF doctoral requirements.
This step might encourage all
candidates to get some teaching
experience, if only teaching
some just how to get up and talk
in front ? of -a clast,*
Wattenbarger said. ..
While Wattenbarger aTso felt
students would play an
important part" in promotion
and tenure, he said other factors,
like the research function of a
professor, or a well known name
to draw high caliber" faculty
and students, would still be
considered. Einstein for
example, was a terrible teacher,
but sometime these professors
get along better with individual
students than others," he said.
Professional teacher
education is becoming more
There will be a rigorous and
comprehensive" analysis of the
teaching-learning process. Future
teacher training will merge
theory and practice through
simulated and situated teaching
in the classroom. Materials that
will be used in the classroom
include video tapes, role playing,
most of the newer media aids,
immediate feedback" devices
like programmed teaching and
the application of computer
(SEE # UF' PAGE 5)
W B nkk
O .n:;i ib A A lead UF

Page 3

I The
I Florida
I Alligator

Two decades ago the price of viewing a football
game was nominal. Last year tickets to UF football
games sold for s6next year they will sell for $7.
If this trend continues at its present rate,
collegiate athletics in the 70s will face a potentially
devestating financial crisis.
Since the financial backbone of college athletics
evolves around the institution's football program
(football provides monies to operate minor sports
and intramural programs) it becomes necessary that
the football program operate at a comfortable
This, however, has not been the case.
With a number of universities and colleges
publicly displaying their bookkeeping records,
reports have shown that while football continues to
be the biggest money-maker the expenses of it and
the sports it is subsidizing are also soaring.
If this continues, non-athletic funds must be
called upon for support. And with education
requirements rising as well as the need for more
classrooms, instructors and equipment it seems
unlikely that such funds would be provided.
To compensate for this drain on finances, colleges
including the UF have begun re-evaluating their
present programs and proposing alternatives to
alleviate this situation.

Sports Program To Grow During '7os

Alligator Writer
Where will the future of
athletics lead the University of
Florida in the 19705? One
Florida coach said he only sees
a bright future ahead for the
But the bright future of the
70s athletic program seems to
hinge on the individual
popularity and spectator interest
of the various sports.
What will determine the
popularity and spectator
interests will be factors of
national scheduling, new
innovations, the new breed of
coaches and their personal
New facilities, greater
recruitment of black athletes,
the university's promotion of
the entire sports program and
the introduction of
intercollegiate women's teams
also will determine the success
of athletics at the UF in the
The proposed $17.5 million
University Activities Center will
play an enormous part in the
growth of basketball, swimming,
track, wrestling and in the entire
over-all athletic program
popularity-wise and spectator
Particularly in the basketball
program where the Gators now
must play in antiquated Florida
Gym, which only 3,800
It is now operating at
minimum efficiency and holding
capacity and was almost
condemed by state fire marshalls
until all fire exits and
emergency power lights and
power units were installed to
meet fire safety regulations.
Where will this leave UF's
basketball program in the early
Head Basketball Coach
Tommy Bartlett said until the
new proposed University
Activities Center can be built the
basketball program will be hurt
in recruiting and scheduling


Athletics Enter Decade Os Crisis

because of the poor facilities at
Florida Gym.
As far as basketball at the
UF in the future is concerned it
looks real good, Bartlett said,
in fact it looks better for the
future then it does for the
present. This is because we need
a big colisieum or field house
like the planned activities center
to attract the top players in
Florida and the nation.
Bartlett said the need for top
players was because of the tough
schedule the UF plans to play in
the near future. This year alone
the Gators face Louisville and
West Virginia on the national
level and Kentucky, Tennessee,
Georgia and LSU in the
Southeastern Conference. And
plans for scheduling in the 70s
will see the Gators playing more
and bigger national powers.
But until the UF has its own
15,000 seat field house it cant
hoped to draw the bigger and
well-known basketball schools to
Bartlett pointed out that
student support of the team was
good, but the Gators do not
make money because the adult
following cant possibly get into
Florida Gym. He said students
get first crack at the seats and if
any are left than the adults can
get a ticket.
The major drawback is our
student body is the biggest
support we have and once they
graduate they can't come back
to see our games with the way
things are at Florida Gym,
Bartlett said. And without an
adult following we won't be able
to fill up a coliseum.
Without the proposed center
the basketball program under
the present conditions will never
be self-supporting. But with a
center it is felt by most Florida
athletic leaders that basketball
could become self-supporting.
If and when the activities
center is built it will also aid the
swimming and wrestling
programs. Especially the
swimming program where the
swimming team has to practice

y Sports Editor |
| ""jr- |
Changes that could very well be in store at the
UF for the 70s might include:
The addition of an 11th football game to
provide additional revenue.
(Since most schools operate with an open date on
their schedule it would be possible to add a game
without lengthening the season.
However, opposition to this has been raised
primarily by coaches who contend that it is hard
enough to get a team up for 10 games let alone 11.
Also, it is impossible for some schools to fit an
eleventh game into their schedule. Ohio State,
because of a trimester system and exams can only
operate with a nine game schedule.)
Another solution has been a regression to
one-platoon play. This would provide a reduction in
football squads, which in turn provides less travel
expenses and a cut in the number of scholarships

w M
had seating cut to 5,100

and hold their meets at
out-dated Florida Pool.
The swimming team has had
good crowds in the past for the
top meets but once again suffers
from getting better attendance
support year round because of
poor facilities.
Track Coach Jimmy Carnes
said when the Activities Center
is built Florida will then be in a
position to hold national and
regional indoor track meets here
in Gainesville and gain revenue
from the ticket sales to pay for
the track program.
Wrestling Coach Keith
Tennant said the proposed
activities center will help his
wrestling program a great deal
because wrestling at the UF will

\ f Special Seventies Edition. Wednesday, January 1.4,1970

Page 4

be starting to reach a peak in
popularity about the time the
center is completed. Although
the completion date now is still
unknown because plans for the
project are not completed.
Also in the area of facilities is
the planned lighting of Florida's
baseball diamond within a one
to two year period.
Baseball Coach Dave Fuller
attendance is something
hurt because the Gators have to
play in the afternoon and many
students have afternoon classes
and labs, plus many Gainesville
residents cant follow the team
because they are still at work.
He said lights would solve all
these problems and help improve
baseballs support at the UF.

Sports Editor

that are awarded.
(But, if you cut football you reduce the quality
of that program as well as the interest in it.
Therefore the original purpose is defeated.)
Reducing the number of scholarships offered in
other sports by one half and just offer partial
scholarships. This change would have to be
instituted on a conference wide basis.
An across the board percentage cut or a
reduction in staff. Such measures would be unwise
if competitive excellence is to be maintained.
An enlargement of existing facilities to provide
higher sales of tickets.
Last season football produced its highest
attendance at the UF. The problem of not filling
Florida Field became non-existant and the problem
of turning people away became existant.
A record 63,957 fans viewed the UF-Florida
State game. Had the seating capacity been larger
100,000 tickets could have been sold-based on a
state wide demand.
Whatever measures are taken it seems highly
unlikely that a de-emphasis of athletics will be
among them. However, the trend will be toward
expanding the already now a multi-million dollar
business of college sports.

Moving into the area of
womens intercollegiate teams
there are good indications from
UF coaches that this will come
to be in golf, track, swimming
and tennis in die 70s.
I see the UF coming up with
a girls golf team, Golf Coach
Buster Bishop said within five
years it could be very possible to
see a womens intercollegiate golf
team in the SEC. But the
program will go NCAA first and
then SEC, he pointed out.
There are similar feelings
expressed by the UFs
swimming, track and tennis
coaches and they too expect
womens intercollegiate teams in
their respective sports sometime
in the 70s.
Bishop said because more and
more women were playing golf it
was responsible for how the
womens intercollegiate golf team
idea got started and eventually
prospered to its present stage
and projected stages.
This same formula holds true
for swimming, tennis and track.
Especially track and swimming
where women complete already
on an Olympic basis.
And of course women have
their own professional golf and
tennis organizations, and should
naturally have similar amateur
In the area of recruiting the
trends at the UF is towards a
better quality a'iilete because
the UF wants to develope and
emphasize a total athletic
program, UF Assistant Athletic
Director Norm Carlson said. A
program that will be recognized
both in the South and the
This type of program is
already under way in track and
golf and in a lesser degree in the
basketball, baseball, tennis and
football programs.
With the advent of better
athletes comes, or should come
more winning seasons and a
better brand of play, which all
adds in attracting spectators.

UF Responding To Needs, Open To Change

PAGE 3^|
On the whole, classes lor UF
students will get larger, but there
will be more flexibility of
teaching styles, and a greater
variety of learning techniques,
he said.
Testing will be more
appropriate to the objectives of
the course and more practical
devices will be developed,
Wattenbarger said. For instance,
after studying problems of
pollution, testing would involve
working out solutions, he said.
Flexibility in the methods of
learning is seen by many
educators. Lassiter would like
to increase the alternatives to
the methods of acquiring a
bachelor's degree, with an
independent approach, and a
tutorial method," in addition to
the present course-credit
I think we can provide for
these alternatives, but this would
involve some kind of
comprehensive examination at
the end like they do in
England," he said.

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The main roadblock to these
innovations, or any change
above the faculty-classroom level
is the bureacracy of the existing
university system necessary for
approval, Kimbal said.
But the bureacracy and the
heirarchy will be reduced within
the next ten years.
Faculty ranks were never as
status at UF as at other schools
and will be even less in the
future, he said.
He predicted the
reapportionment of the
University Senate and the
change to three ranks of teachers
instead of four. The rank of
instructor will be eliminated, he
Overall planning and the
scientific approach will affect all
areas of campus. There will be
more efficient means of
instruction in all colleges in the
19705, predicted Conner.
Decisions will be researched
and experimented instead of
philosophical and conjectural as
they are now, Williams said.
From computer technology one
can set up trial situations and
receive the possible

consequences before changing,
or acting on a decision, Williams
The students will force us to
be more efficient, I realize a lot
of people dont like that word,
but most universities are very
inefficient, Lassiter said.
There is a great deal of
repetition and duplication in the
curriculum. We should cut the
number of undergraduate
courses in half, and insure that
the ones left are first class, he
Computer technology,
mechanical aids, programmed
teaching: words that sound like
a Brave New School from a
Huxley novel, but some
educators feel technology is the
way to more freedom. It will
enable us to use things instead of
being used by them, Williams
The 1970s will see a decline
in the violent confrontation
which drove the generations
apart in the 19605, Kimbal said.
While a significant aid for
bringing needed student changes
violent protest unfortunately
leaves behind wounds that are so

f t a- J^L*! \V\

serious and deep they are not
worth the cause, he said. If UF
students, faculty and
administrators can find a means
to work together for some goal
and achieve that goal, there will
be no disturbances here, feels
Sisler saw the Action
Conference of a year ago a
significant step in that direction.
The Action Conference was
composed of an equal number of
students, faculty and
administrators who were
directed by UF President
Stephen C. O'Connell to suggest
needed changes in all areas of
the UF. A number of their
proposals were put into effect.
The Action Conference was
a significant thing on this
campus, we will see more of it,
Sisler said.
The last words on the future
of the UF include a question
mark. Its readiness for change
make it a potential for many
directions educators feel, and
their diverging opinions on its
future are evidence of this.
The UF is at a stage where it
has reached the end of the road.

Most of our institutions are
obsolete, and we dont know
where we are going yet,
Williams said.
But no matter which direction
things take, Kimbal said the UF
shouldnt consider itself in
competition with any other
university, it will be very
distinct. Already, it is the
product of a history and series
of populations like no other, he
pointed out.
Ive never been to a
university more open to internal
change or more ready to respond
to the needs of the environment
than the UF, Kimbal said.
... UF dean of faculty

Page 5

Page 6


President Faces Work Increase

Alligator Staff Writer
In the coming decade UF's president
will, of necessity, turn away from the
internal affairs of the university and
lean toward dealing with state agencies
involved in education.
This is how UF President Stephen
C. OConnell sees the future of his job,
although he emphasizes the difficulty of
predicting long-range change.
The president will continue to be
inextricably involved, and will become
increasingly involved, in dealing with
the states governing body and
agencies, he said.
Reorganization of the government
has caused changes the Board of
Regents has lost some of its autonomy,
more state agencies have become
involved with matters affecting the
system of higher education, many rules
and regulations have been made
affecting things the university does, he
With so many state agencies involved
in education, the president must spend
an increasing amount of time with these
groups outside the university. So other
factors of administration must be
delegated to an enlarged administrative
staff, he said.
But, o*Connefl stressed a great need
now for expansion of the administrative
An increased number of agencies
involved in education will not reduce
the authority of the president,
OConnell said.
In theory, the president has the
authority to make all decisions for the
operation of the university, but he
actually doesnt have it, he said.
He said all appointments currently
must be approved by the Board of

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Regents and committees in Tallahassee.
The budget is controlled by the budget
director, the Board of Regents policies
and state statutes must be followed.
The president has no absolute
authority over anyone or anything,
OConnell said.
The university now has, and will
continue to have, more publics than any
other institution, he said. The president,
as the focal point of all pressures, must
continue to respond to all of these
students, faculty, state citizens, the
Board of Regents, the Board of
Education, the state legislature, the
governor ... the list goes on.
OConneO does not foresee any
change in the method of selecting the
university president.
Presently he is chosen by the Board
of Regents subject to the approval of
the State Board of Education.
There has been talk of having the
faculty and students Choose their
president, but OConnell said he feels
such a method would make the
selection a political battle.
There is no way to sterilize public
office from politics, he said, but he
added the current method avoids the
pitfalls of an internal battle within the
UF has not had the problems of some
schools, such as San Francisco State and
Columbia, with students taking over
administration buildings to demand a
greater voice in decision-making, and it
will not have these problems in the
future, O'Connell predicted.
Students have always had a
responsible voice in affairs that affect
them here, he said.
I dont think students can or want
to run the university. There will always

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be some who will be asking for some
change, and this is not bad. The tilings
urged to be changed will be based on
the reason and mature judgment of
students, he said.
OConnell said he agrees with the
forecast of experts who say the next
conflict will be between students and
The reasonable demands of students
are for up-to-date courses, preparation
for life and more effective teaching, he
The faculty now control, and will
continue to control, teaching methods,
curriculum and course content; and
these are the areas in which students
demand reform, he said.

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In the next 10 years there will be no
change in the in loco parentis
situation that has created much uproar
in the 19605, OConnell said.
Growth of UF to a projected 34,000
by 1980 will change the university for
the worse, OConnell said.
I hope this institution will never get
beyond the 25,000 mark. If we do, we
will lose much of what makes UF
different from other institutions, he
The trend is toward large, urban
commuter universities. But UF has a
concerned community with this
university at the center and involves
total living experience.

UF Financial Neeas 'Limitless

Alligator Staff Wrhar
UF's financial needs during the next
decade are nearly limitless if UF
administrators are to be believed, but
whether or not the needs will be met
depends almost totally on Gov. Claude
R. Kirk, Jr. and the state legislature.
Every year UFs proposed budget is
submitted to examination upon
re-examination and alteration upon
re-alteration by numerous government
organizations. By the time the budget is
finally completed and given the
legislature's final okay, it usually bears
little resemblance to the original
For example, this year's budget
request of $101,196,554 looked a lot
smaller -14 percent smaller- when the
legislature had finished with it The final
sum approved was $86,711*770. UF
presented its request for 1970-71 to
Kirk last week in Tallahassee. This
original request of $112,637,765 will go
through the same process as last year's
request and will most likely be cut
Every year our proposed budget is
cut by anywhere from 10 to 30
percent," Director of Finance and
Accounting Joseph P. Hough said.
But the proposed budgets are drawn
up with the knowledge they will be cut
and they are adjusted to account for
this. And the attitude of most
administrators is comparable to that of
Emmet L. Williams, assistant dean of
I guess I'm an informed optimist -a
slightly pessimistic optimist, Williams
said, We're going to make some kind of
progress, for If we don't we can
definitely expect a deterioration of

Available in reel-to-reel, S-track cartridge and cassette stereo tapes.


The needs are towering ominously as
UF faces the decade of the 70s, though.
UF President Stephen C. O'Connell
presented Kirk with a list of 39 budget
deficiencies at the budget hearings last
week. These deficiencies, covering only
the next year, will be enlarged in
number and importance year by year.
The state system of higher
education has for a number of years
been grossly underfinanced," O'Connell
said, while at the same time attempting
to meet the ever-increasing enrollment
and maintaining an education program,
striving for the highest quality."
Such underfunding cannot help but
result in making it impossible to activate
necessary programs or continue to
provide quality education," he said.
One of the most important
deficiencies O'Connell presented to Kirk
was the inability of the UF to recruit
the caliber of faculty needed to carry
our the programs to which the
institution believes it is committed..."
Robert F. Lanzillotti, dean of the
College of Business Administration,
agreed with O'Connell.
The priority for the business college,
he said, is a continued improvement in
the quality of new faculty.
We ie competitive t the junior

faculty ranks, but not at the full
professor ranks," he said. We don't
have file fringe components to attract
faculty and we are going to need a
substantial increase in funds to provide
O'Connell said UF hasn't been able to
bring prospective faculty members to
the campus for interviews prior to their
employment. And nearly all
departments have been forced to limit
the number of faculty or have been
unable to send faculty to professional
meetings and conferences.
Physical facilities are also far below
We're in the dark ages in terms of
phsycial facilities," Lanzillotti said.
The rooms are extremely noisy, and
some of our faculty have been forced
into the attic and the old law building."
The College of Journalism, with an
enrollment which grew almost eight
times during the past decade, is in
desperate need of a new building.
Even if we only double in the next
decade, well have 1,600 students,"
Dean John Paul Jones said. That's a
conservative estimate and present
facilities wont accommodate this
The shortage of physical facilities is

*l****t. tommy R WnWtiwiitW
reflected in OCouaefl's plea to Kirk for
more office space.
Many faculty members are either
without offices or must share desk space
in bullpen type offices which do not
offer any privacy to an instructor
conferring with his students."
Student support" is one area
Williams said is in need of increased
We need to send students out into
controlled field experiences," he said.
This will involve doubling or even
tripling present financial support."
i The college has had to limit its
student teacher program and its
Internship program thus delaying
graduation of education students who
could become available in the teacher
market and offer some relief in areas
where there are great teacher
shortages," O'Connell said.
The list of complaints goes on and
on. Many needed changes will take long
range planning and financing. But
because the legislature now meets yearly
and passes a yearly budget, financial
planning is concentrated only on the
next year, not on the next decade.
A change in the budgeting system of
the state is scheduled to take place in
the near future which will help cure this
short-sighted budget.
Called the Programmed Budgeting
System (PBS), it call* for long-range
financial planning. General objectives
become the area of concentration rather
than day-to-day expenses, as in the
present budget.
Higher salaries for faculty and staff,
improved physical facilities and
adequate funds for operation and
maintenance; all these needs and many
more must be funded during the next
decade. Whether they will be or not is a
question the legislature and Kirk must

Page 7

I, Special Seventies Edition, Wednesday, January 14,1970

Page 8

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___' r
Alligator Staff Writer
Top ranking administrators and planners atlhi
phenomenal growth in areas of student enrElh
physical improvements in the 7os here.
The UF has already become an institjio
dimensions which spans 2,400 acres, and tn
predicting a minimum enrollment of 30,000 sic
the decade, with a maximum enrollment of 40 §CH
Lack of funds is the only threat to the gro Jh
this time, administrators say, but they are hopi4 1
ABB | government will eventually come through wlh
IB Jb jl B higher education. >
I fl* 11 U If this doeSn,t happen by 73 Walter Matlei
| fW fl | planning and budget, has predicted the university
LB U million for capital outlay at that time.
According to Richard H. Whitehead, UF regili
number of freshman will be frozen at 2,800 ejh
|| |fl admission will be used by more colleges to mateli
B B fl fl WM | flfl || Because we raise our standards of admissioile
||||||||| %M of attrition due to students failing drops and
\M flfl | | flfl sizes, Whitehead added.
* * There are several factors, Whitehead said]
enrollment at the UF to go over the 30,000 nli
_ mm flfl flfli them, he listed:
_fl B || t New academic programs which will includJ\
L||#| B| V || L a college of dentistry, and possibly a populaticl
B 1111 flfl | |l planning discipline.
I B II | An influx of more students from the juniol
mm I flfl flfl m m fl flfl m Which are growing in size and numbers.
a The fact that Florida is now growing like Cl
\ The possibility of an end to American B
V Vietnam War in the 7os.
B And, if black students in increasing numbers!
I pass the entrance exams here, or the recruiting pi
J up to find qualified blacks succeed, then again!
S would increase, Whitehead said.
m There is little possibility of placing a ceiling
C junior college transfer students coming here bl
8 explains, each legislator has a junior college in hi
8 been made clear to us by the legislature that ul

he UF are predicting
lment, faculty, and
ion of megalopolus
. registrars office is
rdents by the end of
00 students by 1980.
h of the university at
the state and federal
h more monies for
erly, UF director of
f will need some S9O
tiar, even though the,
h year, ana
tin their quotas,
every year, the leveL
you maintain clas^
a V
which could caused
rk by 1980. Among'
veterinary medicine,
i control and family
colleges in the state
lifornia did 10 years
involvement in the
e better prepared to
grams which are set
student enrollments
on the number of
ause, as Whitehead
i district and it has
lergraduate transfer

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students will be accepted here.
They make our laws and determine our budget, he added.
Looking ahead, Matherly claims that by 1980 everyone, including
faculty, may be required to park their cars in peripheral parking lots
and take a bus, walk, or ride a clas§ or to the office.
A walking at the sls
million-plus As|htisee'Center Complex to be cohttwfcqd at Beta
walkways mto south Jo
4e&ihation j. HiSis
'J';' a
300 w'l6,ooo?'
facility w, .btitJthis'isfflrcT^B^
Nplanning sta&s;>ir wont be heed s
the universityar^obt^^'t^Wfa^ V A X
construction of
only about needed to run a
univeritfyof vN
Evenhiahy. the universit^mqy^ve wing onto
Hall to
There will be no ears except
for housing for law schoollaw complex, and the
construction of a 310-unit married housing unit on the western
extremity of the campus at 34th Street and Radio Road.
Plans are also underway for the construction of a new journalism
building, an expansion to the infirmary, a new science library, a social
science building, a research wing to Norman Hall, a new unit to the

life science and biology building, and more parking lots to be located
near Lake Alice on the west side of campus.
As mentioned before, the only item that could hold up the
construction of these facilities is the need for funding an item
which the UF has little of at this time.
Matherly has estimated that the needs of the UF for capital outlay
will be over $95 million by 1973. Out of this amount only $12.5
million is available for university expansion, all of which will go to the
health center for expansion of the medical school and construction of
the college of dentristry.
We will be in the soup by 1973-74 unless we get the funds we
need for expansion, Matherly said. Right now we are playing a
numbers game with other institutions in the state. The more students
iyou have the more funds you are supposed to get to build needed
The system is based on history and not on future needs of the
We need a system that funds the various sectors of the
liJiiWersity community based on each sectors requirements, he
putting out a Ph.D. here is no way comparable to training a
sectary at West Florida, but the present formula used by the
lej&ature and the Board of Regents would make you think so,
Motherly said.
claims that even if the UF does not get funds for expansion
state and federal freeze on funds breaks then it would be
Practically impossible for the university to. build the needed facilities
v ss'will need because the planning department here is understaffed."
We could use twice the number of people that we now have. We
' are only filling the cracks in the dam at this time, Matherly said.
However, there is one area of construction that Matherly said will
get immediate attention this year: the construction of 45 by 75 foot
swimming pools at the Graham and Broward area dormitories.
Bids will go out in February. We will break'ground about a month
after that and should be finished with the project by the fall of 70,
he said.
Talk of building moving sidewalks, upper level walkways, monorail
trains, are out of the question at this time, Matherly said.
Everything we want depends on funding. Until the state gets new
revenue sources we will not be able to offer students the high quality
program they should have.
With the present equation for expansion based on numbers of
students enrolled you get crowding not quality.

riw jgnuarv 14.1970. Snedai Swttoa Edition, I

Page 9

Page 10

C SpiecW Seventies Edition, Wednesday, January 14, T 970

Bia Government Invades UFs SG

Alligator Executive Editor
Big government, with its
counterparts of bureaucracy,
fiscal fluctuations and a
too-rapid-growth, has found its
way to UFs Student
Government. And the 7os
promise even greater growth.
Within the last three years SG
has more than doubled in size,
and is now over-flowing out of
their office space on the third
floor into the basement of the
Reitz Union.
If we continue to expand
like we have been the Union will
be pretty well utilized and we
will possibly have to move to the
new Activities Center (if and
when it is built), but this is
highly tentative, Student Body
President Charles Shepherd said.
But physical growth takes a
back seat to the growth in areas
of interest being thrust on SG.
Shepherd sees the 7o*B
bringing a new and even more
violent type confrontation to
the university campus, a
confrontation on issues involving
academics that began late in the
Only in the last year or so
have students turned to
academic problems, he said, I
predict more attention i:: this
area of demands for a responsive
curriculum an individualized
The brute power of the
faculty is lodged in the
Curriculum Committees of the
various colleges, and if the

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public thinks the confrontation
between the students and
administration was gruesome,
just wait until the confrontation
of students and faculty over
academics, the student
president said.
As academic problems reach
crisis proportions in the 7os,
some agency has to gather up
student viewpoints and vocalize
them, and I think this will be
SG, Shepherd said.
One of the main SG agencies
that will face this problem is the
presidents Cabinet.
Ralph Glatfelter, SG secretary
for consumer affairs, predicts a
growing trend towarcT
specialization in SG, with less
emphasis on student politics.
The Cabinet has got to find a
way to develop more relevant
projects than building handball
courts and Ravine Park if we
ever want to get things done in
the next ten years, Glatfelter
Eventually SG will have to
branch out into the areas of drug
abuse, for instance, and by the
end of the decade were going to
be financing students in lawsuits
against apartment owners who
charge exorbitant damage costs,
and even against the university,
he said.
The possibility of a Student
Government this large and
complex being incorporated is
slim, however.
We will probably never
incorporate, Shepheid said,
After talking with some of the
legislators and others, we have

>j pppir-
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... Student Government enlivens third floor

decided it would not be wise to
incorporate SG itself because in
future years the legislature could
halt the flow of funds to a
Currently a separate
corporation encompassing SG,
Student Services Incorporated, is
handling contracts and fiscal
matters for the student body.
If the state legislature did
curb the flow of monies into the
corporation, Shepherd admitted
it would hit SSI hard, but we
would still have the money from
student activities fees,
Shepherd said it would
become an absolute necessity for
SG to hire a full-time financial
consultant within the next few
years. He said groundwork for
this position has already been
laid and implementation rests on
future administrations.
The Student Senate, SGs
legislative branch, faces the 7os
with the challenges of
reapportionment and being

made more responsive to the
growing student enrollment.
JSam Poole, majority leader of
the senate, sees the group
becoming less and less a rubber
stamp to the SG executive.
In harmony with this
growing independence, the
senate is assuming a greater sense
of responsibility toward the
students of this university, but
we must fight to overcome
student apathy, he said.
The first step toward this goal
is the establishment of offices
for senators within the various
colleges and living areas.
The entire operation of SG
runs on a budget of more than
$2 million per year, and still this
is not enough.
We will ask for a reallocation
of registration fees to get more
money from the student
activities fees, but the fees
themselves will not be
increased, Shepherd said.

He said the student body
budget is based on a needed
increase in these fees, and if they
are not obtained the budget and
functions of SG wiD have to be
There are currently about 350
people woiking in SG. Three
yean ago there were less than
Three yean ago there were
approximately 25 students on
university committees and now
there are more than 120.
Shepherd sees this as logical in
connection with the expending
student movement across the
The role of women on campus
is, in the words of the student
body president, becoming more
effective, even to the point of a
woman student body vice
president within the next two

IN 1970'S
Married Students
Face Problems

Alligator Correspondent
Medical aid.
Day care for children.
Keeping the family together.
These are problems that will
have to be dealt with in the
years to come for 20 per cent of
UF students are now married.
Director of Housing Dr.
Harold C. Riker said there will
be 29,000 students at UF by
1975 and this will increase at a
regular rate of 1,600 per year.
This means there will be roughly
5,800 married students by 1975,
as compared to approximately
4,200 now enrolled.
This includes part-time
married students as well as
commuters, so not all of these
students will be living on
campus, Rika* said.
Fluctuation will come as
graduate student enrollment
increases, because 60 per cent of
our graduate students are
married, said Dr. Carl T.
Clarke, a UF psychologist who is
working on a marriage and
college life project funded by
the National Institute of Mental
The problem is what will be
done to meet the requirements
as married student enrollment
Speculation is that a married
student housing complex will be
built either near the new
Spessard C. Holland Law Center
or west of the university on 34th
Street. This would replace the
present Flavets housing,
scheduled to be torn down in
the wake of the proposed
Activities Center.
Riker could not give any plans
because no contracts, bids or
proposed layouts have been
Flavet 111 Mayor, Thomas
Ball, feels this is an unfortunate
situation because students will
not be able to request the type
of living arrangements and
services they want.
Ball said when the bids and
contracts are made, and the
project is underway, it will be
too late to hear what students
He is not pleased about the
possibility of having to move out
of Flavet 111. Were really
happy here. We have our own
little community, our own fire
department and even our own
village newspaper that comes out
once a week. We dont want to
move, he said.
In tearing down Flavet 111, the
low cost of rent ($29.50 per
month) would be done away
with and the new housing to be
built would probably be much
higher. The other campus
villages charge around S6O per
Most of us cant afford
that, Ball said.
He is also concerned about
what to do with his furniture if
he is forced to move out. The
other villages are furnished and
furniture is not allowed to be
taken out of the apartments, so
the Flavet 111 dwellers would
either have to store their
furniture, which would be
expensive, or sell it at a loss.
Ball feels this is another
reason why students should be

participants in planning for new
housing. If we had a choice,
wed be more interested in
paying less and getting less, he
The UF has only limited
housing for married students.
According to Clarke, about
one-fourth of the married
students live on-campus.
This is a multi-million dollar
business and the state has not
been nearly as willing to house
married students as they have
single students, he said.
Clarke, in working on the
second year of the first phase of
his marriage and college life
project, feels another chief
problem for married students is
that they cannot work full time.
The married student, in
place of working, is going to
school. If he works, he works
part-time, and although his wife
works, she is probably not
receiving a professional salary,
Clarke said.
Therefore, the couple is
living on a budget that reflects
going to school, yet they pay for
services in a community set on a
non-student basis.
In working with married
students, Clarice is trying to get
more benefits for them in the
area of medicine, day care, and
housing, as well as setting up
learning programs for
parenthood. He hopes to
develop these programs by tying
in the psychology, sociology and
education departments of UF.
Clarke is not only interested
in classroom learning, but group
discussions which he calls
marital-enrichment sessions.
Here, married students would
discuss their problems in groups,
sometimes with only husbands,
sometimes only wives, and other
times with both spouses
gathered together in groups.
He said the early years of
marriage are the most crucial,
and with spouses being students
it makes the problem greater, for
they do not have time, or either
do not take time to do things
with their families.
There is a certain point
where the non-student spouse
can take this without the chance
of the marriage being ruined,
he said.
In the area of medical benefits
to married students, Dr. W. J.
Coggins, director of Student
Health, along with Student
Government, are trying to solve
some of the problems.
Coggins said one problem is
that all of the married students
must participate in the program
in order to make it economical.
This would enable Student
Health to offer the same level of
medical care now offered to
students and student spouses, to
complete families for about SlB
per family per quarter.
He was uncertain as to
whether this medical treatment
would be given just to matried
students and their spouses, or
whether it would also include
It would be easy to
administer this treatment to just
the wives, including pre-natal
care and delivery, but children
would be a more difficult
medical problem. Coggins said.

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Wednesday, January 14, 1970, Special Seventies Edition, I

Page 11

SpwW SavMltm Edition, Wy W?WI

Page 12

Growth And Quality
In Student Publications

The upcoming decade should
be one of continuing expansion
for UFs student publications,
tempered by a growing
realization that a limit may have
to be placed on expansion.
With the size of the Alligator
increasing every year, more and
more of the workload must be
transferred to full-time staff
members, taking some of the
control from the students,
Alligator Managing Editor Dave
Doucette said.
Unless larger working facilities
and more payroll funds are
provided for the student staff
members, the Alligator will
reach a zenith in size in the next
couple of years, he. said.
Most of the editorial staff is
paid now, with salaries ranging
from $lO a week for reporters to
S4S a week for the editor.
When the student body
president gets sls a week more
than the Alligator editor, has less
day-to-day responsibilities, and
spends less time in the office, its
not fair to the editor nor the rest
of his staff, Doucette said.
And it's ridiculous to ask a
student to spend 15 hours a
week at work for $lO or $12,
he said.
If the paper gets bigger,
more news coverage will be
needed, and since the office is
already filled to capacity
everyday, the people we already
have will be forced to do more
work rather than hire more
reporters, he said.
In this case, we must pay the
reporters and editors more,
Doucette said.
Increasing size of the Alligator
will be one of the most pressing
problems facing student
publications in the coming 10
In addition to the increase in
size of the editorial staff other
departments will also grow in
size. A study by the Student
Publications business office
shows there are already more
students working in the facilities
than the original design called
Space will become more of a
problem than it is now,
Student Publications Operations
Manager Ed Barber said. We
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will probably have to move to
larger quarters.
Student Publications offices
are located on the third floor of
the Reitz Union, which has been
open since the spring of 1967.
Barber predicted the Alligator
may average nearly 40 pages per
day 10 years from now if the
current rate of growth
continues. This may necessitate
going to a standard eight-column
page size.
He said any move like this
would have to be decided by the
students, but he believes a
full-size newspaper would be
easier to read than a tabloid.
The Alligator is currently
printed in Ocala, but all
production, with the exception
of the running of the presses, is
done in the union, and it appears
that it will remain this way.
Eventually Student
Publication may be able to
afford to buy a press adequate
to print the paper, but current
Florida law prohibits doing so at
this time, Barber said.
If the law is changed, there is
a possibility that Student
Publications could eventually
purchase a press to print the
Alligator, the Seminole and the
Florida Quarterly, he said.
Incorporation may be an
alternative for the Alligator in
the future, but it would take at
least five years to incorporate if
the decision was made.
This is another decision that
will have to be made by the
students, Barber said.
.). Quarterly editor
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Ways of becoming more
financially sound and editorially
independent will be sought, and
incorporation may be a good
method, Barber said.
Incorporation may be away
of helping UFs Student
Publications solve many
financial, space and staffing
problems, Doucette said.
Personally I would like to
see Student Publications
incorporate, move off campus,
negotiate with the university and
Student Government for
circulation rights, and begin to
compete with the Gainesville
Sun in the city, he said.
The Alligator already
competes favorably with the Sun
for advertising and has almost
the same circulation size.
Going off campus would be
advantageous for the editorial
staff since they would also have
to cover off-campus events,
Doucette said.
However, he said the staff
would have to be enlarged to
adequately cover the
community, in addition to the
campus, he said.
The current staff is prohibited
from adequately covering just
the university community
because of size, space and
payroll limitations, Doucette
It would take incorporation,
larger facilities and more money
to even begin thinking about
covering Gainesville, he said.
But we can dream.
Alligator Editor Raul Ramirez
... Seminole editor
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sees little basic change in the
format of the paper, with the
exception of a possible switch to
an eight-column format.
I personally do not favor a
full-size paper, but future editors
may deem it necessary, he said.
There will be a trend toward
more in depth and background
reporting in addition to the
day-to-day reporting of the
news, he said.
Along with the growth of the
Alligator will come a need for
larger facilities and more
full-time staff members, Ramirez
This may possibly, but not
necessarily, create a conflict
because of the obvious need for
an expanded business operation
and the crucial requirement that
control of Student Publications
remain in the hands of
students, he said.
As the universitys journalism
program expands the quality and
variety of our writing will take
an upward swing, the editor said.
Editorial Advisor Norm Going
concurred, saying he thought
both the College of Journalism
and the Alligator would benefit
from more classes requiring
students to work for the paper.
The advanced reporting class
JM 402 spent half a quarter
reporting for the Alligator last
Similar arrangements could
be worked out with editing and
photography classes, Going
said. However, there are no such
plans at this time.
Doucette said this would be a
welcome benefit to the Alligator
as long as the College of
Journalism did not try to take
any control of the newspaper.
It doesnt appear that there

, *0 .

will be any attempt at more
control of student publications,
he said.
Its hard to visualize how the
BSP or the university will feel in
the direction of more control,
Barber said. I think the system
we are operating under now is
the best weve had.
One other change ahead for
the Alligator is more leadership
of the paper by women.
There has never been a coed
editor-in-chief of the Alligator,
but this year three of the top six
editorial positions are filled by
There should definitely be a
woman editor of the paper with
the next 10 years, Doucette
said. In fact, theres an
excellent chance that Carol
Sanger (current executive editor)
could be elected editor
beginning spring quarter.
The Seminole, UFs yearbook,
faces the new decade with the
possibility it will no longer exist
in 1980.
I seriously doubt the books
existence in 10 years, Seminole
Editor Ken Driggs said.
The next two to three years
will be critical to the future
existence of the Seminole, he
Last year only 3,600 copies of
the book were sold to a student
body of more than 18,000, and
this years sales are no better, so
there appears no chance for an
immediate increase in
circulation, Driggs said.
This years sales program, as in
the past, has thusfar produced
nothing more than an apathetic
response by the students, he

Seminole Future Unsure; Quarterly Grows

There is a complete change of
format in the book this year and
Driggs expressed hope that it
will help increase sales.
We're trying to make the
book more relevant/' he said.
But he expects some adverse
reaction from the alumni
because of the format change
from the standard type of
yearbook. He said the greek
domination of the books
contents is being diminished
with more emphasis put on the
events of the year.
Although Drjggs hopes the
new format will help sales, he is
planning to put a question on
the spring Student Government
election ballot to see if students
want the Seminole to continue.
However, a no vote would
not mean we would quit
publishing the book, he said.
The biggest reaction to a
discontinuation of the Seminole
would come from the
administration and the alumni.
The administration would object
because it is a good public
relation device for the university
and the alumni would object
because it would mean the
discontinuation of a tradition.
Despite the lack of sales, the
Seminole is not experiencing any
drought in staff members.
There are more people
wanting to work than we can
handle and the people we get are
more experienced than in the
past, Driggs said.
One problem facing the
Seminole is the cost of printing
and a seemingly impossible
chance of operating in the black.
The book is sold for $6 and
costs nearly sl4 to print. Driggs
says there is no way to break
even, no matter how many
books they sell since the price
does not cover the cost.
However, they are trying to
reduce the cost of printing. No
more free pages for campus
groups, increase costs in pages,
and charging sitting fees for
pictures are helping to reduce
printing costs, Driggs said.
The losses incurred by the
Seminole are absorbed by the
protit the Alligator makes from
The same holds true for the
Florida Quarterly, UF's literary
magazine and newest member of
Student Publications.
The Quarterly is not breaking
even because of its young age,
but it is also surviving from
profits of the Alligator.
lf we sold every copy
printed at twice the normal
price, we still couldn't break
even, Quarterly Editor Jessica
Everingham said.
If the circulation goes up then
printing costs are reduced.
If we show a growth in
campus sales and subscriptions
each year, then well be getting
there, Miss Everingham said.
Nearly four-fifths of the
Quarterly's budget is spent for
printing, but there is a reason for
We could print the book
cheaper, but we want it to look
good and present a good image,
she said.
Miss Everingham forsees a
greater growth in sales, more
material to select from, larger
format, use of color and more

graphic refinements, and higher
. Hopefully there will be more
critical material submitted and
greater professional attitude on
the part of the staff, she said.
The university is becoming
more of a cultural center and
Miss Everingham sees this
helping the Quarterly in the
The new creative writing
masters degree program will help
bring more professional people

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to the campus, who Will in mm
be tapped as sources of material
for the Quarterly, she said.
The program will be one of
few in the South.
The Quarterly also faces the
problem of more office space
and a need to pay the editor and
managing editor for greater
continuity in the publication.
Ive seen the book come a
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with it, and I think it will
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... Alligator executive editor

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... Alligator managing editor

Page 13




Page 14



i/SpttWSSvfthtiM Edition, Wednesday, January 14.1970

Florida Faces
Rapid Change
In Living Style

Alligator Assignments Editor
When the 70's are history,
Florida could be a concrete
jungle complete with urban
Or it could be a pleasant
haven from the big-city
headaches of pollution,
snaried-up traffic and masses of
workers on strike.
The state of the state hinges
heavily on foresight and
planning, because one thing is
certain Florida will make
unprecedented strides in growth
in both population and industry.
Florida in 1980 could have all
the benefits of urban life with
none of the disadvantages.
Floridians could enjoy lush
parks, planned leisure activities
and convenient modes of
transportation but only if
there is adequate planning.
Because, if present trends
continue, by 1980, when the
Florida family takes a Sunday
drive through the city, concrete
streets will cover two thirds of
the land in view.
As it is now, streets and
highways cover more than half
the land area of Floridas cities.
However, urban planners at
FSU predict the use of cars
might not be as great as now.
Perhaps housewives will do their
shopping via television. And
Florida's families might have
only one car for city driving -a
slower, smaller car and
another for out-of-town driving.
This vehicle would be a long,
streamlined capsule built to
travel at dizzying speeds on rails.
Floridas population is
expected to jump from about
5.8 million in 1965 to 8.9
million in 1980. And more than
80 per cent of the population
will be living in the cities. With
the emergence of highly
concentrated urban populations,
it is possible Florida will be
beset with the problems that
have tormented northern cities
in the 60's: teachers, policemen,
firemen on strike, blacks and
laborers demonstrating.
Individuals are likely to seek
more group expression of their
dissatisfaction in the next
decade,'* said Dr. Edward
McClure, an urban affairs
professor at FSU. he said if
Floridas cities are allowed to
develope without adequate
planning, urban frustrations will
Apartment-dwelling will
become the thing by 1980,
though single-family housing will
still be available in cities and
suburbs. The push for living

space could find the states poor
people isolated in the inner
This trend contributed to the
decay of many older cities
central cores, but it does not
have to happen in Florida.
Planners can help avoid this
urban blight, McClure said.
Universities, local and federal
governments, and private
enterprise could join together to
provide more education and
more jobs in the outlying areas,
to enable the poor to remain
outside the central city.
Middle-income Floridians
could be enticed to remain in
the central cities if planners
provide top-flight education and
recreation. If middle and upper
families lived in the cities,
the lower economic and ethnic
groups wont become as isolated.
Garbage lots of it will be
one of the by-products of this
urban population upsurge. And
garbage of the future will be
increasingly hard to dispose of:
non-returnable pop bottles;
aerosol spray-cans that explode
in the disposal process, and new
synthetic detergents that do not
disintegrate when disposed of.
Yet if planners work with
municipal waste experts, new
chemicals and devices may be
uncovered to eliminate the trash
perhaps putting it to good use
as well.
Economic developments in
the 70's will contribute heavily
to the states growth. Disney
World in Orlando, the
Cross-Florida Barge Canal,
pharmaceutical and seafood
industries connected with
oceanographic science and
emerging Latin American
markets will provide catalysts
for growth. The Florida
Development Commission said
industrial expansion will lean
heavily on research activities.
With this growth will come an
ever-increasing reliance on
computers, in the home as well
as office and industry.
Dr. John W. Sullivan of
Florida Atlantic University
predicts housewives will soon be
able to use thenr telephones to
dial several computers for
infromation and services. There
may even be a computer library
for persons who want more
detailed information than they
can get on their home computer.
Researchers on college
campuses throughout the state
university system are unanimous
in their prediction that the 70s
are likely to become known as
the computer age.
Medical diagnoses could be
attained via computer;
instruction by computer could
become more widely used, and
portable computers used in
much the same way as tape
recorders could become a
Florida in the 70s will be a
base for discovery industries
associated with space sciences
and oceanography and the
off-shoots of the growth could
make the state a veritable
paradise of planning and
foresight come to the fore.

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Can the University of Florida face the challenge of the 1970'5?
This and many other questions will be posed by the 1970
SEMINOLE as it focuses on 20,000 individual minds who have
come to find something in common at Florida. The emphasis will
be on the untraditional, the new.
The year 1969-70 will be covered searchingly; from the
Washington Moratorium to drug use to the life of married
students. Something of interest will be presented for all students.
Students are, after all, the reason the SEMINOLE is published.
Order your 1970 SEMINOLE now by mailing a check for $6 to
the SEMINOLE in the Reitz Union, or order from any AEPhi.
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Wednesday, Janeary 14,1970, Special Seventies Edition,

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Fraternalism To Grow In Next Ten

Alligator Staff Writer
Fraternities and sororitiescm the decline
nationally for the last few years because of a drop in
membership, and lack of social relevancy -seem to
be thriving at UF.
Three national fraternitiesSigma Pi, Phi Kappa
Theta, and Sigma Alpha Mu, received Interfraternity
Council's permission to colonize on campus last
November and the 26 fraternities already
established on campus have an average of more than
100 members per house-way over the national
Sororities, while growing at sorority colonized last year) are large and are
attracting new members.
"September's sorority rush was one of the most
successful ever," Faculty Advisor Loyce Katz said.
"More than 50 per cent of the girls going through
rush pledged," she said. "And the average pledge
class is almost 30 girls."
The total number of girls going through rush was
down this fall, but Miss Katz attributes this to a
successful summer orientation program, where
entering freshmen could decide early whether they
wanted to pledge.
Os the 2,800 entering freshmen, 2,400 attended
an orientation session.
Former IFC President Steve Zack said rudi this
fall has been equally successful for fraternities.
"We've had the most successful rush, in terms of
number of pledges, in five years," he said. "And if
winter and spring rush are as successful, this could
be the best year ever for fraternities at UF.
Yet, in 1967, Amherst College deans, faculty and
alumni blasted fraternities in a report urging a shift
to more broadly based residential societies.
Fraternities "have become an anachronism, the
possibilities for their reform have been exhausted,
and they now stand directly in the way of exciting
new possibilities," the report said.
'Time" magazine reported in its May 1967 issue
that the percentage of students who join greek
societies is "shrinking steadily." Greek membership
at the University of Illinois has declined despite an
increase of 4JOOO students during the past ten
years, 'Time said.
And on the University of-California's Berkeley
campus enrollment is up 13 per cent and greek
membership is down 20 per cent.
'Time" gave two reasons for the decline in
popularity of fraternities and sororities:
t Today's student is more serious about
scholarship. He scoffs at pretentions to status and
secret ritual while applauding the move to individual
Plush new dorms are drawing students away
from fraternity houses. While they offer the same
amount of comfort as houses, dorms cost much less
to live in.
Then why is the greek system so successful at
Current IFC President Charles Brackins said
fraternities are still strong throughout the entire
southeast with the exception of urban centers. They
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the urban Northeast they are declining.
They're still strong here, and I think they're
going to stay strong," he said.
Aside from the three fraternities given the okay
to move on campus last month, six others asked
permission to colonize, Brackins said.
And there are still sororities waiting to be allowed
on campus. One of the largest national sororities,
Kappa Kappa Gamma, has been trying to colonize
at UF for several years.
"We want to give our newer, smaller houses a
chance to become established," PanheDenic
President Dianne Baron said. Two sororities, Pi Beta
Phi and Phi Sigma Sigma, have colonized within the
last three years.
Miss Baron attempted to explain the decline in
greek societies within the last several years:
During World War 11, fraternities and sororities
had their hardest times. This was because students
felt there were much more important things to do
with their time. If there was any time to spare the
student spent it with the USO of some other
organization contributing to the war effort.
"Now were in the same type of situation.
Students are very much involved and concerned
with the war. Perhaps this is why the greek system
has been criticized so much in the last few years,"
she said.
Individual chapters and members are definitely
changing with the times, though not/as rapidly as
they should be, she said. /f >
National organizations have been the slowest to
change, she said. "This is definitely a problem, but
you must understand that national organizations are
run by older women.
They don't understand the changes in college life
today, Miss Baron said. "But through conventions
and conferences they should be persuaded to
The problem of an antiquated national
organization system came into the spotlight recently
when Mrs. Peggy Dinkle, a former University of
South Florida student, president of her sorority
(Chi Omega) and president of Panhellenic, spoke to
PanheUenic. She said sororities are not relevant
today and they have failed to keep up with the
She was immediately disaffiliated from Chi
Omega by her national organization.
The girls themselves, rather than the national
organizations, are going to be the ones to adjust
soririties to the changing times, Miss Katz said.
"Sororities are becoming more relevant," Zeta
Tau Alpha President Barbara Sivils said. "They have
to become concerned with what is worrying young
people today."
Miss Sivils said sororities at the UF are trying to
throw out the image of greek preoccupation with
pranks and games.
"That may have had its place in the 2o's," she
said. "But today it's considered foolish."
Panhellenic took a large step in trying to rid itself
of the image in early December when the sororities
voted to send Sigma Chi fraternity a letter
demanding either Sigma Chi Derby be changed to a
day for underprivileged children or Panhellenic
would refuse to participate.
Sjgma Chi Derby is a traditional day of games,
parades, races and beauty contests among sororities.
Brackins supported Panhellenics action.
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And miAnd that includes Greek Week and the Pi Kappa
Alpha canes.*
Bracking said if the support of all the fraternities
and sororities could be enlisted, he would like to see
Greek Week converted to a week of service projects
and work sessions.
Sororities and fraternities have been continually
criticized for stifling individuality, for fading to get
involved and being concerned only with status and
But Mortarboard President Joan Dowd said she
pledged a sorority because they were the only
groups on campus actually doing anything. Both
fraternities and sororities are continually involved in
service projects on campus and in the community,
she said.
Concern over appearance, normally equated with
greeks, is natural even among people who claim it
doesnt matter, die said.
The decisive question for the greek system in the
next decade, though, will be the racial question. Can
fraternity and sorority national organizations be
awakened to the fact that greek societies are going
to have to be completely open to everyone?
It is illegal for a national organization to take a
chapters charter away for pledging a black student,
and the chapter could conceivably take its case to
the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
But this doesnt stop the national organizations
from removing a charter for some other reason, such
as improper rushing procedures.
There are presently three black fraternity
members on campus, Brackins said. They are
members of Tau Epsilon Phi, Delta Upsilon and
Alpha Epsilon Pi.
But there are no black sorority members. And no
blacks have gone through formal rush.
Miss Sivils said she feels there will be a test case
on the racial issue within the next few years.
Sororities are going to have to accept this change,
she said. And I honestly think they will.
The most pressing problem blocking the advent
of more fraternities and sororities at UF now is the
lack of land on or around the campus for houses.
The three newest fraternities at UF must find
space off campus, for Fraternity Row was recently
filled up when Chi Phi bought the lot at 1
Fraternity Row and Kappa Alpha bought the lot
between the Delta Chi and Sigma Phi Epsflon
The land on Fraternity Row was bought by
fraternities from the UF at a reduced rate
between 53,800 and $4,800, J. R. Stormer, assistant
dean for student development said.
Lots off-campus are much more expensive as
much as SIOO,OOO, Miss Katz said.
In'~rfnternity Council has asked the UF for
more land to be added to Fraternity Row, but it has
been held up by University committees, Brackins
Were hoping to have an answer by the end of
January, he said.
Land or no, it appears that fraternities and
sororities are going to continue to grow on the UF
And the UF greek system is going to have to keep
up with rapid social change and the emphasis on
doing your own thing.
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