Citation
The Florida alligator

Material Information

Title:
The Florida alligator
Alternate title:
Summer school news
Alternate title:
University of Florida summer gator
Alternate title:
Summer gator
Alternate Title:
Daily bulletin
Alternate Title:
Orange and blue daily bulletin
Alternate Title:
Orange and blue bulletin
Alternate Title:
Page of record
Place of Publication:
Gainesville Fla
Publisher:
the students of the University of Florida
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Daily except Saturday and Sunday (Sept.-May); semiweekly (June-Aug.)[<1964>-1973]
Weekly[ FORMER 1912-]
Weekly (semiweekly June-Aug.)[ FORMER <1915-1917>]
Biweekly (weekly June-Aug.)[ FORMER <1918>]
Weekly[ FORMER <1919-1924>]
Weekly (daily except Sunday and Monday June-Aug.)[ FORMER <1928>]
Semiweekly[ FORMER <1962>]
Weekly[ FORMER <1963>]
daily
normalized irregular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ; 32-59 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Gainesville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Alachua County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
Coordinates:
29.665245 x -82.336097

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 24, 1912)-v. 65, no. 74 (Jan. 31, 1973).
General Note:
Summer issues also called: Summer school ed., <1915>-1920 and again in 1923; summer issues also called: Summer ed., <1921>.
General Note:
Has occasional supplements.
Funding:
Funded by Van Dyke Endowment for the Libraries in support of teaching, research, acquisitions, preservation and programs in the Libraries

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright The Independent Florida Alligator. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000972808 ( ALEPH )
01410246 ( OCLC )
AEU8328 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027439 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Orange and blue
Succeeded by:
Independent Florida alligator

Full Text
Florida

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clarence
"Its A Lot of Fun,
8ut... Minstrels

Yeah, its a lot of fun but. .
This appeared to be the con consensus
sensus consensus of the New Christy Min Minstrels
strels Minstrels in regard to traveling about
the country playing to college
audiences.
In an interview with the Alligator
during Friday nights
intermission, the group took off
ties and shoes and sat around
tuning their instruments and
reminiscing about their fate as a
noted folksinging group,
Clarence Treat, from Big Flat,
Ark., leader of the group and one
of the original founders, said its
not always easy to keep the group
together.
It gets pretty tiresome hopping
around the country, riding on
buses, trains and commercial air airlines
lines airlines performing one night here
and then trying to catch some
sleep before the next town,**
After their show Friday night,
the group left by bus for Jackson Jacksonville
ville Jacksonville to catch a plane to Witchita,
Kan,, where they performed
Saturday night.
After a couple of years, indi individuals
viduals individuals get tired of doing this and
drop out of the act, bass player
Clarence said.
The group is incorporated and
owned by two men who are not
part of the act. Most members are
on one year contracts with the
option on the part of the corporation
to re-issue their contracts for two
years.
Karen Gunderson, thered theredhaired
haired theredhaired vocalist who has been with
the group for just over one year,
says she is just beginning to learn
how to sleep on a plane.
College audiences are fun to
play for, but I prefer night clubs.
At clubs you are stationary for a
while and it lets you have a chance
to be by yourself. We live our lives
together nearly 24 hours a day
and although everybodys a lot of
fun to be with, it does you good to
get away, Karen said.
Karen was a single-act singer
in Los Angeles before she was
asked to join the group.
This appears to be the way most
of the members joined.
The Hawaiian banjo player,
Larry Ramos, put it this way:
Well, I was singing night clubs
in Los Angeles when Randy

Vol. 57 No. 158

KAREN
Sparks (an original founder of the
group who has left) came up to
me after an act and said. How
would you like to make S2OO per
week on the road? and I said fine.
The members are on a
guaranteed annual income
arrangement.
Several members of the group
are married and some have
children.
Ann White the blond vocalist
just sort of dates around. Karen
dates Nick Woods, the long haired
singer-guitar player from Cali California.
fornia. California.
The group rarely goes to
fraternity parties or things like
that after performances. We do go
to some apartment parties but
not more than two or three,
Clarence said.
Usually we dont even do this
because we have a plane to catch
or we are just too damn tired,
he said.
If one of the members should
get sick and miss a performance,
for any length of time he or she
is out of the act. Its in our
contract, Karen said.
But besides the constant
traveling the members seem to
enjoy it.

MANY UF PAY RAISES APPROVED
No Regents Decision
On Trimester Question
By AL LEONARD
Executive Editor
(Courtesy St. Petersburg Times)

The Board of Regents yesterday approved salary increases for
most top UF officials, approved 1965-66 operating budgets and
postponed decision on what type of calendar will succeed the trimester.
UF President J. Wayne Reitz and FSU President John Champion
recommended adoption of two semesters of 17 weeks, with an eight eightweek
week eightweek summer session, to the board. The two university heads said
the semester plan had faculty support.

, University of South Florida
High School
Band Clinic
Begins at UF
Outstanding high school
musicians from Florida and
Louisiana began arriving at the
UF Sunday for the sixth annual
Gatorland Band Clinic.
The Universitys Department of
Music and General Extension Di Division
vision Division co-sponsor the week-long
clinic which will end Saturday
with a concert on the University
Auditorium lawn at 6:45 p.m. The
program is open to the public
without charge.
While on campus, students will
form a band for the study of out outstanding
standing outstanding music literature. They
also will receive group instruction
in sectional rehearsals and music
theory, headed by Department of
Music personnel.
Each clinic participant will be
in a small instrumental ensemble
coached by University band
members and music education
majors. Afternoon forums are
planned through Thursday with
Reid Poole, chairman of the
Department of Music, art profes professors
sors professors Eugene Grissom and Roy
Craven and music professors Rus Russell
sell Russell Danburg and Terence Small
as featured speakers.
A banquet Friday evening at 6:30
at the Student Service Center will
conclude the formal portion of the
clinic, followed by Saturdays con concert.
cert. concert.
(howdoesl
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Tuesday, July 20, 1965

President John Allen did not rec recommend
ommend recommend a plan for the 1966-67
school calendar.
Regents said they would take the
semester proposal under advise advisement,
ment, advisement, but want to know more
about the quarter system before
finally deciding.
Salary boosts for top UF per personnel
sonnel personnel ranged up to $4,000. Vice
President for Academic Affairs
Robert B. Mautz was raised from
$20,000 to $24,000 per year. Presi President
dent President Reitz* salary was increased
from $19,300 to $23,00 annually.
The following operating budgets
were approved for the 1965-66
academic year:
General Educations2o,24l,lsl
GENEYSYS 700,328
Health Center 10,661,338
Engineering and Industrial
Experiment Station4,oo9,ssl
Agriculture Science Institute Institute--12,306,722
--12,306,722 Institute--12,306,722

Chen Named Chairman for
Electrical Engineering Dept.

Dr. Wayne H. Chen, a veteran
of 13 years teaching experience
at the UF, Friday was named
chairman of the Department of
Electrical Engineering by Dean
Thomas Martin Jr. of the College
of Engineering.
The appointment of Dr. Chen
to the post fills the vacancy
created by the death of Dr. Mer Merwin
win Merwin J. Larsen several months ago.
Born in Soochow, China, in 1922,
Dr. Chen received his bachelors
degree in electrical engineering
from National Chiao Tung Uni University
versity University in China in 1944 and his
masters and doctoral degrees
from the University of Washing Washington
ton Washington in 1949 and 1952, respectively.
He taught engineering and
mathematics at the University of
Washington from 1947 until 1952
when he moved here to join the
engineering faculty.
Dr. Chen has made significant
contributions to the engineering
graduate programs at the UF,
introducing new courses,
modifying standard curricula and
coordinating graduate programs at
extension locations throughout the
state. He also has devoted con considerable
siderable considerable time and effort toward
improving undergraduate
curricula for the College of
Engineering, as well as for his
department.
Creator of the prediction
theory," he used it in one of his
recent textbooks, "Linear Net Network
work Network Design and Synthesis," to
unify the methods for

Auxiliary Budget 7,507,789
Working Capital Fupds
The following administration
salary raises were approved:
Presidentsl9,3oo to 23,000
Admin. Vice Pres. 19,500
to 22,500
Vice Pres, for Acad. Ass. ~
20,000 to 24,000
Dean of Students 17,000 to
19,000
Business Manager 16,750 to
17,500
Dean of Men 12,250 to 13,750
Dean of Women 11,750 to
13,000.
College dean raises ranged from
$750 to $4,500 increases (the Col College
lege College of Pharmacy dean was raised
from $15,500 to $20,000 per year).
The director of biological sci sciences,
ences, sciences, a new position, was granted
a $24,000 annual salary.

mr :
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CHEN
transfer-function synthesis. Dr.
Cnen also is the author of The
Analysis of Linear Systems,"
another comprehensive and signi significant
ficant significant textbook.
As a researcher and consultant
to the Bell Telephone Laboratories,
he was co-inventor of the semi semiconductor
conductor semiconductor logic system which is
utilized throughout the electronic
switching system the electronic
version of the telephone central
office for nationwide and inter international
national international communications.
Dr. Chen received the Out Outstanding
standing Outstanding Faculty Award" from
Florida Blue Key in 1960 and is
featured in American Men of
Science" and Whos Who in the
South and Southwest.



\ f The Florida Alligator, Tuesday July 20, 1965

Page 2

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VICE PRESIDENT Harry M. Philpott, right,
who leaves the UF next month to become
president of Auburn University Sept. 1, is
presented a special resolution of appreciation
from the Universitys Administrative Council
Tuesday by President J. Wayne Reitz. The
resolution cited Dr. Philpotts eight years
of service and leadership at the UF.

Regret Suspension of Head Start

The discontinuance of the Ala Alachua
chua Alachua County Head Start program,
necessitated by its suspension by
the federal government early this
week, brought complaints from
participants and staff alike.
The program, which has pro provided
vided provided culturally deprived pre preschool
school preschool children with classroom
instruction, field trips and medical
attention this summer, was sus suspended
pended suspended by the Office of Economic
Opportunity, the governmental
agency administering nation-wide
Head Start.
Suspension came as a result of
dissension between the Alachua
County School Board and govern government
ment government officials concerning inte integration
gration integration policies in the Alachua
County program.
According to Dr. Jack C. Evans,
head doctor in the Head Start
program for the county and medical
director of pediatrics at the uni university
versity university hospital, There were
white teachers teaching Negro
children and vice-versa, but the
classes themselves were segre segregated.
gated. segregated.

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Face it, baby. University Gardens offers
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Hotpoint appliances; wall-to-wall carpeting;
tile baths, patios and balconies; twin pools;
handball and tennis courts; limousine service
the half-mile to campus; barbecue pits and a
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Apparently, Evans said, the
people in Washington asked the
Head Start people here to do some
things in terms of integration which
they refused to do.
It is unfortunate for the
children that they are being caught
in something that they have nothing
to do with.
Only 361 of the 525 children
participating in the program had
been examined at the time of the
suspension.
Our plans now are to ask
Washington to give us enough
money to complete the follow-up
on the children we have already
examined. I think we'll probably
get this, but we can't even start
on the other children, Evans
said.
Although Head Start was
started in a hasty manner from
file government on down, the prin principles
ciples principles and aim of the program
were good and the discontinuance
of the services it provided has

Alumni Film Premiere Slated

By JANE YOUNG
Academic Affairs Editor
The premiere showing of Road
to the Moon will be presented
tomorrow night at 7:30 in the
Medical Sciences Building
Auditorium.
For the past three years the
Alumni Association has produced
feature films about the UF. Mir Miracle
acle Miracle on 13th Street,*' was last
year's film.
Road to the Moon features
the individual student during
his search for his way into the
future, a career, and a place in
the rapid growth of Florida,
according to its executive
producer, Harold Dillinger, UF
Alumni Association field
secretary.
Why the title? Come and see,
said Dillinger.
After the film's premiere on
campus it will be shown on nine
TV stations throughout Florida
in August. The stations have con contributed
tributed contributed public service time in
prime hours for the showing,
Dillinger said.
In conjunction with the showings,
Alumni Associations over the state
will hold 36 receptions for students
coming to the UF in the Fall.

brought many complaints from the
people involved, Evans said.
Alachua County School Board
officials are to meet with offi officials
cials officials of the Office of Economic
Opportunity in Washington some sometime
time sometime this week to determine the
fate of the Head Start program in
the county.
$58,500 Grant
Is Renewed
The Division of Radiological
Health of the U. S. Public Health
Service has renewed a training
grant under Dr. B. G. Dunavant,
UF acting director of nuclear
sciences and associate professor
of radiation biology in the College
of Medicine's Department
of Radiology.
The $58,504 one-year grant,
which was Tenewed for the fourth
year, will provide training leading
to a master of science degree in
radiation biophysics for graduate
students under Dr. Dunavant's
direction at the J. HilUs Miller
Health Center.

At the receptions, in addition
to viewing the film, new students
will have an opportunity to talk
to representatives of the UF There
will be a staff member and a stu student
dent student as official representatives at
each reception.
All UF students are invited to
the receptions Dillinger said.
Dillinger said the film was done
at the UF and by UF personnel
as much as possible. It features
students, faculty and staff mem members.
bers. members.
The script was written by Journ Journalism
alism Journalism Professor John Paul Jones,
with photography by Dwight Godwin
of the University Photographic
Services and narrated by Dr. Don
Fedderson, assistant director of
WUFT,
Among University personnel
appearing in the film are President
J. Wayne Reitz, Athletic Director
Ray Graves, Dr. Ernest Cox, Dr.
David Stryker, University College
Dean Byron Hollinshead, Dr.
George Wolff, Dr. H. T. Martin Jr.,
M. J. Landsman, and Dr. George
Spache.
A large number of students are
pictured in the film which will be
telecast throughout the state in
August in connection with a series

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of alumni receptions honoring new
students planning to attend the UF
next fall.
Students Bill Holt, PatDanforth
Diane Kelly and Tommy Tart were
appointed by Student Body,
President Bruce Culpepper to work'
with the producers of the film.
Dr. Pauly
To Teach Here
Dr. Herta Pauly, professor of
philosophy and religion, Upsala
College, East Orange, New Jersey,
will be visiting professor of re religion
ligion religion at the UF next year.
Dr. Pauly holds a PhJ). from
Columbia, and previously taught
at Vassar College. She is
competent in the fields of
aesthetics, comparative religion
and the history of philosophy.
Dr. Pauly will teach comparative
religion in the Department of
Religion and aesthetics in the
Department of Philosophy at the
UF.
Dr. Pauly appeared on two
Religion-in-Life Week Programs,
1960 and 1963, at the UF. She
brings to the University a vast
European cultural background.



1 HUMAN BRAIN IN FLINT
WAS ILLEGAL

I remember that human brain
on display when I first came to
the UF in 1930, related John
D. Kilby, associate professor of
Biological Sciences,
The origin of the brain, pre preserved
served preserved in formaldehyde, is clouded
with mystery. Displayed in a
comparative brain study on the
first floor of Flint Hall, the brain
came to the University when a state
statute prohibited the disection of
the human body.
The statute also prevented the
University from establishing a
medical school. So when the brain
went on display, it attracted a
great deal of attention,** said Kilby,
Many Gainesville mothers
brought their daughters to see the
display of the brain along with a
series of human embryos, in the
1930*5. Now, only the brain
remains,** continued Kilby.
I dont know how much longer
the brain will remain on display

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although the condition will remain
as it is now, indefinitely. The
only reason the brain is a little
frayed around the lining is that the
brain was a subject of a poor job
of dissection,** explained Kilby.
nicmcri
Be it hereby enacted by the £
Legislative Council that the £
% President of the Student Body %
S be required to personally de- £
$: liver an address on the pro- &
j§ gress and activities of Student
i-i: Government to the Legislative
Council at the beginning of $
£ each full academic term. £
The President shall make £
this address no later than the £
£ third Legislative Council £
|v meeting of each term. £
EIASSIFIEDS|

Boxer Trio Featured This Week

By REID POOLE, Chairman
UF Department of Music
Varied summer musical fare
continues this week, including an
outstanding jazz pianist and his
trio, an outdoor twilight band con concert,
cert, concert, and a senior piano recitalist.
Pianist Karl Boxer and his trio,
one of the fastest rising stars in
the jazz galaxy which contains
Brubeck, Previn, Garner, and
Peterson, is the final Lyceum
Council attraction of the summer.
Boxer plays tonight at 8:15 in
University Auditorium. Students
are admitted free on I. D. cards.
General admission is $2; UF
faculty, high school students, and
children sl.
RISING JAZZ ARTIST
Jazz pianist Karl Boxer is noted
for his ever-refreshing inventive inventiveness
ness inventiveness and for his cool contemporary
competence coupled with consum consummate
mate consummate taste. But, more important,
he never fails to be aware of, and
communicate directly with, his
audience. He does not leave his
listeners while he voyages on his
own private cloud; rather he takes
the listener along. It should be
an enjoyable jazz show.
OPERA TICKETS
Hansel and Gretel is thesum thesummer
mer thesummer opera production by the
Department of Music. Directed by
Sarah Traverse Turner, perform performances
ances performances are scheduled for the P. K.
Yonge School Auditorium for
Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday,
July 28, 29, and 30. Tickets are |
sl, all proceeds to go to the Cleva
J. Carson Memorial Music
Scholarship Fund. Ticket distribu distribution
tion distribution begins Wednesday, July 21,
at the Record Bar, 923 West
University Avenue, and Top Tunes
Record Simp, 1119 West University
Avenue. Tickets will also be
available afternoons, 2 to 5 p.m.
only, in Room 108 of the Music
Building.
TWILIGHT CONCERT
Some 80 high school students
from all parts of Florida will
perform in a twilight band concert
Saturday, July 24, at 6:45 p.m.,

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ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN IONIC CRYSTALS...Matt
INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL PHYSICS Slater
APPROACH TO ARCHAEOLOGY Piggot
GROWING UP ABSURD Goodman
EXISTENTIALISM & THE MODERN PREDICAMENT
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THE TRAGIC FINALE: AN ESSAY ON THE PHILOSO PHILOSOPHY
PHY PHILOSOPHY OF JEAN-PAUL SARTRE Desan
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Tuesdays July 20, 1965/ The Florida Alligator/

on the Plaza of the Americas. The
concert will climax the weeks
work by the high school musicians
attending the annual Gatorland
.Band Clinic. They are enjoying a
.concentrated exploratory experi experience
ence experience in music under faculty mem members
bers members of the UF Department erf
Music.
Their work Includes music
theory, band performance and
instrumental instruction in sec sectional
tional sectional rehearsals, performance in
a chamber music ensemble with
coaching by UF music students,
and lectures and forums on a
breadth of musical and cultural
subjects. In contrast to work, the
students enjoy swimming, dancing,
tonights jazz concert, a preview
of Hansel and Gretel, a tour of
the Universitys new Art Gallery
and Teaching Gallery, the tradi traditional
tional traditional banquet, and getting
generally acquainted with the UF.
The entire clinic and Saturdays
final gala concert is directed by
Richard W. Bowles, Director of
UF Bands, and his able associate,
Robert E. Foster.
Elaine Walbrick, a senior in the
music education curriculum at the
UF, will offer a piano recital
Thursday, July 22, at 8:15 p.m.,
in the Medical Center Auditorium,
Her concert is free and the general
public is cordially invited. Hie
program is presented in partial
fulfillment of requirements for the
bachelors degree in music
education,
Mrs. Walbrick will play Bachs
French Suite No. 5, in G Major,
Ravels Jeux dEau, and Chopins
Sonata in B Flat Minor, Opus 35.
Wins Scholarship
John S. Alton of Reddick, UF
engineering 'student has been
awarded a SSOO academic scholar scholarship
ship scholarship for the 1965-66 school year
from the Schlumberger Foundation
of Houston, Tex.
Alton is the son of Mr. and Mrs.
J. K. Alton of Reddick. Capt.
Clifton Iverson, executive secre secretary
tary secretary of the Foundation, announced
Alton as recipient of the scholar scholarship
ship scholarship because erf his outstanding
academic record at the University.

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JAZZ PIANIST
KARL BOXER and his
trio play tonight at 8:15
p.m. in University
Auditorium. UF stu students
dents students are admitted
free to this final
Lyceum Council
attraction of the
summer.
Dr. McLuhan
Will Lecture
Dr. Herbert Marshall McLuhan,
director of the Centre for Culture
and Technology at the University
of Toronto, will appear here
Friday, July 23, for apubliclecture
at 8:15 p.m. in McCarty Auditor Auditorium.
ium. Auditorium.
Dr. McLuhans talk, Electronic
Man and the End of the Neolithic
Age," originally was scheduled
March 25 but had to be postponed
because of sudden illness. It is
the fourth and last-- in a series
of lectures sponsored by the Uni University
versity University College to celebrate its
30th anniversary.
Dr. McLuhan received his doc doctorate
torate doctorate from Cambridge University
in 1942. He taught at the University
of Wisconsin, University of St.
Louis, Assumption University and
St. Michael's College in the
University of Toronto until he
accepted his current position at
Toronto.
The Canadian educator directed
a media project for the National
Association of Educational Broad Broadcasters
casters Broadcasters and the U. S. Office of
Education in 1959 and 1960
following a two-year chairman chairmanship
ship chairmanship of. a Ford Foundation seminar
on culture and communications
from 1953 until 1955.
Oft HbM£'BA
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Page 3



Page 4

, The Florida Alligator, Tuesday, July 20, 1965

E w*u. ALLIGATOR

Good Show
Last Friday night a gamble paid off for
Student Government and the student body
Several weeks ago Student Body President
Bruce Culpepper sat down with his Summer
Frolics Chairman Steve Gardner and decided
to have a big name act. They arranged to
have the New Christy Minstrels for $5,000 0
The odds were stacked against a success o
Never before had big name entertainment come
to campus during a summer term. They would
have to keep the ticket cost low in order to
please the students yet high enough to pay for
the group. $1.50 was decided upon.
This meant that if only students came, nearly
every student on campus would have to attend
to be able to break even.
At this point Gardner, along with able assists
from Ed Koren, took the reins and started
pushing tickets from Jacksonville to Orlando.
Hamburger stands were handing out poop
sheets plugging the venture; nearly every radio
station in northern Florida was giving out
tickets for identifying songs, etc. At newspaper
offices (including the Alligator) the two
appeared to be attempting a sit-in.
The show, as most students will agree, was
a success. Financially, it made a profit, which
went to Dollars for Scholars.
Projects like this should make students
hesitate before they jump to criticize Mickey
Mouse Student Government.
OK for Now
Despite a strong urge from the presidents
of the UF and FSU the Board of Regents chose
not to decide on-a semester plan for the UF
just yet.
Perhaps this is wise.
By all indication, the trimester system will
be history in September, 1966 The question
is which is better semester or quarter.
President John Allen of the University of
South Florida did not join Reitz and Champion
in promoting the 17-week semester plan. He,
too, seems undecided, promoting no plan of
his own.
The Board of Regents decision to examine
the virtues of the quarter system more
thoroughly before determining the course of
the state university system is one to be
respected. Their ultimate decision must be
ba*ed on adequate study.
But it would be unwise to procrastinate
to the extent that academic leaders are cramped
in their preparation for the 1966-67 academic
year. Such preparation is obviously a long longterm
term longterm operation, and higher education will be
hurt if proper planning is not made.
l Tr ll f!orSn*sGr l^sS!BTE?^fs^B l, R*!!se"theTyporsh!csl toneo?^!Tsyertseroens^ind
to or turn away copy which it cons Ida rs objectionable.
NO POSITION B GUARANTEED, though desired position will be given whenever possible.
Hm Florida Alligator will not consider adjustments of payment for any advertisement involving typ typographical
ographical typographical errors or erroneous insertion unless notice is given to the Advertising Manager within
(1) one day after edvertisement appears.
The Florida Alligator will not be responsible for more than one incorrect insertion of an advertisement
scheduled to run several times. Notices for correction must be given before next insertion.
THE FLORIDA ALLIGATOR is the official student newspaper of the University of Florida and is
five times weekly except during May, June and July when it is published semi-weekly. Only
editorials represent the official opinions of their authors. The Alligator is entered as second class

EDITOR:
The recent letters in the Florida
Alligator by Messrs Cross and
Arons, relative to the Bent Card
are, to say the least quite pathetic.
They are so full of false state statements
ments statements that I am not going to take
the time even to attempt any line lineby-line
by-line lineby-line rebuttal. They typify a sort
of mental illness which, to borrow
a phrase from Kierkegaard, may
even be a sickness unto death.*
For cynicism, which was the pre predominant
dominant predominant mood of both letters, is
a deadly disease. It was Oscar
Wilde who originated the cliche*
that a cynic is a person who knows
the price of everything and the
value of nothing and he should
know about it, for he was one of
them! His cynicism not only
killed him spiritually as it
always does unless checked in
time but it also led to his early
physical death.
There is a very serious problem
on nearly every college campus
today, and I am referring to the
impersonalization due at least
in part to the excessively large
classes. This discovery is not due
to Freedom Forum, or even to
Freedom Movement at Berkeley,
for college administrators have
been aware of it for years and
have been searching for a suitable
solution. If Freedom Forum, or any
other group, has a realistic answer
to this problem, I am sure they
would find a most attentive audi audience
ence audience in Tigert Hall. It so happens
that a subgroup of the local Chris Christian
tian Christian community (and possibly some
others) have recently shown enough
concern to make at least an attempt
to alleviate this condition, about
which there has been so much
student complaint. Thus was born
the Bent Card! While lam not a
Founding Father** of this group,
nor did I even hear of it until a
recent meeting of the Faculty
Christian Fellowship, I do know
this: It was organized and is being
operated by people who are con concerned
cerned concerned about the students, and are
trying at least to make a positive
contribution. Can one ask for
more? The activity is quite
experimental in its nature, and

Doesnt Understand Cross

EDITOR:
I find it difficult to locate the
exact cause of Lucien Cross*
anxiety about the recently opened
Bent Card coffee house.
He seems to attach ominous sig significance
nificance significance to the fact that President
Reitz was one of its financial sup supporters.
porters. supporters. As one of the initial
signers of a letter sent to many
in the community soliciting
support, financial and otherwise,
I see no cause for alarm in the
fact that he, together with other
members of the University staff
and students, has given financial
support or time.
It seems a bit ungracious to
propose that if students find here
an opportunity to discuss basic
problems and find or regain a
sense of their identity it will hap happen
pen happen inadvertently. The Bent
Card is the result of the concern
of many people at and near the
University to provide a setting
where students and faculty alike

OPINION

Defends Bent Card Idea

of course very flexible: its out outlook
look outlook may change very considerably
in the near future, according to
the needs and wishes of the
students, and the ideas of both
them and the sponsors.
Last Saturday night I made my
first visit to the Bent Card, accom accompanied
panied accompanied by one of its sponsors and,
to say the very least, I was most
agreeably surprised. By the goals
of Freedom Forum, it would pro probably
bably probably have been dubbed a failure:
for there were no revolts
organized, no protesters were in
evidence, and no marches on
Tigert were discussed. There were
present, however, an abundance
of college students who were
obviously having a good time
partly through the medium of group
singing and partly through friendly
discussions. Yes, and without the
use of alcoholic beverages! The
group did not consist of the
* 4 solitary* souls of which Mr.
Arons speaks, for the place was

EDITOR:
From the Pearly Gates, Home of
the 44 Great Nada:**
44 Ah, my little Fog, it is
time for You to go into the
World. Ye too shall Be given
a chance to emulate your
Master By joining your Big
Brother** at the University
of Florida; ye shall per perpetuate
petuate perpetuate The image that he has
created of me.**
Si Senor, I will perpe perpetrate.
trate. perpetrate. .**
Ye shall create a
Universal Organization To
combat disgruntlement; ye
shall be A sooth**-sayer
to all of your followers.
Si Senor, I will be a great
Masseur.**
You must fit in with the
others; Therefore, ye shall
call your organization Zeta
Beta Nada.
44 Si, Senor Nada.**
In the spirit of 44 4Naughti 4Naughtization*
zation* 4Naughtization* ** your Big Bro-

will have occasion to engage in
meaningful dialogue, as indi individuals,
viduals, individuals, despite the numerous
pressures here and in our society
generally, and also from within
the anxious individual, which make
him wish to conform to the group,
a depersonalized mass.
I am alarmed at the easy as assumption
sumption assumption that anything supported
by President Reitz or local
Churches or UF faculty must, by
definition, be a bone tossed to the
dogs, a hidden, sly, and subtle*'
effort on the part of the enemy,
the administration," to carry the
University toward authoritarian
depersonalization.*
It is ironic that students who
are so sensitive about the forces
tending to depersonalize their
existence here are so quick, in
turn, to depersonalize those in individuals
dividuals individuals who happen to be mem members
bers members of the administration or
faculty. For example, if Pres.
Reitz and various other individuals

AL LEONARD
Executive Editor

The Great Nada Speaks

DAVID A. WEST
Editor-in-Chief

ANDY MOOR
Sports Editor

packed beyond its capacity with
very active participants.
The Christian community and
I like to think that I may be in included
cluded included in it does not operate
on a basis of hatred, but rather
with love and understanding as its
prime motivation. While the letters
referred to above, were cynical,
rude, and without factual foun foundation,
dation, foundation, this Christian community
offers nothing in return but love,
charity, and concern for all
Yes, even and most especially for
the members of Freedom Forum,
I am certain that they would be
most welcome at the Bent Card.
They might even enjoy themselves
for a spell, by taking a vacation
from their protest movements,
and discover that the lonely,
atomistic** souls are more
frequently in the Freedom Forum
building than at the Bent Card.
JOHN T. MOORE,
Dept, of Mathematics

ther** has succeeded, and ye
shall Universalize his
Naughty** efforts.
Si Senor, I will be
Naughty*.**
Ye shall write a book as
your second Earthly act. Call
it 4 4 The Unmoved Mover
Shurgged,** and within its
contents ye ShaU make allu allusions
sions allusions to him who has Gone
before you by asking the
Question: Who is Harry
Philpott?
Si Senor, Who is Harry
Philpott?**
Yes, my little Fog, ye shall
leave me go then And
to whomever you meet ye
must Instill within them our
one commandment Which is
to view the world SubSpecia
Nada.**
And tlie pearly gates of heaven
closed; little Fogus descended to
earth to do Nothing, just as his
Master had commanded.
MICHAEL STERN, 4AS

are concerned about the loss of
identity on the part of students,
and sponsor a coffee house in order
to do something about it, these in individuals
dividuals individuals become sly forces",
they are automatically smeared
with the brush of depersonaliza depersonalization;
tion; depersonalization; they are the administra administration,"
tion," administration," or Tigert Hall.
It is possible that one reason
some students have become de depersonalized
personalized depersonalized is that they prefer
it that way. It is safer to surren surrender
der surrender one's individuality, to lose
one's identity in the ranks of con conformity
formity conformity whether to the bour bourgeois
geois bourgeois inanities of fraternity and
sorority life, or the perpetual re revolution
volution revolution of the freedom movement
- than to take one's stand as an
individual, whether inside or out outside
side outside the fraternity or freedom
movement or any other group, and
see and respond to other persons
as individuals, as separate
thous" rather than theys."
Richard H. Hiers



Academic Freedom: How Does UF Stand?

EDITOR'S NOTE: The fol following
lowing following article was published
this month in the University
of Florida Law Review, Vol Volume
ume Volume XVII, No. 4, and was
given the Lopez Award. This
award, given annually to the
best student article appearing
in the volume, entails a SSO
prize. The prize is made
possible by Judge Aquilno
Lopez, Circuit Judge, 16th
Judicial Circuit of Florida for
Key West. The winner is
chosen annually by a faculty facultystudent
student facultystudent committee. This
article was written in Nov November,
ember, November, 1964 by Mr. Jere
Lober, an executive editor
of the Law Review.
The University of Florida
Law Review holds the copy copyright
right copyright and has granted the
Alligator permission to
reprint. The footnotes are
omitted for purposes of re reprinting.
printing. reprinting.
Some
Definitions
Academic freedom is popularly
viewed as a subject of an extra extralegal
legal extralegal nature, but aspects of it are
finding their way into the courts
with increasing frequency. This
note is designed to convey a brief
understanding of the development
of the concept of academic free freedom,
dom, freedom, its modern history, and the
and the impact of the concept on
the public institutions of higher
education in the State of Florida.
No attempt will be made to discuss
the role of academic freedom in
the private schools. Throughout
the note reference is made to the
materials contained in three ap appendices.
pendices. appendices. The documents therein
have been reproduced in their en entirety,
tirety, entirety, not because all aspects of
them are inextricably woven into
the fabric of this note, but because
they are not readily available to
the general public, and a complete
reading of them is essential before
one can appreciate the progress
that has been made, at least on
paper, in the development of aca academic
demic academic freedom. A genuine effort
has been made to keep this work
free from emotionalism, but the
subject matter is controversial and
some of the conclusions drawn
necessarily reflect the predispo predispositions
sitions predispositions of the writer.
The concept of academic free freedom
dom freedom is a vague one at best, of un undefined
defined undefined limits and controlled by the
uncontrollable and unpredictable
currents of popular opinion. This
was recognized by the Florida Su Supreme
preme Supreme Court in Jones v. Board
of Control:
Nowhere in the briefs are
we supplied with a definition
of the term academic free freedom
dom freedom or the outer limits
thereof if any are recognized
to exist. This ... is quite
understandable for the simple
reason that in none of the
authorities mentioned and in
none of the authorities dis discovered
covered discovered by our own research
is the term given any defini definitive
tive definitive meaning.
In Kay v. Board of Higher Edu Education,
cation, Education, however, the court ven ventured
tured ventured a definition that found its
way into Words and Phrases:
Academic freedom' does not
roean academic license. It is free freedom
dom freedom to do good and not to teach
evil. This definition recognizes
two points: (1) the concept of ac academic
ademic academic freedom can be defined
only by words that themselves are
defined by current social opinion;
and (2) that academic freedom is
not without correlative responsi responsibility,
bility, responsibility, This latter point will re receive
ceive receive more attention later. Per Perhaps
haps Perhaps the most workable and
understandable definition was pro proposed
posed proposed by Love joy:

Academic freedom is the
freedom of the teacher or re research
search research worker in higher
institutions of learning to in investigate
vestigate investigate and discuss the
problems of his science and
to express his conclusions,
whether through publication or
in the instruction of students,
without interference from po political
litical political or ecclesiastical au authority,
thority, authority, or from the adminis administrative
trative administrative officials of the
institution in which he is em employed,
ployed, employed, unless his methods
are found by qualified bodies
of his own profession to be
clearly incompetent or con contrary
trary contrary to professional ethics.
The following definition was of offered
fered offered more recently by Professor
Fuchs:
Academic freedom is that
freedom of members of the
academic community, assem assembled
bled assembled in colleges and univer universities,
sities, universities, which underlies the
effective performance of their
functions of teaching, learn learning,
ing, learning, practice of the arts, and
research. . .It is not sought
as a personal privilege, al although
though although scholars enjoy the,
activities it permits, and the
tenure rights of faculty mem members,
bers, members, which are conferred
after a period of probation,
bestow economic security as
well as forestall restrictions
on freedom that might stem
from the power to dismiss.
Historical
Evolution
But definitions, in and of them themselves,
selves, themselves, are not sufficient. An
understanding of the present day
concept of academic freedom re requires
quires requires an analysis of its evolution evolutionary
ary evolutionary process, which has unavoidably
followed the pendulous ideals of
political and social philosophy.
The conception of academic
freedom which is dominant in
colleges and universities in
the United States today rests
mainly on three foundations:
(1) the philosophy of intel intellectual
lectual intellectual freedom, which orig originated
inated originated in Greece, arose again
in Europe, especially under
tlie impact of the Renaissance,
and came to maturity in the
Age of Reason;
(2) the idea of autonomy for
communities of scholars,
which arose in the universities
of Europe; and
(3) the freedoms guaran guaranteed
teed guaranteed by the Bill of Rights of
the federal constitution as
elaborated by the courts.
Since the first point outlined
above is self-explanatory, it will
not be discussed. Rather, it is
contended that the most powerful
historical influence on the concept
of academic freedom emanates
from German academic ideals of
the nineteenth century. The Ger German
man German university was a state
institution, but it enjoyed an au autonomy
tonomy autonomy over its intramural affairs
that allowed the free pursuit of
truth. Dominant philosophical
thought regarded the existence of
academic freedom as essential to
the existence of the university. It
was felt that without such freedom
the university could subsist in
name only. The autonomy granted
to the university created an atti attitude
tude attitude of self-reliance and indeed
the university became a virtual
self-governing institution. The
development of that atmosphere
was encouraged by the political
and religious climate of the times.
The German state was unified as
the result of a surge of nationalis nationalistic
tic nationalistic spirit, and the church and state
had removed their arm of control
from the academic community.
The German philosophy can best

be described by its own termi terminology.
nology. terminology. Lernfreiheit (student
freedom) and Lehrfreiheit(pro Lehrfreiheit(professor
fessor Lehrfreiheit(professor freedom) were the basic
concepts involved. The student had
an unrestricted choice of the
courses of study he wished to
pursue. He was free to lead his
own private life limited only by
the requirement that he submit to
comprehensive final examinations.
Lehrfreiheit entitled the pro professor
fessor professor to follow his own thoughts,
and allowed him to pursue chan channels
nels channels of inquiry dictated only by his
own desires. So long as the pro professors
fessors professors activities remained
within the bounds of the university
he enjoyed almost absolute free freedom.
dom. freedom. He was free to publish his
conclusions in oral or written
form, the only requirement being
that his conclusions be supportable
by reason. The German professor,
however, was severly limited in
his extramural activities in that
loyalty to the church and nation
was demanded, and agitation for
political change outside the class classroom
room classroom was not permitted. Thus the
concept of academic freedom as
it existed in Germany clearly had
its limitations.
Development
In U.S.
Academic freedom in the United
States has compromised the two
extremes of the academic freedom
of nineteenth century Germany by
relaxing the control of the profes professor
sor professor in his extramural activities,
and restricting the professor in
his intramural activities. The
basic German philosophy, how however,
ever, however, that autonomy is necessary
for academic freedom, and that
academic freedom is necessary to
the maintenance of more than a
nominal university, is still the
theme upon which the advocates of
academic freedom build their ar arguments.
guments. arguments. But it is also recognized
today, and agreed upon by most
commentators that absolute auton autonomy
omy autonomy is undesirable: Academic
freedom, in addition, has its cor correlative
relative correlative in academic responsibility
in the use of freedom, which there
may or may not be recognized
means of enforcing against faculty
members.lt is thus seen that self selfdiscipline
discipline selfdiscipline by professors is re regarded
garded regarded as insufficient to achieve
the ends desired by the modern
university. The question whether
these ends are always meritorious
is not within the scope of this note.
A degree of institutional auton autonomy
omy autonomy is both desirable and
necessary to an atmosphere of
academic freedom, but the heart
of the matter is the instructor.
He must be regarded not as an
organ of the university, but as an
individual. As aptly stated by Pro Professor
fessor Professor Fuchs:
Notwithstanding the in increasingly
creasingly increasingly broad reach of
academic freedom and the
current emphasis on the es essentiality
sentiality essentiality of autonomy for ac academic
ademic academic institutions, the free freedom
dom freedom of individual faculty
members against control of
thought or utterance from
either within or without the
employing institutions re remains
mains remains the core of the matter.
If this freedom exists and
reasonably adequate academic
administration and methods of
faculty selection prevail, in intellectual
tellectual intellectual interchange and
pursuit of knowledge are se secured.
cured. secured. A substantial degree of
institutional autonomy is both
a usual prerequisite and a
normal consequence of such a
state of affairs. Student free freedom
dom freedom will follow unless,
indeed, individual faculty
members or departmental
groups are permitted to
tyrannize over particular stu-

Tuesday, July 20, 1965, The Florida Alligator/

dents, as occasionally hap happens.
pens. happens. Hence the main concern
over developing and maintain maintaining
ing maintaining academic freedom in this
country has been focused upon
encouragement and protection
of the freedom of the faculty
member. Institutional auton autonomy,
omy, autonomy, constitutional freedoms,
and the basic ideology of in intellectual
tellectual intellectual freedom have been
invoked mainly to this end.
In the United States pressure
has been applied to the university
professor from various sources.
Usually originating outside the ac academic
ademic academic community, these pres pressures
sures pressures have made themselves felt
through laws passed by the state
legislatures and through direct ef efforts
forts efforts exerted against the univer university
sity university administrations. It has been
considered illegal in parts of this
country to teach Darwins theory
of evolution because it supposedly
conflicted with the ecclesiastical
view. University administrations
have been pressured to prevent
their faculty from teaching that
the United States Supreme Court
enunciated the law of the land in
civil rights cases. Textbooks have
been attacked because they ex expounded
pounded expounded doctrines not in accord
with the beliefs of the politicians
at the time. At first the pressures
that resulted in these incidents
were the product of demands for
religious conformity; later they in involved
volved involved objections to the economic
or political views of faculty mem members.
bers. members. Most recently, nonconform nonconforming
ing nonconforming utterances in matters of sex,
or literary works which have been
deemed offensive, have produced
faculty dismissals raising issues
of freedom.
In 1915, the American Associa Association
tion Association of University Professors was
organized. It is largely through the
efforts of this organization that a
more concrete basis for academic
freedom has been established in
this country.
In this century, particular particularly
ly particularly since the advent of the
American Association of Uni University
versity University Professors in 1915,
great Importance has been at attached
tached attached to the concept of aca academic
demic academic freedom as an essential
attribute of a socially useful
and intellectually healthy uni university
versity university community. The AAUP
recognized from the beginning
that professors must be pro protected
tected protected from arbitrary and pun punitive
itive punitive discharges in order to
assure freedom of research
and teaching. Academic tenure
has been rightly considered to
be the handmaiden to academic
freedom, and since its incep inception
tion inception the A AUP has encouraged,
with increasing success, the
adoption of tenure plans in
American universities. These
plans, generally speaking,
prohibit the discharged of ten tenured
ured tenured professors except for
proper causes and after a
hearing.
In 1940 the AAUP issued a state statement
ment statement of principles on academic
freedom and tenure. This state statement
ment statement is considered to be the most
authoritative expression of the
concepts of academic freedom and
tenure to be submitted to date. It
is reproduced in full in Appendix I
to this note; a reading of the state statement
ment statement at this point will enable the
reader to follow the ensuing dis discussion
cussion discussion with a more adequate back background.
ground. background.
The Bill of Rights of the United
States Constitution, as interpreted
with increasing liberality by the
United States Supreme Court,
forms the legal basis for academic
freedom in this country. Os pri primary
mary primary concern are the protections
afforded by the first and fourteenth
amendments, more particularly
the guarantees of freedom of
speech and association, and. the

due process clause. The impor importance
tance importance of the legal recognition of
academic freedom can readily be
understood:
The performance of this
function of seeking new truths
will sometimes mean, as it
has repeatedly meant since the
beginnings of modern science,
the undermining of widely or
generally accepted beliefs. It
is rendered impossible if the
work of the investigator is
shackled by the requirement
that his conclusions shall
never seriously deviate either
from generally accepted be beliefs
liefs beliefs or from those accepted
by the persons, private or of official,
ficial, official, through whom society
provides the means for the
maintenance of universi universities
ties universities ....
(Students) are entitled to
learn the contemporary sit situation
uation situation in each science, the
range and diversity of opinion
among specialists in it; it is
not the pedagogic province of
the university to acquaint stu students
dents students merely with facts of
common knowledge and with
opinions accepted by the gen general
eral general public or the donors of
endowments.
The above comments were writ written
ten written over thirty years ago, and al although
though although the American Association
of University Professors was es established
tablished established almost fifty years ago,
there remains a noticeable lack of
cases dealing with academic free freedom.
dom. freedom. Indeed, until recently the
reporters were virtually devoid of
cases even approaching the many
facets of the problem. Professor
Murphy has given three factors that
he feels account for this situation.
First, he states, the academic
world has not sufficiently educated
the rest of the populace as to the
purpose, need, and importance of
academic freedom . .. It is not
surprising that a freedom which is
valued so little by so many of its
beneficiaries is accorded little
respect by others. Professor
Fuchs is in accord with this atti attitude:
tude: attitude:
Also badly needed is greater
consciousness within the ex expanded
panded expanded academic community
of the importance of academic
freedom and of its exercise.
The numerous faculty mem members
bers members who are content to per perform
form perform their specialized work
in a manner conducive tp plea pleasant
sant pleasant personal relations and to
public Inconspicuousness con contribute
tribute contribute little to the ends for
which freedom exists.
Secondly, Professor Murphy con concludes
cludes concludes that academic freedom is
almost invariably invoked by or
in behalf of some persona or causa
non grata. The third reason he
gives is the failure of the aca academic
demic academic com munity to vigorously and
collectively press these claims be before
fore before the courts. Many educators
have discounted the law as a source
of protection for academic free freedom.
dom. freedom. This maybe the result, rather
than the cause, of the numerous in instances
stances instances in which teachers have
gone to court and lost.
The 1950*8, however, brought
several cases to the United States
Supreme Court that directly con concern
cern concern the concept of academic free freedom.
dom. freedom. In the first of these cases,
Adler v. Board of Education, the
Court upheld the constitutionality
of New Yorks Feinberg Law, which
required that persons who advo advocated
cated advocated the overthrow of the Govern Government
ment Government by force, or knowingly be belonged
longed belonged to an organization teaching
this doctrine, be prohibited from
teaching in New Yorks public
school system. In his dissenting
opinion, Jusice Douglas stated that
academic freedom fell within a
constitutionally protected area:
(Continued on P. 7)

Page 5



Page 6

i, The Florida Alligator/ Tuesday, July 20, 1965

GATOR CLASSIFIEDS

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satire and plain old belly-laughs
are now available to you.
Playboy cartoonist Don Addis
fy) can now be found in a bound
volume. Buy one for 50 cents and
let him out. Come to Room 9 of
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GREAT BUY on furniture. 1 large
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noon. afternoon. (A-158~3t-c).
PURE-BRED Chocolate-seal point
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PERSON to drive car to Chicago
on August 1. Expenses paid. FR
2-5832. (C-156-3t-c).
services
RUBYS ALTERATIONS. 1238 SW
3rd Avenue. Phone 6-8506. (M (M---158-lt-c).
--158-lt-c). (M---158-lt-c).
IRONING DONE IN MY HOME.
Call FR 6-4086. (M-149-it-c).
IN A HURRY? Passport* and
application photos. Call Westley-
Roosevelt Studios. 372-0300. (M (M---153-ts-c).
--153-ts-c). (M---153-ts-c).
I > YAMAHA BI
MOTORCYCLES I
For The Discriminating I
CYCLERAMA I
32^ B 2M£2ndPlJ
ALLIANCE
TV SERVICE
Fast, Expert Service
on all makes
TELEVISION
RADIO
STEREO
10% DISCOUNT
on parts to all
U of F students
817 W. Univ Ave
Phone^376^9ss_

autos
6O CORVAIR. 4 door, automatic
transmission. Heater. A real buy
at $475. Call FR 2-5625 after 5
p.m. (G-158-tf-nc).
1964 VW 1500, 6,600 miles.
Brought in from Spain, $1875.1961
T-Bird, fully equipped, $1450.376-
0906. (G-158-3t-c).
1957 BUICK Century, 2-door, S3OO.
56 Olds, radio and heater, $350.
376-0906% (G-158-3t-c).
- -
1960 SI MCA. Good condition.
Phone 376-8130. (G-158-3t-c).
'65 GTO fully equipped.3soo miles.
Must sacrifice. Take over pay payments
ments payments or cash. Call after 5:30.
378-1124. (G-158-2t-c).
1957 VW sedan, new tires, heater
and radio. Engine in good condition.
$275 or best offer. 1518 NW 4th
Ave., Apt. F. (G-158-3t-c).
LEAVING COUNTRY, Selling
classic XK-140 Jaguar roadster.
White with red interior. C. Head,
wire wheels, radio and heater.
Excellent condition. 378-1119. (G (G---1
--1- (G---1 3t-c).
1962 MG MIDGET, Red. Radio,
heater, new white wall tires. MUST
SELL NOWI Good condition. S9OO.
FR 8-2105 after 2 p.m. (G-157-
3t-c).
1963 ENGLISH FORD COUNSUL.
Low miles. Sharp condition. Must
sell. SBSO. Call FR 2-3251 after
6 p.m. (G-155-ts-c).
personal
TEN A FAFARD would like to
inform all her friends she is now
with Rame, 319 W. Univ. Avenue,
Phone 372-5549. Specializing in
hair coloring, cutting natural curly
hair, also specializes in childrens
hair cuts. (J-157-ts-c).
RIDER WANTED to Boca Raton
area at end of trimester. Contact:
Arnold M. Kramer, P. O. Box
#541, East Palatka, Florida 32031.
(J-157-3t-c).
-
STUDENT SPECIALS noon and
night, 7 days a week, 975. Meal
tickets available at 10% discount,
Longs Cafeteria downtown
between the theatres. (J-153-ts-p).
SUBURBIA
DRIVE-IN THEATRE
NW 13th St., 372-9523
STARTS TOMORROW
j WALT biSNEYS |
j nEfUST;
ACHIEVEMENT!:
ANDREWS -VAN DYKE
TECHNICOLOR*

^
for rent
LARGE ROOM, Air-conditioned,
private bath. Other room double or
single, share bath. Quiet home for
graduate students. 105 NW 7th
Terrace. 372-0809. (B-157-3t-p).
KIRKLAND APARTMENTS.
Rooms for male students. See
Tuesday or Thursday afternoons or
weekends at 1602 NW Ist Avenue.
Contact Jim Hodge, FR 6-9345.
(B-157-ts-c).
APARTMENT Completely furn furnished.
ished. furnished. One bedroom, swimming
pool, all electric kitchen, central
heat, air-conditioning. S9O per
month. Available immediately.
Couple preferred. 372-3826. (B (B---127-ts-c).
--127-ts-c). (B---127-ts-c).
SMALL FURNISHED CCB cottage.
Bedroom, electric kitchen, tile
shower. Linda Ann Court, south
on Ocala Road. 376-5826. (B (B---158-3t-nc).
--158-3t-nc). (B---158-3t-nc).
FURNISHED Apartment, 4 bed bedroom,
room, bedroom, 1 bath. Air-conditioned. 220
SE 7th St. $l5O per month. Ideal
for 5 students. 372-0481, Mr.
Kaplan. Please phone after 9 p.m.
(B-156-st-c).
FURNISHED Apartment, 2 bed bedroom,
room, bedroom, 1 bath. Downtown location.
Ideal for 3 or 4 students. SIOO
per month year round. 372-0481,
Mr. Kaplan. Please phone after
9 p.m. (B-156-st-c).
SMALL Furnished house with 2
bedrooms and bath. Green alum,
siding, 1954 NW 34th Ave. $75 per
month. Call FR 2-3251 after 6
p.m. (B-155-ts-c).
3 BEDROOM HOUSE, 2 bedroom
duplex, furnished. Large rooms,
air-conditioners. Close in, quiet
neighborhood. 12 months lease.
References. 6-6494. (B-158-3t-c).
2 ROOM SUITES, motel type, furn furnished.
ished. furnished. 1 block from campus. Re Refrigerator,
frigerator, Refrigerator, no kitchen. 2 semester
lease. 6-6494. (B-158-3t-c).
3 BEDROOM, 2 bath Lake Cottage,
air-conditioned. 2 trimester lease,
SBS/month. 372-0481, Mr. Kaplan,
after 9 p.m. (B-158-3t-c).
AIR CONDITIONED HOUSES
LEASING NOW FOR SEPTEMBER
3 or 4 males or females. Call
Charlie Mayo, FR 6-4471, Mary
Moeller Realty. (B-156-6t-c).
TCUT.TK

for rent
DESIRABLE 2 ROOM SUITE. 3
blocks north of Baptist Student
Center. Utilities furnished,
connecting bath. Private entrance.
Cool and quiet. Phone 376-2072.
(B-158-lt-c).
AVAILABLE NOW UNTIL
SEPTEMBER Ist with reduction
in rent. Small 1 bedroom
furnished apartment. Water
furnished. Near campus. FR 6-
8819. (B-157-2t-c),
real estate
i
4 BEDROOM, 2 bath, double car carport,
port, carport, built-in range and oven.
Seller to pay all closing cost.
Only $450 down, only $96.98 per
month.lo6 NW 38th Terr. 372-
0481, Mr. Kaplan for appointment
to show. Please phone after 9
p.m. (1-156-st-c).
CAROL ESTATES Air
conditioned, 2 bedroom, 1 bath,
screened porch, central heat. S4OO
cash, $93/month. 1942 NE 16th
Terr. Phone 372-5893. (1-157-
ts-c).
BUILT-IN Kitchen, 3 bedroom,
1 1/2 bath, CCB, terazzo floors.
Corner lot. Best offer and assume
FHA mortgage. 1446 NE 21st Ave.
376-1435. (I-157-4t-c).
M
WHY PAY RENT? Own your own
duplex. Live in one side and rent
from other side pays mortgage
payment. Perfect for college
couple who will be here 2 years
or more. We have several with
flexible terms. Call Wayne Mason
c/o Ernest Tew Realty, 376-6461.
(I-155-6t-c).
HOUSE FOR SALE OR RENT.
124 SE 39th Street. No down
payment. FR 6-3668. (I-154-ts-c).
1011 W. Univ., 2 blocks from I
;am pus where students meet I
MCMMOFn.MWftrSMCtfN'
EUZABETH TAYLOR
RICHARD BURTON
EVA MARE SAMT
N *ORTIH*aNSOOrF S *^OOuCTION
JpBI
IN WkHAVtS.ON* AHO rTOCOtO*

lost & found
.....
LOST: Black umbrella with red
and silver markings on black
handle. Call M. Jacobs, 2-9177.
(L-158-lt-p).
help wanted
CASHIERS: If you have had
experience as a cashier and in interested
terested interested in part-time or full-time
work. Contact FLORIDA BOOK
STORE, W. University Avenue.
Phone 376-6066. (E-156-3t-c).
SECRETARY WANTED. Due to
graduation, one of our better
secretaries will be leaving and we
will need a replacement around
August 7th. Replacement must be
well-founded in shorthand and
typing and willing to apply self
to job. Above average salary for
experienced secretary. Will fill
position with first qualified appli applicant.
cant. applicant. Write or phone for interview.
Scruggs & Carmichael, 3 SE Ist
Ave. 376-5242. (E-152-10t-c).
LAST
today
ALEC GUINNESS
lliuie jjPl
Features 1,3,5,7,9-JMr
STARTS WEDNESDAY j
B /A
TBDMKTS *3*^*7*9



ACADEMIC FREEDOM

I (Continued From P. 5)
% The Constitution guarantees
fl freedom of thought and ex ex:|
:| ex:| pression to everyone in our
9 society. All are entitled to it;
9 and none needs it more than
the teacher
9 where suspicion fills the air
and holds scholars in line for
Isl fear of their jobs, there can be
II no exercise of the free Intel Intel!
! Intel! lect. ..
S This system of spying and
surveillance with its accom-
S panying reports and trials
m cannot go hand in hand with
academic freedom. It pro proll
ll proll duces standardized thought,
11 not the pursuit of truth. Yet
B it was the pursuit of truth
which the First Amendment
J§ was designed to protect.
in 1957, the Court decided Sweezy
v. New Hampshire. The New Hamp Hamp
Hamp shire Attorney General had been
conducting an investigation to de def|
f| def| termine the presence of subver subver
subver sives in the state. Sweezy was
| questioned in this investigation
9 and answered most questions, in ina
a ina eluding whether he was a Com-
I munist. He refused, however, to
I answer questions relating to the
I contents of a lecture he delivered
1 at the University of New Hamp-
I shire and questions relating to his
I knowledge of the activities and
I membership of the Progressive
I Party of the state. Sweezy based
H his refusal to answer on his rights
under the first amendment, rather
than on his privilege against self selfincrimination,
incrimination, selfincrimination, asserting that the
questions were not pertinent to the
investigation. He was adjudged
guilty of contempt when he refused
to answer the same questions at
the direction of a state court. This
judgment was affirmed by the New
Hampshire Supreme Court. The
United States Supreme Court re reversed
versed reversed the judgment in a six-to-two

(TO BE CONCLUDED IN NEXT ISSUE)
SWEEPING I
REMINDER
I je
AT YOUR HOUSE? JBk\
Moving away or into jWImMI IBMSL
Household goods and fjjjtlj
furniture to be sold? j
Don't want to waste 1
Final Classified! Deo
at Noon, July 27, 1965

decision, holding that Sweezys
rights under the due process clause
of the fourteenth amendment had
been violated. Although there was
no majority opinion, Chief Justice
Warren announced the opinion of
four members of the Court in including
cluding including Justice Douglas. The
opinion of the Chief Justice reads
with a tone very similar to Justice
Douglas* dissent in Adler:
We believe that there un unquestionably
questionably unquestionably was an invasion
of petitioners liberties in the
areas of academic freedom
and political expression
areas in which government
should be extremely reticent
to tread.
The essentiality of freedom
in the community of American
universities is almost self selfevident.
evident. selfevident. No one should under underestimate
estimate underestimate the vital role in a
democracy that is played by
those who guide and train our
youth. To impose any strait
jacket- upon the intellectual
leaders in our colleges and
universities would imperil the
future of our Nation. No field
of education is so thoroughly
comprehended by man that new
discoveries cannot yet be
made. Particularly is that true
in the social sciences, where
few, if any, principles are ac accepted
cepted accepted as absolutes. Scholar Scholarship
ship Scholarship cannot flourish in an at atmosphere
mosphere atmosphere of suspicion and
distrust. Teachers and stu students
dents students must always remain free
to inquire, to study and to e evaluate,
valuate, evaluate, to gain new maturity
and understanding; otherwise
our civilization will stagnate
and die.
Thus the concept of academic free freedom
dom freedom now appears to be sheltered
under the protective umbrella of
the first amendment as applied to
the states by the fourteenth amend amendment.
ment. amendment.

Air Pollution Under Study

Air pollution, a problem of
immediate concern to the nations
community and industrial leaders
is getting a thorough examination
these days by researchers at the
UF.
Eight current projects deal with
air pollution. Federal agencies
such as the U. S. Public Health
Service sponsor some work; other
studies are supported by Florida
industries.
Dr. Charles I. Harding, civil
engineering professor and re research
search research expert in the Universitys
air pollution laboratory, points
out Florida has some distinct pol pollution
lution pollution headaches. Chief among
these is the release of sulphur
dioxide into the air.
Unlike most states, many
Florida firms use a lot of fuel
oil for power generation, Dr.
Harding explains. Supplies of coal
and natural gas arent easily
accessible. In addition, a number
of chemical plants manufacture
sulphuric acid. Both of these
processes release sulphur dioxide.
Another problem is the odor
released by chemicals used in the
pulp and paper industry, he
continued. The chemicals, along
with heat and pressure, are used
to dissolve the connective
tissue between the ceUulose fibers
when the wood is cooked.
Dr. Harding predicts automobile
exhaust fumes will add to the
states current woes in the near
future as metropolitan areas ex expand.
pand. expand. Air pollution causes exten extensive
sive extensive damage to vegetation and
house paint and health officials say
it can produce chronic bronchitis.
Dr. Harding says private citi citizens
zens citizens still file the most complaints.
He emphasizes that city officials
can help to clear up the problem
of burning at dumps by building
and properly operating an inciner incinerator
ator incinerator plant or using a suitable land
refill method.
Cooperation to solve industrial
pollution has been increased. An
example is Jacksonville where city
and Duval County officials joined
with an air improvement associ association,
ation, association, made up of 11 industries,
to attack the situation.
They asked the UF for technical
assistance and the project is now
under way. The UF has provided
an air pollution station in Jackson Jacksonville
ville Jacksonville and a monitoring system is
being perfected to detect the
sources of pollution.

Calling All BOYS and GIRLS
* ELEMENTARY-JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL AGE (3-16) ff
BRIARCUFF |||§
Day Camp Special Rates: 1 I
Excellent Year-Round f r n *ly ant^
Camp Facilities Weekly Campers
350 acres of rolling countryside CALL 466-3151
* Complete comp program with NANCY JANE WILSON
qualified instructors (formerly of Nancy
Olympic swimming pool, horseback ** ane N ur * r Y School'
riding, canoeing, sailing, tennis, CDEE P*CK-UP &
archery, volleyball, softball, basket' KEE DELIVERY
boll, football, hayrides, handcrafts.
Red Cross Swim Program for All-Day Campers
| HOURS Ba.m. tosp.m.^
Monday-Saturday Program .Offered

Tuesday, July 20, 1965/ The Florida Alligator,

Dr. Harding says researchers
need to find an4iltimate answer
that will prevent the original
discharge of polluted substances
into the air. Costs are consider considerable,
able, considerable, however, and the new method
must be economically feasible so
smaller firms can afford to utilize
it.
Because sulphur dioxide is in insoluble,
soluble, insoluble, it cant be absorbed or
washed out in the industrial
process.
Dr. Harding says some plants
have built their stacks higher in
order to correct the difficulty.
Once the polluted air reaches an
inversion rate level in its ascent,
the material floats back to earth.
This happens when the relatively
cool atmosphere suddenly warms,
becoming hotter than the rising
air and forcing it down.
An Ohio company increased its
stack height from 125 to 475 feet
thus avoiding the inversion rate
and releasing the polluted parti particles
cles particles at a higher level where they
continue to rise. The new stack,
however, cost $750,000 much
too expensive for small industries.
Researchers, meanwhile, con continue
tinue continue their hunt for an effective
and economical remedy for
cleaning up the atmosphere.

''
1 <^^nE9S&|l
1 MBay M ; : ml
..;.Mj HttjjgH I
SAMPLING FOR DUST from an asphalt
)lant in Jacksonville is one of the tasks assigned
;o workers from the UF*s air pollution station
in that city.
m H^ ,Ti
Am. MK elementary:
The Most Student-Minded Businessmen
ADVERTISE IN THE FLORIDA ALLIGATOR

fl Hk I
vNp l IK jH
B K
DR. ROBERT S.
SHOLTES, foreground,
UF associate profes professor
sor professor in civil engineer engineering
ing engineering and Jim Hourihane,
engineering assistant
in the air pollution la laboratory
boratory laboratory at Jack Jacksonville.
sonville. Jacksonville.

Page 7



i, The Florida Alligator, Tuesday, July 20, 1965

Page 8

Caqers in Thick of SEC Race

Over the trimester break, the
Gators* basketball forces kept busy
and continued their winning ways.
In the Gator Bowl basketball tourn tournament
ament tournament in Jacksonville, Coach
Norman Sloans troops romped to
their fifth championship and second (
in succession.
- In the opening round, UF took 1
the measure of Wake Forest 85-65. 1
The final game saw the Gators
smash the Texas Longhorns by a
62-49 count. Gary Keller starred
in both games and the slender
forward took MVP honors for the
tourney with him back to Gaines Gainesville.
ville. Gainesville.
The Gators opened the South Southeastern
eastern Southeastern Conference (SEC) schedule
against the Green Wave of Tulane
on Jan. 2. Forward Dick Tomlinson
opened the New Year for the Orange
and Blue with 22 markers in leading
UF to a 85-53 pasting of the
Greenies. Three days later, UF
drubbed ISU 104-62 for its biggest
scoring output of the season.
On Saturday, Jan. 9, the Gators
fell before the hands of Auburn
and Tiger forward Lee DeFore in a
74-63 win. UF remained in the
game until the late stages. The
Gators now stood 7-3 overall and
2-1 in SEC play. But as the
Alligator sports page reported,
Hammer Is
Third 65
All-America
Laurie Hammer, captain of the
*65 Gator golf team has been named
to the first team All-America
squad.
The six-member team was
headed by two University of
Houston players, including Marty
Fleck man, the NCAA champ.
Hammer becomes the third first
team All-America for UF this
athletic year. Others to achieve
the high honor were Larry Dupree,
football, and Tom Dioguardi
swimming.
Hammer finished tenth in the
NCAA tourney earlier this sum summer
mer summer after being in title contention
until the final days action.
The 22-year-oldSarasotanplans
to join the professional tour after
he completes the summer term.
I HULLS
I BRAKE
I SERVICE
I & SUPPLY
I COMPLETE BRAKE
SERVICE ON ALL
AMERICAN AND
FOREIGN CARS.
* 10,000-MILE OR
ONE-YEAR GUA-
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* WHEEL BALANCING.
I REBUILT GENERA-
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I EXPERT TRANED
MECHANICS HERE
I TO SERVE YOU.
I MembeTof
Independent Garage
Owners of America, Inc.
1314 So Main St
1^3721497^

FOURTH OF A SERIES

the Gators had failed to win on the
road as yet.
On Thursday, Jan. 14, UF*s
roundballers ended the jinx, dump dumping
ing dumping the Miss. State Bulldogs 74-
59. Keller put in 20 points for the
Gators, followed by Brooks
Henderson with 14. Hendersons
backcourt companion, Tom Baxley
chipped in with 10 while centei
Jeff Ramsey chalked up 9 tallies.
Continuing their winning ways
on the road, Sloans charges beat
Mississippi 60-39 in a game
marred by over-anxious elbows
and considerable bumping under
the boards. Ole Miss tried early
to slow down the game by freezing
the ball, but the higher caliber
players of the Gators told the
difference. Sophomore Ramsey
hit for his best total of the season,
19, many of which came early to
keep the unusually cold-shooting
Gators in contention. Tomlinson
was the only other Gator in double
figures with 11 markers.
At this stage of the battle, the
Gators had a 9-3 overall record
and a 4-1 SEC slate. This placed
UF third behind Auburn (5-0) and
Vanderbilt (4-0) in the confer conference
ence conference standings.
The Gators came home on Jan.
22 for a non-conference battle with
Miami. The Magic City crew had
earlier in the season handed the
Gators a 67-58 defeat. A packed
house at Florida Gym urged UF
on and the hoopsters' responded
with a 86-69 stompipg.The Hurri Hurricanes
canes Hurricanes talented forward, Rick
Barry was kept off-balance by a
tough Gators defense and connected
on only 8 of 25 from the floor.
He ended as his teams high man
with 26 points, 11 below his season
average.
Tomlinson led the Gators with 21
markers, and Ramsey poured 16
points through the nets to raise
UFs season mark to 10-3.
Back into SEC play on the fol following
lowing following Saturday, Sloans troops
met an unusually impotent Ken Kentucky
tucky Kentucky squad at Gainesville. The
Gators hadnt beaten the defending
SEC champs or their coach Adolph
Rupp in 31 years. A sectional
television audience beheld an 84-
68 Gator triumph.
UF used its superior height to

Steak
Larrys
Large Del Monico,
TUESDAYS Baked Potatoes
Tossed Salad
STEAK NIGHT 5-9 P.M. Hot Buttered Rolls
$1.07
JUST 1/2 BLOCK FROM CAMPUS
LARRY'S
RESTAURANT
1225 W. University Ave.

GATOR YEAR IN REVIEW

i w \ jMKm HP* d9L%di i pitti^s pitti^s?
? pitti^s? -$L Sg& Wv
, JWjB m *?~~ .'3
/fjpr .... |
. PLgg||B| jgt|& v ,j3k
Gators (left to right) Gary Keller, Brooks Henderson, Tom Baxley!
and Dick Tomlinson battle for a loose ball against Kentucky before
television cameras and a packed house at Florida Gym. The Wildcat
players visible are (left.to right) John Adkms,Randy Embry, and Tom
Kron. The Jan. 23 encounter saw the Gators romp over Adolph
Rupps Cats to the tune of 84-68. It put UF in the thick of the SEC?
race.

beat the Wildcats in rough-and rough-andtumble
tumble rough-andtumble action. Ramsey and Keller
controlled the boards while
Henderson with 20 and Tomlinson
with 19 took care of the scoring
barrage.
With the cheers of the crowd
still ringing in their ears, the
Orange and Blue turned back the
Tide at Tuscaloosa with a 67-51
downing of Alabama. Coach Sloan
shuttled his players in and out to
keep the Crimson Tide mystified.
Brooks Henderson continued his
fine outside shooting with 12 points
with reserve center Bob Hoffman
backing him up with 11.
Sporting a 12-3 overall mark
and a 6-1 SEC record, the Gators
took off for road games against
Kentucky and Tennessee. Coach
Sloan tabbed this as our big
road trip this year. Tennessee
was in the thick of things in the
SEC battle and stood second
behind conference leader Vander Vanderbilt.
bilt. Vanderbilt. Kentucky, always dangerous,
was smarting for revenge.
In Fridays Alligator: Swimming
and basketball teams finish in
glory.

VISITING FRESHMEN
After you determine your courses (CEH 131, CPS 121,
etc.)/ yu can avoid the September textbook rush if you
ORDER YOUR BOORS NOW
Just mail the blank below. We'll send your books
to your home, C.O.D.
NAME
ADDRESS
COURSES
*
Malones Book l Supply
1712 W. University Ave. Ph. 372-0368
DIAMOND R I. NGS
. wgmmtmgm I
I TRADITIONALLY
THE STORE FOR w£&iM
CLASS RINGS 1