what your country
will do for you,
but what you
for your countiy.'
The Florida Alligator
He Will Join The Ages
(UPI) Presi President
dent President Lyndon B. Johnson has de declared
clared declared today a national day of
mourning for martyred President
John F. Kennedy.
Johnson urged Americans to as assemble
semble assemble in their respective
churches to pay homage of love
and reverence to Kennedys
The President also ordered fed federal
eral federal offices throughout te
eral offices throughout the country
to close today, the day of the slain
Describing his predecessor as a
great and good man Johnson
also said in a proclamation:
also said in a proclamation: I
invite the people of the world who
share our grief to join us in this
day of mourning and rededication.
As for Americans, he said: I
earnestly recommend the people to
assemble on that day in their re respective
spective respective places of divine worship,
there to bow down in submission
to the will of almighty God, and to
pay their homage of love and re reverence
verence reverence to the memory of a great
and good man.
UF, City To Pay Tribute
Gainesville and the UF will join
today in a memorial convocation to
pay homage of love and respect
to the late President John F. Ken Kennedy.
The convocation, in which all
members of the Gainesville andUF
communities may participate, will
be in the Florida Gymnasium be beo
ginning at 9:45 a.m.
In a joint proclamation released
this weekend, Gainesville Mayor
Gov. Farris Bryant has proclaimed
today an official ,day of mourning
in Florida for the late President
John F. Kennedy.
Bryant ordered all government
offices and schools closed and
urged citizens and local govern government
ment government agencies to honor the memory
of the late president on that day.
In issuing the proclamation,
Bryant said, Florida the second
home of President Kennedy, has
experienced a great personal loss.
We join the memory and his de dedication
dication dedication to the peaceful existence
of people throughout the world.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: In Memoriam
This Issue Os The Alligator Is Dedicated To The Memory Os
John F. Kennedy, 35th President Os The United States.
V01.56,N0.57 University of Florida, Gainesville Monday, Nov .25,1963
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STUDENTS BY THE HUNDREDS
.. .went to churches yesterday and heard tributes to the
martyred President Kennedy.
Byron M. Winn, Jr. and UF Pres.
J. Wayne Reitz, said:
The people of Gainesville and
the University of Florida share
deeply in the tragic loss that the
death of President John Fitzgerald
Kennedy represents for our nation
and the world.
We know that they will wish
to join in an appropriate expres expression
sion expression of their grief over the death
of the President and their faith
in the American institutions and
ideals to which his life was de dedicated.
We are therefore inviting all
members of both the city and the
University communities to attend a
Memorial Convocation in the Flo Florida
rida Florida Gymnasium on the University
campus at 9:45 a.m. Monday, Nov November
ember November 25.
Appropriate military and religi religious
ous religious observances will mark
the Memorial Convocation pro program.
Dr. Delton Scudder, head of the
UF Department of Religion, is
scheduled to deliver the memorial
address. Brief tributes from
Winn, Reitz and Paul Hendrick,
president of the student body, will
also be made.
Mayor Winn has urged Gaines Gainesville
ville Gainesville citizens attending the convo convocation
cation convocation to arrive on the campus by
9:30 a.m. Parking will be avail available
able available on the drill field.
In accordance with Gov. Farris
Bryants directive declaring a day
of mourning for the state, all
classes will be suspended and all
UF offices closed.
For the UF, all social events
and entertainment have officially
been suspended until the end of
They Voice Their Grief
Florida leaders, from Gov. Farris Bryant on down, paid tribute
this weekend to the late President John F. Kennedy.
Sen. George A. Smathers, one of the first congressional leaders
to confer with new President Lyndon B. Johnson, said, There are
no words in any language to describe my feelings at this moment of
I still cant believe that this has really happened, said Smathers.
The United States has lost a great and beloved President and the
free world a courageous and stalwart leader. I have lost a close and
dear friend. /
Rep. Claude Pepper of Miami: The God fearing and peace loving
people all over the world today are bowed by an immeasurable sadness.,
now we must all support our new President with our prayers and all
Gov. Farris Bryant, in Miami for what was scheduled as a weekend
of political festivities, cancelled plans to see the Florida Miami
football game in the Orange Bowl Saturday to fly to Washington to
join other governors in paying final respects to the late President.
He ordered all state offices closed immediately when word of the
Presidents death came.
'Rest In Peace
WASHINGTON (UPI) John Fitzgerald Kennedy, mourned by high
and low alike, will be given a heros burial in Arlington National
Cemetery following a Pontifical Requiem Mass at noon.
In an official proclamation, one of his first acts as President,
Lyndon B. Johnson has declared today a day of national mourning
for his predecessor, felled by a sniper's bulletin an act that outrages
The new President also appealed to the American people to assemble
in their churches today for prayer, and invited all people anywhere
who share this nations grief to join in the day of mourning.
A little later the White House announced the family of the slain
President had decided on interment in the military cemetery in Virginia
just across the Potomac River from the nations capital.
Only one other President William Howard Taft, is buried in Arling Arlington,
ton, Arlington, shrine of the nations heroes.
As commander -in chief of the nations armed forces, John F.
Kennedy held abundant right to a grave in the honored military cemetery.
But he was a war hero as well, having recovered from a serious
wound as a Navy Lieutenant in World War II only to be struck down
on a Dallas, Tex., street by a snipers bullets.
the burial services on Tuesday.
Among the postponed events
scheduled on campus today are
the Religion in Life talks by Dr.
Harmon R. Holcomb and the Dol Dollars
lars Dollars for Scholars basketball
The University Hospital and
Clinics will operate anormal
schedule due to the critical nature
of its services.
...of hope is Johnson.
The Florida Alligator Monday, N0v.25,1963
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TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1963
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WASHINGTON (UPI) Since
1937, in FDR's time, I have known
the men in it--
intimately. I cannot truthfully say
that any man is qualified for it in
In the harshly floodlighted sud suditorium
itorium suditorium of the new Senate office
building the then majority leader,
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson, D-Tex.,
was announcing his presidential
candidacy. The date was July 5,
There was one surprise in the
news conference. Presidential
candidate Johnson failed to display
the traditional and lofty disdain for
the vice presidential nomination.
He said he would support the con conventions
ventions conventions nominee if his own bid for
the nomination failed.
Johnsons bid did fail. Despite
the efforts of the late House Speak Speaker
er Speaker Sam Rayburn--Johnson's long longtime
time longtime advisorand powerful back backers
ers backers such as the late Robert S.
Kerr, D-Okla., the nomination went
to youthful Sen. John F. Kennedy
Despite his disappointment,
Johnson supported the man se selected
lected selected by the convention. In fact,
on the following morning, he
brushed aside the misgivings of
Rayburn, Kerr and others and ac accepted
cepted accepted his partys vice presiden presidential
tial presidential nomination.
He was still supporting Kennedy
in Dallas Friday.
A New Leader
Johnson has plunged into the awe awesome
some awesome task of fulfilling the re responsibilities
sponsibilities responsibilities left him by the mar martyred
tyred martyred John F. Kennedy. In doing
so he asked for Gods help, and
Less than 24 hours after he took
the oath of office in a hot and
stuffy airplane at Dallas, Tex., he
called in Secretary of State Dean
Rusk and Defense Secretary Robert
S. McNamara for the first of many
meetings with high level officials.
Among the first summoned for
counsel and supported by the new
President was" former President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, on whom
Kennedy, too, sometimes had
leaned in times of crisis.
Johnson proclaimed today as a
national day of mourning for Ken Kennedy.
nedy. Kennedy. Federal offices across the
land will be closed today, the day
of Kennedys funeral.
The new President invited the
world to join the American peo people
ple people in mourning today. He asked
Americans to assemble in their
places of worship, there to bow
down in submission to the will of
almighty God, and to pay their hom homage
age homage of love and reverence to the
memory of a great and good man.
Johnson is the first southerner
to hold that office since Andrew
Johnson of Tennessee, who also
succeeded an assassinated presi president.
Andrew Johnson was not nomin nominated
ated nominated for a full term. The Repub Republicans
licans Republicans in 1868 elected a war hero
president, Gen. U.S Grant. His run running
ning running mate was Schuyler Colfax of
11111 C M
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DALLAS (UPI)--Gov. John Con Connally
nally Connally of Texas, apparently out of
danger and recovering from the
bullet of an assassin, may owe
his life to the slow workings of
a lpolt-action Mauser military
Connally, who was President
Kennedys secretary of the Navy
until he resigned in 1961 to run
successfully for the governor governorship
ship governorship to Texas, learned Saturday
that the sniper that wounded him
killed the President.
Physicans at Partland Memorial
Hospital did not tell Connally im immediately.
When the shots were fired, the
governor* was sitting in ajumpseat
of the big presidential limousine,
opposite the President. Connallys
wife Nellie, was sitting on the other
jump seat, across from Mrs.
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Accused Assassin Killed
DALLAS (UPI) Lee Harvey
Oswald, accused assassin of
President Kennedy, was shot by
a striptease nightclub owner yes yesterday
terday yesterday and died in a hospital emer emergency
gency emergency room just 10 feet away from
the room where the President died.
As muffled drums the
cortege taking President
Kennedys body from the White
House to the Capitol in Washing Washington,
ton, Washington, the last drama of Oswald,
a 24 year -old pro Castro
Marxist, was unfolding with shock shocking
ing shocking suddenness in Dallas.
You son of a bitch, cried
Jack Ruby, the nightclub owner,
as he leaped next to Oswald in
the basement of the city hall hallcity
city hallcity jail building. He held a
pistol about four inches from Os Oswald
wald Oswald and pulled the trigger once.
Oswald sank to the floor
wordlessly. Eight officers
tackled Ruby and dragged him
into the same prison elevator used
to bring Oswald to the basement.
He was whisked to a fifth-floor
Oswald was rushed out in a
hastily called ambulance. It ar arrived
rived arrived in two minutes and streaked
for Parkland Memorial Hospital.
Writhing in pain, his left leg
drawn up, his eyes closed, Os Oswald
wald Oswald carried into Trauma Room
No. 2, just across the hall from
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the emergency room where
surgeons had pronounced the Pre President
sident President dead. The President and
his accused assassin died in rooms
10 feet apart.
Still in the hospital is Texas
Gov. John B. Connally, recovering
from the shoulder and chest wound
he received from the sniper who
put two bullets into President
Kennedys throat and brain.
Dr. Tom Shires, chief sur surgrion,
grion, surgrion, who had operated on Con Connally,
nally, Connally, assembled a 12-man sur surgical
gical surgical team. Oswalds heart stop stopped.
ped. stopped. -They opened his chest
and performed heart massage.
Turncoat Oswald died of a
massive injury to organs and mas massive
sive massive loss of blood, said Shires.
He said the bullet passed through
the spleen, the pancreas, the aorta,
the kidney and the liver.
He said that after it spent it itself
self itself at the end of its route I
could feel it under his skin.
Shires said the bullet was re removed
moved removed after Oswald died. It looked
like a 38 caliber, he said.
Ruby has a record of assault
charges in Dallas. He owned the
Carousel striptease club and the
Vegas Club. His friends said he
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Monday, N0v. 25, 1963 The Florida Alligator
never seem e d particularly
interested in politics, but he was
an emotional man.
Three attorneys rushed to him
for his defense.
Secret Service Men
Had Little Chance
WASHINGTON (UPI) The assassination of President Kennedy by a
skilled sniper using a high-powered rifle with a telescopic sight bore
out the fears of U.S. Secret Service agents.
The men charged by law with responsibility for protecting a president
have known for years that it is virtually impossible to guard him
completely against just what happened Friday on the streets of Dallas,
In other words, the agents cannot guard against assailants out of sight
and out of reach.
As U.E. Baughman, former chief of the Secret Service wrote after
he left his official post: a rifle with a telescopic sight slipped un unobtrusively
obtrusively unobtrusively out of any of a thousand windows along the route with
plenty of time to aim carefully, and we would have been helpless to
protect our charge.
For a president to tour the heart of any city with optimum safety
would require encasing him in heavy, bullet-proof glass or plastic,
armoring the sides and bottom of his car with heavy steel plate and
banning the occupancy of any building along the procession route.
Such precautions plainly are impracticable, but some extensive
tightening up can be expected as a result of the Kennedy assassination.
There is no doubt that an agent would have sacrificed his life for
John Fitzgerald Kennedy if he had had a chance.
Ruby is a very fine mam,
said defense attorney Tom
Howard. A great admirer of
President Kennedy and police of officers.
The Florida Alligator Monday N0v.25,1963
We couldnt have done it without
The Alligator Friday put out an
edition In record time--an issue
for which we wish .there had been
no need. But there was.
Just a few of the individuals and
groups we wish to thank include
the Gainesville Sun, King White,
Seminole staffers, New Orange
Peel editor Stan Huguenin, Gary
Burke, Bill Epperheimer, Jim
Weir, Stanley L. West, the UF News
Bureau, Paul Henderick, The Gain Gainesville
esville Gainesville Lettershop, Phi Kappa Tau
and Delta Upsilon fraternities, and
literally dozens more.
We appreciated it.
For the Alligator, it was a good
lesson in working togetherunder
deadline pressure and with aback abackground
ground abackground of tragedy.
Thank y*u so very much.
By The UF Military Department
Concurrent with the incredible
loss to the nation by the untimely
death of President Kennedy, the
Armed Forces of the United States
have lost their Commander-in-
President Kennedy was an out outstanding
standing outstanding Commander -in Chief.
He recognized the problems of
the military establishment and the
country as a whole and worked
tirelessly to insure that our fight fighting
ing fighting forces were properly equipped
and in sufficient numbers to meet
and defeat any threat to the
security of the United States and
the Free World.
Recognizing the necessity for
the national security of a strong
and balanced offensive and de defensive
fensive defensive posture, he pressed for
legislation to improve our capabi capability
lity capability for conventional as well as
nuclear war. Under his leader leadership
ship leadership the STRIKE force was organi organized.
zed. organized. This is a balanced force
of ground, sea, and air power
designed to move at a moments
notice to trouble spots wherever
they may occur, to stop or con contain
tain contain brushfire conflicts to
prevent their developments into
Time and time again he exhibited
positive leadership attributes so
admirable in a commander. After
making his estimate of the Cuban
situation, he took bold, positive
action to eliminate a nuclear threat
to Western security. During the
recent Berlin crisis, his firm
action blocked another Communist
move to possess Western rights
President Kennedy inspiried a
tremendous / change in public at attitude
titude attitude toward our Armed Forces.
For the first time in a period
of nominal peace, the American
The Florida Alligator
E-*::-in-Chief David Lawrence Jr.
THE FLORIDA ALLIGATOR is the official student newspaper of the
University of Flo r iua and i c 'uhlished five times weekly except during
the months of Max, June, and July, when a weekly issue is published.
THE FLORIDA ALLIGATOR is entered as second class matter at
the United States Pest Office at Gainesville, Florida.
Hail To The Chief
A Reporter Remembers Breakfast With The President
On the day Sen John Kennedy
made his official announcement
that he was a candidate for the
presidential nomination, I
had breakfast with him at his home.
Tht convention was still months
away, and he knew that a long
struggle faced him before he could
win the great prize.
Even at that early stage he had
certain resolute convictions about
his campaign. He was determined
to enter every primary, to accept
every challenge to a debate, to
awaken the Democratic Party to
meet the needs of a new age and
to arouse the energy of America
so that we could repel the somber
threat of Communist power.
It was to be a campaign of
idealism, of immense labor, of
disciplined intelligence, with no
word spoken that would weaken
national unity, with rfo words left
unspoken that would increase
...LET ME RETURN to my
breakfast with Mr. Kennedy. I
have the most vivid and detailed
memory of his assurance that he
would vote for then Sen Lyndon
Johnson, as the man most quali qualified
fied qualified for presidential nomination,
if he himself failed to be the
convention choice. These words
are worth recalling now as Pres President
ident President Johnson begins his new
duties. President Kennedy never
wearied of Jeffersons reminder
people were willing to support a
military establishment and a
national security policy geared to
the harsh facts of the situation we
face. The nations superb re response
sponse response to the Reserve call-up
during the Berlin Crisis in 1961
is perhaps the most striking mani manifestation
festation manifestation of our national willing willingness
ness willingness to sacrifice for freedom.
It demonstrated conclusively that
our people accepted his dictum
that this nation can afford to
be strong ~. it cannot afford to
The President recognized the
requirement for top-flight young
men from the service academies
and from the universities spon sponsoring
soring sponsoring senior division ROTC pro programs.
grams. programs. He stated quite recently
that a requirement exists for the
most talented youth in the country
to serve in the Armed Forces.
Only in this way can the country
expect to gain the leadership re required
quired required to shape national policy to
counter hot and cold wars.
' Today, Americans are serving
in the cause of freedom throughout
the world, opposing the Communist
aggression that threatens the self selfdetermination
determination selfdetermination of our friends, and,
ultimately, our own security.
There is today a very real war
going on in which the American
citizen can get killed just as in
a Normandy invasion.
Through hot wars and cold,
through recession and prosperity,
through the ages of the atom and
outer space, the American people
have neither faltered nor has their
faith lagged. If at times our
actions seem to make life diffi difficult
cult difficult for others, it is only because
history has made life difficult for
all of us.
But difficult days need not be
that the earth belongs always to
the living. He would want us
to mke our grief a shield for
the living, not a lamentation for
the dead. We honor President
Kennedys deals and complete his
unfinished purpose as we rally
behind President Johnson in his
lask of sustaining the unity and
honor and strength of an uncon unconquerable
querable unconquerable America.^
I HAVE NEVER been able to
shake from memory a conversa conversation
tion conversation with President Kennedy on
the significance of inauguration
day. He said he had taken two
oaths that day. One was public,
and it committed him to lead and
protect the American nation. The
other was private, but it was no
less binding on his conscience, for
it committed him to sustain and
direct the free nations while the
heritage of democracy is under
The supreme tragedy is not that
President Kennedy has been cut
down in the splendor of his ma majestic
jestic majestic manhood. The ultimate
tragedy is that his capacity for
growth as a national and world
leader has ended.
He was growing all the time, in
a tradition of spacious statesman statesmanship,
ship, statesmanship, and excellence would have
been his familiar companion had
more time been granted to him.
Now other hands will gather the
rewarding harvests which he
dark. I think these are proud
and memorable days in the cause
of peace and freedom. We are
proud, for example, of Major
Rud oh Anderson, who gave his
life over the island of Cuba. We
salute Specialist James Allen
Johnson, who died on the border
of South Korea. We pay honor
to Sergeant Gerald Pendell, who
was killed in Vietnam. They are
among the many who in this
century have died for our country.
Our task now, and the task of all
Americans, is to live up to their
President Kennedy was always
adamant in his belief that we are
concurrently at war - not neces necessarily
sarily necessarily a hot war, but a warnever warneverthe
the warneverthe less to decide whether or not
we would live in a free world
or one of Communist domination.
Today, as we place flowers on
his grave and praise his deeds,
we realize that we cannot
discharge our solemn obligation
to him with mere words of homage.
He did not die for wreaths and
words. He died for the right of
Americans to enjoy freedom. He
died for future generations. He
died for us. Hail to the Chief!
The Day The President Died
By RITA BARLOW
Librarian, School of
Journalism and Communications
1 A stunned-faced student spoke
into the quiet of the hushed library.
Did you know President
Kennedy has been shot?
I stared at him without com comprehension.
Dumbly he nodded in slow
motion, I thought. Assassina Assassination
tion Assassination attempt. In Dallas.
The student drifted to a chair,
placed himself in a studying posi position
tion position and stared at nothing. Long
minutes later I heard a dazed
whisper: I dont believe it.
Pushing a heavy encyclopedia
the rest of the way into place,
I echoed his dull words: I dont
Outside in the hall a small knot
planted; but he will be remem remembered
bered remembered as the man who broke the
furrows and walked always to the
WE THINK ALL too often of
the Kennedy family as glittering
and fortunate, forgetting that it
has been no stranger to sorrow.
The father was stricken, the son
died as a hero in war, a daughter
died in the pride of her beauty,
another daughter has borne her
mental affliction with patient
courage and now our valiant Presi President
dent President is gone. Tears overflow the
A Leader Is Gone
By PAUL HENDRICK
Student Body President
A chill seized the campus the
afternoon of Friday, November 22.
President Kennedy is dead.
To a generation numbed by
crises, seldom has tragedy struck
us so deeply. Florida students
moved about-- tears in their
eyes trying to believe it could
not be true.
Identity with our slain Presi President
dent President was complete. No greater
lesson in love of country could
have been uttered. To students,
more than a man and chief exe executive
cutive executive was lost. Emotions exceed
words. John F. Kennedy was a
force in our lives. Rarely does
a President capture the imagina imaginations
tions imaginations of younger men and women
as did President Kennedy.
He was provocative. He chal challenged
lenged challenged the intellects Many coffee
sessions were spent in debate on
his policies. Few had no opinions
about President Kennedy. Like or
dislike him, men did it with inten intensity.
Most viewed him as master of
the powers of the Presidency. It
was on the use of those powers
that many differed. Even at his
death, thoughts of his great
moments bring back a sense of
pride. His energy during the pre presidential
sidential presidential campaign, his electric
words My fellow citizens,
move ahead, vigor, New
Frontier ...his leadership in the
Cuban crisis... his United Nations
address... his pleas for Western
unity and international under understanding...his
standing...his understanding...his resolve in the
difficult civil rights conflict...
his fluency and the polish and
humor of his press conferences ...
his magnetism and eloquence in
Berlin...his witty not yet re responses
sponses responses to mention of Barry Gold Goldwater
water Goldwater ... and his efforts for peace
through the nuclear test-ban
The President did not achieve
of people faculty, students, staff
and janitors stood looking at
the floor. Each head tilted to
hear the radio voice. ...Has
been shot while riding in a parade
through downtown Dallas.
Acute disbelief registered on
Time was suspended. People
stood mesmerized by the announ announcers
cers announcers even-toned voice. Breathing
shallow, they looked alternately
at the floor and seekingly into
each others eyes.
Emotion ordinarily hidden from
view showed in unguarded eyes.
A learned professor raised his
face to his friend who said in a
stupified voice, i cant believe
A blond, bubble haired
secretary sank against the wall,
forgetting to preen. HowCOULD
familys enchanted cup of fortune,
but room must somehow be found
for a nations grief.
For the Presidents widow; who
lost a son a few months ago, am
now her husband, there can be
only a breaking of hearts. She
never has been so near to us as
she is now, in her time of traged.
The whole family stands today in
a sacred circle of grief, it does
not stand alone. There is an echo
of their grief in our sorrow, and
we walk with them through the
valley of the dark shadow.
...Columnist Max Freedman
all he sought to do. He was si
multaneiously criticized for
moving too fast and moving too
slowly. But he seemed unwilling
to concede, as others might, that
problems of our society are beyond
solution in our lifetimes. The
torch has been passed, he chal challenged,
lenged, challenged, to a new- generation of
Americans -- born in this
century... unwilling to witness oi
permit the slow undoing of those
human rights to which this nation
has always been committed, and
to which we are committed today
at home and around the world.
Nor our new President, Lyndon.
Johnson, must have our genuine
As time passes, though, let u<
recall the echoing words of Presi President
dent President Kennedy shortly before his
death: Americas leadership
must be guided by the lights of
learning and reason. The
sobriety and crispness with which
the President, certainly an
intellectual, set forth goals and
problems won others to his concept
of government. Such leadership
defies extremism and tyranny.
Such leadership attracts allies in
a divided world.
So, to students John F. Kennedy
held out prospects of new ground
to explore. Alive, he made us
think inquire. Dead, he turns
our minds beyond the sadness of
this day to concern for our country.
A memorable American, John
F. Kennedy, has won his peoples
respect for his committment to
democratic ideals. And so, my
fellow Americans, the voice re resounds,
sounds, resounds, ask not what your country
can do for you ask what you
can do for your country.
And after saying let us begin,-
he concluded well: With history
the final judge of our deeds, let
us go forth to lead the land we
love, asking His blessing and His
help, but knowing that here on earth
Gods work must truly be our
they! I just cant believe it.
A gnarled, work-worn janitor
unclenched his hand from the
handle of his push broom and
turned to his cleaning companion.
I cant believe it.
Time wore on. The announcers
voice slowed and darkened. A
bulletin from the White House:
Ladies and gentlemen, the
President is dead.
Time stopped. People stood
immobilized, no longer looked at
each other. Their expressions
grew shocked, merged to
After the silence, a shuffle,
here and there a deep breath,
a tear. The group stirred to
disband. Each one, departing,
wore on his face a mark of the
Let the word gb forth from this
time and place, to friend and foe
alike, that the torch has
been passed to a new generation
of Americans -- born in this cen century,
tury, century, tempered by war, disciplined
by a cold and bitter peace, proud
of our ancient heiritage -- and un unwilling
willing unwilling to witness or permit the
-slow undoing of those human rights
to which this nation has always
been committed, and to which we
are committed today.
Let every nation know, whether
it wish us well or ill, that we shall
pay any price, bear any burden,
meet any hardship, support any
friend or oppose any foe in order
to insure the survival and success
This much we pledge -- and
...Finally, to those nations who
would make themselves our adver adversaries,
saries, adversaries, we offer not a pledge but
a request: that both sides begin
anew the quest for peace before
the dark powers of destruction un unleashed
leashed unleashed by science engulf all hu humanity
manity humanity in planned or accidental
self-destruction. We dare not
tempt them with weakness. For
only when our arms are sufficient
beyond doubt can we be certain be beyond
yond beyond doubt that they will never be
...So let us begin anew -- re remembering
membering remembering on both sides 'that
civility is not a sign of weak weakness
ness weakness and sincerety is always sub subject
ject subject to proof. Let us never nego negotiate
tiate negotiate out of fear. But let us never
fear to negotiate. Let both sides,
By Dr. DELTON SCUDDER
Head of the UF Department
The lightening thrust of ir irresponsible
responsible irresponsible wrong and untimely
death has shocked people far and
wide into an awareness of the tragic
aspects of lifeviolence, moral
inferiority and mortality. So pre preoccupied
occupied preoccupied are we with our own swift swiftly
ly swiftly moving affairs that we live in
forgetfulness of the more bewil bewildering
dering bewildering realities which encompass
existence. At least, such is the case
until our complacency isbrokenby
sudden sadness and acute grief.
Then we are confronted with the
issues of good and evil, life and
death, and the way is opened for
thoughtfulness and remembrance.
It is fitting that we pay homage
to the humane and far-sighted Pre President
sident President who has given so much to the
service of his country and the con contortured
tortured contortured world surrounding it. It
is right that we should pray that
those near to him, who most deeply
morn may in time be contorted,
may not be inappropriate for us to
reexamine the mystery wrapped up
in the query, if a man dies shall
he live again? Surely dogmatic
verdicts of materialistic slant do
not exhaust the possibilities of
truth nor limit the danger of error
truth nor limit the dangers of er error.
ror. error. There are truths of intuition
as well as intimations of valient
hearts perhaps sufficient to war warrent
rent warrent the hope of faith that the dead
rest within the care and keeping
of a Mericful God. The foundations
of such hope should not be dis dismissed
missed dismissed as dreams too readily.
However, the more pressing ob obligation
ligation obligation remains for us on the one
hand to seek to remove the pre preconditions
conditions preconditions for us on the one hand
to seek to remove the preconditions
which led up to this tragedy, not
If A 1 Man Dies...
for the first time, formulate
serious and precise proposals for
the inspection and control of
arms -- and bring the absolute
power to destroy other nations un under
der under the absolute control of all
nations. Let both sides join to
invoke the wonders of science
instead of its terrors.
And if a beachhead of cooper cooperation
ation cooperation can be made in the jungles
of suspicion, let both sides join in
the next task: creating, not a new
balance of power, but a new world
of law, where the strong are just
and the weak secure and the peace
All this will not be finished in
the first 100 days. Nor will it be
finished in the first 1,000 days, nos
in the life of this administration,
nor even perhaps in our lifetime on
this planet. But let us begin.
In the long history of the world,
only a few generations, have been
granted the role of defending free freedom
dom freedom in its hour of maxium danger.
I do not shrink from this respon responsibility
sibility responsibility --1 welco ne it. Ido not be believe
lieve believe that any of us would change
places with any other people or any
other generation. The energy, the
faith and devotion which we bring
to this endeavor will light our
country and all who serve it, and
the glow' from that fire can truly
light the world. And so. my fellow
Americans: ask not what your
country will do for you ask what
you can do for your country. My
fellow citizens of the world: ask
not what America will do for you,
but what together we can do for the
freedom of man.
simply in terms of improved se security
curity security measures but rather in con concern
cern concern for the reorientation of those
who become alienatied from our
society; and on the other hand to
continue and sustain the lofty hu humane
mane humane objectives for which the
Truly he sought to be just, and
kind; and to walk in quiet connec connection
tion connection with forces making for future
Day Os Mourning And Rededication
By LESTER L. HALE
Dean of Student Affairs
Since the fateful hour on Friday,
the people of the nation have been
completely consumed in express expressing
ing expressing their grief and horror. Men
of position have eulogized with
eloquence and controlled emotion;
plain folk have uttered phrases
of simple wisdom and profound
sorrow; all have listened in tear tearful
ful tearful silence, many wandering aim aimlessly
lessly aimlessly about their tasks --
accomplishing nothing -- grieving
inwardly, openly. There is hardly
an American whose everyday everydayroutine
routine everydayroutine has not been dramatically
altered by this shot heardround
the world. There is no lanquage
barrier on earth that can isolate
suffering; our nation grieves; the
world responds; and, our campus
is today officially in mourning.
But what of our rededication?
Greatest strength, wisest pro progress,
gress, progress, and the ennobling of human
hearts is derived not so much
from the joy and ease of life as
from the grim reality of hard hardship,
ship, hardship, pain and burden. Each of
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Mr. Kt-nnedvs death wasatrag wasatragedy--lor
edy--lor wasatragedy--lor his family, for the world.
But his life was no tragedy. Though
we forget, we too must die, some
how, others not just now. Most of
us nurse ourselves from childhood
to old age, the the thought of dying
some years "before our time
horrifying us. Courage is the de decision
cision decision to live and struggle for ones
values even at the risk of dying pre prematurely.
maturely. prematurely. It is the acknowledge acknowledgement
ment acknowledgement of the inevitability of dath,
followed by the determination to
according to the best we know.
All of us die, but few ever really
Haydn Hicks, 7AS
In Shakespeares time-honored
play, Julius Caesar, Mark An Antony
tony Antony states: .... The deeds that
men do live after them, the good
is often interred in their bones.
In the case of the late President,
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, this was
not so. For the goodness, the
truth, the courage which even until
the last fatal hour of his life,
he manifested, were at all timds
present. The late President is
ai never -to- be forgotten man.
While the President lived, he
regarded life as an experiment...
the more experiment, the better.
Thus the more fruitful his life
came to be. Even to the last,
he never ceased to experiment.
Along lifes arduous journey,
John Kennedy developed a quality
that all men struggle for, all men
fight for, and many men have died
for. In this his last glowing
hour he showed what goodness
and truth really stand for...
character. For the truth was
simple for John Kennedy, the cour courage
age courage innate; the goodness --the
trademark of his every action.
President Kennedys life was truly
a victory for spirit and dynamism.
So, fellow Americans, we are
all brothers in this darkest hour.
Our great nation has momentarily
stopped its forward movement to
mourn the tragic death of this great
leader. Many times have we stop stopped,
ped, stopped, only to believe that we must
us in our prayers this day should
ask God to show us where we
have been weak and how we can
Wherein have we, too, been
silent assaj/ins of our fellow men?
How might we have been a weak weakening
ening weakening influence in the American
Is hate fermenting in our hearts
waiting to distort reason and cause
fanatic outburst to trigger
Do we dislike disciplined lives
and therefore respond with rebel rebellion
lion rebellion and resentment against
authority figures: city hall, ad administration,
ministration, administration, parents, courts?
Have we really subscribed
wholeheartedly to the Honor Code
and done all within our power
to make it work?
Do we sincerely believe in our
capacity to accept the delegated
responsibility to govern ourselves
effectively in residence halls, the
fraternal ordef-, the student body?
Do we shoulder our share of
the burden of government on our
campus, in our state?
Are we willing to develop higher
levels of human understanding and
more effective spiritual relation relationmove
Monday, N0v.25/1963 The Florida Alligator
move relationmove forward again. We hive
learned to accept the sometimes
overwhelming circumstances of
our lives, but time has taught
us not to be afraid of a fa 11...
so let us rise, lest we ever be
afraid to fall again.
R. Mark Graham, lUC
The American Eagle, which clu clutches
tches clutches in its talons both the arrows
of defense and the olive branch
of peace, and which is the symbol
of the freedom and personal dig dignity
nity dignity of all men, was shot in flight
rn Dallas. This magnifieant sym symbol
bol symbol was shot by a crazed hunter
The hunter and shadowy figures
behind him are not yet clearly
seen, nor are the motives fully
known. But the Eagle? Yes,
he was well known. He was the
enforcer of the laws. He was
the leader of the people. He
was the President; not loved by
all the people, but doing his best
for the majority of the people.
His job was to see that the ideals
of the Constitution became the
realities of America.
In the last months of his life,
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was pla plagued
gued plagued by accusations of governors,
editors, reporters and citizens
committees. Dauy, one could read
criticism in the news. Slogans
of Kennedy for King and "Stop
the Kennedy Dynasty appeared
on bumper stickers.
Yet, Im sure that these same
people didnt believe their accusa accusations
tions accusations were fact. Instead, I choose
to believe that these were merely
the expressions of some of the
people crying out their"dissatis their"dissatisfaction
faction their"dissatisfaction with some of the adminis administrations
trations administrations policies. An old
American custom, politely called
Here in the South, this man,
who was indeed human, was not
as popular as he might have been,
.but he stuck 'to his beliefs re regardless
gardless regardless of the political conse consequences.
quences. consequences. In deference to his
memory and all this great
American stood for, I request:
first that all signs, stickers, etc.
be struck until after he is interred:
second, that classes in Gaines Gainesville,
ville, Gainesville, as well as the university,
ships among the creatures of the
earth who are created in the
image of God ... slightly lower
than the angels?
Will we strive to raise the mores
of our generation and to upgrade
moral dignity, fidelity, honor,
respect, love, decency, and to
conduct ourselves to show oUr
Are we determined to achieve
the most scholarly attainment pos possible
sible possible from our study at the Uni University
versity University and really to find the truth
that makes men free?
Can we maintain respect for and
obedience to law and order, despite
impetuous outbursts of youthful
enthusiasm, and the urge to pro protest
test protest wildly, show prejudice, and
yield to crowd hysteria?
These are only a few of the
questions we might ask ourselves
on this day of evaluation and re rededication.
dedication. rededication. Each one of us should
declare positively and vigorously
that we can and will do more
through the improvement in our
attitude and our actions to make
country and our generation
contribute worthily to the rich
heritage which we have enjoyed.
May God help us all to do His
will among men.
.ind S' 1
be suspended, at least on the day
of the funeral; and last, that all
non vital business close, in order
that all campus and city citizens
be allowed the time at home, to
pay last respects to our fallen
Eagle; so that the people, like
the States, shall be for this
The undersigned received the
news of the tragedy that befell
our First Family in Dallas Friday
at different times and from vary varying
ing varying sources. Each one of us,
nonetheless, experienced the
abject horror and shock shared
by all our fellow students.
Individuals react to grief in
their own personal manner. Some
bury the burning emotion deep
within themselves; nuture it,
Others seek outlet for their feel feelings
ings feelings in strenuous physical activity,
trying to momentarily lose them themselves
selves themselves and, consequently, diminish
Others, who are fortunate
enough to be emotional in the
finest, truest sense of the word,
manifest their grief in open, un unashamed
ashamed unashamed weeping.
Those of. us on campus who
witnessed the discontinuation of
commercial programming on
WRUF, the suddenly silent resi residence
dence residence halls, the ashen faces of
fourteen thousand students as they
listened intently to countless blar blaring
ing blaring radios -- we know the pro profound
found profound rneloncholy that descended
upon the University of Florida.
Hut imagine the feelings of a
reader of the St. Petersburg
Times, when he scans that
newspapers report of the UF's
reaction to the tragedy:
Outside the libarry ... a group
played touch football inthe autumn
sun. Little reaction could be seen
on the faces of the students as
they streamed from classes.
A visitor to the campus was
sitting in one of the offices when
the news was announced. Thank
God, he said.
As students of the University
of Florida, and as loyal
Americans, are we to withstand
this blatant attack on our emo emotional
tional emotional capacity? The inference
from this report is all to clear:
the student body here was largely
indifferent to the catastrophe, and
went about their way as if nothing
If you i> iieve that this reflects
the truth about you and about your
school, do NOT join us in voicing
this objection to journalistic lr lrresponsibi
responsibi lrresponsibi ;*v and disregard for
the facts a exhibited by a news newspaper
paper newspaper that calls Itself Florida's
Wally Klein, 2UC
Bill Drennan, 2UC
Wayne Dodge, 2UC
Bruce Hicks, 2UC
The Florida Alligator Monday/N0v.25,1963
1952 AUSTIN A-40 40 MPG.
Classic London Taxicab styling
SIOO. 372-3216 after 6 p.m. (G (G---52-st-p).
*57 FORD, fair shape, reasonable.
'55 Corvette, rolled and pleated
interior, Buick engine, fast. Call
1957 PLYMOUTH 2 door Hard Hardtop,
top, Hardtop, power pack and in good con condition.
dition. condition. Call 372-9343. Room 11
ask for Dave Whittaker. (G-55-
1957 2 dr hardtop DESOTA. Black
and yellow, excellent mechanical
condition. Contact 376-2809. (G (G---55-st-c).
NEW and USED Band Instruments,
Guitars and Amplifiers. Music
and -Accessories. Complete
BAND INS TRU ME NT REPAIR
SHOP on Premises. Derda Music
Co., 632 N.W. X 3th St. Phone:
2-6715 (Just 6 blocks North of
USED T.V. SETS for sale. Rea Reasonable
sonable Reasonable price. Mr. Nestors at
2-7326 or see at 1627 NW Ist
41 FT. MAGNOLIA TRAILER. 2
bedroom. All Aluminium Exterior.
Completely furnished and Setup.
Sacrifice $1695. Contact Dennis
Traves Lot D-ll ONeils mobile
home court 3001 Hawthorne Rd.
Phone 376 -0086 after 5. (A-52-
NEW HOMES in park like set setting.
ting. setting. Brick or block choice lots
still available. VA FHA
financing. PINE FOREST by Hugh
Edwards, he, N.E. 16th Ave. and
15th Street 372-1551. (A-55-ts-c).
WE BROUGHT IT NEW from Ger Germany
many Germany but our family keeps
growing. Must sell. 1960 Opel
Carvan wagon. Call 2-8313.
Leave Your Car For
22 N.W. 13th Street
Cracked Egg* 3 doz sl.lO
I HEELS put on in 5 minutes I
SOLES put on in IS minutes 1
I MODERN SHOE!
Bocross from Ist notional bonk |l
LAST Times Tuesday STATE T
Carol Reed Directs
Laurence Harvey Lee Remick Hun Bates i
L.MAN. ANAVISION*- REATHIAKING jjuntil
starts wed 6:45 pm
DISNEY'S "INCREPI&IE JOCKEY"
ONE OR TWO MALE roommates
to share large off campus Apt.
3 blocks behind Sigma Nu House
$26.63 per mo.to move in NOW.
Call FR 2-7173 HURRY. (C-55-
MALE STUDENT wanted to share
furnished 2 bedroom house. $33
per month. FR 6-0075 after 10
ONE OR TWO MALE roommates
to share off-campus apartment
for winter trimester with two E.E.
majors. Contact Bob Hyatt or
A.J. Miller FR 2-5874. 125 N.W.
10th St. (C-52-st-p).
JOIN FLYING CLUB. Plan 1-
Cessna 172-S6OO share, 10
members. Plan 2-Cessna 172
and Luscombe $450 share, 20
members. 376-1722 or 372-6115.
AIR CONDITIONED APART APARTMENTS
MENTS APARTMENTS FOR MEN. New, close to
campus. Efficiency for 3or 4
men, SIOO per mo. Efficiency
for 2 or 3 men, SBS per mo/
Tenant pays electric. Call FR
FURNISHED APT FOR MEN all
utilities furnished except gas for
cooking. Share a bath, $45 month
FR 2-7366 after 5:00 p.m. All
day weekends. (B-56-st-c).
LOST -- Sigma Phi Epsilon fra fraternity
ternity fraternity pin with Alpha Guard. Might
be with white seater. $lO reward.
Call Casey-Sigma Phi Epsilon
fraternity house. 2-9303.
LOST -- A Bi 11 so 1 d containing
some important documents has
been lost on campus. Contact
David Sayers, Leigh 330 Ext. 2346.
HORSEBACK RIDING, TRAIL
RIDES, HAYRIDES, NIGHTRIDES.
All at Lake Wauberg Riding
Stables. 1/2 mile north of Lake
Wauberg. For reservation, in information
formation information and FREE trans transportation
portation transportation call 466-9295.(M-8-68t 466-9295.(M-8-68tc).
NESTORS TV, RADIO, HIFI
SERVICE. Tubes checked free.
Free Estimates. Next to Florida
Bookstore parking lot. 1627 N.W.
Ist Ave. Phone FR 2-7326. (M (M---36-MWF-c).
; Tlk Stf
TALLAHASSEE, (UPI) Florida
joins the nation and the world
today in officially mourning the
death of President Kennedy.
The city of Palm Beach, where
Kennedy grew up, and the nations
spaceport at Cape Canaveral,
wlieYe he pushed the nations race
for the moon, went into official
mourning. So did hundreds of
other Florida cities and hamlets.
All non-essential personnel
at the Cape and on the missile
base were excused from duty by
Brig. Gen. Harry J. Sands, vice
commander of the Air Force Mis Missile
sile Missile Test Center and Col. 'Henry
Dittman, commander of Patrick
Air Force Base 19 miles south
of Cape Canaveral.
Rocket scientists called a 24-
hour delay in half of a space
doubleheader which has heavy
bearing on the man to the moon
project that the late President
established as a national goal.
The planned blastoff of a 138-
pound satellite name IMP re remained
mained remained on schedule for 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday, but launching of the re revolutionary
volutionary revolutionary Centaur rocket was
postponed from today until Tues Tuesday.
Mayors of the great metropo metropolises
lises metropolises and the tiny towns ordered
an official day of mourning today.
The state Chamber of Com Commerce
merce Commerce ordered its offices closed
today and suggested that all busi business
ness business firms do the same.
Just a few days ago, Presi President
dent President Kennedy honored this organ organization
ization organization and all businessmen, said
Harold Co lee, executive vice
president of the Chamber of Com Commerce.
merce. Commerce. He referred to Kennedys
appearance at Tampa Monday to
address a state meeting of the
Flags remained at half staff
and churches opened their doors
around the clock to accommodate
the thousands of mourners.
Only the emergency facilities,
hospitals, police and fire depart departments,
ments, departments, kept a regular schedule.
Cities, churches, clubs and or organizations
ganizations organizations planned memorials*
Scores of memorial services were
held throughout the state, and more
were set for Monday.
The city of Gainesville and the
UF scheduled a 9:45 a.m.service.
It will give the students and
others a chance to appropriately
express their grief, said Gaines Gainesville
ville Gainesville Mayor Byron Winn Jr. and
UF Pres. J. Wayne Reitz.
P plffi f
Cast Over 64
WASHINGTON (UPI) The
assassination of President Ken Kenedy
edy Kenedy casts a heavy fog over the
1964 political outlook.
He had been a sure bet to win
renomination at the Democratic
National Convention next year and
a heavy favorite to win re-election#
In the modern history of the presi presiis
dency, incumbent presidents
normally have won second terms.
The Republicans already were
headed toward a blood-letting con contest
test contest for their presidential nomina nomination
tion nomination and the struggle now may
become even more intense. The
GOP nomination now may appear
more attractive at least until
reliable readings can be obtained
on the popularity of President
Lyndon B. Johnson.
Johnson, who lost the nomina nomination
tion nomination to Kennedy in 1960 and then
accepted second place on the
ticket, undoubtedly will be a can candidate
didate candidate for the presidential
nomination at the Democratic
convention next August. Since
he succeeded to the White House
after the mid point of Kennedys
term, he is eligible under the
22nd Amendment for two four fouryear
year fouryear terms in his own right.
The new President must set
his own course in government
and in politics. Public opinion
polls have not yet indicated his
strength against possible Republi Republican
can Republican rivals, and months may pass
before meaningful readings can
There had been speculation
among political professionals that
Johnson might be dumped from
the 1964 Democratic ticket be because
cause because he could bring it no
If political soundings turn up
any Johnson weakness in the big
states, these could rekindle Re Republican
publican Republican interest in a candidate
with appeal.there and correspond correspondingly
ingly correspondingly damage Arizona Sen. Barry
The beneficiaries of any such
shift would be Republicans like
Richard M. Nixon and Govs.
Nelson Rockefeller of New York,
George Romney of Michigan and
William W. Scranton of Pennsy Pennsylvania.
The left wing of the Demo Democratic
cratic Democratic party has been unhappy
with Johnson. Left wing pro protests
tests protests against Johnsons 1960 nom nomination
ination nomination for vice president were
expressed in bitter terms.
Johnson is known to have been
unhappy in the vice presidency.
It was no secret in Washington
that he was bored and dissatis dissatisfied
fied dissatisfied by his responsibilities and the
power limitations necessarily
placed upon him.
Johnson denied, however, any
intent to drop off the ticket and
to seek re election to the U.S.
Senate. President Kennedy
firmly assured all comers that
Johnson would be renominated in
1964. It remains now to be seen
how vigorous an attack the left
wingers will be able to mount
It just could be that if they
attacked him hard enough, the
last 2 times 3 smash hits
open at 6; show at 7
2 hits late as 9:00 pm
JOHN WAYNE technicolor
2nd hit Joanne Woodward
new President might be driven
into the arms of the Democratic
conservatives and find among them
ample support to assure
nomination for president next
Organized labor aggressively
opposed Johnsons nomination for
either president or vice president
in 1960 but finally accepted him
in second place with grace and
some enthusiasm. Americans for
Democratic Action (ADA) balked.
There are some indications that
some lefties think better of
Johnson now than 'in 1960. New
Yorks left liberal party honored
Johnson last October as principal
speaker at the partys annual
dinner. The New York liberal
party traditionally has used its
annual dinner to spotlight some
politician of whom it approved.
The AFL CIO mid-campaign
statement in 1960 endorsing the
Democratic ticket put much em emphasis
phasis emphasis on Johnson. The AFL-Cfb
said that on balance Johnson had
a liberal record in Congress and
that he had become increasingly
liberal with the years.
It is a political fact that Johnson
cannot expect to hold any left
wing support whatever if he seeks
to iimpose budget balancing econ economies
omies economies on the federal government.
.. .status doubtful ?
a.- Ml '
.. .a possibility?
ZALE'S Q7O includes
le v price C/* chain
i fz f .-r
JFK Was The First
To Face Atomic War
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th
President of the United States,
was the first American chief exe executive
cutive executive to face the imminent possi possibility
bility possibility of nuclear was and to move to
By United Press International
President Kennedy was mourned
around the world this weekend on
both sides of the Iron Curtain.
Heads of state acclaimed him.
Persons on the streets of London,
Tokyo, Paris, and Berlin grieved,
as did many in Communist capi capitals.
Newspapers eulogized him, and
some compared his deathwith that
of Abraham Lincoln.
In Berlin 80,000 persons, many
of them weeping, marched in a
torchlight parade in demonstration
of their mourning for the man who
only five months ago saw the Com Communist
munist Communist wall and said: Ich bin ein
Berliner, I an. a Berliner
He was so young, sobbed Mary
Rayn, an Irish third cousin of the
President, so full of life, so
Sorrow gave way to anger.
A madman did this! snapped a
Swedish cabdriver Joern Nolerud.
Finally came the tributes.
Kennedy was another Lincoln,
a Russian student said softly as he
stood outside the U.S. Embassy in
Rest in peace, John Kennedy,
said the London Daily Herald. You
helped us so much. Behind it all
lay a sense of loss and the fear
of an unknown future.
You mean Kennedy is dead?
President Kennedy? asked Anni
Krauth, a German woman. Im
Europeans, including such no notables
tables notables as British Science Minister
Quintin Hogg, formerly Lork Hail Hailsham,
sham, Hailsham, and leftwing Italian Socialist
leader Pietro Nenni, wept at the
In the Vatican, Bishop Herman
Westermann of Sambalpur, India,
compared Kennedys death to the
loss of Mohandas Gandhi, Hindu
leader assassinated by a fanatic
Bishop Joseph Bowers of Ghana
feared the assasssination will
arouse again the uncertainty and
fears of the developing nations in
Pope Paul VI, who met Kennedy
twice, was offering a special Mass
for the slain Presidents soul. He
called the assassination a wicked
crime and prayed that the sacri sacrifice
fice sacrifice might help the cause of peace
BRITAIN: The tenor bell of
Westminister Abbey rang out a re requiem
quiem requiem usuall reserved for roy royalty.
RUSSIA: Premier Nikita Khru Khrushcev
shcev Khrushcev cabled President Johnson
that the assassination is a heavy
blow to all people who hold dear
the cause of peace and Soviet-
NEW YORK (UPI) -- The New
York Stock Exchange will be closed
today in observance of the death
of President Kennedy.
The American Stock Exchange
will also be closed today in tri tribute
bute tribute to the late President.
protect American interests despite
the awful nsk involved.
In the waning months of the sec second
ond second year of hisfirst term he con confronted
fronted confronted Soviet Russias Premier
Nikita Khrushchev with a demand
to remove Russian nuclear missies
set up in Cuba and pointing at the
United States. 90 miles away.
He ordered a naval quarantine
on such offensive weapons being
sent to the island nation, said ships
carrying them would be turned back
and called the Russian Premier to
withdraw the weapons already
For five days the nation and the
world waited for word from
Khurschev who was--and is--the
sworn foe of the Free World. On
Sunday, Oct. 28, came intense re relief
lief relief Khurshchev announced he had
ordered work stopped on missile
bases, said the missiles would be
crated and returned to Russia and
promised that the United Nations
-would verify the dismantling.
Although Khrushchevs retreat
was interpreted as a step forward
for the United States and the Free
World in the Cold War, there still
were trouble spots around the
earth, imperiling the peace.
And as Kennedy began the second
half of his first term, perplexing
problems which plagued him during
his first year still awaited settler
Unsolved was the question of
West Berlin which Khrushchev
sought to free of Allied occupation
troops. The United States and Rus Russia
sia Russia still were unable to agree on
disarmanment and banning of fur further
ther further nuclear test. Communist pen penetration
etration penetration continued in Southeast
Communist China had invaded
Latin America, poor and econo economically
mically economically backward, was target of
propaganda from Cuban Prime
Minister Fidel Castro, avowed dis disciple
ciple disciple of Khrushchev.
And in Africa newly emerged
nations groped their way unsteadily
toward stability, often with vio violence,
To help evaluate these problems
Kennedy had an acquaintanceship,
at least, with the world leaders.
There had been a summit
meeting with Khrushchev in Vi Vienna.
He had met abroad and
at the White House with British
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Prime Minister Harold MacMillan,
West Germany Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer and French President
Charles de Gaulle.
A steady stream of heads of
smaller governments appeared at
the executive mansions.
On the home front Kennedy still
faced recurring problems. He re received
ceived received some solace from the fact
that expected Republican inroads
in the 1962 off-year election failed
to materialize. However, the nation
was troubled by desegregation
and the business community view viewed
ed viewed Kennedy with distrust.
The race into space quickened,
Although the United States had sent
three men into solar orbit, two for
three orbits around the earth and
one for six times, Russia, spec spectacularly,
tacularly, spectacularly, at least, seemed ahead,
it had sent two men simultaneous simultaneously
ly simultaneously into twin orbits and for* many
more circuits of the globe.
The Cuban crisis in October 1962
was not the first time Cuba worried
Soon after he was inaugurated
Jan. 20, 1961 Cuban refugees with
United States backing invaded their
homeland in an attempt to wrest
it from Castro. The invasion was a
Castros Russian-built military
might crushed it completely. Anti Anticipated
cipated Anticipated defections from Castros
forces failed to materialize. And
the United States did not come to
the invaders aid militarily. U.S.
prestige abroad plummeted.
While the invasion was in
progress Khrushchev warned Ken Kennedy
nedy Kennedy to call a halt to the aggres aggression
sion aggression or else Russia would
give all necessary assistance in
resisting the invasion.
But the President replied:
In the event of any military in intervention
tervention intervention by outside force, we will
immediately honor our obligations
under the inter-American system
to protect this hemisphere against
Later, in a speech, Kennedy
warned Communist foes and non-
Communist friends that the United
States security was threatened.
This is what he did in October
1000 s Pay
WAS H ING TON(UPI) --John
Fitzgerald Kennedy lay in state
in the rotunda of the flood-lit U.S.
Capitol last night and the people
paid him mournful homage.
They filed past the flag-draped
casket by the thousands. At one
time as darkness fell the patient
throng waiting to pay their re respects
spects respects extended at least two miles.
Some had been standing in line linesix
six linesix and eight abreast for six hours
when finally they reached the bier.
Monday, N0v.25,1963 The Florida Alligator
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A HERO IN THE NATION'S HEARTS
...John F. Kennedy visited the UF in 1957. Here he's
shown with UF Pres. J. Wayne Reitz and U.S. Sen.
WASHINGTON (LJPI) Mrs.
Kennedy and Atty. Gen Robert
F. Kennedy, followed by a pro procession
cession procession of national and inter international
national international leaders, will walk behind
the casket of John Fitzgerald Ken Kennedy
nedy Kennedy today from the White House
to St. Matthews Cathedral.
The White House said re research
search research indicated that Mrs.
Kennedy would be the first widow
of a president to take part in
such a funeral march. It will
proceed for five or six blocks from
the White House to the cathedral.
It was her wish, White House
News Secretary Pierre Salinger
The route to be taken by the
march is about a half mile. The
marchers will be an almost un unparalleled
paralleled unparalleled gathering of world
The procession will include
President Johnson, former Presi Presidents
dents Presidents Dwight Eisenhower and
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The Florida Alligator Monday, N0v.25,1963
Gators 27, Miami 21
MIAMI A cheerful Ray Graves
entered the visiting lockerroom
with a smile for a change.
After two unsuccessful years
of chasing after the University
of Miami and matador George
Mira, they had finally emerged
Graves called Mira, one of the
FROM THE GATOR PIT
MIAMI With a wave of the wand and flick of the tongue Florida
Gov. Farris Bryant gave permission to UF Pres. J. Wayne Reitz to
go ahead with the scheduled UF-Miami clash despite the nations
mourning over the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
In a succeeding move Floridas chief executive then ordered all
state schools, including the UF, closed on Monday.
We, for one, do not agree. We loved the victory, and the game was
great. But the very thought of cheers and laughter while the U.S. flag
hung at half-staff in the Orange Bowl was enough to disgust us.
This was the first time in two years that the UF had beaten the
Hurricanes. It also marked the end of Miamis matador, George Mira,
and his dominance over the Gators.
Like we said, we loved the win .... But
Miamis mayor, Robert King High, in a desperate last minute attempt
to postpone the game, stormed out of the pressbox just before the
We might note that his attempts started too late Friday afternoon.
Lets all get behind Graves for this week for our Tallahassee sisters.
The yellow-paper caper will ride again. Thats where all UF students
display yellow papers at the UF FSU game Saturday.
Gator Sports Editor Dave Berkowitz viewed the game from his
seat in the stands, with his parents. We wish our parents could have
come but they couldnt because we had to operate things when he yelled,
Boy we really showed them. Both tean>s wanted this one real bad. But
we wanted it more and we finally Mira. Hes a great one.
Jerry Newcomer, another Miamian, who played under now U F assistant
Ottis Mooney at Miami Senior, was only too happy to win at his
They played a great game, he said, but so did we.
1 V ff Bmh|
SH I- H
At the Gainesville Livestock Market
5001 N.W. 13th St.
By ERNIE UTZ
Assistant Sports Editor
Greatest quarterbacks Ive ever
seen and he deserves every bit
of acclaim that he gets.
At least in the future Im
not going to have night-Miras
Graves heaped praise upon star
halfback Hagood Clarke.
It was fitting that Clarke, a
great competitor, playing on a bad
ankle, should make that 70-yard
scoring run in his hometown. Hes
probably our most valuable player
and is having an outstanding senior
year. Graves said proudly.
Tampas Raven, halfback
Alan Poe, who played a great
game, also drew praise from the
head Gator. Alan is a real night
ballplayer. He loves it.
Poe, himself, said that it was a
They really hit us hard, and,
believe me, George Mira certainly
is an All-American quarterback.
Senior end Russ Brown from
Miami Edison High School raved,
It was great to win at home for
Brown was munching on a huge
chunk of cheesecake sent to the
UF linebacker Jim Bernhardt,
who played his high school ball
under Ottis Mooney at Miami
Senior High School, was all grins
from the press box.
The remodeled Orange Bowl was
an amazing sight. Even the light lighting
ing lighting was good, a condition which
UF Head Coach Graves deplored
Sunday morning quarterbacks
are still disputing Tommy
Shannons calling passed with less
than two minutes to play.
For the first time in eight years,
Anyd Gustafson, complained about
the officiating of a game.
Back in 1955 I complained
loud and long about the officiating
at our game with Georgia Tech.
I was severly reprimanded, said
Tonight I will leave it up to
the individual fan to decide on
the caliber of officiating at the
When asked if the pass play
at the end of the game to Russ
Brown was a fumble, Gustafson
gave a very strong Definitely.
Other than the officiating Gus Gustafson
tafson Gustafson could think of nothing else
that he wasnt pleased with except
We played our finest game of
the season and for that matter
so did Florida, said the
Marlboro < j Marlhoro >]
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of empty MARLBORO, PARLIAMENT, ALPINE, PHILIP MORRIS
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WHO WIalS.* nd tb 3r 40 004 b ve to t> packed seperate.
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many packs they have and an address where they can
be counted, with the cashier at the College Inn.
k. Winners will be announced as soon as a complete
count of all entries has been made.
SAYE TOUB PACKS I
Hurricane's head coach.
Mira is of course heart broken
because of that fumble that went
awry at midfield, but I still think
this was one of Georges best
Tonight I watched the Memorial
to President Kennedy on T.V.
Tonight the University of Florida
Gators played the University of
Miami Hurricanes in the Orange
Yesterday, one of the greatest
men who has ever lived, one who
was wholly dedicated to the prin principles
ciples principles of our country, one who
was very sympathetic towards all
people, one who will live in our
minds and hearts forever, John
Fitzgerald Kennedy, our 35th
President, was killed by a bullet,
shot by a demeted criminal.
Who cares if a football game
cannot be rescheduled? Is our
society and especially our uni university
versity university society, so geared toward
the glory of our team that a great
tragedy in the lives of the people
of the world can be overlooked?
Yes, the world must go on. But
why, without giving Mr. Kennedy
the respect that he earned and
desired from all throughout the
Irony: 100 years ago, a presi president
dent president was assassinated who fought
for the same thing, both succeeded
by Johnsons from the South. Both
assassins found in a theatre.
History repeats itself? Why
not take the hint Remember
what happened before the flood,
before the Fall of the Rorhan Em Empire?
Linda Stoop, 3ED
.. .flies at half staff.
MIAMI The status of the
Miami-Florida football game
was in doubt for many hours after
news of the assassination of Presi President
dent President Kennedy in Dallas, Texas.
Most observers close to the
scene felt a cancellation was all
but assured. Miami has games
booked with Pittsburgh and
Alabama in the next two weeks.
Florida ends its season with
Florida State next week and by
Dec. 14, first date possible to
play had a postponement resulted,
the UF would be in the midst of
the exams for the first trimester.
Men or Women
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