Vol. 55, No. 65
VOTE Taps Purcell
For Treasurer Race
By HOWARD STONESIFER
John Purcell, law student and
former president of Pi Kappa Al Alpha
pha Alpha fraternity, Jumped on the VOTE
party bandwagon last night as its
nominee for student body trea treasurer.
Purcells nomination, announced
by party officials, fills the last
empty spot in the VOTE partys
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Ready To Begin
...Jerry Purcell, from left, has joined VOTE Party can candidates,
didates, candidates, Paul Hendrick and Frank Harshaw to run for the
office of Treasurer of the UF Student Body.
HAVANA (UPI) Premier Fidel
Castro set himself up as a
champion for unity within the
Socialist world yesterday and
called on the Soviet Union and
Communist China to patch up their
In a speech to a leftist-led
All America Women's Congress"
which ended early yesterday,
Castro urged Communist countries
which have "discrepancies" to
unite "within the Marxist-
He indicated he sympathized
with the Chinese. In particular,
be assailed "false Interpretations
of history" in an apparent dig
at premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's
peaceful coexistence line.
University of Florida, Gainesville
Big Three, which are presi president,
dent, president, vice president and trea treasurer.
The complete VOTE party slate
will be announced later this week,
according to party presidential
candidate Paul Hendrick.
Hendrick, incumbent Student
Body Treasurer, said John Pur Purcell
cell Purcell is an unusually competent man.
He stands out both in inte integrity
grity integrity and experience --qualifi-
NEWS IN BRIEF
WASHINGTON (UPI) The
Kennedy administration indicated
yesterday that the unbalanced
budget going to Congress today
will be followed by another deficit
financing program next year.
Treasury Secretary Douglas
Dillon said the government faces
the prospect of many more deficits
if Congress fails to approve the
President's tax cut program. Even
if it is approved, he said, there
will be some more "deficits."
The President sends Congress
at noon today his budget for the
fiscal year starting July LBased
on his proposed tax reduction,
the $99 billion spending plan calls
for a substantial deficit.
Thursday, January 17, 1963
cations vital to a capable trea treasurer.
surer. treasurer. John can add invaluable
strength to any student Govern Government.
I am proud that he has agreed
to seek this office, Hendrick said.
Hendrick commented that the
campaign was off to a fine be beginning
ginning beginning and that student interests
in the results of the upcoming
Feb. 7 Student Government Elec Elections
tions Elections were high.
I am quite excited, Hendrick
said, about the many people who
have expressed interest in
helping us build a stronger voice
for student interests.
Believing that students see num numerous
erous numerous improvements possible in
Student Government (SG), VOTE
nominee Hendrick said SG can not
sit back on its heels and be con content
tent content with what has already been
At a Vote Party rally earlier
this week, Hendrick and Vice-
Presidental nominee Frank Har Harshaw
shaw Harshaw were announced the partys
hopefuls to about 300 people.
In an apparent bid for the favor
of the two major interest groups
on campus, independents and
Greeks, independents Hendrick
and I#^haw fill the two top spots,
while PiKA Purcell's nomination
places a Greek among the trium triumverate.
Purcell, a 25 year old Navy
veteran, is from St. Augustine.
He came to the UF in 1954,
and since then has received Pres.
Rietzs Academic Award as many
years as it has been awarded.
Purcell did graduate work in
Math, but transferred to law with
a 3.72 average when he was just
three hours short of a masters
degree in mathematics.
He has been president of Pi Kappa
Alpha Fraternity and served on its
finance, executive and Judiciary
Purcell is a member of Phi
Eta Sigma, freshman honorary fra fraternity,
ternity, fraternity, John Marshall Bar Associ Association
ation Association and Phi Delta Phi, legal
He is unmarried.
BERLIN (UPI) Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev, in an
unusually mild mood, put the Berlin
crisis on ice for an indefinite
period yesterday. In the same tenor
he sought to call a truce in
Moscow's dispute with Communist
Obviously in top form, the Soviet
leader addressed the East German
Communist party in East Berlin
for 2 hours and 35 minutes.
While he spoke, the Communists
dispatched police reinforcements
to the east side of their Berlin
anti-refugee wall. This led to re reports
ports reports Khrushchev might tour the
wall, but such a visit failed to
8 Profs Honored
Voted By Students
.. .as the best classroom lower division teachers are,first
row, from left, Dr. A. L. Lewis, Jack S. Funkhauser,
Dr. Robert E. Carson and Dr. Ira J. Gordon. Second row
are Robert E. Park, Dr. Ernest Bartley, Dr. Arthur Thomp Thompson
son Thompson and Dr. Robert Marcus.
Nationally known educator
Winslow R. Hatch called here last
night for the pursuit of excellence
in education as eight UF professors
were honored at a student-faculty
Professors receiving merit
awards were Dr. Robert Marcus
in physical science, Dr. Arthur
Thompson in history, Dr. Robert
E. Carson in humanities, Jack S.
Funkhouser in humanities, Dr. Er Ernest
nest Ernest Bartley in political science,
Dr. Ira J. Gordon in education,
Dr. A. L. Lewis in philosophy
TALLAHASSEE (UPI) A space
age size higher education budget
totaling $248 million which
provided pay raises of up to 21
per cent was urged yesterday by
the State Board of Control.
Chairman Baya Harrison said
the full amount must be provided
for the universities to keep up
with predicted growth. But, he said,
the school could operate on less.
Proposed construction would take
$lO3 million of total spending and
the remainder, $145 million, would
go for operations. The board pro proposed
posed proposed that at least $45 million be
provided from general revenue
for construction and the rest, If
necessary, be ruthorizedfrom sale
The $145 million figure, a $54
million Increase over current ap*
proprlatlons, included $989 million
alone which would go specifically
for education activities in the
Budgets for the big university
system received top priority In
the first of the final two days of
hearings on a record sl3 billion
In proposed spending for the
coming two years. Budget officials
have said S3OO million or more
(SEE Board, Pago 3)
See Story Below
and humanities and Robert E. Park
Hatch, director of U.S. studies
on higher education, toldasparcely
filled University Auditorium that
the future of the United States will
be determined on the university
campuses. He said it is a question
of the degree of effort, sober
reflection, perceptiveness and
collective wisdom that makes a
university great or less great.
According to Hatch, students
must accept responsibility not only
in their studies but in the life of
Secretary of Academic Affairs
John Young presented engraved
gold plaques to each of the eight
professors, designed to recognize
superior teaching in the classroom.
More than 1,000 students cast
BARTLEY first came to the UF
in 1949. An advisor, to the Student
Government Service Organization,
he holds a doctorate degree from
the University of California.
CARSON, is known on campus
for his performances with a fiddle
and his watercolors. He holds a
Ph. D. from the University of Mich Michigan.
igan. Michigan. He came to the UF in 1946.
GORDON received his doctorate
from Teachers College of
Columbia University. He came to
the UF in 1956.
FUNKHOUSER received his B.M.
from Southwestern University and
his M.M. from Peabody College
and came to the UF two years ago.
DR. LEWES received his B.A.
and M.A. from the UF and received
his Ph.D. in philosophy from Duke
University. He came to the UF
to teach in 1957.
DR. MARCUS received his B.A.
M.A, and EE.D. from the UF.
He began teaching here in 1955.
Youngest of the eight and the
newest member of the faculty is
PARK, former student body presi president
dent president and Florida Alligator Man
of the Year in 1961. He holds a
B.A. B.S. and LL.B. from the UF.
Dr. THOMPSON, 42, has taught
at the UF 3ince 1946. He holds
M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from
The Florida Alligator Thursday / January 17, 1963
To Get Tough
About 30 Army Reserve Officers
Training Corps (ROTC) students
have left the ordered ranks of
drill squads for a new Gator
Raider" unit, designed to teach
cadets counter guerrilla tactics.
ROTC cadets in the unit study
hand-to-hand combat, map
reading, tactical problems in
patrolling and other guerrilla
This detachment of the Army
ROTC program has thirty
members. The students selected
for the Gator Raiders must have
a 2.0 academic average, a B"
or better average in military
courses, and must pass a regular
Army physical and combat
Major John M. Holko Jr., Army
officer in charge of the unit, said
the Raiders" train during regular
drill periods. Additional training
is available during the week for
those who do not have schedule
The training gives the cadets
a good background for higher ranks
and it prepares them for summer
camps, Major Holko said.
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What responsibilities will you start with at W. E.?"
Exciting ones. With plenty of room for your pro professional
fessional professional development. Western Electrics busi business
ness business depends on new ideas. And new engineers
take responsible, immediate part in projects
that implement the entire art of telephony
including electronic telephone offices, compu computer-controlled
ter-controlled computer-controlled production techniques and
microwave transmission. On many of these ex exciting
citing exciting advances in communications, Westerns
engineers work closely with engineers from our
research team-mate, Bell Telephone Laborato Laboratories.
ries. Laboratories. For Western Electric to maintain the Bell
System's ultra-high quality standards, extraor extraordinary
dinary extraordinary manufacturing, process and testing
Western Electric MANUFACTURING AND SUPPLY UNIT OP THE BELL SYSTEM
An equal opportunity employer . VL/
Principal manufacturing locations in 13 cities Operating centers in many of these same cities plus 36 others throughout the U S.
Engineering Research Center, Princeton, N. J. Teletype Corp., Skokie, HI., Little Rock, Ark. Gen. Hq 195 Broadway, N Y. 7, N Y.
Florida Players 'Lavalier
12 at Initiation Ceremony
Twelve UF students wore screw screwshaped
shaped screwshaped lavaliers around their
necks last week as newest pledges
of Florida Players, campus
techniques are required. Opportunities for fast fastmoving
moving fastmoving careers exist now for electrical, me mechanical
chanical mechanical and industrial engineers, and also for
physical science, liberal arts and business
For more detailed information, get your copy of
the Western Electric career opportunities book booklet
let booklet from your Placement Officer. Or write Col College
lege College Relations Coordinator, Western Electric
Company, Room 6306, 222 Broadway, New
York 38, New York. And be sure to arrange for
a personal interview when the Bell System re recruiting
cruiting recruiting team comes to visit your campus this
yearor during your senior year.
honorary dramatic society.
The pledge group, largest in
Players history, included Sandy
Belk, 2UC; Mike Doyle, 2UC;Herb
Ice Water Teas
Net 48 Pledges
Sororities were caught in the
whirlwind of plans, parties and
bids this week.
New pledge pins will be given
to 48 coeds who completed formal
sorority rush Tuesday afternoon.
Saturday and Sunday sororities
entertained 138 women at ice-water
tea and preferential parties.
There was no appreciable
difference in the number of girls
participating this year in second
semester rush compared to past
years," said Joan Gllliatt, Secre Secretary
tary Secretary of womens affairs.
The principal difference was
the change from the customary
one week rush period to the two
Three sororities, Alpha Chi
Gilliland, 3AS; LeaGramling, 3AS;
Pat Hector, 2UC Gerry Jones,
lUC; Alan Kirk, 3AS; JoanLukacs,
3AS; Iris Marantz, 4ED; Marion
Pontak, 4ED; Rick Schuster, 2UC;
Earl Soukup, 3EG, and Bev
The students were officially
installed Sunday afternoon on the
Norman Hall stage, the site of
many Players productions which
helped them win the necessary 25
points for membership. Each
started out as apprentice players
and gained points through creating
characters, scenery, makeup and
Five students were awarded
Florida Players Keys for service,
the highest award a Player can
receive. To get one each must
acquire an additional 35 points
(210 hours) in either an acting
job, set construction or costume
design and development.
New Key members also
recognized Sunday, are Taylor
Brooks, Larry Director, Walt
Granger, Diane Pelfrey, and
Florida Players Pres. A1 Welburg.
The UF has enrolled 12,506 stu students
dents students for its winter trimester Re Registrar
gistrar Registrar Richards. Johnson announ announced
ced announced today.
The number exceeds the 12,359
registered for the second semester
in session at this time last year.
The breakdown showed 8,747 men
and 3,759 women enrolled as stu students
dents students in the 15 different colleges
The University College,
composed of all freshmen and
sophomores, continued to show the
largest enrollment containing
3,663 men and 1,906 women.
The next largest colleges in
order are Arts and Sciences with
1,855; Education with 1,200; and
Engineering with 1,170 students
Outside of the University College
more men students (1,275)
are studying in the arts and sci sciences
ences sciences while the most women (783)
are in the areas of education.
One male student is enrolled in
the College of Nursing while seven
women are studying to become en engineers.
Among the new students are 64
students from foreign countries.
These include 24 from Latin Amer America,
ica, America, 20 from the Near East anrj
Southern Asia, 15 from the Far
East, four from Europe and one
from South Africa.
Omega, Delta Delta Delta and
Kappa Delta, did not rush formally
this trimester since they were
either above quota limitation (65)
or had too few openings to warrent
Girls pledging were:
Alpha Delta Pi Cathleen Cald Caldwell
well Caldwell of Orlando, Judith Mastry of
St. Petersburg, Diana Lee Simpson
of Lake Park and Peggy Ann
Williams of Clinton, Tenn.
Alpha Epsilon Phi Barbara
Lee Bloom of Miami, Susan Ellen
Freundlich of North Miami, Susan
Sarah Permut of Valpariso and
Sandra Jay Schwartz of Miami
Alpha Omicron Pi June Carol
Gallo of Tampa and Carol Sue
Weaver of Pensacola.
Chi Omega Patricia Lee Beatty
of Frostproff, Constance Claire
Bowen of Miami, Terry Virginia
Davock of Ft. Lauderdale, Betty
Sue Landrum of Tampa and Fran Frances
ces Frances Winfree of Tampa.
Delta Gamma Linda Culler
of Charlotte, N.C., Dale Dunwody
of Coral Gables, Bonnie Fultz of
Jacksonville, Patricia Hilley of
Atlanta, Ga., Dee Anna Malaska of
Orlando, Juliana Troxell of Sara Sarasota
sota Sarasota and Edna Elnora Wright of
Delta Phi Epsilon Anette Franco
of Chattanooga, Tenn.
Kappa Alpha Theta Mary A.
Victoria Chulbb of Greenwich,
Conn., Ellen S. Conrad of Daytona
Beach, Betty Hill of Tampa, Marie
Kommendant of Lakewood, N. J.,
Andree J. Le Dantec of St. Pet Petersburg
ersburg Petersburg and Ann Walton of
Phi Mu Linda Bussey of
Arlington Va., Patience Giles of
ormond Beach, Frances Anne
Pearce of Gainesville and Carolyn
Watt of Mac Dill AFB, Tampa.
Sigma Kappa Mary Sandra
Messmore of Miami; Carolyn
(Kitty) Morley of Jacksonville,
Julia Phyllis OConnor of Pompano
Beach and Sally May Sitar of
Zeta Tau Alpha Sharon A.
Boucher of Clearwater, Julie
Castorina of Pensacola, Ritz
Cecere of Miami, Charlotte Mira Mirabella
bella Mirabella of Tampa, Sandra Louise
Coates of Winter Haven, Doris
Miriam Conrad of Miami, Valerie
Haskin of Miami, Susan Richter
Nau of Daytona, Karen Lee Peters
of St. Petersburg, Gloria Smith
of Jacksonville and Susan Werner
To Mardi Gras
UFs Gator Guard and the Billy
Mitchell Drill Team will travel
to New Orleans Feb. 23 to
participate in Mardi Gras
About 40 members of the Gator
Guard and 30 members of the
Air Force Billy Mitchell team
will attend the King Rex parade
for the third consecutive year.
The students .will travel by bus,
march in the King Rex parade
on Shrove Tuesday and attend the
Rex Ball that night.
Well head for home in the
wee hours' of the morning," Air
Force tactical officer Capt. Paul
Student government has
contributed part of the funds needed
to finance the trip. The rest of
the traveling money was raised
by the cadets, who have worked
at football games and sold cold
drinks on the drill field.
The drill team members practice
about four hours a week for the
Mardi Gras parade. Earlier in
the year, the teams practiced up
to ten hours a week to prepare
for UF Homecoming and Pre-
Growl according to Herbert.
tt >4 JL J (L
... blood for a patient in the J. HillisMiller Health Center Hospital who is to under undergo
go undergo an open heart operation. Raymond Hanson, Medical Center patient, will requirea
minimum of 14 pints of blood during the opernfion. About 30 Sigma Chi's donated the
blood for Hanson, a friend of Chick Holden, past president of the fraternity.
Board Plans Budget
(Continued From Page 1)
must be sliced from the budgets
to bring proposed spending down
to anticipated revenue.
Other budgets presented during
the hearing were: . state
comptroller, $9,345,474, and the
educational television commission,
Proposed salary raises for uni university
versity university personnel ranged from a
low of 168 per cent for the Florida
Atlantic University to a high of 21
per cent at Florida A&M.
A high percentage of the
Increases will go to administrative
personnel who were missed during
current Increases, Harrison said.
Sizable increases were proposed
for the presidents of all
universities and for J. Broward
Culpepper, executive director for
Salary raises of 193 per cent
were proposed for the University
of Florida employes, 175 per cent
at Florida State University and
194 per cent at the University of
The following presidential pay
raises were proposed: From $17,-
500 to $25,000 a year for
Culpepper, UF Pres. J. Wayne
Reitz and Florida State Univer University
sity University Pres. Gordon Blackwell,
$13,000 to $17,000 for George Gore,
president of A&M, $16,500 to $19,-
000 for Kenneth Williams, head
of Florida Atlantic and $16,500 to
$20,000 for John Allen, president
of the University of South Florida.
Culpepper said the proposed
raises would put state university
323 NW 6th ph 376-2558
ast sidt of ACL dpot
Frtt Pick-up & Dtlivtry
salaries in a position exceeding
75 per cent of pay at comparable
institutions in the nation. But he
warned that schools in other states
Medical aspects of speech
impairment will be the subject
of a talk by a California speech
pathologist Thursday (Jan. 17)
at 8 p.m. in Room 324, Florida
The speaker is Dr. Hans von
Led en, associate professor of
otolaryngology at the University
of California at Los Angeles and
Dresident of the Institute of
Laryngology and Voice Disorders
at the West Coast school.
Dr. von Leden was co-founder
with Dr. G. Paul Moore, chairman
of the UF Department of Speech,
of the original Institute of
Laryngology and Voice Disorders
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could again catch up because tuere
had been considerable alarm"
over manpower competition pic picture.
Culpepper said the budget in included
cluded included $62 million needed to place
the systems conversion to a
trimester, year-round system on
a going basis. The current budget
contained only funds for one year
operation on the trimester plan.
Harrison said the $54 million
increase was a must if Florida
was to keep up with predicted
growth and hold its competitive
position among other states. He
said there were about 30,675 stu students
dents students in the universities now and
36,000 were expected by 1964 when
the Influx of war babies hit the
We can operate for less,
Harrison told the hearing, if you
want less. We can provide what whatever
ever whatever type of university system the
people of Florida want or can get."
Thursday / January 17, 1963 The Florida Alligator
Cheaters Get Boot,
No Penalty Hours
By Sally Truitt
UF students caught cheating
now face suspension instead of
penalty hours, UF Honor Court
Chancellor Tad Davis said
Previously, 12 to 15 hours were
added to the student's graduation
requirments upon conviction, but
students may have to leave school
for one to three trimesters under
the new ruling, Davis said. The
new policy goes into immediate
A few exceptions to the
suspension rules will be made for
students pleading guilty or involved
in a milder offense, Davis said.
Extreme cases may receive both
Most students consider penalty
hours a lesser penalty since
university college students may
still graduate with their class by
taking additional hours each tri trimester.
More UC students are caught
cheating than upper division
students, probably due to the
sensitive machines grading the
tests, Davis said.
One reason for the policy change,
Davis said, is that penalty hours
shift the penalty to the parent
who must foot the cost for the
Many students who receive
penalty hours have no Intention
of finishing school, thus they have
no real penalty, Davis said.
The new policy is also more
consistent with the penal
procedures of many other colleges
and universities using the honor
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tor the study break
puts our diamonds
A hrough the magic of science this remark remarkable
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system, Davis said. The policy
change is authorized by the present
student body constitution.
A noted publisher in Chicago
reports there is a simple tech technique
nique technique of rapid reading which
should enable you to double
your reading speed and yet re retain
tain retain much more. Most people do
not realize how much they could
increase their pleasure, success
and income by reading faster
and more accurately.
According to this publisher,
anyone, regardless of his present
reading skill, can use this simple
technique to improve his read reading
ing reading ability to a remarkable de degree.
gree. degree. Whether reading stories,
textbooks, technical matter, it
becomes possible to read sen sentences
tences sentences at a glance and entire
pages in seconds by following
To acquaint the readers of
this newspaper with the easy
rules for developing rapid read reading,
ing, reading, the company has printed
full details of its interesting self selftraining
training selftraining method in a new book,
"Adventures In Reading Im Improvement,
provement, Improvement, which will be
mailed free to anyone who re requests
quests requests it. No obligation. Simply
send your request to: Reading
Program. 835 Diversey Pkwy.,
Dept. 3701 Chicago 14, 111. A
postcard wilT do.
The Florida Alligator Thursday, January 17, 1963
'Search for Meaning 1
Religion Week Theme
Our Search for Meaning" will
be the theme of the 14th annual
Religion In Life Week presented
on campus Jan. 20-25.
IT Luxuriously soft new seats I
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It is written in the legends of the steppes how the renegade son of Taras Bulba defied the armies
of two nations-and stole into the besieged city of Dubno-there, to make love to a beautiful woman.
Outside the walled city coiled the armies of Taras Bulba. They had swarmed across the plains like
locusts, laying waste to the pagan world until only the mighty Polish Empire stood in their way.
,1 iwy *'' '"' 1 | '
Sponsored by the University Re Religious
ligious Religious Association and the Depart Department
ment Department of Religion, the program will
be focused on mans attempt to
understand his human character characteristics.
The approach of asking
questions and examining problem
areas will be continued the same
as last year," General Chairman
Mike Crews said.
Six luncheons are planned at
which speakers have an opportunity
to explore a specific problem. The
luncheon programs are as follows:
The Racial Struggle and the
Struggle for Meaning," Dr. Waldo
Beach, Duke University Divinity
School, 12 p.m. Monday in the Hub
The Professor's Role in the
Quest for Meaning, Dr. George
A. Buttrick, Harvard University,
12:15 p.m. Monday at the Baptist
Intellectual Inquiry and the
Search for Meaning, Dr. Waldo
Beach, 12:15 p.m. Tuesday at the
Baptist Student Center.
Religion Within the Secular Uni University,
versity, University, Dr. George A. Buttrick,
12:30 p.m. Tuesday in the Hub
Freedom, Authority and the
Search for Meaning, Professor
William Muehl, Yale University
Divinity School, 12 p.m. Wednesday
in the Hub Blue Room.
The American Way of Life and
our Search for Meaning, Dr. Syl Sylvan
van Sylvan D. Schwartzman, Hebrew Union
College, 12 p.m. Thursday in the
Hub Blue Room.
Plans for a Florida Union
sponsored group flight to Europe
will be discussed tonight at 8 in
the Florida Union Auditorium.
UF students, faculty and staff
who have been on the campus six
months are eligible to participate
and may sign up at any time in
room 115 at the Union.
Departure date from Mlewild
in New York has been set for
June 20. Return from London to
New York will be August 26.
A sllO depost must be made by
April 1 with the remainder of the
$3lO to be paid by May 15.
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Prof Solves Riddle
Os Sanskrit Fables
By PAT WILKINSON
UF Mathematics Prof. Ali R.
Amir-Moez for over 17 years
has been adapting 2,000 -year-old
Sanskrit fables into_ English and
Persian and painting the illustra illustrations
tions illustrations in water colors.
Since some of the realism of
years ago is not acceptable today
changes had to be made, Dr.
Amir-Moez said, so the fables
must be called adaptations rather
The fables are adapted from a
play entitled Kaleeleh and
Demneh, written by a wise man
Vishnusharman was a subject
of a Persian king named Perpet Perpetual
ual Perpetual Power who lived in a city called
Girl Happiness. Vishnusharman
wrote all the knowledge of the time
into fables in Sanskrit and taught
them to the kings three sons.
Amir-Moez adapted the play
Kaleeleh and Demneh into Per Persian
sian Persian for his students while teach teaching
ing teaching drama at Teheran University.
Able to get the police permission
necessary in Iran to produce the
Open to All
UF students with a flair for
speaking will have an opportunity
to participate in the First Annual
Campus wide Public Speaking
Contest to be held in February.
The contest is sponsored by
the debate society, and is open
to representatives of fraternity,
sororities and independent organ organizations.
Each organization may sponsor
one contestant. Two finalists will
be chosen from each division, and
a trophy will be awarded to the
winner's sponsor organization.
Division contests will be held
on the following dates; fraternity,
Feb. 4; independent, Feb. 11; and
sorority, Feb. 18.
The campus championship finals
will be held on Feb.2s. The six
division finalists will participate
and a trophy will be awarded to
Interested students should check
with head resident counselors in
the dormitories, fraternity or
sorority presidents, or check by
the debate office, Tigert 327, for
Applications for the contest must
be turned in by Jan. 30. Debate
society members are not eligible.
play, he then could not find a pro producer.
Amir-Moez received a B.A. de degree
gree degree in mathematics from Teheran
University but caught up in art
activities, he taught drama there
for several years.
After leaving Teheran, Amir-
Moez received M.S. and Ph.D. de degrees
grees degrees in mathematics at the Uni University
versity University of California. He taught
mathematics at UF for two years
but continues to make illustra illustrations
tions illustrations and English adaptations from
Shift to Hub
Students can dance Saturday at
8 p.m. to the music of the Playboys
at the Student Service Center (Hub),
new home of the Broward Hops.
Sponsored Jointly by student
government and the UF Food
Service, the dances have been
moved from Broward to the Second
Floor of the Hub because of the
more central location on campus.
The hops are free and we want
everyone to come out and have a
good time, said assistant director
of food service., W. R. Poteat.
During the dances the fountain,
grill and snack bar downstairs
in the center will be open.
Poteat said the only restrictions
that would be enforced at the dances
are no cokes on the dance floor,
reasonable dress and no alcoholic
Two additional dances Saturday
night are scheduled for the Hub
on Jan. 23 and Feb. 2.
LOST ON campus - ladies gold
Gruen wrist watch. Finder please
contact Sue Barice, Room 12-13,
Jennings. FR 2-6381* (63-3 t-c).
TYPING DONE on electric type typewriter
writer typewriter in my home. Please phone
FR 6-7829 after 6 p.m. (64-35-c).
FOR SALEI9SB Vespa scooter,
excellent condition. Phone FR 6-
1962 AUSTIN HEALY Sprite
roadster. Less than 3,000 miles.
Excellent condition. Heater and
tonneau cover. Very reasonable.
Call FR 2-6331 or FR 2-3874.
GRADUATE STUDENT urgently
needs lost book entitled El
Liberalismo en el gobierno: 1930-
1946. Call 372-1601 after 7 p.m.
Reward. (64-2 t-P)
PRIVATE MUST sell 1960 Thun Thunderbird
derbird Thunderbird hardtop. Immaculate con condition.
dition. condition. See Dennis Pupello, Town
& Country Trailer Park. (65-
ATTRACTIVE cheerful room in
quiet home. $35 per month. Stu Student
dent Student desk and lamp, linens fur furnished.
nished. furnished. Phone, kitche n privi privileges.
leges. privileges. 372-8944. (65-2 t-c).
FOR SALE by owner, 3 BR, 2
baths in NW section. Central
heat-air conditioning, low monthly
payments. Phone 6-6314 after 4
WILL CARE FOR infants or small
children by day or night in private
home. 1406 NW sth Ave, Phone
MALE ROOMMATE wanted. Share
house with 2 more.. $35 per month
plus one-third utilities. ,4632 SW
47th Way. Phone 2-3788 or 6-
5835. (65-2 t-c).
LOST--Kappa Alpha Theta pin,
vicinity of Florida Union. Please
contact Sue Ballard, FR 2-5329.
Z t . T *. **. T - *4 #<*
Hartmann Comments on Red Answers
EDITOR'S NOTE: Below is a
reply from Professor Frederick
H. Hartmann, specialist in inter international
national international relations, who we asked
to write a commentary on the
Communist Party's answers to
Student Body President Bill
Trickel's questions as printed in
The Florida Alligator, Sunday, Jan.
The questions referred to by
Question 2. Do you believe
in the right of people to decide
for themselves through majority
votes, how and by whom they
shall be governed? If so, how do
you explain the denial of free
elections in every Communist
Questlon3. While in Communist
countries every opposition to the
'party' is suppressed on the
assumption that it is for the 'good
of the country,' do you believe
that it is a weakness of our system
to tolerate political opposition,
such as that of the Communist
Question 4. You have been invited
to speak at over thirty colleges
and universities in the United
States. How do you explain the
denial of such opportunity to
explain the American 'viewpoint'
in Communist countries?"
Yul Portrays Pole;
Tony Wins Christine
By JUDY BARNES
From the deep, dark reaches
of Polish history, Hollywood has
dug up a character. His name is
Taras Bulba and he romps,
guzzles and makes merry in a
movie by the same name now
playing at the Florida.
Taras Bulba, played by Yul
Brynner, is acharacter as
ridiculous and unbelievable as his
name. He-mannish to the point
of being ape-mannish, he trios to
show off his acrobatic prowess by
throwing his son (Tony Curtis)
in the well. One more throw and
the entire audience probably would
have gotten up and left.
The movie doesn't make a bad
night's viewing, but it won't win
any academy awards. The charac characters
ters characters are too neat and sweetthey
just aren't real.
Bulba is supposedly the leader
of a group of barbarians called
the Cossacks. This group hid
out in the hills of Poland under
the pretense of wanting a free
Ukraine, but from all appearances
given by Yul Brynner and Tony
Curtis, it was just to be a group
Tony Curtis plays the part of
a nice little boy, usually dressed
in a bine smock. He and his brother
are sent off to be educated by the
monks. While they are supposedly
studying, they are doing everything
Beauty Box /
Edna Cox Doris Moore
Nancy McMillan, owner $
932 W. Univ. <> >
Short walk from campus /
I will not attempt to deal with
all the questions and answers.
Question two asks about free
elections. The Communists make
the valid point that all Negroes
in the United States still do not
get to vote without running into
coercion and threat. But they then
say that free elections do prevail
in the socialist countries.
Participation ... is about 95-
Even 100 per cent would not
prove it is democratic in our sense.
They admit the Soviet Union has
a single-party system though it
did not begin that way in 1917."
The Implication is they have pro progressed"
gressed" progressed" to that since. All the
East European countries and China
have a multiple-party system."
That is, I believe, quite true. For
example, in East Germany, there
is a CDU party and the equivalent
in name of other West German
parties. Reliable (1.e., pro-Com pro-Communist)
munist) pro-Communist) people run the ml They
have been permitted to elect
reliable" candidates to the
Volkskammer or Parliament. This
is pure window-dressing as any
reputable political scientist knows.
They next make the point that
all types of people's organ organizations,"
izations," organizations," trade unions and the
like, can nominate candidates.
This is true.
The best part of the movie (for
boys) is the tantallzingly virginal
Christine Kaufmann, of Town
Without Pity" fame. She and
schoolboy Tony Curtis have quite
a love affair.
The sadists and the movie
gourmets arent left out either.
They will get to view Taras Bulba
chop off a man's hand before
their very eyes, Bulba purify a
wound by pouring vodka on it and
lighting it, and Tony Curtis win
a precipice jump (the looser falls,
horse and all, miles below).
The jollier parts of the movie
include some of the Cossack
festivals. Their idea of party
games is picking up horses and
carrying them around, and of
course getting roaring drunk.
There is nothing special about
the direction of the flick, except
in some of the fleeting love scenes
of Christine Kaufmann.
TROUBADOUR PRODUCTIONS PRESENT
FRI, JAN -4.5 t- 8:30 pm. Jacksonville Civic
SAT, JAN 26th 8:30 pm. Tampa Municipal
SUN, JAN 27th 8:00 pm. Dade County
MON, JAN 28th 8:00 pm. Orlando Municipal
TICKETS WILL BE ON SALE AT AUDITORIUM
BOX OFFICES DAY OF SHOW
The Communists go to great
length to generate supposed
popular enthusiasm for these
candidates. They are handpicked
although, it is true, sometimes
in rare cases a popular individual
is allowed to run even though he
is not acceptable to the leadership.
Question three asks whether the
Communists believe our system
weak in tolerating political oppo opposition,
sition, opposition, such as that of the
Communist party." The
Communists answer with a valid
point that their activities here
have been severely curbed and
curtailed and in many cases out outlawed."
lawed." outlawed." I believe we were quite
unwise to prevent Communists
from running openly for office.
Our driving them underground
conceals how little support they
have and suggests fear on our part
that they could gain office legally.
It presents them with this fine
Question four comments on how
the Communists have been allowed
to speak at some American uni universities
versities universities and asks how they explain
denying us a reciprocal privilege.
They answer by pointing out that
the greatest number of American
universities do not allow them to
speak. This is true and I doubt
that it is wise policy although I
Thursday, January 17, 1963,- The Florida Alligator
would not be in favor of allowing
them to speak purely on their own
terms, choosing their own
speakers and occasions. Uni Universities
versities Universities should hear all views but
the universities must decide when
and who should be heard. They go
on to claim they are acompletely
Independent party whose supreme
responsibility at all times is to
our own (American) people and
This is the purest falsehood.
They go on to claim that
Americans are given opportunities
to speak in Communist countries:
Only blatant prowar views have
been excluded." We could answer
that with us only pro-Com munist
views are excluded. It amounts
to approximately the same thing.
It should be obvious enough that
I do not think the Communists
have given really honest answers.
Much of what they say is half halftruths
truths halftruths or evasions. But I would
be less than honest myself in
dealing with these questions if I
did not point out, as I have, how
much we have in the last decade
departed from the age-old
American view that all should be
allowed to advocate their opinion,
and let the best opinion win.
While I favor strict security
measures against subversion as
such, I cannot believe it is wise
To Radio Debate
Student government presidential candidates Paul
Hendrick and Jim Graham have agreed to partici participate
pate participate in a live radio debate on WRUF Feb. 6, the
night before the election.
It will be the first time in Florida that college
presidential candidates will debate live on radio.
The debate will be broadcast from 8:05 to 8:30 p.m.
Producer and moderator for the show Howard
Kelley said both candidates seemed excited about
the chance. They plan to promote not only themselves
but also their parties, Kelley said.
The debate will begin with opening statements
by each candidate and each candidate will be given
equal time for rebuttal. Following discussion be between
tween between the two, each will conclude with closing state statements.
WRUF will also broadcast an election party the
night of election, Feb. 17.
THURSDAY TPECIAL <
Vienna Style CORN BEEF .68
Garden Green Cabbage
SALISBURY STEAK 4 g
With St earn While Rice r
Second Cup of Coffee or Iced Tea Free
1212 N. Main St. In The
T\i GAMESVULE SHOPPING CENTER
Open Daily And Sunday
58< Specials Everyday Mon. thru Sat.
or in the American tradition to
outlaw or exclude opinions and
attitudes from expression simply
because they are repugnant to
most of us.
I shall close with a personal
experience. In Germany a few
years ago I attended a meeting
sponsored by the West German
government as a guest of the
government. Some twenty labor
leaders met to discuss the German
On the third day an East German
Communist labor leader was
allowed to speak. Beforehand the
West German leaders had
remarked how they would make
crooked arguments. I tell you that
Communist won hands down*-not
because what he said was true
but because the Western leaders
to a man had no real grounding in
the facts of communism or the
trickery of well-indoctrinated
They simply knew it was bad."
If we keep Communist views
carefully excluded from our
thinking by outlawing them, if we
hear Communist beliefs expounded
only by those who do not really
believe in them, I am afraid that
one day we may find ourselves
thinking we are innoculated against
them when in reality we sure not.
The Florida Alligator Thursday, January 17, 1963
Papers Aim: All the news with decency our only limn
From the barrage ot letters to the editor which
we have received in the past week concerning our
reprinting in toto of The Rockwell Report, several
conclusions are obvious and several misconceptions
need to be erased.
One conclusion is that many UF students are
violently against the printing of The Report.
Another conclusion seems to be that some students
evidently feel The Alligator reprinted the Report
as a sensationalistic stunt reminiscient of the days
of yellow journalism. Not so, but youll just
have to take our word for that.
Still other interested readers have protested that,
merely by reprinting the Rockwell article, we have
evidently played into the hands of the cunning,crafty
First, let us say that we are not attempting to
be press agents of Rockwell, either willingly or
unwillingly. W e have put much thought into our
decisions, and still feel as strongly as ever that
we did the right thing in printing the Report.
Second, there is NO Nazi sympathy whatsoever
on the staff. We are definitely opposed to their
ideology and doctrines, especially their anti-,
semitism. We are not trying to uncover old wounds
As Mr. Trevor-Roper states in his article, tfcef'e
is not much chance for a rebirth of Nazism today.
However, there are traces of right-wing splinter
groups such as the John Birchers, Rockwells Am American
erican American Nazis, the quasi-right Black Muslims and
others. Theres a minute possibility that, during
a future depression, it still Could Happen Here.
But, discounting this possibility, there was a more
important reason why we decided to reprint
Rockwells message. And, when you come down
to brass tacks, this was one of the issues involved
in last trimesters hassle of whether or not to
invite a Red speaker to campus.
At that time, evidently the Administration felt
that UF students were not mature enough to listen
to a Communist speaker without some collegians
becoming red, or at least pink.
Eventually, it boils down to this question: should
we as UF students be allowed to read and/or listen
to opposing ideologies if some of us sheep stray
from our democratic shepherds in the process?
We printed the Rockwell article because we
truly feel that most UF students are intelligent
enough to read it without going off the deep end.
We have made the assumption that our fellow students
are intelligent enough to cope with Rockwellian
We feel that in the past one of the greatest Ameri American
can American errors has been that fear of losing people
to opposing ideologies. Rather, we should con consciously
sciously consciously attack the opposing doctrines, not evading
the issues. We should attempt to win people
to our side rather than go on the defensive and
try to keep from losing by evasion. If we, as
university students, cannot cope with these opposing
doctrines, then it is apparent that our education
system is to blame.
So, take your blindfolds off and look at things
objectively. But, as college students, if you still
feel you are not mature enough to take a realistic
view of things, then by all means put that blindfold
back on. Wed sure hate to lose YOU I
The Florida Alligator
Editor-In-Chief David Lawrence Jr.
Managing Editors Maryanne Awtery
Business Manager Gary Burke
Sports Editor Walker Lundy
XHI FLORIDA ALLIGATOR is the attlclxl student newspaper at the University
ALLIGATOR is entered %s seooad class matter at the United States Post Office
t Gainesville, Florida. Office J are located in Rooms d, 10, and 15 in the Florida
Union Basement. Telephone University of Florida, FR6-3261, Ext. 2852,
nd request either editorial office or business office.
voiced in personal columns on this page do not necessarily reflect
* of the editors. Only editorials are the official voice of the paper.
''Go AwlAYf MY a.
CotiSTlToTifiU CMT J) l_ T) .
Rockwells Concepts False
In Sunday, January 13s
installment of The Rockwell
Report, the American Nazi chief
stated some of the aims and
doctrines of his party.
Rockwell states that the doctrines
of the party are different from
those of Adolf Hitler in that they
(1) do not believe in or preach
dictatorship, and (2) they are not
narrow nationalistic or chauvin chauvinistic
istic chauvinistic but racially in internationalistic.
Rockwell goes on to say that
he and Colin Jordan (Englands
self-appointed Fuhrer) set down
some further principles in the
Cotswold Agreements. And they
were To protect and promote
the Aryan race and its Western
Civilization, wherever its
members may be upon the globe,
and whatever their nationality may
If the time is taken to explore
No Sour Grapes
The letter printed in The
Alligator Friday concerning Mrs.
Duer, head of the curculation
department, at first appeared to
be Just another honest complaint
in the part of a student. Later I
learned that it was written by a
former employee of Mrs. Duer
who obviously has an ax to grind,
even if it has to be done at the
expense of logical reasoning.
It was stated that a graduate
students wife was refused
entrance to the stacks to speak
to her husband; what wasn't brought
out is that there is a paging system
on every level of the stacks by
which any person studying there
can be paged from the circulation
desk and brought down within
minutes. This is a more efficient
method than having students swarm
all over the stack levels in search
of one person who could be any anywhere.
Then it was stated that other
students were refused entrance
to the stacks. It is a library
policy to keep everyone from this
area unless they have a stack
permit issued to them. Library
policies arent formulated for the
purpose of being broken. What if
everyone had to go to the stacks
to see someone?
The lelter was ended by calling
on all of the students to remember
every single mistake that is made
by the circulation department and
to report these so-called mistakes
to Mrs. Duers superiors. It hardly
left me with the impression that
the writer of this letter was being
rational, for there are over 30
students that work in this
department, any of which can make
In a matter like this HONEST
opinions are neededsour grapes
Michael Stanfield, 2UC
what George Lincoln Rockwell
means by his aims and doctrines,
it becomes evident that he himself
stands on the grounds of wrongly wronglydefined
defined wronglydefined terms. He argues that
the partys doctrines are not
narrow, nationalistic or chauvin chauvinistic.
istic. chauvinistic. By the very difinition of
the word chauvinist he has made
a mis-nomenclature. According to
Websters New World Dictionary,
a chauvinist is a person unreason unreasonably
ably unreasonably devoted to his own race, sex,
etc., and is comtemptuous of other
races and sexes. And this seems
to be just the way Rockwell feels
Rockwell uses the term Aryan
Race. Just what is the Aryan
What It Means To Be Human?
(Editors noteln conjunction
with Religion-In-Life Week, which
begins Sunday, The Alligator is
printing a series of articles
entitled What Does It Mean To
Be Human. Todays article, the
second in the series, is written
by Dr. C.K. Yearley, Associate
Professor of History.)
What does it mean to be human?
Inescapably, for those who must
be reminded or reconciled to it,
humanity requires certain minima
which in some quarters its un unfashionable
fashionable unfashionable to discuss. It means
minimally the mere motion of
animal equipment which, however
efficient, is of dubious longevity.
In the deceptively precise terms
currently balming our culture it
means many things, physiological,
biological, and psychological,
clustered somewhere along a
spectrum, things ramified and
refined since Notharctus and Zin Zinjanthropus
janthropus Zinjanthropus et. al.
Being human means that much muchor
or muchor that little, necessarily. But if
this sort of perspective is of
interest and utility for Science,
Progress, and Legislation, it is,
for better or worse, a perspective
which only briefly and partially
has proven of compelling or
ultimate concern to articulate
humanity. Self -consciously
ignorant, limited, and, alas, slated
for annihilation, we have nothing
to lose on the speculation that being
human, beyond our superb animal
foundation, may be something more
worthy of conceit. And what more
is It to be human If it is not,
symbolically, the curious audacity
alloyed with pride, arrogance, and
presumption admittedly, to what
it means to be human.
To this proposition, of course,
the answers have varied remark remarkably;
ably; remarkably; still the asking is whats
uniquely important. Edited and re rephrased
phrased rephrased to suit time and cultures
the question itself is an Invariable
whether In the cave cults of
Race? According to Webster,
Aryan is the hypothetical parent
language of the Indo-European
family. An Aryan is a person
belonging to or SUPPOSED to be
a decendant of, the prehistoric
people who spoke this language.
And also according to Webster,
Aryan has no validity as a racial
term. The use of the word in
connection with race is due to
an idea regarded by most
ethnologists as false.
It can only be concluded that
the very aims and doctrines of
George Lincoln Rockwell and his
party are hinged on false concepts
Dordogne, or in dialogues and
decalogues. Whatever empathy
men enjoyed with other
animals, whatever our direct or
Neither Nature nor its other
beasts can bfe polled in this matter.
Only humans conjure up unending
crises and problems from which
they try extricating themselves;
only humans excavate the abysmal
pits into which they continually
manage to fall; and only humans
get unscientifically sad or lyrical
Perhaps there is an element
of blasphemy in the imputation
that Man invented God Godif
if Godif one allows for a generous,
always exquisite, and sometimes
plural construction of the concept.
Blasphemous or not, that effort
is notoriously human. And
blasphemous or not, particularly
if one takes God for granted, the
attempt to factor a God out of
the universe is not half as difficult
as Man's ingenious invention of
an infinite variety of Man--whether
one takes his images or versions
of Man from the Ashanti, from
Tolstoy, Gide, Proust, Hemingway,
Mr. Goldwater, or the Esquimo.
Mans human-ness consists in
part, therefore, of acts of thought
and imagination. Each of these
acts is special and yet circum circumscribed
scribed circumscribed because each is
consciously pitted against the
invented limits of Time. The same
creature devises his own
beginnings and his own ends, or
makes up for himself or his group
the dimensions of his universe. The
tensions are comic and tragic, and
very likely of less than cosmic
Nonetheless whatever sordidness
or distinction attaches to this con contrived
trived contrived contest, be it, Nihilistic, or
Sisphan, or of Promethean
dimension, is lent to it by the
qualities within us that endow us
with our singular humanity.
Half ofNew Fascist 'Movements Can Be Ignored
(EDITORS NOTE This is the
second of three installments of
British writer H. R. Trevor-
Roper's article A Rockwell
Cannot Be A Hitler, which was
originally printed in the November
25 issue of the New York Times
How, in fact, are we to decide
whether movements like these are
born to die or to grow? Only, I
think, by examining the cir circumstances
cumstances circumstances in which they arise
and the appeal which they make.
For circumstances can make all
the difference. Hundreds of sparks
may fly, all identical; but only
the one which chances to fall on
inflammable timber starts ablaze.
But for certain circumstances, not
Christianity but some other
mystery religion would have
captured the Roman world. But
for certain circumstances, early
Nazism would have been a flash
in the pan, and that professor would
have been right. But for certain
circumstances, Peujada and Mc-
Carthy might have succeeded
where Hitler might have failed.
Os course, it is not entirely
a matter of circumstances. Some
movements have less chance than
others for inherent reasons. There
are movements that have a germ
of the future in them, and there
are movements that are sterile.
Before dealing with the former,
we may as well dispose of the
latter. For I believe that many
of the post-war movements belong
to this category. They are not
omens for the future but relics
of the past: relics such as any
great convulsion inevitably
bequeaths to the next generation.
No mass movement can die a
sudden death. By definition, amass
movement is one that has made
millions of converts. Defeat may
disillusion many of these converts;
in the course of defeat many will
be killed off; but there will always
be others who will be neither killed
nor disillusioned but will live out
their lives with fixed, irreversible
of the faith, preserving it in
circumstances to which it has
become quite irrelevant and which
would never breed it anew.
This is a well-known phenomenon
and every great ideological
convulsion illustrates it.lnEngland
for a generation after the failure
of the Puritan republic, old re republicans
publicans republicans continued to talk and
conspire in a society which utterly
rejected them. Such was the
position of Milton in the reign
of Charles n. In France after the
defeat of Napoleon it was the same;
the gestures and slogans of the
great Revolution were repeated,
without their content or relevance,
by incorrigible survivors.
Today we must expect the same
phenomenon. Men are committed
by their own past and cannot always
adjust themselves to changed cir circumstances.
cumstances. circumstances. But these men
illustrate the second, not the first,
childhood of a movement. They
look back, not forward; and for
the future they have no significance
Once we have made this
distinction, we can dispose
of several recent manifestations of
Fascism. All the neo-Nazi
parties in Germany, for instance
have been of this type. Old
survivors . have kept in touch
with other old survivors, regur regurgitating
gitating regurgitating stale froth in familiar
beer halls. Others survive more
discretely in comfortable bureau bureaucratic
cratic bureaucratic offices, covering up each
other's shady past. No doubt it
is a pity that they survive, but it
is with some consolation that they
are old. By their existence they
do not prove what that a new Nazism
has been born; they merely prove
that certain old Nazis have not
What can be said of the neo-
Nazi parties in Germany can
also be said of similar parties
which have appeared elsewhere,
particularly in Latin America. In
Argentina and Brazil neo-Nazi
cells, or movements, or publishing
houses are continually being un unearthed;
earthed; unearthed; but on examination, most
of them prove to be products of
the large German colonies the re recolonies
colonies recolonies which have been swollen,
since the war, by many a fugitive
The same can also be said of
Sir Oswald Mosley in England.
He is no doubt an agile fossil,
but a fossil still. Unlike many
Fascist demagogues, he has
experience as a practical
politician. He has been a Tory
member of Parliament and a
at one time it looked as if he might
become a Socialist Premier. Con Consequently,
sequently, Consequently, he knows how to trim
his sails. Since the war he has
dropped his old anti-Semitism and
assumed a new European out outlook.
look. outlook. But these are mere tactical
adjustments. Basically he is
committed to his own past as the
leader of the British Blackshirts
in the nineteen-thirties, the
servile imitator of Hitler and
Mussolini. To the young of 1962
he has nothing to say and (apart
from keeping up his own blood
circulation) would do better to
retire gracefully to an opulent old
So half of the new Facist move movements
ments movements can be ignored. They arent
really movements, but deposits.
Time will carry them away with
their advocates. But what of others,
those which at least in
appearanceare independent of
the nineteen-thirties? Mr. George
Lincoln Rockwell in America, Mr.
Colin Jordan in England, belong,
and appeal, to a younger generation
than Sir Oswald Mosley and
General Ramcke. Do they perhaps
draw their inspiration not from old
propaganda or old experience but
front the real facts of the nine nineteen-fifties?
teen-fifties? nineteen-fifties? Might the real
circumstances of today prove as
inflammable tinder to these sparks
as those of yesterday did to
Mussolini and Hitler?
In order to answer this question
it is perhaps simplest to begin
by asking another: What were the
real circumstances which gave
content to the Fascism of the
nineteen-thirties, and how far are
those circumstances present
behind its reappearance today?
In dealing with Fascism, even
in its classical period, it is not
always easy to be precise, for
the term is used very loosely.
Sometimes it is applied to any
form of political violence,some violence,sometimes
times violence,sometimes to any form of militarism.
But to call these Fascism is to
render the word useless as a
definition. These have existed at
all times and in all places.
Military despotism, for instance,
crops up regularly when the ruling
class is Insecure. In some places placesas
as placesas in Latin America only
recentlyit has almost become a
tradition itself. But the rule of
these familiar bosses is very
different from the specifically
twentieth-century phenomenon of
Moreover, Fascism itself varies
from place to place. Anti-Semitism
was originally no part of Italian
Fascism; it was borrowed from
Germany. The conservative
clerical Fascism of Spain and
Portugal is very different from the
radical form of Germany and Italy.
It is also much older. In the
nine teen-thirties the two
overlapped, but uneasily.
And equally today, the various
national parties differ among
themselves. If Sir Oswald Mosley
is no longer anti-Semitic, Colin
Jordan and Rockwell are. Sir
Oswald supports, Jordan opposed
the Common Market. The French
Fascist conspirators are
clerical and reactionary, looking
to France's Spain; the English and
American profess themselves to
be radicals, looking back to
Nevertheless, behind All these
differences, absorbing them and
giving a common body to all the
various movements, there were, in
the inter-war period, certain
indispensable common features.
First, there was economic
depression; second, there was
national resentment; third,existing
institutions were held to have
failed. Without these three features
the Fascist parties of Europe would
have remained mere eccentric
bubbles on the stream of history;
thanks to them, they became mass
movements able to carry their
absurdities and their differences
along that stream.
A glance at German and Italian
Fascism reveals this. All Europe,
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Thursday, January 17, 1963 The Florida Alligator
in the nineteen-twenties, suffered
from economic depression, but
Germany and Italy also suffered
from national resentment. In both
countries, national unity had been
recently achieved, thanks to a new
sense of nationality felt and
expressed by the middle classes.
By 1918, in different ways, both
countries felt that their national
efforts had been frustrated; and
when economic depression
threatened to submerge the middle
class altogether, it clutched again
at the old nationalist slogans.
It clutched more feverishly than
ever because the working class
now had its own organization. The
literal democracy which had been
held out as the ideal political form
to perpetuate middle-class rule
had failed: therefore the middle
classes looked elsewhere. By new
political means they sought to"
recapture a half-lost position and
to salve a wounded pride; they
would reassert national dogmas,
both against international
Communism and against the for foreigners
eigners foreigners who, it seemed, had
prospered by defeating them in
war or deceiving them in peace.
Finally, like all fighting parties,
they needed a scapegoat. The
nationalists of the 19th. century
had rallied their followers against
cosmopolitan princes and priests;
those of the 20th. century found
their scapegoats in "Marxists"
and in those identifiable, unassim unassimilated,
ilated, unassimilated, "anti-national" foreigners
in their midst the Jews.
v 8)6 oi, ''r : ~* l n
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!* :40 VOID AFTER 30 DAYS January 17, 1963
the Southeastern Conference bas basketball
ketball basketball scene in recent years, are
locked in another tight duel for the
1963 conference crown with
Georgia Tech the only outsider
which appears to have a chance to
Since 1958, when Kentucky won
its 19th SEC basketball title in 26
seasons, Mississippi State has won
three of the last four races with
Auburn slipping in as champion
in 1960. During those four years,
Kentucky has been second three
times and third once and Auburn
had two third place finishes and
GEORGIA TECH soared up to
second place in 1960 after finishing
fourth in 1959 but slipped to sixth
in 1961 and all the way to 10th
place in the 12-team league last
As they stand right now, Mis Mississippi
sissippi Mississippi State, Kentucky and up upstart
start upstart Alabama. are tied for the
league lead with 3-1 records while
Georgia Tech is tied with Auburn
and Georgia for fourth at 2-1
Alabama and Georgia are both
expected to slip by the wayside
as the season progresses.
At the moment, Tech has the
SECs best over-all record, 11-1,
and is ranked No. 6 nationally.
Ninth-ranked Mississippi State is
11-3, 17th ranked Kentucky is
10-4 and 21st-ranked Auburn is
But Mississippi State has al-r
ready beaten both Auburn and
Georgia Tech and plays Kentucky
in Starkville, Miss and Kentucky,
which appears to have settled down,
after a shakey start, has reeled
off three straight SEC victories.
There are four games which
should decide this year's race
They are the Jan. 22 Georgia
Tech-Auburn game here, the Jan.
28 Georgia Tech, Kentucky meet meeting
ing meeting here, the Feb. 11 Mississippi
State-Kentucky game at Starkville
and the Feb 23 Kentucky-Auburn
clash at Lexington, Ky.
IF MISSISSIPPI STATE wins
its game with Kentucky, the de defending
fending defending champion Bulldogs should
win their fourth SEC title in the
past five years. But a Kentucky
victory could throw the champion championship
ship championship to Tech which, until Monday
night's loss to State, was the only
major unbeaten team in the South.
With those four powers
practically assured of first
division finishes, the other two
berths figure to involve a battle
between Alabama 10-4, Vanderbilt
9-4, Louisiana State 8-5 and
Florida 7-6. Tennessee 8-5
appears to be the best of the rest.
Georgia 5-8 has been losing ground
and Tulane 2-10 and Mississippi
2-11 appear doomed to fight it
out for the unwanted last place
TALLAHASSEE lt wa* some somewhere
where somewhere in the middle of football
season when Florida State
Basketball Coach J. K. (Bud)
Kennedy sat down and scribbled
his succinct prospectus on the
1962-63 basketball season:
"We should have a surprising
season if for no other reason than
the fact that nobody's expecting
anything from us."
The man's a prophet first-class.
People keep expecting nothing from
FSU, and Kennedy's Seminoles
continue to surprise em. And to
some like Miami, for instance
it's been a bitter surprise.
Standing 9-6, Florida State stands
an excellent chance of finishing
above the .500 mark this season
as it packs off to Georgia for
two games this weekend. The
Seminoles will meet Georgia in
Athens Thursday night, Georgia
Tech in Atlanta Saturday.
A winning season would be
something to write home about,
since Kennedy has only one letter letterman
man letterman and senior from last year's
made daily just half a block from
campus on University Ave.
- OPEN 24 HOURS
Quick Service Good Food Pleasant Atmosphere
By GROVER ROBINSON
Gator Sports Writer
The UF freshman swimming team, termed the
finest freshman squad in Gator history, by
swimming coach Bill Harlan before the season ever
began, meets Robinson High School of Tampa, Satur Saturday
day Saturday at Florida Pool at 1:30 p.m.
The Robinson squad, rated
the best high school swimming
team on Florida's West Coast,
is expected to fall under the on onslaught
slaught onslaught of Harlan's mermen.
Last week the powerful Gator
frosh set five UF freshman records
in defeating Georgia 53-41.
The Gator freshman are paced
by five record-breaking first year
men. Against Georgia team captain
Charlie King from Fort Lauderdale
broke the standing Gator fresh freshman
man freshman record in the 100 yard free
style event with a time of 50.3
seconds. He alsQ swam anchor
man on the 400 yard medley relay
team which broke the old record
by some 2.5 seconds.
SANDY CHANDLER, a former
high school All-America from
Hollywood, Fla. recovered sufi suficiently
ciently suficiently from a recent sickness
to grab the frosh record in the
100 yard-breastroke. His time was
1:07.9 for the event. Harlan looks
for him to better this mark again
before the season is over.
In the 200 yard freestyle the
Gators came up with another
record breaker In Ed Marino
from Miami Jackson. Marino broke
a three year record in the event
when he clocked a 1:58.3 in the
Rod Hubbert, a Tampa Cham Chamberlain
berlain Chamberlain product, stunned the
Georgians with his 100 yard
backstroke performance. His 58.9
time in the event is only 0.6
seconds off the Florida varsity
record held by Junior Dick
One other hot prospect, Ray
Whitekouse of JacksonvUle helped
set a medley relay record
swimming in the butterfly lap.
Though not a record-setter yet,
he has come close to those marks
set by current All-America Jerry
Livingston when he was a fresh freshman.
COACH BILL HARLAN has been
quite pleased to date with his
heralded freshman team.
u That's quite a few records,"
remarked Harlan, "especially for
the first meet of the year."
The Gator freshmen meet their
next college opponent on January
26. They will clash with the
University of Alabama freshman
team at 3:00 p.m. then.
The UF varsity resumes its
assault on its eighth consecutive
SEC title with a meet against
the Crimson Tide that afternoon
at 4:00 p.m. at Florida Pool.
The varsity showed a 57-38
victory over Georgia in its only
meet to date.
The rushed-up trimester system
has failed to crimp the intramural
departments sprawling recreation
program and in some areas it has
even benefited, according to
Spurgeon H. Cherry, department
"As a result of the trimester
system, if there is a trend, its
towards fewer organized sports
and more clubs," Cherry ventured.
UF has more than 20 different
clubs in the intramural department
with an average membership of 75-
150. The largest, the Weightlifting
Club, has over 825 registered
Cherry explained, "We feel
students because of time find it
difficult to operate on a regular
time schedule such as being at
certain games at certain times
every afternoon. But on a club
basis they can come practically
anytime the want."
"They can also miss a club
meeting where in a single or double
elimination sports tournament they
can't afford to miss a single
Student Director George Keep,
a senior physical education major
from Mclntosh, said, "In
comparison to last year, I think
we're on the upswing, especially
in the dorm leagues.
"We cut the number of sports
down to four a semester and this
has helped," Keep explained. "The
minor sports were the main ones
that were cut in. order to allow
the team sports with the larger
number of participants to
An Intramural open house for
clubs will be held in mid-March
in Florida Gym, honoring the
20-odd clubs here at the University,
intramural department head
Spurgeon Cherry announced this
We felt our clubs have grown
so much that we planned the open
house so they could put on
exhibitions for the public and
possibly compete against each
other, Cherry said.
4 Million Annually
NEW YORK (UPI)
legally bet nearly four bil billion
lion billion dollars on the horses last
year and no one knows how much
more with illegal bookies.
That latter unde rter mined figure
is high interest to certain poli political
tical political figures, including Mayor
Wagner of New York who continues
to push for a legal off-track bettimr
His honor would establish city cityoperated
operated cityoperated betting parlors as a
means of adding several milUnn
dollars annually to the treasury.