Citation
The Florida alligator

Material Information

Title:
The Florida alligator
Alternate title:
Summer school news
Alternate title:
University of Florida summer gator
Alternate title:
Summer gator
Alternate Title:
Daily bulletin
Alternate Title:
Orange and blue daily bulletin
Alternate Title:
Orange and blue bulletin
Alternate Title:
Page of record
Place of Publication:
Gainesville Fla
Publisher:
the students of the University of Florida
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Daily except Saturday and Sunday (Sept.-May); semiweekly (June-Aug.)[<1964>-1973]
Weekly[ FORMER 1912-]
Weekly (semiweekly June-Aug.)[ FORMER <1915-1917>]
Biweekly (weekly June-Aug.)[ FORMER <1918>]
Weekly[ FORMER <1919-1924>]
Weekly (daily except Sunday and Monday June-Aug.)[ FORMER <1928>]
Semiweekly[ FORMER <1962>]
Weekly[ FORMER <1963>]
daily
normalized irregular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ; 32-59 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Gainesville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Alachua County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
Coordinates:
29.665245 x -82.336097

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept. 24, 1912)-v. 65, no. 74 (Jan. 31, 1973).
General Note:
Summer issues also called: Summer school ed., <1915>-1920 and again in 1923; summer issues also called: Summer ed., <1921>.
General Note:
Has occasional supplements.
Funding:
Funded by Van Dyke Endowment for the Libraries in support of teaching, research, acquisitions, preservation and programs in the Libraries

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright The Independent Florida Alligator. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000972808 ( ALEPH )
01410246 ( OCLC )
AEU8328 ( NOTIS )
sn 96027439 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Orange and blue
Succeeded by:
Independent Florida alligator

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the
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4 tradition will end at the University Vd
Florida this month. When the last bell
has jangled signifying the end of classes on
May 25 the old semester system will be passe,
giving way to the new order the trimester.
Many changes will bc-niade hv the time
the first hell summons classes together next
fall. Some will be apparent right off the hat.
Tail classes will start Sept. 10 instead of in
the last week of September as was the old
custom. Only two days will be allowed to add
courses and change section assignments and
only 10 days to drop courses without receiv receiving
ing receiving a grade of E.
A bulky, mimeographed document entitled
University- of Florida Interim Report on
Planning for Trimester Operation in Dean
Robert B. Mautzs office revealed the intricate
dove tailing of academic plans which w ill make
the changeover possible.
Mautz, clean of academic affairs, headed
a Schedule and Calendar Committee which
went to work months ago putting the plan
together following an order from the legis legislature
lature legislature that the University go on a year-round
operation. The UF, which favored the quarter
system as a better vehicle for year-round
operation, had fought a long but losing battle
over the issue with sister institutions in the
state.
SEATS KEPT WARM
Only few rough edges need honing to
make the trimester plan a reality and deans ,
and department heads arc already at work Jf
adapting departmental requirements to thej|§:
new school calendar. j||p
The aim of the switch is to make msf£*
University facilities available more
Trimester operation will make a jjggfcec
possible in two years, eight months ing|f|ill of
three years for the year-round
Keeping the classroom seats warnjjfprough
continuous operation should relie|||pome of
the overcrowding now experiencjidTri the fall
and spring semesters. jlpF
Th Mautz committee neatljf solved the
business of adding one full |||p to the calen calendar
dar calendar by chopping one wefck off the final
examination period an Christmas holidav recessfjjpween trimesters.
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The recess
should makgjpe holidays enjoyable.
There that about the
pile of textbooks carried home in
high 'catching up ort Iftje reading.
ipIPHASIS ON QUAfijg| ;
will meet the same as in
the jsfeflaester system but some
wajjfpquired. For example, be
one period of classroom meet meetf
f meetf per week for each hour of
en, but classes will run 55 minutes
gpt 50. Breaks will still be 15 minutes.
Maximum and minimum course loads wnj|jg
remain the same as well as total
* required for a degree, but the report cautions,
Careful course planning and diligent study
habits will be necessary to capture the benefits
of the accelerated program. The trimester will
require a selection of activities based on
quality rather than quantity.
The trimesters, named Fall, Winter and
Spring, will have 14 weeks of classes and one
week of examinations. The Fall trimester
begins Sept. 10 and ends Dec. 22; the Winter
term, starts Jan. 2 and ends April 20 and the
Spring trimester runs from April 24 to
Aug. 10.
The Spring term, a three-headed creature,
carries the main crux of the changeover, and
it is here that the system will be put to its
severest test. Since one of the basic aims of
the changeover is utilizing facilities evenly
throughout the year, it appears that the April ApriltO-August
tO-August ApriltO-August term will have to be sold to
students.
<3. MENti. ymgymG *
To make the Spring trimester more palat palatable,
able, palatable, the planners dished up an enticing
academic menu. The student actually has
three choices: He can attend the full trimester,
earning the same course load as permitted in
the others, or, he can attend either or both of
two, special eight-week terms. These w ill run
\pril 24 Tune 19 and Tune 17 Aug. 10.
Classes will meet six days a week in the
two short sessions.

Even the name Spring', is deceiving,
though perhaps unintentionally. June, July
and August are hardly spring months in
Gainesville. That Mav is hot enough is evi evidenced
denced evidenced by the droves of students who annually
invade air-conditioned motels for pre-examin pre-examination
ation pre-examination studying.
But the UF planners were well aware of the
weather drawback. On this subject their
recommendation reads: The Universitys
efforts can be aided bv additional support
from the Legislature in the form of making
attendance during the hot summer months as
attractive as during the other months through
air-conditioning all buildings.
(Editors Note: they said nil buildings.)
As another inducement, the Spring terms
will rely on a discriminatory measure to
encourage attendance. Those who enter the
third trimester or the second eight-week sum summer
mer summer term will have priority for University
housing for the succeeding Fall trimester.
POLL REVEALS ATTITUDES
In testing the climate of acceptance to the
summer sessions, the committee ran a poll in
three areas of classes. A total of 1,854 students
from classes in biology, C-l and political
science were questioned as to their plans for
attending school during the summer.
Forty-nine per cent of the respondents said
they would not attend any of the .summer
sessions. With one per cent undecided the
remaining 50 per cent indicated they would
attend. 28 per cent said they would attend
the entire trimester, 20 per cent favored
attending the first eight-week term and only
two per cent stated they would attend the
jli h second short session.
Bfe. On the bright side, final examination
j§/geriods will be reduced to two hours and the
: lsi|punt of outside work (homework) will not
i|j|p|n creased since the course contents will
affected.
(s|||| one graduation convocation will be
helcf||§j§d that will be at the close of the
trimester. Graduates w ill
not be to be present. Each college
has lx'en to conduct its own gradu graduation
ation graduation ceremonies.
also remain the same slls
for each of t||||mcstcrs and S6O for each of
the short summer terms. Rent in University
residence halls \Bgj|£ the same as was in the
semester plan
mester but rent for either of the eight eightweek
week eightweek summer sessionQiUJl be SSO.
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3



DOES COLLEGE = CHANGE?

By Carolyn Dart

Trie senior listening to liis graduation
speaker lias changed a lot since he was
a freshman listening to his orientation leader*
The assumption that students significant significantly
ly significantly modify thOir views, personalities, and goals
while in college is widely held and oft oftrepeated.
repeated. oftrepeated. Four years worth of new friends,
different facts, and independence from home
may change attitudes on subjects from class
cuts to lifetime goals.
Four outstanding University of Florida men
and women appraising themselves and their
fellow students, demonstrate varying attitudes
corresponding to variance in years. All agreed
college is a time for change and choice because
the student is finally on his o\vn as he
should he.
Should Parents Control?
Closeness to home ties decrease, however,
with increasing number of years at school.
The students agree that while the collegiate
should listen to advice from the home front,
lie should always make his own decisions.
Freshmen evidently feel more obligated to
follow advice than do upperclassmen.
Parents should keep control over students
after all, thev support them until they can
CLOTHES AI/JkCE THE AIAA/" '
I I-- r ~?--

4

take care of themselves, says Freshman Buddy
Jacobs of Fernandina Beach, a member of
Legislative Council who was recently elected
president of the University Religious Associa Association
tion Association over upperclassman opponents.
Ad rice Should Be Welcome
Parents should take a direct interest in
what vou do, but its a more passive interest
than in high school, they should help as much
as possible.'' Control over a student's mono)
should be kept tightly, Buddy believes. Parents
should put the child on a budget, and he
should stick to it unless there's a real emer emergency.
gency. emergency.
Parents give their offspring a great deal of
decision leeway in sending him to college in
the first place, believes sophomore Elizabeth
Allen of Savannah, Ga. In return he lias a
responsibility to them to behave as tlievd
want him to.
You want to teach yourself to undertake
responsibility, and if parents are w ise, they'll
let you do it on your own," says I li/abeth,
past president of Alpha Lambda. Delta, fresh freshman
man freshman womens scholastic honorary, and recent recently-installed
ly-installed recently-installed vice-president of \YSA,
You should never turn away from receiving
advice on any question from your parents
you should always ask them opinions on
decisions you have to make. When you go
home and they want more control, you should
listen to them and abide by what they want.
Junior Nancy Sue Wilson of Miami believes
the amount of parental control to be exerted
depends on the individual. If the student is
an individual his parents have never had to
worry about, then they should leave him on
his own," says Nancy Sue, who was president
of Rawlings Dormitory and was elected to
Legislative Council when she was a freshman.
She's now treasurer of Mortar Board.
Social Butterfly a Problem
If the mother and father know their child's
a social butterfly who won't study and act
responsibly, then they should try strongh to
influence him," she savs. Otherwise he
should be on his own."
Every student should be given the respon responsibility
sibility responsibility by his parents of taking care of his own
money, she believes. A personal checking
account is a must for learning to handle
finances. When you go home on vacation.

uttfey THey the THEY
ADt>ei> &OM&
* l_.
A ¥>
U)u June to remember your parents viewpoint
and that they can t change as completely as
von do alter all, they havent been here
like you have.
Seniors are inclined to resent much asser assertion
tion assertion of parental authority, says Allen (iarrett
of Bartow, a June graduate-to-be who served
as secretary-treasurer of the freshman class in
fall SB.
After youve been here four years, you
have trouble submitting to others telling you
what to do, lie said. How you react to your
parents authority depends, of course, on your
upbringing * if theyve been really strict,
then youd resent their interference more. I
believe independence and responsibility should
be given gradually as the child grows up, so
that when lie goes to college its not such a
drastic change.
Allen grants that the student should defer
to his parents wishes while home on \ acation
unless theyre unreasonable.
Responsibility for ones own decisions
extends to social activity as well as spending
money, the students say. How much a colleg collegian
ian collegian parties and his circle of friends arc
choices he must make independently.
l ooking back over four years of social activ activity,
ity, activity, Allen notes that home town comrades
cant be depended on to stay in school. Tin
from a small town, and I had to find other
friends than those I knew in high school, he
savs. There are only two or three people left



here from Bartow. Youve got to get to know
different people, whether you choose them
from class, dorm, or fraternity or all three/
he says.
Organizations whether Greek or inde independent
pendent independent provide the most lasting basis of
friendship in college, junior Nancy Sue
believes. You begin choosing friends by the
people you live with, but this doesnt always
last, because you often have nothing else in
common," she says. Organizations are the
most lasting basis because people there do
have something in common.
Time is necessary for forming close college
J n O
friendships, Elizabeth, a sophomore, thinks,
because an individuals idea of what hes
looking for in comrades mac change when he
first is at school.
Your friends probably come first from your
dormitory or sorority, or both, she explains.
You like various kinds of people because noli
don't have an intimate friends at first. After
you've been at school a while, you realize that
the most important thing von acquire here are
your good friends.
Widen Social Circle
I reshman Buddv agrees that making new
friends is essential at college but he looks on
the process as widening ones social circle
rather than changing it.
When youre first here, you want to
become Joe or Susie college overnight, to eon
form to those about you," he says. You grow
and mature socially, but \ou shouldnt kick
aside vour old friends vour circle should
become a lot wider.
Differences in age levels are reflected in
the type of parties preferred by students. As
they grow older, crowded parties become less
cnjovable than small group socials.
Buddy, the freshman: I really enjoy two
typos of parties great, big, noisy, parties
with all sorts of people there, and groups of
maybe four people to go on a picnic or water waterskiing.
skiing. waterskiing.
Elizabeth, sophomore: I like all kinds of
parties it just depends on the mood Im in,
since I enjoy all types.
Nancy Sue, junior: On the whole, I like
big parties best, but it depends on my mood.
Allen, senior: I definitely prefer middle middlesized
sized middlesized parties. When I was a freshman, I was
all for great big parties, but now Id rather
get together with a relatively small group of
close friends.
Though the students note a decreasing
social emphasis over the years, they think
religion begins decreasing in importance from
frosh days on. All agree religion plays a rela relatively
tively relatively insignificant role in the li\es of many
students for various reasons: doubts produced
bv new facts, lack of time, absence of social

pressure.
Religion plays a subdued part in most
students lives, Buddy says. They use church
time for study and many just find religious
observance unnecessary. Students generally
forget about religion for four years, but I
think this can have a very haphazard effect
On later religious life. You should try to con continue
tinue continue you* religion as much as possible while

VIEWPOINTS VARY
DURING 4 YEARS

Buddy Jacobs
Freshman
Nancy Sue Wilson
Junior

at college after all, its one of the principal
things in life.
Sophomore Elizabeth thinks religion is
most important, but agrees many forget it dur during
ing during college years. I dont think a student
lias to deny himself any social activities to go
to church he should go as often as pos possible,
sible, possible, she says. It s important to go to
different churches while in colleges and see
the differences in dnominations for this
strengthens your ow n beliefs.
Nancy Sue, the junior, observes that many
people have an awakening in college, either
supporting or destroying their faith. This
change may come about through courses in
humanities or sciences which present new
facts and different wavs of looking at the
j c*
world. These new viewpoints especially affect
people who had no religious background or
who never questioned anything in their lives,
she said.
She thinks religious activities are especially
important to students who dont have other
things to take up their time. If two people
are equally religious, usually the one who has
fewer other obligations goes to church most
often, she says.
Senior Allen views college years as a sort of
suspended participation period for religion.

_
9r MBS
W** A
Elizabeth Allen
Sophomore
Allen Garrett
Senior

When youre young, that's a major stage
in religious activity, he points out. Then
while youre at college, your interest slacks
off. In several years, when you're working in
a community and have a family, you go back
to being active. Thats how it works out.
Here youre a lot less active partly because
you don't have pressure for religion like you
have at home.
Though college life doesnt exert much
religious pressure, the four agree that pressure
for grades is constant and campus-wide. The
grade itself is all important to underclassmen,
they sav, while lasting information becomes
more valuable later in ones collegiate career.
The most important thing in college is to
learn how to read and study, not to gain par particular,
ticular, particular, segmented information, savs Allen,
Freshmen strive for grades and fight for every
letter and point. By your senior year, you look
more for what knowledge you can gain from
the course.
Id say most students probably work for
grades instead of for knowledge," surmises
Nancy Sue, but this is especially true if a
high average is important to the individual.
Jd say that if a person has a chosen field,
grades are less important than real learning.
She thinks the emphasis on A s rather than
education results in part from a lack of time
to do extra reading and study. There arc
many times Id like to go to the library and
do extra reading in a subject but who has
timer
The underclassmen classified grades as all allimportant.
important. allimportant.
The outward grade is crucial, said the
sophomore, Elizabeth. After all, thats what
is sent home and is the only way parents can
know youre really getting something from
college. Grades are always most important
and especially when youre first here, for
everythings based on them.
Freshman Grades Crucial
The importance of an A, B, or C depends
on the individual course, insists freshman
Buddy. Id like to devote more time to reading
and study, and overall I do try to get as much
as possible out of a course but its hard
to lose sight of that grade and the overall
average, he said.
All agreed that benefit from a course de depends
pends depends on a students purpose in college. Their
own statements reveal objectives usually take
more specific form as the student moves
closer to graduation and a profession. Their
goals are:
Buddy: To find my purpose, to polish off
any talents, I might have, and to find in what
direction I should go.
Elizabeth: To meet and get to know as
many people as possible so that I will learn
to understand people with whom Ill come
in contact.
Nancy Sue: To get my degree. The longer
you stay, the longer you have to stay to fulfill
obligations and to satisfy your drive to finish
what you started.
Allen: To prepare for law school and my
future profession.



Books ore big business in
Gainesville. The University's
more than 13,000 students
buy over 60,000 of 'em each
semester. What's the story
behind the policy-making
practices of the three local
book stores? Does any one
store get away with selling
books at hiqher prices and
rebuying them at lower
prices? Is there an open
book on book store prac practices?
tices? practices?

By Hook
t' v t! s x ***"'*. s ;
Or
i
By Crook
t £ SSSSs >% N v S-. s v A*. :=r ; vn V

6

UYING and selling books on the
University of Florida campus can be a
rewarding venture if youre on the right
end of the deal.
Over 13 thousand students buy more than
60 thousahd books each semester, and then
resell most of them again after 15 weeks of
either reading them, using them to swat
mosquitos or arranging them to occupy space
between a pair of book ends.
This large volume of business is handled
jointly bv three book stores the Campus
Shop and Book Store, Florida Book Store and
Malones Book and Supply.
For the most part, set policies dictate what
the price of a new book will be, what the
price of a used book will be and how much
a student will get when he resells his text.
This is for the most part, but not com completely.
pletely. completely.
All of the book stores sell new texts at the
same price. This is not a decision of their own,
but rather one that the books publishers
request. Each text has its own recommended
selling price, a figure drawn up by the pub publishing
lishing publishing companies.
New books, at least, are stable in prices.
The area of used books can be stable . but
can also be anything but stable.
Sam P. Getzen, director of campus stores,
explains his Campus Shop and Book Store
operation.
We buv bv the book and not bv the stack,"
Getzen reveals. "That is, we evaluate each
book that is to be resold and fix a price to it.
What we pay for a used book is based on
two factors, he adds. "One is whether the
book is authorized by a department for use in
a course. In other words, whether or not a
book will be used the following semester. If
it will, we pay the student one-half of the
price that he purchased it for.
The other stipulation is that the book be
saleable that the condition of the book be
good. If a book meets these two qualifications,

. .Or

a student can resell it to us for half of what
he paid for it.'
70% Markup
Getzen further states that books rebought
by him are marked up 70 per eent of their
original new-book selling price. For example,
if a student buvs a new book at the beginning
of the semester for SB.OO, he can sell it back
for $4.00. Next semester when the book again
hits the selling shelves, it will be priced at
$5.60. This $1.60 difference represents a 40
per cent margin for the book store.
Owned and operated by the State, the
Campus Shop and Book Store buys all books,
regardless if they are to be used at UF the
following semester.
If a book is to be discontinued, we will buy
it on the basis of what it will bring on the
wholesale used market, Getzen says. We
may pay a student only 25 cents for a book,
but we dont make a penny on it ourselves.
For books that are no longer in use, we
check our wholesale catalogs for prices. These
wholesale catalog prices are set by one of
several wholesale companies that buy out-of out-ofuse
use out-ofuse or discontinued books. In this case, the
Campus Shop and Book Store deals with two
Nebraska Book Company and Follet Col College
lege College Book Company, in Chicago.
The companies pav a 7- 7Yz per cent com commission
mission commission to the store for acting as an agent in
purchasing these books.
We want our customers to know that we re
not just pluckin' figures out of the air, Getzen
states. Our new and used book policies are
definitely set. In fact, we encourage students
to look for themselves at our catalog prices.
One of two privately-operated book stores
in Gainesville, Malone's Book and Supply
follows a policv closely resembling the
Campus Shops.
The markup on used books is between 70
and 75 per cent of the* original new-book
selling price, states owner Bill Zeanah.

Buy
' V ' ' ' / /' '/y'v
HP's;:' : ;?SfsSRKjaa!SSScaBKK jk?;



"We pay a student one-half of the purchase
price if the book is to be used here again, he
continues. "If it will not be used but can
be sold elsewhere we will usually pay one onefourth
fourth onefourth of the price the student paid for the
.text. We dont buy back books that are obso obsolete,
lete, obsolete, ones no longer in use.
Malones in turn will peddle its out-of-cir out-of-circulation
culation out-of-circulation texts to the Association of College
Stores in a sort of you buy 'urn from me,
I buy um from you arrangement. Malones
bins and sells from the association, and vica
versa.
Although markup on resold books is based
on a set policy, the prices will fluctuate
slightly. This sometime unstable price varia variation
tion variation is dependent on supply and demand and
the type of text itself.
"Used technical books will be priced some somewhat
what somewhat higher, because students want to keep
them as reference books, Zeanah adds.
Florida Book Store another apex in the
book store triangle also tries to follow a
uniform standard of pricing.
Store manager Harold Haskins says the
book industry on the UF campus is a highly
competitive one, and that prices from all
three stores have to be favorable.
Haskins, who states that he doesnt care to
be quoted directly, indicates that the resale
price of a book is based on what the store will
pay a student for the book when he resells it
at the end of the semester.
The store tries to give half-price whenever
possible, Haskins reveals, but often students
receive remittance on the basis of the store
managements personal evaluation of the book.
Each book is considered separately, accord according
ing according to Haskins if they have any value at
all. Some books fall into tbc "9c a pound
category," and are sold more on a bulk basis
than on an individual book basis.
Haskins adds that books out of circulation
arc subject to supply and demand. If a book
no longer in use still has a demand from some

Book By Stan Jackson

Student or students, the store will buyback
these books and resell them again. If no de demand
mand demand exists, the book will either be bought
back from the student to be sold later on a
"bulk basis, or may not be bought back at all.
The three book stores in Gainesville admit
to following price policies. However, in sem semesters
esters semesters past, one of the stores has been known
to deviate somewhat from stated buying and
selling practices.
Baited Experiment
A simple experiment was set up to reveal j
any inconsistencies existing between oral book
store policy and actual book store policy.
A student, used as bait, was sent to the
three stores to resell two books. He had one, 1
new 57.00 book and one used $5.20 book.
All three stores offered him 53.50 50
per cent for the new book. The other book
will not be used next semester and drew a
trio of passes from the store attendents.
Books are big business in Gainesville. One i
book store employe admits that prices are
somewhat higher in Gainesville than is custom- 1 1 ;
ary throughout the rest of the country. j |
Cries of "unfair and 'Theyre gypping me j I
are unwarranted. On the basis of free enter enterprise,
prise, enterprise, each book store acts as a check on the
others to keep buying and selling prices as
nearly uniform as an unregulated business
operation can be.
Discrepancies in prices will occur. These
may or may not be accidental. One store
intentionally may be trying to sell books at
higher prices and buy from students at lower
prices.
The needed ingredient is not to shout and
to storm about unfair practices. This results
in vocal chord and nerve strain and docs not |*
eliminate wallet strain.
Tlic remedy: quite simple. Just go to one f
of the other book stores and sell and buy from
it. In this way and only in this way waywill
will waywill the bad seed of the bunch grow straight.



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8

Arc you crazy? I just read in the paper
that you and ten other mentally deranged
nuts are going to skate to Tallahassee today.
Do vou realize that it is 165 miles to Tallar
V
h assoc?
I should have known there would be some
reaction from my family in the matter, but I
had no idea my sister would call long distance
to ask me if I was crazy!
"No, I calmly replied, "I dont think Im
crazy/
I then went into a lengthy explanation to
Nancy of what we were doing, why we were
doing it, and how it was to be done.
Now 7 1 have to admit that we werent sitting
around the fraternity house one night worry worrying
ing worrying about teachers salaries, but actually we
were having an involved discussion about a
fraternity out west w hose members had pushed
some babe in a bed all the way to Las Vegas.
One of our Delta Sigma Phi pledges,
Gordy Acker, suggested some of the complica complications
tions complications that could arise in a deal like that, and
then had the bright idea to roller skate to
Tall ah assce.
The next day, a group of pledges typed up
a form letter challenging several roller skate
companies to prove their skates would make
a 165-mile trip over rough concrete and
gravel. Toward the end of the letter, we
graciously offered to test 11 pair of them.
' WE MEANT BUSINESS
Bob Thompson, a fraternity brother who
at first took the. idea with a grain of foot
pow r der, now realized we meant business.
Being the under secretary of student affairs
lor student government, Bob approached that
student group with the idea of skating the
student-signed petition for faculty merit pay
raises to the state capitol.
They liked the idea.
And it w as a good idea. Now w e had trans transportation
portation transportation and a purpose. This would bring
the "Operation Faculty into the public eye.
Many more people would read a news story
with a headline like "UF Students Roller
Skate 165 Miles W ith Faculty Petition than
they would read Students Sign Petition to
Get Merit Pav Raises for Faeultv.

CONFESSIONS

l>y Hill Adams

People arc just like that.
The ball, or rather the wheels, were rolling.
Newspapers started printing the story.
Television stations sent cameramen to film
dry runs. Holiday Inn was worried about
where we would sleep on the journey and
offered to put us up free in Perry. They even
wanted to honor us with a dinner while
we were there.
The night before we were to leave, a local
chiropodist, Dr. R. A. Giudice, also a Delta
Sig, taped our feet and gave us his blessings.
The launching took place at one oclock
in front of the Tigcrt Hall. Thousands
well at least a hundred "well wishers were
on hand to see us off, Included were the Dean
of Men, Frank Adams, who w r as still saying
it couldnt be done, Mother Tennant, our
housemother, who was still saying everything
she could think of, and Student Body Presi President
dent President Bill Triekel, who said gravelv, voud
BETTER make it.
WE RE ON OUR WAY
I slipped and fell off the sidewalk and we
were on our way. Thirteenth Street is a
smooth street. So is University Avenue. But
have you ever thought about skating on the
Newberry Road. Its a strangely built road.
They used boulders and tar for a surface.
The governors office called and said they
Would send a man to pick up the petition if
we would give up. This was the message we
got by car even before we cleared city limits.
About ten miles out of town, on of our
best skaters, Ken I amb, said lie would have
to drop out. llis right foot was killing him. lie.
stopped and took his skates off to discover
that when he had put his skates on, he had
left a six-inch long steel skate kev in the
bottom of his skate.
No longer all keyed up, Ken put on his
skates and hit the road.
At Newberry, a well know n doctor ran out
of his office yelling, Good Luck! II Ghandi
could do it, so can vou. M
Now I have had four years of college, and
1 still can t remember reading about Ghandi
doing anv roller shatiiw.
D J

ROLLER



We had made it to Newberry. If we could
make it to Newberry on that road, nothing
could stop us from making it to Tally.
All of a sudden from behind a billboard
drove a black and yellow car.
The Fuzz.
We told him what we were doing. He said
we could go ahead if we had an escort. Fach
count)' from then on met us w ith police cars,
one in front and one behind, and escorted us
to the next county.
COUNTY COWBOY
While flying down a hill at least IS miles
an hour, some local yokel in Gilchrist County
had the bright idea to lasso one of us.
In true Roy Rogers form he threw his trusty
lariat and placed it expertly over the head of
Gene Ramsay, the last skater in the group.
I uckilv, Gene was able to jump out of the
rope without falling. The cowboy was able
to remove the skaters hat, which the truck
behind us promptly crushed.
We completed the first lap of our trip at
Suwanee River around seven o'clock Friday
night.
Five oclock came carlv Saturday morning.
Ihe skates seemed to have shrunk over
night, but we finally figured out that our feet
were swollen.
Fee Barnhart had to drop out because his
feet were in such sad shape.
Crossing the bridge over Suwanee River
was quite a task. It is highlv elevated and
filled with seams.
On the other side of the river we met our
biggest obstacle. The Florida Highway Patrol
had orders not to let us skate on Highway 27
w ithout an escort. The countv we were in onlv
had one patrol car and it w as busy. After wait waiting
ing waiting for over an hour, they finally sent an
escort. Ihe patrol agreed to let us go on if we
would consent to being towed by ropes in
areas where traffic might be held up.
Sadly we consented.
The long stretch of nothing between the
river and Perry which we planned to cover
on Saturday would have been very tiring and
boring w ithout watching the people's reactions
as they passed us in cars.

of a WEEKEND
SKATER

One woman actually performed the mirac miraculous
ulous miraculous feat of taking moving pictures while
driving her car. The cop prevented her from
filming a full length feature bv explaining it
wasnt safe to produce movies and drive at
the same time.
About five miles from Perry, John Wallis
made the first spectacular fall of the day.
We were being pulled on ropes at about 12
miles per hour when he hit a hole. He did at
least three complete somersaults before he
landed in the ditch. He lost a sharp new pair
of bermudas.
They were ripped to shreds.
No less than two miles away, I took my
tumble. We had pulled off the road to cool off
and I thought the car tow ing us had com completely
pletely completely stopped. Well, it hadnt. I got my skate
tangled in the rope and the car took off. With Without
out Without much choice I sat down. Have you ever
sat on vour arm, head, and rear end at the
same time. Try it! (incidentally, Im typing
this with one hand; the other arms in a
sling.)
In Pern, the Holiday Inn Motel had quite
a reception waiting for us. A local beauty
queen had been hired to "chaperone us while
we were there, a table had been set up with
drinks and other assorted goodies, and the*
huge motel sign had been changed to read
Good I uck Skaters On Your Crusade for
Faculty Pay Raises.
Several photographers were on hand from
area newspapers, and while news cameras
rolled, we skated into the motel no less than
five times. Right in front of a television cam camera,
era, camera, Jim Moore, who is really a very capable
skater, took to the gravel.
We were under the impression that we were
to eat without charges at the Holiday Inn.
The hostess was also misinformed.
Just order from the menu, she smiled
graciously.
We ordered steaks graciously, ate gracious graciously,
ly, graciously, got up to leave graciously, and then we got
a bill for 5 51.72. Gracious !
I still havent figured that one out.
After a hearty 40 cent breakfast (next
door) on Sunday, we were off.

BUZZARDS AHEAD
Seeing we were dead on our assinine feet,
some excited young-at-heart Yankee tourist
Blew the horn of her air conditioned Cadillac
as she passed and pointed to the skv.
We looked to see an overly-interested group
of buzzards circling overhead.
About twenty miles north of Perry we were
skating past a small rural Negro church which
was located right on the highway. Ihe zealous
singing stopped abrupth and the whole con congregation
gregation congregation poured from the pews and ran out outside.
side. outside.
Decked out in their Sunday finery, this was
one of the most gratifying groups of well wellwishers
wishers wellwishers we saw on the whole trip.
Now we were getting more and more
Gung-ho. Signs began appearing advertising
Tallahassee motels and restaurants. We made
our best time on the hills ol tung trees on
this side of the Capitol City.
All of a sudden it" happened. Our escort
from I eon County had been called off the job.
Promptly the Highway Patrol pulled up and
told us we couldn't go on. We asked him if
he could take us into Tallahassee. He said no.
Tired, hot, and dejected, we sat down on
the shoulders of the road. We had skated over
ISO miles, and seven miles from our goal, the
mighty hand of the law fell upon us.
Then one of the guys called the sheriff of
I con County and explained our plight. He
was busy painting his bedroom, but said he
would be right out. He was met by the patrol patrolmen.
men. patrolmen.
We were hot. The patrolmen were hot. But
nobody was hotter than the sheriff of Leon
County. After telling us wc could go, he also
told the Highway Patrolmen where they
could go. (If they had taken the sheriffs ad advice,
vice, advice, they would have been hotter than any
of us.)
TALLAHASSEE AT LAST
The hardest hill to climb was the one top topped
ped topped by the Capitol Building. Nobody made a
show for cameras anymore. It just wasnt
worth it. At three oclock in the afternoon
Tallahassee is undoubtedly the hottest place
in the world.
We regained all energy when we saw our
hostesses for the afternoon, the girls of the
Alpha Delta Pi sorority at FSU.
Sue Criswell, one of the ADPis, just
couldnt believe it. Why I have trouble even
walking two blocks to campus, and you
SKATED all the way from Gainesville, asked
Sue.
Yes. Sue, we skated all the way from Gaines Gainesville.
ville. Gainesville.
We skated for our fraternity, our school,
and publicity for the plea for merit pay raises.
Right now the only thing raised are the'
blisters on our feet.
Incidentally, would anvonc like to buy a
pair of used roller skates. 1 wont need
them again.

9



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I

10

Identity
f
its nite and late
and still are all
the campus walks
the windows dark
the hum subdued,
its lonely now
and emptied of
humanity,
the life and breath
of thoughts and
dreams, ideas,
individuals,
its almost summer
then the mass
will tremble, burst
and drift away
to home
where things are
different, changed
the child who felt
so natural there
is gone
and in its place
a stranger
old and young at once
and bursting out the
seams that hold him
in dependence
what has made him
tear away
the safety shield
around him
the college years
the restless years
that separate
the real, the dream
and rip his childish
love apart
and build a new one.
illusion fades
and all is stark
reality
it hurts but so
all rewards evolve
from pain
and values form
where scars of what
was once important
now lay lifeless.
go on protest,
find yourself,
identify, identify
drums constant
on the canvas nerves
drawn taut to echo
louder
youre creator,
youre nothing,
you're nobody,
youre god
anything you want to
be, you can

not ready yet?
confusion drives
your very being
into knots of
this way, that way
heaven, hell,
ideals crumble,
no regrets
whats good, whats bad
who cares?
you do, but what
the image is youll be,
the price is minor.
the search for self
continues
who am 1?
tell me, tell me
please
hush! dont beg,
keep your pride
if nothing else,
onward
more rooms
filled with smoke J
and vacuum fields
and eyes and minds
and bodies time
where are you 1
when, when?
stop, thats right,
now rest,
a frenzy gets you
nowhere,
there now,
better?
lonely maybe,
not alone,
that mass, that
sea of faces
too is looking
for that all,
that everything
you seek,
this then is
more your home
than home,
this campus
full of growing
minds that
probe and pry
and slip Into
the vast unknown
misfits? not really,
in-be-tweens
impatient In
their need to find
who am 1?
why, why am
I here and being
what I am what in
Gods world will
I become?

My*
A.
mmttim .- jff
\,fc'l' w |fl :;&.
m
HHI | I

l>v Sara I>*lI



Tlxe A in Education.:
#\ Class Cuts

Faculty, students,
and tlio official
record, express
three different
viewpoints on
class cuts.
Abbott?"
Here.
Anderson?"
No answer.
Bailey?
No answer.
Campbell?
No answer.
Its spring or any time of the year
*. and students are cutting class. Is there a Uni University
versity University regulation regarding class cuts? How
do professors feel about cuts, warning letters
and excused absences?
A recent survey was conducted on campus
concerning this highly-debated subject. Nine Ninehundred
hundred Ninehundred students and one-hundred faculty
members were selected at random and inter interviewed.
viewed. interviewed.
Students were asked if they knew of any
class cut regulations. Out of 900 students,
772 said they thought three to four cuts were
allowed;. 74 students said that regulations
provided for no cuts being allowed. All 900
students said that only official excuses and
not sicknesses constituted an Excused Absence.

When asked if excused absences were
counted as cuts, 701 students said no, and 140
said yes. Another area of disagreement came
when students were asked from what date
absences were counted. The majority of
students, 686 out of 900, said absences
should be counted from the first day a student
is enrolled in the class. Only 130 students
said that absences should be counted from
the first day of the semester.
Faculty viewpoints are a little less liberal
than those of the students. For example, 85
out of 100 professors stated that the concep conception
tion conception that three cuts are allowed was merely
a practice started by the students. The remain remaining
ing remaining 15 professors said they thought that the
three-cut idea was legal.
When questioned about where the ruling
came from, 55 professors said they thought
the acceptance or rejection of an excuse was
dependent upon a regulation of the Univer University,
sity, University, and 45 professors said they thought that
it was up to the professor. Professors were
almost in agreement, (80, No 2O, Yes) as
to whether excused absences are legally
counted as cuts.
Warning letters can be sent after just one
cut, said 85 professors. The remaining 15 said
no. Faculty and students vote almost paralleled
on the starting date for counting absences.
Eighty two professors answered that absences
should be counted from the day that the
students enrolled in the class, and 18 answered
that absences should be counted from the first
day of the semester.
How the three-cut theory ever began or
who began it, no one knows. The official
University Record in its section concerning
class attendance says nothing about the fabled
three cuts.

By Lueienne Pirenian

lt any student accumulates absences to
the extent that class appears to be of- little
value to him it shall be the duty of the
instructor to warn such a student.
* Should any absences be incurred after this
warning, the student will be suspended, says
* the University Record.
Students might be surprised to learn that
according to the Record, absences are counted
from the first meeting of the class, rather
than from the day the student enrolls in the
class. The majority of students. and faculty
members interviewed were under the impres impression
sion impression that absences were counted from the
enrollment date, rather than the beginning
of the semester.
The wide range of attitudes and rulings
among professors has been an easy avenue of
escape for students. This gap stretches all the
way from professors who feci that it is entirely
up to the student whether or not he wishes
to attend class, to professors who feel that
grades should be in proportion to class attend attendance.
ance. attendance. Some never call roll and some not only
check roll but maintain elaborate seating
charts.
As long as this variation exists, students
will continue to miss class or devise ways and
methods to -attend in absentia.
Whats worse, they feel justified in ration rationalizing
alizing rationalizing that some instructors dont count
absences at all, so whv worry about those that
do.
Semesters grow older and classes grow
smaller. Perhaps the pressure will be greater
under the new trimester program. Students
will have to get more in a shorter period of
time.
Warren . Wilson . Winston .
Wright .



pfei^
k mP^
' / : -.-
Candidates for graduation from the University
of Florida will wear the colored tassels of their
respective school or college on June 11. The
colors of the 16 University schools and colleges
are accented by the gold tassel of the doctoral
degree on the mortar board.
Collage of Physical Education
College of Pharmacy Olive Green
ue*^>

The Color
When it comes to hoods and robes, the
Grand Dragon and his Ku Klux Klansmen
just cant hold their own against the colorful
academic regalia worn by college professors
and graduates at commencement time.
During a day early in June, parents and
friends fill the balconies of Florida gymnas gymnasium
ium gymnasium to watch the graduation of their son,
daughter or pal. Down the long aisles march
the faculty, their gowns billowing behind
them and their multi-colored hoods sparkling
in the light of the overhead fixtures.
Every once in awhile, you may see a proud
mother nudge her husband, calling his atten attention
tion attention to the distinctive red robe of Dr. Lester
R. Dragstedt and Dr. Caspar Rappaneckcr, or
to the unique yellow gown of Dr. Raymond
E. Crist.
Next come the graduates, proudly stepping
to the strains of the processional march,
Romp and Circumstance. The graduates
black robes quietly rustle as one or two glance
up to spot relatives and friends seated in the
balcony. Sitting at crazy angles on the back
of the seniors heads are the graduate mortar
board, with the colored tassels that always
seem to find their way into an eve or a mouth.
WHY THE VELVET?
At the appearance of the first faculty
member in the academic procession, questions
begin to buzz among the spectators. Why does
Dr. Smith have the blue velvet edging on his
gown and hood? Dr. Jones has red velvet.
Why do they call that droopy thing hanging
down their backs a hood? Whats the idea
behind the colored tassels on the graduates
mortar boards?
Usually youll hear many different answers
to these kinds of questions. The truth is that
few people can say for sure what is behind
the color of graduation.
In away, the commencement processional
is a parade of the Middle Ages, for caps,
gowns, hoods and the assorted colors are
actually inheritances from European univer university
sity university scholars of four, five and even six hundred
years ago.
Color soon began to have symbolism in
medieval universities, though there was no
uniformity from one college to another. An
unknown philosopher of the 14th century
observed that the University of Paris assigned,
distinct costumes to its four faculties. Profes Professors
sors Professors in the liberal arts wore black round cloaks
of noble brunet or of fine perse lined with
fur. Physicians and medical men were attired
in ordinary copes (cloaks) or brunet some somewhat
what somewhat brighter than the artists and more nearly
red like the color of thick rouge. Jurists had



of Commencement
Text and Photographs
l>y Henry Newman

J cliolastic copes of scarlet and fiery red
fecausc red signified an inflamed mind
1 bcologians wore the garments prescribed bv
[ icir churches, or am simple garb of humble
| dor.
STAND ARDIZhI) IN U. S.
i The definite association of certain colors
fith certain ranks, degrees and faculties in
the evolution of the present academic cap and
'gown was standardized only in the United
f States.
1 In 1895 the Intercollegiate Commission
/Drew up a code that was ultimately adopted
95 per cent of the American colleges and
ij| ini\ ersities. Besides regulating the cut, stvle
Irjind materials of graduation gowns, the code
I



iDr. Lester R. Dragstedt wears the crimson cap
>d gown of the "Honoris Causa, the French
norary doctor of science. Dr. Dragstedt, a
professor of surgery at the J. Hillis
*1 ler Health Center, received this degree from
3 University of Lyons.

also prescribed the colors that were to
represent the different fields of learning.
White was taken from the white fur
trimming of the Oxford and Cambridge
bachelor of arts hoods and assigned to arts
and letters. Red, one of the traditional colors
of the church, went to theology. Royal purple,
a color associated with kings and their judicial
power, became the symbol for law.
Green, the color of medicinal herbs, was
adopted for medicine, and olive, because of its
closeness in color to green, was given to
pharmacy. Blue, for centuries the color asso associated
ciated associated with wisdom and truth, became the
color for philosophy, and for the same reason,
.i lighter shade of blue was gi\en to education.
Oxford pink w as retained for music. Ciolden-
Con tinned

Dr. Caspar Rappanecker displays the cap and
7 gown of the doctor of philosophy degree which
he received from Cornell University. Dr. Rappan Rappanecker
ecker Rappanecker is an associate professor of geology and
acting head of the geologv department.

w Hrl 1
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; -dS£ 'w'J* §& | MUiii
# IS vft :V jifl
y v i *|T^MPRsH|SBSBR
H Bu| % y

A blue chevron on a field of orange distin distinguishes
guishes distinguishes the University of Florida hood, held by
Mrs. Margaret Wurster, chief clerk in charge of
academic regalia. Pictured is the master of
sciences hood, received by master's candidates
from the College of Arts and Sciences. The
golden yellow velvet edging of the hood denotes
the science degree.
1r
r
'Bp
-fJr- r ** y **
The yellow cap and gown of the French
Docteur es Lettres" degree is worn by Dr.
Raymond E. Crist. A research professor of
geography, Dr. Crist received the French degree
from the University of Grenoble.



The Color of Commencement

Continued from page 13
yellow, standing for wealth which scientific
research had produced, was assigned to the
sciences, and russet brown, the color of the
dress of the ancient English foresters of Robin
Hoods time, was given to forestry.
Today, at the University, everyone with a
college or university degree may wear the
black academic gown. Hoods have tradition traditionally
ally traditionally been omitted by seniors who are candi candidates
dates candidates for a baccalaureate degree and arc
worn only by graduate students. The UF hood
has a lining of orange jvyith a chevron of blue
to represent the University colors. A Florida
faculty member who holds a degree from
another college wears the colors oi his own
alma mater.
The velvet edging on the hoods is the color
O O
that stands for the degree of the wearer, just
as the color of the undergraduate tassel stands
for the college from which he is graduating.
The doctors gown also has velvet trimming,
including cross bars on the sleeves. This
trimming may be black or may match the
color of the hood edging.
SLEEVES MAKE DIFFERENCE
The differences in gown sleeves also denotes
the degree held by the wearer. A long, pointed
sleeve indicates a bachelors degree, while a
long, closed sleeve with a slit near the upper
part of the arm designates a masters degree.
The doctors degree is signified by a round,
open sleeve.
Candidates for bachelors degrees who are
graduating with honors or high honors are
designated by the orange and blue fourragere,
or epaulet, worn on the left shoulder.
From a traditional background covering
Hundreds of years, the present academic
costume has evolved. All of this evolution in
scholastic dress has been climaxed in one
event in the life of a college student the
color of graduation.
The medieval student probably wouldnt
even recognize his everyday costume as it
exists today in the academic regalia. The dress
of the scholar originated in clothing worn by
clerics, or clerks, of the Middle Ages. These
scholars of the 14th century wore long, black
gowns with an equally long, sleeveless tunic
over it. When the weather was cold, the clerks
were allowed to wear a full cloak to which
a shoulder-length cape with a hood was
attached. Usually the clerks had some connec connection

THE FLORIDA ALLIGATOR 1
MAGAZINE SECTION
University of Florida May 1962
This special Alligator supplement was written and produced as
class assignments by students in the School of Journalism and
Communications. The Alligator is especially grateful for the
services of Journalism Professor Hugh Cunningham and Executive
Secretary of the Board of Student Publications K, B. Meurlott. Staff
members for this issue include Bill Adams, Clif Cormier, Bill Curry,
Carotyn Dart, Stan Jackson, Lucienne Pirenian, Sara Todd and
Frank Westmark.

tion connection with a church or monastery, which
provided funds in the form of a scholarship
or fellowship for his university studies.
At first the clerks costume wasn't too much
different from the clothing worn by those who
were not clerks. With the emergence of a
European middle class, however, more men
found that tradingwith distant countries was
bringing them increased wealth and making
them more independent of their feudal over overlords.
lords. overlords.
Soon the middle-class businessmen began
to show off their new-found w r ealth in the
clothes they wore. Gowns and tunics were
fashioned from the finest silks and damasks
of the East, and hoods were lined with the
costly fur of miniver instead of rabbits fur.
In time the nobility began to complain that
free-born members of the aristocracy could
not be distinguished from the unfree, new
rich townspeople. The result of this com complaint
plaint complaint was legislation issued by the kings,
restricting the use of certain furs and precious
jewels to members of the feudal society. Some
of these legislations ruled that a mans rank
must determine the amount of money he could
pay for the material that went into his clothes.
FIRST REGULATIONS
The same situation was felt by university
scholars during this period, so the first univer university
sity university regulations concerning the dress of
students and faculty were issued. However,
these regulations did not apply to the style
and cut of academic gowns, but to the cost.
In 1314 the rector and administrators of the
University of Toulouse in France decreed that
the price of clothing among the students and
faculty should be standardized. Their reasons
for the clothing standardization, according to
Lynn Thorndikes University Records and
Life in the Middle Ages, stemmed from a loss
in actual and potential teachers and scholars
because of the extreme costs of clothing.
Just about the time some German univer universities
sities universities were issuing regulations specifically ban banning
ning banning scholars and faculty from wearing such
high fashions as long, pointed-toe shoes, trunk trunkhose,
hose, trunkhose, puffed and slashed sleeves and multi multicolored
colored multicolored garments, other college students were
adopting special university colors, or livery.
Scholars of the LTniversity of Beauvais, France,
adopted a livery of blue, while the Queens
men at Oxford wore blood-red. Other Oxford
undergraduates favored green or blue.

Jflerry-
Jjound
By Frank Westmark
The University of I lorida's appropriation
dollar is nearing its precarious biennial ride
on the bureaucratic merry-go round.
The previous biennial budget approved by
the Board of Control and submitted to the
1961 legislature amounted to $83.2 million.
According to Robert B. Mautz, dean ol aea
demic affairs, the upcoming budget request
will be substantial!} increased.
Dean Mautz explained that the Universitys
budget is in realitv live different budgets,
r> j n
which include funds for operating the Agri Agricultural
cultural Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultural
Extension Service, Engineering and Industrial
Experiment Station, J. 11 ill is Miller Health
Center, and Educational and General funds.
The compiling of the budget begins with
the deans and various department heads who
estimate their general operating expenses for
the following year and send the total figure
in one lump sum to the University Budget
Committee.
The Budget Committee chaired by the
president and composed of the vice-president,
Dean Mautz and three faculty members,
studies these estimates and agrees on a ceiling
figure for each departments budget.
This figure is then sent to the department
head to use as a guideline for putting together
a detailed budget for the operation of his
department.
The department head may appear before
the Budget Committee to argue for additional
funds. The Committee hears these appeals
and decides on an equitable arrangement.
When each of the departmental budgets
is completed and approved by the Budget
Committee, the detailed request is sent to the
Board of Control for its approval.
Mautz explained that salary increases arc
received and decided on by the University
Salary Committee. This Committee represents
the University of Florida on the Interinstitu Interinstitutional
tional Interinstitutional Salary Committee which is composed
of similar committees from all of the State
universities.
The interinstitu tional Salary Committee
makes recommendations and proposals on the
faculty salaries to the Council of University
Presidents, which in turn makes recommenda recommendations
tions recommendations and essentially determines the salary
portions of the forthcoming university budgets.



Hki IUJI
Ol ~ k NU V)
. LECisi iTURtVy \ py budget V
s' safe?*)
k-tj

The purpose ol the Intel-institutional Salary
Committee, like most of the other interinsti interinstitution
tution interinstitution al committees, is to provide uniform
budget proposals between the State univer universities
sities universities before sending the budgets to the Board
of Control.
If the Board of Control approves the Uni Universitys
versitys Universitys proposed budget, it is then sent to
the State Budget Commission, which carefully
analyzes its component parts. The Budget
Commission, after studying the budget, sends
its recommendations along with the budget
to the Legislature.
Legislative Action
r-
The budget then is sent to various legisla legislative
tive legislative committees which also analyze its requests.
These committees may cut, increase or approve
the budget as it stands before sending it to
the floor of the Legislature.
The Legislature then votes on the budget.
O O
If the Legislature docs not approve the
proposed expenditure, the budget is sent back
to the committees for revision and additional
recommend ation s.
Mautz said that for the past two bienniums
Senate subcommittees have come to investigate
first hand the Universitys budgetary needs
and requirements.
He said the senators are taken on lours of
the University and shown the problems as
well as tire progress of its facilities. In ad addition,
dition, addition, Mautz said, the administration confers
with the senators and presents its arguments
for funds requested in the budget.
When tire budget is finally approved by the
l egislature, it is sent back downhill in the
Jiain of command to the Budget Commission.
The Budget Commission again analyzes the
oudget, this time in terms of whether or not
the money is available to meet the budget
requests.
This analysis is based on the consideration*
of the budgets and expenditures of all state
agencies compared to the total state funds
available to meet these requests.
Since the State of Florida cannot engage
in deficit spending, the Budget Commission
must confine legislative appropriations to mon monies
ies monies on hand. The only other recourse is for
the Legislature to increase taxes to meet its
proposed expenditures.
After running this gauntlet the Universitys

appropriation is sent back to the Board of
Control for its final approval. The Board may
also reconsider the bill and make changes or
hold back, any funds it deems necessarv.
Merit Pay Raise Issue
The proposed merit pay increase for pro professors
fessors professors passed through all the state agencies
and the legislature, but it was withheld by the
last link in the chain, the Board of Control.
However, at the time, the appropriation
was not earmarked as a merit increase. The
legislature appropriated $1.98 million as a
contingent fund to be used for year-around
operation. The Budget Commission assigned
approximately $750,000 of the appropriation
to be used for professors salaries for the split
trimester Session during the summer months.
Since the fiscal year ends on June 30,
nearly half of the $750,000 would go into
the next years budget. However, since the
money was appropriated for the previous year,
the University wanted to use it to grant merit
pay increases.
Gov. Farris Bryant takes the position that
the intent of the appropriation was that the
money should be for normal salary expenses
rather than for increases in professors pay.
The merit pay raise issue over these funds
graphically illustrates the power that an ex executive
ecutive executive head of a state wields over apparent
"independent state agencies or the legislative
body as well.
Finally, the budget makes its way from the
Board of Control back to its starting point,
the University. Since the budget rarely re returns
turns returns wearing the same dollar sign with which
it departed, the job of making adjustments
again falls on the University Budget Com Committee.
mittee. Committee.
The Committee must cut the initial depart departmental
mental departmental budget requests to balance the total
appropriation ultimately granted by the state.
The Committee may hear appeals from the
department heads before making their ad adjustments.
justments. adjustments.
According to Mautz, the University is con constantly
stantly constantly explaining its needs and justifying its
requests for funds. He explained that when whenever
ever whenever items are cut in the proposed budget
by one of the state agencies, chances are slim
that those items will be increased by another
agency.

This point is illustrated bv the 1961-63
biennial request, in which the University's
proposed budget request amounted to $83.2
million. After its y'o-yo route through channels,
however, the slightly anemic budget lost
523.5 million along the way.
Os the five divisions of the University's
biennial request, agriculture fared best. The
\gricultural Experiment Stations request was
cut 29.3 percent and the Agricultural Ex Experiment
periment Experiment Station, 27.1 percent.
The Educational and General fund, the
largest reguest, was clipped for 35.6 percent,
and the J. Ilillis Miller Health Centers bud budget
get budget request was chopped 64.1 percent.
Any one or all of the agencies that review
the Universitys budget are empowered to
make revisions and reecomcndations in the
budget in its route to and from the Legisla Legislature.
ture. Legislature.
Dean Maut/ explained, however, that all
of these state bodies are inclined to favor
higher education.
Within the framework of their overall
philosophy of no new taxes, they have gen generously
erously generously treated all of the Universitys needs,
he said.
He added that the Board of Control on
the broad whole has taken a strong stand
for higher faculty salaries and has supported
the University in this matter.
Future Budget Goals
Mautz said the goals for this biennial
budget is to raise faculty salaries to a point
equal or in excess of comparable universities.
In addition, he noted the need for an in increase
crease increase in faculty members to meet the ever everincreasing
increasing everincreasing University enrollment.
Mautz added that the University has an
extremely critical problem in obtaining non nonacademic
academic nonacademic personnel to handle the tremendous
increase in paperwork, research activity and
technical functions.
He explained that Gainesville is no longer
a small community. It has grown so that the
University has a problem recruiting a non nonacademic
academic nonacademic labor force with competition from
local industry, he added.
Mautz said another expense under the tri trimester
mester trimester system that must be met by the budget
is the cost of installing air-conditiorling. Under
the year-round operation, he said, the Univer University
sity University would need to install air-conditioning to
combat the heat of the summer months.



Grave
of the Past

By Frank Westmark
W ith the advent of legalized acquisition of
human bodies, the once lucrative profession
of grave robbing slipped into the shadows of
history.
However, before a legal means of acquisi acquisition
tion acquisition was legislated, the demand for knowledge
led to not only grave robbery but outright
murder to supply the active dissectionists of
early medical colleges.
Attaching respectibilitv to human dissection
has been a long struggle. Only recently have
people become sufficiently broadminded to
accept the necessary practice.
Throughout the history of the ancient
civilizations, it was a criminal offense- to
dissect a corpse for any reason. During the
Middle Ages, however, it became common
practice to carve executed criminals to infinity
in public squares as punishment for particu particularly
larly particularly heinous crimes.
In certain parts of Italy, these dissections
were quite gala affairs with the whole town
turning out to see the carving and the mayor
and his retinue of public officials taking a
ringside seat.
These spectacles proved that even the lay layman
man layman has a lively interest in how the human
carcass is put together.
Although the professor of anatomy or
surgery at the local medical school directed
the show, the gorv matter of dissection was
handled by the local barber whose services
were not limited to cutting hair and trimming
beards.
He cut on a much bigger scale.
The practice of blood-letting conducted by
barbers was a common treatment for every
known ailment, even enemia.
The bloody towels hung out in front of the

barber shops gave rise to the popular symbol
of the trade.
The red and white candv-striped poles in
front of barber shops today indicate that
present day tonsorial artists ply the trade
that had a more glamorous, if a more gory
history.
Following the Renaissance, the field of
anatomy became one of the more active in the
entire realm of science, l aboratory dissection
j
became accepted as an effective method of
teaching medical students.
Executed Criminals a Source of Cadavers
l
However, during the 19th Century, carcas carcasses
ses carcasses were carved faster than the gallows could
provide them, and the result was a severe
shortage of laboratory material.
The students and professors of the day
apparently were a resourceful lot and refused
to let the law of supply and demand curb
A Jocular Account of the
Colorful Antics of
Dealers of Corpses,
Compiled from the
Pages of History.

their scientific zeal. As the number of schools
and students continued to increase, rumors of
clandestine body snatching began to circulate
throughout Europe.
In many of the cities it came to be expected
that unless the local police stood vigil, any
recent grave was likely to be opened and its
occupant transported to the nearest medical
school.



However, the public took a dim view oC the
w hole business and pressured the police Into
putting a stop to such pilfering of the dead.
Professional Grave Robbers
With the student professor activities ceased,
enterprising capitalists stepped forward to
meet the demand, and the amateurs were
replaced by highly skilled professionals at the
art of grave robber).
It appears to have been a fairly lucrative
profession, because every city that had a
medical college also had two or three dealers
in corpses, who were dubbed 'resurrec 'resurrectionists/'
tionists/' 'resurrectionists/'
Finally, the surreptitious activities of the
became inadequate to meet the
demand for bodies, and some resurrectionists
resorted to outright murder to maintain their
inventories.
Two or, these resurrectionists, Burke and
Hare, operated a thriving carcass supply
business in Edinburgh, Scotland, around
1850. The pair is described as being "among
the most infamous characters of all time.
Burke and Ilarc referred to as the "sack-cm "sack-cmup
up "sack-cmup boys in a famous Scottish play, operated
a cheap rooming house in the slums of Edin Edinburgh,
burgh, Edinburgh, only a few blocks away from a medical
school directed by the. contemporary anato anatomist,
mist, anatomist, Robert Knox a
According to history, the inhabitants .of tbe
neighborhood apparently failed to notice that
many of the bums and derelicts who wander wandered
ed wandered into the rooming house were never seen
again. But Burke and Hare were methodical
businessmen. Their carefully kept records
indicated that a large number of their guests
never lived to check out the next morning.
Murder for Corpses
The procedure seems to have been to get
their prospective victims drunk on cheap,rum,
put them to bed, and push a pillow over their
heads instead of under them.
later that same night, the undamaged
corpses, already partially preserved in alcohol,
were hurried to the dissecting rooms of Dr.
Knoxs medical college.
Business ran along smoothly until Burke
and Hare decided that Knoxs students should
have the opportunity to dissect a female
corpse. Ihe pair succeeded in luring a prosti prostitute
tute prostitute into their establishment, swilled her with
rum, and after her suffocation, delivered her
carcass to the medical college.
The presence of feminity in the dissecting
rooms caused Knox no particular concern, but
the students were thrown into considerable
turmoil.
It seems the voutig prostitute had been
.intimately acquainted with several of the
students who become outraged at the obvious
foul plav and notified the police.
When the storv of Burke and Hare's foul
traffic of flesh was exposed in the newspapers,
mob violence broke loose in Edinburgh. Knox
barely escaped the country with his life, his
students dispersed throughout the country,
md the sack cm up bovs were svviftlv dealt
w itb.
Although none so notorious as Burke and

Hare have occurred before or since, illicit pro procurement
curement procurement of human bodies continued until
recently.
Less than 50 years ago, professional resur resurrectionists
rectionists resurrectionists plied their trade in various parts of
the United States.
Recent Grave Robbers
One of these more recent resurrectionists
was a villainous individual from Cincinnati,
Ohio, by the name of William Cunningham.
More commonly known as Old Gunny,
Cunningham plied his trade in corpses be between
tween between 1855 and 1871, according to Dr. Lin Linden
den Linden F. Edwards, professor of anatomy at Ohio
State University.
Old Cunny was an expert in his business.
His nocturnal activities provided a major
source of carcasses for the Cincinnati Medical
colleges.
However, Cunninghams cadaver supply
business was apparently not confined to the
local market.
In 1870, he deposited a man-sized box at
the U. S. express office in Cincinnati marked
Glass, handle with care, C.O.D. Dr. M. P.
Hayden, Leavenworth, Kansas.
The station agent, suspicious of the con contents,
tents, contents, opened the box. It contained the carcass
of a Negro woman served up in a sack and
prepared for the dissecting knife.
The Cincinnati Daily Gazette reported the
episode in a story on Jan. 20, 1870, noting
that "the freight was returned to Mr. Cun Cunningham.
ningham. Cunningham.
Old Cunny was finally apprehended in
1871 while cruising through downtown
Cincinnati late one night with two exhumed
carcasses in his wagon. Although he was sub-

^3L

sequently indicted on five counts of illegal
body possession, no record exists as to whether
he was ever tried for the offense.
Cunningham die-cl of natural causes on
Nov. 2, 1871, at the age of 64, but that was
not the end ol his earthly remains.
According to Edwards, Old Cunny had sold
his body to the Medical College of Ohio prior
to his demise, and when he died bis corpse was
turned over to his bereaved widow who
managed to get an additional S 5 for his giant
carcass.
A legal means of obtaining cadavers lias
evolved gradually, but little by little, laws have
been passed to make unclaimed and indigent
bodies available to medical colleges.
ai ¥ou ConT Seifa*'
Corpse in Florida
if-'"''
| Florida's G>llo<. e L nivmil
I statutes prohibit thes ,le i ,cd,c,n c Florida
I ai t ar r cnt, y the public doesn t'kml u IiCS ln
Ito science, he declared" ' SC ll t,K ,r bo >'es
****.
|vu The purpose of', dim cada- j
I human hod, is to deten, t < '? SCCtion of the I
structure at U ::'7 ,hC n I in I
I plained, bmet lomng, J le Cx |
jjected to )najo7sureerv 'p" l>ccn s "h|K
l ; cn,s <" ( hat have detoiS"7; ~Crin
* a shuih.r destructive 11(1 h < cancer If
added. u disease, Wilson!

mtta cL S l or th 4n Ja? >,C h h ;" c of heart J
5 usually ,n, act and nr'ilv\l l 1 / ! dissection, l,cst subjects fori
" 'lson s.iid on 8
(libation comes f n)ln ',i, V l ; lllilvc, s form
m,"" indigent 1 Jodies llil'l
#'" under the jurisdiction J,J hc
mT ail ,Jo ir /lie'll ~ rt ,.| 7 ""at-B
fair
Jg§ 1 am 'l n the?*!
'mn.Wc.W.SMhonish o< '7 b > fife
S'"", 1 to medic;,] education ""''hu B§H
Mil"' w'uwtiona/ use'must .e S. H J'l ,s e because the a- ,' i ,w halmingMJ|
'mds for,his ~u r pose l lm ¥'^
teSWtV&'r* r,M
lAf'/ler Health Center i ' HiHis 1|
headquarters of Vi. V ,a,n >Ho "hid, i s M
I "'W note, th n 'rd.
Haes at Norther, 2 ?. '"dical fc
| Torttnifelt ea unique situaHon C Irc J ' t ] lc
n 1 & un Ample Supply



3 Ss> STUDENT

w-* \
\\
jd\sd/
\V

18

LT student may switch a law school
desk for a State Legislature seat next April.
Clinton Foster, a 28-year-old law junior,
will face long-time incumbent Robert Hosford
in a run-off for the state representatives seat
in Liberty County in the second Democratic
Primary Tuesday, May 29.
Liberty County, population 3,300, is
geographically in the Big Bend country and
politically in the Pork Chop country of Flor Florida.
ida. Florida.
Foster ran high out of field of four in the
first primary on May 8, polling about 560 of
the countys 1400 voters. He lost to his oppon opponent
ent opponent In .21 votes in a run-off two years ago
when he was a business administration student
at Florida State University.
Why Is He Running?
L nless we get some younger men in
politics in the smaller counties we can't expect
to progress, he said.
He blames the stifling of grow th in smaller
counties upon the failure of some of the older
politicians to relinquish their power.
Campaigning and studies dont mix verv
well, Clint says. He has made the 400-mile
round trip to his home every week-end this
semester.
But Clint has more than his constituents
waiting for him at home.
\lso waiting are his w ile and his scven-\ear scven-\earold

old scven-\earold son.
He leaves campus every Friday evening and
returns late Sunday or early Monday morning.
Clint stayed over Tuesday for the first
primary just to make sure, if his vote was
needed and Wednesday to hear the results
personally.
How Does He Campaign?
W e had a series of political rallies back
home, but most of the campaigning is done
w ith the trusty smile and handshake..
He has even called on the collegiate sense
oi humor to win voters.
A typical quip: If you cant vote for me
w hen you get to my name just cross it out
with an X. Voting in Liberty County is done
In paper ballot.
W hat is lie offering his constituents?
f irst, he savs he offers his interest in the

county. A native of Escambia County, he
moved to Liberty County 17 years ago. He
was vice president of Future Farmers of
\merica in high school and has since served
as president of the local chamber of commerce
and of the Young Democrats Club.
Besides interest, he is offering his work
towards luring industry to aid the county. 1
would use the' influence of my.post to repre represent
sent represent the county in its quest, he said.
W hat about the Pork Chop ?
I'm against any method of reapportion-



"politicians^
s3ia£ |||.

merit that will place the smaller counties of
the Pork Chop bloc at the mercy of the larger
counties, he said.
The only reason he is for the reapportion reapportionment
ment reapportionment measure which will go before voters next
fall is that it will quiet things down on the
subject by a compromise.
Under our current system I do not feel
that our larger counties are suffering as much
as they say they are.
They are not at as great a disadvantage
now' as the smaller counties would be if
apportionment were otherwise, he said.
What made him run two vears ago?
Originally he said he ran because he had
a lot of Encouragement from his friends and
public officials.
I wasnt satisfied with the record of our
present member. I feel the same wav now' .
the only difference is that it is two years later
and I feel I ha\e a chance of closing up that
21 vote gap.
If He Should Win?
I suppose cverv politician hopes to keep
climbing if he can.
Fosters entrance into state politics brings
,to mind the rich legacy of UF politicians.
It is common knowledge that Senators
George Smathers and Spessard Hollard were
campus politicos and that Fuller Warren left
the campus with tall political tales.

But it is the student who runs while in
college for state political posts that appear
particularly interesting.
Doyle Conner, present commissioner of agri
culture won the legislative seat from Bradford
County while an agriculture student in 1952.
He later served as speaker of the House.
Another former agriculture student, Don
Fuqua, who was well out front in the recent
primary for Congressman* from the 9th Con Congressional
gressional Congressional District first ran for the State
Fegislature while attending the I F in 1956.
But perhaps the most colorful contribution
to state politics by a student politician was
made by Gator Beck who was elected state
representative from Putnam Count) in 1954.
Beck won wide attention while a student
and a state representative when he tried to
push through legislation revoking Gainesvilles
contract toprovide the UF w ith free water
under an agreement that originally brought
the University to the city. Beck's plan would
have ended this obligation but would have
required the city to lower its water rates. The
city was against it because it ostensibly would
have had to go to the Legislature every time
it wanted to jack water rates.
Beck lived off campus at the time and
didn't appreciate his water hills.
He lost in his battle, but proved that water,
going to school and politics do mix.

jjyj
\! t? y -s ;
By BILL CURRY

19



T
HE 1962 Gator baseball team could
be the finest athletic team ever to represent
the University of Florida in its 57-vear-old
athletic history.
At least thats w hat the national rankings
sav. At least once during the season the team
w as ranked second in the country and was con consistently
sistently consistently in the top 5 the highest any I f
team has ever been ranked in any sport.
But just bow good are the Gators?
Record-wise, the 1962 Gators arc the best
baseball team in Florida history. After the
Southeastern Conference playoff series with
Mississippi State, which the Gators won,
Florida had won 23 games and lost just six.
Fhe 1956 team won 21 and lost 4, but the
present club still has the NCAA District Tour Tournament
nament Tournament later this month in Gastonia, N. C.
and had games w ith Rollins and FSU as this
was written.
Coach Dave Fuller, in his fifteenth season
at the helm of the Florida baseball program,
has had 13 winning seasons and just two
losing campaigns.
LOTS OF SPEED
Comparing past teams to this years club,
Fuller says, This team ranks with the best
teams Ive had. Its a different type team. It
has excellent pitching, great speed, but lacks

Keystone Twins Cement Rock-solid Infield
Ron Birchall, left, ss; Earl Montgomery, right, 2B

20

x 62 Gator Baseball

the power of past teams."
Fuller could have stressed the speed de department
partment department more. llis 1962 Gators stole 102
bases in 29 games through the conference
campaign. Fuller is quick to claim a national
record.
Sure we re going to claim a record. And if
any team has stolen more bases Id like to
know about it.
NO STARS
Comparing past players with this years
individuals, it is easy to see why the 1962
club is called a team without a star.
The three first basemen Eddie Braddy,
C harlie Bean and Bob Coleman arc batting
around .300, but lack the professional poten potential
tial potential of Ronnie Overcash, w ho was signed after
his sophomore year in 1960 by the Kansas
City Athletics for $40,000.
Overcash batted in 40 runs during his only
season with the Florida varsity. Braddy, Bean
and Coleman have done well in the field, and
hit plenty of singles, but they are 30 RBFs
short of Overcashs 1958 mark.
Carol Lanoux and Earl Montgomery have
alternated at second base. Lanoux has been
hitting around .280 all season, while Mont Montgomery
gomery Montgomery has been above the .300 mark.
Still they both play in the shadow of Bernie

jm
jfifl fit it
Gator Baseball Coach Dave Fuller is shown
with his trio of first basemen. The three first
sackers alternated throughout the season. From
left to right, they are Charlie Bean, Bob Cole Coleman
man Coleman and Ed Braddy.
Parrish, one of Florida's greatest athletes.
Parrish was an All-America second baseman
in 1958, hitting .460. He signed a $40,000
bonus with the Cincinnati Reds just before
the Gators were to play in the District 111
tournament, by-passing his last year of foot football
ball football eligibility. Former U F football Coach Bob
Woodruff was so upset with the signing of
Parrish he probably never attended another
baseball game. To add to Woodruffs dis displeasure,
pleasure, displeasure, Parrish quit professional baseball
after two years to play pro football with the
Cleveland Browns.
Murderers' Row

Al Lopez
.325 BA
18 SB

1
ij r.- 1
Tom Moore
.341 BA.
23 SB



Best In History

hI If jh
One of the mainstays of the Gator nine this
L year was C. W. Price. Captain of the team, Price
led the squad in home runs and was one of the
l most effective of Coach Fuller's pitchers.
/
Tommy Moore, talented Gator third base base|*
|* base|* man, is having a great season. Moore has a
I .333 batting average, with live triples, 31
l runs scored, 23 RBl's and 23 stolen bases.
Fuller claims he cant remember when a
) Gator has stolen as many bases in one season.
Moore could rank as good or better than any
! third baseman in UF history and if the team
has a star might he it. Virgil Martin was
the captain of the 1953 team and posted a
f .338 batting average. But he never came near
l Moore in stolen bases or RBls. In the last
j nine vears there hasnt been a third baseman

Florida Style

HpN

Bernie Haskins
.330 BA
14 SB

Len Scheinhoft
24 RBI
7 2B

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J|B|Pr ||pv ||||k
From left to right: pitchers Ray Bennett, Jim Biggart, Art Ondich, C. W. Price, Jerry Nicolson,
Henry Farmer and Ed Clark.

to match Moores fielding, hitting, or running.
At shortstop, Ronnie Birchall has done well
for a sophomore, though his average has been
only around the .200 mark.
Hell improve with experience," Fuller
said.
As yet, Birchall cant match up to the
playing talents of Tom Maxey (SB), but lies
learning with every game.
SPEEDY OUTFIELD
Floridas starting outfield this year has
accumulated a tital of just one home run the
entire season. Yet the present Gator outlield
squad has proved to be as valuable as any ot
the past power hitting outfields.
Through the conference season, just nine
errors were committed in the outfield, setting
a new fielding record for UF outfielders.
As for speed, the Gator outfielders arc con considered
sidered considered the fastest in the SEC and in UF
history. Leftfielder Don Ringgold has 14
stolen bases, centerfielder A1 Lopez Jr., has
19 and rightfielder Bernie Haskins has 12.
Ringgold has been in a batting slump all
year. He holds the lowest average of the

Florida regulars, but lias made up for bis bat batting
ting batting average failure in RBls and runs scored,
lies driven in 20 runs to rank third on the
team, and has scored 25 runs, also placing
third.
Lopez is the son of Chicago White Sox
Manager, A1 Lopez. Hitting around .250 for
most of the year, A1 came alive in the Ken Kentucky-Tcnnesscc
tucky-Tcnnesscc Kentucky-Tcnnesscc road series and his ten hits
paced the Gators to four straight wins.
Comparing the present Gator outlielders
with past ones might be considered unfair.
Graduates like All-America Perry McGrilf and
powerful Charlie Smith were regarded as the
strongest sluggers in the SEC from 1956
through 1959. McGriff and Smith both went
on to play professional baseball.
There were other great Florida outlielders
like Rudy Simpson and Gene Gore of the 1952
championship team; Bobby Geissinger of the
1959 team; and Don Fleming of the 1960
team.
Floridas strongest position in the last ten
years has been catcher, and this year Lcn
Scheinhoft has kept up the tradition. Evcry-

21



K 1.
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- / jfl jNKf. u
B A / V JS Bl r' A
W_,. $\ gp - Jp:' ff*r|
t v
Second Row: (Left to right) Don Ringgold, Ray Bennett, Jim Biggart, Charlie Bean, Jim Dzurus, Ed Braddy, Jim Duncan.
Third Row: (Left to right) Dave Fuller, Bob Coleman, C. W. Price, Ed Clark, Henry Farmer, Jerry Nicolson, Art Ondich, Al Lopez.

one admires Florida's base stealing record of
102 in 28 games, but few people realize only
six runners have been able to steal off Schein Scheinhoft
hoft Scheinhoft all season.
Possibly no one knows Len is behind the
plate, as hes the complete opposite from Paul
Booher, Floridas All-SFC catcher in 1960 61.
Booher was the pepper-pot of the Gators for
three years and fans were used to hearing
home plate sound like a ladies mah jong game.
Scheinhoft is the quiet type ... but he
gets the job done, behind and at the plate. Len
has been one of Floridas best hitters the last
two ypars. Through the conference season he
had a .300 average, and leads the club in
BBFs with 25 and in doubles with seven.
Great catchers are a tradition at Florida.
Before Scheinhoft anti Booher were Haywood
Sullivan, now of the Kansas City As. All
SI C Bobby Barnes and All-SFC Jem Bil\h.
.. BEST PITCHING DEPTH
Coach Fuller prides himself in outstanding
pitching staffs, but this \ears team has more
pitching depth than any of his other teams.
Belief specialist Jim Biggart (7-0), Jimmy
Hliott (2 0), Art Ondich (1-0), Eddie Clark
(4-1), Jerry Xicolson (5-2), and C. W. Price
(4 3) make up the strength of the Gator
mound corps.
Biggart, a non-scholarship player, came out
on his own this Spring, and has developed into
one of the finest relief hurlers in L F history,
lies compared to Jack Hazcn of the 1951

12

team, who like Biggart, had a 7-0 record \y itli
40 innings pitched, mostly in relief.
Every team has its ace and this year Flor Floridas
idas Floridas was Nicolson, the tall right hander. Big
Nick won some important games for the
Gators. His biggest victories were against
Georgia (6-3) and Auburn (5-4). In both
games he struck out 13 batters.
Price, the captain of the team, started
slowly, but looked very impressive in the SEC!
playoff. He beat Kentucky in a vital game,
9-1, allowing just five hits and banging out a
pair of home runs himself.
Sophomores Clark, Elliott and Ondich \\ ere*
impressive throughout the season and w ill he
front line hurlers next year.
I o show Floridas pitching depth, the Gators
won four games in four straight days on the
mad, defeating Kentucky twice and Tennes Tennessee
see Tennessee twice. Only a team with a deep pitching
staff could do that, and allow an average
of less than two runs per game.
It was a great season for the Gators, and
it s not over yet. Ihc team w ill compete in the
NCAA District 111 Pwgionals May 31, June 1
and 2, in Gastonia, V C. If the Gators win
there, next stop is the College World Series
in Omaha, Neb. \ win there means a trip
to Hawaii to compete in a World Tournament
this summer.
Fuller is not making any hotel reservations
on Waikiki Beach yet, but hes not throwing
nw av his sun-tan lotion either.

1962 BASEBALL STATISTICS
FLORIDA GATORS SEC CHAMPIONS
SEC: Won 16: Lott 4 Percentage .800
Name Pot At R H 28 38 HR SB RBI BA
Tom Moore 3B 105 32 35 1 5 1 25 24 .333
Bornie Hatkint RF 100 21 33 4 1 0 12 14 .330
Ed Braddy IB 56 13 18 2 0 0 4 9 .321
Al Lopez CF 87 28 27 5 0 0 19 11 .310
Lon Scheinhoft C 91 14 28 7 3 0 25 .308
Bob Coleman 18 24 8 71 11 1 9 .292
Earl Montgomery IF 31 3 9 1 0 0 1 4 .290
Carol Lonoux 2B 73 18 20 3 1 0 13 12 .274
C. W. Price P 36 5 9 1 0 3 1 8 .250
Ron Birchafl SS 64 20 14 0 0 0 10 5 .219
Charlie Boon IB 42 7 9 2 0 1 0 10 .214
Don Ringgold LF 97 27 19 6 0 1 13 20 .196
ierry Nicolton P 28 5 5 0 0 0 1 3 .179
Lett than 25 at bat*
Jimmy Elliott IF 12 3 4100 0 2 .333
Jim Duncan C 12 2 2000 0 1 !167
Jim Biggart P 14 3200022 .143
Eddie Clark P 10 1 10 0 0 0 1 .100
Norbert Lado IF-OF 2 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .000
Jim Dzurut OF 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Henry Farmer P 2 0000000 000
PITCHING
Name ST RE W L IP IR H SO BB ERA
Jim Biggart 1 11 7 0 44 5 17 36 18 1.02
Jim Elliott 4 420 27 13 9 16 13 15* 2.99
Art Ondich 2 010 12 13 2 10 5 2 1.50
Eddie Clark 4 6 4 1 30 12 25 17 10 3.60
Jerry Nicolton 9 2 5 2 76 2 3 25 58 51 31 2.92
C. W. Price 8 4 4 3 56 2 3 23 59 36 28 3.63
Honry Farmer 2 000 623 4 7 2 3 5.13
RESULTS
No. Opp Fla. Opp
10 Miami 14 12 Georgia Tech 1
12 Miami 7 9 Georgia Tech 5
4 Rollins 3 3 Auburn 7
8 Rollins 4 1 Auburn 2
6 Georgia 3 5 Kentucky 1
11 Georgia 12 9 Kentucky 1
9 North Carolina 13 8 Tennessee 2
3 North Carolina I 8 Tennessee 3
11 Vanderbilt 0 15 Georgia Tech 4
5 Vanderbilt 17 Georgia Tech 2
6 Florida Southern 3 8 State 3
5 Georgia 1 2 Mississippi State 3
3 Furman 2 8 Mississippi State 7
11 Furman 5
5 Auburn 4
9 Auburn 8 SEC Playoff



Often Season on /
by Sara Todd

The red-eyed spectre in the beard and daze
sipping his eternal cup of strong, black coffee
can t remember when he last went to bed.
Since panic season opened, his days marked
by stress, strain and dexedrine run one into
another.
Its final exam time at the University of
Florida. Bitten fingernails, overflowing ash ashtrays,
trays, ashtrays, and lights way into the night testify to
this fact. Roommates are touchy, lovers tend
to quarrel more, and married students send
their children into the yard to play.
The campus slightly changes its format to
encompass the two-week testing period which
terminates the spring semester and very nearly
terminates the students.
ROUGH PERIOD
Students are entering the roughest period
of the semester at exam time, is the opinion
of Gay H. Welborn, director of University
Food Service. With this in mind, we try to
make things as easy as possible for them.
Cafeteria hours are extended past midnight
for study purposes, eye-opening snacks and
relaxation. Welborn emphasized this is done
as a service to the students, not as a sales
booster.
Dining areas, both in the main cafeteria
and the dormitories, provide places for
students to studv other than their rooms,
Welborn said.
A great deal more coffee is consumed at
this time, he continued.
Welborn said -the makings of hamburgers
and cheeseburgers are always kept on hand
for the more popular quickie meals' of
sandwiches and snacks.
Between study breaks and mealtime, the
library sags under the influx of students fill filling
ing filling each room close to capacity.
Students become more serious in their use
of the library as a study hall," said W. G.
Harkins, associate director of Universitv
libraries. Research gives wax to review and
circulation drops.
c;oi 1)1 \ SII ENCE
Most noticeable is that every available
nook and corner is occupied, said Harkins.
Students tend to search out the most quiet,
out-of-the-w av places.
The provision of undisturbed study con conditions
ditions conditions extends to dormitories and fraternity
and sorority houses with enforced quiet hours
around the clock. And there are some who
studv all 2-4 hours. I heir windows are never
dark and the muffled sounds of a typewriter
is heard way into the night.
The overall campus is generally quieter,
according to campus police chief A. L.
Schuler.
Although people are on the grounds later

at night, there is less group activity and
traffic than at other times during the semes semester
ter, semester M said Schuler. Those who remain on the
campus take exams seriously and are intent
on studying.
He reported that vandalism and destructive
pranks vary little during this period, but thefts
are on the increase as they are previous to
every vacation period.
Thefts arc prevalent both in the dormitor dormitories
ies dormitories and from automobiles, Schuler said.
Students who leave their parked cars parked
on the streets or in the lots while taking their
last exam often find their property stolen.
He said pranks to relieve tension of exams
occur for the most part in the dormitories and
are not reported to the police.
TENSION BREAK
This diversion from the books and endless
hours of studying takes many forms. Walk the
window ledge or run the fire hose down four
flights. Escape on wheels a borrowed bike
or the fastest motorcycle around. Bridge
games by the dozen and star-gazing by the
Ouija board. Go for a walk, fast, far, anv anvxvhere
xvhere anvxvhere away from the books.
Some people when they start walking never
turn around.
There are students who can t face up to
exams, explained associate registrar R. H.
Whitehead. The final exam period the
panic season which is upon us is one of
the three heavy withdrawal periods of the
semester.
Whitehead said the student who feels he is
doing too poorly to pass would rather drop
out than face the danger of failure. This wav
he loses a semesters money and a semesters
work but may re-enter the university again.
However, withdrawals are not allowed after
TIPS FOR EXAM STUDYING
By Noel Plummer
Student Clinician, Counseling Center
1) Pick one or two particular spots for study
free from outside stimuli.
2) Study one subject for an hour and then
switch to an entirely different type. One hour
devoted to a subject on six days is better than
six hours of studying a subject on one day.
3} Take short breaks. Every half-hour take
your eyes away from the page, look out the
window, or throw water on your face. High
concentration yields maximum learning in a
half-hour.
4) your reading. Be active, not
passive in learning.
5) Dont study new information right up to
time for the exam. Review previously learned
material.

the first exam begins.
Many students attempt to fight the pressure
of finals by seeking answers to their problems
at the psychiatric clinic or the University
counseling center.
Several things are responsible for the
increase in clients at the counseling center,
according to student clinician Noel Plummer,
graduate student in clinical psychology.
Some students arc faced with immediate
vocational choices, some want better methods
of study, and some arent sure why they come,"
said Plummer. We figure a general depres depression
sion depression due to the pressure of exams brings them
there.
SOME PRESSURE GOOD
A certain amount of pressure is good for
it causes the individual to work at his peak,
Plummer said. Experiments show a student
under some pressure is clicking on all
cylinders."
However, he warned that excessive stress
over a long period of time is detrimntal to a
good performance. Too much pressure with
no release such as live exams in a row
can cause a student to go over the brink.
What he has known well before escapes him
and reasonably simple subjects become harder
to learn.
Concentrated studv throughout the semes semester
ter semester is the idealistic method for learning, but
just aint reality ", said Plummer.
NIGHT OWLS
As for all-night studv ing, Plummer believes
it more harmful than good. The individual
knows the amount of sleep he needs to work
well and should receive that amount.
"The only way cramming all night is help helpful
ful helpful is in relieving guiltv feelings from a semes semesn
n semesn n o
ter of not studying," said Plummer. In
reducing these guiltv feelings, one reduces
tension.
And so the exam hour strikes. A shadowy
figure with uncombed hair and rumpled
elothes shuffles into his test armed with a
nickel bluebook, a leakv pen, and a semester

of knowledge.

23



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