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 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Acknowledgement
 Introduction
 The preservation technical reference...
 Classification schemes
 Frequency statistics
 Bibliography






Group Title: Preservation technical reference library and access to information
Title: The preservation technical reference library and access to information
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028285/00001
 Material Information
Title: The preservation technical reference library and access to information
Physical Description: ii, 138 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Kesse, Erich J., 1959-
Heilig, Chad M., 1969-
Publisher: University of Florida Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville FL
Publication Date: 1989
 Subjects
Subject: Library materials -- Conservation and restoration   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 136-138)
Statement of Responsibility: compiled by Erich J. Kesse and Chad M. Heilig.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00028285
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001630184
oclc - 24018510
notis - AHQ4951

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Page i
    Acknowledgement
        Page ii
    Introduction
        Page 1
    The preservation technical reference library
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Art & archaeology technical abstracts
            Page 6
            Classification
                Page 6
            Subject index terms
                Page 7
                Page 8
                Page 9
        Art index
            Page 10
            Page 11
        ERIC
            Page 12
        Library and information science abstracts
            Page 13
        Library literature
            Page 13
        Library of Congress Subject Headings
            Page 14
            Free-floating subdivisions
                Page 14
                Page 15
                Page 16
                Page 17
                Page 18
            Preservation descriptors
                Page 19
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    Classification schemes
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        Library of Congress classification scheme
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        Dewey decimal classification scheme
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    Frequency statistics
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        Library of Congress subject headings
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            Cumulative frequency report
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        Library of Congress classification scheme
            Page 131
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            Cumulative frequency report
                Page 133
        Dewey decimal classification scheme
            Page 134
            Cumulative frequency report
                Page 135
    Bibliography
        Page 136
        Bibliography of basic bibliographies
            Page 136
        Bibliography of journals, newsletters, and periodicals
            Page 137
            Page 138
Full Text






















THE
PRESERVATION TECHNICAL REFERENCE LIBRARY
and
ACCESS TO INFORMATION.





Compiled by
Erich J. Kesse and Chad M. Heilig.


Gainesville, FL : University of Florida Libraries, 1989.













THE PRESERVATION TECHNICAL REFERENCE LIBRARY
and
ACCESS TO INFORMATION.






TABLE OF CONTENTS





Introduction .......................................................................... 1

The Preservation Technical Reference Library .......................................... 2

Preservation descriptors
Art & Archaeology Technical Abstracts
Classification .................................................................. 6
Subject index terms ............................................................. 7
Art Index .......................................................................... 10
ERIC ........................................ .......................... ...... 12
Library and Information Science Abstracts ......................................... 13
Library Literature ............................................................. 13
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Free-floating subdivisions ...................................................... 14
Preservation descriptors ........................................................ 19

Classification schemes
Library of Congress classification scheme ......................................... 109
Dewey decimal classification scheme ................................................ 120

Frequency statistics .................................................................. 124
Library of Congress Subject Headings ............................................... 125
Cumulative frequency report ..................................................... 130
Library of Congress classification scheme ......................................... 131
Cumulative frequency report ..................................................... 133
Dewey decimal classification scheme ................................................ 134
Cumulative frequency report ..................................................... 135

Bibliographies
Bibliography of Basic Bibliographies ............................................... 136
Bibliography of Journals, Newsletters, and Periodicals ........................... 137


1




















ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


This publication was made possible through a grant
from the University of Florida, Division of Sponsored
Research to study preservation and conservation efforts
throughout the United States, Canada and other English
speaking countries. In particular, the grant allowed
study of forms used to record information and termin-
otogy used to access information.


ii













THE PRESERVATION TECHNICAL REFERENCE LIBRARY
and
ACCESS TO INFORMATION.



Compiled by Erich Kesse and Chad M. Heilig.









Introduction.





This publication arrises from a three-fold concern. First, access to the Literature of
preservation. This literature, often, like that of the sciences, is published in journal articles
or issued in unpublished reports which are not easily accessed. Second, information gathering and
collection development. A well developed preservation technical reference library informs
preservation programs, contains specifications and standards for operations, and models for policy
making, organization and management. And third, terminology. The choice and use of terms is
fundamental to both accessing information and arranging it in the reference library for continued use.
Moreover, terminology, particularly standardized terminology whether in the vernacular, a specialized
nomenclature or encoded in classification schemes is key to automation not only of technical reference
literature which informs preservation programs but of treatment file information which fuels program
operations through manipulation and analyses of data currently lost in manual records systems.


An earlier and much less complete version of this publication was originally issued as an outline
for a collection development plan used to build a preservation technical reference library at the
University of Florida Libraries. Its development was guided, in part, by responses to a census of
preservation and conservation activities which was conducted throughout 1987 and 1988.


Page 1














THE PRESERVATION TECHNICAL REFERENCE LIBRARY:
Outline for A Collection Development Plan









A Rationale for the Development of a Preservation Technical Reference Library.

A preservation technical reference library serves to inform the preservation needs of its parent
institution. Unlike other collections, a preservation library may not directly support curricula or
research but, rather, a program which preserves materials for curricula and research. Among the
activities the preservation technical reference Library is most likely to directly support are: basic
planning and management, disaster planning, environmental control, bookbinding and conservation,
reprography (i.e., microfilming and preservation photocopying), and staff and user education. The
collection informs these activities with technical and material specifications, standards and tests,
as well as bibliographies for further research and collection development. If the institution's needs,
interests and responsibilities may extend to local, regional, national, and international involvement,
the library's collection should inform and reflect any extended involvement.
Continued collection development is as essential to preservation as it is to the curricula of the
sciences. Currency of knowledge regarding methods, materials and structures assures adequate
preservation. Informed procedures and decision making allow the Preservation Department to assume
growing responsibility for the condition of its parent institution's collections, as well as take
informed positions when working cooperatively within the national preservation program.


Strategies for Collection Development.

1. Review of Collections:

(a) Preservation technical reference library (if extant);
(b) Fine arts library;
(c) Science Library; and
(d) Miscellaneous collections in general holdings.

Items relating to preservation and affiliated subjects may be identified through computer assisted or
manual means by Library of Congress subject headings, Library of Congress classification values, and
Dewey decimal classification values. Scanning of shelf Lists and union catalogs may also be undertaken
to meet this end. An assessment of the collections and their ability to meet the needs of a growing
preservation program should be evaluated.
A bibliography, listing identified sources, may be produced. Sources should be considered for their
importance and ability to meet current and projected needs. More important sources may be annotated and
indexed as time provides. A separate bibliography of bibliographies may be extremely important for later
collection development activities. If possible, the bibliography should be computer generated and
maintained for updates. More advanced bibliographies may be broken into broad or specific subject areas.


Page 2













2. Literature Review.


(a.) Bibliographies; and
(b.) Serial publications.

Bibliographies and serial publications in preservation and allied fields should be reviewed and
monitored to enhance retrospective and continuing collection development. Given the speed with which
preservation is changing, bibliographies provide data for retrospective development, as well as subject
indexing and bibliographic control required to locate material on specific topics within preservation.
Serial publications, because of their timely nature, might be kept with the serial collections after
being routed to the Preservation Department. Serials provide current information as well as references
to forth-coming literature. Research and retrospective development with regard to the collection of
journal articles may also be undertaken by survey of Literature using Art Index, the ERIC database and
files, Library and Information Science Abstracts, and Library Literature. Important or often consulted
articles might be copied and filed in the Preservation Department for ready access. John DePew's
article, "The Application of Bradford's Law in Selecting Periodicals on Conservation and Preservation of
Library Materials" (Collection Management. v.8(1), Spring 1986. p.55-64), may be helpful in defining
areas of subject concentration and in compilation of bibliographies for literature review.





3. Publishers' Announcements.

Publishers' announcements provide information on current and forthcoming literature. Receipt of
announcements and sales-lists from publishing houses, as well as newsletters from the following
organizations might be beneficial.

American Association for State and Local History.
American Chemical Society
American Confederation of Governmental and Industrial Hygienists.
American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC).
American Library Association [especially the Resources and Technical Services Division's
Preservation of Library Materials Section (PLMS) and Reproduction of Library Materials
Section (RLMS)].
American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).
Art Libraries Society of North America.
Arts, Crafts and Theater Safety (ACTS).
Association for Information and Image Management (AIIM).
Association of Records Managers and Administrators International (ARMA).
Association of Research Libraries. Office of Management Services (OMS). Systems and Procedures
Exchange Center.
Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Material
Canadian Bookbinders and Book Artists Guild
Canadian Conservation Institute.


Specifications or standards publishing organizations.


Page 3














Center for Safety in the Arts. [formerly: Center for Occupational Hazards.]
Commission on Preservation and Access.
Eastman Kodak Company.
Guild of Book Workers.
Institute of Paper Chemistry.
International Institute for Conservation (IIC).
International Institute for Conservation -- Canadian Group (IIC-CG).
Institute of Paper Conservation.
International Federation of Libraries Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
Library Binding Institute.
Library of Congress. [especially: National Preservation Program Office.]
National Archives and Records Administration. [especially: Preservation Policy and Services
Division.]
National Association of Government Archivists and Records Administrators (NAGARA).
National Endowment for the Humanities. Preservation Office.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).
National Information Standards Organization (NISO).
National Institute for Conservation.
Research Libraries Group (RLG).
Rochester Institute of Technology. [especially: Image Permanence Institute and School of
Printing Management and Sciences.]
Society for Imaging Science and Technology (SPSE).
Society of American Archivists (SAA).
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.
Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI).
United Kingdom Institute for Conservation (UKIC).
United States. Office of Education. Division of Library Programs. Title Il-C.


Specifications or standards publishing organizations.






4. Approval/Forms Plans.

Approval plans in the field of preservation may prove impossible to establish for either, if not both,
the dealer and the library due to the specificity of the collecting area. A forms plan, which lists
titles published in the field, may prove more beneficial. Plans, should they be established, should be
drawn to meet the Dewey and Library of Congress classification values or Library of Congress subject
headings.


Page 4













5. Policy and Procedure Exchanges.


The Association of Research Libraries' Systems and Procedures Exchange Center, part of the Association's
Office of Management Studies, serves in a limited capacity as a center for the exchange of policies and
procedures through its SPEC Kit publications. Individual SPEC Kits are compilations of materials on
single topics. Some of the topics addressed by the Center have been basic preservation procedures,
binding operations, brittle books programs, organizing for preservation, and photocopy services. The
collection of SPEC Kit publications should be required. In addition, a passive program of acquiring
policies, procedures and reports issued by other institutions should be considered. Review of these
policies, procedures and reports should simplify definition of policies and procedures by the local
Preservation Department for its institution. Shared policies and procedures.enhance the level of
standardization within preservation and strengthen the national preservation program.





6. Subject Headings and Classification Schemes.

Collection development, file arrangement and information access are enhanced through compilation of
subject headings, descriptors and classification scheme values for preservation. An excellent
consideration of the topic is found in the editor's foreword of a special supplement on subject headings
for information retrieval to The Abbey Newsletter (v.9, no.1, pt.2 [April 1985]). The supplement also
contains subject headings and classification schemes designed by Robert Espinosa, Paul Foulger, Gary
Frost, Paul S. Koda, and Ellen McCrady. Established subject headings and classification schemes used
by libraries provide key element access to preservation information in the automated environment and
facilitate shelf scanning and browsing in local collections. Use of headings and schemes, perhaps
condensed and simplified, with generalizations and detail to meet local needs, renders a growing
preservation technical reference library or vertical file manageable and assures ready access to
valuable information. PHOCUS, the Photograph Conservation Universal Decimal Classification System at
the Photograph Conservation Division of Public Archives Canada, is an example of one particularly
effective use of a classification scheme and thesaurus to index and provide access to preservation
information. [Cf, Public Archives Canada. PHOCUS, a bibliographic data base for the conservation of
photographic materials. Ottawa, Ont. : the Archives, 1985.]


Page 5














ART & ARCHAEOLOGY TECHNICAL ABSTRACTS:
CLASSIFICATION SCHEME.





A. Methods of examination and documentation.
1. Microscopy.
2. Photography, radiography, and other imaging techniques.
3. Dating.
4. Data and record handling.
5. Analysis.

B. Conservation practice.
1. Environmental control, exhibition, storage, transportation, and handling.
2. General treatment procedures, materials and equipment.
3. Health hazards.
4. Causes of deterioration.
5. History, ethics and policy.

C. Archaeological methods.

D. Architectural conservation, etc.

E. Conservation training.

F. History of technology.

G. Analysis and treatment of works of art:
1. Paper, books, and archives.
2. Photographs and audiovisual materials.
3. Paint and paintings.
4. Wood
5. Textiles, fibers and dyes.
6. Other natural organic materials.
7. Metals and metallurgical by-products.
8. Ceramics, glass and enamels.
9. Stone; related building materials and minerals.
10. Synthetic materials.


Page 6














ART & ARCHAEOLOGY TECHNICAL ABSTRACTS:
CLASSIFICATION SCHEME.





A. Methods of examination and documentation.
1. Microscopy.
2. Photography, radiography, and other imaging techniques.
3. Dating.
4. Data and record handling.
5. Analysis.

B. Conservation practice.
1. Environmental control, exhibition, storage, transportation, and handling.
2. General treatment procedures, materials and equipment.
3. Health hazards.
4. Causes of deterioration.
5. History, ethics and policy.

C. Archaeological methods.

D. Architectural conservation, etc.

E. Conservation training.

F. History of technology.

G. Analysis and treatment of works of art:
1. Paper, books, and archives.
2. Photographs and audiovisual materials.
3. Paint and paintings.
4. Wood
5. Textiles, fibers and dyes.
6. Other natural organic materials.
7. Metals and metallurgical by-products.
8. Ceramics, glass and enamels.
9. Stone; related building materials and minerals.
10. Synthetic materials.


Page 6












ART & ARCHAEOLOGY TECHNICAL ABSTRACTS:
SUBJECT INDEX DESCRIPTORS FOR PRESERVATION.
(List of Basic Terms)


Absorption
Acetate
Acid
Adhesive
Ageing
Air
Albumen
Alkali
Alum
Ambrotype
Animal, Adhesive
Acqueous, Deacidification
Architecture, Environmental control
Archive
Art, Paper
Atmosphere, Humidity measurement
Audiovisual
Automation
Bactericide
Beetle, Death-watch
Bibliography
Bicarbonate, Calcium
Bicarbonate, Magnesium
Binder
Binding
Biodegradation
Biodeterioration
Bleach
Bleaching
Blend, Fibre
Board
Bonding
Book
Book binding
Box, Book
Bromide, Methyl
Buffer, Alkali
Buffer, Humidity
Building, Climat control
Calcium Bicarbonate
Calotype
Celluloid
Cellulose
Cellulose Nitrate


Chemistry
Chloride
Chlorine
Chromatography
Cleaning
Climate
Climatology
Cloth, Book binding
Coating
Codex
Colour
Computer, Analysis
Computer, Documentation
Computer, Information retrieval
Conditioning, Air
Consolidation
Cotton
Cross-linking
Daguerreotype
Database, Conservation treatment
Deacidification
Death-watch, Beetle
Decay
Density
Dessicant
Disaster
Disinfection
Dispersion
Document
Documentation
Dressing, Leather
Drying
Duplication, Photography
Durability
Dye
Dyeing
Education, Paper manufacture
Electron, Analysis
Emission, Ultra-violet
Emulsion
Encapsulation
Engraving
Environment
Ester


Page 7













Ethics, Book conservation
Ethyl, Alcohol
Ethylene
Ethylene Oxide
Examination
Exhibition
Exposure
Fading
Fastness
Felting
Fibre
Filler
Film
Filter
Filtration
Fire
Flax
Flood
Fluorescence
Fluorescent, ILLumination, Lamp
Formaldehyde
Foxing
Freeze
Fumigation
Fungicide
Fungus
Gelatine
Gilding
Glair
Glossary
Glue
Glycerol
Goat, Skin
Handling
Hazard
Health
Heat
Hemp
Hot-melt, Adhesive
Humidity
Hydrolysis
Hygrometry
Identification
Illumination
Image
Information
Ink
Iron gall
Inpainting
Insect


Insecticide
Intensity, Lamp
Ion
Ionization
Iron, Paper -- Contamination
Isotope
Kozo
Kraft, Paper
Laboratory, Conservation
Lacunae
Lamination
Lamp
Leather
Legislation, Conservation
Lens, Photographic Equipment
Library
Light
Lighting
Lignin
Lining, Paper
Lithography
Magnesium Bicarbonate
Manuscript
Map
Marbling
Methyl
Methyl Bromide
Methyl Cellulose
Micro climate control
Microfilm
Microscopy
Microwave, Book drying
Mildew, Paper
Moisture
Monitoring, Environment
Monomer
Mould
Mounting
Mulberry
Museum
Naphthalene
Natural, Paper
Negative
Newspaper
Nitrate
Nitro Cellulose
Optical, Analysis
Optics
Organic, Material
Oxidation


Page 8












Oxide, Ethylene
Oxygen, Paper bleaching
Ozone
Packing
Paint
Paper
Papyrus
Parchment
Parylene
Paste
Permanence
Peroxide
Pesticide
pH
Phenol
Phenyl
Phototography
Pigment
Plastic
Plasticizer
Policy
Pollution
Polypropylene
Poly-vinyl acetate
Polymer
Polymerization
Press
Print
Pulp
Radiation
Radiography
Re-binding
Recording
Relative humidity
Relaxation
Reproduction
Research
Resin
Restoration
Retrieval, Computer information
Reversibility
Seal
Security
Sewing, Book binding
Silica, Gel
Skin
Solubility
Solvent
Spectroscopy
Stability, Photography


Starch, Adhesive
Statistics
Storage
Strain, Paper
Sulfite
Sulphate
Sulphur
Sulphur Dioxide
Survey, Conservation
Synthetic, Fibre
Tanning
Tape
Tape, Magnetic
Technology
Technology, Leatherworking
Technology, Paper
Terminology
Textile
Thermoplastic
Thymol
Tintype
Toxicity
Training
Tropics
Tropics, CeLLulose film storage
Ultra-violet, Radiation
Vacuum, Book Drying
Vacuum, Paper Drying
Vacuum, Table
Ventilation
Washing
Water
Waterlogged
Watermark
Wax
Wood
Workshop


Page 9












ART INDEX:
SUBJECT DESCRIPTORS FOR PRESERVATION.
(Short List)




Adhesives
Air conditioning
Air pollution
Architecture -- Heating, ventilation, and
air conditioning
Art
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Exhibition
-- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
Artists' books
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Exhibition
Audiovisual equipment
Bibliography
Book covers
Bookbinding
-- Exhibition
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Technique
Bookcases
Bookplates
Books
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Exhibition
Cameras
Color motion pictures
-- Conservation and restoration
Color photography
-- Films
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Conservaiton of antiquities and works of
art
-- Study and teaching
Copy art (Xerography)
Copying processes
Daguerreotype
Disaster relief
Disasters
Drawings
-- Cleaning
-- Conservation and restoration
Dyes and dyeing
-- Analysis
Electric lamps and fixtures
Exhibitions
-- Installation methods


Fibers
Fire prevention
Fireproofing
Heating
Insects
Insurance
Laboratories
Lamps
Lithography
Leather
-- Conservation and restoration
Lenses, Photographic
Library architecture
Libraries
Lighting
Manuscripts
-- Conservation and restoration
Microphotography
Microscope and microscopy
Mills [i.e., Paper mills]
Motion picture photography
Motion pictures
-- Conservation and restoration
Museum architecture
Museum exhibits and specimens
Museum techniques
Museums and art galleries
-- Heating, ventilation, and air
conditioning
-- Lighting
Paint
-- Analysis
Painting
-- Conservation and restoration
Paper
-- Conservation and restoration
Paper industry and trade
Pesticides
Photograpic industry
Photographs
-- Conservation and restoration
Photography
-- Developing and developers
-- Exposure
-- Films
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.


Page 10




















Photography
-- Printing papers
-- Printing processes
-- Technique
Photomechanical processes
Photomicrography
Pictures -- Display
Plastics
Pollution
Prints
-- Conservation and restoration
Professional ethics
Radiography
Reconstruction of works of art
Slides
Textile fibers
Textile fibers, Synthetic
Textiles
-- Conservation and restoration
Transparencies
Video tapes
-- Conservation and restoration
Watermarks
Xerography


Page 11














ERIC SUBJECT HEADINGS:
PRESERVATION DESCRIPTORS.


Descriptors are listed below. Search strategies, using descriptors, can not be specified and will
have to be devised to suit particular needs. Searching of the ERIC database must be done on an as
needed basis.

Database searches should generally be unrestricted by publication/document type, with concentration
on books (code 010), information analyses (070), journal articles (080), reference materials
(130-134), and conference papers (150).


Academic Libraries
Adhesives
Archives
Audiodisc Recordings
Audiotape Cassettes
Audiotape Recordings
Books
Chemical Analysis
Climate Control
College Libraries
Film Libraries
Films
Filmstrips
Fire Protection
Governmental Libraries
Handwriting Materials
Humidity
Insecticides
Leather
Libraries
Library Materials
Light
Lighting
Luminescence
Magnetic Tape Cassettes
Magnetic Tapes
Maps
Microfiche
Microfilm
Microforms
Microreproduction
Museums


Nonprint Media
Optics
Painting (Visual Arts
Pamphlets
Paper (Materials)
Paperback Books
Photography
Preservation
Public Libraries
Realia
Records (Forms)
Repair
Reprography
Research Libraries
Slides
Special Libraries
Spectroscopy
State Libraries
Talking Books
Tape Recordings
Thermal Environment
Transparencies
Videodisc Recordings
Videotape Cassettes
Videotape Recordings


Page 12













LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE ABSTRACTS:
SUBJECT DESCRIPTORS FOR PRESERVATION.



Conservation
Preservation
-- Archives (Fringe subjects)
-- Library materials
-- Oral traditions
-- Paper
-- Relationship with analytical knowledge
-- Scholarly publications









LIBRARY LITERATURE:
SUBJECT DESCRIPTORS FOR PRESERVATION.



Archives -- Care and restoration
Audiovisual material -- Care and restoration
Book binding and mending
-- Care and restoration
Care and restoration of books, periodicals, etc.
-- Aims and objectives
-- Bibliography
-- Equipment and supplies
-- Finance
-- Manuals
-- Policy statements
-- Surveys
-- Teaching
-- Technical aspects
-- Terminology
Films -- Care and restoration
Government publications -- Care and restoration
Local history and records -- Care and restoration
Manuscripts -- Care and restoration
Maps and globes -- Care and restoration
Microfilms -- Care and restoration
Pamphlets -- Care and restoration
Paper -- Care and restoration
Photographs -- Care and restoration
Rare Books -- Care and restoration
Research materials -- Care and restoration
Special collections -- Care and restoration


Page 13













LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE ABSTRACTS:
SUBJECT DESCRIPTORS FOR PRESERVATION.



Conservation
Preservation
-- Archives (Fringe subjects)
-- Library materials
-- Oral traditions
-- Paper
-- Relationship with analytical knowledge
-- Scholarly publications









LIBRARY LITERATURE:
SUBJECT DESCRIPTORS FOR PRESERVATION.



Archives -- Care and restoration
Audiovisual material -- Care and restoration
Book binding and mending
-- Care and restoration
Care and restoration of books, periodicals, etc.
-- Aims and objectives
-- Bibliography
-- Equipment and supplies
-- Finance
-- Manuals
-- Policy statements
-- Surveys
-- Teaching
-- Technical aspects
-- Terminology
Films -- Care and restoration
Government publications -- Care and restoration
Local history and records -- Care and restoration
Manuscripts -- Care and restoration
Maps and globes -- Care and restoration
Microfilms -- Care and restoration
Pamphlets -- Care and restoration
Paper -- Care and restoration
Photographs -- Care and restoration
Rare Books -- Care and restoration
Research materials -- Care and restoration
Special collections -- Care and restoration


Page 13













LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS:
PRESERVATION DESCRIPTORS,
"FREE-FLOATING" SUBDIVISIONS.


The following is a list of subdivisions
commonly used with Library of Congress Subject
Headings for preservation. Though often used
with subject headings, they do not appear in
every instance where they might be used in the
list of preservation descriptors.




Archive applications
"Archive applications" is used as a sub-
division under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Photostat -- Archive applications".

Bibliography
"Bibliography" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Bookbinding --
Bibliography".

Catalogs
"Catalogs" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Artists' materials
-- Catalogs". The term is typically used
under types of library materials, microforms,
objects, products and publications.
[NOTE: "Microform catalogs" is used to
describe catalogs of micropublications except
when the name of a microform is part of the
subject heading; e.g., "Books on microform --
Catalogs".]

Conservation and restoration
"Conservation and restoration" is used as a
subdivision under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Books -- Conservation and restoration". This
term seems to be used under non-perishable
materials. The following is a partial List of
subject headings which were subdivided by this
term:
I I
Art
Books
Charters
Court records
Legal documents

[NOTE: The subdivisions "Preservation" and


"Preservation and storage" are used to express
similar concepts.]
[NOTE: Cataloging agencies do not always apply
these similar terms consistently. Often,
different agencies will have used different
subdivisions to describe the same subject.]

Dictionaries
"Dictionaries" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Bookbinding --
-- Dictionaries".
[NOTE: Dictionaries which are either
incomplete lists or comprehensive but not
alphabetically listed are subdivided using
"Terminology". Dictionaries which distinguish
names are subdivided using "Nomenclature".]

Handbooks, manuals, etc.
"Handbooks, manuals, etc." is used as a sub-
division under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Bookbinding -- Handbooks, manuals, etc."
The term typically describes operations,
actions and procedures. The following is a
list of subject headings which were subdivided
by this term:


Bookbinding
Bookbinding -- Repairing
Books -- Conservation and restoration
Color photography
Copying processes
Disinfection and disinfectants
Electrophotography
Ethylene oxide -- Safety measures
Fumigation
Hygrometry
Manuscripts -- Conservation and restoration
(continued)
(continued)


Page 14













LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS:
PRESERVATION DESCRIPTORS,
"FREE-FLOATING" SUBDIVISIONS.


The following is a list of subdivisions
commonly used with Library of Congress Subject
Headings for preservation. Though often used
with subject headings, they do not appear in
every instance where they might be used in the
list of preservation descriptors.




Archive applications
"Archive applications" is used as a sub-
division under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Photostat -- Archive applications".

Bibliography
"Bibliography" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Bookbinding --
Bibliography".

Catalogs
"Catalogs" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Artists' materials
-- Catalogs". The term is typically used
under types of library materials, microforms,
objects, products and publications.
[NOTE: "Microform catalogs" is used to
describe catalogs of micropublications except
when the name of a microform is part of the
subject heading; e.g., "Books on microform --
Catalogs".]

Conservation and restoration
"Conservation and restoration" is used as a
subdivision under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Books -- Conservation and restoration". This
term seems to be used under non-perishable
materials. The following is a partial List of
subject headings which were subdivided by this
term:
I I
Art
Books
Charters
Court records
Legal documents

[NOTE: The subdivisions "Preservation" and


"Preservation and storage" are used to express
similar concepts.]
[NOTE: Cataloging agencies do not always apply
these similar terms consistently. Often,
different agencies will have used different
subdivisions to describe the same subject.]

Dictionaries
"Dictionaries" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Bookbinding --
-- Dictionaries".
[NOTE: Dictionaries which are either
incomplete lists or comprehensive but not
alphabetically listed are subdivided using
"Terminology". Dictionaries which distinguish
names are subdivided using "Nomenclature".]

Handbooks, manuals, etc.
"Handbooks, manuals, etc." is used as a sub-
division under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Bookbinding -- Handbooks, manuals, etc."
The term typically describes operations,
actions and procedures. The following is a
list of subject headings which were subdivided
by this term:


Bookbinding
Bookbinding -- Repairing
Books -- Conservation and restoration
Color photography
Copying processes
Disinfection and disinfectants
Electrophotography
Ethylene oxide -- Safety measures
Fumigation
Hygrometry
Manuscripts -- Conservation and restoration
(continued)
(continued)


Page 14












Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Microphotography
Neutralization (Chemistry)
Pesticides
Photography
Polymers and polymerization
I

History
"History" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Papermaking --
History".

Library applications
"Library applications" is used as a sub-
division under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Photostat -- Library applications". The
following is a list of subject headings which
were subdivided by this term:
.


Computer output microfilm
Computer output microfilm devices
Electrophotography
Facsimile transmission
Insecticides
Magnetic disks
Magnetic tapes
Microfiches
Microfilms
Microforms
Micrographics
Microphotography
Optical disks
Optical storage devices
Pesticides
Photographs
Photostat
Video discs
Video tape recorders and recording
Video tapes


Microform catalogs
"Microform catalogs" is used as a subdivision
under specific subjects when the content of
the catalog is a microform or microforms;
e.g., "Newspapers -- Microform catalogs".
(Cf, "Catalogs".)

Nomenclature
"Nomenclature" is used as a subdivision under


specific subjects; e.g., "Insects --
Nomenclature". This term is considered a
special class of dictionaries in which names
are distinguished.

Periodicals
"Periodicals" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Books --
Conservation and restoration -- Periodicals".

Preservation
"Preservation" is used as a subdivision
under perishable products and antiquities;
e.g., "Cotton fabrics -- Preservation",
"Paper -- Preservation", or "Buddhism --
Sacred books -- Preservation".
[NOTE: The subdivisions "Conservation and
restoration" and "Preservation and storage"
are used to express similar concepts.]
[NOTE: Cataloging agencies do not always apply
these similar terms consistently. Often,
different agencies will have used different
subdivisions to describe the same subject.]

Preservation and storage
"Preservation and storage" is used as a sub-
division under specific subjects; e.g.,
"Magnetic tapes -- Preservation and storage".
This term seems to be used under perishable
materials which must be duplicated rather
than conserved to prevent loss. The following
is a partial list of subject headings which
were subdivided by this term:

Data tapes
Magnetic disks
Magnetic tapes

[NOTE: The subdivisions "Conservation and
restoration" and "Preservation" are used to
express similar concepts.]
[NOTE: Cataloging agencies do not always apply
these similar terms consistently. Often,
different agencies will have used different
subdivisions to describe the same subject.]

Research
"Research" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Adhesives --
Research". The following is a list of
subject headings which were subdivided by
this term:


Page 15













Research


Adhesives
Bactericides
Book design
Bookbinding
Books -- Conservation and restoration
Buffer solutions
Fumigants
Fumigation
Insecticides
Leather
Microphotography
Paper -- Preservation
Paper chemicals
Paper sizing
Pesticides
Photochemistry
Photographic chemicals
Photographic chemistry
Photographic emulsions
Photographic gelatin
Photographic optics
Photographic sensitometry
Polymers and polymerization


Specifications
"Specifications" is used as a subdivision
under specific subjects; e.g., "Microfilms --
Specifications". The following is a list of
subject headings which were subdivided by this
term:


Bactericides
Book boxes
Book covers
Book design
Book drops
Book ends
Book jackets
Book spines
Bookbinding
Bookbinding -- Paper bindings
Bookbinding -- Repairing
Books -- Conservation and restoration
Buffer solutions
Copying
Diazo microfilm
Diazotype


Electric lamps
Electric Lamps, Incandescent
Electric lighting
Endpapers
Fluorescent lamps
Fluorescent lighting
Fumigants
Fumigation
Glue
Insecticides
Lamps
Leather
Light filters
Manuscripts -- Reproduction
Marbling (Bookbinding)
Microfiches
Microfilms
Microforms
Microforms industry
Micrographics
Microphotography
Motion picture film
Paper
Paper -- Preservation
Paper, Plastic
Paper chemicals
Paper sizing
Paperboard
Paste
Pesticides
Photochemistry
Photocopying processes
Photographic chemicals
Photographic chemistry
Photographic emulsions
Photographic gelatin
Photographic optics
Photographic sensitometry
Photography
Photography -- Apparatus and supplies
Photography -- Films
Photography -- Negatives
Photography -- Plates
Photography -- Printing papers
Photography -- Printing processes
Photography -- Processing
Polymers and polymerization
Printing


(continued)


(continued)


Page 16


I


Specifications












Specifications


Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
Reproduction paper
Safety film
Slides (Photography)
Writing -- Materials and instruments
Xerography


Standards
"Standards" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Microfilms --
Standards". The following is a list of
subject headings which were subdivided by this
term:


Bactericides
Book boxes
Book covers
Book design
Book drops
Book ends
Book jackets
Book spines
Bookbinding
Bookbinding -- Paper bindings
Bookbinding -- Repairing
Books -- Conservation and restoration
Copying
Diazo microfilm
Electric lighting
Endpapers
Fumigation
Insecticides
Manuscripts -- Reproduction
Microfiches
Microfilms
Microforms
Microforms industry
Micrographics
Microphotography
Paper
Paper -- Preservation
Paper, Plastic
Paper chemicals
Paper sizing
Paste
Pesticides
Photochemistry


Photocopying processes
Photographic chemicals
Photographic chemistry
Photographic emulsions
Photographic gelatin
Photographic optics
Photographic sensitometry
Photography
Photography -- Films
Photography -- Negatives
Photography -- Plates
Photography -- Printing papers
Photography -- Printing processes
Photography -- Processing
Safety film


Testing
"Testing" is used as a subdivision under
specific subjects; e.g., "Adhesives --
Testing". The following is a list of subject
headings which were subdivided by this term:


Adhesives
Adhesives, Hot melt
Bactericides
Book design
Book drops
Book ends
Bookbinding
Buffer solutions
Electric lamps
Fluorescent lamps
Fumigants
Glue
Insecticides
Lamps
Leather
Light filters
Microfiches
Microfilms
Microforms
Motion picture film
Paper
Paper, Plastic
Paper chemicals
Paste
Pesticides


(continued)


(continued)


Page 17


Standards


1


I













Testing


Photographic chemicals
Photographic emulsions
Photographic gelatin
Photographic optics
Photography
Photography -- Films
Photography -- Negatives
Photography -- Plates
Photography -- Printing papers
Polymers and polymerization
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
Safety film
Writing -- Materials and instruments


SUBDIVISIONS COMMONLY ADDED TO SUBJECT HEADINGS
FOR MATERIALS USED IN PRESERVATION
(i.e., adhesives, paper, pesticides, etc.).


Page 18


Additives
Analysis
Brittleness
Coloring
Deterioration
Drying
Effect of radiation on
Embrittlement
Finishing
Law and legislation
Microbiology
Microscopy
Optical properties
Patents
Penetration resistance
Permeability
Quality control
Research
Solubility
Specifications
Standards
Terminology
Testing
Testing -- Statistical methods
Thermal properties
Toxicology













LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS:
PRESERVATION DESCRIPTORS.




Absorbent paper


BT Paper
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Paper".



Acetal resins

BT Gums and resins, Synthetic
Polymers and polymerization
RT Plastics
l___


Acetate film USE Safety film

Acetates

Acids


SNT Neutralization (Chemistry)
I

Acrylic resins
I I
BT Artists' materials
Gums and resins, Synthetic


Adhesives

NT Adhesives, Hot melt
Glue
Paste

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility


Adhesives, Hot melt


BT Adhesives
S Thermoplastics


-- Deterioration
-- Solubility


Page 19













Air
-- Pollution
-- Measurement
-- Pollution, Indoor USE Indoor air pollution
-- Purification

RT Air conditioning
Air filters
S Disinfection and disinfectants
I I
-- Equipment and supplies

Air conditioning
I I
NT Archives -- Air conditioning
Humidity -- Control
Libraries -- Air conditioning
RT Air -- Purification
Dampness in buildings
I, I


Air pollution control industry


I I
NOTE: This term is usually used to express the control of outside air. "Indoor air pollution"I
is more specific to preservation of archival and Library materials.
t I


Air filters
I I
| BT Dust -- Prevention
I Filters and filtration
I RT Air -- Purification


Air, Moisture of USE Humidity

Air quality management

NOTE: This term is usually used to express the quality and control of outside air. "Indoor
air pollution" is more specific to preservation of archival and library materials.


Albumen paper -- Conservation and restoration

SBT Photography -- Printing papers -- Conservation and restoration


Aluminum phosphide

SBT Pesticides
I t


Page 20












Ambrotype -- Conservation and restoration

RT Photographs -- Conservation and restoration
| RT Photographs -- Conservation and restoration
I I


Aniline printing USE Flexography


Anobiidae

BT Beetles
Insect pests
NT Anobium
Lasioderma
Xestobium
I I
-- Control

Anobium

SBT Anobiidae
S Insect pests
I
-- Control

Anobium tessellatum USE Xestobium rufovillosum

Antibacterial agents

NT Bactericides
NT Bactericides


Application of pesticides USE Pesticides -- Application

Architecture
-- Design and plans -- Conservation and restoration
-- Presentation drawings -- Conservation and restoration
-- Working drawings -- Conservation and restoration
-- Sketch-books -- Conservation and restoration

Archival material in machine-readable form USE Documents in machine-readable form

Archival materials


BT Archives
RT Manuscripts
NOTE: Individual types of archival materials may be described separately, e.g.,
Cartularies, Charters, Public records, etc., and may be qualified by the subdivision
"Conservation and restoration".


-- Conservation and restoration
-- Audio-visual aids


Page 21














Archives
I I
SNT Archival materials
SNOTE: This term is generally used to refer to buildings in which archival materials are
Housed.


-- Air conditioning
I I
BT Air conditioning
Dampness in buildings

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Fires and fire prevention

SBT Fire prevention

-- Flood damage
I I
SBT Flood damage

-- Pest control

RT Household pests -- Control
I

-- Security measures

SRT Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
I I


Archives, Motion picture

SRT Motion picture film collections
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Archives".



Armorial bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Armorial bindings

Art
-- Conservation and restoration
I
NT Art restorers

-- Data processing
-- Hinging
-- Matting
-- Radiography
-- Reproduction

Art museums
-- Lighting

Art objects -- Conservation and restoration


Page 22


I


I













Art restorers
I I
BT Art -- Conservation and restoration
I '

Art treasures in war
I I
BT Cultural property, Protection of
Cultural property, Protection of (International law)
I '


Artificial fibers USE Textile fibers, Synthetic

Artificial leather USE Leather, Artificial

Artists' materials
I l
NT Acrylic resins
Artists' tools
RT Bookbinding -- Materials

-- Effect of light on
-- Formulae
-- Tables

Artists' tools
I I
SBT Artists' materials
I I


Arts and crafts movement

SNT Bookbinding
S Leather work
I J

Atmospheric humidity USE Humidity

Atmospheric water vapor USE Water vapor, Atmospheric

Attagenus
I
BT Insect pests
NT Black carpet beetle
Carpet beetles
I
-- Control

Attagenus megatoma USE Black carpet beetle

Audio tapes USE Phonotapes


Page 23













Audio-visual materials

BT Library materials
NT Motion pictures
Slides (Photography)
Sound recordings
Transparencies
Preservation and storage

Audiocassettes -- Preservation and storage
Audiocassettes -- Preservation and storage
I I
| BT Phonotapes -- Preservation and storage


Audiotapes USE Phonotapes

Automatic sprinklers USE Fire sprinklers

Autotype process printing
I
SBT Intaglio printing
Printing, Practical


AV materials USE Audio-visual materials

Bacteriacides USE Bactericides

Bactericides
I I
I BT Disinfection and disinfectants
Pesticides
SRT Antibacterial agents
S Insecticides

-- Environmental aspects
-- Law and legislation
-- Solubility.

Baroque bookbinding USE Bookbinding, Baroque

Bases (Chemistry)
I I
RT Neutralization (Chemistry)


Beating (Wood-pulp) USE Wood-pulp -- Refining


Page 24












Beetles

BT Insect pests
NT Anobiidae
S Carpet beetles
Lyctidae

-- Control


Bibliographic information, Exchange of USE Exchange of bibliographic information


Bibliographical exhibitions

RT Book industries and trade -- Exhibitions
Bookbinding -- Exhibitions
Illumination of books and manuscripts -- Exhibitions
Illustration of books -- Exhibitions
Library exhibits
Manuscripts -- Exhibitions
Printing -- Exhibitions


Bibliography
I
| NOTE: This subject heading includes works on description of books, particularly rare books,
I rather than lists of books and titles.


Biological polymers USE Biopolymers

Biopolymers


SBT Polymers and polymerization
SRT Polysaccharides
I


Black carpet beetle

BT Attagenus
S Carpet beetles
Insect pests
I I
-- Control

Black liquor USE Sulphate waste liquor

Blattellidae
I I
BT Cockroaches
Insect pests

-- Control

Blattaoidea USE Cockroaches
Page 25














Blattaria USE Cockroaches


Bleaching
I I
| NT Wood-pulp -- BLeaching
| RT Dyes and dyeing


Bleaching materials
I I
N T Optical brighteners


Book boxes

SBT Books -- Conservation and restoration
S Box making

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Book chutes USE Book drops

Book covers

SNT Book jackets

-- Conservation and restoration

Book design

BT Book industries and trade
Books -- Format
SRT Printing, Practical -- Layout


Book drops

Book ends

Book industries and trade

SNT Book design
Bookbinding
Bookbinding industry

-- Equipment and supplies
-- Exhibitions
I I
| RT Bibliographical exhibitions
| --I


Page 26














Book jackets
I
BT Book covers



Book margins USE Margins in books


Book ornamentation
I
NT Bookbinding -- Ornamental bindings
Fore-edge painting
I


Book-plates


Book-plates, Library

Book repairing USE Books -- Conservation and restoration


Book return depositories USE Book drops

Book selection


SBT Collection development (Libraries)
SRT Discarding of books, periodicals, etc.
S Periodical selection



Book spines
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Format

Book-sewing machines


BT Bookbinding machinery



Book thefts
I
RT Libraries -- Security measures



Book-worms
I
BT Insect pests
RT Books -- Conservation and restoration

-- Control

Bookbinders


I
SNT Women bookbinders


Page 27


J


I


t


I

I



I

I



I


I













Bookbinding


vv


I I
I RT Artists' materials
I I
-- Mosaic bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Ornamental bindings


I I
SBT Book ornamentation
S Conservation and restoration
-- Conservation and restoration


Page 28


BT Arts and crafts movement
Book industries and trade
Leather industry and trade
Print finishing process
NT Endpapers
Headbands (Bookbinding)
Marbling (Bookbinding)
Pastedowns

-- Armorial bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Cloth bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Conservation and restoration USE Bookbinding -- Repairing
-- Embossed bindings

| RT Bookbinding -- Stamped bindings
I I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Embroidered bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Exhibitions
I I
I RT Bibliographical exhibitions
I I
-- Forgeries
-- Gilding
I I
| BT Gilding
I I
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Illustrated bindings USE Bookbinding -- Pictorial bindings
-- Ivory bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Jeweled bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Leather bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Machinery USE Bookbinding machinery
-- Marbling USE Marbling (Bookbinding)
-- Materials













Bookbinding


-- Painted bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Paper bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
I
SRT Paperbacks -- Conservation and restoration

-- Pictorial bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Publishers' bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Repairing
I
SBT Books -- Conservation and restoration

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Silver bindings
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Specimens
I
SNT Portas

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Stamped bindings

RT Bookbinding -- Embossed bindings

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Standards
-- Vocational guidance

Bookbinding, Baroque
-- Conservation and restoration

Bookbinding, Islamic
-- Conservation and restoration

Bookbinding, Medieval
-- Conservation and restoration

Bookbinding, Muslim USE Bookbinding, Islamic

Bookbinding, Renaissance
-- Conservation and restoration

Bookbinding, Victorian
-- Conservation and restoration

Bookbinding industry
I
SBT Book industries and trade
t


Page 29


I


e I













Bookbinding machinery

NT Book-sewing machines
j NT Book-sewing machines


Bookbinding machinery industry

Bookcases
I 1
SBT Shelving for books


Books

NT Brittle books
Chap-books
Comic books, strips, etc.
Drawing books
Hand-printed books
Illustrated books
Pamphlets

-- Care USE Books -- Conservation and restoration
-- Conservation and restoration

BT Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
NT Book boxes
Bookbinding -- Repairing
Books -- Disinfection
RT Book-worms
Books -- Deacidification
S Paper -- Preservation
Preservation of materials

-- Defacement USE Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
-- Dictionaries
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Standards
-- Tropical conditions
-- Deacidification

RT Books -- Conservation and restoration
S Neutralization (Chemistry)
S Paper -- Preservation

-- Defacement USE Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
-- Disinfection

BT Books -- Conservation and restoration
S Disinfection and disinfectants
NT Paper -- Disinfection

-- Exhibitions USE Bibliographical exhibitions


Page 30












Books


-- Format
I I
| NT Book design
S Books -- Sizes

-- Margins USE Margins in books
-- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
I I
SRT Archives -- Security measures
Books -- Conservation and restoration
Libraries -- Security measures
S Manuscripts -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
IPreservation USE Books Conservation and restoration
-- Preservation USE Books -- Conservation and restoration
-- Restorpairing USE Books -- Conservation and restoration
-- Restoration USE Books -- Conservation and restoration
-- Storage
-- Sizes

BT Books -- Format
SRT Miniature books


Books, Brittle USE Brittle books

Books, Hand-printed USE Hand-printed books

Books, Illustrated USE Illustrated books

Books, Talking USE Talking books

Books, Vellum printed USE Vellum printed books

Books on-microfilm

SBT Microfilms
I
-- Catalogs

Books on phonorecords USE Talking books

Books on phonotapes USE Talking books

Bookworms USE Book-worms

Box making
I I
SNT Book boxes
SNOTE: This term includes general works. The term "Book boxes" is specific to books.
I I


Brighteners, Optical USE Optical brighteners


Page 31













Brittle books
I I
BT Books



Bromotrifluoromethane
I I
BT Fire extinguishing agents



Buffalo bugs USE Carpet beetles

Buffer solutions
I I
SBT Hydrogen-ion concentration -
Ionic solutions .
RT Neutralization (Chemistry)

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility

Building, Fireproof
I I
BT Fire prevention
RT Insurance engineering



Buildings

NT Library buildings
Musuem buildings

-- Fires and fire prevention USE Fire prevention .
-- Natural disaster effects

SBT Natural disasters



Buildings, Library USE Library buildings

Business records -- Conservation and restoration

Carbon paper
i I
BT Paper



Cardboard USE Paperboard.


Page 32













Carpet beetles

BT Attagenus
Beetles
Insect pests
NT Black carpet beetle
I
-- Control

Cartularies -- Conservation and restoration

Cassette books USE Talking books

Cassette newspapers USE Talking newspapers

Cassettes, Audio USE Audiocassettes

CD-I technology
I
BT Compact discs
S Optical storage devices


CD-ROM

BT Compact discs
S Optical storage devices
I


Cellulose

NT Cellulose fibers
Cellulose industry
Hemicellulose
Lignocellulose
Nitrocellulose
Pyroxylin
RT Dyes and dying -- Cellulose
Wood -- Chemistry

-- Biodegradation
-- Chemistry
-- Dyeing USE Dyes and dyeing -- Cellulose
-- Microbiology
-- Spectra
-- Synthesis

Cellulose fibers

SBT Cellulose
S Fibers
S Plant fibers


Page 33


I


I


I












Cellulose industry

| BT Cellulose


Cellulose nitrates USE Nitrocellulose

Chap-books

SBT Books
Pamphlets
RT Comic books, strips, etc.
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books".
I

Charters -- Conservation and restoration

Chemical control of pests USE Pests -- Control

Chemicals, Photographic USE Photographic chemicals

Chemigraph

SBT Photomechanical processes

-- Conservation and restoration

Chemistry, Photographic USE Photographic chemistry

Chromatographic analysis

NT Paper chromatography
S Radiochromatography

-- Equipment and supplies

Chromolithography

BT Engraving
RT Color-printing
Color prints
S Lithography


Church records and registers

SNOTE: Subdivided as the term "Archives"
I


Page 34


I


I
I













Church records on microfilm
I
BT Microfilms
RT Microfiches
Microforms



Cinematographic film USE Motion picture film

Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)

RT Library materials
Newspapers

-- Conservation and restoration

Cloth USE Textile fabrics

Cloth bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Cloth bindings

Coated paper USE Paper coatings

Cockroaches
I
BT Insect pests
NT Blattelidae

-- Control

Cold storage
I
RT Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
NOTE: This term is usually used in relation to food or produce.



Cold storage lockers

BT Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
S Refrigerators
NOTE: This term is usually used in relation to food or produce.



Collection development (Libraries)

NT Book selection
Discarding of books, periodicals, etc.
Periodical selection
i


Page 35


I


I


I













Col otype

SBT Photomechanical processes

I -Conservation and restoration

RT Photographs -- Conservation and restoration
SRT Photographs -- Conservation and restoration I
I, I


Color motion pictures -- Preservation and storage

Color photographic papers USE Color photography -- Printing papers

Color photography
I
BT Photography

-- Autochrome process
-- Developing and developers

SBT Photographic chemicals

-- Films
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Lippmann process
-- Printing papers
I
BT Photography -- Printing papers
I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Printing processes

BT Photography -- Printing processes

-- Dye transfer process
-- Pigment
-- Processing

SBT Photography -- Processing

-- Three-color process

BT Color-printing
S Photoengraving
I


Color-printing

BT Printing, Practical
NT Color photography -- Three-color process
RT Chromolithography
Color photography -- Three-color process
Kwik Print process
I -


Page 36


I





I

r





I

I


I


I














Color prints

BT Prints
RT Chromolithography
Engraving
NOTE: Works dealing with color work in practical printing are entered under the heading,
Color-printing.
I I
-- Conservation and restoration

Color prints (Photography) USE Color photography -- Printing processes

Color sensitometry (Photography)
I I
SBT Photographic sensitometry
I I


Coloring matter
I I
SNT Dyes and dyeing
S Pigments
I I

Coloring of photographs USE Photographs -- Coloring

Colors

COM USE Computer output microfilm

Comic books, strips, etc.

BT Books
RT Chap-books
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books"


Compact disc interactive technology USE CD-I technology

Compact disc read-only memory USE CD-ROM

Compact discs
I I
NT CD-I Technology
CD-ROM
I I

Compact disk interactive technology USE CD-I technology

Compact disk read-only memory USE CD-ROM


Page 37














Computer output microfilm

BT Microfilms
S Micrographics


Computer output microfilm devices

Computer storage devices

NT Optical storage devices


Computers
-- Optical equipment

SNT Optical storage devices
I I

Conservation methods, Museum USE Museum conservation methods

Conservation of art objects USE Art objects -- Conservation and restoration

Conservation of books USE Books -- Conservation and restoration

Conservation of leather work USE Leather work -- Conservation and restoration

Conservation of manuscripts USE Manuscripts -- Conservation and restoration

Conservation of photographs USE Photographs -- Conservation and restoration

Conservation of prints USE Prints -- Conservation and restoration

Continuous motion pictures USE Loop films

Control of pests USE Pests -- Control

Copiers USE Copying machines

Copper engraving USE Engraving

Copy art -- Conservation and restoration

Copying
I I
NT Library materials -- Reproduction
Manuscripts -- Reproduction
Maps -- Reproduction
RT Copying processes
Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.


Page 38














Copying machine equipment industry

SNT Toners (Xerography) industry


Copying machine industry

Copying machines
-- Equipment and supplies

Copying processes

NT Photocopying processes
Reproduction paper
Thermography (Copying process)
Xerography
RT Copying
Photocopying services in Libraries

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Copying services

Copyright

NT Copyright, International
Public domain (Copyright law)

-- Assignment USE Copyright -- Transfer
-- Criminal provisions USE Copyright infringement
-- Duration
-- Fair use USE Fair use (Copyright)
-- Information storage and retrieval systems
-- Machine-readable bibliographic data
-- Manuscripts
-- Motion picture music
-- Motion pictures
-- Moving-pictures USE Copyright -- Motion pictures
-- Music
-- Newspaper articles
I I
RT Newspapers
I I
-- Phonotapes
-- Photographs
-- Public domain USE Public domain (Copyright Law)
-- Renewal USE Copyright -- Duration
-- Sound motion pictures
-- Sound recordings

RT Magnetic recorders and recording -- Fair use (Copyright)

-- Transfer
Page 39














Copyright


Unauthorized reprints

BT Copyright infringement

Unauthorized reproductions of sound recordings
I i
SBT Copyright infringement

Unauthorized reproductions of video recordings

SBT Copyright infringement
I I


Copyright, International
I
BT Copyright
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Copyright".



Copyright infringement

SNT Copyright -- Unauthorized reprints
S Copyright -- Unauthorized reproduction of sound recordings
S Copyright -- Unauthorized reproduction of video recordings
Fair use (Copyright)
I


Cotton

NT Cotton fabrics
RT Textile fibers

-- Dyeing USE Dyes and dyeing -- Cotton

Cotton fabrics

BT Cotton
Cotton textiles
Textile fabrics
II
-- Preservation

Cottoh fabrics, Effect of light on

Cotton textiles

NT Cotton fabrics
1 I


Court records -- Conservation and restoration


Page 40














Court records on microfilm

BT Microfilms



Cryobiology
I
SNT Freeze-drying


Cultural property, Protection of

NT Art treasures in war
I I
-- Law and legislation
I I
NT Cultural property, Protection of (International law)

-- Criminal provisions

Cultural property, Protection of (International law)
I -I
BT Cultural property, Protection of -- Law and Legislation
NT Art treasures in war
I I


Cylinder recordings USE Phonocylinders

Daguerreotype -- Conservation and restoration

Dampness in buildings

NT Archives -- Air conditioning
Humidity -- Control
Libraries -- Air conditioning
RT Air conditioning
Libraries -- Heating and ventilation
I I


Dampwood termites USE Hodotermitidae

Data storage and retrieval systems USE Information storage and retrieval systems

Data tapes -- Preservation and storage

NT Magnetic tapes -- Preservation and storage



Dating of manuscripts USE Manuscript dating

Deacidification of books USE Books -- Deacidification

Death watch beetle USE Xestobium rufovillosum
Page 41


I

I



I

I














Decorative paper
I I
SBT Paper
SNT Marbled papers
S Paste papers


Defacement of books USE Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

Defacement of manuscripts USE Manuscripts -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

Defibrators

SBT Wood-pulp industry -- Equipment and supplies


Dehumidification USE Humidity -- Control

Design, Book USE Book design

Destructive insects USE Insect pests

Deterioration of microfilms USE Microfilms -- Deterioration

Deterioration of paper USE Paper -- Deterioration

Deterioration of plastics USE Plastics -- Deterioration

Deterioration of polymeric materials USE Polymers and polymerization -- Deterioration

Diazo microfilm
I I
SBT Microfilms

-- Effects of light on

BT Photochemistry

-- Preservation and storage

Diazo print USE Diazotype

Diazotype

BT Photocopying processes

-- Conservation and restoration

Disaster insurance USE Insurance, Disaster


Page 42














Disaster relief
I I
SNT Insurance, Disaster
SNOTE: This heading is most often used with regard to disasters involving people.
I I
-- Planning

Disasters

Discarding of books, periodicals, etc.

BT Collection development (Libraries)
RT Book selection
Discarding of manuscripts, etc.
Periodical selection
I I

Discarding of manuscripts, etc.

RT Discarding of books, periodicals, etc.



Discs, Video USE Video discs

Disinfectants USE Disinfection and disinfectants

Disinfection and disinfectants

NT Air -- Purification
Bactericides
Books -- Disinfection
Ethylene oxide
Formaldehyde
Fumigants
Refrigeration as a disinfectant
RT Fumigation

-- Environmental aspects
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Disks, Magnetic USE Magnetic disks

Disks, Optical USE Optical disks

Documents -- Conservation and restoration USE Manuscripts -- Conservation and restoration

Documents in machine-readable form

Documents in microform

BT Microforms
I I


Page 43













Documents in optical storage

Documents on microfiche

BT Microfiches
I I

Documents on microfilm
I I
SBT Microfilms


Dorcatomidae USE Anobiidae

Drawing -- Conservation and restoration

Drawing books
I i
BT Books
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books".

-- Conservation and restoration

Drying apparatus

Duplicating machines USE Copying machines

Duplication paper USE Reproduction paper

Duplication processes USE Copying processes

Dust

SBT Particles
RT Indoor air pollution

-- Bacteriology USE Dust -- Microbiology
-- Microbiology
-- Prevention

SNT. Air filters
I I

Dust control USE Dust -- Prevention

Dust jackets USE Book jackets

Dye transfer process USE Color photography -- Printing processes -- Dye transfer process

Dyeing USE Dyes and dyeing

Dyeline USE Diazotype


Page 44














Dyes and
I
BT
NT
RT


dyeing

Pigments
Optical brighteners
Bleaching
Coloring matter

-- Cellulose


I I
BT Cellulose

Chemistry

NT Textile chemistry

Cotton
Equipment and supplies
Hides and skins USE Hides and skins -- Dressing and dyeing
Leather

BT Leather industry and trade

Paper
I I
BT Papermaking

Textile fibers

SBT Textile chemicals
I ____________________________I


Dyestuffs USE Dyes and dyeing -- Chemistry

Electric lamps

BT Lamps
Light sources-
RT Electric lighting



Electric lamps, Fluorescent USE Fluorescent lamps

Electric lamps, Incandescent

RT Electric Lighting, Incandescent



Electric light USE Electric lighting


Page 45














Electric

BT

NT


Lighting

Electric lamps
Lighting
Light sources


Electric lighting, Fluorescent USE Fluorescent Lighting

Electric Lighting, Incandescent USE Electric Lamps, Incandescent

Electrolysis of water USE Water -- Electrolysis

Electronic apparatus and appliances
-- Plastic embedment

SRT Plastics -- Welding


Electrophoresis
I I
NT Paper electrophoresis



Electrophotography
I
BT Photocopying processes
Photoelectronic devices
Photography
Photomechanical processes
NT Electrostatic printing
Ferromagnetography

-- Copying
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Library applications

RT Photocopying services in Libraries
I I


Electrostatic printing
I I
BT Electrophotography
Non impact printing
S Photocopying processes
NT Xerography
I I


Electrotyping

BT Printing, Practical
RT Stereotyping
i


Page 46


I














Embossed bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Embossed bindings

Embroidered bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Embroidered bindings

Emergency preparedness USE Disaster relief

Emergency relief USE Disaster relief

Emulsion polymerization

BT Polymers and polymerization



Emulsions

NT Photographic emulsions
I I


Encapsulation (Electronics) USE Electronic apparatus and appliances -- Plastic embedment

Endpapers
I !
BT Bookbinding
NT Marbling (Bookbinding)
Pastedowns

-- Conservation and restoration

Engraving
I I
NT Chromolithography
Color prints
Mezzotint engraving
Photoengraving
Photogravure

-- Conservation and restoration

Environmental monitoring

Epoxyethane USE Ethylene oxide

Esters
I I
NT Polyesters
I "___ I


Etching

Ethenyloxyethane USE Vinyl ethers


Page 47














Ethers
I
NT Vinyl ethers


Ethylene oxide

SBT Disinfection and disinfectants
S Insecticides

-- Safety measures
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Toxicology

ETO USE Etylene oxide

Exchange of bibliographic information

Extermination USE Pests -- Control

Extinction of fires USE Fire extinction

Extinguishers, Fire USE Fire extinguishers

Fabrics USE Textile fabrics

Facsimilie transmission -- Library applications

Facsimilies

Fair use (Copyright)

SBT Copyright infringement
SNT Magnetic recorders and recording -- Fair use (Copyright)
| Photocopying processes -- Fair use (Copyright)
S Video recordings -- Fair use (Copyright)
I

Family archives -- Conservation and restoration

Felts (Papermaking) USE Papermaking machinery felts

Ferrography (Photomechanical process) USE Ferromagnetography

Ferromagnetography
I
BT Photomechanical processes
RT Electrophotography


Ferrotype USE Tintype


Page 48














Fibers
I I
NT Cellulose fibers
Paper
Plant fibers
Textile fibers
Thread


Fibers, Polyester USE Polyester fibers

Filigrains USE Water-marks

Fillers (in paper, paint, etc.)
I
BT Paint
Paper -- Optical properties
Textile chemicals


Film, Cinematographic USE Motion picture film

Film, Motion picture USE Motion picture film

Film libraries USE Motion picture film collections

Film loops USE Loop films

Films USE Microfilms
USE Motion pictures

Films, Polyester USE Polyester films

Filmstrips -- Conservation and restoration

Filters and filtration

NT Air filters
RT Light filters


Fire-alarms

Fire detectors

Fire extinction

NT Fire sprinklers
RT Insurance engineering
I I
-- Chemical systems
-- Equipment and supplies
-- Water-supply
Page 49














Fire extinguishers

Fire extinguishing agents
I I
SNT Bromotrifluoromethane


Fire inspection USE Fire prevention -- Inspection

Fire Inspection Reporting System (Computer system) USE FIRS (Computer system)

Fire prevention

NT Archives -- Fires and fire prevention
Building, Fireproof
Libraries -- Fires and fire prevention
RT Insurance engineering
NOTE: The subheading "Fires and fire prevention" may be used under types of buildings and
institutions, e.g., "Libraries -- Fires and fire prevention".

-- Data processing
I I
| NT FIRS (Computer system)
t I
-- Equipment and supplies
-- Inspection

Fire safety USE Fire prevention

Fire sprinklers
I I
SBT Fire extinction
I I
-- Law and legislation

Fire warning systems USE Fire-alarms

Firebrat

SBT Insect pests
S Thermobia

-- Control

Firefighting USE Fire extinction

Fireproof building USE Building, Fireproof

FIRS (Computer system)

SBT Fire prevention -- Data processing
I I


Page 50














Flood damage
I
BT Floods
NT Archives -- Flood damage
Libraries -- Flood damage
RT Flood damage prevention



Flood damage prevention
I
BT Floods
RT Flood damage
I


Floods

BT Natural disasters
NT Flood damage
Flood damage prevention
I


Fluorescence

NT Optical brighteners



Fluorescent lamps

Fluorescent lighting

Fluorescent whitening agents USE Optical brighteners

Flyleaf USE Endpapers

Fore-edge painting
I
BT Book ornamentation

-- Conservation and restoration

Formaldehyde
I
SBT Disinfection and disinfectants
I
-- Toxicology

Formalin USE Formaldehyde

Format of books USE Books -- Format

Format of microfiches USE Microfiches -- Format

Format of periodicals USE Periodicals -- Format
Page 51


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I


I














Freeze-drying
I I
BT Cryobiology
Refrigeration and refrigerating machinery
RT Paper -- Drying
I I


Freezing USE Cryobiology

Fumigants

BT Disinfection and disinfectants
Pesticides
NOTE: Individual fumigants and groups of fumigants may be described separately, e.g.,
"Aluminum phosphide".

-- Deterioration
-- Environmental aspects
-- Solubility

Fumigation
I I
| RT Disinfection and disinfectants

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Environmental aspects

Fungi


I I
SNT Mildew
S Molds (Botany)
SRT Mycology

-- Identification

Fungicides

BT Pesticides

-- Law and legislation

Galvanoplastic process USE Electrotyping

Gelatin
r I
SNT Photographic gelatin
I I

[Germicides]. NOTE: This term is not used as a Library of Congress subject heading; USE one of the
following terms: Bactericides; Disinfection and disinfectants; OR Fungicides.]


Page 52


I














Gilding
I |
NT Bookbinding -- Gilding
NOTE: This term is general in nature. The term "Bookbinding -- Gilding" is specific to book.



Gtucans
I I
RT Starch




I I
Glue

SRT Adhesives
S Paste

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility

Ground wood pulping process USE Mechanical pulping process

Gums and resins, Synthetic
I I
NT Acetal resins
Acrylic resins
S Polyesters
S Thermoplastics
I i


Guncotton
I I
RT Nitrocellulose
I I


Halon 1301 USE Bromotrifluoromethane

Hand-printed books
I I
SBT Books
SNOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books".



Handmade paper USE Paper, Handmade

Handpress
I
BT Printing, Practical



Headbands (Bookbinding)

BT Bookbinding

Page 53













-- Conservation and restoration

Heat sensitive copying processes USE Thermography (Copying process)

Heat transfer images USE Thermography (Copying process)

Heliogravure USE Photogravure

Heliotype

ST Photomechanical processes
Conservation and restoration

T Photographs -- Conservation and restoration





I
Hemicellulose

SRT Cellulose


Hides and skins

SRT Leather
Tanning


-- Defects
-- Disinfection
-- Dressing and dyeing

Hinging works of art USE Art -- Hinging

Historical record preservation USE Archives

Hodotermitidae
I I
BT Insect pests
Termites

-- Control

Hot melt adhesives USE Adhesives, Hot melt

Household pests

BT Pests
NOTE: Individual pests may be described separately, e.g., Cockroaches.

-- Control

RT Archives Pest control
Libraries -- Pest control

Page 54


I














Humidification USE Humidity -- Control

Humidity
I
RT Water vapor, Atmospheric
NT Hygrometry
Moisture
I
-- Control

BT Air conditioning
S Dampness in buildings

-- Measurement USE Hygrometry

Humidity meters USE Moisture meters

Hydrogen-ion concentration

NT Buffer solutions
Neutralization (Chemistry)
RT Ionic solutions
Ionization
Water -- Electrolysis

-- Measurement USE Hygrometry


Hydrolysis

Hygrometers


Hyg


I I
NT Wet-bulb thermometers
RT Moisture meters
I


rometry
IBT Humidity
SBT Humidity
I _'I


-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Tables, etc.

Illumination of books and manuscripts
-- Exhibitions

RT Bibliographical exhibitions


Illustrated bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Pictorial bindings


Page 55













Illustrated books
I !
BT: Books
SNOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books".

-- Conservation and restoration

Illustration of books
-- Exhibitions

I RT Bibliographical exhibitions


Image quality in imaging systems USE Imaging systems -- Image quality

Image quality of microfiches USE Microfiches -- Image quality

Image quality of microfilms USE Microfilms -- Image quality

Image quality of microforms USE Microforms -- Image quality

Images, Optical

| NT Photoferroelectric effect


Images, Photographic

Imaging systems

BT Optoelectronic devices
Photoelectronic devices
NT Laser recording
Photoferroelectric effect
SRT Scanning systems
I I
-- Image quality

Imposition (Typography) USE Printing, Practical -- Imposition, etc.

Incandescent electric Lighting USE Electric Lighting, Incandescent

Incandescent lamps USE Electric lamps, Incandescent

Incandescent lighting USE Electric lighting, Incandescent

Incunabula -- Conservation and restoration

India ink

I BT Ink
I I


Page 56














Indoor air pollution

RT Dust


Information storage and retrieval systems
-- Audio-visual materials
-- Newspapers
-- Photographs
-- Conservation and restoration
I I
SNT PHOCUS (Information retrieval system)
I I
-- Polymers and polymerization
I I
NT PLASDOC (Information retrieval system)
I I
-- Technology

Infringement of copyright USE Copyright infringement

Ink

BT Writing -- Materials and instruments
NT India ink
Printing ink

-- Deterioration
-- Sotubility

Insect antifeedants

Insect baits and repellents

BT Repellents
Insect pests -- Control
S Insecticides
I I


Insect behavior USE Insects -- Behavior

Insect cages
IBT Insect traps
SBT Insect traps
I I


Page 57














Insect pests

BT Insects
Pests
NT Anobiidae
Anobium
Attagenus
Beetles
Black carpet beetle
Blattellidae
Book-worms
Carpet beetles
Cockroaches
Firebrat
Hodotermitidae
Lasioderma
Lyctidae
Silverfish
Termites
Termitomyces
Xestobium
Xestobium ruffovillosum
NOTE: Individual insects and groups of insects may also be described by an individual or group
name, e.g., "Termites".

-- Biological control

NT Insect sterilization

-- Equipment and supplies
-- Control
I |
NT Insect baits and repellents
RT Pesticides

-- Law and legislation

Insect radiosterilization

BT Insects -- Effect of radiation on


Insect repellents USE Insect baits and repellents

Insect sterilization
I I
l BT Insect pests -- Biological control


Insect traps
I NT Insect cages
J NT Insect cages
I I


Page 58














Insecticides

BT Pesticides
NT Ethylene oxide
Insect baits and repellents
RT Bactericides
NOTE: Individual insecticides and groups of insecticides may be described separately, e.g.,
Vikane (Insecticide). Library of Congress Subject Headings do not specify correct
nomenclature, whether scientific or popular, but usually prefers the scientific.

-- Biodegradation
-- Environmental aspects
-- Law and legislation
-- Toxicology

Insects

NT Insect pests
NOTE: Individual insects and groups of insects may also be described by an individual or group
name, e.g., Desert locust.
I I
-- Baits USE Insect baits and repellents
-- Behavior
--Biological control USE Insect pests -- Biological control
-- Control USE Insect pests -- Control
-- Development
-- Effect of radiation on
I I
SNT Insect radiosterilization
I I
-- Extermination USE Insect pests -- Control
-- Feeding and feeds
-- Flight
-- Geographical distribution
-Larvae
-- Migration
-- Nomenclature
-- Nomenclature (popular)
-- Repellents USE Insect baits and repellents
-- Reproduction
-- Traps USE Insect traps

Insects, Injurious and beneficial USE Beneficial insects

Insurance
I I
NT Libraries -- Insurance
II

Insurance, Disaster

BT Disaster relief
Page 59
Page 59














Insurance, Fire

Insurance engineering
r I
RT Building, Fireproof
Fire extinction
Fire prevention


Intaglio printing
I |
SNT Autotype process printing
I I

International copyright USE Copyright, International

Ionic solutions
I I
RT Buffer solutions
Hydrogen-ion concentration


Ionization
I I
RT Hydrogen-ion concentration
I I

Islamic bookbinding USE Bookbinding, Islamic

Isoptera USE Termites

Ivory bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Ivory bindings

Jackets, Book USE Book jackets

Japanese paper
I I
BT Paper
RT Tissue paper
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Paper".
NOTE: Japanese paper is not to be confused with "Rice paper". Cf, note under "Rice paper".



Jeweled bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Jeweled bindings

Jewish archives

Kenaf

SBT Plant fibers



Kenaf industry
Page 60















Kineto-phonograph -- Preservation and storage

SBT Phonograph -- Preservation and storage
I


Kozo USE Paper mulberry

Kraft process USE Sulphate pulping process

Kraft waste liquor USE Sulphate waste Liquor

Kwik Print process

RT Color-printing



Lamps

NT Electric Lamps



Laser recording

BT Imaging systems
S Optical data processing
RT Optical storage devices



Lasioderma

BT Anobiidae
Insect pests
I
-- Control

Law and art

Leaflets USE Pamphlets

Leather
I
NT Morocco leather
RT Hides and skins
Tanning
I
-- Bonding
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Defects
-- Deterioration
-- Dyeing USE Dyes and dyeing -- Leather
-- Machinery

Leather, Artificial


Page 61


I


I














Leather bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Leather bindings

Leather chemicals

Leather industry and trade

SNT Bookbinding
S Dyes and dyeing -- Leather

-- Equipment and supplies

Leather painting

Leather substitutes

Leather work

SBT Arts and crafts movement
I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Equipment and supplies

Legal documents -- Conservation and restoration

Lepisma
I
SNT Silverfish (Insect)

Libraries
Libraries,


-- Air conditioning

BT Air conditioning
Dampness in buildings

-- Control
-- Buildings USE Library buildings
-- Dust control USE Dust -- Prevention
-- Exhibitions USE Library exhibits
-- Fires and fire prevention


SBT Fire prevention
Flood damage

BFlood damage
| BT Flood damage |
I I
Heating and ventilation

SRT Dampness in buildings
I I


Page 62


I
I


I


I















Libraries


-Insurance

BT Insurance

-- Security measures

RT Book thefts
Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

-- Shelf department
-- Shelving USE Shelving (for periodicals)
-- Special collections
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Maps
-- Microforms
I
SBT Microforms

-- Non-book materials
I
RT Nonbook materials
I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Slides (Photography)

Libraries, Storage
I
BT Library buildings
I


Libraries, University and college

Library architecture

Library book-plates USE Book-plates, Library

Library buildings

BT Buildings
NT Libraries, Storage

-- Environmental engineering

SRT Museums -- Climatic factors

-- Fires and fire prevention
-- Lighting
-- Natural disaster effects

RT Natural disasters


Page 63


I

I


I


I


I


J













Library buildings
-- Pest control

| RT Household pests -- Control


Library cooperation

Library exhibits
I I
I RT Bibliographical exhibitions
I I

Library fittings and supplies

Library insurance USE Libraries -- Insurance

Library materials

j RT Audio-visual materials
Nonbook materials
SNT Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
Periodicals

-- Conservation and restoration

| BT Preservation of materials

-- Audio-visual aids
-- Study and teaching
-- Deterioration
-- Reproduction

I BT Copying
I !

Library planning

Library supplies USE Library fittings and supplies

Library surveys

I BT Surveys


Light

SRT Optics
S Photographic optics
S Photometry
I I
-- Chemical action USE Photochemistry

Page 64













Light, Electric USE Electric lighting

Light bulbs USE Electric Lamps, Incandescent

Light filters

BT Photographic optics
RT Filters and filtration
Photometry


Light sensitive paper
-- Conservation and restoration

Light sources

NT Electric lamps
Electric lighting


Lighting
I
NT Electric lighting



Lignin
I
SRT Wood -- Chemistry

-- Biodegradation

Lignocellulose
I
BT Cellulose



Lippmann process USE Color photography -- Lippmann process

Lithography

BT Prints
NT Offset printing
S Photolithography
RT Chromolithography

-- Metal plate processes

SNT Offset printing
I

Lithography, Direct

SNT Offset printing


Page 65


1


I


1


I


I
I
__________________I















Loop films -- Preservation and storage

Lyctidae
I I
BT Beetles
Insect pests

-- Control

Lyophilization USE Freeze-drying

Machine data storage and retrieval USE Information storage and retrieval

Machine-readable bibliographic data
-- Copyright USE Copyright -- Machine-readable bibliographic data

Machine-readable documents USE Documents in machine-readable form

Magazines USE Periodicals

Magnetic disks
-- Preservation and storage

Magnetic recorders and recording
I |
| T Video tape recorders and recording

-- Fair use (Copyright)
I I
SBT Fair use (Copyright)
SRT Copyright -- Sound recordings



Magnetic tapes -- Preservation and storage
IRT Daa Preserv n ad
RT Data tapes -- Preservation and storage
NT Phonotapes -- Preservation and storage
S Video tapes -- Preservation and storage
I I

Magnetography (Photomechanical process) USE Ferromagnetography

Manuscript dating

Manuscript depositories USE Archives

Manuscript repositories USE Archives


Page 66













Mant


scripts

NT Palm-leaf manuscripts
RT Archival materials

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Tropical conditions
-- Copyright USE Copyright -- Manuscripts
-- Defacement USE Manuscripts -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.
-- Exhibitions


I I
RT Bibliographical exhibitions
II
-- Facsimiles
-- Forgeries USE Forgery of manuscripts
-- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

RT Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

-- Reproduction
I I
BT Copying
NT Manuscripts on microfilm
S Photocopying processes

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Manuscripts (Papyri)

SBT Writing -- Materials and instruments
RT Papyrus (The plant)
I I
-- Conservation and restoration

Manuscripts, Palm-leaf USE Palm-leaf manuscripts

Manuscripts on microfilm


BT Microfilms
S Manuscripts -- Reproduction


Maps


-- Conservation and restoration
-- Reproduction

SBT Copying
S Photocopying processes
I _I


Page 67


1


I













Marbled papers
I
BT Decorative paper
I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Specimens

Marbling (Bookbinding)
I
NT Paste papers
RT Bookbinding
Endpapers

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Margins in books

BT Printing, Practical -- Imposition, etc.



Materials, Library USE Library materials

Matting works of art USE Art -- Matting

Mechanical pulping process
I
BT Wood-pulp
I


Medieval bookbinding USE Bookbinding, Medieval

Mezzograph

| BT Photomechanical processes
S Photoengraving



Mezzotint engraving

BT Engraving



Mice -- Control

BT Rodents -- Control
I


Microcards

BT Microforms
S Micrographics
I
-- Catalogs
-- Conservation and restoration


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I


I
I













Microfiche services
I I
BT Micrographics
S Microphotography
RT Microfilm services
I I

Microfiches

BT Microforms
Micrographics
NT Documents on microfiche
Pamphlets on microfiche
Periodicals on microfiche
RT Church records on microfilm
Microfilms

-- Catalogs
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Equipment and supplies
-- Format
-- Image quality

Microfilm, Computer output USE Computer output microfilm

Microfilm books USE Books on microfilm

Microfilm devices, Computer output USE Computer output microfilm devices

Microfilm projectors


NT Reader-printers (Microphotography)
I


Microfilm services


BT Micrographics
S Microphotography
RT Microfiche services

-- Law and legislation

Microfilming USE Microphotography

Microfilms

BT Microforms
Micrographics
Photography -- Films
NT Books on microfilm
Church records on microfilm

(continued)
Page 69













Microfilms

NT Computer output on microfilm
Court records on microfilm
Diazo microfilm
Documents on microfilm
Manuscripts on microfilm
Newspapers on microfilm
Out-of-print books on microfilm
Pamphlets on microfilm
Periodicals on microfilm
Rare books on microfilm
RT Microfiches

-- Catalogs
-- Deterioration
-- Evaluation
-- Format
-- Image quality
-- Preservation and storage

Microforms

NT Documents in microform
Libraries -- Special collections -- Microforms
Microcards
Microfiches
Microfilms
Newspapers in microform
Pamphlets in microform
Periodicals in microform
RT Church records on microfilm
Micrographics
Microphotography

-- Catalogs
-- Equipment and supplies
-- Image quality
-- Preservation and storage

Microforms industry

Micrographics

NT Computer output microfilm
Microcards
Microfiche services
Microfiches
Microfilm services
MicrofiLms
RT Microforms
Micrographotography

-- Equipment and supplies
Page 70













Micrographics
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Law and legislation

Microphotography
I I
BT Photography
NT Microfiche services
Microfilm services
RT Microforms
Micrographics

-- Equipment and supplies
I -
NT Reader-printers (Microphotography)
II
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Standards

Micropublications USE Microforms

Mildew
I I
BT Fungi



Miniature books

RT Books -- Sizes
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books".

-- Conservation and restoration

Moisture

SNT Water vapor, Atmospheric
RT Humidity

-- Measurement
-- Instruments

NT Moisture meters



Moisture control in buildings USE Dampness in buildings

Moisture in textiles

Moisture meters
I
SBT Moisture -- Measurement -- Instruments
RT Hygrometers
I I
-- Calibration
Page 71

















Molds (Botany)
I I
SRT Fungi
I I


Monomers

BT Polymers and polymerization



Morocco leather

BT Leather
Tanning

-- Conservation and restoration

Mosaic bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Mosaic bindings

Motion picture film

SBT Photography -- Films
I I
-- Preservation and storage
-- Splicing

Motion picture film collections
i I
SRT Archives, Motion picture



Motion pictures
I I
SBT Audio-visual materials
I I
-- Copyright USE Copyright -- Motion pictures
-- Film USE Motion picture film

Moving-picture film USE Motion picture film

Moving-picture film collections USE Motion picture film collections

Moving-pictures USE Motion pictures

Moving-pictures, Loop USE Loop films

Mulberry
I I
SRT Paper mulberry
SNOTE: The term "Mulberry" refers to the plant of this name.

Page 72














Museum buildings

BT Buildings
RT Museums
II
-- Natural disaster effects
I I
SRT Natural disasters



Museum conservation methods

SNT Museums -- Climatic factors

-- Statistics
-- Tropical conditions

Museums
I I
SRT Museum buildings

-- Climatic factors

BT Library buildings -- Environmental engineering
Museum conservation methods
I I
-- Lighting
-- Security measures

Muslim bookbinding USE Bookbinding, Islamic

Mutilation of books USE Books -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

Mutilation of manuscripts USE Manuscripts -- Mutilation, defacement, etc.

Mycology

SRT Fungi


Natural disasters

NT Buildings -- Natural disaster effects
Floods
Library buildings -- Natural disaster effects
Museum buildings -- Natural disaster effects
NOTE: Individual types of natural disasters may also be described by name, e.g., Floods;
Earthquakes; etc.


Page 73













Neutralization (Chemistry)

BT Acids
Bases (Chemistry)
Hydrogen-ion concentration
RT Books -- Deacidification
Buffer solutions

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Newspaper clippings USE Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)

Newspapers

NT Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
RT Copyright -- Newspaper articles
Periodicals
I I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Facsimiles
-- Information storage and retrieval systems USE
Information storage and retrieval systems -- Newspapers
-- Microform catalogs

Newspapers in microform

SBT Microforms
I I
-- Catalogs USE Newspapers -- Microform catalogs

Newspapers on microfilm
I I
SBT Microfilms

-- Catalogs USE Newspapers -- Microform catalogs

Newsprint

SBT Paper
SRT Wood-pulp
SNOTE: Subdivided as the term "Paper".

-- Preservation

Newsreels -- Preservation and storage

Nitrocellulose

BT Cellulose
NT Pyroxylin
RT Guncotton
I I


Page 74













Nonbook materials

RT Libraries -- Special collections -- Non-book materials
S Library materials

-- Conservation and restoration

Non impact printing

BT Printing, Practical
NT Electrostatic printing



Offset printing

BT Lithography
S Lithography -- Metal plate processes
Printing
RT Lithography, Direct



Optical bleaches USE Optical brighteners

Optical brighteners

BT Dyes and dyeing
S Fluorescence
RT Bleaching materials
S Paper -- Optical properties


Optical data processing
I
NT Laser recording


Optical detectors

Optical disks

BT Optical storage devices



Optical storage devices

BT Computer storage devices
Computers -- Optical equipment
NT CD-I Technology
CD-ROM
Optical disks
Photoferroelectric effect
RT Laser recording


Page 75


I
I


I


I













Optical storage of documents USE Documents in optical storage

Optical whiteners USE Optical brighteners

Optics

SRT Light
S Photometry

-- Laboratory manuals
-- Tables

Optics, Photographic USE Photographic optics

Optoelectronic devices

NT Imaging systems



Ornamental bookbindings USE Bookbindings -- Ornamental bindings

Out-of-print books -- Catalogs

RT Reprints (Publications)



Out-of-print books on microfilm

SBT Microfilms



Oxidants USE Oxidizing agents

Oxidants, Photochemical USE Photochemical oxidants

Oxidation

Oxidizers USE Oxidizing agents

Oxidizing agents

SNT Photochemical oxidants



Oxirane USE Ethylene oxide

Paint
I
SNT Fillers (in paper, paint, etc.)
I


Painted bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Painted bindings

Painting -- Conservation and restoration


Page 76


I
I


I

I





I


I













Painting on Leather USE Leather painting


Palm-Leaf manuscripts

BT Manuscripts
I
-- Conservation and restoration

Pamphlets
I
BT Books
NT Chap-books
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Books".

-- Conservation and restoration

Pamphlets in microform

BT Microforms



Pamphlets on microfiche

BT Microfiche



Pamphlets on microfilm


SBT Microfilms
I I


Paper

BT Fibers
Writing -- Material and instruments
NT Absorbent paper
Carbon paper
Decorative paper
Japanese paper
Newsprint
Paper, Handmade
Reproduction paper
Thermographic paper
Tissue paper
Waste paper
RT Paper, Plastic
Paper coatings
Papermaking
Water-marks

-- Analysis
-- Bacteriology USE Paper -- Microbiology
-- Coatings USE Paper coatings
-- Defects


Page 77


1


I


I













Paper


-- Deterioration
I 1
RT Paper --Preservation
NT Paper -- Microbiology

-- Dictionaries
-- Disinfection

BT Books -- Disinfection

-- Dry strength
-- Drying

SRT Freeze-drying

-- Dyeing USE Dyes and dyeing Paper
-- Finishing USE Paper finishing
-- Microbiology
I I
BT Paper -- Deterioration

-- Microscopy
I I
SBT Paper --Testing

-- Optical properties
I I
SRT Fillers (in paper, paint, etc.)
| Optical brighteners

-- Preservation
I I
| BT Books -- Conservation and restoration
SRT Books -- Deacidification
S Paper -- Deterioration
Preservation of materials

-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Pressing
-- Printing properties
-- Sample books
-- Sizing USE Paper sizing
-- Testing
I I
NT Paper -- Microscopy
I I
-- Water removal USE Paper -- Drying
-- Wet strength


Page 78













Paper, Handmade
I
BT Paper
NOTE: Subdivided as the term "Paper".


Paper, Light sensitive USE Light sensitive paper

Paper, Plastic

BT Plastics
RT Paper

-- Conservation and restoration

Paper bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Paper bindings

Paper chemicals

NT Paper coatings -- Additives

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility

Paper chemicals industry

Paper chromotography
I
SBT Chromatographic analysis
I
-- Laboratory manuals

Paper coatings

SBT Paper
| Paper finishing

-- Additives
I
BT Paper chemicals

-- Permeability

Paper coatings industry

Paper-cutting machines

BT Printing machinery and supplies
I


Paper electrophoresis

BT Electrophoresis


Page 79


I
I














Paper finishing
I |
BT Papermaking
NT Paper coatings



Paper industry

NT Paperboard industry

Paper machine felts USE Papermaking machinery felts

Paper machine felts USE Papermaking machinery felt
Paper machines USE Papermaking machinery

Paper making and trade USE Paper industry
USE Papermaking

Paper manufacture USE Papermaking

Paper mi ts
I I
SBT Wood-pulp industry
SRT Pulp mills


Paper mulberry

BT Mulberry
NOTE: This term refers to paper manufactured using the mulberry plant.


Paper pressing USE Paper -- Pressing

Paper sizing
I I
SBT Papermaking

-- Solubility

Paper stock preparation (Papermaking) USE Stock preparation (Papermaking)

Paper substitutes

Paper work

Paperbacks -- Conservation and restoration

RT Bookbinding -- Paper bindings -- Conservation and restoration


Paperboard
-- Conservation and restoration


Page 80














Paperboard industry
I I
BT Paper industry
I I


Papermaking
I
BT Paper
NT Dyes and dyeing -- Paper
Paper finishing
Paper sizing
Stock preparation (Papermaking)
I I
-- Chemistry
-- Equipment and supplies
I I
NT Papermaking machinery
II


Papermaking industry USE Paper industry

Papermaking machinery

BT Papermaking -- Equipment and supplies

-- Vibration

Papermaking machinery felts

Papyrus (The plant)
I I
RT Manuscripts (Papyri)



Papyrus manuscripts USE Manuscripts (Papyri)

Parchment
-- Conservation and restoration

Particles
I I
SNT Dust



Paste

BT Adhesives
RT Glue

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility


Page 81













Paste papers
I I
SBT Decorative paper
Marbling (Bookbinding)
I I

Pasteboard USE Paperboard

Pastedowns
I I
BT Bookbinding
S Endpapers
I I
-- Conservation and restoration

Periodical selection
I I
SBT Collection development (Libraries)
RT Book selection
Discarding of books, periodical, etc.


Periodicals

BT Library materials
RT Newspapers

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Design
I I
RT Printing, Practical -- Layout
I I
-- Format
-- Selection USE Periodical selection

Periodicals in microform
I I
SBT Microforms
I I

Periodicals on microfiche

SBT Microfiche(s)


Periodicals on microfilm

BT Microfilms



Pest control USE Pests -- Control

Pest management USE Pests -- Control


Page 82













Pesticide formulation USE Pesticides -- Formulation

Pesticide industry USE Pesticides industry

Pesticides

NT Aluminum phosphide
Bactericides
Fumigants
Fungicides
Insecticides
Rodenticides
RT Insect pests -- Control
Pests -- Control

-- Application
-- Biodegradation
-- Controlled release
-- Deterioration
-- Environmental aspects
-- Formulation
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Law and legislation
-- Physiological effect
-- Safety measures
-- Solubility
-- Toxicology

Pesticides, Biodegradable USE Pesticides -- Biodegradation

Pesticides industry

Pests
I I
NT Household pests
Insect pests

-- Chemical control USE Pests -- Control
-- Control

RT Pesticides
NOTE: Individual pests may be described separately, e.g., Termites -- Control.

-- Extermination USE Pests -- Control
-- Management USE Pests -- Control

pH USE Hydrogen-ion concentration

PHOCUS (Information retrieval system)
I IPI
BT Information storage and retrieval systems -- Photographs -- Conservation and restoration
I I


Page 83












Phonocylinders -- Preservation and storage
I I
SRT Sound recordings -- Preservation and storage


Phonodiscs USE Sound recordings

Phonograph -- Preservation and storage

SNT Kineto-phonograph -- Preservation and storage
SRT Sound recordings -- Preservation and storage


Phonograph records USE Sound recordings

Phonotapes
-- Copyright USE Copyright -- Phonotapes
-- Preservation and storage

SBT Magnetic tapes -- Preservation and storage
Sound recordings -- Preservation and storage
SNT Audiocassettes -- Preservation and storage
Talking books -- Preservation and storage


Photochemical oxidants

I BT Oxidizing agents
I I
-- Environmental aspects

Photochemical processes

SRT Woodburytype


Photochemistry
I I
I NT Diazo microfilm.-- Effects of light on


Photocopying processes

BT Copying processes
Manuscripts -- Reproduction
Photography -- Copying
Photomechanical processes
NT Diazotype
Electrostatic printing
Electrophotography
Maps -- Reproduction
Photography -- Reproduction of plans, drawings, etc.

(continued)


Page 84












Photocopying processes
I I
Photostat
Radiography -- Copying
Reader-printers (Microphotography)
Thermography (Copying process)
RT Xerography
I I
-- Dictionaries
-- Fair use (Copyright)

BT Fair use (Copyright).
NT Photocopying services in Libraries


Photocopying services

Photocopying services in libraries
I I
BT Photocopying processes -- Fair use (Copyright)
Photography -- Library applications
RT Copying processes
Electrophotography -- Library applications
Photostat -- Library applications
I I


Photoduplication USE Photocopying processes

Photoelectronic devices


NT Electrophotography
Imaging systems


Photoengraving

BT Engraving
NT Photogalvanography
Woodburytype
Color photography -- Three-color process
RT Mezzograph
Photomechanical processes


Photoferroelectric effect
I I
SBT Images, Optical
S Imaging systems
| Optical storage devices
I i


Page 85


I
I
I
i













Photogalvanography
I I
BT Photoengraving
S Photomechanical processes


Photoglyptie USE Woodburytype

Photograph Conservation Universal Decimal Classification System (Information retrieval system)
USE PHOCUS (Information retrieval system)

Photographic chemicals

BT Photography -- Apparatus and supplies
NT Color photography -- Developing and developers
S Photographic gelatin
S Photography -- Developing and developers

Photographic chemicals industry

Photographic chemis industry
Photographic chemistry
I I
SNT Photography -- Processing


Photographic duplication USE Photomechanical processes

Photographic emulsions

BT Emulsions
RT Photographic gelatin

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility

Photographic film USE Photography -- Films

Photographic gelatin

SBT Gelatin
S Photographic chemicals
SRT Photographic emulsions

-- Deterioration
-- Solubility

Photographic papers USE Photography -- Printing papers

Photographic papers, Color USE Color photography -- Printing papers


Page 86












Photographic optics
I I
RT Light
NT Light filters
I I

Photographic processing USE Photography -- Processing

Photographic reproduction processes USE Photocopying processes

Photographic sensitometry

SNT Color sensitometry (Photography)
| Photography -- Films
| Photography -- Plates
| Photography -- Printing papers


Photographic slides USE Slides (Photography)

Photographic wastes USE Photography -- Wastes, Recovery of

Photographs
I I
NOTE: Individual types of photographs may be described separately, e.g., "Ambrotype",
"Daguerreotype", etc.

-- Coloring
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Copyright USE Copyright -- Photographs
-- Exhibitions USE Photography -- Exhibitions
-- Trimming, mounting, etc.

Photography

NT Color photography
S Electrophotography
S Photomechanical processes
I I
-- Apparatus and supplies
I I
NT Photographic chemicals
S Photography -- Films
S Photography -- Printing papers
S Photography -- Plates

-- Copying
I I
SNT Photocopying processes
1 I
-- Developing and developers

BT Photographic chemicals
BT Photographic chemicals
I I


Page 87













Photography


Enlarging
Exhibitions
Films


BT Photography -- Apparatus and supplies
Photographic sensitometry
NT Microfilms
Motion picture film
Safety film

-- Preservation and storage
-- Formulae, tables, etc.
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Library applications
I I
NT Photocopying services in libraries

-- Negatives
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Papers USE Photography -- Printing papers
-- Plates
I i
SBT Photographic sensitometry
I Photography -- Apparatus and supplies
I I
-- Conservation and restoration
-- Printing papers

BT Photography -- Apparatus and supplies
NT Albumen paper
Color photography -- Printing papers
RT Photographic sensitometry

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Printing processes

NT Color photography -- Printing processes

-- Processing

RT Photographic chemistry
NT Color photography -- Processing

-- Reproduction of plans, drawings, etc.
I I
SRT Photocopying processes
L I
-- Sensitometry USE Photographic sensitometry
-- Wastes, Recovery of

Photography, Color USE Color photography


Page 88












Photogravure


SBT Photomechanical processes
RT Engraving
I


Photolithography

BT Lithography
S Photomechanical processes
RT Photoresists


Photolysis (Chemistry) USE Photochemistry

Photomechanical processes

BT Electrostatic printing
Photography
NT Chemigraph
Collotype
Ferromagnetography
Heliotype
Mezzograph
RT Electrophotography
Photocopying processes
Photolithography
Photoengraving
Photogalvanography
Photogravure

-- Sample books

Photometry
I I
RT Light
Light filters
S Optics
I I

Photoresists
I I
RT Photolithography
I I

Photostat

BT Photocopying processes

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Library applications
I R PhtI
| RT Photocopying services in Libraries
II


Page 89













Pictorial bookbindings USE Bookbinding -- Pictorial bindings


Pigments

I RT Coloring matter
SNT Dyes and dyeing
I

Plant fibers

SBT Fibers
NT Cellulose fibers
RT Kenaf
Plant fibers
I


PLASDOC
r
BT





Plastic

Plastic

IBT


Plas









Plas

Plas


(Information retrieval system)

Information storage and retrieval systems -- Polymers and polymerization
Plastics industry and trade -- Information services
Polymers and polymerization -- Information services


additives USE Plastics -- Additives

film industry

Plastic films
Plastic films I


stic films
I I
BT Plastics
SNT Polyester films
S Plastic film industry

-- Permeability

stic packaging (Electronics) USE Electronic apparatus and appliances -- Plastic embedment

stic paper USE. Paper, Plastic


Plasticity

Plasticizers

SBT Plastics -- Additives
SRT Solvents


Page 90


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I
I


i


I













Plastics
SI
NT Acetal resins
Paper, Plastic
Plastic films
Polyesters
Thermoplastics

-- Additives
I
[ NT Plasticizers
I I
-- Biodegradation
-- Bonding
-- Deterioration
-- Welding
I
SRT Electronic apparatus and appliances -- Plastic embedment


Plastics additives USE Plastics -- Additives

Plastics industry and trade
-- Information services

NT PLASDOC (Information retrieval system)



Polaires USE Portas

Polyester fibers
I I
BT Textile fibers, Synthetic


Polyester films

BT Plastic films
II

Polyester industry

Polyesters
I I
BT Esters
Gums and resins, Synthetic
Plastics
Polymers and polymerization
NT Textile fibers, Synthetic

-- Thermal properties


Page 91













Polymerization USE Polymers and polymerization

Polymer melting

Polymers and polymerization

NT Acetal resins
Biopolymers
Emulsion polymerization
Monomers
Polyesters

-- Biodegradation
-- Defects
-- Deterioration
-- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
-- Information services

SNT PLASDOC (Information retrieval system)
I I
-- Melting USE Polymer melting
-- Optical properties
-- Thermal properties
-- Viscosity

Polysaccharides

SRT Biopolymers

-- Synthesis

Polyvinyl acetate USE Vinyl acetate

Polyvinyl chloride

SBT Vinyl chloride polymers
I I

Portas
r~--------------------------------------------
SBT Bookbinding -- Specimens
I I

Portiforia USE Portas

Powder-post beetles USE Lyctidae

Preservation and restoration
I I
I NOTE: The subdivision "-- Conservation and restoration" may be used under types of art
Subjects, books and manuscripts.
I I


Page 92













Preservation of art objects USE Art objects -- Conservation and restoration

Preservation of books USE Books -- Conservation and restoration

Preservation of cotton fabrics USE Cotton fabrics -- Preservation

Preservation of Leather work USE Leather work -- Conservation and restoration

Preservation of manuscripts USE Manuscripts -- Conservation and restoration

Preservation of materials
I I
NT Library materials -- Conservation and restoration
RT Books -- Conservation and restoration
Paper -- Preservation
NOTE: The subdivision !Preservation" is allowed under perishable products and antiquities,
e.g., "Buddhism -- Sacred books -- Preservation".


Preservation of microforms USE Microforms -- Preservation and storage

Preservation of motion picture film USE Motion picture film -- Conservation and restoration

Preservation of paper USE Paper -- Preservation

Preservation of photographs USE Photographs -- Conservation and restoration

Preservation of prints USE Prints -- Conservation and restoration

Pressboard USE Paperboard

Pressing of paper USE Paper -- Pressing

Prevention of. fires USE Fire prevention

Print finishing process

SNT Bookbinding
I

Print making USE Prints -- Technique

Printers

Printing
I
NT Offset printing

-- Exhibitions

RT Bibliographical exhibitions

-- History


Page 93













Printing, Autotype process USE Autotype printing process

Printing, Electrostatic USE Electrostatic printing

Printing, Non-impact USE Non impact printing

Printing, Offset USE Offset printing

Printing, Practical

NT Autotype process printing
Color-printing
Electrotyping
Handpress
Non impact printing
Stereotyping

-- Imposition, etc.
I I
NT Margins in books
I I
-- Layout
I I
SRT Book design
S Periodicals -- Design

-- Presswork
-- Production standards
-- Specimens USE Prints -- Specimens
-- Style manuals

Printing-ink

BT Ink


Printing machinery and supplies

NT Paper-cutting machines


Printmakers

Prints

NT Color prints
Lithography

-- Conservation and restoration
-- Materials
-- Preservation USE Prints -- Conservation and restoration
-- Restoration USE Prints -- Conservation and restoration
-- Specimens
-- Technique


Page 94




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