• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 The Old Testament Alphabet
 The History of Joseph
 The History of Moses, the...
 Back Cover
 Spine






Group Title: The child's coloured scripture book : the Old Testament alphabet, The history of Joseph, The history of Moses
Title: The child's coloured scripture book
CITATION PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028276/00001
 Material Information
Title: The child's coloured scripture book the Old Testament alphabet, The history of Joseph, The history of Moses
Alternate Title: Old Testament alphabet
History of Joseph
History of Moses
Physical Description: 1 v. (unpaged) : col. ill. ; 19 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Kronheim & Co ( Lithographer )
George Routledge and Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: George Routledge & Sons
Place of Publication: London ;
New York
Publication Date: [1875?]
 Subjects
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Alphabet books -- 1875   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1875
Genre: Alphabet books   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: with seventy-two illustrations printed in colours by Kronheim & Co.
General Note: Date of publication from inscription.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00028276
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002223742
notis - ALG3994
oclc - 60884035

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Page i
    Frontispiece
        Plate
    Title Page
        Page ii
    The Old Testament Alphabet
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    The History of Joseph
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    The History of Moses, the Lawgiver
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Spine
        Spine
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HAITH SEVENTY-TWO ILLUSTRATIONS
PRINTED IN COLOURS BY KRONHEIM CO. _




S .LONDON AND NEW YORK
SGEORGE ROUTLEDUR& SON&















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A ARON, the High Priest of the
Jews, within the Temple pray'd,
And offered sacrifices, which were on the
altar laid.















4' A








B ALAAM the Prophet, on an ass,
a visit went to pay
To Balak: but an Angel stood to meet
him on the way.









r I










C AIN, the first son of Adam, full of
jealousy and pride,
Fiercely kill'd his brother Abel, and was
wretched till he died.













o. .. ,,







D ANIEL, faithful, brave, and pious,
was shut in the lions' den,
By the heathen King Darius, but came
safely out again;
For God, who made the lions, watches
over righteous men,







.



;IN,












ELIJAH, when he hid himself, had
nothing left to eat,
But the Lord's ravens daily brought the
Prophet bread and meat.





















F INDING the infant Moses; who,
left at the river's side,
Was lying in a little ark, with fresh
bulrushes tied;
Great Pharaoh's daughter pitied as the
child looked up and cried.





















G OLIATH, of the Philistines the
leader and the pride,
Came forth and laugh'd, while all the
host of Israel he defied;
But David, with a sling and stone, so
smote him that he died.






















AGAR AND ISHMAEL, her son,
out to the desert fled,
With water in a bottle, and a little loaf
of bread:
But, when they both had called to God,
in safety they were led.

























OB suffered many sorrows, but was
patient to the end;
Knowing, in all his troubles, that the
Lord was still his friend.



















K ING DAVID, once a shepherd boy,
to Israel's throne was raised,
And, singing to his harp, in sweetest
Psalms he pray'd and praised.




















L OT, with his wife and daughters,
left the Cities of the Plain,
Which, for their wickedness, God smote
with storms of fiery rain;
But Lot's wife was destroyed, because
she would look back again.






















,i .


SIRIAM, the Prophetess, was
Aaron's sister: she
Led forth the Jewish women, who
escaped from the Red Sea,
And danced and sang for joy that all her
nation was set free.

























N OAH alone, of all the people,
hated evil and loved good,
And when the earth was drown'd, by rain
from heaven, in a flood,
God taught him how to build a ship, or
ark, of gopher-wood.

















4/'









O BADIAH sought, from wicked
men, Elijah's life to save;
It was he who fed, and hid, a hundred
prophets in a cave.






















P HARAOH, the King of Egypt,
would not let God's people go,
But made them slaves; till Moses
wrought strange miracles, to show
That even Kings who disobey will suffer
pain and woe.























Q UEEN OF SHEBA. You have heard
how she from her own country came,
And brought rich gifts to Solomon,whose
wisdom, skill, and fame,
Caused Kings and Princes to bow down
in homage to his name.




















R UTH was the youthful widow, of
the tender, loving heart,
Who refused, in spite of poverty, from
Naomi to part.
























AM SON, the man of mighty strength,
who blind and captive lay
Within a house, in which his foes had
come to drink and play,
Pull'd down the pillars, and the house
fell on them all that day.





















T U BAL-CAI N was first of workmen,
who for useful metals sought,
And brass and iron into shape, at the
smith's anvil wrought.










_- ._.














V ASHTI, the Queen, refused to go
at her proud King's command,
And so was sent away, while Esther sat
at his right hand.
























W I DOWED, and poor, and hungry,
the woman was who fed
Elijah, Prophet of the Lord, with a small
cake of bread;
But God returned a hundred-fold, and
kept her table spread.

























X is the letter which is used, to show
the number ten,
And Ten Commandments Moses gave,
from God to sinful men.

9



















Y OUNG JOASH, when a little child,
was hidden from the sight
Of those who sought to slay him, and
was kept, both day and night,
Till priests and captains claimed for him
his own true kingly right.
























Z EDEKIAH, King of Judah, lived
to see his sons both slain,
Then blind and captive went away,
never to see again :
For he led an evil life, which brings
both misery and pain.














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Ir- aJ '




AM@:
























THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.

AFTER the death of Rachael, the
mother ot Joseph anl Benjamin,
Jacob went to live in the land of Canaan,






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
where he had fields and flocks of sheep,
and his sons were shepherds and hus-
bandmen, living together in one family.
At this time Joseph was a lad of
seventeen years old, and much younger
than any of his eleven brethren except
Benjamin. Jacob loved Joseph more
than all the rest of his children; and
the brothers of Joseph were jealous, so
that when Jacob one day gave Joseph a
new coat of many colours, and better
than the coats which they were wearing,
they were quite angry that he should be
their father's favourite.
But they were still more angry be-
cause Joseph dreamed that he should
be a greater man than they; AND HE
CAME AND TOLD HIS DREAMS TO HIS
FATHER, and his father and his brethren
were angry.
Some time after this, the other sons
of Jacob went with their flocks to a
place called Dothan, and, as their father
wished to know if they were well and safe,






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
he sent Joseph to seek them. They saw
him coming, and some of them said that
this would be the time to get rid of the
dreamer, who was to be a great man,
and that they could easily kill him and
tell their father that he had been eaten
by some wild beasts; but the eldest
brother, REUBEN, WOULD NOT HEAR OF
IT, AND PERSUADED THEM NOT TO KILL
JOSEPH, but to put him down in some
deep cavern or pit in the wilderness,
and there leave him. Reuben said this
because he meant to go back and take
him out when the rest had left the
place. So they cast Joseph into a pit,
and then sat down to eat their food,
all except this elder brother Reuben,
who pitied poor Joseph, and would
have saved him if he could from the
cruelty of the rest. They cared very
little whether Joseph died of hunger, or
what became of him, for they hated
him; and, while he was crying in the
pit, they got out their bread and their
























water and sat down there upon the
ground to refresh themselves, before
they went away and left him.
While they were eating, there came
in sight a company of Ishmaelites, with
their camels, who were taking spices and






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
perfumes to Egypt, and Judah said to
the other brothers, Let us sell Joseph
to these Ishmaelites, for he is our brother
after all." They did not wish to kill
Joseph if they could get rid of him any
other way, and they thought that by
selling him to these Ishmaelites they
could get some money; so they drew
Joseph up out of the pit and SOLD HIM
FOR THIRTY PIECES OF SILVER to these
people, who took him off with them to
Egypt as a slave. There were many
slaves in Egypt, some of them labouring
in the fields, others making bricks in the
brickfields, and many who were servants
to the Egyptians, and doing the work
of the house, hewing wood and drawing
water.
These slaves were taken from other
countries by people like the Ishmael-
ites, who were a tribe of men living in
tents, and travelling from one place to
another to sell their goods. Whenever
they could buy a man or a child, or if














Si.









they conquered some other people in
battle and took prisoners, they carried
them and sold them to be the servants
of the rich, or to work in the fields of
the King of Egypt, who set them to
dig and to sow, to reap and to plough,







._---- ".- _-



















or to make bricks and hew stones, and
build for him in his cities.
REUBEN COULD NOT FIND JOSEPH IN
THE PIT when he returned, and, after
calling and seeking for him, he grew
very sorry for his younger brother, and
F






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
went back to the others and asked what
should be done, now that Joseph was
nowhere to be found, for Reuben loved
Joseph more than some of the others
did, and he was afraid when poor old
Jacob heard of his young son's death,
he would also die of grief.
Then the brethren of Joseph, who
had sold him to the Ishmaelites, had
to consider what they should say to their
father, for a wicked act always ends in a
wicked lie, by which people try to deny
or excuse their sin. They had shown
no mercy to their brother, and so they
could not meet their father till they had
made up some story to tell him. The
coat of many colours, which had been
one of the causes of their jealousy, and
with which poor Joseph had been so
pleased, had been taken from him before
he was cast into the pit, and now his
cruel brothers thought that they could
make it help to deceive their father; so
they killed a young goat and sprinkled
























the coat with its blood, and then
TOOK THE COAT TO JACOB and said,
"We havefound this coat; you will
know, perhaps, whether it is Joseph's
coat or not." This did not look like a
lie, but it was a lie all the same, because






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
it was intended to deceive poor Jocob,
who, when he looked at the coat that he
had made for his beloved son and saw
the blood upon it, said, It is Joseph's
coat, and doubtless some evil beast has
devoured him." This was just what the
brothers had expected, for they had
sprinkled the coat with blood on pur-
pose that their father might think Joseph
had been killed by a wild beast; and
they dared not confess that they had
sold him for a slave. Then Jacob
mourned for many days, and his sons
and daughters could not comfort him,
because he thought Joseph was dead.
Poor old Jacob! his wicked sons had
made him very sad; but they could not
alter his love for Joseph. He sat and
grieved at the thoughts of his having
been killed, and wished that he had
never sent him out that day to look after
his brothers at Dothan.
But Joseph was not dead; he had
been taken to Egypt, where the MIDI-






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
ANITES SOLD HIM TO POTIPHAR, who was
an officer and a Captain of the Guard
to Pharaoh the King; and he became a
servant in the house of this great man.
The slaves who were sold to masters
like Potiphar were better off than some
of those who worked in the fields, or at
brickmaking and building. Sometimes
they saved enough money to pay their
masters to set them free; and very
often, if they were faithful, good ser-
vants, they were very kindly treated.
It is a very dreadful thing to be a
slave, even with the kindest treatment,
and to be able to do nothing, and to say
nothing, except what some one else tells
you to do or say: but even a slave can
tell all his griefs to God, and Joseph in
all his trouble, and even when he was
sold into slavery, did not forget that he
could pray to God, and that God would
help him at the proper time. It was
just when he seemed to be worst off
that the help came, for all that he did
























was done so honestly and so well, and
the Lord made his work so prosperous
that the Egyptian soon found out what
a valuable servant he had bought, and
trusted everything to him, till Joseph
was no longer a poor slave, but the ruler


























of his master's house; and POTIPHAR
GAVE HIM AUTHORITY OVER ALL THAT
HE HAD, and he was the chief of all the
servants while his master was away.
He had to rule over the house, and
to buy provisions, and to keep the ac-






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
counts, so that he scarcely felt like a
slave at all. He was a faithful servant,
and his master trusted him. Perhaps
he began to think that he would be there
all his life, in an easy place; or that he
would be able soon to save money, and
buy his freedom, and have a house and
servants of his own; but something hap-
pened to alter all his master's kindness,
and to bring sorrow to Joseph.
The wife of Potiphar was a bad and
deceitful woman; and, whenever her hus-
band was away from home, she wished
for Joseph's company; but Joseph would
never stay in the part of the house that
she lived in, and he knew that it was
his duty not to visit her, so he refused.
She was angry at this; and one day,
when Joseph was passing her door, she
caught him by the coat, and tried to stop
him; but he went on his way, and his
loose coat or mantle came off in her
hand. When her husband, Potiphar,
came home, SHE SHOWED HIM THE






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
COAT, and said that Joseph had insisted
on visiting her.
Potiphar was very angry at this, and
shut up Joseph in prison; but even in
prison his conduct was so good that the
gaoler left him to take care of the other
prisoners. Amongst these prisoners were
the chief baker and the chief butler of
Pharaoh the King. They had offended
their royal master, and had been sent to
gaol. Joseph became very friendly with
these men, and one morning when he
went to visit them, and saw that they
both looked very sad, he asked them
what was the matter, and they told him
that they had each dreamed a strange
dream, and were troubled because they
did not know what the dreams meant.
It seems that, in those early days,
God sometimes made known in dreams
what would happen; and Joseph, who
had been called a dreamer of dreams"
by his brethren, was taught by God to
understand what such dreams were in-



























tended to show. When he had listened
to the complaints of his fellow-prisoners,
he knew that there was some such in-
tention towards them, so that HE EX-
PLAINED THE MEANING OF THEIR DREAMS
TO THE CHIEF BAKER AND THE CHIEF
BUTLER OF PHARAOH.






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
The Butler dreamed that he saw a
vine; and there were three branches on
the vine that budded and blossomed,
and the blossoms grew to grapes. He
thought that, when he saw this, he had
Pharaoh's winecup in his hand, and
that he squeezed the grapes into the
winecup and gave it the King to drink
from.
The Baker had dreamed that he car-
ried three white baskets on his head,
and the top basket held bakemeats for
Pharaoh; and he thought that the birds
came and ate the bakemeats out of the
basket.
The meaning of these dreams was that
the Butler should be taken into the
King's service and favour again, but that
the Baker should be hanged upon a
tree; and it happened just as Joseph told
them, for in three days the Baker was
dead, while the Butler was handing the
winecups to Pharaoh at a great feast.
Two years after this, while Joseph was























still in prison, Pharaoh himself dreamed
two dreams, which made him very un-
easy, for he felt that they had some
hidden meaning, and could not find out
what it was. He sat and thought about
these dreams, and the more he thought

























the more he was puzzled. He sent for
all the wise men and soothsayers in
Egypt, and told them his dreams; but
they could not understand them, although
they spent a long time in trying to make
up some meaning to satisfy the King.
G






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
Then the Butler, who had forgotten
poor Joseph all this time, remembered
how he had interpreted his dream in
prison, and he told Pharaoh all about it,
and the KING IMMEDIATELY SENT TO THE
PRISON, AND HAD JOSEPH BROUGHT BE-
FORE HIM. Pharaoh told Joseph how
he dreamed first that he had seen seven
fat kine in the fields, and that, while he
looked at them, there came seven lean
kine; and he saw the seven lean kine
eat up the seven fat kine ; and afterwards
that he saw seven thin ears of corn
growing, and seven full ears, and that
the seven thin ears had eaten up the
seven full ears. When Joseph heard
this, he told Pharaoh that there would
be seven years of great plenty in Egypt,
when the meadows should be full of
cattle and the granaries full of corn ; but
that afterwards there should be seven
years of famine, when there would be
few cattle and little corn. And Joseph
advised the King to choose some wise
























and honest man among his officers, to
lay up a great store of food in the years
of plenty, that there might be enough
for the people in the years of famine.
Now King Pharaoh was wise himself,
and seeing that Joseph also was wise,






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
and that God was with him to teach him
what to say and to do, he set Joseph
over his household, and placed a ring on
his hand and a chain on his neck, and
clothed him in fine linen, and MADE HIM
RIDE IN HIS SECOND CHARIOT. And
Joseph became the Ruler of Egypt.
He lost no time in gathering the food
into the storehouses ready for the days of
famine; and when there was no corn
anywhere else in the countries round
about, there was plenty in Egypt, so
that people went there to buy of
Pharaoh, and Pharaoh sent them to
Joseph.
All this time Jacob had heard nothing
of oseph, whom he believed to be dead;
but there was little corn in the place
where Jacob lived, for the famine had
reached it, so that they were likely to be
in want; and when he heard that there
was corn in Egypt he sent his sons there
to buy food. Ten of Joseph's brethren
went down to Egypt; but Benjamin,






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
who was the youngest of all-and
younger than Joseph-stayed behind
with his father./
When the ten brothers came from
Canaan to Egypt, they were sent to
Joseph, who knew at once who they
were though they did not know him,
AND THEY BOWED DOWN BEFORE HIM.
They little thought that he was the
younger brother who had been put down
into the pit, and taken up again to be
sold as a slave so many years before.
When Joseph dreamed that he should
be a greater man than they, how angry
they were, and yet there he was, the
Ruler of Egypt; and they had come to
bow down before him, and ask him to
let them have food to take back to their
father. They might have found out who
he was if he had talked much to them,
or inquired about Jacob and all the
people they had left behind in the old
home so far away, but he spoke roughly
to them, and pretended to think that
























they were spies; and when they declared
that they were not, and told him who
they were, he would not let them go un-
less they sent for their younger brother,
Benjamin; but at last he consented that
some of the brothers should take back










11








S I







their sacks full of corn; and that ONE
OF THEM SHOULD REMAIN AS A PRISONER
until the rest should bring back. Beno.
jamin with them. The brother who
stayed behind had been one of the first
to put poor Joseph into the pit, and now






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
there he was, a prisoner, and in the
power of the man he had been so ready
to kill or to sell as a slave. If he had
known who it was that had ordered him
to stay, he might have been afraid that
his brother would punish him for all that
he had done to him; but none of them
could guess why this governor of Egypt
wanted to see their younger brother.
Then they were all uneasy, and said
one to another that this had come upon
them because of their cruelty to Joseph ;
but they did not know that Joseph was
standing there before them, and could
understand all that they talked about.
Before they went away, Joseph had
told one of his servants to take the
money which the brothers had paid for
their corn, and to tie up the price of each
sack of corn in the mouth of the sack,
at the top of the corn itself. When they
had gone some distance on their jour-
ney, one of the brothers had to open
his sack of corn to give some food to






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
the ass which carried it, and there, tied
in the mouth of the sack, he found all
the money which he had paid for the
corn. When the others saw this, they
were afraid, and opened their sacks, and
each of them FOUND MONEY IN THE
MOUTH OF HIS SACK tied up exactly
in the same way.
When Jacob heard of it, and they
told him what had been done by the
man who was the Ruler of Egypt, and
how he had sent them back for Benja-
min, he was very much afraid,. saying
that he should lose Benjamin as he had
lost Joseph; and that, for all he knew,
he had lost Simeon, who had been left
behind in prison. At last, however, they
wanted more corn, and Jacob agreed
that Benjamin should go. So they all
set out once more, taking with them the
money for the corn that they wanted, as
well as the money which had been found
in the sacks.
And when Joseph saw them coming,
























and Benjamin with them, he had a feast
prepared for them ; and when they told
him of the money they had found, he
said that it was a gift. Then he asked
them about their father, and they told
him, and brought Benjamin to him; and'






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
when Joseph saw Benjamin--his own
younger brother, and the child of the
same mother-HE WENT INTO AN INNER
CHAMBER AND WEPT.
They were treated very kindly, and a
feast was made ready for them, but still
their brother did not tell them who he
was, though his heart was full of love
for them, and especially for Benjamin,
who had never used him ill, and for his
father, whom he longed so much to
see.
When the time came for the brethren
of Joseph to go home, he called to his
steward, and told him to go quietly,
without their knowing it, and put the
money in their sacks again, as he had
done on their first visit; and to put his
silver cup in Benjamin's sack along with
the money. This was done; and when
they had started on their journey and
were some distance off, he sent a mes-
senger after them who accused them of
having taken the silver cup with them.
























They were ashamed that they should be
thought guilty of stealing the cup, and,
not knowing that Joseph had had it
placed in the top of Benjamin's sack,
said that if it could be found in any of
the sacks, that one who owned the sack

























should die, and they would become the
bondsmen or slaves of the Ruler of
Egypt. Then the messenger said that
whoever among them had the cup should
be his master's bondsman; and they all
emptied their sacks, and THE CUP WAS
H






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
FOUND IN BENJAMIN'S SACK where Joseph
had had it placed, on purpose that he.
might keep his younger brother near him.
When the brethren saw the cup in
Benjamin's sack, they rent their clothes
and wept; and went back to the city and
entreated Joseph to believe their inno-
cence, and told him all about their father,
and how he had feared to let Benjamin
go; because he had lost one of his
sons years before, and had never left
off grieving for him. They told him
that the name of this beloved son was
Joseph, and that their father was an
old man who would die if another son
were taken from him; but they did not
say that it was themselves who had sold
Joseph to the Ishmaelites, and then
had gone back to their father and pre-
tended that he had been killed by a
wild beast.
JUDAH ASKED HIM TO LET HIM REMAIN
AS A SLAVE IN THE PLACE OF BENJAMIN
lest their father should die of grief

























when he saw them go back without his
youngest son. It was this very brother,
Judah, who had advised the others to
take Joseph out of the pit and sell him
to the Midianites, so many years before;
and he remembered the grief and pain







THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
_-
of poor Jacob, when he saw this dear
son's coat all stained with blood. He
knew, too, that Jacob still grieved for
the death of Joseph, and that the loss of
Benjamin would kill him, and so he
begged very hard that he might remain
instead of Benjamin, even though he
might never return to see his father
again.
Judah did not suspect that he was
pleading with his own brother to spare
another brother. Perhaps he had lived
to repent of his former cruelty to Joseph,
and had grown more tender-hearted
since that day when he had listened to
Reuben, who pleaded for Joseph that
he might not be cast into the pit. It
must have been strange to Joseph to
hear Judah begging to be made a pri-
soner in the place of poor little Ben-
jamin.
There stood Joseph listening to them,
and making them tell him of their father
again, and asking them questions; but






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
he was ready to cry all the time, and
could scarcely keep from telling them
who he was, for he loved them, though
they had been so cruel to him, and he
knew that they were his brothers, and
that his father was alive.
At last Joseph could refrain no longer,
but told his servants to leave the room,
and THEN HE MADE HIMSELF KNOWN TO
HIS BRETHREN, and they wept together
for joy; and Joseph gave his brothers
changes of clothes, and waggons, and
money, and other things, and sent them
away, that they might bring his father
back to him into Egypt; and his brethren
could not answer him, for they wept too,
and were ashamed of all that they had
done to him so long ago.
And Joseph said to them, Come near
to me, I pray you: and they came near.
And he said, I am Joseph, your
brother, whom you sold into Egypt; but
do not be grieved and angry with your-
selves that you did so, for God sent me
























here before you to preserve the lives of
the people here. There has been fa-
mine here for two years, and there will
be no corn grow for five years more.
God sent me here to save your lives,
and to do you good; so go and tell our
























father to make haste and come to me,
and I will take care of you, and you
shall be near me, you and your children,
and,your flocks and herds, and all that
belongs to you."
Jacob, when he heard that the Ruler






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
of Egypt was his own dear son, rose up
and prepared for the journey ; and when
all was ready, he and all his household,
and his sons, and their wives and their
children-about seventy people-set out
with all their flocks and herds, and pro-
visions. Joseph, when he heard that
they were coming, made ready his chariot
AND WENT OUT TO MEET HIS FATHER;
and, when he saw his father coming, he
forgot all the long years that he had
been away from him, and cared very
little for all the honour and riches that
had been his in the land of Egypt,
and he leaped down from the chariot
in which he sat, and ran to meet his
father, and to take him in his arms;
and Jacob, who had now become an
old man, rejoiced that he had seen his
son again.
He had never ceased to mourn for
him, since that day when he thought he
had been killed in the Wilderness: and,
very likely, he had kept that little coat






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
of many colours all the time, to remind
him of his dear son.
When Joseph prepared to return, he
would not hear of his father or his
brethren leaving him, for he was able to
provide for them, and to give them land
and a place to dwell in, and room for
all their flocks and herds. So HE TOOK
HIS FATHER TO PHARAOH, THE KING,
and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. Pharaoh
asked Jacob how old he was, and Jacob
told him that he was a hundred and
thirty years old.
Then Joseph took care of his brethren
and of their children ; and, all the time
that the famine lasted, he bought and
sold food for the people of Egypt, and
kept them from want and hunger: and
the King was kind to Joseph's kindred,
and gave them possessions in the land
of Egypt, and they prospered in all
that they did, and Pharaoh made them
the rulers over his cattle.
The brethren of Joseph lived in a

























Dart of Egypt called Goshen, and they
grew very wealthy, and their families
increased greatly in numbers. Jacob
lived seventeen years after he went to
see Joseph, so that he was a hundred
and forty-seven years old.






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
Then Jacob felt that he should soon
die; and he sent for Joseph, and asked
him to promise that he should not be
buried in Egypt, but that he should be
carried to the tomb of his fathers, and
buried in their grave; for Abraham and
Isaac were buried in a cave that was
in a field near Mamre, in the land of
Canaan.
After this, a message came to tell
Joseph that his father was sick; and
Joseph took his two sons, Ephraim and
Manasseh, and went to see Jacob to
ask him to bless the two boys before he
died. Now Jacob's eyes were dim, so
that he could not see; but when Joseph
brought Manasseh to his right hand,
and Ephraim to his left hand, Jacob
crossed his hands, so that HE MIGHT
LAY HIS RIGHT HAND ON THE HEAD
oF EPiHRAIM, for he knew that Ephraim
would be the greatest.
Soon after this, Jacob called all his
sons to his bedside, and spoke to them,
























and told them of some things that should
happen to them and to their children.
Many of the words that he spoke to
them were words of sorrow and of re-
proof, for he knew what sort of men
they were, and he could tell what would


























come to pass after his death: and when
he had prayed for them, he died, and
his sons buried him in the sepulchre
which had been dug in the cave, near
Mamre, in the land of Canaan, so that
Israel lay with his fathers in the grave
SI-






THE HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
which had been made for them, in the
country that the Lord afterwards gave
to His people, and to their children's
children.
And when Joseph's brethren returned
from burying their father they thought
that Joseph would hate them, for what
they had done to him years before; but
Joseph sent for them, and when THEY
KNELT BEFORE HIM, he raised them up
and forgave them, and spoke kindly to
them; and while he lived, he took care
not only of them but of their children,
and they dwelt with him in Egypt.


































































I1 -













THE

HISTORY OF MOSES,

THE LAWGIVER.


A FTER the death of Jacob, who
was named Israel, his son Joseph,
then a governor in the land of Egypt,
where he was a friend of King Pharaoh,
sent for the other sons of Israel and their
children. There were eleven of these
brothers of Joseph, and they had fifty-
nine children; but Joseph loved them
all, and was the friend not only of their
children, but of their children's children.























After Joseph's death these people
grew in numbers and prosperity, so that
they filled a great part of the country of
Egypt; and when another King Pharaoh,
who knew nothing about Joseph, came
to the throne, he was afraid that the










a1













children of Israel would grow too power-
ful, and so he made slaves of them, and
set them to work in brickfields, and to
build his cities, and put taskmasters over
them, who used them very cruelly: but
the worse they were treated the greater






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
became their numbers, so that this King
Pharaoh told his servants, the Egyptians,
to kill every male child that was born
among them.
Now, there was a woman of the family
of Levi, who, when she heard of this
cruel order, hid her little baby son till
he was three months old; and then, find-
ing that she could hide him no longer,
she made a little ARK OR CRADLE OF
BULRUSHES, and smeared it outside with
clay and pitch, so that it would keep
dry; and then placed the boy in it, and
left him on the bank of the river amongst
the tall cool grass and rushes, telling his
sister to wait a little way off and watch.
It happened on that very day that the
daughter of King Pharaoh came down
to the river to bathe, and as she and her
maidens walked along the bank she saw
this little cradle among the flags and
grass, and sent one of the maidens to
fetch it. She went quite gently down to
the edge of the water and peeped at






"THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
the baby, then she gently lifted it
and carried it to her mistress. When
the ARK WAS BROUGHT TO PHARAOH'S
DAUGHTER, she opened it, and the babe
began to cry, and she pitied the poor
little fellow, though she knew that it was
one of the Hebrew children; and while
she was speaking, the girl who had been
left to watch it came up, and, without
saying that she was the child's sister,
asked if she should fetch one of the
Hebrew women to nurse it. Pharaoh's
daughter said, Go and fetch one ; and
she went and brought her mother. So
the boy was given to his own mother to
nurse till he grew stronger, and was able
to walk and to learn.
And Pharaoh's daughter called the
little boy her son, and, when he had
grown bigger, she took him to live at the
palace and called him Moses: and he
was taught many things, and learned so
quickly that he soon knew as much
as his teachers, and became like the
























Egyptians, who were a very great people,
with priests, and princes, and rulers, and
much learning. But when Moses was a
young man, he knew that he was one
of the Children of Israel, and he pitied
his people who were so oppressed; and,






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
one day, when he saw an Egyptian
beating one of these poor ill-treated
labourers, who were his brethren, HE
STRUCK THE EGYPTIAN AND KILLED HIM.
Then he was afraid, and hid the body
in the sand, and went home. The next
day he went out and saw two Hebrews
fighting together, and he thought it was
sad to see brethren fighting each other
while they were in such great distress,
but when he tried to part them one of
them asked him who made him a judge
over them, and said: Do you want to
kill me as you killed the Egyptian ?"
And Moses was still more afraid now
that this was known, for Pharaoh had
heard of it, and he was so angry with
Moses that he sent for him, and would
have killed him, but Moses fled from
Pharaoh into the land of Midian, where
he sat down by a well to rest. Now, the
Priest of Midian had seven daughters,
who took care of his sheep and drove
them out to drink, and they came down

























to this well to draw water; but some
rude shepherds, who came at the same
time, would not let them come near, but
drove them away when they tried to get
water for their sheep, so that they were
very much distressed, and the poor sheep


























were panting for drink. Moses, who
was still resting near the well, saw all
this; and, as he was strong and brave,
he jumped up and forced his way to the
well, and helped THE DAUGHTERS OF
K






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
THE PRIEST, AND DREW WATER FOR THEM,
and filled the troughs for their sheep.
Though the father of these young
women was a priest, his daughters went
out to keep the sheep, and worked in
the house; for, in those early times, each
had to help in the work of the family,
sons and daughters, and servants, all
doing their duties-some in the fields,
others in the bakehouse, and others with
the flocks and herds, or spinning and
weaving clothes.
When these young women went home
to their father, he said, How is it you
have returned so soon to-day ?" Then
they said: An Egyptian helped us, and
delivered us out of the hands of the shep-
herds, and drew water enough for us,
and watered our flocks." Then their
father said: "Where is he, and why
have you not asked him to come home,
that he may eat and drink; go at once,
and call him."
And the young women went and in-

























vited Moses to the house, and gave him
food and drink; and Moses stayed there
until he married one of the daughters,
who was named Zipporah, and she had
two sons.
Then Moses became a shepherd, and







THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
kept the flocks of his father-in-law; and,
one day, when he had led the flock to
the farther side of the great plain, he
came to Mount Horeb, and while he
was there he saw a bush near him break
out in flames; but though the FIRE WAS
IN THE MIDST OF THE BUSH, YET THE
BUSH WAS NOT BURNED. While he was
looking at this wonderful sight, the voice
of THE LORD came out of the
bush, calling him by his name, Moses,
Moses." And he said, Here am I."
And when Moses knew that it was the
Lord who called to him, he hid his face
and was afraid; but the Lord told him
that the wrongs of the people of Israel
should cease, and that he must go at
once to Pharaoh; and tell him that the
Lord God of their fathers would deliver
them.
But Moses was afraid, and said that
he was unfit to be the Lord's mes-
senger, because he was slow of speech.
And the Lord said that Aaron the






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
Levite, the brother of Moses, should
meet him, and should be a mouth to
him, and speak to the people, and that
they should be taught what to say to
Pharaoh and to the Children of Israel,
and what miracles Moses should per-
form to convince them of his wonderful
power.
Then Moses went back to Jethro, his
father-in-law, and prepared to depart
from Midian into Egypt, that he might
obey the word of the Lord, which had
told him that his life should be safe; and
HE TOOK HIS WIFE AND HIS SONS, AND
PLACED THEM ON AN ASS, AND SET OUT
UPON HIS JOURNEY. He was afraid to
stay any longer after the Lord had told
him to go and give His message to
Pharaoh; and he hoped that he should
meet Aaron, who would speak for him
both to Pharaoh and to the people.
When he reached the open country
called the Wilderness, between Midian
and Egypt, Moses saw Aaron coming.
























AARON had been instructed by God how
he should go with Moses to Pharaoh
the King, and ask him to let the people
of Israel go out of Egypt, and how
he should tell the people that the Lord
wou(l deliver them if they would follow












41|















MosEs and obey him. THEN AARON
MADE HASTE AND MET HIS BROTHER
SMOSES, AND KISSED HIM : and they went
together to the people of Israel, who,
after they had heard their words, believed
that the Lord would deliver them from






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
their afflictions, and lead them out of
the land of Egypt.
But when Moses and Aaron went to
Pharaoh, he would not believe, and re-
fused to let the people go, even though
they entreated him for three days' leisure
to go and sacrifice to God in the desert;
and instead of listening to the brothers
he rebuked them, and put the Children
of Israel to harder work, and under
more cruel taskmasters than before.
Then the people reproached Moses
and Aaron, because they had brought
fresh sorrow upon them; and Moses
cried to God for help, and the Lord said
that he would deliver them and send
great judgments upon Pharaoh, and
would make the Children of Israel His
own people.
And Moses and Aaron were told by
the Lord to go again to Pharaoh, and
that when Aaron cast down his rod it
should become a serpent; and they went,
and when the king asked for a miracle






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
that he might know that they spake
truly, the rod was cast down and at once
turned into a serpent. Still Pharaoh
would not believe, and he called his
wise men and sorcerers, or conjurers,
together, and they, when they had heard
what Aaron had done, contrived to show
that they could do the same, for they
brought rods and cast them down, and
they appeared to turn into serpents; but
AARON'S SERPENT SWALLOWED UP THEIR
SERPENTS.
Still Pharaoh grew more cruel and
unbelieving, and would not yield; and
Moses prayed him, time after time, to
let the people go; but he would not,
though every time he refused a fresh
judgment came upon the land. He had
refused to believe in a simple sign, and
so he was made to feel the power and
anger of the Lord. The waters of Egypt
were turned into blood, and there was
no water fit to drink for seven days, ex-
cept that which was dug for from the
























earth; and when this was ended and
Pharaoh still refused, great numbers of
frogs came over all the land, and filled
even the kneading-troughs and the ovens
where the bread was made; and after
these came a plague of lice; and then






THE HISTORY OF MOSES:
the very conjurers and sorcerers, who
had till that time opposed Moses and
Aaron, implored the king to let the
people go, for they could no more imi-
tate such miracles, which were wrought
not by man but by God: but Pharaoh
had grown obstinate, and would not let
them.
At last the Lord spoke again to
Moses, and sent word to the Children
of Israel that they should prepare to de-
part, for the last of the judgments should
come upon Egypt, after which Pharaoh
would let the people go. And the peo-
ple ate cakes of unleavened bread, and
were ready to go out of Egypt; and, on
the seventh day, each family killed a
lamb and roasted it for food, and they
took the blood and sprinkled it upon
their door-posts, as Moses told them;
and, that same night, ALL THE FIRST-
BORN CHILDREN OF THE PEOPLE OF EGYPT
DIED, and every house which was sprin-
kled with blood as a sign that it be-

























longed to the people of Israel was passed
over, so that none died there: and this
solemn season was called the Feast of
the Passover.
Then the ISRAELITES BEGGED OF THE
EGYPTIANS JEWELS, AND GOLD AND SILVER


















-4








ORNAMENTS, and clothing, and other things
that they required ; and the Egyptians
lent to them, glad that they were suffered
at last to go: and they went out, a great
host following Moses and Aaron, until
they came to the Red Sea, where they
L






THE HISTORY OF MOSES.
rested; for the Lord'had shown them
the way by causing a cloud to go before
them by day, and a bright light by night.
But Pharaoh was angry when he heard
that the people had gone; and with
chariots and horses, and a great part of
his army, he pursued the Israelites, and
overtook them on the very border of the
sea. Then the Children of Israel again
reproached Moses; but he cried'to the
Lord. and the Lord told him to stretch
out his hand over the sea, and he did
so; and THE LORD CAUSED THE WATERS
OF THE SEA TO DIVIDE, SO THAT THE
CHILDREN OF ISRAEL PASSED OVER ON
DRY LAND, with a wall of water on each
side. The Egyptians, with their chariots
and horses, pursued them, and went into
the very midst of the sea, trying to follow
the same way that had been opened for
the people of Israel; but their whole
host was in confusion, and, when the
morning came and they were yet in the
midst of the sea, the waters returned


























and overtook them, and their CHARIOTS
AND HORSEMEN WERE OVERTHROWN IN THE
WAVES, where they were all destroyed.
Yes, all the chariots, and the horsemen,
and the soldiers of the army of Pharaoh
were drowned in the waters of the Red






THE' HISTORY OF MOSES.
Sea; for, before they could turn to go
back again, the waves returned, and they
tried to struggle against them, but they
could not, and the chariot-wheels stuck
in the earth at the bottom of the sea, so
that the horses could not draw them;
and when the people of Israel had
crossed the sea, and turned to look for
their enemies, they saw that the waters
had rushed down upon them, and had
already begun to cast up the dead bodies
upon the shore. It was in this wonder-
ful way that God delivered his people as
he had promised to Moses, and now
they had no more fear of Pharaoh and
of their cruel taskmasters, for they were
no longer slave; Ibut free men. They
had left Egypt and its brickfields be-
hind, and were going on to a country
which would be their own and their
children's land.
Then the people of Israel rejoiced at
their deliverance, and sang a song of
praise to the Lord; and MIRIAM THE






THE HISTORY OF MOSESI
PROPHETESS, AARON'S SISTER, TOOK A
TIMBREL IN HER HAND, AND, FOLLOWED
BY THE WOMEN, SANG AND DANCED FOR
JOY.
After they left the shores of the Red
Sea, the people were led by Moses to a
place called Marah, but they could find
no water there except bitter water, which
tasted something like brine and was not
fit to drink, and they were very thirsty.
so that they began to be angry with
Moses, and to ask him what they should
do. Then Moses cried to the Lord to
ask what he should do to find drink for
the people, and the Lord showed him a
tree, and told him to throw it into the
water; and, when he had done so, the
bitter water became sweet, and the people
drank of it and slaked their thirst, so that
they could go on their way to Elim,
where they found twelve wells of water
and seventy beautiful palm trees, under
which they lay down to rest: and the
Lord told them that, if they would be-





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