Group Title: Warne's national books
Title: Naval enterprise
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028195/00001
 Material Information
Title: Naval enterprise illustrative of adventure, heroism, and endurance
Series Title: Warne's national books
Physical Description: 4, 252, 2 p., 11 leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 13 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Frederick Warne and Co ( Publisher )
Scribner, Welford & Armstrong ( Publisher )
Savill, Edwards and Co ( Printer )
Publisher: Frederick Warne and Co.
Scribner, Welford and Armstrong
Place of Publication: London
New York
Manufacturer: Savill, Edwards and Co.
Publication Date: 1875
Copyright Date: 1875
 Subjects
Subject: Naval history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Seafaring life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Sailors -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Voyages and travels -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1875   ( rbgenr )
Prize books (Provenance) -- 1875   ( rbprov )
Bldn -- 1875
Genre: Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
Prize books (Provenance)   ( rbprov )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
 Notes
General Note: Date of publication from inscription.
General Note: Publisher's advertisements follow text and on endpapers.
Statement of Responsibility: compiled and edited by the author of "Military enterprise" ; with illustrations, printed in colours from original designs.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00028195
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - ALH5266
oclc - 60654484
alephbibnum - 002234829

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Frontispiece. p. 8.
MR. WEBSTER DEFENDING THE BOY.








NAVAL ENTERPRISE.


ILLUSTRATIVE OF


ADVENTURE, HEROISM, AND

ENDURANCE.



COMPILED AND EDITED BY
THE AUTHOR OF "MILITARY ENTERPRISE."




WITH ILLUSTRATIONS,

nrifta b in colours from Original designs.




LONDON:
FREDERICK WARNE AND CO.
BEDFORD STREET, STRAND.
NEW YORK: SCRIBNER, WELFORD AND ARMSTRONG.



































LONDON:
SAVILL, EDWARDS AND CO.,. PRINTERS, CHANDOS STREET,

COVENT GARDEN.














PREFACE.



THE British natio has always been proud of its seamen-the
Right Hand of its Mighty Empire-and stories of their irresis-
tible valour, their generosity, and their gay good-humour, never
Fall on reluctant ears. It is hoped, therefore, that the young
generation who enjoy in peace the blessings our Navy earned at
the cost of much blood and suffering, will welcome these simple
records of Naval Enterprise, told chiefly in the very words of
the men who toiled and died for them; and that Poor Jack"
will thus gain that place in their estimation which he so richly
merits, and which he may chance somewhat to forfeit in these
piping times of peace.












NAVAL ENTERPRISE.




Anecdotes of Admiral Blake.
THE gallant Blake, after having compelled the Grand Duke of
Tuscany to make reparation for insults to the English, sailed from
Leghorn, and on the ioth of March arrived at Algiers, where, anchor-
ing his fleet without the Mole, he sent an officer to the Dey, to insist
upon the ships and subjects of England which had been taken being
restored. This demand the Dey instantly complied with. Blake then
sailed to Tunis, where he was not so cordially received. The Beyreplied
to his demand, Here are our castles of Colleta and Porto Ferino, you
may do your worst." The Tunisian soon paid dearly for his haughty
answer. Blake immediately entered the bay of Porto Ferino, and
brought his squadron up within musket-shot of the fort, which he
soon reduced to a defenceless state. The admiral then gave directions
for the boats of the fleet to be manned and armed, and boldly enter-
ing the harbour, they boarded and burnt nine of the pirate's capital
ships. On this service the English had twenty-five men killed and
forty wounded. Admiral Blake's next expedition was to Tripoli;
with this State he concluded an honourable peace, and sailed again
to Tunis. Fearing lest he should do more execution, the inhabitants
implored his mercy, and entreated him lo grant them a peace.
These glorious actions made the name of Blake as great a terror in
Asia and Africa, as it had been formidable in Europe.*
Before we leave this intrepid and heroic Englishman, it is but
justice to his memory to relate an anecdote of him, deserving of
record -viz., while he was lying at Malaga with the English fleet,
some of his sailors being on shore, ridiculed the host which they met
"* A Dutch admiral lying with a squadron at Cadiz at the same time with
Blake, struck his flag, and refused to hoist it, out of respect to the English
admiral.





2 ADMIRAL SPRAGGE.
in the street; the priest highly resented this insult to his religion,
and irritated the people to revenge themselves by beating the sailors
very severely. When they returned on board they complained to the
admiral, who sent a trumpet to the governor demanding the priest
to be sent on board to him. The governor returned for answer,
" that he had no power over the church, and could not send him."
Blake sent a second message to say that he would not enter into the
question who had power to send him, but that if he was not sent
within three hours, he would destroy the town. The inhabitants,
alarmed at this threat, obliged the governor to send the priest, who,
when he came on board, excused himself to the admiral by repre-
senting the improper behaviour of the sailors. Blake, with much
calmness and composure, told him, that if he had complained of
this outrage, he would have punished them severely; for he would
not suffer any of his men to affront the established religion of a place
where he touched; but he blamed him for setting on a mob of
Spaniards to beat them; that he would have him and the whole
world know, that none but an Englishman should chastise an Eng-
lishman."

Admiral Spragge.

Sir Edward Spragge, and the Dutch admiral, Van Tromp, had a
particular passion for overcoming each other, and in every battle in
which their ships were they mutually engaged, not," says Bishop
Parker, out of enmity, but of a thirst for glory." When Spragge
last went to sea, he had promised the king either to bring him Van
Tromp alive or dead, or perish in the attempt; and though, in the
action of the IIth of August, 1673, he was in the rear, and had
assured Prince Rupert that he would not part from him, yet being
challenged by Van Tromp, he laid his fore top-sail to the mast to
stay for him ; and having carried his squadron into action, continued
fighting with him for many hours, at a distance from the fleet. Sir
Edward was at first on board the Royal Prince, and Van Tromp in
the Golden Lion but after a contest of three hours, in which the
Dutch admiral always avoided a close fight, Sir Edward's ship was
so disabled that he was forced to go on board the St. George, as Van
Tromp, for the same reason, did on board the Comet. The fight was
then resumed between them, with greater fury than ever, until the
St. George was so battered, that Sir Edward was compelled to quit
it; and endeavouring to go on board the Royal Charles, his boat was
pierced by a cannon-shot, and he was drowned.
It is remarkable, that the Royal Prince, which Spragge first





EARL OF SAND WHICH. 3
quitted, after sustaining a long fight, and being reduced almost to a
perfect wreck, got safe into port. When Sir Edward left her, all the
masts were gone, the work of her upper tier of guns disabled, and
four hundred men killed. In this situation, a large Dutch man-of-
war bore down upon her with two fire-ships, resolving to burn, sink,
or take her. The first lieutenant ordered the colours to be struck,
and the men to shift for themselves; but the gunner, Mr. Richard
Leake, a bold determined man, ordered the lieutenant to quit the
deck, took the command himself, sunk the two fire-ships, forced the
man-of-war to sheer of, and bore his vessel into port, wreck as she
was. This Mr. Leake was the father of the afterwards celebrated
Sir Johr. Leake.
Sir Cloudesley Shovel.

Sir Cloudesley Shovel, whose melancholy shipwreck on the rocks
of Scilly is well known, was, when a boy, on board a ship com-
manded by Sir John Narborough, who during an action, expressed
"a very earnest wish to have some orders of consequence conveyed to
"a ship at a considerable distance. Shovel hearing this, immediately
undertook to convey it; and this he actually performed, swimming
through the enemy's line of fire, with the despatches in his mouth.

British Tars.

When a vessel commanded by Prince Rupert had sprung a leak,
and was filling with water so rapidly that there were no hopes of
saving her, his crew, consisting of about sixty men, entreated that he
would save himself by getting in the boat, and take with him who-
ever he might select to row it, telling him that he was destined and
appointed for future achievements. He refused for some time, but at
length quitted the vessel, and took as many in the boat as it would
carry, when the rest with the utmost courage remained in the vessel,
and it almost immediately sunk.

Earl of Sandwich.

On the breaking out of the second Dutch war in 1672, the Earl of
Sandwich went to sea with the Duke of York, and commanded the
blue division. They soon encountered the Dutch fleet, when the
gallant Earl, in the James of one hundred guns, led the van, and
commenced the action by a furious attack on Van Ghent's squadron;
B2





4 SIR JOHN HARMAN.
but not being well supported, he was left almost surrounded by the
enemy. After sinking one of the Dutch ships, disabling that of the
admiral, shattering five others, and lastly sinking three fire-ships that
were sent against him, a fourth fire-ship boarded the 7ames, and the
ship was soon in flames. The Earl, then in his seventy-seventh year,
previous to his going into action, had expressed his determination to
defend his ship to the last extremity. When he perceived that it was
impossible to save the vessel, he begged his captain, Sir Richard
Hadock, who was almost his only surviving officer, and the crew, to
get into the boats and save themselves, declaring that he would be
the last man to quit the ship. Many of the seamen however, with
a noble disdain of death that ought never to be forgotten, refused to
leave their admiral and (the ship blowing up soon after) perished
with him.
Duke of Albemarle.
The famous Duke of Albemarle, who was equally distinguished in
naval and military exploits, possessed personal courage in the highest
degree. When the Dutch fleet approached Chatham, the Duke
apprehending they would land, exposed himself to the hottest of their
fire, that his example might keep others to their duty, and defeat the
design of the enemy. When a person of distinction expostulated
with him on the danger to which he exposed himself, and would have
persuaded him to retire, he answered very coolly, Sir, if I had been
afraid of bullets, I should have quitted this trade of a soldier long
ago."
A Douglas.
A captain of the name of Douglas, who commanded the Royal Oak
when the Dutch sailed up the Medway, had received orders to defend
his ship to the last extremity, but none to retire ; and therefore when
his ship was set on fire, he chose rather to perish in her than quit his
station, exclaiming heroically, "A Douglas was never known to quit
his post without orders !"

Sir John Harman.
In the engagement between the English fleet under the Duke of
Albemarle, and the Dutch fleet commanded by De Ruyter and Van
Tromp, the Henry, commanded by Sir John Harman, was sur-
rounded and assailed from all quarters by the Zealand squadron ; so






ANSON WA YLA YS THE SPANISH GALLEON. 5
that Admiral Evertzen, who commanded it, hailed and offered him
quarter. "No, sir," said the gallant officer, "it has not come to that
yet." The next broadside killed the Dutch admiral, by which means
the squadron was thrown into confusion, and obliged to quit the
Henry, but the Dutch sent three fire-ships to burn her. One of them
grappled her starboard quarter, but the smoke was too thick to dis-
cern where the grappling irons had hooked, until the blaze had sub-
sided, when the boatswain resolutely jumped on board, disentangled
the irons, and instantly regained his own ship. Scarcely was this
effected, before another fire-ship boarded her on the larboard side:
the sails and rigging of the Henry taking fire, destruction seemed
inevitable, and several of the crew threw themselves into the sea.
Sir John Harman drawing his sword, threatened to kill any one who
should quit the ship. The resolution he displayed animated the
remaining crew, and by great exertions the flames were at length
extinguished. Sir John, although his leg was broken, continued on
deck giving directions, and sunk another fire-ship which was bearing
down upon him. In this crippled state he got into Harwich, and
repaired the damages his ship had sustained.

Admiral Benbow.

The gallant Admiral Benbow, when engaged with the French fleet
commanded by Du Casse, was shamefully deserted by the captains
of several of his vessels, at the moment when there was the best pros-
pect of a glorious victory. Two of these captains were afterwards
shot for cowardice, and the others cashiered.
In the heat of this engagement, and when he was wounded, one"
of his lieutenants consoled him for his misfortune. I am sorry for
it too," said the gallant Benbow ; but I would rather have lost both
my legs, than have seen this dishonour brought on the English
nation; but hear me, should another shot deprive me of life, behave
like men, and fight it out while the ship can swim." The admiral
was obliged to have his wounded leg amputated, and this operation
causing a fever, he died soon after, regretting in his last moments
the misconduct of his captains, which had robbed him of so fair an
opportunity of rendering an eminent service to his country.

Anson Waylays and Takes the Spanish Galleon.

Not discouraged by his former disasters, the commodore resolved
again to risk the casualties of the Pacific Ocean, in hopes of meeting






6 ANSON WA YLA YS THE SPANISH GALLEON.

the galleon; and he supposed, that instead of one annual ship from
Acapulco, there would be this year, in all probability, two ; since, by
being before Acapulco, he had prevented one of them from putting
to sea the preceding season. He therefore resolved to cruise for
these returning vessels off Cape Espiritu Santo, on the island of
Samal, which is the first land they always make at the Philippine
Islands; and the better to conceal his intentions, lest by any means
the enemy should become acquainted with them, he gave out at
Macao, that he was bound to Batavia, and from thence to England.
On the 19th of April, 1743, the Centurzon sailed from Macao, and
on the 2oth of May, arrived off Cape Espiritu Santo, their intended
station. Sensible of the weakness of his crew, and that success must
in a great measure depend on their discipline and skill, the commo-
dore ordered them to be exercised almost every day in working the
great guns, and in the use of their small arms. These precautions
were extremely necessary, as it was well known, that the galleons
were vessels of great force, and should they fall in with two of them,
as they ardently hoped for, the contest must necessarily be severe,
and they could only hope for success from their superior skill in the
management of their ship and arms.
On the 20th of June, being just a month after their gaining their
station, they were relieved from this state of uncertainty; for, at
sunrise, they discovered a sail from the mast-head in the S.E.
quarter. On this, a general joy spread through the whole ship; for
they had no doubt but this was one of the galleons, and they ex-
pected soon to descry the other. The commodore instantly stood
towards her, and at half an hour after seven they were near enough
to see her from the Cent/rion's deck ; at which time the galleon fired
a gun, and took in her topgallant-sails. This was supposed to be a
signal to her consort, to hasten her up, and, therefore, the Centurion
fired a gun to leeward to amuse her. The commodore was surprised
to find, that during all this interval the galleon did not change her
course, but continued to bear down upon him; for he hardly be-
lieved, what afterwards appeared to be the case, that she knew his
ship to be the Centurion, and resolved to fight him.
The particulars of the engagement with the galleon being given at
length in Commodore Anson's voyage, and everything relative to so
memorable a capture being interesting, we shall make an extract
from that work for the satisfaction of our readers :
At noon the commodore was little more than a league distant
from the galleon, and could fetch her wake, so that she could not
now escape ; and, no second ship appearing, it was concluded that
she had been separated from her consort. Soon after the galleon






ANSON WA YLA YS THE SPANISH GALLEON. 7
hauled up her foresail, and brought to under topsails, with her head
to the northward, hoisting Spanish colours, and having the standard
of Spain flying at the top-gallant masthead. Mr. Anson, in the
meantime, had prepared all things for an engagement on board the
Centurion, and had taken every possible measure, both for the most
effectual exertion of his small strength, and for the avoiding the
confusion and tumult too frequent in actions of this kind. He
picked out about thirty of his choicest hands and best marksmen,
whom he distributed into his tops, and who fully answered his ex-
pectation by the signal services they performed. As he had not
hands enough remaining to quarter a sufficient number to each great
gun, in the customary manner, he, therefore, on his lower tier, fixed
only two men to each gun, who were to be solely employed in load-
ing it, whilst the rest of the people were divided into different gangs
of ten or twelve men each, who were continually moving about the
decks, to run out and fire such guns as were loaded. By this
management he was enabled to make use of all his guns; and in-
stead of whole broadsides, with intervals between them, he kept up
a constant fire without intermission, whence he doubted not to
procure very signal advantages ; for it is common with the Spaniards
to fall down upon the decks, when they see a broadside preparing,
and to continue in that posture till it is given; after which they rise
again, and, presuming the danger to be for some time over, work
their guns, and fire with great briskness, till another broadside is
ready; but the firing gun by gun in the manner directed by the com-
modore, rendered this practice of theirs impossible.
The Centurion being thus prepared, and nearing the galleon
apace, there happened, a little after noon, several squalls of wind
and rain, which often obscured the galleon from their sight, but
whenever it cleared up, they observed her resolutely lying to. To-
wards one o'clock, the Centurion hoisted her broad pendant and
colours, she being then within gun-shot of the enemy; and the
commodore perceiving the Spaniards to have neglected clearing
their ship till that time, as he saw them throwing overboard cattle
and lumber, he gave orders to fire upon them with the chase guns,
to disturb them in their work, and to prevent them from completing
it, though his general directions had been not to engage before they
were within pistol-shot. The galleon returned the fire with two of
her stern chasers, and the Centurion getting her sprit-sail yard fore
and aft, that if necessary, she might be ready for boarding, the
Spaniards, in a bravado, rigged their sprit-sail yard fore and aft,
likewise. Soon after, the Centurion came abreast of the enemy
within pistol-shot, keeping to the leeward of them, with a view of






8 ANSON WA YLA YS THE SPANISH GALLEON.
preventing their putting before their wind, and gaining the port of
Jalapay, from which they were about seven leagues distant. And
now the engagement began in earnest, and for the first half hour
Mr. Anson over-reached the galleon and lay on her bow; where by
the great wideness of his ports, he could traverse almost all his guns
upon the enemy, whilst the galleon could only bring a part of hers
to bear. Immediately on the commencement of the action, the
mats, with which the galleon had stuffed her netting, took fire, and
burnt violently, blazing up half as high as the mizen-top. This
accident, supposed to be caused by the Centurion's wads, threw the
enemy into the utmost terror, and also alarmed the commodore;
for he feared lest the galleon should be burnt, and lest he himself
too might suffer by her driving on board him. However, the
Spaniards at last freed themselves from the fire, by cutting away the
netting, and tumbling the whole mass, which was in flames, into the
sea. All this interval the Centurion kept her first advantageous posi-
tion, firing her cannon with great regularity and briskness ; while at
the same time the galleon's decks lay open to her topmen, who, having
at their first volley, driven the Spaniards from their tops, made pro-
digious havoc with their small arms, killing or wounding every
officer but one that appeared on the quarter-deck, and wounding in
particular the general of the galleon himself.
"Thus the action proceeded for at least half an hour, but then
the Centurion lost the superiority arising from her original situation,
and was close alongside the galleon, and the enemy continued to
fire briskly for near an hour longer; yet even in this posture the
commodore's grape-shot swept their decks so effectually, and the
number of their slain and wounded became so considerable, that
they began to fall into great disorder, especially as the general, who
was the life of the action, was no longer capable of exerting himself,
Their confusion was visible from on board the commodore; for the
ships were so near, that some of the Spanish officers were seen
running about with much assiduity, to prevent the desertion of their
men from their quarters; but all their endeavours were in vain, for,
after having, as a last effort, fired five or six guns with more judg-
ment than usual, they yielded up the contest; and the galleon's
colours being singed off the ensign's staff in the beginning of the
engagement, she struck the standard at her main-top gallant mast-
head ; the person who was employed to perform this office had been
in imminent peril of being killed, had not the commodore, who per-
ceived what he was about, given express orders to his people to
desist from firing."






ANECDOTE OF A BRITISH SAILOR. 9

Anecdote of Captain Hood.

At the time of the evacuation of Toulon, Captain Hood com-
manded the 7uno frigate on that station : previous to that event he
had sailed on a cruise. When he returned to port, unconscious of
what had happened in his absence, he sailed into the harbour and
anchored without being aware of his dilemma. The evening was
hazy, with heavy rains ; no colours were displayed on the batteries,
or if they were they were not visible, or were English. A boat came
alongside; several Frenchmen of the new municipality came on
board; they were asked for news, and perceiving the mistake that
still reigned, they conversed with him as if they belonged to the
British Government. By good fortune the tri-colour cockade in the
hat of one of them caught his eye, and he saw the treacherous ten-
dency of their visit. On this, with great presence of mind, having
set before them some refreshments, he went on deck and commu-
nicated to the officers and crew the situation of the ship, gave orders
to slip the cable, and make all possible exertion to sail out of the
harbour. This he effected in defiance of a heavy cannonade from
the fort and batteries as he passed, and soon after joined the fleet
under the command of Lord Hood, with the welcome account of
his adventure and fortunate escape.

Anecdote of a British Sailor.

The following anecdote is related of a British sailor at the attack
of the Helder, the authenticity of which can only be ascertained by
those who were present; it is, however, truly characteristic of these
intrepid fellows when on service and in the face of an enemy.
This man was one of the detachment of seamen sent on shore to
assist in drawing the artillery up the beach. The party employed on
this service was covered by a body of grenadiers, one of whom having
dropped, Jack started from his gun, and examined the body ; ex-
claiming with an oath, that he was a dead man, he said he would
take his place; and having stripped off the grenadier's belt and car-
touch box, and equipped himself therewith, he seized his firelock and
began loading and firing at the enemy; he discharged his piece six
times, at each time bringing down his man. At length he dropped
himself, and was carried on board the hospital ship to have his leg am-
putated, having received a ball through his knee. This was not all;
he was told that he must be brought to trial for having deserted his






io SHIPWRECK OF LES DROITS DE L'HOMME.
post, and taken upon him a task out of the line of his duty. But
please, your honour," replied this gallant fellow, I killed six of them."
" That may be," said his captain, "but you fled from your quarters."
"Then, please your honour," rejoined Jack in the simplicity of his
heart, forgive me this once, and I will kill no more of them."

Anecdote of Lord Duncan.

Previous to the battle off Camperdown, and during the awful
moments of preparation, he called all his officers upon deck, and in
their presence prostrated himself in prayer before the God of Hosts,
committing himself and them, with the cause they maintained, to his
sovereign protection, his family to his care, his soul and body to the
disposal of his Providence, and then rising from his knees, he gave
the command to make the attack.

Shipwreck of Les Droits de l'Hommne.

On the 5th of January, 1797, returning home on leave of absence for
the recovery of my health, from the West Indies, in the Cumberland
letter-of-marque, we saw a large man-of-war off the coast of Ireland,
being then within four leagues of the mouth of the river Shannon.
She hoisted English colours, and decoyed us within gun-shot, when
she substituted the tri-coloured flag, and took us. She proved to be
Les Droits de I'Homme, of 74 guns, commanded by ci-devant Baron,
now Citoyen La Crosse, and had separated from a fleet of men-of-
war, on board of which were 20,000 troops intended to invade
Ireland ; on board of this ship was General Humbert, who after-
wards effected a descent in Ireland with 900 troops and 600 seamen.
On the 7th of January we went into Bantry Bay to see if any of the
squadron was still there, and on finding none, the ship proceeded to
the southward; nothing extraordinary occurred until the evening of
the I3th, when two men-of-war hove in sight, which proved after-
wards to be the Indefatigable and Amazon frigates. It is rather
remarkable that the captain of the ship should inform me that the
squadron which was going to engage him, was Sir Edward Pellew's,
"Narrative of the dreadful shipwreck of Les Droits de 'Homme, a
French ship, of 74 guns, driven on shore on the z4th of January, 1797, after
a severe action with the Indefatigable and Amazon frigates, under the com-
mand of Sir Edward Pellew and Captain Reynolds. By Elias Pipon, Lieut.
63rd Regt."






SHIPWRECK OF LES DROITS DE L'IYO.l.11E7. I
and declared, as was afterwards proved by the issue, that he would
not yield to any two English frigates, but would sooner sink his
ship with every soul on board ;" the ship was cleared for action,
and we English prisoners, consisting of three infantry officers, two
captains of merchantmen, two women, and forty-eight seamen and
soldiers, were conducted down to the cable-tier, at the foot of the
foremast.
The action began with opening the lower-deck ports, which, how-
ever, were spon shut again, on account of the great sea (I must here
observe that this ship was built on a new construction, considerably
longer than men-of-war of her rate, and her lower-deck, on which
she mounted thirty-two pounders, French, equal to forty-pounders,
English, was two feet and a half lower than usual), which occasioned
the water to rush in to that degree, that we felt it running on the cables.
The situation of the ship before she struck on the rocks has
been fully elucidated by Sir Edward Pellew, whose letter, dated
January I7th, 1797, we subjoin :--
I have the honour to make known to you, for the information of
the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that on Friday last, the
13th instant, at half-past noon, in latitude 47 deg. 30 min. N., Ushant
bearing N.E. fifty leagues, we discovered a large ship in the N.W.
quarter, steering under easy sail for France; the wind was then at
west blowing hard, with thick hazy weather. I instantly made the
signal to the Amazon for a general chase, and followed it by the
signal that the chase was an enemy. At four P.M. the Ihdefdig,1'7
had gained sufficiently on the chase for me to distinguish very clearly,
that she had two tiers of guns, with her lower-deck ports shut, and
that she had no poop.
"At fifteen minutes before six we brought the enemy to close
action, which continued to be well supported on both sides near an
hour, when we unavoidably shot ahead; at this me ment the A.4m,,,zoi,
appeared astern, and gallantly supplied our place ; but the eagerness
of Captain Reynolds to second his friend had brought him up under
a press of sail, and, after a well supported and close fire for a little
time, he also unavoidablyshot ahead. The enemy, who had nearly
effected running me on board, appeared to be much larger than the
Indefatigable, and from her very heavy fire of musketry, I believe
was full of men. This fire was continued until the end of the action
with great vivacity, although she frequently defended both sides of
the ship at the same time.
"As soon as we had replaced some necessary rigging, and the
Amazon had reduced her sail, we commenced a second attack,
placing ourselves, after some raking broadsides, upon each quarter ;






12 SHIPWRECK OF LES DROITS DE L'HOMME.
and this attack, often within pistol-shot, was by both ships unre-
mitted for above five hours ; we then sheered off to secure our masts.
It would be needless to relate to their Lordships, every effort that we
made in an attack that commenced at a quarter before six P.M. and
did not cease, excepting at intervals, until half-past four A.M. I
believe ten hours of more severe fatigue was scarcely ever ex-
perienced; the sea was high; the people on the main-deck up to
their middles in water; some guns broke their breechings four times
over, some drew the ring-bolts from the sides, and many of them
were repeatedly drawn immediately after loading; all our masts were
much wounded, the maintop-mast completely unrigged, and saved
only by uncommon alacrity.
"At about twenty minutes past four, the moon opening rather
brighter than before, showed to Lieutenant George Bell, who
was watchfully looking out on the forecastle, a glimpse of the
land; he had scarcely reached me to report it when we saw the
breakers. We were then close under the enemy's starboard bow,
and the Amazon as near her on the larboard; not an instant could
be lost, and every life depended upon the prompt execution of my
orders; and here it is with heartfelt pleasure I acknowledge the full
value of my officers and ship's company, who with incredible alacrity
hauled the tacks on board, and made sail to the southward. The
land could not be ascertained, but we took it to be Ushant, and in
the Bay of Brest; crippled as we were, I had no particular fears,
but before day, we again saw breakers on the lee bow ; the ship was
instantly wore to the northward; and being satisfied that the land
we had before seen was not Ushant, the lingering approach of day-
light was most anxiously looked for by all, and soon after it opened,
seeing the land very close ahead, we again wore to the southward
in twenty fathoms water, and a few minutes after discovered the
enemy, who had so bravely defended herself, lying on her broad-
side, and a tremendous surf beating over her. The miserable fate
of her brave but unhappy crew was perhaps the more sincerely
lamented by us from the apprehension of suffering a similar mis-
fortune. We passed her within a mile, in a very bad condition,
having at that time four feet water in our hold, a great sea, and the
wind dead on shore; but we had ascertained, beyond a doubt, our
situation to be that of Hodierne Bay, and that our fate depended
upon the possible chance of weathering the Penmark Rocks. Ex-
hausted as we were with fatigue, every exertion was made, and
every inch of canvas set that could be carried, and at eleven A.M. we
made the breakers, and by the blessing of God, weathered the
Penmark Rocks about half a mile.





SHIPWRECK OF LES DROITS DE L'HOMME. 13
"The Amazon had hauled her wind to the northward, when we
stood to the southward; her condition, I think, was better than
ours, and I knew that her activity and exertions were fully equal to
any that could be effected under similar circumstances; the judg-
ment with which she was managed during so long an action, and
the gallantry of her attacks, could not but merit the highest com-
mendation, and to the heart of a friend it was peculiarly gratifying.
I have full as much reason to speak highly of my own officers and
men, to whom I owe infinite obligations. The Lieutenants Thomp-
son, Norway, and Bell; Lieutenants O'Connor and Wilson, of the
Marines, and Mr. Thompson, the master, have abundant claims
upon my gratitude, as well as every inferior officer in the ship. The
sufferings of the Amazon are unknown to me; and I am singularly
happy to say that my own are inconsiderable."
At about four in the morning, says Lieut. Pipon, a dreadful
convulsion at the foot of the fore-mast, aroused us from a state of
anxiety for our fate, to the idea that the ship was sinking It was
the fore-mast that fell over the side; in about a quarter of an hour
an awful mandate from above was re-echoed from all parts of the
ship, Pauvres Anglais pauvres Anglais / IMontez bien vite, nous
sommes tous ferdus!" Every one rather flew than climbed up.
Though scarcely able to move before, from sickness, I now found
an energetic strength in all my frame, and soon gained the upper
deck, but oh ,what a sight! dead, wounded, and living, intermingled
in a state too shocking to describe; not a mast standing, a dreadful
loom of the land, and breakers all around us. The Indefatigable, on
the starboard quarter, appeared standing off in a most tremendous
sea, from the Penmark Rocks, which threatened her with instant
destruction. To the great humanity of her commander those few
persons who survived the shipwreck were indebted for their lives, for
had another broadside been fired, the commanding situation of the
Indefatigable must have swept off at least a thousand men. On the
larboard side was seen the Amazon, within two miles, just struck
on the shore-our own fate drew near. The ship struck ; shrieks,
horror, and dismay were heard from all quarters, whilst the merci-
less waves tore from the wreck many early victims. Daylight ap-
peared, and we beheld the shore lined with people who could render
us no assistance. At low water rafts were constructed, and the boats
got in readiness to be hoisted out. The dusk arrived, and an awful
night ensued. The dawn of the second day brought with it still
severer miseries than the first, for the wants of nature could hardly
be endured any longer, having been already near thirty hours without
any means of subsistence, and no possibility of procuring them. At





14 SHIPWRECK OF LES DROITS DE L'HOJDIE.
low water a small boat was hoisted out, and an English captain and
eight sailors succeeded in getting to the shore. Elated at the success
of these men, all thought their deliverance at hand, and many
launched out on their rafts, but ah death soon ended their hopes.
Another night renewed our afflictions. The morn of the third
day, fraught with greater evils than ever, appeared ; our continued
sufferings made us exert the last effort, and we English prisoners
tried every means to save as many fellow-creatures as laid in our
power. Larger rafts were constructed, and the largest boat was got
over the side. The first consideration was to lay the surviving
wounded, the women, and helpless men, in the boat, but the idea
of equality, so fatally promulgated among the French, lost them all
subordination, and nearly one hundred and twenty jumped into the
boat, in defiance of their officers, and sunk it. The most dreadful
sea that I ever saw, seemed at that fatal moment to add to the cala-
mity ; nothing of the boat was seen for a quarter of an hour, when
the bodies floated in all directions; then appeared, in all the horrors
of sight, the wreck, the shores, the dying, and the drowned I Inde-
fatigable in acts of humanity, an adjutant-general (Renier) launched
himself into the sea, to obtain succours from the shore, and was
drowned in the attempt.
Already near one-half of the people had perished, when the fourth
night renewed in its horrors all our miseries. Weak, distracted, and
wanting everything, we envied the fate of those whose lifeless corpses
no longer wanted sustenance. The sense of hunger was already
lost, but a parching thirst consumed our vitals. Recourse was had
to salt water, which only increased the want ; half a hogshead of
vinegar indeed floated up, and each had half a wine-glass, which
gave a momentary relief, yet soon left us again in the same state of
dreadful thirst. Almost at the last gasp every one was dying with
misery, and the ship, which was now one-third shattered away from
the stern, scarcely afforded a grasp to hold by, to the exhausted and
helpless survivors.
The fourth day brought with it a more serene sky, and the sea
seemed to subside, but to behold from fore to aft the dying in all
directions, was a sight too shocking for the feeling mind to endure.
Almost lost to a sense of humanity, we no longer looked with pity
on those who were the speedy forerunners of our own fate, and a
consultation took place to sacrifice some one to be food for the
remainder. The die was going to be cast, when the welcome sight
of a man-of-war brig renewed our hopes. A cutter speedily followed,
and both anchored at a short distance from the wreck. They then
sent their boats to us, and by means of large rafts about one hundred





ANECDOTE OF CAPTAIN TIMOTHY ED WARDS. 15
and fifty, of near four hundred who attempted it, were saved by the
brig that evening. Three hundred and eighty were left to endure
another night's misery, when, dreadful to relate, above one-half were
found dead next morning.
I was saved at about ten o'clock on the morning of the i8th, with
my two brother officers, the captain of the ship, and General Hum-
bert. They treated us with great humanity on board the cutter, by
giving us a little weak brandy and water every five or six minutes,
after which a basin of good soup. I fell on the locker in a kind of
trance for near thirty hours, swelled to such a degree as to require
medical aid to restore my decayed faculties. We were taken to
Brest almost naked, having lost all our baggage. Where they gave us
a rough shift of clothes, and in consequence of our sufferings, and
the help we afforded in saving many lives, a cartel was fitted out by
order of the French Government, to send us home without ransom
or exchange. We arrived at Plymouth on the 7th of March
following.
To that Providence, whose great workings I have experienced on
this most awful trial of human afflictions, be ever offered the tribute
of my praise and thanksgiving.

Anecdote of Captain Timothy Edwards.

This truly brave but eccentric man possessed many singularities,
which could, however, scarcely be deemed otherwise than virtuous,
or bright points in his character as a naval commander. One anec-
dote we have heard of him is, that, previous to his going into some
action, he literally ordered the colours to be nailed to the ensign-
staff, and from thence acquired, among the seamen, the whimsical
name of old Hammer and Nails. Another is, that being struck
down by a splinter, he lay for some time on the deck, completely
motionless, insomuch that all those round him, concluding him dead,
were bewailing, in their uncouth but affectionate terms, his disaster.
Stunned as he was, he soon recovered his recollection, but lay
without appearance of life for a few moments, till at length one of
his people uttering an exclamation of grief, whimsically expressed,
at his fate, saying he was certainly dead, Captain Edwards jumped
instantly on his feet and exclaimed, It's a lie, by heaven fire away,
my lads."







Admiral Hopson taking a Flag.
Bonchurch village, in the Isle of Wight, claims the honour of
having been the birthplace of the gallant Admiral Hopson, who,
from a common sea-boy, rose to a high rank in the Navy, and was
much celebrated in the reign of Queen Anne.
The history of this extraordinary character is as follows: He-was
left an orphan at an early age, and apprenticed by the parish to a
tailor ; a species of employment ill suited to his enterprising spirit.
As he was one day sitting alone on the shopboard, with his eyes di-
rected towards the sea, he was struck with the appearance of a
squadron of men-of-war coming round Dunnose; following the first
impulse of his fancy, he quitted his work and ran down to the beach ;
where he cast off the painter from the first boat he saw, jumped on
board, and plied the oars so well, that he quickly reached the ad-
miral's ship, where he entered as a volunteer, turned the boat adrift,
and bade adieu to his native place. Early the next morning the
admiral fell in with a French squadron, and in a few hours a warm
action commenced, which was fought on both sides with equal
bravery. During this time Hopson obeyed his orders with great
cheerfulness and alacrity; but after fighting two hours he became
impatient, and inquired of the sailors, whatwas the object for which
they were contending ? On being told the action must continue till
the white rag at the enemy's mast-head was struck, he exclaimed,
"Oh if that's all, I'll see what I can do." At this moment the ships
were engaged yard-arm and yard-arm, and obscured in the smoke
of the guns. Our young hero, taking advantage of this circumstance,
determined either to haul down the enemy's colours, or to perish in
the attempt. He accordingly mounted the shrouds unperceived,
walked the horse of the main-yard, gained that of the French ad.
miral, and ascending with agility to the maintop-gallant-masthead,
struck and carried off the French flag, with which he retreated ; and
at the moment he regained his own ship, the British tars shouted
"Victory," without any other cause than that the enemy's flag had
disappeared. The crew of the French ship, being thrown into con-
fusion, in consequence of the loss of the flag, ran from their guns ;
and while the admiral and officers, equally surprised at the event,
were endeavouring to rally them, the British tars seized the oppor-
tunity, boarded the vessel, and took her. Hopson at this juncture
descended the shrouds, with the French admiral's flag wound round
his arm, and displayed it triumphantly to the sailors on the main
deck ; who received his prize with the utmost rapture and astonish-





HOWE'S ENGAGEMENT WITH THE ALCIDE. r7
ment. This heroic action reaching the quarter-deck, Hopson was
ordered to attend there ; and the officers, far from giving him credit
for his gallantry, gratified their envy by browbeating him, and
threatening him with punishment for his audacity : but the admiral,
on hearing of the exploit, observed a very opposite conduct. My
lad (said he to Hopson), I believe you to be a brave young man :
from this day I order you to walk the quarter-deck ; and according to
your future conduct, you shall obtain my patronage and protection.'
Hopson soon convinced his patron, that the countenance shown him
was not misplaced. He went rapidly through the several ranks of
the service until he became an admiral ; and so great was the con-
fidence which his Sovereign placed in his conduct, that she gave him
the command of a squadron, with a commission to cruise at his own
discretion. In this service he acquitted himself to the satisfactionof
his royal mistress, and became the pride of the British Navy.

Howe's Engagement with the Alcide.

The Government of Great Britain, roused by the intelligence that
a powerful armament was preparing in the ports of Rochefort and
Brest, which was destined for America, ordered a squadron to be im-
mediately equipped: and towards the end of April, 1755, Admiral
Boscawen sailed with eleven ships of the line, and one frigate. But
more certain and particular intelligence arriving soon after, respecting
the strength of the French fleet, which consisted of twenty-five ships
of the line, besides frigates and transports, commanded by E. Bois
de la Mothe ; Admiral Holburne was detached with six ships of the
line, and one frigate, to reinforce him. In this fleet Captain Howe
had the comriand of the Dunkirk, of 60 guns ; to which ship he had
been appointed in March. The British Admiral with a view to
obstruct the passage of the French fleet into the Gulf of St. Law-
rence, took his station off the banks of Newfoundland ; but, under
cover of the thick fogs, which so commonly prevail in those northern
latitudes, the French commander eluded his vigilance. However,
whilst the British fleet lay off Cape Race, which is the southernmost
point of Newfoundland, and was thought to be a situation the best
adapted for intercepting the enemy, on the 8th of June at sunrise,
the fog clearing up, there appeared the A cide, of 64 guns, and the
Lys, pierced for 54, but mounting only 22, having eight companies
of land forces on board. These ships had been separated from the
rest of the fleet, under M. Bois de la Mothe, in the fog.
Captain Howe, with a press of sail, came first alongside the stern-
C






18 HO WE'S ENGAGEMENT WITH THE ALCIDE.
most ship, the Alcide, at twelve o'clock ; and hailing the captain,
delivered his orders, that he should go immediately under the English
admiral's stern. Monsieur Hoquart quaintly asked whether it was
peace or war. Captain Howe repeated his orders; and generously
exclaimed, Prepare for the worst, as I expect every moment a signal
from the flag-ship to fire upon you, for not bringing to." The ships
being now close together, Captain Howe had an opportunity of seeing
the officers, soldiers, and ladies, who were assembled on the deck.
He, on this took off his hat, and told them in French, that as he
presumed they could have no personal concern in the contest, he
begged they would leave the deck ; adding, that he only waited for
their retiring to begin the action. Captain -Howe then for the last
time demanded that the Frenchman should go under the English
admiral's stern. Monsieur Hoquart still vehemently refusing, was
informed that the signal was out to engage. He replied, with the
civility and sangfroid of his nation, Commencez, s'il vous plait! to
which Captain Howe answered, S'il vous plait, Monsieur, de com-
mencer! Orders to begin the action were given by both nearly at
the same instant. After the first broadside, the most dreadful groans,
and screams, were heard from the Alcide : every shot of the Dunkirk
went through, all her guns being double shotted with round shot.
In about half an hour the Alcide struck to the Dunkirk, her inferior
in rate, guns, and men. Captain Howe, perceiving this, generously
exclaimed, My lads they have behaved like men, treat them like
men !"-The Lys surrendered to the Defiance, Captain Andrews.
Thus did Captain Howe strike the first blow of that memorable
war, in which the naval honours of Great Britain were carried to a
higher pitch than had been yet attained. The Alcide had on board
nine hundred men, chiefly land forces. The general was killed. The
governor of Louisburg and four officers of note were taken prisoners,
with 30,ooo/. sterling. We have inserted an interesting letter,
written by an officer on board the Dunkirk, to give our readers a
more correct and adequate idea of this memorable action.
Dunkirk at Sea, 5une 13, 1755.
"You know we sailed from Plymouth the 27th day of April. We
spoke but with two ships till we made Newfoundland, which was the
first day of June : where we cruised about to meet the French fleet.
On Saturday, June the 7th, we made a sail; and as our ship is the
best sailer, we gave chase, by signals from the admiral. They made
all the sail from us they could crowd. Our fleet followed us ; but,
as we sailed best, it came to our lot to engage, which we had orders
to do if they did not comply with our directions. On Sunday, about





HOWE'S ENGAGEMENT WITH THE ALCIDE. 19
noon, we came alongside the Commodore, a new ship of 64 guns
(the other two made sail and ran away). While he spoke with us,
our captain ran so close to him that we were yard-arm and yard-arm,
We had cleared our ship for order of fighting; so had the French-
man. Our captain ordered him to go down, under our admiral's
stern to speak to him, which he refused to do, upon which our cap-
tain gave orders for firing; but first observing a great number of land
officers standing upon deck, in a very dangerous place, generously
warned them of the peril they were exposed to ; and advised them,
as it was not their duty to defend the ship, to remove out of the way
before he began the engagement, which advice they accordingly
took ; and then poured in a full broadside, and a volley of small arms,
which he as readily returned: and so the pastime began, which
lasted nearly two glasses, with as much fury on both sides as all
judges of the fleet ever knew : when, to the glory of the Dunkirk,
she struck just as our fleet came up to us. The first broadside we
silenced three of her lower deck guns, and killed forty of their men,
and seven officers; which, with what we killed afterwards, made her
an entire slaughter-house. She had 700 men, and we had but 420,
boys and all. We had our first lieutenant wounded, and seven men
killed, and about as many wounded ; but she has trimmed our sides
pretty well, for her shot has pierced us through in a great many
places. Our mainmast is shot through, our maintop-mast shivered,
most of our sails so wounded we are forced to bend new ones; all
our booms, spare masts, and yards, shot to pieces ; our rigging, when
we return, must be all new ; our barge and yawl shot full of holes;
we had one shot between wind and water.
The Dunkirk's guns, in the above skirmish, were all double
shotted every round ; and being yard-arm and yard-arm, did such
terrible execution, that the officers of the Alcide could not keep the
men to their quarters ; and ran one of them through in order to keep
the others steady; but all would not do, the Frenchmen not liking
such warm work; and Monsieur le Commodore himself, when he was
brought prisoner on board the Dunkirk, told our brave Captain
Howe, that it was cruel to engage so very close !"
It was about this period that Captain Howe was hastily awakened
in the middle of the night by the lieutenant of the watch, who in-
formed him in great agitation, that the ship was on fire near the gun
room. "If that be the case," said this resolute officer, rising
leisurely to put on his clothes, we shall soon know it." The lieute-
nant flew back to the scene of danger, and instantly returning, ex-
claimed-" You need not, sir, be afraid, the fire is extinguished."
"Afraid !" exclaimed Captain Howe, what do you mean by that,
C2





20 LOSS OF THE TRIBUNE.
sir ? I never was afraid in my life;" and looking the lieutenant full in
the face, he added, "How does a man feel, sir, when he is afraid ?
I need not ask how he looks."

Loss of the Tribune.

La Tribune was one of the finest frigates in his Majesty's service,
mounted 44 guns, and had been lately captured by Captain Williams,
in the Unicorn frigate. She was commanded by Captain S. Barker,
and sailed from Torbay the 22nd of September, 1797, as convoy to
the Quebec and Newfoundland fleets. In lat. 490 14' long. 170 22',
she fell in and spoke with his Majesty's ship Experiment from
Halifax, out twelve days. She lost sight of all her convoy October
io, in lat. 460 16' long. 32 II'. On Thursday morning they discovered
the harbour of Halifax about eight o'clock; and the wind being E.S.E.
they approached it very fast, when Captain Barker proposed to the
master to lay the ship to till they could obtain a pilot. The master re-
plied, that he had beat a 44 gun ship into the harbour, that he had
been frequently there, nor was there any occasion for a pilot as the
wind was favourable." Confiding in these assurances, Captain Barker
went below, and was for a time employed in arranging some papers
he wished to take on shore with him ; the master in the meantime
taking upon him the pilotage of the ship, and placing great depen-
dence on the judgment of a negro man, by the name of John Cosey,
who had formerly belonged to Halifax. About 12 o'clock the ship
had approached so near the Thrum Cap shoals, that the master
became alarmed, and sent for Mr. Galvin, the master's mate, who
was sick below. On his coming upon deck, he heard the man in the
chains sing out By the mark five !" the black man forward at the
same time singing out Steady." Galvin got on one of the carro-
nades to observe the situation of the ship; the master, in much
agitation, ran up to the wheel and took it from the man who was
steering, with an intent to wear the ship ; but before this could be
effected, or Galvin was able to give an opinion, she struck. Captain
Barker instantly came on deck, and reproached the master with
having lost the ship. Seeing Galvin also on deck, he addressed him,
and said, that knowing he had formerly sailed out of this harbour,
he was much surprised he could stand by and see the master run the
ship on shore. Galvin informed the captain he had not been on
deck long enough to give an opinion.
Signals of distress were immediately made, and answered by the
military posts, and the ships in the harbour. Boats from all the





LOSS OF THE TRIBUNE. 2

military posts, from his Majesty's ships, and the dockyard, proceeded
to the relief of La Tribune. The military boats, and one of the boats
from the dockyard, with Mr. Rackum, boatswain of the Ordinary,
reached the ship ; but the other boats, though making the greatest
exertions, were not able, the wind being so much against them, to
get on board. The ship was immediately lightened by throwing all
her guns, excepting one retained for signals, overboard, and every
other heavy article, so that about half-past eight o'clock in the even-
ing the ship began to heave, and about nine she got off from the
shoals. She had before, at about five or six o'clock, lost her rudder,
and on examination it was now found she had seven feet water in
the hold. The chain pumps were immediately manned, and such
exertions made, that they seemed to gain on the leaks, and, by the
advice of Mr. Rackum, the captain ordered to let go the best bower-
anchor. This was done, but it did not bring her up. The captain
then ordered them to cut the cable ; and the jib and foretop-mast
staysail were hoisted to steer by. All this time the violent gale
which had come on from the S.E. kept increasing, and carrying
them to the western shore. In a short time the small bower anchor
was let go, at which time they found themselves in about thirteen
fathoms water; the mizen-mast was then cut away.
It was now about ten o'clock ; and the water gaining fast upon
them, little hope remained of saving the ship or their lives. At this
critical period, Lieutenant Campbell quitted the ship. Lieutenant
North was taken into the boat out of one of the ports. Lieutenant
James, of the Royal Nova Scotia regiment, not being found,
was so unfortunate as to remain, and, to the great distress of his
worthy parents and friends, shared the general fate. From the period
when Lieutenant Campbell quitted the ship, all hopes of safety had
vanished ; the ship was sinking fast, the storm was increasing with
redoubled violence, and the rocky shore to which they were ap-
proaching, resounding with the tremendous noise of the billows
which rolled towards it, presented nothing to those who might survive
the calamity, but the expectation of a more painful death, from being
dashed against those tremendous precipices which, even in the
calmest day it is almost impossible to ascend. Dunlap, one of the
survivors, declared that at about half-past ten, as nearly as he could
conjecture, one of the men who had been below came to him on the
forecastle, and told him it was all over. In a few minutes after the
ship took a lurch, as a boat will when nearly filled with water and
going down; immediately on which Dunlap began to ascend the
fore shrouds, and at the same moment casting his eyes towards the
quarter-deck, saw Captain Barker standing by the gangway, and






22 LOSS OF THE TRIBUNE.
looking into the water, and directly after heard him call for the jolly-
boat. At the same time he saw the lieutenant of marines running
towards the taffrail, he supposed to look for the jolly-boat, as she
had been previously let down with men in her; but instantly the
ship took a second lurch, and sunk to the bottom; after which
neither the captain nor any other of the officers were seen.
The scene, sufficiently distressing before, became now peculiarly
awful; more than 240 men, besides several women and children,
were floating on the waves, making their last effort to preserve their
existence. Dunlap, whom we have before mentioned, gained the
foretop. Mr. Galvin, the master's mate, after incredible difficulty
got into the maintop-he was below when the ship sunk, directing
the men at the chain-pump, but was washed up the hatchway, thrown
into the waste, and from thence into the water, and his feet as
he plunged struck a rock; on ascending, he swam to gain the
main shrouds, when he was suddenly seized hold of by three men ;
he now thought he was lost; to disengage himself from them, he
made a dive into the water, which induced them to quit their hold;
on rising again he swam to the shrouds, and arriving at the main-
top, seated himself on an arm-chest which was lashed to the mast.
From the observations of Mr. Galvin from the maintop, and Mr.
Dunlap in the foretop, it appears that near one hundred persons
were for a considerable time hanging to the shrouds, the tops, and
other parts of the wreck ; but from the extreme length of the night,
and the severity of the storm, nature became exhausted, and they
kept at all periods of the night dropping off, and disappearing. The
cries and groans of the unhappy sufferers, from the bruises many of
them had received, and as their hopes of deliverance began to fail
them, were continued through the night; though, as morning
appeared, from the few that then survived, they became feeble
indeed : the whole number saved from the wreck amounted to eight
persons, and several of them so exhausted as to be indifferent
whether they were taken off or not. Mr. Galvin mentions, that about
twelve o'clock the mainmast gave way ; at that time, he supposes
there were, on the maintop, and on the shrouds, upwards of forty
persons. By the fall of the mast the whole were again plunged into
the water, and of that number only nine, besides himself, regained
the top. The top rested upon the main-yard, and the whole remained
fast to the ship by some of the rigging. Of the ten persons who re-
gained the maintop, four only were alive when the morning
appeared : ten were at that time alive on the foretop ; but three of
them had got so exhausted, and had become so unable to help them-
selves, that before any relief came they were finally washed away;





LOSS OF THE TRIBUNE. 23
three others perished, and thus four only were finally left alive in the
foretop. The place where the ship went down was barely about
three times her length to the southward of the entrance into Herring
Cove. The people came down in the night to the point opposite to
which the ship sunk, and kept large fires, and were so near as to con-
verse with the people on the wreck.
Anything more awful than the position of these poor people can
scarcely be imagined. The darkness, lighted up by the fires on the
shore, allowed them dimly to perceive the furious waves waiting to
engulf them; while friendly and pitying voices were borne to them
at intervals by the howling winds, tantalizing them by the nearness of
the human aid that could not save. How endless the hours must
have seemed It was not till eleven o'clock the next morning that
a shore-boat put off for the wreck and reached it with difficulty;
but it could not with safety hold more .than two persons ; and here
a trait of generous magnanimity occurred, which deserves to be
noticed. Dunlap and Munroe had, throughout this disastrous
night, providentially preserved their strength and spirits beyond
their unfortunate companions, and had endeavoured to cheer and
encourage them as they found their spirits sinking; they might now
both have stepped into the boat, and thus terminated their own
sufferings, but their other two companions, though alive, were unable
to help themselves ; they lay exhausted on the top, wished not to
be disturbed, and seemed desirous to perish as they lay. These
generous fellows hesitated not a moment to remain themselves on
the wreck, and to save, though against their will, their unfortunate
companions ; they lifted them up, and by the greatest exertions got
them into the little skiff; they were rowed triumphantly to the
Cove, and instantly conveyed to a comfortable habitation. This
boat was soon followed by the Tribune's jolly-boat, and by some of
the boats of the Cove; by their joint exertions the eight men were
preserved, who, with four that escaped in the jolly-boat, made the
whole number of survivors of this fine ship's company.
An instance occurred which, though it may appear unnatural after
the distressing scene we have related, is so descriptive of that cool
thoughtlessness of danger which so often distinguishes our British
tars, that it would be inexcusable to omit it. Daniel Munroe, one
of the survivors, had, as well as Dunlap, got into the foretop.
Suddenly he disappeared ; and it was concluded he had been washed
away with many others ; when after an absence from the top of about
two hours, he raised his head through the lubber hole, to the surprise
of Dunlap, who inquired where he had been; he said he had been
cruising for a better berth; after swimming about the wreck for a





24 SHIPWRECK OF THE LADY HOBART PACKET.
considerable time, he had returned to the fore-shrouds, and crawling
in on the cat-harpins, had actually been sleeping there more than an
hour, and appeared to be greatly refreshed.

Shipwreck of the Lady Hobart Packet.

"The Lady Hobart packet, Captain Fellowes, sailed from Halifax
on the 22nd of June, and about one o'clock in the morning of
the 29th, going at the rate of seven knots an hour, she struck against
an island of ice with such violence, that several of the crew were
pitched out of their hammocks ; and, though by extraordinary exer-
tions the men and passengers were saved, the ship was ultimately
lost. Her commander, Captain Fellowes, whose conduct in the
hour of danger was distinguished by true courage, fortitude, and
piety, gives the following account of the wreck and escape :-
Being roused out of my sleep by the suddenness of the shock, I
instantly ran upon deck. The helm being put hard a-port, the ship
struck again about the chest-tree, and then swung round on her heel,
her sternpost being stove in, and her rudder carried away, before
we could succeed in our attempts to haul her off. At this time the
island of ice appeared to hang quite over the ship, forming a high
peak, which must have been at least twice the height of our mast-
head; and we suppose the length of the island to have been from a
quarter to half a mile.
The sea was now breaking over the ice in a dreadful manner,
the water rushing in so fast as to fill the hold in a few minutes.
Hove the guns overboard, cut away the anchors from the bows, got
two sails under the ship's bottom, kept both pumps going, bail-
ing with buckets at the main-hatchway, in the hope of preventing
her from sinking ; but in less than a quarter of an hour she settled
down to her fore-chains in the water.
Our situation now became most perilous. Aware of the danger
of a moment's delay in hoisting out the boats, I consulted Captain
Thomas, of the Navy, and Mr. Bargus, my master, as to the pro-
priety of making any further efforts to save the ship; and as I was
anxious to preserve the mail, I requested their opinion as to the
possibility of taking it into the boats, in the event of our being able
to get them over the ship's side. These gentlemen agreed with me,
that no time was to be lost in hoisting them out; and that, as the
vessel was then settling fast, our first and only consideration was to
endeavour to preserve the crew.
"And here I must pay that tribute of praise, which the steady dis-






SHIPWRECK OF THE LADY HOBART PACKET. 25
cipline and good conduct of every one on board so justly merit.
From the first moment of the ship's striking, not a word was uttered
expressive of a desire to leave the wreck ; my orders were promptly
obeyed; and though the danger of perishing was every instant in-
creasing, each man waited for his turn to get into the boats, with a
coolness and composure that could not be surpassed.
Having fortunately succeeded in hoisting out the cutter and jolly-
boat, the sea then running high, we placed the ladies in the former;
one of them, Miss Cotenham, was so terrified, that she sprung from
the gunwale, and pitched into the bottom of the boat, with conside-
rable violence. This accident, which might have been productive of
fatal consequences to herself, as well as to us all, was unattended by
any bad effects. The few provisions which had been saved from the
men's berths were then put into the boats, which were quickly veered
astern. By this time the main-deck forward was under water, and
nothing but the quarter-deck appeared : I then ordered my men into
the boats, and having previously lashed iron pigs of ballast to the
mail, it was thrown overboard.
I now perceived the ship was sinking fast; I called out to the
men to haul up and receive me, intending to drop myself into the
cutter from the end of the trysail-boom, fearing she might be stove
under the counter ; and I desired Mr. Bargus, who continued with
me on the wreck, to go over first. In this instance, he replied, he
begged leave to disobey my orders; that he must see me safe over
before he attempted to go himself. Such conduct, at such a moment,
requires no comment ; but I should be wanting to myself and to the
service, if I did not faithfully state to your lordships every circum-
stance, however trifling; and it is highly satisfactory to me to have
this opportunity of recording an incident so honourable to a meri-
torious officer.
The sea was running so high at the time we hoisted out the
boats, that I scarcely flattered myself we should get them out in
safety; and, indeed, nothing but the steady and orderly conduct of
the crew, could have enabled us to effect so difficult and hazardous
an undertaking; and it is justice to them to observe, that not a man
in the ship attempted to make use of the liquor, which every one
had in his power. Whilst the cutter was getting out, I perceived
one of the seamen (John Tipper) emptying a demijean, or bottle,
containing five gallons, which on inquiry, I found to be rum. He
said he was emptying it for the purpose of filling it with water from
the scuttle-cask on the quarter-deck, which was generally filled
over night, and which was then the only fresh water to be got at;
it became afterwards our principal supply. I relate this circum-






26 SHIPWRECK OF THE LADY HOBART PACKET.

stance, as being so highly creditable to the character of a British
sailor.
We had scarce quitted the ship, when she suddenly gave a
heavy lurch to port, and then went down head-foremost. I had
ordered the colours to be hoisted at the maintop-gallant-masthead,
with the Union downwards, as a signal of distress, that if any vessel
should happen to be near us at the dawn of day, our calamitous
situation might be perceived from her, and she might afford us
relief.
At this awful crisis of the ship sinking, when it is natural to
suppose that fear would be the predominant principle of the human
mind, the coolness of a British seaman was very conspicuously
manifested by John Andrews exclaiming, 'There, my brave
fellows, there goes the pride of Old England !'
Having at length surmounted dangers and difficulties which
baffle all description, we rigged the foremast, and prepared to shape
our course in the best manner that circumstances would admit of, the
wind blowing from the precise point on which it was necessary to
sail, to reach the nearest land. An hour had scarce elapsed from the
time the ship struck till she foundered. The distribution of the
crew had already been made in the following order, which we after-
wards preserved.
In the cutter, of the following dimensions-viz., twenty feet long,
six feet four inches broad, and two feet six inches deep-were em-
barked three ladies and myself, Captain Richard Thomas, of the
Navy, the French commander of the schooner (a vessel taken by the
Lady Hobart two days before), the master's mate, gunner, steward,
carpenter, and eight seamen, in all eighteen people; which, together
with the provisions, brought the boat's gunwale down to within six
or seven inches of the water. From this confined space, some idea
may be formed of our crowded state ; but it is scarcely possible for
the imagination to conceive the extent of our sufferings in conse-
quence of it.
In the jolly-boat, fourteen feet from stem to stern, five feet three
inches broad, and two feet deep, were embarked Mr. Samuel Bargus,
master, Lieutenant-Colonel George Cooke, of the Ist regiment of
Guards, the boatswain, sail-maker, and seven seamen ; in all eleven
persons.
The only provisions we were enabled to save consisted of be-
tween forty and fifty pounds of biscuit; one demijean, or vessel,
containing five gallons of water, a small jug of the same, and part
of a small barrel of spruce-beer ; one demijean of rum, a few bottles
of port wine, with two compasses, a quadrant, a spy-glass, a small






SSHIPWRECK OF THE LADY HOBART PACKET. 27
tin mug, and a wine-glass. The deck-lantern, which had a few spare
candles in it, had been likewise thrown into the boat ; and the cook
having had the precaution to secure his tinder-box and some matches
that were kept in a bladder, we were afterwards enabled to steer by
night.
"The wind was now blowing strong from the westward, with a
heavy sea, and the day had just dawned. Estimating ourselves to
be at the distance of 350 miles from St. John's, in Newfoundland,
with a prospect of a continuance of westerly winds, it became at
once necessary to use the strictest economy. I represented to my
companions in distress that our resolution, once made, ought on no
account to be changed ; and that we must begin by suffering priva-
tions, which I foresaw would be greater than I ventured to explain.
To each person, therefore, were served out half a biscuit and a glass
of wine, which was the only allowance for the ensuing twenty-four
hours, all agreeing to leave the water untouched as long as possible.
During the time we were employed in getting out the boats, I had
ordered the master to throw the main-hatch tarpauling into the
cutter ; which being afterwards cut into lengths, enabled us to form
a temporary bulwark against the waves. I had also reminded the
carpenter to carry with him as many tools as he could ; he had ac-
cordingly, among other things, put a few nails in his pockets, and
we repaired the gunwale of the cutter, which had been stove in
hoisting her out. Soon after daylight we made sail, with the jolly-
boat in tow, and stood close-hauled to the northward and westward,
in the hope of reaching the coast of Newfoundland, or of being
picked up by some vessel. Passed two islands of ice, nearly as
large as the first. We now said prayers, and returned thanks to
God for our deliverance. At noon, observed in latitude 460 33' north,
St. John's bearing about W. a N., distant 350 miles."
It was not until the 4th of July, after encountering various gales
of wind, and being reduced by famine to almost the lowest possible
state of existence, that they made Conception Bay, on the coast of
Newfoundland. Those alone who have been in similar situations
can accurately judge of the sensations experienced by our sufferers
on witnessing this happy sight. By Captain Fellowes they are thus
affectingly described :
I wish it were possible for me to describe our sensations at this
interesting moment. From the constant watching and fatigue, and
from the languor and depression arising from our exhausted stite,
such accumulated irritability was brought on, that the joy of a
speedy relief affected us all in a most remarkable way ; many burst
into tears, some looked at each other with a stupid stare, as if






28 BURYING A FOE.
doubtful of the reality of what they saw; several were in such a
lethargic state, that no consolation, no animating language, could
rouse them to exertion.
At this affecting period, though overpowered by my own feelings,
and impressed with the recollection of our sufferings, and the sight
of so many deplorable objects, I proposed to offer up our solemn
thanks to Heaven for our miraculous deliverance. Every one cheer-
fully assented; and as soon as I opened the prayer-book (which I
had secured the last time I went down to my cabin) there was a
universal silence; a spirit of devotion was so singularly manifested
on this occasion, that to the benefits of a religious sense in uncul-
tivated minds must be ascribed that discipline, good order and
exertion, which even the sight of land could scarcely produce."
Captain Fellowes, with the whole of the crew and passengers,
reached land, excepting the unfortunate French captain, who every
reader of sensibility must regret to learn, threw himself overboard
in a fit of delirium, on Sunday the 3rd, the day before they reached
shore.

Burying a Foe.

Daniel Bryan was an old seaman, and captain of the foretop, who
had been turned over from the Blanche into Sir Sidney Smith's ship
Le Tigre. During the siege of Acre this hardy veteran made repeated
applications to bs employed on shore; but, being an elderly man,
and rather deaf, his request was not acceded to. At the first storm-
ing of the breach by the French, among the multitude of slain fell.
one of the generals of that nation. The Turks, in triumph, struck
off the head of this unfortunate officer, and, after inhumanly
mangling the body with their sabres, left it, naked, a prey to the
dogs. Precluded from the rites of sepulture, it in a few days became
putrescent; a shocking spectacle, a dreadful memento of the horrors
of war, the fragility of human nature, and the vanity of all sublunary
ambition, hopes, and expectations. Thus exposed, when any of the
"sailors who had been on shore returned to their ship, inquiries were
constantly made respecting the state of the deceased general. Dan
frequently asked his messmates why they had not buried him? but
the only reply that he received was, Go and do it yourself." Dan
swore he would, observing that lie had himself been taken prisoner
by the French, who always gave their enemies a decent burial, not,
likd those Turks, leaving them to rot above board. In the
morning, having at length obtained leave to go and see the town, he
dressed himself as though for an excursion of pleasure, and went





BURYING A FOE. 29

ashore with the surgeon in the jolly-boat. About an hour or two
after, while the surgeon was dressing the wounded Turks in the
hospital, in came honest Dan, who, in his rough good-natured
manner, exclaimed, I've been burying the general, sir, and now
I'm come to see the sick 1" Not particularly attending to the tar's
salute, but fearful of his catching the plague, the surgeon imme-
diately ordered him out. Returning on board, the coxswain inquired
of the surgeon if he had seen old Dan. Yes, he has been burying
the French general." It was then that Dan's words in the hospital
first occurred. The boat's crew who witnessed the generous action,
an action truly worthy of a British sailor, in whose character are ever
blended the noblest and the milder virtues, thus related its circum-
stances :-
"The old man procured a pickaxe, a shovel, and a rope, and
insisted on being let down, out of a port-hole, close to the
breach. Some of his more juvenile companions offered to attend
him. No !' he replied, 'you are too young to be shot yet; as for
me, I am old and deaf, and my loss would be no great matter.'
Persisting in his adventure, in the midst of the firing, Dan was slung
and lowered down, with his implements of action on his shoulder.
His first difficulty, not a very trivial one, was to drive away the dogs.
The French now levelled their pieces- they were on the instant of
firing at the hero It was an interesting moment !-but an officer,
perceiving the friendly intentions of the sailor, was seen to throw
himself across the file. Instantaneously the din of arms, the mili-
tary thunder ceased; a dead, a solemn silence prevailed, and the
worthy fellow consigned the corpse to its parent earth. He covered
it with mould and stones, placing a large stone at its head, and
another at its feet. But Dan's task was not yet completed. The
unostentatious grave was formed, but no inscription recorded the
fate or character of its possessor. Dan, with the peculiar air of a
British sailor, took a piece of chalk from his pocket, and attempted
to write,
Here you lie, Old Crop !'

He was then, with his pickaxe and shovel, hoisted into the
town, and the hostile firing immediately recommended."
A few days afterwards, Sir Sidney having been informed of the
circumstance, ordered Dan to be called into the cabin. Well,
Dan, I hear you have buried the French general?" Yes, your
honour." "Had you anybody with you ?" Yes, your honour."
Why, Mr. says you had not." "But I had, your honour."
"Ah, who had you?" "God Almighty, sir." "A very good





30 EXTRAORDINARY SEA FIGHT.
assistant, indeed: give old Dan a glass of grog." "Thank
your honour!" Dan drank his grog, and left the cabin highly
gratified. He was afterwards a pensioner in the Royal Hospital at
Greenwich.

Extraordinary Sea Fight.

About the year 1683, the captain pacha of the Porte, with a whole
Turkish fleet under his command, on a visit to Cairo and other ports,
for the purpose of convoying the vessels laden at those places for
Constantinople, met with two English ships, the Hector, and William
and Ralph, lading corn in the gulf of Mola. Corn being a pro-
hibited commodity, and not to be transported under penalty of
forfeiting ship, cargo, and the liberty of the men, the pacha was in-
vited, by the prospect of such a booty, to command the seizure of
these vessels, which, as they were but two, it was not questioned
but they would yield at the first summons; but in this the Turk
was mistaken ; he had to deal with people who knew their situation,
who were unused to fear, and who were resolved to make the
infidels pay as dearly as possible for the property, liberty, and lives
of Britons. Immediately the English ships cut their cables and stood
out to sea, where they were attacked by the whole Ottoman fleet,
being sometimes boarded by one and then by two galleys at once ;
yet, as they plied their guns with small shot, and made a gallant de-
fence with their half-pikes, they often cleared their decks, and beat
off the enemy with great slaughter. The captain pacha being
ashamed that his whole fleet should meet with such opposition from
such vessels, resolved to enter his men at the gun room ports of one
of the ships, and running the prow of his own galley into the
stern, the valiant English crew clapped an iron spike into the trunch-
hole of the prow, by which the galley being wedged fast to the
timbers of the ships, they brought their guns to bear aft, and
charging them with cross-bars, pieces of iron, and cartridge shot,
raked them fore and aft, killed the captain pacha himself and near
300 of his men. At length, having spent all their shot, they charged
their guns with pieces of eight, but being overpowered by numbers
of their enemies, and not able to make further resistance, after
maintaining this unequal conflict for more than three hours, they
set fire to their ships, which blowing up, destroyed two or three
galleys which lay alongside them, together with those men who were
then fighting upon deck, hand to hand, with the defendants; so
that none of these undaunted fellows were taken, but three or four
that were picked up out of the sea. Thus ended this extraordinary





A BRAVE BLACK. 31
action, the Turks gaining the victory with the loss of 300 slaves killed
and wounded, besides the captain pacha and several other officers
of note killed, and 500 Turks slain or wounded. The galleys were
forced into port, where they remained a full month to repair. This
affair struck the Porte with amazement at the bravery, or obstinacy,
as they called it, of the English.

Anecdote of Admiral Hardy.

In the reign of Queen Anne, Captain Hardy, whose ship was sta-
tioned at Lagos Bay, happened to receive undoubted intelligence of
the arrival of the Spanish galleons, under the convoy of seventeen
men-of-war, in the harbour of Vigo, and without any warrant for so
doing set sail and came up with Sir George Rooke, who was then
admiral and commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean, and gave
him such intelligence as induced him to make the best of his way to
Vigo, where all the before-mentioned galleons and men-of-war were
either taken or destroyed. Sir George was sensible of the importance
of the advice and the successful expedition of the captain : but after
the fight was over, the victory obtained, and the proper advantages
made of it, the admiral ordered Captain Hardy on board, and with
a stern countenance said, "You have done, sir, a very important
piece of service to the throne : you have added to the honour and
riches of your country by your diligence; but don't you know, that
you are liable at this instant to be shot for quitting your station ?"-
"He is unworthy of bearing a commission under her Majesty," re-
plied the captain, who holds his life as aught, when the glory and
interest of his queen and country require him to hazard it !" On
this heroic answer, he was despatched home with the first news of the
victory, and letters of recommendation to the queen, who instantly
knighted him, and afterwards made him a rear-admiral.

A Brave Black.

The following anecdote is related of a black man, the pilot of the
Experiment, of 50 guns, who, during the American war, took her
through Hell Gates, to the great surprise of Lord Howe, who thought
the ship had dropped from the clouds. At the instant of the greatest
danger, Sir James Wallace, the captain, gave some orders on the
quarter-deck, which Blackey thinking infringed upon his privilege,
calmly tapped Sir James upon the shoulder, and said, Massa, you






32 ANECDOTE OF ADMIRAL BOSCA WEN.
no peak here." The captain felt the force of Mungo's observation,
who, to the surprise of Lord Howe, and those acquainted with the
difficulty of navigating a ship through Hell Gates, took her safe to
Sandy Hook. The addition of the Experiment to his little fleet, at
such a crisis, was a vast reinforcement. Lord Howe rewarded the
black man with a pension of 5o/. for life. Had not the Experiment
sailed through Hell Gates, she would have fallen into the hands of
the enemy, which afterwards she did in the course of the war.

Sailor Boy.

When the frigate La Tribune was wrecked off Halifax, in November,
1798 (see p. 20), the whole ship's crew perished, with the exception of
four men, who escaped in the jolly-boat, and eight others, who clung
to the main and foretops. The inhabitants of the place came down
in the night opposite to the point where the ship struck, and ap-
proached so near as to converse with the people on the wreck. The
first exertion which was made for their relief, was by a boy of no
more than thirteen years of age, from Herring Cove, who ventured
off in a small skiff by himself, about eleven o'clock the next day.
With great exertions, and at extreme risk to himself, he ventured to
approach the wreck, and backed in his little boat so near to the fore-
top as to take off two of the men, for the boat could not with safety
hold any more. He rowed them triumphantly to the Cove, and had
them instantly conveyed to a comfortable habitation. After shaming,
by his example, older persons, who had larger boats, the manly boy
put off again in his little skiff; but with all his efforts he was unable
to reach the wreck a second time. His example, however, was soon
followed by other boats of the Cove ; and by their joint exertions the
whole of the remaining survivors were saved.

Anecdote of Admiral Boscawen.

When Mr. Boscawen, early in his naval career, was appointed to
the command of a guardship that was stationed at the Nore, he sent
away several of the newly pressed men that were brought to him, in
company with some experienced seamen, in frigates and small vessels,
to the mouths of many of the creeks and rivers on the coasts of Kent
and Sussex, to guard these counties from an invasion that was then
projecting by the French.
This excellent officer was so anxious for the honour of the sea





ANECDOTE OF ADMIRAL BOSCA WEN. 33

service, and for that of himself, that when Lord Anson, then First
Lord of the Admiralty, refused to confirm his promotion of two
naval officers to the rank of post captains, in consequence of their
having distinguished themselves at the siege of Louisburg, he
threatened to give up his seat at the Board of Admiralty. Lord
Anson, however, not to be deprived of the counsels and skill of this
great seaman, thought fit to retract his opposition. In some French
memoirs (written, as the modern ones of that country in general are,
without sufficient knowledge and information of the subject of which
they treat), Mr. Boscawen is represented as having, at the siege of
Louisburg, wholly given himself up to the direction of a particular
captain in that arduous and enterprising business. This is by no
means true. Whoever knew Mr. Boscawen au fond, whoever was
acquainted with his knowledge in his profession, with his power of
resource upon every occasion, with his intrepidity of mind, and man-
liness and independence of conduct and character, can never in
the least degree give credit to this foolish assertion. Admiral
Boscawen often deferred to the opinion of those with whom he
was professionally connected. He was once sent with a command
to intercept the St. Domingo fleet of merchantmen, and was waiting
near the track that it was supposed they would take, when one of his
seamen came to him to say that the fleet was now in sight; the ad-
miral took his glass, and from his superior power of eye, or perhaps
from previous information, said that the sailor was mistaken, and
that what they saw was the grand French fleet. The seaman, how-
ever, persisted. The admiral desired some others of his crew to
look through the glass; they all, with their brains heated with the
prospect of a prize, declared that what they saw was the St. Domingo
fleet. The admiral said, Gentlemen, you shall never say that I
have stood in the way of your enriching yourselves : I submit to you;
but remember, when you find your mistake, you must stand by me."
The mistake was soon perceived, and the admiral, by such an exer-
tion of manoeuvres as the service has not often seen, saved his ship.
He was so little infected with the spirit of party that formerly pre-
vailed in our Navy, to the great loss of the country, and the disgrace
of the profession, that when, on his return from some expedition, he
found his friends out of place, and another administration appointed,
and was asked, Whether he would continue as a Lord of the Admi-
ralty with them ? he replied, very nobly, The country has a right
to the services of its professional men : should I be sent again upon
any expedition, my situation at the Admiralty will facilitate the
equipment of the fleet I am to command."
SA favourite captain of his used to declare, that previous to some
D





34 ANECDOTE OF CAPTAIN MARTIN.
engagement, whilst he was contemplating with transport the excel-
lence of his ships, and the courage and skill of their commanders, he
said to him, "Admiral, do you think that all your captains will do
their duty in the engagement?" I trust they will," replied he;
"but Lieutenant B., if they do not, the first person that I observe
to fail, I shall send you to his ship to supersede him." At a time
when party disputes ran extremely high, he adhered strictly to the
memorable advice of the illustrious Blake, who on a similar occasion
observed, It is not for us to mind state affairs; we are to prevent
foreigners from fooling us." No greater testimony of the merit
of Admiral Boscawen can be given than that afforded by Lord
Chatham, when Prime Minister of this country : "When I apply,"
said he, "to other officers respecting any expedition I may chance
to project, they always raise difficulties, you always find expedients."

Anecdote of Captain Martin.

The following interesting anecdote is taken from a curious
work, entitled The Principal Historical and Allusive Arms borne
by the Families of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland, &c."
Captain Mai ln, while commanding the Marlborough Indiaman,
was attacked by three French ships of war; one of 70, one of 60,
and one of 32 guns; of which last force his own ship was. They
had taken a station in India to intercept all the outward-bound ships
that year. The Marlborough's cargo was valued at 200,0001ooo. sterling,
having ioo,ooo/. in foreign specie on board; this Captain Martin sup-
posed they knew, as otherwise he was of opinion they would have
sunk him with their lower tier, when two or three times near him.
He first saw them on Thursday morning, and it was Saturday night
before he was quite clear of them. His officers and people would
persuade him they were English ships, and mentioned their names;
the largest they called the Barrington; upon which he hauled up
his sails, and was sending his boat to invite the captain to dinner,
and to learn their news; but not being thoroughly satisfied, while
viewing them with his glass, he perceived the largest open her lower
tier of ports; and asking if the Barrington had two tiers of ports,
he was informed not; on which he recalled his boat, and made all
the sail he could; which they no sooner observed, but they began
to fire upon him, hauling down English and hoisting French colours,
continuing a brisk engagement for two or three glasses before he
could get any distance from them. They kept chasing him till the





ANECDOTE OF CAPTAIN MARTIN. 35
next day, when they were so near that they could hear what was
said on board each other's ship. Perceiving thick weather arising,
he formed a scheme which proved of great service to him. He
quietly ordered every man to his post, and the sails to be trimmed
as sharp as possible ; he then told the man at the helm that when
he ordered him to put the helm hard a-weather, he must put it hard
a-lee; and that if he made no blunder he would reward him hand-
somely, but if he erred he would shoot him through the head. Then
going on the poop, and seeing the French ship so near, he stamped'
with affected wrath, and asking him if he had a mind to be on
board her, bid him put the helm hard a-weather ; he put it quite
contrary, as ordered, and brought the ship quite-round, almost
under the French ship's bowsprit, which surprised them greatly, they
imagining he designed to board them. As soon as they were con-
vinced that was not his design, they began to fire and put their helm
hard a-lee too ; but their sails not being prepared like his, were all
taken aback, which put them into great confusion; and had there
been as much wind as he expected from the appearance of the
weather, in all probability they had lost all their masts, which was"
his aim; but as it was, before they could get in a proper condition
to follow him, he had got above a league ahead. This was reckoned
very able seamanship, as well as a serviceable stratagem. Being at
such a distance when night came on, he easily altered his course
without observation. He got close in under land, and anchored to
refresh his people, and repair his rigging and sails, which were much
shattered. He declared he never slept sounder for four or five hours
than he did that night on the open deck, with a log of wood for his
pillow. Not being perfectly secure, at dawn of day he ordered some
men up to the mast-head, to keep a good look-out; where they had
not been long before they cried out they espied a pagoda, but he
knowing the coast very well, knew there could be no such thing in
sight, and concluded it to be one of the French ships. He imme-
diately cut away his anchor, and made all the sail he could; but
before he was well under weigh the French sixty-gun ship was nearly
up with him. Thus they continued all day. At night he once more
effectually deceived them. As soon as it was dark, he ordered a
light to be placed in the great cabin window, and no other light to
appear in the ship; he then ordered a water-cask to be sawed in
halves, in one of which he fixed a mast exactly the height of the light
in the window, to which he affixed a candle and lanthorn, and
putting the light out of the window, turned the cask adrift. The
French soon came up with it, and believing it was his ship, and that
he meant to fight, prepared for action; but before all was arranged
D 2

i .- ~-I---





36 GALLANTRY OF CAPTAIN TYRREL.
it sunk, and left them in a perplexity how to proceed. Captain
Martin continued his course, and in a short time arrived safe in the
port he was bound to."

Gallantry of Captain Tyrrel.

On the 3rd of November, 1803, the Buckingham was joined by the
Weasel sloop; but still the English force was strikingly dispro-
portionate to that of the convoying ships of the enemy, consisting of
the Florissant, of 74 guns and 700 men; l'Aigrette, of 38 guns and
350 men; and I'Atalante, of 28 guns and 250 men; while the
Buckingham mounted only 70 guns, and the Weasel, 14. Captain
Boyles, the commander of the Weasel, was on board of the Buck-
ingham, receiving his orders, when a fleet of nineteen sail were
discovered. Chase was immediately given, and the strange sail
were soon perceived to be those of which Captain Tyrrel was in
quest. Preparation was immediately made for action, and Captain
Boyles was directed to superintend the lower deck. At half-past
two P.M. the Weasel got so close to the Florissant, that she received
a whole broadside from that ship. Fortunately, however, she sus-
tained very little damage; and, by the orders of Captain Tyrrel,
she fell under the stern of the Buckingham, and kept at such a dis-
tance during the whole of the succeeding action between that ship
and the Florissant, that she had not an opportunity of firing a single
shot. Her force indeed was so slight that she could not have ren-
dered any service. The Buckingham was much annoyed by a raking
fire from the frigates; but this also impeded their own progress,
and Captain Tyrrel got up with his bowsprit almost over the stern
of the Florissant. Finding he could not bring the enemy to a general
action, Captain Tyrrel gave the Buckingham a yaw under his lee,
and discharged a whole broadside into the frigates, which injured
them so much that they sheered off, and did not come within shot
again during the remainder of the contest. The Florissant also
bore away, got under the lee of the Buckingham, exchanged three
or four broadsides, materially damaged her rigging, and killed and
wounded several of Captain Tyrrel's men; but the Buckingham
again getting alongside of her, the action was renewed with
redoubled fury. At this period Captain Tyrrel unfortunately lost
three fingers of his right hand, was wounded in the face, received
several contusions from splinters ; and, from loss of blood, was com-
pelled for a time to quit the deck. The master and lieutenant of
marines were dangerouslywounded at the same time. Mr. Marshall,





BRITISH BRA VER Y. 37
the first lieutenant, assumed the command, but was soon killed,
fighting with the utmost bravery, and in the very act of encouraging
the men. The second lieutenant then came on deck, and fought
the ship yard-arm and yard-arm with the Florissant, till Captain
"Tyrrel was enabled to resume the command. The action continued
till it was almost dark, when the Florissant for a time, was silenced,
and hauled down her colours ; but she afterwards fired about eleven
of her lower-tier guns, and a volley of small arms, which were
returned with three furious broadsides, the Florissant not answering
with a single gun. Unfortunately, however, the last fire of the
Florissant cut the- Buckingham's tiller-rope; the ship flew up in
the wind, and her running rigging being cut to pieces, she became
unmanageable. Profiting by this accident, and the darkness of the
night, the Florissant set her foresail and top-gallant sails, and with
the assistance of the frigates made off. The Buckingham endeavoured
to pursue, but, from her disabled state, without effect.

British Bravery.

The following anecdote illustrating the true spirit of a British
tar, is highly worthy of being recorded in the history of our naval
exploits :-A Captain Goodall, husband to Mrs. Goodall, of the
Haymarket Theatre, was, immediately after the declaration of war
with France in 1803, appointed to the command of a privateer, called
the Catherine and Mary, which was fitted up at the expense of some
London and Deal merchants. Her whole expense of outfit, &c.,
amounted to 600oo. and in about three months she captured prizes
to the value of not less than 50,000l. or 6o,oool. However, at last
she fell in, off Scilly, with a French brig which was in possession
of two West Indiamen. The brig mounted twenty-two six-pounders,
and her crew consisted of 130 men. Goodall's privateer mounted
ten four-pounders, and his crew consisted of forty men, yet he im-
mediately attacked the brig, succeeded after a very sharp action in
beating her off, and recaptured the prizes. This took place in the
evening, and the sea being very calm during the night, Goodall was
unable to move. The French brig was able, in the interim, to
repair the greater part of the damage she had sustained, and again
attacked Goodall in the morning. Our gallant tar maintained the
action until his ammunition was entirely expended. When the guns
were about to'be loaded with the last charge, his officers exhorted
him to surrender, telling him that there was but one charge remaining:
" Then," exclaimed Goodall, "let them have it !" He was obeyed;






38 EARL ST. VINCENT.
and when this round was discharged, the brave fellow was obliged
to surrender. The French, however, found the privateer in such a
shattered state, that they did not think it worth taking with them.
They, therefore gave it up to the doctor and a part of the crew, who
afterwards brought her into Plymouth. Goodall, and the principal
part of his comrades, were sent prisoners to France. From a drawing
which was made of the privateer, there does not appear to have
been half a foot square of her sails which had not been perforated,
and her sides were almost entirely torn away.

Earl St. Vincent.

During the time of the Earl of St. Vincent's (then Sir John Jervis)
co-operation with Sir Charles Grey, in the West Indies, about the
year 1794, there were some circumstances attending the procedure
of a convoy of merchants' ships to Europe, on which Sir John wished
to consult the different masters. A signal was made to this effect-
the masters of the merchantmen attended on board the admiral's
ship; he stated to them the motives which had influenced him to
convene them, and requested their sentiments on the subject.
Finding that each delivered his opinion as his respective interest
dictated, the admiral endeavoured to show the expediency of una-
nimity, but without effect; at which, much irritated, he hastily
paced the deck, loudly snapping his fingers, singing, with a voice of
no common strength-

Sing tantarara, rogues all, rogues all;
Sing tantarara, rogues all;"

and repeated it with such vehemence, that the masters, dreading
some more impressive marks of the admiral's displeasure, hastened
out of the ship without further communication, and the convoy was
despatched to England on his own plan, but without the concurrence
his solicitude for the common interest of the trade had in vain
endeavoured to procure.
In the early part of the year of the blockade at Cadiz, so effectually
executed, there appeared one night every indication of an approach-
ing gale of wind: it shortly took place, and rapidly increased to
such a height, as to threaten the destruction of several, if not all, of
the ships then at anchor. The only means of warding off the present
danger was to veer away more cable, but this could not be instantly
given in command, as no night-signal was yet established for this





DISPUTING A FOE. 39
purpose; suddenly he called for the boatswain and all his mates,
stationed them on the poop, gangway, and forecastle, and told them
to pipe together loudly, as when veering cable; this was heard on
board the surrounding ships, when the captains rightly conceiving
the admiral was veering cable, directed the same to be done on
board their respective commands, and the fleet rode out the gale in
safety.
At the commencement of the winter of 1798, the dockyard at
Gibraltar was employed on the repairs of some of the ships under
the Earl of St. Vincent's orders; conceiving his presence would
accelerate the public service, he quitted the Ville de Paris, then
bearing his flag off Cadiz, and took up his residence at the garrison.
On his requiring that the workmen in the dock should commence
their employment at daybreak, which was at this season at five
o'clock, he was informed that the gates were not opened until an
hour after that time; he, therefore, applied to the governor,
General O'Hara, for an alteration in the hour, accommodated to
this early duty. "The men," said the governor, "will not be able
to see." Perhaps not," said his lordship, "but they can hear
me." The request was granted; the Earl of St. Vincent was ever
at his post at the dawn of day, with stentorian voice directing the
business; and from the insignia of his rank, with which he was
decorated, he was metaphorically styled The morning star."

Admiral Drake.

Admiral Drake, when a young midshipman, on the eve of an en-
gagement, was observed to shake and tremble very much: and
being asked the cause, he replied, My flesh trembles at the antici-
pation of the many and great dangers into which my resolute and
undaunted heart will lead me."

Disputing a Foe.

"It was pleasant enough," writes an officer who was in Anson's
action off Cape Finisterre, "to see a laudable contention between the
commanders of the Bristol and Pembroke, which should engage the
Invincible. The Pembroke attempted to get in between the Bristol
and the enemy; but there not being room enough, the commander
of the Pembroke hailed the Bristol, and bid her put her helm hard a-
starboard, or the ship would run foul of her ; to which Captain





40 THE LOSS OF H.M.S. PHOENIX.
Montague replied, Sir, run foul of me and be hanged neither you
nor any other man in the world shall come between me and the
enemy I' And then, having given the enemy his broadside, and
dismasted her, he left her to be picked up by the ships astern;
when commanding his sails to be filled again, 'My boys,' says he,
'we will have another of them,' and immediately gave chase to
two of the enemy, which had taken to their heels, and soon came
up to the best going ship the French had, called the Diamant, of 56
guns and 480 men; and after an engagement, within pistol-shot, of
near an hour and three quarters, the enemy being dismasted, one of
his upper-deck guns burst, and his rigging being shattered to pieces,
he struck. This commander did honour to his country by his gallant
defence ; for when the Bristol's lieutenant went on board, he found
her poop and quarter-deck like a slaughter-house, covered with
blood."

The Loss of H.M.S. Phaweix.

The following recital of a shipwreck is very animated and graphic.
It is taken from a letter of Lieutenant Archer's to his mother :-
"At eight o'clock a hurricane the sea roaring, but the wind still
steady to a point : did not ship a spoonful of water. However, got
the hatchways all secured, expecting what would be the consequence
should the wind shift : placed the carpenters by the mainmast with
broad axes, knowing from experience that at the moment you may
want to cut it away to save the ship, an axe may not be found. Went
to supper; bread, cheese, and porter : the purser frightened out of
his wits about his bread bags ; the two Marine officers as white as
sheets, not understanding the ship's working so much, and the noise
of the lower deck guns ; which by this time made a pretty screeching,
to people not used to it : it seemed as if the whole ship's side was
going at each roll. Wooden, our carpenter, was all this time smoking
his pipe and laughing at the doctor; the second lieutenant upon
deck, the third in his hammock. At ten o'clock I thought to get a
little sleep ; came to look into my cot ; it was full of water, for every
seam, by the straining of the ship, had begun to leak; stretched
myself therefore upon deck between two chests, and left orders to be
called, should the least thing happen. At twelve a midshipman
came to me, 'Mr. Archer! we are just going to wear ship, sir 1'
' Oh very well, I'll be up directly ; what sort of weather have you
got ?' 'It blows a hurricane!' Went upon deck, found Sir Hyde
there : 'It blows hard, Archer.' It does indeed, sir.' I don't know
that I ever remember its blowing so hard before, but the ship makes





THE LOSS OF H.M.S. PHOENIX. 41

a very good weather of it upon this tack, as she bows the sea ; but
we must wear her, as the wind has shifted to the S.E., and we are
drawing right upon Cuba; so do you go forward and have some hands
stand by ; loose the leeyard arm of the foresail, and when she is right
before the wind, whip the clue garnet close up and roll the sail up.'
'Sir there is no canvas can stand against this a moment ; if we
attempt to loose him, he'llfly into ribands in a moment, and we may
lose three or four of our people; she'll wear by manning the fore-
shrouds.' No, I don't think she will.' I answer for it, sir ; I have
seen it tried several times on the coast of America with success.'
' Well, try it; if she does not wear, we can only loose the foresail
afterwards.' This was a great condescension from such a man as Sir
Hyde. However, by sending about 2oo people into the fore rigging,
after a hard struggle she wore; I found she did not make so good
weather on this tack as the other, for as the sea began to run across,
she had not time to rise from one sea before another lashed against
her. I began to think we should lose our masts, as the ship lay very
much along, by the pressure of the wind constantly upon the yards
and masts alone; for the poor mizen-staysail had gone in shreds
long before, and the sails began to fly from the yards through the
gaskets into coach whips. My God to think that the wind could
have such force.
Sir Hyde now sent to see what was the matter between decks, as
there was a good deal of noise. As soon as I was below, one of the
Marine officers calls out, 'Mr. Archer, we are sinking, the water is
up to the bottom of my cot.' 'Pho, pho, as long as it is not over
your mouth, you are well off; what do you make this noise for?'
I found there was some water between decks, but nothing to be
alarmed at : scuttled the deck, and let it run into the well; found she
made a great deal of water through the sides, and decks; turned the
watch below to the pumps, though only two feet of water in the well :
but expected to be kept constantly at work now, as the ship laboured
much, with hardly a part of her above water but the quarter-deck,
and that but seldom. 'Come, pump away, my boy: carpenters, get
the weather chain pump rigged.' All ready, sir !' Then man it, and
keep both pumps going.' At two o'clock the chain pump was choked :
set the carpenters at work to clear it; the two head pumps at work
upon deck: the ship gained upon us while our chain pumps were
idle; in a quarter of an hour they were at work again', and we began
to gain upon her. While I was standing at the pumps, cheering the
people, the carpenter's mate came running to me with a face as long
as my arm-' Oh, sir the ship has sprung a leak in the gunner's
room.' 'Go then and tell the carpenter to come to me, but don't





42 THE LOSS OF H.M.S. PHOENIX.
speak a word to any one else : Mr. Goodinoh, I am told there is a
leak in the gunner's room ; go and see what is the matter, but don't
alarm anybody, and come and make your report privately to me.'
A little after this he returned : 'Sir, there's nothing there, 'tis only
the water washing up between the timbers, that this booby has taken
for a leak.' Oh, very well go upon deck, and see if you can keep
any of the water from washing down below.' Sir I have had four
people constantly keeping the hatchways secure, but there is such a
weight of water upon deck, that nobody can bear it when the ship
rolls.' Shortly afterwards the gunner came to me. Mr. Archer, I
should be glad if you would step this way into the magazine for a mo-
ment.' I thought something was the matter, and ran directly. Well,
what's the matter here?' The ground tier of powder is spoiled ; and I
want to show you that it is not out of carelessness in me in stowing it,
for no powder in the world could be better stowed. Now, sir, what
am I to do? if you don't speak to Sir Hyde he will be angry with
me.' I could not but smile, to see how easy he took the danger of
the ship, and said to him, Let us shake off this gale of wind first, and
talk of the damaged powder afterwards.' At four we had gained
upon the ship a little, and I went upon deck, it being my watch. The
second lieutenant relieved me at the pumps. Who can attempt to
describe the appearance of things upon deck ? If I were to write for ever
I could not give you an idea of it :-a total darkness all above : the
sea on fire ; running as it were in Alps, or peaks of Teneriffe-moun-
tains are too common an idea : the wind roaring louder than thunder
(absolutely no flight of imagination); the whole made more terrible
if possible, by a very uncommon kind of blue lightning. The poor
ship very much pressed, yet doing what she could ; shaking her sides,
tnd groaning at every stroke. Sir Hyde upon deck lashed to wind-
ward! I soon lashed myself alongside of him, and told him the
situation of things below; the ship not making more water than might
be expected with such weather ; that I was only afraid of a gun
breaking loose. 'I am not in the least afraid of that; I have com-
manded her six years, and have had many a gale of wind in her; so
that her iron work is pretty well tried, which always gives away first
-Hold fast that was an ugly sea ; we must lower the lower yards,
I believe, Archer; the ship is much pressed.' If we attempt it, sir,
we shall lose them, for a man aloft can do nothing; beside their
being down would ease the ship very little ; the mainmast is a sprung
mast, I wish it was overboard without carrying anything else along
with it; but that can soon be done, the gale cannot last for ever,
'twill soon be daylight now.' I found by the master's watch it was
five o'clock, though but a little after four by ours ; glad it was so





THE LOSS OF H.M.S. PHOENIX. 43
near daylight, and looked for it with much anxiety. Cuba, thou art
much in our way! another ugly sea: sent a midshipman to bring
news from the pumps : the ship was gaining on them very much, for
they had broke one of their chains, but 'twas almost mended again.
News from the pump again, she still gains! a heavy lee! Back
water from leeward half way up the quarter-deck, filled one of the
cutters upon the booms and tore her all to pieces ; the ship lying
almost upon her beam ends, and not attempting to right again.
Word from below that the ship still gained on them, as they could
not stand at the pumps, she lay so much along. I said to Sir Hyde,
This is no time, sir, to think of saving the masts, shall we cut the
mainmast away?' 'Ay as fast as you can.' I accordingly went
into the weather chains with a pole axe to cut away the lanyards ;
the boatswain went to leeward, and the carpenters stood by the mast:
we were all ready, when a very violent sea broke right on board of
us, carried everything upon deck away; filled the ship full of water ;
the main and mizen masts went : the ship righted, but was in the
last struggle of sinking under us. As soon as we could shake our
heads above water, Sir Hyde exclaimed, We are gone at last, Archer,
foundered at sea!' Yes, sir, farewell! and the Lord have mercy
on us !' I then turned about to look forward at the ship, and thought
she was struggling to get rid of some of the water : but all in vain ;
she was almost full below. God Almighty! I thank thee, that now
I am leaving this world, which I have always considered as only a
passage to a better, I die with a full hope of thy mercies, through
the merits of Jesus Christ, thy Son, our Saviour. I then felt sorry
that I could swim ; as by that means I might be a quarter of an hour
longer dying, than a man who could not ; as it is impossible to divest
ourselves of a wish to preserve life. At the end of these reflections
thought I felt the ship thump, and grinding under our feet : 'twas so !
Sir, the ship is ashore.' What do you say?' The ship is ashore,
and we may save ourselves yet !' By this time the quarter deck was
full of men that had come up from below ; and 'the Lord have mercy
on us' flying about from all quarters. The ship made everybody
sensible now that she was ashore ; for every stroke threatened a total
dissolution of her whole frame. 1 found she was stern ashore, and
the bow broke the sea a good deal, though it was washing clean
over at every stroke. Sir Hyde cried, 'Keep to the quarter-deck,
my lads, when she goes to pieces, 'tis your best chance.' A provi-
dential circumstance I got the foremast cut away, that she might not
pay round broadside : I lost five men cutting away the foremast, by
the breaking of a sea on board, just as the mast went : that was
nothing; every one expected it would be his own fate next. We





44 THE LOSS OF H.2M.S. PHOENIX.
looked for daybreak with the greatest impatience: at last it came,
but what a scene did it show us the ship upon a bed of rocks,
mountains of them on one side, and cordilleras of water on the other;
our poor ship grinding, and crying out at every stroke between them;
going away by piecemeal: however, to show the unaccountable
workings of Providence, that often what appears to be the greatest
evil proves to be the greatest good-that unmerciful sea lifted, and
beat us up so high among the rocks, that at last the ship scarcely
moved. She was a very strong ship, and did not go to pieces at the
first thumping, though her decks tumbled in. We found afterwards
that she had beat over a ledge of rocks, almost a quarter of a mile
outside us; where if she had struck, every soul of us must have
perished. I now began to think of getting on shore, so stripped off
my coat, and shoes, for a swim ; and looked for a line to carry the
end with me. I luckily could not find one, which gave time for re-
collection : this wont do for me, to be the first man out of the ship,
and first lieutenant; we may get to England again, and people may
think I paid a great deal of attention to myself, and did not care for
anybody else. No, that wont do; instead of being first, I'll see
every man, sick and well, out of her before me.
I now thought there was not a probability of the ship's going
soon to pieces, therefore had not a thought of instant death : took a
look round with a sort of philosophic eye, to see how the same
situation affected my companions; and was not surprised to find the
most swaggering swearing bullies in fine weather, were now the most
pitiful wretches on earth, when death appeared before them : several
people that could swim, went overboard to try for the shore; nine of
them were drowned before our eyes. However, two got safe; by
which means, with a line we got a hawser on shore and made fast to
the rocks, upon which many went, and arrived safe. There were
some sick and wounded on board, who could not go this way; so we
got a spare topsail-yard from the chains, and got one end ashore,
and the other into the cabin window, so that most of the sick got
ashore this way. As I had determined, so I was the last man out of
the ship, which was about ten o'clock. The gale now began to
break. Sir Hyde came to me, and taking me by the hand, was so
affected as to be hardly able to speak. Archer I am happy be-
yond expression to see you on shore; but look at our poor Phzanix!'
I turned about, but could not say a single word, my heart being too
full: my mind had been too actively employed before, but every-
thing now rushed upon me at once, so that I could not contain
myself ; and I indulged for a full quarter of an hour. By twelve it
was pretty moderate ; got some sails on shore, and made tents, found






THE LOSS OF H.M.S. PHOENIX. 45
great quantities of fish drove up by the sea in holes amongst the
rocks ; knocked up a fire, and had a most comfortable dinner. In
the afternoon we made a stage from the cabin windows to the rocks,
and got out some provisions and water, lest the ship should go to
pieces, and then we must all perish with hunger and thirst; for we
were upon a desolate part of the coast, and under a rocky mountain,
which could not supply us with a single drop of water.
"Slept comfortably this night; and next day, the idea of death
vanishing by degrees, the prospect of being prisoners, perhaps during
the war, at the Havannah, and walking three hundred miles to it,
through the woods, was unpleasant; however, to save life for the
present, we employed this day in getting more provisions and water
on shore, which was not an easy matter, on account of decks, guns,
and rubbish, that lay over them, and ten feet of water besides. In
the evening I proposed to Sir Hyde to repair the remains of the only
boat left ; and that I would venture to Jamaica myself; and if I got
safe, would bring vessels to take them all off; a proposal worth
thinking of. It was next day agreed to; so we got the cutter on
shore and set the carpenters to work on her; in two days she was
ready, and at four o'clock in the afternoon, I embarked with four
volunteers, and a fortnight's provisions : hoisted English colours as
we put off from the shore, and received three cheers from the lads
left behind, which we returned, and set sail with a light heart :
having not the least doubt, that with God's assistance, we should
soon come back and bring them all off. We had a very squally
night, and a very leaky boat ; so as to keep two buckets constantly
baling. I steered her myself the whole night by the stars; and in
the morning saw the island of Jamaica, distant about twelve leagues.
At eight in the evening arrived in Montego bay.
I instantly sent off an express to the admiral; another to the
Porcupine man-of-war; and went myself to Martha bay to get
vessels; for all their vessels here, as well as many of their houses,
were gone to moco. Got three small vessels, and set out back again
to Cuba, where I arrived the fourth day after leaving them. I
thought the ship's crew would have devoured me on my landing ;
they whisked me up on their shoulders presently, and carried me to
the tent where Sir Hyde was. I must omit many little anecdotes
that happened on shore for want of time ; but I shall have a number
of stories to tell when I get alongside of you; and the next time I
visit you, I shall not be in such a hurry to quit you as I was the last,
for then I hoped my nest would have been pretty well feathered;
but my tale is forgot. I found the Porcupine had arrived that day,
and the lads had built a boat almost ready for launching, that would






46 BRA VERY OF CAPTAIN (SIR) SAMUEL HOOD.
hold fifty men ; which was intended for another trial in case I should
have foundered. Next day we embarked all our people that were
left, amounting to 250 ; for some had died of the wounds they got
coming on shore; others by drinking rum; and others had straggled
into the country. All our vessels were so full of people, that we
could not take away the few clothes that were saved from the wreck;
but that was a trifle, since our lives and liberties were saved. To
make short of my story, we all arrived safe at Montego bay; and
shortly after at Port Royal, in the Janus, which was sent on purpose
for us, and were all honourably acquitted for the loss of the ship. I
was made admiral's aide-de-camp, and a little after sent down to
St. Juan's, captain of the Resource, to bring what were left of the
poor devils to Blue fields on the Musquito shore; and then to
Jamaica, where they arrived after three months' absence, and with-
out a prize, though I looked out hard, off Porto Bello and Cartha-
gena. Found in my absence that I had been appointed captain of
the Tobago; where I remain his Majesty's most true and faithful
servant, and my dear mother's most dutiful son,
"(-- ARCHER."

Anecdote of Admiral Cornwallis.

Soon after Captain (Admiral) Cornwallis succeeded to the com-
mand of the Canada, on the resignation of Sir George Collier, and
was at sea, a mutiny broke out in the ship, on account of some
accidental delay in the clerk's paying some of the ship's company:
in consequence of which, they signed what they termed a round
robin, wherein they declared to a man, that they would not fire a
gun till they were paid.-Captain Cornwallis, on the receipt of this,
had the crew piped upon deck, and thus laconically harangued them :
-" My lads, the money cannot be paid till we return to port; and
as to your not fighting, I'll clap you alongside of the first large ship
of the enemy I see; when the d- l himself can't keep you from
it." The Jacks were so tickled with this tar-like compliment, that
they one and all returned to their duty, better satisfied, perhaps,
than if they had been paid the money they demanded, ten times over.

Bravery of Captain (Sir) Samuel Hood.

In the year 1791, in the height of a violent gale of wind, which
increased to a perfect hurricane, a raft was discovered from the






"FRENCH PILOT. 47

'uno's 'masthead, off the port of St. Ann's, in the West Indies,
with three people on it, over which the waves washed every moment,
so that it appeared next to impossible to save them. Captain Hood
immediately ordered a.boat to their assistance; but though English
seamen are not apt to shrink from danger, the boat's crew thinking
it a vain attempt, showed great reluctance in going, whereupon the
captain, declaring that he never ordered any man on a service on
which he was afraid to venture himself, immediately leaped into the
boat, pushed out of the harbour, and with infinite difficulty saved
the poor men on the wreck. The Honourable Assembly at Jamaica,
on being informed of this gallant enterprise, was unanimous in
resolving, that the sum of 1oo guineas be presented to Captain
S. Hood, for the purchase of a sword, as a testimony of the high
sense they entertained of his merit and humanity in the above
affair.

French Pilot.

In the year 1793, a vessel was shipwrecked in sight of the French
port of Saint Nazaire, in the department of La Loire Infdrieure. It
had struck on some concealed rocks at the distance of about a league,
and a half ; a dreadful tempest raged at the time ; and the crew and
passengers, amounting in all to forty-one persons, saw no other
prospect than that of perishing in the waves. A pilot of Nazaire, of
the name of Matthew Christiern, who had already thrice dis-
tinguished himself on similar occasions, resolved once more to risk
his life in the cause of humanity. Having prevailed on five other
sailors to join him in the brave attempt, they left the shore together
in a stout shallop, and after struggling for four hours against the
winds and waves, they reached the wreck and took on board thirty
of,the crew, being all that the boat could contain. Christiern, as
he shoved off from the wreck, called out to those who were neces-
sarily left behind, Have courage till the morning, when you will
see me again !"
Christiern landed his precious cargo in safety, and immediately
prepared for a second trip. By daybreak he was again by the side
of the wreck, and before the people of the village were awake had
landed the remainder of the unfortunate crew. Nor did the intre-
pidity of this brave man stop here. The captain of the shipwrecked
vessel being heard to lament the loss of a casket which contained
eighteen thousand francs, Christiern ascertained whereabouts it was
deposited, and set off a third time for the wreck. After incredible
exertions he got possession of the casket, and returning to the shore,






48 RECAPTURES.
delivered it into the hands of its owner ; of the extent of whose
gratitude we are sorry to find no record.

Anecdote of Sir Edward Pellew.

When in command of the Indefatigable at Plymouth, Sir Edward
Pellew was driving with a lady to dine with a friend, when he heard
that the Dutton East Indiaman had gone ashore under the citadel;
all her masts were gone and she was rolling fearfully broadside on.
He immediately sprang out of the carriage and ran to the wreck.
On arrival he found she had been deserted by the whole of her
principal officers, whom he in vain endeavoured to persuade to return
to their duty ; he also offered rewards to boatmen and pilots to put
off to the wreck, but in vain. Finding all efforts to induce any one
to go useless, he exclaimed, Then I will go myself;" and fastening
a rope to his body was dragged on board through the surf. He
then told the people on board that their only chance of safety de-
pended on obedience to orders ; that he would be the last to leave
the ship himself, and drawing his sword, said he would run any one
through who disobeyed him. Two boats of his own ship, ignorant
that he was on board, now made towards the wreck. A cradle was
made and the whole of the ladies, children, crew, and soldiers (for
the Dutton was employed in transporting troops) were landed, not
a casualty occurred. Sir Edward was himself the last to leave the
ship, and shortly after the wreck went to pieces.

Recaptures.
In the year 1760, the ship Good Intent, from Waterford, was taken
by a French privateer off Ushant, who took out all the crew, except
five men and a boy, over whom they placed nine Frenchmen. While
navigating the vessel to France, four of the English formed the
design of regaining possession of the vessel. One Brien tripped up
the heels of the Frenchman at the helm, seized his pistol, and dis-
charged it at another ; making at the same time a signal to his three
comrades below to follow his example; they did so, and soon over-
came them, the Frenchmen crying for quarter. None of the British
sailors could either read or write, and were quite ignorant how to
navigate the vessel; but Brien steered at a venture, and arrived
safe at Youghall, in Ireland, in the gaol of which place he lodged
his prisoners.
In 1794, the Betsy ofLondon, in her return from Jamaica, parted





THE FIRST OF JUNE. 49

from her convoy in the Gulf of Florida, and was captured off the
Lizard by a French frigate. The captain and crew, with the excep-
tion of the mate, carpenter, cook, and boy, and Mrs. Williams, a
passenger, were taken out of the Betsy by the Frenchmen, and a
lieutenant and thirteen men put on board to take charge of the prize.
Three days after, the ship being driven by heavy gales of wind in
sight of Guernsey, a plot was laid for securing the Frenchmen, and
retaking the ship. Mrs. Williams counterfeited being ill, on purpose
to draw the attention of the lieutenant, while the cabin-boy removed
the fire-arms, &c. This being effected, she prepared herself with
extraordinary resolution for the event. At eleven o'clock at night,
when the lieutenant was asleep in his berth, and others of the French
were between deck, in the fore part of the ship, the signal was given,
and Mrs. Williams locked the lieutenant in the cabin, and stood at
the door with a pistol in her hand, to prevent its being opened by
force. In the meantime, the French on deck were thrust down the
fore hatchway by the three men. A fine breeze brought them into
SCowes Road in twelve hours; and Mrs. Williams was found stand-
ing sentinel, with a pistol in her hand, at the cabin-door, when a
boat's crew went on board. Thus, by the spirited exertions of a
woman and three brave fellows, a ship and cargo, worth 2o,oool.,
were rescued from the enemy.

The First of June.

In Earl Howe's engagement with the French fleet, on the ist of
June, 1794, the Marlborough by intrepidly breaking the enemy's line,
became totally dismasted, and in that situation dropped with her
stern on the bows of a French eighty-four, whose bowsprit came
over the Marlborough's poop. The Frenchmen were preparing to
board, though with evident reluctance, when an English sailor of
the name of Appleford, to be beforehand with them, mounted their
bowsprit, and with his cutlass boldly leaped upon their forecastle,
which he not only took possession of, but forced his adversaries to fly
for safety into the waist of the ship; a French officer observing the
uncommon behaviour of the British tar, rushed from the quarter-
deck, to reproach so many of his men for running away from one;
and to convince them of his own honour, instantly commenced an
attack upon Appleford, who however was fortunate enough to con-
quer him. His situation by this time becoming extremely dangerous,
he thought it best to effect his retreat, as he was not at that time
assisted on the spot by any of his countrymen ; with this intention he
E






50 SIR PETER PARKER.
again mounted the bowsprit, and by courageously springing from it,
reached the poop-deck of his own ship at the moment when the
vessels were drifting from each other,
During the confusion of the battle the Marlborough was taken by
several English ships for a Frenchman, more particularly so as the
whole of her colours had been shot away but one white ensign,
which was then hoisted. This circumstance occasioned much de-
struction from the fire of those ships which fell into the mistake. At
length the solitary ensign was also shot away; and by this circum-
stance, the honour of Old England for a moment appeared to suffer.
From the impossibility of replacing the colours, it seemed as if the
ship had struck to the French, an idea which operated so strongly on
the mind of Appleford, that he loudly exclaimed, The English
colours shall never be doused where I am !" Then casting his eyes
round the deck, he perceived the dead body of a marine, who had
been shot through the head : he instantly stripped off his red coat,
stuck it on a boarding-pike, and exalted it in the air, swearing that
the Englishmen would not desert their colours, and that when all the
red coats were gone, they would hoist blue jackets. The singularity
of such conduct infused fresh spirit into the hardy sons of Neptune,
and they bravely fought till the glorious moment when the terrific
struggle ended in victory.
On board this same ship a curious incident occurred. When she
was entirely dismasted, a whisper of surrender is said to have been
uttered, which Lieut. Monckton overhearing, he being in command
through the captain being wounded, exclaimed, She should never
surrender, and that he would nail the colours to the mast !" At that
moment, a cock having escaped from the coop, suddenly perched
himself on the stump of the mainmast, and crowed aloud. In an
instant three hearty cheers rang through the ship's company, and
they renewed the fight with redoubled vigour.

Sir Peter Parker.

Although the gallant Sir Peter Parker fell in the bloom of youth,
yet he had already reaped a rich harvest of glory. Brought up under
the immediate eye of the immortal Nelson, he partook largely of his
daring spirit.
When cruising off the coast of Italy in the Menelaus, in the year
1812, he saw a large brig and several small vessels in the bay of
Orbitello. He reconnoitred the fort of St. Stephano ; and although
its strength was great, consisting of a battery of two guns, one of





SIR PETER PARKER. 51
four guns, and a citadel of fourteen guns, yet Sir Peter determined
to cut them out, although they were anchored within musket shot of
the shore and of the batteries. Actuated with that ardent zeal which
knew no difficulty, and that dauntless spirit which feared no danger,
he left the ship with two gigs, two cutters, a launch with an eighteen
pounder carronade, carrying one hundred and thirty seamen and
forty marines, leaving the first lieutenant in charge of the ship. This
gallantlittle band had to face the fire of the citadel and batteries, a
regular force of four hundred troops, and the inhabitants of the
town, who were under arms to receive them. Sir Peter was to carry,
if possible, the vessels in the harbour ; Lieutenants Beynon and
Wilcock, with the marines, were to storm the batteries commanding
it. They now pushed rapidly under a volley of fire for the shore ;
which they had no sooner reached, than the officers leaped out of
the boat with the marines, and led them immediately to the charge
up the hill, driving three times their number of the enemy into a
four-gun battery, which they instantly stormed, putting all to the
sword, and spiking the guns. The vessels were boarded and carried
by Sir Peter Parker in the most dashing aud brilliant style, though
moored within half pistol-shot of the batteries. Cries of Welling-
ton" and "Nelson" (the sign and countersign of the night) re-
sounded through the harbour, and on the hill proclaimed possession
of the battery and the vessels.
The bright career of this brave officer terminated in the war
against the United States. He still commanded the Menelaus
frigate of thirty-eight guns. Determined to make a diversion in
favour of the British army on the side of Baltimore, he sailed up the
Chesapeake, and resolved by a night attack to surprise the enemy's
forces, and destroy their camp. Accordingly, on the night of the
3oth of August, 1814, at eleven o'clock, he landed a body of seamen,
and a party of marines, not exceeding altogether one hundred and
forty men; and after a march of four miles reached the enemy. He
found him drawn up in a plain, surrounded by woods, with their
camp in the rear, and their strength consisting of five hundred
militia, a troop of horse, and five pieces of artillery. He attacked
them immediately, and compelled them to a rapid retreat behind
their cannon. While animating his men to pursue their success, Sir
Peter was mortally wounded by a musket shot. On receiving his
wound he smiled, and said to one of his lieutenants, They have hit
me, Pearce, at last, but it is nothing; push on, my brave fellows,
and follow me !" cheering his men with such undaunted heroism,
that e en his dying accents may be said to have been strains of
triumph. The men as enthusiastically returned his cheer. He ad-
E2






52 THE BA TITLE OF CAMPERDO WN.
vanced at their head a few paces farther, when staggering under the
rapid flow of blood from the wound, he fell into the arms of his
second lieutenant, Mr. Pearce, and faintly desiring him to sound the
bugle, to collect the men, and leave him on the field, he finally sur-
rendered without a sigh his brave spirit to the mercy of heaven.
His men collected around his body, and swore never to deliver it
up to the enemy but with their lives. A handful of gallant fellows
bore him from the field, before a force four times superior. The men
who carried him were occasionally changed; but a sailor of the '
name of William Porrel refused to quit the body a moment, and un-
relieved sustained his portion of the weight to the shore. When it
was suggested by some present, that the enemy might rally and cut
off their retreat, he exclaimed, No never shall a Yankee lay a
hand on the body of my captain, while I have life or strength to de-
fend it." Sir Peter Parker was only twenty-eight years of age when
he died.

Anecdote of Admiral Gardner.

In the memorable victory gained by Earl Howe over the French
fleet in the Channel, on the ist of June, 1794, Sir Allan Gardner
served as Rear-Admiral of the White, and contributed by his intre-
pidity to the success of the action. On the morning of that day, the
English and French fleets being in order of battle, when the British
admiral threw out the signal to bear up, and for each ship to engage
her opponent, Rear-Admiral Gardner desired his crew not to fire
until they should be "near enough to scorch the Frenchmen's
beards."

Anecdotes of the Battle of Camperdown.

In the battle of Camperdown, when Admiral Lord Duncan gained
so important a victory over the Dutch fleet, there were several
women on board the Venerable, the English admiral's flag ship.
Among these, a sailor's wife was shot by the side of her husband,
whom she was assisting at his gun. Another young woman had
the lanthorn bottle shot from her hand, while she was holding it
for the surgeon to dress the wounds of her father ; and perceiving
him look terrified, she ran to him and cried, If you have not
received any more hurt, never mind the lanthorn. I am safe and
sound, thank God, but how are you ? 0 father, how are you ?"






THE BATTLE OF CAMPERDO WN. 53

The description of the general bravery of the crew in this brilliant
action can only be surpassed in its effects by the account of the de-
solation of the victor, as well as the vanquished ships after the battle
was gained. The Dutch vessels were a wreck of human nature and
human art. The vessels fore and aft, from the stern to the stem,
were clogged with carcasses ; the scuppers were running with blood
in such torrents, that the foot of caution itself could not move with-
out some sanguinary mark: and finally, multitudes of beings, in the
pride of their days, and who never met, scarcely in the same hemi-
sphere, till the moment of battle, were now covered with wounds;
and so defaced and disfigured, that the surviving mariner was unable
even to distinguish his messmate, the father his son, or the child his
father.
After the capture of the fleet, as the Dutch admiral was ascending
the side of the Venerable, to do homage to the British conqueror, a
sailor who had been on the watch some time, no sooner saw De
Winter mounting the vessel, than he eagerly thrust his head from an
open port hole, and exclaimed, Mynheer admiral, we have been long
on the look-out for you, and I am glad to see you with all my heart;
you will be kindly received on the quarter-deck, I am positive; so
you ought to be, for you fought us like a dragon, and knocked us
about with your balls like nine pins, for which I hope you will first
let me shake your honour's hand." De Winter presented his hand,
and the blunt English sailor received it respectfully.
Lord Duncan's reception of his venerable captive was an interest-
ing sight. He stood ready at the border of the ship to offer him the
embrace of a generous victor, fully sensible of the bravery of the
vanquished. De Winter was much affected : and with deep emotion
exclaimed, admiral you see before you the only Dutch naval
commander ever taken alive: but why should I droop ? a thousand
open mouths of my ship, and of yours also, bear witness, and will
speak for me. They will certify that I did not quit my vessel till she
was a wreck."
Dr. Duncan, the chaplain to Lord Duncan, relates the following
anecdote of Covey, a marine, who lost both his legs on board the
Venerable, his lordship's flag ship at the battle of Camperdown :
"You are not," says the doctor, "to imagine that I was circum-
scribed to the narrow bounds of my clerical office ; in the day of
blood I was on triple duty; alternately acting as a sailor, chaplain,
and surgeon's assistant, when the battle might be truly said to bleed
in every vein. I was now called to minister to the recoverable, now
to the irrecoverable. A marine of the name of Covey was brought
down to the surgery deprived of both his legs ; and it was necessary







54 A BRA VE WELSHMAN.
some hours after to amputate still higher. I suppose,' says Covey,
'those scissors will finish the business of the bullet, Master Mate ?'
'Indeed, my brave fellow,' cried the surgeon, 'there is some fear of
it.' Well, never mind,' said Covey, 'I've lost my legs, to be sure,
and mayhap may lose my life ; but we have beat the Dutch, my boy,
we have beat the Dutch : this blessed day my legs have been shot off,
so I'll have another cheer for it-huzza huzza !' Covey recovered,
and was cook of one of the ships in ordinary at Portsmouth, where
he died in 1805.

A Brave Welshman.

In the reign of King William III. one Griffith, a Welshman, had
the misfortune (or rather good fortune) to be taken by a French
privateer, which not only plundered him of all his fishing tackle and
cargo, but carried off his little sloop, and removed him and his crew,
consisting only of another man and boy, on board the privateer. In
the night time, the French watch being under no apprehension from
the few prisoners, fell asleep upon the deck, which the vigilant cap-
tain observing, made the best of his time ; and arming himself with
a hatchet, and his man and boy with handspikes, first fastened down
the hatches on the crew below, and fell to work with the watch,
whom they killed, before they were well awake, and threw over-
board; Griffith, by this means, became master of the privateer,
which, with the crew, the ancient Briton brought into an English
port.
His Majesty was so charmed with the boldness of the action and
the modesty of the Briton, who, instead of growing elate upon it,
lamented only the loss of the little sloop, that he caused an inquiry
to be made into his character ; and finding he had been a tar from
his cradle, and always a bold and resolute man, ordered him into
his presence, and a twenty-gun ship-of-war to be given him. He
behaved so well in that station, that we find him pretty early in the
next reign, captain of a thirty-gun ship, in one of the neutral ports
in Italy, in which was likewise a seventy-gun French man-of-war.
The two captains fell accidentally into company together, when the
Frenchman indulged in some vain boasting as to his master's naval
force; and though he seemed to own that in a general engagement
the English were rather more than a match for them, yet he con-
tended, that the French, singly, ship for ship, equal burden, always
prevailed by their superior number of men. The bold Briton denied
the latter part of the position ; and fired with indignation, told him
if he had had the fortune to have met him at sea, he would have





GALLANT INTERPOSITION. 55
proved it by staking his little ship in opposition to his large one.
The Frenchman, who looked on his adversary as a kind of British
Gascon, who had more courage than wit, tempted him yet further ;
and at last said he would give him the opportunity he wished for, by
following him to sea on the expiration of the neutral hours. Griffith
took him at his word, and sailed away, leaving the French captain
exulting in his finesse, and joking through the town on the rashness
of the fiery Welshman, with whom he promised to return in tow the
next day. The two ships met at the place appointed ; Griffith wel-
comed the Frenchman by a broadside, and after that by another,
before the enemy was ready to return the fire. The event of this
naval duel, as we may call it, after a long and hot dispute, was, that
the Frenchman being obliged to strike, was carried back again in
triumph to Leghorn, to the great amazement, as well as diversion,
of the whole town.
The brave Briton signified his success to the Admiralty in a letter
written with his own hand, more laconic than elegant, and addressed
" To their Honours and Glories of the Admiralty." As our valiant
captain could fight his ship much better than he could write a letter,
it gave as much pleasure to the Board, as the relation of the rise,
progress, and event of the hardy action by the hand of the British
consul at that place, did astonishment and wonder. The royal ac-
knowledgment was sent him for his service, and he was ordered
home with his prize. Upon his arrival, he was presented with the
queen's pardon in form ; which he was going to throw at the mes-
senger's head, had not his officers, and some gentlemen who were
come to pay him a visit on his landing, interposed. All their en-
deavours, however, could not make him understand, that in wan-
tonly risking the queen's ship, he had incurred the guilt of high
t:eason ; swearing, That he saw no treason in taking an enemy
more than double his force." And though he was pacified when he
found he was to command his own prize, yet he would not accept
it, unless he had his brave boys to a man along with him. Her
Majesty was pleased not only to grant him this favour, but to leave
to him also the nomination of his officers.

Gallant Interposition.

In the battle between Lord Hawke and the French, the gallant
admiral finding so much to depend on the capture of the French
admiral's ship, the Soleil Royale, desired to be laid alongside her ; but
the pilot hesitatingly replied, that he feared to do so, from the rocky





56 A SEA FIGHT--CAPTAIN HORNBY.
shoals of the coast off which the battle raged. Hawke, however,
was not to be dissuaded, and bore down upon her, with every gun
double shotted. The captain of a French seventy-four gun ship, the
Surveillante, aware of Hawke's design, gallantly threw his ship
between Hawke and the French admiral, in time to receive Lord
Hawke's fire, which saved the French admiral, but sent the Surveil-
lante, and every soul on board, to the bottom.

A Sea Fight.-Captain Hornby.

Mr. Richard Hornby, of Stokesley, was master of a merchant ship,
the Isabella, of Sunderland, in which he sailed from the coast of
Norfolk for the Hague, June i, 1744, in company with three smaller
vessels recommended to his care. Next day they made Gravesant
Steeple, in the Hague ; but while they were steering for their port, a
French privateer, that lay concealed among the Dutch fishing boats,
suddenly came against them, singling out the Isabella as the object
of attack, while the rest dispersed and escaped. The strength of the
two ships was most unequal; for the Isabella mounted only four
carriage guns and two swivels, and her crew consisted of only five
men and three boys besides the captain; while the privateer, the
Marquis de Brancas, commanded by Captain Andre, had ten car-
riage guns and eight swivels, with seventy-five men and three
hundred small arms. Yet Captain Hornby was nothing daunted.
Having animated his little crew by an appropriate address, and
obtained their promise of standing by him to the last, he hoisted
the British colours, and with his two swivel guns returned the fire of
the enemy's chase guns. The Frenchmen, in abusive terms, com-
manded him to strike. Hornby coolly returned an answer of
defiance, on which the privateer advanced, and poured such showers
of bullets into the Isabella, that the captain found it prudent to
order his brave fellows into close quarters. While he lay thus
sheltered, the enemy twice attempted to board him on the larboard
quarter; but by a dexterous turn of the helm he frustrated both
attempts, though the Frenchmen kept firing upon him with both
guns and small arms. At two o'clock, when the action had lasted
an hour, the privateer running furiously in upon the aboard of the
Jsabella, entangled her bowsprit among the main shrouds, and was
lashed fast to her. Captain Andrd now bawled out in a menacing
tone, "You English dog, strike !" Captain Hornby challenged
him to come on board and strike his colours if he dared. The
exasperated Frenchman instantly threw in twenty men on the





A SEA FIGHT-CAPTAIN HORNBY. 57
Isabella, who began to hack and hew into the close quarters ; but a
general discharge of blunderbusses forced the assailants to retreat as
fast as their wounds would permit them.
The privateer being now disengaged from the Isabella, turned
about and made another attempt on the starboard side, when the
valiant Hornby and his mate shot each his man as the enemy were
again lashing the ships together. The Frenchman once more com-
manded him to strike ; and the brave Englishman returning another
refusal, twenty fresh men entered, and made a fierce attack on the
close quarters with hatchets and pole-axes, with which they had
nearly cut their way through in three places, when the constant fire
kept up by Captain Hornby and his crew obliged them a second
time to retreat, carrying their wounded with them, and hauling
their dead after them with boat-hooks.
The Isabella continuing still lashed to the enemy, the latter, with
small arms, fired repeated and terrible volleys into the close quarters ;
but the fire was returned with such spirit and effect, that the French-
men repeatedly gave way. At length Captain Hornby seeing them
crowding behind their mainmast for shelter, aimed a blunderbuss at
them, which being by mistake doubly loaded, containing twice
twelve balls, burst in the firing, and threw him down, to the great
consternation of his little crew, who supposed him dead. In an
instant, however, he started up again, though greatly bruised, while
the enemy, among whom the blunderbuss had made dreadful havoc,
disengaged themselves from the Isabella, to which they had been
lashed an hour and a quarter, and sheered off with precipitation,
leaving their grapplings, and a quantity of pole-axes, pistols, and
cutlasses behind them.
The gallant Hornby now exultingly fired his two starboard guns
into the enemy's stern. The indignant Frenchman immediately
returned, and renewed the conflict, which was carried on yardarm
and yardarm, with great fury, for two hours together. The Isabella
was shot through her hull several times, her sails and rigging were
torn to pieces, her ensign was dismounted, and every mast and yard
damaged; yet she still bravely maintained the combat, and at last,
by a fortunate shot, which struck the Brancas between wind and
water, obliged her to sheer off and careen. While the enemy were
retiring, Hornby and his little crew sallied out from their fastness,
and erecting their fallen ensign, gave three cheers.
By this time both vessels had driven so near the English shore
that immense crowds had assembled to be spectators of the action.
The Frenchman having stopped his leak, returned to the combat,
4nd poured a dreadful volley into the stern of the Isabella, when






58 A SEA FIGHT-CAPTAIN HORNBY.
Captain Hornby was wounded by a ball in the temple, and bled
profusely. The sight of their brave commander, streaming with
blood, somewhat disconcerted his gallant companions, but he called
to them briskly to keep their courage, and stand to their arms, for
his wound was not dangerous. On this their spirits revived, and
again taking post in their close quarters, they sustained the shock of
three more tremendous broadsides, in returning'which they forced
the Brancas, by another well-aimed shot, a second time to sheer off
and careen. The huzzas of the Isabella's crew were renewed, and
they again set up their shattered ensign, which was shot through
and through into honourable rags.
Andrd, who was not deficient in bravery, soon returned to the
fight, and having disabled the Isabella by five terrible broadsides,
once more summoned Hornby, with terrible menaces, to strike his
colours. Captain Hornby turned to his gallant comrades, "You
see yonder, my lads," pointing to the shore, the witnesses of your
valour." It was unnecessary to say more ; they one and all assured
him of their resolution to stand by him to the last; and finding them
thus invincibly determined, he hurled his final defiance at the
enemy.
Andrd immediately ran his ship upon the Isabella's starboard, and
lashed close alongside ; but his crew murmured, and refused to
renew the dangerous task of boarding, so that he was obliged to cut
the lashings and again retreat.
Captain Hornby resolved to salute the privateer with one parting
gun ; and this last shot fired into the stern of the Brancas happening
to reach the magazine, it blew up with a tremendous explosion, and
the vessel instantly went to the bottom. Out of seventy-five men,
thirty-six were killed or wounded in the action, and all the rest,
together with the wounded, perished in the deep, except three, who
were picked up by the Dutch fishing boats.
This horrible catastrophe excited the compassion of the brave
Hornby and his men ; but they could, unfortunately, render no
assistance to their ill-fated enemies, the Isabella having become un-
manageable, and her boat being shattered to pieces.
Mr. Horby afterwards received from his sovereign a large gold
medal, in commemoration of his heroic conduct on this occasion;
conduct, perhaps, not surpassed by anything in the annals of British
naval prowess.






59


After Wreck.

V If there is any situation in life in which the wise dispensation of
Providence, in concealing the future from us, is more strikingly
manifest, than in another, it is in cases of shipwreck; for if the
wretched mariner could foresee, that in escaping the fury of the
elements at sea, he would have to encounter still greater and more
protracted miseries on shore, he would scarcely be induced to make
the efforts necessary for his preservation. But the sailor in venturing
on a voyage, learns
To bear with accidents, and every change
Of various life ; to struggle with adversity;
To wait the leisure of the righteous gods ;
Till they, in their own good appointed hour,
Shall bid his better days come forth at once;
A long and shining train."
The whole records of disasters at sea do not perhaps furnish such
an instance of protracted sufferings and perilous adventures as those
which the crew of the Grosvenor, East Indiaman, encountered
during a period of 117 days. This vessel sailed from Trincomalee,
in the Island of Ceylon, for Europe, on the I3th of June, 1782. On
the 3rd of August, Captain Coxon, her commander, considered
himself a hundred miles from the nearest land; but on the fol-
lowing day the ship struck on some rocks within three hundred
yards of the shore. To save her was impossible; destruction and
despair were seen on every countenance, and the utmost confusion
prevailed. Those most composed were employed in devising means
to gain the shore, and set about framing a raft of such masts, yards,
and spars, as could be got together, hoping by this expedient to
convey the women and children, and the sick, safe to land. In the
meantime, a Lascar, and two Italians, attempted to swim ashore
with the deap-sea line ; one of the latter perished in the waves, but
the others succeeded. By means of a small line, a large one, and
afterwards a hawser, were conveyed to the shore; the natives, who
had crowded to the water's edge, assisting the sailors. The raft
being finished, it was launched overboard, but a nine-inch hawser,
by which it was held, broke, and the raft driving on shore, was
upset, by which three men were drowned. The yawl and jolly-boat
were no sooner hoisted out than they were dashed to pieces. Several
seamen gained the land by the hawser, and others were left on board,





60 AFTER WRECK.
when the vessel rent asunder, fore and aft. In this distressing
moment they crowded on the starboard quarter, which happily
floated into shoal water; by which means every one on board, even
the women and children, got safe on shore, except the cook's mate,
who was intoxicated, and could not be prevailed on to leave the ship.
When they had assembled on shore, they got some hogs and
poultry, which had floated from the wreck, and made a repast.
Two tents were made of two sails that had been driven ashore,
under which the ladies reposed for the first night. Next morning,
the natives, who were quite black and woolly-headed, came down,
and began to carry off whatever struck their fancy; but plunder
seemed to be their only object. A cask of beef, one of flour, and a
leaguer of arrack, were found and delivered to the captain ; who, on
the morning of the 7th, called the survivors of the shipwreck together,
and having divided the provisions among them, said, that as on
board he had been their commanding officer, he hoped that they
would still suffer him to continue his command. An unanimous cry
of "By all means," was the reply. He then informed them, that
from the best calculations he could make, he trusted to be able to
reach some of the Dutch settlements in fifteen or sixteen days, as he
intended to make for the Cape of Good Hope.
Thus encouraged, they set off cheerfully ; for
Hope
Is such a bait, it covers any hook;"
and they were therefore unwilling to damp their courage by melan-
choly forebodings. Mr. Logie, the chief mate, having for some
time been ill, was carried by two men in a hammock, slung on a
pole ; and in this laborious occupation all the men cheerfully shared.
A man of the name of O'Brien, being very lame, remained behind,
saying it was impossible to keep up with his shipmates, and he
would therefore endeavour to get some pewter from the wreck, and
make trinkets to ingratiate himself with the natives. The whole
company now set forward, and soon met about thirty of the natives ;
among whom was one Trout, a Dutchman, who had committed
murder, and had fled from justice. On learning the course they
were travelling, he recapitulated the difficulties they would meet
with, and gave them some good advice; but could not be prevailed
on to conduct them to the Cape. The next day they were stopped
by about four hundred of the savages, who, after pilfering and
insulting, at last began to beat them. Concluding that they were
marked for destruction, they determined to defend themselves to
the last extremity. After placing the women, children, and the





AFTER WRECK. 61
sick at some distance, under the protection of about a dozen of their
number, the remainder consisting of eighty or ninety, engaged their
opponents for two hours and a half; when getting possession of a
rising ground, they forced the natives to a sort of compromise.
Several of the company cut the buttons from their coats, and gave
them, with other little trinkets, to the natives, who then went away,
and returned no more.
In the night they were obliged to sleep in the open air, and to
make a fire, in order to keep off the wild beasts, whose howlings
continually disturbed them. A fresh party of the natives came and
plundered them, seizing the gentlemen's watches, and examining
the hair of the ladies, to see if diamonds were concealed in it. They
also took away what was then of more value than diamonds, or the
gold of Ophir, the tinder-box, flint, and steel, which was an irre-
parable loss, and obliged them to travel in future with fire-brands in
their hands.
After journeying together for some days, the provisions brought
along with them were nearly expended ; and the fatigue of travelling
with the women and children being very great, the sailors began to
murmur, and seemed every one determined to take care of himself.
Captain Coxon, with the first mate and his wife, Colonel and Mrs.
James, the purser, and several other officers, as well as seamen, with
five of the children, agreed to keep together, and travel slowly as
before. Captain Talbot, Mr. Shaw, and Mr. Trotter, the second and
fourth mates, with the remainder of the seamen, including John
Hynes, being in all about forty-three, went on before. A young
boy, Master Law, a passenger, seven or eight years old, crying after
one of the men, it was agreed to take him with them, and to carry
him by turns, whenever he should be unable to walk.
Both parties felt great pain at the separation, as they had little
hopes of meeting again; but next morning, early, the advancing
party having waited all night by the side of a river for the ebb tide,
were overtaken, and the whole party once more united, to their
great satisfaction. Two days afterwards they again separated,
thinking that by travelling in separate bodies, they would be less
likely to excite the jealousy of the natives. The party with the
second mate, which may be designated Hynes's party, as from him
the narrative is principally derived, travelled several days through
untrodden paths, crossing rivers two miles broad, and frequently
obliged to climb the trees to explore their way. Wild sorrel and
shell-fish, of which the supply was often very scanty, were their only
food; until a dead whale, the liver of which only could be eaten,
furnished them with a more substantial, though not more agreeable





62 AFTER WRECK.
meal, and a supply for some days. The party now resolved to
proceed inland; and after advancing, during three days and nights,
through a fine pleasant country, in which they saw many deserted
villages, they came to a river which they were unable to cross.
Captain Talbot was so much fatigued, that he could not proceed
with the rest of the company; and his faithful coxswain remained
with him behind. Neither of them was ever heard of after.
Master Law was still with Hynes's party, having borne the fatigues
of the journey in the most miraculous manner.
Another dead whale having been discovered, the party, with the
assistance of two spike nails which they had burnt out of a plank,
cut part of it, which they took in bags along with them; a dead
seal was another seasonable supply, and was carefully husbanded.
This party had been severely treated by the natives, and had lost
five of their number, including the carpenter. The command of the
company now devolved on the steward, as well as the care of the
child, whom he treated with great tenderness.
On arriving at a village, they obtained a young bullock, in
exchange for the inside of a watch and a few buttons. They killed
it with one of the lances belonging to the natives; and dividing it in
pieces, distributed them by lot. The skin was also cut in pieces;
and those obtaining portions of it made them into shoes. This was
the only instance of the party being able to get any sustenance from
the natives, except that the women sometimes gave the boy a little
milk. A sandy desert next occupied them ten days in passing,
during which no natives were seen ; but they afterwards came to a
small village, where they got a little milk for the boy, and after-
wards part of the flesh of some sea cows and sea lions, which were
hung up to dry in one of the huts. Two rivers were crossed, and
they now reposed two days, in hopes of their companions coming
up. But ten days afterwards they discovered by some small pieces
of rags scattered here and there on the way that they were before
them. Entering a large sandy desert, where little wood or water
was to be seen, they observed written on the sand at the entrance of
a deep valley, "Turn in here, and you will find plenty of wood and
water." This direction they hastened to obey, and saw from the
remains of fires and other traces, that their companions had rested
in a recess.
The sight of thirty or forty elephants terrified them; and they
were continually harassed by the natives, who killed one of their
party, and wounded John Hynes. The cooper died with the fatigue ;
and soon afterwards the little boy Law, whose tender frame, which
had borne so much suffering, at length sunk under it. This was an





AFTER WRECK. 63
afflicting circumstance for the whole party, who shed a tear of
sympathy over the youthful victim. They now began to suffer much
from thirst, as no water could be obtained, and several of them died.
Their number was now reduced to three, Hynes, Evans, and
Wormington, the boatswain's mate, who earnestly importuned his
companions to determine by lot who should die, that by drinking
his blood, the other two might be preserved ; but this the others re-
fused. They soon after came up with four of the steward's party,
who appeared to have suffered as much as themselves. One person
soon afterwards died ; and the remaining six journeyed onwards,
until they at length reached a Dutch settlement, where they were
hospitably entertained by one Roostoff, who lived about three or
four hundred miles from the Cape of Good Hope. Roostoff imme-
diately ordered a sheep to be killed, on which they breakfasted and
dined; and then another Dutchman, named Quin, who lived about
nine miles distant, brought a cart and six horses to convey them to
the Cape. It was on the 29th of November, that they reached
Roostoft's dwelling, having been a hundred and seventeen days oc-
cupied in their weary journey.
They were now forwarded in carts from one settlement to another,
to Zwellendam ; and during the whole way, wherever they passed
the night, the farmers assembled to hear their melancholy story;
and moved with compassion, supplied them with many articles of which
they stood in need. As a war then existed between Great Britain and
Holland, two of the men were sent to the governor of the Cape,
while the rest remained at Zwellendam. The governor hearing their
story, humanely sent a party, consisting of one hundred Europeans
and three hundred Hottentots, attended by a great number of
waggons, each drawn by eight oxen, in order to save such articles as
could be secured from the wreck ; and to rescue such of the sufferers
as might be discovered, or in the hands of the natives. Beads and
trinkets were sent to ransom them, if necessary. The party met
with no interruption from the natives for some time ; but they after-
wards obstructed the progress of the waggons, and the Dutch were
obliged to travel further on horseback. Only twelve of the wretched
sufferers, including seven Lascars and two black women, could be
found; and these, with the six sailors who had first reached the
Cape, were sent to England in a Danish ship.
The fate of this unfortunate company, and the belief of theirbeing
alive, excited great commiseration; and in 1790, another expedition
was fitted out to go in quest of them ; but without success, although
the reports of the natives induced the belief that some of them were
still living.






64


Reduction of Porto Bello.

On the 20th November, 1739, a squadron consisting of the following
ships came in sight of Porto Bello :-Burford, 70 guns, Vice-Admi-
al Edward Vernon, Captain Thomas Watson ; Hampton Court, 70
guns, Commodore Charles Brown, Capt. Digby Dent; Worcester,
70 guns, Capt. Perry Mayne ; Straford, 60 guns, Capt. Thomas
Trevor; Princess Louise, 60 guns, Capt. Thos. Waterhouse ; Nor-
wick, 50 guns, Capt. Richard Herbert. On the 2ist, the squadron
worked up to the harbour, and at two P.M. the Hampton Court an-
chored close under the Iron, Castle, mounting 78 guns, with a battery
of twenty-two guns nearly level with the water. The Norwich and
Worcester next took up a position, and the united fire of those ships
soon silenced the fort. Vice-Admiral Vernon arriving up about this
time, and observing the slackness of the enemy's fire, ordered the
boats to assemble near him. The Spaniards now re-opened their
fire; but the Burford adding to the cannonade, again compelled
them to desist, and the soldiers in the lower battery were driven
from their guns by the small-arm men stationed in the ships' tops.
Upon this, the boats commanded by Lieutenant Thomas Broderick
put off, and in a short space of time the seamen, clambering up the
face of the rampart by the aid of each other's head and shoulders,
made themselves masters of the castle, and then advanced towards
the town. The Spaniards fled in all directions ; and as reinforce-
ments arrived from the squadron, all appearance of opposition
ceased, and a white flag was soon held out from the walls of the
town. The castles of Gloria and Jeronimo still held out; but, after
some negotiation, both surrendered on the following day. Gloria
castle, consisting of two regular bastions towards the bay, mounted
ninety-two guns, besides a line of eight guns pointing towards the
anchorage. Above this castle, on a sandy point running into the
bay, stood fort St. Jeronimo, a quadrangular redoubt mounting
twenty guns. These two castles commanded the anchorage, and,
together with the Iron Castle, rendered access to the harbour most
hazardous. The town of Porto Bello, built along the shore in the
form of a crescent, stood at the bottom of the bay. The loss of the
British was but slight : the Burford and Worcester had each three
men killed and five wounded, and on board the Hampton Court only
one man was wounded. By the 6th December, the whole of the
formidable fortifications, under the direction of Capt. Charles
Knowles and Captain Boscawen, were levelled to the ground.

























































p.64.
THE REDUCTION OF PORTO BE.LLO.





NOBLE RESIGNA TION. 65


A Last Shot.

An English frigate was obliged to strike to a French vessel of
superior force. The English captain, on resigning his sword, was
treated rather roughly by the French commander, who reproached
him for having, contrary to the usages of war, shot pieces of glass
from his guns. The English officer, conscious that no such thing
had been done, made inquiry into the matter among his men, and
found the fact to have been this. An Irish seaman, just before the
vessel struck, took a parcel of shillings out of his pocket, and swear-
ing the French rascals should have none of them, wrapped them in
a piece of rag, and thrust them into his gun, exclaiming, Let us,
see what a bribe can do !" These shillings flying about the vessel
were mistaken by the French for glass. The above explanation not
only satisfied them, but put them in a great good humour with their
Captives.

Noble Resignation.

On the reduction of Louisburg, in 1758, the island of St. John,
in the entrance of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, capitulated on the con-
dition that the inhabitants should be sent to France. The Duke
William transport, commanded by Captain Nicholls, took on board
nearly four hundred of them ; but on her way home encountered a
violent storm, which nearly dashed her to pieces. Every effort was
made to preserve the ship, in which the French, and even the women,
greatly assisted. There was a prisoner on board, who was a hundred
and ten years of age, the father of the whole island of St. John's,
and who had a number of children, grandchildren, and other rela-
tions on board. The gentleman, seeing no hopes that the vessel
could be saved, went to Captain Nicholls, and taking him in his
arms, said that he came by desire of the whole of his countrymen, to
request that he and his men would endeavour to save their own lives
in the boats. And," said the venerable patriarch, while the tears
trickled down his furrowed cheeks, as the boats are insufficient to
carry more than you and your crew, we will not be accessory to your
destruction. We are well convinced by your whole conduct that you
have done everything in your power for our preservation, but God
Almighty seems to have ordained that many of us must perish, and
our only wish and hope is, that you and your men may reach the,
shore in safety."
F





66 SAILORS' SUFFERINGS.
Such generosity and gratitude, for only doing a duty in endeavour-
ing to save the lives of the prisoners, as well as their own, astonished
Captain Nicholls, and he replied, that although there were no hopes
of life, yet, as they had all embarked in the same unhappy voyage,
they would all take the same chance, and share the same fate. The
old gentleman strongly remonstrated, and reminded the captain that
if he did not acquaint his people with the offer he would have to
answer for their lives. Captain Nicholls then mentioned it to the
crew, who said they would cheerfully remain on board if any plan
could be devised for the preservation of the others ; but that being
impossible, they would not refuse to comply with their earnest re-
quest. The people then thanking them for their great kindness,
bade them an eternal farewell, and, hastening down the stern ladder,
got into the boat, to the number of twenty-seven. A French priest,
who was under strong apprehensions of death, was at his earnest
request taken into the boat. Just as they had left the vessel her
decks blew up, she instantly sunk in the ocean, and three hundred
and sixty persons perished with her. Captain Nicholls and his men
reached the coast of Cornwall in safety, and landed at Penzance.

Sailors' Sufferings.

Captain David Harrison, who commanded a sloop, of New York,
called the Peggy, has left a melancholy narrative of the sufferings of
himself and his crew, when in a voyage from Fayal, one of the
Azores, in 1769. A storm, which had continued for some days suc-
cessively, blew away the sails and shrouds, and on the Ist of Decem-
ber one shroud on a side and the mainsail alone remained. In this
situation they could make very little way, and all their provisions
were exhausted, except bread, of which but a small quantity was left;
they came at last to an allowance of a quarter of a pound a day, with
a quart of water and a pint of wine for each man.
The ship was now become very leaky; the waves were swelled into
mountains by the storm, and the thunder rolled incessantly over
their heads in one dreadful, almost unintermitting peal. In this
frightful dilemma, either of sinking with the wreck, or floating in her
and perishing with hunger, two vessels came in sight; but such was
the tempest, that neither could approach, and they saw the vessels
that would willingly have relieved them disappear with sensations
more bitter than death itself. The allowance of bread and water,
though still farther contracted, soon exhausted their stores, and every
morsel of food was finished, and only about two gallons of water re-





SAILORS' SUFFERINGS. 67

mained in the bottom of a cask. The poor fellows who, while they
had any sustenance, continued obedient to the captain, were now
driven by desperation to excess; they seized upon the cargo, and
because wine and brandy were all they had left, they drank of both
till the frenzy of hunger was increased by drunkenness, and exclama-
tions of distress were blended with curses and blasphemy. T1he dregs
of the water cask were abandoned to the captain, who, abstaining as
much as possible from wine, husbanded them with the greatest
economy.
In the midst of these horrors, this complication of want and ol
excess, of distraction and despair, they espied another sail. Every
eye was instantly turned towards it ; the signal of distress was hung
out, and they had the unspeakable satisfaction of being.near enough
to the ship to communicate their situation. Relief was promised by
the captain; but this, alas was but the mockery of woe ;" and
instead of sending the relief he had promised, the unfeeling wretch
crowded all sail, and left the distressed crew to all the agony of de-
spair which misery and disappointment could occasion.
The crew once more deserted, and cut off from their last hope,
were still prompted by an intuitive love of life to preserve it as long
as possible. The only living creatures on board the vessel, besides
themselves, were two pigeons and a cat. The pigeons were killed
immediately, and divided amongst them for their Christmas dinner.
The next day they killed the cat; and as there were nine persons to
partake of the repast, they divided her into nine parts, which they
disposed of by lot. The head fell to the share of Captain" Harrison,
and he declared that he never ate anything that he thought so de-
licious in his life.
The next day the crew began to scrape the ship's bottom for bar-
nacles; but the waves had beaten off those above water, and the
men were too weak to hang long over the ship's side. During nil
this time the poor wretches sought only to forget their misery in in-
toxication; and while they were continually heating wine in the
steerage, the captain subsisted upon the dirty water at the bottom of
the cask, half a pint of which, with a few drops of Turlington's
balsam, was his whole subsistence for twenty-four hours.
To add to their calamity, they had neither candle nor oil, and they
were in consequence compelled to pass sixteen hours out of the
twenty-four in total darkness, except the glimmering light of thefire.
Still, however, by the help of their only sail, they made a little way;
but on the 28th of December another storm overtook them, which
blew their only sail to rags. The vessel now lay like a wreck on the
water, and was wholly at the mercy of the winds and waves.
F 2.





68 SAILORS' SUFFERINGS.
How they subsisted from this time to the i3th of January, sixteen
days, does not appear, as their biscuit had been long exhausted, and
the last bit of animal food which they tasted was the cat on the 26th
of December; yet on the i3th of January they were all alive, and
the crew, with the mate at their head, came to the captain in the
cabin, half drunk indeed, but with sufficient sensibility to express
the horror of their purpose in their countenances. They said that
they could hold out no longer ; their tobacco was exhausted ; they
had eaten up all the leather belonging to the pump, and even the
buttons from their jackets ; and that now they had no means of pre-
venting their perishing together but by casting lots which of them
should be sacrificed for the sustenance of the rest. The captain en-
deavoured to divert them from their purpose until the next day, but
in vain ; they became outrageous, and with execrations of peculiar
horror, swore that what was to be done must be done immediately;
that it was indifferent to them whether he acquiesced or dissented;
and that though they had paid him the compliment of acquainting
him with their resolution, yet they would compel him to take his
chance with the rest, for general misfortune put an end to personal
distinction.
The captain resisted, but in vain ; the men retired to decide on the
fate of some victim, and in a few minutes returned, and said the lot
had fallen on the negro, who was part of the cargo. The poor
fellow knowing what had been determined against him, and seeing
one of the crew loading a pistol to despatch him, implored the cap-
tain to save his life; but he was instantly dragged to the steerage,
and shot through the head.
Having made a large fire, they began to cut the negro up almost
as soon as he was dead, intending to fry his entrails for supper; but
James Campbell, one of the foremast men, being ravenously im-
patient for food, tore the liver out of the body, and devoured it raw;
the remainder of the crew, however, dressed the meat, and continued
their dreadful banquet until two o'clock in the morning.
The next day the crew pickled the remainder of the negro's body,'
except the head and fingers, which, by common consent, they threw
overboard. The captain refused to take any part of it, and con-
tinued to subsist on the dirty water. On the third day after the
death of the negro, Campbell, who had devoured the liver raw, died
raving mad, and his body was thrown overboard, the crew dreading
the consequences of eating it. The negro's body was husbanded
with rigid economy, and lasted the crew, now consisting of six
persons, from the 13th to the 26th ofJanuary, when they were again
reduced to total abstinence, except their wine. This they endured





SAILORS' SUFFERINGS. 69
until the 29th, when the mate again came to the captain at the head
of the men, and told him it was now become necessary that they
should cast lots a second time. The captain endeavoured again to
reason them from their purpose, but without success; and therefore
considering that if they managed the lot without him, he might not
have fair play, consented to see it decided.
The lot now fell upon David Flat, a foremast man. The shock
of the decision was so great that the whole company remained
motionless and silent for some time; when the poor victim, who
appeared perfectly resigned, broke silence, and said, My dear
friends, messmates, and fellow sufferers, all I have to beg of you is
to despatch me as soon as you did the negro, and to put me to as
little torture as possible." Then turning to one Doud, the man who
shot the negro, he said, It is my desire that you should shoot me."
Doud reluctantly consented. The victim begged a short time to
prepare himself for death, to which his companions most readily
agreed. Flat was much respected by the whole ship's company, and
during this awful interval they seemed inclined to save his life ; yet
finding no alternative but to perish with him, and having in some
measure lulled their sense of horror at the approaching scene by a
few draughts of wine, they prepared for the execution, and a fire
was kindled in the steerage to dress their first meal as soon as their
companion should become their food.
As the dreadful moment approached, their compunction increased,
and friendship and humanity at length triumphed over hunger and
death. They determined that Flat should live at least until eleven
o'clock the next morning, hoping, as they said, that the Divine
Goodness would in the meantime open some other source of relief.
At the same time they begged the captain to read prayers ; a task
which, with the utmost effort of his collected strength, he was
scarcely able to perform. As soon as prayers were over, the
company went to their unfortunate friend Flat, and with great
earnestness and affection expressed their hopes that God would
interpose for his preservation ; and assuring him, that though they
never yet could catch or even see a fish, yet they would put out all
their hooks again, to try if any relief could be procured.
Poor Flat, however, could derive little comfort from the concern
they expressed ; and it is not improbable that their friendship and
affection increased the agitation of his mind ; such, however, it was,
that he could not sustain it, for before midnight he grew almost
totally deaf, and by four o'clock in the morning was raving mad.
His inessmates, who discovered the alteration, debated whether it
would not he an act of humanity to despatch him immediately;






7G SAILORS" SUFFERINGS.
but the first resolution, of sparing him till eleven o'clock, pre-
vailed.
About eight in the morning, as the captain was ruminating in his
cabin on the fate of this unhappy wretch, who had but three hours
to live, two of his people came hastily down, with uncommon ardour
in their looks, and seizing both his hands, fixed their eyes upon him
without saying a word. A sail had been discovered, and the sight
had so far overcome them that they were for some time unable to
speak. The account of a vessel being in sight of signals struck the
captain with such excessive and tumultuous joy, that he was very
near expiring under it. As soon as he could speak, he directed every
possible signal of distress. His orders were obeyed with the utmost
alacrity; and as he lay in his cabin, he had the inexpressible hap-
piness of hearing them jumping upon deck, and crying out, She
nighs us, she nighs us she is standing this way."
The approach of the ship being more and more manifest every
moment, their hopes naturally increased, and they proposed a can
to be taken immediately for joy. The captain dissuaded them all
from it, except the mate, who retired and drank it to himself.
After continuing to observe the progress of the vessel for some
hours, with all the tumult and agitation of mind that such a suspense
could not fail to produce, they had the mortification to find the gale
totally die away, so that the vessel was becalmed at only two miles'
distance. They did not, however, suffer long from this circumstance,
for in a few minutes they saw a boat put out from the ship's stern,
and row towards them full manned, and with vigorous despatch.
As they had been twice before confident of deliverance, and disap-
pointed, and as they still considered themselves tottering on the brink
of eternity, the conflict between their hopes and fears during the
approach of the boat was dreadful. At length, however, she came
alongside ; but the appearance of the crew was so ghastly that the
men rested upon their oars, and with looks of inconceivable asto-
nishment, asked what they were.
Being at length satisfied, they came on board, and begged the
people to use the utmost expedition in quitting the wreck, lest they
should be overtaken by a gale of wind, that would prevent their
getting back to the ship. The captain, being unable to stir, was
lifted out of his cabin, and lowered into the boat .by ropes; his
people followed him, with poor Flat still raving, and they were just
putting off, when one of them observed that the mate was still
wanting. He was immediately called to, and the can of joy had
Just left him power to crawl to the gunnel, with a look of idiotic
astonishment, having to all appearance forgot everything that had






GALLANTRY OF A WOMAN AT PONDICHERR 7r
happened. The poor drunken creature was with difficulty got into
the boat, and in about an hour they all reached the ship in safety,
which was the Susannak, of London, commanded by Captain
Thomas Evers. He received them with the greatest tenderness and
humanity, and promised to lay by the wreck until the next morning,
that he might, if possible, save some of Captain Harrison's pro-
perty; but the wind blowing very hard before night, he was obliged
to quit her, and she probably, with her cargo, went to the bottom
before morning.
The crew had been without provisions fortyfive days. The mate,
James Doud, who shot the negro, and one Warner, a seaman, died
on the passage. The remainder, including Flat, who continued
mad during the voyage, arrived safe in the Susannah, in the Downs,
in the beginning of March; whence Captain Harrison proceeded on
shore, and made the proper attestation on oath of the facts related
in this melancholy narrative.


Gallantry of a Woman at Pondicherry, in
August, 1748.

Upon this occasion a woman fought in the marine ranks, of the
name of Hannah Snell, a native of Worcester, who, after many
chequered destinies, enlisted at Portsmouth in Colonel Frazer's
regiment, from whence she was embarked with a detachment on
board the Swallow sloop, one of Admiral Boscawen's squadron. In
this affair she behaved with distinguished courage, having fired 37
rounds, and received a ball in the side, which two days afterwards,
she herself extracted, and likewise dressed the wound. Eleven
others in both legs, but of inferior consequence also, rendered her
removal to the hospital at Cuddalore absolutely necessary, where
she continued three months.
When recovered, she was ordered on board the Elt/am frigate,
in which she continued till that ship returned home and was paid
off. After receiving her discharge from the marine service, in com-
pany with many of her companions, she set out for London. The
time arrived when they were to bid each other a long adieu; this
moment she chose to discover her sex, in order to attest the truth
of her adventures. One of her friends tendered his hand, which
was declined. She afterwards wore the marine dress, and having
presented a petition to his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland,
he, with a princely spirit, attended to her prayer, and placed her on






"72 DESTRUCTION OF ADMIRAL GRA VES'S FLEET.
the king's list for a pension of 301. a year for life. This she enjoyed
for several years, until after a long residence at Walsall, in Stafford-
shire, her days were closed.

Destruction of Admiral Graves's Fleet.

"The greatest naval catastrophe that ever arose from the violence
of the elements, occurred to the fleet under the command of Admiral
Graves, in August, 1782. It far exceeds in the melancholy catalogue
of ships and human beings buried beneath the waves, any disaster of
a similar nature recorded in the naval history of Britain. All
the trophies of Lord Rodney's victory, except the Ardent, perished
in the storm ; two British ships of the line foundered; an incredible
number of merchantmen under convoy were lost; and the number
of lives that perished exceeded three thousand.
It was on the 25th of July that Admiral Graves hoisted his flag
on board the Ramillies, of seventy-four guns, having under his
orders the Canada and Centaur, with the Pallas frigate, and the
following French ships taken by Lord Rodney the preceding August,
namely, the Ville de Paris, the Glorieux, Hector, Ardent, Caton,
and Jason. All these vessels were in a very wretched condition.
The Ardent was ordered back to Port Royal, and the Jason never
joined the fleet. The rest sailed from Bluefields Bay, on the i5th of
July, and proceeded" homewards. On the I7th of September a vio-
lent storm arose, which, in a few minutes, reduced the Ramillies to
a very shattered condition. The cabin where the admiral lay was
;flooded, and his cot-bed jerked down by the violence of the shock
and the ship's instantaneous revulsion, so that he was obliged to pull
on his boots half-leg deep in water, without any stockings, to huddle
on wet clothes, and get on deck. At dawn of day the people of the
Ramillies beheld the Dutton, formerly an East Indiaman, but then
a store-ship, go down head foremost, the fly of her ensign being the
last thing visible. A lieutenant of the navy who commanded her,
leaped from the deck into the sea, and was soon overwhelmed by its
billows ; but twelve or thirteen of the crew contrived to push off one
of the boats; and running with the wind, succeeded in reaching a
ship, which fortunately descrying them, flung over a number of
ropes, by the help of which these daring fellows scrambled up her
side, and were fortunately saved.
Out of ninety-four or ninety-five sail seen the day before, hardly
twenty could now be counted. Of the ships of war there were dis-
cerned, the Canada, half full, down upon the lee quarter, her main-






DESTRUCTION OF ADMIRAL GRA VES'S FLEET. 73
topmast and the mizenmast gone, and otherwise much damaged.
The Centaur was without masts, bowsprit, or rudder; and the
Glorieux without foremast, bowsprit, or main topmast. Of these,
the two latter perished with all their crew, except the captain of the
Centaur, who, with a few others, slipped off from her stern into one
of the boats without being noticed, and so escaped the fate of the
rest. The Ville de Paris appeared unhurt, and was commanded by
Captain George Wilkinson, a most experienced seaman, who had
made twenty-four voyages to and from the West Indies, and had
therefore been pitched upon to lead the fleet through the gulf; she
was, however, afterwards buried in the ocean with all on board her,
consisting of more than eight hundred people. Of the convoy, be-
sides the Dutton and the British Queen, seven more were discovered
without mast or bowsprit, eighteen had lost masts, and several others
had foundered.
The Ramillies had at this time six feet water in the hold, and the
pumps would not free her, the water having worked out the oakum.
The admiral therefore gave orders for all the buckets to be remained,
and every officer to help towards freeing the ship; this enabled her
to sail on, and keep pace with some of the merchantmen ; but
Spite of the seaman's toil the storm prevails :
In vain, with skilful strength he binds the sails;
In vain the cordy cables bind them fast;
At once it rips and rends them from the mast;
At once the winds the flutt'ring canvas tear,
Then whirl and whisk it thro' the sportive air."
In the evening it was found necessary to dispose of the forecastle
and aftermost quarter-deck guns, together with some of the shot and
other articles of very great weight ; and the frame of the ship having
opened during the night, the admiral was next morning prevailed
upon, by the renewed and pressing remonstrances of his officers, to
allow ten guns more to be thrown overboard. The ship still con-
tinuing to open very much, the admiral ordered tarred canvas and
hides to be nailed fore' and aft, from under the fills of the ports on
the main deck, and on the lower deck. Her increasing damage re-
quiring more still to be done, the admiral directed all the guns on
the upper deck, the shot both on that and the lower deck, with vari-
ous heavy stores, to be thrown overboard.
The Ramillies still getting worse and worse, notwithstanding the
unabated exertions of every one on board, the officers united in en-
treating the admiral to go into one of the merchant vessels, then in
sight; but this he positively refused to do, saying that it would be






74 DESTRUCTION OF ADMIRAL GRA VES'S FLEET.
unpardonable in a commander-in-chief to desert his comrades in the
hour of distress-that his living a few years longer was of little con-
sequence, but that by leaving his ship at such a time, he should set
a bad example to his crew.
On the evening of the 2oth, the water continuing to increase, not-
withstanding the anchors were cut away, and all the lower deck guns
were thrown overboard ; the people, who had hitherto borne their
calamities without a murmur, began to despair, and earnestly ex-
pressed a desire to quit the ship, lest they should all founder in her.
The admiral advanced, and addressing himself to the crew, said,
"My brave fellows, although I and my officers have the same regard,
for our own lives that you have, yet I assure you we have no inten-
tion of deserting either you or the ship, and that we will stand or
fall together, as becomes men and Englishmen. As to myself, I am
determined to try one night more on board the Ramillies. I hope
you will all remain with me, for one good day, with a moderate sea
and our exertions, may enable us to clear and secure the well from
the encroaching ballast; and then hands enough may be spared to
raise jury masts, that will carry the ship to Ireland. The sight of
the Ramillies alone, and the knowledge that she is manned so gal-
lantly, will be sufficient to protect the remaining part of the convoy.
But above all, as everything has now been done for her relief that
can be thought of, let us wait the event; and be assured, I will make
the signal directly for the trade to lie by during the night."
This temperate speech had the desired effect ; the firmness and
confidence with which he spoke, and their reliance on his seamanship
and judgment, as well as his constant presence and attention to
every accident, inspired them with new courage ; they returned to
their labours with cheerfulness, although they had had no rest from
the first fatal stroke. At three o'clock in the morning of the 21st,
the well being quite broken in, the frame and carcase of the ship
began to give way in every part, and the crew exclaimed that it was
impossible any longer to keep her above water. In this extremity
the admiral resolved not to lose a moment in removing the people,
whenever daylight should appear, but told the captain not to com-
municate any more of his intention, than that he proposed to remove
the sick and lame, at daybreak, and for this end he should call on
board all the boats of the merchantmen ; he, nevertheless, gave pri-
vate orders to the captain to have all the bread brought upon deck,
with a quantity of beef, pork, flour, &c., and to make every other
preparation necessary for the whole crew quitting the ship. Accord-
ingly at dawn the signal was made for the boats of the merchantmen,
but nobody suspected what was to follow until the bread was entirely






ANECDOTE OF CAPTAIN NESHAM. 75.
removed and the sick gone. About six o'clock the people themselves
were permitted to go off, and between nine and ten o'clock, there
being nothing further to direct or regulate, the admiral himself, after
shaking hands with every officer, and leaving his barge for their
better accommodation and transport, quitted for ever the Ramillies,
which had then nine feet water in her hold. He went into a small
leaky boat, laden with bread, out of which both himself and the-
surgeon who accompanied him, had to bale the water all the way.
He left behind him all his wine, furniture, books, charts, &c., being
unwilling to employ even a single servant in saving or packing up
what belonged to himself, in a time of such general calamity, or to
appear to fare better in any respect than his crew.
By half-past four all the complement had been taken out, and the
captain, first and third lieutenants, with every soul except the fourth
lieutenant, Mr. Chapman, had left her, and the latter gentleman was
left to carry into execution the admiral's orders for setting fire to the
wreck, when finally deserted. The hull burned rapidly, and the
flames quickly reached the powder, which was filled in the after
magazine, and had been lodged very high; the decks and upper
works, within thirty-five minutes, blew up with a horrid explosion,
while the bottom was precipitated into the ocean. The crew had
but just all reached the respective ships, when the wind rose to so
great a height, and so continued without intermission for six or seven
days successively, that no boat in the time could have lived on the
water. On so small an interval depended the salvation of more than
six hundred lives The admiral, who had got aboard the Belle,
Captain Forster, reached Cork harbour on the ioth of October.

Anecdote of Captain Nesham.

This gentleman was in France during the fury of the Revolution,
and while the popular rage was vented on the unfortunate bakers.
Passing through one of the streets, he perceived a baker in the hands
of the mob, who were hurrying him away d la lanterne. With all
the inconsiderate bravery of a generous tar, thoughtless of his own
danger, he rushed among the sanguinary multitude, and throwing
himself round the half-dead wretch, declared, that if they destroyed
one innocent man, they should the other." The extraordinary
generosity of this heroic action was not lost on the surrounding
multitude; and those very people, who but for him would have
exulted in the destruction of their victim, now carried him and his
deliverer before the National Convention. With loud shouts of






76 CAPTAIN H. WEIR'S NARROW ESCAPE.
applause he was welcomed, as having saved the life of a citizen;
was presented with a national sword, dedicated to such purposes,
and a civic crown placed on his head.

Captain H. Weir's Narrow Escape.

The following is an extract of a letter from Captain Henry Weir,
of his Majesty's ship Ferriter gun-brig, serving in Admiral Russel's
squadron, and dated North Sea, October 8, 1805 :-
"Last Sunday night was an evening of horror, glory, joy, and
sorrow to me. Just at dark two large French cutter-brigs ran
alongside, one on each beam, and with many opprobrious terms
ordered me on board. I had but nine guns to their thirty-six, and
was not prepared for such a rencontre. My courage and presence
of mind stuck to me, but with them it was only a word and a blow;
I prepared to surrender, and in reply ordered the commodore to
come on board me; his rejoinder was a broadside, which very
nearly deprived one half of us of existence : our jib-boom just
cleared his taffrail when I gave him our larboard guns. They both
wore and kept up a well-directed fire until about eight o'clock, by
which time our quarters were well cleared, and we got the grape
ready, determined to sell our lives as dear as possible, as we had not
the least chance of escaping. At this moment I was under the neces-
sity of sinking all my papers, signals, instructions, &c., to cut away
one anchor, heave one useless gun overboard, and clear the decks
of every encumbrance. Our main-boom was shot away, all our
running rigging, some of the handing, most of the sails shattered;
one shot in the magazine, one in my bed place broke in four pieces;
both brigs within pistol-shot, and coming still nearer, and no help
nigh ; in this situation, when I had bade adieu to all worldly cares,
and sullenly resolved to sink, the enemy, to my great astonishment,
hauled his wind, and stood from us; this was a glorious chance ; a
dram was administered to our brave fellows, and we then only
wished to be able to catch them ; but it would have been madness ;
we had enough to do to get ourselves into sailing condition. I saw
no more of them : next morning I stood for Yarmouth in hopes of
meeting a comrade. I borrowed two tons of water from the Roe-
buck, and sailed the next hour in quest of them ; one shot gave me
a terrible headache; but, thank God except a couple of scratches,
I escaped ; such an escape, perhaps, never occurred; every soul on
board had compounded for a French prison, when I gave the orders
to wear." The Frenchman himself had no idea of my resisting,






SEA FIGHT BETWEEN FRENCH AND ENGLISH. 7
or he would have boarded us when we wore; I suppose he had at
least 300 men to our forty. Rule Britannia I hope to meet them
daily, not nightly. God bless'you !"

Colchester and Lyme engaged with two French
Men-of-War-described by a Witness.

Colchester, at sea, June 2o, 1756.
"The Lyme, Captain Vernon, and we, the Colchester, Captain
Obrian, were ordered by Admiral Boscawen from the fleet, to cruise
together on the coast of Brittany, and scarce a day passed but we
either burnt or sunk some French vessel. On the I7th of May, in
the morning, took a French barque laden with deals and rosin, and an
officer was sent on board to burn her. While he was doing it, the man
at the masthead called down, that he saw a sail in the offing ; upon
which Captain Obrian hailed Captain Vernon, and desired him to
make sail, and that he would follow, which we did with all the sail
we could make, as soon as the officer was returned from burning the
vessel, and our boat hoisted in.-A second sail was espied by the
man at masthead, and at half-past nine A.M. we discovered they
were enemies, and they the same of us, making all the sail they
possibly could set to get from us, with top-gallant-royals, lower-
topmast, and top-gallant steering sails, keeping a good full. Seeing
they could not weather us on the other tack, sometimes they bore
away two or three points, then hauled their wind ; but finding we
gained on them fast, and that it was impossible to escape us, they
shortened sail by degrees, till they were under their three topsails,
hoisted their colours, and kept close together. We did the same;
and as we neared them, saw plainly the name of each ship written in
their stern, the first called la Fiddle, of 32 guns ; the other I'Aquilon,
of 58, which we counted very distinctly, the latter having ii guns
below on a side, 12 on her upper deck, four on her quarter deck, and
two on her forecastle, with a great number of men at small arms in
her tops, poop, quarter-deck, and forecastle. We had a clear ship
fore and aft, and everything ready for action, with colours flying,
and our people in great spirits gave three cheers, as did the Lyme's
people also. The French indeed answered us, but it was very
faintly. Our captain's intention was to have gone between the two
enemy's ships, and to have given them each a broadside, but they
kept too close for us to put that scheme in execution ; we therefore
took the first fire of the Fiddle, reserving ours for the Aquilon, which






78 SEA FIGHT BETWEEN FRENCH AND ENGLISH.
was the headmost ship, and at half an hour past five in the evening,
being close upon her weather quarter, she gave us her whole broad-
:side below and aloft, as did the Fiddle also at the same time, which
we immediately returned with our whole fire at the Aquilon, as did
the Lyme at the other. The third broadside we received most
unluckily broke our tiller rope, great part of the steering wheel, and
lead trumpet, and directly our ship came round too; upon which
the Aquilon put her helm hard a-weather, and raked us fore and
.aft ; and perceiving something extraordinary had happened on board
us, let down their foresail and bore away, with design, as we sup-
posed, to assist her comrade, then warmly engaged with the Lyme
at some distance. But we soon got tackles upon our tiller below,
:shivered our after sails, put our helm a-port, and followed her, and
got between the two enemy's ships ; and on the Aquilon's lee bow,
and sheering from bow to bow, gave her five smart broadsides, most
of which raked her fore and aft, and so near as to be almost on board
each other, our yardarms very near touching hers. We then ex-
changed hand grenades for some time from our tops, and one of
hers falling on our forecastle, blew up a great number of musket
,cartridges, but happily did no great mischief. When we raked her
she was silent, and for some time did not fire a gun ; and her ensign
being foul, our people gave three cheers, thinking she had struck ;
upon which the Aquilon put her helm a-lee, hauled up her foresail
(for we were then going large), and began to fire again. At'this
time our braces, bowling, &c., being most of them shot away, we
got down our steering sails, tacks for braces, and hauled upon a
wind; but she got the weather gage of us, which we could never
after recover. We now reeved a new tiller rope, but it proved too
short, so that we were obliged to reeve the mizen sheet for a tiller
rope, and put a luff tackle in lieu, and continued engaging about
point blank musket shot (the Lyme and Fiddle also still engaged,
but at a considerable distance from us). The great quantity of bar-
shot, pieces of old iron bars, &c., which the French fired in upon us,
tore our sails and rigging all to shatters, our mizen topsail down, the
sheets, stoppers, and slings entirely shot away, and the mizen all to
pieces. In short, everything was so torn and cut to pieces, that we had
not the ship under the least command; and lucky for us it was fine
weather and smooth water, or we must have lost all our masts, being
all very much wounded, and scarce a whole shroud left to secure
them. We saw before dark two of the Aquilon's ports beat into
one, and about ten o'clock several great explosions on board her,
and were so near that the wads from each ship fell on the decks on
fire, and one from her guns came into.an upper deck port of ours,






SEA FIGHT BETWEEN FRENCH AND ENGLISH. 79
beat a cartridge of powder out of the man's hand that was going to
put it into the gun, which set fire to some others, and blew up all
the people.near that gun in a terrible manner. Other wads set fire
to our hammocks on the poop, but it was happily soon extinguished.
Thus we continued to engage till about half-past twelve at night,
when the Aquilon hauled on board her fore tack, set all the sail she
could, kept close upon a wind, and left us in such a situation that it
was impossible for us to follow her. The Lyme and Fiddle had left off
engaging about an hour and a half before us. Besides the shattered
condition of our sails, masts, and rigging, we received several shot
between wind and water, and were obliged to turn our people from
the guns to pump ship, for we made four feet water an hour, and
heeled ship to stop our leaks with plugs and tallow. All the
remaining part of the night and next day we were employed in
knotting, splicing, and reeving new rigging, and bending other
sails.-Our officers and men behaved well, and in high spirits during
the whole engagement; but our guns were very weakly manned,
our people being obliged to help each other to run them out
when loaded, and were all very much fatigued, having been up
35 hours. We had no more than four men killed on the spot, and
35 wounded, several of whom are since dead of their wounds, and
others not expected to recover. The Aquilon (by the account we
have of a Danish ship from France) had upwards of 60 men killed,
and a great number wounded, and went into Rochefort with great
difficulty, being much shattered in her hull. The disproportion of
the killed and wounded between us and the French may be easily
accounted for, by considering, that it is their continual practice to
fire at our masts and rigging, in order to disable our ships that way ;
and that they have generally almost double our number of men.
In this action we fired upwards of 40 broadsides, which is at least
four tons, 300 weight of powder, and all well expended, not a single
gun fired but so near as to do execution on the enemy wherever it
took place, and everything conducted with as little noise and con-
fusion as possible, during the whole engagement, which was full six
hours and a half. After this it might be expected we should imme-
diately have steered for some port (as we find the Lyme did), but
our captain judged it more the duty of an officer to do his utmost to
rejoin his admiral, which we did, and had the carpenters from every
ship in the fleet to fix our masts, yards, &c., and repair our hull; and
with a fresh supply of stores and ammunition, I suppose we shall
make out the time first intended for our cruise."






8o A BRA VE MIDSHIPMAN.

Anecdote of Lord Howard.

In the reign of Queen Mary, Lord William Howard, first Baron
of Effingham, and Lord High Admiral of England, put to sea with
twenty-eight sail, to meet King Philip, the destined husband of his
mistress. That prince was escorted by one hundred and sixty sail,
and carried at his topmast-head the Spanish flag. The English
admiral could not bear to see it flying in the British Channel, and
without once considering that the Spaniards were almost six to one,
without despairing of success, in case of an action, saluted the
prince with a shot, and made him take down his colours before he
would pay any compliments to him.

A Brave Seaman.

The Monarch, which fought so bravely and suffered so much at
Copenhagen in 180o, having by some means got foul of the rigging
of the Ganges, one of the seamen, who had been employed in clearing
them, finding himself on board the Ganges, jumped overboard, and
swam towards the Monarch, swearing he would never desert his ship.
A boat was instantly put off, which saved the poor fellow's life.

A Brave Midshipman.

Among nine prizes taken by the King Fisher, was a Spanish
privateer schooner, called the Isabella la Damos. She lay close in
under the high land of La Guira, when the 'King Fisher sloop-of-
war, observing her, ran in under the land, and hoisted English
colours; upon which she hoisted Spanish, and fired a gun. The
King Fisher then brought to, anchored, and opened her fire.
Captain Cribb, finding that the privateer mounted only one gun, a
nine-pounder, hoisted out a boat, and sent her to take the prize.
But the boat was kept off by a severe fire of musketry : he therefore
hoisted out another boat, in which a young midshipman, named
Chapple, the first lieutenant, and fourteen true British tars, went as
volunteers. They put off in face of a dreadful discharge of grape and
cannister shot from the shore, and after enduring it for half an hour, at
length succeeded in carrying away the privateer, which proved to be a
fine vessel, containingfifty-five men. On Mr. Chapple's return, Captain
Cribb, who had heard of his bravery from the first lieutenant, pre-'

























- L- ,- -l-






p c
















A-BAV. MEIN
A BRAVE SEAMTAN.





GALLANTRY OF DAVID WEBSTER. 8S
sented the Spanish captain's sword to the enterprising young n.id-
shipman, with these words :-" Mr. Chapple, my first lieutenatnt has
informed me of your gallant conduct in cutting out the Spa-is::kih
privateer. Take this sword for your reward, and God send that
you may always show yourself as undaunted as you then were."


Gallant Exploit.

A gallant exploit was performed at Hastings, June 13, 805o, by
two row-boats, with a party of sea fencibles, under the immediate
command of Lieutenant Market.
On the evening of Wednesday a French privateer was observed
lurking in the neighbourhood ; and the fishermen, fearful of falling
into their hands, returned again to the shore a short time after
having put to sea. A coasting sloop was observed at this time,
coming before the wind, and not being apprehensive of danger, fell
an easy prey to the enemy, who was seen to take possession, and
stood out to sea. The boats before mentioned were soon manned
with volunteers from the sea fencibles with that alacrity which so
eminently distinguishes British seamen in the hour of danger, and
on all other occasions where exertion is necessary, and after a long
and laborious chase of many hours, they came up with the sloop,
and succeeded in the dangerous enterprise of boarding. They then
brought her into Hastings Road. She proved to be the IJimd,.:.y,
from Exeter to London, with sundry articles of merchandize. The
privateer suffered the master, with two men, to remain on board,
having previously robbed them of their watches, money, and clothes.
The mate, with two boys, were sent on board the privateer.

Gallantry of David Webster.

The heroic conduct of a brave Scotchman, one of the officers of a
small merchant-vessel abandoned in the Indian Ocean, was reported
in the official London Gazette of the icth of April, 1874. It was
then announced by the Board of Trade that the Queen had been
graciously pleased to confer the Albert Medal of the Second Class
on Mr. David Webster, late second mate of the barque Airacan, of
Greenock, residing at Broughty Ferry, Dundee. The following is
an account of the services in respect of which the decoration has been
conferred :-
"The Arracan, while on a voyage from Shields to Bombay, with
G






82 GALLANTRY OF DA VID WEBSTER.
a cargo of coals, took fire from spontaneous combustion of her cargo,
and on Feb. U7th was abandoned by her crew, who then took to
their boats and endeavoured to make for the Maldive Islands. The
boats kept company until the 2oth, when, finding the currents too
strong, it was agreed to separate after dividing the provisions. The
master in command of the long boat, then made for Cochin; the
mate, in charge of the gig, and the second mate, Mr. David Webster,
in charge of the pinnace, with four of the crew-viz., three men and
one boy-made for the Maldive Islands. After two days Mr.
Webster's boat was injured by a heavy sea, and could not keep up
with the gig, and lost sight of her. From this time the pinnace was
kept working to windward until March 9th, by which day the pro-
visions and water had been consumed. Shortly afterwards the crew
cast lots which of them should be first killed to be eaten, and the lot
fell upon the ship's boy, Horner; but Mr. Webster, who had been
asleep, awoke in time to save the boy's life. After dark an attempt
was made to kill Mr. Webster himself, but the boy Horner awoke
him in time to save himself. On the following day Mr. Webster,
having fallen asleep, was awakened by the struggles of the crew for
the possession of his gun, with which to shoot him. Two hours later
the crew again attempted to take Horner's life, but were prevented
by the determined conduct of Mr. Webster, who threatened to shoot
and throw overboard the first man who laid hands on the boy. The
next day one of the crew attempted to sink the boat, but Mr. Webster
mastered him and prevented further mischief. Two days later the
same member of the crew again tried to sink the boat, and expressed
his determination to take the boy's life. For this he would have been
shot by Mr. Webster had not the cap on the gun missed fire. Soon
after, putting a fresh cap on his gun, a bird flew over the boat,
which Mr. Webster shot ; it was at once seized and devoured by the
crew, even to the bones and feathers. During the next five days the
crew were quieter, subsisting on barnacles which attached themselves
to the bottom of the boat, and on sea blubber, for which they dived.
The following day some of the men became delirious. One of them
lay down exhausted, when another struck him several blows on the
head with an iron belaying-pin, cutting him badly. The blood
which flowed was caught in a tin and drunk by the man himself and
the two other men. Afterwards they fought and bit one another,
and only left off when completely exhausted, to recommence as soon
as they were able, the boy Horner during the time keeping watch
with Mr. Webster. On the thirty-first day in the boat they were
picked up, 600 miles from land, by the ship City of Manchester,
Hardie master, by whom they were very kindly treated and taken to






BORDELAIS AND CURIEUX. 83
Calcutta. Mr. Webster, by his conduct, was the means of saving
the lives of all in the boat."
We give a plate of Mr. Webster defending the poor boy. Mr.
Webster, a son of Mr. Robert Webster, of Loftus House, Broughty
Ferry, is twenty-three years of age, and unmarried. His grandfather
was a soldier, and served with credit in the Peninsular War.

Hussar and Sybille.

The French 36-gun frigate Sybille, under jury-masts, in conse-
quence of the damage she had sustained in action with the British
36-gun frigate Magicienne onJanuary 2nd, 1799, was fallen in with
off the Chesapeake on the 22nd, by the 28-gun frigate Hussar, Capt.
Thomas Macnamara Russell. The Sybille had been under the
necessity of throwing twelve of her main-deck guns overboard, and
was otherwise apparently in a defenceless state. This, added to a
disgraceful misuse of the signal of distress, and to her hoisting
British over French colours, induced Captain Russel to run down
under her lee, with the intention of affording assistance. But, on
coming close alongside, the British colours were hauled down, and the
Hussar became exposed to a heavy fire from the French frigate,
followed by an attempt to board her. This the Hussar quickly
returned, and the two ships running off the wind, were warmly
engaged for upwards of an hour, when the Sybille hauled up on the
larboard tack, closely followed by the Hussar; and, after a pursuit
of two hours, was again brought to action, and soon compelled to
haul down her colours. On Commodore Kergario presenting his
sword to Captain Russel, the latter was so incensed at the treacherous
proceeding of that officer, that he indignantly broke the sword in
pieces, and put the commodore in confinement as a state prisoner.

Bordelais and Cuzrieux.

The British 24-gun ship Bordelais, Captain Thomas Manby, while
cruising to windward of Barbadoes, at noon discovered, in chase of
her to windward, two men-of-war brigs and a schooner. The Bor-
delais immediately shortened sail, and at sunset the French national
brigs, Curieux, of 18 long 8-pounders and 160 men, Captain George
Radelet, and Mutine, of 16 long 6-pounders and 156 men, with the
schooner Espdrance, of six 4-pounders and 52 men, had arrived
within gunshot. At 6 P.M. the Bordelais wore round, and had
scarcely brought the Curieux to close action when the two consorts
G2






84 THE PHAETON AND VOLTIGEUR.
of the latter abandoned her to her fate. Nevertheless, the Curieex
nobly defended the honour of her flag, sustaining an action with a
ship of such superior force for thirty minutes within pistol-shot. The
loss of the French brig was very severe: her captain had both his
legs shot off, and survived but a few hours, and her killed and
wounded amounted to about 50. The Bordelais, on the other hand,
escaped with only one man killed and seven wounded, including
among the latter Lieutenant Robert Barrie, who did not quit his
quarters. The French brig's hull had been so pierced with shot, that
in about half an hour after she was taken possession of, the Curieux
was found to be sinking. Already had 120 prisoners been received
from her, and every exertion was now made to save the wounded.
So zealous were Lieutenant Archibald Montgomery and his 20 men
in performing this service, that at 8 P.M. the vessel foundered
under them, close alongside the Bordelais. The floating wreck
buoyed up all those brave fellows, except two midshipmen, Messieurs
Spence and Auckland, and five seamen, who unfortunately perished
with the gallant wounded of the Curieux's crew.

A British Game Cock.

A short time after the engagement between Sir George Bridges
Rodney and M. de Guichen in the West Indies, a game cock that
had been principally fed upon the main deck, and was much caressed
by the sailors, immediately after the firing began, flew upon the
quarter-deck, and took his station near Sir George and General
Vaughan. The feathered hero seemed not only to enjoy the con-
flict, but endeavoured by every means in his power to inspire all
within hearing of him with the love of glory; for every five or six
minutes he was sure to set up a loud crow, and continued to strut
the deck, and conduct himself in this manner during the whole of
the engagement. Sir George, pointing to the phenomenon, called
out to the general in the heat of the battle-" Look at that fellow,
Vaughan by G-d, he is an honour to his country !" Chanticleer
had the good fortune to escape unhurt during the conflict, and was
ordered to be taken particular care of by the commander-in-chief,
and that deservedly.

Capture of the Phaeton and Voltigeur.

At II A.M., the 36-gun frigate Pique, Captain Charles B. H.
Ross, while crossing from St. Domingo to Curacoa, chased the two






BATTLE OF COPENHAGEN. 85
French 16-gun brigs Phaeton and Voltigeur. At 2. P.M. the Pique
brought the brigs to close action ; and after the firing had continued
twenty minutes, the Phaeton having had her gaff shot away, fell on
board the frigate. In an instant, Lieutenants William Ward and
Philip H. Baker, Mr. John Thompson (the master), and Lieutenant
Henry Craig of the marines, with 25 men, jumped on the brig's
deck, and the Pique sheering off, made sail after the Voltigeur.
No sooner had the boarding party stepped upon the decks of the
Phaeton, than a great portion of the crew rushed from under the fore
and aft mainsail, and opened a destructive fire, killing Mr. Thompson
and eight seamen, and wounding Lieutenants Ward, Baker, and
Craig, and ii seamen and marines. On observing the struggle, the
Pique threw all aback, and sent a boat with a reinforcement, which,
uniting with the survivors, soon compelled the enemy to call for
quarter. The Pique again made sail and succeeded in capturing
the Voltigeur. The prizes were named illJononc and Musette in
the British navy.

Danish Account of the Battle of Copenhagen, I 8o1.

On the morning of March the 3oth, about seven o'clock, the
thundering peals of Cronburg put an end to suspense. Very shortly
after, we could discern the fleet, which approached rapidly. The
tremendous cannonading from the fort gave us an idea of what it
might effect, if it could reach its object. His Majesty of Sweden
(who observed the passage of the fleet from Helsingborg), appeared
sensible of this; and after the cannonading had ceased, despatched
an officer to compliment the governor of Cronburg.
As the gale was blowing fresh, the British soon advanced within
seven or eight miles of the city, where they came to an anchor. A
frigate, a lugger, and a brig, got rather nearer; but the battery of
the Three Crowns, and the fire from the block ships, compelled
them to retire. The magnificence of this spectacle naturally left
various impressions on our minds; but whether favourable or
unfavourable, they were soon forgotten in the enthusiasm and
unanimity which prevailed among all classes. The question was
not, Who is the enemy? but, Where is the enemy? It was a
moment of impending danger; the duty we owed our country,
therefore, inspired us with only one sentiment. The noble spirit
displayed by the students at the siege in 1658-60, was equally con-
spicuous in their successors; who, with one hand and one heart,
associated themselves into a corps of 1200; while those sons of






86 BATTLE OF COPENHAGEN.
the muses, whom age and infirmity prevented from rallying round
the standard of patriotism, did all in their power to encourage and
confirm so laudable an effort. Chamberlain Lindenkrone sent a
thousand dollars to the aid of those students whose private means
were unequal to the expense of their public duties.
The first and second days passed quietly over ; but on the morning
of April ist, we could perceive an unusual bustle among the English
shipping. Some frigates and lighter vessels got under weigh, and
were employed in sounding. Towards evening twelve sail of the line,
all the frigates, and most of the smaller vessels, weighed; and with
a northern breeze, passed through the Hollander Deep. Admiral
Parker, with eight sail of the line, and two small vessels, preserved
his station; while Admiral Nelson anchored with his division beyond
the fire of our outermost ships.
Conjecture was now at an end. A change of wind to the south-
ward would enable Lord Nelson t o bear down with his division ; and
we anxiously awaited the awful moment. Our ships were moored
with four anchors, and manned, indiscriminately, by people of all
descriptions, hastily collected for the present emergency: they had
been constantly on the alert during the former two nights, a third
was now added to their fatigue ; and when it is considered that these
people were unacquainted with the exercise of great guns ; that they
were all day employed in practising, and all night in watching ; the
com-pliment paid them by Mr. Bardenfleth, first lieutenant on board
the Charlotte Amelia, in his professional account of the battle, will
not be deemed superfluous.
He says, "The spirit which animated all hands on board, and
not their strength, enabled them to perform what they did."
The morning of April 2nd dawned, and the wind blowing southerly,
our commodore made a signal for the whole line to lay their broad-
side to the enemy.
Between nine and ten, both divisions of the British weighed ; and
our commodore hoisted the flag of defiance from the Danbrog.
Admiral Parker, with the zeal that is characteristic of a British
seaman, beat up against wind and current, towards the battery of
the Three Crowns, proposing to awe our ships in the inner roads,
while the hero of the Nile bore right down upon our line.
The Edgar led the British van, advancing in a most gallant style
against the Proevesteen, 58 guns, which opened her fire on the
former, five minutes after ten. The Vagrien, 50 guns, then poured in
t broadside, just as the Edgar was upon the tack to take her station ;
a second broadside was discharged from the Proevesteen, when the
whole of the British line gained rapidly on ours ; in a few minutes two-






BATTLE OF COPENHAGEN. 87

third parts of our ships were in action. As our line was not broken,
only one half of the force on either side was consequently engaged.
Our foremost ship, the Proevesteen, was exposed during the whole
of the action, to the fire of the Polyphemus, of 64 guns, the Russel,
and the Bellona, which two latter ships ran aground at the com-
mencement of the battle; but this misfortune (as Lord Nelson
observed) did not impede their service. The Proevesteen was, at
the same time raked by La Desirde, of 40 guns, and a gun-brig.
Great as was the distinction which Commodore Fischer, in his
report, conferred on the Proevesteen and her gallant Captain Lassen,
"notwithstanding my high sense of Danish bravery, it was heightened
by the conduct of the Proevesteen, which continued to fight till all
her guns were dismounted," the compliment of Lord Nelson is in
my opinion greater.
Captain Rtisbrigh stood, on this occasion, as undaunted upon
the quarter-deck of the Vagrien, as when a lieutenant on board the
Formidable, under the gallant Rodney, on the 12th April, 1782.
For England he assisted to acquire glory and success; for Denmark
he obtained only the former."
Soon after eleven o'clock the Danbrog, 64 guns, Captain Braun,
took fire, which compelled Commodore Fischer to shift his broad
pendant to the Holstein; but Braun continued to fight her till he
lost his right hand. Captain Lemning succeeded in the command:
and although the flames blazed around them, threatening immediate
destruction, the Danbrog maintained her fire until the close of the
engagement, against her powerful adversary the Glattonz; which
latter mounted 68-pound carronades on her lower deck.
When Commodore Fischer, famed for the coolness and perspicuity
of his judgment in the hour of trial, left the Danbrog, the battle
raged with the utmost fury. The British, finding that our foremost
ships were far from slackening their fire, now extended their line,
and at noon all our ships, as well as the battery, were strenuously
engaged in the awful contest.
Captain Thura, of the Infoedsretten, 64 guns, fell at the beginning
of the action; and all the subaltern officers were either killed or
wounded, except a lieutenant and a marine officer. In this state of
confusion, the colours were, by accident, struck. The British, how-
ever, made no attempt to board the Infoedsretten, she being rather
dangerously moored athwart our battery. A boat was despatched
from the ship to carry the tidings of her commander's death to the
Prince Royal, who had from the dawn of day taken his station upon
a battery. Here, amid showers of shells and cannon-balls, Frederick,
the wise, the good, and the brave, superintended, calmly and actively,






88 BATTLE OF COPENHAGEN.

for the assistance of the ships engaged. By showing how a prince
ought to meet danger, he taught others to despise it.
When the Prince received the message from the Infoedsretten,
he turned round, and with an air that gave confidence to all about
him, said, Gentlemen, Thura is killed; who of you will take the
-command ?" I will," replied Mr. Schroedersee, in a feeble voice,
and hastened eagerly on board. This gentleman had been a captain
in the navy; but on account of ill-health had lately resigned. The
hour of necessity seemed to invigorate his wasted form, and in hopes
to serve his country, he forgot his want of strength.
The crew, seeing a new commander coming alongside, hoisted
their colours, and fired a broadside. When he came on deck he
"found great numbers killed and wounded ; and therefore instantly
called to those that had rowed him to get quickly on board. It was
his last effort; a ball struck him, and Schroedersee was no more I
Mr. Nissen, a lieutenant in the navy, who attended this gallant tar
to his noble fate, next took the command, and continued to fight the
ship for the remainder of the day.
The engagement had now lasted upwards of three hours, without
any glimpse of victory on either side. A determined perseverance
appeared to inflame both parties. Our line steadfastly preserved its
original position, and every ship maintained its station except the
Rendsbrog Prame, which drove ashore, her cables having been shot
away at the commencement of the attack; and the Elven, a repeating
sloop-of-war, which had sheered off a little after twelve, her masts
*being very materially damaged.
When the British fleet first bore down upon us, the eleven gun-
boats retired.
About two o'clock the fire from the respective fleets abated con-
siderably, and our ships appeared very much disabled. The damage
sustained by the British was apparently trivial, from our ships having
constantly directed their fire at the enemy's hulls. This was un-
doubtedly the slowest method of disabling an adversary ; yet it was
the surest ; and certainly is, at all events, preferable to chance.
Considering the exposed situation of our men on board, it was a
matter of real surprise, that so few, comparatively, suffered from the
immense quantity of shot which had been poured in upon them.
Had every ball that struck our masts wounded our hulls, there
would, in all probability, have been no prisoners of war.
At two o'clock the Nyeborg Prame having her main, mizen-masts,
bowsprit, and foretop-mast shot away, and the captain, perceiving
her almost ready to sink, ordered the cables to be cut, and the fore-
sal to be set, that they might steer for the inner roads. As he






BATTLE OF COPENHAGEN. 89
passed the line he described the Aggershuus, a vessel of the same
description as his own, in the most miserable plight; her masts
having all gone by the board, and the hull on the eve of sinking.
Captain Rothe showed himself a true seaman, who not only meets
his own danger, but also cheerfully shares in that of others. Having
made fast a cable from his stern to the stern of the Aggershuus, he
towed her off; and thus obtained as glorious a triumph as if he had
come in with an enemy's ship.
Soon after two o'clock, Commodore Fischer removed his broad
pendant from the Holstein to the battery of the Three Crowns, whence
he commanded during the latter part of the engagement.
At this moment Lieutenant Lillienskiold finding his ship, the
Hielperen, surrounded by a superior force, cut his cables, and
brought her safe into the inner roads. Mr. Lillienskiold was no
stranger to the business of the day ; he had in the year 1799, fought
in the West Indies with a privateer ; and both contended so obsti-
nately, that they were obliged to separate for want of powder.
Last, though not least, is Mr. Villemoes, a second lieutenant, who
commanded the floating battery, No. i. Much has been said about
his skill in manoeuvring his raft, which consisted merely of a number
of beams nailed together: on them a flooring was laid to support
the guns. It was square with breast-work, full of port-holes, and
without masts. I shall not take upon myself to argue how far it
were possible to manage such a log; but merely say, the manner in
which Villemoes manceuvred his guns, and ultimately saved his raft,
attracted the notice of Lord Nelson, whose ship lay for some time
opposite the floating battery. That admiral is said, in the hand-
somest manner to have noticed to the Prince Royal how much the
country, on future occasions, might fairly expect from the abilities
of young Villemoes. This trait of his lordship I consider as a never-
failing flower in the wreath which military talents and success have
twined around his brow.
At half-past two our fire had nearly subsided; but the Rutland,
the last ship that returned the enemy's shot, was still engaged, as
was the Proevesteen. However, the Three Crowns had just opened
its batteries with a dreadful effect, when the white flag was unfurled
from Lord Nelson's maintop.
An English boat, with a flag of truce, came alongside the Elephant:
the captain of which sent an officer in his boat to accompany it on
shore. The battery, in the meantime kept up a heavy cannonade,
as did the Elephant. As the wind had been south, south-west, south,
and south-east, the whole day, with a strong current, Admiral Parker's
division advanced but very little; insomuch, that a broadside from





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