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 Title Page
 The authors
 Introduction
 Program operation






Title: Products, markets, and prices
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028027/00001
 Material Information
Title: Products, markets, and prices
Series Title: Florida Cooperative Extension Service Circular 630
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Dippon, Duane
Flinchum, Mitch
Munson, Ken
Miller, Earl
Affiliation: University of Florida -- Florida Cooperative Extension Service -- Intitute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida,
Publication Date: 1985
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00028027
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    The authors
        Page 2
    Introduction
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Program operation
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
Full Text


RESTRY INFORMATION SYSTEM ,;rcular ~u

4- PRODUCTS, MARKETS, AND PRICES
Duane Dippon, Mitch Flinchum, Ken Munson, and Earl Miller--
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The Authors

Duane Dippon, Ken Munson, and Mitch Flinchum are Assistant Professors, School of
Forest Resources and Conservation, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville,
and Earl Miller is a graduate student at the University of Illinois.



















PRODUCTS, MARKETS, AND PRICES




INTRODUCTION




The Products, Markets, and Prices program provides current and historic price
information about specific wood products from three regions of Florida. Through a
series of questions and responses the computer will generate a table displaying the
most recent average, high, and low prices for a desired product for the previous 12 to
15 months. In addition, the estimated demand for that product in that region over the
next month is displayed.

The price information is updated monthly from Timber-Mart South, a private price
reporting service. Since these prices are quotes from actual sales it should be
remembered that the most recent prices are from sales of the previous month. For
example, July price information represents sales that were made in June.

As with any reference material, use your judgement when interpreting this
information. The prices are not absolute lows or highs; but averages of lows and
averages of highs. It is likely that sale prices will vary considerably due to timber
quality, season of sale, location, accessibility and terms of the sales contract.

The operation and logic of this program are shown in Figure 1. The instructions
on how to use the program are included under the section Program Operation. The
material that appears on the terminal's screen is highlighted.

Questions or comments regarding the program should be directed to:

Duane Dippon Mitch Flinchum Ken Munson Roger Webb
(904) 392-1850 (904) 392-5420 (904) 392-1850 (904) 392-4826

School of Forest Resources and Conservation
118 Newins-Ziegler Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611















3









INTRODUCTION


PRODUCT LIST DISPLAY


WANT TABLE & PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS?
YES NO

OUTPUT TABLE AND PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS


INPUT ENTER PRODUCT CLASS


REGIONAL LIST DISPLAY
1. NORTHEAST FLORIDA
2. SOUTH FLORIDA
3. NORTHWEST FLORIDA
4. STATEWIDE


WANT COUNTY LIST?
YES NO

OUTPUT COUNTY
LIST


INPUT ENTER REGIONAL CLASS
1,_2,3 4

OUTPUT CURRENT STATEWIDE
DATA TABLE TABLE


WANT
SUMMARY
TABLE?
YES NO

OUTPUT SUMMARY
TABLE


WANT TO EXAMINE
SAME PRODUCT IN
ANOTHER REGION? YES
NO

WANT TO EXAMINE
A DIFFERENT PRODUCT? YES
NO


OUT

Figure 1. Flow chart for products, markets, and prices program.



4











PROGRAM OPERATION



Signing on to the Computer

The program is designed for the VAX computing system manufactured by
the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) but is not limited to DEC
equipment. A computer terminal with telephone hookup (modem) is required. If
peripheral equipment such as hard copy printer are used, then the signal transmission
type between terminal and printer must be compatible (serial or parallel.)

Before using the terminal an account must be established with the
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Extension Computer Network in
Gainesville.

Use the following procedure to access the VAX computer:

1. Set the terminal to FULL DUPLEX.

2. Set the modem to FULL DUPLEX.

3. Dial (904) 392-5750 (for high-speed or 1200 baud terminals) or
392-5760 (for low-speed or 300 baud terminals) to access the IFAS
VAX computer.

4. When the "READY" light appears on the coupler, press the terminal's
carriage return (CR). The computer will respond "USERNAME" to which
you will type your User's name (usually 3 letters) and press (CR).

5. The computer will respond "PASSWORD" to which you will type your
password and press (CR).

6. When you see the message "WELCOME TO VAX/VMS..." you are signed on
to the IFAS VAX system successfully.

7. You should now see a "$" at the left margin of the bottom line on
the terminal screen or printer. To the right of the "$" is a
blinking cursor character. You now type "MENU" to access the IFAS
Computer Network Menu System.

8. The Forestry Information System (FORINSY) is listed as program #9 on
the main IFAS menu. After the instruction "PROGRAM NUMBER:"
appears on your terminal type in "9". The Products, Markets, and
Prices program is one portion of FORINSY.

9. The computer responds to your selection by listing 5 options as
illustrated on page 6 to assist you with the program. You should type
in "102" after the prompt "PROGRAM OPTION" to execute the Forestry
Information System. You will be ready to select the Products,
Markets, and Prices program after proceeding through the preliminary
menu.

5
















The programs you can run are:

100) DONE Goes back to program name

101) HELP Prints this message

102) EXECUTE Run the program

103) ABSTRACT A short abstract will be typed

104) INSTRUCTIONS How to run the program

ENTER a CTRL/Y to go back to the main menu

Program option:


Preliminary Menu

The preliminary menu aids the School of Forest Resources and
Conservation (SFRC) in identifying the users of the programs. The
preliminary menu is described by the following:


Forestry Information System V1.L1
(FORINSY)


Have you used FORINSY before?

1.--First-time FORINSY user.
2.--Used FORINSY before.

Enter choice =



If you have used FORINSY before type "2" but if this is your first
experience then type "1" which will request the following information:


Forestry Information System (FORINSY)

Please introduce yourself by typing in the following information

LAST NAME:
FIRST NAME (OR INITIALS):
STREET (OR MAILING) ADDRESS:
CITY:
STATE:
ZIP CODE:


6














The user should supply the requested information on each line. By
pressing (CR), the computer moves to the next line until the "ZIP CODE"
is supplied. The computer then reprints your input along with the date
and asks if everything is correct.


TODAY'S DATE:

Is all information correct?

(1 = Yes 2 = No 3 = Exit):



The user chooses the appropriate response: "1" to continue pro-
cessing, "2" to retype the information correctly and "3" to exit the
program. After successfully supplying this information the user will be
provided an explanation of why these facts are collected after which the
user will press (CR) to call up the main FORINSY menu.

The Main Menu Forestry Information System

The main menu offers a selection of different programs relating to
forestry. The following information will be displayed on the screen:



Forestry Information System V1.L1
(FORINSY)

Choose:
1. -- Exit.
2. -- Forestry Investment.
3. -- Volumes and Yields.
4. -- Products, Markets, and Prices.
5. -- Forestry Management Assistance.
6. -- Silvicultural Practices.
7. -- Wildlife Management.
8. -- Range Management.
9. -- Forest Pest Management
10. -- Forest Water Management.
11. -- Identification of Pines.
12. -- Wood for Energy.

Enter Choice:



The user must select an option by typing in the menu number of the
desired program followed by a carriage return. To begin the Products, Markets, and
Prices program, enter the number "4" and press carriage return (CR).




7












After entering the products, markets, and prices module from the FORINSY menu,
this introduction is printed out.



This program will provide you with current and historic price data for several
different wood products. You will be asked to choose from a list of seven products.
You will also be asked to choose the region of the state in which you desire price
data. If you are unsure, lists of products specifications and counties in each region
can be obtained during the program. All prices given are averages over a region and
should not be taken as absolutes. Individual prices will vary with species, locality,
or terms of the sales contract. All prices come from Timber Mart-South and apply only
to Florida.



The program will stop after printing and wait for the user to hit a carriage
return. This gives the user a chance to read over the introduction. After the
introduction the user is shown this list of products.


Information is available for the following products:



1. Pine sawtimber [Scribner rule]

2. Oak sawtimber [Doyle rule]

3. Pine peeler logs [Scribner rule]

4. Pine pulpwood

5. Pine chip-n-saw

6. Firewood

7. Hardwood pulpwood




Following the above display, the user will have the option to view a list of
measurements; diameter at breast height (DBH) and length of main stem, which are the
minimum size requirements for the various product types.

A list of minimum DBH's and heights is available.
Would you like to see that list?
[Type yes or no]












At this time, if the user does not know what the various stumpage products are, a
table of minimum diameters (DBH's) and heights to a merchantable top is available. To
see this table the user should type the work "yes". If the user does not want to see
it, he should type the word "no". When this table is printed, the user will not be
able to see the previous list of products; therefore, remember the number of the
desired product before looking at the table.

DBH stands for diameter at breast height

Height is the height from the ground to the top diameter listed-- For example 16ft
to a 4in top means that the tree has to have a diameter of at least 4 inches at a
height of 16 feet.


MINIMUM
PRODUCT VALUE (RELATIVE) DBH (INCHES) HEIGHT

PULPWOOD LOW 4 16ft TO 4in TOP
CHIP-N-SAW INTERMEDIATE 8 16ft TO 6in TOP
SAWTIMBER INTERMEDIATE 10 16ft TO 8in TOP
VENEER[PEELER LOG] INTERMEDIATE 12 17ft TO 8in TOP

After printing the table, the program asks the user for his choice. Here the user
should enter the number of the product he wants. If the user doesn't want to run the
program at this point, he can type in a "0" (zero) and he will be sent back to FORINSY
menu.

Since Timber Mart South groups its data by Florida region, the user is next given
the choice of what part of the state he wants to look at. There are four options: the
northeast, the south, the northwest, or the whole state. If the user is unsure about
what region he is in, the user is given the option to look at a list of counties in
each region

You may look at information from the following:

1. Northeast region
2. South region
3. Northwest region
4. Statewide averages

A list of the counties in each region is available.
Would you like to see this list?
[Type yes or no]



If the user opts to view the counties by region, the following list will be displayed.






9












Region 1 Northeast Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Clay, Columbia, Dixie,
Duval, Flagler, Gilchrist, Hamilton, Lafayette,
Levy, Madison, Marion, Nassau, Putnam, St. Johns,
Suwanee, Taylor, Union, Volusia

Region 2 South Brevard, Broward, Charlotte, Citrus, Collier,
Dade, De Soto, Glades, Hardee, Hendry, Hernando,
Highlands, Hillsborough, Indian River, Lake,
Lee, Manatee, Martin, Monroe, Okeechobee, Orange,
Osceola, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, St.
Lucie, Sarasota, Seminole, Sumter

Region 3 Northwest Bay, Calhoun, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsen, Gulf,
Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty,
Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Wakulla, Walton, Washington

[Now enter the region number, or 0 to leave the program]

Now the user inputs the number for the area of the state he is interested in or he
may enter a 0 and go back to the FORINSY menu. At this point, the computer may stop
momentarily while the information is compiled before being printed out. When the user
enters a region number, the program will print out the table below. It shows the
product and region selected, the unit price, and the most recent month and the range of
months that the information covers. It also shows the average, the high and the low
price for the most recent month. The highest and lowest price recorded during the past
range of months is also listed. In addition, a one word description is given (good,
fair, or poor) for the current demand and the estimated demand for the next thirty
days.

Current Data

PRODUCT: PINE PULPWOOD
REGION: NORTHWEST-REGION 3

ALL PRICES IN $/STANDARD CORD

MAY83 APRIL82 TO MAY83

AVERAGE RANGE LOWEST HIGHEST

26.00 20.00-30.00 17.00 32.00

THE DEMAND FOR THE MOST RECENT MONTH LISTED IS "FAIR" AND THE ESTIMATED DEMAND FOR THE
THIRTY DAYS AFTER THAT IS "GOOD".

Would you like to see a summary of the past year?
[Type yes or no]





10











The user is then asked whether he wants to see a price and demand summary
of the past year. If the user inputs "yes" then the table below is shown. First the
user is given a bit of text which explains how the information has been compiled and
presented; then a table is displayed which contains each quarter's average, high and
low prices. A one word description of demand is also given.



The information has been grouped by quarters and the prices are averages over
the quarter. If there have been no sales for a product during a quarter then
that quarter will not be listed. The most recent figure is an average of the
number of months in the quarter that had been completed.

The months in each quarter are:

Winter January, February, and March
Spring April, May, and June
Summer July, August, and September
Fall October, November, and December

QUARTER AVERAGE RANGE DEMAND

83 SPRING 26.00 20.00-30.00 FAIR
83 WINTER 22.00 18.67-26.33 FAIR
82 FALL 22.00 18.00-27.00 POOR
82 SUMMER 24.17 17.67-30.67 POOR
82 SPRING 23.50 17.50-29.00 FAIR

Would you like to look at the same product but in a different region?
[Type yes or no]

After this table is printed out, or if the user had input no when asked if he
wanted to see it, the user is given the option of looking at the same product, but in a
different region. For the purposes of this example, a "yes" answer is assumed. If the
answer is "yes, then the computer will send the user back to the list of regions. If
"no", when the computer will ask the user if he wants to look at a different product.



You may look at information from the following:

1. Northeast region
2. South region
3. Northwest region
4. Statewide averages



A list of the counties in each region is available. Would you like to
see this list?
[Type yes or no]

[Now enter the region number, or 0 to leave the program]


11











Again, if the user wishes to leave the program, he may type in a 0 when he is
asked to enter his region number. The following is an example of what the user would
see if he wanted to see a table of statewide averages. First, he is given an
explanation of how the table was compiled. Then the data is printed out. The text is
the same as the user would see if he had wanted to see the summary table. The
information given is just the average price of the product over the whole state for
each quarter; the high and low price is also given.



The information has been grouped by quarters and the prices are averages
over the quarter. If there have been no sales for a product during a
quarter then that quarter will not be listed. The most recent figure is
an average of the number of months in the quarter that had been
completed.

The months in each quarter are:

Winter January, February, and March
Spring April, May, and June
Summer July, August, and September
Fall October, November, and December

STATEWIDE AVERAGES

DATA FROM: APRIL82 TO MAY83
PRODUCT: PINE PULPWOOD
ALL PRICES IN $/STANDARD CORD

QUARTER AVERAGE RANGE



83 SPRING 24.63 19.00-29.69 POOR
83 WINTER 26.00 19.67-30.83 POOR
82 FALL 26.00 19.67-31.50 POOR
82 SUMMER 27.17 20.00-32.67 POOR
82 SPRING 27.50 19.13-31.50 POOR

Would you like to look at the same product but in a different region?
[Type yes or no]

If the user inputs "no" to the question of looking at the same
product, then the program asks the user if he wants to look at a
different product. If the user answers "yes" to this question, then the program will
send him back to the list of products. If the user inputs "no", then he will be sent
back to the FORINSY menu.

Would you like to look at a different product?
[Type yes or no]





12












A "no" response or a "0" response at any point in the program will return the user
to the main FORINSY menu. At this point, any other program in FORINSY can be accessed
or an exit can be accomplished by entering "1" and pressing the carriage return.

Forestry Information System V1.L1
(FORINSY)

Choose:

1 -- Exit.
2 -- Forestry Investment.
3 -- Volumes and Yields.
4 -- Products, Markets, and Prices.
5 -- Forestry Management Assistance.
6 -- Silvicultural Practices.
7 -- Wildlife Management.
8 -- Range Management.
9 -- Forest Pest Management.
10 -- Forest Water Management.
11 -- Identifucation of Pines.
12 -- Wood for Energy.

Enter choice =



If an exit is chosen by entering a "1" an exit from the FORINSY subsystem
begins. The exit is completed when the IFAS VAX computer system asks for a program
number. This number refers to the original VAX main menu seen earlier, which provided
the access to FORINSY and several other options. If no other option is desired,
entering "0" will cause the user to leave the main menu and go directly into the
operating system. This is signified by a "$" on the left side of the screen or page.


Program number:



$


The user can either go to other programs within the IFAS VAX operating system or
enter "Lo" to log off the host computer. At this point the signal is lost and the
equipment can be turned off.










13















































































COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertiller, director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Infor-
mation to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educa-
tional Information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or
national origin. Single cooles of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers is available from
C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this
publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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