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 Title Page
 The authors
 Introduction
 Program operation
 Reference
 Soil series for the forest management...






Title: Water management
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028024/00001
 Material Information
Title: Water management
Series Title: Florida Cooperative Extension Service Circular 635.
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Riekerk, Hans
Dippon, Duane
Affiliation: University of Florida -- Florida Cooperative Extension Service -- Intitute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida,
Publication Date: 1985
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Notes
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00028024
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    The authors
        Page 2
    Introduction
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Program operation
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Reference
        Page 16
    Soil series for the forest management model and information system
        Page 17
        Page 18
Full Text


FIESTRY INFORMANT ION SYSTEM rcular ),o

1 O-WATER MANAGEMENT

Hans Riekterk and Duane Dippon--'






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The Authors

Hans Riekerk is Associate Professor and Duane Dippon is Assistant Professor, School of
Forest Resources and Conservation, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611.











FOREST WATER MANAGEMENT

INTRODUCTION

The Forest Water Management Program is an extension-oriented, computer exercise
designed to provide the user with general water management information, including
recommended forestry practices. This program is written for persons having little or
no computer experience but who may obtain pertinent forest water management advice with
the aid of the local county extension office.

This program presently contains a section entitled Best Management Practices and a
section entitled Water Permits and Regulations.

The Best Management Practices (BMP's) option provides the user with recommended
forestry activities developed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the
Florida Department of Environmental Regulation (DER). These recommended practices are
designed to reduce non-point source pollution, water pollution which enters a
watercourse in a diffuse manner. The specific recommended forestry practices addressed
in this program include construction and maintenance of temporary and permanent roads,
and harvesting practices. These practices will remain voluntary if compliance checks
continue to indicate cooperation by forestry practitioners.

The Water Permits and Regulations option provides the user with descriptions of
various forestry related activities which require permits from the Federal Army Corps
of Engineers (CORPS), the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation (DER) or the
Florida Water Management Districts (WMD). Water Permits and Regulations provide the
user with a description of the Stormwater Discharge Regulation which pertains directly
to forest landowners. This option also contains a listing of CORPS, DER and WMD agency
addresses and telephone numbers in the state of Florida where permit applications or
regulation information may be obtained.



The operation and logic of this program are shown in Figure 1. The instructions
on how to use the program are included under the section Program Operation. The
material that appears on the terminal screen is boxed.

Questions or comments regarding the program should be directed to:

Hans Riekerk Mitch Flinchum Duane Dippon
(904) 392-5420 (904) 392-5420 (904) 392-1890

School of Forest Resources and Conservation
118 Newins-Ziegler Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611














3

























CHOOSE PROGRAM STEP:E









SOIL SERIES SOIL
1. EXIT
OUT AND2. BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICESESTIMATE SERIES
1 3. WATER PERMITS AND
REGULATIONS



WANT DESCRIPTION? WANT DESCRIPTIOCHOOSE
NONO YESYES NO YES
A B. INTRODUCTION
DESCRIPTDESCRIPTION C. STRUCTURES







SELECT DR GE DREDGE & FILLM





















1. CULVERTS FOREST STANDS
.E. STORWATER DISCHARGED
DEREGULATION
KNOW SOIL SERIES? tF. AGENCY ADDRESSES
N O I Y E S I c D ~ E --F

HOW TO OBTAIN ENTER
SOIL SERIES SOIL ___ DESCRIPTION ADDRESSES
AND ESTIMATE SERIES
ERODIBILITY


ENTER % SLOPE


SELECT:
A. BMP's FOR FOREST ROADS
B. BMP's FOR FOREST STANDS
Al B
WANT DESCRIPTION? I WANT DESCRIPTION?
NO C ES4S NO DES

DESCRIPTION I DESCRIPTION


SELECT DRAINAGE I BEST MANAGEMENT
STRUCTURE: PRACTICES FOR
1.CULVERTS FOREST STANDS
2. WATER TURNOUTS [I -
3. BROAD BASED DIPS











PROGRAM OPERATION



Signing on to the Computer

The program is designed for the VAX computing system manufactured by the Digital
Equipment Corporation (DEC) but is not limited to DEC equipment. A computer terminal
with telephone hookup (acoustic coupler) is required. If peripheral equipment such as
hard copy printer are used, then the signal transmission type between terminal and
printer must be compatible (serial or parallel).

Before using the terminal an account must be established with the Institute of
Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Extension Computer Network in Gainesville.

Use the following procedure to access the VAX computer:

1. Set the terminal to FULL DUPLEX.

2. Set the modem to FULL DUPLEX.

3. Dial (904) 392-5750 (for high-speed or 1200 baud terminals) or 392-5760 (for
low-speed or 300 baud terminals) to access the IFAS VAX computer.

4. When the "READY" light appears on the coupler, press the terminal's carriage
return (CR). The computer will respond "USERNAME" to which you will type
your User's name (usually 3 letters) and press (CR).

5. The computer will respond "PASSWORD" to which you will type your password and
press (CR).

6. When you see the message "WELCOME TO VAX/VMS..." you are signed on to the
IFAS VAX system successfully.

7. You should now see a "$" at the left margin of the bottom line on the
terminal screen or printer. To the right of the "$" is a blinking cursor
character. You now type "MENU" to access the IFAS Computer Network Menu
System.

8. The Forestry Information System (FORINSY) is listed as program #9 on the main
IFAS menu. After the instruction "PROGRAM NUMBER:" appears on your terminal
type "9." The Forest Water Management program is one portion of FORINSY.

9. The computer responds to your selection by listing 5 options as illustrated
below to assist you with the program. You should type in "102" after the
prompt "PROGRAM OPTION" to execute the Forestry Information System. You will
be ready to select the Forest Water Management program after proceeding
through the preliminary menu.











5













The programs you can run are:

100) DONE Goes back to program name

101) HELP Prints this message

102) EXECUTE Run the program

103) ABSTRACT A short abstract will be typed

104) INSTRUCTIONS How to run the program

ENTER a CTRL/Y to go back to the main menu

Program option:



Preliminary Menu

The preliminary menu aids the School of Forest Resources and Conservation (SFRC)
in identifying the users of the programs. The preliminary menu is descHibed by the
following:



Forestry Information System V1.L1
(FORINSY)

Have you used FORINSY before?

1. -- First-time FORINSY user.
2. -- Used FORINSY before.

Enter choice =



If you have used FORINSY before type "2" but if this is your first experience then
type "1" which will request the following information:



Forestry Information System (FORINSY)

Please introduce yourself by typing in the following information

LAST NAME:
FIRST NAME (OR INITIALS):
STREET (OR MAILING) ADDRESS:
CITY:
STATE:
ZIP CODE:











The user should supply the requested information on each line. By pressing (CR),
the computer moves to the next line until the "ZIP CODE" is supplied. The computer
then reprints your input along with the date and asks if everything is correct.



TODAY'S DATE

Is all information correct?

(1 = Yes 2 = No 3 = Exit):



The user chooses the appropriate response: "1" to continue processing, "2" to
retype the information correctly and "3" to exit the program. After successfully
supplying this information the user will be provided an explanation of why these facts
are collected after which the user will press (CR) to call up the main FORINSY menu.

The Main Menu Forestry Information System

The main menu offers a selection of different programs relating to forestry. The
following information will be displayed on the screen:



Forestry Information System V1.L1
(FORINSY)

Choose:

1. -- Exit.
2. -- Forestry Investment.
3. -- Volumes and Yields.
4. -- Products, Markets, and Prices.
5. -- Forestry Management Assistance.
6. -- Silvicultural Practices.
7. -- Wildlife Management.
8. -- Range Management.
9. -- Forest Pest Management.
10. -- Forest Water Management.
11. -- Identification of Pines.
12. -- Wood for Energy.

Enter choice =



The user must select an option by typing in the menu number of the desired program
followed by a carriage return. To begin the Forest Water Management program, enter the
number "10" and press carriage return (CR).

The user will be given the option of going back to the main FORINSY menu, or
executing the Best Management Practices or Water Permits and Regulations Programs.








7













Choose:

1. -- Exit.
2. -- Best Management Practices.
3. -- Water Permits and Regulations.

Enter choice = 2



The user would select the function to be performed and enter the corresponding
number after the phrase "Enter choice." For example, if the user wished to exit the
program and return to the FORINSY main menu, the number 1 which corresponds to Exit
would be entered.

In this example the user entered the number 2 which executes the Best Management
Practices section of the program.


Do you want a description of this program?
[Type yes or no, or 0 to exit the program.]


If the user responds with "YES" the following description is shown. If "NO" is
selected the description is by-passed and the user is asked for the name of the
dominant soil series within 300 feet of the watercourse.


Best Management Practices (BMP's) are recommended forestry activities to be
applied within a 300 foot-wide BMP Zone next to either side of a given watercourse.
These practices are designed to be applied to forest roads or forest stands occurring
within the BMP Zone adjacent to perennial or intermittent streams, and lakes or ponds
larger than 10 acres.

Practices specifically addressed for the BMP Zone include temporary and permanent
road construction and maintenance, harvesting practices, and mechanical site
preparation techniques. The recommended intensity of these practices depends on the
Site Sensitivity Class of the area. Site Sensitivity is determined by the erodibility
and the average percent slope of the land within the BMP Zone. The land along streams
and lakes can be divided into sections of similar erodibility and percent slope in
order to calculate the total area in different Site Sensitivity Classes which occur
along your watercourse.

Please press RETURN.



2. The user is asked the name of the dominant soil series of the site.



Do you know the name of the dominant soil series of the section of land within 300 feet
of your watercourse? no











If the user enters yes the programs asks to enter the name of the soil series.
The spelling of the soil series must be correct. A listing of names of the soil series
can be found as appendix in this manual.

The soil series for a piece of land can be obtained by referring to a published
soil survey map of the county which is available from the county Extension Office, the
Soil Conservation Service, or the Agricultural Stabilization Conservation Service.



3. If the user does not know the name of the soil series, an estimate of the
erodibility of the land may be made from the surface soil texture. In this
example the user selected A which corresponds to Sand as the surface soil texture.



Alternatively, an estimate of the erodibility of the section of land can be made from
the surface soil texture. Select the surface soil texture which occurs on the section
of land within 300 feet of the watercourse:

A. Sand (Low Erodibility)
B. Sandy Loam (Moderate Erodibility)
C. Clay or Loam (High Erodibility)

Enter a letter (or 0 to exit): A



4. The user is asked for the approximate percent slope of the land. In this example
the user selected 4 which indicates a 13-17 percent slope and corresponds to a 6-7
degree slope.



The approximate percent slope of the land can be obtained from a topographic map or
from field measurements (or it may be estimated).

Average percent slope classes:
(A 45-degree angle is equal to a 100% slope.)

1. <2 % slope ( 1 degrees)
2. 3- 7 % slope ( 1- 3 degrees)
3. 8-12 % slope ( 4- 5 degrees)
4. 13-17 % slope ( 6- 7 degrees)
5. 18-22 % slope ( 8-10 degrees)
6. >22 % slope ( 10 degrees)

Enter the number corresponding to the average slope class of the section of land within
300 feet of the watercourse: 4



At this point, the user's soil series or surface soil texture and approximate
percent slope have been identified. The computer assigns the appropriate Site
Sensitivity Class, according to the data entered. In this example the program
identifies the user's section of land as an A4 site. The recommended Best Management
Practices will vary according to the particular Site Sensitivity Class, with an Al site
being the least sensitive and a C6 site being the most sensitive.




9











5. The user has the choice to enter the Best Management Practices for Forest Roads
section or the Best Management Practices for Forest Stands section. The user will
have the choice to enter either section later in the program also. In this
example the user selected A, to enter the BMP's for Forest Roads section.



Select a BMP section:

A. Best Management Practices for Forest Roads
B. Best Management Practices for Forest Stands

Enter A or B (or 0 to exit): A



6. The user is asked if a description of the selected option is wanted.



BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR FOREST ROADS

Do you want a description of this program? yes

The recommended Best Management Practices for forest roads describe construction
and maintenance of permanent and temporary roads, firelines, and skid trails. These
practices are designed to provide adequate road drainage and surface stability within
the 300 foot-wide BMP Zone next to either side of the watercourse.

Proper location of roads and trails is important. Stay upslope on high ground,
and do not exceed a 5 percent grade. When crossing a waterway, approach at right
angles to minimize exposure to erosion. Raise the road over culverts to direct road
drainage away from the channel.

It should be stressed that whenever possible, landowners should avoid forest road
construction within the 300 foot-wide BMP Zone.

Please press RETURN.


7. The user is next instructed to select one of the five road drainage structures
addressed in the BMP's for Forest Roads section. The program gives a brief
description of the drainage structure and the recommended maximum allowable
spacing required between these structures. This spacing is the maximum allowable
distance on the ground between drainage structures required to control roadbed
erosion, for the particular section of land. In this example the user selected 1
which corresponds to Culverts. At the end of the BMP's for Forest Roads section
the user is given the choice to exit, begin the BMP program again, select another
drainage structure, or enter the BMP's for Forest Stands section. In this example
the user chose to enter the BMP's for Forest Stands section.











10












The different types of drainage structures discussed for the Best Management Practices
are:

1. Culverts
2. Water Turnouts
3. Broad Based Dips
4. Cross Ditches
5. Water Bars

The recommended maximum allowable spacing between these drainage structures is critical
for roadbed erosion control and therefore addressed in the BMP's.

Select a drainage structure for specific details: 1





A culvert is a metal, wooden, or concrete conduit through which surface water can pass
under permanent roads. Culverts are used where roads cross natural drains or to
channel concentrations of upslope ditchwater to the downslope side of a road.

For your section of land the Site Sensitivity Class is A4.

Maximum allowable spacing of culverts = 125 ft.

Choose:

A. Exit
B. Begin the BMP Program Again
C. Get Information on Another Drainage Structure
D. Get Information on Forest Stands

Enter a letter: D



8. The user has entered the Best Management Practices for Forest Stands section and
is asked if a description of the option is needed. Then the user is instructed to
press the (CR) key to view the BMP Table for the land with the particular Site
Sensitivity Class. This table provides the user with recommended and
not-recommended Best Management Practices for the particular section of land. The
table also specifies the size of the 3 zones for the recommended and
not-recommended treatments. The size of the 3 zones and the recommended and
not-recommended practices will vary according to the Site Sensitivity Class of the
section of land.
















11













BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR FOREST STANDS

Do you want a description of this program? yes

The recommended Best Management Practices for Forest Stands apply to any forested
or partially forested area, excluding forest roads, within the 300 foot-wide BMP Zone
adjacent to either side of a given streamcourse or lake body.

The BMP Zone has been divided into a Primary Buffer Zone, Secondary Management
Zone, and Remaining BMP Zone. The Primary Buffer Zone is always left substantially
vegetated to filter sediments and to provide shade to the stream. This zone pertains
only to perennial streams, lakes, or ponds as mapped on standard USGS topographic
sheets by solid blue lines. The Secondary Management Zone is reserved for soil
conservation to minimize erosion and sediment production. The Remaining BMP Zone is a
transition zone to standard upland management practices. The widths of the zones vary
according to the Site Sensitivity Class of the section of land under consideration.
These widths are given along with the BMP recommendations.

The Best Management Practices to be applied within the 3 zones include recommended
and not-recommended harvesting and site preparation practices. The recommended
practices may not be combined with the not-recommended practices.

Press RETURN to view the BMP table for your land of Site Sensitivity Class A4.





TREATMENT
LOCATION BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

Buffer Zone Recommended Not-recommended

Primary Selective Cut Post-Harvest
(min. 35 ft.) site-prep

Secondary Seedtree Cut Post-Harvest
(35-75 ft.) Shelterwood Cut site-prep
Clearcut

Remaining BMP Seedtree Cut Best
(75-300 ft.) Shelterwood Cut Disk
Clearcut Bulldoze
Graze KG-blade
Burn Rootrake
Log & Burn
Chop

Please press RETURN.









12











9. This is the end of the Best Management Practices section. The user has the choice
to exit back to the main menu, begin the program again for a different section of
land, or enter the BMP's of Forest Roads section. In this example the user
selected A which exited the BMP section to return to the Forest Water Management
main menu.



Choose:

A. Exit
B. Begin the BMP Program Again
C. Get Information on Forest Roads

Enter a letter: A



10. The user is again presented with the main menu. In this example the user has
selected 3 which corresponds to the Water Permits and Regulations section:



Choose:

1. -- Exit.
2. -- Best Management Practices.
3. -- Water Permits and Regulations.

Enter choice = 3



11. Once inside the Water Permits and Regulations section, the user is presented with
a second menu of optional functions. In this example the user has selected B
which corresponds to the Introduction section. After every section is complete
the user is brought back to the Water Permits and Regulations main menu.



WATER PERMITS AND REGULATIONS

Choose:

A. Exit
B. Introduction
C. Structures
D. Dredge & Fill
E. Stormwater Discharge Regulation
F. Agency Addresses

Enter a letter: B












13











Increasing concern about water quality degradation accelerated environmental
legislation at the National and State levels over the past two decades. Landowners in
Florida may not be aware of the forestry related activities which require permits from
the Federal Army Corps of Engineers (CORPS) and the Florida Department of Environmental
Regulation (DER). Prior to these activities landowners must fill out a Joint Permit
Application, available at the CORPS and DER offices across the state of Florida.

Forestry activities requiring a permit can be separated into three broad
categories: Structures, Dredge and Fill, and Stormwater Discharge Regulation.

The Structures category discusses regulations and permits required for any
construction or maintenance of structures occurring in most types of watercourses in
the state.

The Dredge and Fill category explains specific forestry activities which fall into
this permitting section.

The Stormwater Discharge Regulation category discusses a regulation which contains
an exemption pertaining directly to forest landowners.

Please press RETURN.



12. After the user presses the Return key he or she is presented with the Water
Permits and Regulations main menu. In this example the user selected C which
corresponds to the Structures section. For the purpose of this manual only one
section has been illustrated. The other sections are similar in style and
structure.



Choose:

A. Exit
B. Introduction
C. Structures
D. Dredge and Fill
E. Stormwater Discharge Regulation
F. Agency Addresses

Enter a letter: C




STRUCTURES

In general, a permit is required for construction or maintenance of structures
occurring in all tidal areas, marshes, rivers, streams, and lakes to the ordinary high
water line. These structures include bridges, culverts, excavations, fillings,
deposition areas for dredged material, levees, intake and outfall pipes, ramps,
platforms, fences, and others. Permits for these structures are issued after approval
of the Joint Permit Application. Joint Permit Applications may be obtained from CORPS
or DER Offices across the state.

Please press RETURN.


14












13. After the user presses the Return key he or she is presented with the Water
Permits and Regulations main menu again. The user can select another section
within this program or the user can Exit and return to the forest Water Management
main menu, which will give him or her a chance to to return to the main FORINSY
menu.

At this point, any other program in FORINSY can be accessed or an exit can be
accomplished by entering "1" and pressing the carriage return.



Forestry Information System V1.L1
(FORINSY)

Choose:

1. -- Exit.
2. -- Forestry Investment.
3. -- Volumes and Yields.
4. -- Products, Markets, and Prices.
5. -- Forestry Management Assistance.
6. -- Silvicultural Practices.
7. -- Wildlife Management.
8. -- Range Management.
9. -- Forest Pest Management.
10. -- Forest Water Management.
11. -- Identification of Pines.
12. -- Wood for Energy.

Enter choice =



If an exit is chosen by entering a "1,1 an exit from the FORINSY subsystem begins.
The exit is completed when the IFAS VAX computer systems asks for a program number.
This number refers to the original VAX main menu seen earlier, which provided the
access to FORINSY and several other options. If no other option is desired, entering
"0" will cause the user to leave the main menu and go directly into the operating
system. This is signified by a "$" on the left side of the screen or page.



Program number:



$




The user can either go to other programs within the IFAS VAX operating system or
enter "Lo" to log off the host computer. At this point the signal is lost and the
equipment can be turned off.









15











REFERENCES

Best Management Practices Section

1. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation publication, "Silviculture Best
Management Practices Manual."

2. Carlisle, V. W., and Brown, R. B. 1982. Florida Soil Identification Handbook.
Fla. Coop. Ext. Serv. 186 p.

Water Permits and Regulations Section

1. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation publication, "State of Florida,
Joint Application for Permit."

2. Florida Department of Environmental Regulation publication, "Regulation of
Stormwater Discharge."

















































16











SOIL SERIES FOR THE FOREST MANAGEMENT MODEL AND INFORMATION SYSTEM



ADAMSVILLE CLARENDON GATOR LUTTERLOH PAHOKEE SEABROOK
ALAPAHA COCOA GENTRY LYNCHBURG PAISLEY SEAGATE
ALBANY COMPASS GOLDSBORO LYNN HAVEN PALM BEACH SELLERS
ALPIN COPELAND GRADY LYNNE PALMETTO SHUBUTA
AMERICUS CORNELIA GREENVILLE MALABAR PAMLICO SMYRNA
ANCLOTTE CONGAREE GRITNEY MANATEE PANASOFFKEE SPARR
ANGIE COWARTS HAGUE MANDARIN PANSEY STILSON
ANKONA COXVILLE HALLANDALE MANTACHIE PANTEGO STOCKADE
APALACHEE CUTHBERT HANDSBORO MARGATE PAOLA STOUGH
APOPKA DANIA HANNAHATCHEE MARLBORO PARKWOOD SUNSWEET
ARCHER DAWHOO HEROD MARTEL PEDRO CURRENCY
ARDILLA DAYTON HILOLO MASARYK PELHAM SUSANNA
ARIPEKA DE LAND HOBE MASCOTTE PENDARVIS SUSQUEHANNA
ARRENDONDO DELKS HOLOPAW MATMON PEPPER TALQUIN
ASTATULA DELRAY HONTOON MAUREPAS PICKNEY TANTILE
ASTOR DOROVA HORNSVILLE MAXTON PINE FLAT TAVARES
BAKERSVILLE DOTHAN IBERIA MEGGETT PINEDA TEQUESTA
BASINGER DUETTE ICHETUCKNEE MICANOPY PINELLAS TERRA CEIA
BAYBORO DUNBAR IMMOKALEE MICCO PLACID TIFTON
BESSIE DUPLIN ISTOKPOGA MILLHOPPER PLANTATION TISONIA
BETHERA EATON IUGA MONTEOCHA PLUMMER TOCOI
BIBB EAU GALLIE IZAGORA MONTEVERDE POCOMOKE TOMOKA
BLINNSVILLE EBRO JOHNS MULAT POMELLO TORHUNTA
BLADEN ECOFINA JOHNSTON MUSTANG POMONA TORRY
BLANTON ELECTRA JONATHON MOULTRIE POMPANO TROUP
BLICHTON ELLABELLE JONESVILLE MYAKKA PEOPLE TURNBULL
BLUFF ELDRED JUMPER MYATT PORTSMOUTH TUSCAWILLA
BORADMAN ELMERA JUPITER NARCOOSSEE POTTSBURG VALKARIA
BOCA ENOREE KALIGA NETTLES RAINS VERO
BOHICKET ESCAMBIA KALMIA NEWNAN RED BAY WABASSO
BONIFAY ESTERO KANAPAHA NITTAW RESOTA WACAHOOTA
BOWIE ESTO KENANSVILLE NOBLETON RIDGELAND WAGRAM
BRADEN EULONIA KENDRICK NORFOLK RIMINI WAHEE
BRIGHTON EUREKA KENNY NUGENT RIVERVIEW WAUBERG
BROWARD EUSTIS KERSHAW OCHLOCKONEE RIVIERA WAUCHULA
BULOW EVERGLADES KERSON OCILLA RUSTON WAVELAND
BUSHNELL FACEVILLE KINSTON OCOEE RUTLEDGE WEEKIWACHEE
CAHABA FARMTON KLEJ OKEECHOBEE ST. AUGUSTINE WELAKA
CANAVERAL FELDA KUREB OKEELANTA ST. JOHNS WESCONNET
CHANDLER FELLOWSHIP LACOOCHIE OKLAWAHA ST. LUCIE WESTON
CANOVA FLEMINGTON LAKE OKTIBBEHA SALERNO WICKHAM
CAPERS FLORIDIANA LAKELAND OLDSMAR SAMSULA WICKSBURG
CAPTIVA FT. DRUM LAKEWOOD OLUSTEE SANIBEL WILLISTON
CARNEGIE FT. MEADE LAUDERHILL ONA SANTEE WINI
CASSIA FOXWORTH LAWNWOOD ORANGEBURG SAPELO WULFER
CHAIRS FREEMAN LEAF ORLANDO SATELLITE YONGES
CHARLOTTE FRIPP LEEFIELD ORSINO SAVANNA YULEE
CHEWACLA FUQUAY LEON ORTEGA SAWYER ZEPHYR
CHIPLEY GAINESVILLE LOCHLOOSA OSIER SCOGGIN ZOLFO
CHIPOLA GALVESTON LOKOSEE PACTOLUS SCRANTON ZUBER
CHOBEE GARCON LUCY



17




















































































COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL -
SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertiller, director, In cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Infor-
mation to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educa-
tional information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or
national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers is available from
C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this
Publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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