Title: Eye
ALL ISSUES CITATION ZOOMABLE PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027954/00004
 Material Information
Title: Eye
Uniform Title: Eye
Physical Description: Newspaper
Publication Date: October 27, 1970
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
Coordinates: 29.665245 x -82.336097 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027954
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text





10 cents


t Number 4.





Gainesville, Florida




IT TAKES A WHILE FOR REALITY TO SOAK IN, SOMETIMES. JOE WALLER SAID
A THING THE OTHER NIGHT THAT DROVE IT HOME FOR ME. HE SAID THAT IF HE GOT
RIPPED OFF, HIS BROTHERS WOULD TAKE CARE OF HIM-- THEY WOULDN'T JUST LET
THAT HAPPEN. BUT HE SAID THEY RIPPED OFF BOB CANNEY, AND HE'S A GOOD MAN
AND HE' S TRYING TO DO SOMETHING FOR THE STUDENTS AND TEACHERS AT THE UNI-
VERSITY, AND WE JUST LET THAT HAPPEN TO HIM.
I WAS STILL IN CULTURE SHOCK BEING BACK AT THE UNIVERSITY AFTER A FREE
SUMMER WHEN THE RALLY FOR BOB WAS HELD, AND I DIDN'T HAVE IT TOGETHER; I
DIDN'T UNDERSTAND WHAT IS HAPPENING. WHAT IS HAPPENING IS NOT JUST THAT A
FRIEND IS GETTING MESSED OVER, THROWN OUT OF CLASSROOM AND JOB AND LEFT FACING
PRISON. PEOPLE ON THE CAMPUS TEND TO MAKE IT A PERSONAL MATTER, THIS MAN' S
BAD LUCK; AND THEY FIGURE IT'S RIGHT FOR HIS PERSONAL FRIENDS TO RALLY BEHIND
HIM, BUT THAT IT DOESN'T AFFECT THE REST OF THE UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY. BUT
THAT'S NOT THE POINT AT ALL. IT DOESN'T MATTER WHAT THIS MAN'S NAME IS, AND
HIS PERSONAL FRIENDS HAVE NO MORE AT STAKE IN THIS THAN EVERY ONE OF
THE REST OF US HAS. HE IS MERELY THE LATEST IN THE ROW OF DUCKS AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA SHOOTING GALLERY: DR. ZABEEH, ED RICHER, SPENCER BOYER,
MARSHALL JONES, LEE LAMBORN, BOB CANNEY. WHAT ABOUT KEN MEGILL, IS HE NEXT?
WHAT ABOUT SEVERAL OTHERS I CAN THINK OF WHO TRY TO TEACH SOMETHING THAT
MATTERS? WHAT ABOUT ME?
I'LL TELL YOU ABOUT ME. I DON'T TAKE THE UNIVERSITY TO BE A REFUGE
WHERE IDEAS CAN FLOW FREELY. IF WE STUDENTS AND TEACHERS USE THE UNIVERSITY
AS A REFUGE, WHAT THAT REALLY MEANS IS THAT WE COMPARTMENTALIZE OURSELVES.
WE PUT UP WITH STIFLING BOREDOM AND PHONY PRESSURES IN THE CLASSROOM, AND DO
OUR LIVING AWAY FROM THE UNIVERSITY, IN OUR PRIVATE HOMES. IT'S AN EASY
LIFE: ALL YOU HAVE TO DO IS DIE A FEW HOURS A DAY AS A STUDENT OR TEACHER,
AND THEN YOU CAN ENJOY SOME HOURS OF LIVING ELSEWHERE. IT'S MUCH EASIER THAN
WORKING ON A CONSTRUCTION GANG. BUT I DON'T THINK THAT ANYONE CAN PLAY THESE
PHONY, ARTIFICIAL GAMES AND SUBMIT TO THEIR PRESSURES DAY AFTER DAY WITHOUT
BECOMING PHONY AND ARTIFICIAL. IT'S VERY SIMPLE: WE ARE WHAT WE DO. I GET
STUDENTS AFTER THEY'VE BECOME PASSIVE AND BORED, THEY KNOW ALMOST NOTHING
ABOUT REALITY, AND THE REAL LEARNING PROCESS HAS BECOME UTTERLY FOREIGN TO
THEM. THESE PRESSURES TAKE THEIR TOLL ON ANYONE, NO MATTER HOW FREE AND HOW
COOL HE MAY BELIEVE HIMSELF TO BE. IT APPLIES TO ME AND IT APPLIES TO EVERY-
ONE RIGHT DOWN THE LINE, INCLUDING THE FREAKIEST HEAD AROUND.
I REFUSE TO COMPARTMENTALIZE MYSELF. IT HAS TAKEN AWHILE FOR ME TO SEE
CLEARLY HOW SUBTLY AND INSIDIOUSLY THE UNIVERSITY'S UGLIER TENDENCIES HAVE
DONE THEIR WORK ON ME, TOO. BUT I AM NOT GOING TO LEAVE MY HUMANITY AT HOME
WHEN I COME TO THE CAMPUS. IT'S GOING TO BE THERE IN THE CLASSROOM, AND OUT
ON THE PLAZA, AND WHEREVER ELSE I AM AS LONG AS I'M AROUND HERE. I'M GOING
TO TELL THE TRUTH IN MY CLASSES AND I'M GOING TO TALK ABOUT REAL ISSUES, AND
I'M GOING TO DO WHAT I CAN TO HELP PEOPLE REALLY TO LEARN. AND THAT MEANS
AMONG OTHER THINGS TALKING AND ACTING ON THE TRUTH AS I SEE IT ABOUT WHAT GOES
ON HERE IN THIS UNIVERSITY, AND IN THIS TOWN AND THIS STATE, AND IN THE NATION.
I THINK THAT'S WHAT BOB CANNEY AND THE OTHERS WHO'VE BEEN PICKED OFF WERE
DOING, AND I THINK IT'S WHAT ANYONE HAS TO DO UNLESS HE IS WILLING TO SELL OUT
HIS HUMANITY.
WHEN REALITY DOES SOAK IN, IT'S AMAZING SOMETIMES I AS SOON AS I REA-
LIZED VERY CLEARLY MY OWN SITUATION AND WHAT I WILL AND WON'T DO AS A TEACHER
ON THIS CAMPUS, I ALSO KNEW THAT BOB CANNEY AND THOSE OTHERS ARE ME. WE ARE
BROTHERS THE WAY JOE WALLER TALKS ABOUT HIS BROTHERS. WHAT THEY DO TO BOB
TODAY, TOMORROW THEY MAY DO TO ME. STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ALIKE (BOB IS BOTH),
THEY CAN PICK US OFF ONE BY ONE-- UNLESS WE TAKE CARE OF ONE ANOTHER.
I DON'T WANT THE UNIVERSITY TO GET AWAY WITH IT THIS TIME. I DON'T
THINK WE HAVE TO LET IT HAPPEN. AND I KNOW THAT IF WE DON'T EVEN TRY TO LOOK
OUT FOR ONE OF OUR OWN WHEN HE GETS RIPPED OFF, WE DON'T DESERVE ANY BETTER
WHEN OUR OWN TIME COMES UP IN THE SHOOTING GALLERY.
I WANT THE STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ON THIS CAMPUS TO REFUSE TO SIT BY AND
LET BOB BE FIRED AS OF NOVEMBER 15. THIS IS OUR UNIVERSITY. ADMINISTRATORS
ARE FOR EMPTYING WASTEBASKETS AND KEEPING THE AIR-CONDITIONING GOING. IT' S
TIME THE DOG STOPPED LETTING THE TAIL WAG IT. I'D LIKE TO START OFF WITH
A RALLY ON THE PLAZA THE WEEK AFTER HOMECOMING, TO TALK STRAIGHT ABOUT THE
SITUATION. A LOT OF PEOPLE DON'T UNDERSTAND WHAT THE ISSUE IS, AND I'D LIKE
A CHANCE TO EXPLAIN HOW I SEE IT, AND PLENTY OF OTHERS WOULD, TOO. .WE ARE
THE UNIVERSITY; IT IS WE WHO ARE IN THE CLASSROOMS. I WANT TO MAKE THOSE
CLASSROOMS OURS IN PRACTICE AS WELL AS IN THEORY-- MAYBE WE'LL HAVE TO EMPTY
THEM FOR AWHILE, IF THE ADMINISTRATION CAN'T BE ENLIGHTENED ABOUT WHAT A
UNIVERSITY IS ALL ABOUT ANY OTHER WAY.
BROTHERS AND SISTERS-- LET'S. GET IT TOGETHER NOW.



October 27, 1970 Do.. of Phi.oophy













gatorscreate new decade's *

fate?









Homecoming weekend is ,.0
event of the year at the Uni- A
versity of Florida. When
such an extravaganza is off
icially sanctioned by state
and local officials, it needs A
to be understood, for officials
don't sanction anything which
is antithetical to their in-.
terests. .
One way to understand the T
homecoming spectacle is to ,. j.
consider its social, poli- 4t
tical, and economic impli- is the pe go hungry, while people
cations and what those i- The football game is the are dying and being murdered,
plications mean to those of highlight of the weekend. ile people suffer from po-
us who are involved in the Thousands of individuals herd while people suffer from -brutality,
human liberation struggle themselves into the stadium the ilce repression denied rele-
and, consequently, are con- to observe the grandeur of the whint le warning in schools,
cerned with basic human exhibition before them. The vant learning in schools,
values* values emphasized in the "game" while people continue living
Socially, homecoming is a are competitiveness, aggress- huing, whrat and r eoplach-infare
time when new friendships iveness, toughness, and the dehousing, whiadequate health care,
are formed and old friendships will to win. All of which denile people continue being
renewed. Such friendships, re-enforces the masculine whploited sexually and econ-
however, must be distinguished stereotype befitting a male- exploited really and econ
from ounal bonds. These dominated society. omically..
friendships are elitist in The players are encour- What's Happening
the sense that they are based aged and inspired by "cheer-
on status distinctions rather leaders" who work to re-en-
than a shared sense of com- force the feminine stereotype. CONCEPTS OF WOMEN'S
unity. true sense of comrn- They are the supporters, the LIBERATION
munity, of course, grows out morale boosters, and the con- Every Monday
of the recognition that other solers in the event of tragedy, Santa Fe (Old
people are one's equals be- whether an injury or a lost Hotel Thomas)
cause all people are involved game. A passerby might hear Rm 240 7:30pm
in the adventure of life. a roar go up from the audi- VETS FOR PEACE
The homecoming parade is an ence in response to a touch- Every Tuesday
ego-trip for most of its par- down and be reminded of how Bench & Bar 7:30pm
ticipants. Businessmen take the Roman Coliseum might also
the opportunity to advertise have sounded when some slave FLORIDA STUDENT
their wares. Sororities and or Christian lost his or her MOVEMENT
fraternities vie with one contest with a lion. Martial Every Wednesday
another for attention. Pol- music is part of the pageant 3rd Floor Union
iticians wave to the crowd which serves to excite one's 8:00pm
with death-mask grins in the senses and team spirit. 80
hope of attracting future The economic value of home- Oct 30- Oct. 31
supporters for their racist coming is most realized by lo- Counter Homecoming
and economically exploita- cal businesses. Motels, ho4 See Page 3
tive programs. Shriners act tels, restaurants, service Nov. 1
childish to give the impres- stations, bus lines, airlines, "Through a Glass
ton that they are a jovial and stores are kept busy with Darkly" Union Aud.
and public- spirited lot. customers and sales. These Nov. 3
The homecoming queen and her combined business interests Fla. Barogue Ensemble
Univ. Aud. 8:15 p.m.
court, who are supposed largely determine local gov- Nov. 4
to represent an ideal ernment: selective law-enforce- AFT Meeting Richard
standard of feminine beauty, ment, injustice in the courts, Hixson, Natl. Officer
in reality illustrate the repression in the schools, ab- of AFT will speak on
continuing sexual, racial, sentee landlords in the Black "Collective Bargaining
and economic oppression of community, etc. For College Teachers"
women. Homecoming is an event Union Aud 4:00 pm
Gator Growl is the more which lends itself to the cre- Nov. 5
obvious political event of ation of more or less pleasant n"To Be Young, Gifted and
homecoming. Here politi- memories, resulting in an e- Black Union Play
cans and their programs or motional investment which is Univ. aud. 8:30 pm
positions are lampooned in a designed to sustain not only Nov. 6
good-natured way, giving spec- future repetition of the e- "HardDays Night"
tators the impression that, vent but, more important, Union Aud.
after all, the political sys- continuing support of all the Nov. 7
te is manned by just plain institutions represented. NThe Stalking Moon"
folks who, like themselves, A sick and dying culture Union Auld.
have their faults and foibles, perpetuates itself while peo- a








Counter Homecoming

Ylppie, man, it's finally
happening. Gainesville is finally These groups, the Florida
getting its shit together. Some There are people in Student Movement, Black
of us are so stoned about this that Gainesville who will have Student Union of TeAmerican
we've decided to throw a giant us forget that there is a -Federation of Teachers e
celebration. A Celebration of Life. war. But the War is too and eterans for Peace are
A time for everyone to go crazy, to close to home to forget. sponsoring two days of
live out their fantasies, to make Brothers and sisters are activities to observe the
love and to get high, a time to being put in jail at Kent National Moratorium and to
dance in the streets and dig some State for being shot at by show that the people are Sick
far-out music. And it's happening government troops, people and tired of all the lives
in the Plaza Halloween night, Oct. are being put in jails for wasted for no reason at all.
31. The music starts at midnight expressing their ideas and The Moratorium Coalition
with R.G.F. and Power and Krishna those people are being sys- is first sponsoring a movie
Lights, providing their usually tematically killed after on Thursday night called
great light show, with probably alot being put in jails. "You Don't Have to Buy war
of people doing what comes naturally. Floats, beautiful girls Mrs. Smith".
with perfect smiles and Friday we are entering a
Y I I E IBuddy Ebsen and football float in the big parade it
games are relevant to none will be a people float. It
of that, will consist of a mass of
Y IP P IE There is a Homecoming people freaks, yippies,
this year and people will people for Life, not death.
Being that it's Halloween, everyone have you and me believe that People to make the alumni,
needs a costume. We all wear is what is relevant; the the politicians, the people
costumes every day, but for this Florida Student Movement whose brains were anesthetized
special occasion everyone's says bullshit to that. see that there is something
wearing costumes of their most Hasn't enough gone on in wrong.
tripped out fantasies. Wear feathers, this country to make you Following the parade there
wear day-glo, come as an eight sick, to make you give up will be a rally at the Plaza
foot chicken, wear nothing at all. two days of fun to show that to rap about the War, racism,
The celebration of life may last the only Homecoming that repression and other relevant
for years, you know that it should, should take place is one issues. Also,to show the
so be prepared. We've heard there's for the troops fighting wars consequences of U.S. war
a coven of witches and warlocks around the world. policy, Gunther will be
coming so be prepared for that too. Until that is done napalmed.
This could be one of the farthest everything is a mockery, a There will also be a full
outest sights in the history of man circus, to have people forget list of activities Saturday.
and you, yes you, can do it. Dig what is happening to their For you Florida U. students
it? So get your little minds brothers and sisters and a nice thing would be to pick
working on some kind of neat, what will eventually happen up your football tickets --
freaked out costume and we'll see to them. you've paid for them anyway --
you on the Plaza during Halloween Concerned people in and not go to the game.
night, stoned out of course. Yippie. Gainesville are trying to There will be a People's
make other people aware that Happening during the game with
Rooty Kazooty and the gang. all is not well in amerika. music, poetry and peace.
Needless to say people
are needed to join us, to par-
ticipate with us, to help us
Spring the war home. So, if
you care, march with us, rap
at the Rally and let us know
that there are people in
.N.Gainesville who are willing
end caring enough to give up
the two days of the Homecoming
Circus to raise their voices
and demand PEACE NOW.

BRING THE WAR HOME-COMING

Fri Oct 30
10:30 Gather for the March
for Peace on the
west side of the
Univ. of Fla. track
S,.. by the Women's Club.
.4AGather under the
Vets for Peace
banner.

2:45 Rally at the UF
Plaza. Join us,
rap with us.

...Sat Oct 31
2:00 People's Happening
poetry, music,
Gunther.

12:00 Midnight Halloween
Costume Ball --
Plaza!









for women only .



TO MY WORKING

By Debbie Amico judgements either. The unreal them, eat like them, look
Up From Under Dick, Jane and Sally world like them. I learned a lan-
Liberation News Service our schoolbooks presented as guage that had little to do
the "right" way of life, en- with my life or the lives of
forced by TV and middle-class my family and fellow workers.
schoolmates' homes, made me At the same time that books
We are the invisible women, viciously attack her grammar were deluging me with middle
the faceless women, the name- whenever she spoke and ask class culture, I began to
less women the female her questions like: "How feel the pinch of unworthi-
half of the silent majority, come you never wear dresses ness, in other ways. I atten-
the female half of the ugly or get your hair done?" The ded a parochial high school
Americans, the smallest part world of my home gave me con- for one year which was upper
of the "little people." No create answers: at the time my middle class dominated. If
one photographs us, no one mother had three kids in dia- your family had no influen-
writes about us, no one puts pers and another on the way, tial friends to take out $50
us on TV. No one says we are hardly a life-style that cal- ads in the yearbook, you were
beautiful, no one says we are led for a well-dressed manni- punished -- shame on you! they
important, very few like to kin. But the middle-class said, for your failure to mea-
recognize that we are here. world of America was bigger sure up in America, shame on
We are the poor and working than my home and I was over- you because you haven't made
class white women of America, come by its judgements.. __________
and we are cruelly and sys- As I went through school, I
tematically- ignored. All our continued to be taught about
lives we have been told, an America that had little to
sometimes subtly, sometimes do with me. The picture of T E M A N
not so subtly, that we are American life drawn in his-
not worth very much. This tory books was almost always
message has been put across a comfortable one, with the Marilyn Zweig
to me, a white working class exception of.wars and the De-
woman, all my life. pression (hardships which the The non-stop plane from Miami
I think the time has come middle class participated in to London was very crowded. I
to speak out against these and thus wanted to talk about.) looked for the seat which had been
insults, and so I have de- Working class sisters, wake assigned to me; it turned out to be
cided to write about parts up! Black people were not the a middle seat between an old man
of my life and my ideas. I only ones left out of history who sat by the window and another
am doing this for all my books. George Washington is no man, a rather attractive ".merican
sisters who have been made relative of yours; neither is fellow in his mid-forties or so,
to feel that they are not Henry Ford, or Nixon and Agnew. who sat on the aisle.
worth writing about, and for While George Washington was re- This second man was engaged in
all those people who have to laxing at his Mt. Vernon es- conversation with the people across
be convinced of poor white tate, your ancestors may have the aisle from him. From time to
existence, those same people been among the two-thirds ma- time he stole a glance at me, and
who told us that because we jority of white settlers who I saw he wanted to get acquainted.
are white our lives are the served as indentured servants He was well dressed and deeply
same as those of the middle for Master George and others tanned, with a look of confidence
and upper class, like him. They may have been and prosperity -- a man who, it
When I was in second grade, servants who were kidnapped appeared, had made good in the
we were given a sample apti- from the slums of England and system, a man who probably had
tude test to accustom us to Ireland and brought here in everything or close to everything.
the test-taking rut that chains to be sold to the high- I thought, "Oh, oh -- a butterfly
would ultimately determine est bidder. collector. He's going to try to
whether we would be program- Your grandmother might catch me for his collection."
med toward college or a dead- have been one of the "hud- Butterfly collectors always
end job. After we had answer- dled masses yearning to try to determine your species
ed several multiple-choice breathe free" who came to before they catch you, to make sure
questions, the teacher had us America and wound up in a you are of a sufficiently rare kind
check our answers against the tenement where free air never to be worth the catching. True to
"right" ones. One of the blew, working from can see to my predictions he began to ask a
questions pictured a man in can't see, made to feel alien g eat many questions about what I
a tuxedo, a man in a suit, and ashamed of an Old World did, where I worked, what my in-
and a man in overalls. The culture infinitely more alive terests were. Evidently I passed
question read: "Which man and colorful than the drab, his criteria for sufficient rarity,
is going to work?" The "cor- puritan "Mr. Clean" ways of for he settled back comfortably,
rect" answer was: the man in America. I have listened to half turned toward me, and moved
the suit. the old folks in my family closer. I'd told him I was inter-
I can still remember the talk about how they "came ested in human psychology. "What,"
shame that came with the rea- over" and how they survived, he asked invitingly, "do you think
lization that what went on in the first Italians in an all- are the main things operating in
my home was marked "incor- Irish neighborhood. That is human psychology today?"
rect." I responded the way my history. "On, sex and hostility," I
oppressed people often res- While Mr. Pullman was amas- said airily. I had just decided to
pond -- secretly hating my- sing his fortune, our people become the collector of a collector,
self and my family. I remem- were fighting and dying for and I wanted to shock him a little,
ber constantly begging my the rights of working men and shake him up a little, to see what
father to put on a suit -- women, our people were being he would do
my father who worked an shot and beaten for what they "Sex andl hostility, he re-
average of 65 to 80 hours believed. I was not taught peated slowly. He looked contem-
a week driving trucks, check- this in school but learned it plative, and didn't reply right away,
ing out groceries in a super- later on my own. In high and I suddenly noticed something
market, and doing any number scoo I contnuedKt lern about him that I'd missed before.
of the deadening jobs which school I continued to learn There was pain in the lines of his
came his way. middle-class ways. I spent face, pain and weariness behind the
My mother didn't escape my years learning to talk like eyes, and the sudden suggestion of a
If










CLASS SISTERS

it in the land of the free life style that included a lice and told all night that
and the home of the brave, closet full of clothes I I was either very slow or
During my high school years couldn't afford and a lei- innately stupid.
I entered the great rat race surely existence that allow- And people, in social and
of women who were dedicated ed them to look cool and un- job situations, have been
to snagging any and all men ruffled all the time. saying that ever since. In
considered desirable. I was And there I was working in social situations it is said
again led by middle class a luncheonette -- so shabby as I sit quietly by and watch.
values, and so I rejected that I never mentioned it to well-dressed, slick, confident
the knit-shirted, "greasy" anyone -- for lousy $6 a women of the upper classes,
haired dark-skinned Ital- Saturday wages that I immed- America's idea of beauty,
ians I grew up with and made lately spent in vain efforts steal the eyes, applause and
a mad dash for the Brylcreem to make myself look "accep- image of woman away from me.
man. All because I wasn't the table." During the day I gos- It is said in many ways on
girl in the Brylcreem commer- sipped condescendingly about the job: at least in my last
cial. I read all the middle- the way people dressed, play- job I was mimeographer at a
class fashion and glamour ing at being the glorious school, a "liberal" progres-
magazines and tried to look magazine girl, and at night sive school at that. I once
like the people who were able I sulked off to the phone spoke up at a staff meeting
to look that way because of a company to be bitten by cord ont. on pae 19



WHO HAD EVE RYT H INGI

certain humbleness and bewilderment vorced for several years and had
in his manner, several almost grown-up children.
Although I didn't deserve it "My wife left me a few years ago,"
right then, he honored me with his he said. "I don't know why, I've
candor. He told me what his business never known why."
was, and he told me he'd been di- "Didn't you ask her why, didn't
you discuss it?" I asked in surprise.
S"No no, we never discussed it,"
d he :aid. "To this day I don't know
why she left-. I don't understand,
W.,E ., I'l11 never understand. I thought
My everything was all right. But one
day she just left me."
I saw he'd done no emotional
'I E work at all concerning this event,
E: M had evidently suffered it passively
without making any hypotheses,
withoutt working out the possible
causes, testing them, trying out
remedies.
"Was it that one or both of
S/ f .you outgrew each other and developed
.l J* 5 diverging interests and had nothing
S7 'more in common, do you think?" I
L asked. "Or was there some specific
F problem, something in particular
That went wrong?" -- I had lost the
urge to play games with him as soon
-1 as I saw he was playing it straight
F with me. He was a sad man, and I
:rather liked him, and I wished I
could find some way to ease his
-' pain.
"I don't know, I just don't
know," he said helplessly. I
thought, the undone emotional work,
the task he has evaded, is causing
his helplessness.
He went on to speak of his
children. "I don't understand
them," he said. "I gave them
everything. But now they want
nothing to do with me. All they
do is knock everything. They
knock me, they knock the govern-
Sk ment, they knock school, they only
S |' want to take and take, they don't
l want to work. Kids nowadays are
lazy." The sadness and helplessness
S' was still in his voice. "But tell
"' me more about sex and hostility,"
,.. ,. he said. It was as if, by some
...... < mystic hunch, I'd picked a theme at
Ct o c e_.

6








THE EARTH BELONGS TO THE PEOPLE

There are also less obvious ways in which the careful study," this panel decided that Union Oil
federal government aids the forces that are and the other companies in the channel should
fourth in a series of reprints ruining America. In southern Florida, for exam- resume drilling.
from the booklet THE EARTH ple, the Army Corps of Engineers drained vast At least five of the eleven members of that
BELONGS TO THE PEOPLE, pub- areas of swamp and diverted natural waterflow panel, observed the Times, were working for
lished by People's Press. with an elaborate and costly "flood control/ Union Oil or its partners in the channel! In
irrigation" complex. addition, the paper observed that most of the
Real estate speculators and. businessman- others also had dealings with the oil industry,
farmers who controlled the land made tremen- such as contracts, or running universities that
POLLUTION: dous profits. But the ecology of the entire received large donations from oil companies.
POLLUTION:,region has been disturbed; drinking water is If the federal government allows the wolves to.
being poisoned with pesticides, and now the be the shepherds, what do state and local gov-
HOT AIR AND Everglades are dying from lack of water. ernments do?
It'e subsidize theu pollution of our own coun-
try. INDUSTRY DOMINATION
SMOKE SCREENS It's not hard to understand why the federal.
government does these things. Look at the kind The state of California has been facing pollu-
of men who hold the major "environment- tion problems as bad as any in the nation. Now
Government and industry, President Nixon management" positions. Look at the policies state officials are talking big about their counter-
told the country in his 1970 State of the Union they set. attack, which is supposed to be a model for the
message, are leading the fight against pollution. The Secretary of the Interior is Walter Hickel. nation.
The press agreed: the energy and initiative of a millionaire businessman from Alaska. He's the Among California's worst problems is massive
American private enterprise, directed and fund- guy who made a big deal about stopping oil pollution of seashores and coastal waters from
ed in the public interest by the watchdog gov- drilling in the Santa Barbara channel after a off-shore oil drilling. If big oil companies had to.
ernment, is the only solution. Union Oil off-shore well blew out and covered pay for the messes they make, they might be a
Mr. Nixon's own program is a shining example hundreds of miles of California coastline with little more careful about mucking over our land
of how the government tackles this problem. On oil-and then he quietly reversed himself and let and water. So that is what the state attorney
nationwide TV and radio, with perhaps half the the drilling continue. Together with President general, Charles O'Brien, set out to do after the
American people tuned in, he proclaimed a $16' Nixon, he's been trying to force the "Timber big Union Oil blow-out. But when he tried to
billion program just for water pollution-a head- Supply Bill" through Congress, which would let help citizens sue the oil companies, he found
line story. lumber companies come in and chop up millions that the very state agencies set up to protect the
He failed to point out that the federal govern- of acres in our National Forests. people against industries were the strongest sup-
ment's share would be only $4 billion, to be Is Hickel more concerned about the environ- porters of the oil companies!
spent over a nine year period. This would make meant, or about the profits of the oil and lumber The state conservation boards, charged Mr.
the average yearly expenditure only $455 mil- companies? O'Brien, suffer from "industry domination."
lion, little more than half of what Congress had Can a businessman work for the best interests How often does a public official come out and'
already appropriated for 1970, and only about a of all of us? admit something like that?
third of what had already been voted for 1971. The federal government thinks so, but then But then, it was becoming difficult to cover
Nor did Nixon care to confess that he was refus- most of the top positions in government are held up. Especially when one of the directors of the
ing to spend over half the money already set by business executives and corporation lawyers ollustate agency most responsible or controlling
aside for 1970 to start fighting water pollution -like Nixon himself. pollution in the Santa Barbara channel happened
now. His "war on water pollution" is nothing The January 18, 1970, edition of the Los to be a Union Oil executive.
more than a stealthy retreat! Angeles Times carried a short article which So O'Brien turned to the experts in the state's
Of course, Nixon didn't compare his proposed demonstrates rather clearly how a businessman's universities. Men who, for the most part, drew
spending on water pollution with the $80 billion government responds to pollution problems. It their salaries from the taxpayers. The response
for the military or the $5 billion for space now pointed out that after the Santa Barbara oil- of these professors was rather interesting.
featured in his budget. drilling disaster, Nixon and Hickel appointed a "The university experts," said Mr. O'Brien,
But this little bit of deception-in front of 100 special panel to decide whether or not drilling "all seem to be working on grants from the oil
million people-only hints at the government's should be continued in the area. After "long and industry. There is an atmosphere of fear. The
real role in the pollution problem. experts are afraid that if they assist in our case
The same President Nixon who told 100 mil-
lion Americans about his concern for our cnvi- |1 2*
ronment is pushing the controversial "super- //P. I/
transport" SST, a commercial airliner that will O IE WAY
fly faster than the speed of sound. He wants to
spend $700 million giving airplane companies
like Boeing the money to develop it.
Have you ever lived by an airport? With all the
noise, it's a lousy place to live. The SST, trailing
thunderous sonic booms, will bring the sounds
of airport violence to over 60 million Americans.
Even worse, many scientists fear that the high-
flying SST will leave smoke and dirt high in tilhe
atmosphere, where it will remain indefinitely
and change the chemistry of the air. Such pollu-
tion, they believe, could have tremendously
harmful effects, ranging from blotting out sun-
light to letting through deadly ultra-violet rays
that would bombard the earth.
Very few of us will ever be able to afford a
ride on the SST. Fares will be several times ., p
higher than on regular jets. Who finds it so im- TOUVqN.IR 1 Rov
portant that such a destructive and limited air- P"MTICIArS $VfsFocAfro1
craft be built? Business executives, for one. FRA
They want to be able to cut a few hours flyingPOLLUIION
time off their intercontinental flights. TWA and
Pan Am and United like it: it means more busi-
ness. Boeing and General Dynamics like it: it
means a nice, safe government cditract on
which they can't possibly lose money. -" : -.-
And,_evidently, President Nixon likes it. -








on behalf of the people of California, thy will 1100 foot high smokestack to spread the poison exhaust and remain nearly transparent. This is
on behalf of the people of Californiaover an even wider area-and in doing so it gains supposed to mean it's no longer dangerous pollu-
lose their oil industry grants." legal freedom from pollution prosecution! tion. A better test would be to stick an-oil
Does that sound far-fetched? Wilbur H. Somer- All over America, penalties and fines like these 'company executive in the balloon along with the
ton, a professor of oil engineering, admitted that are nothing but a license for companies to fumes for a few minutes, or pump that exhaust
he wouldn't testify "because my work depends pollute. Check out your own area. If you have a through the company board room while a meet-
on good relations with the oil industry. My pollution control board, you'll see that people ing is in session.
Cainterest is servingties the petroleumair who live near the big, messy factories don't sit Other companies prefer to juggle, statistics.
California cities are notorious for their air on it. Nowhere are the people who are most And there are companies, slightly more blatant
pollution. What have urban officials done? affected by industrial poison given the chance to than most, that revert to outright lies:
In the Bay Area, officials got together and set control it. Everywhere government works with If you read Life, or Look, or Time, you've
up a regional authority: the Bay Area Air Pollu- industry to save them the expense of cleaning probably seen full-page ads showing crystal-clear
tion Control District (BAAPCD). Read the up, and to convince us that something is being rivers flowing through green, unspoiled forests.
hand-outs this agency distributes and you I see done. The Georgia-Pacific Lumber Co. places these ads
how they've cut down on air pollution by vigor- And if this is how government tackles pollu- and tells us how much it believes in conserva-
ous enforcement. Go to San Francisco or Oak- tion, it's not hard to guess what industry does. tion. That samec company, reported a Portland,
land, especially on a sunny, calm day, and your Oregon, newspaper, sent letters to its workers
eyes, nose and lungs tell a different story. INDUSTRY'S SOLUTION attacking conservationists because they were
What kind of policies does the BAAPCD fol- "trying to limit the workers' right to cut trees!"
low? For one thing, it's very tolerant of indus- Many companies take a "cosmetic" approach They're also spending huge sums of money
trial pollution. According to BAAPCD regula- to pollution. If you can't see it, then it's not pushing for the Timber Supply Bill.
tions, when pollution control devices in factories there. It's a good story to remember next time some
have breakdowns, companies can be excused for They mix steam with the crud belching out of big corporation tries to teli you how concerned
polluting the air. their smokestacks so that the plume looks white, it is about our environment.
One study found that the Shell Oil refinery in and clean, and harmless. Companies that emit What big corporations are really concerned
nearby Martinez reported "breakdowns" on 84 too much filth to disguise often do their dirty about is money. That's why they go to so much
out of 111 days! work at night-an even better ploy. trouble to be sure the government-and even the
The BAAPCD likes to play down air pollution Oil companies come out with big ads showing public-won't tip the applecart. Because the
from big industries. They set their standards so how their "special additive" gasolines make car balance sheet is very one-sided about who prof-
low that they don't even conform to state health exhaust so clean that a balloon can be filled with its from pollution versus who pays for it. It
standards. This way, industries can pollute all reads as follows:
.they please and still brag to the public, "We're
responsible! We're within the safety standards!"
The BAAPCD makes big claims about how ,In 1969, American corporations spent ap-
The BAAPCD makes big claims about how it proximately a billion dollars on pollution
is winning the battle against air pollution. It tells -control, while amassing after-tax profits of
the public how it cut air pollution "34.3%" in $66 billion. They spent only 1.5% of their
1967 alone. It doesn't confess that this impres- profits cleaning up their own mess!
sive figure really refers to the amount of air Even these figures are deceptive. The fed-
pollution it claims to have prevented. But total eral and state governments give big tax
air pollution is increasing. "At least things are breaks to corporations for their pollution-
qcontrol expenses. For every million dollars
getting worse a little less quickly" is what the companies spend, they get back over
BAAPCD really means. / $700,000. The public pays 70% of their -
Things weren't always done this way. Back in costs. Their break is our burden.
1961, a man by the name of Benjamin Linsky / Not only do we quietly pick up the tab for
was- the main enforcement officer for the business' own expenses, but the bill for
BAAPCD. He ordered a series of studies and government anti-pollution programs also '
then concluded that autos were causingonly 25% falls on our shoulders.
of local air pollution. Mr. Linsky was quietly The government wants the public to pay
eased out of office. His replacement was D. J. over $10 billion for municipal treatment
(Jud) Callaghan, a former PG&E executive. plants over the next five years, while asking .
(Jud) Callaghan, a former PG&E executive, industry to spend only $3 billion (tax-
Within a short time, the BAAPCD decided that deductible) on its own waste water. But
cars, not industry, were the worst offenders of industry uses-and dirties-two-thirds of
all. America's water, and farmers account for 1
What kind of ecology-minded people give most of the rest.
policy advice about air pollution to Jud Calla- The icing on the cake is the simple fact
ghan and the BAAPCD? that 40% of all the wastes handled by public
One man works for Standard Oil. Another water plants come from industry! There's --
works for Dow Chemical. A third draws pay- another $4 billion we pick up for them.
checks from the Pacific Gas and Electric Corn- It's the same story with air pollution. What
pany, one of the major air polluters and land- companies pay they save on tax deductions, -
holders in the area. Three of the "advisors" are or else they raise prices and pass the costs on
actually paid consultants for the Bay Area to us. We pay extra for smog control devices
on our cars, and for modified gasoline.
League of Industrial Associations, an organiza- our cars, and for modified gasoline.
tion put together by big companies like Stan- And garbage: the cost of handling all the -
dard Oil and PG&E to apply "friendly pressure" trash from industry, and all the consumer
products which can't be disposed of, will be In other words corporations want us to
on public officials and tell the public what a over $40 billion during the next five to ten pay for their own pollution, while making
great job industry does. years. Forbes Magazine, a businessman's big profits out of pollution itself. Pollution
The wolves are the shepherds. journal, tells us very clearly just what this control is becoming a Big Business. Some of
And California is no exception. It is even means: "Little wonder that businessmen and -the big companies that rank among the
considered to have the strictest pollution con- Wall Streeters alike are drooling ... The worst of all polluters are buying up pollution
taxpayer had better steel himself to pay the control companies. They want to have their
trols in the nation! tab." cake and eat it.
In Eugene, Oregon, there was a filter stoppage
in the huge Weyerhauser wood-pulp plant.
Rather than shut down the plant, the company
decided to continue operations, even though There should be no doubt now why the wealthy people, or people with powerful back-
they were dumping raw pollutant-sheer poison Bigwigs tell us that "People Pollute." "Let the crs, can get into office; when the nation's news-
-into the river 100 yards upstream from the public pay!" is their real message. papers and radio and television stations are
city water intake. The company continued pro- They get away with it because the role of controlled by wealthy men and powerful corpo-
duction for the two days it took the filter to be industry shapes the role of government. All rations. Very rarely do black or white working
fixed, and then paid a small fine for its pollu- across the nation, big corporations have friends people, or non-wealthy housewives, get to be-
tion. on planning boards, tn legislatures, and on pollu- come mayors, or city supervisors-or pollution
In Tacoma, Washington, the American Smelt- tion commissions. They sponsor the research of control officials.
ing Co. paid the grand total of $3,750 for one university experts. Their interests are well repre- But what if more of them did? Suppose there
year of poisoning the area with lethal, stinking sented. Who represents the interests of the were lots of dedicated politicians, and suppose
sulfur dioxide. The company is now building ar people? corporations agreed to cooperate. Then could.
*7 No one can represent our interests when only they stop pollution? How would they do it?








By Marie Moran

No more fairy tales.
SThe grand jury turned out an
indictment for first degree murder
in the "tentative suicide" of draft
NO_ resister Bill Baugher. This was
N accomplished despite Sheriff's
Office lies.
The following are observations
I RY made in the course of my involve-
ment in investigating Bill's arrest.
On March 30, 1970, after roughly
three weeks in prison, there was a
pre-trial hearing to show cause
why Baugher should be held prisoner.
Sergeant Jim Hooten of the Narcotics
Division provided the "cause." He
stated that the defendant had been
E smoking a joint on a street corner.
He saw this while driving by in his
unmarked patrol car, and was able
to conclude that it was marijuana
because "of the way he was inhaling."
Hooten's testimony provided the
rationale for prison.
I left the courtroom stifling
a desire to throw up. A young man,
24 going on 39, neat suit, reason--
ably developed beer belly, black
briefcase, entered the elevator
along with me. He was talking to
a young cop. "We really nailed
him this time. Hooten's a pretty
good man. As good as they come.
Baugher couldn't get out of it."
Yes, you really did nail
him. After 6 months the prison
bars became the wood. (a question
for the state's attorney's assis-
tant "Have you ever touched
prison bars?") Sergeant Hooten is
now a criminal investigator for
the state's attorney's office.
I visited Bill during his
prison term. "Visiting" means
shouting through grated metal at
the other side of the concrete






SJail Concert




yard. They said that the
entire upper part of the
jail went on the hunger
strike. The Gainesville
Sunday October 8 saw a The prisoners were Sun had been told by
free community concert held taken from the day rooms, jailers that only one
in front of Alachua County or bigger cells where cell block of young blacks
Jail. they socialize, and locked went on that hunger strike.
The purpose of the con- in their individual cells. When asked why they went
cert was to communicate Why? Because from the on a strike with the blacks
with those prisoners who day room cells they would one older white prisoner
went on a hunger strike to have been able to clearly said, "They are my people."
demand basic human rights, hear the concert and with
This communication was to the strength of numbers This came from someone
be in the form of freedom they would have dared to well-trusted by the jailers
songs or folk rock per- communicate with shouts. whose life has, until now,
formed by four individuals. The prisoners were been conditioned to racism.
The concert was meant not allowed to make any After an hour, the
to be a non-violent state- type of response to the concert ended. The last
ment of brotherhood from concert. to leave shouted questions
Woodstock Nation or About 40 community at the one face seen from
recognition from our members were present. the jail windows. We
loosely structured commun- Absolute silence came from asked, "Did you enjoy it?"
ity to those who have the jail. No response. "Are you
begun a conscious effort A few older prisoners allowed to speak at all?"
to claim their humanity, were out in the prison A feeble"No."









immediate family-like parents-
were being allowed in. You knew
and steel wall. The most private me as Bill's cousin. I said that
form of communication is the letter-- I understood the problem and that
which gets censored by half-literate I would like that order of denial
jailers. of visiting rights in writing.
Lt. Peterson, warden of Alachua With the word "writing" you
County Jail, has made several state- became very upset and ranted "You
ments claiming ignorance of any mis- are trying to jeopardize my jobl"
treatment Baugher might have received. Was I? How could giving an order
Let me refresh your memory, Lt. jeopardize your job as chief jailer?
Peterson. You eventually let me in, rather
In June of 69 Baugher was in than hand me something that could
In June of '69 Baugher was in be used as "evidence".
your jail for the first time. He Lt. Peterson, why didn't the
was beaten up by a convicted rapist Sheriff's Dept. notify me of my
and taken to Alachua General Hospital "cousin's" death? As far as you
for stitches. On his return to the know I was his only local relative,
jail he asked you to place him in and you certainly had my address.
a different cell. You refused. Isn't it normal procedure to notify
Baugher then phoned me. Not so relatives?
much to describe what had happened Also why did you hide from the
as to inform me of what would Also wh homhe
happen. He said that if he was marchers-to-the-jail Sept. 30? Can
returned to the same cell that he you explain why you would not face
and the rapist would fight again, two unarmed women? Why did someone
and that one of them was going to who wasn't you identify himself as
get killed. I then asked to talk you? Wasn't that you crouching
to you. After a while you picked behind the door with the glass-panel
up the phone, denied ever having top?
considered placing Baugher back There are many more questions I
with the man, and "yes, mam, we'll would like to ask you concerning
put him in an entirely different what I have observed of your behavior,
cell block." maybe I'll do that next issue. Maybe
After the April beating by I am being unfair in that I am not
redneck prisoners, the officer you including the actions of other mem-
had at the jail desk tried to pre- bers of your jail staff. As warden,
vent my finding out about the beating. sir, you have to take full responsi-
I spoke to you personally about ability of whatever goes down in your
it, Lt. Peterson. It seems that you County Jail.
forgot my promise to you concerning
publicity and investigation in the THE WOODSTOCK NATION JURY INDICTS
event of more harassment. In the NOT MERELY ONE PRISONER, BUT THE STATE
months that you remembered that ATTORNEY, THE JUDGE AND THE PRISON
promise there was no harassment of OFFICIALS WHO MADE BILL BAUGHER'S
Baugher. MURDER POSSIBLE.
In June I was told that I
could not visit because the jail This article is one of a series
had too many visitors and only on law enforcers of Alachua County.





















S- '. **4 -.4



.4 : I >. ; ,' .


4:1(

^~7 Him '









by John Gordon

ta O S 9-In 1948,the U.N. ordered
that the British colony of
t independence and divided into
two states, an Arab state of
Palestine and a Jewish home-
land, Israel.
War immediately broke
I out between the two antagon-
/ istic groups. The Arab
(forces consisted of conscript
armies from the kingdoms of
Egypt and Trans-Jordan
(Jordan). The Arab forces
were defeated, the Israelis
00,-A driving them back and
O', occupying the Arab areas of
I' ^ Palestine, thus obliterating-
Ot I AS1 Palestine as a territory.
O. ^ 0 The Arab occupants of
OUT '. 4GE'1 0di O0" Palestine were faced with a
OF 0D -OOD- choice: accept second-
4IV' 0tf0 class status in the Jewish
state of Israel (where they
could never be citizens,
since the concept of Israeli
nationhood was religiously
and racially defined); or
flee into exile in Jordan,
Syria or Lebanon. The
overwhelming majority chose
exile, most in Jordan.
But the reactionary
Jordanian Monarch Abdullah
was little interested in
the condition of the
Palestinian exiles. His
power secured by the support
of the backward Bedouin
Sa tribesmen and British (later
U.S.) military aid, he
herded the refugees into
concentration-camp-like
"refugee centers", where they
have remained to this day.
Outside of some aid from
the Red Crescent (Moslem Red
It is almost a year since the Palestin, Cross), they have received
Liberation Movement, Fateh, declared officially and little help from anyone.
for the first time, a political program spelling out Having little organization
the ultimate objective of the liberation struggle. or leadership, they could
The declaration stated: "We are fighting today to do little about their
create the new Palestine of tomorrow; a progressive condition as unwanted exiles.
democratic and non-sectarian Palestine in which Chris- .Then, in 1967, Israel
tian, Moslem and Jew will worship, work, live peace- struck again, invading Syria,
fully and enjoy equal rights." The statement further Jordan and Egypt. In the
added, "Our Palestinian revolution still stretches its "Seven-Day War" Israel
welcoming hand to all human beings who want to fight occupied the Gaza strip, the
for, and live in, a democratic, tolerant Palestine, Golan heights of Syria, the
irrespective of race, cQlor or religion." entire Sinai Peninsula, and
The statement was repeated, explained and all of Jordan west of the
amplified by Fateh representatives in every inter- Jordan River. The occupa-
national gathering attended by a Fateh delegation. tion of the west bank sent
The official spokesman of Fateh, Abu Ammar, was quo- a new rush of Palestinian
ted by several journalists as saying that "once we refugees into Jordan.
defeat the enemy and liberate Palestine we will These new exiles brought
create a home for all of us." with them a greater poli-
Abu lyad, one of the leaders of Fateh., stated tical awareness and a more
in a long interview with the editor of Al-Taleea developed sense ofnation-
that the Palestinian revolution condemns persecution revitalized the refugeespirit
of human beings and discriminationbased on any form revitalized the refugee
or shape and that Fateh would help Jews anywhere if camps, turning them into
they faced persecution at the hands of racists. Abupolitical centers andes-
Iyad said that he would be willing to give these Jews Liberation Organization.
arms and fight with them. L beration Organization.
Such a statement was. not just a fantastic prop- broad united front of politi-
aganda claim, it was put into effect a few weeks cal organizations and feday-
later when Fateh students protected Jewish professor een bands. They demanded
Eli Loebel in Frankfort, Germany, from molestation that Israel be transformed
and attempted murder at the hands of Zionist German into a politically, ter-
thugs last July. Fateh protected Jewish members of ritorially-defined state
Matzpen [the Israeli Socialist Organization] *in Ger- where Arabs and Jews could
many after their lives were threatened in the same co-exist in equality, rather
incident. than a religious, racial
state in which only Jews
could be full citizens.

10








France) in the Suez invasion supplied planes,, and tanks..
of 1956. But, with U.S. Most of the casualties were
support, the Arab feudal Palestinian civilians.
monarchies survived the Arab During the war, the
people's opposition to the Jordanians made much pub-
invasion. licity of a Palestinian
The new influx of refugees Commando force striking
had brought the number of from Syria into Jordan in
Palestinians in Jordan to support of their brothers.
over two million, outnumber- Jordan, the U.S., and
ing the Jordanians almost Israel all branded this a
two-to-one. Therefore the "Syrian invasion" and protes-
M political base of the pro- ted mightily. Meanwhile,
U.S. King Hussein (Abdul- Israel openly announced that
Id lah's son) became extremely they were ready to intervene,
M shaky. if necessary, to preserve
The power of the Pal- their friend Hussein in
estinians grew as the power.
strength of their commando The Jordanian Army was
armies grew, and the King wracked by desertions of
was powerless to stop them, Palestinian and even Jordan-
P especially since many ian soldiers; but the bulk
Jordanians supported the of the Army, Bedouin tribes-
Palestinians in their men fiercely loyal to
Struggle. Hussein, remained. Their
Hussein was caught in superior members and equip-
a dilemma. On the one hand ment were sufficient to
his U.S. benefactors were maintain Hussein's power, as
pressuring him to take a a cease-fire was finally
pro-Israel stand, accepting agreed to, which basically
the 1967 annexations without preserved the pre-Civil War
opposition. status quo. But the Pal-
On the other hand, the estinians had suffered heavy
Palestinians, many Jordanians losses the great majority
and the progressive Arab of the estimated 20,000 dead.
governments (Egypt, Syria, Hussein also suffered a
and Iraq mainly) were great loss: the loss of
demanding that he continue whatever prestige he may have
the struggle, or at least had in the Arab world. His
These new organizations help the Palestinians con- position was revealed as an
of the Palestinian people tinue the struggle, against ally of Israel and the U.S.
quickly became a major Israel. (By then the and his guilt for initiating
political force in Jordan. Palestinian Commandos were a fratricidal blood-bath
The refugees in the Gaza leading persistent large- will not be forgotten.
Strip, under Egyptian scale attacks along the In the aftermath, the
control, fared somewhat border.) situation seems to be clear.
better. After a revolt of Hussein decided to side The P.F.L.P. accomplished
progressive nationalist with the U.S. and Israel their transaction, releasing
Army officers led by Gamal and was thus committed to their hostages as their
Abdul Nasser in 1952, Egypt crushing the Commandos. On seven comrades were released
began providing some mili- several occasions in the last *(these included Leila Khaled)
tary aid to developing year Hussein attempted to This was a major victory.
groups of fedayeen stop the Commandos, but was Hussein remains in power,
(guerrillas, commandos). unable to do so without an bular with practically no
These fedayeen made their all-out civil war. popular support, even in his
mark, making Gaza one of the In September of this own country. His power now
most difficult areas for In September Fron for rests solely (and obviously)
the Israelis to "pacify" the Liberation of Palestine on U.S. and Israeli support.
after their 1967 conquests. hijacked three commercial The Palestinian Commandos
After 1948, Arab nation- hij ed and people were hurt badly
airliners and held them, in the battle, but emerged
alism and resentment of U.S.- at ai stri outside in the battle, but emerged
at an airstrip outside
British imperialism grewn.an The planes as an even more powerful
Progressive, nationalist and their passengers were political force, clearly the
governments overthrew feudal held as hostages for the dominant force in the Arab
monarchs in Egypt, Syria, P.F.L.P.'s demand for the world. And the U.S. becomes
and Iraq. release of seven of their more and more worried as the
These governments became r aides beo hev d in leadership of the Arab world
increasingly anti-U.S. and comrades being held in
increasingly anti-U.S. and ritish, Swiss and West falls into the hands of
anti-Israel. They especially German prisons. The Corn- powerful, intelligently-led,
resented the manner in which mandos guarded the air- revolutionary anti-imper-
Israel was imposed on Pales- sialists: the Palestinian
tine by the U.S.-dominated strip p reventing the people.
U.N., and the lack of U.S. Jordanian Army from inter-
protest as Israel obliterated evening.
Palestine Under strong pressure
Palestine. from the U.S. to "get tough"
Wif the gArad a ken Hussein ordered an all-out
ing of the Arab masses, the attack on all Palestinian
U.S. began to see Israel as forces, which meant an
their only firm base in the attack on the crowded
Middle East. attack on the crowded
ThMiddle East. ionarefugee camps. The com-
The reactionary govern- mandos responded by burning


accepting Israel's position their camps.
ard abandoning the Pales- For over a week, bloody
tnas Ts ion civil war raged in the .
tinieratnr uT p absi ion streets of Jordan's towns.
eh faca e of the Israeli nbIt was later disclosed that
the face of the Israeli
the Jordanian Army had and -
attack on Egypt (in con- t Jodi A h
junction with Britain and attacked the refugee camps
with artillery, U.S.







A urgency, that they were not
'A c entC s O ut- able to get involved in wiping
out the Red man, that they
were not able to get in-
hS G eO volved in slavery, that they
e were not able to get in-
Speech Goes On evolved in the massacre thatIs
happening in Vietnam today."
He said he thought that John
poverty and hunger, racism, Brown was such a person and
and exploitation, that "the only other person
Canney sailed for sev- I know of, that I think could
eral-years in the merchant be that kind of man, is Bob
marine and learned that he Canney."
didn't live in "the best of "Bob Canney," he told
all possible worlds, nor in the audience, "believes in
the best country of this you. Bob Canney believes
world," after seeing the that he's got the obliga-
conditions under which many tion to go back to whites
people lived both in this to tell them that the privi-
country and abroad. He worked leges they now have are being
for a number of years in gained as a result of wiping
i factories, mills, on con- out most of the people of
struction, in the mines, and color around the worldo.o..
got an insight into "what Bob Canney has come back
ordinary working people are with this message, hoping
up against." to galvanize you to move
by Faye Douglas Canney first became against all the forces that
politically active while at are destroying most of the
Despite a last minute the UF in the latter part of people of the world."
cancellation by ACCENT '71, 1962. During this time his Waller referred to the
Robert Canney, recently re- "consciousness of racism was American involvement in
moved from the classroom at raised," and he became aware Vietnam as "the biggest
UF, and Joe Waller, chairman of the "difficulty of working armed robbery in the world."
of the Junta of Militant Or- through channels" for social He added that the entire
ganization (JOMO), spoke at change. He also came to world was fast becoming "a
a forum in the University realize that the struggle colony of Europe and Amer-
Auditorium on Tuesday night, was not over civil rights, ica."
October 20. They were lis- per se, but over "human He qualified this, how-
tened to by an enthusiastic rights." ever, by noting that revo-
audience of some 400 persons. When he first became luticnary movements were de-
ACCENT '71 withdrew spon- conscious of the Vietnam war, veloping throughout Third
sorship as a result of he opposed it because he be- World countries with the
"pressure from the adminis- lived it was an "immoral and objective of taking back
tration." This raised ques- illegal war," Later, however, what the United States and
tions in many students' after more analysis fol- Europe have been robbing
minds, since, as Canney lowing anti-war activities, from them for so long.
pointed out, President O'Con- he began to understand that Waller urged the white
nell only recently defended it was more accurately under- members of the audience to
a "free university" (could it stood to be a "genocidal and "move in the direction of
be that he wasn't talking imperialistic war." your humanity," because, he
about UF?) by saying: According to Canney, the said, "some white people in
"But basic to all (uni- Black Power movement was the this country have to con-
versity) functions, and to "most important political vince a whole lot of other
the reason for existence of development in this country people that they ain't
such an institution, is the in this century." It was jiving." The alternative,
freedom to expose, examine, based, he said, on a number he continued, is, "if you're
dissect, evaluate, test, and of important principles, not careful, they'll be
accept or reject a full spec- among which are the right of nobody left but youand Ag-
trum of ideas, opinions and a people to define for them- new."
beliefs so that...the student selves who they are and Waller closed by telling
may acquire maturity for an- what kind of future they wanted the students, "You know what
alysis and judgment." for themselves, and the re- you've got to do ... there's
Bob Canney opened the cognition that people can something right here in
forum by acknowledging the only do this when they have Gainesville you can do:
support of all those who had the power to control their FREE BOB CANNEY!"
recognized the "serious poli- own institutions. It was
tical implications of my ar- through Black Power, he said, 1 .:
rest, trial, conviction, con- that white people came to
finement, and subsequent firing." understand that the source
Canney said that he was "pri- of the problem was not in the
vileged to share the platform Black community but in the
with Joe Waller," whom he con- white community through its
sidered to be one of the most racist institutions.
"brilliant and committed Canney stated that he
leaders in the human libera- was fired by the UF admin-
tion struggle taking place in istration because his poli-
the United States today." tical views called for a
Canney went on to cite "disturbance of the status
some of the important per- quo and because certain of-
iods and events of his own ficials want to make an ex-
life. He grew up in New ample of me to intimidate
Hampshire where, during the others from also speaking
first 15 years of his life, out.,"

kanized and christianized." JOMO and editor of "The the eye reeds $ $
meaning that he was imbued believed that there have been to keep going...
with mindless patriotism some white people in this
andta systemso moraioty country who, because their please send whatyou
which urgstemhimf noralitYto re- own humanity was suffering to can to: Box 12855
sist but to be tolerant of such a degree, and with such university station
12








Defense Fund SELL

In Action L
Six months ago Kaleb
Jackson, a 17 year old Black "
youth, was arrested for 4
breaking and entering with
intent to commit a felony. T
His bond was set at $1,000.
and he could not even pay a 4 %
bondsman $100 to bail him 'WVAw IW E
jail for four months until E Y E
finally he was arraigned.
At his arraignment he Starting .with this issue
pleaded not guilty and went you may sell the EYE for
back to jail for two more a profit. 'You sell the
months to await his trial. EYE for I0O and keep half.
He spent 6 months in jail
because he did not have Papers will be distributed
$100. on first come first served
When his trial came he a; basis. If you wish to
had seen his lawyer, a sell the EYE you may pick
public defender, only twice them up at 204 NW 16 St.
in the six months. His
charges were lessened to
breaking and entering with f if led
intent to commit a mis-
demeanor and he pleaded a f d
guilty not even knowing that
the maximum sentence was
five years. The eye 1964 Plymouth Fury in good
Saturday he was finally POSox 12855 condition in June, sat unused
bailed out by the Gainesville Univ. Sta* all summer, needs a little
Defense Fund and the NAACP Galnesvi Ile, work. Best offer.
each of whom put up $25. He Florida 32601 Call Robin. 373-2400
is awaiting sentencing.
Kaleb is not an isolated
case* Sell your handmade
Whether he was innocent goods at the Eternal
or guilty he had already Exchange, 804 W. University.
served 6 months in jail. BABUNCHKA MELTZER,
There are others who are in the cold winter in $100 Reward
county and city jail serving Boston has turned my Euimenedoff
time for crimes they have head around. Wish you'd Equipment Ripped off,
not even been judged guilty come home we all miss you. Reward for return of
of. I love you. Marshall and Crown amps
You can FREE them, at The Mad Norwegian, stolen a week ago. Noact
least temporarily by donating Gowdinia questions asked. Contact
money to the defense fund so
we can bail them out and
maybe permanently if we can
raise enough money to get
lawyers who can free them.
What can you do?
Contribute to:
Gainesville Defense Fund O L J CIA
Box 13209 Univ. Sta.
Gainesville
FREE ALL POLITICAL
PRISONERS
WHOLE S LE : RETAM-I
WE AK IANDCRAFT
SN L 3 -1,E ER G












THE FIDELITY SHOP 1122. W. UNIVERSITY AVE
420 N.W. 13th ST. 378-8045 373-1601
13










PEACEFUL REVOLUTION? r mUs
by Julian Perez Meya A*61P PTnVW rf

from their masters, for the
latter are aware that little
Genera f" -'-" ... change in the status quo will
take place as long as they
N C.itrate( .Salvador Allende, rati-
Cop fied on October 24 by the -
AnacendaCopper Mine- - Chilean legislature as the a
..- first Marxist president
4,e*W. .... in Latin America, has --
promised TRUE revolution.
MT,RCA Generd T[ir 'He has promised national-
1 National Cii BanK ----- ization of North American
Sbank(ofA AencA ) copper mines as well as other
or dPantNT------------^ Ao monopolies; he has promised
KeneeftCoprerMne t------- a re-structure of the economy L e rs
DowC .ic ------ that will re-distribute the
wealth among all the Chilean
people and end the spiraling Dear Eye,
inflation; he has promised I went to see Johnny
J every Chilean his long- Winter last night and I
CuI forgotten human rights as realized a few things
well as a hand in the *that seemed important to
decision-making process of me. Back before the Atlanta
his country. Pop Festival my father
But Salvador Allende is told me that those kind
(e already facing powerful of things were pacifiers.
opposition to his reforms. Of course I would not
There are an estimated 500 listen to what he said,
C.I.A. agents in Chile intent but now I know. We have
on preventing any change thousands of brothers and
a that threatens North American sisters in prison, yet
economic and political people sit around listening
interests. to music and taking drugs.
The Chilean upper class We tried to collect money
Revolution is a very is already shipping vast for the Defense Fund, but
Revolution appealing word amounts of capital out of most people seem to be
in popular and appealing word the country to North American copping out on our comrades.
in Latin America quite is and Swiss banks, and pre- I think that once we have
the opposite of what it ishe paring to buy their chalets a world free of oppression
Latinhere. That mericans because the in the Argentine Andes or and exploitation that we
Latin American people know their townhouses in Coral could all sit down and
very intimately that monster Gables. have a beautiful time, but
which North Americanscquaint But the biggest op- until we do, I think we
themselves with Yankee position is coming from should care more about
Imperialism. the reluctant legislature our brothers and sisters
To the Latin American itself, which has already in prisons and about all
revolution means driving attempted to keep Allende the oppression, repression,
this parasite from our land. from having control over his and exploitation going on
It means acquiring, for own military. in this country every day
the first time, control over Salvador Allende appears, Brett Canney
our economic resources, our at least now, to be a sincere Age 16
political institutions, in revolutionary to whom the
short, control over our own cause of the Chilean people
lives. is the most important. He
Revolution also means seems a man with an under-
the rejection of all the standing of the problems
vestiges of Yankee Imperial- and a commitment to action -
ism: a capitalistic system and that is foremost in a
based on exploitation; a revolution.
corrupted upper class that But the obstacles that
identifies more with Europe he faces are also substantial
and North America than with none more so than the
its own nationality; a United States itself. If
privileged minority unwil- he fails, especially if the
ling to give up those privi- failure stems from the
leges. inflexibility of a political A
Given these implications system which stands in the
of the word revolution to way of any substantial
Latin Americans, it is change, then the failure 9 A
obvious why it is such a will make clear, once and
popular word. for all, what has been
suggested in Latin America
It is also to be expected for decades that the W
that it has been and still electoral road to revolution
is used by power-hungry is closed and that the only 7T0)
politicians whose only in- one open is that of armed LOTES|
tention is maintaining their struggle.
class privileges without But if he succeeds, we
initiating any of those shall have the second free
reforms truly implied in the territory in America. 122
term; lackeys of the U.S. 4 (Jive ity
who get little opposition HASTA LA VICTORIA SIEMPRE A v
VENCEREMOS!

14









Teachers Union
=Wsso1s M e be
Ken Megill = O
Oar demoataI
"Collective Bargaining for qetmi
College Teachers" will be the rem rtau W .amu
topic of a speech by Dick -MU4 md awA.
Hixson, the national director \ twir tavi
of the College and University tostimtal
Division of the American Fed- their ramt.
eration of Teachers. The c *pi meeting will be held in the tir 5UN.,
auditorium of the Student t4mftte
Union at 4 p.m. on Nov. 4.
More than forty colleges
and universities now have
collective bargaining agree-
ments between teachers, unions Snowly. painstakingly you
and administrations. These W -e- tot
agreements not only regulate D Poothe
the salaries paid at the ytiolog of
colleges and universities, but the corporate-
they begin to provide some ibto their ktt axs ymarws ASKIG
guarantee concerning work- n"umd thusm umr m ImsIt
ing conditions. into blind A i MUT
At the City University of acceptance* A 9aar
New York, for example, the of ,AM anr ,,it,, caw"S
negotiated contract assures M* m? am
that every teacher has access As mI uA
to all files which are kept i" In
concerning him. A teacher is wm
asked to initial any item
placed in the file and he
has the right to make any
comment he wishes before an t m S" S
item becomes a part of his l in a las
record. atteift
If this simple procedure swatt~- nt
were instituted at the Uni- Yeo eh WM
versity of Florida it would s ad Yom WNa S MMU
clearly undermine the great i MdAi p& ait
secrecy regarding information k8 U "=eIwmW
which the administration bk to I oftm
gathers on its faculty members. 418 1 "O uta
This question is more than (WOW) hpsem at
an academic matter now that yM M low ths
the administration has pur- t**'" sma su
chased a new camera to im- Ba ra
prove surveillance of mem- ME=
bers of the University
community.
Last Spring some plain-
clothed, but rather obvious,
campus policemen were observed ,
attending a faculty meeting \\
and other campus police were \ S i-
taking pictures of faculty
members who attended that /'-'" -- r
meeting. A delegation from o"O-' --
the AFT visited Chief Shuler :4'.
to protest the presence ofE S
police at a faculty meeting,
particularly in the light of 6-j S
the fact that the police-. //l\ ICO
men refused to identify them-
selves when asked. At that AX
time Shuler assured the AFT s\o M
members that the information
gathered was not used by the ( /.. /\
administration and that fur- / d\-<. Lf1 5
their surveillance of the 10 / ...0
faculty while they are en- ,7:cc '4 ar" 'fE Cu @ f
gaged in legal activity t ,-
would not result in any ma-
terial being turned over to
the University administration.
Now that the administration / -
is spending even more money L -- '
for improved spying equipment, / ) ,, .O .
it is crucial that all mem- .,, '.I/ I.. C
bers of the University corn- m _.! \ --
munity can know what infor- > I
nation goes into their files. r a
One way to assure this would '_------OFI GAINESVILLE
be through a collective bar- Uii I OGT'-'S 1TL
gaining agreement such as the 9*" b '- 023 WEST UNIVERSITY AVENUE
one negotiated by the AFT at HI AoID NESVILLE,. FLOIOA 3201
City University of New York. TELEPHONE 376-1042
15









e FLORIDA
So what is new or dif- field trips, sound and
ferent about the Florida light as well as the
Experimental College? possibilities inherent
College challenges you
to assume responsibility counters.
for your own education. Our FOURTH: The Experimental
assumption is that you will College is a place and a
learn more effectively that space to become your own
which you want and need to teacher. You may create
learn if you have a degree and assume responsibility
of control over your learn- for your own course; all
e Experimental College you enough interest and flex-
have the right to partici- ibility in the course so
pate democratically in that others will choose
shape your education.Spec- A word about the Co-
ifically, you have a voice ordinator: He is not a
in determining those sub- teacher in any tradition-
jects which you learn, how alsense of that title.He
you learn them, with whom, is expected only to have
when, and where. sufficient background or
SECOND: The Experimental experience in the course
L L College seeks to create a he accepts to prepare a
SCOLL EGEbenign learning environ- stimulating syllabus and
ment. We believe that a relevant reading list.
learning is stultified His function once the
when authoritarian, over- course gets underway is
ly directive, or subtly to be a convener for the
coercive teaching methods group and a liaison with
8 are used.The Experimental the chairman of the ex-
College wishes to reverse ecutive committee. He
these methods. We seek to should consider himself
create a learning envir- an equal member of the
onment which generates group, allowing the par-
trust not fear, coopera- ticipants to structure
tion nor competition, and define the movement
and a freedom to talk of the course around
openly of one's own evident interests and
dreams and dreads. the given syllabus.Free-
THIRD: The Experimental dom of expression and
College is an experiment open dissent are to be
in how-to-learn. We be- cultivated earnestly.In
lieve that there has been essence, the Coordinator
an almost compulsive re- merely contracts to pro-
liance on books and lec- vide a loose substantive
tures in American educa- framework in which, or
tion. We affirm that we through which, he can
are, in some sense at facilitate creative self-
least, into McLuhan's teaching and group
electronic age.Therefore dialogue.
we hope to explore the
learning possibility of
film, photography,tapes,

courses
WAR MACHINE 372-6277
HISTORY OF RADICAL AMERICA Gaylon Currie 373-3965
CULTURAL HISTORY OF AMERICA
FOR FOREIGN STUDENTS Monica Shagrin 372-7257
ZEN Mark Friedman 372-7257
POSTERS AS PROPAGANDA J. Vierow 378-0612
FREE SCHOOL Mark Friedman 372-7257
COMPLEAT HUNTER Rick Stone 372-6167
CANDLEMAKING Barbara Eisenstadt 378-7119 A
SENSITIVITY GROUP Carol Butler 376-7670
Richard Haynes 378-8918
Mark Lefkowitz 378-8676
BICYCLING Larry Cohen 378-4873 / -
GUITAR Brian Goodheim 373-3723 S y
EXPRESSIVE MOVEMENT Susan Smith 378-4441 \
FOLK SINGERS UNITE Bo Rivers .392-2331 1 1
YOGA AND MEDITATION Karen 372-7883
BEATLES Mike Aiken 373-2630
MAGIC 123 Wonder Warlock 378-4441
HELPING THINGS TO GROW Anthony 378-4441
COLLEGE MATH
MADE BEAUTIFUL Dr. Stan Frank 376-2971
CREATIVE WRITING SEMINAR
(Poetry) Larry Waldenberg 372-7470 v-
GRAB BAG RAP SESSIONS Peri Ctonas 373-2220
TO GROW IS TO LIVE Kay Ernst 378-7950
SCIENCE FICTION Connie Penley 466-3520 piT -
CRAFTS Michelle Gatti 376-3184
CONTEMPORARY LIT. Miriam Greenfield 372-2889
NOTHING Bob Shackow 373-2630
16














-Pr' r _' -- >





___ __ __k Stuen Union __2. ___



D-a- ou1 ) ing 392-1665
.o. !kA IJ ) J -






















Suicide Prevention 376- '
FIN-























Vets for Peace POBox 12217 Univ StaBE
Gainesville Women for Equal Rights 378-6279
American Federation of Teachers POBox 12476 Univ Sta
BlAncu St c2 3bn i 3 92 -


Bail Bondswoman 378-2320 J 9 t
Gainesville Dens fund 373-2296 iI
The eye 372-757 3
Gainesville Liberation Movement 378-3156
Women's Liberation Movement PO6ox 13209 Univ Sta NO -NIPPLE LA W






Bail Bondsman 376-6645 or 372-8740
17







THE. MAN WHO 4HA EVEIVTHING
Cont'd. from page "But what's wrong with non-hostile sexuality, in
the very beginning which hit it, though?" he asked per- order to cure the alienation
a central nerve in him. sistently. "It does drain of women from men, young from
"I don't actually know off those feelings we're old, person from person.
what to say." I told him talking about, doesn't it?
"except that people really do And it's a way to handle "You may have a point,
seem to have a hard time them." he said. "But is efficiency
handling these two things, "A lousy way," I said. the main reason for not
or even admitting that they "When I want to make love letting sexual and hostile
exist in themselves or in I want to make love, and feelings get mixed up?"
others. But I've had to come when I want to be hostile I "No, there's another
to admit the power of both want to be hostile. I like reason," I said. "If you
impulses in myself. I'm a to keep my feelings un- get used to hostile sex, if
creature who is sexual, and mixed. It's more efficient you get used to mixing your
I'm also a creature who that way -- you can make feelings together like this,
isn't always sweet and nice love more effectively, you won't know any way to
and kind. I hate, sometimes; keeping your mind only to express love to somebody, if
I hate people and events that." you feel it. Your body
sometimes. And the question Isn't emotional work a won't know the right way to
is, how do you live with the human task, the sort of task express tenderness, because
sexual feelings and the we should all learn to do it will have had no practice."
hostile feelings. I don't well so that we can make a He sighed. After a
think any of us is really society that functions better while he asked, "Is there
taught how to think about than our present one? love?"
these feelings, how to The man I'd been talking "Yes," I said.
handle them or drain them "What is it like?" he
off," with was the troubled product asked.
He was thinking hard. of a society which has gone "I don't quite know," I
What we were talking about wrong, a society which changes said. "Nobody knows too
seemed to be getting to him, in laws and institutions won't well, yet. First we have to
meaning something to him. be enough to cure. get our feelings straightened
"Maybe," he said, "the thing te need a revolution in out."
to do is to express both the the human heart itself, a "But you really think
sexual and hostile feelings revolution in which men and there is love?" he persisted.
at the same time, sort of women both come to see the "Yes, I really do," I
drain them off together." equal necessity of all of us said.
'What!" I said, feeling doing emotional work, all of I was very tired and I
rather upset to hear him us learning to work for an took a pillow and rested
say this. "How do you understanding of one another, against it. In a while he
mean?" all of us learning tender said, "Don't you want to --
"Well --" he spoke very -" --------- come back -- talk some more?"
slowly, groping for words, S SUBSCRIBE to i "um, later," I said.
"I mean, why not express t His face looked suddenly
hostile feelings when you the I boyish. In a fit of mischief
make love?" P 0. 1 I lightly bopped him over the
"Lots of people do," I box head with my pillow. He
said. "And I think lots ofi 12855 s. burst into a grin, and we
people are confused about I l both laughed. I thought,
just this sort of thing -- I uiesvv ieta fl he's started on his work,
they get sexual and hostile gainesvile, f. his emotional work.
feelings all mixed up with I name........ .------------- ---- I Later on I thought,
each other. It makes me address....... l why do people think emo-
sad." tional work is woman's work
1 YEAR Dl$3 50 ** $25.00 FOREVER Iand that it's unmanly and
SrIunnecessary for men to do
--- ---- ------.--- --- it?










^ Adoo-
WAAH!








SreaK"q oot olInue and OpaImn Rrlor &t





QIS B Around {he Corner From 5afnta Fe J. C.








Great Food Feest last week.
on to good food. The foodpeople were so inferior that they
L e tte rs are trying to make everything weren't supposed to make it
into a co-op. If you have ideas -- we believed we were su-
or co perior and could make it --
for co-ops (mechanical, clothes, but we never did and we
barber, etc.) contact the blame ourselves. As white
Dear Eye, Barrister through the Great people who haven't made it,
Southern Leather Co. we are the living prodf of
A group of crafts- the American lie and we hate
men are working to ourselves for it.
fix up a shop to mar- WORKING CLASS SISTERS What can we do about all
ket their own crafts: this? As poor and working
pottery, macram5 cont'd. from page s class women, we can start
weaving, batiks, and the first remark to follow asking ourselves what is
jewelry, clothing, the stunned silence was "Why wrong with America and at=
prints, photographs, doesn't someone put her on the asking what is wrong with
ourselves. In a culture
paintings, etc. faculty?" r judged
Each member of the Yes, put me among the where women are often judged
group is an owner of educated middle class because by beauty alone, standards
the shop. They are you absolutely can't deal with of beauty do not fit us. We
designing it, build- a worker who thinks and has as oQrflsle, as we go to
ing it into what they ideas. After I mentioned work or wash dishes, we,
want it to be, and this I was told it was a in our daily lives, are never
the market will sell compliment, and that I should called beautiful. Black wo-
only their hand-made be grateful. Grateful that men have told themselves that
objects. they thought I was a good as they are beautiful in their
Membership in this them. At the same school I
venture is open to was once asked, "Are you the natural lives, and we must
quality craftsmen will- switchboard?" Naturally -- do the same for ourselves.
ing to give some time, since we are looked on as We must begin to see our-
energy, and just e- extensions of the machines we selves as beautiful in our
enough of the money to operate, not as human beings, ability to work, to endure,
keep the store running. What all this has done in our plain honest existence
Workshops are also is to create in us a deep, that is not and has never been
planned. deep sense of unworthiness, for us. We are not the women
378-3183 105 W Univ. a sense so deep it dooms us. in Vogue, Glamour or As The
I have a thirteen year old World Turns, nor should we
friend who is well on the way want to be. We are the women
to life either in prison or who have dealt with the truth
on heroin. We, as a people, and tragedies of real life,
have nothing that says to because we have never had the
him, "You shouldn't ruin option of the armchair-beau-
your life. You're a good, tiful-people existence. We
worth-while person." If or are the people who have no
when he does go to jail, maids or therapists to dump
there will be no Black Muslims our troubles on. We know what.
Dear Eye, to tell him he is a worthwhile it is to work hard and we are
Dear Eyeperson just because of what not guilty of wearing silks
On Tuesday Nov. 3, the he is. No one will be there while others wear rags.
next governor of Fla. will be to give him the respect and We should never admire the
elected. The candidates are support of an alternate women in Vogue, because there
Claude irkthe curreandidates are culture that respects what is something undeniably ugly
Claude Kirk,the current over- he is. That is what the about women who wear minks
nor, a Republican and his op- judgment of middle class while others can't afford
ponent, Reubin Askew, a Demo- America has done to us. shoes -- and no amount of $20
crat. an ounce makeup can hide that
There are many reasons to Why has this happened to an ounce makeup can hideess.
vote for Askew: Kirk is a us? It has happened because brand of ust iness
vicious enemy of labor unions, we believed in the American that other people have been
and refuses to recognize unions dream, in the dream that a.-t victims of this middle class
representing State employees, ong can be anything if he culture aping the rich. Black,
(at UF, he has attacked the only tries, works hard, and Puerto Rican, Mexican. Indian,
Service Employees Union as if he doesn't make it it's Chinese and Japanese people
"SDS-dominated"). only because something about have had their true history
Askew has said he will re- him is rotten. Since we don't concealed and their faces
cognize and bargain with un- have much to begin with, we scorned by TV and magazines.
ions of State Employees., are made to feel we don't We must see that those wh8
Kirk is the puppet of big deserve much. And we believe share the hardships we share
business in Fla. and has al- it-- even though the truth are not the white middle and
ways defended the interests of our lives tells us that upper classes, but the black
of the phosphate industry, the we have worked, and damned and brown people who work at
citrus growers, and other lard, but we still didn't our sided.
robber barons. have the kinds of lives we As white working class and
Kirk is supported by Rich- read about and saw on TV. poor people we must begin to
ard Nixon. And America has kept us be proud of ourselves, our
Kirk is the candidate re- out of magazines and off TV histories, and each other; we
presenting the most reaction* because our faces and voices must unite and support our-
ary elements of society. A are full of this truth. We selves as a people. Once we
tote for Askew is above all have hated black people, but respect ourselves, we will
else a vote against Kirk. we have hated ourselves more. find it necessary to s struggle
That alone is reason enough By believing black people with a society and wiBh jobs
to vote for Askew on Nov. 3. to be inferior, we have kept which tell us that we are
Staying home, boycotting the truth about ourselves from worthless. In that struggle
the election, will do no- each other -- that the people we will learn that the anger
thing, who have the power and money of blak and brown people
We have no illusions about in America never intend to which we feared for so long
Askew. But a slap in the face raise our incomes or those of has the same direction as our
for Kirk, Nixon, and big bus- black people, not because we anger that their enemies are
iness is certainly worth a aren't worthy, but because aner, s and their fiaht
short trip to the polls, it would cut into their pro- our enemies, and their fight
John Steel fits to do so. our fights












Waking

I wish I could have slept another winter
Warm under the blankets of books,
Poetry, and bull session sociology.
Watching the world go by
While sitting on a newspaper to avoid the damp.

But in the spring some friends were arrested for
YOU DON'T NEED Shouting the truth,
Some students were shot for hating war
And, dumbfounded, I knew that there was more
Than our teachers were telling

I wish I could have turned,
A WEATHERMAN And pulled the covers up,
But the gunshot, and the not too distant sound of chains
Interrupted my sleep.

Now, in summer, I walk the nights nervously -
We all do
Who have seen the plan they have hidden for us.
.TO KNOW And we wonder,
(Don't you wonder friend?)
What will fall
In the fall.
And we fear
WHICH WAY (Aren't you afraid?)
That if we sleep another winter,
We will freeze in the snow
Of those who would control
The weather.
...Ellen Liebesfeld
THE WIND BLOWS










QUEBEC OIS

There are a lot of bleeding hearts around who alist dissent in the country. A person arrested under jobs. English residents reside in houses or new apart-
just don't like to see people with helmets and guns. All the emergency powers can be held for at least seven ment buildings on the west'side of the city; French
I can say is go on and bleed.. It is more important days without bail. Anyone suspected of being a mem- Canadians and immigrants live on the east in tenements
to keep law and order in this society than to worry ber of the Front can be arrested without a warrant. and cramped duplex houses on the west.
about weak-kneed people. Most of the 250 persons arrested in the hours follow- The E ~ .sh who comprise 43.8% of the Canadi-
Thus spoke Pierre Trudeau, Canada's swashbuckl- ing the proclamation are being held for at least 90 days .an population, run all of Canada's biggest banks, most
ing, liberal prime minister as he announced the suspen- without hope for bail, and with no charges pending of the insurance and securities houses, and the coun-
sion of all civil liberties and declared a state of war in -against them. try's largest conglomerate, the Canadian Pacific. ThI
Canada. Canada's "war" is against the Front for the Li- The War measure has previously only been used French, who comprise 30.4% of the Canadian popula-
beration of Quebec (FLQ), and comes as a response to during World War I and II-never in a time of peace. tion, account for nearly all of Quebec's chronically un-
the kidnapping and subsequent death of Pierre LaPorte, Trudeau (flamboyant as ever, wearing a carnation), employed which usually averages near 15%.
the Labor Minister, and James Cross, the British Trade when presenting the proclamation to parliament, ap- The Front for the Liberation of Quebec is only
Commissioner in Montreal. pealed for support on the grounds that there was no one is a broad spectrum of organizations that support
Trudeau's proclamation and accompanying regu- other instrument available to help Quebec through its a separate French government in Quebec. A more mo-
lations set of massive police raids and let to the arrest crisis. derate separatist group, the Parti Quebecois, drew 24%
of over 250 members and supporters of the FLQ. The proclamation came eleven days after the of the vote in last spring's provincial elections. Over
Among those arrested were Robert Lemieux, the law- kidnapping of Cross by a cell group of the FLQ. Five the past year large and sometimes violent demonstra-
yer who had been representing the Front kidnappers in days later when the government had refused negoti- tions have been held in Montreal. Since 1963, the FLQ
negotiations with the Quebec government, Michael nations for his release, another cell group kidnapped has been credited with several armed rQbberies and in-
Chartrand, radical chairman of the Montreal Executive LaPorte. Members of the Front were demanding the termittent bombings-much on the style of the Tupa-
Committee of the Quebec-based Federation of Nation. release of 23 political prisoners (many of whom have maros in Uruguay.
al Trade Unions, and Charles Gagnon and Pierre Val- been jailed on sedition charges), safe passage for all The government has responded to the growth of
lieres, avowed members of the Front who were just re- prisoners and kidnappers to Cuba or Algeria, the pay- the separatist movement by outlawing demonstrations
cently released from prison following conviction on ment of $500,000 in gold, the rehiring of Montreal without official permission, a no-knock law in effect in
charges of sedition. postal-truck drivers who lost their jobs in a union post Quebec has allowed police to search and enter homes
The crackdown has concentrated on known radi- office dispute, and disclosure of an informer in a po- of left-wingers at will, and the sedition law has been
cals and persons sympathetic to the Front's'goals lice case involving the separatist group. used more and more frequently to harass and jail activ-
which include a socialist revolution and the separation The FLQ also released a statement at the time ists. The recent proclamation of a state of war emer-
of Quebec from British Canada. The arrests have been of the kidnapping affirming'their support and solidari- agency could mean the suspension of all political free-
chiefly aimed at labor leaders, journalists, professors, ty with other liberation movement: "With these kid- doms for at least six months. The law will apply to
left-wing students and others who have expressed any nappings the FLQ wants to underline its revolutionary members of the FLQ (no proof of membership is need-
kind of radical views. Among those detained have been solidarity with all countries who are fighting against ed), anyone who aids them, or communicates state-
two members of the Montreal City Council, one of economic, social and cultural holds of the Americans .ments ontheir behalf, i.e. lawyers. Those convicted will
whom is a printer, who are running on the ticket of the throughout the world-in other words, an uncondition- be subject to five years in prison and a $5000 fine
left.wingeopposition party, the Front d'Action Politique, al support to the revolutionary movements in Latin Somebody should crush Trudeau's white carna-
and a former Surete officer, reported to have been dis- America and Palestine-support for American Blacks tion.
charged from the force for trying to organize a union, and all the people of Africa and Asia who are working -sue thrasher
Although government officials have hinted that for their liberation."
the front has within its possession "enough dynamite Quebec separatists are based primarily in urban
to blow up the heart of Montreal" and has planned areas, particularly in Montreal and Quebec City. The
"selective assassination," it seems clear that the emer- English account for only one-sixth of Quebec's popula- reprinted from THE BIRD, Atlanta
agency measures taken are not simply to avoid further tion, yet earn more than the French and hold a dispro-
terrorism-but rather to stifle and suppress any nation1 portionately large nmrmberof middle- and/tigh.-salaried




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs