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Title: Eye
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Title: Eye
Uniform Title: Eye
Physical Description: Newspaper
Publication Date: September, 1970
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
Coordinates: 29.665245 x -82.336097 ( Place of Publication )
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
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        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text


Frantz Fanon

SEPTEMBER, 1970 number 1 10 DONATION

on vietnamization

The Nixon administration has been The philosophers tell us that
Marilyn Zweig talking about Vietnamization for a contradiction lies at the heart of
Marshall Jones couple of years now but I never un- all things, but some things, it
Ken Megill derstood what it meant until the must be admitted, are more contra-
Diane Hoch other day. I was having dinner in a dictory than others. As for Viet-
Bob & Connie neighborhood bar and watching TV namization, the more you think about
Charlie Rankin when the evening news came on. That it the more contradictory it
Steve Fahrer night it featured a story about a big becomes. Washington thinks it is
Delia Anderson base, Tay Ninh I believe, that the returning the war to the Vietnamese,
David Steel U.S. had turned over to the Thieu that it's their war. But the
Aaron Todd regime. According to the newscaster, truth is it's our war. We started
Helen Price this was one of the biggest and best it when we supported the French
a Hard-Hat equipped U.S. bases in Viet Nam. It attempt to recolonize the coun-
a Viet Nam Veteran was located near the Cambodian bor- try kept it alive, and es-
der and had served as the chief calated in into the showcase of
jumping-off point for the U.S. in- genocidal americana it is today.
OUR TELEPHONE # IS vasion of Cambodia. The american And when we come home, we'll
372-7597 plan was to withdraw from the border bring the war with us.
areas and turn over their defense to The war in Viet Nam is no
the "Vietnamese themselves," based civil war, it is a struggle by
at Tay Ninh. But the Vietnamization the Vietnamese people against
of Tay Ninh,turned out somewhat foreign invaders, first the
differently than expected. French and then the americans.
A contingent of Saigonese sol- We are not on the wrong side in
diers had been to Tay Ninh and gone Viet Nam, we are the wrong side.
before the camera crews got there. Thieu, Cao Ky, Lon Nol, Souvanna
It hadn't been a large contingent Phouma are on our side, not we
but already the base had changed, on theirs; and when we pull out,
The pipes had been disconnected they'll have no place to stand.
and hauled away; the electric wir- Nixon is attempting to win
ing had been pulled out; even the a war by proxy he couldn't win
tin on the roofs had been stripped with half a million men in the
off and carried to the black market, field. He imagines he can make
In short, the big base had been a civil war out of the most
picked clean and, now that it was, magnificent struggle for na-
the Saigon government had no fur- tional independence in human
their plans for it. According to history. The astonishing
the newscast, the Thieu govern- feature of all this is not that
ment had announced that it couldn't the U.S. proposes to fight by
wow! muster enough troops to man the proxy. All empires fight by
base. Meanwhile, the jungle was proxy, but it is a basic rule
returning to reclaim its own. of imperialist politics to use
It was then that I first foreign legionnaires Sene-
understood what Vietnamization galese in Europe, Gurkas in
really meant. And I couldn't help Senegal, and white lancers in
-but laugh when I read a few days India. Imperial troops are no-
later that Vietnamization was pro- toriously unreliable in their
dressing so well the U.S. was now own country. Only when they
turning over helicopter units to are isolated from their people
the Saigon regime. What a dilemma! and dehumanized can they be
Is it more in accord with the Nixon expected to serve the empire
S- doctrine to dismantle a machine and with regularity.
sell it piece by piece or fly it Against this background,
onto the black market and sell it the idea of using Vietnamese to
all at once? uphold the american empire in
Viet Nam is bizarre and some

Set+ &?V. 26$10

AI N L iLkD 326O-
8 ie4kS

00066Retv4 j



Marshall Jones

segments of the government in
washington seem to understand
that it is, hence the desper-
ation with which they press
for the use of foreign mer-
cenaries in Indochina.
Here at home, where the
terrain is more familiar, the *
empire does not make the mis-
take of using native troops to
suppress their own people.
The white world seems to under-
stand intuitively that black
cops should not be sent into
black neighborhoods. Big-
city police departments will
send black cops into white
areas and even let them arrest
people; on rare occasions they
will send integrated teams into
the ghetto. The one thing they
won't do is assign unaccom-
panied black cops to the black
areas, particularly if they
live there.
And the reasons are obvious.
Black cops will not enforce white s ~ ,
law in a black community where
they live. They will secure the
streets, stop the burglarizing and
the muggings, and bury the push-
ers, because that is what theZ
black community wants. But they
will not put the arm on political S
refugees or enforce the claims of
white landlords.
The pity of it is that so
many of the men,white cops, who
are being sent now to kill or die
in the ghetto are Viet Nam vet-
erans and, therefore, doubly
victimized by the system they
revere. But sooner or later some
politician is bound to hit on
on the ghetto as a cover for
white withdrawal and defeat.
Police stations, cop cars, all
sorts of things, will be turned
over to black cops. Maybe even
Hey! What do you suppose
you could get for helicoptersT d
on the black market? BON ji{ '5 iP

as preparation for
the understanding
of current issues

Frantz Fanon
TH-E SECO1, SDLEA; 9- -,40 jC
Simone de Beauvoir

St okely Carmichael
and Charles Hamilton

... and don't forget some- 1d29 W -0U leRl' AVE
one who was telling it like
it has become: Henry D. NJ--Tb 3E f "
Thoreau in WALDEN!
73- 8o00

HE AND I: IN A DONUT SHOP by Marilyn Zweig

He and I sat in an open-all-night donut shop I liked him a lot for
at one o'clock in the morning, and I could tell being willing to think
we were on the edge of a fight. We'd been on the hard with me about
edge of that same fight many times before, but this. He said, "I
I'd always hung back from letting it happen and guess it's because men
fallen into a fit of depression instead. But this are competitive with
time I decided to let it happen, because I was each other I guess
tired of the depressed feelings I frequently had when I'm sarcastic to
when I was with him. another man, when I
I asked, "Why do you so put him down, it's a
often say sarcastic things way of competing. And
to me, things which put when I'm with you -
me down?" well I accept you as
my equal. So of
I was referring, specifically, to a rather course I treat you the
ego-puncturing remark he'd made to me half an hour way I would treat a
ago, which had hurt my feelings and which had been man. Because you're
smouldering in my head ever since, so that I equal to me."
couldn't seem to get past it. I nearly fell into my coffee.
He was surprised. "Is that your idea of equality?
"Oh, I don't know. That when a man and a woman
That's just the way I are equals they are both like
talk." He tried to men? What an assumption!
change the subject. Aren't you being a little -
I felt discouraged. I wished he'd do some well presumptuous, thinking
emotional work.. It seemed as if every time some- that a man's way of treating
thing went wrong between us, I had to do all the another man whom he considers
emotional work, trying to figure out what was the an equal is the right model
matter, making hypotheses, trying to figure out for a man's way of treating a
the causes, woman whom he considers an
I decided to push the equal? And furthermore, what
matter. "I was feeling a strange idea of equality
really happy and comfor- anyway that it involves
table with you just an competing. My idea of your
hour ago," I said. "Things being equals with me is that
were really nice. And then we should be non-competitive
you started getting sar- with each other. Women don't
castic and putting me down. like to be competitive."
It seems like this happens He stared harder into
a lot every time I start his coffee. "But -
feeling comfortable with you, I always thought
something like this happens, that for somebody to
and I feel like running away be equal meant FOR
screaming. And then we're on THEM TO BE LIKE ME -
the outs with each other for I didn't suppose
a spell. It's a regular that being equals
pattern between us. And it meant I should become
almost started again, just now. like them. Once I
I wish we could figure it out." heard a woman say
He pondered. Finally that men should be-
he said, slowly, "I come more like
was feeling really com- women, and I thought
fortable with you this the idea was ridi-
evening, too. I was culous."
feeling more and more "Well," I said, "I guess I
relaxed. And when I think men should become more
feel that way with like women at least in the
somebody, I start sense of becoming less compe-
giving them little titive and more tender in their
digs, little put- relationships with others.
downs, sort of ... Non-competitive, tender com-
That's the way I panionship has traditionally
always do when I'm been a woman's value. To me,
with other men, when a man and a woman being equal
I start feeling com- involves a certain tender
fortable with them." concern on both their parts
"But I'm not a man," I said. for the needs of the other
"Why do you want to treat me person. And I think it would
like one? And furthermore, be good if men treated other
why should your feeling of men in this way too. I'd like
comfortableness with another to see less competitiveness
man express itself in this and more tenderness in all
particular way in the form human relationships."
of little digs, sarcasms, He said, "That would
put-downs?" mean a very different
He stared into his sort of society."
coffee, thinking hard. I said, "Yes. It would. And
Conrt. t 10


Double Standard: Men's Wages IN A GRE AT SOCIETY
Much Higher Than Women's
National Averages of Annual Wages. By Diane Hoch
for Full-time, Year-round Workers. 1968.*
d' When a female responds to a Florida Al-
ligator ad asking for part time help at $3
Men Women an hour, by calling the listed number, when she
$10,151 is told by a man that only managerial-execu-
Professional & Technical tive positions are open and then there is an
Workers (tbmkadesBoctors, embarrassing pause...she recoils. With a mini-
Lawyers, Saienoeiraftsmen, etc.) mum of perceptiveness she grasps the subtlety
of the discriminator. The man then helps her
-$10,340 better understand by smoothly, patronizingly,
Non.-Farm Managers, Officials chauvinistically offering her the added infor-
and Proprietors(Includes Office 5,635 ation: "However, if you can type, secretar-
Managers, Local, State and $5,635
Federal Government Officials; ial positions will soon be opening."
Business Owners, etc.) That female might be so bold as to point
out that she is not interested in a secretar-
Clerical Workers $7,351 ial position, she is interested in a manager-
(Includes Bookkeepers, File $4,789 ial position. Incorporated into her boldness
Clerks, Stenos, etc.) lis a naivete that her interests are, for one
second, going to be considered seriously.
The naivete is deadened with the first
Operatives $6,738 signs of the laugh growing in the throat of
(Mostly Factory Workers) $3,991 the man over the telephone. He is personnel
director of a large national firm with a branch
in Gainesville, he is author of the ad in the
Service Workers (Excludes Florida Alligator which nowhere stated that
Private Household Workers; Includes $6,058 only males need apply. He is in part responsi-
Beauty Operators,etc.) $3,332 ble for the hiring practices of a firm which
i O considers it part of "business ethics" to dis-
$8,549 criminate against women. He is part of the
SSale erformal hierarchy which prevents equal treat-
Saleswo-kers $3,461 ment, equal opportunity, which destroys inspir-
ation and initiative, monopolizes finer human
endeavors for men while delegating meaner
(Source: Wormene Bureau) Latestfigures availe duties/drudgery to women, which nutures arti-
ficial inequalities.

She, because of some compelling sense of
decency, has audaciously attempted to take
Wd matters into her own hands. She has attempted
to make a new start in her behalf; she has
d y c a r e conscientiously written the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission the exact details of
this situation, and they have ignored her.
Three people are involved, three responses
Several women in Gainesville are involved: the personnel director's amuse-
want to start a nearly-free 24- ment, the woman's confused expectancy, the com-
hour day care center for child- missioner's indifference. The two male admin-
ren of working mothers. We need istrators can walk away with their responses -
teachers, nurses, men and women walk away to high paying, prestigious jobs
to volunteer as aides. We need: and suffer no emotional conflict or damage.
beds, cots, tables, The female's response, the status inscribed up-
chairs, books, paper, on her, is not her owTm.
--art materials, linen, Her response will be extended. It may de-
towels, dishes, pots & velop into desperation, or rage, or a sense of
pans, easy chairs, hopelessness about this methodicla dehumaniza-
sleeping bags, scissors, tion. But she has just seen the beginning of
crayons, pens & pencils, its dimensions. In a capitalistic society,
little notebooks, toys, prestigious positions and economic wealth
boxes, paint, brushes, are inextricably interwoven with manhood.
rugs, brooms, wallboard, Closely allied is power power to control
blackboards, musical and direct other men, power to influence the
instruments! course of one's own life, and other lives.
But most of all we need MON1 Y The more lives one can influence, the greater
to rent a place, to pay full- the power. The ultimate power is the freedom
time salaries, to set things up to understand and alter one's life, to "make
and get going. a new start on one's behalf." It is this
Are you interested in freeing power, both individually and collectively,
young mothers? In the education which has been denied the female.
of small children? At bottom, America remains a slave
Phone Delia 373-2296 country which happens to have removed slave
or send your contribu- laws from its books. But what happenstance
tions % the EYE, POBox cannot prevent the nursing of the female's
12855, University Sta- hatred for the system which continues to op-
tion, Gainesville 32601. press and humiliate her.

when blacks and white workers
Editors' note the author unite in order to attain some
of this article has been Notes From A common goals.
a construction worker for More current, perhaps, has
15 years, and although he been the recent rise of the "hard-
is in sympathy with the hat", theoretically a grass roots
aims of the student "move- reaction to the rise of campus un-
ment", he has some criti- rest. (It should be noted here
cisms that he feels they A D H A T that, not untypically, the most
should consider. noteworthy "hard-hat" uprising in
Florida occurred last spring in
Te_____as___te_____nh Palm Beach when hundreds of
The past decade has seen the workers attacked police and state
rise of two significant groups, troopers and demolished a building
blacks and youth, in pursuit of that generally working people being built by non-union labor.)
revolutionary political and cul- recognize their true enemies; but What has caused such a large
tural goals. 'Both movements are highly suspicious, and rightly gap between the "hard-hat"t has caused such and a
have developed extensive attacks so, of many of those who claim to semi-political movement which
on some of our most oppressive be their true friends. claims to be working toward goals
social institutions (for example: claims======== to ====be working towar d goalsest?
racism, militarism and imperial- Racism, the curse of organized that are to s interest?
ism). However, one of the major labor, is endemic in blue collar It is easy to see why a move-
disappointments these movements workers and their unions, as in ment th problems of intellectual,
have suffered has been the fail- all other aspects of American life. of the problems of intellectuals,
ure to enlist the support of Properly orchestrated by manipu- students and youth is not attrac-
working people. Particularly lative politicians and unionive to working people (or for
disappointing has been the gen- leaders, it has served to keep it has been the ranks). of this samelly
eral reactionary response from white blue collar workers opposed it has been the ranks of this sa
blue collar workers, to the struggle for black liber- student-intellectual group that
How is it possible that so ation. The bleak history of black- has supplied the managers and mani-
many blue collar workers can iden- white working class relations has pulators who have directed the
tify more closely with their ex- often included black-white unity lives of working people. Whether
ploiters than with liberation when fighting to overcome common bureaucracy or industrial manage-
movements calling for economic economic oppression. Therefore, bureaucracy or industrial manage-
justice? Have working people it is not totally unrealistic to meant, these are the people with
really "sold out"? I would reply visualize a time in the futurewhom the workingmn must endlessly

Editor's note this is the first in a series of reprints from the booklet
entitled THE EARTH BELONGS TO THE PEOPLE, published by People's Press.

Ecology is about everything animal, vegetable and mineral that makes life possible. It
is about the fact that all these things depend on each other, and if one goes, all suffer just
like a house of cards.
Ecology is a matter of balance: the balance of life.



bel ongs




struggle to retain some economic pollutants inundating their working liiical perspective", these accu-
security and self respect. places, stations generally come from those
Workers are particularly sus- We see students working for people who have no experience what-
picious of student "radicals" who "change" in some of the world's soever with the situations working
can denounce the slaughter in Viet most remote lands; while, at the people face.
Nam, yet seem to be totally un- same time, most university and We are no different than the
aware of the thousands of deaths college campuses remain citadels other groups in this country that
and millions of injuries suffered of low wages and poor working con- are working towards freedom; it is
annually due to the treacherous editions. Although there have been merely that the circumstances of
working conditions in this country. efforts on many campuses across our oppression are not the same.
It is disconcerting to hear the country to end educational For students or "intellectuals" to
young people, who become livid wih racism and campus complicity with define that oppression, for us and
with rage at the sight of a beach the military, as yet there has determine our response to it would
fouled with oil, utter not a word been no serious effort to force be totally contrary to the idea of
in protest when thousands of ad- the universities to stop serving self determination and would not
ditional workers are killed or corporate needs as opposed to the satisfy the fundamental desire of
crippled annually by the toxic needs of working people, workers to control their own des-
(One example of academic sub- If workers are to take part in
servience is in the field of psy- the struggle to remold America
chology, where much time and effort (and certainly if they don't take
Sis spent developing techniques in part failure will result), they
\industrial psychology, which con- are the ones who must define their
centrates not on the psychology of own roles in that struggle. If
the industrialists but instead on we are to build a successful pro-
the psychology and productivity of gressive movement in this country
the industrial worker techniques (remembering that strong worker-
which are directed more toward the "intellectual" alliances have been
manipulation of human beings than formed in France and Italy in re-
toward their liberation. This ex- cent years), we must all recognize
ample is typical of a wide range that any exploitation or distruc-
of studies in the nation's col- tion of human beings be they
leges.) workers, students, blacks, Indians
Although there have been ac- or Vietnamese must be stopped.
cusations lately that workers have
"sold out" or that they "lack po-

Something is messing up the balance of life, and fectly reasonable, but that doesn't automatically
all of us are suffering. FOR 05 THIlSN I make it true. The ancients thought that the sun
Breathing city air is a cigarette death. Smog ERE~ 6 TOO went round the earth. That seemed reasonable
masks for city dwellers are only ten years away, M NY OF YOU to them. Only after they thought about it and
say the scientists. checked out a few facts, did the truth become
say the scientists.vending machines are selling apparent.
Twhiffs of oxygen instead of candy bare s. ANelling YO Complex problems rarely have simple answers.
Lowhiffs of oxyAngeles, 1970: schools are closed on A N YO If we pick apart the "population explosion"
Los Angeles, 1970: schools are closed on NLAKINCr TOO idea, it's clear that people are really talking
bad smgdas MA MO --" idea, it's clear that people are really talking
bad smog days. dMri k swr about two somewhat different things: the grow-
The rivers we drink are sewers. a idG---- ing population of the planet, and why people are
Ohio, 1969: the Cuyahoga River, a liquid rsUGH starving. We have to tackle these one at a time to
that oozes through industrial Ohio, bursts -a see if the world's "population problem" is really
into flame. a people problem.
The noise never ends: it drives people crazy, it Perhaps we are really the victims.
can injure babies before they are born.
Everywhere suburbs sprawl over the graves of To b .orna&ea..
Spray-planes drift over country fields, dusting
the plowed earth. The sprays kill beetles by the
millions and farm-workers by the hundreds; they
kill every one of us just a little bit every time we
eat or drink.
Drabness, discomfort, sickness it's no way
to live.
But why and how and who? They have
the answer ready!
President Nixon, Life Magazine, the New York __-..
Times, NBC, Standard Oil, all tell us the same
thing: there are too many people in America,.
and in the world. Overpopulation is the root
cause of pollution. Overpopulation is the reason.
people around the world-are starving. There are
too many people and not enough food. Too
many people wanting too many things. Too
many people making too much of a mess.
Pollution, they tell us, is merely the by-
product of a much greater threat, one that could
plunge mankind into chaos. They call this the
Population Explosion.
Are they right?
warn that we'll be jammed together like chick-
ens in a coop within a century. University
professors claim that a tremendous number of us
will starve to death before that can happen.
Everyone agrees that people themselves are the
problem. Too many people cause overcrowding;
too many people cause hunger.
Blaming peple for these troubles sounds per-

go to the courts and see

justice american style

is a Viet Nam veteran who BEGINNING THE 21st OF SEPTEMBER.
attended Ike Booth's trial
on July 1. Ike, 17, was
sentenced to 15 years at
hard labor for allegedly
taking $6 from a schoolmate
on the schoolbus.
The trial of Ike Booth once again brings
the farcical nature of american "justice" into
the clearest perspective. Taking into consid-
eration the attacks on the Black Panther Party,
the ominous brutality of the Chicago Conspir-
acy Trial, the recent official moves against
rock festivals, the unwarranted pursuit of H.
Rap Brown, and all the other contemporary in-
stances of tyranny, we wonder if there was
ever justice in america, or, if there was,
over what period of time did it disappear? Ap-
parently there never was justice in america
since the foundation of the country was built
on the extermination of Indians and the en-
slavement of Blacks. Ike Booth's recent trial,
then, is just another chapter in an old book -
'Justice American Style."
It isn't hard to figure out why Blacks are
treated harshly in american courts of law. Any-
one with the least imagination or the least
knowledge of history should at least have a sus-
picion of the answer. Subject populations have
always been kept down basically biy force.
There have been other methods of keeping them .
down social and religious sanction, for US PO
instance but even these other methods, these
sanctions, have been backed up by force. In
India, for example where religious and social
sanctions for social stratification have per-
haps been the strongest in the world the
Governing class has been the warrior caste
In any stratified society those on the
b: ttom don't stay there voluntarily; they have
to be kept there by the rulers and the rulers'
allies. This is the theme of all rebellious /
and revolutionary history. As long as the re-
pressive apparatus is adequate (i.e., having
enough strength to deal with social discontent),
social structure remains intact. If the re-
pressive apparatus becomes inadequate and can- .c< _
not be made adequate, the society is either
modified or overthrown. "-
Hence, trials like Ike Booth's. As social
discontent generates in the united states, the
courts in their role as oppressor of the unruly
(usually the economic bottom) elements of so-
ciety find it increasingly difficult to perform
their mission, which is two-fold: 1) the re-
moval of troublemakers for as long as possible
and 2) the intimidation of potential trouble-
makers. Until american society is either modi-
fied or overthrown, the courts will find their
position increasingly difficult as social con-
ditions degenerate in the united states.
Reactionaries will call upon the courts to
use a force they can no longer wield without W
public censure, while progressives will call /
upon the courts to change in a manner inconsis- '/
tent with their essential function of selective ///
social intimidation. This will be called the /
dilemma of "Justice American Style" for the P\
foreseeable future. The repressive role of the
courts will continue to be by far their most
important function since the whole court system
is a reactionary body.

a message from the


It has been growing increasingly clear in on the robbery charge, there was no money left
recent years that the Gainesville area has a in the Defense Fund. It was felt at that time
very low tolerance for political activism or that he was in extreme danger, being black, being
o cultural differences. It is difficult to name poor, being "political", being young, and having
one person who has been politically active or, for an attorney a public defender. If the
more recently, culturally different, who hasn't Defense Fund had had $300 a private attorney
been arrested, beaten, jailed or hounded out of would have been engaged for his defense; without
town. Consider: Joe Waller, jailed, forced question this would have changed the outcome of
to leave town; Levi Wilcox, jailed, forced to the trial. As it was, Ike Booth was convicted
q4 leave town; Carol Thomas, jailed, forced to of having taken or having threatened to take 36
leave town; Jack Dawkins, forced to leave town; from a fellow student on a schoolbus. For
Charles Fulwood, harassed, forced to leave this, circuit court judge Patten sentenced him
town; Ed Freeman, charged with "possession"; to 15 years at hard labor in a florida state
Jim Fine, charged with "violation of probation"; prison.
O Lavon Gentry, charged with "defacing school The Defense Fund needs your support. We
property"; Michael Canney, suspended from GHS must effectively counter political repression
for long hair, arrested for "possession" and in every way possible while there is still time.
.1 "sale", charges dropped for "lack of evidence"; Janice Harvey continues needing financial and
Nancy Hirsch, charged with perjury in the moral support. Ike Booth needs money for an
Janice Harvey case. Etc. Etc. Etc. appeal. Assistance is needed to make arrang3-
Last December, 17 year old Janice Harvey, ments for parents and other relatives of pri-
a former member of the black political organ- soners to visit their loved ones at least once a
ization JOMO, was sentenced to 5 years at hard month. Volunteers are needed for court obser-
labor in florida's prison for women for "aggra- ving and other related activities.
vated assault" (growing out of an incident in The Fund is presently being administered
Which she defended herself from attack from by Bob Canney and Delia Anderson. Your contri-
another woman). A home had to be found for her butions, questions, or requests may be sent
4 month old baby. Janice needed spending money to the Gainesville Defense Fund, P.O. Box 13209,
to ease the pain of being in prison and kept University Station, Gainesville. Or call
from her loved ones. She also needed a competent 373-2296.
lawyer who would appeal the politically-inspired,
racist conviction in her case. .1FR'LE POLITICAL PRISONE1RS
It became evident to many of us at this
S' time that something was going to have to be done STOP POLITICAL REPRESSION!
Sto counter this increasing political repression.
Out of this concern the Gainesville Political GIVE A DAMNI!
Defense Fund began to take shape. Requests were
o made at rallies for money to appeal Janice
Harvey's conviction.
Then it was discovered that 17 year old Ike L drl o C I LO Ne .?
Booth, also a former member of JOMO, had been in YOU -ee f
O the county jail for seven weeks on a charge of
"robbery", which had grown out of an incident on
a schoolbus in March, shortly after GHS had been
"integrated" at the expense (to the black com- >
4. munity) Qf Lincoln High School. When it was
realized that Janice Harvey's appeal was going
to cost more than people were going to be able
_) to contribute, it was decided with the approval
of JOMO that what had been collected, along
with what wis being collected, should go into the
bond which had to be posted to get Ike Booth out
of jail.
To complicate matters, some people from
W) Gainesville were arrested when police broke up
an anti-war rally in April in St. Petersburg.
A number of persons, mainly students, were active
.during the following days collecting money to
pay the bonds for those arrested. After some Canms- ArYum Yu Can J(.-
initial confusion, it was discovered that the
A Defense Fund had provided about 3500 for David
Liberman, $100 for Bob Canney and, finanny,
$400 for Ike Booth.
E On July 1, when Ike Booth went to trial m l
Siet. +a .Universify -ap.
1ndcraad e leaUherGood4 of all Kilnd

I^A^^ ^^^^o/^^~
S^ W lJQNg -^ .^[L .S ^ W^ \
|p A(^QQNfl&&s $3Ss


HE AND I cont.
who's been teaching me for "My wife's a lousy
months and years that we need food shopper, you know.
a different sort of society? She has no sense of
You can't just change laws and economy or menu plan-
institutions and automatically ning, and she just
get a different and better messes up the budget
society. You have to work on when she shops, and
the way people relate to each she brings home junk
other in everyday life. I anyway. So told her
should think you, of all anyway So I told her
people, would be the first I was going to take
person to want the kind of over the food shopping,
since I'm a much better
equality I've been talking since I'm a much better
about." shopper."
I felt uneasy again, and I thought, to me an
He said, cautiously, equalitarian relationship doesn't mean that one
"Yes... well... what person just decides to take over when the other
you speak of as equal- person is deficient in some skill or lives in a
ity that would mean style the other doesn't care for. I think equality
having to change one- involves helping the other person improve his or
self a lot... paying her skills, or at least giving the other person a
attention to all kinds chance to improve his or her skills without inter-
of little things one ference, rather than taking things out of the
says and does... that's other person's hands in such situations. And it
an awful lot to take means taking turns doing the maintenance chores.
on... a lot to ask." And it doesn't mean that the sexes reverse their
I said, "Yes. It is a lot present roles, but rather that they move beyond
to take on, a lot to ask. stereotyped sex roles altogether and try to per-
But all the same, it's mit each other full expression of the full range
what I want from you, of human characteristics, which men and women both
And it's what I want to have in common. (I mean, we are all, men and
see in our whole society." women both, emotional, tender, sensitive, empathic,
dependent; intelligent, creative, self-assertive,
Later on I thought some more about other aggressive, inventive, capable of leadership,
ideas people have expressed to me about what independent; lazy, ignorant, silly, self-pitying,
they think equality between men and women is. and what have you.)
For example, another man recently told me that
he believed in equality and was trying to build
an equalitarian relationship with his wife.
"Women shouldn't have
to do all the work in
the home," this man
said. "The husband
and the wife both Leary Escapes
share in the benefits
of the home, so the
husband should help
out in the household I know of no more encouraging fact than the unquestionable
chores. I myself do ability of man to elevate his life by a conscious endeavor.
a lot at home."
I thought that was nice, But man's capacities have never been measured; nor are we to judge
and said so.
of :hat he c,'n do by any precedents, 3o little has been trio.
He went on, "I de-
cided my wife
shouldn't have to
stay in the kitchen,
so I've taken over t !
the kitchen. I cook rotc BURNS "'
and wash dishes and
do all the food shop-
ping. My wife is a
little uneasy about
this, though. It's
taking her a while to
get used to equality."
As I was thinking about
this he went on to say: s| S

420 N. W. 13th ST. 378-8045 ___

On Friday, May 6,1970,no classes we- To a standing ovation,he walked to
re held on the campus of the Universi- the stage of Bobby Seale Hall and ann-
ty of Florida. ounced:"This is Zoology 201. It is cl-
Class had been effectively and widely ear that there are more important thi-
disrupted for three days before they ngs to talk about today." The audience
were finally called of by the adminis- cheered and the microphone was turned
ration. During mid-term exam week, the over to a long discussion of the war,
"normal" activities of the university the university,and what should happen
were brought to a halt and throughout next.
the university there was a lively and In the next few hours,one could exp-
sustained discussion about the world in erience what it would be like to have
which we live and the proper function a real university in which discussion
of the university in this world. .- --,w and analysis of the world situation
The national events which led up to would be an important part of our
the strike on the campus are well known, a lives.
but it is perhaps well for us to remem- A group of faculty (mostly members of
her exactly what occurred during the t the American Federation of Teachers)
first week of May and what lessons mi- i established a command post in Little
ght be learned for the future. Hall and determined to keep the police
away if at all possible. After somene-
THE STRIKE CALL gotiating,the officials in charge of
HE BSTRIE tlhe prog exam decided to cancel the
On Monday evening,May 4,a small group exm and it seemed as if everything
of students known as the Vets for Peace was i order
met in the Ratskeller and decided to The next shock came when it was made
call for a strike to protest the inva- known that O'Connell had sent an order
sion of Cambodia and the murder of four for the prog test to be held at seven
Kent State students. Those who called o'clock in Walker Auditorium. It was
the strike had little experience in ra- clear to anyone present that no one we.
idical politics and there were only a uld be taking an exam at seven o'clock
dozen or two people who planned to clo- in that building but O'Connell seemed
se a campus of 20,000 students the next d "danait.
morning. It wae s not until after a long confe-
The radicals, on the other hand, had rence with the student body president
decided that the best they could do wo- land after considerable pressure from
uld be to call a rally for later in the many people had been exerted on him,
week and that a strike call would befu- that O'Conncll agreed to cancel all
tile. A group of faculty members met ea- classes for tihe rest of the week,beging
rly Tuesday morning and decided that at seveno'clock that evening.
the best they could do would be to try The only catch was that he insisted
to get a resolution before a faculty that Walker Auditorium had to be clea-
meeting which was going to be held two rod by seven.
weeks later. Shortly Ifter 5:30,O'Connell himself
appeared in Bobby Seale Hall and thre-
INSTANT RALLY CITtcned to use force to clear the buil-
INSTANT RALLY TIGT TIT I ding. The decisive discussion began as
to whether oa not tiae "compromise" wo-

Picketting by the Vets began early Upon reaching Tigert it was decided a id be accepted. The university hadbe-
Tuesday morning, but with little suc- to return thlt evening for a rally ,nd on shut down,wl.ich was the chief aim,
cess. By noon they were completely fru- sleep in on Tigert lawn. Taking shape but it was a so clear that O'Connell
strated and gathered on the Plaza to ta- around seven that night,the crowd grew had steadily retreated throughout the
ik with the handful of people who were and began to set tup tents iand seeping week il the face of tile student prot-
there. An amazing thing began to happ- gear,with some moving to thei dorms to est.
en. Even though there was no microphone announce tile action and some remain ning
within thirty minutes the crowd had gr- to talk,listen to speeches ,,d in gen- CHARGE ANYWAY
own to several hundred. One part of the cral reaching out to others int aa ,itt-
crowd split off and marched through bu- em"pt to comprehend what was Ii.appening. After several speechesa consensus
ildings chanting"STRIKE! STRIKE!" and nine-thirty themerged ta victory should be declar-
returned a short time later with twice At nine-thirty those who hiad left ad thbuilding should be evcua-
as many people. returned from the dorm areas with an- ed and the building should be cvacuat-
By early that afternoon, several th- other four thousand people and the cr- d. Short bfort seven o clockthebh-
ings had become apparent. People were owd began to fill the street joining studying toward Tiger t Hall. At of the bu-last
angry about the national and internat- the others to express their hatred of aiding toward Tigerp Hlll. At the last
et n o b o d isb n d withi'* i r mos t n r eturint g t ~h o mu e l t thu thernpue poli ce were se1 nt ch-
ional situation and wanted to "do som- the war and their sorrow at the murder Irglae touh cai the studenst wreet st-
thing". From that point on, until Thu- of their fellow students. gin towar the t studentsbut where st-
rsday evening, the number of students Once again without loudspeaker equ- stood by li ne of faculty peoplare tingho
involved continued to increase as they pment,speechs were few and groups of stood between them n the deparnt voun
moved from action to action and began ten to fifteen were formed continuing studlltsh. A I but one student volunwas tarried
to learn how difficult it is for "som- the pattern set by those already there. ri~y left the hfill;ad she was carried
to learn o de Around midnight the rally more or ie out by the faculty members.
thing to be done. ss disbanded with most returning home Although there was a candle-light ma-
and about six hundred remains to spend rch through campus and the streets of
"MEMORIAL DAY" the night in the newly formed tent Gainesville Thursday night attended by
city. perhaps 8,000 students from the unive-
The administration,instead of inter- rsi ty,Sinte Fe Junior College, and area
fering with the students who were dis- BOBBY SEALE HALL high schools,everything that happened
rupting classes,responded by announcing after Bobby Seale Hall was an anti-cl-
that they were calling for the next dy On Thursday,the strike continued.Dur- iAatx.
to be a "memorial day" for the four Ke- ing the night a hurridly formed and la- An attempt to keep the strike going
nt State students. rgely ineffective strike committee had on Monday failed. Marches into the co-
The largest political gathering mine met to formulate demands. The demands immunity were held. Acts of sabatogue
history of the University of Florida, were aimed at the university and asked against the university facilities were
history of the University of Florida, that ROTC be thrown off campus,that the rumored. Several dozen people went on
until the events of the nxt d t campus police be disarmed and that tha two week hunger strike until the st-
place evnts of the nxdato campus police be disarmed and that the rike demands were "discussed". But tht
A small orchestra played,a preacher pr- met fact of thousands of students moving
ayedand the president of the univers- .from talking to marching to occupying
itayedand the president sign of the unigers At a rally Thursday afternoon, one their own territory remachinedg to occupying
ity spoke. The first sign of the anger ti w through the do- ther on tory remained as the es-
and frustration felt by the students sential accomplishment of the strike.
came when O'Connell announced that he rms again. Another group,however took
had agreed to sign an anti-war petiti- the next logical step and set off to so-
on,"with revedisions". As the crowd cry- ize a building. Walker Auditorium was SOME CONCLUSIONS
ed I"WHAT REVSIONSand-WHY" the refused selected to be liberated and several
o tell whaT thVose reviandsions were. As hundred people ovd people moved nto the large, The may strike showed that the admi-
the demands to know became louder he air-conditioned room. nistrators appointed to keep peace on
revealed that in addition to the dema- The choice of Walker seemed strange the campus fully realize that theirre-
nd for the immediate withdrawal of all at first,but the logic became clear wh- al power lies in their ability to use
troops from Vietnam he would place the en it was revealed that a hated prog campus police,state police,national
words "Consistent with the safety of test scheduled for that evening. The guard and whatever else is necessary to
American Troops" and interests. Having perfect symbol of an absurd university maintain "law and order" on campus.The
made the petition acceptable even to s was thus chosen and the students began violent people were shown to be those
Richard Nixon,the president was jeered to settle in for a long stay, fortifiied in authority,who well understand what
by the crowd.with repeated cries of with large barrels of Kool-Aid and san- their real source of authority is on
"STRIKE! STRIKE!"and"ON STRIKE SHUT IT dwich supplies. this campus.
DOWN". The liberation of Walker Auditorium Only the good sense of the students
After the "official" program planned came at two o'clock on Thursday after- and the courage of a handful of facul-
by the administration, a crowd of at noon. Shortly after the students arri- ty members who sided with the students
least two thousand stayed on the plaza ved,a large group of campus police do- prevented a real disaster on this cam-
and began to discuss what might be done nned their brand-new riot gear and be- pus.
to protest the war and the murders. It gan to get ready for their charge. A The strike also showed that some ki-
was apparent that something more would group of teachers and the student body nd of radical analysis is widely acce-
happen when Mitch Dasher,the head of president were able to stop the police pted,cven on this white,middle-class
the Black Student Union, brought the from charging until they could talk wi- camp We seemed to have reached the
crowd to their feet in the most moving th "whoever made the decisions". A ca- point where it is not necessary to "ra-
speech of the entire week. 11 over the walkie-talkie brought the dicalize" students at the university,
reply that O'Connell was waiting in for they come out of high school with
MARCHING Fort Tigert to see them. a profound sense of alienation from the
Tigert Hall had been locked since Tw- institutions and a willingness to act
As the speeches continued, it became sday and the small delegation was all- to create a new kind of world.
obvious that talking was not sufficient owed into the command center only after The spontaneity of the strike showed
to express the anger of the people on careful checking. In the quiet of the that no radical group or groups exist
the plaza. After an extended period of Presidentts office,the administrators who could do more than offer support
bickering,the crowd began to move to appointed to keep order in the univer- to what was a genuine mass movement.
the ROTC drill field in order to prev- sity were all gathered to decide what The failure of any radical group to be
ent the drill scheduled for that after- to do with the unruly students. prepared for what happened,led to the
noon. At last it seemed that they were It quickly became evident that those necessary demise of the strike as soon
"doing something". in charge had little conception of that as the "normal" acts of talking,march-
The march was a happy one as everyone was happening. The general opinion se- ing and occupying had been gone through.
was exhilarated with the prospect of a emed to be that there was a handful of
possible confrontation. The march pas- radicals (many of whom were "outsiders WHAT IS TO BE DONE?
here for the action)who had little su-
sed a tense ROTC Building and moved port among the sensible students. The May Strike was a turning point
out into the open field. By that time, O'Connell made it clear that a Zool- for thousands of st udents and some fa-
it was clear that the drill had alrea- ogy class scheduled for 2:30 would ha- fouty atr thousands of students and some fa-
dy been cancelled and the crowd sat do- ye to be held and that the auditorium cult at the University of Florida.
wn to decide what to do next. would be cleared by any means necessary For the first timcan be it was shown that a
After a few more speeches, it became He indicated that if the students did cass muve et can be nob is d on this
evident that a crowd in the middle of not leave immediately the Governor wo- campus. The Problem now is to channel
a pasture could do little,so it wasde- uld act and the matter would be "out and organize the forces which were re-
cided to march to the ROTC building, of my hands." leased in the spring and to build the
As there were too many people to fit After some discussion compromise basis for a movement which can bring
on the lawn and the building was secu- was reached. The students could remain real pker to ihe people who lirsity--- th e andworker
red by a large number of police,thema- and those in the delegation would try the students and the faculty. The May
Srched to Tigert where the "real power" to see that the class would be held ,in Strike wans only the first wave in the
was. some way or the other. buildina of th a imovement.
By late Wednesday afternoon thousan- When the delegation returned to Bdtby building of such a movement.
ds of students had participated,not in Seale Hall (the new name given to Wal- eil
one but in three,marches. In the proc- ker Auditorium) it was obvious that a Ken Megll
ess they learned that marching does li- long occupation was in order. When it
title good except to the marchers and was explained to the young teacher of
came to a collective understanding th- the zoology class that O'Connell was
at the real power on this campus lies ready to send in the police to clear
in Tigert Hall,where the appointed ad- out the students unless his class cou-
ministrators had locked themselves into ld be held,he quickly decided to turn
their own building, the class into a discussion of the war.


AGE: 57, born January 9, 1913, Yorba Linda, Calif.'
HEIGHT: 5' 11-"
WEIGHT: 170 pounds ~ 'I\^S.

Washington, D.C.

L 9
HEIGHT:5 &11W' WE;St

M l
Washington, D.C.", ,

i-O AA .

///1 R ,

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