Group Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives. 86th - 110th session
Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Journal of the Florida House of Representatives
Physical Description: 20p. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Legislature. -- House of Representatives
Publisher: Florida. Legislature. House of Representatives.
State of Florida
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Publication Date: November 18, 1986
Copyright Date: 1984
Frequency: annual
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Electronic reproduction of copy from George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida also available.
General Note: Description from: 1984.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027836
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 12895215
alephbibnum - 003417946
electronic_aleph - 003317845
electronic_oclc - 60745909
 Related Items
Preceded by: Journal of the House of Representatives of the session of ...

Full Text

of the


House of Representatives

Organization Session

November 18, 1986

of the

Seventy-third House

since Statehood in 1845


[Democrats in Roman (75); Republicans in Italic (45)]



1. Part of Escambia
Thomas J. "Tom" Tobiassen, Cantonment
2. Part of Escambia
Virginia "Ginger" Bass, Pensacola
3. Parts of Escambia, Santa Rosa
Tom Banjanin, Pensacola
4. Parts of Escambia, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa
Bolley L. "Bo" Johnson, Milton
5. Parts of Okaloosa, Walton
Robert T. Harden, Shalimar
6. Part of Bay
Ronald Clyde "Ron" Johnson, Panama City
7. Holmes, Washington and parts of Bay, Jack-
son, Walton
Sam Mitchell, Vernon
8. Calhoun, Gadsden, Gulf and parts of Bay,
Franklin, Jackson
Robert DeWitt "Rob" Trammell, Marianna
9. Liberty and parts of Franklin, Leon, Wakulla
Alfred J. "Al" Lawson, Jr., Tallahassee
10. Part of Leon
Hurley W. Rudd, Tallahassee
11. Dixie, Gilchrist, Jefferson, Lafayette, Levy,
Taylor and parts of Citrus, Marion, Wakulla
Gene Hodges, Cedar Key
12. Columbia, Hamilton, Madison, Suwannee
Joseph R. "Randy" Mackey, Jr., Lake City
13. Baker, Nassau, Union and parts of Bradford,
George A. Crady, Yulee
14. Part of Duval
Carl Ogden, Jacksonville
15. Part of Duval
Michael E. "Mike" Langton, Jacksonville
16. Part of Duval
Donald George "Don" Gaffney, Jacksonville
17. Part of Duval
Corrine Brown, Jacksonville
18. Part of Duval
James E. "Jim" King, Jr., Jacksonville
19. Parts of Duval, St. Johns
William G. "Bill" Bankhead, Jacksonville

20. Part of Duval
David W. Troxler, Jacksonville
21. Clay and parts of Bradford, St. Johns
Frances L. "Chance" Irvine, Orange Park
22. Fligler and parts of Putnam, St. Johns
Hamilton D. Upchurch, St. Augustine
23. Parts of Alachua, Putnam
Sidney "Sid" Martin, Hawthorne
24. Part of Alachua
Jon Mills, Gainesville
25. Part of Marion
Christian "Chris" Meffert, Ocala
26. Parts of Citrus, Marion
Dick Locke, Inverness
27. Parts of Lake, Marion, Putnam, Seminole,
Stan Bainter, Tavares
28. Part of Volusia
Samuel P. Bell, III, Ormond Beach
29. Part of Volusia
T. K. Wetherell, Daytona Beach
30. Part of Volusia
Jack Ascherl, New Smyrna Beach
31. Part of Brevard
Winston W. "Bud" Gardner, Jr., Titusville
32. Part of Brevard
Dixie N. Sansom, Satellite Beach
33. Part of Brevard
Harry C. Goode, Jr., Melbourne
34. Parts of Brevard, Orange, Seminole
Frank Stone, Casselberry
35. Part of Seminole
Arthur E. "Art" Grindle, Altamonte Springs
36. Parts of Orange, Seminole
Thomas B. "Tom" Drage, Jr., Winter Park
37. Part of Orange
Richard "Rich" Crotty, Orlando
38. Part of Orange
Bruce McEwan, Orlando
39. Part of Orange
Fran Carlton, Orlando

40. Part of Orange
Alzo J. Reddick, Orlando
41. Part of Orange
Daniel Webster, Orlando
42. Parts of Osceola, Polk
C. Fred Jones, Auburndale
43. Part of Polk
Richard E. "Rick" Dantzler, Winter Haven
44. Part of Polk
Charles T. Canady, Lakeland
45. Part of Polk
Beverly B. Burnsed, Lakeland
46. Parts of Lake, Sumter
Everett A. Kelly, Tavares
47. Hernando and parts of Pasco, Sumter
Charles R. "Chuck" Smith, Brooksville
48. Part of Pasco
John Long, Land O'Lakes
49. Part of Pasco
John K. Renke, II, New Port Richey
50. Parts of Pasco, Pinellas
Peter M. "Pete" Dunbar, Crystal Beach
51. Part of Pinellas
Gerald S. "Jerry" Rehm, Clearwater
52. Part of Pinellas
Sandra Barringer Mortham, Largo
53. Part of Pinellas
Dennis L. Jones, Treasure Island
54. Part of Pinellas
Dorothy Eaton Sample, St. Petersburg
55. Part of Pinellas
Douglas L. "Doug" Jamerson, St. Petersburg
56. Part of Pinellas
Peter Rudy Wallace, St. Petersburg
57. Part of Pinellas
James Christopher "Jim" Frishe, Pinellas Park
58. Part of Pinellas
T. M. "Tom" Woodruff, St. Petersburg
59. Part of Hillsborough
Brian P. Rush, Tampa
60. Part of Hillsborough
Mary Figg, Lutz
61. Parts of Hillsborough, Pasco
Carl Carpenter, Jr., Plant City
62. Part of Hillsborough
S. L. "Spud" Clements, Jr., Brandon

63. Part of Hillsborough
James T. "Jim" Hargrett, Jr., Tampa
64. Part of Hillsborough
Helen Gordon Davis, Tampa
65. Part of Hillsborough
Elvin L. Martinez, Tampa
66. Part of Hillsborough
Ronald Carl "Ron" Glickman, Tampa
67. Hardee and part of Manatee
J. J. "Toby" Holland, Jr., Palmetto
68. Part of Manatee
Peggy Simone, Bradenton
69. Parts of Manatee, Sarasota
Harry Jennings, Sarasota
70. Part of Sarasota
James M. Lombard, Osprey
71. Parts of Charlotte, Sarasota
David L. "Dave" Thomas, Englewood
72. Parts of Charlotte, DeSoto, Lee
Vernon Peeples, Punta Gorda
73. Part of Lee
J. Keith Arnold, Fort Myers
74. Part of Lee
Timothy F. "Tim" Ireland, Cape Coral

75. Parts of Collier, Lee
Mary Ellen Hawkins, Naples
76. Glades, Hendry, Highlands and parts of Col-
lier, DeSoto, Okeechobee
Bert J. Harris, Jr., Lake Placid
77. Parts of Brevard, Indian River, Okeechobee,
Osceola, St. Lucie
Irlo "Bud" Bronson, Jr., Kissimmee
78. Parts of Brevard, Indian River, St. Lucie
R. Dale Patchett, Vero Beach
79. Parts of Martin, St. Lucie
Charles L. "Chuck" Nergard, Port St. Lucie
80. Parts of Martin, Palm Beach
James C. "Jim" Hill, Jr., Jupiter
81. Part of Palm Beach
Marian V. Lewis, North Palm Beach
82. Part of Palm Beach
Ray Liberti, West Palm Beach
83. Part of Palm Beach
Lois J. Frankel, West Palm Beach
84. Part of Palm Beach
Edward J. "Ed" Healey, West Palm Beach

85. Part of Palm Beach
Frank S. Messersmith, Lake Worth
86. Part of Palm Beach
Steve Press, Delray Beach
87. Parts of Broward, Palm Beach
Carol G. Hanson, Boca Raton
88. Part of Broward
Jack N. Tobin, Margate
89. Part of Broward
Joe Titone, Coral Springs
90. Part of Broward
Peter R. Deutsch, Tamarac
91. Part of Broward
Bill Clark, Lauderdale Lakes
92. Part of Broward
Robert J. "Bob" Shelley, Pompano Beach
93. Part of Broward
Deborah P. "Debby" Sanderson,
Fort Lauderdale
94. Part of Broward
Tom Gustafson, Fort Lauderdale
95. Part of Broward
Anne Mackenzie, Fort Lauderdale
96. Part of Broward
Norman "Norm" Ostrau, Plantation
97. Part of Broward
Frederick "Fred" Lippman, Hollywood
98. Part of Broward
Irma S. Rochlin, Hallandale
99. Part of Broward
Walter C. "Walt" Young, Pembroke Pines
100. Parts of Broward, Dade
Ronald A. "Ron" Silver, North Miami Beach
101. Part of Dade
Michael I. "Mike" Abrams, North Miami
102. Part of Dade
Elaine Gordon, North Miami

103. Part of Dade
Michael Friedman, Miami Beach
104. Part of Dade
Elaine Bloom, Miami Beach
105. Part of Dade
Alberto "Al" Gutman, Miami
106. Part of Dade
Jefferson "Jeff' Reaves, Sr., Miami
107. Part of Dade
James C. "Jim" Burke, Miami
108. Part of Dade
Willie Logan, Jr., Opa Locka
109. Part of Dade
Rodolfo "Rudy" Garcia, Jr., Hialeah
110. Part of Dade
Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Miami
111. Part of Dade
Roberto Casas, Hialeah
112. Part of Dade
Arnhilda B. Gonzalez-Quevedo, Coral Gables
113. Part of Dade
Luis C. Morse, Miami
114. Part of Dade
Elizabeth "Betty" Metcalf, Coral Gables
115. Part of Dade
Javier D. Souto, Miami
116. Part of Dade
Art Simon, Miami
117. Part of Dade
Susan Guber, Miami
118. Part of Dade
Robert J. "Bob" Starks, Homestead
119. Part of Dade
John F. Cosgrove, Miami
120. Monroe and part of Dade
Ron Saunders, Key West


Speaker--Jon Mills

Speaker pro tempore-James C. Burke

Clerk--John B. Phelps

Sergeant at Arms-Wayne Westmark

The Jounal OF THE

House of Representatives

Tuesday, November 18, 1986

Journal of the House of Representatives for the Organization Session of the Seventy-third House since Statehood
in 1845, convened under the Constitution, begun and held at the Capitol in the City of Tallahassee, in the State of
Florida, on Tuesday, November 18, 1986, being the day fixed by the Constitution for the purpose.

Under Rule 3.1, Dr. Allen Morris, Clerk of the preceding session,
delegated the duties of temporary presiding officer to the Honorable
James Harold Thompson, retiring Speaker. Mr. Thompson called the
House to order at 10:00 a.m.
The following certified list of Members elected to the House of
Representatives was received:

State of Florida

Department of State

I, GEORGE FIRESTONE, Secretary of State of the State of Florida,
do hereby certify that the following members of the House of
Representatives were elected at the General Election held on the 4th
day of November, A. D., 1986, as shown by the election returns on file
in this office:

1-Tom Tobiassen, Cantonment
2-Virginia Bass, Pensacola
3-Tom Banjanin, Pensacola
4-Bolley "Bo" Johnson, Milton
5-Robert Harden, Shalimar
6-Ron Johnson, Panama City
7-Sam Mitchell, Vernon
8-Robert Trammell, Marianna
9-Alfred (Al) Lawson, Jr., Tallahassee
10-Hurley W. Rudd, Tallahassee
11-Gene Hodges, Cedar Key
12-Randy Mackey, Lake City
13-George Crady, Yulee
14-Carl Ogden, Jacksonville
15-Mike Langton, Jacksonville
16-Don Gaffney, Jacksonville
17-Corrine Brown, Jacksonville
18-Jim King, Jacksonville
19-William G. "Bill" Bankhead, Jacksonville
20-David Troxler, Jacksonville
21-Chance Irvine, Orange Park
22-Hamilton D. Upchurch, St. Augustine
23-Sidney Martin, Hawthorne
24-Jon Mills, Gainesville
25-Christian "Chris" Meffert, Ocala
26-Dick Locke, Inverness
27-Stan Bainter, Mt. Dora
28-Samuel P. Bell III, Daytona Beach
29-T. K. Wetherell, Daytona Beach
30-Jack Ascherl, New Smyrna Beach
31-Winston W. "Bud" Gardner, Titusville

32-Dixie Sansom, Satellite Beach
33-Harry C. Goode, Jr., Melbourne
34-Frank Stone, Casselberry
35-Art Grindle, Altamonte Springs
36-Thomas B. Drage, Jr., Orlando
37-Richard T. Crotty, Orlando
38-Bruce McEwan, Orlando
39-Fran Carlton, Orlando
40-Alzo J. Reddick, Orlando
41-Daniel Webster, Orlando
42-Fred Jones, Auburndale
43-Rick Dantzler, Winter Haven
44-Charles T. Canady, Lakeland
45-Beverly B. Burnsed, Lakeland
46-Everett A. Kelly, Tavares
47-Charles R. "Chuck" Smith, Brooksville
48-John Long, Land O'Lakes
49-John K. Renke, New Port Richey
50-Peter M. Dunbar, Dunedin
51-Gerald S. (Jerry) Rehm, Clearwater
52-Sandra Barringer Mortham, Largo
53-Dennis L. Jones, Treasure Island
54-Dorothy Eaton Sample, St. Petersburg
55-Doug "Tim" Jamerson, St. Petersburg
56-Peter Rudy Wallace, St. Petersburg
57-Jim Frishe, North Pinellas Park
58-T. M. "Tom" Woodruff, St. Petersburg
59-Brian Rush, Tampa
60-Mary Figg, Temple Terrace
61-Carl Carpenter, Jr., Plant City
62-S. L. "Spud" Clements, Brandon
63--James T. (Jim) Hargrett, Jr., Tampa
64-Helen Gordon Davis, Tampa
65-Elvin L. Martinez, Tampa
66-Ron Glickman, Tampa
67-J. J. "Toby" Holland, Palmetto
68-Peggy Simone, Bradenton
69-Harry Jennings, Sarasota
70-James M. Lombard, Osprey
71-David L. (Dr. Dave) Thomas, Englewood
72-Vernon Peeples, Punta Gorda
73-J. Keith Arnold, Ft. Myers
74-Tim Ireland, Cape Coral
75-Mary Ellen Hawkins, Naples
76-Bert J. Harris, Jr., Lake Placid
77-Irlo (Bud) Bronson, Jr., Kissimmee
78-R. Dale Patchett, Vero Beach
79-Charles (Chuck) Nergard, Port St. Lucie
80-James C. Hill, Jr., Hobe Sound
81-Marian V. Lewis, North Palm Beach
82-Ray Liberti, West Palm Beach
83-Lois Frankel, West Palm Beach
84-Ed Healey, West Palm Beach



85-Frank S. Messersmith, Lake Worth
86-Steve Press, Delray Beach
87-Carol Hanson, Boca Raton
88--Jack N. Tobin, Margate
89-Joe Titone, Coral Springs
90-Peter Deutsch, Plantation
91-Bill Clark, Lauderdale Lakes
92-Robert J. "Bob" Shelley, Pompano Beach
93-Debby P. Sanderson, Ft. Lauderdale
94-Tom Gustafson, Ft. Lauderdale
95-Anne Mackenzie, Ft. Lauderdale
96-Norman Ostrau, Plantation
97-Fred Lippman, Hollywood
98-Irma Rochlin, Hallandale
99-Walter C. "Walt" Young, Pembroke Pines
100-Ronald (Ron) A. Silver, North Miami Beach
101-Mike Abrams, Miami
102-Elaine Y. Gordon, North Miami
103-Michael Friedman, Surfside
104-Elaine Bloom, Miami Beach
105-Alberto "Al" Gutman, Miami
106-Jeff Reaves, Miami
107-James Burke, Miami
108-Willie Logan, Opa Locka
109-Rodolfo "Rudy" Garcia, Jr., Hialeah
110-Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Miami
111-Roberto Casas, Hialeah
112-Arnhilda Badia Gonzalez-Quevedo, Coral Gables
113-Luis C. Morse, Miami
114-Elizabeth (Betty) Metcalf, Coral Gables
115-Javier D. Souto, Miami
116-Art Simon, Miami
117-Susan "Susie" Guber, Miami
118-Bob Starks, Homestead
119-John F. Cosgrove, Miami
120-Ron Saunders, Key West

GIVEN under my hand and the Great Seal of the
State of Florida in Tallahassee, the Capitol,
this the 17th day of November, A. D., 1986.
Secretary of State


The following prayer was offered by Pastor Kenneth Barrington and
his wife, Helena, of the Metropolitan Cathedral Church in Tallahassee,
upon invitation of Representative Burke:
Father, we thank You for this day, and we come now, Lord, and we
ask Your blessings. We acknowledge You in all our ways that You
might direct our paths. Father, we ask that You would give wisdom,
and that You would give direction, to these men and women as they
endeavor to carry out the duties of their office. Father, we thank You
now for the wisdom that comes from You, and I thank You now for
Your blessings upon each one of them.
Father, for Your continued blessings upon the great State of Florida
and all of its residents, that we may be a part of Your plan on earth,
we ask. Amen.

The following prayer was offered by Representative Carlton, on
behalf of Representative Gene Hodges, who was hospitalized in serious
condition in the North Florida Regional Medical Center in Gainesville:
Our most gracious Heavenly Father, thank You for the privilege of
serving in this place. Bless each Member of the Florida House of
Representatives in a special way, Oh Lord. Make us instruments of
Thy peace. Create in us clean hearts, Oh God, and renew a right spirit
within us. Let us always remember that each day is a gift and should
be used to honor and glorify You.
Thank You for our families; bless them, Lord, for the sacrifices they
make that we might serve. Oh God, we ask a special blessing for Jon

Mills. Give him Your wisdom, Your knowledge. Guide him and protect
him, we pray.
We ask, Father, for Your healing touch for our friend and colleague,
Gene Hodges. Be with him, we pray. Thank You, Lord, for our nation.
Thank You, for our great State. Continue to pour out Your blessings on
us, and now glory be to God, who by His mighty power at work within
us, is able to do far more than we would ever dare to ask or even dream
of, infinitely beyond our highest prayers, desires, thoughts, our hopes.

The following Members were recorded present:


Johnson, B. L.
Johnson, R. C.
Jones, D. L.



Excused: Representative Hodges, due to illness; Representative C. F.
Jones, who was in Israel participating in a seminar for state officials.
A quorum was present.


The Members pledged allegiance to the Flag led by Representative
Smith and the following representatives of veterans organizations:
Robert Jackson, State Commander, American Legion; Ted Luxenberg,
First Junior Vice Commander, Disabled American Veterans; Ed
Shuman, Past State Commander, Veterans of Foreign Wars; Bob
Clark, Legislative Chairman, AMVETS; Katie Tucker, Vice President,
Reserve Officers Association; Stan Siedel, Vietnam Veterans of
America; Larry Raskin, President, Vietnam Veterans of Florida
Coalition; Robert French, Regional Vice President, Southeast Regional
Fleet Reserve Association; Dave Mount, Legislative Director, Para-
lyzed Veterans Association of Florida, Tampa Bay PVA, and Central
Florida PVA; and Ed Hoffman, National Judge Advocate.

House Physician
The Chair introduced Dr. Jay C. Harrington, D.D.S., who was
serving in the Clinic today as the guest of Representative Mills.

Oath Taken by Members

The Members, in groups of four, went to the well where the oath of
office prescribed by the Constitution was administered by Justice
James C. Adkins, Florida Supreme Court.


Representative C. F. Jones of District 42 was administered the oath
of office on November 5 by Dr. Allen Morris, Clerk of the House.
Representative Jones was out of the country today.

Presentation of Guests
The Chair presented the following former Speakers of the House who
were present as guests of Representative Mills: The Honorable Donald
L. Tucker; The Honorable Ralph H. Haben, Jr.; The Honorable H. Lee
Moffitt. The Chair also presented his wife, Carolyn Thompson.

Election of the Speaker

The Chair announced the House would now proceed to the election of
Officers and, for the purposes of nominations, motions would be
seconded. Nominations would now be received for Speaker of the House
of Representatives for a term of two years beginning today.
Representative R. C. Johnson nominated the Honorable Jon L. Mills
for Speaker.
Representative Johnson: Good morning. As we sit here today,
among all of the pomp and ceremony, with all of the great potential
that we have as a collective body, we have to remember that we really
have nothing if we don't have each other.
Imagine, if you will, a family with nothing, doing all they can to
provide a shelter and food for their family. A father, mother, a son, a
grandmother. The grandmother is dependent on the state welfare
program just to eat because the family is too poor to provide for all.
Imagine the struggle of despair as the family sees their son, in the
hospital, battling for life!
The parents are proud, God-fearing and loving, but without the
means to supply the needed medical care for their child. Imagine in
each of these cases where caring individuals within the community
and the State of Florida provide the encouragement, the incentive, and
in some cases the dollars, necessary for that family one and all to
survive and become productive members of our society, when all the
odds said they would fail.
I don't mind telling you here today, that that family was my family,
and that child was me. Because of this body of elected representatives
in the past, decisions were made that affected me directly and affected
my family directly.
My family and I believed in the American system and the quest for
opportunity. The State helped provide me the necessary tools to
complete my education, overcome the odds, and now hopefully
contribute to society in a positive and meaningful way.
It is because of my strong, strong belief in the ideals embodied in
this institution that today is so very, very important to me as I
nominate Jon Mills as Speaker of the Florida House of Representa-
Jon and I entered these chambers nearly eight years ago together,
and side by side with many of you, we've seen some exciting times,
seen some intriguing times and occasionally difficult times, but they
were always, always optimistic times.
We have all just been through an election process filled with
excitement, heartache, struggle, defeat and victory. Yet, the people
have spoken. No matter what our partisan viewpoint, our responsibili-
ty now is to all of the people of the State of Florida.
Jon Mills has well prepared himself to accept the gavel today and,
with it, carry out the responsibilities of the office of Speaker of the
Florida House of Representatives.
Jon Mills will continue to provide the strong leadership tradition
that this House has experienced during the last century of Democratic
Jon Mills listens to all the voices, not just the strongest, especially
those who have little or no voice at all: the children and their need for
protection and education; the elderly and their need to survive and be
treated fairly; the environment, which is so important to our State.

Jon Mills also knows the importance of business and agriculture,
which create the jobs on which Florida flourishes.
During these eight years, I have seen Jon develop a keen under-
standing of the art and science of this process.
He has taken to heart the essence of objectivity, of vision, of
sensitivity and compromise, all of which represent success as a
legislator and certainly are prerequisites to leadership.
He has the objectivity to analyze an issue and decide on a course of
action that benefits the public interests. He moves from his under-
standing of the issues and his vision of how to respond to them to
pragmatic action.
Jon Mills knows that this State is dynamic and complex, consisting
of many diverse and often continuous interests. He has a vision of
Florida, its people and our needs.
The late Senator Robert F. Kennedy once said "Some men see things
as they are and say, 'why'? I dream dreams that never were and say,
'why not'?"
The Legislature and the people of Florida need the dreams and the
vision of a leader like Jon Mills. He really believes that problems
should be viewed not as problems, but as opportunities, and he seizes
opportunity with a realistic view.
His philosophy is simple: "It isn't who is right, it is what is right."
Jon Mills works for what is right within the process and within the
system. Jon Mills' philosophy for the Legislature is a democratic one,
in the classical sense of Greek democracy: he welcomes full, individual
participation, and he encourages the development of consensus natu-
rally, not through imposition from above.
For eight years, Jon Mills has worked diligently to insure open, free,
and meaningful communications within this House. Jon Mills has
consulted with you; he has visited with you; he has listened to you and
he will now work for you.
It is for the difficult times ahead that we need responsive,
responsible, intelligent, courageous and optimistic leadership with a
vision for our future. This is the leadership I see in my good and true
friend, Jon Mills.
Members of the House, it is my sincere and deep personal honor,
without hesitation or equivocation, to nominate Jon Mills for Speaker
of the Florida House of Representatives.

Representative Gardner seconded the nomination of Representative
Mills for Speaker.

Representative Gardner: Mr. Speaker, Judge Adkins, honored
guests, colleagues: In the book entitled The Sometimes Governments,
the Citizen's Conference on State Legislatures stated that one of the
most critical factors in the legislative process is the stability and
strength of leadership. A few weeks ago the citizens of our state
expressed confidence in our ability to work as a team for all the people
of Florida. I'm here today, as we all are, to select our legislative leader,
the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives. Our Florida is
truly a wonderful place to live, and that's a blessing. But we all know
that's only one edge of a two-edged sword. We are faced with many
problems here in Florida, almost all of which are the by-products of
growth. Growth is good. We must have growth to prosper, but at the
same time we must acknowledge the special problems that growth
creates and then have the courage to deal with them.
Eight hundred and ninety-three new Floridians arrive each day.
That's good for our prosperity but it also includes a need for:
-Almost two miles of highways, daily
-Two new public school classrooms, daily
-Two new school teachers, daily
-Services for 14 more children in subsidized day care, three more
children who are abused or emotionally disturbed and 10 more
children who are developmentally disabled, daily
-Two more police officers, daily


-One more local jail cell, daily
-Two more state prison beds, daily
-The resources to handle 38 more recipients of Medicaid, 79 more
people in need of alcohol and drug abuse treatment, 13 more
people who are mentally ill and 19 more applicants for Aid to
Families with Dependent Children, daily
-Over 111,108 more gallons of water, daily
-The ability to treat 94,560 more gallons of wastewater, daily.
Jon Mills has acknowledged those special problems and he has
proven the courage of his convictions. The Water Quality Act of 1983,
the Wetlands Protection Act of 1984, and the Growth Management Act
of 1985 are doing more to keep our Florida a truly wonderful place to
live than any other legislative initiatives in Florida's history. They
were accomplished under Jon Mills' leadership.
We are members of one of probably the top three legislatures in
America. We all acknowledged our Florida's special problems during
this most recent election. We are here today because of an expectation
on the part of her citizens that we would deal with those problems. We
have an opportunity for greatness and that calls for greatness in
I am proud to speak today on behalf of a man who has the courage to
face the problems of today; a man who has demonstrated his attributes
as a concerned American, a loyal citizen, a native Floridian and a
dedicated legislator. It is truly an honor to second the nomination of
Jon Mills for Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives.

Representative Liberti seconded the nomination of Representative
Mills for Speaker.

Representative Liberti: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Justice, Members and
guests: There was a doctor and an engineer, and a politician who were
arguing which one of them had the oldest profession. The doctor had
stated that he had heard in The Good Book that out of Adam's rib came
Eve, and that's obviously the first operation so medicine has to be the
oldest profession. The engineer said, "No, prior to that I had learned
that out of chaos order was created, and who else but an engineer can
create order by placing roads and structures where they belong?" They
asked the politician if he concurred and he said, "No, because who do
you think created the chaos to begin with?"
When I first committed to support Jon Mills for Speaker of the
House, the rough seas of political chaos were mostly nonexistent.
However, Jon Mills' ability to envision Florida's future, with a concern
and understanding for the rural as well as the urban was always
apparent. His ability to envision Florida's future with a concern and
understanding, for the fortunate as well as the less fortunate, was
always apparent. The willingness to direct Florida's future with an
ability to be fair as well as decisive was, also, always apparent.
The abilities that encompass a leader are even more apparent when
the game plan changes and the unexpected becomes reality. That is
when we witness the fortitude of a real leader. And that is Jon Mills, a
real leader.
As he has pressed himself unselfishly to his limits for the betterment
of Florida, he has come to expect no less from each and everyone of us.
Jon Mills knows that the complex growth problems of our state will not
be solved quickly or with slogans.
This is why he expects no less than the best from ourselves, for the
people of Florida. For we are not legislators merely due to the results
of an election and the mere walking onto the Senate or House floors.
We are legislators only when we have a purpose and the commitment
to follow through with our convictions. Our individual purposes and
commitments vary, but will not flourish without the existing good
convictions of our next Speaker, Jon Mills.

So during these complex and difficult times of uncertain future we
ask the question "Where?", and we respond "Florida!", then we ask the
question "When?", and we respond "Now!"; and finally, ask the
question "How?", and we respond, "With Jon Mills."

Representative Burnsed seconded the nomination of Representative
Mills for Speaker.

Representative Burnsed: Mr. Speaker, Justice Adkins, former Mr.
Speakers, fellow Members of the House, family, particularly my
family, and guests: In seconding the nomination of Jon Mills to be
Speaker of the Florida House, there is so much that could be said.
What area do you want to key in on? I believe it is important to focus
on his legislative accomplishments, for they provide us the window of
opportunity to envision his dreams and goals for Florida and its future.
Quality of life-quality of life says it all. In his relatively short
tenure in the Florida Legislature, his initiatives have covered the
volumes of Florida law. Quality of life for those special children was
certainly improved when Jon Mills sponsored legislation establishing
the Hematology-Oncology Center. Quality of life certainly improved
when Jon Mills spearheaded the deliberations and subsequent passage
of the Water Quality Assurance Act. Our senior citizens and the
medically needy had their quality of life bettered when they were able
to receive dentures and eyeglasses. Thanks to Jon Mills.
Preventing child abuse and neglect was a Mills issue long before it
became a state issue, or a national issue. The Mills Bill required a
state prevention plan of action long before it was fashionable, and, yes,
the quality of life for Florida's abused and neglected children is better.
The corrections package that addressed the treatment and quality of
life for those in our correction facilities might not have made the front
page news, but it further demonstrates the concern of Jon Mills for the
quality of life for all of our citizens.
Protection of Florida's wetlands and growth management rank,
certainly, as quality of life issues, high on everyone's list. Quality of
life-and I haven't mentioned the privacy amendment; the math and
science bill; his work in higher education; all the bricks and mortar in
Gainesville and at the University of Florida-and yes, even the
Hippodrome Theatre; his chairmanship of Sub I and Sub III of
Appropriations; his superb efforts for the quality of education of our
young people in K-12; his active service on so many committees; his
concern for the young and for the old; his sensitivity to developed and
virgin land; his protection of our natural resources and the challenge of
the unlimited boundaries of science and technology.
Jon Mills recognized the need to expand our relationship with the
Caribbean and Far East when others hadn't even realized the market
potential for Florida.
All Florida should be proud of his depth of background and the
breadth of his major accomplishments. Jon Mills speaks for the
majority, not for just a few. So on behalf of all of the many and diverse
populations that we represent, all of whom have benefited from Jon's
leadership for the quality of life for the future of Florida, I'm pleased
and privileged to second the nomination of Jon Mills as Speaker of the
Florida House of Representatives.

Representative Carpenter seconded the nomination of Representa-
tive Mills for Speaker.

Representative Carpenter: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Justice and Mem-
bers: Jon Mills and I attended our first Organization Session together
eight years ago. We voted for Hyatt Brown and served under his
leadership for two years. From Hyatt we learned fairness. Hyatt
always gave you a fair choice; you could either get on the train or you
could lie down on the tracks in front of it.
Two years later we returned in November and elected Ralph Haben.
From Ralph we learned leadership. Ralph led both the House and the
Senate through the turbulent times of reapportionment. In November
of 1982, Jon and I voted for Lee Moffitt, who turned around and
appointed us to seven committees each. From Lee we learned to work
long and hard. Just two years ago we elected James Harold Thompson,
the Speaker who taught us the value of patience and steadfastness. By
the way, he's forty-two today. [applause]
Today, I am proud to second the nomination of Jon Mills as our
Speaker. Jon will retain in our House the strength of Hyatt Brown, the
leadership of Ralph Haben, the tenacity of Lee Moffitt, and the strong


will of James Harold Thompson. To this he will add a brilliance of
intellect and a sense of purpose for the State of Florida that has
characterized his career in public office. Jon is the leader that our
House and our State need at this crucial point in our history, and I
look forward to serving Florida, together with you, under his strong
guidance and leadership.

Representative Webster nominated the Honorable R. Dale Patchett
for Speaker.
Representative Webster: Well, it's good to be here this morning.
Mr. Speaker, Members of the House, distinguished guests, and ladies
and gentlemen, it's my real honor today to place in nomination another
name. It's a real privilege to have such a good friend at the back that
we would like to elect as Speaker of this great body. I'm thrilled to
place in nomination for Speaker an outstanding colleague and a proven
leader, R. Dale Patchett. I never really asked him what the "R" meant
there. I guess it means "Republican." [laughter]
We're excited for him. Dale was elected ten years ago. He and his
wife, Candy, daughter Katie, live in Vero Beach. Dale has distin-
guished himself, as many of you know, as an authority on the state's
environment. An outward expression of this has been his many awards
from the Florida Sierra Club and from the Florida Audubon Society.
Dale has also received two Allen Morris Awards for his work in
committee and also as runner-up as Most Effective Member.
Representative Patchett has an effective track record and he knows
the legislative process. Dale is a leader, first as Republican Whip, then
as our Republican pro tem-and now as Republican Leader. He has
proven himself in debate and in committee. He has also proven himself
in those meetings that our Governor-elect talked about in his
Right now the press is down in the Senate. They want to see the
action. Why don't we bring them back down here? Why don't we get
one up on the Senate? As a matter of fact, some of you out there, if you
were to join us, we would be very benevolent. [laughter] How
benevolent? Well, we'll talk about that.
One of the first things that I learned six years ago as a freshman was
the fact that, no matter how eloquent the debate, no matter how
convincing the facts, you still have to have the votes. Dale, we're 15
short, but eight years ago we were 29 short, so we're gaining. It looks
like about a 45% increase and we're excited about the prospects of
moving on. [applause]
But, with all that, it's my distinct pleasure to place in nomination R.
Dale Patchett for Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Representative Dunbar seconded the nomination of Representative
Patchett for Speaker.

Representative Dunbar: I noticed as we gathered this morning
there are some changes in the Chamber. As you look in front of you,
there is a new blue button that appears. It indicates to me that there
are some changes and probably that somebody wants to know what we
are doing or, at least, making sure that we do it the right way.
Today, tomorrow in Florida is a new era in Florida's capital and it
won't be like yesterday again. The mark of good leadership is to be
able to recognize that, to accept the change, to understand what it
means and to meet the challenges that it presents. Dale Patchett is
such a leader and it's my pleasure to second his nomination as Speaker
of this House.
You have heard and you will hear from others of his awards and his
honors, his accolades, his public service, but I'd like to share briefly
with you a bit of his personal side and some of his philosophy. He is a
leader of deep personal commitment-to his wife Candy, to his
daughter Katie, to his colleagues in this House, to the people of Florida
and its government and the quality that it presents to all of its
He has devoted long hours to his duties and he has been unselfish in
his public service. He has been at the forefront and a leader in the
development of every major piece of legislation that has come through

this House of Representatives during his service. He enjoys the natural
beauty of Florida's outdoors and its sunshine and the quality of life
that it brings to all of us. He understands the pressure of growth on
our natural resources and the demands that it makes on policy-makers
when they balance those pressures of the constituency against the
needs for environmental preservation.
He is a leader with personal qualities that we can be proud of and he
is a leader with the experience that it takes to meet the challenges of a
new and emerging era. Join with me as that new era unfolds in Florida
and look forward to a tomorrow where the business of the state is no
longer conducted behind closed doors and where the sunshine of
Florida will shine even on the fourth floor of the Capitol Building. I
ask you to join with me in seconding the nomination of Representative
Dale Patchett as Speaker of this House.

Representative Hanson seconded the nomination of Representative
Patchett for Speaker.

Representative Hanson: Mr. Speaker, ladies and gentlemen of the
House, guests, family, and friends: Fourscore and seven years ago-oh,
wait a minute, wrong speech-the election is over. I am pleased and
honored today to have the opportunity to second the nomination of R.
Dale Patchett.
When I came to the House in 1982, Dale was already in a leadership
position, serving as the Minority Speaker pro tem. His first words to
the freshman class that year were "Know the rules and when you give
your word, be sure and keep it." That was very good advice and I
encourage you all to heed that advice. As a member of the House
Natural Resources Committee over the past four years, struggling with
major legislation such as the Wetlands Preservation Act, the Water
Quality Assurance Act, the Growth Management Act, and the Beach
Restoration Act, I found out in a real hurry that Dale Patchett is
indeed a man of his word and does indeed know the rules. Dale
Patchett has proven himself a leader in the Florida House of
Representatives. We look forward to his continued presence, leader-
ship, and knowledge as we set the course for our great State of Florida
with our Governor Bob Martinez at the helm. Once again, it is a
distinct pleasure and privilege to second the nomination of R. Dale
Patchett as Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives.

Representative Thomas seconded the nomination of Representative
Patchett for Speaker.

Representative Thomas: It is a great privilege to second the
nomination of R. Dale Patchett for the position of Speaker of the
House. As the fourth person to do this, it has its own set of difficulties.
After all, only the lead dog gets a change of scenery.
There are some things about Dale Patchett that the other seconders
have not mentioned. Not only has he molded a diverse minority into a
single cohesive force on the strength of his own personality, and
directed that minority to where it is a force that must be reckoned
with; he has still maintained his primary responsibility as the
Representative of the people of District 78.
Health care is one of the major issues facing District 78 and every
single district in Florida. Dale Patchett was this year's winner of the
D. I. Rainey Legislative Award for Outstanding Contribution to
Quality Health Care. From a field of thousands, Dale Patchett was one
of ten Representatives to receive the National Republican Legislators
Association Legislator of the Year Award.
Having worked closely with Dale during my legislative tenure, I am
proud to tell you that this strong environmentalist, this man whose
background is in forestry, has always supported and respected the
rights of the individual and has never lost sight of the fact that he is a
representative of all of the people of Florida.
It is my great pleasure to second Dale Patchett for Speaker of the
Florida House. Florida could not do better.

Representative Sanderson seconded the nomination of Representa-
tive Patchett for Speaker.


Representative Sanderson: Mr. Speaker, Justice Adkins, honored
guests, and my distinguished colleagues: It is indeed an honor to
second the nomination of R. Dale Patchett for the position of Speaker
of this distinguished assembly.
He has served us well as Minority Leader of this Chamber since
1984. Dale has won the respect and admiration of the veteran members
of this House, by exhibiting a thorough understanding of both the
political and practical aspects of our process.
To paraphrase Kenny Rogers' "The Gambler," Dale knows when to
hold 'em, and when to fold 'em! But this is an art, and Dale Patchett
consistently meets the challenge, putting priorities methodically in
place, knowing full well that the best leaders are as committed to their
members as to themselves.
Leadership requires tact, strength, caution, compassion, a touch of
genius, and tenacity. The value of a man is the sum of his
commitments and Dale is committed to:
-A better Florida
-Meeting the many challenges for the future of this great state
-Utilizing the unique qualities of each member of this House
-Enhancing the agenda of our Republican Governor-elect serving
-Last but not least, perpetuating the "emerging majority"
It is my privilege therefore, with these thoughts, to second the
nomination of R. Dale Patchett as Speaker of the House.

Representatives Mills and Patchett were declared the nominees for
Speaker. When the votes were cast for Speaker, the result was:



Johnson, B. L.
Johnson, R. C.



Representative Mills was recorded present. Representatives C. F.
Jones and Hodges were recorded as voting Yea



Jones, D. L.



Representative Patchett was recorded present.

Representative Mills was declared the duly elected Speaker of the
House of Representatives for a term of two years beginning today.

On motion by Representative Dantzler, the Chair appointed Repre-
sentatives Davis, Martin, Meffert, Reddick, Tobin, and Wetherell as a
committee to escort Representative Mills and his mother to the
rostrum. Representative Mills then presented a bouquet of long-
stemmed yellow roses to his mother.
The Chair presented Representative Mills' mother, Mrs. Marguerite

Justice Adkins administered the oath of office to the Speaker.
Mr. Thompson handed to Mr. Mills the gavel signifying his authority
and then presented him as the new Speaker of the House of
Representatives. The committee escorted Mrs. Mills back to her seat.


Address by Speaker Mills

The Speaker addressed the House as follows:
Speakers Moffitt, Haben and Tucker, Mr. Justice Adkins, distin-
guished guests, and friends: Thank you all for being here on this very,
very special day for me.
First, to our Speaker James Harold Thompson, thank you for your
steadfast leadership which put us in this position today to continue
your greatness and your great leadership. Thank you for your personal
friendship which has helped prepare me for this challenge. Thank you
very much. [applause]
To the Members of this House, thank you for your commitment. To
you I commit all of my energy and time for these years which are going
to be difficult and challenging, but I have the faith in this membership
and this House that we will meet that challenge. To you 28 new
members, welcome to the family..I would like all of you to stand up
now so we can recognize the new members of our family-all of the
members of the family who are with them, please stand up. Those who
worked in the gallery to get these people elected, stand up. Those of us
in the House want to welcome you. [applause] You have all met great
personal challenges to be here and I tell you today you are about to
meet lifelong friends that you will keep and cherish.
To our staff, without whose help and dedication none of us could
serve, we thank you. I personally believe that we in the Florida
Legislature have the best staff in the country and I thank you all for
helping us. I look forward to the future and working with our great
To my parents-Marguerite, who is here, and Herb, who cannot be
here-, who always told me this country gives you a chance if you are
willing to take it, I thank you for your faith. My mother, who is now
going to be known as being the mother of the person who nominated
the person who is from Waycross, Georgia-since she happens to be
from Waycross, Georgia, the home of James Burke-who came from
Waycross to the University of Miami, home of Ron Silver [laughter],
graduated magna cum laude, became an Orange Bowl Queen, and the
first female President of the Student Government, who met a lot of
challenges and proved to me that they can be met, who was a great
teacher and a perfect mother. Thank you for everything. [applause] My
dad, who physically cannot be here, was a Captain in World War II, a
tremendous athlete, a salesman and just period the most courageous
man I've ever known.
To my friends in Gainesville, thank you for electing me and
continuing to believe in me, in providing me with this opportunity
today and in the future. I will never forget what you did for me in the
past. To my friends around Florida, in return for your help and
confidence, I pledge to you all of my efforts to make this the greatest
state it can be.
To my friends in the minority party, and especially Dale Patchett, I
look forward to working together with the complete knowledge that
our friendship and our commitment to this state will overcome any
partisan challenges and any partisan difficulties. I look forward to the
future and working with you, Dale. [applause] It was a squeaker.


To Governor-elect Martinez, congratulations. We pledge to work
with you. Specifically, I would like to invite you and your staff to meet
with our bipartisan leadership team as soon as possible so that we can
discuss our mutual interests and begin to discuss the future of this
Ladies and gentlemen, these are unique times. There is an ancient
Chinese blessing which says, "May you live in interesting times." It is
clear to me that we are blessed. [laughter]
Florida is a diverse and challenging and changing state. When my
father came home after World War II to Miami, Harry Truman was
President, Florida was the 25th largest state and half of the people in
this House were not born-including me. Today, we are headed toward
being the third largest state in this country with a diversity and
complexity unmatched. A friend visited from South America just
recently and said, very simply, Florida is a country. Our diversity is
Let's talk a minute about why this state is so complicated and so
challenging. Florida is the home of the oldest settlement and the home
of the first moon launch. We are a different, unique state because of
our people, because of our cities, because of our economy and because of
our environment. We have one of the oldest populations in the United
States. We have the largest Hispanic population in the South.
At the same time, there are segments of our population with severe
problems. Our children have one of the highest infant mortality rates
in the country despite the fact we have some of the greatest medical
centers in the world. Our teenagers have one of the highest dropout
rates in the country and our teenagers have one of the highest
pregnancy rates in this nation.
Our cities, too, are dynamic and different. We are the most
urbanized state in the South. While we have some of the fastest-grow-
ing and most dynamic cities in this country and the world, we have
some of the worst transportation and infrastructure problems imagin-
able. We have a backlog of 10 billion dollars worth of infrastructure
problems in our cities alone.
Our cities are also the home of some of the worst drug problems in
this country. I have personally witnessed with a number of you
transactions in "crack" cocaine in some of our major cities. In an effort
to fight crime, our criminal justice system has incarcerated more
people per capital than all but two other states, giving us an
overcrowded jail and prison problem.
Our economy is unique. We have the largest number of tourists
visiting our state of any state in the country; the largest number of
embarkations on cruise ships of any state in the world; the largest
number of ports in the United States; the ninth largest agricultural
economy; the third largest film industry; banks from forty different
countries and we have a burgeoning high-tech and international trade
economy unmatched.
Our environment is unique. We have the longest coastline in the
continental United States and, frankly, the most beautiful beaches. We
have hundreds of thousands of acres of fragile wetlands. We have to
obtain 90% of our drinking water from a shallow and fragile aquifer.
Yes, Florida is different. We have unique advantages of geography,
of climate, of diverse population, of strong economy. But at the same
time, we have unique problems: of environment, of rapid growth, of
deteriorating infrastructure and underfunded education.
All these factors illustrate that we must fashion our own solutions.
We cannot look to other capitals because our problems are unique. In
fact, other capitals look to us. So, it is we who must write our own
solutions. It is we who must write our own history.
There is one more unique factor and one more unique advantage we
have in facing these problems and that is this House. This House has a
tradition to continue. This House has made major and courageous
reforms in transportation, criminal justice, growth management,
insurance reform, water quality, education and has kept Florida a low
tax state under the leadership of our former Speakers. [applause]

Ladies and gentlemen, I believe this House is prepared for our new
and diverse and difficult challenges-perhaps because this House is a

diverse body. We are farmers, teachers, lawyers, engineers; men and
women; black and white, Hispanic; Jews and gentiles; young and old.
We are Republican and Democrat. We have a House where most of our
members were born after World War II, while at the same time we
have veterans of World War II, veterans of the Korean War, veterans
of Vietnam and veterans of the Bay of Pigs.
We are perhaps the most diverse legislative body in the country.
Other legislatures are made up primarily of native-born citizens. Not
so here. Less than half of our membership was born in Florida. The
second largest number were born in New York, the third largest
number were born in Alabama and the fourth largest number were
born in Cuba.
This diverse legislature has been challenged in the last several
sessions, and we rose to the challenge together, in spite of diversity or
maybe because of it. Today is the first step on a new journey to
transcend the differences of party, urban/rural. I think we know also
that partisan politics in a modern state are useless if they are partisan
politics for their own sake. It is our duty, obligation and responsibility
to unify and to put Florida first. In putting Florida first we have to
take our unique advantages, understand our unique problems and set
goals for the people of this state that we represent. Our goal must be to
make this great and complex state even greater. This is not the time
for a time-out. We must protect the family, provide individual citizens
with opportunity and safety, further our economy and protect our
Let's talk about the American family for a minute. The American
family has been subjected to unique pressures. In the 1950's and
1960's, the head of the household from the years they grew from 25
years old to 35 years old could expect their income to increase 117%. In
the last decade the increase was only 17%. These external factors of
stress make it even more difficult for our families to hold together. It is
our responsibility to make government part of the solution, rather
than part of the problem. Parents are under stress from drugs,
dropouts, teenage pregnancies, and it's our responsibility to help solve
those problems.
-We must strive to identify young people who are headed for a life
of crime and do something to head them in a productive direction,
teaching them the value of a job.
-We must change our corrections system to assure that the young,
first-time offenders are not automatically shunted into our graduate
schools of crime, but that they have alternative means of service. We
must turn all of our talents to solving the crime and drug problems
because this is truly the cancer that will affect our youth. Early
detection and stiffer penalties for those who peddle pain to our youth
are imperative.
-We must take action to reduce the dropout rate. Only 62% of our
citizens, our children, that enter schools graduate. Florida is far from a
success in the area of dropout prevention.
-We must expand our commitment to dealing with housing and
urban problems to allow families the opportunity for an affordable
place to live.
-And, perhaps most importantly, we must create an educational
system where teachers are encouraged to do their best and paid for it
in a positive teaching environment and children learn the skills and
values they need to prosper.
Next, to put Florida first we must continue to expand our economy to
accommodate the need for new jobs in this growing state. Our
diversified economy must expand into other areas of potential strength
and at the same time, recognize that our history and our future is still
in agri-business, in tourism, in construction and growth, the basis of
our past.
Specifically, we must expand our initiatives in international trade,
particularly in the Caribbean, Latin America and South America. We
should explore and exploit the untapped trade potential in the Pacific
rim to make us a leader among the states. We must direct our energies
to preserving, restoring and building the roads and the other
infrastructure of our state to continue our growth and prosperity.


We are a state that grew very quickly-so quickly many of our
infrastructure components are going to deteriorate. We are a state that
is still growing-soon to become the third largest-and in danger of
choking on our own success if we do not adequately fund our
We must increase our commitment to higher education, particularly
in the area of applied research, to attract positive growth to Florida.
This cannot be a great state without a great higher educational
We must realize the hard fact that no longer can a state compete in
an international economy by simply being cheaper. We must be better.
In fact, because of the international nature of the economy, states are
competing against foreign workforces, against which it is almost
impossible to be cheaper.
To put Florida first we must continue to protect our environment.
We know that our state is a delicately balanced and interdependent
system of estuaries, wetlands and recharge areas, underground
aquifers and beaches-a system that makes Florida a natural wonder,
a popular tourist destination, and frankly the best place in the nation
to live.
We've been successful in the last few years as we've discussed
enacting new laws to manage growth and to protect the environment.
We must insure that these new laws are continued and funded. In the
final analysis, environmental integrity is the definition of quality of
life and the definition of quality of business in the economy in our
We should continue our uniquely successful programs to clean up
and make more productive our great and historic bays. What we've
done in Apalachicola and in Biscayne Bay, we need to do in Tampa
Bay. [applause] We need very soon to clean up Lake Okeechobee and to
assure that this state's great treasures are not slowly destroyed.
Lastly, in putting Florida first, we must recognize that perhaps
government's biggest responsibility is to create an atmosphere of
opportunity for the individual, and for all Floridians.
We need to rededicate ourselves to provide an educational system
that will provide opportunity.
We need to rededicate ourselves to providing a human service
delivery system commensurate with our great state-a system that
emphasizes the delivery of services, and not the proliferation of
We must do more to maximize the range of opportunity for one of our
greatest natural resources, our senior citizens.
We need to assure that professional medical care is available to all of
those in need and make sure that our children have a chance. We need
to improve our children's medical services and programs in children's
Ladies and gentlemen, indeed these are interesting times. Our time
in history, in this state and in this House, truly is now. We must have
the vision not to look to the next election, not to the next session, but
to the next decade.
Sometimes the way we have approached problems in the past
reminds me of children playing on a down escalator running up it.
They do it in spurts and they slip back and they do it again and when
they stop, they slip all the way back. This State is like a moving
escalator. We have to run hard just to stay even and if we are to get
ahead, we must run even harder. Our situation is not static. If we
stand still we most certainly will slip backwards.
When this legislature is judged in the cold clear light of history,
what will history say? I want to be able to say that we put Florida first

We built an educational system that provided opportunity for our
children and a magnet for intelligent growth.
We did not compromise our environment for short-term gain, but
rather restored our rivers and lakes.

We decided that a great state cannot have a third world human
services system and did something about it.
We found the resources to build the roads, the bridges, the libraries,
the schools, to make Florida truly the community of the future.
Is this idealism? Yes, it is. Idealism is the pathfinder to accomplish-
ment. I have the faith that our House will find the way and find the
path. My friends, this is our time to serve and this is our time to lead.
And there is no better place than Florida and there is no better time
than now.
Thank you all.

Election of the Speaker pro tempore

The Speaker announced that nominations would now be received for
Speaker pro tempore of the House of Representatives for a two-year
term beginning today.

Representative Jamerson nominated the Honorable James C. Burke
for Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Jamerson: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Justice Adkins, ladies
and gentlemen of the House of Representives, special guests, families
and friends: Four years ago, I entered service to this body as a member
of one of the largest freshman classes since Florida's historic reappor-
tionment, in 1968.
Neophyte that I was, I recall being overwhelmed at the surroundings
and at the circumstances that had brought me to this juncture.
Nervous, much as I am now, I wondered whether or not I had finally
at long last, gotten in over my head.
As I met and mingled with the other newly installed Members, one
particularly stood out. He had the cool, suave air of someone familiar
with the trappings of pomp, pageantry and power.
I said to myself, "I've got to get to know this person; he has the style
and sophistication to really make it in this process."
That person, of whom my prognostication comes true today is none
other than the Honorable James C. Burke.
Let me briefly share with you some of the life accomplishments of
our colleague. Those of you who were in Gainesville at the Caucus may
have heard these and for you, I will apologize at my reiteration.
Nurtured, in what the Speaker has referred to previously, in the
fertile clay of Waycross, Georgia, he spent his formative years
performing tasks endemic to persons born across the railroad tracks
with a darker hue, in a deep southern state.
Picking cotton, cropping tobacco, and working as a janitor, however,
did not deter his indomitable spirit. Jim was blessed to a poor family
accustomed to hard work, but possessing pride in their accomplish-
ments. He experienced the highs-serving as president of his eighth
and tenth grade classes, to what some of us might call the "dregs". By
that, I mean picking up and shoveling pickles in a relish factory in
Tacoma, Washington. Jim Burke has come a long way.
Through all of this he persevered. His promise was evident to a
strong male role model in one of his secondary school teachers, Mr.
James Galloway. Mr. Galloway instilled in Representative Burke a
strong interest in current events, as well as the benefits associated
with a college education. Jimmy's interests in both were heightened,
but the realities for a poor lad from the housing project soon dimmed
that enthusiasm and he came close to drifting down a path of little
His beloved grandfather, whom he affectionately called "Daddy"
stepped in. One Friday, while sweeping in the S. H. Kress store, when
he should have left for college on an earned scholarship, his "Daddy"
took the broom from his hand, talked to his employer and led him
away to an encouraging counselor's home. Once there, they reaffirmed
his potential for college and on Monday, with $200 for incidentals from
his "Daddy" he enrolled in Knoxville College. Jim Burke was on a
collision course with destiny and success.


In college, his political interests and acumen were enhanced with his
election to the presidency of the freshman class of Knoxville College.
Jim's early inclination to become a teacher was washed away with an
experience he had as a witness in a courtroom trial. He then decided
that he would pursue a law school career. Undaunted, and with no
money, he passed the entrance examination and was able to win a spot
in the Council for Legal Education Opportunities for Minorities
Program, and soon was given a place in the University of Miami Law
School. His proclivity for political service was again evidenced when he
became the first black member of the Student Senate at the University
of Miami.
Jim Burke has worked as a lawyer, a teacher, and a legislative aide.
He has distinguished himself through dedication, application and just
plain old hard work. As a Member of this Legislature, he has been a
fighter for justice and opportunity for all Floridians. He has been a
stanchion for duty, service, and conviction of purpose. Jim Burke is a
skilled orator and he is very knowledgeable of the pertinent issues and
needs facing Floridians today.
Jim Burke is a man of the people and he brings an awareness to this
post that will help the Speaker lead our State to greatness. In thinking
of Jim Burke and all that he has been through, and in closing, I want
to call to mind the words of the black, Atlanta born poetess, Georgia
Douglas Johnson. It's entitled Conquest:
My pathway lies through worse than death;
I meet the hours with bated breath
My red blood boils, my pulses thrill,
I live life running up a hill.
Ah, no, I need no paltry play
Of makeshift tilts for holiday
For I was born against the tide
And I must conquer that denied
I shun no hardship, fear no foe;
The future calls and I must go
I charge the line and dare the spheres
As I go fighting down the years.
Ladies and gentlemen, it is my distinct honor and privilege to place
in nomination the name of James Clarence Burke to be Speaker pro
tempore of the Florida House of Representatives. Thank you.

Representative Metcalf seconded the nomination of Representative
Burke for Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Metcalf: Mr. Speaker, Justice Adkins, distin-
guished guests and friends: Today I rise to second the nomination of
my friend and colleague, James Clarence Burke, as Speaker pro
tempore of the Florida House of Representatives.
Jimmy Burke combines a very special kind of caring for the
underdog, the wrongly accused, the lost youth, and others in distress or
pain, with a toughness of mind and spirit which enables him to make
the difficult decisions which will lead to a better future for all the
citizens of Florida.
He has supported many of us in the difficult days just past, making
speeches, attending church services, and walking in the streets. Back
home in Dade County he is respected by his peers, known as an
excellent attorney and a citizen committed to his community.
It is an honor for me to second the nomination of Jimmy
Burke-legislator, lawyer, and loyal friend-as Speaker pro tempore of
the House of Representatives.

Representative Bass seconded the nomination of Representative
Burke for Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Bass: Mr. Speaker Mills, former Speakers, col-
leagues and distinguished guests: It is certainly a privilege for me to
second the nomination of James Burke for Speaker pro tem.

James is a very special man:

-Who 38 years ago was born in Waycross, Georgia, as he says "on
the other side of the tracks"

-Who dreamed about being part of the black struggle and having
something substantial to say about it
-Who was inspired by a seventh grade teacher to like current
events and to even begin to think about going to college
-Who became president of his seventh grade and tenth grade
-Who was encouraged by his grandfather to go on to college, and by
a counselor who arranged a scholarship for him
-Who campaigned successfully to become president of his freshman
college class
-Who described one of his first jobs as a "pickle picker-upper" in a
pickle factory
-Who had no funds for law school, but wasn't deterred
-Who drove his old car down 1-95 toward the University of Miami
Law School but had to get off on the side roads because he didn't have
funds to pay the toll at the turnpike
-Who became the first black student senator at the University of
-Who has practiced law in Liberty City and was first elected to the
House in 1982
-Who today will become the highest ranking black Member in
Florida's legislative history.
To the casual observer it constitutes an important step for blacks,
but I think it's much more than that. I think it's an important step for
Florida and a very important, positive step for the Florida House.
In 1982, we had a class of 44 freshmen, but Jim was one of those who
stood out, who recognized and measured a person by their character,
not by their color; who had a vision and concern for all Floridians; who
understood the plight of the poor from his own humble beginnings, but
who is equally comfortable and is able to talk and work with people
from all walks of life and with diverse points of view. He understands
that there is no longer room for sectionalism in our State.
Jim Burke's success is proof to me that the American dream is still
possible. Jim Burke is one of those rare individuals, one of those rare
people who can make their dreams a reality. So, Mr. Speaker, ladies
and gentlemen, it is certainly a privilege and honor for me to second
the nomination of James Burke for Speaker pro tem of the Florida
House of Representatives.

Representative Crotty nominated Representative Frank S.
Messersmith for Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Crotty: Mr. Speaker, members of the House,
honored guests, and visitors in the gallery: In the final days of the last
regular session of the Legislature, a news organization polled the
members of this House as to who was most effective and who had the
most leadership potential. This news organization asked us to identify
not only our best Members, but our worst Members.
As you could well expect, few responded to their inquiry!
I believe the reason is that Members of this distinguished House of
Representatives, from its youngest freshman to its dean, are all
leaders. For it is the people of our districts who elected us to represent
them in this Legislature. As a result of implementation of single
member districts, each of you sworn in today is your constituents'
closest and most important link to their state government.
But some must walk an extra mile; some must climb a higher
mountain; some must lead leaders. If the Speaker of this distinguished
body is to initiate, guide, and influence, it is clear that the Speaker pro
tempore must exhibit these same signs of leadership.

My idea of a great Speaker pro tempore is one who has a few years of
legislative experience which now affords him insight and wisdom. He
should be respected-respect earned through commitment and dedica-
tion. He should be receptive, patient and, most importantly, possess
the ability to get along with those who must follow his lead.


We have among our ranks today someone who, I believe, has all of
these characteristics. It is my honor and privilege to nominate this
person, of whom we all and the citizens of Florida can be very, very
proud. I nominate Frank Messersmith to be Speaker pro tempore of the
Florida House of Representatives.
Today Representative Messersmith begins his fourth term. In the
past six years, Frank has been virtually tireless in his legislative
pursuits. He has served as Whip of the Minority Party, as well as
Chairman of the Palm Beach Legislative Delegation. He has been
honored by the American Legislative Exchange Council for his efforts,
and has been selected to serve as this organization's national
treasurer. Last year in the House Frank served on six committees,
including Appropriations and Rules & Calendar, as well as chairing a
subcommittee. His diligence was additionally recognized by his
colleagues when he was asked to serve for three consecutive years on
the Appropriations Conference Committee, in addition to two other
conference committees to which he was named.
Let me just add, those of you who have served on a committee with
Frank know he is a very worthy adversary. If you're going to go
against Frank and you're going to compete, you better be prepared.
But when it's over, be prepared for a friendly demeanor and a
handshake, because that's the kind of man that Frank Messersmith is!
Too numerous to list now are Representative Messersmith's awards
and accomplishments. Let it suffice to say that Representative
Messersmith is very worthy of the position that I nominate him for
today. Having said all that, I formally place the name of Frank
Messersmith of Palm Beach County for Speaker pro tempore of the
Florida House of Representatives. Thank you.

Representative Renke seconded the nomination of Representative
Messersmith for Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Renke: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Former Speaker, Justice
Adkins, colleagues in the House, and friends and family: I'm very
proud to second the nomination of a good friend and the pride of Palm
Beach County, Representative Frank Messersmith. Frank is known, of
course, by the House Members-Democrats and Republicans alike-as
a good friend, someone who has not only the ability, but the
willingness to help when that help is needed.
He has, as his constituents know in Palm Beach County, the
integrity and character to carry forward the strong leadership that he
has shown in the Republican side and now all of us have the
opportunity to allow him to be the leader for all of us as Speaker pro
He has that ability to bring people together. We have had several
speakers who talked about the new horizons here in Florida, the new
era dawning. Frank Messersmith, in terms of the knowledge of
computers, showing the fiscal responsibility in the past that he has had
here, knows how to lead the State of Florida. He knows that in terms of
the old traditional solutions many times bring old traditional problems
and the new techniques and the new ideas and the innovative
strategies that he brings to bear in the House of Representatives is
something that can lead Florida to become not just the third largest
state, but the best state in the country.
His experience in many of the American Legislative Exchange
Council seminars around the country show that he is a leader, not just
in the State of Florida, but nationwide is respected. As mentioned,
being the national treasurer and the functions he has put on, the
energy which this man has shown here in the State of Florida, in this
House, is something that deserves to be recognized by voting for Frank
Messersmith as the Speaker pro tempore.
It is my distinct pleasure and honor to be able to do that and I hope
you will all join in this new horizon in a true bipartisan fashion and
make Frank Messersmith your next Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Garcia seconded the nomination of Representative
Messersmith for Speaker pro tempore.

Representative Garcia: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Past Speaker, Justice
Adkins, Members of the House, distinguished guests, and family and

all of you up in the gallery: It is my pleasure and my honor to second
the nomination of Representative Frank Messersmith to be the
Speaker pro tempore of the Florida House of Representatives.
To hold such position in the Florida House of Representatives, you
need leadership and it takes a lot of dedication and a lot of good
qualities. Being the youngest Member of this House the past two years,
I got very close with Frank. Sometimes I needed advice. Sometimes I
had questions that I couldn't answer. He was the man I would turn to
in many cases. Sometimes Frank didn't feel about an issue the same
way I did, but even at that time, Representative Messersmith would
guide me to the right path to take me the way I wanted to go to
represent my constituents. That's an exclusive quality of a leader and
for that reason, I would like to-with much honor-nominate a real
good and the best friend that I've had in this Florida House of
Representatives, Representative Frank Messersmith.
Representatives James C. Burke and Frank S. Messersmith were
declared the nominees for Speaker pro tempore. When the votes were
cast for Speaker pro tempore, the result was:



Johnson, B. L.
Johnson, R. C.



Representative Burke was recorded present. Representatives C. F.
Jones and Hodges were recorded as voting Yea



Jones, D. L.



Representative Messersmith was recorded present.

Representative Burke was declared the duly elected Speaker pro
tempore for a term of two years beginning today.

On motion by Representative Clark, Representatives Abrams,
Brown, Gordon, Peeples, Reaves, and Simon were appointed as a
committee to escort Representative Burke and his family to the
rostrum. Justice Adkins administered the oath of office to the Speaker
pro tempore.

Remarks by Speaker pro tempore

The Speaker presented the new Speaker pro tempore, who addressed
the House as follows:
"Thank you" are two words, but they mean so much. You've honored
me in a way that I never thought possible just a few years ago. I look


at all of us and I think of the words of the poet, R. L. Harper. I used
this when we were in Gainesville because it means so much. I say to
all of you who are here assembled:
Isn't it strange that princes and kings,
and clowns that caper in sawdust rings,
and common people like you and like me
are builders for eternity.
For each is given a bag of tools,
a shapeless mass and a book of rules;
And each must make, ere life has flown
A stumbling block or a stepping stone.
Now, isn't that strange?
We are here presented with an opportunity to be stepping stones in
building a great history of Florida. Or, we can become stumbling
blocks, divided by party, divided by region, divided by national origin,
divided by race, or divided by philosophies which are intolerant of
anyone who differs. Thank goodness, the decision is up to us.
I thank you all for electing me to assist in the leadership of our great
quest to lead the fastest growing state in the South and Eastern
United States. And I thank you, Jon Mills, again for having the
courage to nominate me to the Caucus. I've said this, time and time
again, but let me say it to those who are here assembled who don't
know, that Jon Mills' selection of me was not one that had to be done.
It was one that he was able to do, to look at one's character and not
one's skin. And it comes at an appropriate time in our history.
It has been said to you Jon and I are both products of the small town
of Waycross, Georgia. I've found out that Waycross got its name
because the tracks of several major railroad companies used to cross
there. As a child, I would go across the tracks for different things. In
many of the communities, the tracks would separate the different sides
of town-sometimes by race, sometimes by which side was povertarized
and which side was not.
Both Jon's mother and my mother, who I will introduce to you in a
minute, were born and reared in Waycross. As a child, by law and by
custom, I attended the black high school. Had Jon been born and
reared there, by law and by custom, he would have had to attend the
white high school. We would have lived our lives, literally, on different
sides of the tracks, and the probability is that we never, ever would
have met each other. And yet, here we are together by your choice.
Jon Mills, perhaps you can remember when we were at your house
and we were listening to a song by an English poet and songwriter.
There were some words in that song that I thought were so apropos for
you, because I've always known you to do the right thing. The words
were something like this, it said: "You can tell everybody that this is
your song. I know it sounds quite simple but now that it's done, I hope
you don't mind that I say these words, but how wonderful life is, Jon
Mills, that you're in the world." Thank you very much and I love you
very much. [applause]
I also wanted to thank my parents, Mr. James Joseph Burke, who is
here along with my mother, Mrs. Frances DuHart, because as a child
there were some things I didn't understand. But, I learned through
them and through their relationship that poverty is a state of mind;
that though you may not have money, that does not mean you are in
poverty. You may be on your back, but if you can look up, you can get
up, and you can do whatever you want to do. I also learned through
them that yes sometimes the world will throw you a bone, but you just
learn how to make soup with it, and do everything you need to do.
I'm moved by having my mother and Jon's mother here together
today. I've said to many and I hope you don't mind me saying it again,
but I think she is the only person-other than my family-up here who
can remember, she corrected me on this, that in Waycross, Georgia,
once a fellow fell in a tower. I thought it was for three days, she said it
was for three weeks; and nobody knew as we drank the water. Not
everybody can remember that.
To my sister, Mrs. Denise Johnson, who is here-and it is hard to
have a baby sister you put diapers on, who is now almost thirty, but
she is here with her son-O.K., who is now above twenty-five,
[laughter] I thank you for coming, along with my favorite aunt and

uncle, William and Mary Hall-Bill, who got me my first job other
than being in the fields or working at my grandfather's store, but got
my first regular-paying job, and I remember that. Mary, who advised
me through many years of college and law school. I thank you for
coming. My father, I can remember, and my brother who is here, we
share something distinct, but my father, along with my mother, taught
me that indeed, even former lovers and former spouses can be the best
of friends for the sake of the children. I remember that, and I
remember my brother, who drove all the way from Atlanta-all night
to get here. These are things that only family will know.
Most of all, I want to thank the Father of us all, for without His
grace and mercy, moments like this would not occur.
I leave you with a suggestion by Dr. Robert Schuller, who said how
we can view the world around us. And we in Florida are now in this
state. He said: "We can resent what happens to us; we can consent to
what happens to us; or we can invent what happens to us."
And we can, my brothers and sisters assembled in this House of
Representatives, invent what will happen to the people of Florida. For
our cause is their cause. My children who are here, I want to remain
safe, and I want to be educated: James, Jr., Carmen, Constance and
Ebonie, who was so excited about my selection that she went to sleep. I
want them also in the future to know that Florida is a great place to
hunt, to fish, to swim, and to marry and to live their lives.
For truth, safety, justice, caring for the poor, helping families and
educating children are not lost causes or pipe dreams. For you see, for
us and the people of Florida, their dreams are our dreams. I know that
the time is right, our cause is just, and our dreams shall never die. God
bless you all, and thank you.

Committee from the Senate
A committee from the Senate consisting of Senators Brown, Dudley,
Grant, Hollingsworth, Lehtinen, Ros-Lehtinen, and Weinstock was
received and announced that the Senate was organized and ready to
transact business.

Retirement of Dr. Allen Morris as Clerk
Designation as Clerk-emeritus/Historian

Representative Bell announced the retirement of Dr. Allen Morris as
Clerk and moved his designation as Clerk-emeritus/Historian.

Representative Bell: Mr. Speaker, distinguished guests, Members:
The announcement I have is one that, of course, you all know and that
is that, at this time, Dr. Allen Morris, our beloved Clerk, has
announced his retirement as Clerk. My purpose here today is to move
his designation as Clerk-emeritus and Historian.
Allen Morris has been known in many ways. As I said earlier, he has
been known to many as someone bigger than life, a living legend, an
embodiment of this institution. He is the Florida House of Representa-
tives. The Miami Herald, in an editorial on Saturday, referred to him
and said: "Know this then. Since he became House Clerk in 1966,
Allen Morris has been Tallahassee's indispensable man." As Historian
of this Chamber, he has held-and all of you should remember as you
vote today-he will continue to hold the key to our individual
legislative immortality.
He was born in Chicago in 1909, arrived in Miami in 1921, arrived
in Tallahassee in 1941, began to advise this House of Representatives
in 1947, and became its Clerk in 1966. For almost four decades, he has
faithfully served the House of Representatives and the State of Florida.
He is the conscience of this Chamber.
Beverly Burnsed, in nominating him several years ago, said
something that I think sums up so much of what we feel about Allen
Morris: "Since 1966 Allen Morris has served under many Speakers. He
has seen many of us come and go through these halls, but he has
provided that most important thread of continuity that makes this
such a great body. He is the House; he is an institution; he is your
friend; he is a helpmate; he is your confidant; he is Mr. Florida." And
now, Mr. Clerk, we turn to you once again and ask you to give once
more of yourself to the House. We ask you to provide us with a


continuity and stability at this time of change as we ask you to serve
as our Clerk-emeritus and Historian. We ask you to give us the benefit
of your wisdom and experience to record our history and to point the
way for the fifth decade and beyond. We specifically ask you to
continue to compile the history of the Florida Legislature, as first
authorized in this House by Resolution 5236 in 1970. Mr. Speaker, I
move you that Dr. Allen Morris be designated as Clerk-emeritus and

Representative Patchett seconded the motion for the designation of
Dr. Morris as Clerk-emeritus/Historian.

Representative Patchett: Mr. Speaker, ladies and gentlemen of the
House: It is my great pleasure to second the nomination of Dr. Allen
Morris, a great Floridian, a good friend, and one who I think will make
us look good, even when we don't, in the future, for our past. Thank
you, Dr. Morris, for all your years. I second the nomination.

The House unanimously consented to the designation of Dr. Allen
Morris as Clerk-emeritus/Historian of the Florida House of Represen-

Presentation of Portrait of Dr. Morris
Representative Burnsed escorted Dr. Morris to the well. She
unveiled a portrait of Dr. Morris, saying: "Ladies and gentlemen, what
more can we do? What more can be said? From one who has taught
from his books when I didn't even know who he was to one who has
had the distinct privilege of nominating him as Clerk of this body, and
now as we move to have this great Floridian-almost as special to me
as my daddy-serve us as Historian. Dr. Morris, to you, from all
Members of the Florida House, we present this portrait to be hung in
Morris Hall."

Address by Dr. Morris

Dr. Morris responded to his designation as Clerk-emeritus/Historian
and to the presentation of his portrait:
Mr. Speaker Thompson, Mr. Speaker Moffitt, Mr. Speaker Haben,
Mr. Speaker Tucker, Mr. Justice Adkins, Congressman Lewis, Mr.
Speaker Mills, ladies and gentlemen of the House, my family and
friends: I shall be eternally grateful to the Members of the old House of
Representatives for making this portrait possible. I can't say the
portrait was a secret to me because I had to sit for the photographs
from which it was painted. But until today, I had not seen the painting
in any stage. I understand the portrait is to be placed on the wall of
Morris Hall behind the seating of the committee. It has been suggested
this location will enable me to look disapprovingly when someone
moves some such no-no as moving to waive the rules in a committee
meeting. Seriously, I am indeed grateful for this thoughtfulness.
Too, I am grateful to the master artist, Ed Gordon. Ed, please stand
to be recognized.
I have been kidded through the years for making acceptance
speeches of a few words. Now I can reveal to you that I have been
accumulating those unused minutes for today's farewell remarks as
I came here 104 regular and special sessions ago, in April, 1941, and
I think that is long enough. Those of you who have stopped to read the
bronze plaque at the entrance to Morris Hall may have been puzzled to
observe that it commemorated my retirement in 1978. That had been
my intention but Speaker Hyatt Brown asked me to stay on. Which,
obviously, I did.
We often refer to the Members of the House as a family. In a
family there are generations. I think that is true of this House. I
believe it could be safely said that a new generation-a new, unique
era-is in the making with Speaker Mills and Minority Leader
Patchett, aggressive, programmatic, creative leaders.
Stated another way, legislative life runs in cycles. I have counted my
service as taking me through the old House, the transitional House,
and the new House. I have observed an exhilarating moment in
history, and now there is a new, new House. It was indeed my great

good fortune to be present at the creation of this new, independent
branch of Florida's government in the late '60's. In the aftermath of
federally mandated reapportionment, new state legislatures were born
all across America, but nowhere was the renaissance more thorough
and profound than in Florida which went almost overnight from one of
the most backward legislatures to undeniably one of the best
legislatures, if not the best, in America. State after state sent
delegations to Florida to learn how our change was accomplished. I
hope you will indulge me a small boast by sharing with you a passage
from a letter which I prize highly. It is from former Speaker Frederick
H. Schultz who led the 1969 reformation and rebirth of this House. As
you know, Schultz's organizational genius was recognized by the
President of the United States when Schultz was appointed Executive
Governor of the Federal Reserve System.
He wrote to me: "When we introduced our new system of annual
sessions, standing committees, and profiled legislation, it was unique
in the nation. Without your knowledge of the rules and understanding
of the goals, we would not have been able to adopt this new approach
within the parameters of a cohesive parliamentary system."
When first I came to the House of Representatives in April, 1941, my
curiosity took a course different from other newsmen. I became
fascinated by the mechanics of the system, and particularly the
selection of bills for floor consideration by the Committee on Rules and
I became so identified with the process that four sessions later, in
1947, I was employed to revise the Rules of the House and I have been
involved with the Rules of this body ever since.
The Rules are the organic embodiment of the history of the collective
wisdom of past legislatures in governing themselves. For the forty
years that I have observed them they have grown in the direction of
making the legislative process more open and accessible to the
membership. As such I leave them to you, not as the culmination of
perfection, but as a highly evolved body of procedure with a catalogue
of precedents and tradition which I trust you will guard carefully and
change thoughtfully. Some changes are made with each new House,
primarily of committee names and number, but these changes have
nothing to do with philosophy.
I am leaving the Office of the Clerk in the capable hands of Deputy
Clerk John Phelps and the staff which has served me so ably through
my years.
I have been saddened when former Members-some once headline-
making chairmen of prestigious committees-enter the House Cham-
ber and wander about unrecognized by present Members.
Lady Nancy Astor, on her last day as a Member of Parliament, was
told by a Member that she would be missed by the House of Commons.
She replied: "I will miss the House; the House won't miss me. I have
seen 'em all go, and not one of them missed." "The House," she
continued, "is like a sea. Members are like little ships that sail across
it and disappear over the horizon."
I hope to preserve in the memory of those who follow you some of the
events which will occur in this Chamber by reason of your presence
here, as well as exploring the past.
So, I'm particularly grateful for the opportunity you have given me
to stay a while longer. I am moving down a floor to a new office where
I will continue to write histories of the House and to watch this new,
new single-Member district House as you evolve yet still another
chapter in the saga of Florida government. I hope each of you will visit
me there.

The Speaker presented Dr. Morris' wife, Joan. He continued,
"Members, particularly new Members, Dr. Morris was present at the
Creation. [laughter] We are indeed lucky to have the warm and
comforting presence of Dr. Morris to continue with us and I suggest to
each of you who are new here to take the invitation to visit Dr. Morris.
You will learn more in 30 minutes than you will in many other places
in large books and days. Dr. Morris, we are so grateful to have you
continuing with us. Thank you for being with us."


Election of the Clerk

The Speaker announced that nominations would now be received for
Clerk of the House of Representatives for a term, under Rule 1.3, of
two years from this date.

Representative Bell nominated Mr. John B. Phelps as Clerk.

Representative Bell: Again, distinguished guests, Members,
friends, Pam and Joi: Recognizing the hour, I know John Phelps, most
of all, would want me to be brief and I will. But at this important
occasion I think we should not pass by lightly without recognizing the
qualities of the person who is being placed in nomination for Clerk. In
fact, those of you who know John Phelps know that he has many of the
same characteristics that we love so much in Allen Morris. He is a true
intellectual. He loves this institution for what it is and you as
Members of that institution. He is completely and totally honest. He
will continue the tradition that Dr. Morris has provided for so many
years and that is one where you can always have confidence in the
Clerk's Office and turn your back on it as you conduct the business in
this Chamber. He is patient and compassionate. He will give us the
continuation of the service that we have come to take so much for
granted with Dr. Morris. And he is a true and wonderful friend.
Therefore, Mr. Speaker, it is my great honor and privilege to place the
name of John B. Phelps before you for Clerk of the House of
Representatives. Thank you.

Representative Messersmith seconded the nomination of John B.
Phelps as Clerk and moved that the nominations cease and a
unanimous vote be cast for Mr. Phelps as Clerk.

Representative Messersmith: Mr. Speaker, Mr. Speaker pro tem,
our past Speakers who are assembled here, Mr. Justice Adkins, our
new Clerk-emeritus, Minority Leader-and if we elect any more
people, I am going to run out of space on the paper here: It's a pleasure
for me to second this nomination. As our colleague, Representative
Bell, was speaking of the past Journal recognition of Dr. Morris and
that thread of continuity, I recall that, having researched through
some of the other organizational activity sessions as Dr. Morris has
been nominated, either direct comment or some allusion to that thread
of continuity was always present. I know that Dr. Morris provided that
thread of continuity for the hundreds of legislators who have come
through this Chamber and the old Capitol Chamber just as well. That
thread of continuity involved not only connecting legislators together,
but it is also a constitutional commitment. It is a heritage of fairness to
this Florida House of Representatives as a whole and to the people of
the State of Florida which it serves. In inheriting that need for that
continuity, John, I think that you are going to have a hard act to
follow, but I think that in the last four years, serving as the Deputy
Clerk, that John has acquired Dr. Morris' sense of reverence for those
unbiased processes that are needed for this great legislative body.
I believe, as well, that John Phelps has acquired and realizes and
knows that sense of spirit and camaraderie which we all share as
Members of this body. It is shared not only by us, but the past
Members and those who will come and take our places. Those are
vitally needed qualities and during each organizational session they
are in fact the legacy that we deliver to the Clerk of this House to
treasure and to protect to the next term.
Apart from that, our Clerk has to have tremendous, tremendous
functional management abilities and a very good knowledge of the
parliamentary process. Without question, John Phelps has demon-
strated those abilities over the last four years. Therefore, Mr. Speaker,
I move you, Sir, that nominations cease for Clerk and a unanimous
ballot be cast for Mr. John Phelps as Clerk of Florida House of

The motion that nominations cease was agreed to and a unanimous
vote was cast electing John B. Phelps, Clerk of the House. Mr. Phelps
was administered the oath of office by Dr. Morris, retiring Clerk, using
the Bible of his grandfather, the late John B. Phelps.

Remarks by Mr. Phelps
Thank you, Representative Bell, Representative Messersmith, and a
particular thanks to Speaker Mills for your strong and constant
support and encouragement.
Mr. Speaker Mills, Mr. Speaker Thompson, Mr. Speaker Moffitt, Mr.
Speaker Haben, Mr. Speaker Tucker, Mr. Justice Adkins, Members of
the House, my family, friends, and honored guests: It is a humbling
experience indeed to succeed a legend in office, a man who, for me and
for many of you, will always be the Clerk. He has been a teacher, a
cherished friend, for the 41 sessions during which it has been my
privilege to serve this House.
I believe he would agree that the genius of democracy lies perhaps
more with the process by which laws are passed than with the content
of the laws themselves. There is no greater honor that a self-governing
people can bestow upon one of their own than to entrust him with a
role in the conduct and preservation of that process. For this reason, I
am deeply grateful for your confidence. Thank you.

Designation of Sergeant at Arms

The Speaker announced the designation of Mr. Wayne Westmark as
Sergeant at Arms and requested the consent of the House. On motion
by Representative Crady, seconded by Representative McEwan, the
House consented to the designation of Mr. Westmark as Sergeant at
Arms. Mr. Westmark went to the rostrum where Justice Adkins
administered the oath of office to him. The Sergeant expressed his
appreciation to the House.

Committee to the Governor
On motion by Representative Lippman, the Speaker appointed
Representatives Arnold, Figg, Gustafson, B. L. Johnson, McEwan, and
Upchurch as a committee to inform the Governor that the House was
organized and ready to transact business.

Committee to the Senate
On motion by Representative Tobiassen, the Speaker appointed
Representatives Locke, Mitchell, D. L. Jones, Logan, Mackenzie, and
Silver as a committee to inform the Senate that the House was
organized and ready to transact business.

Consideration of House Resolution

By Representative Carpenter-
HR 1-Org.-A resolution establishing the Rules of the House of
Be It Resolved by the House of Representatives of the State of Florida:
That the Rules of the House of Representatives adopted for and
during the Regular Session 1986 shall govern the House for the
Organization Session 1986 and thereafter with the following specific
(a) Rule 1.1 is amended to read:
1.1-Election of Speaker, Speaker pro tempore, Minority Leader and
Minority Leader pro tempore
A Speaker and a Speaker pro tempore shall be elected at the
Organization Session of the House. They are to continue in office until
their successors are chosen and qualified or until the expiration of
their term, whichever shall first occur. The Speaker and Speaker pro
tempore shall take an oath to support the Constitution of the United
States and of the State of Florida, and for the true and faithful
discharge of their duties of office to the best of knowledge and ability.
The minority party shall elect, at a Minority Caucus to be held
during the Organization Session of the House of Representatives, a
Minority Leader and a Minority Leader pro tempore, the names of
whom shall be certified to the Clerk of the House. They shall continue
in office until their successors are chosen and qualified or until the
expiration of their terms, whichever shall first occur.
(b) Rule 1.6 is amended to read:


1.6-Designation of Sergeant at Arms; Employment, Compensation
and Dismissal of Employees
The Speaker shall, with the advice and consent of the Members,
designate the Sergeant at Arms. The Speaker shall employ all
employees of the House and shall determine their qualifications, hours
of work, and compensation, including leave, perquisites and other
benefits. The Speaker shall have the right to dismiss any employee of
the House and the pay of such employee shall stop on the day of
(c) Rule 3.3 is amended to read:
3.3-Prepares Calendars
The Clerk shall prepare a Daily Calendar which shall set forth: (1)
the order of business; (2) the nature of the committee report on each
bill, i.e., whether favorable, favorable with committee amendments or
favorable with committee substitute, and (3) the status of each bill, i.e.,
whether on second or third reading.
The Clerk shall publish, from time to time, an Interim Calendar
which shall record the receipt of prefiled bills and the Speaker's
reference of them, notices of committee meetings, committee actions
upon profiled bills, and such other information as may be useful,
including membership of standing committees and subcommittees. This
Interim Calendar, with notice of committee meetings, shall be mailed
to all Members of the Legislature and other persons requesting this
service, at least seven calendar days prior to such meeting if
(d) Rule 5.14 is amended to read:
5.14-Penalties for Violations
Separately from any prosecutions or penalties otherwise provided by
law, any Member of the House determined to have violated the
foregoing requirements of this Rule shall be censured, reprimanded,
placed on probation or expelled. Such determination and disciplinary
action shall be taken by a two-thirds vote of the House, except that
expulsions shall require two-thirds vote of the membership, upon
recommendation of the committee so designated under Rule 5.12. This
committee, before making said recommendation, shall conduct a
hearing, after notifying the House Member alleged to have violated
this Rule and granting said Member an opportunity to appear at the
hearing. The Member who is under investigation shall have a right to
testify on his own behalf, cross examine the witnesses against him,
compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses on his own behalf
before the committee shall make a recommendation to the House.
(e) Rule 6.1 is amended to read:
6.1-Standing Committees
The Speaker shall, beginning with the Organization Session, appoint
the members of the following standing committees:
Community Affairs
Corrections, Probation & Parole
Criminal Justice
Education, K-12
Ethics & Elections
Finance & Taxation
Governmental Operations
Health & Rehabilitative Services
Health Care & Insurancee
Higher Education
House Administration

International Trade & Economic Development
Military Affairs & Emergency Preparedness
Natural Resources
Regulated Industries & Licensing
Regulatory Reform
Retirement, Personnel & Collective Bargaining
Rules & Calendar
Science & Technology
Tourism & Economic Development Cultural Affairs
Veterans Affairs
He shall give notice of such establishment and appointment in writing
to the Clerk of the House for publication in the Interim Calendar and
the Session Journal.
(f) Rule 6.2 is amended to read:
The Speaker shall establish standing subcommittees and appoint
their members. He shall give notice of such establishment and
appointment in writing to the Clerk of the House for publication in the
Interim Calendar er and the Session Journal. He shall consult the
chairmen of the parent committees regarding appointment of subcom-
(g) The first paragraph of Rule 6.4 is amended to read:
6.4-Number of Members
All standing committees, with the exception of the Committee on
House Administration, shall consist of not less than five nor more than
thirty-three members, except that the Committee on Appropriations
may have a maximum of thirty fi thirty-seven members.

(h) Rule 6.19 is amended to read:
6.19-Nature and Distribution of Notice
A notice shall include a listing and sufficient title for identification
of any and all bills or proposed bills to be considered either by a
committee or subcommittee, including those bills in reports of
subcommittees to a parent committee and bills pending on reconsidera-
A notice shall state the date, time and place of meeting and be given
to the Clerk of the House, the Sergeant at Arms, the spensers sponsor,
the members of the committee, and any Member who has given the
chairman timely written notice of his desire to be notified on a specific
bill. The Sergeant at Arms, in receipting for notices, shall show the
day and hour of receipt.
Whenever timely, the Clerk shall enter notices in the Calendar.
(i) Paragraph (a) of Rule 6.24 is amended to read:
6.24-Reconsideration in Committee
Rules of the House shall govern proceedings in committee insofar as
these are applicable except that a motion for reconsideration shall be
treated in the following manner:
(a) When a question has been decided by a committee, any member
voting with the prevailing side or any member, when the vote was a tie
or by voice, may move for reconsideration instanter or leave the motion
pending. By a two-thirds vote, the committee may take up for
immediate disposition any motion to reconsider left pending. The
motion to reconsider may be made at any time during the same
meeting prior to the adoption of a motion to rise or to the committee's
rising without motion upon the time of adjournment having arrived.


(j) Paragraph (a) of Rule 6.49 is amended to read:
6.49-Reconsideration in Subcommittee
A motion for reconsideration shall be treated in the following
(a) When a question has been decided by a subcommittee, any
Member voting with the prevailing side or any Member, when the vote
was a tie or by voice, may move for reconsideration instanter or leave
the motion pending. By a two-thirds vote, the subcommittee may take
up for immediate disposition any motion to reconsider left pending.
The motion to reconsider may be made at any time during the same
meeting prior to the adoption of a motion to rise or to the
subcommittee's rising without motion upon the time of adjournment
having arrived.

(k) The fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth paragraphs of Rule 7.2 are
amended to read:
7.2-Forms of Measures

Bills which propose to amend existing provisions of law the Florida
Statutes (as described in Seetion 11.242, F.S.) or the Laws of Florida
shall contain the full text of the section, subsection or paragraph to be
amended. Joint resolutions which propose to amend the Florida
Constitution shall contain the full text of the section to be amended.
As to those portions of general bills and joint resolutions which
propose to amend existing provisions of the Florida Statutes, or the
Florida Constitution, new words shall be inserted in the text
underlined, and words to be deleted shall be lined through with
In the event the change in language is so general that the use of
these procedures would hinder, rather than assist, the understanding
of the amendment, it shall not be necessary to use the coded indicators
of words added or deleted, but, in lieu thereof, a notation similar to the
following shall be inserted immediately preceding the affected section
of the bill: "Substantial rewording of section. See s ... F.S., for
present text." When such a notation is used, the notation, as well as the
substantially reworded text it shall be underlined.

Section catch lines of existing text shall not be typed with under-
lining, nor shall any other portion of a bill covered by this Rule other
than new material.
(1) Paragraphs (b) and (d) of Rule 7.8 are amended to read:
7.8-Filing for Introduction

(b) All bills (other than the general appropriations bill, concurrent
resolutions relating to organization of the Legislature, and recall of
acts from the Governor) shall be either prepared or, in the case of local
bills, reviewed by the House Bill Drafting Service. After the review by
the Bill Drafting Service, no change shall be made in the text or title of
the bill without returning the bill to the Bill Drafting Service prior to
filing with the Clerk of the House.

(d) The Director of House Bill Drafting Service shall notify any
Member proposing a bill if an identical or similar bill has been filed
offered and the name of the sponsor.
(m) Rule 7.9 is amended to read:
Upon introduction, all bills et loeeal in application (including
committee bills and committee substitutes-bills) shall be printed for
the information of the House and the public, except that reviser's bills
shall be printed only upon the order of the chairman of the Committee
on Rules & Calendar. Unless the Clerk of the House determines a need
for a larger number, there shall be printed 600 copies of each such bill.
The Clerk shall have sufficient copies printed for the needs of the House

and the public and shall furnish the copy for all such printing. This
printing of bills shall be independent of the legislative process, and the
absence of a printed copy shall not delay the progress of any bill at any
stage of the legislative process.
(n) Rule 7.11 is amended to read:
7.11-Companion Measures
A companion Senate bill shall be substantially worded the same and
identical as to specific intent and purpose as the House bill for which it
is being substituted.
Whenever any bill of the House shall be reached on the Calendar of
the House for consideration, either on second or third reading, and
there shall be also pending on the Calendar of the House a companion
bill already passed by the Senate, it shall be in order to move that the
Senate companion bill be substituted and considered in lieu of the
House bill. Such motion may be adopted by a majority vote, provided
the Senate bill is on the same reading, otherwise the motion shall be to
waive the Rules by two-thirds vote and take u*p read, and substitute
such Senate bill.
A companion Senate bill shall be substantially worded the same, and
identical as to specific intent and purpose as the House bill for which it
is being substituted. At the moment the House substitutes the Senate
companion bill, then the original House bill shall be regarded as
automatically tabled.
Recommitment of a House bill shall automatically carry with it any
Senate companion bill then on the Calendar.
(o) Rule 8.1 is amended to read:
8.1-Daily Sessions
The House shall meet each legislative day at 9:30 a.m. or as stated
in the motion recessing the House on of adjournment of the prior
legislative day on which the House met.
(p) Rule 8.16 is amended to read:
8.16-Special Order Calendar: Extended and Special Sessions
If a legislative session is extended by the Legislature, all bills on the
Calendar at the time of adjournment of the regular session of the
Legislature shall be placed in the Committee on Rules & Calendar.
During any extended session and during any extra or special
legislative session, all bills upon being reported favorably by the last
committee considering such bills shall be placed in the Committee on
Rules & Calendar.
During any extended session and during any extra or special
legislative session, the Committee on Rules & Calendar shall establish
a Special Order Calendar and only those bills on such Special Order
shall be placed on the Calendar of the House.
During any extended session and any special or extra or special
session by the Governor or the Legislature, on Monday of each week
there shall be printed a Calendar of the House Rules Committee
setting forth a list of the bills, by title, which have been approved by
the committee of final reference and referred to the Committee on
Rules & Calendar as well as those bills which, on the last day of the
regular legislative session, were removed from the Calendar and
referred to the Committee on Rules & Calendar, all in numerical order,
and on each other legislative day a list shall be provided to each
Representative by the Clerk of the House containing the numbers of
all bills referred to the Committee on Rules & Calendar.
(q) Rule 11.1 is amended to read:
11.1-General Form; Manner of Consideration
Amendments shall be sent to filed with the Clerk on forms supplied
by the Sergeant at Arms Clerk.- through the Supply R.oom but They
shall be taken up only as sponsors gain recognition from the Speaker
to move their adoption, except that the chairman of the committee (or
in his absence, the vice chairman or any member thereof) reporting the
measure under consideration shall have preference for the presenra-
tion of committee amendments. Unless there be objection, committee
amendments shall be adopted en bloc. An amendment shall be deemed
pending only after its proposer has been recognized by the Speaker and
has moved its adoption.


(r) Paragraph (b) of Rule 11.10 is amended to read:
11.10-Senate Amendment to House Bill

(b) After the reading of a Senate amendment to a House bill the
following motions shall be privileged in the order named: (1) amend
the Senate amendment by a concurrence of the majority required for
the final passage of the bill, or (2) concur in the Senate amendment by
a concurrence of the same majority required for the final passage of the
bill, or (3) refuse by the majority of the required quorum to concur and
ask the Senate to recede, or (4) request the Senate to recede and,
failing to do so, to appoint a eemmittee of conference committee to meet
with a like committee appointed by the Speaker.

-was read the first time by title. On motions by Representative
Carpenter, the rules were waived and the resolution was read the
second time by title and adopted.

Waiver of Rules for Committee Meetings
On motion by Representative Carpenter, the rules were waived to
allow committees to formally meet during the week of December 1
through 3 with 5:00 p.m., Friday, November 21, as the deadline for
filing notices. He further stated that committees meeting only for
organization or workshop sessions need not file notices.

Democratic Leadership
The Speaker announced the appointment of Representative Ronald
A. Silver as Majority Leader. Representative Silver announced the
appointment, by the Speaker, of the following Members to Democratic
leadership positions: Representative Charles T. Canady, Majority
Whip; Representatives Elaine Bloom, Michael E. Langton, and Alfred
J. Lawson, Jr., Deputy Majority Whips.

Designation of Dean of the House
The Speaker announced the designation of Representative Carl
Ogden as Dean of the House.

Remarks by Minority Leader
The Speaker recognized Representative R. Dale Patchett, Minority
Leader, who addressed the House as follows:
Thank you, Mr. Speaker. I'd like to take just a couple of minutes to
make some remarks and then announce who the Minority leadership
will be for the next coming two years.
I, too, would like to thank the Speaker for allowing today to be a
very great day for all of us. In the House we're unified; in the other
end, we'll find out as we go. But I want you to know that that
unification of this House includes both parties. We've had a long hot
campaign trail and I hope that the emotion of that is behind us now,
that we can go forward and do the business of the State of Florida in a
fair and equal representation of our constituents.
We only ask that we be given equity and fairness in this process. It
is nonpartisan when it comes to the people of Florida. We will work, as
we always have, with the Majority party long and hard. We will have
our disagreements but we will bury those disagreements with the
winning. When the votes are cast, the people of Florida will win.

I assure you that the Republicans in the back of the Chamber-we
love it back here; someday I'm going to get those other 15 votes though
[laughter]-I'd like to say that when Representative Mills was being
nominated, they talked about some legislation and things that he's
done. I've been a part of a lot of that legislation. Representative Mills
pointed out that we have worked together. I'd point out to you that a
lot of the bills in the last four years that have been major
accomplishments of this House went out of here with prime sponsor-
ship on it "By Patchett and Mills." And together we'll prime sponsor
this House to its greatest day and we'll go forward and do good things
for the people of Florida because that's what this is all about.
Mr. Speaker, I look forward to working with you. I know it's going to
be a lot of fun. If nothing else, it will be interesting.
Republican Leadership
Representative Patchett announced the following Members who will
be holding Republican leadership positions: Representative R. Dale
Patchett, Minority Leader; Representative Frank S. Messersmith,
Minority Leader pro tempore; Representative Bruce McEwan, Minority
Caucus Chairman; Representatives William G. Bankhead and John K.
Renke, II, Minority Floor Whips; Policy Committee-Representative
Peter M. Dunbar, Chairman, and Representative Daniel Webster, Vice
Chairman; Campaign Committee-Representative Dennis L. Jones,
Chairman, and Representative James M. Lombard, Vice Chairman.
These designations were to be confirmed in Caucus this afternoon upon
adjournment of the House.
On motion by Representative Kelly, the rules were waived and all
organizational remarks were spread upon the Journal.
Presentation to Speaker Thompson
The Speaker expressed his appreciation for the service of outgoing
Speaker James Harold Thompson. He then presented him with a copy
of The Journals of Lewis and Clark, stating: "We talked a lot about
important beginnings. James Harold Thompson is beginning another
important part of his life. He has been generous enough to share with
us a major part of his life, a major part of his career. We have referred
to this House as a family and truly James Harold Thompson's
retirement is the retirement-it is the leaving of a family member for
all of us. On behalf of every person in this House who has served with
you and for those who will not have the privilege of serving with you, I
want to thank you for everything that you have done."
Mr. Thompson responded: "My congratulations to you all for just
being elected. I do appreciate the loyalty and friendship you have all
shown. I think that one thing in sitting here today that I realize-and I
know those of you who have already served understand better than
some of you who are coming and some of you who are family to the
people who are here-and that is the loyalty that is shown in this
House to the Chair is one of the most significant aspects of what we do.
With the help and advice of the Clerk's Office and Dr. Morris
epitomizes, along with John Phelps, the quality of the advice that we
get. The respect that is shown for the Chair, I think, is so very
important. I know that in my two years in the Chair, you have shown
me that and I appreciate it. Today, by giving me your applause and
recognition, you honor me personally and I thank you very much."

Having completed its organization, the House of Representatives, on
motion by Representative Carpenter, adjourned at 1:23 p.m., sine die.


THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the foregoing pages numbered 1 through
16, inclusive, are and constitute a complete, true and correct journal
and record of the proceedings of the House of Representatives of the
State of Florida at the Organization Session of the Seventy-third
House since Statehood in 1845, convened under the Constitution, held
on November 18, 1986.
John B. Phelps
Clerk of the House

Tallahassee, Florida

November 18, 1986

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